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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 6, 1917

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
POLITICAL TOITT:   VICTOR
JANCOUVER, B. C, FRJDAY JJJLY 6,1917
(In Vanesew \
oity. 12.00  )
$1.50 PER YEAR
| Provincial Government Will
Break Up the Slave
Plantations
|The Feudal Baronies of B.
C. to Be Compelled to
Take Down Fences
THE PEDBBATIONIST has
frequently felt called upon to
i comment upon the iniquity
ithat has for a long time existed in
^British Columbia in the shape of
1 company towns.!' These are
sometimes called "closed towns."
That means that they are closed
|to any and all persons in any way
objectionable to the^owners of
those towns, and that all comment, criticism, education or agitation distasteful to those owners,
s barred'from their sacred pre-
bincts. In other words, these pr^-
iious "company townB" aremere-
y slave plantations or feudal
uaronies, under the autocratic
*ule of the capitalist owners who
ire sweating zealously in the
lioble art of developing "our resources." It has been particularly
notice uble that trade unionists and
other labor agitators have been non
persona grata at all of theBe labor penB,
more especially tho ones at Britannia
a,nd Anyox. At the Britannia pen it is
a mutter of common knowledge that so
jbm-xious to tho overlords was the
uint of trade unionism, that a minute
2nd careful search of every slave's
personal baggage was invariably mnQe
in order to discover any possible evidence of previous association with
piomsm, and if such evidence was
Found the sacred confines of Britannia
Were immediately fumigated of bis
pbjectionnble presence.
A Government Spasm.
iMuny interesting tales might be told
if the efficiency  of methods  used  at
hese delightful plague spots in order
*o ferret out objectionable and dan-
BrerutiH characters, ere their hateful pre-
ence had worked Irreparable injury to
he peace of mind of toe sacrosant own*
J"rs of the aforesaid plague spots.
But it will henceforth be a waste of
;inu> to relate these tales, for the need
jf their telling will no longer exist,
hat is if current rumor aa to ho mention    of the   Brewster    government
roves true.
That rumor hath It that the govern-
lent is to abolish   these   "company
■towns."
The plantation fences are to be thus
[thrown down.
[ The baronial walls are to be demolished.
Slaves from without are to be unrestrained from wandering in and slaves
from within muy stay as long as they
ns they have the price iwid are disposed
ifo make payment.
f Merchants from the outside will then
be allowed to trade within the hitherto
Darred zone and even to Bet up their
gambling layouts within its sucred precincts, a privilege they hace not previously been granted,
It is even hoped that persons resid*
ng at Britannia may henceforth be
illowed to receive mail without its be-
ng opened and examined by the com-
■.•iny tools and officials in order to deed anything seditious to the company
Jjor uncover the surreptitious purchase of
■Ally merchandise at points tfjtside of
||the company's store.
' This is purely a hope, however, as
there can be no real certainty about
■anything in connection with the material interests of tbe Britannia Com-
jpany.
Merely for Revenue.
While at first glance it seemed thai:
the action contemplated by the Brew- j
Bter government might be attributed to
a virtuous spasm of the Liberal heart,
upon second thought it appears more
likely to be meroly prompted by the
sordid motive of increased revenue. It
seems that these company slave plantations have enjoyed the privilege of be-
ing taxed upon an acreage basis, thus
getting off very lightly. In fact, the
Anyox pen was usscssed last year on
a bust* of 47.50 per acre. One can
readily seo that the government at
^Victoria would enjoy but an infinitesimal rake-off upon such a ridiculous assessment as that. It wuuild ulmost
seem a sin that such an opportunity
for revenue should be overlooked. In
Continued on page 6
,
h>
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
8anday, July 8 — Bartender!,
Stage Employees, Musicians.
Monday, July 9—Amalgamated
Engineers, Electrical Workers, Pattern • Makers, Boiler-
mnkers, Bro. Loco. Engineers,
V. B. Carpenters No. 617,
Streetrailwaymen's Exec,
Tuesday, July 10—Stone Cutters,
Pressmen, Barters, Machinists
No. 777.
Wednesday,    July 11 — Metal
Trades Council,    Stereotypers,
Streetrailwaymen.
6    Thursday, July 12 -— Machinists
No. 182, Sheet Metal WorkerB,
1       Steam     Engineers,    Painters,
j       Shipwrights and Caulkers.
I   Friday,    July    13—Pile Drivers
j       &     Wooden     Brldgekuilders,
j      Plumbers, Shipyard Laborers.
'   Saturday, July 14—
u.	
At
Fernie and Michel
Men Go Out on
Strike
the
Provincial Dealers in "Wet
Goods" Busy at Work
Stalling
Vancouver local of the International
Brewery Workmen's union want more
wages. At last meeting of the central
labor body its delegates asked sanction
to a demand for an increase of 42 per
week ob a "war bonus." This because
the members were parties to an agreement terminating "six months after
the declaration of peace.'? After consideration by the council it was decided
that representatives of the union and
the council should first interview the
management of the Vancouver Breweries, Ltd,, before any definite action
was taken. This has been done, and
no stubborn opposition to the "bonus"
is contemplated, provided the same demand is made upon competitors in New
Westminster and Victoria, where locals
of the same organization are working
under a similar agreement. President
McVety of tho central labor body is
now in communication with the Brewery Workers' headquarters and all parties to the agreement can report "progress. ''
On Btrike at' Fernle and Michel,
The employees of the Forme-Fort
Steele Brewing Co. at Fernie, and those
of the Elk Valley Brewery at Michel,
B. €., found it necessary to go on strike
on Momluy to enforce a wuge increase
of 15 per cent., aftor failing to reach
an agreemont by negotiation.
Liquor Store Clerks Underpaid.
There are a large number of men
engaged in tho liquor stores of Vancouver and throughout the province.
They are not organized, but there is
much discontent among them over the
miserable wages being paid. There is
u likelihood of them organizing and
becoming an auxiliary of the well-organized Bartenders' League, for the
pjrpose of securing better working
conditions and more pay.
Waiting for a Decision.
Pending a decision of the provincial
government next month, the dealers in
wet goods are busy stalling off their
employeea, who are constantly after
more wages, with the plea that they are
wniting to see what the result will be
at Victoria, when the house meets in
special session. Meantime the employees are about fed up on promises
and waiting and bave all but made up
their minds to secure living wages in
the interim. These underpaid men declare that the liquor business is thriving and that there is no legitimate reason why they should be put off with
such scanty wages and treatment. Like
most other wage-workers, the complainants are beginning to realize that it is
only those workmen who organize and
look after their own interests who get
anywhere.    Hence the whichly, .
CROWS NEST OOAL MINERS
BAOK AT WORK, PERHAPS1
Dally Press Reporte Somewhat Garbled
and Confusing—No Official Pronouncement Tet.
- A good deal has been snid during
the past few days in the daily press
covering the "return to work of the
Crows Nest Pass coal miners.' "The
Federationist haB received no official
statement from the executive officers of
District 18, U. M. W. of A., and would
advise miners to "wait and see" before returning to the strike zone.
STRIKE AT B. O. SUGAR
REFINERY STILL IN FOROE
Scab Products   of  the  Sugar  Baron
Should Be Shunned By Believers
In Fair Play.
The strike at the B. C. Sugar Refinery is still in full force and effect.
Tbe Sugar Baron haa the jumps. He
is nervous and irritable. He has evon
resorted to spending money with some
of the local papers iu uu effort to stem
the tide of an indignant public opinion. The average consumer in this part
of Canada at least is becoming sick
and tired of food speculators of all
species, especially those of tbe Rogers
type. P. C, 172, along witb a reinforced bunch of Thiels and city police
were on hand last Monday morning in
anticipation of something or other,
which failed to materialize. This because the system of the Thiels is to
forecast trouble, in order that more employment may be forthcoming for their
tribe. However, the strikers are still
active and on the job and with tbe continued support of organized labor are
already making condition* much better for tbe scabs now herded like sheep
in the big Rogers' slave pen on Powell
street. In fact If the management had
dealt as liberally witb tbeir employees
in the first place as they are now doing with tbe strike-breakers much trouble might have been avoided. Meantime members of organized labor nre
urged not to purchase the scab products of the B. C. Sugar Refinery.
Is to Join Colleague, B. T. Rogers
A Petrograd dispatch says that the
former czar had $35,000,000 deposited
in the Bank of England for a rainy
day. "He must have been planning to
move to Vancouver," remarks the
Winnipeg Telegram.
Electrical Workers Receive Increase.
The B. C. Electric Railway Co. has
made a voluntary raise in tbe wages
paid to members of the Electrical
Workers' union in its employ. ThoBe
who were getting $4.50 per eight-h^ur
d&y, will now receive $4.60. ThoBe who
are working on u monthly bosiB will receive a fiat increase of $10 per month.
THE HOUR FOR THE ABOLITION
OF
HAS STRUCK
The Wage System of Robbery and Rapine Miist Go—There Can Be No Peace in the
World Short of That—In This Hour of Ruling Class Ferocity and Blood-madness
Drastic Action Is Required—Organized Labor Should Call the Tune
THE PERlbD IN THE LIFE historv of human socilty which students of social evolution term civilization, had its birth and beginning in the enslavement of the weaker amongst mankiiid, by their
more aggressive and powerful fellows. Anil civilisation has from that time right down to the pre-
sent, been built upon human slavery: the rule and robep-y of the working class by a master or govern-
ing class. From its very beginning this period of civilization has been one unbroken tale of strife
turmoil, chicanery, brutality, tyranny, oppression, huAian slaughter, rapine and devastation. The loftiest achievements of this delectable period consist of a ruling and owning class, powerful for evil fat
brutal, conscienceless, bloodthirsty and unspeakably mean and vulgar, and an enslaved working class'
powerful in production, tortured, driven, plundered and despoiled into a condition of chronic poverty'
misery and uncertainty of the future, that is fast becoming absolutely intolerable. The supreme culmination of the thousand centuries of this most glorious slave civilization is now being staged in Europe
where slayes by countless millions are being joyously fed into the fiery furnace of ruling class bestiality, rapacity and lust for blood and gore, and the fair land turned into a torture chamber of hell alongside of which a Dante's inferno would be an Elysian field of sweet content in comparison. And this
delightful spectacle is the grandest, the noblest, the loftiest accomplishment the ruling class of the
world can offer, in justification of its centuries of rule and robbery, of the countless millions of slaves
who are still being ruled, robbed' and slaughtered.
'Soft Words Butter He Parsnips.
This is no time for soft words.
The problem forcing itself upon human kind for solution is altogether too
pressing to be dealt with by means of
pious platitudes and ambiguous utterances,
A spade should be called a Bpj.de; a
slave a slave and a robber class a robber class no matter whose feelings may
be hurt as a consequence.
The world is vexed and pestered exceedingly by poverty, crime, vice, corruption, immorality, and now, as if all
the devils in bell had conspired to fill
tbe cup of human misery to the brim,
war with its awful train of horror, pestilence, disease, death, degradation and
misery.
And yet all of this horror and misery
is directly traceable to the one fundamental crime from which all of this
vexatious train of evils come, and thot
crime is the enslavement of man by
man. Never since the first slave was
shackled has there been'peace in human
society.
No matter wbat may or may not be
done for the alleviation of the sores resulting from the rigors of the masters
service, the genernl conditions of tbe
slaves becomes progressively worse, and
the masters are constantly compelled to
increase their police power in order to
keep them suitably tame.
No matter how pious the masters may
become, quarrels are alwayB breaking
out among them in consequence of disputes over the division and distribution of tbe spoils resulting from the
robbery of their enslaved victims
No matter what may be done there
can be no peace so long ns human society and its institutions are based Upon
the one fundamental crime which Ib the
prolific parent of the vile bjood of pestilential evils that make war, murder
and devastation inevitable. That fundamental crime iB slavery.
What Is Slavery?
The essence of Blavery ia that the
enslaved shall bring forth material
wealth for tbe master.
The slave must feed, clothe, shelter
and otherwise provide for the comfort
of the master. He'can do nothing for
himself except by the master's permission and it is worthy of note that such
permission is seldom if ever allowed to
go beyond the bare feeding and clothing of himself in such manner as is
absolutely necessary to keep him in suitable condition to continue to work for
his masters' profit.
At certain stages of his historical
career the slave was owned outright as
property, by the master, at others he
was tied to the land of hiB overlord, and
virtually became an attachment or appurtenance thereto, just like the pigs,
cattle, horses, nsBes, buildings, etc.
Later on he became what is termed a
wage slave by some, and a "free laborer" by otherfl.
He is no longer owned outright by an
individual master, nor yet is he tied to
the real estate of an individual overlord, but is allowed to run at large over
the world plantation of the master
class, the latter full well knowing that
his necessities will compel him to apply to the various class-owned and controlled industries whenever he gets hungry, where he will forsooth be only too
pleased to take advantage of bis dearly bought liberty to run loose, by exchanging it for grub and producing
th grub himself.
And out of the wholesome and abundant gratitude of bis heart he will also,
willingly und without apparent duress,
fall merrily to and bring forth a large
measure of meat and drink and good
housing and purple and fine linen for
the masters, all of which he will do
without money and without price.
This is the process whereby the capitalist class of the world wuxes fat, rich
and arrogant at the expense of the enslaved and tortured working class of
the world. All that there ever was, is,
or can be to slavery is fully expressed
in the present wage system of industry.
It differs from the chattel slavery and
feudal serfdom of old, in outward appearance only. In essence it is the
same, in spite of the fact that it wears
the garb of un apparent freedom.
What the Bow Is Ahout?
All the wars of history have been
waged around the holding of slaves and
the control and disposition of the plunder accruing to the masters from their
toil and sweat.
The present war is no exception
If slavery did not exist, there would
be nothing to go to war about, unless
it might.be instigated by some portion
of human society for the purpose of
enslaving some other portion.
But the productive power of labor
has long since become ho grent, through
the development of tbe tools and technique of industry, that it is no longer
necessnry that slavery should exist in
order thut some might be enabled to enjoy the comforts of a leisured existence.
The matter of producing sufficient of
the thingB necessary to a comfortable
and healthy existence for all people,
has long since become such a simple
matter, that is, if production be Intelligently directed to that end, that at
most but a comparatively insignificant
amount of labor could be required from
each individual in the community to
amply provide for the reasonable
wants of all.
All tbat is necessary to realize such
a consummation bo devoutly to be wish-
fed, is that slavery Bhall end and thef   As an indication of wbat is to be
productive energy of al¥be, henceforth,
directed towards providing the material
requisites for a Bane and healthful existence for all.
Out of the riot and turmoil of the
present spectacle of ruling class accomplishment of the past ten thousand
years along the line of human uplift
and human happiness, there is coming
an ever more insistent demand for soch
a change in social and industrial affairs as will admit of something better
than wholesale misery for the only useful part of human Bociety in times of
ruling class peace and its wholesale
slaughter in times of ruling ctass blood-
madneBS and war-frenzy.
What Must Be Done?
In order that the curse of human
slavery may be lifted from the sons of
men, and the present era of blood and
carnage may be brought to an end
never to return, the ownership and administration of industry.and the resources of the earth must be taken out
of the hands of the profit-mad and
blood-crazy class that now owns and
controls them, and such ownership nnd
control uss'jmed by and on behalf of the
people of each country as a whole.
the cIubs ownership and control of
the means of Ufe must give way to
ownership and control by the whole people acting collectively together for the
collective or common good. Government
of men for the purpose of their enslavement and exploitation, must give way
to the administration of industry by
free men and women for the purpose of
providing themselves and their dependents with all the good, and necessary
things of life that earth's opportunities
may afford and their own tastes and
desires may demand.
In other words),, slave society must
give way to a society of free people, a
people no longer split into warring factions because it is divided into a class
of vulgar and brutal, masters upon tbe
one hand, and a class of equally vulgar
land ruthlessly robbed and tortured
slavos upon the other.
And the hour of that transformation
is at hand..
How It WW Be Done?
The Federationist haB not hesitated
to criticize the officials of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada whenever in its opinion, said officials deserved criticism.
Upon the other band, this paper haB
not withheld approval of their acts
whenever it deemed such acts merited
favorable comment.
While there may be one or more of
the officials of the Congress who are
not readily located during these days
when divergence from the stereotyped
opinion of ruling cluss authority nnd
its apologists is more than apt to bring
down upon the head of the recalcitrant
much opprobrium and even ostracism
and social fumigation, it must be acknowledged that J. G. Watters, president
of the Congress, has allowed neither
fog, confusion or silence to stand in the
way of letting his constituents know
where he stands upon the paramount
issues of the day.
B.C.F. OFL. MAKES
APPEAL FOR MINERS
OF THE CROWS NEST
The Executive of the British
Columbia Federation of Labor
hereby issues an appenl for financial assistance for the B. C. members of District 18 of thc United
Mine Workers of America.
In submitting this appeal,
through The Federationist, we
do so with the feeling that the
affiliated membership, and those
organizations not timliatcd will
recognize that tbe trouble between the miners nnd thc operators is due to the ever rising cost
of living, which has been the
cause of many disputes all over
the country. Impossible proposals were submitted to the men in
this district, the result being
that they were turned down by
a large majority of tbe membership, and while it may appear
at this time that the trouble will
be settled in the ncur future,
funds ure needed to support the
men until the question is settled
satisfactorily to thc men concerned.
The miners of this province
have at all times been more than
genero.]B in their attitude to tlie
orgunized workers of the province, nnd have hnd fights on
their lunula which have depleted
their funds to u considerable extent.
It is therefore necessary to is-
sue this appeal on their behalf.
i FundB may be sent to the office
of the secrtary-treasurer of the
Federation, A. 8. Wells, P. O,
Box 1838, Victoria, B. C, but
preferably they should be mat to
ThoB. France, Drawer 829, Fornie, B. C.
JOS. NAYLOR,
President.
A. S. WELLS,
Secrtnry-Trensurer.
done and how, the following is a reply
to a letter from the secretary of the B.
C. F. of L. to Watters, is well worth
careful perusal.
Mr. Watters says:
"The premier haB pledged that
the whole power of the nation shall
be concentrated on the task of winning the war. Tbe whole power of
the nation is not limited to man
power, which, in itself is jseles, but
to the material wealth us well. I am
strongly of the opinion then, that
the greatest and most patriotic service we can render to our country,
our motherland, and our allies in the
struggle to preserve our liberties and
our democracy iB, on the day conscription of man power is put into
effect to implement the pledge of the
premier, by forcing the government
to conscript material wealth through
every worker in the Dominion refusing to work for the guin of the private profiteer and offering his service to the nation and the nation
alone. In other words not a wheel
of industry would turn except for the
nntion in its hour of need. Not a
mine, railway, mill nor factory necessary to be operated for tbe successful prosecution of the war, wo'ald bc
operated for the profit of the owners
of such, but solely, in conjunction
with man power, for military purpos-
ess, to protect the nation."
Should Be Tip Enough.
To tbe thoughtful reader it will certainly be clear that if the whole power
of the nation is to be centred upon
winning the war, then it logically follows that no part of tbe nation's power
can be turned to the purpose of fattening the wallets of profit-hungry
souls whose mission in life is not the
winning of wars but tbe getting of
something for nothing.
That is their sole mission in life, either in time of peace or in time of war.
To whatever extent the substance of
tbe nation is sapped by the profit-
sacking proclivities of useless scions of
tbe House of Fat, to thut extent is
tbe nation's energy subverted from the
purpose in hand, thut of winning the
war.
Therefore the real patriot is he who
insists that no individual or class interest shnll be allowed for a moment
to suck up and partake of tbe substance ' and strength that ought to go
to the protection and defense of the
nntion in its hour of pert*.
So much for that.
The same thoughtful render will nt
onc realize that there is no more reason why idlers and loafers should be
allowed to sap up the nation's substance in times of peace than in time
of war.
If it be a matter of justifiable concern tbat tbe nation should he protected against its enemies in time of war,
then it ntfast be of equally justifiable
concern that it be also protected
times of peaee.
One cannot well speak, of a nation
without taking into consideration tbe
individual persons who compose tlint
nntion.
If these nre to be protected from
"Huns*' in time of war and in order
so to do it becomes necessary to turn
nil of the powers of ,tbe nation to that
purpose, by what logic can it be urged
that the type of bloodsucker and-profit-grabber wbo so dangerously cripples
the nation in time of war should be
allowed to ply his evil trade in time of
peace ?
The people of the nations of the
world whether at wnr or not are seriously threatened as to their very existence through the profit-sucking power
fit' the baneful ruling class interests
therein entrenched.
Each und every one of these modern
industrinl and merchandising concerns
must be taken over by the state and
the last [Vestige of profit cut o.tt of the
operation.
The last profit-monger must go th
way of till other vermin.
Every resource of the earth nnd all
of the productive power of the people
in euch country must be turned to the
only legitimate purpose that can possibly lie behind their use, and that is
the comfort und huppincss of the peo
pie as u whole.
All of tho terrible and criminn
wnsto that is involved in the profit and
plunder wrung from the toilers by the
rulers nnd masters of the earth must
be stopped and the life giving stream
of useful production turned to tbe common good nnd the^'jplift of huhumity
to a plane of civilization nbove the
dull, sordid, slavish and bloody level of
that, of todny.
The duy is nt hnnd,
Before  the  lost  hns  been  heard  of
jllie present war, thc hour will strike.
j    There  is a   rainbow  of  promise  in
j the  socinl   sky,  that  hernluB  the  np1
iproaoh of n better time.
Two-Platoon  System   Has
Been Promised Winnipeg
Firemen After War
The city firemen have not as yet
heard from Ottawa with reference to
the appointment of the arbitration
board as requested by them to consider
their demand for the two-platoon system.. It is probable that the Dominion
authorities are delaying action in order
to have full information as to the exact status of the case before them. The
men are standing firm for their request
that an impartial board oonsider the
matter but are patiently waiting for
full Information before planning any
action of a drastic nature.
Information has been received from
the Winnipeg firemen to the effect that
their demand for better treatment has
been successful. In view of .the strong
public sentiment created by the revelation as to tbe conditions under which
the firemen were working, the city
authorities were practically forced fo
not only advance wages and better
working conditions, but also to take definite action on the establishment of a
two platoon system. Winnipeg firemen
of the flrst rank now receive 110 more
per month than is pnid in Vancouver,
nave one day off in four and are promised the two-platoon system at the
close of the war. All of which goes
to show the justice of the demands of
the Vancouver firemen.
Mayor McBeath feels a little sore at
the report of his interview withal the
firemen as reported in The Federationist of last week. He considers that be
was misunderstood when he.was quoted as saying that should the firetoen
Btrike, a force of scrubs could be engaged to take their places and that he
would see that there was no organization among the men in tbe, future. He
claims thut what be did say was that
steps would probably be taken to prevent any organization work among the
firemen in the future.
Metal Trades Elects Offlcen,
At Wednesday night's meeting of
the Metal Trndes Conucil the following
officers were elected for the ensuing
term: President, A. Donaldson. Mold
ers; vice-president, W. Marshall, Boil
ermnkers; financial secretary, J. Hey,
Plumbers: recording secretary, F. W,
Welsh, Plumbers; sergt.-nt-unns, ,1
Strachan, Sheet Metal Workers; statistician. H. Simpson, Molders.
Firemen Still Waiting For
Action of Dominion
Authorities
BOARD'CENTRALLABORBODir
IN SESSION UST
EVENING
Many New Delegates Admitted to Central Labor
Body Last Night
WATERFRONT STRIKERS MAY
8EOVRE AGREEMENT TODAY
Negotiations Up to Last Night Were
Tolerably Satisfactory to the Striking Seamen and Victory .Assured
The strike of firemen, deckhands and
others on coastwise shipping, pulled by
the Seamen's union last week, bus run
the gauntlet of a week, with a "news"
story every day. But The Federationist, unfortunately, only comeB out
once a week, each Friday'morning. In
this ease the strikers hnve happily
spoiled a good story. Negotiations
have reached sucb a satisfactory stage
that to review the events of the week
lending up, to the present near-victory
for the strikers, might be wrongly construed. It ia not improbable that some
time later today the waterfront strikers of the coast cities will be back at
work on terms agreed upon between the
pnrties to the dispute.
PLUMBERS, STEAM AND FIFE
FITTERS GAINING MEMBERSHIP
Business   Agent   Cowling   Announces
Restoration of Old Wage Scale of
t6 Per 8-Hour Day.
Plumbers' local, No. 170, Vancouver,
reports that the members have succeeded in" restoring the old 1914 scale of
wages, namely $5' per eight-hoar day,
dating from July 1st. Int. Org. Clarke,
who bad been bere for a few days, succeeded in starting a general campaign
for increased membership, which the
local business ugent, Jns. Cowling,
currying on with vigor and determination. Forty-two new members have
been initiated during the past few
weeks and there are others en route.
The plumbers huve had troubles of
their own since the bustling days of
11* 11, but the situation is righting itself
nnd before long Vancouver will again
be uble to announce a 100 per cent,
organization.
STEAM ENGINEERS CAN
DEFEND ON THEMSELVES
Membership Increasing at Rate Which
Ensures Power to Enforce Demands.
At a well-attended meeting of local
020, the following officers were elected
for the next term, commencing July 1:
President, Dave Hodges; vice-prcsi
dent, Percy Chapman; business ngent,
W, A. Alexander; recording Hecretnry,
F. Hunt; guard and conductor, Wm.
Boys; trustees, J, R. Flynn, Geo. Michel-
son, Dnve Hodges.
Owing to the continued ndvance in
the price of commodities, the membership have decided to make several
changes in their wage scale, in nn en-
deuvor to combat thc high cost of living. Providing the membership of this
local continues to incrense at thc rate
of the past few months, it will not bc
necessary for them to go on their knees
to thc government begging for nn 8-
hour day. They will be able to stand
erect, and demand it, as men.
Members outside the city, should do
their bit, and rather than knitting socks
in tlieir spare time, should bc getting
new members. Remember every member helps. The business ugent ennnot
du it ull for you.   Help yourself.
Typo. Auxiliaries ln the West.
Mrs. B. W. Bellamy, Internntionnl
first vice-president of the I. T. U. Women's auxiliary, is meeting with splendid success in her efforts to organise
locals throughout western Canada. She
bus started n live campaign by instituting a strong auxiliary at Winnipeg.
Next oume Moose Jaw, where ut nn
enthusiastic meeting it whb decided to
organize and provisional Officers were
elected. Mrs. Bellamy received strong
support from the Typo, unions in both
cities.
Conscription Still the Subject of Much Live
Discussion
ONE OF THE LARGEST bunches
of delegates obligated for some,
time faced President McVety at laat,
night's meeting of Vancouver Trades
and Labor council, sixteen stepping
forward entitled to sit in the council
Credentials received were as fallows:
Shipyard Laborers' union—fi, Oliver,
G. Hepburn, M. A. Phelps, G. Mcintosh. Brewery Workers—Bro. Pyke..
United Brotherhood of Carpenten and
Joiners—G. H. Hardy, W. Thomas, O.
Thom, J. E. Campbell. A. McDonald.
M, McKenzie. Amalgamated Sheet
Metal Workers—A. J. Crawford, J.
Freind. Cigar Makers—A. P. Tletjen,
Herman Kurbitx, Frank Swarts. Painters, Decorators anu Paperhangers—R,
Stevenson, W. Knight. Longshoremen's
union—W. 3; Gillespie, E. Sollis, W.
Steen, E. Winch, W. Wright, W. H.
Yates.
Applications for affiliation were received from .the Shipyard and Laborers' union, and unanimously accepted,
the delegates for, this local also presenting their credentials.-
Anti-Conscription at Winnipeg.
A communication was received from
the Anti-Conscription League of Winnipeg, asking what steps had been taken to combat conscription, the secretary stating that he had replied giving
the information asked for. Delegate
Hardy asked that, a copy of the reply
be read, but aa such had not been kept
Secretary Midgley gave the delegates
the substance of his reply, and informed Delegate Tree, wbo asked a question,
that he had told the correspondent that
a strike vote had been taken in the
province.
WiU Send Delegates.
Del. Miss Gutteridge took exception
to an amendment offered by Pel. Tree
that a communication from the Proportional Representation Society asking
that two delegates be appointed, and
remarked that proportional representation appeared to be a step, along the
lines of political reform. She thought
it waa useless to file every communication which was not along the lines
of the propaganda of the B P. of Canada.
Secretary Midgley opposed the amendment as did Del. Dickinson. It waa
lost, the council deciding that the request be concurred in.
Sugar Refinery Strike.
In connection with a communication
from the Sjgar Refinery Workers' union, Pres. McVety Baid the executive
had advised the Sugar Refinery workers to send a mixed delegation to the
various locals. If they did not seem interested enough to do this, the couneil
could; not help them much. The communication was filed. President MeVety Baid he would be glad to recommend that the various locals make
donations, and he felt that bis own
local would do so.
Reports of Officers.
A. Jolliffe wrote asking if there were
shipbuilding workers available, and
was replied to by President McVety,
who Btated that there was no shortage
of lubor sucb as was mentioned.
The president also reported for Del.
Crawford and himself in connection
with the Brewery Workers' application
for an increase of $2 per week. He
stated that an increase had been granted to some of the men in the bottle
shops, but that the management did
not feel disposed to make a general increase. The committee wired the International and received reply that the
International declined to permit violation oi agreements but agreed with %
requeBt by thc locals in Vancouver,
Victoria, und New Westminster for a
voluntary increase. The Brewery Workers' locul hud decided to adopt the suggestion und a joint meeting won taking
place between the committees of tha
three locals.
President McVety reported in connection witb the alleged violations of
the Shipping Act in ships out of tha
port of Vancouver, 'the matter was
aired bofore the Harbor Board, which
undertook to take the question up with
the shipping maBter, who would advise
them, but up to the presont they had
received no communication.
Vanconver Institute Speakers.
It wus announced thnt arrangements
I hud been made for speakers to occupy
the platform at the Vancouver Institute, President McVety speaking on
November 20 on "Industrial Accidents
and Workmen's Compensntion"; January 31, W. R. Trotter, "Migration
Within the Empire"; Mnrch 14, E. T.
Kingsley, "Capital, Labor und tho
State."
Reports of Unions.
Delegate Hoover reported thnt tho
Streetrailwaymen hnd voted another
$100 to the striking Sugar Refinery
workers.     y
Del, Burns, Sailors' union, said  tho
lay-off at present existing in tbeir Hue
Continued on page C
Socialist Party
of Canada
MEETINGS   EVERY STODAY
NIOHT, 8 o'clock
REX THEATRE
Subject:
'Revolution in Progress
and Impending'
Spenker:
J. HARRINGTON PAGE TWO
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IT MIGHT AS WELL   lu   acknowledged that thc "Hun'-' of Central
Europe is a somewhat* doughty antagonist.   His thirteenth century "kultur" armed and oquippod with twentieth  century tools
THE and   weapons,    has
HEAL HUN enabled him to ere-
AT OUB GATES   ate a havoc ia the
camp   of
tion that could not well bo beaton by
a "bull in a china shop."   That he
will in time be beaten into quietude
goes without saying, for as bad as cap<
italiat civilization may be, it cannot
quite stand for being driven back into
the feudal bog of the middle ages from
which    it    originally    escaped.    With
practically the entire outside world arrayed against the Teuton feudal empires,  with    their    semi-barbaric  and
Mohammedan outposts,   the   odds are
too heavily against the "Hun" combination to admit of even the possibility of Ub winning out.   It will either
succumb to twentieth contrary political
ideas and "kultur," or suffer the only
other alternative, that of annihilation.
Even   twentieth   century   (capitalist)
"kultur" is nothing to brag about, for
it can bear no sweeter moral and ethical perfume than that of the slavery
of labor upon which it iB based, but
as bad as it is, it still is somewhat of
an improvement over that of six centuries ago.    It haa at least dispensed
with aome of   the   coarser and more
brutal apeets of ruling class ruffianism
and has veneered the rulers and mas
tera of slaves with a subtile polish that
renders their rule less shockingly ob*
noxious, though perhaps no less vulgar, than during the real feudal period.
It is far less physically painful for
slaves to be ruled by means of legal
edicts in the hands of smug hypocrisy,
than by. meana of a knotted club in the
hands of "the divine right of kings."
*      *      *
But Bpeaking of the "Huns," however, it may be well    to    state that
short work would be made of the Central European variety if that was the
only kind to be dealt with upon this
most auspicious occasion. But the fact
is   that   the   mid-European   '' Hun,''
though perhaps the moat savage and
openly bloodthirsty, is by no means the
only Hun in  existence,  nor yet  the
most powerful.   He only represents a
section, and a small one at that, of the
vast horde that infests the earth, even
to  the  uttermost parts  thereof,   and
sucks the life blood of the producers of
wealth by means of that ancient and
honorable occupation of ruling and robbing.   In the common parlance of the
day these rulers and robbers are called
capitalists  and  their  ruling  and  robbing of labor is effected through their
ownership and control of the slaves of
industry, by owning and controlling the
resources   of   the   earth   and   the  machinery of production, which the slaves
must perforce have access to in order
to exist.    That ownership  (capitalist)
is the only thing that stands in  the
way of tbo swift and complete defeat
and even the completo annihilation of
the   mid-European   '' Hun,''    who   Ib
stubbornly    struggling    to    turn    tho
wheels of social and political development backward.   The life principle of
capital iB profit—tho getting of something for nothing.    Out of the conditions of war come splendid opportunities for proflt in greatly increased vol
ume to many lines of capitalist effort, business district now, and the sight of
Every interest thus favorably affected
by war circumstances becomes a powerful factor in furthering the war and
prolonging its period of life. And
every capitalist interest, even hucIi a.'
arc not directly benefitted by war con-
ditions, becomes increasingly active in
defense of itself during the war period
and will not surrender a tithe of its
powor to plunder, unloss compelled so
to do, no matter how greatly the nation may be imperilled by the conflict,
* * ' *
That which is driving the nations of
the earth to bankruptcy and eventual
ruin as capitalist nations, is not the
"Hun" of Prussian ill-fame, so much
ns it is the capitalist class itself in all
the entonte nations. Their greedy
smre of the opportunities afforded by
the war, and their merciless exaction
of the laat drop of profit blood that
can bo wrung from the quivering flesh
of the enslaved working class, is that
which is swiftly leading to their undoing by forcing their own conscienceless system of piracy and plunder into
irretrievable bankruptcy and ruin
These capitalist interests arc the real
Huns that are thundering nt the gates
of modern civilization and breaching
its walls. AH that the "Huhb" of
Central Europe havo been guilty of
doing is opening the doors of opportunity to the profit-toad world to hang
itself with its own rope. And right
well is it doing it, lostng sight of
everything else in its inordinate greed
to grab while the grabbing appeara to
be good.
»      *      •
And the Hun at our gates is neither
better nor worse than the much-abused
"Hun" of mid-Europe.   Both are actuated by the same lofty principle of
ruling and robbing   the   wealth producers of the earth.   The one would
do it in the older and cruder way and
with  the   minimum  of hypocrisy  and
pretense.   The other would do it in the
newer and bettor way and  Balve tho
sores of its slaves, as far as safety
will permit,   with   political platitudes
and democratic sophistries,   and   both
place their ultimate reliance upon thc
bayonet  and the machine gun.    With
the whole profit-mad   world   battering
its own gates and breaching ita own
embattlemonts, the  day of the working   class   revolution   is   rapidly   approaching. Its dawn iB even now breaking above and beyond the battlefields
of Europe.    The  red  flag of  the  oncoming proletarian    host   has already
been unfurled to the breeze in Bussia.
The terrific economic pressure of both
ruling class war and ruling class peace
is forcing the workers of all countries
into tho revolutionary path.   There is
no other courso to follow.   The revolution will come.   Either it will come in
peace or "in full panoply of war, with'
wild, dishevelled    locks'  and shod in
iron sandals."    There can be neither
peace or security in human society" until the laat ruler nnd robber has been
pitched over the battlements and the
last slave has    been    freed from the
those crippled Tommies, so cheerful despite their ci?uel handicaps, makes one
realize to tho utmost what the wastage
of war means. Any fine dny now, along
College and Yonge streets, in the vicinity of the convalescent home, can be
seen a couple of hundred of these gallant men who have made such great
sacrifices in the cause of Empire. Every
one of them was formerly a fino strapping, husky athlete; but to sec them
now, some minus both arms and perhaps a leg, others with an arm or a leg
gone, out sunning themselves and getting ready as quick as natlare can do
ao, for the struggle with life again
under such great handicaps as befel
them on the battlefield.
"I aaw dozens of fine, big fellows,
legless now, wheeling themselves along
in hand-propelled chairs. Scores were
hobbling around on crutches and there-
was a spirit of helpfulness pervading
all that showed itself frequently in
such odd combinations aB where a returned here minus an arm but with his
legs still good, would pass his remaining arm around a fellow convalescent
minus a leg and they would hoy along
in a sort of three-legged race. All sorts
of unique pairing and combinations
were adopted, such as two men with
only two arms left between them, would
ait together to hold a magazine or
paper, or perhaps peel an orange. It
was the most striking Bight I ever saw
in my whole trip.''
*      *      *
It must have been a "striking
sight.'' And when it is considered that
these poor unfortunate dupes are multiplied a million fold in the various countries blessed by the rule of Mars and
glorified by hiB delectable slaughter
festa, duly staged and arranged by
kings, diplomats and statesmen, the
ridiculous and ruling peace prattlers
ought to be stoned off the earth and
room mado for more real heroes and
cripples. "To hell with peace" and
sdund men. On with war and the multiplication of cripples.
FRIDAY...
shackles of hia servitude.
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital paid-up .
Remyve Funds .
Total Assots 	
..$ 12,911,000
.. 11,324,000
.. 287,000,000
HEAD  OFFICE,  MONTREAL
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, WeBt Indies, etc., of whlcb 102
are west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday.  Interest credited half-yearly.   No delay ln withdrawal.
—SAVE TOUB MONEY-
O. 8. IIABBISON, Manager,
Oranrille ud Fender
8TABT A BANE ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't atow away your spare
cash In any old corner where it it
in danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
0. N. STAGEY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
T IS WITH extremo pleasure that
we read of the breaking up of
peace parade in tho city of Boston
on Sunday Inst, by hoodlums and hobos
wearing the army uniform; the turning
of a peace and nnti-
TO HELL conscription   meeting
WITH in Winnipeg into  a
PEACE. disgraceful   riot   by
"returned soldiers/'
upon the same holy Sabbath day especially dedicntod to the worship of
the "Prince of Peace;" tne arrest and
persecution of men in all parts of the
civilized world, and especially upon this
western continent, who doro to bo so
truly Christ-like and decent as to even
mildly protest against the glorious
slaughter that is going on in Europe,
greatly to the satisfaction of princes,
rulers and other great ones of tho earth
We note the supremo joy that such ennobling and uplifting practices bring to
the hearts of the "scribes and Pharisees," who fawn, lickspittle, pimp and
boost for tyranny and oppression, and
for the same purpose that ,1'udas betrayed his Master. It is high time that
the sickly longing for peace and decency in human society was destroyed,
and all the energy and talent of the
race turned towards making the noble
and manly art of murder, rapine and
devastation the goal of nil earthly effort and ambition.
As at least one unanswerable reason
why cvorybody should approve of casting verbal garbage at the mawkish
sentimentalists who weakly babble
against war and childishly prattle
nbout the desirability of pence, we gladly submit the following glenned from
the columns of one of the lot'al daily
scwerpipes of recent date. The reading
of it should give added strength to the
servile and lusty lungs of all the commercial drummers for Mars and his
"kultur," so that they might moro
sonorously sound the slogan so dear to
their hearts of, "to hell with pence."
* * #
"Of all places in Canada, Toronto is
the one city just now where the stern
realities of war are brought home to
one the most vividly," said P. L, Fellowes, supervising elty engineer, who
returned recently from a month's cohi-
bined business und holiday trip spent
in the eastern Canadian cities.
'It is hard to get nwny from the
war or the preparations for war, no
matter where one goes all over Cnnnda,
but I had its grim nnd pathetic features more forcibly brought to my attention in Toronto than I did even amid
the excitement of nnti-conscription
meetings i n M ont real and Qljcbec,''
continued Mr. Pollowos In an interview
with a Hun representative.
"There is a big convalescent home
for wounded and maimed soldiers located almost in the centre of Toronto's
WAR IS RATHER an expensive
proposition. This Europenn spectacle is running up an expense
bill that haB already reached staggering dimensions. And tho end ia not
yet in sight. From both aides of the
delightful contro-
WHO WILL versy  has  como  a
DEFRAY lot   of talk  about
THE EXPENSE?  who is to pay ita
coat.   The Teutonic
participants in thc  glorious  spectacle
have, of course, declared that the victory would be theirs and the beaten
enemy be forced to pay a sufficient
indemnity to recoup them for the expense   incurred.     The Entente   Allies
have assumed a similar position and
emphatically declare   that   the wicked
"Huns" shall be made to pay through
the  nose for all of ..the damage and
expense they have inflicted upon the
righteous world outside their borders.
And now comes along the Russian revolution  and out  of it    a  demand  for
peace without either the annexation of
territory or the lovying of indemnities.
Strange to say, this demand is being
voiced by various ridiculous and ill-
balanced people outside of Russia and
seems to be gaining adherents from all
quarters.     But auch a proposition is
quite shocking to tbe real capitalist ear,
that is perfectly attuned to the splendid symphony of buying and selling,
and trading and trafficking, and owing
and paying, and cheating and swindling, and suing   and    collecting, and
doadbeating and defaulting, that constitutes the moral and ethical melody
of modern civilization.   The capitalist
brain can visualize only in terms of tho
market; in the terms of trade and commerce. War is only viewed from a business standpoint.   The first question that
arises is, what is there in itf   What is
it to cost and how are we going to get
oar money back, along with a ' {reason-
able profit?"   How can we make tho
other fellow pay the billt
*      *       *
Bat the capitalist is not the only individual in human society who thinks
solely in terms of buying and selling;
in terms of trade and commerce.   The
average workingman,  tho   wage slave,
the mudsill   of   capitalist civilization,
also thinks in the same terms, that is,
if he thinks at all, which is a matter
of extreme doubt.    Thnt he measures
everything that cornea within the scope
of his narrow mental vision with thi
same tapelino as his master, the capitalist, is duo   to   the fact that he is
merely a trader himself.   He produces
a commodity—lnbor power—and noils it
in the market, just ub his muster, his
employor, may sell meat,   leather    or
steel.     Tho first question that occurs
to him is, what is there in itf   What
ia the payf   Who is to pay me!   As a
seller of labor power in the market his
time is solely occupied    in    wrestling
with  the  problems  and  exigencies  of
his business.   His vision seldom extends,
beyond tho circumscribed limits of the
market.    Like his confreres, the merchants and dealers in other lines of
goods,  he rarely    strays    outside  the
realm of business logic.   Like all other
merchants ho remaina loyal to his merchandise   and   faithfully   follows   the
rules, thinks tho thoughts and voices
the aspirations of the noble trading nnd
speculating fraternity to which he genetically belongs.   All organizations of
traders, whether    they    be traders in
labor power or any other commodities,
if  they are  organizod for trade purposes, ennnot. act like  men,    for    the
very simple renson that they nro dominated by their wares.      They become
the living expression    of   these wares
seeking a market.   As onc author has
put it, such organizations aro "tho offorts of wares to net like hion,   Wares
cannot act like men, for wares are only
things." ;
According to the press reports the
secretary of tho federated tradeB of
England, in his recent report, offers
some objection to the proposed peace
settlement upon the basiB of "no annexations and no indemnities." He
wishes to know who, in the event of
such a settlement, "will compensate
the workers of the invaded countries
for the money lost and mental agony
they have endured! He naively aaks,
"Who will compensate the workers of
neutral countries whoso maritime trade
has been destroyed!" Being an official of a purely trading organization
the matter of a peace settlement of the
war could appeal to him only in terms
understandable from a commodity
standpoint. The first question that occurred to him was: what is there in it
for the dealers in labor power! How
are these dealers to obtain redress for
the damages inflicted upon their business in consoquence of the war! Like
all other real merchants they want
compensation for damages inflicted
upon them. So do our gallant dealers
in booze want "juat compensation"
for such damage as may result to their
business through the wieked crusade of
prohibition. However, the dangerous
revolutionary tendency of labor organizations that are atill so completely
plekled with the brine of trade u to
possess no range of vision beyond that
of mere buying and selling, Ib so plainly apparent that ruling class authority
should be able to see it and take the
necessary steps to head it off.
*     * - *
Who will defray the expense! Nobody, For the very simple reason that
payment in full has been made and is
being made each day by those and to
those who are taking an active part in
it. They are paying with their lives
and blood. Some will receive payment
during the remaining years of their
battered lives by being privileged to
sell shoestrings upon the street or hold
out a tin cup for the pennies of Christian charity. Ab to ony other payment,
it is an impossibility. There is nothing
to pay with. If an indemnity could be
levied upon the defeated side to the
controversy, this does not mean that
any working people would receive pay-
mont for anything that they had either
done or suffered. It would only mean
that the property interests of one country would be recouped for their losses
at the expense of the property interests
of another. Not a farthing of the
world's debts would have been wiped
off in conBoquonco. And so it is with
all of thc world's debt, either in peace
or war. By tho same token that it is
contracted—and that is the impossi
bility of disposing of the surplus value
accruing to capital from the exploitation of labor, except upon credit—this
debt can never bo paid. It must, on
the contrary, always increase until that
happy time comes when it shall have
assumed such tremendous proportions
that thc ridiculous credit scheme of
capitalism will break down because of
the mathomnticnl impossibility of longer continuing the hoary old farce. Then
tho sponge of repudiation will clear the
slate of history and mako way for human freedom nnd thc nge of roason. It
looks as though this war was even now
wiping thc slate with its bloody sponge.
If it is not it surely is rapidly preparing the elate for the sponging process.
...July 6, 1917
Jacques' disclosures about the eminently nourishing qualities of weeds and
their manifest cheapness and therefore
desirability as food for thc poor, be
taken as n serioys reflection upon the
wisdom of the creator of all things.
We prefer, however, to leave that to
the lady herself, and to others of her
kind who are such deadly enemies of
soaring prices," and who so effectively and intelligently combat the evil.
A pigweed and nettle rampant and terrible, "soaring prices" coucnant, and
terrified, with a weed "terrace" as a
background, ahould be boldly emblazoned upon their banner. Long live Mrs.
Jacques, the pigweed, the milkweed,
and tho nettle. Down with the day of
poverty and high prices. Forward to
the day of affluence for all in an eternal    terrace" of most succulent weeds.
LET THEM EAT WEEDS
CHICAGO, Juno 16.—-As a remedy fnr the
soaring pricei) of foodstuffs, Mrs, W. K.
Jacques, of 4316 Greenwood avenue, weed
export, urges housewives to oae weeds, on
their tables. She was their champion long
before the war compelled nations to be concerned about famines. Mrs, J. C. Bley o
the Housewives' league is lecturing of vulti*
to farmers' wives. And the lowly weed is
coming into its own, to Mrs. Jacques' delight.
At her farm, tho Terrace, near South Haven, Mich., Mrs. Jacques encouragea all weeds
to grow. She has made a study of each
weed and values them for food.
"Thoro are ten weeds that ean be used for
food," ahe said. "These are the dock, nettle, sorrel, purslane, milkweed, lambs1 quarter, pigweed, marsh marigold, brake fern and
dandelion. They make excellent greens and
aro nourishing.
"Weeds are imported from tho old world.
They follow man In civilization and never
grow wild. They are the most human and
most domestic of plants.
"They arn the most Intelligent of plants."
—Press Dispatch.
WE HAVE forgotten for thc moment
the name of tho noble Frenchman
in the days of the French revolution,
who, when told that the poor were
without bread, replied, "let them ent
grass," That his head was subsequently displayed in the market place with
his noble mouth stuffed with grass, and
dried grass at that, hns little to do with
the case, unless it bo as an illustration
of the wisdom of not prescribing a diet
for othors that one is not prepnred tr
apply to himself. But be that ns it
may, thc above remedy for the "soaring prices" that now so afflict '.ib, is
by fur the most sensible and promiseful
wo have yet heard of. The merit of
good Mrs. Jacques' remedy, however,
will not readily be recognized by the
countless millions of "prisoners of poverty" who live in the congested confers
of population, and amid such squalid
aad, deadly surroundings that no weed
could survive nnd nothing above tho
level of vermin could renlly thrive,
Theso poor prisoners possess no "terrace" where succulent weeds may he
"encouraged" to grow. That is, of
course, no fault of Mrs, Jacques and
her "weeds." It is the fault of the
poor themselvea. They should have
saved their money and bought a "terrace." But it is really Bad to think
that because of their wasteful extravagance and lack of foresight they will
eventually bo "gathered to their fathers" without ever hnving awakened to
tho happy realization of the nourishing
qualities of nettles and the fat-producing dynnnllos of pigweed. The titillating joy of spiking the profit-gun of tho
food speculator, by copiously partaking
of sorrel soup and milkweed friensse,
will never be theirs. All because they
neither have a "terrace" of their own,
nor yet dwell in such Convenient proximity to that of Mrs. J ea uqtfo.aha c
they could annex, surreptitiously or
otherwise, the succulent weeds'that are
therein "encouraged" to grow as n
threat and a mennee to the "souring
prices," nnd the villians who profit
greatly thereby. Wore it not bordering
Upon the profane, we would beg to suggest that the undoubted fnct that the
"warrens of the poor" are far better
calculated to breed lice thnn to grow
woods, might, in tho light of good Mrs. |
STABTUNO "TRANSFORMATION"
We call upon Parm Pettipiece, of the British Columbia Federationist; A. W. Patteo,
of tho Winnipeg Voice, and Jimmy Simpson,
of the Toronto Industrial Banner, to bear
witneas to the following editorial declaration
from the Hamilton Labor News, Sam Landers, edltor-and-everythlng elso. Did any of
you over think it waa In him t And can you
explain what caused the transformation from
pure and simpleton to commonsenset Read
and rub yonr eyes:
"All property valne at sny time existing,
matter how great ita magnitude aa expressed In the statistics of the time, is due
solely to the presence and activities of the
working elan, the wealth producers of that
time. Being the sole producers of valne, as
expressed in termi of wealth or property, it
la easily to be seen that the working class
constitutes all there is to that sacred and
much- revered institution termed property.
The worken of tke world eonatitnte the property of the world, or rather the property
of the ruling class of the world. There isn't
anything else te property. Jnst workers,
that's all. There is nothing else on earth
worth owning, for there is nothing else that
en bring forth vain* for the owner for nothing. The ownership of lands, factories,
rallwaya, etc., is In reality a elever piece of
flimflam, a huge Joke. Under the pretense of
that ownership, onr dearly beloved capitalist
brethren get away with the ownership of the
actual property on earth, the working class.
Stripped of all hypocrisy and pretense, the
workers are slaves, owned body and soul by
their precious capitalists and other ruling
class overlords and masters. This entire pretended property institution of which we hear
so muoh, and which we ire ao persistently
taught to reverence, and even die to defend,
is about the coarsest and clumsiest old jokB
that was ever perpetrated upon human gullibility. The Joke is on na, the workers of the
world. And among all living animals wo are
the only ones possessed of • gullibility that
would make the perpetuation of such a clamsy
joke possible. And that Is no joke."—
Cleveland Citlsen.
The nbove evidence of sudden
"transformation from pure and simpleton to conimonsenBO," is no doubt somewhat startling to those who are at all
intimately acquainted with the "editor-
nnd-everything-else" of the Hamilton
Labor News. The "sudden transformation," however, is stripped of its startling charactor by mere mention of the
fact that tho quotation above is from
an editorial appearing In The Federationist of May 18, under caption "The
Working Class As Property." The editorial wns reproduced, holus bolus, in
the Hamilton Labor News of June 1,
without credit. As it appeared in the
editorial column of that worthy sheet,
a column that was never before known
to carry anything that might be construed as an editorial, by ovon the
most elastic of imaginations, it is small
wonder thot close acquaintances of Sam
Landers became alarmed, or at least
startled and perhaps somewhat discomposed, at the strange symptoms. We
beg that the Citizen will remain calm.
There has been no change in Sam. His
editorial pen is as lucid and trenchant
aB ever. The erratic unreliability of
his scissors nrm is no doubt due to shell
shock. He has been serving in tho home
guards ever sinco the war broke out.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEET
• first and third Thursdaya. Executii
board; James H. MoVety, president: Fred A
Hoover, vice-president; Victor R. Mldglej
general secretary, 210 Labor Temple: Pre
Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, statist
elan; sergeant-at-arms, Qeorge Harriion; J
J. Crawford, Jaa. Campbell, F. HalgB, trui
ALLIED  PRINTINO TRADES  OOUNC1L-
iloets   second   Monday   in   the   montl
President,  J.  McKinnon;   aeoretary,  R.  B
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66,
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 678.—Offlw
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets firs
Sunday of each month. President, Jame
Campbell; financial secretary, J. Smith, fill
Holden Bldg.; Box 424; phone Sey, 2572
recording seoretary, Win, Mottishaw, Globi
Hotel, Main street.
JOURNMMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION
Sf«™ oft1 *Vd *"»„>"<i*7» in the month
Room 206 Ubor Temple. XriMmtTuI
5Kitt   'ecreUry- s- H. Grant, 1871 Albern
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS, NO.' 1-
Meet 2nd and 4th Wednesdaya, 8 p.m.
Room 807. President, Chu, F, Smith; cor
responding aeeretary, W. S. Dagnall, Boi 68
finanoial secretary, W. J. Pipes.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 881,1. U
V. B. W. of A.—MeeU flrst tnd thin
Wednesday of each month, Room 802, Labol
Temple, 8 p.m. President, A. Sykes; secre
tary, A. E. Ashcroft, Suite 1, 1788 Fourtt
avenne west.
BROTHERHOOD
1788 Fourtt
OF    BOILER    MAKER!
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AM
OPERATING   ENGINEERS — Local   Nt
620. Meets every Thursday, 7.80 p.m., Laboi
Temple.    President.  William Walker;   vice-
«resident, J. R. Flynn; secretary-tressurer,
T, A. Alexander, Room 216, Ltbor Ttmple.
Phona Sev- 7iOR
Phont Sey. 74B6.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THI
Paciflo—Meeta tt 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesdty, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, busineu
tgent.	
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 211
—Meeta in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording secretary, John Murdoch, Labor Ttmple; financial
aeeretary tnd business tgent, E. H. Morrison,
Boom 207, Ltbor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 88*62—Ofllce ud hall,
804 Pender atreet east. Meets every Thnn*
dty 8 p.m.    Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, J. Mahone.	
MACHINISTS, NO. 188—MEETS SECOND
and foarth, Thursdays tt t p-m. President, Wm, Small; reeordlng aeeretary, J.
Brooke: flnanclal eeorettry, J. H. MeVety,
211 Labor Temple. Seymonr 7425.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA*
tore' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. 8. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets flnt Sanday of eacl
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President
J. R. Foster; business tgent, Stm Haigh,
financial and corresponding eeorettry, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Box 845.
The terrible scarcity of lnbor in the
Southern states is indicated by the following advertisement appearing in the
columns of an Atlanta, Oa., paper:
"Laborers wanted. Able-bodied men,
15 cents an hour; steady work; cnn
nlso use boys 16 and upwards at good
wages; report Monday morning, 6.30."
That 6.30 in the morning might, be
taken aa a suggestive tip as to the
shortness of the working Cay.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouver tnd vicinity.—
Branch meeta second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple, Preaident, Ray
MeDougall, 1928 Grant etreet; financial iecretary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venables street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland. 8247 Pt.
Grey road. Phone Bayvlew 2979L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS—Local No.
188—Meeta second an foarth Thursdaya
of eaeh month, room 808, Labor Temple.
President, John McNeil; financial aeeretary,
Geo,' H. Weeton; reeordlng eecretary, Jaa.
Wilson, room 808. Ltbor Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meeta Labor Temple, second and foarth Wed*
nesdtys tt 8 p.m. President, J. Hobble;
vice-president, E. 8. Cleveland: recording see,
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity atreet.
phone Highland 168R; financial aeeretary tnd
buslneas agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlce corner Prior an-^ Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
flrst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Preal*
dent, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president. Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording aeoretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 508; financial aeeretary, T.
Wood, P. 0, Box 608.
Shipyard Laborers' Union, No. 1565—Meets
second and fourth Fridays of each month,
8 p.m., abo'r Temple. President, C. Soams;
recording secretary. W. Hardy. 445—23rd
street west. North Vancouver; financial secre-
tary, 8. Phelps.
The Woolworth outfit, of 5, 10 and 15
eent store fume, is reported to hnve
"earned" more than $80,000,000 last
year. As that delectable institution
pays its thousands of girl clerks as
much as $0 per week it is not easy to
see how it could have "earned" bo
much in such a short time It must
have been due to capitalist "brains,"
which at times appear to possess the
power to produce "earnings" synthetically, as the Germans aro Baid to produce high explosive and great guns
The women's organizations in Greater Vancouver will now appreciate moro
keenly why organized labor felt ignored nad disappointed by the Brew*
ster government when its recommendation for the Workmen's Compensation
Board was turned down, to mnke room
for a man who had rendered political
services to tbe party. The same fate
fell to /the lot of the women's choice
for tho position of assistant to tbe moving picture censor. When it comes to
colossal jokos the Brewster "no pat-
ronnge" system is in a class by itself.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—Meets
last Sunday of each month tt 9 p.m.
President. W. S. Armstrong; vice-president,
R. 0. Marehall; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—UioU It
annual convention in January. Exeeatlrr
officer,, 1117-11: Preildent, J. .Verier. Boi
416, Cnmberlind; vice-prealdenti—Vinson*
ver; Ju. U. MoVetT, V. 8. Mldgler. Ubor
Temple. Tlolorii: J. Tijtlor, Boi 181S. Vancouver Iilind: W. H,id, South Welllnfton.
Prinoe Rupert: W. E. Thompaon, Box 694.
New Weitmlmter: W. Yatea, 006 London
■treet. Kootenai* Diatrict: A. Goodwin, Boi
26, Trill. Orow, Neit Viller: W. B. Phillip,. 176 McPhenon ivenne. Secretary*
trenurer: A. S. Wella, Boi 1(38, Victoria,
B. 0.
VIOTOBIA. B. q
VICTORIA TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Ueeu Int ui third Wedneidi,, '
Labor Hill. 1434 Oovernment Itreet, at 8 ,
p.m. Preildent, E. Ohrlitopher, Boa 887; *
vicu.preaident, Chrlitlm Slverti, 1378 Den* ,
mm itreet; leeretirjr, B. Simmom, Bos 803,**
Victoria, B. 0.
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
Eemitttchlni, bottom covered, icil*
lopping, button hole,, pinking, epnng*
In, md ehrlnkln,. lettering plcot -.lining, pleating, niching, embroidery.
hemming.
683 OruTUU St. 1819 Douglu St.
VAHOOUVEB. B.O. VICTORIA, B.O
Phon, tey, 8191 Phom 1160
BLBOTBIO PIITDBES AT OOST
PBIOES
Sn ua and uvi mom,.
Uie Jams Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Bichards Street
DO II NOW
Oet hm, and hive yonr old bicycle
■aide like new. We will enitoel and
mike your wheel look like new from
•5.60 up.   All kindi of repiln it
HABKIKS ft ELLIOTT
616*616 How Haitian 413
Phone Sex. 8183   1296 Granville
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
BEAT COVEE8. AUTO UPHOLSTERING, TOPS RE-COVERED
WW WB8TMIM8TBB, B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAOUK
of America, looal 784, New Weitmtmtir.
Milti aecond Sondiy of each month at 1*80
p-IB.   SKntary, F. w. Jlmeion, Box 496.
_PBMOB BOTBBT. B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Council—Meeta leeond and fourth Tan*
dayi of eich moath, In Cirpenteri' ball. Pre*
■faint, S. D. Uicdonald; Iientary, J, J..
Anderaon, Boa 378, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
SOOTH WEHIMOTOE. V. I.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 873, U. 31. W. OP A.-
Meeta aecond and fourth, Sanday of each
montb. it S.80 p.m.. Rlohlrdi Hall. Preaident. Walter Head; vlce-prealdent, Wm. Ivan:
recording leoretiry, Ju. Bitemm; flnineiii
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
1040 GEORGIA STREET
One Block west of Court House.
TTflo of Modern Chnpel  and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymour 2425
SYNOPSIS   OF  OOAL  MINING   REOULA-
TIONS.
rOAL mining rlghta of the Dominion. In
^ Manitoba, Sukatohtwan and Alberta, tht
Vukun lurmory, the North-Weit Territorial
and In a portion of the Provinco of Britiah
Columbia, mar be leased for a term of
twenty-one yeara renewal for a farther term
of 21 yean at an annual rental of $1 an aere.
-Not mure than 2,6t)0 «orea will be leaaed to
one applicant.
Application for a leaae muit bo made by
tbe applicant In penon to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the dlitrlet In which the rlghta applied for are situated.
In lurveyed territory the land muit be del-
■orllied by aeotfona, or legal inb-dlvlalona of
■ectiona, and in unmrvoyed territory the
tract applied for ahall be staked out by the
applicant hlmatlf. ■
cinch application muit be accompanied by 1
a foe of 15 which will be refunded If tut "
rlghu applied for are not available, but not I
otherwlae. A royalty ahall ba paid on the I
mt. rchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five centa per ton.
The penon operating the mine ahall fur*
nlsh tbe Agent with iworn returna accounting i
for the full quantity of merchantable coal 1
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the
ooal mining rights are not being operated,
suoh returni should be fnrnlihed at leaat
once a year.
The  lease  will  Include  tbe  coal  mining j
righti  only,  rescinded by Chap. 27 of 45
George V. assented to 12th June, 1914.
For full information application should ba \
mndo to tbe Secretary of the Department of j
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sab-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Mlnliter of the Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of *hls ad*
Kertlsement will not ba paid for.-'-*".675.
OROAKIgBD  LABOR  COMPAMIB8.
B.  0.  PEDBRATIONIST,  LIMITED-Meeta
at tail of preildent. Labor Temple, Van-
•ww, B. 0.    Dlrecton:   Jamea. Campbell, .
preildent; J. H. MoVety, Mcretarrtreneom
J.   Naylor  and   A.   fl.   Wells.     R.   p»rm  L
Pettlpleoe,   managing   director.   Room   217. I
Labor Temple,   Telephone Seymoar 7405. 4] OmOIAL   FAFBB  VAHOOUVM
TBADES ASS LABOB COOTOn.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   _E
WBUM OF  LABOB
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 27
SIX PAGES
The life
of your teeth
is largely in your own handB. Nature gives you only one permanent
set, and intended that they should laBt you for a lifetime.
They Will Last You If You Take Oare of Them
Are you taking care of them! Look them over right now and aee—
It takes only a moment.
IP you find any defects, you'll be wise If you como and aee me at
1 once. As an expert, I can tell you what Bhould be done to preserve them or put them in proper condition. It will cost Jena to do
that today than it will next month.
Tha Ufa of your teeth depends upon tbe can you take of them.
Phona Sey. 3331 Appointments for examination made by phone
Dr Brett Aijdersoi)
Crown and Bridge Specialist -*»
602 Hastings -St. West
Corner -Seymour Street
BOYS' CLOTHING
SUITS—Splendid   selection,  in   variety   of  styles,  including  Norfolk,
Sports, Pinchback und others; up-to-date tweeds, serges, etc.; 3 to 18
years.   All prices.
B1,00MER AND KNEE PANTS—Navy or brown velvet; serges, tweeds,
corduroy, white serge and, white duck, khaki cotton drill, etc, 3 to 18
years.
JERSEYS—Cotton, cashmere and worsted, ribbed and plain knit; navy,
brown, green, white, ct*.   Sizes 20 to 32.
UNDERWEAR—Stockings, shirts, overalls and every requisite for boys'
on tilts.
WHITE SAILOR SUITS—Detachable navy cuffs and collars; second
shipment to hand for 92,60
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
MEN'S AND BOYS' OLOTHINO
Tel. Bey. 702
809 to 318 Hutlngi Stnet Weit
AERONUI CO.
Pbone Boy. 2207.
AERONUI
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that ovory union man
■hould have. Simplicity, efficiency and
economy combined with a money suver
are the principal features of
AERONUI
::   670 Richards Street
VANOOUVER, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street.  Phone, 1209.  Greenhouse and Nursery, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. 0.s Greenhouses and Nursery on 0. P. B.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Treei and Shrubs, Pot Planta, Seeds,
Out Flowen and Funeral Emblems
Main Store nnd Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 088*672.
Branch Store, Vanoouver—728 OranviUe Street.   Phone Seymour 9513
Established 1891
JOHN  J. BANFIELD
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
Managed.
MONET TO LOAN
827 Seymour Sb Phone Seymonr US
The Sign USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen, Wellington nut.  ...$7.00
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump... 8.00
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump   $8.00
Comox Nut - 7.00
Comox Pea 5.00
(Try our Pea Coal for yonr underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
.Phone
1 Phone
Seymour
SEIO
iiiy)%B-
1001 MAIM STBBIT
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY JULY *% 1917
The Story of Conscription
As It Is Told in the
"Motherland"
Why the Workers Should Be
Determined to Have
None of It
[By O. Stafford Whitby]
AFTER all, you think, tbe Canadian
government 'a Conscription Bill
doesn't look very aerrouB. They only
want 100,000 men; and they will easily
be able to get those from one or two
of the classes of young unmarried men.
So you won't take the trouble to oppose it as strenuously as you might
otherwise have done. Is that how you
feel? If that is so, you are deplorably
unaware of the vital issues at stake.
Tho feeling that you have—that the
bill is, lifter all, only a small measure-
is, it may safely be judged, exactly the
feeling' that the government wanted to
produce, so as to weaken opposition.
Only 100,000 men! In regard to this
it may well be asked Why, if the
measure is only a small one, a the government bringing within its scope all
men in Canada, unmarried and married, between the ages of 20 and 45f
Even in Oreat Britain the maximum
conseriptive age is only 41. Tjie answer to tho question which we have
just put can well be seen by looking
ut the history of the conscription movemont in Oreat Britain. The answer
is that, consciously or unconsciously,
the ruling powers want to get the
principle of conscription accepted;
Mint to got as many of the workers
dusceptible to military control as they
can, so that they will be "disciplined;" and want, as a final goal, to
have the whole of the people under an
industrial conscription, bo that they
will havo to work just when, where,
and how they are ordered, in order that
industry may become more "efficient."
Conscription in Oreat Britain.
Let us look at the history of this
thing in Great Britain. First thoie
was the Munitions Act. The worker,
under it, cannot leave his job without
the ticket-of-leave of his master. He
cannot strike, and his wuges are decided by a government department. Then
came National Segistration. (We have
had that in Canada, too). The government denied in tho most categorical
manner that this registration was the
prelude to conscription. Then came
tho Derby scheme. This was called
"the last effort to save the voluntary
system.'' How much sincerity was
there in those who said this! Lord
Derby himself had been for years prior
to the war a strong conseriptionist.
Within three weeks of the scheme hav*
ing been brought to a close, before tbe
figures hud been analysed, the first conscription bill wub introduced into the
House of Commons. It can well be believed that the wholo businoss was insincere, and that, so far from wishing
to save the voluntary system, it was
merely a part of tho powerful movement for a cheap and servile army and,
finally, complete military and industrial servitude for tbe whole of the
population.
Let us follow thc subsequent steps
which this movoment hus taken. The
first conscription bill was introduced. It
applied only to unmarried men and
was, Mr. Asquith said, intenlded to ful-
111 u pledge which had been given, In
connection with the Derby scheme, to
the married men. Pledges galore have
been givon in connection with tbe Military Service Acts in Great Britain, and
pledges galore havo been broken when
ti has suited the government to break
them. But in the case of the pledge
just mentioned, it happened to suit the
policy of tho government that the
pledge should bo kept, and therefore it
became a "solemn duty" to honor it.
Like the conscription bill now 'under
consideration at Ottawa, the firBt conscription bill iu Great Britain was
craftily designed to appear to be only
a small measure, so that the opposition
to it might be reduced to a minimum
and the principle of conscription safely
introduced. This measure had not been
passed moro than five months before a
socond conscription bill, covering the
married men, wub brought in and passed. And what will be tho next stage!
There cun be littlo doubt that, if the
war lasts long enough, as in nil probability it will, tbe government will bring
Announcement
THE
Orpheum
CAFE
has enlarged its dining room
capacity to 135. Wo are
now operating tho Castle
Hotel dining room in conjunction with the Orpheum
Cafe, known as Vancouver's
specialty cafe. Union cooks
of tho first-class; day and
night.
UNION HOUSE
762 Granville Street
in a full measure of industrial servitude. Lloyd George hae been a believer
in industrial compulsion all during the
war. That is what he said in June,
1916: Speaking of men in the army:
"Their time, their movements, their
direction, the very locality where they
operate, are chosen for them by the
officers of the state. Their very lives
are at the disposal of the state. That
enables those who represent the state
to concentrate them, to order them to
places or positions where they can render the greatest service to the state.
That is what a voluntary arm, in a
military sense, means. I am sorry to
aay it does not mean that industrially."
Industrial Servitude.
As a preliminary step to the indue*
trial servitude which, there can be Uttle
doubt the government in Great Britain
would like to institute, they are now
carrying on, through Mr. Neville Cham-
borluin, a recruiting campaign for vol-
untary "National Service." (The special peculiarity of this service is that
it also serves, most valiantly, the interests of the employers, and enables
them to increase profits und reduce
wages). It is not difficult to see thut
siniilar tactics are being employed to
those whioh were used in bringing
about military servitude. Like the
Derby scheme, tbe present National
Service scheme is "the last effort to
save the voluntary system."
It is suggested in some'quarters that
there should be in Canada a "last ef-
fort to save the voluntary system" by
a "Bincere" recruiting campaign. But
we take leave* to doubt whether our
rulers ure reaUy desirous of saving voluntaryism. We imagine that no matter
what were the result of a new recruiting campaign, they would, if possible,
on some ground or other, take advantage of wur-time to introduce the principle of compulsion.
We Snow Thtm.
We know well enough what is the
attitude of mind of "industrial magnates" all the world over to the
claims which the workers may make
for decent conditions of life. We know
that they think strikes diabolical, and
that they will be only too eager to accept any measures of compulsion which
ill "discipline" labor. At the time
that the first conscription bill was in*
traduced in Oreat Britain, fears were
expressed that certain clauses in it
might open the way to industrinl conscription. The leaders of the government, Mr. Balfour, Mr. Bonar Law, Mr.
Henderson, gave the strongest possible
assurances that sueh fears were groundless. Mr, Asquith, replying to those
who were suspicious of the bill on this
point, said: "They are afraid that the
provisions of this bill, which is intended to deal with the comparatively small
cIbss of unmarried men, for the purpose
of redeeming the pledge which was giv*
en to the married men, will be utilised,
or I would rather say, perverted, in its
actual application in order to give the
einployer a power which he doeB not
at present possess, to exerciso coercion
over the free action of hiB workmen.
Gentlemen, I cannot express in too
plain or too strong language, my repudiation of any such intention."
Slavery!? Certainly Not.
Such were the assurances given. Tet,
what happened I From the very first
the uct was used and it is Btill used,
either directly or as a threat, for purposes of industrial compulsion. Men
who were prominent in trade unionism,
and thus were not to the liking of the
employers, have been discriminated
against and sent off to the army. For
oxample, the railway companios ean
"release for military Bervice" any
men whom they chose; and "tho officials oi the National Union Bailway-
men repeatedly report that unfair dis-
crimination ia taking place." Then
again: common practicos of thc tribunals are to exempt men on condition that
they receive only army pay while at
their ordinary employment, or that tbey
shall work under penal conditions ut
sweated wages, or that they shall sign
a bond which commits them to work
for tbe Minister of Munitions and ends
with the following clause: "I understand that I am liable to return to
military service at any time that I
cease to be employed by the Ministry
of Munitions, or if I am ordered to report myself for service with tho colors by the competent military auth-
Consider two strikes that took place
at Dundee.    The first occured within
month of the passing of the last conscription bill. The employer did not
ask for arbitration. He simply reported the men to tho military authorities
and they were called up under the act.
The second occured last September—
on the ferries. As soon as the men
came out, soldiers took their place and
workod the ferries. These are only n
fow instnnces. More might bc given
if necessary to show how, even in the
absence of a full measure of industrinl
compulsion, the Military Service Acts
havo boon used in Great Britain for
industrial coercion and strike-breaking.
"National Bervice."
The final goal which many of the influential men who support tho principle
of compulsion for national sorvico havo
moro or less clearly in view is undoubtedly complete military and industrial
Borvltudo. Thoy have not achieved
that goal .yet; but if onco tho prlnci*
F'le of conscription is nllowed a foot*
ng, it will be very difficult, If not impossible, to stay tho progress towards
that goal Thore is no logical stopping
plaoe. If once it is allowed that the
state has the right to compel a man to
give his life ns it decides (military
conscription), thon there is no logical
ground for resisting tho application to
Industry
Make no mistake about it. Tho
conscription bill now beforo Ottawa
must be fought by every legitimate and
peaceful means thut labor can Command. If tho bill passes and gets Into execution, the principle of compulsion, as applied to mens' lives and labor will havo aocurod a firm foothold,
and thoro can be no saying to whnt
lengths lt will bo extended. Fortunately labor has a means of opposing It,
by passive roslstnnco, which Ib both
peaceable and, if carried out with a
full senso of tho seriousness of the
crisis and an 'unyielding determination
not to Bubmit, will assuredly bo successful. A general striko, carried out with
strong determination, would bo a small
Srice to puy for tho exclusion from
anadiun legislation of tho conscription
principle
It is reported that rats uro increasing enormously in Britain. Evon in
normal times they nre credited with
destroying (110,000,000 worth of food
per year nnd tbis damage is doubled ns
a roBult of war conditions. Thoy are
I even more costly than royalty.
Wealth At the Helm Steers
Ship of State Away
From Rocks
Organized Workers  Scent
Danger in the Ruling
Class Wind
The debate on conscription still continues. ... The party lines are being
broken and tbey are lining up—autocracy and democracy. (. . . The people
are watching the game with interest
and it is noticeable that wealth is at
the helm, guiding tbe ship of state
away from the shoals for conscription
of wealth, but the politicians are aware
of the great undercurrent of opposition
amongst the mass of people to the conscription of flesh and blood only. . . .
You notice that a large number of
speakers are throwing out the ideu that
even if conscription does pass, tbe government should appeal to the voluntary
system oven then. In other words try*
ing to ride two. horses and lull the
people into a false security. , .». In
connection witb the Conscription Bill it
is interesting to note the following
resolution passed by the executive committee of the miners railway and trans*
port workers in Groat Britain representing 3,000,000 members and declaring
as follows:
"We observe with misgivings
the attempt to introduce the principle of compulsion. We warn the
responsible officials of the danger
of efforts to destroy trade unionism by labor conscription declaring
that for every reason favoring conscription of men ten reasons exist
favoring the conscription of wealth
and property."
The delegates present represent
3,000,000 organized workmen. The addresses indicated profound dissatisfaction because of the s-aspicion that plans
are being perfected contemplating the
wholesale conscription of labor. The
following resolution was adopted unanimously:
"The conference considers tbat
the conscription of wealth should
have preceded the conscription of
human life, nnd, accordingly, it de*
rounds the rekgistering of wealth
and property in order to prepare
for real equality of sacrifice."
Is it any wonder that the Canadian
organized workers are opposed to tbe
present Conscription bill when the evident aim in the old country is aiming
at conscription of labor ,thus taking
away tbe liberties (such aB they are)
now possessed by the workers, In Britain and Canada. Equality of sacrifice
is demanded by democracy—not speciul privileges. . . . The list of staple
foods in Manitoba, it is reported according to the Lnbor Gazette, to have
increased 40 per cent, since May 1914
to May 1917. This is, no doubt, a conservative estimate and should help tho
food controller on his way. ... By the
way—will the food controller havo tho
power to uso the big stick or will it
only be a fly swatter) — The Voice,
Winnipeg,
Is there any truth in the rumor that
Satan has also decided to conscript his
objects and consecrate all tho potentialities of his realm to tbe purpose of
"making tho world safe for democracy!"
'Tag days" and "flag days" and
"liberty bond drives" and "Ked Cross
boosts" and "Pershing days," and ull
of the other schemes and devices to
raise cash and patriotism on account of
the war are somehow or other strangely
reminiscent of the efforts of the bankruptcy-threatened small merchant to
cscapo the day of final reckoning, by
resorting to '' mark down sales,''
"stock-tuking sales,""sacrifice sales,"
"fire sales,'" and other such indications of financial soundness nnd stability. Even the high-sounding platitudes about "democracy and liberty"
that nre so plenteously peddled to catch
the public car and the popular fancy
seem to havo a sort of dull metullic
sound strungoly suggestive of old brasH,
old bottlcH and similur junk.
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, sliced, per lb 30c
Ayrshire Bacon 30c and 35c
18 lbs. B. C. Sugar 11.65
Slater's Tea, lb 30c
Slater's Coffee, lb 86c
Apex Jam, 4*lb. tins 400
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 85c
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jello, 3 for 85c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
FBESH MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to All Parts
131 Hastings St Eait   Sty. 3868
830 Oranvillo St.      Soy. 866
3811 Mais Stroot.    Mr. 1683
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Panamas $4.00 and Up
Strawe f 1.50 to $100
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THE EXCLUSIVE HATTERS
61 Haatinga Straet Eaat
WINNIPEO VANCOUVER CALOAKY       ''
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Capital 116.000,000        Boot   81SJO0.000
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OITT BRANCHES LOCATION
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Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker You Need
ten       ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
SUB.
CARDS
$10
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $1 ner year.
You Can Always Depend on the Street
Car Service
In fair weather or foul, in busy hours or
slack, the street cars run for you because
the street railway is an organized system
—a business run intentionally to serve you.
In rush hours, on holidays, at large gatherings, it is the street railway which assumes
the responsibility for carrying the people.
For cheap rides, between distant points in
the city for a nickel, the people must go to
the street railway.
Your children ride free or for half fare only
on the street car.
In many parts of the city—the non-paying
parts—the street railway must give service
at less than cost.
This company desires to go on giving these
features of service, realising the dependence of the public upon them, but must have
the support of the public in the paying
parts of the transportation system.
(Mse-tru PAGE POUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY™
..July 6, IU
JtouL  taOtutb -WH/
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By The
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Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS      "       "   35c
EAGLE HARBOR      "       "   40c
LARSON'S RANCH ......    "       "   50c
WHYTECLIFFfor
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Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.  For further
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Pacific Great Eastern Railway
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If the tea you use comes in a package like
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JOHN REID, Proprietor
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MAJESTIC CONCHAS
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ACTUAL SIZES
nix*
Democracy, Liberty and Conscription.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I should
like to conclude the consideration of a
point which I raised in my letter of
last week. I pointed out that the distinction which it is often attempted to
make between offensive and defensive
war has no objective validity and is
for practical purposes valueless: that,
iu a subjective view, a war is defensive to those who take certain views
and entertain certain fears as to the
futuro, although the same war may not
appear to be defensive to those who do
uot share such views and fears; and
I pointed out that the only satisfactory
ground to tako is on the claim that
every man has a right to follow his
individual judgment as to whether he
will answer a call to arms.
Now, further, this is tho only ground
that is consonant with elcrneutary human rights to individual liborty. It ia
said thut conscription is democratic.
Tho bureaucracy of (Jormany is nt ono
ou this point with the plutocracy of
America und the oligurchy of Knglund.
Now, if we conceivu of democracy as
meaning simply a system of government by which it is legitimate for tho
majority or the representatives of the
majority to decreo that a man shall
do auything whatever that is chOBen,
irrespective of tho man's profoundest
convictions and evcu though it involves
his committing murdor aud sacrificing
bis own life, then, I say, our conception of democracy hus gono sadly
astray somewhere and is out of harmony with elementary ideas of human
dignity und individuul liberty, lt is,
however, only u harsh, forensic view
of democracy, such us might bo held
by lawyor-politicians, and which iB un*
inspired by the inner spirit of democracy, that can lead to such a oonoep
tion us democratic. A man is not a
true democrat merely because he haB accepted democratic political institutions
as the form under which the government of the community is to be conducted. Even in the country with the
most completely "democratic" government in the world, the government is
still at present essentially in the hands
of privilege. It is not necessary to remind workingmen of the class nature of
even the most "democratic" institutions* they are but too acutely aware
of this fact.
What, then, is the essential character
of the democratic spirit; what is the
spirit with which any institution or
form of organization must be informed before it can be accounted truly
democratic I It is belief in the value
of the individual man. This belief it
is that leads to the demand that men
shall govern themselves in their own
interests and shall not be uaed as the
tools of others to further the intereBtB
and purposes of others. This belief it
is thut leads to a demand for the abolition of privilege of every kind. This
belief it is that leads to the claim that
every man shall have the means for
developing the fullest richness of life
of which he is capable And this belief it is which, finally, leads us to see
the necessity for social democracy.
I do not wish to conceal this last
plication of the democratic spirit. The
man who has really grasped the fundamental idea of domocracy and is in full
sympathy with it will find, if his
thinking is conducted clearly, that he
is inevitably driven to a belief in Socialism.
Tho democratic spirit has been slowly
working iu tho evolution of human society from the days of chattel slavery
to the mitigated slavery of today; but
we have u long way to go beforo the
democratic movemont approaches completion. It is our business to help that
movement along. We shall not help it,
but, rather, shall retard lt and throw
back, if, inresponse to the pleas for
"democracy" so prevalent today, we
are so untrue to the essential demo*
emtio spirit aB to entertain any proposals for the conscription of meu.
Tho democratic spirit is not opposed
to, but, rather at one with tho spirit
of liberty. No one contends thut every
man has a right to unlimited liborty.
Every man's right to liberty is con-
ditloned by the equal right to liberty
of all other men. And, it may be noted,
it is just because the capitalist system
violates this equal right of the many
in favor of the few that dehiocracy
calls for its abolition. Its abolition
and replacement by social democracy
will certainly, in a sense, restrict the
liberties of a few, namely, those who
live on rent and interest without per*
forming corresponding services, but it
will increase the liberties of the many,
and to all, workers and capitalists
alike, wUl bring opportunity for finer
and better liberties than aro possible
under the shameful system of today.
I am trying to make it clear how the
question of liberty relates to the question of democraoy. I have just pointed
out that, in respect to the industrial
life of society, the duo measure of lib*
erty for all men is not something which
already existB but something which has
yet to be achieved. If, because of the
claims of tho many, we attack the
privileges of the few, wo are assisting
the cause of true domocracy. But the
simple, inalienablo right of a man to
yield his life or not for a given causo
as he chooses is a liberty which all men,
merely aa men, already have in com*
mon. If we attack this liberty, wo are
attacking a fundamental and democratic right.
Any man who entertains the idea of
the conscription of manhood does not
understand the fundamentals of domocracy and human liberty. Many of the
phrases uaed by our modern " democrats" who favor conscription are
themselves sufficient proof of the absence of the true democratlo spirit. We
are accustomed to the workers being
called "hands." We now hear of man-
"power," of "roundup" and "oomb-
they ,
freedom i
Atl
icaj
ners
to
the
Should -
indeed 1
there
three l.
hundred
hiked :
that i
men
of
democrat they are intolerable.
0. S. W.
Vancouver, June 25, 1917.
Patriots Patriotism and Proats.
Editor Federatlonist: I wish to heaven you would quit harping at tho good
people God has placed in authority ovor
and the spirit of sacrifice which
' have shown in the great fight for
om and democracy,
least one bunch of patriots* should
escape your censure, nainely the Can's' association. They have nobly eome
their country's assistance, even to
1   limit   of  endorsing  conscription.
■■' conscription be enacted, it will
be a serious matter for them, as
are employed at  each  cannery
or four white men and as many
3d Japs and Chinks.   It is to be
— that such self-sacrificing patriot-
will be rewarded by exemption from
■-- provisions of the "militia aot."
Cannerymen's sons have left the pleasant   occupation   of   squandering   the
wealth that workers have produced, and
1 for the "field of glory," in order
. we poor toilers might help to gur-
— in the profits for their dads in wage
competition with the Chinks.   Cannery-
nen have always been patriotic; it is
lot new or ephemeral with them; Four
years ago whon Canada was in need of
u to man tho gallant Rainbow, one
them was willing to allow recruiting
. Steveston.   Of course he said the
little brown mon" woro much super-
>r fishermen, and easier exploited than
the white ruce, of whom few wore employed at his cannery.   Soe the Provinco of that date.
Our local capitalists unpatriotic? No
sir, Mr. Fed.l
'Wanted—By lnrge mfg. concern,
nightwutohman; hours from 5 p.m. till
7 a.m.; returned soldier preferred:
wages $50 per month." Adv. Vancouver Province.
Why wait for conscription when rewards like this ure looming up, you
working stifft Why that is a gentleman's job, just liko huving an "income from 'ome."       *
When the war is over we will employ all wounded European soldiers;
thoy know how to reBpect their omployers proporly and will be satisfied with
small wages." From tho manager
(who is of Teutonic birth) of a big industrial concern, which shows that the
patriotic heart of industry is largo
enough oven to adopt the alien enemy,
if ho is docile, obodiont and cheap.
"When the war is over Germany will
be boycotted, and trill have to send
her money to us for Investment." From
a president of a big financial concern,
which makes itB employees donate generously to the patriotic fund. Thore is
nothing moan or selfish about our patriots. They will even handle cash for
the enemy.
"Ven I get nlrotty to make the shells
I am ust $75,000 in der hole, und now I
am ust oud of id; I hnf not mado nod-
dings yet." From a Gorman-American
Jew, about two months nfter he got a
littlo shell sub-contract. He is making
shells yet, just to give work to the
poor. The love that pnytriotism inspires
for the welfare of mankind is wonder-
full
"If you can't work twonty-four
hours a day, get to hell out of here."
Boss of the works at another large industrial and patriotic concern to a returned soldier, who complained that his
busted leg would not stand more than
a twolve-hour shift. This sctandod a
little rough, but tho soldier was unreasonable, us a scow was to unload or demurrage would have to be paid.
"Der iss a lot of vimens in Vancouver dot iss afraid dot do var vill pe
ofar pefore der husbauta iss killed, if
dey doned get gonscriptlon." From
nu unsophiticated heathen of a socialistic viking. Something Bhould be done
with such characters. Thoy might get
aome simple-minded people to bolieve
there was some truth in their remarks.
If my boy turned back I would bo
the first to shoot him," From a belligerent captain in Vancouvor. Tho
christianizing effect of wur is indeed
wonderful, when a father will voluntarily proclaim himself a would-be gory
murderer of his offspring. Is it any
wonder that the meek and lowly followers of the Lamb should so enthusiastically endorse it?
"If Jesus Christ were here He would
be in the trenches." Message from
the Lord by mouth of a Vancouver pro-
phet. There is no question about that,
if He tried the same stunts as when He
was here before. A
P. S.—It Is reported that B. T. Sogers
and ex-Aid. Bethune are going to fight
for freedom and democracy.
PAYTBIOT.
Finnish dispatches assert that Japan
haB offered to support the new Bussian
government in the work of organizing
the democracy and in the organization
of the army Now that this despotism,
that is second only to that of Germany,
has como out on the side of democracy,
it is difficult to aee how the triumph
of that plebeian faith can be avorted.
With kaiser "Bill," kaiser Woodrow,
and now the Mikado thus lined up for
democracy, it should win out, hands
down, unless it bo a caso of God save
domocracy from its friends.
Lord Bobort Cecil says tbat ono of
the reasons why ho supports woman
suffrage is "that it makes for contentment with tho governmont and
creates the sense thut tho people ure
governing themselves." Truth is snid
to often como forth from the mouths
of babes and sucklings. Sometimes,
evidently, lordships blurt it out without realizing just what thoy aro doing.
Thut the franchise is being givon to
women for the purpose of fooling
everybody concerned, excopt tho donors
themselves, is no doubt truo. But
oven at that it in but a repetition of
whut wob done whon the frnnchiso was
given to tho male working stiffs. It wus
givon them to enable them to be used
by their petty capitalist mastors for
the purposo of pulling tho teeth of the
feudal lords whose Derogative to rule*
and rob, these oncoming capitalists were
desirous of appropriating. And now
woman, gentle woman, is being enfranchised for the purpose of being used
by those petty capitalists, who have
grown big, to break down the few
privileges the male workers have been
ablo tt> wring from them during the
long struggles of the past. An enfranchised woman will not be so oasily
driven out of the shops and factory
hells of capitalist by her male compatriot after the war is over, as would
be the case if she did not havo the
voto. And right well tho Lord Cecil
and his ilk know it. Tho women will
havo political power, not enough to do
them any appreciable good outside of
enabling them to more successfully
hang on to jobs, but just enough to aid
the capitalists in taming the masculine
slaves of capitalism who may have become too muoh obsessed with rebellious
notions to admit of Bound and peaceful
sloep upon the part of their masters.
It Ib a great game once you can see
just how it is played upon the suckers,
It iB for a fact.
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ST. REGIS HOTEL
M. E. McCOY, Manager
A MODERN HOTEL
EUROPEAN PLAN
POPULAR PRICES
FIRST-CLASS CAFE
SEYMOUR and DUNSMUIR STS.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENOER FARES
ro
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODEBN EQUIPMENT—COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUB NEAREST AGENT OB WRITE
DISTRICT PASSENOER AGENT, 605 HASTINOS W., VANOOUVER
Telephone Seymonr 2482
TBADES UNIONISTS—IS THE MILE SUPPLIED TO TOUB HOME
DELIVERED BT UNION LABOR?
If lt is not call up tlio
BeaconsfieldHygienicDairy
PHONE FAIRMONT 1697
or drop a card to our office, 905 Twenty-fourth AvenUe East,
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR EXCLUSIVELY
WE GUARANTEE TO GIVE TOU SATISFACTION-GIVE US A CALL
WANTED
WILL PAY SPOT CASH FOR FORD
in good cond ition! state yonr nnd
price to P. O. Box 1014.
WANTED—19111 08 1917 FORD
touring car for spot cash. Box
1548, Telegram. 01
WANTED—FORD  COUPELET,  IN
best of condition. Box 402 Telegram
WANTED —FOBD   AUTOMOBILE.
Fay cash.   North 8053.
WANTED—FOBD,   ANY   MODEL.
Hillcrest 2094. 09a
You  Can  Always  Sell a
"Used"  Ford
IN the first place, a Ford touring car costs
only $495—F. 0. B. Ford, Ont.  In the
second place, there is always a demand
for used Ford cars at good prices.
The average resale price of a Ford Car,
after one season's use, is only $125 less than
the price of a new car. Try to sell another
make of used car tha costs $1,000 or less,
and you will be lucky to find a buyer for it
at $250 to $400 less.
Ford
A Ford certainly gives an owner $125
worth of service per year. No one will
question that. So, if you sell your Ford at
the end of the year, you get your money
out of it.
The Ford Car is the one safe motor car
investment on the market. It gives you
the greatest values for your money.
Runabout
Touring ■
$475
$495
I. O. B. FORD, ONT.
VANCOUVER URBAN DEALERS
FERGUSON-HIGMAN MOTOR CO.
Cor. Beach and Howe Street      Sey. 1717
SULLIVAN-TAYLOR   MOTOR   CO.
240-250 Kingsway       Fairmont 2730-2731
UNIVERSAL   CAR   CO.,   LTD.
1260 Granville Street    Seymour 3074-3076 FRIDAY...
..July 6, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
Up to $6.00 Tub Silk Waists
Selling for only $3.48
And such a variety to choose from. There are smart stripes
with roll collar of white silk—Georgette crepe waists daintily
embroidered and stitched in
contrasting colors, and Crepe
de Chine waists neatly hemstitched and embroidered—all
have long sleeves with neat
fitting cuffs, and are worth in
the regular way to $6.00. A
bargain at $3.48.
A   REAL    OOOD   UNDERSKIRT FOR ONLY 97c
It's made of good quality
sateen, with plain flare or
pleated flounces, it's nice fitting and a great wearer. A
specially good waist for summer wear. Value to $1.50.
Prioed Wo.
;K JThpBudson'sBauConipQnif. Jjfl
\J*T-J   - mmmmu ....    mmm emmmT.mmt mmmmm 1 ]^
Granville and Georgia Streets
LIVELY MEH OF
IB
Much Interesting Debate on
Various Matters of
Moment
The Working Class Movement Is Dead from
Both Ends
Men's Work Trousers
There are no tougher or more durable trousers than these, The man
on the ranch, tha prospector, exeavator—all men engaged in rough work*
that calls for clothes of exceptional durability, will find these trousers
all they could desire. Well cut, thoroughly stitched and equipped with a
full complement of pockets.   All sizes.
OOEDUBOY t3M
COTTON WHIPCOBD W*UB
KHAKI DRILL
. $2.00 and (2.26
 12.25
OBEY STRIPED COTTONADE PANTS —	
MEN'S COTTONADE TB0USEB8 FOB 11.76
One of the most durable trousers manufactured.  Comes in a neat grey
with.black stripe.   Cannot be beaten by any work trouser.   All sizes.
MEN'S WORK OLOVES OF ALL KINDS
A well-selected stock here that gives a man all the choice he could
wish, und the very beat values possible in the' present state of the
market.
COTTON TWILL OLOVES, with knit wrists, 2 pairs 26c; per pair..   16c
HEAVY COTTON OLOVES, fleece-lined, pair.    20c
HEAVY COTTON GLOVES, with gauntlet wrists    26c
OREY CANVAS GLOVES, with mule palm and lingers  60c
ALL-LEATHER GLOVES, with pigBkin palm  _    76c
ALL-CHROME GLOVES    76c
HEAVY MULESKIN OLOVE »1.00
CHBOME GLOVE WITH HOBSEHIDE PALM, nothing like it in the
trade for »1.00
BUCKSKIN GLOVE, warranted genuine, for sterling wear...- $1.26
STBAIGHT HOBSEHIDE GLOVES $1.60
HOBSEHIDE GAUNTLET GLOVES, at.. $1.00, $1.26, $1.60 and $1.75
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
A. R. BAKER
DENTIST
407 HASTINGS ST. WEST
Phone Sey. 2229.
Close Saturday 1 p.m.
Dependable Paints
-FOR-
Spring Painting
We solicit your paint orders for your
Spring Painting. Our stock of paints,
brushes, emanels, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
HUMER HENDERSON PAINT CO.
642 ORANVILLE STREET
All Day Cruise Among the Beautiful
Mountains of Howe Sound
Threo atctitaors leave tho Union dock daily at 0.15 a.m. Sunday at
10.30 a.m. calling ut Bowen Islnnd, Britannia Mines, Squnmish and way
points at 7. 30 p.m.
MEAL0 ON BOAED
A. steamer will leavo the Union dock on Saturdays at 2 p.m.' for
Bowen Island direct, and leavo Bowen Island at 6.30 n.m. Monday.
"With our splendid hotel sorvicoi this makes a delightful week-end.
SUNDAY SPECIAL $1.00 BOUND TRIP, ALL POINTS
Terminal Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.
Phone Seymour 68304331
Ride Baby in a "B.C." Car
For the best part of a year wo have
been manufacturing baby carriages in Vancouver. Designed on scientific lines by men
of long experience, und made of selected
B. C. and Canadian materials. Those local
cars excel the very finest cars thnt were
ever imported into the Province.
Safe — comfortable — snnitnry. Handsome in appearance.   Moderate in cost.
English style'Cans from  $19,75
Illustrated Catalogue post free.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(O. S. SHAW 1 CO.)
''It
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rxT ~
b^Py
( ®
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., July
2.—We bad quite an influx of notable visitors at *»ur union meeting on
Bunday. I have a hunch that at least
two of them were on hand for the purpose of taking a tumble out of your
huinble servant. Have been informed
that I offended them a few weeks ago
when I took occasion to level a little
criticism at their devoted heads re the
come-down on the boy scout movement
and their inactivity along real work*
ing clau lines. However, by back is
broad and I refuse to play the game
of the master class by condoning efforts
to railroad the workers into a military
system.
International Organizer Present
The first of the International board
members to take the floor was Adam
Wilkinson, Montana. He gave a very
interesting talk on the history of the
organization, and dealt with many of
the activities of the U. M. W. of A. in
the unorganized districts, especially the
southern states, where they are carrying on an active campaign of organization in Alabama and Kentucky. The
miners of Colorado are taking an interest in the organization. They have
about 6,000 members in one district.
The Victor American Co. haB recognized
the 'union, and the Colorado Fuel &
Iron Oo. is expected to fall in line before long. They obtained an increase
of wages automatically whenever the
fully-organized districts obtained an increase.
Delegate Wilkinson spoke of the beneficent results obtained by the making
of trade agreements, and cited Montana us an instance of what had been
obtained by the making of time agreements—no strikes, and a full treasury
(the latter may not prove to be the
boon it is claimed to be).
The minimum wage on the surface
in the Montana mines is $3.55, and on
the inside $4.00. (The wage paid to
some of Dicky McBride's Canadians
doesn't compare very favorably with
"Bobby" Harlln Present.
The next speaker was "Bobby"
Harlin, of District 10, Washington. He
also gave a brief history of the organization, tracing ita growth out of
the union of the old Knights of Labor;
lauded the time ngreement system,-on
the grounds that it prevented spasmodic strikes and builds up the treasury of the organization. He pointed
out the necessity of applying wage in-
croaseB on a Hut basis instead of the
percentage basis, as the increase on
percentage bnsis tends to make the difference between the high and low paid
men greater.
He spoke briefly upon tho personnel
of the coal commission nppointed by
the U. S. government to deal with tho
coal trade: to conserve tho coal supply
for national purposes. The gentlemen
composing this commission are almost
exclusively labor-skinners of the lowest
degree. The actions of the International in subscribing $50,000 to the
Liberty Loan was explained. (It need
ed some). The spenker claimed that
the executive board invested in Liberty Bonds for the purpose of securing gilt-edged security, carrying a good
rate of interest. It also had the effect
of kooping on tho good side of patriot;
The action of the executive, board
on the proposed elimination of the
clause debarring boy scouts from becoming members was excused on the
grounds that tho American boy scout
movement was not a militarist movement. He then stated an axiom, "that
the U. M. W. of A. was an opportunist
movement," and finished his oration
with the words, "I want to SEE Ger
many licked." Well! go to it, Bobby,
old Bport.   There's lots of room.
Dave Irvine On tbe Job.
Our old war-horse, "Davy" Irvine,
dealt very comprehensively with the
trouble in District 18, showing very
plainly that at tbe inception of the
trouble the men wore rather hasty in
their actions, especially in view of the
fact of their convention adopting the
non-suspension policy which provides
for the men remaining at work until
negotiations nro broken off.
He wns of the opinion, howover, that
the men were entitled to support after
the later    complications    had    arisen,
UB. PATBIOK DONWBLLY.
The only Liberal candidate of,tbe six Vancouver City ticket, at tbe provincial jceneralelec
■ City  _.. _   „    .
tions last fall to be defeated, but who will, in alt probability, be selected by the forth*
,    „         ......_ . JlT
bia views, though widely interested In flnanclal undertakings throughout the province.
coming convention of the Liberals In this cit;
contest the bye-election against all-comers,    "
ed by ,
ity as the logical choice of the party to
Mr. Donnelly is conservatively radical In
He Ib an experienced campaigner, having only recently acted as manager of Hon, J.
W. deB. Farris1 bye-election which at tbe last minute became unnecessary owing to
lack of opposition, probably because of the "preparedness." His political activltlei
In tbe province date back to 1900, the tempestous days of "Fighting .roe" Martin's
regime. In the 1916 elections, Mr. Donnelly polled 7005' votes, as against 6118 votes
cast for H. H. Stevens, M.P., when he was elected In 1911. The civilian vote for
Mr. Donnelly In September last was 5740, as against -1942 votes cast for Mr. C. E.
Tisdall, Conservative, next highest to Hon, W. j. Bowser on that occasion. Wben
aU is said and done, Mr. Donnelly has earned the confidence and support of hli party
and it Is freely asserted that at the coming convention be will be amply rewarded
for his consistent and energetic record as a public citiien In this city and province. ***
when the operators got stubborn and
refused to accept the .findings of the
arbitrator.
He declared himself as being opposed
to militarism in any form and commended the actions of our local in opposing conscription and advised the
men not to go too far ahead of the procession and make martyrs of themselves 'Unnecessarily.
B. O. F. of L. President There Too.
'Joe" Naylor spoke briefly, curtailing his remarks to allow of questions
being asked. He excused the action of
the International executive on the
grounds of ' political expediency."
That's about what it amounted to anyway.
A Bather Candid Impression.
I am afraid that if I were to give
my candid opinion of the impressions
I received it would perhaps be against
the interests of the whole of the work*
ers on this Island. However, one thing
no one could fail to notice was that
the labor movement across the line, as
far as real working class activity is
concerned, is dead from both ends.
When the officers of the organized
working class carry the art of compromise too far they are lost, and as
fur as I can see, the only attitude to
take is one of increasing warfare
against capitalism and non-participation in any war waged by the ruling
class.
Next week I hope to contribute n
short article on the visit of two of the
members of the compensation board.
TWENTY-FIVE TEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
July 2, 1692.
Following took seats as delegates:
W. T. Green, B. A. Shaw and C. McDonald, K. of L. No. 677 (Longshoremen); D. Stewart, Murray and Lundy,
Tailors; J. T. Beattie, H. W. McKeo
and Geo. Pollay, K. of L. No. 5006;
Thos. Oliver and W. Pleming, Amalgamated Carpenters; Geo. H. Leaner,
Percy Whitworth and Geo. Bartley,
Printers; S. Townley, D. M. (VDwyer
and F. P. Bishop, Painters; Geo. Gagen, Geo. Walker and A. Wilson, Brotherhood Carpenters; Robt. Cosgrove,
Frank Gale and Fred Bridge, Building
Laborers; J. Spearing, K. of L. No. 677,
ns delegate to Labor day committee.
President Bartley reported for Labor day committee. F. P. Bishop was
elected marshal for Labor day parade,
with P. Wood and Percy Whitworth
as aides.
Geo. Pollay reported re establishing
labor bureau, that something might
be done in that direction when a walking delegate was appointed,
Mr. N. D. Cochran, editor of a small
no-advertising daily published in Chicago, was in Washington rcently. In
speaking of what is going on there he
says, "the really big thing they talk
about in whispors and don't print in
newspapers is the fear of revolution
right here at home—unless the high
cost of living is knockd down quickly." Such being the case revolution
will surely come, for the very simple
reason that nothing short of that can
"knock" the wind out of high prices,
all of the "old Mother Partingtons"
with their brooms and mops to the contrary notwithstanding.
Those who are so very anxious to
bring the present war to an end may as
well preserve themselves with calm and
pickle their disturbed souls with patience. This delightful littlo ruling
class scrimmage will be brought to an
end in d*ue time, nnd the force that will
call the tuno will be BEVOLUTION,
Slavery, with its horrible and disgusting phantasmagoria of robbery, rapine
and slaughter, is destined to go. Thc
red flag of human brotherhood may
even now be seen upon the outer but-
tlemcnts. There will soon be a flne
assortment of thrones, crowns and
sceptres available to the junk man of
oblivion,
004 Robson Street, Vancouver
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from
all Boats, Trains, and any
part of the city.
Furniture
Moving
by Experts
Pianos Moved
and Hoisted
Storage andPacking
Phone us day or night
Seymour 605 and 405
Great Northern
Transfer
O. N. Railway
Main Street
Shipbuilders Laborers' Union.
At last meeting, 70 members being
present and 28 were initiated. W.
Hardy was elected business agent pro
tem. If successful in producing the
goods, another local business agent has
come to stay. Delegates appointed to
the Trades and Labor council: Bros. E.
Oliver, M. A. Phelp, Mcintosh and Hepburn. It was also decided to affiliate
with the Metal Trades council. The
next meeting will take place tonight,
being a "special."
The greatest mistuke recorded in history is that made by Czar Nicholns
when ho promulgated the "win the
war'' edict prohibiting the manufacture nnd snle of vodka. Just us soon
as the Russian workors and peasants
got the fumes of vodka out of their
heads they proceeded to plash the Czar
off his perch, in high class language
called a throne. Now that he is out of
a job the Czar no doubt realizes what
a mistake he made. When tho workers get over the patriotic drunk with
which thoy are afflicted at present,
there will be some more rulers whose
thrones will topple dangerously. Some
more Czars will be pushed into the discard.
Thc wage of labor is "pnid*1 out of
the product of labor. The living of the
capitalist, as well as his profits arc also
pnid out of the products of labor. The
laborer consumes his wageB oach day
in restocking his physical machinery
with the energy that ho has expended
in "earning" his wnge. Ho never has
anything left. All of which is equivalent to saying that ho works for nothing, boards himself and pays the capitalist class right handsomely for thc
privilege of so doing. And then to
add to his fclicitious circumstances his
country may. upon occasion conscript
him to go forth and "make the world
safe for democracy!" But he is not
the victim of a pipo-dream, but u
sovereign citizen, the equal of a king.
That is if he lives in tho United
States.
The Twelfth of July will be celebrated this year in B. C. at Mahon Park,
North Vuncrfjver. The programme concludes with a dance in the evening, ••*
Milk
18
Food
Read What
Professor Sherman, Columbia University, says:
"Thoao who aro ablo to spend
30 to 40 cents por person per day
for food, are practicing true economy when thoy buy the bost milk
obtainable, even at 15 to 20 cents
per qnart.
True Economy lies in high
food value. Milk is 100%
food.
Canadian Dairy Products
Publicity Bureau
A Fact Is
A Fact
CACTS may be strangled for years, but never killed.
* The general public has always been flrst to recognize
seienee or invention. Oovernment officials and professional men last. The citizens of British Columbia are being benefited by facts that we have presented from time
to time during the last seventeen years, and now professional men are awakening to the merit of our claims.
DEAD Dr. Walkem's letter.   It is a straightforward
endorsement of our claims:
(Copy)
ACTWOOPTICAL IK8T1TOTE
Venn. Jordan Jk Gamble, Vaneoaver, B. O.
Oeatlamen: I have to thank 701 for tto opportunity yoa have gtvea ao
taring tbo lut two or three months of oornbontiat oortala eoneluteaa I
art arrive* at with ngard to soma secondary functions of tto oro.
A dor or two of 0 I published la tto Province aa artlolo oa what X 00a-
aldirod waa a bow sabject ia ooaaoetloa with tto laaetieae of tto an. Ia
that artlolo I tried to ahow ttat la addition to tto ngalar ran of light
whioh put Into tto brain br meana ol tho eorma latea, aad rive ao tto
powor of sight, then woro ettor ran which had to bo aeeeaated for, aad
which It wu oalr reasonable to believe bad othor fuotlou to porta*.
In writing thia lettsr, I an raided br tto sola deoiro to advaaeo aar
seloatUo knowledge which weat promt possess.   It lo very anfortaaato la t
tho promotion of anything whloh one claims to bo eeientllcally bow, ttat
a professional brother* generally- exhibit a rabid antagonism to aar scion-
e discovery whloh bu not originated (rom tto brain box of oome oae
within their own profeuiostl ranke. It ahould uah* no matter or dlfer-
onoo to them how or br What moane the birth of a dUoovarr takea
place, eo long u it itandi the tact of a rigid Innotlgatlon br one ot ttelr
own kind.
In Current Opinion for June, thero U a voir timely article u to tto
notable abieneo of a ipirlt of march among the ranke of thoee who an
looked upon u tho professional exponent! of everything In the way of what
li new in the identlAc world. It le then pointed out that all the gnat
dlieoverlw of a pioneer kind In physiology, ehemiitry, biology and many
other "ogles" won made br men without organisation to autala thorn.
who often worked alone and moit often In a hoitllo atmosphere.' Juit inch
condltlona exlit ln thli very city. If statements of a novel chanoter an
made by men ontaide of tbe profession I am a member of, why doea not
some one investigate these so-called scientific dlseoveriea, and if they .will
not bear investigation, then come out openly and denounce tbe man who
makes the claim u a prince of fakers.
This would be a better and mon satisfactory ground to aisnme than ttat
taken by a majority of "wiseacres or witllnge" who, without giving the
statement! a moment's consideration or thought, denounce the claim of a
scientific dlicovery, u an emanation from one who withes to make money
by It instead of the more kindly wish to amedlonte the sufferings of the
human family. Aa I wu looking around for lorae evidence ln eupport of my
theory that the human eye had mon fnnctloni tban that of the commonly
accepted theory of eight and light only, I took the trouble to Investigate
many of the claims you pot forth, and in every cue I have ao far investigated, I found your contention to be correct.
True, I have not had tbe opportunity of pushing my enquiries by personally questioning every cue, but I hopo to do so In the future, to back np
and instain tbe Important theory I have advanced u to tho otter functions
of tbe eyo In connection with the raya of light which an transformed by
tha retina in some other manner than by the corpus lutea, the optic nerve,
the optic thalamus and the brain.
Youn very truly,
(Signed)    W. W. WALKEM, M. D.
Jane 7th, 1017.
(Copy)
Dr. W. W. Walkem, 1733 Twelfth Street Eut, City.
Dear Doctor: Wo wars glad to receive from you today a letter endorsing
the statements wo have been making in reference to defective and malformed
eyes. And we an gratified to know that your own experience and investigation prevails our own.
I may sey that each day brings to our offlee farther confirmation of the
faot that Ill-health of various kinds are largely preventable if proper steps
are taken to correct, by means of suitable lenses, the eye defects responsible
for the physical disabilities.
It la a pleasure for us to know''that, coming to onr oftee quite on yonr
own volition, yon uw for yourself the remits we have boon able to obtain
by oor methodi, and we wish to extend a further invitation to you. to
continue to avail yourself of our facilities at any time. Thla invitation
does not only include yourself, but it Is extended to any othen in yoar
profession who are interested In the subject we ara devoting our time to.
tours very truly,
J. P. GAMBLE,
Secretary Acltoo-optlcal Institute,  Ltd.
(Copy)
June 10th, 1917.
Dr. W. W. Walkem, 1732 Twelfth Street East, City.
Dear Dr. Walkem: We were Indebted to you for yonr letter of endorsatlon
dated June 0th, and as adequate publicity Is highly desirable if we are to
Interest the  general  public in  our  investigation  and  discoveries,   we  an
writing to auk your permission before usoing it as indicated.
Yours very truly,
ACTINO-OPTICAL INSTITUTE,  LTD.
A. McKAY JORDAN, President.
(Copy)
Vancouver, B. C, June 10th, 1917.
Dr. A. McKay Jordan, 830 Birks Building, Vancouver, B. C.
Doar Sir: In reply to your letter, doted Jnne 16th, I beg to stste that
while I did not Intend my letter for publication, it being one, simply thank*
. Ing yon and poor partner for courtesy shown to me when I wan making
some Investigations; yet I feel thst if lt will be of any use or bene8t to
you, I bave no objection to your making) use of it in a legitimate way, as I
am sure you will.    Youn very truly,
(Signed)    W. W. WALKEM, M. D.
Just Another Proof
T AST week we had thc privilege of examining thc first
■ infantile paralysis case to be quarantined in our city
last year. It proved our theories to be true, that structural irregularities of the eyes are the cause of Infantile
Paralysis—misnamed—that it is no more a germ disease
than any other kind of paralysis—as universally believed.
This child presented a condition of thc eyes that I have
repeatedly claimed would bc found in paralysis cases,
whether young or old, only this was a more exaggerated
form than many. These structural defects existed at
birth, and were of such an extent that thc eyes were
crossed, which must have been manifested to the physician in charge.
The left arm was badly shrunken. The intestinal organs improperly functioned. When the correcting lenses
were applied, thc child's eyes began to straighten. The
stomach began to function properly. He became loss irritable. He rested and slept better at night, ln one
week there was a marked change in the boy's condition.
Now, the mother is convinced that had thc child received proper attention at thc propor time, paralysis
would not have existed. These are her statements to mc,
and statements in which I fully concur.
It will be remembered by some, that the writer offered
to go to Washington, D. C., last summer to demonstrate
to thc authorities thc claims 1 presented to thc readers of
this city, and in reply from Washington, thc writer was
requested to make thc demonstration in his own locality
where this caso was reported. The writer asked thcX'ity
Health Officer, thc Hospital superintendent, the President
of thc Medical Association for the privilege of examining
this child's eyes for scientific purposes, and was very
curtly refused.
Enough has been said. You who suffer from nerve
troubles without knowing the cause—hove the answer in
Dr. Walk em's letter.
Eighth Floor, Birks Building
A. McKAY JORDAN,
Dlagiiostican
Ground Foor Branch, (.49 OranviUe Street
J. D. GAMBLE,
Consulting Specialist ln Oharge PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
A clean mouth
indicates good health
—and you can't have a clean mouth unless your teeth are
in proper condition.
Every defective spot in a tooth—every twinge or growl of
pain arising from, it is a signal which warns yow-not only ia
that tooth in danger, but that your general health is threatened.
YOU CAN'T AFFORD TO RUN THE RISK
See me us soon as your tooth becomes defective—even in
the slightest degree. Prompt attention mennB lsser cost for
attention, nssurance of comfort for you and guarantee of the
preservation of your health and working powers.
I make special provision for prompt attention to patients
coming from out ofl the dty.
Phone
Sey. 3314
Dr.Wm. H.
son
DOOTOE OF DENTAL SUBOBBT
602 Granville Street
ir. Dunsmuir Private entrance
M I L L I N E RY
SATURDAY BARGAINS
TREMENDOUS REDUCTIONS ON TRIMMED
HATS, UNTRIMMED SHAPES, AND ALL SUM-
MER GOODS.
THE PATRICK MILLINERY CO.
(B. PAIEIOK)
Sey. 3291 532 ORANVILLE STREET
Sattorittg
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or Overcoat.
$W,00 to $40.00
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 GRANVILLE STREET
Sols Agents for Vancouver
Smile—
if you can. A quick, warm smile, an honest
gnn right from the heart, goes a long way
to smoothing out life's little troubles. Perhaps the condition of your teeth prevent the
full, glowing smile?
Then  Have Your
Teeth Made Good
at once. Beauty is only skin deep. You
can not present that pleasing appearance
you would like if your health is being undermined by poor teeth, nor can you smile
if there are gaps in your teeth. Make an
appointment for my personal service and
attention.
oiBce open XeL Sey. 2715
TueatUy ud Rlday evenings "* °"'* *V
DR. GRADY
202 Bank of Ottawa Building
Hastings and Seymour Streets
PRINTING
COWAN li BBOOKBOUIB
Later Temple frxtN    Sey. 4400
To memben of mr anion la Cinide •
■pedal nte for Tke Federation!!* of 91
mt ysar—lt a elnb of 10 or more le sent
Poultry Wanted
BBS! PBIOBI
HARRY STEVENS
'   Phene aeymeet 1097
no oitnvtii* st
In the worda of   the   lete Thomaa
Hood, the late English poet:
"Oh Ood, that wealth should be to
dear,
And flesh and blood eo cheap."
THE NANAIMO
COAL
BEST _!___
BEST FEIOB
BBK 8EEVI0B
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wbart Office:
rOOT COLUMBIA AVENUB
Uptown Offlco:
407 OBANVILLB STBEET
Seymour 226
EMPRESS	
Strawberry Jani
o o   IB JUST LIKE   o o
THE JAM MOTHER USED TO MAKE
Tou can get the new pack now.   Comee in one-lb. glass jars or 4-TD, tins
ASK TOUB OROOER FOR IT
Ton cm hare yonr
money buk If the Jam
ie not pure or does not
giro satisfaction
Empress Manufacturing Co
Manufacturers of guaranteed
food products
Vancouver, B. C,
.July, 6, Ml!
MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE
MAKES COOP SUCCESTION
Would Have Federal Government Put
Thousands of Acres of Land Under
Cultivation To Avoid Shortage
Hon. Duncan Marshall, minister of
agriculture in the adjoinhig province of
Alberta, may not know a great denl
about agriculture; he may be the politician that he himself thinks he is; he
may be as dominating a factor in the
political game as aome of hia critics
charge him with; he may not be particularly original in his ideas. But lie
ut least has one idea for publication
that should b'e placed to hiscredit.
At the Calgary fair recently Mr. Marshall suggested that the federnl government proceed now to break up some
500,000 acres of land available in Alberta, and get it ready for a grain crop
next year. Thia, tbe minister- said,
would at leaBt help to solve the difficulties of any cereal shortage because of
exports this winter.
Such a plan, -as even Mr. Marshall
can Bee, would not only ensure increased
food production, alleged by thc patriots
to be essentia], but it would assist in
solving the returned soldier problem, if
there is any solution.
In fact if the proper men are placed
in charge of the work, the undertaking
will undoubtedly prove such a success
thut it will lead to other ventures on a
similar sound business basis.
The FederationiBt hopes that the idea
will be developed by the federal government, if only to offset the gcnral
opinion in the public mind that it ia incapable of grasping an idea or executing anything really worth while.
POSTMEN'S THIRD ANNUAL
BASKET PICNIC TOMORROW
Postmen and Their Many Friends Will
Sojourn to Larson's for the Day.
Tbe postmen's third annual basket picnic will be'held tomorrow fit
Larson'b (near Whytecliffe). Trains
leave North Vancouver Vt 2:30 p.m.
(picnic special) and 3:02 p.m., returning at 7:16 p.m., 8:30 p.m. (picnic
special and 10:16 p.m. Sports prizes,
ten sugar and milk provided. Facilities for bathing. Tickets, ad-jlts 60c,
children 30c.
Sports programme (two prizes)—50
yards handicap race, boys under seven
years; 50 yards handicap race, girls under seven years; 75 yards handicap
race, boys under twelve years; 75
yards, girls under 12 years; egg and
spoon race, postmen's wives; egg and
spoon race, postmen only; nail driving
contest, ladies only; 100 yards handicap, ladies only; 200 yards handicap,
gents only; three-legged race, committee men only.
The public cordinlly invited. ^A
good titaie for all. Get your tickets
from the postman.
A SPASM OF VIRTUE
AND A CHANOE OF HEART
Continued from page 1
fact thnt it had been so long overlooked by the late-lamented Bowser
government is a sorry reflection upon
the perspicacity of that celebrated aggregation of political and acquisitive
talent. That the Liberal government
has so splendily risen to the occasion,
as is indicated by its proposed action
in the matter, speaks volumes on behalf of the keenness of vision and
clearness of political insight upon the
part of the noble electorate of the province, which so cleverly ousted the inept political villains of yore and
substituted a far more capable bunch.
One Oood Thing About It.
At least one thing will result from
the opening of these slave plantations
to the ordinary everyday practices nnd
customs of the civilized world.
The opportunity will be opened for
the slaves to organize and ally themselves with their fellows in other parts
for their mutual protection and betterment.
It will open the door for the labor
union official to come in and get in
touch with the men there employed,
possibly with a view of bringing them
into the organizations of labor already
existing.
The brutal and arrogant ruffianism
that has ben previously indulged in by
the masters of these "closed" alave
pens will scarcely be tolerated in the
future.
The instincts of common decency
should at least preclude the possibility
of any of these infamous relics of a
past age longer surviving in any civilized state. The Federationist is
well aware that a civilized state iB
only a slave state, but there were customs and practices in the days of chattel alavery and feudal aerfdom thut
are quite oat of place under the glorious banner of capitalism and its wage
slavery.
The safety of the capitalist system
and the perpetuation of itB most glorious reign largely depends upon the unshaken faith of the wogeworker in his
own freedom.
Once that is broken and he realizes
that his fancied freedom is a myth, Mb
capitalist masters can no longer rely
upon his loyal support of their vulgar
system of plunder and piracy.
In order that tbat faith be not
shaken every precaution should be
taken against such action or the maintenance of Buch institutions as might
tend to rub the fact of actual slavery
into the mind of the wage slave who
thinks he is free because he reads it
in a book or a daily paper.
These "closed towns," like Anyox
nnd Britannia, are such glaring refutations of the alleged freedom of labor,
that it ia distinctly in tbe interest of
capitalism itself that they be abolished, less they prove instrumental in giving the snap away by awakening thc
workers to the humbug nnd hypocrisy
of their pretended freedom
Perhaps that is one renson actuating
Mr.
Family Man
Your attention is called to
tho fact that just now wc
arc holding our Mid-summer
Clearing Sale of SHOES.
Bargains in all depart-
ments; some broken lines at
less than cost.
CLUFF SHOE CO.
649 HASTINOS STREET WEBT
Women's
Middy Blouses
'    In An
Extensive
Variety
We particularly direct
attention to our very fine
display of middies, ranging in prico from $1.00 to
$1.75. In this assortment
every desirable style is represented'. There are
models in all-white and
white with colored trimmings. There are coat
styles and straight styles,
long sleeves or short
sleeves, and different qualities according to price.
If you want middy
blouses you will find our
displays specially interesting and the values will
appeal to you.
Come and view the
showing tomorrow.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
the present government of B. C. in abolishing them.
If it isn't it surely ought to be.
At any rate Tbe Federationist is glad
they are to be abolished, for the simple
reason that overy time a petty grievance is rectified tbere is all the more
time left to devote to the main task
of assaulting the capitalist system of
slavery, from which all of the lesser
evils that a let mankind draw their
being and tbeir subsistence.
So it is good all around.
Lt her go as she looks.
CENTRAL LABOR BODY
IN SESSION LAST EVENING
Continued from page 1
was most successful, but that be could
not make any statement as to negotiations which were being carried on.
Del. Welsh said tbe Plumbers bad
received an increase of tl per day,
which tbe president remarked was a
"lead pipe cinch."
Del. Morrison, Electrical Workers,
said the B. C. E. R. bad granted an
increase of 5 cents per hour to the
Electrical Workers, and $10 per month
to monthly men.
Secretary Midgley said Mayor McBeath hod offered the Firemen one day
in six, and later, one in five. The
mayor tried to bully the men into accepting an offer and is said to have
stated tbey could strike and he would
fill tbeir places with scrubs.
Del. Tree asked if the Labor Temple
ball was refused to tbe Anti-ConBcrip-
tlonists for ,u meeting. Preaident McVety replying that the hall was not
available on the night in question.
Nomination of Officers.
Nomination of officers for the corning
term resulted as follows:
President—Del. Thomas, Del. McVety.
Vice-president—Del. Hoover.
General Secretary—Del. Midgley.
Sergcnnt*at-Arme—Del. Harrison.
Trustees — Dels. Crawford Kelly,
Welsh and Marshall.
Ntw Business.
Del. Hardy came again on the ques*
tion of thc filing of the communication
from the Anti*Conscription League of
Winnipeg and upbraided tbe council
for its attitude.
Moved thut the council elect a com-
mittee with power to act to organize
the anticonscription forces of Vancouver.
This was soconded by Del. Winch,
and supported by Del. Thomas, who
said tbe Trades and Lnbor council del*
egateg were n "jelly flsh bunch."
Del. Bruce opposed, said the council
was for the betterment of conditions
of the workerB, not for the purpose of
bringing about anti-conscription * meetings.
Del. Hubble thought it wns time the
Trades and Labor co'uncil took more
active steps to combat tbe conscription
issue.
-Pres. McVety left the chair and said
he was opposed to tbe resolution, as he
did not think the council Bhould stand
sponsor for the organization of the
movement, which, if strong enough,
could organize itself. A movement
which the council stood sponsor for
hnd got to be a movement which it
could control. The anti-conscription
movement had not boen advanced one
lota by any meetings held by tbe al*
loged anti-conscription league, of which
Del. Hnrdy was one of the principals.
Del. Hardy held no mandate from his
local in this matter. The speaker did
not think the council could do better
thnn allow the various locals to take a
vote on tbe question of a general strike.
Del. Tree said the council could not
assist the movement much anyway, but
he did not wish it to go out that the
STREETRAILWAYMEN
WILL VOTT TOMORROW
Keen Interest Evidenced In Result of
Division Elections—"Bullpen"
Gossip
Business Agent Fred. A. Hoover of
Pioneer Division No. 101, received a
letter this week from Wm. Klrby, one
of the first members of the union to
enlist, three years ago. Mr. Kirby has
seen much service, and is now doing
garrison duty in England, but expects
to return to France again shortly. He
is looking forward to his refurn to
Vancouver with interest, though he
figures the war will have to go on at
least another year. He speaks interestingly of the situation in Russia. Mr.
Kirby was, at the time of enlistment,
vice-president of No. 101,
Keen interest is being evidenced in
the election of officers, which takes
place tomorrow. With nearly overy office being contested, and the general
discussion prevalent around the men's
Main street waiting room, the outcome
is being looked forward to as an eveiit
in tbe history of thc Division. A big
vote is anticipated.
The case of J. Toffolletto, who hnd
been injured in the company's service
last January, and^whose caBe was at
first disallowed by the Workmen's
Compensation Board, was reopened, in
Vancouver, at the instance of the Division officials, and the finding is expected shortly.
A notice bas been posted by the executive for the guidance of the membership who will be voting tomorrow, setting forth a ruling made by the Division prior to last election, governing
the classification of day men, night men
and extra men. One of the anomalies
arising out of the ruling will make it
impossible for Bro. Peppar to vote for
himself.
central body was in favor of conscription, which would happen if they turn*
ed down the resolution.
Del. Dickinson also opposed the motion. He believed it was quite evident
that the anti-conscription meetings had
been a failure. If the council were a
"bunch of jelly-fish,'/ there was no
reason for the antis "coming to theta
for support.
Secretary Midgley explained his action in connection with the reply to
the Winnipeg communication, and said
he believed he sent the name of Del.
Hardy down us one of the principals of
the movement in Vancouver. He suggested that certain delegates should
turn their attention tt> other movements if they had such a poor opinion
of the eouncil us they expressed. He
admired Del. Bruce for his courage in
taking the stand he had although he
did not agree with some of his remarks.
Del. Hardy again took thc floor and
said the,only paper in Vnncouver which
had come out straight ngainst conscription was the Western Clarion. The
B. C. Federationist had only said: "If
wealth is conscripted—all right."
Del. McVety moved an amendment
that the council again go on record as
against conscription, with u readiness
to co-operate with any responsible body
in any proper movement along thoso
lines.
Del. Hardy spoke against the amendment at some length.
Del. Hubble also spoke against it.
The executive of the council had been
'dead bunch" on the matter and a
new lot were needed.
Del. Miss Gutteridge opposed the
motion and fnvored the amendment.
She applauded Del, Bruce for his courage. If conscription came in the women would be indirectly conscripted,
as they had already been actually conscripted industrially in Great Britain.
The amendment carried by 34 to 13.
Delegate Kelly said he was opposed
to both motion and amendment nnd
asked to go on record, as he thought the
motion was fantastic.
That Imperial Munitions Board.
Del. Crawford moved and Del.
Broomfield seconded the following resolution, which was carried almost un*
auimously:
"That this council protest against
the action of tho Imperial Munitions
Board encouraging eastern contractors
starting shipyards, when old established yards are trying to obtain large or*
ders and furthermore do not approve
of incapable inspectors thnt are receiving appointments through the different political parties."
Del. Tree opposed the resolution,
Del, Welsh speaking in favor.
More "Conscription" Discussion.
Pel. Kelly then came back to the
anti-conscription question, moving that
the executive hold, at the earliest possible moment, a meeting to oppose conscription, and invite the co-operation
of any bodies which are in the opinion
of the executive responsible.
A delegate asked why no report of
the.recent meeting held by the Socialist Party of Canada appeared  in the
B. C. Federationist. President McVety
replied that no report was sent in, and
that The Federationist was not the official organ of the S. P. of C.
The resolution was then put and
carried.
Last-Minute Items.
De.1. Thomas then moved that the locals be circularized and that the withdrawal of tbe present Compensation
Board be demanded.
President McVety said that inasmuch aB it waB somewhat premature
he would respectfully ask the delegate
to withdraw his motion for the present,
to which the mover consented.
The council endorsed n wage scale
submitted by the delegate for the International Brotherhood of Steam Shovel and Dredgemen. The scale wns
for $175 per month for engineers;
cranesmen $125; and firemen, $100 per
month. Eight hours to constitute a
day's work and'' twenty-six days a
month'b work.
Empress
Theatre
Stock Company-
Phone Sey. 2492
Box Offlce Opens 10
a.m. Thursday
Commencing
MONDAY, JULY 9
Herbert Bashford's
Wonderful play of
Heart Interest
"A Light in
the DarK"
"Laughter and Tears"
Blended into a
"Ray of Sunshine"
DON'T MISS IT~~
10c, 15c and 25c
Matinee Wednesday
and Saturday
10c and 15c
Nothing cheap but the
price
At prices never before
dreamed of
THE ONLY UNION MEN'S CLOTHING AND
FURNISHING STORE IN VANOOUVER
Our Suits at
$15.00
represent values which cannot be equalled
at the price by any other store in the city.
The variety is large and the patterns new.
You will be sure to find the style you desire
among these suits.
Our broad guarantee: Entire satisfaction
to the wearer ior money refunded; is always
behind our merchandise.
C "rancor hart; sch*fwh& ham (xvmSa
iMmnHS
*mW.UMfTlD
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
8. P. Or O. MASS MEETINQ
W. A. Pritchard on Modern Capitalism
at tax Theatre Sunday.
At the Rex theatre Sunday night, W.
A. Pritchard spoke, the subject living
"Modern Capitalism," from the viewpoint of the woVkora. He pointed oat
that markets for surplus products diminished in ratio to the growth of capitalist nations. Tho position of Ihe
worker was moro and more precarious,
and reprisals Were inflicted upon any
individual protestor against unsafe
working conditions. The spenker denlt
at length with*, the alleged public press
asserting the prevarications of the press
were habitual and thnt tho journalism
of the day hnd to keep pace with capitalism. The poisoning of the working
class mind was essential to the continuance of the rule of capital. He showed
how the journals accomplished this
function of deception, nnd emphasized
the^ need of the workers for a presB of
their own and working class support of
their existing papers. Tho collection of
the meeting, held '.mder tho auspices of
the S. P. of C, wns announced at $21,
nnd tbe name of J. Harrington given
out ns next Sunday's speaker.
vividly portray a picture trom the Labor aide
of lite that will make you a better man or
woman for having seen It. *«**
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hastings Stnet Wert
Letter Gutters' Election.
Tho result of tbe referendum of
delegates on tbe nominations for Federated President and Federated Vice-
president of tbe F. A. L. C, has now
been obtained: Fed....erated President
-A". Victor Beaupre Montreal, P. Q,,
the present vice-president, elected;
vice-president — William MacDonald,
Hamilton, Ont., eleoted. Both received majorities on the flrst choice ballots.
A WONDERFUL LABOB
PLAT At THE EMPRESS
The mont forcible argument for lsbor ever
written is embodied In the wonderful pity
"A Light In the Dark." wblch will be played
all week it the Kmpren theatre, commencing
Monday, July 0,
Thla great play wai written by Herbert
Bashford,  one of  the  brilliant writers  of
modern tlmea, wbo la,a worthy champion of
v      - 1 every one who wltneai.ee hla pfae-
l»y. whether capltaliat or worker,
Labor, and every one who wltneasea hla phenomenal play, whether capitalist or wo
111 be thrilled by hli direct appeal for Jus-
tlce and right.
Miss Kdythe, who made each a tremendous
hit In "Which One Shall I Harry," wll) be
■een   aa   the   worklngman's   girl,   and   will
The Next Issue bf the
Greater Vancouver
Telephone Directory
CLOSES on JULY 15th, 1917
If vou are contemplating taking
new service, or making any changes
in or tidditions to your present service, you should send in notification,
in writing, not lator than the above
date, in order tbat you make take
advantage of the new directory listings.
British Colombia Telephone Co. Ltd.
\^^o^^*m___^
AND
Porter
_ . Or America JEitv
i wrwwT t__jj______ '— I
Ask ter thla Labal when pnrebailpf Beer,
Ala or Porter, at e (uarantae tbat It la Onion
Thla la our Label
OWEN & McCALLUM
Mallaablo Bum suit Ud
Heavy Hardware; screen dooia
ud wisdom.
SSS7 MAW SI. Ptonc Toit. tal
Hotel Canada
618 Bichards Stroot
VANCOUVER
(Nom Lahor Tomplo)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
Leckie
Shoes
Highest Quality-
—that is tho thought that confronts every member of the
Leckie organization — it's the
only thing that counts.
Everything else is subservient
to this one outstanding factor.
BO WHEN YOU BUT
Leckie Boots
whether for use in the mines—on
the farm—in the woods—over
the hills—on the city streets—out
in the suburbs—for boys nnd
girls going to school or in vacation time — REMEMBER that
there is a LECKIE BOOT made
for each of theBe particular pur*
poses nnd each is of Distinctive
high Qunlity.
Tjie "Leckie" trademark is
stamped upon each pair as your
assurance of the fullest possible
value.
Tho Quality does IK before tho
name does OR <— that's a
"LEOKIE"
AT TOUB DEALERS
PANAMAS and STRAW HATS
The season's new*
eBt, smartest mod*
els In full dieplny.
Never was a better choosing time.
TimHzts
Panamas,   16 and
up.
Ladles'  Panamas,
10.00
Men's Straw Hnta
11.60 to 15.00
RICHARDSON & POTTS, Ltd.
Exclusive Hatters 417 Granville Street

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