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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 14, 1917

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INDUSTRIAL UNITT: BTBENOTH
OFFICIAL ,5J»BB:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB 00
NINTH YEAR.   No. 37
EIGHT PAGES
UNOIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
The Crowning Achievement
******* -X****** *******
In Canadian Political Infamy
Ottawa Experts at Intrigue
Arrange Sure Thing
Election Game
Franchise to Be Limited to
Assured Supporters of
Conscription
Political Vulgarity and Impudent Chicanery As a
Fine Art
CANADIAN politicians have
long since attained a well-
earned fame for unscrupulous
chicanery and coarse intrigue,
that has extended to the uttermost
parts of the earth. Not even the
political hiBtory of the United
States discloses anythingraore vulgar, coarse and unclean, than the
political life of Canada during the
last half century. No greater contempt has ever heen manifested
for all principles of honor, decency and Beemly conduct, than
haB been openly shown aB the normal expression of so-called Canadian statesmanship, during that
time. The most flagrant jobbery,
the moot stupendous schemes of public
loot and plunder,* havo been pushed
through to their conclusion with the utmost indiffereitoe to all codos of moral
and ethical rectitude, and without
bringing the slightest indication of the
blush of shame to tho calloused cheeks
of the instigators and perpetrators
thereof. It has long since become generally acknowledged that moral turpi*
tude is the sole qualification requisite
to a successful career in Canadian political life.
But, however coarse, low, mean and
vile the standard of politicnl conduct
may have been in the past, it has been
left to the gang of political intriguers
and crooks now in command of the ship
of stae, at Ottawa, to develop such a
super-excellent efficiency in the art of
political roguery as to place them in a
class by themselves and stamp tehir
achievements as the ultimate of possibility in the --"- --'--- -* --■*"--'
skullduggery.
HJR DAY
Makes "Vohin-
:essions,But
-^HasSay
B will beBPraftbered that District 6
of the Minen' union (metalliferous),
dome weeks ago submitted a new ached-
ployer* of British Colura-
uie to the     .   ..     ,_	
bia.   Negotiations were carried on in
several camps and quite a number bf
agreements were entered into. Whether
''voluntary" or not, as suggested, the
Granby Co., operating at various points
throughout the province, mostly in the
Boundary district and away up north
in the Anyox camp, has announced a
"sliding" wage increase covering the
smelter at Grand Forks and the mines
at Phoenix. For every two cents raise
in the market price of copper above 14c
a pound, the wages of the men are in*
creased by 25c a day, thus with copper
at 24c the men receive a bonus of $1.25
per day, while if copper reaches 30c the
bonus will amount to $2.
In addition to this all men who have
in the past been working nine hours a
day will now only be required to work
eight hours.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY tffrRNING, SEPTEMBER^!;)!?"
P0LH3CAI, UOTTti   VIOTOBX
CANNERY COMPELS
GIRLS 10 WORK
Manager of a Victoria Cannery Makes Surprising
Admission
POLITICAL POT
OT
Women's Labor Exploited
At Miserable Wage of
of 15c an Hour
bility in the noble science of political
The forcing of the conscription net
upon the people of the Dominion, without    other ■   mandate     or     authority
than that which had been impudently
assumed, no one really knows for what
damnable purpose, 'unless it be thc perpetrators of the infamy themselves, was
bad enough, one would think, to satisfy
the most cultivated and fastidious taste
for things morally rotten and ethically
disgusting.    But  ns if that were not
enough; as if there wns yet a degree of
low  appetite  for  things unclenu  and
vile, that it was tho duty of the purveyors  of  political   atrociousness  und
past masters of political depravity to
feed with choice crunibs of satisfying
and appropriate succulence, the Ottawa
high priests of political depravity have
nobly risen to the occasion by incubating a "Wa^ Times Election Act," that
has anything in tho lino of impudent
chiennory and clumsy cunning that was
ever perpetrated, beaten to a standstill.
It is impossible to conceive of any manner in which this precious device to so-1
cune the certain return of the intriguers
to power could be improved upon. Strip-
*ped of all unnecessary verbiage it re'
solves^ itself into a fairly simple proposition of allowing the franchise to
&\xy one who can clearly establish his
or. her intention to support the candidates   and   policy   of   the   delectable
schemers who are now in office, and
who incubated the precious "Act." If
you are unquestionably for Borden and
his unconscionable and-impudent allied
rogues and iheir vicious policies,, yoa
will be allowed to register your convictions to that effect.   If not, you will
clearly have no chance to register your
gro-German   and   disloyal   sentiments,
ome of the provisions contemplated in
this preciouB "Act" are as follows:
Disfranchisement of citizens of
enomy alien birth naturalized since
March 31, 1002. Disfranchisement
not to apply to those with son, grandson or brother on active service, or to
Armenians or Syrians.
Disfranchisement of Doukhobors,
Mennonites and ull others exempted
from combatant military service for
conscientious reasons; exercise of
franchise by any individual a bar to
any later claim for exemption on conscientious grounds. j
Enfranchisement of mothers, wives,
widows, daughters or sisters of sol-
■» dlers who have gone overseas from
Canada since the beginning of the
war.
That the patriotic Tory women are
also busily engaged in aiding the noble
purpose of the Borden band of most eminent statesmen in winning the election,
and incidentally the war, is shown by
the following telegrata alleged to havo
been sent, cat from Toronto recently to
faithful female workers in the noble
cause throughout thc western provinces.
The signatures are ,those of the president of the National Council of Women, the president   of   the   National
Equal Franchise league and the 'regent
Of the Imperial Order of Daughters of
the Empire. The purpose is clearly thnt
of ascertaining if it would bo safe for
the conspirators to include ull of the
wbmen among those who were to bo al-
[lowed to vote for Borden undor the
f'Aet."   Here is the telegram:    ..
Toronto, Aug. 2, 1017.
Oan you ascertain opinion of but*
standing reliable women in your district with regard" to the  following"
question:
Would the granting of thc federal
franchise to women make conscription assured at the general election,
jf-sueh is inevitable, taking carefully
mo consideration the vote of thc
■foreign women f
Highly important that we should
Pacific Transfer Co. Oppose
New Union of Drivers
in This City
The Pacific Transfer company is now
in a class with the Turner's dairy in
its treatment of organized labor. It
refused to permit its teamsters to join
the newly-organized Teamsters' and
Drivers' union. Tho manager of the
company says he has advised, and
would continue to advise his teamBters
not to join the union. He says he prefers to deal with his employees individually and not collectively. The manager is very frank about it, nnd or-
fainzed labor no doubt will be just as
rank in demanding tbat deliveries to
their homes be. by drivers' or teamsters
belonging to the new union. A committee which was appointed by the new
organization has been busy among other
unions circulating word that nil members of organized labor should insist
thut goods delivered to their homes be
by union men. If this course is insisted
upon, organized labor will greatly assist
the new union. As a matter of fact,
this will assure to a still greater degree the success of the new union.
It is understood thc Pacific Transfer
man has a grouch of some years' standing agaiust organized labor, dating to
thu time an attempt was made before
by the teamsters to organize for their
own protection and benefit. Unquestionably the Puciflc Transfer Co. hns
been doing considerable business with
members of organized labor. His "advice" to his teamsters, however, would
indicate that he docs not give a snap of
his fingers for members of unions.
Such being the case, the manager of
the Pacific Transfer company may j
scarcely expect us patrons the brother
union meu of thc teamsters. However,
the Pacific Transfer company is not tho
only transfer company in the city, and,
so, far as known, this company is the
only ono which has expressed any objection to its men joining the union.
Out of Hospital.
President J. R. Foster, of the Moving
Picture Operators, his friends will be
very pleased to learn, after two weeks
in hospital, Is now out and around
again, fully recovered.
Thirty or forty women are employed
at the cannery of the Vantoria Canning
company, in this Mty, at the small
wages of 16 cents an hour. Some of
the workers are mere children, not more
than 14 or 15. Last Sunday a part of
the force, was compelled to work under
Protest, making seven days a week.
'he. manager, Sorenson, is reported to
have told the women that if he could
not get them to work the week through,
and .when he wanted them to, he would
engage Chinese in their' places. Furthermore, the women are compelled to
work nine hours a day and over. Sorenson could not get Chinese laborers to
do the work he nos the wooden do for
15 cents an hour. Oriental! could have
been engaged at one time for this
money, but since the war took so many
men out of British Columbia, they are
finding jobs now whieh pay much better than under the old conditions. They
ane fllling white men's jobs in the mills
and other places, and, though getting
less pay1 than white labor, it is a whole
lot more than they used to earn.
So Sorenson's threat to the women
at his cannery was all bluff, and he
knew it. Furthermore, employment of
Chinks by the cannery would'nt be very
good advertising for Vantoria goods.
Complaint of the conditions at the
Vantoria cannery was made to The
Federationist. The burden of the complaint was substantially borne out by
the cannery manager himself, though he
attempted to be misleading as to the
wages paid. He said he paid from
$3.50 to $6 a day.' When pinned down,
he said hiB engineer got $G a day. It
is a safe bet that the only reason the
engineer gets that uhiount of money is
because the engineers of this city are
organized, otherwise they might have
to subsist on wages far too low, as in
the case of the women employed at this
cannery.
When Sorenson said he was paying
from 43.50 to (6 a day, he implied «3.S0
was the wages being paid to his ordinary help, which, of course, was a mistake, for at 15 cents an hour, it would
be impossible for the women to make
such a sum, unless he worked them all
dsy long.
Sorenson's excuse for working the women on Sundays was that when goods
hnd to be dinned, they had to be canned. Otherwise they would spoil. That
is quite evident. Were this establishment n little more considerate of its
employees, there could be an arrangement whereby some of the employees
who were needed on Sunday worlt could
have a day off.
Howover, when a woman is making
only 15 cents an hour,,and probably
trying to support some dependents upon
it she would welcome the extended time.
If the ennnery management employed
men instead, it would never get away
with the 15-eents-nn-hour scale. Like
some other business enterprises, the
Vantoria cannery is exploiting female
labor because it is possible to get it j
cheap.
It will almost sem like old times with
"Billy" Mclnnes' hat in the ring
again. Jadge Mclnnes subsided for a
long time, and he muit be all pent up
fit for a terrific political explosion now.
He has accepted the nomination of the
Liberals of Comox constituency to be
their champion in the coming battle of
the Liberals against the Tory powers at
Ottawa, who, heaven knows, have done
enough to give the judge, or anybody
else, sufficient campaign material. The
Tories ought to be put out on general
principles. Many ask the question if
the Grits in would change things very
materially. Well, u between two evils,
etc., some are inclined to say, the people should choose the leaser, if it is the
lesser. Thete is one thing about it,
however, and that il this: The people
fknow the Borden government to be rotten. It is strongly suspected some of
them ought .to be in jail. Whether that
is true or not, doeB not alter the' fact
that they have pulled,off some deals
which look like porch-climbing and second storey work. That; C.N.R. st—deal
is one of them. And the way they bave
monkeyed with the military Bervice
business, let war profiteers remain out
of jail and combinations to exist In restraint of trade, are some things which
the general publio will never forgive.
«   • '-»f ■
The only way tbe Tories can win
again is to steal the .election. They
are preparing the way for a suffrage
steal whieh is indescribably despicable.
It is a pity that those responsible for
laws inimical to the welfare of the
public cannot bje suitably punished. In
which event some of that eastern crowd
of profit pirates would get worse than
jail.   •
•   t * •.
Electors must not overlook the decision of the B. C. ■ Federation of Labor
to leave in the hands of the executive
committee the right to place Labor candidates in the field. Some, say this
would prove of decided .advantage to
the Tory nest back east. They reason
Labor candidates would,'divide the opposition with the Liberals. This may
be true, but the executive committee
may be trusted to consider all these
thingB. Unquestionably the Labor candidates will have the beBt chance in
the history of Labor in this province,
generally speaking.
' WIVES
MEETING
(mtrSaT)    $1-50 PER YEAB
Trades and Labor Congress Td
******* «**«««*   ' S******
Convene at Ottawa on Monday
Organised labor, and unorganised as
well, which realises how far the profiteers oi Canada will go to exploit them,
are unalterably opposed to the principle
of conscription. That is the reason for
the proposal to place Labor candidates
in the field. Theae. candidates will
leave no doubt as to where they stand
on, the conscription BttykfiJ.,, The Lib-1
erals, oppose conscription "more' because it is a Borden scheme than because it is the poor man who chances to
get the worst of it.  However, they say ,___im{i iu ior ner oeneiit.   iftnal-
they are in favor of the "conscrip- w Btill refusing to step down frota the
tion" of wealth, but do not define just preflidency, she fainted, which broke up
what that means.   If it means a tax  the meeting.   Another meeting is to be
on profits, it is scarcely enough.   Con- held in two weeks,
scription   of   manhood   means   taking I
Roundly  Criticize Borden
and Work of "Patriotic" Fund
President Refuses to Resign
and When She Faints
Meeting Disperses
"We, the Canadian Association of
Mothers and Wives of Soldiers and
Sailors of the British army and navy
demand that the government give a
substantial increase in our separation
allowance, as the Patriotic fund allowance is insufficient to make ends
meet, owing to the high cost of living.
A reply will be appreciated. If not,.
we shall continue demanding nn increase until we get it."
THE FOREGOING resolution waB
adopted Wednesday night at a meeting of the Canadian Association of the
Mothers and Wives of Soldiers Snd
Sailors. The meeting also expressed its
resentment at the manner in which the
Patriotic fund is administered, various
speakers saying they felt like the recipients of charity.
Many pathetic instances were disclosed showing how^ dependents of the
men who have gone to the front are
compelled to exist by stinting themselves on the inadequate allowances.
One vigorous speaker declared the
women dependent on the men who had
gone away to fight, had been sitting for
three years "letting politicians and
slackers play chess with men's blood on
the fields of Flanders, where they have
been tools of the government."
Another speaker declared the Borden
government had no respect for the soldiers ' or the sailors' wives. The exemption provisions in the Military Service Aot was declared to be for the
purpose of allowing favorites to get out
of service.
The sentiment of the meeting was in
favor of equalization of pensions.
The association has had six months of
existence, and some of the officers and
their methods do not appenl to the rank
and file, so all officers with the exception of the president, Mrs. Janet Kemp,
of fruit-picking fame, resigned. Mrs.
Kemp refused, claiming she had been
elected for five years or something like
that, Some of the remarks directed at
Mrs. Kemp for her exploitation of women 's labor in the fruit fields were anything but complimentary. Several criticisms of Mrs. Kemp, whicb have appeared in the local press, were read
and referred to for ber benefit.   Final
VICTORIA LETTER
(MS'PROTEST
Join With All the Western
Cities in Demand for
$20 Increase
Victoria Letter Carriers lave joined
with Vancouver and other western
cities in a protest against governmen
tal delay in increasing wages commensurate with the prices of foodstuffs. At
m*e{ulK m Tuesday evening in the
Capital (Sty, the membership adopted
th* following resolntion:
"That this meeting request that
the government grant an immediate
general Increase of 420 per month to
the aforementioned  employees, find
that all temporary employees receive
a similar increase in pay; and be it
further resolved  that the said increase be .granted as and from October 1, 1916, and to be received not
later.'than September 30, 1917." •
Copies of the resolution were sent to
Sir Bobert Borden, the. postmaster-general and the secretary of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada.
All the Letter Carriers in tba cities
between Winnipeg and the coast are co*
'"Is
operating in this request.
33rd Annual Convention of
Organized Labor Meets
Next Monday-
Many Grave Problems That
Confront the Woiters
to Be Considered
Sad Situation With Which
the Government Has
to Deal
away every last penny of profits accumulated through the unfortunate circumstances of the war?
appears  to bc  their lungs,  and   their
vocal cords.
Won't there be a fine, upstanding lot I.  UP in Comox, Judge Mclnnes is go-
of budding politicians of both Grit and |'"g to ™" «P "Jf"1"8* Herk Clements,
Tory    stripe   trying   for   exemption,1" ™n«,,*tn*'n" ""
should   the   Bordjcn   bunch   have   the
Sheet Metal Workers in the
Northwest Are in Very
Prosperous Shape
"Sheet Metal Workers' organizations throughout tho Pacific northwest
are. in excellent condition, especially in
Vancouver," yesterday, said W. L.
Sullivan, general organizer, who is here
Kansas  City,  his headquarters.
Large Increase in Membership at the Last
Meeting:
Seventy-five new members were added
by the newly-organized union of Team*
stern' and Drivers, at tbe meeting on
Wednesday night. The membership is
now over 500. The union voted a contribution of 425 to the funds for anti-
conscription candidates in tbe federal
elections. H. J. Petrie, business agent,
resigned and was highly complimented
for his work on behalf of the organization. J. F. Pool was elected by acclammation to succeed him. B. S. Showier
was elected secretary-treasurer. A no-
tico of motion was given that the union
should subscribe in a body to The Federationist. '
have this information or at least some
idea of the trend of women's opinion
on this question,
PLEASE GLEAN YOUR INFORMATION AS QUIETLY AS POSSIBLE.
Telegraph results not later thnn
Monday, 0th, to 205 Yoiige street,
room lo.
MRS. TORRINGTON.
TtfRS. A. L. HAMILTON.
MRS. ALBERT GOODERHAM.
We shall have something more to say
about tbo purity of Canadian politics
next week, or rather tho impurity.   If
the people will stand for this lutest nt-
tempt to nullify democracy and repudiate their'participation in government,
they will stand for anything.   And thoy
will right woll deserve it, too.
Mr. Sullivan has been travelling in the
northwest for tbe past three montbs,
and departs soon for Utah, Colorado,
Wyoming and other states in connection
with his work of orgnnization. Speak*
ing of improved conditions generally,
Mr. Sullivan said:
"The local here on September 1 got
a raise of 50 cents a day, being the
second Increase lately. The membership in the union has doubled and more
members are in sight. The organization nearly covers all the sheet metal
workers here.
"I was recently in Victoria, but busl*
ness is not so good there, but still our
organization is being maintained.
"In Calgary and Edmonton business
has improved greatly and both locals
aro growing. As u matter of fact, busl*
ness is very good all along the coast.
"On Puget Sound nnd in Vancouver
sheet metal workers and in fact, all
engaged in the shipbuilding industry,
are very much interested in the conference in Washington, D. C. Whatever
is thc outcome of the conference between shipbuilders und workers on
Puget Sound, undoubtedly will decide
the scale of wagt's to be paid in this industry in Vancouver."
It has been three years since the general organizer wus in Vnncouver before,
nnd he told The Federationist that he
finds a very decided increase for the
better in business generally and organized labor,'
nerve to force conscription upon tht.
people of Cnnnda? How many of those
ardent young "Win the War" stal-
wartB will have excuse sufficient to escape the dragnet? Of course, they nil
claim excuses now, but will they be
able* to get away with it always? Of
course, same of them will, for conscription is a purely political measure. Howover, tbe writer can nnmo a whole lot
of young huskies whose only physical
ailment is they are too darn fat to
fight just now. But a six weeks' course
of military drill would put them in as
good shape.to fight Germans, or anybody else, as the working class is looked
upon na being.
Those political fighters might at least
get in trnining for "home defence."
Tbe only portion of their anatomy fit >
a conscription politician.    Clements is
givon credit for being a finished earn
paigner.    Ho depends upon  his  hand
ike,  *
shnlte, for be can't speak in n class
with the judge. It will be a. buttle between oratory and handshaking. Herb,
has considerably the best of it thus far,
for tbe judge is only just entering the
lists, and Herb, has been quietly sneaking around for months, fnr ho needs his
position pretty bad. Clements hasn't
done anything for years but represent
some constituency or other. He makes
a Hying out of it.
« * »
And, by tho way, talking about party
politicians, there is some good material
going to waste in this country. There's
King Kelly. One of the most successful'accomplishments in a party campaign is tbe collection end. Nat many
men can step out and get the money
like Kelly can.
In reply to his telegram of protest
upon the part of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor council agalnBt the government's "War Time Eleetion Act," Secretary Mldgley received the following
in reply:
"Ottawa, Ont., Sept 12, 1017.
"Victor R. Midgley, seeretary Trades
and Labor Couneil,
Vancouver, B. C.
"Telegram received.   It is evident
you do not fully appreciate the situation with which the government has
to deal, . Am writing you fully by-
this mail.
"R. h. BORDEN."
Mr. Midgley assures The Federationist thnt he full well "appreciates the
situation with which the government
hns to deal." He fully understands
the indisputable need of winning elections, and realizes thnt when a. government has conducted its affairs so as to
bring down upon its head tbe well-merited execrations of every clean-thinking
and well-intentioned person in the
community, that the sledding will have
been made so rough for the return journey to power, that no in considerable
amount of unscrupulous road work may
be necessary to ensure a safe return.
Oh, yes, Mr. Midgley appreciates tbo
situation, and no dodbt has complete
confidence in tho ability of the present
government to satisfactory "deal"
with it. But it may be a raw deal for
all of that.
IN
Government Makes Workingman Ante
******* ******* *******
The Tax Collector Hales Man To Court
Vancouver Delegates at Ottawa,
Messrs. Towler, Machinists; Knowles,
Letter Carriers; Cottrell, Street Railway Employees; Hardy, Carpenters, and
Trotter, Typos,, are among tho Vancouver delegates who, will be in Ottawa
noxt week to attend the big national
convention of the Trudcs and Labor
Congress of Canada.
THE INIQUITY of the poll tax, and
the possibilities which It presents in
the way of discomforts, even arrest,
not to mention the hardship it works on
tho general public, wns clearly shown
the other day when one Andrew Blygb,
a noisy politician, who was rewarded
for his work for the Brewster government in the late campaign by an appointment of poll tax collector, had a
man haled before Magistrate Shaw.
This is one of the taxes put in force
by Premier Brewster as finance minister, who had been loudly proclaiming
that his government would adopt a
course of "scientific" taxation, by
which he was figured to mean something new and extraordinary. Tho poll
tax is a relic of dark ages of government. Most up-to-date governments do
not put their hand into the ordinary
workingman's pocket in this manner
any more." They havo a "scientific"
way of going about it, and, though the
workingman, wbo is the producer of all
wealth, pays eventually us he pays
everything, even though he doos nut
participate in thc fruits of bis lubor, he
is not absolutely bludgeoned out of it.
However, tho brilliant Brewster government, which bragged on the hustings what It was going to do for the
benefit of the workers, is playing directly into the bands of omployers, as
did the old government, and instead of
Increasing the income tax sufficiently,
it based its income calculations on what
could be extracted from the actual originators and producers of wealth. The
poll tax of ♦5 a head on workingmen
wha haven't been nblo to get sufficient
money ahead to buy their own homes, a
surtax,  which doubles the amount of
taxation figured  out  by   the brilliant
Brewster government.
On Vnncouver island the farmers
have banded together to refuse to come
across witb the additional tnxes on
their fnrmB, They reason the' government will not dare foreclose on tbeir
property to muke good this feature of
its "scientific" taxation.
However, about tho iniquitous poll
tax, at the rate it is being gathered in
by a young army of political collectors,
the administration of tbis taxation wilt
como pretty high. For information of
electors who may be curious to see the
outcome of the Brewster "scientific"
taxation, the government should keep a
record of how much this sort of taxation costs to gnrner. Several poll tax
collectors are running about this town,
and other towns too, at a salary of 4125
a month. It is a safe bet that some of
tbem do not collect that much in poll
tuxes in a month. At least nfter thc
novelty has worn off they won't.
Meanwhile, tho omployers of labor
are getting all thc best of it. While
tbere have been some small increases,
and taxes in spots have been doubled,
it would have been nil easier and more
"scientific" way if Brewster had
spread tho amount be expected to get
by a poll assessment aver thc banks,
the automobiles, tlie various Hues of
business enterprises, the big mining
companies, tbe owners of theatres, thc
land speculators, and, .finally, by reduction of the princely salaries thc cabinet
ministers and their over-lapping office
staffs draw. Finally, the addition of
salary appropriated by Premier Brewster would have paid several li und red
poll taxes.
While this govornment before it wns
elected, made grent protestations of being the workingman's friend, it may
havo started out thut wuy, but it lias
fallen like other governments, und is at
Delegates at Nelson Discuss
Questions Affecting
Membership
District 0 of thc Mine, Mill und Smel-
termen's International union (old W.
F. of M.), convened in annual convention at Nelson on Monday. Consideration was given to the question of furthering the movement for a "bunk to
bank" provision in tho Provincial Me-
talliferous Mines Act; tbe prevention
of dust and danger to employees from
contact with trolley lines; improved
mine inspection; un eight-hour law for
smelter workers, and improved sanitary
conditions in bunkhouses und other
buildings ut the mines.
Opposition was expressed by President Roberts to thc proposal of the provincial Workmen's Compensation board
that tho scale of compensation to dependents or Orientals should be reduced. He quoted thc famous Krutz case,
in which the right to compensntion of
non-resident alien dependents was established, and mentioned the fact that
if discrimination ngninst Orientals were
made, it might be extended to other
classes of tabor.
President Roberts, Silverton, defended tho miners against charges of lack
of democracy broached by the Butte insurgents, nnd declared: "It behooves,
us to resent'in no uncertain manner
this campaign of slander carried on by
the so-called Industrial Worwcrs of
tlie World."
Toilers of the Dominion Expect Vigorous and Militant Action
THE THIRTY -THIRD annual convention of the Trade*
and Labor Congress of Canada
will meet in the oity of Ottawa on
Monday, Sept. 17* The ayes oi
the workers will be hopefully directed to the dcliberationa'of the
convention, with the expectation
that the attitude already taken
by organized labor throtiiftout tha
Dominion in regard to all questions growing out of the war, will
be reaffirmed aiid auch further recommendations . offered as thto
highest and best interest bf a progressive and militant labor movement demands.
It is but fair to say that the Canadian Labor movement has not willingly
surrendered any of Labor's privileges
to the forces of reaction, on account of
the specious sophistries of politicians
and war boosters.
The attitude assumed by the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada hw* been
an eminently sane one, from tbe stand*
point of Labor and democracy/ ever
since the war broke oat.
It. has not temporised with conscript
slavery, but through its officials bas
openly and emphatically condemned It*
Its.attitude in regard to wealth conscription for war purposes has been unequivocally stated as that of being emphatically in favor of it ddwiT to"the
last fathing, if necessary.
Taken aU round, and upon all options of consequence to the workert,
the attitude of Chilian organised
labor has been in striking eontradistlne-
tlon to that of the United States.
It has been marked with no spirit bf
truckling to reactionary governmental
tendencies.
It has not been swerved from progressive and militant lines by the patronising sophistries of .willy jwUtteJaaj*
It has not been carried off its feet .'
by the intoxication of machine made
patriotism.
It has remained eminently sane in
the face of this world fury of blood and
slaughter, quite willing to do ItB part
in making the world safe for capitalism
against feudalism, bjt steadily refusing
to voluntarily surrender any of the
bard-won privileges that the workers
huve wrung from the past.
The Federutionist expects that the
convention will mark time for the
Labor movement of this western continent, by the re-nffirmntion of a vigorous,
militant, and progressive policy of
warfare against the political and economic regime of feudal and capitalist autocrats, that has thrown the world into *
the present holocaust.
Discussing the probnblo deliberations
of tbe convention, the NbrtbweBt
Worker suys:
"All eyes of the workers of the
United States should be directed to tbe
i forthcoming convention of the Trades
land Labor Congress of Cnnndn, which
will be held in Ottuwa on September
17. Canada has defeated conscription
temporarily mninly through the courageous defiance of the labor lenders, who
represented the rank and (lie in their -
opposition to compulsory service.
"The campaign for the conscription
of weulth really means something in
Canada, because the labor leaders are,
indeed, working to bring It about. Other
important matters will be discussed at
tbe convention.
"Ottawa hns been the Storm centre
of tho most momentous period in the
history of Canada in which n significant pnrt was taken by the labor movement, to its eternal credit.
"It is believed that the sossion will
bc fruitful of beneficial results, not
only to the labor movement of Canada,
but to that of tbe United States, whicb
will meet In convention two months
Inter.''
8HEET METAL MEN
MIGHT MEET HERE
Northwest Council of Organisations
Hay Accept Vanconver
Men's Invitation.
The local Sheet Metal Workers' have
invited the Northwest District council
to hold its convention on September 30
in this city, und there is a good prospect that the invitation will be accepted, though Sent tie was named as the
meeting place. It is believed the holding of thc convention here will have a
good effect. Tbere will be nbo.it 20 to
25 delegates in attendance, representing
tho organizations of Portland, Taeoma,
Seattle, Everett, Victoria and Vancouver.
Drug Clerks Organise.
At a meeting of drug clerks last Sunday, eighteen joined the Betail Clerks'
union. Tlie drug clerics, because Sundays are their only days off, will meet
on that day. As many of them ns may
get off on week days will attond the
Hetnll Clerks' union.
twos of the farmer, a tux on theatre!the beck und calf of"corporation '"tor
tickets, were sotoe of tho "scientific" CBts, '
Reciprocity,
_    A simple and effective method of
assisting in thc publication nnd usefulness of Tho Federationist is ta patronize its advertisers and tell them why.
_    Ask to be served by a union clerk
and  insist  upon  union-labelled  goods.
<J    Costs little—helps a lot.     Try   it.
"Jimmio" Koblson in California.
"Jimmie" Itobison, an old-time official af the Brotherhood of Carpenters,
is now snugly located at Pacolmn, Los
Angeles, Cal., in search of health. In
nn itneresting lottcr to Tbe Fedcrntion-
ist, "Jimmio" bas much to say covering working nud other conditions In
tbe alleged "land of the free." "Jimmie V friends, and they are legion in
Vancouver, are invited to come in and
read the message It is good, too live
for publication, even in this great fart-
fly journal,
'Whether labor is holy or Oj holy
terror thore remains the fact that under
the presont industrial system the Idlers
are tbo socially elect, admired, fawned
upon and envied while the workers aro
saeial outcasts, the recipients of tho
crumbs from the tabic of the idlers." | PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
..September 14, 1917
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WS OUABANTEE TO OIVE TOU BATISP ACTION-GIVE US A CALL
FULL DETAILS OF
El
Workingmen Will Bear the
Burden and Profiteers
Run Canada
A Long List of Exemption
Excuses Gives Chance
for Favoritism
The conscription details furnish much
food for thought among laboring men,
who under the plans of the Borden government to conscript manhood only, and
let the profiteers continuo their neck'
loss disregard of the individual, will
bear tho burden if the Borden crowd
gets away with it.
The men who are liable to be cnlled
out will consist of six classes, as follows:
Class 1, Thoso who have attained the
ago of twenty ye'ars and were born not
earlier than the year 1883, and are unmarried, or are widowers but have no
child.
Class 2. Thoso who have attained
the age of twenty years and were born
not -earlier than the year 1883 and are
married, or are widowers who have a
child or children.
'Class 3. Those who wero born iu the
years 1876 to 1882, both inclusive, and
are unmarried, or are widowers who
have no child.
Class 4. Those who were born in tbe
years 1876 to 1882, both inclusive, and
nre married or are widowers who have
a child or children.
Class 5. Those who were born in the
years 1872 to 1875, both inclusive, and
are unmarried, or are widowers who
have no child.
Class 6. Those who were born In the
years 1872 to 1875, both inclusive, and
who are married, or are widowers who
have a child or children.
(2) For the purpose of this section,
any man married after the sixth day of
July, 1917, shall be deemed to be unmarried.    •
(3) Any class, except class 1, shall
include taen who are transferred there*
to from another class, and mea who
have come within clnss 1 since the pre
vious class was called out.
Order of Calling Out.
(4) The order in which the classes
are described ia this section Bhall be
the order ia which they may be called
out on active service, provided the governor-in-council may divide any claas
into subsclasscs, iq which case the subclasses shall bo called out in order of
age beginning with tho youngest.
_ ■ The Act stipulates that any mau who
is called out and who, without reasonable excuse, fails to report when called
upon, shnll be guilty of an offence and
shall be liable on summary conviction
to imprisonment for any term not exceeding five years, with hard labor.
Exemptions..
Men called on by the draft may secure 'exemption from service on the following grounds:
(2) Thnt it is expedient in the national interest that the man should, instead of being employed in military service, be engaged in other work in whicU
he is habitually engaged.
(2) That it is expedient in the national interest that the man should, instead of being employed in military service, be engaged in other work in which
ho wishes to be engaged and for which
he has special qualifications.
(3) Thnt it is expedient in the national interest that, instead of being
employed in military service, he should
continue to be educated or trained for
any work for which he is then being
educated or trained.
(4) That serious hardship would ensue if tho man were placed on active
service, owing to his exceptional financial or business obligations or domestic
position.
(5) Ill-health or infirmity.
Conscientious Objectors.
(6) That he conscientiously objects
to the undertaking of combatant service and is prohibited from so doing by
the tenets and articles, of faith, in effect on July (J 1917, of any orgaaized
religious denomination existing and
well recognized in Canada at such date,
and to which he in good faith belongs.
A certificate ot> exemption, the Act
specifies, may be conditional as to time
or otherwise and, if granted solely on
conscientious grounds, shall state that
such exemption is from combatant service only. If granted on the ground
of continuance of education or training,
or on the ground of exceptional financial or business obligations, or domestic position, it shall,be conditional only.
A certificate may transfer a mnn to the
class next in numerical order. No certificate will be conditional upon a person to whom it is granted continuing
in or entering into employment under
nny specified employer, or in nny specified place or establishment. The certificate must bc produced whenever asked for 1)y persons in authority, and
anyone who fails to comply with this
will bc liable to a fine not exceeding
$100 or to itnuprisonment for not more
thau a year.
Suppression of Papers,
Newspapers, books, periodicals, pamphlets or printed publication who oppose thc Act are liable to immediate
suppression and thoso responsible are
liable to fine or imprisonment.
Thc exceptions are enumerated as
follows: Men who hold a certificate under this Act nnd in force, other thnn a
certificate of exemption from combatant service only; members of the regular, reserve or auxiliary forces, and
other military forcos; members of tho
royal navy or thc royal mnrineB, or the
naval service of Canada, and members
of the C. E. F.; men who have Binco
August 4, ]914f,sorvied in the military
or naVal forces of Gront Britain or her
Allies in any theatre of actual war and
have' boen honorably discharged therefrom.
The clergy, including members nf nny
recognized onler of an exclusively religious character, and ministers of nil
religious denominations existing in
Canada at the date of the passing of
the Act, aro also excepted from tho operation of tho Act, as well as tfioso persons excepted from military service by
ordor-ln-coancil of August 13,1873, and
December 6, 1808.
New 8. D. P. Organiser Named.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I have
just been apopintcd Dominion organizer
for the Social Democratic Party and
as soon as arrangements are completed,
will begin,a tour. All secretaries of
locals, and independent socialists hi
unorganised districts who aro anxious
to see the organization and direction of
their forces, are iavited to write Geo.
F, Stirling, imodiately in ordor to arrange for meetings throughout the
province. Every day ns the capitalist
governments squirm and writhe under
the destruction which thoy have pulled
■upon themselves; every day as .their
unnegotiable negotiations proceed with
unerring steps towards chaos, it be
comes more and more apparent that the
social revolution is upon us.
Our comrades in .Russia have made
a stand against imperialism; against
tho machinations of politicians;
against the greed of ambitious potentates; and tbe heartless profiteering of
capitalists. In Italy and France and
Great Britain, the power of the Soeial
Democracy is growing bo rapidly that
its bitterest foes are now mouthing
phrases about Liberty and Democracy.'
In Canada our forces have been disorganized since tho outbreak of the
war, with the result that our rulers
have passed the iniquitous conscription
measure in flagrant contempt of the
wishes of the majority, fastening upon
us that very tyranny against which we
are said to be at war! And now they
are about to venture one step further
with their perfidious legislation by introducing the military voting bill. In
this bill it is intended all soldiers in
the Canadian forces shall vote and
shall tell us how we shall be ruled,
These soldiers include adventurous
Americans who came over to join up
for the fun of the thing, Britishers
who came over to Canada to enlist in
order to get the higher pay, and tens
of thousands of others who have only
resided a few weeks in this country
and know nothing, of our affairs.
Organization Is imperative. Talk it
over with the other fellow at once. De
cide that it is practicable and desirable
and write without delay to
GEORGE F. STIRLING,
ftaral Route No. 2,
Salmon Arm, B. C.
Sept. 10, 1917.
Our Duty in Canada and the Whole
North American Continent.
Editor B, C. Federationist: I speak
from pure motives as taught from ob*
servation of conditions as we see plain'
ly that taking advantage of the terrible war, by profits made out of every
branch of labor, the most excessive
cost of living ever known in the history of the world. We are classed1 as
a democratic or representative government, directed by the sentiment of
the majority of the people. We hear a
great deal about loyalty, patriotism,
liberty, Three words with great meaning, if truly defined. Are we loyal to
our own homes, or to class legislators,
with liberty to make the working man
with a family a Blave. Our government
or the party holding poyer by an extension pnBtfft by themselveB: When
their lease of office expired September,
1916, as per the standard law of Canada, with their self lease of power,
have passed a conscription militia act,
compulsion of man-power, without any
voice from the people. They claim the
right to enforce We will not diBpute
here. My own opinion is that it has a
German smell. If they demand con
trol of our man-power, we surely have
some sny about the price, and have
thc right to demand seme' of the profits
made out of man's labor, now controlled by tho corporations, especially our
present banking, money controllers
(which is the regulator), and have the
liberty to charge us whatever they
choose for our food and living. It
seems to me this gigantic monopoly is
one aad the eame party. The stock
holders in our practical chartered
banks, they are very much the same
parties in all our large profit-making
companies, who mako the rate of interest, banking laws and, I think, the
price of food. * The farmers' price Is
nothing compared with the gamblers'
firofit. Now comes the question. Sure-
y, if they ore half sports, they wont
find fault if we play some of the
tricks in the game that they have en*
gaged in, by conscripting a part of the
profits made out of the market we make
ourselves by having to eat food and
wear clothes, both we and the families
of boys and girls we have raised, to
win the war and liberty and rights for
the Allies, and also to the French-
Canadian who is faithful and loyal,
which they will show iu the near future, aB true, loyal and willing to help
as anyone. You will flnd fewer idle
men around pool rooms and lounging
flaces in the province of Quebec, than
n any other province in our Dominion.
They are a working people in working
hours. If conscription comes to demand ten cents per hour advance on
every department of labor omitting
the farming only) for mnn and woman
in both thc United StateB and Canada,
and mnke it general from stem to
stern; do not blame the people for
acting without permission; it is the
examplo you have taught us. You did
not consider us, even ask us for an
opinion, but acted the same as the
kaiser does—to gratify his own selfish
ends. I like the man who sticks to the
law himself before he* tries to enforce
it on others; nnd because wo ask for
tho law to bo administered rightly to
all parties, wc arc challenged as op-
possed to conscription, called traitors,
rebolB, and slackers. Those are not
found in thc real working 'class, but
are found to be quite numerous among
mnny of those who arc drawing good
salaries in our government eriiploy. I
say, without hesitation, that as far as
our information comes from the press
and records ever since the war started,
our fine mnn at the head, and leader
of the Liberal party, has stood firm to
thc law. us directed by the British
North American Act, joined with the
Confederation Act, which the party
government at present are dissenting
from to destroy the harmony that the
united peoplo of Canada, in 1867, de-
cidod ns tho standard law of our Dominion, and has never boen amended.
Ceorcioii cnn work both ways. The
smallest animal when cornered will
fight back. So we are similarly placed.
Wc will win the war and do our bit
as wc have in the pas^, but not to win
to give our countrv nnd homes into
conspired money-brokers in Canada.
,\A. N. C.
Vancouver, B. C, 4ug. 30, 1917.
Onr XdMli.
Editor B. C. Federationist: To place before
you tho Ideals of that great multitude ef people who bolong to the working class (and in
mr opinion the honor of belonging to the
working class is equal to the highest Tank
that cail be attained in this life), ia a task
far beyond the ability of any individual to
do with anything approaching justice. When
we talk of those people who are dependent
on their labor to provide thom with the necessities, wa do not mean just those who belong to the Entente Alliance, but in the
broad Bweep of oar vision wo include those
who belong to the nations with whom we are
at war. \Vo draw aside the curtain which a
political press places over the doings of our
fellowworkiimn. Wo can see them struggling
from dawn till dark and through the night
under circumstances that are pitiable In the
extreme for our destruction, just as we on
thia Bide are working for thejrs. What Is
going to bo the result of this awful carnage!
Ono of our Ideals is to find if possiblo a
moans wherby lt can bo stopped Politicians
Bay more reinforcements will do it, but lu
this case it Is questionable. Wars tnat have
raged the world ovor in ngos gono by, lasted
as a rulo until ono sido or tho other became
exhausted, but In this caso thore are many
millions in the field and from what wo workingmen can see, tho resources uf each side
are bo great, that they can supply the necessary fuel or human bodies to keep tho Arcs
of battle raging until both sides become exhausted. We know the Russian peasants aro
being driven to the buttle field, tho Austrians aro anxious for peace, and from the
gleanings we aro allowed to rend from tbe
German pri.su, thore Is a strong element for
peace in that country. If ono side were to
win over tho other, as far as wo workingmen
are concerned, it would only stimulate oppression. Why not find n basis of settlement, instead of when peace Is mentioned between the belligerents adopting a position
where it Ib Impossiblo to approach one another within reason. We want our share of
the joys and benefits of life. It Is ours to
work for In tho majority of cases nothing
more than will just keep us from day to day,
and through tho profits on our labor not being equally divided, ours is just an existence.
When sickness overtakes members of our
family, we have ofton to boo them fade from
our sight becauso of lack of attention, which
can only be bought by money. Out of our
meagre earnings wo try to give our children
an education, which will fit them for their
future life. Through coming into contact at
school with those who are in more comfortable circumstances and ablo to have the
luxuries of life they come home discontented
and complaining. When a little older we
suddenly miss them from our homes, they
have gone forth in search of what we oonld
not give them, and they come back In thousands of cases broken for life. Do yqrf wonder if one of our Ideals is to remedy this
situation I Labor has been in the past and
now is an article of merchandise, something
to be bought and aold in tho cheapest market. In the mad rush of capitalists to control labor for their own personal benefit,
thousands of lives have been sacrificed. Present conditions all over the world point to
this fact, that labor, which has been bo badly
abused, la beginning to roalUe somo little of
Ub mighty strength. The giant which has
allowed others to bulldoze him at will, Is putting on the armor of organised might, and
when the real shock of battle comes, there is
no other earthly force which will be able to
withstand his onslaught. Some of ub are
familiar with the thought that deeds will be
committed which will not bring honor to the
cause of labor. We cannot wholly blame the
men who commit them, for we know how this
so-called system of civilization bas beaten
and torn them until all thoughts except revenge has been taken away from them. We
want to surround these men with those things
that will broaden their ontlook upon life. So
alter the laws of the land that they will have
equal opportunity. Show them that thoy can
be men equal to the best and help them to
feel that the world Ib not altogether the hard,
cruel outfit which tt ao onen appears to be.
We are going to enter the political arena. In
the past, our province has been sold and
bartered for, as the old book puts it, "A
mess of pottage." Those who should have
been guiding the ship of state for the benefit
bf the people, have allowed It to drift until
It Is in danger of being wrecked. The public have lost confidence in the two different
crews who have come before them with the
best of characters as to ability, but when
they have been placed In the position where
It has been necessary to practice what they
preached, have failed miserably. There. Ib
only one remedy, and that Ib to fire the
bunch of them, and take on a new crew.
Olve those that produce the wealth an opportunity to distribute lt. We want government
control of markets, and prices so fixed, that
the commodities we need for oar existence
can be purchased, withoiit-rarrying one-third
of the province on stolen profits. We could
mention a host of reforms that are necessary,
but we' would have you bear this in mind,
that our political aim will not be personal
gain, bnt rather that the othor fellow will
have his just reward for lahor done, and all
the financial transactions connected with civil
government to be open to tho publio gase.
When talking of Ideals, the mind naturally
turns to things spiritual. The churches of
the present age are Badly put about because
of tho largo number of workingmen who
never darken their doors. I am sorry to note
that bb a result of not complying with their
regulations, we have been consigned to various degroes of punishment. There is ono
thing wo workingmen value and that is freedom of thought and action. We live In an
age that calls for deeds not words, and the
present system of church life consists of
words. Our Ideals along this line Is to so
live that we may be the best our manhood
will allow. Never forgetting our neighbor
has just bb much right to the benefits of life
as we have. Some of us may dony tbe existence of a Supreme Power, but we recognise this fact that we are wonderfully made,
and the bountiful provision tbat nature has
made for ub points to a perfection somewhere
of which we know vory little about. We can
only do our best as men and women of limited possibilities, taking upon oor shoulders
the rsponslbillty of our actions.
ONE OP THE BUNCH.
Victoria, Aug. 80, 1917.
And, by tlw way, have you noticed
Canada's nobilityl What Btrong con-
scriptionistB they have become! Is
there a reasonf
The Dentist and the Public
By W. J. CURRY, 301 Dominion Building
[SERIES .III.]
i| Last week I cited a caso of which a working man with cash and
confidence became the victim of a "guaranteed" set of gold teeth,* and
it is true that nine-tenthB of the glittering adornments which glare at
you from mouths of every walk of life are the result of the conflict of
interests today existing between the dentist and the public. But there
is another side to human nature.
_ This week I met a young man so lacking in business principles that
ho had spent soveral hours that day in working for a family of* children,
too poor to |my for hiB services as a dental surgeon. He did this in
order to save them suffering.
4] These two cases represent two sides of huhian nature, und the two
great conflicting forceB operating in human Bociety. One ends in discord and degradation; tho other stands for social harmony and progress.
The flrst represents tho "rule of gold"; the second, the golden rule.
_ Walt Whitman, the poet of the larger self, Bays something liko this:
"By God,'I will take advantage of no man's igaoranco or■ misfortune.
I will accept nothing. I will not give to every other mnn, on equal
terms."
fl   Whitman was a "failure"   He died poor.   So did Jesus and othors.
fl David Harum expressed the "practical," hard-headed business
ability, such as is today managing world policies.   He said:
fl   "Do tho other feller as ho would do you, only do him flrst."
fl Tho high cost of living, tbe struggle In the field of labor and sweat
shop are based on David's policy. Human life and happiness aro cheap
today. Ten thousand men and boys are being daily flung to machine
guns and shrapnel to be mangled into carrion, in a flght over territory
and trade, This price is low in the opinion of the "patriots," the
profiteers, and their politioel puppets who control and applaud the game
from a safe distance.
fl This conflict of interest is seen everywhere. Did you ever know a
lawyer but who would encourage) litigation even when he knew tho case
was hopeless, providing you had the price!
fl A flew years ago I talked to the Medical Superintendent of a Public
Hospital. This gentleman deplored the hypocrisy and imposition exercised in his profession, and' the financial nexus between tho doctor and
the public. He related a case in which a young surgeon operated for
appondicitis for a fee of $400 on a boy who was simply suffering from
a common stomach ache, but the surgeon made the boy's mother believe
the case was desperate, becauso she had the price, whereas it was only
the doctor's financial condition that was serious. The doctor is more
dangerous than the dentist.
fl What does the average man or woman know of their conditions and
requirements when they consult a medical man or a dental surgeont
Economic pressure often mokes men and women into crooks aad intersex
and mental prostitutes.   Henry Georgo understood this when he said:
fl "Poverty is the open-mouthed, relentless hell, which yawns in front
of modern society, and men to escape that bell and protect their loved
ones often do mean, contemptible, nnd dishonest things."
fl But economic pressure affects tho millionaire also, as well as the
pauper, or professiooal classes, and the millionaire has more power to
crab and rob the public, in fact, that is how millionaires are* made.
fl Some years ago I read a book entitled "Who Lies?" showing that
strict honesty is today incompatible with financial success or "respectability."
fl A doctor, lawyer, clergyman, professor and editor met at lunch and
to settle a dispute and social problem each agreed to be strictly open
and honest in all their business and social relations for the next thirty
days. Tbey agreed at the end of that period to meet and report. At
the appointed time they met, wiser and sadder men.
fl The lawyer had lost his job; the preacher had been fired by the
"money-changers" and "elderly ladies'' who controlled his church—and
was on trial for heresy. The doctor had grievously offended somo of
his best-paying pationtB by telling them the truth regarding the cost
of "high living." The oditor had retired from politics and1 had lost
some of his best-paying advertising because of his^editorials; while the
professor of sociology had been expelled by the financial pillars who
supported his college and was looking for another job.
fl Ndwriit is not that we do not prefer truth to deceit. It is not that
we prefer to see men and women and children ill-clad and miserable; it
is entirely because of the individualistic and competitive system under
which we make our living, beca'use our material interests today, conflict
with the interests of others and because self-preservation is tbe first law
of nature,
fl In dentistry, this may lead to gold caps on sound,teeth; in surgery
to the operating table and on to the undertaker. In law it may lead to
the penitentiary, sometimes to judgeship and knighthood; and in high
finance it has led to bloody warfare and revolution. History shows us
that in the past it has resulted in the decay and death of empires and
races.   Which way are we going today? "
fl Next week I will suggest changes necessary in order that medicine
and dentistry may be placed on a truly ethical basis.
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"Collect" ORI0IA&   PAPEB   VASOOUVES
TBADBS  ADQ  LABOB   COUNOI1
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
NINTH YEAR.   No. 37
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 14,1917
(la TuMmt\
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782 OranviUe Stntt Seymonr 7013
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MONET TO LOAN
8*7 Seymow St Phon* Stymour IBS
I CONVENTION AS
Evidence that the Working
Class Jinx Has Not
Been Idle
Opportune Time to Wield
the Political Weapon
Effectively
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I;, B. 0.,
Sept. 10.—The memorable convention
of the B. O. Federation of Labor has
come and gone, and the representatives
of the Canadian Junkers are still guessing. The thoughts of a general cessation of profit-making certainly gives
the plute palpitation of the heart. The
convention was opened on Monday
morning by J. Kavanagh, president of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
and, in his remarks, he mentioned the
fact of past conventions being addressed by civic officials, etc., and the "freedom of the city?' being given to the
delegates. He drew attention to the
absence of civic "addreBBes of welcome/' due, as he said, to the purpose
for which the convention was called.
(Possibly the only free Institution left
to the worker being the jail.) He
dwelt upon the conditions of slavery
under capitalism and said that con*
scription would give birth to a more
degraded system of slavery, and, in his
opinion, the beBt way to flght conscription was to do nothing, effectively.
He then turned over the gavel to
"Joe" Naylor, the president of the
federation, who gave a short address
and made, a special plea for freedom to
be given to any delegate who happened to express ideas that were- opposed
by a majority.
The executive then presented its report, which had taken several hours
of deliberation on Sunday and the
morning of the convention.
Efficient methods Were provided to
deal with hoodlums who take a pleasure in trying to break up some meetings. /
The clauses of the executive's report,
dealing with the admission of the press,
and bona fide members of the working
class movement, were adopted without
comment.
The main items of the executive's report caused quite a lot of discussion.
Several motions were made dealing
with the general strike and an alternative proposition waB put up by the
executive to run candidates for the
Dominion election on the anti-conscription issue. It was finally decided to
discuss the two propositions separately.
Tbe , discussion which followed
brought out the ideas of the delegates
on the subject, and showed very plainly that either no ono favored conscription, or, if they did, they hadn't the
cournge of their.convictions.
A delegate from tho Shipwrights'
mnde the opon confession that his organization was not interested enough
in the general strike to vote against
it. He thought the movement was so
permeated with patriotism that the
general strike could not be made effective. '
The figures on the vote were given
and showed very plainly that the working class jinx—apathy—haB been working overtime.
The fact was brought out that a
general strike ut this time would have
a tendency to remove some of the most
active members of the movement, and
a live coward (?) beatB a dead hero.
It was thought in a great many directions that in viow of tl» close proximity of a Dominion election that for
the time being a fight on the political
field would be productive of better results, while others thought-.that tho
general strike was the most effiioicnt
method, but the workers weren't quite
ready to use it.
FactB were brought out to show that
conscription was not necessary for the
purpose of providing reinforcements,
(and they are not hard to find) but
rather for the purpose of providing
cheap labor for the real enemies of the
working clnss, the profiteers.
Vice-president McVety said that he
liked the general strike as a weapon,
using as his reason a very logical onc,
i.e., the thought of it alone bred consternation in tho ranks of the houso
of have. He quoted statements of several prominent conscriptionists showing very plainly that the goal of the
conscription howlers is industrial conscription, so that they can tell the
worker to either accept thc wages they
(tho masters) determine, or go to
France, all samo the Kuiisuy workers
in Scotland. James H, would still
leave the power to call the general
strike in tho hands of the executive,
so thnt it could hang, like the sword
of Damocles, over the headB of the
hungry profiteers, and perhaps prevent
them from getting too gay.
Secretary Wells was of the opinion
that the general strike was a national
problem and should emanate from the
TradeB aad Labor Congress. He depicted some of the horrors of industrial conscription, as practiced in other
countries. Those of ub who are fortun-
ato enough to obtain ono of the verbatim English papers occasionally
fully realize that those horrors are no
pipe-dream.
Vice-president Goodwin declnred himself, in unmistakable terms, ds a member of a dispossessed class, having
nothing in common with a robber class,
who cnguged in wars without consulting the worker. Ho waraed the robber class through their mouthpieces,
tho capitalist press, tbat Quebec was
not tho only provinco opposing conscription, but that there is a force lying dormant throughout the length and
breadth of Canada.
Delegate Simmonda emphasized the
necessity of lining up the workerB of
the basic industries to fight the menace
of industrial conacription.
The opening of tho afternoon session
wns marked by the moving of a resolution, having for ita object the taking
of another referendum on the general
strike. This wna moved by a delegate
from the organization that would not
PEED. KNOWLES
Financial aeoretary and statistician of Van*
couver Trades and Labor council, a delegate from the Letter Carriers' association,
who left last Monday evening to attend
the Ottawa convention of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, which opens in
the federal Capital City on Monday morning next, as representative for western
Canada of the Federated Association of
Letter Carriers,
LETTER CARRIERS
IN LIVE SESSION
Delegate'Knowles Away to
Ottawa Convention of
T. and L. C. of C.
The regular monthly meeting of the
Letter Carriers' Association wns held
in Labor Temple, Friday, Sept. 7, a fair
number of membera being present.
Four new temporary members were initiated by President Cook.
A resolution from the Calgary
branch, asking for support in advocating the placing of a levy on the entire
membership, for the purpose of assisting the imprisoned members of the
United Association of Plumbers and
Steamfltters, and further asking, that
the western representatives to Trades
and Labor CongresB of Cnnada, be instructed to Bupport a resolution advocating the placing of a similar levy on
all organizations affiliated with the
congress. Delegate was instructed to
use hia own discretion.
Considerable discussion ensued over
the attitude adopted.,by the local
branch of the Postal Clerks' Association, prior to, and during the negotiations which culminated in the holding
of the recently-held mass-meeting.
A resolution was adopted, prohibiting the executive of the local Letter
Carriers' Association from negotiating
with the local Postal Clerks' Association on any matter, unless given permission to do so, by the Carriers' in
meeting assembled.
Del. Knowles reported on /the activities of the Trades and Labor council.
The executive instructed to interview
the postmaster re the holidays granted
to temporary employees.
The delegate to the Trades and Lnbor Congress was instructed to get into
touch with H. H, Stevens, M.P., and
make a further attempt to get the
problem of tho street car transportation trouble solved.
Next meeting, Friday, Oct. 5, when
it is expected the delegate to Trades
and Labor CongresB convention at Ottawa, will report on the activities of
that body.
F. K.
vote on the previous resolution. Needless to Bay, this resolution met with the
samo fate from the convention that the
local that moved it accorded to the
general strike referendum. It was
ditched.
President Naylor took tho floor and
stated that he was in favor of the general strike being called when the returns of the referendum were received
and was in favor of tho executive retaining tho power to call a strike whenever conditions arose to mnko it imperative. He thought tha>t at somo future date conditions might arise thut
would cause present opponentB to
change their minds and advocate the
use of the strike as a weapon. He
hoped that a basis of agreement could
be arrived at between the industrial
and political movements, so thut there
would be no clashes ou the political
field between the two movemenis. He
expressed his determination to try to
bring about harmonious relations.
Upon the voto being taken the executive recommendation to enter tho political arena was sustained by a vote of
50 to 8, with three delegates not voting.
In connection with, the debnto upon
the question of rival working class
parties, tho convention wns asked, and
granted thc floor to Comrnde Pritchard
of the S. P. of C, to give his views on
the co-operation of his party on the
aati-conscription issue. It being found
that Pritchard was absent, thc convention "carried on."
A motion wns moved nsking for n
definition of what Bhould constitute u
working class candidate. The convention decided to leave the question open.
A motion favoring peace without indemnity or annexation was tabled till
the next convention.
On motion of Del. Cottrell, who considered that the working man had no
country to annex. Miss Gutteridge addressed tho convention briefly on the
necessity of organizntion work amongst
the women, and showed how the junkers were getting hold of the women
and poisoning-their minds, with the object of procuring a source of cheap lubor. She dwelt oa* the fact of Borden
refusing women the vote, on the
grounds of his being afraid of an adverse vote on conscription. Tbis was
in line with the policy of attempting
to disfranchise conscientious objectors
et al. Wouldn't the Conservatives have
a picnic if they could disfranchise thc
LibcAtls aud vice versa.
Thua ended thc moBt memorable con-
| vention  of   the  B. C. F. of L.f   und
10 PAYS I BILL
FOR FISHERIES
Salmon Commission Spent
Weeks in Inquiry at
Big Expense
Will Public Have to Stand
for More Money Thrown
Away by Politicians
What has (become of the fisheries
commission? Have they gone, or are
they still hanging around? This commission came here several weeks ago,
took a lot of "evidence" in the board
of trade rooms, took a long jaunt along
the coaat up as far bb Prince Bupert,
took more evidence there, returned to
Vancouver and took some more, and
then hung around for a considerable
time.
At whose expense?
The cannerymen who will profit by
the commission's decision?
Certainly not.
Whose expense, then?
Why, who should be expected to pay
for a so-called investigation on behalf
of the cannerymen but the great Canadian public. A very foolish question
in these daya of commissions. The government would never rely -apon ita
horde of inspectors, patrolmen, etc., to
make reports upon the same subjects
under "investigation." That would
never do for several reasons. The first
reason is that the men holding such
jobs are political appointees and the
government has acted as if Ottawa
did not put much faith in these men.
Another reason is that tbe system of
"royal" commissions is 'fine for placing politicians and paying off debts
for political service.
Anyway, be that as it may, this com-
mission, headed by W. Sanford Evans,
a fish expert of Winnipeg who got his
experience with flsh and fishing in
newspaper work, was the chairman,
Another t of' the commissioners was
Jones, a wholesale flsh dealer of Toronto, (It was interesting to see Jones'
eager ears wag when price probabilities, and such, were mentioned.) The
third member of the commission was
H. B. Thomson, former M.L.A. for Victoria, whip in the Bowser government
and all round sOrt of politician.
It will be interesting to note how
much this contmisBion is coating. It
would also be deeply interesting to
taxpayers to know how long it is going
to fast. The public of Vancouver well
remembers the "Indian" commission
which lasted some years and cost the
province and Dominion who went
fifty-fifty on it, a half-million dollars
or bo. The commissioners weren't Indians, but Bome of them acted like it
occasionally. It is hoped the fisheries
commission will wind up soon, at little
cost to the people, for what with the
numerous taxes, and gcncrul increases
of everything all round, it is about
time the governments let up.
And after the commission has reported its long, tedious record, it will bo
shown that the whole fault with the
fisheries business on tbis coast lies with
the cannerymen themselves, though the
commission won't sny so. It wns noticed that every last canneryman giving evidence before the commission wns
jealous of thc other onc. They arc evidently after every last salmon In "the
ocean. And they all told a different story. It wns the most rcmarkoble
exhibition of disorganization ever seen
for n lot of men who it is strongly suspected have decided on a certain price
to be paid to the fiahormtri, They
seemed all agreed upon thc price that
ought to be pnid for fish, but ns to
whether there should be trup licenses
or not, or seine licenses, etc., they were
running wild, bo to speak, for ench
desires, evidently, the best of the other.
Some were so bold as to sny politics
iaterfered with the business. Surprising! Is there a p.iblic resource business politics does not interfere in? The
surprise was in a canneryman making
the accusation. However, it. turned
out thnt his particular toes hnd bc«n
stepped on, while the cannerymen who
smiled at thc assertion, .no doubt were
the ones who benefitted wben the
other's toes were hurt.
And so it goes.
While theBe cannerymen were making their compluints, guardedly aimed
ut one another, the commission was
sitting nt public expense, and the public wus paying for thc fiddling.
The Fedcrntionist would suggest that
the expense of royal commissions lie
charged ngninst the particular lines of
endeavor "royal commissioned." For
nstunce, charge the cost of this canned
commission up to thc cannerymen.
There wouldn 't bc quite so many commissions running about thun.
Canada's Official Peace Casualties.
According to the industrial accident
record of the federal Department of
Labor, for the month of July, there
were 132 fatal accidents, un increase of
73 as compared with June, nnd an.in-
crciiHe of 58 us compared with July,
l!)l(i. On July 25, a mining disaster at
No. 12 colliery of the Dominion Coal
compnny, ut New Wntcrford, N. 8.,
caused the deaths of 05 coul mine employees. On July 21 seven loggers lost
their lives in a bush fine in tho Crow's
Nest Pass district of British Columbia.
If freedom is the portion of those
wbo arc compelled to work for others
and accept what those who employ
them see Jit to allow them for their services, what would constitute real slavery?
thanks to tho action of thc executive
in preventing hoodlumism, there were
no "overt acts." However, the proof
of the pudding is in the eating, mid it
is to be hoped that in this, the hour of
its need, Labor will arouse from its
age-long slumber, and help carry on tho
policies laid down by this Labor Dny
convention, this policy being ensier to
carry out than a general strike. If
necessary, instend of going on strike
for several days, let each givo u portion of one day's pay toward financing
the election cumpaignB of anti-conscrip-
| tion cundidatea.
'We Hake All We Bell-
"We Sell AU We Hake
.Women's and Misses'
Fall Suits
—Strictly man-tailored in our own
work-rooms—of Serges, Velours, Oxfords,   Broadcloths,   and   Gabardines.
Colors of Toupe, Brown, Green,
Purple, Black and the New  Blues—
$20, $23.90
$25 to $45
Ladywaro guarantees a PEBFECT
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here on the premises.
The Autumn styles nre very smart,
aud find fullest expression here.
564 GRANVILLE STREET
OPPOSITE DBYSDALE'B
iJattorituj
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Stylo Mt
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»18.0ffto 140.00
THOMAS & McBAIN
855 GRANVILLE STBBIT
Sole Agents for Vancouver
AN ALL DAY CRUISE
AMONG THE
BEAUTIFUL
MOUNTAINS  OF
HOWE  SOUND
\%
S.B. Ballena
Steamers leave Union Dock dally at 9:15 a.m..  Sunday at 10:30 a.m. for
Bowen Island, Britannia Mirtes, Squamish and wny points, returning at
7:30 p.m.
MEALS ON BOARD
Ou Saturdays a Steamer leaves Union Dock at 2:00 p.m. for Bowen
Island direct, returning from Bowen Island at 6:30 a.m.  on Monday.
With our good Hotel Service this makes a delightful week end.
SUNDAY SPECIAL—ALL POINTS $1.00 RETURN TRIP
Terminal Steam Navigation Company, Ltd.
UNION POOH; take car to OolnIBS9.0BS9 '*»S anotut      wnwiy *tqm
Ho! For a Fall
Fishing Trip
The trout are biting on the Serpentine,
Nicomekl and Vedder rivers—along the
Fraser Valley line of the B. C. Electric.
Why not spend a day or a week-end on
these easily and cheaply-reached streams?
For the Serpentine and Nicomekl, take the
Jardine local, leaving Carrall street station
at 6:30 a.m. (Sundays at 6:50) and get off
at McLellan and Meridian respectively.
For the Vedder, take Chilliwack train to
Sardis. It is then two-and-a-half miles by
auto to Vedder Crossing Inn, which can be
covered by Auto for 50 cents a head. We
will arrange accommodation and stage for
you.
Be sure and take a copy of "A Handy Ouide for
Fishermen" with you. It tells you how, where and
when to fish on these streams. Oet one at the sporting: goods dealers or at the company's offices.
For information, telephone Seymour 5000
$eS&a>ic PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY.  September H, 1917
WU
Published every Friday morning by ttae 8. 0.
Fedentlonlit, Limited
E. Farm. Pettlplece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
teriptlon: I .  . .      .
Oity, |2.00; to unions subscribing
in % body, |1.00.
REPRESENTATIVES        ___ __
New WattmlMter  .W. Titei, BojTitOgi
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria. A. S. Weill, Box 1S88
"Unity of Labor:   the Hope of tbe World'
FRIDAY September 14, 1917
ORGANIZED   LABOR  throughout
Cunada has expressed -itself most
emphatically opposed to conscription.   It has looked upon the infliction
of this infamy upon Canada as a most
sinister   and   deadly
NO PLAOE attack     upon     the
TOR A rights and privileges
LABOR MAN. of the people of this
alleged democratic
country, an attack that has beon instigated and is being ruthlessly pushed to
a conclusion by those baneful and
greedy interests in human society that
always rise to the opportunity offered
in times of war to strangle popular
liberties and regain for tyranny and
reaction that which may have been previously lost through the struggles of
the common people against their rulers
and oppressors. Enforced service,
either military or industrial, is looked
upon by the workers, and rightly so, as
the complete abnegation of all democ-
. racy and liberty, and cannot be submitted to except under most emphatic
protest. And all there ever was or
that may be possible in democracy, can
be realized and attained only by the
repudiation and complete abolition of
all that is involved in conscript Bervice, no matter whether it be for purposes of production or for purposes of
slaughter and devastation.. Conscription is deadly and repugnant to -every
wotrthy aspiration of. labor for better
conditions of existence and a greater
participation in the joys of life.
* * *
The present reactionary government
of Canada has pushed itB infamous conscription through in open and impudent
defiance of tbe ordinarily accepted rules
of common decency, ft.no.wing full well
that it could not possibly fall short of
being a most obnoxious and unpopular
measure to the vast majority of the
people of any country ai all permeated
with democratic ideas 'jig nurtured upon
democratic traditions, this precious aggregation of political talent at Ottftwa,
supinely obedient to the sordid reactionary interests that skulk in the back*
ground, has thrown all caution to the
winds and brazenly proclaimed to the
world that its professed love for and
loyalty to democracy Is a lie, and its
vapid mouthings against the terrifying
threat of mid-European autocracy nothing bnt the puling whine of a deceitful
hypocrisy. And now in order to put
the immortal cinch upon a return to
power, and with, at leaBt a legal justification for the infamy it hna inflicted
upon the Canadian people, this aggregation of unscrupulous and generally execrated political talent is busily engaged
in concocting an election law that will
be sufficiently vile to meet with the
very pressing requirements of the occasion, by making it impossible for the
•clean thinking and progressive element
of the population to pass judgment
upon the moral turpitude that1 has been
responsible for the conscription infamy.
It looks at the present moment as
though the sole qualification of the
voter will be the ability to give reasonable assurance of unqualified approval
of the infliction of the conscription infamy upon the country. With that assurance any one will be entitled to
vote, no matter whether he. she or it be
classed as citizen, subject, alien or
enemy.
* * *
So much for that. But the Conservatives are not the only politicians in the
menagerie of ruling class monkey business, who are not above doing politics
whenever the doing seems to be necessary and, therefore, called for. In the
matter of the appointing of the delightful tribunals that are to sit in judgment
upon the sorry wight, who having boen
duly seized upon as fit food for his
master's cannon, and worthy of either
being decorated with a duly designed
tag made from a melted stove" leg or
other suitable material, or of having
his name imaginatively enscribod upon
aome evanescent roll of honor, a modicum of appointments have been vouchsafed to the Liberal "opposition." And
with a delicacy and tact that is nothing short of artistic, this precious Liberal opposition, it seems, is judiciously
distributing these honorable appointments in the manner best calculated to
bring wind to the Liberal sails at the
forthcoming elections. Wn speak of
rthese appointments ns honorable ones
.for the simple reason that they are in
no manner contaminated by any finnn-
eial emoluments attached thereto. The
service upon these tribunals will bo
gratuitously rendered to n grateful
country by the recipient of tho honor
of being selectively conscripted, as it
woro, for tho lofty purpnsn of dealing
out '' British justice'' to trembling
"slackers," who have the audacity to
beg to bc excused from the manly art
of besmonring tho landscape with the
odds and ends of thoir fellow men.
#'"♦"■.♦
The Federationist is informed that
aome of those appointments to "tribunals" have been tendered to members
of organizod labor. As organized labor
has gono on record ns emphatically opposed to conscription, nnd at least ns
far as organized labor of this province
is concerned, as pledgod to take active
part in the effort to have it legally repealed and done away with in Cnnndn,
it is to bo hoped thnt no membor of
•organized labor, or any (tthcr member
of tho working class, will so far forgot
the attitude of labor in regnrd to the
conscription law as to be used as a tool
in tho carrying out of this supreme infamy against all boasted democrncy and
tfroodom. To sit upon n tribunal is to
make open acknowledgment of approval of the principle lying behind the
act. It is in tho nature of voluntary
participation in that which mnkes such
assaults upon ,thc people's liberties possible. It is hot tho province of any
working man or othor porson to openly
defy tho law nnd refuse to obey it, but
it is within tho province of ovory ono
who does not npprovo of nny law that
may bo upon the statuto books, to do
all that lies in their powor in a legal
way, to bring ubout tho repeal or alternation of such law as may in his judg
ment bo advisable. It muy be that
there are to be found among the workers those who arc possessed of ample
legal qualifications in every sense of
the word to enable tbem to deal out
ponderous judgment upon their fellows.
They may even be by nuturo equipped
with those peculiar capabilities requisite to the compounding of the compelling judicial frown nt the peculiarly
psychological moment to confound tho
guilty, but it is to be hoped their virtues may be directed into channels
more consonant with the welfare of
labor und the progress of the labor
movement thnn that of sitting as the
agents of master clnss tyranny in judgment on tho peccadillos or weaknesses
of its victims. If there are nny members of organized labor either weak
enough or thoughtless enough to fall
for that sdrt of thing, it would appear
to be the duty of their organizations to
cull them down and out. It should not
bo much of a consolation to them to
reflect upon tho probability of their being called to serve hnd there been n
legal tender emolument ntttichcd to
such service. As it is it scorns to bo
about the cheapest attempt to gnin a
littlo political support by patronizing
labor men that ever came to our notice.
Tbe Federationist hopes it will hear no
more about it.
J:
UST AS WE HAVE become almost
convinced of the truth of Mr. Samuel     Gompers'     contention     that
labor is not a commodity," we suddenly fall foul of an equally eminent
and presumably relia-
IS BOUGHT ble economic author-
AND SOLD IN ity who asserts the
A MARKET, contrary with much
emphasis. It will perhaps be remembered that Mr. Gompers'
famous dictum in regard to the non-
commodity nature of labor has also
been affirmed in that product of legislative wisdom known as the Clayton Act,
passed by the United States congress.
We believe the same opinion has also
been held upon numerous occasions by
courts that have been called upon to
pass judgment upon the legal status of
the peddler of labor, power and the nature of the disease, infirmity, idiosyn-
cracy, obsession, peculiarity, propensity, proclivity or predilection that con'
stitutes that labor powor. So overwhelming appeared the evidence in substantiation of Mr. Gompers' dogmatic
affirmation of the non-commodity nature
of labor, that it comes with something
akin to shock to flnd that learned economist most emphatically controverted
by other equally as dependable authority.
*      *      *
In the Bulletin of the United States
Bureau of Labor Statistics for July of
the current year, will be found a complete report of the proceedings of tbe
fourth annual meeting of the American
Association of Public Employment Offices, which was held at Buffalo, N. Y.,
in July, 1016. Among the many other
profound utterances of speakers upon
that auspicious occasion, the following
frota William M, Leiserson, professor
of political and social science, Toledo
university, is well worth quoting:
"Labor may be essentially different from
capital, but it Is bought and sold In the
market, and while a labor reserve board
mar have to do quite different things from
those which the money reserve board does,
the administrative organisation for dealing
with Irregular and fluctuating demands in
tho labor market will have to be similar
to the organisations that deal with fluctuations In any otber market."
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Sept. 9—Stage Employees j Musicians,
-MONDAY, Sept. 10—Amalgamated Engineers; Iron Workers;
Pattern Makers; Boilermakers;
Steam Engineers; Carpentors;
Electrical Workers.
TUESDAY, Sept 11—Stone Cutters; Pressmen; Barbers; Machinists, No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12—Metal
Trades Council; Stereotypers;
Teamsters; Street Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, Sept 13—Sheet
Metal Workers; Painters; Shipwrights and Caulkers; Machinists, No. 182; Barbers.
FRIDAY, Sept. 14—Pilo Drivers
nnd Bridgemon; Plumbers;
Shipyard Laborers; Timber
Workers,
SATURDAY, Sept. 15—Black-'
smiths; Bakers.
agony he experiences in delivering the
goods. Ho is an ass and he carries
upon his back the burden of the world.
That is the reason he is an ass.
* * *
The professor was arguing for the
establishment of a federal lnbor reserve
board to deal with the matter of handling the human, merchandise (labor-
power, which he refers to as labor), in
the same manner that the federal
money reserve board handles the mat*
ter of finance, and deals with the fluctuating demands therefor. Just ns it is
necessary at times to mobolize money
(which is a term less suggestive of uncertainty and bankruptcy than that of
credit), at certain points in order to
admit of the profitable getting away
with the proceeds of the plundering of
the wealth producers and turning them
to the best possible advantage of' the
plunderers (capitalists), it is also necessary to often swiftly mobolize and shift
large bodies of laborers to convenient
strategic points where their services
muy be for the moment required, and
where they can be assimilated in the
gallant process of contributing their
own hides to the glorification of capital
under the wage process. In spite of
the asseverations of Mr. Gompers to
the contrary notwithstanding, there is
something strangely suggestive of merchandising in this matter of buying nnd
selling labor in a market; in the shipping and shifting of it to various points
of distribution and use, very much the
same as might be the case with coal,
steel, beef, bacon or cooji skins. Now
that there aro prospects of the establishment of a federal reserve labor
hank, as it wore, tho matter of the
commodity character of labor power
may in time become so plain that even
Mr, Gompers will be able to recognize
it.
♦       *       *
Choques nnd drafts upon these federal reserve bankB whoro labor is on
deposit, will admit of tbe speedy transfer of such quantities of the precious
substance from which alt capitalist
blessings flow (labor-power), to those
points where it may be for lbe moment
required in order to fertilize cnpilul,
iiml muse it to bear rJsolous fruit unto
its heaven-ordnined possessors. These
reserve banks of labor-power need not
necessarily be supplied with burglar-
proof vaults, for although labor-power
is the most precious of all precious
tilings, because it brings forth without
cost all of tbe other precious nnd much
desired things that go to glorify worms
of the dust, and magnify thoir grandeur ut least in their own estimation, it
is so infernally cheap that it is not
coveted by thc ordinary type of burglars and honsebrenkers. The fact thnt
it can bo gotten in nny quantity for
nothing, and can only be turned into
realizable currency by tho magic horns
poctts of the high priests of capital,
makes it fur more safe from sequcstrn-
tion by ordinary thiovcH, even though
stored in a hovel without lock or key,
or in un open shed without windows or
doors, thnn would be nny other sort of
gems nnd procious things though hidden
in vaults of stool with niipickable locks
and walls of compelling thickness. The
parent of all wenlth that is measured in
terms of exchange, and yet so, poor in
value as to bo an outlaw among the
commodities thnt it brings forth, tho
essence of ull property, becnuso it is
the creator of all wenlth (hat nmkes
for tho satisfaction of human needs,
this commodity, labor-power, is the
meanest, becnuse the cheapest, thing oji
earth. Its owner and peddler is a pariah, nn outcast, in short a stave, and
there are none so poor on earth as to do
him reverence, but yet*the entire world
lives by his sweat nnd his slavery. His
labor-power is a commodity that he
must either sell or starvo.   Labor is thc
CREDIT SHOULD always be given
where credit is due.   The study of
political economy is one to which
every person might well devote a little
time and earnest consideration in order
to   know   all   about
SOME wealth and its proper
POLITICAL distribution, so as to
ECONOMY, best    conserve    the
henlthful requirements of both the nntion nnd the individual. It is usually looked upon as a
rather dismal science, but this may not
be the case once its intricacies are Bet
forth by some nuthority duly qualified
by thorough familiarity with the subject, and equipped with a suitable simplicity of languuge to permit of clear
and understandable elucidation. We
are prompted to acknowledge receipt of
the most profound, though at the same
time, simple and easily understandable
expose of capitalist political economy,
from Washington, D. C. It comeB to us
in the shape of an editorial in the
United States Official Bulletin of Aug.
28. It is in very truth "some political
economy." Yes, indeed, and thon some.
And it must be sound politicnl economy,
for look where it comes from. It is absolutely official and presumably it may
be considered a simplified elucidation of
ruling class political economy. It may
be safely taken as an epitome of that
ponderous science. It is so simple and
clear that it is quite easily followed,
und from now on it should not be necessary for aspiring youth in quest of
knowledge of the intricate and the abstruse, to waste any appreciable length
of time in mastering the intricacies of
the dismal science of political economy,
a la the capitalist kind. Here it is;
Some Political Economy.
The argument bait been advanced that the
wealth and resources of the United States
are impaired to the extent of all the money
spent by the government for war purposes.
The argument is very unsound. There Is a
sharp contrast between cost to the govern*
ment and cost to the people of the country.
The United States has Hold $2,000,000,000
worth of liberty loan bonds to the people of
the United States and therefore owes S2,-
000,000,000 more than it did a few months
ago. When tho money for ihe bonds has
been collected in full and been expended In
full the matter will stand in this shape:
Thc people of the United States will have
loaned to their government $2,000,000,000,
In return for which they will have received
$2,000,000,000 worth of liberty loan bonds,
which is as valuable security as the world
affords. Moreover, they will have in their
pockets or their banks the $2,000,000,000
which they loaned their government. The
government will have expended part of this
money itself, and those European nations
engaged In war with Germany, whose obligations our government has purchased with
part of the money realized from the sale of
liberty loan bonds, will have expended the
other part, and all of it will have been spent
in America for American products and in
payment of American wages
The resources of the nation, its capital
stock, so to speak, will not have beon impaired at all. Our farms, our mines, our
factories, in fact all of our fixed property
and industries, will remain intact. Our people will simply have sold some of the annual
products of the country, the products of ils
mines, and products of its factories,
Thus, the government will bave value received for the money it borrowed from the
people and the people will have value received for the money they loaned the government and the products they sold their government and the European nations engaged in
war with Germany.
Of coarse, the United States Ib going to
pay these bonds at maturity and is going to
pay interest on them in the meanwhile. It
Is going to pay part with the money it will
later collect from our debtor European governments engaged in war with Germany; it
Is going to pay part with money raised by
taxation. It is not going to pay them nut of
the capital of the united States or out of
the capital of tho people of the United States.
The money is to come from the annual income and production of tho country, which
now amounts to $50,000,000,000. The yearly agricultural production nf the United
States is moro thnn $10,000,000,000, and
the mineral production $8,000,000,000. The
profits of converting raw material into finished products: amount annually to $10,000,-
000,000. Th^sc sre just some of our main
sources of annilal Income.
M f'!' * *
After the .people of thc United States
shall hnvo loaned "their" govornment
thc trifling sum of *2,00n,l)00,000, and
have received an equivalent sum in the
shape of "liberty bonds," nnd the government hus used the borrowings for
the purchase, from thc selfsame people
presumably, of things requisite to the
prosecution of the war, the "people"
will have in their possession, not only
the "bonds" in question, but that
which they loaned to the government,
and in acknowledgment of which thc
"bonds" were issued. In other words,
in addition to thc credit tokens (sometimes called ensh), or bank credit,
which thoy turned over to government
account, they ("fhe people") will have
new credit tokens or promises to pay,
to the amount of the "bonds" they
have purchased. There will be just
twice as much owing to them as beforo.
They will have double the drag upon
the f.iture thut they formerly possessed. If the future pays (which is s'jch
a manifest impossibility that it is n
wonaor that even a ten-yenr-old school
kid should fail to see it) they ("the
people") will bo lots to thc good. If
thc future fails to pay they aro no
worse oft nnyhow,
without conserving any other purpose
than possibly that of killing a few Germans, tearing up some square rods of
earth and* creating a general nuisance
both stinking and otherwise disgusting.
$2,000,000,000 worth of the products of
labor worse than wasted, and yet this
"some political economy" authority
asserts that "the resources of the nation, its capital stock, so to speak, will
not have been impaired. Our farms,
our mines, our factories, in fact all our
fixed property and industries, will remain intact. Our people will simply
hnve Bold some o,f the annual products
of the country, the products of its
farms, the products of its mines, and
products of its factories."
* *      #
Now is that not plain? With $2,-
000,000,000 of labor's products expended, not in useful purposes, but for that
of killing, maiming, brutalizing and
destroying; for the purpose of making
of the earth a desert and a camel
house and polluting the landscape with
blood> guts and gore, the "nation's
capital stock," bo to speak, remains intact. Of course it does, for that "capital stock, bo to speak," consists solely
of a docile and prolific working claBB.
All that was shot away and otherwise
wasted in the disposition of the $2,000,-
000;000 of borrowed wind (for that is
all it was) came forth from the unpaid
toil of the enslaved workers. As it
cost '' the people'' (the capitalist
class) nothing, and they got "liberty
bonds" to the tune of $2,000,000,000 in
exchange for lt, it iB as plain as a pikestaff, that although thc money thus accumulated is strangely akin to stage
money, it has come to the present holders fully as easily as money from home
comeB to the remittance man. In neither case is a single hair ever turned in
Bweat in the getting of it. It Ib like
"manna falling down 'upon the wandering* JewB in the wilderness."
* *      *
It is not worth while to bother over
the matter of whether "liberty bonds"
or any other ever will or will not be
paid. Even if the governments do
squeeze from their victims the wherewith to redeem their obligations, that
only means that there will be another
transfer of credit obligations, this time
frota the government to the individual
holder of bonds, while in the first instance it was from the individual to
the government. And nobody short of
a dope fiend could see anything in the
nature of payment in that. The original producers of the wealth thuB
thrown away in the ruling class scrimmage will Btill remain unpaid for the
energy they expended in its production.
And it is at this point that payment
must be made if it is ever to be made
at all. As it is a matter of taking at
the point of production wealth without
payment, it ought to be easily understandable that any and all payment
thereafter is an absolute impossibility.
All that does result to the masters and
manipulators of the delectable game is
that they are enabled to live upon the
present generation of slaves without
cost and at the satae time accumulate
paper assurances (credits, investments,
etc., in the shape of stocks, bonds,
deeds, mortgages, debentures, which are
nil orders upon the future) that their
spawn that lives after them will be enabled to sap their sustenance in the
same manner from the exploitation and
torture of the slaves of the future.
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FEDERATION OF LABOR
"Thus the government will havo
valuo reoelved for tho money it borrowed from the poople, and the people
will hnve value received for the money
thoy loaned the government, nnd the
products thoy sold their government
und tho European nations engaged In
the war with Germany." By this happy
arrangement, it may easily be soon that
"everything is lovely nnd the goose
hangs high." Everybody hns been
paid, nnd there has been no loss, in
spite of tho fact that #2,000,000,000
worth of tho products of labor have
been shot away or otherwise destroyed,
Our naive economist says: "The profits of converting raw material into finished products amount annually to
$10,000,000,000." And this is among
the numerous items that make up the
annual income. If we know anything
of mathematics, $10,000,000,000 profit
taken frota a population of 100,000,000,
would mean an average of $100 per person, or $500 per family. But as we
woll know that a very considerable number of persons take no part whatsoever
in the processes of production, wo must
allow that the rate of exploitation is
much greater per head than aB given
above But be that as it may, our political economist throws an interesting
light upon the matter of how wars can
be fought at enormous expense without
coating anybody a cent, or in any manner impairing the capital of a nation.
And not only that, but the fact should
not be lost sight of that the money
borrowed for the purpose of financing
the war is not only to be returned in
full, but with interest added. By this
it may be seen how simple it is to not
only expend billions for war without o
penny of cost, but how everybody interested will be well paid for all their
troublo and some of them will be able
to get a little interest for nothing, besides.
* * *
And after rending the illuminating
editorial above quoted, a great load was
lifted from our mind. Many things
hitherto obscure to us were mnde clear
as day. Erstwhile knotty economic
problems became so easy of solution
that to wrestle with them became as
pleasurable as indulging in a pipe-
dream. We became so intoxicated with
our new found economic knowledge
that things impossible were no longer
difficult of solution. We even now lift
ourself over the fence by our bootstraps several times beforo breakfast,
for mental exercise. "Some political
economy?" It is all of that, and then
some more. Mny each reader of The
Federationist "read, pondor and inwardly digost,' 'to tho end that he may
become as profound in the science of
now you see it und now* you don't, ns
tho Simple Simon who presides over the
editorial columns of the United States
Official Bulletin; Capitalist political
economy is easy once it is made plain
to you. And this is not intended ns a
joke.
Victoria, B. C, Sept. 10, 1917.
To the  officers and membors of the
Labor movement.
Greeting: The following synopsis of
the proceedings of the special convention, held in Vancouver, Labor Day, is
sent to all organized labor in order that
they may be informed as to the results
of that convention.
President Kavnnagh, of the Vancouver Trades and Labor council, opened
the convention at 10 a.m. by calling
the convention to order, and pointing
out the serious nature of the business
that would be dealt .with.
President Naylor, in taking over the
gavel, urged the fullest freedom of
speech, and toleration with views that
may not be acceptable to all.
Secretary Wells then reud the report
of the executive committee, which gave
a resume of the different happenings
since the introduction of the National
Begistration scheme, to the time of the
passing of the Military Service Act.
The most important part of the executive's report was the recommendations contained therein, which are as
-follows:
We recommend that seeing that the
political situation is the most prominent, the leaving of the general strike
proposal in the hands of the executive, and that our attention be directed to the political field.
That working class candidates be
placed in the field in the industrial
constituencies throughout the province, and as the question is a national
question, that other Labor bodies
throughout the country be requosted
to adopt the same methods.      '
That the executive committee be
authorized to call nominating conventions in such constituencies ns they
may deem desirable, on the same
basis of represenetation as is in effect at the annual conventions of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, and that
they be authorized to establish a fund
for the purpose of carrying on the
catapaign, same to be distributed at
the discretion of the executive.
The recommendations were adopted
by a roll call vote of 56 in favor, oight
against and three delegates not voting,
or were absent.
The question was asked if referring
the matter of the general strike to the
executive, would give that body a mandate to cull a atrike. Secretary Wells
replied that it would.
In the discussion, it was pointed out
by many delegates, that the introduction of military conscription would be
followed by industrial conscription, the
experience of other countries being
cited as evidence as well as statements
that were made in the houBe of commons during the passing of the Military
Service Act, which Bhowed that several
of the members of the house had that
form of conscription in view.
In the report of the executive, the
following paBBage is worthy of consideration:
. "Your executive can see at this
time a change in the situation.  It is
now  a political  question,  and conscription has become a political football; and to hide the record of the
present incompetent government, this
measure is brought forward.   And if
they can get any political advantage
out of it, then they are itnending to
do so."
In conclusion, while deprecating the
brevity of this report, yet the fact that
delegates were present from Prince Rupert in the north, to Trail in the interior, and from island points as woll as
from tho larger cities, will result in
the workers of the province being in
possession of fuller details, and this report will give to labor the official notification as to the oction adopted at the
convention, which will be nut into effect by the executive in the near future.
Trusting   that   labor  will   givo  the
fullest support to the executive in fulfilling the duties resting upon them.
I remain, fraternally yours,
A. S. WELLS,
Secretary-treasurer.
L0CALW.il
1/
In Hpcuking o.a the proposed bill to
heavily tax the war revenues of tho
rich, Senator Borah Baid: "If the
country'3 men of groat wealth were
culled ,on to settle this question, I believe they would settle it more patriotically thun the sciiate is disposed to do.
Their patriotism is of a high order, and
they are willing to have what they've
made out of the war conscriptod." If
this be so, what is to hinder them from
handing it oveT without nay more fuss
about it? Why is it necessary to pass
a tax bill under such circumstances?
What is Borah and tho rest of these
august senators blithering nbout, any-
w*ay? In the light of his disclosures
about the patriotic proclivities of the
war profiteers, measured from a financial standpoint, it seems a sad waBtc of
timo to be bothering to pass compulsory tnx laws in order to gathor that
which patriots are sot"willing" to pay.
Another I. W. W. infamy has been
uncovered down in Iowa. It hns un-
doubtcdly boen financed with German
money. The grasshoppers hove been
eating tho binding twine, thus allowing
th«! sheaves to fall apart and causing
the farmers much trouble and lo|£. It
is reported that federal agonts are making a thorugh investigation of the mntter, and startling disclosures are expected.
Labor Objects to Coercion
While Wealthy Patriots
Grab the Loot
Decision to "down tools," in case
conscription is enforced, was arrived at
by a majority of the delegates to the
provincial Labor convention on Monday. By 56 to 8 it was agreed to leave
final action in tho hands of the executive, which means the celling out of
10,000 to 15,000 workers in this province alone.
The situation is ominous and significant, observes The Chronicle, judging
from the very temperate speeches delivered by thc most prominent representatives of the labor unions. Tho general
trend of opinion was patriotic nnd loyal
hut pervading thc whole of tho proceedings was the distinct™ British objection to coercion in any form, nnd a
straight demand thnt tho will of the
people shall be consulted beforo thc Act
is applied.
Conscription of wealth, taxation of
profits and a general distribution of
wnr burdens must go hnnd in hnnd with
nny attempt to forco Canadians to take
further part in this war.
Politicians, of all comploxions, hnve
taken so little heed to the outcry
ngainflt graft and dishonest profiteering
thnt the body of the people, who have
given their best and denrest, are beginning to recognize the futility of
their sacrifices, and to demand similar
sacrifices from those who are Bhouting
from the housetops for more victims.
The lust for offloe, power and wealth
is evident, in tho frantic efforts of
politicians to form coalitions that will
obviate ony appeal to tho peoplo.
It is vory questionable if patriotism
enters largely into their desire to assist thc empiro in her need. Proof of
their selfish interosts lies in the fnct
that they have failod to follow tho lead
of tho majority of tho nations, who
havo not hesitated to extract ill-gotten
or bloated profits from those whoso
'maximum of patriotism is ncachod in
the maximum of wealth thoy omass
through the war.
I.abor has proved its patriotism in
this province to a greater extent thnn
any other portion of tho Dominion.
It will bo woll for the "higher ups"
to demonstrate their (Uninterested loyalty, of which there are very grave
doubts.
Proposed  Amendments  to
General Laws to Be
Considered
Wedaosday, October 17, haB been set
as the.date on which several proposed
amendments to the general laws of the
International Typographical union, adopted at the lost convontion of that
body held at Colorado Springs, August
13-18 last, shall be voted on by referendum of thc various subordinate
'unions. There is a proposition to in*
create the amount collected for pension
assessment and mortuary ■ assesm-ent
from one-half of ono per cent, to onc
per cent, in each case; one to gradually
increase the salaries of presidont and
secretary-treasurer to JiSOOO per year,'
another to provide that proposed
amendments to laws shall bo proporly
drawn up and endorsed by 150 unions
for submission to the referondum, nnd
another to protect the membership of
members in war service by one of two
plans submitted—the matter to be left
to local unions or an assessment of ten
cents per member per month to provide a fund from which subordinate
unions shall be reimbursed tho amounts
fiaid for members in wnr service. Bal*
otB nre being supplied from headquarters aad will bo distributed amongst
the local membership prior to the voting day.
Thursday morning's issue of the Sun
was produced from the premises lately
occupied by the News-Advertiser. Although taking possession of the Nows*
Advertiser plant on September 1, the
Sun continued publishing from its original offices aB usual, while preparations
were under way for transferring tho
equipment to its now location in the
forhier News-Advertiser building.
"Much Ado About Nothing."
The Sun has mnde the first venture in
Vnncouver of printing n seven-issue
per week paper. According to daily
press reports the idea doos not meet
with favor in tho minds of certain publio welfare organizations, nnd has re*
ceived the attention of thc Vnncouver
Ministerial association, which body considers such a Btcp to bo in contraven*
tion of the provisions of tho Dominion
Lord's Day Aot. In viow of thc fact
that no paper is issued Sunday morning
—the seven editions being produced be-
tweon Monday morning and late Sat*
urday night—and also that the various
printing trndes organizations employed
nil demand a working weok of not more
than forty-eight hours for its members,
we cannot see thnt an infraction of tho
Act is being committed.
W. R. Trotter left on Wcdnesdny
morning with credentials only from No.
226, to attond the convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
which meets in Ottawa on Monday,
September 17.
Travelling cards havo been received
from W. J. Ozard, Victoria; Fred H.
Ross, Regina, and Mrs. J. Taylor, Chicago. G. Wood was issued a traveller,
and has gone to Victoriu,
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & OO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
ISO OrutUli Strut
111 Hutfnp Stntt West
Tbe Baok of British North America
EiUbUihH 111 1890
Branches throughput Csoids and  at
NEW TORK, SAN FRANCISCO AND
DAWSON
Savings Piptrtmut
Just a man's store,
with all that this implies—quality, ser-
viceand satisfaction.
With this is coupled
reasonable prices.
WE CARRY A
FULL LINE
Union-made Overalls (Carhartt's), Work Shirts, Work
Gloves, Underwear of all
kinds, Heavy Socks, Oil-
skins.
And everything in Men's
wear (excepting shoes).
Give us a trial, and we
will do the rest.
Kerfoot
& Hall
155 Hastings St. East
MEN'S SHOES
Prom |4.fi0 to $0.00 our Mon'a
Shoes are as good as any on earth
at the prices.
From 17.50 to 912—an good Footwear as a man ever put his foot into.
"The host Is the cheapest"—waa
nover so true as today.
CLUFF SHOE CO.
649 HASTINOS STREET WEST
Opp. Buk of Oommuca
THE
INOOEPOBATED
1858
BANK OF
TORONTO
Auett —
Deposits
..178,000,000
... 64,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Oonur Hutlngi and Gamble Its.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
OSPH-U 116,000,000        But 113,800,000
Fnitdnt: SIB JOBS AOD >
Main Olllce:  Conor Hutlngi aal Granville Struts, Vancouver
OITT BRANCHES LOCATION
east'end11' DEITE £'' ?"} *?«.•?* S~mettUI Drive
IHim'SA'™ CAMBIE £"• HmIIdh ui C.mbl. Simla
BOOTH HILL  Cor. Fortriiittk ud rnur Ate,.
Alio North Vuconnr Branch, Oonor Lonsdale Annuo and Esplanade
—SATE TOTO MONET—
O. N. STAOEY, Manager
Granville and Fender
8TABT A BANK ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't itow nwny yonr iparo
c«ih In any old oonor where it if
in danger from trarglara or tre.
Tho Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect lafety for yonr
money, and will give yon full
banking aervice, whether your account la largo or amall.
Intereat allowed oh savings deposits.
W. O. JOT, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital paid-up .
Reserve Funds .
Total Assets 	
..* 12,911,000
- 14,324,000
... 287,000,006
HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL
410 branches in Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and mako deposits regularly—uy, every payday.  Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal.
'."■!»>'.■■ ■**■i   n. »-»-. ■■•I*-**"
•MMMMMMMMMBBM
FRtDAT. ..September 14, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
New Style Boots
For Men
Are on
Review
Now
Including such reliable makes as the Astoria, Slater's Invietus and the Hudson's Bay Special—all shoes of service,
made of leathers that can be depended upon to give service
and satisfaction, and Ncolin, Oko and Acme Soles.
PRICES PROM $5.50 TO $10.00 PAIR
^i (JhpBudson'sBauiTompani). Jig!
■ x*„-*    — laaaaaoama   im      maaamt t ammff ggn w-wn .S*_7\J
Granville and Georgia Streete
Tl
CROSSED EYES
j HE eye that is crossed ia sure to go blind. There ia a scientific
reason why blindness will ensue. Malformation of its shape
* will give the answer. Parents who allow their children to
suffer from crossed oyeB, even for one year after the condition has
become manifest, are guilty of negligence, ana surely contribute
to a serious loss of mental and physical development. This is not
all either, for they expose that child to dangers seldom attributed
to such a cause, namely, stomach troubles of a reflex character,
rheumatic pains, cerebrospinal meningitis, poliomyelitis, sun*
stroke and last, but not leaBt, the great white plague.
These statements may seem incredible to the reader, but they can
be, and are substantiated almost ev<ery day in this offlce by cases
which present themselves. Time and space will not permit the explanation of the reason why, but if those having children suffering
from the foregoing troubles desire the proof of these statements
in the interest of their offspring, that proof will be gladly given
if they take the trouble to pay a visit to this office, or send a
communication on the subject.
The foregoing is addressed to thoso who hav>e no knowledge of
our methods of straightening cross-eyes without the use of the
knife. Light controlled by the use of lenses relieved the sufferings
of hundreds in this province, thus obviating an expensive operation
and the danger of a repetition of the cross where scientifically-
fitted glasses were not used.
My methods are original, exclusive, inexpensive and never fail
to bring the eye to its proper position just as the flower turns
towards the sun, so will the eye turn to the centre of the lens if
prescribed to transmit through it the correct amount of light.
ACTINO-OPTICAL INSTITUTE LTD.
A. McKAY JORDAN, Diagnostician,
Eighth Floor Birks Building Phone, Seymour 1503
A. R. BAKER
407 HASTINGS STREET WEST
DENTIST
0
Hours: 9 to 6 p.m. Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Phone Seymour 2229 Closed Saturday Afternoons
|>|iil„"JI|ill*WlH!ilWilli:i!ilJti
|aboB
mk UIIANU
ICOFFEE^i
Canada's Best Coffee
ASK your grocer to send
you a tin of this
excellent Vacuum
Packed Coffee. It
is the best at any
price and it is always fresh. Order
a tin today.
Kelly,  DougUi  ft Co.,
Ltd.
Hats for Fall Wearing
—Nothing like a spruce-looking SOFT FELT
to give a littlo air of newness and amartneis
to your dress these days,
WE HAVE THEM In splendid variety-
extra fine quality and in all the asked-for
sites. Perhaps OUR WINDOW may give
you a cine to your needs,
13.00 to $6.00
Or if you are thinking of a dressy, comfor*
giving CAP, you'll find them here in a really
choice assortment for your choosing.
$1.00 to $3.50
RICHARDSON & POTTS
417 QEANVILLB STBEET
Ne« Corner Hastings
Broadway Theatre
iOOBNEB OF BROADWAT AND MAIN
MONDAY AND TUESDAY
ANITA STEWART
—IN—
"The Girl Phillipa"
From tho Btory by Bobert W. C. Chambers.
Has Voluntary Enlistment Failed?
***«««« ******* *******
Returned Officer Says It Has Not
[From Hansard report of speech by
W. F. .Carroll, M.P. for South Cape
Breton, delivered June 20th, 1917.'
Since August, 1014, Canada has been
participating in the greatest war with
which this earth has been stricken.
Personally, I do not care whether Canada's participation in this war has
been for England or with England,
whether our participation has been as
one of the Allies or os part of one of
the Allies, As a matter of fact, Oaa*
ada has been fighting for human justice, human liberty, and for democracy
and the free peoples of tho world. In
the session of August, 1014, no voice
was raised against Canada's participation in this war. We met in the house
of commons as a united parliament and
we voted all the money that was required for Canada's participation in
this war. Throughout the length and
breadth of this land wo were a united
people. From north to south and enst
to west not a voice was raised against
Canada's participation in the war.
wjth perhaps the exception of a small
section of tho people of the province
of Quebec, and I do not wish to say
anything about tho Nationalists, because they are entitled to their opinion
and must answer to their own conscience.
It is for that reason that, Bince the
war began, I have done my humble bit
to assist Canada in her participation
in this struggle. Canada has done
nobly under the voluntary system of
recruiting and Canada's public men
have done nobly in voting supplies to
carry these men along. The ume has
now come when the people are told
that voluntary enlistment has proved
a failure. I do not think that is a fair
way of putting it. When Canada, with
a population of a little over 7,000,000
has contributed over 425,000 of her
best to tho cause of war I do not think
that it c.an be truly said that voluntary
enlistment has been a failure. I am
not arguing for voluntary enlistment.
It it true that voluntary .enlistment
at the present time is not as great as it
was at tho beginning of the war. It is
but natural that having contributed
over 425,000 men to this war, voluntary enlistment should be a little on
the wane. It is not quite fair to the
people of Canada to say that this sort
of enlistment has proved a failure.
no battalion, battery or draft was
authorized but whose ranks were filled
to overflowing under voluntary enlistment. I do not know what has happened in the other provinces.
aaa
Within the year drafts were asked
for to reinforce the Highland brigade,
the. 146th battalion and the 36th Battery, the last of which went from the
constituency which I represent. Drafts
were asked for the 17th Battery whose
headquarters is also in tho constituency which I represent. These drafts
that wene asked were not only supplied but the ranks were filled to overflowing and hundreds of young men
were sent away. You may. ask me for
some testimony along that line. I
picked up a paper from my riding a
few days ago, thie Sydney Post of June
26, and this is what it says regarding
one of these artillery drafts:
The draft depot at Sydney now
haa about forty men and about ten
more are wanted to make up the
complement. Lieut. Yetman told the
reporter this morning that he was
turning men down practically every
day who were approaching him
with a view to enlistment. Twelve
young men from Olace Bay offered
themselves for the battery yesterday, but owing to the fact that recruiting for the battery has been
officially stopped thoy were not
accepted.
But the question further arises as to
whether or not there is sufficient be-
for,e the house to inform us aB to
whether we must resort to conscription or not. I am not speaking for
Canada; I do not know what has
transpired in any of the other provinces, in the west, Ontario, or Quebec,
beyond the fact that wc have a general
knowledge as to the number of men
who have been enlisted in those provinces. But I have a fairly accurate
idea of what did transpire in the province of Nova Scotia in regard to enlistment. We have raised a considerable
number of men in Nova Scotia, and
every regiment, battalion and draft
authorized by thiB government to be
raised in Nova Scotia was raised and
its ranks filled to overflowing by voluntary enlistment. We have raised
the 64th, 25th, 107th, 112th, 85th,
185th, 193rd and 219th battalions, and
wo have also provided the 17th and
36th Field batteries. We have also
contributed battaliona which wore
raised in other parta of the province
and with which I am not so familiar.
We have also contributed, perhaps
more than any other province, corps
of tunnellers because in Nova Scotia
we had an immense number of miners
who were anxious to enlist and they
enlisted as tunnellers. We have also
recruited a forestry battalion. I ahi
not saying that Nova Scotia haa done
ita full share but the point I am making with reapect to Nova Scotia is that
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SET. 2492
MONDAT, SEPTEMBEB 17
The Most Beautiful Play
Ever Written—
=«THE=
WHITE
SISTER'
You will see EDYTHE ELLIOTT
in   her   most   wonderful   part
A LOVE STORY BRIM FULL
OF  HUMAN  EMOTION
10c, 25c and 35c
As a matter of fact, recruiting was
stopped in some portions of this country—and I am -ot finding fault with
the government for having taken that
course. Public recruiting meetings
were forbidden in my native town and
in the mining districts over a year ago.
When recruiting for the 185th battalion, we were never allowed to hold
recruiting meetings in the mining districts; I daresay for good and sufficient
reasons.
Sir George Foster:   Hear, hear.
Mr. Carroll: But nevertheless, we
had no difficulty in filling up the ranks
and when we hear hon.' gentlemen
Bpeaking about slackers walking our
streets, let me say that the recruiting
for the 185th battalion was done principally by personal canvas, and I had
something to do with it; and I never
approached a man with the object of
having him enlist in that battalion or
any other battalion being formed down
there, whom I thought should go, who
refused to go. That is, I have never
met a slacker in the country of Cape
Breton.
How am I to come to. the conclusion
that voluntary enlistment haB been a
failure in this country! I do not know.
It has not been a failure in Nova
Scotia, and I am willing to say that
that province will supply by voluntary
onlistment every man necessary for reinforcements for the battalions which
it now haB at the front. I have no
doubt about that in the world." Many
of theso battalions went to reinforce
battalions from other provinces. About
that I havo nothing to say; it was
necessary and proper, and had to be
done. So far as Nova Scotia is Concerned, I do not think we shall have
the least trouble in replenishing .the
broken ranks of our battalions at the
front by voluntary enlistment. We
havo proved that in the past. The
conditions may be different in other
parts of Canada, but I have no doubt
in the world of thc truth of my statement. If I have a suggestion to make
it is that I believe that if the proposition ia placed before the provinces today to supply reinforcements by voluntary enlistment, it will be done
without the assistance of this bill. My
friends will say: Well, Quebec will not
do her Bharo. Well, leave Quebec out
in the cold. I understand that she only
has two battalions at the front. Surely the people of Quebec are proud
enough and noble enough and true
enough to their traditions and to the
traditions of the British people to replenish the two battaliona which they
have at the front. I am sure that the
people of the other provinces are. I
think that this suggestion, even com'
ing from a humble member of this
house, is worthy of consideration,
whether this bill goes thiough or not.
* ♦ *
Editor's Note—Mr. Carroll is a Liberal and is a lieutenant in the overseas
forces. He enlisted es a private, but
was promoted. He, with other military members of parliament, was recalled from overseas to attend the
session of parliament. While overseas
he saw service in France.
STMOP8IS OF OOAL MININO EEOULA-
POAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln
*** Msnitobs, Saskatchewan and Albarta, ths
TIONS.
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and inra portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leued for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term
of 81 yean at an annual rental of $1 u
acre. Wot mon than 2,560 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district in which the rights applied for are situated. " *
In surveyed territory the land muat be described by sections, or legal nub-dlviiioae of
sections, and in onsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by .the
applicant himself. '
Each application must be accompanied by
\ fee of IP/^ win *• »'nt>(fed if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall fur-
nlih tha Agent with sworn returni accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable eoal
rained and pay the royalty thereon If the
coal mining rlghu are not being operated,
auch returna should be furnished at least
onee a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap, 27 of 45
George V. assented to 12th June, 18 U.
For foil information application ahould be
made to the SecreUry of the Department of
^or^^L0.^ m A-Bt"snb-
n     .    w, .W' W- CORY,
«   n    rr Dttut? Minister of Interior.
N.  B.—Unauthorised publication of  thia
advertisement will not be paid for.—88575
PAGE JIVE
pacific wanna ahd uAOTFAOTUBora
OOMPAMT, LOfXTBD
PUBLIC NOTICE la hereby given that aa*
der tha Flnt Part of Chapter 79 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1006. known as
"The Companies Aet," letters patent have
been Issued under tbe seal of the Secretary
of State of Canada, bearing date the 7th day
of Auguat, 1017, incorporating Angus Alexander Crowston, Financial Agent: William
Samuel HeClure, farmer; Reuben TiBn, far*
mer; Joseph John TiBn, miner, and Charles
William St, John, solicitor, all of tha elt/ of
Vaneonver, In the Provinoe of British Columbia, aa Pacific Mining and Manufacturing
Company, United, for the following pur
poses, vis.:—
(a) To obtain by purchase, lease, hire,
discovery, location, or otherwise, and hold,
mines, mineral claims, mineral leases, pros*
pects, mining lands, and mining rights of
every description, and to work, develop, operate, and turn the same to aeeonnt, ana to aell
or otherwise dispose of the aame or any of
them, or any interest therein.
(b) To dig for, raise, crush, wash, smelt,
assay, analyse, reduce, amalgamate and otherwise treat gold, silver, eoal, copper, lead ores
or deposits, and other minerals and metallic
substances and compounds of all kinds,
whether belonging to the company or aot,
and to render the aame merchantable, and to
buy, sell and deal in the same or tny of
them.
(e) To carry on the business of a mining.
smelting, milling and refining oompany ln all
or any of its branches.
(d) To acquire by purchase, lease, hire,
exchange, or otherwise such timber lands or
leases, timber claims, licences to ont timber,
surface rights and rights-of-way, water rights
and privileges, mills, factories, furnaces for
smelting and treating ores and refining met*
ale, buildings, machinery, plant, or other real
or personal property aa may be necessary for
or conducive to the proper carrying-out of
any of the objects of tbe company.
(e) To construct, maintain, alter, make,
work, and operate on the property of the
company, or on property controlled by the
company, any canals, trails, roads, ways,
tramways, bridges and reservoirs, dams,
flumes, race and other ways, watercourses,
aqueducts, wella, wharves, piers, furnaces,
sawmills, crushing works, smelting works,
concentrating worka, hydraulic works, coke-
ovens, electrical works and appliances, warehouses, buildings, machinery, plant, stores,
and other worka and conveniences which may
seem conducive to any of tha objects of the
company, and, with the consent of the shareholders in general meeting, to contribute to,
subsidise, or otherwise aid or take part in
any auch operation, though constructed and
maintained by any othw oompany or persona
outside of the property of the eompany; and
to buy, sell, manufacture, and deal ln all
kinds of goods, stores, Implements, provisions, chattels and effects required by the
company or ita workmen and servants,
(f) To build, acquire, own, charter, navigate, and use steam and other vessels for the
purposo of the company.
(g) To carry on business as qnarrymas-
ters and stone merchants, and to sell, buy,
get, work, shape, hew, carve, polish, crush
and prepare for market or aee, stone of all
kinds.
(h)   To carry on business as road and
Sarement makers and repairers, and menu-
aoturera of, and dealers ln lime, cement,
mortar, concrete and building materials of
all kinds, and as builders and contracton
for the execution of works and buildings of
all klnda la the construction of which atone
Is required.
(1) To carry on all or any of the business of manufacturers of and wholessle and
retail dealers in bricks, tiles, pipes, pottery,
Boys' School Shoes—That
Have The Punch!
We have a wide experience to go on in making the selection
of our Boys' Shoes. We know that nothing but solid leather
can stand up against the punishment the average boy can give
footwear. We have made every effort to find a solution and
have finally arrived at the fact that "Leckie" Shoes, made
right here in Vancouver, are the best investment parents can
make and advise accordingly.   At Spencer's:
Boyi' Box Calf
Boots
Sizes 1 to B% ....	
Sises 11 to 13%	
•Leckie'
. ft.25
•3.60
i* "OlMiio" Boots
Vici kid, gunmetal calf and patent leather, button and lace
styles:
Sites 11 to 8 ...
Sizes 8 to 10%
.13.85
$3.25
Boys' Chrome Waterproof
"LeoUe" Boots
Sices 1 to 5%  — HSS
Sises 11 to 13% ...- 83.85
Missei' School Boots-
" Leckie"
Seoteh chrome, waterproof sole,
box ealf upper, light in weight,
but very strong. Sises 11 to
2 „  13.85
earthenware, china, glassware, tana cottaand
leramleware of all klnda.
O)    To carry on buslneas as manufacture
(k) To carry on business sa manufacturers of, and wholesale and retail dealers la
soU fertilisers.
(1) To cany oa any other business who*
thar manufacturing or otherwise which may
seem to tha eompany capable of being conveniently carried on la conneotlon wlu tht
above or calculated directly or Indirectly to
enhance tha vain* of or render profitable, aay
of tha company's property or rlghta.
(m)   To acquire, aad undertake tha'whole
any part of        ^ "
liabilities of any , ,__, .-.
on any business which tht eompany li authorised to carry on, or possessed of property suitable for thc purposes of tht company.
(n) To take, or otherwise acquire, aad
hold shares la aay other eompany having objects altogether or In part similar to those of
thla company, or carrying oa aay business
capable of being conducted so aa directly or
indirectly to benefit this company.
(o) To enter into any arrangement wltb
any authorities, municipal, local or otherwise
that may aeem conducive to the company's
objects, or any of them, and to obtain from
any auch authority, any rights, privileges,
and concessions which tht oompany may
think tt desirable to obtain, and to carry
out, exercise, and comply with aay auch arrangements, rights, privileges and concessions.
(p)    Generally to purchase, take oa leut
eideatei or conducive to tht attainment tt
tht above objects.
(a)   And It U hereby declared that tht
word "Oompany" In this clause ahall be
deemed to include aar partnership or othtr
body of persons, whether Incorporated or aot
Incorporated, and whether domiciled Is the
Dominion of Canada or elsewhere, nad tht
intsntion Is that tht objects specified ln each
paragraph of this clause ahall, uoept where .
otherwise expressed la saeh paragraph, bt ta *
ao wise limited or restricted by reference to
or inference from tho terms of any othtr
paragraph or tht name of tht company.
«., -uu uuuiiwu Mivaui ■    Tat operation of tht Company to be earths business, property, and rled on throughout the Dominion of Canada
peraoa or company carrying i and elsewhere by the name of "Pacific Min- .
wki-i. *k- -™ i- —ij« tBfl Manufacturing Company. Limited," ,
with a capital stock of ont million dollara
divided Into ten thousand shares of oat hundred dollars each, and the chief place of
business of tht said company (registered of*
fiee) to bt at 580 Hornby street, In the city j
of Vancouver ta tho Provlnee of British i
Colombia.
DATED at tht office of the Secretary of
State of Canada, thta 7th day of   August,   ,
1017.
THOMAS HULVKT.
Under-Secretary of State,
exchange, hire, or otherwise acquire,
.._.. ,_raonel property, aai*        *
vileges which tht compan;
bnslL.—
(a)   To construct, maintain, aad alter any
buildings or worka necessary or convenient
any personal property, and any rights or prt-
■"—ns which tht company may think neeee-
or convenient for tht purposes of its
for tbe'purposea of the Company.
To invest and deal with tht moneys
»
of tht Company not Immediately required _
saeh manner aa may from time to thnt be
determined.
(a) To remunerate aay person or com*
pany for services rendered, or to bt rendered, in placing or assisting to place or guaranteeing thc placing of aay of tha shares ln
the Company's capital or any debentures,
debenture stock or other securities of tht
Company, or tn or about tha formation tr
{.romotlon of the Company or tht conduct of
ts business.
(t) To draw, make, accept, Indorse, dis*
count, execute and Issue promleory notes,
bills of exchange, bills of lading, warrants,
debentures, and other negotiable or transferable instruments.
(n) To aell or dispose of the undertaking of the Company or any part thereof for
such consideration as the Company may think
fit, and in particular for shares, debentures,
or securities of any other eompany having
objects altogether or in part similar to those
of this Company.
(v) To adopt auch means of making
known the products of the company aa may
seem expedient, and in particular by advertising in the press, by circulars, by purchase
and exhibition of works of art or interest, by
publication of books and periodicals, and by
granting prises, rewards and donations.
(w) To sell, Improve, manage, develop,
exchange, lease, mortgage, enfranchise, dispose of, turn to account, or otherwise deal
wltb, all or any part of the property and
rlghta of tht company,
(x) To carry on business as aforesaid
throughout the Dominion of Canada.
(y)    To do all such other things as are In-J
HOTEL ALCAZAR
▼uooinra, b. o.
Hnivuutm for Ubor tun.   I
IS. ud ll.Ot por tty.
$1.60 por wook ud ». •
Otf.ttlououH.IMM.
■LMTUO nZTUBBI It MIC
lo. u ud ono mosor.
The Jurii Eketric C*., UJ.
870 Richards Stmt
ASK TOOS OlOOll ros
paroa or albxbta, ud
■0THBB8- ravoarra
FLOUB
ubiob mra
t. nuiai a eo.. Amatt
neat mm itu Bai
OLELANDDIBBLE ENGRAVING OOMPANY
PHOTO  IM1AV1U,_ .
OIAL A1TUIS
rheio S.jmoor 716»
Third floor. World Bolldlof,
VAIOOUTU. 1. O.
Tho only Onion Sfcop to VMoonror.
To aiMab.ro of ur anion In Conodo .
ipodnl nt. for Tho rodorntlonlot of tl
Mr rotr—-If • olab of 10 or moro lo oont
ORPHEUM
SEASON  1917—1918
Orpheum Circuit Vaudeville
OPENS    SEPTEMBER    17
—Mako Season's Reservations—
The  Following  Big Acts
Will   Open   the    Season
MASKS' JUNGLE PLAYERS
MANO 6 SNYDEE
"THE NIGHT BOAT"
NORWOOD & HALL
OOL. DIAMOND tt GRAND-
DAUGHTER
CHARLIE HOWARD
FRANKIE HEATH
Evenings: 10c, 25c, 35c, 50c, 75c
Matinees: 10c, 15c, 26c, 60c
NEXT WEEK
PANTAG E S
"OKI TOD DEVIL!"
Musical Fantasy
NEIL McKIMLET. tho Oolonol of tho THbo
Otbor fe.tares
Kottaooi 10C ud 20c.   Nlfhti lie ud 950.
B.C.F. OF LABOR WIRES
PROTESTS TO OTTAWA
Sec.-treas. Wells Loses No Time Getting the Executive Body's
Pronouncement.
After telegraphic consultation with
members of tho executive board of tho
B. 0. F. of L.; Secretary-treasurer A.
S. WellB, Victoria, on Tuesday, forwarded the following telegrams:
"Victoria, B. 0., Sopt. 11, 1017.
"Hon. Sir R. L. Borden,
"Premier of thc Dominion of
Canada. Ottawa, Canada:
"Organized labor, as represented by
the British Columbia Federation of
Labor, protests against thc provisions
of tho war times election bill, and demands equal adult suffrage to al! citizens of both sexes.
A. S. WELLS,
"Sec.trcas.    B.    C.    Federation   of
Labor."
A copy of the above wire was also
sent to Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
Wired President Watters.
"Victoria, B. C, Sept. 11, 1917.    I
"J. C. Watters,
"President Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada.
"Ottawa, Canada:
"B, C. Federation of Labor executive endorse your   opposition  to   war
times election bill, nnd havo wired Bor-
dion and Laurier demanding equal suffrage to all adult citizens regardless of
"A. S. WELLS,
Sec-treas.   B.   C.   Federation    of
Labor.''
Hudson's Bay Liquors
AT LESS THAN
Wholesale Prices
Special for Lines Advertised on This List Only:
Ou prices include war Ui stamps.  Ooods
We will PREPAY freight charges anywhere in British Columbia.
packed in plain cases.
Correction.
In the "down tools" vote by unions,
as published in Tho Fedorationist last
wook, thc ofliciul record taken at tho
convention waa that tho Vancouver
Motion Picture Operators wero in favor,
but this is stated to have been an
error, and thc union voted against tbe
policy.
Italian Swiss Colony AAA Port
Case
One dozen bottles 15,00
One dozen oval quart bottles for 17.00
Hudson's Bay Old Highland Scotch
Whisky
CaBo
Ono dozen bottles J16.00
Onc dozen oval quort bottlca for $22.00
Gooderhant & Worts' Special Rye
Our Own Bottling
Case
Ono dozen bottles for   S 9.60
One dozon oval quart bottles for  (13.00
Hudson's Bay Old Brandy
Guaranteed 7 Tears Old
Case
Ono dozen bottloa 118.00
Onc dozen oval quart bottles for   124.00
Holland Geneva Gin
R*d Outs
15 targe bottles, containing four gullon?   818.00
Hudson's Bay London Gins
London Dry—One dozen buttles   $11.00
London Old Tom—One dozen bottles   110.00
PHONE OR
WRITE
FOR
SPECIAL
PRIOR    LIST
Ye Olde Hudson's Bay Rum
Guaranteed Overproof Strength
Case
Onc dozen bottles for 116.60
Ono dozen oval quart bottles for  $23.00
Guaranteed same quality as imported by tu since
1670. Caso
Ono dozen bottles for   $14.00
One dozen oval quart bottles for  $20.00
WE HAVE A
RECORD   OF   2f.
TEARS OF
CONTINUOUS
TRADING
ALL CHARGES PAID
The prices named is this advertisement cover everything, including freight, war tax stamps and packing.
Hudson's Bay Co.
Wholesale Branch: 325 Water St., Vancouver, B.C.
Telephones—3 lines: Seymour 1670,1671, 1672 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY. September 14, Ml
VY/HEN a doctor with a world-wide
* \ reputation warns you that decaying and neglected teeth beget disease
of mind and body, it's time for you to
see Dr. Lowe—
Because
If you persist in neglecting that hole in your tooth you
immediately court all kinds of serious results, such as
described for your benefit on page six in last week's
Federationist by that eminent physician, Dr. Edwin V.
Powers, onc of America's foremost medical practitioners.
Possibly no other man in the medical profession has given
so much time and scientific research as Dr. Powers, and
therefore when he tells you that neglect of your teeth
means the "development of stomatitis, catarrh, tonsolitis,
sinus abscesses, gumboils; goter and glandular conditions;
tuberculosis, dyphtheria, smallpox, whooping cough,
measles and chickenpox; chronic rheumatism," etc., you
will appreciate the necessity of immediately telephoning
Dr. Lowe at Seymour 5444, and arranging an appointment with him in order to have the possibility of these
awful diseases checked before they become chronic.
An ordinary bucket of water would have
prevented most of the world's largest fires
if It had been put over the infant blaze at
its inception.
This is a fact realized by every man, woman arid child
in British Columbia: But it is a fact that is realized to
no greater degree than the faot that if you come to Dr.
Lowe in the early stages of decaying teeth, meet the condition .of your trouble in the most careful manner, It
is an accepted fact, acknowledged by all medical and
professional men, that Dr. Lowe has at all times practiced dentistry ip thc most scientific manner—by the installation in his operating room of the most up-to-date
• equipment obtainable; by the use of only the best materials that enter into modern bridge work, crowning or
filling of the diseased member; by adopting every art
and method that has been proven to relieve the pain that
was for years dreaded by those who did not realize
what science had accomplished toward the alleviation of
pain.
' i
Modern dentistry, as above described, and as
practiced by Dr. Lowe, has been the foun- '
dation on which the immense practice by
Dr. Lowe has been built.
Each and every patient that has, during past years
been fortunate enough to choose Dr. Lowe as his, or her,
dentist, has become a real advertisement for the doctor—
the highest class of advertising known—the publicity that
money cannot buy—the result of absolutely satisfied patients.
Ask your friends if they have had the satisfactory experience of having dental work performed by Dr. Lowe.
Yon won't have to go far to locate many within the circle
of your personal friends before locating those who have
been Dr. Lowe's patients—the people whose teeth you
have envied for years—those who tell you they have not
found it necessary to visit the doctor for a long time, because in the early stages of tooth trouble, Dr. Lowe had
done the work permanently; used materials that are recognized for their lasting qualities and thus placed your
friends in the position of never thinking of dental work
except with the satisfaction so generally enjoyed by patients of
Dr. A. M. Lowe
Opposite Woodward'*—corner Hastings and Abbott
Street* (upstair*)
The Sign USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard        Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
GOAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Pea Ooal for tou underfeed fttnuot)
£Mh __ • __
macdonalo-Marpole Co.
The Conscription
of Wealth
War Should Be Paid For As It Is Fought
i	
By G. STAFFORD WHITBY
Phona
Saunour^
eio
Phone
■Seunwtir
aio
km tun rant
THE COST of Canada's part in
the war will have to be paid
for in some way and at some time.
That is a primary fact of which
it cannot be said that the people of
Canada are showing serious appre*
ciation. It is a fact that, in the interest of the future prosperity of
the Dominion, and, as I shall suggest, in its important bearing on
the ethics of war-making, should
bc faced squarely. My purpose in
this paper is to consider the financial policy which thc government
has pursued in regard to the war
and to advance reasons in support
of the contention that the main
cost of the war should be met during its course by the conscription
of wealth.
Tbe War Taxes.
What has been done towards paying
for the war! Extra customs duties ond
a business profits war tax have been
imposed. Other taxes, yielding smaller
sums, such as the stamp tax, taxes on
bank notes, loans and insurance companies, have also been imposed; but the
chief war taxes have been the two flrst
mentioned. The customs war tax consists of a level duty ef 7 1-3 per cent,
on all articles (with, very few exceptions), including all articles formerly
on the free list. During the first yenr
of its operation (1915*6), it yielded
♦21,814,000, about $19,000,000 of this
sum being from the free list. Puring
1916-7 it yielded some $38,000,000.
It yielded far more than any of thc
other war taxes. And the point which
slu.jlrt bo particularly observed in relation to it is that it does not fall in
any special sense upon the rich. It is
spread over the people in general, as
indirect taxation, and serves to increase
the coat of living. It may be noted
that about 60 per cent, of the Dominion's revenue, even during war time,
is being raised by customs duties. This
fact itself indicates that tho rich are not
being called upon for such sacrifice of
their riches aB might reasonably be demanded at a time when the Dominion's
expenditure has become so tremendously
swollen.
■The business profits war tax was not
imposed until a year later than the
extra cuBtoms duties. It provided for
a tax of 25 per cent, on all profits over
7 por cent, in the case of companies
with capital in excess of $50,000. During the flrst year of its operation (1916-
7) if yielded $14,552,883. In the last
budget the tax was raised. In the debate on that budget, Mr. Middleboro
quoted a list of 22 companies whose
profits indicated a war tax contribution
during 1910-7 of $5,296,201. If these
companies had been paying the tax on
the basis to which it haB now been rais-
the war. How, then is the war being
paid forf Substantially, by loans.
Roughly Bpeaking, taxes are covering
■only interest on the war loanB and the
cost of pensions; tho capital cost of the
war is not being cancelled, but iB being
thrown on to the future. This is
brought about by considering the three
war yenrs, 1B14-7, together. It is true
that last yqar, when the total of Canadian trade, thanks largely to the export of munitions nnd tho high price
of cereals, was abnormally large, there
was a considerable surpluB revenue;
but, in viewing the threo years -together, it will be seen to bo mostly neutralized by the deficit which occurred i J
during tho flrst year of the war. "
Revenue.
1914*5   $133,000,000
1915*6     172,000,000
1916*7     230,000,000
Expenditure
$182,000,000
170,000,000
173,000,000
$535,000,000 $525,000,000
t (In thia table, in which amounts are
given only in round figures, expenditures on ordinary account and expenditure on special and capital account have
been put together. It was freely admitted by Sir G. Foster in the house
on Feb. 17, 1916, thnt they Bhould be
merged.)
Thus, viewing the three years together, the net contribution of revenue
to the capital cost of the war has been
only tho trifling sum of $10,000,000.
The expenditure tabulated above includes the payments which have been
made as interest on tho war debt and
nlso the cost of war pensions, but, of
course, it does not include the loans
which have been raised for the war.
This table reveals the most important
point which must be kept in mind in
considering the war finance of Canada,
particularly in relation to the future:
The war is being pnid for by loans. The
Liberals are in substantial agreement
with the Tories in this policy.
Rich Escaping the Burden.
It is now patent, even to the most
casual observer, that in Canada the
rich aro coming off 'absurdly lightly in
the matter of paying for the war. This
in addition to the fact that the fortunes
of many of them must be increasing
rather than decreasing. I havo pointed
out that the chief war tax, the extra
customs duties, falls upon all and in no
spcial sense upon the rich. I have
drawn attention to the inadequacy of
profits war tax. And the government
has until just recently resolutely refused to enact an, income tax. This matter of an income tax is worth examining a little. It may not havo been one
of the prime motives of the govern*
ment's war-time financial policy to
safeguard the pockets of the rich, but
such safeguarding has certainly been
one of the effects of the policy. The
government has professed, not perhaps
without disingenuousness, that its first
concern in regnrd to taxation has been
the interests of the smnll men.
Income Tax.
ed, their contribution would havo been „.„.„j .„ ,i,„ ..
$ll,127,329-a difference of $5,831,191.      Slr "■ whlt<! referred to the quest
And even on its present basis, the tax
is held by many to be inadequate.
I quote these figures of Mr. Middleboro's as an example which serves to
indicate thediliatorineBs of the government in taking or their reluctance to
take any substantial contributions from
profits.
It is interesting to observe that, on
the plea that they cannot reveal business secrets, the government has recently refused to give any details concerning payments under the profits tax.
The Trade in Munitions.
The sum of 14 millions odd, which
has been contributed to the cost of the
war by the btiBinefls profits tax up to
31st March this year, and, which wns
only 6,58 per cent, of the revenue for
the year 1910-7, looks meagre enough
when contrasted with the following
facts.
(1) The total volume of Canada's
trade, as »hown by the aggregate of exports and imports, experienced a tre
mendous increase in 1810-7, being $2,>
043,000,000, or almost twice aB lnrge as
in any year previous to the war. J
will refer to this later.
(2) The volume of trade in muni'
tions has been such as to make the sum
of 14 millions contributed by the profits of war tax look insignificant. There
is^ome uncertainty ns to the total value
of tho orders which the munition manufacturers have received. It has been
stated by one member of parliament to
be $1,500,000,000, but this is probably
an overestimate. Up to October, 1016,
the orders placed by the old shell committee and the present Imperial Munitions board totalled $550,000,000. In
the Houso of Commons it waB stated on
2nd February thiB year, on the authority of the ex-minister of militia, that
$700,000,000 had been expended in
Canada by tho British government in
tho manufacture of munitions during
the previous two yearB. On April 27,
this year, Mr. PugBley, speaking in
the house, put the value of the muni
tion orders at $850,000,000.
It would thuB appear that we shall
be safe in considering the amount spent
with the munition manufacturers up to
the end of the financial year, March 31,
to have been not .ess than $750,000,000.
The percntage of proflt on munition orders is admittedly very high. It has
been stated in the House of Commons
to bc one-third. At this fraction, the
profits which have been made by the
munition manufacturers in Canada
since the wnr began have been about
$250,000,000. And even if it is thought
that this figure is an over-estimate, it
will be ngreed that the figure hns been
a very large one and of this order.
Contrast with such . a figure the
umcMtit contributed to the cost of thc
war by the profit war tnx to the-same
date, Viz., $14,552,883. And observe
that, even of this comparatively small
sum, by no menns all came from the
munition manufacturerfl. What percentage of it enme from firms engaged in
the manufacture of munitions I ennnot
Bay, but, obviously, only a fraction of
It can havo come from them, for the
profits war tax applies to nil companies, and not to munition firms alone.
Throwing the Burned on the Future.
Por the present year the cost of tho
war was estimated in the budget as
$433,274,000. It will be clear at once
that the money which is being rnised by
war taxes is not covering the cost of
of an income tax in his budget speech
in 1915, and again in his budget speech
of 1017. He assumed that the tax
would start on incomes as low as $1000
or $2000 per annum, and indicated that,
since most incomes in Canada nre not
from investments, but nre earnings, the
tax would bear hardly on the generality
of poople, who are already feeling the
inroads which the increased cost of living makes into their incomes. Sir G.
Foster suggested that the presence of
nn income tax in Canada would net as
a deterrent to immigration.'
But why assume thot an income tnx
must Btart at a low level? Why not
direct it specially to securing a larger
contribution to the cost of the war from
those with larger incomes, such thnt,
even after paying a heavy income tax,
sufficient for a very comfortable living
would remain?
Sir T. Whift stated in the House of
Commons on Feb. 11, 1915, that an ii*
come tax, on tho same basis as thut in
force in the United States, .would realize no more than $2,000,000, and would
hardly be worth collecting. But Canada was then at war, and had to meet
vast war expenses; tho United States
was not at war and, as is well-known,
hnd had a long fight over the principle
of the income tax, and had applied the
principle only in a very moderate degree—perhaps pnrtly as the/thin end
of the wedge. On May 22 of this year,
the minister of finance again urged reasons for refusing to employ an income
tnx in Canada. He had come to the
conclusion, he said, that an income tnx
similnr to that in forco in the United
StnteB would realize only $5,000,000 or
$6,000,000.
The minister of finance haa stood out
againBt an income tax for Canada; and
it cnn be judged that the scale which
he hod in mind when discussing the
question on earlier occasions was very
moderate indeed. Contrast tho 5 or 0
million dollurs for which the minister
looked with the product of the income
tax in Great Britain.
The British Income Tax.
Tax starts at income of $050. This
amount is tax free.
Income of $1000 pays 6 per cent.
Income of $2000 pays 8 pr cent, if
earned; 12 per cent, if unearned.
Income of $5000 pays 12% per cent,
if earned; 20 per cent, if unearned.
Income of $12,500 pays 25 per cent,
whether earned or unearned.
Supertax begins at $15,000.
Income of $50,000 pays 83 per cent.
Income of $500,000 pays 41% per
cent.
Estimated yield, 191017, $885,000,000.
There nre no sufficient; data available to allow nny accurate calculations
being made us to the yield of an income
tax in Canndn. But tho figures relative to thc war-time/ income tnx in
Grent Britain suggest that an income
tax could be mnde to yield very much
more in Cunadn than the 5 or 6 million
dollars to which tho members of the
government confined their imagination.
The population of Canada may be as*
sumed to be 1-fith the population of
Great Britain. One-sixth of $885,000,-
000, the estimated product of the British income tax, is roughly $147,000,000.
So large a sum us this need not be ex-
petccd in Canada, however; for the tnx
should not Btart at bo. low a point, even
proportionately, as in Britain; rather,
as has already been suggested, the tax
should bc directed to securing from the
larger incomes., a reasonable contribution to the Dominion revenue during
war-time. And there are other -.considerations which may be advanced as further discounting the figure $147,000,000.
For example," the proportion of unearned income is probably smaller in Canada
than in Great Britain. But, even after
making liberal allowance for all such
considerations, and after allowing for
the exemption of all small incomes, an
income tax that made nny pretence to
being adequate to war-time coulu produce a large revenue, probably $75,-
000,000; certainly not less than $50,000,-
000.
Canadian Income Tax.
Since the above was written, the government, at last, after three yearB of
colossal war expenditure, during which
they have shown themselves strongly
opposed to the imposition of an income
tax or any other severo taxation of the
rich, such as might have reasonabfy
been expected, have announced that
they will bring in income tax legislation. They hope to obtain n revenue of
15 or 20 million dollars from the tax.
On the scale which they propose an unmarried man with tin income of $10,000
per annum would pny n tax of $400,
and would still retain $0600; a man
with an income of $50,000 would still
be left with $44,510, after paying his
tax of $5460. The government's plan,
further, iB to abolish thc profits wnr tax
when tbe in como tax is brought into
operation.
Canada's Increased Trade.
Practically speaking, capital cost of
the war is being met by loans. I have
already pointed oat how comparatively
meagre has been the nmount raised by
taxation for the war. This state of affairs may be contrasted, not only with
the value of th^ munition orders which
have been filled in tho country, but
also with the exceptionally prosperous
condition which, following tho drop
which immediately succeeded the outbreak of wur, has characterized Cuna*
dian trade iu general, as judged by
monetary valuoa. In the yeur 1915-6,
the balance of trnde, as it is called, wus
for the first time in history, in Cnnada'a
favor. In the. yeur 1916-7, the total
volume of external tvade was very remarkable, being by fur the largest ever
experienced and almost twice ns large
as it was in any yeur prior to the wur.
This is shown by the following table,
in which thc sums represent millions of
dollars.
Aggregate of exports and imports
(coin and bullion excluded): 1911-2,
841; 1912-3, 1003; 1913-4. 1090; 1914-5,
958; 1915-6, 1300; 1916-7,' 2043.
'Balance of trade (i. o., difference between exports and imports): 1911-2,
against Cnnada, 125; 1012-3, ngninst
Canada, 300; 1913-4, ngainst Canada,
180; 1914-5, ngainst Canada, 36; 1015-6,
in favor of Canada, 249; 1016-7, in favor of Canada, 314.
What of the Future?
Truly are the people long-suffering.
Did we not know how content the people are to be ruled instend of ruling,
even in "free democracies," we should
regard as strange the uumurmurring
way in which they are allowing the
cost of tho war to be met by Tonus,
which will not only handicap the fu
ture, but involve the payment of tribute, by way of interest, for years to
come, to the rich men, by whom for the
most; part, the loans are held, and who,
instead of providing that help to thc
community in its hour of emergency,
the ability to provide which has ulwuys
beea pleaded as one of the justifications for their existence, rather take
advantage of the country's necessity to
increase the etxent of their claims on
the country's labor. I do not wish to
rail ut the rich. They aro perhnps hardly conscious of whnt they are doing,
for they are afflicted, if nnything more
completely than the generality of people, with commercial ideas, which look
upon money as the final good. Thoy are
not able, even when most sincerely pntriotic, to forget "the business side
of a proposition. '
But, whatever may be the psychological side of the case as it relates to the
rich, it remnins a fact that u tremendous financial burden is being placed
on thc future and that the rich ure
putting themselves iu n position to
command still more effectively thnn before the products of thc country's toil.
The Burden.
The magnitude of the burden which
the financial policy of the government
is piling up should be cleurlylipprcciat-
ed. At thc close of the financial yenr
preceding the war, tho national debt
of Cunuda stood at $335,000,000. By
the close of the Inst financial year,
(31st March, 1017), it had increased by
about $600,000,000. Up to the sume
date, as already stated, the net contribution of the revenue towards paying
off the war debt had been the comparatively trifling sum of $10,000,000. The
wnr debt is now growing at a faster
rate than waB the case during the earlier days of thc war; and Sir Thomas
White, in his budget speech this year,
looked forward to the national debt's
being $1,200,000,000 at tho close of the
present fiscal year. It is almost certainly Bafe to say that, even if a definite move towards peace were to be
made shortly, thc national debt will
have reached $1,500,000,000 before demobilization Ib complete.
The War Charges,
Consider what thiB figure means. Thc
interest charges on the national debt in
the year prior to tho war amounted to
$12,893,000. An estimate placed them
in 1010-7 at $30,640,000. At the close
of the present year they are likely to
be about $08,000,000. And if, for the
purpose of gauging thc futuro charges
which war finance on the present lines
is Involving, we assumo that the debt
will be $1,500,000,000 when tho war
ends (and, nlasl who knows whether
the war will be ended during next year,
as this figure assumes?), then the national debt will involve interest charges
totalling some $77,000,000. If we allow
a sum of one per cent, for a sinking
fund, we shall sec that' the annual
charges for the national dobt will be
$02,000,000. If we moke allowance for
the portion of the debt nlready in existence before the war, wc shall see that
the nnnuul charges on the war debt will
bo about $70,000,000.
In addition there has to be taken Into
account the charges which pensions will
make on the national revenue. As the
war continues, tho cost of pensions on
account of it mounts rapidly. In 1915-
0 the payment for war pensions was
ubout two million dollars; in 1910-7, it
was about UV_ millions. If w-o ob-
sume that, even should peace be
brought about comparatively shortly,
the annual charge for pensions will, for
a considerable number of years after
the war, be in the neighborhood of $25,-
000,000, we shall probably not be going-
fur wrong. It Ib possible, indeed, that
the charges for pensions will be even
greater than this, not only on account
(Continued on page 7)
VIOTOBIA^ B. O.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269. Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Bead. .Phone 219.
HAMMOND. P. O.: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrub*, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Registered Offlee: VANCOUVEB, B. O.
!   48 Hastings Btreet Eaat,   Phones, Seymour 988-673.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.   Phone Seymour 9513
AERONUI CO.
Phone Bey. 2207.
AERONUI
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that every union man
ahould have, Simplicity, efficiency and
economy combined with a money saver
are the principal features of
AERONUI
::     ::   670 Richards Street
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
The
House
of
LECKI&
built its reputation 'upon the
popular lines of Heavy Footwear
for Loggers, Winers, Prospectors,
Farmers, etc., which were the
only kinds the firm originally
made.
The fame of "LECKIE
BOOTS" became so pronounced
that n strong demand arose for
similar excellent quality yet suitable modelB for city and town
"wear.
To the Banker, the Business
mnn, the Lawyer, the Office man
and men-about-town generally—
we present for your consideration Sixteen different lines in
Fashionable Shoes in all sizes
and widths with or without
"Neolin" soles. ■*.
Your dealer has them or can
get them.
Look for the namo "LECKIE"
on every puir. Hemember—The
quality goes IN before thie name
goes ON—That's a "LECKIE."
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, sliced, per. Ib 30c
Ayrshire Bacon SOo and 36c
Slater's Tea, lb „.. 30e
Slater's Coffee, lb 26c
Apex Jam, 4-Ib. tins 46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk  10c
Jcllo, 3 for „;. 25c
McDonald 'a Pork and Beans 10c
FRESH MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to All Parti
131 Hastings St. East   Sey. 3262
830 OranviUe St.      Sey. 866
3214 Main Street,    ralr. 1683
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutlngi Stmt Wert
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every Union Man-
is IT IN TOTOS7
—Phone Fairmont 2624--
CENTER & HANNA, UA
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOEOIA STBBBT
One Bloek west of Court Home.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymonr 2426
Phone Sermonr 4312
THE ALL RED LINE, LTD.
S.S. 'SANTA MARIA"
S.S. "SELMA"
Powell Elver and Vancouver
. Service
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from All
Traini, Boat*, Hotel* and
Residences
FURNITURE
—and—
Piano Moving
In Padded Van* by experts
Phone us day or night
Seymonr 404, 405
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Union Station
I. Hwui Sears    Offlc: sir. 41M
SEARS &PATTON
Biniitwi, S.licllon, Coit.j.itin, Elc.
Viotorla ud Vuconer
'••■»>'« OBeo: tig.; Rog.r. Bldf.
 VASOOnVBH. B. O.
PRINTING
COWAN * BBOOKHOUSS
Labor Temple Press    Ser. 4M0
ROYAL.
toM-Om
SOAR
THE ROYAL
CROWN SOAPS  17."
VANCOUVER BC
Hotel Canada
618 Bichards Stnet
VANCOUVER
(Near Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality FBIDAY...
..September 14, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TBADES ANO LABOR COUNOIL—MEETS
flnt »nd third Tlrandui. Executive
board; James H. McVety, jprmdent; Fred A.
Hoonr, vtM-presldeat; Victor B. Mldgley.
general leortUry, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, statistician; sergeant-at-armi, Qeorge Harriion; A,
J. Crawford. Jaa. Campbell, F. Halgk, tru-
ALLIED PBINTINO  TBADES COUNCIL—
MeeU   aeoond   Monday   In   the   month.
President,  Geo. Bartley;    aeoretary, B, H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 876.—OMoa,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets oral
Sunday of each month. -President. 3*um
Campbell; flnanolal secretary, J. Smith, 610
Holden Bldg.; Box 434; phone Sey. 2672;
"      - -        Wm. Taotttshaw,  Globe
irding
el, Mt
Hotel, Main itreet.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION-
al Union of America. Local No. ISO—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tmudaye In the month.
Boom 205 Labor Temple. President, L. B
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 1671 Alberni
atreet,
BBIOKLATEBS AND MASONS, NO. 1—
Meet 2nd and 4th Wedneadaya, 8 pan.,
Room 807. President, Chaa. F. Smith; corresponding seoretary, W. S. Dagnall, Bos 61;
financial secretary, W. J. Pipes.
BREWERY WOBKEBS, L. U. No. 281,1. U.
U, B. W. of A.—Meeta flrat and third
Wednesday of eaeh month, Boom 802, Labor
Temple, fl p.m. Preaident, F. Graham; secretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourth
avenue west.
BBOTHBRHOOD    OF   BOILER	
and Iron Ship, Bullden and Helpera of
Amorica, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meata
•very Monday, 8 p.m, Praaldant, A. Campbell, 220—2nd Street busineu agent, J. H.
Oarmlchael, room 812, Labor Temple.
INTEBNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
OPERATING ENGINEERS — Local No.
620. Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, D, Hodges; vlee-presl*
dent, P. Chapman; secretary-treasurer,
W. A. Alexander, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7486.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THI
Paolflo—MeeU at 487 Gore avanua every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.   Ruassll Kearley, buslneas
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO, 818
—MeeU. In  Room  905, Labor Templo,
every Monday, 8 p.m.   _.. , _. ...	
pougall^ 1162 Powell street ;_Moordiiip *_*_*_
Pmldent, D. W
uougan, aavs arvwrnu street: recording ■■»•«-
tary, John Murdoch, Labor Templo; nnanclal
aeeretary aud bualneaa agent, X. H. Morrison,
Boom 807, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Looal 88-52—Ottoa aud hall,
604 Pender atreet eaat. MeeU every Thuraday 8 p.m. Seoretary-treasurer. F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.	
L L. A., LOCAL 88-62 AUXILIARY—{Marine Warehousemen and Freight Handlers)
headquartera, 486 Howe atreet. MeeU flrat
and third Wednesday, 6 p.m, Seeretary and
business agent, E. Winch.   	
MACHINISTS,  NO.   182—MEETS  SECOND
and fonrth Thursdays at 8 p.m.   Preaident,   Wm.   Small;   recording  secretary,   J.
Brooks: flnanclal sscretary, J. H. MoVety,
911 Labor Temple.   Seymour 7496.	
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA*
tors' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. 8.1. fl
H. P. M. 0.—Meets flnt Sunday of eael
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. Prealdenl
J. R. FoiUr; buiineu agent, Bain Haigh,
icial and corresponding aeeretary, 0, A.
Hansen, P. 0. Bon 846,
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meeU aeoond and fourth Mondaya,
Boom 204, Labor Temple. Preaident, Ray
MeDougall, 1928 Grant itreet; financial aeo*
retary. J. Lyons, 1648 Venables street; ra*
cording secretary, E. Westmoreland. 8947 Pt.
Grey road.   Phone Bayvlew 2979L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS—Local fto.
188—MeeU second and fourth Thursdaya
of eaeh month, room 808, Labor Temple.
President, H. Pink; vice-president, R.
Spring; flnanclal aeoretary. G. H. Weston;
recording iecretary, D. Lemon, room 808,
Labor Temple.	
PIONEER VANCOUVER TRADE
UNIONIST PASSES AWAY
THB LATE JAMES BBOWN
With the piHaing nf "Jimmy" Brown, last Saturday, Vancouver loses one of its really
old-time trade unionists, Thp late Mr. Brown, internatlonl deputy of No, 1, B, C, for
the past 20 years, died at the General Hospital from a complication of diseases. He
had been ailing for two or three weeks but his friends seemed to realise how soriously
only a few days before he died. About a year ago hla only son died and since that time
the deceased seemed to be very despondent.    "Jimmy"  was a  familiar figure around
the Labor Temple, and was ex-presldent of Vancouver Labor Templo Co., being succeeded
only last year by R. B. Pettipiece. He had resided in the city for about 80 years, The
Brieklayera1 union took charge of the remains and deceased was  interred in Mountain
View cemetery on Tuesday, September 11. The union Bent a large floral wreath and
Mrs. "Jimmio" Haslett came In from Central Park to bring a choice bunch of flowers,
President C. T. Smith, V. Dickie, E. Macey, A. Grist, J. Milholm and J. R. Duncan acted
aa pall-bearers. "Jimmy" will be missed by many, as he was one of the staunchest
union men In Vancouver.
THE   CONSCRIPTION
OF WEALTH
(Continued from page 6)
BETAIL CLERKS* UNION—LOCAL 279—
Meeti In Labor Temple every flnt and
third Tuesdays, 6:16 p.m. President, Chaa.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; secretary-
treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1078 Melville
atreet, phone Bey. 5846R. K	
SHIPYARD LABORERS' UNION, No. 1566
•—Meets second and fourth Frldayi of each
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. Pnaldent, 0.
Soaras; reeordlng aecreUry, W. Hardy,' 446
23rd street west, North Vanconver; flnanclal
aeeretary, 8. Phelps.	
BTREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meeti Labor Temple, aecond and fonrth Wad*
neidayi at 8 p.m. Preaident, J. Hubble;
vice-president, E. S. Cleveland; recording sec.
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity atreet
phone Highland 168R; financial aecreUry and
business agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, ofllce corner Prior aid Main streeU.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 176—Meetinga held
flrst Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Preaident, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, W.
Larsen; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 60S; finanoial iecretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 928—MaoU
last Sunday of eaeh month at 9 nm.
President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-president,
R. G. Marshall; lecreUry-treaiurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 06.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OI* LABOB—IImU il
annul eonrtotton la Jaaoair. Eiewtiff
officers, 1017*18: FrHld.nl, J. Naylor, Boa
416, CambsrLnd: vlee-prwldeaU—Turn*
nr: Jaa. H. HeVatr, T. B. Hllilir. Ubor
Tempi.. Victoria: 3. Tarlor, Box Ills. Van-
esuTer Ialand: W. Head, Booth Wellington.
Prlne. Rnpert: W. E. Thompson, Box 094,
New Waetalnatar: W, Tatea, 106 London
•treat. Kootantr Dlatrlct: A. Goodwin, Boi
a«, Trail. Orowa Neat Vailer: W. B. Pkll-
llpa, 176 MePhei-eon avenue. Secretary*
treuorer: A. a Walla, Boi Ull, Victoria,
B. 0.
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA TBADEB AND LiBOR COUN.
OIL-Meeta (rat aad talrd Wedaeadajr.
Labor HaU, 1414 QoTornaent atreet, at I
p.m. Praaldant, E. Ohrietopfcer, Boz 117 i
Tluproaldent, Oarlatlan Blnrta, 1171 Dan*
aaa etreet i aearalarr. B. Blauuna, Boi IN,
Victoria, B, 0,	
HI W1ITMJHT1B. B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAOU1
of America, local 714, Now Weatmlaater.
lleeta aeoond Snndaraf each montb at 1*10
p.m.   HeeratarT. t. w. Jameaon. Boi dM.
 PBPTOB BOT1BT, B, 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Connell—Meete -aacond and fourth Tne*
dare of each month, In Carpentera* hall. Pre*
eldent, S.   D.   Haedonald; aoarotanr, 1, 1.
Anderson, Boi 871, Prlnee Rnpert, B. 0.
BOOTH WELLUIOTOM. V. I.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 173, U. St. W. Or A.-
Meeta aacond and foarth Bandar of each
month, at 8.80 p.m., Rleharda Hall. Preal-
dent, Walter Head; vlce-proeident. A. Weet*
ley; recording eecretary, Jaa. Bateman; flnanclal eecretary, W. Macdonald; treasurer, J.
H. Richardson.
Every Union in B.C. •_*___,
for THB nDIRATIONIBI In a body.
PAT TOR IT MONTHLY, quarterly or
yearly, ae best suits tha wishes of tha
membership. Submit a motion ll1 neit
meetini—and advise Tbo Federation!.!
of the result.
PffiK
r^S^   OP AMERICA   JcbT
Aak for thla Label when purchaalnf Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that It Is Union
Made. This Is onr Labal
SMITH'B BUTTON WOEKS
Hemstitching, buttoni covered, ical-
lopping, button holei, pinking, apong-
Ing and ihrlnklng, lettering, pint edging, pliatlng, rucking, embroidery,
hemming.
868 Granville 8t.
VANOOUVBB, B.O.
Phono Aay alti
1819 Doualaa It.
VIOTOUATB.O.
Phanall60
of the fact tbat, the greater the prolongation of the war, the higher will be
the number of disabled men, but also on
account of the fact that a higher rate
of pensions may be demanded by public opinion or may be forced by returned soldiers' organizations.
$100,000,000.
Tho sums mentioned above as likely
annual charges for the national debt,
and for pensions are together roughly
$100,000,000 per annum. This represents the burden of taxation which will
be left, even apart from any considerable prolongation of the war. This
charge of $100,000,000 is greater than
the total revenue of the country ten
years ago. Mr. Turriff, I notice, haB
just said that after the war $300,000,000
per annum will have to be raised. This
compares with about $170,000,000 bofore the war. .The present financial policy is indeed likely to involve, not a
reduction, but actually an increase of
taxation after the wor. In fact, if the
war should be seriously protracted—sav
for two yeara longer—it is quite possible, unless in the meantime the country
revolutionises its financial policy and
wipes out, by the conscription of
wealth, a large part of the capital cost
of the war, that the war charges with
which the future is burdened will represent a sum larger than tho total ordinary expenditure and involving a
very serious increase of taxation in
timo of peace over that which the country has been bearing in time of war.
Truly did the minister of finance,
Sir Thomaa White say, when introducing the budget in 1910-7: "It cannot ba
too frequently or too earnestly impressed upon our people that the heaviest
burdens of the conflict still lie before
i"    ■
Pay Now.
I remarked at the outset that a primary fact which those who have regard
for the future welfare of the country
should not allow to retreat from the
foreground of their considerations is
that the colossal monetary cost of the
war will have to be met at some time
or other, and in some way or other. I
will now ask when should the cost of
the war be mett And I shell contend,
by way of answer, Now. I shall contend that, both from the point of view
of the prosent and from thc point of
view of the future, such would be the
soundest and most moral course.
Note first, then, that to pay for the
war now would leave the country with
an unburdened future, enable it to
achieve a rate of progress and degree
of prosperity after the war that would
otherwise be impossible and, in/ regard
to its external trade, would put it in a
very advantageous position in comparison with other countries that have chosen to handicap themselves with vast
annual war charges.
Sir T. White was fearful that an in
come tax amounting to only $5,000,000
would discourage immigration and thus
retard the development of the country.
How much more fearful, then, should he
not be that the very much greater war
charges which the government's war
policy is laying on the future will retard development! .
Faying Over and Over Again.
Note, further, that, by meeting tho
cost of a war by heavy loans, you pay
tho aum involved over and ovor again.
Take the Napoleonice wars as an example. As a result of these the funded
debt of OTeat Britain aftor Waterloo
was £816,000,000. During tho succeeding forty years of peace before the Crimean war occurred, hardly £75,000,000
was paid off; and it has been calculated
that the people of Great Britain have
paid a sum of about £3,000,000,000 on
account of thiB debt—noarly four times
its amount—and have still failed to
wipe it off. And such is likely to be
the history of the debt which is now
being contracted by Canada, so long as
the control of the country is in the
hands of men who havo a tender solicitude for tho "rights" and privileges of
tho rich, men to whom any real conscription of wealth would forebode
"the end of all things," mon who positively plume themselves on pursuing n
"safe" and "'conservative" financial
policy.
Mortgaging Future Labor-power.
A heavy national debt—'' a first
mortgage on.the country," as it Ib attractively termed—represents essentially a means whereby the rich are enabled parasitically to drain the country's
wealth. It la true that a small proportion of the debt is held by poorer peo
ple, but when, after, the war, these
small holders realize how seriously they
too are being taxed for the benefit of
the rich, they will not, it may be hoped,
be any more content than the general
mass of working people that the burden
shall continue to be borne dumbly by
the country, and will not lend their
aid to tho rich for the defence of the
parasitic position of the latter. The
real nature of loans may be indicated
by a quotation from a recent press dispatch in which Professor Gide, an economist of the University .of Paris, tells
of the 'unshaken condition of French
finance, despite a colossal war debt.
This economist explains that the greater part of the war expenditure "is
what might be jailed fictitious, that is,
the transfer of money from the pocket
of one citizen to the pocket of another,
a transfer in which a great many new
fortunes have been built up but in
which the real riches of the country
have been left untouched." Tho real
riches of a country are the laboring
capacity of its population; and government war bonds represent, essentially,
a device by which those to whom, under
the present -peculiar constitution of human society, these bonds are issued to
secure a mortgage on the labor of the
population in the future.
Tbe Moral Check.
Serious as are considerations such as
those which I havo already advanced
for contending that the cost of war
should be met during its course, and
should not be thrown on succeeding
generations, I regnrd the moral aspect
of the matter( as it relates to the
ethics of mar-making, as more important. When people have given themselves over to war-making, one of the
few checks that can operate to halt the
passions which are inevitably associated
with the occasion and compel them to
attempt to justify themselves to reason,
is the cost of their continued indulgence. This drag on the wheel of national passion is particularly important
whon a war reaches a stage, such as
that at which the present war has arrived, when there is a danger of both
sides settling down into mere dogged-
ness, desirous merely of the feeling of
victory—the gesture of victory, without
troubling to tell themselves specifically
what, in a reasonable view, "victory"
is, and without weighing the cost.
This has been enunciated in words
that must now bc considered classical,
but that aro well worth quoting again,
: by Mr. Gladstone—and old-fashioned,
but well-intentioned staesman: "The
expenses of a war are the moral check
which it has pleased the Almighty to
impose upon the ambition and the lust
of conquest that are inherent in so
many nations. There is pomp and circumstance, there is glory and excitement about war, which, notwithstanding the miseries it entails, invests it
with charms in the eyes of the community and tends to blind men to those
evils to a fearful degree. The necessity of meeting from year to year the
expenditure which it cntnils is a salutary and wholesome check, making them
feel what they nre about, nnd making
thom measure the cost of the benefit
upon which they may calculate."
Mr. Gladstone proceeded: "Tho system of rnising funds, necessnry for
wnrs, by loans, practises wholesale, systematic nnd continual deception upon
the people. Tho people do not really
know whnt they are doing. The consequences nre adjourned into n far future. ''
It can confidently be proclnimcd that
the best moral sense of modern societies would kad to thc viow thnt wars
should be paid for und the entire burden of them so borne (except insofar
as their burdon inevitably falls as a
handicap on tho children whose upbringing is prejudiced by thom), by
thoso who wage thom, at thc time thut
they wago them. Deliberately to throw
ho financial burden of war upon tho future-, no mattor how specious tho pica
upon which such nction is taken may
appear nt tho timo, is, I believe, felt
by many persons to be essentially immoral. Somo of the moro goneral aspects of this importnnt mattor, including the light which history throws upon
it, I shall notioo Inter, whon considering tho doctrino in regnrd to it laid
down by the minister of finance. At
presont I nm concerned with it as it
relates to the provision of a check on
reckless war-making and, particularly,
when onco war has been engaged upon,
on the unduo continuance of war and
the dnnger of a belated ponce.
(To bo concluded noxt week)
Movie Men Move.
The Vancouver Theatrical Federation, which is composed of the operntors, stage employeea and musicians,
have moved their headquarters to now
offices on the third floor of tho Labor
Temple. '
AMAZING
Are the wonderful bargains that await your
early inspection at Vancouver's great new
bargain house—the Liberty Store.
Our methods of buying mercantile stocks at 50 cents and 60
cents on the dollar enables us to sell direct'to the workingman at
far less than most retail merchants must pay wholesale. Thousands of people are making the Liberty Store THEIR shopping
headquarters. Why don't YOU make THIS store YOUR store,
and save on every purchase. v
Our ironclad guarantee "Your money's worth and MORE, or
your money back," applies to every article that leaves this building. Come tomorrow—Saturday—or any day next week, and
look through this big store and its mammoth bargains.
519
astings
St.w
SALE STARTS
DAILY at 10 a.m.
FOOTWEAR
Ladies' Fine Pumps—All sises; all
styles; reg. from $5 to (9: about
450 pairs In the lot. <ftO QQ
While they lest  ?*.»0
Men's  High-Gride  Oxfords—Regular
 $2.98
to $9.00.
Clearing Price .
MEN'S SUITS
Hundreds  and hundreds of  Hand-
tailored   Suits,    msde  by   America's
leading  manufacturers,   to be   sacrificed during this great event:
Lot Men's Suits—Begular     £K QQ
to »16.00.    Our price .... *\»>*vO
Fancy Worsted and   Tweed   Suits—
g;r^l0..'.a.a:.6.0:. $10.98
Fine Serges, also Brown and Greys,
in neatstrlpea and cheeks^ regular
to 125.00.
Our Price .
$12.98
Big range of Superb Quality Suits ln
the most advanced models for men
and young men. Regulai $1A QQ
to $27.50. Our Price ... V".*"*
Men's  Pants  — Regular  to  94.50.
Herges,   Tweeds  and tfO QQ
Worsteds. Our Price   *?**!FO
92.50 Fine Shirts—In very   «1 QQ
neat patterns. Our Price... ▼*•*»
92.60 Ladles Waists—
Our Price ..........................
vests.   Our Price .
94.60 Skirts—
Our Price, only .
79c
LOOK!    LOOK!
SOO pairs of Ladles Fine Shoes that
were made for ladles with Cinderella feet; sises 2% to 4 only;
values In this lot to 98 »n 49 QQ
99.   While they laet fMO
Ladles' Shoes—All sises and styles;
regular from 94 to 97.60. «Q AR
Our Price ...... 91.98 to   *»•«>
Classic Shoes for ohlldren; CI QQ
values to 98.76. Our Price. t*M»
35o and 40c Drummer OAt* 90*
Boy Hose. Our Price    **ty *SC
300 Children's Stockings— IQp
Our Price      *•*'
75c Sllkg-
Our Price, per yard —....
39c
14c
20c Prints,
Our price, per yard ,\
91-00 Dress Serge— CQa
Our price, per yard .....™  w**
Watson's All Wool, Woolsey's Fine
Cashmere and other leading brands
of the finest Underwear made, that
soli regular to 93.50, « QQ
going now at  -...  -f*eeTO
STETSON HATS $1.98
John B. Stetson HaU—Regular 96 i
all sises; neat, conservative shapes.
While they last $1.98
25c Garters—
Our Price, Only .
85c Work Shirts—
Our Price 	
40c Cashmere Socks—
Our Price —-,.—....
Arrow and W. G. k R. Collars
-—Our Price, each ......—w...
91.25 Shirts—AU sises.
Our Price   —.......
91.00 and 9125 Heavy Ribbed
wear—wool mixed.
Our Price . «,.	
14c
10c
49c
Under-
49c
24c
98c
$1.00 Cape—Big assortment;     KQ-
all sises.   Our price   *"v
500 Suspendera—
Our Price ~	
92.00 Sweater Coats—
Our Price  .	
94 Heavy Flannel Shirts; all alses;
all colors. f 1 QQ
Our Price  f leW
75e B. T. D. Underwear-
Our Price —™~.».
200 dos. Heai
wear—Reg
Our priee
94.50 White    and
Pants.
Our Price ...
49c
 \t_ Ribbed Wool Under*
wear—Reg. #1.60 to 92. ftSfi
mrlped Flannel
^^^      $1.98
RAINCOATS
One of tke largest etoeks of Bala*
coats la B, 0. It hep. for your ta*
speetlon.    Ererjr one at a  Bargala
Pries—
Vohee lo 110.00—
Oar Priee ...	
Values to 111.00—
Oar Price .—
Values to $95.00**- C11QB
Our Price 112.91 to ?1*«W
$4.98
$15,000.00 STOCK
OF HIOH-OBADE MEN'S CLOTHING, HATS, BOOTS, SHOES,
FURNISHINGS, LADIES' APPABEL, DBT OOODS, ETC., ETC.,
BEING SAOBITIOED.   OOME AND SAVE.
NO RESERVE      NO LIMIT
THE ENTIBE POLSON - SPEEBS DEPARTMENT STOBE,
BOUGHT IN ENDBBBT, B. 0., AT Ue ON THB DOLLAR, IS
BEING SLAUGHTERED AT PBIOES THAT ABB THB TALE
OP THB OITY.
C/Zmm/I'S GREATEST BARG__m' JTOtVaAE
LIBERTY /TORE
owned er operated _wme COltTOLIDflTED l__3L-U__WNZ BROKER/
319  M/K-r-Tirsdmr s
WE.-^T
BUiSCOlrmBO OZ*D   *-**2
Great Sacrifice Clearance Sale
OF THE   LARGE  STOCK OF  FINEST  IMPORTED
WINES and LIQUORS
'    Of the HOSE & BROOKS CO., Limited
A FEW SPECIALS GIVEN BELOW
IMPOSSIBLE TO ADVERTISE ENTIRE STOCK
Liquor* from the Wood.
CANADIAN EYE   Per Gal.
H. & B. Old Bye $3.60
B. C. Old Special $4.00
Goodcrham & Worts $4.60
Walker's $6.00
SCOTCH Per Oal.
H. & B. Old Matured $6.00
Donald MacGregor $7.00
Cattos Extra Special $8.00
BRANDY Per Gal.
Jacques Ladue XXX $7.00
Vallier Pine Old  $7.60
Barnct & \Elichgarohy $1.00
GIN Per Gal.
H. & B. Old London Tom $4.00
H. & B. Holland Geneva $4.60
H. & B. London Dry $4.76
RUM            Per Gal.
H. & B. Old 38 $8.00
Liquors in Cue
'CANADIAN RYE
Canadian Rye, 12 bottles $9.00
G. & W., H. & B. bottling $10.00
Special Old Rye $12.00
SCOTCH
Invarary Fine Old, 12 bottles .... $12.00
Donald MacGregor XXX  $14.00
Mackie's O. V $14.00
BRANDY
Jacques XXX Cognac, 12 bottles $13.00
Vallier Pine Old XXX ,.. $16.00
GIN
Superior Old Tom Monarch
tics 	
12 bot-
. $10.00
Geneva, 15 large square  $17.00
Holloway Dry London, 12bots... $12.00
RUM
Old 38Rum, Jamaica, 12 bots... $14.00
WINE SPECIALS
FINEST IMPORTED FRENCH
Medoc, per case $6.00
St. Julien $6.60
Margeaux  $6.00
Lcovillc  $9.00
La Rose $9.26
Pontct C'anct  $8.00
Bcaunc    $7.00
Pommard   $7.60
Burgundy  $7.00
CALIFORNIA WINES
Bottled at Winery
Riesling _ $6.00
Moselle   $6.60
Chablis   $8.40
Zinfandcl  $6.00
Burgundy  $6.60
Table d'Hotc $6.60
St. Julian  $6.60
Margaux  $7.00
War Tax Stamps Extra
California Wines in Bulk at Very Low
Prices
All goods guaranteed or money refunded. Out-of-town orders carefully packed. Please be sure to enclose money or express order with order. The time is now very short before the Prohibition law comes
into force, and as stocks are going fast would suggest ordering at once.
The Hose & Brooks Co. Ltd.
504 Main Street . Phones sey. 8258, 8257, 8259   Vancouver, B. C. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
I do right work
at a right price
—Whenever any reader of The Federatlonist Is in need of dental
attention, consult me.
MY special training enables me to promise you the "best" in
any form of dental work—Crown and Bridge work, dental
plates, etc., the kind of work that lasts and will give perfect satisfaction.
MT office equipment enables me to carry out the latest and
most scientific methods in doing my work. It includes a
high-power X-Ray apparatus for taking films of teeth, and thus
making "sure" work where ordinary dental methods are insufficient.
My prices are reasonable—just ae low as they can be made with
regard to the use of the beet grade of materials and that degree
of workmanship which assures you of reliable attention.
Phone Sey. 3314
Appointments may be
made with dental nurse.
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dunamulr Frivite entrust
At the J.  N.  Harvey,  Ltd. Clothing Stores
THIS COOLER WEATHER MAKES ONE THINE OF
Heavier Underwear
Shirts and Gloves
___________________________ i.
We ham a toe stock bought long before preeent high prices, -whicli w»
are Belling at prices that should interest you.
Men's Fine Balbriggan Shirts and Drawers    50c
Men 's Fine Balbriggan Combination, at fl.00
Men's Merino Shirts and Drawers, at......     76c
Men's Fine Elastic Rib Combinations, at .'. 92.00
STANFIELD'S and other reliable makes of Shirts and Drawers, at $1.25
$1.50, $2.00, $2.60 and $3.00 each.
Combinations in same, at $2.60, $3.00, $5.00 and $6.00
MEN'S WORKING SHIRTS, in large variety) prices ranging from 75c
to  : ,  $3.50
MEN'S WORKING GLOVES, in cotton.....    16c
MEN'S WORKING GLOVES, in leather, 50c, 75c, $1.00 to $2.00
MEN'S GAUNTLET GLOVES, 60c, 76c, $1.25 to $2.00
Our stores are headquarters   for  fully  guaranteed   WATERPROOF
SUCKERS, which are sold here for less money.
Two Reliable Stores for Item in British Columbia
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
126-127 HASTINOS STBEET WEST      ALSO 611-616 TATES STREET
VANCOUVER VICTORIA
YOU   WILL   WANT   TO   SEE   THESE
ATTRACTIVE SILKS
DUCHESS MOUSSALINE
30 inches wide, in a most interesting range of shades, including emerald,
buttercup, amethyst, smoke, apricot, cerise, nigger brown, saxe, Copenhagen, flesh, <nuvy, maize, sky, nile, black and white, We have put a
specially low price on this silk of, d*|   QC
per yard %pl«73
PAILETTE MESSALINE
36 inches wide, in practically all wanted shades. Make a point of examining this line of flne silk; you will be interested. d*1 Of
Our special price, per yard \yiaaCD
SABA BROS,, Limited
THE SILK SPECIALISTS 652 ORANVILLE STREET
Mr. Shaw Would Like You to Have Our
New Catalogue
MR. SHAW wants every mother and father
to secure a copy ot our new interesting and
fully Illustrated catalogue. This is a publication of considerable interest in homes
where there are babies—mid it is sent absolutely free opon request.
Strong, serviceable and comfortable baby
cars, made and designed in our own local
factory, lowest pocsible prices for cars of
this standard. See our dls- Ai* *§___'
play. One specially good \1U fk
English style car sells W I Vi f V
for ■
Shaw's Baby Cars
(O.  S.  SHAW * CO.)
904 ROBSON   —   Opp. Cout HOUN
Do your teeth
need attention?
AN honest reply to this enquiry from the great majority of readers would be "Yes."
There are but few things that people are so careless about
as their teeth. First, they neglect giving them ordinary
care and, when defects appear, they constantly put off
giving them attention.
',":'. Delay in attending to yoar teeth iB dangerous,
'" —to the tooth itself for neglect means its absolute loss,
'"i '"'* —to adjoining teeth for decay, once started, spreads
XX' rapidly,
"'      —to your health, for there is no such thing as perfect
_-f health and defective teeth,
—to your appearance, for bad teeth are a blot on any
. _ ' countenance.
Come to my office nnd let hie examine your teeth. I will then
give you honest advice as to their condition, and, should you desire
me to give them necessary attention, "will do the work skilfully
and thoroughly, tho permanency of the work being covered by my
ten year written guarantee.
My charges are reasonable.   Special provision made for prompt
treatment of out-of-town patients.
nam Sat. 3331
Eliminations
mad* by phone
appointment
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street West, Cor. Seymour
THE WAR Ell
ACT A FfniNG
Some Trite Comment Upon
Doings of a Moribund
Government
The Capsheaf of Political
Impudence and Low-
Grade Intrigue
[From The Voice]
Intolerance, There is more intolerance in certain sections of Canada in a
square yard than in a square mile in
Qreat Britain. The more repression of
the public mind the greater is the instinct for resistance arointed, and you
can hear it on all sides by quietly talking to the people and getting at their
private opinions. The attitude assumed
by the '' capitalistic big business
newspapers of this city haB its reflex in
the minds of the people that freedom
of thc individual iB an alienable right.
If they continue their course it will
mean defeat of the objects for which
they are striving. * * * Win-the*
war party—win-the-war government-
has fallen on barren ground. What the
people want is a government for Canadian people and not a game of bluff put
over. The people want candidates who
will deal with domestic affairs and set
our house in order. Big bjBiness rule
will cease after the next election, and
the people will have some say—which
is not the case under the present regime. * * " The War Election Act
has been introduced in the house. It is
a fitting climax to the high-handed proceedings that have been carried on by
the Borden government at Ottawa this
session. Of all Prussianized methods
this bill in plain English states you
must be for Prussian methods otherwise
you are disfranchised. If you are a believer against the shedding of blood,
you are disfranchised. (How about
that, ministers of the gospel, and brotherly lovef) The bill iB one that out-
Prussians the Huns, and is in itself a
blow at democracy and a disgrace to
the Canadian people, not to say anything from a constitutional point.
* The proposition of giving votes only
to the women who have relatives at the
front and not to all women is simply
nonsense—absolutely undemocratic from
every point of view and should not be
tolerated for a moment by the people.
Either give every Canadian woman the
right of franchise or else none. It is
just another evidence of the Borden
outfit gone military mad and ought to
come out plainly, nnd state military service is the qualification for the ballot.
What a spectacle for a moribund, last
gasp, group of incompetents to dare to
legislate away the ballot of Canadian
citizens.   "Whither are we rushingf"
• * * In the United States they
have adopted similar tactics as have
been adopted in certain sections of
Canada, and have gone even further by
the action of that governor in seizing
the socialists' headquarters in Chicago.
Such actions can only lead to greater
resistance by people of independent
thought. And while certain states have
refused the right of assemblage to a
peace meeting, it is not in keeping with
the boasted democracy that we hear so
much about from our friends to the
scuth. * * * It is a terrible blow
to the loyalty of big business when the
British government placed tbe embargo
against Canadian foodstuffs in certain
lines because the prices were too high.
They have also ceased to. order munitions. Is it for the same reason? Our
newspapers, do not explain. There's u
renson. * * * A newspaper report states that the pensions of the soldiers will be increased by 60 per cent,
by an order-in-council in the next few
weeks. Is this another eleetion dodge!
If the government means business, why
do they not bring in a bill to that effect and make it an act of pnrliainont
and not an order-in-council! There is
a big difference between the two. If
parliament passes it it takes an net of
parliament to repeal—If the govern-
ment-in-council passes it it can be re*
pealed in council.
MINE RESCUE WORKERS
WILL HOLD FIELD PAY
Met ln Nanalmo Laat Sunday and Decided to Hold Competitions
at Ladysmlth.
A meeting of the Vancouvor Island
Mine Safety association wns held in the
Nanaimo Kescue station last Sunday,
the following delegates being in at*
tendance:
Bevan—0. 0'Brian and Mr. Brown.
Cumberland—Chas. Graham and D.
Stewart.
South Wellington—J. Neen.
East Wellington—C. Dickinson.
Ladysmlth—-D. Martin.
The officers of the association were
also in attendance, viz.: H. N. Freeman,
Nanaimo, president; T. A. Spruston,
Ladysmith, vice-president, and W. H.
Moore, Nanaimo, secretary.
The meeting decided to hold their
second annual field day in first aid at
Lndysmith on Saturday, Slept. 29, the
programme of events comprising /first
aid contests for thc B. C. Mines cup,
five men a side, prizes, gold and silver
medals for first and second prizes; con*
test in first aid for the Coulson cup,
five men teams, prices, gold and silver
medals, presented by the St. John Am*
bulance association.
There will also bo contests in first
aid by two-men tenms and individuals,
and demonstrations of the Draeger apparatus for five-men teams, for which
gold and silver medals will be awarded us ilrst and second prizes. In connection with tho Draeger contests un
effort is being made to nave tho several
cdiil compunies on the Islnnd jointly donate a shield for competition annually,
the winners to have thoir names inscribed on the shield year by year.
Engineer to Be Married.
Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Beasley of Mount
Pleasant announces the engagement of
their daughter, Winifred, to Fred Mc*
Grew of Viotorio. Thc marriage will
be solemnized in Christ church, Vancouver, September 22, Mr. McQraw is
th second engineer of tho C. P. R.
passengor steamer Princess Chnrlotte,
and1 a well-known union man. His host
of friends among organized labor will
wish him evory possible happiness on
thc "sea of matrimony."
New Fall
Suits to Sell at
$27.50
THE WOMAN who anticipates purchasing a suit
now will flnd it to her advantage to investigate tho
models referred to here.
These are developed in
good quality gabardine in
green, brown, navy and
also black. The coat is
made with deep collar,
box pleated back, full belt
and breast pockets, while
the model buttons close
up to the throat and is
lined with white satin.
Skirt is plain tailored, is
gathered and has half-belt
at the back. All sizes from
16 to 42 are available at
the one price—
$27.50
The Art Needlework
Classes Meet Every
Day from 9 a, m.
Until 5 p. m.
FREE instructions with
' all goods purchased at our
Art Needlework Section.
Special classes for school
children on Saturdays.
Pay a visit to the Art
Needlework Section now.
It is situated on tho Third
Floor.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
...September 14, 191
REEVE RUM
Ineffectual Attempt to Get
a Shipbuilding Contract
for South Vancouver
No wonder Reeve Russell, tbe big
noise of South Vancouver, is figuring
on becoming u candidate for honors at
the forthcoming federnl election. Russell has u reason. He has made no
bones about being angry becauso South
Vancouver didn't get u regular ship
to build, instead of a vestpocket proposition such ns Harrison & Lamond
were trying to flout for awhile. Russell
roars like a lion when things don't
suit him, so he is proceeding to roar
like sevorul lions now, and the couneil
is roaring behind liim.
And it is little wonder, as said before, Russell and his council did everything thoy could to get a contract.
They boosted for one, worked for one,
and probably prayed for one. If they
didn't pray they did everything else.
.Tust imagine, they even went to tho
Conservatives as a party, and wanted
the party to use its influences with
Harry Stevens, federal member, to get
South Vancouvor a ship to build. Down
on their marrow-bones, as it were. ..   ;
If that wasn't bemcaning enough,.
what was? Truly, Russell did about |
all he could.
And now he's hot. All South Vancouver got in thc way of u ship to
build, was that contract which Harrison & Lamond had and tried unsuccessfully to raise money to carry out.
It is said that Russell's hectic decision to enter the Dominion politicul
gamo came after a meeting in the office
of Leon Ladner, also an aspirant for
federal honors in South Vancouver, and
a close-up Conservative, On this occasion, Russell and Ms band of councillors met the Conservative executive, or
a piece of it, rather, in Ladner's offico in the Rogers building. It was
about June 19.
In the South Vancouver party were
Reeve Russell, and Councillors Pollock,
Qrimmett, Connocher and Bennett.
Stewart Campbell was also there. That
ought to have been imposing enough
to get a wholo fleet of ships. But it
wasn't, strangely.
Which rohnnds one that there's always a reason, even reason for Reevo
KubbcII.
TORIES TRY TO USE
1 CURRY
IN
No Head Is Too High for
Ottawa Politicians to Use
to   Save   Their   Own
Appeal for More Men Said
to Be Made Out of
Whole Cloth
Some time ago there appeared a pitiful appeal credited to General Curry,
head of the Canadian forces in France,
for more men. This unquestionably
was unother piece of flimflam such as
the Ottawa government is using to
force the people to put it back into
power where its friends can continue
to squeeze more proflt out of the war,
General Curry is reported to never have
mentioned anything of the sort. It
was made .ip for u purpose.
In fact, there is a well-authenticated
report going uround thut Gen. Curry
privately denied the story, and Beemed
rather upset thut he should have been
made to appear as going over the head
of the commanding officer of British
arms in France, and that he was being
made a political general, whichyhe was
not.
It is said, to Sir Arthur's credit, that
he has kept out of politics. That is,
he has been engaged on war since going across, and left his politics buck
in Victoria with his other peaceful
pastimes. But he is not in a position
to publicly deny that he originated the
appeal for men. Perhaps, were he
free to say what he thinks, he would
say thut a big gap in the ranks would
be nicely filled by sending across to
France the crowd of Canadian political
officers strutting round dear old Lun-
non.   And strutting nrojnd home, too.
How about it?   '
ISSUES NOTICES TO
CET ON VOTERS' LIST
Books Close at the End ef Tills Month
end All Should Oet Buiy
At Once,
Joseph Hubblo, prosidont nnd noting
business ngont of the Street Builwny*
men's union, wishes to draw to tho attention of every member of tho 'union
tho fact thnt tho civic votera' lists cIobo
nt the end of this month, nnd impress
upon them tho necessity of getting on
tho list whother tenants or owners, be-
fopr the timo cxpincs.
It is cipcctcd thnt by tho 27th of the
month n new running sheet will be post-
od. So fnr as known, there is to be
very litlto change in the schedule
"As a mcosuro for self defense the
govornment is at tho presont timo trying to minimizo the robbery of tho people. Tho worker nro organizing, not
with thc purpose of minimizing robbery, but to destroy it."
OFFICIAL   LIST   OF
DELEGATES AT LAST
COUNCIL   MEETING
Attendance Roll Prepared by Statistician Fred. Knowles of Central
Labor Body.
I. L. A. Aujilinry—E. Winch, W. J.
Gillespie, B. Sollis, W. Stcen.   '
Bricklnyers—W. Pipes.
Berbers'—C. E. Uerrit, S. H. Grant.
Bartenders'—O. Weir.
Bookbinders'—No delegates.
Brewery Workers'—J. l'ike.
Boiler Makers'*—J. McAninch, . W.
Marshal, Young.
Iron Workers'—R. Massecar.
Cigar Makers'—No delegates.
Civic Employees'—V. R. Midgley, G.
Harrison, J. McFarlane.
Cooks' and Waiters'—A. Graham, J.
Ricard, Miss GtashofT, J. Garner.
U. B. of (0, and J.—G. C. Thom, J.
R. Campbell, W. Thomas, A. McDonald,
G. H. Hardy, J. H. Copping.
Amnlg. Carpenters'—R. Jackson,
Deep Sen Fishermen—No delegates.
Electrical Workers'—H. Woodside,
E. H. Morrison.
Garment Workers'—Miss Bennett,
Miss I,. Haigh.
Firemen—H. Steon, S. Jackson, W.
Fox, M. McDonald.
Hod Curriers'—No delegates.
Machinists', No. 777—F. E. Edney.
Letter Curriers'—F. Knowles, J.
Cass, J. Dodd, R. Wight, N. Barlow.
Longshoremen—G. Kelly, A, Tree, J.
Kavdnnugb.
Lathers '—No delegates.
Machinists', No. J82—J. H. McVety,
A. R. Towler, G. Lyle, .7. Brookes, W.
M. Hawthorne.
Moving Picture Operators'—E. T.
Holdsworth.
Molders'—J. Dickenson.
Musicians'—No dolegates.
Pressmen—No delegates.
Plumbers'—A. Cowling, J. Rose.
Pattern Makers'—No delegates.
Pointers'—H. Grand.
Press Assistnnts'—No delegates.
Pile Drivers'—W. F. Ironsides, M.
Nash.
Plasterers'—G. Rush.
Retail Clerks'—C. D. Bruce.
Rly. Mail Clerks'—No delegates.
St. Rly. Employees—J. Hubble, F.
Hnigh, J. Rigby, A. V. Lofting.
Sheet Mctnl Workers'—A. J. Crnw-
ford, J. W. Friend.
Sailors'—P. Peel.
Shoe Workers'—T. Corey.
Stage Employees'—A. Harrington.
Shipyard Laborers'—M. Phelps, F.
Talk.
Steam Engineers'—W, Alexander, J.
R. Flynn, D. Hodges.
Shipwrights'—No delegntcs.
Steam Shovel and Drcdgcmcn—W.
Cochran.
Tailors'—Helen Gutteridge.
Typos.—C. Benson.
Tllelayers'—No delogntes.
Telegraphers'—E. F. Bailey.
Teamsters'—J. Poole, Sampson,    B.
Showlcrs, A. H. Kempton,
North Shoro Civic Employees'—F. H.
Loon, 0. H. Rathbono.
Visitor—R. T. Freeman, Victoria,
Total, 83.
F. KNOWLES, Statistician.
A New Service
and a New Department
Claman's Limited
announce the opening of their
Boys' Department
Saturday, September 29th
Discriminating mothers and fathers will await this
opening before purchasing their Boys' Pall Clothing
c
'MMtor HART,KHAFFHW-lWWWOflNEfe
feHimiNiS
iaWunnao
155 HASTINGS ST. W.
Now Is Pickling: Time;
Here Is  Useful Advice
SALTED CORN
Water-tight kegs or tubs, or crocks,
may be used for salting com.
Do not use any containers made of
yellow or pitch pine.
Wash thoroughly and steam kegs,
crocks or other containers to be used.
Husk the ears of corn and remove
the silk.
Cook in boiling water for ten minutes.
Cut corn from cob with a sharp knife.
Weight tho corn.
Use a quantity of salt equal to one
fourth weight of corn.
Spread a layer qf corn 1 inch thick
in the receptacle to be used.
Sprinklo heavily with salt.
Continue adding layers of corn and
salt until the receptacle is nearly full.
Cover wth cheesecloth and clean
board cover.
Place a clean stone for a weight on
the bourd cover.
Set the receptacle in a cool plaee.
If a brine to cover has not formed in
24 hours pour enough strong brine over
the com to come up to the wooden
cover.
As soon as bubbling, which will be
slight, hus stopped, cover the surface
uf the brine with hot paraffin to form
an air-tight cover.
To Make Strong Brine.
One pound salt.
Two quarts water.
Stir until salt is entirely dissolved.
At tht Orpbtum
lbat Vancouver will be privileged to witness the best of vaudeville this winter li
contained in an announcement made hy Mr.
.lames Pilling, resident manager of tbe Orpheum that the stage Ib all set for the season 1917-1018 and next Monday wll) nshor
In tbe season witb a remarkably good and
well-balanced bill, There are seven high-
class acts Btartlng with eGorges Mark's
Jungle Players. Mang & Snyder are up-to-
the-minute songsters. ("The Night Boat"
is the sketch of the week. Norwood & Hall
nre fashion plates, singers and dnncera. Col.
Diamond and His Granddaughter will he the
flrst on the bill in a sketchctte of terpsichore
culled  "Age and  Youth."    Charlie Howard
The Long-Distance Telephone becomes more popular every day.
' Reasons: Directness of conversation
is not reached In the written communication ; you speak with the party
you want; you receive your answer
immediately; no journey is required;
distance Is eliminated; the weather
does not count.
What better Bervice would you desiro I
BBITISH  COLUMBIA   TELEPHONE
COMPANY, LIMITED
Pantages Theatre Back to Form,
If the management of Pantages theatre had been ablo to place almost any
one of tho acts on this week's bill beforo thc patrons last week, Tho Federationist might havo felt inclined to
modify itB criticism of the show. The
fact is that this week's performance
was as good as last week's waa bad.
There is not a poor number on the bill,
and right from the rise of the opening
curtain tho audience is kept in the best
of htitaor by clever and novel actB that
are seldom equalled on the coast. The
entire bill iB a credit to tho management of the theatre, nnd iB receiving
the patronage of organized labor.
Oood Show at Empress.
"The Old Homestead," this week at
thc Empress is packing tho house. It
is a good show, well acted. The Empress stock company deserves much
prniBC for the offering this week. "The
White Sister," is the title of next
week's offering. Tho management says
much for it.
Broadway.
"The Girl PhilHpa," which is one of
the moBt Interesting stories ever filmed,
is the title of the play at tho Broadway.   It Is a Bplcndid picture.
Every Union Man Who Visits
the Latyr Temple
Should patronize the
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
COSTS NO MORE,
BUT IT ALL HELPS
li a scream on Orpheum time and will are
sent "Oared," a prohibition playlet. Pranki
Heath Is a charming singer. All her song
are new and original, There will be thi
usual pictures and musical numben from thi
Orpheum Peerless Orchestra.
CONSCRIPTION AS VIEWED
WHERE PEOPLE HAVE SA1
"Conscription haB robbed the British
er of his right to a conscience, and es
tablished a military dictatorship al
over the country." No, it's not fron
one. of Brookfield's speeches, but I
statement by the Age's London corres
pondent. The following is also fron
his pen: "People of means are im
plored by the food controller to sub
sist on luxuries, and to leave the low
priced necessities to the poor. The pool
cannot afford to pay 1/0 per lb, foi
new potatoes grown under cover ii
Jersey, or 26/- per lb. for strawberriei
grown in English hot houses." Whj
can't they! We have been assured thai
the English worker never made suet
enormous wnges or enjoyed such luxuries as they do now. Anyhow, if th«
war is serious why grow strawberrieg
when Lord Hobnob's 26 bob would pny
a week's wages for 3% "Tommies?"—
Labor Call.
KINO OF BICYCLES
They ara tha finest bit of workman*
hip in tba bicycle world; 8 different
models Id variety of colors.
Pricei from 142-60 to $05,00, oa
•ut payminti 11 dailrod.
HA0KZN8 * ELLIOTT
"Tha Pioneer Bicycle Store "
sit Howo st.   m ______ st w.
TOUB HEALTH DEPENDS   |
ON YOUR FOOD
Milk
It the Natural Food
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food expert,  says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in the faot that it is a complete food."
When you drink a glass of
milk, coating 2%o, you fortify
your body with as much energy
and nutriment as you would obtain from a can of tomatoes or a
half-pound of chicken.
Eat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ice Cream.
Be Healthier,
Spend Less.
DAIBY   PEODUOTS   PUBLICITY BUBBAU
The Place To Clothe Your B03
SUITS—Tweeds, Serges and Worsteds to It boys and youths, 2 to 18
years; made Norfolk, Sports, Pinchback and other styles; good wearing qualities; all prices.
ODD PANTS—Corduroy, Tweed, Serge, Velveteen, White Drill and
Serge, in 17 sizes, from 2 years up.
HATB AND CAPS—Up-to-date in many styles.
UNDEBWEAB—Shirts, Shirtwaists, Sweaters, Stockings, Overalls,
Night Shirts, Pyjamas, etc.
OOTTON SUITS and Straw and Cotton Hats.
ALL ON SALE NOW
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
TeL Bey. 70S
HEN'S AND BOYS' OLOTHINO
309 to SU Halting! Street Weat
WE WIU KEEP YOUR FAMILY ON THE PAYROLL
WHEN YOUR NAME DROPS OFF
THE MONARCH LIFE ASSURANCE CO.
C. A. CBYSDALE, Manager for B. C.
411 ROGERS BUILDINO
Pkone Sey, 6770 for appointment and we will arrange same for your
convenience.

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