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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 27, 1917

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Peace Reigns in All Shops
That Treat Employees
Like Human Beings
Constant Trouble at Plants
Where Blind Stupidity
Holds the Sceptre
IN APBIL last, the Vancouver
Metal Trades council, repre-
l uniting the Boilermakers,
Blacksmiths, Machinists, Ship-
j wrights, Carpenters and Joiners,
Pattern Makers, Painters, Steam
and Operating Engineers, Electricians, Sheet Metal Workers, and
Plumbers and Steam Fitters, presented agreements to all shipyards
and engineering shops in the city,
asking for the establishment of
certain minimum rates of-wages,
a working week of 44 hours,
double time for all overtime, regular apprenticeship system and
other conditions of a minor nature.
The Metal Trades council wus anxious to denl with the employers collectively. But .this tbe latter refused to
do, many of tbem not even acknowledging receipt of the proposed agreement, or tbe letter which accompanied
Consequently the   only   course' left
iopen to the metnl trades affected was
to deal with them separately.
One firm, namely, the North Shore
Iron works, met the representatives of
the crafts employed; discussed the
whole mutter, with th-e result that tbe
agreement was signed, and there has
been industrial pence and harmony in
that shop ever since.
In several of the shipyards strikes
took plnc-e, lasting for four days, at thc
end of which the agreement was signed,
almost as presented. And there has
been no serious trouble of any kind in
those yards since.
' A month ago the samo demands were
made to the Coughlan shipyard, but this
firm flatly refused to discuss the mutter, witb the result that all crafts
struck, and remained on strike for two
\ eokrt, at the end of which Mr. Oough-
lftn agreed to put all tne conditions and
wages into effect, uud to recognize a
committee of bis employees to adjust
all disputes, but he refused to sign thc
Thu unionists involved agreed to give
it a trial, accepted the.offer, and went
back to work.
However, it has been clearly demonstrated that verbal agreements of this
kind are far from satisfactory, as there
has been nothing but trouble in that
plant ever since, und it is just possible
there muy be another walk-out tbere
any time.
Tho Vancouver Engineering Works,
,being the next largest and important,
was next approached, but Mr. Giles',
the manager, refused to interview or
discuss the mntter with the representatives in nny wny whatever.
True, he agreed to put most of the
union conditions asked for into effect,
but would not agree to sign thc agreement with the representatives of the
organizations affected, or with a committee of his employees, und, further,
lie. would agree verbally to give almost
nil the conditions to some of thc trades.
But this is a Metal Trades council
agreement, and thoro can be no seper-
nte. peace.
' Every trade must get a satisfactory
settlement before any peace is mado.
On Thursday last, nil trades not already on atrike, quit work at the Engineering Works, and wilh the exception
of a raw, who went back na strikebreakers, thoy are nil still on strike.
The Vancouver Engineering Co. is the I
only one being asked to sign the sume
agreement ub other firms on the coast
have agreed to.
In spite of any rumors to the con
trary, tbe strike is still on, and will be
fought to a finish, as fur as the Metal
Trades ure concerned.
At the regular meeting of the council,
On Wednesday evening, it was decided
to notify nil forms with whom fhey have
agreements, or where members of organized labor nre employed, that
work coming from the Engineering
WorkB would be hnudled in any way
In addition, nil the Pacific coast
metul trades havo also been notified of
tho trouble, and advised not to handle
the product, of the above firm.
What "J. H.C." Haa to Say.
Once more the membership affiliated
[with the Metal Trtides Council and the
I local organized labor movement have
found it necessary to resort to the only
last-resort weapon they possess, the
strike. This time they are battling for
'.heir rights in the matter of working
conditions, hours and wages nt the
)laot of the Vancouver Engineering
•Vorks, located on Sixth avenue, just
>ff Cambie. street. These same. metal
radesmen have done much of lute to
nuke these huge industries possible.
."Tot onlv have they worked for less
jfnoney than they should have, but tbey
riavo actually assisted in bringing con-
rncts to this city and have materially
yelped to put Vancouver on the in-
(t'ustrial mup. We have drawn workers
rom all quarters of the globe to come
nd establish new homes in this city,
bus increasing the pnyroll and enrich-
ug the city to that extent. In fact,
ad we not induced many of these men
So come here it would not htve been
OBBtble to handle Imperial Munition
oard contracts. When we sent for
bese men we promised them better
onditions than were offering at the
•me, knowing full well that orgnniza-
on would make that possible. Nearly
[il the contract shops in the city hnve
Igned up and are making hendway aB
' result. Tbe Vancouver Engineering
orka, it ia true, followed closely the
.ales and aome of the working condi-
(Continued on Page Five.)
Chinese Workers as Well as
Whites 'Are Involved
in Struggle
The High Cost of Living Is
Evidently Playing No
Color Favorites
shingle weavers, who have been on
Btrike in adjacent mills since Monday,
report that so far they are meeting
with even more success than they expected. None of the white workera
have returned to wjerk, though a amall
crew of Chinese weakened yesterday,
and -one mill arranged to atart work
this morning. But the Chinese failed
to arrive. Hence the wailing and
gnashing of teeth among patriotic
labor-skinners, who had hoped to pit
one nationality against another that
they might make a little more juicy
At Port Moody, where all the mills
had been working Bince the strike,
closed down yesterday, both whites and
Chinese workmen having decided to join
in the general strike for un eight-hour
workday, with ten houra pay. The
mannger has, however, opened negotiations with the union officials, and a
aettlement may be reached shortly.
At, Eb.trne, out of twenty-two men
employed, six failed to respond to the
atrike call, five whites and one Chinaman. Two of the whites changed their
minds yesterday, and joined the strikers.
The Kelly mill, on the north arm, is
working the eight-hour day and observing union conditions. It is therefore
the only mill working at full capacity
with a union crew.
The Chinese Association (guild) is
becoming thoroughly organized, and
has completed arrangements for taking
care of .all strikers. Officials of the
Shingle Weavers,' union jissort that if
they were ns sure of some of the married white workers ns they are of the
Chinese, there wouldibe no difficulty in
enforcing union conditions throughout
the jurisdiction.
Steam Engineers Will Oome Out.
TheiBtenm Engineers* union has decided that sooner than see the shingle
weavers defeated, it will pull oat ita
membership, employed at tne mills involved, and thus force the hands of tho
mill-owners. .
Street Bailway Employees, Too.
The Royal City Street Railway Employees, union, too, have notified the
shingle weavers that they are prepared
to refuse to handle the product ojf the
mills in case strike-breakers are secured to bent the union men.
Chinese Want More Than Whites,
One of tho difficulties looming up in
the proposed settlement is that the Chi-
(Continued on Pago Five.)
11 TALK is cheap, but aetion
is required to bring, results.
Tl FOR lo these many moons
we of the labor world have
did little else but talk.
fl WE have appeatyd-to others for political help to
boost us out of thc slough
wilderness and despond,
of low wages, long hours
and the misery in general
that falls to the lot of hireling slaves.
K WE have bluffed and blustered in the effort to delude ourselves and others
into the belief that we
were men, real men, manfully engaged in the noble
work of human uplift aud
fl NOW, if there is nothing
Jn us but empty noise, let
"us be good enough to,
henceforth, talk inaudibly
to ourselves, for the world
in general is no doubt
tired of listening to our
fl IP there is an organized
body of men in this Dominion, however, no matter how small in numbers,
that has sufficient.gumption to do battle and the
courage of its convictions
to go to it for the purpose
of launching an assault
upon the citadel of class
rule and robbery at Ottawa, The Federationist and
all who are connected
therewith, will do all that
is humanly possible to aid
in that good cause.
If 'THERE is sufficient rebel-
' lious and even revolutionary strength lying latent
right here in British Columbia, to breach those
walls once it,is stirred to
t| THE hour for action is at
Guerilla Warfare ln the Fast.
Upon numerous occasions have small
and courageous bands of workers put
forward tickets at election times, upon
a platform of economic and political
demands that by no stretch of the
imagination coald be so construed as to
be anything but a threat and terror to
the exploiting interests that make life
a continual hell for the wealth-producers of the land, but in no instance did
a single organization of producers in
the Dominion of Canada raise as much
as one little finger to aid in that struggle.
Down to the last one of them they
threw their strength, either openly or
covertly, to the aid of those interests
in human Bociey that thrive solely by
the! robbery of the producers of wealth,
and which are represented in the political and economic activity of nations by
the old line parties of capitalism, the
precious disciples of which now hold
the political fort at Ottawa and hook
conscription and other slave-compelling
schemes upon the workers, in obedience
to the baneful interests tbat lurk in tbe
dark recesses of the hidden background
and direct their efforts as political and
economic occasion may demand.
No Use to Lock the Door.
And now for their folly flie workers
of Canada nre to get what is quite
properly coming to them.
Misery is the price of ignorance, and
there is no question aa to who must
make payment.
For the ignorance of the working
class, that class mast pay.
That is a payment thut the reputed
Savior of Mankind is not, and ennnot
be culled upon to make.
Thc political gentlemen whom your
kind masters saw to it were nominated
nnd put forward for your support at
the polls, and whom your stupid blindness to reason and commonsense, and
your dog-like loyalty to the interests df
that class in the community that Uvea
and waxes sleek and fat by plundering
you of the products thnt you bring
forth by your toil and sweat, causing
yo.i to faithfully and obediently elect
to office for the purpose of carrying
out the wishes nnd requirements of
„ our mnstcrs and exploiters, hnve done
their work well.
Thoy have, nt the bidding of tho interests bnck of them nnd which direct
their efforts, even ns the industrial
boss directs yours, placed upon your
neckB a militury noose that is to yank
you, willy nilly, into the cannon's
mouth in order that the precious interests of your mnsters may be conserved
nnd mnde more secure nt the expense
of your cheap slavish blood and sacrifice.
And if any of you, wbo went like
sheep to the polls at the behest of your
masters and supinely registered yoar
approval of their politicnl and economic schemes, dare to let n protesting
howl, issuo from your throats against
this exercise of a master's undoubted
right to conscript your carcass nnd
throw it to the wild beast of militnrism
if he so pleases, it is devoutly to be
hoped thnt you will be arrested and
severely punished for attempting to obtain sympathy under false pretenses.
Tbe horse having been stolen, it is
the heigh th of nonsense to now lock
the door. Having spilled your own
beans, for mercy sakes don't squawk
nbout it.
Only One Thing To Do,
There is but one thing for the sensible mnn to do—^nat Ib if there be any
such nn animal. That Ib to everlastingly keep hnmmoring away at'the concrete cocoanut. of hiB fellow slaves,
spurred ever on by the perhaps forlorn
hope that in time these slnves will develop sufficient intelligence to be able
to understand a very simple situation
and courage enough to go forth and
conquer the slight difficulties that lie
in the way of slaves obtaining their
deliverance from the packthreads of
bondage that have so long held them
to tho cruel churiot wheels of a master
And they are veritable packthreads
onee they arc understood, for all of the
laws, rules and regulations laid down
by rulers since time began could not
for n moment avail ngninst the overwhelming numerical strength of the
enslaved over thnt pf their mnsters
and rulers, once the slnves became possessed of even a glimmering of class
consciousness nnd class solidnrity.
Onee the workers begin to understand the humbag that is embodied in
tbat thing tbey bave for long reverenced ns the law, they will speedily
discover how easy it is for them, act-
intr together, to take possession of the
parliaments of the world—that is the
law factories—and spike their capabilities of evil, by wiping out alt of the
laws that rulers and robbers have inflicted upon them to their undoing all
down through the nges.
The thing to do right now is for the
workers to como together for concerted
political action against their present
masters and their accursed institution
of slavery and torture.
It is not worth while for nny worker to spend even a moment's time in
splitting hairs and quibbling over the'
petty details of what shall or shall not
be done, once the forceB of a rebellious
or revolutionary working class haB sue-
cceded in gaining possession of the
citadel of capitalist power—the parliament ,»nd governmental machinery of
the ruling class. I
Whatever the representatives of the
working claas might or might not do in
thnt event, could not be worse forlthat
class than that which the elected representatives of the masters now do de-
Conscription Bill Passes Thin} Reading in Commons by Large Majority - Canadian
Autocracy and Reaction Greatly Elated fThereat-Bffl Is Now Up to the Home for
Political Cripples Known As the Senate-H It Passes There the Democratic
Beans Are Spilled for the Canadian Wealth Producers for a Long Time
-—■—; ■      ,       /.
AS PAR AS the wealth producers of Canada are* concerned, the time has come for them to either
put up or shut up. Tune and time again has/the opportunity been afforded to put forward and
push to a trmmphant conclusion some economic and political programme, based'upon the nter
csts of these producers of wealth, and calculated to rid them of the burden of tolls and exactions im
posed upon them by tin political and economic bandits that rule and Job them in the name o'busiiieS*
trade and commerce. Upon each recurring occasion that this opportunity has offered itself to 5
onsideration, the workers farmers and wage slaves alike, have either turned the proposa o do some
thing in their own behalf down cold, or have supinely refrained from taking advantage of it to Se
tenoTanc*        P°WerS ?    6XP   ' * em °"'y bcC8U8e °f their °?n unsu«e™^ "tupidity and
fful and really sensible' course to pur-
" sue, and that ia to put their own men
into the political field at the firat opportunity and, if pojsible, elect them
with instructions to go to Ottawa and
repeal that infamy.
But as a closing injunction, let no
alave, either farmer or wage-earner, for
a motaent delude himself into believing
that the repealing of a conscription law
will open the gates of any New Jerusalem to his class.
AH of these lawa, no matter what
they are, are called into being because
human slavery exists and the masters
and beneficiaries of that delectable
*l ef of Setting a fut living and great
abundance in the way of material comfort, and getting it for nothing, as well
as hanging on to the delightful game
like grim death to a nigger, is what
calls each and every one of these
precious laws into being.
Slaves will never escapo the rigors
of such laws as long as slavery lasts.'
No wealth-producer will ever be safe
and secure in the enjoyment of that
which he may bring forth by his lnbor,
the Mtb ° " 8laVe remuins uP°n
i*W8*i.U? i0, the Blave8» havin& recog-
tilShiT 8,TO! t° bn"° themselves
together to abolish it by seizing   the
ZT °' ?nW J P°w« »nd using that
K3 I      Je?Iy remove their Aokle.
and Assert their freedom.
/In Vancouver \
I Ottj. 12.00   )
AS THE FEDEBATIONIST pointed out sotne /time ago, the work'
ing people do not need a press
of their own. They are so amply served
by t,he rotten press of their masters,
that it would almost be ingratitude upon their, part to .. even
think of supporting, a pre,ss of
their own. Just kow they are served
by the press of capital is another matter. Some seem to infer that they are
about as healthfully[ served, both economically and politically, as would be
the case in regard to their physical
health, if a public sewer waB allowed
to discharge its contents within the pfe-
cincts of their happy homes. Be that
as it may, however, they are surely
served as well as they so richly deserve.
This may be clearly seen by a close
scrutiny of what is,,by courtesy more
than anything else, called the labor
press, ^n the flrst place it is something
like the little girl's picture of the parson. By merely -putting a tail to it
she converted it into a very passable
dog. The labor press of tbis western
continent needs no tail put to-it to turn
it into a capitalist dog. Its outstanding earmarks are altogether too unmistakably capitalist as it is. Barely
indeed does it ever bark a tune that
contains a note inharmonious to the
gentle Bymphony of capitalist property
and its brutal exploitation of labor.
Among the most faithful and servile
defender.; of the cftjniallHt system of
rule and robbery, with its blood* and
butchery, its brutality and recklessness, its hypocrisy and humbug, its fat
profits and its miserable starvation
wages, its military fanfarronade and its
flags and other commercial emblems,
will be found what are termed labor
papers, by the score. As they afford
no more serious threat'to the interests
thut rule and plunder tbe working class
than a more or less sickly whine
against tho occasional undue severity
of the punishment, and never for a
moment even suggest the bringing of
that rule and robbery to an end by
overthrowing wage slavery and sending
both it and its capitalist beneficiaries
to oblivion* there is no legitimate reason why they should continue to exist..
It would be a matter of economy to put
all such out of commission and no harm :
could possibly be done to the labor
cause, for the very simple reason that
their former renders could be ns well j
supplied with healthful mental pabulum through the medium of the capitalist press, free grutis and for noth-
ing. The capitalist press is the fount I
of purity from whicb the average wofk-1
er draws his economic and politicnl in* RBNA MOONEY ACQUITTED
Government   Commission's
Findings Will NotAlter
The Members Are Watching
Strike Developments
Across the Line
Willi Assess Membership to Assist Strikers, if Necessary, to Win.
At the regjlnr meeting of local 777,
I. A. of M., on Tuesday evening, the
actionvpf the striking of the Vancouver
Engineering Works** wns endorsed, and
the members decided, if necessary to
assess themselves to fight it to u successful issue.
They nlso decided to subscribe, in n
body, to The Federationist.
Engineers' Union Refused to Permit
Its Members Being Discriminated Against.
The vnlue of united action wns demonstrated ^luring the present week by
the shipyard employees of Messrs.
Coughlan & Sons. Two members of
Local 620, who had worked overtime
one Sunday, and had not been paid for
•mme, refused to continue working
until tlieir pay check wns made good.
Tbe firm secured two other engineers
for their place. This was taken up by
Engineers' local, with the result that
members working at Couglan 's decided
that unless these men wore reinstated
they would quit working in the yard.
When the issue was taken up with the
committee of Messrs. Couglan's employees, they decided thnt if engineers
quit work, they would do likewise. As
the general superintendent had refused
to have these men reinstated on Tuesday, thia grievance was brought directly to the notice of Mr. Couglnn, with
thc resjlt that be decided to have the
men reinstated, rnthter than take n
chance on hnving a general walkout.
A little more of this spirit of solidity
among the workers and they will get
The members of Pioneer Division No.
101 are, of course, interested in the
proceedings of the provincial government commission, named to inquire into
the whole question of transportation af-
'fecting Vaneoaver, New Weatminster,
and Victoria, and the British Columbia
Electric Bailway Co., operating in all
'three cities and adjacent districts. As
far as the findings of the commission
are concerned, they can only be-legally
[binding upon the company and the city,
1 aB per the agreement or' arrangement
entered into by those parties. Any
other recommendations the commission
may bring in will have to be a subject
for further consideration of the parties
interested, when th'e time comeB.
In this connection, a letter was received yesterday from'President Nock
of Capital Division, No. 10S, Victoria,
by President Joa. Hubble of Vancouver,
in whicb he states:
"On behalf of Division No. 109,
Victoria, B. C, I wish to offer an
emphatic denial of the charges made
by Mr. J. Edward Bird, that we were
acting in collusion with the B. C. E.
R. Co., in the recont Btrike; although
the charge* is so ridiculous and without foundation as to need no denial."
The membership,of Vnncouver and
New Westminster Divisions nre equally
emphatic in their denials of nny understanding with the company, at the time
of tbe recent strike. Tbey decided they
wanted more wages, to meet increased
cost of foodstuffs, and tbey went on
strike to secure it.
At Seattle and Taeoma.
The Seattle nnd vTncomo striko is
still on and the strikers are standing
firmly, with every prospect of an early
settlement in favor of tbe men involved. The central labor body is rendering splendid assistance and has decided to tnke whatever drastic action
may be necessary to see that the union
streetrailwaymen win. Tbe impression
is also rapidly developing among the
forces of organized labor that the membership will, in future, have to concentrate more-on the industrial and political field if they are to retain wnat
little concessions they now potytcsB.
Headquarters' Gossip.
A few new men are being taken on,
most of them being pretty well up in
yenrs. *
Some of our mombeFs nre bestiring
themselves and taking an active interest in the international economics of
our organization. Several amendments
(Continued on Page Five.)
spiration, anyhow, so what is the use
of maintaining an alleged labor press f
And, as we have already intimnted,
the inspiration to bc drawn from the
alleged labor press of these most glorious times, is of the same brand and
quality as that drawn from the daily
press of capitalism. Almost without
exception tbe labor papers deal with
the present syBtem of property und ex-
Continued ou Page 6
liberutely und  with  the most careful
If the workers of this Dominion do
not like this precious conscription infamy that their dear masters bave ordered to be added to tbeir previously
enjoyed infamies, there is but one law-
SUNDAY, July 20—Typographical Union; Bro. Loco Engrs,
MONDAY, July HO—Boilermakers, Electrical Workers, Machinists No. 777, Steam Engineers.
' TUESDAY, July 31—
layers, Plasterers, Press Feeders, Metal Trades Council,
Brewery Workers.
THURSDAY, Aug. 2—TradeB &
Labor Council, Garment Work-
FBIDAY, Aug. Ji—Railway Car-
men, Molders, Letter Curriers,
Civic Employees, Pile Drivers
aud Wooden Bridgebuildera.
After the Exciting Trial, Lasting Nine
and a Half Weeks, Wife of "Convicted" Hustpud la Freed.
Mrs. Renn Mooney, one of five who
were arrested under a chnrge of being
implicated in the bomb outrage that
occurred during a "preparedness parade" in Pan Francisco hist summer,
has been ncquitted of the charge. Her
trial lasted nine aad one-half weeks.
Thomas .1. Mooney, her husband, and
Warren K. Billings, have been convicted, the former sentenced to death and
the latter to life imprisonment. Both
have appealed. ,It is a notorious fuel
that the. entire prosecution lias been
based upon the most glaring and cluhisy
"frame-up" of evidence thui ever was
offered to the consideration of u court
or jury. That th6 entire proceedings
have not been long since thrown out
of court is due to the unmistakable fact
that the courts in whicli these trials
have been held ure us rotten us capitalist civilization cun make thom, and
that is some rotten. There has probably never been a more brazen and determined attempt to railroad active
members of organized labor to their
denth for the crime of inking part in
the struggle for an alleviation of the
misernble conditions inflicted upon thc
wage slaves of capitalism, than this
San Francisco affair. While it is extremely gratifying to know that Mrs.
Mooney Tins escaped the clutches of
the interests that sought to tnke her
life, it is of the utmost importance tbat
the men of organized labor allow of no
relaxation of their efforts to rescue her
husband and Warren K. Billings from
murderous hands that still seek to
strangle them.
Winnipeg Machinist Visitor.
W. M. Houston, a member of No.
122, Machinists, Winnipeg, Is a Vancouver visitor this ,wcck, for the first
time. He reports trnde conditions very
good. Speaking of "returned soldiers,"
who recently figured in breaking up
uiiti-couscription meetings, Mr. Houston says most of the alleged "veterans" were uniformed chocolate soldiers who neycr yet smellcd powder.
fl PROBABLY if the "business" men of Winnipeg
coulcl see tlie art-ay of Chinese dealers in vegetables
in the Hongkong of Vancouver, who are now
buying Ford delivery cars
by the dozen, to attend to
distribution; if the wise
\Vinnipeggors could witness the hundreds of acres
of gardens on Lulu island
and elsewhere on tlie Pacific coast, they would not
be so dead anxious to see
Chinese, gardeners imported into that locality to
work for the present owners.
fl ONE would have thought
that/ the experience of British Columbians would
hav-:' sufficed. But it seems
as though eaeh community
must lenrn lirst hand.
1f TEE Orientals are no longer content to be "coolie"
laborers. They are'traders.
And this Vancouver business men have much reason lo appreciate.
II HENCE the sq ua wk
against the Yellow Peril 1
fl BESIDES/thewoge-work-
er Oriental is learning his
lesson. He is organizing.
He is going on strike. He
is taking his place alongside the other victims of
corporation-owned industry.
fl THE scene has shifted.
Live Issues Discussed from
the Standpoint of the
Working Class
| Good-sized Audience Gives
Close Attention to the
Several Speakers
finest, and somewhat short
notice of the meeting, caused \
the attendance at the anti-conscription gathering in the Avenuo
tTheatre, last evening, to fall
somewhat below the average, but
the enthusiasm of the audience and its orderliness, made np
for the lack of numbers.
The meeting, which was held
under the auspices of the Vanconver Trades arid Labor council, waa
unique inasmuch ss it was the last
at which the voice, of Labor could
be raised against the bill, by reason of the fact that the measure
had already passed'its fliird reading.
The Chairman's Hemarks.
V. B. Midgley, who acted as chair- _
man, explained the object for which the
meeting.had been called, and said.the
attitude of Labor towards the Borden
govornment on the subject of conscription had nof altered in the slightest,
despite the fact that the bill was
through the house.
It was labor's last chance to protest,
in this manner, and the meeting was being held in order that membera of the
working class might be better able to
tell what action .to take on election
The speakers of the evening were
Miss Helena Gutteridge, Preaident
Kavanagh, of the Vancouver Tradea
and Labor couneil, and the veteran
speaker, E. T. Kingsley, each of whom
delivered speeches replete witb truths,
all of which found their mark, nnd impressed those who were in front.
Especially was this the case when
Mr. Kingsley spoke, for he handed the
proposition ont to the audience in language which was terse and pointed, for
he explained Eto the workerB that they
were responsible tof 'the whole Itettla
Mr. Kavanagh States the Caae.
President J. Kavanagh, of the Vancouver Trades and Labor council, who
was well received, said the smnllness of
the meeting was undoubtedly owing to
a state of apathy on the part of some
of the workers, who thought the bill
was already passed, "t do not think,
however," be snid, "thut this apathy
will bc seen if the government tries to
put into force thu law they are so anxious to pass."
Labor knew no liberty, hnd ever been
obtained by workers, save by concerted
action. As to conscription, tbe so-called
conscription of wealth was something
with which the workers hnd nothing in
common, The income of the worker
would not be affected. The conscription of wealth simply meant taking
money from one hand and putting it in
the other, ns the money conscripted
would bc spent on more munitions, the
returns going into the pockets of the
munitions contractors.
Nothing to Lose But Life.
"We hnve nothing to lose, save our
lives, and*they desire to take those
from us nt the point of the bayonet,"
said the speaker.
"If the Entente Allies win, nnd exact an indemnity," said he, "the workers will lose, for if it be necessary for
the money to be paid in gold, it will
mean thnt the markets of the country
must be thrown open to (lerman gooda
in order that they may produce the.
gold desired."
Thie Penalty Olause.
As to the enactment of conscription;.
President Knvniiiigb pointed out that
immediately thc bill bad passed the
senate, the penally clauses debarred
persons froln addressing meetings on
the subject.
"Is thut liberty!'- ne asked. "We
nre nsked to light ngainst Prussian autocracy, nnd in order to make us do so,
they give iih a taste of that nutm-racy,
and take away the liberty we possess."
Should Hold What We Have.
Continuing, the spftpker said the enactment of tbe hill spelt the complete
loss of the liberty of thc workers.
"What wo have got we have fought
for," caid he, "ami what we have got
we intend to keep. The dose of tho
present campaign will mean that *
greater efficiency and more economical
production Will be » nocoasity in order
thnt some ot* tlie oxpenflos of the enm-
paign njn'y bo mot. Thoro is no better
way thun to have a club ever the workers, and those who nay thaf there will
bo no militarism after this war, know
not of what they speak. If they attempt to force the worker Into industry, or to stop bim from striking, they
will be lighting ngninst the principles
wliicli make the worker strike when ho
cannot physically submit any longer to
The Workers' War.
"Had the wnrriiig powers listened to
the voice of the Russian revolutionists
at tlie beginning of thc revolution, this
war would have been won, nnd would
have been won by thc fighting workers
agai nst t he master class,'' said tho*
speaker, following with the remark
that thc war of the slave ngainst the
master was the only one in which thft
workers were interested.
Miss Gutteridge Speaks.
Miss Helena Gutteridge, in opening
her address, said she would try to put
her opposition to conscription before
the audience from the viewpoint of the
women, ns they would have to be con-
(Continued ou page 6) PAGE TWO
Deposits  _ 64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hastings and Gamble Sts.
TheBankof British North America
E.tebU.hld Is 1836
Brenche.  throughout  Censde tnd  It
Striate Department
Sins, end other htg sets.
llstintei, 10c, 20c; erentnga, 16c, 26c
C ;0 L_V M B I A
Oome and have a good time, perhapa
take home a aide of bacon.
Haatinge Street, near Abbott
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
680 Oranrille atreet
Sl> Haetlnja Itreet West
 Sermour 71S»
Third Floor, World Building,
Tke only Union Bhop ln Vancourer.
UkTIOsT le-iT.T.w.
Phone Mil 1821 Hamilton
HoaatlteUng, button, covered, eeal*
lopplas, button bole., pinking, apong*
Ing aad abrlnklng, lettering, plcot edging,   plaatlng,    rnoblng,   embroidery,
SIS OraarlBa St. 1S1> Douglao St.
Photo Bar. MM Phone lieo
Phone Bar. S1S3   1296 Oranvllle
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l. Edward Bears     Offlce: Sep. 4KS
Barristers, Solicitor!. Cooveyuctri, Etc.
Victoria ud Vancouver
Vaneoaver Ofllce: 510-7 Rogers Bldg.
Published •Terr Friday morning by tlie B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B. Par^n. Pettipiece...
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription: $1.50 per yesr; in Vaneoaver
City, 92.00; to unions subscribing
In • body, $1.00.
"w"~       BBPBESENTA^VEg
Now Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert 8. D. Macdonald, Box
Victoria  „ A. S. Walls, Box 1588
'Unity of Labor:  tho Hops of the World'
FBIDAY July 27, 1917
WE ARE TOLD that man is
reasoning animal.   That ho is
not guided in his notions by
instinct, as nre the so-callod lower animals.   And it is probably duo to that
fortunate circumstance
MUCH that he is enabled to
ADO ABOUT    make such a comfort'
NOTHING able and happy exist
ence for himself
upon this dull earth, in pleasing contrast to the miserable and absurd conditions that fall to tho lot of his less-
favored brethren of thc animal world,
who are left to the uncertain compass
of instinct to steer thom through the
wilderness of Ufe. Dogs often bark
at tho moon. At least, they appear to
do so. Man, being endowed with roason,
rightly considers the dog when bo engaged to be the very embodiment of
all that is ridiculous and silly. But,
strange to say, this proud possessor of
reasoning faculties—this brainy animal
who lookB with patronizing superciliousness upon the humble dog who
instinctively barks at tho moon, and
perhaps berates him for his noisy and
annoying folly, pulls off daily stunts
of similar egregious asininity, that
.makes the dog appear like a raw recruit in tbe noble art of making a
great hullabaloo about nothing of any
* * *
.Tust at present a moBt vociferous demand is going up from certnin lusty
throats that the conscription of manpower for military purposes shall bo
accompanied with a conscription of the
accumulated wealth of the country, for
the samo purpose. The owners of those
lusty throats desire that the prosent
war shall be pressed to a victorious
conclusion by the Entente allies and,
aa they express it, they "demand that
wealth shall do its share" to effect
that consummation. Now, that is all
very nice, but just where is thiB wealth
of which they speak, and of what does
ill consist! Is there any material thing
that is requisite to tho prosecution of
tho war that is being withheld from
that purpose! If bo, what is it, and
who is withholding itf Ia it not a]
fact that men, munitions, food, cloth- J
ing, shelter and everything without
stint ia being poured into thd struggle
by evory country involved h> the delightful affair! If so, what more can
be dono though the heavens fall! Perhaps if tho dog was possessed of reasoning faculties and was not too "dog-
goned" lazy to uso them, he might arrive at a sufficient understanding of tbe
moon to be able to realize that time
spent in barking at it was timo wasted.
And by the same token one might almost imagine thnt the human animal
could roach a similar conclusion in regard to a multitude of things that he
also barks about in most silly fashion,
if he would take tho trouble to ilrst
flnd out what he is barking at,
All thore is to wealth is that power
to transform tho resources of the earth
into usable things, that is wrapped up
in the physical being of the mon nnd
women who compriso the working cluss
of the world. All wealth that is measured in terms of exchange—money-
is brought into existonce sololy by
those workors. They are the creators
of all wealth that is thus measured.
Therefore, they constitute, in tho final
analysis,  all  thoro  is  of  tho  world's
much-vaunted wealth. They constitute
all there is to property, thc capitalist
property of the entire world of today.
There nevor was any other property—
when used in the sense of boing a
revenue producer for its owner—except human slaves driven in the processes of wealth production for their
masters. They are always conscripted
into tho service of their masters, by
the vory fact of thoir enslavement.
Just at present, in some countries,
thoy aro yot enjoying exemption from
service in the eminently ruling class
pastime of bloody butchery, unless
they voluntarily offer their vnlunblo
services therefor. That their rulers
are now proceeding to withdraw that
privilogo of exemption, is only the es
ereise of a right that is indisputably
theirs, for the workors have never yet,
aa a class, questioned the right of
thoir capitalist masters to own thom.
rale them and rob them. By overy
breath thoy draw, by every wail and
complaint thoy utter against the exactions of their masters, they still re-
servo for those masters the continued
right to own and control the resources
of tho earth and tho toola of industry,
and through such ownership own and
control those vory workers themselves
and direct their efforts for the same
purpoBea that have always determined
the activities of slaves, since thc institution of slavery boenmo the foundation atone of civilization.
*       #-     * . '
Now, if the human animal actually
possessed anything in tho intellectual
line in advance of his canine brother,
ho might be ablo to discern the folly
of eternally barking against the individual exactions of his mastors, and
arrive at tho sensible conclusion that
it woro far better and more promiseful
of favorable results to direct his energies and tho energies of his class, to
the overthrow of the right of tho master class to own, rule and rob them.
So long as that right to own, rule and
rob labor, .remains unchallenged and
uncouqucrcd in thc council chambers of
nations, so long will the slavos remain
shackled, and to bc broken upon the
wheel of whntever industrial or military requirements may for the moment
bo best calculated^ minister to the
nmbition and pleasure of their masters.
Probably as long ns dogs remain dogs,
they will bark at the moon. The moon
will continue its course undisturbed by
their barking. And certain it is that
aa long aB slaves remain slaves, so devoid of the spirit of manhood as to
acknowledge the right of others to
own, rule and rob them, they will continue to bark at things that aro really
none of their business, while leaving
those matters that are of vital consequence to them and their kind, untouched and unattended to. Tho things
they bark ngainst will continue upon
their course undiaturbod. But in cither
ense, that of the dogs or the alavea, it
will merely bo "much ado about nothing."
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up * 12,011,000
Renorvo Funds     14,324,000
Total Aasots 287,000,000
410 btuebet ln Canada. Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of whlcU 102
are west of Winnipeg.
Open tn account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday,
terest credited half-yearly.  No delay ln withdrawal.
0. & HARRISON, Manager,
OrantUle and Fender
Don't stow'away your spare
cash in any old corner where it ir
in danger'from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Cannd<i
offers you perfect Bafcty for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whothor your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on saving* deposits.
0. N. STAGEY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
OD BLESS tho Household that
Boils Potatoea with tho Skins
On,"  was  the caption  of a
half-pago   advertisement  in  the  New
York Amorican on June 14.   It waa run
by that philanthropic
and   aelf • sacrificing
institution known as
the American Bank*
era association. From
the tenor of tho body matter of tho advertisement, it appears clear that the
intont  of  thc  association  must  have
boon that of "national service," and
its culling upon God to bless the boilers
of spuds with  their jackets on was
unselfishly intended as a sacrificial offering upon the altar of their country,
in thia her hour of dire peril, an offering that was evidently  made with a
blind and reckless indifference to tho
coat of the advertisement that publicly
proclaimed  the  sacrifice.    Such noble
and whole-hearted efforts to aid in tho
groat   battle    for   '' democracy,''   by
strcngthening'thc arm of thc doughty
star spnngled champion of that sacred
cause,  may well  strike terror  to the
craven henrt of the German kaiser and
all similar opera bouffe "war lords"
and would-bo "Admirals of the Atlantic."
* *       *■
The contents of this noble production
ire in pnrt ns follows:
s.i|i)..isi-   ...in  (i  lot nf  selfish,  careless,
ilimit;ini.".;.   people   throughout  tho  nation
no conduct tln-msclvrs that you cannot get
enough fooil for your family,  no that your
Wifo  fi.il.->  nnd  grows  weak  mid  Hhrnnkcn
before your oyos, ho  that  your children
weaken,  sicken nnd  dip.    Suppose Ntarva-
tion lookn at you through thu hollow eye*
of fil yon love bant in tho world; Wouldn't
I   you  bo  filled  with  loathing and contempt
'■■   nnd hitter hatred for the cnrelexB, thought-
|   Iokn people whose fault it was I
There It not enough food to go around.
Kniire natlnnH ahroad are stnrviiiK—men,
women and children are dying like flies
today, in boiiio countries, of plain, sheer
BtnrvAli-.ui. We must. Hend them millions
of tdns of food, nnd we will. There will
bo less for you. Wake* up to it. You will
have lens to eat. But you need lens. You
waste enough to supply the difference. Stop
ill Kvery time you havo potatoes for dinner you wni.li' enmiu'h in tho peelings to
keep n starving ally Alive for n day. Stop
It! Don't peel new potatoes, Buy a tive-
cent brush and brush the skin off, saving
nil the  potato.    . '
* *        «
There you hnve it, you mutts. And
right from the high priests of thc art
of .skinning, nt that. To countlesa
thousands of you it will not be necessary to "suppose" any of the suppoacB
above supposed. Thoy are not suppositions to you and yours.   Thoy are tho
] absolute and concrote expressions of
yout1 and your family's every day experience. Thoro nro millions of you
whd cannot got ono'ugh food to properly
(supply tho heads of yourselves and your
families. You never did get enough,
although  thoro is little question but
.what you tried hard enough. "Starvation" has looked at you "through the
hollow eyes of nil you love best in the
i world," not once in u whilo, but al*
ways, in thousands of your cases. Some
of yo.i have been "filled with loathing
and contempt nnd bitter hntrod," not
perhaps for
people whose fault it was," but for the
cruel and heartless system of slavery
that forced such intolerable conditions
upon you and yours, in ordor that a lot
of smug hypocrites and vulgar and conscienceless rogues might be made into
fat bankers, eminent and equally vulgar
captains of industry, and slimy and
loathsome advocates, apologists and
boosters for that slavery and its disgusting brood of attendant evils'. If
you have not been filled with the spirit
of loathing for, and rebellion against
the ruling class and its brutalities an-8
hypocrisies, there must be something
wrong with your mental make-up. You
havo probably been so doped and stupefied with the philosophy, the religion
and the economic and political buncombe that is so generously provided
by the robber class and its paid hirelings and stool pigeons, for tho specific
purpose of pickling you into auch a dull
insensibility, that you are incapable of
even wailing a protest against the bru
tal exactions your rulers and skinners
heap upon yoa.
* *      #
"There is not food enough to go
around," says tho Bankers association,
Thore never waa onough left to go
around among tho members of tho
working claas .after the bankers, brokers, dealers, employers, lawyers, preach-
era, politicians,.soldiers, police, professors of buncombe, peddlers of literary
piffle for the safety of the game, and
all that hungry horde of lackeys, valets, lickspittles and hangers-on that
constitute the personnel of the whole
ruling class establishment and paraphernalia of rule and slaughter, had
gotten their grab' out of what labor
produced. There never will be enough
until that whole gang and all that it
stands for, ia kicked off the backs of
the wealth producers of the world. All
of the turmoil and war of lbe ages haa
come out of the most noble art of so
skinning slaves and disposing of the
plunder that there should not be enough
food left "to go around" among the
slaves and make them too fat to work,
nor yet fat enough to give good and
wholesome advice upon economy by
means of boiling spuds with their jackets on.
• *      *
Because some millions of European
foola have fallen to the elevating and
commendable task of butchering each
other at the command of their dear
masters, and in their zeal to serve well
the interests of those vainglorious and
strutting braggarts and vulgar ruffians
they have destroyed much of their food
Bupply by laying waato vast territories
and withdrawing their energies from
the production of useful and necessary
thinga, you -workera of America are
called upon to still further starve yourselves ia order that the fool performance may be continued to the Btill
greater glory of the" Ailing class rascals
that pulled it off and the still further
immolation upon the altar of their own
unsufferable folly, of the fools whose
stupidity made it possible. In times of
peace you arc not more than half-fed at
the best, and now in theae times of
gloriouB war, you are asked and expected to throw that half along with the
rest and go it on wind, or at leaat on
potato skins. And who ia thus calling
upon yout In the caae in point, it is
the Bankers association, the most noble
aggregation of skinning talent that ever
skinned suckers by both wholesale and
retail. Did a banker ever produce anything in the shape of food, or any other
useful thingf Did you ever see a banker, sitting upon the back porch of his
humble kitchen, say, for instance, right
down in the teeming east sido of New
York, gently and carefully removing
the cuticle from a potato with a brush
of volvet texture, in order that "we"
might be able to send "millions of
tons of food" .to starving people of
othor countries? Honest now,1 did youf
The way bankers skin potatoes and potato growers ia entirely different. The
peelings arc not carefully and gently
removed and the removing is not
prompted by any motive that could bo
considered us even a distant relative of
that noble one of succoring the affllict-
ed and starving poople of other lnnda,
or the. homo land for that matter. Not
a ton of food will bo shipped abroad
for the purpose of feeding the starving
people of other binds, cither in times of
pence or wnr, that will not bo doftly
and thoroughly skinned by the bankers,
as well as by all tho rest of their un-
suffcrnblo tribe of profit slinrks and kindred vermin that constitutes the ruling
and robbing class in modern society.
And not a pound of food, let alono a
ton, will find its wny down tho neck of
a solitary slave in the capitalist shambles, either hero or nbrond, that will
not be in thc same manner skinned, and
by thc same unscrupulous gang that will
in the next breath proceed to soothe the
slave's feelings and prompt him to
greater efforts on behalf of the skinning proceBB, by wise advice about how
to akim much nourishment from water
that has been diluted by foiling spuda
or turnips in it, or something of that
kind. It is not necessary to ask God to
bless the Bankers association, for that
distinguished body, possessed as it Is of
such a fund of knowledge about the art
of saving by skinning, is competent to
save itself. We may reBt assured of
...July 27, 1917
k OBTUNATE,   indeed,  is ho who
has a vein of humor in his makeup.   Such    a   person   can   get
through life with   much   less oxpenae
than ho who hath it not, for the latter
must   porforco   pay
THE dmisBion ;   to     tho
GREATEST movies   in   order   to
JOKE OF ALL have his dull soul
titillated into a consciousness of its humorous ego, by the
ponderous life studies of a Charlie
Chaplin, while the former can extract
'tho careless, thoughtloss jjoy immeasurable from a scrutiny of j
the serious-minded mob in the highways and byways of the great work-a-
day world, wherever he happens to get
mixed up with it. And what a screaming farce it all is, this busy world of
jobs and wages, employers and em-']
ployees, capitalists and laborers, buyers
and sellers, lenders and borrowers, patricians and plebeians, atiints and sin-
ensr, high-brows and beetle-browed, financiers and hobos and tbat glorious
galaxy of spiritual advisers, legal luminaries, editorial pundits, professorial
Btool pigeons, political decoys, official
shecpherders aad uniformed highbinders, that makea up the perpetual calli-
thumpian parade of this most glorious
slave civilization. It is a great joke,
when once viewed in the proper light,
and one well calculated to cast loose
the buttons from the garments of he
who ia at all susceptible to the insidious approachmenta of humor disguised
in profound aoriouaneas, aB it were.
* * *
The outstanding joke of all ia that
of wealth and finance. Financiers are
the greatest jokers that ever joked for
a living and didn't know it. At least
they wear such a convincing appearance of being absolutely unconscious of
what a groat joke they and their trade
actually arc, that wo are really at times
almost convinced that they are themselves quite devoid of all senae of
humor. We should almost expect them
to shed tears at the spectacle of Charlie
Chaplin humorously falling down
stnirB, or inadvertently sitting down in
an old maid's lap. But to get right
down fo modern finance, just glance
at the figures sotting forth the accumulated wealth of the world. The immense reserves lying in the banks and
the national treasuries; the tremendous investments that have boon mado
in this, that and tbe othor industrial
enterprise; the huge sums that have
been loaned to governments and othor
concerns; tho savings' deposited in the
banks by tho frugal and1 otherwise patriotic ones in the community; and
then on top of all thiB do not forget
to add thc . tremendous profits being
made right along by other patriots
patriotically ongaged in tho pleasing
and simple occupation of selling things
for moro than they coBt. After you
get it all totalled up you will bo, no
doubt, regaled with the pleasing reflection that with ao much wealth in
the world, either safely stored up in
the banks or equally safely invested,
there will never be any danger of the
good people of the earth ever going
hungry for the want of food or barelegged for tho want of covering. But
about this time you will split your
sides with laughter, that ia, if you have
any sense of humor at all, because it
will certainly dawn upon you that thia
yarn about great wealth accumulated
and stored up as a result of saving and
frugality, ia the veriest Munchausen
tale that was ever told. The wealth
of the world is produced and consumed
practically in its entirety, every year,
There is no accumulation of anything
except evidences of debt, credit slips,
and it is theso evidences of debt, these
credit slips, that are so carefully treasured up in banks and treasuries and
boastfully yarned about as evidences
of the groat wealth of nations or of
individuals. There is nothing else to
it. And the only reason that tho silly
hoax survives for a moment, and is
not laughed off the stage, is because
the simps who make up human society
fancy that real wealth is in existence
to make every one of theso credit
flimsies good at any moment the demand might bo made. The accumulation of credit flimsies ia rapidly becoming so great that we may reasonably expect in the not distant future
to flnd thiB wealth recorded in terms
of barrels or balea of money and Securities, instead of in dollars as at present.
Or perhaps in carloads, for that matter.
* * *
To make a long story short, the
making of a profit iB a most pleasing
pastime. Nothing could be more pleasing, unless it might bo tho making of
a bigger one. Bo that as it may, howover, profit is something that is obtained for nothing. That is why the
getting of it bringeth so great n pleasure to the human heart or soul, or
whatever human part or attribute it
may be that hath itB most sensitive
nerve running directly to the bank ledger or the pocketbook. Now, that which
is gotten for nothing is not paid for.
All that which enters into the trade
and commerce of men is gotten in just
that way. Labor produces it and by
some process not altogether clear to tho
workers it ia taken from the workors
and they got nothing in roturn. True,
thoy do get some Bmnll quantity of food,
etc., but thoy alao produce that, ao if
that be payment they pay themselves.
If they were paW for what they produce they would have that payment
in their own possession, but as it is
impossible to make payment except in
the very products themselves that are
aold, it stands to reason that no payment could be made in any case. There
is nothing, and thero, can be nothing,
with which to make payment. Therefore whatever ia aold—aa the aaying
is—muat be sold on credit. Tbat is
just what happens. Value may be bartered for valuo, but whenever a Bale
outright is made, that which Ib termed
payment is mado in the form of credit,
oithor tho individual credit of the
purchaser, or credit tokens or promises
to pay that havo been issued by somo
other authority. Thos* credits or promises to pay constitute the sum total of
the boasted money of modern business]
nnd commerce. Evon investments are
nothing more or less than advances
made to tbo future and which the futuro is expected to .pay. While it iB
impossible that these debts, either in
part or in toto, can be paid, ao penetratingly keen is the sagacity of the
human mind, that no inconsiderable
portion of thia debt ia not only supposed to be paid in full, but interest
is also to be paid upon it, its volume
to be determined by the length of time
tho principal has been allowed to remain unpaid. As payment in the first
place ia impossible, the adding of this
impossible aum of interest to it doeB
not make it any more impossible, although the attempt to do so would appear to be plainly intentional.
* * *
Alongside of this enormous accumulation of wealth, that consists solely
of evidences of debt that an uncertain
future is supposed to make good somehow or other, we flnd the world supply of food, clothing, etc., bo scanty
at the present time, that prices havo
already gone so high as 'to be almost
out of reach of all but tho moro plethoric wallets, and the condition ia
growing daily worse. Still there ia no
let-up in this accumulation of wealth,
that is, if we are to believe even half
we hear. That there are hundreds of
thousands of peoplo on earth right now
who are actually starving to death, is
boyond question and that thore will
be millions beforo anothor twelvemonth has passed is certain. It is also
certain that the world accumulation of
figures of debt, that fools in thoir folly
term figures of wealth, will also bo
greatly increased. It might also be
mentioned that this magnificent accumulation of debt that can never be
paid also constitutes all tbat there is
to that mysterious but eminently potent thing called capital, and which*
we are solemnly informed is so nbso
lately necessary that if it wero not in
existence we would all perish from the
face of tho earth. It is, indeed, a sad
jolt to the cast iron credulity of fools
to discover that all this accumulated
wealth or capital, is nothing moro than
an empty promise, a mere bubblo of
wind, that is at any momont liable to
burst and leave that credulity stranded, hopeleas and forlorn. But such is
the horrible fact. That ia, it is horribly humorous. Of all jokos it is by
far the greatest. It is almost as great
a joke as would bo the case if the capitalists would withdraw their wealth
and capital from the country and thus
leave tho people helpless.
firat and third Thursday!. Executive
board; Jamea H. MoVety, president j Fred A.
Hoover, vice-president; Victor R. Midgley,
general aeoretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles. treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, statistician; sergeant-at-arms, Qeorge Harrison; A.
J. Crawford, Ju. Campbell, 7. Haigh, truatees.
Meets  aeoond  Monday  ia  the  month.
President,   Geo.  Bartley;    secretary,   R.   H.
Neelanda, P. 0. Box __
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Offloe,
Room 80S Labor Temple. Meets fint
Sunday of eaeh month. President, James
Campbell: financial secretary, J. Smith, 610
Holden Bldg.; Box 424; pbone Sey. 2672;
recording secretary, Wm. MotUshaw, Globe
Hotel, Main street.	
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays io the month,
Room 206 Labor Temple. President, L. E.
Herritt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 1671 Alberni
Meet Sod and 4th Wednesdays, 8 p.m., '
Room 307.   President, Chas. 7. Smith; corresponding secretary, W. B. Dagnall, Box 68;
financial aeoretary, W. J. Pipes.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, t. 0.
U. B, W. of A.—MeaU flnt and third
Wednesday ot each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. Preildent, A. Sykei; secretary, A. E. Ashoroft, Suite 1, 1788 Foarth
avenuo weit.
Pacific—Meets at 487 Gore avenue every
Tueaday, 7 p.m.   Russell Kearley,  business
—Meets ln Room 20S, Labor Tempi*,
every Monday, 8 p-m. President, P. W. Me-
Duagell, 1162 Powell itreet; recording iecretary, John Murdock, Labor Tempi*; flnanclal
secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 2ft7, Labor Temple. ;	
sociatton, Local 88-62—Offlce and hall,
804 Pender etreet east. Meets every Thun-
I day 8 p.m. Secrotary-treasurer, F, Chapman;
business agent, J. Mahone.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President, Wm. Small; recording seeretary, J.
Brooks: financial secretary, J. H. MeVety.
211 Labor Temple. Seymonr 7486.
tore' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. S. E. 4
M. P. M, 0.—Meeta flnt Sunday of eacl
month, Room 204, Labor Tempi*. President
J. R. Foster; businoss agent, Sam Haigh,
| financial and corresponding aeeretary-, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Box 846.
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—-
Branoh meets aecond and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Templo. President, Ray
MeDougall, 1928 Grant streot; financial iee-
retary, J. Lyons, 1S48 Venables atreet; recording socretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Pt.
Grey road.    Phone Bayvlew 8978L. _
[By Rov. Charles Stelzle]
The enemica of organized lubor feel
that they've pulled off a big stunt
which will cripple the movement for a
long time to come. But nothing ever
permanently injured a cause that was
just. The labor movoment cannot bo
To the trade unionists I would frankly say—don't lose heart at a temporary shock. In the main, tho lnbor
movement is on the right track. Dori't
allow anyone to persuade you to the
contrary. If leaders occasionally prove
untrue, and if enemies malign and slander, taking advantago of tho downfall
of a few, remember tho mon in the
ranks who have sacrificed and suffered for the causo which has meant so
much to thom. For after all, this is
a poople's movemont—it is made up of
the mass of humble toilers who havo
como to their presont position becauso
of a bitter experience.
Stand by tho guns. The battle for
the people and by the people hns just
begun. Do not allow anybody to befog you nor to mako cloudy tho real
issuo, Organized lnbor is rooted and
grounded in a great principle—tho
principlo of democracy nnd justice for
It must be judged not by its greatest mistakes. It has a right to demand
that it's real significance must be
judged by its highest hopes and aspirations, aad by its strongest characters.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Pair. 447
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 184—Meets
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Campbell, 220—2nd Street business agent, J. fl.
Carmlchael, room 212, Labor Temple.	
. 620. Meets every Tbunday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Temple. Preildent. William Walker; vice-
president,. J. R. Flynn; secretary-treasurer,
w. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Tempi*.
Phone Sey. 7496,
-...uvwv „,   inuvrfiBB—U>cal No
mn*4»,"ec       imL*onrUl Thursdays
-..„    ..ecu nucunu ana fourth  Tlmrsda
of  each month,  room  808,  Labor Temp..
President,    H.    Pink;     vice-president,     R,
Spring; financial socrotary,
recording  eeentary,  0.  Lenon,   room   803,
Labor Temple.	
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and foarth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble;
vice-president, E. S. Cleveland; recording aee.
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity itreet.
pbone Highland 108R; financial aeeretary and
business agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlce corner Prior and Main streets.
America, Local No, 178—Meeting! held
flrst Monday in each montb, 8 p.m. Preaident, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president. Mill
H. Gutteridge; recording aeeretary, W. W.
Hocken,   Box  608;    financial  iecretary,  T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 608,	
—Ments second and fourth Fridays of each
month, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.   President, C.  I
Soama; recording secretary, W. Hardy, 445
23rd stroet west, North Vancouver; financial
secretary, S. Phelps.   (
last Sunday of eaeh month at 2 p.m.
President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-president,
R. G. Marshall; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
annual eonvention in January. Executive
offlcen, 1017-18: President, J. Naylor, Boa
416, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vaneonver: Ju. H. MoVety, V. B. Mldgley, Labor
Temple. Victoria: J. Taylor, Box 1316. Vancouvor Island: W. Head, South Wellington.
Prince Rupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 694.
New Westminster: W. Yates. 906 London
street. Kootenay District: A. Goodwin, Boi
20, Trail. Crowe Nest Valley: W. B. Phil-
lips, 176 McPherson avenue. Secretary*
treaiurer: A. 8, Weill, Box 1688, Victoria,
B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meeti flnt and third Wednetday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Slverti, 1278 Den- 1
man street; secretary. B. Simmons, Box 802, J
Victoria, B. 0^ -
A Shoe With
a Distinctive
—aboat it, and a gentleman's
shoe that haa unequalled wearing qualities, iB tho jjBtly popular
The "House of Leekie" realized long ago tho demand for just
such a shoo as this, ond its reception by businoss and professional
mon has been most gratifying to
the makers.
Comfortable, easy-fitting and
graceful in appearance, this product of the Leckie factory may
bc had in sixteen various styles
and lasts; with o,r without "Noo-
lin" soles. Once get acquainted
with their merits and you'll wear
no other.   Ask: your dealer today.
Soe thnt tho name "Leckie"
is stamped on evory pair. But
the Name
of America, local  784,  Now  Westminster.
Meeta aecond Sunday of each month at 1*80 '
p.m.    Secretary, F. W. Jameson. Box 496.
__*^____0a} jWPBBT, B. 0.
Counoll—Meets second and fourth Tuesday! of each month, In Cirpentora' hall. President, 8. D. Macdonald; aeoretary, J. J,
Anderson. Box 273. Prince Ruoort, B. C.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W, OP A.—
Meoti leeond and fourth Sunday of eaeh
month, at .J.30 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven:
reeordlng secretary, Jai. Bateman; financial
iecretary, S. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
that's a LECKIE
pOAL mining rights of the Dominion, In
^ Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and In a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a farther term
of 21 years at an annual rental of |1 an aore.
Not more than 2,660 acrea will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for a lease mast be made by
the applicant In porson to tho Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district in which the rights applied for are situatod.
In surveyor* territory the land muat be des-
icribod by sections, or legal sub-divisions of*
sections, and in unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall bo staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application muat be accompanied by
a fee of 65 which will be refunded if tub
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at tho rate
of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish the Agont with sworn returns accounting
far the full quantity of merchantable cosl*
mined and pay tho royalty thereon, If tne
coal mining rights aro not being operated,
such returns should bo furnished at least
once a year,
Tho lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46
George V. ffuRonted to 13th Juno, 1014,
For full Information application should he
mado to tho Socretary of the Department of
tho Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of tho  Interior.    _
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of -.his ad-|
vortlsomont will not be paid for,—f,676.
Every Union in B.C. 8BUhb;curi^
for  THE TEDERATIONIST  In  a  holly, '
PAY  FOR  IT  MONTHLY,  quarterly  o-
yearly,  ns  best  suits  tho  wishes  of the I
membership.    Snbmit  a  motion   at  next
meeting—and advise   Tha   rodtratlonUt
of the result. $mOIAL   PATHS   7AS00DTBB
omoux. Mm am aaa
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 30        SIX PAGES
(In Vuooam \
Otty. 11.00  )
.$1.50 PER YEAR
trouble ahead
—if you don't givo attention to your teeth. I tell you this for
your own good—not in order that I may say "I told you so"
when you eome to my office with a tooth that can't be suvcd.
You can't afford to go "off duty," as regards attention to your
teeth, for a single day. You can't afford to neglect tho flrst Bign
of any defect in thom. There's only one cure—tho dentist's
chair—you'll como to it sooner or later—and the Booner the better
both for your comfort, your health and your pocket.
Let mo examine your teeth. It won't take but a few minutes',
and may save you hours of trouble and pain later.
Pbone Sey. 3331
made by pbone
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown and Bridge Specialist
002 Hastings Street WeBt, Cor. Beymour
SUITS—Splendid  selection,  in  variety  of styles,  including Norfolk,
Sports, Pinchbeck und others; up-to-date tweeds, serges, etc.; 3 to 18
years.   All prices.
BLOOMER AND KNEE PANTS—Navy or brown velvet; serges, tweeds,
cordaroy, whito serge and white duck, khaki cotton drill, etc, 3 to 18
JERSEYS—Cotton, cashmore and worsted, ribbed and plain knit; navy,
brown, green, white, etc.   Sizes 20 to 32.
UNDERWEAR—Stockings, Bhirts, overalls nnd every requisite for boys'
WHITE SAILOR SUITS—Detachable navy cuITb and collars; second
shipment to hand for .$2.60
TeL Bey. 702 309 to 315 Hastings Btreet West
Pbone Sey. 2207.
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that every union man
should have. Simplicity, efficiency and
economy combined with a money saver
are the principal features of
670 Richards Street
VICTORIA, B. C.s 018 View Street.  Phone, 1209.  Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimult Bond.   Phone 819.
HAMMOND, II. C: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. B.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Cut Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store aad Registered Offlce: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
,   48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988*072.
Branch Storo, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.   Phone Seymour 9513
Established 1891
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
327 Seymour Sb Pbone Seymonr ISS
The Sign USE
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
For your kitchen, Wellington nut.
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump... 8.00
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump   $8.00
Comox * Nut - 7.00
Comox Pea - 5.00
(Try our Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
11 BY Dl
One Victim Identified But
Name of the Other Not
Yet Disclosed
Stabling of An Ambulance
Causes Big Tempest in
Little Teapot
[By Walter Head]
23.—In times gone by South Wellington has been viscited by calamities
too numerous to mention, and it is my
painful duty to again record one of
those disasters which from time to time
are visited upon the human race. This
time it is your devoted correspondent
who is the victim. On Friday, July
20, he had the operation of matrimony
performed upon him, so if this article
is either "better or worse'1 he must
be excused.
But to get down to business, Local
872, U. M. W. of A., had a special
meeting on Sunday, July 22, to hear
the results of the committee's inter*
view with the management on the fortnightly pay question.
The local superintendent informed
the committee that the general manager had been back east on business
connected with that question, it being
necessary to provide a little more of
the elusive, in order to inaugurate a
changed method of payment.
The general manager is on his way
west and the committee is to meet him
on his arrival when an answer will be
delivered. The meeting decided to give
the company another week in which to
decide to come through with the fortnightly pay.
Poll Tax ts. Patriotic Fund.
The method of stopping the Patriotic
Fund contribution was then discussed.
The management, in their interview,
said that some men might like to pay
to the fund individually, and made a
request that the men go to the offlce
individually and stop their contributions.
The meeting was strongly opposed to
this lino of action. It was claimed
that the men wishing to pay should
be tho ones to give notice. A motion
waB passed, instructing the secretary to
post the following notice:
"As a protest against the retmpo-
sition of tho poll tax, the members
of Local 872, IT. M. W. of A., havo
decided to discontinue paying to the
Patriotic Fund; but any man desirous of paying! may acquaint the company of his wish."
So now, Mr. Brewster, can pay our
Patriotic Fund contributions out of the
$5 he stole from our pay envelopes.
It is a pretty strong gamble that the
poll tax is costing a darned sight more
to collect than the Patriotic Fund for,
no doubt, there is an army of highly-
paid collectors on the job. But, of
courso, we realize that the faithful
must be rewarded, and as a suggestion
to our benign legislators, we would respectfully urge the appointment of
somo good Liberals to make an attack
upon the thistles in this district.
During the strike, a police officer
paid the strikers a visit and requested
them to cut down their thistles but, so
far, this year, we haven't noticed any
policeman requesting the C. P. B., the
government of British Columbia, or
any of the other partios who have gone
into the business of growing thistles, to
get busy.
There is another job that is open for
ono of the faithful if he can get it, and
that is, a seat in the legislature, representing this constituency.
After the adjournment of our union
meeting, many of the members attended tho annual general meeting of thc
Medical Belief and Accidont Fund,
whero a lively discussion took place.
The balance sheet was road and showed
a favorable balance. The committee
for the ensuing year was appointed,
consisting of three company officials, as
provided for by the bylaws, and four
men appointed by the mon. The question of the motor ambulanco wns flogged to death; a place to keep it and the
-method of providing the plnco, took up
n great deal of time. The company
has agreed to furlsh tho labor, and
the men aro providing the material, but
so fur it liua been impossible to got
tho company to proceed with the
building. Thc best that can be got
iB a promise to have the building up
has enlarged its dining room
capacity to 135. We are
now operating the Castle
Hotel dining room in conjunction with the Orpheum
Cafe, known as Vancouver's
specialty cafe. Union cooks
of the first-class; day and
762 Granville Street
An old-time member of tho Tile Layers'
union, who, has been identified with the S.
I*. of C. for Kiinio years, has taken a considerable part in past conventions of the
B. C F. of L„ and who, after an absence
from the city for some two years, took up
longshoreing work and became a member of
the I. L, A. A short time ago he was
elected by the Vancouver local as a delegato to the contral labor body, and at last
meeting of that organization, was elected president by a majority of two over J.
H. McVety, who had served nine terms as
the presiding officer.
within two months, and in that timo
most of the material can disappear.
The committee has been instructed to
get in touch with the: general manager
and .endeavor to have him agree to
start on tho building upon receipt of
material. The compensation board has
been asked to chip in, undor the medical aid clause, and they agree to pay
for use of ambulance when used for
accidents. So far, it has been used
twice^ They have been presented with
a bill,'but it ia not paid yet. However,
we live in hopes, if we die not in despair, A man has been appointed to
take charge of the ambulance and keep
it ready to run at all times, with authority to teach men to run the car. So
when we get the station built, which
will consist of a garago and dressing
station, we will have an efficient method of dealing with accidents.
Another question taken up, which
will make for greater efficiency in
treating injuries, was that of koeping
a well-stocked ambulance box in the
mine and one on the surface Heretofore a box has been kept in a cross-cut
ia the mine, and every Tom, Dick and
Harry has been into it. So the committee has been instructed to take this
matter up with tho management and
ask it to keep the ambulance box in
the weigh-house in the mine, and placo
it in charge of the weighman. The
question of a tolephono was then discussed. At present there is no telephone connection between tho main
mine uud the doctor.. The method of
procedure when the doctor is needed, is
to telephone on thc private line to
South Wellington, and they send for
the doctor. Many times it is difficult
to get any one ou tho line, so the committee is going to tnko thut mutter up
Aftor wo get theso several mutters
straightened out, we hopo to have nn
efficient method of dealing with any
accident which may tako pluce.
After Several Conferences With Brewery Management War Bonus
Is   Conceded.
All the members of the Brewery
Workers' union in Vancouver huve
been conceded a ij.2 a week raise nil
round. Some two yeurs ago the union
signed nn ngreement which provided
for increases at thut time, but the abnormal flight of foodstuffs pricos made
it imperative to sock some means of
making both ends meet. With this in
viow, the union, somo weeks ngo, consulted tho central labor body, parties
to tho agreemont, with the rosult that
a numbor of joint conferences with tho
brewery management havo been held.
Lutterly, Mr. John Ruder, international
seuretury of the United Brewery
Workmen, Cincinnati, wus presi'iit nnd
assisted iu closing the new urrange-
ment for a wnr bonus. After securing
tho Hignut.ire of tho parties to the new
agreemont Secretnry Rador left for
Victoria, where similur conditions will
be usked for by the members of tho
union thero.
New Union Has Sent for Charter, and
Will conduct An Active Campaign,
Tho Automobile Repair Won nnd
Oarage Employees held unothor meeting
in the Labor Temple ou Monday evening, and decided to organize and affiliate with tho International Association of Machinists. A charter list was
opened, and over 50 names received.
The charter will bo sent for in the
courso of a few dayB. Temporary officers wero elocted, and arrangements
made for conducting uu organizing campaign in the city. I
Vancouver Result of Voto for Election  of
Labor Congress Delegato.
Following Is the result of tho referendum
vote taken by tho local branch uf tho Letter
Carriers' association, to eloct a ropruseiita-
tivo in each section, to represent them at the
forthcoming Trades nnd Labor Congress of
Canada convention at Ottawa. The election
Ib a Dominion-wide referendum, and, the following is only tho Vancouvor vote, propor-
port tonal representation system:
Eastern Section.
1st 2nd
choice elm in1
V. Beaupre*  Montreal      89 18
— OhfltunuviTt, Quebec      12 84
Central Section.
1st      2nd      Itrd
choice choice choice
R. H.  Cox. Torunto  28       48       21
— Dilworth, Hamilton .... 16       27       60
A. McMordie, Toronto   01       31        18
Western Section.
1st    2nd    flrrt    •111.
chco  chco chco ohco
Hammond, Winnipeg ....   8      15     57     22
A. J. Bird, Victoria  12      «4      12     20
P. Knowles*. Vancouvor 9*1 1(1 4 4
A, Campbell, Ktlmonlon.. 4 17 no 40
Ono hundred and i ax tenn ballots cast; eight
ballots mailed to mon on' holidays, not returned.
P. K.
Department of Labor Gives
Much Information
About Unions
Summary   of  Memben
and No. of Unions in
the Dominion
rpHE SIXTH ANNUAL report on
* labor organization ia Canada, containing statistics, etc., for the calendar year, 1916, has been issued by the
department of labor. Figures are
given showing the eitent to which the
trade unionists of thc Dominion have
contributed to the Canadian expeditionary forces since tho outbreak of
the war in August, 1914. Enlistment
of one or more members has been reported by 1,284 local branch unions,
the recruits numbering 21,599 and reservists 593, a total of 22,192 trade
unionists in the ranks.
The loss in trade union membership
recorded in the two previous years has
been partially overcome by the increase of 17,064 reported for 1916, the
total numerical strength at the close
of the year being 100,407.
In all there are 1,842 local branch
unions in Canada, 1,626 comprising
129,123 members, being affiliated with
international organizations, 189 with
22,884 members are connected with
non-international bodies and 27 having
8,400 members are independent units.
There was a loss of 35 international
local branches during the yoar, but the
membership • was increased by 14,401;
the non-international bodies lost two
branches and 780 members, and the independent units were decreased by
four, but the reported membership
Bhows a gain of 3,443.
The membership of all classes of organized labor in Canada, as reported
to the department for the past six
years, has been as follows:
1911   133,132
1912   100,120
1913   175,799
1914  106,163
1915   143,343
1910  160,407
Of the 1,842 local trade union
branches in Canada, 828 of them are
located in eighteen cities, and 689 reported a membership of 69,225, representing over 40 per cent, of the entire
trade union membership in the Dominion.
Montreal occupies flrst place as to
number of local brunches, while Toronto, Winnipeg and Vancouver follow in
the order named.
The following ' summary gives the
names of tho cities, number of branches
reporting membership and the membership reported:
No. of
No. of   Unions        No.
Cities      Unions reporting Members
in loculity. member- reported.
Montreal  127 74 13,337
Toronto   UI 81 13,025
Winnipeg      75 47 7,121
Vnncouver   ....   5<i 43 3,788
Hamilton       50 38 3,539
Ottawa       40 38 3,714
Edmonton     42 33 2,059
London      40 33 2,411
Quebec     38 33 5,382
Calgary     30 30 2,184
Victoria       35 21 1,018
Port William.   30 19 920
Regina     27 21 905
Halifax     27 17 2,435
St. John     24 10 4,007
Saskatoon     23 15 796
Moosejaw     21 15 1,254
Lethbridge ....   20 15 664
Totals    828        589 69,225
On Wednesday morning next tho office of
The Pederatloniat will be (uund in one of
the ground floor promises uf the Labor Temple, .No. 405 Dunsmuir street, one door east
uf tho main entrance of the building. Duri-
ness warrants the change, and The Federationist wants to keep up with the processlun.
Other improvements will bo mado as rapidly as increased' revenue makes it possible.
And if the trado unionists of British Columbia will keep up the present campaign for
Increasing the circulation of The Pederation-
1st, there are all kinds of possibilities ahead.
The management is prepared to go as far as
the momhorelllp daro ttuggest, In making The
Federation 1st meet the needs of the wnge-
workers nf this province, provided thtvclrcu-
latimi is Increased sufficiently.
If yuur union dues tint already subscribe
in a body, payable monthly, see that It does
so nt Its next meeting.
= "TWSlitl«Tii:Wkilltli." HtnruCtorit "-MULLS
- "Tk Sh|lt Tu mi Iht Firmer." Shtarman T I V S
s'TkftfkTuMJtbtBit^m'/Wif I A IS
£ All Ikrec ktUtli ud tfe Pitfc.tfai n*t ■ n AS
-iritblkSMtltTiiHtatrib*. IOweeki25e. S
S THE PUBUC, !22E«i37ihStteil.NtwYock5
Do you always use your tolephono?
Travelling, oven a short distance, takes
tlmu. Your telephone saves minutes and
saves energy. It matters not whether the
party you want is one milu or a hundred
miles away, tho tolephono takes you in a
Don't travel to do business, speak for
a few minutes by telephone. Use the
tolephono Instead of writing; written
communications lack tho directness of
British Columbia Telephone Co. Ltd.
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln the homo of eyetj
Fair. 2624
You Need the CARHARTT Overall
Just ask thc CARHARTT wearer and
Don't let any other dealer substitute
anything else on you
CARHARTT'S are made in our own
Big Union Factory
Entire Eighth Floor, World Building
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or Overooat.
$18.00 to $40.00
Sole Agents for Vancouver
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Whtrt pffica:
Seymour 2988
Uptown Offlee:
Seymonr SM
Ltbor Temple Frew    Sty. MM
Poultry Wanted
Phona Stymour 10B7
910 OnufUte Bt
The Greatest Good to
the Greatest Number
Eight times as many people use the street
cars daily as use the jitney.
If the jitney were allowed to stay at the
cost of driving away the street car, 80,000
to 90,000 people would be inconvenienced
Is that the greatest good to the greatest
number —the principle on which all progress must depend?
The street car service is adequate to meet
every need, and is the only mode of transportation that accommodates all classes of
To sacrifice thc transportation system
that every city of this size on the continent
has found necessary for the temporary
whims of a few who are not concerned with
the rights of the majority, would be poor
If you wish to retain the service of the
street railway, see that conditions make it
possible for it to operate and give your active support to obtaining fair play for your
transportation system.
jg) des&eku PAGE POUR
...July 27, 191
Visit the Beauty Spots
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULPIELDS      "       "  35c
EAGLE HARBOR      "       "  40c
LARSON'S RANCH ......    "       "  50c
HORSESHOE BAY  .....    "       "  50c
Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.  For further
particulars phone Sey. 9547.
Passenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
If lt la not Mil up the
or drop a card to our office, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue Eaat.
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN RETD, Proprietor
Manufacture™ of
Office tnd Worka: Tenth Street        NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
8m aa and lava moaay.
The Jirvia Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Rlchtrda Street
Oet busy and bars roar old bicycle
mad* like new. We wlU enamel and
make yonr wheel luok like new trom
•5.60 up.   All klnde of repalra at
Slt-tli Howe Haitian all
Autocrats »&d Autocracies.
Editor B. O. Federatlonists: Parts of two
editorials, culled from Collier's, issue of tbe
21st July:
A Figure of Speech—German journalism, bere and abroad, Is tlie odor trailing
from tbe motor truck of Prussian autocracy.
Whither the kaiser—chauffeur—drives, there
it obediently and abominably follows."
"Behind the Screen—But over here it
isn't good for us to know too much -about
the deeds of our rulers. Put up and shut
up, are the orders. The newspapers are instructed to print only news officially communicated by tho committee on public information direct from Washington. Thoy
obey with a meekness equally com in end it Ulu
and unexpected. If you read one of them
you read them all.
"It Is easier to run a newspaper nowadays
than it used to be. The contents are supplied in carbon copiea from Washington."
Autocracy is autocracy no matter what
alias it may assume. Patriotism is a cloak
for many autocratic acts, and the Imlu of
patriotism conceals the act from the understanding of thu people.
In Canada, patriotism preached to the
people by the public press concealed an
autocratic act committed by tlie Canadian
parliament which, if committed in Mexico,
would be heralded all over the world by the
press as an outrage committed by tho Mexican government on Its  long-suffering people,
The present Canadian government's term
of office expired In the year HMO. The
members of parliament, and ulso the cabinet
ministers', terms of office expired in that
year and to remain a Canadian government
they bad necessarily to go back to the people
for re-election for another four years. The
parliament whose term of office expired in
191ij did not go back to the people for reelection, lt passed an act extending its own
life and had that act continued by the privy
council, aud now governs Canada, not as a
body elected by tho people (the people's
election expired In 1910) hut as a body
elected by itself, with tbo sanction of the
privy council. This was done ou the plea
that the people's minds Bhould not he distracted from the serious business of war,
to attend to sueh. a smalt matter us tlio election of it government.
I have laughed at this joke played on us
by our government, every day since It was
first proposed. The joke has a serious side
if the people ever question in tho future,
the government's power to legally do business.
Democracies can be just as autocratic as
autocracies If their acts aro garbed in the
cloak of patriotism
Rossland.  B. C„ July 22,  1917.
Unions of Seattle Start More to Establish
Newspaper Under Direction of
Organlied Labor.
The Seattle Union Record, owned by the
central labor council of Seattle, announces
that U Ib ready to begin a campaign to
establish a dally newspaper under tho direction of organised labor, in accordance with
the resolutions adopted at tho convention of
the Washington State Federation of Labor,
held In  Everett last January.
The Union Record aBks 150 members of
local unionB of the state to advance $10
each for a promotion fund to pay for
raising 20,000 to 25,000 advance subscriptions for one year to insure continued
existence of tho paper for that period of
time. Those members or organizations
which contribute to the promotion fund
will be known as "trail blazers for a Labor
dally'' and will receive from the Union
Record a suitablly engraved certificate to
tbat effect that will be It valuable memento
In later years.
The dally labor paper In Seattlo will cooperate with the weekly papers in each locality where they are now established and
It Is expected that each will benefit aa a re-
Rult ot Increased facilities for gathering
Members In this vicinity who are interested should send their $10 to the Seattlo
Union Record, Labor Temple, Seattle.
Planning Educational Campaign.
The New Westminster Diocesan Clerical
Society Ib planning a programme of addresses and papers an the general subject of the
Church and Us relation to modern problems and movements. In this connection,
Rev. J. Hugh Hooper, honorary secretary,
says: 'Perhaps the greatest of all Ib the
Labor problem." For this reason a few
officials of the local trade union movement
have been askod to address a meeting of the
clergy, to be held at Latimer hall,' 1648
Haro street, on March 11, 1918. Vice-president McVoty of the B. G. F. of L., has accepted the invitation,
_m   CIGARS    ▲
MAKERS               ■   ■
tem_c\ :y _
Made by the Highest
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under the most sanitary
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
For Sale Everywhere.
Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
3118 Alberta St., VancouTer, B. 0.                 ^1
V       V       MAJESTIC                      CONCHAS       WM   B
WW      2 for 25c          3 for 25c      mlf
^V                          - ACTUAL BIZKB                           '9jj§
At The Pantages.
Headlining the new bill at The Pantages
for the woek beginning July 30, will be the
big production, "The Mimic World," with
a cast of thirty, mostly girls, and featuring
Felx, America's foremost juvenile comedian.
The offering Ib a complete show In Itself,
the biggest act Manager Pantages has ever
presented, and provides a solid hour of en*
tortalninent. t
"The Mimic World," will bu played In
conjunction with a new and snappy bill of
Pontages  vaudeville.
One of the attractions of tbe program will
be Joo Roberts, dean of the multiple banjo
and a boy who always is given a warm reception here. Roberts has just completed
a tour of the cast and has some new bits
to  offer on his trusty banjo.
Abrams and Johns will present their domestic comedy, "When Hubby Realizes;"
the youthful duo. Smith and McGltire, will
bo seen in "In a Modern Way," while tho
Lampinfs, European comedy Illusionists, will
round out tho bill ***
Boosting The Fed.'s Circulation.
The new Machinists' locnl in Vancouver, No. 777, comes along this week
with an order that The Fedcrntionist
be mailed to each of its 130 members,
for the period of one year.
Hotel Canada
118 Richards Stmt
(N«ar Labor T«mple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
One hundred and forty-two of the deportees from Bisbee, Ariz., carried receipts that showed they had invested
the wealth that they had accumulated
during heir joyous careers, in "Liberty
Bonds." Oh lord, there goes the last
button I
As additional evidence of the earnestness and vigor with which the kaiser of
the United States is going ubout his
self-appointed task of "making the
world safe for democracy," a move is
now on foot in congress to deport all
aliens of draft age to their home countries, so that they own kaisers may be
able to get hold of them and throw
thehi into the European ruling class
stew pot of blood and carnage. We do
not know whether this is really intended to apply to alien "Huns" along
with the rest, but being flrmly convinced of the compelling and uplifting virtue of "British fair play," we sincerely hope it is. What is best for other
aliens ought certainly to be good
enough for "Huub."
At tho request of army officers n
census of nnmes, occupations, citizenship, etc., of the 1150 men who wero
exiled from Bisbee, Ariz., and are now
intorned at Columbus, N.M., has boen
taken. ' This shows that 433 of tho
men ure married und 309 have
children; 250 declnre they own prop'
erty iu Bisbee; 202 subscribed to the
"liberty loan;" 515 hud subscribed to
the Red Cross wur t\md; 02 hud seen
servico in tho regular army, and almost
the samo number hud been "jackies"
in tho navy; 4R0 lind registered for the
draft, thereby signifying their willingness to go forth und do vulitint battle
in order to "make the world safe for
democracy." What a jolt the patriotic
fervor of these loyal ones must have
The Borden conscription measure,
having passed its third reuding on a
v(ot*e of 102 ^to 44, The Fedorationist
takes this opportunity to offer congratulations to tho Germun kaiser for this
latest victory for Prussian "kultur.
Though that much abused individual
may be personally defeated in the present straggle, his soul should be comforted with the solacing thought that
his particular brand of "kultur" is
winning, hands down, throughout the
world. Though he loses his lifo in the
struggle, he may rest assured that his
martial spirit may look down, with that
of "old Fritz," from tho bloody be
yond, upon a rejuvenated world, "goose
stepping" to the tune of "Deutschland
uber alles," interspersed with teeth-
gritting variations from tho "Hymn of
It is a matter of extreme doubt with
some people as to whut sort of Material
the single-taker's head is filled with.
He is always talking nbout taxing land,
and yet we have noticed that all tax-
eaters utilize food products while performing the deglutitive act. Food being a product of industry, it would appear to be drawing upon industry for
thoir food supply. As they do not ent
dirt, it is manifestly clear that they
must look elsewhere than to real estate for their dinner or lunch. They
must pounce'down upon the products
of labor in order to obtain satisfaction
for their appetites. We fear that our
single-taxer has brooded .so long over
philosophy of u past ago that his cero-
bral grey matter has assumed a character closely akin to that of. subsoil and
water thoroughly mixod. That is probably why he is mixed.
From a resident of Winnipeg, visiting in Vancouver we leurn that tho
"returned soldiers," whom the dttily
press so boastfully proclaimed to the
world as having broken up socialist
and anti-conscription meetings in the
former city recently, wero chiofly political soldiers and raw recruits, who had
aevor been any nearer the fighting line
than the front of some Winnipeg bur.
From local observation, we had arrived
at tho conclusion that such most have
been, tho case. We have noted that returned veterans of the wnr aro not
as a rule given to rowdyism and utter
disregard of tho rights of peaceful and
orderly citizens. It is evident that actual experience in modern war has u
far more sobering influence upon the
judgment of men, than the politicnl
bombast, platform frightfulness, whiskey daily press scare-mongering and
similar patriotic stimulant so prolifical-
ly peddled abotu at points of undoubted
safety, far from tho dangers of the firing line,
A clmp by the name of Garabed T.
K. Oiragossian, of Boston, Mass., has
discovered a means of getting unlimited power for nothing. By this means
steamships, locomotives, automobiles
aeroplanes and all kinds of thingumbobs can be run without any eost for
power. So plausible appears his scheme
that tho United States government is
looking into it with a view to turning
it to war purposes. Whilo it may appear impossible to many, no one need
be particularly surprised if it turns
out to be just what is claimed for it
by the discoverer. When we stop to
consider what is accomplished in the
wuy of getting something for nothing
by modern capitalists, and tho marvelous juggling feats of financiers
whereby they conjuro forth untold billions of wealth and treasure out of
nothing more substantial than more
promises to puy something that nover
oxlstcd or can ever be produced, we
need not be surprised at anything thnt
mny be sprung upon us. Besides, there
is nothing in the cognomen of the
aforesaid discoverer to even suggest
the impossible.
Thnt delightful pipe-dream that liberty had been gained for tbe Bussian
peoplo merely by tho overthrowing of
the czar, is now being rudely shattered.
The newly-born liberated ignorantins
are running uway like sheep before tho
approaching storm of the bourgeois
counter revolution, that will thrust
theso millions of illiterate dreamers
into tho harnosB of capitalist exploitation up to date, thero to remain and
keep stop with their equally dull-witted und stupid proletarian brethren of
tho entire capitalist world, until the
timo has come—perhaps a thousand
centuries honce—when tho workers of
nil hinds will hnve accumulated onough
intelligence to discover* that they ure
slaves and to uct in concert for the purpose of getting, rid of their shackles.
About tho best they can do now is to
hunt for jobs nnd whine about tho size
of tho "pny" thoy think they got.
Thoy don't oven know enough to fight
unless driven to it by their mastors.
The action of the Bussintts, ns well as
tho sluves of this western continent,
affords ample proof of the fact. And
thoy never think of nnything so absurd as to fight for themselves, As
they cnn think of nothing but working
for masters, so can they thing of nothing being done in tho way of fighting, except it be done for musters and
at thoir bidding. And that applies ns
well to thc workers of any ono country
it does to tho workers of all.
Business   Agtnt   Hardy    Striving   to   Got
AU Ship industry Laborers Into
One   Big   Union.
At a special meeting, held on Friday night
last. Business Agent Hardy reported the result of the efforts of the delegates to the
Metal TradeB Council with regard to the
scale of wages asked for by the employees
working at Wallace's No. 2 yard. At the
outset the business agent took up the faot
that Mr. Wallace refused to concede a minimum rate of 40 cents per hour, notwithstanding the fact that this minimum rate
was being paid by his Arm at No. 1 yard,
and.although an omission was made in not
having a minimum rate inserted ln the agreement, when the strike settlement waB agreed
to and signed up, it has been understood
and anticipated that 40 cents per hour
would be paid by the Wallace firm dating
from July 15, 1917. The business agent
satisfied himself that there was no settlement on behalf of the laborers, which situation was the direct result of having no or*
The graduated scule of wages was not
supported for the reason that the ship carpenters, supported by the other craft, objected to the organization drafting a
schedule for work which was claimed to be
within the ship carpenters' jurisdiction.
After a long discussion it was resolved
that the delegates bring bsck to the next
meeting of thu Metal Trades Council what
minimum rate the laborers* wanted and the
legates were promised the support of the
. T. C. in any reasonable demands.
There was a particularly lively discussion and at one time there soemed little possibility of an amicable settlement being arrived at. However, wise counsel prevailed
and it was decided to drop the graduated
scalo and ask for a minimum rate of M
cents for men actually' on construction work,
and 45 cents for yardmen; and if no support waB forthcoming to the demand of SO
cents, a minimum rate of 45 cents and five
cents an hour increase for those men already
rated at und above 45 cents per hour.
On the day tho Vancouver Engineering
works was struck (July 19) the business
agent endeavored to get in touch with the
laborers at that yard, but did nut get much
This proposition seemed to he a case of
every one for himself and the devil take the
hindmost. Ur, as ono man said, "What is
the use of one or two coming out and leave
the others In!"
This instance gives one an idea of the
great amount of work ahead. But why cannot these men realize that It Is only by organisation that the workingmun ean hope
to better his condition I A little moral confidence and trust ln his fellow workman is
all that these men need However, other
influences may bring theso men In, and
when they are ready the unions will be glad
to accept them. There Is one cardinal maxim
which applies, not only in this case but tu
the workingclass as a whole, which is that
until a man Is honest with his fellow workman he cannot  be honest with himself.
Sixteen new memberB were initiated. The
meeting was well attended, 104 members
being present.
*    *    *
Thore are very few of the workers doing
unskilled work who realise what a weight
they oan bo in tbe control of the forces
which would or should accelerate the movement for the betterment of the "bottom
dog." Whilst all workingmen are "laborers," It Ib nevertheless a fact that a large
proportion of the class are those who do
work requiring little skill and it is this class
of laborer which has not, as a whole, seriously considered the advantages to bo secured by organisation.
If the men would pauso and consider for
a moment the tremendous strength latent in
their ranks, if Intelligently directed, the
emancipation of the wage slave would not
be In the hasy distance of time, but much
nearer accomplishment. There Is no dearth
of men In this class who are capable and
who possess the capacity for organization
and Intelligent participation In affairs affecting tho Labor movoment.
Tho opportunity offered In Vanconver
alone is full of possibilities. There are the
men in shipyards, engineering works, building trades, city and municipality workers,
teamsters, contract laborers, sewer men, and
many others who, if organised, and affiliated
to ono parent body would, In numbers at
least, be tho strongest aggregation of workers In the city. Knowing this as we do. Is
it not surprising that the potential strongth
of this bunch of men is lying dormant and
a positive drag and hindrance to the rapid
realization of Labors's anticipations!
Before the consummation of our Ideals
can be accomplished, however, the boys have
to purge themselves of a few antiquated aud
barbarous conceptions of comradeship. Their
Ideas dato back to beyond pagan times.
Jealousy, distrust ot one's fellow worker,
the right of might, class distinction; theae
aro some of the stumbling blocks to tho development of the movement which Is the
only salvation of a wage slave.
The pronouncing of class distinction Is
decidedly unsavory in one's mouth, and yet
class rivalry is rife, even In the ranks of
the workers, and the elimination of an idea
which is so foreign to any conception of
social emancipation' Is one of the things
which has of necessity to bo cut out of Labor's ranks.
Let us all forget this and get down to
business and remember that it Is only by
complete co-operation of all men, whether
skilled or unskilled, that the emancipation
of the workers is tn be obtained and the
downfall of capitalism consummated.
Lut us not forget thore Is only one battle
to fight—the flght for the right to live free
and .unfettered of any political tyranny and
of the chaliiB of capitalist slavery, and that
it is up to us at this time to flght for the
freedom of our children and our children's
children and endeavor to obtain for them
a better opportunity of getting a fair snare
of this world's good things. After all, it
is little enough to flght for, when we consider who is responsible for our children
being on earth.
Boys I Forget you ever had a boss, and assert yourselves; be aggressive; be men and
demand your rights. You havo nothing to
lose and everything to gain. Sink your
petty differences and get together If you
do, you will surprise even yourselves. The
master class Ib well organised and it Is to
your Interest to see to it that your organised efforts are of a strength which will
brook no hindrance.. Educate yourselves,
educate your fellow worker, educate your
children along the lines most essential tu
the betterment of your class, H.
Delivered to and from
all Boats, Trains, and any
part of tbe oity.
by Experts
Pianos Moved
and Hoisted
Phone us day or night
Seymour 60S and 405
Great Northern
O. N. Railway
Main Street
Of America <£_**
torrents onto, hmihihiiid noi
Ilk for thl. Libel whin purchiiioi Beer,
Ate or Porter, H ■ fuirintee thlt lt ll Union
Hide. Thli ll onr Label
A Delicious Healthful Drink
There is no other beverage that will refresh and revive like a glass of delicious CASCADE BEER.
Cascade is brewed by union workmen, in the most
modern plant on the Pacific coast.
CASCADE is for sale on draught or bottled at all
hotels_and liquor stores. Brewed and bottled at the
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Every season the Stetson factory puts out a new FeaturevHat,
This fall they have named it the Stetsonian. We are now able
to show you this hat, unci have it in all colors. This hat will
bc very popular this fall, and you will do well to come in and
try one on.
Wc also carry a full line of union-made HATS in both
American and English makes.
61 Hastings Street East
Phone Sey. 2229.
Close Saturday 1 p.m.
All Day Cruise Among the Beautiful
Mountains of Howe Sound
Threo steamers leave tho Union dock daily at 9.15 a.m. Sunday at
10.30 a.m. calling at Bowen Islnnd, Britannia Minos, Squuinish und wuy
points at 7. 30 p.m.
A steamer will loavo tho Union dock on Saturdays nt 2 p.m. for
Bowen Island direct, and leave Bowen Islnnd nt 0.30 a.m. Monday.
With our splondid hotel servico, this makes a delightful woek-end.
Terminal Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.
Pbone Seymour 6330*0331
M. E. McCOY, Manager
THE Tea that has a smack, that gives a
zest to every meal. , You are bound to
like it if you try it. It is rich and fragrant, fine and delicious.
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Seymonr 2482 EUpAY July 27, 1917
The wool situation ia getting to be very critical—a great
many factories are not booking any mofe orders for this
year, but we are pleased to announce that we anticipated this
condition and governed our stocks accordingly, putting us in
a position which will nable us to supply aU the yarn required
for soldiers' comforts. We have a complete assortment of
Baldwin's Double Knitting Yarn, in black, white, grey, khaki,
heather and natural at $2,60.
We have also'plenty of Bonnerworth No. 3, in grey arid
khaki, at $2.26. J	
Also Paton's Wheeling Tarn, in shades of grey, heather and'
natural, at $2.26 per lb.
  maaratuaxa  itra     atmntt i hwwmT ttatat ammtatatm
Granville and Georgia Streets
JV9> 1 7
Men's Straw Hats
This is one of our annual clean-up
sales—a sale of THIS SEASON'S
STRAWS.   Just ao as not to carry over.a single one.   Half pnee ought
to do tho trick.   Just think of it—only half price for
• And Ladles' New $5.00 Panamas for $2,60
Note—We have also quite an assortment of men's odd Btraw hats—an
accumulation of choice "left overs"—odd sizos and running regularly
to $4.00. To clear at 60 cants each. These are* not to be conflicted with
the hnlf prico lines mentioned above.
(Continued from Page Ono.)
(1917 pack now on the market)
1-lb. Jars
4-lb. Una
Ask your
grocer for
—has the flavor and purity of
home-made jam.
—is backed by our guarantee of
"satisfaction or your money
Vaneoaver, B. 0.
There is always a groat deal of satisfaction when you buy a baby car at this
store. Apart from tho fact that you aro
buying a locally-made article, yoa aro buying a safo and sound cnr that will bo comfortable for baby—and easy for mother.
Our cars aro made in our own Vancouver
factory by skilled ond experienced pooplo
—they nre mado of tho very finest materials; they are dosigned oa common sense
lines to offer the utmost that any bnby
car could offer.
New models built on the latest scientific
principles, nnd complete with all improvements are priced from .$19.75
Our new illustrated catalogue is post
freo to out-of-town buyers.
Comfort for Baby
CL      *    D L    f* (Gi S- SHAW *c0,)
ull&W S   D&DY   LcirS   804 Robson Street, Vancouver
tions sought, after the union set the
pace with other firms. But when it
cable to doing business with the organizations involved the manager stubbornly refused to deal with them aB
such. Nor will the company concede
the same conditions as obtain in the
other shops. Negotiations were carried
on as far as possible by the union representatives. But tho management of
the Vancouver Engineering Works re*
fused to do business with the "union."
Hence the walkout. And hence the
stillness now pervading the premises of
the aforesaid firm.' We have gone the
limit to assist this and other firms. We
have been, and are, willing to do our
part if the employers are willing to
play ball.: But inasmuch as Mr. Giles
is evidently looking for trouble he will
probably find it. He will discover who
makes his business possible. The laborers and helpers around the Vancouver
Engineering WorkB plant are not receiving a square deal, and the more
highly-paid mechanics intend, while
they are at it, to see that they get it.
There is no need to decry the fact
that in a few instances some of the
old-time employees are guilty of strikebreaking. We can win this atrike without them and in.spite of them. However, it is interesting to note, in this
connection, a definition given of a
"scab." In a recent issue of The
Outlook, Dr. W. S.. Bainford relates
some of his experiences in endeavoring
to hearten and uplift the driftwood of
the industrial stream, the fallen and
the discouraged men. He has found
that there is a connection between the
scab and tho bum, tho flrst frequently
being the cause and the other the result. Scabbing and strike-breaking
destroy the man's moral fiber. He realizes that the wages received for his
degrading work are paid to him for his
treachery, and that he receives no respect from those who use him as a
mercenary to fight against his fellowmen. His habits of life and the guilty
knowledge which haunts him destroys
his self-respect, and, kills all worthy
"Tho scab is ou a lower moral level
than the union man. This may be an
unpleasant doctrine, but it is only the
truth, and both scab and labor unionist know and admit it. The scab has
Bet himself against the recognized
armies of his class and has become a
traitor to his cause. I am not saying
that that cause as advocated is necessarily good and just; whether it be
either or neither does not make any
difference. Ho has been forced to obey
the crudet ofs all instinct—that of
self-preservation—-and to do this he has
sinned against a higher, later, moro
complex, more advanced social instinct.
• ■* * To fill his belly ho has betrayed
his cause, and to betray it is to sin the
unforgivable sin."
"H.S.N." ln Open Letter to Mr. Giles.
Mr. Giles, Dear Sir: As one of your
striking employees, I take this opportunity to express my views and opinions on the present striko situation. I
take thiB method of doing so because
I am not allowed to speak to you on
tho Bubject as a "union" man, Now,
Mr. Giles, I want to nsk a fair question: Would it be establishing a precedent if the representatives of organized capital in the engineering industry were to meet the representatives of
organized labor in the engineering in
dustryt Assuming that you are pre
pared to admit that such a precedent
is already established, what am I to
understand is the roason for your refusal to meet the man or men who represent met Are you afraid that our
case would bo put before you so
clearly that you could not fail to understand it, or do you believo that organized labor has no right to first consideration in modern industry! Organized
labor has so controlled conditions and
wages in industry that it has made unrestricted competition among many industrial concerns impossible. Standard
conditions have been introduced into
most engineering firms of any note,
thus standardizing production. Any
rise in the cost of living among the
laboring class must of necessity be ac-.
companied by a rise in tho wage standard, as thc standard of living of tho
working class must not be reduced.
Now, Mr. Giles, your shop, and many
more in Vancouver, is running on tho
unrestricted competitive basis, the re-
August 20 to 25,1917
Great Woriham Shows
Seen for First Time in the West
Horse Races Every Day
Prizes for All Kinds of Work
H. S. ROLSTON, Manager
Pmldent of Vancouver Plumbers' union;
secretary Metal Trades councU; delegate
to Trades and Labor council, and an ex-
councillor of South Vanoouver, who was
last week elected as a delegate of the
I'lumbera and Steam Fitters association, to
be held at Toledo, 0., commencing Aug.
suit being that you are unable to introduce standard conditions in your
works. Organized labor is prepared to
uae its resources to obtain just and
fair conditions and wages in Vancouver. So that, Mr. Giles, is the situation as I Bee it; but I am only "ono of
your striking employees."
' (Continued from Page One.)
nese employees are asking for two cents
more per thousand than the whites.
However, it iB posBible that the whites
may be able to get the Chinese to come
to a moro '' reasonable'' frame of mind.
But at tbat, it's a Bight for the gods.
Trades and Labor Council Meets.
At the regular meeting of the Boyal
City Trades and Labor council last
night, election of officers occupied a
ood deal of the time. The results fol-
aw: President, J. T. Feeney, cigarmakers; vice-president, C. Craig, machinist; general secretary, 'W. Yates,
strqet railwaymen; financial secretary-i
treasurer, T. O'Brien,, civic employees;'
sergeant-at-armB, H. Knudsen, cigarmakers. The appointment of all standing committees was held over till next
meeting. All the offices were contested
for except that for president and secretary.
The board of trade having asked,the
council to elect a representative to that
body, Del. Yates gave notice of motion
that he would ask at next meeting that
the request be complied with.
Reports of uniona indicated that
trado conditions were improved; everybody working, especially with the machinists and civic employees. The machinists hero will lay ofl on their campaign for the, eight-hour, day until more
sottled conditions obtain at Vancouver.
The quostion of electing a delegate to
tho Ottawa convention of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, in September,'was laid ovor till next meeting.
It was announced by President
Feeney during the evening, that ho
could arrange for temporary omploymont for all the striking shingle weavers, if they so wished.
(Co ntinued from Page One.)
to tho present constitution havo been
formulated for submission to the convention at Providence, B. I., in September.
Inasmuch as Division No. 101 is
sending a dolegate to the Ottawa convention of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, some very definite instructions will likoly be given Delegato
Cottrell covoring the wishes of tho
A notice of motion bofore the last
meeting has to do with a rebato for attendance at meetings. It will probably
bo up for discussion at next meeting.
Every member Bhould bo there.
As mentioned last week, President
Hubblo had beon instructed to go into,
tho quostion of poll tax reduction from
August 8 payday envelopes. Since then
Mr. Hubblo has arranged to have tho
ovil day postponed until August 23rdr
so that the membership will have had
an opportunity to pay their taxes and
produce, if possible, a receipt for at
least a gross provincial, city or municipal taxation of $5, thus securing
exemption under tho act. Water rates
are not considered rovonuo in this respect. But marriage licenses, gun tnx,
big gumo tax or the payment of taxes
for 1910, will count as revenue and
thus secure exemption. Naturally the
payment of 19J7 taxes implies payment
of lOlfi taxes, and thereforo thc exemption would obtain.
Over thirty thousand Pig Clubs arc
snid to hnvo been organized in the
United Statos. It is reported that
Joseph FlnvcUc is heartily in favor of
introducing a similar forward movement into Canada.
The Chicago Evening Post chortles
gleefully over thc fact that Stokes nnd
his wifo, Spargo, Russell, Walling
Simons and oilier Americans hnve loft
tlio American Socialist pnrty and
rnnged themselves with tho American
junkers in their struggle to ndopt German "kultur" in the United States.
behaved persona things that they are
not, and accusing them of possessing
attributes or peculiarities to which
they are entire strangers, was stopped.
Van H. Manning, director of tjie
bureau of mines, Washington, D. C,
says: "Last year the United States
mined 600,000,000 tons of coal, the
greatest production ever witnessed in
the world, and of this amount we
wasted 150,000,000 tons, or 25 per eent.
through inefficient 'use.'' This enor-
mouse produetion of coal is equivalent
to six tons for eaeh person in the re*
publie, or 30 tons per family. Can any
sane person even for a moment imagine
that such an amount of coal per year
could be put to any use necessary to
the comfort and well-being of the
people as* a wholet What does the
average family enjoy that calls for the
mining of 30 tons of coal per annum t
The size of it all is that the mining
of this enormous amount of coal is not
made necessary beeause of the legitimate and healthy requirements of a
free people, but is called forth for the
upbuilding and maintenance of capital-
ist property and its baneful rule. It
is the product of slaves, brought forth
to conserve the purposes of a master
class and add to its pomp, magnificence
and power. The waste is not confined
to the 150,000,000 tons referred to.
Like all produetion under slavery it is
all wasted, in so far as conserving any
healthy human purpose is concerned. If
any one possesses a doubt of this let
them take a look at the world situation
of today, with Europe as its centre,
and therein contemplate the culmination of ten thousand years of human
slavery. It is indeed a most comforting spectacle.
In speaking of the deportation of
Btrlking miners from Bisbee, Ariz., recently, the United Mine Workers' Journal, says: "The miners of Bisbee have from the beginning been denied their right to join with each other
and other workers in the industry for
self-advancement." Tut, tut, Brother!
and then tut, tut again. Why delude
yourself T Man alive, they never had
any such right, either at Bisbee or
anywhere else. They have sometimes
been allowed here and there to "join
with each other, etc.," not as a right,
but aB a privilege granted by their owners and masters. Slaves have no rights.
Let that soak into your head for keeps.
It is such a self-evident truth that we
are almost ashamed to call your attention to it. Slaves never did have any
rights, for slaves are only things and
things don't have any standing in the
court of reason, when it comes down to
a matter of rights. It is only men
with the courage and strength to seize
upon and defend their rights, that deserve to ever have any, or that will
ever get any. Slaves are not men, and
cannot become men except by discarding their shackles and throwing their
masters from their backs. Anybody
that talks about the rights of alaves,
must either be ill-informed or an intentionally wicked humorist.
Jean McN : Like the mayor and
yourself we havo been grievously
shocked upon many occasions over the
evidences of immorality that from
time to time crop up in this city. We
have long since quit going to the bathing beaches, where grown-up men and
women are so lost to all reverence for
time-honored convention and prude-
molded shame aB to actually bid defiance to our long-hidden curiosity, by
parading bare-legged before our shocked and startled vision with an impudent swagger as if to assert that legs
were really nothing to be ashamed of,
even though some of them were actually crooked outwardly and yet others in
the reverse direction. The last time
we were there, so shocked were we,
that we coverod our face with our
hands as against tho moro shocking
specimens, and cautiously and yet discreetly peeked through our fingers at
those which appealed more comfortingly to our artistic nature. But doubly
shocked are wo at the awful disclosure
you have made to the mayor in regard
to tho audaciously immoral practice indulged in by Chink peddlers in offering
vegetables of lustily suggestive development, like unto the sample submitted, .to their innocent and unsophisticated femalo customors, especially
the pious precincts of the
west end, without drapery or
other suitable provision against
the possibility of virtuous innocence being led to unholy and impure thought by vulgar and immodest
display of what ought to be covered
up, even in vegetables. You did right
in calling tho mayor's attention to the
sinfulness of thc Chink. Wo hopo "his
worship" will take steps at once to
put a stop to such immoral practice,
even if ho finds it necessary to "stool
pigeon" tho wicked Chink, even as he
"stool pigeoned" the deceitful teapot
once upon a time. It is scarcely to
bo supposed, howover, that he will uso
female "stool pigeons" in this case,
for reasons thnt will bo obvious to
you. We recommond that ho oither organize a special purity squud of ancient moles for tho occasion,, or appoint Magistrate South ns censor of
vegetable morals. You are to bo com
mended for your admirnblo presence of
mind in tho face of this grave and insidious assault upon public morality
nnd which you demonstrated so unmis-
t ak'ably by promptly putting '' his
worship" wise to it.
Upon examination of tho gunru
records by Capt. W. F. Rhinow (military secretnry to Governor Burnquist)
it was found that the militia money
was "unaccounted for" to the amount
of $38,000. This cuused tho state military board to recommend that Adjt.
Gen. Fred B. Wood bo removed from
ofllce "in the interest of the Minnesota national guard." This would
look as though Gon. Wood got tho
"rhino," although Capt. Rhinow got
him. It is but fair to state that the
adjutant general has not yet been accused of being either a slacker or a
pro-Gorman, nor is thoro any evidence
at hand to show that he is in any manner affiliated with thc I. W. W.
The Federationist desires to express
hearty approval of tho good work of
Mr. Georgo Windsor of Englnnd in repudiating silly and Hcnseless titles and
nomenclature designed during tlio middle ages for tlio purpose of cultivating
the servile and belly-crawling procilivi-
tics of fawners, sycophants and toadies.
It is a good work aad Bhould be energetically pushed along by tho common
herd refusing to longer mouth tho
ridiculous and flatulent gibberish of
"sir" this and "my lord" thnt;
"your worship" or "your highness;"
"your majesty" or "your reverence;"
"your imperial" ono thing nnd "your
royal" another. In fact, it is high
time that the preposterous practice of
calling otherwise respectable and woll*
Tho nlwuys truthful press has been
busy of lute in spreading tho yarn that
owing \$ lack (tf reinforcements to relievo them, a considerable number of
Canadian troops who have been at the
front since the early days of the war,
cannot be given relief they so sorely
need. It would seem that soldiers who
have been so long in tho trenches certainly ought to be entitled to a good
long period of rost and recuperation.
As we havo beon repeatedly told that
tho number of Canadian troops actually in tho trenches is about 80,000, and
no less an authority than Robert Borden, tho Bothmann-Hollwog of Canada,
stated in tho House of CommonB no longer ago than the 17th of thc
present. month, that we have
about 300,000 mon overseas at
the the present time," we would
really liko to know what the 220,000—
this being the numbor that aro not in
active trench/aervice—aro doing. In
a speech beforo Borno "Biblo society"
in Loudon on May 2, 1017, tho same
Borden said; "Wo have sont from tho
manhood of Canada to this war, in ono
wny and anothor, no less than 300,000
mon." Tho total enlistment for tho
war has been recently given as approximately 4.30,000. The difference between
430,000 and 80,000 is 350,000. What
has becomo of all of theBe monf Havo
they been cithor all killed or disabled,
and is thnt tho renson thero are none to
relievo the ones among tho 80,000 who
havo been so long held in the trenches!
Or is it a fact thnt the ruling class
woodpile is so numerously peopled with
political pap-sucking niggers and satraps on schemes of tyranny bent, that
there is noxt to nothing left for active
Bervice at the front? If all but 80,000
out of 430,000, have been killed or dis-
Timely News of Camp
FOLDING CAMP COTS—All steel, with link fabric spring ..... IS.86
CAMP COT—Wood trtae, folding legi, woven wire spring .1356
BOLL-UP MATTEESS—Filled with cotton felt, for above coti .fUO
OLD HICKORY CHAIBB—For gardeu, lawns and porches, AM to 110
CANVAS DECK CHAIBB—With arms, reclinig back, adjustable to fonr
positions, 11.60; with toot rest, price 11.00
TELESCOPE) CAMP CHAIBS-Canvas teat and back, folds flak   Begular »1.60.   To clear.  85c
With back 	
FOLDING CANVAS CAMP COTS-Prieee -..-tl.75, 32.88, SMO
FOLDING CAMP TABLES-Sise 20i20.   Price , W.00
—Third Floor
buy your
Ford car now
•■p HE Ford car has always been the popular car with
*• the workingman because ■
—The price was within his reach
—The cost of operation and upkeep was exceptionally
low (
—The car met his demands just as fully as any ear on
the market. ,
Thousands of workingmen in B. O. ate enjoying
the convenience and enjoyment afforded by tke
—Why not yon—think about lt
Phone as tomorrow and wo will arrange for a
demonstration and tell you about terms, etc.
WE advise you to buy your Ford now. Last week
we brought in a shipment of M cars. These are
now about gone. When they are sold, there's no telling when we can get another shipment through. We
also advise you that we cannot guarantee delivery of
cars at present prices for any definite period.
Runabout      Touring
$475      $495
F.O.B F.O.B.
FOBD, Ont       FORD, Ont
Phones Seymour 3071 and 3076
abled, and Canada has jiot yet done her been raised, provided that Britain has
share in tho war, how many should now! done no less than her share in the de-
be left out of the army of Great Bri* j Ughtful performance! Our conecrip-
tain, which Lloyd George recently stat- tionist scare-mongers do raise most per-
ed to be tho greatest that had ever | plezing questions, to be sure.
"Qualify Dtnllilry"
Sinews of Steel
—and a body that is otherwise in good trim
will yet fall far short of perfect development
if the teeth are allowed to decay and fall
away. Decide now, and act on your decision,
to have your teeth made good. Neither the
fear of pain nor high prices need keep you
from my offices. Written guarantees. Dental nurse.
Tel. Sey. 2715 for an Appointment.
Second Floor
Buk of Ottawa
Doctor Grady
"The Qualify Denllil"
602 Hastings Street West
Ofllcei open
Thi. A Jtl Bv'fs.
understand your policy. Know what thc contract
you make means to you. You are vitally interested
in knowing the exact terms—what thc policy stands
for—thc return your family will receive from the
Company when thc policy matures.
The policy contract of thc CONFEDERATION
LIFE ASSOCIATION is printed in simple language,
so that you 4nd your wife can understand its value.
It is not necessary to consult a lawyer to find out
thc meaning.
Thc protection the policy, affords is definitely expressed—there arc no. ambiguous phrases to confuse
and mislead. You purchase a policy to protect your
own future or thc future of your wife and children
—be sure that it does protect.
Ask our Agents to show you a sample Twenty-year
Endowment, or a Twenty-payment Life Policy.
Confederation Life Association
The time to
lock the stable door
T S before the horse ia stolen—and the time to give atfren*
■*■ tlon to your teeth Is ^vhile it i8 possible to save the natural teeth.
T^ID you ever realize how rapidly decay worka on a tootht
*-* It is only a little spot today, but in a short time it affects tho entire tooth structure, and the tooth breaks down—
the roots become diseased and then trouble which is really
serious us far as your goneral health is concerned begins.
Just think this over—can you afford to run the risk?
My office is fully equipped for making a thorough examination of your teeth, and I will gladly advise you as to the
best means of overcoming defects which lnay be shown.
Prompt attention given to patients from out-of-town. Phone
for an appointment aa soon ns yoa arrive in the city. * ,
Phone Sey 3314
Make appointment
with dental nurse
or call
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
Cor, Dummnlr Private entrance
J. W. Foster
"The House of Quality"
Agents for Fit-Feform.and Society Brand Clothes
and Burberry Coats
345 Hastings Street West
and Rogers Building
Granville Street
Conciliation Board Makes Beport After
Occupying Three Months in
The Telegraphers' conciliation board
in connection with the C. P. R. commercial operators' demands, has, after
three months' negotiation, nrrived at
the following decision, acceptable
both sides;
Western oporators will work 8 1-2
hours on day shifts, and 7 hours on
night shifts, starting after 8 p. m., and
7 1-2 hours on split tricks. Tlie minimum aalary ,will be $95 a month, rising
to a maximum of $110.
Under conditions existing up to the
present, day operators worked 9 hours,
and night men 8 houra. The minimum
salary was $85, with a maximum of
$105, so that lower paid operators ob
tain an increase of $10 a month, and
older men $5 a month.
Has Initiated Movement to Ensure
Stability of I. T. tr. Mortuary.
The July bulletin of the Northwest
Typographical Conference announces
that Vietoria Typo, union intends to
submit a proposition at the coming I,
T. U. convention covering the old age
pension and mortuary benefit funds.
These features, of" the International
Typographical union, have been in force
practically ten years. While, at the
time the funds were started, thc assessments seemed to be ample for the
purpose, in the laat few years, ns the
calls on the funds have increased, much
doubt has arisen as to the permanent
stability of the funds. For this reason Victoria union recommends thnt a
competent actuary be engaged to ascertain whether the funds are on a sound
permanent financial basis. This appears to be a logical and sensible way
to get at the subject and, with the statistics for the past ten years available,
a definite conclusion can be arrived at.
Art  for Ubor  Tomplo   'Phono Exchange,
Soymonr  7496   (union   otherwise   ■toted).
Boilermakers—J. H.  Carmlchael, Room 212,
Labor Temple.
Bridge   and    Structural    Iron    Workers—R.
-MasKecar, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 617—Jas.
Robiaon. Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenterfl, No. 2647—F. L.
Barratt, Room 208.
Civic Employees—V. R. Midgley, Room 210.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Boom
207.    Sey. 8510.
Oooks and Walters—A. Graham, Room 804.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue. Office phone, Seymour 4704;  residence,   Fairrotfnt  1825X.
Longshoremen's Association—Ii. Marsh, 10
Powell Btreet; phone Sey. li:tS9.
Musicians—E. A. Jamieson, Room 805.
Painters—H. Grand, Room 308.
Pile Drivers and Wooden Brldgemen—W.
Plumbem—J. Cowling, Room 20616. Sey.
Salient—W. S. Burns, 218 Hastings Btreet
west.   Sey. 8708.
Shipbuilders' Laborers—W. Hardy, Labor
Steam and Operating Engineers — W. A
Alexander, Room 216.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Prior. Phone exchange
Seymour 5000. Residence, Fairmont 541R,
Typographical—R.  H.  Neelands,  Room "206.
The Labor Day Edition of
The B. C. Federationist
—will be off thc press on the last day of August. Ia thiB yearly review
of the past year, The Federationist will strongly appeal to its readers to
place their patronage with those who patronize this publication—tbe
official paper of the Labor people of Western Canada.
—in this edition is offered to the merchant, who haB the* proper goods,
at the right prices, an ideal opportunity of communicating the fact to
Federationist readers. The amount of advertising space is limited, and
therefore it is neceaB.ary that Immediate reservation be made to tell the
Phone the Advertisement Department of Tba B, 0. Federatlonist, BEY.
7496. A representative will call and furnish all information as to space
rates, etc.
Early space and copy means satisfactory
position and display
Ask our Employees the wages they are paid, and
how they are treated.
We think this is the largest stock in Western Canndn, and we would
like to show you that this statement is correct.   See our special
English Worsted Suits
Wm. Dick, Ltd.
Tour Money't Worth or Tour Montr *■*■»**
Bacon, sliced, per lb 30c
Ayrshire Bacon 30c and 36c
18 IHs. B. C. Sugar $1.66
Slater's Tea, lb 30c
Slater's Coffee, lb ZSc
Apex Jam, 4*lb. tins  46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jello, 3 for 26c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
Delivery to All Parts
131 Hastings St. East    Say. 3262
830 OranvUta St.      Say. 888
S214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
Ii the Natural Food,
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous food  expert,  says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in thc fact that it is a complete food."
When yon drink n glass of
milk, costing 2%c, you fortify
yonr body with as much energy
nnd nutriment ns you would oh*
tain from it can of tomatoes or a
half-pound  of chicken.
Bat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and lee Cream.
Be Healthier,
Spend L'ess.
The Best Styles
in Women's
Misses' and
Children's Bathing Suits
Women's Knitted Cotton
or All-wool Bathing Suits,
in plain shades, trimmed
in contrasting colors.
Prices range from $2.00
to $9.75.
A special line of one-piece
Bathing Suits in navy,
stockinette, clearing at
$1.60 each.
Jersey Bathing
Suits in various colors,
for ages 8 to 14 years, at
$3.60 to $5.76.
All-wool Bathing Suits for
'ages 2 to 8 years at $1.76,
$2.00 to $3.50.
Bathing Caps at 25c to
575 Granville "Phone Sey, 3540
Continued from Page 1
Editor B. 0. Federationist: "Progress
through Sacrifice," is'the heading of
an article appearing in the United Mine
Workers' Journnl of July.12. Will you
kindly allow me to reply to it through
the columns of The Fedorationist.
"Progress through sacrifice." What a
beautiful anomaly! How splendid thnt
pictures District 18 in the recent strike.
Three months did our men stnnd shoulder to shoulder, facing thoir common
enomy, the profiteer, and the man who
owns the machine. District 18 stood
alone; fought its own battle and came
out in the lust line of trenches of the
enemy. We called for supports, but the
international would not come to our assistance. But we got there all the
same. We called for water, but they
gave us the juice of the sour grape. We
called for bread for our littlo ones.
They gnvo us a stone. Our mothers,
oar wives, sisters and brothers all stood
together, sacrificing themselves as only
real organized men. and women can, who
know their position in society. Yes, we
won, but at what a sacrifice! Yes, we
have progressed. We hnve made history. We members of District 18 are
proud of our membership. Notice whnt
it says: "The miner Btnnds higher in
the nation's interests as a producer
than he has ever done before." Did
the writer ever tnke the trouble to find
out why! Let me tell him, because
only through the miner continuing to
mine coal; only through him continuing
to sacrifice his life, is it possible for the
wholesale profiteering in munitions
works and the manufacture of the essentials of the hincbine-owner to go on.
Yes, we are proud, as it haB taught us
a lesson. Why, s.ire we have placed,
another bar on our medals. Our colors'
do not hang in a beautiful cathedral.
You can find thom anywhere you hear
the hum of the machine; the crack of
the rifle; the shrill whistle of the fast-
moving train or steamboat. That is
where you will find our colors, The
blood of the worker! Look nt tho emblem of the United Mine Workers of
America—hand-grasping hand, internationalism; a long word, a fundamental
word; but when we of District IS tried
to pull that hand acrosB thp mystic demarcation, what happened! Why it
slipped, and all we could see was, the
FBIDAY.. July 2?, 191.
sidered us a potent factor in the future.
Telling of the conditions in London in
her youthful days, Miss Gutteridge said
she wondered then at the different state
in which the two classes lived, one in
poverty and degradation, the other in
affluence, and when as it child she nBked
the reason, she was told "it was the
will of God.'.'
Later on entering the militant suffragette movement, she discovered the
reasons for things, and found that even
the smiill right of freo speech had been
won by the workers banding together
against the rulers in the bygone days.
The Tyranny of Germany.
"I wns told today," said she, "that
if I were in Germany 1 sliould not be
nllowed to appear on a platform such
as this, iiiul that if the Germans took
Canada there would be no free speech^
If the'oonscription bill passes, the right
of free speech will be lost to us anyway. This bill menns the chaining of
tho slaves to their jobs by the penalties
which can be enacted if they brenk
away, their shooting down by the military into which their brothers will have
been forced, if they refuse to work
when required.
Some English Democracy.
Thc speaker then pointed out how
the munitions tribunal in Great Britain
performed itB functions, telling the audience of an incident whero two girlB
were fined fifty pounds each for refusing to work on the making of a dangerous poison, after being brought before
the board. "This is not a war of democracy aguinst nutocrucy," said the
speaker. "It is simply a wnr of capital against capital, and Groat Britain
is fighting because she wishes to keep
Germany from monopolizing the markets of the world."
Belgium and the Congo.
' "They/talk of gallnnt littlo Belgium
today," said she, "but thev did not
years ago when King Leopold wns investing his spnre money In tho Congo,
and the terrible atrocities in connection
with the rubber industry were being
Oold Storage Comment.
"Until I see a more democratic spirit
behind the conscription movement, I
am absolutely opposed to it on behalf
of the workers," said Miss Gutteridge.
And until they take over the whole
question of food and wealth, and see
that all receive their fair share of the
products of the country, I will not believo their talk of democracy. And
whon such condition prevails there will
be no need for conscription." Commenting on tho "cold storage" plans
oJJ the Council of Women, tho speaker
asked if any one iu the audience ever
heard of a worker having enough money
to buy food in sufficient quantities to
need a cold storage outfit to keep it in,
a remark which drew forth laughter
from the audience, who realized the
stern truth of hor statement.
Mr. Kingsley'b Speech.
"I do not intend to put up tiny pitiful plea o£ protest against conscription
of man power," he said, "for I will
tell you straight to your faces that you
have nsked for it, and I hopo you will
get it. For years a few zealots have
been telling you, und trying to show
you you are only slaves, nnd thut if
you wanted to got unywhere, you must
combine against the mnsters in order to
throw tho shackles of slavery from your
limbs. You've listened to them in the
pust, but you hnvo got right up from
your seats and have gone and exercised
your little prerogative of voting for
the class which is today still further
rivetting tho fetters upon your limbs.
Now, take your medicine, and for heaven's tsnke, don't squeal.
"Wiry worry nbout conscription,"
asked he". "You are already conscripted in industry and cannot got away
without strirviug to death. Why talk
about the loss of the blessed right to
strike! Why evon God Almighty could
not tnke that from a mule, becnuse
even that animal can balk, but do you
get anywhere with your striking!"
Slavery and Its Result.
"Slnvery, which consists of serving
masters for the master's profit, oxists
just as truly today aB it did in the old
times of the chattel slaves, nnd every
war from the earliest to the present,
has arisen from quarrels between musters over the plunder accruing from the
skinning of slaves." Snid the spenker.
"It is folly to sny that the end of this
war will Bed tlie end of all wars, unless
thero is to bc an end of this slavery,
for just so long ns the muster exists oa
the onc hand, mid the slnvo un the
othor,'so long will wnr follow wnr. Tulk
of liberty," said he. "Thc vory act of
enforcing service gives the lie to such
babble, and renders those who aro thc
subjects of the proposed meusure slaves,
who toil, and sweat nnd die, but cannot
touch a copper of the wealth of their
own producing, save enough to keep
them alive to work, nnd that only by
permission of the masters."
Speaking of the propound conscription
of wealth, Mr. Kingsley said it was tho
greatest joke ever perpetrated on the
Men's Trousers
Our assortment is very large
and complete.
Trousers made of materials which-
will  stand  lots  of hard  wear;
well-tailored  and  of neat  patterns.
For Business or Dress
A nice range of worsted, tweed
and serge fabrics; stylishly fashioned and of good wearing quality. Sold under "Our Bight Selling Plan," per pair*—
02.50, |3, 14, $6, tt, 57 and 18
home, safe from bombs and high cxplo-
siveB, and eat, drink and enjoy himself,
while the slave is' torn to piecos, maim*
ed and crippled,"
Continuing, the speaker said: "We
demand justice and human rights, but
let me tell you that the slave can never
be a man. The only time a slave shows
he has anything in him which might
eventually develop into manliness, is
when he starts to fight for hiB liberty
and against the shackles of the master.
That servile thing that is evory ready
to bend the neck to tho yoko, and do
tho behest of tho muster, can never bo
a man, and I wouldn't dare to call it a
dog, for fear the meanest cur in Vancouver would bito mo for thus libelling
thc ennine race"
The Workers Do the Trick.
Mr. Kingsley pointed out that thc
votes of tho workers put the representatives in their plnces in tho legislative
halls, because the slnves outnumbered
tho musters by many to one. .' Govern,
ment." snid he, "do yo,i renlize the
meaning of tho wordf It means somo
person or persons who govern or rule,
who make laws, lnws, laws, und enforce
thom for the specific purpose of enabling thoso who mnke thorn to pick thc
pockets of those they -govern, for to
govern Is to rob. These laws they nro
now going to add to by mnking u law
calling for compulsory service."
"Believe me, my friends," continued
ho, "if ever tho workers got into those
houses of parliament, their' business
will not bo to ranko moro laws, but to
wipe out the wholo infamous mess of
ruling cluss law nnd wnsh its inquities
into the sewer of oblivion. The mnster's
law to govern the sluve, that is government, nnd every time you working
plugs go to the polls nnd vote for ruling class legislators to mako moro laws,
you nre simply perpetuating yoar own
misery by empowering them to concoct
more schemes for your subjugation.''
In conclusion tho speakor pointed out
thc paradox of the slave's existence,
tho lutter receiving but enough to keep
him strong enough to return to work
each dny, while thc master buttoned
and fattened on the goods produced by
"Until tho workers becomo sufficiently cluss conscious to refuse to tako up
arms ngninst the workers of another
country, thero will be no wur upon wur,
but when thut dny does come, then will
come tho end of ull wnr and the dawning of the reul duy of democracy."
Continued from Pnge 1
ploitution us a died thing, a flnulity.
So does thc capitalist press. In neither
enso is tho attempt mnde to go further
than tho mere regulation of the details
of tho murderous gnmo, to soothe tho
feelings of individual players who may
bocomo too soveroly saddle-gulled or
otherwise made rebellious!}* sore.
* * *
Thut there is u lnrge section of the
working clnss, nnd thousands who do
not strictly belong to tbnt economlo
clnss, that uro not outright wugo workers, thnt ure not sulislled with tho un*
suffernble tommy rot habitually dished
up through tho columns of the cuplt*
alist press and its alleged lubor adjunct, is ono of the most encouraging
signs of the tlmos.    Countless thous*
, ...     , .. - , . , .and» thore nro who arc no longer sut
credulity of tho musses, and proceeded i, „ , _,.. ..    .     .    . *      ,
to explain the meaning  of   the   term \'M ""*}> ""> '-? llll»k» "f -ionuuclu
wenlth, whieh he sniil consisted of
mere promises to pny, which alone constitutes the boasted money of tbe world.
The total supply of the necessities of
the world iB practically produced and
eonsulmed each yenr, therefore there
was no such thing ns iiecumulutcd
wealth to conscript. No accumulation
is possible.
Tbe Great Hoax,
The workers went to work to mafce
bombs    to    blow    the   -Germans    to
pieces,     and     he     was     paid     in
K:~t        ~~       -""• \ ititv      limit     vl     yivvvo     ui      fju|>ui      uu
istnet 18 did not enre worth u red which were written these promises to
cent. Nol What did they sayt They pay, which he swapped with the follow
said, wc wlll\not until wo get whnt wo whd hnd n store, for clothes to wear
Want. And wd got it, too. That should and food to eat as far os his promises
convince   nnyone   with   the   lerfat   of «o.ild go, thc pieces of paper forming
brains that, we were right, no matter
what kind of argument they try to put
up. Another matter is thnt we uro ilO
per cent, organized ngnin. Wo are concentrating our forces, rendy for a big
drive. Watch for our advance guard.
"Progress through sacrifice." Wo have'
mnde the sacrifice. Now we are going
to mnke tho progress. The nrticle goes
on to state: "In thoso districts whore
there was trouble it could be traced' to
thoso selfish characters of which I
quote above.'' Dure tho writer state it
wus selfishness Ihnt brought District 18
through this struggle? Oet down nnd
study, Henry Evnns.
Fornie, B. tt, July 20, 1917.
Out-of-town readers of Tho Foderntionist can easily help to increase the
usefulness of this pnpor by patronizing
its advertisers, when they do any shopping. Every trades unionist should
mention Tho Fcderntlonist to'its ndver*
Users when dealing with them. Costs
little; helps a lot, •••
nn endless chain through thc medium
of the banks, and being absolutely
valueless, except as a means of continuing the hoax. As nil of this so-called
monoy with which pnyment is alleged
to be made returns to the same capitalist
hnnds, thc entire process including oonscription of wenlth is simply equivalent
to taking nothing out of one pocket
nnd putting tho whole thing into thc
other pocket," said ho ataid laughter.
Labor the Creator.
"Lubor ulone produces the necessaries of life, nnd on the enslavement of
that class is thc wholo world system of
capital aud flnnncc based. There is no
property on the earth nnd nothing owned, savo the workers, for nothing else
will pay a rovenue to tho owner, nnd it
is only through the exploiting of the
slnves of uny age that tho wonlth of
the world is produced. When you have
conscripted tbe slave, you have eon-
scripted all the wealth on the top of
God's footstool," snid he, "nnd you
don't better his position or condition
by conscripting these promises to pay,
which allow the master to sit snug at
tion of things ns they are, without the
sauce of revolutionary thought and ne
tlon. A dull bellyache no longer ap
peals to them us an evidence of healthy
mental digestion. They uro no longer
satisfied with whining protests ugainst
the consequences of the sin of slavery,
but nro intensely interested In how to
exorcise tho sin Itself. To theso n press
can only appeal that carries a live hies*
sage to living and virile minds, The
deadly dope thot io peddled out so pro*
fusoly through the columns of the cup
^tallBt press nnd so lugubriously parroted from pulpit and rostrum by tbo puppets ond apologists of capitalistic rapacity ond brutality, hns long since become nauseating and disgusting to
clean-thinking and liberty-loving peo.
pie. It Is to thnt olement alono thnt n
press that will Btand unflinchingly for
tho good, tbe true nnd tho worhy in human institutions nnd human effort,
must look for comfort nnd support. All
of the baneful powors of capitalist bo.
clety will be turned to tho suppression
of such a press. Thdt sort of thing,
the exerelso of those bonoful powers, is
In full force in tbo United'
States right now. Tbe pretense that
the republic is animated by a grent
solieitudo for the welfare of democracy and tho conservation of liberty, Ib
being stripped of iti mask of hypocrisy by the calculated acts of suppression perpetrated against those publications and Individual! who dare to apeak
fearlessly and truthfully In defonce of
real detaocrncy and liborty, of which
designing commercial vultures prat
so patriotically piffle, and political ad
venturers so mouthily and falsely pro
fess to venerate and worship. A lon|
list of the ablest and best of tho pub
Mentions thnt speak on behalf of thi
downtrodden and tortured victims ol
ruling class rapacity and brutality
have been suppressed already by thai
great self-accused champion of demo
ereoy, and latest convert to "Prussian
kultur," tbe United States government. The International Socialist Be*
view, The Masses, American Socialist,
St. Louis Labor, Appeal to Beason, and
many more have beon placed under the
ban by the blatant - bombastes furioso
who has gono gallantly forth to rescue
the holy sepulchre of democracy from
the hands of the autocratic infidels who
would defile it and desecrate the Ark
of its Covenant. And the good work
goes steadily on.
Opposite Libor Ttmplt
HeidqnMterg for Labor men.    Rates
7Se and $1.00 per ity.
$3.50 per week and op.
Oaf* at BauonabU Batti.
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Haatinga Street Wot
You can't afford to miss getting a share of tho bargains that
we are offering just now at our
Ladies $0.00 Boots for  $3.90
Ladles $4.00 Pumps for 12,76
Children's $3.00 Boots for ..$1.95
All discounted lines at less
than cost.
Week commencing Monday, July 30
The great play of today
A punch in every line
Summer prices:
10c, 25c and 35c
Te n.mb.ri of aar "lea In Ctntdt a
spMlal ratt for Ttt Feibralionlal of ll
per rui*—U a tint of 10 or mon It hbI
Whon you got tired hunting for'
toelalltt newt ln oapltalltt papen,
tubaoribe for IU Milwaukee
Loeaor, tht big toelalltt daily.
Samples on. requett. Milwaukee.
Tht Dtllj MUwuktt Ludtr tnd
Ttt FtdtnllonUt, oat j.tr. 14.50.


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