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The British Columbia Federationist May 18, 1917

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:fOa~ai— UNITT:   VIOTOIf
EIGHTH MAR.   No. 20
Work Involved Will Add to
Duties of One of the
No Evidence That Labor Organizations Will Be
AS THE FIRST session of the
Brewster government at Victoria is drawing to a close,
and the date for at least three bye-
elections approaches, the necessity
for making a little political medicine is imperative. With inquiries
that fail to inquire, cabinet resignations that are not resignations,
a workmen's compensation board
that fails to compensate in many
cases, mining explosion investiga
tions that fail to make decisive
findings, a no-patronage system
that goes predecessors one better,
government supporters that arc
not government supporters, pre*
election campaign contributions
that are not contributions,''and
the insuperable burden of packing
"honeBt" John Oliver, Premier
Brewster has at last made what
looks like his first move to comply
with one of the requests made by the
executive committeo of the B. C. Fed
erution of Labor, some weeks ago.
A Labor Department.
The local morning dailies of Wednesday report tho decision in this way:
Victoria, May 15.—A department of
labor, to be a department of the civil
service, is tho objeot of a bill intro*
duced in the legislature tonight by Premier Brewster, At its head will be a
minister of labor appointed by the lieutenant-governor, to hold office during
pleasure. Provision for the appoint-
. ment of a depjty minister and such
clerks, etc., as required will be made
by the lieutenant-governor-ia-councll.
The duties and functions of the de*
partment will be to administer laws affecting labor, to Improve relations between employors and employees; place
labor when a demand for same exists;
regulate sanitary and other conditions
relating to the health and well-being of
the industrial classes; establish and
maintain employment bureaus; to en-
courage establishments of new industries in British Columbia; provide for
protection, technical training and welfare of the industrial classes; pass upon
changes in law relating to labor and
wages as presented by labor organizations.
The department will have full power
to aecure all necessary information regarding industries.—News* Advertiser.
The Sun's Version.
Vlotoria, May 15.—A portfolio of
labor is to be added to the cabinet,
though it may not be filled for some
. time, but looked after by one of the
present ministers, according to a bill,
introduced by Hon. H. C. Brewster, the
premier, at this afternoon's legislative
session, A deputy minister for active
duty may be appointed by governor-in-
council, and the* salary may also be
fixed in this manner under the act.
The bill sets out In paragraphs the
various duties of the department to be
created, and these, briefly, include all
matters having to do with labor, statis*
'tical benefits, advantages, disadvantages, nationality, the dissemination of
knowledge about the labor market of
this province, conditions of health and
the establishment of employment bureaus.
Under the act, Information when requested, must be furnished to the department under penalty of a flne not
exceeding a hundred dollars Information given the department Ib to be privileged.—Sun.
Daily Province Beport.
Victoria, May 16.—Hon. William
Sloan, minister of mines, in addition to
his duties in caring for that department
will likely soon become minister of
labor as well. While the government
has not definitely selected the portfolio
to which the new department of labor
provided for in a bill introduced yes*
terday will be attached, Premier Brew*
ster stated to the Province yesterday
that he expected that the minister of
mines would probably be chosen.
The new bill which the premier intro*
duced yesterday afternoon created a de*
partment of labor in the civil service,
with a minister of labor, a deputy mln
later and such Other officers, clerks, etc.,
aa may be required. The bill specifically empowers the officers of the proposed
department to procure from officials of
Patriotic Officials Disclose
Their Attitude at a
Public Meeting
Organized Labor, Returned
Soldiers and Dependents
Must Act
Vf/HY SHOULD T. S. Baxter and 0.
vv H. Bonner, president and secretary
of the Canadian Patriotic fund in this
city, oppose the nationalization of that
fundi One would think that propriety
nt least would suggest itself to these
gentlemen. Surely such a discussion
could be left to tho peoplo who are
compelled to "voluntarily" contribute
to the fund and thoso who are its recipients.
Tho daily press says of a poorly-at-
tended meeting of Burnaby residents on
Wednesday ovening at Edmonds: " *
* * Mr. Baxter Bpokc at some length
trying to encourago tho residents to go
ahead with the collections, and decrying
any movement towards nationalising
the fund."
And as a sort of prelude to the main'
act, eurlicr in tho afternoon, The World
indulged in a, column editorial in defense of tho prosent method of doling
out charity to the dependents of men
who arc in the trenches. The World
says the fund is made up of voluntary
contributions of patriots. The Federationist denies thiB. Most of the Patriotic Fund comos out of the meagre wnges
of employees who cannot help themselves, through toll levied by the bosses
each month. It does not come from the
juicy war profits of the kind of patriotic predominating in Canada.
The Federationist hns, up till now,
made littlo complaint of the local administrators of the fund. But it has
contended that the whole system is at
fault. Since, however, the local officials
of tbe fund have come out openly as
opposed to the nationalization of the
fund, they need expect no quarter from
organized labor.
The Federationist was prepared to
overlook tho enclosure of furniture
dealers' business cards in official communications from the patriotic fund office. It made due allowance for the
peculiarities of women. The low cost
of administering the funds was conceded, assuming that the charity-system of
distribution had to be followed. But
when these officials Btart out on a publie campaign in opposition to the movement Inaugurated by organized labor to
nationalize the fund, then they must
expect to be dealt with in future as
opponents, rather than as officials and
condoners of the present cbarity-mon-
gering method of securing and paying
out the fund.
The soldiers' wivea and dependents'
organizations, the returned soldiers'
clubs and the central labor body are
now in a definite position. They know
where the opposition is coming from,
nnd what to expect. And they will,
The Federationist believes, know what
to do.
The Prorogation of the Provincial Legislature to Take Place, in Near Future—End of
a Most Remarkable Session of Purgative Political Purification Now Well Within
Sight—Graft and Corruption Relegated to Oblivion by the Master Strokes of
High Class Statesmanship—May the Good Lord Forgive Us If We Err
Telegraph Operator* Art Asking
tlO Per Month Bala*.
The telegraph operators of tho Cnnn-
dian Pacific railway are preparing to
make demandB upon the company for increased wages in the lower grades of
the service, amounting to $10 monthly.
Meetings have been held by the men
from all over tho west, and a new
schedule has been tentatively agreed
upon. This will be submitted to the
oompany officials at Winnipeg and forwarded to Montreal for action.
THB PROVINCIAL PARLIAMENT at Victoria has now been in session for upwards of two months,
and having attended to nearly everything that the high-class statesmanship of its members is capable of dealing with, iB nearing prorogation. The splendid manner in which its members have
borne the terrific stress and strain of the Herculean task of political purification that they so unselfishly took upon themselves, entitles them to a period of well-earned rest from their arduous labors. This
applies, of course, only to that portion of. the house that had previously dedicated itself to the purification of the foul "Augean stables" of British Columbian political life. As to the ragged remnant of
that foul and corrupt old political combine that for the last decade has persistently ant] wickedly befouled the "stables," and with malice.aforethought deliberately corrupted the normally pure currents
of political life in this province, its misguided and inherently crooked members are entitled to no consideration, unless it might be at the hands of the Prince of Evil, whose nefarious purposes they have
eminently and loyally Berved., But to Premier Brewster and his brilliant and able galaxy of talented
warriors in the age-long battle of purity against filth, all honor is due. At least all the honor that is
properly coming to them.
Everybody Knew It.
Of course every ono knew full well
that the old Conservative band of political pirates waB rotten and corrupt to
the core. Not only did they know it,
but there was every reason why they
coald not help but know it, for those
well-known disciples of clean political
living, those whole-souled devotees at
tho shrine of purity in general, and
seemly conduct in all things, had so
completely, thoroughly and loudly bawled Bowser and his criminal following
out, that none could remain blind to
their guilt, except those who would not
Bee. At any rate, the Liberals got their
goat at the election last fall, and there
trailed back into the present house but
a sad and sorry remnant of thut once
proud battalion, led by the Napoleonic
Bowser, and which once gathered reck-
less harvest in defiance of the coming
fiolitical storm, even as Ajax defied the
ightning, though, it must be admitted,
not with the same success.
Purification and Construction.
Well, to make a long Btory short, the
era of graft and corruption waa thus
brought to an end. The murky clouds
of Conservative turpitude were swept
away. The sunshine of political purity,
constructive statesmanship and healthy
and assured social and industrial progress, warmed the very "cockles of the
heart" of all thoBe weary souls who
had so long been wandering in the wilderness, longing for the light and hungering for righteousness. The dawn of
a new era had come. The newly-elected
government took offlce. The house went
into session, the warriors in flne fettle
and their constituents full of hope—
not hop. The day of reconstruction was
at.hand. It came all right, as a review
of accomplishments will show. The
"plugging" episode is a matter or common knowledge. By some it is not con*
sidered as evidence of any pronounced
disposition toward! politicnl purity
upon the part of those who' profited by
it, either inside the legislature or out.
Of course it is easily explained by asserting it to have been a job put up by
the wicked Bowser to besmear the immaculate purity of the newly-elected,
with Bome of the unclean varnish with
which his own reputation was so plen-
teously coated. It was no trouble for
the purifiers to stir up a powerful
stench by making enquiry into.the rail-
industrial societies, trades anions, ett.,
all necessary information.—Daily Province.
In Manitoba ud Saskatchewan.
When a similar department was established at the request of organized
labor in tbe provinces of Manitoba and
Saskatchewan, the first step made by
those governments was to ask organized
labor to make a choice of a suitable
man for tbe job. In Manitoba, President McOrath, of tho Winnipeg Trades
and Labor council, was chosen, and he
has since made good. In Saskatchewan
the choice fell to Mr, Molloy, at the
time**'an active Typo, member of the
central labor body, and he is doing effective work in his department.
In the stee of Washington, and others
aCrogB the line, the government appoint*
ed what is termed a Labor commission,
with comprehensive duties and powers
to help pilot wage-workers through
their trials and difficulties in mastering
the modern art of government.
Not lo In B. 0.
In British Columbia, however, all this
information and work has had to be as*
, sumed, voluntarily, ay the business
agents and officials of organized labor,
it being the duty of no one in particular
i to giv* the workeri any Information as
to their rights under the laws of the
N**d for Bach D*p*rtm*nt.
There Is a real need for such a de*
partment in British Columbia, and if
the Brewster government will go as far
as asked to by tho officials of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, it will bave made
a step in the right direction. As, with
other departments, its effectiveness and
usefulness will largely depend upon
proper administration, free from corporation influences, it is imperative that
organized labor be consulted and cnn*
sidered when making the necessary ap*
pointments. The department could pro*
bably be tacked onto another for a
start, but the man in chnrge should be
a practical trade unionist, with a knowledge of local conditions and the labor
movement ln general, one, for Instance,
who could be recommended by the B.
C. Federation pf Labor. Experience,
however, to date, hardly makes such a
course probable, if one is to judge by
how organized labor has NOT been consulted in the past, where labor inter. <
ests were vitally affected.
Strong Socialist Representation ln New
Government a Oood Omen
for the Future.
Advices from Petrograd indicate tbat
the governmental criais is over. A new
cubhiet haB been formed and accepted
by the representatives of the Council of
Workmen's and Soldiers' delegates. Six
representatives of the socialist groups
nre to sit in the cabinet and share in
the government. Ooe of them, A. F.
Kerensky, is to assume the war port*
folio. The reaffirmed policy of the government is declared to be, the defeat of
the Teutonic powers, nnd the establishment of peace with no annexations and
no contributions.
A splendid tribute to the advanced intelligence of the Russian working class
is found in the heavy representation of
the socialist movement in the government. In no other country in the world
can a similar representation be found.
It is a distinct challenge to the intelligence of the workers in those countries
that have long boasted of democracy
and freedom, and whose labor movements have professed to constitute the
vanguard of human progress. It is now
up to the Kussian working class to send
cablegrams of cheer and wise counsel
to the labor movement of Canada, the
United States nnd other backward
Expenses of Monster Gathering Indirectly Paid By Government,
THE NEXT ACT on the governmental wur programme, federally,
is a "Win-the-Warf monBter conference, to be held at Montreal next
week. Just who ot what is behind
the move is not made visible to the
naked eye, but inasmuch as the gov*
eminent is understood to be indirectly footing the bills for expenses and
transportation of delegates from all
parts of Canada, it Is easy to understand why the convention will be all
that could be desired, so far as attendance is concerned. It will be remembered that some months ago, a
special session of the TradeB and
Labor Congress of Canada executive
was called, at the instance of the
government, and the expenses of
which were borne by the public treasury. Soon after, the National Service
scheme was endorsed by the Congress
executive. While the aim and purpose of the proposed "conference"
next week has not been disclosed, it
is worthy of note that the eager pat*
Tiots and prospective delegates from
Vancouver eould not wait till they
got to Montreal before "resoluting."
They insisted on the government enforcing conscription right away,
whether or no. Better counsel prevailed, and the motion was ultimately withdrawn. That would have
given the whole snap away. Of
course, there was hot a word about
conscripting railways, sugar refineries, munition factories, food supplies
and the many other things out of
which huge profits are being made
by as unscrupulous a lot of scalawag
patriots as ever went unhanged. Not
a word!
way policy of the previous administration. But in so doing, they brought out
convincing proof of the biblical saying, that "ye cannot handle pitch without becoming defiled." When the self-
alleged purity zealots took a peep into
the P. G. B. pot of railway corruption,
in order to obtain choice bits of filth
with which to plaster their Conservative enemies, they evidently saw something in the pot, that prompted them
to suddenly clap down the lid and mako
search in other directions for the dnra-
aging evidence they so eagerly sought.
Just what they discovered in the pot,
is to be left to the imagination. The
actual facts have been somewhat censored. But that one of the most eminent of the purity statesmen hns been
compelled to resign his office in the government, and only now sits in the house
under a heavy cloud of suspicion as to
his immaculate purity, is in itself a significant fact,   j
Real Statesmen,
It ia but fair to state that the new
government Ib not absolutely devoid of
statesmanship. True it has done little
else during this session but bawl out
the graft, corruption and general political indecency of its Conservative predecessor, but it has reinnugurated the
poll tax in the province. That, is the
nearest approach to a real achievement
in BtnteBmanship that the present house
can be justly accused of. But what
else could one expect. The entire caboodle is made up of small calibre political material of the cheapest sort.
There is not a man prominent in the
bunch that is above a third-rater> when
measured by any Btandard other than
that of mediocrity. The most of them
are little better than jokes. But come
to think of it, they nnd their achievements constitute a most faithful mirror
of-the present political intelligence and
morality of the electorate of this province. Otherwise they would not. be
there.   So there you are.
Election of Offlcen Next Wedneaday
OocaHon for IntreaKd Intewat
The annual election of officers is the
chief topic of interest in local typographical circles. There is competition
for nearly every office and committee,
and in some instances a very lively campaign is being waged by the candidates.
President Benson has for opponent W.
S. Armstrong. Vice-president Trotter,
F. W. Fowler, W. H. Jordan and R. G.
Marshall are contestants for vice-presidency. R. H. Neelands is again unopposed for the office of secretary-treasurer. For an executive committee of
five, there are ten names in nomination,
and there is equal choice for most of
tho other committees, Voting takes
place on Wednesday next, in the secretary's office, room 206, Labor Temple,
the poll being open from 9 a.m. to 7
"National Servicer*
On Monday H. E. Burbridgc, atores
commissioner of the Hudson's Bay company, accompanied by Mrs. Burbridge
und Master Dudley Burbridge, will sail
for Japan. From two to three months
will be spent in visiting ooints of in
tcrest in Japan, China and the Philip
AT AN INFORMAL meeting of Labor Temple business agents in
The Federationist offlce yesterday morning, when the subject
of organization was being discussed, it was estimated that more
than 100G recruits for the various local trades unionB had been made
during the past two months. "If this campaign continues," said one
cf thc metal trades agents, "the Labor Temple officers should be able,
later on, to raise enough money to save the magnificent 'home of
Labor'.to the organized labor movement of Vancouver. Our movement is on the upgrade all round, and the prospects are brighter than
they have been since 1911-12. Surely such a virile bunch of trade
unionists as wc have now will not let go the Labor Temple without a
supreme effort to pay off interest arrearages, and put the building in
proper shape in the matter of upkeep. We need the building in our
business, and 1 feel sure the boys, when the time comes, will rise to
the occasion. While there iB a good' deal of trouble in the industrial
world, it iB merely an evidence of life, and 'where there's life there's
hope.' 1 'm one of those hopeful cusses who believe that Labor is on
its way to the triumph of many of the ideals and objects it has been
fighting for for years."
Nominated by the Victoria branch of Federated AiMociation of Letter Carriers, as Vic*
torla's choice ae western delegate to the
coming convention of the Tradea and Labor
Congress of Camilla, to be held at Ottawa
in September, lt Is claimed for Mr. Bird
that he holds one of the finest records in
the Y. A. of L. C. In western Canada, as
the following will show: Provincial vice*
Sresident for 11. C 1918 to 1018; presi*
ent of branch No. 11, F. A. of L. C, mil*
13-ia.14-lfi.lB: del. to Trades and Labor
council. 1*10-11: delegate to F. A. of L. C
convention, Winnipeg, 1918; delegate to Y.
A. of L. C. convention, Vancouver, m«:
member of executive committee, Victoria
branch, 1917.
SUNDAY, May 20—Steum Engi-
MONDAY, May 21—Bridge and
Structural Iron Workers; Elec-
tricnl WorkerB; Boilermakers;
Tailors' Executive; Street Rail*
wny men's Executive.
TUESDAY, May 22—Barbers;
Bro. Locomotive Englneera.
WEDNESDAY, Muy 28—Press
Feeders Coin.; Metal Trades
Council; Street Hnilwnymen.
THURSDAY, May 24— Shipwrights and Culukem; Muctiin-
FBIDAY, May 8ft-file Drivers
ft Wooden Bridgebuildera.
SATURDAY, May 20—Baken,
Exports Indicate 100 Fer Cent. Organisation In Near Future.
The Metal Trades council held a very
successful nieeting on Wednesday evening, when all the affiliated anions were
well represented. Local industrial conditions were reviewed, indicating progress ail along the line. There are still
a few firms who have failed to sign the
union ngreement, and these will receive
attention during the coming week. The
various bjsiness agents feel confident
that, with the active support of organized labor and the present condition of
the labor market, that they will be successful in making a clean sweep before
many weeks.
Have Added Many New Members and
Elected a Business Agent.
At a mass meeting of painters, culled
by Organizer Clark uud locnl officials*, of
Painters' union, No. 138, in the Labor
Temple, Wednesday evening, more than
25 applications were received for membership. Yesterday another batch wero
signed up, and when the next regular
meeting of the local takes place on the
23rd inst., thc entire working force of
the city will be pretty well included.
To make Bure that working conditions
will be observed and the membership
looked after, a business agent wns
added td the Labor Temple rostrum, H.
Grand being tbe choice of the local.
Convention to Be Held at
Kansas City, Missouri,
June 4 to 9
Delegates Are Coming from
England, France and
The importance of a working women's convention at this time cannot be
overestimated. In spite of the heavy
burdens of a nearly three yeara' war,
the trade unionists of England, France
and Australia are planning to send re*
presentatives to the sixth biennial convention of the National Women 'b Trado
Union league.
The English trade unionists look upon
the convention ns of such importance
thnt they are sending as tbeir delegate
Miss Mary Macnrthur, secretary of tho
British Women's Trade Union league.
Misb Macarthur is one of the women
serving in the war councils of England.
As a result of tbe interview granted by
the Queen of England in the early days
of the wnr, Miss Macarthur was made
chairman of tbe central committee on
women's employment for Englnnd and
Wales. On this committee of thirteen
members, there are six trade union women,
The French trade unionists hnve
chosen aa their representative Mme. G.
Ducbene of Paris, who is expected to
attend the convention as a delegate;
while Australia is planning to Bend one
of their trade union women to join with
America's working women in facing the
industrial problems now before the
That these delegates are planning to
attend this convention in the face of
the dangers of travel and the difficulties of the present crisis in the world's
history, shows the seriousness and the
greatness of the questions to be considered, America's working women will
give their best to the working out of
the many grave and difficult problems
which will come before the convention.
Local Arbitration Board. Thla Wook
Hoaxing tho Evidenco.
A local arbitration board is holding
sesBions this' week, to hear the claims
of the membership of the Stereotypers'
union for an increase of wages. F. J.
Burd ia representing the Vancouver
Newspaper Publishers» association,
while H. C. Benson, president of Vancouver Typt>. union, is counsel for the
stereotypes. The board consists of Mr.
John Nelson of the Daily World, and
Mr. Matt Burr, for the publishers, and
Mr. John McKinnon of the Stereo*
typers' union and Mr. Moses Cotsworth
for the union. Prof. Turnbull of the B.
C. university, is chairman of tbe board.
Forty-eight Now Members Initiated at
Lait Meeting of V B. 617.
Organizer Robinson, of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners,
reports last Monday night as a red letter night for local 617. The foresight
of the executive committee engaging a
larger hall for this meeting wns fully
exemplified, there being a large attendance of members. High water mark
was reached in the number of new members, 48 being added to the roll, 40 being initiated and eight by clearance
By unanimous vote, handsome cheques
were ordered sent to the striking sugar
refinery workers, and to the national
defence league of San Francisco, for
the conduct of the case in defence of
the workmen under trial in California.
Organizer Robinson reports that General President Wm. T. Hutcheson Is expected to puy Vancouver a visit early
next month. A committee of three was
appointed to act In conjunction with
the other locals in organizing a suitable
programme for bis entertainment, nnd
n preliminary meeting has been culled
for Friday night nt tho Labor Temple.
Alberta Elections Juno 7.
The Albcrtu provincial elections nre
to be held on June 7. It is to be hoped
thut several labor members will be nominnted nnd elected. The work of
Manitoba's two working class representatives shows that results can be got if
you put them where they can vote on
questions affect ing tbe workers.—The
Voice. For the firBt time in Alberta
women will vote in this election.
Tis not in mortuls to command sue
But we'll do more, Sempronius,—we'll
deserve It."
—Addison's Cnto.
ACCORDING TO private advices received by Thc Federationist
this morning, the industrial situation in the Southern Kootenay
interior mining centres, where strikes and lockouts have been
in vogue for some time, is becoming somewhat clarified. The Consolidated Mining Co. has added another 15 cents a day raise to the 25
cents already announced, 40 cents in all, as against thc miners' demands for a four-bit increase, with check-off system. The men have
voted, it is said', to return to work at Trail, Rossland and other points
affected. The details Brc not to hand, but it appeals to bc a temporary settlement, with some sort of a sliding scale arrangement, based
on the price of metals produced. Thc agreements entered into are
with the various local unions involved, not the district organization.
Pending the receipt of official confirmation, wage-workers will be
well advised to move cautiously if thinking of going into thc Kootc-
nays in search of employment. The new agreement is said to be definite only for thc next four months, with possible, fluctuations iu thc
metal market as a factor to be reckoned with after that. An official
announcement from the unions involved will probably reach The
FcdtrationiBt for next issue.
Special Committee of Seven
Named tb Go Into the
Whole Question
Upon Result WiU Depend
Future Attitude of   |
the Council
The Canadian Patriotic Fund came
in for ita foil ahare of criticism at latt
night's meeting of tke Tradea aad
Labor council. After a warm discus-
aion, in which many of the delegatea
participated, the council decided* to
namo a select committee to go into tk*
charges preferred; give the Pntriotie
Fund officials an opportunity to defend
themselves, and make a report to the
council as Boon as possible. The committee consists of Dels. Knowles, Die*.
enson, Gutteridge, Midgley, Crawford,
Wight and Hoover. The question was
raised laat night by Dele. Corey and
Trotter of the Typo, anion. Upon ths
report of the apeeial committee will depend the future attitude*of the couneil
towards the fund.
Federation]* Conn Lifted.
The " vote of censure,'' moved at but
meeting of the council, for the editor
of The Federntioniot, which had beea
referred to the' executive, waa disposed
of by the following recommendation:
"That tke executive, after hearing
the evidence, are of the opinion that
the action of Editor Pettipiece, in addressing the sugar re&nery strikers and
in submitting an article to them for
their approval, was fair and above
board and in no way deserving of th*
cenaure of the Tradea and Labor council."
The report waa concurred in, with
one dissenting vote.
Bricklayers' Union Exonerattd.
Tke complaint, made by tke Building
Trades delegate, at laat meeting,
against tke Bricklayers' unloa, waa inquired into and tke organisation exonerated. ,
Donation to tag ar Xaantry Workers.
Treaaurer Knowles reported tkt ra-
ceipt of $267.26 from local unlont, ttat*
laat meeting, in aid of tke striking
sugar reflnery workers.
•agar Mnny tawdry.
A series of telegrams were presented
by the executive committee, which kid
passed between the council and H. t.
Stevens, M. P., Hon. T. W. Crothers,
Premier Brewster aad others, covering
the delay in making a federal investigation into cooditlone aurrounding tha*
B. C. Sugar refinery, were read and approved. It waa clearly shown that the
decision was now up to the federal government, but was being sidestepped!
Want Federal Food Board.
A resolution,  forwarded from Victoria Trades and Labor council, asking
for tke naming of a federal board, to
regulate food supplies, was endorsed..
Jocularly Received.
A communication from London, (Ontario) Trades and Labor council, urging
prohibition inice cronm manufacture,
for tbe duration of tke war, was flled,
though it seemed to provide momentary
amusement for the delegates.
Beports of Unions.
Del. Bruce, Retail Clerks' union, re-
fiorted progress was being made in add-
ng new members. Union men were
urged to aak to be waited -upon, when
shopping, by union clerka.
Del. Ellsworth, tailora, reported tkat
"Tom, tke tailor," waa being negotiated witb for a union schedule.
New Bylaws Adopted.
The new bylaws were read a second
time and approved by the council.
Attendance Boa    ,  '
United Brutherhood of Carpenters,
Locnl 617—Job. Campbell.
Local 280 Amalgamated Sheet Metal
Workers—A. .1. Crawford.
TynoB.—H. L. Corey, W. R. Trotter..
Sailors—W. S. Burns.
Barbers—,7. T. Ferris, S. H. Grant..
Bartenders—R. McCnffre. '
Pressmen's Union—E. B. Stephenson;.
Press Assistants—F. W. Jure.
Bro. Carpentera—D. Lyon, O. C.
Thom, 11. A. McDonald.
Moving Picture Operators—C. B.
Boot and Shoo Workers—T. Corey.
Structural Iron  Workers— R. Masso-
Tailors—0. S. Green, A. H. Gntcnby,
J. T. Ellsworth, 11. Gutteridge.
Retail Clerks-A. P. Glen, C. D.
Street Railwaymen—F. A. Hoover,
W. H. Cottrell, fo 0. Kormode, R. E.
Rigby, F. Haigh, B. G. Davies, A. Mclnnes.
Cigar Makers—A. Kochel. H. Kur-
Amnl. Carpenters—-A. McDonald, B.
Pattern Makers—R. McDonald.
Civic Employees—V. R. Midgley, G.
Harrison, G. Mncfnrlnn.
Steam Shovel nnd Dredgemen—A. W.
Painters—W. Knight.
Letter Curriers—R. Wight, F. Knowles, J. Cnss, N. Barlow, .1. Dodd.
.ongshoremen—G. Thomas, 8. Earp,
A. Tree.
Moulders—W. Dickinson, A, Donuld-
Deep Sen Fishormea—R. Kearley.
Bricklayers—C. F. Smith.
Cooks und Waiters—A. Graham.
Machinists—0. l.ynll, W. M. Hawthorn, A. R. Fowler, J. H. McVety.
Garment Workers—J. A. Muster.
IS Wage In South Vancouver.
A resolution passed some timo ago,
by South Vancouver municipal council,
cutting the wages of the road men from
(3 to 12.75, wns this week rescinded,
and the old rate restored. The object in
cutting the rate was to make it conform
with the wages paid in Vancouver eity. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY  May 18, 1917
... 64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Accountf
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persona. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family .or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Eastings and Gambia Sts.
FRIDAY. May 18, 1917
I. Mwwt Sssis    oae.: Ser tut
IsnUtars, Selititwi, Caanjaawa, Etc.
Vlctoris aal Vuconnr
Vancouver Offlw: 618-7 Refer* Bldf.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary
Fatal Ser. lait        Kits BnlUUf
vaaoawiB, a. o.
T. B. 0UTHBEBT8ON d 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
OOO Onavine StnM
SM BasHasa Stnet Wait
oiai Annais
neat Strmaor 7ios
Third Floor. World Bnildlaff,
vAHOonvia. a. o.,
Tht oily Palon Shop In Vanaenwr.
Phona ley. 6183 1296 Granule
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
The Jams Electric Ca., Ltd.
670 Richards Btreet
unoM uua
J. PHILLIPS a 00.. Aftatt
—     ssis itit—
HMltltsMnf, button, etrsnd, seal*
ItpptaK bitten belts, pinklns  .ponr
Ui M» tarUklsi, lelttrlnf, pleot tdl-
' TSIat,   nuhlm,   tmbnUtrr,
SSS Onarillt St.
lsis Btsatas st.
viaoouvn. i.o. viotobuTbo.
Fbgt Sty, sitl Pbott lleo
SO IT now
Ott buy aad ban your tld bleyelt
■aat llkt aaw. Wt will taaiul aal
aukt yoar wbttl look llkt atw bom
•5.10 ap.   AU Had. pt nf sin at
I1M1S Hows HasUap 418
Com* Md have a good time, perhaps
inks homo a ildo of bacon,
.   Bastings Stntt, near Abbott
Viataantd VsadtrlBt Means
8:M. T:ae, 1:18     Sutra's Frttta:
MaMnw, Mas Brtalast. He, Seo
To auabtn ot tny anion la Otntdt t
apodal ratt lor Tbt Federationlit of 81
ptr ytar—II a elnb ol 10 or mon It unt
Refined Service
One Block west of Court Home.
Ute of Modern Chapel and
Fueral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymonr 8488
Publlshsd every FridtT morning by tbt B. 0.
Pederattonist, Limited
B. Para. Ptttipieco.  .Manager
Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription: 11.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to anions subscribing
In a body, $1.00.
New Westminster. W. Yatei. Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria...™...... A. S. Welle, Box 1538
"Unity of Labor:  tha Eopt of tha World1
ACCOEDING TO THE authority of
our greatest statesmen, educators,
*f*-- theological oxporta and other
foremost citizens, it is the bounden duty
of each and every person in the nation
to do all that lies
INEFFICIENCY within iheir power to
OF bring the present war
CAPITALISM, to a speedy and successful conclusion.. It
is not supposed to be at all commendable for laborers in the capitalist vineyard to refuse to carry on the industrial
processes, juat merely because they have
become deluded with the notion that'
they are not getting sufficient wages for
so doing. In fact it is considered quite
reprehensible, for them to balk in har
ness, and refuse to longer pull the load
unless their wage allowance is increaa
ed. But it does so happen that once in
awhile they do balk, and it usually develops that the narrowness of their
wages is ample justification for their action. It is an open secret that the cost
of living is continually and rapidly increasing, and that the wage of yesterday is not equal to the requirements of
today, and that of today will probably
not suffice for the morrow. It is not a
matter of record that purchasers of
labor-power (employers) are prone to
insist upon such advances in wages as
are requisite to keep pace with the advances that may occur in the priee of
those things whioh the wage slave must
have in order to be able to continue to
serve his master. It is a matter of record, however, that the wage-earners,
as a rule, are compelled to force their
needs upon the attention of their capitalist employers and oftentimes even
have to resort to drastic action before
their necessities are recognized and relief afforded.
* *      *
The coal miners of Alberta and Eastern British Columbia have been long
struggling with the problem of how to
meet the actual requirements of their
existence, upon the meagre earnings
that accrued to them in the service of
their overlords and masters, the coal
barons. The cost of living continually
increased. Their wages remained as before. The problem became harder, the
situation more acute All attempts to
effect an increase in the wage scalo to
keep pace with the increased cost of
living failed. The operators stubborn'
ly refused to come through, in spite of
the fact that thoir profits are greater
since the outbreak of war than ever
before. That the coal industry is especially vital to the successful prosecution
of the war, appeared to have no influence upon them, in spite of the fact
that they are known to be vehement
patriots of the noisiest and most widely
heralded type. Mine after mino was
tied up because of the miners refusing
to longer continue in servitude unless
their grievances were remedied. At
this moment not a pound of coal is being mined in the entire district. The
smelting industry of tho interior has
been shut down in consequence, and a
large number of men made idle as a
result. That the stoppage of coal
mining must have other and far-reaching consequences goes without saying.
And all of this because the coal mines
are the property of those useless individuals in human society termed capitalists, and these precious owners do
not see fit to allow them to be operated
except upon terms satisfactory to themselves, as individuals separate and apart
from the war needs of thot "empire"
to which they so raucously profess loyalty and devotion and so earnestly recommend similar loyalty and devotion
to others. It seems that the interests
of the "empire" are secondary to the
interests of their own capitalist pockets.
* *      *
Tho govornment of tho Dominion, pf
course, docs nothing. This is to be expected, us it is nothing but a capitalist
concern at tho best. •» It may ih time inaugurate thc conscription of man power,
if it nppears thnt war needs demand it,
but it seems never to occur to the government that if thero wns ever need for
conscription in order that the war might,
be pressed to a satisfactory conclusion,
that it should be applied to the great
industries upon the ■ continuous operation of which success depends. And the
loast of these is by no means the coal
industry of Alberta and Eastern British
Columbia. It is beyond question that
any industry can pay sufficient wages
to enable its workers,to exist and keep
themselves in suitable working condition. If this cannot be done in any
other way, it can surely be accomplished by the cutting off of the unearned
revenue that now accrues to the parasites whose present status of profit-
suckers has been legalized by the state.
That which the state can legalize, it
can also undo. And when the public
interest so demands, it becomes* the
duty of the state to act in conformity
therewith. The common interest of all
of the useful persons in the nation demands that this profit-hungry pack of
owners be squelched, and their control
over industry and the lives of the
wealth producers be broken. The successful prosecution and ending of the
war demands it most emphatically.
There is Uttle now standing in thc way
of its speedy and satisfactory ending,
outside of the deadly profit-hunger and
impudent arrogance of capitalist pirates
and profit lord's. They who do the
necessary work of the world must havo
enough to enable them to live upon,
else they cannot do the work. No man
or set of men can be allowed the power
to draw from that sustenance without
contributing in equal measure to it,
without endangoring the entire structure and safety of human society. That
power is now held and exercised by the
capitalists and other rulers of the earth,
to the undoing and confusion of all the
rest of us, This power should be, and
must be stripped from them, and as
good a place to begin as any will be
found in the coal region already mentioned. The inefficiency of capitalism
is becoming altogether too glaring. It
courts death. t
who looked upon the dethronement
of the Czar and the relegation of
bureaucracy to the limbo of unclean
and lost thingB, as the full realization
of liberty to the Russian people and the
dawn of an era during which the sunshine of contentment and peace would perpetually
shine, are just about now feeling leas
hopeful about the matter. The sudden
overturning of a long-established autocratic regime, even in times of peace,
and the subsequent adjustment of affairs to fit the new order, would of
necessity entail more or less confusion,
and call for high-grade statesmanship
if chaos and reaction were not to'follow. That such a transformation should
occur in tho domain of one of the chief
belligerents in the midst of war, would
of necessity, intensify the situation and
render the outcome more uncertain and
problematical. In the Russian case it
should not be forgotten that nearly
200,000,000 people are involved, the vast
majority of whom are unlettored peasants who have had little if any participation in political life and must, therefore, be ill equipped for any such sudden nnd sweeping change aa has occurred. This undoubtedly makes the problem much more difficult and may well
stagger the best brains of the country
in dealing with it.
* * *
It is a far cry fro ma bureautocratic
regime to a commonwenlth based
upon the right of the wealth producer to the full fruits of his
toll. Especially is that true
the case of an absolutism under
which the material basis of democracy
and freedom had not yet been very far
advanced. It appears that the development of capitalist property and production has but little better than just begun in Russia. The vast portion of auch
industry as exists is still of a primitive
and backward type. Especially is this
true of agricultural and kindred lines.
Communities are scattered and imperfectly linked together by linos of communication and transportation. The
factory syBtem is in its infancy, except
in comparatively few of the larger centers. The modern proletariat, therefore,
has not yet become a sufficiently powerful factor in the atato to inBure that
the new order shall be dominantly impressed with itB aspirations and ideals.
In fact the field has only been prepared
for tho acceptance of bourgeois seed,
A capitalist regime must enaje before
the ground can be properly prepared
for the working class revolution. Out
of the present and rapidly-increasing
confusion, a capitalist constitutional
state will probably in time come. That
there will be setbacks and periods of
properly finished. 4 It ig to be hoped
that the Russian people will rise to the
occasion, bring order out of the present
confusion, and still further aid in the
good work of clearing the European
stage of medieval rubbish. May that
long unhappy land be equal to the task
of henceforth playing its part in the
great historical process, without falling
into theoretical pitfalls and ideological
and pretense, the workers are Blaves,
owned body and souls by their precious
capitalist and other ruling class overlords and maatera. This entire pretended property institution of which we
hear ao much, and which we are bo persistently taught to reverence, and even
die to defend, ia about the coarsest and
clumsiest old joke that waB ever perpetrated  upon human gullibility.    The
pected, however, for presumably in
Russia, as elsewhere, theoreticians and
ideological experts are far more plentiful than men of Bense and sound judgment. It would, indeed, be a strange
country if auch were not the case. The
development of the Russian situation
will be watched with absorbing inter-*
est. There ib no telling what it may
lead to.
quicksands.   This is scarcely to be ex- joke ia on us, the workers of the world,
And among all living things we are the
only workera in the bunch possessed of
a gullibility that would make the perpetuation of auch a clumsy joke possible.   And that is no joke.
0. 8. HARRISON, Manager,
branTiUe and Fender
Don't stow away yoar spars
cash la any old corner where it is
in danger from burglars or tre.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
0. K. STAOEY, Manager
> Bastings and Oarrall
THESE ABE THE days made sacred to tho regime of property.
Property rules tho world. ,The
owner of property haa a standing in the
life of nations, that is not possessed By
he who haa no pro-
THE WORKING perty. The merit, tha
OLASS AS worth, the virtue, the
PROPERTY. Importance of the individual in human society is determined solely by the magnitude of property under his ownership
and control. If this bearcat, the owner
becomes an outstanding figure in the
community, even though devoid of all
other talents. He may be ignorant, low,
mean, coarse, vile, brutal and contemptible in every way imaginable, but his
property absolves him from all sin and
transforms him into a substantial citizen and foremost man of affairs. He
may be a moral lepen and a justifiable
incitement to an intense end robust disgust to every decent and clean thinking
person, but the vory fact of his property washes his dirty soul as white as
the driven snow to the befuddled vision
of tho ignorant and servile multitude,
that is eternally affrighted at shadows,
terrified to its undoing by ghosts and
cheated of all the real pleasures of existence by means of the ridiculous flimflams and silly protensiona of the cunning rogues and beneficiaries of property.
• *      *
Property spells power.   The men of
the greatest property aro the men who
wield the greatest power. The Morgana,
Rockefellers and such so-called great
men of affairs of today, are the ones
who really wield the power that determines the policy of nations. The welfare of the great domiaant property interests cannot for a moment be overlooked by governments and alleged
statesmen. Even in the time of wnr, or
other great national emergency, the
protection of thoBO property interests
muat be the flrat consideration. In case
of war, though some of those interests
may perchance suffer, it will be purely
accidental or due to inefficiency or blundering upon the part of government,
and not aa a result of calculated design. No government yet engaged in
the present war has deliberately interfered with or destroyed any vested
rights in property, no matter how obstinately such property rights havo
stood in the way of a successful prosecution of the war. Every encroachment
upon property and its' prerogative of
proflt, that has been made necessary,
has been carried out with the moat scrupulous regard for the sanctity of property and with the most manifest inclination to avoid disturbing its foundations. That tho most tender solicitude
for the institution of property and Its
preservation haa been continuoualy
manifoatod by all of the governments
involved in this war, is one of the most
outstanding facts of our time.
* *      *
What is property?. Of what doea its
virtue consist f Why is he who haB it a
man of great consequence in human affairs, while he who hath it not is rated
aa a no-good, a bum, a worthless parson, ono to be shunned by respectable
ment These ere questions easily answered, if even a cursory examination of
the matter be flrat made. Property, if
it is to be a power in the hands of its
possessor, must be endowed with the
virtue pf bringing something to that
possessor that he could not otherwise
obtain. It must bring to him some*
thing of value, something brought into
existence outside of himself and the ex-
penditure of his own onergy. Property,
must, therefore, be a creator of value,
and its ownership and control be a
menns whereby the,owner can appro-
priato that value unto himself. Now it
so happens that there is but one thing
rcactionnry ascendency is almost cer- on ctlTia t|,ttt cnn creaje vajue (a8 meas-
tain. But that the general trend will, mei in „change, and that Is the only
be alwaya onward ond upward is nia0 intelligible way o* expressing value in
sure.    Either that or all theories re* ,eiation to property), and thatie humaa
An ambassador has been defined as
"an honest man who is seat abroad to
llo for hia eouotry."
To thoae who have shall be given—
those who have nothing shall be pinched
for having it aad "vagged" for having nothing else.
Agriculturists* are urged to increase
their acreage and grow larger crops.
This will tend to increase the volume of
business, by giving the food speculators
and other equally deserving ones, more
products to handle. By this means the
"bit" they can do for their country
will be perceptibly enlarged.
A free govornment with an uncontrolled power of military conscription is a
solecism at once the most ridiculous and
abominable that ever entered into the
head of man.—Daniel Webster. Thia is
especially recommended for the consideration of United Statea readers, and
probable victims of that which Webster so emphatically condemned.
At the outbreak of the war, England
and Wales had a population of 649 per
square mile, while the German empire
had but 318 per square mile. And yet
it is often aaBerted thot "Germany was
forced to expand or burst." Or, as the
kaiser expressed it, "get a place in the
sun.'' It rather looks as though there
is still room for much interesting speculation in regard to the reasons lying
behind this war.
One hundred New York city policemen hnvo been sent to a machine gun
factory to bo taught how to handle
these delightful little contrivances, presumably against the Germans when
they attack the" city. If any one is so
queer in the head as to fancy thnt they
are to be used against tho working people of the eity in case of strike or
other unseemly happening his head
needs fixing.
It is stated that Bethmann-Hollweg,
the official mouthpiece of German para*
noa (that ia what Irvin Cobb terms it),
is about to voice another peace offer.
He should not tire himself thusly. If
he will but exercise due pntiance, the
time will eventually como when he snnd
his crazy autocratic bunch will be almighty glad to take anything thoy oan
get. In fact they are taking it now,
although they do not seem to liko it
any too well.
Por utternnces in the state senate of
Wisconsin that touched upon the.raw
spot of machine made patriotism, a socialist membor was recently expelled
from that august body. Tho raw spot
is Still raw, and all persons aro hereby
notified to refrain from making any reference to that sort of patriotism that
is only aroused and fed by human butchery and the destruction of property,
moro especially the latter.
garding the growth and development of
human society go for naught.
* * *
It is about as reosonnblc to expect
thnt any given people cnn skip a period
in sociaf evolution, ns to expect a seed
once planted to immediately become the
perfect blossom, without bothering to
go through thc intervening stages of
growth nnd unfoldmcnt. And yot there
evidently nro those in Bussln nnd elsewhere who really expect that country to
skip from thc absolutism of Czardom
to the benutitudos of tho millenium,
without thc bitter experiences of the
intermediate journey. The Russian situation is at present by no menns assuring to Entente hopes nnd aspirations.
The confusion nnd threatening chaos
thot is painfully in evidence presages
thc probable total climinntion of Bussin
na o helpful factor in the further prosecution of the wnr. This will ndd to thc
already heavy bunion of thc Entente
Allies. But it will have to Jic borne,
and it might ns well bc chccrfjlly as
otherwise. A world job is on, and whatever of democracy tbero is on earth
new, nnd all thot may bo hoped fnr In
tho future, depends upon thnt job being
labor. That animal, supposed to be human, tho worker, is the sole creator of
exchange or property value. All property valuo at any timo exlating, no matter how great its magnitude as expressed in the statistics of tho time, is due
solely to the presence and activities of
the working1 class, the wealth producers
of thnt time. Being the sole producers
of value, as expressed ia terms of
wealth or proporty, it is easily to be
seen thnt tho working cIobs constitutes
all there is to that sacred and m«ch*
revered institution termed property.
Thc workers of tho world constitute tho
property of the world, or rather the
property of tho ruling claBs of the
world. Thero isn't anything elso to
property. JuBt workers, that's all.
Thero is- nothing elBe on earth worth
owning, for thero is nothing else that
can bring forth value for the ownery for
nothing. The ownership of lnnds, fnc-
tones, railways,* etc., is "in reality n
clover piece of fllmflnm, n huge joke,
l-ndcr thc pretense of that ownership,
o.ir dearly beloved capitalist brethren
get nway with the ownership, of the
only actunl property on earth, the working clnss.    Stripped of oil hypocrisy
JuBt on indication of the wny wages
are going up may be found in the case
of thc St. Paul man who had to pay
two men *6000 to kill Mb wife. Before
thc war, ho could probably have got the
job dono for less than half the money.
Even after hiring tho men and paying
them tho money, they skipped out and/
left the job undone. This boars out the
contention often mado that even the
beet paid laborers will not work properly unlosa thoy are carefully watched
by the bos8.
The Milwaukee Leader editorially declares that the "German working cIobs
is united in demanding peace—and
peace it will undoubtedly get bofore the
summer is ovor." We would not go
quite that far, however. If the German
working class continues n its blind
loyalty to Hohenzollcrn policy and Hin-
donburg practice, it will get peace all
right enough, although its members
miy not all be pacified "before the
summer ia over." Lot us hopo for the
best, ot any rate.
Senator Cummins, of the United
Statea senate doclares thnt under cover
of tho war, the big industries are deliberately violating the anti-trtiflt lows
of the country. "They are sweeping
into their coffers every day profits that
are staggering,'' aaya Cummins. ' Acting In hysteria, filled with coneorn over
imaginary evils, the administration hns
proposed to congress measures, the like
of which never found their way into
any legislative body in the world."
Cummins says that tho propoBod increase in freights would yield to tho
railways a groas revenue of about MOO,*
000,000 in excess ot presont unparalleled
rovenuos. That 'a good. Everything ia
coming on flne.
A Methodiat preacher in North Carolina waa recently given 80 days at hard
labor for enticing Negro laborera to
leave the atate. It is all right and perfectly proper for a preacher to entice
the souls of "niggers" to paradise and
eternal glory after death, but any one
eaa readily see that it is an unwarranted and impudent assumption of authority to Induce them to shift masters for
the purposo of bettering their earthly
condition. "Let the shoemaker stick
to his last,'.' and the preacher refrain
from meddling with the gross material
Interests of Tow-down niggers, either
black, white, brown or yellow. It is
unnecessary to specify working niggers,
for thoro is no other kind..
their labors, are due to a lack
of eomprehenaion of tho apiritual qualities of labor and the physical needs of
real spirituality."
Gee whizl And we were so stupid as
to believe it was due to the fact that
labor was enslaved and robbed. The
above gem, however, dispels the fog
that previously elouded our vision, aad
makes clear to us what waa previously
obscure aad hidden. Thia gem of lucidity was dropped from the lips of ono
evidently well qualified to give expression to tho essence of slavery and exploitation, in terms calculated to avoid
giving shock to the sensitive spiritual
souls of modern slave masters and highbinders of great wealth. Which, of
course, ia far better than to call a
spado a spade.
That brilliant economist, George W.
Perkins, of the United States senate,
and the U. S. Steel corporation, suggests
the extermination of thousands of
dogs and cats,' 'as an economic measure, thereby saving the oost of their
keep. Well, not exactly saving it
either, but turning it to the purposes of
tho war. We beg to suggest that the
extermination of " thousands " of profit-sucking leeches like unto tho illustrious Perkins and his tribe, would effect
a far greater economic saving than the
elimination of many times tho same
aumber of eats and dogs. We do not
mean the elimination of Perkins, et al.,
by killing them, but by setting them to
raisiag spuda, onions and other delicacies. Just merely the elimination of
them from  their present mischevious
Sursuits.   We would wiah them no sudor fate.
Let those who decry the attitude of
President Samuel Gompers, of the
American Federation of Labor, as well
as a half dozen other heads of labor
unions, in joining with representatives
of the Manufacturers' association—a
union of capitalists that for yeara have
blacklisted, throttled and bullied the
laboring man—and with other civio
bodioB ln what is known as the • Council
of National Defence and AdviBory commission,' remembor that this is the first
time in the history of the country that
the government hns even considered the
labor unions in a conduct of war and
govornment policy of such wide soope."
•Ex. -"
Bight you nre brother, right you are.
It is indeed tho first time the United
Stntes government ever did anything of
tho sort. But take it from us that
there is a very good reason for its action in tho preeent case. This is the
first time in its history that the government ever found it necessary to recognize the. trado union movement in order
to hamstring and emasculate it. Any
ono who has been born in that country
and for more than a good hnlf-ccntury
had tho opportunity to become fnmiliar
not only with its history, but tho his*
tory of its trado union movement,
should not be led astray in regard to
tho significance of this recent governmental chummy treatment of labor.
Why not even tho ultra-autocratic Gcr*
man rulers could have fought tho present war without flrst having established chummy relations with tho organized
labor movoment of that country. No
war can be fought by any of the great
modern stntes without permission of the
organized labor movement, except by
hamstringing and emasculating it.
It is surprising how much less ob*
jectionnble an obnoxious thing may bo
whon given a good name. Enforced
military service based upon the press
gangs was unspeakably bad. Indiscriminate drafting by lot was only n little
better. Solective conscription has almost an appealing sound."—The Pub-
The highly cultivated hypocrites of
our timo are past masters in tho noble
art of word juggling in ordor to gloss
ovor their damnable trickery, ao that
their 'ulterior motives mny riot^bo too
rendily disclosod to the common mob.
"Benevolent assimilation" was the
happy term invented by the versatile
McKinley to render the rnpo of the
Philippines and their inhabitants less
obnoxious to the citizens of the country
in whose name he did it. To thoughtful
men, however, theso fine phrnses hide
nothing. A skunk by any other name
would atink the Bame. "Selective conscription '' is only another way of spelling autocratic military rule. Onco a
people is weak or stupid enough to allow
it to be forced upon them, all liberty is
as good as lost. Wherever it is foisted
upon a people by their elected representatives, who have received no mandate
to that effect by those who elected
them, it is tho duty of the electorate to
oust theso usurpers of authority at the
flrst legitimate opportunity nnd replace
them by representatives pledged to legally undo the wrong that has thus been
illegally done them.
ant and third Thursdays. Executive
board; James H. MoVety, president; Fnd A.
Hoover, vice-president; Victor B. Midgley.
general aeeretary, 810 Ltbor Temple; hid
Knowles. treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, atatlati*
du: MtfMnt-at-am*, Oeorge Harrison; A.
J. Crawford, Ju. Campbell, P. Halgl, trua*
Meets  laoead  Monday   In  tht  month.
President, J.  McKinnon;  secretary, B.  H.
Neelanda, P. 0. Boa 6fl. *__
Boom 301 Labor Temple, lleeta Int
Bandar of each month. President, Jamea
Campbell: flnanolal aeerstary, J. Smith, 610
Holden Bldg.; Box 434; phone Sey. 2572;
recording aeeretary, Wm. -MotUshaw, Olobe
Hotel, Mala itreet.
al Union of America, Looal No. 130—
Meeta 2nd and atk- Twodara in the moath*
Boom 206 Labor Temple. Preeldent, L. E.
Herrltt; eecretary, S. H. Orant, 1071 Alberni
■treet.  .
Meet and and 4th Wedneadaya, I pj>.,
Boom 807. Preaident, Ohao. I. Smith; oor-
responding secretary, W. «. Dagnall, Box 88;
flnanclal seoretary, W, J. Pipes.
BREWER? WORKERS, L. U. No. 811, I. U.
U. B. W. at A.—Meets flrst nnd third
Wedneaday of each montb, Room 808, Labor
Temple, 8 p-m. President, A^Bykas; l
tary. Prank Graham, 3880 Twelfth a'
and Iron Ship Baildsra and Helpera of
America. Vaneoaver Lodgo No. 194—Moeta
flrat aad third Mondaya. I P-*». Praaldant,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenne weal;
sserstary, £_ fraser, 1181 Hawa atroot.
020. Meets every Sunday, 8 p.m., Labor
Temple. President. William Walker; vice-
president, J. R. Flynn; secretary-treasurer,
W. A. Alexander, Room 316, Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7495.	
Paoiflo—Meets at 48T Gore avenne every
Tuesday, 1 pjn.   Rnasell Kearley, bnaineaa
•f«a* ;	
sooiatlon, Local 38-52—Offlce and nail,
804 Pender street east. Meets every Than*
day 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, P. Cnsj
business agent, J. Mahone.
—Meets in Boom 806, Labor Temple,
 y Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1168 Powell street ,_re»rdlng
Dougall, 1168 Powell Btreet; recording secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple; flnanolal
aeeretary and business agent, E, H. Morrison,
Boom 207, Labor Tomplo.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President, Wm. Small; reeordlng seeretary, J,
Brooks; flnanolal secretary, J. H. MeVety,
211 Labor Temple.   Seymonr 7496.
tors' Union, Looal 848, I. A. T. S. E. •
M. P. M. 0.—Meets flrst Sunday ef each
month, Room 804, Labor Temple. President,
J. R. Foster; business agent, '8am Haigh;
flnanolal and corresponding sserstary, 0. A.
Hanssn, P. 0. Bon 846.
America—Vaneoaver and vicinity.—
Branoh meeta seeond and foarth Mondays,
Boom 805, Lhbor Temple. President, Ray •
MeDougall, 001 Seventh avenue weet; flnanclal seeretary, J. Campbell, 4680 Argyle
strset: recording seeretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Tew streot.   Phone Bayvlew 2698L.
188—Meeta seeond an foarth Thursdaya
of  each  month,  room  808,  Labor Templo.
President, John McNeil; flnsnclsl seeretsry,
Geo. H. Weston; recording secretary, Jaa.
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple.
ployees, Plonoer Division, No. 101—
MeeU Labor Temple, sscond and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble;
vice-president, E. 8. Cleveland: recording aee,
tary, A. V. Lofting, 8661 Trinity strsst.
phone Highland 168R; flnanolal secretary and
business agent, Fred A. Hoover, 8404 Clark
drive, offlce corner Prior and Main streets.
Good old "Mother Partington" is
still busy with her broom. A bill has
been introduced in the house of representatives at Washington which provides "a flne of $10,000 or imprisonment for three years on any person or
firm which attempts to create fictitious
prices on goods, and in addition provides for confiscation of goods on which
an attempt has been made to fix fictitious prices," And yet it is not "fictitious" prices that nre working our undoing, but actual prices. Rut como to
think of it, any one who would "attempt to fix fictitious prices" 'iipnn his
goods ought to bo pinched, fined, imprisoned nnd despoiled. If he is not
satisfied with renl -prices ns thoy exist
from day to day during these lovely
war times, he must bo nutty. "Mother
Partington" is a dcur old soul. She Is
"Present-day inequalities, that make
one class rich without the necessity of
work  and  another class  poor  despite
America, Looal No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Preal*
dent, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, Miss
H. Gutteridge; reeordlng aeeretary, W. W.
Hoeken, Box 608; financial sscretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 608.	
last Bunday ot each month at 3 p.m.
Presldsnt, H. 0. Benson; vloe-preeldeat,
W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, B. H.
Neelande, P. 0. Box 06.
Plctorla, B. 0. P. 0. address Box 02. Looal
union meeta flnt and third Sunday, 10 a.m.
Plaoa of moating, Labor Hall DeCosraos blk.
Presldsnt. J. Johns, 832 Dallas road; seera-,
tary, J, M. Amer, 1045 MeOlure street; business agent, 8. Cullum. phono 1101B. -
Seattle Typo. Scale.
Tho newspaper scale at Seattlo,
Wash., has been increased 25 cents a
day. A seven-hour day or night still
prevails, as for sovernl yenrs pnBt, and
the increase places the wago at $6 for
night work and 45.50 for dny work, The
agreement also provides for locnl arbitration in settling disputes, recognizes
the local priority law, and the right of
the union to enforce a five-day law
undor certain conditions.
Poultry Wanted
Phona  Seymour 1097
" 910 Oranr-Wo Bt
C°AL ,?|Ptat *!l*tl °' ">■ Dominion, In
^Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta/ the
Yukon Territory, tho North-West Territories
and In a portion of tbe Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of 81 an aore.
Not more than 2,660 aeres will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for a leaso must be made by
tho applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district In which the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must bo des-
scribed by sections, or legsl sub-divisions of
sections, and In unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of 86 which will be refunded If tht
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. -A royalty shall be paid on .the
merchantable output of the mlno at the rate
of Ave cents per ton,
Tho person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting
for the full 'quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the
coal mining rights are not boing operated
snch returns should bo furnished at least
once a yesr,
Tho lease will Include the coat mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46
Qcorgo V. SfiseRted to 12th June, 1014.
For full Information application should be
made to the Socretary of t(ie Department nf
tho Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Rub-.
Agent of Dominion Lands.
* W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of his advertisement will not be paid for.—r 675.
annual convention ln January. Executive
ottoors. 1917-18: President, J. Naylor, Box
415, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vanaou-
ver: Jas. H. MoVety, V, B. Mldgley, Labor
Temple. Victoria) J. Taylor, Box 1816. Van* I
eouver Ialand: W. Hew South Wellington.
Prince Bupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 694.
Now Westminster: W.Yatea, 906 London
atreet. Kootenay Dlatrlct: A. Goodwin. Box
26, Trail. Crowe Neat Valley: W. B. Phil-
lips, 176 MePhsrson avanua. Seeretary*
treasurer: A. 8. Wells, Box 1686, Victoria,
B. 0.
VIOTOBIA TBADES AND LABOR OOUNOIL—MeaU flrst and third Wednesday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p.m. Pnaldent, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1378 Den*
man street; seeretary, B. Simmons, Box 809,
Victoria, B. 0.
bartenders; INTERNATIONAL league
of America, local T84, New Waatmlnator.
Meat! seeond Bunday of eaeh month at 1*80
n.m.   fleeratary. ** W. Jameson, Box 496.
Counoll—Meets seeond and fourth Tuoa*
days of each, month, In Carpenters' hall. Pro*
sldent, 8. D. Macdonald; aeeretary, 3. J.
Anderson, Box 278, Prince Rnpert, B, 0.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OP A.—
Meats second and fourth Sunday of saeh*
month, at 8.80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Ivan:
recording eecretary, Jaa. Bateman; flnanolal
•wn-tary, B. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Blah*
How Much Alive
Are You?
One often hears the ezpreaaion,
"walking around to save funeral
expenses," and while It is Intended as a joke, It is a half
truth. You commence to die when
you commence to loose vitality.
More vital force is hw through
defective eyes than ln any other
way. Allow our specialist to correct your eye defects by means of
lenses glasses, and commence to
8th Floor Birks Building
Seymour 4665 mmm
omouL um w
ombia noBBAnoa or labob
Mb-   I
(In Vaneouvar >
Oisy, 92.00   J
$1.50 PER YEAR
We are Headquarters
for Fishing Tackle
This year ws ut showing a more complete assortment of Fishing Tackle
thtn ever before—tackle te meet the waats of the most critical angler.
Outfits for the hoy or the expert fisherman, ud prices are remarkably
low considering the Increasing coat of practically 111 merchandise. Bead:
STEEL PLY BODS-9% feet: eaoh  12.60
STEEL BAIT BODS-9H feet: eaoh  12.60
COMBINATION BOD—Fly or bait:* eaoh 13.26
STEEL FLY AND BAIT BODS—» feet: eaeh  I1.7J
SPLIT BAMBOO BODS-Eaoh .'..  SIM and 12.25
BOYS' BODS—Bamboo jointed: eaeh..  28c, 60c and 96c
SALMON BODS—High grade, English 16.96 and 19.76
BEBLS^Engllsh walnut; each .76c, fl.45, $2.25 and 19.60
BEELS—Double multiplying: each 86c, 98c, 11.10 and $1.26
EBELS—Quadruplaj each $1.90, $2.16 and $2.36
LINES—A large assortment of the best English and American linos, new
season's stook, at prloea ranging from the 10c boys' line to the highest
grade tapored lines at .$3.26
Every angler should mako a point of inspecting our showing ot
accessories. —Fifth Floor.
Cs touL yous to wty'
OwuoJo Uuourru
0ms& Soof>!
<5<m* Vu, Gufxrt^^m\
——fw9_—Wkmm——m        J
A Tremendous Success
Life's Mighty Drama, Down the Centuries, Seen as
from a Pinnacle in one Sweeping Glance.
The Art of Protecting the
Interest of Slaves of
"Lamp and Pick"
Very Latest in Company
"Lead Pipe Cinch"
- Agreements
Big Symphony Orchestra
and Choir
The First and Only Production by D. W. Griffith
since "The Birth of a Nation"
At Night-25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00, *$ .50
Matinees-25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00
Mainees Daily, 2.30. Evenings, 8.20
[By Joa. Naylor]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor)
striko is still fresh in
the memories of the people of
British Columbia. We aU know
that it ended in a temporary setback to the men who fought so
valiantly for two years for the
right to organize for the purpose
of bettering their conditions,
through recognition of their organization. But very few people
know of the tyrannical methods
used by the coal company officials
after the strike was called off.
Men were kept out of employment for the purpose of bringing
them down to the level of starvation, to make them cringe and
crawl and' promise never to repeat
again the spirit of unionism. We
also know how Bowser was forced
to deal out beans to these same
workers to keep body nnd soul together.
After having helped the operators to
beat the men he was later forced to
feed, to keep them from dying of starvation. We haven't forgotten the
march of the kilties, nor the glistening
of bayonets, the muzzle of machine
guns, sent to the ooal camps on the island by the then attorney-general, Mr.
BowBor, to terrorize, intimidate and
deprive tho miners of the right to organize.
Collective Bargaining.
I am sorry to state that we have individuals amongst us who claim that
there is nothing to be gained by collective bargaining, but the following will
show any rational person that workers
acting as Individuals, even if they possess the intelligence that some are reputed to have, when left as individuals
they are weak, and in a grout number
of cases they aro down and out altogether.
But, anyway, this is the way things
have gone in Cumberland, it having
been proven time and again thnt the
Coal Mines Regulation Act was being
violated by the operators.
Asiatics Vote for "Competency."
A re-oxnminntionof Asiatics holding
certificates of competency as miners,
was brought about by the provincial
authorities, but, by the methods used,
it would lead a person to believe that it
was for the solo purpose of hoodwinking the poople, by having, a roforondum
of all employees.
Now Asiatics are wage slaves, just
the same as Germans or Johnny Bulls,
and are also employees of the Canadian
Colleries. Theso wero given a vote on
who should represent the employees on
tho Examining board, elected by the
men, at a pit head ballot. The company, knowing thut the Oriental vote
would overwhelm tho rest of the votes,
had a man ready to be nominated as
bearor of the Asiatic flag. (I want to
say hero that I have nothing1 against
theso men through race prejudice, but
as sellers of that cheap commodity
labor-power, and ncting as strike-breakers, when the white man tries to hotter
his conidtion, I am bitterly opposed to
them, or any other man that acts as a
truitor to his class).
The nominees for the position of examiner were Jack Horb.try, Thomas
Carney and Robert Henderson. The
latter was at that timo superintendent
of No. 4 mine, and was nominated by
another official, and through the Orientnls having and using thoir franchise,
he was elected by a large majority.
Now, it is plain that had the miners
hero been working collectively instead
of individually, such a thing as this
could not havo happened.
Still thore is worse to come. A few
weeks ago tho men, on going to work,
were told they would have to elect a
grievance committee nnd that thc company also had on "ngreoment" for tho
men to sign.
One of the miners suggostod that the
employees hold a mass meoting and dis-
cusb tho terms of the proposed agree-
mci.t. One of the mine managers present sottled thiB question by distinctly
telling the person who had the temerity
to propose such a thing, that there
would be no mass meetings; that the
company would not tolerate such a
thing, and that they had to discuss, ac
cept or reject the agreement in the presence of the officials; refusal to sign
meant dismissal, so I am informed.
The election of this committee was tho
greatest farce ever. Bosses nominating
chairmen; contractors nominating committee men, and a whole lot of other
stuff too disgdstlng to waste time on.
That "Agreemnt."
Following is the "agreement" that
this "committee" haa signed and the
company has forced upon the men, with*
out them having the privilege of even
reading it:
Canadian Colloriea and Iheir underground
employees, entered into hy a pit-head bsllot,
2nd day of March, 1917:
Employera and-employees enter Into mutual
promises, agreements, terms and conditions,
and hereinafter do mutually, covenant, promise and agree, with eaeh other, as followa:
To wit:
1. The company will, during the period of
thin agreement, five and maintain or continue
to and for the employees, sueh employment as
It may from time to time consider that It
ean eonvonlontly ao give, maintain and continue.
2. The employeea ahall and will accept
suoh employment as and whon offered by the
company, upon and subject to tbe limitation*,
promises, agreements, terms and conditions
hereinbefore and hereafter mentlonud.
Article 2.
Seo. 1.   This agreement shall begin, as of
the flrat day of March, 1917, and shall con*
tinuo until the flrat day of October, 1919,
2. The net basis »tss, terms and conditions whloh are now in effect at Comox
mines, Numbers 4. 6, A -and 7, shall continue
during the term of this agreement except aa
hereinafter provided. ;
8. Ihirlng the term of this agreement the
company will pay to its employes who are
engaged in the classes of work named in
schedules A and B attached hereto and made
a part hereof, a bonus of 10 per cent, on all
basis ratea and wages nauu-d ia schedules A
and B hereof.
The oompany further agrees that during the term of this agreement it will pay to
its employeea who are engaged In the classes
of work named ln schedules A and B attached hereto and a part thereof, «n additional
bonus of 5 per cent, on the basis rates and
wages named, auch bopus, however, to be
paid only to those employees who work at
least 22 daya in each calendar month unless
prevented by sickness, aa evidenced by a doctor's certificate, and aniens prevented from
working through orders given by the company
or its proper officials; this bonus if earned,
to be included in the pay check for the last
half of each month.
Until tbe conclusion of the present war
in Europe, or until the British government
shall have declared a cessation of hostilities,
the company will pay a-wur bonus of 6 per
cent, ou the basil rates named In schedules
A and B thereof.
6. The system of dockage Inspection as
now practiced at Comox mines Numbers 4, fi,
0 and 7 ahall be continued with penalties for
refuse matter as provided in schedule A
hereof, including dismissal fur excess refuse
after investigation.       *.;
7. In the event of dismissal for excess
refuse, the party so dismissed may appeal to
the company's district superintendent, whose
decision shall be final.
Tho company agrees that when it takes
a miner from the face and requests him to do
any work, he shall receive the miners' day
rato, but when the company has no work at
the (ace, and a miner temporarily electa to
perform day work1, then hit shall be paid the
regular day work wage pertaining to tbe
ciass of such work in which he engages.
9. -The company agrees that beginning
with the montb of April, 1U17, It will pay the
employees semi-monthly, and on the flrst Saturday after the first day. uf each month, will
pay the flrst half of the preceding month,
and on the flrst Saturday after the 15th day
of oach month, will pay the last half of the
preceding montb. Two days before each pay
day the oompany will furnish a statement
showing the earnings and deductions of each
' ■>. The employees will elect an agreement
company at a duly called pit-head ballot of
the underground employees at eaoh mine,
suoh committee to consist of two employees
to represent each mine, and la the event of
the company opening a sew mine, then there
shall be two members representing such
mines. Any member ceasing, to be an employee, ceases to be one of the committee.
Any vacancy on the agreement committee
ahall be filled within threo daya after such
vacancy exists.
The company and committee ahall meet on
or about the first Saturday ln eaoh month at
the company's offlce at auch hour as may be
agreed upon, between the management and
the chairman of the committee.
Special meetings mat bo called any time
by the company or the chairman of the Committee.
11. Any employee having a grievance or
dispute shall, before or after working hours,
lay the aame before the committee at that mine
and the committee to lay It before the management, any dispute that may arise between
the employees and mine officials, or any just
complaints of tbe employees or any question
whioh may arise as to the Interpretation and
operation of this agreement, or any modification thereof, and any suggestions tending to
improve the working conditions of the employeea, or benefit the operations of the company.
15. It is expressly understood and agreed
that pending the hearing and adjustment of
any dispute or grievance during the term of
tbls agreement, there shall be no stoppage of
work, individually or collectively, by the employees, and the employees will not, during
tbe term of tbls agreement, collectively abandon or give up work in any way or manner
inconsistent with or contrary to the true intent aud moaning of these presents; and furthor, that thoy will not'individually abandon
or give up work except for good and valid
reasons solely pertaining to such individual
and not In any way or manner inconsistent
with or contrary to the true intent and meaning of these presents.
IS. It Ib mutually agreed that the operation of any mine shall not be suspended in
event of a fatal accident..occurring In such
mine nor during the day of the funeral of
any employee, but any employee desiring to
absont himself from work for tbe purpose of
attending the funeral shall have the privilege of doing ao upon his own time, unless
he obtains consent of the proper officials of
the company.
17. Any employee absenting himself without permission, for two or more consecutive
days in any month, shall be liable to dlsyiis-
sal without notice. And any employee ab'
aenting himself more than four days in any
month, ahall be liable to suspension or dismissal.
18. Tbe employees agree that, through the
chairman and secretary of the agreement committee, they will, in the month of October,
1019, duly call a pithead meeting of the underground employees at Comox mines, represented by the agreement committeo, and that
at the said pithead meeting, each mine will
nominate and elect two employees to be members of the agreement committee, and will
authorise said committee to nogotiato with
the company for a ratification and continuation of the present agreement for a further
period to be agreed upon, and If requisite for
a modification thereof.
19. After thiB agreement ahall have been
signed by the proper officers of the company
and by the agreemont committee duly appointed and authorised to sign by the employees,
It shall become binding on both parties, and
thereupon all employees, who are working for
the company shall Immediately sign a book
containing a copy of this agreement beforo
entering tbe employ of the company.
20. The employees hereby covenant, promise and agree to faithfully obey, observe
and oarry out all the proper rules and regulations which the company haa heretofore
made and which are now in force-* or which
the company may hereafter make or provide
for tho safety and protection of its employees and for the safe and efficient operation and protection of Us minea, machinery,
workB, ways and all other matters and things
in connection with the mines, or in any way
Incidental thereto, and furthor, that the employees Bhnll and will faithfully and diligently make, do, perform and carry out their
work In an orderly, skillful and officiunt
Schtduli k.
Mining, Yardage and Timbering; Mining
Kates; Pick Coal—For all Beams now operating a base rate of G8 cents per ton, with s
bonus of 10 per cent,, making 84 cents, and
the war bonus of fi per cont. for 22 days or
over, making a total of 70 cents per ton.
Machine Coal—Kates for cutting to be
agreed upon by the company and agreement
committee. If any new mines are opened tip
by the company iu the Comox district, the
rates shall be agreed upon between tho company and this committee.
Dockage—Tbe system of dockage Inspection with penalties fur refuse matter of each
mine will bo as follows: Numbers 4 and 7,
up to and including 100 lba. of refuse per
car, double dockage. Over 200 lba. dismissal after Investigation. Not. 5 and 6, up to
and Including 50 lbs, of refuse per car,
double dockage. Over 50 lbs. and Including
100 lbs., confiscation of car. Over 100 lbs.
refuse, dismissal after Investigation.
Yardage—The present system and rates
prevailing In the mines shall continue during
the period of this agreement, except that at
the beginning of each month the management
mar fix a price to bo paid under normal conditions in several working places.
Track Laying—The present system and
rates prevailing in the mines shall continue
daring the period of this agreemont.
Timbering—Tho presont system and rates
prevailing in the mines shall continue during
the period of tbls agreement.
Lowest basis wage, $1.25; highest, »3.O0.
Lowest ,with full percentage, 91.60; highest, 18.80.
Tha Alterations.
How any person, having read this
agreement and who, atlll persists in boing a non-union mnn, and a believer in
Individual trading of labor-power, ia beyond my ken. If any person is still in
doubt I would advise them to get agreements from tho organized districts and
compare them with the one herein mentioned.
I would also liko those conscription
howlers to just think a little and they
will seo why the voluntary system has
been a failure. Doea any man or woman
think that men working undor saeh
damnable conditions will mnke good
conscripts; well knowing thnt if thoy
survive tho terrors of war, thoy hnve
nothing to look forward to, but such
working conditions ns theso.
The only solution for this atate of affairs is industrial unionism,  As long as
The Political and Industrial
Lordship Maintained
World Ready for Education
System Based on Facts
of Science
[By \V. W. Pannoll]
Countless pages have beon written
concerning th-e-shortcomings and needs
of the urban und rurul schools. New
text books havo been written according
to precise pedagogic ideas; new seats
devised along the Hues of the latest
ideas on sanitary and physical seating,
and teachers educated in the science of
pedagogy from every concoivable angle.
And yot despite theso many changes,
somo progressive, some retrogressive,
that bave taken place in the world's
edacational machinery, we still hear the
same complaint; That both the urban
and rural schools do not educate the
future citizens to be open minded, scientific and progressive artisans and workers, says The Tailor.
On looking at the educational question from the standpoint of a student,
we find the fault to lie, not with the
individuals laboring so unselfishly to
make the path of life easier for those
just starting out on the long journey,
but we do find that the so-called
"faults" are merely conditions that
are the logical outcome of tho "system" of secular, religious and technical
education now in vogue.
Baling Class ideas.
Our entire educational machinery,
both urban and rural, is based upon the
idea of class distinctions, of leader and
led. The ideal generally preached and
crammed into the minds of the coming
citizens is that of those who have
amassed wealth through the possession
of some of the natural resources of life,
thereby creating a dislike for manual
labor and a corresponding mental con*
dition of servility. Here it iB taught
that only those of a social and mental
inferiority have to work for a living,
that is, by manual labor, and tbat the
most "prominent citizens" and
"great men" are "leaders" or "drivers'.' of the "mob," meaning the common people. The mental condition produced by the instilling of these ideas in
the minds of the school population produces wbat we call'' plnve psychology,''
The rjral schools ure permeated with
tho slave psychology in the same degree as the urban schools. There is difference only in manner, not in degroc.
Producing Obedient Slaves.
By "slavo psychology" wo menn
that staeof mind that is conducive to
the production of an obedient slave.
The boy that plays with guns, toy cannons, etc., and finds in them his great
delight, will have instilled in his mind
the military viewpoint—we call thnt
"soldier psychology." The girl thnt
plays with dolls generntes the "maternal psychology," thc boy with machines tho "mechanical psychology,"
and so on down through a lint as long
as the activities of the human rncc.
To Obey Without Demur.
Thc "slnvo psychology" in tin- public schools, rural nnd urban, is bused
upon the severo, arbitrary educational
codes, discipline nnd rules, according to.
which the boy or girl ia trnincd as nn
obedient slave to the powors that bo.
Right or wrong, tho schoolmaster or
schoolmistress is held out to them as
the personification of imperial power
that must be obeyed without question
or domur. This attitudo of mind produces a person who, when he comes race
to face with the actual work of the
world, will obey tho powers of politicul
and industrial lordship without quostion, a slave whose only chains are
false ideas, produced by un irrational
system of education which placed
"credits" and "diplomas" above the
natural development of the child's
"Leaders" and "Superior Brains,"
A revolutionary working class movoment can not bc built upon intellectual
foundation afforded by orthodox education. The effect of this education on
the minds of the workers is easily soon
in the labor unions, whore at times nn
official clique, composed of middle cluss
lenders, rules tbe rank and file with
iron hands, bending even the ideas of
tho rank and file In conformity to thc
wisdom of "superior brains." Even in
tho socinlist party, the only political
party founded upon revolutionary economic ideas in America, ore found the
effects of capitalistic education. We
have recently undergone the humiliation of seeing middle class memberB of
tho socialist party try to ovorride tbe
will of the majority, claiming the
power ob possessors of "superior
brains" and as "leaders" to do things
that the rank and file had forbidden in
words not raisunderstnndable,
Science and Revolution.
Tho world awaits the organizntion of
an educational system based on the established facts of science, in which tho
pupil will be a seeker after truth and
not a digester of stale rules. No great
libertarian movemont of recent years
has attained even momentary success
without the establishment of schools,
study classes, in which the "slave psychology" of tbe so-culled publio schools
Is unlearned and tho libertarian Idea of
the scientist instituted in its place. The
working class, having nothing to lose
and all to gain, can attain itB ideal—
tho social and industrial emancipation
of the workera from tho curse of poverty, profits and fnilure—only by substituting for tho "slnvo psychology"
of orthodox education tho facts of revolution and science.
capitalism lasts we shall have struggle
after struggle, and we will forever
march onward nnd onward, until tho
workers nre educated to thut point
whero they will havo tho intelligence
to keep the things they produce, for use,
and eliminate forever thut accursed
I thing—profit, '
Union-made Guaranteed B.C. Made
Honestly made      . The Best Made.
. . , -r-' ■ *■■ - -    ,■-
The New Special
double value. Two overalls for the price of one.
Made in
Carhartt's Union Factory
For your kitchen, Wellington nut	
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump ;       * $7.50
Comox Nut -" &50
Comox Pea „ __ 4.50
(Try out tet Ooal for yonr undorfood funic*)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Fighting the High Cost
The materials used for operating and
maintaining electric railway and light and
power lines have enormously increased in
the last few years.
High wages and the cost of living have
sent our expenses skyward.
Yet the cost of our service to the public
has either remained the same or has de-
Efficient management has done it. We
have pitted better methods of operation
against increased cost, and the public gets
the benefit.
Counted on the purchasing value of a
dollar today, the public gets cheaper service
than it received heretofore.
But there is a limit to our ability to defeat the rising costs, and we bespeak fair
and reasonable consideration of our problems.
(JtG&ia&rtc PAGE POUR
PBIDAY...: May 18, 1917
The kind of Sulta the boyi like to wear ue now on diaplay.   Pinch
Backs, Norfolk!, ud ell tha new ud np-to-date itylea are ahown.
TeL Sey. 70S
SOt to SU Hastings Street Weat
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street. Phone, 1268. Greenhouses and Nur-
eery, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 819.
HAMMOND, B. 0.: Oreenhouaea and Nuraery on 0. P. B. Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Tree* and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Eegiatered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
48 Haatinga Street Eaat.   Phonea, Seymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
The Sign
Lard        Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
. BRITISH COLUMBIA      >    .
Along line of P. 0. E. Bailway open park line Undo. The finest mixed
farming landa In the province.
Oood water, beat of hunting and fishing. The aettlera who have gone
ln there are all booatera, aa they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Welton Block, Vucoutot
Pure Milk T Union Labor
The milk aupplled by thla
dairy la pure tu every aenae of
the word.
All the bottlea and utenaila
uaed by thla dairy are thoroughly
Our milk aupply cornea from
the Fraaer Valley.
Our dairy equipment covera all
known appliancei for the proper
treatment and eanitary handling
of milk.
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf OOet:
Seymonr S98S
Uptown Offlcot
Seymour US
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Seymour 8488
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN IBID, Proprietor
Manufacture™ of
Mm aad Worki: TMth itmt        NEW WBSmmm, B. 0.
Lord's Day Alliance,
Editor B. C. PederationiBt: Tour
correspondent, Mr. Huestis, ullegos
that there Is considerable ignorance
abroad.as to the aims of thc Lord's
Day Alliance; and then proceeds to
make a statement which I believe is
calculated to increase that ignorance.
He says: "It is not the - use of
Sandfly for pleasure and recreation
that the Alliance opposes, but thc business of amusement, the exploiting of
some people for gain in order that
other people may have amusement"
(on Sunday, I presume, Mr. Huestis.)
In other words, the Alliance is not
opposed to baseball, golf, concerts,
theatrical performances, picture shows
and other forms of innocent amusement on the Sabbath, provided that
there is no element of exploitation
connected therewith. Now, if this be
bo, I publicly make the most object
apology for the crass ignorance which
has led me from observation of the
speeches and methods of these people
to form an adverse opinion of their
organization. It is not Sunday amusement that they are against; it is exploitation for gain.
Henceforth I will refer the narrow-
minded bigots who would prevent the
boys going fishing on Sunday to the
secretary of the Lord's Day Alliance. I
will point out that tho boys are not
employed by any fishmonger nor do
they intend to sell or barter or in any
nther way bring in tho degrading customs of business into their exciting adventure. Thoy juBt prefer to go and
fish on Sunday than to go to Sunday
school and hear about Fetor going
Or when exception is taken to a
Sunday dance, or merely to the extension of a Saturday dance to twenty-
five minutes to one a.m. precisely of
the clock, I will say, but there is no
exploitation connected with it. The
young people dance out of the fulness
of their joy, just as David danced before the ark. And just so long as
nobody is making any money out of
the sandwiches ana coffee, it is all o. k.
Now, all this is according to the
statement of Mr. Huestis. If he really believes that, we admire him for it,
but must say that he is a bigger man
than his creeds.
Our experience is that it is the
am'jsement and not the exploitation
that all other Sabbatarians that we
have met are opposed to. It is their
desire to force people to keep the
Sabbath holy in their particular way
and not the fact that men are overworked by Sunday labor.
Who ever heard of the church or
the Alliance giving itB support to the
endeavor of the workers to prevent
that "cumulative fatigue" which is
the result of long hours and speeding
Whnt church raised its voice in support of the recent strike of the employes of the Canadian Explosives Co,
against Sunday labor, among othor
things! The fact is, the church has
become entirely the handmaiden of the
state and the masses are left to work
out their own salvation as best they
Mr. Huestis regrets that the present writer has not read history more
diligently. It is beca'ase he has read
history more diligently than anything
elso that ho is not fooled by pulpit,
press and politician regarding the present devils dance in Europo, It is because he haB read diligently the history of the church that he has a
wholesome contempt for its servility.
In the reign of Diocletian, Christians
were put to death for refusing military
servico. One Maximiliames upon being enrolled as a soldier said that he
was a Christian and that thorofore he
could not fight. That was the attitude of the early Christians. It was
in line with the teaching of Christ.
But s.o completely has tho church sold
its birthright for a mess of pottage
that today beforo a man can bo a soldier he has to take oath upon a copy
of the Gospel of Peaee, which denies
both the spirit of war and the taking of oaths. And the highest and
moat coveted honor which the state
confers upon the soldier takes the
form of a Cross. He that hath ears to
hear, let him hear.
Europe is mad; stark, raving mad.
And the pulpit has united with the
prosB and the politician to intensify
that madness until the nations cense
from very exhaustion.
Mr. Huestis has touched on othor
matters which might call for aome
comment, but they are further from the
subject. Let him, howover, publish
in The Federationist nny statements
from the literature of the Lord's Day
Alliance in support of hiB contention
that they aro not opposed to Sunday
amusements if carried on apart from
exploitation and we feel sure that
many people who are, like the present
writer, opposed to his organization,
will modify their opinions considerably.
The following resolution has
been idopted unanimously by the
Betail Clerks' association:
"Resolved, that members of
the Betail Clerks' association do
everything ln their power to
boost the sale of 'Made ln B. 0.
goods,' If manufactured by union
labor, in preference to goods made
outside the province."
isli methods in publio affairs. '-The Westminster Reconstruction committee haB no
more vital problem to cunsiik'r than the pre-
nervation of the Engliah language and the
removal of the barriers to the uae and enjoy-
ment of English caused by our slovenly and
systemlesa English spelling.
All English-speaking universities have
been guilty of neglecting the basis of all
learning, the alphabet; those of the mother-country unfortunately most so, Perhaps
the frank statement of one gentleman indicates a main cause of university inertia, lie
said, "If spelling were simplified, one would
be unable to distinguish the educated from
the uneducated,1' and added, "1 don't want
the English language mnde easy for foreigners; 1 would rather it were more difficult."
We "have the letters Cadmus gave," but
they wore not meant for tho slaves of prejudice and lethargy, and our alphabet Is
half in ruins. We have twelve well-recug-
nizud vowel-sounds and only five vowel-let-
ters to represent themj and the clumsy 2-
letter notation we have resorted to, In a,
number of Anglo-Saxon words, has been used
without method, making confusion worse
confounded. Every kind of scholarship is
endangered by this barrier at the gateway
of knowledge. English pronounclatiun suffers greatly. In Month Africa, our language
is coaimonly becoming "baboo English";
the Dutch schools, having a rational spelling-
system, aro preferred to the English, and
English is not thoroughly learnt even by
teachers, one of whom reported that the
children were "taughed drawing." In New
Zealand and Australia, the careless Essex
and Cockney dialect prevails. The words
day and die are . pronounced alike, paper
and piper, height and hate. The tendency
to put the diphthong "ai" into as many
words bb possible is not checked - by any
rational vowel notation, for this sound Is
variously denoted as "ay," ' 'eye,'' and
"I"; alao by "1," "ie ' and "el," and
shares these notations with other sounds.
Sir Isaac Pitman and Dr. A. J. Ellla did
their boat laat century to rescue us from the
nightmare of English spelling, but we have
not awakened yet. Their phonotype alphabet Is Ute beBt basis we have to work from,
and as such is uted hy all students of phonetics—though often without acknowledgment. The phonotypes for the long vowels
are the familiar letters slightly modified,
the usual letters boing retained for the much
more frequently used short vowels, heard In
the words pat, pet, pit, pot and put.
The great need of an alphabet for the
147 languages and SOO dialects of India affords an avenue of hope. We surely cannot
long refuse the great duty of our empire to
give Romanic letters for optional use in India, and by fulfilling this duty we may ourselves learn what a phonetic alphabet is,
and that It Is essential to the civilisation of
,a true democracy.
• Why are our University-magnates content
with our disgraceful alphabet! Their contentment, whatever its causes, could be shattered forever If every trained and conscientious teacher would clamor for alphabet restoration and the riddance of what other nations see Is "Incredibly antiquated spelling." We must have a true alphabet to
teach. Where there Is a will thore ia a way
—with professors. ' I do not commend the
way which the great revolutionists took with
floor Lavosler, who was doing his duty, bnt
t Ib easy to understand what selfish negligence brought out the saddest words ever
spoke In a revolution: "We do not need
learned men."
There are several earnost persons In our
Province pressing the question of rationalizing English spelling. One of them, at Kelowna, has had the privilege of presenting
the subject this Easter In a paper read at
the meeting of the Ontario Educational Association of Toronto. The Ontario educationists are In the honorable position of leaders,
and are alive to the evil of University negligence; but there are also brave pioneers of
reformed spelling In Nova Scotia, and with
these also we Bhould join hands across thc
prairie. As Wordsworth said, "Two voices
are there, one Is from the sea, the other
of the mountains; each a mighty, voice."
George Withers truly wrote: "The thing
that chiefly requires overhauling is our
wretched orthographic system which, from
the first entrance of a child in school, pussies and bewilders Its reason, outrages Its
commonaense, unduly taxes Its memory, dis-'
courages Its endeavor, wastes its most precious time, Impedes Its progress ln otfc'er attainments, and virtually cheats it of all education ln any degree worthy of the name."
Kelowna, B. C. April 18, ISIS.
Two lawyers, whon a knotty case wub
Shook hands and wero as good friends
.bb before.
"Zounds!" Buys tbe losing client, "how
camo you
To be such good friends, who were such
foea just now!"
Thou fool," says one, "we lawyers,
' though so keen,
Liko shears,  ne'er cut ourselves, but
—whnt's between1'
Ta bave Ukin away ths Uy of knowlsdftV'
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: At the centre
of our challenged empire, there sits a reconstruction committee for the much-needed
and too long delayed work of reviewing Brit-
Let him who hates dancing no'er go to
a ball,
Nor him to tho  ocoan  who  dangers
Nor him to a feast, who already has
Nor him to a Court, who will speak out
his mind.
King Hwuy of Lcang said: "I wish
quietly to receive your instructions.
Is thero any difference betwoen killing
a man with a stick and with a sword J"
"There is not," was tho answer.—
"Snyings of Monciua" (B. 0. 300).
A date has been set by tho Mexican
government for Americans owning mining property-^ that country to file reasons for failure to operate their mines.
That is the most dastardly piece of impertinence on record. Why it is even
nn impertinence that was never yet
attempted in nny really civilized Btate
like Britain or the U. 8. A, It ro'jst
havo been instigated by tho Gcrmnns.
It will, no doubt, be dealt with in proper fashion when Undo Sam gets his
conscript army ih the right kind of
shape. It isn't at all likely that he
will overlook any bets of value. At
least wo don't think he will.
The fly is the tie that binds tho unhealthy to the liealthyl N
tftdttd Brothtrhood ot Carptnttn u*d Jolnm
MtaU&MA. i%£,^JjAL% J t W*?
7/0 s%t^7>&UA#w>
4a*^/*+ fax*. e*t4£ukf* &Aty fa 'ft****
$JL*** yf\UwU ,*a*0W"6 *t* <+*Jtfu*A- Aft** twit*?*
/*** t**'+*mU /USutC aUrtsw /"*£*" tarn***
A44W** rt* -Turn.' 44**+*-.
Here aro the Prude severe, und gay Coquette,
The sober Widow, and the young, green
Virgin, ,
Cropped uke a rose beforo 'tis fully
Or half ItB worth disclosed.   Strange
" medley here!
Here garrulous Old Age winds up his
And Jovial Youth, of lightsome, vacant
Whose every day was made of melody,
Hears not the voice of mirth: the shrill-
tongued  Shrew,
Meek as a turtle-dove, forgets her chiding.
Here are the Wise, the Generous, and
the Brave;
Tho Just, the Good, the Worthlosa, the
The downright  Clown,  and  perfectly
The Fool, the Churl, the Scoundrel, und
the Mean.
Ask  for  Labor   Tempi*   'Phone   Exchange,
Seymour   7486   (unless  otherwise   stated).
Boilermakers—J. U. Carmichael, care Hotel
Regent, 140 Hastings street east.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, Mo. 617—Jaa.
Kohlnson, Room 208.
Brotherhood ot Carpenten, Mo 2647—J. Q.
Smith, Boom 208.
Civic Employees—V. R. Mldgley, Room 210.
Electrical Worker:-—Ji. H. Morrison, Room
207.    Sey. 8510.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Qore avenue. Offlce phono, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1S44L.
Longshoremen's Association—J. Mahone, 10
Powell streot; phone Sey. 6369.
Musicians—11. J. Brasfleld, Room 80S.
Painters—H. Grand, Room 303.
Sailors—W. 6. Burns, 218 Hastings atreet
west.    Sey.  6708.
Street Bailway Employees—Fred A. Hoover,
eor. Main and Prior. Phone exchange
Seymoar 6000. Residence, Fairmont 641R.
typographical—R. H. Neelanda. Room 206.
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. H. Neelands, Bos 60.
Barbers—8. H. Grant, 1801 Seventh avenue
Bartenders—W. H, Smith, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cattell, 2206 Fifteenth Ave.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street.
Boot and Shoe Workers—Tom Cory, 182
Templeton drive.
Brewery Workera—Frank Graham, 2250 12th
avenue west.
Brieklayera—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Couhcll
—G. H, Page, Room 209, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Englneera—Li T.
Solloway, 1167 Harwood siruet. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1286 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen-
Brotherhood of Malntenance-of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Building Trados Council—Victor R. Mldgley,
Room 210, Labor Templo.
Clgarmakers—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory, Georgia atreet.
City Firemen's Union—Syd. Jackson, Mo. 2
Fire HaU, Seymour street.
Civic Employeos—Q. Harrison, 1423 Kitchener street.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
207, Labor Temple.
Enginoors—(Steam and Operating)—W.  A.
- Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Workera—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Hod Carriers and Building Laborers—Labor
Lathers—J. Leighton, Holdon Building, Hastings utreei east.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
•vena* west.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Boom 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 867 Twentieth
avenne east.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 80S, Labor
Molders—G. F. Nichols, 121 Sixth avenue
Moving Picture Operators—A A Hansen, P.
0. Box 146.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty atreet.
Painters—Jas. Wilson, Room 808, Labor
Plumbers — Room 206H. Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pile Drivers and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Eastman, P. 0. Box 820.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Goo. Rush. 2276 Fourteen Ave.
west.    Bayvlew 2215L.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoreland. 1512 Yew street.
Retail Clerks' Association—Albert Crossllng,
868 Hamilton street.
{Seamen's Union—W. 8. Burns, P. 0. Box
Structural Iron Wogkors—Roy Massecar,
Room 208, Labor Temple.
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Steam Shovel and Dredgcmen—Chas. Feree,
05 Powell street.
Street Railway Employee!—A. V. Lofting,
2561 Trinity street.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, ure Province.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln. Box 842.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box Til.
Tllelayers and Helpen—A. Jamleson, 540
Twenty-third avenne sast.
Trades and Labor Connell—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210. Lnbor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelanda, Box 66.
Please remember that ao litter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals ara made.
The address label on yonr
paper carries the date to which
yonr subscription la paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
offloe, the correct change in
yonr label date is not made,
notify ns at once. Whsn yon
havo a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send it to this offlee—not to
the other fellow. Thu yon
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. 0.
*&* Of America  JQ»r
ConanHT .„.oi ____mam „»»
Vote agalnat  prohibition!    Demand per
Vote aaalnit prohibition! Domani
aonal liberty In enooalna what you will drink.
Aak for thla Labal wnen pnrohaalng Beer,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee that tt la Union
Made, Thla la onr Label
So popular because it'a so good. Cascade Is brewed of tbe
highest grade B, 0. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the publio.
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material baok of it.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
With Home-Grown Stuff
Bennie's XXX Globe Table Beet Seed, pkg. 10c; oz. 20c; 4 oca. 70c.
Flie and Best Cabbage (hard heads), pkg. 10c; oa. 30c; 4 oss. 90c.
Bonnie's Prize Swede Turnip, for table or stock, Va-lb. 35c; lb. 66c.
Famous Golden Bantam Table Sweet Corn, pkg, 10c; lb. 40c; 6 lbs. 11.90.
Select Yellow Dutch Onion Sets, lb. 36c; 6 lbs. $1.70.
Shallot Multiplier Onion Sets, lb. 30c; 6 lbs, 11.40.
XXX Earliest Table Marrow Peas, 4 on. 15c; lb. 40c; 6 lbs. $1.00.
Strlngless Wax Butter Beans, 4 ois. 16c; lb. 50c; 5 lbs. $2.40.
Bennie's Market Garden Table Carrot, pkg. 10c; oz. 26c; 4 ozs. 75c,
Best Snowball Cauliflower (Glle Edge), pkgs. 15c, 25c; Vi-oz. 85c.
Citron for Preserving (red seeded), pkg. 5c; oz. 16c; 4 ozs. 40c.
Plant Rennie's
High-Grade Seeds
XXX Table Cucumber, crisp, tender, pkg. 10c; oz. 26c; 4 ozs. 60c.
Unrivalled Lettuce, big buttery beads, pkg. 10c; oz. 30c; 4 ozs. 80c.
Select Yellow Globe Danvers Onion (black seed), pkg. 6c; oz. 25c; 4
ozs. 65c.
Early Canada Water Melon, fine quality, pkg. 5c; oz. 16c; 4 ozs. 40c.
Improved French Breakfast Badish, pkg. 5c; oz. 10c; 4 ozs. 30c; lb. 00c.
Bennio's Jumbo Sugar Beet, for stock, Va-lb. 26c; lb. 45c.
Giant Whito Feeding Sugar Beet, 4 ozs. 16c; Va-lb. 25c; lb. 45c.
Perfection Mammoth Bed Mangel, Va-ll). 25c; lb. 46c.
Bennie's Derby Swede Tijrnip, for stock, 4 ozs. 20c; Va-lb. S7c; lb. 70c.
White Field Seed Beans, big cropper, lb, 30c; 6 lbs. $1.26.
- "Pakro" Seedtape.   "You plant it by the yard."
.   2 pkts. 25c.   Ask for descriptive list.
Bennie's Seed Annual Free to All.  Delivery Free ln Canada.
Order through your LOOAL DEALER or direct from
Wm. Rennie Co, Ltd.
872 Granville Street
i Vancouver.
If lt li not call up the
or drop a card to our office, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt ud Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores Is "
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for one yxt't lubiorlptlon to Tho B
0. 1-ederatlonlit, will bo mailed to In. ad*
iron In Caaada lor $10. (Oood anywhere
outiide ol Vanoouver elty.) Ordor ten to*
day.   Remit when aold.
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made..
For Sale Everywhere.
Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vancouver, B. 0.
2 for 25c 3 for 25c
FRIDAY...-  May 18, 1917
Quality Dentisrty
Confidence in your
dentist means much—
EXPEBLENCE has taught me that in doing dental work I can
obtain better results if I have the perfect confidence of my patients, x
For this reason I give my personal attention to every patient
coming to my office. By such careful attention and full explanation of the condition of the teetk in order that they may thoroughly understand the Work whioh must be done, I seek to gain thorough
confidence before I start upon my work. ,
In coming to my offlce you will find, in addition to the skill and
workmanship whioh moans, the remedying of your defective teeth,
that personal interest in your dental needs whioh you will value
highly during the progress of the work.
My Prices Are Beasonabto.
Upper or Lower plate 110,00
Gold Crowns, 22 karat .W.00
Porcelain Crowns ....—. W.00
Gold Fillings  .W.00
Porcelain Fillings 11.60
Silver FlUlnga .|1J»
Bridgework, per tooth .W.00      Painleaa Extraction .
No charge made for extraction when ln preparation for
Plates or Bridgework.
Official Report Sets Forth a
Summary of Evidence
Anooain Infiltration methods, as approved by the highest dental
authorities, used for the alleviation of pain.
All dental Work done at my office is guaranteed by me for a
period of ton years.
Open Tnaaday aal
Saturday Bvoalngs
»££»..     DR. GRADY
IN ATTENDANCE Haitian Street Oorner Seymour
Will Reduce the
High Cost of Living
South Wellington Coal
The Art of Dentistry
is exemplified in the highest degree at this establishment.
The Charges
*    are as pleasing as the service given.
Dr. Baker
Closes Saturday at 1 p.m.
Open Tuesday and
Friday Evenings
Phono Sey.' 2229
Established MM
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
327 Seymonr St HUM ioyBOB 1W
The Annual
B.C. Federationist
will be issued on or about
This special Lr.bor Day edition will bo thc largest and most
* comprehensive Labor publication ever attempted in the province.
It will contain a full outline of cvcnts,in thc Labor woHd of
British Columbia and Alberta throughout the past year, and an
authoritative statement as to the present situation in every line
of organized labor.
The field covered by the edition will be British Columbia in general. Special attention will, however, be
given to matters connected with the industrial field in
Vancouver, Victoria, New Westminster, Prinoe Bupert
and other great centres of population.
Applications for advertising space in this edition should' bc
listed at an early date, in order to secure publication.
Unanimous Finding By Industrial Disputes Act
Ab will be noted from the report below, made by the members ot the federal board, appointed by the department
of labor, to inquire into the dispute be*
tween the company and the coastwise
operators of the Marconi Wireless Bystem, the employees have won a distinct
victory. At least, as'the report is a
unanimous one. it is more than probable
that both parties will agree to the find*
ings of the board The official report
reads: .
In the matter of the "Industrial Disputes In*
vestigatlon Aet, 1907," tnd of it dlstpnte
between the Marconi Wireless Telegr   "
Company of Canada  (employer), and l„
tain of its employees, being operators on
Paelfle    ooaat    steamship    aervice    (em'
To the Hon. T. W. Crothers, K. 0„
Minister of Labor.
The board of conciliation and Investigation
In this matter, and consisting of Mr. Robert
R. Maltland, chairman, appointed by the minister of labor on the Joint recommendation of
the other board members; Mr. Matthew J.
Barr, the representative of the employer, and
Mr. J. H. MeVety, the representative of the
employees, begs to report as follows:
Tho chairman received his appointment,
together with the other documents constitut*
Ing the board, on the Blst day of March,
1917) The two members were then notified
by letter to attend a meeting of the board to
be held on Monday, April 16th. This meeting was duly -held, and each member having
subscribed and taken the prescribed oath of
offlce, the board proceeded to discuss the
mattera in dispute with a view to arranging
for  conciliation  and  ascertaining  what  the
feasibilities were in regard to a settlement
etween the partes.
In furtherance of an effort at conciliation,
the board met again on the 17th day of April,
in the presence- of all parties to the dispute.
The representative for the employer before
the board wero Messrs. 8, De winter and O.
C. White. The representatives of the employees were Mesars. J. F. Campbell, A. L.
Henri and A. M. Balrd.
An informal discussion took place, during
which the matters in dispute were fully considered and every effort made to arrive at an
amicable settlement. Unfortunately the
board was unable to bring the parties to any
agreement, their respective views being so
divergent as to render the holding of an inquiry absolutely nnavoidable.
Before proceeding to take evidence, each
Jiarty to the reference was requested to state
n writing whther they would abide by the
findlnga of the board. Both partlea declined
to be bound, however, each expressing an In*
clinatlon to await the board's award. The
representatives were also instructed to furnish proper credentials from their respective
The board met for the purpose of taking
evidence at the court house, Vancouver, B.
C. on the 18th, 23rd and 24th days or April,
1917. An adjournment was then taken to
the city of Victoria, where meetings were
held In the court house on the 26th and 27th
days of April. The board resumed Its alt-
tings at the court house, Vancouver, on the
90th day of April, continuing op the 1st, 2nd
and Srd daya of May, when tho taking of evidence was concluded. Further sessions were
held on the 9th and llth days of May, when
the board met to formulate its report.
The employees directly affected number
twenty-three, all of whom are operators en
vessels out of Canadian Pacific ports, and
the majority of whom aro employed upon
Canadian Pacific Hallway steamships engaged
in the coastal service. Tho salaries being
paid at tho present time tare as followa:
Seven operators aro receiving $80 per month
Eight operators are receiving f35 per month
Six operators are receiving $40 per month
One operator Is receiving $65 por month
One operator Is receiving $60 per month
The majority of the operators receiving
$40 per month, and both those wbose salaries
are $55 and $60 respectively, are employed
on the Trans-Pacific service, where the em-
Jloyer has maintained a minimum aalary of
40 per month.
The evidence throughout was taken on
oath, Eleven witnesses were examined, and a
mass of documentary evidence was produced
for the consideration of tbe board.
The complaints of the employeea wore as
(1) Insufficient salary;
(2) Lack of proper accommodation on
coastwise vessels;
(3) Discontinuance of annnal vacation;
(4) Discontinuance ot uniform allowance;
(5) Unfair discrimination on the part of
the employer'a Pacifle coast manager.
From the evidence adduced It appears tbat
the minimum salary, formerly $40 per month,
waa in 1918 reduced to $80, which amount
the board considers to be wholly inadequate.
Apparently no definite graduated scale of annual Increases has been recognised by the employer. This also was a source of considerable discussion, and In the opinion of the
board, should be remedied.
With one possible exception the employees
claims were fairly substantiated by the evidence. On the point of undue discrimination,
however, the evidence was somewhat conflicting, and the board would prefer to refrain
from expressing an opinion as to the merits
of the charge. There Is no doubt that considerable friction has developed from time to
time between certain of the employees and
the local representative of the employer. Thla
mar or may not have arisen from dissatisfaction with general conditions obtaining in the
service. , „    , _
The companys' general manager, Mr, J. H.
Lauer, of Montreal, apepared before the
board during the latter portion of the hearing, and presented the employer s case at
some considerable length. It was freely admitted that the employees were justly entitled to an Inerease In salary, and Mr. Lauer
suggested a minimum wago of $40 per month,
with annual increases up to $60 por month.
This he said was the maximum offer the company could afford to mako in view of its pre
eent flnanolal position. In support of hla argument, detailed statements and annual reports were prodnced and filed with the board,
and the subject waa exhaustively dealt with.
After due consideration, the board ia of the,
opinion that the compann' revenue la satis-'
factory and lta margin of profit a very fair
one, and it la therefore unable to agree with
thia contention.
The board doei not deem it advisable to
deal farther wltb thta aspect ot the question,
aa it la felt that the financial position of the
oompany ahould not be the controlling or deciding factor In arriving at what should be •
fair wage scale aa between the company and
ita employeea.
On the other hand, there Is no doubt that
the claim advanced by the employees for •
minimum wage of $60 per month, rising br
annual increment! to $80 per month, is clearly excessive. Tbe evidence adduced disclosed
that a young man'of ordinary fair education
could, with reasonable application and diligence, qualify aa an operator by attending a
course at day or night achool for a period of
from alx to eight monthi. The tuition fee,
including booka and other Incidentals, does
not exceed $180. Upon qualifying the candidate becomes eligible far a position at tbe
company's minimum wage, which includes
board and lodging, both of which ara furnished by the steamship companies at no expense
to the employer. For a young man commencing his career, aa is tbe status of the majority of the operators upon graduation, this re*
present! the equivalent ot a very fair aalary,
and compare! favorably with the remuneration paid beglnnera ln other vocation!.
After careful consideration of the evidence
and argument! of both ildes, and the exhibits filed by tbem, the board is pleased to be
able to preient a unanimous report covering
the various points at issue.
The board recommends as followa:
(1) That operaton be paid the following
scale of wages, the same to come into force
and be effective as of the 1st day of May,
(a) Minimum wage, $45 per month.
(b) After one year'i service, $50 per
(c) After two yean' service, $55 per
(d) Aft* rthree yean' service, $00 per
The aald scale to be retroactive In ao far
as length of service of the present employee!
ii concerned.
(2) That the employer forthwith Investigate accommodation furnished its employeea
on boats of the varloua steamship companies
with which it ii under contract, and aee that
the terms of ita contracts are being strictly
adhered to. Also that complaints of poor accommodation, made by employeea to the employer's local offlce, receive prompt attention.
If thli ii done it li felt that there will not
be recurrence of conditions which, In the
opinion of tbe board, give ground for a good
deal of dissatisfaction.
(8) That after one year'i service each
employee be granted two weeks' vacation in
each year, with full salary, or, in lieu of
vacation, two weeka extra Hilary.
(4) That each employee be granted an
allowance for uniform of $30 annually, payable $15 every alx monthi.
(5) That there be no discrimination
shown on the part ot the employer against
union an dnon-nnion employeea. Also that
an employee wishing to register a complaint
with the employer be entitled to be represented by whomsoever he may chooae to ap-
The board waa materially aided in arriving
at lta decision by the evidence submitted at
its session held at tbe eity of Victoria, and
desires to express its appreciation of the valuable assistance rendered,by Mr. Edward J.
Haughton, district superintendent of the Dominion Radio aervice, and Mr. William Dee,
district superintendent of government telegraphs of that city.
All of whiho is respectfully submitted.
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 14th day
of May, A. D. 1917.
(Signed)    R. R. MAITLAND,
For the employees.
For the employer.
Boys and Youths
School Boots
"SKOOKUM, No. L1016"
fnr   boys—size?*)   1   to   5 Mi;   or
"MHO" for Youtlis—shes 10 to
Mnde of smooth knngaroo,
foxed blucher, cotton lined, single sole nnd slip; u nice medium
weight school shou with good
The important thing to remember is to ask for this school bopt
by its nnmo and number—
"SKOOKUM 1,1010" for boys,
end "MHO" for Youths.
A Labor Daily Should be Put
Into the Hands of
Erery Toiler
The so-called Patriotic fund vould be
much better named were it called the
anti-patriotic fund. It certainly has not
stimulated a greater love for the institutions of our country in the heart of
these mothers and soldiers' wives who
have had to deal with it.
Before the soldiers' wife can draw an
allowance she must subject herself to a
sort of inquisition. A lady appointed
for thia purpose, on a much higher salary than any soldiers' wife has, calls
and tnkes stock of the applicant's possessions. Hints are usually given that
soldiers' wives should not buy a new
spring hat, or go to the theatre, or have
a piano, or play golf. TheBe privileges
are for those who stay at home, nnd
ease thoir consciences by donating a
miserable pittance to the fund. One of
these "safety first" patriots has been
threatening to hold back his donation
from the fund as a means of collecting
a debt from a deceased soldiers f wife.
What are we going to dot The great
majority of the people of Canada deplore this state of affairs. The tag-day
system of attending to our disabled
heroes is a disgrace. When are we going to make a move to have this altered!
The wives of munition manufacturers
do not have to stand at a street corner
selling tags for her husband who is
■either blind nor disabled. Why not
change this around for a year or aoT
Lot the government attend to the
wounded soldiers' dependents without
any of this miserable charity business,
and sell tags to pay for munitions.
There is no better proof of patriotism
than is shown by the manner in which
we treat the people of a country. By
refusing to conscript wealth, and by
guaranteeing munition manufacturers
their high profits while our men are left
to charity is a clear indication that
money and business is of greater value
than men in the eyes of our government.—Calgary Nutcracker.
Wan iv the strongest things about
lifo is that th' poor, who need th'
money th' most, ar-re th' very wans
that niver have it.—Mr. Dooley.
The Petrograd correspondent of the
Giornnle d'Italia (Rome) says that the
old Russian flag bas been abolished,
and that ull regiments have adopted
tho red flag.
Monopoly speculation in food supplies not only brings unsatisfied hunger
to families and to individuals, but it
also brings disturbance to the whole
country in ways not yet generally considered.—Superior Telegram,
"Every human being should nourish
with wholesome food and stimulant his
mental organism. Unless he does this
he suffers agony and shame until tho
grave opens to add another to the
countless number of silent witnesses
that life is avwretched failure,"
Need of Political Action of
By and for the Wealth
FROM AN ABLE article in the B. of
L. F. and E. Magazine, written by
P. W. Dudley, the following is gleaned.
It has the right ring. In speaking of
the statistics and reports furnished by
the United States Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic commerce, Mr. Dudley
wyg: t
"But can you find in your big daily
subsidized newspapers such figures as
were compiled recently by this-bureau
showing that during November, 1918,
there was shipped abroad 2,221,033
bushels of corn, 6,274,828 bushels of
oats, 14,258,038 bushels of wheat, 1,-
035,131 barrels of flour, 4,099,847 lbs.
of canned beef, 14,480,997 lbs. of pickled beef, 5,860,577 lb8. of fresh beef.
Do you wonder at the high cost of living when a few capitalists can hoard
the food supply of the nation into private-owned warehouses and contract to
export same at war prices, not leaving
available for distribution even the normal quantities consumed yearly by oar
helplesB massesf A paper containing
such figures Bhould be of interest to
"Does your Wall street controlled
press tell you the truth regarding the
unprecedented increase in the price of
ooalf Have the miners been given
an increase in wagesl Do the teamsters' conditions improve! Has the
Interstate Commerce commission authorized an increase in freight ratesf
Wouldn't you like to know the truth
the whole truth and nothing but the
truth about such matters! If so get
your shoulders to the wheel and let
ub put a big Labor dally into the
home of every member of organized
labor whether he wants it or not.
Every organization has its official
publication and a daily paper could
be put into every home on the same
plan at an Insignificant cost to each.
"A brother from 678 in the January
1 Magazine had an article entitled: 'A
Remedy for the High Cost of Living,
in which he says, 'let the government
have control of the prices of life's
necessities.' That would be all right if
the common people controlled the government, but so long as we elect to
office men who are tools of the monopolies that rob us, what do we gain!
First, we must 'stand together,' elect
to office men from our ranks who have
the welfare of the people at heart, put
into operation the initiative, the referendum and the recall bo we can secure
needed legislation in the face of congressional opposition, repeal laws that
work to the detriment of the masses,
and take from office any publie official
who falls to do his sworn duty, then
we Vrill be in position to take action on
the high cost of living. But, first, we
must 'stand together' and banish all
discord from our ranks, and with this
accomplished the day of our emancipation is nigh."
Observations Made By One Wbo Has
Nerer Been Tbere Before.
Through private advices comes the information that Leo. T. English, a member of Typo, union No. 220, who recently enlisted for overseas service, is in
the Kent and Canterbury hospital, Canterbury, England, undergoing treatment
for some eye trouble. At the time of
writing he was expecting to be returned to active service at any moment. In
speaking of Canterbury, he says:
* * * ThiB Ib a quaint old burg
and no mistake. The chief occupation
of its inhabitants seems to be the preservation of old ideas, old buildings, old
smellB, etc. Frost and weather crumbles
their old buildings bo that they are
continually patched and 'restored,' so
that,, as a matter of fact, they are not
even ancient. But tbere Is no doubt
about their ancient ideas—these, are
truly genuine. At the rear of the hospital is the ruins of tbe ancient abbey,
and the foundation of a church, said to
be the first Christian church built by
St. Augustine in 500 A. D. Also a wall
built of tiles or brick during the Roman
occupation. Ovor here it Is quite easy
to think of ancient Rome as of a comparatively recent event in history. But
June Sale of Women's
and Misses' Sport Coats
at $7.95
One of the smartest Coats shown this
season—easy fitting slip-on coats for cool
evenings—light in weight and very effective in style—made up in plaids and
checks—velours and blanket cloths—in
white with grey check, white with Copenhagen check and white with blaok cheek
-finished with large convertible collars
and patch pockets—some belted—-others
with plain saeque baok. Regular value
J10.00.   Special .'. ......|7.96
M Qh^udsonsBouComptini).
^--   -J    — B       maaa-ajrta  ara     mmaan t amaJm.anaaa mmaggga t
Granville and Georgia Streets
the "roast beef of old England" li
made conspicuous by itB complete absence. * * * Among the people
here there seems to be a settled determination to see the war through.
Whether this arises more from the eon-
firmed habit of doing what they are
told, or from conviction, X am somewhat
in doubt. The petty shopkeepers liter*
ally groan aloud over the taxation and
restrictions imposed upon them. The
people seem pleased tnat the United
States has joined in, but food is going
to be the chief problem now. * * *
The railways here are of the toy variety, but make fairly fast time. Theee
hospitals are some works. I nearly upset the whole system by requesting that
my clothes be sent to the laundry. ■ I
waa assured that auch a request had
never been made before. No such precedent having been established in English history, it eould not be done. Thev
would not laundry them at the hospital,
so I had to put them on again airty.
This seemed to be perfectly all right
and strictly in accord with long-established custom. Bat when it comes down
to other and more important matters,
they have rules and regulations till yon
cant' rest."
There Is but one way of safety, hon-
osty nnd reason. We havo conscripted
men to fight, if need bo to die; we now
must conscript wealth. And wo must
begin by conscripting the surplus
woalth of tho rich and tho woll-to-do.
Having passed the president's army
bill, tho most important question now
before congress is this question of fixing the policy of flnnncmg tho war.—
Madison Stnte .Tournul.
In nn appeal at tho Montgomery,
England, appeal tribunal recentfy, the
militnry authorities appealed against a
farm worker's px>mpti<jn, nnd the employer was asked if ho would accept n
substitute. "Yes, if I can get him mi
tho samo terms," said the non-committal omploycr. "What nre yoa paying
nowt" asked tho chairman. "A suit
of nlothcH onco in throe years and
food," was the reply, whicli staggered
tho tribunal.—"Daily Dispatch,"
Thc very presence of a fly is a signal
nnd notification that a housekeeper is
uncleanly nnd Inefficient.
Hotel Canada
618 Rlchirdi Strut
(Niar Labor templi)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
United Ubw Worktn ln Sossion.
OlHcets of tlie United Mine Workers
of America and those of the state organisations in Washington, Wyoming
and Montana, began a conference in
Indianapolis last Monday, to outline a
scale of wage increases,'based on the
recent advance given to the miners in
the central competitive Held.
Marguerite Clark at The Broadway.
It Is frequently contended that the
motion picture screen falls ln its efforts
to adapt stage successes as it loses many
of the effective points ot the stage play.
In the ease of "Snow White," an adaptation of which has been made by the
Famous Players Film company, with
Marguerite Clark in the stellar role, the
producers believe that they have refuted this contention.   "Snow White"
will be remembered as the heroine of
the beloved faiy tale, by the brothers
Grimm. Those who are blessed with
good memories will recall that there il
much magic wrought in thl picture by
the witch Hex. whereu the theatre
is restricted ln Its ability to reproduce
these magic spells and incantations, it
is very easy for the motion picture producer to depict anything that he wishes
through thl medium of trick photography. Therefore, Miss Clark, who scored
a tremendous sneeus in thl stage version of "Snow White" at thi Little
theatre a few seasons ago, will have an
opportunity of demonstrating to film-
dom the superiority of thl motion picture version over the stage play when
this Paramount picture becomes the attraction at the Broadway theatre, Wednesday and Thuraday neat week.    •••
Th. greateat ot »11 modm fllm apeeteelea,
'Intolerance," ta being shown at th. Orphans, thta weak, and will be eoalianad oa
through nut wash. Th. coming ot "Intolerance"'hna been aa orant which hns been
looked forward to with tho greateat Interest
In Vancouver. Mot Bince the "Birth ot a
Nntion,' 'another maaterpleee br th. asm.
creator, D. W. Grlflths, ana then be.n anything to compare with "Intolerance," .Ten
ln a mild war. Th. immense anceesa whloh
attained to the production sad allowing of
"Intolerance" haa never beea equalled by
nnr fllm. and the war that Vancourer la turn*
ing ont to view thla atupendooa . apeetacle,
gives evidenoe of tho hlgh-claaa la whieh tt la
regarded. Vancouver theatre-goer, ara anper*
critical, and their attendance la tho best ver*
diet. Accompanying "Intolerance" is a
symphony orchestra nad a choir of metropolitan singers,* whose muale ayaearonlaea per*
feetly with ihe play as It spreads lu way
through four parallel atorlea throughout all
tho agee. The fllm la a Uwlldning one, and
touches tho .high water mark of perfection la
its own particular line. It Is fall of thrills,
mnking aa Instant appeal to tne imagination.
Its brilliant tableaux are wonders of acting,
grouping aad aecessorlea, and thoir pletares*
que quality touches a high mark la art Tho
eloge of Babylon la wonderfully expressed.
It Is immense. There are moving towora, tie*.
phants, battering rams and aomethlng that
savors of the flrst use of tho "tank" la warfare, which wss developed to auch a high de*
ra of efficiency by tho Britlah. It would
difficult to Imagine anything moro pretention than "Intolerance," and It has enjoyed
nnprecedented popularity wherever it ass
been shown.
Union Goods
SSO rooms, 100 with private baths
Phone Beymour 8860
Vancouver's newest and most
complete hotel
European Plan 11*00 per Day Vp
New electric auto bus meets all
boats and trains free
Oor. Dunsmuir and Bichards Sts.
Oppoilt* Labor Tnapto
Headquartera for Labor men.   Rate!
7.1c  and   $1.00  per  day.
12.60 per week and op.
Oifa at Baaionablo Ratoi.
Union Men
Wherever possible we have always endeavored
Men's Suits, $15, $18, $20, $25 and $30.
Old values at old prices, regardless of the condition of the wopl market Over 6000 Suits to select
from in our Two Big Stores.
Many out-of-town union men will be in Vancouver
next week. You are cordially invited to visit DICK'S
STORE, where you can be outfitted from one of the
largest and best-selected stocks in British Columbia.
Wm. Dick, Ltd.
We are in favor of a 48-hour week and a minimum wage.
Ask our twenty clerks how they are treated
and the wages they are paid. PAGE SIX
..May 18, 1917
If You Buy Here
You're Safe!
The man who makes thla hla Olothing Store takes no chances. He is
safe every trip, and Its "Safety Pirst" these days. Men's Suits, made
from choicest fabrics, by the best tailors of -which this country can
PBIOES $18 TO $35
Thos. Foster & Co.
Broadway Theatre
HAY 21, and 22
Sessue Hayakawa
MAY 23 and 24
Marguerite Clark
Billie Burke Blanche Sweet
—IN- —IN—
"Gloria's Romance" "THE EVIL EYE"
Special—$40  ln  prim  these two days.  Just be present at 9 p.m.
Dependable Paints
Spring Painting
We solicit your paint orders for yonr
Spring Painting. Our itock of paints,
brushes, emanels, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
NABOB powder
Your best efforts at cake making
and cake baking will fall far
ihort of success if your baking
powder-is nit np to standard.
Use Nabob Baking Powdir and
„e (are of yonr results.
Good Teeth are a
shortcut to good health
YOU cant
bc really healthy unless your teeth are In proper
It is your teeth which grind your food. Unless they do this
work properly you will suffer from indigestion. And you can't
masticate your food properly with bad teeth.
Bad teeth are storage places for decaying particles of food
which not only destroys that particular tooth and adjoining teeth,
but also send a poisonous low whieh prevents the digestive fluids
from.acting properly.
Yon can't afford to neglect yonr teeth. Lit nw, without
any cost to yon, uMm yoa is to what should be dom te put
thim in proper ordir.
Permanent Crowns
and Bridges
I specialize on this class of dental work, doing it with that perfection of finish and general appearance which makes it difficult to
determine as to the natural and inserted teeth. All the gold used
is 22-karat lino and of 30*g, thickness, the biting surface being
strongly reinforced.
Free examinations arranged by telephone, Seymour 3331. Offlce
open Tuesday and Friday evenings,   Close Saturday at 1 p.m.
Dr.Brett Atjievosoj)
Crown ond Bridge -Specialist —
602 Hastings St. West
Corner Seymour Stroot
Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker Yon Need
Tin or man memben al aot tradu union in Canada may
have THB FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addreuei at tin rati of f 1 per year.
Calgary Paper Takes Notice
of His Arbitrary Acts
Towards Labor
Comment to Bring Comfort
to the Soul of a Petty
If a contest were to be staged for tbo
moat universally-hated man in Western
Canada, recent events have mndo it impossible. There could bo no contest.
Sugar King Sogers would win so easily
that other contestants would lose their
deposits. And his ill-fame is not confined to Vancouver, B. C. In The Nutcracker, a livo wookly publication issued at Calgary, of last week, appears
the following:
Corporations, Profits and Food.
The cry goes forth from all quarters
for increased production. Solemn warnings of a world-wide food shortage are
being issued by economic experts, yet it
would appear that right in our midst is
a large corporation manufacturing an
important article of food, namely, sugar
—which has the powor to defy the authorities and close down its plant during one of the most critical periods in
the hiBtory of this country. The B. C.
Sugar Refinery Co. Ltd., located at Vancouver, is the west's only BUgar refinery, nnd consequently carries on a large
business with the provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.
Calgary wholesalers alone handle over
one hundred thousands dollars' worth of
this company's products per month.
The employees of this sugar company
recently organized a union and made
certain requests for better wages and
more favorable conditions of labor-
hence the Btrike.
Tho autocrat at the head of this cor-
Eioration—B. T. Rogers, has ignored a
etter from the strikers asking for a
conference and recently told a press
representative that he "would hold out
until the crack of doom." Meanwhile
the consuming public will have to pay
a higher price for sugar from the east
on account of higher freight rates, providing that an adequate supply is procurable, which iB doubtful under present conditions.
This situation brings home to us
again the fact that wo ore depending
for our supply of food on individual
manufacturers whose chief concern is
to make large profits and who are pre*
pared to cripple a basic industry of the
country when their dividends are
The strikers have been endorsed by
the Vancouver TradeB and Labor council, and this body at a recent meeting,
passed a resolution calling for an official investigation of the B. C. Sugar Refining Co. Ltd., and urging the government to take over and operate the plant
under the War Measures Act. Dare the
government do its duty in this matter,
or are the intereBta involved too powerful!
Engineer's Recommendation Thrown ln
the Discard and Union De-
mands Acceded to.
The civic board of works decided on
Wednesday afternoon, after considering
the report of the recent federal Industrial Disputes Act board report, recommending a restoration of the (3 wage
for civic employees, to aecept the report, already agreed to by the members
of the Civic Employees' union. After
hearing .officers of the central labor
body, it was also decided to recommend
the adoption, or rather retention, of the
policy of paying civie mechanics the
union rate of wages, despite the recommendations of the eity engineer to the
contrary. The increases over the engineer's suggestions decided upon by the
board were as follows: Blacksmith shop
foremen, engineer's suggestion, 53%c,
changed to 56-4c; garage machinists,
suggested 63%e, decided 56%c; road
roller engineers, suggested 53%c, decided, 55 3-le; sewer engineers, suggested,
63%e, decided, 55 5-8e; incinerator engineer, suggested, 53%c, decided, 55
5-8c; waterworks shop foreman, suggested, 56%c, decided, 57%c; machinists, suggested, 53%c, decided, 56%c;
meter repairers, suggested, 53%e, decided, 5614c
Local 0. P. B. Freight-handlers Btill
Ont for More Money.
The C. P. B. freight-handlers, unorganized, who went on strike Tuesday
demanding an increase of 5 eents per
hour are still holding out, and no settlement is in sight yet. F. W. Peters,
general superintendent of the western
division of the C. P. R., stated that the
men had asked for an increase of 20
fier cent, a short time ago, but after
nvestigating the wages paid freight-
handlers here and also at Taeoma, Seattle and prairie towns, the company
agreed to advance the scale about 12
per cent. But this did not satisfy the
men; hence the lockout. Organized or
otherwise, wage-workers must have
more wages, and employers must meet
such conditions, whether they like it or
"National Service!"
The Japanese Mail Steamship company, operating lines of steamers between the Orient and Seattle and England, made a profit of (10,000,000 in the
six months ending April 30, it was announced at a meeting of the directors
in Tokio, according to a cable received
by a local Japanese newspaper,
Summer Underwear for
Stout Women
We carry a complete stock
of Underwear in the out-
sizes. The various qualities undernotcd aro of special merit:
Out-size 'Women's Fine
Bibbed Cotton Vests, low
necks, short or no sleeves,
Out-size Women's Fine
grade "airywear" Cotton
Vests, low neck, short or
sleeveless, with fine shell
stitch finish, 65c.
Out-size Women's Fine
Ribbed Cotton Union
Suits, low neck, short
sleeves with tight or loose
knee, $1,00.
Out-size Women's Envelope style Union Suit, in
fine ribbed cotton, low
neck, finished with shell
stitch edge, $1.25.
Store Opens st 8.30 a.m.
and doiei at 6 p.m.
575 Granvillo 9hone Sey. 3540
Tradu iat Labor CouncU.
May 20, 1892
Thos. Hallam, Shaftesbury Assembly,
No. 5506, E. of E., seated as delegate.
Victoria Trades and Labor council pro*
posed the raising of $2000 to bend two
men to Eastern Canada to expound the
Chinese immigration question.
Decided to celebrate Labor day on
August 11.
Delegates Franklin, Pollay and Bartley appointed to Wait on President Wm.
VanHorne of thl C.P. R. re violations
of trade rules by contractors doing
work for the C. P. E. in this city.
President Bartley in the chair, and
Oeo. Qagen acted as secretary.
WUl Suitably Honor P. E. Richardson
Tomorrow Brining.
The members of local 348, of the I.
A. T. S. E. of M. P. M. O., with all
branches of the miving picture industry in Vancouver represented, will tender a banquet tomorrow evening, at 11
o'clock at Hotel Vancouver, in honor of
P. H. Richardson, editor of the projection department of the Moving Picture
World, of New .York city, who is at
present on a lecture tour through Can*
ada and the United States. Mr. Richardson is giving a very impressive lecture, in all phases of the moving picture
industry, and has met with instant success wherever he has been.
J. N. Harvey
is orrERiNO
Bonn Tny special prices for tbl
holiday tradi In
Suits, Hats,
Men's Suits, ranging from $15 to
(27.50, have been grouped in four
special lots at
$12.75 and SU.75
818.76 and 121.75
Regular up to (3. On       C(\n
sale at DDL.
See ovening papers on Friday
for further prices.
J. N. Harvey
AIM TatH Stmt, Victoria
From Erery Quarter Conies Reports of
Progress Through Organisation.
At a meeting of Machinists' local No.
777, held on Tuesday last, twenty new
membera were enrolled, and applications
were received from many more. Favorable reports were received from the
schedule and shop committees, and both
committees were instructed to go the
limit to eBtublish the shorter work day
in all shops throughout the city. Messrs.
Waseham, Bengough and Harper were
appointed as delegates to the Metal
Trades council. The next meeting will
be held on Tuesday, June 2, when the
officers will be installed.
Lodge No. 182, which looks after the
interests of the railrond machinists, has
been advised that an increase of 6 cents
per hour had been granted, to take effect immediately. While this increase
does not bring the minimum rate up to
the city minimum, it mast be remembered that the railroad men have transportation and other privileges, which more
than make up for the difference in the
rate. This increase also applioB to men
on tho E. & N. railway, "vancouvor Island, and the shops ou the waterfront,
both in Vancouver and Victoria.
At New Westminster, the machinists
are practically 100 per cent, organized,
und, at a nieeting hold Wednesday evening, it was decided to make the samo
demands there, as have been mnde iu
Vancouver and Victoria. Thero was u
proposal made and approved to endeavor to get representatives from all coast
locals to meet in Vancouver at an early
date to discuss plans for the future, and
tho advisability of forming a district
lodge. Although only organized in January, this local has made splendid headway, and is in a flourishing condition.
The machinists on the Great Northern and Northern Pacific have established u minimum rate of 55 cents per
hour, and othor improved conditions.
Those roads have always been behind
tbe Canadian roads in both rates and
conditions. The discussing of thoso conditions will help considerably in f.ituro
negotiations on Cunndian roads.
Forth Vancouver Municipality Drops
Into Line and Fay Union Wages.
Business Agent W. A. Alexander, of
the Steam and Operating Engineers'
union, haB been advised by the city
clerk of North Vancouver that, us a result of a recent conference with the
members of the council, it has been decided to accede to the request of the
engineers for a wage of 56Vi centB per
hour, that being thc standard union rate
and an increase of GV_ cents.
The nominees of Vancouver Trades
and Labor council will be submitted to
a vote at a meeting of tho engineers to
be held in the Labor Temple on Sunday
next, May 20. The members are keenly interested in seeing that a Labor
candidate is placed in the Held at the
forthcoming bye-election, and will do
everything possible to Becure the election of the candidate receiving the endorsation of the collective membership.
Five new members were added to the
roll last Sanday, and more than that
number will be obligated at next Sunday's meeting.
Fourth Vice-president Clarke Will Open
Local Organization Campaign.
Joseph F. Clarke, fourth general vice-
president of the Brotherhood of Painters, Decorator^ - and Paperhangers,
with headquartera at Taeoma, Wash., is
in the city this week, with a view to
joining in the general organization campaign now being waged'in Greater Vnncouver, especially among the building
and shipbuilding trades. Quite a number of the old-time delinquents have already been reinstated, and the number
of new applicants is increasing daily.
The painters have, in common with
other building trades, had their own
troubles for the past few years, but conditions are rapidly making it possible
for a "come-back," nnd the local officers are not slow in seizing tho opportunity thus afforded. So long as the
cost of foodstuffs keeps soaring, and the
government continues to do abaolutely
nothing towards preventing the making
of fabulous war profits, there is every
reason why wage-workers must help
themselveB, Organization is the first
step, and the Painters' union is alive to
that fact.
International Union Boilermakers, Iron
Ship Builders and Helpers.
Conditions in Vancouver shipbuilding
yards and contract shops are at present
good, nearly all members of the organisation being at work, and a class of 37
new members was added it the laBt regular meeting, with prospects for more
as the new work being done proceeds,
the local union having signed agreements with the following companies:
North Shore Iron Works, B; C Marine
Railway, Robertson ft Godson, Vlucan
Iron Works, John Patterson, and a verbal agreemnt with the British Paelfle
Construction ft Engineering Co., which
covers the various crafts employed in
that yard. The local unionB have been
trying to negotiate an agreement with
the Coughlin Shipyard, and the Vancouver Engineering Works, but without
success so far, and the indications are
that trouble will arise over this In the
near future.
Private Rosle of Street Rallwaymen's
Union, Killed ln Action.
Word has just been received that Pte.
Murdock Rosie, a member of Pioneer
Division No. 101, Street Railway Employees, who waB motorman for the B.
C. E. R. Co. before enlisting in the 02nd
Battalion in July, 1915, was killed at
the front on April 10. His name, did
not appear in the B. C. casualty list,
evidently because Mrs, Rosie now resides in Toronto;, having moved there
with her two children since the battalion left. Shortly after Mr. Rosie enlisted, the family Buffered the bereavement of losing their 4-year-old son.
There is now a girl of nine and a baby
boy of two. Pte. Rosie leaves a mother
in Scotland nnd several brothers and
sisters here and In the old country. He
waB wounded in the left arm last October.
Civic Employees to Smoke.
With a view to getting the membership of the Civic Employees' union more
closely together, and for the purpose of
making the acquaintance of employees
Btill ojtslde the organization, the members are putting on a "grand smoker"
tomorrow (Saturday) evening, in the
Labor Temple.
'Feed your head' is a rather coarse
phrase, but it embodies the idea and
expresses the thought."
Tri-clty Committee of Divisions Met
Company Yesterday.
The joint committee of the coast trinity divisions, consisting of President
Knoch and Executive Member Nunn of
Victoria, President Wray of New Westminster and President Hubble, Business
Agent Hoover, Secretary Lofting and
MoBsrfl. Hougham and Price of Vancouver, along with Business Agent Morrison of the Electrical WorkerB, met the
management of the B. C. E. R, yesterday morning, for the purpose of diseasing the changed conditions surrounding
the present wage schedule, signed last
September. The committee sought the
consideration of the company management of what might be termed a war
bonus, to meet tie increased cost of
foodstuffs. The oompany officials gave
the employees' committee a cordial
hearing, and promised to take the matter into consideration. Another conference has been arranged for on Monday
morning next.
Allan Smith, conductor, was recently
admitted to tho Tranqullle sanitarium
at Kamloops. Advices from him say he
is already improving in health, but his
doctor thinks it will be necessary for
him to remain there for at least six or
eight months yet.
Alfred J. Mny, who Buffered a slight
concussion of the brain, ns tho result of
a fall from a car about two weeks ago,
although improving, is still confined to
the General hospital.
Robort T. Wilson, who has been a patient in the General hospital for the
past five weeks, expects to be released
in a fow days.
Tho claim of Joseph Tofelletto, one
of our members, for compensntion, aB
tho result of a rupture caused by over-
lifting, on January. 15, haB been disallowed by the Workmen's Compensation
board. As the division feels that the
claimant comes properly under the act,
Business Agent Hoover has been instructed to tako up the' case and spare
no effort in seeing thnt tho circumstances ore thoroughly investigated and
made known to the board.
General Organizer Watchman Succeeds
in Negotiating An Agreement.
On Mondny morning last eighteen
ship-joinerB employed in Yarrows, Ltd.,
Victoria, came out on Btrike owing to
the failure of the company paying the
maximum rate of 56% cents per hour,
which waB agreed to verbally somo two
months ago. After coming on atrike
they decided to insist on the rate established in Vancouver, namely, 62%
cents per hour, and after two dayB'
strike, the latter rate waB agreed to,
and Mr. Watchman, representative of
the carpenters, signed agreemnts with
Messrs. Yarrow and Cameron Genou
Co., establishing very much improved
conditions. Vice-admiral Storrie has
been notified and requested to enforce
the schedule signed for the naval yard.
Kill flics and Bave lives!
Out-of-town readers of Tho
Federationist can easily help to
increase the usefulness of this
paper by patronizing its advertisers) when they do any shopping.
Every trades unionist should
mention The Federationist to its
advertisers when dealing with
them.  Costs little; helps a lot.
Blattr'i Ayrshlri Bacon, Ih... SSe
Slater's Stnakqr Bsen, lb. Ste
Slater's value Tea, Ib.  SSe
Slater's mm OoffM, lb. SSe
Wi dillvir to ill parte.
131 Hastings St. East    Sly. 336?
B30 Gran-rill* St.      Sly. IM
3214 Main Stmt.    Pair. 1183
Sou-Van Milk
Skoal! bs ln Un hem* of iwry
Pair, 8624
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Furniture Movers
and Packers
Pianos Moved and
Baggage delivered to
and from all parts of
the city, trains and
Cartage of all descriptions by the hour, day
or week.
Phons Day and Night
(0 Fndir It. B.   0. N. E. Sopot
A pleasant surprise awaits yon
it you go to the
for yonr meals.   A joy to
Tba Pick of tbl Markit.
Ohargis Moderate
Opposite the Orpheum Tbiatrl
476 Oranvllle Street (downstairs)
This store is stocked with Solid
Leather Shots for lien, who require a good strong, everyday
shoe—and at the same tine a
comfortable and dressy shoe.
As far as possible, we buy
union-made shoes, and we guar-'
antee satisfaction.
We solicit your patronage.
619 Hsstings stnet West
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancouver
We Waat Ton to De Ton
Furniture Buajnsss With Ue
Oar stock of Itoaltun Is ltt bast
la ths prnlaet. WatMTtr yen waat
aartatsf la ou lias, call la snd look
it ortr.
Hastings Fnrnitiire Co. Ltd.
tl Hastings Strut Wirt
Malleable Rang ss, Shelf and
Hievy Hardware; screw doom
and windows.
SSS7 MAW ST. Pbone: Pair, ta
Coloni|al   Theatre
Programme changed ivory Mon- '
day ud Thursday.
Moat up-to-date photo- play
Labor Temple Press    Sey, MM


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