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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 15, 1917

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/In Tucenm \
\ oitr, iioo )
$1.60 PER YEAR
IE 13
Held  Under  Auspices  of
Trades and Labor Council
and Socialist Party
.Good Audience Listens to
Reasons Why Conscription
. Should Be Turned Down
High Cost of Living Gives
Strength to Its Voice
To Make Demands
Substantial    Increase
Wages Required in
Order to Live
UNMARKED BY hysterical enthuri-
. asm, such as is conspicuous at
I meetings held by tho patriotic adher-
I ents to the causo of slavery, otherwise
I known as conscription, but noticeable
■because of the careful hearing given the
1 speakers, and the desire evinced by all
[present to profit by every word spoken
[by those who have made a study of
[economic conditions and applied that
I study to delving into and ferreting out
[the innermost reason for the present at-
■tempt on the part of the powers that be
Ito shackle the worker with the con-
■scription measure, the meeting held in
■the EmpresB theatre was a success in
f the true sense of tho word.
Despite the abnormnl conditions pre-
I vailing, owing to the fact that the eny
I ployees ef tho B, C. Electric Railway
■company hud decided to take an indefinite holiday, as a result of which act
[not a wheel was turning on the street
tear track,  a circumBtunco   which pre-
■ vented many people from the outskirts
lot* tho city from attending. A fair-
fjsieed audience listened attentively to
1 the speakers and manifested a keen in-.
I tercNt in the matter presented to it,
I maintaining perfect ordor -throughout,
laud filing out after the meeting with-
[out one untoward incident.
No Hoodlums Present.
1/ That this was possiblo was due to the
Ifnct that the members of the hoodlum
■cluss, whoso sole dosire has been to stir
■up trouble, and thus attempt to take
■away from the serious dignity of the
■question before the public, were con-
Isnicuous by their absence, the informa-
I tlon vouchsafed by tho chairman at re*
■cent meetinga as to tbe course mapped
lout for dealing with interrupters, and
■ the method in which that course would
lbe put into aetion, having* apparently
liatisflod the would-be disturbers that
■thore would bo "something doing" if
■they attempted to pull anything off in
■the nature of a riot. The speakers of
■the evening wore Comrades I.nfeaux,
■Pettipiece, Prltchard and Kingsley,'in'
■tho order of their addresses, the chair-
■man for tho occasion being President
■J. H. McVety of the Trades council.
I In outlining the purpose for which
■the meeting had been, called, the latter
I remarked that order would be maintain*
led at alt costs, and reiterated bis state-
I ments made at tho last conscription
■meeting, held by the Trndes and Labor
■eiecutive, as to how offenders would
|bo dealt with.
Under Joint Auspices.
Tho gathering had been culled, under
■the joint auspices of the Vnncouver
■Trades and Lubor council and the Ho-
Sciolist Party .of Canada, for the purpose
lof hearing speakers in opposition to
■lonscription, nnd those speakers would
■be heard quietly and without interrup-
Ition. The policy of tho Socialist party
■wub that everyone was entitled to equal
■rights of free speech, and In conceding
■these rights to others, they intended to
■take them for themselves. Tho chairman
■pointed out thut whilo thoro might pos*
Islbly bo detailed differences of opinion
■among the Bpcnkors, observable in their
■expression of idoas, there was a united
■front which was to be shown against
■tho proposed conscription bill.
A United Opposition.
Comrade W. W.  Lafenux then took
■tho plntform, and opened his remarks
■with tbo stnement that he believed all
■present wero one as regarding their an*
Itagoaism towards the proposed measure,
land that tho points brought out by tho
various speakers would be seen to come
together, although some variance ns to
how each saw certain things mny be
shown.   Comrade Prltchard nnd himself
represented tho internntionnl working
class, and ho desired to point out that
it wns not neeessury to be a piek and
shovel artist in order to belong to thnt
great class.   Any man who did useful
work in tho development or evolution
of human socioty, wns a member of the
working class, no matter in whnt grade,
As opposed to this, the capitalist class
was made ;ip of those who did no useful
work   In   society.    There   were  really
vory few of tho later class in Vancouvor, for mn nv of thoHO who mado a
noise and endeavored to create the impression that they wore the ronl thing,
wero only henchmen of the capitalist
Iclnss, putting on the screws for their
■masters higher up.   These henchmen in-
■eluded ministers of religion, editors of
■newspapers and that class of what the
■Frenchman   calls   canaille,   said   the
Ispeaker, although ho remarked that he
■Old not mean tho latter term in. its lit-
lernl Benso.   "1 notice," said he. "that
■the sky pilots are exempt under tho
■proposed  conscription  bill.    I suppose
■ihrt thoy hnvo earned this by their do*
Tcility. their preaching of the doctrine of
Jhumllity, their long suffering, and tho
■manner in which they urged the work-
T'n. to enduro hell here, put up with hell
tn the hopo of getting to heaven ns a
•ewnrd,   One would hnvo thought these
nen would hnvo been the first into the
renches, as they aro moro fit to dlo
ban their fellows.   According to their
cachings, thoy Bhould have boon ready
o moot thoir God und nscond to hen*
ten, for they certainly are not wanted
•nre."    Continuing,  the  spenker snid
hat there were in tho lives of all men
.nd all nations, times when certnin pro*
>lsms cropped up and the people were
rrojght face to face with a condition
/here some definite stand hnd to be
nken.   It was one of the laws of nn-
ure,   They had como to that position
n human, society now, and the memberB
f the working class were brought face
o face with tbe proposition that they
hould or should nof do a certain thing.
Continued on page 7
aserts itself it is contagious. This
is true also when applied to the Labor
movement 'neath the grand old
Rockies. Well, to make a long story
short, the "spirit"—discontent, the
mother of progress—iB abroad in the
land. Earlv in the season the building trades .had their innings. A little
later on the metal tradesmen decided to
join in the procession of those who are
vainly trying to catch up to Old man
H. C. of L. A few days ago the street
railway employees voted to take a hand
in the game. Now, the waterfront workers seeml'Bomewhat willing to make it
Draft and Present New Schedule.
A new schedule of wages and working conditions has been drafted and
presented by officials of the international Longshoremen's union to the
shipping interests involved.
To The Federationist late last night
one of the local officials said:
"Quite irrespective of a so-called
"voluntary" advance made by waterfront employers, in order fo offset united and effective notion by the membership of the Longshoremen's union,
tho schedule pf wages nnd working conditions drawn >ap by the men of the
various British Columbia ports, has
beon submitted by representatives of
these men to the shipping interests of
the several ports. And the men are
standing solidly behind their representatives.
"District Vice-president Taylor, Victoria, .opresentatives of Local 38-52,
Vnncouver, ond the newly-organized
Marine Warehousemen, are co-operating with international officials in the
common interest of B. C. locals. These
representatives feel that the men have
an excellent case and they Intend to
leave nothing undone which will secure
the enforcement of their demands,
"A meeting between the deepwater
ship and dock interests and the employees' officers will take place this
afternoon, the result of which will be
reported bacR to the men, witb practically no possibility of the men announcing their attitude on the question
of doepwnter ship nnd dock wages until after meeting with the coastwise
nnd ruilroud interests, when the men
will be in a position to consider oil
questions of wages nnd working conditions pertaining to their employment ns
a wholo.
"For deepwater ship work the men
are demanding 00 cents per hour,' with
DO cents for overtime. For dock work
performed in connection with deepwater vessels, (10 cents per hour, 75 cents
for overtime. Tbe latter rates to apply on ull British Columbia coastwise
' '■■■i	
A Lesson on the Advisability of Preparedness—The Superior Virtue of Direct Action
Over Puerile Parliamentarism and Political Folly Clearly Indicated— Sign
Posts and Weather Vanes That May Profitably be Studied by Revolutionary Don Quixotes, Sterilised Labor Leaders, And Others
IN THESE DAYS of a ruling class civilization gone mad1, and busily engaged ip the extremely laudable occupation of gloriously committing suicide through an overdose of its own deadly poison, the
deadly poison of human slavery and the horrible train of evils that follow in its wake, it becomes a
matter of extreme satisfaction to gather even a scrap of wisdom from out of the flotsam and jetsam
cast up by the turbulent and turbid tide of capitalist sagacity and brutality. The following choice bit,
wafted by the, wind of fate into our hands, throws an invaluable light jipon the precautions being
taken by industrial overlords andl masters to safeguard their precious privilege of torturing and robbing slaves, against assault from whatever direction,it is likely to come. To thc "direct actionist" it
should give strength to the'faith that is in him of the utter futility of political action upon the part of
the workers in th'eir struggle against their masters and exploiters, and bring an added confidence in
the virtue of his own pet philosophy. To the old line trade unionist, it should bring the assurance of
the complete efficacy of his time tried old programme of "collective bargaining" and] "the right to
strike." It should clearly* point out to all workers, either organized or otherwise, thc utter stupidity
of even the slightest effort being made by the working class to wrest from the control of the master
class the machinery of government, whereby the brutalities and cruelties of capitalist and all other
brands of masters are made possible.
City Firemen Want Support
lor the Two-platoon
Question One Which Should
Arouse Interest of All
Members Touring Province to Secure
First-hand  Suggestions.
Tin' commissioners under the Compensation act, Mesttrs. E. 8. H. Winn, H.
B. Oilmour and Parker Williams, held
their flrst meeting in connection with
their tour of the province in Nanaimo,
on TuvRdiiy evening.
In his opening remarks, Mr. Williams
stated the object of the commissioners
in making the tour and holding meet*
lugs was not so much to explain the
compensation bill and its workings as
to get ideas, suggestions, etc., from the
workers as to what amendments were
necessary in order that defects might
bo remedied and the bill made more
beneficial to those in need of assistance,
In reply to the suggestion that nystagmus ond sulphur poisoning be placed on the lint of compensated diseases,
Mr. Winn expressed his pleasure that
(lie suggestion had been mnde, and stated tho commissioners would plnco the
suggestion before Dr. Jones, the board's
medical adviser, and if he recommended
the adoption the board would be only
too willing to act immediately. In reply to the suggestions that the amount
to funeral benefits and compensation to
widows be increased, Mr. Winn stated
such increases were entirely in the
hands of the legislature, and any agitation for such increases he advised be
taken up with the members of the
Another question asked the chairman
of .tho commission was if compensation
was paid for injuries received while
working on Sundays, and in reply, Mr.
Winn stated Sunday was no different
from any other day, as far as the board
was concerned, and any man injured
while working on .Sunday received the
same consideration ns if he was injured
on a Monday.
Powell River Local Elects Officers for
Ensuing Tear.
At the regular monthly meeting of the
I. B. of P. M., Local No. 142, tho following officers woro elected for the en-
s.iing year:
President—Bro. Ralney,
Vice-president—Bro. Proy.
financial secretary—Bro, Oeddes.
Corresponding seeretary—Bro. Towne.
After June 1st the Local will hold
only one meeting a month for the summer months.
W. J. F.
The Lesson. *
This lesson in preparedness comes
from no lesser authority upon tbe need
of such provision than the Winchester
Repeating Arms Oompany, of New
Haven, Conn. A copy of the circular
letter that follows has evidently been
sont to the owners of every industrial
plant on this continent. The letter has
been accompanied by a blue print showing the protective system of the Company's plant at New Haven. Upon
the bask of the blue print is found
necessary instructions in regard to
drawing a diagram of any plant, such
drawing to be forwarded to the Winchester people, who will then devise a
protective plan to fit the circumstances.
The company will also provide the necessary equipment of "riot guns,"
which are described aB short range repeating guns, UBing a cartridge loaded
with buckshot and so simple and easy
to operate that ''any man can use
one.'' At least one lesson is to be
drawn from this and that Ib that skilled
marksmanship iB not required. The art
of killing either "Prussian Huns" or
striking workmen is thus reduced to
the level of common and, therefore,
.cheap labor. This Ib an eminently
strong point in favor of the short range
weapon which fires buckihot, and  a
fjoint that will undoubtedly add great-
y to its popularity among owners of
industrial plants. In fact it must become a very popular weapon of defence
in the hands of plutocratic warriors in
the great war that is now being waged
on behalf of "liberty" and for the
over throw of "brutal autocracy."
Tbe Letter.
Dew Bir; Moit Urge manufacturing plants
are more than mually Intereited, at tbe preient. time, la the matter of Plant Protection
■gainst the pomlbllity of d lit urban cei, either
racial or political,
Employing ai they do a large mixed population, racially, of unknown political leaning
and of unknown itatui from other standpoints, tbere are considerable possibilities
under the preient disturbed International alt*
In addition to protection for the property
Itself, the strongest assurance is needed at
this time tbat protective steps have been
taken, in order that employees may feel secure in romalnlng.
We flnd that not one plant in a hundred
has adequate protection or facilities for devising a really scientific or skilful protection
plan, and, particularly, for determining
quantity and disposition of arms, placement
of patrols, fixed posts, and special illumination.
Our Protection Engineers will serve plants
requiring expert assistance of tbls kind, without charge,
Wo enclose a diagram of our New Haven
Plant, with "protection points" circled In
A key to this diagram would ahow what
each point means, Indicating where arms are
required, showing number of gum, and name
of the responsible roan at each point in
whoie custody tbey are placed.
We have purposely omitted patrols, fixed
posts, and some other features, from thli
diagram (for obvious reasons),
If you are Interested in thli matter of
ft proper plan for you, If you will send us a
diagram of your plant, made up la tb* fol*
Plant Protection, our englneera will work up
jam.  __ .
lowing manner.
Draw tbe plan to scale of not more than
100 feet to the Inch, showing buildings and
groundi. Thla diagram ahould bt carefully
numbered or marked, ftnd explanatory notes
made covering the markings, showing;
Publlo and Private Streets.
Btreet Car Lines,
Power Plants.
Water Supply Sources.
Oss Supply Sources.
Electric Supply Sources,
Location of genera) offices.
Location of desks or
Offices of
Doorkeepers,       -
We should also have a statement showing
office hours, hours of factory operation, number of plant employees; also, an explanation
of your preient protection organlutlon, methods and provisions.
We will at once work up from this data
a comprehensive protection plan, embracing
patrols, arms locations, quantity tn each
location, together with suggestions about spe>
clal points, and about regular as well as em*
ergency Illumination.
We  are  dally  receiving orders  for emer
gency supplies of guns pending preparation
of complete protection plans. If you wish
a minimum shipment sent you, the attached
circular gives full particulars and prices. We
Huggi-Ht that you authorise us to ship to .you
immediately an emergency supply of guns
The explanatory circular enclosed covers
the gun especially designed and usually employed for thd purpose.
All information, diagrams, and other data,
as well aa all communications    from  you.
Scene Shifts to Nanalmo.
Several of the girls employed at tbe
Canadian Explosives Works at Departure bay are unking for an increase In
Jay, and iu order to add force to their
emnnd have decided to stay away from
Organisation   Nearing 100 Per Oent.
Among Afflliated Unloni.
At a largely attended meeting of thc
Metal Trndes council held on Wednesday night reports received from the affiliated unions indicated thnt most of
the metal trades were now nearing the
100 per cent. mark. The Boilermakers nnd Iron Shipbuilders reported thnt
there had been signs of discrimination
ngninst one of their members in Cough-
Inn's. After discussing the question at
length, the council instructed the committee at Coughlan's to Investigate the
complaint, and to support the Boilermakers to the limit if the complaint
was well founded. Arrangements are
being made to negotiate with few firms
who haven't granted the shorter day,
and it Is eipeoted that within tbe
next ten days all will be in line. Tbe
report of toe Interflow with the Imperial Munitions was received and
satisfaction was expressed on the results obtained.
Bickerdlke Presents a Sensible Solution for Prevention of War.
Robert Bickerdlke, M. p., has
given notice of a resolution ln the
Commons at Ottawa that he will
move that the par off soldiers be increased from HOD to 92.60 a day,
and that the pay of officers be
raised ln proportion.
Initiations Galore, Election of Officers
and All-round Healthy Indications.
On Tueaday evening the International Association of Machinists held one
of the largest meetings of machinists
that has ever been held in this vicinity.
This was the first regular meeting of
Local No. 777, and it was indeed a
creditable one. 68 j new members were
initiated, 25 others were approved and
will be initiated ai the next regular
meeting on the 26th, and 18 more are
under consideration.
Permanent officers were elected and
installed, Mr. D. L, Gray, president of
Local No. 79, Seattle, who was visiting
in the city, conducting the election,
There was a keen competition for office,
there being from.three to ten candidates for each. The following were
the successful: President, F. Edney;
vice-president. S. Steel; recording secretary, W. Street; financial secretary,
W. Wareham; treasurer, B. Randall;
conductor, R. Forsyth; sentinel, T. Mcintosh; trusteees, J. N. Waine, J. Taylor and Wm. Carfrai, The local will
affiliate with the TradeB and Lnbor
and the Metal Trades councils.
Labor Representative Succeeds In
curing Satisfactory Settlement.
VICTORIA, June 12.—An eight-hour
instead of a ten-hour day, no further
importations of eastern labor and cooperation with the local labor unions in
securing labor, wob the arrangement nr-
rived at this afternoon and evening at
a conference between R. P. Butchnrt,
local head of the Imperial Munitions
board, which. iB supervising the building
of wooden ships on this coast for tho
Imperial government, and Representatives of labor, a deputation of which
came over from Vancouver to discuBs
the matter.
The deputation was composed of J,
H. McVety, presidont of Vnncouver
Trades and Labor council, Messrs. Midgley, Carmichael and Robison. The CO-
odd French-Canadians who have already
reached here bave been notified that
thev will either have to fall in with the
eight-hour system or return to thc east,
An assurance has further been given to
the labor representatives that local men
will hereafter be employed, the unionB
to give their aid in securing the necessary men in the event of any shortage
being experienced.
fbe misunderstood. The "riot gun"
and the defense plan is not for protection agalnBt tho Prussian or any other
foreign enemy of American capitalism.
It is for capitalist protection against
the oppressed and robbed victims of
capitalism, when the terribly intensified
economic conditions which must inevitably follow the present war shall bave
made life so infernally intolerable to
them, that in sheer desperation they
may be driven to strike, and perchance
threaten the plunder' thut their unscrupulous' and vulgar masters have so
mercilessly wrung from their torture
and misery. TheBe preparations for defence seem closely akin to those formerly made by the brutal'feudal lordB
who at one time ruled and robbed most
nobly and with great valor. And these
preparations to maim and kill Blaves
who have been driven by their Blavery
to revolt, can only be mndo under the
protection of government and with its
consent and approval. That is why
it becomeB absolutely imperative that
the workera tnust first seize the government and either use its powers on
their own behalf or bo spike its guns
that they can no longer be used against
them, bofore they can expect to obtain
relief from the terrible pressure that
is brought to bear upon them in the
industrinl shambles of this most glorious capitnliat civilization. That ia the
only way that the philosophy of direct
action can be intelligently applied to
the problem of deliverance from the
torture and hell of slavery. Let every
labor man soak that fact into his cranium and there will be leas time spent
In chasing the will 0' the wisp of "better condition" under wage slavery,
and more intelligent oction made possible along the line of effecting the
freedom of the tortured ond exploited
B. C, E. Railway Employeea
Quit Their Employment
Wednesday Morning
Not a Wheel Has Since
Turned Upon the Street
Cars of the City
THE CITY COUNCIL on Monday afternoon decided to put up to the
ratepayers of the city on June 20, a
plebiscite as to whetuer a two-platoon
system should be established ior the
city firemen. The aldermen decided to
restrict the voting on the subject to
property owners, which is barmy fair
to tne workingmen, inasmuch as proper
lire protection for their noutteuoiU effects means just as much to them as
does tue protection of toe house to tne
■mere are, however, a large number
of trudes unionists and workingmen
who are entitled to vote on property
owner's quantitations. The firemen
iisk ihe 1 euciutjouist to make a special
uppeui to ull eucfc, men and women, to
turn out in force next Wedneaday and
cast their ballot for the two-piatoou
system, ihis request ihe .Federation-
ist curries out Willi pleasure.
Every Workingman Should Vote.
The number of registered property-
owners iu tne city is over 24,uuu. At
polls on ijjiuws uem uuring me year,
no we ver, a poll of from 2UU-J to 3UUU is
11 large nuuioer. It will thus be Been
thui if every worKiuguau or hiB wife
makes a Bpeciul point ot getting to tne
pons ou June 2U uud voting tor tne proposal, it stands uu excellent cnauce of
passing, a, Watson, cauirmau of the
uremeu 's two-platoon committee, said
yesterday: "i believe it is up to the
workingman property owner, if he will
gut oui aud vote next Wednesday, tbe
measure will carry. And I don't be-,
lieve he will fail us."
The regietration of a worklngman's
vote in lull force on this question is
also considered desirable at thia time,
as it would show the strength of Labor
on u vote of property owners. There is
a popular supposition that any property
owuera' vote would record a verdict
uguinst a project which was for tbe advantage of Labor. The firemen question
this opinion, and, after going over the
voters' list, declare .that if the working-
sons of toll, the wage slaves of conl* men andthdSfi who Wre In sympathy
tal, who sweat, bleed and die, for the with him, turn out at the polls, it will
glory and earthly   nggrnndizoment   of be found thnt they are in the majority.
brutal masters and rulers nnd tho upkeep of the disgustingly noxious vermin
that Bwarma ubout them ns apostles,
apologists and  defenders.,.
Officials To Meet Next Weew in Both
Vancouver and Seattle.
On Saturday flrat a conference of
Machinists from Vancouver, Victoria
nnd New Westminster will be held in
the Labor Temple, to discuss conditions, and drnw u'p plans for the future. Instructions will be given to representatives who are likely to go to
Seattle on the 23rd to attend n meeting of District No. 26. The question
of continuing affiliation with the District will be considered, nnd it is just
probable that a new district mny bo organized composed of locnls on the Canadian coast.
O. R. Gordon Let Out to Make Room for
Mr. Stewart of Revelstoke.
On some pretext or other, it is becoming evident tbnt the Brewster government intends to nt least temporally
throw ita much-herulded policy of "No
Patronage" into thc discard. And who
is more candid about it thnn the
doughty "Honest" John Oliver? Civil
scrvnnts nre being dismissed by the
nil  over the  province, to  make
Will Probably Have to Resort to Strike
to Secure Demands,
A special meeting of the miners of
the Cobalt district, Ont., held Tuesday,
accomplished nothing of a concrete nature in connection with tbo demands for ... .-■-.-
increased wages and threatened strikes, land could be understood were it not fOr moaris that every mombor of th
The coming poll affords an opportunity
for a test of strength.
Labor Should Give Hearty Support.
As to the support of the two-platoon
system by the workingmen, thero will
be but little question. The city firemen
now work 21 hours per day for six dnys
of each week. They are on continuous
duty fyr the full six days with the exception of three hourly periods daily
nllowed off for meals. Such hours are
unheard of in nny other pursuit of life,
nnd no workingman can possibly support them. No workingman engnged in
ordinary lines works,such hours. The
firemen ask their follows in the field
uf labor to get out and work for them
so as to secure proper hours for the
fire department,
It is certnin that the fire department
will be more efficient under the two-
platoon system. The men, inatead of
being " on edge" because of the constant strain of long hours on continuous
duty, will bc able to do better work
because of the daily rest. As far as
tho married men on the force are concerned, the present condition workB
hardships which should not be countenanced in any community. In some cases
these men see their families only once
a week. Under the proposed Bystem,
every man would have either his ten
hours a day off or 14 houra nt night to
spend at home.
Increased Oost Very Blight.
The efficiency of the fire department
will certainly be increased by the two-
platoon system.    It  mentis that evory
room for "efficient" officials, i. e., job-
seekers of thc Liberal persuasion.  This'Ire hull shull be adequately manned at
ia tho prerogative of any government, .all  times.    When   large  fires  occur it
-'   • ■        ■■   ■     f0rco
Believing thnt possibly all steps toward the pre-election pledges made prior to [ would be available as ono of thc rules
on amicable settlement .have   not  yet  " '   ' :    "'   '       '   "
been exhausted, the union officials huve
decided to leave the matter in abeyance
for another week.   An attempt will be
made to gain  a  conference   with   the
operators in the meantime.
will be kept cloudy confidential hy us.
Yourn respect fully,
The Plain Patt.
The meaning of tho above can not'[*f '" I'llbor clrclee, .and not known to
SUNDAY, Juno 17.— *
MONDAY, .Tune 18.—Iron Work-
lira, Electrical WorkerB, Boiler-
mnkers, Tailors' Executive.
TUESDAY, Juno 1(1.—Amnlgnm*
nti'cl Cnrponters, Bookbinder*),
Retail Clorks, Railway Firemen,
WEDNESDAY, June 20.—Fosterers, Metal Trades council,
Warehousemen and Freight*
handlers, Brewery Workera.
THURSDAY, June il.—Trades
tad Labor council, Steam En*
gineers, Painters, Maintenance
of Weymen, Plumbers.
FRIDAY, June 22.—Pile Drivers  and  Wooden  Bridgebuild*
.ers, Shipyard Laborers.
SATURDAY, June 23.-
the general election. ' ' j it* that eaoh  fireman must maitita
One of the latest to "go" in the \ telephone in his homo for cnll in such
minister of works (Dr. King's) depart* j emergencies. The measure also means
meat, is O; It. Gordon, for the past ,that the (Ire lighting force will bo com*
eight years factory iaspector, with posod of trained mea. As conditions
headquarters at tho court house, Vnn-! now Btand, the 21-h<l.ir per duy working
couver. He haa been pereaiptoriiy j rule is driving the experienced men out
"canned," and-the election manager for of the deportment rapidly. Thc oppor*
Mr. Sutherland, the member for tioyol- [tunltlos for work under decent working
stoke, appointed to tho position. Ilia conditions nro saeh as make it probable
name is li. J. Wen-art, a man unheard |that, if thc two-plntoon project is turn*
d down, practically tho entire force
have any of the pnriiculur qualifications ; "ill be new mea. Such a condition of
necessary for the position.. affairs Is not tho city's best interests.
Mr. Gordon was aa nctive member ofl As to the additional cost of the profile local Machinists' anion nt the time:posed system, thc firemen hove figured
of his appointment. He wiis the nomioec .this down to a basis whicli shows that
of thot union, and his appointment was it is very slight, ond not worthy of con-
asked for by Vancouver Trades and isideratjon when the right of thc firemen
Labor council. The Railway Brother*! to ordinary human treatment and the
hoods, too, endorsed Mr. Gordon at the point of greater etllcieacy is considered,
timo of his appointment. While ia of* For the latter half of the present yenr,
flee, Mr. Gordon wns elected second,the cost would be covered by nn in*
vice-president of the Association of crease of 25 cents per *100(l of assessed
Government Labor Officials of thc valuation while, for the entire yenr of
United States and Cnnndn. 11918,  tbe  ndvnncc  would  be  only fill
,     „..    .       , ... _     ,. j    la asking workingmen property own*
An Evidence of Prosperity. !or8 ,„ m^oH m*m> J th> ,,„„„_
Win. Dick, a. live wire of the clothing the firemen point out that they are no*
business in Vnncouver, of the firm of lively connected with tho Trndes und
Wm. Dick, Ltd., has managed to brook Labor council, nad hnvo the right to ex*
into the ranks of the plules this week, pect Ihnt tlieir cn'jse be supported nl
He is conflncil to the General hospital,
where he underwent a successful operation for oppendicitis.
Sewer Board To Pay 13 Wage.
,    At last  meeting of thc Vancouver
ond District Joint Sewerage and Drain* i man.
the polls to thc limit.
age Boord, a genoral increase of 20
cents per day was granted to the ditch,
concrete and tunnel men, some 10 men
being affected. The increases will tnko
effect from Juno 1. The minimum
wnge now paid is *.l Instead of $2,80.
This nctioo wus token fallawing similnr action by the city council.
Steam Engineers, Local 620.
Every member of  thi!i locnl  should
mnke  it  his business to  be in  attendance nt meetings.    Don't bc a card
Bo a live union man, nad help
to better your own condition. Don't
be a "slacker," und wuit for the other
fellow to do it for you, or it mny never
be dono. Meetings held every Thins
day, 7:3(1 p.m. Nomination and election of ollicers will bc held this month.
Nominations 14th inst.; elections, 28th
<ijr\H! What a grand and glorloU
V*/ feeling" to own a Ford! None
other, oan appreciate the beautitude*
bf the Tin-o-limol "Little" ia bell*
of the town and reigns triumphantly.
It all came about in tbis way: Dating
back to 1913, the" first time the local
members of Division No. 101, Street!
Railway Employees' Association, ana
the B. C. E. R. management sought
the provisions of the federal Industrial
Disputes Act, a number of things hav*:
been accumulating in the systems of
both parties. Of Tate this feeling, mutual, too, by the way, baa beea accentuated by war-time condition, arising
out of caimes that need not be labored
here, but which the government eould'
well have adjusted if it had so determined. With the prices of foodstuffs
soaring to the skies and no government oction to curb speculators and
profiteers, the Street Railwaymen, in,
common with all other classes of organized and unorganized labor, decided
that the limit had been reached and
that something of a very definite nature
had to be done to meet the requirements of the situation.
Offer o—\ Counter-Offtr.
As already reported in The Federationist, representatives of the: coaat tri-
city Divisions met the B. C. E. R. officials on several occasions during the
pnst taonth. The employees asked for
a "War Bonus" of approximately ilve'
oenta per hour. The company made a
counter offer of IS, 10 and S per eent.
increase. The men, by referendum-
vote, refused the offer by an overwhelming majority.
At a midnight mass-meeting on Tueeday night themen decided to quit work,
without any further ceremony. The tie-
up was complete. It produced silence ia
the early morning hours of Wednetday
and Bince then everything on wheola
has been brought into commission for
the conveyance of pedestrians.
Early this morning the situation WM
unchanged! Neither .idsappears t* have
t)t&t a move towards a eolation of a
problem that must be met, whether
it bo today or tomorrow.
Numerous are the rumors, suggestion!
and offers of free advice.
So far the daily press hus been
eminently fair in its attitude towards
the strikers, a rather refreshing change
from that experienced during the recent metal trades workers' strike. The
bigness and thoroughness of tbe strike,
with more than a thousand men involved directly, and every man, woman
and child indirectly, makes it almost
imperative that the "news" be recorded from edition to edition.
Emphatically Deny "Conspiracy."
From perusal of daily press reporte,
the impression might be conveyed to
tbe public that there was somo collusion
between the company and the men
with the object of developing a situation which would bring about the practical elimination of the jitneys," said
a member of the striking employees'
press committee late latt night. "Tha
officers of the union wish to deny moat
emphatically that there is any basis for
such an impression, and we would reiterate that the question with us is solely
one of obtaining an adepuate wage for
our work."
/ "Wc note, too, that General Manager Kidd has stated that ihe company
has no intention of nutting strikebreakers on the cars or of attempting
to operate thtm.
"In View of this statement a, strike
of light and power men would appear
unlikely, although it is understood that
considerable dissatisfaction exists in
somo departments controlled by tho Electrical Workers, who are in close touch
with the situation nnd hnve been following closely all stages of tho negotiations which led up to the present situation."
A Little Retrospective.
Tho Federationist does not know of
nny traction company that has got on
bettor with its employees thon the B.
C. Electric Hailwuy compnay of this
city. Thc existence of this tramway
system Is practically parallel with that
of Vancouver. Mayor David Oppon*
jhelmcr, J. W. Home, ex-M.P.l',, Bon
Douglas, James Orr, ex-M.P.P., ex-Aid.
Thus. Dunn, ex-Mayor MncLean, ox-
Mayor Garden, F. Carter Cotton, ox-
M.l'.l'., and others ns far bnck as 1887
fortacd a company to build n street enr
railway in thc aew town. Mayor Oppenheimer, thc far-seeing mnn that bo
was, became the chief protaoter of tho
proposed line. Thoy secured a franchise from thc city ofter being incorporated as a limited liability compony,
nod thc first rails were laid early in
1880. Thc routo was along Westminster
avenue (now Main street), from Firat
street, Mount Pleasant, to Powell, to
Cnrrull, to Cordova, to Cambie, to Hastings, to Grnnville, to Yale town,
(Drake street). Thc intentions of tho
compnay were to hnve horses to draw
tho cars, but ia tho meantime David
Oppoahclmer made a trip to Eastern
cities—Chicago, New York, etc., nnd returned. When he wns nwoy he called
at Duluth ond thore saw a renl electric
rnilway. Of course he waa not slow to
grasp the situation, and laid beforo his
associates the now idea of adopting el-
ectrlcity as tho motive power. The
now company bod built splendid stables on Westminster avenue, just over
the Falso Creek bridge. The argument
was on ot a mooting of the, directors
whether thoy should b.iy an extrn mule
to draw the street car up tbo hill
iwhloh by the wny has boen cut down
to o minimum grade since) or not, when
Mr, Oppenheimer sprung the idea of
electrifying the railroad. Then and
Continued on page 8 PAGE TWO
.Juno 15, 1917
Assets ....
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- I
To numbers ot tar anion In Canada t
tpeeltl rate tor Th. Fedentlonlit ot |1
par y.tr—If t olub ot 10 or mor. Is sent
j, PHILLIPS t 00., Ag.aU
Phone MU Mil Hamilton
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
reder»tlonlst, -*-"-*■
ordor to safeguard it, and whore such
convincing and sane arguments aro
openly endorsed and approved of by
the govornment and all kindred
agencies of ruling class morality, spirituality, and ethical excellence. Tllftt
thia westorn world is tho truo champion and invincible tribune of liberty
and democracy, and especially qualified
and equipped to carry the blessings
theroof to the tortured and harried
victimB of military brutality and autocratic rapicity in lands afur off,
zed bv each
, Limited
B7 Farm.' Pettipiece... .Manager
Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymoar 7495
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City. $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00.
New Westmlneter W. Tates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268 amply verified and emohasi
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1588 . ••■,.;,, ,        (
recurring   incident   of   thc   character
above mentioned. It is to lie hoped
that our ' ''statesmen," politicians,
spell-binders, parsons and editorial pun
dita will curtail .their verbosity on bo-
FRIDAY June 15, 1917 half of "democracy and liberty," lost
—■—«—«_«=«—=*=============-. shallow pates and captious critics bo-
IT HAS BJ1EN SAID that "straws come imbued with the iden that "they
show which way tho wind blow- do protest ,too much."   Actions spoak
eth."   Thoro are many indications louder than wordB, anyhow.   No matter
along the social horizon just now that what may be noisily proclaimed from
show quito conclusively that the whirl- tho housetops or in tho market place,
wind of paBsion and blind prejudice is that which is done, either by direct and
daily     gaining      in open odict of usurped authority, or with
the front, the mastors are basy at tbe
rear atill more securely rivetting tbe
shackles for tho future. Speaking of
sacrifice, there is none. But there is
slavery and there can bo no peace on
earth while that infamy remains to
curse it.
'Unity of Labor: tbe Hope of tbe World"
WHIOH WAY     strength    and    fury
THE and   threatening   to
WIND BLOWS sweep the last vestige of democracy
and liberty into the discard of forgotten things. That this veritable tempest of insane fury, that is called into
activity at the mere mention of peace
or tho manifestation of tho slightest
disposition towards the exercise of reason and calm judgment in dealing with
the terrible destruction and blood debauch that is wrecking civilization and
turning its professed Christianity into
a ghastly farce, is the though perhaps
unconscious expression of all that is
vile, poisonous and deadly to social
progress and social decency, is beyond
dispute. That it is in the nature of a
denial and repudiation of all principles
and precepts of democracy and liberty,
is equally true. That it can go on ana
doos go on, not only without interference, but with the- tacit consent and
approval of all governmental authority,
and greatly to the delight of the ruling
class press, pulpit and platform, throws
a valuable light upon the brand of
"democracy and liberty" that our
precious rulers and their hirelings so
loudly prate about.
*      •      *
The deliberate breaking-up of public
meetings, no matter what purpose thoy
might be called for, is not a very con-
vincing manner of demonstrating loyalty and fidelity to the cause of domocracy and liberty. A public meeting
could not very well pull off any secret
work and, therefore, could in no manner endanger any cause that was
worthy of the allegiance and support
of clean-thinking and well-meaning
people. When such affairs are pulled
off by irresponsible hoodlums, acting
solely upon their own initiative and
for a purpose that does not meet witb
the approval of the governing authorities, they will be promptly ond energetically doalt with, but when they can be
deliberately pulled off by soldiers and
soldiers'wives, without calling forth the
intervention of authorityorgiving shock
to bur moral and spiritual guardians
and calling forth their emphatic protest, there exists a social atmosphere
so surcharged with the deadly fumos
of the poison gas of reaction and tyranny as to absolutely preclude the possible survival of any democracy and
any liberty.
'  #      *      *
The soul bf every British lover of
justice and devotee at the shrine of
democracy, liberty and "British fair*
play," must have been made "mightily
content," as Pepys would have said,
upon reading the joyous account in the
daily press of last Saturday of how
some 200 returned soldiers" invaded
the meeting of the London, Ont.,
Trades and Labor Council and forced
the adoption of a resolution endorsing
the ruling class scheme of conscription
in Canada. The cause of "democracy
and liberty" is assuredly safe in any
land where such heroic and eminently
reasonable   methods   are   adopted   in
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up ♦ 12,911,000
Beserve Fnuds    14,324,000
Total Assets  287,000,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
an west ef Winnipeg.
Open n account and make deposit! regularly—say, every payday,
terest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal.
0. 8. HARRISON, Mauagor,
Oranvllle and Fender
Don't stow away your spare
cash In nny old eorner where it ir
in danger from burglars or Are.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
oflVrs you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
bunking service, whether your ac-
do mil is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings de-
G. N. BTAOET, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
its tacit consent and approval, and
which is commended nnd glorified by
the apologists, sycophants and other
pie-counter retainers thereof, affords
unmistakoable measure of the virtue of
our boasted "domocracy and liborty,"
and how much of hypocrisy nnd deceit
lurks behind the utterances and pretensions of their noisiest defenders and
self-appointed 'Hsciples and boosters
Tho "test of the pudding lies in the
eating thereof," and not in the apparently greedy chewing of the string of
the pudding bag. Our "democracy and
liberty" iB being exemplified daily and
in such a manner as to admit of no
misunderstanding of its renl merit. It
is, therefore, no longer necessary to
raucously blow tho trumpet of hypocrisy nnd deceit nbout it. It speaks most
eloquently for itself. And what moro
do you want?
1 HEBE IS a veritable flood of talk
during those days of most glorious war, about sacrifice. Upon
one hand wo learn that tho workors
sacrifice life and limb and men of proporty sacrifice their woalth. Upon another our oarB aro ro
SPEAKING galed with most voci-
ABOUT ferous    lamentations
SACKiriCE from somo poor slave
who fancies himself
aggrieved becauso ho is called, forsooth,
to give up Mb life for his "country
while he who really owns tho "country" not only goes scot freo, but rakes
in more prodigious profits than he waB
ever enabled to do in times of peace.
Tho real fact of tho case is that thero
are no sacrifices atntchod to the prosecution of war. It is just morely a matter
of slaves being set by their mastors to
killing each other off, just the same as
they aro set to other and less bloody
tasks during so-called times of peace.
The misery that is experienced by the
slaves during tho dolightful butchery
appears unreasonable and of undue
magnitude, merely because it is the
volume of such experience that would,
during peace times, be spread over a
greator period, condensed within such
a short one that it becomes so visible
to the weak mentality of the human
conundrum that it appears magnified
far beyond its renl importance ns a
passing evont in human experience.
* * *
There was nover a war yet fought
that did uot have its roots in human
slavery. Wars woro nevor fought with
any other ammunition except slaves
and their products. And slaves nro
tortured and slaughtered in times of
peace, as well as in times of war, only
the latter case the torturing nnd
slaughtering is carried on at a greater
speed and tho slave is much more
quickly put out of his miBory. As between the life torture and slow death
of the slave by way of the exploitation
route of peace, or the swift realization
of his life mission by the bloody path
of war, the odds would appear to be
rather in favor of the latter as being
the more merciful. And though tho
slaves upon the actual battlefield are
almost certain to moot death, even tho
thunder of cannon and the crash of
shot and shell is not bo morally disgusting, mentally stupefying and soul-
deadening as the patriotic piffle, religious cant, and hypocritical glorification, that is poured out in such full
measure upon tho slaves that are left
at home, in ordor that the holocaust
of death and hell may bc justified to
tho trembling wretches thnt expect momentarily to bo fed into itB fiery furnace.
+      *      *
Tbe sacrifice of liborty upon the altar
of class rulo and robbery, is the only
sacrifice thnt has ever yet been made.
And that is a sacrificial offering that
has been madc(by the brjte force of
human lust for plundor. Tho victims
havo not volunteered the offering. Ever
sinco civilization was born, human
slavery, either in one form or another,
has cursed tho earth and mnde lifo
upon it a living hell for (he producers
of wealth und a satisfying vulgnr
henven for the rulers, thc robbers and
thoir disgusting retinue of panders and
apologists. Vulgnr nnd immeasurable
wealth upon ono hand and equally vulgar nnd debasing poverty upon the
nt her, could be conjured forth from no
other basis than that of human slavery
nnd liiimnn robbery. That sublime and
rivilized spectacle of human butchery
upon a world scale that is now edifying the pooplo of nil the enrth, could
not be staged from any other premises
The roar of cannon, the shriek of shells,
the bursting shrapnel, tho bayonet
thrust, the moans of wounded and the
ironiis nf dying men, proclnim to
nil thc earth thnt fllavory is with us in
full flower and fruitage. And while
this merry dance of death gws on nt
THERE ABE a number of weekly
papers published in Vancouver
and vicinity. Not the least
weakly of the lot is presided over by
an editorial light whoso name is Oeorge
M. Murray. His weakly Bheet is known
as Tho Standard. In
recent issue "Georgt
indulged in a column
and a half of splenetic
diatribe levelled at the
wicked and seditious people of the eity
who had the temerity to hold an anti-
conscription meeting in the Labor
Temple not long sinco. "George" indulged in the usual stock nrgument, in
fact, tbe only argument possible in
support of the inoculation of a democratically tainted peoplo with the virus
of Prussian "kultur." The meoting
was held by "pro-Gormans," "crip-
plod soldiers woro hooted and jeered
at." "Hundreds of men ... expressed
their willingness to live undor German
rule," and a lot moro of such deliberately untruthful and nonsensical rubbish. It happons that "George" is a
fine physical specimen and of military
ago. But in spite of his zoal in trying to force others to go to the trenches
hia auricular apparatus haB not yet acknowledged or detected tho "call of
King and country." It lookB rather
peculiar, if indeed it be not a positively
suspicious circumstance, upon tho part
of the physical makings of a military
hero and one that is, by his own confession, not lacking in the quality of
courage, to remain safely at home a
thousand miles from all danger and
fretfully and oven violently arraign
others for their cowardice and lack of
loyalty and patriotiom, by calling them
"slackers" and "pro-Germans." Aftor
lambasting the "cowards, slackers and
pro-Gormans" plentifully, the aforesaid
oditorial genius wound up tho screed in
question by asserting that selfishness
was the mainspring of action with the
nnti-conscriptionist. "Let George do
it," said our scribo, with thunderous
finality. This waB an unlucky windup
for such a powerful editorial effort,
however. One of the speakers at the
big Avenuo theatre meeting on Monday night last week, took occasion to
mako reference to loud-mouthed advocates of enforced military sorvico for
others, whilo they carefully refrained
from offering thoir eminently valuable
lives and services to thoir country in
tho hour of need. This speaker referred to an editor of a weakly weekly
who was afflicted with that peculiar
brand of patriotic fervor, and suggested that such persons would far more
effectively prove their bona fidos aa
patriots and affirm their own courage,
by volunteering for service at the front
instead of remaining at a safe distance
therefrom lustily bawling othors out as
'' Blockers," " shirkers " and. " pro-
Germans." Tho speaker referred to,
however, mentioned no names. He loft
it to "George" to do it. And
"George" did it. In the very noxt
issue of tho weakly Standard
"George" did it and did it well. He
soys, that "Mr. Kingsloy'says that the
editor of the Standard is fit and able
and should go to tho defense of his
country." And "what, right has the
Socialist gentleman, Mr. Kingsley, to
tell tho editor of tho Standard that
the editorial pen should bo placed aside
and thc sword bo grasped!" ho indignantly demands. And yet Mr. Kings-
ley never mentioned either the Standard or its nble editor. Mr. Kingsley
merely stated that a certain weakly,
with an editorial attachment did exist,
and in his opinion that editorial attachment would more completely
avouch both his patriotism and courago
by offering hia services to his King
and country, than by hanging around
home out of tho reach of all danger
and vehemently demanding that tho
military lash bo forcibly and convincingly laid upon tho backs of others,
whom he virtually terms cowards. Mr,
Kingsley evidontly had some knowledge
of capitalist editorial dynamics. He
evidently know which wny the weakly
editorial cat would jump. He had faith
in "George." He knew that "George
would do it and do it as it should be
done. So he "lot George do it.'
Georgo rose right up in the meeting,
as it were, took tho cap thnt so nicely
fit him, put it on and pulled it snugly
down over his ears. Having so done in
open acknowledgement of tho correctness of Mr. Kingsley's size-up of him
and his cult, he is now at complete
liberty to seize more firmly the editorial pen and return to his vomit, like
unto the canine so aptly used in biblical
reference to point a moral and adorn
a talo. "Let Georgo do it" is
longer to be construed as a joke. It is
tho vory essenco of concrete wisdom,
and an especially safe rule to follow
when dealing with capitalist oditorial
culves whom fate hath decreed shall
hang thomselves.
Public. It will not be necessary. The
tribunals will attend to the job, and it
is a safe bet that the place will not be
much, if any, above 6x9. The Publie
should not forget that we are iighting
so that'' democracy ana liberty'' shall
prevail throughout the earth. That iB
why the people will be relieved bf the
trouble of deciding anything. Our new
Prussian "kultur" will unselfishly asthma the task.
conditions of slavery, the tyranny of
the "master classes" will remain unbroken and the sorry slaves will still
drag their chains, and dolefully weep
and howl. But that is all there will be
to it. By all that is good and holy,
keep your labor movement "safe and
sane." Just as it is at present. Beware of all radicals and radical
. The army private who gets all hiB expenses paid, and $15 per month in real
money, is just about $15 per month better off than tbe average man out of the
army. — NaBhville Southern Lumberman.
This probably accounts for the wavo
of patriotism that is sweeping the
workors of the United States so completely off their feet. It certainly affords ample reason why they should enlist and duite clearly shows what they
have to fight for.
The old Liborty Bell at Philadelphia
which proclaimed tho birth of- the
American republic 141 years ago, is
once more to bo brought into the "liberty" limelight. It is to be rung during the closing hours of the "liberty
Joan" subscription period, which onds
on Thursday noxt, in order to patriotically enthuso tho small investor to the
point of coming through with his cash
for a "bond." Is thore something suggestive in thc fact that the bell is
cracked I Ia tho nation ulso cracked f
Or does it mean that the small investor
is to bo cracked? <
The spectacle of an American army
landing in Frnnce to assist "in making
the world safe for domocracy," after
the complete destruction of domocracy
in the United Stntes, should be well
calculated to be an impressive one to
overy French domocrat, if there be
An esteemed exchange avers thnt
("democracies mny safely surrender in
timo of extremity all but two rights;
the right to vote; and tho right to d.s-
euss how to vote." The Federationist
begs to aver that thoro is but ono thing
that democracies mny safely surrender,
either in time of extremity or other-
wine, and thut ono thing is NOTHING.
"Tho American people must soon decide how lure*1 a plnco will bc made for
the eonscionlious objector," says The
The scare-head caption to a New
York nows dispatch in tho dear old
News-Ad. of this city reads: "British Subjects Hounded Up." The dispatch, howovor, carries no reference
whatever to any round up of cattle,
pigs, sheep, horses or mules. It only
mentions "free British subjects" of
the presumably human sort, who at the
time of the "round up" were sojourning in the "land of the free and the
homo of tho bravo," with the accent on
the '' free." " Round up'' is good. It
is, perhaps, the most suggestive term
that could be used to express the quality of freodom enjoyed by "subjects"
in general, as well as cattle upon tho
Champ Clark, tho speaker of the
house of representatives, at Washington, D.C, is opposed to conscription.
When tho bill calculated to wipe out
the last vestige of democracy in tho
United States was under discussion in
the house, Clark recoivod the following
wire from a solf-nppointed delegation
composed of thirty-seven "patriotic"
citizens of Pike County, Mo., in which
his home Ib located:
"Wo bolieve failure to pasB universal servico bill at onco will bo a notional calamity. Volunteer system unfair, unjust, and will fail."
To this Champ replied:
"Tell all who signed telegram thnt
recruiting offices for both army nnd
navy voluntoefs aro now open nt Jefferson barracks, St. Louis, and nono
of you will havo any trouble getting
into the service."
All of which is respectfully submitted for the careful consideration of
those mouth-patriots who nro putting
up such an overwhelming domand for
conscription hero in Canada. If thoy
were half as patriotic nt heart as they
are at mouth, conscription would not
be necessary.
Aspiring Poet—Wo acknowledge receipt of your poetical effort and hnve
gone ovor mBs. very carefully. Tho
construction is good. The sentiment expressed is lofty and inspiring. It has a
rythm and swing that is quite intoxicating. But the title, man, tho title. Who
ever heard of anything like this: "On
Seeing a Young Lady Writing Verses
with a Hole in Her Stocking." Do you
mean to infer that you really saw n
"young lady writing vorses with a hole
in her stocking," and thut you drew
your inspiration from thut! It is unthinkable. A young lady might write
verses with a pencil. She might writo
them witb pen and ink or with n typewriter. But most assuredly she could
not "write verses with a holo in her
stocking." It would be quito absurd
to expect it. In fact we nro inclined to
believo it an impossibility. Without
any desire to be harsh in judgment
upon you, we feel that you drew your
inspirntion from the spout of a teapot
in some Vancouver hotel, after tho hour
of 10 p.m.,,and probably-what you saw
the young lady do(ing'"with a hole in
her stocking" was 'something entirely
different from "writing verses." Sho
might have beon one of the mayor's
stool pigeons, and the'hole in her stocking, part of her disguise. Your mss.
is herewith returned.
The Appeal to Beason saya, editorially: "The people of Germany ore
suffering under the yoke of Prussian
militarism worso than wo are. Thoy
want liborty and a republic. THEY
"they are ready to rebel," why don't
they go to it! If "they want liberty
and a republic," what is to hinder
thom from getting them! It rather
looks to us as though tbey do not
want either liberty or a republic, and
that rebellion ia about the last thing to
be expected of them. At any rate at
any time they get ready to go to it they
are at perfect liborty to do so without
awaiting permission from this office.
The Appeal's editor travels under the
cognomen of ,Kopolin, which in itself
carrios a sort of German suggestive-
ness. Possibly that nccpunts for his
vory apt size.up of the "German people." What they "want" they evidently can nevor attain, and what they
nro "ready" to do they can never
carry out, without permission of tho
kaisor and by official ordor. They ore
very orderly and obedient, nro the German people. They nre indeed a most
remarkable people, especially in servilo
obedience to authority. In that thoy
probably excel all other people of the
The poor old News-Advertiser of this
city, and it is indeed poor in every
conceivable way, is greatly wrought up
because some "soldiors and soldiers'
wives" were denied admisBion to the
Avenue Theatre upon tho occasion of
the public meeting being held by the
local organization of the Socialist
Party of Canada, for the purpose of setting forth the reason why that organization is opposed to the infliction of
the military system of Prussia upon
tho people of this Dominion. We hnve
never heard of the members of nny Socialist or Labor organization, either in
Vancouver or elsewhere, ovor having
become so lost to all sense of common
decency as to rofuso to comport themselves in strict conformity with the accepted and customary code of behaviour at any public meeting they
may have attended. They havo nover,
ot least to our knowledge, deliberately
atempted to disturb and break up the
meetings of others. They have not yet
sunk to the lovel of hoodlumism that is
required for the prosecution of such
tactics against those with whom they
might perchance differ in regard to
questions of public import. Tho cause
of socialism and of labor, which is in
reality onc, does not havo to depond
upon that sort of argumont for justification and support. If any socialists
or labor mon or women so far forget
thoir manhood and womanhood ns to
attempt to disturb or break up any
public mooting, no mattor for what purpose it may bo held, tbe Federationist
fervently hopes thnt they will bo forthwith and peremptorily ejected and that
it will be dono in such a manner ns to
preclude any complaints of n too tender
solicitude for tho corporeal well-being
of auch hoodluma. No socinlist or labor
public meeting hns over yet been closed
to oitherfmen"or women, no matter
whether garbed in military uniform or
otherwise. But when it comes down to
drunks and hoodlums it becomes just ns
much n matter of refusing them admittance to the presenco of decent people
and the opportunity to disturb them in
tho purpose for which they may have
gathered, as would bo the case were
theso drunks and hoodlums to make the
same attempt against a church service
or a meeting of parliament^ If the
poor old News-Advertiser cnn find no
moro worthy cause to champion that of
tho right of ill-behaved persons to uti-
lizo their special talentB for the purpose of creating a stench in the nostrils
of common decency, it may ot lenBt be
assuord it has found a cause well
worthy of its steel.
Vietoria, June 11.—The B. C. Canners' association has approached the
city council to make an effort to put
down gambling among the Chinese. The
canners claim that the habit has bo
grown upon the Chinese laborers thot
almost invariably they squander advance wages paid to them and then disappear to avoid accounting for ' the
money. There is a great demand for
Chinese labor from other industries and
the canners expect to find difficulty in
obtaining enough men for the canneries
this season.—Daily press.
Most any one should be able to grasp
the significance of the above pen picture of "national Bervice" from the
viewpoint of the patriotic and loyal
"canners" of British Columbia. Tho
canners themselves will have good
grounds for exemption from Borden's
conscription scheme, upon the grounds
that they are performing a greater service to the empire/ by skinning
"chinks" than by serving in the
trenches. There being no other way to
supply the "great demand for Chinese
labor," than by importing more of it,
that will undoubtedly, follow in due
course. From this both volunteer and
conscript soldiors may take a tip as to
what they are really fighting for, and to
what thoy may loyally and joyously return should they be so fortunate as to
escape death in the trenches.
"How long will this tyranny of tho
master classes be tolerated! How long
is government to be used as' an instrumentality through which to exercise
this tyranny!" Those queries are put-
by the Brothorhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen'a Mngazine. Thev
aro easily answered. Government will
be thus used aB long as it remains to
curse.the footstool by holding tbe slaves
of civilization in subjection to the rnpo-
city and 'brjntality of, their masters.
Government never had any other purpose, nor could it have any other. It
never was anything''61 so. than the superlative expression of tyranny. .The
.supreme and last court of reaort of the
masters o'f slavos of all times. It will
be tolerated just os long ns the* labor
movement of the world does not nnd
ennnot rise .nbove the vulgar mediocrity of cheap whining after palliative
plasters to relievo tho sores and Saddle
galls that rulers inflict on slaves. So
long ns thnt labor movement hns no
vision beyond that of wages and-wage
Oome and have a good time, perhapi
take home a side of bacon,
Hastings Street, near Abbott
Uuqnall<d Vindtrllli Mains
«:«. T.OO, CIS     Stwot'i men:
MttltM, 18c; Swnltii, lte, IBc
Colonial   Theatre
Programme changed every Monday and Thuraday.
Mott up-to-date photo- play
Bey. 3120      538 Hastings St. W.
Sh tl tnd mt. money.
The Jsrvii Electric, Co., Ltd.
570 Blcharda atreet
Hemstitching, button, covered, eetl*
loppfnfr, button boles, pinking, .pong
ing anil .hrlnking. lettering, picot edging, plotting, niching, embroidery,
699 Oranvllle St. 1319 DoutlM St
Phene Sey   31H1 Pllone 1160
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
41 Hastings Btreet West
Oet busy tnd htve yonr old blcyole
mtde like new. We will entmel tnd
ffltke yoor wheal look like new from
19.50 np.   All kind. o( reptlr. tt
S1S-51S How. HiiUnii 411
Poultry Wanted
Phont Seymour 1097
 010 Oranvllle St.
Pbone Sey. 5183  1290 Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
Hotel Canada
518 Bichards Street
(Near Lahor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
260 rooms, 100 with private baths
Phone Seymonr 8880
Vancouver's newest and most
oomplete Hotel
European Plan 81.00 per Day Up
New electric auto bus meets all
boats and trains free
Oor. Dunsmuir and Bichards Sts.
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln the homt of every
Fair. 2624
W. R. i OWEN
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair, itl
Bacon, sliced, per lb 30c
Ayrshire Bncon 30c and 36c
18 lbs. B. C. Sugar $1.66
Slater's Tea, lb 30c
Slater's Coffee, Ib 25c
Apex Jam, 4-lb. tins  46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 25c
Evaporated Milk  10c
Jello, 3 for 25c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
Delivery to All Farts
131 Hastings Bt East   Ssy. 3262
830 Granville Bt.     Sey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
<bt* * IvBCiq.0
The above slogan is literally
correct, We never put the name
LECKIE on a shoe without flrnt
knowing that the workmanship—
and tho quality of the materials
—are the very best it is possible
to procure.
This applies to tho city mini's
Shoos us well as the heavy-service Boots for the logger, minor,
rancher and others, who do heavy
work out o' doors.- If you want
wear, style and comfotr insist on
S H 0 E S
Look for tho name en every pair
'EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 24
(Za Vttettver )
mty, 12.00   J
$1.50 PER YEAR
Your Summer Suit
$27.50 to $42.00
Our Suits built with studied
care, to stand the strain of
work or the romp of a Summer outing.
When you wear our Suits, whioh are
made ONLY by expert UNION TAILORS, you are certain of the best in quality and the best in looks. Almost an unlimited variety of patterns and coloring
to choose from.
Established 1910. UNION BBOF.   ' Next Old Pantages
Will Reduce the
High Cost of Living
195   IH^-III^
South Wellington Coal
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.i tit View Street.  Phone, 1269.  Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Boad,   Phone 219,
HAMMOND, B. 0.1 Greenhouses aad Nursery on 0. P. B.   Phone Hammond 17,
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plant*, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store aad Begistered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
43 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988-672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 Granville Street.    Phone Seymour 9613
The Sign USE
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
If lt lt not call np the
Beaconsfield Hygienic Dairy
or drop a card to our offloo, 906 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
Established 1891
Fire Insurance, Aooident Insurance, Estates
827 Ssjrmou St,
Phone Seymonr 153
Official Statement Covering
War Problems Issued
By Congress
Important trade Union Con*
f erence at the Capital
Points the Way
In response to an invitation extended
to eighty international tradea unionfl,
including the railroad brotherhoods and
the Federation of Letter Carriers of
Canada, by the executive council of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
a conference of Canadian representatives wbb held in the oity of Ottawa
from June 1 to June 4 inclusive. The
purpose of the conference Ib set forth
in the following official circular:
Dear Sir and Brother: Since the outbreak of the war, problems have arisen
in Canada that are pressing for solution. Soma of these problems have
given the executive couneil of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
serious consideration.
The conditions under which work is
being executed for the British Government in Canada has created much
dissatisfaction, while the settled policy
of the chairman of the Imperial Munitions Board, in refusing to recognize
or co-operate with organized labor, has
created such an acute state of affairs
that joint action by tbe workers concerned is imperative.
Efforts are being put forth by influential employers of labor on one
hand, for the institution by the government of compulsory service for industrial purposes; and on the other hand,
by influential militarists, for compulsory service for military purposes.
With a view to intelligently framing
a policy, and to give effect to same in
meeting the conditions obtaining, and
that may arise, it has been considered
highly advisable to call a conference
to be held in Ottawa, on June 1, said'
conference to be constituted of Cana-
dian delegates representing international' and national unions with local affiliations in Canada.
For the purpose   of   securing   the
greatest meaaure of co-operation of the
organized workera to safeguard their
welfare and that of humanity in tha
present national crisis you ara most
heartily and urgently invited to send
one or two repreaentativas to tha proposed conference.   Fraternally yours,
P. M. DBAPfiB,
For Executive Council Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada.
Prompt Action Necessary. '
As the function of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada is purely
legislative, in the interests of the workers of Canada, it was deemed advisable
to call into conference the direct representatives of the international unions,
upon whose recommendations the most
effective direct action could be taken.
The conclusions arrived at, after the
most careful and exhaustive discussion,
are embodied in the following conclusions nnd recommendations. These
command your most serious consideration and prompt action:
Imperial Munitions Board's Attitude.
The hostile attitude of the Imperial
Munitions board to organized labor in
Canada wub clearly defined.   Evidence
was submitted by delegates showing:
1. Violations of sanitary requirements and gross negligence in regard
to the protection of the health of the
workers on camp and plant construction.
2. Lowering of the wage standards
already established in different sections
of the Dominion.
3. Elimination of the eight-hour day
and the introduction of the ten, twelve,
fourteen und sixteen hours a duy and
seven-day week.
4. The unnecessury dilution of labor
by the introduction of female labor before proper steps had been taken to
utilize uvuihible skilled mechanics.
5. Whero dilution hus occurred no
general ufFurt hus been mutie to maintain the same standard of wages us
received by men for the same cluss of
fi. Substitution of cheap semi-skilled
labor from rural districts for construction work because of tlieir willingness
to accent less than trades union rates.
7. A declared policy of refusing
to recognize trades union representations in determining the wages and
hours on contracts let by them.
8. Challenging trades union officiuls
to obtain reasonable conditions by use
of their organized power instead of
through negotiations which would result in strikes.
The unanimous conclusion was reached that the time had arrived for the
reorganization of this board on the
basis of equal representation of labor
with the employing interests.
We therefore ask that you endorse
the conclusions arrived at and forward
a letter of endorsation to Premier Sir
R. L. Borden, Hojse of Commons, Ottawa, und the federal representatives
from your constituency.
Give this your immediate uttention.
It is important.
Conference's Rebuttal.
In presenting the criticism of tho
Imperial Munitions Board which resulted in the above statement^being issued,
in each case numerous instances were
given by the representative.
We wish only, however, to draw to
your attention the most prominent features brought before the oonfereice:
Clause 1. Evidenoe shews overcrowding of the workers engaged ia wast motion of Camp Borden, where over 200
men were housed fa one room built ai
a baggege room for the G. T. B., without any consideration whatever and in
direct violation of the requirements of
cjbic air space as specified in the Public Health Act, this action Bunted numbers of men to quit, broken in health.
In the operation of the plants at
Trenton no provisions are made for carrying) away the acid fumes which are
exceedingly injurious to health.
Toleration. - of excessive hours of
labor for women in the munition board
plant at Verdun, Montreal, where they
were engaged seventy-two hours and
upwards per week.
Clause 2. For the construction on
camps, skilled labor was hired from the
large industrial centres at considerably
less wages than the prevailing rates of'
those districts, particular mention
should be made of the Leaside Aviation
Camp, Toronto, where the average
wages offered-and paid are ten to
twenty eents per hour less than the
prevailing trades Union rate.
Clause 3. In connection with this the
cases of the plumbers, and steamfltters
working seventy hours per week at Nobel, the carpenters on the British Forging plant at Toronto, working 54 hours
per week instead of 44 which has been
the established condition for over
twelve years in that city, all trades at
Camp Borden, Camp Mowak, and Lea-
side Camp, working from ten to sixteen hours per day and generally seven
days per week, in all cases without any
recognition of the standard overtime
Clause 4. In munition plants indiscriminate use of female labor without
any consultation with labor representatives, or others, who were in a position to provide the necessary skilled
Clause 5. This statement you will
find complete in itself.
Clause 6. For almost all construction
work, men have been engaged without
any proof of previous knowledge of the
respective trades, and later found incapable of doing the work required
from them, they nave been indiscriminately hired through employment
agencies where those in charge havo no
qualifications to judge of the mechanical ability of those given employment.
• Clause 7. The refusal to insert any
fair wage clauses in work undertaken
by or for them, and the public statement of Mr. Mark Irish, M.P.P., director of labor for Imperial Munitions
Board, made in April, 1917, which is:
'.'Even if it had been brought to my
attention we would have no authority
to deal with the question, because the
I. M. B. has no control over the employees in a contractor's plant; the I.
M. B. is simply purchaser of munitions
from the contractors," and a subsequent written statement by Sir J. W.
Flavelle, chairman of the board, to a
responsible union representative, that
"the board must trust the men who
are given charge of the several activities to carry them into effect, and our
good friends of labor, as well as all
others, should exercise patience in letting the work go through by any short-
out that may be possible for the purpose of having it consummated." Al!
this demonstrates their lack of desire
to consider any representations as to
conditions of employment on behalf of
the workers.
Clause 8. Seasons for thia clause are
the distinct statements by Sir J. W.
Flavelle, of the I. M. B. (on several
occasions to different responsible labor
officials, who have attempted to have
the board intercede in order to prevent industrial strife) that the workers
if not satisfied, ahould proceed by their
ordinary methods to obtain redress,
which, of course, in nearly every case
where negotiations are refused, means
The above evidence warrants ub in
condemning the actions of the Imperial
Munitions Board, and asking for its
reorganization along the lines suggest-
We would readily welcome an investigation from any source whatever to
establish the proof of our statements.
The trade union movement through
itB officers has at all times willingly
offered ita services to co-operato to
the fullest extent to expedite the completion of any work undertaken by the
board, but its offers have been completely ignored.
Besolutions and communications to
the executive council of the Trndes and
Labor Congress of Canada, from locnl
unionB and trades and labor councils,
in all parts of the Dominion, bearing
directly upon thiB Important question
were turned over to the conference.
Following seven hours careful discussion, in which nearly every delegate
took part, every phase of the subject
being thoroughly considered, the following conclusions were arrived at:
"Believing that the workers of Canada are looking for a lead on the attitude that Bhould be assumed by them
toward the proposed scheme of conscription, we recommend that the following conclusions be sent broadcast
throughout Canada:
"On December 27, 1910, Premier
Borden informed the executive of
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, that if conscription should
prove tho only effective method to
preserve the existence of the stnte
and of the institutions nnd liberties which we enjoy, 'I should
not hesitate to net accordingly.'
"We are positively of the opinion that this situation hns not nrrived.
"The necessities for thc effective conduct of the wnr are food,
munitions, shipping, and military
mnn-power, and Canada is geographically well situatod to supply the
first-named three essentials, and
can do much to assist in winning
the war by developing her production in these essentials to her fullest extent.
"We are strongly of the opinion
tbnt this is the best service that
Canada, with her smnll population,
cnn render.
"We declare ourselves as most
emphatically opposed to tbe proposed conscription measure, and we
urge the workers of Canada to oppose, by every means in their
power, the enactment of such legislation."
In adopting thc above, fivo only, of
the entire delegation, voted in opposition, three of whom qualified their opposition by declaring that along with
conscription of man-power must come
conscription of wealth.
Interned Ayens.
The serious condition existing in
Canada as a result of the aeorcion of
titerned aliens to work for private employers to the detriment of established
conditions, elicited much evidence from
the delegates. The reprctcita'ives of
the International Mill, Mine nnd Smelter Workers Union, of Northern Ontario, introduced the following resolution, which was adopted, and ordered
(Continued on page 4)
[By W. H. Stackhouse.]
The lumbering industry has not centralized Hko other industries—for example, the steel industry, for anyone'
ean easily see it is still largely in the
hands of small capitalists, who are dominated in many ways by the larger capitalists and corporations.
This has resulted in very bad conditions in the industry, from the profit
point of view.
The machinery and plants for the
production of lumber—in capacity for
output—far exceed the necessary requirements of the normal trade.
Hence we see periods of intense depression when large numbers of mills
shut down, throwing their employees
out of work.
These periods of depression last until the stocks of lumber in the yard
are absorbed by the consumer and then
follows a period of activity, until another large stock of lumber iB piled up
in the yards and then down go priceB
and we are in another "period of de-
How Cutthroat Competition
Ruins Both Employer
and Employee
Organization   and   United
Action Necessary to
the Workers
Brothers in Trouble.
This condition of the lumbering industry—broadly speaking, due to its
operation by a large number of small
capitalists competing with one an-,
other, makes the business extremely uncertain, for the small capitalist, even
when trade is normal. In periods of
depression, when it is an acknowledged
fact that the market Ib overstocked,
the fact that he has limited capital,
forces him to operate his mill and often
results in his business failure.
Now, the miserable conditions and
low wages that fall to the lot of the
wage worker in this industry, is due
to the above-mentioned conditions that
confront the employer, plus the wage
workers' lack of organization for the
uncertain trade conditions that compel
him to take full advantage of the unorganized condition of the wage worker.
In times of depression it is not uncommon to soe the wages of the mill
worker fall below the subsistence point.
Workers, Save YqvmLym,      ,
Now the lesson to. be deduced from
the above review is this:
The worker in the logging camps and
saw mills can not possibly hope or expect any natural improvement of the
intolerable conditions in the camps and
mills, except through his act of organizing, forcing the improvements on
the einploycr.
Let us reason it out.
The Bosb can not help you.
Fierce competition with other mill
owners prevents him, even if he is so
The Boss won't help you, because
he has all he cnn do in looking after
his own interests.
Individually you can not help your-
For your individual protest will only
lead to your discharge.
Then there remains only ono other
source for you to follow.
Organization and collective action.
In a union with your fellow wage
workerB, by the use of your collective
power, you can demand and get—
Better Conditions in camp and mill;
better wages; shorter hours; free
With organization and by intelligent
action you can obtain aU this, and hold
it and be ablo to Bay to the employer:
"Go on with your little game of cut
throat competition. Fight all you wish
with other mill owners for trade, but
wc, the workers, in your campB nnd
mills, memberB of the International
I Union of Timberworkers, will not be
pawns in your dollur-chasing game."
We will set a standard condition of
operation for your enmps und mills and
if you are not bright enough business
men to operntc your camps and mills
under Ihe standards Wo set. get out of
business and leave business men who
ure bright enough to realize the justice
of our demands operate the Industry.
"Tho wnr was started by the Germans because they love us sn, nnd want
to make us cultures. Thoy sink nil our
ships to cut oft our German BftusagGS
land other nrticles of war. I wish I
was u munition, they earn such a lot
of money. My father is in tho army
us woll, he wears a steel helmet to kill
tho Germans in. Mr. Asquith wns
prime minister, but he could not because he was past his prime, so Mr.
Lloyd George said, "I'll be prime minister at Westminster," so he moved
into all the hotels. He is going to win
ur this year uud wants to borrow
everybody's money. Mr. Winston
Churchill was going to win it, ho he
hud u liuvnl division, only he did not,
so went in thc nrmy us his salvniion.
Tlie battle of the Mnrne was on the
pictures, and the battle of the Anchor.
Father says there was good general
ship, but I could not see the ship nor
thc anchor. Charlie Chaplin wasn't in
them because lie does not think fighting is funny. When we huve won n)l
the Germans, peace will be declared,
and all thc in turned Germans turned
out, so they can do business as usual,
which is what our soldiers are fighting
for. That is all I know about the war,
only sweets are dear and we fetch o.ir
own coal, ana we only get meat once
a week on Sundays same us we always
did. Wc are going to be vegeturiaiiB
when the London county couuiiri let ua
have some land. Hoping to find you
the same us it leaves me at present.
Yours truly," Dolly Jenkins.—The
Winning Post, London.
if you can. A quick, warm smile, an honest
grin right from the heart/goes a long way
to smoothing out life's little troubles, Perhaps the condition of your teeth prevent the
full, glowing smile?
Then   Have Your
Teeth Made Good
at once. Beauty is only skin deep. You
can not present that pleasing.appearance
you would like if your health is being undermined by poor teeth, nor can you smile
if there are gaps in your teeth. Make an
appointment for my personal service and
Offlee open
Tueaday and Friday evening!
TeL Sey. 2715
202 Bank of Ottawa Building
Hastings and Seymour Streets
For your kitchen, Wellington nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump.. 8.00
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump $8.00
Comox Nut ; 7.00
Comox Pea 5.00
(Try ou Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
.* JMhJUl-
Macdonald-Marpole Co
imi hub mut
Are showing a beautiful range of Men's and Boys' Suits and
Suits, including Finch Backs, from $16.00 per suit up.
WORKING SHIBTS from $1.26 up.
CARHARTT OVERALLS and other Union makes kept in
Oreat Values are being offered
Blouses, Sport Shirts, Shirt Waists, Straw and Linen HaU ia
great variety.
III. Sey. 701
309 to 31S HaiHflgi Stntt Wirt
Your Taxbills Are Up
The percentage on street car receipts of this company foil $31,000 last year compared with 19H,
Fair regulation, whicli is all this company asks,
would place a similar obligation to pay a percentage
or its equivalent upon thc jitney.
Because the jitney is allowed to run without obligations equal to thc street railway's, you, Mr, Taxpayer, have to foot the bill.
Your pavements, thc cost of building and maintaining which figure in your tax bills, nre enabling the
jitney to run.
The street railway provides its own track.
Not only on your tax bills, but in many other ways
the injurious effects of unregulated jitney traffic
must be apparent to you.
Every Good UNION MAN
Patronize our own Union Overall Factory in Vancouver and keep the money at home among our own
Union people.
So popular because it's so good. Cascade is brewed of the
highest grade B. 0. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and ii aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material back of it
Vancouvfer Breweries Limited
Much Money Spent Fighting
Labor But Nothing for
Its Safety
Education and Organization
the Crying Needs of
the Hour
M. E. McCOT, Manager
. . .     y^NOODVEB, B.O. '
Laber Temple Piw    Ht. M90
Pure Milk T* Union Labor
The milk (applied by thie
dairy ia pare ln every lease ef
the word.
All the battles and ntenilli
need by thia dairy are thoroughly
Our milk supply comes trem
the Fraeer Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
Evans, Coleman |& Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
Seymour 2988
Uptown Offlce:
Seymonr 828
Canadian Northern Railway
TaUphone Stymour 8462
[By Jos. Nuylor.]
(Presidont B. C. Federation of Labor.)
CUMBERLAND, V. I., June 9.—Last
Sunday there occurred here ono of thoso
dreadful catastrophes, so common in tho
mining industry of British Columbia,
for aa most people know, tho percentage of fatalities in B. C. is very near
being tho highest, if not the highest,
in tho world. Why this should be is
eaay to understand—it is because the
officials of tho coal companies of this
provinco are devoting their whole time
to scheming in every conceivable.manner
to bring down tho wages of the men,
instead of looking after the roadways,
and ventilation of the mines, which
would bring the results which they are
supposed to be looking after, a greater
output, and along with a greater output would come a healthier occupation.
But no, as far as the coal companies of
this province aro concerned it seems
they are willing to spend thousands
upon taousandB to keep tho wages of
the workers down to the barest level
of subsistence, which is an unprofitable
method, evon for the tyrants themselves.' If tho reader should take a
w Ik in Chinatown he would always
run up against some colliery official, on
special polico duty, but on tho Sundny
morning when this terrible explosion
occurred, both mino boss and mine
superintendent were snug at home, safe
as far as explosions aro concerned, unless the stovo went up. But you know,
dear reader, thoy are good church members and can't work on Sundays, and
what matters it to them who gets
blown to eternity, bo long as their feet
are resting on cushions.
Strange Incidents.
There ' are certainly some Btrange
things connected with this explosion,
the first one is three out of four who
lost their Hvcb were n survey party,
and it seehis, by listening to the evidence given by the witnesses, that no
one knew that these surveyors were in
the mine. But there is no doubt of
them being there and wltn open lights,
too, regardless of the fact, according to
the pit bosses' evidence, that it wasn't
necessary to examine the mine on idle
days. It also seems, by the evidence,
that the surveyors had made arrangements with the pit boBS to work that
Sunday, but no one else knew about it,
and it was left to them to arrange with
the fire boss when he got to the mine.
But no one knows wether they did or
not, for dead men tell no tales.
Should Be Eaay to Ventilate.
Now, it doesn't need a mining expert to know that a mine like No. 6
at Cumberland Bhould be as safe as far
as gas is concerned na being outside.
\v e understand that it is hard to ventilate a mine and keep it clear of gas
when that mine gets two or three miles
in, but a mine like No. 6 where they
are only about half a mile from the
bottom of the shaft, there is Bomething
extremely wrong. (Mine inspectors
please take notice. Also minister of
A Company Agreement.
Three weeks ago there appeared in
the columns of the Fed. an agreement
that the officials of the company had
drawn up and presented to the men
for them to accept or leave the company's service, and having this choice
they took it. In thnt agreement .there
is a clause which states that in evont
of a fatal accident, there shall be no
suspension of work. The company tried
to live up to that clause to the letter
for, although an explosion had occurred
and there were men working in other
sections of the mine, they were never
notified until thoy had finished their
shifts. I am told by good authority
that quite a number of shots wore flred
in the same mine after the explosion
occurred, and the dead men wore left
at the bottom of tho shaft for six or
aeven hours before being brought to the
surface. But I am glad to say that
one of the clauses in thc company's
ngreement waa broken on tho aay of
the funeral and that nearly overy man
laid off that day to pay last tribute to
their fellow-workors who had, three
days previously, lost their lives.
A Competent Jury.
As to the inquest, I hnvo littlo to
say, but to say tho least it was disgusting, in the first plnce, tho jury
consisted of five ment, out of the six
that didn't know what was taking
place, only that they wore holding an
inquiry over four dead bodiea. They
didn't know the firBt thing about a
mine, I don't mean that thoy are to
blame, but I do say that the systom
and custom of picking juries is rotten
and should be altered. But then, arc
not we living under capitalism, and
what do wo expect it to dot Only look
after Capital and the capitalist class.
The jury, after deliberating for fivo
long minutes brought in a verdict of
accidental death, with n strong recommendation to put the mine on Bafety
lamps, and by the questions aBked by
tho chief mine inspoctor, you would
think that that wbb the only remedy,
when they know by n proper working
knowledge of mines, and that knowledge boing put into action by a practical system of ventilation, there  oro
The following resolution has
been adopted unanimously by the
Retail Gierke' association:
"Resolved, that members of
the Retail Clerks' association do
everything In their power to
boost the sale of 'Made ln B. 0.
goods,' If manufactured by union
labor, In preference to goods made
outside the province."
vory few mines but what could be
worked by open lights, especially mines
liko No.'a 5, 6 and seven, at Cumberland. For when it comes down to a
fine analysis, it will bo hard to define,
or from a miner's standpoint choose,
between dying of tuberculosis, minora'
asthma or roaBted by explosions, and it
is a well-known fact that safety lamps
aro detrimental in more waya than one
to tho ininer's health. In the first
place thoy are hard on the eyes, and
the coal companies, to save expense,
neglect their ventilating roads, thereby
placing tho minor ih that position, that
he is continually breathing air that is
laden with gaaes which, in a short
time, brings on the two diseases before
Need of Organisation.
But, fellow-slaves of the pick, there
is one thing which will alleviate thia
condition to a great extent, and that
lis, to band yourselves together into an
'industrial organization, and assist in
making that organization ^progressive,
until that time arrives when the workers will becomo educates to that standard where they will know that they
are the only useful portion of society,
and that all industrica have been built
by the hands of labor, and that to
'labor they will belong when they are
wise enough to take them.
(Continued from page 3)
sent out to all organized workers  in
"Whereaa it has been established
that the mine operators of Northern
Ontario aro pursuing an arrogant attitude towards the organizod mine workers, the object apparently being to
stamp out thc organized movement in
that district, and,
'' Whereas an effort is being made to
have interned aliens put to work in the
hiines under military guard, and,
"Whereas it is obvious that the
situation is fraught with danger to the
entire organized labor movement of
thia country.
"Therefore, be it resolved,.that this
labor conference go on record as being
abaolutely opposed to the methods of
the mining corporations in Northern
Ontario, and that we urge all labor
bodies in Canada to assist the mine
workera in every way possible to secure justico, and be it further
"Resolved that no interned aliens,
who are not entitled to full freedom
of lawful action, be employed to the
disadvantage of free labor.''
A further discussion revealed the
fact that such interned alien labor had
already been used at Thedford Mines,
Que., which was calculated to prevent
tne minora from increasing their wagea
and bettering their conditions; on the
Welland ship canal, some time ago,
similar action had resulted in tne
breaking of a strike of the common
labor employed and ita return to
work under old wage conditions. Other
places were also cited which showed
that the practice of using such labor
is becoming increasingly prevalent. It,
therefore, behooves the organizod workers to be watchful and aggressive in
their opposition to thia practice.       .
High Cost of Living. I
Resolutions and communications
bearing upon thia important subject,
from all parts of the Dominion, were
forwarded to the executive council of
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, and presentod to the conference.
Arising out of the demands made in
these resolutions and communications
and'as a result of the discussion thereon, the following was decided upon as
the most effective means of meeting the
1. In favor of tho public ownership
of all cold storage plants, abattoirs,
and canneries. i
2. Elimination of tho gambling in
foodstuffs by speculators and others,
particularly such as is prevalent'of the
food exchanges,
3. Tnat a food and fuel controller,
or food and fuel commission of threo
members, one to be a labor representative, to bo appointed *with power to fix
pricos based upon the cost of production, and facilitate the movement of
food to that end, and who must be free
from commercial or political amliation
to prevent thc discharge of his duties
in the interest of the people.
4. Appoint an advisory committee to
assist the controller or commission, this
committee to hnve fifty por cent, representatives nominated by organized
5. The government to pass an order-
in-council, undor the War Meascures
Act, giving any municipality request*
ing the right, to operate coal and wood
yards and sell fuel retail to citizens.
fi. Nationalize the coal fields and all
the railways in Canada, and extend the
principle of nationalism in every direction   to   thoroughly   bring    the
...June 15, 1917
Editor Fedorationist: I enclose copiea
of resolutions from Toronto and Victoria S. D. P. organizations, dealing
with conscription, and trust that you
will give them publicity.
Victoria Local, 8. D. P., and others,
opposed to conscription, in meeting on
Monday evening, pasBed the following
"Wo, the members of Social Democratic local, No. 9,- of Victoria, and
others assembled, declare that in view
of the attempt of the Borden government to conscript the already depleted
man power of Canada after having assured organized labor that such means
would not be taken to secure recruits
for the army, hereby resolve that we
will not submit to military registration.
We believe, in order that the electorate
may express ita opinion, a referendum
should be taken.*'
The Dominion executive committee
of the Social Democratic party, ln session at Toronto, discussed conscription
and passed the following resolution:
"That in viow of the government's
effort to adopt compulsory military
aervice—that tho D. E. C. will endeavor
by all legitimate means within its
power to prevent the enactment o^ legislation embodying compulsory militnry
servioe. Should such legislation be enacted we will refuse to bear arms and,
if necessary, sacrifice our civil liberty
by going to prison. We have no desire
to become outlaws but will refuse to
bow the knee to pernicious and arbitrary legislation. We feel that this is
the only action we ean take which ia
compatible with the principles of international socialism and human brotherhood for which we stand, and refuse to support the injunctions of the
political despots who have usurped tho
prerogatives of the people.
"The Social Democratic Party of
Canada is called upon by arbitrary conditions not of their own making to
Btand in defence of the great principles
of liberty for which the founders of
our movement gave ao ungrudgingly
their life and labor.
In calling you to the defonce of
tho inherent truths of our philosophy,
we do so with no misgivings. Wo rely
upon every man and woman in our
muoh depleted movement to stand firm
in this hour of trial. 'Be strong and of
good courage.' Fear not those that
seek tho destruction of your bodies, for
the spirit that animates them is the
soul action of the great liberators —
'Our noble dead.'
"The night of capitalism's destruction is here and she shivors at the
thought of Waterloo. Let not your
hands be stained with the red life
streams of a mother's child, but tread
the wine press and preserve unsullied
the shield of economic truth and social
"We trust you will rise spontaneously to the call."
Copy of telegram, May 27, 1917, to
Ottawa from P. E. C. of S. D. P.:
"The Sooial Democratic Party of
B.C., unhesitatingly pronounces against
the policy of territorial acquisition as
a precursor of future wars and sufferings. The only justification for tho
workera entry into the present conflict
is to prevent a militarism being imposed upon them from without. If your
government Intends to introduco military despotism in Canada, we believe it
our imperative duty to all wage-earners
to use every legitimate means to crush
the danger now developing at home."
Sassiety Economises,
Mrs. Joseph M. Gazzam, society leader, in a lecture before the W. C. T. U.,
at Philadelphia recently) told, how she
had everything fixed ao that her country could win this war. Here's her programme:
1. Limit debutante parties and
dances to hours between 9 and 1 o 'clock
at night.
2. Encourage simplicity in dress and
3. Serve simple refreshments and no
intoxicating liquors.
Abolish   "breakfast" after the
If that don't Bcaro the Kaiser nothing will. Sassiety Ib getting revolutionary-—"Abolish breakfast after tho
dance"!   Horrors!
. Our only suggestion to amplify this
programme is that we suggest/to Mrs.
Gazzam and the other parasites, male
and female, in her set, to got off the
backs of the American working class.—
American Socialist.
Our only suggestion is that "Mra.
Onz/.i.m and the other parasites, male
and femalo," not only of America, but
of all other lands, stick tightly to the
backs of the "working class" just as
long as that claas is composed of such
unsufferable idiots as to stand for it.
Ab long as they so remain, it is all that
they deservo. They are only getting a
part of what is justly coming to them.
Anything that is worth having is well
worth taking. It is as true of freedom
as of anythiig else. No people deserves
freedom that has not only the will to bc
free, but the understanding and the
gumption to go out and get it. Manna
no longer falls down from heaven upon
wanderertP in   the   wilderness.    They
...have got to go out and do thoir own
'i««j* i harvesting.   If they do not they are apt
Jesourc-es ^hKuutiy "Sto Z h nd tfAlrf  &U?$X
of the people and but of the hands of Mty ft" cI°8ely akin"Don fc for«et that
monopolists and speculators.
It wns alao decided: "That the conference recommend to the memberB of
organized labor in Canada that they
utilize all the power at their command
for the purpose of increasing their wage
rates and improving their conditions in
order to reduce the serious depression
of their standard of living occasioned
by the increase In the prices of the
necessities of life."
At the dose of the conference it was
decided to request the executive council of tho Trades and Labor Congress
of Cnnnda to call a aecond conference
of the representatives of the international unions, Railroad Brotherhoods,
and Federation of Letter Carriers of
Canndn, or a special convention of the
Trndes ahd Labor Cqngreas of Cannda,
providing in their opinion conditions
Justified the calling of such conference
or convention.
Signed in behalf of conference:
(Signed) - JOHN W. BRUCE,
Trados and Lnbor Congress of Can*
(Signed) J. C. WATTERS,
X A. RIGG, M.P.P.,
The Fedorationist la the only Libor piper
now published west of Winnipeg.
It is owned by the 16,000 tride unionists
of British Columbia.
It reaches the highest paid wage-workers—
the men who are working and therefore have
the most purchasing power.
Its readers are among those who are students, who are trying to do their own thinking and who demand freedom of expression.
They read The Federatlonist because it is
their own paper, and its columns are always
open to them.
Some of tho largest anions In the province
subscribe for The Federationist in a body, a
copy being mailed to the residence of each
The Federatlonist has been established for
nine years; lt is an integral part of the organised Labar movement of British Columbia,
and Is .one of the most widely quoted Labor
papers on this continent.
Visit the Beauty Spots }
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service from North Vanoouver to the following places of interest: /
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULPIELDS  -....!.    "       "  35c
EAGLE HARBOR .     "       "   40c
LARSON'S RANCH ......    "       "  50c
HORSESHOE BAY  ......    "       "   50c
Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.  For further
particulars phone Sey. 9547.
Passenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
When your grocer sells
you a pound of NABOB
TEA, he is selling you a
tea that will win your
high esteem, and make
you his steady customer.
Thousands of discriminating people use no other
tea than NABOB.
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BETJ), Proprietor
Manufacturer! of
one* ud woib: Tutu stnN       raw WSSXimrSTBR, B. 0.
Made by the Highest
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under the most sanitary
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
For Sale Everywhere.
Sales Manager for B. C.
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3118 Alberta St.,' Vancouver, B. 0.     II
2 for 25c 3 for 25c
...June 15, 1917
PX_ti &VE
Because She
Loved Her
Country They
Killed Her
Because She Saved Her Country
They Worship Her As a Saint
JOAN OF ABC  chose  to be
burned at the  stake rather
than to deny her faith.
Liberty for her country meant
more to her than life.
That wae 600 yean ago.
Today, above the smoke of
battle in desolate France 2,000,-
1/00 men are following Joan of
Arc as their forefathers had followed her.
They see her figure, all in
white, leading the oharge and
hear above the battle's din her
voice of impassioned command.
Ydd will grasp Joan's spirit of holy patriotism when you see
Geraldine Farrar
as the immortal Joan of Arc ln CECIL B, DeMTLLE'S
Cinema Masterpiece
Joan the Woman
By Jeanle MacPherson
At the Orpheum
Week, Beginning June 18
tm_-     .
CON JONES, Promoter,
Matinee Prices 15c, 30c
Evening Prices 15c, 30c, 50c
Beat Bal* Thursday, June li
Gems of Rare Intellectual
Worth Are Callously
Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker Yon Need
Ten or more membera of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of SI per year.
How Lambs Bleat Not While
Being Broke to the
Military Yoke
[By Walter Head]
12.—At our regular nieeting on Sunday
last, so muoh business was transacted
and so much discussion took place that
the election of officers was postponed
until Sunday next, when a special meeting will be called to elect officers and
also take the referendum 'on the "down
tools" proposition that we expect to
get from the B. C. Federation of Labor
We have forwarded our per capita tax
a little ahead of time to help the Federation along.
Should Hare Thrown it Oat.
Two communications wero read that
plainly show the trend of the movement
on the other side of the line. They
were, recommendations from the inter*
national executive board. One was a
suggestion to eliminate the clause in
our constitution that excludes persons
affiliated with tbe boy scout movement
froin the organization. It went on to
eulogize the boy Bcout movement, referred to the work that Baid scouts could
do in conserving the food supply i of
"our" country; spoke of the troubles
of "our" nation, etc. I wonder if they
remember such places as Ludlow, West
Virginia, Calumet,. Lawrence, Homestead, etc.f The communication was ignored. Somebody wanted to throw it
out of the window.
The next communication dealt with
the exoneration of our members who
went to fight for "their" eountry. It
received the same treatment aB the previous one.
Disgust Warranted.
These communications disguBted the
membership, coming as they did at a
time when we are receiving transfers
from District 18, from men who have
been driven out through lack of support
from the autocrats on the International
executivo board.
We received an appeal from District
18, and we sent -$100 to help keep the
pot boiling. Some one suggested sending our International per capita tax up
A Real Fighter.
The next communication we received
was from a real working claBB fighter,
Kate Sadler, in answer to our request
that she come over on a speaking tour
throughout Newcastle district. Sne regretted her inability to come at this
time, as she has got her hands full fight*
ing conscription, having just come out
of jail, and expecting to go again as a
result of being chairman of an anti-
conscription meeting, which would have
to be held in the open air, because all
the hulls wero shut down on tho opponents of autocracy, in "their" countrv.
It was a welcome relief, coming as it
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Twenty to 25 miles on a gallon of gasoline
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Tou ean alwayi sell a "used" Ford at a
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If you are contemplating purchasing a car this summer, be sure and investigate our EAST
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Seymour 1717
did after the two aforementioned brainstorms.
"Worm Eaten and Dead."
I, think the various epithets whieh
have been hurled at the A. F. of L. will
very Boon apply to our executive board.
I think it was an officer of the U. M.
W. of A. who 'said the A. F. of L. was
fossilized, worm-eaten and dead, the
way things are shaping over the line.
The same thing applies to the so-
called "respectable" labor "leaders."
They have been weighed in the balance
and found "Vanting. They ure proving
themselves traitors to the working
class. There is not a bleat out of them
against the high-handed methods of the
Yankee master class. They stand Idly
by and see the workers struggling
under the yoke of' militarism.
It is to be hoped that when the mine-
workers regain their senses, they will
put these gentlemen where they belong,
unless by that time they have got cabinet jobs like their partners in England,
Henderson, Crook b, et al.
The local instructed the secretary to
write the executive board protesting
against the deal handed out to the men
of District 18.     i
The grievance committee reported in*
terviewing the management and who
are going to try to inaugurate a fort'
nightly pay with a 11-day fortnight as
soon as possible. They are also willing
to start a "caviling" system, under
which the miners will draw lots for
places, and so eliminate any tendency
toward favoritism. Everyone will have
the same chance of getting a good coal
place and no man will get an advantage over another.
By the time, all this business had
been transacted, many men had left the
Aid %z "rits."
A collection was taken up for H. M.
Fitzgerald, which amounted to $18,60.
The following is a Hst of donations ip
to date: Local 872, U. M. W. of A., $20;
collection, $19.60; C. A. Segur, $1; G.
Winkler, Victoria, $1; F. Spencer, Nanaimo, $1; a student, Vancouver, $3;
total to date, $$45,60,
To sec the way the subscriptions have
been coming in, 'gives very little encouragement to men to work in the interests of the working class. It appears
that the workers don't seem to care
about the welfare of the soldiers of the
common good, who have fallen by the
wayside. However, I hope to reeeivo a
litle moro yet, and the list is still open.
Anti-conscription Resolution.
The following tea copy of the resolution passed during the meeting:
"Whereas, There is a determined attempt upon the part of a certain class
in this country- to saddle upon the people a military system patterned after
the German and continental systems;
"And whereas, As national service
was a prelude to. conscription, so do we
think that military conscription is a
prelude to industrial conscription, which
in the final analysis is Industrial slavery; be it therefore
"Resolved, That we, the members of
Local 872, U. M. W. of A., are prepared to resist the inauguration of conscription with all the power that we
This resolution was adopted unanimously, the membership not thinking it
was necessary to discuss it, as they
deemed it a foregone conclusion that we
should oppose militarism in any form.
Some Sane Discussion.
A little discussion took place, during
which it was shown that while the
downfall of the German autocracy
would be a good thing, the benefits that
would accrue to the workers of other
countries were not worth the sacrifices
they were asked to make. It was shown
that the job of busting the German autocracy was the job of the workers of
Germany, and not ours.
The tribunal system in England was
shown up in its true colors. The tribunal was supposed to be a civil court,
but it was demonstrated that it is dominated by the military officers.
The picture waa painted of what the
returned soldiers could expect when
the dependents of thoso who have lost
their Hvcb were left to sweet charity in
many cases. One young woman in England, whose husband was forced to the
front, bejng left with a young baby,
born while the father was in the
trenches, and there sacrificed his lifo.
This young woman was given the magnificent pension of 12s a week, or $3.00,
to keep herself and baby, and the living
aB high as it is here. Various organizations took her case up, and her pension was increased to 10s per week.
That is what we are to be forced to
fight for; $3 a week for our dependents
and millions for munition contractors
and food speculators.
"Why is the world poorf" asks Jas.
Brandon. That is easy to answer for
the simple reason that it is not poor.
There is nothing lacking, in the world,
that is requisite to human comfort and
well being. True there are many, many
persons in the world that are poor indeed. That is merely .due to the fact
tbat they are slaves. Being slaves they
are robbed of all opportunity to provide for their needs, except upon terms
and occasion suitable to the master
class. The wealth producers of the
world, the working class, furnishes all
tho great army of the world's poor.
And no wonder slaves are poor. Outnumbering their masters many to one,
and so poor in all manly qualities as to
meekly submit to being enslaved, ruled
and robbed, what better do they deserve than the most excrutlating poverty, with all that it entails.
Because it tends to raise wages. This
Ib proven by all sorts of evidence.
Because it prevents a reduction in
wages; reductions rarely come'to well-
organized labor.
Because it aids ln getting shorter
hours. Ask the union men who are
working eight hours, or less; they can
prove it.
Because it places labor where it must
3 respected. Power wins respect from
employers as from all men,
Becauso it gives the workingman self-
Because it develops fraternity. Craftsmen are all too jealous of and suspicious
of ono another even at best.
Because it is a good investment. No
other investment gives back so largo a
return for expenditure of time and
Because it makes thinkers. Men need
to rub intellects together in matters of
common concern,
Because it enlarges acquaintance. The
world is too restricted for wage-earners.
Because it teaches co-operation. Wben
laborers corporate they will own the
Because it makes the job a better one.
The bully foreman can't bully the union
The three big Btoel companies in
whioh Canadians aro chiefly interested,
earned for thc shareholders last year a
surMua approximately twice as large
as in 1915i and more than four times as
large as they had earned in any year
prior, to the war.
The earnings of the Canadian Pacific
railway for the week ending May 31
were $4,806,000, an increase of «584,-
000 over the same week last year.
Grand Tronic^ railway earnings for
the week ending May 31 were |i,939,-
318, an increase of $437,858 over the
corresponding period of last year.
Gross earnings of the Canadian Northern railway for the week ending May
81 were $1,307,000. From July 1, 1916,
to date, ♦37,106,000. For the corresponding week last year $070,000, and
from July, 1915, to July, 1916, $30,047,-
800, showing net increases of $337,700
and $7,148,300 respectively.
Three or four hundred "war veterans' 'broke up a public meeting in the
Labor Teniple in Toronto on Sunday
evening, May 3. The meeting had been
called for the purpose of setting forth
the views of those citizens bf this great
free Dominion who are opposed to the
conscription measure that is contemplated by the present government. The
action of the "war veterans" has met
w)th the tacit approval of the public
authorities of Toronto, as well as the
pulpit, the press, the board of trade, the
chamber of commerce, as well as ail of
the patriotic citizens who are devoted
in their loyalty to the cause of "demo-
craoy and liberty."
About 250 "soldiers" occupied seats
at an antl-oonscriptionist meeting in
Winnipeg on Sunday last. Alderman
Queen was chairman of tho meeting,
and F. J. Dixon, M. L. A. for Winnipeg Centre, was one of the speakers.
These brave soldiers broke up the meet*
ing, assaulted Mr. Dixon, tore his clothing and otherwise heroically defended
the empire against the rude and brutal
assaults of the wicked Huns of mid-
Europe. It is recorded that a low, vulgar, ignorant and brutal mob composed
of tho vilest scum of Boman civilization, hooted, jeered and stoned-the Man
of Nazareth as he bore his Cross to
Cavalry, but this Winnipeg mob is not
tho same one. Its individual personnel
is entirely different. It was composed
of Canadian, not Boman patriots.
"I have givon my toys to my country," may be a proud nnd commendable boast, but it doea not always imply an over stock of good sense upon
the part of tho kids. Far better would
it be were the "boys" to indulge in
the generous giving of paternal old
stiffs to their country's cause and save
themselves for more sane and humanly
useful purpose. It is about time boys
refused to longer tolerate the bump*
tious authority of parental accidents
to give them away, like chews of to*
bacoo, for any purpose whatever.
The Criminal a
Sick Man
A lecture will be given by Dr.
A. McKay Jordan, before the
Juvenile Protective Association,
at tkelr request in the City Hall,
on Tuesday, June 19th, commencing at 8 o'clock sharp, entitled
Tho lecturer has given much
study to the question of the
criminal aa a sick man, either
physically or mentally, and hopes
to throw a new light on tho
means that should be taken for
his reformation.
A cordial invitation is extend*
ed to all readers of this journal
and their friends to attend.
Phone Seymour 4565
A pleasant surprise awaits you
if you go to the
for your meals.   A joy to
The Pick of tht Market.
Charges Moderate
Opposite the Orpheum Theatr*
~r—-'m-Tir-mwi— m
Vol; aialnil prohibition! Demand pit*
aonal llbartj la eCooalnt what Ton will drink.
Ask lor this Labal wioa pnrehailni Beer,
Ala or Portar, ae a fiaraatae tbat II la Onlan
Ut— Tkla U onr Labal
The Quality
= of=
Our Bread
Is equal to the best-
Yet our prices are decidedly lower
The only reason why we are able to do this is because we are in a central location and HAVE THE
20 oz. Carried Away
18 oz. Delivered
10c. a LOAF
Bakery :: 27 Hastings Street East
Phone Seymoar 3889
the Annual
'   -OP THE-
B.C. Federationist
will be issued on or about
This special Labor Day edition will be the largest and most
comprehensive Labor publication ever attempted in the province.
It will contain a full outline of events in thc Labor worid of
British Columbia and Alberta throughout the past year, and an
authoritative statement as to thc present situation in every line
of organized labor.
The field covered by the edition will be Britieh Colombia in general. Special attention will, however, be
given to matten connected with the induitrlal field in
Vaneonver, Vlotoria, New Weitminiter, Prinoe Bupert
and other great centra of population.
Applications for advertising space in this edition should be
listed at an early date, in order to secure publication.
Sey. 7495
'can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted. PAGE SIX
FBIDAT. , Jon. 15, 1917
To the Secretaries of all
B.C. Labor Organizations:
Send your orders for
printing directed by
your organization to
The Federationist
Tour organization is constantly requiring printing done in
tho form of letterheads, bylaws, elrDnlars, leaflets, etc.
When work of this class is demanded, let The Federationist
offlce know your needs and prompt attention will be given
your demands, whether the order be large or small.
Naturally, The Federationist benefits by your placing the
order with us. Everything we make, however, goes back
into The Federatlonist funds and thus helps us to raise the
standard of the paper.
Address all orders or communications re printing to
Boom 217, Labor Temple VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
EAGLET* SOUS, 151 HMtlofa Stmt A....
BLOOHBERGER, P. B., lit Broadway East	
BRAND A PERRY, 62, Pender Stmt, Waal  	
B. 0. PRINTING & LITHO. CO., Omjlne and Homor	
CLARKE A STUART, SSO Sajmoor Btraal  	
COWAN * BROOKHOOBK, Labor Temple Bllldlaf ,
DBN8MCIB PBINTINO 00, MT DuaasJl Stroot	
EVANS * HASTINGS, Aria aid Crafta Bids*. Sajmoar St.,
JEFFERY, w. A„ 2168 Parker Street 	
KERSHAW, J. A., SSO Howa Bt	
LATTA, HP, (IS Ooro Avo.	
UeLEAN t SHOEMAKER, North Vaaeeanr	
NKWS-ADVERTIBEB, 187 Pander 61	
NORTH SHORE PRESS. Hank Voneooter	
 .  —t_aH,r—~m
BOEDDE, 0. A, •!• -
SOANDIltAVIAk PDBUSHINO 00, 817 CaaMo St...'	
SUN JOB PRESSES, 711 Se/monr Street	
THE STANDARD. Heller Stroot 	
TECHNICAL PRESS, 500 Baattr Street  	
TIMMS, A. H., 110 rnrtooitt Ave. E	
WrHe "Vain taker aa Ten flefy tttet Tee teat n »
A BookletWhich Every Thinking Wage Worker
Should Read
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦■)..■■<■»■)».»♦>(■♦♦.♦♦♦
The merit and real worth
of this publication is shown
by the fact that since it was
issued on November 1, orders for thousands of copies
have been received from all
parts of the world and additional orders are coining in
by every mail.
In a clear cut and concise
style this booklet goes thoroughly into the question of
the economic position of capitalist society and the position of the working classes
in relation to it
The troublesome phases of
the relations between the
capitalist and the worker
are dealt with in a manner
which solves in plain and
forceful logic many points
on which the worker of today is often "at sea" when
meeting arguments.
Many labor organizations are now sending "repeat" orders for quantities of this booklet, their first orders having been
readily disposed of by sale or distribution. These advices
state that the booklet is eagerly sought and read with keen
interest by their members.
♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦■)♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*»
Addreu all orders to
The B.C. Federationist
Labor Templt, VANOOUVER, B. 0.
the noted writer on wage worken' problems who has given tbe last wotd on
thli  subject ln  "The  denials  and
Evolution of Slavery."
Packages of 100 copies or mine
fi cents por copy (carriage paid.)
Single Copies, or In any number up to 100 copies, 10 eents
each (postpaid).
This Official List of Vancourer Allied Printing Offices
.... Seymour 810
. ..Fairmont 208
...Seymonr 9BT8
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 Seymoar 8
...Beymour 4490
... Seymoar 1108
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... Seymoar 8874
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 N. Tin. 68
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... Seymour 8S34
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...Seymoar 1590
. .Falrmant 921H
... Seymonr 1615'
Seyrntw 8698
Whoso s jJden death, at Culgary, on Saturday last, caused widespread re-,
gret in Vancouver, where he had been in charge of the FirBt Presbyterian church for thirteen years, prior to his removal to the Foothill City only a few weeks ago. The late Dr. Fraser had many
friends in the organized labor movement in British Columbia, as the
result of the stand he took for the striking, miners of Vancouver
Island three years ngo, and because' of his genuine sympathy with
and work for sweeping changes in the present industrial and economic system. The cosmopolitan representation at tho funeral given
Dr. Fraser on Wednesday afternoon was a fitting tribute to a taan
who deserved it.
WORKING PEOPLE, both organ-
ized and unorganized, are practically a unit' upon one thing,
and that is that labor does not need a
press of its own.   It is generally conceded by all work
LABOR ers that the needs
DOES NOT and requirements of
NEED A PRESS, labor are amply
safeguarded and
looked after by the capitalist press of
the world. At least there is no other
conclusion to be drawn from the very
patent fact that next to no support is
given to the labor press by these work-
era, but eaeh and aU of them draw
their inspiration, political, economic
and theologic, from the press of their
masters. How many working men are
there in the eity of Vancouver, for instance, who do not draw all their poll-
tlcal and economic conclusions from the
daily capitalist sheets' It is safe to
say that there are mighty few. And in
spite of the fact that proud boast Ib
frequently made of the strength of the
labor movement, not only here in Can*
ada, but all over the world, there ia
no labor press of any influence either
here or elsewhere. The labor press does
not get more than the most meagre support from the members of the working
class. Thousands of labor papers have
been launched and have struggled
bravely to give voice to the hopes and
aspirations of the world's toilers, only
to be eventually left to die becauso of
lack of support at the hands of the
class in whose interest they had been
called into being. And at the same
time, tho capitalist press, the most in*
sidious and deadly foe to the cause of
democracy and human freedom, has
been deluged with support by the workers whose few liberties that press
has ever been instrumental in trying to
destroy. There is not a daily sheet of
capitalist rule and exploitation, either
here in Vancouver or elsewhere, that
could long survive were it not for tho
support freely given it by tho stupid
wage slaves, whose crass ignoranee
forges the chains upon their own limbs.
* * *
Readers of the daily papers of this
eity will have noted numerous advertisements and notices therein, emanating from the office of J. Coughlan &
Sons, the shipbuilders, whose workmen
are now on strike. These notices have
been appearing in all of the dailies.
The Metal Trades Council, which has
charge of the strike on behalf of the
men, wishing to call the attention of
tho public to certain matters relating to
tho strike, attempted to do so through
tho columns of tho daily press. Although tho copy offered contained nothing of an unlawful or inflammatory
nature, it was refused publication.
Even when tho mattor submitted was
asked to bo run at regular
advertising rates, it was likewise turned
down. The mattor referred to was run
in our issue of lust week, and the
reason why it was refused publication
by the capitalist shoots may be easily
seen by any workingman who cares to
see what lies before his eyes. Ab a last
resort, the Metal Trades Council, on
behalf of the men, had to como to Tho
Federationist In order to obtain at least
some small part of thc publicity it
wished. But The Fedorationist is but
a weekly publication and doos not en*
joy so wide a circulation as the capitalist sheets in question, Therefore its
field of usefulness to the striking workers of the Coughlan slave pen is not
what it should be in order to obtain
the best results. But tbat is not the
fault of the Coughlan outfit, or its follow labor-skinning concerns. It Is directly due to tho apathy and indifference of the workers to the welfare and
interests of themselves and their class.
By their stupid Insistence upon sup*
porting the press of their masters and
exploiters, and refusing to aid ln build*
ing up and making strong and effective
a press of their own, they are left to
the mercy of those capitalist sewers of
misinformation, whose chief mission is
to suppress or distort the facts in such
manner ub may best conserve the sor
did and baneful interests that survive
only by the,throttling of liberty and
fatten solely upon plunder taken from
* * *
And now good and valiant slaves in
the great compound of capitalist civilization and slaughter, stick to your stupidity though the heavens fall. Cling to
the press of your masters. Continue to
draw your political and economic in-
formation from their disinterested and
eminently truthful columns in the fu>
ture, as you have done in the past. By
so doing you will be in no danger of going astray and following false gods into
the political and economlo wilderness
outside of the safety xone of good old
wage slavery and the never failing
fatherly solicitude of your industrial
overlords and spiritual guardians. Far
better to stick to the good things you
now enjoy, and thsy are indeed many
as you well know, than to be led into
the gout and fatty degeneration of
heart that you know naught of aB yet.
Dont subscribe to labor papers. If
you do they might in time become so
drunken with fat that instead of remaining true and harmless weeklies
tkey might grow into bold and aggressive daily ripsnorters and ripsnorl
timid and docile working plugs into
roaring lions seeking whom they might
devour. And thia would no doubt prove
disastrous, both to employers and em*
ployees. The former might be forced
out of business and the latter would
then have no jobs. Turn down your
own press and boost that of your mas*
ters. That's the stuff. Labor needs
nothing that its master, capital, will not
furnish, free gratis and for nothing.
Subscribe for a capitalist daily at once,
and thereby make sure of hanging on
to aU of the common sense you now
possess. Be ignorant in time. Now is
the time. Rjling class civilization de*
pends upon it. Let every ignoramus do
his duty.
."Safety in industry has become a
war meaaure," soys Commissioner of
Labor Jackson, of Pennsylvania. "The
conservation of man power is an economic problem of first importance," he
declared. "With the inevitable expansion and readjustments that must follow America's entrance into the war,
human wastage must receive the same
careful consideration from the industrial captains that it receives from the
military (leaders, if tho country nt large
is intelligently to understand the task
of cutting itB sacrifice to n minimum."
So much for Jackson. Will tho reader
take notice that all of this solicitude
over1" human wiistago" and this zeal
for thc "conservation of man power,"
is entirely devoid of all consideration
for the worker as a man. It springs
from no consideration for human life,
ns such. If it did tho term "wastage"
could not be used. That cnn only be
applied to things possessing vnlue in exchange. It applies to property. It
means mnterial "wastage." "Conservation of man power" means tho conservation of that particular force that
is genernted within the human body,
and through the expenditure of which
all human activities, both of war and
peace, are carried on. This "conservation" and the elimination of "wastage" are peculiarly capitalist requirements, and are never emphasized except
there happens to be an extraordinary
call upon the stock of mnn power on
hand.   The terms "conservation" and
wastage" aro used in exactly the
samo sense as they would be used by
tho agriculturist in reference to the
manure for his fields, the fertility of
which was becoming exhausted owing
to some excessive or abnormal drnin
upon it. The fertility of the,capitalist
field of exploitation is now being seriously threatened owing to the tremendous "wastage" of manure (labor)
through the war. Hence as much "wastage" (killing) as possible must be cut
out of Industry, in order that the
very desirable ''wastage" incurred by
war shall not render the field of exploitation completely devoid of fertilising
material. There is no sentiment in the
capitalist conception of "conservation"
and "wastage.'' It is strictly .material.  It is merely n matter of manure.
April, May and June are the best
months to conduct an anti-fly cam*
_ flnt and third Thundoye. Executive
board; June* H. McVety, preildent; Fred A.
Hoover, vice-president; Victor B. Mldgley.
general eecretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, statist!-
clan; eergeant-nt*anu, George Harriion; A.
J. Crawford, Joe. Campbell, F. Haigh, true*
MeeU   eecond   Monday   In   tke   month.
President,   J.   McKinnon;   seoretary,  B.   H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66. ■
Hoom SOS Lsbor Temple. MeeU Irst
Sunday of each month. President James
Campbell; financial secretary, J. Smith, 610
Holden Bldg.; Box 424; phone Sey. 2672;
recording seeretary, Wm. MotUshaw, Globe
Hotel, Main street.      	
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays In the month,
Room 206 Labor Temple. President, L. E.
Herrltt; secretary. S. H. Grant, 1671 Alberni
street.  ■
Meet 2nd and 4th Wednesdays, 8 p.m.,
Boon 807.   President Chas. F. Smith; cor
responding secretary,, W. a Dagnall, Box 68;
• VBJfVUUlUB   BOViVMM/,     (I.    U.   S.I|H
financial secretary, W. J. Pipes.
BREWEBY WORKERS, L, U. No. 881, I. 0.
U, B. W. of A.—MeeU first and third
Wednesday of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, A. Sykes; seen*
tary. Frank Graham, 2268 Twelfth avenne
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers ef
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meet*
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenne waat;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1181 Howe street.
620. Meets every Thursday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Temple.    President.  William Walker;  vice-
.resident, J. R. Flynn; secretary-treasurer,
V. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Phone Bey. 7496.	
Psctfle—Meots at 487 Gore avenne every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, busineu
—-Meeta tn Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; reeordlng secretary, John Murdoch, Labor Temple; financial
seeretary and busineu agent, E. H. Morriion,
Room 207, Labor Temple.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 88-62—Office and hall,
804 Pender street east. Meets every Thursday 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, P. Chapman;
business agent, J. Mahone.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President, Wm. Small; recording seeretary, J.
Brooks: financial aeeretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7495,
tors' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. 8. E. I
M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday of eacl
month, Room 204, Labor Templo, President
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh,
flnanolal and corresponding sserstary, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Bos 846.
America—Vanconver and vicinity.—
Branoh meete eecond and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenne west; flnanclal secretary, J. Campbell, 4669 Argyle
itreet; reeordlng secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street.   Phone Bnyrl** S6SSL.
138—MeeU second an fourth Thursdays
of eaeh month, room 808, Labor Temple.
President, John McNeil; flnanclal secretary,
Geo. H, Weston; reeordlng oeoreUry, Jas.
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple.	
ployees, Plaaeer Division, Na. 101—
MeeU Labor Tempi*, eecond and fearth Wed-
aesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Htbble;
vice-president, E. S. Clevolaud: recording see.
Ury, A. T. Lofting,   8881   Trinity   stnet.
Kone Highland 188R; flnaaelal iecretary aad
siasss ageat, Fred A. Heaver, 1408 Clark
drive, effioe earner Prior and Mala itreeU.
America, Leool Na. 178—Mseltugo held
first Monday In saeh moath, • p.m. Presl*
dent, J. T, Ellsworth; vlce-presldeal. Miss
H, Gatterldge; reeordlng eecretary, w, W.
Heokea, Box 108; flnanolal secretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Ban 808.
last Sunday of eaeh month at 9 p.m.
President, H. 0. Benson; vlerprealdont,
W. R. Trotter; secretary-treaeurer, R. H.
Neelends, P. 0. Box 88.
annual convention In January. Exceatlvi
officers, 1817-18: President, J. Naylor, Box
416, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vancouver: Jas. H. MeVety, T. R. Midgley, Ubor
Temple. Victoria; J. Taylor, Box 1816, Vancouver Island: W. Head. South Wellington.
Prinoe Rupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 684-
New Westminster: W. Yates, 808 London
atreet. Kootenay District: A. Goodwin, Box
26, Trail. Crows Nest Valley: W. B. Phil-
lipe, 178 McPherson avenue. Seeretary*
treasurer: A. 8. Wells, Box 1688, Victoria,
B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL—MeeU flrst and third Wednesday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1878 Den-
man street; secretary, B. Simmons, Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0.
of  America,  leeal  784,  New Westminster
MeeU second Sunday of eaeh month at 1-8C
p.m.   Secretary; F. w. Jameson, Box 486,
Connell—Meets second and fourth Toes*
days of each month, In Carpenten' hall. Pre
eldent, 8. D. Maedonald; secreUry, J. J
Anderson, Box 278, Prince Rnpert, B. 0.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OF A.-
Meets second and fourth Snnday of each
month, at 8.80 p.m.. Richards Hall. President. Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven:
recording secretary, Jas. Bateman; flnanolal
secretary, 8, Portray; treasurer, J. H. Rich
pOAL mining rights of the Dominion. In
*»* Hanltobal Saskatchewan and Alberta, th*
kukon Territory, the Norik-Wt.it Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term
of 21 yean at an annual rents) of |1 aa acre.
Not more than 2,660 aores will bn leassd to
one applicant.
Application for a lease mnst bs mad* by
the applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district In which the rlgbU ap*
plied fur are situated,
In surveyed territory th* land mmt bo del-
scribed by icctlone, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and In unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall ba staked onl by th*
applicant himself.
Each application mnst be accompanied by
a fee of |5 which will be refunded If In*
rights applied for are not available, bat not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on th*
merchantable output of the mln* at the rat*
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mtn* shall fur-
nlah the Agent with sworn returna accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the
cosl milling right* are not being operated,
saeh returni should be furnished at least
once a year.
Ths lease wilt Include the eoal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 87 *f 46
George V. assented to 12th June, 1814.
For full Information application ih*tld b*
made te the Seeretary ef the Department *f
the Interior, Ottawa, ar to aay Ageat *r Sab-
Agent ef Dominion Lands. _
W. W. OORf,
Deputy Minister af th* Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised pabU*atl*a *f thU ai*
vsrtUsmeat will 0*1 he paid for.—->"W.
at **ll af irHldant, Lab*r Teurale, Vsa-
eeuTer, B. 0.    DlneUrs:   James Campbell,
5resident; J. tt. MoVety, secretary-treasurer;
. Naylor and A. S. Weill. R- Parm
Petllpliw, managing director. Room SIT,
Labor Tempi*.   Telephone Seymoar 7485,
Ask for < Labor  Tempi* 'Phon*  Bxchnng*,
S*ymour  7496   (unless  otherwise   stem).
Boilermakers—J, H. Oarmiohael, oar* Hotel
Regent, 140 Hastings strsst sast.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 817—-Jas.
Robison, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No 8647—J. G.
Smith, Boom 808.
Olvlo Employees—V. B. Mldgley, Boom 810.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
207.   Sey. 8510.
Deep Boa Fisherman's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue, Office ah*ne, Seymour 4704; rssld*aee, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Assseiatlen—J. Mahon*, 10
Powell stnet; phon* Sey. 6869.
Musicians—E. J. Jamleson, Room 806.
Paintors—H. Grand, Room 808.
Pile Drivers and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Plumbers—J. Cowley, Room 206%. Sey,
Sailors—W. B. Bant, 218 Hastings atreet
weat.    Sey. 6708.
Straet Bailway Employees—Fred A. Ho*v*r;
eor. Main and Prior. Phona exchange
Seymour 6000. Residence, Fairmont 841R.
Typographical—R. H. Moeludu, Room 806.
Allied Printing Trade* Caun*U-B. H. Nm*
lands, Box II.
Barbara—S. H. Grant, 1801 S*v*nth avana*
Bartenden—W. H. Smith, Box 484,
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill, B.
Bookbinders—W. H. C*wa*r*y, 1888 Thirty
foarth avais* *a*t.
Bellermakm—A. Fraser, 1181 H*w* street
Boot and Sho* Workers—Tom Cory, 182
Templeton drive,
Brewery Worken—Frank Graham, 9158 12th
avenue wast,
Brlcklayen—William 8. Dagnall, Lahor Tom*
Brotherhood of CarponUrs Dlstriot Connell
—G. H. Pag*, Room 908, Lahor Temple.
Brothorhood of Locomotlvo Engineer*—L. T.
Solloway, 1167 Harwood airoei. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1286 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Bailway Carmen-
Brotherhood    of   Malnten*ae*-of*W*y   Employee*—E. Corado, 886 Clark drlvo.
Building Trades Council—Victor B. Mldgley,
Room 210. Lsbor Temple.
Cigarmakers—B. Craig, eare Van Loo Cigar
Faotory, Georgia street.
City Firemen's Union—8yd. Jackson, No. 9
Fir* Hall, Seymour street.
Clvio Employe**—G. Harrison, 1428 Kitchener street.
Cooks, Walton, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple,
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne.
Electrical Workers—E, H. Morrison, Boom
207, Lsbor Temple.
Engineers—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Workers—Mn. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Hod Carriers and Building Laboren—Labor
Lathers—J. Lelghton, Holdon Building, Halting! utreei eaet.
Utter Carrlen—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenne west.
Longshoremen—F, Chapman, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 911, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 687 Twentieth
avenue east.
Musicians—E. J. Jamleson, Room 805, Labor
Molders—G. P. Nlohols, 181 Sixth *v*nu*
Moving Picture Operators—A. A, Han***, P.
0. Bex 848.
Order of Railroad GoaduoUn—«. Hatth, T81
Beatty street.
Painters—Jos. Wlle*n, R**a* SSI, Labor
Plumhm — Ream 988 ft, Laber Tempi*.
Phon* Seymenr 8611.
Pile  Drivers  sal Weeds* Bridgecaea—W.
Eastman, P. 0. Bas 818.
■seimia—B. WaUnw
PlaiUrera—Gee. Rash,
Fearteea Ave,
Freeimio—B. WaUnun, HIT
"aaUrere—Gee. Rusk, 99T8 I
west.   Bovvlsw 2916L
Pattern   Makers—Tnaaexvaf--E   Weotasore-
laud, 1618 Taw atnet.
RelaU Gierke' A*i**Utl*n—Albert OnaaUng,
668 HassllUn strait.
Seamen's UnUn—W. S. Bans, V. 0. Box
Btraetaral   Inn   Workera—R*y   Masaeoar,
Beea 90S, Leber Tempi*.
Sheet Metal Wertere—J. W. Alexander, 8196
P*ador stn*t eaet.
Hardy,   445—28rd   Street    Weet,    North
Vancouver, B. 0.
Steam Shovel and Drcdgomen—Okas. F««s,
06 P*wsU street.
Stmt Railway Employ***—A, T. Lotting,
9591 Trinity stnet.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, son Fnvlx**.
Telegraphen—E. B. Peppln, Box 149.
Tailor*—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Go*. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayen  and  Helpers—A. Jamleson,  640
Twenty-third avenue east.
Trades and Labor Connell—Victor B. Mldgley, Room 910. Labor Tempi*.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 68,
British Columbia.
Cranbrook Tndes and Labor Couneil—Seoretary, F. McKenna, Watt avenue.
NeUon Trades and Labor Council—F. Poseril,
Box 674.
New Westminster Trades and Labor Connell
—W. Yatee, Box 1021.
Prinoe Bupert Trades and Labor Council—
Geo. Waddell, Box 462.
Revelstok* Trades and Labor Oouncll—Phil
Parker, Box 468.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Connell—Victor R. Midgley, Room 910, Labor Tempi*.
Victoria   Trades   and   Labor   Connell—Ben
Simmons, Box 802,
Calgary Trade* and Labor OaaneU—J-   E.
Young, Box 1404. ,
Edmonton  Tradss  and  Labor CanneU—A.
Farmilo. Box 1488.
Lethbridge  Trades  and Labor Council—H.
Morris, 226—14th atnet north.
Medicine Hat Tradea and Labor Council,—
B. W. Bellamy, Box 765.
Moose Jaw Trades and Labor Council—R.
H. Chadwick, Box 1817.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—H.
D. Davis, 676—5th St. B.
Reglna   Trades   and   Labor   Council—John
Hobson, Labor Temple, Oiler Btreet.
Saskatoon Trades aud Labor Couneil—J. D.
Wallace. 212—81st St. W.
Transcona Trades and Labor Council—John
Weir, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Couneil—R. A
Rigg, M. P. P., Room 14, Laber Temple.
Brantford Trades and Labor Council—A. G.
Brown.  R. R. No. 5.
Fort William Trades and Labor Counoll—S.
P. Speed, 510 N. Bndla St.
Guelph   Tradea   and Labor Connell—Tho*.
Hall, 80 Kathleen atreet.
Hamilton Trades and Labor Council—W. R,
Rollo,  Box  838.
Kingston Trades and Lsbor Connell—W. J,
Driscoll, 112 Lo-ver Begot street.
Kitchener  Trades   and   Labor  Counoll—U.
Strub, Weber Apartment*, Young St.
London Trades snd Labor Council—J, Com*
mlnga, 7 Adelaide St., Chelsea Green.
Niagara Falls Trades and Labor Council—D.
Wagner, 619 Ferry etreet.
Ottawa Allied Trades aad Labor Association
—W. Lodge. Box 61.
Port Arthur Trades and Labor Connell—A.
F.  Munches,  116 Jean St.
Peterborough Tradea and Labor Connell—W.
M. Btevens, 806 Brack street.
Ssult Ste Marl* hnd Steelton Tndes Connell—J. Ramihaw, Sault Ste. Marie.
Soilth Waterloo Trades Council—A. Cralgen,
24 Eait Stmt. Gait.
St. Catharines Tradei and Labor Council—
F. Cook, 57 Geneva street.
St. Thomaa Trades and Labor Council—A.
R. Robertson, 124 Redan street.
Toronto    District    Labor Council—T.    A.
Stevenson, 24 Haielwood avenue.
Welland   Trades   and   Labor   Connell—W.
PowrU, Box 98,
Windsor Trades and Labor Couneil-—Harold
Clarke, 84 Howard avenue.
Montnal Trades and    Ubor   C*unell—0.
Francq, 9 St, Paul St. East. 1
Quebec and Uvls Tradss Council—Preeldent,
J. M. Walsh, 4 Oreamls Street, Quebec.
Bt. J**n Trades and Uhar CaaaaU—George
Smith, Bex 496.
N*» Brunriak.
Bt. Jeha Train and Ub*r Oeaoett—John
Komp, 998 Male street.
Mm Bosttt.
Amherst Trad** aad Ub*r CaaaeH—Thai.
Can, Box 991.
Halifax Trades and Leber CeatiU— ReVert
Miller, 67 Almon atreet.
Plctaa Otasty Trada* aad Uhar Council—
A. M. D* Vennney, Bex 1667 New Glasgow, N. 8.
Sydney Trades and Ubor Oouu*!i—J, A. Me-
Intyn, 80 Louisa street,
I Barbara—Cranbrook—A. H.  Bullock,  Own- J
I    brook, B, 0.
Blacksmith*—Bevehtoke—Jas. U. Goble, T.
M. 0, A. Box, Rsveletoko, B, C.
Brewery  Workers—Vaneoaver—M,  0.  Austin, 783 7th avenuo east, Vanoouver, B. 0.
Barbers—Vlotoria—G. W. Wood, 1807 Government etreet, Viotorla, B, 0,
Boiler Makers—Victoria,  A.  Stewart,  P.  O.
Box 48, Beaumont. P. 0., B. C,
i Bookbinder*—Victoria — E.    Sturgeon,    141
Eberts street, Viotorla, B. 0.
Bookbinders—Vancouver—W.  H.  Cowderay,
I    1885 84th avenue east, Vancouvor, B. 0.
Brewery   Workors—Nsw   W oBtmlnster—Jas.
A. Mnnday, 884 Colombia street east, New
Weatminster. B. C.
Brewery   Worsen — Viotorla — A.   Morgan,
Ubor Temple. Vlotoria,
Boiler Makera-rBavelstoke—-G. W. Edwards.
P, 0. Box 188, Rovelstoke, B. 0.
U.    B.    Carpenten — Viotorla — Secretary,
Ubor Hall, Victoria, B. 0.
A. 8. U. B. Carpenters—Viotorla—J. Uy,
P. 0. Box 770, Victoria, B. 0.
U, B, Carpenten—Prinoe Bupert—F. Salter.
P. 0. Box 894, Princ* Rupert, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—Robt, Jardlne, P.
0. Box 1006, Nelson, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenter*—Nelson—G. Truer, P. O.
Box 264,.Nelson, B. 0.
U- B. Carpenten—Trail—F. CanneU, Trail,
,    B. 0.
Cigarmakers—Vancouver—R. H. Craig, 418
I    Georgia atnet west, Vancouver, B. C.
Olvlo Employee*—G. Harrison, 1488 IKtohen*
er stnet
Eleotrleal Workers—Vanconver—E. H. Morrison, Ubor Temple, Vaneonver, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Prince Rupert—8. Mas-
soy, P. 0. Box 044, Princo Rupert, B. 0.
Electrical Worken—Victoria—W. Reld, 680
Ceoilla nad, Victoria, B, 0.
Flsh Packers—Prince Rupert—Seoretary, F.
,     W. Grimble. P, 0. Box 1686.
Garment   Workon—Vancouver—Mn.   Helen
I    Jardine, Ubor Temnle.
Uboren—Victoria—T. Llddard, 1088 Queen*
Utter Carrlen—Viotorla—0.  Siverts,  127S
Denman street, Vlotoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Victoria—Frank  Varney, P.
0. Box 1816, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos. Nixon, 10
Powell street, Vaneonver, B. C,        c
Longshoremen—Prince Rupert—F. Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 681, Prinoe Rupert, B. 0.
Moving   Picture   Operaton—Vanconver—H.
0. Roddan, 3547 McKensle etreet, Vancou*
I    ver. B. 0.
i Machinists—Vancouver—J. H, McVety, Labor
I    Temple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Machinists—New Westminster—J. M. HeUl-
sen. 711 Foarth avenue.
Machinist*—Revelstoke—Phil, Psrker, Revelstoke.
Machinists—Cranbrook—W. Henderson, P. 0.
,    Box 827.
Machinists—Victoria—R.   H.   Scholes,   3780
Fifth atreet. ■'
Moulders—Victoria—J.  Daken,  P. 0.  Box
Moulders—Vancouver—W.   H.   Cooke,   661
Sixth avenue east, Vancouver, B. C.
Painters—Victoria—J. Beckett, Labor  Hal),
Paper   Maken—Powell   River—J.   E.   Me
Grath, Powell River, B, 0.
Pattern Makers—Victoria—Geo. T. Murray,
1141 Oscar street, Viotorla, 0. 0.
Pattern   Maken—Vanoouver—E.  Westmore*
I    land, 1512 Yew street, Vancouver. B. 0.
Plumbers—Vancouver—H. Mundell, P, 0. Boat
I    1181, Vancouver, B. 0.
Plumbers—Victoria—J. Fox, Ubor Temple,
Vietoria, B. 0.
Retail Clerk*—Prinoe Rupert—Secretary, J.
M. Jones, P. 0. Box 1640.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Vleorla—E. Pilling,
816 Jessie stnot, Victoria.     , ,
Bro.   Railway   Capnen—Ravebtoke—Harry
Pawns, Revelstoke, B. 0.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Nelson—C. H. Phillips, P. 0. Box 908, Nelion, B. 0.
Sheet   MeUI   Workers—Victoria—G,   Knh*
ling, 1083 Richmond anna*, Victoria, B.O.
Steam and Opsntlng Englnsen—W. A. Alexander, Room 816, Ubor Tempi*.
Steam Engineer*—vietoria—J. Aymer, F. O.
Box 63. Vietoria. B. a
Steam Englneera—Prinoe Rupert—SecreUry,
F. W. Chandler, P. 0. Box 790.
Stage Employe**—Victoria—L. D, Foxgord,
1880 Grant stmt.
Btreet Railway Employee*—Vlotoria—R. A.
0. Dtwar, 1987 Johnson straet, Vlotoria,
B. 0.
Stnet   Railway  Employees—New  Westminster—806  London stmt,  N*w Weetmin*
eter, B. 0.
.ToamsUrs*   Caion—Rosiland—Soontary,  0.
Msrrlik, P. O. Box 668.
Teamsters'  Uni*n—Fernle—I.  Patsnen, P.
I    0. Box 661. Fernle, B, 0.
.Trades Council—Vancouver—V. R, Mldgley,
Ubor Tempi*, Vancouver.
Tnd** Counoll—Vietoria—B. Simmons, P. 0.
I    Box 803, Vletorl*, B. 0.
Trades Connell —New Wsetmlniter — W.
Yates, 806 London street. New Westminster, B. 0.
Tailors—Victoria—B, 0. Christopher, P. 0.
,    Box 867, Victoria. B. 0.
Til* Layera—Victoria—T. King, P. 0, Box
1    1313, Victoria, B. 0.
Typographical Union—Prince Rnpert—A. 0.
Franks, P. 0. Box 1031, Prince Rnpert,
B. 0
Typographical Union—Vernon—W. B. Billiard, Vernon, B. 0.
Tradee Couneil — Prinoe Rnpert —W, E.
Thompson, P. 0. Box 168, Prince Rupert,
B. 0.
United Mln* Worken—J. Naylor, Box 889,
Cumberland. B. 0.
United Mine Worken—H. Beard, Michel, B.
United Mine Workers—Thoi. France, Drawer '
829. Fernie, B. 0.
United Mine Worken—A. McLellan, Nanalmo, B. 0., Jtnxl* Pot Mine.,
United Mln* Worken—Geo. Gold, Lsdysmlth,
Unltetl Mine Workers—A. Dean, P. 0. Bo*
768, Nanalmo. B. 0.
United   Mine   Worken — James   Bateman,
South Wellington, B, 0.
United Mln* Workers—Brunno Kasrro, Boln*
tula, B. 0.
Metalliferous Mlnen and Smelter Worken*
Union— _ _
W. B, Melsaae, P. 0. Box 606, Tmlr, B. 0.
W. A. Mowlds, P. 0. Box 27. Stewart. B.O.
Albert Goodwin. P. 0. Box 96, Trail, B. 0.
P. J, McKinnon, VanAnda, B, 0.
H. McKensle, Box K, Sandon, B. 0.
P. Ulbscher, Silverton, B. 0.
W. Smith, P. 0. Box 994, Phoenix, B. 0.
0. 0. Manhall, P. 0. Box 491, Rowland,
B. 0.
•Roy Bureb, Moyle, B. 0. -'i
D. Wiseman, Klmberley. B. 0. '
W. Grew**, P. 0. Box 876, Hedley, B. 0.
Manas Martin, P. 0. Box 106, Nelion,
B. 0.
W. Lakeland, P. 0. Box 194, Oreenwood,
8. 0.
Pnsldent—Samuel Gompen. Washington, D.
C; Clgarmaken International anion.
First vice-president—Jamei Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.; GranlU Cutters' International
Second vice-president—Jamos O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C; International Aiioclatlon of MaohlnliU.
Third vice-president—W. D. Mahon, Chicago,
. 111.   Street Railway Employees' union.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentin* of
Cincinnati; Molders' anion of North
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'lmbers.
Sixth vice-president—H. B. Psrhsm, St.
Unls; Order of Railway Telegraphers.
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, India-
napolli; United Brothorhood of Carpenten.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workers,
Treasurer—John B. Lonnon, Bloomlngton,
111.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secretary—Frank Morrison, Washington, D.
0.; International Typographical union.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meets In convention September ot
each year, Execntive board; Ja*. 0. Watten,
president; vice-presidents: A. Watchman, Victoria, B. 0.: James Simpson, Toronto, Ont,;
R, A, Rigg, M, P. P., Winnipeg, Man-; secre*
tary-treaiurer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 615, Ot*
tawa, Ont. '
Plcaie remember that no letter
acknowledgment of subscript
tlons or renewals ars made.
The addrea* label on your
paper carries the data to which
your subscription Is paid, If,
after forwarding monies to this
office, - the correct change In
your label data 1* uot made,
notify a* at one*. When you
hav* a kick to mak* regarding ■
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
lead It to this office—not to
the other fellow. Thus yon
will get matter* adjusted, and
we'll all be happy,
B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple,
Vaneouvar, B. 0. FBIDAT...
...June 15, 1917
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EMPRESS THEATRE | ed he, would be the same after tho war sianl militarism does not interfere with
MEETING OP JUNE 13 ■»» *-"»*ore, unless they would »co a little our trado," a high official in the British
  clearer where they stood, and would, parliament said recently, and in quoting
Continued from page 1 ■*■•• *•><• future, make it itapossiblo for that remark, the speaker told his hear-
 —  the masters to crowd the slave to flght' ers that it ahowod plainly what was the
"Don Quixote" Bethune. for the control of spheres of influence, j underlying   principle  of   the   present
"I have no use for the kind of talk- "•"« Socialist Party of Canada refuses world struggle.   Several other quota-
ing patriotism whieh stays at home and .'."J?" int0 "" ***■:>    mi.tho speaker.; tionB bearing on the issue wero riven,
exhorts another
ing," said he,
•o into this fight,
ier to go and do the flght* Thw*' are orueades against working j after which Mr. l'ritchard remarked
,uS, =tt.u ui, "and in this regard let class oonditiona to^which tho workers .that when the history was told in cold
me point out an instance of this class w be Sjod '" 8° f" I'roud lo fl8ht <"•* bloodless language, trade lay at the
in the shape of ex-Mayor Bethune. I for> """.this war against thc capitalist,bottom of all the wars and no interests
understand that this gallant gentleman .■V"**™ }> °™ *° tie knifo. We are. of the working class were in any of
 -    • ' '""- *•—-'■- in i ^—:    Any liberty obtained had only
attacked   an   inoffensive   cotton   sign ll0P"1B tm *•"> tim* w1"-*- tre will have
which was being taken through  the e»ou8*» with «» *•> Pf "n't us to meet
streets advertising this meeting today. tJ»*»P**taliBt*on equal terms, then they
Alone and unaided he did it, this mod* *}M,hsye a "8**',.?nd _° 8ha11 b8 g-*-d
ern Don Quixote, who should be usine t0 "*• P"!' -wh,n ™" ttme *"»»e***
!.:„ i.- A . ,_ *i._ * i._? ex.Mnvor   Bl
Don't let your
teeth go out "on strike"
AS workingmen you know that propor treatment by your
employers is essential to good work.  If they don't give
you a "square deal" you go on striko.
Give Your Teeth a "Square Deal"
THEY, work for you. Your hoalth depends on their being
in proper condition. If you negloct them, they'll go on a
strike, and you will suffer pain and your genoral health will
Let me examine your teeth. In a few moments I can tell
you Just what should be done to put them ln iuch order as
will give them the "square deal" yon expect from your employer.
ror tha beneat of
worklngman, my of.
flea la open Tueaday
and Friday evenings.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
Oor. Seymour.
fhona Say. 3831
Tou ean arrange for
an  appointment  for
examination hy
Dependable Paints   9§
—FOB—                               ^_W%i\
Spring Painting     T^
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When you get tired hunting for
socialist news in capitalist papers,
subscribe for Tht Milwaukee
Leader, the big socialist daily.
Samples on request. Milwaukee,
Tha Daily Milwaukee Leader aad
The Federationlet, one year, 91.00,
Out-of.town readers of The
Federationist can easily help to
increase tho usefulness of this
paper by patronizing its advertisers, when they do any shopping.
Evory trades unionist should
mention Tho Federationist to its
advertisers when dealing with
them.   Coats little; helps a lot.
his bravery and energy in the trenohes,
instead of attacking an inanimate object such as a cotton sign."
Property the Stoke.
Resuming his discourse, Comrade La-
fenux said that if the present was believed by a man to be a war for the
protection of small nations, or of wo*
men and children, then that man should
go and should be out fighting in it. According to his idea, the war, was one in
which the proporty rights were at stake
and that person having no proporty
riffht, was not oonsidored. "We are
called upon,to go out as did the old
Crusaders, and we are told we aro to
rescue the Belgians from the grasping
clutches of the murdering Huns.
At the time of the Belgian atrocities
in the Congo, I do not remember any
similar crusade having been carried out
to rescue the natives who were being
burnt and mutilated by the Belgians."
Further, the speaker pointed out to
his audience, that all wars had the same
after results, the South African war resulting in the Chinamen getting the
jobs, and the white men having to beat
it. "Tell me," he asked, "if Belgium
is rescued from the Germans, will it be
given to the workingman of Belgium?
Does Canada or the United States belong to the worker? No. It belongs to
the C. P. B.s, the C. N. B's., the Rockefellers and the Morgans of those countries."
The Function of the State.
The state, ho said, was nothing more
than the executivo of tho master c1obb
to protect their property rights, the
worker having no say in tho matter. Tho
latter got just enough as a result of his
labor to provide him with eats. Tho
present question was one which was a
matter of' life and death to some who
were prosent at the meeting, the speaker said, and that they should be com*
polled to go out and fight and die without investigating the proposition, wob
preposterous. It was folly to allow sentiment and patriotism or hysterical loyalty, which would not bear scientific in-
vestiagtion, to lead them into death
by what was practically suicide.
The Place for "Patriots.1
If tho patriots want to get into the
jackpot of Europo, they can do so,"
said he. "But there is no reason in
tho world why those who do not foel
that way should go. If thoso who go to
fight, go and dio in the belief that they
are taking part in a groat struggle for
the rescue of Belgium, and the uplift
of the whole world, then they die a
glorious death."
No ono, said tho speaker, wanted to
stop tho man who wanted to go to
fight. Let him go. Thero were a lot
who should go, and whom the workera
would liko to seo mako tho trip; ho had
already inontioned some of thorn.
The Stokehole.
"Wo are told we must go and kill tho
mombers of the working clnss who op-
poso us," ho remarked, "but really we
arc taking a vory good chance of getting killed ourselves. Tho fact that tho
Gorman working class or tho Belgian,
fighting at the behest of thoir mastors,
are desirous of doing so, does not affect
tho point of view so fnr as wo are concerned. Tho working class of Germany
may not be clnss conscious, and wo say
that no matter what flag wo live under,
we are slaveB in human society and we
will not go out nnd give up our lives in
the quarrel botween two master classos
who arc fighting for proporty rights.
Thoy toll us of our ships, when in reality tho only placo wo have on them is
tho stokehole, and when wo die in it,
we aro dumped overboard with scant
The Workers Crusade.
Tho positions of the workors, continu-
Trades Unionists!
Rally  to  the Support
of the City Firemen!!!
ON JUNE 20 a plebiscite poll of Vanconver property owners is to he
taken to decide whether the firemen shall continue to work 21 hours
per day for six days of each week, or under the Two-platoon System,
which provides for the men working in two shifts, a day shift of ten
hours, and a night shift of 14 hours.
If every workingman who owns property in Vancouver will make a special point to get to the polls and vote for the measure, with the support
already assured, the proposal will be carried.
It is in the hands of thc workingmen property owners that the decision
rests. At by-elections you usually neglect to go to the polls. Get there
this time.
A 21-Hour working day Is against the spirit of common hamrnlty, Lahor has long
ago struck a body tyow at auch working conditions.
Do Your Duty on June 20
Much ado has been mado as to the enorinou additional cost of this system. As a
matter of fact, the Increase will be only 26 cents per Sisoo of assessed valuation for
this year and E0 cents for a full year,       '   *
Vote " YES " on the Plebiscite
ex-Mayor Bethune will have a real
chance to show his bravery. We are
looking to the time,when we can take;
do you hear that, Take, tke* mnchinery
of production from the capitalist class,
but we will let them go easyily, for we
will not tax them for the generations of
slaves they have exploited. That is
war. Is it not!" he asked, and the au*
dience ehered to the echo.
'' As to this war, which is being
waged in Europo,".said he, "wo absolutely refuse to go. We protest against
conscription, for we have nothing to
protect. We will only fight in a cIiibs
war against the grievances of the workers, and against their exploitation by
the capitalists, and when the time
conies for that fight, we will be there."
Let the Warmakers Do It.
B. P. Fettpiieoe. the next speaker,
waB brief but to the point in nis remarks. He reminded his hearers that
he had. made history, aad almost gained
fame away back in' 1906, when at the
convention of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada, held in Victoria,
he had moved the shortest resolution on
record, namely: "Resolved, That those
who create war shall do thoir own fighting?" He adhered to that at the present time. In 1906 the people wero not
so particular, but that resolution had
formed the basis for the position of
Congress on the war subject sinco. He
was pleased that it was possible to hold
a meeting such as the one he was addressing, and informed his hearers thnt
it was in the interests of juat such democracy that ho waa prosent. "There
is no question as to the power of the
working class," said he. "The street
railwaymen's strike is a lesson showing
that. All the workers have to do is to
'do nothing,' and that will provide a
solution for all their difficulties. If it
had not been that the collosal stupidity
of his clasB had made war possible, tho
worker could wash his hands nnd lay
down on the ,job, but a large numbor
of workers had lam down their lives;
many of those enlisting for no other
reason than to provide food for their
wivoa and families; My position is that
wo are into this thing, and I want to
boo a proposition whereby the working
class can come out winners. The workers make all things possible, and ought
to have the solution to the problem.
Tho idea of the soldiers over there is
that they are in a job which they have
to clean -up, but believe me, tney all
feel that when the war is ovor, they
will have anothor cleaning up to do in
Workera to right and Fay.
The speaker exprossed the opinion
thnt if the soldiers wero paid a fair
wages there would be no scarity of men,
and remarked that a proposal had been
put forward at Ottawa, by Mr, Bickor*
dike to tho effect that $2.25 bo paid,'
instead of the prosent $1%10. He alao
commented on the fact that tho government of Canada had never asked thc
opinion of tho workingmen or their representatives on the question of conscription, tho laboring class being called
upon to do tho fighting and paying,
keeping the pntriotic fund going and
being silent. "If thoy pass n law conscripting all wealth along with the manpower, thero might be somo merit to
their position. If I felt they wore going to bring about tho now social order,
I do not know but whut I would consider it a good bnrgain, and a splendid
legacy to be handed to coming gene™
tions, oven if it did cost a few lives. It
is no uso just balking and saying, 'wo
won't do it.' The proposition outlined
wns perfectly safe to make, as thero
would be no B. T. RogerB or Bob Kelly's
rushing to tako it up. Thero arc men
needed to stay at homo to look after the
mon who return," said he, continuing
with a direct challenge to B. T. Rogers.
"Listen," said the spenker. "I will
enlist as Boon as B. T. Rogers will do
so. That is a fair bargain, is it not?
I have as much at stake in this country
as he has, and I mako that proposition
to him. If tho govornment refuses tho
proposal of tho people, thon I hope the
littlo 'down tools' stunt of tho B. C. E.
R. men will be enacted throughout Canada."
Returned Soldiers Are Wise.
Continuing, the speaker said tho returned soldiers were wise to conditions,
and knew what they had to do noxt,
and if they could bo banded together,
the result would be certain, while tho
womon of the country could also help
greatly in improving condition. "I
was talking to a returned soldier who
had come through from coast to coast,"
he said, "and he assured me tbat from,
St. John to Victoria the feeling was
that if the government went to tho
country on this bill, it would go down
to certain defeat, and that man know.
In conclusion,  Mr.   Pettipiece  said:
If wo arc to conserve some of tho
little bit of liborty and democracy
which our fathers won for ub, we must
compel tho government to sook real action on this issuo, then you will seo the
most scared-looking lot of capitalists
throughout the country you ovor saw,
and you may win out, thereby effecting
some good for the working class in thc
long run."
The Golden Eggo.
W. A. Prltchard thon delivered a telling address, in which he agroed with
the previous speakers in that thero was
no stopping-off plnco betwoen the two
positions, cither for or against the government's move. If the control of tho
master class was to be recognized, it
must also bo recognized that thoy had
tho control of the people who operated
tho mnchinery of production. As tho
workers produced wealth, tho capitalists consumed it. "There is more truth
thnn fiction in that old fable of the
goose nnd tho golden eggs," he declared, "nnd it docs not havo to bo changed
to fit the working class," j
Wealth was not produced cithor in
Canada or Germany, for human needs,
but for sale, and the politicians who
donounced everything German should
remember thnt they went thero ovon for
the makings of their Workmen's Compensation Act. He then quoted from
high authorities in the British Empire
to thc effect thnt every war waged by
Grent Britain, was n wnr fought out
practically on economic issues. Human
society, he assured tho audience, wus
divided into two groups, those who produced, nnd those who possessed; the onc
worked and did not live, tho other lived
and did not work.
Same Old Sham.
This war is to extinguish Prussian
militarism, and to see to it that Prus-
been got as" a result of long andcontinii.
oub struggle and culture under capitalism was the same tyrannical thing,
made up of sham and hypocrisy. TaJ-
ing statistics in connection with the
condition of the workers, the speaker
said Ohas. Booth discovered that out of
the population of London, one in four
were destined to end their dayB in the
jail as criminals or in the charity hospital or workhouse, whilo Lloyd George
had stated that 33 1-3 per cent, of tne
working class lived on the verge of
The Real Bone of Contention.
The wealth stolen from the workers
was the bone of contention, and when
there was two dogs quarrelling over one
bone, thero was bound to be a flght for
it. "The workingman Ib conscripted
bofore he receives his pay envelope.
He is given just onough to keep his
body going from day to day. They are
trying at Ottawa to keep the returned
soldiers from getting together to form
associations to better their condition,
despite the fact that these men have
fought gallantly in defense of what
they thought was right, said he.
"Quite recently a prominent man remarked that the employer who had got
■used to female labor, would not want to
go back to employing men who had been
rendered less fit through their services
to the Empire."
Again citing an authority on criminology, Mr. Pritchard said: "War is
caused by the desire of the capitalists
to place their oxtra wealth in countries
where capital has not yet penetrated.
If the dwellerB in those countries objected, or if another nation coveted the
place, what was the inevitable result?
Army a Police Force.
Listen and see what militarism has
to do with your right to live, said he,
quoting from the book. "The army
serves not only to act againBt foreign
powers, but has a domestic duty to fulfill. When the police fail the army
must be activo at times of great strikes,
whon freo labor must be protected."
Continuing, the speaker aaid that if
proletarian Russia became strong
onough to constitute a menace to militarism, the latter would immediately lay
itself out to wipe out that proletariat,
ns happened in France in the bygone
Liberty by Buckshot.
Mr| Pritchard thon produced a blue
print of the Winchester Small Repeating Arms Co. 's premiaoB, which he said
was produced for thc purpose of showing how the guards could be placed in
case of labor troublos in the plant. Attached was a circular lotter relating to
a gua made by the company for the express purpoao of quelling strikers, the
rnnge being short, thereby eliminating
any poaaibflity of porBons at a distance
boing killed. The advertisement stated
thnt whon loadod with buckshot, it
formed a valuable weapon nt short
range, and further enlarged upon the
many points in favor of the weapon for
uso agninBt the workingman who dared
to aspire to propor treatment at the
hands of tho slave driver.
Winding up his speech, which wns
full of intorost, Mr. Pritchard said tho
socialists wero in the struggle until tho
end of all industrial endeavor, and
thero waB only one sido to the issue ns
far ns they wero concornod. The B. C.
E. R. men had shown tho great power
of labor. "Thore is a call to war,"
said he, "and to this war the Socialist
Pnrty of Canada calls you all, for it is
a war for tho wiping out of all conditions which make war poaBiblo, a war
ngainst those who fatten and batton on
the bodios of tho workers."
The politicnl and mental prostitutes,
both of the pulpit and the proas only
appear groat becnuso the workor ia
grovelling on hia knees in the mud and
mire, but the time is coming when tho
slave will riso in his might and become
a man.
How the Slave Is Shackled.
Mr. Kingsley 'a address bristled with
points, and nil wero woll mndo, tho audience showing its appreciation of the
facts as presonted in no uncertain man-
nor. Ho opened by roferring to tho
matter of the Winchester short rango
gun, remarking that a long range one
might possibly reach out aad kill ono
of tho fattened capitalists. As to tho
war, he said: "There never was a war
but which had sprung from economic
sources, and never a slavo waB shackled save under forco of the bayonet,
club or gun. There is no such a thing
as property, save only tho human animal, which toils ond sweats to produco
the wealth and is then robbed of it.
All the military is for is to protect tho
mastor, who rules and robs that slave.""
Why Oonscription?
"One argument," he said, "uBed by
tho capitalists to justify conscription,
was that we had to win or got off the
earth, but in viow of tho fact that tho
population of tho Entente Allies was
about ono billion as ngainst 105,000,-
000 for tho Central European powors,
thoro wub no possibility of losing. It
wns not nccossary to conscript tho men
of Cnnada.
"Again," ho said, "I havo it on
good nuthority, that there are at present in Groat Britain four million soldiers, who hnvo nevor yet been to
Frnnce. Now. what is tho meaning of
that? And what doos this conscription
measure signify?. There ia some roason
which thc politicians dare not give, for
thoy know that if thoy did, thoy would
not got a man to favor it."
Prussianising Amerlrc.
The president of tho United Statea
next came in for some hnndling by the
spenker, who pointed out that by bringing in a conscription measuro through
congress, the president hnd become |
equally autocratic with the kaisor, also
proving to his hearers that Mr. Wilson
had no power or nuthority to take such
"The countries whihe wont to Gor-
mnny for thoir Workmen's Compensation bill did not forget to take a pattern from the greatest form of autocracy the world has over aeon," he
snid, "and if the citizens of the United
States stand for it, they deserve all
they get."
In Canada, the apcakor pointed
out, conditions wero much the same.
The government was legally dead, and
was not authorized to impose upon the
public a militnry regime.
"Wo havo militarism in its incipient
stage now," said he, "as witness thc
island trouble nnd tho Fraser fishermen's trouble of some timo ago, but
wait till an army of many thousands
has boen built up, drilled by their officers and the workers will have something on thoir backs they will not be
Yesl It's a Fact-
Vinolia Castile Soap
Thrifty shoppers will lay in a supply and* put it on one
side for future use—for soap prices are advancing and will go
higher yet. /
Vinolia Castile Soap is one of the most popular soaps on the
market. It's pure—lathers freely and is economical. We
bought 100 cases before the reoent advinoe in price, and we
will give our patrons the benefit of our foresight.
23c a bar
3 bars for 63c
pBudsonsBouCompanji. M
i-Ataam-na  i»»     asasm i maaamtOa. ttamt sam____ m    (NSt)
Granville and Georgia Streete
able to throw off. Little enough has
been gained by the workers in their
past struggle, but it is far too much to
be surrendered in any war. for if once
lost, it will never be got back. What
we have we should hold."
Some Slave History,
He then traced the history of chattel
slave of the past to the workers of the
present age, whom the powers were trying to force back to their original state,
and remarked that it was against this
movement that the workers were fighting.
"When the masters declare their
deep solicitude for democracy, I know
they lie, and do it deliberately,'' he declared. "President Wilson is an adept
at the greasy methods, but when a man
will usurp power and authority, as he
has done, the truth iB not in him, or
within a million miles of him. Conscription is an excuse for militarism,
and the men would eventually be ranged up around the manufacturing plants
with their short range guns.
"Listen," he said, "you men who
admire the soldiers as they march down
the streets. Remember always that those
guns will be pointed at your breast,
and at the breasts of your wives and
children. While no military system
arose from the army of the civil war,
which was probably the nearest approach to a democratic army, the Spanish war had produced a soldier of the
hoodlum claas, which existed today.
This type would nearly push pedestrians
off the sidewalk, something whieh tbe
speaker said ho had witnessed In Vancouver within recent times.
TJ. B. Military Type.
"There exists today in the United
States officers of the same type of military ruffian and bloodthirsty scoundrel
as in Germany, all they need being the
'von' in front of their names."
"Anv country dominated by militarism will slide into despotism,'' he said,
'' The soldiers trained -undor the banner
of Britain will go to do just what their
masters toll them, because they are not
yet es far advanced as the workingman
of Bussia.   If sent to Russia, in caae of
rebellion of workers, I should be
greatly surprised if they did not firo on
thoir kind at the word of command."
The Decent Fart.
Continuing, Mr. Kingsley said there
was only ono decent portion of society
today, and that was tbe working class,
the goose which did tho golden egg
trick. All these were not decent, howover, somo of thc eggs boing sadly
addled, which accounted for the fact
that nine-tenths of the strike-breakers
and soldiers were recruited from the
ranks of the workers.
In his closing remarks, the speaker
said: "Unless this bill is submitted to
the electorate, and they decide to have
it, we say right here and now, that we
will 'lay down our tools, and wo will'
not take them up until you take this
thing off our backs.' I offer you this
prophecy," ho aaid in conclusion,
"that out of the turmoil and strife aad
tempest of this war will rise in every
country a revolutionary movement of
the proletariat which will sweep the
master class and like robbers off the
face of the earth within the next two
decades, for whatever else the war has
done, it has at least cleared the stage
of a lot of rubbish and pointed the
way to the possibility of a world without masters and without slaves."
Crimes Against Criminals.
This is the title of a lecture to be delivered by Dr. Jordan, before- the Juve* p
nile Protection association, at   lta re-'
quest, on Tueaday evening next, June
19th, at 8 o'clock sharp, in the eity
As the subject is of the greatest importance, and aa it is dealt with ln a
masterly fashion by Dr. Jordan, who ia
himself deeply interested in the re-
claimotion and regeneration of the so-
called unfit and incompetent; aU read- *
ers of thiB paper, are earnestly invited
to attend and lend encouragement by
their presence to the ladies and gentlemen engaged in the meritorious work
of salving human derelicts.
Sotae years ago a union man was
tried in a court of London, England,
for intimidating a "scab" for going to
work on a strike job. In summing up
the case against the prisoner, the prosecuting counsel said:
1' According to these unionists a scab
is to his trade what a traitor is to Us
country; and though both may be use*
ful to one party in troublesome timet,
when peace returns they are detested
alike by all; bo, when help is needed a
Bcab is the last to contribute assistance
and the first to grab a benefit he never
labored to secure. He cares only for
himself, but he sees not beyond the
extent of a day, and for monetary and
worthless approbation would betray his
friends, his family and his country. In
short, he ia a traitor on a small scale,
who first sells his fellow-men and is
himself afterward sold in his turn by
his employer, until at laat he is despised
by both and deserted by all. He is an
enemy to himself, to the present age,
and to posterity.".
A number of communications have
ben held over this week. More pressing news of local labor activities has
monopolised all the space available.
The undersigned will receive separate tenders up until 2 p.m. June 26th, 1917, for the
supply of
One hundred (100) cords (128 Cubic
Feet) of tcreen body fir wood.
Fifty (SO) cords to bo delivered at ths
Old People's Home, Union and Boundary
Streets, and Fifty (50) cords to the Isolation Hospital, Slocan Stroet and 21st Avenue.
Further particulars may bo obtained at
my office.
City Purchasing Agent.
Vancouver Labor Temple is the busiest place ia British Columbia these
days. The streetrallway employees, of
course, hold first placo. The best of
good feeling obtains, but a moro determined bunch of mon does not exist.
Opposite X*bor TimpU
Headquartera for Labor man.   Bate
7Se and  |1.00 par day.
•2.50 per weak aad ap.
Oafs, a* Busonabls RaUi.
Refined Servioe
Ob. Block weat of Court Hoom.
Uie of Mod.™ Chapel aad
Funeral Ptrlora free to all
Telephone Sermon SOS
Phone Sey. 2207.
Iceless Refrigerators
Tho kind that overy union man
Bhould have. Simplicity, efficiency npd
economy corabinod with a money saver
are tho principal features of
:     ::   670 Richards Street
1 lb. TINS
AU Erapreas product, bave behind
then, our "Satisfaction or Honey Back"
e new  pack  will   on the mnrkct  June  20.
Ask your Grocer for it
If ho don't hnve it, wc will consider it a favor
if you will notify ub,  ■
Empress Manufacturing Co.
Good teeth mean health
Health means working power
As workingmen, it don't pay you to lay off work, especially in theBe days of the high cost of living. Tour health is
of first importance just now.
Keep your teeth in order. Your health depends largely
upon their being able to do their work properly.
Neglect them, and you will pay the penalty in pain and
suffering such ob will cause you to lose time, Your general
health will also be affected, as it has been proven that
"tooth trouble" often leads to such complaints as rheumatism, neuritis, eye trouble, etc.
Don't neglect your teeth. . You can't afford to.
I will make a thorough examination of your teeth and advise you as to what should be done for them. In coming to
my office, I can assure you of good work at the most reasonable charges possible for proper materials and the highest
Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dunemulr Private entrance
Phons Ssy. 3314.
Arrange with dental
nurse   for   an   ap-
Let Us Supply Your
Because we have thousands of suits to select from in our
two stores, and you are sure to find the material and pattern
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As for thc fit, leave that to us. Our own tailors give you
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Then, as to style, we have the conservative Sack, the Form-
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The price is what will appeal to you most forcibly, not because it is low in itself, but because it denotes values that cannot be duplicated. ,'';
•--' Your Honey's Worth or Your Honey Back.
' 2 Big Stores for Men
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ua yaar'a inscription to Tke B.
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Semi-ready quality
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These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a' Semi-ready Suit or Overcoat.
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Sole Agents for Vancouver
"Uneasy lies thc head that wears a crown."
Not so with the head that wears a Richardson & Potts' Panama
or Straw Hat.
Our Panamas or/, genuine "Ecuadorian"—shapes and* styles
for all thc ages of man, $6.00 and up.
A swell stock of Straw Hats, too—plain or fancy, $1.60 to $6
The Richardson & Potts fitting se—rvice with any hat.
417 OranviUe Street, near Corner Hastings
Broadway Theatre
JUNE 18,19 and 20
Oomt •Mir, m ma h*v* Ml? 1000 Mate, and wo cannot Mat 1800
What Position Must tbe Workingman
Take with Regard to This
World Catastrophe?
Editors. C. Federationist: In approaching a subject like this which af-
fectB hundreds of thousands of workingmen, I cannot help but feel the delicacy of my position, and I trust that
whatever I aay will be taken by thc
reader as being done with a worthy object. In these days when blood of our
btart and bravest Ib running in countless
streams, when the agonized cry of
broken-hearted wives, mothers, fathers
nnd children are, as it were, rending the
skies, the call comes clear and strong to
the workingmen of our land to consider
their position as possible rulers of it,
and being as the present rulers cannot
control the situation, to evolve a process by which the joy and comfort of
living in peace with one another may
be attained, i The situation which will
have to be faced by every nation when
detnocrucy comes to its own is onc of
the gravest. \I know year condition; I
have worked with you by the month
for little moro than just enough to live
on, and watched the capitalist go by in
his new auto, which has been purchased
by money which, if every man had n
just reward for his labor, would be resting in the pockets of some of his workingmen. This man is still going to ride
in his auto and supply his family with
the fruits of life, while I hnve got to
leave my wife and children to be provided for (if food prices are not controlled and wealth conscripted), by a
patriotic society whose funds nre found
by the workingman, plus the crumbs
that fall from the rich man's table. I
object to robbing the workingman who
ean ill-afford to give (considering the
present price of foodstuffs) of the food
that should go to his wife and children.
There iB^ot the slightest danger of me
trying to run from doing my duty. If
conscription passes, over to France I
go. No sane toan would Btand for German domination. The state of Germany is just the outcome of its scientific business system, the weakest to the
wall, until the controlling influence gets
into the hands of a few who count it
glory, to see hundreds of thousands
slain, in order to add a few acres to
their country or a few dollars to their
purse. What are we going to do about,
this? The very system that has created
a domineering Germany, are we to allow it to haVe full sway lftjef If our
lives are to be sacrificed fighting Germans, is the same system going to cast
our wives and children on the streets
after we are dead and gone? Let ub
take a lesson from Russia, There ia
something noble about the appeal she
made to Great Britain. Russia, wants
peace without annexation, a chance to
enjoy the liberty which she has often
dreamed about but never had an opportunity to realize until now. In the
first years of the war they, by bravery
unexcellod in the annals of history,
fought the modern machine guns with
sticks and stones. Their bones are
strewing the Masurian plains, and the
bleak cold mountains and valleys of the
Carpathians. The present Russian army
is composed of citizens. The paid army
of czardom is a thing of the past. The
great shame of thiB war is that I am
trying to take the life a man who like
myself, does not care for killing for the
sake of killing, but would rather save
life, than destroy it. If there iB an opportunity for the nations to agree, we
must seize it. Autocracy will point to
the excesses by the peasants of Russia
at the present time; .these are no arguments against the rule by the democracy. These troubles exist chiefly because of the missions from tho Allies,
which are trying by every means possible to urge the peasants to fight, nnd
England still delays an answer to their
call.- England, the land of liberty;
these children who have just found
their freedom are calling for your aid.
Workingmen, on ub lies a great responsibility. When the testing time comes,
we may be led by leaders who will let
their enthusiasm carry them to approving of acts of violence. My advice to
you is to exercise your own individuality, and take a firm stand for law and
order. We find the authorities not
seeming to pluce any great impediment
in the way of the returned soldiers
breaking up gatherings to discuss peace,
etc. If you want to get a view of the
glory of war, juBt interview one of these
soldiers privately. I know the brains
are not all at the head of our governments. What our politicians lack is in*
dividuality and common sense methods.
These we can supply. In conclusion,
what position must  wa taket    If I
FRIDAY.... :..... june 15, 1917
Be independent!
Run Your Own
Transportation Line!
Fortunately, I havo - j,: >m stock
of the best British-mndc wheels
on hand, ready for almost immediate delivery.
Full Hne of the beat tires, cycle
accessories, to fix up tho wheel
-yo-u pulled out this morning.
Fred. Deeley
Pbone 687    968 OranviUe Stnet
We aim to furnish the bowt shoes
that money con buy for the prico
we ask.
And we believe thnt wo nre giving tho" best shoo values in tho
ai far as possible
Womens White
Silly] and Fibre
Silfc Hose
AT 50c—Women's Fibre
Silk Hose, with 12-in. ankles, double toes and
heels; has garter top; remarkable value.
AT 75o-^-Women's Fine
Thread Silk Hose, double
soles, reinforced toes and
AT $1.00—Women's Pure
Silk Hose, witb lisle reinforced toes and high spliced heels, double garter
top.   Extra value.
AT $1.00—Women's Fine
Fibre Silk Hose, with 18-
in. silk ankles, reinforced
at toes and heels, garter
AT $1.25-Women's Fine
Grade Pure Silk Hose,
heavy weave, reinforced
toes and high spliced
heels.  Special value.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closei at 8 p.m.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
In The Federationist of June 1, our
South Wellington correspondent, Walter Head, took- occasion to make an appeal for funds on behalf of that sterling
fighter in the struggle for militant
labor against its brutal rulers and mas-
terB, Comrade H. M. Fitzgerald.
"Fitz/' haB been and still Ib in the
Tranquille. sanatorium, near Kamloops.
He will probably never leave there until
called by the' grim reaper. To those
who know "Fitz." and of the splendid
work he has done on behalf of the cause
of labor in its str-jggle for emancipation from the shackles of an age-long
bondage, both mental and physical, it
will come as a plain duty to give some
little assistance towards brightening
the latter hours of one who has contributed his all and Mb best to that great
cauae. Among the responses that nave
already been hiade to Walter Head's
appeal, The FederationiBt takes pleasure in announcing thnt a complete set
of the works of William Shakespeare
has been placed with this offlce, to be
disposed of by raffle, the proceeds to
be applied to the above-mentioned purpose. The Shakespeare Bet consists of
ten volumes, gilt, neatly and elaborate*
ly bound in leather, and in an elegant
leather case. It is well worth $25.
Tickets for the raffle will be 25 centB
each, The rafflo will take place at the
tailor shop of Messrs. Perry & Dolk, in
the Labor Temple, on July 12. 191V,
The books will be on exhibition at
this office until the date of raffle. Tickets on sale here and at Mesars. Perry
& Dolk'a. Out-of-town readers may obtain tickets by writing this offlce. The
result of the raffle will be published in
The Federationist.
know anything about humanity, we
have fallen largely into a stato of indifference. If we can get enough money
and a little pleasure out of life, we are
satisfied. Now is the time to drop this
indifference. Be men and exercise the
powers with which you are gifted. This
is the day when we need men who can
be firm, just and willing to sacrifice for
the good of all. Yoa, the one thut is
reading this article, may be the one to
lead ub in the coming struggle. Let our
position be ono of constant preparation
in order thnt we may be able to do our
ahare toward the unlift of humanity.
Victoria, June 4,1917.
Continued from page 1
there it was decided to do away with
the mule-horso-power of locomotion, the
result being that Vancouver was the
first electrified street railway Bystem in
Canada. Hard times were ahead. The
real estate speculators were busy and
the company as befell the fate of individuals, came to grief. After about
three years the company went bust. The
Yorkshire Guarantee Company was
heavily Interested in the bonding of
the road, and took over the business,
after the city had turned down an offer of purchase for $350,000. Later,
the B. C. Electric Railway and Light
Company, headed by Mr. Home-Payne,
re-organized the present huge institution. Johanne Buntzen became the
new manager, and was the big man
who laid the splendid foundation of
one of the best electric railway systems per ratio in the world. His policy
was always to satisfy the citizens in
their needs of transportation and to
nt all times harmonize with the men.
'Way back in the arly nineties, after
the belt line had been built, and the
Powell street extension constructed,
things went from bad to worse, when
only three one-truck cars were operated in the city, one of the conductors
being Conductor Jeffries, wbo iB still
with the company. When the grade of
Powell Btreet was changed the initial
railway was buried and the heavier rail
wns laid for the larger cars. In 1B90'
an attempt whs made to organize a union—but grievances of thc men were
si'ttled—nnd it was not until 1898 when
tho present 100 per cont. street railwaymen's union wns organized. The
flrst president was John Pearey, the
second oldest employee of the company, and "Prince" Perry became
secretary. The present is not really
the first, strike on the road, as about
1003 one Franklin became an obnoxious Buporintendcnt, and the men went
on Btrike for half an hour. Manager
Buntzen listened to the men and Mr.
Franklin got his walking ticket.
Exorbitant Prices of Foodstuffs Bandied About and Nothing Is Done.
Any time tho city council of Vancouver comes to tho conclusion that excessive rates aro being charged for foodstuffs hore tho council itself can bring
about an investigation, according to a
letter received from Hon. T. W. Crothers, Minister of Labor. Mr. Crothers' letter stated that it had beon
said that he, us minister of labor, had
power to conduct a moro thorough in*
vestigation under oath than a .municipality. But ho could give an examiner
ull the power that could be exercised
by himself, he stated. He was prepared
to clothe examiners with accessary
powers to conduct Investigations under local control and at local expense,
the letter stated. The letter, of course,
was rend before the council and filed
for future reference.
'National Service" Aa Practiced By
Winnipeg Select Pay-triots.
One day last week two richly-dressed
women, with more money than brains,
entered a Winnipeg cafe and ordered a
dollar's worth of roast chicken, and had
it fed to a couple of pampered curs, says
The Voice. Such an action, even in the
times' of reckless expenditure before the
war, would have been disgusting but
now when hundreds of soldiers' kiddies
are getting but very little meat and
that of the coarse and common kind,
too often, it is a crime and an outrage
that money should be expended in such
laviah manner to feed useless dogs. Nothing could more forcibly demonstrate
the great injuBtice of conscripting the
lives and energies of mon while nt the
same time superfluous money is left untouched. If a measure of wealth conscription were enforced, these two callous and brainless creatures would not
have been able to so outrnge decency.
While there is no denying the fact that
many people of large meana and high
position are now supporting all funds
with some liberality, yet there are
many, very many indeed, who are turning a deaf ear to all appeals. The privations'of thc Belgians and Serbians,
the needs of the Red Cross work, the
wants of the dependents of the soldiers,
make no impression on many people,
who have money to burn. They have
their autos and chauffeurs, their pampered poodles which they prefer to
babies of their own, their winter jaunts
to California and their summer pilgrimages to the Lakc-of-the-Woods. They
think more of their dogs than they do
of the children of the Boldiers who are
fighting in Franco. The superfluous
wealth of the country should bc commandeered by the government, and used
to support the growing army of war dependents. When this is dono perhaps a
few beribboncd doggeries will have to
go without chicken white meat, but
such is the fortune of war.
head of eich one of whloh tbe foar named
•hove;stand more or leu supreme. Cecil B.
DeMille, who has juit given to a rather expectant publie bU big photoplay bated on
the life of Joan of Arc, entitled, "Joan
the Woman,'' in which Oeraldlne Farrar
appeara In the title role, la one of thoie
who haa succeeded in doing one kind of
thing better than any ono else. Joan the
Woman will be preiented at the Orpheum
for one week, beginning Monday matinee,
-June 18.
Mr. DeMille it wai who flnt put "continuity" into motion pictures; who, taking advantage of all the experimentation with the
cut  baok"   and  the   "close  up,"   which
13.60 a Day for Japanese Laborers.
Japanese laborers in the shingle bolt
campB of B. C. are not slow to take advantage of the activity in that industry. Where they used to receive $2
a day of 10 hours, they are now demanding, and in most cases receiving,
(3.50 a day of 10 hours.
From the man who takes himself too
seriously, and from him who thinks
that other people do—deliver ub. The
first must be a burden to himself, while
the latter ia a bore to others. You have
met both types—the man with a "mission," and he who imagines that the
world is determined that he shall not
carry it out. Both are usually narrow,
bitter, cenBorioua.—Eev. Charles Stelzle.
Out In Hollywood, where tbo motion picture flourishes, he hai more powor than the
chief of poiici., more persons dependent upon
him than the Commissioner of CharltUs and
has taught more pupils the liberal arts tban
the college presidont, In the mate of New
York perhaps he haa not shone ao brilliantly
as a personality, but only because New Tork
bas seen but very little of bim for the past
three years. At tho moment hii productions dlstingubbed under the advertising
line of "historical cinema masterpiece," li
creating more talk and comment tban any
screen drima ilnce "The Birth of a Nation."
Home men flash Into the limelight like campaign orators and disappear forever. One
department of tho motion picture industry
(call It "art" if you will), however, from
which only a few men bave risen above the
average Ib the branch ot directing, Tbere is
D. W. Griffith, marvel of the big ensemble;
Thomas H. Ince, genius of organisation;
Mack Sennet, master of the comedy farce,
and Cecil B. DeMille.
Those who know their motion pictures
well will tell you thnt there are several distinct schoolH  ni  cinema production,  at the
Delivered to and from
All Boats, Trains and any
part of tbe eity
Furniture Moving
by Experts
Pianos Moved
and Hoisted
Storage and Packing
Phone us day or night
Seymour 605 and 456
Great Northern
McNeill, Welch ft Wilson
Our Hart Schaffner and
Marx light suitings for
summer wear have arrived
and under our Right Selling Plan, we are
pricing them at—
This is an exceptional offer on this high-grade
Clothing, because of the exoellent quality of the
fabrics; light mixtures, plaids, grays and checks,
styled in Pinchback, Belter, Norfolk and Standard
models.  Satisfaction guaranteed.
had been carried on in the yeara before ho
entered the field from the theatre of David
Belasco, wai the firat to weld them together.
He it waa who stopped the universally rldt-
culous features which for years had mado
motion pictures more or less unbearable to
a lot of perfectly sane persona because characters on the screen leaving one room with
low shoes on their feet and picture bats
on their beads appeared an instant later in
the next room with high boots on tbeir feet
and no hat at all. The fact tbat the picture made in room 2 was probably taken a
day or a week after the picture made in
room 1 never seemed logical excuse to tho
Apart from our regular stock pattern dinnerware, in
English and French China, and English Semi-porcelain, we
have a number of odd sets which we have marked down
for quick sale. Limited space allows only a few examples:
China Dinner Set, neat border decoration; 47 pieces....? 9.75
Semi-poreclain Dinner Set, floral pattern; 51 pieces.... 14,50
Large size China Dinner Set, beautiful floral border;
decorations; 108 pieces 37,75
116-piece Dinner Set, conventional pattern; Wedge-
wood, extra epeeial , 39.75
Toy Department—
We maintain a toy department all the year round'. If its
something for the kiddies, bring them to ou* stores.
Millar & Coe, Ltd.
"Two Big China and Toy Stores"
120 Hastings St. W.      776 Granville St.
THIS is the hat for YOU! Tho
tilt of ita artistocratic brim
the,height and shape of its modish crown, make it a thoroughbred among hats!
It will Took good, wear well
and feel Jno every day of ita long
In all colon. Come in and try
one today.
Built to keep up the high reputation that "MALLOBY"
Hats have alwayi enpoyed, we
guarantee it will suit you.
Come in and try it onl Come
in today. We have it in many
shades and sizes.
lOlffl &
61 Hastlngi Street East
Winnipeg   Vancouver   Calgary
"Made in B.C." BABY CARS
Let yonr child ride round in one of our "Made ln
B. O.1' Baby Oan.    Designed on scientific lines—
toade by skilled workmen in our Vancouver factory
Ottt —comfortable for tho little one, and perfectly bnl*
Comfortable anced, so as to ensure maximum safety; clean and
Saliabla sanitary—very moderately priced, becajso we do
Sanitary not have to pay duty, freight, war tax and storage'
Hast in charges on them.     English style cars are priced
Appearance from $19.76.
Moderate in Ooat Collapsible  0k>-carts  and   Sulkies  at   moderate
prices. (All the newest models). Mail enquiries
promptly answered. Write for our new illustrated
G. S. SHAW & CO.
"Slaw's My Cm"
904 ROBSON ST., Vaacener, Opp. Caut Home
Oapital .115,000,000        Blst  113,600,000
Main Offlee:   Comer Hutlngi ud Oruvllle Streets, Vancouver
OOMM1BC1AL DMTI Cor. tint Ammo eat Conmrelal Drlvo
SiiT MD.... Oor. Faa4er ua Mala Simla
FAIBTIIW...  Car. Sink Avane aal OraarllU Blraal
aASTUSS mt OAMBIS Oor. Haallaaa aal Oaabia Simla
IIT1IHK) Oar P.arlk ...... mt T.o Str.cl
MOO«TT rUAIAJT Oor. Pfkn Avuu UI Male Stmt
rowau. ITE1IT Om. Tlsuila Drtfo ul P...U Slml
MOTH BILL Oor. Fertr-elitlh ul Fraser Avaa.
AIM KtttA Vucetnr Bract, Comer Lonsdale Avenue ud Esplanade


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