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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 22, 1917

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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TBADBS AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 22,1917
POLITIOAL UNITT:   VIOTOBT
(In Vueeavar V
Oity. 12.00   /
$1.50 PER YEAR
Human Values Not to Count
Against the Sanctity of
Material Wealth
Workers  Should   Not Be
Mover or Swayed by
Sophistry
'IF LAWS ARE TO BE
CHANGED THEN PEOPLE
MUSTDOf HE CHANGING'
-Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
[By Jamea C.  Watters.]
(President Trades   and   Labor Congress ot
Canada.)
THE Conscription measure has
been introduced to parliament
and its provisions made public. As anticipated by organized
labor, it provides for the conscription of man power alone. Without
entering into detail, its outstanding feature is the recognition of
the sacredness of material wealth
and the sanctity of privileged interests on the one hand, with the
cheapness of human life and the
trivial value of human welfare on
the other. It means the conscription of man power and the conservation of wealth. It means
that human values are transcended by material wealth; that men
must be sacrificed and' the owners
of wealth left to the undistributed
enjoyment of their riches; that
men will be under compulsory
service for military purposes while the
production and transportation of the
material essentials necessary to the prosecution of the war will continue on a
voluntary basis and profiteering remain
the prompting motive. The Bill provides no loophole of escape for the man
without means, but tho door of escape
is left open for the wealthy by the
elaborate system of tribunals and appeals from one to tho other which
Clauses 7 to 10 of the Bill establish.
The man without money has no appeal;
the man with money can run the whole
gamut of the supreme court itself, and
thereby delay it, even though he cannot entirely escape enforced enlistment.
The Premier's "Duty."
- Up till the time tho prime minister
left for London we had repeated assurances that conscription was not contemplated by the government. On the
27th of December last, while discussing with him the registration scheme
of the National Service Board, he stated, in connection with the adoption of
conscription, in the hearing of Vice-
presidents Simpson and Bigg, Secretary
Draper and myself, that he would consider it his duty to consult organized
Labor before undertaking to act on a
matter of such grave importance.
How the "Duty" Was Fulfilled.
Tho firBt intimation I had was in the
daily press and no official of our Congress was consulted.
We were not consulted, but the Congress Executive sought an interview
with the prime minister after his pronouncement oa Mny .18th last, to learn
his reasons for his changed attitude.
There was not the shadow of a reason
revealed at the interview to warrant a
change from voluntary to compulsory
service. On the contrary, the statements made by tho prime minister,
taken in conjunction with the informntion I gleaned while in Washington
the week previous, all went to demonstrate that the need of the hour was
not men at the front so much as food
for the people in our Motherland,
France and Italy; the means of transportation of the same by overcoming
the submarine menace and the manufacturing of all war supplies and
building of ships.
Row to Consecrate.
The greatest service that Canada can
render the Allies, therefore, is to conscript (not borrow) the wealth of the
nation, to take over and operate the
mines, railroads, munition works and
other establishments necessary to the
prosecution of the war (including the
banking system) to eliminate the last
vestige of profiteering, thus giving the
nation the benefit, instoad of the profiteer, of the work done. The conscription of 50,000 to 100,000 men to send
to the front where they are of comparatively minor importance, looks
pathetically inadequate alongside of the
tremendous service which could be rendered the empire by setting at naught
the established order of things and consecrating tho whole power of the nation
to win the war.
A Warning.
I consider it my duty to sound a
note of warning to the organized workers not to permit themselves to be
shackled with the chains of conscription. In the event of its being established, any effort on the part of the
workers to ameliorate conditions can
be frustrated by simply calling them to
the colors and'plndng them under mill*
.tary discipline, when orders muBt be
obeyed on pain of punishment meted
out by courtmartinl. The experience
of the railway workers in Frnnce should
be an object lessqn in that regard. The
appeal to sentiment nnd the Bpecious
arguments advanced require careful
analysis and It'is imperative thnt thc
SIB WILFBID LADBIEB.
"Tbat tha farther conildtnUon ef
this bill be deferred nntu tb* principle
thereof has, br means of a referendum,
bam submitted to and approved by tbt
electorate of Oaaada."
THE FOREGOING amendment was
moved in the Commons at Ottawa
on Monday, by Sir Wilfrid Laurier, seconded by Hon. Frank Oliver, Edmonton, to the second reading of the Military Service Bill, aB moved by Sir Bobert Borden.
The impression had been created
subsequent to the Liberal caucus in the
morning that the opposition had not up
to that time definitely agreed upon an
amendment, but that one would bc
forthcoming at a later date.
The secret was well kept, and it waB
not until the trend of Sir Wilfrid Laurier 's remarks indicated tho probability
of an amendment being moved, that
one was really expected. The opposition leader spoke for an hour and n
half in criticism of the government's
conscription proposal. He dealt with
the question in all its aspects, maintaining that It waB unwise to introduce.
conscription without consulting the
people.
SIGNS AND OMENS THAT OMINOUSLY
FLASH ALONG THE SOCIAL HORIZON
Centuries of Human Slavery Culminate in World-wide Butchery — Rulers in Fine
Frenzy Would Stem the Tide by Reverting to the Unrestricted Tyranny of the
Past-—The Dread Spectre of a Worldng Class That WiU Not Submit to Being
Reshackled Will Not Down — Hints to Advocates of the "Press Gang"
A WORD TO THE WISE should' be sufficient. In many eases, however, it is not. In such, cases
the school of experience must supply the deficiency. That noisy galaxy of politicians, mayors,
officeholders, lawyers, doctors, preachers, boards of trade, chambers of commerce, old men, the
lame, the halt, the blind, hysterical women and editorial women of the wrong sex, the most of whom are
either exempt from military service because of their physical or mental frailties or expect to be able
to dodge it because of their "pull," tnat are so vociferously demanding that the last crowning infamy
of slavery shall again be fastened upon a people already too heavily yoked, might as well be given a
tip. They should not, in their hysterical frenzy, allow themselves to be deluded with the idea that the
organized workers of this province and Dominion consider them as anything other than a transparent
joke. In spite of all the bombast and noisy piffle of these valiant conseriptionists the workers are alive
to the fact that factories are not run; mines are not operated; ships are not built; railways and ships
are not operated; even street cars are not run, by bombast and piffle. Knowing these facts the organized workers are not being carried ofl their feet over this question of the resurrection of the "press
gang." If the unscrupulous politicians at Ottawa, under the encouragement afforded by the aforesaid
noisily boosting element, see fit to arbitrarily repudiate democracy and usurp the authority to force
Canadian people to accept the yoke of enforced military servitude that has already thrown the world
into the greatest blood debauchery of history, it will be the plain duty not only of organized labor, but
of all who believe in democracy and liberty, to express their disapproval of such attempt to reinstate
the tyranny and despotism of the past, by all means within their power.
-f until the men return to work.   It ie
MRS. BERTHA MERRILL-BURNS
Death of Noteworthy Woman Who Contributed Much te Lahor Movement.
With thc demise of Mrs. Bertha Merrill-Burns, wifo of Mr. Ernest Burns,
51 years of age, last Friday at Dewdney, one of the most outstanding woman writers and speakers in Canada
has passed away. Mrs. Burns came to
Vancouver in 1803, from Nelson, having moved there from Brantford, Ont.,
where she held a position on the Brantford Expositor a few years previously,
to accept a position on The Western
Clarion, then published by B. P. Pettipiece. She not only'distinguished herself as a writer, but was na active personality in the socialist movement.
Later, in 1903, she married Mr. Ernest
Burns, who wss also closely identified
with the socialist movoment of the
province and even yet takes a keen
interest in all that makes for progress,
though he is now farming in the Dewdney district. Mrs. Burns, just prior to
her death, expressed deep regret that
she could not live to see the many
changes which must take place as the
direct outcome of the present world
war. Dr. T. P. HaU conducted the
funeral services, at the request of the
deceased. Many were the old associates
who paid her tribute on Tuesday, prior
to cremation at Mo'untain View cemetery.
In addition to a charming personality
Mrs. Burns possessed an extremely facile pen, and her contributions to thc
labor press wore many and varied. Of
late years, her literary activities bave
been very much curtailed by ill health.
Mrs. Burns also took a very active part
ini the suffrage movement of this province in its inception ,uud, happily, lived
to see success crown the efforts of her*
self and her associates in this purticu-
lar. The Federationist hopes, in the
near future, to have an opportunity to
reprint some of Mrs. Burns' contributions to the labor press of Cnuuilii.
Socialist Party
of Canada
MEETINGS   EVERT   SUNDAY
NIGHT, 8 o'clock
REX THEATRE
Speaker next Bunday:
W. W. LEFEAUX
Subject;   "Soman Oivilliation"
Ever Hince the beginning of tbe war
the organized labor movement haB been
ignored like a white chip. And thia
despite the fact that it bas contributed
more than 35,000 to the fighting line.
About time for a change.
futjre welfare and cherished interests
of the members of organized lubor be
safeguarded by our refusing to be
moved by emotion, convinced by sophistry or impressed by unsupported statements; that clear-seeing, calm reasoning and sound judgment be brougbt to
bear in the solution of the problem with
which we are confronted. It is imperative also that organized labor should be
untouched by the wave of hysteria
which is passing over the country if tbe
power to reason is not to be destroyed.
Labor's Warrant,
If the government is sincere in its
determination to."consecrate the power
of the nation" to the cause of tbe Allies nnd democracy and not dictated to
nor influenced by "Downing Street,"
or tbe dominating privileged interests
in Canada nor simply actuated by miserable political party considerations, the
conscription of man power will follow
and' not precede that of wealth nnd the
nationalization of every industry necessary for tbe prosecution of the war.
Until the government gives proof tbat
conscription is, in the words of the
prime minister, "the only affective method to preserve tbe existence of tbe
State and of the Institutions and liberties wblch we enjoy," organized labor
has every warrant in seeking its defeat
by both their economic and political
power.
Some Impossibilities. <
Industries cannot be ran by patriotic
noise. Something besides lawyers, politicians, penny-a-liners and other
speechifying would-be celebrities, is required to load a ship or saw a log.
Mines cannot yet be operated by woman labor, though that may be brought
about an time, if all the schemes of
capitalist patriots are brougbt to their
full fruition. Shipbuilding would be
a slow process if left to the activity
of board of trade members, sky pilots,
sugar lords and city mayors. Even the
addition of real estate peddlers, commission men, bankers and other pawnbrokers, to the working force would not
appreciably expedite the procesB. Not
a wheel has turned in the street car
service in this city for the past week,
but the B. G. Electric Railway Company
is still intact. Not a single official or
stockholder has attempted to shirk a
duty. The owners still own, and no
one questions their right to do so. Still
the cars refuse to run, or at least, are
incapable of so doing. Mr. Kidd is
still the superintendent, but even he
cannot kid the men into working or the
cars into running themselves. The coal
mines of eastern British Columbia and
Alberta have not turned out a pound
of coal for many months, but Btill the
atmosphere of both provinces is kept
continually resonant with the concatenations of the patriotic noise-makera
and war-boosters. If the energy of all
these mouth laborers of capitalism
could be turned into productive channels making high expletives for real
Christian war use, the "H\ins" would
soon be blown off the map. But the
minea give -ap no coal, no matter how
great the noise.
A Conscription to Be Approved.
No workingman can reasonably be
opposed to conscription, if it be intelligently turned in the right direction.
Yr instance, what workingman could
have any valid ground for objecting to
the conscription of every lawyer, doctor, preacher, banker, broker, real estate peddlar, insurance agent, debt collector, all citv officials except the street
sweepers, and all that gang of loafers
that do nothing but eat, drink and
wear, out of the profits that are wrung
from the unpaid sweat of the slaves of
modern industry. This gang includes
the big owners and exploiters, the lesser
ones and a fine aggregation of spawn
and hangers-on nil the way down to
the common pimp. A large battalion,
nnd no doubt, a valiant one, can easily
be conscripted in this city from tbat
clnss of idlers and, otherwise worthless,
spawn of the west end, whoBe sole
mission in life appears to be that of
wearing pants turned up in English
fashion at the bottom, dinky coast of
corset cut, and toting countenances of
superlative vacuity appropriately
decorated with the cigarette rampant.
Along the lines suggested it is impossible to imagine any workingman entertaining serious objection to conscription no matter how drastic.
Becoming Critical.
That thc situation of tbe ruling class
all over the world is becoming exceedingly critical is plain. }t is up to the
workers of nil countries to see that it
becomes moro so. This glorious war of
which we hear so much that is not
true, is purely a ruling class war, and
if it hns already assumed such proportions that it has gone beyond the
power of rulers to stop it, that is no
fault of the workers, If, in the terrific
struggle between the modern capitalist
states of Europe and the semi-feudal
autocracies that still survive in its
midst, the entire capitalist regime Ib
washed out in the deluge tbat it haa
conjured forth to sweep its constitutional enemy into oblivion, the way
will be cleared for the working class
of the world to once and forever rid
itself of the chains of that slavery
that has been the cornerstone of all
ruling class civilization, the present
capitalist civilization, as well as its predecessors. If capitalism is washed out
in this ruling class bath of blood, it
will, indeed, be a boon to the working class, and the war will not have
been fought in vain. Who shall say
that the hour will not strike during
the great conflict that is now convulsing the earth, when tbe workerB of
all other countries will awaken nnd
seize the opportunity to break their
shackles, even as the workers of Russia have already done?
Lay on MacDuff.
I And now, you impudent politicians
I who would usurp the authority to turn
[the wheels of progreBB back and reinstate the ancient tyranny and despotism from which our forefathers.
I came to thiB continent to escape, go to
fit. But do not'forget that we are be-
1 ginning to realize that you can do
1 nothing without the willing co-opera-
i tion of the working class. You may
hatch up wars and,scheme and connive
to continue tbem once they are started,
but if the workers but refuse to carry
on your industries, your machinations
will go for na'jght. The street railway men of Vancouver have refused to
operate the cars, and the cars no long-
Board of Trade Meddlers
and Other Mediators all
Thrown in Ditch
The Gun Put Squarely Up to
the Company and Men Get
All They Went After
STRET CAR STRIKE
SETTLED IN
IT    ,
THE workers of B. C. and elsewhere, who are just now considering what steps to take in
order to retain the few rights that
are still left them against the infamous onslaught now threatened
upon them through conscription,
may well draw a valuable lesson
frofrt'the action of ,to street railway men in their strike against
the B. C. Electric Railway Co.
during the last week. The decision to strike was reached at a
meeting of the men on Tuesday
evening, June 12. From that
time up to 2 p.m., June 21, not a
wheel was turned upon the lines
of the company. The men did not
hang around the company's property or in any manner threaten
to become a nuisance either to the
company or anybody else. They
merely went about their own affairs in a manner that was truly
commendable. They were quite
willing to let time and the general conditions of the labor market settle the matter at issue.
Busybodies As Usual.
Of course the bonrd of trnde, manufacturers' association, the mayor, provincial authorities, and all sorts of inter-meddlers, came to the front perfect*
ly willing to sacrifice their time and
talents to arrange matters at least to
their own satisfaction. But it was no
go. The whole meddlesome bunch was
ditched by both the men and the com
pany. When it became suspected thnt
strikebreakers were to be introduced into the controversy, action was taken
/to call the attention of the company
officials that such action would tend to
cause tho strikers to become peeved to
a degree approaching downright dissatisfaction with and disapproval of
saeh conduct.
"Teddy" Morrison Hakes a Call.
The Electrical Workers' union hns
jurisdiction over the employees of the
light and power department of tbe company's service. These workmen were
not involved in thc strike, there being
Continued on page 8
labor alone that brings forth coal and
performs other useful service, not the
windy bombast of petty tyrants and
their blatant spokesmen. If the situation is not yet sufficiently critical to
suit you, juat keep on turning the
screws and you will have it in time
fixed to your liking. Of one thing
yon may rest assured: The organized
labor forces of this province are not
going to lay down and tamely submit
to such infamouB schemes as your narrow brains may be able to hatch on
behalf of reaction and autocracy. Don't
forget that. We are not so dense as to
believe that conscript slaves were ever
yet.uted by their masters to fight for
any other freedom than that of the
masters themselves. And we know full
well what sort of freedom that is. The
merciless exploitation of our class spells
it so plainly that we cannot fail to
fully understand it. We know that
the "democracy and Mborty" you
prnt,e about is the same kind of democracy and liberty thot our tribe has had
inflicted upon it by your type all down
through history. It is tho democracy
and liberty of slaves shackled to the
chariot wheels of brutal masters. The
only difference between you capitalist
masters of today and your illustrious
and worthy forebears, the feudal and
chattel slave tyrants of old, is thnt you
are liars and they were not. Being
autocrats, they did not have to be liars.
They held their slaves by strength of
their good right arm. Tou are compelled to fall back upon yonr good lying
tongues to work yoar gamal And
right nobly you* do it. If you think
you can still win out by. that method
nnd by adding' to your nrhinment thot
of the usurpation of nn nuthority thnt
you do not legally possess, go to it,
"nnd damned be he who first cries
hold, enough."
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION TO
MEET ON SUNDAY NEXT
MB. 1. D. McNIVEH
Weitern Canada representative of the Department of Labor at Ottawa, with head*
?Barters in Vancouver, whoMe num.- ie
reely mentioned in Labor cirolea aa a
likely choice for the poiltlon of Deputy
Mlnliter of Labor In Brltlih Columbia: An
old-time member /of the Typographical
Cnlon, with many of tha qualltcatlona for
tha naponilbllltlei -••■■■
department.
er run. The conl miners of Alberta
and Eastern B. 0. have for some time
refused to operate the coal mines until
they were at least treated like human
beings. No coal has come forth from
the  mines  since  and   none   will  come
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
Sunday, June 24—Typographical
union.
Monday, June 25 — Electricul
Workera; Boilermakers; Patternmakers; Amalgamated Engineers; XL B. Carpenters, No.
(il7; Streotrailtvaynieh'a Exec.
Tuesday, J'une 20— Barbers, Machinists, No. 777, . Bro. Loe.
Engineers.
Wednesday, June 27 — P/fss
Feeders Com.; Streetrailwaymen, Metal  Trades Couneil.
Thursday, June 2$ — Steam Engineers, Painters, Machinists,
No. 182, Shipwrights and Caul-
kers.
Friday, June    29—Pile    Drivers
and    Wooden    Bridgebuildi'rs,
Shipyard laborers.
Saturday, June 30—
"Chapel"  News in  Local  Prlntorial
Circles of Interest to tbe
Membership,
The names of two members of Vancouver Typographical union appeared
in the Hst of casualties during the past
week. Sergt. W. Cruikshenk, formerly
of the Terminal City Press, and Pte.
F. Mattix, who previous to enlistment,
waB a two-thirder at the Western
Specialty, both being reported wounded in the recent fighting. Sergt. Cruik-
shank has been awarded the D.C.M.
for conspicuous bravery.
Pte. W. G. ("Bill") Laing, who left
for overseas with the 158th battalion,
and was later invalided home, is now
in convalescent hospital at Balfour,
B. O.
President W. S. Armstrong has been
confined to his home this week as a result of having suffered a severe
hemorrhage through the* bursting of
bloodvessel in his head. Things are
not quite the same around Labor
Temple without the genial Typo, president, and his many friends join in hoping he may soon reguin his usual good
health.
Though sadly handicapped on account
of the loss of his sight, Mr. S. Wil-
loughby is endeavoring to earn a liveli
hood by selling tea. Mr. Willoughby
still retains his membership in the
union, and this is a case where mem
bers can assist a fellow-member who is
prjekily supporting himself under such
adverse circumstances* Secretary Nee-
lnnds will gladly put. any prospective
customers in touch with Mr. Willoughby.
Mr. O. Shoemaker, who, since leaving
Vnncouver about three years ago, hns
been working in and around Min
nenpolis. has returned to the jurisdic
tion of No. 220.
Roy F. ("Slats") Fleming, who en
listed with the Canadian Mounted
Rifles, is now In Venice Street Auxil
inry Hospital, Liverpool, suffering from
gunshot wounds in the left leg. flc received his wound in the Vimy Ridge
.scrap.
The regular monthly nieeting will be
held on Sunday next, June 24, at 2 p.m.
Several important  matters nre on the
agendn, and a good turnout of members I
is desired.
Reports Show Mtny Unions
Have Voted For Anti-
Conscription Strike
DOWNW'VOIE
LEFT TD UNIONS
TO
of  tbe   newly-created
Calls Upon Government to
Nationalize Country's
Resources
Demands Provincial Aid to
Working Girls in Shops
And Factories
At thc meeting of the Women's Forum, held Tuesday at Central Park, a
very comprehensive resolution waa
passed asking that the government of
Canada be called-upon M-nationalize
all the Canadian resources to prosecute
the war to n successful finish.
Mrs. J. H. MacGill, of Vancouver,
addressed the women at some length
on "Responsible Oovernment," und
charged that everyone who remained indifferent was a party to corrupt politics.
The following resolution was discussed for nearly an hour:
"Whereas, large numbers of our
women and girls are now working
in stores nnd manufacturing plants
at a wago far beneath a standard
living wage, this forum petitions
the provincial government to bring
down a measure at the adjourned
August sitting of the legislature,
whereby a minimum wage lew will
bo put in force giving women not
less than $9 per week and an eight-
hour day."
This resolution was passed unanimously, with copies to be forwarded to
Hon. H. C. Brewster, premier; the Hon.
.T. W. deB. Fnrris, 'minister of labor,
nnd thc Hon. J. W. Weart, member for
the South Vancouver riding. The chairman of laws spoko at some length on
the question and asked that her hands
be strengthened in getting this before
tho government by the passing of the
resolution.
ARE BEAST TO CLOSE MINES
IN EVENT OF CONSCRIPTION
Nanaimo Coal Miners Will Stand for
Self Government In
Canada.
NANAIMO, June 10.—At n muss
meeting here Tuesdny tit which there
were fully 0(10 present, about a hundred formed an anti-conscription
league. Speakers were very outspoken
IBgainsi the conscription proposals from
Ottawa. Thc meeting was unanimous
[ngninst conscription and it whs the
; consensus (tf opinion that should the
|Conscription Bill pass, workingmen of
| the district would lay down their tools.
;Aml, ns the doily press says, "This
I would meun labor troubles of a con-
isideruMe magnitude, the effects
iwhich would be widelv felt."
MACHINISTS OF COAST CITIES
HOLD   A   JOINT   MEETING
Trade   Affairs   Thoroughly   Discussed
and Future PoUcy Is
Outlined.
Hcprcseutatives from Victoria, New
Westminster and Vancouver met in the
Labor Temple on Saturday afternoon
and discussed many Important mutters
pertaining tu thc trade. The question
(if adulating with District No. 2(1, Seattle, wus considered and discussed at
length, and it wns tbe opinion of the
representatives, that it would be little
(tr no benellt to bc affiliated with the
Seattle district, on account of thc distance nnd thc peculiarity of our Inws.
The advisability of having a business agent, to look after the interests
of tho above-mentioned lodges, was
considered, und it wus decided to nsk
the loeuls to take this matter up as
soon as possible with u view to taking
thc necessary steps to have a mnn up
pointed.
It is further recommended that three
representatives bc nppointed front each
local to act as a joint executive board
to handle matters of a general nature.
The following representatives attended: Jt. Dent, Victoria; P. Wilkie, J.
M, Hellic.wn, II. Oakley, New Westminster; W. Warcham, F. Edney, B.
Randal, G. Walker, W. H. Duckworth,
Local No. 777; .1. Brooks, J. H. McVety, Local No. 182, Vancouver, and
Organizer McCnllum.
The next meeting "will be held nt the
call of thc orgnnizer.
Organizer MeCullum will attend thc
mooting of District No. 2(1 in Seattle
Saturday in the interests of the
Cnnndinn locnls.
JUST LIKE THAT!
Looks  Perfectly   Simple—On  Paper-
To Frenzied Pay-triots.
Strenuous Meeting of Cen-.
tral Labor Body Latt
Evening
LAST NIGHT'S meeting of
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council was very interesting
from start to finish. Considerable
interest centred upon the question
of endorsing the B. 0. F. of L. eir-
eular asking for authority to call
a general strike in case the Conscription Act was passed at Ottawa. The question was finally referred to the various unions for
decision, inasmuch as they must
do the- striking if it becomes
necessary. Various other subjects
reeeived attention, resulting in *
rather prolonged meeting. Fifty-
four delegates were present and
of these a good many took part in '
the discussion of all questions.
Beports ef Unions.
Del. Kavanagh, Longshoremen, reported that tt per eent. of their membership had voted in favor of "down
tools" in east the conscription aet ma
enacted into law.
Del. Hoover, Street-railway Employees, briefly reported the result of their
strike settlement during the afternoon.
Every member in Vancouver, Neif j
Westminster .and Vietoria had responded to the strike Call and the tie-up was
complete. He thanked the daily preu
representatives for the fair reports published during the striko and he appreciated the support rendered by tho Electrical Workers and many others, all
of which had made their success possible. The B. C. E. R. eompany had conceded their demands in entirety. It
was the first real increase in wages received since 1910.
The Streetrailwaymen had also decided for "down tools" when asked
to by the B. C. Federation of Labor,
in eaat an attempt is made to enforce
conscription.
Del. Midgley, Civic Employees, made
report covering tne city couneil repudiation of the arbitration board findings.
The union had voted for "down
tools" in response to the B. C. Federation of Labor circular re conscription.
Del. Messacar, Structural Iron Workers, reported that no settlement had yet
been secured on the now C. N. R. depot job. The union men are asking for
56% cents per hour.
President MoVety reported that the
Pacific Coast Wireless Operators had secured a substantial increase ia wages
through a conciliation board, and were
now becoming members of tbe Commercial Telegraphers' union.
Del. Edmonds reported plenty of oaf-
penters in town for work available and
protested against advertisements appearing in Toronto papers for carpenters. The council will wire this information to tbe Industrial Banner.
Sugar Refinery Strike Fund.
Financial Secretary Knowles reported the addition of $05 to the striko
fund of thc B. C. Sugar Refinery workers.
Another Anti-Conscription Meeting.
Del. Kavanagh reported that another
mass meeting would be held in the Empress theatre next Wednesday evening.
The committee io charge will take precautionary measures for the protection
of their street advertising. f
The "Snn" Investigation.
Del. Miss Gutteridge reported for the*
committee appointed by the council to*
investigate the alleged refusal of the
Aiorning Sun to accept "Strike On"
advertising. It was contended by tht
Sun management that thero had been
a misunderstanding through the
"copy" being tendered to other than
the proper members of tho staff.
The chief of polico had stated to the
president that he could find no trace
of any such secret anti-conscription
meeting in the Lnbor Temple as the
Sun hud alleged to have taken place
some days ago. The committee wos relieved and the secretary instructed to
write the Sun, demanding a retraction.
The "ban" resolution was therefore
laid over till next meeting.
Council and "Down Tools."
The B. 0. of 1.. circular asking for
authority tu call a general strike in B.
C.   in  ense  the  Conscription   Act  waa
Continued on page 8
"OOMPANV" TOWNS TO
BE MADE ACCESSIBLE
Government WIU Demand Quarter Interest in Such Holdings Says Patullo.
Hon. T. D. Patullo, minister
lands, addressed a public meeting
Friday »t Prince Rupert, which was
quite well at tended. .Mr. Patullo, who
reviewed tlio work of the Brewster government, unnounced that it was the decision of the government to require all
closed towns in the north to grunt u
one-quarter interest in the townsite to
thc crown. Notico to comply with tho
necessnry formalities hnd been served.
of
". . . . There is no doubt thnt the
Military Service Act will become luw
within a few weeks. Thc division on
the second rending will tnke pluce next
week. After that the details must be
of [considered in committee nnd then the
bill will go to the Semite. There thc
| expectation Ih that the bill will be
| It doesn't take much of n gtiesger to ipassed without difficulty."—Excerpt
mime the interests which dotninnte the I from yesterday's Associated Press do*
every action of the Borden government. Ispntches from Ottawn.
PRINOE   RUPERT   TRADE
UNIONISTS IN EVIDENOE
Will Join Wltb All British Columbia
Workmen ln tlie "Down
Tools" Policy.
PRINCE   RUPERT,   Juno 20.—The
Trades and Lubor Council - passed   a
resolution, last night, that aid to the
Allien con best    lie    attained bv the*
conscription of wealth    and   industry
preceding that of manhood.    The se*
lective draft principle is opposed. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
...June 22,  181
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For the different members
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Heat up-to-date photo- play
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Vancouver's ntwtat aad most
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THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0,
Federatlonist, Limited
jT^ParmTVetUiiiece Manager
Office: Room 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription: 11.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subicribing
in a body, ¥1-00.
"*"" REHESENTATIVEi     ~~~
New Weatminster W. Yatee, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria..: A. S. Wells, Box 1538
"Unity of Labor:  the Hope of the World'
FRIDAY June 22,  lt)17
"W
HEN THE BLIND lead the
blind, they both fall into thc
ditch." Thua goes the old
adage, und it is a good oae. And what
else could be expected? Could (me be
reasonably expected to successfully
navigate the Hens if
"WHEN THE absolutely devoid of
BLIND LEAD all knowledge of
THE BLIND" navigation and without either chart or
compass! It is indeed a matter of
small wonder tbat tbe labor movement
of the world makes no more rapid progress than it does, once wc tnke into
consideration the outstanding fnct that
it. has no definite policy, no objective,
no goal and even its jenders und spokesmen no conception or understanding
*beyond that which is implied and involved in the petty and inconsequential
daily pettifogging squawk about wages
and work. A horse might be unable to
visualize any other 'condition of existence except thut of being under harness and compelled to pull the plow.
We say he might be, but we are by no
means sure that our equine friend' is
so utterly devoid of intelligence ns that
would imply. It might even be possible that the intelligence of u mule
would be incapable of rising nbove the
level of a chronically whining contemplation of the meagre proportions of the
oat and hay ration doled out to him
by his master, but it is but fair to
give him the benefit of the doubt by
asserting that it is highly improbable.
After a long and more or less careful
study of the characteristics and manifest propensities of both the horse and
mule, we are forced to thc conclusion
that they, are of too high a standard of
intelligence to pin their faith to thc
gospel of work or to allow their spiritual aspirntions to be "cribbed, cabined and confined" within the narrow
limits of a horizon bounded by hay,
oats, a stable and a Job.
* * T-
The status of the workers in present
or capitalist society is that of slaves.
They ure compelled to work for others
and huve nothing to say as to how hard
they shall work or how much or how little they shall receive. It is true that,
theoretically nt least, they have the
right to quit their employment if they
so choose, but the fact remuins that
they are very soon compelled to return to it or suffer actual starvation.
There is every indication at present to
lead to the conclusion that even this
proud privilege is to be taken from
them, and when that has been done it
will require a very keen discrimination
to discover any difference between
their condition of servitude and that of
the chattel slave of other days. If this
move to fasten conscription upon the
| people of all countries does not mean
the wiping out of the last remaining
privileges accorded to the slaves of this
age, will some capitalist apostle of
"democracy and liberty" please explain what it does mean? And the
chief beauty of it Is that the labor
movement of more thnn half the world,
as expressed through the medium of the
so-called leaders thereof, is right in
line with it and helping to push it
through. It is either a case of the
blind leading the blind or these alleged lubor leaders are laying themselves liable to far more serious accusations.   But in either case the wage
slaves of capitalism are headed fur the
ditch.
* * *
And what else can be expected of a
movement that is based solely upon a
question or mutter of merchandising?
The wage slave is merely n seller of
labor power. To him a job means a
customer for his wares. A steady job
means a steady customer, nnd no job
no sale. Unless he can sell lie cun not
eat, for he hns no othor menus of obtaining food, etc. As "an unorganised
worker he acts merely as a retailer of
labor power. Organised with his fellows ho becomes a member of a jobbing concern thnt dous a wholesale
business. This is termed "collective
bargaining"~and while it accomplishes
nothing in the way of any permanent
relief from the general conditions of
shivery that engulf the workers, it docs
save them much individual bother and
enables them to ward off many petty
unnoyunees aud discomforts that might
otherwise be inflicted upon them. But
liko other attempts to beat tho capi
tulist slave game by playing within
the rules luid down by the game itself, it brings no relief to those who
play it from the wrong side of the
table. The conditions surrounding the
wago slaves of capitalism grow pro
gressively worse as the capitalist sys
tem becomes more highly developed
And this must always hold true in uny
social order thnt is based upon slavery.
It was true of the chattel slave empires of ancient times; it wns true of
feudal serfdom and it is equally true
of this capitalist age. In that fact
alone lies the only hope thut human
society will ever rid itself of the curse
of slavery. If the material condition
of slnves could be rendered permanently toleruble, it is u foregone conclusion
thnt they would hug their chains forever. A fat slave in revolt is nn unimaginable proposition. A nice, sleek,
fnt and well-groomed horse manifests
no rebellious antipathy.to n harness,
We sometimes wonder if the attitude
of great "labor lenders" cannot be
accounted for in the same way. A labor
movement, however, that hus no vision
beyond thnt of renting jobs nnd hag-
gling over the terms of tenancy, is not
equipped for travel along the pathway
leading to the freedom of lnbor from
the ngony nnd travail of the ages of
slnvery. It is n case of "the(blind
leading the blind" around that vicious
circle that leads to nowhere, but sinks
the workersy/ever deeper into the eco
nomic misery against which they so
noisily but blindly protest.
The "wealthy must bear the burdens,
of the war" declares onc of our most
ulued exchanges. This would indeed
be very sad were it not for the comforting fact that inasmuch as the working class bears the "wealthy" upon its
back, the "wealthy" can not get very
much the worst of thc deal. This talk
about wealth and the "wealthy" bearing burdens may be classed us quaint
humor of the most unconscious kind.
That is the author of it is quite unconscious of what a delightfully humorous ass he iB.' Thnt is what gives his
liumor such a delightful tang.
The new Russian government has de-
ided to Bend all monks to the front to
serve in the sanitary corps, Luy brothers will be drafted into the fighting
line. We beg .to call the attention of
the Borden government to this eminently wise manner of utilizing the talents
of belligerently inclined moral shepherds and spiritual guardians in "national service." Several lusty battalions of garbage removal and. fumigating engineers-might be created in Canndn by drafting our vociferously bellig-
erent pnrsona and bellicose spiritual
guardians. We each nnd ull owe the
duty of "national service." The Federationist cheerfully contributes this
tip.
The proposed Conscription Act is but
an attempt of the employing interests
of Downing street to harness the workers to their jobs.
It must not be merely "conscription
of wenlth." Bjt rnther, "the con
scription of-wealth must precedo thnt
of man-power. Therein lies the difference.
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital paid-up $ 12,911,000
Reservo Funds     14,324,000
Total Assets   287,000,000
HEAD OFFICE,  MONTREAL
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
ara weit of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, erery payday,  Interest credited half-yearly.   No delay in withdrawal.
The federal government hasn't even
backbone enough to nationalize the coal
mines of the Crows Nest Puss, let
alone "conscript" the wenlth of the
nation.
Never  mind  whining    about    whnt
business" men are doing in the nnine
of patriotism.    Wnge-workers must organize and protect themselves.   There
is no other way.
After witnessing tho nntics of some
of tbe soldiers1 wives during recent
weeks in Vancouver, it is easier to understand why some of the married men
chose the firing line.
It is reported thut eleven thousand
unregistered men in Minneapolis and
St. Paul will begin a fight against
Prussianization by surrendering to federal officials in u body. If similar action waB token in all big centres of
population, the schemes of Wilson and
his martial junkers would soon go n
glimmering.
"I am proposing government by the
consent of the governed," said President Wilson in his famous address to
the U. 8. Semite on January 22, 1917.
It would be indeed interesting to know
just how his subsequent action in usurping the power to force military con*
Bcriptlon upon the "governed" without
even as much as "by your leave," can
be reconciled with the above quoted utterance.
It is a pleasure to record that the International Mercantile Murine Co. hns
notified its shareholders that the big
shipping combine made a clear profit last
yenr of $2(1,299,595. This is equivalent
to $51,28 per share. For the preceding
year the profit was but #2(1,27 per share.
This shows how wur pays and nlso ne-
counts for the pntriotic steal of nice fnt
stockholders und other eminent capital
Ist personages.
The sn'me government thnt has the
gall to nsk for the conscription of man
power without first preceding it by the
conscription, of wealth is sitting idly by
while the big coal operntors (railways)
Insist upou starving miners to death
for refusing to work for nothing and
board themselves. Some governmont!
If ever the electorate gets another opportunity of saying so, there will be a
sudden chnnge—at least in the personnel of tho employers' executive committee at Ottawa,-
-BAVE TO0B MONET-
0. S. HARBISON, Manager,
OranviUe and Pender
START A BANE ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yoar spare
cash in any old corner where it ia
in danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
Unking service, whether your ac*
count is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
0. N. STAGEY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
President Wilson asserts that he hns
plunged his country into war so as to
"mnke the world sate for democracy."
And his valiant boosters nnd disciples
cry, "hear, hear." The "Prussian
Kaiser's" boosters nnd disciples, actuated by envy no doabt, declare "this
apostle of democracy is the moBt powerful nutocrat in the world, far more
so thnn the German kaiser." They further dub him "the mouthpiece of the
enemy nlliance against democracy." It
does beat all how readily these democrats recognize each other, nnd how
openly they proclaim the purity of their
motives und their mutual solicitude for
their common democratic faith. It
really does. There is no.getting around
the fact.
Sonie one asserts, that "wnr enn't
be wnged with Chained workers.''
There never was a frar yet fought with
any other kind. In fact thnt is the
only kind that is fit for the job, or
that could be induced or compelled to
tnke it on. All wars have been fought
by slaves. The sole cause of all wars
is to be found in the fact of slavery itself. The trouble with altogether too
many of those who speak so glibly and
with such dogmatic certitude on behalf of labor, is that they have not the
slightest conception of the status of the
workers under present civilisation. If
they understood the menning of slnvery
nnd realized that the wenlth producers
of tho entire capitalist world nre as
completely enslaved now ns were the
human chattels of the ancient empires,
or the Negroes of the Southern stntes
prior to the wnr of the rebellion, they
would know fnr mope how wealth is
made and what wars are fought with
and for, than is the case at present.
Samuel Landers, editor The Lnbor
News, Hamilton, Ont.: The Federation*
ist hereby acknowledges the undoubted
merit of your lending editorial in Thc
Labor News of June 1, under caption,
"The Working Clnss as Property."
The exceedingly able manner in which
you handled the subject meets with our
hearty approval, and we hope thnt its
perusal will bring a flood of light to
the minds of your renders. In fnct we
nre quite sure thnt such happy results
will follow. May your editorial arm
be, by divine providence, so strengthened that yon may bring forth mnny more
columns of such undoubted merit. But
for the unfortunate fact thnt the mntter in question appeared in The Foderntionist, under date of May 18, we humbly npologise. Through awkward nnd
unfortunate oversight upon our part
we failed to realize thnt yoa were going to produce the identical matter,
line for lino and word for word, on
June 1, two weeks later. But for this
stupid blunder you may rest assured
The Labor News would have received
proper credit for what it was bo soon
to do*. We hope that this apology will
be accepted in lieu o'f all possible indemnities, and we hasten to give assurance that we shall be most careful
in avoiding similar mistakes in the
future.—(Editor Federationist.)
White House, May 15, 1917.
As the above is from the lips of the
man who is more responsible than all,
others for the abrogation of American
democracy by the enactment of the
"selective draft law," the introduction
of the tip end of the wedge of Prussian
militarism into the political and economic fabric of his country, the reader is
at perfect liberty to draw his own comparisons and arrive at his own, conclusions, Just' how "the sacrifices we make
ihall be made voluntarily and not under
c&mpulsion" by means of the "selective draft" thnt has been arbitrarily
imposed upon us from nbove, without
even as much as "by your leave,"
will require something more than professorial sophistry to satisfactorily explain. Especially so in view of the
fnct that "selective draft" is only the
"high brow" term for the "press
gnng" of comparatively recent British
history,
SHEET METAL WOBKEBS'
SEEPINO PACE WITH TIMES
WlU Lose No Opportunities   for  Improving Conditions of Their
Membership.
, At last regular meeting of Local 280,
Sheet Metal Workers, tho attendance
iwas not up to the usual murk owing to
the inconvenience of transportation
from the city suburbs.
Thc most important business that
came before the meeting was a report
that the sheet metal work on the Tele-
prone Co. building wub let to an outside firhi, namely, the Pacific Sheet
Meta) Works, of Victoria. Our members thought thut the least the company could do would be to have the
work done by local contractors. Considerable of the work will have to be
brought in from the enst, owing to this
firm not having the plant to manufacture same. A committee was appointed
to take the matter up with the superintendent.
The specinl assessment of the Metal
Trades Council was ordered paid.
The next regular meeting will be
held on Thursday, June 28, when nominations will be opened for officers for
next term.
Orgnnizer Sullivan, Portlnnd, who is
in town, in convernstion with The Fed.
yesterday afternoon, said:
"I nm here to assist Local No. 280
to build up and strengthen their organization, and while in the city will
be nccompnnied in visits to the several
sheet metal concerns by Bro. Arthur
Crawford. From observations since my
arrival, it appears that the old spirit
of organization so prevalent in Vancouver several years ago, is asserting
itself, and this city will again take
its place as one of the best trade
union cities on the const. All of our
organizations in the northwest received
an increnso in wages this spring, ranging from fifty cents to one dollar per
day, in keeping with a policy determined upon at a convention of the
Northwest District Council of Sheet
Metal Workers held in Victoria last
December. Approximately one-half of
our affiliated unions throughout our
jurisdiction received wage increases
this yenr, ninety-five per cent, of which
were agreed upon in conference. In
the few cities in which it was necessary to withdraw our men in order that
their demands be recognized, nil were
settled after a strike nf short duration. Employment is quite plentiful
for our members everywhere, particularly in the northwest, where n scarcity
of mon is noticeable in some cities."
It is rather sickening to listen to this
drivel about the splendid "recognition
given to lnbor in England, Frnnce and
Russia," nd nanseum. An exchange
gleefully remarks that such recognition
•'haa reacted here (United StateB),
and today Mr. Gompers' very enthusiastic acquiescence in the war, offensive
as it was to thousands of his own followers, has given organized lnbor a
distinct advantage/' The only recognition that we know of that has been
'given to labor" in fne countries mentioned has been given for the purpose
of tricking labor out of the few petty
privileges that it hnd formerly gained
through incessant struggle. Of course
n few good billets were distributed
among the faithful nnd usable leaders,
but that is to be expected, for it: would
be unreasonable to suppose that the
rank nnd file could be crucified without
cost. The advantages gained in the
IT. 8. are of the same kind. Everything thut has been gained will be luid
down nnd a few "grant labor lenders"
will bc privileged to ensconce their
shins 'nenth the council table along
with the politically elect custodian.**, of
usurped capitalist autocracy, while the
rank and (lie will be crucified tn unproved and acceptable fashion. The
Russian workers wore "given" no recognition. They took theirs. Thnt is
why it is of an entirely different brand
to that of the charity bestowals thnt
hnve so gladdened the hearts of grent
labor lenders in other lands. It is of
the brund thnt does not hitch its chariot to the star of a conscript militnry
despotism.
EVIDENTLY LABOR
If
Will Go Fishing or Digging
Clams in the Event of
Emergency
SUGAR REFINERY STRIKE
IS STILL IN FULL SWING
It seems thnt 2,750.000 out of the total registration for military purposes
in the U. 8. indicated no reasons why
they should be exempted from service.
Even this paltry number hns cuused the
Washington military beast to slaver nt
the jnws in zestful anticipation of the
bloody feast that is to cobie as'soon ns
the necessary preliminaries can' bc arranged. To say the least, Prussian
"kultur" if off to nn oxcellent stnrt
and gore and glory will gladden the
lu n"t of the military champions of
"iletuncrney" in due course. Mars is
in the tiscendtint, glory be,
One death every three hours is the
toll nf the industries of I'ennsylvunin,
according to Commissioner of Lnbor
and Industry. Jackson, of thnt state;
And Pennsylvania Is not located in the
European war zone cither, The Stnte
hns not yet been thoroughly I'rus-ian-
ized. '"it still thf showing Mnde must
be acknowledged w* u very credita'i.'
one. Tbe casualty list may perhu.*- be
somowhut in»*vn;it"l Inter on, when
Mars get' busy mnking tho "world safe
for democracy."
| "I have been very much alarmed at
| one or two things that have happened
jut the apparent inclination of the leg-
i Matures of one or two of our Stntes
to set aside even temporarily the Inws
which have safeguarded stnndnrds of
labor and of life, I think nothing would
[be more deplorable thnn thnt. We nre
! trying to tight in a cause whieh means
i the lifting uf the stnndnrds of life, nnd
we can fight in that cause best by voluntary co-opo rail oft. I do not doubt
thnt uny body of men representing
j labor in this country spenking for their
fellows will be willing to make nny
sacrifice that is necessary in order to
carry this contest to a successful issue,
land in that confidence I feel thnt it
would be Inexcusable if wo deprived
'men nnd women of such a spirit of uny
of the existing safeguards of law.
[Therefore 1 shall exercise my influence
so fur ns it goes to see that that does
not happen, nnd that the sacrifices we
mnke shall be mado' voluntarily and not
under the compulsion which mistakenly
is interpreted to menn n lowering nf
|the stnii'lnnls which we hnve sought
[through, sn many generations to bring
to their present level."—Address to
[ 150  representatives    of  Labor  nt  the
Strikers  Will  Hold   Mass-meeting  in
I. L. A. Hall on Sunday
Next at 2 p.m.
The premises of the B. C. Sugar Refinery, where the employees, unorganized, recently went on strike against
the intolerable conditions imposed by
thut prince of pay-triots, B. T. Rogers,
are alive with Thiel detectives, who
are vainly trying to induce men and
.women to break the strike. Vehicles of
anv sort catering the premises nre
manned with Thiels, who nre the last
word in pulling off any sort of. slimy
tuctics to intimidate pickets into violence.
While officials of the Returned Soldiers' Association deeply regret the incident, it seems to be true that three
returned soldiers are at present employed in the plant aB strike-breakers.
The Terminal City Taxi Co. is supplying all the transportation for the
scabs, ut least one Thiel and city policeman, No. 172, who evidently is alone
in accepting such questionable favors.
A driver for the taxi compuny, named
Cretchley, ia assisting the Thiels by
laying informations ngainst pickets nnd
making himself generally useful to the
Sugar Baron.
The pickets are satisfied with results
nnd feel confident that they will win
'ont "if it takes all summer."
| A mass-meeting of the strikers will
I be held ia the Longshoremen's hall.
j Pender street, on Sunday next, ut 2:.'I0
p.m. Every employee is urged to be
I present.
! The strike committee desires to thank
I the unions of the province for the
splendid support given them, financially
land otherwise. Of the $926.90 received
1*91(1.75 has beea judiciously expended
and if the unions will continue to help
there is every chance of success.
METAL TRADES
All Affiliated Crafts Report Splendid
Progress.
The regular weekly meeting ,of the
Metal Trades Council wus held Wednesday, when reports were receivod on
the vuriouB grievances reported at last
week's meeting.
The situation at Coughlan's is improving although tbere Ts still indications of discrimination. Howover, there
is n good live committee on the job,
which sees that everything is nttended
to.
Organizers Uhl, of the Pninters, nnd
Sullivan, of the Sheot Metal Workers,
were present and addressed the meeting.
Two eases of poisoning, from using
the red lend sprayer, were reported,
nnd the officers were instructed to get
the necessary evidence nnd lny the matter before the Workmen's Compensation Board.
MACHINISTS' LOCAL
Membership Keeping  Pace   With Increase in Local Payroll.
A special meeting of machinists was
held on Saturday afternoon, for the
purposo of initiating a number of men
working nights. Unfortunately, owing
to the streot ear strike, a number of
men living at a distance were unable
to attend. Nevertheless, thirteen members wero initiated, and arrangements
made to hold another meeling soblfl
afternoon noxt woek for the .benefit of
the night men. Applications are coming In daily, and conditions uro being
improved rapidly.
Ringing Words of Federation of Labor on Matter
of Conscription
THE MEMBERS of organized lnbor
throughout British Columbia have
pretty well made up their minds what
to do in the event of the federnl government uttempting to ride rough shod
over the principle of self-government
Returns to dute at Victoria, by Secretary-treasurer A. S. Wells, of the Bi
0, Federation of Labor, are very satisfactory, nnd if occasion demands it
there will be many workmen in the
province who will hnye plenty of time
to take a holiday and go fishing or
digging clnms by the seashore. The
time for words aud resolutions hns passed. Action is the only remedy now.
And if it is the action, the government
is lookiug for it will surely got its
.share so far as tho workmen of British
.Columbia are concerned.
The circular sent out by Sec.-Trens,
Wells, last month, to the membership,
reads:
British Columbia Federation of Lahjor.
Victoria, B. C, June 8, 1917.
To the Premier nnd members of the
government    of   tbe Dominion   of
Canada; the leuder of the opposition and members of the House or
Commons:
Sirs: The   above federation   at   the
last convention, held in Revelstoke, B.
C, in January  of this year, went on
record as being opposed to "Registration or Conscription," either industrial
or military, the reasons for thia opposition nre:
1, Thnt militury or industriul conscription is the imposition of a form
of servitude which is obnoxious to a
so-called free people.
2. That militarism is the curse of
present civilization, and as a result of
trade jealousies between nations.
li. That military autocracy in Germany or nny other country cannot be
defented by the establishment of the
same form of autocracy in countries
which hnve boen free from them.
4. That the only people that cnn de
feat so-culled l'russiunism is the people
of Germany, and the adoption of u like
system in this country only extends
tho evils of u Prussian militury system
to a people who have been free from
such servitude, and who resent the attempt, "under nny pretext" to foiBt
upon them conscriptive measures, military or industrial, which would inevitably bring about a similnr situation
in this country, to that which obtains
in countries cursed by compulsory mili
tary service.
5. Measures of this nature imposed
upon a people under the guise of temporary necessity, hnve invariably become permanent institutions.
We nsk thut due consideration bc
given to our opposition, and would
conclude by stating that it is the intention to use all the forces nt our
command to resist Conscription in any
form.
On behalf of the executive,
J. NAYLOR,
President
A.   S.   WELLS,
Sec.-trensurer.
B. 0. E. R. Educating the Public
The management of tho B. C. E. R.
can at least boast of being able to educate the public as to all other means of
transportation save that of the Btreet
railway. Somo months ngo it hoisted
the faros to five cents nnd thus brought
the "jitney" into being. Later it permitted its system to be closed down,
so thnt an unprecedented sale of Fords,
bicycles, motor cycles, etc., hns been
the result. And these vehicles will be
in use long after the strike. When it
comes to making colossal blunders the
management of the B. C. E. B, is in a
class by itself.
FORBES & VAN HORNE, Ltd.
SPECIALISTS TOOLS
And FINE CUTLERY
Bey. 3120      638 Hastings St. W.
elboiko ramus at oost
fsioii
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The Jtnrii Electric Co., Ui.
670 Richards Street
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
Hem.tltcblns. button. eoT.rnd, aeal*
topping, button bole., pinking, apung
tnj and .hrlnklns. lettering, pieut edf*
ina. pleating, niching, embroidery,
hemming.
663 QrauMlle St. 131) DnugUa St.
VANCOUVEB, B.O. VICTORIA, B.O.
Pbone Say, 3191 nana lieo
DO IT NOW
Oat bney and hare yonr nld bloynle
made Ilka new. ' Wa will enamel and
make roar wheel look Ilka new from
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ROOTE Auto Top Co.
SEAT COVERS, AUTO UFHOL*
STEKIKO. TOPS RECOVERED
Pmltry Wanted
BEST PRICES
HARRY STEVENS
Phoui  Seymour  10B7
910 Granville St.
PRINTING
CO"'AN «t BROOKHOUSi
Labor Temple Pros.     Sey. 4-W*
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618 Richards Street
VANCOUVER
(Near Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
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W. R OWEN
Malleable Ranges, Shelf wl
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
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2337. MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, sliced, per lb 30c
Ayrshire Bacon 30c nnd 36c
18 lbs. B. C. Sugnr 11.65
Slater's Tea, lb 30c
Slater's Coffee, lb  26c
Apex .ram, 4-Ib, tins  46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk   10c
Jello, 3 for 26c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
FRESH MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to All Parts
131 Hastings St. East   Sey. 3262
830 OranviUe St.     Sey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln the home ef every
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man.
IB IT IN YOURS?
fair. 2624
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
tl Hastings street West
CENTER & HANNA.UA
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
1040 QEORQIA STBBBT
One Block weat of Court House.
Uae of Modem Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patroui.
Telephone Seymonr 2426
•""Has yonr anion subscribed in n
body for Tii Federationist I If not,
why not do so nt next meeting? Only
jm  a yenr each.    Pay monthly.
When You
Think of
Buying Boots
Your first thought should be—
"Ap« thoy made in British Columbin t"
Thnt *s *' Loyalty' '—the li rs\
step In the purchase of anything.
This lends you naturally nnd
loyally to—LEOKIE BOOTH.
—Made hero in your own province.
Leckie Boots
nre particularly suited for BRITISH COLUMBIA weather comli-
tions—-rain or.shine—nnd for the
smooth pavements of u eity or*the
rugged .inder-foot conditions df
tho grunt outdoors.
Next time nsk for
Leckie Boots
Vou'II Know them by tho trade
murk stumped On every pn|f. OITI0IAL   PAPEE   VAKCODVEB
TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 25
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY JUNE 22, 1917
(In Vancouver \
Oltr. Sa.oo   )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Tailoring
Perfection
Is Represented
by this Label
Although it is less than four weeks since this company
started to advertise in this Union paper, the number of working Union men who have shown their confidence in us by leaving their orders for their suits have far exceeded our expectation. Wc have been assured, over and over again, that thc
quality of thc materials we are showing and the styles and
finish of our Suits is the finest and best for the money Vancouver has ever known.
Tho reason for this is the fact that our establishment is
controlled by men of high skill and experience, and that it has
always paid the highest salary for expert UNION TAILORS,
thus securing the service of men who are masters in their craft.
Call and select your pattern from the largest tailoring
stock in this city.
' MEM'S SUITS from $27.50 to $42.00.
LADIES' SUITS from $32.00 to $45.00.
B. C. TAILORING CO.
128 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Established 1910 Next Old Pantages
ICE
Will Reduce the
High Cost of Living
Phone
w* Price
Simple
Practical
Efficient
'DRAIN
ICECHAHBEK
INSULATION
FOOD CHAMBER
.00
*5
ALAMIEL
South Wellington Coal
VICTORIA, B. 0.1 618 View Street.  Pbone, 1269.  Greenhouses asd Nor-
M/y, Esquimau Road.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. C: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 Granville Street.   Phone Seymour 9513
E
10
Capital City Labor Men Are
Opposed to* Scheme of
Conscription
Newspaper      Conspiracies
and Lying Reports Not
Overlooked
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
The Sign USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P.BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in AU Sections of the Province
TBADES UNIONISTS-IS THB MILK SUPPLIED TO YOUB HOME
DELIVBBED BT UNION LABOB?
If lt !• not call up tto
BeaconsfieldHygienicDairy
PHONE FAIBMONT 1697
or drop a card to our office, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOB EXCLUSIVELY
WE GUARANTEE TO GIVE TOU SATISFACTION-GIVE US A CALL
VICTORIA, B. C., June 15. — The
Capital City Trades and Labor couneil
at its last regular meeting endorsed the
action of its delegate, Mr. J. Taylor, in
opposing conscription at Montreal, and
asserted that there was no foundation
for charges that Prussian money was
supporting Mr. Taylor. At the same
time the council decided to hold a public nieeting in Victoria to make clear
to the public the reasons for Labor's
opposition to conscription.
'' Don *t be humbugged by any resolutions passed by that convention," said
Mr. Taylor, who explained that he was
born in Shakespeare's county in England. "If conscription is put through
in this country you will And yourselves
in the position that you will have no
right to say for whom you will work
or under what conditions. . Be careful
for whom you vote if an election
comes, for the men you vote into uniform may not hesitate to hit you over
the head with the butt end of a gun
later on.
"Conscription is not necessary in
Canada from a military point of view.
The United States is just as deep in
the mud as we are in the mire. Tbis
country has sent more than 400,000
men overseas, out of a population of
8,000,000. That gives you one taan in
twenty. The same ratio from the United States wilt give you 5,000,000 men.
Those men from United States can be
drilled and dispatched overseas just as
quickly as they can be from tbis country.
Not Labor's War.
"If you size it all up, whose war is
this? Is it Labor's war? Head your
daily press. Yesterday they were
harping on the fact that the neutrality
of Belgium guaranteed by the great
powers had been broken and we were
out to avenge Belgium. Today they
say to you we must get the Germans'
trade.
"I only trust that the working class
of this province will look after its interests juBt as well as the capitalists
look after theirs and there will be no
mistake. I believe that if Labor is
going to take a strong stand ngainst
conscription now, it is going to improve its stand 200 to 300 per cent.
If not it will go down as it has in
Great Britain."
Mr. Taylor declared that if conscription were forced on this country, men
in munition factories even would be
branded as slackers by flag-waving
politicians to satisfy returned soldiers.
"They tell you that if ever Britain
engaged in a just war then by Holy
Moses this is it," continued Mr. Taylor.
"They tell you that where the British
flag flies there is justice and liberty.
If tbe people believe tbis and if it is
true then there will be no objection to
free speech. If the British flag stands
for all they claim it does, then let us
put it to the test by holding a meeting in this city, saying that we have
sufficient confidence in our position tn
place it openly before the man in the
street. If they deny us that, then they
are placing themselves in the very
same position as the autocrats of Russia, and Prussia, whom they are flgtn-
ing.
"This is no time tor grand stand
plays or bunk or hokuspokus. If ever
they do succeed in putting through
conscription, then the last vestige of
our Lnbor organization will be swept
from us. Do not be swayed by any
flag-waving politician or bunk peddler.
How much longer are you going to believe them! It is up to you to decide
today whether you are going to listen
to their bunk or use your renson and
common sense."
Convention Party Pity.
Mr. Taylor charged that the Montreal convention was renlly nothing
more or less than ;i political move,
called to bolster up the party in power.
He said tbe convention was not a success even in the eyes of the people
who engineered it. He said that when
he introduced his amendment calling
for a referendum on conscription member's of the convention did everything
in their power to prevent it being put
to a vote.
"I stand by the stntement thnt the
convention was nothing more than a
party move," Mr. Taylor added.
"We had just the amount of lawyers
and judges you would expect to have
at such a convention," he went on.
Mr. Taylor said the resolutions were
mostly all general, lending up to one
resolution for conscription and for the
support of whatever principles the
present government deems it advisable
to take.
"The French-Canadian takes this
position," continued Mr/Taylor. "He
wiys this government has outlived its
term of office and haB no mandate from
the people. The stand I took was that
Labor was opposed to conscription industrially nnd militarily,"
He explained that the convention was
held in Montreal to line-up the Freneh-
Onnadinns. "For a while," he snid,
"tbe convention resolved itself into a
mutual admiration society, playing to
them for national unity, telling Ihem
that if it had not been for the French,
Canada would not now be under Ihe
British flag."
Mr. Tnylor pave impressions of the
viirious delegates to the convention.
From St. John were two men. one
from the Longshoremen's nnd Cigar-
mnkers' unions, but not fully accredit-,.
ted by the Trades and Labor council.
There were three Labor men from Montreal who, however, did not attend all
the sessions. Out of three men from
British Columbia, one each from New
Westminster, Vnncouver nnd Victoria,
he was the only properly accredited
Lnbor representative.
Means Loss ot Labor's Rights.
Secretary Wells, of the B. C. Federation* of Labor, asserted that conscrip*
tion should be opposed, as its introduction would mean that thc Inst vestige
of democracy would be taken from the
people of Canada. He declared that munition manufacturers and other capitalists were taking advantage of the war
and were introducing women into industry and thus beating down wages
and working conditions. He said that
capitalists were eager for the conscription of men, but ridiculed the idea of
conscription of wealth on the grounds
that' nothing should interfere with private enterprise.
"They are bleeding thc country white
as fnr as they can, and wringing exorbitant profits from the people," Mr.-
Wells continued. "They nre replacing
men by women, not beon use they love
the women, but because they cnn get
them cheaper.
"The idea behind conscription is that
it is not for military purposes chiefly,
but for industrial purposes. Under conscription you will be going bnck to the
old style of absolute slavery. Under
conscription the trndes -unions of Englnnd have been! forced to give up. every
vestige of rights that bave been wrested from the master class through years
of struggle. As things are now in England a man can't quit his job without
being subject to arrest.''
Out of the twenty-five delegates at
the meeting, only one, Delegate Findlay, of the Musicians' Union, did not
vote in favor of endorsing the stand of
Mr. Taylor at Montreal. Mr. Findlay
explained that he had to represent the
wishes of his union, which last Sunday
pnssed a resolution in favor of the conscription of man power and wealth under a coalition government.
Newspaper Conspiracy.
Some of the delegates charged tbat
newspapers in Victoria and Vancouver
and even throughout the country were
parties to a conspiracy to misrepresent
the attitude of Labor to conscription.
Mr. Taylor said that his attitude was
being persistently misrepresented, and
Mr. Wells declared that stories printed
in The Colonist about the nnti-conscrip-
tion meeting held by unionists at Vancouver on Monday night were "deliberate lies." He said the meeting was entirely orderly, except when n very large
and powerful woman slnpped a* Lnbor
union man across the face. The Labor
union man wns diminutive in stature,
and he returned the slnp, becnuse the
chairman of the meeting bad announced
at the opening that, ns women had been
granted the franchise, they were to be
trented the same ns men". Mr. WTells
denied thnt anybody was arrested at
the meeting, nnd in support of this
quoted the news stories in the evening
newspapers on Tuesday. He said the
daily newspapers wore* unfair in tbeir
treatment of all Lnbor matters and anything that bad to do with the betterment of the working people.
"The whole point is," eontinueiLMr.
Wells, "that every man who dares to
differ from the present government, or
the powers that be and the powers behind the government, which is the capitalist class, is branded as an alien enemy." He said that freedom of speech
has degenerated in this country to whnt
the condition is supposed to be in Germany. . , .    ,
Mr. Wells declared that labor men
should fight now to prevent conditions
for the workers becomining worse, so
that the returned soldierB will be nble
to come back to a country where things
will not be less advantageous than they
are now.
'Who has fought harder for better
pensions for soldiers thnn the labor
unions?" nsked Mr. Wells. "The returned soldiers will have the support of
the labor men long after the flag-waving politicians have forgotten them."
The council received and filed a resolution passed by the 8ocinl-Democrntic
party of this city. This resolution declared tbat, "in view of the attempt of
the Borden government to conscript the
already depleted man-power of Canada,
after giving assurance to organized la-
for that such means would not be tnken
to secure recruits for tbe nrhiy, that we
will not submit to military registration." The resolution asked for a referendum on conscription.
The committee to arrange for the
anti-conscription meeting here consists
of the members of the executive of the
council, and Messrs. Wells, Fox, Campbell and Tripp.
E
STATEMENT OF
THE CASE
No Conscription of Men in
Canada Until Wealth is
Expropriated
Trades and Labor Congress
Executive Does Not
Mince the Matter
DEVELOP CREERFULNEBS-
NOT OUSSEDNESS
[By the Rev. Charles Stelzle.]
Some men have skins as tough ns
that of the rhinoceros. They are absolutely indifferent to whatever maybe
thought or snid ubout them. But most
of us nre finer bred. We do care. And
it is right that we should.
Not thnt we are switycd from the
course which we know to be right because of the adverse opinions of our
fellows, but it seems, more human to
plense than not to please. Because thin
is true—and most men are of this opinion—it is passing strnnge that so few
of us regard it in our dealings with
others.
Perhaps the most trying experience
in many a workingman's life is the
consciousness thnt a bunch of his fellow workers nre ridiculing him. There
mny bo some little peo.ilinrity about
him, to which he hns become accustomed—something that he eats at lunch
hour, something that he wears, thc way
thnt he goes about doing n pnrticulnr
job—any one of a dozen things, whioh
bring upon him the ridioule which
makes his sensitive soul shrivel. And
for the remainder of the dny he is mi-
happy.
One of the most heartless bits of
brutality thnt you and I encounter is
when two or three chnps get together,
and, with nmused glances, riddle with
tbeir looks nnother fellow who is mi-
conseious of the nature of the criticism
which tbey arc making of bim. It would
be easier to benr nnd more bonnrnble
to defend if they should nil set upon
him witb fists or clubs. But thc cowardly gossipcr in tbe shop wouldn 't
dure fnoe the man whom he ia holding
up to ridicule.
One of the finest evidences of culture and-good breeding is the passing
over or ignoring of another's mistnkef
or failings. I>et's develop more of it
in the shop. It will make life very
much brighter to the man whose burdens, if we werp carrying tbem, might
drive us to despair. Let's be boosters
instend of knockers. It pays all
around.
"Until tbe government gives
proof tbat conscription, in the
words of the Premier, is the only
measure to preserve the existence
of the state and of the institutions
and liberties which we enjoy, organlied Ubor has every warrant In
seeking its defeat by both its
economic and political power.
"If the government is sincere in
its determination to 'consecrate the
power of the nation,' to the cause
of the Allies and democracy, the
conscription of man-power will follow aad not precede that of wealth „
and the nationalisation of every in-
dustry necessary for the prosecution of the war."
THIS statement is tbe outsanding
feature of organized labor's somewhat belated reply to the conscription
of man-power measure brought down
by Sir Robert Borden, issued by J. C.
Watters, president of the Trades and
Lubor Congress of Canada and given
out exclusively to the daily press last
Friday.
Labor Not Consulted.
The statement further says:
"Up till the time the Premier left
for London we hnd repeated assurances
that conscription wns not contemplated
by the government. On December 27,
last, while discussing with him the registration scheme of the Nntionnl Service Board, he stated, in connection
with the adoption of conscription in
the hearing of Vice-presidents Simpson
and Rigg, Secretary Draper and myself
that he would consider it his duty to
consult organized labor before undertaking to net on a matter of such grave
importance.
"The first intimation I had was in
the daily press, and no official of our
union was consulted.
"We were not consulted, .but the
'congress executive sought nn interview
with the Premier nfter his pronouncement on May 18, and sought to learn
his reasons for his changed attitude.
There was not the shadow of a reason
revealed at the interview to warrant
a change from voluntary to compulsory
service.
Says Money, Not Men, Needed.
"The greatest service that Canada
can render the Allies, therefore, is to
conscript (not borrow) the wealth of
the nation, to tnke over and operate
tbe mines, railroads and munition
works and other establishments necessary to the prosecution of the war (including the banking system), to eliminate the least vestige of profiteering,
thus giving the nntion the benefit, instead of the profiteer, of the work
done.
"The conscription of 50,000 to 100,-
000 men to send to tbe front, where
they are of comparatively minor im-
portnnce, looks pathetically inadequate
alongside the tremendous service which
could be rendered the Empire by setting at naught the established order of
things and consecrating the whole
power of the nation to wjn thc war.
"I consider it my duty to sound a
note of warning to the organized workers riot to permit themselves to be
shackled with the chains of conscription. In the event of its being established any effort on the pnrt of the
workers to ameliorate conditions cnn be
frustrated by simply calling them to
the colors nnd placing them under militnry discipline, when orders must be
obeyed on pain of ^punishment meted
out by court mart ial.\ The experience
of the railway workers in France should
be an object lesson in that regard.'
Possibly an armed working clnss
might not be tbe worst thing that coulq
happen.
GERMAN  SOCIALIST  MANIFESTO.
;    The following manifest  bas been  issued by German Socinlist wointfn:
"Sisters  and   Mourners:  We thnnk
i you for all the labors of the past
twelve months to spread the props
gandn of enlightenment throughout Bn
vnria, Saxony, Wurtemburg, Baden and
Westphalia. On the eve of a new year
we ask you to consider for what 'pur-
[pose  the   voices  of  Rosa   Luxemburg
land Clara Zctkin hnve been raised in
| tbe hope of mitigating your sufferings.
jit is to save your homes from grief nnd
your sons nnd brothers from the crdfll
sacrifice and continued BCOurge of this
needless war. For what purpose hnve
Dr. Liebknecht and Herren Haase and
Ledebour dragged the masks from the
selfish villains in Berlin, who, manipulating Austria, Turkey, nnd Bulgaria
by corrupt methods, havo steeped the
Fatherland in blood?   It is becnuse tbe
'love of truth and honor of a smnil minority in the Reichstag and tlieir hatred
of hypocrisy knows no limit und cannot lie bought by gold or material gain.
J "For what purpose are the wage-
earners and their children reduced to
want in raiment and suffering privation in food?   It is becnuse the Kaiser
'nnd his ministers, from  tbe first dny
!of tbe wnr, have purposely deceived
the nation with falsehoods and continue
to withhold the documents (already
published in the press of netural stntes)
which stamp tbe Potsdam conspirators
with indelible infamy.
"Believing thnt the Allied Powers
huve no enmity against the German
peoples nor desire to violate the territory of our states, we appeal to you, in
the name of the brnve men who hnve
'flung themselves to denth ut the bidding of  miscreants, to  redouble your
1 efforts in the coming yenr to bring
about the cessation of this devastating
and unnecessary struggle. . . . We are
persuaded    thnt    when    tbe    German
.armies have evacuated Belgium, Russian, and French territory, it will be
possible te terminate the rain and suffering of the present conflict."
Every Good UNION MAN
SHOULD WEAR THE BEST
CARHARTTS
OVERALLS
ARE THE BEST BY TEST
Patronize our own Union Overall Factory in Vancouver and keep the money at home among our own
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OVER-ALL
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For your kitchen, Wellington nut.
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump.. 8.00
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Comox Pea  5.0
(Try our Pet Ooal fo: tou underfeed finite*)
macdonaldMarpole Co.
Phone
Seumour^
ZIO
Phone
iournw
210
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
Are showing a beautiful range of Men's and Boys' Suits and
Furnishings.
MEN'S AND YOUNG MEN'S
SuitB, including Pinch Backs, from $15.00 per suit up.
WORKING SHIRTS from $1.26 up.
CARHARTT OVERALLS and other Union makes kept in
stock **
IN BOYS'SUITS
Great Values are being offend
Blouses, Sport Shirts, Shirt Waists, Straw and Linen Hate in
great variety.
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITeST
Tel. 8ej. 702 309 to SU HutiDgi Stmt W«t
10 SUB. CARDS SI 0, PAY FOR WHEN SOLD
Lesson From the Strike
1, That Vancouver cannot do without a regular,
dependable, organized system of transportation
giving cheap fares.
2. That tho street railway is the only system that
can give this service.
•). That thc street railway cannot give service unless it receives adequate revenue.
4. That anything that injures thc street railway or
prevents it from operating, injures thc public.
5. That as thc public neglects to give its active support or gives its opposition to thc street railway,
il will be inconvenienced by the cessation or curtailment of thc street railway service.
(i. That in order to get the best long distance, non-
paying service from the street railway, the public must patronise and support it in the paying
service.
7. That the diverting of paying revenue to thc jitney is against the interests of that majority who
depend upon the street railway for transportation.
8. That loading the street railway with taxes ami
encumbrances makes it less able to deliver service to the people.
9. That there is a limit to the street railway's ability lo give service—the limit being the revenue
it is allowed to use for the purpose.
oseseutric PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY. June 22, 1917
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LETTERS TO
I THI
"Pite." Day Dreaming.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Lot me
tell you a secret; Ssli! I liavo always longed to be a hero. Long, long
ago, in the dear old days, in the dear
home land, when I palled ;i heavily-
loaded truck through the dear old
streets of dear old London for sixteen
hours a day for the generous salary of
one half-crown per weok, much of layer—spare time wus spent in the dreaming of dreams. Sometimes I was Dead-
wood Dick, gaily dressed, debonair,
and of dashing appearance, rescuing a
lovely maiden from the cruel clutches
of the dastardly ruffians who would
dare profane the divine beauty. Then
again I waa the lightning detective,
feared by criminals, und loved by young
ladies and all law-abiding citizens.
Anon I was Buffulo Bill, Jesse .Tames,
and laBt, but not least, a death defy
ing pirate of the Spanish Main. You
can see from thist that I am naturally,
in fact, almost super ijafcu rally, brave.
I wish to get to the front, and am
tinder the impression that other mon
equally useless, and brave as myself,
such us railroad and bank presidents,
lawyers, judges, politicians, capitalists
of all degree, and their intelligent supporters, ministers of tho cult of the
poace - loving Nazarene, and even
Dnughters of the Empire, are tilled with
the same desire. Our wishes should be
gratified.
These be parlous times; and the Empire needs an example. Nevertheless, I
will not join a working-class regiment.
My soul aspires to something higher
than association with "slaves of the
wheel of labor." By descent and inclination I am an aristocrat. I therefore propose that the useless people
mentioned, along with myself, be enrolled in one battalion and sent to
Frnnce. I furthor suggest thnt we be
put through no drill, on account of our
age or physical weakness, armed with
revolvers; and each of us to solemnly
swear not to return alive unless the war
fs over.
We must then be marched to the field
of battle and given a most dangerous
position, so that by our early destruction, we may set an examplo to the
Ehipire, and give the lie to thnt assertion that we love our profits more than
our country. ,
H. M. FITZGERALD.
Tranqullle Sanitarium, Kamloops, B.C.,
June 10, 1917.
"The Time Has Oome."
Editor of Federationist: "Tbe time
has come," says Mr. Borden, "to invoke authority.'' The premier is right.
The time has come. But whose authority, Mr. Borden f The authority of
the conservative party which happens
by a political accident to be in the
seat of power at the present time; the
authority of the military machine; or
the authority of the people! The fate
of the Borden administration and perhaps many other things depends upon
the correct answer to that question.
The time has eome to invoke authority. "I am the state," said Louis
XIV, but is Premier Borden the state f
Is it merely a legend that the people
rulo?   It would seem so.
Tlie only constitutional way in which
Mr. Borden can invoke authority on
such a revolutionary measure as conscription is by referring the matter to
the people.
If he refuses to do this it can only
be because he is afraid the people do
not want it. We would like very humbly to inform Mr. Borden that if the
majority of the people in Canada do
not want conscription, they will not
have it anyway. Most of us in this
country, English, Irish, Scotch, Austrian, Italian, Scandinavian, etc, left
Europe precisely because we were disgusted with its feudalism and autocracy and military insanity. We came
here to help build up a new world free
from the trammels of medieval folly.
Mr. Borden is anxious to invoke his
autlioiity to whirl us back into the
maelstrom frota which we hnve escaped. '
It is not that we love the German
government which lifted the lid of hell.
Oh no I Those gentlemen are our
greatest enemies, and we would join
with the proletariat, of Germany gladly
to overthrow them. But—those gentlemen have too much cunning to get into
the trenches themselves, so with the
aid of that triune hierarchy of diabolism, tbe pulpit, press and politician,
they have endeavored to stir up hate in
the breasts of the simple peasantry
tiiat they might hi cajoled into doing
their bloody wojRi for them. We objectors in this 'country to PruHsiiiiiism,
either Gerta.M! o** Canadian, are a mp'e
petiimi'.iry, too* Fut through tbo'baneful influence of l'urnturc, we huvi. be-
c .me educated.
We have read in history of many
cases where nti-er'ty has beeli invoked,
sometimes successfully, sometimes with
disaster. Mr. Borden's iden is not a
new one. Charles I said to himself,
he time has come to invike authority," trd he " > to the Ww of
commons v'ib a ts <■• soldiers i.« srr.st
Pym and Uampden and others,
Louis XVI invoked authority, but
an Curlyle suys, "his well charged ex-
fdosion exploded through the touch
iob\ aoveuiig him with confusion and
i.nwemly boo:."
The Romanoffs said to themselves the
time has come to invoke authority.
Since then they hnve said nothing else
of importance.
If we people in Canndn hav* any 'ib-
orty whate,«-•>*. then we musf domand
a referendum. If we have no liberty,
then it is time we quit shedding crocodile tears over the misdemeanors of
mir European neighbors.
Compulsion is the antithesis of democracy, No statesman in either Britain
or Canada'would have dared to breathe
such a word before their brainn had become heated with the war frenzy. The
very necessity of o.ir present rulers introducing the ideu is a dahining prorf
that they have not made our country
worth fighting for. The onty* safe nuthority to invoke is constitutional authority. Fools, whether in the suddle
of power ir 'it the tail of t' r n.ob, try
violence, sometimes successfully, sometimes with disaster.
We would not recommend this course
RETAIL CLERKS BOOST
B. 0. UNION-MADE OOODS
The following resolution has
been adopted unanimously by the
Retail Clerks' association:
"Resolved, that members of
the Retail Clerics' association do
everything in their power to
boost the sale of 'Made in B. C.
goods,' if manufactured by union
labor, in preference to goods made
outside the province."
5
for either Borden or the unknown enthusiast at the end of the tail.
The greatest power in the hands of
the workers, however, if Borden should
persist, is the power of doing—NOTHING!
GEORGE F. STIRLING.
Salmon Arm, May 30, 1917.
Refused Publication ln the "Oreat"
Local Dailies.
Editor B. C. Foderntionist: I have
read with much interest your comments
on national service, the tenor of
which is that we all should do everything possible to help further tbe cause.
I hope you believe this, for I am going to give you a proposition that will
prove just how honest you are in your
protestations. I have worked five and
a half years for a newspaper here when
the population waa greater and the city
was much more pmspcrous thun it is
toduy, and consequently believe thnt I
know soinething ub.iut what I am proposing. There are four daily newspapers in Vancouver, *wo morning and
two eveaing, while two would adequately cover the field. By eliminating two, you would release many men
(editors, reporters, solicitors, typesetters, etc., etc.) that could devote their
energies to something useful or needed.
You would relieve many advertisers
who now feel compelled to advertise in
all, and thus save thousands of dollars
that might be used, for the better cause.
Tou would use less paper and thus
save the labor of the men that are now
making this wasted paper, cutting the
wood for pulp, etc., etc. PosBibly directly and indirectly half a million dollars a year would thuB be saved.
It should not be a very hard thing to
arrive nt as to which two of you
should commit industrial hari-kari. It
might be done by a plebiscite: on the
basis of circulation; prior location; arbitration; casting of lots; poker dice,
or possibly the rush to do your duty
might make none of these necessary.
At a time when men are lnying down
their lives for tbe Empire, a useless
or not required business is of small consequence.' Surely you will not hesitate
to do your duty. Politically I am an
independent liberal. I would cheerfully
give my interest in the most independent or most liberal journnl (or both)
in Vancouver, to help this great cause.
G. J. CURTIS.
Queen's Ave., Burnaby, June 11,1917,
"Yellow" or "White."
Editor B, C. Federationist: In your
issue of June 8 I see that the Australian peace societies have laid out a
programme for the future. Most unfortunately there is one question they
have not dealt with, Viz.: What portion of the world is to be open for colonization by the peoples of Japan,
China and India? It seems to me that
all talk about world peace is futile until this question is honestly faced.
In your same iBSue we are told thnt
the Australians want "a white Australia." Tou want "a white Canada."
The New Zealanders want "a white
New Zealand." The South Africans
and South Americans make similar demands. None of you, however, have
yet stated what portions of the world
should iu your opinion be yellow.
Japan, China and India contain one
half of the human race. That half has
the same desire to travel and colonize
as the other half. It has precisely the
same right to travel and colonize as
the other half. Moreover, it is rapidly
developing tho power to enforce it's
right. Japan is already as efficient in
war as any nation of its size, and development in China is beginning. These
two nations contain more people than
there are in all Europe, and will ere
long be equal in war to all Europe. India, also, cannot be permanently overlooked.
I strongly advise you and all others
who wont to live in a "white" country to decide without a moment's delay what countries you are willing to
allow to be yellow or brown. There is
no time to waste over this question.
Unless you get a tremendous move on,
there is a bloodier war than this not
far ahead, and Vancouver will be as
much mentioned in thnt war ns Ypres
nnd Lille are in this one.
Tours truly.
R. B. KERR.
Kelownn, B. C, June 13, 1917.
Some   Pointers Regarding
Present World-Wide
Conflagration
There Can Be No Peace Until Labor Controls Own
Means of Living
Used—Then Discarded.
Editor B. C. Federationist: As I see
by the papers thnt there is talk of the
government bringing in a bill to enforce conscription on the people here,
I should like to say that having been
in the army for over a year, and having been injured on duty while on sentry go, I was discharged, disabled, unfit to work, without anything being
done for my assistance. Today, one
year later, I am still disabled, not having the fall use of one leg, and all this
time, though attention of the authorities bas been frequently called to it,
nothing has been done. So, joining the
army physically fit aad serving for
nineteen months, I am, when rendered
unfit in the service of the country,
thrown out to shift for myself without
compensntion of any kind such as employees in civil life are entitled to
under the workmen's compensation and
employers' liability acts. I should
like to know what nuthority any government existing has for causing such
a stnte of affairs to exist, and by what
mandate, ns long as things arc as they
nre and they do not look nfter those
who have enlisted, shall they bring in n
law to force others who are now fit to
join the army nnd become disabled and
thrown out to compete with others in
the lnbor market without any thanks
or recognition. The worklngman's
physical fitness is all he has to offer
against the capitalist's wealth, and I
nsk the people of this country, will
they stand for it, to be shipwrecked
in life for others nnd then have to
peddle shoe laces on the streets for a
country that hns lost its use for thern;
or will they rise and protest that the
government of this country must first
attend to those that have already voluntarily enlisted and been disabled before they seek ito bring in any law to
force other* into the same position.
■■   EX-SOLDIER.
Vancouver. B C. June 15, 1917.
[By W. Francis Ahern.]
SYDNEY, N.S.W., Mny 30.—(Special
to The Federationist)—Present
day happenings convince us that wars
will cease only wben the causes of wars
are eliminated, but present day happenings should also convince us that
Labor is tbe only fnctor which counts
in the mnking of wars. If the workers
decline to provide the wherewithal of
war or armies, there would never be
any wars.
Perilous as the position is in Europe
at the present time, we should realize
that after all, organized labor holds the
key of the situation, and while it is
ignorant of the fact, it iB nevertheless
the strongest existing human force, It
is true that Capitalism is on top at the
present time, but Capitalism after all is
controlled by clever nnd far-seeing individuals, who have the weapons of
press, pulpit, and state at their command; yet it depends on the workers
for its very existence. Did the workers
but realize this fact just as much as
Capitalism recognizes it* the hintter
would be solved.
Would Take PoUtlcal Action.
The position of Australian labor,
when compared with the' labor position in other countries, proves conclusively.that whero labor is organized industrially, yet divorced politically, government is in the hands of the capitalists. The United States proves this to
a nicety, ThuB is capital given the
power to break strikes by the importation of workers of another rnce. If
this latter possibility was eliminated it
would be possible to control a nation
by what is known ns "direct action,"
but even with this the suffering of the
workers would be as great as if they
underwent an invasion by some barbarous nation. Thus, to direct the
policy of a nntion in peace as well as
in war, the workers must 'unite their
individual organizations with political
activities, which would then give them
the power to govern.
Following that, it would be necessary to bring the workers to an understanding of what constitutes solidarity
of international labor. With men and
women organized as workers, and not
as national units, their object would be
to obtain economic justice for themselves without respect to race, color,
language or creed.
The Curse of Armaments.
Armaments arc useless to the workers, since they are the tools which
murder theta. Their construction draws
labor from the work of making useful
and beautiful articles of consumption
and use—so it is that they starve with
their wives and children. Whon organized labor is strong enough all this
hideous nightmare will come to an end.
But before this happens there are two
objects to be attained. In the first
place men and women must control the
eountry in whieh they live, so as to be
independent of private ownership of
land and capital. Otherwise they will
be forced to do that which they are
opposed to doing, in order to exist. In
the second place the workers must be
strong enough to take the management
of the situation out of the hands of the
powers-that-be when the war-gongs
noise.
It should be stated here that 'the
people who cannot speak for the workers, likewise cannot bind them. And
this is illustrated in this manner: Suppose a member of the U. S. Congress
were to nppeal to the workers of, say
Germany, to end the system of armaments, the workers would rightly ask,
"In whose name do you speak!" It is
only labor members who can speak in
reply, "Organized labor in this country." If it were a mater of peace, the
questioners could but aver—"the men
nnd women who have voted for us."
And that, after all, might not represent
anything like a decent vote of the
community, and they would have t,o
admit this fact. Then the inevitable
answer would come that while the advocates of pence in that eountry wished
it so, there was no guarantee that the
people fighting them were nlso of the
same mind. To that the peace advocates could but answer, '/It is so."
Yoa see where it lands us if a peace
party without the backing of organised
labor—industrially, as well as politically—were to begin operations. The
people of the other eountry would say,
nnd rightly so: "You ask for peace, it
is true, but your government is in the
hands of the jingoB supported by the
jingo 'musses who nre not organized.
We hnve to arm because you nre too
weuk to prevent your own country
arming, nnd if war breaks out we have
to protect ourselves and those dear to
tis from the fury of your soldiers."
Thus the peace advocates would be
powerless.
But if organized labor stands behind
the pence move—organized politically
and industrially—und csn sny, "We
control the government and can bind
it to our will and can prevent capitalists from attacking you," then the
matter seems to have been solved. What
then is the Huty before every one of
us? There is something that beckons
tn us out of the future™something that
beseeches us. To do what? Simply
! this. Elect our own representatives,
.control the position politically ns well
ns industrially, and see thnt our representatives gain for ub internntionnl
i pence. Is it impossible? Let us hope
'not.
No matter who started the war it's
up to the international working class '.
to ead it—aad end it as it should. The '
World for the Workers!
&e
Ha monGobc
acco.
Visit the Beauty Spots
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS      "       "   35c
EAGLE HARBOR      "       "   40c
LARSON'S RANCH      "       "  50c
WHYTECLIFF for
HORSESHOE BAY       "       "   50c
Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.  For further
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Passenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
NABOB
PURE INDO-CEYLON
TEA
Because of its surpassing deliciousness which never varies, NABOB Tea
has come to be regarded by the particular as the one tea without a single
peer.
KELLY, DOUGLAS St COMPANY, LTD.
Vancourer, B. 0.   .
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BEXD, Proprietor
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND ENGINEERS
Manufacture™ of
STRUCTURAL and ORNAMENTAL
IRONWORK
Offlce ud Works: Tooth Stroot NEW WESTMINSTER B. 0.
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Using only
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Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vancouver. B. 0.
MWBM'IC CONCHAS
2 for 25c 3 for 25c'
ACTUAL SIZES
I FBIDAT...
...June 22, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
»
The Most Complete Statement of the Problems of the
Wage Worker Yet Issued.
The Genesis and
Evolution of Slavery
By E. T. Kingsley, one of the leading thinkers and writers on
wage workers' problems on the continent.
ThiB booklet has been pronounced by Labor leaden
to be the best exposition of tbe present dayproblems
of the wage worker.
Thousands of copies have been circulated since the booklet was
issued, the orders coming from every part of the world.
The interest aroused by tha interesting manner in which the
problem is discussed is shown by the fact that there have been
many repeat orders.
Locals should
secure packages
for distribution
among their
members.
Every phase of
the Labor Movoment Is fully
discussed and
analysed.
E.   T.   KINOSLET
Author  of   "The  Genesis  and  Evolution of
Today the relations of Capital and Labor are changing. The
discussion of the wage workers' problems in this booklet will give
a complete grasp of the past movements of either party, their
present day relations and the outlook for the future.
OET IT!
READ IT!!
STUDY IT! !
100 copies or more (carriage paid) 5 cents per copy.
Single copies or any number up to 100 (post paid),
10 cents per copy.
Address all orders to
The B. C. Federationist
Room 217 Labor Temple
Vancouver, B. C.
SSI
I
Take Holiday for Purpose
of Considering Matter
of "Down Tools"
Nanaimo  Coal  Company's
Philanthropy Gets
a Severe Jolt
, [By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., June
19.—The aggregation of socialists,
anarchists, pro-Germ-huns and general
no-goods, locally known as Local S72,
IT. M. W. of A,, met again on Sunday,
June 17, at that salubrious health resort known as South Wellington, and
transacted buBinesB left over from last
week. The reason for giving the above
high-sounding titles ia to save some of
our frienda of the daily capitalist press
from hunting up their dictionaries to
find epithets to hurl at us.
Election of Officers.
The first order of business was the
election of officers, when the following
were elected for the next twelve
months: President, Walter Head;
recording secretary, James Bateman;
financial secretary, Isaac Portrey;
treasurer, J. H. Richardson; warden,
Joseph Hosko; guard, Ed Carrol; trustees, Geo. Spowart, J. Bateman, J.
Watson; finance committee, Jas. Buck-
ledge, Thos. Campbell, Thos. Weatwell.
The new. officers will take their respective positions on the first meeting
in July..
B. O. F. of L. Referendum.
The next order of business was the
B. C. F. of L. referendum on the
"down tools" proposition, and a great
deal of discussion took place dealing
with the question; nlso of the absence
from the meeting of so many of the
younger members. It is sad to relate,
but large numbers of the younger men,
who will be first affected by conscription, were conspicuous by their absence.
The meeting was well-attended by the
older men, many of whom are unlikely
to be affected by conscription, and yet
they were all, with one exception, opposed to the inauguration of Prussian
militarism in Canada.
Mass-Meeting at Nanaimo.
During the discussion, an invitation
to attend an anti-conscription meeting
in Nanaimo was read. The young
bloods came in for a certain amount of
condemnation, but we must remember
that this is the time when the young
man's thoughts lightly turn to love,
and other contagious diseases. It would
have been better had the mon attended
the meeting in full force, because if
they will not attend to their own interests they will be forced into slavery,
nnd love's young dream will be o'er.
In other words, their names will be
mud. The meeting was composed
mostly of English-speaking men, a number of whom are classified under the
classes above the sixth, according to
the proposed conscription measure. The
spirit of the meeting, which represents
the spirit of thc whole community, was
strongly opposed to conscription. Hr™
Ford Owners and the
Street Car Strike
The most independent man in the city today is the owner of a Ford Car.
He can go anywhere at any time. He loses no time and, consequently, money
through the street car strike, for he owns his own transportation system.
His wife can do her shopping without inconvenience and the kiddies arrive at
school on time.
Don't depend on your neighbour for rides. You have no excuse for trespassing on his generosity, for under our Easy Payment Plan anyone can own
a Ford Car.
SULLIVAN-TAYLOR MOTOR CO.
250 Kl-NGSWAY
Phone Fairmont 2730-2731
ever, the meeting decided that in order
to prevent a false impression being
sent out, it would be advisable to take
a holiday on Tuesday, June 19, for the
purpose of taking the vote on the
"down tools" proposition. A small
minority was in favor of taking the
vote right away, but the majority
thought that in view of the fact of
there being an anti-conscription meeting on that day in Nanaimo, it would
give every man an opportunity to attend that meeting.
Mar Retain Organizer.
A letter was read frota John P.
White, in which he promised to look
into the case of Joe Naylor, and if the
future policy of the organization would
allow he would see that Joe was kept
on the job.
The Fitzgerald Fund.
The following donations have been
received for the Fitzgerald fund since
I last wrote: J. Dykes, South Wellington, $1; W. Hill, Powell Biver, $1; also
n library from a friend.
Changes at Nanaimo..
Great changes have taken place in
Nanaimo. Tommy Stockett has resigned and I have a good notion to make
an appeal through the columns of The
Fed., to enable us to make him a handsome present. He will no doubt need
it, as he haa only been pulling down n
measly $1,000 a month for skinning
the docile slaves of Nanaimo.
Tho Nanaimo Co. (the W. F. Co.),
out of extreme lovo for their slaves,
have magnanimously consented to slip
an extra wad of mazuma in their pay-
envelopes beginning next pay-day.
They have granted an inerease of 10
per cent, "voluntarily," and of their
own free will? They were influenced
by nothing but .the fact that their love
for their employees was so great that
it wrung their hearts to see the way
the good pirates were raising the price
of mush, etc., so they have provided
the Nanaimo.men with the wherewithal
to take a trip to Palm Beach, buy
automobiles, eto.
District 10 's New Agreement.
I have just received a copy of the
lastest agreement made between District No. 10, TJ. M. W. of A., and the
coal operators in the state of Washington. The following rates will prevail
from June 1, 1917, until August 31,
1918:
Inside Mine-
Miners  '. 44.49
Timbermen
WHT AD VEBTI SIN GIV
THE  FED.  GETS RESULTS
The Federatlonist is the onlr Libor piper
now published west of Winnipeg. VV
ofVttti^ta&ilJ61M0°trid* «*"»"•
It neehu the highest paid wage-workeri—
tne most purchasing power.
IU reader, are among thoie who are .to*
fmti.7—m^',i"? i" d° ~w own thinking and who demand freedom et eipreiilon.
They mad The Pederatlonlrt beeaS™ t °.
their own paper, and Hi column, are alwara
open to them.
Soma of the largest unions In the province
subscribe for The^ederationtat In a boa>7 »
copy being mailed to the residence of each
member.
nine yeari: It is an integral part of the organised Labor movement ol Britlah Colombia i
and lt one of the most widely qnoted Labor
papers on thla continent. i«»™» *»»»*;
Timbermen Helpers ..
Tracklayers	
Tracklayers Helpers
Motormen 	
Drivers
Parting Boys     $2.50 and
Greasers    „	
Trappers  „	
Rope Riders 	
Locomotive Engineers	
Hoist Men, on development work
Cagers  _	
Inside labor, not specified 	
Pump Men  ,	
Boys working on hoistB,   except
on main and auxiliary slopes
Outalde Mine-
Main Hoist Engineers 	
Power Plant Enginoers 	
Compressor Engineers 	
Development Engineers 	
Electricians (first class), in and
around mine	
Electriciaas   (second   class),   in
and around mino 	
Machinists (first class)   in  and
around mine	
Machinists (second class), in and
around mine ...— 	
Electricians'    and    Machinists'
Helpers 	
Fireman   	
Cagers 	
Cagers' Helpers 	
Teamsters 	
Greasers  	
Couplers   	
Carpenters, first	
Carpenters, second .....	
Car Repairers 	
Screeners (men) 	
Soreeners (boys) ...
Dumper
4.49
3.80
4.00
4.00
3.00
2.45
2.20
4.00
4.00
3.80
4.00
3.10
$4.25
4.10
4.05
3.75
4.30
4.00
4.30
4.00
3.60
3.05
... 3.75
.. 3.35
.. 3.50
.. 2.05
.. 2.20
.. 4.30
.. 3.80
.. 3.50
.. 3.00
.. 2.40
.. 3.35
.. 4.30
.. 4.00
.. 3.50
.. 3.50
.. 3.00
.. 2.40
.. 3.25
Beap Where Union Sows.
Now, wouldn't that jar yout After
wasting all that effort on eulogizing
the Czars of Nanaimo for being so
kind-hearted, to find that their hand
has been forced by a bunch of union
men in the state of Washington 1 Of
course, the mine owners in Washington
can afford to lead the way, as their
coal sella from 41.00 to 41.50 per ton
less than the Britiah Columbia coal.
The reaaon that the companies on Vancouver Island are lagging bohlnd the
state of Washington, is because there
are many men ovor here from Washington and aro likely to go back again.
I \Tondor what the men of Nanaimo
are thinking (if they ever do think)
when they find that the men in Washington have negotiated an increase of
wagos for them. It is high time they
took a tumble to themselves and got
on the band wagon. They are a will*
ing bunch, alright, and as long as any*
body is willing to flght for decent conditions they are willing to let thom.
They are willing to read a labor paper,
as long as somebody else pays for it.
They would sooner pay good money for
a capitalist sheet.
Blacksmith, first 	
Blacksmith, second  	
Blacksmith Helpers	
Choppers 	
Moving picking table (men) ..
Moving picking table (boys)
Outside labor	
WHY YOU SHOULD
JOIN THE UNION
Because it tends to raise wages. This
is preven by all sorts of evidence.
Beeause it prevents a reduction in
wages; reductions rarely come to well'
organized labor.
Because it aids in getting shorter
hours. Ask the union men who are
working eight houn, or less; they can
prove it.
Because it places labor where it must
be respectod. Power wins respect from
omployers as from all men.
Because it gives the workingman self-
reliance.
Because it develops fraternity. Craftsmen are all too jealous of aid suspicious
" one anothor even nt best.
Because it is a good investment. No
othor investment gives back so large a
return for expenditure of time and
money.
Becuuso it makes thinkers. Men need
to rub intellects together in matters of
aomnion canters.
Because it enlarges acqsaintance. The
world u too restricted for wage-earners.
Because it touches co-operation. When
labore.ru cooperate they will own the
earth.
Because it makes the jeh a bwtter one.
The bully foreman can't bully ths uaion
sard.
A pleasant surprise awaits you
if you go to the      '
Orpheum
CAFE
for your meals.   A joy to
travellers.
The Pick of the Market.
Charges Moderate
762 OBANVILLE STREET
Opposite the Orpheum Theatre
SPENCER'S HEADQUARTERS
Work Trousers for Men
There are no tougher or more durable Trousers than these. The man
on the ranch, the prospector, excavator—all men engaged in rough work
that calls for clothes of exceptional durability, .will find these trousers
all they could desire. Well cut, thoroughly stitched asd equipped with
a full complement of pockets. All sizes.
COBDUBOT   „......„ »M0
COTTON WHIPCOBD .
KHAKI DBILL .
OBEY STRIPED COTTONADE PANTS .
  18.86
12.00 and 12.25
 22.25
MEN'S COTTONADE TROUSERS for $1.75
One of the most durable trousers manufactured. Comes in a neat grey
with black stripe.   Cannot be beaten by any work trouser.   All sizes.
MEN'S WORK GLOVES OF ALL KINDS
A* well-selected stock here that gives a man all the choice he eould
wish and the very best values possible in the present state of the market.
COTTON TWILL OLOVES, with knit wrists, 2 pars, 26e; pair.—   Ue
HEAVY COTTON OLOVES, Heece-llned, pair. :.   HOC
HEAVY COTTON OLOVES, with gauntlet wrists    25e
OBEY CANVAS OLOVES; with mule palm and fingers    Mc
ALLLEATHEB OLOVES, with pigskin palm    78c
ALL-CHBOME OLOVES   76c
HEAVY MULE8KJN OLOVE   11.00
OHBOME OLOVE WITH HOBSEHIDE PALM, nothing like it in the
trade for   ! 11.00
BUCKSKIN OLOVE, warranted genuine, for sterling wear. 1155
STRAIGHT HOBSEHIDE OLOV&  11.60
HOBSEHIDE GAUNTLET OLOVES at.—.21.00, 11.26, 11.60 and 11.76
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
Miners and
Prospectors
who have copper properties worth
while, can be placed ln touch with
aetual buyers if they will send
full particulars to DBAWEB t,
0|o B. O. PEDEBATIONIST,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. O.
g^iB^^W
COfWUMT aTMDI HJUW BMWFtWO ltO»
Voto aialnst prohibition! Demand per-
> lonal liberty in chooiin* whit 70a will drink,
I Ask for this Label when purchaifnf Beer,
Ale or Porter, u a guarantee that lt le Union
Made. This li onr Label
Don't let your
teeth go out "on strike"
AS workingmen you know that proper treatment by your
employers is essential to good work.  If they don't give
you a "square deal" you go on strike.
Give Your Teeth a "Square Deal"
THEY work for you. Your health depends on their being
in proper condition. If you neglect them, they'll go on a
strike, and you will suffer pain and your general health will
suffer.
Let me examine your teeth. In a few moments I can WU
you Just what should he done to put tbam ln such order aa
will give them tbe "square deal" 70a expect from your employer.
Tor at ben.lt ot
worUngnwi. my of.
lee Is op.n Tuaidar
and Friday avanlnn.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bridge Specialist
602 HASTINOS STBEET
Oor. Seymour.
nana Sey. IMi
Tea eaa arraaia fer
aa anointment fer
axaalaatlM ty
Dependable Paints
—FOB—
Spring Painting
We solicit four paint orders for yonr
Spring Painting. Our itock of paints,
brushes, emanels, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
HUNTER-HENDERSON PAINT CO.
642 OBANTOLB STBBBT
10 SUB. GARBSS10, PAY FOR WHEN SOLD
A Car of Proven
Quality
HE Ford car has been on the market
twelve years, surely long enough to
have proven its high quality. There
is nothing experimental about it.
Every part has stood the test of time
and proven its stability with hard service. No other car has ever approached the durability records of the Ford.
No matter what price you pay for a car you cannot get one
with a stauncher chassis. Government Laboratory tests have
shown that the different parts of the Ford car are superior to
those in any other car. Ford Vanadium steel has never been
equalled in strength.
We find that the skilled mechanic of today is as well able to
afford a car for his wife and family as the business man. Under
our Easy Payment plan you are enabled to pay for your car as
you ride. A telephone call will bring our representative to demonstrate the car to you.
FERGUSON-HIGMAN
MOTOR CO.
CANADA WEST GARAGE
Seymour 1717 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..June 22, 1917
Spiking
Hun Guns
Ranch
Potato Digger in Action at Basque Ranch
This famous ranch of 5000 acres is located on the main lines of
the C. P. R. and C. N. R., 190 miles east of Vancouver, in thc Ashcroft District. This ranch has private sidings on both lines of
railway* lt is fully equipped with machinery, horses, etc., and owns
its own irrigation system. In 1916 shipments of 54 carloads of
potatoes, beans, hogs and alfalfa were made. This year 500 acres
have been planted which should produce 100 carloads. The ranch
has been taken over as a going concern by Basque Ranch Limited,
a company incorporated in B. C, with an authorized capital of
$250,000, divided into 25,000 shares, par value $10 each.
Big Profits in Sheep
LOTTOS TO
It has been decided to go into sheep raising on a large scale and
at the same time increase by four-fold the production of potatoes,
.beans, hogs and alfalfa.   There are several hundred thousand acres           _..,  , ... _.. _„..
of magnificent summer range, including the Dominion Government IjjJ"* ?^JhflL!;"!.?.5.0™' t.™.0™."
Ha,t Creek Forest Reserve adjoining Basque. 	
Ten thousand shares of Treasury Stock will be sold at par, $10
eaeh, to secure $100,000 for this increased production plan. This
year's dividend estimated at 10 tier edit., next year's 20 per cent.,
then 30 per cent, and 40 per cent. Let us tell you more about this
safe, sane and patriotic investment that assures such large returns.
Call, write or telephone for maps, photos and other information.
Hammond & Findlay, Ltd.
Telephone Sey. 3525
Fiscal Agents
VANOOUVER, B. C.
509 Richards St.
The Annual
SPECIAL EDITION
-OF THE-
6.C. Federationist
will be issued on or about
LABOR  DAY
KEEP YOUR EYES OPEN FOR IT
ThiB special Labor Day edition will be the largest and most
comprehensive Labor publication ever attempted in the province.
It will contain a full outline of events in the Labor world of
British Columbia and Alberta throughout the past year, and an
authoritative statement as to the present situation in every line
of organized labor.
The field covered by the edition will be British Columbia in general. Special attention will, however, be
given to matters connected with the industrial field in
Vancouver, Victoria, New Westminster, Prince Rupert
and other great centres of population.
Applications for advertising space in this edition should bc
listed at an early date, in. order to secure publication.
Wake
TEN
SUB.
CARDS
$10
Up—It's not an Undertaker You Need
ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or more memben of any trades union in Canada may
ha»e THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $1 w.r year.
"Defensive" War.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I admire
the spirit of much of the letter, in vour
last issue, headed "Whnt Position
Must the Workingman Take With Regard to This World Catastrophe?" ami
signed "Observer." But, although I
have read the letter through more than
once, it is still not clear to mc at what
conclusion the writer does arrive regarding the question which he proposes.
It is not clear whether his conclusion is "Be men and exercise the
power with which you are gifted—be
firm, just and willing to sacrifice for
the good of all," or whether his conclusion is "if conscription passes," do
your "duty" and go to Frnnce. lt is
not clear whether my "share towards
the uplift of humanity," is to consist
in refusing to take "the life of a man
who, like myself, does not care for killing for the sake of killing, but would
rather save life than destroy it," or
whether it is to consist in sinking my
individual judgment, my human responsibility and dignity, nnd do my "duty"
becnuse the government decrees that
further slaughter is necessary in order
to save us from German domination.
I gather that the writer's natural instincts incline him to feel the war to be
n colossal crime against mankind nnd
the conduct of the possessing classes to
be scandalous, but that which reconciles bim to a continuance of the war
is fear of German domination. He believes that we are, directly or indirectly, defending ourselves ngninst German
domination. Now let me say that the
plea that this war or any particular
war is a war of defense is the one plea
that calls for more intellectual alertness on the part of the workingman
than does any other. It is before this
plea that the opposition of workingmen
to the war breaks down more frequently than before any other. Workingmen
see how scandalous is private profiteering; they see how little regard the ruling classes have for the workers except in so far as they serve as tools;
they know that war is the work of governments and not of peoples; they
know that the workingmen of Germany are their comrades and not their
enemies; they recognize how the autoc-
rncy of the ruling classes as exemplified by their secret diplomacy, one of
the chief factors in which was the desire to find fields in "undeveloped"
countries for the profitable investment
of dividend—greedy "surplus" capital,
was largely responsible for the condition of things which resulted iu the
outbreak of war; they know that the
slaughter of millions in a war such as
the world is experiencing todny is barbarous and revolting to human decency; they feel thnt, essentially, this
slaughter is unnecessary and futile;
nnd yet—they cannot refuse to take
part in it, becnuse the war is a war of
defense.
Be it known, then, that no war is
ever engaged in by any modern nation
without its being excused as defending
some essential national interest. The
plea, that a war is a wnr of defence is
alwnys mnde. Every single nation now
at war has proclaimed that its war is
one of defense. I don't know exactly
how our noble and unselfish allies, Italy
(allied with Germany when the war
began) and Roumanin, justify their
part in the wnr as being for defense,
but doubtless they do so justify it. We
may hardly agree to their claim in this
respect nnd may even be inclined to
look upon their entry into the war as
a result of unholy bargaining of their
governments.    But, then, we are able
I less detached point of view. It is more
' difficult to look at our own case from
such a point of view.
It may be urged that the practical
unanimity with which the war is regarded in England nnd in Cnnndn as
being a war of-defence is, to nil intents
ahd purposes, itself a proof that the
war is a defensive one. But, beware
of unanimity in war time! The gregarious instinct is a terrible thing in
war time and leads, not only to the
loosening and intensification of evil
passions (hatred, etc.), but to a falsification of judgment; indeed, with the
majority of men, to the total disappearance of all pretense at fair and reasoned judgments, which is perhaps the
most deplorable evil of all.
Germany, also, believes that she is
fighting in self defense. American observers who were in Germany in the
early days of the war reported thnt the
whole German people firmly believed
that it was fighting in self-defense.
We, presumably, think that the Germans nre wrong in this belief, despite
the fact that they are unanimous in it.
Then, surely, this very circumstance
should make us much more dubious of
accepting the unanimity of the British
belief, that the wnr is one of defense,
as proof of the truth of that belief.
Does any one here believe that the
United States is in any reasonable
sense of the terms, fighting a war of
self-defense f And yet it iB now declared in all American papers that tbis
is a war of self-defense for the
United States; and it can be prophesied with perfect confidence that not
many months will have to elapse before
almost every American will accept it
as a dogma, which it would be absurd
to question, tbat his country is fighting
in self-defense. It is, of course, a little
more difficult for the Americans to
come to the point when they can accept
it as a dogma that they are fighting
in order to protect their land from invasion thnn it was for the Germans nnd
the French to accept a similar belief.
In the case of both, the Germans und
the French, tbere actually was a hostile
army on the other side of the frontier.
But, iu the case of America, before
war was declared on Germany, there
was no question whatever of Germans
invading America; and, in point of
fact, Germany has to date even refused
to recognize that there is any war between America and herself, nnd, except for the incidental sinking of
American ships which nttempted to run
the German blockade, haB not mnde any
hostile movements against America.
The argument to which the American
rulers and journalists have to resort in
order to excuse the war as one of self-
defense is thot Germany may possibly
thc future attack the United Htntes
and, therefore, that the latter must
take the opportunity of weakening Germany now. Tbis is the principle of the
preventive war. We regard a certnin
nation as » rival; we think that her development may in the future endanger
ur position; therefore, let us attack
her now wben we think the conditions
favorable, ho that wc shall not run thc
risk of having to fight her later under
less favorable conditions.
You can, on these lines, if you choose
by taking a long viow, justify any war
as a war of defense. Your statesmen,
n their farseeing wisdom, are looking
lo thc future; they declare that this or
that other co.mtry intends to attack
you  when  its hour is ripe  (following
thereby the principle commended by
that idol of the British public, Lord
Roberts); therefore, prevent this by
fighting them now.
The high-souled diplomats of America
and the Allies a few weeks ago conceived the idea that the Russian fighting lines could be strengthened if
Japanese troops were sent to Russia.
This elegant scheme was hinted at in
thc papers for several days aud then
there appeared a message from Washington stating "that a large body of
Jnpanese troops (Bome 30(1,1)00) was to
bo sent to the Russian front and saying with perfect solemnity that this
would be quite justifiable as a defensive measure on the pnrt of Japan,
since its object would be to prevent
Germany from extending her power to
ths Far East (China) and thus threatening Japan's security! Japan's war
of self-defense!
This scheme has since been dropped,
I believe. Possibly the price which
Japan asked from the allies for undertaking this defensive measure wns too
high.) In an extreme case such as this
the scandalous absurdities to which the
application of the doctrine of preventive war can lead, are patent to all.
There is no doubt that the present
war can, for Great Britain, be justified
as n war of defense only by employing
the idea of preventive war. Neither
Great Britain, nor any pnrt of the
British Empire was immediately threatened with invasion. The motive which
led the British Government into the
wnr was the desire to prevent Germany from securing a position of sufficient importance in international relations to threaten our supremacy.
'' Observer'' describes the German
state as "the outcome of its scientific
businoss system, the weakest to the
wall, until the controlling influence
gets into the hands of a few who count
it glory to see hundreds of thousands
slain in order to add a few ncres to
their country or a few dollars to their
purse." I think that most renders of
the B. C. Federationist would think
this a pretty fair description of the
British state and of'the French state,
of British Imperialism and of French
Imperialism. It wns the controlling influence of the few That inspired the
secret diplomacy whtth led to this war.
The Gertnans are, wc know, "Huns,"
"lepers," "cobras/' (the last is
Northcliffe's newest term); but, nevertheless, let us make some effort to be
fair-minded and rid ourselveB of cant.
The conduct of the Gorman government
nt the close of July, 1914, when, with
n reckless disregard for European pence
which it would be difficult sufficiently
to condemn, stood, in shining armor, beside Austria, was not essentially different in principle nmj spirit from the
conduct of the British government at
the time of the Agndir crisis in 1011.
In 1911 Grent Britain ranged herself
nlongside of France and risked a European wnr; in 1914 Germany stood beside Austria and risked n European
war. In 1911, as it happened, Germany
climbed down concerning Morocco and
a Europenn wat was averted; in 1014,
as it happened, Riusia did not climb
down concerning Serbia and n European war occurred. Certainly the circumstances were such that Germany's
conduct in 1914 was perhaps more criminally reckless tban England's in 1911,
but in principle, it was similar, and we
need not trouble to enquire too closely
ns to the relative degrees of guilty
recklessness in risking a European wnr.
And it should "he wted, the Agadir
incident, thanks to the resentment and
ill-feeling which it rnised in Germany
nnd to other of its effects, contributed
more than any other single event to
producing that inflamed condition of
the internntionnl relations of Europe
which culminated in the war.
If the idea of preventive wnr is
nccepted as a principle by which it is
held justifiable for a nation to fight
now, although not actually attacked, in
order to prevent future possibilities, it
will, I think, be found thnt almost any
war can be represented as being n war
of defence. To divide war into offensive nnd defensive, and to declare that
all citizens are called upon to support
at all events the latter, seems nt first
sight, a very simple principle on which
to proceed, but, in fnct, as I have tried
to indicate, it iB a principle, which is
entirely lacking in definiteness. The
case of the present war should alone
be sufficient to mnke this clear. All
the belligerents are firmly convinced
thnt thoy are fighting in defense of
some essential national interest.
On what principle, then, ore we to
take our stand? We must tnke it
simply on a man's right to follow his
individual judgment as to whether he
will answer a cnll to arms. I would
like to pursue this theme, but already
this letter is very long. I may hope,
however, with your permission, to go
into it further in your next issue.
G. S. W.
Vancouver, June 17, 1917.
[No more letters of this length will
be nccepted on nny subject.—Editor
Federationist.]
VANCOUVER UNIONS
j TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
t first   tnd   third -Thursdays.    Executive
i botrd i James H. McVety, president; Fred A.
Hoover, vice-president; Victor K. Midgley,
general iecretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
j Knowles, treasurer; VV. Ii. Cotterill, statist!-
i clan; sergeant-at-arms, Oeorge Harrison; A.
| J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, F. Haigh, trus-
■ tees.
ALLIED PRINTING  TRADES COUNCIL—
Meets   second   Monday   in   the   month.
President,  J.   McKinnon;   secretary,   R.   H.
■NeelondB, P. 0. Box 86 	
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 676.—Office,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets first
Sunday of euch month. President, James
Campbell; financial secretary, J. Smith, 610
Holden Bldg.; Box 424; i>hone Sey. 2572;
recording secretary, Wm. MotUshaw, Globe
Hotel, Main stteet.  "'-
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION-
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th TWdays in the montb,
Room 205 Labor Temple. President. L. E.
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 1671 Alberni
street.
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS, NO. 1—
Meet 2nd and 4th Wednesdays, 6 p.m.,
Room 807. President, Chas. F. Smith; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 68;
financial secretary, W. J. Pipes.	
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—MeetB first and third
Wednesday of each month, Room 302, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, A. Sykes; secre-
tary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 17118 Fourth
avenue west. '
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meets
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A, Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenne weat;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
OPERATING ENGINEERS — Local No.
620. Meets overy Thursday, 7.30 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, William Walker; vice-
president, J. R. Flynn; secretary-treasurer,
W. A, Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7495.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THE
Pacific—Meeta at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday,  7 p.m,    Russell Kearley,  busineu
agent. t
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 218
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell itreet; recording secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple; financial
secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local as-52—Office and ball,
804 Pender street east. MeetB every Thursday 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F..Chapman;
business agent, J. Mahone.
MACHINISTS, NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President, Wm, Small; recording seoretary, J.
Brooks; financial secretary, J. H. MoVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7485.
MOVING    PICTURE    MACHINE    OPERA-
tors' Union, Local 848, I, A. T. S. E. A
M. P. M. O.—Meets first Sanday of eacl
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President
J. R. Foster; business agent, 8am Haigh.
financial and corresponding secretary, O. A.
Hansen, P. O. Box 345.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays.
Room 204, Labor Temple. President. Ruy
MeDougall, 1928 Grunt street: iinnncini eecretary, J. Lyons. 1548 Venables street; re-
1 cording secretary, E. Went more In ml. H247 Pt.
Grey road.    Phone  Bayvlew 2079L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS—Local No.
138—Meets second an fourth Thursdays
of each month, room 303. Labor Temple.
President. John McNeil; financial secretary,
Geo. H. Weston; recording secretary, Jas.
Wllscn, room 303, Labor Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 6 p.m. President, J. Hubble;
vice-president, E. S. Cleveland; recording sec,
tary,  A.  V.  Lofting,   2561   Trinity   street,
Chone Highland 168R; financial secretary and
usiness agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
drive, office corner Prior and Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
flrst Monday in each month,* 8 p.m. Pretident, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, Miss
H, Gutteridge; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 508; flnanolal secretary, T.
Wood, P. Q. Box 503.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—Meets
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m
Prenidepl, W. S. Armstrontt; vice-president,
R. G. Marshall; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelnnds, P. 0. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
CIRCULATION
REFLECTIONS
The Deep Sen Fishermen's Union
this week inerenses it subscription list
for The Fed. from 1(1 to 200, going to
all points along the Pacific coast,
Victoria Kodgc, I. A. of M., 45H,
sends along $75 in real money on account of 150 new renders for The Fed.,
beginning this weefc.
A net incrense of over 700 during
the post week is some record, one thnt
is most fully npprecintod by "the man
who pnys the printer,"
The circulation of The Fed. has been
more thnn doubled since tbe Revelstoke
convention of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, lust January'. If the unions of
B. C, would only mnke it .mtinimous, by
subscribing nt once in n body, pnying
nt thc convenience of tbe union, the
web-press would soon be a reality nnd
the cost of production a little less. In
fact, a daily paper would be possible
if the trade unionists wo aid just make
up their minds to first of all establish
n big, healthy weekly.
How do you like the old-lime eight*
page Federationist f Why not make it
twelve f
Tell our advertisers about their patronage of your j paper. Costs little;
helps a lot.
The Metal Trndes Council broke a
lot of new ground for The Fed. during
the recent Coughlnn strike, by the
thorough distribution of 5000 copies of
nn "extra" strike bulletin. Oood results hnve followed among the shipbuilding tradesmen.
The miners of (South Wellington, V,
I., bave taken no less than 2250 extra
copies for distribution d.iring the past
month or iwo. They find Thc Fed. is
good medicine for increnidng their
union membership and a tonic for those
already in harness. The idea may be
worth something.
Ten sub. cards for $10; pay when
no]*!.   Order ten today.
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU if
annual convention In January. Exeoativi
officers, 1917-18: President, J. Naylor, Box
415, Cumberland: vice-presidents—Vanconver: Jai. H. McVety, V. R. Mldgley, Ubor
Temple. Victoria: J. Taylor, Box 1815. Vancouver Island: W. Head, South Wellington.
Prince Rnpert: W. E. Thompson, Box 604.
New Westminster: W. Tates, 006 London
itreet. Kootenay District: A. Goodwin, Box
26, Trail. Crows Nest Valley: W. 3. Phillips, 176 McPherson avenue. Seeretary
treasurer: A. S. Wells, Box 1538, Victoria,
B.O.
VICTORIA, B. Ov
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meets flrst and third Wedneaday,
Labor Hall. 1424 Government street, at 6
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president. Christian Slverti, 1278 Den-
man street; secretary, B. Simmons, Bos 802,
Victoria, B. O.
WW WBSTMPIBTBR. B. O.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America.  local  764,  New  Westminster
Meets second Sunday of eaeh month st 1*90
p.m.   Secretary, F. w, Jameson, Box 406.
______ RUPERT. 8. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Couneil—Meeta second and fouith Tuesdays of each month. In Carpenters' hall. President, 8. D. Macdonald; aeeretary, J. J
Anderson, Box 278, Prince Rnpert, B. C.
BUSINESS AGENT DIRECTORY
Ask for Labor Temple 'Pbone Exchange,
Seymonr 7406 (unless otherwise stated).
Boilermakers—J. H.  Carmichael,  212  Labor
Temple.
Brotherhood   of   Carpenters,   No.   617—Jas.
Roblson, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpentera, No. 2647—P. L.
Barratt, Room 208.
Civio Employees—V. R. Midgley, Room 210.
Electrical  Workeri—_. H.  Morrison,  Room
207.    Sey. 3510.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear*
ley, 487 Qore avenne.    Offloe phone,  Sey
incur 4704; residence, Highland 1344L.
Longshoremen's Aiioclatlon—J.  Mahone,  10
Powell itreet; phone Sey. 8850.
Musicians—E, A,  Jamieson, Room  305,
Painters—H. Grand, Room 303.
Pile   Drivers   ana   Wooden   Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides.
PluinberB—J.   Cowley,   Room   208%'.      Sey.
3611.
Sailors—W. S. Burni, 218 Hastlngi street
weat.     Sey.   8708.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor, Main and Prior, Phone exchange
Seymour 5000. Residence, Fairmont 541K.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 208.
LOCAL TRADES UNION DIRECTORY
Allied Printing Trades Oouncll—R. H. Neelands, Box 80.
Barbers—S. H. Orant, 1801 Seventh avenue
west. \
Bartenders—W. H. Smith, Box 424,
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill, B.
O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowfieroy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser,  1151 Howe street.
Boot add Shoe Workera —Tom Cory, 182
Teinpleton drive.
Brewery Workers—A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1,
1738 Fourth Ave. West.
Bricklayers—William 6. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters Dlitrlet Council
—O. H. Page, Room 208, Lahor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Harwood meet. Seymour
1848R
Brotherhood ot Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1285 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen-
Brotherhood of Malntenance-of-Way Employeea— E. Corado, 288 Clark drive.
Building Trades Council—Victor R. Mldgley,
Room 210, Lahor Temple.
Clgarmakers—R. Craig, eare Tan Loo Cigar
Factory, Georgia street.
City FIremen'a Union—Syd. Jackson, No. 2
Fire Hall, Seymonr etreet.
Civic Employees—G. Harrison, 1428 Kitchener etreet.
Cooks, Watten, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen*! Union—Ruiiell Kearley, 437 Gore avenne.
Electrical Workeri—E. H, Morriion, Room
207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Hotel.
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardine, Labor Temple.
Hod Carriers and Building Laborers—Labor
Temple
Lathers—J. Leighton, Holdon Building, Hastings utreel east.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue west.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Temple.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 867 Twentieth
avenue east.
Musicians—E. J. Jamieson, Room 305, Labor
Temple.
Holders—G. F. Nichols, 121 Sixth avenue
west.
Moving Picture Operators—A. A. Hansen, P.
0. Box 845.
Order of Railroad Conductor*,—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty street.
Pninters—Jai. Wilson, Room 809, Labor
Temple,
Plumbers — Room 208%, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pile Di-ivers and Wooden Cridgemen—W.
Eastman, P. 0. Box 820.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 2276 Fourteen Ave.
west.    Bayvlew 2215L.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Weetnore-
land, 3247 Pt. Grey Road.
Retail Clerks' Association—Albert CroESilng,
683 Hamilton street.
Seamen's Union—W. S. Burni, P. 0. Box
1886.
Structural Iron Workers—Roy Massecar,
Room 208, Labor Temple.
Stonecutters—
Sheet Metal Workera—J, W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W. Hardy, 445
2I!rd Street West, North Vancouver, B. C.
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—Chas, Feree,
95 Powell street.
Street Railway Employees—A. V. Lofting,
2561 Trinity street.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, eare Provlnee.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 842.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 603.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Gee. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers ind Helpers—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenne east.
Tradea and Labor Couneil—Victor R. Midgley, Room 210. Labor Temple,
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 16.
SECRETARIES OP TRADES AND
LABOR COUNCILS XV CANADA
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. X.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872. U. M. W. OF A.—
Meeti second and fourth Sunday of eaeh
month, at 8.80 p.m., Richards Hall. Preaident. Walter Bead; vice-president, Wn. I ven:
recording seoretary. Jai, Bateman; financial
secretary, S. Portray; treasurer, J. B. Richardson.
SYNOPSIS Or COAL WINING REGULATIONS.
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saakatcbewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and In a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one yeara renewal for a further term
uf 21 years at an annual rental of 81 an acre.
Not more than 2,560 acres will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the dlstriot In which tbe rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land mnst be dee*
scribed by sections, or legal eub-dlvlilons of
■ections, and In un surveyed territory the
tract applied for aball be ataked ont by the
applicant hlmielf.   *
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of 86 which will be refunded If tht.
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on tbe
merchantable output o'f the mine at tbe rate
of five cents per ton,
Tho person operating tbe mine shall fnr-
nUh the Ageni with sworn returns accounting
for tbe full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the
coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will include the coal mlnlnpr
rights only, rescluded by Chap. 27 of 45
George V. assented to 12tb June, 1014.
For full Information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
tbe Interior, Ottewa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W, CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of *Jiie advert iiementjvilljiot ba paid for.—f'676.
OBQARIMD  LABOR  COMPANIM.
B. 0. FEDERATIONIST, UMITEl*—Meet*
at eai) of president. Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. 0. Dlrecton: James Campbell,
president; J. H. McVety, secretary-treasurer;
J. Naylor and A. S. Wells. R- Parm
Pettipiece, managing dlreotor. Room 817,
Lsbor Temple.    Telephone Seymour 7495.
Britiah Columbia.
Cranbrook Tradei and Labor Council—Secretary, F. McKenna, Watt avenue.
Nelson Trades and Labor Council—F. Peserll,
Box 674.
New Westminster Tradea and Labor Council
—W. Yates, Box 1021.
Prince Rupert Trades and Labor Council-
Geo. Waddell, Box 452.
Revelstoke Trades and Labor Council—Phil
Parker, Box 468.
Vancouver Tradei and Labor Council—Victor R. Midgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Victoria   Trades   and   Labor   Council—Ben
Simmons, Box 302.
Albans.
Calgary Trades and Labor Counoll—J.   E.
Young, Box 1404.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor  Council—A,
Farmilo. Box 1493.
Lethbrldge  Trades and  Labor Council—B.
Morris, 226—14th street north.
Medicine Hat Tradei aud Labor Council,—
B. W. Bellamy, Box 765.
Saskatchewan.
Moose Jaw Trades and Labor Council—R.
H. Chadwick, Box 1917.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—H
D. Davis, 576—6th St.'8.
Regina   Trades   and   Labor  .Council—John
Hobson, Labor Temple, Osier Street.
Saskatoon Tradei and Labor Council—J. XX
Wallace, 212—81st St. W.
Manitoba.
Transcona Trades and Labor Council—John
Weir, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council—R. A
Rigg, M. P. P., Room 14, Laber Temple.
Ontario.
Brantford Tradea and Labor Council—A. G.
Brown,  R. R, No.  5.
Fort William Trades and Labor Council—8.
P. Speed, 610 N. Brodie fit.
Guelph    Tradea    and Labor Couneil—Thos.
Hall, 80 Kathleen street.
Hamilton Tradea and Labor Council—W. R.
Rollo,  Box  823.
Kingston Trades and Labor Council—W. J.
Driscoll, 112 LoTer Bagot atreet.
Kitchener   Tradee   and   Labor   Couneil—U.
Strub, Weber Apartments, Young Bt.
London Tradea and Labor Council—J. Cummlngs, 7 Adelaide Bt., Chelsea Green.
Niagara Falls Tradei and Labor Council—D.
Wagner, 619 Ferry atreet,
Ottawa Allied Tradee and Labor Association
—W. Lodge, Box 61.
Port Arthur Tradei and Labor Connell—A.
F.  Manchee,  116 Jean St.
Peterborough Tradee and Labor Ceuncll—W.
M. Stevens, 306 Brock itreet.
Sault Ste Marie and Steelton Trades Council—J. Ramshaw, Sault Ste. Marie.
South Waterloo Tradea Council—A. Cralgen,
24 East Street, Gait,
St. Catharines Tradei and Labor Council—
F, Cook, 67 Geneva street.
St.  Thomas Tradei and Labor CouncU—A.
R. Robertson, 124 Redan street.
Toronto    Dlitrlet * Labor  Council—T.     A.
Stevenson, 24 Hatelwood avenue.
Welland   Tradei   and   Labor   Council—W.
Powrie,   Box  28.
Windsor Trades and Labor Council—Harold
Clarke, 94 Howard avenue.
Quebec.
Montreal Trades  and    Labor    Council—G.
Francq, 2 St. Paul St. East.
Quebec and Levis Trades Council—President,
J. M. Walsh, 4 Cremasie Street, Quebec.
St. Jean Trades and Labor Council—George
Smith, Box 495.
New Brunswick.
St. John Tradee aud Labor Couneil—John
Kemp, 829 Main etreet.
Nova Scotia.
Amherst Tradee and Labor Council—Thos.
Carr, Box 981.
Halifax Tradei and Labor Counoll—Robert
Miller, 57 Almon atreet.
Plctou County Tradei and Labor Council—
A. M. De voursney, Box 1567 New Glasgow, N. B.
Sydney Tradee and Labor Council—J. A, Mclntyre, 80 Louisa street.
LIST OP UNIONS AFFILIATED WITB
THE  B.  0.  FEDERATION   OF LABOB
Barbers—Cranbrook—A.   H.   Bullock,   Oran-
brook, B. 0.
Blacksmith!—Bevelstoke—Jas. M. Goble, Y.
M. 0. A. Box, Revelstoke, B. 0.
Brewery   Workers—Vancouver—M.   0.  Austin, 782 7th avenue east, Vancouver, B. C.
Barbers—Victoria—G. W. Wood, 1807 Gov-
,    ernment st/eet, Victoria. B. 0. ■
Boiler Makers—Victoria,  A.  Stewart, P. 0.
I    Box 48. Beaumont. P. 0„ B. 0.
: Bookbinders—Victoria — E.    Sturgeon,    141*
Eberts itreet, Victoria, B. 0.
Bookbinders—"Vancouver—W.  H.  Cowderay,
I     1885 34th avenue eaat, Vanconver, B. 0.   ■
Brewery   Workers—New   TVestminster—Jas.
A. Munday, 834 Columbia street east, New
Westmlnater. B. 0.
Brewery   Workers — Vietoria—A.   Morgan,
Labor Temple, Viotorla.
Boiler Makers—Revelstoke—G. W. Edwards.
P. 0. Box 138, Revelstoke, B. 0.
U.    B.    Carpenters — Victoria — Seeretary,
Labor HaU, Victoria, B. C.
A. S.  U. B.  Carpenters—Victoria—J. Ley,
P, 0. Box 770, Victoria, B. C.
U. B. Carpenters—Prince Rupert—F. Salter.
P. 0. Box 694, Prince Rupert, B, 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—Robt. Jardine, P.
0. Box 1006, Nelson, B. C.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—G. Fraier, P. 0.
Box 254, Nelson, B. 0.
U.  B.  Carpenters—Trail—F.  CanneU, Trail,
B. 0.
Cigarmakers—Vancouver—B. B.  Craig, 418
Georgia street west, Vancouver, B. C.
Civio Employees—G. Harrison, 1483 IKtchcn-
er street.
Eloctrical Workera—Vancouver—B. H. Mor-,
rison, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Electrical Workers—Prince Rupert—S. Mas-
soy, P. 0. Box 044, Prince Rupert, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Victoria—W.  Reld,  636*
Cecilia road, Victoria, B, 0,     '
Fish Packers—Prince Bupert—Secretary, F.
W. Grlmble, P. 0. Box 1586.
Garment   Workers—Vancouver—Mrs.   Helen
Jardine, Labor Temple.
Laborers—Victoria—T. Liddard, 1088 Queens
avenue.
Letter  Carriers—Victoria—C.  Siverts,  1278
Denman street, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Victoria—Frank  Varney,  P.
0. Box 1816, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos. Nixon,  10
Powell street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Longahoremen—Prince Rupert—F. Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 681, Prince Rnpert, B, 0.
| Moving   Picture   Operators—Vancouver—B.
C. Roddan, 2647 McKenzie atreet, Vancouver, B. 0.
Machinists—Vancouver—J. B. McVety, Labor
Temple, Vancouver,  B. C.
Machinists—New Westminster—J. M. Belli-
sen, 711 Foarth avenue.
Machinists—Revelstoke—Phil. Parker, Reve)-
etoke.
Machinists—Cranbrook—W. Henderson, P. 0.
Box 627.
Machinists—Victoria—R.   B.   Scholes,   2720
Fifth itreet.
Moulders—Vietoria—J. Dak ers, P. 0. Box
127.
Moulders—Vaneonver—W.   B.   Cooke,   661
,    Sixth avenne east, Vaneonver, B. C.
Painters—Victoria—J. Beckett, Labor   Ball,
I    Victoria.
Paper   Makers—Powell   River—J,   E.   Me
Grath, Powell River, B. C.
Pattern Makers—Victoria—Geo. T,  Hurray,
1141 Oacar street, Victoria, B. C.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouver—E.   Westmoreland, 1512 Yew street, Vancouver. B. 0.
Plumbers—Vancouvor—H. Mundell, P. 0. Box
1131, Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Victoria—J, Fox, Labor Temple.
Victoria, B. 0.
Retail Clerks—Prince Rupert—Secretary, J.
M, Jones, P. 0, Box 1640.
Bro.  Railway   Carmen—Vlcoria—E.  Polling,
316 Jessie street, Victoria.
Bro.    Railway    Carmen—Revelstoke—Harry
Parsons. Revelstoke, B. C.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Nelson—0. H. Phillips, P. 0. Box 908, Nelson, B. C.
Sheet   Metal   Workers—Victoria—G.   Kreb-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenue, Victoria, B.C.
Steam and Operating Engineers—W, A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Steam Engineers—Victoria—J. Aymer, P. 0.
Box 92, Victoria, B. C.
Steam Wigineers—Prince Rupert—Secretary,
F. W. Chandler, P. 0. Box 720.
Stage  Employees—Victoria—L.  D.  Foxgord,
1330 Grant street.
Street   Railway   Employees—Victoria—R.  A.
C. Dewar,  1287 Johnson atreet, Victoria,
B. C.
Street Bailway Employees—New Westminster—906 London street, New Westminster, B. 0.
Teamsters1' Union—Rossland—Secretary, B.
Morrish, P. 0. Box 563.
Teamsters' Union—Fernle—E. Paterson, P.
0. Box 681. Fernle, B. C.
Trades Council—Vancouver—V. R, Midgley,
Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Trades Council—Victoria—B. Simmons, P. 0.
*     Box 302, Vietoria, B. C.
Trades    Council —New    Westminster — W.
I    Yates, 906 London street, New Westminster, B. 0.
Tailors—Victoria—E. C. Christopher, P. O.
Box 887, Victoria, B. 0.
Tile Layers—Victoria—T. King, P. 0. Box
1212, Vlotoria, B. C.
Typographical Union—Prince Rnpert—A. O.
Franks, P. 0. Box 1021, Prince Rupert,
B. 0
pographical  Union—Vernon—W.  fi.  Ell-
Jiard, Vernon, B. 0,
Trade" Council — Prince Rupert — W. B.
Thompson, P. 0, Box 158, Prince Rupert,
B. 0.
United Mine Workers—J. Naylor, Box 880,
Cumberland, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—H. Beard, Michel, B.
United Mine Workers—Thoi. France, Drawer
829, Fernie, B. C.
United Mine Workere—A. McLellan, Nanalmo, B. 0., Jingle Pot Mine.
United Mine Workers—Geo. Gold, LadysmltD,
B.O.
United Mine Workers—A. Dean, P. 0, Bo>
766. Nanalmo. B. 0.
United Mine Workeri — Jamee Bateman,
South Wellington, B. C.
United Mine Workers—Brnnno Kaarro, Sointula. B. 0.
Metalliferous Minera and Smelter Workera'
Union—
W. B. Molsaae, P. 0. Box 506, Ymlr, B. C.
W. A. Mowlds. P. 0. Box 27. Stewart. B.O.
Albert Goodwin, P. 0. Box 26, Trail, B. C.
P. J. McKinnon, VanAnda. B. 0.
H. MeKensle, Box K, Sandon, B. C.
F. Leibieher, Silverton. B. 0.
W. Smith, P. 0. Box 204, Phoenix. B. C
G. 0. Marshall, P. 0. Box 421, Rossland,
B. 0. 4
RoyBurch. Moyle, B, C.
D. Wiseman, Kimberley, B. 0.
W. Grewei, P. O. Box 375, Hedley, B. 0. -
Marcus Martin, P. 0. Box 100,  Nelson,
B. 0.
W. Lakeland, P. 0. Box 124, Greenwood,,
B. 0.
rii\
offmbbs or tbe American federation 0P LABOR
President—Samuel Gompers. Washington, D.
0.; Clgarmakers International anion.
First vice-president—James Dunean, Quincy,
Mais,; Granite Cutters' International
anion.
Second vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. 0.; International Association of Machinists.
Third vice-president—W. D. Mahon, Chicago,
III.. Street Railway Employees' union.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati: Molders' anion of North
America.
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'unbers.
Blxth vice-president—B. B. Perham, Bt.
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphera.
Beventh vice-president—Frank Daffy, Indianapolis; United Brotherhood of Carpenten.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workeri.
Treasurer—John B. Lennon, Bloomington,
111.: Journeymen Tallore of North America.
Secretary*—Frank Morrison, Washington, D,
C.; International Typographical union.
FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE BODY
TRADES AND LAHOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—MeeU In eonvention September of
eaeb year. Executive board: Jas, 0. Watten,
president; vice-presidents: A. Watchman, Victoria, B. C; James Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg. Man.: secretary-treasurer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 611, Ottawa, Ont.
TO FEDERATIONIST
SUBSCRIBERS:
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals are made.
The address label on your
paper carries the date to which
your subscription Is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
offloe, tbe correct change in
your label date Is not made,
notify us at onoe. When you
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send It to tbls ofllce—not to
the other fellow. Thus you
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
a. pabm. raTiiraoi,
MutfU.
L»tior Tomple,
V.n»OT«r, B, C. *9"m
FRIDAY Jane 22,  1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
NOW  OPEN  FOR  BUSINESS
Wallace's "Marketaria"
WITH A BRAND NEW STOCK OF
FRESH   GROCERIES,   PROVISIONS,   FRUIT
FISH  AND  FRESH MEATS
It Is my Intention to save you from 15 to 30 per cent, on your weekly
food bill.
SPECIAL FREE OFFER
As an inducement to encourage your patronage I have decided
to give away absolutely
FREE—25 Brand New DOLLAR BILLS
Every 12th 3-lb. paokage of Tea displayed in my window contains a crisp dollar bill. The bills have been placed in the packets
at my request by the W. H. Malkin Co,, Ltd. Any person purchasing this Tea has an opportunity of winning n brand new bill
free of oil cost.
Space will not permit me to quote prices, but you can depend upon
getting better vnlue for leas money here, always.
Come enrly and try your luck on the. Tea.
Remember the Place:
Wallace's "Marketaria"
118  HASTINGS STREET WEST
Nearly. Opposite Woodward's Stores
UNION MADE HATS
THIS is the hat for YOU! The
tilt of its artistocratic brim
the height and shape of its modish crown, make it a thoroughbred among hats!
It will Took good, wear well
and feel line every day of its long
life.
In alt colors. Come in and try
one today.
Built to keep up the high reputation that "MALLORY"
Hats have always enpoyed, we
guarantee it will suit you.
Come in and try it onl Come
in today. We have it in many
shades and sizes.
Colquhoun & Ostrosser
Limited
EXCLUSIVE HATTERS
61 Hastings Street East
Winnipeg    Vancouver    Oalgary
"Made in B.C." BABY CARS
Let your child ride round in one of our "Made in
B, 0." Baby Oars.    Designed on scientific lines-
made by skilled workmen in our Vanoouver factory
Safe —comfortable for the little one, and perfectly bal*
Comfortable anced, so as to ensure maximum safety; clean and
Soluble sanitary—very moderately priced, because we do
Sanitary not have to pay duty, freight, war tax and storage
Neat tn charges on them,     English style cars are priced
Appearance from 919.75,
Moderate in Cost Collapsible  do-carts  and   Sulkies  at   moderate
prices.    (All the newest models).    Mail enquiries
promptly answered.   Write for our new illustrated
cutalogue.
G. S. SHAW & CO.
"SImw'i B.ljr Ctr,"
904 ROBSON IT., Vikhtii, 0». Cut H.u«
The Store of Saba Scintillates With Style
Saba Bros.
have enthusiastically entered into the spirit of the
week, and—determined to show Vancouver and environs that this city can more than compete with any
American or Eastern city—have put the following
diversified selection of bargains on sale—
Just for
Dollar Day
Japanese
Cotton Crepe
In white only, 30 ins. wide; reg.
25c j now  6 yds. II
Best qunlity,   white only;   reg.
50c und (We, now at 2'/s yd». tl
Habutia
Washing Silks
30 Inches wide; reg. 75c, 2 yds. 91
Eitra    heavy,   27 inches wide;
reg. $1.50, now, yd 91
Untearable quality; 30 ins. wide,
in all shades; reg. (1.25, now,
per yard  91
Silk Crepe Cotton Voile
30 ins. wide, heavy quality, in Finest qunlity white, plain or
nil shades; usually $1.25 ami figured; regularly 50c yard.
jil.25. Dollnr Day, yard  91 Snturdny 3 yds. 91
Ladies' Hose
811.K ANKI.K style, Itliick only; reg. 50c, new  4 pairs 81
PINE COTTON, black or white, reg. 40c, now  4 pairs 91
SILK 1.I81.E, line qunlity, full fashioned, black or whito; regular 75i*.
go now    2 pairs 91
8I1.K BOOT HOSE, ull shades, beautiful quality; regular 75c values, gu
Saturday nt  '. 2 pairs 91
Hand Drawn Linen
Lunch Cloths nnd Japanese 54-inch Towelling Cloth Squares; $2.25 vnls.
go on sale Dollar Dny nt, cneb  31
Middy Blouses
In grout assortment; $1.50 und $1.75 Values go Snturdny nt  ..91
Lawn Scarfs Natural Pongee
.Nicely embroidered,   20x52 ins.; :!4 InnhiM wide; wo sell regularly
'regularly selling at Mo, we sell '" 55l*> DM" ^ -^ 5* 81
Do"" D»y'" 2 f"r M Crepe de Chine
r, ■       j t»_   _ A ""*' M"'K witl1 » cotton mix**
Colored FOngee ture.    A splendid mntcnnl for
Pure silk, ull shndes, 25 In.' wide; Z!L»*"m LKE?81     ,""
,  '„„    _      '   „     ., ,, shndes; .10 inches wide; regular
worth 00c. Speciul  for  Dollar s5c   y„r(|.   „„]),   Do||nr »D(1V
Dny 2 yds. II ut  2 yds. 31
The Silk Specialists
652 GRANVILLE ST.
1
T
A Few Suggestions   That
May Uncover Real Animus of Conscription
Four Doors North of Hudson's Bay Stores.
Where Bast Meets' West and Silks ar  e Beat.
Has the  Capitalist World
Gone Mad or Simply
Become Senile?
IN VIEW of the noisy demand being
made by thnt section of society that
has sniped to itself the nuthority to
speak for all of the people for the conscription of man-power to be fed to the
cannon of Europe, it standi the workers of this Dominion in hnnd to allow
no circumstance to be overlooked that
may throw light upon the motives that
perchance lie behind that demand, or
that may have any bearing upon the
justification of conscription to the
minds of thinking men and real democrats. It is, by no means, the part of
wisdom to be stampeded into compliance with doubtful schemes through
the noisy mouthings of blntant busy-
bodies whose talents and ambitions ure
always at the disposal of the interests
that can exist only by scheming nnd deceit. Whenever a cause culls forth the
spontaneous support of the capitalist
press, pulpit, platform and legal talent,
no other evidence is required to prove
conclusively to .any wealth producer
who is possessed of a grain of sense,
that such cause is a deadly menace to
him and his kind and one that he should
set his face against, no mntter how ap-
pealingly and convincingly it may be
set forth by its boosters and promulgators. The very source from whence
it comes; the interest in human society
that gives it birth, is quite sufficient
to establish its virtue or lack of it, to
any sane and clear-thinking member of
the working class. As to the merit or
demerit of this conscription scheme, all
that is necessary is to size up the personnel of its udvocates and boosters.
Hoards of trade, chumbers of commerce,
ministerial associations, bar associations, us well us the individual members of these cults of ruling class chicanery and deceit, and by no means
overlooking the capitalists themselves
and their well-trained political puppets,
afford unimpeachable evidence of the
meaning and the merit of any and all
of their schemes, to the wealth producers, so much so in fact, that were
these wealth producers wise, anything
and everything that originated with or
was advocated by the aforesaid boosters of the trude and profession of
plunder, would be turned down without
further parley or inquiry.
Tbe Terrible Danger.
We "are told that civilization is in
danger of being destroyed unless we
"'beat tho Huns." And the si torn*
tion is so criticnl that unless conscription is put upon us in Canndn the
causo is practically lost. Now it so
happens that the total population of
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria
and Turkey amounts to 104,000,000.
That   is   the   total   strength   of   the
Hun" alliance. The total population
of the 15 countries composing the Entente alliunce is approximately 1,000,-
000,000. In addition to this there are
four coutries—Brazil, Bolivia, Guatemala and China—containing about 400,-
000,000 people, which have severed relations with the "Hun" allies, although these countries have not yet declared war. The balance of the world
remains netural, but practically ull of
it in sympathy with the Entente allies.
Immediately surrounding the "Huns"
there is a hostile population of at least
350,000,000. This does not include the
British and French colonies, the United
States, Japan and India. If the total
military strength, that is, that which is
available for the actual lighting line, of
n nation, be taken as one-tenth of its
population, then the comparative
strength of the contending combatants
is as 16 to 35, not taking into consideration anything outside of Europe—
10 for the "Huns," as against 35 for
the Entente allies. Now we know that
the British have had about 1,000,000
men from the various colonial adjuncts
to the Empire, outside of India. We do
not know how many from there. France
hus had troops also from her colonies,
and Japan and Portugal huve furnished more or less powerful aid. The Entente allies have all tho world at their
posul upon which to draw for needed supplies. The "Huns" are left almost entirely upon their own resources.
The reader should be able to draw
quite sound conclusions as to the probability of the Entente allies being defeated unless conscription is forced
upon the Canadian people and their democracy und liberty destroyed.
Some. Facts Leaking Out.
Inquiries made in the House of Com-
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from
all Boats, Trains, and any
part of the city.
Furniture
Moving
by Experts
Pianos Moved
and Hoisted
Storage.ndPacking
Photic us day or night
Seymour 605 and 405
Great Northern
Transfer
G. N. Railway
Main Street
moiiB at Ottawa within the last week
have brought, forth the information
that out of. some 400,000 men enlisted
in Canada for the war only u little over
100,000 are in France. If the total
casualties amount to another 100,000,
nnd we do not believe that such is the
case, there should be somewhere in the
neighborhood of 200,000 still available.
If this is tlie case, why this pronounced
squawk about our divisions in France
being weakened beeause of a lack of
men to make good their losses. Where
are these 200,000 or more men who
have already enlisted and the most of
them gone across the sea? Only recently we received information that
there were in Britain somewhere about
4,000,000 men under arms who have
never yet been ncross the channel. This
does not appear at all impossible when
we remember that the information was
given in the House of Commons that an
army of 4,500,000 was raised in Britain
before conscription was put in.force,
and we know that 1,000,000 have already come from the colonies. Of
course, we do not know how many have
been added to thc above figures
through conscription in the old country. But after making due allowance
for casualties there must still be a reserve force of nt least several million
men. We note that this very week
it was reported that the United States
authorities were considering the immediate building of a huge fleet of
aeroplanes for use ut the front as the
most immediate und valuable aid that
could be given to the Entente allies
because tbey were short of men, as
"there were 7,000,000 men available on
the western front." This would tend
to strengthen the conviction that conscription is not being forced, either
here or in the U. S. on account of any
shortage of men in Europe, to finish
the job of licking the "Huns." Of
course if there is some other job in
sight that the ruling class has a mind
to have done while the doing is goad,
that is another matter. But of one
thing we are sure, and that is that
if any more men are needed in Europe
to finish the "Huns," the number will
not be so lurge tbat it cannot be gotten
by volunteer service. The zeal for conscription cannot be attributed to any
danger that the "Huns" will be nble
to conquer the forces arrayed against
them. It springs from some other
cause, and more than likely u far less
worthy one. That is probably the reason it is not disclosed to us.
A Little Speculation.
Who is there among us that does not
know that our capitalist masters, no
matter how emphatic they may be in
their mouth loyalty, have no more use
for domocracy and liberty than hnd the
most unscrupulous autocrat and brutal tyrant that ever graced the earth.
We know how they loathe the idea of
lubor having anything to say in regard
to political and economic conditions.
We know full well that no right or
privilege that lubor has ever gained
down through the struggle of the uges
will be respected by these capitalist
musters for one moment once the opportunity is offered to abrogate it. They
know far better than the most of the
workers that,the introduction of conscript service, either military or industrial, destroys ull democracy and liberty, as far as the working claBB is concerned, and who shall say that the present war is not deliberately prolonged
for the express purpose of destroying
the last vestige of labor democracy by
shackling thc workers with a Prussian
militarism. And whnt more logical
than that such should be the case?
What better opportunity could possibly
be afforded than the present one, where
the pntriotic ardor of the ignorant rabble can bc stirred to that enthusiasm
of brutal fanaticism and suicidal folly
that is possible only under the drunkenness of war psychology and the
smell of blood. The average working-
man's reusoning faculties are lament-
iiblv weak even in times of peace, but
when his poor intellect becomes gassed
witb the fumes of war psychology, then
is the time indeed ripe when the cunning tools nnd hirelings of the master
class can hook anything on to him that
promises to hamstring him and render
him tame and suitably docile. That is
ahout what Is happening right now.
Thinking the Canadian workers are
properly gassed, the governmental lickspittles of capital are attempting to
hook something on to them. Will they
succeed f   Time will tell.
CIVIC FIREMEN WILL
TRY FEDERAL BOARD
Many Adverse Circumstances Mitigates
Against the City Firemen Getting
Favorable Verdict.
The plebiscite vote on the firemen's
iwo-platoon system on Wednesday resulted in the proposal being turned
down by 350 votes—1107 ratepayers
favoring the proposal and 1457 voting
against it.
The vote was hardly in accordance
with the expectations of the aldermen
when they decided to restrict the vote
Ao property owners, their iden in arranging for such a vote evidently being
to have the two-platoon proposal buried
so deep at the polls thut it would never
be heard of again. The result, however,
shows that a very respectable number
of the voting ratepayers approve of
the plan, even in these times when
there is u strong aversion to anything
which would increuse the tax rate. The
two-plntoon problem is n very lively
corpse and will probably be heurd of
jn the very near future.
The firemen were handicapped in
4hoir efforts to get out a representative
vote by the streetcar Btrike which pre
vented hundreds of their supporter.*
getting to tho polls. Arrangement;-
were made on Tuesday for autos tn
carry the firemen's supporters to the
polls and tbe fleet was busy all day.
jThe committee say that some of those
thev carried evidently double-crossed
| the fireman as they are certain that
more persons were carried than the
[vote in favor of thc measure shows.
■ The firemen are to be complimented
on tbe clean-cut manner in which they
fought their campaign. Handicapped
because of only having ten dnys to do
their work and being compelled to appeal to a limited class nnd that composed of people who naturally nre opposed to increasing civic expenditure,
they did good work. Their case was
put before the public in the advertising columns of the Vancouver dailies
and The Federationist, support was
given Iheir cause by a number of tlie
city clergy at their respective churches
lost Sunday, apponls were made to
women 'h organisations for support,
slides in tho moving picture tlicntrcs
were employed unt) banners on rigs, the
campaign being closed by n circular
appeal to the ratepayers, which was
sent out by mail. The excellent showing they mado at thc polls was undoubtedly due to tins well-planned and
faithfully carried out progrumme.
Arrangements aro now being made
for n meeting of the men nt whieh the
question of their appeal to Ottawa for
JIN
Union Representatives Discuss Many Questions
,  Affecting Workers
Board Sincerely Trying to
Cope With Huge Task of
Organizing Work
[By Jas. H. McVety]
(Chairman B. C. Federation of Labor
Compensation Act Committee)
FIVE MONTHS' OPEBATION under
the Workmen's Compensation Act
during which four thousand five hundred nccidents to workmen covered by
the act have been reported, has proven
the necessity of such legislation in this
province. Of this number, two thousand did not disable the workmen at
all or for less than three days.
After allowing five aim one-half
months for the Compensation Board to
adjust itself and perfect a system
whereby the provisions of the act could
be carried out, the committee elected
by the, last convention of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, consisting of A.
8. WellB, Victoria; Wm. Yates, New
Westminster, and the writer, accompanied by G. J. Kelly, president of
the Longshoremen's Union, Vancouver,
had an interview with the Compensation Board on Tuesday last, during
which many questions in connection
with the operation of the act, were
discussed.
Delay in Making Payments.
The delay in making puyments was
gone into at some length, the board explaining that this was due partly to the
neglect of the workmen to make claims,
there being some 030 entitled to compensation, according to employer's reports of nccidents, who have not yet
filed a claim. In other cases, the employers had neglected to fill in and forward reports, the board finding it impossible to pay compensation until tbe
reports from tbe employers are received. One employer had been pressed
so strongly on account of delays tbat
he hud discharged his accountant who
was responsible for the trouble. Trouble
with tbe medical men was ulso given
as a reason for delay, tbe doctors taking a hostile attitude becuusc the
board had refused to pay ncco'jnts tbat
were considered out of proportion to
the servico rendered. An agreement has,
however, juBt been mnde with the medical council of the province for more
uniform charges and co-operation with
the board to secure prompt reports on
men injured. The fnilure of the board
to reply to letters from workmen regarding claims, wns also spoken to in
connection with the question of delay
in puyments nnd the board expressed
the belief thnt arrangements had been
made so thut every letter would hereafter be answered. The committee was
invited to submit any complaints as
soon as they arose, the chairman, Mr.
Winn, remarking that it was much
more satisfactory for the bonrd to deal
with the workmen through the labor
organizations thnn as individuals.
Medical Aid Schemes.
Tbe bourd had tentatively approved
some live hundred medical aid schemes
existing in the province, many of these
being the worat kind of robbery of the
workmen, deductions of one or two dollars per month being made by the employer without, in many cases, any attempt being made to supply medical
aid service. The board, in reply to the
objections of the committee to the continuation of these schemes, stated that
u considerable number of "approvals"
had already been revoked and that but
very few of the schemes would survive
the investigation of the board aB they
were not in conformity with the act.
Accident Pretention,
Inquiry was made as to what steps
an arbitration board to take up the
question of their working conditions
will be discussed. The men believe that
the showing they made at the polls on
Wednesday is one which, considering
the handicaps under which they worked,
show tbnt a representative number of
citizens strongly disapprove of the 21-
■hour per day duty system, and thoy believe that thiB feeling is so strong as
■to weigh with any arbitration board
which considers the question in closer
detail than it was possible to give to
the public in the recent campaign.
The electors also gave a body blow
to Aid. Kirk's pot scheme of using the
city's credit to the extent of $1,000,000
so us to give the aldermen n chance to
spend the money this year. The verdict
iwas based on the principle that it is
better to "pay as you go."
Continuing the Great Sale
of Men's Shirts
With Values up to $1.75 Selling for 79c
New Season's goods — but broken lines and oddments
left from previous sales — in a grand clean-up at less than
manufacturer's cost. It's a great saving sale—for it offers
shirts that are well cut, made of good washing and serviceable
fabrics, and guaranteed to fit, for less than half their worth.
■very Man Needs New Shirts for Summer Wear.
This sale offers you choice of many styles, including
Negligee Lounge—Sport Outing and  Work  Shirts
in practically all sizes, of such desirable materials as self-blue
chambray, plain or colored percales, neat colored striped cambrics, plain white linens, and fancy mercerized striped fronted'
shirts.
EARLY SHOPPINO IS BEST
The greatest values sell first—be here tomorrow at 8.30
and pick out a supply of the $1.75 lines for the Small cost of,
each 79c.
l^hpBudsonsBnuConipanii. &*[
V|t-   , V - _______    __       m______E-—__—_________ 1*J^\J
Granville and Georgia Streets
We Progress
Watch for out' opening- next
week—Ground Floor Branch
of thc ACT1NO-OFT1CAL,
INST. LTD., No. 549 Gran-
ville St. This is the finest
Optical Institution ;u Canada.
Dr. J. D. Gamble and staff
of operators iu charge.
Head Offices, Birks Build-
in^, where Dr. .Jordan can
he eonsulted.
Limited
had been taken to initiate plans for
carrying out the intention of the act,
the board stating that data is being
gathered on the subject and the work
will be furthered at the earliest possible moment. In this connection, the
opinion of the committee was asked as
to the advisability of bringing the factory, mine, boiler and electrical energy
inspectors under the Compensation
Board in order to better co-ordinate
the work of preventing.uccidenta. This
the committee conceded would be good
policy as it has worked successfully in
sucb states as Wisconsin, Ohio and New
York.
Brandt Offices.
As tke board appears to be committed to maintaining its head oce in
Victoria, the committee pointed out the
necessity of opening branch offices in
V unco'uver and at one or two points in
the interior where the workmen and
employers cun secure information and
assistance in presenting their claims. In
the case of Vancouver, the necessity
of a branch office was conceded owing
to the large industrial population, in
und around the city, but in the vase
of the interior, the bourd feelB that
the district auditors can very easily
take cure of the situation.
Fishermen and Ship Employees,
As one of the larger fishing compnnies hud shown n disposition not to
include the halibut fishermen under the
uct and a shipping company maintains
that the powers of the board nnd the
province do not permit the act to be
applied to "navigation," the committee ascertained the § position of the
board relative to these men. The decision is thnt both classes are under
the act and that the medical aid provisions apply, eicept where the shipping companies nre paying the tonnage
tax under the "sick mariners" provision of the Canada Shipping Act.
Non-resident Alien Dependents.
The board took up with the committee the question of reducing the amount
paid to widows of aliens killed in this
province. It is pointed out thnt to pay
women in China, Japan nnd India in
particular, and residents of the European countries the same compensation
us received by thoae citizen widows
and dependents resident here, iB an unfair proposition on account of the vast
difference in the cost and standard of
living.
It is pointed out that twenty to
forty dollars per month places Asiatic
and some European women in a vastly
better position than before the husbund
was killed, the reverse being tbe ense
where the women are citizens and living in thiB province. The proposal is
to amend the act so as to permit the
board to make a lump sum settlement
with these non-resident alien dependents and to set aside the difference between tbe amount paid and the amount
set aside as a reserve in special reserve
fund from whieli widows with more
thun four children could be paid an additional allowance over nod above the
present maximum of forty dollars per
month. The committee agreed to take
the mntter under consideration and to
meet the bourd again when it had the
proposal in more definite form.
Board Members to Explain Act.
j, With the completion of plans whereby the routine work cnn be handled by
tlif staff, thc board oxpectH to be uble
jto visit the different parts of the province and to explain such mutters as
the employers and workmen require information on. It is also the intention
of members of the board to accept in-
ivitutions from organizations to address
their meetings.
Attitude of tne Board.
| The general disposition of the board
nnd particularly of the chairman, appears to be one of fairness nnd a desire to receive the assistance und cooperation of our organizations and such
members us buve given special consideration' to the subject. During thc
three-hour interview the members did
everything they could to explain points
raised and while expressing appreciation of the consideration shown by tho
committee in not tukiug up their time
until they had got on their feet, they
extended a cordial invitation to present, any compluints that arise from
time to time, if the expressed policy
of the board is carried out, there should
TWENTY-FIVE TEARS AGO
Trades ud Labor Council.
Thuraday, June 17,1892.
Messrs. Praney, Walden and Dickie,
of the Bricklayers, and T. Masters, of
the Amalgamated Carpenters took
Beats as delegates.
Mr. Cfirbould, M.P., wrote, stating
thnt the minister of public works at
Ottawa aaid he was unable to do anything re postoftice building working
non-union labor; he was unwilling to
interfere with the freedom of contractors.
A letter from the Pioneer Steam
Laundry published in the local press.
The World in an editorial criticized
New Westminster Trades and Labor
Council for circulating a circular in the
eastern provinces re labor conditions in
B. C. Mr. Towler was thanked for replying so ably to same.
Knights of Labor, No. 5606, Brotherhood of Carpenters and Amalgamated
Carpenters, endorsed tbe initiative and
referendum. ,
President Bartley reported for the
bathing beach cohimittee.
Chas. Knine reported for the arbitration committee, t,.
Geo. Pollay reported for labor bureau
committee.
Engineers' Local, 620.
This local is a very promising infant.
Membership is increasing rapidly, snd
the good work attempted is beginning
to bear results. Practically all members are working,
The scale for pile-driving engineers
.has been increased from 85 cents to 60
cents per hour.
Stationary engineers should note that
the proposed amendments to Boiler Inspection Act, for an eight-hour day, has
not, aB yet, been introduced by the
government, but Business Agent W. A.
Alexander states he has it on good
authority that this matter will be taken
up at the earliest opportunity during
the next session of the local house.
I.T.U. Referendum Result. ■■^.
The official canvass of tbe referendum vote on the arbitration agreement
between the International Typographical Union and the closed shop division
of the United Typothetae and Franklin
Clubs of America has been completed.
The agreement has been endorsed by a
majority of 12,475. The total vote cast
was 41,039, of which 20,757 were in
favor of the proposition and 14,282
against it.
I do not thank a follower wbo
sticks to me when I am right. Anyone
would do that.1 A true friend is one
who stays with me even when I'm
wrong.*'—Sir John A. Macdonald.
ONE LITTLE CONSOLATIOK
' "'     OrTO-EP BT KB. HABVET
Saya Min's Olethinf Pricei Art Ohetpff In
B. O. Thu Anywhere £1m ln Canada
In discussing tbe cost of men's weiring
apparel witb the Federationist this morn in it
J. N. Harvey, head of the well-known clothing firm of Vancouver snd Victoria, Hid:
"From investigation made recently It is
shown that men's wear can be bought cheaper In British Columbus tban in any other
at the provinces of Canada. One reason for
this," lit' said, "wax our being ao far away
from the markets that it made It necessary
for us to buy further in advance than those
who are in the large manufacturing centre**,
h'or Instance, shortly after the beginning of
the war I made very extensive and canto)
investigation of the woollen market* of tbe
world and came to the conclusion that if the
war were to last for any length of time that
woollens would gu very high In price and
I that cottons would follow. Thn we did some
speculating in theae lines, buying about
double what we would ordinarily hnve done.
because the manufacturers told us that we
were liable to get only about 60 per cent, of
what we won ordering, but. becauM- of our
orders having heen placed so far In advance nf the average huuse in this line, we
have secured alliiont 100 per cent, in many
of the lines ordered, and this plsom us iu
s position to sell at practically old prices.
Whereas, if we had bought tliem, sny, three
to nix months later than we did, we would
have had to pay 'JO per cent, to 't't per cent,
more than a* the prices at whieh we bought.
"From a money-making standpoint," said
Mr. Harvey, "It would pay us to hold these
over at the higher prices of today, but that
would not be giving tho kind of service for
whicli these storos stand, and theu again.
if we csn sell double tho amount that we
depended on selling we eould do mi Otl a verv
miich  smaller margin of profit,  ami  we
be un immediate improvement  jp    the  going to reach oat for this record—of doub-
hnndling <if claims and in Bitch fuse
us conio to the attention of the mem
ling our business during thu present year
-ami  nre   going  to   run   big sale*,   to   begin
Saturday, and will give prices thst will make
bers where lind 110 delay ■* shown the it pay the people handsomely to buy at our
Committee Will bfl glad IO roCOlve th'« mont. That suits, shirts and underwear will
facts in order that nn investigation jjjflf "VwibWo <!MM '* ^ lb" "
may be bud. 'tunrV'
buy   at   the  manufae-
EMPRESS
STRAWBERRY 'JAM
New Pack Now on the Markot
lib. glutu jars 4 Hi. tills
*     Ask your grocer for it
futility   and   plfr-     IM us know if ho docs  not carry it.
ity ffdnrantood hy
rood regliia"oSr°   Empress Manufacturing Co.
Vnncouver, B. C. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..June 22, 1917
Don't lose
your natural teeth
Many people allow their teeth to go without attention, think-
that when they have to be extracted, they can remedy the
loss perfectly by the use of a plate.
DON'T DO THAT—
Dental plates are a substitute for the natural teeth hut, at
the best, they are only an imperfect substitue.
The power of a dental pint* in eating is only one-tenth the
power of your natural teeth. In other words, your natural
teeth are a ten-horse-power engine aa compared with a dental
plate which represents only a one-horse-power engine.
Don't let your natural teeth "go." 8ee me and I will
eiamine them and tell you, if posible, how they may be
saved.
Wm. H. Thompson
DOCTOR OF DENTAL IUBOBIT
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dunamulr Private entrance
Phone Sey. 3314.
Arrange with dental
nnrae    fer    an   appointment.
SATURDAY
Big  Dollar  Day  Bargains
ONTRIMMED   SHAPES
WHITE FELT HATS
SPORT HATB
PANAMA HATS
FOR ONLY ONE  DOLLAR
SEE WINDOW FBIDAT NIGHT
THE PATRICK CO.
MILLINERY 532 ORANVILLE STREET
RICHARDSON & POTTS Ltd.
THE EXCLUSIVE HATTERS
417 Granville Street, near Oorner Hastings
THE NANAIMO
COAL
BEST QUALITY BBBT PBIOE BEST BEBTIOE
Evans, Coleman [& Evans, Limited
Wharf Olllce:
FOOT COLUMBIA AVENUE
Seymonr 2988
Uptown Offlee:
407 OBANVILLE STBEET
Seymour 228
Dollar Day
Bargains for Men
At the Red Arrow Stores
EXTRA SPECIAL, 12 ONLY, MEN'S SUITS-Reg.
$15.00 and $18.00. Sizes 22 to 38. 67 fi R
Your choice for   .«pl .UU
15 SUITS, Sizes 32 to 44. In good strong dark tweeds
—Regular $15 $18 and $20 values d»Q QC
on sale at ...;  «Pt7.0eJ
52 MEN'S SUITS-Regular $15.00, $18.00 and $20.00
—Sizes 36 to 42—one of each kind.    04 O *JR
On sale for   VAtm.' «
200 MEN'S SUITS-Sizes 34 to 44. Regular $18.00,
$20.00, $25.00 to $27.50-
On sale at three special prices
$14.75, $18.75, $21.75
Regular 50c Ties at 29c, or
 4 for fl
Regular 75c  Ties,  49c,  or
 3 for 96o
Regular 20c Silver Collars
on sale 8 for fl
20 doz. Cotton Soz, colored
 8 for *1
3 pairs 50c   Cashmere   Sox
for  :.»1
35c Braces on sale 25c
Boys' Bathing Suits 49c
Men's Bathing Suits 69c
WATCH OUR WINDOWS FOR RARE SNAPS
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
125-127 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Also Yates Street, Victoria, B. C.
STRAWS arid PANAMAS
What's your pleasure—a Straw or Panama Hat? What shape?
It matters little to this MEN'S HAT STORE—theyare all here.
The PANAMAS are genuine ECUADORIAN—$6.00 and up.
The Straws are Sennit—Split and Fancy Braids—$2.00 and up.
flote: LADIES' PANAMAS, $5.00.
Fine Cashmere Bathing
Suits  $1.40
Men's Dollar Shirts for 69c
25 dozen Shirts, reg. $1.25
and $1.50 values for ....98c
6 dozen Drawers only, size
40 and 42, at 25c
Balbriggan Shirts and Drawers, all sizes, 48c each or,
a suit 95c
Balbriggan and Porous Knit
Combinations  98c
Men's Straw Boater Hats, $1
"Real Citizens" Hear Nothing Most Eloquently and
Ably Promulgated
Mrs. Ralph Smith Drops a
Hint to Workers Whose
Rights are Threatened
[By J. Kavanagh.]
An audience of approximately 4,000
gathered at the Horse Show building to
hear our statesmen, past, present, and
would-be, tell them why they, the audience, should be sent to the trenches,
at least the male portion of them.
The speeches delivered were chiefly
noticeable for a lack of logical argument in favor of the resolution submitted, and eould have been just us well to
oppose the resolution as to support it.
The only points made during the
whole of the agony were supplied by
Mrs. Ralph Smith and appear below.
The platform waB occupied by from
60 to 80 people, many of whom appeared to be fit to fill the trenches to
which they are bo eager to send others.
Immediately in front of the platform
was congregated that small but boisterous element of pro-conscriptionists of
both sexes, who made themselveB so
prominent at previous aiti-meetings.
The audience consisted largely of women and men over military age, with a
smattering of the younger element scattered throughout.
About 8.10 p.m., a band composed of
members of the police force and the
72nd Highlanders entered the building
and paraded around the arena, giving
the hysterical element an opportunity
to manifest their hysteria.
The Hon. William Bowser of odifer-
ous tnemory, mounted the platform at
thiB time and received the backwash
of the applause generated by the
-music.
After,a little more music had worked
the audience into a sympathetic mood,
Mayor McBeath (who appears physically fit and of military age) opened
the meeting and after a few remarks,
called upon Mr. Bowser.  ,
The Hon. Bill spoke for quite a time
in his usual fashion without saying
anything.
Mr. Chas. McDonald, a would-be representative of the "peepul," next addressed us.
Mr. McDonald brought us a message,
at least he said so. He also almost
brought ub to tears. His generosity
waB marvelous. He was willing to give
all the men in Canada in order to
preserve "tfar" liberty, whether they
wanted to go or not.
Mac was long on superlatives, but
appeared to be short on breath.
Loud applause greeted his laBt word.
Mayor  Gray    of New Westminster
also said nothing very explicitly.   (Applause).
Mrs. Ralph Smith made the only
pointB of the evening. She said, in the
course of her remarks: "We should do
onr duty as we see it, and not as others
want us to do it," and again, that
should anyone try to break into her
house she had a little iron dog with
an iron tail and if anyone should try
to take from her that which she now
bad, then that dog would bite.
These are two sayings the workers
will do well to remember, and apply
to their own specific case.
A returned soldier also spoke.
Throughout the whole of the meeting
the term liberty was freely 'used, to
Buch an extent that at one time it
seemed as though the audience might
get next.
The resolution was, put and n show
of hands called for, but as a considerable number kept their hands down,
a standing vote was called for. The
vote waB unanimous, owing to his worship neglecting to give the opposition
a chance to vote, thus upholding the
beBt traditions of "British justice"
and '' British fair play.''
The meeting adjourned to the strains
of patriotic music. (I think that is
the way it is phrased).
As an exposition of the unstability of
the position taken by the representatives of the ruling class opon thiB as
upon all other questions affecting the
workers, the meeting was most successful, but aB an exposition of reasons
why we should surrender what petty
liberties we now possess, it was a dismal failure.
The entire series of arguments put
forward could have been shattered in
five minutes by any working class
speaker of my acquaintance.
Shipyard Laborers' Union.
On June 8 the initiation and installation meeting was held, Organizer
Duncan McCallum, of the machinists,
officiating. Officers elected: President,
Bro. C. Soams; vice-president, Bro. E.
Oliver; recording and corresponding
secretary, Bro. W. Hardy; financial secretary, Bro. M. A. Phelps; treasurer,
guide, Bro. W. J. Russell; guardian,
Bro. T. Elliott; trustees, Bro. F. Easel,
Bro. J. Bellas, Bro. J. Child. A good
start was made, thirty memberB being
initiated. Mr. Crawford of the Sheet
Metal Workers kindly helped out with
information and sound advice.
The new union will meet every Friday evening this month, and on the
ilrBt and third Fridays following. Anticipate big addition to membership
from Coughlan's at tonight's meeting.
FACTS
ABOUT OUB
SHOES
We aim to furnish the best shoes
that money can buy for the price
we ask.
And we believe that we are giving the best shoe values in the
city.
UNION MADE
as far as possible
CLUFF SHOE CO.
649 HASTINGS BTREET WEST
Dainty Summer
Undermuslim
Attractively
Priced
Such assortments, styles
and values as are offered
here are only possible
through our association
with the foremost under-
muslin houses and our ability to anticipate requirements. Those interested in muslin underwear
are asked to view our displays and to allow us to
present lines of practical
worth.
Muslin Corset Covers at
35c, 45c, 65c, 75c and
up.
Muslin Drawers at 25c,
45c, 65c, 85c and up.
Special assortment of
Closed Drawers at 85c,
$1 andl $1.25.
Muslin Petticoats at $1.00,
$1.25, $1.75, $2.26 and
up.
Muslin Envelope Chemise
at $1.00, $1.50, $2.25
and up.
Crepe Envelope Chemise
at $1.25.
Muslin Nightgowns at
65c, $1.00, $1.25, $1.50
and up. ,
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
IN
Hon. Rudolph Lemieux Prophesies What Is To
Happen
Urges Government toBoldly
Deal With the Food
Situation
MB ON I
HON IN
Rebels Sit in Council Over
The Affairs of the
New State
Refuse to Lay Down Their
Arms and Submit to
Capitalist Rule
THE Ilrst news of the Russian revolution was greeted by the American
people and press with genuine enthusiasm. Now this enthusiasm seems to
have given way to a kind of impatience and doubt, says Henry Slobodin
in Pearson's Magazine. American public opinion is completely dominated by
the opinion of the European bourgeoisie, the opinion of the Balfours and
the Lloyd Georges. Having cleaned
out the pro-German regime of the
Czars, the Bussian revolutionists should
now, they are told, lay down their arms
and permit obediently the Milinkoffs
and Rodziankos to lead them to slaughter and majoram glorinm of the capitalists. This is the simple bourgeois,
programme. Instend, these rebels refuse
to lay down their arms and, on the
contrary, sit in council discussing their
own interests, which are often not the
interests of tho bourgeois. Unheard ofl
Outrageous!
The American people ought to bring
to bear their vaunted sense of humor.
Were the Russian revolutionists fighting merely for the privilege of exchanging tyrants? Have they overthrown the RomanoffB for the purpose
of putting the Russian Rockefellers and
Morgans on their necks f Is such a
change really an improvement f And is
there no other way! That is what the
Russian revolutionists are now asking
themselves.
As to continuing the wnr, no responsible revolutionist is in favor of a
separate peace with Germany. But a
great many, the vast majority, are for
peace. The revolutionists are reiterating the questions so cogently put' by
President Wilson—"What is the ,war
aboutf What are we fighting fort
Why Bhould we not have peace!
European diplomacy and statesmanship are completely bankrupt. George
und Balfour and Viviani can say nothing better than that the war will go
on for years. This entails the slaughter of many more millions of human
beings nnd tbe destruction of still more
billions of dollars of property. What
for! And what then! Can George or
Balfour or Viviani predict what will be
thc result two or three years hence!
And if they do predict, what fool will
believe them!
Plainly the peoples of the world bust
tnke the affairs of the world out of the
hands of tho kaisers on the one hand
and of the Georges, Balfours and Vi-
vianis on the other, and see whether,
with theBe stupid bunglers and greedy
profit-mongers out of tho way, the
world could not have permanent peace.
And this is what the RuBsian revolutionists nre juBt now asking themselves and the world.
Hansard of June 6th reports a speech
made by the Hon. Rudolph Lemieux,
which is of more than passing interest
to wage-workers throughout Canada at
this time.   Mr. Lemieux said:
"I have here the index table showing the increase in the cost bf living
for the average family. According to
the statistics gathered by the department of labor in sixty cities in Canada,
in April, 1014, the cost for the average
family was $7.51 per week. That iB
very low. In April of thiB year the
cost had risen to $10.77 per week and,
with the addition of coal, wood, lighting and rent, the total is brought up to
$17.34. I have a list of the prices of
various commodities. It is simply appalling and I do not know what the
people can do to maintain themselveB
and to be cheerful under these circumstances. I do not wish to make any
appeal that would savor of demagog-
uery, but I must say that it is a serious
situation. The government and parliament are about to consider nationalization of railways, and that is a very important question that demands an early
solution, but is it not a fact that tbe
question of food and the nationalization of cold storage is far moro important than the nationalization of railways! Tou will have riots in tbis
country next winter, you will have
bread riots, if the government do not
take a firm hand now to control food.
I was also referring a moment or two
ago tp rentals and the price of coal. I
wish to give this warning. About ten
days ago I was in New York attending
a meeting as a director of a railway
company which haB subsidiary lines in
Canada. The president of tbe Delaware
and Hudson Railway Company, which
takes care of most of the conl transportation from Pennsylvania to Canada, said to me: 'I am unitized, Mr. Lemieux, to find that at this date we
have not half of the coal transportation
to Canada that wo hnd last year or the
year previous. Whnt are you thinking
about in Canada? You will suffer next
winter if yoj have not your coal.' But
that is aside from the question. I simply wished to refer to that conversation to show that if the government do
not take with a firm hand the control
and transportation of fuel nnd the control of food, they will have a very serious situation to contend with in Canada. It is the duty of the government
to see to it that such conditions do not
nrise. I am very sincere. The govern-
hient should take hold now of the cold
storage situation and, if need bc, make
terms with the companies thnt are controlling thc cold storage establishments; otherwise you will have riots in
this country. I hope they will not occur but if the cost of living increases
a few notches more, you will remember
what I said this evening in the House.
I do not wish that to happen, and I
hope the government will be patriotic
and firm enough to boldly take this
question in hand and settle it accordingly to the best interests of the
people.''
CITV OOUNOIL DECIDES TO
IGNORE  BOARD FINDINGS
Civic Employeos'  Union Will Call a
Special Meoting To Consider
Next   Move.
Despite the recommendations of the
recent federal Industrial Disputes Act
board, that not less than $3 per day be
paid to civic employees, the city council has decided to ignore the findings
and this week decided to adopt instead
the following schedule:
'' In connection with the recommendations contained in the report of
the conciliation board, the board of
works begs to recommend: That the
rate of pay for scavenging and other
teamsters; day street sweepers in the
down-town section; night street cleaning; bridge tenders; yard men, and
general construction work, be $3 per
day: ward maintenance work, public
convenience men and night watchmen,
$2.76 per day; day sweeping in the
outside districts, day watchmen and
dumpmen, $2.50 per day; the three old
men (six hours, no change), $1.50 per
day."
A special meeting of the Civic Employees' union will be called at an early
date to consider what action they will
take in the premises. The 'union's
membership is being largely increased
and when the men get around to it they
will probably have something definite
to say to u city council that recommends "arbitration" for the streetrailwaymen nnd itself refuses to
abide by the findings of a similar tribunal.
COMPLAINTS AGAINST DELAYS
BT   COMPENSATION   BOARD
Special Committee of B. C. Federation
of Labor Presented Many to Board
at Victoria This Week.
The special committee named at the
Revelstoke convention of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, consisting of
Vice-presidents McVety, Vancouver;
nnd Wells, met at Victoria early this
week. While in the Capital City they
took up with the WorkVnen's Compensation Board a number of matters pertaining to the administration of the
measure since Jan. 1st last, the date
the legislation became effective.
At last meeting of Vancouver Trndes
and Labor Council, Del. Kelly of the
longshoremen 's union had several complaints to make against delays of the
board in, mnking settlements. TheBe
and a number of others were thoroughly gone into by the speciul committee
and presented to the Workmen's Compensation Board.
Any others who have complaints
to make over adjustment of claims
should get into touch with Vice-president McVety at the Labor Temple, bo
that thoy can be dealt with by the
committee as occasion arises.
THE OMIT UNION HEN'S OLOTHING AND
FURNISHING STORE JS VANOOUVER
$20.00
As a matter of economy or
saving
it will be to any Union Man's advantage if
he invests in one of the suits which we are
selling at this price.
Owing to our large buying power, you are
given a better stoc kto choose from, at this
figure, than in any other store in the city.
_W_ "HOME Or HART.SCNAFFHER &HARX CUimES*
CfcJUnHNS
^| SW mW vmrrn
^^   153 HASTINGS ST.W.
PAINTERS AND DECORATORS
Special    Organlutlon    Campaign   la
AcMeving Expected Results.
. Looal 138, Brotherhood of Painters,
Decorators and Paperhangers, has been
.very successful in adding new members
to their membership for the last month
through the able assistance of Business
Agent Grand and Fourth Q.V.P. Jos.
Clark and Organiser Ous Uhl.
We have a meeting called with the
Master Painters for next Tuesday
flight, June 26. We are in hopes of
having them do business with our local
through an agreement.
Sheet Metal Workera' Organiser.
W. L. Sullivan, Portland, Ore., gene-
ral organiser of the Amalgamated Sheet
Metal Workers' international alliance,
is in the city this week, in connection
with organization work locally. Org.
Sullivan reports trade conditions along
the coast much better than for some
years past. He expects a considerable
increase in membership for the local
Sheet Metal Workers during the next
few weeks, as there is considerable
work looming up in their line. It is
not improbable that a business agent
will be employed by the union frota
this date.
'DOWN TOOLS" VOTE
LEFT TO ONIONS TO DECIDE
 Continued frota page 1
enacted at Ottawa, was referred to
local unions by a roll-call vote of 27*
24.
Brewery Workers' Agreement.
_ After considerable debate it was de-
cided thnt the executive take up with
the executive of the Brewery Workers'
union and the brewery employers the
question of a wage increase of 42 per
week all round; despite an agreement
terminating "six months after the war
is concluded."
Attendance Roll.
Statistician Cottrell reported 54 members present, as follows:
Typos.-^H. L. Corey, W. R. Trotter.
Civic Employees—Oeo. Harrison, G.
W. McFarlan, V. R. Midgley.
Boiler Makers and Helpers—Win.
Marshall.
Amalgamated Carpenters — R. Edmonds.
Deep Sea Fishermen—R. Kearley.
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen —
Stanley Ritchey, A. W. Cochran.
Garment Workers—J. A. McMaster.
Molders—W. J. Dickinson, A. H.
Donaldson.
Bro. of Carpenters and Joiners—G.
C. Thom, A. McDonald, Jas. Campbell.
Longshoremen—A. Tree, G. Thomas,
J. Kavanagh, G. J. Kelly.
Bartenders—J. A, Smith.
Painters—D. Lemon.
Sugar Workers—T. H. Bellamy.
Street Railwaymen—E. G. Kermode,
W. H. Cottrell, F. A. Hoover, F. Haigh,
B. G. Davies, R. E. Rigby.
Pressmen—J. Scott.
Letter Carriers—R. Wight, J. Dodd,
F. Knowles.
Boot and Shoe Workers—A. Col*
lidge.
Cigar Makers—A. Kochel.
Tailors—O. S. Gren, A. R. Gatenby,
J. S. Ellsworth, H. Gutteridge.
Ironworkers—Roy  Massecar.
Cigar Makers—A. Kochel.
Pattern Makers—W. H. Brown.
Brewery Workers—G. Gilbert.
Cooks and Waiters—A. Graham.
Sailors' Union—W. S. Burns.
Machinists—G. Lyle, A. B. Towler,
J. Brooks, J. H. McVety.
Bartenders—B. McCoffrey.
Sheet Metal Workers—A. J. Crawford.
Civic Firemen—A. Beits.
Plumber's— F. W. Welsh.
BTREET CAB STRIKE
SETTLED IN BIGOT
 Continued from page 1
no question between them and the company in regard to wages or working
conditions. In order to prevent the
company committing a mistake that
might tead to shake the conidence not1
only of the men, but of the publio at
large, in the.sagacity and good judgment of the company, "Teddy" Morrison, business agent of the Electrical
Workers', called at the office of the
company and in the course of hia visit
casually mentioned to Mr. Kidd that
the moment the flrst strikebreaker made
his appearance would be the aame moment from which there would be no
more light and power in the city. Having dropped this gentle and kindly hint
"Teddy" modestly took his departure.
No strikebreakers made their appearance.
The Company Surrenders.
Yesterday noon the company officials
sent for the union officials and within
the spa^e of one hour all the demands
of tho men had been conceded and the
striko wns off. Not a single individual
had been assaulted nor a cent's worth
of property either interfered with or
in uny manner damaged. With the exception, of course, of such interruption
of the revenue producing proclivity of
capitalist property thut had been incidental to the proflt makers quitting
their employment. That it did not cause
anv particular suffering upon the part
of tho Btrikers is amply attested by the
fact that it was noticed that as soon
as tho strike was on, many of them
broke out into song, as they gathered
at the Labor Temple, a sort of pean
of joy as it were, over their happy
release, even for a brief period, from
the galling harness of servitude that
had, been so long worn in the company's
service.
Think It Over.
Now you who are pondering over tbe
advisability of "down tools"' in case
your blind and brutal masters deem it
meet and proper to forcibly lasso you
and destroy your liberties in order to
gorge their cannon with the only food
it is calculated to assimilate, be good
eaough to draw a lesson from the street
railwaymen who so successfully pulled
off such a splendid manifestation of the
power of labor once it becomes imbued
with the spirit of solidarity and has
the good sense and manly courage to
stand squarely for what it wants and
go the limit in getting.it. If the workers of Canada but make such a stand
in defense of their democracy and lib*
erty, limited though they be, all the
powers of reaction and tyranny cannot
prevail against them. Nothing quite
like this street car striko has been
previously pulled off in Canada. The
Street Railwaymen are to be congratulated upon showing the rest of us how
to do it. Now go ye and do likewise.
Either stand together or go down to
defeat as one.
Broadway Theatre
MAIN AT BROADWAY
PHONE PAUL 888
NEXT WEEK
— ALL BIG AND NEW PICTURES-
COME AND ENJOY THE FUN
—Best Place in Town to Spend a Pleasant Hour-
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or Overcoat.
$18.00 to $40.00
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 ORANVIUE STREET
Sole Agenti for Vancouver

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