BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Aug 24, 1917

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345198.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345198-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345198-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345198-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345198-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345198-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345198-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array ■*********■■
NINtfHYEAR.   No. 34
Reported He and Members
of Cabinet Will Make
Excuses for Conduct
.Government Wants to Get
Out of Serious Obligation
to People  of  Interior
[By a Staff Correspondent]
1 ed, is soon to gather about him
such memberB of his cabinet as will
travel with him, and hie them to the
far beyond. Thnt is, to the Peace
River country. The premier, and probably his cabinet also, has at last rolled
over and listened to the call of the
,Pehco country. So they are going to
tale a big, expensive trip for which
the taxpayers will go down in their
jeans. Brewster, Oliver, et al, trust
no one. They wouldn't tale nn engineer's report of the Peace country,
while, as for paying nny attention to
Charles E. Tisdall, former member for
/this city who spent some months in
the Peace giving it the once-ovor for
general information purposes, it would
never do to listen to C. E., for was he
not one of the Bowser gnngl One
might thinl Brewster nnd his satellites
would quit squealing about the high
cost of government, at leaBt until nfter
they havo finished with a few Buch
jaunts as they contemplate. Perhaps
tho premier is ablo to travel on his
face, and carry hiB ministers on it, nnd
thereby save the taxpayers money for
the trip. But it is safe to guess thnt
a thousand dollars won't cover the
cost. In other words, it is only the
prico of a couple hundred poll taxes.
, With the poll tax, and tho surtax, the
, doubling of tho ponnlty for owning a
farm in this provinco nnd farming it,
it is easy for tho government fo enter
upon petty extravagances which nro a
worse irritant thnn a big expenditure
for a respectable purpoee. Tho renson
the premier wnnts to visit the Pence
| country is to satiBfy his curloBity. That
is his mako. The development of the
province daring bis reign will be nb*
solutely limited within the scope of
his intelligence—very limited as it
were, ono must admit. In this tho
/premier is stamped like old "Honest
John" Oliver. But thoro ie one thing
about John. He's ' rough nnd ready
nnd doesn't try to be oily. As men
turned before, tho cabinet crowd is going to visit the Peace, out of curiosity,
and, incidentally, do n bit of campaigning on the side, and try to square the
government by honeyed words with the
natives of the Fort George and Pence
district whom the government's email
perspective has cheated out of a railroad upon which to ship their goods
to market. Also, this narrow, suspicious
disposition of Brewster, Oliver, et nl,
bids fnir to postpone the building of
the Pacific Great Eastern railway in*
As a mntter of fact, it begins to
look very much as if the Y. G. E. scandal, so-called, isn 't any scnndal at all,
insofar as the contractor, P. Welch, is
concerned, though the Bpecial legislative committee which "investigated,"
tried its best to mnke good and besmirch the contractors. While the average "blanket fltiff," or the men who
perform the grent labor of building
railroads, are not alwayB very friendly*
disposed toward the same Pat Welch,
tbey do not think he would stoop to
the things intimated q-guinst him by
tht«P. G. E. inquistion. But the government, on the hustings, had roared
and bleated about this railroad and
the "boodlers," and wanted to make
good with the public. It came down to
this sum and substance: The promoters
ef the line divided up a sweet piece of
coin, and with part of it they crossed
the palms of the politicnl parties. The
naughty Conservatives probably got
the biggest slice, but then, the pure,
democratic dears, the Liberals, they
got a slice, too, and the public was
quito shocked that such things could
be. But, worse than that, even the
premier himself is reported to hnve
authorized taking boodle from nnother
public Borvieo corporation—the B. C.
Electric—to help defray campaign ex-
penses. Took some 45,000, tho "official" provincinl Liberal party did.
And admitted it.
However, to return to the P. G. E.
It came to pass, during thc investigation, that things began to be apparent
reflecting discreditnbly upon those
whom it were best should be protect*
ed. In other words, the thing got bo
hot they had to drop it. So it was
taken to court to settle. The courts
will deal with it fairly and justly.
Something a political investigation
would not, probably if it could. S. 9.
Taylor gets n fnt thing out of it, if
he charges for his legal learning, and
nobody ever accused 8. S. of not charging. Bather his roputation is that his
services como high.
It cornea down to about this: the
government would probably build the
line if it could with a wheelbarrow.
But It is such a tremendous undertaking it is past comprehension; so the
premier is going to take a little trip
up into tho country it will tap to find
out if, nfter all, they need the blamed
old thing, anyway. Why not pull up
the rails and send them to Europe!
Thnt would ho a good way for thc government to dodge this monstrous responsibility. Dodge it if it could. But
the rub comeB in thnt the owners of
tbe line, Foley, Welch & Stewart,
whoso notes the government bncked
nnd now Beeks to repudiate, have an
equity in the property. Surely it is a
worry I
Miners Want lncreaae*
Negotiations are pending between
mine owners and the Hcdtey Miners'
and Millmen's union for a wage in*
crease based on tho increased coBt of
living. The minors hnve been working
( for a scale bnsed on tho price of copper Howover, though copper is going
np, Its rise doesn't approach tbo ascension of tho cost of necessities of life.
Trades and Labor Council Is
Arranging for Cracking
Good Time for All
Lord High Executioner Lays
Down Law to Would-be
Wage   Criminals
[By S. D. M.]
PRINCE RUPERT, B. C, Aug. 20.—
There was a good attendance at the
semi-monthly session of the Trades nad
Labor council on Tuesday evening last,
and a considerable amount of business
was diBpoeed of. President S. D. Macdonald occupied the chair.
It was decided to go ahead with the
annunl Lnbor, Day celebration, and a
strong committee, consisting of J. Vier-
ick, 8. V. Cox, B. T. J. Rose, J. M. Car*
michael, C. F. Kemp, Seeretary W. E.
Thompson and President S. D. Maedonald were givea full power to carry the
celebration to a successful conclusion.
For the past few yearB Labor Day has
been the big sporting event of the
northern metropolis, nnd the committee
will set to work with this in mind.
The committee appointed to look into
the conl question justified their creation
if for no other renson than the fact
that it brought to the attention of our
•jit'zens that thc Cold Stornge Co und
the Grand Trunk Pacific railway are
able to sell coal to their empolyees at
*8 a ton, while the coal dealers of this
city charge 012. In view of the excessive price pnid by the citizens it was
thought by the council thnt such a state
of affairs wbb to Bay the least unsatisfactory, The committee was retained
on the good work.
The executivo committee reported
on the bringing in of outside lubor from
Victoria, and tho discriminating of mechanics, when nny work "happens" to
be doing nt the drydock—tho famous
three-million beauty, and the only one
of ita kind innctivo nt this period of
the world's history. Some months ngo
there was little dispute as to tho rote
of wages and apparently the matter
was sottled by the naval officer in
chargo nt Prince Rupert seeing the jus*
tice of tho men's demnnds, and promis*
ing to use his good offices at headquarters. Not so with the Lord High Executioner at Esquimait, however. In
wrathy terms did ho state that if tho
Rupert mechanics were not entitled
with his pittance he would bring nil the
lnbor he required from the capita! city.
This threat he carried into effect nnd
on the Inst job on thc drydock, Ru*
pert lubor was conspicuous by its nb-
sence, nnd here we nrrive nt the bone
of contention; the fact thnt union
workers from the coast come here to
accept temporary employment—with n
♦2.50 per dny board bonus thrown in—
wliilc members of the snme crnft in thiB
city are on the unemployed liBt. Some
squnre deal (!) The coast members
have promised to co-operate ia aa adjustment.
■ A committee was appointed to consider a local oasc respecting the application of the Workmen's Compensation
Act. A worker who wns injured reeently in Rupert on applying for medical aid was informed by two members
of tho medical fraternity flint they
were not anxious to handle compensntion casea. The lnbor council wfll.en*
deavor to find out why.
It was unaaimously decided to send
representation to the convention at
Vancouver on Labor Day, when the
mnin question to be considered will be
Labor's attitude on conscription. While
the proposition to give the B. C. Federation executive power to cnll a general strike 'was defeated by a very
large majority, the workers of Prince
Rupert do not propoae to submit to
Borden's plan of conscription. Tho local centrnl labor body recently pnssed
a resolution pledging itH, support to the
cause of tbo Allies, nnd adding that
that cause can beBt be served bv the
conscription of wenlth nnd industry
preceding that of manhood. This resolution wns passed by n very lnrge majority.
It was brought to the notice of the
council thnt the factory act is being
violntcd by certain institutions in this
city. ThiB will receive attention at
The council meetings nre being well-
nttended—twenty being nn nvernge at*
tendnnce. ThiB spenks well for a city
the size of Princo Rupert, nnd the field
still looks promising from n labor
And nover mind whnt the Knocker
snyB it docsnt' alwaya rain in Ruport
Will Sand Delegates.
The next meeting of the Trndes nnd
Lubor council will see delegntcs from
the Blucksmiths' anion which hns de-
elded to nffilinte with the centrnl body.
Fine Aggregation of Patriotic Talent Boastfully Entertains Itself With Bombastic Utterances—With Stereotyped Concatenations Makes Welkin Ring Raucously at
Horse Show Building—Noisily Demands More Blood and Gore and Hungers
Mightily for Return of the "Press Gang"—"The People Speak" They Do
IT IS "WELL KNOWN that little dogs may always be relied upon to bark lustily and with great display of courage on behalf of their masters. They spring to the task spontaneously, as it were.
They do not oven wait for word of command. Instinctively they scent the approach of danger
and give noisy warning thereof, and should the master but whisper the suggestive "seek 'cm," thc noisy
racket they, will kick up will so enlist the attention of the entire neighborhood as to make it appear
that events' of great moment are at hand. Even curs have been known upon occasion to noisily yap
in some given direction as though danger approached therefrom, while the master was purloining sheep
or carrying out other criminal intent in quite another quarter. Sometimes ours manifest almost human intelligence in such matters. They seem to instinctively divine the particularly human thing to
do in aid of the aims and ambitions of their dearly-loved masters. In this rcpect their ways may be
well copied and followed by the human canine, if such there be, who happens to be fitted for the delectable billet of Berving masters with dog-like fidelity and perseverance.
SUNDAY, Aug. 20—Typographical Union,
MONDAY, Aug. 27— Amulgiimn-
ted Engineers, Boilermnk-crB,
Put tor n mnk ors, U. B. Carpenters No. 617, Electrical Work-
era, Steam Engineers, Iron
TUESDAY, Aug. 28—Barbers,
Machinists Nu. 777, Bro. Luco,
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 20—Metal
TradeB Council, Teamsters and
FRIDAY, Aug. 31—Pile Drivers
and Wooden Brldgebuilders.
SATURDAY, Sept. 1—Bakers,
The Raucous Backet.
Throughout the length and breadth
oi the land there ascends to high heaven a perfect din of yaps, howls and
squawks in denunciation of all and s.in-
dry who may not be tonvincingly impressed with the necessity or advisability of surrendering tho last vestige
of liberty to the sinister purposes of
those reactionary forces in human society that always find their opportunity for rejuvenation in the atrocities
and horrors of war, and were never
known to allow such an opportunity to
pass unnoticed and unprofitcd by. Although Canada has already voluntarily
thrown into the hell of blood and
slaughter conjured forth by the brutal
and bloodthirsty ruling class of Europe
more than 400,000 of her sons, while
the equally brutal and conscienceless
ralers of the Dominion have at the
same time fastened upon the future a
debt so prodigious that it can never be
wiped out, though succeeding generations sweat blood and die from exhaustion, all the yappers and boosters in the
community are lustily and disgustingly
yapping and howling that more human
beings shall be hurled to the sacrifice,
and the burden of debt piled still higher
upon tho futare. So far have they gone
in their vulgar subservience to the
blood and plunder appetite of the great
masters of industry and exploitation,
that they openly and brazenly proclaim
the ending of all human liberty, and
the return to absolute powers of the unbridled and unquestioned tyranny of
thc dark ages.
What Lies Behind It.
It needs no argument to prove the
so-cnlled "selective conscription" now
alJout to bo put into effect to be nothing bat a return to days of the "press
gang," that peculiarly British institution that illumined the pages of her history with such a glorious effulgence
down to comparatively recent times.
Enforced military service in foreign
wars. That is what it really amounts
to. Men are to be seized and thrown
into tho fiery furnace of dynastic and
cIbbs wrangles' in bloody Europe. And
if that were all it would not be so bad.
From conscript militnry service to conscript industrial Bervice is a short step.
In fact thoy are practically one. Once
conscript military service is innugjr-
nted, the way to quell evory outbreak
of labor unrest and Bmother every
working class aspiration for relief from
the .miseries heaped upon it by the brutal exactions of its masters and exploiters is opened to tho latter and we
who know them aro fully aware of the
manner in which they will use the opportunity thuB afforded. As there has
nevar yet been any official call or demand from the entente allies for more
men from Canada to be slaughtered in
Europe, and there iB every reason to be
assured that a shortage of men is the
very least of their troubles, the only
conchiBion to bo drawn is th'at the real
purpose lying behind the conscription
infamy is something entirely different
to what has been protended. No observer of current events can fail to note
tho continually increasing unrest
among the workerB, not only of Canada
but of the world. That this is due to
the continuully increasing economic
pressure being brought to bear unon
them through a constantly lessening
wage and aj constantly increasing speeding up st industry, is equally plain to
bo Been. In the face of this it becomes
a matter of imperative necessity that
the workers be deprived of all legal
right to struggle against the increasingly oppressive und unbearable conditions
which ruling class sagacity and "business foresight" iB continually forcing
upon thebi. That is why conscription.
The voice of labor is to bo stifled in all
matters relating to conditions of cithor
work of slaughter. Tho workers are to
be set at either task at the will of
their masters, and tho "press gang" is
to be revived for the purpose ofi seeing
thut they respond to the domands made
upon them.
"The People Speak."
On lust Tuesday evening n meeting
wns held in the interest of that excellent copy of Prussian military autocracy anil tyranny, that tho powers that
be in the British -empire fleem determined to fasten upon all British people.
Tho US'Jul bombast and piffle was, of
course, prolificnlly indulged in. Great
glee wub manifested bv the local daily
sewer pipes of tho following morning.
One of them spake editorially and with
great profundity under tho caption,
"Thc Peoplo Speak." True they did,
too. There was an excellent aggregation uf talent upon the platform, mostly
composed of lawyers, with a sprinkling
of rev. principals and plain rev's., mayors and ex-mnyora, chamber of commerce dignitaries and business men, female politicians and some af the other
sex, C. P. H. officials and real cstnte
worthies, a lieutenant-colonel, and a
private, Bowser and a police magistrate.
Some talent that, especially for the
purposo in view. Not a progressive
mind in the whole bMtich. Nothing
above the level of a dull mediocrity
that is too painful to listen to in thc
sober times of peace and only to lw endured in tho drunken days et war and
pestilential slaughter and devastation.
Among the whole lot, thc speakers as
well as those who merely adorned the
plntfortn with their presence, and added
to thc impressivencss of the occasion
by their decorous and convincing silence, there was but one who might be
reasonably supposed to have ever did
anything useful during his or her earth-
(Continued on Page 0.)
Carpenters are warned to stay
away from Trail. TJhc warning
Is issued by Victor Midgley, business agent of the TradeB and Labor Council, following information that the Trail smelter has
locked- carpenters out. The smelter management insists that carpenters work on Sundays, and
those who refused were met with
a lockout. Business Agent Midgley has received the following
telegram, which is self-explanatory: *
Trail, Aug. 21, 1917.
Victor Midgley,    Labor council,
Many of the carpenters have
been locked out at the Trail
smelter for not working Sunday.
Balance are acting in sympathy.
Please advise our local and Federationist letter following.
Secy. Carpenters' union, No. 285.
Men Have Decided to Demand Eight-
hour Day—Union Takes in All
Mill WorkerB and Loggers.
About 350 sawmill workers met last
Sanday afternoon in the first organization meeting 'this cluss of labor here
has ever held. The men have decided
to ask for an eight-hour day. A union
charter is being secured from the International Timber Workers, and the
union will be in good shape in a short
time. It is understood three Hindu
sawmill workera have applied to join.
The union will take in all sawmill workers and loggers. The shingle weavers
have a separate organization, Victor
Midgley, businesa ugent of the Tradea
and Labor council, occupied the chair.
Addresses were delivered by Business
Agent Rnyner of the shingle weavers,
who are now on strike, and also by
Business Agent Alexander of thc steam
engineers, and J. H. McVety, vice-president of the B. C. Federation of Labor.
Some Employers Reported To Be Discharging Men Who Have
Joined Union
The newly-organized union of teamsters chauffeurs, helpers and stablemen
met Wednesday night and appointed a
committee to visit various organizations and get them to insist that any
deliveries to them be by union men. Organized labor can assist the Teamsters'
union very materially by insisting that
milk wood, moving and other deliveries
to their homes be by union men.
It was reported some employers are
discharging men who have joined the
union, hoping thus to create a demand
for non-union teamsters. Kempton and
Showier were elected delegates to the
TradeB and Labor council. The union
decided to raise the initiation fee one
dollar a month until it reaches $5. The
union will meet at the Lubor Temple
every Wednesday evening.
No one has ever accused the
Hindu of ii lack of imagination,
and, according to tho following
incident, some Hindu imagination is running strong to white
women. Hundreds of Hindus are
employed in British Columbia, by
the wny, nnd the uvcrage white
woman never expresses any fear
of them, for they have become
so common. Nor does a woman
pay any especial attention, nor
hnve any fear.1*, at Bome of the
bold, leering glances of the black
eyes peering from under dirty
But there is one girl who has
ti great fear of Hindus now. This
young lady was waiting for a
Fourth avenue cnr to come downtown tho other duy. Two Hindus
camo along. She pnid no heed to
them, for there arc many Hindus
in that particular section of the
city. In fact their temple of
worship is there.
However, the girl's surprise
may bo imagined when the Hindus stopped before hor. "How-
do, miss," snid one. Thinking
they wanted to ask an address,
or have an address interpreted,
which is a frequent request of
the Vancouver Hindu, the girl
replied civilly.
Imagine the shock she received
immediately she replied, when
onc Hindu said to lier: "White
men pretty soon ull killed, and
Hindu murry white girl."
NecdleBs tu way this particular
young lady feels like crossing
thc street every time she sees a
turbanned Indian now.
Musicians, Picture Operators and Stage
Employees    WU    Visit
Wigwam Dm.
It isn't often that theatrical employees can get away for a holiday, bnt
when they do nobody on earth has a
better time, so that is why the basket
picnic of the Vancouver Theatrical
Federation, of musicians, moving pic-
tare operators and stage employees,
promises to be such a big success. The
picnic will be nt Wigwam Inn, that
picturesque little resort nt thc mouth
of Indian Eiver The picnic date is
next Sunday, August 26, bo don't forget. There will be band and orchestral
music, and opportunity for hearty recreation and enjoyment. Qet out of
town on Sundays. It's good for health
ond disposition. The theatrical employees offer a splendid opportunity to
spend a fine dny with them. The bont
leaves the foot of Gore avenue at 10
o'clock in the morning. Tickets nre $1
for adultB and 50 cents for children of
12 or under.
Important Business to Be Considered
at     Next     Two
Ab there are several unfair firms in
this vicinity ull machinists coming to
Vancfl.iver should call nt Labor Temple
before, looking for work. Furthermore,
never a day passes but employers apply there for competent machinists. So
many firms have found this a satisfactory plan of getting inen that some
days the representatives are kept busy
filling orders. The union mnn is the
right kind of man to get, and employers, for the most part, find that it pays
to bc fair to organized labor.
On Tuesday evening, Local 777 will
meet and a number of membership applications received since the last meeting will be dealt with. The members
of this local are doing excellent service to the cause of unionism in refusing to handle the product of the unfair workmen.
The Machinists' lodges joint committee will meet on Saturday afternoon at
2:30 in Labor Temple, Vancouver, to
hear reports of the locals and make
final arrangements for the appointment
of a business ngent.
Thc strike situation at the Vnncouver Engineering WorkB will be considered und »(>*«. action decided upon to
reorganize the picket system and more
fully udvertise the trouble. During* the
pnst' week the New Westminster machinists presented a proposed agreement
to all firms in that city asking for the
same rates and conditions as exist in
Vancouver and Victoria. The city is
well organized and the machinists are
determined to procure the desired conditions. The time limit expired on
August 27 and unless there are prospects of a satisfactory settlement action will bc taken.
Rossland Chinks Form Union.
The celestials of ItosBlnnd, who have
heretofore been glad to push thc bucksaw for $1.50 per cord will no longer
do this, it being reported that the
Ohilnnmeh have organized themselves
into a litle close corporation and will
not saw any wood in future for less
than $2 per cord. When it comeB to
paying a "Chink" $2 per cord fov
woodcutting, it looks very much like
the high cost of living hnd surely reached us to the limit. An opportunity for
u live wire citizen to get a gasoline
portable sawing outfit uud go to work
systematically is open for someone with
an eye to b.isiuess.—Kossland Miner.
Compensation Board Ib Receiving Much Criticism
for Delay
Committee Want to Receive
Any Data In This
i    Connection
Complaints ngainst the Workmen's
Compensation board are to be taken to
headquarters by a committee of the
Trades and Labor council and the B. C.
Federation of Labor, as soon as an appointment can be arranged with the
chairman of! the board. The committee
of Joe Hubble, street railwaymen; 0. J.
Kelly, longshoremen, appointed by the
Trades and Labor council, has joined
with the B. C. Federation of Labor
committee) of J. H. McVety, Vancouver;
WellB, of Victoria, and Yates of New
Westminster. This joint committee iB
gathering data bearing upon the numerous complaints against the compensation board, which seems, bo far as any
ability goes, to.be decidedly lacking.
The administration of the act has received general criticism from workers
all over the province, and complaints
are being gathered by the committee
which, when it has them in proper
shape, will pat them squarely up to the
board, and demand on behalf of the
workingman some signs, that the board
is really in existence. The. board has
had plenty of time, to get thoroughly
organized. There seems to be no legitimate excuBe for the delay in payment
of compensation under the act to those
entitled to it.
If tho committee fails to receive satisfactory assurances from the board, it
isthe intention to take the matter up
with the cabinet, which was responsible
for the board's appointment.
Just when the committee will go to
Victoria cannot be told at present, for
there is considerable data to be arranged and more to be received.
The committee desires any one having complaint to make, to hand such information to any member of the committee, which naturally wants to go to
Victoria well armed. Those with complaints should come forward with them,
so that they may be taken up with n
view of getting the subject straightened
out, nnd working for the benefit of
workmen, aB it wub originally designed
to. The act, in order to be of any
benefit whatever, must be properly administered, and the committee is determined to do all in its power to this
Will Join With Rest of Lumber Industry Employees In Organization Campaign.
The fllerB, who attended n meeting
held in Vnncouver last Sundny, have
decided to call a meeting of all filers
working in the timber industry, to meet
at Labor Temple, Vancouver, 3:30 p.m.,
August 26, for the purpose of drafting
a wuge scule, arranging working condition, und discussing any other matters
that mny come before the meeting. The
following committee hns been nppointed to arrnnge details: A. Raynor, A.
Corbin, R. Grant, H. Anderson J. Allison, W. Firrier. H. Gallant, A. McDonald, M. White, D. O'Dounell, N.
Ball, H. Welsh, J. Dunn, E. Larson, and
C. Daucctt.
About 75 Members Have Joined the
Union and Will Have Three Delegates  to   Central   Body.
Civic employeeB of North Vancouver
now have an active union, something
which they have felt the need of on
the north shore for a long while. The
union numbers about 75 memberB, and
this number is expected to shortly be
increased to one hundred at least. The
North Vnncouver civic employees have
elected three dclegnt* to the Trades
and Labor Council.
Butchers Will Organise.
Plana are Uitder way for the organization of butchers and meat cutters into
a union. Prospects arc good for an
eurly meeting, at whieh oomplete success will be reported.
Some figures which, will be interesting to many persons who have been
criticizing tho enlistment figures of Quebec. In rcflpect of recruiting in the various provinces throughout the Dominion a list of figures was recently tabled in
the House by Mr. W. S. Middlebro, Conservative member for North Grey, Ont.
This list gives the number of men enlisted and the percentage of enlistment of
of the Dominion.   The figures nre us follows:
Number     Percent of
Province— Population recruited   population
Qjebft    2,008,712 44,000 2 1-4
Prince Edward Island           98,728 2,700 2 7-8
New Brunswick        851,880 17,500 5
Ontario        2,522,074 108,800 0 2-3
British Columbia        892,400 30,200 ]0
Alberta           374,003 35,000 0 1-3
Manitoba and Saskatchewan        948,040 70.500 0 2-3
Nova Hcotia         402,330 22.300 4 1-2
A recent statement shows the number of Hritish bom (bom In the British
Isles) and also gives the percentages uf native born in six of the nine pruviw.es
of the Dominion   The figures ure as follows:
Hritish born    Percent to
(burn Brit. Isles) native born
Quebec   *...        08,000 3.7
Ontario         840,000 17.
Manitoba  )         01,000 34.
Saskatchewan          77,000 '30.
Alberta  00,000 40.
British Columbia         107,000 03.
A careful study of these two tables proves that in every province where there
is a large percentage of British born (bom in British Isles) enlistments fur the
Canadian Expeditionary Forces hirve boen good. In fact, these figures prove
conclusively the more "British-born" the greater were the enlistments.
If Not Why Are Bye-elections to Fill Vacancies Not Held?
Or Is It Merely a Matter at
Political    Mediocrity
and Low Intrigue?
[By a Staff Correspondent]
Isn't It nbout time the people ot
Vancouver knew who ie to repreient
It, '." 'Jl" 'ogj'hture in the place of
the late Hon. Ralph Smith! And tho
tame of the people of Newcastle, Al-
berni, and also Similkameenf The
BrcwBtor-Oliver government doea not
seem to have been able to master np
nerve enough to bring these election*
on. At first they were waiting till
equal suffrage became operative.
Whereupon it did, they counted women's noses and decided they just
didn't want to get their feet wet yot
So next they decide* to wait till prohibition becamo operative. Either
shortly before October 1, or shortly nfter, one would suppose the by-
elections will be brought on now, ui-
less the powers that be can find another
oicuse with which to allay fears. It
was expected the adjourned legislative,
session would have determined something about the byeleetions, but it did
W. J. Bowser, leader of the opposition, challenged the premier to bring
the byeleetions on, and assumed »
cocksare tone which the premier wu
Inclined to take na bombast. However.
Mr. Bowier had just come from a visit
to the weat coast of Vancouver Island,
nnd it is said thnt he mnde the boast he
would keep the government during the
ndjourned session dodging for two
months. Well , he didn't, though
through no fault of his. He did, however, manage to kick up n lot of duat
during the four-days' session.
The outburst of the former premier
may result in a similar political journey. On this, probnbly two or three
ministers will go. It may be expected that cither Mr. Bowser will be following government political mission!
ubout, or ministers may be trailing tho
erstwhile premier every time there ie
dust enough to leuve trucks
Mr. Bowser may be expected to make
a great ado .about the closing session,
und the many thingB which he desired
to bring up, all, of course, "in the interest of the province." There ia no
doubt he cnn have a heap to sny upon
the subject, too, and if he gets away
to n good start it will take a lot of
explaining, Ab n matter of fnct, the
members wanted to get home as soon
us possible, und most of them did. Ae
t'nr ns intentions went, they nttended
the ndjourned session to deal with the
prohibition mutter nnd nfter tbis was
disposed of tlicy did not believe there
was nny sense in taking up other public questions ut this time—some of the
members. Some were rnthor in favor
of cramming the Bowser assertions
buck down his throat, figuratively.
As onc member said, "If we stay,
nnd let him talk, he'll talk for three
hours!" Thc other replied, "Well, if
we don't stay, he'll talk for three
montliB." And there yon are. Whether it were better to remain and listen
for three hours, or go nwny and plug
one's enrs tbnt wns thc question, the
grent question supposed to huve boen
decided nfter careful deliberation ln
As a matter of fact, Mr. Bowser's
want of confidence" resolution wss
ubout as parliamentary as a pig's tail
._ straight. According to Hoyle, or
May, or even tho Marquis of Queens-
bury, the opposition lender wasn't observing thc rules. According to Hoyle,
he shouldn't have any aces tucked
nwny—whicli he seemed to indicato—
nnd May is reported to bc authority
that ull those whereases criticizing
laws on thc statutes, attneking the
ministers, nnd throwing slurs, weren't
permissible at all. And tho wholo ca-
1k.ii.lie wus outside the Mnrquis' rules
nnil were rnther logging rules. They
wero perfectly excellent logging rules,
where everything goes—biting, gouging, kicking, and nl! such liner points
sue!] us susing chairs nnd bottles.
However, perhnps it were better for
Mr. Bowser thnt this wnnt-of-confl-
tleiicu move didn't get jsmped. If
properly stirred between now nnd tho
next session it cnn bo mnde quite nolso-
somi'—nil of which wns why it wns
hatched in the Ilrst place, Ju»t why
Mr. Bowser's resolution wns not
swooped down on, nnd ninenili'il bnck
into u vote of confidence Inverted ns
it were, is lint quite clenr to the outsider. Porhnpa it is q.iile clenr to the
government. Then ngnin, perhnps it
Isn't. Anyway, tho writer has it on
perfectly good nuthority that something of the Hurt illicit hnve been dono
wilh it, nnd justly within the rules of
almost nny sporting gume.
Howser snid Brewster was nfruid.
Brewster liuighcd.
So did Bowser.
Culling to mind: "He who laughs
lust," etc.
However, neither wns a regular
"KKNO." *
Structural Iron Workers Out for (1 a
Day Increase AU Round
A province -wide strike of Structural
Tion Workers is in sight—mnybe. No-
gotintioits for inerenseil wnges are to
lie entered into during the coming
week, when 00 days' notice of a nntv
ichedulo will be given employers to
give the subject.the fullest consideration. The men deinund u new. scnto of
n general nil-round Incronso of $1 n.
duy. Steel men hnve been receiving
*5 u (lay for eight hours, nnd reinforcing men j:4.50. The increase demanded
nlso provides for the shopmen. Moro
thnn 200 men nre involved. Somo big
work mny huve to eloso down unless
the contractors decide to accede to tho
men's demnnds. PAGE TWO
1866 '
Assets  173,000,000
Deposits  64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hastlngi and Gamble Sta.
The Bank of British North America
EitsbUabed In 1831
Branches throughout  Canada and tt
Savings Department
1. Idward Scan     Mea: an* 4146
Buriitcri, Solicitors, Ceanyucsrs, Etc.
Victoria snd Vancouver
Vaneoaver Offlea: 618-7 Rogers Bldg.
Cons and save a good time, perhaps
take home a side of bacon.
Halting! Stmt, near Abbott
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
690 Oranvllle Strset
ei» Hastlngi stnet Wm»
Phose Sermonr 7109
Third Floor, World Building,
The pair Union Bhop ln Vanconver.
1, PHILLIPS t 00., Ageato
Phons MIS 1821 Hamilton
Hemstitching, buttone covered, seal-
lopping, bntton holes, pinking, epong*
lag aal shrinking, lettering, pleot edg*
lag. pleating, rnehlng, embroidery,
SM OcaavUle st lSlt Deugtai SI.
Hans Ber. 8111 Phone IMP
Poultry Wanted
'  Ftoae Sermour 10»7
 po Oranvllle St
Labor Temple Press    Ser. -MM
Refined Servioe
One Bloek west of Court Home.
Uie of Modern Chapel snd
Funeral Parlors free to sll
Telephone Sermour 2425
PobUalud •Mir Fridij nomlBf by tbe B. 0.
Pederatloniat, Limited
E. Parm. Pettipiece M»n»ger
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St,
Tel. Exchange Seymoar 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vincouver
-J Our, $2.00; to anions subscribing
in ft body, $1.00.
New WestminBter W. Tatea, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Mftcdonftld, Box 268
Victoria....' A. 8. Weill, Boi 1588
"Unity of Labor:  tbo Hops of the World"
FRIDAY August 24, 11)17
WHAT A GENEROUS lot of good
ndvico   wo   aro   getting   theso
days   nbout   how   to   ocon-D-
mizo.   With what convincing eloquence
is the superlative virtue of eliminating
unnecessary expense
THE CHIEF and   thus   aocumu-
VIRTUE OP lnting   savings,    as
ECONOMIZING     againBt the provor-
bial rainy day that
is sure to come, dinned into our ears
nnd hammered itjto our poor understanding. That the most of this whole
some advice and appealing eloquence
comes from the ranks of the unselfish
well-to-do and tho self-sacrificing do
nothings of the world, does not lessen
the vnlue of the advice nor render thc
eloquence any the less convincing. But
however good their intentions may be,
there are excellent reasons why all advice to the working people in regard to
tho matter of avoiding waste and effecting economies, will "waste its
sweetness upon the desert nir,"
matter who mny offer it. The wages
of the slaves of modern capitalism is
n fnr more powerful incentive to thrift
nnd economy nnd affords a much more
compelling and convincing nid thereto,
thnn all of the advice and exhortations
that may be poured forth from tho impudent thronts of those who have assumed the task of guiding the poor
along the pathway of what is good for
them. The working poople of the world
never knew nnything but tho most
rigid economy. Failing its practice
they would inevitably perish, for it is
all they cnn do to hang on to their
existence, even at that.
* # *
The peculiar virtues of saving may
bo easily disclosed by anything like n
thorough examination of the matter. If
nil persons, without distinction or difference, were to cat their daily living
down to /the narrowest limits that
would allow of their continuod existence, the immediate and cataclysmic
result to the whole business world may
be readily imagined. The whole
precious shebang would at onco go upon
the rocks of bankruptcy. No nrgument
is required to further prove it, for it
is n self-evident fact thnt tho only
thing that can possibly enable the
business-game to continue is the spending by the people of thnt which comes
into their hands. The moment they
begin to hold back any apprecinble
amount of this, the business world feels
it adversely through the immediate
fnlling-off of trade, that supreme blessing that divine providence has bestowed upon-it and has so safeguarded
through the impossibility of the poor
saving anything nnd the wisdom of
the rich in refusing to contract any
such foolish habit.
Thc plnin fact of the mntter is that
nothing cnn be saved. Thnt is, nothing
that is of value to mankind. That
which is produced by human labor, and
thnt means everything that is measured in the calculations of men in
terms of exchange or money, is used
up ns fast ns it is produced. It is not
saved. It is not stored up. It Cnnnot
be, becnuse it is perishable. It will
not keep. If there be nny person who
finds himself in possession of moro of
it thnn he can use beforo it spoils, or
that for other reasons he is not able to
personally use, he must get rid of it,
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up .
Beserve Funds .
Total Aueta 	
...» 12,911,000
... 14,324,000
... 287,000,000
410 branches ln Canada. Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., ef which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
Open ao aeeonnt and make deposits regularly—sax, every payday. Interest credited half-yearly.  Ne delay ln withdrawal.
0. 8. HAEBISON, Manager,
Oranvllle and Pender
Don't stow away yonr spare
cash in any old corner where it it
in danger from burglars or Are.
Tho Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account is largo or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
G. N. STAGEY, Manager
Hastings and Carrall
or it will perish on his hnnds. Now,
it is a very simple matter of fact that
there are but two ways in which he
may get rid of It, and thus avoid having it perish in his possession. He may
give it away or ho may Bell it. If he
sells it he can only do so on credit, for
the. very simple reason that there is
nothing on earth, nor can there be anything brought forth wherewith to make
payment therefor. Let it be distinctly
understood that this is not intended to
apply to individuals who may barter
the products ,of their own labor one
with another. That is not sale. That
is trade between individual producers
of wealth and does not involve any
goods that have boen produced by
slave labor for the specific purpose of
being turned to the nccount of the
master, and which can only be so turn
od by being sold in the market. All
things thnt nre bought nnil sold in the
world's markets aro aold on credit,
Thero is no other wny. The credit
slips or tokens that nro given in ex
change nre gotten rid of only through
some calamity like lire, shipwreck; etc.,
that mny destroy them without possibility of their duplication. Tho only
saving, therefore, that is possible is
the saving or nccumulnting of these
credit slips, tokens or accounts. These
savings mobilize in banks, etc., and
thus become the means of controlling
and still further manipulating the industrial machinery of capitalism to the
end thnt the exploitation of labor may
be perpetuated and the power and aggrandizement of the ruling class accentuated and conserved. The chief
virtuo in economizing and saving,
therofore, lies in a most perplexing
paradox, namely: the utter confusion
and confounding of the entire business
world, while nt the same time the
sinews of wind (credit) with which all
business is carried on, are more speod
ily mobilized for that dolectable purpose. Carried to its logical conclusion
tho more the people of the capitalist
world become addicted to the silly
habit of saving, the sooner will that
world's boasted business scheme meet
with collapse, because of curtailed
spending, while at the same time the
accumulation of business wind (credit-
sometimes called^cash and more often
capital) will have reached its greatest
proportions. And it is nil so simple,
too, when you come to think of it. To
plunder n world of slaves armod with
tho ^greatest power of wealth produc
tion imaginable, and sell that plunder
in u market that consists almost entirely of the plundered slaves themselves, without selling any more to
thoso slaves than just barely sufficient
to keep them alive, is Buch a simple
mathematical possibility, that babes
and sucklings ought to be nblc to
figure it out. And, to tell the truth,
they can do it just aa successfully as
can our most eminent financial author!
ties and nblc statesmen. So there you
nre. Saving is such a doubtful virtue,
however, from the capitalist standpoint, that in self-defense the business
world ought to hnng any ono addicted
to it.
A  CERTAIN PAPER, published in
in one of the lnrge.cities of the
United   States,   makes   grievous
complaint because of the lack of enthusiasm  among the  people  over  the
present   war   prep-
WHY THE nrations going on in
LAg*QT that   country.     It
ENTHUSIASM? says thnt "when
500 soldiers paraded" through the streets of that city
a few days since there was an nlmost
complete absence of enthusiasm manifested by the populnco. "Throughout
the entire time of the pnrnde and
along the wholo line of march, thero
was not n cheer, not n hurrnh, not a
sirtgle demonstration of npplause, except at one or two points there wero a
few feeble hand-claps." Now nil this
is indeed vory disconcerting und may
mean that the Henry Dubbs are not
heartily in sympathy with the energetic prosecution of tho wnr by tho
United States. At least not so earnest
in their sympathy ns they no doubt
would be if they really understood
whnt a terrible menace to their democracy and liborty n German triumph in
the present struggle would be. It is
renlly deplorable that they fail to ren
lize the terrible danger of a Hun in
vnsion of the United Stntes immediately nfter thc kniser and his minions
have cleaned out the rest of Europe.
But surely if the Dubb family have
only read the daily press with due diligence they should be better informed
than that, for goodness knows tbat
tbnt strenm of truth, purity and noble
endeavor has poured forth an unbroken
flood of sound advice nnd reliable informntion anent the matter, ever since
the first gun wns fired.
* * *
But then,' perhaps the Dubb family
hns taken note of some of the things
thnt are already becoming quite common in the Stntes, thnt are being pulled off by men wearing the army uniform, nnd that are not at nil calculated
to increase Henry's reverence for the
military establishment nor to give him
increased confidence in the good intentions of the interests behind it and
thnt are responsible --for its nctions.
The BoBton spectacle of uniformed
hoodlums breaking up legal meetings
and parados of decent, orderly and
peaceful citizens, wrecking the headquarters of the Socialist Party and
burning and destroying its property
and archives; the tacit approval of
such action, not only by the city authorities, but the federal authorities
well; the pulling-off ofjjii similar affair in Oakland,* California,
by some hundreds of so-callod soldiers,
who wrecked the I.W.W. hoaclqunrtcrs,
destroyed ito furniture and burned several hundred dollars' worth of literature in the public street; tho fact that
seventeen policemen looked calmly on
while this liondlumism nnd crime wns
curried out and the city fire dopartmont
refrained from responding to calls of
lire, wrung in by alarmed citizens, until the work of destruction hnd been
carried to completion! tho almost, daily
repetition of such affairs all over the
country ami Ihe brazen use of the military in every strike area to protect
corporation gunmen and murderous
criminals in general in their efforts to
boat, club ami shoot tho workors into
compliant submission to tho patriotic
exactions of t hoi r brutal and conscienceless exploiters, aro not especially
calculated to strengthen the loyalty of
..August 24, 1917
even ,the itupW Dubb family, to the
present regime of thingB. These happenings ire far better calculated to
remove from their minds the soporific
delusion of their own freedom that has
been for bo long the dope that has
mnde their easy undoing possible, and
to disclose, to'even their dull, wits the
fact of their complete slavery to as un-.
scrupulous, bloe-dthirsty, vulgar and
conscienceless a 'master claas as ever
ruled, robbed and maltreated slaves in
all previous hiBtory
* * *
The Dubb family must be awakened
from the stupefaction and lethargy of
their fancied security in freedom und
the proud privilege of citizenship, that
hocus-pocus dope with which they have
been gassed into quietude and meek
submission to the brute forces that have
robbed and bruised theVn. And thc
wisdom of their precious masters and
ruffianly rulers may be trusted to nt-
tend to the awakening. They will
pile it on to the Dubbs and rub it in
so effectively that thc awakening will
be sure to come in time, and thon there
will be something doing thnt will be
worth whilo recording iu human history. Henry Dubb will nevor wnko
himself up. He hai too long depended
upon nn nlarm clock to do it for him.
But just us his musters have devised
tho nlnrm clock nnd the factory whistle
to call him to his slave taslfln) tho material processes of capitalist civilization, so may they bo trusted to eventunlly awaken him, with the club and
tho gun, to the necessity of offocting
his own deliverance therefrom. Evidently he is now waking up. That probably accounts for his waning enthusiasm,
for the military, that instrument
thnt has been_po unmercifully used to
beat and club him into submissive insensibility during the ages of his slavery. Strength to the wisdom of thoae
ruelrs. May it never grow leas. We
know full well that it will never change
in quality. AH the wisdom ever yet
.possessed by the rulers was the wisdom of brute force. There is none
other that will justify their right to
rule and rob. Just why rulers in general should have any animosity to the
kaiser and hia brand of "kultur" is
not clear. In fact we are quite sure
they do not. But there Ib some consolation in the fact that the-JHubb family is waking up nnd losing reverence
and enthusiasm for the chief instru
ment of ita own enslavement.
THE ENTIRE civilized world  appears to hnve gone mad.   All the
organized powers of civilization
are turned solely to the work of devastation and slaughter     The individual
efforts of countless
THE thousands  nre  aid'
HANDWRITING ing in thc bloody
UPON TKE WALL and destructive
busineas. There is
everywhere a shortage of food and
other things necessary to human vim-
fort and sustenance. The world stick
of eatables was ncer bo low. The supply of cattle, sheep aod hogs in the
world has been enormously reduced in
the last three years. This reduction is
still continuing ut na alarming rnte.
The world crop of cereals is far below
the average. Millions of people are actually starving in many parts of the
earth. Millions will thus parish within
the next few years, 'even though the
war wns to stop now. It is a safe bet
that bread lines of a magnitude greater
than ever known before will be seen
ou this western continent during the
coming winter months. The horrors of
hunger that will be suffered by millions in Europe this coming winter will
be beyond the power of language to describe. And still the delightful game
of butchery and devastation -goes on
apace, nnd the lickspittles, toadies and
flatulent babblers of ruling class fury
nnd stereotyped piffle, raucously gloat
over the, to them, pleasing spectacle,
and noisily demand that it be continued
and more human sacrifices be fed into
the gory furnace. It looks aB though
ruling class civilization, having gone
mad, has become possessed with a mania
of self-destruction. It seems a case of
deliberate suicide.
* *       *
Tn one who renlizes thnt nil civilization, since that peculiar distinction for
human society emerged from the savagery and barbarism thnt preceded it,
has been based solely upon human slavery, th* eventual suicide of such a civilization will come with no shock of surprise. It is a foregone conclusion that
no civilization based upon such a fundamental crime as the enslavement of
man by man, could possess thc requisite
virtues to ensure stability ond long-
continued existence. Such n manifest
wrong, such an indisputable crime as
that, could not but result in such a host
of lesser crimes, vices and evils ns to
eventually so rot and canker the social
structure built upon it, that it would
sooner or later either perish from its
own rottenness or lose its balance in insanity and quite likely suicidal mnnia.
It is just ns logicnl to arrive at such a
conclusion, in the case of the social
organism, as it would be to reach a
similnr conclusion in the case of an individual who became likewise addicted
to all that Ib 'criminal, low, mean, vulgar, degenerate and morally perverted,
ratten and 'unclean. Either such an individual will perish because of hia filthi-
ness, or will go off his "nut" and lapse
into a condition of irresponsibility. And
thnt is but another name for insanity.
Thnt appears to be what is the mattor
with ruling class civilization just now.
It is busily engaged in committing Bui-
ride i»nd n multitude of its boosters aro
doing all they can to help the good
work nlong, though perhnps unwittingly.
* *       *
But all eapitnlists and capitalist
boosters are by no means crazy. There
are some who ure quite sane. Snmo
1 'international financiers'' are evon
now becoming able to read "the hand
writing upon the wall." Rumors nre
afloat of n conference of financiers being recently held in Switzerland to find
menns of calling off the present war
in order to stop the growth and threatened triumph of socialism. Thoy evidently renlize the suicidal tendency of the organized efforts
of ruling class civilization in
the present European embroglio.
They scent the danger that threatens.
They see the inevitable consequence to
the ruling class, the custodians of
whose flimflam strong box these "international financiers" are, if this suicidal
mania is not checked ere it is too late.
They can see the lightning flashes of
the oncoming revolutionary storm along
the sooial horizon. Their ears distinguish, above the din of ruling class cannon, tho terrifying roar of tho approaching tornado thnt will sweep rule
nnd robbery, master and slave into the
receptacle of things that wero, but aro
no more.
* *       **
But even these still sane capitalist
watchdogs ("financiers") ara too late
iu making their discoveries. The handwriting is upon tho wall. Tho die is
cast, the dny of reckoning is nt hnnd.
In marshalling its slnves upon a more
gigantic and magnificent scale than
ever before, for the pleasing spectacle
of world butchery and world devastation, the rulers little thought they were
marshalling them for the suicide of
their own pet scheme of skinning slaves
and getting fat upon the plunder. The
slaves are now becoming awakened to
the fact of their slavery, not by the
"wild theories and platonic teachings
of socialism,'' but by the vigorous application of the sane and sound facts of
capitalism, driven home by the stem
logic of the bayonet, the cannon and
the bomb. And that is the only logie
that, ever did or ever cnn justify human
slavery, or convince wage slaves that
they have it. There is more than sufficient evidence coming up from each
and all of the belligerent countries to
convince most any one that the days
of cnpitalism and class rule are numbered by tho days that shall elnpso ere
this war is brought to an ond. It's end
is well within Bight, for it is boyond
human possibility that any or nil of the
combatants can much longor continue
at_ tho murderous businoss without
bringing tho entire world to the vory
threshold of actual starvation. It is
boyond all probability that such a result can bo reached beforo tho workers
of all countries will bc in open revolt,
for the purposo of ondlng tho brutal re-
gimo thnt has brought the world to such
and eppalling extremity. *
It is claimed thnt fully n third of
the Americnn doctors will be required
for sorvice with the army before tho
presont conflict ends. This will greatly increnso the chance of life for tho
civilian population at home. It would
be better yet if nine-tenths of the remaining two-thirds would nlso bo called
to the colors. It would be a caso of no
small loss without a very great gain.
"An honorable gentleman says that
I do not think much of the knighthood. I do think a good deal of knighthood when it is earned. I want to see
the gentleman in Canada who has in
greater degree earned his knighthood
than your humble servant has,' * said Sir
Sam Hughes in speech in Commons.
And even Sir Sam's well-known modesty does not prevent his rallying to
the defence of virtue attacked, though
that virtue, perchance, bo his own. A
veritable modern Don Quixote is Sam.
"The Lemieux Act is a dead letter
because the workers refuse to obey it,
and it cannot be enforced," says the
Hamilton Herald. About the same
thing would happen to many an other
iniquitous capitalist law if the workers
only had sense enough to manifest a
little intelligent unity of action in refusing to meekly obey it. In fact it
would be a pretty tough gob to enforce
even so commendable a law as that of
conscription if the workers should become generally obsessed with the determination that they would not obey it.
Miss Ruth Crocker, onc of the suffragist pickets of the Whito Houso, nt
Washington, whilo enrrying nn unlettered tri-color bnnner recently wns set
upon nnd nssnulted by n gnng of hoodlums consisting of so-cnlled men and
boys. She wns knocked down ...and
dragged in tho street by these courageous cattle. To hia credit, let it be
said, Lieut. Elmer Pindcll, an army
officer, enme to Miss Crockor's nssis-
tance, fought off the mob and rescued
her from its loathBomo clutches. The
lieutenant wns promptly nrrested,
charged with disorderly conduct. Democracy wns thus vindicated right on
the very doorstops of the White House,
as it were. Down with European autocracy. 	
From current reports it appears thnt
from four-fifths to nine-tenths of nil
those nppearing before the draft boards
in the United States for examination
arc found to be physically unfit for
military service. In Chicago out of
38,076 examined, only 3,275 were nccepted. It looks ns though the surest
wny to get rid of militarism would be
to leave it to tho tender mercy of
capitalist democracy, of the typo now
predominant in the United Stntes. Another deende or two of thnt democracy
will have so reduced the physicnl status of its free citizens as to leave no
material fit for aoldiers and hoodlums.
Mars will then find his occupntion
gone. He will no longer find tools with
which to ply his glorious trade. Tho
world will then at least have peace nnd
a chnnce for decency.
There has, been introduced into the
United States sennte a resolution-passed by the Phoenix, Ariz., chamber of
commerce, urging the passage by congress of an industrial conscription law,
so thnt the, mine owning capitalists of
Arizona and other western statos mny
be uble to work thoir mints under involuntary servitude. The Phoenix capitalists likewise recommend legislation
which will prohibit in every form advocation of crime, sabotage violence
and any unlawful methods of securing
industrial or political reforms." The
capitalists of Phoenix evidently desire
to retain a monopoly of criminal nnd
unlawful methods, knowing full well
that by rosorting to such they can
easily forestall all efforts of the workers to unduly inflate themselves with
extended privileges and moro comfortable conditions of labor.
Among the many papers suppressed
in the United States because of their
netivity in opposing the reactionary
achemes of the Wilson governmont and
tho thieving interests that shape its
policy and determine its course, is "The
Robol," of Texas. It was thc mouthpiece of tho suffering and brutally exploited tenant farmers of the Btate.
Ono of the largest land-ownors in
Texas is Albert S. Burloson, postmnstor-
genernl in ProBldont Wilson's cnbinet.
Another big one is David Franklin
Houston, secretary of ngricultnre. And
atill nnother is Thomas Watt Gregory,
Wilson's attorney-general. Not that
there can be any connection/ between
these three big Texas land thieves and
the suppression of the organ and
mouthpiece of the fiercely-exploited
tenant farmers of that precious "neck
o' the woods." It is just a coincidence,
that's all.
OXb-WMts flnt snd third Wedneaday,
I*bor Hall, 1424 Government itreet, sX 8
Wn. Preildent, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-preeident, ChrUtlin Slverti, 1278 Den-
man itreet; lecretary, B. Simmon., Box 802,
Vlctoris, B. Q.	
annul eonvention la Januiy.   Exmftln
415. Cumberland; Ticaprealdenta—Vsneos-
w: Ju. H. McVetr. V. R. Midgley, Labor
Tempi. .Victoria: /'Tsrior. BdTfffr. vff
p3I£ l,Uai! % H«* 8oBtk Wellington.
Priaoo Roport: W. E. Thompson, Box 894.
Now WMtminiter: W. Yatei, 908 London
etreet.   Kootenay IHitrtett A. Goodwin, Box
WW   r?i- ?5°J? *M* VmXkio w. bTpui.
Hpe, 178 McPherion •vonat. Secretary
treuorer: A. 8. Wolls, Box 1588, Viotorla,
of America, loesl 784, New Weitminater
Meeti eecond Sondayol etch month it 1>SC
p.m.   Becretary, F. W. Jsmeion, Boi 498.
Counoll—Meeti aecond and fourth Tuea
.*/* ?' ll0b month- in Cirpenten' bill. Fre
aidant, S. D. Macdonald; aeoretary, J. J.
Anderson, Box 278, Prince Rupert, B. C.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OP A.—
Meete second and foarth Sunday of each
month, at 8.80 p.ra., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, A. West-
ley; recording secretary, Jas. Bateman; flnan-
S»* MMiUfjr, W. Macdonald; treasurer, J.
H.   Richardson.
"Robinson Crusoe hsd no labor-saving mnchinery but ho produced his food
nnd clothing ensier thnn you do. "Whyf
Becnuse there wns no capitalist to divide with." Sure thing, boy! Sure
thingi And after Friday came along
and had been rescued from the brutal
"Huns" of his time, who threatened
him with tho horrors of the stewpot,
things were different. Ho was introduced to the beauties of "dotoocrncy,"
of tho Morgan, Rockefeller, ot. al. type
nnd henceforth Robinson got his living
for nothing. He no longer had to produce it himself. All of which goeth to
show that in a world that has been
"mndo snfe for democracy," brains
win and the only real "lnbor-saving
machinery" is a human slave. Let
every simple son of a gun who enjoys
thp delightful privilege of job-chasing
hi^lf of his "time, and1 laying awake
nights the bnlnnce for fear of losing
tho job he mny hnve temporarily
hnvo caught, fly to nrms in defenco of
the glorious democracy that secures to
him so proud a privilege.
[Common Sense, London]
rw-.T01*1 ^respondent of tho Dally
wlrt'V0^""1*.,1 *ir}Un« interview
JJlJ Taehoidw, chief of the Petrograd
committee of workmen and soldiers, the pop-
ular organisation  which has  committees  a]
Hn«ti " £h? "Ll**. P»w"ful man today in
£K*'« b£ln* C?Ie', ot the «*«i»U<m of
which M. Kerensky i„ the political and offl-
cial representative. Ho is of Georgian ex-
traction, and   s described as, in appearance,
TWh°SlH J?hn Burn8 in d^ecimo?{
Though ready to answer any question about
nESft 10ciallam P»* to hfm by the Daily
Uironlcle ■ correspondent, he desired flrst of
*ii *5r.' "7 1ue8tlonB concerning political conditions in Great Britain.    This part
?on!em/o0r;»:"ti0n We  '^^ &*<**
Briefly his questions come to this: Is it
not true that the war has destroyed English
Liberalism] Is it not a fact that we live
surrendered all those liberties for which wo
profess ourselves to be fighting! What has
happened to our right of public meeting, our
free speech, our liberty of the press, even to
our right of trial by juryt In a word, has
not this war forced ua to abandon tho de-
moeratle principle of government which has
been Britain s glory for do many years, and
ob iged uh to adopt the Prussian system of a
military dictatorship, which we denounce I
Very earnestly did I seok to persuade M.
Taoheldie that thore is all the difference in
the world betwoen democracy's deliberate
choice of a certain curtailment of its liberties, in its own general interests, and an absolutist system of government holding in its
iron grm a nation which has never been free
to'decide under what form of tr6vornmcnt It
will live.
Ho saw what I meant, but was not convinced.
His point was that Britain's action had
acted as a check to the democratic movement
all over tho world; that it had tonded to discredit the democratic principle, and thnt.
thoso men who wero fighting for freedom in
other nations felt themselves depressed by
Britain's submission to virtual dictatorship.
"Is it not true," he demanded, "that
your soldiers decide what Bhall be printed
and what not*"
"Only In the interests of our strategy,"
I roplicd, believing at the time that what I
said was true.
"Is it not true," he demanded, "that
your soldiers decide what meetings should
uo held and what suppressed)"
I made a like answer.
"Is It not true that your Boldicrs seize
people and lock them up in prison without
trial I"
I flatly denied this, not knowing at the
time that Miss Howson, for ono, had been so
treated—ahe has now been nineteen months
in prison without legal advice and without
a trial.   ,
After this the Russian leader discoursed
upon the general theme that war Is tho most
dangerous enemy of freedom, that In war
rights are surrendered which may never be
regained, that reason gives way to force,
that thinkers are displaced by the professional soldier who can only think In terms of
slaughter and destruction: "He has no political instincts, no sense of statesmanship.
His one business is to kill. He kills, and
keeps on killing till thero is nothing more
to kill. It is not safe to trust the world to
such a man. The thinkers "must continue to
think. DiscusHlon must be free, so that truth
inny emerge."
The leader of the Russian socialists and
his followers must not be dismissed, so the
interview Insists, ns sentimamtal dn-ainerN.
They have been a very practical policy. M.
Tsclieldre believes that he ean achieve by
conference what others think can only he
achieved J>y slaughter. "Rightly or wrongly
(who shnll sayt), lie trusts German democracy. Ho bclleveB that thc Germans them-
selvess will destroy kalserism." The Ideals
which British statesmen have said can only
be achieved by war and by crushing victories can only, in tho opinion of M.
Tscheldze, be achieved by peace negotiations.
In connection with the above it may
bo added, that from London advices
under date Aug. 18, it appeara tbat nn
official proclamation has been issued applying tho Munitions War Act of 1915
to the differences between the British
railway companies and their locomotivo
drivers, firemen nnd engine cleaners.
Stoppage of work is prohibited, and it
is made illegal to apply any union funds
for the purpose of paying strike benefits. This affords additional evidence
of the way military rule safeguards democracy and democratic institutions. It
shffald not be overlooked by M. Tscho*
' "ze.
And now comes word thnt all veterans of the Spanish-American war hnve
been called upon to meet nt the armory
in Seattle, "to devise some moans of
stopping the preaching of sedition upon
tho streets" of thut city. "Sedition,"
of courso, consists of criticism of the
prosont autocratic regime of thingB, including its conscription Inws and othor
expressions of military infamy. The
ways and "means" to be dovised for
tho throttling of free discussion and
free diBcussion of opinion ure too well-
known to require furthor elaboration.
They ure in daily use wberover militarism is in thp saddle, whether it attempts to mask its brutality under the
hypocritical prtence of defending democracy or goes to it with the frank
nnd open recklessness of the Prussian
article that is at least decent enough
to declare its blood-thirsty intentions in
the open. Evidently M. ,Tseheidze
knowa what militarism means to domocracy.
War's Legacy of Hatred.
''The enomy has displayed virtues
which it would not bo right for us to
deny; for ono honors one's self by
recognizing the valor of thoso whom
ono combats. He has gono to denth
in deep, compact, disciplined masses,
with a blind, obstinate, hopeless hero*
ism, for which history furishos no ex-
nmplo equally sombre, nnd which often
has compelled our admiration and our
pity. Our Botdiors who return from
the trenches aro not decoivod on thiB
point. Thoy execrato the enomy; they
have a horror of the aggressor, unjust,
arrogant, gross, too often cruel and
perfidious; they do uot hnto the mnn,
they pity him; and, after the battle,
in tho defenceless wounded or disarmed prisoner thoy rocognizo with astonishment a brother in misery who, like
themselves, has been trying to do his
duty, and who has laws which he considers high and necessary.   Underneath
flrat and third Thursday!. Eieeutiw
board; Jamaa H. MsTitAjmaMjlBR
How«, Tltt-pnsldant; tfotor B. XMdsr,
general secretary, 810 Ubor Tampla; fcwS
knowles. treuorer; W. H. CotterilL statistician; Mrgsant-at-arms, Qwtf Harrison; A.
J. Crawford. Jss. Campbell, F. Haigh, true-
Heats  aacond  Monday  in  the  month.
BARTENDEBB*   LOOAL   Mo.   67«.—OioS
Room 208 Utor Temple.    M.«U tnt
Sundur ol  met month.    Preildent,  Juim
sawifirti m__ s^jsif,
BSflLffgff WB*""""'«. ™.bi
m   .«.n P' Amnlet, Loeal No. 120—
Room 206     Lsbor Temple.   PtMldent. L. I.
£$!    """"'"• "' H* a™*". 167*1 ilttlS
n£.";£ni ■o,lld.J4"' Wedn.,di», 8 pij
Room 807. Preildent, Onu. T. Smith: eo*?1
re.pondtag.oeret.ry, W. B. D.,n.T Boi 68 i
flnanolal lecretary, w. J. Plpei
BR1SWERY WORKERS. L. H. No. 881, I. O.
tary "a* VJA,.l..Pr%ldS,7 »• 0"»«»I "«"•
BB.n]fHr?RH'i?P ■°*' """-BR MAKERS,,
Amirie. v.SW|' ■"."i" Ki -~fm •'
.«» ft„^"nc°rer Lod«» «t. Hl^-Meetl
lllFoSKi*,*/! ! >>•■»*   P'esldant, A. Cam?
PaclSo—Meeta It 487 Oora Manna .<»
Tneidsr. 7 p.m.    ItaBSXlS
..eretary and bnalnwa a»nt E it until.-
Boom 207. Labor Temnla*  '     "' *orri™
I. h. A., LOCAL 38-S2~ AUXn.Mnv—TCT
.  fine Wsrohtmaemon and ftSuiS,! \X_\
H   P°"«Dn'0n'uU.Mli48'I****T. 8.™
J    R    Foiler;   lu.ln,,,   a«.nL   «.»   n.iii
mm+aaaTt-ttJi '?£«
retary, J. Lyona, 1648 Venable. .treet* J»
Urer road.    Phone Bayvlew 2270L. -
138—Meeta aecond and fourth ThoridES
ol   each month,  room  803.  Labor T.miC
______**> * *** »»»»"•'
M...f'f'.r' /'°",eor  OW.Io«7 No.   101-
luilneia a»ent, Fred A. _%?„  UM C-\
srat Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Prei]
Kent %SStM.JKBshfc    I
w:cokd:vBoMBo8xo^».ta•"'•, *-**• *l
.Z?"'''y* ■■"■ 'osrth Fridiy. ol eac
R   G   llafcL?.' _m>!'°™ 'Icipreilfet
Preeldent,    Chai. D. Bruce    ln»2 j£
6846 R1   i?l,   WS   S"eel*   n°m   S«r
.5n8d6i?ird,Sdi;.L"8b?6r IZ"" '>'" ,h*
the intolerable enemy thoy son the un
fortunate mortal whr likewise i* bear
■ng the harden of lifo. "-Mauric
Maeterlinck,    Belgian    Esaayiat    am
synopsis or ooal smmro beoula
C°&iSi£HAhA •' «>• Dominion, li
„ ."snltobs, Saskatchewan and Alberts, thi
f»k*>» Territory, the Sorth-Weat TVitM
and In s portion ol the Province ol BritW
Columbia, may bo leaied lor a torn »
Iwenly-one yeara renewal Ior a farther term
ol 81 yeani st an annual rental ol |1 sn ac™
™.1 SSJSP J'M0""" w,u "•,tmi *
Application lor s leaae mut ba made br
the applicant In person lo the Aient or St*
Annt ol tbo district la which the rightsTty.
plied lor are aituated.
.JuLS"?'-""' X"Htmr (he land mut he dea*
scribed by sections, or legsl iub>dlriilons ol
seotlons, and In uniurveyed territory the
tract applied lor ahall be ataked ont by tha
applicant hlmsell.
Eaeh application mut be accompanied by
*. ft.' "' f? .,w!•lcl, J'111 be relundid 11 tht
rlghta applied lor ale not available, but not
otherwlae. A royalty ahall ba paid on tha
merchantable output ol tho mine at lha rata
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall tarnish tho Agent with sworn returns accounting
for tha full quantity ol merchantabls eoal
mined and pay the royalty thereon. It tha
eoal mining righti are not being operated,
■uoh returna Bhould be furnished at leut
once a year.
The leaee will Include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Ohsp. 27 ol 45
Oeorge V. assented to 12th June, 1814.
For full Information application ahould be
made to the Seeretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent ol Dominion Lands.
Deputy Mlnleter ol the Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication ol this ad*
rertisement will not be paid lor.—F',575.
An International Jounu]
-■   V. -^vyW--:*^7::
Fundamental, Democracy
A clever mnn said that when
people speak of "habits" they refer to bad habits only. As a matter of fact habits are both good
and bnd. PorBonal progress le
largely a matter of good habits.
Reading "Tho Publie" is a habit
which thousands of alert minds
practice. Why not cultivate this
Invigorating   habit  yourself?
References! Lincoln Steffens,
Brarnr Whltlock, Judgo Ben B.
Lindsay. Ray Stannnrd Baker,
and you—after you have tried it.
Introductory Offer) Three
booklets on the Kinpletnx and 10
Issues of "The Public" only 26c.
Tke Public
13a MM ITtk Street If. T. City OFFICIAL   PAPF.E   VANCOUVEB
aat- I
NINTH YEAR.   No. 34
C&ROT)     $1.50 PER YEAR
//afe your teeth insured—
IT is just us important to have your teeth in proper condition as
it is to have any other part of ytfur body in good shape. Tooth
trouble, if not promptly given attention, means pain and inconvenience for you and very probably, loss of time. It also affeets
your general health to a marked degree. •
. Good teeth are assured you if you give them reasonable attention at home and promptly; visit a dentist when the first sign of a
defect occurs. Delays in connection with attending to your teeth
are extremely dangerous,
Insure your teeth.   Come to me and let me examine them.   I
will then be able to tell you what should be done to put them in
proper condition and thus insure you against trouble from them.
My work Is thorough—my prices are reasonable.
Phone Sey. 3331
Examinations  '
made by phone
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown and Bridge Specialist
2 Haatinga Btreet We^, Cor. Soymour
Tne Place To Clothe Your Boy
SUITS—Tweeds, Surges and Worsteds to fit boys and youths, 2 to 18
years; made Norfolk, Sports, Pinchback and other styles; good wearing qualities; all prices.
ODD PANTS—Corduroy, Tweed, Serge, Velveteen, Whito Drill nnd
Serge, in 17 sizes, from 2 yearn up.
RATS AND CAPS—Up-to-date in many stylos.
UNDERWEAR—Shirts, Shirtwaists, Sweaters, Stockings,' Overalls,
Night Shirts, Pyjumus, etc.
OOT.TON SUITS and Straw and Cotton Hats.
TeL Bey. 702
309 to 315 Hsstings Stnet West
Phon* Ber. 2207.
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that every union man
should have. Simplicity, efficiency end
economy combined with a money saver
are the principal features of
::     ::   670 Richards Street
B.S. Ballena
Steamers leave Union Dock dolly at 9:15 a.m..  Sunday ut 10:30 a.m. for
Bowen Island, Britannia Mines, Squamish and way points, returning at
7:30 p.m.
Oh Saturdays  a  Steamer leaves  Union Dock  at 2:00 p.m. for Bowen
Island direct, returning from Bowen Islnnd at 0:30 a.m.  on Monday.
Witb our good Hotel Servico this mnkes a delightful week end.
Terminal Steam Navigation Company, Ltd.
UNION DOCK, take car to OolU|gB9-0E89 '~9 mom       mmony npim
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Fire Iniuranee, Accident Inrarsnce, Kitatei
387 Seymonr St. Pbone Seymour 153
The Sign
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Fee. Coal for yonr underfeed fnrniee)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
loot mam irani
Object to Surrendering All
Liberty in Order to
Strengthen Rulers
The Menace of Industrial
Conscription Lurks in
[By Walter Head]
21,—Tbo committee appointed by Local
872, U. M. W. of A., Ib at work on the
details of thie big union excursion to
Victoria, September 1, and everything
points to u big day. We ard trying
to get the same stopover privilege ns
obtained last year, to enable some of
our members) to tuke In Victoria's Labor Day celebration; Although September Lnbor Day is a gift from our
masters, and we must beware of the
Greeks bearing gifts, we are always
ready to work for the success of Labor
B, C. F. of L. Labor Day Convention.
Tho "call" for the special convention of the B. C. F. of L. ia in tbe
hands of our secretary, and will be
dealt with at our next regular meeting,
Sunday, August 26, when a delegate
will be elected.
What the delegate's instructions will
be arc a foregone conclusion. Our resolution to oppose conscription with all
the means in our power still holds.
Wo are still waiting for the conscription howlers to give us their reasons
for the inauguration of a Prussian military syatem in Canada. We hear several excuses, but never any reasons, unless we take the words of the English
financier who said that, "'We' are
going to make conscription permanent,
and put the working man where he belongs." Subsequent events have amply proved the truth of that assertion,
when German prisoners have been used
to Bcab on British workmen.
Wc are supposed to submit to conscription to enable ua to combat \Ger-
mnn militarism. It wouldn't be a bad
idea to combat cannibalism by eating
the cannibals. We mustn't forget that
the central powers are not the only
powers cursed by militarism for I have
read somewhere that France and Russia, in twenty years, spent round about
$2,000,000 more on their fighting machinery than did Germany and Austria.
Things We Are Told.
Then we are-told that we must combine to combat tbe German lust of dominion, But again, we/ find that as far
as land-grabbing is concerned Germany
is woll down in the scale and Great
Britain heads the list with a grab in
the last 20 yeara of 3,000,000 square
miles of territory, with the corresponding domination of 13,000,000 people.
We are again told thnt we must have
conscription to provido relief for the
Canadians now in the trenches. But
what we would like to know ia: What
has become of the men already sont
from Canada, when at least half of
them have never been to the trenches
Some Things We Know.
We rood whore the world-renowned
Teddy Roosevelt made thc statement
that the United States would have to
send 5,00O,0i)0 men to bc able to hold
their own with Canada. Well, Teddy,
wo will call a halt until you furnislT
the 5,000,000, by the same mothocT
Canada haa used.
Canada haa Sent all rne men that can
be Bpared from production, which ia
proved by tho fnct of the continued
agitation on the part of some of our
industrial mngnntea for a larger supply of Astatics,i And don't forget that
Mr Chink is taking the advantage of
tho shortage of labor, as some of ua
who have to handle thehi know to our
sorrow. They'll tell you that.they can
do pretty well os they pleaso, na "bime
by lots white men go way, Chinaman
catchem four dollar one day."
We all know full well that customs,
onee established, have a tendency to
stay established, as we on Vancouver
Island again know to our sorrow, by
the hordes of Asiatics employed in the
mines at Cumberland.
Wc do not wnnt the country flooded
with Asiatics, becauso once hero they
will stay, and at the termination of
this war the returned soldier will have
to compete with tk? Chink, nnd pos-
aibly thut mny be one of the reasons
for the inauguration of conscription. So
nny returned soldier   who    howls his
■ has enlarged its dining room
capacity to 135. We are
now operating the Castle
Hotel dining room in conjunction with the Orpheum
Cafe, known as Vancouver's
specialty cafe. Union cooks
of thc first-class; day and
762 Granville Street
head off for conscription would do well
to practice eating rice.
How Returned Soldier Is Used.
But, believe me, the returned soldier
doesn't want conscription. It is only
a few of the stool-pigeons that are doing the howling and possibly some who
are afraid of their measly pensions.
The general policy pursued with regard to tho .returned soldier is for some
tool of a newspaperman to get hold
of him and put an article in the local
paper extolling his unswerving loyalty
to King and" country, etc., making him
very anxious to get back again. I have
seen auch articles in the local papers
when the man has expressed himself,
privately, as being sick of it and Baying 'that he wouldn't go through his
past ordeals for $50,000.
No! my conscriptionist friends, you
will have to give some bettor reasons
for the inauguration of your cursed
military conscription.
I think that the statement of the
Engliah financier gives as good u reason as any. "We want to put the
working man where he belongs." Curtail his right to strike; tie him down
to tbe job and in general subject him
to conditions of abject slavery.
Miners' Treatment in Scotland.
I have at hand the results of an inquiry into the treatment received by
the miners on tbe Island of Kansay, in
Scotland. Tbeir masters would not
"allow" them to lay off work to lay
their grievances before the solicitor-
general and others who visited the
island in nn admiralty vessel. But the
miners were laid off on a previous afternoon to bury a German prisoner.
However, many witnesses did attend
and give evidence beforo the solicitor-:
general, who was openly hostile to the
men. In all, some 36 witnesses were
heard, the solicitor-general refusing to
hear any more. Ono man asked for
more than IS shillings ($4.50) a week
and was told he would either work
there or go to France. His place was
taken by a Germaji prisoner. It was
proved conclusively that German prisoners took the places of men who could
not work for the small wages, and
others were doing work that inhabitants of. the island were willing to do.
conditions were spoken of .that would
shame the old Russia. A man and his
family of nine, living in a one-room
shack, 15 feet by 14 feet.
I am in possession of full results of
the inquiry and intend to uae the information whenever necessary.
These are the conditions that the
would-be conscriptionists would wish
upon us, and I, for one, will try to
prevent them in their base designs.
If it does became necessary to send
more men iam Cnnada, let the pi.wors-
thatbe guarantee the payment «»f n
wage sufficient t:< keep them and Vurr
dependents without recourse to ehrtrit;*.
At the preseut it is neither nectary
nor advisable to take any more men
away from the productive forces of the
A Japanese scientist has discovered
the germ that "is responsible for typhup
fever. It is the Spirochoete Exonthe-
matotyphia. All persons are hereby
warned ngainst too close association
with any germ of that name that they
may happen to meet. It is presumably
of German origin. ;
London dispatches recently told of
mysterious consultations between leading bonkers of Europe which resulted
in an unanimous decision for immediate peace in order that international
socialism might be checked. It is a
shame that such nn abominable thing
as socialism should thus rise to interfere with tho delectable "~eapitulist
game of international slaughter. Ab
some people hnve claimed that the
war was recklessly sprung upon the
world by its brutal ruling class for the
purpoae of killing off the wicknd and
disreputable socialists and destroying
the socialist movement, and now it appeara that the longer it continuea the
atronger the movement beeomea, it
rather looks as though the ruling class
is doomed, no matter which way the
wind blows.- It is damned if it hus
war and it is damned if it don't. And
the workers of the world' haven't a
d—-d thing to lose but their chains,
nnyhow.   So let her go ns she looks.
Let it not be forgotten that the president of the United States is commander-in-chief of the army and navy of that
country! His word is law with those
forces. They can engage in no campaign except by his orders. They can
bo withheld from auy service by his
word of command: If aoldiers or sailors commit any offense either against
the civil or tho military laws of thc
land, they can be punished or shielded
from punishment only by hia sanction.
If, under tho fancied security of the
uniform, thoy violate the rights of
citizens-by playing the part of ruffians
and hoodlums in breaking up meetings,
beating up those who are present, destroying property nnd committing other
criminnl acta, they cannot escape ap-
prehension nnd proper punishmont except with tho consent and connivance
of the commander-in-chief. In case
troops have not yet been incorporated
into the federal urmy, they are under
tho supreme command of the governor
of their respective atates, nnd the responsibility for their conduct und uso
rests with that worthy officer. But
iii either case the responsibility cnn
not be dodged. If soldiers are allowed
to commit criminal acta and go unpunished, the civilian should have no difficulty in placing that responsibility.
A pretty New York girl fninted upon
the subway platform during the rush
hour of a very hot day, recently. After
recovering she aaid, "I just got dizzy
for a moment. I'm working as a cloak
model downtown and all day I've been
trying on fur coats. I'm just tired."
And yet Vancouver has not a few
young femaleB tbat are not only not
pretty, but don't look as though they
even had good sense that can trot
Around all day in the intense heat of
August, clad in summer attire from
top to toe, and in addition pack a jag
of cat skins, fox skins, coon akins or
skunk skins, thut would smother a
mule. And they neither sweat, nor
faint, nor yet do they tire. New York
glrlB may bc pretty. They may even
nave good senso and wc hopo they have
But when it comes down to toting thc
dried hides of dead animals neath the
scorching heat of the midsummer sun,
they can not make good, even though
they aro paid wages for so doing. Vnncouver hath girls aplenty who get away
with it without money and without
price,,other than thu pleasing delusion
thnt they are making n faahionoble hit,
But the sight of them is enough to
make a horae laugh or excite the riiri-
bllity of a Scotch prcsbyterian deacon.
Would  Develop Resources
of an Empire Neath the
Southern    Cross
Preparing:   Elysian   Fields
for Labor Freed From
[By Harold A. Rider]
MELBOURNE, Aus., July 5.—
(Special to Tbe Federationist )—
The Australian poople have become quite accustomed to sensational
developments in the arena of politics
dtiring the recent months, und have now
come to that ptage Mien auch happen-
inga are regarded as ordinary passing
events which bave no possible relation
to the future of the commonwealth. But
tho latest development, whether true or
false, has caused a serious thought to
occupy the minds of tbe peoplo
throughout the commonwealth.
Quite recently, Mr. Randolph Bedford, the author of many realistic
Australian novels nnd probably the
•moat brilliant dramatist in Australia,
had an interview with Dr. A. J. Gil-
ruth, the administrator of the Northern
Territory,, and, in the course of thiB
chat, Mr. Bedford alleged, and haa
made an affidavit to that effect in
a Queensland journal of high repute,
that Dr. Gilruth had informed him that
he had made an offer, in the interests
of a chartered company, to purchase
the Northern Territory from the federal government for £5,000,000, and
guarantee to expend an additional £10,
000,000 on developmental work in the
course of a few years. Mr. Bedford
has adhered to the remarkable statement, and alleges tbat such a proposition has been advanced for the destruction of the White Australia policy.
When the atatement appeared in the
daily press, Dr. Gilruth made an explanation. He snid he never made an
offer to the government. He admitted
that he had mentioned to Mr. Bedford
that he thought a chartered company
would be willing to purchase the territory, pay off tho debts, and develop the
northern lands, but he had never made
a direct offer to the government. The
minister of external affairs states that
Dr. Gilruth had mentioned the matter
to him three years ago, but as the administrator had made no direct offer, he
did not seriously consider the proposition.
The allegation hns been made by a
man whose honor and character is irreproachable, and the allegations, which
uro indeed Borious to the workers, lii|ve
not been refuted to the satisfaction of
thc people. More light is necessary, nnd
the people demand an investigation into the whole affair.
In many circles there have been demands for the importation of indentured labor to undertake thc development of the northern areas, and the
peoplo want to know what was behind
the whole affair, even, if, us Dr. Gilruth and the Hon. 1*. M. Glynn declare,
no direct offer of purchuse whb made
to the government.
Now American people must know
that the Northern Territory is a vast
tract of country—an area of 523,020
square miles or 335,110,800 acrea. It
haa a frontage of 1200 miles to the
Indian Ocean, nnd in area is much
lunger than either Austria-Hungary, the.
British Isles, Norway and Sweden,
Germany, Spain, France, or Italy. It
is larger than Holland, Greece, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Portugal,
Routnania, Serbia and Montenegro
Do the workera of British Columbia
wonder why thc pirates of capitalism
arc anxious to capture this great tract
of country for purposes of exploitation?
There are numerous navigablo rivers,
and the harbor at Port Darwin is one
of the best- in the southern hemisphere.
Under the guidance of the great powers
which constitute tho government of
Australia it baa been nn abject failure,
but to the capitaliBt it is n land-of
unlimited possibilities, for, situated as
it ia, in tho same latitude aB Samoa,
Abyssinia, Mozambique and Senegam-
biu, does it not produce on a commercial basis sucb products us ten, coffee,
oil plants, rubber, pineapples, cocou-
nuts, cotton, millet, rice, linseed, su^nr
cane, maize, etc.! The lands are rich
in verdure, capable of carrying two or
three million sheep, whilst at the present thc cuttle ranches nre houvily
stocked, one estate having 100,000 cuttle, whilst others have from 35,000 to
75,000 head fattening on the splendid
But should a chartered company secure tho territory it eould not develop
it without the aid of cheap and colored
labor, Wnges are indeed high nt Port
Darwin, but the Chinese have control
of commerce there, and force tho price
of commodities to deplorable heights.
Greeks, Pentagon inns, and Chinese
make great monoy here, and then forward it to their respective countries.
Where would the colored labor come
from! India would supply ita share,
as it does to the Fijian alavery and
the Chinese, Japanese, Malays,' and
Greeks would be prominent, whilst only
five days' steam from Port Darwin are
the millions of Java and Singapore.
Aa the allegations are serious, no
doubt some awkward questions will be
asked in thc house of representations
next week, nnd inteiosting information
should be available for my next epistle.
If    yoil    uni'    tho    LniiK    DlKlnnn-
phone uetweon 9 nnd 12 In thr morning or between l and ii In thp after-
noon, ymi nre tlolnit Just what moat
ii kith of the I'Otilf Dinintin* Telephone tin. When ovorylmdy want* tn
line tho wire nt tlio niiiih' time, Homebody has to wait.
At any other hour of the day
■orvlco Ih prompter, becaimo the demand In lean.
Between 7 p.m. And S a.m. you can
ubo tin1' I.oiij: diiitanco. Telephone over
threo times the day period at tlio
■nine rnte.
OVER 3,000,000
Do not let any dealer substitute on you
Semi-ready quality
And stylo—and price—
And perfect fit.
TheBe we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or .Overcoat.
(18.00 to $40.00
Sole Agents for Vancouver
Our new FALL CAPS are now being shown. We have one
of the largest assortments on the coast. Caps are very essential things these days, and you will find a good selection of
patterns and shapes to choose from, if you como in and see us
first. A full line of Jockey Caps for boys, also the new green
caps that, are now in vogue.   Come in and try one on.
61 Hastings Stnet Eut
Public  Investor
A public utility company has these three
principals to think about continually.
It must give the public good service.
It must return reasonable dividends to
those who put their money into the plant
It must deal fairly and humanly with its
Only by the co-operation of all these parties
can the best degree of service to each of
them be obtained.
Consequently we ask the public to be fair
to the investor and our employees; the investor to be fair to the public and the employee; and the employee to co-operate in
giving service at reasonable cost to the
We hope for an intelligent understanding
of the factors that go to make up good public utility service.
FBIDAY. Auguit tt, 1»17
On Labor Day
On the Scenic Route of the
North Shore Line
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
The following picturesque places are ideal for a day's outing—
CYPRESS PARK .Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS      "       "  35c
EAGLE HARBOR .     "       "  40c
HORSESHOE BAY  .....    "       "  50c
Hourly service thirty minutes past the hour from North Vancouver terminal (adjoining Ferry Wharf). Take Ferry Boat
leaving Vancouver ou the even hour.
For further information phone.
SET. 9547 404 WELTON BLDO.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Buy Union Made Goods
Union Made Hats and Shirts
18 and 20 Cordova St. West 444 Main St.
l efcpooiic i
Sey. 7495
can supply all yout Printing
needs. No Job too large oi
too small. First-clan workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
H lt Is not call up ttu
or drop a oati to onr office, 90S Twenty-fourth Avenno Eut.
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BED), Proprietor
Manufacturers of
OflCft ud Worki: Ttnth Strott        NSW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
Made by the Highest Skilled Union Labor and under the moat stint*
tary conditions by McLeod, Nolan & Go,, Makers of "Eldora," London,
Ont., using only the Highest Grades of Tobacco grown, Positively handmade.   For Sale Everywhere.
Sales Manager for B. O. and Yukon
CHESTERFIELD—li for 26c CLUB HOUSE—3 for 25c
Conventions   of   Standard
Bearers'Seek Havens
of Refuge
A Shepherd Rotund Rounds
Up the Bleating Lambs
and Brands Them
.[By W. W. Lefeaux]
Verily the much-heralded millenium
is upon ub. The convention of the
Great West Liberals has come and
gone, and the party that has resolved
graft and patronage frofai olt the political map has launched its campaign
that Bhall save Canada from the dear
people. No iota of wealth, man-power,
or gaseous explosives, ahall now be
spared, for has not the famous win-the
war resolution been firmly engraved
upon the banner of the Great Liberal
party? No "banner with strange de-
" was ever more proudly unfurled
upon vuriegated air currents than thiB
all-things-to-all-men the get-on-the-band
wagon chorus evolved at Winnipeg.
Now "shall all the sinews of war and
necessary energy to prosecute this business in Europe be applied thereto, save
and except the necessary to win thiB
election, of course. No more shall contractors wax rich, neither shall contributions to campaign funds be accepted
any more by this our converted and
purified party from such aforementioned scoundrels.
To the man-in-the-street, und to tho
average working individual, the political situation ia interesting today; the
times are determining that all men sit
up and take notice, such, very apparently, being far from the case usually.
To the worker who thinks, with any
pretense to originality, the political
situation is alwayB interesting. Even
tho Grits and Tories of the rank and
file, whose fathers Wero "true Liberals or Conservatives in tho good old
days" {whatever that may mean) are
blinking their truth-proof eye* at the
antics of tbe shepherds of their respec-     ...    -       . -..    ,, .,,
tive flocks and dreamily enquiring if  ",lth enqua*imity the possible creation
t\,* Anmm«KAn «# rttoatresL «1T*. JLn-fo* another Ireland in Canada j that they
mentous summons of delegates of the
Liberal faithful from all over the West
Kootenay riding to gather, deliberate
in the country's interest and select a
harbinger of victory from the party of
pure ideals—if not the party of ideal
purity—yclept the great Liberal party,
and to put in motion thin section of
the machine that Bhall surely out-ma*
chine all'other machines in the effectiveness with which it shall obliterate
the infamous machine garbed in other
paint, now blocking the much-coveted
halls at Ottawa.
Some seventy strong, chaperoned and
shepherded by a certain gentleman of
rotundity and boss aspirations known
as '' Tammany Sandy' '—outstanding
idealism and unquestionable motives
are so well known to all acquainted
with him—they flocked to the trysting-
place; presided over by a really big
man known as Noble Binns, they foregathered in the hall of the descendants
of the worshippers of Thor and proceeded to emulate the thunderous characteristics of the latter, in the vehement calling of the heavens to witness
to the purity of Liberal ideals, and in
calling foo "big men" to lead them in
the crusade against unrighteousness as
typified by the camp of the opposition
Of large men in rotundity there was
an ample number; of a really conspicuous Moses there seemed to be a very
considerable uncertainty among a large
section of the assembled deliberators.
However, the matter waB finally settled
and the mantle placed upon the broad
shoulders of one William Anstie, Esquire, who, it appears, is customarily
associated with things wooden and practically defunct enterprises; he will find
himfeelf qute at home in his new role.
Floods ol eloquence, ebbing and flowing about the theme so dear to the
hearts of all the really-truly-faithful of
Liberalism, "the lmmaculateness of
Liberal Ideals," were inflicted upon
that gathering and assimilated with becoming appreciation. Numerous, too,
were the quite evidently first attempts
at oratory that were perpetrated with
all good intent upon that assembly of
Idealists. Were it not for the high ethical standard of the individuals there
seated, it would be a matter for conjecture as to what would have happened
to several with ambitions stronger than
their perception of the fitness of things.
Happily an intermission with coffee nnd
sandwiches for the crowd, and other refreshments for the poeted desirant,
saved the- situation, relieving very
considerably several who showed, signs
of the undue strain upon their restraining powers.
Excepting, of course, the matter of
high ideals, the only incident worthy of
interest was the announcement by the
chairman of the resolutions committee
that the resolutions committee at Winnipeg had had intimated to them that
the Imperial government did not view
the commotion of current events shall
be allowed to jar them in their slumbers; fear, that a little thinking on
their own account may be necessary to
eseape the oncoming debacle, being
quite apparent.
A Dominion election is among the
possibilities of tho near future and
there is a stampede on to elect standard-bearers to lead tbe respective
parties to victory, if may bo, and to ensure the safety, integrity, honor, loyalty, veracity, etc, ad nauseum of
"our" country. Of course, tho, crowdB
of political heelers and flag-wavers
have no uses of their own to grind in
the new great Liberal party and patronage and graft shull for ever be
done away with should thc dear public
only ontrust "us" with the purse.
Of Buch is Revelstoko nnd undoubtedly all other constituencies of the
earth; weherever tho members of tho
useful class abound .there will be found
the exact conditions of soil for implanting high-sounding meaningless
phrases and for the development of nn
enthusiasm over some outworn shibboleth that, as far as the workers aro
concerned, should have been buried in
merited oblivion many decades ago;
the clay of the potter is clay the
world over and shall wo gather figs of
thistles f
So there was a summoning with mo-
Hotel Canada
S18 Bichards Street"""
(Nov Libor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits
the best quality
—the Imperial government—had to
keep a large number of troops on hand
to cope with possible trouble there,
and that the some situation in Canada
was not desirable; that the governor-
general would not sign a conscription
bill and tbat other means had to be
This intimation was no doubt used
with very good effect upon the conscription Liberals, and that masterpiece of
ambiguity concocted, known as the
"great Liberal win-the-war resolution."
After listening to the unanimous re-
solutioning and resolving, accomplished by this as by all other conventions
of the old parties, it seems incomprehensible that the proletariat should
doubt the safety of property und of
our country. Both aro undoubtedly
safe, as they ever have been—safely
out of the reach of the workerB.
We may now go back to our joba—
providing the boss can see his way to
extract some surplus value from us in
the morning—or we may proceed to
hawk our abilities to prospective masters as of yore, safe in the certainty
that no Liberal, or any other capitalist
party, will ever burden us with the responsibilities and worries attached to
the ownership of our means of existence ;■ an all-wise Providence having,un-
doubtedly decreed that it is- not mete
for the mule to handle the reins. Had
we the disposul of the things that we
produce, we would no doubt indulge in
too much high living and debilitating
luxury. But the workers give no sign
of any such undesirable design, and we
can safely leave the protection of already entrenched capitalist interests to
either the Liberal or Conservative par*
ties; neither will- ever be responsible
for shaking 'up the interests of their
friends; if there be no representative
of the revolutionary working class to
vote for, the workers may safely stay
away from the polls.
At times we find ourselves in strange
eompany. Happily the writer is not
often condemned to put in an evening
at a convention of either of the,orthodox political parties; the editor is quite
at liberty -to place such assignments
elsewhere.   .
tramways, bridges and reservoirs, dams,
flumes, nee tnd other ways, water-courses,
aqueducts, wells, wharves, piers, furnaces,
sawmills, crushing works, smelting works,
concentrating works, hydraulic works, coke-
ovens, electrical works and appliances, warehouses, buildings, machinery, plant, stores,
•nd other works and conveniences which may
seem conducive to any of the objects of the
company, and, with the consent of the share-
holden ln general meeting, to contribute to,
subsidise, or otherwise aid or take part in
any such operation, though constructed and
maintained by any other company or persons
outside of the property of the company; and
to buy, sell, manufacture, and doal in all
kinds of goods, stores, implements, provisions, chattels and effects required by the
oompany or Its workmen and servants,
■*■ (f) To build, acquire, own, charter, navigate, and use steam and other vessels for the
purpose of the oompany.
(g) To carry on business as quarrymas-
ten and stone merchants, and to sell, buy,
get. work, shape, hew, carve, polish, crush
and prepare for market or use, stone of all
(h) To carry on business as road and
pavement makers and repairers, and manufacturers of, and dealers in lime, cement,
mortar, concrete and building materials of
all kinds, and as builders and contractors
for the execution of workB and buildings of
•11 kinds In the construction of which stone
ia required.
(1) To carry on all or any of the business of manufacturers of and wholesale and
retail dealers In bricks, tiles, pipes, pottery,
earthenware, china, glassware, terra cotta and
•eramicware of all kinds.
, (1) To carry on buslneas aa manufacturing chemists.
(k) To oarry on business aa manufacturer! of, and wholesale and retail dealers in
soil fertilisers.
(1) To carry on any other business whether manufacturing or otherwise whioh may
seem to the company capable of being conveniently carried on in connection with tho
above or calculated directly or Indirectly to
enhance tbe value of or render profits ble, any
of the company's property or rights.
(m) To acquire, and undertake the whole
or any part of the business, proporty, and
liabilities of any person or company currying
on any business which the company is authorized to carry on, or possessed of property suitable for the purposes of tho eompany.
(n) To take, or otherwise acquire, and
hold shares in any other company having objects altogether or ln part similar to those of
thia company, or carrying on any business
capable of being conducted bo as directly or
indirectly to benefit this company.
(o) To enter into any arrangement with
any authorities, municipal, local, or otherwise
that may seem conducive to the company's
objecta, or any of them, and to obtain from
•ny such authority, any rights, privileges,
and concessions which the company may
think it desirable to obtain, and to 'carry
out, exercise, and comply with any such arrangements, rights, privileges and concessions.
(p) Generally to purchase, take on lease
or in exchange, hire, or otherwise acquire,
any personal property, and any rlghta or privileges which the company may think necessary or convenient for the purposes of its
(a) To construct, maintain, and Alter any
buildings or works necessary or convenient
for the purposes ot the Company.
(r) To invest and deal with the moneys
of tha Company not immediately required In
suoh manner as may from time to timo be
(a) To remunerate any person or company for services rendered, or to be rendered, ln placing or assisting to place or guar
antoeing the placing of any of the shares In
the Company's capital, or any debentures,
debenture stook or other securities of tbe
Company, or ln or about the formation or
Rromotlon of the Company or the conduct of
a business.
(t) To- draw, make, accept, indorse, discount, execute and issue promisory notes,
billa of exchange, bills of lading, warrants,
debentures, and other negotiable or transferable Instruments.
(u) To sell or dispose of the undertaking of the Company or any part thereof for
such consideration aa the Company may think
fit, and In particular for ahares, debentures,
or securities of any other company having
objects altogether or in part similar to those
of thla Company.
(v) To adopt such means of making
known the products of the company as may
seem expedient, and in particular by advertising ln the press, by circulars, by purchase
and exhibition of works of art or Interest, by
publication ot books and periodicals, and by
granting prises, rewards and donations.
(w) To aell, improve, manage, develop,
exchange, lease, mortgage, enfranchise, dispose of. turn to account, or otherwise deal
wtth, all or. any part of tho property and
rlghta of the company.
(x) To carry on business as aforesaid-
throughout the Dominion of Canada.
(y) To do all suoh other things as are Incidental or conducive to the attainment of
the above objects.
(s) And it Is hereby declared that the
word "Oompany" In this clauso shall be
deemed to Include any partnership or other
body of persons, whether incorporated or not
incorporated, and whether domiciled tn the
Dominion ef Canada or elsewhere, and the
Intention Is that the objects specified in each
paragraph of this clause shall, except where
otherwise expressed In such paragraph, be in
no wise limited or restricted by reference to
or inference from the terms of any other'
paragraph or the name of the company.
The operation of the. Company to be carried on throughout the Dominion of Canada
and elsewhere by the name of "Pacific Mining and Manufacturing Company. Limited,"
with a capital stook of one million dollars
divided into ten thousand shares of one hundred dollars eaoh, and the chief place of
business of the said company (registered office) to be at 569 Hornby street, in tho city
of Vancouvor in thB Province of British
DATED St the office of the Secretary of
State of Canada, this 7th day ot   August,
Undersecretary of State.
Mr, Nicholas Romanoff and family
hnve loft Petrograd and taken up their
residence iu Siberia. It has been suggested that the Romanoff purpose in so
doing is to establish the nucleus of a
colony to be built up solely by erstwhile royal throne-sitters and crown-
toters who have been repudiated by the
vulgar and irreverential commonalty.
It is expected the colony will rapidly
increase in membership during the
years immediately following tho ending of the present royal row in Europe.
PUBLIO NOTICE la hereby given that undor the First Part of Chapter 79 of the Revised Statutea of Canada, 1606, known as
"The Companies Act," letters patent hive
been issued under the seal of the Seeretary
of Btate of Canada, bearing date the 7th day
of August, 1817, incorporating Angus Alexander Crowston, Financial Agent; William
Samuel McOlure, farmer; Reuben Tiffin, far*
mer; Joseph John Tiffin, miner, and Charles
William St. John, solicitor, all of the eity of
Vancouver, ln the Provinoe of British Columbia, as Pacific Mining and Manufacturing
Oompany, Limited, for the following purposes, vli.i—
(a) To obtain by purchase, lease, hire,
discovery, location, or otherwise, and hold,
mines, mineral claims, mineral leases, prospects, mining lands, and mining rights of
every description, and to work, develop, operate, and turn the same to account, and to sell
or otherwise dispose of the same or any of
them, or any interest therein. .
(b) To dig for, raise, crush, wash, smelt,
assay, analyse, reduce, amalgamate and other.
wise treat gold, silver, coal, copper, lesd ores
or deposits, and other minerals and metallio
substances and compounds of all kinds,
whether belonging to the oompany or not,
and to render the same merchantable, and to
buy, sell and deal in the same or any of
them. ■ ,      , ,
(c) To c»rry on the business of • raining,
smelting, milling and refining compftny ln all
or any of its branches. ,        _;
<d) To acquire by purchase, lease, hire,
exchange, or otherwise such timber lands or
leases, timber claims, licences to out timber,
surface rights and rlghU*of-w»y, water rights
and privileges, mills, factories, furnaces for
smolt.ng and treating ores »nd refining metals, buildings, machinery, plant, or other real
or personal property as may be necessary for
or conducive to the proper carrying-out of
any of the objects of the company,
(e) To construct, maintain, alter, make,
work, and operate on tho property of the
company, or on property controlled hy the
company,   any  canals,  trails,  roads,   ways,
Delivered to and from All
Trains, Boats, Hotels and
Piano Moving
In Padded Vans by experts
Phone us day or night
Seymour 404, 405
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Union Station'
Oppotlta later laapla
VAJCOOUVM, B. 0.    '
Headquartara for Labor men.   Betes
78o ud $1.01 par da,.
$3.00 por weak ud ap.
Date It Seasonable Batei.
Aak lor thla Ubel when purehaelni Bear,
Ale or Porter, aa a manatee that It la Union
Undo. Tela la onr labal
A Delicious Healthful Drink
There is no other beverage that will refresh and revive like a glass of delicious CASCADE BEER..
Cascade is.brewed by union workmen, in the most'
modern plant on the Pacific coast.
CASCADE is for sale on draught or bottled at all
hotels and liquor stores. Brewed and bottled at the
Vancouver Breweries Limited
NABOB Pure High Grade Tea
is rich, fragrant and delicious.   It is the essence of superior goodness—
tho Hymbol of ten superiority.
Your Grocer Sells It
VICTORIA, B. O.: 018 View Street. Phone, 1260. Greenhouse! and Nursery, Esquimau Rood.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, FI. 0.: Greenhouses and Nursery on O. P, B.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store nnd Registered Offlee: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
48 Hastings Street Eut.   Phones, Soymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.   Phone Seymour 0613
M. E. McCOT, Manager
Your Wife and
Children Need
-You nre thoir protector. While health is
good and income steady, there is little
<sause for worry. The far-sighted man,
however, is not content to "lot well enough
alone." Ho is aware of tho uncertainties of
life, and takes cure to ensure the continued protection of his loved onos.
There Is no surer, no men economical way of
protecting your family than by investing in a
CONFEDERATION LIFE INSURANCE POLICY. Tho premium is an investment not an expense!—nn easy way of saving money and at tho
snmo timo safeguarding the future of your family.
Ask a Confederation Life agent for full information. .
Westminster Trait Bldg., New Westminster
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Seymour Mtt '.*• •■""■■ ' it—^^^maammam
FBIDAT. - August 24, 1917
Suits for Men
Fall Styles
-A DISPLAY visitors to this city should
make a point of viewing. Suits that have
in them the quality touches only found in
suits of quality. Correctly fashioned
suits, of materials that are direct from
Great Britain — tweeds, worsteds, and
cheviots, in new patterns that are snappy
and wear-resisting. Every suit cut by
hand and hand-finished by experts. Tho
best suit value ever shown at this
ouunu     ab     tins
hf Budson'sBauCompaiui. M
__ __________   1*2      m*Mt"tsa*aiM.tttmtaaHmot,oatA L/j**\J
Granville and Georgia Streets
They're starting to go!
-THE NEW PALL HATS—the nattx looking comfort-giving "" ** " "* ""■
trim, clean-cut Derbys
ing    comfort-giving    Soft  Pelti  tnd  the
-The Soft Felt styles which always have
a wide appeal to men, oome ln Pearl,
Slate, Green, Navy, Black and all deair-
able shades.
-For the man who fancies he looks beat In
a Derby we've a range that will suit any
face or figure.
-Our stock is all .reasonably priced,
$3.00 to $6.00
Hon. Frank Oliver Throws
Light on Some of Its
Peculiar Features
Purpose of Government Is
Evidently Industrial
It is the right blend—you get
the full flavor.
It has the purity—you get full
It is carefully packed—from
the "plant to the consumer"—
its aroma is preserved'.
Ask your grocer for It.
If it doesn't give satisfaction,
tnke it back and get your money.
Empress M'fg Co.
Tha Home of Fur* Food Products
Do not buy a
foreign car
Let baby have all the comfort and safety,
provided by our mado-in-B. 0. Oars, and at
the same time keep your money in the
Our new baby carriages are the very best
we have ever had—they are beautifully
built—made safe and sound and solid and
they are so easily operated. Call in and
nee our big display.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(O. S. SHAW A 00.)
904 EOBSON   —   Opp. Court Souse
Our New Illustrated Catalogue
Now Ready and Poet Freo on
——\ 2L _/_
[By G. Stafford Whitby]
It has often been pointed out that
the camo spirit of coercion which inspires tbe demand for military conscription is also behind the suggestions
which are now so frequently made for a
full-blown measure of industrial conscription. This demand is being made
unashomodly in the United Statos. One
may note, for example, an article in the
current issue of the North American
Review, headed "Why Not Industrial
Conscription!" One of the Vancouver
ladies, who are so vociferous for the
outpouring of more young Canadian
blood on the mud of Flanders, blurted
out at a meeting in the Orpheum on
Sunday last, "Why should laborers, too,
refuse to work for many times the
$1.10 which our soldiers receive?"
Mr. Currie, in the House of Commons
debate on the Conscription bill, on July
10, arguing that the bill ought to be
used in tbe direction of industrial compulsion, said, after referring to the soldier's pay of $1.10 a day, "I can't see
that there is any necessity to pay him
(the munition worker) any higher
wages tban tho other men, as a matter
of honor and justice."
Conscription and Private Profit.
Mr. Currie applied bis argument particularly to the manufacture of muni*
tions; but, if the conscription bill, giving the necessary power, is enacted,
there is nothing to prevent the argument from being extended to any other
industries that tne authorities choose to
consider, or that the employers induce
the authorities to consider as "vital,"
and from being used to bring about the
conscription of men to work in such industries, for private profit, at soldiers'
wages. Mr. Currie fails, apparently, to
recognize any substantial difference between a soldier's service for the state,
and a worker's service for the enrichment of a private profit-maker. Strictly "as a matter of honor and justice,"
if labor is to be conscripted for industry, capital should be conscripted too.
Mon conscripted for industry, either
directly or indirectly, by means of tho
threat which can be exercised through
"conditional exemption," dovote their
energies not only to the benefit of the
state, but also to the profit of private
individuals. Men conscripted into the
army devote their energies solely to the
benefit of tho stato. Although this distinction may seem clear enough, there
is in actual practice absolutely no clear
distinction between the two aspects of
conscription—military and industrial.
One of the reasons for this is obvious.
There) are numerous "vital" industries
which, although in private hands, are
as essential for success in modern war
as actual military service in the field,
And the authorities are always left to
decide what shnll be considered
"vital" industries.
Thus we m'iist be quite clear, not only
that it is largely tho same spirit which
is behind the demands both for military
and for industrial conscription, but also
that the working of militnry conscription inevitably involves a greater or
less degree of coercion in industry.
Industrial Compulsion In Europe.
The laBt fact can be seen most clearly in tho two European countries where
a harsh militnry system haB been established longest—Germany and France.
The Germans, in their pursuit of military "efficiency" have already carried
the idea of conscription to itB logical
conclusion by subjecting to compulsory
The Big Attraction
For Saturday afternoon and evening this week
for all-old and young-is the
The show this year is well worth seeing. The exhibits in every department surpasses all previous efforts.
Take the entire family to the grounds as early as possible Saturday-
fun for everybody.
The horse races for Saturday should prove very exciting. Many of the
fastest horses from the prairies as well as British Columbia being entered for Saturday events.
The entire Skidroad will be open all afternoon and evening.
service not only those of military age,
but also the' whole civilian population
above military aee. The French, too,
have no conjunction whatever in ordering the whole population of military
age (up to 55) to perform, at soldier's
pay, whatever task may be chosen for
them. Thus- vast numbers of Frenchmen are serving in factories of all
kinds, as compulsory laborers, at soldier's wages. And the profits of French
industries are correspondingly vast.
The story of how time after time
strikes have been broken by conscription in the continental European countries haB often been told.
In Great Britain compulsory service
is comparatively new to the nation,
and organized labor still retains some
of its power; with the result that it
has not yet been possiblo there to employ the military service actB for the
purposes of industrial compulsion in the
wholesale and outright fashion that
prevails iq, France and Gorlnany.
Indirect Coercion.
Nevertheless, and in spite of solemn
pledges from ministers, even in Oreat
Britain, the conscription acts havo been
used to a very considerable extent for
the purpose^ of industrial compulsion. Instances of thie have been given
in past issues of Thc Federationist.
Numerous strikeB have been broken by
calling up tbe men under the military
Bervice acts, by bringing into operation
the Munitions Act, by using soldiers as
strike-breakers. Or, again, "wofking
parties'' of soldiers, under military authority and receiving only their military "emoluments," huve been lent to
private employers. Men prominent in
trade unionism have been "released for
military service." The most general
use of the acts in the direction of industrial compulsion has been to bring
pressure to bear on the men wherever
''labor unrest" appeared. (The cost
of living has been rising continually,
but wages have not risen proportionately) by employing the acts as a
threat; by threatening to Bend the
"restless" men into tne army/
The Munitions Act.
There have been signs of late that
labor in Great Britain is plucking up
its courage again. Under«the stress of
appeals to its patriotism, it agreed to
the conscription acts. It did not then
recognize how, despite all ministerial
pledges, the actB would inevitably operate in the direction of industrial coercion.
The Munitions Act, which provides
for undisguised industrial coercion in
certain matters, and tubes'away the
right to strike in certain industries, appears to have provoked particularly bitter dislike. Dr. Addison, until lately
the minister of munitions, went to
Woolwich recently to address tbe workers. A list of 400 questions for him
had been prepared by the workers. Dr.
Addison took with him General Sir W.
Robertson, but when the»commander-in-
chief arose to address the gathering,
he was howled down and was unable to
deliver his speech, so indignant were
tho workers! with the ministry of munitions. Tho censor suppressed the fact
that Sir W. Bobertson had been present at the meeting, but tbe facts came
to light in the House of Commons.
In New Zealand a conscription act
was imposed in an autocratic manner
similar to that which is being followed
in Canada, and has been in operation
for some time. Strikes have been dealt
with very drastically by the employment of a $2500 fine for those instituting them, and by the threat of Bending strikers to the firing Hne by the
first transport. The latest news from
New Zealand is that the government
there is headed straight for a measure
of full-fledged industrial conscription.
The Dominion Bill.
In connection with the Canadian conscription bill there have pot even been
tho pledges against its use for industrial purposes which were given in
Great Britain. And, in fact, the Canadian bill seems in some respects peculiarly adapted to the purposo of indirect industrial compulsion. Before examining more clOBely the way in which
this is the case, it may be noticed that,
although the purpose of tho bill is said
to be to raise an army of not more
than 100,000, there iB brought within
its scope the wholo male population between the ages of 20 and 45, amounting
to some 1,800,000 men. On the face of
it, it would appear to be decidedly unnecessary to include all theso men.
Now one of the 'clauses providing
for exemptions under the bill reads as
follows: .
"That it is expedient in the national interests that the man should,
instead of being emuployed in military servico, be engaged in other
work in which he wishes to be en*
gaged, and for which he has special
Exemption on the ground that a man
would be better occupied in his habitual employment thnn in the arhiy is
provided .for in another clause. This
clause or subsection, is quite peculiar.
There is nothing like it in either tbe
British or American conscription acts.
Hon. Frank Oliver.
Hon. Frank Oliver, who was practically alone in his criticism, did good
service in the House of Commons debates, by emphasizing, in the face of
ministerial attempts to belittle the significance of this clause, the manner in
which this clauso could be employed,
and is likoly to be employed. "This
is tbe other barrel of tho provisions of
the bill," ho said. "Ono bnrrol is to
catch the needs of tho front trenches;
the other barrel is to cntch the needs
o£ industry at home. . . It Ib amply
evident that thore is no need for tho
subsection if it is merely intended to
exempt men from aervice at the front.
Every possiblo circumstance of exemption is provided for under the preceding subsection. This subsection is inserted for the express purpose of giviuc
direction to thc labor of tho country
under tho threat of military service, to
the fulfilment of the requirements of
the directors of industry in our great
cities, I prosumfl,"
He charged tbe govornment bill with
aiming nt "forcing labor into employment of so-called vital industry under
the threat of military 'conscription."
Ho said that the purpose of this subsection of the bill wns "tbo conscription
of mot) for civil employment for private
During the course of tho snmo dobato
Mr, Currie, who argued in favor of using thc bill for industrial compulsion,
obligingly gnvo the following us a concrete illustration of the way in whieh
the bill would work. "A young mnn
who is working oil a farm is to be conscripted. Ho says to tho farmori 'I
want $100 n month,' The fnrmcr says:
'I will give you unW 50.' Ho has his
choice, therefore, of taking *50 from
the fnrmer or of bring conscripted."
The Principle at Stake.
If the principle of conscription is accepted, the result will inevitably bn to
bring about nt onco indirect compulsion
in industry to » greater or less degree.
The Dominion bill is framed so that tho
degree would be more likely to bo
greater rather than lens.
But, further, if the principle is ad- j
Public Gets Worst of Majority of many So-called
Bad Form of Gambling-
Small Chance to Win
What has become of that sanctimonious citizen who iB always so ready to
raise a fuss about--.somebody having a
quiet game of penny ante! The same
individual may be found out at Hastings Park having a devil of a time being trimmed for his money by the worst
kind of games of chance. The word
"chance" is a misnomer in this case.
There's but a ghost of a chance to win
anything on some of the high percentage grafts which King Kelly, tne bird
in charge of the skidroad concessions,
has permitted to come in and bunk the
public. This man Kelly was the moving spirit in the war dance last spring.
And, by the way, as the war dance was
more or less of a public thing, and did
not belong personally to Kelly or the
others pf the committee having it in
charge, isn't it about time some form
of itemized statement was turned int
However, the war dance has no connection with the skidroad, except for similarity to a degree, and the presence of
the same King Kelly. Kelly may not
have run the whole show in the ease
of the war dance, but he's the whole
show on the skidroad. It is about time,
if Kelly is to ran things as he has
been running them the past two sea-
sons, that the management of the exhibition itself ran the skidroad.
Of course King Kelly is doing It out
of patriotism. He loves the town.
Kelly doesn't like money himself, but
it is strange that he should permit the
influx of a lot of grafters who are
reaping probably the richest harvest of
that sort ever reaped in this town. As
manager of the skidroad, Kelly is responsible for the kind of "attractions"
that receive concessions at so much
per foot. A lot of fairs would not permit the sort of (one chance in some
hundreds) so-called games of skill
which the public in made to fall for by
the respectable auspices of the Vancouver Exhibition association.
If any one of these high-velocity
grafts were run uptown, the police
wouldn't stand for them live minutes.
Chinese lottery chuck-a-luck, the great
indoor sport, "penny ante," faro, roulette, three-cara Monte, and even the
time-honored circus shell game are respectable business enterprises compared
with the chances on the skidroad.
King Kelly, of course, no doubt
thinks these are great, and if anybody
makes a holler probably says that same
anybody lost a dime and is sore about
it. However, the public of Vancouver
isn't sore about losing any dimes, but
pretty hot under the collar that the
crusaders who are horrified at the suggestion of a game of cards, should permit Kelly to get away with the rough
stuff on the skidroad.
[By Bev. Charles Stolzle] ■
Apparent failure may really spell
success. Some years ago a genius sent
a raft of logs from Canada to New
York. This method of transporting
logs was then unknown. When near
New Tork a great storm snapped the
cablos which bound the logs and they
were scattered far and wide. The chief
of   the   hydrographie   department -at
mitted, effective opposition in the future to undisguised, direct compulsion
for "vital" industries will bo almost
b the Natural Food
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food expert,  says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in thc fact that it is a complete food."
Whon you drink a. glass of
milk, costing 2<Ac, you fortify
your body with as much energy
and nutriment as you would obtain from a can of tomatoes or a
half-pound of chicken,
Eat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ice Cream.
Bo Healthier,
Spend Less.
This Is the Store To Buy
Men's Trousers In
' Hen will be agreeably surprised to  flnd what excellent values are
here in these daya when you practically have to alter yonr whole conception of values.   Bnt these are to all intents and purposes the same
. values as obtained in 1914.
Hundreds of pairs of, the trousers that are here were actually made
in that year, and compare in a tremendously favorable light with today's
wholesale values. Start in here at 12.85 for men's cottonado pants in
neat grey stripe; tweeds and worsteds in a big range of pleasing stripes
aud mixtures at $2.25 to 14.50. Still better qualities of flne worsted
.dress trousers at 15.00 to 17.50.  Navy serge trousers 13.90 and 15.50.
Men's Work Trousers
There are no tougher or more durable trousers than these. The man
oi» thc ranch, the prospector, excavator—all men engaged in rough work
that calls for clothes of exceptional durability, will flnd these trousers
all they could desire. Well cat, thoronghly stitched and equipped with
a full complement of pockets. All sizes. : '
. 12.26
12.00 and WM
—Men's Store, Main Floor.
'•Quality titntutry"
Ttie Strongest Man
could not long withstand the ruinous effect of bad
teeth on his health. For bad teeth injure the digestive organs and damage the entire body. They harbor the germs of many diseases, mar the appearance
and breed sickness and loss. It costs you nothing
to learn the condition of your teeth if you come to
me.  And you need have no fear.
I give Ten-Year Written Guarantees.
Doctor Grady
"TIM Quality Dentist"
Suite 202 Bank of Ottawa Bldg.
602 Hastings Street W.
Open Tueaday ud
Friday Evenings,
Washington heard of the accident and
sent word to shipmasters the world
over to watch out for the logs, noting
the latitude and longitude In whieh
they were discovered. Hundreds of
captains reported, with the result that
remarkable discoveries ware made aa to
the courses of ocean currents. Joggini
lost his raft bnt the world gained new
knowledge ot marine geography and
Perhaps your raft has been deatroyed.
You had hoped great thlnga for it j bnt
th logs are not lost. Yon will flnd then
scattered all through your life and perhaps in a time of storm they will save
you from shipwreck. They have gone
into the building-up of your character.
Also and more important atill, they
will save some other fellofr from disaster. Columbus failed in finding a buk
door to India, bnt he discovered America. The Spanish' court could aee in
Columbus' discovery merely a few Indian souvenirs, but to the world it
meant a vaat continent. ,
When a man hae honestly dono hla
beat; he may have the consciousness
that no one can do better than his
Te ambers of aay aalea la Cauda a
spadal rata ior Tii hdsiitioaUt ef |1
par rear—If a dab ef 10 er aaore le seat
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for oat rtor'o onbiorlpUob to Tho B.
O. Fodontloalit, will bo mollod to oar ad-
droti In Ci>B»di for 910. (Oood urwfcoro
ottildo of VonoouTor elty.) Ordor tM to-
d»7>   Bomlt whon told.
A powerful photo-drama of the last frontier from thc famous book by America's
leading author,
Evening prices:
250, 350, 500, 750
Matinee Prices:
150,250, 350, 500
The Treat ol Ihe Season PAGE SIX
FBIDAT. August 24, 1917
I make dental work
easy for my patients—
I HAVE made a special study of the various formB and methods
of alleviating pain while dental work is in progress, and apply
in all my work that means und method which will best suit your
individual case.
MY methods in this connection are as thorough as modern science can make them.     There is no need of dread or fear on
your part when eoUmig to me for attention.
IN addition to these special advantages, I offer you dental work
of a superior character done in such a manner as to assure ita
permanency. This I urn uble to offer because of my complete
equipment, which include an X-Ray apparatus, which is employed
when1 ordinary dental methods aro insufficient to assure sure work.
Call on me before having any dental work done.   You will find
my methods are thorough and my charges reasonable.
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dunsmuir Private entrance
During August I will
take X-ray Sims ef yonr
teeth without charge.
Endangers Public Health As
Well As the Health of
the Bakers
Other Features.
Matinees 10c and 20c.   Nights 15c and 26c.
Shoes!    Shoes!
We have footwear for All pnrposea.
The best of leathers and the very beat
workmanship. Tou will find here exactly the atyle of Shoe yon wilh.
Stronger ahoea for the laboring man.
The very finest of Shoes for the bait*
ness man.
Pricei, 14.60 to 112.00
Greatest Stock of
hi Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Funuture Co.Ud.
41 Hastings Street West
Bacon, siloed, per Ib 300
Ayrshire Bacon 30c and 36c
18 lbs. B. C. Sugar 11.65
Slater's Tea, m  300.
Slater's Coffee, lb  88c
Apex Jam, 4-Ib. tins...... 46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for... 250
Evaporated Milk . 10c
Jello, 3 for 150
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
Delivery to AU Parti
131 Hastings St East   Say. SKI
ISO Oranvllle St.     Bay. 866
3214 Main Stmt    Pair. 1683
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
1337 MAIN ST. Phone: Pair. 447
School Shoes
"The Bouse of Leckie" makes
School Shoos for Boys and GirlB
with thu Bame honest thoroughness that characterizes every
shoes of every kind turned out
from this big western factory.
That's literally true.
Ask to aee No. 1.246—siees 1
to 5j No L346—sizes 10 to 13—
heavy, strong linos. Here are
nlso splendid, serviceable School
Boots hut in finer leathers—a lit-
tic more fltyle—No. L214—sizes
1 to 5. No. L314—sizos 10 to 13.
NOTE: Wo make tho
"SKOOKUM" line of boots at
slightly lower prices, but remember this—a "SKOOKUM" is ns
good a boot os nny lnnde anywhere—a "LECKIE" is just a
little bolter.
At your dealers—Name Leckie
on overy "Leckie" shoe—Name
"Skookum" on every "Skook-
nm" shoo.
Allied Printing Tradea Connell—B. H. Mee
landa, Box 88.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, 1801 Seventh avenne
Bartenden—W. E. Smith, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill. B.
Bookbinders—W. H, Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenne eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1151 Howe atreet.
Boot and Shoe Workera — Tom Cory,  182
Templeton drive.
Brewery Workers—A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1,
1738 Fourth Ava. West.
Brieklayera—William S. Dagnall, Lahor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpentera Dlitrlet Connell
—0. H. Page, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Englneera—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Horwood airaal.   Seymour
Brotherhood of Loeomotlra Firemen and En-
glnemen—H. O. Savage, 1285 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Bailway Carmen—
Brotherhood   of   Malntenance-of-Way   Em-
„ P.1?/'"^11.* Oertta, 288 Clark drive.
Building Trades Connell—Viator B. Midgley.
Room 210, Lahor Templar
Clgarmakers—B. Craig, eara Van Loo Cigar
„, Factory, Georgia atreet.
0"*K "S^ifi Union—Syd. Jackson, Mo. >
Jlr<i Hall, Seymonr street.
Civic Employees—G. Harrison, 1428 Kitchener street.
Cooks,  Walten, Waltreaaea—Andy Graham.
. Boom 804, Ubor TomplaT maam,
D?p ■»}•-fMaraaa's Enlon-Buse.il Kear
lay, 487 Gore avaasa.
E1"'rl«l Workera—E. H. Morrison, Room
207, Labor Temple.
Eng neon—(Steam and Operating)—W. A
Alexander, Labor Tsmple.
Granite   Cutlen—Edward   Hurry,   Columbia
Garment Workera—Un. Jardlne, Ubor Tern-
Hod Carrlen and Building Ubonrs—>Ubor
Lathers—J. Lelghton, Holdon Building, East-
. Inse street eaat.
Utter   Carrlen—Robt.   Wight,    177—17th
avenue weat.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St.
Longshoremen's   Auxiliary,    No.    38-52—E.
Winch, 1218 Howe street.
Machlnlata—J. Brooke.  Room   all,   Ubor
Musicians—E. J. Jamleson, Room 805, Labor
Holden—G. F. Mlebola,   121  Sixth avenue
Moving Picture Operaton—A. A. Hansen. P
0. Box 145.
Order of Railroad Conductor,—O. Hatch. 761
Beatty atreet.
Palntera—Jai.   Wilson,   Room   803,   Ubor
Plumben —Boom    208)1,   Ubor   Temple.
Phono Seymour 8811.
Pile  Driven and Wooden  Brldgemen*—W.
Eastman, P. 0. Box 8J0.
Pressmen—B. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo. Rueh,  2276 Fourteen Ava.
west.   Bayvlew 8215L.
.•flf-"*.!"*-Vancouver—E.   Westmon-
688 Hamilton street-
Retail clerks' Association—A. P. Glen, 123
llth Ave. Weat.
1MB     V°,m~W' "* aent, P. 0. Box
BttS^'L.l'?\ w»rt"»—Boy   Massecar,
Room 208, Labor Temple,
TKLBMttar1-w- ■"""'"•,,M
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W. Hardy,   445
28rd Street West, North Vancouver B.O
s,lT&._\$t.»ni'm'*-<J-<' »•»••
Tallore-H. Nordland, Bex 608.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Oae. W. Allln,
Box 711.
T"tHUZ.I— H«-I»ra-A Jamleson.  540
Twentythlrd aveana aaal.
Tradee and Ubor Council—Vletor R. Midi*
ley, Room 210, Ubor Temple.
Typographical—H. Sealant.. Box 66.
Tenders are invited for delivery of
from One thousand to Two thousand
cords of four-foot cordwood    (Sr    or
hemlock) to be delivered in carloads at
any point on the B. C. Electric Hail-
way or at the Breweries, corner    of
„?.     Av,J"«e and Yew Street.
British Columbia Breweries Limited,
Per 8. L. PBENTEB,
Beceiver and Manager.
Vancouver, B. C,
August 20th, 1917.
To Trade Unionists
When yon get tired hunting for
sociaUst news in capitalist papera,
eubaoribe for The Milwaukee
■J*-***", the big socialist dally.
Samples on request. Milwaukee,
Tha DeBy Milwaukee Leader and
Tha Federationlit, one year, |4,»6.
There are a dozen reasons
why you should burn
South Wellington
Cleanliness, efficiency and
economy are three good reasons. Give it a trial and
you'll flnd the other nine.
Telephones, Sey. 1441, 465
Bakers are seeking a new arrange-
ment with their employers, the particular cause of complaint being night
work. Bakers maintain that night
work is not only bad for the employee's
health, but bad for the general public
as well. The master bakerB, in opposing the employees' demands for an ail
day job, argue the public demands fresh
bread. This, however, is not borne out
by the popular demand at all, which is
not for bread bo fresh that it must bc
made at night. If night work is bad
for tbe health of the baker, leading to
consumption in some instances, it must
be very unhealthy for the public which
eats bread manufactured by an unhealthy baker, whose condition is caused by the employers demanding that
ho work throughout the night.
The Bakers' union met Inst Saturday
night and generally discussed working
conditions. They will hold another
meeting Sept. 1. Although they have
had. a local organization for some time,
they have not been affiliated with the
Trades and Labor council. They have
decided to go back to the international
The bakers want night work abolish'
ed altogether, arguing there is absolutely no necessity for it, It accentuates
ill-health and the public does not require bread made at night under such
conditions. The men say the demand
of the public for freBh bread may be
met with a delivery every morning of
bread made in the afternoon before,
and a big delivery in the afternoon of
bread made in the morning. Bread delivered in the morning wo-ald not only
be fresh, but warm, and equally as good
as were it baked during the night.
(Continued from page 1)
ly career, and that one was the pte. already referred to. The very fact that
he is still a pte. affords ample justification for the supposition. The usefulness referred to means anything useful
to humanity and the cause of human
progress. That pte. has quite likely
performed some useful service somewhere in the production of thc things
requisite to human comfort nnd welfare. No doubt that is why he remains
clothing and sheltering ull—"the
who spoke so ltfudly and convincingly
that thet daily sewerpipes beard and
were greatly -elated thereat. The
wealth producers, the useful ones of
Canada, they who carry upon their patient backs the burden of feeding,
clothing and sheltering all, "the
people" who spoke, well, and themselves riot so well nnd oftentimes ill indeed—may be dend sure that not a
word was spoken by this precious aggregation of self-appointed talent, that
was not aimed directly against the
highest and beBt interests of those
wealth producers and useful memberB
of human society. Every word there
and then spoken was a boost for the
powers that be, and that are leaving
no stone unturned to make more complete the stranglehold they already
hnve upon those over whom their rulo
is ruthlessly and brutally exercised.
The wealth producers, tho common
people, do not need to attend meetinga
of this character in order to find out
whether anything there said or advocated is calculated for their benefit.
Tho only thing necessary to know is
who calls or arranges for the meeting.
What interest in human society is responsible for it and from what calling
in present day society are the jaw-
smiths and phrase-peddlers selected who
are to administer the verbal dope.
From the wealth producers the farmers
and wage workers, there might come
words of wisdom and good advice to
members of that class in human society.
Of course there are among even thoae
occasionally to be found some who can
be UBed, for dubious purposes by the
ruling claBB and itB venal tools. But
most men are loyal to the economic
class in human society to which they
belong especially onco they recognize
those class lines. The paid tools of
the ruling class may alwayB be depended upon to remain loyal to their employers. Lawyers, Rev's., profeaaors,
public officials, politicians, more especially of the skirt variety, and that
grand galaxy of editorial pundits and
penny-a-liners that shout their prostituted vacuity in daily BlaveringB at
bo touch per slaver, are compelled to
come through with the goods or suffer chaBtiBement. If they fail, lawyers will be without clients, Rov .
without pulpits, professors without
chairs, politicians without skirts and
pundits and penny-a-liners probably be
forced to depend upon perpetual tag
daya in the tenderloin district, which,
by the way, isn't so very much of a
come-down after all.
Bow—Wow!   Yap—Yap—Yap!
From the many gems of eloquence
and great gobs of logic tooBt convincing,
that dropped from the inspired lips of
various speakers upon the memorable
and epoch-making ocension above referred to, the following choice selection
is offered for the earnest consideratiom
and perhapB mental invigoration of
those whom unkind fortune prevented
from attending that "feast of reason
and flow of soul." That the selection
is the very best that could be made
from the taaterial furniBhed by the
platform talent of the occasion, is
amply attested by the fact that it wub
made by the Daily Province of this
city, to whom nil credit should bo given,
not only for its zeal in tho spread of
educational matter of a high order, but
also for its keen discrimination in separating the wheat of reason and convincing logic from the chaff of confusing platform piffle and stereotyped
flubdub. The selection is tho very best
possiblo under the circumstanccB Here
It is. Read, be convinced and forever
after hold you peace.
"So long ns thia war lastB I will not
vote for a party of which a French-
Canudian is the head. . . When the war
i9 ov<* Canada ahould enact clear and
explicit lcgialation preventing Germans
or \ustrians from entering this country The Germane have Bhown themselves unspeakably unclean beasts. —
B. P. Davis, K.C.
"I am only a woman but I would
like to help in stripping Armand La-
vergne of Aat uniform. . . . Make your
women capable of filling the places left
vacant by conscription and give equal
Crepe de Chine
at Attractive Prices
FROM THE most inex-
p«nsi\ely priced to
the most elaborate,
every garment is an artistic example of; careful and
skillful designing and
workmanship. Values of
most noteworthy nature
are represented in the following. , Note these:
In flesh or white, with deep
yoke of heavy Met lace, flne
lace or Swiss embroidery,
plain hemstitched or shadow
lace and net trimmed styles.
Splendid quality garments and
unusual values at $3.75.
Flesh or White Crepe de Chine
Envelope Chemise, with colored forget-me-nots, or with
shadow lace yoke and Georgette crepe inserts. Shown in
all sizes, at 9160 each.
This assortment embraces
hand embroidered, lace and
Georgette trimmed designs in
a wide variety of styleB, affording a splendid opportunity
for individual selection. These
come in flesh or white, in all
sizes—18.75 each.
Washable Satin Bloomers, in
flesh or white, with double
seat, at 13.75 to $5.00.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
pay for equal work."—Mrs. Ralph
"We need conscription so that the
30,000 Canadians who have fallen in
France shall not hnve died in vain."—
J. N. Ellis.
"It is n crime to divide ourselves
at such a time as this, but if an election becomes necessary we should elect
a government pledged to enrry out conscription for ull Canada. I am not too
old to go and help enforce it"—8. L.
"Shall we sacrifice the HveB of our
heroes to save the lives of our
cowards? The answer is yours."—
President Laughnun of the Provincial
War Veterans' Association.
"Canada promised to support her
men in the trenches. If she doea not
do it I do not wish to live in Canada."
—Lieut.-Col. Macdonnell, D.8.O.
"If it would be of nny help I would
gladly walk barefoot from Vancouver
to Ottawa with this resolution."—A.
C. Flumerfelt of Victoria, formerly
provincial minister of finance.
"Our family has grown into thousands tonight. The heart of British
Columbin is sound on great questions."
—Rev. Principal Vance.
"Some modern Cromwell may be
needed to lead a united people in the
Dominion."—Nicol Thompson.
"An attempt to carry on party politics and an election now would tend
towards the defeat of the very object we all Bhould hav-e in view."—
L. G. McPhillips, K. C.
Can you beat itf
Will Send Delegates.
The next meeting of Trades and Ltt:
bor council will Bee delegates from the
Blacksmiths' union which has decided
to affiliate with the central body.
Successful Campaign.
The Cooks and Waiters' union, with
which is affiliated tho waitresses, iB in
excellent shape, and negotiationa with
the Hotol Vancouver are expected to
be thoroughly successful. A reorganization campaign is on full blast with the
moBt encouraging prospects. The wait-
resaca expect to send two delegates to
the Trades and Labor council.
Who made the law that men ahould die
in mcadowsf
Who spoke the word that blood shoujd
splash in lanesf
Who gave it forth that gardens should
be boneyardsl
Who spread  the hillB with  flesh antf
blood and brains?
Who made the law?
Who toade tho law that death should
stalk in valleys?
Who spoke the word to kill among the
Who gave it forth that Death should
lark in hedgerows?
Who flung tho dead among the fallen
Wbo Made the Law?
Last October a young man was killed
fighting on tho Somme, and tho above
lines which ho had written prior to his
death, were found, on his body. Con-
scriptioniatB aro especially recommended to read tho lines, although it is a
forcgono conclusion that such reading
will not chango their nature.
"I sometimes wonder if the Australian workers know what they have es-
enped by their referendum against conscription. First of all, under conscription, you get everyone registered-ao
that they can be kept track of. Then
you get certain "exceptions" to military service, mainly pftTSona. They stop
nt home and pray and look after the
girls, while the congregation go out
Bcrnpping for the glory of the Lord.
—From an English letter.
Discharges Teamsters and
Won't Recognize Any
There is one firm in Vancouver that
doesn't give a hung for all the unions
in this or any city, won't have anything to do with a union, nor with
anybody connected with a union, This
firm is Tumors' Dairy. That, in substance, is what the managehicnt of the
dairy wished to impress upon Business
Agent Midgley of the Trades and Labor
council. A union of teamsters was recently organized, and the majority of
employers are propared to recognize
the fact that teamsters, like everybody
cIbo, have a right to have a union and
to get a decent wage. But the Turner dairy doean 't.
Discovering thtit it hud hired a union
man for n driver of one of its milk
routes, whnt dues thc management do
but promptly tire the union man, accompanying tho discharge with tho added
information that thut firm didn 't want
anything to do with unions nor anybody connected with them.
Tlio Turner dairy, as almost every
dairying establishment, does business
with union homes. So why should not
union men see to it that they patronize firms which recognize their rights
aB citizens of this country to organize
themselves into a union and draw down
a decent, living wage?
The Turner dairy, with others, recently put the price of milk up. In
order to affect such a deal which is a
contemptible thing to say thc least
when there is such a large profit in
milk anyway, the dairymen entered
'iipon* an organization for the particular
purpose of combining in bucIi a manner that they could boost prices. But
the Turner dairy objects to the work
man having his union.
It is a mutter for serious question
whether or not the dairymen 'b combine
is legal, and if it is not in restraint of
trade. It is morally wrong for dealers
in food, especially food so necessary
for the welfare of growing infants, to
raise prices.
Howover, almost anything might be
expected of the Turner dairy in light
of its troathient of the newly-organized
union. Tcnmsters wish the general
public, especially the unionized public, to bear in mind the fnct that the
Turner dairy has discharged a teamster
for belonging to> a union.
An alehouse-keepci near Islington,
who had long livd nt the sign of the
French King, upon the commencement
of the last war pulled down his old
sign, und put up thut of the Queen of
Hungary. Under the influence of her
red face and golden sceptre he continued to sell ale, till she was no longer
the favorite of his customers; he
changed her, tlierefVe, some time ngo,
for tho King of Prussia, who may probably be changed, iu turn, for the next
grent man that shnll !>c set up for vulgar admiration.
In this manner the great are dealt
out, one after the other, to the gazing
crowd. When we have sufficiently wondered at one of them, he is taken in,
and nnother exhibited in his room, who
seldom holds his station long;—for the
mob aro ever pleased with variety.
I must, own, I have such tin indifferent opinion of the vulgar, that I aril
ever led to suspect that merit which
rniaeB their shout; p.* least I am certain to find those great, and sometimes
good men, who feel satisfaction in such
acclahiationB, made worse by it; and
history has too frequently taught me,
that the head that has grown this day
giddy with the roar of the million, has,
the very next, been fixed upon a pole.
There is Bcarce a village in Europe,
and not one university, that ih not furnished with its little great men. Thc
head of a petty corporation, who op-
poses the designs of n prince, who
would tyrannically force bis subjects
to save thoir best clothes for Sunday,*
the puny pedant, who finds one 'undiscovered quality in the polypUB, or describes an unheeded process in thc
skeleton of a mole, and whoso mind,
like hiB microscope, perceives nature
only in detail; the rhymer, who makes
Bmooth verses, and paints to our imagination when he should only speak to
our heartB;—all equally fancy thcta-
selves walking forward to immortality,
nnd desire the crowd behind to look
on. The crowd takes them at their
word. Patriot, philosopher, and poet,
are Bhouted in their train. "Where
was there ever so much merit seen?
No times so important as our own!
Ages, yet unborn, shall gaze with wonder and applause!" To such music
th important pigmy moves forward,
bustling and swelling, nnd aptly compared to a puddle in a storm.
I have lived to seo generals, who
onco had crowds hallooing after them
whoroever they went, who wero be-
praised by newspapers and magazines,
—thoBe echoes of the vulgar,—and yet
they havo long aunk into merited obscurity, with senrco evon an epitaph
left to flatter. A few years ago the
herring-fishery employed all Grub
street; it was the topic in every coffee-house, and the burden of every ballad. Wo wero to drag up oceana of
gold frota tho bottom of the sea; ^ we
were to supply all Europe with herrings
upon our own terms. At present wo
hear no more of all thia. We have
fished 'ap very little gold, that I can
learn; nor do wo furnish the world
with herrings, us oxpected. Let us wait
but a few years longer, and we shall
find our expectations—a herring-fishery.
Every union man sure will be proud
of the Carhartt exhibit at' the Fair. It
is the biggest thing at the Fair, and it
iB suro only right thnt a union shop,
that is proud to be a union shop, should
have the lead.
There has been quit* a few people
getting free overalls. There were six
the first day, and nine thc second. And
the hinnager Bays thero will be more to
follow. All the winners' names will bo
published next weok in Tho Fedorationist. You want to bo sure and get your
name; among them.
Wo think it is a good motto that
they have to look for the sign and wo
know overy good union man will look
for the Carhartt sign and more than
that see to it that he gets lt.
There are a good many union jobB
that were in Vancouver this past year,
because we havo the big Carliartt factory here. Sec to it that everybody
wears them.   It all helps us all out. ***
The Only Union Men's
Olothing and Furniih-
ing Store in Vancouver
Men's Trousers
A Large Shipment
Has Just Arrived
The fabrics are of
durable Worsteds
and Tweeds in neat
grey and brown
mixtures, erey and
black and white
Exceptional values
$2.50, $3.00, $4.00,
$5.00,  $6.00,  $7.00
Poor old Bob Rogers! Everybody
knows what writing letters means. It
is one of the stageB. He will be talking religion next. Hon. Robert Rogers
was a great figure in Canadian affairs,
and some thought during his activities
that he would cut some ice in world
matters. Of course, thia latter waB
wrong, but in the days of his political
prime, ho waa known ns the power behind Sir Robert Borden, who in 1917,
absolutely lost control of the Tory
party, which seemed to become disorganized by mismanagement. While Bob
RogerB had his many faults, now that
he shows signs of decline, his worst
enemies even are disposed to think of
him charitably. While the real cause
of his trouble ia unknown of course, it
is thought thnt he worried too much
over the high cost of war material,
food, political pull and such things
which in his day came very high. When
another political history of Canada iB
written, after the wary Rogers may not
be mentioned in it as a statesman, but
he may find a place in its pages as a
politician, in the guile nnd tricks of
which he was a past master. But, alas,
politicians do not live in history, only
statesmen do, so we shall shed no tears
over the passing of nnother.
Why don't tho Tories and GritB hang
out this sign: "Wanted — soldiers to
join our ticket." That's what they're
both trying to get—some respectable
soldiers who have done their bit, to
now do a political bit for Bohiebody
else's benefit. The returned men, by
the wny, who are entitled to consideration as brave men who didn't bother
about polities or nnything else, but just
went along, nre falling for a lot of
bunk let. loose in the Tory "news"
factory. Some of it is cleverly conceived, and the work of the bruin of
some underpaid newspaperman, who
writes like u carpenter drives nails—according to plans set beforo him. For
all of which some politician will get
tho credit nnd forget that some newspaperman made him. And after he's
made, he'll worry lest he be unmade
again by the same, or similar, hand.
There's comfort to the newspaperman
to know that occasionally opportunity
presents itself to take a solid rap at a
publicity-made national character.
Tho way the delegates to the Winni-'
peg Liberal convention have been dodging is startling. Every mnn who can
muster up nn excuse for not going to
the front, hns been taking a whack at
the convention. Whenever a man comes
to you and urges conscription, just look
him over. He wouldn't make any kind
of a soldier in some instances but, as a
rulo, he would be a pretty husky chap
with the fnt off.
That noted Liberal, Charlie Campbell, is after the nomination among the
Liberala to contest the Vancouver Centre federal riding in the elections which
distress signals from Ottawa indicate.
The beBt way for the Tories to win is
for the Grits to run Charlie. Many
Tories believe this.   So do many GritB.
Come to think of it, what's become
of Doc McGuire in this national crisis f
Why doesn't the little dentist come forward and settle the matter once and
for all. Because ho is peevish aboat
not getting n senntorship is no renson
why in this great emergency the country should not hnve tho benefit of his
politicnl genius.
The present crisis among politicians
shows one thing—Sir Wilfrid Laurier
keeps all his opponents guessing by
just snying nothing. Meanwhile, the
Tories are running round in circles trying to cntch their tails. Impossible
when they haven't a real head. The
centrifugal force of the merry-go-round
seems to hav* thrown Sir Robert upon
his knightly ear.
A trouble in Grit ranks seems to be
there are too many ambitious to bo
lenders. Of course Sir Wilfrid is getting old, but at that he seems to have
n firm grip 'upon the Grit steering gear.
And he no doubt will visit a reckoning
upon the mutineers eventually.
It is Bald that the provincial governmont has decided to postpone the opera*
tion of the Civil Service Aet awhile
longer, and that the "no patronage"
plank, whieh haa been worn quite thin,
is to be repaired. On Friday night,
just after tho house prorogued, the
most of the government members, including those so anxious to get home
"to their farms," caucuased the patronage subject till the small hours of the
morning. The decision reported is that
hereafter the Brewster-Oliver government will not go over the heads of the
local members in making appointments,
as in the pnst, which same created all
kinds of ill-feeling among the members,
who at ono time would have ditched
the premier and his band, but thought
better of it when they decided ahould
an election be held, their chances for
return were not as safe as they should
like them to be.
Ask for libor  Ttmplt   'Phons  Sxchuit
Seymonr   74B5   (onltis   otbtrwlM   sUtod).
Boilermakers—J. H. Csrmiohiel. Boom 212,
Lsbor Temple,
Bridge and Structural Iron Workeri—R.
Masiecar, Boom 208.
Brotherhood of Carpentera, No, 617—Walter
Thomas, Boom 208.
Brotherhood of Carpentera, No. 2647—F L.
Barratt, Boom 208.
Electrical Worken—E. H. Morriion, Boom
207.    Sey. 8510.
Cooks and Walters—A. Graham, Boom 804.
Deep Sea Piflhormen'a Union—Bunell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne, Offloe phone, Sey*
mour 4704;  residence,  Fairmont  1826X.     I
Longshoremen's      Association—Gordon      J.
RSKO      80*   Pender   Btreet   WMt'   Phone   Se7*     '
I. L. A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, 486 Howe
street.    Phone Sey   6860.
Muslolans—E, A. Jamieson, Boom SOS.
Painters—H. Grand, Boom 808.
Pile   Drlvera   and   Wooden  Brldgemen—W.   '
Plumbers—J.  Cowling,  Boom  206%.      Sey.   I
8611. I
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 218 Hastings itreet
west.    Sey. 8708.
Shipbuilders'   Laborers—W.   Hardy,    Labor   l
Temple. 1
Steam   and   Operating   Englneera —W.   A.   I
Alexander, Boom 216.
Street Bailway Employees—Fred A, Hoover;
cor.  Main and Prior.      Phone  exchange  '
Seymour 5000. Residence, Fairmont 641B.
Teamsters—H. J. Petrie, Jr., Hoom 210.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor B. Midgley, Boom 210.
Typographical—It.  H.  Neelands,  Boom 206.
Every Union Man Who Visits
the Labor Temple
Should patronize the
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
The; are tbe finest bit ef workman-
hip In the bicycle world; 8 different
models in variety ot colors.
Prices from 142.50 to 155.00 on
easy payments If desired.
"Tbe Pioneer Bicycle Store "
618 How. St.     tig Haitian 8t   W.
iliotbio ftjctobbs 4i con
Be. ua and nn money.
Tbe Jirra Electric Co., Ltd.
WO Bldurdi Stmt
Oeorge B. French, of Hediey,    nn
oldtlme typo., Is In the city on a visit.
The Charming story of a Wonderful Shop QUI
Summer prices:
10c, 25c and 35c
Please remember tbat no letter
acknowledgment of enbacrln-
tions or renewala are made
The addreas label on yonr
paper carries the date to which
yonr subscription Is paid. If
after forwarding monies to this
olllce, the correct change In
your label date la not made.
notify ns at onee. When you
hare a kick to make regarding
dellrery, or otherwise, kindly
lend It to tbls offlce-*-nol; J
the  other  fellow.    Thus  yon
B.C. Federationist
b. pash. mnpiBoa,
Labor Timple.
Vaneouyer, B. 0.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items