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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 7, 1917

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Exhibition Association Did
Not Pay Decent Wages
to  Veterans
So-Called   "Public   Spirit"
Very Disappointing When
It Has Been Analyzed
The Vancouver exhibition, rejently
closed, made a clean-up of* (6,000. A
part of this money belongs to the re*
turned - soldiers who were employed
there. Although the exhibition management is patting itself on the back
and congratulating the directors on
their perspicacity, the public must not
run away with the idea that this in*
stitution is quite such a public-spirited
one aa President J. J. Miller would have
the public believe. The Federatlonist
would suggest that the management
take some of this $5,000 and pay the
balance of what would be decent wages
which should have been paid to returned
aoldlera who were employed at the
gates and on the grounds.
The exhibition was a very cheap
ahow. The exhibits were good but the
rest of the show was pure bunk, especially the King Kelly attractions.
But the worst story has not been
written. The management haggled with
tke returned soldiers who were looking
for work, and got them for a ten-hour
shift for 42.50 a day. That was bad
enough, but the story iB really worse.
Thit "public-spirited" institution, in
keeping with a lot of employers, sought
to play upon the patriotism of women
in the war, und would put women to
work iu various departments where men
had been employed before. They were
to pay the women a DOLLAR AND A
HALF a day. They had engaged a lot
of young women to do this work, and
some of them were on the job the opening morning.
Believing the management of the ex.
hibition to be what it seemed—patriotic
—the Returned Soldiers' club took a
hand, and wanted to place some veterans very much In need of work at the
jobs on the fairgrounds. The management aaid it would hire as tnany as it
had room for, and who could do the
work. Aa the returned men knew then
were lota of things they eould do at the
grounda> quite a number went out there.
But they were told thero waa work for
very few, as the management had hired
Well, the hiring of women was not
objected to by tho soldiers, but when
they found out the wages to be paid the
women they kicked up a row. Those
that were hired simply went on strike,
The other men, and some of the women,
went on strike in sympathy. There was
a period when the situation was tense
for the tnanagement and directors. They
feared it would get into print.
Before tho crowd had commenced to
gather ln the afternoon a settlement
had been arrived at, and the soldiers
had to accept *2.50 a day. This was
not all. The management let the women go for, if they hod to pny *2.50 a
day, they did not appear to think that
wage should bo paid to women. So the
places were filled by the returned men,
and nt a wage out of all proportion with
wages commonly pnid by the private
employer or the city.
Upon the exhibition closing, and the
management figuring its takings, the
clean-up was $5,000. Perhaps nobody
needs part of this money more than the
very roturnod soldiers who were compelled to drill through a weary teu-hour
day for their $2.50.
No Trouble Expected ln Arriving at a
Satisfactory Agreement with
Hotels and Cafes.
A new scale of wages is being fixed
by the Cooks, Wuiters and Waitresses'
■union, in which the membership is increasing very fuBt. During thc pnst
three weeks tho union has added more
than u hundred molabors. In addition
to a wage scale, tho union ib to ask for
a new schedule of hours so that employees shall work only eight hours out
of twelve and Bix days a week. The
union will meet tonight nnd among
other business to bo considered ure
thirty to forty new applications. The
meetings of late havo been well attended. No difficulty is expected in arranging the new wngOB and hours with the
A Clause of This Agreement Is Said to
Be Distinctly Inimical to
Union Organisation.
The biggeBt obstacle in tbe way of
tbe Bakery and Confectionery Workers'
union, is Shelly's bakery, whieh is said
to have a sort of profit-sharing agreement with Its employees.   One of the
elauseB in this agreement is said to read
in effect that tho teen muBt not join
any union, such being tantamount to
discharge from the employ of Shelly's.
Shis agreement is also an obstacle to
ie signing up of the Shelly teamBters
by the newly-organized TeamBters' and
Drivers' union. While the bakers of
'the province, including Shellys, have a
strong organization of master bakers,
it seems, according to the reported
clause in tho Shelly agreement, this
firm objects to itB employees having
their organization. The Bakers and
Confectioners met last Saturday night.
ftgVW)     $1.50 PER YEAR
The Workers Strike Against
Heavy Odds for a
Wage Increase
How "Democracy Is Made
Safe" in Land of Stars
and Stripes
FAIRBANKS, Alaska, Aug. 27.
(Special to The Federationist.)—Due to
the United States' participation in the
free-for-all Blaughterfest, this country
is almost untenable. The high cost of
food and supplies has almost suspended
mining operations here. Yet wages remain stationary. The placer deposits in
the Fairbanks district are about exhausted; and few men are employed at
$5 per eight-hour day, 70 or 80 days'
work at best in the year. The Tolo-
vana camp ia also very quiet; same rate
of wages there. The government rail
road at Nenana is paying oommoi
laborers 55 cents per hour, eight-hour
day, six-day week; skilled labor from
00 cents to 75 cents per h'our. Wages
are out of all proportion to the higher
cost of foodstuffs, costing at feast
|10.50 per week for ordinary board,
And the shortness of the season, about
90 to 100 days per year, makes it tough
sledding. Some of the clerks are employed steadily.
The workers are trying to organize.
In fnct they did so far organize as to
put on a strike for increased pay.   But
the odds against ub are strong.
Charlie Lestor in Jail.
Charles Lestor, a former member of
the socialist party at Vancouver, as-
stated the strikers, and was falsely accused of seditious and inflammatory
language; he was tried before a pliable
judge and a jury of railroad employees
and merchants, prosecuted by the U. S.
district attorney, und not represented
by counsel. Of course Lestor was found
guilty, and sentenced to one year's im-
prisoument, with a fine of $1,000, to
be liquidated by imprisonment at tho
rute of $2 por duy, making the sentence nbout four years. Tour correspondent Ib endeavoring to secure n new
trial. Hnve retained the most able lawyer in the camp. If granted nn nppenl
a bond of $3,000 will be required. But
even this will be delayed, ub court holidays laBt another Bix weeks, Lestor's
wife and two children are at Dawson.
Three German aliens who participated
in the atrike were interned. Truly,
might is righti
Engineers Get Baiee.
Canadian Pacific Bailway engineers
have reached a settlement with the
compnny after months of negotiations.
It waa announced that thoy are to receive an increase ii» pay und better
working conditions.
The increases applies to the firemen
as well, und both arc given the eight-
hour day. The increase for passenger
men is 0 per cent., and for freight 5
per cent. Thirty-two members of the
committee were in sessions ut Winnipeg
since June 23,
"Down Tools" May Be Slogan
*««««*«      *******      *******
Gag at Compulsion Democracy
_ POWER to call a general strike was placed in the hands of the
executive of the B. C. Federation of Labor at the convention at thc
Labor Temple Monday.
fl THB DELEGATES represented about every class of organized
labor in the province.
Q THE VOTE was 56 for the "down-tools" policy; 8 against, and
three delegates signified they were not voting.
■0 THE CONVENTION also decided to have candidates in the field
in the federal elections and it was understood, though not by formal
aetion, that there would be no conflict of candidates with the socialists.
_ THE ACTION was taken in confirmation of thc recent referendum vote on the question to have a general strike in thc event of a
conscription bill being enforced,
_ THE EXECUTIVE called the convention for further instructions,
placing before it two recommendations. These were that the executive have the right to call a general strike in its discretion, and that
labor candidates be plaoed in the political field—both as a protest
against conscription.
_ THE VIEW was expressed that military conscription was a political dodge on the part of the Borden government, and that the real
intention was industrial conscription for the purpose of exterminating labor organizations.—Morning Sun.
Organized Labor Full of Vim and Vigor—WiU Not Be Blinded with Reactionary Dust
of Borden Government—Is Fully Alive to Purpose Behind Conscription Infamy
—Will Enter Political Field in Defence of Democracy—May Lay Down Tools
and Try Political Action as Answer to Autocratic Usurpation of Authority
MEMBERS OF ORGANIZED LABOR from all parts of British Columbia proved in convention
here last Monday that they are fully alive to the insidious efforts which, under the guise of
"patriotism," are being made to undermine their small meaaure of political and industrial freedom. One of the liveliest and most enthusiastic gatherings of the B. C. Federation of Labor which has
ever been held in the short but active history of the organization dealt in business-like fashion with the
menace of conscription, and laid plans for effectively meeting its challenge to those privileges which
have been wrested by long effort and great sacrifice from the greedy maw of capitalism, which has no
use for the lives of men except to bring profits to its counting houses.
Close upon seventy delegates, every one of them full of vim and new-born vigor which is today animating the movement here, came together with an earnest desire to perfect plans for the day when a
dying and effete government shall endeavor to further shackle the workers in their effort to achieve
emancipation, by introducing military conscription.
That there was no deceit being practiced on them by the Borden government, was apparent from the
first moment of the discussion. Practically everyone of them proved that he had already seen through
the military conscription issue as a crafty effort to Make political capital, and at the same time to act
as the fore-runner of an even worse form of slavery.'than that of working for wages. Industrial conscription to follow military conscription in quick order was clearly seen to be the real purpose behind
the Military Service Act, and plans to meet the first appearance of this monstrous product of the war
were laid.
Down Tools Will Be Order
"Down tools" will be the order on the day when the executive of the Federation deems this drastic
step necessary, aB the only effective measure left to proteot the workers. In the meantime, bearing in
mind that a federal election is looming up in the fall, candidates will be placed in all the great industrial centres of the province, pledged to demand the repeal of the Military Service Act, with all the attendant evils which organized labor is convinced would follow in its train. The convention completed
its labors in one day with commendable expedition, but nothing in the situation demanding serious consideration and decision was left untouched. It is now up to the workers of Britiah Columbia to rise to
the gravity of their dilemma, and rally to the support of the executive officers of the Federation, who are
charged with a more weighty duty than has ever before fallen to the lot of any body of labor officials
in this province.
Will Call for Nominations
Nominating conventions will shortly be called in all constituencies where it is believed an organized
labor candidate has a chance to be elected. It is up to labor unionists all over the province to see to it
that those conditions are created. Repeal of the Military Service Act will be their one-plank platform,
but it will also be satisfactorily established that in every other respect they will be trustworthy champions of labor.
Executive Given Power to Call Strike
The "down tools" policy, so overwhelmingly endorsed by the unions following the referendum submitted on June 8 last, will remain in abeyance for the present, the executive of the Federation being
given full power to call a general strike shout it deem that course imperative. This course, together
with a recommendation that candidates be placed in the field at the coming federal elections, was
advised by the executive, and enthusiastically endorsed by a vote of 56 in favor to 8 against, and with
three delegates not voting.
A Hirtory-making and Creditable Convention
The sessions of the convention were open to the press, and to all members of organized labor who
had their cards, or who could be vouched for by delegates. This was in accordance with a recommendation of the executive committee, which received the unanimous support of the delegates immediately
after the gathering convened. All that could be done and said by the spokesmen of organized labor,
was done and said. The issue is now in the hands of the working men of the province. Theirs is the
power and the opportunity. Apathy and indifference must be cast aside.' The call is for unity and determination. The executive of the Federation is entitled to claim both. Organized labor is to be tried
in the fire, lt can, if it will, sur-i
mount, the difficulties of today,
and thereby strike a blow which
will redound to its own everlasting credit, and to the benefit of
the toilers who Will have to carry
labor's banner in the days to
Oity WiU Install Alarm B»x la Eaeh
Hitmen's Home ud Ttay Molt
Bespond to Second Alums.
In spite of the bombastic announce*
ment of the mayor of Taeoma, Wash.,
that if the firemen atniek for the two-
Slatoon syitem, the town could burn
own'before he would grant tbis humanitarian syitem to the men, the city
commissioners finally decided to see thie
matter in the firemen's light. Bo there
will be no strike on Sept. 10, on which
date would havo. taken effect the resignations of 106 firemen. The change will
be made without increasing, for the present, the''total number of men. Instead, half of the force will be on duty
for ten hours in the daytime and the
remainder 14 hours at night. Every
man will be asked to reside near hie
station and an alarm signal box will be
installed in his home. He will be obliged to respond to second alarm calls
whether off duty or not.
Unorganized Shipmen Refused to Stand for Ten-
Hour  Day
ExecutWe Board Report.
To the officers and delegates attending
the special convention, called to
consider the conscription measure,
and the attitude of organized labor
towards that measure, the executive submit the following report:
In December of 1916, when the National Registration proposals were before the country, the excutive felt that
the experience of the Old Land, which
had been subjected to a national registration scheme, should be taken into
consideration, and having considered
the experience of those countries, were
of the opinion that the registration
scheme was but a prelude to conscription.
At the last convention, held in Bevelstoke, in January of this year, the executive reported that, in their opinion,
as it was too lute to deal with the
scheme of registration, that we should
lay down plans for the opposition of
all conscription proposals, and that our
efforts should be to resist any attempt
to impose any Prussian methods on this
This was adopted by the convention
and, finally, the following solution was
"That conscription be not put
into effect before it hns been submitted to a referendum vote of the
people of Canada und thut the executive be instructed to 'Utilize all
possible means of publicity and education to this end.'*
The executivo has followed out those
instructious, ilrst by sending to all organizations in tho province copies of
tho resolutions adopted at the convention; ulso to all centrnl bodies in the
Dominion and to the Trades audi Labor
Congress of Canada.
Secondly, by writing to every member of the House of Commons, giving
reasons as to why we opposed conscription, nnd voicing our determination to
oppose the introduction of conscription
in this country.
The 8. C. Federationist also carried
on a campaign ngainst conscription.
Meetings were held in Vancouver, at
which the Federation was represented,
and an attempt waB made to hold a
meeting in Victoria, but, with the
usual tactics of the ruling class, this
was prevented, aB no hall suitable for
the purpose could be rented, although
a deposit was made on one building, but
so much influence wbb brought to bear
on the party renting the hall, but use
of the hall was reciprocal and the deposit refunded.
The executive, seeing tho trend of
events, nnd desirouB of carrying out tho
wishes of the convention, decided to
send out a referendum vote on the
question of a "down tools" policy in
the event of conscription being made
effoctivo. This was sont out to all organizations iu the province, and has been
carried by a largo majority of tho members voting on the question.
Correspondence waa exchanged with
thc president of the Trados and Labor
Congress of Canada, with the object of
co-operation between thc two bodies,
and while not in agreement with all the
tlcns of President Watters, yet the two
executives arc in agreement as to their
opposition to conscription.
'rom one end of thc country to the
Office of Business Agent Is
Labor's Clearing Department
labor in Vancouver iB the business
agent's office in the Labor Temple. The
position of business agent of the Trades
and Labor council wns only recently
created, owing to a very growing demand that there be aome central placo
to get information and give information, to receive advice and give advice.
In fact, it is u position entailing a
great voluine of work, and tho man selected to fill it, Victor Midgley, has his
hands full. Any one coming to town
and desiring information as to organized labor, can get it at the business
agent's office. Those who wish to organize new unions, can find out all
about how to go about it, where to send
to for charters and get Mr. Midgley's
usttistunce.    The  position   of  business
other Labor organizations have protested against conscription, some asking for
a referendum, some asking for the conscription of wealth before man power,
but all showing opposition. These protests have been of no avail, and the
(Continued on page 2)
The Lineup  For  and
Against "Down Tools"
Following Is tho result of the voto
by unions on the question of referring the general strike proposal to
the  executive:
In rat or.
Mill.   Mino  and   Smelter  Workers,
Trail    1
Local    1848,    V.    li.    Carpenters,
Vlotoria     m  1
Htago Employees, Victoria   1
Pile   Drlvors  and   ttrldgemcn     2
Shipyard Laborers,  Vancouver   3
Machinists', No. 777, Vancouver.... '£
Street Rallwaymen,  Vancouver   *i
Vancouver Trades and Labor Conn*
oil     2
Teamsters and Chauffeurs', Vancouver      3
Barbers,   Vancouver  1
Typographical Union,  Vancouver .. 2
Structural  Iron  Workers,  Vancouvor   1
Brewery Workers,  Vancouver   1
Machinists' Local 182, Vancouver .. 1
Steam  and   Operating  Engineers.... 2
A. S. U. B. Carpenters,    Vancouver     2
Local 617,  U. B. Carpenters, Vancouver  1
City Firemen's union, Vancouver .. 1
Electrical Workers, Vancouver   2
Boilermakers,  Victoria 1
Pattern Makers,  Victoria  1
Moving Picture Operators, Vancouver     1
Shingle Weavers, New Westminster 1
United Mine Workors,  South Wellington  2
United Mlno Workers, Cumberland.. 1
Cigar Makers, Now Westminster .... 1
Trades Council, New Westminster .. 2
Street Kail way men, New Westminster    !
Brewery Workers.   New  Westminster    • •  *
Federated Trades,  Revelstoke    1
U.  B. Carpenters,   Victoria   2
Tradea   Council.   Victoria     2
Munition  Workers.  Victoria    1
Paintors,   Victoria   1
Plumbers,   Victoria    1
Civic  Laborers,  Vancouver    1
Machinists,  Victoria    1
Plumbers,   Vancouver    1
Shipwrights,  Vancouver   2
I.  h.  A. Auxiliary    a
Trados Council, Prince Rupert   1
Not Voting.
Stone Cuttern' union, Vancouver.
U. M. W. nf A. Local, Ladysmlth.
Retail Clerks'  union, Vancouver.
agent for the Trades and Labor council
while new. iB of incalculable importance
for the labor movement and for the individual ub well. Before the position
was created, thore was no "clearing
house" of labor information, so to
speak, Mr. Midgley, who was the secretary, had really been looking after
a business agent's duties in connection
with his other work. But tho importance of the businesB agent's work wns
becoming so increasingly apparent, and
so needful, that the couneil decided to
create the position.
The results are already showing, for
the office is very busy already, and is
growing in scope ami importance. The
business agent is supposed to be n labor
encyclopaedia; to be able to give information on any subject affecting locnl
labor conditions; to nssist all organizations now formed, and to advise and
nssist in new organizations. The business agent's office is labor's pulse in
This  is a Good Way to Assist the
Newly-Organized Union of
The recently • fortoed teamBters'
union is growing steadily, and has an
excellent outlook but they need still
more assistance from members of other
organizations. Probably the most effective way of impressing upon employers the desirability of hiring members
of the teamsters' union is for every
union labor family to insist that tlie
man who delivers goods to their homes
shall belong to the teamsters' organization. It's a good habit to always ask
for union goods, and also that deliveries be by union men, Thc teamsters
will appreciate this, and so will all orgunized labor.
Judge Murphy Will Preside,
Mr. Justice Murphy hns beon selected as chairman of the board selected
to adjudicate the differences between
the B. C. Telephone Co. and the Electrical Workers' union. Thc other members of the committee are E. H. Morrison for the union and A. C, Crosbie
for the company.
Change Offices,
The Cooks', Waiters' & Waitresses'
union has moved from the third floor of
the Labor Temple to office 20!) recently
vacated by thc motion picture operators, who have joined offico forces with
the Theatrical Federation on the third
Company Decides to Make
Union Agreement Cover-
/ ing All Employees
(Special to The Federatlonist.)—There
is another all-union shipbuilding concern on the road in thiB city. On Set*
urday laet the Westminster Shipbuilding & Construction Co.,, a recent merger of three or four firms, posted
notices tbat on and. after Tuesday,
September 4, the employees would have
to work a 10-hour day. At quitting
time the same day, the employees,
though not completely organized, held
an informal meeting and decided they
would not go to work until the usual
time on Tuesday, despite the notices
of the company.
MeBBrs. W. Yates, seeretary of the
Royal City central labor body, and
Business Agents Watchman, Hardy and
Blomfcld of Vancouver were sent for
and at 6:30 on Tuesday morning they
were present when some 60 men showed up nt tho hour aet by the company.
About 25 decided to stick with the
rest of the 200 men involved, but about
25 signified their willingness to accept
any old terms. As there wns nothing
doing the management consented to
meet the representatives of the strikers.
Sec.-Trens. Fullerton and Manager
Hasty were not slow to recognize the
need and value of securing a working
agreement with their employees ami
with the assistance of the labor officials already mentioned it did not take
long to arrive nt an understanding and
consent to unionize the whole' yard,
with nn 8-hour day provided for.
Two meetings will be held in the
Labor Temple next Sunday to complete
the organization of thc men involved,
after which the agreement will be formally entered into.
New Scale This Week.
A 20 per cent, increase in wages is
being put through this week by the
Motion Picture Operators' union. All
of the houses nre doing a very large
business, and the operators expect all
houses will bc glad to meet the increase
asked for.
Meat Cutters and Butchers.
Ment cutters and butchers met lust
Thursday night and nil of thoso present joined the new union. Another
meeting will be held Monday night.
After thc next meeting the organization will apply to the international association for a chnrter. The union includes packing house employees.
Civic Employees' Special Meeting.
A special meeting of the Civic Employees' union is called for tonight to
consider increasing the dues and to
elect a new business ngent.
Central Body  WUl  Wire
Disapproval of Latest
Conscription Scheme
Bill to Enfranchise Soldiers'
Female Relatives Designated Political Measure
"THE OBJECTIONS of Vancouver
1 Trades and Labor council to tha
bill proposing to give the franchise to
only soldiers' wives, sisters or mothers,
and not to other women of Canada,
will be wired to Sir Robert Borden, on
Instructions of the council, which at
last night's meeting adopted a resolution to this effect whieh wae offered
by Miss H. Outterldge! delegate from
the Tailors' union. In addressing tha
couneil Miss Outterldge said it wu
clearly a scheme designed for the return of the Borden government to
power on its* conscription schemes.
Del. McVety, in supporting-the reiolutlon, declared the proposal to be _,
nefarious piece of business. It offered
too, he said, confirmation of the osier*
tions freely made that all women wera
not in favor of conscription, as tha
conscriptioniats were so busy circulating.
Another important suggestion by Del.
Miss Gutteridge, with which the council unanimously agreed, was that
the labor of women was being
exploited more and more by those
profiting out of tbe conditions malting from
tbe country being st wir, snd a reiolntfol
tba delegate offered, tbat tbe secretary write
to ill women'a organisation! taking that
tbey appoint two delegatea to meet tbe exeea-
tive of the council, wm adopted. Wss Qmt>
teridge'i addreu wu along, tbe aame lines
aa her rt marks before tbe B. O. Federation
of Labor eonvention on tbe laau inbject.
It waa decided to writ* onee aere to tb*
city connell regarding tbe discrimination
against tho Trades and Lnbor connell In the
matter of permits for tho holding of meetings ln tbe theatres on Sundays te dlicnis
the conscription subject, in reply to ths
*"■■* ""       """    to the i "
flrat letter; which wu address
> elty
council drawing attention to. tbe fact Ust
while permits would not be Issued to labor
Interests to hold meetings, they had boon
Issued to conscrlptlonisu, City Clerk He-
Queen said sueh permits bad been Issned la
the absence of Mayor McBeath. As the latter wu not to Mnyor McBeath, bat,to tho
elty connell, Mr. McQueen's attention will
be drawn to this fact.
Tbe couneil endorsed the nomination ot
Albert Goodwin, victprtaldant of tho B. O.
Federation of Lnbor for tbo Interior,- by the
Trail Mill nnd Smeltomen'a anion, u dep
uty ministor of lnbor. The i
of the executive committee on the Troll
communication hnd been thnt this council
tnke no action, which wu accordingly nude
n motion thnt wm defented by amendment.
The executive committee reported n tele*
gram from Trail to tho effect thnt the carpenters nt tbe Troll anwlter hnd been looked out for not working on Hnndnyi. Beret-
ness Agent Mldgley slid thnt lt wu sines
learned  that  tbe  mntter  was  settled.
A telegram wns received from Prince Rnpert asking Informntion u to wages pnid
here in shipyards nnd for common lnbor
—whtcb wm sent.
Several locals reported on the new per
capita tax.
A letter trom the Trail Mill nnd Smelter
men was read, urging that tbe deputy minister of labor should be appointed from tho
ranks of labor. Vice-president Albert Goodwin of the B. C. Federation of Labor, wm
recommended for the offlce. The executive
recommended the communication be Sled.
Dei. Benson wanted to know why It wu
recommended to be filed. Business Agent
Midgley referred to the fact thnt labor had
been humiliated In the case of its recommendation for the Workmen's Compensntion
Board. Del, Benson moved an amendment
that the recommendation from Trail be endorsed.   The amendment was carried.
lte permits for Sunday meetings in tbo
theatre.*.,   a   letter   was   received   from   the
city   clerk   urging   that   these  meetings   had
been   authorited   in   the   mayor's   absi
The  executive  replied  that  the  communica
tion wait ndilrt-i-Ki-tl tu the city council, not
to the mayor. Del. McVety explained that
there had been discrimination in favor of
ennscriptionists. The recommendation of
tho exocutive was  concurred In.
Tbe executive recommended that tbe
Steam Shovel locals bc given till next meet*
Int* to pny up their per capita tnx.
lusiness Agent Mldgley reported progress
in the organization of sawmill workers. It
was a large meeting, In session for three
hours, but only thirteen applications were
received. The Timber Workers' organisation, a new union, was making favorable
progress. Members of the Shlnglo Weavers'
union hud given valuable assistance.
The Cook*, Waiters and Waitresses union
wan in good shape and a number of new
member*  had   been  enrolled.
The business agent reported two obstacles
ii tbe way of the Bakers' union, one being
j large international tax, and the other being
Shelly1! bakery which haa an agreement with
Uk employees, a clause of which Is in effect
thnt employees will lose their jobs if they
Join n union. There is n sort of profit-sharing agreement, This also was an obstacle
to the Teamster*' union. Good progress
wns reported In tho organization of the
t cutters and butchers.
i  connection wltb the Teamsters'  union,
 ble   hnd  been  had with Turner's   dairy
where the manager rofused to have anything tn do with a union teamster. A committee hnd visited other union members and
(Continued on page 4)
Joins B. O, Electric.
Late President Harrowny of the Shoo
Workers' 'anion, owing to ill-health, lias
boon compelled to give up his trade for
au outdoor job, and lmn joined thc H.
C, Electric. He was a pioneer in thc
Shoe Workers' union.
Seattle Unionist Here.
President   Phillips,   of   the   Hoitttic
Bricklayer*' d hi Oil  wns a Labor Day visitor to Vancouver.
The "Press Gang" Reinstated
«*««**«      «««*«**      *******
Conscription Is Now Legalized
_ SINCE THE LAST issue of The Voice the conscription bill hns
been signed by thc Duke of Devonshire, governor-gcneral of Canada,
and it is now law.
_ IT HAS BKKN declared by means of the press that heavy penalties are to be invoked against any who attempt to hinder thc actual
operation of the compulsory service law. There is no regulation, it
is said, to gag criticism of the principle of the act. In other words,
it is permissnble for people who believe thnt compulsory military
sorvico is wrong in principle, to say so.
_ THERE IS up doubt as to what the Labor party, the socialists
and other radical elements think of the conscription of men. They
ere opposed to the principle and cnn see no good in it. To the man
who believes in individual liberty of notion so long as that liberty
does not work injury or disadvantage to some other person, it is n repugnant thing and must ever be n repugnant thing that a man should
be compelled by law to go into the army and engage in warfare.
<J WHAT AHOUT the mnn whose dnily toil maintains himself and
his family or the young man who hns no possessions, nothing but his
strength nnd his dreams oi* the future? Is it a just principle which
says to such men that they must join thc army and go thousands
of miles distant to fight in wars on foreign soil?
_ CONSCRIPTION is the Inw of the Innd, until the people declare
that it is a law which they do not want. The election which is coming is to decide the fate of this law nnd determine whether it shall
remain.   It is for the people lo decide.—Tlie Voice, Winnipeg. PAGE TWO
A Delicious Healthful Drink
There is no other beverage that will refresh and revive like a glass of delicious CASCADE BEER.
Cascade is brewed by union workmen, in the most
modern plant on the Pacific coast.
CASCADE is for sale on draught or bottled at all
hotels and liquor stores. Brewed and bottled at the
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BEID, Proprietor
Manufacturers of
Offlce ud Works: Tontlr Stroot        NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
M. E. McCOY, Manager
(Continued from page 1)
October 1st Is Coming!
After that date it will be impossible to
buy liquor in B. C, and you will have to
pay double the present price for shipments from outside.
It is wisdom to lay in a reasonable supply of pure
spirits, wines and liquors now.
It is also wisdom to secure your supply from an
old and reliable firm whose stock can be relied
upon as to brand and quality.
The Gold Seal Limited will deliver to you, at low prices
sad on favorable terms, supplies from tbe warehouses and
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SEND TODAY for the firm's Special September Price
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We invite special enquiry concerning your favorite
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only question at this titne ia tho conscription, of man power.
Your executive cnn see at this time
a change in tho situation. It is now a
politicul question, and conscription has
become a political football; and to hide
the record* of the present incompetent
government thia measuro ia brought forward. And if they can get any politicnl advantage out of the question then
they are intending to do so.
It may be that certain provisions of
tho act may be made effective in ordoiv]
that criticism of the government may
bo curtailed, but one thing wo may bo
sure of, the interests behind the present government are not going to allow
nny close criticism of the affairs of the
country during tho period of the war.
Seeing that the political situation
is the most prominent, your executive would recommend leaving the
general strike proposition in the
hands of the executive, and that
our attention be directed to the
political field.
That working class candidates be
placed in the industrial constituencies throughout the province, and
as the question is a national ques*
tion, that other labor bodies
throughout the country be requested to adopt the same methods.
The politicians have made thc claims
that the'opposition to conscription has
been confined to Quebec. This is refuted by the attitude taken by the
Trades and Labor Congress of Cnnada,
which has consistently opposed conscription, and other central bodies have protested all over the country, in every
province, and British Columbia has not
been behind in the protests against militarism being introduced in this
We hnve no faith in eithor of the
old political parties, as experience has
taught us that thoy both represent the
ruling doss, und while we havo protested, arffl we may rail at the treatment wo
are getting, we are getting what is coming to us, owing to our fuilurc to tak-e
oction on election day. You will shortly
have an opportunity to show that the
day is past when yoa intend to elect the
represenatives of the ruling claBB to
write the laws, and no more effective
protest can be mado when that time
comes than to elect workers to the legia-
laive halls to write laws in the interests of the workers; to protest against
the proposed conscription measure, and,"
should it become effective prior to tho
election, then you can at least, on the.
floor of the house, demand the repeal of i
the law, which establishes u military j
despotism in a eountry which neither
needs nor desires to become a nation
made mad by military culture, or become the subjects of a miltiary and industrial despotism, for military conscription carries with it industrial conscription us sure as duy follows night.
We recommend that the executive
combiitteo be authorized to cull nominating conventions in such constituencies
aa they may deem desirable, on the
same basis* of representation as is in
effect at the annual convention of the
B C. Federation of Labor, and that they
bo authorized to establish a fund for
the purpose of enrrying on the campaign, same to be distributed at the
discretion of thc executive.
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Sanderson's 0. P. S. Mountain
Cognac Brandy and Imported Rum
Brand Per Gallon
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Blzatt's XXX Old Cognac
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Jas. Hennessey's XXX Old
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Horace Clark's Overproof
Old Jamaica Rum	
Gold Soul, oldest and strongest   £Q QA
Jamaica or Doraorara Rum Vw.w
Gold Seal Ltd.
Established 20 Yeara
722 Pender St. West, Vancouver, B.C.
No charge for war
stamps, jugs or
cases. Telegraphic
ordors may be
sent "Collect."
Orders shipped,
freight or express
prepaid, to any
point in B. C.
same day order is
Morning Session.
John Kavanagh, president of the
Vancouver Trades nnd Labor Council,
extended welcome to thc delegates on
behalf of the locnl labor movement, and
dealt briefly with the serious nature
of the situation which had rendered the
meeting advisable. Ho voiced the opinion thnt if the military service act came
into effect they might not be able to
hold another convention. In tonos which
left no doubt as to the spirit at the
back of them he described the conscript
as being tho most degraded of slaves.
"But you can," he said, referring to
tho general strike situation, "you can
do nothing, and you cnn do it effectively if you wish. Do that nothing, and
do it well."
President Joseph Naylor then assumed charge of the convontion. In the
rugged, earnest manner which all who
know "Joe" are familinr with, he reminded his hearers of the consistent
opposition which organized labor had
always directed towards conscription
both in season nnd out. The referendum of "down tools'' had carried by
a big majority, but the executive had
taken the view that a convention was
desirable to discuss future action. He
urged upon the delegates to exercise
tolerance, and to give everyone a free
opportunity to express his views, no
matter how much they might disagree
with them. AU sides of tho question
should be heard, nnd then the majority
could decide. He ended his brief introductory address by pointing out the
cost of such gatherings to thc local
unions, and advised that the deliberations-should be completed at the earliest possible moment consistent with a
thorough discussion of the matters beforo the convontion.
Following the tending of the report
of the executive hoard by Secretary
Wells, the delegates at once plunged
into the discussion of the recommendations contained in it. Some preliminary debnto ensued as to whether the
strike clause and that referring to political candidates should be considered
separately or together. Delegates McVety nnd Midgley both favored the latter course, nnd Delegate McVety moved
to that effect while Delegute A. Mac-
donnld and Delegnte Cottrell" believed
Official List of the
Delegates at Labor
Convention Monday
Brewery Workers, Vancouvor—J.
A. S. U. B. Carpenters, Vancouver
—B.   Edmonds,   VV.  Taylor.
I. L. A. Auxiliary, Vancouver—J.
Hiscock,  E. Winch,  \V\ J.  Gillespie.
Shipwrights and Caulkers, Vancouver,—J.  Hicks,     C.   JIcKenzie,      A.
Plumbers and Steniniittera, Van-
couveiv-James Cowling.
Civic Laborers, Vancouvor—Geo.
Retail Clorks, Vancouver—C. D.
Machinists, No, 182, Vancouver—
A. H, Towler.
MachiniBtB, No. 777, Vancouver—
P. Edney, p. Hengougii.
Local 617, U. ll. Carpenters, Van-
couveiv-J. Tough, H. Chalmers, A.
.   Cigar Makers, Vancouver—H. Kur-
City Firemen's union, Vancouver—
G. J.  Richardson.
Local 213, Electrical Workors, Vancouver—E. H.  Morrison, M. McKay.
Moving Picture Operators, Vancouver—A. 0. Hanson.
Steam and opi-raiing Enginoers,
Vancouvor—W.  Walker, P, L. Hunt.
Structural Iron Workers, Vancouver—R, Maiaacar.
Typographical union, Vancouver—
J. H. Melaom, H. L. Corey.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs, Vancouver—H. J. Potrio, Poolo, Mills.
Trades and Lnlior Council, Vancouver—J. H. McVety, Victor R.
Pile Drivers nnd Brldgemen, Vancouver—W. P. Ironsides, D. K, Kennedy.
Shipyard Laborers, Vancouver—P.
Talk, Winger, W. Hardy.
Street Railway Kniployoes, Vancouver—Jos. Hubble, W. H. Cottrell, E.
Kermode, W. E. Fennell.
Barbers, Vancouver—S.  H. Grant.
, Stone    Cutters,    Vanconver—C. C.
Pattern Makers, Victoria—W. H.
Stage Employees, Victoria—H.
U. B. Carpenters, Victoria—C.
A.   8.   U.   H.  Carpentors,   Victoria—
J. Stevenson, E. W. Ellis.
Machinists,   Victoria—R.   MuBSen.
Plumbers, Victoria—Geo. Lister.
Painters, No. 5, Victoria—J.
Munition Workers', Victoria—
Emily Sutton.
Trades and Labor Council, Victoria—B. Simmons. A. 8. Wells.
Boilermakers, Victoria—H. Car-
New Westminster.
Shingle Weavers, New Westminster
—T. S. Sharpo.
Cigar Makers, Now Westminster—
H. Knudson.
Trados and Labor Counoll, New
Wostmlnster—James Feeney, W.
Street Railway Employees, New
Westminster—P. Ray, W. T. Morris.
Island and Interior.
U. M. W. ot A.. 8outh Wellington
—W. Head, D. Richards.
Rovelstoke Federated Trades—Phil
Prince Ruport Trades and Labor
Council—8.  D.   Macdonald.
U. M. W. of A., Ladysmith—E.
U. B, Carpenters, Trail—J. Mc-
U. M. W. of A., Cumberland—J.
Mill Mine and S. W. I. U., Trail—
A. Goodwin,
..September 7, 1C1
of the carmen, no replies wore received
from the rnilroad organizations, he
said, but this had been the conimon experience of the federation in dealing
with these unions.
Delegate Hicks, of thc shipwrights,
led the debate, launching a strenuous
protest against the idea of a general
strike. He wished to protest againBt
the "down tool" policy, and predicted
that the convention might make history. Action of'unions, ho said, should
have its limits where the question of
patriotism was involved. He hoped the
delegates would vote tho Btrike proposal
down, and declared that if it were proceeded with it would disrupt the organizations.
Delegate Winch Baid that in view of
the figures read out by the secretary
it waa useless to discuss the possibility
of calling a strike any longer. It was
hopelesB to expect successful results.
Many unions had not voted, and he believed they should bo regarded as opposed to a strike. If they could bc persuaded to como out he questioned if
they could bo kept out. Organized
labor had sent many men to the war,
and could not be charged with not having done its part. Personally he did
not intend to go, and while the vote of
his union, the longshoremen 'a auxiliary,
was in favor of the striko, there were
some members who did not vote, and he
believed they were opposed to it. He
was, he Baid, instructed to oppose the
calling of a goneral strike.
Delegate Head, speaking for the
miners of South Wellington, declared he
was sent to the convention to uphold
any proposal having for its object the
defeat of conscription. HiB union had
voted 143 to 10 in favor of striking,
but ho believed that Bince then circumstances in respect to politics had given
the workers a bettor immediate weapon
thnn the strike. Bearing In mind thc
vote on the referendum, nnd the fact
that a federal election was coining on,
he favored thc proposal to put candidates iu the field as an alternative plnn
for thc timo being. Later tho occasion
might arise when the strike also could
bc used to good effect.
Delegnte Edmonds voiced the view
that the big majority of working men
seemed to be indifferent about opposing conscription. Remembering this,
nnd the fact thnt those who advocated
resistance to thc measure might run the
risk of five years in jail, ho advised the
delegates to carefully consider the situation. The powers behind the conservative party had sized up tho issuo, and
hud learned from England and other
countries how to handle it.   The work-
it would be better to take them sep-1 ers would need to be very woll organ-
arntely. I ized to call u gcncrnl strike, which, at
Delegato Yatos agrocd that two dif- J present, would be oat of place, and
ferent questions were involved, but would only result in the victimizing of
favored discussing them together in a | leaders and the disruption of unionB.
general way, und then taking a vote on
eitch. This was opposed by a delegnte
who reminded hia hearers that workmen in the industrinl field were orgnnized as a unit, bat thnt whn it came to
politics there were parties, and for thot
reason favored taking up the two matters apart from one another. Finally,
on the motion of Delegate Yates, it wns
decided to diacuss them together.
Immediately at the outset of tho dls-
sion, a delegate, who failed to nnnonnco
his name, asked what wns the use of
holding the eonvention If tho strike
question was left in the hands of the
executive. lit reply Secretary Wells
said tho convention was called'because
the situation hnd changed somewhat
since tho referendum was submitted,
and tho executive wns desirous of consulting with the membership to see how
the workors stood on iiic quoBtion.
Delegate Corey nskod how ninny
unions voted in favor of the Btrike, how
many ngainst, nnd tlie number which
did not vote at nil. Secretary Wells in
reply snid thnt more than 200 circulars
I woro Bent out, and 40 orgnnized lnbor
bodies replied, giving a totnl vote of
2,417, of whieh 1,841 were in favor of n
atriko nnd 576 ngainst. Ho bclloved
that practically 3,000 union men voted
on tbo proposition   With the exception
He favored political action, and declared that organization to call a general
striko did not exist.
Delegato Hubble believod it would
havo been better to have discussed the
"down tools" question separately. Referring it to the executive was, tn his
opinion, only ditching it. If the dele-
gntes wero convinced tho striko was
impossible, why did they not face the
issue squarely? In face of the attitude
of the workers the strike was improc-
ticnble, nnd he bolieved the politicnl
proposal was absurd. If thero was not
enough orgnnizntion on the Industrial
field to call u genoral striko he did not
seo how they could hopo to elect men
to Ottawa.
Delegato Midgloy regretted that Delegnte Hubble regarded the politicnl
proposnl na absurd. The exeoutlve hud
carefully considered the whole quostion, and had nmdo the bost recommendations they felt able to in tho circumstances. He referred to tho deliberations of the Revelstoke convention, and
pointed out time at that timo a federnl election did not seem probable
He did not believo the military sorvice
act would be put into operation beforo
tho election, nnd said it would bo ox-
tremely foolish to try the atriko idea
beforo using thoir ballots in an offort
to elect their own men. Not that he
regarded the possibility of a general
strike as being remote or out of the
question, but for the present, with an
opportunity to eaat their votes for their
own candidates, he favored that course.
Because the majority of the unions had
not voted on the Btrike question was not
sufficient proof for him that if the
occasion arose they should not strike.
Opposition to conscription, he believod,
was deeply rooted all over the country,
and was not confined to Quebec. Speaking of the attitude of tho liberals^ he
said they had not come out flatfootod
but were staying on the fenco.
Delegate Cottrell pointed out that
the referendum vote had been taken
three months before, and that since
then political conditions had changed.
He did not fool thnt the strike idea
was practicable, and favored leaving it
with the executive. He movod that tho
vote be put on the strike recommendation, but tho discussion continued.
Delegato Yates referred to the fact
thnt the trade union movoment had advised against signing tho registration
cardB, which ho had always regarded as
a prelude to military conscription, and
which in turn, ho was convinced meant
conscription later. Ho did not believe
tho act was passed to get men to the
front so much as to conscript them for
industrial purposes. Big bugs, speaking at conscription meetings, had complained at men in industry gotting high
wages, whilo soldiers could be got for.
tho trenches at $1.10 a day. Ho doubted if a strike could be called, or could
do any good at present, and favored
leaving the quostion with thc executive,
who could call the strike if industrial
conscription seemed likely. He predicted that unless the movement woke up
and elected men to parliament, it might
find it would have to have a general
Btrike whether it wanted it or not.
Delegate Hubblo asked if referring
tho matter to the executive would give
that body a mandate to call a strike,
and in reply Secrotary Wells said it
Delegate McVety said ho liked the
idea of the general strike' becauso of
the consternation the proposal caused
among employers. Por that roason it
muBt be a fairly effective weapon, and
more so than any other ever used in
British Columbia. But thoy had two
weapons, ono industrial and tho other
political. The political weapon would
not impose so much hntdship or privation on tho workors, bat it would be a
good idea to keep thc genernl strike
weapon handy. The alarm in the other
camp proved that. But a general elec
tion was coming on, in which tho work
ers would have nn opportunity of vot
ing for men of their own clnss if thoy
so wished. Military conscription, he
wns convinced, wns meant to bo the prelude to industrial conscription. He had
followed the speeches in parliament of
members like Guthrie, Turriff and
Clark, in which they complained at the
high cost of farm help, as a means of
appealing for tho political support of
their fnrmer constituents. To conBcript
100,000 men for the front would not
mako much difference to the progress
of the war, but thero wero somo industries in the country which were far
more important from the standpoint of
winning tho war than sending 100,000
men to Franco. It was for theBe industries that he believed conacription of
men was desired by capitalists. The
military issue, he believed, had boon
brought »up for tho purposo of lending
political Bupport to the Borden- party.
Tho general striko had never proved
a success on the American continent,
and ho advised adopting the proposal
to put candidates in the field at thc
federal elections. Many mon outside
the organized labor movement would,
he said, be glad to voto for anti-conscription candidates.
Secretary Wells, while belioving that
the "down tools" policy would spread,
thought that at present politics offered
a wider field. Organized labor nil over
the country was opposed to conscription, and the government had not dared
to take a refercadum on the question.
He would oppose any proposition such
ns would make men worse slaves than
evor He believed industrial conscription was looming ahead. Ho had seen
it working in Englnnd sinco the wnr
broke out, and knew from personal observation what it wns like. But he believed tho workers' greatest strength
nt present lay in their politicnl power,
and for that reason advised leaving the
strike question in the hands of the executive, with power to cnll a walk-out
if circumstances arose which made that
Delegate Taylor advised referring
the matter back to the unions for another voto before giving the executivo
tho power suggested. If the strike were
called without that how many would
come outf Two hundred and fifty organizations had been asked their views
but only 40 hnd felt concorncd enough
to reply.
Delegate Hicks thought that at
least 200 unions should reply in favor
before a strike was called; while Delegate Macdonald, from Princo Rupert,
Bald that organizod labor there fully
supported the executivo in their recommendations. Secretary Wells pointed
nut that it was not so much a mntter
of thc number of organizations which
replied as whether they were engaged
in essential industries.
Delegate Goodwin declared conscription meant life or death to tho workers. If they wanted to be extinguished they would know whnt to do, but
they should not conclude thnt becnuso
tho conacription luw had been placed
ou the statute bonkB that it would become effective. The governing class
had always coerced thc workers, and he
could understand the attitude of men
who were waxing fat as the result of
tho war, Ho stated categorically that
he was a socialist, nnd stiid that if
thc Borden government could fool the
workors tbey deserved at least sohie
aprpeciation. If the war onded tomorrow ho did not believe it would make
nny difference to the real Interests of
the workera. Ho believed there waa
a great force of opinion against conscription, and that the idea of striking
and otherwise opposing it was not confined to Quebec by a long Bhot. He
had, he said, been requested to become
a socialist candidate in several constituencies, and if he took tho platform
in that capacity ho would do all in his
power to provo to the workers that
the war was none of their business.
Delogate Simonds said tho Victoria
Trades and Labor Council had instructed him to opposo conscription. Ovor
thero thoy had sent out enquiries to all
the unions, and tho mnjority had opposed conscription, Musicians, who
wore mostly soldiers, had not done so.
He maintained that tho executivo
should find out how the mon in csscn-
tinl industries looked upon the general
strike proposal, and whether orgnnized
lnbor could count on their support, or if
thc othor follow hnd got them. Thoy
should bo shown that industrial conscription waa likely, when thero would
be no moro (6 a dny wages. It was
not right for mon in essential industries to take tho view that thc strike
question was none of their businoss.
(Continued on page 7)
When The Safe Deposit
Box Was Opened
A man reputed to be wealthy died recently in
Vancouver. When his heirs were settling his estate, the Safe Deposit Box, in which all his valuable papors were stored, was opened, and a
careful inventory of tho assets as represented
by the securities showed that the only document of real value was a
Tho deaeascd, a cl#er business man, had invested largely in ofner securities that after his
death proved to be worth much less than their
face value—some of them were of no value.
The Confederation Policy Was Oood for More
Than 100%.
Profits had materially increased ita valuo, and
the hoi™ received these profits in cash,  with
the face value of the policy.
Provincial Office: Bank of Ottawa
Building, Vancouver, B. C.
Branch Offlcoi: Sayward Building, Victoria
Westminster Trust Block. Nov Wostmlnster
If lt Is not call np tha
or drop a card to our offlee, 005 Twenty-fourth Avenue Eaat.
Visit the Beauty Spots
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By The
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Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULPIELDS      "       "  35c
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Pacific Great Eastern Railway
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Telephone Seymour 2482
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Oat., using only the Highest Grades of Tobacco grown. Positively handmade   For Sale Everywhere,
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omoiiL rtraa aatrsam
or LAM I
NINTH YEAR.   No. 36
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out, 11.00 I
$1.50 PER YEAR
This Is the List of Winners in
Exhibition Contest
The manager, Mr. Ryrie, is away just now and whenever he
gets baok we are going to try to get him to put the Union Labor
stunt on exhibition in the Labor Templo.    '   ,
Three    thousand    good
workmen wear the Carhartt
' Overall regularly.   That is
a good lead to follow.
This world's famous
overall made in Eastern
Canada and the States is
made right here in Vancouver in the big union
factory. Entire Eighth
floor, World Building.
Notice to
Union Men:
It has come to our attention that a number of
gentB' furnishing stores in
the city are trying to put
one over on-the Union Men
who are living up to the
high standard of Unionism
by asking for Union Made
overalls made in B. C.
We will appreciate it
very much if the Union
Men who find any dealer
trying to do this on them
will send all possible particulars to this paper.
Union Men have a right
to insist on getting a
Union Mado Garment made
in B. C. and we will see to
it that everything is done
to put a stop to substituting among the stores.
Louise Bennett, 1906 Sixth Ave. W.,
E. S. McKenzie, 2210 Cambie St.,
Bobt. Girvcn,    1782 First Ave. E.,
Miss Morgan, 100 Fourteenth St. E.,
North Vancouver.
Mrs. W. J. Lang, Frnser Mills, B. C.
Geo. M. Smith,    King's  Road W.,
North LonBdale P.O., N. Van.
W. Greenwood,     Alta Vista P. 0.
Mrs. R. McCaltory, 1510 Salisbury
Drive, City.
ThoB. Splon, 1080 Thurlow St., City.
Mrs. Lyons, Marine Drive and Ash
St., Marpole, B. C.
Willie Hutchison. 3444 Albert St.,
Bill Prodauuck, 250 Rnpert St. E.,
Mrs. J. M. Bush, 777 Burrard St.,
Mr. Collins, 002 Howe St., City.
Mrs. B. Share,     40 Forty-seventh
Ave., South Vuncouver.
Wm. Smith, 2243 Charles St., City
Mrs. Wm. Smith, 2243 Charles St.,
Harold Wrightman,   447   Columbia
St., New Westlnlnator.
Lance Robson, 318 Cedar St., New
Miss M. Bendek,    771 Homer St.,
Margaret T. McRae, 2279 Oxford
St., City.
J. K. Hotchkiss, Van. General Delivery, City.
J. A. Fulton, 257 Sixth St. E., North
Myrtle Baillle, 2404 Cambridge St.,
Miss O. Mclsanc, 381 Carlcton St.,
South Vancourer.
Mr. A. Lawson, 1308 Eleventh Ave.
E., City.
Consuelo Frith, 1122 Burnaby St.,
Dorothea Gillespie,   1900 Fifteenth
Ave. W., City.
A. Hall, 125 Eighth Ave. W., City.
Mrs. Swanson, elo Capitol Hill R.,
North Burnaby.
W. H. Mole, 042 Drake St., City.
Dorothy E. Mitchell, 1715 Eleventh
Avo. W, City.
Mrs. Mole, 042 Drako St., City.
Isabelle Whitworth, 1008 Sixty-first
Ave. E., South Vancouver.
Franklin Smith, 5070 Carlcton St.,
South Vancouver.
Andrew L, Leo,    833  London St.,
New Westminster.
T. Abercrombie,     533 Robson St.,
Mrs. Little, 54 Powell St., City.
John Sorgcnson,    887 Hornby St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Benjamin F. Wright, "Kooringn,"
15th St. E., North Vancouver.
Gordon Calc,   Central Park P. 0.,
B. C.
Mae Sutes, 2710 Fourth Ave. E.,
Established 1891
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
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macdonald Marpole to.
Many Australian Activities
and Current Labor
Items of General Interest
to Those Who Slave
and Sweat
The Australasian Society of Engineers has decided to take a ballot of its
mrinbers on' the shipbuilding proposals
of the federal government. A definite
lead has been taken/ by the federal
council of the society, situated in Adelaide,, and the federal secretary (Mr.
Doley) iB at present in Sydney placing
the matter before the branches from
the point of view of the .council. He
Baid that the council recommended
members to accept the proposals. The
safeguards to which the government
had agreed were believed by the council to protect the trades fully from any
possibility of oppression, even in the
introduction of piecework, which had
always been objected to by the society.
Building Trades.
The new award of the No. 1 Building Trades Oroup came into operation
and will remain in force until December, 1919. Mr, Martin, secretary to the
Progressive Society of Carpentera and
Joiners, said yesterday that an increase
of 8b had been granted, making the
wage of carpenters and ]oinerB £4 per
week. He added that it was the first
time in the history of industrial boards
that bo high an incraso had been given
to the building tradeB.
Bailway Employees and Sick Leave.
Considerable dissatisfaction exists
ataongst a large number of employees
in the railway service owing to the annual 14 days' sick leave being discontinued. Shed foremen, ticket examiners, and Btarters havo for many yearB
past been allowed 14 days' sick leave
annually on full pay. The mon complain that the department put the sick
leave question before the wages board
aB one of the privileges of thc men.
To a certain extent the wages were
based on this privilege.
Shop Assistants.
At the half-yearly meeting of the
Shop Assistants' Ufiion a resolution
was carried in favor of the Labor
Council's proposal of a 44-hour weok.
It is proposed that the business shops
should be closed on Friday nights.
Wheat Board.
At the last meeting of tho P. L. L.
executive the candidature of Mr. P. P.
Breen, a farmer at Balldale, near Cor-
owe, who is a candidate for a position
on tho wheat board, waB endorsed.
Unlawful Associations.
At the laBt meeting of tho executive of the P. L. L. u resolution wob
carried protesting against the introduction of the Unlawful Associations Bill.
It was decided to communicate with
tho secretary of the Commonwealth
Labor party, urging the members of
that party to leave no stone .unturned
to sei'tTre the rejection or radical
amendment of the bill.
Forty-four Hour Week.
A mass meeting of all unions affiliated with the Building Trades Federation
nf Employees was convened for August
8, and held in the basement of the town
hall. Tho question of establishing a
44-hour week for the building trades
wns considered.
Letter Carriers' Protest.
The New South Wales branch of the
Australian Letter Carriers' association
has entered a protest against the treatment meted out to itB members who are
employed os temporary aBBistantB in the
country and suburban post offices. It iB
claimed that in the letter carriers'
award of 1915, provision was made for
a minimum marriage wuge of £150 per
annum, and temporary or exempted employees working under the designations
included in the award were paid the
prescribed minimum rate of 9/7 a duy.
In the award of November, 1916, covering postal nsBiBtants, it is stated that
there was a similar clauso for mnrried
men to bo paid the rate of £150 ns a
minimum, and notwithstanding such
provision, the temporary employees,
married, and over 21 years of age, were
still being paid at tho rnte of 8/(1 per
Broken Hill Fettlers.
At the executive meeting of the
Tramway union, a communication was
received from the railway commissioners relative to the rate of pay of tbe
gangers and fettlers at Broken Hill,
and stating that the question had received consideration. It was also pointed out that the chief commissioner some
time ago promised that he would pay to
the employeea in question 1/ per day
above the rates fixed by the arbitration
award, and that ho would apply the
wage referred to retrospectively as from
Juno 18,1910, The court recently fixed
9/9 for fettlers,-and 11/2 for gangers
employed on lengths on the tramways
in Sydney and Newcastle. In accordance with the promise made, the men
at Broken Hill were therefore entitled
to 10/9 and 12/2 per day. Tho fettlers, however, wero now receiving 10/9
and the gangers 12/3,, and theae rates
would not bc disturbed, but directions
had been given for thc back pny from
June 18, 1910, to the date they received
10/il and 12/.'l to bo allowed.
Negotiations aro^eing made to amalgamate the Hockchoppers and Sewer-
miners' union with tho A. W. U.
The railwny ticket collectors complain that the railway department has
not yet been paying them for time
worked in excess of eight hours on
Sundny, which is provided for in the
traffic award. Instead of being paid
overtime rates the employees have been
booked off on week days in lieu of the
overtime worked. A test caae io to be
placed before tho chief industrial magistrate.
Transfer   Possible   to  Any   Member
Affiliated With American Federation of Labor.
I "Unity'of Labor, the Hope of the
iWorldl''' No more worthy axiom was
ever penned. And while the membership of Local 617, United Brotherhood
of Carpenters, may not be fully appreciative of the significance of the worldwide slogan of Labor, it inay be noted
anyway that at their last meeting a
resolution was passed unanimously:
"That this local take, in lieu of the
initiation fee any applicant for member-
ship who presents a fully paid up membership card in any organization affiliated with the American Federation of
Labor, and having been a member of
that organization for a period of 12
months.7' Seeretary George H. Hardy
states that it has been the custom of
the carpenters for some time to waive
the initiation fee of each individual
member so placed, but the passing of a
unanimous resolution as noted above is
a distinct advance in the cause of unity
among the workers.
But Even This Taken* Away
and Reeve Russell Fuming
on General Principles
One Contract Was Let for
Munitions Board Ship But
Could Not Raise Money
■To, South   Vancouver   for   a   few
months belonged the distinction of
having tho smallest shipbuilding yard
in the world. It was in a vest pocket.
Some time ago, Harrison & Lamond
became ambitious to get in the shipbuilding gamo but they didn 't * have
the necessary money. But they are
the sort of men who do things. That
ia, who sometimes do things. And in
the doing of them they emit huge
clouds of hot air. So they set out to
become captains of the shipbuilding industry.
While neither one had the proverbial
pot, lo and behold, no sooner had the
bug'of ambition set himself to work in
their miadB, than they communicnted
this whateveT-it-was to their immediate'
circle of politicians and, like making
a big snowball out of a little one in
winter by rolling it down hill, the
Harrison & Lamond ambition grew and
grew till, would you believe it, it took
on sizo and weight and Charlie Hodgson said it looked fine, and then Harry
Stevens gave it the once-over and said
it was a fino-looking snowball. And,
presto! What do we find? Well, the
natural thing—Harrison & Lamond
with a shipbuilding contract. It was
the sole and only ship to be built in
South Vnncouver for the munitions
board. Wasn't that splendid—just assimilating an idea, cultivating it n bit,
then communicnting it, and ncquiring
one large shipbuilding contrnct by that
means and standing to mnke many
thousands of dollars on the "cost percentage" basis?
As hnB frequently been the case, nnd
as will be the case again and some
more, the best laid plans, etc. Harrison & Lamond found themselves possessed of a contract to build a ship
for the munitions board. This wns
several months ngo. Some other firms
which got contracts at the same time
will soon draw down their 'nth per
cent. The most natural question to
ask would be when Harrison & Lamond would offer South Vnncouver the
splendid spectacle of a great ship, ribbed with Douglas fir and stepped with
giant spruce (or whatever they make
them out of) masts, riding down with
flnga flying and u good headache
splashed over her bow,
Wc are very sorry to have to relate that such is not to bo immediately. Nor in the future, near or far distant.
Tho renson 1 Oh, well, you Ree, Hnr-
riaon & Lnmond wore straight pro-
motcrs in this instance. They aeemed
to have thc inside so fnr ns getting the
contract went. But they couldn't peddle it. They bargained enrly nnd late
to raise money enough to start up n
shipyard. They bargained bo much thnt
it becntao so apparent they couldn't
rniao the money that the authorities
just naturally had to cancel the contract, or, better still, have Harrison &
Lamond throw it up, for the public was
beginning to murmur.
Ab a matter of fact, Reeve Bussell
of South Vancouver, while perhaps ipt
having in view the veBt-pocket shipyard, was actually roaring like n lion
that every constituency that hnd a pond
in it was building a ship for the munitions board, or had the promise of
a ship to build. All except South Vnncouver. The reeve isn't through yet,
either, and he may bo heard intermittently telling about what ho thinks of
our young Mr. Stvens, federal member,
and may even throw his chnpeau into
the political ring himself.
Then watch Russell's smoke.
But thero is another side to this. A
serious side. Since the munitions
board announced a few months ago
that it wns going to build ships on this
coast, there hnve been a nuWber of
firms desirous of entering the business,
nnd who had sufficient money to carry
construction forward, who could not
get contracts. Whyf Harrison & Lamond get a contract, and couldn't build
a ship,
Capt. J, W. Troup, soon after the
announcement on behalf of the munitions board, told the writer that there
were a number of "mushroom" syndicates nfter contracts, but it was intended to give contrncta to "only legitimate shipbuilding concerns." Cnpt.
Troup, if he knows, might enlighten
tho people of South Vnncouvu on the
details of the vest-pocket shipyard
, which waa stillborn.
Some Lessons to Be Drawn
From Pages of British History
Present Government Should
Be Ousted from Power
Very Promptly
[By George F. Stirling]
"Ol   Ubjrtjr, wh«t Crimea tre committed In thy name."
—Madame   Roland.
We do not know whether there were
any editors who supported the follies
of Louis XVI, but if the present editors
of the capitalist press had been alive
in those stirring times and had prostituted their talents then as they are
doing now, most of them would have
had the distinction of "sneezing
through the little window."
The following jewelB w«re culled
from an editorial on the conscription
act the other day: "Now it has become law it is to be hoped air comment
of a controversial nature will be dropped."
Also thiB: "We all fully appreciate
the benefits which we now' enjoy under
our present democratic conditions, and
are ready and willing to take our full
share of responsibility in the maintenance of such conditions"
With the latter of these quotations
we heartily'concur; fronj the former we
most emphatically dissent. We are op-
poBed to the sentiment expressed in the
first statement precisely because we
are in agreement with the second. It
is because we intend to take our full
share of responsibility In the maintenance of the liberties which we enjoy
that we intend to use all our power
agninst the perfidy of the present government in its attempt to curtail those
liberties. To inculcate a servile submission to the present effete administration is almost a return to the doctrine of passive obedience held and promulgated by tho Church of England
during the Stuart dynasty which came
perilously near depriving the people of
Englnnd of the most precious liberties
which they hod gained during centuricB
of determined resistance.
The pages of English hiatory which
stand out pre-eminent above all others;
tho pages which have not only been
read with a glow of pride by every
Britisher who has any renl regard for
the welfare of the people but which
stimulated the French in thc eighteenth
century to the overthrow of feudnl
tyranny, which were a factor also in
enthusing the patriots in the unification
of Italy in gaining the liberty of Greece
and establishing thc independence of
the United States are just thoae pages
which record the unflagging opposition
of tho people of Englnnd to the nets
of pernicious governments and of perfidious kings.
Of nil the liberties which we have
gained by strenuous fighting and incessant vigilance the greatest is, perhaps thiB very liborty which it is now
proposed to strip from us, nnd the
editor qouted would like us to sit like
a row of schoolboys with our arms
folded ond our moutlis shut, as though
these edicts of the Borden government
were from the throne of the Almighty.
Whilst this war, facetiously referred
to as a war for the preservation of
democracy, has been in progress, we
have seen the habeas corpus uct suspended in England; wc have seen the
establishment of the office of the censor for the suppression of all truth adverse to the government, an office
which was abolished by the parliament
of William of Orange by an act which
is regarded as one of the most important and beneficial results of the revolution of 1688; and we have bccii the
people of England, who never before
hnd been forced to fight in their own
defence, conscripted to fight in whnt
Mr. Bnlfour calls the selfish aims of
continental powcra.
The mental diseases of thc parent
hnve been inherited by the child, and
the people of this country, most of
whom left Europe because of the growing signs of its degeneracy, are to be
forced by an unrepresentative government to follow in itB depravity. No
one apparently stops to consider where
we as tt nation are going. No ono ever
asks what is the ultimate price whicli
we shall be asked to pay. We must
just work un in blindness, laying brick
upon brick nnd row upon row, -until the
fabric shall topple about us in dust und
The bloody orgy tornst go on. When
ull tho willing sacrifices have been
made in tho blind worship of tho war
god, men must be dragged from their
homes to feed the insatiable fury of
the demon, und somehow or other the
belligerent nations hopo to emerge from
the debauchery with what they call
honor and glory. But Nemesis, the goddess of vengeance, is even now scowling upon thom with a look which
bodes implacable revenge. Some debts
can be repudiated, some deeds go unpunished, but the persistent folly ot
the ambitious politicians who comprise
our capitalistic governments is leading thcVn with unerring hand to their
own doom.
We intend to oppose the policy of
conscription, however, now that it has
become law, by using every constitutional right that we possess to oust
from power the right honorable gentlemen who are responsible for placing
this right damnable piece of legislation
upon the statute books, and retiring
them to thc sequestered nooks of their
country seats, where their power fur
mischief, though not entirely eradicated, will be limited to their own immediate surroundings.
If war is fought with weapons and
munitions created solely by labor; its
armies fed and clothed by tlie products
of lnbor; and thoBe armies composed nlmost in their entirety of membera of
tho working class, who pays tho cost of
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Sol* Agents for Vaneonver
B.S. Ballena
Steamers leave Union Dock dally at 8:16 a.m.. Sunday at 10:30 a.m. for
Bowen Island, Britannia Mines, Squamlsh and way points, returning at
7:30 p.m.
On Saturdays a Steamer leaves Union Dock st 2:00 p.m. for Bowen
Island direct, returning from Bowen Island at 6:30 a.m.  on Monday.
With our good Hotel Service this makes a delightful week end.
Terminal Steam Navigation Company, Ltd.
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Make It a Fishing
or Shooting Trip
This Fall
You can have a cheap, enjoyable vacation
of a few days within easy reach of the city,
along the Fraser Valley line.
The Serpentine, Nicomekl and Vedder have been
yielding good 'catches lately, according to the reports. These streams are only an hour and a half,
to three hours from Vancouver.
Fare and third rates prevail every week-end. Phone
us for latest reports.    Be sure to take a copy of
"A Handy Guide for Fishermen," obtainable at all
sporting goods stores or at the company offices.
The Fraser Valley also affords the best
shooting.  Frequent train service.
Carrall and Hastings
Fhone Sey. 6000 PAGE FOUR
Published every Friday morning by tne B. 0.
FederftUonlit, Limited
E. Farm. Pettlplece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7196
After 6 p.m.: Sey. 7497K
Subscription: $1.60 per yesr; In Vancouver
Olty, $2.00; to unions subscribing
In a body, $1,00.
New Westminster W. Tatei, Box 1021
Prince Rupert....:..S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria ....... "    "
..A. S. Wells, Box 1538
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of the World'
FRIDAY September 7, 1017
Federntinn of Labor, bold in tbis
city on Monday last, decided to
leave tbe matter of "down tools" as a
proteat against the infamous conscrip
tion   law   that   haf
A REAL LABOBbeen   inflicted   upon
MOVEMENT       us  by  that quintcs*
DEMANDED.      sence     of    reaction
known  aB  the  Tory
government at Ottawa, in 'he hands of
the executive of the Federation, action
to be taken at the discretion of that
body.   The convention further decided
to take active part in the forthcoming
elections for the Dominion house, by
putting up as many candidates as possible pledged tc the repeal of the conscription infamy.   It is to be hoped
thtt nil of the progressive forces in the
province will soe their way clear to line
up together for the purpose of heading
off the attempts of thu  reaction  to
■mother the few remaining alleged democratic privileges of the common people, before .it." too lute to make effective   resistance   without   resort  to
clubs and other weapons of violence,
*      *      *
No more reckless disregard for the
principles of democracy and liberty was
ever manifested by the baneful and
sinister forces that dominate governments than now.    No more complete
repudiation of every principle of freedom and every attribute of citizenship
bas ever been recorded in history than
is bing impudently flung in the face of
the people of these so-culled democracies of this western continent, during
these piping days of capitalist hypocrisy
and crass vulgarity.   Never were the
forces of reaction more reckless and
open in their efforts to stifle democracy
and re-throne the tyranny of autocracy
and the brutality of absolutism than
now.   Never was it a mattor of such
pressing moment to the working people
of the earth that a common and united
effort be put forth to stay the hand of
brutality and strike a telling blow for
human rights and freedom, as it is right
now.   Never was the immediate future
fraught with a more deadly peril to all
for which the pioneers of liberty have
fought and her martyrs suffered and
bled than that  which looms porten*
tiouslyinthe foreground in the frenzied
efforts of the now thoroughly frightened ruling class interests  to smother
democracy and rape liberty, in order to
regain the stranglehold of autocracy
that has in a measure   been  broken
through the stubborn struggles of the
enslaved victims of tyranny in the past.
*      •      *
This war has already destroyed all
semblance of democracy in Oreat Brit*
ain. It is rapidly accomplishing the
same end in fhe United States and Canada. All of the alleged liberties for
which they profess to bo fighting have
been already surrendered by the peoplo
of the alleged democracies of the earth,
or are being destroyed from day to day
by their rapacious ruling ruffians.
Whether we like to admit it or not
the one outstanding fact is tbat the
Prussian system of a military dictatorship has all but conquered the earth,
and its chains are being more securely
rivetted upon the limbs of the stupid
people of so-called democracies each
day as the merry game of blood and
slaughter continues.
*      •      *
Surely M.  Tscheidze,  head of  the
Petrograd Committee   of   Worktoens
and Soldiers' Delegates,    must    have
been inspired when he said
"War is the most dangerous enemy of freedom, Bights are surrendered which may never be regained.
The man of thought is displaced by
the man of action. Benson gives
way to force. The destinies of the
human race are taken out of the
hands of the thinker and entrusted
to the soldier. With the soldier in
power no one knows what may
happen—no one is even permitted
to discuss what ought to happen.
The soldier ... has no political
instincts, no sense of statesmanship
... It is not safe to tr,ist the
world to such a man. The thinkers
must continuo to think. Discussion
muBt be free so that truth may
And there arc none among us who
•do not know that he spoke tho truth,
We find amplo confirmation of it upon
every hand. Every move that is made
by our precious rulers and their servile
tools in government verifies it. Every
Hir>inwk emitted from the gullets of their
platform apologWs aad boosters affirms
it.    The raucous sophistries, ribald ful
has been spent in begging favors at
the hands of masters. The time is right
hero now to tako those liberties that
we have been so foolish as to expect
our masters to give to us for the asking. That which is worth having is
worth taking. The only thing the workers of the world cun take, and the only
thing worth having or taking, is thoir
own liberty; their control over their
own lives and destinies. With the rise
of tho working clnss io the mastery
of its own industrial life, by first conquering thc capitalist stute and putting
its machinery of oppression and repression out of business, will come the end
of human slavery, nnd the arrival of
MAN to take his plnco upon the stage
of world events. We note in the daily
papers that mention is mnde of the fact
that "labor is organizing as never before and that it is becoming united in
n campaign which will do inn eh to
shape the future course of events in
Britain, The Labor Party as n coin's-
ivo body will exert a great Influence
this winter." And why ahould not this
be sot If there is anything in the way
of tho working class of any country
assuming absolute control of social nnd
industrial life of thnt country we cnn
not imagine what it can be except thc
ignorance of that working class. There
can be nothing else, for the very simple
reason that the working class alone
provides the necessary sustenance to
maintain the people of any country nnd
the workers outnumber the rulers and
idlers by many to one. Being by far
the most numerous as well as being the
only useful persons in tho country,
there is no powor on top of oarth to
prevent that working class from coming into possession of its liberty and
the control of its own activities and
its own life, except it might bo its
own dull stupidity and crass ignorance.
*       *       *
That tho working class is manifesting an inclination to wake up and take
a more active interest in its own welfare by entering into a wider participation in the political life of nations
and a greater control over the economic
factors of civilization, is indeed a
cheering sign of the times. The struggle againBt the master claBB is flrst a
political struggle. So long as the ruling class state remains unchallenged
and unconquercd, the slaves of industry aro at the absolute mercy of the
capitalists and their exploitation, It
iB time we had a labor movement on
this western continent that waB conscious of that fact. Once that becomes
recognized aud the conquest of the
Btate by the working class becomes the
chief plank in a labor platform, thc
end of the prosent regime of exploitation, slaughter and devastation will
swiftly approach. There is much to indicate that labor will soon take such
a line of action.
thrown into durance vile before he uttered his libelous words, it was probably duo to the fact that the officers of
tho law were sufficiently keen as to
1)0 able, by merely looking at a man,
to detormine what sort of a crime he
had in contemplation. If he wus arrested after the crime had been committed, it must have been upon the
charge of attempting to obtain a reputation for profundity under false pretences. But in any «aBe, we do not
wonder that ho was arrested. If we
should ever so far forgot the truth and
thc fact as to make a Bimilar break, wo
would not wait to be arrested, but
would immediately rush post haste to
the police stntion and beg to be at once
impaled upon the horns of the law nnd
crucified upon tho cross of outraged
capitalist justice, as meet and proper
punishment for such a libelous insinuation as that tho capitalist ever did,
over would or ever could pay for anything. Wo hope Germer gets sixty days.
Some peoplo can only obtain wisdoin
through compulsion.
"We demand that tho capitalist class,
whloh Ir responsible for this war, pay
its coats."
ruinations, monstrous prevarications,
vulgar insinuations and blatant accusations indulgod in by the kept press of
reaction, proclaims it from tho housetops, as it were, so that nono may be
left in doubt that tyranny is triumphant and Mars is in the suddlc.
. *      *      *
And now is the time for a real labor
Movement to develop. Now is the time
for Labor to acquire a new vision. It
is time that vision extended beyond
thc dull and sordid slave concept of
a few more cents pay for a few less
minutes of toil. It is time the workers acquired some conception of their
present degrading and huinilitating
status as slaves and enlisted in the
world struggle for freedom nnd the
end of exploitation and cringing servitude. It is time the slaves became
imbued with tho aspiration to become
men, free mon and free citizens of a
world no longer cursed with human
slavery, and its aftermath of human
*       *       *
The workers must wake up if they
aro ever to find relief frota the miseries
that,ruling class rapacity now forces
upon them. It is said that Qod helps
those who help themselves. This Ih
no doubt literally true. Lnbor will get
no other holp than that which comeB
as a result of its own efforts. We
may bc suro of that.   Too much time
THE WOBDS quoted are from the
lips of Adolph Germer, national
secretary of the Socialist party of
the United States. And they are really
soul-stirring words. Or at least thoy
would be if they had
NO WONDEB any moaning Thev
HE WAS are quite in line with
ARRESTED stereotyped    usage
among lip-service
socialists, or rather self-styled socialists, whose chief characteristics are
their propensity for loud talk nnd their
fairly completo absence of any knowledge of what they ure talking about.
The FedcrationiBt has no arrogant desire to be captious and givon to faultfinding, but even in these days that
are especially devoted to the trying of
men's souls and so toughening them as
to make them immune to all ordinary
torments, thingB may occur that aro bo
superlatively aggravating and exasperating as to causo even the toughest
old aoul to quako violently and pur-
gatively in protest. It is with this explanation that we expect, or at least
hope to, forfend any and aU reflections
upon the purity of our intentions,
* * • *
If the capitalist class could be compelled to pay the costs of this war, or
the cost of anything else, nothing would
or could give ub greater pleasure than
to occupy a front seat at that delightful and most unusual performance. In
fact, The Federationist would quite
cheerfully contribute all of the excess
war profits it has been able to seize
upon since the war began, and all that
it hopes to obtain ere the delightful
nffair has ended and the dove of peace
returns to bless the world and meet
with the heartfelt curses of war profiteers, for the privilege of a front Beat
nt such a show. We would even agree
that the money thus contributed should
be devoted to the pensioning of that estimable bunch of political old women of
the wrong sex at Ottawa, that havo
been rendered mentally indigent and
incapable of doing anything but nothing, through too close aud long association with the gas and shell shock of
the front trenches of the capitalist Canadian hog trough. Wo would even soe
it spent to furnish biblos for the European heathen, so thnt they might read
the beautiful Btory nbout now to "love
thy neighbor as thyself," nnd how to
do nnother good and proper before tbat
other had a chance to pull his gun, bofore we would consent to miss the
happy and satisfying-spectacle of a cap!
talist paying for anything, no matter
how cheap and small. We would even
conttlbJto a million dollars to a fund
for the purpose of supplying shoe
strings free to indigent nnd crippled
German soldiers after the wnr is over,
that thoy might make a luxurious living
as curbstone shoe string brokers, and
thus bo duly and properly rewarded for
having done their bit for the "Fatherland," just merely for the pleasure of
reading a truthful account of any such
payment over having been mnde.
* *       *
Thc socialist that does not know that
the men and women whose lnbor produces evory mouthful of food, every
shred of clothing, every last item of
munitions and other things with which
the war is fought, along with thoso who
engage in the actual processes of the
killing, maiming nnd devastating, pay
for the war and make pnyment in full
mensure daily, certainly has a few
things yet to learn. Tho socialist, or
any one else for that matter, who is
capable of thinking at all, and has
taken tho troublo to bend his or her
brow in thought nlong the lino of gaining informntion and knowledge thnt
would justify thc pretence of Bpeaking
with authority upon tho subject nf capitalists and their power to make payment, ns well as their predilections to
either utilize that power or withhold it
from service, ought, to bo arrested nnd
prosecuted to the fullest extent of the
law for mnking any snch statement ns
did Mr, Germer nbout the non-working,
non-pnying capitalist class. We understand that Germer was arrested, but
whetbor because of the seditious remarks above quoted or not wo dn not
know,    If  he  was   upprehontcd  and
IF THERE IS one fact that stnn
out in bold relief above all othor
facts of ruling class civilization, it
is that of the evidently overmastering
propensity  of its boosters,  npologistfl
and defenders to re-'
IN THIS sort  to  falsification,
GLORIOUS misrepresentation and
AGE OF LYING, doceit in order to
buttrosB, bulwark and
defend the rulers in their mastery over
tho Uvea and fortunes of their 'slaveB
nnd perpetuate their bloody regime of
plunder and rapine. That this should
be so is readily understood from an examination of that upon which all rule
rests; that upon which all governments
have been founded; and that is the
right of masters and rulors to rob and
otherwise use those over whom the
right of mastery and rulershjp is held.
It may be easily seen that such powerB
could never be attained and held, if
their attainment and subsequent holding
depended upon anything less than sheer
brute force, unscrupulously exercised.
No argument based upon truth, justice
nnd decency could induce human beings to submit to the galling and degrading yoke of slavery. Nothing short
of either outright and brutal Beizure, or
the seductive art of doceit and misleading could induce even the most ignorant to surrender their liberties and
become miserable nnd tortured victims
of that unmitigated curse thnt has beon
inflicted upon the wealth producers all
down through the ages since civilization
was born.
*       *       *
Just as thc ruling class at all times
has been compelled to depend upoa
criminality in order to maintain its
right to live nnd profit by the mother
of all crimes—human slavery—it has
novor hud nny other or stronger argument to offer in extenuation of its own
criminal career than that of accusing,
all who dared to criticize its brutalities
and condemn its infamies, of being
guilty of those crimes which are tho
very breath of life in its own nostrils,
and by tho continued and ruthless repetition of which its baneful regime is
perpetuated. He who objects to legal
murder, is at once denounced as one
who contemplates imbruing his hands
in his brother's blood. He who objects
to the ruthless rapacity of masters and
overlords, is immediately pronounced
guilty of possessing a "lust for the
wealth rightfully possessed by others."
He who raisefl hia voice, as did the
Nazarene, for "peace on earth and good
will towards all men," is guilty of "sedition," and fully determined to betray
his country to thnt country's enemies.
If he ia a workman who goes on strike
ngainst the brutal exactions of his benevolent employer, the fact is incontrovertible that he is a "pro-German, being finnnced with 'Hun' money, in his
evil design to betray hia country and
besmirch its flag." If he ia opposed to
the war being used aa a mask behind
which the forces of reaction are to
strip him of every vestige of liberty
that he haB hitherto enjoyed, he is at
onco pronounced a "slacker" or a
traitor" and fit only to be torn limb
frota limb by the loyal and patriotic
boosters for the bloody ruling claBB pastime. If ho tamely submits to whatever infamy his rulers may see fit to
heap upon him, or noisily and vulgarly
joins in the noble cause of aiding in tho
sinister purposes of his masters in heaping such infamies upon himself and his
fellows, he is acclaimed of heroic mold,
He will get columns of newspaper
praise as being a most worthy nnd all
around virtuous specimen of his race.
SUNDAY,   Sept. 0—Stage
MONDAY, Sept. 10—Amalgamated Engineers; Iron Workers;
Pattern Makers; Boilermakers;
Steam Engineers; Carpenters;
Eloctrical \yorkers.
TUESDAY, Sopt 11—Stone Cutters; Pressmen^ Barbers; Machinists, No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12—Metal
Trades Council; Stereotypers;
Tenmsters; Street Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, Sept 13-Sheet
Motal Workers; Painters; Shipwrights and Caulkers; Machinists, No. 182; Barbers.
FRIDAY, Sept. 14—Pile Drivers
and Brldgemen; Plumbers;
Shipyard Laborers; Timber
•smiths; Bakers.
...September 7, 1917 fl
look for nothing but criminal accusations to be launched ngainst any and
all who have the temerity to criticize
it and the healthy courage to give it
battle. They who live by plunder and
rapine can have no othor argument to
offset attack than the club of brutality
and tho lying tongue of accusation and
deceit. We ahould not expect criminalB
to voluntarily renounce the only weapons whereby they are enabled to carry
on their trade. And they can not deprive us of ours. The cause of democracy and liberty can be carried to victory only by the persistent promulgation of the, truth; the uncontrovertible
fact. The walls of class rule and its
Blavery will not be battered down with
the weapons of low brutality and vulgar ignorance. Theso are the weapons
of class rule and class rapine. Thi
are the opnly weapons that make class
rule and class rapacity possible. Brutality ia essentially a ruling class weapon. Lying accusations; the bearing of
false witness; secret service; perjury
and Subornation of perjury; legal roguery; political chicanery; vilification;
defamation; misrepresentation; hypocrisy; humbug; flimflam; these constitute the stink-bombs and gaa-shella, of
the ruling class armory. Upon such
munitions alone must the rulers of the
world depend to give moral and ethical
warrant for thia robber civilization and
justify the uae of the club, the bayonet
tho machine gun, the "press gang" and
the penitentiary to perpotuate its glorious reign. This ia indeed the most glorious nge of falsehood and deceit.
If the commodities belonging to the
capitalists are produced by the workers
for nothing, how can they be sold by
the owners except on credit?
If the average worker possesses no
property, and tne fact is that he doea
not, though he works steadily all his
life, does ne, as a matter of fact, work
for nothing?
by with it. Of course, the mob in question _ was at least partly composed of
heroic material garbed in military uniform. That iB to be expected in these
days of reaction rampant.
And now the government has announced that, in order to encourage the
saving of small sums, bonds will now
be put on sale at all postoffices for
$8.60 each that will call for the payment of $10 to the holder at the end
of three years. This precious scheme
is evidently designed to mobilize tho
pennies that patriotic folly may cause
the pooreat-paid victims of wage slavery to deny their anemic stomachs, in
thje ehape of food, in order to avoid
tho necessity of drawing too heavily
upon the plethoric bank accounts of
the profit lords for the wherewith to
finance the war. It would be interesting to know just when ruling class
genius for petty meanness shall have
been plumbed to its uttermost depths.
"In"time of poace prepare for war,"
said the Father of his Country. The
wisdom of his words are being most
convincingly exemplified in Europe today. The felicitious and uplifting conditions there prevailing could not havo
beon attained were it not for the wisdom manifested by tho various nationa
in making suitable preparations therefor. Had thoso preparations not been
made tho conditions would no doubt
by this timo have becomo something
It is not nccesBary to go to California to find working poople in jail
and their livos threatened for no other
crime than that of activity along the
line of efforts on behalf of themselves
and their fellows, to gain better working and living conditions. Right now,
in good old New Brunswick, the honorable court of British justice is boing
UBed for the purpose of hanging, if
possible, a number of striking plumbers, who have been arrested and are
being held upon charges tbat are manifestly trumped up, as are the charges
upon which Billings, Mooney, Mrs.
Mooney, Nolan and Wienberg aro held
and their murder sought down in San
Francisco. Ruling class justice is thc
samo, no mntter whether it be under
the union jack or the atara and
stripes. It is the juBtice of masters
meted out to slaves. Anybody,. Bhort
of being a d d fool can easily determine what it must be like.
A wickedly satiricnl contemporary
quotes tho Tampa Tribune, one of the
noisy nnd bombaBtic war journals, ns
saying "that any man who talks peace
now, without being willing to fight for
peace, is a traitor and a coward." And
then the wicked one wanta to know if
this denunciation includos the pope,
who, it will be remembered, has indulged in some very earnest and no
doubt well meant pence talke quite
recently. It is information that
ahould be promptly given, so that we
may all know who are "cowards nnd
traitors," and may comport ourselves
in a manner properly becoming to nil
brave and loyal persons. Whilo we
are loyally and bravely denouncing
"traitors and cowards," let none who
merit our curseB escape their due. So
Bay we all of us.
There are many in Canada and elsewhere who are opposed to conscription.
They openly say bo, and as a rule give
good and valid reasons for their opposition. Their reasons are chiefly based
upon a pronounced repugnance to the
surrender of the few democratic privileges up to tho present time held by
tho people and the fastening upon theta
of a brutal military regimo that all
history shows was never yet gotten rid
of except at tho coBt of infinite struggle not unaccompanied by bloodshed
and violence. Almost without exception, as far as we are able to judge
from such opportunity for obBervation
as comes to hand, these nnti-conscrip-
ttonlsts are not in favor of any surrender to the Teutonic powers of centrnl
Europe, but are, upon the contrary,
quite convinced that the war should
only ond with the complete triumph of
the Entente Allies, provided that such
triumph is not allowed tn go beyond
the limits dictnted by the exercise of
reason and a docont regnrd to the rights
and welfare of the Common people of
the conquered countries. The average
man in the street knows that the common people of none of these warring
countries are to be blamed for this
awful outburst of blind fury nnd frenzied passion He knows that thc entire
credit mny safely be given to the ruling
classes and their statcshien, diplomnts
and attorneys. And fnr that reason ho
is not inclined to visit undue punishment upon thc common people, but ia
quite favorably inclined toward giving
tho rulers nnd their flunkies of all countries whatever is properly coming to
them. Tho ending of the wnr by thc
downfall of Prussian militarism, nnd n
settlement of affairs upon a basis of
"no annexations and no indemnities,"
appears quite reasonable and sensible
But if in so doing, we arc to wake up
on the day following to find nicely and
firmly seated in the anddle in nil of the
entente nations a militarism essentially
Prussian (for nil militarism is that), it
would bo to awaken to tho fact thnt
tho Prussian cause had triumphed, although perchance the kaiser and his
junkers had met with defeat, That is
what wo do not want. And thnt is
what wo cannot hnvo foisted upon us
except by tamely submitting without
protest to whatever shameless and infamous chains the political tricksters of
the mnstnr clnss would fasten upon us.
•       *       *
Ruling class civilization being n crihio
bocause it is built upon human slavery
—the mother of all crimes—we need
If the wages of the workers are paid
out of tho products brought forth by
thoir labors, do tho capitalists pay
these wages or do the workers themselves pay themf
If the wage of the worker is paid
out of the product of his labor, and his
wage is upon the average only equivalent to his keep, does the worker board
himself while working for nothingt
If the profits of his employer are paid
from the product of his labor, is it a
matter of fact that the worker therefore pays the employer for the privilege
of being allowed to work for nothing
and board himself!
If it becomes neceBBary for the owners of commodities to sell them on cro-
dit, because there is nothing in existence wherewith actual payment can be
made, how can such sales be paid for
at any time in the futuref
If property is to be considered something that will bring to its owner the
comforts of life without exertion 'upon
his part, and tho only thing that will
and does create those comforts is human labor, what constitutes property)
If the resouces of the earth and the
machinery of production belongs to the
capitalists, and tho workerB can not obtain the necessaries of life except by
permission of the owners of those re*
sources and machinery, who owns the
workers T
In tho light of the present pronounced
propensity of so many-patriots to point
the accusing finger and shout "Blacker," "traitor," "pro-German," "sedition," etc., what would bo the correct
interpretation of the meaning of the
cry of "stop thief!"
copper miners of Butto nm on
strike. For several weeks a company
of militia was on guard at tho mines.
Suddenly the entire company packed
up and moved to the othor side of
town, notifying the mine officials thnt
"we are employed by the United
States government and not by tho
Anaconda Mining company."
A meeting called for the purpose of
mnking formal protest against the outrages at Butte, Mont., and Bisbee,
Ariz., was broken up by the polico and
secret service thugs at Detroit, Mich.,
last week. The Moose templo had been
engaged for the occasion and tho regular polico permit obtained. Thus was
another nail driven in the coffin of bru-
tnl nnd arrogant autocracy, another
laurel of achievement placed upon the
brow of triumphant and world-conquering democracy.
_ t
President Wilson has been made to
sny that "we are in this war in ordor
to make the world safe, for democracy," It now seems as though he
was not correctly reported. What he
probably Baid, or what be should have
said, is that "wo are in this war in
order to make the world safe for capitalism." The error may have been
duo] to either n slip of the tongue upon
his part or careless proofreading in the
print shop. In either case we beg to
offer due apology.
Bight upon the heels of the governor's declaration thnt "law and ordor"
mobs will not bo allowed to break up
public meetings and trample upon the
rights of citizens in North Dakota, we
note that such n mob did break up a
meeting of citizens at Fargo in that
stato, and so far as we yet know, got
At the convention of thc Minnesota
Stato Federation of Labor, held recently in Faribault, the organized
workers and the organized farmera
signed a treaty of alliance whereby
they have joined hands for tho purpose of throwing off their backB the
gang of parasites which preya upon
the fruits of agriculture and industry,
in the name of capital and business.
A general combination of that character could not be beaten by all the
powers of hell itself, added to those of
earthly capitalism. In the face of it,
the end of human salvery would be
well within sight. And what is it that
jb pestering the sons of men and keeping the whole world in an uproar of
tumult and fury if it bo not slavery!
Farmers and workers everywhere better think it over. If they do they will
follow the lead of the organized farmers and workers of Minnesota. And
the hour for human liberty will strike.
At tho recent primary elections in
Dayton, Ohio, the three Socialist candidates polled nearly as many votes as
al of their opponents combined. The
democrats will not appear upon the
ballot at the coming election. This
may be considered as the flrat serving
of political notice on the democratic
administration at Washington that the
war and conacription are most decidedly not popular with the people and
that the things the Socialists stand for
aro popular. The Dayton Daily News,
a capitalist sheet, says of the eleetion:
"The Socialists announced in their
platform that they favored a complete
overthrow of the government, and on
this issue they have approximately as
many votes as all the others combined.
The News reaffirms itB position that a
combined fight should bc made againBt
the Socialists. It will require every
ounce of opposition strength to defeat
(Continued from Page Onc)
Turner was being tnkon at his word. Two
or threo dairion would lio lined up In a week
or .sn. Another obnUcli* tho 'l'ramitters' hnd
mot with was the Pacific Transfer company,
whioh was opposed tn iho union. Thc manager aald ho had advised hia men not to
join  the union.
A rumor waa in effect that a central outfitting point for munition hoard ships was
to ho established in Victoria. This had
been looked Into and found to he a fact.
The bualnesH agent suggested that tho
Teamsters' now would bo assisted by all
union men insisting that all deliveries to
their homes bo by card men. About 400
teaniHters   and   drivers   wero   now   enrolled.
A report was rocelvod from the delegatea
to tho B. C. Foderation of Labor convention.
Dol. McVety drew attention to an erronoous
inforonco in the Daily Province.
Del. McVety reported having, with Business Agent Midgley, met the pension board
regarding complaints of returned mon who
were stranded pending settlement of their
pensions. This, tho board said, had been
adjusted. The committee also took up with
tho board the subject of increased pensions.
De). McVety drew attention in this regard
to nrens notices that the pensions were to
he increased about fiO per cent. As to tho
separation allowance of those who had gone
to England to work in munitions shops, a
Mrs. Jackson had complained. Del. McVety
repnrtod that she could not get any allowance becauso her husband had gone on his
own responsibility. This had boen taken up
with H. H. Stevons, local member, who replied he waa afraid nothing oould be done,
Dol. Herrltt, for the Barbers', reportod
tho union hsd almost doubltd Its membership.
Dol. Wight, Letter Carriers', reported a
special mooting had boen held in protest
against tho lack of Increase In salaries
since 1013. He said the governmont had
noon wasting time talking politics Instead
of supply.
Dol. Graham, Cooks, Waiters and Walt*
rossos', asked that all delegates ask waiters
serving thom if they belong to the union.
This would be of great assistance.
Dol. Alexander, Steam and Operating Engineers', reported the aaccessfnl amalgamation nf the old association with the union.
Del. Miss Outterldge reported the Turner-
Beaton eompany ef Vietoria was atill putting out gamut! with » misleading label.
It was merely a Turner-Beaton union label
and not the International organization,
Del. Kelly, Longshoremen, reported the
union had been successful in organizing on
several wharves. The Evans-Coleman wharf
was in a somewhat different position by
reason of holding goods on the wharf for
sale and sought an advantage for this in
competition with other wharves. As to the
B. 0. Longshoremen's Association, Del. Kelly
said thoy had been put out of business, The
members had all retired from the waterfront.
Del. Pholps, for the Shipyard Helpers'
union, roported as to the negotiations with
,th munitions board which was willing to
set a rnte similar to that determined by the
Pacific Coast conference In San Francisco.
Drastic action had therefore heen delayed.
Del. Crawford, for the Sheet Metal Workers', reportod the union had boen successful in getting a small wage increaso,
Reporting for the Electrical Workers,'
Del. Morrison said tbo men were still out
at the Britannia mino. Mr. Justice Murphy
was to be chairman of the conciliation board.
In tho differences with tho B, C. Telephone
Tho Machinists' locals had decided to put
business agent in tho field, also to send
a delegate to the Dominion Trades Congress,
Del. McVety reported.
Dels. Miss Outterldge and McVety were
appointed a committeo to go ovor tho new
scale of wages prepared by the Cooks',
Waiters' and Waitresses' union.
Under new business Business Agent Mldgley moved that the council pass a resolution endorsing tho proposal for tho International organization of Civic Firemen to
cover all ilre-flghters.
The proposal of the Dominion governmont
to givo the franchise to wives, sisters and
mothers uf soldiors, Miss Gutteridge told
the oounoil, had as its objeot tho support
of the Borden government conscription
schemes. She said women in this province
had the franchise and should be allowed to
vote. Sho offered a resolution that the council wire Sir Robert Borden voicing the objection of. the council and urging
that all women of the Dominion bo
given the franchise, DeL McVety, in
supporting the motion, said the proposal
for enfranchisement was a nefarious schemo
to return the Borden government. It was
a most excellent confirmation that all women were not ln favor of conscription.
Del. Towler drew attention to tho proposal to exclude from the franchise all
"conscientious" objectors. He asked Miss
Gutteridge if she believed in excluding
' 'conscientious'' objectors ■ among women.
Miss Gutteridge said she did not. The motion carrlod unanimously.
A motion by Miss Gutteridge that the
secretary write to all women'b organizations
asking them to appoint two delegates to
meet the executive of the Trades and Lahor
council, was also carried unanimously. She
drew attention to the importance of organizing women of tho Dominion In light of tho
efforts to exploit thoir labor.
A question was asked as to what reply
had been recelvod from the ministor of lands
regarding the opening of closod towns of
private corporations. Tho secrotary ^reported no replv had been received. He will
writo again, enclose a copy of the first totter, and ask if it had been rocelvod by the
Considerable discussion took place on the
suggestion that tho council adopt a monthly
working curd. Del. Crawford gave notice
of motion that tho council' havo such a card.
Del Treo, of the Longshoremen, suggested
the council had more important matters to
doliborate over, for in the course of a few
weeks labor would bo divided into throe
classes—thoso in jail, those in khaki, and
those indiiBtrinlly conscripted.
A motion by Del. Phelps to instruct the
secretary to write to the minister of labor
asking when government labor bureaus
would be brought into effect, was lost.
The following now delegates wore obligated: Shoe Workers', Tom Cory; Teleg-
ranhers, E. F. Bailey: Barbers, C. B. Merritt: Typographical, J. R. Melsom; Retail
Clerks', A! h, Munn. C. D. Bruce; Cooks
nnd Walters', Joseph Garner, Joseph Rlcard;
Carpenters', Copping; Shipyard Lahortra .
W. Hardy, F. Tulk, M. A. Phelps;
Teamsters'. B. Showier, A. H. Kempton.
The Long-Distance Telephone bo-
comes more popular every day.
Reasons: Directness of conversation
Is not reached in the written communication; you speak with tho party
yon want; you receive your answer
Immediately; no journey is required;
distance is eliminated; the weather
does not count.
Wbat better service would you desire 1
With the Steadily
Rising Price
of Coal
The economy of using KIRK'S
he increasingly apparent
Compared with other household
expenses OOAL is the cheapest
of them all. <
LUMP     $8,50
Jn" *8.oo
Our Advice—
Buy your coal at once.
Telephones, Sey. 1441, 465
Refined Service
One Block vest of Court Home.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour 2425
To mtmbin ot uy union ln Canada •
epaoisl rata lor Tk. Fidaratlonlat •< 11
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either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
Por the different members
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are west of Winnipeg.
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday.  Intereat credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal.
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The Merchants Bank of Canada
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banking service, whether your account Is large or small.
Interest aUowed oa savings deposits.
O. N. STAOST, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
 ,. ,..siiftiioX'3K9eraQOOC3e&
lonl/oi mt CiwMiktti' InuinitBul TOononBerlc*^^ *"*
_ms. ,., -  Union-made Cigars.
'•&%. *}B*Ss!itei"" ""■>" «"""■« «»*"*"*"-«iii toto *<■»«
KHaVll     '**f»*",'"l«"«"l"l''"l"«'**'«l'.'M>«»«*u l-WULMHINll
KmMEl  ■f*q«*'.*<>n*«<iuwMMUsawMii«iori«lowr^iiMiMMmaaH
When Buying a Cigar See that This UNION Blue
Label is on the box aaamma
PBIBAT September 7, 1917
New Waists
From New York for
the New Season
The definite trend of the new autumn styles is portrayed
in this advance showing of distinctive waists—and the values
they represent will be of much interest to erery fashion-loving
PRETTY OEOBOETTE WAIST—In orchid shade, with collar and vest
of white, the front being handsomely embroidered in purple and whito
beads.   Full sleeve, having turned back cuff.   Price $13.75
OHABMINO WAIST—Of very good quality whito Oeorgette, with high
neck, staart moiro ribbon band, neat bow, and piped with black—nw
sleeve with deep cuff.   Prico 111.50
VERY ATTRACTIVE WAIST—In tailored effect of striped taffeta, with
collar and vest effect of Georgette.   Excellent value $10.60
m UhpfiudsonsBauiTonipani). ffl
___..__£_    — iaa__mmt   liw      Miastn t eYtamsas. ttmu aanmtataat*. L/T^J
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Dentist and the Public
6 By W. J. CUtlY, SOt Dominion Building
Cj There ate some goods and some services, the values of which are
unmistakable, but in other cases the purchaser is more or less in the
dark, and here is where the abuse of confidence and the brute instinct
of cunning sometimes manifests itself,
Cf With the present ignorance of tbe public, regarding the care of the
teeth, not even the doctor of law, medicine or theology, has much' advantage over the dentist aB an impostor. Seldom does an individual
know tho eiact condition and requirements of his teeth, and yet the
truth remains that the average dentist does his work conscientiously
and well. As a rule he has all he can do, and for the man who doeB his
wcrk right gold teeth bave no financial attraction over other work. The
truth Ib it is not so much the depravity of human naturo which is responsible for abuses sueh as I propose relating, as the business organization and relationship between the boss dentist, Ma employees and the
fj Doubtless the following experience can be duplicated in a degree
by every practitioner in Vancouver and elsewhere.
IS Last month a working man entered my office. The orifice of his
orocavity suggested something from the bronze period or a couple of
full cartridge belta, rather than the "gates of pearl" which poets tell
of, and he waB fully conscious of the outrage of which he was the victim. His story was as follows: "Owing to the abase of my teeth and
carelessness, they had worn down in the front and would not meet
right, although I never had toothache or aay of them decayed, as far
as I know."
fjj This mun, after reading somo of tho alluring displays of our dental
philanthropists, decided that to be true to himself and the British Empire, he should gain the services of one of these artists. After sizing
up hiB wad with the X-ray, the doctor assured him that his only hope
for dental satisfaction was to have some of these short teeth removed,
a gold bridge inserted and tho balance of his grinders capped with the
same precious metal.
<J "Thc boss of the tooth factory began with a $50.00 deposit and an
hour's grinding to take off the enamel and make ready for the crown."
"Was it painfult" I inquired. "It was proper hell; the stone had
bumps and run like a burly drill. He speeded hor up to five thousand
a minute and if the girl had not kept squirting ice-water I would have
seen tho sparks fly.
<J "An hour with tho emery wheel and he took a plaster impression.
It stuck und ho about busted my jaw getting it out. He was some
lightning artist though. That sume afternoon I loft his parlors with a
whole upper set of crowns shoved up under the gums and for the next
few days I swore and lived on mush. When I tried chewing solids, I
found they were worse than before. I guess if the Lord had seen gold
teeth was the correct stuff to chew with, he would have made them out
of gold instead of ivory."
H "But how did you get all.your teeth covered!" I inquired. "Well,
after the first lot failed. I read up on painless dentistry again and decided to try the man who 'guaranteed' his work. He advised me to
havo the lower teoth made to match the upper ones, and took out four
front ones to start with. He covered the others with gold and now, as
you seo, my mouth looks like the inside of a joss-house."
|| This man knows he has heen robbed, tortured, and has had his
teeth ruined in the bargain, and yet tbo average dentist seems too
"ethical and dignified" to warn the public of these dangers. This victim of our "noble profession" has decided to undergo the process of
uncrowning, and if the inflammation and loosening of the teeth which
necessarily follows this class of work haa not proceeded too far, it is
possible his teeth may still be saved and made fairly serviceable.
|| This might be a promising case for a law suit, but this is not the
remedy, and the lawyer has even a more ancient and disreputable reputation than the dentist. I will show later on that thin type of imposition applies to other professions and is not becauso of the "vilenesB of
human nature," but is entirely due to a wrong relationship existing between men.
Vancouver Drug Co.
Six Centrally Located Stores
At each of our stores is carried a full stock of all lines usually
carried at drug storos
405 Hastings St. W. Phones Sey. 1065 le i960
782 OranviUe Stnet Seymour 7013
2714 OranviUe Street Bay. 2314 A 17440
412 Main Street Seymonr 2032
2003 Fourth Ave. West Bay, 1633
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 * 17330
C. A. CRY8DALE, Manager for I). 0.
Pltoae Sey, 6770 for appointment and we will arrange aame for your
Government As Usual Pays
No Attention to the
Men's Demands
Need of a Closer Affiliation
With Trades and Labor
Congress Shown
A MASS-MEETING of postal employees representing the Bailway
Mail Clerks' association and
Branch No. 12, Federated Association of Letter Carriers, both of
which bodies are affiliated to the local
Trades and Labor Council, was held on
Friday evening at the Labor temple, to
decide on some further action in securing recognition of their demands for increased salaries The letter carriers'
last-obtained statutory increase was
given on April 1, 1913, sixteen months
prior to the beginning of the war, and
the railway mail clerks, to some extent,
on April 1, 1914. The conditions entailed in the course of the war in the
economic field has been such as to war*
rant means being taken to offset the
upward tendency which seems to be
never-ending, and in consequence there*
of the various postal employees' associations havo had to make demands
on the government for an increase to
alleviate the situation that now exists.
The apathy of tho government has
been such that the employees in the
various departments of the postal services throughout the Dominion are beginning to lose all patience at the dilatory and uncalled for delay in considering the demands of its employees.
Probably the assumption that they cannot strike tends to aggravate the situation that has prevailed, which would
not be tolerated by any body of working people employed by private firms
who have recourse to invoke the Industrial Disputes Act or a conciliation
board to obtain consideration of their
demands without further parley.
Notwithstanding that most of these
claims were submitted to the government in September, 1916, and on other
subsequent occasions since that time, no
information has been obtained by the
various executives of postal associations
of a definite nature, excepting the usual
replies "the matter iB under consideration" or "provision will in all probability be made for the lower grades,"
all more or less of a similar vein.
All requests as to what might be ex-
Sected in the matter of an increase
ave been kept a deep secret by the
department and the minister of finance.
Not even members on the government
side of the house can obtain the desired information, who offer the opinion that only the lower grades will receive any consideration, possibly those
earning Iosb than a thousand dollars,
all of which is. mere conjecture, and
nothing of a definite nature, and does
not tend to appease the plight of a
great number of employees. One thing
they have been assured of is, that no
information will be given until such
times as the parliament can take up
the supplementary estimates. Then,
and only then, will they know what provisions have been made, and they will
not have an opportunity to contest the
adequacy or otherwise of the award.
It will be too late.
It has since been felt that the original demands do not meet conditions as
they aro now, and during one year's
delay in acting on their first applications, they have decided to ask for
more, to keep pace with times and
prices, as any attempt to create a max*
imum price has the failing to become
the new minimum at the same time of
After mature consideration of the situation as it affects the employees, the
following resolution was put to the
meeting and enrried unanimously:
Tbe Resolution.
"We, tho Vnncouver branches of the
Railway Mail Clerks' association, and
ranch No. 12, Federated Association of
Letter Carriers, in mass-meeting assembled, in the Labor templo, Vancouver, B.C., this, the 31st day of August,
Of ST.
The British Justice Mill Gets
Ready to Turn Out    '
lte Grist
The death of Police Constable Scarlett at the
front Is deeply regretted among membera
of union labor, for Scarlett was aa well-
Jlfflo by the working claaa as the Ute
Chief McLennan. Scarlott waa a splendid
man and very human. He was a popular
and efficient figure on point duty at the
corner of Hastings and Oranvllle, one of
the busiest eddies in Vancouver's traffic.
When Scarlett died, the world lost » big
heart. Many stories are told of his great
kindnesses to hla fellow man. One time
in England, before he came to this country,
a neighbor of the Scarletts died, leaving
two orphaned children. They were about
to be sent away to an orphanage. This
big-bearted man, however, asked that the
matter be delayed for awhile. In the
meantime he arranged for another neighbor
to adopt one child, and he took the other,
and added the baby to hts own already
quite large family. Scarlett was a giant
In stature, and of great strength, but he
was av irintle aa a woman. /
1917, called to protest against the unfair methods of secrecy adopted by the
administrators of the post-office de-
partmeitf and the hon. the minister of
finance, in regard to the dissemination
of information relative to proposed increases of BalarieB pertaining to the
aforesaid employees, which, with all due
fairness, should have been submitted to
the^ aforesaid partioB concerned before
action was contemplated or about to be
taken, and which methods are contrary
to the principles employed by private
interests bofore closing their agreements in similar circumstances. Further,
We protest against the unreasonable
delay in tnking action to grant immediate relief, having in view the lengthy
period from application for said relief,
and the further fnct that the government have from time to time shown
by statistics the necessity for some in
their official publication, the Labor
Gazette.   Further,
Many employees find that debts are
unavoidable under the conditions that
prevail, which is contrary to the rales
of tho department.   Therefore,
Be it resolved that this meeting demand tbat the government immediately
grant a general increase of $20 per
month to the aforementioned employees; and further, resolved that temporary employees be treated likewise;
and further
Resolved that said increases be made
retroactive to not later than October
1, 1916, and to be received not later
than Soptember 30, 1917.
Telegrams were ordered sent to the
Hon. Sir Robert L. Borden, premier;
the Hon. Charles Joseph Doherty, acting postmaster-general: and the Hon Sir
Wilfrid Laurier.
The "West" Is Unanimous.
All western cities, from Winnipeg to
the coast, are acting in concert in sending telegrams to thc premier and postmaster-general, to be wired and in their
hands on Labor day, September 3.
Among tbe "Slackers."
The local Poatal Clerks' Association
of the Dominion of Canada refused to
co-operate in the mass-meeting, on the
plea that "more effective work is being done and more will be accomplished through their own central executive
than would be attained by the method
of procedure suggested," This is a
bunch who are opposed to affiliation
with the Dominion Trades and Labor
Congress, and who have ventured the
opinion that the postal services could
not amalgamate into one body as long
as the carriers remained affiliated.
The railway mail clerks are more or less
favorably inclined to the congress,
hence thoir co-operation in the west in
holding mass-meetings. How will Calgary and Victoria postal clerks view
the stand of their local in Vancouver!
King Kelly Puts War Paint On
*******      *******      *******
Pays Fed. a Visit With Tail Up
FOLLOWING VV somo references
The Foderntionist mado to tho bunkoing of the public by divora gambling
devices employed on the Skidroad of
the Vancouver exhibition, King Kelly,
tho bird in charge of Bunko Row, paid
a visit to The Federationist offico on
Wednesday. Kolly came in a brand
new motor car, slid up ngainst the curb
in front, of the office door, jumped nimbly out nnd came into tho office with
hand extended in friendly introduction.
"I'm Kelly," he announced.
Thc office boy immediately closed the
Kelly had a proposition to make. In
brief, it was this. If tho directors of
the exhibition would admit that Kolly
was responsible for the attractions on
tho Skidroad then he, Kelly, would accept tho blame. On the other hand, if
tho directors snid Kelly wns not responsible, Kelly wanted to bo "sot straight
with the publio."
So the bargain wns made. If there
is a solitary director of the exhibition,
or if they will collectively, nssumo responsibility for permitting rampant
graft on tho Skidrond, then tho general
public will havo moro to blame than
Kolly, though it will not minimize tho
sentiment ngainst Kolly. If 11. S. Rolston, manager of tho Skidrond, knew of
tho wide-open gambling that went on,
thon tho snmo man Rolston should bo
relieved of the respectable position of
responsibility which ho has held as
working head of the exhibition for so
many years.
Howover, in light of the facts, the
public is not willing to admit that Rolston was personally in touch with the
nest of grafters. Kelly was. It was
"Kelly" hero nnd "Kelly" there. In
fact it was "Has anybody soon Kellyt"
among the concessionaires. They had
to go to Kelly for everything almost.
It was Kelly who allotted the Bpace to
thom. Kelly suys he did not make thc
contracts with them. What if he
didn't! That fact should not have
boen any excuse for Kelly closing his
eyes to wide-open gambling which tho
polico hnd to tnke n hand in (not a
pun) to tbe extent of sumamrily closing
some of tbe joints.
It is doubtful if any of the grafters
of tho Skidroad could have got a concession for his particular sort of graft
if King Kelly, the hinn in charge of tho
Skidrond for tho association, had raised
a hand in objetion. That bo did not
wns shown in the fact that up to the
day The Fedorationist exposed tho lamentable bunkoing of the public gambling tun as openly uh in the wildest and
wooliest dny of thc wost. Of course,
there wore nono of the time-honored
devises suoh as roulette, faro, throe-
eard monte, keno, etc. Figured from
the percentage of ohonoo given the public, theso were respectable alongside tho
gamos ran on the Skidrond.
Kelly does not attempt to try to
make anyone believe he did not know
tho character of the games. Nobody
who knows Kelly would believe any
such thing. As ti matter of fact, tho
genoral public which has had dealing
with Kinc Kelly, givoB him credit for
being a wise, smooth young man, of extreme Bophisticntion.
Kolly takes refuge behind the pica
that he was not the "responsible"
party. Who woa, thent Was it Rolston, Alderman Miller, or who!
People would very muoh like to
St John Chauffeurs Launch
a Strong Organization
With Good Prospects
ST. JOHN, N.B., Aug. 29.—(Special
to The Federationist.)—At the cIobo of
the opening day of the murder ease
against Everett Garland and John
O'Brien at the circuit room yesterday,
nine of the twelve jurors had been eta-
panelled to judge between the guilt or
innocence of the accused. One hundred
and twenty-one names were called out
by the clerk, but the number challenged
by counsel or absent or excused was so
great that it was an absolute impossibility to secure the number required.
Another effort will be made to com*
plete the jury from the panel summoned this morning, when all those who did
not appear yesterday, as well as those
who were stood aside by the crown, are
ordered'to be present by the chief justice, Hon. H. A. McKeown.
The crown was represented in tbe
matter by W. B. Wallace, K. 0., and J.
McMillan Trueman, while Daniel Mul-
lin, K.C, and E. J, Henneberry appeared on behalf of the accusd. The courtroom was crowded throughout the day,
interest in the caso remaining at a high
pitch during the proceedings. Both the
accused were in the box during the day.
They appeared cool and collected, and
smilingly acknowledged bows from their
friends in eonrt.
Yesterday's proceedings were not entirely devoid of humor. It almost appeared that the sheriff had selected
men who had applied and had been rejected. There were medical certificates
galore, and just as a possible juryman
agreeable to both parties was found he
would dispel the hopes of the court bv
producing a doctor's certificate, which
operated to excuse him from serving.
The protestations of many of the jurymen called created a good deal of
amusement for thoee in court. ' Chief
Justice McKeown, while admitting that
service on a jury on capital cases was
unpleasant, nevertheless Bald that citizens should not try to escape the responsibility of service, and he announced that he purposed having all those
who had not answered to their names
brought forward before him, and, failing their presenting satisfactory excuses, they would be dealt with according to law.
Most of the morning session was occupied with the hearing of preliminary
objections raised by Mr. Mullin. The
main object of counsel was that he jurors' list for the city and the county of
St. John had not been filed with the
county secretary by the sheriff, and
were presented in court, but Mr. Mullin
contended that here was a wide difference between voters' lists and jurors'
lists, inasmuch as the qualifications
were not the same for voters are for
jurors. The objection was finally overruled, the chief juBtice declining to
grant tho motion to quash the panel on
the ground that the fists had not been
filed. Counsel for the defence then
filed with the clerk of the court the
motion to quash the affidavits relatlvo
to the motion. Other preliminary ob-
jecions were taken by Mr. Mullin to the
title of the indictment and to the designation of the accused 0 'Brlen. Following those objections by Mr. Mullin, Dr.
Wallace asked leave of the court to
amend, which was granted by the chief
St. John Chauffeurs Organise.
An enthusiastic and largely aitended
meeting of the newly-organized Chauffer 's union was held in the Oddfellows'
building for the purpose of electing officers for the year. The officers elected were: Chester Jones, president;
Vincent McGraw, secretary-treasurer;
Ruby Johnson, warden: William Johnson, conductor. The delegates to tho
Trades and Labor Council chosen are:
Ruby Johnson, Albert Keeble, Roy Latimer, William Johnson. After the election several candidates were initiated
into the union. Brief but inspiring addresses wero delivered by John Kemp,
of the cigar makers' union; Charles E.
Compton, of Ottawa, and J. L. Shugrue,
of the Trades und Labor Council. They
congratulated the new union on its
auspicious beginning, and prophesied a
great future beforo it. The union decided to inerease the initiation fee after
the next meeting. It is expected that
tho charter of tho new union will arrive
beforo the next meeting.
—Popular Prices-
Corner Broadway and
Boys' School Shoes-That
Have The Punch!
We have a wide experience to go on in making the selection
of our Boys' Shoes. We know that nothing but solid leather
can stand up against the punishment the average boy can give
footwear. We have made every effort to flnd a solution and
have finally arrived at the fact that "Leckie" Shoes, made
right here in Vancouvor, are the best investment parents cen
make and advise accordingly.   At Spencer's:
Boyi' Box Calf "Leckie"
Sizes 1 to S_  M.26
Sizes 11 to 13% $3.50
Chrome Waterproof
'Leckie" Boots
Sins 1 to W. ....
Sires 11 to 13H
"Olutic" Boots
Vici Ud, gunmetal calf and patent leather, button and face
Sises 11 to i (3.86
Sizes 8 to 10% 13.85
Misses' School Boots—
Scotch chrome, waterproof sole,
box calf upper, light in weight,
but very strong. Sizes 11 to
t I3.S8
Your confidence will
not be misplaced
—when you trust your teeth to my care. Tou will
be sure of high-grade work, work so good that I
guarantee it in writing to last for ten years. I practise the most modern methods for the alleviation
of pain and my charges are quite moderate. Appointments made for evening attention.
Dental Norse
Telephone Seymour 2716
Open Vott—j —A
Friday Evmlngi.
Doctor Grady
"Tlie Quality Dentist"
Suite 202 Bank of Ottawa Bldg.
602 Hastings Street W.
I have just received my new stock of
Black Mackinaw Coats and Shirts
The Coats run, eaoh..
..♦12.00 to f 18.00
The Shirts, double baok and front  .$7.80 and $8.50
Black Mackinaw Coats, from .$6,00 to $8.00
18 and 20 Cordova St West 444 Main St
Would You Protect a Waif?
Love?  Sympathize?  Hate?
"The Lone Wolf
For One Week-September 10
A I.I.AN DALE, foremost critic, says: "Tlio doings of tlio 'gang,'
** tho exploits of tho ubiquitous I.one Wolf, the escapes, surprises,
thc dud in. midair betwoon two aeroplanes, the falling of nn automobile from an open draw-bridge, gives one no rest from thrills. It is
even difficult to think."
NIOHTS, 8:30; MATINEE, 2:30
AFTERNOONS: 16c, 26c, 50c
NIOHTS: 16c, 26c, 36c, 60c PAGE SIX
 September 7, 1917'
What's Wrong WithPantages?
Very Rotten Show This Week
Many vaudeville performances have
beea seen in Vancouver; but it is doubtful if there has been any quite so poor
—really rotten—as this week's bill at
the Vantages. It docs not seem possible that because Alexander Pantages
has built him a handsome house here
that he should skimp the shows and
help pay the interest on his investment.
This will not do. While it must be admitted that the management of the Pan*
tages cannot be expected to furnish all
headline™, it might at least give the
public a fifty-fifty run for its money.
Monday was Labor day, and labor went
on a holiday. In the plans of thou*
sands of workingmen and their families were includod a visit to thc Pantages, to which they were lured by
extravngunt advertising. Recently i
campaign was started ogoinst fake ad
.vertiscrs among merchants, and this
might be extended to Include theatres
which advertise goods they do not sell,
The Pantages show this weok was such
an article. It was decidedly inferior,
and some say inferior to anything seen
in this city before. But the dishonest
advertising by newspapers which publish on their own responsibility the
eruberant description of press agents,
caused the Pantages to bc packed and
thousands to be disappointed. It was
interesting to read the Tuesday papers
about the marvellous programme, and
how well it took—how great the singers
were and how funny the cotnedians. Ab
a matter of fact, there wns but one
person in the whoie show who belonged
on the vaudeville stage at all.  She was
the Miss Merritt, who played a saxophone in "Little Miss Up-to-Date."
ThiB was advertised ns a "speedy, high-
powered girl revue." It was speedy,
all right, in that it speeded-up the desire to get away. "The Four Rosea"
or "devotees of terpischore," co»*ldn't
dance, nor had they show of clothing or
art. Adams and Guhl, advertised as
"two crafty ignoramuses," were
black face—that 'b nil. They weren 't
entertainers by any means, but their
cork was on all right. "Salvation
Sue" was supposed to be a "comedy
drama" of thc north. The quartette
of actors in thiB were the limit, nnd
probably only one of them had ever
done anything of the kind before.
Local newspapers handling the advance dope of the press agents might
at least credit the stuff designed to gull
the public to the press agents themselves, and not permit tho public to
accept all hilarious descriptions as gospel,
Theatrical performers of thc better
class welcome criticism, but the modern
newspaper run from the business office
does not permit legitimate criticism
any more, even of a perfectly rotten
show. It would be much bettor for
the theatrical business were there legitimate criticism, and thiB would nid
in keeping the business on a higher
plane. There is no doubt that the snl-
aries paid to some of the punk performers would hire good ones, and there
must be good ones around somewhere,
for evory now and then one shows up.
The local manager of the Pantages is
not to blame, for ho has to take what
is sent to him.   But Vnncouver is a
pretty good patron of the Pantages circuit, and deserves treatment accordingly when the shows are booked for this
So, is it any wonder the working-
man prefers a motion picture show after
fluch a performance as dished up by
the Pantages this weckr
Waits Offlce Help Union.
Editor of The Federationist: Would
not the present time, when the leadcrB
of organized labor of the province are
in consultation together here, be opportune for the discussion of the possibility of organizing the bookkeepers and
stenographers, of Vancouver, and ultimately British Columbia! In spite of
opinions sometimes expressed to the
contrary, I believe there is considerable
sentiment among the so-called white-
handed laborers in favor of organization, and certainly unless something is
done the status of clerks and stenographers as compared with even the
worst paid of manual workers must suffer still further deterioration. It is
time tho bookkeepers and stenographers lined up with the rest of their follow workers and lifted themselves'out
of the category of scab workers. Surely we are intelligent nnd manly enough
to keep pace with other workers of the
Vancouver B.C., Sept. 3,.1917.
As it does not exist, and cannot exist,
in an atmosphere of human slavery,
how can the "world be made safe for
democracy" without first abolishing
WantJustice for the Underdog
in Canadian Military Schemes
In Calgary there was recently formed
an organization for the purpose of securing economic justice for the underdog in military matters—the private,
It was formed among the wiveSj mothers and relatives of privates. That the
members of this new organization,
which is called the "Next-of-Kin"
sociation, fully appreciate that the
hardships of war are borne by the
poorer classes, is shown by the resolution which was adopted and forwardec
to the prime minister. Like the Tradei
and Labor Council of thiB city, the new
organization advocates government administration of the patriotic fund, that
separation allowances bo increased, and
that pensions alao be larger and more
in keeping with tho oacrifices demanded of the men who fight. The Kioto*
tion, as follows, speaks for itself:
1. The taking oVer of aU profits
jnade by reason of the war by corpor*
ations and others in excess of seven
per cent, on the capital actually invested.
Si A five-fold increase of the rate of
taxation of incomes as originally proposed by the income tax, exempting
only incomes of $2500 or under.
3. A direct tax on land values, including all natural resources.
4. An additional tax on all idle
lands, and the taking over by the crown
of such lands if the tuxes are not
promptly paid.
5. A sharply graduated inheritance
tax on estates of over $50,000.
6. The removal of the tariff on all
necessaries of lifo during the continu-
Teeth Talk to the Up-to-Date Doctor and the
Life Insurance,Examiner-How a Hole in Your
Tooth Means Years Off Your Life!
[Author    of    "Sidestepping    Ill-Health," "Alcohol-Its  Influence on &ina* and Body," "Zona Therapy,'
ance of the war and until the expiration of one year after the war.
7. A more general system of fixing
the prices of the necessaries of life,
such as has been introduced in the case
of wheat.
8. That all munition factories, all
means of transportation and communication, and all other wealth of the
country shall be taken over by the
government during the prosecution of
the war and for at least one year after
the war.
The necessity for conBcripting wealth
1. That the costs of the war should
be paid as the war progresses, so that
the soldiers who are now making sacrifices at the front will not be required to make further sacrifices when they
return in the way of paying the coats
of the war. Furthermore, those who
remain at home should be required to
make lacrlfieon as well as the mon at
the frgnt,
E. Ill Order that the pntriotic fund
may be taken over by the government
and the necessary money realized by
taxation instead of by tags and other
eharitablo methods, as at present.
3. So that separation allowances of
the wives of soldier might be increased to a minimum of $30 per month,
instead of $20, which iB paid at present.
In order that pensions to widows,
dependent mothers and totally disabled
men may be increased to $100 per
month, with an additional allowance of
$10 per month for each child; also in
order that larger pensions may be
granted to those who arc partially disabled.
5. In order that the returned veterans may be generously provided for
during the war, and for ut least one
year after the war.
We demand thnt nil officers and
privates be considered equal in point
of sacrifice and receive equal pensions.
VIOTOBIA. B.O.: 818 View Street. Phone, 126».  Greenhouse! and Nw
Bery, Esquimau Hoad.   Phone 819.
HAMMOND P. O.: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B.   Phone Ham-
i i
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Treei and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,"
Out Ploweri and Funeral Emblems
Main Store aad Registered Offloe: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
48 Halting! Btreet Bait.   Phonei, Seymonr 988*678.
Brand Store, Vanconver—728 Granville Street.   Phone Seymonr 8513
Ptone Sey. 8807.   ■'
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that every union man
■hould have. Simplicity, efficiency nd
economy combined with a money aaver
are the principal feature! of
AERONUI     :;.;
:     ::   670 Richards Street
Happy and healthy, these girls also have perfect teeth, and this is not a coincidence.    As Dr. Bowers points out, any crevice in the teoth
speedily Is inhabited by germs, and Improperly cared for teeth causes millions of cases of sickness.
Doctors and Dentists are today
Working hand in hand for the
correction of Diseases caused
by neglect of the Teeth.
T IS a fact, as many life
insurance companies are
now finding out, that teeth i
talk. To one who understands their lnnguage they
tell things about their owner—things that cun bo
discovered   in   no   other
What Bad Teeth CAN DO TO YOU
IN INFECTED GUMS,in the decomposing food particles lodged between the teeth, in the hollows of decayed teeth or under improperly
filled bridges ure located foci for the development of stomatitis, catarrh, tonBilitis, sinus abscesses, "gumboils"; for goter and glandular
conditions; for tuberculosis, diptheria, smallpox, whooping cough, measles hnve not the slightest hesitation about
and chicken poxj for acute and chronic rheumatism; for eye and ear wearing hnnd-medown dentistry. This
trouble; for epilepsy and heart disease; for kidney nnd liver disease is  all the morg remarkable  when wo
and hnrdened arteries.—Dr. Edwin 8. Bowers. remember that in the    flrst   instance
they merely lost a little cheap social
prestige, while in the aecond they may
lose their health, or even their valu-
Eye and ear trouble—some of them adenoids, and by the brain impoverish-  "Dle "ves*.
People must be brought to a realization of the great riak they
run by allowing infected or decaying teeth to endanger life.
way. And the beauty of it of a most grave and pninfnl nature— ment that such pathological conditions
is that frequently they tell theso things have their beginnings in a little pock* and deformities bring about. T*1*! above facts ond comments have
before anything else does, nnd at a et of dub on the root of a tooth, whose Also those who ore subjected to oeen given to the people of North
time when the condition may be either potentiality for mischief may never "colds" and "sore throats" would do Americu by Dr. Bowers who for a Humoured or corrected. have been even suspected.   And neu* -well to place themselves in the hands De' °* vear8 *ias Been considered one
It may seem quite absurd and very ralgiaa, headaches, uremia and chronic of a scientifically trained dentist nnd of the lending medical doctors of   tho
farfetched to insist that bad teeth havo nerve irritations that  have   doggedly have every part of their dental struc* United  States,  and therefore is    oc*
a pernicious effect upon good health, resisted all attotapts to oust them from ture -paced in the best possible condi* eeptcd by all men of scientific treat*
Tet it has been proved beyond the the   promises   have   repeatedly   been tion. ment of diseases    and    thoir various
lhadow of a doabt-thnt they are at the traced to poiBoned teeth.                          The mnjority of doctors, unfortunate- «»nses as being authentic.   Dr. A. M.
bottom of millions of cases of sickness     Poor teoth lend to food bolting, dys- ly, do not yet know much nbout the L°w***    Dentist,    108 Hastings street
and are the actual cause ol scores of pepsia, malnutrition, nnnemia and  the teeth—except as causes for toothache west, Vancouvor, has for a number of
thousands of deaths. other diseases resulting from the   nb- ond fncinl neuralgia. years, been practising dentistry in this
Por the mouth with its twenty to sorption of tho toxins of fermenting     it seemed ridiculous, for instnnce, to city—nnd in his imtnenBo practice has
thirty squnro inches of dentate surface food.                                                      assert  that an inflammation   of   the corrected n largo number of obstinate
is a veritable hotbed for the develop-     The brooking down of the nlbumin* henrt that might leave that organ bnd- cases of disease thut twenty yenrs ago
ment of germs—many of them tho most ous elements in the food nnd tho tnk* ly crippled during tho much shortened would hnve been considered enscs only
.vlrulont that prey on mon. ing up of those products from the in- Hfc „f its owner could be cnused by f°r ■» medical practitioner.   Success hns
Indeed, ao eminent on authority oi testines into the blood stream causes bud teeth. been achieved by Dr. l.owo bocnuso ho
Dr. Osier has declared that more dis- autointoxication—ono of the  chief  if     Or that an acute nnd perhaps fatal has at all times kept abreast of the
eases are brought about by decayed not the principal causative factor in ar*  disease of tho kidneys or liver could times in thc mattor of new scientific
ud neglected teoth than by the exces* terio-sclorosii and early old a(je.    In  nave been prevented if tho patient hnd treatments nnd    the    most up-to-date
live uie of alcoholic liquors—and thia addition, food bolting standi in loco been invited to have a piec^of bridge's saying much. parontii to more than 40 per cent, of work removed and replai
In the putrescence of Infected gums, appendix operation!—operations which gienic "job."
ll laying much. * parentis to more than 40 per cent, of work removed and replaced by a hy
"n the putrescence of Infected gums, appendix operations—operations which gienic "job."
In   the   decompiling   food   partijlei would never havo been^ necessary^ if     Yet that close-fitting "bridge
lodged between the teeth or in the hoi; failure properly to. chew the food hod hnv)) furniBhed 8heUe» (or £tin cof
lows of carious teeth are located foci not made them necessary.
equipment for his laboratories. Then
thero has always beon* tho satisfaction
on thc pnrt of Dr. Lowe's patients that
when tho work wob. done, it was per-
manent—that only tho very bost ma*
mtaam wem necessary. ,      f             wU h          Bwallowed J0™1" !™>wh *o dental science had en*
or starting point! for the development     Alio it is believed that innumerable ift ev «  __t_t_ of food or dri„k terod   into   tho   construction   of * the
of stomatitis, ohronio catarhh, toniil- cauiei of epilepiy have been traced to tn Jh'  work •>   de8trovine   and bridge that was "built to fit "—the
itii, linui abceiiei, "gjmboili"   tnd nerve irritation brought about by car- flltcri„. out of the 8y8tcin these germs m_ °v" *he .tootl1 _" °?1'r P>»t then
many glandular conditions; of tuberou- ioue teeth. ■ In any event, it is oignifl- d t_   ,   (     b   J      ,          « f when all foreign or decaying parts had
■•'•'•■            "            '    •■'-- --*"-* ""■ --ova   of these badly ff, Zt,alE M ^
IobIb,   diptheria,   smallpox,   whooping «*">t that the removal
the neutralizing and elirninnting pow*
cough, measles and   German   mealies, decayed teoth removed epilepsy.   It is ers   f ft   ,.   «     d th   kidney8 * checked, but cured.   These are the eir-
and chickenpox; of acute and chronio only fair to Btate however, that these A,B0 ...           most f     ,f , n_ h enmstances   connected   with   the   up*
rheumatism and most painful and ler- were cases of   hystero-epilcpsy,   and th a   , t7M80rt thnt crippii„g ffi bu!ld"f   ?£   *«   wonderful   practice
ious   joint   troubles;    gf "heart die were not of tfie true "grand mal" „ffBC,ion8_8uch a8 rheumatoid arthri* Wp?   by ,?''. Lo?Va   P,rac.til!°
ease "-produced by thfformatioa of type. „, or defotai„g rh(ramati8m, or those e,?ct?*   <ra   "">   fTdatl0!1 „,°*L *„"'
■car tissue on the valvoa of the heart, But when the permanent tooth, es- tcrrib,   p„infulBotlo(,k8 of neitc articu- *«!<-ntific research, then scientific ap-
or by inflammation of iti lining mem* peeiBlly the olx-year toolars-the pilars ,     rboumatism, could   be   caused by P1-*-"''****  with    tho    result that  Dr.
' -       " -' Bt «»« *»*»> arc-1-l.appon to be lost     6 •  b   ft     b      t,      Jf Lowe's practice is built on the ashng
early in life, very grave results follow. t£   *,%__._ fornfe(f in that soft spongi* foundation of thousands of poople who
terribly painful attacks
brane; of kidney nnd liver disease, and of the dontol arch—happen
of hardoned arteries. early in life, very grave rosv....—«■■* the products fornfed in thnt soft Bpongi* , .           ,,     ,                  - ,,-..„ „f
Indeed, it  has   beon   demonstrated Thero may bo gross changes   in   tho ** y , BUoh *8 fte cn8e         " today would welcome an opportunity of
that almost everv norm of a general shape of tho dental arches, due to the . telling suffering humanity of the satis*
intotiou, nature can be found Tn the contraction of these arches which con* There is,    however,    more    'team" furtory wny ,» whieh Dr. Lowo httd
racks and crannies   of  un,unitnrl*ed traotlon alters the entire aspect of the work between doc tors an dde ntistst^n mi   n di80ld      of the entire sys,
teeth  nntientlv waiting and wntchliite face nnd abnormnlly   composes   tho |**?r<- n80" ™ ■»■   *or the uonUst is tom Blmply by extracting   teoth   and
for a chMco to jump wt and' pounce tissues.   This facilitates the growth of h«ng recognized as a medical man- root8 ,thnt w/r0 beyond human power
unon on insXion ^protected   or f«- -"-enoidB nnd causes mouth breathing, jus  us is un orthopedist an oculist, un t0         ir nnd b    tretttj„g   bridging,
C-wcaken™! organism which still further.fnvors the growth aur.it or a .urgcon.   And he has well crow„ing „„d ln.*|j w„, relieving not
TJ*  Wllffi, SerSd clnims that of tho low-grade tissue that obstructs «»™ed the r.gEt.     For hi. contr.bu* ony thebpnill of „ t0„th „mt right,"
in an SpSefXhuVrtd™of pa- tho lymphatic circulation of thc brain ions to pathology have been enormous* ^t actually saving his patients from
tlcnts ho has nover yet seen a caso of nnd prevents this organ from receiving ly ™"m"   ,, .    ., ,     .        '-_    _,., poiBible long period! of wasting   dis-
eoiter in which thero wns not original* its proper supply of nutntivo material. Yet not all dentistry is good.   Ill-fit* ease which would possibly havo follow*
Iv some infection from a necrotic tooth Thoso so afflicted become forgetful, in- ting crowns, badly constructed bridge- od further neglect of the teeth,
rulo or from tho pus pockets of gums attontive and stupid, and utterly lack work, leaky, overhanging fillings and Call at Dr. Lowe's offlce   108 Has*
affected bv Ride's disease the power of concentration. slovenly dentistry in general may bo tings street west and give him nn op*
Thousnnds of dvsnentics   are   made     It is no mild fantasy of an alarmist in itBelf a grave source    of   danger, portnnity of advising you what will bo
so and kcot so bv nothinir more dignl- here to point out that not a few   of Cheap dental work is very expensive, necessary to make your teeth what they
fled or unwarranted than tho constant thoae who develop thii condition ulti* and bad dontnl work is very bnd, in- ought to be—o service to you nnd   a
swulliiwine of mis from decaying teoth mntely "wind up1' in an asylum.   For doed.   Economy in dressing thc teeth lasting benefit to yoar health,
nnd inims  while mnnv cnseB of ulcer conservative  medical  authorities now is a vice.    Tet it is passing strange In order to avoid delny   you   may
of the stomnch or oven of cancer, have declare that more than one-third of all that hien nnd women who would much telephone Dr. Lowe nt Seymour 5444,
their origin in the same unnecessary the idots and insnne are made so by rather bc shot nt sunrise    tlim,    I ,.,i  «,.,.,„ ;„.m,.,,t   nmm...
canBe      ° contracted, doformod dental arches, by forced to wear a hand-mi
Vanctjiiver has lost its senior ne\vs-
[iti_iet. Thin fact is to be regretted,
inasmuch as it means thc passing of a
real pioneer institution, sever having
missed an issue in over 30 years. The
News-Advertiser, when uadcr the managing-editorship of Hon. F. Cartefc-Cot-,
ton, had the distinction of being the
most reliable journal in British Columbia. His policy was to publish the
news without any coloring or "playing
it up," aa it were. If the editor had
any comment to make, he mado it
through the editorial columns. Of
course. thiB is called nowadays "moss-
back'' journalism, though the writer
holds it to be thc correct method. Another distinction the News-Advertiser
had was its voluminous reports of the
proceedings of the provincial legislature—so m-jch so that it was nicknamed
the "HanBard of B. C." On the eve
of the land boom (in 1910), tho paper
was purchased by J. 8. H. Matson of
Victoria, who was proprietor of the
Colonist of that city—as well as the
Nanaimo Herald. Then thc policy of
the News-Advertiser was changed, and
took on- a new life. Although alwayB
conservative in politics, it became moro
so than ever—for it imported an editor
from 'way back east. The tone of its
editorials were of the old Bchool of
Toryism, brimming over with Sir John
A. Macdonald's "national policy," and
wherever it was possible to givo the
news a political coloring, it did so.
Something quite different from thc old
times. The News-Advertiser became n
real orthodox Tory publication. So
long as the Conservative party waB in
power at Victoria it got a lion's share
of government '' pap.'' But when this
was cut off, it was placed in circumstances where it must sooner or later,
give up the ghost*. And British Columbia, being democratic nnd opposed to
Toryism, coupled with that of hard
times, the News-Advertiser lacked sufficient support. No publication can exist
on wind alone. Hence thc dissolution
of the News-Advertiser.
It may be of some interest to review
tfce early history of the News-Advertiser. On May 8, 1S8G, the Advertiser
made its bow to the public, owned and
managed by John Hay, with "Billy"
Macdougall as editor and reporter. The
.office was on Powell street, opposite to
where the Europe hotel now stands in
the triangle made by the C. P. B.
tracks. The Btaff comprised: John Hay,
ownor-mnnnger-pressrnan; J. J. Ban-
dolph, foreman; "Jerry" Maxwell, W.
E. Peck, W. B. Miller, Cal. Phillips, E.
K. Sargison, printers. "Everything was
lost in the Are.
The Morning News appeared bb a
daily June 1, 188(1. Harfcnoss & Boss,
publishers. W. Bogers and Percy Whitworth, printers. Tne office was situated
on the west Bide of Abbott street, between Water and Cordova stroet. After
the fire, the News was printed in the
Columbian office, New Westminster, and
brought over to Vnncouver by Charles
Queen's stage. The partnership wns
dissolved, and thc News resumed publication in a small one-storey building,
about where the Manitoba hotel now
stands on Cordova street.
The News and Advertiser amalgamated in the spring of 1887, T. L. Carter-
Cotton becoming proprietor. After
consolidation, the office of the new
News-Advertiser was on Cambie street
(now rear Dominion building). In
1890 it removed to northeast corner of
Pender and Cambie streets. In 1907
it removed to northwest corner of Pender and Hamilton streets.
Among the pioneers of the staff were:
J. Kerr, R. G. Gosnell, W. A. Calhoun,
Col. Wornsnop, J. Powell, 0. F. Pound,
sr., D. Jnhiioson, J. Wright, Harry
Dodds, Bobt. Holloway, Geo. Bartley,
Nicola Schou, ThoB. Spink, W. S. Armstrong, J. A. Clark, W. M. Waters, W.
G. Gallagher, (superintendent), W. A.
Pound, (ex-reeve of South Vancouver),
and others.
In April, 1910, the News-Advertiser
changed hands, J. S. H. Matson purchasing same. John Nelson became
manager, and S. D. Scott editor. Later
A. Linehanr wns nppointed mnnager,
whose succobsot was P. J. Salter. The
plant was removed to Pender street,
(its present location), opposite tho
World building. It may be said in
passing, that the News-Advertiser was
thc first in tho world to use eloctric
power in a printing office
That Special Edition.
John Warren, the veteran news and
job press specialist of Western Canada,
arrived in Vancouver in 1889. He had
heard of the proposed new Btreet car
system for this city, which was to have
been horse cars. He wandered around
the streots a bit.   Seeing the "new"
[By Rev. Charles Stelzle]
Whon troubles come in the labor
world they are usually charged up to
the busineBB agent—"the walking delegate," as he is called. But when
everything is moving finely all the
crodit is given to the "good sense of
the workingmen" —and the bosses.
The business agent is the "scapegoat" of the labor movement. Peoples
do not call him that, of course, but,
nevertheless, aB in the days of the wanderings of the Israelites in the wilderness all the sins of others are heaped
upon him and he is sent out to square
himself as best he can.
But the business agent ia no fool. If
he were, he wouldn't be on the job—
that is, he wouldn't be tbere very long.
But there are W good many people who
are all \m time trying to have him
make a fool of himself. For example,
thore is the man withoutv conscience
who tries to bribo him either bofore or
during a strike. Now, a big roll of
bills must look mighty tempting to a
fellow who never in nil his life saw bo
much money at one time. It is a fine
thing that very few business agents
givo wny to temptation—although it is
commonly supposed that every business
agent is a crook.
Then there is thnt class of men which
is trying to mnko a fool of the business agent by thinking that be should
nlwnys be a "good fellow." Ho is expected to "set them up" for the boyB
and he is counted a cheap skate if ho
doosn't. Meanwhile—it is quite forgotten that he has a family of his own
to^support nnd that he usually gets no
more in the form of salary than the
nvernge trnde union member in tho
Bnme craft is receiving. Why Bhould
the business agent be looked upon as a
sort of an easy mark, simply because
his salary is paid by other trade unionists.
If the business agent is doing half
of what thc memben of the union expect of him, he is doing twice aa much
aB he ought, when it comes to a question of earning his salary. Not every
business ngent earns his salary. Some
of them are costly evon though the
union paid them no salary at all. But
if a business agent is making good fifty-two weeks in th'e year—for, of
course he isn't expected to tnke a vacation—in a quiet, businesslike way,
keeping the men at work rnther than
constantly, calling them out on strike
instead of using his brain-power to settle the difficulty without a resort to
warfare—if he's doing this, he is a
pretty good sort of man to keep on the
job.     *
When thc time comes to call a Btrike
—and there will come such occasions—
he' will be in a much better position
to win, because he has not exhausted
his power to call the men out, weakening his forces through petty strife—
just because it was the easiest way out.
It doesn't require much brain-power
to command men to quit their jobs.
Anybody can issue a strike order, providing that he has the authority. It
requires a whole lot more in the way
of genuine ability to keep men on their
jobs and still have them receive all that
a strike could possibly win for them.
If war is hell, then Btrikes aro "purgatory." But if men must strike, let's
ai least give them decent arguments
for doing so and then stand by them
until tbey win out. And if they lose,
let's stand by the right kind of a business agent, for he's dono the best he
knew how. If he never makes mistakes,
he is more than human—and that kind
of an individual wouldn't make a good
business agent anyway.
News-Advertiser building, he mistook it
for the street car stables. On enquiry
he found it was the spot he was looking for. Geo. Poand, sr., the pressman,
was there, wrestling with the 1888
Christmas number of the News-Advertiser. This was in the month of February. The Christmas edition wbb still
in press. Coal oil lamps were used to
keep the presses warm. F. L. Carter-
Cotton never attempted another special
Hotel Canada
518 Blchudi Street
(Near Labor Ttmplt)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
Delivered to and from All
Trains, Boati, Hotela and
In Padded Vans by experts
Phone us day or night
Seymour 404, 405
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Union Station
I. Edmrd Snn     oan: s.y. uie
B.rriilm, Solicit.il, Cuujuuri, Etc.
Victor!* And VanooQTor
Vueoonr Offlo: 616*7 Roger. Bldi.
Later Temple Ptmi    Bey, AAW
A clever man said that when
people speak of "habits" they refer to bad hablta only. As a matter of fact habits are both good
and bnd. Personal progress la
largely a matter of good habits,
Reading "The Public" Is a habit
which thousands of alert minds
practice. Why not cultivate this
Invigorating  habit   yourself?
Refcmee**" Lincoln Steffens,
Brand Whltlock, Judge Ben B.
Lindsay, Ray Stannard Baker,
and you—after you have tried It.
latroductorr Offert Three
booklets on the Slngletax and 10
Issues of "The Public" only 25c.
Tke Public
139 flI0( 87th Street  IT. T. City ■-M-MaHMNpi
FBIDAY. September 7, 1917
first end third Thursdaya. Executive
bQird; Junes H. McVety, president; Fred A
Hoover, vice-president; victor R. Mldgley,
general secretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, statist!*
elan; aergeaflt-at-arms, Oeorge Harrison: A
J. Crawford. Jas, Campbell, F. Heigh, tmi-
Meets  second  Monday  in  tbe  montb
President,  Oeo, Bartley:   iecretary,  R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 68. : ,
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Office,
Room 308 Labor Temple. Meets oral
Sanday of each month. President, James
Campbell; flnanolal aeeretary, J. Smith, 610
Holden Bldg.; Box 424; phone Sey. 2672;
recording secretary, Wm. Uottlshew, Globe
Hotel, Main street. -
ol Union of America, Looal No. 120—;
Meets 2nd and 4th Ta-ssdeys in the month.
Room 205 Labor Temple. President, L. E
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 1871 Alberni
Meet 2nd and 4th Wednesdays, 8 p.m.,
Room 807. Preaident, Chas. F. Smith; cor
responding aeoretary, W. B. Dagnall, Box 68;
flnanclal secretary, W. J, Pipes.       	
BREWERY WORKERS. L. U. No. 881,1. D.
U. B." W. of A.—Meets flrst and third
Wednesday of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, F. Graham; socretary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourth
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. lfls—MeeU
•very Monday, 8 p.m. President, A'. Cams*
bell, 220—2nd Street business agent, J. H.
Oarmlchael, room 212, Labor Temple.
620. Meets every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, D, Hodges; vice-president, P. Chapman; seoretary-treasurer,
W. A, Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7496.	
Paelfle—Meets at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday, 7 p-m.   Russell Kearley. bulnaw
—Meets In Room 206, Labor Temple
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. Me
Dougall, 1163 Powell street; reeordlng seeretary, John Murdock. Labor Temple; flnanolal
aeeretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 88*62—Offlce and hall,
804 Pender street east. Meets every Thursday 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer. F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Gordon Kelly.
I. L. A., LOOAL 88-62 AUXILIARY— (Marine Warehousemen and Freight Handlers)
headquarters, 488 Howe atreet. Meets first
and third Wednesday, 8 p.m. Secretary and
business agent, E. Winch.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m.    President,   Wm.  Small;   reeordlng seeretary,  J.
Brooks:  financial secretary, J. H. MoVety,
211 Labor Temple.   Seymour 7486.
tors' Union, Local 848, I. A. T, B. E. •
M, P. M. 0.—Meets flrat Bunday of eacl
montb, Room 204, Labor Temple, Prealdenl
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh,
financial and corresponding seoretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Box 845,
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meets second aad foarth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple, President, Ray
MeDougall, 1028 Grant street; financial aeoretary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venables atreet; re*
cording socretary, E. Westmoreland, 3247 Pt.
Orey road.    Phono Bayvlew 2870L.
i 188—Meeta second and fourth Thursdays
of each month, room 803, Labor Temple.
President, H. Pink; vice-president, R.
Spring; flnanolal aeeretary, G. H. Weston;
recording secretary, D. Lemon, room 808,
Labor Temple. '
Meots In Labor Temple every first and
third Tuesdays. 8:15 p.m. President, Chas.
D. Bruce, 1022 McLean drive; secretary-
treasurer, Archibald P. Glen, 1078 Melville
street, pbone Sey. 6846R.
—Meets aecond and fourth Fridays of each
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. President, C.
Soams; reeordlng aeeretary, W, Hardy, 446
23rd street west, North Vancouver; flnanolal
aeeretary, S. Phelps.
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and foarth Wedneadaya at 8 p.m. President, J. Hobble;
vice-president, E. S. Cleveland; reeordlng see.
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2581 Trinity atreet,
phone Highland 168R; financial seeretary ana
business agent, Fred A Hoover, 3409 Clark
drive, office eorner Prior aad Mala streets.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Presl-
dent, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, W.
Larsen; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 608; finanoial seeretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 608.
last Sunday of eaeh month at 2 p.m.
President, W. S. Armstrong; vice-president,
R. G. Marshall; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelanda, P. O. Box 60.
Ask  fer Labor  Tsmple   'Phone  Exchange,
Seymour   7486   (unless   otherwise   stated),
Boilermakers—J. H. Oarmlchael, Room 212,
Labor Temple.
Bridge and Structural Iron Workers—Roy
Massecar, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 817—Walter
Thomas, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No, 2647—F. L.
Barratt, Room 208.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
.   207.    Sey. 8510.
•Cooks and Walters—A. Graham, Room 804,
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear*
ley, 487 Gore avenue. Office phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Fairmont 1635X.
Longshoremen's Association—Gordon J.
Kelly, 804 Pender street west; phone Sey.
1, L. A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, 488 Howe
stroet.    Phone Sey   6359.
Musicians—E. A. Jamleson, Room 306.
Painters—H. Grand, Room 803.
file Drivers and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 206%. Sey,
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 218 Hastings itreet
west.   Sey. 8708.
Shipbuilders' Laborers—W. Hardy, Labor
Steam and Operating Englneera —W. A
Alexander, Room 216.
Street Railway Employeea—Fred A. Hoover;
cor, Main and Prior. Pbone exchange
Seymour 5000. Residence, Fairmont 641R.
Teamsters—H. J. Petrie, Jr., Room 210.
Trades \nd Labor Council—Victor R, Mldgley. Room 310.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands, Room 300.
Pattern Makers—H. T. Nightscales, Room
212 Labor Templo.
ADA—Meeta ln eonvention September of
eaeh year.  Exeoutlve board: ta. 0. Watten,
president; vice-presidents: A. Watchman, Victoria, B. 0.; Jonrea Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg. Man.; secretary, treasurer, P. H. Draper, Drawer 615, Ot-
tawa, Ont.
Pleue remember that ao letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals are made.
The address label oa your
paper carries the date to which
your subscription Is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
offloe, the eorrect change in
your label date la not made,
notify ua at onee. When you
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
aend It to this offlce—not to
the other fellow. Thus you
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple,
Timiw, B. 0.
Barber.—Cranbrook—A. H.  Bollock,  Oran*
brook, B. 0.
Blaok.mlthi—Revelstoke--Jaa. If. Goble, 7.
M. 0. A. Box, ReveUtoke, B. 0.
Brewery  Workon—Vancouver—M.  0.  Am*
tin, 782 7tb avenne eaat, Vaneoaver, B. 0.
Barber.—Viotorla—G. W. Wood, ltOT Gov
lent .treet, Victoria, B. 0.
Boiler Hakero—Victoria, A. Stewart, P. 0.
Box 48, Beaumont, P. 0., B. 0.
Bookbinder,—Victoria — E.    Sturgeon,    141
Eberte atreet, Victoria, B. 0.
Bookbinders1—Vancouver—W.  H.  Cowderajr,
85 34th avenue east, Vanconver, B. 0.
Brewery   Workera—New* TVe.tmln.ter—Ju.
A. Munday, 884 Colombia Btreet east, New
Westmlnater, B. 0.
Brewery Workers—Victoria—P. V. Moulton,
Labor Temple, Victoria.
Boiler Makers—Revelstoke—G. W. Edwards.
0. Box 188, ReveUtoke, B. 0.
B. Carpenters— Victoria —Seoretary,
Labor HaU, Victoria, B. 0. ;
S. U. B; Carpenters—Victoria—J. Ley.
?. 0. Box 770, Victoria, B. 0. ''
B.Csrpontera—Prince Ruport—P. Salter
P. 0. Box 894, Prinoe Bnpirl, B. 6.
B. Carpenters—Nelson-fiobt. Jardine, P.
). Box 1006, Nelson, B. 0.
B. Carpenters—Nelson—-G. Freer, p. o
Box 864, Nelson, B. C.
B. Carpenters—Trail—P. CanneU, Trail,
*i. v.
Cigarmakers—Vancouver—R, H. Craix. 418
Georgia .met west, Vaneonver, B. b.
Civic Employees—G. Harrison, 1488 IKtchen-
er street.
Electrical Workera—Vancouver—E. H. Mor*
rlaon, Labor Temple, Vanoouver, B. C.
Electrical Worker.—Prince Bopert—S. Mas*
■aa? a* saw'' ** m
rw. ttbVi.'omv888"'"'' »■
Garment   Workere—Vancouver—Mrs.   Helen
Jardlne, Labor Temple.      -
Laborera—Victoria-T. Llddard, 1088 Queens
Letter Carriers—Victoria—0. Siverts,  1978
Denman atreet. Victoria, B. 0.
Longrtoremen—Victoria—Frank  Varney.  P.
. 0, Box 1815, Victoria, B. 0. '' '
LohgBhoromen *-■- Vancouvor—P.    Chapman,
Ponder street eaat, Vancouver, B. a.
Longsboremen—Prlnee Rupert—P. Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 581, Prinae Bupert, B. 0.
*nV . F1**?!. Operators—Vancouvor—H.
C. Roddan, 8547 MoKenalo street, Vanco*
ver, a, c.
Machinists—Vanconver—J. h, MoVety, Labor
Tomple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Machinists—Now Westminster—J. M. Helll-
sen, 711 Fourth avenue.
Machinists—Rovelstoke—Pbll. Parkor, Bevelstoke.
""binlsts—Cranbrook—W. Henderson, P. 0.
M»Mnl"J—Viotorla-R.  H.  Scholes,   8720
- Firth street.
Moulders—Victoria—J. Dakers, P. 0. Box
Moulders—Vaneonver—W. *H. Cooke, 551
Sixth avenne east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Painters—VIctorla*-J. Beckett, Labor HaU,
Paper Maker.—Powell River—J. E. Mc
Srath, Powell River, B. 0.
Pattern Maker.—Victoria—Geo. T. Murray.
1141 Oscar .treet, Vlotoria, B. 0.
Pattern Maker.—Vanconver—E. Westmoreland, 1612 Tew street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Plumbers—Vancouver—H. Mnndell, P. 0. Box
1131, Vancouver, B. C.
Wotorf-b'C 0r',—J" F<™' Ui" T"npIe'
Rotall Cle'rks^-Prlnce Rupert—SecreUry, J.
M. Jones. P. 0, Box 1840.
.•..B?Uw."' "amen—Vlooria—E. Polling,
316 Jessie street, Vlotoria.
Bro.    Railway    Carmen—ReveUtoke—Harry
Panons, Revelstoke, B. 0.
Bro   Railway Carmen—NeUon—C. H.  Phil
«P». _ 0. Box 008, NeUon, B. 0.
Shf,et   >'e';'w»'ker.—Victoria—O.   Kreh-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenue, Viotorla, B.O.
Steam and Operating Engineers—W. A. Alex
ander, Room 218, Labor Temple.
Steam Engineers—Victoria—J. Aimer, P. 0.
Box 02, Viotorla. B. 0. '
■"""n Engineers—Prince Rupert—Secretary,
P. W. Chandler, P. 0. Box 720.
Stage Employees—Victoria—L. D. Foxgord,
1880 Grant street.
Street Railway Employeea—Victoria—R. A.
0. Dower, 1287 Johnson stroet, Victoria,
o. C.
Stroot   Railway   Employees—New   Westminster—006 London street,  Now Westminster, B, C.
Teamsters'   Union—Rossland—Seoretary,   S.
Morrlsh, P. 0. Box 663.
Teamilers'  Union—Fernie—E. Patereon, P,
0. Box 681, Fernie. B. 0.
Trade,  and  Labor  Council—Vancouver—V.
R. Mldgloy, Labor Temple, Vsncouver.
Trade, and Labor Council—Victoria—B. 81m.
mons, P. 0. Box 302, Victoria, B. 0.
Trades    Connell — Ifcw    Weitminster—W.
Tates, 006 London street, New Westminster. B. 0.
Tailors—Victoria—E. 0. Christopher, P. 0.
Box 887. Vlctoris, B. 0.
Tile Layers—Victoria—T. King, P. 0. Box
1212, Vlotoria, B. 0.
Typographical Union—Prince Rnpert—A. 0.
Franks, P. 0. Box 1021, Prince Rupert,
B. fl "
Typographical  Onion—Vernon—W.  B.  HU*
Hard, Vernon, B, 0.
Trade.   Council — Prlnee   Rupert —W.   E.
Thomp.on, P. 0. Box 158, Prince Rupert,
United Mine Workors—J. Naylor, Box 880,
Cumberland, B. 0.
United Mlno Workera—H. Beard, Michel, B.
United Mine Workers—Thos. Prsnoe, Drawer
829, Fernie, B. C. •
United Mine Workers—A. McLellan, Nanal-
nT'.?i.0*'J1*'f|e Pel "'ne.
United Mlno Workera—-Geo. Gold, Ladyamlth,
B. 0.
United Mine Workers—A. Dean, P. 0, Box
768, Nanaimo. B, 0.
United    Mine   Workers — Jamea    Bateman.
South Wellington, B, 0.
United Mlno Workers—Brnnno Kaarro. Boln
tula. B. 0.
Metalliferous Miners and Smelter Workers'
W. B. Meljaac, P. 0. Box 506. Tmlr, B. 0.
W A. Mowlds. P. 0. Box 27, Stewart. B.O.
Albert Goodwin, P. 0. Box 26, Trail. B. 0.
P. J. McKinnon, VanAnda, B. 0.
H. McKensle, Box K, Sandon, B. C.
F. Lelbscher, Silverton, B, 0.
W. Smith. P. 0. Box 804, Phoenix, B. 0.
G. C. Marshall. P. 0. Box 481, Rossland,
B. 0.
. Roy Bureh, Moyle, B. 0.
D. Wiseman, Kimberley, B. 0.
W. Grlevea, P. 0. Box 875, Hedley, B. 0.
Marcos Martin, P. 0.  Box 106,  Nelson
B. C.
W. Lakeland, P. 0. Box 194, Greenwood,
B. 0
Preaident—Samuel Oompers  Washington, D.
Ci Clgarmaken International union.
Pint vioe-pre.idont—Jamea Duncan, Qulnoy,
Macs.;    Granite    Colter.'    International
Second vlce-preeldent—James O'Connell,  of
Washington, D. 0.; International Aaaoola*
tlon of Maehlnlkta.
Third vice-president—W. D. Mahon, Chicago,
III.. Street Bailway Employees' onion,
fourth   vice-president—Joseph  Valentine of
Cincinnati;    Molders'    nnlon    of   North
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'umbers.
Sixth   vice-president—H.   B.   Perham,    St
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphera.
Seventh vie.-president—Frank Duffy, India*
napolls; United Brotherhood of Carpenten.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Worken,
Treasurer—John   B.   Lennon,   Bloomlngton,
III.; Journeymen Tailor, of North America
Secretary—Fran : Morrison, Washington, D
C; International typographical union.
Ewry Uaion in B.C. <\_\___*
for TBS FBDBBATIONIST ln a body.
PAT FOR IT MONTHLY, quarterly or
yearly, at beat suits tbe wishes of tho
membenhlp. Submit a motion at next
meeting—and advise' Tba Federatlonist
of the* result.
S'Tl.W.T.cWtaHi- HteruGeee* «*™»LES
= n.SM.T..«dH.Fii«ir."5fc.r™n T 1 US
s'TttSkeAtuutatteiammi.-rtmSe I    1    Is
; .rilkfaS.il. Tup*.frie^weelriSc. S
I THE PUBLIC, 122 Eu 3M. Stmt, New Yo-k "
Of America Jc_x*
tOFT»HHT 1IUM MAUKWlimnttt ,.*»
Aak for this Label wkaa purchasing Beer,
Ale ar Farter, aa a guarantee thai lt U Union
Made. Tkla U ear Label
Former President of Trades and Labor
Council—Age 75 Tears,
The death took place on August 29
of e^-Alderman Towler of 1360 Sixth
avenue east. Ho waa one of the real
pioneers of Vancouver, having resided
hero continuously since 18S0. He was
born at Upwell, England, in February,
1842, and was married there to Miss
Elizabeth Winds. He was a bricklayer
by trade, and followed that occupation
for many years. Sinco coming to this
city, he nlwoys took a deep interest in
public affairs, and served in th* early
ninotioB for two years as aldernmn for
ward live. In 1895 he was an unsuccessful candidato for the mayoralty. In
the same year he became president of
the Trades and Labor council. Ho was
a prominent member of the Poultry and
Pet Stock association, and did much to
encourage poultry-raising ia this province. As an exhibitor of ^poultry he
was a decided success, always a heavy
Ho loovos, besides his widow, three
married daughters—two in Vnncouver,
and ono at Brad ner—also three sons—
Williatoi, Thomas M,, and Charles J.
Thomas M. is a soldier overseas in tho
great war. The other two reside hero.
Besides he leaves fourteen grand children, Thc late George Towler, a World
journalist, who died many years ago,
was a son of the doceascd ex-alderman.
Tho largely-attended funeral took
place on Saturday, September 1, at 2:30
p.m., and was held under the auspices
of Lodge Wilberforce, Sons of England, of which ho was a member for a
quarter of a century, from the funeral
parlors of Qrote & Co.'s, 232 Eingswav.
Interment in the family plot, Mountain
View cemetery. He made a peculiar
but nevertheless a sensible request that
no flowers be sont to his funeral, but
that anyone who felt so inclined, should
send thom to an invalid who could appreciate and enjoy thom.
If tho present war is fought by mon
now living, with tools, weapons and
other things now in existence, and the
armies fed and otherwise sustained by
the labor of the men and women immediately present, what sort of humbug is
all this talk of making tho futuro pay
any or all of the costf
Allied Printing Tridei Council—B. H. Nee-
ludg, Box 60.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, 1801 Seventh avenne
Bartenders—W. H. Smith, Box 434.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill, B.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowfioroy, 18SS Thirty-
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1151 Howe straet.
Boot* and Shoe Worken— Torn Corr, 189
Templeton drive.
Brewery Workers—A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1,
1738 Fourth Ave. West.
Bricklayers—William 8. Dagnall, Labor Templo.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Connell
—0. H. Page, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Harwood street. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. Q. Savage, 1285 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—
Brotherhood of Malntenance-of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 288 Clark drive.
Building Trades Couneil—Victor R. Mldgley,
Room 210. Labor Temple,
Cigarmakers—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory, Georgia Btreet.
City Firemen'a Union—8yd, Jackson, No. S
Fire Hall, Seymour street.
Civic Employees—G. Harrison, 1428 Kitchener street.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple,
Deep Sob Fishermen's Union—D. fi. Gill,
437 Goro avenue.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander. Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Worksrs—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Templt.
Hod Carriers and Building Laborera—Labor
Lathers—Thos. Anderson, 431 Seventh avonue east.
Letter Carriers—Rabt. Wight, 177—17th
avenne west.        '
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St.
Longshoremen's Auxiliary, No. 88*52—E.
Winch, 1218 Howe street.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Mnsicinns—E. J. Jamieson, Room 805, Labor
Molders—G. F. Nichols, 121 Sixth avenue
Moving Picture Operators—A. 0. Hansen, P.
0. Box 848.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 781
Beatty atreet.
Paintors—D. Lemon, Room 303, Labor
Plumbers—J. Hays, Room 200 M. Labor
Templo, Phone Seymour 8811.    .
Pile Drlvors and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides, P. 0. Box 820.
Pressmen—E. Waterman. 1187 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo Rnsh. 2278 Fourteen Ave.
west.    Bayvlew 2215L.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoreland,  R247 Point Grey road.
Retail Clerks' Association—A. P. Glen, 123
llth Ave. Weat.
Seamen's Union—W. 8. Barns, P, 0. Box
Structural Iron Workers—Roy Massecar,
Room 208, Labor Temple.
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 3120
Pender atreet eut.
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W. HardV, 445
23rd Street West, North Vancouver, B.O.
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—Chas. Feree,
05 Powell street.
Streot Railway Employeea—A. V. Lofting,
2581 Trinity street.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province.
Telegraphers—E.  R, Peppln, Box 849,
Tailors—H. Nordland. Box 508.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo. W. Allln.
Box Ttt. tr
TIMayera and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 540
Twenty-third avenne rait.
Trades and Labor Connell—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple,
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 86.
annual convention In January. Exeeutivr
offleera, 1917-18: President, J. Naylor, Bos
415, Cumberland: vies-presldenta—Vancouver: Jaa. H. MoVety, V. R. Midgley, Laboi
Temple. Viotorla; J. Taylor, Box 1815. Vancouver Island: W. Head, South Wellington
Prince Ruport: W. E. Thompson, Box 684
New Westminster: W. Yates, 806 London
street. Kootenay Dlatrlct: A, Goodwin. Boi
26, Trail. Orowa Nest Valley: W. B. Phil-
lips, 176 McPherson avenue. Secretary-
treasurer: A. 8. Wells, Box 1688, Victoria,
B. 0.
CIL—Meets   flrst  and   third  Wednesday,
Labor Hall,  1424 Govornment atreet, at 8
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1278 Den'
man street; secretary, B. Simmons, Box 802.
Victoria, B. Q.	
of Amorica,  looal  784,  New  Westminster
Meets second Sanday of each montb at 1*80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 406.
Council—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hall, President, 8. D. Maedonald; secretary, J, J.
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Bupert, B. 0.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 812, U. M. W. OF A.-
Meets second and fourth Sunday of saeh
month, at 8.30 p.m., Richards HaU, Preaident, Walter Head; vice-president, A. West-
ley; recording secretary, Jas. Bateman; flnanclal secretary, W. Macdonald; treasurer, J.
H.  Richardson.
(Continued from page 2)
He closed by advocating anti-conscription candidates being put forward by
the federation
Afternoon Session.
With tho resumption of debate Delegate Hicks moved that at least 200 replies favoring" a general striko should
be received before the executivo was
authorized to call it, but this was later
laid on the table on tho motion of
Delegate Midgley, tho general discussion proceeding meanwhile
Delegate Winch, voicing the opinion
that further debate could not accomplish anything, moved that apart altogether from tho proposal to leavo the
strike quostion with the executive,
that no general striko should be called
until n majority of the members of organized labor in the province voted in
favor of it.   This found no soconder.
Delegate Hicks returned to the discussion, contending that tho referondum
already taken proved that only a
minority of the labor unions favored a
strike. He declared his union had not
voted on it, but a fellow delegate from
tho same organization, the shipwrights,
declared that when tho matter was
doalt with Delegate Hicks had not been
present, and the referondum had been
given a six months' hoist.
The latter declaration brought Delegate Midgley to his feot with the remark that the shipwrights apparently
had no opinions, or did not like to1 voice
them, a rejoinder which brought general applause from the delegates. The
speaker declared the shipwrights wanted
the referenduta all over again with certain conditions attached to it to meet
their particular case. Delegate Yates
also criticised the shipwrights. He felt
they were trying to sidetrack the issuo.
Presidont Naylor who up to this
point had refrained from taking any
part in the discussion, then took the
floor. Ho declared that if, as head of
the federation, he had been ablo to arrango things to his satisfaction, thoro
would have been no convention. Tho
oxecutive would havo been called together, and a date set for the genoral
striko. Ho believed tho executive still
held that weapon, and would wield it
if necessary. Some workors wero getting good wages, and be feared that
had had somo offect on their opinions
with regard to tho "down tools'' issue,
but six months from then tho men now
opposing conscription might be found
the loudest in their demands for a
strike. Ho referred to the strikes of
the munition workers in Britain and
declared that tho promises of the Bor-
don govornment with respect to,exemptions were not roliablo. Ho informed
tho delegates that he was a member of
the socialist party of Canada, and intended to remain so, while at the same
time ho hoped that if the federation
ran candidates wisdom would prevail,
and tbat these candidates would not bo
found running in conflict with thoae of
the socialist party. The fight against
conscription must bo made a clear issue on which the working class could
Delegate Cassidy, of the stonework-
ers, favored "down tools," but did not
consider conditions favorable for a
striko. He would agrco to the proposal
if industrial conscription were attempted. He did not think tho executive
themselves had n clear conception of
whnt they wished to do. Replying to
this the president said that in view of
changing conditions tho-executive could
not lay down any hard and fast policy,
but conditions might arise which would
cnuse tho workers to domand a general
At this point the vote on the strike
question was taken, Delegato Cassidy
declining to vote on the ground that
the executive had not mado their position clear to him. On motion the vote
was taken by roll cnll.
Tho motion that the recommendation
of thc executive with regard to placing
candidates in tho field at the coming
fedoral elections was then taken up.
An amendment that candidates be only
nominated in those constituencies where
the Socialist Party of Canada did not
nominate candidates was moved by Delegates Hall and Harty.
Delegate Macdonald, Vancouver ask
ed if the executivo had approached the
socialists with regard to this point.
Vice-president McVety, who was occupying the chair at this time, snid that
two members of the executivo had informally discussed tho matter with certain members of the socialist party executivo, and had gathered tho impression that the party would not be disposed to co-operate in the matter of
Delegate Goodwin declared that the
socialist party wns uncompromising.
Some candidates of the federation
might bo opposed to conscription, but
not othorwiso fnvorablo to the socialists.
Delegato Macdonald informed tho
convention that Mr. Pritchard, secretary of tho socialist party, was in the
hull, and suggested that ho should be
given the floor to explain the viows
of the pnrty on this point.
A motion that Mr. Pritchard be given
the floor was carried unanimously, but
it was subsequently discoverod that he
was not in the hall. The amendment
was thon put, and resulted in a tie
vote, Delegate McVety declaring the
amendment lost on his ensting vote.
The recommendation of the executive wns then put and passed unanimously, that, the federation should tako
steps to place anti-conscription candidates in the field at the coming federal
The question of tho nominating con-
'ventions tjicn boing taken up, Delegato
Winch moved tbat all candidates should
bo socialists, or have carried a trado
union card at loast 24 months! and
worked at thoir trado one month prior
to nomination. This was opposed by
delcgutes Midgley, Wolls and Corey, it
being pointed out that such a motion,
if passed, would debar many trade
•union officials from standing ns possible nominees. Following this tho
recommondation of tho executive bearing on tbis point was adopted.
With theso decisions made, resulting
in tho report of tho executive being
adopted in its entirety, tho main business on thc agenda of tho convention
was declared completed.
Delegate Cassidy then moved that
tho convention go on record ns being
in favor of peace in Europo without
annexations or indemnities The motion
was laid on the tablo until tho next
A suggestion by Delegate Winch that
tho provincial government be asked to
got tho now department of labor into
working order, was referred to tho
Tho question of a campaign fund for
financing tho nominations of candidates
was briefly discussed. Dolegate Wells
pointed out that tho membership of
tbe federation could not be aiseased for
this purposo, and it wai decided that
the funds would bo raised by voluntary subscription.
Delegate Corey raised the question of
the Canadian patriotic fund, and tbe
methods by which it was collected and
administered. He pointed out that the
Vancouver Trados and Labor Council
recently decided to ask the dominion
government to take over and administer the fund, and failing which the
couneil had decided to advise its affiliated members to withdraw their support from tho fund aftor December 17
next. He moved that this action be
endorsed. Delegate Wells moved in
amendment that tho government also
be asked to raise the amount of soldiers
pensions, and Delegate Corey agreeing
to this feature being incorporated in
his motion the action of the council was
Miss Helen Outterldge, the well-
known woman trado -unionist, being
present in tho convention as a visitor.
asked permission to address the delegates, a request which was cordially
agreed to. Miss Gutteridge reminded
the delegates that while they had discussed men and the war vory thoroughly they had not once mentioned women
and the war. She called their attention to the manner * in which women
were being organized in semi-military
and othor organizations under the head
of so-called patriots. There was behind
this, she said; a sinister purpose on the
part of employers to exploit women,
and men would find that after they
came baok from the war women were
in their jobs. They were being employed at lower wages, and it would result in lowering the economic standard
of men workers. Sho urged the delegates to see to it that women workera
were educated to the real meaning of
thiB menace.
President Naylor, in a brief speech,
brought the proceedings to a close. He
thanked the delegates for the expeditious and courteous manner in which
they had conducted the affairs of the
convention, and asked them to return
to their organizations with the intention of laying the seriousness of the
situation before their fellow members.
He also made an earnest plea for more
affiliations to the federation, especially
addressing himself to those organizations which, though not affiliated, had
been invited to send delegates to the
convention, so that the voice of organized labor from all parts of the province
and all sections of the working class
movement might be heard on the momentous questions which had come beforo the gathering.
British Columbia.
Cranbrook Tradea and Labor Council—Secretary. P. McKenna, Watt avenue.
Nelson Trades and Labor Council—P. Faserll,
Box 674.
New Westminster Trades and Labor Council
-^W. Yatea, fiox 1021.
Prince Rupert Tradea and Labor Council—
Geo. Waddell, Box 458.
Revelstoke Trades and Labor Council—Phil
Parker,  Box 234.
Trail Trades and Labor Council—S. Goy,
Box 2.
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Boom 210, Labor Temple.
Victoria Tradea and Labor Council—Ben
Simmons, Box 802.
Calgary Trades and Labor CouncU—J.   Z,
Young, 229 Eleventh Avenue-East.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor  Council—A.
Parmllo, Box 1408.
Lethbridge  Tradea  and  Labor Council—H,
Morris, 541—12th St. A.  Nth.
Medicine Hat Tradei and Labor Council,—
Jas. Mcintosh, 217—8th Ave. S. E.
Moose Jaw Tradea and Labor Council—B.
H. Chadwick, Bor 1817.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—R.
Heseltine, 3228 Riverside Ave.
Itcfflna Trades   and Labor  Council—C. W.
Walker, Labor Temple, Osier St.
Saskatoon Trades and Labor Counoll—Wm.
Snelgrove, Box 822.
Brandon Tradea and Labor Council—Secy.,
W. P. Dark, 464—7th St.
Transcona Trades and Labor Council—0. W.
Poster, Box 20.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Couneil—R. A
Rigg, M. P. P., Room 14, Labor Temple.
Brantford Tradea and Labor Council—A, G.
Brown,  R. R. Mo. 5.
Fort William Trades and Labor Council—&
P. Spaed, 610 N. Brodie Bt.
Guelph    Trades   and Labor CouncU—Thoi.
Hall, 80 Kathleen atreet.
Hamilton Trades and Labor Council—W. R.
Rollo, Box 828.
Kingston Trades and Labor Connell—W. J.
Driscoll, 112 Lo-vor Bagot street.
Kitchener   Tradea   and   Labor  Couneil—TJ.
Strub, Weber Apartments, Young St.
London  Trades  and  Labor  Council — Geo.
Wakellng. 296 ft Dundas Street.
Niagara Falls Trades and Labor Council —
Geo. W. Pay, 47 Huron St.
Ottawa Allied Trades and Ubor Association
—W. Lodge, 21 Creighton St. N. E.
Port Arthur Trades and Labor Couneil—A,
P.  Manchee,   116 Jean  St.
Peterborough Tradea and Labor CouncU—W.
M. Stevens, 806 Brock atreet.
Sault Ste Marie and  Steelton Trades Coun-
col—A. C. Bryson, Box 198, Steelton.
South   Waterloo   Trados   Council — A.     L.
Philp. 35 South St., Gait.
St. Catharines Trades, and Labor Council-
Arthur Greenlaw, 20 Dakota St.
St. Thomas Tradea and Labor Council—A
R. Robertson, 124 Redan street.
Toronto    District    Ubor  Council—T.    A.
Stevenson, 24 Haselwood avenue.
Welland   Tradea   and   Labor   Council—W.
Powrie,  Box  38.
Windsor Tradea and Ubor CouncU—Harold
Clarke, 94 Howard avanua.
Montreal Tradea and    Labor   Connell—0.
Francq, 3 St. Paul St. East.
Suebcc and  Levis Trades Council — Secy,
eo.  Dosblens,   187—7th Ave., Llmolton.
St. Jean Tradea and Ubor Council—George
Smith, Box 495,
Haw Brunswick.
Ht.  John  Trades  and  Labor  Council—J,  L
Sugrue, 92 St. James St.
Nova Scotta.
Amherst Trades and Ubor Council—Thos.
Carr, Boi 981.
Halifax Tradea and Labor Council—Robert
Miller, 67 Almon atreet.
Plctou County Tradea and Labor Council—
MUlan Grant, New Glasgow.
Sydney   Tradex   and   Labor  Council — Jss
Steele, 245 Rockdsle Ave
pOAL mlataf rights of tha Dominion. In
^Manitoba, Saakatcbewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, tba North-Wast Territorial
and in a portion of tha Province of Britlah
Columbia, may ba leased for a tarn of
twenty-one yeara renewal for a farther tarn
of 31 years at an annual rental of 11 an acre.
Not mora than 2,660 acrea wUl ba teased to
ons applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant In person to ths Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district in which the rlghta applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory tha land mast bs dea-
scrlbod by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and In unsurveyed territory thr
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Eseh application muat be accompanied by
a fee of 85 which will ba refunded If thi
rlghta applied for ara not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall ba paid on the
merchantable output of tha mlae at the rate
of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish tha Agont with sworn returns accounting
..... ...      . .    . ..       B-j
onee a year.
The lease will Include tha coal mining
rlghta only, rescinded by Chap. 27 af 46
George V. assented to 12th June, 1914.
For full information application aheuld be
made to the Seeretary of tha Department af
tha Interior, Ottawa, or lo wy Afsat ar Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Depaty MlaUUr af the Interlar.
B.B.—Cnau&erised imbUeatloa of -Is ad-
rartkaauit wUl aal be paid far.-ttlTI.
PUBLIC NOTICEWs hereby given tbat under the First Part of Chapter 79 of tbe Revised Statutes of Canada, 1906, known ta
"The Companies Act," letters patent bave
been issued under the seal of the Seeretary
of State of Canada, bearing" date the 7th day
of August, 1917, incorporating Angus Alexander Crowston, Flnanclal Agent; William
Samuel McCIure, farmer; Reuben Tiffin, farmer; Joseph John Tiffin, miner, and Chirles
William St. John, solicitor, all of the elty of
Vancouver, in the Province of British Columbia, as Pacific Mining and Manufacturing
Company, Limited, for tha following purposes, vis,:—
(a)' To obtain by purchase, leaae, hire,
discovery, location, or otherwise, and bold,
mines, mineral claims, mineral leases, prospects, mining landa, and mining rights of
every description, and to work, develop, operate, and turn the same to account, and to sell
or otherwise dispose of the same or any of
them, or any Interest therein.
(b) To dig for, raise, crash, wash, smelt,
assay, analyse, reduce, amalgamate and otherwise treat gold, sliver, coal, copper, lead ores
or deposits, and other minerals and metallic
substances and compounds of all kinds,
whether belonging to tbe company or not,
and to render the same merchantable, and to
buy, aell and deal in tbe same or any of
(c) To carry on the business of a mining,
smelting, milling and refining company in all
or any of its branches.
(d) To acquire by purchase, leaae, hire,
exchange, or otherwise such timber lands or
leases, timber claims, licences to cut timber,
surface rights and rights-of-way, water rlghta
and privileges, mills, factories, furnaces for
smelting and treating ores and refining metals, buildings, machinery, plant, or other real
or personal property aa may ba necessary for
or conducive to the proper carrylng-out of
any of tha objects of tha company.
(e) To construct, maintain, alter, make,
work, and operate on the property of the
company, or oa property controlled by the
company, any canals, trails, roads, ways,
tramways, bridges and reservoirs, dams,
flumes, race ana other ways, watercourses,
aqueducts, walla, wharves, piers, fnrnaees,
sawmills, crushing worka, smelting worka,
concentrating works, hydraulic worka, coke-
ovens, electrical worka and appliances, warehouses, buildings, machinery, plant, stores,
and other worka and conveniences which may
seem conducive to any of tha objects of tha
company, and, with the consent of tho shareholders In general meeting, to contribute to,
subsidise, or otherwise aid or take part in
any auch operation, though constructed and
maintained by any other company or persons
outside of the property of the company; and
to buy, sell, manufacture, and deal In all
kinds of goods, stores, Implements, provisions, chattels and effects required by the
company or its workmen and servants.
(f) To build, acquire, own, charter, navigate, and use steam and other vessels for the
purpose of the company.
(g) To carry on bualneaa aa quarrymas-
ters and stone merchants, and to sell, buy,
get, work, shape, hew, carve, polish, crash
and prepare for market or use, atone of all
(h) To carry on business aa road and
pavement makers and repairers, and manufacturers of, and dealers In lime, cement,
mortar, concrete and bnlldlng materials of
all kinds, and as builders and oontracton
for the execution of worka aad buildings of
all klnda In the construction of which stone
ts required.
(1) To carry on all or any of tha business of manufacturers of and wholesale and
retail dealers In bricks, tUes, pipes, pottery,
earthenware, china, glassware, terra cotta and
eeramleware of all kinds.
, (J) To carry on buslneas aa manufacturing chemists.
(k) To carry on business as manufacturers of, and wholesale and retail dealers ln
soil fertilisers,
(1) To carry on any other bualneaa whether manufacturing or otherwise whieh may
seem to the company capable of being Conveniently carried on In connection with the
above or calculated directly or Indirectly to
enhance tbe value of or render profitable, any
of tbe company's property or rights.
(m) To acquire, and undertake tha whole
or any part of the business, property, and
liabilities of any person or eompany carrying
on any business which tha eompany Is authorised to carry on, or possessed of property suitable for tbe purposes of the company.
. S?K To *•**■" w otherwise acqnlre, and
hold shares In any other company having objects altogether or In part similar to those of
this company, or carrying on any business
capable of being conducted ao aa directly or
indirectly to benefit this company.
(o) To enter into any arrangement with
any authorities, municipal, local, or otherwise
that may seem conducive to the company's
objects, or any of them, and to obtain from
any such authority, any rights, privileges,
and concessions which the company may
think It desirable to obtain, and to carry
out, exerclae, and comply with any such arrangements, rights, prlvUeges and concessions.
(P) Generally to purchase, take on lease
or in exchange, hire, or otherwise acquire,
any personal property, and any rights or privileges which the company may think necessary or convenient for the purposes of Jti
(q) To construct, maintain, and alter any
buildings or works necessary or convenient
for the purposes of the Company.
<r) To invest and deal with the moneys
of the Company not Immediately required in
such manner as may from time to time be
(s) To remunerate any person or company for services rendered, or to be rendered, In placing or assisting to place or guar
anteeing the placing of any of the ahares in
the Compaay*i capital, or any debentures,
debenture stock or other securities of the
Company, or in or about tbe formation or
promotion of the Company or the conduct of
its business.
(t) To draw, make, accept, Indorse, discount, execute and Issue promlsory notes,
bills of exchange, bills of lading, warrants,
debsntures, and other negotiable or transferable Instruments.
(u) To sell or dispose of the undertaking of the Company or any part thereof for
such consideration as the Company may think
fit, and in particular for shares, debentures,
or securities of any other company having
objects altogether or In part similar to those
of this Company.
(v) To adopt such meana of making
known lbe products of the company as may
seem expedient, and in particular by advertising in the press, by circulars, by purchase
and exhibition of works of art or interest, by
publication of books and periodicals, and by
granting prises, rewards and donations.
(w) To aell, Improve, manage, develop,
oscbange, lease, mortgage, enfranchise, dispose of, turn to account, or otherwise deal
with, all or any part of the property and
rights of the company.
(x) To carry on business as aforesaid
throughout the Dominion of Canada.
(y) To do all such other tblngs ss are incidental or conducive to tha attainment of
the above objects.
(■) And It 1* hereby declared that the
word "Company" ln this clause shall be
deetnod to Include any partnership or other
body of persons, whether incorporated or not
incorporated, and whether domiciled in the
Dominion of Canada or elsewhere, and the
Intention is that the objects specified in each
paragraph of this clause shall, except whore
otherwise expressed In sueh paragraph, be In
no wise limited or restricted by reference to
or inference from the terms of any other
paragraph or the name of the company.
The operation of the Company to be carried on throughout the Dominion of Canada
and elsewhere by the name of "Pacific Mining and Manufacturing Company, Limited,"
with a capital stock of one million dollars
divided Into ten thousand shares of one hundred dollara each, and the chief place of
business of tbe said company (registered office) to be at 569 Hornby street, In tbe city
of Vancouver In the Provlnee of British
DATKD at the office of the Secretary of
State of Canada, this 7th day of August,
Under-Secretary of State.
Every Union Man Wbo VWto
tbe I*b,or Ttmple
Should patnmlM the
Labor Temple
Cigar Store
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
ISO Granville Street
lit Hastings Itnat Waal
They are the finest bit of workman-
hip iu the bicycle world: 8 different
models In variety of colon.
Prlcea from 1*2.60 to f88.00, ea
eaay payments tf deeirad.
HASKIlf 8 * B1L10TT
"The Pioneer Bicycle Store "
611 Howe Bt.     418 Haattogg 8* W.
lea aa aad nn aaaa?.
Tke Jarris Electric Ca.( Lti.
RO Biehardi Itreet
Tk. only Poloo Bfcop la VMeonwr.
onoa Bum
t, rmuiri a oo.. Asm*
neee MU ittT —
HwiUteUi,, botioa. eennd. ,wl-
joppto,. bolloB hole,, pintlor uoar
bf ud .krinkie,. I.tterta,, ploot ,4,.
Uf,   pintle,,   neUlf,   embroider;,
Ml Opmtuu it.     mt BmfUi M.
VAaoOUVK 1.0.   TlOTOUVlO.
Poultry Wanted
then.  Iqrmnr 1017
 MO OtUTUlf St
VASOOUTla, s. o.
Heidquutm for Ubo, an,   I
TA,.i'd W*0* 0" ■*•*■».
M.JO pot week ud id.
_____M IMHUH, IMt
To Trade Unionists
When you get tired hunting for
•oelaliat newt in capitalUt papera,
aubicribe tor Tin Milwaukee
IiMder, the big aoeialiat daily.
Samplea on request. . Milwaukee.
Wla. -
The Oallr UUwaakM Into ud
Tb. T.d.r.lloel.t. oo. per, K.W.
Phone Soymonr 4819
Powell Biver and Vanconver
The object of the Independent Ubor
Party of Ontario Is to promote the political.
economic and social interests of people who
live by their labor, mental or manual, aa
distinguished from those who lire br oroflt
upon tbe labor of othen.
So we have established a permanent pro*
vinclal organization so that we may act in
co-operation as far as possible with independent political organisations of tbe farmers and the producing class for the purpose
of electing men or women who will stand
by tbe democratic principle of a working
class movement, wltb all that the term Implies.
Free and compulsory education. Free education In all institutions supported br ths
Free textbooks.
The public ownership of all public utilities
and natural resources of woaltn,
Nationalisation of banking and credit systems.
Direct legislation through the Initiative,
referendum and recall.
Gradual elimination of unearned Increment
through increasing taxation.
Equ|il pay for equal work.
Abolition of property qualifications for all
municipal offices.
Abolition of all election deposits.
Proportional representation with group
Abolition of Ihe Canadian senate.
No court to be legally competent to declare as unconstitutional any act of the parliament of Canada.
Amending the British North America Act
so that the decisions of the highest court of
appeal in Canada bo final, lb all i
civil and political.
Thst adequate equal  pensiona be i
to all  disabled soldiers,  either ofleen    «r
men, or their widows and dependents.
Pensions for mothers wltb dependent children.
Old age pensions.
Creation of national reserves of coal and
We believe that performance Is better
than promise, and we rest our claim for the
support of the workera on the general declaration that we stand for the industrial
freedom of those who toll and the political
Iberatlon of those who for so long hare
)een denied Justice.
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BAOL.EY * BONS, 1S1 Hullot. Strwl
BLOOHBEKOER, P. B, 810 Broldwa, But	
BRAND A  1-KRRV, 8I!» Peoder Street, We.l  	
II. 0. PRINTINO A I.ITHO. VU., Sinytbe and Homer	
CLARKE A STUART, 330 Sermour Street   	
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Temple Balldinf	
EVANS 0 HASTINOS. Art. ud Crilu Bid,.. Sermonr St.
JIFPEKV. W. A., 2108 P.rker Streot	
KERSHAW, J, A., 689 Dow. St	
LATTA. R K 138 Oor, Aro	
MAIN PRINTINO CO., 8861 Hall St	
MoI.RAN A HHOKMAKEK, North V.neon.er	
NORTH SHORE PRESB, Nortb V.neon.er	
pACiriC PRINTERS. World Bntldllf	
BOIDDE. 0. A, ei< Hwer Street	
SUN JOB PRESSES, 111 S.)*mour Street	
THE STANDARD, Homer Street 	
TECHNICAL PRESS, 600 Ile.ll/ Street	
TIHHS, A. II.. SSO Fonrte.nth Are. E	
WABD. ELLWOOD A POUND, 818 Homer Street	
WBBTBBV 8PE0IALTT CO., Ill Daaiawlr It ,
WHITE A IINDOX, Ell PulttWM 8.rnoor Hli
Write "Vtttt later aa Teat Oear wtaa Tea lead » la tta Made
..Sermonr 810
*. Fairmont 108
.Se,monr 1671
■ Seymour 3233
....Sejrmonr I
.Seymour 4,90
.Sermonr 1101
.Sermonr 6060
Highland 1137
. Sermonr 8874
.Sermonr 1080
.Fairmont 1986
;...». Van. 69
... Sermonr 41
... .N Van. 80
.Sermonr 9693
. .Sormenr lid
.Sermonr 9609
.Sermonr 8634
.. Sermonr 470
■ Sermonr 8995
-Sermonr 8810
Fairmont «31R
• Sermonr 1616 inn Bunion t-JULUMBlA JtiflUBiKATIONIST
I do right work
at a right price
—Whenever amy reader of The Federatlonist is in need of dental
attention, consult me,
]k*T special training enables me to promise you the "best" in
"I any form of dental work—Crown and Bridge work, dental
plateB, etc., the kind of work that lasts and will give perfect satisfaction.
Kit _ office equipment enables me to carry out the latest and
ITI most scientific methods in doing my work. It includes a
high-power X-Bay apparatus for taking 41ms of teeth, and thus
making "sure" work where ordinary dental methods are insufficient.
Hy prices are reasonable—Juat a* low aa they can be made with
regard to the nae of tha best grade ot materials and that degree
of workmanship which assures yon of reliable attention.
Phone Sey, 3314
Appointments may be
made with dental nurse.
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dunsmuir Private entrance
Autumn Comes
Dressed in Satin
Everything   that   la   anything   for  women's
clothes nut have a satin flnleh thla autumn,
genius of the famous de-
pretty and unuaual
Conscsuently all tha
atsnero £aa nw Into n
thlnga In satin.
Satin Stripe Duchess Kasaallne In any number
of pretty imp* combinations on the groundwork
of a standard shade — auch aa Russian Green,
u. «—   Copenhagen.  Rose  and
BlSST A part; wide:
Per part ______
Burberry Coats
for Fall
New arrivals with every British mail. The
cloth in these coats is 100 per cent, pure wool.
Prices have advanced slightly, but the quality is
as good as ever.
Buy a Burberry now before the quality becomes
affected by the new law limiting the amount of
wool to be used in all woollen goods.
Thos. Foster & Co. Limited
514 Granville Street
Hats for the Fall
__.         They're here. In onr windows today, ready
MB.    for yonr choosing.    All the popular sises—
mff    all the likeable shapes.
'          Men'a comfort-fifing Soft Felts and Natty
/■*^^^---\m^^^^^-m——^     A*<
Looking Derbies.
m& ^f
You'll look better and feel fifty per oent.
younger ln any one of them.
SBsHfcP'                      V
Such "know how" hat-makers as "STET
^•-KKn^                 '•Sti
SON,"   CROFUT tt KNAPP"   and   "WOL-
(\          at-Jj
THAUSEN" are represented In tbe showing.
l\_          ym-j
Tha pricei range from. .......13.00 to 16.00
Tba Newest Caps.  $1.00 to $2.80
Richardson & Potts
Hoar Comer Haitian
Mr. Shaw Invites You To See His Newest Cars
(Made in our Vancouver Factory)
If you have to bay a baby oar, by all
means accept Mr. Shaw's Invitation to Inspect our brand new models. These are ears
of the highest order produced In oar modern
factory, and made for service and comfort
and safety. Falling to call personally, write
for our new illustrated catalogue, aent free
on request.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(O. 8. BHAW A CO.)
904 BOBBON   —   Opp. Court Horn*
IN A CUP OF ._.:■£
Empress M'fg Co.
The Home of Fore Food Product.
If you are not satisfied, you can
got your money hack.
Isn't that a fair offer?
Oood for aas roar', enbierlptloa tt Tho B.
M   -v     e,     1 J> 1      9* Fedorationist, will ho sidled U ear ad*
1 ll   Silk    I flfflC '"".-ta .°**!!??-'??-,i°.-_.<0Ki W"<!"
rederetloobi, will to auUoi to S17 ad*
_jse la Oaasda for |10. tOood aarwhori
ontalde of VsneonTor dty.) Order tea lo*
day.   Remit when sold.
Miners of Sandon Refuse to
Longer Contribute Except
Voluntarily Out of Wages
Complete Shutdown Threatened if Companies Did Not
Accede to Men's Demands
The night shift at the Slocan Star
mine Sandon, went on strike laat Friday. The cause of the trouble, which
has since been adjusted, was the collection of a day's pay per taan by the
company, such collection being paid into
the Sandon branch of the Canadian patriotic fund.
Like most of the mines in the district, the Star to a very large
extent manned by foreigners especially
as far aB actual mining operation!) are
concerned. Italians and Austrians comprise the bulk , of the men working
around the Sandon mines.
The Star management had no other
course open but to accede to the demands of the men, as not to do so would
have resulted in a complete shutdown.
Similar action has since been taken
at the Surprise and the Noble Five, aB
the promise of a strike loomed up there
unless the enforced collection of the
patriotic fund contribution from each
employee was discontinued, and thuB at
one swoop the fund loses & substantial
amount hitherto contributed by the
Sandon miners each month.
The trouble is said to have originated with the Sandon union, which, at
a special meeting held recently, determined that he "taking or keeping of
any money from any employee for the
patriotic land without the written consent of such employee will be considered unfair by organized labor''
The movement to squelch the patriotic fund collection business is spreading, and as a result some of the mining companies on the other Bide of the
divide, and over whom the Sandon
union has jurisdiction, have received
the following notice:
The Superintendent,  Mine,
Dear Sir,—At a special meeting of
Sandon Miners' Union I was instructed to inform you that the taking or
keeping of any money from any employee for the patriotic fund without
the written consent of such employee,
will be considered unfair by organized
That any discrimination shown individuals in your employ for expressing
their •unwillingness to donate towards
this fund will be deemed a violation of
our rights, and this organization will be
prepared to take every measure to gain
redress for such discrimination.
Tours truly,
Financial Secretary.
Apparently a systematic effort has
been made to induce all crews to abstain from paying into the patriotic
fund, as the following wbb sent to the
mines to be signed up by the men:
We, the undersigned, hereby wish to
notify the management that we are un-
desirous to continue the present syBtem
of donating towards the patriotic fund.
And request that'no moneys be deducted from our wages in future for
that purpose.
For the purpose of raising funds to
provide Christmas boxes for the mem*
bers of their union who are at the
front, the street railwaymen of New
Westminster have commenced a scries
of smokers, the flrst of which, laBt Wednesday night, was a tremendous sac*
cobs which realized handsomely toward
the Christmas-box fund. Aboat 150
members of the union and members of
other unions were present. It was a
thoroughly good time which everybody
enjoyed to the utmost, and was a good
send-off for the other smokers which
are coming. The union entered heartily into the arrangements for the first
of the smokers, and if the others are
to be judged by the first, the members
who are at the front will not want for
Christmas cheer. Sixty-eight members
of tbe union have gone to the front.
FBIDAY. September 7, 1917
The Art
Now Located
Third Floor
With more commodious
quarters and with greatly
improved facilities for
displayi the Art Needlework Section is prepared
to offer you a greater service than has heretofore
been possible.
Everything possible is
being done in this department to make it one of
the most interesting and
attractive sections of the
house, and one in which
our patrons will take particular delight in visiting.
Make it a point to call
and see the new quarters.
You will flnd our stock
replete in all required
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
packed by the vacuum
_ process in a tin which
a~SM insures all the fragrance, flavor and richness
of this well-known blend
reaching you in a perfect
condition. You are always
sure of Fresh Coffee when
you buy  ,,„:„
Should be in the home of
every Union Man-
is it nr tours?
—Phone Fairmont 2624—
Minera Waat Their Beer.
Editor fi. C. Federationist: Enclosed
resolution, adopted by Michel, B.C.,
Local Union JVo. 283, which 1 kindly ask
you to publish in your paper at the ear*
liest possible date. With best regards,
I beg to remain,
H. BEARD, Secretary.
Michel, B. C, August 29, 1917.
The Resolution.
Michel, B, C, August 29, 1917.
"To Officers and Members of the Labor Unions of, B. C.
Greeting:    At a special meeting of
Michel Local Union, No. 2331, the following   resolution was adopted, in an
attempt to prevent drink (liquor) from
getting into our hotaes:
"Whereas, the working and surrounding conditions of the miners, coke
oven men and other workers in and
around the mines are such that beer and
light wines aro essential for tbe con*
tinuancc of their work) nnd
"Whereus less than 25 per cent, of
our membership have been privileged to
vote on tho above measure, we consider
it an injustice to force us to pay more
for the drink that we can do without,
i. e., liquor, and tako away f rota ub that
beverago that we feel we cannot vory
well do without, i e., beer and light
wines; thorefore, be it
"Resolved thut we demand of tho
ftrovinclal government of British Co*
umbia and Alborta the restoration of
beor and light wines after October 1,
"Further, that we forward to tho
said governments a list of the workers
who feel that they nre entitled to this
Should, you decide to co-operuto with
us, forward this petition, as soon as
possible, to your rcspectivo governments, and please advise us if you decide to support the ubovo resolution.
Yours sincerely,
H. BEARD, Secrotary.
As Viewed Across the Line.
Editor B. 0. Federationist: Received
the Labor Day issue, my first copy, of
The Federatlonist today. It is great.
How I wish our A. F. of L. stood ob
squarely against war as you in B. 0.
Tho people hato it, yet the powers that
be keep driving on. The recent treat*
taent accorded the United States People's council shows very well the sort
of democracy we have in'this great
land of the free. 1 sincerely hope the
convention yesterday decided on a
strong anti-conscription programme.
Tours for peace and real democracy for
all nations,
MRS. A. L. S.
Tumwater, Wash., Sept. 4,1917.
Teamsters (Mag Strong.
The nowlyorgnniaed Teamsters'
union now has 38U mombors. These are
numbered consecutively, and the member who sigiiB up the 500th mombcr
will receive a prise of $5. A committeo
of the union has been nppointed to obtain data as to fcnmBtors' wages and
hours in other citios, this to be used in
tho preparation of tho union scalo for
this city, Tcamstora work longer houra
for shorter pay in tbis city than in
Socialist Candidate la Saoretary.
Tho Timber WorkerB' union, local No.
3, niot lost Sunday und will moot again
tonight and the second nnd fourth Fridays in every month hereafter. W. A,
Pritchard, aocinlist candidate for Vancouver Centre I federal) riding, is tho
socrotary of this union.
Washington   Mill   Owners
Ask U. S. Government to
Force Men in Yards
Say Men Should Work for
the Same Pay as Soldiers
WhooGo Away to Fight
The "drafting" of shipbuilding labor
ia being demanded in the United
States, according to press reports. Mill
owners desire labor for shipbuilding
conscripted." This is going pretty
strong for the "land of the free."
The demands for increased wages by
shipyard employees reported to have
been made in almost overy section of
the country has led a number of the
shipbuilders of the United States to appeal to Washington for conscription of
labor to carry out shipbuilding contracts taken over by the government.
Facing what they claim to be a 25
per cent, increase in wages, the shipyard men declare that the industry's
future presents* serioas aspects. No
further developments as regards their
recommendation are looked .for until
such time as the labor committee of the
council of national defence, whose appointment by President Wilson has been
decided upon, gets down to action.
Considerable interest is taken in the
outcome of the suggestion by the many
builders on the Pacific coast, where such
large fleets of wooden and steel steamers are under construction. The matter
iB one that haB been discussed freely
on the streets in Victoria.
The attitude of the United States'
builders in making their representations
to Washington is that if the men are
conscripted to go into the trenches at
the certain risk of their lives, the government should take like stops in Ub
war industries. The method most favored is conscription of labor. They
are reported1 as strongly advocating the
fixing of a standard official wage for
employees in industries directly contributing to waging the war, juat as the
pay of drafted soldiers is fixed.
Fight for Elght-hoar Day in Lumber
Industry ia Now to Start
In Earnest.
Business Agent W. A, Alexander and
President Dave Hodges of local 620,
Steam and Operating Engineers, report
that the vote taken by the B. C. Association of Stationary Engineers regarding the disposition of the treasury
funds and paraphernalia has at last
been counted, and resulted in only two
membera being opposed to the transfer
of same over to local 620, I. U. of S.
and 0. Engineers. The members of
the defunct association will be transferred to the books of local 620 as
soon as Secretary McDonald of tho as*
sociation and Business Agent Alexander can arrange it. This finally disposes of the last national union and
will, no doubt, result in the Engineers
becoming a powerful factor in the
labor movement in this province*
The fight for an 8-hour day for stationary engineers in the lumber industry will no commence in earnest and
with the assistance of the other organized labor bodies, there is no doubt
that the Engineers' will soon be enjoying the privileges of an 8-hour day,
thereby having a little more time for
recreation and study.
Ii the Natural Food
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food expert, says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in the fact that it is a complete food."
When you drink a glass of
milk, costing 214c, you fortify
your body with aa much energy
and nutriment aa you would obtain from a ean of tomatoes or a
half-pound of chicken,
Eat less heavy food and.
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ice Cream.
Be Healthier,
Spend Less,
Opening Display
fur Fall
The new styles and fabrics
in our Fall Suits and
Overcoats are certain to
suit you, man.
They show many special
features and they have all
of our standard and reliable quality, they're as well
tailored as ever, and the
values are extreme.
$15, $18, $20, $25, $30, $35
and $40
The only union men'* Olothing
and Furnishing Store
in Vanoouver
JopjilahlBift BduSon t Vut
m^^p a_r LinrrcD
__    153 HASTINGS ST. W.
The secret of good health
Lies, to a degree, in having your teeth in proper
Good health depends upon proper nourishment for the body.
Proper nourishment depends upon good digestion. Oood digestion
depends largely upon your food being properly chewed or masti-
Every defective or missing tooth means a weak link in the chain
of good health.
If you wut good health, attend to you teeth. Oome to me aal
let me examine them. Should they need attention, I trill give you
an estimate aa to the coit for work that Is thoroughly nUalhle.
I give ten-year written guarantee on tny dental work.
Phone Sty. SS31
mad* by phone
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street Weat, Oor. Seymour
The Place To Clothe Your Boy
—  „^—aiMUM    "i in -**.*■■■■■■—^—■■■■■*-
SUITS—Tweeds, Serges and Worsted* to It boya and youtha, 2 to 18
years; made Norfolk, Sports, Pinchback and other styles; good wearing qualities; all prices.
ODD PANTS—Corduroy, Tweed, Serge, Velveteen, White Drill aad
Serge, in 17 sizes, from 2 yeara up.
HATS AND OAFS—Up-to-date in many styles.
UNDEBWEAB—Shirts, Shirtwaists, Sweaters, Stockings, Overalls,
Night Shirts, Pyjamas, etc.
COTTON SUITS and Straw and Cotton Hate.
TeL Sey. 708 SOS to SU Heatings street West
Shoes!    Shoes!
We have footwear for all purposes.
The beet of leathers and the very best
workmanship. Tou will find here exactly the atyle of Shoe yoa wish.
Stronger shoes for the laboring man.
The very finest of Shoes for the busl*
ness man.
Prices. li.fiO to $12.00
Duunan   Thompson's   Immortal
The Old
A PLAT that will live forever,
Picturing every human emotion,
Containing a laugh, a tear,   in
every scene.
Presented continually for 23
years. Full ot real human
The  Old  Homestead  Quartette
and 20 other features
Summer prices:
10c, 25c and 35c
Oome and have a food time, perhapi
lake home a aide of baeon.
Haitb.fi Street, near Abbott
Bemember there ue
Leckie Shoes
on sale in all good shoo stores,
for your particular wants—your
particular calling; made to with*
stand    ull    weather    conditions.
Look for tho name  on  every
Bacon, sliced, per lb SOo
Ayrshire Bacon SOo and SSo
Slater'a Tea, lb  SOo
Slater's Coffee, lb.  26c
Apex Jam, 4-lb. tine .............. 46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk lOo
Jello, 3 for  SSe
McDonald's Pork and Beans lOo
Delivery to All Parts
1S1 Halting! St Eaat   Sey. 3268
830 Granville St.      Sey. 806
3814 Main Street.    Fair, less
High-powered Girl Eeyue J
HABRY BREEN—King   of  Nonsensftj
Other Features.
Matinees 10c and 20c.   Nights 15c and 2_c. j
: v.t.S'**"--


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