BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Jul 13, 1917

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345189.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345189.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345189-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345189-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345189-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345189-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345189-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345189-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345189-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345189.ris

Full Text

Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
, INDUSTBIAL UNITY: STEP "_m
SIX PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPBB: VANCOPTEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDERATION OP LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY JULY 13.1917
POUTtOAL UNITT:, TICTOBT
(Thirty-third Annual Session
to Convene at Ottawa
on Sept. 17
[ Unions Called Upon to Send
Strong Delegation to
1 the Conference
THE OFFICIAL call for the
thirty-third annual convention of the Trades and
Labor CongresB of Canada, has
been issued from executive headquarters at Ottawa. Probably
never before was such keen interest manifested by the membership
of organized labor generally as
this year. And there are mighty
good reasons for it. This because
there never was a time when
there was more reason for the
representatives of ' the trades
union membership getting together to discuss, deliberate and define their attitude on questions
vitally affecting their interests.
The big convention will convene,
fortunately and appropriately, at
the federal capital city, on Monday, September 17. The executive council of the members of
the Congress, in their "call" say:
The War and Its Problems.
'(The war hns run into the third year
of its fury, it is about to enter upon
a fourth year of general devastation
and upheaval. As in thc dorauiu of
legislation practically every quostion
is laid aBidc to devote every energy to
the mighy task which thc gigantic
struggle has imposed upon the country,
so with tho Congress, very many matters that would, under other circumstances command speciul uttontion,
have to bo overlooked in order to concentrate all efforts -in tho study nnd
solution of the exceptional problems
that the present stato of affairs has
necessitated. Like last year we again
call attention to ono very special subject, namely the means to be adopted
to protect resident Labor when, after
tbe war; this country will have an influx of foreign Labor. We need not
have any apprehension so* far as the
-(•turned soldiers and tbe incapacitated
aro ccjneerned; but there will bc very
probably nu immense immigration from
the shores of devastated Europeun
sountries, nnd this wiU constitute a
situation at once important and menacing us far as Canadian native Lnbor
is concerned. There is much in tbe
legislation of this year's Federal session that will command attention; nnd
very much ulsp regarding future legislation that is of vital interest to Organized Labor that should be carefully-
studied out and reported Upon. In fact
tbere hus not been, since its very in*
eeption, a more momentous meeting of
the Congress than thut of 1917, and
it is fervently hoped that the very best
Ability at the command of Labor will
be .brought into pluy during the progress of the meeting to fix standards of
iction for tho immediate presont and to
blaze out the paths that must bo followed ia the neur futuro.   -
'Needless to hero repeat, what hns
been reiterated yearly, about tho neces*
iity of perfecting our organization
The Capitalist, the Employer, the dir*
•et opponent of Labor interests, is
perfectly organized! At the command
of these nre not only the weulth but
tlso the influences tlint it can secure;
talent, ability, legs) acumen, directing
powers ure all at the service of the
most antagonistic. Tlio consequence is
thnt it behooves the friends of Labor
to meet theae conditions with like
weapons. This is a situation that must
bc considered by the Convention and
thnt will not brook delay. Not only
must Labor render permnnent thnt
which it hns won in the gigantic struggle for living, but it must ndvance further and further euch successive year
along the highway of organization and
watchful activity.
"Let there be no delay in the electing of delegates. To carefully select
I them nnd to send to the Convention
I the very best und most practical mon
[possible it is neccssury to colnmenee at
[once. Delays often bring nbout regrettable gaps in tho ranks when tho time
comes for the meeting. Wo need a very
|itrong nnd influential Convontion this
year—nbove all other yenrs—and IMMEDIATE AND CAREFUL AS WELL
#8 EFFICIENT SELECTION IS IMPERATIVE.
Retrospective and respective.
"Last yenr the annual meeting of
."he Congress took place in the city of
Toronto. There in tlie crndle of the
Jongrcss, where thirty-odd years ngo it
>vns first organized, the meeting waa
uarked by ever increasing evidences of
advancement along the highway of usefulness and development. During tbe
inst years it has been sought to givo
li fair opportunity to each part of this
flominion to benefit by the presence of
'he Congress in yearly assembly; thus
I ho East and tho West, the large commercial aad industrial centres of the
Continued on Page Five
•THB WAGE-WORKERS
1 of Canada generally are
going after more wages and
improved working condi
tions.
fl Furthermore, By virtue of
the condition of the labor
market, they are getting
away with it.
fl Thia of course has brought
down the wrath of certain
employing interests ahd pay-
triots of the profiteering
variety.
fl So long as a solitary corporation in Canada is making a profit out of war contracts, directly or indirectly,
the employees are justified
in demanding a little piece
of it. *
fl It is soon enough to discuss the wage question on
patriotic grounds when the
government makes some real-
move towards nationalizing
industry, or begins the practice of a genuine National
Service policy.
fl While things are as they
ane The Federationist's advice to Tyorking men is to
get all they can and keep
all they get.
fl The workers make industry — and war — possible.
Without them there would
be neither.
fl Then why should they not
have some say as to what
wages and conditions they
will accept in the operation?
101 LEGAL
VV. A. Pritchard Offers Public Debate on Question
of Conscription
Audience Manifests a Very
Strong Opposition to
the Measure
Socialist Party
of Canada
MEETINaS   EVERY SUNDAY
NIGHT, 8 o'clock
REX THEATRE
N AUDIENCE approaching one
• thousand people attended the anti-
conscription meeting held laat Wednesday, under the auspices of tbe socialist
purty of this city. Tho meeting opened
promptly at 8 p.m., with J. Harrington
officiating in the chair. In his introductory remurks, ho mentioned that meetings held under the n'dspices of the socialist party were usually noted for
their orderliness, und that he hoped thut
this would be no exception- to the rule.
He culled tho attention of tho meeting
to the fnct thut signs being taken
through the main thoroughfares of the
city advertising this und similar meetings, had on several occasions, been interfered with. On this occasion the
sign, being carried on u jitney, had
ugtin been molested by a party possessing moro zeal than discretion, and that
protection had been refused by tho point
officer on duty. On the mayor being
acquainted with these circumstances, he
had promised to du bis utmost to ensure
protection in futuro. He then introduced Comrade,J. Kavuuagh.
A Hero from tba Waterfront.
Owing to an accident on the waterfront lust week. Comrude Kavanagh
itppearetl on ci'jtches .und in- opening,
stated that ull the heroes were not from
the Bonime front, a few coming from
other fronts, as in his own cuse. In
tlie course uf his remurks, he drew the
attention of the uudiencc to the manner
in which the debate on the bill hud
been drawn out for the evident purposo
of enabling them to gauge the opposition. Nuw that the bill had passed its
second rending, with a substantial majority, it is being nmeiidcd in committee iu order that the young married
men of less than thirty, who are much
more suitablo for trench life than even
singlo mon uf u more mature age, might
be called up wilh the first drafts. This,
the speuker proceeded, was due to the
fact thut a man over the age of thirty,
having greater experience in industry,
would be more serviceable in thut capacity and vice versa.
Not Applicable to Slackers.
Ho then dealt with the registration
fiasco, pointing out tbat none of tbe
questions contuined on the cards were
applicable to either lawyers, parsons,
renl estate' agents or other gentry of
thnt kidney. He quoted n letter from
the pen of Sir Charles Hibbert Tjpper,
appearing in the Province on the llth
inst—a copy of which appears in another column. He closed hia remarks
by impressing upun the audience the
actions of the munitions board as employers in tho eastern provinces, nnd
their attempt to re-introduce the ten-
hour work duy in districts where the
eight-hour dny has long been the standard, the low wages they have paid in
almost every instance and the unfair
conditions tney have attempted to foist
upon the workers of this country. With
this state of affairs before the passing
of the bill, what would occur after the
military shackles are securely rivetted
upon the already overburdened workers.
Bhould we tamely submitf As we are
object to layoffs at the convenience of
Continued on; Page Five
(la Vaacnm\
_a__\ hoo )
BRAVELY THEY CHARGED UP THE HILL
BUT TAMELY THEY CRAWLED DOWN AGAIN
Vancouver Firemen Get Tired of Piffling Conduct of City CouncU and Resort to Direct
Action to Enforce Their Demands—A Three-Hour Strike Brings Council to
Terms and Raises the Most Pitiful Squawk Ever Squawked—Firemen Get One Day Off Duty in Every Four
MEASURED IN MILES, it is a long way from the site of ancient Nicodemia, in the once Roman
provinoe of Bythinia, eastern Asia, to the modem metropolis of western Canada known aa Vancouver. Measured by time, fully 1800 years intervene between the time, that Pliny held the post
of governor of Bythinia, under appointment by Trajan, the Roman emperor, and the present, wherein
the fame and glory of this great city by the western sea extends throughout the world. But when it
comes to the matter of intellectual acumen, and the ability to wisely .deal with the great problems of
social life and sanely direct the affairs of men, there is such a slight gap between the capabilities of
the appointed governors of those ancient times and those of thc petty governing upstarts who have
been commissioned by political accident to strut the stage of brief authority in Vancouver during these
parlous times, that ancient Nieomedia and Vancouver appear to be as one. Ih Pliny's day the chief
business of government in the Roman dominions was that of crucifying Christians or feeding them to
the ravening beasts in the arena, greatly to the edification of the assembled pagan multitude. It so
happened that during those days the workers throughout the ancient world were, and had been long
organized into powerful unions, and the Christian faith was taken up by these unions and incorporated
into their daily life. In attempting to snuff out Christianity by the crucifixion and savage beast-route,
the Roman powers were instrumental in sadly crippling many of the unions and rendering it almost
impossible to carry on the great public works of the Empire, that had been so long and successfully carried on by the unions, into whose hands these works had been entrusted. The firemen's union of Nieomedia had been so completely destroyed that when a fire broke out in' that city at a time when the
Roman governor happened to be there, he took note of the defenseless condition of the city against such
a calamity, and wrote to Trajan-at Rome about it. A number of public, as well as private buildings
were destroyed, while the populace looked on in apparent indifference to what was happening. Trajan,
however, would not accede to Pliny's request for permission to reorganize the firemen's union, and thus
restore to the city the protection that had been desttroyed by the foolish acts) of those in authority. He
advised that Pliny secure the necessary apparatus for fire fighting and compel the populace to lend a
hand whenever a fire, broke out.
r   Tbe Last Firemen's Strike.
That waB in Nieomedia  1800 years
ago.   The Federationist fancies that it
can still hear the squawk of the Nico
median ratepayers over the "seditious
and pro-German" conduct of the Christian firemen" of that day and thus stubbornly dying for their faith and leaving the aforesaid ratepayers at the
mercy of the Are fiend.
Next Strike in Vancouver.
Vancouver iB now a great intellectual
centre and Beat of learning.
It has govornors, notably a mayor
and a city council.
This brave array of governing talent,
whom unhappy chance hath slipped
over the denizens .of this fnir city, has
been ducking, dodging, quibbling and
piffling for the past eight months or
more in attempting to get out of granting to the firemen some small concessions relating to hours of work that
common decency would have prompted,
even had the firemen not asked that
they be granted.
The firemen wanted the two-platoon
system.
That was refused.
They then demanded one -day off in
every four.
This was refused, the mayor and
council offering to grant one day in
fiv'e.
The men at last got tired of this shuffling and quibbling, nnd left the fire
halls, on Suturday last at 2 p.m.
Then the modern Pliny, the mayor,
got busy, mostly at squawking..
But in spite of hia squawking and
blustering, the men would not climb
down.
They went back to tho fire halls only
upon the promise by the mayor that the
council would be called to deal finally
with the matter on the following Holiday, the mayor agreeing to cast his
ballot in favor of granting the demands
of the men in case it came to a tie vote.
The city wus given until (J p.m. on
Monduy to decide.
The council decided to grant the demands, after some hours of the most
pitiful bawling, squawking and rending
of heart strings, and the most humorous exhibition of bombast and fustiun
ever pulled off since the days of Nice-
media. *
And the woeful wail and the tearful
howl has ever since been profusely issuing from the petty bourgeois throat
and gushing forth iu plenteous volume
through the editorial and correspondence channels of its pnrrot press.
The enormous responsibility that
rests upon the liremen of tho city, as is
so clearly shown by the spasm of horror that has overtaken the petty property owners of thc city, would almost
lend one to imagine thnt they upon
whose shoulders was plnced such a tremendous responsibility, ought, in common decency, to be entitled to at least
as good treatment in the matter of service as tbe S. P. C. A. is attempting to
secure for dumb animals.
It would scarce be expected thnt they
would be compelled to go on strike to
get it.   It looks, however ns though tbe
acuraed with ao despicable a crew of firemen
T--J no authority exists    to     supply their
Acnmd i
Tand no
places.
|    "If i
these men under the circumstances
secure their present demands in the manner
adopted, where Is the limit to their greed
and cruelty!
"Yours truly,
(Signed)
"CHARLES HIBBERT TUPPER."
In awful contrnst to the nbove noble
production and brave resolution, burning with the fire of real statesmanship
and ennobled with a purity of spirit
and a lofty devotion to the principles
of Christian ethics nnd spiritual excellence, thnt cnn scarce fail to excite the
admiration of all who may be blessed
with the privilege of perusing it, might
be mentioned tho. sad fact tbat the soldiers, confined ih barracks at Hustings
Park for the specific purpose hinted at
by our Pnlstaff, refused point blnnk to
be uBed for the ignoble stunt of breaking thc strike of the firemen.
And The federationist understands
that the returned veterans also emphatically refused to allow themselves to
be used for any such purpose.
Falstaff's booze used to often throw
him into most peculiar mental contortions and jimjams. Not saying anything
ubout Tuppef, however.
HISS LATJBA HUGHES
Toronto
One of the outstanding women In the Labor
movement of Ontario, who stands uncompromisingly against conscription, because
she does not believe in militarism, of
either the German or any other variety.
Miss Hughes says: "While our brave men
are fighting to dustroy militarism in
Europe, the Borden government is establishing it behind their backs at home. It
is through the adoption of conscription
that the capitalists are hoping to curb
and destroy trades unionism and r-j-estnb-
lisli class rule. It is the greatest menace
the workers of Camilla have ever faced.
If the same interi-nU behind conscription
succeed, tbeir other plan Is to place us
under the rule of the House ot Lords,
after appointing a few Canadian baronets.
to make It appear an all-Imperial body.
If this Ib dono we might as well expect
to be slaves for the rest of our days. The
workers must rise as one and kick."
WASHINGTON SHINGLE
WEAVERS' BIO VICTORY
Royal Olty Shipbuilders' Laborers to
Complete Orgalnsation Next
Sunday.
NEW WESTMINSTER, July i2.—
The shipbuilders' laborers intend completing the organization of a union iu
tho Royal City noxt Sunday.
According to advices from Secretary
W. Yates of the central lubor body, a
telegram has been received here, from
Seattle, advising the local Shingle
Weavers' union that the operators of
Washington have granted the eight-
hour day in lieu of the old ten-hour
workday, with tho sume pny.
Member Typo. Union Killed.
The casualty list of tbe past week includes the mimes of two members of
Vancouver Typogruphicnl union. Early
in the week, it was reported that Pte.
W. J. Murdoch, formerly of the World
composing room staff, had been wounded at Vimy Ridge, and yesterday word
was received of the death of Pte. Frank
Bayley, who prior to enlisting for overseas with tho 231st battalion, wbb employed in the Pally Province composing
room, where he had worked for ten
years, having served hiB apprenticeship
with that paper.. His, ever cheerful disposition made bim very popular with
bis fellow employees and associates, and
the news of his untimely end has caused tbe keenest regret in the hearts of
all who knew him. The deceased waB io
his twenty-seventh year, was educated
in Vnncouver schools, and throughout
hiB career took a keen interest in amateur sports, being a well-known member
of amateur lacrosse and baseball teams,
bourgeois soul of today Ib much the
same us it was ia tlie duys of Nieomedia,
Falstaff Arrives.
The bravest und cutest exhibition of
the fact is found in the following noble
production gleaned from thc columns of
the daily press. Were it not for the
unme of thc author appearing at thc
end onc could almost imagine that
Shakespeare's Falstaff, the blustering
braggart, wine-bibber and brave drinker of sack, hud coine to town.
Vancouver, 1). C,
July 9, 1917.
To the Editor of The World: The only
parallel for the firemen going out on strike
ut a moment's notice Ik to be found in thu
brutal policy of tlie Gunnum* in bombarding
unfortified towns and in sinking unarmed
ships with women and children at risk. It
will be disgraceful tu surrender tu tbis barbarian spirit.
SEAMEN'S STRIKE REMAINED
UNSETTLED LATE LAST NIGHT
Rut Prospects Are Favorable for An
Early Settlement, Witb Victory
For Strikers.
The members of the Sailors' Union
involved in the strike on coustwise vessels, along with the steamship firemen's
union, are still on strike, the prospective settlement of last Friday huving
vanished when the parties to the dispute .met again. But tho outlook wns
• better late last night. With onc or two
more adjustments the seamen will probably sign up, conditional upon the lire
men's grievances being remedied as
well. This done, all Mill go buck to
work together. The fight has develop
ed into a rather nasty situation, and
the feeling of union men against the
Engineers' union, members of which
nre deliberately scabbing on the striking seamen und firemen, will probably
leave a breach difficult to heal at a
later date. However, the strikers have
thc winning hand and will secure their
demands before returning to work.
FISHERMEN'S UNION
FORMED AT RIVERS INLET
New Organization Has Already Secured Increase oil 2ysc per Sockeye.
RIVERS' INLET,   B.   C,  July   7.—
(Special to The Federationist,)—Hnve
caught, in addition to fish, the spirit of
discontent now being so freely manufactured   by  war-time conditions, the
fishermen of the north have orgunized.
Already we have succeeded in getting
the price of sockeye  raised  2'/j  rents
each, and we expect the new union to
ibe equally successful  with other demnnds,   We have elocted officers as follows! Prosidont, George Hillory; organ*
"The suoner these slackers know wo are ,izi.r, Walter ileid; secretary, A. R. John-
ut wur the better. |nt«m; treasurer, BruilO Knnrio.    We in-
"While   the   cunscrljillun     hill   is   before   ......i til ,„,,  !„... ».„„,}, ...:ti. ♦!,., ..,„* ,.,•
Parliament, let us.ask'for protection In the |™JJ JJJt^",,,,?^ l.tW t.St,?-
shape of u law whereby i    	
work Bhall be made tu enlist (regardless of
the loo.oiio limit). Ity prompt representation It can bn arranged to put turn I troops
ur sailors temporarily in charge uf tint lire
brigade. At all costs lei there be nn Mir-
render when the plMul Is put to onr breast
in this sordid ami indecent fashion.
Mo far as 1 nm concerned, I would wil
lingly   forego   my   insurant'.
whrTwiVl nil 'organist labor at the earliest possible
'——-"■       -  liniment, and will do oiir best to become
a crod(table addition to the- organized
labor movement of British Columbia.
We intend to extend the scope of our
now organization up and down thd Pacific coast, with a. vlw to unanimity of
aetloti in tViture. Our organizer is n
"live wire," rofusos to bo stepped on,
and will make good. A. It. J.
Willie
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
TKE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, July 15—Electricnl
Worketsj Boilertnnkcrs; Tnil-
ors' executive; Iron Workers.
TUESDAY, July 17—Amalgnm.it*
ed Carpenters; Railway Firemen; Bookbinders; Ketail
Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, ,Tu|y IS—Plasterers; Metal Trades Couneil;
Brewery Workers; Warehousemen A Freight Knadlcrs.
ffiUBSDAY, July 19—Trades
and Labor Couneil; Steam Engineers; Painters; Maintcn-
ance-of-waymen.
FBIDAY, July 80—Railway Cnr*
men; Moulders; Orauitc Cutters; Civic Employees; Pile
Drivers and Wooden Bridge
Builders.
SATURDAY, July 21—
Scene Shifts to Toronto.
This week the scene shifts to Toronto.
The pedestrians of Toronto the Good,
will nuw be uble to appreciate what
Vnticunverites had to contend with
while tho union men straightened ont
a fow kinks that Heeded' attention a
few weeks ago here.
Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers.
The result of the election of officers
for the above locnl are as follows; Pre*
sident, II. Pink; vlco-prosldont, R.
Spring; recording secretary, D, Lenon;
financial secretnry, Oeo. H. Weston;
treasurer, Carl* Jorgeasen; conductor,
Geo. Goldie; wurden, 8. Gould; trustees,
1). Bishop, P, G. Smith nnd J. Halford.
"National Service" ln Vancouver.
That food was fed to the city incinerator during the second qunrtcr of the
yenr ut the rate of ttlmoBt fifty tons a
month, or two tons a working dny, was
the startling statement contnincd in a
report submitted to the board of works
by the city engineer on Tuesdny. While
n very lnrge percentage of the food
was described as quite unfit for hu*
mnn consumption, this was not the cuse
with nil of it, nnd the whole subject
is to bo further investignted.—Daily
Sun.
THE PROPOSAL to call 8
* general strike throughout
British Columbia, in ease the
federal government attempts
to strip the workers of their
last vestige of liberty, by the
enactment of the Conscription Act, has been enthusiastically received by the membership of the affiliated
unions of the B. C, Federation of Labor.
fl From returns made so far,
it is patent that the proposal
has been endorsed by an
overwhelming majority.
fl Whatever finishing touches were necessary to make
the strike a pronounced success are this week being put
over at Ottawa by the war
profiteers' representatives in
the house of commons.
tf In the course of another
week or two, the prelude to
industrial conscription and
kaiserdom will be all but
complete. Whatever is left
of the boasted liberty of Canadians will have been wiped
out.
tf Borden's trip to England
evidently is to mean that
Canada is no longer a self-
governing "colony."
tf Well! Mr. Borden: Shoot1
your wad. The workers of
B. C. arc ready!
LINING UP IN All
The  Amalgamated   Gains
New Members in Portland,
Taeoma and Seattle
Official Result of Election
of Officers of Pioneer
Division 101   •
One of thc liveliest elections in the
history of Pioneer Division No. 101,
took place last Saturday, and the election return figures give a good iden of
the good-natured rivalry for the honor
of serving ua an officer of one of Vancouver's biggest unions. Business Agent
I Hoover was re-elected for the 'stcenth
time, and with the increased number of
votes cost this year, his taajority was
increase*), Presidont Hubble won out
over W. H. Cottrell by 11) votes, giving
Mr. Hubble a fourth term as the presid-
|ing officer. Thnt prnctically all tho old
officers were returaed is nn evidence of
the confidence and goodwill of the membership in their ability to traasact the
business of tho division. Bros. Prico
and Cleveland' tire two now members of
the executive bonrd, and will help to
instil the "aew life" into thnt body
which some of the membership seemed
to think was desirable.
Official Result of Election,
President—Hubble, J., .118 (elected);
Cottrell, W. H., 21)11. First Vice-president—Burrough, W., 370 (elected); Au-
ton, J., till. SeconoJ Vice-president—
Addison, C, .'iO.'i (elected); I.ogee, P.,
8(10. Recording Secretary—Lofting, A.
V., 331 (elected); Griffin, .1. E, 254,
Business Agent-Financial Secretary —
Hoover, F. A., -155 (elected); Hougiium,
E. S., 144. Treasurer—Harper, W. .1.,
4117 (elected); Robinson, A. F., 87.
Delegntcs to Trndes uud I.nbor Congress of Cnnnda— Cottrell, W. H., 1511
(elected); Armstrong, ill;' Beattie, W.
B., IS; Davles, B. G., f); Hnigh, F., IIH;
Hougham, E. M., 75; Kermode, E.. 37;
Murray, W, 41; Rigby, R. E., 43.   Dele*
[gate to International Convention —
Hoover, F. A., 308 (elected); Byron. .1.,
77; Harper, W. .1., «4; Hubble, Jos.,
131.   First Conductor—Haigh,   F., 45N
(elected);  Letlrove, F., 711.   Trades and
Labor Council Delegates—Cottrell, W,
II., 4111; Haigh, P., 431!; Hoover, F. A.,
•IM; llonghuin. E. 8., 208) Hubble, .1.,
■137; Korinndo, E„ 275; Lofting, A.,
373; Rigby, li., 373 (elected); Armstrong, J., 800; Anton, J., 1811; Benttie,
VI. E, 27l;Mclnues, A„ 211.   Auditors
Byron, J., 375; Mclnnes, A., 2(17;
Murray, W.. 321 (elocted); Bovce, R.,
MU; I'.eGrove, F., 113; I'eppor, A., 115;
Robinson, A. F., 1)2; White, ,1., 117.
Executive Members (Cnr Repnirers)—
McLuvnney, 17 (elected); Davidson,
Wm., 8; Duckworth, W., 7; McKay, 11,
2;   I'arrott,   Geo,   7.     (Extra   Men)—
Price, J, 80 (elected); Johns* I, 28;
Robinson, A. F, 7. (Night Men) —
Murray, W., 75 (elected); Bancroft, J,
II); Ctirdwcll, II; Gow, James, 34; duck-
son, E, 38; Lewis, D, 4; Peppar, 1(1.
(Day Men)—Cleveland, E. S, 112 (elected); Boyce, R, 17; Dnvics, B. 0,52,*:
Stanton, H, 23. Tile following officers
were elected by acclamation; Second
Conductor — Bancroft, T.J First Warden—O'Connor, W.J Second Warden —,
Nash, W. Judge of Elections—R. I..
Butt; Tellers—George llamsoa, II.
Reus; North Vnncouver, B. J. Hughes.
Suggestion to tbe Membership.
President Hubble suggests thnt any
of the members hnving amendments to
the international constitution which
they would like discussed and later presented to thc eonvention, next month nt
Providence, R. I, should submit them
to thc division nt ns early n dnte ns
possible, so thut Delegate Hoover will
have definite instructions to submit
measures to thc convention which will
benefit the entire membership of the
Internationa).
Continued oni Page Five
$1.50 PER YEAR
I FOURTH JULY
NEM UNCLE
11
A Well-known Vancouverite
Take* Note of What Is
Going on There
Interesting Speculation Aa;
to World Events aiid
Tendencies
[By Dr. W. j. Curry, Vincouver]
PITTSBURGH, Pa., July 0-
(Special to Tbe Federation*
ist.)—As you notice, I am at
present sojourning, in. "the land
of.the free." Yesterday waaJjhe
"gloridbs Fourth of July.*' The
streets of thia city were filled
with people, marching and displaying banners and flags to celebrate their '*independence," and,
incidentally, their pert in ihe;
"fight for democracy" and plutocracy. With & few comrades,,we
journeyed to Homestead Park
and spent the afternoon under
the trees. This iB certainly a
country worth fighting for. At 5
o'clock, 2,000 men and women assembled on the pavilion and had
a meeting, called by the Socialist
party. Prof.Keasbey of Texas University was the first speaker and
was there to organize the People's
Council of America, the object of
which will be the union of all
truly democratic institutions, in
order to keep this land of liberty
from sliding back to the dark
ages of military and industrial
despotism.
Tbe "Pro-German" Howl.
It is u fact that today every strike
for higher wages to help offset the acti- ,.
vities of our food bolsters is "pro-
German." Strike leaders, especially of
the I. W, \V., are now beiug thrown
into jail without bail, for strikes ara
now "financed by the Huns." Everything from an earthquake .to corns will
souu be charged up to these enemies
of democracy. If you want to start a
light here, Btart a Peace Parade. It is
thought that a mon _who fails to stand
up and take off bis hat when anyone
whistles th**,(Star Spangled Banner"
will Boon be shot for high treason, ttat
we of Canada passed through thiB same
stage, and we have sympathy for our
friends on this side.
^     i Tbe People's Council.
Thc first meeting of the People's
Council will be held September 1st;
besides socialists and representatives
of labor, many people, such os Dr. Starr
Jordan, Prof. Scott Nearing and Jane
Addams are among its promoters, so it
should go.
Among other activities, the Council
will demand an immediate statement of
the terms of peace, and will want to
know why it wus that the United States
became the enemy of Germany, not on
the invasion of Belgium or the sinking
of thc Lusitania, but only when the
submarines of the Central powers began to .sink thc munition ships of Wall
street, which were supplying the enemies of Germany.
Tho Council will insist that this country which is fighting for liberty and
the world-peace, will follow the conditions of peace recently declared by
their ally, the democracy of Russia,
rather than the imperialistic Lords and
Lloyds of Britain; thnt there shall be
annexations or indemnities, since
the wnr is not to shackle the people
of Gcrmuny, but to overthrow their
military exploiters.
The Council will insist that thc people of captured territory, such us Belgium and Servia, as well as the colonies of Germany grabbed by .Japan, decide their own future alignments by u*
referendum of thc people, and if any
territorial assign ments take place, if
Alsace und Lorraine, for instance, go
back to France, the same principle
must be applied to the victims of invasion and subjugation, such as Ireland, South Africa, India, Morocco and
even the dominions of old Spain; and
further, thut all nations in the war,
assist ei|ititnbly iu restoring the ruins
caused by the wnr.
This Council will demand a repeal
of. thc conscription Inw and will in every way possible, safeguard the wages
and rights of the workers. It will insist on the rights of freo speecli, freo
press and assembly: which are tho
constitutional privileges of the peoplo,
but which are today being ruthlessly
outraged by plutocracy and the enemies
of the people.
Lesson of the Russian Revolution.
After I'rof Keasbey had spoken, Max
Eastman, editor of "Thc Masses," addressed a meeting on the Russian Revolution, and told us that while Russia
was rapidly becoming u land of liberty,
the yoke of a military autocracy (the
most degroding form of slavery) waa
being fastened upon thc people of the
United States and Canada and being
done in thc name of democracy. O
riborty! what infamies have been committed in thy name! The speaker said
that the people voted for Mr. Wilson
to he kept out of war, but no sooner
was his pnrty established in the Whito
House than tbe munition patriots of
Wall street began their work forward,
through first poisoning the public mind
through their kept press. This was
the price wo paid for hot voting tne
socinlist ticket. During the meeting
thousands of leaflets, entitled "The
Price We Pay," were distributed, I
will ask you to print this leaflet, which
I here enclose, if possible, The workers of Canada ore also paving the price.
Max Eastman had just interviewed
Lincoln Steffens, who had recently returned from Russia. Mr. Steffens assured him that the workers and Sol-
Continued on, Page Five PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
...July 13, IM
THE
INCORPORATED
IBM
BANK OF
TORONTO
Aueta  .178,000,000
Det—ta  84,000,000
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Oonor Hastings wd OamMo Sts.
The Bamk »f British North America
Established IB isai
Brinchei throughout Canada and at
MEW TORK, SAM FRANCISCO AMD
DAWSOM
Savings Department
J. Edward Stan     Otto: ».y. 41M
SEARS &PATTON
Barristers, Selieiton, CeaMjeacsrl, Etc.
Victoria and Vancouver
Vancouver Offico: 518-7 Rogera Bids.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
T.B.O0THBBETSON&OO.
Hen's Hatters and Outfitters
•30 Oranvlll. Stmt
•10 Heatlnia Stmt Wait
CLBLAND-MBBLE ENORAV-
INS COMPANY
Halted
FSOTO  EKOBAVEBS.   OOMMEB-
OIAL ABIISTS
Fhoie fleimour 7160
Third Floor,  World  Bulletin!,
VASOOUVEB, B. 0.
Tho only Union Shop In Vaneoaver.
ASK TOUE OBOOEB FOB
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, and
MOTHERS' FAVORITE
FLOUR
UHOB MILLED
J. PHILLIPS * 00., A|tnt<
Phono Ml» HII Hamilton
THEATRICAL
OODSTSY STOBB
COLOMBIA
Comt wd have t good time, perhapi
Uke home • tide of bacon.
Halting! Stntt, ne»r Abbott
NEW   PANTAGES
WMk ot July 10. — "Wanted •
Wife." "Women"—Comedy Sketch.
Julias Hall, tho VerutUe Bor and
Other Bit Features. Man., 2.30—
10c and SOc. Mfbta, 7 and 9 —
ISe aad 20c.
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
Hemstitching, button! covered, aca).
lopping, button faolee, pinking, apong*
lot and shrinking, lettering, ploot edging, pleating, rnchlng, embroidery*,
hemming.
(BS Oranrille St. 1810 Douglas St.
VASOOUVEB, B.O. VIOTOBHTb.O.
Fhene Sey. 3101 Phons lito
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Templo
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Headquarters for Libor men.   Hotel
75c ond 11.09 per day.
$2.60 per week ud ap.
Oofo ot Bououblo Rotoi.
860 roomi, 100 wltb private battu
Phone Seymonr, 8880
HOTELJHJNSMUIR
Vancouver's newest and moat
complete Hotel
■European Flan $1.00 por Dar Vp
Now electric auto bus meets all
boats and trains free
Oor. Dunsmuir and Richards Sts,
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published onrr Friday morning by tbt B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B. Pom. Pettipiece...
....Manager
Offlce: Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7406
Subscription: $1.50 per year; la Vaneoaver
City, |2.00; to anions subscribing
in a body, $1.00.
~~~^       EEPRESENTATIVEi ~~
Mew Westminster. .W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Bupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 80S
Victoria .. A. 8. Welle, Box 1638
r
"Unity of Labor: tbo Hopo of tbo World"
FBIDAT July 6, 1917
THUB BEAD the headlines in one
of the daily papors joyfully chronicling the fact that W. L. Best,
legislative representative of the Brotherhood  of  Locomotive  Engineers und
Firemen, issues
' 'LABOB NOT a   state ment
VOID OF questioning the
NATIONAL SPIBXT." right of J. C.
Watters, president of the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, "to speak for labor—organized or unorganized—in threatening a
genral strike should the selective conscription bill pass and be enforced."
Mr. Best challenges the right of Mr.
Watters "to make any public statement calculated to convey to the Canadian people the impression that organized labor in the Dominion, under the
existing national circumstance is entirely opposed to selective conscription."
* *       »
The Federationist is not aware that
Mr. Watters has yet made any such
sweeping claim on behalf of organized
labor. He could not speak, and has not
attempted to speak, for any of the organized labor forces outside of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
and it is more than likely that there
are membera and even locals affiliated
with the Congress that would not perhaps approve of the position taken by
hint on behalf of that body. But even
that does not alter the fact that up to
the present moment the position as stated by Mr. Watters, meets with the approval of the vast majority of the membership of the unions affiliated with
with, ki there are none of the railway
brotherhoods in Canada affiliated with
the Congress, and as Mr. Watters no
doubt well knows Of the aristocratic
attitude assumed by these brotherhoods
towards the rest of the enslaved victims of modern capitalism, it is scarcely
to be presumed that he would attempt
to include thenr-in tho organized labor
movement that he had in mind and
upon whose behalf he spoke the words
that so painfully touched the patriotic
soul of the distinguished Hr. Best.
* *      *
Mr. Best refers to the statoment made
by Mr. Watters, that "the greatest and
most patriotic service we can render to
our country, mr motherland and our
Allies in the struggle to preserve our
liberties and our domocracy is, on the
day on which the conscription of manpower is put into effect, to implement
the pledge of tho preinior, by forcing
the government to conscript material
wealth through every worker in the
Dominion by refusing to work for the
gain of the private profiteer and offering his services to the nation. In other
words not a wheel of industry would
turn except for tho nation in its hour
of need. Not a mine, railway, mill nor
factory necessary to be operated for
the successful prosecution of the war,
would be operated for the profit of the
owners of such, but solely, in conjunction with man-power, for military purposes, to protect the nation." He says,
"I deeply regret that any person iot
persons should so fabdiscredit the good
name of organized ^(bor by such statements, which willfserve no good purpose, and if permitted to go unquestioned, would have a tendency to spread-
broadcast the inference that organizod
labor was void of any national spirit
and unwilling to respond to a national
call at a time when the safety of the
flag and all that it stands for is in
danger." •
*      *      *
No one short of a faithful slave of
the masters of capital could possibly
construe a refusal to turn a wheel of
industry "except for the nation in its
hour of peril," into a lack of "national
spirit" and an unwillingness "to respond to a national call, at a time when
the flag and all that it stands for is
in danger." It would rather look to
us as about the most healthful manifestation of " national'spirit" and the
most perfect and willing "response to
national call" imaginable. Tho trouble with the disturbed Mr. Bost evidently is, that he has mistaken "the
flag" for the trado erablqm of the
C. P. B., and in his loyalty to that
dolightful charitable institution he
quite readily, and let us hope, profitably, scents danger to the "flag and
all that it stands for." And trae it
is, that in the event of tho refusal of
labor to longer turn the wheels of industry for the profit of tho C. P. E, and
tho stubborn determination that it
would only turn them for the "nation
in its hour of peril," tho most of that
which the flag "stands for" in tho
eyes of the precious owners of the C.
P. R. would be seriously threatened, if
not absolutely lost. Those who have
followed the history of the railway brotherhoods, . upon both sides of the
boundary lino, will not look for any
other display of "national spirit "from
that quarter, than that of supine and
cringing loyalty to the railway interests as part and parcel of the class
machinery of robbery and extortion
that grinds its accursed grist from the
flesh and blood of its wago slave victims. It is a mattor of record that thc
most loyal defendors of slavery in all
ages have been the bettor treated
slaves themBelvos. Thoso who have been
bettor fed nnd groomed than the rest
have always been at the disposal of
their masters to aid In holding the
others in leash and subjection. It is
necessary but to add that not only are
tho brotherhoods on this side of the
line not affiliated with the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, but neither
are the railway brotherhoods on thc
other side of the Hne affiliated with the
American Foderation of Labor. In
neithe; country do they profess any
sympathy with, or lay claim to being a
part of, any labor movoment outside
of themselves. By virtue of this it iB
always oasy to locate them in the hour
of trouble or disputo between their
masters and the lower strata of slaves.
In tho days of chattel slavery in the
southern states, house "niggers" could
always be relied on to keep "field niggers" from running away. That was
tho real "national spirit," from tho
masters' standpoint. Nothing further
need be said.
The Royal Bank of Canada
INCORPORATED 1869
Capital paid-up .
Reserve Funds .
Total Aasetg 	
t 12,911,000
, 14,324,000
. 287,000,000'
HEAD OFFIOE,  MONTREAL
410 blanches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday.  Interett credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal.
—SAVE TOUB MONEY—
O. 8. HARRISON, Manager,
Oranvllle and Fender
START A BANK ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away yoar spare
cash in any old corner where it it
in danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether yonr account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits,
0. N. STAGEY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
A PLAIN
STATEMENT
OF THE CASE.
"Resolved tliflt tho manufacturers of
British Columbia, represented by tho
Manufacturers' Association of 11, C, in
minting strongly support the conscription bill now bfore tho houso, but request that conscription as put in forco
bo selective, and that the manufactuera
-bo representor., on tho tribunal to ho appointed hore by some party qualified to
decide whether any man is more necessary to tho employer in industrial pursuits in the province thsn in the fighting
'   forces."
THE ABOVE is submitted as the
clearest statement of the attitude
of tho capitalist towards his human chattels that has yet been offered.
The "request" contained, in the resolution that the "manufacturers" be represented "on the tribunal . . . by some
party qualified to decide whether uny man is more necessary
to the employor in industrial pursuits in.
the province than in the fighting
forcos," affords the most clarifying expose of the real spirit that prompts the
patriotic heart-throbs of the employing
class. If it "is more necessary to the
employer" that the "man" be reserved for "industrial pursuits," the inference is that he be exempted from service in the fighting forces." If it be
moro necessary to the employer that he
be added to thc fighting forces, such
will be his fate. In the latter case, the
state muy have him, but even in sueh
case the employers' interest will be
more fully conserved than would be
the cose wore he to escape such fate.
Look at it as we may, however, the fact
discloses itself that tho mainspring of
uction on the part of these precious
"mnnufneturers" is to bc found solely
in their own sordid nnd narrow material interests as lubor skinners and pro-
fitbiongors. That is the measure of
thoir patriotism, Their zeal for their
country's triumph over the brutal
"Huns," who are so savagely waging
war against it, is so tempered by solicitude for their own material gains, that
they insist thnt conscription shnll be
"selective," and thoir intorests bc so
protected in the "tribunals" that will
pass upon thc exemption claims of conscripts thnt no human materiirl will be
sent to thc fighting front that could
better serve the employers in some
other capacity. Tho bald statement to
that effect contained in the reoslution
quoted, and which was unanimously
passed at a, recent meeting of the B. C.
Manufacturers'association, confirms tho
suspicion that we hnve long entertain'
ed, thnt patriotism and lip-devotion to
flag and country is nothing but a mask
calculated to cover more sordid and unworthy designs.
* * *
It appears1 from the published roport
of the mooting of the association that
passed the resolution referred to, Mr.
Cunningham, presidont of tho association, did practically all tho speaking in
behalf of its adoption. This distinguished gentleman, und who,, by tho
way, is apparently a perfectly sound
physical proposition, of militnry ago
nnd not yet enlisted, said, "It is absolutely necessary, 1 believe, to havo conscription, but it is nlso essential tbat
this conscription be not ^discriminative, but the same be selective." Now
' indiscriminative" is especially good,
but "selective' 'is infinitely better. At
least that is the way lt looks to The
Federationist. At any rate, this paper
fully agrees with the learned president
of thc association upon that point. Let
■aa take pains to exempt all who perform useful aervice in the carrying on
of the industries necessary to the prosecution of this most glorious war and
the ignoble purpose of feeding, clothing and sheltering the common.herd at
home. The patriotism of The Federationist, however, refuses to allow itself
to be stultified into any consideration
for the interests of labor skinners and
human ghouls whoso putrid souls cannot rise above the vulgar level of material gain, even in the presence of the
most threatening danger to their beloved eountry. The Federationist will,
therefore, be compelled to insist that
"selective conscription" shall be directed to the sorting out of all persons
unnecessary to tho conduct of industrial
operations, beginning with big lusty
presidents and members of associations
of commercial and board of trade pirates and going right down the line, and
it is indeed a long one, of the participants in the swag that is taken from
the toil and sweat of the industrious,
and not for a moment forgetting that
gallant Hst of boosters, apologists and
defenders of the ancient and most honorable right to rule, rob and ravage,
that has brought civilization to its present lofty pinnacle of moral and ethical
excellence. They should all be taken,
down to the very last and loast of
them, and allowed to sacrifice themselves upon tho altar of their country
which they so noisily profess to love,
but in whose defense" they so silently
refuso to enlist. They need encouragement, they do, Mr, Cunningham along
with the rest. The Federationist is
quite in faver of their getting it by
tho '' selective'' route, inasmuch as
Mr. Cunningham has expressed preference for it.
* * *
Mr. Cunningham further said: "I
have my own opinion as to the necessity for conscripting wealth and industry, but the question that we are mostly concerned with at the present time is
tho man power." Again aro wo most
heartily in accord with the distinguished president of the association. Man
power, that's the thing. If the question of man power is Bettled, the matter of wealth and industry will also be
settled, that is if the advice of Tho
Federationist is followed, and we hope
it will be. By sending to the bottle-
front all of tho useless male unimnls in
the community, and praying successfully to the Lord that the war may last
long enough to permanently rehiove
their pestiferous presence permanently
from tho affairs of industry, the vexations problem of wealth will bo solved
and the terrible burden that hns been
so long borne by tho industrious workers of tho world be forever removed.
This pleasing consummation, having
been attained, and let us hope proper
steps will betaken by the producers to
avoid the breeding of another gang of
rulers, owners, parasites and loeches,
the prospect for a repetition of the present world spectacle of blood and butchery would be reduced to a minimum.
Glory would bo at a discount, but life
nnd (decency wtfald be far safer and the
landscape less liable to be periodically
nausBed up with blood arid gore. Thanks
nre due to Mr. Cunningham and his association for their splendid, though
perhaps unconscious, contribution to
the causo of world salvation from the
curso of too much useless employer and
too littlo of freedom among the useful
wealth producers of all lands. Yes, indeed.
SOME OF the whining press, especially, daubed with the thin
varnish of liberalism, complains
that the government at Ottawa appears
to have no intention or desire to appropriate or mo-
HAS NO DESIEE bilize wealth for
TO MOBILIZE the   prosecution
WEALTH? of the war.   As
we understand it
tho government seems disposed to conscript man power. So far the pretense
has been thnt it is to bo conscripted
purely for military purpose nt tho
front, but we are not unmindful of tho
probability that conscription is to go
much farther thun this and includo enforced servico in tho industries of capitalism, under tho specious pretense that
tho operation of such Industries is essential to the successful prosecution of
tho war. That thero is more behind
this conscription than mere sorvico at
tho front is frequently blurted out of
the mouths of blatant braggarts and
irresponsible asses who are so devoted
to the dirty purposes of rulers and ruling classes that they lose all sense of
proportion, foolishly throw caution to'
the winds and recklessly babble the
things they ought to most carefully
cover Up in order to protect the interests that can only be conserved by
keeping their purposes in the dark until they havo tho trap sprung. A case
in point has been furnishod within tho
past week by a leading legal light of
this city, who took occasion to draw
an excellent photograph of his mentnl
calibre, as woll as tho wishes of tho
interests which ho serves, through tho
columns of the daily press, in an attack upon the firemen because of their
action in forcing tho city administration into a recognition of their reasonable demands in regard to conditions of
their employment.
* * #
In conscripting tho productive forcos
of tho Dominion, cithor for the purpose
of killing or for that of supplying the
killers with moans whoreby they may
do tho business, tho governmont is conscripting all of the wealth there is in
tho country. The wealth of the world
lies solely in its working force. It is
labor alone that creates the values that
are measured as wealth in the calculations of men. Nothing else enters into
the process of making wealth, as it is
commonly termed. If what is termed
wealth, that whioh Marx called "an
accumulation of commodities,'' is
brought into being solely by the
workers in human society, then it
logically follows that these working
people, the creators of all of these commodities, constitute all there is of the
world's boasted wealth. They are the
creators of commodities and we are
somewhere told that the "created cannot be greater than the creator." If
the creator of commodities be commandeered by the government—thai is
conscripted—no further conscription of
wealth is possible or even thinkable.
Wo have frequently insisted, and we
still insist, that all of the property
values in the world aro embodied solo-
ly in the working class. Its members,
under slavery, are always conscripted
by the masters, and either compelled
to- work of kill, aB the temper and requirements of the masters may from
time to time determine. Just at present
an exceedingly largo portion of the
property of tho ruling class is being
used for the very laudable purpose of
destroying itself by a mutual spreading of blood and entrails across the
landscape. The balance is being kept
inordinately busy in providing the implements of slaughter and at the same
time feeding tbe master class and fattening its wallet to as great an extent
as is possible undor the circumstances.
If the masters of any ono of the countries involved in this fratricidal struggle, see fit to throw all the power of
their property (their workors) into the
conflict and waive for the moment the
increased fattening of their wallet,
that is most assuredly .thoir own business and we do not know of any
ground from which a booster for and
defender of this peculiar system of
property ,can make a legitimate kick.
If, upon tho other hand, the masters
of any given country seo fit to devote
but a part of thoir property to the
noble art of slaughter and devastation,
reserving the balance for tho purpose
of mnking a little extra hay for future
use, that is also their own businoss nnd
it is the veriest impudence for nny one
not included among thoso masters, to
pake their unsufforablc nose into it. If
persons who defend this Bystem of
property, are so lost to consistency,
logic nnd decent respect for it, as to
bo trying to scare it off the track by
petty piffling nnd meddling, there is
but ono institution ominently fitted to
receive them and the doors of which
should always be opened unto them.
That institution is tho home for tho
feeble-minded. Either they should go
thoro or bo abated as a common nui-
, Anyone who thinks that tho
Ottawa government's proposed conscription measure hns nothing to do
with conscripting wealth, had bettor
guess again and then go home and
think it over for awhile.
"make the world safe for democracy,"
is no hypocrite, but has much in his
own home land to attest his nobleness
of purpose and sincerity in pursuing it,
The workers get what the workers
can take.
Not a solitary industry has been
nationalized by the governments of
Canada since the outbreak of the war,
despite all the bombast and glittering
generalities about "National Service."
The Czar has made application to the
Provisional government to be allowed
to acquire stock in the "Loan of
Freedom." We should also be interested in a similar loan if we were under
arrest.
Bethman-Hollweg, the German chancellor, says "he is sure Germany will
win if she can hold out." Aftor having given the matter most careful and
serious consideration, we have been
forced to the same1 conclusion.
The wife of Presidont Wilson is accused of deliberately setting herself
busy at the task of giving instruction
to housewives on how to economize. The
good lady, however, will find it entirely
unnecessary to give any instructions
along that lino to tho wives of working
men.   Their wages will attond to that.
"We must be alert and diligent to
see that war time wages keep pace with
war time prices," says the Painter and
Decorator. That is easy. In fact it is
like getting money from home or working in a brewery. The splendid pro-
gross made along that line since the
beginning of tbo war is ample proof
of the fact. We should all feel greatly
encouraged at tho result.
, While there aro many excellent recipes available for properly preparing
the succulent onion and the toothsome
spud to bring joy to the stomach of
tho gourmet, there is a woeful lack of
trustworthy information about how to
successfully cajole them into the workingman 's kitchen with the narrow
wages ho receives. They should really
be sold on tho instalment plan.
The chief virtuo attached to tho
noble art of saving in order to nid your
country in this her hour of peril, lies in
tho fact that the more you snve tho
more will your country havo to expond
in tho noble practice of wholesale
slnughter and devastation. That is far
btter than that you should be com-
fortnble and well fod and the splendid
and uplifting work of blood and but-
chry be hampored an<5 perhaps shortened.   It really is.
GOVEENMENTS derive their
just powors from the consent
of the governed," is the vital
message borne to outraged humanity by
thnt famous document known ns the
Declaration of In-
OOMMEMOEATlNa dependence. 11
INDEPENDENCE should not bo for-
DAY gotton   that   this
"Declaration"
was drawn up on beh-ilf oi the then
British colonios in whet is now the
United States of America, the dominant interests in those colonies having
most nobly resolved that tho exploitation of white wage slaves of the north
and block chattel slave* of the south
should no longer be carried on for the
benefit of English slave skinners and
masters, but that all such rights and
privileges should henceforth nnd for-
evor bo reserved to the aforesaid would
be's. This lofty resolution waB happily brought to a favorable conclusion,
and great has been the joy of tho home
brew of labor skinners and wealth accumulators, oven unto this day. Recently, however, some misguided, and
it ia claimed moro or less ancient females, having become painfully obsessed with an appreciation of tho virtue contained in the messnge above referred to, hnd the samo boldly imprint
ed upon a bravo banner and did hoist
the snmo nt the gates of the official
mansion of tho American kaiser at
Washington, D. C, evidently as a con
vincing renson why the frnnchiso
should be extended to these obsessed
females and their sisters throughout
tho aforesaid kaiser's domain. Then
were the banner bearers, in spito of
the appealing virtuo of tho message
emblazoned upon that banner, and in
spite of tho further fact that they wero
of tho gentle though oftentimes noisily
skirted sex, pounced upon by about 100
brave nnd noble male persons and their
banner rudely rent and mutilated and
its gallant bearers mocked and jeered
most lustily.
* # *
The only oxcubo yet offered for the
assault 'upon the banner and its brave
bearers is that the males guilty of the
assault wero all drunk, not with ordinary ovorydny "booze," but with
that super-intoxicating mental nnd nor-
vohb excitant known ns patriotism. It
seems thnt anything in any manner
evon suggestive of doconey is quite sufficient to throw the patriotic soak into
as absurd and erratic and irresponsible actions as wero ever indulged in
by the booze befuddled victim of just
plain rum, This gallant attack upon
tho offending bannor nnd its complcto
annihilation occurred on tho 141st anniversary of thc Declaration of Independence. All of which goes to show
that tho modern Don Quixote who has
so  recently unsheathed  his  sword  to
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TBADES AMD LABOB COUNCIL—MEET
irst ehd third Thursday,. Eieeutli
board! Jamee H. lleVeljr, president: »redi
Hoover, Ttee-presldsntj Violor B. IlUgle]
lenerel eeeretsry, 110 Lsbor Temple; Re
Knowles. treasurer; W. H. Colierilt statist
***> MJlefne-et-enu, Oeoris Harrison; i
1. Crawford. Ju. (hapten, V. Belli, ta
ALLIED PBWTIMO TBADES OOUKOn?
Freeldent, j.  MoKlnnoni  secretory,  B.  I
Meelen-h, P. 0. Boi »». "
BABTEHDBBS'   LOCAL   Mo.   MB.--0«o*
Boem 80S Labor Temple.    Meettin
__%£___ *"■ M°'""»S mM
JUUBHBrMEN BABBEBS' INTEBBATIOji
S__ ol".4 •"«.«i„T»eed«'re ln tbe monll
&«'0f...UlwroT«l)1•• S»«ldent, L. I
st?«t! ' """""'• 8- H* °'«*. "" Altera
a»?»"«n?nd »,''d..4'l, Wsdnsedws, I pa.
Booa 807. Pros dent. Ones. »7Balti* eer
rsspondlni secreUry W,ToiieUTBox j.
Unsocial secretory, fr. J, Pipe?,
BBEWEBY WOBBEBa L. a Mo. Ill, I. 0
w.j..1j ■ "!• °'tA—*M,» *'•' end tklri
Temple. SI p.m.   Preeldent, A. Sykes; eeere
BKOTHEBHOOD UI* BOILEB MAKEBf
AmJE? liih Su» BtM,n end HelperTb;
Aaerlce. Vancouver Lodie Bo. l»*-!-lleeti
tat nnd third Monday..'« p.a. pSfiJi,
tJXSZtoU, n SeTcnt-eealn. arenne wit
secretary. A. Prassr, 1181 Howe itreet,
INTERNATIONAL UNION OP STEAK AXli
. OM-SATINO ENOINEEM-KSl^f
620. Meets evenr Thursday, 7.B0 p.m7Latoi
Temple. President, William Walker; Tioe
president, j. R. fW e.er.5r,.t,e,.I},,,
nl; ___% *°m 219' L"»» T""i"«:
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNIONOFTW
T.,,..?'"'""—»«••* et M7 Gore avenue era?
Tuesday, 7 p.m.   Buessll Kearley, buslnm
KLECTBIOAL WOBKEga LOCAL NoTfii
—Meete  In  Boom  80S, Labor Temnl.
erery Monday, 8 p.m.   President, D. W fij
tary, John Murdock, Ubor Temple; fiianeE
secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrlira
Boom 807. Labor Temple, ""rttet,
INTERNATIONAL LoNOSHOBEMEN'S AS
■oolatlon. Local SS.62-oace end'hall
Ponder street eest. Moeti erery Thirl.
--# S P.m. Seorotary*trea«uror, F. Chapman:
businossjgent, J. Mahono. »!»"•".
"HoTvovor irksome conscription mny
scorn to some, it will right n wrong,
the very grievous wrong thnt hns been
dono mnny young Cnnadinns sinco the
outbrcnk of tho wnr. It will remove
the implicntion thnt they nre slackers
nnd sot tuchi right in the publie estimation," snys tho Ouelph Daily Her*
nid. Thoso who have been wrongfully
stigmatized ns slackers nro to bo cleared of tho stigma by being conscripted,
whilo thoso who committed the wrong
upon thom nro to remain safely at
home. There is logic for you, although
somo might mistake it for mental
strabismus, which is but nnother name
for editorial squinting.
As conscription, for oither militnry
or industrinl service is tho complete
nbnegation of all democracy, what difference is it going to mako to the con-
scriptod slnves whether their masters
are taxed ten cents or ton million dollars? If the few privileges now possessed by tho" slnves nro to bo abrogated, is it any business of the slaves
what tricks tho masters cunningly con-
trivo in the way of stacking the'cards
nr loading the dico against each other
in thc pleasing game of statesmanship
nnd business! Is not the mnin question
to the slavos thnt of holding on to what
rights and privileges they mny now
possess and pressing irrosistibly forward
to gain moro!   If not, why nott ■
Lot no working mnn run nwny with
tho idoa that tho domocracy so glibly
mouthed by tho great, ones of the earth
as boing thc cause for which tho pro-
sent war is boing fought, is tho democracy of labor. It is tho democracy of
capital. No further proof of this is
required than is to bo found in tho
fnct that) labor is to bo conscripted, not
only for the purposo of lighting tho battles at the front, but for industrial
sorvico at hohie, if possible. Evory
day some jackanapes in the ranks of
capitalist boosters gives this intention
away by garrulous utterances prompted
oither by too much booze or too little
sense. Tho rocont outbreak of Sir
Charles Tupper, n modem edition of
Sir John Falstaff of Honry the Fourth's
timo, affords a caso in point. It will
be found in another column.
"iSPf'S.**,,?0- '"-MEETS SECOND
—$}d m™*. Th,r'"1»" •' » P-m. tie."
»£',.!,.""■• *!*?• '•«"•""« eeorotai J.
Brooks; financial seoretary, J. H. MoVety.
ill Leber Tomple.   Seymour 7485. '
Soma P1UTUBE MACHINE OPEBA:
« '""'"nlon. Local 348, I. A. T. s. ET*
»• £ ?• 0'£"ee"t ttet Sunday of eacl
mouth, Room 204, Labor Temple, 'president
*___j__W__l "T- °- A-
PATTERN MAKERS5 LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancourer and vicinity.—
&££r.o*BM? •.'M0S,d "I4 '0"rUl "endaye,
MeDougall, 1928 Orant street; financial Bee-
rotary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venables stroet; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Pt.
Grey road. Phono Bayvlew 2079L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS-Local No!
138—Meets eecond an fourth Thursdays
of each month, room 808. Labor Tomple.
Presidont, John McNeil; financial socretary
Oeo. H. Weston; recording secretary, Jas.
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple.
STHEBT AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM*
„ Ployoes, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Presidont, J. Hubble;
vice-president,, E. S. Cleveland: recording aee.
*Vr' it, Y; _*UaO' *""1 Trinity atreet,
Phone Highland 168R; financial secrotary and
business agent, Frod A. Hoover, 3408 Clark
drlvo, office corner Prior and Msln streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION—OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Presl-
«"li I' Tj EUimtt_ vice-president, Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken. Box 508; financial secreUry, T.
Wood. P. 0. Boy 503. "
SHIPYARD LABORERS' UNION, No. 1565
—Meels second aod fonrth Fridays of each
month, 8 p.m Labor Templo. President, C.
Beams; rocordlng aeeretary, W. Hardy, 445
23rd street west, North Vsncouver; flninclnl
gcgretary, s. Phelps.
TTPOORAPHICAITUNION, NO. 228—Meete
n J,'/'BW •' "oh month ■< 2 P*>»*
Presidont, V. S, Armstrong; vice-president.
B. G. Marshall; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 86.
Toronto stroet railwaymen aro out on
striko. Those disloyal and seditious
patriot! aro actually demanding nn in
crease of ten eents per hour in their
wnges. Tho compnny has offered an
increase of two cents, which in Itself
is a fabulous sum. Toronto being in
tho "cent belt." But ten contsl Preposterous! Sueh a sudden rile from
indigence to affluence would bo a gross
violation of all British traditions, tn
sny nothing of tho traditions of thia
glorious self-governing dominion. Bat
as preposterous as are the demands of tho Tomnto street railway men that pious burg hns not
yet been compelled to suffer the affliction of realizing that it haa a Are department manned by men so enllnus
and indifferent to tho tender heart-
atringa of ratepayers, as to rudoly tear
thorn by going) out on strike to enforce
a point. This terriblo affliction hns
beon so far reserved for the goodly city
of Vancouver, the great metropolis of
western Canada.
Phone Bey. 5183  1296 Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
SEAT COVERS, AUTO UPHOL-
STERINO, TOPS RECOVERED
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1019 QEORQIA STREET
One Block west of Court Houae.
Uso of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlora free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymour 2428
PROVINCIAL UNIONS I
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOB—MeeU Is ,
innutl convention in Jinuirv. Eieentm
2?KCflri/, Wi p»«WenL J. N.rlor, Boi
415, Cumberland; vice-pmidenti—Vancouver: J„ h. MoVety, V. B. Mldgley, Ubor
Temple. Viotorla: j. Taylor, Box lAs. Van. ,
couver Island: W. Head, South Wellington,
Prinoe Rupert: W. E, Thompson, Box 094.
Now Weitmlniter: W. Yatei, 906 Londod
S-m" i,Koot°niy Dlitrlet: A. Goodwin, Box
h6, Trf« ?f°ff Nm* VtUt'1 W' B Phil-
upi, 176 McPherson avenue. Seoretary*
treaiurer: A. 8. Weill, Box 16B8, Viotorii,
D. 0.
VIOTOKIA, B. Q.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR' COUN-
T.SIL~^,M,,B.eU..£lt„,nd tW'4 Wedneaday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p-m. Preildent, E. Chrliiopher, Box 387;
Tice-preildent, Chrlitian Siverts, 1278 Den-
man street; aeoretary, B, Simmons. Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0.
___t WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
BARTENDERS* INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local T84, New Weatminster.
Meita aecond Bandar of each month at 1 ■ ao
PJB.   Secretary, f. W. Jameson, Box 496.
PBXNOB RPPEBT, B. 0.
PRINOE RUPERT TRADEB AND LABOB
Council—Meeti second and fonrth Toes-
dan of eaeh month, In Carpentera' hall. President, B. D. Maedonald; aeeretary, J. J,
Anderson, Box S78, Princo Rnpert, B. 0.
80PTH WBLLDTOTOM. V. X.
LOCAL ONION, NO. 878, U. M. W. OF A.—
Meeta aecond and fourth Bandar of each
?'"ithiAt •■!? P-m- Hlchardi Hall. Preildent, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven:
reeordlng eecretary, Jai. Bateman; flnancla)
aeeretary, 8. Portray; treaiurer, J, H. Rlehardion.
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
pOAL mining rights of the Dominion in
y Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alborta, tha
Vukon Territory, tbe Nortb-Weit Territories
and In a portion of the Province of Brltlih
Columbia, may be leaied for a term of
twenty-one yean renewal for a farther term
of 21 yean at an annual rental of |1 an aore.
Not more than 2,560 aorea will be leaied to
one applicant.
Application for a hate muit be mado by
tho applicant In person to tbe Agent or Sub-
Agont of the district In whioh the rights «p>
piled for are situated,
In surveyed territory the land muat bo del-
scribed by suctions, or legal sub-divisions of
sections,  and  In  nnsurveyed  territory  the
tract applied for aball be staked out by the *
applicant himielf.
Knch application muit be accompanied by
a fee of IS which will be refunded If tht
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty ihall be paid on the
merchantable output of thu mine at the rate
of five oenta per ton.
The penon operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returni accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable eoal
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If tne
coal mining righti are not being operated,
inch returni ihould be furnished at leaat
onee a year.
Tho lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap, 27 of 45
Georgo V. assented to 12th Jnne, 1914.
For full Information application should ba
made to the Seeretary of the Department of
tho Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORT,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of his ad-
Tortlinment will not be paid for.—f'67B.
OBQAJ.IIBD , LABOB  OOMPANIBB.
B 0. FEDERATIONIST, LIMITED—Meeti
at call of preildent, Labor Tomple, Vancouver, B. 0. Dlncton: James Campbell,
president; J. H, McVety, secretary-treasurer;
J. Naylor and A. S. Wells. R. Parm.
"eMifpIf'i'fl. manarlng director. Room 217,
Liter Temple.   Telephone Bermonr 7496. OmOIAI*   PAPEB   VASOOUVIB
TBADBS ABD LABOB OOUBOTL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omouL *Aiaa_	
UMBU  riDIBATIOB- OP  LABOB
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 28
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY JULY 13,1917
"Penny wise
and pound foolish"
This saying applies to persons who neglest giving attention to
their teeth.
Delay, once defects we apparent, mean that when absolute
nesessity forces you to go to a-dentist tne work whioh will be
necessary will be far more expensive than would be the ease if
attention was given promptly. In addition, you will have suffered
pain, inconvenience and possible loss of health.
It in real economy to have prompt attention given your teeth.
J will be pleased to look over your teeth at any time, and advise
you us to what ahould be done to place them in proper condition.
Phone Bey. 3331
Appointments for
examinations can
be made by phone
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown ud Bridge Specialist
008 Hastings Street West, Oor. Soymour
BOYS' CLOTHING
StlITS—Splendid  selection,  in   variety of  styles,  including Norfolk,
Sports, Pinchback und others; up-to-date tweeds, serges, etc.; 3 to 18
years.  All prices,
BLOOMER AND KNEE PANTS—Navy or brown velvet; Berges, tweedB,
corduroy, white serge and white duck, khaki cotton drill, etc, 3 to 18
years.
JERSEYS—Cotton, cashmere and worsted, ribbed and plain knit; navy,
brown, green, white, etc.   Sizes 20 to 32.
UNDERWEAR—Stockings, Bhirta, overalls and every requisite for boys'
outfits.
WHITE SAILOR SUITS—Detachable navy cuffs and collars; second
shipment to hand for 12.60
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
Tel Sey.
HEN'S AND BOYS' CLOTHING
SOt to SIS Hutfnga Stntt Wait
AERONUI CO.
/Pbone Sey. 2207.
AERONUI
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that every union man
ahonld have. Simplieity, efficiency and
economy combined with a money saver
are the principal feature) of
AERONUI
;:     ::   670 Richards Street
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 018 View Street.  Phone, 120V.  Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Boad.   Phene 219.
HAMMOND, B. 0.: Qroenhousea and Nursery on C. P. B.   Phene Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
I   Mnin Storo and Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
48 Hastings Street Eaat.   Phones, Seymour 988*072.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.   Phone Seymonr 0513
Established 1801
John J. Banfield
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
Managed.
MONEY TO LOAN
327 Seymonr St
Flume Seymour 183
The Sign USE
SHAMROCK End
Lard        Butter
Ham   .     Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen, Wellington nut  $7.00
| Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump... 8.00
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump 18.00
Comox Nut  *.  - 7.00
Comox Pea  ........ _ 5.00
(Try our Pes Cosl for you underfeed furnace)
imacdonald-Marpole Co.
J Phone
■Seumour
PIlOM
iSwimour
aio
T
I
Engage in Momentous Peace
Discussion and Make
Clear Proposals
Delegates Are Unanimous
in Desiring That War
Be Soon Ended
[By W. Frinoii Ahern]
SYDNEY, W. S. W., June 16.—(Special
tu The tft-deratiojiist.)— During the first
week of June laBt, the libor socialists of
Australia met ia conference to discuss among
other things tbe question of peace anil lay
down tonus on which a lasting peace can be
secured. At the time of writing, the following terms aud conditions are in the hands of
every trades union, political league, and other
associations taking tbe matter lip throughout
the whole length and breadth of Australia.
In order not to arouse curiosity, the proposals were so distributed before actual discussion took place on them—this In order to
counteract any action that might be taken to
suppress the document.
Pwca Proposals.
'That as the governments of Europe,
founded on class rule, and adopting the methodi of secret dlsplomacy, have failed utterly to preserve peace, or to bring the present
war within meisurible distance of a conclusion, and whereas tbe existing capitalistic
system of production for profit compels every
nation constantly to seek new markets to exploit, inevitably leading to a peroldlo clash
of rival Interests, we contend that only by
an organised system of production for use,
under democratic control, oan a recurrence
of auoh calamities be permanently avoided.
Tho preient system, by fostering commercial
rivalry, territorial greed and dynastic ambitions, hai created an atmosphere of mutual
fear and distrust among the great poweri,
whioh wis the immediate cause of tne present colossal struggle.
"While the people. Buffer and die In millions, thousands of the ruling ind privileged
classes are amassing huge fortunes ont of
war profits; apparently existing governments
are miking no sincere efforts to obtain i
ipeedy peice, but ire devoting their whole
endeivora to tbe continuince of i disastrous
struggle. We are therefore convinced thit
peace can only be accomplished by tbe united
effort! of the workeri of ill the countries Involved.
"We, therefore, rejoice over the revolution
In Russia, and congratulate the people of that
country upon their efforts to abolish despotic
power and class provlleges, and urge the
workers of every lind where similar conditions exist, to follow their example with the
same magnificent courige and determination.
"We are of the opinion that a complete
military victory by the Allies over the Central
Powers oan only be accomplished by the further sacrifice of millions of human lives, the
Infliction of incalculable misery and suffering
upon the survivors, the creation of an Intolerable burden of debt to the further Impoverishment of the workers who must bear auch
burdens, and the practical destruction of
clvillsition among the white races of the
world.
"We, thereforo, urge that Immediate negotiations be initiated for an international
conference, for the purpose of arranging
equitable terms of peace, on whioh conference
the working olass organisations shall demand
adequate representation, and the Inclusion of
women delegates, and we further urge that
the British self-governining dominion! shall
be granted separate representation thereon.
'■^        Principles to Be Observed.
"We submit that In framing the terms of
I lasting peace, the following principles
should be observed;
1. Tho rights of small nations, Including
Ireland, to political independence.
2. That the European countries Invaded
during the present war bo immediately evacuated, and their future territorial Integrity
guaranteed—provided that the ownership of
disputed territories shall be determined by a
plebiscite of tho inhabitant! under the protection of an International commission. Tbii
course would disposo of Alsace, Lorraine, Poland, aud similar casos on the democratic,
principle that nil just government must rest
an the consent of tho governed.
8. That prior to tho dlsbandraent of tho
combatant armies and navies, tbey shall be
utilised under International control for the
restoration of tbe devastated territories at
the expense of the Invaders, and not subject
to military supervision.
4. Tbat where an amicable arrangement
cannot be reached by the peace conference
In regard to captured colonies and dependencies, such territories shall be placed provisionally undor international control,
5. That the freedom of the seas be secured oo the linos laid down by President Wilson of America In bis speech at Washington,
In May, 1916, where he advocated: "A universal association of the nations to maintain
the inviolate security of tbe highway of the
seas for the common and unhindered use of
ill nations of the world."
- 6. The abolition of trading In armamentb,
and the prohibition of the private manufacture thereof.
7. The abolition of conscription in all
countries simultaneously.
S. The control of foreign relations under
a democratic system, based upon publicity,
in lieu of the present methods of secret diplomacy.
S. That the existing machinery for International arbitration be expanded to embrace
a concert In Europe, ultimately merging Into
a world-wide parliament, as advocated by:
President Wilson, in a recent message to the
United States congroBB."
It should be pointed out these proposals
have been debated at considerable length by
committees and congresses beforo they were
submitted for the ratification of the working
(Id VaneomK \
Olty, I2.M   )
$1.50 PER YEAR
classes. From tbe conference of tbe Labor
leagues ind tndee- anion* now considering
them, they will be dealt in turn by the various organisations throughout tbe world. It
may be that these proposals will form the
basis of the peace of the world In tbe
future.
After War Proipew.
Delegatea were unanimous In tbelr desires
that the war ihould be brougbt to a conclusion. Wben the aoldiers returned to their
own lindi It would be to flnd that the best
lands were in the hands of the landowners.
All the workeri would get out of the war
would bo wounds, starvation and misery. It
was a capitalist war, and should have been
stopped long ago. It wis. In the power of
Libor to stop the war, and the men who
were prepared to atop this war were the real
Eatriots of the world. If peace was only to
e secured by annexations and indemnities,
it would be no victory 'or the working
classes, aa tbey would suffer by these restrictions placed on tbe vanquished by the winners. Tbey denounced the war as a scheme
of the capitalists to dominate the affairs of
the world. The time bad come when the
Labor movement ol AuitraUa should tako its
courage in iti hands and declare where it
really stood in the matter. The war had now
developed Into a mad race for annexations and
indemnities. Any conference tbat iat now
could get the ssme terms is would be got
after a further 13 months of slaughter. The
victories of peace and negotiation were far
better tban any peace secured through blood
on tbe batltefleld, One single human life
was worth far more than millions of pounds,
In any wir by attrition, the women and
children would be the sufferers, since the
allied powers could only crush Germany effectively over the dead bodies of that country's women ad babies. Tbey opposed the
annexation of the captured German possessions In tbe Pacific, since Australia had
enough to do to people the land she already
held. Any islands captured in tbe Pacific
would not benefit the Workers of Australia,
wbo would be taxed to keep them going for
the benefit of the capitalists. If they wanted to remove the German or any other menace from the Pacific, they should neutralise
the captured islands and place them in the
hands of an international court, and so prohibit any nation turning them into naval
bases. Any burden placed on tbe enemy
countries would have to be borne by fellow
workera' ln those countries, and Labor in
Austrilli ahould strenuously oppose thit.
War Parties Losing Grip.
Russia had given a real lead which ihould
be followed, lt was said. The workers In all
countries were opposed to war,    It wai hy-
Jroclsyi for people to hold up their hands in
oly horror because enemy troops were fraternising on the eastern front. The war
partlea were fast losing tbelr grips In all
countries, and Internationalism would save
the people soon, despite what might be done
by, the militarists. When this war was over,
the workers would get to work to see to lt
that nevor again would the capitalists be
able to' plunge the world into a bloody war
1 like the present. The capitalists would be
forced to remember that in any future war
they might feel inclined to engage In, they
would hive to do the fighting themselves.
When thit state of affaire wis brougM about,
It was the end of the system of world wan.
Tii Indeed, Why?
The workers of the world would not know
everything as to tbe cauie of tbls war till
many years after It wn over. The blundering of the diplomats had caused the war, ind
would continue tbe wir. The various blue
books that had been Issued were not In
themselves a guarantee bi to tbe truth of
what they contained. Aa I matter of fact, in
Price'! "Diplomatic History of tbe War," It
waa stated that just prior to the outbreak
of the war. King George of England had
written to Prince Helnrlch of Prussia, listing he igreed that It wia right for Auitria
to invade Serbia and occupy Belgrade and
the lurrounding Serbian country until Serbia
satisfied the demands of Austria. If that
was right then, why was it wrong today 1
Why should the world be plunged Into war
jutt because a few Slavs took to killing a
ruler t
Discussion hud not concluded  when  this
dispatch left Australia.
OF GERMANY'S LOST
Will South Sea Possessions
Remain in the Hands
of Japan?
Some interesting Hints of
What Is Quite Likely
to Happen
Announcement
THE
Orpheum
CAFE
has enlarged its dining room
capacity to 135. We arc
now operating the Castle
Hotel dining room in conjunction with the Orpheum
Cafe, known as Vancouver's
specialty cafe.. Union cooks
of the first-class; day and
night.
UNION HOUSE
762 OranviUe Street
MBTAL TBADES OOUNOIL
Official Minutes of Lift Hecting ii Compiled
By Secretary Mldgley,
Labor Temple, July 8, 1917.
Meeting or the Building Tradea called to
order it 8:15 p.m., Vice-president McNeil ln
the cbiir. Minutes of the previous meeting
read and approved, A communication from
the-building tradea department containing
the department's ruling on the question of
the jurisdiction of iron and ateel ln reinforced concrete construction, In which this
class of work wis awarded to the iron work-
"1,
Moved and seconded that tho Structural
Iron Workers and Lathers bo notified of the
department's decision.    Carried.
The   following   delegates    were   present:
Painters, McNeil; Carpenters, Hardy, McDonald; Plasterers, Hush; Structural Iron
Workers, Massecar; Sheet Metal Workers,
Crawford, Fisher; Plumbers, Cowling; Laborers, Midgley; Electrical Workers, Morrison, Fraser,
Beports of Unlona,
Carpenters—Were asking for an increase
to 5614 cent! per hour from July 16th. A
numbor of their members were out of employment.
Plasterers—Trade good. Complained tbat
Carpenters wero doing pressed cement work
for tbe Dominion Construction Co. This
work belongs to the Plasterers.
Structural Iron Workers—All working.
Still having trouble with tbo reinforced concrete work on the 0, N. 11. depot.
Bheet Metal Workers—All working.
Painters—Were conducting an organtstation campaign, and securing a number of
new members.
Plumbers—Were now getting $5.00 per
day.
loved and seconded that tbe secretary
write to all Building Trades unions with
reference to joint offlce room for the Building Trades.   Carried.
Movod and seconded tbat the Building
Trades business agents be requested to hold
regular meetings in the Interests of tho Industry.   Carried.
That the business agents bo requested to
take up tho matter of the Telephone building.   Carried.
Election of Offlcers,
Chairman—Del. Hardy.
Vice-chairman—Del. Massocar,
Secretary—All nominees declined, and tho
present encumbent requested to remain In
office until his successor was elected.
Financial secretary-treasurer—Del,   Morrl-
"VICTOR B. MIDGLKY,"
Secretary.
Next mooting,  Tuesday,  July   17,     Hoom
210, Labor Temple,
OFFICIAL ATTENDANCE BOLL
OF 0ENTBAL IABOB BODY
Statistician's Beport for Meeting of Thursday. July fi.
Street Railway—?. A. Hoover, F. Haigh,
J. Kibble Mclnnea,
Brewery Workors—0. Gilbert, J. Pike.
Retail Clorks—O, I. Bruce.
Shipwrights—J. Bromfield, 0, McKoniie,
A. Prince.
Boilermakers—J. McAnlnch, W. Marshal).
Garment Workers—Miss B. P, Bennett.
Tailors—W. T. Burns.
Cooks and waiters—A. Graham.
Letter Carriers—B. Wright, J. Cass, F.
KnowleB.
Barbers—J. P. Ferris, 8. H. Orant.
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Friend, A.
J. Crawford.
Civic Firemen—A. W. Belts.
Molders* Union—J. Dickinson, A, H, Don-
lldSOQ.
Plasterers—G. Rush.
Sugar Workers—8. H. Bellamy,
Tailors—Miss H. Gutteridge.
Moving Picture Oporators—A. O. Hanson.
Eelectrlcal Workors—K. H. Morrison.
Ironworkers—-R. MasBocar.
Plumbers—F. W. Welsh.
Painters—R. Stevenson.
Olgar Makers—A. V. Tiotien, C. F. Swarti,
H. O. Kurbitt.
Civic Kinployccs—V. Midgley, Geo. Harriion.
Pattern  Makers—A. Watt, W. H. Brown.
Machinists—J. H. McVety, A. R. Towler,
G. Lyle, W. If. Hawthorn.
I. B. of S, 8. ft P. M.—A. W. Cochrane,
8. Ritchey.
I. h. A. Auxiliary—E, Winch. W. J. Gillespie, E. Tollls, P. Yatei, W. Wright.
Longshoremen—A. Tree, S. Esrp, G. Kelly,
G. Thomas.
Carpentors, U. B. of—O. C. Thom, J.
Campbell, W. Thomas, A. McDonald, G. If.
Hardy,
Amalgamated Carpenters—R. W. Jackson.
Shoe Workers—A. Collldgo.
Bricklayers—W. Pipe*.
Total, 03.
Tho valuo of working cIiihh oraanizn-
Hon la becoming moro apparent in this
provinco every weok.
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., June 10.—(Special to
Tho Federationlit.)—Easily the biggest
question being discussed in the eastern naif
of the world is "what nation Is to take over
the captured German colonies ln the Pacific (" Tbe position at the present is that
while the Australians occupy Aew Guinea and
surrounding Islands, New Zealand occupies
Samoa, the Japanese occupy the Marshall islands, the Caroline, Marianne and Pelan
groups. In the latter Islands the matter of
immigration is now taking place and that
future developments ln all tbo captured possessions will take place under Japanese, and
Australian or British jurisdiction. The Japanese bave signified tbeir intention to bold the
islands they hive captured at any cost, and
of course, in a military sense tbey have a
perfect right to do so—it would be ."lese
majeste" to aay otherwise—and there Is little doubt that a rapid Japanese expansion
will take place in tho very near future.
Japan, as has been openly stated in that
country, Is out for expansion in tbe Pacific,
which she considers as bor natural territory,
and believes In hitting while tho iron is but.'
Japan is an ally to. England, and in order to
preserve tbe good feelings It is right .that we
should admit that all slio proposes to do ia
quite right and proper. Anyhow you couldn't
think otherwise and expect to be patriotic.
So we have to acknowledge that Japan is
a leading nation at the time ot writing. They
are fast proving themselves a coming rice.
They hive arisen aB a mushroom out of the
night, and are to defy the world if necessary, it Is certainly a great and marvelous
feat for. a nation to rise in the way she haa
done within thirty yearB. Side by side with
this is the fact that our yellow ally wtll become one of the greatest manufacturing nations of the world. This rising nation is destined to take the place of Germany, which
has gone under, not only as a coloniser, but
as a manufacturer as well. So, if tbe Pacific
possessions were valuable to Germany, how
much more valuable must they be to Japan.
The fact that Britain haa ousted a white competitor and given way to a yellow one which
doesn't even observe the modern lawa of
civilisation, doesn't matter for the moment—
to the patriots.
A great authority on South Sea matters—
no less than Dr. Inner of Germany—has
been asking tbe German government to atate
its intentions as regards the future of the
South Seas. He says that Germany muat not
yield these Islands after the war Is over,
tbogh It is admitted that Japan Ib a hard nut
to crack. And be Is right. Japan la in illy
of Britain, and tbat Is why auch places are
io iecure from German invasion even if auch
a thing were possible which it la not. Japan
Ib our ally today, and we ire practically
under her protection, Japan Ib also a stronger porew than Germany now, and aa auch
cannot be In a position to do Australia or
the South Sees any barm. At least our legis
lltors say so, and they should know. I
ridicule the Idea that any harm could come
to us from i powerful Japanese licet lying
but a week's sail away. The Japs are warriors from childhood, which is perhaps another reason why they cannot do us any
harm—according to our legislators. Of course
they will look for expansion—but this is
right, Isn't ltt Every nation does that, and
why suppose that the Japs can or should remain cramped on a collection of mudbanks
when there aro places overseas where they
can stretch at will.
Tho various expressions concerning the
futuro disposition of tho Pacific islands is
interesting because in whatever is dune Australia Ih to bo more a disinterested spectator. Many high authorities aro discussing
the future ot tho Pacific Islands mainly because of the fact that they are exceedingly
rich in phosphates and other products. It
Is said that on ono Island alone (Nauru Island) thero is over $500,000,000 worth of
this rich land fertiliser, The Pacific Phosphites company holds an immense area of
heavy phosphate bearing rock which will take
ovor 20 years to work on an average yield of
80,000 tons per year. This was a German
concern before the war, but of course It Is
British now.
SHOULD HAVE FORCED
CHANGE OF OWNERSHIP
Tlio coal miners of western Canada
have returned to work iu the mines,
but the penalty clauses havo been removed from the working agreement.
Thoy do not believe in conscripted labor
and stood for their freedom of contract
as Canadian citizens.—The Voice.
Ono bunch of soldiers in Vancouver,
during tho past week, on their wuy to
the front, refused to act ns strikebreakers. Another bunch of returned
soldiers also refused to officiate in like
capacity. So what are the poor employers to do? Such exhibitions of
working class solidarity almost unnerves sueh brilliant mouth-patriots us
Sir Charles Tgppcr. It spells things
for u whole lot more of tho same kidney.   Let the good work go onl
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Bacon, allcod, per lb  30c
Ayramro Bacon 30c and 36c
18 Tbe. B. C. Sugar 11.65
Slator's Too, lti 30c
Sinter's Coffee, Ih 26c
Ape* Jam, 4-lb. Una 46c
Tomatoes, large coos, 2 for.... 20c
Evaporated Milk  10c
Jollo, 3 for 26c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
FRESH MEAT A SPECIALTY
Delivery to AU Putt
131 Hastings St East   Bay. 3262
830 Granville St.      Ser. 866
3214 Main Stmt.    Fair. 1683
Sou-Van Milk
Bhould tie ln the home of every
UNION
nun.
IS IT m YOUBS?
fair. 1824
INEXPENSIVE GARMENTS
FOR TBE MAN WHO TOILS
—lathe CARHARTT MOTTO
UNION-MADE
by our own girls
If your dealer doesn't
carry CARHARTTS
Overalls, he doesn't
think much of you.
ftntti-mdg
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or Overcoat.
$18.00 to $40.00
THOMAS & McBAIN
865 GRANVILLE STREET
sm Sole Agents for Vancouver
THE NANAIMO
COAL
BEBT QUALITY
BEST PBIOE
BEBT SERVICE
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
FOOT COLUMBIA AVENUE
Seymonr 2888
Uptown Offlee:
407 OBANVILLE STBEET
Seymonr 226
PRINTING
COWAN tl BBOOKHOUSE
Lahor Temple Press    Sey. 4480
Poultry Wanted
BEST PBIOES
HARRYSTEVENS
Phont Seymoar 1097
910 OranviUe Bt
Street Railway
Service
is only possible when conditions are such
that it is possible to operate.
If the public needs the street railway—and
the strike has proved that they do—they
must make it possible for the street railway
to live.
Unfair competition, restriction, heavy taxes
and inadequate revenue all tend to make it
impossible for a street railway to give
service.
If you value the service, see that the street
railway is fairly dealt with and enabled to
make as reasonable a return as you demand
in any other business.
0£6&&xfcic
m gganeHMMMMin
PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
...July 18, 1917
Timely News of Camp
Furniture
FOLDING CAMP COTS—All steol, with link fubric spring  S3.65
CAMP COT—Wood frame, folding legs, woven wire spring  82.25
, ROLL-UP 11ATTEBS8—Filled with cotton felt, for nbove eots $2.50
OLD HICKORY CHAIRS—For gurdens, luwns und porches, $2.90 to $10
CANVAS DECK CHAIRS—With urms, rcclinig buck, udjustuble to four
positions, 81.50; with foot rest, price 81*90
TELESCOPE CAMP CHAIRS—CunvuB seat und buck, folds flnt.   Regular $1.50.   To clcur ! '. 85c
CANVAS CAMP STOOLS  40c
With bnck    '. 60c
FOLDING CANVAS CAMP COTS—Prices  $1.76, $2.25, $2,90
FOLDING CAMP TABLES—Size 20x20.   Prico $2.00
—Third Floor
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
The Height
of Delight
IN hot weather when the appetite is
just a little off, and' there's a desire
for the cooLand refreshing, try
NABOB TEA, Ice Cold
Prepare as usual. Pour over cracked
ice, sweeten to taste and serve.
It hits the spot. You are sure to like
it.
Kelly, Douglas & Company Limited
Vancouver, B. C.
Visit the Beauty Spots
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the fol-,
lowing places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS     "       "   35c
EAGLE HARBOR      "       "   40c
LARSON'S RANCH      "       "   50c
WHYTECLIFFfor
HORSESHOE BAY  ......    "       "  50c
Excellent accommodation tor picnic parties.   For further
particulars phone Sey. 9547.
Passenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN EEID, Proprietor
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND ENGINEERS
Manufacturer! of
STRUCTURAL and ORNAMENTAL
IRONWORK
Offlct ud Worki: Taath Straat NEW WESTMINSTER, B. O.
ELECTRIC nXTOBES tl OOST
PBIOU
See nt and aava monay.
The Jarru Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Bldwrdi Straet
EL DORO
CIGARS
McLEOD, NOLAN & CO.
MAKERS
LONDON, ONT.
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
conditions
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
For Sale Everywhere.
D. J. ELMER
Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vancouver, B. O.
MAJESTIC CONCHAS
2 fpr 25c 3 for 25c
ACTUAL SIZES
Interested in Next Move.
Editor li. O, Federationist: I aee by tlio
capitalist sheets of Portland, that the Canadian federal house has passed conscription.
1 understand thut the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada has declared fer a general
strike In the-event of conscription being
pussod. WIU yoa kindly enlighten me en
thiB matter. 1 happened to be brought into
this .world In England, and Jived iu Canada
tive years, and did not take out puperi here,
so I am stiii a BrltlBh object, and um vitally
interested in the attitude ef orgunized lubor.
1 certainly hope you will net meekly submit
to thu powers that be, a la Uompurs in Ibis
freo land. . 1 remembor reading un article in
The ll. V. FederatloniBt about I'-H.i (taken
from a Chicago paper, I believe), containing
Count Tolstoi's prophecy of u world wur.
Could you send uie a copy, er belter still,
publish the article once more. .Not thut 1
beltovu It will last twenty years, but because
it Illustrates the ovonomiu cause of the wur.
i'ersunally, 1 expect to Jive to see the cooperative commonwealth, but X realize there
are Jots of obstacles In the way. Hut to my
mind, the chief one Is, that thu common plug*
cannot sou that war Is the logical outcome ui
the competitive system. It is u sure thing
If capitalist!) survives this preKont wur, -Jupun
und China will bu thu powers to dcnti ten or
twenty years from now. 'Nuff uud. Now, if
you have a back copy containing Tolstoi's
prophecy, kindly scuu me urn*, or if you feel
like mpubliMliiug same, better still. If you
cannot do either, kindly let me know tin*
ii time uf thu paper it was Ilrst published In.
i unclose $1. Kindly send mo The Federu-
tioulst.
J. S,
Arlington, Oregon, July 7.
Urges Preparation.
Kdilor Federutlonlst: 4 goneral election
with conscription as tho Issue is now u certainty, mid cumpaigu preparations can not
be begun too soon uy tuose opposed to compulsory sorvico. The recent vote ou the referendum amendment lit the House of Commons demonstrated thut no reliaili!u cun be
pluced upou Liberals, us such, to oppose
itiu policy of Burden. It is, therefore, Imperative thut a Lubor candidate, or a
straight aiitl-couscnptioulst citodldutu, run
In every constituency outside of Quebec unless thu Liberal candidate put up uuiiouuces
himself us opposed lo couscriptiuii. If this
is not done wu shall find in many constituencies that those voters who arc opposed to
conscription—the majority of voters in the
country us it will bu proven—will be obliged to voto Liberal even though the candidate hus announced himself as iu favor of
conscription. They will, therefore, be iu tho
unhappy position of having to vote for a
policy of which they disapprove. Undoubtedly this is one of thu reasons why Burdeu
prefers uu eleetion to a referendum.
In order to ascertain the real wishes of
the people of Canada on tho issue of conscription it Is essential that an anti-conscription candidate run in every constituency, in
view, therefore, of the coming general ulectlon, tho Labor party of Canada should, as
soon as possible, hold a convention at a convenient point, say Montreal, to formulate
policies und plans to combat conscription,
tt is, without doubt, the greatest opportunity
that the Labor party has had for a generation tu become a power In Canada, as In
Australia, and with such an issue, the outcome of it may well be that Labor may bo-
come the dominant factor at Ottawa in the
next parliament. Fur, make no mistake
about this—conscription is not popular, and
will not command a majority in English-
speaking Canada. I write as one who voices
the opinion of the average voter, 1 believe,
not necessarily he who has been affiliated
with Labor in the past. But Immediate action Is necessary; and the Labor party may
rest ussured thut a national call for campaign contributions will meet with an Immediate response throughout Canada and
from every element.   Yours, etc.
"J. K. C."
Vancouver, B. C, July 7, 1917.
DO IT NOW
Get busy and bare your old bicycle
made like new. We will enamel and
make your wheel look Ilka new from
95.60 up.   All kinds of repairs at
HASKINS at ELLIOTT
616-518 How* HiitlofS 418
First-hand News From Butte.
Editor B. C. Fedorationist; Enclosed flnd
a few Bulletins' published by the nuw Metal
Mine Workers1 union. No doubt you have
heard, through tho columns of the kept
press, of the outlawed bunch of I, VV. W.'s,
anarchists and what not, on strike in Butte,
regardless of the fact that for tho last three
yeurs the bosses have been boasting of how
ihey succeeded in driving out the L VV. W.
element through tbo rustling card system.
Notwithstanding this fact, as soon as the
miners silently walked out thu whole body,
of which there are about 15,mm, wei* brand'
ed us 1. W. W.'s, anureliists and uutluws in
general.
Of course, tho working class needs never
to expect any semblance of fuir play through
the newspapers, but these mental prostitutes
of Buttu huve anything beat that uver came
off a press, so much so, that evon the newsboys havo refused to sell them and came out
on strike. This Is why wo have to print our
own Bulletins and silently pass them around.
We dare not be seen distributing thorn. Only
yesterday ono of our members" was arrested
at tho door of our meeting placo for passing
ono to a porson who asked to see it, Of
course, said person was a gunman with anothor' gunman behind him who did the arresting.
This Ib only one of the many schemes
adopted by the powers that bo with their
gunmen, "of which tho town is full," to
start trouble, but so far they havo not been
successful In starting anything.
lt is tho greatest and most peaceful strike
ever conducted in this country. The men
are behaving splendidly, keeping away from
the saloons and refraining from becoming exulted over anything and ure going about their
own business with a confident smile, sure of
victory.
Of course, this trouble has been brewing
for some time, but tbe horrible disaster here
a short whilo ago was the match thot started the blase. We are demanding tho abolition of tho rustling card system, $(i pur .day
and bettor Inspection of mines, tho reinstatement of all blacklisted men and the remedying of some other minor grievances. We are
now out three weeks and are determined to
stay out until our demands are granted.
It is to be a fight to a finish on both sides.
On tho miners' Bide, knowing as we do
that If we go down to defeat, unionism Is
forever doomed In Butte.
On the company's side, knowing they aro
playing thoir last card, and if tho miners
win out in this and organize a strong union,
wo will be the dictators Instead of being dictated to,
I could go on and write you for hours
concerning tbis struggle, but as I have given
you an idea of the main Issues so you can
mako It known to your different organisations, 1 do not deem It necessary to go Into
any more details,
A. 8. McPHEE,
Butte, Mont., July 4, 1917.
them are and some of them are as black as
coal, for any worker tbat hasn't yet learned
that nationality outs no figure in these days
of international slavery, has a brain as black
as the dark ages.
After the walkout had been in effect two
or three days, straw bosses began to come to
town to persuade these self-styled white men
tu go back to work, us they were .going to
get rid of the round head and square head,
and run a white camp, and strauge to say
that some of them swallowed the dope like a
duck swallowing a frog, all in a lump.
Once more  i  want to point out to  the
orkcrs that regardless ol sex, nationality
r any other thing, your interests are one,
your position is tho same, although some of
you are a little better paid tban others. You
havo only one enemy, that enemy is the
master class. With that class you have no
relationship. You are as fur apart bb the
poles, and the gap cannot become narrower
until you aot aa a class, and for once and
for all timo throw off the shackles thut binds
you, and step forth a free people, In a free
world.
And yet another strange thing has happened here. Glancing through the oditorial
column of the Islander, I sue that lots of
miners here are making $10 per day and
won t work more than half time for fear
Ihey can't spend It all.
They work steady, i wish tho editor had
come through with thut information three
weeks earlier, for he might have saved the
province a little expense* For we had the
compensation board here to explain to the
miners the bill and the function of the
board, and also inquiring if the miners and
operators couldn't strike un average, so as
to make the work of tho board a little lighter
and get through the cases a little quicker. I
hope the board has seen this acknowledgment of Editor Bickle's, for If he doesn't
know what the miners are making, nobody
else does. He has been tin' general manager
of this company for a number of years, and
1 hope the board can find out a way tu act
accordingly, for 910 per day is easily reckoned. Thut ought tu bu an easy average to
figure  compensation ou.
1 am also told tbat1 the Canadian Collerles,
Ltd., is advertising for 40U inun. This Is
another strange thing for any porson would
naturally think that thero couldn't be a
shortage of men when $lu per day was tho
prevailing wage, but anyhow 1 hope tho 400
men come and bring that little slip of paper'
with them culled a union card. We will make
them welcome on less than $10.
JOS. NAYLOR.
Cumberland- B. C, July 2, 1917.
The obligation to recite the titles of an offlcbr
when addressing him is abolished; the terms
Mr. Genera), Ur. Lieutenant are substituted,
etc.
"Officers and soldiers must observe the
rules of politeness, and are obliged to address
tbeir men by the term 'you,' instead of
thou.' Soldiers havo the right of organizing themselves, No soldier can be punished
without trial. All punishments offensive to
the dignity and honor of the soldiers, aud
torturing, or harmful to his health are prohibited. <N, B. The following are abolished—(a) Degradation without trial; <b) Exclusion from promotion). Several punishments not enumerated in the regulations, but
In use under the old regime, are considered
as criminal tortures . . . (e. g. the prolonged repetition of a painful gymnastic exercise). Thoso guilty of these practices
must be reported to the tribunals.
"Sergeants guilty of striking a soldier
must be court-martialled and suspended before their trial.
"All corporal punishments are abolished
without exception. No case of corporal punishment either at the front or the base is to
remain unpunished. Any officer henceforth
who punishes a soldier muat be ...
suspended. If he be guilty, the tribunal
must not condemn him to a lesser penalty
than degradation to tho ranks.    .    .    ."
Tlie Tide Is Turning.
Editor Federationist: I gcoiitly appreciate your papers, mid 1 note with
pleasure your uncompromising attitude
towards capitalism. Ia England, after
two-and-a-half yours of repressive
measures against Labor and socialist
activities, 1 beltovc tke tide is turning.
Tho Munitions Acts (which nullified
the luw of supply and demand when it
veered round to assist the workor),
high prices and conscription, havo been
the chief factors in creating unrest
amongst the workers. '
The rocont strike in the engineering
trade rolieved somewhat, the peutup
feelings of thc men, and the government is climbing down.
The wnr hus provided the English
workers with some object lessons,.uud
as a result of their experiences syndicalism is roceiving a tremendous fillip.
Committees, similar to one whose manifesto I enclose, are springing up all
ovor the country, und will bo a force
to be reckoned with. They will compel the officials to adopt always, a militant attitude.
This movement, confined at present
to the engineering industry, is bound
to sprcud to other industries. Theso
committees, I am sure, form the genesis
of the locul industrial unions, und the
demand that organization be based
upon industry grows louder daily.
T. CAVANAOH.
Manchester.
From B. O. F. of L. President.
Kdilor B, C. Federatlonist: What strange
peoplo, strange ideas, and still stranger actions, there are on this little isle of the west,
known aa Vancouver Island. A few weeka
ago Ihe slaves, or to bo correct, I should say
moat of them, of the Fraser Hiver hogging
company took a notion that they wore underpaid for that commodity which the logger
seems to have an abundance of, physical
labor power, I don't go much ou his mental
makeup, (that is tho average stiff) but It
seems that even in the backwoods thero appears now aud again a little common sense
and a little collective action. After a few
days' Btrike they were able to draw from
their masters a little more of what they and
their cluss had produced.
Most people know that the loggors are liko
tlio minors in one reBpect. They are composed of men from all countries and carry
with them In moBt Instances the traditions
that are prevalent In tho land wherein they
were born. But thanks to travel, experience
and different environments, they by and by
become more or less educated to their own
position and the position of their fellow
workers In society. And it seems that this
walkout at tbe Fraser river logging campa
was pushed onto tho shoulders of the foreign
speaking logger, who was, as la always the
case, put duwn as an unarchfst and agitator,
But In reality they aro only men with a little
moro courage, and a littlo more common
sense than tho majority of slaves,
I suppose  that most of  these men when
J lulling out hit for Vancouver, but quite a
ew came to Cumberland. The majority, however, that came hero were that portion that
boost themselves up as white men.    Some of
The manifesto referred to is us follows:
Joint Engineering Shop Stewards' Committee
—Salford Dlatrlct.
MANIFESTO
Fellow Workers: The repoated slighting
by the powors that be of our official efforts
to keep pace with the increasing cost of
existence, the Introduction and rapid growth
of tho dilution of labor, the strenuous efforts
of the Employers' Federation to consolidate
their position aud increase their power ovor
tho workers, aud the manifest inability of
the Hectionallzod Trado Union leaders to copo
'With thu situation, should prove tu us the
necessity of making some strong, organised,
rank and file effort to stop the rot which
threatens the life of the trade union movement, and the liberties of the workers.
Tho present official trade union machinery
has been stultified by the passing of various
government measures.
Tho employors and their parliamentary
mouthpieces aro afoot with other measures
which aim at making that stultification operative for tho tlmu of peace, which will
sooner or later come.
Government measures of industrial conscription, compulsory arbitration and compulsory trade unionism all tremble in the
balanco, and it needs no stretch af Imagination to picture the lifo of the workers under
such  measures.
Organisation of craftsmen and workers In
tho engineering industry ' as members of
various trade unions has long passed Its
useful stage.   •
Tho time for amalgamation of the unions,
and the organisation of the workers on tho
linos of clnss solidarity, has arrived, and is
overdue
Be content to muddle through, and nothing
can stop your economic enslavement. Unite,
nnd with nn organized voice demand your
place In the sun, and your emancipation Ib
assured.
Realizing   this,   the   above  committee has
been formed, comprising shop representatives
of all shops in the Salford district and adjacent districts,    it objects nnd rules are:
Objects.
1, Tho support of existing shop organisation and the institution of stewards and sbop
committees in all shops not already organised.
2. Co-operation with similar organizations
in other Industrinl centres.
H. The joint adoption of n united policy
to meet nny Industrial crisis.
Bttlii
I. The name shall bo "The Joint Engineering Shop Stewards' Committee."
'£. Associate membership cards shall be issued and the minimum contribution to bo
one penny per month.
II. Thnt each shop committee elect a representative who shall net as delegate to Ihe
joint  committee,   which   shall  meet  nl   least
co a month.
4. Convenors shall cnll a shops' committee
meeting, immediately after the joint committee meetings, to report business,
.1. Workshops committees shall attempt to
doal with domestic matters before reporting
samo to joint cotntnlltee.
(i. The joint committee shall only tnke up
matters to light nfter the ordinary tradu
union methods have failed.
Members nre requested tu attend to their
membership dues, and so assist the shop
steward.
Associate membership Is open to all workers In the industry, A minimum contribution
of one penny per month is all you aro asked
ly.
..a thereforo appeal to you to bury your
craft prejudice, to recognise the position
that is being forced upon us by the march
of events, und to organise yourselves as
workers on a class basis; and so bo enabled
to successfully combat the class which aims
at your complete subjection.
Workers 1   House ye, and live I
Yours fraternally,
THB COMMITTEE.
Fords Selling Bapldly.
'The sales of Ford curs among workinginon are decidedly on the Increase," said Mr.
Pinner of the Universal Cur Cu. yesterday.
"Of course, one of the reasons for this fact
Ib that the car is offered nt a low price and
on favorable terms. But wu could never have
done the business we have done witb workingmen were it not for tbe fact thta the cnr
'stands up' under all conditions. Wu have
sold, for instance, some cars to men employed
in the mechanical trades—mon who understand whether by practical experience the
necessary makeup 'or a reliable car—and
theso men haxe expressed the greatest satisfaction with the cur. And they ought tu
know. The fact that the Ford is the popular
car Ib also shown by the fact that over half
of the cars—taking all makes into account—
sold in Britisli Columbia are Fords." In
closing, Mr. Pinner referred lo the prices
now charged for Fords, stating that conditions were such that no guarantee as to Ihe
maintenance of tbe present prices for any
definite period conld be given. ***
Tho most suspicious circumstance
that has come to our notice recently
is that up to the presont momont no
ono has proclaimed ns a fact that tho
firemen's strike of lust Saturday iu this
city was instigated by the "Huns."
Can it be that our esteemod daily press
is itself becoming "pro-German" and
thus deliborutely ignores the most glaring evidences of I'lUuian intrigue that
are occurring right under its nose! It
is painful to surmise that its htgh-
cluss. probity maintained for yenrs has
at last been seduced from the path of
virtue by the uccursed gold of our
country's enemies. The mayor should
set his famous "stools" upon the caso
und bring these muchinutions—if any
thero bfl—to an end, even as ho did
the nfter-ho'ars delivery of booze
through tho teapots snout, by the con-
nubiuting whisky retailors of tho city
last winter.
THB SOLDIERS' DECLARATION OF
RIGHTS
[Avanti (Milan, Socialist), May 11
. . . tho text ot tho soldiers' declaration of rights ns formulated In a conference
held at Petrograd, by tbo executive committee of tho offlcors ot the Petrograd garrison, the executive committee of tbe Workors'
and Soldiers' delegates, the delegates of tho
fortress and fleet of Petrograd, and of tho
republican offlcors.
"Soldiers are to possess tho full rights of
citizens. A soldier can be a member of any
political, national, religious, economic or professional organization as Well as of any association or league. A soldier has tho right
to express his political or religious rnnvio-
tions orally (N. B,, obligatory prayers are
abolished, together with other restrictions of
conscience),
"The relations between offlcors and men
must correspond to their dignity as citlsens.
Tho term 'lower ranks' is abolished; the
term soldier must be used. . . . ln tho
non-combatant and other corps not forming
part of the army (and only exceptionally In
the combatant corps), soldiers aro allowed to
acl| ns servants to their officers In return for
fixed wages. Officers' servants cnn contlnito
lo look after their horses only during the
duration of tho war, but can do no other
servico.
"All obligatory military salutes within and
without   tho   ranks   are   abolished.   ,
Labor is becoming honorable. Its
dignity is becoming recognized by elements iu human society that have
hencoforth held aloof from too close
associution with it. Silk-gowned women at Deal, N. J., are now willing
workers in a pa jama factory. These
factory'slaves are members of tho Now
Jersey Coast Auxiliary-nt-Lurge of the
Atluutic Division, American Red Cross.
The pajamas made are not to be sold
to the poor, however, as theirs aro supplied through inheritance from their
ancostors. The pajama-makors are the
wives of men prominent in the business
und professiouul lifo of New York.
Strange to say, though not affiliated
with the American Federation of Labor; their working days ure ono per
week und thoy ride to and from their
"labor" in limousines. Mr. Gompers'
attention should bo called to the matter, as it is rumored thut they ure
I.W.W.% financed by "Hun" monoy,
n» a part of tho wicked scheme of the
German kaiser to make tho world unsafe for democracy. Tako it ull uround,
it looks very suspicious. Mr. Gompers
should, ufter consulting John D. Rockefeller, Jr., und Mr. Guggenheim, take
such steps us may appear necessury in
order that tho fair name of organized
labor be kept untarnished. That factory may turn out pajumas without tho
union label, for ull wo know. Every
union man should keep his eyo poelcd.
"Tho United States people havo
made moro display of thoir flag than
we havo. We hnvo until recontly almost wholly confined our flag to public
occasions and public institutions," says
Rev. R, G. MucBcth in Westminster
Review. It would seem-thut u decent
respoct for the Aug of uny country,
thut is if the institutions and goneral
policy of that country woro entitled to
respoct ut the hands of its citizens,
would undor no circumstances bo displayed except upon' publio occasions
und over public institutions. But we
havo taken notice thut tho flags of
both Brituin and the United Statos
have been put to overy vulgar commer-
ciul uso thut could bo hatched from
tho fertile brnin of tho trader in, goods
and merchandise. These flags havo
beon used us a cover for ovory. can-
ccivnble charituble bumming und bilking scheme intnginuble, aud it is no
uncommon thing to sec thoso flags sold
iu tho market place just the same as
chewing tobacco, skunk skins or old
junk. If anything further could be
done to reduce u country's emblem to
a lower or more vulgnr level, it is extremely difficult to imagine what it
would be. No Intel thnn two weeks
since sumo hundreds of womon woro
upon the streets of this nnd othor cities
all of one Saturday peddling tho union
jack, perhaps less noisily but no less
impudently than newsboys huwk tho
vulgar wares of the daily press. And
let it be not forgotten that this vulgarization of national emblems has not
beea the work of Socialists and other
supposed seditious and evil-disposed
persons, but by thoso whose loftiest
motives express themselves in. commercial morality und commercial ethics.
Thoir patriotism and lovo of country is
fully expressed by the sort of respoct
thoy show for that country's emblem.
Aak tor this Labal whan purchasing Bear,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee thlt It la Union
Made. Thla ia onr Label
<5ell
la mon oopc
acoo.
"THE BEER WITHOUT A PEER"
So popular because it's so good. Cascade is brewed of the
highest grade B. 0. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the publio, \
WHEN YOU BUY CASCADE YOU
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material baok of it.
TRT A DOZEN PINTS AND BE CONVINCED
BREWED AND BOTTLED AT THE BREWERY
- FOR SALE EVERYWHERE -
Vancouver Breweries Limited
ST. REGIS HOTEL
_ M. E. McCOY, Manager
A MODERN HOTEL
EUROPEAN PLAN
POPULAR PRICES
FIRST-CLASS CAFE
SEYMOUR and DUNSMUIR STS.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE
PASSENOER FARES
TO
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODERN EQUIPMENT—COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUR NEAREST AGENT OR WRITE
DISTRICT PASSENOER AOENT, 606 HASTINOS W., VANOOUVER
Telephone Seymour 2482
TRADES UNIONISTS-IB THE MILK SUPPLIED TO TOUB HOME
DELIVERED BT UNION LABOB?
LT lt a not call up thi
BeaconsfieldHygienicDairy
PHONE FAIBMONT 1697
or drop a card to our offlee, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue Eaat.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR EXCLUSIVELY
WE GUARANTEE TO OIVE TOU SATISFACTION—GIVE US A CALL
Coming to the
ORPHEUM
MONDAY JULY 16
Mr. Con Jones Presents
THE DEEMSTER
Starring Derwent HaU Caine
With a Splendid English Company
EXCELLENT
DIRECTION
ALL  WEEK
2:30-8:30
IMPRESSIVE
PHOTOGRAPHY
Fascinating Musical Score by Orpheum Peerless
Orchestra.
This long-heralded picturization of Hall Caino's famous novel
has been secured by Mr. Jones at a price never before offered
for a photoplay in Vancouver. Thc scenes were all tnken on
the Isle of Man.
A SCREEN VERSION OF A WONDERFUL
BOOK
10—REELS--10
Soldiers' Benefit
Matinee IBo, 25c
RIGHT PRICES
Two Shows Daily
Night .15c, 25c, 36c, SOo FBIDAT,
..July 13, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
Our Pre-inventory
CLEARANCE
SALE
is now on
—it offers everything in the store at reduced prices with the exception of grocer- -
ies, wines and spirits and contract lines.
Buy Now and Save
jSP^Iud son'sBauComjmnj}. M
SOME rOURTH OF JULY NEWS
FROM UNCLE SAM'S RANCH
(Continued from page 1)
;H Granville and Georgia Streets     [•!
!.»'<
Inefficiency
in the mouth
•'Quality Denlhlry"
cannot bo tolerated by he who lives by tho power of his muscle, brain and norve. Every one singlo cavity in the teeth otters
a haven for tho gorms of decay that will steadily wear the
body down.
The Cost of
Dentistry
Naturally onough you will want to know how much attention
to your teoth will cost yoa. I cannot tell you here except to
say that every resource is at your disposal in my office and at
a cost that is surprisingly low.
Tel. Sey. 2715 for an examination.
Suita 202
Bank of Ottawa
Doctor Grady
"The Quality Dmtitt"
602 Hastings Street West
Offlces optn
Tues.  k Fri. Ev'ga.
Dependable Paints
—FOR—
Spring Painting
We solicit your paint orders for your
Spring Painting. Our stock of paints,
brushes, emanols, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
HUNTER-HENDERSON PAINT CO.
642 OBANVILLE BTBBET
For tho boBt part of a year wo have
been manufacturing baby carriages in Vancouver. Designed on scientific lines by mon
of long experience, and mado of selected
B. C. and Canadian materials. Those local
tiara excel tho very finest cars that were
ever imported into tho Provinco.
Safe — comfortable — sanitary. Handsome in appoaranco-   Moderate in cost.
English style Oars from 119.75
Illustrated Catalogue post free.
Shaw's Baby Cars
PANAMA HATS
A full line of Natural and White Bleached Panamas. The very
latest designs from New York, including that new Felt Brim
Panama. Shapes suitable for young and old at this exclusive
HAT store.
You will do well to come in and try onc on.
Panamas $4.00 and Up
Straws $1.50 to $4,00
CALHOUN & OSTROSSER
THE EXCLUSIVE HATTERS
61 Hastings Street East
WINNIPEG VANCOUVEB OAIOABY
All Day Cruise Among the Beautiful
Mountains of Howe Sound
Three steamers leavo tho Union dock daily at 0.15 a.m. Sunday at
10.30 a.m. calling at Bowen Island, Britannia Mines, Squamisb and way
points at 7. 30 p.m.
MEALS ON BOARD
A steamor will leave tho Union dock on Saturdays at 2 p.m. for
Bowen Island direct, and leave Bowen Island at 6.30 a.m. Monday.
With our splendid hotel sorvico, this makes a delightful week-end.
SUNDAY SPECIAL $1.00 BOUND TRIP, ALL POINTS
Terminal Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.
Phone Stymour 6330*6331
Ride Baby in a "B.C." Car
diers' Council were actually in control
of the nation, and that  Russia was
fast becoming an industrial democracy,
while the "red flag" of internationalism was everywhere displayed.   He
Btated that the Duma was the political
machine of the capitalist class but that
the   Workers'  Council  represents the
revolution and that the basis of the
society in Ruuia is economic and industrial; that this process of revolution
follows exactly the lines that Marx laid
down in the ''Communist Manifesto,"
written seventy years ago.   He further
stated that the socialists of this coun*
try have no right to feel discouraged,
but had every reason to know that
.their philosophy and idealism is based
on facts and experience,  and    every
reason to believe that the great consummation of their hopes, and efforts
iB near at hand,   Mr. Steffens assured
Eastman that Russia was in control
of the socialists and syndicalists, and
if we could imagine it hero, it would
be a union of tne socialist party and
the I. W. W.; of political and industrial
action.   He, moreover, stated that we
ahould not judge the "anarchy"   in
Russia as described by our daily press.
As far aB the capitalists were concerned, the country waa certainly "ruined,"
as it should be.   Tho workers are confiscating the landed estates and the industries.    When the corporations, for
instance, declare a lockout, on account
bf the demand of 100 per cent, increase
in wages, the   workers   immediately
start operation in their own interests.
The soldiers, the police and the judges
are of and for the people, not for the
"PIuteB" as thoy are here.   The result
iB, there is practically no violence or
bloodshed, for the workors control the
state.   The political    and    industrial
machine aro working in harmony and
production is more and moro being carried on for uso instead of for profits.
Once moro the owners of the tools of
production and thoso who- operate them
are one and the same, aB it must be
everywhere, boforo we can have a world
of peace and plenty.
No Paris Commune Butchery Possible.
Max Eastman informed    us that it
was feared that a massacre similar to
that of the Paris Commune   in 1871,
might destroy tho democracy of Russia, but, he says it is not possiblo, even
if tho capitalists of Russia united with
the remnants of autocracy they would
only bring destruction upon themselves,
and in spite of Mr. Root and his check
book, capitalism is fast becoming uprooted   ia   Russia.    Tlie peoplo have
learned a great lesson through bitter
and bloody experience, and thoy will
not forgot.
Evon if the rulers of our "gallant
allies" of Britain and Japan united
with the forces of Prussianism to invade Russia and destroy its democracy
it could not' affect the results. They
hnve now something worth fighting for,
but seeing the "hand-writing on tho
wall," thoy might ondenvor to provent
this fiory revolt from spreading, but
tho common people ore overywhere
awakening and instead of forcing Russia backward, it would rather mean a
world-wide upheaval by the workors
which would seal thc doom of exploitation and enable mankind to enter upon
a real democracy nnd a true civilization.
Lloyd George'3 Peace Terms to Blame.
The speakor believed that the peace
tortus outlined by Lloyd George last
spring are responsible for tho continuance of thc wur nnd the unity of the
Central powers. Robbing Germany, of
her colonies and trado und driving Turkey out of Europe is enough to '.mite
those people and induce them to fight
to tho bittor end. He stated thnt ns
soon as the allies accept the terms
specified by new Russia, thc terms not
of "statesmen" but of workers, the
democracy of Germany and of Austria
would do to thoir rulors exuetly what
tho peoplo of Russia did to theirs.
Incidents Worth Remembering,
Mr. Eastman wanted to know by
what authority the people of Turkoy
should be driven out of Europo. They
had been there many centuries, and
nations cannot be made democratic
through the pressuro of their outside
enemy, but by inside influences, and
Turkey is today undergoing an industrial and economic evolution just like
other nations. If Turkey murdered
Armenians, did not the Fronch murder their rulers in tho Roign of Terror
and thousands of their working cluss of
the Paris commune; did not tho Czar's
Cossacks massacro Jews and slaughter
men, women and children on Bloody
Sunday; have not the soldiers of Britain shot down strikers and have not
the gunmen in the "land of tho free"
dono the same on numerous occasionsV
Every war is an atrocity. They aro all
based on plunder. Truly, "people who
live ia glass houses should not throw
stones." In Japan tbey shoot men simply for being socialists, and in thia
country thoy have recently murdered
men, women and children apparently
because of tho color of their skin.
Our "kept press" should remember
that thero are many facts in history
ao recent and prominent that wo remember them, and thnt the news and
viewa prescribed in the interest of their
maatera are today being aubjectcd to
criticism. Thoy "enn't fool all the
pooplo all tho timo."
TBADES AND LABOR
CONOBESS OF CANADA
(Continued from page 1)
Labor Should Learn It Cannot "Serve Both God
and Mammon"
Junkers of the World Cannot Make War a Permanent Industry
(0.   8.  SHAW ti  CO.)
001 Robson Street, Vancouver
[Patrick M. Stanley, Melbourne, Aus.]
I do not ahare in tbe pessimism which
has been so loud in tbe land since May
5.
'Notwithstanding the present darkness, most signs favor the democracy.
Doubtless ,there will bo a period of
acute hardship; but this experience will
teach many who have refused to listen
to the voice of truth. The Labor party
simply had to lose ita majority. The
only thing I regret ia that the said majority was not lost in being militantly
Laboristic, instead of in being blatantly
Jingoistic. Lubor should know that it
cannot serve two masters. We "cannot
serve God and Mammon." So when it
comes to a time like the present, Labor
men should be perfectly content to go
down defending a humane and righteous
programme against the mad prejudices
of a passing day.
A Labor leader is courting suspicion
and destruction when he, for votes,
commences to pander to the vices of
capitalism. Let the capitalists apologize for their own crimes, or commend
their continuance Tho hands of Labor
should be froe from crimson stains.
Somo of tho Labor men whb have lost
their seats have been victims of the
ridiculous Jingoism which they, perhaps unintentionally/ helped to inculcate into the public mind. Verily, they
have had their reward, and I trust they
will benefit by it.
If we had been successful, the parliamentary party would have beaten itself
during the next three years. Capitalists
have made the present trouble, and it
is right that thoy ahould take the responsibility. I would be sorry to see
good Labor men trying to administer
tho nffnirs of Australia during tho next
three years.
Taken in the right spirit, thia "defeat" will prove a blessing to the working class movemont. It will enable
Labor to "cleanse its soul of m'uch perilous matter." When I Bay the Laoor
party had to lose itp majority, I hiean
that the psychology created by tho war
is in every country so destructive of democratic thought and action, thnt no
party in Austrnlin could successfully
stand ngainst it and remain in any proper sense a working class organizntion.
Everywhere the modern war Bpirit tends
to strangle democracy. If the world's
present condition could be made permanent, democracy would in n litle while
cease to be.
Fortunately for humanity, the junkers of the world cannot establish the
slaughter businoss as a permanent industry, consequently, n fuller democracy
is nearer than many people think. Not
only will rntionnl democratic thought
return with peace, but the oppressivo
and unjustifiable nd ministration of the
presont fusion will bo certain to
crontet a fierce reaction, which in three
years—or six at the most—will send
Labor, vital and purified, back to tho
helm of state in Australia. Let us get
back to pure, unadulterated Laborism,
and for the next three years vigorously
promulgate a sound working class policy, which, in spite of tho "Age" and
other poisonous capitalist organs, will
place us in command at thc next elections. Let us not forget tbe pregnant
words of Henry Lawson:
"Tho  world   shall   yet   be  a   wider
world—
For the tokens arc manifest;
East and north shall the wrongs bo
hurled
That followed us south and west."
two oldest provinces and the rising cities scattered over the Dominion have
all had their turns. This year we come
to Ottawa, the capital of the country.
It is highly befitting that the Congress
should assemble in Ottawa during this
anniversary year of 1917. This is the
fiftieth anniversary of Confederation,
and the capital is the point towards
which aU eyes turn during theBe twelve
months. Moreover, Ottawa has been
since early spring, and especially during the summer of 1917, tne centre of
attraction for all who are interested in
the future of this Dominion. Without
rehearsing the important political events that have had their storm-centre
in Ottawa during the post months, it is
clear to the last reflecting that the
capital haB been the stage whereon the
various acts in the moat momentous
drama in the records of Canada has
been played. And in somo of these a
not insignificant part has been taken by
the representatives of Organized Labor. Not only is Ottawa thus afforded,
this year an opportunity of noting the
advancement made in the domain of
Labor, but we might say that the entire country, whose representatives
have gathered in the capital during
theso months of grave deliberation, can
learn better than elsewhere the history of the Congreaa and ita achievements as well as the needs of the Labor
world expounded at its meetings. Hence
the hope this year's meeting in Ottawa
will be fruitful of very important and
beneficial reaults for all interested in
the welfare of the workers and in the
ever increasing importance of the Labor
movement in Canada.
A. R. BAKER
DENTIST
407 HASTINGS ST. WEST
Phone Sey. 2229.
Close Saturday 1 p.m.
A Straw Hat or a Panama
—it the thing theae hot atjs.
Let Old Sol shine and smile on yon.   Ton '11 enjo<
the "amile" ud temper the "thine" is t '
•on A Fotti 8tr»w or Fl
Men's Panamas ....
Ladies' Panamas ,'.
Men's Straws	
. $6.00 ud up
 $6.00
 .... 11.00 to $6.00
RICHARDSON & POTTS, Ltd.
417 OranviUe Street, new Oor. Haitingi
STREETRAILWAYMEN LINING
UP IN ALL COAST CITIES
(Continued from Page One)
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from
all Boats, Trains, and any
part of the oity.
Furniture
Moving
by Experts
Pianos Moved
and Hoisted
Storage and Packing
Phone us day or night
Seymour 605 and 405
Great Northern
Transfer
Q. N, Railway
Main Street
The foregoing udvico also applies to
the coming Ottawa convention of tho
Trados and Labor Congress of Canada.
Delegate Cottrell should be proporly
prompted and armed with such material
as will assist him in helping the organized workers of Cunada to solve thoso
problems now pressing for attention as
a result of war-time conditions.
Attend Next Meeting.
Inasmuch as a good deal of unfinished
businoss remains to be dealt with, it is
essential that every member attends the
next regular taeoting, Wednesday, July
25. Notices of motion have already
been laid ou tho table affecting the interests of every member.
Bro. Cleveland, after nn illness of
sevornl weeks, in ngnin on duty.
Business Agent Hoover, during tho
week, received a wiro from headquarters, asking him to proceed to Seattle,
to assist. Executive Bourd Member Edward McMorrow, who is doing ffectivo
work in perfecting the orgnnization of
thnt city. Bro. Hoover will be absont
for another few dnys, und President
Hubble is fulfilling thc duties of business agent in the interim. First Vice-
president Burrough is officiating as acting president. Bro. Hoover, according
to a wire received yesterday, will bo
available should any vital questions
affecting tho membership arise.
AU Street Railwaymen Lining Up.
A letter from Business Agent Hoover
yesterday says:
" ... I am down hore on agreement nnd organization work. Thc Seattle, Taeoma nnd Portland street railway
mon havo all fallen into Hne, and havo
come in under the bnnuer oft tho nmni
gumutcd, thus completing tho chain of
our orgnnization in nil of tho important
cities on tho coast between Vnncouvor
nnd Oakland.
"In Seattle, tho men aro now 100
por cent, organized in all departments
of tho street railway servico. In Taeoma, over 200 more members wore en-
rolled Inst night, which now prncticnlly
completes tho organization work in that
city. At the meeting in Portland in
nbout eight hours, 1100 now members
wore enrolled nnd a full set of officers
elected. Tho situation looks very en
couraging, but thore is yet much tp be
done in getting everything working on
a businesslike basis. I expect to be
back in Vancouver again shortly, but
may have to return to finish thc work
hero later."
Boles Governing Eesolutions.
The particular attention of affiliated
organizations is called to Article III,
Section 2, governing the introduction
of resolutions, whieh reads:
"Sec. 2.—That all resolutions
for the consideration,of the Con*
gress shall be received by the Sec*
retary-Treasurer not later than ten
days prior- to the opening of the
Convention, the same to be printed
ond issued at the opening session
of the Congress. Resolutions submitted contrary to this Section can
only be introduced and dealt with
by the Congress, on a two-thirds
vote of the dolegates present. The
executive shall appoint a Committee on Resolutions from the Cre-
dentialed Delegates and the said
Committee shall meet at least one
day prior to the opening of the
Convention for the purpose of con*
aidering all business submitted to
them."
Representation and Election of
Delegates,;    .
The Congress shall be composed of
delegates elected and accredited from
Provincial Federations of Labor, Trades
and Labor Councils, International Looal
Trades Unions, whose per capita tax
is paid from headquarters on their
total Canadian membership in good
standing. Trades Unions, Federal Labor Unions and National Trades Unions in the Dominion of Canada. But
in no case shall there be more than
one central body to be chartered by the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
The basis of representation shall be
ns follows: International Local Trades
Unions, whoso per capita tax is paid
from headquarters on their total Canadian membership in good standing,*
Trados Unions and Federal Labor Unions shall bo allowed one delegate for
each one hundred members or 'under,
and ono for each additional one hundred or majority fraction thereof.
Trades Councils and National Trados
Unions, three delegates each; Provincial Federations of Labor, one delegate
each; International organizations affiliating thoir Canadian membership from
headquarters shall bo entitled to one
delegate to bo nominated from their
Canadian membership. Two or more
Trades Unions, whose aggregate membership does not exceed 150, may unito
and sond one delegato. No proxy representation will be nllowed.
Railroad Transportation.
Delegates from west of Port Arthur
ure advised to take tho Special Round-
trip Summer Tourist Rate from Vancouver to Ottawa. Tickets are on sale,
good going every Friday and Saturday
from Vancouver to Ottawa and return
for $111.00, up to tho end of September and permit of return any time within threo months from the date of purchase, not in any case to exceed October 31st, 1917, .
The "Call"
The "call" is addressed to the Officers and Members of Provincial Fed-
orations of Labor, Trades and Labor
Councils, National Trades Unions, Federal Labor Unions and International
Local Trades Unions in the Dominion of
Canada.
The oponing paragraph announces:
tho thirty-third annual session of the
Trades and Lubor Congress of Canada
will convene in the Royal Victoria
Museum Building, Metcalfe street, City
of Ottawa, Provinco of Ontorio, beginning nt 10 o'clock, Monday morning, Soptomber 17th, 1917, and will
continue in session from day to day
until the business of tho Convention
hns been completed. It is signed by
nil members of the executive council,
as follows:
".TAMES C. WATTERS,"President.
"JAMES SIMPSON," Vice-Pros.
"ALEX. WATCHMAN," Vicc-Pres.
"R. A. RIGG, M.P.P.," Vice-Pros.
"P. M. DRAPER," Secy.-Treus.
against the 'single slacker' is now being followed in the aame quarters by
attacks on'married shirkers.1 By ana
by the classes who have been deluded
in tfurn by the conscriptionists, will
wake up."
War for Disposal of Products.
The economic and commercial basis
for all wars was then demonstrated by
quotations from numerous authorities,
tne speaker fully convincing his audience that in no instance had wars taken
place, because of differences in kultur
or culchaw, nor yet ln defence of'any
supposed liberties possessed by the
working class of any eountry. He
spoke at length upon this phase of the
subject, showing that the necessity for
the disposal of surplus products was
the basis for all commercial and military aggression.
How to Break Strikes.
In closing he referred to the effect of
conscription on industry, quoting the
lobby correspondent of the .London
Daily News of 13th September, 1915,
on the French strike of 1910: "There
are grounds for saying that some of
the ministers who ace in favor of the
compulsory organization of the manhood of the country have been influenced by the history of the national railway striko in France in 1910. They believe that in case of a serious strike in
this country imperilling the national
safety, the power of calling up the men
as soldiers would break the strike. This
was what happened in France in 1910:
By October 11 th*; national railway
Btrike was general, the food supply of
Paris was greatly threatened, and thc
whole of tho country disorganized. On
October 13, the ringleaders were arrested under the railway traffic law of 1845,
and at the instance of M. Briand, the
prime minister, 150,000 of the railway
servants were put under mobilization
orders for a ptriod of three woeks'
training.
A Challenge to Debate.
"The action of the French govornment in calling out the railway men in
their capacity of reservist') had a double
effect. It appealed to tho sonso of patriotism .**rd of military discipline which
animates the majority of Frenchmen,
and it tijvo those m.'.i' who returned ns
reservists to their work on the railways
an assurance of protection against the
violence of strike pickets, and a sense
of solidarity with their comradoB of the
active army in full uniform who were
guarding tho railway stations, signals,
and points. By these means the strike
was broken, and on October 18 tho railwaymen were ordered back to work by
their own Btrike committee." He then
challenged any legal luminary or other
responsible representative of the capitalist interests to debate tho question as
to why any worker Bhould fight for this
or any country.
Prolonged applause followed the conclusion of his address, and the audience
throughout signified their approval of
the attitude token by the speakers.
One interruption occurred during the
courso of the meeting, but as tho inter-
jector was promptly ejected, no further
trouble ensued, and the meeting adjourned without ony further disturbance.
German armies; the man who was help*
ing to cultivate the idle lands of England; the man who was part-owner of
all America's prolific acres.
For once I felt that I had been in the
presence of Real Greatness.—R. J. C, in
Australian Worker,
GAUNTLET THROWN
TO THE LEGAL LIGHTS
(Continued from page 1)
our employers, so we should lay-off work
concortodly in the defonce of what little liberties wc now possoss.
All Sorts of "Huns."
W. A. Pritchard wns then called upon
to address tho nudienco, and started
with his usual roferenco to our junker
press. He quoted «tonsivoly from
London newspapers of various dates,
showing thnt the workingman, evon in
the opinion of the rulers of Britain, had
nothing to defond, and tbat thoro were
oven greater atrocities committed in
civilizod England in tho piping times of
poace than any tho GermHuns or Brute-
Huns or ConadyHuns or AmoricH'ans
had over committed amidst tho stress
nnd strain of war. Quoting from tho
London Daily Telegraph, Feb., 1914:
"At this momont thoro aro thousands
to whom oach dogreo's fall in tho thermometer is so much additional agony.
Men and women feel it keonly, acutely,
and to tho hapless children it means
suffering untold. . . in thiB great
proud wealthy capital of tho Empiro."
He thon dealt with the attempt to split
tho ranks of the workers by tho intro-
ducion of classes in he bill, as has boon
dono in the old country. Quoting tho
London Daily Star, of 21st Fob., 1910,
he said:  "The well-engineered outcry
Herbert Hoover, u. S. food administrator, testified in Washington recently
that "the people of this country have
been, robbed of 150,000,000 a month in
excess profits during tbe last five
months, or a total of $250,000,000."
And, pray, what difference is there between "excess profits" and the common, ordinary, handpicked garden variety in every day nsef Isn't proflt
just simply proflt, no matter whether
it be labeled "excess" or otherwise!
What is there to it except getting
something for nothing. Is not that the
underlying principle of all business effort! If so, Hby the impudence of
attempting to east odium upon he who
gathers it plentifully, while at the same
time allowing he who gets it in but
amall measure is allowed to go unscathed and unscornedf There is no
robbery perpetrated mpon any part of
the American or any other people outside of the wealth producers themselves. Those who till the soil and convert its products into articles for human consumption are robbed out of all
they produce over and above just,
enough to keep them from starving to
death. Whatever this may amount to
is what it costs the producing class for
the privilege of being slaves. It is the
price they pay for their economic and /
political ignorance. "Robbed of *50,-
000,000 a monthi" If Hoover knew
half as much as the world thinks he
knowa, he would know that the wealth
producers of the U. S. are robbed out
of more than double that amount every
day of their fool lives.
A Tram Ride With Greatness.
The Fut, Florid Man sat opposite mo
in the tram, aud entered into a discussion with the Lean Man on his right.
"Those German submarines seem to
be playing havoc," said the Lean Man.
"Oh, that's nothing," said the Fat
Man. "Why, WE are building two
ships to every one they destroy. It's
simply marvellous whnt WE can do
when WE are put to it."
"1 hope this i&jssiaii rumpus doesn't
release the German army ou the eastern
front," ventured tho Leaa Man.
"It doesn't mntter," Maid the Fat
Man. "WE will smash it if it is sent
ucross to thc west. For it is a logical
axiom that the bigger the target the
better chance WE have of hitting it."
"The food problem seems to be growing a trifle acute," said the Lenn Man.
"PoohI it's nothing," replied thc
Fat Man. "WE are growing moro than
enough for our needs. WE are planting
tho parks and idle estates in England,
and in America WE have millions of
prolific acres to draw bounteous supplies from."
Tho Fat Man alighted at thc next
stop, and nil but foil on his head, sc
ndiposc wns his body, nnd so awkward
were his movements.
But I watched him in admiration as
he puffily lumbered nwny—the mnn who
was helping to build two ships in the
placo of evory one destroyed; the mnn
wbo would assist in the smashing of two
For Nutriment
"A Quart
of Milk"
Says Dp. W.
PEABODY BARTLETT
"Is equal ia nutritive dements
to 9 oi. of bread, li doz. of eggs,
11 oz. of atealt, or S average sized
potatoea.''
You Buy
Real Food
When 'You
Buy Milk
and
Feel Better — Spend  Leaa
Canadian Dairy Products
Publicity Bureau
EMPRESS
Strawberry Jam
Ask Your
Grocer for it
1917 PACK
It Has tho
Flavor
EMPRESS MFG. 00.
Manufacturers of Empress
PURE FOOD PRODUCTS PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY..—, July 13, 1011
Dentistry that is
thorough and permanent
—this is the invariable rule of my offlce.
As workingmen, you should bear this fact in mind when
you or any member of your family needs dental attention.
The class of work you want is that which will thoroughly
remedy your dental defects and not give you further trouble
afterward. *
My offlce is thoroughly equipped for every form of dental
work.   My reputation as a skilful dentist iB assured by the
commendations* of my many patients.
__        *•
lay charges are reasonable.  Oome to my offlce and let me
examine yonr teeth, aad I will be able to give yon a detailed
estimate aa io the cost of the work.
Phone Sey 8314
Make appointment
witb dental nurse
or call
Dr. Wm. H.Thompson
DOCTOR Or DENTAL SDEOEET
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dunimuir Privite entrance
M IL L I N E RY
SEH OUR  WINDOWS FRIDAY  NIGHT  FOR
GREAT BIG BARGAINS
THE PATRICK MILLINERY CO.
<B. PATBIOK) ,
Sey. 3291 032 ORANVILLE STREET
4-
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SET. 2492
Edythe Elliott, Ray Collins and the new stock
company
Presenting
The Sidesplitting
Comedy
"The
Misleading
Lady"
Sixty laughs a minute.      A *2
show nt our summer advertis
ing prices.
10c, 25c and 35c
I Te memben ol iny union ln Guide a
spatial rate for The Federationlit of $1
per year—If ■ club vt 10 or mor* li aent
Leckie
Shoes
Highest Quality-
—thnt is the thought that confronts every member of the
Leckie orgnnizntion — it'a the
only thing that counts.
Everything else is subservient
to thia one outstanding factor.
SO WHEN TOU BUT
Leckie Boots
whether for uso in the mines—on
the farm—in tho woods—o\er
the hills—on the city streets—out
in the suburbs—for boys and
girls going to school or in vacation time — REMEMBER that
there is a LECKIE BOOT made
for each of these particular purposes nnd eaoh is of Distinctive
high Qunlity.
The "Leckie" trndemark is
stamped upon euch pair as your
assurance of tho fullest possiblo
value.
The Quality Goes IK before the
name Goes OK —. that's a
"LEOKIE"
AT TOUB DEALERS
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
41 Hastings Btreet Wait
OWEN & McCALLUM
Malleable   Ranges,   —ell   and
Heavy Hardwire;   screen doers
ud windows.
2337 MAIN BT. Pbone: Pair. MT
The Next Issue of the
Greater Vancouver
Telephone Directory
CLOSES on JULY 15th, 1917
If you nre contemplating taking
new service, or making any changes
in or additions to your present service, you should send in notification,
in writing, not later than the above
date, in order that you make take
advantage of tho new directory listings.
British Columbia Telephone Co. Ltd.
Hotel Canada
518 Bichards Btreet
VANCOUVER
(Near Labor Ttmple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
Summer Specials
Be cool and comfortable in one of our two-piece NORFOLK
SUITS, in blue serge and also in colored fabrics of tasteful
design.
$15.00, $18.00, $20.00, $26.00 and $30.00
other suits in pinchback and conservative models at $15.00 to
$40.00. 8
Bathing Suits in plain and fancy colors 75c to $5.50
Sport Shirts, in novelty styles $1.00 to $2.50
Balbriggan Underwear, per garment 35c to $2,50
Wash Ties 25c, 35c and SOo
Straw Hats  $2.00 to $4.00
Panama Hats $5.00 and $7.50
WM. DICK LIMITED
33 AND 4749 HASTINOS STREET EAST
COMPENSATION ACT
Valuable Information As to
Its Provisions Clearly
Set Forth
Workers Advised to Obtain
Copies of the Act and
Study It
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I„ July
9.—Messrs. E. S. H. Winn nnd
Parker Williams, compensation act
commissioners, paid a visit here on
June 26, and held a meeting in Richard's hall, which was fairly well attended. It could have been hotter attended were the workers Iobb apathetic.
However, everyone who did attend,
weit away more familiar with the
workings oft the act than they were before Parker Williams addressed the
meeting, first being introduced by Mr.
Thos. Taylor, the overman at No. 3
nine, aa the man who was to explain
the act, at which Parker took exception, saying that the people of South
Wellington had heard qMitc a lot of
noise from him in the past. Ho commended South Wellington upon the
manner in which claims had been made,
the board having less difficulty in settling claims bere than anywhere, due
to the efficient manner in' which
claims had been made. He stated that
the function of the meeting was not
so much to heaiSthe views of the board
as to receive suggestions for the more
efficient working of the Act.* He apologized for tlie absence of Mr, H. B. Gil-
mour, who is stationed "at Vancouver,
and whose duties keep him fairly busy.
Business is Oood.
The board had, up to date, received
upwards of 5,000 notices of accidents.
He then compared the new Act with
the old, showing that many costly delays were avoided; quoted instances
where, under thc old Act, through the
absence of witnesses, etc., some cases
took as long as five years to settle.
The purpose of the board, he said,
was to follow the prevailing system of
payment aB near as possible, that is,
to pay all claimB fortnightly when possible. He showed that -under the old
Act mnny minor injuries were never
compensated.
Under the new Act claims are removed from nil contact between employed and employee, thus removing
one of thc most prolific onuses of discrimination that prevailed heretofore.
He then dealt with the clause of the
Act which instructs attending physicians to give injured workmen every
assistance in mnking claims, and which
instructs thc doctor to report all accidents.
He showed how claims were adjusted
quicker, owing to their removal from
the slow-moving processes of thecourts.
In conclusion, he commended the Act
ns being a progressive measure from
the standpoint of tbe workers, und
stated that it was not the function of
the present meeting to deal with
amendments to the Aet; tbat function
being vested in tho hands of the provincial legislature.
To give nn idea of the work transacted by the board, he stated that
there was 25 per cent, more mnil leaving the offices of the bonrd than lenves
the whole of the departments of the
provincial government.
Chairman Winn.
Mr. Winn, the chuirman of the board,
was next introduced, und ho made a
request for suggestions and explnined
the workings of the Act, telling in detail, the nmount of compensation paid
in cases arising under the Act. He
dealt minutely with the method of procedure to follow in making claims and
intimated the willingness of the board,
at all times, to answer inquiries. He
showed that claims made, were secret,
as between employor and worktaan;
tlie employer could not see the worker's
claim, nnd vice versa.
Thc assessments under the Act have
amounted to about $530,000 to date. He
commended South Wellington upon the
scarcity of accidents and also for the
accurate .filing .of -Maims that have
arisen. x
He dealt witb the question of reducing the payments to widows and dependents residing in Asiu and thereby
increasing the puyments to Canadian
widows.
Tho question was then asked, would
not that method place a premium on
the employment of Asintics, by making
it cheaper to kill thehi!
The question was very ably answered by the statement that tho cost of
killing the Chink would equal the cost
of killing thc European, or Cnnudian,
because an amount would be drawn out
of the accidont fund equal to that required to pay tho claim of it Canadian
widow and thc difference would go into
n fund for providing additional compensation for Canadian widows.
A question was then nsked: Have
the board the power and the inclination (it being presumed they have the
ability) to'give information and assistance to residents of this province
who wish to mnke claims under other
acts, outside this province or Canada f
The answer was that the board wns
willing. A case in point was q'uoted.
A woman in South Wellington, a widow
with a young family had been partially
supported by two brothers who had
been killed recently in Butte, Mont.
The reciprocal arrangements of tbe
Mr.
Family Man
Your attention is called to
tho fact that just now we
are holding our Mid-summer
Clearing Sale of SHOES.
Bargains in all departments; some broken lines at
less than cost.
CLUFF SHOE CO.
649 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Women's Knit
Underwear for
Summer Service
THE WOMAN who seeks
garments that measure to
the highest standard as
regards style, lit and finish will find her requirements well attended to in
these assortments. The
lines that we mention today deserve the attention
of all who,look for and
appreciate the best. The
prices are moderate.
Women's Fine Lisle Vests
with low neck, no sleeves,
plain or with crochet
yoke; also :n porous knit,
at 60c.
Women's Fine Bibbed
Vests, with low neck,
sleeveless, plain band top
or hand-crochet finish —
60c. *
Women's Fine Vests in a
heavier grade, plain finish, sleeveless or short
sleeves, with fitted waist,
at 75c.
Women's Fine Ribbed
Union Suits, with loose or
tight knee; also the envelope style, in all sizes—
$1.00.
10
Compelled To Go On Strike
In Order to Obtain
A Hearing
Mayor and Aldermen Climb
; Down From Perch Most
Awkwardly
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
Montana Act were then explained and
it was shown that the state of Montana
compared itself to the . dominion of
Canada, and refused to reciprocate
with the province of British Columbia.
An explanation wus asked of the
terms "out of" nnd "in the course
of employment."
Mr. Winn gave a lengthy explanation, which resolved itself . into the
atatement that there is no hard and
fast rule to follow. Each individual
case has to bc decided, there being
hundreds of decisions on that one issue
in England alone.
He gave hypothetical cases of what
would, and what would not, constitute
"out of," etc.
■ In answer to another questiou in reference to the belated report of accidents, he Baid those eases gave grounds
for suspicion.
He concluded by appealing to the
workers to live up to the law and the
meeting ended with a vote of thanks
being tendered the boflrd.
Need of Educational Work.
One thing that struck nn observer
very fnvorably was the ignorance of
many of tho workers of the workings
of an Act that means so much to them.
The members of the board expressed
their willingness to furnish any person with n copy of the Act, who was
sufficiently interested to write for'one.
If every member would procure a
copy und study it there would not be
the need of so many questions being
asked.
I hnve noticed on several occasions,
whn the Act wus under discussion, that
questions have been nsked that are answered directly by the Act and if the
workers would only take sufficient interest to read, mark, learn nnd inwardly digest they would easily answer
tbeir own questions,
DRIVEN TO THE WALL by the action of the city authorities) the
city firemen were last Saturday Com*
polled to resort to the "strike" procedure in order to bring their request for
proper working conditions to a point.
The action did bring the mutter to an
issue, and, iu a manner which showed
the authorities how strong is the demand for proper working conditions
among the incn. When the possibility
of a strike was rumored, a statement
waB sent out from tbe city hall to the
effect that possibly forty men would go
out as the result of the work of agitators, but that the majority of the firemen would stick to their jobs. When 2
o'clock on Saturday afternoon. came,
however, practically every fireman,
with the exception of the captains and
some engineers, left their halls.
Thoroughly aroused Jay the condition of affairs, Mayor McBeath communicated with Business Agent Midgley,
and asked that the men return to work
temporarily until the council could be
assembled to consider the case anew.
He said that there were only two aldermen in the city, and a meeting could
not be arranged until Monday—a
rather peculiar contrast when it is remembered that the aldermen expect the
firemen to be on duty constantly for 21
hours a day, but, when a critical condition of city fathers is threatening,
tho. great majority of the men who are
expected to look after the city affairs,
are so located us to prevent consideration of thc subject fur over forty-eight
hours. *
The men conferred with the mayor
during the afternoon, und mude an arrangement whereby thoy returned to
work until Monday on tlie understanding thnt their application would then
be considered at a special meeting. At
this. session, there was considerable
talk, but the men were finally,told they
would be given their one day off in
four... There was something of a
"flurry" among the men on Tuesday
morning, when it was found that as the
result of some energetic work on the
part of Aid. Kirk, a cloud was thrown
over the actions of the council. This
was, however, dissipated on Tuesday
night when the council considered the
details for the arrangement of "one
day off in four," without objection being raised.
There has been considerable public
criticism of the firemen for leaving
their posts, some of the published remarks being of a rather rabid nature.
It may be said for the men that no resident of the eity regretted more than
did the firemen the necessity for their
taking tho uction they did. If there is
any blame to be attached by the public,'
it should be directed ngninst the city
council, which has for months been
dilly-dallying with the subject, and in
evory conceivable manner delaying a
definite answer to the men. Tho firemen have in n very comnfenduble manner refused to reply to any of theso
statements, contenting themselves with
a straight statement as to thc facts of
thc case, and letting tho matter go at
that.
Congratulations to the firemen ou
their winning the first round of the
fight for the recognition of common
humanity in thc conditions governing
their trying and hazardous work.
It ia worthy of mention that, so far
us is known, this is the first striko of
city firemen on record.
LETTER CARRIERS PICNIC
Local Members and Friends Spent Pleasant Outing at Larson's Park.
Thc mem born of branch No. 12, F. A.
L. C, held their third hunaal picnic
last Saturday at Larson's park, near
Whytecliff. The turnout was about ISO,
travelling by the P. O. E. ruilway from
North Vancouver. An exceedingly joyous day was spent, and among the prizewinners at the sports were Mrs, Griffiths and Sirs. W. Coe, Indies' egg and
spoon race; It. Palmer and .T. Griffiths,
gents' egg and spoon nice; Mrs. Chap-
pell and Airs. Lincoln, ladies' nail-driving contest; Jimmie Alight, for the
third year in succession, got the bacon
in tho long distance race, J. Keist being a close second. Messrs. J. Cnss and
M. Bunk won the committeemen's
threo-leggcd race. Thy children's races
were evenly contested, umong tho winners being Missos M. Scrnnton, E. Tal-
lowfield, A. Littler and Masters C. Carl,
J. Kirkwood, G. Dowding and R. Campbell. The committee in charge of'the
arrangements were Bros. M, Buck, J.
Cass, W. Squires, J. Griffiths, J. Keist,
P. H. Evans, R. Kirkwood and F.
Knowles.
The election to select representatives
of the association to attend the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada convention, is now being carried on, and is
creuting quite a lot of interest among
the boys. The result will probably be
announced at the next regular meeting,
which is billed for Friday, August 3.
A word to the wise is sufficient.
Oeo. Irvine in Vancourer.
Geo, Irvine, of Merritt, B. C, is enjoying a trip to the coast, and is registered at the Lotus hotel, He was among
the first residents of Vancouver, having
been president of the TradeB and Labor
council and wulking delegate in the ear*
ly nineties. Th "old tjoys" are all
• glad to see George.
UNORGANIZED RETAIL
CLERKS'  OPPORTUNITY
Scretary A. P. Glen Gives Substantial
Reasons Why They Should
Join Union.
Join the Retail Clerks' International
Protective Association. Meets in Labor
Templc-every first and third Tuesday,
nt 8:15 p.m. Study our system of benefits. Whnt the association gives for
iraen—75c, women—50c, per mont. Payment; during sickness to members of 12
months' continuous standing.
Change of business or residence ad
dross does not affect its payment. Five
dollurs per week. Twelve weeks each
yenr.
Payment at death to members of continuous standing: fi months, $25.00; 12
months, *50; 2 yenrs, $100: 3 years,
$150; 5 years, $200. Initiation fee
$1.
Further particulars on application to
A. P.- Glen, secretnry. Phone evenings,
7 p.m., Highland 13G7Lj .123 Eleventh
avon1 jo west.
The insurance nnd sick benefits of
our association are included in the regular membership fees and dues. ThiB
protective feature is one argument in
favor of joining the Retail Clerks' international 1'roteotive Association.—
A. P. G.
THE   ONLY UNION MEN'S, CLOTHING AND
FURNISHING STORE IN VANCOUVER
Value is in the Style and
Quality of your Clothes,
Not in the Price
Anyone can print prices, but quality is more,
than a word or a figure.
In this store you may test your satisfaction
by wearing the clothes; if they're not up to
expectations, your money cheerfully refunded.
Suits, under our Right Selling Plan, at
$15, $18, $20, $25, $30, $35, *40
C "NONE OF HART; SCMAFniCR & HARK CUHTIEf *
iMmnNS
153 HASTINGS ST. W.
STEAM ENGINEERS' UNION
APPEALS TO UNORGANIZED
Busineu Agent W. A Alexander Seeks
Unity of All Men Engaged In Steam
and Operating Departments.
It is the opinion of W. A. Alexander,
business agent of the local Steam and
Operating Engineers' union, with headquarters at Labor Temple, Vancouver,
that the time has arrived when all engineers should get together for the common good. The growth of Local 620
during the past few months has given
the membership much encouragement
and they feel that a long and strong
pull at this timo WH1 make their work
unanimous and therefore effective.
Like all other organized workers they
are learning the value of organization
and unity of purpose. In this connection Business Agent Alexander, in n
statement to The Federationist yesterday, saya:
"The avorage man who has had to
work in the ranks of the army of unskilled laborers, und who strikes n job
as ilreman in a mill, seems to get thc
idea that the engineer, who is often his
boss, is a superior mortal, because ho
happens,to have a license, with the
government stamp on it, hung 'jp in
the boiler-room, and imagines it is a
sort of fetish, that changes him from
thc ranks of unskilled to the skilled,
and when he receives one, all his worldly troubles will be over. He can hang
it up in a boiler-rooin somowhere, sit
around, boss his fireman, and not hnve
to work as an unskilled Inborer again.
He forgets all about wages and working hours; his sole ambition is to get
the B, C. license.
"After working in the sawdust for
a considerable time, he gets his license,
but his hend seems to have absorbed
bo much of tho sawdust thnt his reasoning faculties are clogged. Sometimes
it iakos a 50,000' h.p. shock to start
them in motion again. The increasing
price of necessities seems to bc about
reaching the necessary horse-power to
bring about the required aetion. Necessity seems to be tho motive power.
Some engineers nro only receiving $75
nnd $80 per month, and working a
13-hour shift every dny. ThiB works
out at ubai.it 20c per hour, A laborer
toduy, even one of the most unskilled
variety, receives 37^c per hour. Conditions nre forcing thehi to reason
along correct lines. They are beginning to realize there is not much nourishment in a parchment certificate, and
arc now getting into the organised
labor movement, where they belong. It
is only by such action that they can
ever hope to accomplish anything in
the, way of bettering the working conditions for engineers throughout this
province, with any lasting value.
"Local 020, I. U. of S. and O. Engineers, has plenty of room for them
and a paid-up union card is more respected by their fellow-workman than
a B. C. Engineers' license,"
ducts of the Sugar King. From every
direction comes word to the strikers
that they will finance and help them
until Kaiser Rogers comes to a sense
of reason and deals with his employees
as something different to chattel
slaves.
The few slaves of the Rogers' bullpen were somewhat disconcerted laBt
Monday when one of the strikers got a
photograph of some of the strike
breakers. The Black Maria, No. 2268,
was dispatched to the scene to quell
the "riot," but nothing serious developed.
The Longshoremen have refused to
unload incoming ships with cargo for
the refinery.
The situation looks good for the
strikers and they say that they too are
prepared to stay with the fight "until
the crack of doom," if that be necessary to bring the Rogers Hun to terms.
B, O. SUGAR REFINERY STILL
ON "NON-UNION" LIST
Striking Employees Conducting Effective Fight for Recognition and
Decent Treatment
Tho strike at the B. C. Sugar Refinery is still going strong. Jinny unions
have declared that their members will
no longer purchase the senb-mnde pro-
A Great Frenchman's Faith.
Romain Holland, the illustrious
French writer, says:
"Tho war has not destroyed any of
my boliefs; on the contrary, it has
strengthened tbese.   It has intensified—
'' 1—My contempt for the ruling
clnsBes—governments, financial oligarchies, churches, and tho supposedly in-
tellectual elite—which have led the peoples into this stupid murder;
"2—My feeling of brotherhood witb
nil those who suffer in all nations;   .
"8—My faith in thir future amalgamation and in the appearance of a new
social order, moro just and humane,"
***
On tho ground of the clnss struggle
we are invincible; if we leave it we are
lost, becnuse wo nro no longer Bocinlists.
The strength and power of socialism
rest in the fact that we are leuding a
class struggle.—William Liebknecht.
TWENTY-FIVE TEARS AGO
Trades and Labor CouncU.
July 9, 1802
Election of officers: President, Clarence Monck; vice-president, Dan O'-
Dwycr; socretnry, Geo. Gagen; treasurer, Geo. Pollay; statistician, Wm.
Pleming; door-keeper, John Humble;
finance committee, Geo. Walker, Dan
Stewart and Thos. Oliver; Parliamentary committee, appointed: Messrs.
Coulthardt, Stewart, Bishop, Watson,
Leapor, Bartley.
Decided to resuscitate card system.
J. A. Fulton, and D. O'Dwyer moved
a resolution which carried unanimously, expressing tho council's sincere sorrow and regret on the denth at London of Hon, John Robson, premier of
B.C.
CONGRESB VICE-PRESIDENT
WATCHMAN IN VANCOUVER
Mr. A. Watchman, vice-president of
the Trndes and1 Labor Congress of Canada, Vietoria, is in Vancouver tbis week
in connection Witb organization work
being conducted by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners. Referring to the lnbor situation generally
Vice-president Watchman said:    m
SHIP LABORERS' UNION
Local 15,615, A F. of L„ Added Thirty-
one New Members Last Meeting.
This union had another successful
rally on Friday night, July 0th. 31
new members were initiated. Delegates to the Metal Trades council were
elected as follows: Bros. H)jghes, M. A.
Phelps, E. Oliver, W. Hardy, J. Walker, C, Soums. Business Agent Hardy
will represent the union nt tho Metal
Trades exocuiive. Investigating.oom-
mittees were also elected, composed of
Bros. Russell, Bjorklund and Sunders.
It was decided to supply tbe members in good standing with buttons, the
cost to be defrayed by the members
of the union.
The initiation fee Is still down at the
low figure of one dollar. ThiB fee, however, cannot be kept bo low indefinitely, the time will come when an increase will have to be made, therefore
all laborers working in the local shipyards would do well to take tho opportunity of throwing in their lot with the
union at once.
The car that is within the
reach of the man of
moderate    means
The
Ford
A cnr that is not only reasonnblo as to Ilrst cost, but nlso
an to operation and upkeep.
A car that is not only cheaper than'other cars, ly.it also
gives better all round service tha nother enrs.
Write or phone us for Information ae to terms, average
operating costs, etc. We will also arrange a aemonstratlon
of the car for you.
UNIVERSAL CAR CO.
The Largest Ford Dealers in the Province
1280 OBANVILLE STBEET
Phones Sey. 307** and 3076 VANCOUVEB
Prlcea:
Runabout - $475
Touring   - $495
Prices f.o.b, Ford, Ont.
Delivery of cars at
above prices cannot be
guaranteed for a definite
period. Order yonr Ford
sow,

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345189/manifest

Comment

Related Items