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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 10, 1917

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BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATTONIST
OFHCIAL PAPEE: VANCOUVEB TRADES AMD LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OP LABOB
EIGHTH YE/J    No. 32
■ Tt-
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 10, 1917
<4_& POIITtCitjtilnTT:   VICTOBT
'■ * «* ^ :—
/In TiUUt\
\ City. $\*» J .
TI
*?#Ufi> PER YEAR
Brazen Attempt to Fasten
Brand of Criminality
Upon Strikers
A Call for Aid in the Battle
Against Capitalist
Persecution
ADVICES received from John
W. Bruce, general organizer
in Canada for the United
Association of Plumbers and
Steamfltters, indicate that two
members of that organization are
receiving a raw deal in the effete
east. , Inasmuch as Organizer
Bruce is so well known to the
trade union movement of B. C.
The Federationist has no hesitation in reproducing the "call"
sent out by the central labor body
of St. John, N. B., setting forth
the circumstances leading up to
the appeal for assistance. While
the trial of the two men charged
brought out only th e flimsiest
kind of evidence and a jury dis
agreement, the crown has ordered
another trial, involving more ex
pensc than the St. John unions
can bear, Hence the appeal, and the
necessity of Britiah Columbia unions
doing all they can to help our fellow
unionists battling for their rights, even
at the risk of incurring the enmity and
persecution of the employing interests,
The Appeal from St. John,
St. John, N. B., July 23, 1917.
To the Organized Workors of Canada.
Brothers; Por the first time in thc
history of Eastern Canada we are compelled to call your attention to the serious condition confronting onc of our
sister local unions and which affects the
whole labor movement of Canada,
On April 23, 1017, local 531 of the
United Association of Plumbers and
Steamfltters were compelled to go on
strike to better their conditions, after
every effort had been made by General
Organieer Bruce to arrange an nmicnble
and satisfactory settlement, und which
struggle is still in progress.
The effectiveness of the striko was
apparent and the muster plumbers were
in a serious condition with tho work
being held up and they were desperate,
nnd every effort was made to secure
men nnd to forco a division among the
strikers, but witho.it avail, ns up to tho
present tiroo only two men out of 42
who quit, have returned to work.
But u serious condition haa now de
Veloped> The men wero active in the
work of picketing, and tlieir good work
in that direction caused the authorities
anil the muster plumbers to make efforts
to intimidate the men, and if possiblo,
to hamper them in their progress. One
evening « non-union man was assaulted
on a lonely highway and injured, from
which injury he died a week later, and
the following evening the country cottage of a master plumber was destroyed
by fire, and these events were heralded
through the press, without any existing
proof, as the work of tho striking plumbers. Then tho Master plumbers, the
police and city officials, started their
campaign to fasten the blame on the
striking plumbers. Two members were
arrested on the charge of arson and
were committed for trial, After a trial
of over a week, in which the Labor
movement was severely and unjustly
condemned, and the presiding judge
charging strongly against the accused,
the jury after five hours of deliberation
could not agree, and wero discharged.
Then we were confronted with a new
and unparalleled situation, the judge nt
the instance of the attorney-general, ordering a new trial to take place before
him for thc following week, and we are
now preparing for same.
The coroner's inquiry into thc death
of the non-union man waa conducted in
a method at variance with the established procedure of the courts. The city
was represented by counsel, and the
master plumbers was represented by
one of the great corporation lawyers
and anti-labor agitators. After an exhaustive inquiry, extending over a
month, in which nearly overy member
of tho Plumbers' union wero compelled
to undergo the ordeal of cross-examination at the hands of, the counsel of the
master plumbers, nnd after a chnrge to
the jury by tho coroner, in which ho
endeavored to connect two of the striking plumbers with tbe death, the jury
failed to take the prejudiced view of
the powers oppoaing ua and brought in
an open verdict as the evidence could in
no way connect any one with the death.
In the efforts to' connect the striking
plumbers with tho death of the nonunion mnn and to hold aome ono responsible, they caused charges of intimidation to be Hied by a strfke-brenkcr
against four of the memberB of the
union, who have been held in jail over
a month on romand without bail, two of
them now have been ehnrged with having caused the death of the non-union
man. and while theae men nre under detention, their wivea and families are
suffering as n consequence.
The local labor movement, having the
(Continued on Pnge Five)
An official "call" for a
special convention of thc B.
C. Federation of Labor will
be issued by Sec. Wells on
Monday, to take place in
Vancouver on Labor Day.
Kvery union should be ready
to give it immediate attention. It is more than important.   It is imperative.
_£my
W~      \
\ jr**\
JU
...f yL
,A     M
H. S. NIGHTSCALES
Acting business agent snd past president af
tbe Vanconver branoh of tbe Pattern Makers' unton, with offices in Room 212, Labor
Temple; a delegate to the Metal Trades
council, and one who bas assisted consider*
ably in organising the local shipbuilding
tradeB during recent weeks. The Pattern
Maken' union has been moving along
quietly for some years, but it promise* to
become a more militant factor in the local
trades union movement, with changed conditions now obtaining, thanks to the untiring work of Business Agent Nfghtscales,
who has not been unknown locally for
some years.
An Appeal to Reason and
Sane Judgment to End
the Brutal Business
A Call for Disarmament and
Formation of a World
League of Peace
[By Rachel .T. CouttB]
CALGARY, Alta., Aug. 5.—I am
sending you a copy of a resolution
which originated with Unity club, nn
organization of women connected with
the Unitarian church in Calgary, Tbe
members of this elub aro of the opinion
that the view here presented in regard
to the continuance of the war is that
which women, the world over, with tlieir
instinct for the preservation of tho
race, naturally take; and they appenl
to the motherhood of Canada to raise
their voice in the interest of peace on
the broad principles laid down in the
resolution.
They appeal tu all whose sanity of
judgment cun rise above the racial antipathies and national prejudices that
have been fostered by a press controlled
by the interests of the governing clnss.
They appeal to those who can see
through the sham patriotism of mon in
control nt Ottawa, who wave tho ling
and pocket wur profits; who urge thrift
and economy and meatless days while
they wax fat through the control of
foodstuffs; who tell us manufacturers
must be encouruged by big profits, to
furnish wur necessities, but the young
artisan whose only wealth is in his
power to labor, must be conscripted at
$1.10 a day, to endure the horrors of
trench warfare.
They appeal to all who can discern
the gross injustice meted out to tho
working people by those in control
through their cry of "Win the War."
\Vin| the wur and grow rich, is the real
interpretation of their programme while
they sit with the noose around the neck
of the workers.
The resolution below was submitted
Sunday night to the Unitarian congregation by the Rev. Wm. Irvine. It was
moved by Mrs. Win. Carson and seconded by Walter Smith aud unanimously
endorsed:
The Resolution.
While realizing the great difficulty
there is in arriving at any consensus of
opinion in regard to tho method of arresting this world war, with whnt seems
to be a hopeless eomplieutioii of interests and aims; and fully appreciating
the'fact that national hostility und race
prejudices have readied sueh an acute
Htage thnt suggestions for peace seem
rather, in somo quarters, to augment
the war spirit, still we believe that:
First: Our interest in humanity demands thnt we do all we can to prevent
u "light to u finish," with its irrational sacrifice of the innocent, its depletion of manhood, its maimed und broken
human survivals, its intensification of
national animosities.
Secondt) That there ure vast numbers
in all the wiring nations, in all classes,
but especially umong tho great silent
masses of the people who ure anxiously
desiring peace. That tnis desire of scattered groups and Individuals, if directed
into u common channel would gather
sueh n force that it would be a powerful fuctor in bringing ubout the uihi
sought for, namely, a basis for peace
that would be acceptable to ull the belligerent nations.
For the ubove reasons, we, the members of Unity club, Cnlgary, Alberta,
are sending out this declaration with
the idea of linking our strength with
those who can unite with us in endorsing the following:
Resolved, First, that we deplore what
seems to us the undue delay of the
governments of all the warring nations
iu trying to find a common basis for
peace.
Second, that wc approve tho principles for peace as embodied in the proclamation of the Soldiers' and Workmen 's council of Russia.
(n) No forcible annexation, (b) no
punitive indemnities, (c) free development of utl nationalities.
Third, that international peace be
maintained by universal disarmament,
by internationalization of commerce,
and by forming a league of nations to
enforce peace.
DO SIGNS ON SOCIAL HORIZON POINT
TO A NEW POLITICAL ALIGNMENT?
jwf.
Are the Forces of Reaction and Tyranny Being Driven into One Camp and the Forces
of Progress and Democracy Lining Up Against Them?—Are Old Political
Lines Breaking Down Under the Stress of the Storm and Tempest of
War and New Lines Being Drawn?—What Do the Signs
That Flash Along th6   Horizon   Portend?
THE THOUGHTS OF thousands of men are now venturing along paths that were strange and unexplored to them three years ago. Old social and political shibboleths are no longer receptive
to their minds. Many appeals that would formerly meet with ready response now fall upon
ears that are deaf. A strange and weird transformation has occurred or is in process in the minds
of men, relating to social, industrial and political problems. Many men are now drawing conclusions
that are completely at variance with those to wh ich they tenaciously clung, but a few short months
ago. Evidently they are reasoning from premises: to which, they were hitherto strangers and a new
light has come unto them. Out of the crucible of war comes forth new concepts, new thoughts, new
visions and new formulae, that press with such insistent force upon the recer tive mind of progressive
man that a new world unfolds itself before him replete with such intellectual treasures and sublime
truths, as to transform an erstwhile dark and gloomy future into a glorious panorama of eminently
satisfying possibilities that imperatively beckons him on, to struggle, to realize and to attain.
Wbat Is Happening In Canada?
One need make no mistake as to what
is occurring in the political field in Canada.
That is, if they have followed the
trend of events in governmental circles at Ottawa and Have noted the response thereto throughout the circle of
the various schools of political and
economic thought in the Dominion,
All governmental activity since the
outbreak of the war has been of an
essentially reactionary character.
It Ib difficult to recall a single act
that might be properly construed as
progressive and in Hne with the advanced thought' of tha age.
Every sinister nnd reactionary influence and interest in human society
bas met with the most tender and so
licitous regard at its hands.
No proiit-grnbbing enterprise has
met with serious check at its .hands, or
suffered any damaging curtailment of
its power for mischief.
No demund, so far as known, that
has been made by tho great dominant
interests in order to strengthen their
hold upon the industrinl life of the nation, hns yet been turned down. *
The supreme demand, supreme in its
unsufferable impudence and damnably
so in its complete destruction of the
lust vestige of democracy and liberty of
the. people of Canada, has been pushed
through to a conclusion, i.e., to itB
enactment into luw, in the face of the
most manifest objection to it upon the
part of the Canadian people and tbeir
repugnance for it.
And it has been condemned by every
organized school of thought in Canada,
that makes any pretenso to being progressive or can make such pretense
with uny bIiow of truth.
Organized labor haB Condemned it.
Socialist organizations hnve condemned it.
Organizations connected with religious bodies have condemned it.
All of the progressive element in the
Liberal pnrty has condemned it.
Individuals, many of tho nblest and
most advanced thinkers in the country,
have condemned it.
Its approval has been left to the
grent dominant interests of the Dominion and their retainers and pensioners, of press, pulpit nnd platform,
the type that has always been the
apostle of reaction nnd the missionary
of tyranny?
The Present Prospect,
It now looks as though the round-up
of reactionaries and disciples of military autocracy and tyranny, is to bc
made fairly complete under the Tory
banner.
From the nppearaace of things at the
Liberal convention at Winnipeg it
seems that thu separation of the sheep
from the gouts is now on and the camp
of reaction and anti-democracy will be
enrieliod by at least some recruits that
have previously paraded themselves ns
stirjiic.ii Liberals.
It really looks ob though the impending campaign will be fought upon the
lines of reaction and military autocracy vs. progress and at least capitalist
democracy.
It matters but little what other issues may try to work themselves into
the contest, the flght will be between
reaction and progress.
In the United States.
A similar transformation in politicul
alignment appears to be likewise going
ou ill the United States, only tho political division there that is supposed to
be the counterpart or political equivalent of the Liberal party of Canada,
happens to bc for tlie moment the custodian uf the interests of reaction and
anti-democracy,
It is, however, nided and abetted
rather more loyally and overwhelming-
VANCOUVER ENGINEERING
WORKS IS STILL TIED UP
Metal Tradea Council WIU Not Handle
"Struck Work"—Votes
Financial Aid.
The strike of thc Metal Trades at
the Vancouver Engineering Works, is
still on and frota the Btrikers' viewpoint, cvorything looks good. The
pickets are doing excellent work, and
ure turning men away daily who are
looking for work.*"The strike is now
well, advertised throughout the Dominion and there is no chance of any mechanics going to the Engineering Works
until the trouble is settled.
Material bas been sent by the above
Jlrm to other plants, thoroughly organized, und if there is any attempt
made to make the men handle this material they will immediately quit work.
The Metal Trades nre determined to
light this Btrike to a finish and every
means 'within reach will be used to
make this company come to time.
During thc week several mon who
went back to work have quit and joined the ranks of the strikers again, and
it is evident, from reports, that even
the strike-breakers arc dissatisfied and
that there is general unrest in the
plant.
At thc last meeting of the Metal
Trades Council, an order was passed
granting sufficient funds to meet the
immediate demands of any who may
require financial assistance.
The committee in charge reported
that they hud notified the Imperial Munition Board that no material from the
Engineering WorkB would be bandied
by organized labor throughout the
province or elBewhere.
LABOR DAY SPECIAL
CONVENTION OF B.C.
FEDERATION OF LABOR
ZSxecutive Summon) Momentous Gathering' of Labor
Forces in Vancouver
[By A. S. Wells]
(Sec.-Treas. B. C. P. of L.)
VICTORIA, B. C, August
10.—(Special to The
Federationist.) — All
the B. C. members of the
executive of the B. C. Federation of Labor have voted
unanimously, by wire, that a
special convention be held.
President Naylor, who is
here, suggests Labor Day at
Vancouver, and as 1 have no
time to further consult executive will issue the official
call on Monday for that
date. The situation, politically and industrially, makes
a special convention imperative, so that the members of
organized labor can decide
upon what action is necessary to fight conscription, if
necessary, and take steps to
seek representation legislatively at the ^flVthcoming
elections. Please notify all
unions to be on lookout for
"call," so that they can
govern themselves accordingly.
ly by the reputedly reactionary Republican party than ia the Canadian political custodian of thc hopes and ambitions of reuction and anti-democracy,
Borden and his Tory colleagues, aided
und abetted by the Liberal party here.
From all over the United States there
are being recruited the forces that ure
lining up for the strjgglo of democracy
against reaction.
Thc People's Council, the Union
Against Militarism, socialist, and other
progressive bodies nnd individuals are
mobilizing their forces for the tight.
The most advanced and capable
thinkers of the nntion are enlisting for
the struggle.
All the baneful and sinister forces
of tyranny and reaction, it is needless
to predict, will be driven into one
camp and the battle will then become
fierce.
That the next regular election for the
congress of thc U. S., November, 1918,
will be a lively ont* nnd that the issue
will be that of'reaction and unti-democ-
racy vs. progress and democracy, is a
reasonubly safe prediction.
A Few Queries.
If it so happens that a new political
alignment results t'r-.in the disturbance
that is now going on in social, political
and -economic thought nnd  the aliga-
An official "call" for a
special convention of the B.
C. Foderation of Labor will
be issued by Sec. Wells on
Monday, to take place in
Vanoouver on Labor Day.
Every union should be ready
to give it immediate attention. It is more than important.   It is imperative.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Aug. 12Stnge Employees; Musicians,
MONDAY, Aug. 13—Amal. Engineers; Pattern Makers;♦Boilermakers; Iron Workers; Steam
Engineers; Electrical Workers;
U. B. Carpenters, No. 017; Bro,
Loco, Engineers; Garage Repairmen,
TUESDAY, Aug. 14—Stone Cutters; Pressmen; Barbers; Machinists, No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 15—Plasterers; Metal Trades Council;
Brewery Workers,
THURSDAY, Aug. 16—Trades
and 'Labor Council; Mnititon-
ancce-of-waymen,
FRIDAY, Aug. 17—Ruilway Oar-
men; Moulders; Civic Employees; Pile Drivers and
Wooden Bridge Builders.
SATURDAY, Aug. IS—Blacksmiths,
ment is along the lines previously indicated, where is the progressive element
in human society to be found in the
flght!
Upon which side of the controversy
will the organized labor forces stand!
How will the advanced and pn.irroB-
sive thinkers of all schools of political
thought act in the premises?
Will socialists, single taxers, I. W.
W.b, Democrats, still cling to the stubborn determination to set their own
particular programs aB the supreme dictum of all things, and refuse to recognize the Belf-evident fact that with reaction triumphant and military tyranny once again firmly in the saddle, all
the weary road of struggle must once
more be trod with the bleeding feet of
martyrs, ere the trail of democracy can
again be blazed for the guidance of
those that are to follow it?
Shall the disciples of democracy and
freedom allow their often slight differences in regard to tke details of
their realization, stand in the way of
the rescue of the few remaining remnants ef that democracy and freedom
from the deadly clutches of reaction
and military tyranny that are now impudently perfecting their stranglehold
in gloating contemplation of the day
when that tyranny shall atand supreme?
Special Convention Summoned.
The B". C. Federation of Labor is calling a convention to bc held on Labor
Day.
May it be a representative one nnd
may it answer some of the questions
that arc forcing themselves upon us in
these days of swift and sweeping social and political change.
FISH PACKERS HAVE
BEACHED AGREEMENT
Basis of Settlement At Meeting Called
Laet Night.
PRINCE RUPERT. July 30.—The
threatened strike nmong the fish pack-
era hns been averted, for n basis of settlement was reached at a meeting held
last evening. The men already employed nt the cold storage plant will
receive 50 cents per hour. New men
will receive 45 cents the first three
months, il% cents for the 'next nine
months and 50 cents after that period.
All will receive (10 cents overtime, and
75 cents on Sunday or any legal holiday.
ROYAL CITY MACHINISTS
NEARING 100 PER CENT. MARK
Open Meeting on Wednesday, August
15—Eight-hour Day Agreement to Be Presented.
NEW WESTMINSTER, Aug. fl.—On
Wednesday next, the 15th, locnl 151, I.
A. of M., will hold an, open meeting in
the Lnbor hall, nnd are inviting all nonunion men, whb are eligible for membership, to attend. There are only 18 or
20 men in the city who are eligible who
do not carry union cards, and n number
of tbem have ngreed to line up. Orgnnizer McCall1 Jm spent all day Wednesday visiting the shops and automobile giirnges, nnd was able to get most
of tbem to agree to affiliate,
At Wednesday's meeting it will be
decided when the agreement for the S-
hour day and other conditions will be
presented.
TEAMSTERS'  UNION HAS
MEMBERSHIP OF OVER 250
Enthusiastic     Organization     Meeting
Wednesday Evening Resulted in
Over 50 New Recruits.
To get u life-sized reproduction of
the old 1903 spirit of B. C. unionism
one only hnd to attend tlie muss-meet-
ing of Teamsters, held in Labor Temple
ou Wednesday evening. It was u humdinger, with pep to bum. More tlin.ii
60 new members wen added to the roll
during the evening, making well over
the 250 mink. Business Agent Petrie
is tho busiest mun in town. With the
assistance of the newly-elected business
agent of the rent ml tabor body, Victor
It. Midgley, und Messrs. G. ,T. Kelly of
the Longshoremen nnd Jns. H. MeVety,
manager of the Labor Temple, the new-
old Miiion settled down to business. Officers, save the positions of president
nnd secretnry, were elected, but for obvious reasons the personnel will not be
announced just at this time.
There will be no undue lutste shown
in presenting n schedule t" omployers,
but when the time comes the organization will be able to meet tho situation.
But it is interesting to observe thnt
already some of the employers arc anticipating whut organization menus, by
increasing wages and bettering working conditions.
Willi nil the transportation trades
thoroughly organized the Teamsters'
will hnve many allies to help thom
mnke u success'of their effort to firmly
re-establish tho old-time teamsters'
union.
MACHINISTS'   WANT BUSINESS  AGENT
At n joint executive meeting of the
Machinists' locals in Vancouver und
New Westminster, hold last Saturday
afternoon, it was decided to recommend
to thc locals llint a business ngent be
appointed, and that the grand lodge bv
requested to give ils consent, and tho
usual financial assistance. It was also
decided to nsk Victoria nnd Prince Rupert to oo-operate, and appoint representatives to uct in conjunction with
the nbove.
J. BLOMPIELD
Business agent for the Shipwright*, Ship-
-joiner*, Caulkers, Boatbuilder* and Mill
men, local 180S, with headquarters at
Rooms 212-14, Labor Temple. Mr. Blora-
field is past president of hli loesl; a delegate to the Metal Trades counoil and to
the Trades and Labor council, and although a comparatively new figure In the
local organlted labor movement, is not
new ts the trades union movement, he having been treasurer of Durban, Natal,
Trade* and Labor council In 1904-6, and
later identified with the wage-worker* at
Newark, N. J.. California .and even a* far
north as Alaska. Re ia a welcome addition to the Labor Temple rostrum* of business agent* and 1* making good.
MB IK
Want Rations Issued Each
Fortnight Instead of
Once a Month
Sundry  Matters Threshed
Out  in  Eminently
Proper Style
IKES NOME
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., Aug.
!*.—A special nieeting of hwml 872, U.
M. W. of A., was held here on Sunday,
when the report of the committee,
named to interview the president of the
coal company, wus discussed. The first
question tnken up was the proposed
change in the system of payment. The
management made n proposition to pay
on the seeond ami fourth Saturdays of
the month, all moneys earned from the
1st to the 16tfc of tin1 month to be puid
on the fourth Sat.irdny. und the remainder of the month puid on the second Saturday. The management thought
thnt if the men and the compnny agreed
to this system, it would answer Instead
of the government measure, which is
rnther un wieldly,
it was pointed put to them thut it wns
hardly possible to agree to break a law.
Anyhow, the semi-monthly pay bill lias
a clause which expressly forbids any
such ngreement.
Home discussion took place, in which
it wus pointed out that if u sufficient
number of industries nffected by the
semi-monthly pny bill, were to inaugurate a system that closely followed the
government measure, it would possibly
have a tendency to cause the amendment of the bill.
The meeting refused to accept the
proposition und decided to wait for the
government measure, which Incomes
law on October 1st.
To Abolish "Cut-throat" System.
The next question was the request of
tho management for a change iu the
methods of working cent met places in
the mine. Heretofore they have been
worked on whnt is known as the "cutthroat" system, thut is, u place running
three shifts, and thi] men ou euch shift
getting what they make, The company
is anxious to see the six men working
co-operatively. After quite a discussion, in which it was plainly shown thnt
the new system wns right in line with
u union policy, und would loud to eliminate a lot of the dissatisfaction uud
squabbling bred by tho "cuMbroat"
system, the men ngreed to adopt the
new system.
Price of House Ooal.
The compnny requested the men to
consider ihe question of the price of
house conl. Home time ngo. the old
management raised the price of coal to
the men without so much ns by your
leave, nnd of course Miere was fl row. \
Tin- mutter wns taken up with the new
prosidont, und he put the ennl buck to
its old price again, In view pf the fnct ;
that wnges had been ruined, nnd the
price of coul nlso rinsed to the consum-1
or, he thought that the company should \
gel « little mora from the mon for coal I
lurehnsed. This question wus thoroughly discussed, some m-»ii talking un attitude of "lieiivy-on-llu-luke.-l.ut-liglil-
on-the-give,'' but when nil the phases
of the question wore gone into, such ns
(he price of houso coal to the employees
of other companies; the fact thnt there
is u possibility of US gelling nn infer*
ior coul in the future, nnd nlso the fact
that there is nt present no published
scale of wages, it wns not thought advisable to agree to h change in the
price of house conl.
The committee reported on the attitude tnken by the company president
towhrds his employees. He had expressed his willingness to meet Ihe committee every month, nnd is desirous of
meeting uny mun nt nny time, to honr
his troubles. His nttit.ide was one of
seeking to meet thc men hulf-wuy on
uny question thut urisos,
That Ambulance Again.
The committee of the Medical Accident, fund hnd un interview on the day
following and huve got the promise of
ii third Of the eost of the umbulunce
station, und the compnny to instal light
(Continued on Page Five)
Notes of the Recent Strike
and Some of the Gains
That Were Made
A Few of the Interesting
Things Disclosed by
the Episode
[By Longshoremen's Press Committee]     *
In spite of the hullabaloo raised, that
the Longshoremen's main aim was to
tie up commerce and was not a raise
in wages; in spite of the cries of pro-
Germanism, socialism, I. W. W.-ism and
every other "ism," horled at m by the
editorial scribes of the daily press, who
always riBe to the occasion, when their
masters' interests demand their ser-
vices* we say in spite of these calumnies, the Longshore itrike is settled,
aad was settled jast as soon as the
Longshoremen's reasonable demands
were granted.
The strike came to an end on Monday, August 6, by the vote of a mast-
meeting, on tbe C. P. R. agreeing to
the following proposition, i.e.:
To grunt an increase on deep sea
dock-work (trucking and piling from
sling to first pile) from 45 cents per
hour, day work, and 65 cents per hour
overtime, to 50 cents per hour day work
and 75 cents per hour overtime;
Second: To enter into conference
with representatives of the warehousemen and freight-handlers, known aa
Local 38-52 Auxilinry, I.L.A., nnd attempt to arrive at a satisfactory settlement of the demunds made by tho
auxilinry,
Upon a snisfactory settlement being
nrrived at by the Auxiliary, the Longshoremen's union has agreed to enter
into un agreement »'Uh the C. P, R.
which will insure peace and harmony
for some months to come.
Such, in brief, are the terms upon
which the recent strike wns settled.
Now that, the strike is over, a fef
lessons have been taught js, that alt
organized labor may well profit by.
First und foremost is the lesson of
solidarity, whicli wns exemplified by
the workers on the S. S. Niagara. Without exception every department, whether sen in I'ti. firemen, cooks, stewards,
etc., absolutely refused to allow themselves to be used as tools by the employers to break the strike, ami their
ftption «UI be . rtHnemherpd Jiy.the """'■
Longshoremen of Vnncouver for a long
time to come.
In marked contrast to this manly
conduct, the workers of Vancouver
want to remember U»e power of tho
corporations over their Oriental workers. While not n mnn wns available
aboard the Ningarn the O, P. It. was
uble to reqiiistion the services of all
their Chinese workers.   ■
There is another clnss hardly higher
than the Oriental in intelligence, certainly no higher in independence of
spirit. Wo refer to those menials
known ns the office staff. Ordinarily
these individuals imagine they are
nbove the iniui who toils with his hands
and though they nre not much nf a
incline e in a si like owing to their physical ineptitude, still it is not becnuse
of nny unwillingness lo try, as the
Longshoremen found.
Another feature is the attitude of
the returned soldier, Although we
huve nothing official, yet in conversation with quite u few of the boys we
nre convinced thnt the employers will
be i-mlly disappointed if they expect
to use our returned boys to break
strikes.
Even though insidious news was being, circulated thut the Longshoremen
were responsible for the holding up of
wnr munitions, etc., dozens of returned soldiers with whom we eame in contact, thoroughly understood that it was
not the Longshoremen, but the C. P. R.
(who, in view of its immense profits
could well afford to puy thc increase
asked) who were responsible for any
delay iu tbe transit of military supplies.
Another episode wus the attitude of
pftrtlCB of Russian political exiles returning to Russia.
"n one ruse a pnrty of 40 going home
the "Empress" und in another caso
ii pnrty of -!"> going in the MoafOftglO,
having heard of the strike, called at
our utnee, und demiinded nn assurance
thnt the strike wns off, declaring em-
phuticnlly thut they would not travel
on any "scab bunt,'Muit would revcko
their passage first.
So, you see, there is still hope for
the working clnss.
AUTOMOBILE REPAIR AND
OARAGE EMPLOYEEA
Almost 100 Members Now Enrolled—
Another Meeting on Monday,
August 13.
The Automobile Repair und Garage
Employees ure making splendid  hcud-
ulreudy nlmost 10(1 mem-
omiug   in  dally.
wuy, und have
bers,   With   ne
The chnrter will be here in the course
of u few days, and permanent ollicers
will be elected, This locnl will not only
be a valuable asset to tho Machinists'
organization but ulso to the genoral
lnbor movement. Another open meoting will be held ou Monday evening,
August l.'i, nt 8 o'clock, in the Labor
Temple, and nil men employed in tho
automobile industry are invited to Attend.
An official "call" for a
special convention of the B.
C, Federation of Labor will
lio issued by Sec. "WelU on
Monday, lo take place in
Vancouvor on Labor Day.
Kvery union should be ready
to give il immediate attention.- It is more than important.   It is imperative. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY.... August 10, 1917
THE
INCORPOEATED
1865
BANK OF
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Deposits  54,000,000
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ACCOUNTS
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may ba opened at The
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For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
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Kit
Published over; Friday morning by the B. 0.
Fedarationtst, Limited
E. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St,
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495   -
After 6 p-m.: Soy. 7497
Subscription: 91.50 par year; in Vancouver
City, |2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, if 1.00.
REPRESENTATIVES
New Westminstor W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S, D, Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria ~...A. S. Wells, Box 1588
"Unity of Labor:  the Hopo of the World"
FRIDAY * August 10, 1917
WHENEVER an assault is to be
made upon a people's liberties,
it has long since  becomo  the
fashion to load the victims into the belief that whatevor is done is only cal-
i eulated to be for
THE ETHICAL their  own  good
AND MORAL CODE and     for     the
OF REACTION final purpose  of
securing to thom
still greater liberties in the days that
aro to come. In fact, no sane reactionary would for a moment admit the intention of curtailing the liberty and
democracy of a poople. To do so would
be to raise such a storm of protest
against his schemes aB to perhaps preclude the possibility of their success.
In times of popular unrest and excite-
mont, and more especially when this
•excitement is due io the existence of
conditions of war, conditions that more
completely unseat the reason and upset the judgment of men than any
other, the forces of reaction sneak out
of their burrows and prowl around in
the confusion and turmoil of the occasion, seeking opportunity to recover
that which may have been previously
lost to' the forces of progress and an
advancing civilization. No sooner was
the ilrst gdn of the present war emptied
of its message of death and hell, than
■every reactionary element in human society at once got busy and commenced
to flsh in the troubled waters for a
return of the privileges and powers
that had been wrung from the tyranny
and oppression of the past. And every
tool of reaction, every political and
othor ruling class scalawag in the service, has been busy, and is still busy
at the work that is so destructive of
human progress and so threatening and
deadly to human liberty.
* * *
The Federationist has repeatedly
pointed out the reactionary and danger*
oub character of all conscription and
similar schemes, and that tho real purpose lying behind them is a most deadly ono to democracy and liberty. In
order that our opinion may not be con
sidered an unduly biased one, the following from no less an authority than
Sir James Lougheed, member of the
sonatc, and one of the ablest conservative disciples of reaction in that somewhat moribund institution, is offered as
corroborative evidence of thc truth of
our assumption. In speaking upon the
Military Service Bill when that precious measure was up for second reading in the senate, he said:
"This is one of the occasions on
which the government has to forego
considering what may be the popular
will, but to dotcrmine thc grave and
crucial question as to what the interests of the state demand."
Louis XIV. is said to huve declared
once upon a time: "I am tho State!"
Now it would be up to the capitalists
the dominant interests—to sny: ^'We
aro the State!" At any rate the State
is not the people as a whole. This is
affirmed by Lougheed when he declares
it tu bo thc purpose of the government
to forogo the popular'will" and con-
servo the Stute. The "popular will"
cnn mean nothing but thc will of the
people, and this can only be cxpressccd
by ex-ereisc of thc democracy of thc
franchise—the vote. As conscription
is toi bc forced upon thc people of Canndn, not by the "popular will" but
by the arbitrary act   of   government,
thua flaunting the "popular will" and
impudently defying it, what, more need
be said to prove the present government 's concept of the State to be purely Prussian and its ethical und moral
code as essentially reactionary and destructive of all democracy and liberty,
as that of the kaiser and his junker-
dom? As ho is the big noise of the
presont Tory government in the senate,
Iris evidence should be quite sufficient
to remove all doubt.
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCORPORATED 1869
Capital paid-up $ 12,011,001)
Reserve Funds     14,324,000
Total ABsots   287,000,000
HEAD  OFFICE,   MONTREAL
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday.   Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal.
-SATE TOUB MONET-
0. 8. HARRISON, Manager,
Oranvillo and Fender
START A BANK ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't Btow away your spare
cash in any old corner where It ir
in (lunger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, nnd *ill give you full
banking Hervir-c, whether your account is large ur small
Interest nllowed on savings deposits.
0. N. 8TAOEY. Manager
Hastings and Carrall
JUST HOW LONG the struggle has
been going on for better wages and
working conditions it is difficult to
say.   Bjt that such n struggle has been
continuous ever since the very beginning of the wage sys-
THE tem of exploiting la-
WISDOM OF       bor,  is  certain.    In
OUB FOLLY,       fact such a thing as
a wage earner entirely devoid of aspirations for higher pny
is really unthinkable.   Even tho dullest
of them are not quite dull enough to be
thoroughly satisfied with any wnge that
is likely to be freely offered them by
their masters.   It is not quite true to
assort that any of the workers are altogether  satisfied *with wage conditions
that are so narrow as to admit of nothing but  chronic  misery  and  distress.
And because of thig, there is always
more or less of an inclination to struggle, "be it ever so feobly, against such
conditions, with the hope in view of being able to gain some relief. When this
disposition becomes emphasized and is
oxpressed through the united action of
n considerable  number of workers it
often assumes thc nature of a serious
threat to the orderly processes of industry and at times, even endnngers the
stability of the existing social order.
Never were strikes and other labor disturbances of such frequent occurrence
as at the present time.   Never were the
workers more stubbornly persistent in
their demands for somo relief for the
miseries  that  press upon them.    And
never were their masters more helpless,
either in refusing such demands or in
acceding to them.   For let it be known
that it is as equally impossible to successfully accomplish the one thing as
the other, for the very simple reason
that nothing is settled in either case.
*      *      *
Now for a few facts.   In th* first'
place, it is well within the truth to
assert, that never in the history of the
wage system of exploitating labor has
the average wage been lower than at
tho present tihie.   Never has its par-
chasing   power   been less than now,
and that is the real test.   Never waB
the economic pressuro upon the workers
so groat.    The tremendous increase of
labor unrest and violent outbreaks can
be accounted for in no other way.   One
needs but to compare the wages of today and thc cost sf living, with the
wages and cost of living at any previous time, either within one's own memory or of which , we    have historical
record, to be made painfully aware of
the fact, that to say the least, there
has been no permanent advance in thc
avorage wage    the    workers have received during all of the period covered
by thc organized efforts of the workers
to better  thefr conditions by forcing
wages up, or avoid sinking to worse
conditions through their dropping   to
lower  levels.    That  there   have  been
fluctuations up and down no one will
deny, but that the tendency has at all
times been in the direction   of   lower
average  wages   and    a narrower and
more uncertain existence for the workers, is beyond dispute. *
# #       *
There nre good, and sufficient reasons
for thia. The workers of today are
compelled to work for others, just as
truly as waa the case in tho days of
the chattel slavery of old. Being compelled to work for others implies that
the workers can possess no control over
thnt which comes forth as a result of
their labor. The food they produce
docs not belong to them but to those
for whom they labor. Likewise with
everything else they produce. It needs
no argument to show that under such
circumstances of onforeod labor for
others, that the most tho thus enslaved
workera can possibly expect for themselves ia sufficient to enable them to
exist only so long as their employees
desire to uso them. And that sufficiency will bo determined not so much by
tlieir own conception of what is requisite^ aa by the will of those for whom
thoy toil. This will be, and cnn be
modified only by such circumstnncoa as
may occur in relation to the number
of workers available as compnred to
the number necessary to supply the requirements of the maatera, that is aupply nnd demand.
# Ht       *
For some thousands of yenrs the
workers have centred their efforts upon
trying to beat the wnge gamo, by forcing it to deal more kindly with them
in tho matter of wages and working
conditions. They hnve failed. A survey of world conditions amply proves
it. Never was existonce more preenr-
Sous and uncertain to the wage slaveB
of the world than now. Never was
such a multitude of them veritable outcasts and Pariahs ns at present, nor
so relentlessly driven from pillar to
post in sonrch of surcease from their
miseries. Never was tho general outlook for lnbor moro gloomy and threatening. Never in all the history of ruling class ferocity and brutality were
so many millions of theso slaves driven
to recklessly butcher thwnsclvea and
lay waste lo the earth, as now. And
all this after centuries of struggle upon
the part of labor to lessen its htisery
and "lift ita eyes to tho stars" ns
ihe poet might say.
# *       *
All that wage slaves can possibly got
for their labor, upon the average, is
enough food, clothing, housing, etc., to
keep them in working condition while
the masters require their services. That
is while they work. It is so manifestly clear that slaves are not ontitled to
any more than that, that it seems almost an inended reflection upon human
intelligence to restate it. Any one
with average intelligence knows that a
horse, mule or ox could not be allowed
any more than that, if the master had
any disposition to economically conduct
his affairs and avoid foolish waste.
And what sensible masters practice
with their horses, mules, etc., along this
line, why should they not practice with
such human animals as providence may
placo within their stewardship? Being
men of sense they will no more throw
unnecessary fodder to their human em*
ployeeB than they will to their equine,
bovino, or canine attendants. If th-e
former do not like to be classified with
and treated like tho latter, they must
lift themselves from thi slave category,
as a class, by assuming control and
mastery of their means of life (the resources of the earth and the tools of
labor) and end the wage system by
setting up production solely for use
by those who produce, in the place of
the present productionl by wage slaves
for the profit and glory of those who
do nothing but own. Relief from, their
miseries can not come to the workerB
through mending and patching the
wage system of skinning them out of
what they produce. The magnificent
result of their centuries of effort along
that line ought to convince them of
this. It can only come by the ending
of the system whereby they are skinned. Ordinary horse sense would have
long since taught us that. That the
course we have been pursuing has
brought us out at the same place we
went in is painfully apparent. It has
proven to be as ridiculous as
"whipping the Devil around a stump"
and equally as sensible as " a dog chasing his own tail." The wisdom of our
folly should begin to dawn upon us in
the course of another couple of centuries or so. Then our class will storm
the governmental citadelB of ruling
class power, breach thoir wallB and
spike their guns, by removing the
parchment shackles that have been
placed upon the limbs of labor during
the centuries of slavery.
AS ANNOUNCED in a recent issue of this paper, Mrs. Rena
Mooney waB acquitted by a San
Francisco jury of any participation in
the bomb outrage perpetrated in that
eity a year ago. Al-
A LOATHSOME though not a shred
AND BRUTAL of reliable evidence
OUTRAGE has yet been pro-
duced to show that
pny of tho accused persons had anything to do with the horrible affair,
Warren K. Billings is now under life
sentence and ThomaB J. Moonoy, husband of Rena Mooney, has been sentenced to hang, for alleged participation in the affair. These sentences
were Bccured through resort to the most
palpably framed-up evidencoi that was
over offered before a court. The instruments in human shape that were
used for this delectable purpose wero
composed of some of tne most degraded
specimons that it was possiblo to recruit from the underworld of ■ a civilization that, is so rotten, oven upon
ita surface, that it stinks to high
heaven in the nostrils of the small
modicum of decency that has been able
to so far survive its poisonous and debauching touch. Nothing ranker and
more disgusting haB even been pulled
off by the slimy and degraded tools of
ruling class ruffianism, in all of its accursed history of vicious degradation.
But the crowning achievement in this
infamy has ben reserved by the lowest
nnd most conscienceless tool that, was
ever employed by cowardly ruffianism
to carry out its nefarious purpose, one
Fickert, district attorney for the city
and county of San Francisco, to be
heaped upon the head of Mrs. Mooney.
In spite of her acquittal by a jury,
Mrs. Mooney is still held in jail, by
tho orders of this thing called Fickert,
who declares that he will try her yet
again upon tho remaining six charges—-
all alike—that tho unsufferablo farce
of tho law nnd its attendant low court,
practice has allowed to be filed against
this valiant and courageous woman of
thc working class. She is to bc put in
jeopardy of her life again and again
to satisfy thc vengeance of Fickort and
tho dirty and blood-thirsty interests
back of him, against those who have
committed no other crime than thot of
taking active part, in the struggles of
slavos to obtain better trcument from
their brutnl and arrogant mnsters.
Nover was. there exhibited a more
fiendish determination to commit murder, by the hanging of persons innocent of nil crime, than this. It is a
wonder how the patience of the workers can be equal to the task of refraining from outbreaks of violence in the
fnco of such reckless brutal attempts
to tuke the lives or heap tortures upon
thoso among them who may be singled
out as victims for the sacrifice.
*      *      *
Needless to say that whilo Billings
serves his#life sentence, while Mooney
awaits the hangman's noose and Mrs,
Mooney is still held in jail, that vile
scum of the earth consisting, of dope
fiends, prostitutes, perjurers, detectives,
legal crooks and similar ruling class
spawn and backwash that was used in
the "frame-up" against them, remains
at liberty, complimented and coddled
by tho evil-smelling interests that lie
snugly behind tho whole damnable
scheme of torture, and murder—those
interests that arc banded together in
brigandage, under tho title of Snn
Francisco Chamber of Commerce.
It is also needless to add that almost
without exception preBS, pulpit nnd ofli-
Cialdom is hand in glovo with those interests and vigorously applauds their
murderous offorts.   "Birds of a feath
er flock together" and filth breeds
maggots.
* *      *
Theae persecuted workers, whose
lives are murderously sought by the
baneful interests that livo and fatten
upon the exploitation and misery of en-
slaved labor and' are thrown into fits
of frenzied ferocity whenever slaveB
too loudly complain against their torture, may look for no assistance outside of their class and thc few, the
very few among the masters, who are
still possessed of sufficient decency to
prevent them from experiencing intense disgust at these attempts to
stifle human aspirations by tho process of murder. The struggle to Bave
these imperilled ones of our class from
the clutches of the inhuman monsters
who now hold them and would take
their lives, must still go on. We can
not afford to allow these brothers and
Bisters of ours to be sacrificed to the
blood-lust of capitalist property and its
beneficiaries and retainers. We must
still come to their aid with all we have
and all we can spare, until they are
out of danger and again free to take
up their part in the struggle for labor's emancipation from capitalist
slavery,
* »      *
Financial aid is especially required.
The machinery of capitalist justice
will not work unless properly and most
copiously lubricated. Justice, unlike
salvation, is not freo. The International Workers1 Defense League, 210 Russ
Building, San Francisco, Cal., calls
upon tho workers everywhere for
funds to continue the fight for the
lives and freedom of those whom the
Chamber of Commerce and its vile tools
would murder. Let the response be
immediate and generous.
After the American Socialist, the official organ of the Socialist, Party had
been, shut out of the mails by the post-
office department of the United States,
the publishers were summoned to appear before Third Assistant Postmaster
General Dockery and '' show cause why
it should not forfeit its second-class
mail privileges." Whether this was
intended as a joke or merely as adding
insult to injury, is not clear. Perhaps
both.
The national board for historical service is conducting a sort of guessing
contest, for whieh prizes are to be
given as follows: For the best guess as
to "Why the United States ii at
War," $150, and for the second best
guess, $75. The Federationist needs
that (150 and therefore makes its guess
with the full intention of getting it.
The reason the United States Ib at war
is "Henry Dubb." Please send along
the
A Wisconsin paper asserts that So
cialists are "holding meetings and denouncing in the most flagrant language
everything that makes for the continuation of law, order and respect for
individual and property rights." Probably the sort of "law, order and re-
■jpeot for property rights" now being
so emphatically affirmed in Europe.
Ruling claaa law, order and respect for
property rights. They ought to be
ashamed of themselves for denouncing
anything so exceedingly lovely as that.
In speaking of the high prices and
the general unrest and protest in consequence, the Milwaukee Leader asserts: "It is within the power of gov-
ornmont to solve the problem, completely and permanently, if it only sees fit
to do so. But any complete and permanent solution of this problem would
bo'decried as Socialism, of course." As
government iB nothing but the instrument, or rather the expression of ruling class' requirements, and is entirely
unthinkable and impossible except human slavery exists, and Socialism is
equally impossible except Blavery be
abolished and freedom come into its
own, why does the Leader infer that
"it is within the powor of the government to Bolve the problem completely and permanently!" DoeB the Leader expect the government to commit
suicide! Or is the Leader still befogged with the notion that government
ownership of things has something to
do with Socialism! If so, the time
has certainly come for an awakening
in its editorial sanctum.
An official "call" for a
special convention of tbe B.
C. Federation of Labor will
be issued by Sec. "Wells on
Monday, to take place in
Vancouver ' on Labor Day.
Every union should be ready
to give it immediate attention. It is more than important.   It is imperative.
Shoes!    Shoes!
We havo footwear for all purposes.
Tho best of leathers and tho very bost
workmanship. You will flnd horo exactly tho atyle of Shoo you wish.
Stronger shoes for the laboring man.
Tho very finest of Shoes for the business man.
Prices. «4.50 to (12.00
CLUFF SHOE CO.
8*19 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hatting! BtnM Wut
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, sliced, per lb 300
Ayrshire Bacon 30c and 36c
li lbs. B. G. Sugar 11,65
Slater'i Tea, lb SOo
Slater's Coffee, lb 26c
Apex Jam, 1-lb. tins 46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jello, 3 for ~ 26e
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
FBE8H MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to AU Puts
131 Hastings St. Eut    gejr. 3262
830 Oranvillo St.     Ber. 868
32H Mala Stntt.    Pair. 1683
OWEN & McCALLUM
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 4(7
ASK
YOUB
DEALER
LECKIE SHOES
—nro made of GENUINE LEATHER
—the bost that can ho secured.
And   EXPERT   CRAFTSMANSHIP
goes into ovory pnir.
Lockio Shoes are, made to give you
absolute comfort, good looks and long
Made jn B. C. by B. C. workmen-
Look for "Leckie" on every pair.
Fall Hats
Fine HATS are scarce today, and we pride
ourselves on the quality and freshness of
our Hat stock. Come in and try on some
of our new shapes. They impart a touch
of style and smartness to one's appearance.
Borsalino Hats, $5 and $6.   Stetson Hats,
$5.   Wolthauson Hats, $3 and $4
Wm. Dick Ltd.
33 and 47-49 Hastings Street East
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Offioel
Room 208 Ubor Tempi.. MeeUflril
Sunday ol each moath. 1'rsaident, Jamea
Oaiiipboll; fluanoJal secretary, J. Sm tb, 610
Holifen Bldg.;   Box 424;  pfcM So,   2572,
VANCOUVER tNIONS !
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEETS
flrat aad third Thursdaya. Executive
board; James H. McVety, preaident; Fred A.
Hoover, vice-president; Victor R. Midgley,
general aeoretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles. treasurer; W. H. CotterllL atatlatl-
clan;, sergeant-at-arms, Oeorgo Harriion; A.
J. Crawford. Jaa. Campbell, F. Haigh, true*
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES OODNOIL—
D.„.iUe8.tl' ^"°"i """day In tbe month.
President, Ooo. Barter; aeeretary R H
Neelands, P. U. lira -i     '-"•"">'  ■**■•  1*
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' 1NTERNATION-
al Union ot America. Looal No. 120—
SfSfo2-."*? "?d «'*-„>«daye in ihe _%Sk.
Room 205 Labor Temple. Preaident, L°S
Herrltt; secretary. S. H. Orant, 1671 Alfcrii
BRICKLAYERS  AND   MASONS,  NO   1—
Meet 2nd and 4th Wedieadays « n m
£»»« »■»»■ Prealdovt, OtaETSWhi'S:
reepondlng aeoretary, W. S. D»mUL Boi m*
flnanclal aeeretary, 'w._ P|p„'°*'' Bo1 68i
■WEWEKY WORKERS L. U. No. 381, I. u.
w.j„«:j?: V ■>'. Ai—"Mia flrat and third
MT'S' "' "3* """"■■■ Atm 802, Ubo?
ta.rt' V'm.- P™*****™--. 1". Graham; Itore*
S'ueAwe.t.A"'0ri"t' Su"e '• 1788 F™"**
nKUTUERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
America,  Vancouver Lodge No. llKSeoto
______r____n__ip-
f^°y^en^\Zl'f&^
w"l   &..°?,t"2*<     t««~7-_-*_
__t sl"'°iSl: *°m *"•uKr ™»&*
____tJ2_Zi__*K*H • ""'"^
 .,,  ~mms   AC1HP11.
la™,««*fIONAL LUNUSHOREMEN'S Aft
t_____B________r« *• a,»^
'• i\a^SSa___^_hM§^S_k
business agent, B. Winch Soori"»*7 "1*
MOVING    PICTURE"  MACHINE   OPE«
tor.- Union U„l 848. iTl.RE*^
f_^^*mplir_a^i
_   R   K.l.r;   bu.lot*..  wTpu.   »5i
SffiS?8fff!Uft'-mfife
"SWVMS «rant rtmtf Sn.»5i| !£
retary, J. Lyons, 1548 Ytttt—tSlmi- !E
Qmhld"^ E-W»'»'"1»V 8247 "t
urey read.    Phone Bayvlew 2978L
WSSSHW0D OFPAINTERS-Loc-UN--"
138—Meets aecond and fourth  ____*-
-&_£_**'• "■ -&• %-*m\
STREET AND EIJEcfRic~BAILWAY Eg.
&'".''V''1"- ***■ Hoowr"24o{^cfik
drive, offlce ,,„„ _ rlor ,ai |t'rt™*gjg*?
JOURNEYMEN     TAILORS'   _UNioN—OP
America,   Local   No.   178_M.r.i!;„   __\ ■
«"' «»»dT'J & "ch •»"£< "m BpSffi
S!mM,«.RD LABORER5rTJNIONrN^665
month, 8 p.m.. Labor Temple. Prc.ld.ntr
&'.L'T,Jln« .■"""■£ W. Hard, \fi
Prosidont wl t1 e*.ch """"•• " 3 P.m
R   0   Mmh'all*' tZS'}""'.1 T«« pre.Idcnt.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR-MesU I.
annual convention in Jantm    iKXii!
Sw*»^S
26, Trail. Crowe Neat Valler*-w i pK?
Ipa, 178 McPhaSSn VSS- BeweSS:
tr.Mu,.r: A. s. Willi, Bo.ToBS, ViSSS!
 VIOTOBIA, B. 0. "=
" ™UB« .TRADES aSd-labor-coun:
-?5rd?."'*,..«ra' «d  third  Wedneaday,
Ubor Hall,  1424 uovorument itre.t   .1 ■«
vloeprealdent, Chrlallan Slverti,  1278 Dan
WW WB8TMMBTEB  B.
BARTENDERB' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
o( America, local 784, New WealmlnetJ'
Meet, aecond Sunday ol eaeh month at ™6
P*m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameaon  B°,"»«
 ____t BDPBBT, B. 0.
PRINCE   RUPERT  TRADES  AND  LABOB
Couneil—Meet, aecond and (ourtb Tuee-
JS2.I ?*n*Mtf' i" °HP«><*"*' Ml -President, S. D. Macdonald, secretary. J. J
Anderson, Roi 278. Prince Runert. B. 0
LOCAL UNION. NO. 872, U. "mTW. OF A —
Meata aecond and fourth Sunday of each
ffiVf.8i° .*-a-erSrm. T-i
i.„rfu'trH"di vl5«Pre.ldent, Wm. Iven;
recording aeoretary, Jaa. Bateman;  flnancla
ardsm"' "", "»■■"■•'• '  H Hie"
SYNOPSIS  Or  OOAL MraiNO  REOUiA.
TIONS. •"»»*»
~ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta the
Yukon Territory, the North-Weat Terrltir"!
anil in a portion of the Province of Britiah
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
iwonty-ono yeara renewal for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of 11 an aore
Aot moro than 2.860 acres will be leaaed to
one applicant.
Application for a leans must be made by
the applicant ln person to tbe Agent or Sub*
Agent of the district In which the right, on*
piled for are alluated. '
In aurveye-1 territory the land muat be des*
scribed by sections, or legal anb-dlvlalons of
seotlons, and ln unsurveyod territory the
tract applied for ahall be ataked out by the
applicant himsolf.
Eaoh application must be accompanied by ,
a fee of i5 which will be refunded If tht ''
rlghte applied for are not availably, but not '
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on the I
merchantable output of tbo mine at the rate
of live centa por ton.
The porson operating tbo mine shsll fur- -
nlsh the Agent with sworn returns accounting I
for tbo full quantity of merchantable coal T
mined and pay tho royalty thereon. If the
coal mining rights aro not helng operated *j
such returns Bhould he furnished at least I
once a yoar. j
The leaso will Include tho coal mining]
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46 I
Ooorge V. assonted to 12th Juno, 1914.        J
For lull Information application should be I
mndo to tho Secretary of the Department bf I
the Interior, Ottawa, nr to any Agont or Sub* f
Agont of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy  Minister nf  thu  Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of '.his ad-1
vertlsoment will not be paid for.—r*676.
To membera of any union in Canada a
apodal rate for The Federationist of fl
par year—if ft club of 10 or more la sent OniOIAL   PAPEB   VANCOUVER
ADS  LABOB   COUNCIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 32
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MORNING/AUGUST 10, 1917
I 01
Are your teeth organized?
r\0 they co-operate? Do they work together? Remember—per-
a—t feet organization among them ia essential for proper results,
as every individual tooth has a work to perform. Unless they
are organized and every tooth is doing its required work, proper
work will not be done by them.
Every defeotive tooth is a break in the link of perfect organization. ' , .
Organiie your teeth. Have them put In snch condition that they
work together. Let me examine them and advise you as any weak
points which may exist.
Phone Bey. 3331
'Examinations
made hy phono
'   appointment
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge -Specialist
003 Hastings Streot West, Cor. Seymour
The Place To Clothe Your Boy
SUITS—Tweeds, Serges and Worsteds to lit boys and youths, 3 to 18
years; made Norfolk, Sports, Pinchback and other styles; good wearing qualities; all prices.
ODD PANTS—Corduroy, Tweed, Serge, Velveteen, White Drill and
Serge, in 17 sizes, from 2 yearB up.
HATS AND OAFS—Up-to-date in mnny styles.
UNDEEWEAR—Shirts, Shirtwaists, Sweaters, Stockings, Overalls,
Night Shirts, Pyjamas, ete.
OOTTON SUITS and Straw and Cotton Hats.
AU ON SALE NOW
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
lW.Sey.70S
MEN'S AND BOYS' OLOTHING
309 to SU Hastings Street Wost
AERONUI CO.
Phone Say. 8207.
AERONUI
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that every union man
should have. Simplicity, efficiency and
economy combined with a money saver
are the principal features of
AERONUI
670 Richards Street
VANCOUVEB, B, O.
All Day Cruise Among the Beautiful
Mountains of Howe Sound
Three steamers leave the Union dock daily at 9.15 a.m. Sunday at
10.30 a.m. calling at Bowen Island, Britannia Mines, Squamish and way
points at 7. 30 p.m.
MEALS ON BOABD
A steamer will leave the Union dock on Saturdays at 2 p.m. for
Bowen Island direct, and leave Bowen Island at 0.30 a.m. Monday.
With our splendid hotel Bervice, this makes a delightful weekend.
SUNDAY SPECIAL 31.00 BOUND TRIP, ALL POINTS
Terminal Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.
Phone Seymour 03304331
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Firs Iniuranoe, Accident Insurance, Estates
Managed,
MONEY TO LOAN
327 Seymour It
Plume Seymour 163
The Sign USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard        Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY. LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut   ~
Kitchen, furnace, and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Sty oui Pea Ooal for year underfeed furnace)
... JUMik
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Phone
Seunour
Phone
Seqmour
aio
our. woo
$1.50 PER YEAR
TERRIBLE HR
OCCURS IN N.B.
I
Many Miners Killed but All
Owners Come Through
Without a Scratch
Persecution of Plumbers on
Strike Still Goes on
Right Merrily
ST. JOHN, N. B., Aug; 1.—(Special
to Tho. Federatlonist.)—One of the
worst mine nccidents to occur in this
jiart of tbe country occurred at 7.30 on
Wednesday morning, at New Watorford
when an explosion caused by a mis-
shut killed 08 men, and injured several
others. Officials of the Dominion Coal
compuny have not yet stated on whom
tbe responsibility of the tragedy Bhould
be placed. Two hundred and siity men
were working in the pit, when the explosion took plnco ana many of these
men were driven temporarily insane,
caused by the shock of the explosion,
which like a thunderbolt rent the
bowels of the earth, and which was
followed by gas fumes.
The explosion occurred between No.
0 and No. 7 landings about 2100 feet
down the slope. Down in the mine
shaft several bodies were recovered terribly mutilated. In some eases the
heads and legs were blown off, and
others were mutilated in various ways.
Summary of Disaster.
Scene of disaster. No. 12 colliery,
New Wnterford, O. B.—Probable cause
of disaster, a mis-shot or, explosion of
gas; number of lives lost, 88; number
of men in mine at time, 260; number
of bodies located, 68; number of Cape
Breton men killed, 30; number of foreigners killed, 16; number of Newfoundlanders killed, 22; colliery owned by
the Dominion Coal company; mine is
ono of the largest producers in Cape
Breton; no fire in mine at time of disaster; two men died after being brought
to the surface; of the Cape Bretoners,
twelve are married and eighteen single.
Labor Enlistments ln tho Eaet.
According to the sixth annual report
of trade organizations in Canada issued by the department of labor, the
Maritime Provinces have contributed
from the ranks of organized labor over
2082 men. Considering the fact that
the labor in this section of the.country
is not unionized as it is in either sec-,
tions of the Dominion, the figures evidence with no uncertainty the fact that
tho union labor in New Brunswick,
Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island
is woll represented at the front.
Persecution Still Continues.
The "persecutions" of two of the
striking plumbers still continues in this
city. In tho police court at the preliminary hearing of Everett Carland
and John O'Brien, the counsel for the
plumbers asked the father of the deceased boy, who it was that got him
to make out the information. The father
replied that ho declined to answer. An-
othor feature showing the manner in
whioh tho case is being carried on was
the'fact that the informntion was made
out against a man who did not have
one word with tho deceased boy. In
this respect, tho father, Bobert Harris,
admitted thut ho did make 'a mistake in
charging .the wrong man.
May Put Candidate ln Field.
It is current in labor circles that a
nomination will bo made for the next
federal elections from the 'ranks of
union labor in this city. Although at
the last meeting of the Trades and
Labor council nothing definite was do-
cicd upon. The matter was taken
up und laid over for further consideration.
An official "call" for a
spocial convontion of thc B.
C. Federation of Labor will
be issued by Sec. Wells on
Monday, to take place in
Vancouver on Labor Day.
Evory union should bc ready
to give it immediate attention. It is more than important,   lt is imperative.
PEED. KNOWLES
Seoretary-treasurer and atatifttlclan of Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, a dele*
sate from'the Letter Carriers' Association,
who haa Just been elected by referendum
vote of* the western provinces as one of
the three delegates to the Ottawa convention of tbe Tradea and Labor Congress of
Canada next month, national President
Beaupre ef Montreal has bsen elected to
represent the eastern provinces, while Sec-
treas. McMordie of Toronto will so as the
delegate from Ontario, leaving the provinces of Manitoba. Saskatchewan, Alberta
tnd British Columbia to Del.-elect Knowles.
ATTENDANCE BOLL AT LAST
MEETING* OF LABOB OOUNOIL
Official Beport « Compiled for The
Federationlit by Statistician
Fred. Knowles.
I. L. Ai Auxiliary*—W. Gillespie, W.
Steen, E. Winch, A. Sollis, W. H. Gates.
BricklayorB—W. Pipes.
Barbers—No delegate.
Bartenders—O. S. Weir.
Bookbinders—No delegates.
Brewery Workers—G. Gilbert, J.
Pike.
Boilermakers—V. J. Young, McAu-
ineh.
Structural Ironworkers—B. Massecar.
Cigar Makers—A. P. Tietzen, C. F.
8 warts.
Civic Employees—V. B. Midgley, G.
W. McFarlane, G. Harrison.
Cooks and Waiters—A Graham.
Brotherhood of Carpenters—G. Thom,
G. H. Hardy, A. McDonald, W. Thomas,
J. B. Campbell.
Amalgamated Carpenters—B. W.
Jackson.
Deep Sea Fishermen—B. Kearley.
Electrical Workera—H. Woodside, E.
H. Morrison.
Firemen—A. MoElree, E. W. Bar-
nett, B. McCormack, A. W. Betts, A.
Hull, G. J, Bichardson.
Garment Workers—B. P. Bennett.
Hodcarriers—
Letter Carriers—F. Knowles, J.
Dodd, N. Barlow, B. Wight.
Longshoremen—J. Kavanagh, G.
Thomas, P. Sinclair, A. Tree, G. Kelly.
Lathers—No delegate.
Machinists—J. H. McVety, F. Ed-
ney, H. Fleming, G. Lyle, A. B. Towler,
J. Brooks.
Moving Picture Operators.
Molders—A. H. Donaldson, W. j.
Donaldson.
Pressmen—No delegate.
Plumbers—G. Eoso, G. Cowling, F.
Welsh.      x
Pattern Makers—H   Brown.
Painters—No delegate.
Press Assistants—No delegato.
Piledrivers—E. Stewart, W. Henderson, W. Ironsides.
Plnstorers—No delegates.
Betail Clerks—No delegates.
Bailway Mail Clerks—J. A. McLeod.
Street Bailway Employees—E. G.
Kermode, F. Haigh A. Lofting, J. Hub*
ble, W. H. Cottrell, B. E. Bigby.
Sheet Metal Workers—A. J. Crawford.
Sailors—P. Peel, W. S. Burns.
Shoe Workers—No dolegnte.
Stage Employees—A. N. Harrington.
Shipyard Laborers—No delegates.
Steam Engineers—D. Hodges, T. P.
O'Neil, W. A. Alexander,.B. Bnrr.
Shipwrights—J. Bromfield, A. W.
Osterburg.
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—A.
W. Cochrane.
Tailors—H. Gutteridge.
Typos—W. B. Trottor, H. C. Bonson,
G. Bartley.
Tllelayers—No delegates.
Telegraphers—No dolegates.
Teamsters—J. Poole, G. Potrie, Kerr.
Also Fred Grilbe, A Collidgo.
Total—86.
SOCIALIST GROUP OF
Words of Hope and Cheer to
the Revolutionists
Words of -Prophetic Doom
to Capitalist Rulers
of All Lands
Announcement
THE
Orpheum
CAFE
has enlarged its dining room
capacity to 135. We are
now operating the Castle
Hotel dining room in conjunction with the Orpheum
Cafe, known as Vancouver's
specialty cafe. Union cooks
of the first-class; day and
night.
UNION HOUSE
762 OranviUe Street
SHIPYARD   LABORERS'    TO
PAVE WAT FOR 46-OENT RATE
Local   16616,   Witb   Co-operation   of
Metal Trades Council, WIU
Make It Unanimous.
A special meeting was held on August 1, at which Biuuness Agent Hardy
reported that the Metal Trados Coun-
col, at a meeting the night before,
recommended that a delegation of business agents of other crafts, together
with the business agent of the Shipyard Laborers' union, visit tho Wallace Shipyard Co., and tho Lyall Co.,
to negotiate on behalf of that 'union
and try to fix the minimum of 45 cents
per hour, and to report back to the
Metal Trades Council at next meeting.
The business agent also reported that
Mr. Davey, on behalf of toe Wallace
Shipbuilding Co., offered 40 cents per
hours, dating from July 16.
Itl was resolved that Mr. Davey ^ offer be refused and the business agent
waa instructed to go ahead negotiating
on the 46-cent basis.
During the week a communication
was received from the secretary of the
Federal Labor Union, Victoria, asking
that the demands for a minimum rate
of 46 cents be made universal in Vancouver and Victoria, and that the de*
mantis be mado at tne samo time.
It Ib the object of the Vancouvor
local to establish, as soon as possible,
this rate and to co-operate with other
locals in tbo vicinity to that end.
Socialists of Japan, in resolutions
adopted in Tokyo, bail the Russian
revolution aB the beginning of a series
of revolutions which will end in the
downfall of capitalism. According to
letters received here, says the Milwaukee Leader, the resolutions are as follows:
'' We recognize that the Russian revolution means in one respect a revolu-
tjon of the newly rising bourgeois class
against the mediaeval absolutism and
at the same time a social revolution of
thu Heinim Knikiu (proletariat)
against the modern capitalism. Therefore, make the progress of Russian
revolution advance further towards the
goal of Socialist revolution is not only
a responsibility of Russian Socialists.
but also really that of international.
Socialists.
Capitalism Near End.
"The capitalist system of every civilized country has reached now its last
stage of evolution, the period of full
matured capitalistic imperialism. At
this time socialists of all the countries,
without being misguided or disturbed by "
a psychology of capitalistic imperialism,
standing .firmly on the principle of internationalism, ought to consecrate
the fighting forces of the proletariat
of each nation that are today abused
and squandered by the ruling classes
and direct them against the common
enemy of their own; because to do so
is to complete the historic mission of
the international proletariat.
Urges Fight on Masters.
"At the present opportunity, therefore, it should endeavor to realize the
declaration of immediate cession of
the present war and at the same time
the proletariat of the belligerent countries should turn the guns that are
aimed at the selfsame proletariat in
enemy countries at once on the ruling
classes of their own respective conn-
try. This is the responsibility of Russian Socialists as well as that of international Socialists.
"We trust and depend on the persevering courage and heroic fighting of
the Russian Socialist party and com*
rades of the world. We hope sincerely
for the steadv penetration of revolutionary spirit!"
LETTER CARRIERS' HOLD
SNAPPY BUSINESS SESSION
Assist   St.   John   Plumpers—Endorse
Central Labor Body's Action—
Plan Moonlight Excursion.
The regular monthly meeting of the
local Letter Carriers' organization held
in Labor Temple August 3, was a larger
and more enthusiastic gathering than
usual.
Bro. Buck reported on the finances
of tho recently-held annual picnic, and
the committee was tendered a vote of
thanks.
Bro. Carl reported on the activities
of tho Postal Employees' War Fund,
Dels. Wight and Knowles reported
on the activities of the Trades and Labor Council.
A communication was received from
the St. Johns, N. B., Trades and Labor
Council defence committee, asking for
assistance in aid of the Plumbers', on
trial tor arson ut St. John. The sec
retary was instructed to seud $5.
Tho branch endorsed tho TradeB and
Labor Council's stund re the Patriotic
Fund, and a telegram was sent to the
Great War Veteran's convention at
Victoria notifying them of same.
A proposal to run a "moonlight excursion" was non-concurred in.
Several routine matters were disposed of before adjournment.
It is quite refreshing to see some
signs of life among the boys, and the
members will help their executive officers u whole lot if they will prove it
is no "flash in the pan."
Noxt meeting, September 7. All be
there. F. K.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite later Teapla
VANCOUVBB, B. O.
Headiioarter. for Labor men.    Bate.
76o tnd $1.0, p.r da,.
,2.60 per week and ap.
Oaf. al 1 "-	
SHUN THB SON BT TELEPHONE
The telephone i-tande for comfort
the whole year through, bat never ie
the pieMimi of turning to it greater
then In the hot days ot lummer.
Shopping, vieitlng or bnsineei need
nover be poitponed—the telephone
wilt do It for you.
Forget the heat I Uie the tele*
phone
BRITISH  COLOMBIA TELEPHONE
COMPANY, LIMITED
Will lome kind mini please tell ui
what Europe ever did for this western
continent that justifies the sacrifice of
•ven one lifo upon the altar of the vulgar ambitions of either her brutal military ruffians of the autocratic type, or
her equally vulgar and contemptible
scalawags of tho capitalist brand of
bargain hunters and nnanclal jugglers!
Sou-Van Milk
■hould be ln the home of
UNION
nun.
IB IT IN TOUBS?
rtii. MU
in this
uniform
There's a reason why these 3,000,000 wear Carhartt*s
—Wear them and you too will know!
©attormg
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope tot*—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or Overcoat.
$18.00 to $40.00
THOMAS & McBAIN
665 ORANVILLE STREET
Sole Agents for Vancouver
FALL CAPS
Our new FALL CAPS are now being shown. Wc have one
of the largest assortments on the coast. Caps are very essential things these days, and you will flnd a good selection of
patterns and shapes to choose from, if you como in and see us
first. A full line of Jockey Caps for boys, also the new green
caps that arc now in vogue.   Come in and try onc on.
CALHOUN & OSTROSSER
TBE EXCLUSIVE HATTERS
61 Hastings Street Eut
WINNIPEG VANCOUVEB OALOABT
NATIONAL  SERVICE
Preserve or Perish
"Preserving Fruit and Vegetables Will
Help to Win the War"
THE
GAS
RANGE
will do the work economically and give the
best results
Our demonstrator will be glad to show you.
Vwncoufflwatw
Carrall ud Hastings
1138 Granville Street
Pkone Sey
5000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY. August 10, 1917
UwucJy Ouovoru
oouf>!
Visit the Beauty Spots
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS .....     "       "   35c
EAGLE HARBOR -    "       "  40c
LARSON'S RANCH ......    "       "   50c
WHYTECLIFF for
HORSESHOE BAY  ......    "       "  50c
Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.  For further
particulars phone Sey. 9547.
Passenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
TBADES UNIONISTS-IS THB MILK SUPPLIED TO TOUB HOME
DELIVERED BT UNION LABOB?
If lt Is not call op tba
BeaconsfieldHygienicDairy
PHONE FAIBMONT 1697
or drop a oard to our offloo, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOB EXCLUSIVELY
WS GUARANTEE TO GIVE TOU SATISFAOTION-OIVE US A CALL
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BEID, Proprietor
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND ENGINEERS
Manufacturers of
STRUCTURAL and ORNAMENTAL
IRONWORK
Offlce and Worka: Tentt Street        NBW WESTMTNSTEB, B. 0.
BLBOTBIO nZTTBES 41 OOST
PBIOES
Sea as aad ears monij.
Tbe Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
170 Bichards Stntt
KINO OF BIOVOLES
They are tho finest bit of workman*
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iiuhIiOh In variety of colore.
Prices from 142.60 to 166.00, on
easy payments if desired.
HASKINS t ELLIOTT
"The I'ionoer Bicycle Store "
610 jgwe St. 418 Haatlaia St W.
A   EL DORO
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Using only
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^
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D. J. ELMER
Sales Manager for B. C.            m
and Yukon                    m
3118 Albert* 8t„ Vancouver, B. O.     9     Bf
_____        MAJESTIC                      CONCHAS       <B   B
WW     2 for 25c         3 for 25c     M
^V                  actual sizes                 mm
Insists on Putting Things Bight.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Aa I perceive a little change iu the tone of
your remarks regarding we puytriots tu
whom the Good Book undoubtedly refers when it mentions "the salt of the
earth," I venture again to endeavor
to correct aome of your ideus with regard to our cIubs.
I'm an aristocrat. As far as I can
ascrtahi, my anceBtory dates clean
back to Adam. I have a strong contempt for labor, and do not possess
much in the way of bruins. With these
qualifications who could be better able
to present our views upon the plebeian
rabble?
I am also a conscriptionist, over the
ago of fifty. I consider it a great lack
of foresight that we did not liavb* conscription long ago. If wo had conscription do you think tbat those " cruel1'
and "avaricious" iiremon of Vancouver would have dared, like Oliver
Twist, to ask for "more soup" when
they could not ev-en point tu a single
case of actual starvation? No sir, we
could have squelched them in a jiffy!
Tho working stiffs are also beginning
to kick, ulli over, if thegruel is a little
off color; in fact, they want to cat
liko mayors, iildermcn, or any uf the
rest of us that Uud.lias placed in authority over them. We must curb their
"avaricious," "cruel" und gluttonous
tendencies, and how can we do it with
out conscription?
In days of yore, and history sometimes repeats itself, those working critters sometimes got the upper hand aud
amused themselves, by cutting out the
tongues of the pettifoggers. We aristocrats look upon lawyers as a kind of
liee which our system necessarily
breeds; we don't love them, but'we
need those lying tongues of theirs to
fool the dubs and the good Lord help
us if thoy lost them. We never could
trust them with tho pen again after
the way one noble knight of the guild
laid bare his secret soul in that working mun's friend, "The Province."
We must have conscription if we are
to continue the divine order of things;
to maintain aristocrats and tramps,
millionaires and paupers, preachers and
prostitutes, real estate mea and burglars, lawyers and hold-up men,
churches, jails and bawdy houses, to
keepjho working class in tho place we
are assured that heaven intended them
to be, or else some brains would have
been put into them.
We must light up tho genuine old
hell of fire and brimstone again; we
made a mistake letting it cool off of
late years. It used to throw a scare
into them, und may work again all
right. We must conjure up a simon-
pure old devil again, with all the paraphernalia necessary to prod the dubs
into the fold. We might also with advantage borrow from the Koran, a few
attractions with which to further embellish our golden heaven, such as some
"King George," Bull Durham and
"fags," as a reward to souls ascending from a field of gore.
Blood and glory I Murder and liberty I Patriotism and proflti Wealth
and poverty, anguish of tho widow and
orphans, freedom und conscription! We
must have war or tbe whole plan of
the universe will be overthrown. To
hell with those who talk of peuce,
PAYTHIOT,
SELF-EXPLANATORY
CORRESPONDENCE
I  ~ I
U. S. Department of Labpr Asks Trade
Union Officials to Become
"Stool Pigeons."
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Office of tho Secretary
Washington, D.C, July 31, 3917.
Mr. J. Kavanagh,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:.I u'm taking tho liborty of
inclosing herewith u circular for your
perusal, which is self-explanatory, and
in so doing would request that any information you may be able to obtain
relative to the mattor contained therein be forwarded to the department of
labor, 4115, Washington, 1^ C. Your
co-operation in this matter will bo very
much appreciated. If so desired, the
name or names of thoso giving information will be treated as absolutely confidential.   Respectfully yours,
W. B. WILSON,
Secretary.
Tbe Circular.
"It is the desire of the U. % department of labor to be helpfal iu promoting the public safety during, the
war. It'is our belief that the great
mass of enemy aliens resident in the
United States will bo loyal to it, or in
any event passive. All such should be
treated with the utmost consideration,
courtesy, and respect. They are passing through a. vory trying ordeal. There
will undoubtedly bo some under the
pay of the Imperial Gorman Government or inspired by other motives who
will seek to injure the United States,
its citizens, or thoir property. Wo feel
that thc officers aud members of trade
unions cun be of grout assistance in
promoting a friendly sontimont towards
those ulions who are loyal to the United
Stntes and at tho samo time keep tbe
govornment advised of those who are
AROUE!
del
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eon tobacco.
Hotel Canada
618 Blcharda Street
VANCOUVER
(Near Labor Templt)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
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GEO. B. HOWARD—At the Empress Theatre With the Empress Stock Company
seeking to injure it. You probably
are, because of your coming in contact
with them at work and elsewhere, picking up here and there little bits of information relative to alien enemy activities, which, when woven together
with similar information gathered from
other points, may be of great value to
tho United States. It is therefore requested that anything heard or seen by
you which in any way affects the safety
of the United States shall be reported
to the Department of Labor, 4115,
Washington, D. C. To insure prompt
delivery of the report, unopened, it is
important that the number 4115 bo
placed upon the envelope with the address."
.   Kavanagh's Reply.
W. B. Wilson,
Secretary of Labor,
Washington, D. C.
Sir: Your communication of July 31,
4115, with circular letter enclosed, received and contents carefully noted.
It is undoubtedly through association
with some officers of organised labor
that you have conceived the idea that
some, if not all, officers and members
of labor unions might act in the capacity you suggest.
To me your .communication comes as
an insult. I realize the need of protection against our enemies, both alien
and native. Our enemies, however, are
not all the same.
It is true the ruling class* of Central
Europo is an enemy of mine as it is
of all workers, but so is the ruling
class of this North American continent
—an enemy just as ruthless and bur-
barous in its treatment of the American working class as is the Germanic
rulers towards those whom they rule
and rob.
If you doubt mo look up the records
of Cripple Creek, Ludlow, Calumet,
Patterson, NJ., Bayonue, N.J., and a
host of other places which have been
the scenes of outrages perpetrated upon
the toilers of this continent. Recall
tho assassination of Frank Little but a
few days ago, and then ask yourself,
"Whero is the enemy of the American
working cIsbs?"
I fear you have nuu]e a mistake. No
man of the working class, who is a man,
could sink to such governmental depths
as to act in the manner you suggest.
That position is fit only for that species
which functions ns Thiol thugs, nnd
Pinkerton stool pigeons, a species so
despicable that aa organism lower it
the scale of organic development is in
conceivable.
J. KAVANAGH.
Vancouver, B. C, Aug. 8, 1917,
It is stated tbat 14,000 bank clerks
are serving with the German armies at
the front. The numbor of bankers is
not stated, but after considerable
study of their characteristics and
habits it is but fair to say that they,
as a rule, have better sense than to
engage in such dangerous work.
One of the Baddest features in connection with tho terriblo hent wave
that has afflicted tbe east recently, is
the enforced shutting down of tho cartridge factory at Lowell, Mass., for
several days in consequence of it. Still
no one has yet accused the ruler of
the universe of pro-Germanism of I.
W. W. affiliations.
Just to show how necessary conscription Is in the United States in order to
provide food for the murderous cannon
of Europe, it may be well to note that
volunteers for the regular ariny continue to come through at a rate that
is equivalent to about 750,000 per
year. Enlistments for July 28 were
2,631.
According to press dispatches "more
than 4100,000,000 haB been spent in
Chicago recently for food, clothing and
equipment for the new national army."
And yet there are pacifists and other
equally Billy soula who are so infernally
stupid aa to fancy -that "food, clothing and equipment" could be better
used for the sustenance of those engaged in peaceful, life-giving and civilizing pursuits, than to be diverted to
the savagery and brutality of wholesale murder and devastation., Poor
Billy souIb! Forgive them, tor they
know no better.
The recent strike at Chicago of 2,500
switchmen afflliated with the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmmen, was
broken by the United States government threat to take over the roads affected and "enlist the strikers forcibly
under the conscription act and put
them to woVk as private soldiers on
tbe roads." The real moaning of
government itself, .as well as tho hidden virtuo of Wilson's "selective service" monstrosity, is thus being most
effectively diacloaed by governmental
acts and agencies themselves, and not
by the mouthings and agitation of
wicked I.W.W.'s and sinful socialists.
In his instructions to "Membera of
Local Boards," those precious "tribunals" that are to decido all applications for exemption from the draft in
the United Statos, Provost Marshal
General Crowder says: "From overy-
one is demanded a sacrifice. But there
is one thought to bo kept in mind:
THE SELECTED MAN OFFERS HIS
LIFE." From every one grabbed by
the press-gang method of "selective
draft" a sacrifice is not only demanded but seized by the government. Tho
"selected" one has nothing to aay
about it. He never had anything to
say about tho inauguration of the
beastly buaineas, in the first placo. It
ia only his to obey, and suffer and die,
not for anything thnt he may consider worthy to fight and dio
for, but meroly because he has been
Beized and thrown to the sacrifice by
the brute force of an assumed authority beyond hia control. And in being
so seized and sacrificed the doughty
genoral says, "the selected man offers
his life." In other words the man
that is seized by brute force and
thrown to the mad dogs of war, "offers his life." The General is a great
joke, the General is, though ho is so
abaolutely devoid of humor himself
that he does not know how intensely
humorous he is.
There is a strike on at the International Smelting Company plant at
Toole, Utah. Ab uBual a regiment of
soldiers have been called to serve at
that point, in order to protect 'the
property of the company, nnd incidentally do whatever may be nocessary to
break the Btrike. Ono of the strikers
is allegod to havo made some remark
nbout being able to tako a guu away
from the captain in command of the
troops. The gallant captain "ordered
the striking workor arrosted, and placarded his back and breast with the
inscriptions, "I am sorry," and "I
will never again insult a uniform,"
or similar words. Tin cans were tied
to the offender and two soldiers, with
llxed bayonets, marched him through
the streets, keeping the cans jingling
with the points of their, bayonets. In
this able and convincing manner ib tho
honor and dignity of tlio army upheld
and due und propor reverence aud ro-
spect for that delectable institution
gently but effectively impressed upon
tho dull mentality of ribald scoffers
and other ill-behaved and vulgar specimens of the unwashed ununiformed, uu-
drilled and uncultured mob, All hail
the dny when this delightful Prussian
"kultur" shall be established throughout the earth and the gallant and intrepid soldier bo universally acclaimed
as the ultimate expression "of all that
is noble and worthy of emulation in
human conduct.
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There is no.other beverage that will refresh and revive like a glass of delicious CASCADE BEER.
Cascade is brewed by union workmen, in the most
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CASCADE is for sale on draught or bottled at all
hotels and liquor stores. Brewed and bottled at the
Brewery. -
Vancouver Breweries Limited
VICTORIA, B.C.: 018 View Struct,   rione, 12(10.   Grceniiousiw und Nursery, Eacjiiinmlt Komi.   Phone 211).
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Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
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Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
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Main Storo nnd Registered Offloe:  VANCOUVER, B. C.
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A propor education is the ilrst essential to his
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money necessary to puy for. his education does
not worry you, because you nro prosperous now
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Give your boy tbe right start In lift! . Consult with a Confederation Life agent today!
CONFEDERATION
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VANCOUVER, B.C.
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There can be but one best
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Telephone Seymour 2482 FRIDAY...
..August 10, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
Underwear for Men
for Fall Wear
AT  HALF TODAY'S VALUE
An opportunity unusual to supply
your underwear wants for fall and
winter-wear at half today's value. A
special purchase line from one of Canada's leading underwear manufacturers. Made of the finest Belgian yarn,
in a natural shade, pure wool quality
with a thread of silk running through
to give added softness and service.
Conies in shirts, drawers and combinations—a perfect fitting underwear that
is a wonderful value at this pticeing.
Today's value, per garment—
Begular $4.50 for	
92.40
Todays valu-c, combinations—
Begular $9.00 for $4.9
. U OiifBudsonsBaijCompani). m
Granville and Georgia Streets
Our Half-Price Sale of Men's Straw Hats
and Ladies' Panamas—goes with a swing.
Our determination not to carry over ft
■ingle one Into the summer of 1018 Is
making good.
The fashions change bo littlo ln these
lines, It will more than pay yoa to buy
at these prices and carry them over yourselves.
MEN'S    STRAW   HATS,  HAU-PBIOE
LADIES'  «B.OO PANAMAS $2.50
NOTE—The advanced atylea in Hen's Autumn Felt Hats have arrived.   Tou
ought to aee them. .-,
RICHARDSON &JPOTTS, Ltd.
EXCLUSIVE HAITEBS
■417 OBANVILLE STBEET
NEAR HASTINOS
PROHIBITION
IN ANY EVENT
OFFICIAL STATEMENT
FROM THE "WETS"
10 SUB. CARDS $10, PAY FOR WHEN SOLD
Backed by our
"money back"
guarantee
You get extra value
in every package
-when tou Bmr-
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Do not buy an eastern, or imported car,
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safest, most comfortable, and most reliable
care ever aeon in thia province.
Made in our own local factory, undor the
direct supervision ot MR. SHAW; designed
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convenient; moat moderate In cost. Illun-
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Kent free on request.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(O.  S. SHAW A GO.)
904 EOBSON   —   Opp. Court House
Say Prohibition Agent and Prohibition Executive Have Deliberately Planned Present
Scheme.
Tho first official statoment since tho
appointment of the Parliamentary commission, waa issued from Anti-Prohibition Headquartera at noon yeaterday
following a meeting of the Executive
Council of the Merchants' Protective
Association, at which their counsel was
instructed to reply to tho Prohibition
announcement in'the daily press that
a Prohibition Bill would bo introduced
at the adjourned sitting ,of Parliament,
At this meeting spirited and caustic
comment waa made by tho chairman
with reference to what was described
as an indecent and cowardly attempt
of Mr. Bayley.to influence public opinion when the charges of irregularities
were still sub judice, and particularly
when Mr. Bnyley had in honor bound
himsolf with the Commissioners not to
discusB or comment until their, report
had been officially made.
On this account, Counsel    for    tbte
wets" stated that it was with some
reluctance that he felt compelled o discuss the issue, but in the welfare of
his association, Prohibition claims, having no foundation in fact, ahould not
be allowed to go uncontradicted. He
further went on to say:
"The present procedure as to policy
and publicity adopted by the Prohibition committee has beon deliberately
planned with tho object of obtaining
a Prohibition enactment in British Columbia by hook or crook, fair means
or foul, and such was never more evident than at the present time.
"The British system of constitutional and representative government in
vogue in B. C. is presumed to deal fairly with all sections and classes and
therefore provide even-handed justice
and equity for all. Absolute good faith,
between tho Legislator and the citizen is essential to the proper working
of the Stato. This principle is peculiarly interpreted, however, by a section of Prohibition agitators, who in
furtherance of a sectional propaganda
would meto the 'Justice of Tiberius.'
"Prohibition is not and never has
boen a plank in the platform of the
present Liberal government, therefore
there is no mandate from the people
on thiB issue. On the other hand, the
Liberal party was elected to office on
the ' Principle of tne Referendum,'
which means that Prohibition was a
matter for the pooplo to decide and
not tho legislature. In fact, this was
tho argument usod by tho Prohibition
party at tho time h referendum was
demanded from the late Government;
it was strenuously put forward after
the Liberal leader, Promier Brewster,
and the Liberal party had'replied to
tho official Prohibition communication,
thnt if tho Liberal party were elected
to power, a referendum on tho subject
of prohibition would bc submitted, in
other words, tho people would decide
the question, not the Legislature. In
fact, it was this nlmost unanswerable
argument that the people should decide thc issue, which compelled the late
Governmont to grant a referendum.
"Since tho result was apprehended
or known, the People's Prohibition executive, strange as it may seem, abandoned the argument that tho poople
should decide, invaded the capital and
demanded tho enactment of a war
masuro of Prohibition despite the ver
diet of the pooplo.
"It must be rchiembored that although the Prohibition delegation made
general charges of irregularities, they
did not nsk for an investigation, but,
418 stated before, demanded immediate
enactmont of Prohibition.
Vancouver
Exhibition
August 20 to 25,1917
Great Woriham Shows
Seen for First Time in the West
Horse Races Every Day
Prizes for All Kinds of Work
ENTRIES CLOSE AUGUST 12
OFFICE: 21^ LOO BLDG.
H. S. ROLSTON, Manager
LATE SIB BICHARD McBBIDE
The members of organised labor throughout
tho provinoe mar not have agreed with
the policies of the late Sir Richard McBride, but they appreciate that, as a native
son, he wan at least the popular idol ot
the electorate for a number of years in
this provinco. He was a genuine "mixer,"
suavo, canny and polished and possessed
the happy faculty of making the members
of any delegation ' 'seem happy,'' even
though they were unable to report the result to those who paid for the delegation.
However one disagreed with "Dick;' McBride politically, personally he was worth
while, a born "harmonhi-r" and a successful leader of men. The Federatlonist
joins whh thousands of his admirers In
extending heartfelt sympathy to his bereaved family.
An official "call" for a
special convention of the B,
C. Federation of Labor will
bc issued by Sec. Wells on
Monday, to take place in
Vancouver* on Labor Day.
Every union should be ready
to give it immediate attention. It is more than important.   It is imperative.
In regard to the charges made, the
Anti-Prohibtion force* asked that no
action be taken in any event until an
independent, no-political tribunal, judicial in character, had thoroughly investigated the subject, It came as a surprise to tho interested citizens of the
Province when tho Government announced a compromise with the Prohibition party by the appointment of a
tribunal from its own ranks. This surprise was somewhat intensified when
the Prohibitionists cooly announced
that Prohibition was now assurd, because tho throe members of the tribunal were all Prohibitionists, and
further, that they had teceived the assurance of tho Premier and Hon. Mr.
Oliver that no inatter what the report
of tho commission might be, Prohibition would be introduced.
The present programme of the Prohibition party is woll worth noting. Although the Prohibition commissioners
havo not yet returned, nor has nny report been received from thom, Mr.
Bnyloy and other associates are already
discussing the evidence presented, the
report to be mndo and action taken.
The Prohibition organ, th Daily World,
in ita editorial and news columns, has
already begun to intimidate and
threaten tho govornment. The Prohibition party cannot nnd will not wait
for a decision on this matter (quasi
judicial), but, fearing the result, are
attempting to prejudice and color popular opinion in thoir favor.
The Prohibition executive will not
accept any report that is uot in their
favor and desire a Prohibition Bill
whether the vote of tho pooplo was
with them or against them. This last
statement has never beefi denied by
Prohibition officials and nevor will bo,
because they are afraid to deal fairly
and squaroly with the issue. ***
THE USUAL METHODS OF
RULING   OLASS   JUSTICE
(Continued from Page One.)
fullest confidence in the innocence of
tho men held, has done everything pos-
sibl to assist in thoir defence, which
has cost considerable money nnd has depleted our treasury, and wo will be compelled to undergo a larger expense yet
before they and tho labor movement
can bo cleared of the charges levelled
against us. We need tho active support of all workers throughout the Dp-
minion, to raise their voices in protest
against the persecution of men whose
only desire wus to mako better conditions of life possible.
Wo thereforo earnestly appeal to you
to immediately give this matter your
serious consideration by donating ail
you possibly can to nid us in dofence of
these mon, and insure thnt they secure
a fair and impartial trial which is impossible unless we are in a position to
scure thc best legal talent possible,
With the evidence wo now havo, wo aro
conscious of the fact that every attempt will bo made to fasten all the
blame on the men involved in tho
strike, and to send to the penitentiary
innocent men in order to complete their
design to discredit and destroy tho efficiency of the organized labor movoment.
Wc, the committee, elected by the
Trades and Labor council of St, John,
and representatives of various locals,
commend this matter to you nnd believe
its seriousness will nppeal to all, and
urge a liberal and ready response.
Endorsed by the St. John Trades nnd
Labor Council.
EDW. McGINMS, President.
J. L. SUGRUE, Secrotary.
St. John Trades and Labor Council Defence Committee;
J, L. Sugrue, president N. B. Federation of Labor, chairman of committee;
Ed iv. McGlnnis, president of St. John
Trades and Labor Council, secretnry of
committee; C. Gust. Langbein, seeretary-trensurer local 273, I. L. A., sec-
treas. of committoet W. H. McDonald,
president Ni B. Freight handlers; J. E.
Tigho, business ngent local 273, I. L.
A.; H. Beck, Bro, Painters. Decorators
and Paperhangers, local 704; W, W.
Williams, president United Bro. Carpenters arid Jointers, No. 000; Thos. Mooney, secretary B. M. nnd P. Int. union,
local 1; B. McLean, president Div. fif»3,
A. A. of S. and E. R, R. Employees;
F. Freestone, president local 8.1.0, I. L.
A.; Wm. Howard, Int.. P. P. & A. union,
local 30; C. H. Stevens, Cigarmakers'
Int. union, locnl 340; J, E, Lynch, sec
retary IT. A. Plumbers and Steamfltters,
local 531; A. Taylor, Socialist party.
Send all remittances to C. Gust.
Langbein, 35 Water street, St. John,
N. B.
SOUTH
WELLINGTON
MINEES TALK PAYDAY
(Continued from Page One)
and heat. Tenders are boing called for
and no doubt before many weeks have
passed, we Bhall have an efficient ambulance station, which will fill a long-
felt want. The ambulance station will
•onalft cf a garage for the motor ambulance, and a dressing station, where
an injured man will be attended to before taking the journey to the hospital,
six miles away.
Very Few Accidents.
So far, the casualty list is low, there
having been very few serious nccidents.
During the last two weeks two men
have been hurt, one, an engineer, got
his thumb tangled up in moving ma*
chinery. Another, a brakeman, got his
foot badly crushed between the drawbars of two cars in making a coupling.
Oompenutlon Board Should Help.
We have been trying to interest the
Workmen's Compensation board in our
ambulance station. We think the board
should help us, under the Medical Aid
clause of the act. We are paying the
one cent per day for medical aid, and
in addition to that, have provided a
motor ambulance, a doctor, and will
shortly have a first aid station. So it
is perfectly in order for the board to
do their share, as the medical aid clause
authorizes the board to provide doctor,
hospital, transportation, nursing, etc. It
is their move next. Bo far they have
refused to meet ub, except in an offer
to pay for use of ambulance.
Assist St. John Plumbers.
We received an appeal from the
Labor Defence league of St. John, N.
B., on behalf of the striking plumbers.
some of whose members are at present
in jail on an apparent frame-up. We
donated $50 toward their defence, as
we have somewhat of a fellow feeling
having been in the sante predicament
ourselves some time ago.
Fitzgerald Fund.
The collection on behalf of H. M.
Fitzgerald realized $6.60, which amount
has been forwarded to "Fitz."
English officials and trade circles are
now giving great consideration to questions vital to labor after the war,
Among many things proposed we note
the following: "Establishment of regular methods of negotiation with a view
to preventing differences between master and man." In the term "master
nnd man" there is, of course, nothing
in the least suggestive of slavery. How
different is would be, however, if the
term "master and slave" was used. It
is easily Been that the relationship between the master and thai thing over
which he holds mastery would be alto*
gether different.  Quite plain, isn't itf
Among the other pleasant experiences
afforded the applicant for employment
by the mining companies in a certain
copper district in the United States, is
submission to what is termed a physical
examination, under which the applicant
is stripped and "handled like a mule at
an auction sale, before being allowed
to go to work." Incidentally the data
derived from such examination subsequently becomes very convenient as an
instrument of the "black list," in case,
the examined one becomes sufficiently
obnoxious to the employing company to
justify its use in order to protect othor
companies against hiB employment. It
is about the cleverest schemo that has
yet beon devised to safeguard self-sacrificing capitalists against the dangerous machiniationB of peripatetic freemen who, in solfish pursuit of happiness, oft allow thomsolves to trespass
or attempt "to do so, upon the liberty of
their omployers to rule and rob most
gloriously and not altogether without
profit. The "hiulo at an auction sale"
is uot free, however, although he is
handled like a freeman applying for a
job.
Announcement has been made at
Victoria that the public schools of the
province will not reopen until September 4.
YOUR HEALTH DEPENDS
ON TOUR FOOD
Milk
.   b the Natural Food
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food expert,  says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in the fact that it is a complete food."
Whon you drink a gloss of
milk, costing 2-/&G, you fortify
your body with as much energy
and nutriment as you would obtain from a can •' tomatoes or a
half-pound of cucken.
Eat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ice Cream.
Bc Healthier,
Spend Less.
DAISY   PRODUCTS   PUBLICITY BUREAU
The First Trouser Shop
in Vancouver
We are offering almost as good values as in 1914.
Hundreds of pairs of the trousers that are here now were
actually made in that year, and compare in a tremendously
favorable light with today's wholesale values. Start in here
at $2.26 for men's tottonade pants in neat grey stripe; tweeds
and worsteds in a big range of pleasing stripes and mixtures
at $2.26 to $4.60. Still better qualities of fine worsted dress
trousers at $6.00 to $7.60. Navy serge trousers, $3.90 and
$6.60.
Flannel Trousers
Best for outings because they are more comfortable and you
won't be afraid of getting them out of shape. Made in first-
class style with tunneled waist and loops for belt, cuff buttons,
two hip, two side and a watoh pocket.   All sixes:
Grey ...
Cream
White Duck Trousers—price
$4.28
$4.00
..$1.76
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
Smashing
big victories are only won ob the fields of war and
peace by the efficient. Von may depend upon it that
the prises will not fall to the toothless, or those with
poor teeth. Tou need not fear the dentist's chair
when yon come to me, for my methods are modern.
I guarantee my work. Dental nurse.
Trt. Sey. 2718
Open Tuesday eat
Friday Evenings.
Doctor Grady
Suite 202 Bank of Ottawa Bldg.
602 Hastings Street W.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital ...tlSWMMMO        MM v.... 118,500,000
Pnildont*  SU JOBS AHD
Mils Olllce:   Corner Hutlngi and Oranvllle Street!, Vancouver
OITT BKANCHE8 LOCATION
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Oor. lint Innn and CommoreUl Drln
EAST END    Oor. Ponder and Mala Stmti
PAIBVIEW Oor. Si-ilk Amu and OranrllU Strut
HASTINOS md CAMBIE Cor. Haatlnfo and Cunblo Streete
KITSILANO Cor. Fonrth Annas and Tow Street
MOUNT PLEASANT. Cor. Elfhtk Annie and Main Stroot
POWELL STBEET Cor. Vlotoria DrlTa and Powell Stmt
SOOTH HILL Cor. Portfelghth and Fraier Ara.
Alio North Vaneonver Branch, Coiner Lonsdale Avenne and Esplanade
ORPHEUM
ALL NEXT WEEK
RETURN ENGAGEMENT
The World's Greatest Melodrama in Motion Pictures
J«t WORLDS BKKttST
Produced on an elaborate and mammoth scale with
special effects
300 Impressive Scenes
in this mighty thriller
Planned to eclipse all others—Sensation of two
,.&'.;. continents,
ONE WEEK ONLY
Prices:
Evenings
15c, 25c, 35c,
50c
Orpheum
Peerless
Orchestra
SEATS NOW SELLING
"Every seat in the Orpheum is a good seat" PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Don't it pay to
have "work done right"?
As a workingman, you know the advantage of having
work done right—so that it gives satisfaction and don't
have to do be done over again,
APPLY THIS PRINCIPLE TO TOUB TEETH.
The greatest danger from your teeth lies in diseased conditions or trouble at the roots—where it cannot ho seen or,
in many cases discovered by ordinary dental methods.
The onlyl mire method of learning these conditions is by
hnving nn X-ray film of the teeth taken. This enables
"right" work to be done.
I will take an X-ray film of your teeth without charge.
See me on this subject before having dental work done.
Phone Sey 3314
Make appointment
with dental nurse
or call
Dr.Wm. H. Thompson
DOOTOB OF DENTAL SDEOEEY
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dummnlr Private entrance
OUR MID-SUMMER AND EARLY PALL
MILLINERY
IS BECOMING AND MOST CONVINCING AT
VERY MODERATE PRICES
THE PATRICK MILLINERY CO.
(B. PATRICK)
Sey. 3291 532 GRANVILLE STREET
"THE DIVORCE QUESTION."
At the Empress Theatre Week Commencing August 13.
The Empress Stock Company, whieh
has made such a decided hit with the
Vancouver theatre-goers, is presenting a
play out of the usual next week, entitled "The Divorce Question." This
play propounds nn up-to-date topic of
vital importance and while it touches
upon a number of delicate subjects in
a plain, outspoken manner, it points out
a great lesson in unmistakable terms.
Everyone should  see this great play.
Summer prices still prevail. ***
A Vote of Condolence.
The members of Pioneer Division,
No. 101, wish to extend their sympathy
to Conductor E. Carter and Mrs. Carter,
who, during the past week, suffered the
loss of their only daughter and child,
who died at Toronto, after an oporation
had been performed.
Chairman T. S. Baxter has resigned
from the local Patriotic Fund. He is
succeeded by H. M. Morris.
OF Mil 1
Complete   Recognition
Union and Right
to Organize
of
Big Increase in Membership
and Gain in Prestige
Some of Results
Your Prescription
is ground into your
--here
WHEN we examine your eyes by
means of the most modern scientific apparatus, there can not be
thc least doubt about the glasses prescribed. They are the means by which
your eye defect is remedied. They remedy thot defect. No drops or drugs
are used. The exact correction is ascertained, and thc correct lens is supplied
by us here. The work does not leave
this 'establishment. . . Wc grind
thc correction into your lenses. .
There is no possibility of error. 'You
are safe in the matter of the glasses—
safe in move ways than one. Your
glasses will be right, and they will be
moderately priced.
Bay. 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
^    Manager.
Ground Floor Dept.
549 ORANVILLE STREET
LEGAL NOTICES
SPECIAL SURVEYS AOT.
Corporation of Burnaby
PURSUANT to the provisions of
section _ ot the Special Surveys Act.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that
the plans of the special survey of the
following numbered district lots, viz:—
Ten (10), Forty-two (42), Forty-three
(43), Fifty-sir (56), Fifty-Beven (67),
Fifty-eight (68), Seventy-one (71),
Seventy-two (72), Seventy-three (73),
Seventy-five (76), Eighty-one (81),
Eighty-four (84), Eighty-nine (89),
One Hundred (100), One Hundred and
Two (102), One Hundred and Eighteen
(118), One Hundred and Twenty (120),
One Hundred and Twenty-five (125),
One Hundred and Twenty-six (126),
One Hundred and Thirty (130), One
Hundred and Thirty-five (135). One
Hundred and Thirty-seven (137), One
Hundred and Forty-one (141), One
Humdrtd Md Forty-three (143), One
Hundred and Forty-eight (148), One
Hundred and Fifty-one (151), Two
Hundred and Five (205), Two Hundred and Seven (207), Two Hundred
and Sixteen (216), Two Hundred and
Fifteen (215), Two Hundred and Fourteen (214), Two Hundred and Thirteen
(213), Two Hundred and Twelve (212),
One Hundred and Fourteen (114), One
Hundred and Fifty-five (155), being
portions of the Municipality of Burnaby, which Municipality was directed
to be specially surveyed by Order dated
STATEMENT OF
Proportion to be borne
by the Corporation of
Burnaby in respect of
streets and lanes. . .
Proportion to be taxed
against tbe owners in
respect of lotB or land
Totals	
Number  of
.. District Lot
42, 56, 71, 72, 81,
84,   89,   100,   102,
126, 130, 135, 137,
141, 143, 148, 155.
LEGAL NOTICES
the 31st August 1912 for the purpose
of correcting any error or supposed error in reBpect of any existing survey
or plan, and of plotting land not before subdivided, and of showing the
divisions of land of which the divisions were not shown on any plan of
subdivision; together with a tabulated
list of occupied or improved lands the
boundaries of which appear as altered
by the said plans, and also a statement
of the costs incurred by such special
survey showing in what proportion
they are taxed against the Corporation
and ngninst the lands affected thereby,
have boen filed with the Provincial
Secretary, and that the said plans will
be submitted for the approval of HiB
Honor thc Lieutenant-Governor in
Council; and that any complaints that
may be made against such special survey or plnns by any person interested
in the property thereby affected will
be heard by John Stuart Jamieson, Eb-
quire, Barrister-at-Law, at the Municipal Hall, Edmonds, on the 21st day of
August next at the hour of 10:30
o'clock in the forenoon; and that thc
coatB and expenses of the said inquiry
by the said John Stuart Jamieson, together with thc total amount of compensation allowed and any other incidental expenses necessary finally to
complete the special survey will be added to and become part of the costs and
expenses of the said special survey.
DATED at Victoria, B. C, this 13th
day of July, 1017.
J. W. deB. FARRIS,
Attorney-Gencrnl.
OOST TO DATE	
Number of
District Lot
10, 57, 58, 118,
212,  213,   214.
Eighth Vice-president Fred. A.
Hoover, who, when at home is business
ugent tor Division No. 101, of the
Street Railway Employees, wus in Vancouver Wednesday, returning to Tuco-
mu the sume evening. During tlie 17
days' strike at Taeoma and Hi days at
Seuttle, in which the union, aftor a
struggle of more than 25 years, secured
complete recognition of their organization and returned to work as union men,
Vice-president Hoover had mnny interesting experiences. In fact, he hud a
little taste of Uncle Sam's 'injunction" luw and ninny other items that
go to make up the modern street railway strike in most cities.
As a result of the victory, 350 men at
Taeoma have joined the organizntion,
while in Seattle the number will reach
1600. In addition, there will be another 500 enrolled from other parts of
the service, making about 2200 new
union men. for the two cities. When it
is noted that men who had been in the
service of the company for 25 yearB,
men who had been on strike before
and returned to work defeated, are now
enrolled ns union men, thc magnitude
of the victory can be appreciated the
more.
G. E. B. McMorrow of Chicngo, and
Vice-president Hoover will remain on
the job until after arbitration proceedings, to cover, tho question of wages
and working conditions, are concluded.
The sessions begin on the 20th.
Thc atitude of the press assisted thc
strikers materially. The Tucoma Times
and the Seattle Star were flat-footedly
on the side of the men, while popular
public opinion forced the rest of the
press to at least take a fair stand.
Good reports are coming from Spokane, where thc street railwaymen are
also organizing and will soon be ready
to present a schedule.
Tentative Terms of Settlement.
The text of the terms upon which the
strikers returned to work follow:
"Seattle, Wash',, July 31, 1917.
"Cliarh'B A. Reynolds, E»q.
"Attorney fer former employees of Puget
Sound  Traction,   Light  &   Power   company, Seattle division.
"Dear Sir: Following the conference held
In your offlce today, we hereby submit to our
former employees the following proposition:
"1.    All matters  relating   to  wages   and
working conditions now In dispute between
the above named company and its former employees shall be submitted to a board of arbitration  composed of  Dr.  Henry Suziallo,
O  J. Franklin and J. A. Duncan.
Binding from August 1.
"2 The findings of such board, or a majority thereof, to be lu effect as of August
1, 1017, and to bo binding upon the company and Its employees for one year and
thereafter until sueh time as either party
may serve upon the other a 15-day written
notice of desire to change any provision of
the findings of sueh board. If, after the service of such notice, the parties cannot agree
through conference, such dispute shall be resubmitted to three arbitrators, one of whom
shall be selected by the' company, ono by the
employees, said two arbitrators to exchange
lists of ten names from which the third arbitrator shall be chosen. In tho event of resubmission, the same board of arbitrators
shall act for the cities of Seattle and Taeoma.
"8. Such board of arbitrators to prescribe such reasonable rules and regulations
governing the hearing before it that each
party may have timely notice and a full and
free opportunity to be heard as well as represented by counsel. Any controversy hereafter arising between the company and Its
employees before finnl findings of the arbitrators and not covered by this agreement, and
which would, after its appointment, be a subject for consideration of the employees' committee, shall in the meantime be settled by
such arbitrators.
Grievance Oommlttee.
"4. Within ten days after the board of
arbitration hus submitted Its findings, the
employees of the company shall select four
representatives from among their number to
act as a standing committee for the employees
of the company, and a fifth member from
their number to be chosen from the craft Involved, This committee shall represent the
employees of the company and act for them
In dealing with the company on all matters
In dispute that may arise with reference to
wages and working conditions. In case an
agreement shall not be reached, the matter
shall be submitted to arbitration, as provided
in section 2.
"5. Upon acceptance of this proposition,
Mr. Tate and Mr. Norvell will be forthwith
reinstated.
Recognise Union.
' '6. There shall be no discrimination
made against any employee who is now a
member of any union, or who shall, In the
future, at his option, determine to become a
member of any union; nor shall there be any
discrimination on the part of any union of
our employees or any employee to any of our
employees who aro not now members of the
union, or who shall not wish to become a
member of a union Any of our employees
shall be permitted to use freely his option
as to whether ur not he shall become a member of a union.
"7. All former employees who shall desire to take their former position with thc
company must return Immediately, or un or
before 0 o'clock a.m. of August S, 1017.
Those returning by that time may take their
former positions with the company at the
same seniority existing on tho 16th duy of
July, 1917.
To Deport Strlka-breakon.
"8. Upon the acceptance of this proposition by our former employees In the manner
thereinafter provided, thc company shall permanently remove all Imported employees from
their premises before the former employees
shall resume work, and deport them as speedily ns transportation facilities can be secured, Imported employees shall be housed at
Georgetown until deported, and former employees prevented from returning to work by
renson of *uch imported employees' presence
at Georgetown, snail be fuliy cinriiicnsatud
for the time lost, unless given suitable temporary employment at other points In the
company's service.
"0. The acceptance of tbls proposition
by our former employees at n mass meeting
on or before August 6, 1917, shall constitute
the agreoment between us, which shall be
binding for a period of one year from the
date hereof, or as long thereafter as mutually
satisfactory.
"Yours very truly,
"PUGET   SOUND   TRACTION.   LIGHT   &
POWHR COMPANY.
"By A. Wi Leonard, president."
a
a
"Viyella
Flannel"
Will Not Shrink
Price to be advanced to $1.25
yard September 1—76c per
yard while our stock lasts. Incidentally we might mention
that our Pall stock has just
been delivered, therefore, the
assortment is considerably
greater than usual at this season of the year. About 150
pieces in dainty stripe and
check designs, suitable for
making suits, dresses, dressing
gowns, pyjamas and for all
underwear purposes,     j
Present price 76c per yard.
September 1—$1,25 per yard.
□
□
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Number of
District Lot
43, 73, 75, 120,
125,  151,   205,
207,   216,   215,
114.
150.28
$2,378.74
12,420.02
190.21
(2,381.08
«2,480.29
1128.20
#1,800.(17
(2,018.87
SAFEGUARDING DEMOCRACY
IN   THE   GREAT   REPUBLIC
An Elegant Pipeful for Trade Unionists
to   Smoke   When   in   a
Reflective Mood,
Chicago's strike .o* railroad switchmen wus ended today by direct orders
of the government)
The strikers 2,500 switchmen afflliated with the Brotherhood of Railroad
Trainmen, were ordered to return to
work at 6 o'clock thiB morning, after
ngonts for the government had directed
them to stop the Btrike or take chances
of being conscripted Into army service
and forced to work on the roads as
privates in the army.
This heroic means of determining the
strike was made known today by mon
who attended the allnight conference
which resulted in the issuing of orders
by heads of the railroad brotherhoods
to the men at the close of the conference at 5:30 o'clock this morning to
return to work.
The men had no choice. It was
either return to work now and save
their salaries and union organization or
return to work as government con
scripts, at soldiers' pay, later.
According to conferees, a federal
government representative arrived
shortly after the seven chiefs of thc
railroad brotherhoods had como to Chicago, .taken the reins of the strike out
of the hands of local officials, and
sought a conference with officials of
the nineteen roads affected.
This government representative, it
was said, told tho men plainly that
the government would not tolerate any
organized effort to tie up tho country's
freight traffic at this time when speedy
transportation of munitions and army
nnd navy and food supplies is imperative. They wero informed that the government stood ready to tako over operation of the roads if necessary transportation was interfered with, enlist the
strikers forcibly under tho conscription
act and put them to work as private
soldiers on the roads.
It was pointed out that simitar measures were carried out in France, where
a railroad strike threatened disaster to
the country, and that not only were
the roads operated by the government
and the men enlisted and put to work
as soldiers, but the unions were disorganized.—Chicago Evening PoBt, July
30.
The adjourned senium of the B. C.
legislature will convene at Victoria on
Tuesday next.
PURE BRED FLEMISH
GIANT HARES
TWO MONTHS OLD
ti Each, at Brockton Point Lighthouse.
Phono Soy 2051,
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SET. 2492
Week Commencing
Monday, August 13
A Wonderful Play of
Naked Truths
"The
Divorce
Question"
'It will make you think*
Summer prices:
10c, 25c and 35c
FRIDAY.  August 10, 1917
SHINGLE WEAVERS TO HOLD
SPECIAL   MEETING   SUNDAY
WiU Meet at Boyal Oity to Discuss
Situation and Take Some
Drastic Action.
NEW WESTMINSTER, Aug. 9.—
(By Long Distance Telephone.)—A
special mass-meeting of the Shingle
Weavers' union, at which the Chinese
strikers will also be present, is scheduled for next Sunday nt 11 o'clock,
when tho situation, as it affects the
union, will be discussed. The membership is out to enforce the eight-hour
day, with ten-hour pay. Most of the
strikers are already working, either
for the mills which have conceded the
demands of the men or for other flrmB,
work being plentiful at better wages
than the shingle weavers wore receiving. However, the officers of the union,
in conjunction with officers of the Engineers' union, will discuss ways and
means of more effectively forcing an
immediate settlement all round. Even
with a settlement favorable to the
union it will rcqjirc some time to secure enough .noil to man thc mills, us
tho employers will discover. Otherwise,
[ the employers cnn whistle, as B. T.
Rogers would say, 'till the crack of
doom." "Every dog hns its day."
Tho union men of B. C. arc now hnving their postponed  innings.
—NEXT WEEK—
PANTAGES
TBE NEW PRODUCER—Bits From Grand
Opera
—OUBZON SISTEES—Aerial Mamie-
Other Features
■PtiMI—10c and ZOe     Nights—15c and 25c
THE ONLY UNION MEN'S CLOTHING AND
FURNISHING STORE IN VANOOUVER
The Finest Men's
Hats in the City
These are newly arrived,
and we want you to come
in and see them, try them
on—we know you '11 like
them. The newest shapes
and latest shades and, under our Right Selling Plan,
lower priced than elsewhere.
Mallory Hats $4.00
Orofut & Enapp Hats, $6.00
to 16.60
JBWThomeof hart.schaffner akarx clodjes*
V
155 HASTINGS ST.W.
The Hastings Furniture Co.
41 HASTINGS STREET WEST       "mB>
FURNITURE
SALE=
THIS IS YOUR OPPORTUNITY
to refurnish or buy new furniture for that extra room
that you hare been planning
on for so long. For the happy couple who are just going
to furnish " that little home "
this is an exceptional opportunity to do so, obtaining
the best values at a great
saving in price, If you are
in the market for furniture
of any kind it will pay you
to visit our store and look
over the many bargains you
will flnd awaiting you here.
Read the following prices—they will convince you
that we are giving you REAL BARGAINS
Extra  Special  Bargains in Brass and
Miscellaneous Items
$05 Mahogany 1'nrlor Cnbinet for  $37.50
$45 Fumed or Enrly English (Macey) Bookcase for   $32.60
$75 Enrly English (Macey) Bookcase for.... $42.50
$80 Golden (Macey) Bookcase for  $50.00
$47.50 Mahogany Finish China Cabinet for .. $27.60
$76 Fumed Oak Chinn Cnbinot for   $49.50
$25 Mnhognny Dinner Wagon   $11.90
$20 Mahogany Dinnor Wagon  $9.90
$125 Mahogany Wardrobe (2 mirrors) for .. $75.00
$1)0 Fumed Oak Chair leather back nnd scat .$21.50
$(16 Golden Onk Choir, Spanish leather, for .. $37.60
$725 Woluut Bedroom Sui te, 0 pieces, for .. $476.00
$700 Mahogany Bedroom'Suite, li pieces .... $460.00
$390   Mnhognny   Bedroom   Suite,   slightly
damaged, 8 pieces, for  $276.00
$000 Walnut Dining Boom Suite, 10 pieces.. $376.00
$137.50 Chesterfield, upholstered in tapestry.. $96.00
$150 Chesterfield, upholstered in denim $100.00
$00 Chesterfield, upholstered in denim   $67.60
$75 Sofa, upholstered in denim, for   $4260
Rocker
(Same as Cut)
Quartered Oak, early
English finish, very
massive, spring seat,
upholstered in genuine leather or tapes*
try. Reg. $25. Special
for  $15.90
Arm Chair to match
above. Reg. $25. Spo*
cla.  $16.90
$100 Davenport In tapestry, for   $70.00
$115.00 Davenport in tapestry, for $80.00
$100 Library Suite, 3 pieces, for  $60.00
$125 Parlor Suite, solid mahogany, 3 pieces .. $86.00
$100 l'urlor Suite, 3 pieces, for   $80.00
$25 Hall Rack, for  $16.00
$27.50 Half Rock for   $17.50
$12.50 Butler's Tray, all finished, for  $4.76
$15 Tea Table  $7.60
$45 BraBS Bed, 30 size, for $22.60
$00 Brass Bod, 4*0 size for   $42.60
Iron Beds Complete
Brass Bed—Double size
•nly, slightly damaged,
with extra heavy coil
spring and all-felt mattress.    Reg. price  $85 at,
specinl     $62.60
Iron Bed—Double size only,
very heavy with extra
heavy woven wire spring,
mattress with cotton on
both sides and edges, sateen ticking. Reg prico $24,
spceinl   $16.60
Iron Bed—All sizes, with
double woven wire spring,
edge supports, cotton top
mattress, twilled ticking.
Reg. $9.76, special .... $7.76
Hall Rack
(Same ns cut)   Early English   finish,   r _
$20. Sale price .
Rocker
(Same as Cut)
Quartered oak, golden or fumed finish,
strongly made, spring
seat, upholstered in
imitation Spanish
leather. Reg. $12.50
Sole price—
$8.75
$is.7>. a
.Mattress—Made of curled wood llbre,   heavy
twilled ticking, all sizoB special $2.86
All Felt Mattress—All sizes. Special   $6.60
Woven Wire Spring—Donblo Weave, edge sap-
ports, all sizes, special  $1.76
These lines nre only a few picked at random from our immense stocks.
and you'll benefit.
Come down and sec thc rest
Watch our Windows for BARGAINS During This BIG SALE
CASH OR EASY PAYMENTS
TERMS ARRANGED
Hastings Furniture Co.
LIMITED
41 Hastings St. West, Vancouver Opp. Pantages New Theatre

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