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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 3, 1917

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(la Viactmr\
oitr. »a.oo )
poIhtoal" Tn~—,_ furrows
$1.50 PER YEAS
Local Evidence of One Way
Slave Civilization Has
.    Its Fruit
A Logical Blossom of Wage
Slavery Trade and
[By a Staff Correspondent]
VANCOUVER IS engaged in a
worse war at home than the
fight the khaki-clad soldiers
are putting up ht France and
Flanders   against   the   German
. hordes.   It is a war against women and young girls—the most
1 damnable and despicable war ol
i cowards, and the casualties are
j enormous.   A visit to the police
J court or the juvenile court will
convince the most skeptical that
| the moral conditions of Vancou-
j ver are something to be ashamed
j of, while those who come into tlie
courts are but a tithe of the moral
I deaths of the community.  It is a
. time for aetion,  The mothers and
fathers of the community must
i consider the safety of their children, and must be prepared to discard all narrow-minded ideas and
consider in the broad light of understanding of humanity the problem which confronts them.
Mrs. Partington,
Hampered by incompetent laws, do-
\ signed no doubt, by lawmakers who
K purposely loft loopholes in tho statutes
in 'order to protect members of their
'yown clnss, for tbe "casualties" are
mostly from the ranks of tho workers'
families, the police   aro  powerless to
cope with tho situation, or the courts to
i stamp out the trafflc in human souls
iwhioh is being carried on wholesale do-
apito tho busybodios who havo constituted themselveB a body of "moral reformers."     While no doubt in their
}own narrow-minded way they are attempting to do some good in tho community, they are In reality "moral de-
formers" rotbor than "reformers."
■ To- be able to refofln anything, the
[reformer must bo able to view a problem from both sides. The reformers of
Vancouvor aro not, and tho political
puppets who pander to tho church voto
isny, "Henr, hear" to all their narrow-
minded arguments.
Unrestricted Nastiness.
j Adam and Eve in the Garden of
'Eden, according to the Bible version of
/the creation, followod thoir natural de-
wires despite tho instructions given to
'thorn to the contrary, and Mayor Mc*
Booth and his followers in Vancouvor,
would uttempt to stamp out the natural
desires of men, which hnvo existed
ftinco thnt time.. How? By sending
Jtbo women to jail.
Sonio three years ago thero was a restricted district on Aloxnnder street.
* Todny that restricted district is only
\ onfincd by tho boundaries of tho city,
, ind every womnn is viewed by the ob-
cone-minded individunl on the watch
ior moral prey, as a potential prosti-
ute. Thore is no denying tho fact. It
i too evident. Take tho police court
ecords; tho juvenile court books, for
n example of tho truth of the stato*
ment that the moat horrible and diabolical nets of mentnl degeneracy go on
In tho shadow of too high-spired
phurchos and public Institutions, and
(thnt young girls nro being daily debauched and damned to'livos of prostitution.
Their Boat Advice.
It is n distastful thing for the conventional minded citizen to consider,
knut the fact remains, that sinco the
iestricted area was abolished, more
young women nnd girls hnve gone
■straight to hell thnn ovor beforo, nnd
for tbo protection of the young girls of
Itho city, A "lino" must be re-estnb-
'fished. Tho purity of ono young girl
'hs worth nil tho conventions that a
|modern socioty of prudes ever convolved.
■ Tho ndvico of tho mnyor nnd the nc*
jtions of the polico directly contribute
!to n stnto of affnirs which can not possibly hnvo nny good effect (unloss it is
in tho gathering of moro "ohurch"
Viotcs for tho chief mngUtrntc), but
'■ather drivoB the moral degenorato and
,ho unmarried man "sowing his wild
lints," to look for now victims.
Polico Acquaintance Butns Business.
| In tbo city thoro nre a certnin number of prostitutes known to the polico.
fheso, wbonovor the mnyor demands n
[pornl clean-up, nro rounded up by tho
eteotlves—by means of stool pigeons,
nd nro fined or imprisoned, usually
ned.   Thoy nro mnrked women, nnd
ie man wh» is soon in the company of
oo of them, or is known to hnvo vlsi-
sd hor house, is also marked.    Ho
nows it, and thereforo as soon ns a
joman bocotaes known to tho police,
l|er mole friends and ndmirers imme-
Peace aiid Order in a Slave Civilization—Some Pleasing:
Features of the Present Situation in the Most Democratic Countries pn Earth—Peace Conditions in
America Rapidly Approaching the War Conditions of Europe—All Signs Point to a
World-wide Revolt Against Slavery
THROUGHOUT NORTH AMERICA, north of the Mexican boundary, peace is supposed to reign. Whatever interest the United
., States and Canada are presumed to have in war at the present
time, finds its expression in martial violence in Europe, the peaceful
and orderly preparation for such violent activity in the noble art of
killing and maiming, being carried out upon this side of the water,
far from the disturbing shock of war's rude alarms. At least such
is the supposition. But even a cursory glance at things as they actually exist and circumstances that are daily happening, leads inevitably to the conclusion that the, conditions now prevailing throughout
this western world are far from the conditions of peace, and what is
still more to the point, are becoming each day more threateningly
significant of the swift approach of such a storm of revolt against
the brutality and extortion now practiced upon the slaves of industry
by their overlords and masters, that capitalist rule and-robbery will
be shaken to its foundations, and more than likely brought to its final
Increasing Unrest.
Business agent f« the Vancouver and Victoria Boflcnnakfvht' anions, with headquartera at Room 212, Labor Temple, and who
has been a big factor ln tho phenomenal
organisation of the local shipbuilding industry.
diately dosort her and seek for satis*
faction amongst the women not known
to the polico or their stool pigeons. Tho
rosult iB that there is a swarm of this
class constantly on the lookout for tho
innocent young girl.
The Chicken and the Nook.
Thon thero ie tho "chicken-chaBer."
Tho narrow-chested young dude who
runs about in an automobile, smiling
and winking at overy young -girl he
soes on the sidewalks as he passes. A
proffered ride, and acceptance, and the
fly is in the net. Then other rides, and
Anally a drive at night around Marine
driva to "The Loverjs Nook," as it is
known, whero at night two and three
automobiles can at times be seen parked while the occupants ara in the
bushes—and the fly is caught.
Then there is the employer who
makes love to his stenographer. Nightly there aro "flat" parties of this nature.
Business for the "Medicos."
There is another feature. That is in
regard to disease. There is today, it is
stated, more vencral diseases in Vancouver than ever before. This, too, is
partially at least due to the despicable
"stool pigeon" system of Mayor McBeath and his police force.
A marked woman, plying '' the oldest
trade," knows that at any moment a
polico stool pigeon or the "morality
squad" may break in at the door and
arrest her. She seeks for her prey on
tho streets, and havittg secured a companion, rushes with him to n rooming-
house, and hurries away as fast as sho
can, not stopping to tako the necessary
precautions against the spread of disease. The result is obvious, and so the
town is fall of it.
Just as an instance. (Theso things
aro not nice to discuss, but, tho situation is such that if tho chastity of the
girlhood and womanhood of the worker's families are to bo preserved, thoy
must be discussed with candor). A littlo babe, aged three, wus taken to a
children's hospital not mnny montbs
ago suffering from one of the worst
afflictions of vonei-al disease ever on-
countered in that institution. A moral
degenerate had played with her.
Local "Kultur."
About a year ago a girl aged fourteen was arrested for having sold her
second child to a Chinaman. Hor first
baby waB born when she was just about
twelve years of age. ■
Loss than ten days ago, a girl aged
fourteen was raped, in broad daylight,
in the east ond.
(Continued on Page Five.)
A GOOD DEAL of amusement was caused yesterday by the post-
f\ ing in one of the departments at the C. P. R. shops of a letter
F* from F. W. Peters, general superintendent t»f the company, in-
iting any- employees who took thc side of the company in the long-
poremen's dispute to volunteer as strike-breakers. Those offering
*iemselves were to be paid 65 cents per hour, and si^pplied with their
jteals and a berth on the Monteagle, if the work waB completed be-
i»re daylight.
: Mr. Peters further volunteered the information that the strike was
JUscd through I. W. W. agitators, and being financed with German
1 There were no volunteers.
Prom all quarters eome accounts of
increasing unrest among the slaves of
Driven to greater desperation each
day under the continual intensification
of exploitation, and the increasingly
arbitrary and merciless exercise of au*
thority in the matter 'of speeding them
up, and driving them on to greater efforts, under the specious plea that national safety demands it, tho workers
are becoming more and more prone to
revolt and stake their aU upon the
hope of gaining some alleviation of
their miseries.
TheBe workers are beginning to realize that the motive lying behind the
brutal exactions of their masters, and
that gives strength to their brutality,
and thoir absolute disregard of all consideration for the welfare or even the
tolerable existence of their slaves, is
not solicitude for national safety, except such safety is considered solely to
be the safety of masters in their precious game of skinning slaves and hanging safely on to the plunder.
The misery of tho Blaves iB accentuated by the continually rising cost of
living. They have sense enough to know
tbat a rise in the price of things that
they must purchase with their miserable wagos in order to live, is equivalent to a cut in those wages, unless they
are able to obtain an advance in wages
sufficient to offset the increased cost of
living. If such an advance in wages
could be obtained so that wages would
keep pace with the advanced cost of
living, it may be readily understood by
even the dullest person, that the motive
renlly lying behind rising prices, would
no longer exist.
Labor power, the thing which the
worker sells for wages, is merely a
commodity, just like meat, flour,
clothes, etc. It is the basic commodity
from which all others spring. It is tho
parent of all other commodities. If the
prices of other commodities advance,
while tho price of labor power (wages)
remains stationary, the sellers of labor
power (wage slaves) will feel the pineh
und feel it painfully.
If nothing else will make them 'kick,
that surely will.
Rebellion Spreading.
No one will attehipt to deny that the
increasing unrest among the workers is
expressing itself iu an increasing disposition to revolt. Never was this continent the scene of so many strikes as
Never woro they of greater significance as a threatening danger to the
master class than now.
Never were so many workers imbued
with the spirit of revolution, as distinguished from that of mere rebellion,
as now.
Nover were so many of them possessed of a realization of tho real meaning
of capitalist property and civilization,
and tho recognition of the slavery of
their class 'under its brutal dispensation.
And every act of tbe powers that be
seems calculated by divine providence
to increase their knowledge and drive
home the fact. Tho driving of obnoxious workors from affected localities, by
tho brute force of criminality inspired
mobs of either business men or hired
thugs und ruffians of capitalist interests, as has recently been done in numerous places, is not a practice calculated to allay discontent and induce submission to the pressure of tyrannj, brutality and narrow wages in industry.
Thc hanging of Frank Littlo, at
Butte, an active man In the world revolt of labor ugainst itB enslavement
by capital, by a baud of masked murderers, their maskB being open confession of both murdorouB intent and cowardice, can not bo construed as tending
to lesson tho friction that ensues between musters and slaves, in this grand
old system of proporty that is nothing
but plundor. The more of theBo dastardly affairs that are pulled off by the
disciples of "law and ordor," the better for tho speedy undoing of the class
that makes of earth a veritable hell to
tho working class, and a heaven of vulgar, disgusting and bloedy magnificence
for itself.
Inviting the Storm,
By tho forcing of ptill more unbearable conditions upon the Blaves of industry, the powers that be are hastening the coming of the storm.
The brazen abnegation of all law and
constitutional guarantees, that in any
manner offer a safeguard to the common
citizen, by the governmental authorities of city, state and nation, is one of
the most Buggestive indications of
what is being propared for tho days of
trouble that are to come.
It is an open confession by the powors that bo, of the intention of throwing overboard all pretonce of democracy, liberty and human rights, as far
as the slaves of capital are concerned,
and henceforth dealing with them in
the fashion that prevailed in the dayB
when tho club of brute force held full
sway, and the Billy concept of the
rights of slaves had not yet intruded
its sickly presence into the councils of
men. Conscript service In tho mill of
human butchery and devastation; the
marshalling of troops wherever labor unrest may ominously express itself; the
(Continued on Page Five)
Torpedoes Enemy Shipping
With High Explosive
Wage Demand
All Ships Out of Commission
Except Neutrals With
Chinese Rigging
[By Longshoremen's Press Committee]
A SECTION   of the  workers
have again awakened to the
*:_ fact that their labor is producing enohnous profits for their
employers, and are' demanding a
small share of those profits. On
Sunday, July 29, the longshoremen held a mass meeting and decided that the wages on the docks
must be increased from 45 and 65
cents to 50 and 75 cents. It was
felt that even though the mass
meeting had taken a decided
stand in favor of such a raise, yet
to get a true expression of opinion; a referendum of the membership should be taken. This was
done, the referendum lasting from
7.p.m. Sunday until 9 a.m. the following morning, and by an overwhelming majority it was decided
that if the increase was not granted by 5 p.m. Monday, July 30, the
men would cease work.
Why Work Ceased.
All of the shipping companies agreed
to our demands with the exception of
the 0. P. B., and consequently all work
ceased at 6 p.m., as agreed upon.
It may seem strange to some people
why we did not go ahead and work the
boats of thoso companies that conceded
our demands, but an intimate knowledge of waterfront conditions would
soon show the average man why anything short of a general strike would
be abortive.
Take, for instance, the form of organization of the shipping companies.
The two stevedoring companies and all
the deep sea shipping companies, with
tho exception of the C. P. B. and Canadian-Australian, belong to what is
known as the B. C. Shipping Federation. "W
Now, one of these stevedoring companies, viz., the Empire Stevedoring
Co., receives all its contracts from the
C. P. B., bo we ore confronted with this
situation, i. e., that we received a letter
from tho Shipping Federation, stating
that their members had granted our demands, and we find that the Empire
Stevedoring Co., "ono of the members
of tho Federation," cannot grant our
demands becaues the C. P. R. dominatos
the waterfront interests, and it is useless to attempt a settlement until the
C P. B. is a pary to such settlement.
One Wholi Cent.
The wide difference in wnges existing
betwoen work performed on the dock,
and work performed on the ship, has
been a bone of contention for some
time past. When we last negotiated
with the companies, we did our utmost
to raise the dock wages; in fact, we did
not ask for a raise on the ship at all,
preferring to let any advance the companies might concede go to tho dock.
Tho companies, however, for what purpose we reserve our own opinion, grantod a substantial increase on the ship,
and nn increase of one cont per hour
on the dock.
As the C. P. R. hus come out with a
declaration on the present striko, with
the evident hope of enlisting public
sympathy, it certainly becomes our
duty to refute, if wo can, any misleading statements contained in such declaration.
There aro approximately 1000 men on
strike at the present time, and in spite
of the statement of any C. P. B. official
as to socialists, I, W. W.'s, or. syndicalists, otc, the men are unanimous in
tho justice of their cause.'
The "Merry-Go-Round.*'
The present status of the conditions
are in brief as follows: Every man
that compotes for work on the docks is
presumed to be a longshoroman, and to
bo capable of taking any job offered
him, with tho following result. Ono of
our members may be told to go to work
in tho hold of a ship today at tho prevailing rate of 00c und 90c, maybe tomorrow ho will be told to go on the
dock and push a truck at a wago of
45c and 05c.
(Continued on Page Five)
SUNDAY, Aug 5—Stoom Shovel
and Dredgemon, Moving Picture Operators, Bartonderso.
MONDAY, Aug. I!—Stoam Enginoers, Boilermakers, Electrical Workors, Tailors, Streot-
roilwaymen Exec.
TUESDAY, Aug. 7—Amalga-
mated Carpenters, Shoo Workers,' Cignrmakers, Railway
Firemon, Betail Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, Aug 8—Stcroo-
typers, Metal Trados Couneil,
Streetrailwaymen. ,
THURSDAY, Aug. • 6—Sleet
Metal Workors, Painters, Shipwrights and Caulkors, Machinists, No. 182.
FRIDAY, Aug. 10—Pilo Drivers
and Wooden Ilridgobuidlors,
. Shipyard Laborers, Plumbers.
8ATBBDAY, Aug. 11—
bnfjt »l   .■-
j «!» \]gj..,K
1 ■,: '"'" ■■' '■-';si '  '■■■■;;' ;.'■.:, :■ ■ '."-X j
Let the People of Canada Decide at thie Polls Whether
They Are to Become Conscript Slaves in tlie Shambles
pf Slaughter-If They Say Yesf, Lefc IJer Go a.s,
She Looks-ff They Say No That Should
End the Matter for All Time-Let     .
There Be a General Election at Once
THERE COMES A TIME in the affairs of men when it is necessary to call a halt to the schemes arid ambitions of designing
j men. Cassius, Brutus, and their fellows once upon a time in
Borne called a halt to the ambitious Caesar, that proved quite effective in permanently curbing the ambitions of that particular ruler,
and may be even wisely followed by those who live today, if occasion
requires and no other means are available. But happily other means
are at hand in most countries of the earth, arid especially is this true
of Canada. Here we have the franchise, comparatively unrestricted
among the masculine portion of the, community as far as the federal
elections are concerned. So long as tfcat privilege remains with us
the wealth producers of the Dominion oan not be made the viotims
of any policy or schema of which they do not approve. At the most,
schemers and designing interests can no more than temporarily fasten their schemes upon us, for the very simple reason that we can,
if we so desire and will aot concertedly in the matter, seize the machinery of government at the next succeeding eleetion and repudiate
their schemes and wipe their legal verbiage from the statute books,
Juat a Tom Facta,
in mil w
The proposed oonscription measure
that is now being engineered through
government. channels and is expected
to be placed upon the statute books
within the coming week, is calculated
to annul and' wipe out the last vestige
of those petty privileges '(oftentimes
miscalled liberties) that the common
people of Canada have hitherto enjoyed.
*i Enforced military service is the complete and final denial of human freedom.
It is the abnegation of all that is
essentially democratic in human institutions.
It is the supreme affirmation of
It is all there ever was, is or can be
to autocracy.
Onco it is fastened upon any people
all hope of relief from tyranny and
oppression, without resort to violence
and at terrible cost, is lost.
All for which the oppressed in human society have fought and its martyrs suffered, in order that the few
privileges now possessed might be
gained, must be fought over again and
won, if won at at all, a$ a cost terrible to contemplate.
That is one fact.
That there is any logical reason for
inflicting conscription on the Canadian
people, that ha# tho winning of the
present war as its purpose, it is safe
to most emphatically flony.
Taking the statements of the existing situation that have been made by
those: now in authority as the premises
from which deductions are to be made
and one can not land elsewhere than
at the conclusion that there is no shortage of men now in Europe to finish
the job in hand, and there is no prospect of any such shortage in the future.
The relative population of the two
sidos to tho controversy, coupled with
tho relative efficiency in production aB
woll as in fighting, without taking into consideration any population outside
of Europe itself, is all that is required
to reach that conclusion.
It is worso than ridiculous to assume
for a moment, that the smaller population inside the iron ring of the entente
allies can whip tho much larger population outside, with all tho balance of
tho world to draw upon for assistance.
What Does Canada Owe Europe?
This may be answered in ono word.
This entire western continent was
originally peopled by thoso of our ancestors who fled from tho tyrannies and
miseries of Europe in the hopo of being able to gain at least some measure
of freedom, that boon that has always
been denied to tho producers of wealth
in Europe ever since European civilization was born.
Many of those ancestors of ours
came to this continent actually with
tho physical brand of slavery upon
their foreheads, placed there by the
tyrants and ruling ruffians of their
dear fatherland, or motherland, whichever sex appellation may be hypocritically used in tho ense.
Every infamy of industry that has
been inflicted upon ns has been imported from that samo delectable Europe.
Every political infamy, every form
of persecution, oven the system of
properly and slavory from which they
nil spring full, panopliod, as "Juno
sprang full-panoplied from the brain
of Jove," all came from that same
Europe, that is now energetically and
effectively crucifying itsolf upon its
own Cross and upon its own Calvary,
It is up to overy person upon this
western continent to let that samo
Europo settle its own bloody business
in its own bloody way, leaving to each
individual the undisputed privilege of
deciding for himself whether he will,
or will not, tuke part in tbo bloody
That is all that Canada or any other
part of this westorn world owes to
bloody Europe.
Oet Beady for Election.
Lot the workers, both rural and urban, get wise to themsolves and their
interests, as against the day of elec
tion that is at hand.
No matter what brand of politicnl
dope in regard to other mnttors thoy
may bo saturated with, it stands them
in hand to soe that no stone is left
unturned to defeat every candidate
for tho parliament at Ottawa, that iH
not openly opposed to the infliction of
conscription upon us.
The workers should, if possible, put
up their own candidates, for in tho
last analysis, it is only thc members
of their own clnss that thoy have nny
legitimate reason for placing confidence in.
But if thoy can not put their own
candidates in the field thoy should
make tho politicians of the capitalist
parties come out in the open and givo
logical -reason for whatever infamy
against tho workers they purpose to
practice onco they nro elected.
Lot no one be led away by the spc-
ciouB plea  that  voluntary  enlistment
(Continued on Page Five)
Genoral organiser ln Canada for the International Association of Machinist!*., who hat
beon on thu l'acific coast most of tho time
for the past seven months, and wbo has
accomplished splendid organisation work
among tho metal tradei of the three coast
Business Agent Already ln the Field
and a General Movement for
Organisation In Progress
Vancouver's new local of tho International Teamsters, Chauffers, Stablemen and Helpers, No. 655, is now doing
business like, a "regular" union, Truo,
it is tho third of its kind in the city,
but the present membership of moro
than 200 bespeaks something genuine
in stability and permanency. Already
a business agent, Bro. Petrie, has been
placed in the field to round up all the
material for membership. At laBt meeting the charter was received and obligated by Secrotary Midgley of the
central body. At itaxt meeting, Wednesday evening, pormanont officers will
bo olectod. Tho initial fee is $1 and
the dues 41 per month. Messrs. G, J.
Kelly of the Longshoremen, and J. H.
McVety, manager of the Labor Tomplo,
have rendered considerable assistance
in orgnnization work. Somo of the
cartage and transfer companies are 100
per cent, organizod.
Organiser Johnson May Be Given Permission to Include Chinese.
Mr, Harloy Johnson, Tnconia, international organizer for tho culinary
crnftB of the Cooks, Waiters and Wnit-
rossos' union, was in tlio city for a
few days during tho week, looking
over the local situation, but was called
homo on account of sii'kness thore. Organizer Johnson, will, however, return
to Vaocouver during tlio coming weok
for tho purposo of opening an energetic
campaign of organization among the
culinary crafts.
*l novel feature of his work will
probably bo an effort to organize tho
Oriontal holp employed ia >ho oulinnry
trades, as an auxiliary to tho othor
unions. It is understood tho Chinese
aro willing; it only remains for tho
whites of tho culinary craft unions to
give their consent to the proposal.
Tho aim of tho proposed big movoment will bo a sixday weok and ud
eight-hour work dny.
Hod Carriers' and Building Laborers' union, No. 05, is coming back to
lifo. At it mooting held. last night
plans were discussed for gathering in
a numbor of tho building laborers who
have not yot affiliated with the organization. .
Council Condemns Patriotic
Fund System and With,
draws Delegste X
Elected Business Agent and
Disposed of Much
Routine Business
WHAT WAS probably one of
most representative and one
of the best attended meet-
ins of Vanoouver Trades and Labor Council held during the present year, took plaoe last evening
under the presidency of the recently-elected executive" head of
the oentral labor body, J. Kavan-
eighty-four members signing the roster of the ; evening.
Fourteen delegates, faced the new
president for initiation, these being from the United Brotherhood
of Carpenters, City Firemen's
Union, Pile Drivers', and the Machinists/No. 777. The credentials
received were:
City Firemen—W. Baraett, A. Botte,
F. Enright, . MeElrea, A. Hull, High
Steen, 0. J. Richardson, Walter Fox,
John Balderstone, Tkos. Moffat, S.
Jackson aad Malcolm McDonald.
Machinista, No. 777—W. Duckworth,
E. Edney and H. Flaming.
Pile Drivera'—Ed Stewart, W. F.
Ironside, M. Nash and W. Henderson.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters—J.
Broomfleld, W. Bold, A. Prince, A. McKenzie aad H. Osterburg.
Financial Statement ud Queries.
Secretary-treasurer Knowles read tke
detailed flnanclal statement of tke
council, following which Dal. Benson
asked how much tke Labor Temple had
borrowed from tke Tradea and Labor
Council. Tke information was given,
upon wkick tke delegate asked if any
effort kad been made to collect tbe
sum owing, a negative reply being
Slam at Patriotic Pond.
Beporting for tke committee appointed to investigate ths charges made aa
to tke administration of tke Patriotio
Fnnd, Del. Kaowlea ottered tke following reeommeadation:   .  ■ .)
"Tkat we request tke Dominion
govornment to lake nver and administer tke Patriotic Fund, witk an
equal allowance to all dependent,
and tkat wo continue our support
for a period of four months; and wo
furtker instruct our monibcrsbip tkat
on and after Dooetabor i, 1917, to
refuse farther support to tho Patriotic Fund.
"Also that a copy of this report
be sont to all T«adcs and Labor
Councils and* tho Trades and Labor
Congross of Canada."
Del. McVoty said tko committee kad
apparently gone' fnrtker tkan its in-
structions warranted, wkick only empowered tkem to act upon tko first
clauso of the original resolution.
In tko discussion wkick followed the
four months' clauso was explained as
being in the nature of a warning.
Del. Bonson movod tbat tho report
bo adopted and that the delegate from
tko council to the Fund committee be
withdrawa at onco.
Del. Gutteridge felt tkat to kavo a
dologato from tko council on tko com-
mlttoo onsurcd tke wives of trados
unionists gotting a square deal, but
Del. Beasoa pointed out tkat as long
as the council had a delegato tkere it
countenanced tko manner in wkick tke
fund was administered.
Dol. Wolck opposed tbe amendment,
as did Dol. Dickinson.
Del. McVoty thought the resolution
illogical and commented strongly on
tho condemnation of a body of citizens
uppointed to administer tho funds. If
such charges as wero mndo were renlly
proved, the council would not need to
withdraw its delegato, as ho would resign.
Del. Trotter asked if tho council bo-
liovod thnt tho withdrawal of Dol. McVoty would mnke it impossiblo for tho
persons in receipt of the fund to got a
sqiinro deul. If tho delegnte from tho
council could not obtain moro information in connection with tho fund, ho
must be it useless member. lie believed
the resolution Bhould bo pnssod.
Dol. Hardy said tke principles involved were thoso of trades unionism.
He considered the fund a movement
on the part of the masters; the Im-
porinl governmont hiring men at low
wages and getting tko peoplo to make
up the bulttnce.
The report of the committee was
adopted by 51 votes to 2; tho amend*
mont boing lost by 27 votos to 41,
whereupon Del. McVoty tendered his
resignation as delegate to tho fund.
Beports of Unions.
Del. Hardy, Cnrpeutors', reported
that thoy had been compelled to withdraw tko carpenters from tko Canadian
Northern depot job, they refusing to
work with non-unionists.
Dol. Welsk,   Plumbers',   said strike
was still on at Vancouvor Engineering
Continued on Pago Six)
THE CIVIC FIREAfEN'S UNION is now meeting ih Labor Temple
through taking advantage of their onc-day-off-in-four, to meet
in four sections. The union has leased Boom 218, as office and
reading room. Every man, Outside of the captains, is now in the
uhion. Vancouver local is participating, with the 40 other oity firemen's unions in thc United States and Canada, in a move to organize
an international city firemen's union. Samuel Gompers, president of
thc A. F. of h., has been requested to call a convention for this purpose.
j-iwofc IsnIUi- PAGE TWO
FBIDAT.  August 8, 1817
.. 54,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persona. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Oornar Haatinga ud Gambia Sts.
SSO OrtntUlt Street
ait HMtlnn stmt Wart
Phoat flaimou 7169
Third Floor. World Balldinf,
Tke onlr Union Shop in VtneonTor.
ram mm
l. PHILLIPS A 00, Aiaata
nt— 84H IMS —
Hemstitching, battooi covtred, seal-
lopping, button holes, pinking, spong*
lag and shrlnhlig, lsttorloi, pieot tdff*
kg, pleating, raehing, embroidery,
•II annul, St.
Phene Ser. SMI
ISIS Deatjaa li
Phone lUo
Poultry Wanted
910 Oranvills St
labor Temple Praaa    Aar. 4480
Refined Service
Oaa Bloat waat of Court Houaa.
Uaa of Modem Chapel aad
Funeral Parlors free to all
Ttlaphon* Seymour 8485
PallUhed (Terr Frldav morning ty tba B. 0
FedeitUwUt. Limited
TheBaikof Britiih North America
Esttbllsbtd in 1116
Branehei throughout Oiuada and at
Baling! Department
1. Bdward Stan    Offlee: Say. 4146
Barristers, Solicitors, Conveyancers, Etc.
Vletorl* and Vancouver
Vancouver Offloo:  616-7 Rogers Bldg.
Oome and have a good time, perhapa
Uhe home a aide of bacon.
HaaHngi Stmt, near Abbott
lien's Hatters and Outfitters
E. Parm. Pettipiece. Manager
Offlce: Labor Templo, 405 Dunamulr Bt,
TeL Exchange Seymour 7485
Subscription: 11.50 per year; ln Vaneoaver
City, 12.00; to unlont sabiorlblng
in t body, 11.00.
How Westminster W. Tttes, Box 1021
Prlnet Rupert S. D. Mtcdontld, Box 268
Vlotorit A. S. Welle, Box 1688
'Unity of Labor: tht Hope of tha World'
..August 3, 1917
OF COUB8E, we are all painfully
aware of the presence of an exceedingly     large     number    of
"slackers"   in   the   community.    It
could not be otherwise in view of the
persistent    manner
WHAT in whieh theso un*
INFERENCE IS worthy ones have
TO BE DRAWN? been bawled out by
the press, pulpit
and platform for their disloyalty,
cowardice and all-around worthlessnoss.
That any one could have any other
reason for refusing to enlist and do
and die for his country—which, by the
way, he doe not own any part of, and
probably can scarce mnke a living in
—than that of cowardice and dis*
loyalty, is absolutely preposterous.
Anybody inust admit that. Further*
more, it ia by no means surprising that
a very large number of such "slackers" are to be found among the
working people, for it is well known
among the "better olass" that workers, as a rule, are not much good, anyway, and oan not be relied upon, un*
less it be to do the wrong thing at
the first opportunity offered. It is be
yond dispute that the moat of them
are so unreliable that they will not do
an honost day's work unless they are
kept directly under the-, eye of the boss
who so kindly furnishes them light
employment and pays them big wages.
Many there are among them who will
not work at all. Aa these very rep*
rehensible traits are the predominant
ones in determining their conduct in
connection with industrial operations,
what is more logical than to find them
to be "slackers" and shirkers when
it comes down to the noble and uplifting job of war and slaughter. That
is why it becomes necessary to conscript them and provide severe penalties against all attempts to avoid con*
script aervice.
* •      •
But everybody knowa that when it
comes down to whole-hearted loyalty
and dependable patriotism, the capitalists, tho men of money and property,
are, like Caesar's wife, above suspicion. And it should ba known to
every one, for doea not tho press, the
pulpit and platform emphatically
avouch itf And, further, do not these
capitalists, industrial maatera and finanoial magnates, openly and freely
confess itt Suoh being tha ease what
moro Ib it necessary to aayt Who shall
dare to point the finger of doubt at
these self-confessed patriots and be so
presumptions aa to suppose them capable of even attempting to shirk their
patriotic obligations by sinking to the
cowardly level of the baae and ignoble
"slacker" of the lower aooial atratutn.
It ia all right to apply the stigma of
"slacker" to such of the Henry Dubbs
aa do not aee fit to "do their bit" in
any other manner than by staying at
home and attending to their own poor
affairs, but it ia the keighth of impudent presumption to east such implication at onr splendid men of proporty
and incomes whose undiluted loyalty
and patriotism ia bo dearly established.
♦ *      *
The Borden government has recently
brought forward what la termed an income tax bill. It is a sort of conscription meaaure, or "selective draft" intended to convert a portion of the
money-power of the Dominion to the
noble purpose of wiping out Prussian
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up.
Beserve Funds .
Total Assets 	
..t 12,811,000
- 14,824,000
_ 287,000,000
410 branches la Canada, Newfoundland, Waat Indies, ate., of whieh 102
art west of Winnipeg.
Open an account and mak* deposits regularly—aay, erery payday. Interest credited half-yearly.  No delay in withdrawal
0. t. HARRISON, Managar,
Oraavllla and Paodar
THE MERtffl?
Don't atow away yoar apart
cash ln any old eorner where it is
in danger from burglars or fire.
Tha Merchants Bank of Canada
offers yoa perfect safety for your
money, and will give yoa fall
banking aerviee, whether year aeeonnt ia large or small.
Interest allowed oa savings de-
O. V. STAOET, Managar
Hastings and Oarrall
autocracy in middle Europe. As wealth
is known to be alwaya patriotic, the
necessity of enacting auch a measure
is not clearly atated. It can not be
necessary becauee there are any
"slackers," financially, among the men
of wealth. And yet it may be noted
that very severe penalty provisions
are incorporated in tho proposed law
against all and sundry who, posesaing
ncomes, Bhall fail to make proper and
ruthful returns thereof, or in any
other manner attempt to avoid meeting the requirements of the act. This
aw emanates from the minister of
finance. Does that worthy mean to
nfer that there exists among the men
of property and income any who are
molded of the same cowardly clay ns
he common "slacker" pf the lower
terdt Does he doubt the sincerity of
.heir. emphatically proclaimed loyalty
and patriotism! Can it be that he and
his government are firmly convinced
that the income gentlemen of this Do-
minion are innate dodgers and shirkers, just the same aa the members of
the common herd are supposed to be!
If not, why the penalty provisions in
the act! Is it possible, nfter all is
said and done, that these men of money
and income are equally prono to deceit, poltroonery and cowardice as the
moBt inveterate "Blacker" in the common garden variety that is bo widely
advertised aa the limit in despicable
worthlessness! Have we been deceived
into believing our great masters of
capital and finance are gods, when the
fact is that they are merely pigs like
the rest of us, and who can not be
made even decent except by threatened penalties of the law! It is terrible
to think of, but if the implication is
unwarranted, if the inference to be
drawn is in reality an insult to the
probity and honor of the income gen*
try, The Federationist confidently expects to hear such a howl of indignant
protest arise from the raucous throats
of the insulted recipients of taxable
incomes, that a far greater commotion
will be raised than would be the case
if "the very stones of Bome should
rise in mutiny," "Slackers" among
military eligibles are possible, and in
fact quite common. Financial "slack*
ers," commonly termed tax dodgers,
among the wealthy right here in thia
most loyal Dominion! Impossible! Impossible! And damned be the finance
minister and government who would
dare to draw such an inference. If
the infamous insult be not withdrawn
by the elimination of that penalty
clause, the Borden government should
bo kicked out of office and a government returned that would have sufficient sense and discrimination to direct
itB insults solely at the common herd
where they quite properly should go,
WITH BECOMING humility Tho
Federationist    acknowledges
the inestimable worth, of tho
numerous pearls of wisdom that fall,
unconsciously as it were, from the lips
of the grave poll*
PEARLS OF tical seigneurs and
WISDOM FBOM erudite statesmen of
OREAT MEN our time, although
those worthies may
perchance be addicted to political delusions and economlo vagaries that aro
the very antithesia of all logic, reason
and) oommon sense. One brilliant statesman whose effulgence loquaciously illuminates the halls of parliament at
Ottawa and who scatters with lavish
tongue choice pearls of wisdom upon
the dull and senseless multitude even
beyond ita portals, ia Mr. J. 0. Turriff,
'the honorable" member for Aasinl*
boia. The following from the daily
press of July 24 affords an indication
of the reckleaa manner in which thia
distinguished statesman from AsBini*
boia scatters pearls of political wisdom
broadcaat, as well aa showing the su*
portative virtue of the'gems thua scat*
tered. In speaking of the proposed
conscription, Tariff said:
"that a referendum will be defeated because one entire province and
all the slackers in the eountry are
against the measure. There were
tunes such as now when the country
is at war when the majority should
not make the laws of the country,"
Turriff is a liberal, if there ia any
particular distinction implied in that,
He is no hide-bound conservative, if
that makes any difference in the matter. But that he ia keenly alive to the
real necessity of the hour, from the
ruling claaa standpoint, la beyond all
question. Nothing could be plainer
than that the "majority should not
make the lawa of the country" in time
of war. If it did there would be no
war, and where would "we" who
thrive by war, be then, poor things!
Where would then be the opportunity
for political pinheada to win oratorical repute by boosting for blood and
carnage galore! In fact the making
of laws, either in times of peace or
war, is purely a function of the minority. That ia the only way a minority
can impose its will and schemes upon
the majority. That is why law waa
invented. It ia purely an invention
and an instrument of a minority,
whether that minority be a minority of
one, as in an absolute autocracy, or a
minority consisting of more than one
in that humbug known aa a constitutional atate. The function of the majority, intelligently directed, can only
be the wiping out of lawa that have
been made by and for the minority.
The aforesaid pearl of wisdom dropped
by the volubly incautious statesman
from the congeated wilds of Assinibola,
is worthy of being handed down to
posterity aa throwing an Invaluable
light npon the relative position of the
minority in the great scheme of rule
by the artful humbug of the law. At
any rate the "simps" comprising the
electorate may draw wisdom from Turriff's plain statement of the needs and
requirements of the minority in this
trying hour.   The virtue of the Tur
riff contention, that the majority
should not be allowed to inake the law,
is by no means lessened by the fact
that the garrulous gentleman was himself eleoted by a majority in the district which he so volubly represents.
But it doea look as though the minority
in that district was being-cheated out
of its rights.
* »      «
Another brilliant statesman is
George Foater, minister of trade and
commerce in the Borden government.
This worthy is chock full of pearls
and the generous manner in whieh he
scatters them about can only be com*
pared to a farmer seeding wheat, or
a prodigal son sowing wild oata. Foster is not only some defender of compulsory service for others, but he is a
most able and doughty champion of
"accumulated wealth" and when it
comes down to offering apologies for
tho accumulators none can beat him.
In defending them against attacks that
had been made by some other member
of tho house the other day, Foster for*
evor squelched all adverse criticism by
coughing up the following immortal
'' But accumulated wealth has dono
a very special work. To whom
would loans go if not to accumulated
wealth! Since the war began, the
Dominion of Canada has issued, and
tbe people of Canada have taken,
$350,000,000 in domestic loans. Before the war, how much of the money
that Canada required for -her great
expenditures was raised by loan of
this country! How many of our
people thought, before the war, that
Canadian accumulated wealth was
able to bear the burden of loans to
that extent! It is because there was
accumulated wealth, and beoause appeal was made to it, that $350,000,-
000 of loans have been raised in Canada for the purpose of the war and
the purpose of tho nation. But that
is not the end of it. Accumulated
wealth- well knows that there are
moro loans to be issued, and accumulated wealth in Canada is willing to
take more loans, and still more loans,
as necessity demands. [Necessity
most painful.—Ed.] That much
must be allowed to the accumulated
earnings which make the wealth of
the country. I Btate these things
simply for the purpose of correcting
an impression which, perhaps, is too
widespread in this country, that the
accumulated earnings or the Dominion have contributed little or
nothing to the general work of the
war and to the general interests of
the Empire."
« « *
And now you cheap critics of the
noblest of all patriotic efforts, close
your Billy traps. The accumulators of
"great wealth" having, by their close
application to tho art of accumulating
promises-to-pay and other evidences
and tokens of debt, unflinchingly and
nobly come to. the country's aid in this
hor hour of peril, by loaning to the
blessed government of the minority,
their accumulated evidences of debt, at
a very reasonable rate of interest, in*
deed. Were it not for thiB'accumulation of debt, and the unselfish disposition of its accumulators to loan, not
give in the foolish manner in which
non-accumulators of wealth contribute
their lives and liinbs, by juat heroically
loan, at reasonable interest, there
would not be anything for the poor
government to borrow, and therefore,
presumably, the glorious war could not
be fought and the glory harvested for
the holiday edification of generations
yet unborn. Of course, there would be
just aa much, or perhaps more, food,
olothing, toola, implements and other
useful things produced, but aa there
would - be no paper promises to pay,
or long columns of credit figures upon
the ledger pages of banks, to be gallantly and unaelfiahly loaned to, and
thankfully borrowed by the government at low interest, the world would
be denied the splendid spectacle of
blood, butchery, devastation and mis*
cry that ao fittingly demonstrates the
high standard of twentieth century
civilization and "kultur" and brings
undying glory to heroes who flght and
heroes who loan.
* *      *
Of course, the Foster theory of the
"value of accumulated wealth" and
the patriotic virtue of the accumulators thereof, muat apply to all and
sundry ef the wealth and accumulators of the various nations ao zealously participating in the magnificent
world carnival of blood, lust and savagery. And the sacred character of
thia accumulated wealth, which consists of nothing bnt promises to pay
in the future for something that haa
been stolen from the producers of the
past, is immeasurably accentuated by
the Foster disclosures and an exceedingly fruitful field for further speculation opened up in consequence. And
there you are, thanks to Foster. And
the Ottawa parliament Is full of statesmen of tha Foster and Turiff variety,
eaoh and every one of whom are equally aa fertile in the production of similar gems of economle and political wisdom, aa are the distinguished persons
above mentioned. The workere of the
Dominion are solely entitled to the
credit of their being there, for the
workers elected them to their honor*
able offices, and which they are so eminently qualified to fill, greatly to the
satisfaction of those who toil, those
who fight and those who loan. All of
which the splendid results of their
noble efforts and the widespread satis*
faction thereat, doth most emphatical*
ly avouch.
General Harrison Oray Otis, pre
prietor of* the Los Angeles Times, the
only non-union daily of any consequence in the United States, "shuffled
off the mortal coll" in that city thia
week. He was a famous warrior, was
the general, his most notable warlike
achievements being hia successful defence against the persistent attack
made upon his works by the Typographical Union, and waged without letup for lo, thete many yea
fair to state that he was
belt hated man that ever
upon his head the wrath of organized
labor. No doubt due to the rigors of
the campaign so lone waged against
him by his tradea union enemies, he
at last became ao reduced in vitality
that Death out him down with his
scythe nt the' tender age of 80 years.
Otherwise he might have lived to a
ripe old age. Although organized labor
might well contribute to the erection
of a monument to his memory, of sufficient specific gravity to afford ample
assurance against his resurrection,
there are still some members of the
Typographical Union who will sadly
miss him and no doubt sincerely mourn
his untimely end. These mourners will
consist of those gallant warriors who
have conducted the siege against the
Otis embattlements all of these years,
munitioned and fattened from the
funds raised by assessment of all members throughout the land since the
memory of Typos run not back to the
contrary. Some of these gallant warriors are said to have fought the
doughty general so long and so successfully that they long since became
possessed of such striking rosehiblance
to that old war horse himself, that
they were often mlstakon for him.
Their sorrow will be profound. Their
tears most plentiful. The General is
dead. Long may he remain so. The
Times is still non-union.
According to the Appeal to Season
the latest and most popular prayer
among hungry hobos runs as followa:
"0, Lord! help us to get throe squares
a day, so that we will not be forced
to eat yesterday's breakfast for supper tomorrow night."
Karl Liebknecht, the socialist member of the Gorman reichstag, who was
sentenced to 30 months at hard labor
for preaching peace and accusing the
Junker gang of being responsible for
the war, is reported to be very ill. It
Ib also said that he has made several
attempts to commit suicide. In a thousand ways are the best of the race
made martyrs in the cause of liberty.
Some surprise has been manifested
because American exchange has fallen
below par in European markets. And
yet there is nothing remarkable in
that. If this most glorious war lasts
another year or two the purchasing
power of the so-called money of all the
countries of the earth will; be no greater than that of confederate currency.
The way that business iB growing in
volume and] the wealth of the world in*
creasing right along with the most terrific wholesale destruction and waste
that the world ever saw, iB the most
grotesquely humorous situation ever
staged by human ignorance in a
The quartermaster-general's department of the United States military shebang has asked 58 hotel associations
for the loan of 8,840 cooks for use at
the army cantonments. Let the reader
clearly understand that it is cookB that
are to be borrowed, not other cooking
utensils such as pots, kettles and pans,
nor yet again crockery and chalnber*
ware, but just cooks, that's all. It is
not reported that the cooks are to be
consulted in the matter, and, como to
thinks of it, why Bhould they be! Thoir
mission, the same as that of all Blaves,
is to go where they are wanted and
do aB they are told. Their masters
may borrow or loan them as they may
see fit. All the same as a "liberty
loan."   Soe the $oint!
As an indication of the way economy
ia practiced under capitalist production
and distribution, and the conservation
of food, and other necessaries is happily safe-guarded, the dumping overboard of a cargo of 7,000 tons of corn
at Baltimore, recently, should not be
overlooked. The corn had spoiled, while
on its way from the farmera from
whom it had been stolen to the customers in Europe who were expected
to purchase the swag. It is a safe bet
that there are people enough in Baltimore who have not had a really square
meal during the last twelve months, to
have prevented the cargo from spoiling, at least in the way it did, if they
could havo gotten at it. But that
would not have been business. It
would have been ridiculous.
I upon I
of i
la a ..
slaves t
to i
under *
to c
their Blaves to carry to the utter-
parts of the earth, is the democ-
, of capitalists.   It ia a democracy
industrial and financial masters. It
" bastard democracy, aB far as the
m of capital are concerned, because
i no farther, nor ia it intended
any farther, than the political
Democracy, to be the creed of
!, must be an industrial democracy,
r whioh no inequality, in so far aa
access  to  and    control   of   material
s, can exist between those who
. contributed equally of their titae
_ talents to the common good. Neith-
President WilBon or any of his fol-
•*ng are at all anxious to "make
world safe" for that sort of  de-
racy.   The battle for that is yet
come, and when it does come there
" be no appeal put up by the powers
- - be, to induce people to purchase
liberty bonds" in order to aid in
inning it.   Those powers will sing a
different song than that.
Mr. Hoover, of Belgium food commission fame,   and   who is now the
'great "I am" in the United States
givemment's food-price monkey-business, Baid to a woman who wanted
the food bill passed soon: "If it isn't
passed soon, I'll go to tho country and
tell the people the truth. They shall
know the men who are holding me
book—and   when   the   people   know,
I heaven help these men." Hoover
might as well keep his temper and
withhold his threats. "These men"
are bound to be mostly good, religious
persons, who live in due and proper
fear of God, and are imbued with a
hope of heaven that must be a consolation to their souls made weary by
the winnings and pulings of captious
snivellers and old "Mother Parting-
tons" with their silly mops and
brooms. That heaven already helps
them in their goodly undertakings and
smiles benignly upon their successes, is
I amply shown by the magnitude of the
material reward that comes to them
in return for the crumbs of effort they
have cast upon the business waters of
' life. Heaven is even now helping them
without waiting for Hoover's intervention.
A San Diego woman of wealth is said
to have lived one whole day on 27
cents, presumably for the purpose of
clearly demonstrating that sum to be
amply sufficient for an adult person's
sustenance. And yet there are ear*
penters, machinists, builders, laborers,
longshoremen and others holding similar light employments, that are draw*
ing far more than that sum in wagea
per hour. And the shame of it is that
they draw down these enormous wages
right in the face of their country'a
awful peril at the hands of the bloodthirsty "Huns" of mid-Europe. It is
very Bad, indeed, to think that any
persons can be ao lost to all sense of
loyalty and patriotism aa to actually
roll in wealth in the presence of such
serious danger to king, country and
flag, that which makea their present
felioitious condition possible.
To protect the American soldier from
the ravages of "social disease," the
medical department of the army has
organized a section which will devote
its attention exclusively to thia problem. In light of the splendid results
of the noble medical art of coping with
smallpox, typhus and other filth dls*
eases, by inoculating prospective vie*
tims with varloua compositions of rot*
tenness and corruption, it ahould not
be impossible to discover or compound
some equally efficacious concoction of
concentrated pus and rotten filth to
render prospective war heroes immune
agalnBt syphilis and kindred commercial ailments, once it la pumped into
them by a duly qualified medico. No
similar problem haa ever confronted human kind that the medical fraternity
has not solved, at leaat, to its own sat*
We note that the enlistments for the
regular army of the United State! run
from 1,800 to 2,500 per day. These
figures are taken from the official bulletin, issued daily by the government
at Washington. These enlistments are
thus at the rate of aomethlng like
three-quarters of a million per annum.
This, taken along with the fact of the
miserable pay accorded a soldier at the
present time, throws an exceedingly
valuable light upon the pretense that
conscription waa necessary in order to
raise the requisite number of men for
war purposes in Europe. It ia beyond
question that $2.50 per day would bring
slaves to the colors faster than they
could be equipped and fitted for the
brutal sacrifice. Back of conscription
lies aomethlng ot far mere sinister
significance than the needs and requirements of the present war emer-
fency. The American people will some
ay awake to the fact, and thank their
stupidity for the miseries that will
have come npon them ia consequence.
, The democracy that is so devoutly
worshipped by our present rulers aad
Skest banner they ao fearlessly call
attorn 208 Labor Temple, lieete Snt
Sundty of etch moath. Prtoident, Jtmet
CtmpbeU; flntneltl eeorettry. J. Smith, 610
Holden Bldg.; Box 42t; phont Sty. 2572;
recording itoreltry, Wm. lioltltbtw, Globe
I Hotel, Mtln ttreet.
Kelt 2nd tnd 4th Wedutedtye, S pja.,
Boom 807. Preildent, Chu. F. Smith; Mr-
. reepoading ttortttry, w. B. DtgntU, Box 61;
flntneltl ttorettry, w. J. Pipes.
B. B. W. of A—Meets Snt and third
Wednetdty of etch montb, Room 802, Ltbor
I Ttmplt, 8 p.m. Preeldent, A. Byhtt; ttorettry. A. E. Athorofl, Suite 1, 1788 Fonrth
tvenue west.
The volume of business being done
by the great commercial nations continues to show a healthy and satisfactory increase each month in Bpite of
the long-drawn-out duration of tho
war. Ono cheering feature of it all
is that the increase is strikingly in
ovidenco in all lines of business effort. None appear to be exempt from
the general good fortune that these
parlous times have vouchsafed to the
business world in general. From data
tabulated by the bonding department
of the Fidelity & Casualty Company
of New York it appears that tho industry of embezzlement and defalcation in the United States more than
doubled in "earnings" for the month
of May, over the previous month. Embezzlements and defalcations from
"banks, trust companies, beneficial associations, publio servioe, general business, insurance companies, transportations, . courts and trusts and miscellaneous," for the month 'of April
amounted to $448,451 For the month
of May this waa increased to $1,145,*
787, an Increase of 155 per cent.
Whether this splendid increase is due
to the enlarged opportunities afforded
by war condltlona or to improved of*
ficienoy in the conduct of the business,
or both, is not stated, but this par*
tlcular line should not be overlooked
by investors seeking lucrative fields for
their capital and business sagacity.
Local 177 Holding Special Session Tomorrow Afternoon.
On account of the large number of
members of the Machinist locals working nights, it hae been decided to hold
a meeting in Saturday afternoon, onco
a month, the first of which will be
held tomoirow. It is expected that a
large number will be initiated and
many applications for membership
handed in.
Local No. 777 Ib making splendid
headway, and ia increasing its membership doily. It is now affiliated with
tho TradeB and Labor, and Metal
Tradea councils, and has good live delegates on both.
At next regular meeting the men who
went back to work at the Vancouver
Engineering WorkB will be dealt with
and be expelled from the organization
and fines placed against them.
Organised Labor  Should  Sort Oat a
Few and Send Business Agents
te   Ottawa.
The provincial representation in the
present and in the next Houae of Commons will be:
Present    Next
House.     House.
Ontario    .—   86 82
Suebec       65 65
ova Scotia    18
New Brunswick     13
Manitoba     10
British Columbia      7
Prince Edward Island..    4
Saskatchewan    .   10
Alberta    , 7
Yukon      1
flnt  Md third  Thundaya.   Executive
bourd; Jamu H, MeVety, pnsideat; Fnd A.
Hoover, vta-presldent;  Victor R.  Midgley.
Kmoral eeentary, 910 Labor Tomplo; frod
aowles, tnuurer; W. H. Cotterill, statistician; urgeant-at-armi, George Harrtaon; A.
J. Crawford, Ju. Campbell, f. Haigh, trw
Meeta  ooeond  Monday  In   tbo  month.
Preildent,  Oeo, Dirtier;    eeentary, B. H.
Noolandl, P. 0. Boi 66.
al Union of America, Looal No. 130—
Meeti 2nd and 4th Tuesday! In tho month.
Boom 206 Labor Templo. Preildent, L. E.
Herrltt; aeoretary, S. H. Grant, 1671 Alberni
ond Iron Ship Builders and Helpen of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 184—Meeti
erery Monday, 8 p.ra, Preildent, A. Campbell, 220—Snd Street buiineu agent, J. fi.
Oarmlchaol, room 212, Labor Temple.
620. Meete every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple, President, P. Hodges; vice-president, P. Chapman; secretary-treasurer,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple,
Phone Sey. 7406.
Paetflo—Meeti at 467 Gore avenne every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, baiineu
—Meeti in Boom 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p-m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell itreet; recording seon-*
tary, John Murdoch, Labor Tomple; flnanolal
secretary and business agent, B. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Loul 36-62—Offloo and hall,
, 804 Pender itreet east.   Meets every Thnn-
day 8 p.m.    Secretary treasurer, P. Chapman;
I business agent, J. Mahone
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m.    Presl*
.».,.   iwuw   luursaayi   at   8   p.m.     	
dent,   Wm.   Small;  ncording   secretary,   J.
Brooks: financial iecretary, J, H. MoVel
211 Labor Temple.   Seymonr 7406.
   jr 7406,
ton' Union, Local 848,1. A. T. 8. E. *
,M. P. M, 0.—Meets flnt Sunday of each
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President*
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh,
I flnanclal and corresponding iecretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Box 845.	
America—Vaneonver and vicinity.—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondaya,
Boom 204, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 1028 Grant street; financial lee-
retary, J. Lyons, 1548 Venablei itreet; re*
cording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Pt.
Grey road.    Phone Bayvlew 2870L.
138—Meets second and fonrth Thunder*
of oaoh month, room 808, Labor Temple.
President, H. Pink; vice-president, B.
Spring; flnanolal aeoretary, G. H. Weston;
recording secretary, D. Lemon, room 803,
Labor Temple.
ployees,   Pioneer   Division,   No.   101— l
Meeta Labor Temple, second and fonrth Wed-
nesdays  at 8 p.m.    President, J. Hobble;  ,
vice-president, E. S. Cleveland; recording iee.
tary, A. V. Lofting,   2661   Trinity   itreet. j
phone Highland 166R; flnanolal eeentary and
buiineu agent, Fnd A, Hoover, 2400 Clark
I drive, ofllce corner Prior and Main streets.
America, Local No. 178—Meeting! held
flnt Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Preildent, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, Mlsi
H. Gutteridge; ncording aeeretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 608; flnanolal aeoretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 608.
I    —Meets second and fourth Fridays of eaeh
month, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.    President, 0.
. Soami; ncording iecretary, W. Hardy. 446 I
23rd street west, North Vancourer; flnanclal
secretary. S. Phelps.
lut Sunday of eaeh month at 2 p.m.
'President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-president,
R. G. Marshall; secretary-treasurer, B. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
B. 0. FEDERATION Op LABOB—Meeta la ]
annual convention in January.   Executive j
offlcen, 1017-18: Pruldent, J. Naylor, Boi |
41S,   Cumberland:   vice-pruldente—Vanoouver: Ju. H. McVety, V. B. Mldgley. Ubor '
Temple.  Victoria; Jr. Taylor, Box 1815. Van* t
couver Ialand: W. Hud, South Wellington.
Prinoe Bupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 604.
Now Westminster:  W. Yatei,  006 London
street.   Kootenay Dlitrlet: A. Goodwin, Boi
26, Trail.   Crowi Nut Valley: W. B, Phil-
lips,    178   MoPhenon   avenue.    Secretary-
treuunr: A. S. Weill, Bos 1080, Victoria,
B. 0-
.    CIL—Meeta  flnt and  third  Wednuday, 1
Labor HalL 1424 Government atreet, at 6 J
pjn.    Pruldent. E. Christopher,  Box 887;
vico-presldent, Christian Slverti,  1278 Dan-
.man stnet; iientary, B. Simmons, Box 802,
Vlotoria, B. C.
Council—Mute aacond and fourth Taw* \
dan of oaoh month, In Carpenten' hail. Pre- T
aidant, 8.   D.  Maedonald; atentary, J. J.
Andenon, Box 278, Prince Bupert, B. 0.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OP A.— i
1 Meete leeond and fourth Bandar of eaeh J
month, at 8.80 p.m., Bichards HaU. Pruldent, Walter Hud; vlce-pruldent, Wm. Iran:
recording eeentary, Ju. Bateman; flnanolal
iecretary, 8. Portray; tnuunr, J. H. Rich-
I ardson.
221        235
Boys' Boots
—It's never too soon to tive a
little thought to the bot'a
School Shoes. We mention it beeause the MHouee of Leckie"
turns out a splendid wearing,
medium-weight shoe that'll delight him.
—Or, for his ordinary street
wear—for the lad's strenuous
clambering about dulng the
holidays, It him out with a pair
of "Leckie" hard-wearing trimly-built street shoes for boys.
The whole family'11 like them
quite as muoh as the boy. Like
everything made by "Leckie"
they're made right.
At Your Dealers
tt America, local 784, New Westminster. J
Meeti uund Bandar af oaoh month at 1*80 1
p-m.   Saentary, f. __ Jamuon. Box 406,
______ BUPBBT. B. Q.
synopsis or ooal,jainia bBgula- I
pOAL mining righti of the Dominion. —.
*~ Manitoba, Sukatehowan aad Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, tha Norih-Weit Terrltorlu
and In a portion of the Provinco of Britlah
Colombia, may ba leued for a turn of
twenty-one yean renewal for a farther term
of 21 yun at an annual nntal of 91 an aon.
Not mon than 2,660 acne will ba leued to
one applicant.
Application for a lease muit be made by
the applicant In penon to tho Agent or Sub*
Agent of tha dlitrlet ln whloh tha rlghta applied for an altuatod.
In eurveyed territory tha Iandtpoit bt du*
■oribed by lectioni, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and In nnsurveyed territory tha
tract applied for ahall bo staked out by tha
applicant himself,
Each appllutlc          , ,,
a fee of |5 whloh will ba refunded If tie
Each application mut bo accompanied
rlghta applied for an not available, bnt not!
otherwise.   A royalty ahall bo paid on thai
merchantable output of the mino at thi rate
of Ave unto per ton. _
The penon operating tha mine ahall fur-|
nlsh the Agent with sworn returni accounting!
for tha fall quantity of merchantable eoall
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If thaT
ooal mining rig!* ~ ' """"
inch returni
righti are not being operate
■hould ba furniihed at *
oau a year.
The leue will include the eoal mlnu
rlghta only, rescinded by Chap. 87 ef 4
George 7. uunted to llth Jnne, 1014.
Ior full Information application ihould I—
made to tha Soontary ot tha Department ol
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Bubr
Agont of Dominion Landa. _.
Deputy Minister of tha Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of thta i *
vortlument will aot be paid for.—P*»78.
fer TBI FIOXUTIOniT lo t be.r.
noxunoniT I. . bear,
r»i  ev«l IT MONTHLY, qntrttrlr
Tttrlr. at atat talu Ut wishes ol
•HMtluMfcl..        flnl.n.1*    »    n.ll..
jaatij,  aa  wi  hih we  wuuu  Ol ua
membenhlp.    Submit a motion at nut
meeting—add advise Tha   Pedaratloatat
of the runlt. •■///>'
1 /
nrtr  T\ « /inn -- ■  -	
Are your teeth "lying down" on the job?
YES, they are if they are defective—and don't blame them, Yoa
wouldn't do good work either if you were uot treated properly.
IT menns something to you—and that directly—in cold dollars
nnd cents if you allow your teeth to "He down" nnd ref uso to
work. It menns impairment of your physical powers—acute pnin,
etc.—all of which affects your working powers or—possibly,, compels you to lay oft work.
IT will pay you to let me examine your teeth nnd put them in
proper condition beforo they seriously endanger your, health and
My charges for all forms of dental work nre as reasonable as
my work is thorough.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hustings Street Weat, Cor. Seymour
Phone Ber. 3331
made by phone
National Industries to Be
Fostered  After  the
War Is Ended
The Place To Clothe Your Boy
SOUS—Tweeds, SorgoH nnd Worsteds to (It boys nnd youths, 2 to 18
yenrs; mnde Norfolk, Sports, I'inchbuck nnd other styles; good wearing qualities; nil prices.
ODD PANTS—Corduroy, Tweed, Serge, Vclvotcon, White Drill nnd
Serge, it) 17 sizes, from 2 yenrs up.
HATB AND CAPS—tfp-to'dnto in many styles.
UNDERWEAR—Shirts, Shirtwaists, Sweaters, Stockings, Overalls,
Night Shirts, Pyjamas, etc.
OOTTON SUITS nnd Straw nnd Cotton Hats.    '
Tel. Bay. 708 309 to 315 Hutlngi Street Weit
Conscription Infamy Seems
to Have Been Given
Final Quietus
Phone Sey. 2207.
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that every union man
should havo. Simplicity, efficiency and
economy combined with a money saver
are the principal features of
::     ::   670 Richards Street
All Day Cruise Among the Beautiful
Mountains of Howe Sound
Threo steaniors leave the Union dock daily ut 9.15 a.m. Sunday at
10.30 a.m. calling nt Bowen Island, Britannia Minos, Squamish und wuy
points ut 7. 30 p.m.
A steamer will le.ivo the Union dork on Saturdays at 2 p.m. for
Bowen Island direct, und leave Bowen Island at 0.30 a.m. Monday.
With our splejtdid hotel servico, this makes u delightful week-end.
Terminal Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.
Phone Seymour 6330-6331
EstnbliBhed 1801
Fire Inaurance, Aooident Ininranee, Eitatei
327 Seymour Sb Pbone Seymour US
The Sign
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
Of Quality
For your kitchen, Wellington nut.  $7.00
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump... 8.00
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump
Comox Nut
Comox Pea
... 7.00
... 5.00
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
[By W. Francis Ahorn]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., July 2.—(Special
to The Federotlonia't.)—The Australian Commonwealth government is
now engaged on drawing up,* a scheme
[of controlling national industries nfter
the wnr which will be along lines of
Socialism. It is intended as a Ilrst
contribution to spend $50,000,000 in the
cstnblishment of certain factories
under the joint control of private and
govornment supervision. A national
industrial department is to bo created,
which shall be in close contact with
the Commonwealth Bank, and a specially selected group of "experts" upon
whose advice the operations of the department will very largely depend.
This department will have vory wide
powers with respect to the investigation, croation, and maintenance of new
or expanded industries. If a proposition is made to the government the
exports of the governtaent would 'advise as to capitalization tariff aid required, and tho best technical methods
of organization. The Industry established they will report from time to
time upon its progress. Assisted industries would bo required to provido
for the presence of n government representative upon tho board of directors and to agree to a limitation of
profits. The shareholders proportion of
the profits would not be permitted in
ony given yoar to exceed seven per
cent, on tho capital. If the profits
went beyond this, the excess would
go Into the government revenue funds
or be used to finnnco a reduction of
the commodity to the publlo. If the
promoters of new industries agreed to
the scheme of control nnd profit limitation, they would obtain advances from
the government up to 75 per cent, of
the capitalization value, at live per
cent. Interest for the loan monies. If
the industry's operations resulted in a
loss after n reasonable and fair trial,
and the loss was found to be due to
inadequate tariff protection, the industrial department would advice the gov*
ernmont to at onco raise the duties.
If the industry wus really vital to the
nation's safety nnd well-being the loss
would full on* thc government until
Buch times ns tho new higher duties
hud ennbled tho industry to profitably
secure tho complote home market.
It is thought that the first experiments in this direction will bo made
as follows; $5,000,000 in tho development of tbo wool industry; $8,600,000
ench in tho chemicnl and tin-plate industries; $500,000 in glass works, nnd
$5,000,000 in spccinl iron and steol pro-
cess works.
A Threatened Resurrection,
It seems ns if conscription, is again
to bo n live issue in Austrnlin. This
feeling is further accentunted by tho
fact thnt the jingoes are drawing our
attention to thc fact that Canndu and
United Stntes hnvo been busy introducing schemes for conscription. To
thnt end the vurions anti-conscription-
iat bodies throughout Australia have
boen getting the machinory together
to put up yet nnother flght, if forced
to do so. It should bo said definitely
thnt Australians—ns for as the workors
are concerned—hnvo not changod their
opinions since thc conscription referendum was defeated Inst October. As o
matter of fact Australia is as irretrievably opposed to conscription as ever.
Tho labor movement has always op-
posed compulsion. It stands flrtnly by
the voluntary system of finding men
for the army. It says that tho institutions of a free people must be busod
upon tho principle of voluntarism, or
olse the right of the people of Australia to cnll themselves freo is lost. Australia has nlrcody proved to. tho whole
world that a country with freo institutions, which stands for high idcnls,
cnn mnke greater sacrifices uudor a
puroly voluntary syatem thnn older
countries under their system of compulsion. As proof of thiB, it must bc
remembered thnt we hnvo recruited for
tho war no less than 11(12,000 mon out
of a population   of   4,800,000,   which
(In VsjicoBver \
Olty. 11.00  ;
$1.50 PER YEAR
[Labor Persecution in New
Brunswick Same as
Business agent for Vancouver local of tho
Stemn And Operating Engineers' Interna-
tional union, with offices in Room 210,
Labor Templo, who was largely instrumental In having tho old "nalitinnl" union
wiped oift and merged into the present big
live organizntion, still growing rapidly.
Organizer Alexander lifts heen associntt'd
with thc Labor Temple Bince 1811.
has enlarged its dining room
capacity to 135. Wo are
now operating the Castle
Hotel dining room in conjunction with the Orpheum
Cafe, known as Vancouver's
specialty cafe. Union cooks
of the first-class; day and
762 Qranvllle Street
will bo admitted  is  by no means a
contribution to be fwhatacd of.
Have Learned What?
The workers hnve to view the mutter in this light. For centuries they
(have beon dumb servants under hnrd
taskmakers, but latterly they have
learned that they have rightB, nnd they
know tho value they render to society
and to the nation. Their hearts nre
j'ast as loyal to their country and they
have responded to all calls nobly, but
they object to be middled with an unfair share of the burden, the Australian workers have given great service during the war—-indeed, Australia, the nation furthest removed from
the seat of the war, haB dono more
than any other nation fighting in tho
world today, aud at greater cost. One
reason why Australia fears conHcrip-
tion is that the peoplo fear that under
military law civil law will vanish. They
contend that tho man who is forced
to fight is stripped of his manhood,
Tho trade unionists of Australia view
conscription in the light of European
history and that teaches them that
military discipline would be applied to
industrial conditions, and would break
'down every safeguard that trades
unionism has ballt up during tho last
fifty years. So it comes that Australia is now about to guard itself against
a second attack, and cnn be reliod upon
to make an emphatic protest against
any proposal or policy which would
establish a form of military despotism
which would render void nil the factors of freedom which are embodied
in the Australian constitution.
The prime minister, in his statement
on recruiting, issn-ed last night, makes
a further appeal to the peoplo to ensure the success of the voluntary system of enlistment. The government accepts the vordict of tho electors given
on October 28. It has formulated a
policy in harmony with tho decision,
and which it believes will provide sufli-
ciont recruits to keep our live divisions
up to their full -fighting strength. The
governmtmt appeals for tit least 7,000
recruits u month. Sport is to bc curtailed.
Shipyard Laborers' Union. *
A regular meeting was held on Friday, July 27, at which Business Agonl
Hardy reported the Metal Trades
Coiiiieil's ruling on the scale of wnges
asked for. After tv lively discussion
the Metal Trades Council unanimously
supported a minimum rate of 45 cents
por hour, together with all other working conditions embodied in the Metal
Trndes Council's ngreement, to be es-
tnblished, if possible, in Vnncouver,
North Vancouver, New Westminster
and Victoria.
He also reported that demands had
already been given io the following
shipbuilding linns: the Wallace Shipyards Co., Limited; Mockcnzies', the
Lyall Shipbuilding Co. Limited mul the
Western Canada Shipbuilding Co. Limited, but it was too enrly as yet to
got definite answers.
It was unanimously decided to accept the Metal Trades' Council recommendation nnd the b.isiness ugent was
instructed to go right ahead nnd establish'the now scale of 45 cents per hour,
Bro. Pholp reported that the Metal
Trades Council recommended n new
capita tax, as follows: Twu-and-ahalf
cent per capita; one dollar the minimum and ten dollars the maximum
amount to be paid by any affiliated
This report wns nccepted and the
recommendation of tho M. T. C, adopted.
Bro, Carrieres presented the union
with a handsome frame for the chnrter. Ho was tendered ti hearty vote
of thnnks for his generosity, to which
Bro. Carrieres suitably replied.
Business Agont Hardy was given
power to securo desk-room in the Labor Temple. At the prosent time he is
temporarily located in Room 221. Some
alterations arc taking place and in a
few days hopes to be permanently located.
The fatality nt Coughlan's wns
taken up, nnd it was resolved that thc
dolegates to the Trades and Labor
council nsk for actum to bc taken by
thnt body along the same lines as the
Metal Trades Council action in this
matter. It was felt that as the coroner's inquest plainly laid the responsibility on the management, no language wns strong enough to express
dissatisfaction with the working conditions In thnt yard. Fifteen applien
wore initiated.
No Stone Left Unturned to
Discredit the Union
ST. JOHN, N. B,, Aug. 2.—(Spoeinl
to The Federationist.)—Thc heads
of labor organizations in this city nt
an enthusiastic meeting held in the
rooms of the' Trades and Labor Coun-
Icil decided to muko a strong appeal to
'the labor -anions throughout tho Dominion to assist thc striking plumbers
in their demands, which they consider
to be reasonable. They also denounced
the authorities for tho manner in
which they have taken in trying to
implicate the strikers in several crimes
which have taken place in this community since the' strike commenced.
Tho laBt development in tho persecution, for it can be called nothing else,
is the chnrge of murder laid against
two of the plumbers, Everett Carland
and John O'Brien. It might be stated
here, for the benefit of those not acquainted with the facts, that on the
night of June 14, a young chap by
the name of Harris was assaulted while
on his wuy home and from the effects
'of the assuult be passed away in the
hospital on the morning of June 22.
Owing to the fact that the plumbers
in question wero not on the best of
torms with the boy, who wns merely
nn apprentice, nnd one of tho accused
men hnd said something to the boy a
few days previous, the charge of murder has been made against them. But
how was this churge made outf Not
by the Crown, nor the city, nor the
municipality, but in ordor that the labor meu might not have uny cause of
action, tho authorities have induced
the boy's father to lay the information.
Who ever heard of an individual taking a case of murder out of the
Crown's hands, and taking upon himself tho responsibility nnd the expense
of prosecuting a man for an offence,
which in all cases is prosecuted by the
Crown? Now, for further thought—
the father of tho boy is not u wealthy
man, and ns this case is sure to cost
no small amount, who is furnishing' the
capital? And still further—a follow-
workman, not long after the denth of
the boy, Robert Hnrris, father of tho
| deceased boy, told a representative of
the press, thnt as far ns he was concerned tho case could drop, but us the
police had taken the matter up ho had
nothing to do with ih Why this
The coroner's investigation rovenled
nothing of real evidence to connect the
boys in uny wny, but in order thut
union labor might suffer, these serious
charges are being made against these
men, who arc merely asking for what
they ure entitled to! The preliminary
hearing in the case of murder will bc
'Mimmcnccd todny.
Painters' Increasing Membership.
Thirteen new members were initiated
at last meeting of Vnncouver .-Painters'
union. Trnde conditions are improving
and the outlook for the season is fur
iiheud of the inst few yenrs. With the
advent of shipbuilding ns one of the
outstanding  industries   (tf  Vnncouvor,
'the painters aro in line to become one
of the most important of the building
trades, inasmuch us they arc not only
identified with the building trades, but
now line up with the metal trades. Being a live local and appreciative of
'the vulue of a Labor press, the Painters' subscribe in a body for The Fed-
Word from Taeoma, Wash., says
W. J. ("Bill") Nagle is as active ns
ever in the  Lubor movoment, though
| he snid whon he left Vnncouver he
was going to tuke a rest for awhile.
Babies tn Factories.
At the Kingston, Ont., Trades nnd
Labor council i^ has boon reported that
'liildreu not more than eight or nine
years of nge nro being employed by a
•ooal concern, und the mutter is to be
ooked into and tho proper authorities
asked to take steps to remedy the dis-
, In fur-away New Zealand democracy
hns been completely crushed. The
rights of free speech anil free assemblage have been wiped out. Jail sentences await everybody who dares to
criticize the ruling powers. All pre-
vious regulations of hours, kages and
conditions of labor have •-been abrogated and are ignored whenever it
suits un employer to do so. They hnve
conscription ia New Zealand, The re-
ferred-to ate the logical consequences
of its adoption. We should kotiw wlmt
to expect in Canada, once the precious
Borden scheme is properly hooked onto
nnd   IiIh   r.iin.'ily   cyclists
Uini.iii.-i Himeilliui*
es    10c ind 20c     Night*—16c ind 26c
In tho hot summer weather, when
one does nut seek exertion, thore Is no
Itreatcr   agt-nt   of   comfort   than   ihe
telephone.   Having tho telephone at
hnnd online! ono to talk anywhere—
tu tho store, to a friend, out of town.
No errand-run ii In k. no travelling, is
The telephone enables one to stay
nt home nnd be cool, yet keen in
touch with tho live world around.
Sou-Van Milk
Should be la tha bom* of (Tary
Fair. 262*
B. C. Made
the best
made in
,    D
In Our Big
Don't let any other dealer substitute
anything else on you
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit.
These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or Overcoat.
$ll;00 to $40.00
Sole Agents for Vancouver
Every season the Stetson factory puts out a new Feature Hat,
This fall they have named it the Stctsonian. Wc are now able
lo show you this hat, and have it in all colors. This hat will
l>e vory popular this full, und you will do well to conic in nnd
try one on.
We ulso carry a full line of union-made HATS in both
American and English makes.
61 Hastings Street Eait
How Can Our Service
to You Be Improved?
The suggestions and criticisms of our
passengers regarding the street car service
are earnestly solicited.
As it is impossible for us to check every
transaction with the public, we ask our patrons to let us know wherein the service
does not meet their needs..
Although n public Utility company often finds it
necessnry lo appeal for a readjustment of conditions
to enable it to cany on business satisfactorily to thc
public, it still retains the desire Ilrst and last of serving the public.
Thc stationary fare in face of increased costs, unfair competition, increasing taxes, etc., have recently shown that a readjustment is necessary if thc
company is to go on giving service.
The payment of a cent or two more for transportation may assure for you the continuance of the
street railway service, tho cessation .of which would
cause untold inconvenience and grcutly increased
Give your support and co-operation to the itreet
railway service.
FBIDAT. August '3, IM
<Jtattd/ you* to 'Wiry
UtCUcJi Gyryumt
^ ^   OOaJjo1-
Visit the Beauty Spots
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS      "       "  35c
EAGLE HARBOR ..     "       "  40c
LARSON'S RANCH ......    "       "  50c
HORSESHOE BAY  ....    "       "  50c
Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.  For further
particulars phone Sey. 9547.
Passenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
If It ta not call np the
or drop a card to onr office, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BED, Proprietor
Manufaoturen of
Offlct aad Works: Tenth Stntt        NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
Time for Action.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I was
surprised, while reading The Fed., with
the large number of adherents who ure
being continually added to the cauae
of organized labor, especially iu Vancouver and Vietoria. The Wallace
shipyard and Vancouver Engineering
Works falling into line, also the 200
munition workerB of Victoria who have
lately joined. The fact that organized
labor is iu such a prosperous condition
supports my contention that now is the
time for action,
I want to show four reasons why
labor should be strongly represented in
our legislature, and by sending repre'
aentativea to Ottawa in the coming Oo-
minion election it would pave the way
for provincial action:
(a) Only by representation iu the
legislature can we hope to get the jus
tice which we have -earned;
(b) There are enough men attached
to the locals in Vnncouver and Victoria to assure the election of one member for each city (and if one, why not
six and four respectively?);
(c) Public opinion hus been so badly
outraged by the extravagances of both
pallia*, that providing we can bring
forward men of.quality, we can be assured of a large measure of support;
(d) The impotency of our administrations which are in the grip of corporations which are doing big business,
strengthens my position when I suy tho
time has come for the men who produce to control for the benefit of this
Let us search our unions to lind men
who will honorably serve us as officials;
what do we care if they como from
Vancouver, Victoria, or any other part
of the province, if they are men of
principle, and have the welfare of humanity at heart. Other countries are
producing such men. One of thq prominent features of the. present world
crisis, is the fact that a large percentage of the men who are conducting
the affairs of the different nations, both
at the front and in the administrative
line are what the different papers term
men of humble origin (for myself, if
there is any difference between the
man of affluence and the one of humble origin> whether he attninB to distinction or not, the man of humble
origin has the preference.). From what
I know of this western world we need
not take second place to any other
country when it comes to producing
men of strong character and rugged
We need Btate inaurance. This haB
been in vogue in France for a large
number of years. Whatever payment
you make, you receive benefits equivalent to the amount of money paid in.
In Victoria we keep more than 200
men who draw salaries from the cor-
f.orations they represent because of the
arge number of working men who are
forced to let their policies, lapse
through lack of work, sickness, etc.
Tou have a wholesale house in Vancouver which can afford to pay $4,500
a year in salaries and travelling expenses to outside salesmen. These men
travel to the inland parte of the province, with the districts and prices being arranged with the wholesale houses,
they are enabled to make a good profit
for their firms. The time has come for
the government to see that the producer and consumer get full value for
their goods und money respectively;
and also, to seo the mountain of riffraff that lies between, is to a lnrge extent swept away. The farmers of B. O.
last year got a little over a dollar a
box for their apples; strange to say
that the same apples sold in Toronto
for two-and-a-half dollars a box. The
policy adopted by the government of
advising and allowing men and their
families to settle on supposed farm
land away in the backwoods, instead
of gathering them together in communities, has caused more suffering and
want than can be imagined. I know
of men and families in different parts
of this province who are living more
like animals than human beings.
What advantage do you get from a
raise in salary, if wholesalers, coal
dealers, storekeepers aud other busi
ios which make a living from your
earnings, advance tho price of their
materials in order to give them a good
margin of proflt f
This is the age of technical experts.
We see them on royal commissions, etc.,
but to my mind it isj the man who will
set himself the task of adjusting conditions for the benefit of the province,
instead of a few of his pampered
nical; three-fourths practical. There
nical;   threefourths   practical.   There
8*9  BI   Ud   UT«   U0M9J.
The Jarrit Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Bichards Street
They are the finest hit of workman-
hip in the bicycle world; 8 different
models in variety of colors.
Prlcea from 142.50 to $56.00, on'
easy paymonti If (blind,
"The Pioneer Bicycle Btore "
516 How St.      412 Hutlngi 8t   W.
are too many expert business men, or
in other words, men who are trained
to take advantage of another man's
circumstances, and their chief prey are
those who, through being chained to
the workshop for so many hours each
day, cannot attend to their own business affairs.
A link has to be forged between the
soldiers and workmen. In .Russia today
a union of the soldiers and workmen
is making a splendid attempt to put
things iu workable shape. Returned
soldiers are realizing now that certain
parties are angling after their support.
The BoldierB know that they never did
get justice from past administrations,
uud all they can hope for from present
administrations is partially performed
promises while tho war is on; these
will be quickly forgotten when the war
is over.-
I would suggest u gathering together
of all the presidents und secretaries of
the different locals in Vancouver, the
sume procedure to take place in Victoria. TheBe to form themselves into
committees to arrango for huge meetings in each city, the presidents und secretaries to be responsible for their
members attending. Why not cull a
general holiduy for the purpose. The
gathering together of labor in her
thousands would erente an impression
which it would be impossible to efface,
und would give a splendid start to a
campuign. for representation in the
houses of legislature. This, I think,
would practically assure the success of
the movemont.
Victoria, B. C, July 27, 1917.
Voluntary Recruiting Wai Knocktd,
Editor li. C. Feduratlonist: Voluntary recruiting failed because of Indifference of the
governmont; It was knocked by insults tu
tbe Canadian-burn. In pupil, press, office
and workshop, filthy ridicule, jibes and
jeers, tirades of abuso was heaped on weak
and helpless youth, by those of stronger
frame and inaturer ago; now these would
pile on the agony with the lashl ThlB savors too much of the repulsive custom, "Go
and do as X tell you, you brat, or I'll box
your ears," which is no way for reasonable
beings to act! Tbat is going baok to the
ages of the stock-rack, tbe thumb-screw, and
tbe treadmill. It is no way for those wbo
believe in showing the way, by appealing
to tbe intelligence of youth, for remember,
youth needs to be respected, Us intelligence
Is growing, and lt wants to konw. There
bas been a lot of peole that has made much
trouble by abuse of the younger generation,
when we bave to remember that It's the future generations tbat will have to do a lot
of scraping and struggling to pay for this
generation's folly It's not likely they will
erect many monuments for its remembrance.
Conscription may be all right for the exempted and tbe old Abrahams, but not for the
young Isaacs. Borden'o case is somewhat
similar. After interviewing the lords of
Downing street, slyly and deceltfuly, like
Abraham and hla young men, be proceeds to
erect Ills altar for his customary sacrifice to
save hiB own skin from the wrath to come.
But we are told, that just as Old Abe had
got his altar all nicely fixed up, and his victim all secure for the sacred rite, something
unexpectedly happened!. There wbb an Interruption! He hastily changed his mind!
Whether It was from the sudden appearance
of the horned ram, rushing from ambush, or
the abrupt interference of the young men,
he thought afar off, Is open to debate. Por
haps we may yet aee some of those old rams
lying In ambush In the senate ohamber making a suddon rush Into Borden's holy of
holies or maybe some conscription billy-
goat will go on the rumpus 1 But, seriously,
conscription is a very serious undertaking to
turn on a peace-loving people, especially after the way the people were insulted in recruiting meetings, la tho eburches, and In
the nowspapors, in the manner there Is no
disputing. It was no way to win recruits.
U. E. O.
Toronto, July 25, 1917.
The naturo of the partnership between capital and labor may be clearly understood by taking note of the
fnct thut labor produces all wealth
while capital owns it. This eminently
fair division of the burden between
the capitalists and the laborers accounts for the remarkably felicitioiiB
and happy relationship existing between thehi at all times.
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
Using only
' the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
Por Sale Everywhere.
Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vancouver, B. O,
2 for 25c 3 for 25c
tfelb ffeon wbocco.
Hotel Canada
618 Richards Street
(New Labor Tempta)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
Tho Russian debacle of tho past few
days at least points one moral and
adorns one tale. It shows how absolutely helpless the muster class is in
the matter of war and slaughter once
the fool working people refuse to be
driven to tho bloody work. It is fervently to be hoped that this phase of
the Btrike will bo overlooked by the
yet docile slaves of industry, to the
end that they will never apply it in
case they are ever called upon to again
go forth and gloriously butcher each
other for the edification of their masters and the gratification of their most
worthy ambitions.
The longshoremen of this city have
gone on strike in order to force an
advance of five cents per hour in the
wages of the truckers. They did thiB
right in the face of tho horrible fact
that the net earnings of the 0. P. R.
for the month of .Tune were but Uttle
leas than $3,500,00, a miserable increase of only about a quarter of a
million dollars over the corresponding
period last year. All of the shipping
companies immediately agreed to the
advance asked for, bnt the poor C. P.
R. Up to the present moment it has
refused to do so. From the figures
above given it can be easily seen' that
it had to refuse or incur imminent risk
of going broke.
It is announced that about a score
of "the more prominent women in the
various activities of tho city" recently met to discuss the problems of food
and national sorvico. ThiB is right in
line with a movement thut Ib on
throughout the Dominion, the purpose
of which iB to ''formulate definite
plans for the government of the kitchens of the country." Ab the kitchens
of tho "prominent women" of this
end of the Dominion have always been
presided over by Chinamen, and The
Foderutionist has as yet heard no rumor
that such practice is to be abolished,
presumably the nose-poking activities
of this precious bunch of social saviors
are to be directed toward the regula-"'
tion of kitchen practice among the
poor. It is only among that part of the
community that ther* is any room for
reform, anyhow.
As wc are told that only about 80,-
000 Canadian troops are at present in
service in France, that a total of 439,-
000 havo been enlisted, while the casualties do not exceed 110,000 up to the
present time, it is again in order to
uak, what has become of the balance
and why is it so absolutely necesBary
that conscription be forced upon the
Canadian people f What interest has
Canada in Europe that calls for the en*
forced sacrifice of any more men upon
that bloody altar f What haB Europe
ever done for any part of this western
continont that bv any Btretch of imagination could call for such payment in
return, uhIcbb that payment was mado
right here upon this sido of the Atlantic for the purpose of getting rid of
the Inst European clutch and stranglehold 1 To force men whose nncestors
were compelled to get out of that pestiferous region in order to escape its
tyrannies and horrors, to go back there
and sacrifice their lives and limbs in
order that the European brand of
tyranny and brutality may be perpetuated, and to perpetuate this infamy in
the name of "democracy and liberty,"
is the supreme achievement in irony.
[John Gabriel Soltla, in The Voice]
Since the outbreak of the horrible
European butchery an impression has
gained currency, assidiously nourished
by the paid apologists of capitalism, to
the effect that the European slaughter
of men was promoting the tenets of
Socialism) that, in fact, Socialism waa
being gradually introduced in the various nations at war. To the Socialist
all this talk and literature is only so
much capitalistic piffle, calculated to
deceive the unsuspecting. The Socialist knows better. To refute this false
idea it is only necessary to state the
terms of Socialism and its essence. Socialism means the collective ownership
of the tools of production and tho land,
and the democratic management there*
of by the workers themselves. This implies tho carrying ou of production,
not for the private profit of tho individual, however genial or wise he may
be, but for the common welfare and
happiness of mankind. It means, necessarily, tho abolition of the wage Bystem, wherein the many are subjected
to the cruel mercy of the few, who own
and control tho moans of life, for u
job. In other words, it means tho
transfer of titles to proporty, from the
capitalists to society itself. Has the
war thus far accomplished this I
Certainly not. What it has done,
however, has been to the interest of
the labor exploiters. It haB taken tho'
management of certain industries out
of the hands of the capitalists and
placed it into tho hands of the governments. This shifting of management
has not, however, in any way destroyed the profits of the owners, nor has
it challenged the principle of private
ownership. This change has merely
supplanted tho governments for the
private capitalists as the official slave-
This governmental control of the
property of the capitalists has been a
real blessing to them, in that it relieved them of the rather knotty problems of dealing with the workers. It
waB not bo very difficult for the British government at the outbreak of tho
war to persuade the workers organized
in trade unions to abolish all trade
union standards affecting the workers
on tho job in the interest of national
safety. But had this appeal come from
the owners of industry it iB a certanty
that tho British workers would havo
debated the proposition, for it waa
only with oitreme reluctance that they
yielded to tho plea.
For the government stands in a different relation to tho workers from
that of the capitalist. It is a sort of
a father of the family nation, although,
it is true, fallen into disrepute. Consequently, what was impossible for the
owners of industry to wrest from the
workers, the governmont obtained as a
matter of family duty from the toilers.
The result of thiB governmental control of industry has in no way benefitted tho workors. The governments
have constantly Bought to rivet tho ig-
noblo chains of servitude tnore firmly
upon the swollen limbs of labor. Thoy
havo, everywhere, sought to increase
the hours of labor; to speed up production, to substitute cheap female and
child lnbor for male labor. Tho years
and years of bitter struggle and martyrdom, of labor in its valiant efforts
to rise out of economic and sooial servitude, through trado unionB, tho governments hnve tried and unfortunately
in somo instances succeeded in reducing
to ashes. So far in our judgment the
only thing thiB terrible war has
brought to tho working class apart
from its indescribable sorrow and
mountains of dead, haB been the sorvile
state of whioh Hiliare Belloc wroto
some yearB ago.
Now to assort that thia servilo state
is Socialism is tantamount to saying
thnt the essonco and spirit of Socialism
aro identical with that of Syser Imperialism; that the ideas of H. Q.
Wells are thoBe of Sir Bobert Borden.
It is a delusion to think ao.
With the exception of Bussia, where
the people have won a littlo political
democracy, this war has not advanced,
but has, on the contrary, stifled democracy. Socialism shall come only when
the workers consciously organize for it.
To expect it on a silver platter from
tho capitalists is to expect the impossible. Por as Tolstoy, the great Russian, aaid, the capltoliatB will do anything1 for the workers save get off their
backs.   He wns right.
A lot of fuss has been mndo in
scientific circles over the finding of a
lot of prehistoric fossils down in Iowa.
Canada has a senate filled up with
similar ancient relics and bones and
there is no fuss a^ all made about it.
Delivered to and from All
Trains, Boatj, Hotels and
Pianos Moving
In Padded Vans by experts
Phone us day or night
Seymonr 404, 405
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Union Station
Aek for thie Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, u • minute, ttat tt Is Union
""le. This to our Ute)
A Delicious Healthful Drink
There is no other beverage that will refresh and revive like a glass of delicious CASCADE BEER.
Cascade is brewed by union workmen, in the most
modern plant on the Pacific coast.
CASCADE is for sale on draught or bottled at all
hotels and liquor stores. Brewed and bottled at the
Vancouver Breweries Limited
VICTORIA, B. C: 618 View Street.  Phone, 1269.  Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Road.   Phene 219.
HAMMOND, I  0,i Greenhouses and Nuraery on O, P. B.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros; & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Registered Offloe: VANCOUVER, B. O.
48 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988-672.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.   Phone Seymour 9S13
M. E. McCOT, Manager
The Right Start
IN youth you plannod for your own futuro;
your experience will now guide you in planning
to give your con tbe right start iu his business
or professional cureor,
A proper education is the first essential to his
success. Perhaps the problem of providing the
money necessary to pay for bis education does
not worry you, because you are prosperous now
—uble to. send him to college.
But reverses may cornel Prudent forethought
will lead you to protect your son's interests and
his chances of futuro success, and fulfil your
own duty by placing an insurance policy on your
life aB a positive assurance that your aon will receive' nn education. The annual premium requires but a small amount of money, and is an
investment that will repay you many times.
Olve your boy the right start In Ufa I Consult with a Confederation Life agent today!
Wutmimter Trail Bldg., New Westminster
THE Tea that has a smack, that gives a
zest to every meal. You are bound to
like it if you try it. It is rich and fragrant, fine and delicious.
Canadian Northern Railway
TO ~
Telephone Seymour 2188 =5-=
... n   •<■ Ji.:s»
..August 3, 1917
New Shirts for Men
—THIS IS news that we know a large number of men will be
glad to note, for we are asked for new Shirts every day.
Fashioned in accordance with our own measurements for comfort—of good serviceable Russia cords, percales, cambrics, silk,
Bilk and wool and crepe fabrics—ooat out, tailor finished and
with soft or stiff cuffs. Good fitting shirts that represent the
very best of good shirt value. Prices $ 1.60, $2.00, $2.60 to $7.50
New Hose for Boys, 3 pairs for $1
—AND a wonderfully good Hose it is, too; made of a fine
quality, good weight, blaok ribbed cotton, in all sizes—a Hobo
that will give good satisfaction. All sizes; 35c a pair, 3 pairs
for.....    ■  -I1-00
New Sox for Men
—A GOOD wearing quality cashmerette, English manufacture,
fast blaok, full fashioned, seamless, and with spliced heels and
toes.  All sizes; very special value; 3 pairs  ;llj2f
l     .     J IWWWWII    Itfl        HMWTI .MMMSiffimH MHHI.MSW H^V
Granville and Georgia Streets
Men's Straw Hats
Ladies'i$5 Panamas
That's the story and the truth—straight from the shoulder.
We do it simply because its the "B. ft P." way of always keeping the stook
up-to-the-minute—no carrying over into the next season.
That's the secret of our HAT leadership.
By the way—here's another hit of news—an assortment of Men's "Odd"
Straws and "leftovers "—some as high as $1.00—to clear at your choice for SOo
Practical economy
in the household
Tea and Coffee
-Pull Savor
-Absolutely puro
-Carriei   oui   "money
back" guarantee
—It Goes Farther
Ask yonr grocer for lt
Buy Baby a SHAW Car and he'll be safe
—bay mother a Shaw car, and she'll be highly delighted, for these can are made ia Van*
caver by highly-skilled workmen, of the best
materials that B. O. and Canada can supply.
They are designed on scientific lines-
made to ride a child round in ease and com*
fort—made for use as a bed for the little
chap. The newest models are certainly the
finest we have ever had, and can be Inspected by parents any time. Those who cannot
call should write for our new and interesting
catalogue.   Post free.
Shaw's Baby Cars
(G. 8. SHAW ft CO.)
904 Bobson Street, Vancouver
A Labor Congress Delegate
a Fortnightly Payday
And Brass Band
"Patriotic Fund" Rumblings
and Critical Musings
[By Walter Head]
1.—The regular meeting of looal 872,
U. M. W. of A., held Sunday last, wae
somewhat a fizzle due to a chain of
unforeseen circumstances, one being
the absence of every member of the
grievance committee; another being the
absence of the 'secretary on a visit to
Victoria. Rumor has it that the latter
is getting gay in his old age. Lastly,
your humble servant was unavoidably
detained at work. So there you are.
However, as far as can be gathered,
everything was left up in the air. A
new financial secretary waa elected to
replace Bro. Portray, who ia quitting
the mines for a short time, Bro. Wm.
Maedonald, our check weighman, being
the choice.
Labor Congress Delegate.
The convention call to the Trades and
Labor Congross of Canada, was read, as
wus also a communication from Ladysmith local dealing with a scheme for
sending a delegate. This question was
left over for a later meeting. A scheme
will then be devised to send a representative to Ottawa from the mine workers on Vancouver Island.
It would be a pity to see a Trades
and Labor Congrses come and go without the representation from the north
end of Vancouver Island, so Faddy
Draper can go ahead with the assurance of getting some opposition from
the wild and woolly west.
Tnat Brass Band.
The band committee reported progress,
with a substantial subscription list, the
matter of a donation from the local being laid over for our next meeting,
which is expected to be on Sunday, aB
the committee is expecting to meet the
president of the company during thiB
Fortnightly Payday.
Tho management has agreed to give
us a fortnightly payday, the details of
which will be worked out when the
committee meets the president.
Other matters are to be adjusted, one
of them being the new rates of pay,
which are to be paid on payday.
Apropos of the wage increase: A few
slaima at the Provincial Labor department are in order. Up till the present
we have given Bald department every
opportunity to make good, and it has
failed miserably. Had it been half as
smart in serving the interests of Labor
as it was in resuscitating the reactionary poll tax, we would have had the
desired information a month ago. It
has evaded the question, stated obnoxious facts in answer to enquiries and
went off at half-cock along wrong
trails; in faot, done anything and
everything but give the desired information. One is forced to the conclusion that the Booner the services of a
man who ia familiar with the Labor
movement Ib obtained the sooner will
it develop into a Labor department.
We simply asked the department to
ascertain for us what wages were paid
by the Western Fuel Co., and it haa
taken it nearly eight weeks to fail in
that task. However, we are patiently
waiting ,and we hope to receive the desired information by the time the cost
of living has necessitated another raise
of wages.
Patriotic Fund Ruminations.
Our decision to discontinue paying to
August 20 to 25,1917
Great Woriham Shows
Seen for First Time in the West
Horse Races Every Day
Prizes for All Kinds of Work
H. S. ROLSTON, Manager
the Patriotic Fond has caused quite a
stir in high places. One hears auch ex*
pressions as "Why can't you pay to
the Patriotic Fund, when men are fighting for 41.10 a day, and you are getting
raises of wages'" If I had my way
I'd.Are any man who wouldn't pay. Let
the men come to the office and stop it,
instead of asking tbem to go down and
pay it," and so on ad nauseuta.
They want to know what connection
the poll tax has with the Patriotic
Fund, and it ia my intention to very
briefly dilate upon these various objections.
I may say, in passing, that a copy of
The Federationist goes to the company's offloe from some source, before
I even get my own eopy, so this discourse mil surely be read by the principal objectors.
Now, in the flrst place, let it be distinctly understood that the stoppage of
the Patriotic Fund contribution is due
to no quarrel we have with the company, but is simply the carrying out of
a threat made to the Brewster bunch
when they proposed the resurrecting of
the poll tax. Brewster called our bluff,
and it's his move next. The onus is
upon him. What has the worker got to
do with direot taxation t Is it not sufficient that he produces the wealth of
the world, even although he is fool
enough to let some one else own itf
la answering the query of raises ih
wages and the J1.10 a day stunt: it
isn't our fault about the $1.10 a day.
Why not pay the soldier the current
wage, and obviate the necessity of leaving his dependents to charity?
But will some one kindly explain thiB
raise*of-wages question f
I notice the grocery bills, etc., are
harder to meet now than ever before,
in spite of the higher wages.
Bid I hear some one whisper that the
oost of living had gone up higher than
the increase of wages i Or is it merely
sunspots that are responsible for the
difficulty in paying the butcher, grocer,
Of course, the "giving" stunt does
not go very good these days, when even
a Chink has to be pleaded with to prevent him frota quitting. But never let
it be said that coercion was used in
jack-screwing contributions out of the
workers for the Patriotic Fund.
It is high time, any way, that some
other method waB adopted for caring
for the dependents of men who have
conscientiously gone to fight for freedom, eto.
Why not conscript a few industries
and run them for that purpose!
Make the profiteers support the dependents of the soldier.   I
what would be more just, seeing that
the profiteer is reaping huge profits out
of the misery and blood-shedding of the
soldier and his loved onesf
We are willing, at all times, to fight
for a square deal for the soldier and
hiB family, but are firmly convinced
that they should receive more than
(Continued from Page One.)
Keep at it, good masters.
Strength to your arm. May yonr intelligence ln dealing with a great world
problem, never rise above its present
That alone will insure that the arrangements for your eventual elimination aa an unsufferable nuisance in the
affairs of human society, will be io
complete that when you go you will go
never to return as a "stench in the nostrils of decency." In that glorious
day, good bye.
(Continued from Page One.)
One girl was convicted and sentenced
to imprisonmnent laBt year for concealment of birth. Another unfortunate,
who was taken advantage of, is now
'undergoing trial on a similar charge.
Some time ago a sweet young girl
committed suicide when on the eve of
being delivered of a child. The number of cases ef little girls being molested; of indecent acta practiced, or attempted on boys and girls; of the molestation of decent women almost staggers the imagination.
Labor Furnishes the Victims.
And it is the daughters of workers
who are submitted to the worst temptations. Naturally fond of the dress
and the good times which the moro fortunate daughters of the wealthy are
able to secure, they are made the object of attack by the Huns of Vancouver, who offer them what flrst appears
to be a perfectly innocent and platonio
friendship, but which eventually results in their ruin and debauchery. It
is for these girls that we want protection—for the girls who have to go out
and work in the stores and offices—
work for the 05 and $7 which
some of these hypocritical store-
owners, who pray loudly on the Sabbath
and make a big show "for the working man" in the prohibition movement,
pay to their "wage slaves."
WUl It Save?
These are the girls who have to be
protected. And it is for their safety
tbat the citizens are asked to put all
prejudices aside and carefully consider
whether or not something can not bo
done to Bave them from destruction.
The moral reformers, with their religious cant and their war on the unfortunate women, have failed, and failed
miserably. Will it save the future of
one girl to have a redlight district
established 1 If so, then start one right
But if a restricted district is opened,
let the man who would charge the prostitute thus publicly announcing her
shame moro than $50 per inontn rent
for her house, be tarred and feathered.
On Alexander stroot some very "pro*
minent citizens" drew as high as $500
per month from a single house in rent.
Let this sort of carrion be hanged,
drawn and quartered, but let us first
consider the young girls.
(Continued from Page One.)
mobilizing and artaing of cutthroats,
gunmon and known criminals, to act as
strike-breakers, thugs and murderers;
the allowing of deportation of citizens
from affected localities by lawless and
criminal mobs of ruffians, without any
attempt upon the part of duly constituted authority to either apprehend and
punish the criminals or reinstate and
protect the deported in their legal
rights; the attempts to railroad men
and women to prison or the gallows, by
even the grossest "frame-up" of evidence imaginable, for the sole crimo of
takiug active and lawful part in the
effort of slaves to gain some relief frota
their torturers and oppressors, ond the
tacit approval of such procedure and
even active participation therein, by
the publio authorities from the highest
to the lowest in the land;'the open and
brazen lying indulged in by the prostitute press of capitalism in its efforts to
sanctify the rulers and robbers of labor
and discredit and damn their vlotims;
the utterly reckless and impudent attitude of capitalists in general and their
pestiferous and vulgar retainers of
press, pulpit, platform and officialdom,
towards the workers npon whose continued enslavement the perpetuity of
their vulgar empire of plunder and
crime depends, is well calculated to not
only invite the coming of the revolutionary storm that shall sweep the ruling class and its infamy into oblivion,
bnt hasten the coming of that storm
and guarantee the fury of iti hurricane
ot purification.
Th* "Big" Wagee.
Now, 60c and 90c may appear big
wages, and would be if the employment
was steady, but the labor is casual, and
when the lower rate, that he must accept at times is taken into account, it
will be evident that this is barely a
living wage.
It is to raise thia lower rate en the
docks that forced the longshoremen to
strike. The C. P. B. haa stated that
we have an agreement with them, and
that we broke said agreement, that
they have recognized us in any contemplated changes in wages or oonditions,
and are unable to account for our present attitude.
Nothing could be further from the
truth. Usually when a change was
made, the flrst intimation we had would
be a notice posted on the office doors
of the various stevedoring companies,
and headed "To whom it may concern." Further, after our last agreement with the various companies expired, and whioh, by the way, we religiously kept in spite of a coast-wide
strike, we approached the C. P. B. and
offered to negotiate a new agreement.
This they refused to do, giving as a
pretext the international character of
our organization.
It is true that they have to a certain
extent recognized us, for as our organization contains all the loneshoremen
in the port, they could not do otherwise,
Placing Responsibility.
Referring to the recent negotiations
alluded to by Mr. Peters. We never
consented to them but only passively
Mr. Peters claims that the majority
of oargo leaving this port is foodstuffs
and war material, and would lead the
public to believe that the longshoremen
are responsible for the delay in the
Does it not occur to the reader that
the C. P. B. is more responsible by
their refusal to grant a living wage,
in view of their enormous profits at the
present time.
Mr. Peters declares that they cannot
pay any more than the competitive
railroads in the United States. While
it tauy be true that the railroads in the
United States are not paying more
than the C. P. R., it is equally true
that those railroads are continually
fronted with the same unrest among
the dockworkerB that has come to a
climax in Vancouver.
Why not the C. P. B., being the
largest transportation company in
America, blazing the trail and giving
its dockworkers a living wagei The
port commission in Seattle is paying
the rate wa are asking, and so are several of the shipping companies in Seattle.
The C. P. B. did not regulate its
wages all last summer on the basis of
what the railroad terminals were paying in the United States. Although
the various railroads in the United
States raised the wages of imported
strikebreakers, the wages of the longshoremen in this port remained the
O. P. R. Color Blind.
The shipping of this port is at pres*
ent tied up with the exception of the
Empress aud the Monteagle, which are
being loaded by the Chinese crews.
This should be taken into account by
the working man as it will show that
the large corporations have no compunction in 'using the Oriental when
the Britisher dares to make a stand to
better his condition.
Auxiliary's Press Report.
One fledgling of local organized labor haB early been called upon to try
ItB wings, the occasion of the flight
being the strike of longshoremen owing
to the C. P. B. refusing to pay the rate
demanded for dock work, although all
other shipping Intorests affected had
agreed to do so.
On Monday, a special meeting of the
fledgling's membera, better known as
the I. L. A. Auxiliary, comprising marine warehousemen and freight handlers, was called to consider the situation which had arisen as a result of
the longshore walkout, which had taken
place that day. It also had to deal
with the tentative offer of tho O. P. B.
to enter into negotiations for a wage
scale for all dock work from slings to
cars and vice versa, higher than that
now paid to tho auxiliary members for
that section which somes undor their
jurisdiction. The bait, howevor, wasn't
taken by tho hungry youngsters who
returned to work noxt morning as
usual, but upon finding that the company was using Chinamen to do the
work of the strikers they Immediately
quit work, notifying the company offl.
cials that their action was owing to the
uso of Oriental strikebreakers. Here
the matter now stands, the C. P. H.
refusing to pay up like the others and
the auxiliary members reaffirming their
decision to stand by tho members of
thc parent body..
with unliinited resources and a power
of production that can not be measured. This scarehead stuff that is peddled by a prostitute press and platform
bawds, along the line of threatened
"Hun" invasion, is posssesed of no
less doubtful virtue than that ot the
female residents of the redlight district.
The pretensions of prostitutes and
their loud professions of virtue should
fool no one, and can fool no one who
is at all acquainted with the peculiarities ef the profession.
Their voices are at all times the
voicei of those who have something to
If they continue to yawp it is proof
of their having found a purchaser, and
thereby gained the necessary sustenance to temporarily enable them to
yawp some more.
has fuilcd. By the statoment of mem
bers of the government itself, it is
shown that the enlistments still keep
up to quite enough to provide for the
fllling of such gaps in the line as are
made by casualties.
For tho month of Juno theso enlist*
meats were fully 6,000, and that, too,
in face of the undoubted fact that
everything has been done that the political tools of Canadian capitalism at
Ottawa could hatch up, to hamper recruiting and make volunteer enlistment
appear to be a failure.
This has been openly charged ln tho
house at Ottawa and has not boen con
vinclngly denied.
Let no one be led away by the fool*
Ish tale of the great danger of "Hun"
invasion of Canada or the United
States, in case the Germans win the
war in Europe.
In the flrst case there is no more
likelihood of their winning than there
is of the Devil routing the Salvation
And, furthermore, if they should win,
there is nothing more absurd than to
suppose them capable ef crossing some
thousand miles of ocean to whip anybody half their size. There are not
enough people in all Europe, with the
balance of thc world thrown in, to
crou sueh a stretch of water and conquer a hundred million people equipped
The First Trouser Shop
in Vancouver
We sre offering almost bs good values as in 1914.
Hundreds of pairs of the trousers that are here now were
actually made in that year, and compare in a tremendously
favorable light with today's wholesale values. Start in here
at $2.25 for men's tottonade pants in neat grey stripe; tweeds
and worsteds in a big range of pleasing stripes and mixtures
at $2.26 to $4.60- Still better qualities of fine worsted dress
trousers at $5.00 to $7.60. Navy serge trousers, $3.90 and
Flannel Trousers
Best for outings because they are more comfortable and you
won't be afraid of getting them out of shape. Made in first-
class style with tunneled waist and loops for belt, cuff buttons,
two hip, two side and a watoh pocket.  All sizes:
Grey ...
Cream .
White Duck Trousers—price .$1.76
Let na have an eleotion and settle
this conscript slavery business once
and for all.
And then let the workers of Canada
get right down to the buiineu of fettling, also once and forever, with thc
scheming masters of industry ud
finance juggling, that have their proflt
fangs sunk deep into the quivering
flesh of the wealth-producers of city
and country alike. When they have
been kicked off our backs and their
counterparts have been kicked off the
bocks of the people ot all ether lands,
there will be a possibility of human
beings living upon earth without being
at the expense in blood and treaanre,
of pulling off any more of these delectable spectacles, like unto that which
is so magnificently portraying thc
European civilization of this cultured
and enlightened age.
How Long Will Prejudice Stand in
the Way of Humanitarian Progress?
Today I am going to try and
impress upon the publie tbat malformed eyes give rise to many
nervous and functional troubles.
I have preached this to the public and to a skeptical medical
profession for the last seventeen
years. Had this statement been
made by a gentleman of that
profession, it would have been
given a trial long, Ions ago, and
many, I think, who have now
passed away, might still be living in improved health and vitality.
At the last meeting of the
Anti-Tuberculosis Society, a
medical report, as to present
conditions, was read, and in ad*
dition to other valuable information for the society, the confession was made that there were
more cases of tuberculosis in the
province than the society was
able to handle.
After the report had been read
and was being discussed I asked
permission to be given the opportunity of handling part of
I had no wish then or do I at
present desire to run counter to
the medical profession. Hy reasons for making the offer were
not pecuniary; I was actuated
by a purely humanitarian spirit,
aB might be surmised inasmuch
as I offered to treat all cases
free of charge, even to supplying the lenses. But my offer, I
regret to say, was ignored, I
have no desire or wish to do anything more than to prove to the
medical profession that irregularities of the1 eyes are the cause
of more functional and nervous
troubles than is suspected by the
medical profession. I will take
tbis opportunity to prove my
honesty in this matter by offering to prove to the medical profession, who are supposed to be
actuated by the highest principles of probity, as well aB hu-
manitarism towards their fellow
man, to never mention the subject of the irregular eye vs. vitality, if they will take up the
hypothesis, study it, and give it
a good and fair trial ana then
give an honest decision aa to its
merits. In doing this I feel convinced that what I have been
trying to inculcate for seventeen
years is as true and as capable
of proof as that the sun anises
above me.
I will now furnish a typical
case of tuberculosis, for she wu
treated for it by a medical gentleman.
E. B. Female, age 18, unmarried. Game to my offlce accompanied by her mother in September, 1016. Bad been living in
Kamloops, where she had been
recommended to go by her medical adviser. She complained of
headache, and thinking it was
due to her eyes eame to see me.
She appeared very much emaciated, and had a constant irritating cough which prescribed medicine had failed to allay. She
had boen undergoing treatment
for tuberculosis ana had been
taking cod liver oil ad lib.
I found her eyes to be hyperopia, or of the far-sighted variety. Bight eye requiring one diopter correction, the left eye
one and a half, including astigmatism. She was also complaining of night sweats which she
voluntarily told me. She was
furnished with lenses to correct
tho irregularities, and on leaving
my office was asked to report.
In October she again eame with
her mother and reported headache gone, cough almost stopped
nnd with better appetite ana altogether feeling much better.
Did not see her again until
July 7, 1017, when she came
again with her mother and reported cough all gone, slept well,
good appetite, had gained IS lbs.
in weight and was feeling fine.
She certainly lookod in the pink
of condition.
What Dr. Bowers Found Out:
Tho writer of the following article, which was published in a
well-known national magazine, is
a noted physician and writer on
topics of medicine and hygiene.
His statements are therefore to
be taken as absolutely reliable.
The article will prove interesting
and should convinoo many skeptics of the truth of what I have
boen Haying to tho public of
Vancouver for years. It is corroborative testimony of the best
kind.   Bead it:
"Up to within a few weeks
ago. had anyone told me that
with eyeglasses they not only
could, but did, cure coses of
goiter—some of which had been
operated npon without relief—
and any number of diabetic, kidney and high blood pressure
conditions, I should have sent
him a hand-tooled, highly illuminated copy of Munchausen.
"I might have admitted that,
by relieving eye-strain and defects of vision it is possible to
relieve migraine and other forms
of headache, neuralgia, dizziness
and fainting spells, stammering,
hysteria and epilepsy, nervous
exhaustion, despondency, asthma,
heart irregularities, insomnia,
spinal curvature from head tilting, nausea, and dyspepsia, rheumatism and pelvic pains, backwardness In school children, and
perhaps even subnormality or insanity, as Dr. Qeorge M. Gould
and other eminent observers
have been telling us for many
years. But when one claims not
only to correct all these disorders, but also to euro goiter with
{^lasses, to clear up tne sugar, re-
ievo the nervousness and thirst,
and reduce to normal the quantity of fluid eliminated in diabetes, bring the blood pressure of
220 and 230 millimeters down to
ISO or 160 in two days of spectacle wearing, and after a few
weeks of "glassing" apparently
to euro kidney degeneration—
this passes belief.
Yet I havo seen somo of tbe
subjects of these miracles, snd
have interviewed and hoard from
many others who hnvo boon miraculously restored to health. I
have studied tho record of scores
of cases and talked with physicians and pathologists who first
diagnosed the conditions.
The astonishing successes in
treating systemic disorders by
adjusting tho eyo tauncles seems
to bo founded upon excellent
reason, inasmuch as the natural
position of the eyo is in "distant" or parallel vision, and as
civilization requires most of us
to convergo our line of vision,
to a focal point from fourteen
to twenty inches from the eyo,
and to hold it there moro or less
tenaciously during the working
day, the external eye muscles
are brought to a condition of
This results in the muscle
fibres becoming thinned and
weakened, and the muscle Anally
being shortened. Also the ciliary
muscle, whieh flattens and elongates the crystalline lens (thereby altering the focal point), and
the ciliary nerve becomes strained from over-fatigue.
This b Progress rais IS ^gm Thii Is Science
830 Birks BuUding
Free X-Ray film
of your teeth
TO acquaint ti|e(public with the value of the X-Ray, as
applied to dentistry, I will make an X-Ray fllm of the
teeth of any person—placing the complete X-Ray equipment
of my office and my special training in this method at their
disposal.        ,
The X-Ray tells the whole story of the condition of
and about the roots of your teeth—something you should
know before having dental work done. If such work is
done on teeth with diseased roots you will probably
have trouble later with the teeth and also run the risk
of serious physical,ailments.
Pull knowledge can only be obtained by the use of the X-
Ray, aB ordinary dental methods often fail to reveal the true
Phone Sey 3314
Make appointment
with dental nurse
or call
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dunsmuir Private entrance
I* . i   * , | (Bi FARIOK)
You want
••Qualify Denlhlm"
—whether attention to your teeth
is going to be
costly and painful before you
decide on having
this attention.
TT is only natural that you should wish some as-
* surance on this point. So I say to you at once
that you need not fear the dentist's chair when you
come to me, nor need you fear a heavy bill. I use
Modern Painless Methods.
Telephone Seymour 2715 or Call
Stcold floor
Buk of Ottm
Doctor Grady
The Quality DentM"
Dental Nurso
Offices optn
lues, tt Frt. Ev'gi.
602 Hastings Street West
Oppoitto Libor I.mpl.
Biidqn.rt.nl for Ubor mon.    BUM
75o ud fl.00 par diy.
12.60 per week ind np.
Olfi »t BWoniH. B»Ul.
|2 Each, at Brockton Point Lighthouse
Phone Sey 2051.
To memben of tny anion ln Cimdi ■
■peotil rite for The Federitionlet of fl
you—If • olub of 10 or mor. U lent
Is the Natural Food
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg,
famous  food  expert,  says:
"Milk differs from every
other food substance known
in the fact that it is a complete food."
When yoa drink a glass of
milk, costing 2%o, yoa fortify
your body with aB much enorgy
and nutriment as you would obtain from a can of tomatoes or a
half-pound of chicken.
Eat less heavy food and
use more Milk, Butter,
Cheese and Ico Cream.
Be Healthier,
Bacon, sliced, per lb....... 30c
Ayrshire. Bacon 30c and 36c
18 lbs. B. C. Sugar _..«1.66
Slater's Toa, lb  30c
Slater's Coflteo, lb  25c
Apex Jam, 4-lb. tins „ 46c
Tomatoes, largo cans, 2 for.... 25c
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jello, 3 for 26c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
Delivery to All Parts
131 Hastings St. But   Sey. 3262
830 Oranvllle St.      Sey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Toil. 1683*
You can't afford to miss getting a share of tho bargains that
we aro offering just now at our
Ladies $0.00 Boots for  $3.90
Lndies $4.00 Pumps for 12.75
Children's $3.00 Boots for ..21.95
All - discounted lines at less
than cost.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doers
ud windows,
2337 MAHT ST. Phone: Pair. 447
Whon you got tired hunting tor
socialist nows in capitalist papers,
subscribe for The Milwaukee
Leader, the big socialist daily.
Samples on request. Milwaukee,
Tho Dolly Milwaukee Leider ind
The Federationlit, one year, $1.60.
"Right to Organize" Is Conceded at Last in Seattle
and Taeoma
Local   Happenings   Which
Are Keeping Membership on Lookout
Unusual interest has been tnlcen in
the Btreet cor situation at Senttle and
Taeoma, durinng the past.week, by tho
members of Pioneer Division No. 101.
The sweeping and unconditional recognition of "the right to organize," in
thoae cities, after a flght of many
years, naturally, is hailed with pleasure
and satisfaction. True, the question of
wages and working conditions has still
to be reckoned with by nn arbitration
board. But with the recognition of
the union as a basis these issues can
be met and disposed of much moro satisfactorily than under the old system
of individual dealing.
Vice-president Hoover, of this city,
is still on the job, and will not be likely to return 'here until after the nrbi-.
tration proceedings are concluded.
President Jos. Hubble was shown a
copy of a fly-leaf, being locally circulated, called "The Soarchlight," and
which contained an article, evidently
inspired by the samp insurance brokers
responsible for its appearance, charging tbe recent Vancouver streot railway employees' strike for higher
wages, as a "fake." Mr. Hubble said
the matter had been discussed at the
Inst regular mooting of the Division
and tho opinion of the membership wns
that legal action should be taken to
secure a retraction of such libellous
statements. However, after noting that
Commissioner Shortt had already observed that Solicitor Bird's statement
was nothing more than an inference,
rather than a '' categorical statement,''
the ndvisibility of taking nny notice of
such irresponsibility was questioned;
The vernacular of lawyers in general
makes it rnther obtuBO for the average
laymen, and it seems rather difficult
at times to understand whnt they are
Toully talking about. The fact that
Mr. Bird failed to call any of tho officers of the union to give evidenco and
thus make them available on the witness stand for croas-wtnmination seems
to carry with it a meaning of its own.
The officials of the Divisions involved
would be only too pleased to state their
case if given the opportunity.
Trade unionists in general aro keeping cases on the local situation bo far
as strikes are concerned and they arc
speculating on what tho result, for instance, in tho case of the Longshoremen, might be, were the country now
working undor tho terms of the proposed conscription measure. Would an
attempt be made to compel wage-work*
ers to act as strike-breakers? Would
the active union officials bo the flrst to
be spirited away to the lighting linesf
In a word, would the act mean industrinl eonacription ns well ns military!
Theae and other liko questions aro being asked. The letter sont this week
by Vnncouver board of trade to Premier Borden, which statea,^". . . .such
a condition is intolerable," etc., discussing tho local strike, has a peculiar
significance nt this time.
A few new motormen nnd conductors
are being "broken in" on tho local
system, presumably in ordor to moke
ready for the rush expected during
Vancouver's exhibition week. But 'that
thero will bo any permanent employment for tho "spares" after that
event is at least opon for debate. The
old-time members are looking on and
the matter may be discussed at next
Amendments to international constitution and othor matters of importance
will bo up for discussion at next meeting, Wednesday afternoon and evening.
Every member should be present.
F. Sleigh is back from tho front nnd
Oscar Kjob has returned from the
Secretarial and Ohapel Gossip Covering
Activities of Membership of
Local   No.   226.
Thero was a very good turnout of
membera at tho regular monthly meeting of Vancouver Typographical union
hold Bunday last, in Labor Temple.
Prosidont Armstrong occupied the
chair*, and all officers were in their
Threo now journeymen members and
ono two-thirder member wero initiated,
nnd traveling cards wore received from
C. C. Campbell of Winnipeg, D. A. Mc-
Hugh, Taeoma; T. McPhco, Now York;
It. M. Nisbott, Snlcm, Oro., and from
T. Wilson, who was abBent from Vancouvor for n short period.
Vico-prosidont Marshall, Secrotary
Neelanda and W. B. Currie woro named
as a committeo to institute a campaign
having for its object the diverting to
printing offices of this city work which
can reasonably bo oxpectod to be kept
at homo. It ia reported large orders
for printed mattor aro sont cast—somo
ovon to Japan—by certain business
flrras. Wo are constantly being advised to "Support Home Industry by
Buying B. C.-Mado Ooods." There is
absolutely no roason why tho printing
trado should suffer in this respect, and
wo aro expocting good results from tho
efforts of tho committee having this
work in hand.
Mr. J. A. Clark has beon confined to
his homo, and under the doctor's care
for tho past two weeks, sufforing from
a sovore attack of plourisy,    ,
Socretary Neolands is in receipt of
lottcrs fro© T. H. Potts and H. Eobins,
members of Vancouver Typo, union
who left for overseas with a Vancouver
battalion. Pto. Kobins is attached to
a labor battalion doing construction
work of various kinds back of tho
lines, but sometimes close onough to
bo interesting, Pte. T. H. Potts is in
First Eastern General hospital. Cam-.
bridge, England. Aftor landing in
England with a battalion which left
Van couver. last fnll he was transferred
to tho 7th Battalion, and, on tho 0th
of April, went "ovor tho top," receiving two gunshot wounds, in thc
right knee which mado amputation
nocessarv. He speaks in, tho highest
terms of the treatment ho is receiving
WiU Not Shrink
Price to be advanced to $1.25
yard September 1—76o per
yard while our stock lasts. Incidentally we might mention
that our Fall stock has just
been delivered, therefore, the
assortment is considerably
greater than usual at this season of the year. About 150
pieces in dainty stripe and
check designs, suitable for
making suits, dresses, dressing
gowns, pyjamas and for all
underwear purposes.
Present price 76o per yard.
September 1—$1.25 per yard.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
in the hospital, and expressed the opinion that he would bo back here beforo
very long.
Will BeafflUate With International and
Come Back to Central
Labor Body.
The Bakers' union of Vancouver
which, for a long time, has been having a precarious existence aB a local
organization, cut off from affiliation
with all tho othor unions of tho city,
has decided it has had onough of trying to flght its battles alono.
The assistance of the officers of the
Trades and Labor Council has been requested to hold a mass-meeting of the
bakers of this city, at which it is proposed to affiliate with the Internationl
Bakery Workers' union and with the
Trades and Labor Council.
This is the last purely local union
in the city and,- like sovoral other organizations, tho bakers have found out
by bittor experience that the international form of organization is the only
mothod to ensure success.
Pants, Overalls,
Gloves, Shirts,
Now Ready for You
These goods were bought before tlie present day high
prices, and wo arc in a position to save you money.
Working men's Gloves—
  60c to $2
Gauntlet Gloves.... 50c to $2
Working Shirts — Collars
attached, in a great variety
of colorings and materials.
Prices 76c to $3.00.
Waterproof Shirts—In khaki color! extra strong.
Price $4.00
Men's Overalls, overall
pants, in all sizes.
We sell everything in
mon's wear except the boots.
Two Reliable Stores for
Men in B. 0.
Look for the Big Red Arrow
LIMITED   ,   \
125 and 127 Hastings St. W,
Also Tates Street, Victoria
 August 3, 191'
Metal  Trades  Determined
to Make Prevalent Conditions Unanimous
WiU Win Out If They Have
to Adopt More Stringent Measures
The striko of tho Metal Trades at the
Vancouver Engineering Works is still
on, and in spite of tho fact that a fow
machinists have gone back as strikebreakers, prospects aro improving daily
from the strikers' viewpoint. As time
goes on, the pressure will become
stronger, The few machinists Who went
back have not strengthened Hhe position of the company, as they were all
of the type that could not bo relied on,
and in fact, many of them were not
expocted to come out in the flrst place,
to say nothing of staying out for any
longth of time.
All organizations are going to pay
regular Btrike pay, ana in addition
numerous'offers of financial assistance
have been received from organizations
not directly affected.
No work of any kind coming from
the Vancouver Engineering Works, will
be handled by any of the organized
men anywhere, and a close watch is
being kept on all shops.
There was never a better time to
flght this isauo to a finish than the
prosent. Nobody need go idle, and all
the finances necessary are available.
Skilled labor in this territory iB almost
100 per cent, organized, which meana
that it will be impossible for the Engineering Works to get any skilled help
of any account.
As far as the Metal Trades are concerned it is a fight to a finish and the
only effect the fow strike-breakers will
have is to1 prolong the struggle. In tho
meantime tho union men are not worrying, and aro very optimistic as to the
Women Members Proving to Be Among
the Best "Men" of the Trades
Union Movement.
VICTORIA, Aug. 1.—Tho Munition
Workers' in this city aro now practically 100 per cent, organized, nnd are
not only improving their working conditions, but are taking a very active
part in the goneral labor movement.
Tho following officers have been
elected and installed for tho ensuing
term: President, Wm. G. Reidj vice-
president, B. Pearson; recording-secretary, Emily Sutton; financial secretary, W. T. Bolton; guard, Lilly.
Judging by the manner in which they
have taken hold of the business of tho
local, there is no doubt but good results will follow,
Joint Council of Mill Workers' Unions
to Meet New Conditions
of the Day.
The fight for an eight-hour day for
Stationary Engineers' has commenced
in earnest. Business Agent W. A. Alexander states that an agreement has
been entored into by Local 620, Engineers, and Local No. 7, Shingle
Weavers, in which tho Shingle Weavers refuse to sign up for an oight-hour
day with mill owners unleBs the_ Engineers are also conceded the eight-
hour day. It is the intention to form
a joint couneil of Shingle Weavers,
Lumber Workers, and Engineers, in ordor to make their organizations more
effective in the struggle to better the
working conditions of the respective
Endeavoring to Acquaint Wage-Workers
and Employers With Provisions
of   New   Measure.
Tho B. C. Workmen's Compensation
board, comprising Messrs. E. S. H,
Winn, Parker Williams and H. B. Gil-
mour, returned during the week from
nn up-country trip. Tho, board visited
Michel, Fernie, Kimberley, Cranbrook,
Bull River, WardneT, Bnynos Lake,
Waldo, Nelson, Ainsworth, Grnnd
Forks, Phoenix, Greenwood, Princeton,
Hedley, Copper Mountain and Merritt.
Meetings wero held at theBo centres,
the board members explaining tho act
to thoso interested w tho subject of
workmon's componsntion. Visits wero
also mndo to in any mines, mills and
Officers WiU Be Installed at Meeting
to Be Held   at   North Vancouver Tomorrow Evening.
Tho civic oinployccs of North Vancouver will hold another organization
mooting on Saturday night. Two very
successful meetings hnve been held and
an application for a chnrter haa been
made to the Trades and Labor Congress
of Cnnada.
This organization embraces the ferry omployooa, city firemen, board of
works, employees of the City of North
Vancouver, and tho employees of the
District of North Vancouver as well.
Victor R. Midgley, secretary of Vancouver Trades and Lnbor Council, who
lias been ussisli, p i.i t^e organization,
will bo presont i' '-."(lay evening, to
initial th'e members ni...' instal the offlcors.
Carhartt's Help the Kiddies.
Manager Ryric, of tho Ca.-hartt lo-
-,il fuctory, World building; haa received an acknowledgment from Gladstone Minor's union, Fornie, of union-
mndo ovornlls contributed to the littlo
boya of some of the needy in that district during tho recont long-drawn-out
strike. Not only did tho company sond
a subscription for the widows' and orphans' fund, but it got the names and
ngqs of all the fatherless children nnd
made up specially for each of them a
pair of the famous Carhartt overalls.
Banper Values in Suits
Smart styles for men and young men in a
great variety of fabrics. ;
Finely tailored, many silk-lined; attractive weaves; worsteds, tweeds, serges;
strictly all wool.
The price is far below what you would expeot to
pay for suits of such exceptional quality.
J_P_ "mmor hart,schaffnere.nmtumiia
*^__W mSW unrrw
™   155 HASTINGS ST.W.
Tomorrow Local Lodges WiU Discuss
General Situation Pertaining
to   Their  draft.
Tomorrow, Saturday, at 3:30 p.in., a
meeting of representatives of machinists from the two Vancouver localB, and
the New Westminster Local, will be
held in the Labor Temple here, for
tho purpose of discussing general conditions, and the question of affiliation
with tho Seattle District, No. 26.
It is likely that the adviBibility of
appointing a local business agent will
also be discussed, as it is felt that tho
organization ib growing so rapidly, and
business increasing to such an extent,
that it is necessary to have a man in
the field all the time.
Have Joined Forces With Machinists'
and Will Soon Be Well Organized.
The automobilo repair men and garage employees were to hold another
meeting on Monday last, but owing to
Organizer McOallum being called out
of the city, it has been decided to postpone the mooting for a few dayB, when
it is oxpectod tho charter and other
supplies will have arrived.
Thia union is tho latest addition to
the Machinists' organization and promises to bo a real, live one, judging by
the enthusiasm displayed and the way
applications are coming in.
The time is uot far off when the
automobile industry in this city will
be thoroughly organized.
'Carpenters Strike on C. N. B. Depot.
The Carpenters' havo decided to
cease working with non-union mon on
tho Canadian Northern depot job. The
union mon quit Inst night ponding a
bettor understanding.
lax in its organization work   iu   the
Del. Benson moved that nominations
be received and submitted to the various unions for their approval. This
was not accepted until the motion to
lay over was put and lost.
Del. Hubble moved that a business
agent be appointed for two weeks.
Dels. Crawford, Kelly, Alexander and
Hardy also spoke, after which the motion calling for the election waB earned.   -
On Sec. Midgley being nominated.
Del Benson asked if the nominee
would bo prepared to resign as business
agent for two other organizations.
t Sec. Midgley, being the only nominee who did not decline he was declared elected.
Censure O. P. B.'b Attitude.
Del. Winch moved a resolution of
condemnation of the C. P. E. for itB
refusal to fall in line with other1 companies in the matter of the treatment'
of longshoremen and their use of Orientals as strike-breakers. .The motion
was carried.
Del. Benson moved that the B. C.
Federationist, Ltd., be asked to provido a street car pass for the use of
tho business agent, if possible.
An oxtension of time for fifteen minutes was granted in order that the
business of the council might bo concluded.
Del. Morrison mov«d that a letter be
drafted to the Minister of Lands, asking him to get a.move on with regard
to opening up tho "company" towns
such aB Anyox and Britannia, whieh
was carried.
A motion by Dol, Kolly that an organizer bo appointed by the council to
act in conjunction with the organizer
for the Teamsters was put to the mooting, resulting in Business Agont-elect I
Midgley being asked to devote a good
denl or his time to the now organization. ,
Adjournment 11:25.
(Continued from Page One)
from ■ "plying
Works, and members of tho Metal
Trades Council wore refusing to handle
nny work turned out by thnt firm.
Del. Thomas explained why tho
Longshoremon went on strike.
Del. Winch, I. L. A., said thoir organization waa following in itsparontB'
Del. Kelly paid a tribute to the
Australasian Seamon's Union, nil departments of tho Niagara having fallen in line with the Longshoremen.
There was nothing but solidarity in
tho flght, and no end in sight but a
winning one.
Dol. Kerr, Teamstors,> reported satisfactory progress boing mado by the
new union.
Del. McAninch, Boilermakers, reported on dangerous conditions at Coughlan's yards.
Dol, McVety reported for the committee nppointed to inquire into tho
request of tho Browery Workers' for
an increase, stating that a supplementary ngroement, whereby the men received $2 per week increase, had been
A communication received from the
8. P. of C, in reference to the attitude of the council in connection with
the anti-conscription movement, and replying to one sent by the executive
committeo of the council to tho S. P.
of C, suggesting a joint meeting.
Dol. MeVety moved that the letter
bo returned to tho S. P. of C.^ as it
was untrue nnd insulting, innshiuch as
it charged the executive with sidestepping, and expressed a doubt that the
council actually represented labor. The
expressions woro entirely unwarranted.
Del. Cotterill moved an amendment
that tho letter bo flled,
Dol. Midgley alBo took exception to
the tone of the letter ns to the attitudo
of the oxecutivo committee, which had
always noted in accordance wih opposition to conscription.
Proa. Knvnnngh then spoke, he boing
the writer of tho letter. He accused
Dels. McVoty and Midgley of doing
nothing in the matter of conscription
until tho council urged them to take
action. The S. P. of O. did not feel
liko acting with individuals of the
calibre he had outlined, but would prefer to co-operato with tho membera
themselves. He did not condemn the
executivo asji whole.
Del. McVety replied that, using parliamentary language, the statements
made were absolutely untrue,
Del. Rigby, as a member of the executive, said he had consistently opposed conscription, ns had Secretary
The lottcr waa finally filed.
A communication from S. H. Bellamy, ropreaentative of tho Sugar Refinery Employoos' union informed tho
council that the striko at. tho B. C.
Sugar Refinery was ovor.
Elected a Business Agent.
A recommendation by the executive
that a business agent for tho council
be elected, at a wage of $30 por week,
was thon put-beforo the delegates.
Dol. Lofting movod that it be laid
over for two weeks,
Del. Cottrell said to lay tho matter
over for two weeks wbb a good idea,
inasmuch as no one would be able to
say it waa railroaded through.
Del. Kelly thought the agent was
needed at once.   The.council had been
Week Commencing
Monday, August 6
New York's Greatest
; Sensational Play
Summer prices:
10c, 25c and 35c
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. lid.
41 Butlsga Stnet Wtat
Pleue remember thst no letter
acknowledgment of subicrip.
tions or renewals are made.
The address label on your
paper carries the date to whioh
your subscription ia paid. It,
after forwarding monies to this
office, the correct change in
your label date ia not made,
notify ub it onee. When you
hare a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send lt to this offlce—not to
the other fellow. Thus yoa
will got matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. O.


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