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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 1, 1917

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EAR.   No. 22
/In Vaneoaver \
\ Oity. IMP   )
fl-50 BER YEAS
C. Federation of Labor
Not Opposed to Real
National Service
Does Not Approye of More
Enslavement of Labor
By Conscription
[By Joe Naylor]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor)
Ii T MAY BE of interest to the
workers of the province to have
a brief review of the actions of
organized labor for the last few
years, as far as militarism is concerned. When there were no immediate signs of war.all labor officials
were opposed to it, and resoluted
and resoluted, and would no doubt
have kept at it so long as no more
strenuous action was necessary.
but at the first signs of having to
butt up against something real,
everything is changed. The officers of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada came bofore the
Vancouver convention with a
clause in their report stating that
"organized labor was behind the
Allies until they had gained a
final and ultimate victory." This
was followed with a clause opposing
Much Heated Discussion.
Tbe first clause mentioned called
forth a long and heated discussion.
Upon a vote being taken a big raajor-
ty was given in favor of accepting the
officer's report. This brought to the
Jninority the name of tho ignoble
28." A8 far as tho B. C. Federation of
Labor is concerned it has always taken
a stand against oonscription. As far ns
I know, the same holds good todny,
ind, speaking for myself, I am absolute*
ly opposed to it. If thoso mtn who are
physically fit, nnd many of whom I see
performing no more laborious service
to the nation than riding around in au-
:omobiles and displaying the Union
Tack, would get into khaki and do something really worth whilo for the county they claim to possess nnd which
hey profeBB to love so intensely, there
'.vould be no necessity for still further
Irawing upon the strength of the useful
nembers of human society. True, the
lsefu! members of human society are as
:i rule opposed to militarism in all of its
aspects, and militarism being purely a
ruling clasB institution, existing for the
solo purpose of holding the working
claBB in subjection to exploitation and
trade, the above suggestion can scarcely
bo expected to meet with popular approval among idle and useless flag-wnv-
ng patriots.
Sec-Treas. B. C. Federation
of Labor Reports Much
Increase of Membership and
a Strong; Opposition to
A. S. Wells, secretary-treasurer of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, passed
through Vancouver during tho week, on
liis way home from New York, where he
has been engaged in tho interests of his
trade organization. Bpeaking of conditions in the labor movement to The
Federationist, he said that there was an
evident revival of the movement. Toronto, Hamilton, Montreal, Winnipeg
and other points were experiencing a
stimulus that was much needed, and
which denoted a revival of interest in
tho movement which had lain dormant,
through industrial depression, aid instanced the fact that in Toronto the
carpentera had increased their membership by over 500 Bince AuguBt last, and
in addition had increased the wages by
ten cents per hour. Similar activity
was also to be found in other points aU
through the country.
Giving hia impressions of the movement in the stato of New York, he stated that the movement was killed by indifference. This condition appeared to
be in all walks of life, and was noticeable not only in the trade union movement, but in the attitudo of the people
generally is matters that affected the
Tho impression gathered aa to the attitude of labor to conscription was that
general opposition would be offered, and
while it had been claimed thnt the opposition emanated from the Wost and
from socialists, as a rule, or men of
enemy countries, this was not founded
on fact, as the opposition came from
men who had been raised in the old
land us well as from natives of the Dominion, Winnipeg being strongly opposed to conscription, nnd with a well-
organized'movement to combat the proposed conscription measures of the government.
Engineers, Local 620.
ThiB local has decided to change its
meoting day from Sunday to Thursday
during tho summer months, commencing
Thuraday, tho 31st inst. The local will
meet at 7.30 p.m. Tho membership is
continuing to increase. Six new mom-
bers were initiated last Sunday, and 8
applications were laid over until the
applicant put iu an appearanco at the
What Is Happening.
In the Sunday Chronicle of Nov. 5,
19K1, I find an article by Chiozza
Money, M. P., dealing with conscription
n Grent Britain. He points out that
he useful workers are being taken
!'rom their occupations' while there are
LO millions of males in that country
,vho are of military ago and have never
.'et been touched. In hiB size-up of the
lituation, he saya: "Let us add toge-
:her the 5 million men assumed to bo
ilready in the army nnd the 2_> million
.vorIters (men, women, boys nnd girls)
vho are making munitions. This would
-nake 7% million. Subtract this from
ho at least 22% million adults that
wght to be doing somo useful work,
tnd we find 15 million ought-to-be
workera that are neither in the army
>r navy nor making munitions. What
ire they doing! Does any one believe
that this 15 million male and female
jand of undoubted- patriots is doing
inything necessary to t-he successful
iroBocutlon of the wart If any one is
io fooliah as to believe that let him
mt, use his eyes and he will find ample
lemonstration of the fact that never
jefore were the trades'of extravagance
loing bo well as now, and never was
extravagance more bold and impudent
n its expression. One needs but glanco
hrough theso facts of Mr. Money
o find that the people who are
nrrying the burden and enduring
ho suffering of this ruling
lass war are the workera, the UBeful
nembers of human socioty, the same
vho carry the burden and endure the
aiseries nnd agonies of ruling class
ieace. The latter haB its sacrifices but
ittle less terrible and crushing than the [
ormer, for the corner stone of both is
iiraan Blavery. j
Peace An Illusion.
Peace for the workers is an illusion I
B long as capitalism holds sway. And {
ow, fellow slaves, if our masters force
b to fight let us fight for our own
iborty and cast from our limbs the
hains of bondngo tnat have held our
lass in subjection to rule and oxplolta-
ion since the beginning of written his-1
ory, Until that.is done there can bci
i\ peace for the toilers that is any less!
bjectionable and intolerable than ac- j
iial war.
Signs of the Times.
It is well to note that immediately j
pon tho passing of "selective con-1
iription" in the land of "Uncle Sam,"
ie Chinese authorities became so gen-
*'ous as to offer an almost unlimited ,
rpply of cheap labor to replace the(
en who will be forced into the horri-
le shambles of that militarism that is
ell calculated to put the finishing
iuch to democracy upon this western
mtinent. That the patriotic employ-
rs of the United States will most
|ankfully avail themselves of this
tlendid offer and opportunity to ham-
ring the movement of the American
orkers to better their conditions under
e glorious rulo of capital, goes with-
it Baying. No further evidence of
eir devotion to the Baered cause of de-
ocracy and liberty ia required than is
be found in the perfect unanimity of
eir zeal in cracking the labor market
bile the time is made ripe by war.
Every member of organized labor ought
to mako a note of it.
National Service In Canada.
I do not know how many places thore
are in Canada liko Cumberland, B. C.
No doubt there are some. Probably
there are many. But here we havo patriotism's most convincing object lesson
and expression. Here we have "national service' 'as she really ought to
be, in order to meet with thc hearty
approval of all lovers of the Empire.
Here iu Cumberland is to be found the
last and most convincing argument why
conscription Bhould be welcomed with
glad acclaim by every Blave that toils,
sweats and suffers under the galling
yoke of servitude for the glory of that
Empire. Whilo we are fighting for
"democracy and the liberty of small
nations," the slavos of the Canadian
Colleriea, Ltd., are not nllowed to organize for the purpose of in any manner
bettering thoir conditions, or safeguarding the future of the young slaves who
are destined by the harsh edict of fate
to take their places when they have
been cast into the scrap heap. We are
here told that we must not give in our
union cards at Cumberland, but must
send them ba*k to where they came
from, for the Canadian Collieries, Ltd.,
will not stand for that foreign organization known as the U. M. W. of A.
At any rato conscription will not seriously effect this delectablo burg, for less
than 3 per cent, of the men here engaged are British subjects. And now,
fellow workerB, you are the people who
are to choose whether you will relish
conscription or not. The Ottawa government is doing tho choosing as to
whether you are to get it or not. But
as far as thc B, C. Federation oi Labor
is concerned, it hns alwayB taken a
tititnd against it, und I believe it to be
n duty to stand by all of itfl previous
resolutions. Wo should show that what
we resolve to do, we mean to do, and let
there be no mistake about it.
Socialist Party
of Canada
Meetings every Sunday
night, 8 o'clock.
No Conscription!!
No Compromise!
Unshaken in Their Opposition to the Conversion of the Dominion into a Military Despotism—Resolved to Cling to the Principles of Democracy and Remain True
to the Best of Canadian Traditions — The Move for Conscription a
Most Sinister One Opinion of Organized Labor
[By A. S. Wells]
(Secretary-Treasurer B. C. Federation of Labor)
THB QUESTION of the day is, "Will Canada have conscription?" The press and pulpit, the politicians and other agencies of thc powers that be are loud in their demand for conscription. On the
other hand, organized labor, through the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, and provincial
Federations of Labor, Trades and Labor councils and local unions, have; in no uncertain voice, proclaimed their opposition to the proposal to conscript the man-power of the country for military or industrial purposes. ' r
The press has said that the protest of the organizes. Labor movement is the empty vaporings of a
few individuals, animated by organizations controlled in the United States, by men of enemy nationality.
"Whether this statement is true or not we care not. The faot is, that the organized labor movement is
opposed to the introduction of any military system in this country; on the lines of Germany or any
other country, whose military power rests on compulsory military service.
Meantime mention to those loudest in their demands for the conscription of man-power the
necessity of the conscription of wealth, and they immediately commence to condemn the interference of
the state with private enterprise, whatever tjiat may bo.
Canada, along with other countries engaged in the present war, entered into it without the people being consulted.
DEMOCRACY is the slogan of the Allies in the war, yet democratic methods are the last methods to
be used in the regulations of the country during the present time of war.
It is not for us to belittle the men who have volunteered to fight in the interests of the Allies.
Neither would we condemn any man who will fight for his convictions.
Our convictions are that CONSCRIPTION is a menace to the liberties of the people, and on that issue
the organized labor movement will fight to a finish.
Vilification and slander will not deter us from conducting that fight. Neither will misrepresentation. Wc are used to those methods, which are usually adopted by the powers-that-be, when their proposals are opposed.
The Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, or part of it, has evidently taken the attitude that the
West should not be represented at the coming conference, with representative labor men, which is to
take place at Ottawa, on this most important subject.
The executive of the British Columbia Federation of Labor, however, is alive to the situation, and
will follow out the mandates of the last convention, which are as follows: •
That the Federation will use all its powers to defend any member of the working olass arrested for
his opposition to registration or conscription;
That the Federation will use all its powers to oppose all efforts to introduce conscription, either military or industrial.
In order to carry out the expressed wishes of the members, as voiced through their representatives at
the eonvention held in Revelstoke, during January last, the executive will, during the coming week, issue
a manifesto and outline a policy for the trades unionists in this province to follow in their opposition
to conscription.
•happy reign of loot and plunder in tbe#fnction possible out of that fact, and
future. T"    *   "     '      ' *     	
That Is the Season for Oonscription.
Time for Cool Judgment.
Tho above statement of the case by
A. S. Wells, secretary of the B. C. Federation of Labor, is sufficiently concise
and to the point to remove all doubt as
to the stand already definitely taken
by the forces of organized labor
throughout the Dominion. The matter
of fuming military servitude upon the
people of this country is one requiring
the cool and careful judgment of those
who will be compelled to bear tho yoke
of that servitude, should such an eventuality occur. For it is a yoke and a
most damnable and galling one, as the
history of every military-cursed people
will amply testify. But the exercise
of the terror of the threatened infliction
of the curse of militarism upon a people essentially democratic through tradition and long training, is not to be
accomplished by means of hysterical
vaporings and blind and ill-directed
"kicking ngninst the pricks." This is
an occasion that calls for the exercise
of the reasoning faculties of men and
their determined* and united action
along such lines as an intelligent understanding of the problem may dictate,
Tbat which is sound and in accord with
the demands of human progress and social welfare, docs not need to resort to
hysterics, hoodlumism, impudent falsehood and vulgar brutality, that which
constitutes the sole stock-in-trade and
weapons in tho armory of tyranny, autocracy and reaction.
The Smashing of Illusions.
If this war is accomplishing nothing
else, it certainly is dispelling many of
the illusions that have heretofore led
humanity to itB undoing.   Each day's
developments of the  war  more  com*
pletcly uncovers the underlying cause
of the terrific struggle and sweeps away
the many stereotyped conclusions that
were previously  entertained   as quito
sufficient to explain the why and wherefore of such terrible and deadly phenomena.   The old idea that war was a
natural consequence of trade, and that
the present one had its origin solely in
conflicting   trnde   rivalries,   has   long
since become   so   thoroughly shot to
pieces, that it is no longer entertained
except by the most shallow and superficial thinkerH.   It iB now very widely
acknowledged that the terrible spectacle
now being staged by a veritable world
at war, iB but the inevitable and deadly
struggle between the despotism and autocracy of the older slavery  (chattel |
and  feudal)  and the democratic ten*;
dency and spirit of the later (the capi- j
tnlist form).   It is a struggle to the '
death between the political concept of
the former, which was of necessity despotic and stationary, and the political;
concept of tbe latter, which is democra- j
tic and progressive.   Tbe political de-,
velopment of France and that of Ger-
many is more than a century apart, ]
The   latter has   not yet   reached the I
period of the French revolution.    Bc-,
twecn these differing political concepts!
there must be eternal enmity and even-!
tually a clash of arms. When that clash :
came it brought all the balance of the
world into the struggle, each particu- j
lar notion lining up with the side with
which it was in tbe closest political, af- j
finity and sympathy.   Russia while ap-\
pearing to be an exception to the rule, 1
has by subsequent developments, shown
it to be in appearance only.   The oppor- j
tunity of the war enabled her people to
discard the clonk of autocratic tyranny,;
that they were intellectually equipped
to discurd long before, but hnd been i
denied the opportunity until the war,
opened the door.   It may be well to re- j
mark, thut if the present war is war I
for trade and markets, it will cost even j
the victors far more than they will be j
able to regain through the next half j
dozen centuries of peace.    They have
already caused more wreck and ruin to:
trnde than thoy will ever be able to!
recover from, for the the very simple
reason that the struggle has forced to
the front new issues and conceptions'
of property und production, that if not j
checked will undermine and completely
destroy the whole fabric of exploita-;
tion,  world trade and  proflt.    Unless
aspiring  democracy  can   somehow   be j
choked off, there is no hope left to the
autocrats und proflt lords fur a long and
The rejuvenation' of despotism and
autocracy in any country of the earth
is a victory for the Huns of mid-Europe, no matter if they are completely
trounced into submission by those gallant Allies who are battling for "democracy and liberty." The infliction
of conscription upon the people of England was a victory for the political concept of the feudal age the chief survival
of which exists in Centrul'iEuTape. The
infliction of conBcriftioi upon the now
democratic people' of this DoSlnwn,
will bo another victory for the same
baneful and reactionary political con*
cept. It will be another victory for all
of that for which the much-hated Huns
aro now so fiercely battling. The forcing of conscription upon the democratically traditioned people of the United
States, is untohcr notable victory of the
same kind. The attempt, to force the
same infamy upon thc people of Australia was fortunately defeated and a victory was thus registered for the cause
of "democracy and liberty." That
victory was due to the effects of the
common people, however, and not to
"boards of trade," "chambers of commerce," "ministerial associations"and
the further knowledge that the democracy of thiB Dominion is getting wise
to them and their purpose.
The Line of Action.
The tune has already been called by
the forces of organized labor. It is unflinching opposition to conscription,
either for military or industrial purposes. At thiB moment it looks as
though the government at Ottawa has
its ear to the ground and is not altogether sure that the rumblings heard
do not spell danger to certain calculations that have been entertained. Even
the noisy demandB of boards of trnde
and other business bodies and men, cnn
not completely drown the ominous note
of protest against aiding the "Hun"
cause, by Prussianizing Canada, that is
rising from ull parts of the Dominion.
The labor bodies are expected to hold
protest meetings nnd render ench day
more emphatic the demand that no conscription shall be arbitrarily attempted
in Canada. Let the suggestion be shoved up persistently to the Borden government, thnt if it hankers after a little
experience and prnctice in the nrt of
compulsion, it will find a fertile nnd
hitherto unfilled field in the conscription of all of tho wenlth of Canada,
either for the purpose of war or the
Sets Forth Clearly Attitude
, of Organized Labor
of Canada
e Met With Chilling
Silence by Samuel
other similar aggregations of loud- i purpose of pence. It would lie, no
mouthed and earnest-souled patriots of j doubt, interesting to see with whnt zeal
the solf-advertiaing variety, and who nnd fervency our precious "boards of
are as one in the demand thnt the | trade" and "chambers of commerce"
other fellow be conscriptod. And the would rally to the support of such n
common people of this Dominion nnd of | brave policy of conscription ns that,
all other lands; they who are demo- Ami we see no renson why they should
crats and warriors in the cause of truth ; not, for are they not among the most
and human progress; they who set their | zealous and noisy advocates of con-
faces ngninst  the surrender of hnrd- [scription nowt  And being real patriots,
  " why should they discriminate betwoen
men and wealth t
Intelligent Opposition.
Let our opposition to thiB nnd nil other schemes intended to diminish the
strength of democrncy and curtail our
liberties, be directed by reason and common sense. It is our immediate business to prevent, if possible, the infliction of this curse upon us, rather thnn
earned liberties, even in the face of
war and the pestilential hypocrisies of
reactionary nuisances and scaremongers,
are the only ones upon whom the stigma of pro-Germanism can not be made
to stick. Those influences in modern
society that are at all times busily at
work in taking advantage of the excitement and terror inspired by war, to
refasten upon all democratic people the
shackles of militarism and autocrat!*
rulo, ore entitled to tho appelatlo'n of '? ,7, e* """"' VTH.11 < ' T
pro-Qennaniam. They nro doing nil !hB" io ,n,cn8e "V,"'''**If •" f"r ™sl0r
they ean to bring the triumph of vie* 1,0. m'r.n'"d" ?»'«<"»««• 1 '», » re-
tory to that for whioh the Hum are «'"? }}m. °"ce 'J.Vnan> lo»t-. " "'.'I"
waging war. Let thoae worthy bo.wt.-ra 8.m(P ? bo ,U'8*X""*" '-•'.""!' <"Htrori]y
-   b   ■■■ .   „„. .ii'.i.    fnatencil U
The attitude taken by tho Canadian
TradeB and Labor Congreaa was well
Btated by J. C. Watters, president of
the congress, in his address to the Oenersl Committee of the Council of National Defense at -Washington, D. C, recently.   He Baid:
"Our position in Canada is that material wealth must be conscripted before man power Ib conscripted. That
we insiBt upon.. But we have had no
such co-operation from tbe imperial
government as is reported here today
by the English delegates. I have personally cabled to Premier Lloyd
George, and our Canadian premier has
cabled him at my request, asking tbat
the British munitions board in Canada
requiro some si.feguar.ls for the condition of labor, in its munition contracts.
Thus far we havo boon ignored.
"Time nfter timo tho workers of
Canada hnve been almost at the point
of causing civil war—to such on extent have our appeals been ignored by
the government.
Labor Mnst Decide Value.
"It is for you to determine tho valuo
of the guarantees of conditions which
may be made to you here. We in
Canada have had to refnso to concede
anything to the employers because the
government will givo us no guaranty
for the future. We know that we
mast flght the same set of employers
after the war .as before; we know that
they will try to get cheap men to do
their work. We know that thousands
of our mea are coming bnck, maimed
and crippled, and that tho pensions
paid are wholly inadequate. " I have
been asked whnt would be a fair rate
of pension to keep a mnn alive in
Canada, and my answer is that it
should be $100 a month.
"I beg of you, do not let hysteria of
the moment cauBe you to surrender
more thnn you can win baok. I appeal to you not to let the spirit of
patriotism lead you into hatred and
a thirst for vengeance. Soon we muat
havo peace. The workerB all look forward to peace in the world, and they
know that they must all be brothers
again, meeting around the council
board to consider how the workers
snail earn their living. It is to tho
time of pence thnt we must look."
Tke messnge of President Wntters
waa received with hearty npplnusd by
thoso present, with perhaps tho solo exception of Mr. Bnmuel Gompers, the distinguished and doughty president of the
American Federation of Lubor. Washington dispatches assort thnt Gompers
aat in chilling silence during Walters'
speech unoV while the audience was expressing its approval by npplnuse. His
previous fulsome introduction to thc
meeting of John D. Bockefeller, Jr.,
nnd onc of the likewise notorious Gug-
genheima was quite enough to cause n
chill of disgust to wrcnoh the stomach
of any man worthy of Bpeaking in the
name of labor. Perhaps it wus even
the enuBe of bis manifestly hnlf-frox.cn
attitude during Watters' timo upon
the platform. At any rnte, tho message was creditably delivered, in spite
of Snm 'a chill. W'nttera iB entitled to
oommendation for doing it in the face
of such a chilly cireumatnnce.
Local  Trades  and Labor
Council Opposed to
AU Legitimate Efforts Will
Be Put Forth to Defeat
the Scheme
for military autocracy get oil the satis*
Central  Labor  Body  Will
Define and Defend Its Attitude on Oonscription
The executivo committee
of Vancouvor Trades and
Labor council has made a/l
arrangements for a mass-
meeting in the Orpheum theatre on Sunday eveningnext,
save securing thc permission
of Mayor McBeath, a formality which must be complied with, but one which it
is expected will be granted
this afternoon. Organized
labor's protest against conscription will be the subject.
Messrs. E. T. Kingsley and
B. P. Pettipiece will be the
speakers. President MeVety
will preside. Special UBhers
will be provided and perfect
order is certain. Doors open at 7.30 p.m.
Late last night Mayor McBeath M-
fund a permit far tlto above meeting,
though ho himself addressed a cen-
scr.ptlon meeting ln tho same tlieatra
last Sunday. The executive will meot
this afternoon to decide on the ikxL
upon n people, it is not neces*
miry to advocate resistance to its subse-
quent enforcement. That would be unlawful and might bring on much discomfort and even severe pains and penalties. However, tmicli praise lius often
been given to lie who hath resisted evil,
even under the most hopeless circumstances. The gentle Nazarene gained
undying fame for being a passive resis-
ter, true to his convictions nnd his
faith, even unto the Cross* And there
is a lurking suspicion in our breast that
He will be remembered and loved, and
His name spoken with reverence for a
thousand centuries after the last vulgar autocratic slave driver and puling
parroting uud cringing slave shall have
been forgotten. Still we should hardly
be justified in advising passive resist-
a nee. We rat her prefer some ot her
kind. Let us persist in our protest.
Let us not overlook the fact thnt the
present government is even now holding
the reins of power without mandate
from the people of Canada. Let us demand, in no uncertain manner, that an
election be called and a government returned that at lenst will have a legal
right to be there. And may the orgunized labor forces of the whole country awake to the necessity of taking
political uction strictly upon working
class lines to the end that we, the common people, may place our own men in
the legislative chambers of the nation
to safeguard our "democracy and liberty' 'against the forces of evil and reaction' that never sleep, and will never
cease from troubling until completely
ahorn of governmental power and driven from the council chambers of nations.
Members of Local No. 280 Have Received Substantial Wage Increase
At Inst regular meeting the members
reported that they had received the
advance in wages and all members
working. A letter was received from
tho secretary of North-West District
council, informing us that Local 1« of
Portland had to strike a few shops
owing to their employers refusing to
grant the increase ia wages. A special
assessment of il.l eents u day was levied on the membership to help carry on
the strike in Portland. A few new
members were initiated nt our last
meeting, and in the future will have
our craft thoroughly organized. Next
regular meeting will be held in room
204 ou Thursday, Juno 14th. C.
Wns it Kelly who defined the .working plug who is without socialist knowledge as "a sheep that doesn't know
whether ho is on his way to the pasture or tho slaughter-house!"
wealth f
of  coui
tr.ily  demotiM
about    the    conscription    of
What!     Conscript   wealth!
doing.    Wealth in Canada  is
But men power is nut,  We,
Uff .Mft'tlic   rule   of
Sunday, June 8,—Steam Shovel
and Drcdgenien, Moving Picture Operators, Bartenders.
Monday,    .Tune  4.—Bridge    nnd
Structural  Iron  Workers, Boil-"
ermakers,    Tailors,    Electrical
Tuesday, June f>.—Amalgamated
Carpenters, Slice Workers, Cig-
nrmnkers, Railway Firemen,
Retail Clerks.
Wednesday, Jane 0.—Press Feeders, Plasterers, Tile Layers,
Brewery Workers, Metal Trades
Council, Warehousemen and
Thursday, June 7.—-Steam Engineers, Garment Workers,
Trades und Labor Council.
Friday, June 8,—Pile Drivers and
Wooden Biidgebuilders.
Saturday, June P.—
"Whereas the government of
Canada contemplates passing a conscription law, and
"Whereas such a law, if passed,
would not only sacrifice the work*   ,
ers   without   tlieir   consent, bat
would also annul those protective
measures which organised labor has   ■
boen able to force from the employers, and curtail to a minimum   j
the liberties whioh we are popular-   -
ly supposed to possess; therefore be
Resolved that this Trades   and -
Labor couneil declares its inten- ■
tion to resist by any means in its
power the passage of such a law; '
and be it V
"Resolved   that a mass-meeting i
of all workers   in   Vancouver be
called by tbe executive committee -
at the earliest possible- date; and '
be it further <
"Resolved that the executive of. •
the B. C. Federation of Labor be >
instructed to take an immediate re- I
ferendum, with a view to calling a t
general strike in this province, as i
soon as any conscription   law   is ,
BY a ninety per eent. majority,
the representatives of organized labor, assembled at a
special meeting of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, Wednesday night, passed the above resolution, declaring themselves as a
body unequivocally in favor of a
general strike in thc event of the
proposed conscription law being
passed, those voting, howover, in
many instances, explaining that
while they were opposed to conscription, they had not the sanction of their unions to vote for
the whole membership. Many of
these stated, however, that they
were convinced that their locals
woulfl ratify their action on it being brought before them, while
others informed the delegates
that their unions were 100 per
' cent, in favor of the resolution.
At the opening of the meeting Delegnte Thomas, Longshoremen, movod
that tho press, with the exception of
the representative of The B. C. Federationist, be excluded during the proceedings, this being seconded by Delegato Tree, Longshoremen, the mover
stating that Labor did not get a square
deal through the press, and whilo he
did not blame the reporters, but the
censors, he felt that they should bo excluded.
Delegate Tree believed tbe passing of
the resolution would be a fitting pro*
test against the slimy methods of the
press, this speaker also attaching no
blame to the gentlemen at the reporters' table.
The reporters were also supported
by Delegates Brjce and Benson, the
firBt of whom asked why it was necessary to exclude the press if Thc Fed*
erntionist stayed in, as the report would
get to the public anyhow, while Delegute Benson remarked that thc press
had in the main given very fair treatment to the Labor council, and should
not be excluded during the discussion
of such nn important question.
Delegate Midgley also upheld the
press, stilting that they had been fair
to the central lnbor body, and if they
wero to give public expression to their
views it was necessary that the reporters should bc present, whilo Delegate
Laurie decried the star chamber methods embodied in Delegnte Thomas'
motion, as did Delegate Smith, the latter remarking that Canada waB not Russia.
Delegate Kermude believed the reports of the press were garbled, Delegato Kelly bringing the mntter to a
head by reminding the members that
they had u nice fat subject before them
and they would be well advised to proceed to real business rather than waste
their time over the newspapers.
The motion was then pJt and loBt,
tho newspapermen remaining seated for
the next three hours in consequence
Tho resolution above was then put
to the meeting.
Delegate Kavanagh opened the dis-
cuss-yon with the remark tlint thore
could be no sitting on the fence in the
present issue. There was no question
of the conscription of wealth, for the
wealth had all been taken from the
workers, but they still had their manhood and liberty, and were resolved
not to be forced into the trenches or
into industries at the whim of the master class. The representatives of Labor had to declare themselves-either
ou one side or the other. Thoso who
decided for the master classes would
declare themselves the enemies of thoir
fellow-workers, and would have to remain on the side they had chosen and
bo looked upon ns enemies of their own
class to be dealt  with accordingly.
Delegate Laurie, bartenders, said
the question was a grave one, but had
to be faced. Many members of organized labor had been sent to the front.
He understood, on good authority, that
there wus a scheme for the conscription
of wealth. He desired to go on record
ob in favor of selective conscription.
There were n lot of slackers among
the labor men who were lit and ought to
go to the front,
Delegate Copping, carpenters, expressed sorrow that thc governmont) ut a
lime when it should be cementing together the people of the Dominion,
snould try to cause dissension, He had
personally tried to get overseas, and
Continued oh Page Two. PAGE TWO
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lag aaa ahrlnklng, lettering, pleot edg*
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Refined Service
One Block west ot Court House.
Uee of Modem Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Published overy Friday morning by the B, 0.
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Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymoar 7405
Subscription: $1.50 por year; in Vancouver
City, 32.00; to unions subscribing     -
in a body, $1.00.
~^~~~~       REPRESENTATIVEi      ""^*w
New Westminster W. Yatei, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria „ _...A. 8. Welle, Box 1538
"Unity of Labor:  tb* Hop* of tbo World'
we rend of the relative good for-
tuno of ho who hath bullded his
houso upon a rock, against which storm
nnd tempest expend their fury in vain,
as compnrod to that
THB LAST of he whoso houso
RESORT OF hath its foundations
A WEAKOAUSE.  in    sand    and
therefore, readily
undermined by the waters and wrecked
by the tide. Presumably the comparison is intended to be figurative and to
illustrate the stability of that which is
based upon the bedrock of truth, in
comparison to that which has its foundations in the unstable quicksands of
falsehood and error. It has been said
that "truth wears no mask; bows at
no human shrine,* seeks neither place
nor applause; she only asks a hearing."
And it has also been noted that truth
never attempts to enforce her mandate
except by and through the power of
reason and understanding, while that
which is false and wrong falls back
upon the club, the rack, and the torch
for its bulwark and ita defense. The
truth fears no adverse argument. It
fears no discussion. It does not need to
fear, because it is like unto he "whose
house is builded upon a rock.'' But false*
hood and error, on the contrary, are
thrown into a cold sweat of fear and
trembling at the very approach of discussion and enquiry. Brutal intolerance
nt once bocomes the sole weapon of defence against the advance and assault
of truth upon the battlemonts of falsehood and tyranny, and there is no imaginable depth of human depravity to
which the attorneys and disciples of
such a losing cause will not cheerfully
sink in their attempts to bolster up and
prolong its life.
The attorneys for a weak cause in
any and all courts, inevitably resort to
perjury, falsehood, deceit, framed-up
evidence and every imaginable villiany
in order to win tho case for their client.
This has become bo common that it is
generally acknowledged to be strictly
in accord with the prevailing legal code
of ethiCB. There Ib no other way to
bolster up a case that is based upon
falsehood, error and moral turpitude, except by resorting to the utilization of
those basic principles for means of so
doing. Such a cause cannot be won by
the weapons of truth and human reason.
The "frame-up" against Billings,
Mooney, et al., at San Francisco, is
neither an accident nor yet a "flash in
the pan." It is merely a resort to the
only weapons known to human ignorance and rapacious brutality, for the
purpose of killing the truth and pro*
longing the reign of political and industrial tyranny over' the slaves of the
earth, whom the truth alone can set
free. Tbe ruling olasB of this, and all
other landa can not continue its rule
for an hour, without depending not only
upon falsehood and deceit, but upon the
exercise of that coarse brutality and
conscienceless ruffianism, that is made
possiblo only through the ignorance and
ox-like stupidity of slaves that are so
to the "manner born" that they automatically obey their master's wishes,
no matter how low, mean and vile the
job may be.
*      *      *
There is a most pronounced difference
of opinion manifest among the people
of this part of the earth just now over
the   matter   of   military   conscription.
Some are in favor of it and others are
not.   It would seem at first glance os
though the respective merit or demerit
of the proposition might be left to the
tender mercies of the reasoning faculties of men.   But it appears that such
is not to be the case.   The powers that
be (the ruling class) have decided that
conscription shall be inflicted upon the
people, no matter whether they like it
or not.    Buch being the caBe, no adverse discussion or action is' to be tolerated,   The forces that are insisting upon
the necessity   of   conscription, arc so
Bure of the weakness of their case, that
they are taking time by the forelock
in resorting to the use of the stock wea-
Juno 1, 1917 j pons of all weak causes and schemes of
doubtful merit.   In other words, resort
is being made to the methods that are
always used to further schemes or measures  that are bo inherently vile and
fraudulent that they can not stand the
searchlight of enquiry and the scolpel
of investigation.    One falsehood after
another is peddled to the susceptible
multitude   in   ordor   to   convince   the
doubting of the Impelling virtuo of the
contemplated scheme of onforced patriotism.   Every one who dares to have
doubts as to the merit of the scheme,
and is perchance opposed to its adoption, is at onco listed as a "slacker," a
"traitor to his country," and is indeed
lucky to escape being held up to public
opprobrium as a "pro-German."   The
latter ia, of courso, the limit beyond
which high-class invective has as yet
been unable to go. All of this invective
hurled at opponents-of the move upon
the part of our precious rulers to put
the immortal cinch of Prussian militarism upon us, under the pretense happily
afforded by the present war, might be
considered  quite   startling   and   even
threatening if it were not such a palpable confession of the weakness of the
case of conscription itself.    If there
were any logical reasons for adopting
conscription, they could be set forth in
quite  understandable  and  convincing
It would not be necessary to
resort to vulgar falsehood and coarse
brutality to win support to the conscription cause, if it were really an honest
and worthy one.   That is so palpably
plain that it might be termed axiomatic,
*      *      *
As a sample of the very convincing
argument advanced by tho most brilliant among the attorneys retained by the
interests  demanding that  conscription
bo foisted upon the aspiring democracy
of the land, we take extreme pleaaure
in clipping the following from that veritable tribune of truth, the Vancouver
World, of May 29.   It appeared in the
editorial columns under caption, "Give
Them What They Desire."
The socialists, pacifists, ahirkers and
others in this city who denounced conscription last night, who insulted women who have given their sons to die on
the battlefield, and who jeered at returned soldiers when they spoke of the
bestialitiea of tbe Hun, gave it as their
opinion that they-preferred German rule
to British rule.
Why not take these people at their
word! German rule provides for the
conscription of every socialist, pacifist
and shirker. German rule refusea the
German people the right to utter a word
of criticism in public meetings aa to the
desirability of serving or of refraining
from serving in thc ranks. German rule
Bends critics of the government to jail
or to the front-line trenches. German
rule lines up before a firing-party the
man who talks treason in war-time.
On their own showing our local socialists, pacifists and shirkers prefer
this kind of rule to any other. It would
be a pity then to deprive them of what
thoy desire. They propose to hold a
meeting tonight and threaten disorder
if they are prevented. In Germany they
would be prevonted.
It ia bo easy to sit safely ensconced
within  the   sanctum   sanctorum   of  a
cheap   and   nasty   publication,
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up t 12,011,000
Besorvo Funds     14,324,000
Total AsboU   287,000,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of whicli 102
ar* west of Winnipeg.
Open an account and make deposits regularly—say, every payday,
terest credited half-yearly.   No delay ln withdrawal.
nasty publication, either
dally or of less frequent malignancy,
and hurl cheap and nasty invective at
those whose arguments we can not off-
Laet in any more convincing and intelligent way, that it is a wonder that more
of us do not become editors and make
an easy and commendable living in that
manner. The ability to put up that
sort of argument is all that is required
to equip the mental prostitute for ser*
vice in the literary sewer of the master
class. But to the man possessed of even
indifferent intelligence it muat be pat*
ent that there ia no great weight in
that sort of argument, except it be considered as an open confession that the
case at bar Is wenk and, therefore, has
nothing better to offer. Those whose
chief mission in life is to offer insult to
othera are often found to bo among thc
very noisiest in denouncing insjlts upon
the part of others. BomctimcB it renlly
seems, thnt "they do protest too
much." Ono is upt to hecome suspicious lest their protestations nre but a
mask for ulterior motives of their own.
Wc heard of no insult being offered to
any woman at the meeting referred to,
but we have heard of a most flagrant in
O. S HARRISON, Manager,
Granville and Pender
Don't stow away your spare
caah in any old corner where It Ir
in danger from burglars or lire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
hanking service, whether your ac*
count is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
0. N. 8TA0ET, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
The more we see of editorial wisdom
the more respect we have for downright
ignorance, provided it has at least sense
enough to recognize itself and keep
covered up, out of reverence to the ac'
cepted rules of common decency.   Some
things are quite commendable, theugh
perhaps prompted moro by a sense of
shame than of lofty morality.    Many
people, no doubt, wear clothes more for
the reason that they do not lpok well
without them than because they are
slaves to lofty concepts of morality and
decency.   The World editorial genius,
however, is the limit in going naked
without knowing anything about it.   It
opines that these "socialists, pacifists,
shirkers," etc., prefer "German to British rule," so he says, "give them what
they desire."   "Why not take them
at their word,'' ho asks.   He then seta
forth the many things that German rule
generously provides, such as (' conscription, '' the refusal to allow the German
people "to utter a word of criticism in
public meetings aa to the desirability
of serving or refraining from serving in
the ranks.11   Critics of the government
"sent to jail or to the trenches."   Tho
"lining up" beforo a firing line of
thoae who talk ''treason in war time,"
etc., ad libitum, au pukoni.  Treason, of
course, Ib any objecting to conscription.
The World man evidently does not seo
that   what  the  "socialists,   slackers,
shirkers," etc., arc protesting against
is the introduction into Canada of the
same brutalities and atrocities that are,
as he says, the established order in
Germany.      It   is   not    the    aforesaid "slackers,1/ etc., who are the pro-
Germans.  It is the worthy zealots who
are so earnestly booating for the introduction into Canada of the same brutal
and tyrannical militarism that has for
so long been the curse of the common
people of Germany, that are the real
pro-Germans, and their impudent pointing of the finger of scorn at others and
their blatant aceuaationa of "treason,"
"pro-German," "slacker," "shirker,"
etc., is only equivalent to that old cry
of  "atop  thief."    Whoever  accuses
these protestants against conscription
of preferring "German to British rule,"
simply lies, that's all.   They merely resort to the only argument known to
human guile that can be offered to uphold a weak cause.   There are many
who know British rule to be bad enough
to satisfy all reasonable requirements,
but there is probably no one who haB
any desire to have any other substituted for it, even if it be no worse.   The
only thing that anybody is protesting
against, aB far as we have been able to
learn, iB tho adding of any further infamies to British rule, no matter whether those are German infamies or of any
other extraction.   We just don't want
them, and that is all there is to it.  We
have all the rule we can stand now,
without being   completely   Prussianized.  And we don't havo to He about it,
either.'    The  cause of  democracy  ia
strong because its weapon is the truth.
It appeals only to the reason of man.
The cause of Prussian conscription is
weak, because its sole weapon is falsehood.   It can not stand criticism.    It
fears the light.   It appeals only to the
basest passions of the irresponsible and
unthinking mob, that can be swayed by
the volubility of falsehood, and to the
cupidity of rulers and ruling classes
who hold their right to rule and rob,
by virtue of tho brute force of military
power alone.
Continued from Page One.
had been turned down by the medical
board, although his own doctor informed him he was in perfect health. If
matters were proporely carried through,
he believed there would be no need for
conscription, to which he was opposed.
Delegate Bruce, retail clerks, came
out flatfooted in opposition to the resolution and pooh-poohed the idea of
an attack on personal liberty, asking
the members where the personal liborty of the closed shop. was. When a
dam burst five miles away from a home
should tho man stay at home and wait
till the water got to him, or rather
was not his place at the hole to stop
the flow and save his home, he asked
the audience. Three million tradea
unionists in Groat Britain had accepted
national service and had strengthened
themselves thereby.
Delegate Macdonald, carpenters,
said he could not voto for hiB union,
but bolieved they would ratify his action. Thoy were brave men who would
aot voto against conscription. He believed a referendum of the workers
should ho taken on bo grave a question,
nnd advised tho laying of the motion on
the table pending auch action.
Delegate Benson, typos., favored tho
delegates receiving instructions from
their unions, although he said ho was
in favor, of thc resolution, aa he believed that selective conscription was Bim-
ply separating tho sheep from thc goats
und tho workers would be the goata.
Delegate Knowles, letter Carriers, did
not see the need of getting instruc-,
tions. The Trades and Labor Congress
of    Canada    hnd opposed conscription
ult being offered to thousands" of sol-!^r *£• Pnat three years, and he felt
•iiit .. •  *     .'that tho council could not mako a mis-
d.ors' wives by certain governments trt tako ,n (llking tho Bnmo BtftI)d;
the earth in the taking of their hus-1    Delegato Leer, bartonders, who said
bands  for  war  purposes  and   lenving'he wbb one of the famous 28 who op-
theoe wives so ill nrovided for that thev' P080(* conscription at tho convention of,  .- , ,,   ,  ----- -—. --r- --«—», .*
these ^ivoBo Hi provided tor tnat tney                     f                                two ^ahe laid down and took conscription,
wore compelled to accept the tender and] V6nM nmv hnIi„„n^ atti%a- a„JH„UnA I would hn nlnni™ tfc« «nma w.1p* .,—
the proposal to declare a general strike,
past experience showing him that such
was not a good step.
Delegate Kelly, longshoremen, felt
that the presence of the officers of the
council at the recent meetings would
have been beneficial to them. The
time, he said, had come when organized
and unorganized labor had to fall in
line to make an effective stand against
Delegate Tree said the present war
was not one for liberty any more than
other wars had beon, but the methods
of getting the men were not quite so
crude. In the old days the pressgang
was employed (not the gang at the
reporters' table, he explained). The
workera were going to fight for their
little liberties right in Vancouver, and
were going to "buck" the measure to
a finish. The thing might be accomplished peaceably; if not there was going to be all kinds of trouble.
Delegate McFarlane, civic employeea,
remembered the 43-a-day agitation, and
said if the government would pay the
fighters wages high enough, they would
get even Mayor McBeath. He advocated a genoral striko.
Delegate Edmonds, carpenters, feared the yellow worker would replace
the white men taken away by conscription, and that if the masters Bat on
the selection tribunal, thoso employeea
who had been instrumental in obtaining
improved conditions for their fellows
would be singled out and condemned to
the firing line. Labor in England, said
the delegate, had regretted its attitude
towards national service.
Delogate Walker informed the couneil that Ms union, the engineers, was
100 per oent. strong against conscription, and said that while returned sol'
diers were looking for work in the city,
Orientals were holding down the joba,
Hindus being employed as engineers.
Delegate O 'Neill of the same organization, followed with the remark that
Kaiserism was ten times worse in England at present than in Germany. They
eould not conscript in Ireland, and
surely they could not do it In Canada.
Delegate Hoover, street railwaymen,
said Labpr should not hesitate to come
straight to the point on the issue and
declare itself as opposed to conscription. There was no inducement to men
to enlist as long as the public were at
the mercy of food speculators and stock
gamblers, while there was no aasuranco
that dependents and returned aoldiers
would be looked after, save with a
small pension. The government's attempt to force conscription on the people waa absolutely undemocratic, and
he believed that the strongest opposition should be brought to bear upon
the government to cause them to withhold the bill.
Delegate Hubble, street railwaymen,
asked why wars were necessary, and
then explained that so long aB the tools
of production were owned by a claBB
which did not operate them, so long
would they control the products therefrom, and the disposition of thoae pro-
ducts would inevitably lead to warfare.
The ignorance of tbe working class he
designated as the cauae of the present
Delegate Kermode, street railway-
men, could not Bee how labor could
favor a scheme which was meant to
corrall the workers who lived by toil,
the underlying intention of which
scheme was industrial conscription.
Delegate Corey, boot and shoe workers, opposed the measure because the
clergy would not be conscripted.
President McVety took the floor and
aaid he still believed the registration
Bcheme of laat year was the prelude
to conscription. He had not favored
that, and atill had hia card. Half a
million dollars had been wasted by the
government in that scheme through
Labor not registering and the government had failed to secure the information it deaited. Munition workers who
had gone to England were in a worse
position than the aoldiers from a pecuniary standpoint, and .organized labor
had already paid more than its price
and borne more than its share of the
burden of the war. He aaw no reason
why labor should support the project,
Sut forward by a government legally
ead, but which he believed was to receive an extension of life in return
for putting through the present proposal. He based his belief on the fact
that Mr. Doherty had recently said the
voluntary system would continue, yet
immediately after Premier Borden returned from a conference in England,
conscription had been mooted. The
question of conscription of wealth could
not be properly associated with that of
conscription of men. If the question
was submitted to a referendum of the
public and accepted, little could be said.
He professed great respect for the men
who expressed contrary opinions, as it
needed courage to do so, but he had
always been opposed to oonscription and
would oppose it now. He believed, however, that little could be hoped for
from a referendum on a general strike.
As to consulting membership of unions,
tbere had been a year anu a hnlf in
which that should have been done.
Delegate Miss Gutteridge, tailors,
felt that possibly she would be thought
harsh and unwomanly when she declared herself as opposed to conscription,
but she did not believe an argument in
favor of it eould be found. Many men
had gone to the front voluntarily and
many had been forced there by economlo conditions. Organized labor could
never be forgiven if it allowed itB previous stand to bo shaken by sentimentality. It was a caso of all the workers
of the world against the capital of the
world, and the resolution ahould have
good representative backing in ordor to
carry the required weight with the gov
Delegates Eastman and Macdonald,
of the pile drivers and carpenters respectively, said their uniona were un-
unimo.isly opposed to conscription, aftor which a roll call vote was taken,
the result being 45 in favor of the resolution, 3 against and 2 neutral.
At the conclusion of the meeting the
floor was given to members of the
Anti-eonscription League, Messrs. Hardy, Simonds and Dr. Currie speaking
briefly. Dr. Currie aaid Russia was casting off the yoke and that Canada, if
...June 1, 1017
. yours ago, boiioved either everybody or \ Jvould be Pacing the same yoke upon
insulting morciea of charity in order to ■ nobody should bc conscripted.       *        her. mv"   ncflk-    Mr'  lefeaux,  repres-
* '    We never yet understood it to be     Delegate Mldgley,   civic employees, tenting the Socialist Party of Canada,
said ho would vote in favor of the reaol- nBSHred **« delegates that the party
..»(„..  —j n li- •-- -  ■>'■>     ■ ••«    ■■   was with them in any action thoy do'
a deliberate insult to disagree oven with
n soldier's wife ovor tho matter of conscription or nny other war measure.   Tho
applying of the epithet of "slacker,
"shirker" and "pacifist,
do not "see eye to eye
utlon, and if hiB local did not like it
thoy could withdraw him as their delegate. The unorganized methods of thoBe
in charge of tho anti-conscription move-
to thoae who I mont were responsible for him not tak-
with our own !'ns nny Pnrt *n the proceedings.   Unor-
*   j i     ii _» ^1. ,   v     ,        .        .ganized  men  would shout,  but  when
feudal relic, nnd thoir boosters, is an ?,,„,. „.nro ncGdcd „ wa„ jjjf,,,™»
attempt at insalt, but It falls far abort them.   If tho prosont war waa one for! 0. Thom, ii. Copping, J, Campbell
of tho mark for the vory simple reason liberty ond domocracy, then tho fact |    Amalgamated Carpenters — R  Mo*
Hint falsehood cnn not Insult tho truth, ,h"t V";, government Intended to put j Cortnnck, R. W. Jackson, R. Edmonds.
n„r cnn  ignorance  insult intelligence Sfffi^ * *«#* 0.
1 ruth nnd intelligence nre crouturos of ject.   Tho government, he said, should      "   '
tho sunlight, Ignorance and fn.Bohood of take  possession  of all tho wealth  of
tlio dungeon and the sewer.    Fancy » .7 C0ll,lt7 »«d use it beforo taking
tlie men, if democracy waB at stake,
sired to take, as the' time for words
waa past.
Boll Call Tote,
Bartenders—J. A. Smith.
Cigarmakers—H. G. Kurbitz,
Carpentors—A. MoDonald,   P. Lyon,
Hawthorn, J. BrookeB, A. B. Towler.
Painters—D. Lemon.
Pile Drivers—W. Eastman.
Betail ClerkB—A. P. Glen.
Street Bailwaymen—R. G. Davles, A.
Mclnnis, A, Kermode, B. Bigby, W.
Hubble, F. A. Hoover.
Boot and Shoe Workera—T. Corey.
Sailors' Union—W. Burns,
Sugar Workers—S. H. Bellamy.
Tailors—H. Guteridge, A. B. Gaten-
by, O. S. Gren.
Typos.—C. Leer.
Bartenders—W. Lawrie.
Retail Clerks—C. D. Bruce.
Shipwrights—H. A. McDonald.
Letter Carriers—J. Dodff.
Typoa.—H. C. Benson.
To Consider Beport of Special Oommlttee Negotiating for War Bonus.
The members of the local Street Railway Employees' union, numbering
around 800, will hold another mass meeting on Saturday midnight, at the Imperial theatre, Main street. It will be
for the purpose of hearing the report
of the special coast tri-city committeo
having in charge the request for a " war
bonus," to meet the increased prices of
foodBtuffa. Tho committee will be in
session with the B. C. E. B. management thia morning and should have
some definite proposal to placo beforo
the membership by tomorrow evening.
At Winnipeg 900 employees of the
Winnipeg Street Railway, at a meeting
Wednesday, decided to accept the award
of the board of arbitrators which dealt
with demands of the union for increased pay and better working conditions.
The company still haa to accept or
refuse the award. The employees have
been receiving from 25 to 34 cents
per hour, the maximum being reached
in the fourth year. Tbey demanded a
scale of 28 to 37 eents per hour, reaching the maximum in the third year.
The award gives them 28 to 36 cents
with the maximum in the fourth year
as well as certain improvements in
working conditions.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters Show
Marked Increase of Membership
During the month initiation of new
members have been almost the regular
order of businoss Local No. 617 made
a gain of 66 new membera, 5 on clearance; No. 1803, Shipwrights, Caulkers,
Ship-joiners and Boat-builders, 20 new
membera, 1 on clearance; Local No.
1777, 10 new members. All members
are working. There ia atill. a number
who have signified their intention of
becoming members at an early date.
Everything points to a condition which
is highly desirable in tho carpenters'
business, when the carpenter not carrying a Brotherhood card will be just as
great a rarity aa the Great Auk.
Local No. 617 has Business Agent
W. Thomas in the field for two weeks.
He is doing good work.
Organizer Robinson haa returned
from Victoria and reports everything in
good shape; adding to the membership
The Shipwrights are sending Bro. J.
O'Brien to the Portland convention.
The local officers are looking forward to a visit from General Presidont
Hutchison, who will bo on the coast, in
attendance at the Portland convention.
A reception committee of all tho local
unions will meet Friday night and out
line something worth while.
Locnl 1803, Shipwrights' and Caulkers' have been feeling like celebrating
their success in the recent strike and
will no doubt be a strong factor in
the reception.
General Organizer Watchman reports
that the Coughlan & Sons' strike situation looka good and feels confident
that success will crown the effort that
is now being put forth.
The Local holds regular meeting in
the Labor Temple, and an invitation
is extended to the lonesome carpenter
to attend. No. 617, second nnd fourth
Mondays; No. 1803, Shipwrights' and
Caulkers', first and third Thursdays;
No. 1777, first and third Mondays,
North Vancouvor.
3NS   !
fint and third Thursdays. Exeoatiw
board; Jamea H. .McVety, pnaldent; Fred A,
Hoover, fics'pmident; Victor B. Mldgley,
general iecretary, 210 Labor Temple; read
Knowles. treaaurer; W. H. Cotterill, ataUatl-
ciao; sergeant-at-arms, Oeorge Harriion: A
J. Crawford, Jaa. Campbell, V. Haigh, troa*
lleeta  aeoond Monday   lo  tha  month.
President, J.  UoKlonoa;  aeoretary,  ~
Neelanda, P. 0. Boa 68,
BARTENDERS'    LOCAL   No.   876.—Offloa,
Boom 308 Labor Temple.    Meets flnt
Sunday  of eaeh month,    rreaidar*    *
Campbell: financial secretary, J. Si
Holden Bldg.;  Box 424;  pmme  Ht
President,  Jamaa
ry, J. Smith, 610
_-__., .„, pmme Sey. 2672;
recording  secretary,   Wm. Mottisbaw,   Globe
Hotel, Mala street.	
ai Union of America, Looal No. 130—
Meeta 2nd and dth Tusdays ln the month,
Boom 206 Labor Temple. Preaident, L, _,
Herrltt; socretary, S. H. Grant, 1671 Alberni
Meet Snd and 4th Wedneadaya, 8 pja., (1
Room 807.   Preaident, Chu. F. Smith; cor*  _
responding seeretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 68;
flnanolal secretary, W. J. Pipes.	
U. B. W. ef A.—Meets fint and third
Wednesday of each month, Boom 802, Labor (
Temple, 8 p.m. Preaident, A. Sykes; secretary. Frank Graham, 2260 Twelfth arenu
and Iron Ship Bailden and Helpen of '
America,  Vaaooaver Lodge No. 184—Meeta
flnt and third Mondaya. 8 pjn.   President, .
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue weat;
socretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street.
620. Meets erery Thursday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
■      ident,   William  Walker;   vice-
Temple.    President, .    ,   ,.„.-
Phone Sey.TaVel	
Paelfle—Meete at 487 Gore avenne every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.   Russell Kearley, bnaineee
agent. .	
—Meeu In Room 206, Labor Temple, 1
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W. Me- J
Dougall, 1162 Powell atreet: recording seen* I
tary, John Murdock. Labor Temple; flnanclal ]
aeerctai? »«** *•■■«—  -  " "-'       i
Boom 81
forflggjr* **''■»■»'
soelation, Local 88-62—Offlee and hall*, I
804 Pender street east.   Meets every Thus* '
day 8 p.m.   Secretary-treasurer, F. Chaj
business agent, J. Mahone.
and foarth Thursdaya at 8 p.m.    Preal- ,.
dent,   Wm.  Small;  neordlng  seeretary.  J.
Brooks; flnanclal secretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour T496.
to   "
M.  P.  M.
tors' Union, Looal 846, I. A. T, S. E. *
n   "   0.—Meets flnt Bandar of •*
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President.
J. B. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
flnanolal and oomspondlng secretary, 0. A.
Hansen. P- O   »*» «■
Hansen, P. Q. Box 846.
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meeta second and fourth Mondays,
Boom 206, Labor Temple. Preaident, Bar
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue weat; financial secretary, J. Campbell, 4860 Argyle 1
street; recording aeeretary, E. Westmoreland.
imi fr-- street.   Phone Bayvlew WML.      !
street: r<
1612 tn
138—Meets second an fourth Thunders I
eaoh month, room 808. Labor Temple. |
President, John McNeil; financial secretary, .
Geo. H. Weston; reeordlng secretary, Jaa. |
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple.
Poultry Wanted
Phon.  Seymonr 1097
  910 OiutUI* Bt.
Gome and have a good time, perhaps
take home a side of bacon.
Haatinga Street, near Abbott
Dnequ.Il.d Tudmll. Mno,
«:«. 7:«0, »:l«     Seuon'e Pricei:
HMttcB), l»c; EtocIih, ij0i ttt
Colonial   Theatre
Programme changed evory Monday and Thursday.
Moat up-to-date photo- play
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln the home of every
Pair. 2621
jeworrattaHlngaMAK. Or a man ft ^^eTZMeXr!.on-
ti'i'lmy inmiltt'd by a Bower rnt calling norlptlon, l>at indwttrinl conscription,
him immofl becauso he would not think which would bc placed upon tho work-
and ronsun frum the sewer rut lovul.    , ers Inter.   He was not In accord with
Cooke and Waitors—A,  Graham.
Engineers—J. P. O'Neill, W. Walker,
J. R. Flynn.
Ironworkers—B. Mnsnecnr.
Letter Carriers—F. Knowles.
Longshoremen—S. Enrp, G. ThomnB,
G. J, Kolly, A. Tree, B. Hughes.
Machinists—J. H. McVoty,    W,   N
ployees,   Pioneer   Division,   Mo.   101— I
Meets Labor Temple, seeond and foarth Wednesdays  at 8 p.m.    President, J.  Babble:
vice-president, E. S, Cleveland: recording aee, i
tary. A. V. Lofting.   2601   Trinity   street.
ihone Highland HI8R; flnanolal aeoretary and ]
mslnoss agent, Fred A. Hoover, 3400 Clark J
drive, olllce oorner Prior and Main streeta.
America,   Looal  No.   178—Meetings   held 1
flrnt Monday In eaeh month,  8 p.m.    Preal- J
dent, J. T, Ellsworth i  vice-president, Misa |
H. Gutteridge; rocordlng aeeretary,  W.  W,
Hocken,   Box 608;   flnanolal  aeoretary,  T.
Wood. P. 0. Box 608.
last Sanday of eaeh month at 2 p.m.
President,   H.   0.'   Benson;     vlce-prealdent, !
W.  R.  Trotter;   secretary-treaaurer.   "   ~
Neelands, P. 0. Box 00.
annual convention in January.    Executive ■
offlcera, 1917-18: Preaident, J. Naylor, Box ,
416,   Cumberland;   vice-presidents—Vancou-
MeVety, V. B. Midgley, Ubor ,
>ria: J. Taylor, Box 1815. Vu*
 i W. Head, South Wellington. 1
Prince Rupert: W. E. Thr    " - "*
ver: Ju. H.	
Temple.   Viotorla:
couver Island: ~ ,.™ ,
Prinoe Rupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 094, i
New Westminster: W. Yatea, 906 London
street, Kootenay District: A. Goodwin, Box J
20. Trail. Crows Nest Valley: W. B. Phil-
lipa, 170 McPherson avenne. Secretary
treasurer; A, 8, Wella, Box 1688, Victoria,
B. O.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOB COUNOIL—MeeU flrat and third Wednesday..
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 11
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1878 Den-
man stroet; aeoretary. B. Simmons, Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0.
Victoria, B. 0. P. 0. address Box 92. Looal
union meets flrst and third Sanday, 10 a.m.
Plaoe of meeting, Labor Hall. DeCosmoa blk.
President J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; seeretary, J. M. Amer, 1045 MeOlaro atreet; business agent, 8. Galium, phono 1101R.
ol America, looal 784, New Westminster.
Moota aeooad Sunday of eaeh month at 1*80 ]
p.m.   BeoroUry. F> w. Jameson, Box 490.
Counoll—Meats seeond and fourth Toea-
daya of each month, In Carpenters' hall. President, 8. D. Maedonald; aeeretary, J. J.
Anderson, Box 278, Prinoe Rnpert, B. 0.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OF A.—
MaeU 'seeond and foarth Bandar of eaoh
month, at 8.80 p.m.. Richards Hall. Preaident. Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven;
recording secretary, Ju. Bateman; flnanolal
secretary, 8. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Rlehardion.
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancouver
We Want Ton to Do Tout
Furniture Business With Oa
Oar .took of Furniture le tbe WM
in the pro.lnce. Whenever feu went
enrthln, in our line, onl) lo end look
It o.er.
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
il Hastings Street West
How Much Alive
Are You?
One often henrs the expression,
"walking around to save funeral
expenses," and while It is in*
tended as a joko, it is a half
truth. You commence to die when
you commence to loose vitality.
More vital forco Is lost through
defective eyes than In any other
way. Allow our specialist to cor-
rect your oye defects by means of
lenses glasses, and commence to
8th Floor Birks Building
Seymonr 4665 EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 22
ort—ux. mis*
A pleasant eurprlBe awaits you
if you go to the
for your meals.   A joy to
Tht Pick of the Market.
Charges Moderate
Opposite ttu Orpheum Theatre
(la Vaaceura \
out. 12.00 ,)
Oet busy and bare yonr old bicycle
made like new. We will enamel and
make your wheel look Ilka new from
96,00 up.   All kinds of repairs at
816*018 Howa Hastings 418
Labor Temple Preaa    Bey. 4490
Ten "Fed." tub. cards, (10.
If you realize what this label has done for you, Mr.
Union Man, make it your duty to patronize A
Make it a special point to inspect thc
high-class quality of our goods and particularly the modoratc prices. When you
havo mad'c your inspection, we believe you
will have full confidence in our ability to
serve you to your satisfaction.
* Wc stake our reputation (and wc have
one to be proud of) on the quality and
perfect fitting of ALL SUITS.
Wc believe that wc make the best quality Suit for either men or women at a
price that can not be equalled in Van-
^^^^^^^^^    couver.
Our Suits arc made on the premises, by only expert UNION
TAILORS, who are masters of their craft. Will you come and
determine for yourself whether our claims are justified?
ladies' Suite from
$32 to $45
Men's Suite from
$27.30 to $42
Established 1910 as Union Shop and bas always remained so.
VIOTOBIA, B. C: 618 View Street. Phone, 1269.  Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. C.t Greenhouses and Nursery on O. P. B.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubi, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and funeral Emblems
Main Store and Registered Offlee: VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
48 Haatinga Street Bast.  Phones, Seymonr 988-678.
Branoh Store, Vancouver—728 OranviUe Street.   Phone Seymour 9613
Friction Between Masters
and Men Temporarily
The Sign
Lard        Butter
Ham        Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
If it la not call op the
or drop a card to our offloe, 905 Twenty-fourth Arenas But.
Under New Agreement Miners Obtain Much-needed Concession
ROSSLAND, B. 0., May 28.—
A settlement of the dispute
between the miners' unions
of the southern interior and the
Consolidated has been reached,
and below will be found copies of
the agreements entered into. The
settlement was arrived at by committees from local unions, after
several conferences between the
company and District Board, also
International Board members, the
company taking the stand that
onc committee could not handle
all their properties, as conditions
were entirely different in each
camp. One memher, however, of
the District Board was on each
local committee and each settlement was subject to approval of
the District Board.
Baal Season Now Apparent.
It will be observed that Mr. Warren,
managing director, denied he closed hia
mines down owing to a demand for increased wages, and stated it was due to
shortage of coke. But he has now resumed work in one mino .under the same
conditions as prevailed when he closed
down, still a shortage of coke. The less
said about it the better.
A Substantial Wage Increase.
The result is that almost 3000 men
employed by the Consolidated company
have received 40 cents per day increase
in wages.
In the case of Trail smelter, Kimberley, Ainsworth and Emma mines, the
25-cent increase to continue until tho
end of the war and the 15 cents guarantee for four months, but will oontinue
if lead is Btill over price stated in
In Kossland the settlement is slightly
different, based on an old agreement
they receive 25 cents war bonus until
the end of tho war, and the 15 cents
good for a period of two years.
The settlements make wages throughout the Consolidated camps $4.40 per
day for miners, and $3.90 for muckers.
The Consolidated, so far, has only
opened up one mine in Rossland, and
has about 70 men employed. Would advise workers to keep away until operations are resumed at the other mines of
tho company in Rossland, aB lots of idle
men are walking around.
Company's Proposal.
Troll, B. O., May 10th, 1017.
G. O. Marshall, Esq.,
Secretary, Rossland Minora' Union,
Eossland, B. 0.
Dear Sir:
Aa promised, I write to confirm the arrangement we arrived at last evening In Rossland
In conference with the committee of the men.
We explained to you that the reaion Ute
Rossland mines were closed was because of
the failure of the supply of coke, and that
inasmuch as the Grows' Neat minera voted
on Saturday last against confirming the
agreement under which they were to return
to work and resume production of coke,
there was really no Justification for oar
opening the mines. However, upon the strong
representations of the oommlttee that If at
all possible we should provido work for as
many aa possible of the men who are still
remaining ln Rossland, we agreed to resnme
development on a limited .scale for at least
a montb, In the hope that by that time the
coke situation would havo become straightened out again, and we will do this Just aa
soon as tbe repairs to the Centre Star shaft
ara completed,
Wo discussed the matter of conceding the
voluntary check-off and making a farther
allowance to the men ovor and above the
War bonus made effective the flrat of April
on account of the high coit of necessaries
of life.
We stated that we could not concede the
As to making a further allowance on account of the high cost of living, we aald
we could not see our way to doing this in
addition to taking care of the deferred obligations os to maintaining minimum wage
scales under the terms of the agreement of
July last, we pointed out that thla War
bonus allowance of twenty-five cents per man
Ser day was tbe amount Mr, Harrison, Fair
fage Commissioner of the Department of
Labor, found, last February, to he sufficient
to cover the increased cost of living for a
family of five.
However, we considered the matter of the
obligation to maintain, the minimum wage
acales under the Agreement of last July,
and agreed to begin paying under the obligation at the rate ot fifteen cents per man
per day from the time that an adequate supply of coke was available, and the Rossland
Mines were shipping a minimum of 4,600
tons per week.
In detail, wo agreed, as fall, compliance
with the terms of the July agreement, to
Say, for tbe number of months from the 1st
anuary, 1916, to the 1st May. 1017, that
the prico of copper averaged in excess of
twenty-six cents per pound, fifteen cents per
man per day until the 31st December, 1918—
when' the present 'Agreement 'expires and
thereafter at the same rate per man per
day, until theBe payments at the rate of
fifteen cents per man per day amount to a
sum equal to twenty-five cents per man per
day for the number of months between the
1st January, 1916, and 1st May, 1917, that
tbe price of copper has averaged over twenty-
six cents per pound.
It Is understood that until an adequate
supply of coko Is assurod, and the Rossland
mines are shipping, on a basis of 4,600 tons
per week, the wage scale shall be that prevailing during the month of March, 1917,
plua the War bonus effective from 1st April,
There must not bo any misunderstanding,
however, as to how long we will continue
development work If the coke situation does
not clear op.   Yon know that for December,
1916, and  January,   February  and   March,
1917, we maintained advance development
work for the purpose of keeping tho men
at work, and in the hope that a satisfactory
solution of the coke supply would be found.
Ton all know that doing development work
In thla limited way coata us considerable
more than if done in the ordinary course of
the normal operation of the mines.
I understand* that you aro submitting this
letter to the men tonight. I shall be glad to
to have a letter from yoa In duo course saying that tbey are satisfied with the arrangement we came to last night.
Yours truly,
Managing Director.
Committee's Beport.
I. U. of M. M. k S. W.
Rossland, B. C., May 10th, 1917.
To the Officers and Members
Rossland Miners' Union No. 88.
We, your committee, delegated by you to
negotiate a further Increase in wages to compensate us for the increase in price of necessaries, beg leave to report as follows:
Owing to the unsettled state of tbo Coal
Mining industry, which condition has cut off
the supply of coke for the smelting of the
Rossland ores, it wbb found that any further
work carried on by the Consolidated Mining
and Smelting Co. at thla time must be development work. Your committee suggested to
the officials of the Company that, in our opinion, if at all possible, such work should ho
undertaken, that the men who had already
boen Ave weeks out of employment could
again resume work, if only for a month or
so. This the officials of tho oompany agreed
to do, the understanding being that aa aoon
as the head-frame at the Centre Star was repaired men would be started underground ln
the Star, Le Rol and White Bear Minea, the
Company agreeing to start the work as
rapidly as positible, until a maximum of approximately thirty machines were started.
It was pointed ont by the officials of the
Company, and agreed to by your committee,
tbat the cost of this work would exceed the
usual cost of such work carried on under
more favorable conditions, i.e., the cost of
development work while operating at full
capacity. The officials of the Company believe
that much can be accomplished toward reducing this extra expense, providing all men
co-operate in reducing wastage to a mtnlmnm.
Thla suggestion on the part of the Company
your committee believes to be fair, ana we
would suggest that all our members use their
Influence to make this development work
cost as little above the usual cost as possible.
While this work Is being carried on the
Increase will be the War bonus of twenty-five
cents per man per day as set forth In tbe
letter of tho Company under date of March,
12th, 1917.
When the conditions In the Crow's Nest,
Pass again becomes normal and the Company resumes shipments from the Rossland
mines to the extent of 760 tons per day,
there will be an Increase of fifteen centa por
man per day over and above the War bonus.
this further increase to extend for a period
of approximately two years.
In the opinion of your committee this
arrangement Is fair, and we wonld recommend that It be ratified by the members of
this Union as a complete settlement of all
matters nnder dispute.
It must be understood thst the payment
of tbls fifteen cents per man per day for
the period of approximately two years, abrogates the provisions tn the agreement of
July, 1918, dealing with hack pay fo be
applied to the workers In the Rossland minen
whon the price of copper fell below 16o or
16c per pound snch as the case might be.
Respectfully BUtimltted,
A. G. HARVEY,      .
Committeo for the men.    .
Klmbtrijr and Ainsworth Sattlamant.
Nelson, B. O., Mar 4th, 1017.
To T. B. Roberts,  Marcos Martin,  Gilbert
Omlle, Thos. D. Davidson, and Jamea B.
Grne, Committee repreientlng    our    Em-
Sloyeei of the Silver-Lead Properties:
n the argent solicitation of the representative of tho Minister of Labor, and in
view of the necessity of lead for munition
purposes, we have decided to increaie the
attached wage scale by baying you Ave cents
Ser man per shift for each one eent tbe
lontreal price of lead exceeds olght cents
per pound. This ia tn addition to the twenty-
five cents per man per shift given aa a
war bonus.
When tbe Montreal price of lead Is nine
cents per pound but under ten cents per
pound, the Increase per man per shift. Including the war bonus, amounts to thirty
cents; when the Montreal price is ten cents
but under eleven cents, the Inerease per man
per shift including the war bonus amounts
to thirty-five oenta; when the Montreal
price of lead is eleven oenta bnt under
twelve cents, the increase per man per shift
including the war bonus, amounta to forty
cents, and so on aa stated, going up five cents
fer man per shift for each one cent advi
n the Montreal price of lead.
The war bonus dates from March 81st,
1917, this additional increase dates from
May 1st, 1917, and aball continue for the
duration of the war, bat we guarantee that
the war bonus and the additional increase
based on the Montreal price of lead ahall
amount to forty cents per man per shift
during May, June, July and August.
Further, we agree tbat during the period
of this agreement we will not Increase the
present rate board $1.00 per day charged
for boarding-house accommodations, and that
we will Improve tbe bunk house accommodations by providing proper sanitary conditions, and re-arranging tbe sleeping compartments so that no more than four mon
shall sleep ln a room of good slse.
Notwithstanding that this agreement tl to
last during the war either party aftor the
expiration of six months from May 1st,
1017, may ask the Minister of Labor to investigate as to whether or not there has
been an abnormal increase ln the cost of
living or decrease In such, which condition
not being covered by tho sliding scale above
set out. If the representative of tbe Minister of Labor shall flnd such abnormal increase or decrease, tbo parties ahall be at
liberty to negotiate for an allowance to cover
such Increase or decrease.
Trail, B. 0., Settlement.
Trail, B. 0.,  April 36th,  1917.
J. McKinnon,
1 President Trail Mill and Smcltermen
Trail, B. C.
Dear Sir: In line with the interview wo
had this morning with you and the executive of the Union, we have reconsidered the
I position of matters, and in view of the requirements of motels for munitions, and
'upon the special request of the representative of tho Minister of Labor, wo have decided to supplement tbe wage acale now
.paid under the existing contract with tbe
I men and alio the war bonus effective since
March 81st, by the addition to the present
wage scale of five cents per man per day
for every one cent advance in the Montreal
price of lead over eight cents per pound.
This will mean that on and after the 1st
of May, and so long as the present Montreal
prico of lead Is what lt Is (11.12 cents per
pound) each employee will receive fifteen
conts per day In addition to both the wago
scale and the war bonus of twenty-five cents
por day per man.
Tbe amount to which an employee shall
o entitled under this additional arrangement
./ill he determined by the average price of
lead during the next preceding calendar
In addition to this, wo are willing to
guarantee that the minimum that an employee will receive under this further con-
i eossion shall be fifteen cents per man per
day for the period ot four months from May
11st noxt.
You are aware that our position is that
we now bave an agreement witb our employees for the duration of the war, and that
the concession of the war bonus and this
further concession do not effect this position. It should he clearly understood between onr employees and ourselves that the
present contract Is to continue during the
war, subject to the addition of tho war
bonus and tbe further allowance now made.
Of course, tho war bonus of twenty-five
cents per man per day will be paid for the
month of April—the new arrangement becoming effective May 1st.
Yours truly,
(Signed) J. J. WARREN,
Managing Director.
I Prairie Provinces Hold Successful Convention at Reglna.
On the 24th inst. the Western Canada Conference of Typographical unions
I met In annual convention in the Trades
hall, Regina, with representatives present from every affiliated local in the
prairie provinces. The opening formalities, which were not elaborate, were
participated in by civic officials and the
officers of the Trades and Labor council The progress of things typographical in the west for the past year
were thoroughly analyzed in the roports
which were submitted to the convention at its ilrst session.
The really successful capitalist is he
who not oniy knows how to acquire
wealth without labor, but also how to
spend it without going broke.
Ten "Fed." rob. cards, $10.
Yoa Want Is
"Jingle PoT
Has no equal for
Today's prices are:
Screened Lump ......$7.50
Washed Nut 1&50
Washed Pea $450
McNeill Welch &
Wilson Ltd.
»o noma, too vita Mm, tat—
VaoeouT.r'i i.wwt aid noot
templet, mm
maun— rua aiM am Mr or
New electric »oto bu aeate ill
bwti nd tnlas trat
Oat, Daamrir tad Skkudi Wn
For your kitchen, Wellington nut.
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump -
Comox Nut         ' ,
Comox Pea      '
(X17 oor Pea Ooal fw jam aa&mteaA tttatao)
MM. Ji 1
Macdonald-Marpole Co.
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
8*7 Seymonr St
Who Gets Your Fare?
The Street Railway Company which—
Spends $2,000,000 annually in wages in thc city.
Pays $150,000 to the city in taxes and percentages.
Employs nearly 2,000 persons.
Gives service in all weather, at all times, over all
Has helped to build up this oity and province.
or the Jitney which—
Sends 40 per cent, of its earnings out of the city for
gasoline and motor parts.
Pays less than $20,000 to the city licenses.
Gives service only when it likes, regardless of the
public need.
Uses the public streets for gain without adequate
For the futare of yoar itreet rallwar sorvice, a* roareelf
these queiUooj.
■..—lift PAGE TWO
..June 1,11
Outing Shirts for the Men
Men will need them ior the summer outing.   Don't neglect to get
them.   We have
White ehirta in a hair cord cambric that nre very satisfactory. Collar
attached.    Price  -••■■•• 75c
AT S1.0O—Choice of several kinds in fine oatmeal cloths, self cord
stripes, oxfords with black and fancy colored stripes, madras nliirts,
etc.; all with collar attached.
AT S1JB—ShirtB in fancy vestings with colored stripes, white and colored grounds; also cool white shirts in open basket weaves.
SPOBTB SHIBTS—Shirts with deep open collar in line stripe prints in
all colors at - - ••■•*[
White cambric with colored stripe collar nnd cuffs at fl-00
WHITE JAP    SILK SHIBTS with lounge collar; also pongee S3.50
Regulation style in navy at 60c andI 76c
Navy, trimmed with red   »J*00
Blue cashmere bathing suits ttl_
Orey wool bathing suits, trimmed with black a&M
Wool bathing suits, in all colors, with fancy trimmings .
. S3.es
White duck trousers, well made, with four pockets, belt straps and
cuff bottoms  ■  W.7S
One of the most durable trousers manufactured. Comes in a neat
grey with black stripe. Cannot be beaten by any work trouser. All
sizes.  ■	
So popular beeause it's so good. Cascade is brewed of the
highest grade B. 0. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in onr cellars before being offered to
the publio.
Ost a Beer that has knowledge and pure material-baok of it.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Pure Milk T" Union Labor
Thi milk supplied by thli
dairy ta pare In every Male ot
th* word.   .
All the bottles and utensils
oted by thie dairy ate thoroughly
Our milk npply eomea from
th* Fraaer Valley.
Our dairy equipment eovers all
knows appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
Dependable Paints
Spring Painting
We solicit your paint orders for your
Spring Painting. Our stockTbf paints,
brushes, emanels, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Office:
S*nnoor SMS
Uptown Offlce:
Seymour SIS
"Th* Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from ta* Inert Kilt aal Hop* aad, Incidentally,
furnishee a Urini to ma* forty odd brewery worken.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Umlttd
Oa nl* at all Liquor Storei la
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Seymour 2488
Many Women's Names Are
Placed on Voters' List
for Next Election
Miners Predict Election of
"Jim" Hawthornthwaite
to Local House
[By Walter Head]
Mny 29.—Local 812, U. M. W. of A.,
held its regular meeting here on Sundny.
It was not a very large ono due, no
doubt, to fine weather prevailing and
the tendency of the slnvo to stray far
away from the scenes of his slavery, to
place himself far from the maddening
crowd's ignoble strife; in other words,
to plunt himself beside a lake or n
mountain stream and indulge in the
pleasing pastime of trying to entice one
of the denizens of sail lake or stream
onto a hook.* After playing sucker to
capitalist masters six days of the week,
he tries to entico the fish to piny sucker
to him on the seventh. Our membership, being scattered throughout a radius of five or six miles, is another factor in preventing a very large attendance. However, the boys nre generally
satisfied with the business transacted
at our meetings.
9127 Voted to Miner's Widow.
A letter of thanks was read from tho
widow of one of our members, acknowledging the receipt of $102, the proceeds
of a collection taken up on her behalf
last pay-day. In addition the local donated $25 out of the treasury some two
weeks before. The general opinion of
tbe membership being that the function
of a treasury is to help the movement
along at overy opportunity.
Women's Names on oVters' List.
The legislative committee reported
progress in placing the names of women
on the voters' list. A number of forms,
through a mistake in postage, went to
the dead letter office and stayed there
from May 2 till May 17. The matter
was taken up with the registrar of voters and he has signified his willingness
to place those names on the list, if possible. I notice in legislative proceedings that In the sities of Victoria and
Vancouver men were paid for that purpose and possibly the samo procedure
was followed in other parts. But presumably, owing to the government's
fear of Jim Hawthornthwaite, the taking of applications was left to sweet
charity iu this burg. However, although the work was voluntarily done
here, there is as high a percentage of
names on the list as in either of the two
cities named. A house-to-house canvass
was made and every assistance given to
the women in getting out their applications, irrespective of whether their sympathies were -with our side or with tho
capitalist politicians.
Hawthornthwalte WIU Win.
We have every hope of electing Jim
Hawthornthwaite, nnd we nre advised
by our late representative, Pnrker Williams, who haB our confidence, that he
doesn't intend to bite at the Liberal
bait. And I may say, in passing, that
Parker came and consulted the committee which worked for his election bofore he accepted his present job, and
the committee advised him to take it.
His tactics may not have pleased some
of us, biit he was conscientious nnd did
his best, as he Jaw it, and surely tho
people who have loyally supported him
for years should be allowed to judge.
'Nuff sed. "Let him that is without
sin cast the flrst stone."
Oheckweighman's Fay.
A discussion nrose over the report of
the check-weigh' committee ns to the
method to adopt in making deductions
to pay said check-weighman. It was
finally decided to make a deduction of
% off the pay of the minor for this
month, to create a fund, and to lence tho
assessment for the succeeding months to
be decided later.
Executive Committee's Beport.
Under thiB heading several grievances
were handed over to the grievance committee to take up with the managc-
The flrst was the question of the fortnightly pay. ThiB matter has been
under consideration by the management
for some time past. The local superintendent reports progress from time to
time, but we are no nearer yot to a
change in method of payment. And
seeing that our beneficent legislators
have .seen fit to pass an imitation of a
fortnightly pay bill, we notice that
they are very careful not to step too
hard on the toes of down-trodden capital, we thought it would be advisable
to try to push the clock ahead about
four months by asking the compnny to
Inaugurate the change aB soon ns possible. We think thnt we should be entitled to the blessing of being broke
twice a month, instead of only once, ob
heretofore. It wouldn't be a bad idea
if the workers were to demand a full
month's pay twice a month. That
would help some. It would help more
if they would demand that their hours
og labor be cut in half.
Eight-hour Day' Violations,
In connection with the shortening of
hours, the question arose of men working longer than the eight hours below
ground, as prescribed by the law of
this province. This is another matter
to be taken up with the management.
Wo are to request that thoy do their
part in refusing to encourage mon in
violating the law. We will do our part,
by reporting to the department of
mines, if necessary, any man who works
more than eight hours in the mino, unless it is work that is absolutely necessary to the safety of the mine and the
safeguarding of tho lives of the men in
the mino.
The workers in'the coal mines have a
statutory 8-hour day, for which men, in
the past, have fought hard, and wo are
determined to do all in our power to
prevent members of the Henry Dubb
family violating Baid law, lest frequent
violations cause the employers to bring
about its repeal, on tho grounds of national necessity or another one of their
stereotyped excuses.
The Dockage System.
Another question to be taken up with
the company is the dockage system,
whore the company havo the right to
confiscate a cur if it contnins 100 lbs.
of rock or over, tho minimum being confiscation of car for ll por cent. rook.
Having in mind the dirty condition of
the coal, due to itB present faulty nature, we are convinced that 3 per cent.
rock is too amall an amount to warrant
confiscation of a car and especially aB
the proceeds of this mensure go back
into the jeans of the "widows and orphans to whom God, in His infinite wisdom, has entrusted the mines."
In other camps, where the .union haB
a contract with the companies, the proceeds of the dockage system is placed in
a fund to provide miners' sports. We
are going to try to inaugurate that system here.
A Plea Dor Fitzgerald.
An appeal was made by the executive
on behalf of H. M. Fitzgerald, who ia
at present in the sunitorium at Tran-
quille, suffering with heart disease. The
local donated $20 out of the treasury
and will take, an individual subscription
next pay-day, for the purpose of giving
Comrade Fitzgerald a trip to the coast.
We have decided to appeal, through the
columns of The Federutionist, to all
workers to help ub in giving one of the
soldiers of the common good a good
time before he finally pusses along the
road along which no traveller returnB.
May we also appeal to the Western
Clarion to give us a boost! If '' Fitz.''
has not seen eye to eye with somo of
the members of tho S. P. of C, I feel
sure that they are men enough to forget past differences nnd assist in making the last days of ono of thoir valiant
fighters a little happier than they now
are, by helping him to gratify Mb earnest desire to pay a visit to the coast.
"Fitz.'s" condition wns first brought
to our attention by two of his letters in
The World. The first, in which he took
part in a debate on Spiritualism, etc.
He stnted in that letter thnt ho hadn 't
long to live, and his noxt letter was an
appeal to. well-intentioned individuals
to cease inundating him with tracts,
and asking him where he was going to
spend eternity. • Since that time I have
been in communication with him, and
he informed me that he was trying to
Bell some stories to the papers to provide himself with the necossary funds
with which to take a trip to the coast.
Hence this appeal. Whq cannot we, as
workers, relieve-a comrade of the worry
and anguish of: trying to sell the product of his brain* to capitalist papers!
Surely we can.give a Uttle to one of
our comrades who has been wounded on
the battlefield of class war. Many of
us are giving to the derelicts of the
present ruling clnss war, and nnothr
slight burden will not break our backs.
In my letter laBt week I spoke of the
traitors who sell themselves out of the
working class movement nnd wo cannot
altogether blame them, when we look
upon the reverse side of the shield and
see the other product of the class movement. The martyr is as surely a product of the movement as is the traitor.
The more martyrs we have the greater
will be the tendency to produce traitors.
"Fitz." tellB me that some two years
ago the boys at Kimberley took up a
subscription for him, but owing to the
unsettled state of his mind in the past
he cannot remember thanking them. No
Union ^^  ~
Beer ^	
, Op America ric^r
Vote against prohibition I Demsnd personal liberty Id choosing whit you will drink.
Ask for thli Ubel when pnrehulng Beer,
Ale or Porter, » a guarantee that lt Is Union
Hade. This 1s onr Label
man should expect thanks for doing his
duty, and it is our duty to assist those
who have fallen by the wayside in
carrying on our fight. I am going to
write a short note to the Vancouver
World and ask those well-intentioned
individuals, who were anxious to know
where "Fitz." was going to spend eternity, to help him to make the best of
life until he reaches the gates of eternity and let eternity look after itself.
Donations will be heartily received by
the writer at South Wellington.
For mnny years STANDABD
have been mndo by J. Leckie &
Shoe dealers, minors, loggers,
farmers, city workmen, nil know
good honvy boots, huvo universally acknowledged LECKIE'S
BOOTS as the best thnt can possibly be produced.
synopsis or ooal icnmra rbgula-
pOAL mining righto of the Dominion, In
Vs Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Albert*, Ue
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and In a portion of the Province of British
Colombia, may ba leased for a torm of
twenty-one yeara renewal for a farther tenn
of 21 years at an annual rental of $1 an aere.
Not moro than 8,560 acres will ba leased to
ono applicant.  -»
Application for a leaae muat bt made by
tha applicant in person to tht Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district ln which the righto applied for aro aituated.
In surveyed territory tha land muit be described by lections, or legal aub-dlvteloni of
sections, and In nninrreyed territory the
tract applied for ahall ba staked out by tha
applicant himself.
Eaoh application muat bt accompanied by
a let of S5 which will be refunded if un.
righto applied for ara not available, bnt not
otherwise. A royalty shall ba paid on tha
merchantable output of tht mint at the rato
of five cento par ton.
The person operating tha mlna ahall furnish tho Agent with awora ratama accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable tou
mined and par tha royalty thereon. If the
coal mining righto ara not being operated,
inch returns should be famished at leut
righto only, rescinded by Chap. 9T of 43
George V. assented to 12th Jane, 1914.
Por full Information application should bo
made to the Seeretary of tha Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sab-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Depnty Minister of the Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of tala ad*
vertteement will not ba paid for.—t *&1o.
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
Por Sale Everywhere.
Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
SUB Alberta Bt., Vaneoaver, B. O.
2 for 25c 3 for 25c '
The Ford Is Economical
»HE average man can easily afford a
Ford car. It is the most inexpensive
car to drive.
20 to 25 miles on a gallon of gasoline
is an every-day occurrence. 33 miles is frequently reported by Ford owners. Yearly
repair expenses of less than one dollar are
not unusual. The car is light in weight, and
tires give more mileage on a Ford than on
any other car.
You can always sell a "used" Ford at
a good price. You have to accept a big reduction for a "used" larger car.
Go and take a ride in the 1917 model
See how comfortable it is. And stylish, too
— stream line effect, tapered hood, crown
fenders, beautiful finish. You need one for
business. Your wife and children need one
for pleasure and health.
If you are contemplating purchasing a car this summer, be sure and investigate our
EASY PAYMENT plan, which makes it possible for ANYONE to own a Ford Car.
Ferguson Higman Motor Co.
 June 1, 1917
Quality Dentistry
Trade Unionists—
IN COMING TO MT OFHCE workingmen should understand that my charges are based on the very lowest
terms which can be quoted for good materials and skilful
This fact should be carefully considered by you when you
or any member of your family contemplates having dental
work done.
I am now prohibited by law from doing what I personally believe is your right—advertising my rates so that you
may be informed ae to them before coming to my office.
I am, however, conforming strictly to the schedule of
rates advertised iu previous issues of The Federationist. Particulars will also be given on enquiry at phone Sey. 2715 or
application at my offico.
Call at my offlee whenever you desire to know anything
in connection with your teeth. Ton will be given a cordial
welcome and yonr enquiries given every attention.
In all my work I use the most approved methods known
to modern dentistry for the alleviation of pain.
Seymour 17m
Open Tuesday and
-■*—■-- Ennlnp
Hastings Stmt Oorner Seymour
Are showing a beautiful range of Hen's and' Boys' Suits and
Suits, including Pinch Backs, from $15.00 per suit up.
WORKING SHIRTS from $1.26 up.
CARHARTT OVERALLS and other Union makes kept in
Oreat Values are being offered
Blouses, Sport Shirts, Shirt Waists, Straw and Linen Hats in
great variety.
Tel Sey. 70S
SOS to S15 Hastings Stmt Wart
If the Baking Powder you use
comes in a can like this, you may
be sure that you are getting the
best baking powder that you can
buy, and the most wholessme.
Evidently Borden Returns
From Abroad With
Apparently These Orders to
Be Obeyed no Matter
What the Cost
Notwithstanding the repeated assurances which have been given in the
past right from the executive council
in Ottawa, the government intends
asking parliament to pass a conscription measure next week. These assurances were given in the most positive
way. Take, for instance, tbe visit'of
the premier of Manitoba and Dr. Roche,
a member of the federal cabinet, to
Chicago for the express purpose of announcing the government policy in this
regard. Later, says The Voice, at the
time of the launching of the registration plan, the premier, while declining
to bind himself not to resort to conscription under any circumstances,
promised to the officers of the Trades
and Labor Congress that they should be
eonsulted as soon as any steps were
The premier of Canada now returns
from England with what apparently
amounts to instructions to adopt conscription in these dominions. This
looks very much like the ending of a
chapter in secret diplomacy, the.evils
of which the whole world has recognized in connection with the European
conflagration. Aside from those among
our own population who have all along
clamored for conscription of men, a
small, noisy, wealthy group, all considerations are against such ft proposal
being made. The country has produced
men in marvellous numbers. Four hundred thousand have voluntarily enlisted, and had there not been a restraining
check it would have gone on as briskly
as ever. But some timo ago it became
necessary to prepare the country for
this proposal which is now being made
and the check was administered.
At the present time there is certainly
no duly constituted power in the country entitled to impose conscription on
the population, no elected or democratically constituted power, that is. The
federal parliament has long since passed
its span of life and cannot in any way
claim to be.a representative body. The
emergency of the wnr has been used
only to extond its life, whereas the flrst
consideration should hnve been to abolish its partizan character, moke it as
nearly as possible representative of all
interests in tho state. This should have
been done before ever an arbitrary extension of the life of parliament was
considered. The people might have
been content to go on with the distribution of spoils and patronage in tho
hands of such an aggregation, so inured
and hopeless have they long boon about
the excesses of partizan government,
but when it comes to proposing conscription that is a very different matter.
The Trades and Labor Congress has
never yet given any room for ambiguity
ns to where it stands on this question
of conscription. In so far ns it speakB
for the industrial workers of this coun-
Saturday le potttt-raly our laet lay
lure. Saturday will aee tha end of
tWa Owat Remeral Sale of cure—
feXarUy will ko the laat day you oan
buy «an<w of tha Walter F. Brans
suaaty at those seaaatloaally low
prloea. Tho whole thins now roota
™5 **S-^.nJaa want to aooura a
food reliable «ano at a ireaUy re-
duoed flfaro aad on tho eaateat poa-
alble terms, yon muat huny up. The
n ?ir ft**** '*** amr "» tolas to
aell—that's a oartalnty; but If you
want one of tham you muat hurry.
Xnitnoaato of tho Tory highest
standard—all brand aaw aad back-
ad by our full cuaraatea—are now
prteed from Ilia—aad theae ara
pianos that aell regularly from l«7«
.. '*'?:. A,"r Unn» taa like to mention WIU be arranged on theae laat
—"ate***- Jaf J?** V" ta littlo
?*.* . %~ ~A °" balance at tha
rate of 11.1(1 par weak.
I Plait VanoouTer's Most
Modem Musical House
Remember thla, you ara taking no
risks or chances when you buy a piano from thla houae. We hare been
In business In B. C. for 21 yeara, and
It la simply througl honest methods
and good gooda thi , we have been so
highly successful—compelled to secure the larger and more spacious
premises to where we are now moving. Do not let this golden opportunity slip through your fingers—
aot today—NOW.
net convenient to fet here during the d.y-
Hm. we will urine*, to oe her. any evening at a Km ts suit mra. simply phon.
our Plan, itanaaor ana ho irM arrwse
fo ban someone here to show you the
Mat of th. planoo. Hie number !■ Seymour TII. Of oouno, we will te here
Saturday evenlni, but there won't be
muoh of a selection hero then—If any.
Walter F. Evans, Ltd.
Saturday Our Laat
■Day ln Thla Store
526 Hastings W.
try, it saya it will have none of it.
In this respect it has been in exact line
with the workers of all other countries
where enforced military service was
not a part of the dutyimposed on every
male citizen by a militaristic government. No reasonable person will deny
tbat this is proper ground to take, and
the cause of liberty and democracy has
been well served by it. ThiB will be
generally granted in time of peace.
But what about the changed conditions
of wart And labor answers that under
conscription every man is a soldier,
and may be sent to the front if he
causes trouble. Labor stands to lose
everything even the power to be a factor for peace in peace times, under
conscription. Labor rejects as visionary the idea that peace can be maintained by force, and it suggests an
alternative plan based on the belief
that this war, all wars, arise ultimately
from the exploitation of labor.
It may well be advanced then that
Canada has not got a government with
any competent right to introduce conscription, and that in any event the
peoplo of the country should demand
a direct vote before any such law
Bhould be sanctioned. If conscription
should carry we Bhould still be up to
dealing with the conscientious objector.
He is a considerable factor in any British community, and he does not care
how you vote or what you propose to
do, he refuses to be conscripted under
any circumstances. There has been a
long chapter written by the conscientious objector in England. In order to
allay hie fears very definite exceptions
were put into the law, but he was delivered into hostile hands. Finally he
was dressed in uniform and sent to
France. Here he waB court-martialled
for insubordination and sentenced to be
shot. He was then sent back to England to serve ten years in prison, and
now he is, without hardly an exception,
working on the land preparing crops
for the feeding of the Inhabitants. This
whole procedure might just as well have
been avoided and the last act committed first.
To come back to the thought that
presses on all who are giving this matter close attention there is no need for
and no economy in conscription in Canada under the conditions aa they exist.
Presidentelect Armstrong Installed at
Sunday's Meeting.
President W. S. Armstrong and the
officers elected to serve with him during the ensuing year were duly obligated into office by retiring president H. C.
Benson at a fairly well-attended regular
meeting of Vancouver Typographical
union held on Sunday last.
D. Hawking deposited a travelling
card from Seattle, and is showing up
on the Sun.
Ralph Wilson, foreman of the World
composing room, has taken a cottage on
Bowen island, where he intends spending tbe Bummer months. Mr. Wilson's
many friends hope the outing will prove
beneficial to him, and that he may soon
regain his usual good health.  ■
Running into debt is an experience
not altogether devoid of pleasure, but
running into your creditors afterwards
is often accompanied by uncomfortable
and even painful reflections.
International  Sooial Democratic
Dominion  Executive  Committee
Be Oonscription
Financial Aid for the Sugar
Refinery Strikers of
Labor Candidate May be in
the Field at the Next
In view of the conscription legislation foreshadowed by the Borden administration, we, the members of the
Dominion executivo committee of the
Social - Democratic party of Canada
hereby place ourselves on record in relation to the proposed legislation.
RESOLVED:—That the first duty of
a democratic Btate is to refer to tho
people any proposed legislation which
may vitally affect their welfare and
civil liberty. In this regard we strongly condemn the suggested action of the
government for its announced intention of enacting compulsory military
service without any such referendum
being taken, thereby undermining the
function of democratic government —
"Government by the people for the
AND WHEREAS:—We believo this
is an attempt to coorce the people of
this country into sustaining a proposal
or policy which is alien to the wishes
of tbe community (and akin to the
military junker system of Germany,
which is a blight to the workors of that
country), and in so far as the Borden
administration is openly supporting this
principlo of militarism which is the
greatest enemy of democracy; and haa
been so remiss in its duty to our people by permitting the profiteers and
speculators to press down tho said people to the lowest limits of human substance,
THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED:—That the first duty of the
government Is to proteot our own people from the enemy In our midst, by
destroying tho principle of profit, patronage and graft, and to forever put an
ond to the destructive power of vested
intorests by subordinating all the material resources of Canada to the general welfare of our people, and by
grnnting security and protection to
those least ablo to defend themselvos,
"the wealth producers," and tho extension of this principle to tho injured
soldiers and the dependents of those
who havo fallen in the fight,
AND WHEREAS: — Wo havo re-
ceived no clear declaration of thc government's object in prosecuting thc
wnr, and so fur as we are nware, it hns
tiiken no action to bring about a lasting peace; and furthor, hnving'on ro-
cord tho stntoment of a British cabinet
minister, "Lord Hugh Cecil," thut tho
allies cannot consider terms of peace
without territorial compensntion and
indemnity, we aro forced by circumstances to concludo that the men who
would come under the provisions of tho
proponed legislation would be engnged
in a war of conquest—to which principle we have a distinct objection; and
so fur us we nro concerned will not acquiesce in the sacrifice of Canadian
munhood for such bnsa  material pur-
Wo further declare our uncompromising hostility to nil measures of "Industrial or Military Conacription," as
n menace to the liberties and sociul aspirations of the Cunadiuu people, and
strictly adhere to the spirit of t"
"Baslo Socinlist Convontion of 1913,"
declaring it to be our duty to bring
the war to un end, and with all our
energies to use tho political und economic power at our disposal to hasten the
full of cupitaliflt dominion (which is
the causo of war) by placing socioty
upon a stable economic foundation
which will bring as a natural corollary
—the blessings of universal peace.
Signed on behalf of the committee,
Toronto, Mny 22nd,  1P17.
PRINCE RUPERT, B. C.. May 26.—
The laat regular meeting of Prince
Rupert Tradea and Labor council was
held Tneaday evening, President S. D.
Maedonald preaiding. The attendance
was large. Credentials were received
from S. V. Cox for the Englneera, and
Hammond for the Boilermakers'
Victoria's Aetion Endorsed.
A resolution passed by the Victoria
Trades and Labor council was read.
Thia resolution asks for co-operation in
having labor represented on a commission to be formed that haa for its
prime object the elimination of profiteers in the sale of the necessaries of
life.  This was endorsed.
Help Sugar Refinery Strikers.
Vancouver Trades and Labor oounoil asked that the action of the employeea of the B. C. Sugar Refinery, in
striking for a living wage, be endorsed,
which was done, and the council donated $25 aa a preliminary aubacription
in aid of the cause.
Labor Candidato Possible.
A committee waa appointed with the
objeot of a canvas being made of organized labor throughout this northern
district with a view of determining
whether a labor candidate will take the
field in the next general eleetion. This
matter will be settled later.
No DlSbonrtesj Intended.
Hon. T. D. Pattullo, who bad, been
asked to explain hia attitude to the B.O.
Federation delegation recently, wrote
that in leaving the meeting early, no
discourtesy was intended. He claimed
pressure of business made an early departure imperativo.
Want Labor's Choice for Deputy.
In view of the recent announcement
by the provincial government that a
portfolio of Labor is to be created, a
resolution was passed requesting the
government that permission be granted
labor to choose a deputy minister of
Labor by referendum vote. Copies of
this resolution will be aent to the Tradea
and Labor councils in Vancouver, Vlotoria and Now Weatminster.
Holidays for Nurses.
A communication from W. E. Williams, chairman of the houae committee
of the General hospital, stated that the
recommendation of the Labor body that
the nurses be allowed an annual vacation of two weeks, with pay, would be
met. The other recommendation that
the nurses be put on an eight-hour
shift, would be taken up with the
provincial secretary.
Routine Business Covering Internal
Affairs Disposed of.
VICTORIA, B. C, May 29.-The last
regular meeting of the Victoria branch
of Letter Carriers waa taken up with
ordinary routine, such as paying hall
rent and the quarterly per capita tax
to the central body. A letter waa received from thc general aeeretary, dealing with a request made by the branch
that the Dominion executive forego the
collection of the per capita tax on enlisted members. The letter pointed out
the general principle of the request, if
granted in one case, then all other
branches should be similarly treated,
which would seriously cripple the revenue of the Federation. Tbe letter
also suggested measures of relief which
were open to the branch itself to adopt.
The communication was filed, and tne
meeting decided to pay the full amount
as usual. A letter from Toronto branch
explaining a former letter from that organization demanding the resignation
of W. H. Hoop of Winnipeg from the
presidency of the Federation was received and filed.
Bro. Bird reported for special committee for rovising the by-laws of the
branch. The report was considered in
committee of the whole and approved,
with some amendments, which wore referred to the committee. Tho report
will be considered again at the next
meeting of the branch.
Tho death of Bro. Canning was announced by the secretary, having been
killed in action several weeks ago.
Bro. Canning loft this city as n munition workor In Great Britain moro thnn
a year ngo, and subsequently enlisted
from there. Hia relatives livo at Calgary.
Organiser Clark Breathes the Spirit of
Old-times Into Local Organisation
Plumbers' and Fitters' Locnl Union,
No. 170, after several years of hard
times, are again coming back. With tlie
snmo old spirit of trude unionism that
has always existed in the breasts of
upright men, our members, acting in
conjunction with all other crafts,
through tho central labor body, and
local Metal Trudes Council, are making steady gains in membership and
discipline. At the last regular meeting of the union, 28 now members were
initiated. Somo of theso were old
members, who nre again taking their
placo in tho labor movemont. Thta
will givo all union men new courage
for the work to bo done in thc future
Tho local also has sb mnny moro up
plicntions on file for action at next
meeting. Tho spirit displayed by Local
No. .170 is ono of conservative action
and a policy of sound sense nnd reason, proposing to givo tho othor fellow
ti'i'p j the same consideration expected by our
Credit Where Credit Is Due.
R. C. Woodbury, who has been contributing a series of splendid articles
to The Federatlonist during recont
months, waa inadvertently not given
credit last week for tbo ono headed
"Tho Working Class and the Great
As a Money Saving
Proposition This
Sale of Men's Suits
is a Record Breaker
They are made exclusively of $25.00, $22*50 and
$26.00 woollens, and service and satisfaction is guar-
$20.00 woollens, and service and tailored by experts,
and if Vancouver men knew what we do about woollen prices and woollen prospects, every one of these
suits will be sold before closing time tomorrow; 200
Suits in all—in all sizes and wanted shades. Actual
values up to $25.00. 04 A n*\
Here for «frl*. ID
The killing of jnst oae fly NOW
means thoro will bo billions and trillions IcsH next summer.
WhrBudson'sBwCompanj. fig!
Ij*,,^     - aamamma  nta     wmsw i i«Jgww __^__tt__» —     ' ^mw  '
Granville and Georgia Streets
Broadway Theatre
nom na. m
Monday    Tueaday    Wednesday
Jaw 4. S and 6
Clara Kimball Young
"The Feast of Life"
Lenore Olrich
"The Road to Love"
f15 Ot— Prliea, 8 p.m.
Will Reduce the
High Cost of Living
*"* Price
South Wellington Coal
Every Good UNION MAN
Patronize our own Union Overall Factory in Vancouver and keep the money at home among our own
Union people.
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BBID, Proprietor
Manufacturers of
Office and Worka: Tenth Stmt        NEW WEBTJONSTEB, B. O. PAGE SIX
U|   It has come to our attention that
* several firms in Vancouver are advertising Union Clothes, and otherwise using the name of "union,"
which would lead the union men to
believe that the goods they sell are
made by union labor.
{R If any clothing has the Union Label
on it, we would have it, and we are
scouring the market continually for
union-made goods, but we will not
condescend at any time to try and
fake the public into buying goods
which do not bear the Union Label.
Uf   Anyone  advertising Union-made
^ Clothing should demand them, and
see that they bear the Union Label.
H   We were the first firm in Vancou-
* ver to advocate a 4^-hour week, and
a minimum wage for store employees.
Wm. Dick
N. B.—Ask our clerks how they
are treated, and the wages they are
33,47 and 49 HASTINGS St. East
atnmmrin iKUttorg
'An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of core'
Apply this trite saying to your teeth. It sounds a warning
which every reader should heed.
It means prompt action when you see that the enamel of
your to,oth is cracked—that a cavity has developed—or when
a sharp twinge, or a steady growing pain tells you that aomethlng is wrong with your teeth.
By coming to my office at once I ean tell you what is wrong
and remedy the defect.   That "ounce of prevention" will save
you hours of pain, as well as both trouble and expense in the
Baa ma when anything goea wrong with jour taath.  It paya.
Appointments for Examination* made by Phone.   Bay. SSS1
Open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
Dr.Brett Apdersoi)
Crown and Bridge Specialist —    •
602 Hastings St. West
Corner Ssymoor Strut
Visit the Beauty Spots
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS      9       "  35c
EAGLE HARBOR      "       "   40c
LARSON'S RANCH ......    "       "  50c
HORSESHOE BAY  ......    "       "   50c
Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.  For further
particulars phone Sey. 9547.
Passenger Dept
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Is the Doom of Democracy
to be Sealed in this Great
"Canada of Oiirs?"
Is this Dominion to Become
Merely an Appanage of
Downing Street?
But first of all, where does Bortlen
get the mandate for conscription —
Downing street or from me people of
Secondly, does the Borden govern
ment represent the people of Canada?
The great outcry against the cost of liv
ing clearly indicates—No!
Thirdly, Bhould the Borden govern
ment get another year of life? De
cidedly not, for they have forfeited
all confidence of the people because of
their incapacity to look after the interests of the common,people of Canada.
Fourth, Bhould the Borden government railroad conscription on the people of Canada without a referendum.
This country will be governed by an
autocracy and. not by democracy by
that action.
The Borden government should appeal to the people for the continued
support of the Country, but they dare
not, for they know that they would
be defeated at the polls, hence the cry
for another extension. Australia , hns
had a referendum and a general election, and it has not hurt Australia,
but of course, Canada would be very
much injured if the Borden government
was defeated—that is the Borden government, not the people.
The way that the Borden government have allowed the people of Canada to be plundered by "vested interests" and the gambling, in the necessities of life and Btood idly by and
watched the game for the past two
years is nothing but a monumental
crime which can only be credited to the
absolute incapacity of government by
the men who hold office.
Think of the injustices done to the
families of those men who have made
the supreme sacrifice and those who
have been maimed and also those who
are in the trenches. The $20 allowance
in 1914 to the wife or dependent—what
value is it today? Who is responsible
for the decrease in purchasing power?
Who has watched the coffers of the
"big interests" fill to overflowing
while the people are being squeezed
dry and in want of necessities. The
answer says the dominion government.
At this late date the government announces it is going to appoint a food
controller. Saeh a pitiful joke. Does
the government think for a moment
that the people believe that such an
appointment would bo of benefit to the
people in the face of past history?
Look at last fall when the government
was appealed to to protect the peoplo.
What happened? Passed the brick to
the municipalities to deal with it, knowing full well that it would como to
naught. Now a food controller. Bah I
—The Voice.
Attempt Made to Throttle Free Bxgres
sion of Working Olass Opinions.
CALGARY, Alberta, May 29.—Special to The Federationist.)—Alex. Boss,
a well-known trades unionist of this
city, has been nominated by the Labor
interests to contest Centre Calgray, his
opponent being Tweedie, Conservative.
The campaign has been waxing warm
because of the attempt of the Tweeditcs
to suppress free speech. At the Conservative nomination meeting last night,
Tweedie instigated closure proceedings
against the People's Forum on the
flimsy pretext that its meeting had been
closed without singing the national anthem, as haB been the custom for years.
And this despite the fact that the
Church's Fortnightly club failB to make
the same observance without any protest being made. Empress theatre
closed doors against forum last Sundny,
the notice being given late Saturday
night. The Forum, however, is ending
a successful season and has moved to
the Grand theatre, where it will continue meetings for another month.
Electrical Workers' union membership, employed on government lines, will
go out on strike tomorrow, all over the
province to enforce new schedule.
Boilermakers and Iron Shipbuilders.
The condition of trade in this line,
both in Victoria and Vancouver, is
very favorable at present, as all Bhops
and yards are working a full force,
we are pleased to Bay, with
the exception of the J. Coughlan &
Son's shipyard, where we are at present
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ont y sir's ubierlptlon to The B.
0, F«d#rataonlit, will bt milled to any addreu In Canada /or $10. (Oood anywhere
onttldt of Vaneonvtr city.) Ordtr ton to*
dty.   Romlt when told.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
SS37 MAIN BT. Phone: Fair. 447
Womens Wtnte
Summer Hose
Women(s Pine White Cotton itose, made with
double toes and heels.
Special value, 35c pair,
3 pairs for $1,00,
Women's White Fibre
Silk Hose, with 12-in. ankles, double toes and
heels, also strong garter
top. Remarkable value,
50o paiV.
Women's Pino Silk Ankle
Hose, has 16-inch silk,
double toes and heels;
superfine make. Extra
value, 75o pair.
Women's Pine Silk Hose,
18-in. silk ankles, double
toes and reinforced toes
and heels also garter top.
Fine value, $1.00 pair.
Women's Pine Pure Silk
Hose, has 16 in. of silk
and reinforced toes and
heels, superior quality,
$1.25 a pair.
Women's White Silk Hose
in a heavy weave, with
20-in. silk ankles, reinforced at toes and! heels,
also ^deep. garter top
Very fine value, $1.75 pr.
Women's White Glove
Hose, with double toes
and heels. This is an extremely fine stocking at
$2.00 pair.
Women's Very Pine White
Silk Hose, made with
wide top, has silk lisle
toes and heels, also double soles. A high-grade
hose, at $2,50 pair.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Gtanville "Phone Sey. 3540
Mere Man May be Driven to
the Shambles but Wealth
is More Sacred    s
Before this War is Over the
World Will Have Learned
— A Different Lesson
on strike for the adoption of the same
agreement as is already in force in all
other yards of B. C. The Wallace shipbuilding yard/is 'still employing a full
force of men. British Pacific Construction „'&'Engineering Company nnd
Robinson & Godson also have a large
number dt mon employed. Patterson's
Boilershop, the B. C. Marine and the
various other companies, including the
North Sh-fire Iron Works, are fully occupied with work at present. The trade
in all lines being in a very heulthy
MembersWp Not Slow to Take Advantage of Present Opportunities.
In reviewing the conditions in British Columbia, particularly in Vancouver
and Victoria, during the past year, the
value.of organization cannot be overestimated/ Twelve months ago tho
Machinists had little or no organization
in thiB territory, having only 160 members throughout the whole province.
Conditions were bad, hours long, and
wages ridiculously low. The work hours
ranged from nine to eleven per day,
nnd in many cases overtime allowances
were unknown. Wages ranged from
35c to 45c per hour, a greater numbor getting the 35c rate than were
getting the 45c. An organizing campaign was started tho end of the year,
and in leas than six months, what has
taken place. They have approximately 500 members, secured the 44-
hour week, a minimum rate of wages
of 56%e per hour, double time for all
overtime and holidays, and recognition of the union, in all shops in Victoria, and five in Vancouver, and nlso
in Nelson and Prince Buport. Further,
the shops'jwho hnven't so far signed
the agreement or - reduced the hours,
have all established tho minimum rate
of wages 'quoted above. The above
conditions were secured through the
efforts of the organization, nnd it is
indeed pleasing to note thnt tho nonunion machinists realize it, and nre
showing their appreciation by flocking
into the organizntion in large numbers.
Very soon the machinist who doesn't
carry n card wont bo required or wanted on tho coast. Next month a genoral conference of reproBontativeB of
machinists; lodges in Victoria, Vancouver and Now Westminster will likely
meet, to discuss matters pertaining to
the organizntion and prepare plans for
the futuro; A speciul meeting of
Local No. 777 will be held on Saturday afternoon to give the men working nights) an opportonity of attending, and giving some of tho non-union
men nn opportunity of mnking application for membership, and becoming
members on tho second Tuesday in
June, when the officers of the lodgo
will be installed.
The organ of tho federal government
in thia city, says The Voice, Winnipeg,
whioh has been gloating over the application of conscription as applied to
men, goes out of its wny to deride those
who ask for n conscription of wealth.
The organ argues, futuously, that the
only conscription of wealth is taxation
and that there will bo plenty of taxation in the future.
Well, we are pretty well persuaded
that there will be much taxation in the
future if the friends of tho organ ro-
main in the seats of the mighty. But
taxation grinds the poor without noticeably affecting the comforts and luxuries of tho rich.
WhaJ is meant by conscription of
wealth is something much diffcront f rom
genoral taxation. There are many people' who have great hoards of eush or
liquid assets, hoards so large that they
can never spond them all except by insane prodigality. If the state is in
danger theso hoards aro in danger of
being lost. If the danger is so great
and so impending ns to call for conscription of men's living bodies, in order to save the country, thon these
hoards of cash and Hq aid securities
should bo utilized to pay the cost tf
the war.
A certain, limit of individual possession should be sot when matters
come to a crisis grave enough to bring
about conscription. All over and
above that mark should be swept into
the coffers of the stato to pay the
expenses of the struggle
Of course the government organ will
argue against anything which might reduce the lucre-hoard of its millionaire
backer, the Hon. Bobert Sogers.
But beforo the war is over, or at
least, beforo the great post-bellum problems nro settled, the principle of conscription of superfluous wealth will have
been adopted. In the face of the poor,
who are losing their denr ones on the
field of battle while trying themselves
to exist despite high prices, the organ
may sneer in a heartless way and argue
the cause of the profiteers and the
sacredness of property. But the war,
if it is doing no other good, is driving
people to see and accept the fundamentals. After thc war is over the
civilized world will not stand for
bloated* fortunes on one hand and soul-
grinding poverty on another. Our volunteer soldiers who suffered and died
on the field of battle did not flght for
Buch a country.
Place Daily Sun on the Unfair List-
Planning Organisation Work,
A regular meeting of tho council was
called to order by Pres. A. H. Donaldson, with 42 delegates in attendance.
Application for affiliation from the
Pattern Makers' association wns received and accepted, and delegates seated. The attention of the delegates was
drawn to the strike situation of Cough
lan's shipyard and, after .a thorougt
discussion of the situation and a lot
of good suggestions thnt might lead to
an early settlement, tho following resolution was passed:
"That the Metal Trades council do-
eided to levy an assessment on the entire membership, to assist the workers
on strike at Coughlan's shipyard, if
A motion was passed instructing thc
delegates to Trades and Labor council
to have The Daily Sun newspaper
plnced on the unfair list, owing to its
attitude in refusing to receive a paid
advertisement from tho Metal Trades
Electrical workers reported they were
on strike for an increase of 20 per
cent, in contract shops.
Under the order of good and welfare,
the delegates urged the organizers and
business ngents to use every possible
meana to carry on the strike at Cough'
lan's yard to a successful settlement.
FMDAY.  June 1,1917
THIS Store is specially organized'for the
purpose of supplying the things-to-wear
that men and young men need.
WE accept full responsibility for your sat-
isfactidn with quality, style, service and
Clothes of quality at prices lower than
$15, $18, $20, $25, $30, $35, $40
C'mmr rmsammirm<-ma
W     a__m_m _______% _____* ama. mm '____-
mW IMlTtaa
Monition Workers, Including Many Women, Decide to Organize.
On Saturday, May 19th, the munition workers employed by the Victoria
Machinery Depot held n meeting in the
Lnbor hall, for the purpose of considering the advisability of organizing. It
Situation Altogether in Favor of Men
f Winning Out
At Coughlans tho situation haB improved considerably sinco wo issued the
special Strike Bulletin. There are fewer
men in tho plant than thero wero on
that date, and it is gratifying to know
that the fow workers oro doing splendid work, from our viewpoint. Much-
ines of nil description nre being broken, and material is being spoiled daily,
nnd it is indeed surprising that some
serious accidents haven't occurred. Tho
daily meetings aro well attended, and
enthusiasm'and determination is increasing. The pickets are on the job
late and early; nobody escapes them,
and it is certain the company cannot
hold out much longer.
M. O.
Bacon, sliced, per Ib 80s
Ayrshire Bncoll 30c und 35c
18 lbs. B. C. Sugar $1.68
Sinter's Ten, lb.  30c
Sinter's Coffee, lb  26c
Apex Jam, 4-lb. tins  45c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 26c
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jello, 3 for 25c
McDonald's Pork nnd Beans IOC
Delivery to All Farts
131 Hastings St. East   Bay. 3268
830 OranviUe St.      Sey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
was decided to organize and to try and
affiliate with either1 the A. P. of L. direct or with the Machinists. A .commit-
too was appointed* to nttond to the
mntter, and on tho Monday following
ono of tho committeo was called to the
offlce and askod if it waB true that ho
wns one of the committee montioned
above, ond on admitting that he was,
was discharged. Tho result was that
over 100, forty of whom wero womon
workers, quit work until tho man discharged was reinstated. After a number of attempts to effect a Bottlement
and a week's striko, the discharged
employee waB reinstated and a settlement reached. While the reinstatement
of the man discharged was tho only issue at this time, conditions are such
that before long a demand will undoubtedly bo mado for Improved wagea
and conditions. Womon are working
for tho magnificent sum of 20c to 22%
per hour (8 hours per day), and in
mnny cases doing tho work that men
previously received from 30 to 35o per
hour for. As in instnnco, in the
painting department, two girls are
employed, and besides painting the
shells, thoy have to pack them, nait
down the boxes, carry them out and
load them on to the cars, and all for
the magnificent sum of 20o por hour.
How is this for true patriotism!
This store iB stocked with Solid
Leather Shoes for Men, who require a good strong, everyday
shoe—and at the same time a
comfortable and dressy shoe.
As far as possible, we buy
union-made shoes, and we guarantee satisfaction.
We solicit your patronage,
646 Haatinga Street Weat
Hotel Canada
518 Bichards Street
(Neat Lain Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
We carry a' full lino of
Mallory Hats* union-made,
carrying tho American label.
Also English union-made
soft hats in all colors, and in
all the latest styles.
$3.00 and $100
Colquhoun &
Ostrosser, Ltd.
61 Hatting* Street Eaat
Winnipeg    Vanconver    Calgary
get the best in
spices ahd extracts
mat mama EMPRESS
Fnt up under the Empres
VSK your grocer for them. In-
. sist on getting Empress brand.
If he doesn't carry them, notify
Manufacturing Co.
Ours Ib a BAT STOKE only,
though we sell Umbrellas and
Walking Sticks. Yet HATB is
our big stock-in-trade — our
You can gather from this that
A great big store, stocked from
floor to ceiling with Men's Hats,
sarely has YOUB Hat among the
All the new Summer Stylee aro
here, last beckoning you to come
in and have a "try-on."
How can you resist themf
13.00 AND OT
Richardson ft Potti Limited
417 Oranvllle near Oor. Hastings
M. E. MeCOY, Manager


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