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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 8, 1917

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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
DfDUSTBIALUNITYi STBENOTH
- '    '  ' <f*
EIGHTH YEAR,   No. 23
OmOIAL PAj-EB: VANCOUVEB TBADBS AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION
•mm
EIGHT PAGES
ZED LABOR
HUS OFF BIG
MEETING
Theatre Packed to the Doors
By Citizens Opposed
to Militairsm
The Only Interrupters Were
Two Soldiers and a
Few "Ladies"
m
ORDERLY THROUGHOUT, the
mooting held undor the auspices
of the Vnncouvor Trades and Labor
Council and tho B. C. Federation of Ln*
bor, in the Avenue theatre, Monday evening, for the purpose of opposing the
proposed conscription measure, was ono
which redounds to the credit of organized labor and incidentally puts a cribip
in the eity fathers' idea that Labor
cannot meet ana discuss such a momentous question as that which was before
the audience in the Avenue without the
roughneck element creeping in to disturb the peace.
The fact that those who were vitally
interested in hearing the real facts of
the controversy were in the majority,
and that would-be truculent ones had
received a warning, both verbal and
ocular, that no nonsense would be stood
by those who were responsible for the
good government of the meeting, had a
lot to do with the manner in, which the
affair was carried out, those who would
have liked to stampede the crowd early
realizing that to do so meant that they
would suffer, and abandoning their intentions.
Only one in_\A*
the gathering W>
curred during tB#, '
when a soldier wj
what freely stood
remarks which wer*
or intelligent,  his
ly making a break in
the speaker's oratory.
A Word to the flpse,
J. H. McVety acted as chnirman and
ably filled the position, opening the
meeting with n tip to those present, ns
before stated. He assured them thnt
the Trades and Labor Council for over
25 years had been noted for its ordorly
meetings, nnd assured tho nudience
that the meeting over whieh he waB
now presiding was not to bo any exception to the rule. The ushers were
big and able and would undertake to
handle any IHHgerert^ ones -;'wlja
thought rhey'could start something, in
a manner which would ensure respect.
As to the Indies, they hnd tho franchise and so were on an equal footing
with the men, therefore should any of
that sex feel like causing trouble, they
would bo treated exactly ob the stronger humans were treated and put out of
the building.
No advantage would be given to anyone on account of physical disability,
and anyone who disturbed the meeting
would be ejected, the order to be carried out without discrimination.
Bumor had it that it was impossible <
to carry out a meeting on such a vital I
Suestion as conscription without disor-
er prevailing, b-.it it was intended   to
show that this was incorrect.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY. JUNE 8, 1917
'hjch''interrupted
JpfenKor two oc*
njng, which wus
'imbibed some-
made a few
er intelligible
resfiion  scarce-
even tenor of
P. M. DRAPER
Seen.tary-treasurer of the Trades and Lsbor
Congress of Canada, Ottawa, whom tho
As unci uted Press reports an not opposed to
conscription, but who has as yet made no
publlo pronouncement himself. Bo silent
la he, In fact, that it can be heard this far
weBt.
THE EIGHT-HOUR DAY
TO BE CAST IN
PRUSSIAN "KULTUR" WINS ITS
(In TaaoMfst \
<___oe)
$1.60 PER YEAR
WAY TO WORLD PURIFICATION
The Terrible Sacrifices of the Germanic People Are Not Being Made in Vain—The
Superior "Kultur" of Prussian Civilization Is Carried to the Uttermost Parts
of the Earth—Democratic Piffle Being Pushed Aside to Make Way
for the True Faith and the Coming Kingdom of Mars
W^^f WM QTan kai8,er' has Pwbably>d mope vituperative abuse heaped upon his devoted head dumg the past three years than ever fell to the lot of worldly ruler before at least
in the same length of time. We'are told that this distinguished personage who, ''mitt Go t''
3£ Ttdr £•G SCe#r °f emP?r^8 a*ed ^atly since the month of August, 1914. It has been pre-
dieted that his earthly career is'hkely to end at almost any moment, owing to physical breakdown
wh eh is becoming each day more painfully apparent. But even should the silent partner oHheflm
Iv ) Ch Tilha^n;i8 thG e!Sfflttt?Vfl head' Peremptorily call him to his heavenly heme even now h"
lL7n\°th 8Gt f°rth UP,°\th,atTn<? With the happy "tWwrfon of knowing that all o ha! for
which he has so-generously fed his loyal and obedient subjects into the cannon'smouth has well nkh
conquered the earth against all of the pestilential vituperation, and vaporing piffle heaped UZ
him by more hypocntioa and far less worthy and capable rulers than himself, and whose noisv dfan
son has been greatly swollen ,by the equally senseless blithering, of puling invalids afflicted with a nafe
!«i8ICk V-8St °Vhou*ht   e,med democracy.   That "Prussian kultur" is swiftly c nnu 1/the
SSMJffiS Wel,T6-d *f °P,eiYr.m8 byJhe ^ommon *ud*eons of those countries Shave*
callous the lining of their silly guile s in vociferating against it, should bring the solace of
tent to the earnest but perhaps wearied soul of the kaiser. ■
Tbe Fifth of June.
Imperial Munitions Board
Seems Willing to Call
the Tune ,
How the Quebec Question is
Being Settled by the
Labor Skinners
Compliment* Dally Press.
Mr. B. P. Petti piece, tbe firBt speak'
er, was brief in his remarks, which he
opened with the statoment that he differed from many people who believed
the question of conscription could not
be quietly discussed in a meeting. It
was the only place in which labor could
get its views aired, as it was impossible
! to discusB the matter through the columns of the daily press, and the labor
press was not large enough. Throughout the entire dominion the daily press
hnd held the anti-conscription meetings
up to ridicule, their attitude towards
the workers being unfair in tbe extreme. He cited the case of the Coughlan shipyard strike, where a local organ
refused to accept an advertisement
from the men at the identical rates
paid by the firm for their ads,, and also commented on the treatment accorded the electrical workers.
Should Conscript Wealth.
It was up to the workers to discuss
the governmental Bystem, which he was
convinced was rotten. Only recently
he had been interviewed by a number
of women who complained of the manner in which the administration was
carried out, undthnt they were not getting fair treatment, despite tbe fact
that their loved ones were fighting and
dying for the empiro. The government
which demands conscription of man
power, he said, Bhould first show its
faith by conscripting tbe wealth of the
country, yet we find that during the
third yeur of  the war, the C. P. K.
fmlled down a net profit of forty mil-
ions of dollars.
There never were such profits made
by capitalists as during the present
struggle, and they were simply drunk
with the enormous gains they were
wringing from their slaves.
The moment the government decided
for a real policy of conscription of
wealth, there would be no need for any
talk of conscription of man power; they
would get all the men they wanted
without it.
Trade Unionists and the War,
A decent wage should be provided
for the fighters to keep them and theirs
from the board of inquisition to which
,they had to npply to get a little char-
|tty.
Trades unionists had nothing to be
ishamed of in the present war. They
had sent between 35,000 and 40,000 of
[their members to the front, which was
|i fitting answer to tboBe wbo said the
workers were erasing trouble.
"We should pass a vote of thanks to
ihe Russian democracy, for by the
itruggle and strife they have gone
;hrough and the obstacles, they have
jvercome they have heralded the real
■ise of democracy," said he.
1 Continuing, the speaker said the gov*
,'rnment now wanted them to do a lot
n this country and this was the time
o strike a bargain. , I
' The least the government could do
(Continued on page 8)
VICTORIA, B. C, Juno 7.—(Special
to The Federationist.)—The Imperial
Munitions board, composed of Capt.
Troup of tho C. P. R., anti-labor, and
P. Butchurt, a well-known capitalist,
havo begun operations In'the Capital
City. First shot out of the box they
have issued an edict that the eight-hour
day must go. It must be substituted by
u ten-hour day and no overtime. This
for tho. "good of the Empire." Millionaires-are being made by the board
through Iajting. contracts to.^nsHqoiu
yardH/liul the workers are being ignored wherever possible. AH trades will
be affected and theBe will organizo
strenuous opposition to tho latest attempt to break tho eight-hour work day,
already established in all existing British Columbia yards,
Importing Men from Quebec.
Forty French-Canadian workmen arrived here Saturduy from Quebec. They
were hired by the Foundation Co. and
brought here under contract to work
on ships being built to the order of the
Munitions board. Some of tbe arrivals
are union men, but, unfortunately, they
were so deceived that they entered into
agreements to work a ten-hour day.
This despite tbe fact that a general 8-
hour day has been established in all the
legitimate yards of the coast. And also
despite the fact that at least 200 idle
carpenters were walking the streets
here before the importations began.
..The French Canadians wbo bave been
duped into coming west will be provided with return transportation onlyif
they are good and live up to the agreement made under false pretences. Rumor has it that if the Quebeckers won't
light, they will be put to work in the
west, and thus release British Columbian workmen for the trenches. The ae*
tion of the Foundation Co. is said to be
but a forerunner to more drastic measures to enforce non-union conditions in
British Columbia.
British Columbia workmen contend
that there ere already sufficient shipbuilding yards here to handle all contracts, if the munitions board was not
deliberately ignoring them in an attempt to "play ball" with the mushroom species of shipbuilding "promoters," to the detriment of legitimately
established firms.
However, orgunized lnbor is awake
and on the job.   More anon.
"National Service!"
The Maple Leaf Milling company hae
had u good year. It finds that after
creating a depreciation account of
(250,000, a contingent account increase
of $122,000, bank Interest of ♦150,57:1,
nnd $175,000 dividend* on preferred
stocks, finds Itself in receipt of earnings
at the rate of 16% on common stock,
while the people pay 8 cents a pound
for bread.   Good business.™The Voice.
The fourth of July has for nearly a
century and a half been made the occasion of loud noise and ridiculous antics
by the inhabitants of the United States
of America. All of which has been
done, in commemoration of the day in
the memorable year of 1776, when tbe
people of the then thirteen British colonies decided to dump European autocracy, and refuse to longer submit to
its galling military yoke. It will be
remembered that theae ridiculous colonists had become, somehow or other,
imbued witb peculiar notions about government and other inconsequential
things. They thought they had an attack of democracy and proceeded to act
accordingly. They got that peculiar
idea into their heads that a people could
govern themselves, and did not need
any "kultur" introduced into their
anatomy by means of bayonet thruBts.
They got, by with it, and European
military autocracy was for the time at
least knocked out. But it seems that
it was not democracy witb which they
bad become a icted, but merely a sort
of intellectual constipation or mental
biliousness. Something like wind on a
baby's stomnch, so to speak. It took
this about 140 years to completely run
its course, and even then the victims of
this hallucination were only brought
buck to normal, as a result of the heroic
work of tho kaiser in coming to the rescue of the whole world from the enervating nnd enfeebling influence of a decadent philosophy and an effeminate
"kultur." On last Tuesday, June 5,
Prussian "kultur" scored its most notable single victory Bince tbe breuking
out of thc present war. Upon that
memorable day, the people of the wealthiest and most powerful nation of the
earth, willingly hnd joyfully repudiated
all of the sinful, silly and mawkish notions that they hnd so stupidly nllowed
themselves to bo fed up with for over a
century, and returned to the true faith
of their fathers, way back in the good
old days when thoso fathers were feudal
serfs untainted with notions of silly democracy, and quite happy and content,
provided their feudal masters did not
trim their ears oftener than once in a
fortnight. By the act of registration
upon June 5, over ten million young
Americans endorsed all of that for
which tbe kaiser and his retainers have
been bo valiantly battling for the past
three years, and have pledged them*
selves and the future of their country
to "Prussian kultur," the physical expression of which Ib typified by the
wooden head, the tin helmet, the jack
boot and the goose step. The kaiser
may and probably will go down to defeat as an Individual, but his cause, the
brand of "kultur" which it has been
his mission to spread to the four corners of the earth, is now triumphant in
the land of "Uncle Sam." Henceforth
be should be pictured in helmet and
militnry jack boot, with upturned moustache and haughty mien, goose stepping
to the "Wacht am Rhine." His head
needs no fixing. The fifth of June will
now become the logical national holiday
to be most gloriously stunk up with
burnt powder and rendered patriotically
hideoua with load noise, while the dull
remnants of the constitutionally weak
mentality of the common herd is pickled and paralysed with verbal punk and
Conscription ? Yes—provided it be made unanimous.
Let the government show its
evidence— of good faith by
commandeering the supply
of foodstuffs now in the
hands of profiteering corporations; paying the. soldiers a
wage which would make it
unnecessary for dependents
to accept charity of any
form; nationalize the mines
and munition factories shipbuilding yards, etc., aad cut
out profit-making altogether.
Then there will be no need
of conseriptioril—B. P. Pettipiece, kt Monday night's
mass meeting, Avenue theatre.
oratorical belchinga about democracy,
liberty, old glory, tho land of the free
and the home of the brave, and how we
licked the kaiser. The fourth of July!
Why, it should bo now set aside as the
day for holding Sunday school picnics,
and for teaching children to play num-
blety peg and marbles upon the village
green without getting their clothes
mussed.
Needlessly Alarmed.
It is quito interesting indeed to read
of the elaborate preparations made by
the'United States autligriticB to cope
with any. rebellious outbreaks thnt
might occur upon the day of registration, June 5. Policemen, militia, machine guns nnd other paraphernalia of
human butchery were amply in evidence, evidently as a guarantee of good
faith upon tbe part of the aforesaid
authorities in tbeir pretense of putting
the conscription cinch upon tbe sheep-
like multitude in the name of democracy  and  liberty.    The  threatening     ■«*-- *-*•«■■• *» »"«-■« u»
display of a powerful repressive force  is properly entitled, and which he richly
worn
a great con-
•time make tbem as tame as the rest.
The unseemly conduct of the Arizona
Indians, however, is probably due to
the fact, that they have no European
blood in their veins to dull their spirit
and bo pollute their manhood, that they
will no longer gag at slavery and puke
from the stench of ita "kultur." These
Arizona Indians —the only genuine
Americans—chased the Indian agent
who tried to register them for the
slaughter house of '' Prussian kultur,''
off the reservation. For thia they are
entitled to receive, nnd eminently worthy to accept, the congratulations of
the Russian revolutionists. But outside
of the Russian workmen, there does not
appear to be any others on earth worthy of even sitting at their feet. With
the exception of the two cases mentioned, there was not thc slightest evidence of manhood nnd backbone manifested among the slaves of Yankeeland,
upon the occasion in question. We beg
to modify that stnement, however, by
mentioning a revolt of the students in
one of the greatest universities of
"Prussian kultur" on this western
continent, the penitentiary nt Jbliet,
111. The students, however, did not revolt against registration for a further
course in "kultur." They merely revolted against some slightly increased
severity that the faculty had, with
truly Wilsoninn democrncy, arbitrarily
added to the curriculum. Their loyalty
to the newly-adopted "kultur" is unquestioned. These insignificant incidents
constitute all that is lacking to make
tho victory of "Prussianism" absolute
and complcto in the United Stntes. Tho
kaiser is entitled to hearty congratulations. He wins. That silly pieco of
castiron at tho gntcs of Now York representing a rather comely washerwoman called "Liberty," engaged in the
senseless occupation of '.' enlightening
the world," should be recast into an
heroic figure of William II, goose step
ping the world from puerile nnd decadent democracy to the "kultural" level
of Prussian super-civilization.
A Place in the Sun.
And   now   the   American    common
worker will come into that to which he
JAMBS O. WAITERS
President of the Trades ana Labor Congreia
of Canada. Ottawa, wl-.n says If there must
be conscription, let It be made applicable
flrat to tbe wealth-producing forces of the
Dominion. "No conscription of manpower until Mich action is preceded by the
conscription of wealth."
MAKES APPEAL
TO
Wants Board Appointed to
Settle Two-platoon
Matter
CENlLUBOIIBODlf
REFLECTS GROW
OF UNIONS
City Council Peremptorily
Refuses to Submit
Plebiscite
MANY RESOLVES
MADE BY LABOR
National Oouncll Against Conscription
and Generally Critical of Conditions ln Dominion.
armed to the teeth with suggestively
wicked instruments of mutilation and
death, quite clearly established the bonn
fldes of the authorities and removed all
doubt as to the purity Of motive lying
behind the entire conscription scheme.
But the way the noble Bona of the republic came through on registration day
showed quite conclusively that the authorities had failed to properly size up
tbe mental and moral fibre of the material they set out to conscript. No
threat was necessary to make them
come through. Police, soldiers, machine
guns and other murder stuff was en-
merits for having rid himself of his
ridiculous notions of scverign rights and
all that sort of wind on bis mental
stomach. Of course, it will take a little
time to got the new '' kultur'' to working right, but a people who have been
foolish for a century and a half can not
expect to become wisely "kultured"
In two jerks of a lamb's tail. They
will get their "places in the sun" in
due course, if tbey but exercise a modicum of patience. Wilson will, no doubt,
assume the title of "Supreme War
Lord and Admiral of the Atlantic." He
will surely be entitled to it after lick
tirely-uncalled for.  The slaves came of. ing thejtaiserund swiping his "kul-
T' .... Fletcher,
tbeir own volition. It was not even
necessary to shake a handful of oats
before them, as we were often compelled to do when sent to the pasture to
catch a mule. The American slave has
evidently been too well trained to even
think of dodging the yoke when he is
ordered to stick his neck into it. He is
like a well-trained ox. He knows thnt
his neck waB made for tbe yoko, instead
of the yoke for his neck. We are
pleased to record that the sheep-like
docility with which
"Prussian    kultur,"
tur."    Then   DnnielB,   	
Woods, BombasteB Furiosi) Roosevelt
and the balance of the duly qualified
military and naval up-to snuffs, will be
mode   *'vonn."   tha   tiiwrtfnl   "rairln   "#
made "vonB," the tuneful "rattle of
the sabre" will be heard, the "shining
armour''   will   shine   gloriously,   the
swaggering bully in uniform will elbow
the stupid citizen into the gutter nnd
crippled shoemakers will be vniorouBly
"Zabernized,"   to   the   glory   of   thc
t fatherland, and the affirmation of the
they   embraced j true faith and the "Prussian kultur"
thus    pledging  that is its most perfect blossom.   The
themselves to the "gooBe step" and the  bond of tbe Americun labor movement
swagger of the true faith, was almost   (Ood save the mark) will become the
Socialist Party
of Canada
Meetings every Sunday
night, 8 o'clock
REX THEATRE
Speaker next Sunday:
J.HARRINGTON
No Compromise!
After a momentous sitting, the National Lnbor conference, on Saturday,
passed a resolution against conscription,
urging the organized workers of the
country to oppose it with every means
in their power.
The conference also placed itself on
record as in favor of the nationalization of tbe railroads of Canada and all
the cool fields; the appointment of a
food and fuel controller; public ownership of cold storage plants, abattoirs
and canneries, and in favor of the passage of an order-in-council giving municipalities the right to operate coal and
wood Yards.
The following is the statement of the
deliberation issued for publication by
the press committee:
"By an overwhelming majority the
delegatea to the labor conference have
recorded themselveB as opposed to conscription. The special committee on
conscription presented their unanimous
report which stated:
" 'We declare ourselves aB most em*
phatically oppoBed to the proposed conscription measure, an'd we urge the
workers in Canada to oppose by every
menns in their power the enactment of
Buch legislation.' "
Scnthiag denunciation of the government and opposition in the federal
house were made by delegates from
various provinces on the petty party
politics which had been displayed during the war, while speculation and food
Brofiteering ran riot over the country.
lelegatcB touched upon the great sum-'
bers of men from their organizations in
the battle line and tbe sacrifices of the'
trade unionists, while the profiteers
were allowed to exploit the dependents'
of soldiers nnd tbe working people of
Canada generally.
unanimous among the Americans
Tuesday laBt. The only notnblo exceptions were those of about 000 foreigners In Butte, Mont., and a bunch of Indians down in Arizona. The former had
evidently not been long enough out of
the dutches of the "Prussian kultur"
of Europe to have gotten over being
cloyed with the peculiar richness of its
flavor. This should be tbeir excuse,
and the assuranco may be safely given,
that if they aro allowed to remain in
America, their association with tho rest
of the docile bunch of braves will in
THE MEMBERS of Vancouver City
Firemen's 'union, No. 15363, have
decided to make un application to the
minister of labor at Ottawa for a bonrd
under the provisions of thc federnl Industrial Disputes Act. President Allan
Wntaon and Secretary Sydney Jackson,
through a majority vote of the union,
hnve been authorized to make the application. V. R. Midgley, secretnry of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
hns been named by the firemen to net
for them on the board. i
The other party to the dispute. Vancouver City council, "will be served with
the necessnry notices today. The demands made by the firemen, of tbe city
council, is for tho adoption of the two-
platoon system (consisting of two
shifts of ten end fourteen houra) for
tho fire department, in place of the
present Bystem o,f continuous duty of
twenty-one hours por day, with every
seventh day (24 hours) off duty.
Negotiations Made to Date.
The City Firemen's union presented a
petition to the city council in December,
1910, signed by 8000 qualified voters of
the city of Vancouver, requesting that
a plebiscite be submitted to the electorate in the January, 1917, city election,
on the question of tbe adoption of the
two-platoon system. The council refused to submit the plebiscite, on the
ground thnt they hnd no power under
the city chnrter, legally to do so. In
May, 1017, the union offered to accept,
ob a compromise during the wnr, an increase in wnges, with one day off in
four, with the undemanding thnt the
two-platoon syBtem would be inaugurated1 at the conclusion of the war. The
couneil has- restored the wages to the
pre-war standard, but has not granted
the one-dny-off-in-four, or given any
promise with reference to the two-platoon syBtem.
Last Night's Meeting Deals
With Diversity of
Live Topics
President McVety Is Choice
of Organized Labor as
Candidate
The attendance of delegates at last
night's nieeting of Vancouver/ Trades
and Labor council was proof positive of
the increasing membership of organized labor ana the growing Interest in
tbe central legislative body. Fifty-
seven members signed the roll. From
tbe minute of opening until tbe close
there was not a dull moment and the
diversity of subjects covered would, if
enlarged upon, make ample material for
a book. The debates were conducted ia
an earnest and businesslike innnner and,
as speakers many .of the delegates are
a credit to tbe local trades union movement. Some of the more important topics, not dealt with elsewhere in tut
issue, were: "V
Choice of Lahor Candidate.
The compilation of returns for the
selection.of the Council's choice of a
Labor candidate resulted as follows:
Nmm of Orf inlsstlon.
Brotherhood   of   Carpenters,  No.  617....
St.  Rljr.   Em ploy eei....
Tailora      _-'.-.
Barben
Ibfpwrlghta and
Caulkera
'talkers      __
Steam  Engineer! ......     4
City  Firemen       10
Sheet Metal Workers
Amal. Carpenters ....
Structural Iron
Workera    „	
Painters, No. 138 ....
Mov. Pic. Operators..
Theatrical Stage
Employees 	
Machinists    	
Typographical   	
Bartenders   	
Brewery Workers ....
Garment Workers  ....
Civic Employees 	
Boot & Shoe Workers
Tile   Layers    	
Cigar Makers  i
"I deny that courage enters into the (conscription)
question. Thc truth is that
the people are disgusted
with the profit mongcring
that has been going on during the war. They think,
and rightly, that their lives
are of as much value to them
as wealth is to thc munitions
manufacturer, and it* they
are to be conscripted, wealth,
all of it, should bc conscripted first. Is such a thought
criminal? If so, the rich
man's wealth must be far
more important than thc
poor man's life. Were the
government to take over all
the wealth of the country for
the common good, there
would be no need to conscript men. Canada would
provide a volunteer army
which would prove a surprise to some conscript countries. ''—H. M. Fitzgerald,
Tranquille Sanatorium.
prototype of the German Scheideinan
and ae for socialists, there are i
O. N. E. COMPANY CONCEDES
SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE
Employees' System Federation Representatives Beach Agreement.
The Canadian Northern Railway System Federation, which has been negotiating at Winnipeg with the railroad company for some days, has reach
tur BwiuiiKB, inere are none in \c_ a settlement whereby "the company
the country.   There will be, therefore, I ™!ftntB the mcn nn increttBe of sis' cents
bknocbta to  be put  tn  prison '      -
The " goose jitflj)" will become the na
no LiebknechtB to be put in prison.
Tho " goose jitflp" will become the national gait, and whoever invented the
term should have a monument erected
to his memory, as being the greatest wit
and the keenest satirist that ever came
down the turnpike of time.
COUGHLAN STRIKE RESULTS
IN VICTORY FOR EMPLOYEES
Secured Eight-hour Day and Substantial Increase in Wages,
After a two weeks' strike, the men
employed in the Coughlan shipyard returned to work on Tuesday morning,
being granted tbe rates nnd conditions
which they asked for previous to going
on strike. The result is n complete vie-,
tory for the strikers, who stood solid to i
the last. The manner in which the
strike and negotiations were conducted
is a credit to all concerned, there being
no signs of violence or rowdyism at
any time, This settlement not only gives
the men affected u shorter workday,
but, in most cases, very substantial increases in wages, varying from 2c to
15c per hour. Practically every man in
thc plant is now n union man, the strike
being very beneficial from an organizing viewpoint.
centB
an hour in the Winnipeg district, four
cents in the Edmonton district, and
five cents nt coast pointB. This makes
a flat rnte from the head of thc lakes
to the Pacific coast. Those affected by
the increase are machinists, boiler
mnkers, blacksmiths, pattern makers,
sheet metal workers, tinsmiths, coppersmiths, steam-fitters, moulders, specialists and helpers. Between 1,000 und
2,000 men come under this new ngreement. Machinists in locnl contract
shops are still on striko for 55 cents nn
hour.
NEW MACHINISTS' LOOAL
Membership Now Numbers Over 100— |
Affiliating with Central Bodies.
On Tuesday, the 12th inst., local No. j
777, I. A. of M., will elect and install
officers for the balance of the year, j
Between Ofl ond 70 new members will I
be initiated. The local hns now over!
100 members, nnd is enrolling more
daily. It hue already affiliated with
the Metal Trndes council, und will, on j
Tuesday, affiliate with the Trades and
Labor council. i
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
ed Engineers; Pattern Mnkers:
BUNDAY, June 10—Stage Employees; Musicians,
MONDAY, June 11—Amnlgamnt-
Electrical Workors; Boilermakers; U. B. Carpenters, No. 017;
Bro. Locomotive Engineers;
Street Railwaymen'« Executive.
TUESDAY, June 12—Stone Cutters; Pressmen; Barbers; Machinists, No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, June loV-Stereo-
typers; Metal Trades Council;
Street Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, June 14—Sheet Metal Workers; Steam Engineers;
Painters; Shipwrights and Caulkers; Machinists, No. 182,
FRIDAY, June 15—Railway Carmen; Granite Cutters; Molders;
Civic Employees; Pile Drivers
& Wooden Bridge Builders.
SATURDAY, June lG-Barbers.
94    «0 272 621 881
Deputy Minisftr of Labor.
A communication from Prince Rupert
Trades and Labor council,    suggested
that the government be urged to ap-
Soint a nominee of organised labor as
eputy minister of labor, the selection
to be made by a referendum vote of
the membership of the B. C. Federation
of Labor. The suggestion was endorsed.
Garment Workers Secure Increaie.
Del. Miss Bennett, Garment Workers, reported that the membership had
secured new agreements, carrying wage
increases of from 15 to 26 per cent.
Movie Operaton Laid Off.
As the result of curtailment of boon
in local movie houses, 15 operators
have been laid off, at least temporarily.
Endorse 8. P. of O. Manifesto.
The Conscription Manifesto, issued
by the S. P. of C, published elsewhere
in this issue, wbb read and Unanimously
endorsed.
President Hoop Resigns.
Del. Wight reported that W. H. Hoop
of the Federated Letter Carriers of
Canada, had resigned, and a new officer
would be elected by referendum. Mr.
Hoop is now doing splendid organisation work in his home town.
Assistance for Sugar Refinery Strikers.
The sum of $112.50 wns received
from labor unions, making $333.75 in
all, for the striking Sugar Refinery
workers' fund.
Complaints Against the "Snn."
Del. Crawford, Mctnl Trades Council,
introduced n resolution asking that tho
Vancouver Daily Sun be placed on the
unfuir list because of its refusal to
accept a paid advertisement offseting
accepted space from Coughlan's, during the  recent strike.
Dels. Benson and Trotter, Typos.r
protested on the grounds that the Sun
was the product of members of the Allied Printing Trades.
Upon motion it was decided to name
special committee to moot the Sun
management and seek nn explanation.
Committee: Dels. Miss Gutteridge, Rigby and Dickenson.
Want Municipal Fuel Yard.
Upon motion of Del. Benson the
city council will be urged to establish
municipal fuel yard.
Del. Kelly urged that thc local team-
stern be reorganized.
Attendance Roll.
Statistician W. H. Cottrell reported
the following delegntcs present:
Typoa.—G. Hartley, H. C. Benson, H. b.
Cony, W. R. Trotter.
Marhlniita—J. Brookes, A. R Towler. Geo.
Lyle,   W.  II.  Hawthort). J.  H.  McVety.
Shoe Workers—T. Corey.
Steam Knitineers—J. P. O'Neill, W. Walker.
Sheet Metal Worker*—A. J. Crawford.
Movie Operator»—-A. 0. Hansen, J. R. Foster.
Amalgamated Carpenters—K, Edmonds, R.
McCortnack.
Dredttprmen—A.  W. Cockran,   6.  Ritcher.
Press A*(tlstants—F. W. June.
Pattern   Makers—R.   MeDnuKitll,   Aj Walt.
Brotherhood o/ Carpenters—J. H. Cop-
plnff. A. McDonald, (t. Thorn.
Longshoremen—A. Tree. G, Thomas. G. J.
Kelly,  J.   Knvnnnuli
Barbers—8. H. Grant, J, P. Ferris.
Painters—D. Lemon, W. Knight.
Retail Clerks—C.  I).  Brnci.  A. P. Glen.
Civic Kmiilnvi-rs'-G. W. MeFarhn. G. Harrison. V. R.  Midgley.
Waitresses—A. Graham.
Brewery Workers—J. Pipe.
Street Hallway Men—R. E. Rigby. W. H.
Cottrell, 4, Mclnnes, F. A. Hoover.
Iron Workers—Roy  Masstear.
Mulders—A, H. Donaldson.
Sailors' Union—W. 8. Burns.
Cigar Makers—H.  S.  Kurbiti.
pl.imlie«—F. Welhh.
Letter Carriers—,).  Dodd.  F.  Knowles, B.
Wlttht, .1. Cass.
Tailors—0.  8.
Gutteridge.
Gnnnent Wcrl.ors—Miss B. Bennett
1 ifty-irvcn numbers present,
Oren,  3. T.  Ellsworth, PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLOMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IBIDAY......... June 8, 1917
THE
INCOBPOBATED
186S
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets ....
Deposits
 178,000,000
. 54,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
Por the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Comer Haatinga and Gamble Sta.
t. Edward Snn    Offlee: S.y. 4ne
SEARS &PATTON
Berriiteri, Solicitors, Coeveytacari, Etc.
Vlotoria aad Vancouver
Vancouver Offloe: 618-7 Rog.ro Bldg.
VASOOUVEB, B. 0.
T. B. CUTHBERTSON ft 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
MO Granville Street
eie Hastings Street Weit
OLELAND-DIBBLE ENGRAVING OOMPANY
Limited
PHOTO  ENOBAVEB3.   OOMMER*
OIAL ABUSES
Pbone Seymonr 7169
Third Floor.  World Bonding.
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
The only Union Shop In Vancouver.
Phona Sey. 6183  1206 Granville
ROOTS Auto Top Co.
SEAT COVERS, AUTO UPHOLSTERING, TOPS RE-COVERED
ELEOTBIO nSTDBIS AI COST
PBIOBS
Set u and tave money.
The Jarrii Electric Co., Ltd.
870 Richards Straet
ASS TOTO OBOOEB POB
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, aad
MOTHERS' FAVORITE
FLOUR
UXIOK WLLEB
J. PHILLIPS A 00., Angle „.
Phono MM Ull HaaUton
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
HemitltebiBK, bnttone covered, eeal*
loppini. button holei, pinking, iponl*
Ing and lariaklni, letterlnf, ploot ed»-
tal,   pleelini,   neblnc,   embroidery,
eeTotuvuie St. isi» Boogue St.
VAKOOUVBB, B.O. VI0TOEIi~B.O.
-     i Sey. Sin Phonelieo
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Oppoilu Later Temple
VASOOUVEB, A. 0.
Headqnirtero for Labor men.   Batee
75o aud fl.00 per day.
♦2.80 por week aad ap.
Oata at Beaienable Batei.  .
i I ...
To memben of any union In Canada a
epeeial rato for Tbe Federationlit of 11
per year—If a elub of 10 or more Ie eent
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servico
1019 OEOEOIA STBEET
Ono Block west ot Court Houee.
Vie of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlora free to all
Patrona.
Telephone Seymour 8488
IB. C. A
Published every Friday morning by Uie B, 0.
Federrtloaist, Limited
B. Perm. Pettipiece. .Meneger
Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymonr 7496
Subscription:  $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, |2.00; to unloni subscribing
in ft body, $1.00.
REPRESENTATIVES
New Westminster W. Tetes. Box 1021
Prince Rupert. 8. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria  A. S. Wells, Box 1588
"Unity of Libor:   Ute Hope of tbe World'
FBIDAY...
...June 8,
standpoint of thoae who arc not in its
favor. These gallant "veterans" in
the "war for democracy and liberty"
nobly upheld the military tradition, by
beating up the speaker,F. J. Dixon,
M.L.A. for Winnipeg centre, and otherwise conducting themselves in a manner most properly becoming to patriotic and loyal hoodlums, No more unanswerable argument could possibly be
offered to demonstrate the imperative
necessity of the adoption of military
compulsion before the pro-Germans,
slackers, shirkers, pacifists and other
disloyal persons ahall have betrayed 'as
to tho wicked "Huns" and our blessed
"democracy and liberty" be lost.
*        *        *
I    In the interest of'' democracy'' and to
1917 defend   the   "ancient   liberties" of
which we are bo proud and which wc of
r-pHE FEDERATIONIST   is   not in  Canada hold so dear, tho police force
favor of conscription, cither military or otborwise. We recognize that compulsory aervice is the cornerstone of slavery. Compulsory servitude in the ruling class industry of hu
of Hamilton, Ont., has barred all anti-
conscription meetings in that city. A
meeting of several hundred citizens
which had gathered on Inst Sunday for
the purpose of presenting thc anti-con-
SOME WEIGHTY . ita ultimate and
ARGUMENTS FOB supremo oxpres-
OONSOBIFTION sion. In that respect, German
junkcrdom stands at tho apex of
achievement and its "kultur" is in a
class by itself. But however much we
may differ from those who are afflicted with the conscription microbo, we
are, nevertheless, disposed at all times
to be fair, and give to whatever arguments they may have to offer in support of their cause, such consideration
as their importance and merit may conclusively demand. From the columns
of the daily press, that purling brook
of purity nnd righteousness that glad-
deneth the heart and bringeth solace
to tho harried soul of tho wandorer in
the wilderness who seeketh tbe truth
and yearneth for moral guidance along
the pathway of a righteous and pious
life, we glean the following moat convincing arguments in favor of the immediate bestowing 'upon tho peoplo of
Canada the inestimable blessing of military conscription.
* *      *
A meeting called by free citizens of
the Dominion of Canada at thc Labor
Temple in the city of Toronto on Sunday, Juno 3, for the purpose of sotting
forth the reasons, why thoy did not
believe it to be for the good of the Canadian people that conscription should
be adopted, was broken up and "hysterical men and women" driven into
the streets by "returned soldiers." Tho
"300 or 400 war veterans" that set
forth this eminently appealing and convincing argument in favor of conscription was "in command of Sergt.-Major
Lowcry." And what more coavincing
argument could poasibly be offered
than such gallant and. manly action upon the part of "veteran" soldiers in
the great war for "democracy and liberty" than that J If volunteers in
the cause of "democracy end liberty,"
that cause that is so dear to the hearts
of all mouth and pocket patriots, are
to come back from heroic sorvico at
the front so thoroughly devoted to that
cause as are those heroes of Toronto,
it should bo perfectly clear to even the
dullest person that the virtue of military servitude is so compelling that it
would be Uttle less than critainal to refrain from bestowilig this blessing upon the thoughtless multitude, that
through apathy ond indifference threatens to miss it.
* *      *
Upon tho samo Sabbath evening that
the gallant "veterans" of the pious
city of Toronto so splendidly uphold
the tradition of British liberty, by this
display of low hoodlumism, and for
which they were not evon robuked by
the city authorities, nor yet by any of
the spiritual guardians of that most
holy burg, a similarly convincing argument why the people of Canada should
be compelled to accept the embrace of
the beast of Prussian militarism, was
offered to the citizens of Winnipeg.
Two hundred and fifty "returned soldiers" broke up a meeting that had
been called for the purpose of discussing the conscription   issue   from tbe
man slaughter  is  scription attitudo, was "dispersed" by
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1800
Gnpifal |iuid-up .
Rcsorve Funds .
.4 12,911,000
14,324,000
Total Assists   287,000,000
BEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL
410 blanches I
i Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT i
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday,
tereat credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal.
In*
—SAVE YOUB MONBT-
0. 8. HARBISON. Manager.
OranviUe and Pender
8TABT A BANE ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away your spare
cash in any old corner where it ir
in danger from burglars or lire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits,
0. N. STAOBY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
tho police. Of course we know what
that means. Just official hoodlumism,
that's all. And in defense of thc Empiro, that sacred guardian and champion of "democracy and liberty," at
that. Argument most convincing that
tho adoption of compulsory military
aervice is for the common good nnd ia
undoubtedly prompted by the purest
and most disinterested motives.
* # *
And now cometh words of divine wisdom, straight from the lips of one of
the Lord's annointcd. No leaa an authority than tho pastor of Wesley
church of thia city, Bev. Ernest
Thomas, put forth from the pulpit on
last Sunday the finishing clinch to the
argument in favor of rescuing tho people of Canada from their present undemocratic and enslaved condition, by
rivctting the shackles of enforced
Prussian militarism upon them for thc
purpoao of securing their freedom. Thc
good parson's most convincing and unanswerable logic can be aet forth in no
more complete and simple words than
tho following, clipped from one of the
local daily champions of truth and righteousness:
Thrice in the modern world has
conscription been initiated. The first
timo was by the French republic,
whon it sent forth ita army of liberation. That army of conscripts went
over mountain and desert to offer
freedom to tbo nations. But it pasaed
undor the sway of a military despotism and a new call went out; this
timo from the pulpit of Schleiormach-
er in Berlin, calling the people to a
war of liberation; and the day wns
famous for the reading of the first
call in Germnny to compulsory service
by evory man in the interests of European freedom. Again there came a
German military despotism nnd tho
call went forth a third time, from
the mothor of parliaments and democracy. Thus the term conscription
has been thrico baptized in the blood
of sacrifice. One might almost say
that conscription is a new covenant
in the blood of self-surrender to supreme dovotion.
No further argument is necessary.
The parson has taken the wind out of
the sails of all opposition. Twice, he
declares, have the people beon betrayed
into the handa of n brutal military despotism, by tho conscription route. And
now the "mother of parliaments" has
called for the third betrayal, and the
good parson is heartily in favor of it.
Thrico betrayed and "thrico baptized
in the blood of sacrifice." Betrayal
and baptism nro, apparently, a well-established part of his creed of life, no
doubt duo to the part they have alwaya played in the business which he
followa. It is not true that "conscription is a new covenant in the blood of
self-surrender to supremo devotion." It
is an old covenant in thc blood of an
enforced sacrifice upon the altar of autocratic rule. In these things are to bc
found the most weighty arguments yet
offered ln favor of thrusting thc yoke
of Prussianism upon the democratic
and liberty-loving poople of this western continent. But such arguments are
not calculated to appeal to thc intelligence and reason of mon. That is why
they are put forth, No other sort of
argument has yet been invented for the
purpose. In fact, no other is possible,
because conscription is slnvery, and
slavery is an infamy tbat cannot be palliated or excised. It must be enforced
with a club.' Or a bayonet will do quite
as well.
forth under the caption, "Thc True
Patriots Inspiration.''
* . * *
Outside of "Jimmy's" editorial effusion, the chief merit of which consisted in the building of a merveloasly
beautiful glass palace for the future,
and tho pictures of a score or more
memberB of organized labor who have
made the "supreme sacrifice," the entire edition is given up to clearly setting forth "the truo patriot's inspiration. '' Every page ia covered with pictures of patriotie buainess men, lawyers,
doctors, professors, patriotic fund officials, red cross solicitors, rotarians and
similar earnest souls in tho struggle for
liberty. That there aro fulsome write-
ups of the worthy persons whose pic-
turel appear, goes without saying, for
the inspiration of tho very edition itself Ib to get the money. That is all
there is to it, and that is evidently
what BuggeBted to the voluble and noisy
"Jimmy" the eminently appropriate
title for his editorial effort. The excellent pictorial display of the cleverest
and most successful financial artists in
the modern art of getting the money, is
proof positive of what the versatile
"Jimmy" had on his mind whon he
took hiB vitrolic brush in hand to paint
his paluco. And we must confesB that a
finer display of mercantile talent was
nover to our knowledge mode. The
most of them look to be of suitable age
and phyaically fit for trench work. That
they are not in the trenchea, nor yet on
their way there, might lead some carping critic to suggest that evidently
"The True Patriot's Inspiration" is to
Btay at home and got the monoy, rather
than go to the trenches and get killed.
Was "Jimmy" inspired when ho wrote
under that caption? Is his pictorial
display of business pirates who successfully sail the war swept sea of capitalist civilization and joyfully gather the
luscious profit in the midst of its storm,
and tempest and bloody horror, merely
intended ns n clever sntiro upon the
prevalent .mouth-patriotism of noisy
conventionality, fo& tho purpose of
stripping it of its mask and disclosing
its "truo inspiration?" But at any
rate this "patriotic edition" is tho
most remarkable production ever got
out in the name of organized labor, and
that is surely going;some, "Jimmy's"
mug in the midst of thofce business patriots reminds us of "Peter Babbit"
surrounded by Buster bears, old man
coyotes, reddy foxes and jimmy Bkunks.
dress at Philadelphia recently. "In
the same year," ,she continued, "the
number of British soldiers killed in
battle averaged nine an hour." As
everybody knows that the tremendous
infant mortality of the age is largely
due to the poverty stricken living conditions of the slaves of capitalist civilization, and that the slaughter of
human beings upon the battlefield is
purely a ruling class festivity or, pastime, the patriotic duty of woman
should be perfectly clear.
Just to emphasize the fact that the
nations that-are championing "democracy and liberty" .are strictly on to
their job, the United States authorities
have refused passports to American
delegates to the Socialist peace conference to be held at Stockholm, Sweden.
Those silly socialists ought to know
that the interests of democracy and liberty can not be conserved by even
thinking about peace. The tree of
"democracy and liberty" can only be
nourished by plentiful and continuous
applications of blood, guts and gore.
Tnat is the "democracy and liberty"
that all governments have in mind.
Germany las granted passports, but
then she is fighting for autocracy, and
that is different. See the point! Not
Well, you must need fixing then.
'There can be no referendum in
Canada over the mattor of National
Service. If a voto were taken there
is no doubt that a large majority would
port tho policy."
lius boldly spenkoth the News-Advertiser editorially. If thoro is no
doubt that a large majority" would
support conscription, if the matter wore
pat to a vote, then the simplest and
quickest way to settle it would bo to
hold an election. All objectors to conscription would bo effectually silenced
by such a verdict. That tho Borden
govornment does not go to the country
upon that issue is all the proof necessary to show that it dares not try tho
experiment. It would be overwhelmingly defeated. Borden well knows it.
In fact everybody knows it, evidently,
except the Nows-Advortiser.
THEBE ABE patriots and patriots.
Thero aro patriotic schemes, patriotic funds, patriotic societies,
patriotic Bongs, patriotic prayers, patriotic sermons, putriotic ceremonies, and
even patriotic hood*
"THB TRUE ljms, but thc very
PATRIOTS cap sheaf of nil patri-
INSPIRATION" otic enterprise is
brought to our attention by receipt of the "Patriotic Edition" of thc Industrinl Bnnnor. The
Bnnner nnnounccs itself in large type
upon its title page, ns "The Official
Newspaper of Organized Labor." Jns.
Simpson is managing editor of Tho
Banner. Everybody in the Canadian
Lnbor movement, and then some, knows
"Jimmy." For ia ho not also the rattling spoke in thc wheel of thc Canadian Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada. "Jimmy" can be heard, and
that largely accounts for his being bo
widely known. "Jimmy" knows how
to mnke n noise wben it becomes necessary to attract attention. That is hia
chief strong point. Woll, he has sure-
ly made a loud noise with his "patriotic edition," for it is a veritable
screnm, when considered from n labor
point of view. One cannot refrain from
experiencing patriotic qualms over tho
display of gaudily colored flags and
maple leaves upon the title page, but
still the roal moat is on the inside,
where "Jimmy's" editorial power is
convincingly  and   overwhelmingly   act
BOTAL OITT MACHINISTS
MAKING SPLENDID PROGRESS
Rapidly Lining Up Union Condltlona in
All tbe Work Shops Involved.
NEW WESTMINSTER, Juno 7.—At
a largely-attended meeting of New
Westminater local No. 151, I. A. of M.,
held thia evening, a report was received
from the committee, handling schedule
negotiations at Winnipeg with the C.
N. B., through B. Walker, advising
them of the signing of the agreement
granting an increase of wages of 20 per
cent.
It was also reported that arrangements had -been made with the company to run the work train into Westminster station, thus saving a three-
mile walk night and morning.
Complaint was made regarding the
manner in which the Workmen's Compensation board was handling claims,
and the delegates to the 'Trades and
Labor council were instructed to report
to that body and have the matter investigated.
The men employed in the various contract shops intend making demand in
the course of a week or so, for the
same htfurs and conditions as exist in
Vancouver.
From the stronouB efforts being put
forth by the U. 8. governmont to dis*
poao of its '' liberty bonds'' to thc wngo
slaves and other financial itinerants, it
would almost lead to tho suspicion that
they are looked upon as the guiltiost of
all gilt-edged securities in thc market.
Otherwise these aforesaid linnncial
powers would greedily grab them up.
According to the always reliable
daily press, the workers of Russia aro
"domanding more than the total products of industry." Alongside of such
avnricc as that the achievements of
B. T. Rogers of local sugar refinery
fame and similur amateur capitalist
pirates of industry appear to be thc
work of pikers.
"Tho iniquitous poll tax, imposbd by
the provincial government at the session just closed will, it is said, raiae
$100,000 revenue, but it will prove to
havo been a,$500,000 investment in political imbecility," observed n Labor
Temple business ngent this morning, as
a Federationist representative passed
him on the iparble stairs. And thus
ono oftimeB secures impressions — in
passing.
"At a mnsB meeting of thieves in
Petrograd to insist upon their rights
under tho new freedom, somo of the
delegates had their pockets picked,"
says the Ottawa Citizen. At a parliament of politicians in Victoria, held for
the purposo of washing Conservative
dirty linon, some of tho supposed pure
laundry workers, much to their discomfiture, had their pockets turned wrong
side out.
"No man has a right to bo in parliament unless tho people are behind
him," anys J. C. Watson, of tho Australian Labor party. Quite true, no
doubt, But wo have not a fow parliamentarians now holding down Beats
in British Columbia who would not
stand much of n chance of ever being
returned there if the people could once
get in front of them long enough to see
what thoy aro doing to earn their
money.
From figures compiled by the United
States bureau of labor statistics, we find
that food prices hnve increased 01 per
cent, since 11)07, while wages have advanced only 10 per cent. It may thus
bo Boon how nicely and satisfactorily
tho betterment of the conditions of the
workers is going on. Another ten yoars
of similar conditions and the really golden ngo of labor will be knocking nt
tho door. Let us redouble our efforts
to push thc cur of progress along.
Plensc don't laugh while we aro doing
Tho United States government is
floating a huge loan known as a "liberty loan." The bonds issued are termed "liberty bonds." Many crimes
hnve been committed in the name of
liberty nnd mnny jokes have been per-
pctrated at her expense, but there mnst
have boen a most pronounced vein of
perhaps unconscious sarcasm in the
makeup of the inventor of the terms,
"liberty lonn," and,"liberty bonds."
"Liberty bonds." A most delightful
conception, covering tho rankest contradiction imaginable. It is as good if not
even better than "the liberty of the
a.ibject,"
Mayor McBeath was one of tho
speakers at tho Orpheum theatre meeting Sunday evening, Mny 27. Thc purpose of the meeting wns to boost tho infliction of enforced military Bervico upon the people of Cnnada. The mayor
spoke earnestly nnd convincingly in
favor of the abrogation of democracy
nnd the enthronement of military autocracy in Cnnada. It seems thnt ho is
an ardent conscriptionist. Ab ho is n
man right in the prime of life, and evidently physically and mentally fit for
active servico in the trenchcB or anywhere else that the god of war may
determine, why is he not at the front
hurling bombs at tho enemy, instead of
remaining safely hero in Vancouver,
far, far from the danger lino? We nro
told that thero aro many "slnckors"
hereabouts, but suroly the mayor is not
one. Out upon auch a ridiculoua presumption.   	
DEATH OF JAMES FLETOHEB
Ex-President of Street  Railway  Employees' Union Passes Away,
By the death of Mr. James Fletchor,
245 Fourteenth avenue enst, which occurred at 3 a.m. yesterday, Pioneer Div-
ision No. 101, Street Railway Employees* Union has lost one of its oldest
members, and the travelling public will
miss one of tho lnost notnblo figures on
the cars.
Tho late Mr, Fletcher, who has for
years been motorman on tho Sixteenth
avenuo run, joined tho company .14
years ago, and during that period has
proved a most efficient nnd vnlunblo
member of his union, being identified
with the central lnbor body for years.
Born in Bournemouth, England, thc
deceased had reached his 47th year, and
leaves to mourn his loss n widow and
three children, two girls and one boy.
A brother nnd sister of tho deceased,
Mr. Frank Fletcher and Mrs. Huntor,
nlso reside in the city, whilo another
brother, Walter, is nt present-serving
the'Empiro in France, having gone
from Vancouver with the 07th battalion.
Funeral services will be held at tho
Groto Undertaking Pnrlors on Snturdny
at 2 p.m., Dr. Sipproll, of Mount Picas-
nnt Methodist church, officiating, after
which interment will bo made in Mountain View cemetery.
GALT, ONTARIO, BOOT AND
SHOE WORKERS ON STRIKE
Over 200 Union Employees Determined
to Enforce Union Conditions.
E. W. A. O'Dcll, goneral organizer of
tho Boot & Shoe Workers' Internntionnl
union, with heudqunrtors at Hamilton,
Ont., who is well-known throughout tho
Lnbor movement in Canada, nd vises
Tho Federationist that the firm of
Messrs. Getty & Scott Co:. Gait, Ont., is
at present unfair to his organizntion.
Two hundred of his union employees arc
on striko for the maintenance of union
conditions. Tbe firm manufactures the
"Classic" shoe for women and childron
and the ."Liberty' 'and "Astoria" for
men. Union men will please noto and
govern themselves nccordinly. F, S,
Scott, M. P., is one of the firm abovo
mentioned.
SUBSTANTIAL RAISE FOR
C. P. R. EMPLOTEES
Fifteen Thousand Men From Coast to
Coast Are Affected.
Following negotiations between representatives of the Foderated Trades
and the Canadian Pacific Railway company, which wero concludod at Montreal Tuesday, tho company's locomotive mechnnics and cur department mechanics from Vnncouver to St. John, N.
B., will receive a-n increase of approximately 20 per cent, over their present
wages. Tho management of the Canadian government railways has, it is understood, also expressed itB intention of
offering a similar increnso to their shop
employees, while it is anticipated that
thc Cnnndinn Northorn, no win confer-
once in Winnipeg with representatives
of the Foderatod Trades, will adopt tho
aame arrangement.
Tho ngreement entorod into with tho
C. P. R. will affect about fifteen thousand mon. They had asked for nn increase of approximately 30 por cont. to
meet the high cost of living, and a compromise on tho basis of nbout 20 per
cent, was reached.
A number of questions affecting
working conditions were allowed to
stand over until aftor the wnr, as was
also thc question of an eight-hour day.
Metal Trades Oouncll.
A good meoting was hold Thursday
night, with a large turnout of delegates. All trades interested in orgnnization work, reported increases of membership. The delegates went on record
requesting 25-cont levy on all the membership, to meet trouble looming up, in
view of tho attitude of the Munitions
board, in allowing compnnies, organizod
hy thom, to break up conditions established. Wires M-oro ordered sent to Sir
J. W. FlavellO, T. W. Crothers, minister-
of Labor, and P. Butchard in protest
ngninst the attitude ndoptod, ,Thc delegates had thought all their troubles
wero ovor for a year, in view of the
agreement mado with the established
yards, but again they must arm for the
fight. -       -	
Russian Workers Biasing Away.
Tho threatened striko in 140 factories
in Petrograd engaged in motnl manufactures and other war work, which
wns fixed for Wednesday Inst, has been
averted. The strikers' claims were
granted, including the six-hour dny.
If there is an "overwhelming de-
mand" that conscription be adopted in
Cnnnda, does not tnot fact absolutely
deny any necessity for its adoption? If
thc "largo majority" is in favor of
conscription, nnd those who constitute
thnt majority nre honest and sincere in
their convictions, is a compulsory service law requisite to lead them to the
trenches? Is it because of this "overwhelming demand" for conscription
that recruiting in Canada has almost
become nil? Or is the demand for conscription to bo construed as simply
moaning the conscription of the othor
fellow?
SHIPTARD LABORERS
Charter Has Arrived for Newly-organised Local and Now Ono of Regulars.
The newly-organized Shipyards Laborers' union is making good strides in
organizing thc laborers employed in all
tho local yards. Tho charter haB arrived from tho A. F. of L. It is tho intention of tbe young organization to
ally itself with the Metal Trades council. Tho regular meetings will be held
in the Lnbor Temple on the first and
third Thursdays of the month. A general invitation is oxtended to all laborers employed in the various shipyards
to become members of the organization.
PAINTERS' UNION
Business Agent Grand and Orgnatser
Uhl a Busy Combination.
Businesd Agent H. Grand of tho
Paintors' union, reports tho initiation
of twelve new members at laat mooting.
Organizer GuS Uhl of PnBndona, Cal.,
wus in the city during the week, but
left for the Metal Trndes convention at
Portland a few days ago. He will, how*
ever, return to Vancouver next week,
and mnke an attempt to get tho employors to organise, so thnt tho union
can deal with them in a more satisfactory manner.
"Evory hour of 1015 claimed a toll
of twelve British babies' lives," said
Lady Aberdeen, wife of the former
governor-general of Canada, in an nd-
Greetings From Cent Belt.
TORONTO, Ont., May 31.—(Special
to The FoderationlBt). — Convey to
Vancouver Trados Council congratulations of the Dominion executivo Social
Democratic party on splendid stand
against compulsory military service.
You have taken stand decidedly encouraging to us and given splendid lend
to tbo Labor forces in Canada. More
strength to vn»ir nrm
BAINBBIDGE, Secretary.
FAVOR GENERAL STRIKE
IN EVENT OF CONSCRIPTION
MasB Meeting, Held Ry S. P. of O, Unanimous In Its, Decision,
At a mass meeting, held under tho
auspices of Vancouver local No. 1, Socialist Party of Oannda, in the Avenuo
thon tre Wednesday evening, packed to
tho "nigger heaven," nnd addressed by
Messrs. J. Harrington, J. Kavnnagh
and W. W. Lefeaux, the following night
1cttorgrn.m wns unanimously pnsBed and
wired the same evening to Sir Robert
Borden, promier, | Ottawa, Sir Wilfrid
Laurier, Ottawa, Col. Lavorgne, Montreal, James Simpson, Toronto, H. H
Stevens, M. P., Ottawa, tho mayor of
Quebec and tho provincinl executives of
the S, P. of C. at Winnipeg and Edmonton:
"Mass meeting of workers of
Vancouver, called by Socialist
Party of Canada, tonight, unanimously passed resolution opposing
conscription and pledging themselves to general strike in event of
measures becoming law. Theatre
crowded."
THEATRICAL
OOUNIET STOEE
COLUMBIA
TOMTOM
Come and bave a good time, perhaps
tak. bom. a side of b.con.
Biitlafl Stmt, aiar Abbott
PantageS
Unequalled V.ndevtUo Mesne
PAKTAOEB VAUDEVILLE
THESE IHOWI DAILY
1:45. TilO, OiU    leasoa'a Pries:
MaMaee, Ue) Bvonlnn, He, Me
Colonial   Theatre
Programme changed every Monday and Thursday.
POPULAR PBIOES
Moat up-to-date photo- play
house,
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancouver
Wa Want Tou to Do Tour
Furniture Business With 0s
WE WILL MAKE TEEMS TO
SUIT   TOUB   CONVENIENCE
Oar stook of Furniture le the bolt
tn tbe province. Whenever you want
enj-thlns In our line, eell In and look
It over.
HastingsFurr.itureCo.Ltd.
41 Hastings Street Waat
FORBES ft VAN H0RNE, Ltd.
Specialists
TOOLS
FINE OUTLEBT
Phona Sey. 3120
 538 Hastings Street West
DO IT NOW
Sot bur and havo tou old blejol.
made like new. We will enamel and
Bake roar wheal look Ilk. new (ran
IS.S0 np.   All kinds ot repairs at
HABBZN8 * ELLIOTT
8U-81I Howe HaeUofs Ml
PRINTING
1 OOWAN ft BROOKHOUSE
Labor Temple Preaa    lay. tm
Poultry Wanted
BEST PBIOES
HARRYSTEVENS
Pbone Seymour 1097
 910 Granville St!
Hotel Canada
SU Bichards Street
VANCOUVER
(Near Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
860 rooms, 100 with private baths.
Phone Seymour 8880
HOTEL DUNSMUIR
Vancouver's newest and most
complete sotel
European Plan $1.00 per Day Up
New electric auto bus meets all
boatB and trains free
Oor. Dunsmuir and Richards Sts.
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Sou-Van Milk
Should ba ln the home of every
UNION
man.
IS IT IN TOURS?
Fair. 2624
W. R. OWEN
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phona: Fair. 447
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, sliced,, por lb 30c
Ayrshire Bacon 30c and 35c
18 lbs. B. C. Sugar 81.66
Slater's Tea, lb 80c
Slater's Coffee, lb 26c
Apex Jnm, 4*lb. tins  45c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jello, 3 far 26c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
FBE8H MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to All Parte
131 Hastings St. Eaat   Say. 3262
830 Oranvllla Bt.     Sv. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
You Men
OF THE WOODS
OF THE FIELDS
OF THE MINES
OF THE HILLS
OI1 THE OITT STREETS
Remember there ara
LECKIE
BOOTS
on sale in all* good shoe stores,
for your particular wants—your
particular calling; made to withstand all weather conditions.
Look for the name on every
pair.
JfiOHl OmOIAL  PATES   VAEOOtrVEB
TBADES ADD LABOB OODEOIL
THE BRITISH CQLUMBU FEDERATIONIST
OmOIAL  PATEE  BEIfm O0&-
OHBIA  PEOBBATIW  Ot LAMB
EIGHTH YEAR.  No. 28
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 8,1917
If you realize what this label has done for vou, Mr.
Union Man,* make ft your duty to patronize A
UNION SHOP.
Make it a special point to inspect the
high-class quality of our goods and particularly the moderate prices. When you
have macfe your inspection, we believe you
will have full confidence in our ability to
serve you to your satisfaction.
We stake our reputation (and we have
one to be proud of) on the quality and
perfect fitting of ALL SUITS.
We believe that we make the best quality Suit for either men or women at a
price that can not be equalled in Vanoouver.
Our Suits are made oh the premises, by only expert UNION
TAILORS, who are masters of their craft. Will you come and1
determine for yourself whether our claims are justified?
ladies' Suits from
$32 to $45
lien's Suits from
$27.50 to $42
B. C. TAILORING CO.
128 HASTINOS STREET EAST
Established 1910 aa Union Shop ud Has always remained so.
ICE
Will Reduce the
High Cost of Living
Opening, A flCe
Covers
Simple
Practical
Efficient
ICSCHAHBEk
INSULATION
FOOD CHAMBER
$5
ALAMIEL
South Wellington Coal
VIOTOBIA, B. C: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269.  Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimalt Road.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. 0,: Greenhouses nnd Nursery on C. P. B.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out* Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Muin Store and Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
4S Hastings Street East,   Phones, Seymonr 088*672.
Branoh Store, Vancouver—728 Qranvllle Street.   Phone Seymonr 8513
The Sign
USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
TRADES UNIONISTS—IS THE BULS SUPPLIED TO TOUB HOME
DELITESED BT UNION LABOB?
. If lt Is not call at the
BeaconsMdHygienicDairy
PHONE rAIBMONT 1697
or drop a card to onr office, 905 Twentyfuurth Avenue Enst.
WS EMPLOY UNION' LABOR EXCLUSIVELY
WE GUARANTEE TO GIVE VOU SATISFACTION-OIVE US A CALL
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Fire Insurance, Aoeident Insuranoe, Estates
827 Sermour St.
MONEY TO LOAN
Phone Seymour 153
Significant Resolutions Are
Passed Dealing With
Imperialism
SOCIETIES GET
What the Australian Labor
Party Stands For and
Means to Get
SYDNEY, N. 8. W., May 1.—(Special
to The FederationiBt.)—The various
peace societies in Australia have been
holding representative meetings in the
■country of late, and among other matters the following resolutions have been
passed. As they should be of more
than passing interest to the readers of
this journal, I am dealing with them in
full.
The following are the resolutions:
"The Australian peace army protests
in the strongest terms against the inaction of the Australian parliament in regard to the discussion of peace terms
and of Australian representation at the
Imperial conference in London, as it is
certain that unless Australian demo-
crats make their voices heard on both
these questions, the peace terms will be
wholly unacceptable to Australia, and
the Imperial conference will commit
Australia to schemes of Empire and
future wars designed to buttress up the
existing unjust social Bystem, under
which the mass of the people suffer,
that a few may be supported in ease
and luxury.
"The peace army, therefore, asks the
Australian parliament to declare itself
against plans for imperial unity, which
can only interfere with Australian
rights of self-government and involve
Australia in England's future European and eastern entanglements. The
peace army alao asks the Australian
parliament to instruct the prime minister, and whoever else may represent
Australia at the imperial conference, to
lay before it its terms of peace, which
are in the main, those agreed upon by
tbe representative women of England,
Europe, America and Australia, and
which are as follows:—
1. Women to bo given equal political rights with men in all countries
where rupresentative govornment exists.
2. Education of children in principles of anti-militarism and internationalism.
3. Self-government not to be refused
to any people.
4. Abolition of conscription and every form of militarism.
5. Prohibition of press and platform
censorship,
6. Foreign policy to bo subject to
democratic control,
7. General disarmament to bc aimed
at by thc governments taking over the
manufacture of tho munitions of wnr;
and controlling international traffic in
them.
8. No territory to be transferred
without tho consent of the men and
women in it. The right of conquest not
to bo recognised.
9. Trade route on tho sea to bo open
on equal, terms to tho shipping of all
nations.
10. Investment to be mado at tho
risk of the investor, without claim tp
the official protection of his government.
11. Secret treaties to be void and
the theory of the balance of power to
bo abandoned.
12. The social system to be remodeled on n bnsis of co-operation so that
production and distribution shall be
controlled by the people, for the people,
13. International disputes to be referred to an international board of justice, in which men and women of all
clnsses Bhall be represented.
14. No declaration of war unless the
people declare in favor of it by referendum.
"Tho abovo resolutions are recommended to the serious thought of the
Australian people, and constitute the
line of action nlong which the peace
societies of Australia propose to work."
What the Labor Party Stands For.
Now that Australia is coming prominently before the world, it Ib timely
that wo should know just what the
Australian Labor party stands for. Already the Labor party has earned
world-wide praise for its work in the
cause of humanity, and the new platform for the year 1017 shows no diminishing of the good work it is hopeful
of enrrying out.
The Australian Labor party hai already provided the following measures:—
' One adult one vote; a white Australia; the abolition of black slavery;
equal pay to men and women for equal
Work in the government service; conciliation and arbitration for the settlement of disputes extending beyond the
borderi of a state: arbitration for public servants as well as for persons outside the publie service; wireless telegraphy; Commonwealth Labor bank;
Australian note issue; compensation to
workmen and relatives in case of accident or death; direct taxation in the
form of income and land taxes; Australian army and navy for defence only;
old age and invalid pensions; pensions
to the blind; war pensions for soldiers
and sailors and their dependents, and
maternity allowances,
*       Its Further Objective.
The objective of the Australian
Labor party is the cultivation of an
Australian sentiment based upon the
maintenance of racial purity, and the
development of an enlightened and aelf-
contained community. The securing of
the full results of their industry'to all
producers by the collective ownership
of monopolies and the extension of the
Industrial and economic functions of
the state and municipality. The prevention of war through the settlement
of international disputes by a tribunal
with powers sufficient to enforce itB
awards.
'' The Fighting Platform,
The fighting platform for the coming year embraces the following: effect
ive federation; new protection; nationalisation of monopolies; amendment of
the arbitration act; navigation lawi;
Commonwealth freight and paBBenger
steamers; restriction of public borrowing; electoral reform; national assurance; initiative and referendum; abolition of state governor and state nominee chambers or parliaments. Other
reforms indicated are effective taxation, Commonwealth sugar refineries,
civil equality to all men and women,
naval and military expenditure to be
allotted from proceeds of direct taxation, pensions for widows and orphan
children, the introduction of compulsory voting, and gradual atate ownership of monopolies.
—THE—
COAL
You Want Is
"Jingle Pot"
Has no equal for
HEAT AND LASTING
Today's prices are:
Screened Lump $7.50
Washed Nut $6.50
Washed Pea $4.50
PHONE ORDEB8 TO
rAIBMONT 8800
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson Ltd.
1620 MAIN BTREET
(Is Tsauivtr*
Oltr7l8.o0 7
$1.60 PER YEAR
CUMBERLAND CAMP IS
NO PLACE FOB MINEBS
Vanoouver   Employment  Sharks  Are
Misrepresenting Conditions.
CUMBERLAND, V. I., B. C, May 26.
—My last report, April 27, appeared in
The Federationist'under a South Wellington date-line, which is an Injustice
to the latter place, as there is no immediate cause for1 a strike thero so far
as I can learn. No. 6 mine is a "white
man's mine," and tho company has
good reason for making it so — the
white man is tho cheapest, production
considered. This rock dump is making it difficult for us from the Crows
Nest to break even, let nlono make any
coin. Many of us will migrate when
wo got the price. There is no such
thing as liberty in this camp; to be
seen in tho company of "Joe" Naylor,
the popular president of the B. C. Federation of Labor, is to be "canned."
We are adviBed that Vancouver employment agent sharks are advortiBing
on their boards that minors aro wtuitcd
over here at 82 cents per ton, whereaB
the prico really paid is only 67 cents,
but if be works 22 shifts per month he
receives u bonus of fivo por dent on the
07-cont rate, ■„
AMERICA'S DANGER
[Rev. John Haynes Holmes]
War and democracy uro incompatible.
When war comes, democracy gooB. . .
Already in our own country ',
tho dread work of militarism is under way. Already freedom of thought
is being denied, and liberty of conscience challenged. Already wc are in the
midst of such nn orgy of bigotry, intolerance and, persecution for opinions'
sake, as America has not seen since the
days of tho Salem witches. The wholo
fabric of democracy is threatened, the
priceless heritage of our fathers in peril
of Iosb. America haB never beon in
such danger aB she is todny—and the
source df the danger is at home and not
abroad. Hence my resolve to serve that
America which I love so well that I
would not have made her over into the
likeness of tbe militarism which she
clamors to destroy. I will do what I
can to safeguard free thought and free
speech, by practising both at-any cost.
I will do what I can to preserve liberty
of conscience, by exercising that liberty
without flinching. I will do what X can
to guarantee to' posterity/ thc democratic ideals and institutions of America,
by resisting to the death every assault
upon their bulwarks.
A PROPER WORE FOR THE OITY
Tjbcrculoais is preventable. But it
Is not being prevented in Vancouver at
any rate. In the Inst four years there
has been a steady increase in tho number of cases. This is not due to neglect
for there has been nn active and well-
managed association doing its utmost tn
cope with the disease and to remedy
conditions which pro-dispose to it, says
Tho World, editorially.
This association has not, however, received the support from thc public to
which the importance of its work entitles it. Owing to war demands the
former measure of financial aid has considerably declined now until the association Is face to face with tho prospect of seeing its beneficent work
brought to a standstill.
The suggestion is mndo that the prevention of tuberculosis is a mntter for
the city council acting through its
health department. It is proposed that
thc work of the association should bc
taken over and managed by the city
authorities. This proposal serins reasonable and desirable.
Tuberculosis is a communicable disease. In thc lust twelve months there
were 154 deaths from it in Vancouver,
nn increase of 47 per cent, in four
yenrs. These deathB were all preventable given proper antecedent conditions. At the moment there arc probably one thousand persons in Vancouver who are more or less affected. The
expense and loss to tho community.
therefore, it will be seen is no light
matter. Only a properly organized civic
department such ns that controlled by
the city council can deal adequately
with this problem. It iB to bo hoped
thnt the question will present itself in
this lifht to. tlicgc who are about to
decide it.
E
IN PARLIAMENT
11,1920
Compulsory Marriage Bill
Before the August
"Slackers" to be Compelled
to "Do Their Bit" to Beat
the Bloody Huns
Premier: It is my duty to call yonr
notice to tbe Compulsory Marriage bill,
which the government has seen fit to in-
troduc/. It will not, J feel sure, be
necessary for me to urge how essential
in the interests of the nation is the passage of such a measure. I have not the
exact figures by me, but a large number
of the male population has perished or
been disabled in the war which has juat
drawn to a close. That being so, it cannot but be perfectly obvious to all of
you that it is the duty of every unmarried man to get married at once, so that
the population of tho country may attain itQ normal size as soon as possible.
A Compulsory Marriage act is already
in operation ln Germany, and we know
full well the sinister objeot behind it,
vis,, the raising of an immense army
with which to resume the attack on the
email and defenceless nations. We must
not be taken unprepared again. Every
man must remember and obey the Div-
ine command, "Be ye fruitful and multiply.1' But you will ask what justification there is for the passage of this
measure. I can assure you that the
voluntary marriage crusade has failed.
Many inducements have been held out,
enticing young men to marry, but all to
no effect. The number of unmarried
men is not a negligible quantity. That
I can confidently assert, although tbe
actual figures are not yet to hand.
Wbat, then, are our proposals! That
literal compulsion in such a matter Ib a
physical impossibility is, unfortunately,
true; but we suggest that every man
who is not married within six weeks of
the passing of the act be forcibly deprived of his means of livelihood. Opposed, as I am, to tho principle of compulsion, I am reluctantly driven to admit that this measure is absolutely
necessary for the futdre prosperity of
our land. The fear has been expressed
that it, is only the first step towards
the legalisation of polygamy—but that
is quite groundless. Further, as soon
ns the population of the country has
quadrupled, the act will automatically
cease to operate.
An I.L.P. member: Ib the premier
awaro that there existB a body ontitled
the "Anti-Breeding Fellowship," consisting of men who nro resolved to
starve rather than marry under compulsion?—also thnt there exists nn immense number of women who aro resolved to resist to the last degree any
application of the compulsion system
to themselves?
Premier: In answer to the first question, .^ am awaro of tho existence of
that society. With regnrd to tho second question, I can assjre the member
thnt the government which declared
wnr on Germany to prevent tho violation of the women of Belgium will
never pnss any act which would in
effect lead to tho violation of the
women of Englnnd.
A conservative member: I rejoice to
see this bill introduced. It will facilitate the passage of the contemplated
Polygnray bill—(resumes sent in response to glare from premier.)
A Labor member: I agreo with the
premier in his denunciation of the unmarried slacker—but I rather doubt the
practicability of tho present mensure.
Is it not a fact thnt people can marry
without becoming parents, I suggest ns
nn nmendment to the bill that tho married man who remains childless bc
treated aB unmarried, and that if he is
contented with a single child he bo
kept on the more subsistence level.
Premier: That seems to me a reasonable and practical amendment, nnd I
can assure the member that it will ro-
ceive the consideration it deserves.
A liberal member: I have always
opposed compulsory marriage—but, being nsBdred by thc premier that this is
a temporary measure, and is not the
first step toward the legalisation of
polygamy, I feel that, under the present
grave circumstances, I am no longer
justified in opposing this bill. I hope
nil who have previously opposed compulsory marriage on principle will now
waive their principles in the snored
cause of nntionnl unity. Etc., etc.
-Bnsil Vincy, Socialist Review, Eng.
sa;aw-iiflwwr-iirTOw,Lf,iiiwi,.lia
A pleasant surprise awaits you
if you go to the
Orpheum
CAFE
for your meals.   A joy to
travellers.
Tlie Pick of the Market.
Charges Moderate
762 OBANVILLE STBEET
Opposite Uie Orpboura Theatre
aawmaiis-mmmmmmam
Quality Dentistry
Trade Unionists—
Ad 1* '-    '    >**       ..-"-}      \-    *■■*,-„	
IN COMING TO MY OFFICE workingmen ahould under-
atand that my charges are baaed on tba very lowest
tenna wblch can be quoted for good materials and ekllfal
workmanship.
Thia fact ehtfald be carefully considered by you when you
or any member of your family contemplates having dental
work done.    .
I am now prohibited by law from doing what I personally believe la your right—advertising my ratea ao that you
may be informed ai te them before coming to my office.
I am, however, conforming strictly to the schedule of
rates advertised ln previous issues of The Federationist. Particulars will alao be given on enquiry at phona Sey. 2718 or
application at my office.
.Call at my office whenever you desire to know anything
In connection wtth yonr taath. Ton will be given a cordial
welcome and you enquiries given arary attention.
Ia aU my work I use the most approved methods known
to modern dentistry for the alleviation of pain.
Sermour art)
DENTAL NtmSE
OT ATTENDANCE
DR. GRADY *wm*-a
.Opea faeaiay tat
QDALITT BOTH!
Waitings Street Conor Seymoar
202 BANK OF OTTAWA BUILDING
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen, Wellington nut
$7.00
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump.. 8.00
wftfir
For Your furnace
Comox Lump _____ $8.00
Comox Nut . 7.00
Comox Pea , _ 5.00
(Ity aot Tu Ooal for you underfeed Maaaa)
MACDONALO-llARPOLE CO.
Phone
Seumour
zio
Phone
taimas
uoi sua nun
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
Are showing a beautiful range of Men's and' Boys' Suits and
Furnishings.
MEN'S AND YOUNG MEN'S
Suits, including Pinch Backs, from $15.00 per suit up.
WORKING SHIRTS from ?1.26 up.
CARHARTT OVERALLS and other Union makes kept in
stock.
IN BOYS'SUITS
Oreat Values are being offered
Blouses, Sport Shirts, Shirt Waists, Straw and Linen Hats in
great variety.
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
TeL Sey. 702
809 to SIS Hastings Street Wast
Dependable Service
Good transportation does not consist only
of service in the regular hours and days.
It means servioe at all times—in the off-
hours, in bad weather, to ball games and
hocckey matches, on Sundays and holidays.
The only service which can and does furnish this kind o transportation is the street
railway.
It is therefore to your interest to see that
your nickel and the nickel of your friends
goes to support the service that returns
most to you.
For, unless the street railway is able to
make expenses, its ability to give service
will sooner or later be curtailed.
See that by unfair competition and lack
of support, you are not allowing the street
railway to deteriorate until it is no longer
able to givetyou the benefits you expect.
(M&Cectrtc
._       4- PAGE POUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Every Good UNION MAN
SHOULD WEAR THE BEST
CARHARTT'S
OVERALLS
ARE THE BEST BY TEST
Patronize our own Union Overall Factory in Vancouver and keep the money at home among our own
Union people.
CARHARTT'S are
OVER-ALL
OTHER MAKES
FBEDAT_
IHE Hi OF
HEALTH BY RLTH
Another Infamous Proposal
Put Forward by Quacks
of Physic and Filth
The Latest Contribution to
the Science of Military
Efficiency
"THE BEER WITHOUT A PEER"
So popular because it's so good. Cascade is brewed of the
highest grade B. C. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the public.
WHEN YOU BUY CASCADE-—YOU
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material back of it.'
TRY A DOZEN PINTS AND BE CONVINCED
BREWED AND BOTTLED AT THE BREWERY
— FOR SALE EVERYWHERE —
Vancouver Breweries Limited
[Walter E. Hadwon, M. D.]
In the Dailj* Skotoh, (London), of
April 9 is published an anonymous article "Bv an Eminent Authority" undor
tho title of tho "Hidden l'lnguo," in
which it is stated thnt "tho numbor of
mon suffering from venereal disease in
thc British army is grentcr thun in any
othor army in tho world."
Frankly, wo do not believe it, and
tho statistics rocontly published by tho
war office show that in this country tho
prevalence is less than in ponco timo,
and that roliablo statistics from abroad
nro not available.
Tho articlo In quostion is only ono of
many of a similar nature appearing in
the press of Into, written with a viow
to organizo a Bystem, similar to that existing in other armies, of giving our
mon "provontivos" instead of waiting
for the disease and thon trying to euro
Pure Milk T Union Labor
HILLCREST DAIRY
131 nn-BNIH AVENUE WBST PHONE rAIBMONT 19S4
The milk supplied by this
dairy la pure in every sense of
the word.
All the bottles and utensils
used by this dairy are thoroughly
sterilised.
Our milk supply comes from
the Fraaer Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliances for thc proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
GIVE US A TRIAL
Dependable Paints
—FOE—
Spring Painting
We solicit your paint orders for your
Spring Painting, Our stock of paints,
brushes, emanels, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
HUNTER-HENDERSON PAINT CO.
642 OBANTOLB STBEET
Not merely ib it adviaed that "prophylactic treatment be established in
each camp, to be available at all hours,
for men immediately after exposure to
infection," but that "effective legislation" should be instituted, so that tho
public may themselves be protected
against the consequences of promiscuous intercourse.
A more unblushing ___.	
morality or a moro impotent subjection
to vice was, perhaps, never penned. But
it is only what might bo expected as an
outcome of the crime of vivisection,
which dominates tho system of modern
I medicine.
1 Metchnlkoff's Suggestions.
This idea originated with tho Iato M.
Metclinikoff, w<ho succeeded M. Pasteur as tho head of tho greatest institute of quackery that charlatanism
and superstition combined ever succeeded in establishing. Liko our own "omi-
nent authorities," Professor Metclinikoff, writing on "Human Nature,"
greatly exaggerated the extension and
importance of the loathsome diseaso of
syphilis, in order, apparently, to pro-
pare tho way for tho sale of a protective serum, from which he hoped to secure a princely revenue.
He advocated that inoculation against
syphilis should not only be made compulsory for every soldier, sailor and
prostitute, but that the production of a
certificate of such inoculation should be
mnde a necessary condition of the admission of every child to a public
school. "AH beginners in prostitution,"
said he, "should be inoculated early
with syphilitic serum, it will be an advantage for them as well aB for those
who have intercourse with them."
The plan proposed was as simple as it
was outrageous and immoral, namely,
to obtain an attenuated virus of the
syphilitic poison by its passage through
the macaque monkey nnd to submit tho
whole population to compulsory inoculation with what he called a "mild-
form of the disease, ao that they should
be free to indulge in licentiousness without feor of consequences.
this diagnosis tobe correct,but M. Met*
chmkoff, in spite of this definite disproof of the specific nature of the germs
found in the ulcers, obstinately persisted in bis theory. Hia deluded followers, taking MetchnikofC at hia own estimate, still persist as obstinately, and
upon this fallacious basis our soldiers
are, if the vivisectionists can get their
way, to have one more inoculation of
filth added to those with which their
bodies are already being poisoned,
"persuasion" following its usual methods.
But, even supposing this loathsome
practice were proved to be effective—a
pure supposition—what are we to think
of the .demoralizing effect of such suggestions. Are they anything Iobb than
a practical incitation to sexual immorality, with all its attendant destruction
of family, life and national virtue!
This is but one of the rotten fruits of
yiviseetional research.—The Abolitionist, London.
NO CONSCRIPTION
To tbe Workors of Canada.
Custom once formed, finds a place in
tho social structure, and long after the
conditions which called them into being
have disappeared, they are continued.
The few privileges and petty liberties
which we now possess and which have
been gained by the struggles of those
mombers bf our clasB who have gone
before, are about to be takon away.
The necessity of our masters demands
that we be stripped of the laBt vestige
of liberty we possess in order that we
may bo used in whatever capacity they
soe fit for tho furtherance of their interests and to the detriment of ours.
Protesting against the Bystem known
as capitalism, in all itB forms, we take
particular exception to being forced to
take active part in any war between
sections of the master class in which wo
would bo compelled to shoot down, and
bo shot-down by, other members of tho
international working clnBS, no matter
what flag they may accidentally bo living, or happen to be born under.
The placing of a largo proportion of
the population under military control
moans the annulling of thoee privileges
which aro generally considered necessary to a peaceful developoment. We
realise that whenever these privileges
become dangerous* to the owners of tho
, giant means of wealth production they
incentive to im-[nftV0 power to curtail them.   But '
Well-known English Woman
Makes Stirring Appeal
to Landlords
Utterances That Are Truly
Prophetic of What Is
Surely Coming
THE NANAIMO
COAL
BEST QUALITY
BEST PBIOE
BEIT SERVIOE
Evans, Coleman |& Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
FOOT COLUMBIA AVENUE
Seymonr 2988
Uptons Offlee:
407 OBANVILLE STBEET
Sermour 228
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from tba finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED BT THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores Is
VANOOUVER AND VICTORIA
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENGER PARES|
TO ^^^_^^___
' EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODERN EQUIPMENT—COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUR NEAREST AGENT OR WRITE
DISTRICT PASSENGER AGENT, 605 HASTINOS W., VANCOUVER
Telephone Seymour 2482
Experiments on,Monkeys.
At a cost of thousands of pounds,
shiploads of monkeys were brought
from Africa; and rapidly Buccumbed to
the inclement climate of Paris and the
cruelties of the laboratory. In Junej
1906, Motchnikoff eome over to London to deliver lectures at King's college on the subject, and the Daily Mail,
in bestowing lavish adulation upon him,
declared: "The most thorough-going
anti-vivisectionist can hardly deny that
the monkeys concerned hove suffered in
a good causo."
In the course of his last lecture, Met-
huikoff made light of syphilis (if ho
did not extol its virtues) by instancing
cases of men of genius, tainted with the
disease, noted musicians, who '' had
produced remarkable work, in thc creation of which tho cerebral excitement
] caused by the disease had doubtless
Iplayed an important part!" As for
morality, he sneeniigly observed:
"In questions of health, morality should
not attempt to lead hygiene, but should
rather follow her '. . : modorn hygiene, having become an exact and infinitely moro precipe scienco than it waB
formerly, ought to reign suprome over
all doctrines of morality."
When Motchnikoff had concluded this
outrago upon civilization and morals, an
Engliah gentlemnn stepped forward and
moved a voto of thnnks to him, remarking that the audience were specially indented to tho lecturer for his pronouncement on the relations of science and
morality! M. Metclinikoff was then
presented with a gold modal.
The Alleged Specific Germ.
Upon the assumption of this man—a
zoologist by profession—the theory of
syphilitic immunization, adumbrated by
the bacteriologists of today, rests. As
ah instnnco of how far they can bo re
lied upon from u scientific point of
viow, let us consider the following:
One of Motchnikoff's assistants, accustomed to handle the syphilizod monkeys, noticed a suspicious ulcer on his
lip. So a monkey wns inoculated with
its contents, and in four weeks, two typical syphilitic lesions appeared on the
monkey's eyebrows, which were found
upon miscroscopic examination, to be
teeming with the alleged specific microorganisms of tho disease. The assistants, in alarm, hastened to Foamier,
the greatest living authority on syphilis, who told him it was not syphilis
and advised no treatment. Time proved
doing they must adhere to certain rules,
In carrying out their policy certain
legal formalities must be observed; nnd
during this period the workers have opportunities to successfully opposo any
attempted abridgement of their privileges.
Wo object to being forced to rivet
still more firmly the chains of servitudo
about our limbs; to being forced to
aid in the perpetuation of the degradation under which we of the working
class suffor. And we hereby declare our
uncompromising opposition to any attempt of the master class to curtail
any of the liberties we: now possess.
Workors of Canada you have but one
enemy: the master class! Your fight is
not against your follow workers, but
against the Bystem of exploitation under which, wo suffer and from which
alone springs war with all its abundant
horrors.
Workers of the world unite, you have
nothing to lose but your chains; you
have a world to gain.
^ Local No. 1,   Vancouver,    Socialist
Party of Canada.
22nd May, 1917.
THE SWEDISH PORTENT
The news from Sweden becomes somewhat disquieting. The Swedish Social-
Democrats are growing increasingly restive.   They talk of revolution and the
Red Republic," says the Boston Daily
Journal.
Now, this is a distinctly ominous portent, not because persons in a certain
country called Sweden are talking revolution. People in several other countries, such as Russia and Spain, are doing the same thing, and wc find it quite
natural, because in these latter countries the political and social systems are
so bad that most well-informed Americana feel that, were they Russians or
Spaniards, they would probably bo
wanting to make revolutions, too.
But in Sweden it is different. In
Sweden, political and social conditions
are good—as good as, if not in some respects better, than our own. Why, then,
do many Swedes today talk of revolution?
Tho main reason is to be found in
that spirit of revolt against tho whole
fabric of civilization, that proletarian
desiro, not merely of equality, bat of
class dominion, which has been apparent
throughout thc world for thc laBt ten
years, and which has boen aggravated
by the present. war. ThiB spirit is
"Syndicalism"—known to us Americans through the "I. W. W."—the
"Industrial Workers of tho World."
The Russian revolution hns everywhere heartened the foeB of present-day
society. It has given them a territorial
focus, a base of operations, and if tho
"Rods" overthrow the provisional government of Russia and replace the liberal leaders, Miliukov, Lvov, etc., by
chiefs of really crimson hue, we shall
soe a wave of syndicalist unrest sweep
ovor tho wholo earth.
Sweden, Russia's neighbor, is caught
first by the revolutionary ground-swell.
It is not against this or that political
abuse that the Swedish Social-Democrats are raising their heads; it is
against th6 whole fabric of modern socioty, whose basis is both Sweden's and
ours. Russia and Sweden lie geographically far awny, but in the moro ethe-
roal realm of thought and emotion they
may stand closor than we dream. Tho
Russian revolution may be the beginning of great nnd terrible things. We
would do well to prepare agninst a coming storm.
THE PEOPLE
By Tommaso Cnmpanclla, an Italian
monk and philosopher, 1568-Ki.lfl.
(Translated by John Addington Sy-
monds).
The people is a beast of muddy brain
That knows not its own force, and
therefore stands
Loaded   with  wood  and  stone;  the
powerless hands
Of a mere child guide it with bit and
rein;
One kick would be enough to break the
chain;    '
But the beast fears, and what the
child demands,
It does; nor its own terror understands,
Confused   and   stupefied by  bugbears
vain.
Most wonderful! with its own hand it
ties
And  gags itself—gives itBelf death
and wnr
For pence doled out by kings from
its own storo.
Its own arc all things botween earth
and heaven,
But this it knows not; nnd if one urine
To tell this truth, it hills him unfm-
given.
THE COUNTESS OF WARWICK has
iong been identified with the socialist movement of Great Britain. She haB
taken an active part in a number of
political campaigns, often addressing
streot crowds from her automobile. The
countess, is an extensive land owner
Her holdings are stated to amount to
something like 23,000 acres of the soil
of England. On April 19 she issued the
following appeal to England's landed
aristocracy, an appeal that tho aforesaid aristocracy might be well advised
to give most careful and thorough consideration:
"Wo must go. The aristocracy of
England in its position pf heroditary
landownors, must go. The country rings
with suggestions for tho betterment of
tho conditions undor which land is cultivated, but as I seo things the suggestions are in no instance drastic enough.
"Tho only cure for tho presont evils
seems to mo to bo stato ownership, the
abolition' of privnto property in the
earth that was givon to all of us ia
common. There are two classes of largo
landowners in England, the aristocracy
and tho plutocracy. As a class, the
aristocracy have been good landlords
within Hmitfl, but tho limits (ire very
marked, because thoy have always beon
a narrow-minded body. The nvonigo
chatolnino who plays the part of Lady
Bountiful is to me an abomination, becnuso her philanthropy is so closely associated with dogmatic religion, personal pride and party politics.
"I have known estates whero tho
tenants aro expected to belong to the
church of England, and nonconformists
nre barred or persecuted. Radicalism is
likowiso Buspcct. Farmers, laborers and
small Village tradesmen have been
ruined or exiled from tho place of their
birth because their opinions are contrary to those of their landlords. Men
and women on such estates must rule
their lives to order, think ns they are
told to think. If our aristocrats possessed the overwhelming wisdom necessary to their role as supreme dictators
all would be well, but I cannot reckon
in their ranks moro than six whose
claims would bear momentary consideration.
Ab for the plutocrats, the mon who
have bought lands and titles in the
opon market—and the one is nearly as
readily purchased as the othor—they
have not the old feudal tradition of the
aristocracy. They have beon accustomed to make business ventures pay; they
demand 6 per cent, on their outlay and
employ an ngent who will seo that they
get it.' The landlord of this class is a
bad landlord.
"For the betterment of social conditions in England a supremo sacrifice Ib
required. It is no more than justice
that the men who hnvo offered thoir
lives in this war for Britain should
have thc freedom of Britain for their
reward. It is no justice that calls men
to fight for the land and loaves it in tho
hands of a fraction of those who fought.
To me it is impossiblo that in the future
'His Grace,' or 'My Lord' should own
squaro miles of mother earth for which
Tom died and Dick wns sore wounded
and Harry fought unscathed.
"The country has great needs. If it
is to remain solvent the united work of
ono and all is necessnry. The old feudal landlord will be an anachronism,
the new money-spun landlord an abomination. Only tho state can own the
land in trust for thoso who can make it
productive. We who are in the high
places in England should retiro from
them in tho real holo of renunciation,
and our act of sacrifice would bo a hotter memorial than the best of us could
have hoped to gain."
There is n cloud looming upon the
horizon that is somewhat "larger than
a man's hand." It is of evil portent to
all that is aristocratic, autocratic and
plutocratic in modern life. These pestiferous inheritances from the dark
ages of thc past, aro destined to be
Bwopt into oblivion by tho revolutionary forces thot are being now rapidly
engendered in the bosom of human society. "Tho social atmosphere is even
now surcharged with tho electricity of
a coming storm." Wiso indeed is the
aristocrat, the autocrat, the plutocrat,
who, soeing its approach, seeks safety
and shelter in time, rather than to
brnvo its dnngers nnd defy its powors.
Tho countess Ib giving her economic
brethren good and sound advice. Will*
they follow itf
WHY ADVERTISING IN
THE  FED.   GETS  RESULTS
Tho FoderationUt Ib tho only Lahor paper
now i>ublinhod weBt of Winnipeg.
It Ir owned hy the 16,000 tradu unionists
of British Columbia.
It reachus tho highont paid wage-workers- -
tho men who are working ond therefore have
tho most purchasing power.
Its renders aro among those who are students, who aro trying to do their own thinking and who domnnu freodom of expression.
Thoy read The FedcratloniNt because It Is
thoir own paper, and Us columns are alwayB
opon to them.
Home of the largest unions In the province
subscribe for Thu Moderation 1st In a body, a
copy being mailed to tho residence of each
in limb or.
Tho Foderationist has boen established -for
nine years; it Is an integral part of the organized Labor movement of British Columbia,
and Is one of the most widely quoted Labor
papers on this continent.
The farming nnd suburban districts
provide ideal breeding places, and the
now born flies do not remain at their
J birth place but migrate, using rnilroadB
and other means of transportation, to
towns and cities.
tfelto fresh boD'acco.
Cs tffKcb you* to vufys
UWlLcJi Gwtwru
J^~^   cJoaf>!
Visit the Beauty Spots
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service froni North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS      "       "   35c
EAGLE HARBOR     "       "  40c
LARSON'S RANCH .....    "       "  50c
WHYTECLIFFfor
HORSESHOE BAY  ......    "       "   50c
Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.   For further
particulars phone-Soy. 9547.
Passenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
'An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure'
Apply this trite saying to your teoth. It sounds a warning
which every reader should heed.
It means prompt action when you soe that tho enamel of
your tooth is cracked—that a cavity has developed—or when
a sharp twingo or a stoady growing pain tells you that some*
thing is wrong with your teeth.
By coming to my offico at once I can tell you what is wrong
and remedy the defect. That "ounce of prevention" will save
you hours of pain, as well as both trouble and expense In the
future.
See me when anything goes wrong wltb yonr teeth.  It pays.
Appointments for Examinations made ny phone.   Sey. 3331
Open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
Dr.Brett Ax) tlersor)
Crown and Bridge Specialist —
602Ha$tings 5t. West
Comer Saymoor Strsst
Westminster Iron Work
JOHN BEED, Proprietor
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND ENGINEERS
Manufacturers of
STRUCTURAL and ORNAMENTAL
IRONWORK
Offlce and Worki: Tenth Btreet        NEW WEBTHINSTEB, B. 0.
lP%
EL DORO
CIGARS
McLEOD, NOLAN & CO.
MAKERS
LONDON, ONT.
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
conditions
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
Por Sale Everywhere.
D. J. ELMER
Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vancouvor, B. O.
MAJESTIC CONCHAS
2 for 25c 3 for 25c
ACTUAL SIZES FBIDAY...
....June 8, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
VANCOUVER UNIONS
[
I;
TRADES AMD LABOR OOUNOIL—MEETS
flnt Md tUrd TJmndirt. InoauTi
board; fsmst H. HcVstj, ptsslis-*', Tnd A.
Hoover, TlOfpmldwti Victor B. Midil»7.
general leereUir. 910 Labor Tempi*;
Knowles. trouurar; W. H. OoUu._.	
eiaa: MifMat-at-umi, Qsatgs Htrrlioai A.
J. Crawford. Jaa. Campball. F. HalfX, twa-
ALLIED PRINTING TBADES COUNOIL-
MteU leeond Jfondor la the moath.
Pmidont,  J,  McKinnon;   itertttrr,  B.  H.
yaalanda, P. 0. Bot ea.	
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 878.—OMee,
Room aot Labor Tomplo. Meeta flrat
Sanday ol oaoh month. Praaldant, Jamaa
•Campbell; flnanolal ■eeretirr, J. Smith, BIO
Holden Bldg.; Box 434; phona Sey. 3578;
rocordlng aoorttary, Wm. Mottlafaaw, Globe
Hotel, Mato atreat. ■•	
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION-
al Union ot Amorica, Local No. ISO—
Moeta Snd aad 4th Taaadaya la tba month,
Boom 305 Labor Tomplo. Pmldent, L. E,
Herrltt; iecretary, S. H. Grant, 1671 Alberni
■atreet.
fj      BRICKLAYERS AND  MASONS,  NO.  1—
Meet Snd and 4th Wadnoadara, j p
""    ~    "hi. F. Smith; i
Room 807,   Presidont, Ohu.
responding aeeretary, W. 8. DacnaU, Box 68;
flnanolal iecretary, w. J. Plpaa.
BUflOnifl AOBVT DZBIOTOBT
  far Labor  Templi   'Phone  Ixofcutt,
Seymour 7486  (anlaaa  otharwlH statol).
BoUormahora—J. H. Oarmlohael, aa» Hotol
Regent, 140 Haatinga atroot eaat.
Brothorhood ol Carpentera, No. 017—Ju.
Bobleon, Room 308.
Brothorhood of Carpentera, No 3947—-J. G.
Smith, Boom 808.
CMa Employee»V-V. R. Mldgley, Boom 110.
Eleotrleal Workera—E. H, Morriion, Boon
807.   Sir. 8510.
Doep Saa rlahermaa'a Cnlon—Bnaioll Kearley, 4S7 Gore avonna. Offloe phone, Seymonr 4704; residence. Highland 1B44L.
Lonphoromon'a Aaaoolatlon—J. Mahone, 10
Powell atreet; phona Say. 6858.
Mnalaiana—E. J, Jamleson, Boom 805.
Painte»—H. Grand, Boom 808.
Pile Driven and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Jronaidoa.
Phimbera—J. Cowley, Boom 306tf, Sey.
8611.
Ballon—W. S. Bnrna, flit Hutlnga atraot
weat.    Say. 1708.
Stroot Bailway Employaaa—Pwd A. Hoover;
oor. Main and Prior. Phone exchange
Soymonr 5000. Boaldanoo, Fairmont 641B.
Typognphlaal—B. H. Neelanda. Boom 806.
LOOAL TBADBS UKOM SZBBOTOBT
BREWERY WOBKEBS, L, 0. No. 881,1. U.
C. B. W. of A.—Meeta Ant and third
Wedneaday ol each month, Boom 803, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. Praaldant. A. Syhaa; aeon*
tary. Frank Graham, 8856 Tweilth avanne
waat.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Bnlldera and Helpen ol
Amorloa, Vaneonver Lodgo No, 104—MeeU
fint and third Mondaya, 8 p.m. Praaldant,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth arenne wait;
aaontary, A. Fraier, 1161 Howe atraat,
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
OPERATING   ENGINEERS — Local   No.
620. MeeU otoit Thursday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Temple. Preildent. William Walker; rice-
.preildent, J. R. Flynn;  aecreUry-treaannr,
pi commit,   v.   ta,   cijuu,    aecAOHtrfUXHarwi,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7485.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S ONION OF TBS
Pacific—Meete at 487 Gore avenne every
Tneiday, 7 p.m.   Ruiiell Kearley, buiineu
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 318
—Meeti in Room 205, Labor Templo.
everj Monday, 8 p,m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet: recording aeeretary, John Murdoch, Labor Temple; financial
aeeretary and bnilneia agent, B. H. Morriion,
Boom 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 88-62—Offlce and hall,
SOI Ponder street oast. MeeU every Thun-
■day 8 p.m. Socrotary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
businoss agent, J. Mahone,
MACHINISTS, NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. Presidont, Wm. Small; recording aeeretary, J.
Brooks; financial secretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7496.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
tors' Union, Local 048, I. A. T. S. E. A
M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday ol eacl
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President
J. R. FoBtor; business agent, Sam Haigh,
financial and corresponding eecretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Box 845.
LIST 01* UXXOVS AFFILIATBD WITB
tSB B. 0. FBDBJUTION OF LABOB
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Brooch meets second and fourth Mondaya,
Room 206, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue weit; financial socrotary, J, Campbell, 4669 Argyle
Btreet; rocordlng eecretary, E. Westmoreland,
1618 Yew street.   Phone Bayvlew 2896L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS—Local No.
138—MeeU aecond an fourth Thundayi
of each month, room 808, Labor Temple,
Presidont, John McNeil; financial secretary,
Geo, H, Weiton; recording iecretary, Jaa.
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple,
BTREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployeei, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
MeeU Labor Temple, iccond and fourth Wedneadaya at 8 p.m. President, J. Hobble;
vice-president, E. 8. Cleveland: recording aeo,
tary, A. V. Lotting, 8661 Trinity atreet.
phone Highland 168R; flnanolal iecretary and
busineu agent, Fred A. Hoover, 8409 Olarh
drive, offlce corner Prior and Main atweU.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meeting! hold
flrst Monday in each month, 6 p.m. Preaident, J, T. Ellsworth; vice-president. Mill
H. Gutteridge; recording aeeretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 608; flnanolal secretary, T.
Wood, P. 0, Box 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 836—MeaU
lut Sunday of each month at 3 p.m.
Preaident, H. 0. Benson; vice-president,
W. R, Trotter; leeretary-treasurer, B. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU ll
annual convention In January. Exeentivi
offlcen, 1917-18: Preildent, J. Naylor. Bot
415, Cumberland; vice-preaidenU—Vancouver: Jaa. H. McVety, V. R. Midgley, Labor
Temple. Victoria: J, Taylor, Box 1816. Vancouver Island: W. Head, South Wellington.
Prince Rupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 694.
New Westminster: W. Yatei, 006 London
atreet. Kootenay Dlstriot: A. Goodwin, Box
26, Trail. Crows Nost Valley: W. B. Phillip!, 176 McPherson avenue. Secretary-
treasurer: A. S. Weill, Box 1588, Victoria,
Alllafl Printing Tvadoa Council—R. B. Nat*
landa, Boa 66.'
Barbara—S. H. Grant, 1801 Seventh avenne
Bartender*—W. H. Smith, Box 484.
Blaokimitha—Malcolm Porter, View Hill, B.
Bookbindero—W. H. Cowderoy, 1665 Thirty
fourth avonno out.
Boilermaken—A. Fraaer, 1151 Bowo atnet,
Boot and Shoo Workon—Tom Cory, 188
Templeton drive.
Brewery Workon—Frank Graham, 8856 18th
avanno weat.
Brlcklayen—William B. Dagnall, Labor Tom.
plo. '
Brotherhood ol Carpenten Dlitrlet Connell
—G. H. Page, Boom 308, Labor .Temple.
Brotherhood ol Locomotlvo Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1167 Harwooa ureei.   Soymonr
1848B
Brotherhood ol Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1386 Hornby St.
Brothorhood ol Railway Carmen-
Brotherhood    ol    Maintenance-of-Way    Em-
{iloyeei—E. Corado, 386 Clark drive.
Iding Trades Counoil—Victor R, Midgley,
Room 210, Labor Temple.
Clgarmakers—R, Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory, Georgia itreet.
City Firomen's Union—Syd. Jackson, No. S
Fire Hall, Seymour itreet.
Olvlo Employee!—G. Harrison, 1428 Kitchener street.
Cooks,   Walten,  Waitresses—Andy  Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Ruiiell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne.
Eloctrical Workers—E.  H,  Morrison,  Room
207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—(Steam  and  Oporatlng)—W.  A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite   Cuttora—Edward   Hurry,   Columbia
Hotel.
Garment Workers—Mra. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Hod Carriers and Building Laborers—Labor
Tomplo
Lathers—J, Lelghton, Holdon Building, Knst-
ini;*} Ktrcei east.
Letter   Carrlen—Robt.   Wight,    177—17th
avonue weat.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J.  Brooke,  Room   311,   Labor
Temple.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 8tf7 Twentieth
avenue east.
Musicians—£, J, Jamieson, Room 805, Labor
Templo.
Molders—G. F. Nicholi,   131  Sixth avenue
west.
Moving Picture Operaton—A. A. Hansen, P.
0. Box 845.
Order of Railroad Conductor!—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty itreet.
Paintors—Jas.   Wilson,   Boom   808,   Labor
Temple.
Plumben — Boom    306 %,   Labor   Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611,
Pile  Driven  and  Wooden  Brldgemen—W.
Eastman, P. 0. Box 830.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo.  Rush,  3376  Fourteen Ave.
weat.   Bayvlew 2215L.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouver—E.   Weitmore-
land, 1513 Yaw itreet.
Retail Clerks* Association—Albert Oroiillng,
683 Hamilton atnet.
Seamen'i Cnlon—W. S. Burns, P. 0. Box
1866,
Structural   Iron * Workon—Boy   Maasecar,
Room 208, Labor Temple.
Stonecutters-
Sheet Metal Worken—J. W. Alexander, 2130
Pender atnet eait.
Steam Shovel and Dndgemen—Chai. Feree,
05 Powell atnet.
Streot  Railway   Employeea—A.  V.   Lofting,
2581 Trinity street.
Stewotypen—W. Bayley, ean Provlnee.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 843,
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo, W, Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers  and  Helpen—A.  Jamleson,  640
Twenty-third avenne east.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor B. Mldgley, Room 310, Labor Temple.
Typographical—H, Neelands, Box 66,
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MeeU flnt and third Wedneaday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p.m. Preaident, E. Obriitophor, Box 887;
vice-president, Chriatlan Slverti, 1376 Den-
man street; eeentary, B. Simmoni, Box 803,
Victoria, B. C.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
OPERATING ENGINEERS—Local 446.
Victoria, B. 0. P. 0. addreu Box 03. Local
union meeta fint and third Sunday, 10 am.
Place of mooting, Labor Hall, DeCoiraoa blk.
President. J. Johns, 833 Dallas road: iecretary, J. M. Amer, 1045 McClure atreet; buiineu agent, S, Oulium, phone 1101R.
NEW WESTMINSTER. B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, loul 784,  New Westminster.
MeoU leeond Sunday of each month at 1*80
p.m.   Saentary, F. W. Jameion, Box 496.
 PBINOB BPPEBT. B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Connell—Meeti second and fourth Tneo*
daya of each month, In Carpenten' hall. President, B. D. Maedonald; eeentary, J. J.
Anderson, Box 378, Prince Ruport, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. I.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OF A.-
Meeti aecond and fourth Sunday of eacl
mouth, at 8.80 p.m., Richards Hall. Preaident, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Ivan:
recording iecretary. Jai, Bateman; flnanolal
secretary, S. Portray; treasunr, J. H. Rioh-
ardion.
How Much Alive
Are You?
One often hears the expression,
"■walking around to save funeral,
expenses/' and while it ia intended as a joke, it is a half
truth. You eommence to die when
you commence to loose vitality.
More vital force ia lost through
defective eyes than in any other
way. Allow our specialist to cor*
reot your eye defects by means of
lenses glasses, and commence to
Uve.
Limited
8th Qoor Birks Building
Seymour 4665
SECRETARIES OF TBADBS AND
LABOB COUNCILS IN CANADA
British Columbia.
Cranbrook Tradea and Labor Council—Secretary, F. MoKenna, Watt avenue.
Nelson Trades aud Labor Council—F, Plierll,
Box 674.
New Westminster Trades and Labor Counoil
—W, Yatei, Box 1031.
Prince Rupert Trades and Labor Council—
Geo. Waddell, Box 468.
Revelatoko Tradei and Labor Connell—Phil
Parher, Box 468.
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 310, Labor Temple,
Victoria   Tradea   and   Labor   Council—Ben
Simmons, Box 802.
Alborta.
Calgary Tradei and Labor Connell—J.   E.
Young, Box 1404,
Edmonton  Tradei  and   Labor  Council—A.
Farmilo, Box 1408.
Lethbridge  Tradea and  Labor Council—H.
MorrU, 338—14th atreet north.
Medicine Hat Trades nnd Labor Council.—
B. W. Bellamy, Box 766.
Saskatchewan.
Mooaa Jaw Tradei and Labor Council—B,
H. Chadwick, Box 1817.
Prince Albert Tradea and Labor Council—H,
D. Davis, 576—5th St. S.
Regina   Trades   and   Labor   Connell—John
Hobson, Labor Tomple, Oaler Street.
Saskatoon Tradei and Labor Couneil—J, D.
Wallace, 813—Slat St. W.
Manitoba.
Transcona Tradei and Labor Council—John
Weir, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Connell—R. A
Rigg, It. P. P., Room 14, Labor Tomple.
Ontario.
Brantford Tradea and Labor Council—A. G.
Brown,  R, R, No,  5.
Fort William Tradea and Labor Connell—6.
P. Speed, 510 N. Brodie St.
Guelph    Trades    and Labor Couneil—Thos.
Hall, 80 Kathleen street.
Hamilton Tradei and Labor Counoll—W. B.
Rollo, Box 828.
Kingston Tradei and Labor Council—W. J,
Driscoll, 118 Lo-rer Begot atnet.
Kitchoner  Tradei   and   Labor   Counoil—U.
Btrub, Weber Apartment!, Young St.
London Tradea and Labor Council—J. Cummlngs, 7 Adelaide St., Chelsea Greon,
Niagara Falls Tradei and Labor Council—D.
Wagner, 610 Ferry atreet,
Ottawa Allied Trados and Labor Association
—W. Lodge, Box 61.
Port Arthur Tradei and Labor Council—A.
F. Manohee,  116 Jean St.
Peterborough Tradea and Labor Council—W.
M. Stevem, 806 Brook street.
Sault Ste Marie and Steelton Tradea Couneil—J. Ramshaw, Sault Sto. Marie.
South Waterloo Trades Council—A. Cralgen,
24 Eait Btreet, Gait.
St. Catharlnea Tradea and Labor Council—
F. Cook, 67 Geneva street.
St. Thomu Tradea and Labor Council—A.
R. Robertson, 124 Redan etreet.
Toronto    Dlitrlet    Labor  Connell—T.    A.
Stevenson, 24 Huelwood avenue,
Welland   Tradei   and   Labor   Council—W,
Powrio, Box 28,
Windsor Tradea and Labor Council—Harold
Clarke, 04 Howard avenue.
Qaihoe.
Montreal Tradea and    Labor    Counoll—G.
Francq, 2 St. Paul St. East.
Quebec and Levis Tradei Council—President,
J. H. Walsh, 4 Gremaslo Streot, Quebec.
St. Jean Tndei and Labor Council—George
Smith, Box 405.
Now Brumwlck.
Bt. John Tndei and Labor Council—John
Kemp, 820 Main street.
Nova Scot)*.
Amhent  Tradei  and  Labor  Council—Tboi.
Carr, Box 081.
Halifax Tndea and Labor Connell—Robert
Miller, 57 Almon atreet.
Picton County Tradei and Labor Council—
A. M. De Vounnoy, Box 1667 New Glai-
gow, N. S.
Sydney Tradei and Labor Council—J. A. Mclntyre, 80 Louisa streot.
Barbara—Cranbrook—A. H. Bollock, Cranbrook, B. 0.
Blaohimltha—BovaUtohe—Ju. M. Goble, T.
M. C. A. Box, BaveUtoka, B. 0.
Brewery Worken—Vaneouvar—U. 0. Aaa*
tin, 783 7th avenne out, Vaneonver, B. C.
Barbara—Vlctoriar-G. W. Wood. 1807 Gov
ernment atroot, Viotorla. B. 0.
Boiler Maken—Victoria, A. SUwart, P. 0.
1 Box 48, Beaumont, P. 0., B. 0.
Bookblndert—Vietoria — E. Sturgeon, 141
Eberta otreet, Vlotoria, B, 0.
Bookbinder*—Vaneoaver—W. H. Cowderay,
188S 84th avenne out, Vancouver, B. 0.
Brewery   Workon—Now   WutmlniUr—Jas.
A. Mnnday, 184 Columbia street out, New
Westminster. B. 0.
Brewery  Workon—Vlotoria—A.  Morgan,
Lahor Tomplo. Vietoria.
BoUer Maken—Bavolitoke—G. W. Edwards.
P. 0. Box 188, Boralatoko, B. C.
U,    B.    Carpenten — Victoria—Seoretary,
Labor Hall, Vietoria, B. C.
A.  8. U. B. Carpenten—Victoria—J. Lay,
P. O. Box 770, Viotorla, B. C.
U. B. Carpentera—Prinoe Rupert—F. Salter.
P. 0. Box 604, Prinoe Bupert, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenten—Nelson—Robt. Jardlne, P.
0. Box 1006, Nelion, B. 0.
U. B. Oarpenton—Nelson—G. Fruer, P. 0.
Box 354,' Nelion, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenten—Trail—F. Cannell, Trail,
B. C.
Clgarmakers—Vancouver—R. H.  Craig, 418
Georgia atreet wait, Vaneonver, B. 0.
Oivio Employee!—G. Harriion, 1488 IKtchen-
or atnet
Eleotrleal Worken—Vancouver—E, H. Morrison, Ltbor Tomple, Vanconver, B. 0.   '
Eleotrleal Workers—Prince Rupert—S. Mas
aey, P. 0. Box 844, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
Eleotrleal Workera—Victoria—W.  Reld, 636
Cecilia road, Vietoria, B. 0.
Flih Packen—Prince Rnpert—Seoretary, F.
W. Qrimble, P. 0. Box 1686.
Garment   Workera—Vancouver—Mn.  Helen
Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Laborers—Vlotoria—T, Liddard, 1088 Qneena
avanua.
Letter  Carrlen—Vietoria—0,  Slverti,  1378
Denman atnet, Victoria, B, 0.
Longshoremen—Victoria—Frank  Varney,  P.
0. Box 1815, Vietoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thoi. Nixon, 10
Powell itreet, Vancouver, B. 0.
Longiboromen—Prince Rnpert—F. Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 681, Prince Ruport, B. 0.
Moving   Picture   Operaton—Vancouver—H.
0. Roddan, 2547 McKensle atreet Vancouver. B. 0.
Maohiniata—Vanconver—J. H. McVety, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Machinists—New Westminster—J. M. Helli-
aen,  711 Fourth avenue.
Machinists—Revels toko—Phil. Parker, Revel-
■toko.
Machinists—Cranbrook—W. Henderson, P. 0,
Box 827.
Machinists—Victoria—R.   H.   Scholes,   2720
Fifth Btreet.
Moulders—Victoria—J. Daken,  P. 0.  Box
127.
Moulders—Vancouver—W.    H.    Cooke,   551
Sixth avenue east, Vancouvor, B. 0.
PalnterB—Victoria—J, Beokett, Labor  HaU,
Victorin.
Paper   Makers—Powell   River—J,   E.   Mo
Grath, Powell River, B. C. •
Pattern  Mnkors—Victoria—Geo. T.  Murray,
1141 Oscar street, Victoria, fl. C.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouver—E.   Westmoreland, 1512 Yew street, Vancouvor, B. 0.
Plumbers—Vancouver—H. Mundell, P. 0. Box
1181, Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Victoria—J. Fox, Labor Temple.
Victoria. B. 0.
Retail Clerks—Princo Rupert—Secretary, J,
M, Jones, P. 0. Box 1640.
Bro.   Railway   Carmen—Vicorla—E.  Polling,
816 Jessie street, Victoria.
Bro.    Railway    Carmen—RevolBtoke—Harry
Parsons, Revelstoke, B. 0.
Bro.  Railway  Carmen—Nelion—0.  H.  Phillips, P.O. Box 008, Nelson, B. 0.
Sheet   Metal   Workers—Victoria—G.   Kreh-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenue, Victoria, B.C.
Steam and Operating Engineers—W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Steam Engineers—Victoria—J. Armor. P. 0.
Box 02, Victoria, B. 0.
Stoam Engineers—Prince Rupert—Seeretary.
F. W. Chandler, P. 0. Box 720.
Stage  Employees—Victoria—L. D.  Foxgord,
1880 Grant itreet.
Street Railway Employee!—Victoria—R. A.
0. Dewar, 1387 Johnson atnet, Victoria,
B. 0.
Btreet   Railway   Employees—New   Westminster—BOO  London street,  New Weitmln-
iter, B. 0.
Teamsters'   Union—Rossland—Secrotary,   S.
Morrlsh, P. 0. Box 688. ,
Teamsten'   Union—Fernle—E, Patenon.  P.
O. Box 681. Pernio, B. 0.      *""™'n'  *'
Trades Council—Vancouver—V. R. Mldgley,
Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Tradoi Council—Victoria—B. Simmons. P. 0.
Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Tradei    Council — Now    Weitmlmter — W,
Yatea, 006 London atreet, New Westminster, B. 0.
Tallow—Victoria—E. 0. Christopher. P. 0.
Box 887, Viotorla, B. 0.
Tile Layora—Victoria—T, King, P. 0. Box
1212,  Victoria, B. C. •
Typographical Union—Prince Rupert—A. 0.
Frapki.  P,  0.  Box  1031, Prince  Rnpert,
Typographical Union—Vernon—W. B. Billiard, Vernon, B. 0,
Tradpe Council — Prince Rupert — W. E.
Thompson, P. 0. Box 168, Prince Rupert,
B. 0.
United Mino Workors—J. Naylor, Box 889,
Cumberland, B. 0*
United Mine Worken—H. Beard, Michel, B.
United Mino Workers—Thoi. France, Drawer
820, Fernle, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—A. McLellan, Nanalmo, B. C, .Uncle Pot Mlno.
Unltod Mlno Workers—Geo. Gold, Ladysmith.
B. 0.
Unltod Mine Workon—A. Dean, P. 0. Box
768, Nanalmo. B. 0.
United Mine Workera — Jamea Bateman,
South Wellington, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—Brunno Kaarro, Sointula. B. 0.
Metalliferous Miners and Smelter Worken*
Union—
W. B. Mcleaae, P. 0. Box 806, Ymlr, B. C.
W. A. Mowlds. P. 0. Box 27. Stewart, B.O.
Albert Goodwin, _*„ 0. Box 26, Trail, B, 0.
P. J. McKinnon, VanAnda, B, 0,
H. MoKonsie, .Box K, Sandon, B, C.
F. Lelbscher, Silverton, B. 0.
W. Smith, P. 0. Box 204, Phoenix, B. 0.
G. 0.  Marshall, P. 0. Box 421, Bouland,
B. 0.
Roy Burch, Moyie, B, 0.
D. Wiseman, Kimberley, B. 0.
W. Growei, P. 0. Box 876, Hedley, B. 0.
Marcus  Martin,  P.  0.  Box  106,  Nelion.
B. 0. '
W, Lakeland, P. p. Box 124, Greenwood,
B. 0.
A, B. WELLS
Secretary-treasurer of the British Columbia, Federation of Labor, with headquarters at Victoria, who Ib trhis week submitting a referendum to the affiliated
membership upon action to be taken in case the government attempts to enforce conscription.—One of tho speakers at big mass meeting, in the Avenue
theatre Monday evening, under the auspices of Vancouver Trades and Labor
council.
"John Bull" Bottomley Sees
How Compulsion Kills
True Patriotism
How New Zealand Miners
Met the Menace of Local
Prussianization
WHY YOU SHOULD
JOIN THE UNIOH
OFFICERS OF THB AMBBIOAN FEDEBATION OT LABOB
Preaident—Samnel Gompers, Washington, D.
O.j Clgarmaken International onion.
Flnt vice-president—Jamea Duncan, Quincy,
Mais.;    Granite    Cutters'    International
onion.
Seeond vice-president—Jamea O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C; International Aaiocla-
tion of Maohiniata.
Third vice-president—W. D. Mahon, Chicago,
111.   Street Railway Employees' union.
Fourth   vice-president—Joseph   Valentine   of
Cincinnati;    Molders'    union    of    North
America.
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Aiioclatlon of F'lmben,
Sixth   vleo-preiidont—H.   B,   Perham,    Bt.
Louis; Ordor of Railway Telegraphers,
Seventh  vico-president—Frank  Duffy, Indianapolis; United Brotherhood of Carpenten.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John   B.   Lonnon,   Bloomtngton,
III.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secretary—Frank Morriion, Washington, D.
0.; International Typographical union.
Horatio Bottomley, one of tho most
scandalous jingoes iu Groat Britain,
and a swindler with a record as well,
writing to Ms paper, John Bull, on
February 4, hazards tho opinion that
it was a mistake to attempt to force
conscription on the colonies.
"But," he says, "it did not emanate
from Britain, though our Australian
friends seem to think it did—and they
naturally resented it. The principle was
Btrong in this country during Mr.
Hughes' visit—and ho caught it, and
went back to Australia imbued with the
idea. Then it spread to New Zealand;
the government demanded conscription,
and tho leaders of tho various Labor
unions repliod: 'Let us have a referendum, and if the people vote in favor
of compulsion, we will have it, but not
otherwise.' The government would not
listen; they forced a compulsion bill
through parliament, and tho dny tho
firBt call was made, all tho men in thc
most important mines on the west coast
struck work, and a cry went up for
a genoral strike in the wholo of Now
Zenlnnd, with Australia ready to follow suit within forty-eight hours.
Thereupon the Now Zealand government quashed the compulsion net and
withdrew the order for forced service;
but much mischief had boen dono—tho
fine spirit of patriotism in both young
countries had been checked. The Australasians considered that their statesmen had a mandate from this country
to interfere with their liberties; and
we must make it plain to them that
such was not tho case."
(Australians think Billy Hughes wob
influenced by the tory ring of boodlers
and absentee landlords.    Conscription
the work of the junker clnsB, who,
under militarism, can coerce tho work-
Individual freedom vanishes under military Bervice by compulsion.—
Ed. Labor Call.)
The above, taken from the Melbourne
Labor Call, is respectfully recommended for cnreful perusal by all thoso who
aro inclined to fall in with tho schemo
of Canadian junkordom to foist upon
the people of this dominion, without
their consent, enforced military servico
according to tho approved Prussian method. Whon the same scheme waB referred to tho Austrnlian electorate last
fall it was defeated by an overwhelming majority, and the Australian soldiers in tho trenches of Europe helped
to swell that majority. If put to tho
same test in Cnnada it would undoubt-.
edly meet a similar fate. WiU tho
Borden government dare to make tho
testf   And echo scorns to answer, not
Because it tends to raise wnges. ThiB
is proven by all sorts of evidence.
Because it prevents a reduction in
wages; reductions rarely come to .well-
organized labor.
Because it aids in getting shorter
houra. Ask the union men who are
working eight hours, or less; they can
prove it.
Because it plaees labor where it must
be respected. Power wins reBpect from
employers as from all men.
Becauso it gives the workingman self-
reliance.
Because it develops ^fraternity. Craftsmen are all too jealoaa of and suspicious
of one another even nt best.
Because it is a good investment. No
other investment gives back so large a
return for expenditure of time and
money.
Because it makes thinkers. Men need
to rub intellects together in matters of
common concern.
Because it enlarges acquaintance. The
world is too restricted for wage-earnera.
Because it teaches co-operation. When
laborers co-operate they will own the
earth.
Because it makes the job a better one.
The bully foreman can't bully the union
card.
To the Secretaries of all
B.C. Labor Organizations:
Send your orders for
printing directed by
your organization to
The Federationist
Tom org»ni«»tion la constantly requiring printing lon, ia
tho form of letterheads, bylaws, droolers, leaflet,, eto.
When work of this class is demanded, let The Federationlit
offlce know yonr need, and prompt attention will be giTtn
yonr demand,, whether tha ordor bo large or amall.
Naturally, The Federatlonist benefits by your placing th*
order with us. Everything wo make, however, goes baek
into The Federatlonltt fundi and thua helps ua to raiee th*
atandard of tho paper.
GIVE US A CHANCE ON
YOUR NEXT ORDER
It usod to be called the "press
gang." Now it is termed "selective
draft." It does beat all how things
change for the better. It does, by
gosh.
Address all ordera or communications re printing to    *
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eftlivnr. B. 0. Dtrpriorn! Jimoi Cimpbrll,
proiMpnt: J. H, MflVfly, ■•>crM»rjr'tr«Bittir<'r*
J, Naylor and A. 5. WcIIb. R. Pnrm
Ppttlplcr.n, mtnoirlniri rllrtirtnr, Rnnm 217,
Labor Tfmjiln.    Telephone Sermnar 7495.
FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE BODY
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meeta in convention September ol
eiob yetr. Executive board: Ju. 0. Wottera,
proBident; vlce-proaidcnts: A, Watchman, Victoria, B. 0.; Jamt'B Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg Man.; secre-
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acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals are made.
Tho address label on your
paper carries the date to which
your subscription Is paid. If,
after forwaruinn monloB to this
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notify ub at once. When yoa
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send it to thin ofllce—not to
the other fellow. Thus yon
will get tiiiin.'Vs adjusted, ind
we'll all bo happy. V*
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Manager.
Labor TVjni.lt*,
Vancouver. B. C.
Out-of-town readers of The
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increase the usefulness of this
paper by patronizing its advertisers, when they do any shopping.
Every trades unionist should
mention Tho Federationist to its
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them.   Costs little; helps a lot.
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B. 0. UNION-MADE GOODS
The following resolution has
beon adopted unanimously by tbe
Betail Clerks' association:
''Resolved, that memberB of
the Betail Clerks' association do
everything ln their power to
boost the sale of 'Made in B. 0.
goods,' if manufactured by union
labor, in preference to goods made
outside the province."
SYNOPSIS OF COAX. MINING REGULATIONS.
pOAL mining rlghta of tha Dominion. In
Jr.*«tata. BaakitefcawM and Alberta, the
rnlton Territory, the North-Weat Territories
and In a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leaaed for a term of
twenty-one run renewal' for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of $1 an acre.
Not mora than 2,660 acrea will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for a leas* mutt ba made by
the applicant In person to tha Agent or Sub-
Agent of tha dlatrlct In which the rlghta applied for are aituated.
In surveyed territory tht land mast be del*
scribed by sections, or legal aub-dlvlslons of
sections, and In unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for ahall ba ataked out by the
applicant himself.
Kach application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5 which will be refunded if tnt
rlghta applied for ara not available, but not
otherwlso. A royalty ahall be paid on tha
merchantable output of tha mine at the rata
of Ave centa per ton.
Tbo person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay tho royalty thereon. If tne
coal mining rights ara not being operated,
such returna should be famished at least
onco a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46
George V. assented to 12th June, 1914.
For full Information application should be
mado to the Socretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Landa.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the  Interior.
N.D.—Unauthorised publication of '.his ad'
vertlsemont will not be paid for.—F",676.
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COWAN It BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymoar 44,0
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EVANS t HASTINOS, Aria and Orafti Bldg., Seymoar St Seymour 5«50
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KERSHAW, J. A., BBS Howe SI Seymour 1174
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Alio North Vaneonver Branch, Owner Lonsdale Avenne and Beplmailo
A Booklet Which EveryThink-
ing Wage Worker
Should Read
♦m
_____________
"THE GENESIS AND
EVOLUTION OF SLAVERY"
By E. T. KINGSLEY
B. I. KINOSLEY
the noted miter on wage workeri' problems who hu given the laet word on
thli  subject  tn  "The Oeneeli and
Evolution of Slavery."
Packages of 100 copies or moie
6 cents per copy (carriage paid.)
Single Copies, or ln any number up to 100 copies, 10 cents
each (postpaid).
The merit and real worth
of this publication is shown
by the fact that since it was
issued on November 1, orders for thousands of copies
have been received from all
parts of the world and additional orders are coming in
by every mail.
In a clear out and concise
style this booklet goes thoroughly into the question of
the economic position of capitalist society and the position of the working classes
in relation to it.
The troublesome phases of
the relations between tbe
capitalist and the worker
are dealt with in a manner
which solves in plain and
forceful logic many points
on which the worker of today is often "at sea" when
meeting arguments.
THE BOOKLET FORMS A
VALUABLE TEXT BOOK
AND WORK OF REFERENCE BOTH FOR WORKERS ANO STUDENTS OF
ECONOMIC PROBLEMS.
Many labor organizations arc now sending "repeat" orders for quantities of this booklet, their flrst orders having been
readily disposed of by sale or distribution. These advices
state that the booklet is eagerly sought and read with keen
interest by their members.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦••►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■♦♦♦♦♦■mm
Address all orders to
The B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple, VANOOUVER, B. 0. j ■■-■■■hjhw'jW'im' wi.-^WWWWWWWWMWiWMWWWWiiJgw
PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY......
..June 8, 1017
British Columbia the First
A Department of Labor
HON. J. W. deB. FARRIS
Attorney-General and Minister of Labor
ECAUSE of the Labor situation in this province, and the representations
made by organized Labor, through the B. C. Federation of Labor, the
Brewster government recognized the demand and have  created a
Department of Labor and made provision for a
MINISTER OF LABOR
Hon. J. W. deB. Farris
was selected as the first Minister of
Labor, and confirmed by acclamation
on Tuesday last by his Vancouver electorate.
Hon. J. W. deB. Farris
is the right man to organize and take
charge of the new Department of
Labor.
His fairness and wide experience especially fit him for the position.
For the past nine years Mr. Farris
has been retained as counsel for Vancouver Trades and Labor council.
Mr. Farris defended the miners of
Vancouver Island against the prosecutions brought against them in connection with events arising out of the big
strike a few years ago.
He defended the trade union officials
who were fighting for the right bf free
speech and assembly during the mayoralty regime of Findlay.
Mr. Farris has also acted as counsel
for the Typographical union, Machinists' union and many other local unions,
from time to time, during, the past six
or seven years.
Your Hearty Co-operation Will
Help Farris to make Good
Copy of Bill Creating the First Provincial Department of Labor in Canada
' Hon. the Premier.
BILL.
No. 68.)
11917.
An Act respecting the Department of Labour.
HIS MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the
Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia,
enacts as follows:—
. Short Title.
1. This Act may be cited as thc "Department of Labour Act."
Department of Labour.
2. There shall be a Department of the Civil Service of British
Columbia, to be called the "Department of Labour," over which
the Minister of Labour for thc time being appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor by Commission under the Oreat Seal shall preside,
and the Minister of Labour shall hold office during pleasure and
have the management and direction of the Department of Labour.
3. (1.) The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may appoint a
Deputy Minister of Labour and such other officers, clerks, and servants of the Department of Labour as may be required, who shall
receive such salaries as may be voted from time to time by the Legislative Assembly.
(2.) In the absence of any special vote of the Legislative Assembly for the purposes of this Act, such salaries may, for the fiscal year
ending the thirty-first day of Maroh, 1918, be fixed by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council,and shall be payable out of thcConsolidatcd
Revenue Fund.
Poweri and Duties.
4. The poweri, duties, and functions of the Department of Labour
shall be as follows :—
(a.) To administer the laws of British Columbia affecting
labour:,
(b.) To acquire and disseminate knowledge on all matters connected with the industrial occupations of the people, with
a view to improving the relations between employers and
employees:
(o.) To collect and publish reliable information relating to or
affecting the industries of British Columbia and rates of
wages:
(d.) To collect such statistical and other information respecting trades and industries in British Ooumbia as may be
deemed necessary or expedient from time to time:
(e.) To ascertain the localities in whieh mechanics, artisans, or
workmen in any particular trade or industry are required,
and wherever practicable assist in supplying the demand
for such work or labour:
(f.) To ascertain and report upon sanitary and other conditions
relating to the health, comfort, and well-being of the industrial classes:
(g.) To establish and maintain in the various centres of population throughout British Columbia employment bureaus
and similar agencies for obtaining suitable employment
for working-men:
(h.) To inquire and'report as to the establishment of new
industries in British Columbia where it appears that such
industries can profitably be carried on:
<i.) To inquire into, consider, and report upon the operation of
laws in force in other parts of the British Empire and in
foreign countries having for their objects the protection,
technical training, and welfare of the industrial classes,
and make such recommendations and suggestions thereon
as may be deemed advisable:
(j.) To consider and report upon any petition for or suggestion
of a change in the law of British Columbia relating to
labour and wages or any matter affecting the industrial
classes, presented or made by any trades and labour counoil or other organization representing those classes, or by
any other person:
(k.) To perform such other duties as may from time to time
be prescribed by any Aot of the Legislative Assembly.
5. For the purpose of obtaining thc necessary information to
enable the Department of Labour to carry out this Act, the Minister
of Labour and any officer of the Department of Labour appointed
or authorized by the Minister of Labour, either specially or generally, for that purpose shall from time to time be entitled to:—
(a.) Procure from all officers of any industrial society, industrial union, trade-union, federation of labour, or other
association of industrial workers such information in writing as to the membership, benefits, or advantages enjoyed
or obtainable under thc rules or constitution of any such
society, union, federation, or association, and as to, the
disqualifications or disabilities under such rules *or constitution, as the Minister of Labour from time to time, either
generally or specially, directs or requires;
(b.) Require any person having in his service under a contract
of hiring or apprenticeship, written or oral, express or
implied, any person engaged in any work in or about any
industry, trade, or business to state in writing:—
(i.) The full name of every person having the principal
/ control, superintendencej or management of any kind* of
business carried on by Buch employer;
(ii.) The full name and nationality of every worker
employed by him, together with the nature of the employment, the hours of labour, the mode, terms, and rate of
payment therefor: x
(c.) Obtain from all persons able to furnish the same such
further and other information in respect of the cost of
foodstuffs and other necessaries, and the effect of customs
duties on such cost, and the relation of the same to labour
V      conditions and industrial operations in British Columbia.
6. No information obtained by the Minister of Labour or by any
officer of the Department of Labour under any of the powers herein
contained shall be made use of save for the purposes of thiB Act.
Every person who commits a breach of the provisions of this section
shall be liable, on summary conviction, to a penalty not exceeding
two hundred and fifty dollars.
7. For the purpose of obtaining any information to which he is
entitled under this Aot, the Minister of Labour and any officer
appointed or authorized by him as aforesaid shall have all the
powers and authorities conferred by the "Publio Inquiries Act" on
a Commission issued' or appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor in
Council; and the provisions of that .Act shall, mutatis mutandis,
extend and apply to any inquiry authorized by this Act.
8. Every person who for the space of one month after receipt of
notice to furnish any information required under any of tho provisions of this Act neglects or refuses to furnish the same shall be
liable, on summary conviction, to a penalty not exceeding one hundred dollars, and every person who furnishes information required
under this Act, knowing it to be false, shall be liable to* a like ,
penalty.
,   ' Annual Report.
9. It shall be the duty of the Minister of Labour to make a report
to His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor of the conduct of his Department up to the thirty-first day of December in each year, which
report shall be laid before the Legislative Assembly. The report
shall contain such statistical and other information collected by the
Department of Labour, together with such recommendations based
thereon as the Minister of Labour may think proper, and the report
shall be so framed' as .not to disclose the name or identity of any
employer,' workman, or business.
Regulations.
10. For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this
Act according to their true intent or supplying any deficiency
therein, the Lieutenant-Governor in Council may make such regulations not inconsistent with the spirit of this Act as may be deemed
necessary, advisable, or convenient, including regulations prescribing the forms of notices to be given under this Act, and the forms
in which the information and particulars required shall be supplied
and verified. All regulations shall be published in the Gazette and
Bhall have the same force and effect as if incorporated herein. [PBIDAY...
...June 8, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
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VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Some Caustic Comment on
Current Events and
Human Antics
Suggestions as to How Our
Military Strength May
Be Increased
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., June
5.—It provides one- with a great
deal of umusement to read the mouthpieces of the veBted interests these
days. We notice that they all are yelling for conscription of men and some
of them are making a small noise for
conscription of wealth. I have had
that wonderful organ of veracity, the
Vancouver World, wished on me for a
period of twelve montha, and I am in a
quandry at times, when reading the effects of the editorial brainstorm. I
don't know whether to laugh or cry.
Didn't I hear a story one time about
"Time-is-money Nelson V Or did I
dream itf A member of the Canadian
expeditionary forces, who had enlisted
from the World office, wns bidding his
colleagues good-bye, when the proprietor chased him with tho words, "time
is money." To all appearances the
World is trying to chase a few more,
bat the chasing is going to be tough
slodding.
Yen, Indeed, Why?
Tho World states that there is no
doubt where British Columbia stands on
the issue, and if that is so, why should
they organize a campaign of abuse and
misrepresentation to further the scheme
of Prussian militarism?
The only people so far that are in
favor of conscription of men alone, are
Daughters of the Empire, Ministerial
associations, boards of trade, and similar organizations of professional Black*
ers, men and women who are willing to
sacrifice everyone but themselves upon
the altar of militarism,
Labor's Share.
The World states that the Labor men
in England were mistaken in their
views when they thought that they
wero going to Iobc their handily-won
rights under conscription. It gives aB
an instance of Labor's gain the fact
of the Labor men in Lloyd George's
cabinet.
Labor haB its share of privileges in
Great Britain alright. The Labor papers opposed to conscription and autocracy are prevented from leaving the
country. Let the World try to get the
GlaBgow Forward, or the Labor Leader
from any book stall. Thousands of men
are in jail for daring to exercise the
right of free speech. The provisions
of the Defense of the Realm Act aro
ample evidenco of the glorious freedom
possessed by British Labor, They are
free to speak and think as the British
Jankers wish them to speak and think.
New Zealand Freedom.
I am in receipt of information from
Give Your Wife One
THOUSANDS of wives and daughters run their own Ford
cars.    They use them for shopping, calling, attending the
theatre, taking the children for a run in the country or to
school.
The Ford is as easy to operate as a kitchen range, no knowledge
of mechanical details being necessary. Inexpensive to operate.
A woman can call around town all afternoon, or take a 25-mile
spin in the country, at the minimum of cost for gasoline, oil, wear
on tires, etc.
You couldn't give "her" a present she would appreciate more
than this beautiful, modern car, with its stream-line effect, tapered hood and crown fenders.
If you are contemplating purchasing a car this summer, be
sure and investigate our EASY PAYMENT plan, which makes it
possible for ANYONE to own a Ford Car.
Ferguson Higman Motor Co.
CANADA WEST GARAGE
Seymour 1717
New Zealand, that glorious land of democracy and freedom, ( that the coal
miners have gone on strike against conscription, ana the privilege they have
gained is, the privilege of the union officials to go to jail. We have received
an appeal from Arthur Jordan, asking
the Labor movement to see that hie
family does not suffe* the joys of starvation. He, amongst', others, is in jail.
He expects to get twelve months. He
was chased out of Nanaimo after the
)ast strike, while Germans and Austrians were i working in tho mines at
Nanaimo, and his family is at present
living in Nanaimo.
We have had men chased to the four
corners of tbe earth for standing up
for the principles of democracy.
The coal eompany at South Wellington was the only company on thiB island at the termination of the last
strike that gave the men who had
fought anything like a square deal.
Scum of tba Cesspool.
Some of them evfcn tried to blacklist
men in Australia, and when we see the
paper, owned in a large measure by one
of these companies, or at least by officials of this eompany, coming out with
an editorial condemning the action of
the Trades and Labor''Congress" of
Vancouver, in opposing conscription, it
is disgusting, to say the least. Of
coarse, the poor fellow that edits the
dirty rag for his thirty pieces of silver
is not so much to blame. It is his meal
ticket, and he la only another victim of
thiB rotten cesspool of a system under
which wo exist. At any rate, he shows
a surprising ignorance of past and present events. He talks about the Vancouver TradeB and Labor "Congress"
with their favorite flag, the red flag, of
anarchy, whic.li deluged France with
blood. I didn't know the anarchists
had a flag. I thought they were essentially individualistic. Then he goes on
to say that the socialists would bring
about a socialist regime by compulsion.
I always thought that the socialist
claimed that socialism would only come
through the education of the masses.
Would he mind1 telling us what particular flag is deluging Prance with blood
at the present timet .He says that the
council will not assist in a general effort to defeat Prussian militarism.
That Ib just what tbey are doing. We
cannot defeat militarism by adopting it,
no more than we can prevent murder by
committing another one.
The Prussian Saddle.
There is a vile attempt being made
to saddle upon us a military system, to
take away from us the few rights we
now have.
Did not Miss Laura Hughes give the
show away when she gave the statement of one of England's financial
men.   He said:
"We have got conscription. We
are going to hold on to it and put
the working men where they belong."
Wherever that is..'
But the day iB' earning when the
working man will bo whero he rightfully belongs, and the financial magnates, autocrats and newspaper editors
will either work or starve to death.
Commendable Tactics,
The Daily Herald goes on to give J.
H, McVety a few slams, and in his true
Prussian style, commends the autocratic
tactics of President Wilson and his Cos-
Backs. According to his way of thinking, any man who protests against the
inauguration of Prussian militarism in
Cnnnda is a pro-German, and Bhould be
in jail. Of course, when we realize
whoro all this gush cornea from, we need
not be surprised, for the Daily Herald
is the mouthpiece of the Labor-hating
interests of Nanaimo, who have chased
British subjects to the four corners of
tho   globe   and   replaced   them   with
aliens.''
No Conscription Wanted.
So far thero have been no meetings,
cither for or against conscription, in
this district. But the undercurrent is
strongly against it, and South Wellington local 'unions has persistently gone
on record agalnBt conscription in any
form, even if accompanied by a so-
called conscription of wealth.
We realize that any thing that is
givon us by the powers abovo us, can
just as easily be taken away again.
The only conscription of wealth that
will be of any good will be whon tho
wealth producers decide to take over
the machinery of wealth production and
operate it for the benefit of all men.
The "Sic 'em" Kind.
The Vancouver World, in reporting
the anti-meeting in the Labor Temple,
made the remark that the audienco at
that meeting was composed of men of
military age, thus leaving the inference that the meeting at the Orpheum
waa composed of ineligibles of the
"sic 'em" variety. People who are
quite willing to sacrifice the other fellow, but don't have to go themselves.
There are others who aro patriotic,
but were quite willing for others to go.
They have been hanging back until
they cannot hang back any longer and
save their face. Now they want to
force somebody else to go with them.
If tho powera that be want to augment the Canadian expeditionary forco,
without interfering with industry, why
not send the "lilies of the field," in
other words, the parasites who are living off human society?
Brigades and Battalions.
We could havo an "Amazon brigade," composed of Daughters of the
Empire, Ministerial associations, etc.
Then we could have a battalion composed of boards of trade and kindred
bodies; a battalion of food speculators,
with B. T. Rogers at their head, and
finish up with an army corps of politicians and lnwyers.
The Germ-huns wouldn't -last long
with that bunch, if they would only
bleed Fritz and Hans as efficiently aft
they have bled us,
Looking Over the Abyss.
We are on the edge of the abyss, and
we of the organized labor movement
have got to face the crisis like men.
The unorganized mass are watching
us, and if we fail in this, the hour of
our trial, what hopes havo we of ever
bringing about the solidification of the
ranks of labor?
We must do oar duty to tho claBs wo
represent, irrespective of consequences,
not unnecessarily making martyrs of
ourselves, because one man out of jail
is worth a dozen inside, but if it is
found that tho path of duty leads to
jail, and anything can bo accomplished
by travelling that road, I for one am
willing to travel tho road.
Let us keep in our minds the last
verse of that grand old song, "The Red
Flag":
With heads uncovered, sweat wo nil,
To bear it onward till we fall;
Como dungeons dark or gallows grim,
ThiB song shall be our parting hymn."
Labor Candidate Elected at Oalgary.
The Liberal government was returned
to power in   Alberta yesterday. The
Labor candidate at Calgory Centre was
elected over Tweedie,
BE
The Workers Should Oppose
Military and Industrial
Conscription
No Way to Avoid Favorites
Either ih Service or
Rationing
[By Jos. Naylor]
(President B. C Federation of Labor)
We have in Canada today a great
cry for conscription . What does it
meant Does it mean that if auch a law
comes into force that every man of
cert&in age and of good physique will
be forced to don the khaki and go to
fight the Hunt No. It means that a
master class will have free scope to do
whatever it likes with the workers; to
make murder machines of them; to nut
them on meatless days; to breadfess
days, or days without vegetables. In
fact, it means that you will be driven
to work like a mule, or be used as a
beast of prey to kill whatever comes
within your reach when told to do so,
liko the school boy when he sends Fido
after the cat and says '' seek him.'' In
the first place, this war was started
through the problems that arise from
a system of government which is capitalistic; the Prussian was forced by
this kind of a system to build up a
great army. It doesn't mattor to us
workers whether it had an offensive or
defensive purpose. No doubt the German proletariat was and is told that it
was for a defensive purpose, not only
to crush some other great power, but
to keep a certain portion of the working class employed which would otherwise have been workless, well knowing
that if an unemployed army gets too
big it is dangerous to the class which
owns and does not produco. Germany
being a couplo of hundred years behind
Britain and France in becoming industrialized, or in other words breaking
the bonds of feudalism, she was handicapped as to grabbing continents from
the natives that inhabited those continents. Bear in mind there isn't many
continents to grab and she was forced
by that condition to stay at home and
prepare to seize or steal something from
some other nation, tho same as other
nations have previously stolen from the
natives. For the Prussian parasites
know that external warfare is far better than internal troubles from more
points than one. I hope the Canadian
politicians aro wise to that gamo, too,
for should the torch become ignited,
there is no tolling when it will burn
out.
LaBt week I quoted Chiazza Money
and showed how millions in the old
country were living in the greatest extravagance while the workers were being slaughtered on the battlefields of
Europe and being slowly killed by
overwork and shortage of food. I quote
from theae people because if I didn't,
the members of the Henry Dubb family
would be shouting socialist, and at tho
present time although I am an out and
out socialist, conscription is the issue.
I am again going to the columns of
tho Sunday Chronicle for my proofs
that conscription isn't necessary, and
that favoritism has been shown in Britain, and will be shown in Canada. If
all these so-called men that are waving flags and crying on with the war
would only get in and do a little for
tho flag they profess to love, instead
of trying to forco men to kill that are
trying in every peaceable way to usher
into the place of capitalism a Bane Bystem which will forever blot out such a
cataclysm that ia taking place in Europe today, there wouldn't be any need
of conscription, if the war lasted ten
years longer. But if it was for strike
duty, where their opponents would bo
men in a defenceless position or for the
clubbing of women and children, thev
would be thero with bells on. The following is from tho Chronicle of May
6th:
Reasonable Rationing,
"Some of the people who aro all for
compulsion for compulsion's sake, are
either very ignorant or very disingen-
ious. We nccopted military conscription not because it would be proof
against favoritism, but because we
know that the numbers of volunteers
would not be sufficient. Tho compul-
sioniat, however, strongly urged that
only by compulsion could cook'a aon,
duke's son and aon of a wealthy man
be got with an oven hand. Events
have proved the contrary. Many peoplo with Bocial pulls, whether possessed
individually as by relatives of tribunals membera, or collectively as miners
and enginoers and the doctors bave escaped aervice. Now the compulsionists
nre advocating bread rationing. They
declaro that voluntary rationing has
failed and that compulsory rationing
would provent waste and would place
rich and poor on the same footing. It
would, they say, take it out of the power of tho food hog to fill himself while
peoplo havo to pay high prices for
small quantities. But it ia nonsense to
say that tho doctor and the docker, the
artist and tho artisan, the merchant
and tho munition worker, tho idle nnd
the industrious, ahould all bo put on the
same bread allowance. The other day
I had breakfast at an hotel. It was
meatlessi day. But the prosperous men
there ute on an average one plate of
porridge, ono plate of fiflh, two new
laid eggs and a ration of bread and
marmalade. Tho cost price of coch
breakfast would be at least one shilling
and twopence. Poor people cannot afford to pay that price for one meal.
Yot the doctrinaire compulsionist
would deny the poor their bread, heedless of thc fact that they could not fill
tho vacnncy by fish, flesh, fowl or good
rod herring. Compulsory equal rationing of bread only will mean both greater waste of bread and semi-starvation
for the poor. If there is to bo compulsion, the rationing should be on a
sliding scale. If all the peoplo who
can afford sufficient substitutes were
denied bread altogether and the bread
then doled out according to occupation
of tho particular recipient, then rationing of hreadstuffs would be beneficial.
But if this cannot be done, rationing of
breadstuff* alone will be almost as irnd
na a famine in Its effect on the poor,
for the poor will get loss than they
must have to continue fit, While tho
rich will get more than they ever desire
to eat. If bread is to be rationed
equally, then all other foods must be
rationed equally. The poor will not
mind giving up a good deal of bread if
GREAT SALE OF
BICYCLES
- ' . *    •* y
$45.00 Values for $37.95
The Princeton Bicycle—having a
world-wide reputation, and backed
by a solid guarantee. The strongest
and most reliable bicycle on the market, in the following combination
colors—black with Vermillion trimmings, black with orange trimmings
and maroon trimmings—in 20, 22
and 24-inch frame.   Begular (45-00.
Sale Price, $37.95
I^iOhpButJsDn'sBaufompanii.
Granville and Georgia Streeta
they can get a fair share of the salmon,
the devilled kidneys, the asparagus
and the other things which enable the
well lined purse to stretch bread, until
even a crumb of a rich man's table becomes a square meal. Now that potatoes are cut off, the poor do indeed live
by almost bread alone. Those who are
not poor never did. To cross wheaten
bread forever off their bill of fare
would not cause them.much inconvenience. But appreciably to diminish the
daily bread of' the- manual worker
would mean less efficiency in the munition shops and a greater waste of
food. But though for these reasons
compulsory bread rationing is advisable, voluntary rationing should be
practised by every one. , The government has made the way a little easier
by checking the rise in the price of
peas and beans. That tends to rectify
the extraordinary position, which despite its scarcity waB still the cheapest. Bread is the staff of life to the
poor. It is at thia moment also the
staff from which the empire'a flag
flies. The poor must havo that or they
perish. And yet it must be conserved
until the next harvest, or the poor and
the nation will go down together. The
solution lies not in rationing by law,
but by reasoning by individuals. But
you cannot reason a person into starving himself, and to legislate him into
semi-starvation while you are well fed,
is a thing which parliament will do at
its peril/'
Now, there you have it, Canadian
workera, favoritiam in conscription,
cook's son, duke's aon and sons of
wealthy men, and frienda of members
of tribunals, men with social pulls, all
exempt from military duty. Thousands
of them- and this same useless bunch
are the men that are trying to legislate
tho workers of Britain into slow starvation, while they frolic in the midst
of plenty, and this ia the same tribe
that is trying to push onto you the
curse of Prussianism—compulsory militarism. Are you going to stand for itf
I hope not.
STBEET BAILWAY EMPLOYEES
OF DETBOIT WIN XNOBEASE
Will Mean a Gain of Nearly Million
Dollara a Tear for Employees
Increases in wagea that will total
nearly a million dollars',a year for the
employeos of the Detroit United Bail-
ways were agreed on laBt week by the
boaTd of arbitration. The* findings of
the board as drafted were signed by
two of three members—Judson Grenell,
chairman, and Judge Edward J. Jeffries. The third, John A. Russell, who
was appointed to represent the oompany, is expected to sign later, Tho
two signatures, however, constitutes a
deciaion. Conductors and motormen
who have served one year or leaa will
got 35 cents an hour, and these who
nave served more than ono year will get
10 cents an hour 'under tho board's
award. The men asked 40 cents an
hour for the flrst 8 months nnd 45 cents
an hour thereafter. The old rate waa
27% centa an hour the first 6 months,
32% cents the next 18 months, and 35
cents thereafter, The Detroit award
increases the pay of car men from 5
to 7% cents an hour, and tbe maximum
pay period has been decreased to one
year. President W. D. Mahbn presented the caae of the Detroit street railway employees, membera of Division
to the arbitration board.
0ALGABY UNIONISTS ACTIVE
Taking Fart in Elections and Persistently Industrially.
The Trade unioniatB of Calgary are
busy on the political end of the line,
and the enclosed circular will give you
their aims and objects. They have a
pretty live committee working, among
whom are several ladies.
The Linemen throughout the province
of Alberta are out on strike for an increase in pay and recognition of their
union. The provincial government own
end control the telephone system and
the Linemen are up against the government.
The carpenters here are busy organizing and are doing fairly well up to
the present.
The new armory, whioh is under
construction, is running a crew of union
carpenters; those who are not carrying
a card at the present time have signified their intentions of signing up.
.8.
Lattar Carriers Mtot.
The regular monthly meeting was
held in Labor Temple on Friday, June.
1st, a fair number of membera being
present. One new member was initiated by Vice-president Griffiths, who officiated in the absence of President Cook,
who haa not yet recovered from an operation for appendicitis. Delegates
Dodds and Knowles reported on the activities of the Trades Council. Communications were received from Victoria and Winnipeg branches, calling
attention to their nominees (Brothers
Bird and Hammond respectively) for
Western representative so T. ft L. Congress. Considerable 'aWuasion ensued
over the proposal to run the third annual picnic on July 7. A committee
composed of Bros. Knowles, Buck and
Cass, was formed, to go fully into the
matter. The chief complaint seems to
be lack of support from our own membership. Thoso who want a picnic,
should not forget it when the day
comes, yet thia ia an annual occurrence
with some of the boys. Next meeting
July 6th, when the picnic committee
hope to announce full arrangements.
Como along. F. K.
Street Bailway Employees,
, Nominations of officers for the ensuing half-year will take place next Wed---
nesday.
E. S. Cleveland, of the Stroot Bail-
way Employees' union, bas boen confined to his home for tho past four
weeks.
AT THE BROADWAY NEXT WEEK,  ^
Paulino Frederick hai played many great
roles nn tha screen, ranging from "Zaia,"
the French actress, and "Bella Donna," the
English adventuress In the Orient, to "Aud*
rey," the simple Ank-rtean child of the forest, and the primitive French • Canadian
"Nanette of the Wilds." Now the great
Famous Players atar appears at the Broadway next week in the role of a proud Spanish beauty In the Paramount Picture. "The
Slave Market." With ber Is Thomaa
Molghan, former Lasky player, who makes
his first appearance in a Famous Players
production ln this picture.
Tba "Slave Market," which was written
by Frederic Arnold Kumraer and directed
by Hugh Ford, Is a thrilling romance of the,
Spanish Main, of pirates, love, hate, and all
tbat goes with them. It is crammed full of
aetion, from' the time that Paulino Frederick
steps upon the screen until, In a tremendous
scene, Thomas Melgban, as a soldier of fortune, rescues her from the band of pirates
who had placed her on sale In tbe slave
market ln revenge for tbe death of their
leader.
UNION  MADE HATS
We carry a full line of
Mallory Hats, union-made,
carrying the American label.
Also English union-made
soft hats in all colors, and in
all the latest styles.
$3.00 and $4.00
Colquhoun &
Ostrosser, Ltd.
EXCLUSIVE HATTERS
61 Hastings Street Eaat
Winnipeg    Vancouver    Oalgary
THOUSANDS USB THEM-
EVERYBODY RECOMMENDS THEM
EMPRESS
SPICES and EXTRACTS
P0BITY QUALITY STRENGTH
Backed up hy the Empress pure food money back guarantee
ASK YOUR GROCER FOR THEM
EMPRESS
-it ho doesn't carry them,
notify us
Manufacturing Co.
Vancourer, B. O.
am.
__MB_. ammmm_mmmm\lmaTtms-u
PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH'COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Your good health is
worth money to you
—then keep your teeth in good order.
DON'T let that defective tooth of yours go without attention until it gets so bad that you suffer intensely—can't
do your work properly—have to lay off work because of ita
root becoming abscessed—and, in the end, lead to your losing
the tooth.
AND, while Vou are delaying, that defective tooth is affecting your general health.   It keeps you from eating
properly and getting full nourishment from your food.
Make aa appointment with me Bid let me tell yon
what should be done for yonr teeth—but, do it now,
don't delay until too late.
Wm. H. Thompson
DOCTOR OF DENTAL 8VB0BB7
602 Granville Street
-Private entrance
Phone Dental
nurse for an
appointment
CLOTHING
VALUES
Our business is built on satisfied customers. Our
whole organization is planned to give you perfect fit,
style and quality in clothing. Ask to see our $25 line
of guaranteed fadeless blue serge suits, made of the
finest West of England woollens. Other suits in all
styles and colors at from $15 to $40.
Our own tailors give you individual service.
Your money's worth or your money back.
WM. DICK, LIMITED
2 Big Stores for Men
33,47-49 HASTINGS STREET EAST
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year's subscription to The B.
0. Federationist, will be nailed to any address in Canada for $10. (Oood anywhere
outside of Vaneoaver city.) Order tea to*
day,   Bemlt when aold.
MILLINERY SPECIAL
50 Trimmed Hats
Regular Values $5.00 to $9.00,
FRIDAY and SATURDAY for, Only $3.95
THE PATRICK CO.
532 Granville Street     ,
pttoutg
Semi-ready quality, '
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or Overcoat.
$18.00 to $40.00
THOMAS & McBAlN
665 OEANVILLi STREET
Sole Agenti for Vancouver
A GOOD HAT
is cheapest in the long run
This holds good now to a greater
degree than ever before.
The moral is—buy GOOD HATS—
buy theta at Richardson ft Pott's,
where only OOOD HATS are sold.
Yet the prices remain 13, 13.50,
84, IS and $6.
Each at ita price is the utmost in
value.
Many lines of UNION-MADE
HATS hefo for your consideration.
Richardson (k Potts, Ltd.
417 Granville Street near Comer of
Huttngi Street   .
Broadway Theatre
MATH AT BEOADWAT
PHONB FAIR. IM
MONDAY AND TUESDAY,
June 11 and 12
Pauline Frederick
-IN-
"The Slave Market"
WEDNESDAY aad THURSDAY
Vivian Martin
—IN—
"THE WAX MODEL"
PRIZE DRAWINO THURSDAY
9 p.m.
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
House Peters and Myrtle Stedman
-IN-
"THE HAPPENINGS OF THREE WOMEN"
Billie Burke in "GLORIA'S ROMANCE," Chap. 4
B.C. FEDERATION OF
LABOR ISSUES
Objects to Having Canada
Arbitrarily Dosed with
,    Prussian Kultur"
Calls for "Down Tools Policy" As Protest Against
the Infliction
Following up protest meetinga, the
executive committee of tho 13. C. Federation of Labor ib this week submitting a proposal to the membership
throughout the provinco to "down
tools" in case the federal government
goea so far as to attempt to enforce
conscription of man-power alone, without at least seeking a mandiitc from the
electorate, preferably in the form of a
general election.    The  circular rends:
To all Organized Labor in the Province
of British Columbia.
Qreeting:
The above federation, at tho last convention held in Bevelstoke, B. C, in
January of this year, went on record as
being opposed to "Begistration or
Conscription," either industrial or military. The reasons for this opposition
are:
1. That military or industrial conscription is the imposition of a form
of servitude which is obnoxious to a so-
called free people.
2. Tbat militarism is the curse of
present civilization, and a result of
trade jealousies between nations.
3. That military autocracy in Germany or any other country cannot be
defeated by the eBtabliahment of the
aame form of autocracy in countries
which have been free from them.
4. That the only people that can defeat so-called Prussianism is the people of Germany, and the adoption of a
like system in thia country only extends the evils of a Prussian military
system to a people who have been free
from such servitude, and who resent
the attempt, "under any pretext," to
foist upon them conscriptive measures,
military or industrial, which would in:
evitably bring about a similar situation
in this country, to that which obtains
in countries cursed by cohipulsory military service.
5. Measures of this nature imposed
upon, a people under the guise of temporary necessity, have invariably become permanent inatitutiona.
To carry out the oppoaition aa voiced
by the tradea unionists of this province,
it is necessary that the executive be
givon power to carry out that opposition by deeds bs.wbII ns words. The
only method that can be mado effectivo
is the "DOWN" TOOLS POLICY OF
THE GENEBAL STRIKE." Tho following question ia therefore submitted
to all local unions in tho province, to
consider which special meetings ahould
be called for tho purpose of talcing tbo
votes of the membors ! at the earlieBt
opportunity, and the resjlt of the ballot 'sent to the secretary-treaBurer ub
soon ns it is known.
A. S. WELLS,
Secretary-Treasuror,
OFFTCIAL BALLOT.
Question:
Are you prepared to place in the
hands of the executive of the British
Columbia Federation of Labor, the
power to call a general strike in the
event of conscription, either military or
industrial, being made effective by the
dominion government!
FRIDAY...
^Special Values in
Muslin
Petticoats
Special 75c—Petticoats of-
good quality cotton with,
tucked'  and hemstitched
flounce   and   with   dust
ruffle.
Special $1.00 — Various
styles at. this price, one
having dust ruffle, deep
flounce and insertion, and
others with tucked embroidery flounce.
Special $1,25—Cotton petticoats with hemstitched
muslin flounce and dust
ruffle and also some with
fine Swiss embroidery
flounce. Many styles at
this price.
Flesh colored Cambric
Petticoats, made with very
full wide ruffle, with scalloped embroidery edge, all
sizes, at $1.50 each.
Cotton Poplin Petticoats,
made with wide ruffle and
finished   with   scalloped '
embroidery edge, all sizes,
at $1.75 each.
Attractive Petticoats,
made with embroidery
frill and having dust ruffle
and lace trimming or with
beading, which is ribbon
run.  All sizes, $2.00.
Bedford Cord Petticoats,
made with bias flounce
and having plain buttonhole edge; all sizes, at
$2.25 each.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575Granville Phone Sey. 3540
When Wheel of Evolution
is Spragged a Wreck is
About Due
Then a Storm, a Quake, a
Death, and Probably the
Birth of a New Order
ORGANIZED LABOR FULLS
OFF BIG MEETING
(Continued from pago 1)
was to hold a general election, for
never was a more servile bunch in tho
employ of thetruling cluss than those
in authority in the government at the
present time,
"Organized labor in Canada has
given the workers the cue, and if it is
used properly it would give the key of
the situation into their hands, and
work out for the benefit of the entire
community," said Mr. Pettipiece, in
conclusion.   *
[By W. W. Lefeaux]
The tropical sens, those expanses of
sunlit waters that to the cnsunl observer nppenr to be perpetually engaged in
the peaceful task of reflecting the
blue'aky and giving shelter to the
teeming life of the ocenn, are subject
to atmospheric disturbances of incalculable violence. When pent up natural
forces get beyond the restraining influence of other natural forces and obstacles to their action, we are oft-
times confronted with situations that
bode not well for the h'aman in their
path. And yet no law of evolution
has been broken. One more drop will
cause a full vessel to overflow and the
proverbial last straw will break the
camel's back.
When, in the general metabolism,
evolutionary development reaches a
certain stage, we have a birth, a death,
a storm, a quake or some other phenomenon thnt appears to expreBB itself
suddenly. Looking into the matter we
always find that the particular phenomenon was caused by a number of
conditions and circumstances moving
with apparently imperceptible progresa
until the containing envelopment buTBts
and something seemingly new dawns
upon ub. To use the common vernacular, "something happens."
Today something is happening. Following the natjrnl sequence of events
in tho evolutionary development of capitalism, we have a condition of compulsory military service dawning upon
us. Aa students of affairs, we should
not be altogether surprised that we
Bhould be conscripted to go and fight
in the defence of property rights in
which we have no intereat.
Ever since theWnception and introduction of PROPERTY into human affairs, we have had society divided into
the holders of property rights and tho
propertylcss. How we first came to ac-
copt this state of affairs with any
equanimity is probably a long Btory
covering thousands of yenrs. We can,
however see without undue strain of
our imaginative faculties that the
Strong Arm, Trickery, Lying, Supine
Beligion nnd other delectable methods
havo been continually in use to bolster
up in possession those who were tible
from time to time to ride in the position thnt property meant for them.
-June 8, 1917
OUR SERVICE will be ap-
predated by UNION MEN
because every clerk in our
store is a UNION  MAN
A better collection of Clothing than-what
we have now in stock, could not be assembled, even in normal times.
Nevertheless, owing to our Right Selling
■Plan, (no "sales" at any time), we can still
quote these remarkably low prices.
$15, $18, $20, $25, $30, $35, $40
C"mHllT HARr SCHAFFNER &KARX ClOTNEf*
LHIDHNS
wsW unrrco
(55 HASTINGS ST. W.
The Only Clothing and Furnishing Store
in Vancouver Employing Union Clerks
SUOAE REFINERY STRIKERS
CONFIDENT OF VICTORY
Vary Few Strike-breaker. Coming to
Reacua of Notorious Sugar King.
Tho strike of employees of the B. T.
Rogers' sugar refinery, ia still in full
forco and effect. The pickets are on
active duty, aad report that bat few
strike-breakers have been secured to
tak-3 their places. The union longshoremen have refused to handle the products destined for the plant, and to offset this the sugar king is importing
sugar from Seattle to fill British Columbia orders. The fight haB-been a long
anil hitter one, but with the continued
active snupport of organized labor, the
strikers arc confident that they oan yet
win out. One of the striking girls, who
has been acting as a picket, was fined
$5 and costs last week for rather rough*
ly persuading a strike-breaker of her
own sex to remain away from the
works. One or two of the pickets have
been also fined for intimidating strike*
breakers, but no serious damage is recorded. The city is maintaining police-
protection aplenty, one of them being so
enamored with the job that he at times
goes Into the bullpen to eat with the
scabs inside. Bjt in spite of these re*
strictions, the pickets are doing effec*
tive work, and have the sugar king
sweating huge drops of pay-triotic
blood.
So difficult Is it to hold the strikebreakers that the sugar king haa found
it necessary to move a piano into the
refinery. Music hath charms. Thiel detectives are also trailing after the girls
on strike, no matter where they go, at
all houra of the day and night. These
little incidents, however, are only
strengthening the determination of the
strikers to win.
CARPENTERS' SMOKER
> B. of O. Arranging Reception for
Oanenl Presidont Hutcheson.
The membera of the United Brotherhood of Carpentera are organizing a
smoker and reception for General President llutcheson, in anticipation of hia
visit to Vancouver. The reception committee will meet to arrange everything
in good shape for a real old-time smoker. During tho past woek, fourteen additions have been added to tbe roll of
membership.
SAYS BYE-ELECTIONS MAY
BE HELD AUGUST 10
The probability of the bye-elections
in Vancouver, Newcastle nnd Alberni
being held about August 10, was told
to a gathering recently at the meeting
of ward one Liberal association, by
Patrlok Donnelly, who said that he had
been advised It wns the desire that
those constituencies should have their
representatives on the floor of the house
when the legislature holds its adjourned
session, which commences A'jgust 14.
Speak for the Federation.
A. S. Wells, secretary-treaaurer of
the B. C. Federation of Labor, the next
speaker, was anxious that, the press
should take note of the fact that he
was not a German, but was able to
trace his ancestry down through several
hundred years in the old land.
His address was short, being confined to the fact that whereas in the present war Canada was supposed to be
fighting a military autocracy, yet it
was found that the aame kind of autocracy was going to be put over by the
Canadian government.
Said he: "No people, save Prussians, can kill Prussian militarism, and,
if conscription is brought here, it
means that Germany has spread its
autocracy into this country.''
The B. C. Federation of Labor and
the TradeB and Labor Congress were
out to make a fight against conscription, and ho was there to bring that
message. ,
"In the event of conscription passing, the B. C. Federation will, through
its executive officers, issue a "down
tools" order throughout the entire pro*
vince, and it is safe to say that this
would in all probability spread through
the dominion," concluded Mr. Wells,
amid applause.
Then the speaker of the evening, B.
T. Kingsley, took the floor, and delivered a splendid address, and one which
drove homo facts to the mind of the
folks in front of the footlights.
"Conscription," said he, "hnd to
stand on its merits, for there waa never
a cause in the world which waa worthy
of support but i could so stand, and
that which feared discussion, feared the
truth. This cause cannot be bolstered
■up by villification or abuse, and if
there is nothing better to offer than
the cry of pro-German at those who
oppose it, then lt ia a weak cause and
must fall by virtue of ita weakness."
"Thero never was n despotism yet
fastened upon a people by virtue of
anything which could appeal to their
reason; it alwaya had to be put over by
brute force."
"Our ancestors were opposed to the
brutal despotism of Europe; they left
there to escape it," aald he, "and to
enjoy some semblance of democracy;
then shall we sacrifice that for which
they suffered at the whim of the ruling clasBf"
Continuing, the speaker said the
workers were not opposed to the war
going through to its ultimate end. It
was something which had to come as
the logical result of certain causes.
The Blsa of Democracy.
Ho then traced the period of evolution from the earliest days of thc dawn
of democracy to tho present, dealing
with tho French revolution, when the
autocracy and unbridled despotism of
the' nobility and the church were
broken and the people took to themselves a modicum of democracy and aet
up a government In which they could
participate.
Britain, by a gradual process, follow*
ed, and arrived at a similar result, and
today British monarchy hsd loBt all
brutkl nad despotic powers,   the king
being only in authority granted from
dny to day through the parliament.
Autocracy ln Danger.
Speokinfr of Gcrmnny, Mr. Kingsley
said that in that empire, the parliament
could not declare wnr or arrange
penco, tho kaiser being absolute, the
country being undor the rule of military autocracy.
Because the German empire and Austria saw that the democracy of France
and Britain threatened their very existence and because of tho democracy of
the United States and the fact that Italy was a constitutional Btate, they realized that it wob absoluely necessary
for them to go to war in defence of
their autocracy. .. .
Personally, he was bitterly opposed
to the prolongation of German autocratic rule, and he believed that every
working man must find his sympathies
alongside of the' Allies* ih the fight
against the autocratic rule of Germany.
" Anyone who tries to fnBten the yoko
of autocracy on the necks of tbe people
of Canada Is most distinctly pro-German," declared the speaker, who went
on to say that the citizens were entitled to look . with suspicion on any
military establishment, for it waa autocratic in its ultimate ns militarism was
a complete denial of democracy. .
"We are opposed to the Introduction of the military [ system .in Cnnnda," he'said, and'th'e audience were
with him to the echo.   ,
"We have nothing but admiration
for those men. who have gone to the
front of their own free wUl to do battle for their country, no matter what
their country may be, but wo have
none for the man in an official position
who, well, let mo tell you of a type,
"Slacken."
"I won't mention any names, but
there Ib a certain public official la tho
city who presided over a conscription
meeting held in Vancouver. I hnve no
doubt he spoke eloquently at that meeting. He* is a man in the prime of life,
of military age and physically fit, and
yet he has not offered himself for ser*
vice for his country and bis king. I
don't like this particular type. It's
like snakes. I don't pick out any particular snake, but I don't like the type
in general.
"Another mnn, who sits In an editorial chair, of a weekly paper, I may
Bay in both senses, who stands, I under*
Btand, alx feet high, and is snld to be
one of the finest specimens of physical manhood one eould wish to find,
an all round athlete and a person who
ahould be able to throw a bomb a mile;
he also haa not yet offered himself, yet
these people would forec others to go.
These men who are so glib in advocating that the chains of military servitude
should be rlvetted on the limbs of other
people, ahould go first to show an exam*
pie to others, rothen than sit back and
yell 'slackers and traitor.'
Democracy's Deathknall.
"The inauguration of conscription
in Canada would Bound the deuthknoll
of Canadian democracy, for tho con*
script Is not n free mnu, nnd is not the
poBflesBor of democrntlc privileges."
Siiid Mr. Kingsley: "I nm Borry to
sec that It has gone through In the U.
S., for It means tho thin end of the
wedge which will tnke away from them
the sacred rights of citizenship.
Tbe government In Canada has no
mandate calling upon It to declare a
conscription measure, and has only the
legal right to go to the country for reelection or defeat."
'    The "Overwhelming Demand."
"From whom do we hear the overwhelming demand for conscriptionI"
nsked he. "From the bonrds of trnde,
tbe chambers of commerce and the ministerial association nnd thoBe who ore
always going to uplift the poor   and
raise them to tho millenium of wealth
"The boards of trade, etc., aro composed of persons who are trading in tho
woalth tho working class has produced and been swindled out of, and
naturally those bodios wish to keep the
workers in subjection.
"All tho glory won at the war will
hot feed the returned soldier after the
fight is done.
A Comparison of Strength.
"The working class has ever had to
pay the bill, and so long as they have
somo slight degree of democracy left to
them, they should struggle to preserve
It, evon if they have to go as far as the
Russian brothers went, kicking the
wholo profit-mongering clnss off thoir
backs and taking possession of the entire earth."
Tho spenker then pointod out that
Petrograd was said to be experiencing
a reign of terror, because tho clerks
there had applied for a raise of 100 per
cent, on their wages, after which he
took the figures given by eminent aa>
thorities as to the number of available
men nt present on the battle fronts and
showed that there wore at least 85 millions of British nnd French, ns opposed
to 05 millions of Gcrmnns, and naked his
hearers if they did not believo the British nnd French were more thnn
equal man for lnnn to the Teutons, in
which case, where wns the necessity for
tho conscription measure which the
government was trying to put overt
There was no logical renson, ho contended, why one more mnn should go
from Canada ti Europo.to flght in this
wnr.
"I don't know what schemo is behind this conscription business," he
snid, "but I havo faith enough in those
who nro at the front to believo that
thoy will clean up thnt Gorman bunch,
but whnt is needed is food nnd Bteol."
No Absolutism Wanted.
"Thc present system in Canndn,"
continued he, "is so much hotter than
thnt of military absolutism, that it
is up to tho citizens to see to it that no
jot or tittle of it gets away from
them."
"Now, ns to going to the front,"
said the spenker, "I wnnt to Bay that I
would not advise a man to eithor go
or stay away. I have never advised a
man to do a thing I ennnot do myself,
nnd in that I differ from, well, say, the
mayor of the city of Vaucouver.
"I would not put' the yoke of eon-
scription on any man's neck, and by
the eternal, I'll bawl my head off before they shall put it on mine.
I would not, however, prohibit the
holding of a public meeting by those
who favor conscription, for I maintain
that every cause demands a hearing.
Why Rolen Rale.
"There never was a ruler on earth,
or a ruling class, that did, not rule for
one specific purpoie, that he or it
might rob. I am not in favor of taking
up arms to support that dais, for I
believe there is only one fight which'
is justifiable, and that is when. the
common people take up arms to fight
for their, liberties and freedom ngninst
the capitalist Bystem. .        „
"When I look at theae sugar lords
and bloated capitalists, I feel like drafting, riot them, hiit the system which
allows them to fatten on the juice of
the poor working plug's bones. And
the capitalist hogs talk patriotism. It
is a wonder they do not choke. Believe
me, my friends, he who loves hla country la he who loves the people of thnt
country. He who is a patriot is ready
to fight for the people of his clnss, and
the kind of patriot who fattens on war
prof ItB is of no use to any one."
When Laber II AIM.
Tbe speaker commented on the at*
tempts made lu Australia to bring In
conscription, end said they were doom-
ed to failure, following this by an allusion t» the tactics employed by the
Welsh coal miners in their strike at the
beginning of the war, tactics which, if
employed by the workers of Great
Britain aa a whole, would have   com-
fielled the government to take over all
ndustriea. /
He pointed to the fact that industries
wero being shut down becauee the Alberta nnd Crows Nest mines were
clOBcd, nnd remarked that the prairie
people would have to suffer from lack
of fuel in addition to the lon of work
occasioned by the shutdown. Yet the
government would conscript tke workers.
At* Getting Vu Mob*/.
"If it were a ease where the life of
the nation was at stake, then I," aald
the speaker, "would say It wai wisdom
on the part of the government to take
the strongest measures, hut here il the
ense In a nutshell. The capitalists aro
getting more money out of the war
than out of peace, therefore they are
In favor of war without end, for thnt
menns that their profits will continue." -^
Aa to the treatment of the men after
peace is declared, Mr. Kingsley pointed
out that the great majority of the
couutriei were at present on the verge
of bnnkruptcy, and no matter What
good intentions the governments may
have towards the men, they would be
powerless to keep their pledge!, for
there would be no queition of indemnities when this fight wu done, as no
country would hnve the meana with
wblch to pay.
Sooner or Inter the war must end, ns
H-usuin wns ready for peace with no
annexation of territory   and no indem
nity, nnd the' man power nnd power to
pny was being fast exhauBtod, whioh
mndo it utter nonsense to dream of collecting indemnities from nations which
were busted.
Within a year a demand would come
from the belligerents that the war end
on the terms put down by tho Russiuns,
and when the kaiser had to go baok to
his peoplo with his wonderful lies of
victories, despotism would Inst no longer thnn the fabled snowball in the
nether regions. Then thore wpuld be
a chance for that goodwill and peace
on earth which might havo a laBtimr
qunlity.
The Two Slaves.
"When democracy has swept despotism away," said he, "the doom of war,
will be sealed and we Bhnll hear no
more of theso World struggles. The soldier came upon the stage of human
events alongside of tho slnvo; they
have travelled together all through the
play, and they will go out togethor.
The presence of the slnve made it imperative that tho soldier should be on
the scene to hold him to his job.
"Thc military autocracy is bad forS
the German people, nnd it would be bad
for tho Cnnndinns; therefore I sny, if
we relinquish onc iota of thc freodom
won by our nncestors, wo nro foolish
nnd deserve all we get.
"In conclusion, lot me sny thnt tho
journey from tho old dnys of tho press
gnng, whon tho men wore compelled to
fight, to the present democrncy, hns
been a long nnd « hnrd struggle, but -
it is u short ono bnck from conscription to tho pross gnng in nil its pris-
tino benuty; thereforo bo ndvised by
mo, don't take it."
Amid prolongod chocring, the .veteran speaker took his scot, after which
Chairman McVoty asked for a show of
hands from those opposed to conscrip-
• tion, which resulted in nt lenst 95 por
cent, putting up their hands, tho call
for tho consorlptionists showing thnt if
thero were mnny at tbo opening of the
meeting, the arguments put forward
hud proved conclusive so far as they
were concerned.
The thanks of those responsible for
the gathering was tendered to the audience for showing the city couneil that
Bn orderly meeting eould be held on the
subject of conscription, and the gathering dispersed, a few ladles at the rear
singing the national anthem as the balance filed out. Some alight interruption to the clearing of the theatre occurred when one of the ladles took
exception to being nsked to sing "God
save the People," but this wai merely
a side issue.
'A' collection of $49.80 was given by
those present towardB defraying the expenies of the meeting.
FACTS
ABOUT OUB
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that money can buy for the price
we ask.
And we believe that we aro giv-
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city.
UNION MADE
os far as possible
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649 HASTINOS STREET WEST
BAGGAGE
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Transfer
McNeill, Welch & Wilaon
Limited
	
'    i Hiiislif"4"***—'

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