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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 29, 1917

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*    VANCOUVER, B. C, FBIDAY, JUNE 29, 1917
(In Vancouver
oitr. 12.00
)      $1.60 PER YEAB
foin Organized  Labor oi
B. C. in Protest Against
Schaake   Munition Works
Employees Strike for
Increased Wages
Trail   MtU   and    Bmeltermen's
Union Bins to the Occasion
—Assistance Needed
FERNIE, B. O., June 27.—
(Special to The Federationist.)—
In response to an appeal made by
the British Columbia soction of
District 18, United Mine WorkerB
of America, through the B. C.
Federation Of Labor, the Trail
Mill and Smeltermen's union has
donated $500, as relief for necessitous cases. T. France, secretary
of Fernie Miners' union, further
urges upon all afflliated unions
the imperative necessity of additional assistance pending a complete settlement of the coal strike
27.—New Westminster Trades and
Labor council is again showing signs of
coming to life, judging from the attendance ot recent meetings and the interest taken in discussions. There have
been three new affiliations in -4he last
couple of months, and the prospects are
bright for two more, as an effort is being made to get the carpenters organized again and ulso the men employed in
the shipyard.
At the meeting held on June 12, it
was reported to the council that the
Canadian Northern, railwuy had 300
Chinese, who were on their way to
France, working on the Goose lake
branch of the railway, and, as they
were passing through Canada in bond,
and had not paid the head tax, it was
decided to write to the minister of
labor and enquire if the report was true.
At last night's meeting a letter was received from the minister of labor, saying that "he was unable to give any information on the subject." As the letter did not say whether the report was
trae or not, the secretary was instructed
to write again and find out who could
give the information.
A protest hod been mode to the Imperial Munitions board about the shipyard on Poplar island working u ten-
hour day instead of eight, nnd in a reply
from Mr. Butchard, director of the
board, he stated thnt the ten-hour day
was being worked only during the time
that the land wob being prepared for
the yard, nnd that when the construction of ships started, thc some arrangements would be put in force here as existed in Vancouver and Victoria.
An ncknowledgment was received in
reply to thu communication from this
council to Sir R. L. Borden ond Sir Wilfrid Laurier, which stated that the organized workers of New Westminster
Were opposed to the conscription bill
which is' now'before the parliament.
The cohimittoe which had charge of
the public meetings, held by the council lost week, to protest against the conscription measure, hod to    report
JUL! 2
Blood and Carnage As a
Lever for Moral and
Ethical Uplift
Hansard  Says  Suggestion
Came from Vancouver
Board of Trade
Chief Reason Why People of
All Nations Should Be
Nominations Show Healthy
Competition for Nearly
Every Honor
Confidence the Keynote of
Last Wednesday's Big
Regular Meeting
ed owing to the street car strike, nnd
thot the auto which was Bent for them
had broken down and by the time another was secured, it waB too late for
the meeting.
Some delay in securing proper settlement of compensation claims had been
made at a previous meeting of tho council, ond had been referred to the secretary to get adjusted, and he reported
rlast night that the matter had been
taken up with the Compensation board,
and would be settled satisfactorily.
In the reports of unions on the state
of trade, all organizations reported
thingB in line shape; plenty of jobB and
everybody working; two unions, the
itreet railwaymen and the railway carmen, both reported they had received a
raise in pay of 5c per hour since last
The strike of the B. C. Sugar Refinery workers, Vancouver, was diBcusaed.
It was decided to -appoint a committee
of three to get the local merchants to
■jecure s.igar from some other source if
possible, and the delegates were requested to ask their members to purchase
sugar that was not made in the scab
factory at Vancouver.
The council was requested to do something about the employment of children
in the munition factory, one caBc being
eited of a child 13 years of age working in the shell factory IOVj hours per
day, when he should be in school.
The fourteen m6n, employed in the
Schanke Munition workB, went on strike
yesterday when thc company refused to
make a fnir adjustment of the wage
scale. The men hod been receiving 30e
per hour, and a bonus on nil shells over
,55 each shift, bat the company .changed thc nember of shells on which the
bonus is paid to 212 per shift, nnd to
even up the change, the men osked for
a5c per hour, which was refused, ond
the men walked out.
IVISION NO. 101 of the Street Railway Employees, held a bumper
meeting in Lnbor Temple on Wednesday evening. A general feeling of satisfaction, over the successful outcome
of the recent Btrike, prevailed umong1
the membership.
The union voted $100 towards the assistance of the striking Sugar Refinery
Election of Officers July 7.
Keen interest was evidenced in the
election of officers for the ensuing term,
and the nominations show a contest for
nlmost every office. Saturday, July 7
(pay-day), was fixed as Election duy
The Humiliations;
President—W. H. Cottrell, Jos. Hubble. -      •
1st Vice-president—J. Anton, W. Burrough.
2nd Vice-president—C. Addison, P.
Treasurer—W. J. Harper, A. F. Robinson.
Recording Secretary—J. E. Griffin,
A. V. Lofting.
Financial Secretary and Business
Agent—F. A. Hoover, E. S. Hougham.
1st Conductor — F. Huigh, F. Le
2nd Conductor—T. Bancroft.
lHt Warden—W. O'Connor.
2nd Warden—W. Nash.
Trades and'Labor council delegates
—J. Armstrong, J. Anton, W. E. Beat
tie, W. H. Cottrell, F. Haigh, F. A.
Hoover, E. S, Hougham, J. Hubble, E.
Kermode, A. Lofting, A. Mclnnes, R.
AuditorB—R. Boyce, J. Byron, F. Le
Grove, A. Mclnnes, W. Murray, A. Pep-
par, A. F. Robinson, J. White.
Executive (Day Men)—R. Boyco, E.
8. Cleveland, B. G. fiovies, H. Stanton;
(Night Men)—J. Bancroft, J. Curd-
well, Jub. Gow, E. Jackson, D. Lewis,
W., Murray, A. Peppar; (Extra Men)—
Ji Johnson, J. Price, A. F. Robinson.
Delegate to International Convention—d. Byron, W. J.'Harper, F. A.
Hoover, Jos. Hubble.
Delegate to Trades and Labor Congress— F. Haigh, W. E. Beattio, W. H.
Cottrell, B. G. Davies, E. Kermode, W.
Murray, R. E. Rigby.
Judge of Elections—R, L. Butt.
Tellers—Geo. Hanson, H. Rees;
North Vancouver—B. J. Hughes.
Polls open from 9 a.m. to 6.30 p.m.
Polling places, Prior street and wniting room, North Vancouver.
Third    Vice-President    Ben   Oiborne
Looting After Interests of His
Organization Here.
Third Vice-president Ben Osborne of
the International Association of Bridge,
Structural and Ornamental Ironworkers and File Drivers, is a visitor here
this week from Portland. Bro. Osborne
has been bere on several occasions daring the past two yenrs. To The Federationist he soid this morning: "I
have noticed a splendid improvement
in business conditions since my last
visit here. Our organization, particularly the pile drivers, are increasing
their membership, and taen of both
branches ot our trade are constantly in
demand. Our International union is
progressing along with the rest of the
labor movement, over 80 per cent, of
our members receiving a substantial
increase in wages this year."
Socialist Party
of Canada
NIOHT, 8 o'clock
Speaker noxt Bunday:
Subject: Under Capitalism.
Grand Flag-waving Hurrah Unanimity
Slightly Jarred by Lone Trades
The Vancouver Central Rutepnyers
Association held o meeting Tuesday
evening. It decided to take u hand in
the discussion of the conscription issue. Everything went according to
schedule until W. R. Trotter, from
ward five, took the floor. Then, re
ports the Daily World, "a note which
was somewhat foreign to the feeling of
the meeting was struck by W. R. Trot
ter. While stating that if he had been
fit he would have beea at the front,
yet he declured it did not sound right
to him to hear every man who opposed
conscription called a 'slacker.' If the
meeting hod this idea, they were badly
mistaken. Thero was a lot to be soid,
he thought, on the other side; there
wus another viewpoint which should be
considered. The government, in his
opinion, had ployed with the question
from the first ond by their dilatory
tactics had developed luach of the op'
position to conscription, A referendum
should have been held many months
Saskatchewan Election Results.
The Martin (Liberal) government
hos ngnin triumphed Id Saskatchewan.
Out of a house of 59 scats no less thun
60 go toithe Liberals. All the labor,
independent and non-partisan league
candidates fell by the wayside.
Thos Bye-Elections, Maybe.
On Tueeday, for tbe first time since
the death of Ralph Smith, the Brewster
cabinet has been able to sit in executive council with all portfolio! repre
seated. Bye-election dates for New
castle, Alborni and Vancouver are still
in the air, aad it is thought that these
mutters will also be discussed in due
course. , /   ,
The Old Wrangle and Jangle
About Jobs and Wages
Still Going Strong
Secretary of Boards Says No
Such Suggestion' Made
That people do not begin to realize
the extent to which they muBt sacrifice both to equip military forces' and
to meet the results of war in the form
of increased poverty and immorality
at home, is the statement of W. C.
White, president of tbe centralized
budget of philanthropy, who has just
returned from Pittsburg, says the Milwaukee Leader, where he attended the
national conference of charities and
corrections which made discussion of
how to meet these problems itB chief
You know much about starving,
sick, dying Belgium and Poland and
Serbia and Armenia; but do you know
what this war means in terms of suffering to England, to France, to Germany, to Russia, to Canada; and w
it will soon mean to America nt
home)'' he aBks.
Disease Follows War.
Do you know that in England,
cities have closed their public schools
to give them ob drilling places to the
army; hove sent their teachers to the
front and left their children to grow
in ignorance and idleness? That in
'efficient' Germany herself juvenile
delinquency and crime have grown so
alarmingly that neither the military
authorities nor the police are able
longer to cope with itf
"Do you know that upon every one
of the struggling notions there has
poured a tidal wove of disease, of vice
and immorality, of suffering and of
destitution among certain of the popu-"
"Do you know that always in the
ivake of war, with the doctors and
nurses in the hospitals and at the
front, the dread and devouring scourge
of the white plague is let loose upon
the people to add its horrors to those
of growing want or famine?     .   .
"Do you know that the camps and
the trenches, with the consumption
of intoxicating liquors, when obtainable, ond the following of lewd women, are the breeding places of immorality and the venereal diseases that
ore not second to tuberculosis as a
Social Woes Inerease.
Oh, yes, we know all this ond much
more, but this war is being fought on
another continent and these things con
not touch us."
Well, did you \ever hear of the
Canadian patriotic fund, and do you
know that after sending 1 in every 15
of her people to the bottle front, and
after sending dollnrs of money after
them where we have given cents, our
great neighbor to the north has had
to fairly pour out her money at home
in the building of institutions and the
mobilizing of resources and of people,
to care for the enormously increased
populntion of tho crippled, the blind,
the sick, the idle hien with their idle
families, the criminals, tho vicious
and the weak?
"Do you know thnt in the camps on
our own border nt the timo of thut almost negligible nffair with Mexico the
work of the hospital attendants would
have amounted to little, far less than
wns the fact, but- for the prevalence of
venereal disease?
Face Frightful Distress.
"Have I said enough? We nre about
to face o condition thut will fill our
ordinary hospitals, our infants' homes,
our maternity hospitals, our tuberculosis sanitariums, as never before;
that will cnll for nil the service of our
juvenile protective associations and societies that cure for delinquency and
for child life und welfare; thnt will
tnx to the utmost our associated charities and societies for relieving distress
of nil kinds,
"I have not the leaBt desire iu the
world to nose ns on alarmist, I want
simply to call the attention of the people of Milwaukee, not to any theory,
but to a condition thnt is close upon
us; nnd to urge thom, in tbeir giving
nnd in their thinking, not to neglect
nny cause to which they have the
means to contribute of money or time.
"Save and conserve your resources
by personal offort ond all necessury
sacrifice, and use the saving without
stint to meet the enormous needs of
our allies, but also to meet what will
be our supreme need in the future
that is just ahead of us."
"Red Spectre" of Socialism
Haunts the Dreams of
Political Tinhorns
OOME FEW WEEKS ago a Vancou-
**** ver delegation, representative of
business interests, visited Ottawa.
Among theBe were Messrs, B. W. Greer,
Nicol Thompson, Chris. Spencer, E. C.
Knight, Wm. McNeill, Norman McLean,
C. Tisdall, W. H. Malkin, F. L. Fel-
loweB, Mayor Vance, North Vancouver;
Councillor Loutett, North Vancouver
municipality; Blake Wilson and W. A.
Blair, secretary of the board of trade.
On June 8th a discussion took place in
the Capital City over an amendment to
the Chinese Immigration bill. This because an effort was'being made by the
government to "let down the bars" to
Chinese labor in Canada,
Who Wants the Chinese?
In reply to a direct question by a
member of the opposition, as to who or
what was behind the move, Mr. Roche
replied, according to Hansard:
"Thero may hove been;some request
made from the mine owners, I nm not
certain ob to that. There was a deputation here about a week ago, consisting
of members'of the hoard of trade of
Vancouver, who made a suggestion of
that nature. Then one or two parties
sent communications to the department;
I cannot recollect their names, but I
think Bome of this correspondence emanated from those who are not employers
of labor, and not particularly interested,
but making a suggestion that it would
be wise to adopt such a policy in view
of the scarcity of libor.'
Suspicious Movements.
Inasmuch as the fact was mentioned
in the Vancouver court on Wednesday,
it may be repeated that several thousand Chinese are being shipped across
Canada from this port to France. It is
alleged, too, that some of the importations may be left in Canada. And the
above movements at Ottawa ut least
arouses suspicion among British Columbians, who know something of Oriental
standards of living.
... JM&    .
Denies the Allegation.
In reply to a direct question by The
Federationist yesterday, as to the accuracy of the above Hansnrd report, W.
A, Blair, secretary of Vancouver Board
of Trade, denied thut any such request
had been made by thc delegation, at
least not officially. Nor had the question been even discussed by the Van-,
couver Board of Trade. "In fuct," declared Mr. Bluir, "this is the first I've
heard of it."
Under the circumstances, it might be
well for central labor bodies in B. 0. to
get into immediate communication with
the Ottawa officials of the Trades ond
Labor Congress of Canndn, to make sure
thnt nothing of the sort is slipped over
on the electorate, like a lot of other
things, too numerous to mention. Trade
unionists should, like firemen, sleep with
one eye open and one foot on thc floor.
Rousing Meeting Held in I. L. A. Hall
on Sunday hut.
The striking employees of the B. C.
Sugar Refinery are putting up a determined fight for recognition of their
claims, and B, T. Rogers, the sugar
baron, is thc busiest man in town; in
fact he is kept hopping around like n
bug on a hot stove. The nativities of
the strikers nnnoy him. Mr. Rogers,
however, hns a faithful henchman in tho
person of P. C. 172, who, in uniform or
out of it, can always be relied on to do
nny dirty work called for in hiB slimy
occupation and association with Thiel-
men, Tho mass meeting in I. L. A.
hall lost Sunday afternoon wob o humdinger. If anything were needed to
show thnt the spirit of the men and
women was unbroken It was dissipated
at that gathering. Mr. Rogers is experiencing some difficulty In securing
anyone to unload the raw products from
his ships reaching here from his Oriental plantations. Splendid support is being received from the unions, and tbe
strikers are sure endeavoring to make
tbe best of their opportunities.
Seattle Conference Reports Show Phenomenal Growth of Metal Trades,
District No. 20, Machinists', held a
conference in Seattle on Saturday and
Sunday last. Representatives were
present from Portland, Taeoma, Spokane, Bremerton, Seattle,, Vancouver and
Victoria. Organizer McCallum represented Vnncouver, and A. Herberg-
er, Victoria.
Favorable reports wero received from
all points. Arrangements were made
to reorganize the District and invitations to affiliate will be sent to all
Locals not belonging to the District
at present.
All Locals hnve moro than doubled
their membership during the past six
Labor Temple Directors' Meeting.
A meeting of the directors of Vnncouver Lnbor Temple Co., Ltd., will be held
in room 211, Lubor Temple, on Monduy
evening, July 2, ut 8 o'clock.
Want Government to Intercede,
Vancouver School Board this week
decided to request the Dominion government to look Into the eoal situation
in Vancouver and to extend the functions of the federal fuel comptroller to
thc eoal hii nen on Vnncouver Island,
SUNDAY, July 1—Steam Shovel
and Dredgemen; -Moving Picture Operntors.
MONDAY, July 2—Iron Workers;
Electrical Workers; Boilermakers,
TUESDAY, July 3—Amalgamated Curpenters; Shoe Workers;
Cignrmakers; Railway Firemen; Retnil Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, July 4—Press
Feeders; Tailors; Plasterers;
Tile Layers: Brewery Workers;
Metal Trades Council; Warehousemen und Freight Handlers.
THURSDAY, July 5-Trades and
Labor council; Onrrnent Workers; Painters; Steam Engineers.
FRIDAY, July 6—Railway Car-
men; Letter Carriers] Molders;
Civic Employees; Pile Drivers
& Wooden Bridge Builders.
SATURDAY, July 7—Bakers.
DEFORE be got through committee
*■* today his bill increuBing the salaries of civil servants ln the inside service at Ottawo, Sir Thomas White had
to listen to a good deal of frank criticism about the contrast in the treat'
ment of "inside" and "outside" civil
servants, says the Mail and Empire's
Ottawa correspondent. Half a dozen
members, most of tJ-em government supporters, demanded more generous ml
aries for postal and customs employees,
and two or three of them come out in
the open to "slam" tbe efficiency of
the departmental staffs at Ottawa. R,
B. Bennett, of Calgary, director-general
of National Service, was the most outspoken of critics. He declared that the
inside staff at Ottawa could be cut
down by 10 per cent, und be improved
in efficiency by the cut. The fuilure
to provide adequate salaries for employees in the outside service was calculated to bring the government into
diBrepute ond increase the "alarming"
tendency toward socialism.
Sir Thomus avoided any general debate on the subject, poiutiug out thut
the bill before the house only applied
to the inside service, and that the outside service would be taken care of in
the supplementary estimates where increase could be provided.
When the bill wbb taken up Mr. Bou-
lay, of Rimouski, mnde a strong plea
for men in the outside service, especially those of the lower grudes.
Hon. Rodoiphe Lemieux warmly supported this. There were thousands of
men throughout the country giving
faithful service at very small puy, particularly the mail sorters, railway mail
clerks, and mail carriers.
Inside Better Looked After.
Dr. Edwards, Frontenac, agreed with
Hon. Mr. Lemieux, and remurked that
the Ottawa civil servants were better
looked after, beeause there were several thousands of them together and
they could influence elections.
Dr. Schat'ner, nf Souris, Manitoba,
wns particularly insistent in pleading
for more generous treatment of the out-
aide service. In his own riding, he declared, it was impossible to get men
for the rural mail routes owing to the
shioll salaries paid. Thc Customs service was suffering for the samo reason.
Dr. Schafner said that the inside service wns over-manned,
R. B. Bennett, of Calgary, mode the
House sit up by declaring that there
were 12,000 civil servants on the pny
list in Ottawa, involving un annual expenditure of $12,000,000.
"There arc certainly too many of-
ficinlB in the civil service in Ottawa,
und too many inefficient ones, and there
nre too many efficient public servants
outside Ottawa not being paid enough,"
continued Mr. Bennett. "The minister of finance says that we should devote our resources to winning the war.
Well, if he can find the money to pay
increases to 12,000 civil servants in
Ottawa, then he cnn find money to pay
the services of the department of the
interior more money. The government
should take the civil service in this
city nnd put it on tin efficient basis,
which moonB that it should be cut down
ten per cent.
"I know of nothing better calculated
to bring thc government into disrepute,
to encourage bitterness and strife und
a feeling *of animosity ngainst constituted authority and to give momentum
Jo the socialist tendencies, manifesting
themselves to au alarming extent, thun
the Insufficient and wholly inadequate
salaries being puid to the outside ser
Increase in Salaries.
Sir Thomas White stated that the in
creased expenditure under the bill
amounted to (290.000, which he regard
ed ob a very substantial increase for
the inside service ot Ottawa.
Hon. Dr. 1'ugsley again asked why
the order-in-council lind been passed
stopping equalization of pay for civil
servants who enlisted nfter May 2\>,
when conscription was announced,
Sir Thomas White replied that it wns
simply because of conscription. These
men had ample time to enlist and there
was no good reason why they should
be given extra pay up to their ordinary
salaries. Tins would be a discrimination ngninst the ordinary citizens token
under conscription, who would simply
get their militnry pay. The bill was
put  through committee.
Coastwise' Steamship   Employees
Decide to Join in tho Genoral
Movement for Moro Pay
Firemen, deckhands and others
employed on coastwise steamships, under the guidance of the
Seamen's Union, are among the
latest to cease work In an effort
to gain a wage more commensurate with tbe increased price of
foodstuffs. Though the service
is badly crippled the steamship
companies involved are obstinate. But a day or two more
should Bee the strikers win recognition of < their demands.
Otnerwise the trouble will spread
ond involve others, thus raising
general havoc with shipping. A
20 per eent. increase is sought
by tbe strikers.
Mayor Makes Noble Display
Of Statesmanship and
As a Great Agricultural She
WiU Undoubtedly
Interesting Speculations As
to Her Future and
Dominion   Government  Is
Expected to Arrange
For Arbitration
There was "something doing" in the
ranks of the city flmnen this week and,
il the aldermen adopt the same attitude
as was token by Mnyor McBoath in his
interview with tke men Inst Tuesdny,
there is liable to be something more doing in the very near future.
The interview referred to/ above took
pines between the mnyor nnd three re.
presentntives of the firemen. The mayor
suggested that the men accept un offer
to give them one dny off in alx. This
wnB refused, and the men started, to
leave when they were cnlled back, and
a proposal for one day in five was Bug-
gosted. The men said this would not be
satisfactory, and the vials of mayoral
wruth were then unloosed, the mayor in*
timnting that the firemen eould "go
out" if they wished. Their places could
be filled by ■'.■BchrubB,!' nnd he would
see that, there was no organization work
nttmpted nmong the men. In the face
of such intimations the firemen's representatives thought the mayor's offlce
was no place for s man .who hnd nny
desiro to ainienbly discuss the question,
and tbey withdrew.
Matters ure steadily moving townrd
thc appointment by the Dominion authorities of an arbitration board which
will consider thc cluims of the firemen
for tho establishment of n two-plntoon
system. On Tuesday evening, J. D. McNiven, representative of the Labor de*
partment in the west, wired Ottawa advising that there wns danger of n strike
of the firemen unless the requested inquiry wns held, and tho men nre daily
expecting an announcement concoruing
the matter. So far the city has not suggested uny person as its representative
on thc bonrd. Should it fail to do so,
the Ottawn authorities will appoint n
mnn to represent it.
The firemen nre united in their determination to have their case for a two-
plntoon system mnde the subject of
caret jl enquiry. They consider that the
plebiscite poll of lust week shows that
they havo behind them n representative
number of ratepayers, especially when
the circumstances under which the vote
wns taken nre considered. Several
Inectings hnve been, held during the
week, at each of which action wns
taken which showed the spirit of the
mon. .
Well-attended   Meeting   Latt   Sundny
Disposes of Routine Business.
I.lift Sunday's meeting of Vancouver
Typographical union wns well attended
and interesting throughout. In thc absence of President Armstrong, who was
prevented from nttending on account of
illness, Vice-president It. O. Marshall
occupied the chair, all thc other ollicers
being in their places.
Travelling cards were received from
W. A. Kuart of New York, and M. Monroe of Bellinghatn.
Another member of No, 220 hns been
lidded to the list of those receiving tho
pension provided by the I. T. I'. Four
members of Vnncouver union nre now
on the pension roll, snd enjoying the
benefits of this fund after many yenrs
of faithfulness in the organizntion. The
pension is given to members over sixty
yenrs of nge, who have been in continu*
oils good stnnding in the union for 20
years. Thus not only Is this bencuViul
feature of thc I, T. U. a financial as*
slstanec to thc participants therein, but
it is also hii evidence thnt they have
loyally stood true to their principles,
nnd have, attained nn honorable place
of distinction amongst their fell
Northwestern Typographical Conference
Makes   Initial   "Blanket"
Agreement at Taeoma.
See.-Tress. Harry C. Haines, of the
N. 'P. C\, in his .luue report, just to
hand, says:
". . . . For some time pnst in North
western Typographical Conference con
volitions there hns been inure or lees
talk of closer affiliation of and co-op*
Oration between the different brunches
of the printing Industry.! especially has
this been trje io tin* joint meetiags of
the allied crafts. As a step forward
in this line a joint contract hus been
signed recently in Tacomu which embraces all the unions of the printing industry, namely the pressmen, prei* assistants, printers, photo engravers,
bookbinders, stereotypers nnd. mailers
One feature of the joint Contract dealing with the employer was the recognition of the Mailers' union, which has
just recently been organized. 1'rovions
Iforts to organize lbe mailers iu Tacomu had been unsuccessful, us the em*
•do.vors would not recognize the orgnnizntion when it stood nloue, but with
the backing of thc other unions, us put
forth in the joint contract, there was
no difficulty in securing recognition by
thc proprietors."
In tbe opinion of Albert Thomaa,
Freneb minister of munitions, tbe new
Bussian government iB gaining id
strength. The.minister's opinion il
based on first hand knowledge of revolutionary conditions in Bnssia after
a visit of eeveral weeks. The grip of
the government has apparently been
strengthened by tbe* inclusion of eeveral representatives of the soldiers' and
workmen's council in tbe cabinet, to
support the young socialist minister ot
war, Mr. A. F. Kerenskl, says the Ottawa Citizen.
Baron Heyking, who has so long and
so well represented Russia as consul-
general in tbe United Kingdom and India, recently stated in an interview
published in the New Age, "Thie revolution is conservative and retrospective. The tendency now is to go back
to the old Bussian methods which existed before the Tartar invasion." It
would seem hard to understand the idea
of the revolution being conservative
while the strength of the government is
mainly vested in socinlist leadership.
Baron Heyking is an Intelligent observer, however.     "Bussla," be said.
iB, broadly speaking, an agricultural
country, and she muat remain so. Tbe)
natural conditions nre sucb that aba
must perforce be an agricultural conn-
try; in 8iberin, which as yet has hardly
been developed at all, she possesses tba
granary of the world." Russia also haa
enormuus mineral wealth, especially in
Siberia. "There is no mineral wealth
which is not * to be found there, and
tho conditions for carrying on industry
are thore also.'' But Russia is in need
of capital to make possible improved
methods of cultivation and to develop
Asked if he thinks Russia will develop industrial institutions different
from those of tbe western nations,
Bnron Heyking said be hopes social
conditions will be better in Russia. Cooperation, for instance, ae practiced in
Denmark, haa already found n wonderful echo in Russia. By it, the peaaanta
BSJiftnt tb* laek-ef cnpital'Caa be-«»-..
edied. Tbere bas been a tendency,,
however, among many members of tbe*
village communities to throw up tbeir
land and go to the factories in the*
towns. In reply to the suggestion tbat
tbis looked like the commencement of
the worst abuses of capitalism, Baron
Heyking said:
"Wc have kopt out till now of the*
capitalist system, but I do not see how
we cun avoid it any longer. I will not
eay that capitalism works for tbe happiness of tbe people; but, unfortunately*
no country exists without It. Like other bad things, if one country ndopts it,
all the others must follow. It is like
univcrsnl militury service; Prussia begins it, and all the rest of the world
has to follow. And, of course, you find
tho capitalist system already ia Russia;
the banks arc firmly established. We
am a rich country, but we are short of
capital; tho result is that we are poor.
Let capitalism como in; it will develop
thc country quickly, and she will becomo rich.
As to the effects of capitalism, Baron
Heyking*pointed out thnt this revolution mnde with such astounding ease, *
has opened the eyes of thc world to tho
fact that Russia is thc most democratic country iu Europe. "/The tables
are turned now in England and in Russia," he said. "Yojr plutocracy in
Eugland—which you call democracy —
is extremely old; the rcigo of the gon-
try was only plutocracy blended ay-
breed. But plutocracy in Kussin 1 can--
not ininginc." Bnron Heyking is of
the opinion thnt the revolution will'
bring more nnd more equality in tbe-
senso of equality of opportunity audi
education. "The old Russian iiiiture—-
the old idea of brotherhood—will coma
more und more to its own."
More Ships and More Ships.
The I.yall interests, which recently
p.ircliiised the No, 2 Wallace shipbuilding yard iu North Vancouver,
uud which hnve n contract for the
'onstructlon of ten of these vessels,
ire now getting everything in readiness for laying the keels for thc lirst
of the ships.
Secretory V. lt. Midgley of Vnncouver Trades und Labor council, announces that copies of the new bylaws
and constitution are now ready for distribution umong the delegates. The
provisions und amendments become effective on July 1. 'One of these provides for un increase in the per capita
tax from 10 cents per quarter to live
cents per month; this to make it possible to ukignge n business agent nt the
earliest possible date.
Ou Company Hands Out "Voluntary"
lncreaae of 50 Cents Per
News from South Porcupine. Ont.,
union officials Indicate* that at least
one company (the Home Mines; haa
attempted to forestall u general striko
demand for more wnges by making a
"voluntary" increase of 50 cents per
dny to the mine and mill workers, em-
|bracing more thnn <100 men. It is understood, of course, by the compnny,
that this action was not in the least
brought nbout by any efforts or ngi-
tntion of tbe miners' union. But bo
that as it mny, the increase has been
made und the union is stilt very much
in evidence. It must be admitted,
however, that thc higher the wages
paid thc easier it is to cease creating
Afflliated Wltb Central Labor Body and
Geta Down to Business.
At Tuesday 'a meeting of Machinists,
the following memberB were elected to
represent Local No. 777 on the Trades
aad Labor council:* F. Edncy, n. Fleming, nnd J. W. Wainc.
A number of applications for membership were received, and nine new
members were initiated.
Encouraging reports were received
from all shops.
Aetion on the B. O. F. of L. circular,
re general striko, was laid over until
next meeting, as also was the report
from tbe District meeting, held
A number of communications are
unavoidably held over this issue. —
| Editor Federationist.] PAGE TWO
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FBIDAY June 29, 1917
Sl'ECULATING in food is no new
practice.   It Is as old as human
slavory and has become so timo*
hallowed by long usage that it socms
almost like Bacrilege to offer any objection to it.   And yet it has becomo a
most   prevalent   cufl
THE MUOH-        torn to verbally cas*
ABUSED FOOD   tigato      thc      food
SPECULATOR     speculator,    and   be
who is able to most
noisily bombard him with vocal shrapnel, at  once becomes a popular idol,
and groat is tho joy thereat.   There is
said to be reason in all things,    but
just whero it lies in the matter of this
hue and cry against the dealer in foodstuffs is by no means easy to determine.
It is rather peculiar that much of this
hue and cry comes from tho throats of
men in high public place, and who are
thehisclves the beneficiaries of trade
and coramorco in the necessities of life,
which, by the way, is but another way
of saying food speculation.   All trade
and commerce is built upon the enslave*
ment of the producers and the taking
from them of the wherowith to trade.
Were it not for this enslavement and
robbery of the producers of wealth,
there would bo nothing to trade in.   It
seems as though that ought to bo readily seen by any ono who is not wilfully
The merchant, the dealer, the trader
in the things produced by the enslaved
workers, becomes a necessary factor in
the  process  of  skinning  slaves   and
transforming   their   hides into added
power   to   enslave   and   plunder.   By
trading and trafficking alone can the
surplus value that comes into the hands
bf the masters of slaves be disposed of
and the bulk of capital be increased
and its power enlarged.   It is up to
tbe dealer, the merchant, the speculator
If you please, to get as much as possible out of tbe commodities that pass
through his hands.    That is thc only
purpose that can possibly lie behind the
exploitation of labor and the disposal
of tbe plunder accruing thereby.   It is
the only way the purpose can be realized.   And it is just as moral as is the
enslavement and robbery of the slaves.
In fact, it is a part of that process and
can, therefore, be neither better nor
worse than that of which it is a part.
Every business concern on earth is ran
for the express purposo of getting as
much as possible for nothing.   That is
all there is to the much-revered profit,
that all the world so zealously pursues.
The speculation in foodstuffs is no more
reprehensible in time of war than it is
at any other time.  It may be that war
conditions afford more lucrative speculative opportunities than peace conditions/but that is purely a matter   of
good fortune to the dealer or speculator.   Every railway, shipping interest,
munitions   factory,   mining   company,
bank and, in fact, all other lines   of
trading activity are openly acknowledging and boasting of greatly increased
profits as a result of war conditions.
They chortle gleefully in their annual
reports about their augmented profits
on account of the war. Just why, in the
face of this, the guileless food speculator should be selected ns the target
for verbal rotten eggs and vocal brickbats, is not clear, unless it be for the
purpose of making him the senpegoat
upon which to pile the sins of the whole
dirty bunch  of trading and merchandising speculators and thimble-riggers.
Thero is a perfect deluge of soaivk-
ing and piffling 'about controlling the
price of this, that and the other thing.
Thc noisy blatters along this line are
those  who know  tho  least about  tho
basis from which all prices ure determined and whoBO business it is to determine the prico of anything that is
to be sold.      In the ilrst place, it is
solely the businoss of thc owner of anything whatever, what price shall bo put
upon that thing.    Once that is denied
tho   entire   repudiation   of   capitalist
property has been mndo and tho foundation upon which it rests irrevocably
destroyod.   The state, powerful though
it may be, can no more fix the price
of tho goods and chattels of its citi-
zons or subjects, than ono man or sot
of mon cnn arbitrarily fix thc price of
tho goods and chattels of others.   Tho
determination of prico nlwnys lies with
tho owners of a commodity, subject to
such conditions ns muy prevail iu tho
market at tho moment in question. Thc
state cnn ovorrido this only by first bo-
coming owner nnd, therefore, sole toaster of such commodity.    And in that
ovont    it   can    only    protect   itself
against Iobb by nlso assuming absolute
control of the production of Bnid commodity.   If tho stato should over fall
into  tho  hands   of   thoso  who   would
limit prices to the actual cost of production, or to any other figure less than
tho prices thnt prevail in thc unrestricted capitalist world, that state must first
assume control of the production. Then
us undisputed owner of industrial en
torprisos tho stato could determine the
prico nt which its commodities would
bo sold.   But until the state docs that
all prico fixing will bo more or less of
a joke.   In tho meantime, we would
suggest   thnt   it   is   exceedingly   bad
taste to throw verbal mud at tho "food
speculator," in a world that has boen
for centuries devoted to the noblo art
of   speculating   in    everything   from
stable inanuro to tho virtuo of womnn.
If wo aro to maintain our allegiance
to a system of property and industrial
control that is based upon tho enslave
ment and robbory of lnbor and shaking
business dice for the disposal of the
swag, we should bo absolutely logical
and "let her go as she looks."   The
food speculator comes jast as near being a simon-pure angel as any of tho
rest  of the profit-chasing  gang that
constituto   tho business world.    There
are no white blackbirds in the capitalist bush.
to the exerciso of usurped powor, spellB
tho death of all liberty and the inevit-
nblo rivetting of thc shackles of ty-
rnnny upon the limbs of the supine and
spiritless victims thereof. It is not too
Into for the liberty-loving peoplo of
Canada—that is if they arc guilty of
tho pleasing impeachment—to pour out
tho vials of thoir wrath upon the Ottawa aggregation for its impudent attempt to force upon them the iron cross
of Prussian "kultur." Domands
should be made in no uncertnin or misleading language, that a halt immediately be called to the infamous proceedings nnd an election be held at
once, for the purpose of ngnin setting up
a legal governmont, with a clearly defined mandato.
fHEN THE legions of tho German
The Royal Bank of Canada
Capital paid-up .
Reserve Funds .
 t 12,911,000
Total Assets   287,000,000
410 branches ln Canada, Newfoundland, West Indies, etc., of which 102
are west of Winnipeg.
Opon in account and mak* deposlti regularly—uy, every payday,
terest credited half-yearly.   No delay ln withdrawal.
0. S. HABBISON, Manager,
Oranvllle and Pendor
Don't itow away yoar spare
cash io aay old oorner where it ie
in danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers yoa perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
0. N, STAGEY, Manager
Hutlngi and Oarrall
THE PRESENT Dominion government waa elected in 1911. AH the
jonstituencioa chose representatives
for tho house of parliament. The elected representatives were given credentials and nuthority for a period of four
years. They have
POINTS exceeded   that   au-
NOT TO BE thority    by   about
OVERLOOKED, onc year. This has
been merely an impudent assumption of authority, that
would have been immediately repudiated the mohtent it was attempted, by I
any people of spirit nnd worthy to bo
free. It has not been repudiated to
dute, and the supine indifference of the
electorate to what the Ottawa adventurers are doing towards the crucifixion
of democracy and the destruction of all
rights of citizenship, has seemingly so
strengthened the impudent courage of
these adventurers, that they are determined to still further prolong their arbitrary retention of a power that they
do not legally possess, for the purpose
of completing the nefarious work of
sweeping the Canadian governmental
stage clear of all democratic opportunities and possibilities of interference
with the ambitions and aspirations of
all that iB reactionary and baneful in
the social and industrial life of the Do
minion. If the attempt to still further
prolong its baneful existence, in open
contempt and defiance of every principle of legality, of political probity and
of publie decency, does not arouse the
revolutionary wrath of an outraged
electorate against this pettifogging government of cheap and impudent adventurers, no further proof is necessary to
stamp that electorate as a mere band
of sheep, so lacking in virility as to be
totally unworthy of any other destination than that of tho shambles and the
chopping block of autocratic rule and
* * *
To make a bad matter infinitely
worse, forty-eight constituencies are absolutely without representation in tho
houee, the former members hnving
cither died, resigned or enlisted for the
wnr. No steps havo apparently been
tnken  by  the governmont   to  fill  thc
vacancies   thus   crented.   ' Forty-eight
constituencies are therefore loft voice-!has become fully developed and world
Prance, tho semi-feudal autocrat of mid-Europe was laboring under
no delusion. He knew from what direction danger threatened his "divine
right to rule." In
TKE ' tho nascent democ-
RESURRECTION   racy    of    western
OF AUTOCRACY  Europe    ho   recognized    thc    enemy
whoso insidious attack, if allowed to
continue unquestioned, would, in time,
undormino the foundations of his empire of absolutism and wreck the world-
conquering ambitions of the house of
Hohenzollcrn.   Even his own miserable
subjects had been slowly acquiring the
habit of at least speaking in terms-of
democratic hope, and if nothing was
dono to ward off tho menace of that
threatening   growth    of    democratic
thought, it might in time develop into
such action as to overturn the entire
remaining feudal   survival   from tho
middle ages.    Tho kaiser and his :|1-
visers knew full well the task in hand
and when they loudly proclaimed their
purposo of carrying German "kultur"
to  the  uttormost parts  of the  earth,
they were neither indulging in windy
bombast or pipe-dreams.     They were
merely voicing a perfectly logical determination to reconquer the earth for
that autocracy that had suffered a
inconsiderable clipping of its wings by
the   uprising   democracy   of   western
Europo, but had still remained steadfast and unconquered in the Hohenzollcrn realm.
*      #      *
The contention of the German military autocrat that he is fighting a defensive war is quito correct,    but not
in the sense of its being a war in defense of trade, as so many are led to
believe.   That it is, from the Prussian
standpoint, a defensive war is due to
the fact that it has been forced by the
growth and oncroachment of democratic
thought and tendencies upon tho autocratic political concept that is so denr
to the Hohenzollern heart.    That the
kaiser should, 'deem it his heavon-er-
dained mission to retrieve the situation
by going forth to reconquer the world
for the autocracy and absolutism of the
middlo ages, is no more an evidence of
insanity than is the case of the disciples of democracy, who, likewise, set
forth to conquer the earth for their
peculiar governmental faith.    There is
nothing to  German "kultur" beyond
the    military   absolutism   that    held
Europo under its    complete   sway   to
well down towards    the   end of tho
eighteenth century.   Its triumph merely means that the world is to be set
back politically to the status of those
times.   It is tho thirteenth century concept of government    nrmed   with the
tools and  weapons  of tho  twentieth
century, attempting to force the world
back to the unbridled autocracy and
tyranny that constituted the political
status of the thirteenth century.    Its
triumph means that all of the gains
that  have been  made  for  democracy
and human liberty   during   the long
drawn out struggle of the past, will be
lost and the battle will have to bo all
fought over again, against even more
overwhelming odds than was formerly
the ease.
* * *
And Prussian "kultur" is swiftly
winning its way to complete world
domination. Its disciples all over tho
world are rising to the occasion afford-,
ed by this war and leaving no stone
unturned to throttle every democratic
impulse and hamstring overy democratic tendency that has found expression or been called into activity in the
life of nations. No ruling clnss ever
existed that was not reactionary, onco
its rule was threatened by a class below it. Tbe capitalists of tho world
hnve as little uso for democracy as tho
kaiser himself and they have never
countenanced it except for the purposo
of using it to furthor thoir own ends
against tho feudal rule from which
they broke away.   Now that capitalism
And tho ground plans are being carefully laid here in Canada to slip the
same infamous program ovor us and
add the territory of this Dominion to
that already conquered by the "kultur" of the much-abused German kaiser. That "kultur" is winning throughout the civilized world, and God holp
tho uncivilized portion later on. The
world is rapidly being convorted to tho
sublime wisdom of government by the
machine gun, the submarine, the gas
bomb and tho braggart and cut-throat
in military uniform. Just what the
"democracy" of the future may expect at the hands of such governmont
has alroady been happily indicated by
the actions of uniformed ruffians in
breaking up meetings and committing
other hoodlum acts, without incurring
even the slightest frown of disapproval
from either public authorities or their
apologists, procurers and boosters, both
spiriual and "of tho earth, earthly."
Just how "safe the world will bo for
democracy" whon there are countless
millions of uniformed assassins in
every land nt all times ready to do
their masters bidding against thoso
who may too loudly protest against
their tyrannies, may be better imagined than described.
# *  i  ;   *
Lot nono delude themsolvos with the
silly notion that soldiers will not kill
when they are so ordered by their gallant officers.   And it will not matter
who they are ordered to kill, either. It
is the soldier's duty to obey, and almost invariably ho performs that duty.
The soldiers of any country may be rolled upon to mow down the rebellious
of their land, with the same zest and
gusto that they display in butchering
what is termed their country's enemies.
That is tho soldier's trnde.   That is the
true "kultur."   He does not fight for
democracy and liberty.   Ho fights because he is so ordered by those above
him, and whom it is his delight to serve,
And the way he will undoubtedly bo
used to serve tho domocracy of the future will bo a positivo delight to tho
interests that use him.   And yet in the
face of this triumphant march of German "kultur" in conquering the earth
and adding the brutal chains of military autocracy and tyranny to the already galling chains of servile cxploi
tation borno by the workers, thoro ib
next to no protest put up against tho
accursed infamy of the murder of domocracy and the rape of liberty.  Even
tho organized slaves of at least some of
these    "democratic"    countrios    nro
among tho very firBt to fall for the infamy that is being perpetrated upon nil
who are warriors in freodom's cause.
They willingly and even joyfully surrender their privileges and rights in exchange for the patronizing pat upon tho
back, and the fulsome flattery whispered in their stupid ears by the oily tools
who are privileged to ensconce their
dirty shins 'neath tho council board of
the powers  that rule and rob them.:
Some there arc who are not oven thon |
satisfied, but needs swap their few remaining pennies for "liberty bonds."
One would be almost tempted to imagine
thoy hnd bonds enough as it is.   But it
seems that tho gullible sucker will fall
for anything, provided its merit is sung
in tho name of "democracy and liberty. "     " What   fools   theso  mortals
bo," and also, geeso must havo been
made for tbo express purpose of being
...June 29, 19171
man life, but upon every field of honest human effort, even to the basic industries of our political life.
Capital, in the last analysis, simply
spells the control of labor and the appropriation of its products. Tho capitalist performs no useful service, either
to himself or to anybody else. He
hioroly owns. All things come to him
without effort on his part. Ho is nothing but a nuisance in the pathway of
human effort and progress; a parasito
upon tho productive forces; a community tapeworm. Ho is tho logitimate
succoBSor of tho feudal lord and chattel slave master of other days, and ho
is every bit as usoful and nearly as
ornamental. But without him, however, domocracy would havo no champion, liberty would bo friendless and
the slave be without a job. The situation being an extremely ticklish one
should not be roughly handled, lest the
capitalist be scared off the perch and
all be lost.
The most striking case of unaduftor-
atod patriotism that has como to the
front in the United Statos since the
declaration of war against Prussian
militarism, for tho avowed purpose of
making "tho world safe for democracy," hails from tho penitentiary at
San Quentin, California. Tho putrons
of that Christian institution, ono of the
most hideous torturo chambers on earth,
loyally and joyfully turned ovor to tho
warden $1,500 to bo invested in Liberty
Loan bonds. It is almost as good a
joko and quite aa appropriate to the
surrounding circumstances ns similar
investments mado by some of the trado
unions of that deloctablo "land of the
free and home of the brave. For dull
stupidity and fawning sycophancy the
dyed-in-thowool wage slave has every
other animal on earth beaten a block,
not even excepting thc dog.
Hotel Canada
618 Bichards Street
(Near Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
For the Trades and Labor Congross
of Canada to accept money from a
trade organization and grant it a charter, as is being done at Winnipeg and
a few other places, is to accept money
under false pretences. Tho congress
offers no financial assistance in case of
a striko, be it over so justified. Tho
congress is n legislative body and
should keep out of the industrial field,
as it practically agreed to do at the St,
Louis, Mo., convention of the A. F. of
L., nt the time it wns given the exclusive nuthority to issue charters to
central labor bodies and provincial fed-
orations of labor in Canada. Every
charter issued by the congress to locnl
unions in Canada makes it thnt much
more difficult to combat the "made
in Canada" Bpecies of unionism and
cement the ties of internntiontlism. The
Trndes nnd Labor Congress of Canada
should let up on chartering locnl unions
and confine its attention to legislative
matters. There is plenty of work for
it to do, without injecting itself into
things foreign to its aims and objects.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doort
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Pbone: Fair. 447
It is reported that tho Swedish sol
diers are becoming strongly in sympathy with the working people and the
probabilities are growing stronger that
a replica of the Russian revolution is
about duo in Sweden. Of course there
is no immediate danger of our British
and Canadian soldiery becoming inoculated with any such .ridiculous tendency. Breaking up public meetings
that are not to their masters' liking
is more in their line.
The poor old News-Advertiser, in
speaking of the great (f) conscription
meeting at the Horse Show building
last week, says "the big crowd . . . .
felt the want of a gentle warmth." We
understood that it was a rather chilly
affair, but would not go quite so far as
to assort that both management and
audience had cold feet. But now that
tho News-Ad. so plainly infers it we
nro quite willing to accept it ns a fact.
Such authority is plenty good enough
for us.
The poor old News-Advertiser, poor
even in spirit, finds much solnco for
its wearied soul in tho chocring news
that cometh from. Winnipeg, thnt tho
Bricklayers' and Masons' union of thnt
city, in solemn and conclave assembled,
did reject, "by a largo majority," an
anti-conscription resolution which hod
beon submitted to it. This pleasing
message did so "warm thc cockles"
of the editorial heart, that spontaneous
combustion flarod forth in a ten-line
flash of joy that these bricklayers and
masons" had thus stripped the mask
of pretense from "cortain labor representatives" who had presumed to "condemn the military moasuro" upon be-
hnlf of organizod labor. We know
nothing of the naturo of the "resolution" referred to, except of its "a'nti"
character. But when tho numorical
strength of the bricklayers and masons
is taken into consideration, ns compared to that of tho workers outside
of that ancient and honorable organization, tho tremendous significance of
thoir "anti" attitudo is borne home to
us with a weight that is positively
ovorwhelmning, All of which loads us j
to the reflection that to the poor in
spirit mere trifles may loom large upon
the horizon of hope; the "wish mny,
indeed, be fathor to the thought," or
even its grandfather, for that matter,
and even a wee bit of unction mny
soothingly lard a wearied soul, provided
thc spirit remain poor, and tne faith
be lusty, and of robust proportions.
Bacon, sliced, per lb 30c
Ayrshire Bacon 30c and 35c
18 lbs. B. C. Sugar. fl.fi
Slater's Tea, lb 30c
Slater's Coffee, lb 26c
Apex Jam, lib. tins 46c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for.... 25c
Evaporated Milk 10c
Jallo, 3 for B5c
McDonald's Pork and Beans 10c
Delivery to All Parti
131 Haatinge Bt East   Bey. 3262
830 OranviUe St.     Bey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
Sou-Van Milk
Should ha la the home of everr
Fair. 2624
An Oversight.
The article headed "Kept Government Declared to be Moribund," appearing on page threo of this issue,
was inadvertently not credited to The
Voice, Winnipeg, ns it should be.
Thoro is no occasion for the conscript
slaves of modern democracies to throw
out thoir chests and put on dog over
the fclicitious circumstance of their
happy lot in being thus dragnetted into
servico in tho cnuse of liberty. Conscription is no new device for conserving liberty and extending democracy.
Tho pyramids of Egypt were built
some thousands of years ago by conscript Jews and tho worlof has been
made safe for the same brand of democracy, evon unto this dny. The adding of a Prussian touch to it cannot
mako it much safer.
lesH in thc matter of thrusting tho yoko
of Prussian militarism upon the necks
of the people of Canada. It needs but
one step farther in the usurpation of
authority for tho parliament of Canada
to bo abolished and the farce of democracy and liberty be brought to a
close. Thc rule of the knout, the sabre
and the machine gun looms threateningly in the near future, if the impudent
usurpation of power by the political
tools and criminal agents of reaction
and tyranny is allowed to pursue its
reckless courso in stifling democracy
and throttling liborty. If there was
any virtuo in our professed devotion to
democracy, if our love for liberty and
our hatred of tyranny nnd oppression
was unything above tbo level of mere
[lip-service, that disreputable gang of
' tricksters and cheap and nasty adventurers at Ottawa would have been
driven from power at its first usurpation of power, for any purpose whatever. "Eternal vigilance is the price
|0f liberty." Indifference to the doings
of thoso to whota authority may hnve
been delegated, and supine submission
powcrful,.it no longer can depend upon
domocracy for support, but upon thc
contrary, that very democracy which it
conjured forth us an aid in its earlior
struggles against the feudal nobility,
has now becomo a source of danger to
its continued existence. Hence, all
capitalist influence becomes reactionary. It welcomes the arrival of tho
opportune moment to throttle democracy and strip it of its power to do
mischief to the ruling clnss interests,
The war afforded the opportunity and
right nobly have the big dominant
capitalist interests of all the so-called
democratic nations risen to the occasion und become zealous in stripping
the common herd of its rights and
privileges and reducing it to a condition of conscript slavery. Thia haa
been done in the dear old "motherland," and it has been done with a
vongeanco that is most convincing. It
has been done in New Zealand, and
that most thoroughly. It iB well on ita
wny in the United States and is being
pushed .forward as rapidly as duo caution and careful judgment will permit.
President Gompers has been energetically protesting to Secretary of War
Baker, against the use of troops as
guards for strikebreakers at some
Newark, N. J., plant, where the workers nre on strike. Can it bo that the
good man, sitting as he does in auch
close council with the war authorities
at Washington, does not yet know what
soldiors are for? Does he think they
are merely to'look atf If they are
not maintained for the purpose of protecting the masters' interests by holding riotous slaves in subjection, what
in the douce are they for! Labor
leaders ought to be better informed. At
least, one would think ao.
Sey. 3120      638 Heatings St W.
SM u tad nn men,.
Tbe Jtnrii Electric Co., Ltd.
S70 Blcherdi Street
Hem.tltcbln-t, button, covered, .cal*
lopping, button hole., pinking, .ponging and ekrinklng, lettering, pleot edging, pleating, niching, embroidery,
613 Oruvilla St. 1319 Dnulaa St.
Phon. Sfflj 8181 Phon. 11»0
Wnr haa placed itB withering curse
upon another hitherto sound and well-
established American industry. That
grand old congressional "pork barrel,"
tho "rivcrB and hnrborg Bill" has this
year been "shaved to the bono" and
™,"fork" industry all but killed.
With dry creek channels remaining un-
dredged, inland harbors unimproved
and country crossroad villages left
without imposing -postofflce buildings,
the countryside will be swept with Buch
a withering blast of curses and blind
fury from an eiasporated peasantry,
that many a political hope will be Irretrievably wrecked and many a politicnl fortune lost. And thus doos war
lay its heavy toll, not only upon hu-
Oet boar and have your old blejrole
made like new. We will enamel and
make your wheel look Ilk* new from
16.60 ap.   All kinds of repair, at
S1I-61I How. Hutlngi 411
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furnihire Co. Ltd.
41 Hutlngi Btreet Weit
Refined Servioe
One Block weit of Court Home.
Uie of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to ell
Telephone Seymour Sits
Phone Se^. MM   IMS Oranvllle
BOOTE Auto Top Co.
Poultry Wanted
Phono  Stymour  1097
 910 Granville at
Lahor Temple Preu    Ser. WO
""Has your union subscribed in a
body for Th Federationist t If not,
why not do so at next meeting! Only
*1 a year each.    Pay monthly.
by British
The firip o£ J. LECKIE & CO.,
Ltd., is making street shoes for
men, who live in the towns and
cities; business men, professional
men, artisans, etc.
They are made with the same
care and skill that have made
LECKIE'S' heavy service boot
for the logger, miner, rancher,
laborer, etc., famous throughout
Canada; only, of course, they are
in lighter weights and moro fashionable lasts for city wear.
Sixteen different models to
choose from, in black and tan,
and with or without "Neoli'n"
"LECKIE" stamped on overy
pair, but the quality goes IN before the name goes ON—that's a
omouL tana nm oetv
.1    .1.   I*1
ttttar)        $i.«W»ERYEAR
Mechanics won't
use defective tools-
-they know they won't do proper work.
M EITHER will your teeth do their work properly if they are defective.
l~You can't expect to msitloBte your food properly with defective or
missing teeth, and more thin can a carpenter do good work with a saw
whioh Ib dull or has a tooth broken.
THE carpenter lays his saw aside and g*ts a new one. Tom can't do
1 that with your teeth. Nature only gives one aet for a lifetime, and
it is up to you tu take care of them.
pOME tb my ofllce and let me examine your teeth.   It will then be pos-
v-' alble for me to tell you how their defects may be remedied.
Offlce open Tuesday .and Friday evenings.
Phone appointments mtde fer examinations.
- Dr.firett Atyievsoij
Crown and Bridge Specialist —
602Hastings $t. West
Comer Seymour Stout    *
811ITS—Splondid  selection,  in   variety  of styles,  including  Norfolk,
Sports, Pinclibnck mid others; up-to-date tweeds, serges, eti\; 3 to 18
years,   All prices.
BLOOMER AND KNEE PANTS—Nuvy or brown velvet; sorges, tweeda,
cord amy, white serge nnd white duck, khaki cotton drill, etc, 3 to 18
JERSEYS—CQtton, cashmere and worsted, ribbed and plain knit; navy,
brown, green, white, etc.   Sizes 20 to 32.
UNDERWEAR—Stockings, shirts, overalls and every requisite for boys'
WHITE SAILOR SUITS—Detachable nuvy cuffs and collars; Becond
shipment to hand for < 12,50
TeL Sey. 702 309 te 316 Hutlngi Street Weit
Phene Sey. 2207.
Iceless Refrigerators
The kind that overy union man
should have. Simplicity, efficiency and
economy combined with a money saver
are the principal features of
670 Richards Street
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.: 018 View Street.  Pbone, 1269.   Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Bond.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. 0.: Greenhouses snd Nursery on C. P. B.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrub), Pot Planta, Seedi,
Out Flowen and Funeral Emblems
Main Store and Begistered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. 0,
4S Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988*072.
Branch Store, Vancouver—-728 Granville Street.   Phone Seymour 9S13
Established 1891
John J; Banfield
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
327 Seymour St Phone Seymonr 168
The Sign USE
Lard        Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
For your kitchen, Wellington nut.
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump... 8.00
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump	
Comox Nut >. .:	
Comox Pea	
... 7.00
... 5.00
(Try our Pea Ooal for you underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
r   ZIO
looi kXnr atmbt
Owners Still Stubbornly Refuse to Accede to Demands of Men
Mines Now to Be Operated
By Order of Dominion
THE COAL MINEBS of tho Crown
Nest Valley, in southern Britiah
Columbia and Albert*, under the jurisdiction of District 18, U. M. W. of A.,
so far as can be learned at tbe time
of writing, are still idle, awaiting a
decision of tho recently-named official
of the foderal govornment. Despite nil
obstacles placed in the way of the coal
miners, by their own international officers, mino owners and the government,
the miners aro standing pat, determined
to win, once and for all, the recognition they deserve.
Commissioner Green's Beport.
The report of Mr. B. P. Green, commissioner for the federal government,
which probably has much to do with
subsequent action, reads:
Calgary, Alberta,
Juno Kith, 1017.
The Policy Committee,
United Mine Workers   of  America,
District No. 18,
Calgary, Alborta.
Gentlemen:—After many conferences
with the operators nnd yourselves, I
finally officially asked the operators to
opetf their mines on the terms of the
tentative agreement, with the following changes: First—That an all-round
increase of seven and one half per cent.
be added to tho Wage scale. Secondly
—That the penalty clause be eliminated from the agreement. Thirdly —
That they would ngreo that a Commission bo appointed consisting of a man
chosen by the operators, one man
chosen by the minors, and one appointed by the government, who shall, four
months from April 1st, 1017, and every
succeeding four months thereafter, if
asked by either party, inquire into the
cost of living as to the inerease or decrease thereof, and adjust the wage
scale as may bo found necessary by
such increase or decrease.
The operators replied in effect that
they would submit to the proposed in-
creuse in the wage scale.
That thoy would agree to the appointment of a tribunal for the adjustment of the wage scnle during the period of the agreement.
Tbat they would not agree to the
elimination of the penalty clause	
As my letter to them contained a
request to eliminate the penalty clause,
they must therefore decline to accede
to said request. As tho operators have
refused to carry out my instructions I
am thereforo reporting to the government, through the minister of labor, as
"Requested operators open up their
properties on tentative agreement negotiated with miners, Increasing tho
wage scale seven and one half per cent.
ull around, eliminating penalty clause
and providing for u commission consisting of three mon, ono to be chosen by
the operators, one to be chosen by the
miners, and onc appointed by the government, who would, four months nfter April 1st lust and ench succeeding
four months, ut tho -fequest of either
party, enquire into the increased or do-
creased cost of living, and adjust the
wage scale to fit. This, th* Policy Com
mittee agreed to advise tho mei to ac
cept. The operators have refused to
operute under theso conditions. They,
in effect, agreed to accept them nil but
the elimination of thc penalty clauso
nnd the Policy Committee absolutely
refuses to recommend the men to return
to work unless penalty clause is eliminated. The operators having refused to
accede to my request, there is, in my
opinion, nothiag left to do but for the
government to tako such notion in thc
premises as they see fit."
Yours faithfully,
(Sgd.) R. F. GREEN,
Commissioner for the Government
of Canada.
District 18 Officers' Statement.
After receipt of Commissioner
Green's report, the exocutive of District 18 prepared and sent out the following statement:
has enlarged its dining room
capacity to 135. We arc
now operating the Castle
Hotel dining room in conjunction with the Orpheum
Cafe, known as Vancouver's
specialty cafe. Union cooks
of the first-class; d&y and
762 OranviUe Street
(Oopy.) j
United Mine Workers of America.
Calgary, Alta., June 18th, 1917.
To the Officers and Members,
District No<vl8. Utiited Mine
Workers of America.
Gentlemen:—On Tuesday, the 5th
inst., we, the policy committee of District 18, U. M. W. of A., entrusted with
the direction of all the affairs of the
District connected with the strike situation existing here, were summoned
to Calgary to meet Mr. Greea, the Commissioner representing the government
in thiB matter. The day following we
had a conference with him and laid before him the demands of the miners we
represented, stating the reasons for
those demands, and all the circumstances in connection therewith, also informing him that we desired a resumption of work at the mines at the earliest possible/date on these terms and
conditions, indicating our willingness
to submit those demands nnd reasons
thereforo to the closest scrutiny, relying on the justice and moderation of
our claims, the sacrifices Ave ure making, taking into consideration the reductions in wages we have suffered
sinco April 1915, the date of the making of oar last agreement, through tho
phenomenal rise in the cost of living
(we would especially draw attention to
the fact that the cost of living hns gone
up 90 per cent, since thc present contract prices wero fixed) to the mind of
any fair-minded person. Since thot date
we have hnd sovernl conferences with
Mr. Green, and at his suggestion modified the demands of tlie men and made
many important concessions in the interest of the public, with the hope of
securing industrial peace, until finally
we were in complete accord with bis
idea of what is a fair proposition to
ull concerned, the public, the operators,
and the miners. Imagine our surprise
when, nfter having mado these concessions, we were informed thnt the operators who had insisted that they were
willing to accept the intervention of
the government, defying public opinion, with no consideration for the welfare of the country, the cause of the
empire, nrrogantly refused to reopen
the mines on these terms and conditions, insisting on inserting a clause
in the agreement that would make veritable slaves of us, compelled to aiiffer
humiliation and degradation at the
hands of their petty bosses, subject to
penalties for causes never contemplated
in the law, and which seeks to penalize
union men only und exempt non-union
We ure still wilUng to recommend
to our people that they return to work,
immediately, under the terms of settlement as worked out by tho represent!.-
tive ef the govornment. And are willing thnt the public should pass judgment now that alt parties are out in the
open, as to who it is that is defying
the government, and would sucriflco the
cause of democracy nnd freedom for
greed of gain.
On behalf of District Committee,
Yours fraternally,
The Latest Move.
. Dnily press dispatches from Ottawa
state that a new Moses hns boon
named by the government to lend nil
concerned out of tho wilderness of in
netivity urid chaos. The latest "com
mlssloncr" or something of the sort is
■n Mr. Armstroag, ono of a Vancouver
firm who constructed the Main street
bridge over False Creek with non-union
labor, with no other outstanding qualities of sufficient interest to note here.
Certainly he will havo a "phut" time
trying to do for tho mine managers
what thoy were seemingly unable to do
for themselves. But timo will tell, nnd
Thc Fedorationist has no idea of offering any discouragement.
Operation May Be Arranged.
Commissioner Armstrong hns ordered the mine operators to resume operations of thc mines at once, says a
dispatch from Cnlgary on Wednesday.
The direction was issued under the nuthority given to Mr. Armstrong by the
order-in-council to the various mine owners! in District 18, to open up the mines
forthwith upon conditions and rates on
the basis of tho tentative ngreement
with the elimination of thc penalty
clnuse und the addition of 7 1-2 per
cent, on thc scheduled wage and the
provision ns to adjusting wages iu tlie
future us arranged by R. F. Green,
M.P,, and sot forth above.
The Miners Understand.
Observes the Winnipeg Voice: It is
quite evident thnt the miners of the
west nre not going to work with a elrfb
over their head. They renlizo that with
conscription and u penalty clauso for
lnying off would mean that they would
hand themselves body and soul over
to thoir musters. The miners work underground, but they hnve more insight
in economics than a tot of those people
who work in daylight aud imagine that
they are the salt of the earth while
really thoy are pawns of their masters
to do their bidding.
Interesting Speculations As
to the Future of Our
Kept Press and Pulpit Cling
Tenaciously to Tail of
..Golden Calf
CONSCRIPTION f Ref ereoduta f
Election? Laurier declares that
tho government is moribund and has no
power to enforce conscription. Laurier
may be constitutionally right, but the
big intorests ran this country, not the
people, otherwise wo might have n government thut would look after tho interests of tho people. The working
class now fully realize thut democracy
in Canada is a dead Iettor, Tbe right
of free speech is challenged and a free
press is a thing of the past. The censor is the big noise. The situation at
Ottawa is of very vital import to the
people of this Dominion. The question
of whether Canada is a democracy in
which the people have a voice or—a
moribund govornment that has neglected the people's interests and would use
party rule to inflict an autocracy of
Capital over the people. Whatever way
the result of the conscription bill goes
its reflex on tho country will be far-
reaching not only for the present time,
but more so for the future. Tho fate
of the bill means—Democracy or Autocracy. It is very interesting and enlightening to thc workers to Bee the
capitalist press and pulpit nil pulling
for the conscription of flesh nnd blood
und loave wealth to come as an aftermath.   Oh! yo sacred Golden Calf.
Hugh Guthrie in his speech in the
house in support of the bill, said he
hoped that parliament does not think
lightly of the flesh and blood of the
people of Canada, that we will take one
and dare not touch the other and
quoted Thomas Hood's famous and immortal quotation: "O God, that wealth
should be so deur, und flesh and blood
so cheap!" Borden's conscription bill
upholds wealth against flesh and blood.
Tho fact that the police forbid an
open-air anti-conscription meeting, und
that the press proclaimed the fnct did
uot deter thousands from attending the
Market Squnrc. If the meeting had
been held it would hnve been the largest gathering ever held in thia city.
Those in charge of the meeting had everything in rendincss to conduct an
orderly meeting and had an attempt
been made to disturb thc meeting it
would havo been promptly squelched.
The widows aud mothers of the heroes
who havo died in defence of their country nre now demonstrating that tho
country shall at least give them and
their children enough to live in something like a decent condition. This cry
of sacrifice, sounds good, but it will not
keep tho wolf from tho door of these
dependents, and whilo the government
still wants sacrifice of flesh and blood
what about money to hnnd to heroes'
dependents ns a poor recompense for
the sacrifice these men have made. It
is thc people's duty to see that justice
is done despite the big interests at Ottawa.
Over Twenty New Members Initiated
at Last Meeting and More
Coming Up.
The Shipyard Laborers' union is another of tho local organizations which
gives promise of becoming it factor in
the local trnde union movement nt no
distant date. More than 20 new members wero initiated at lust meoting.
One of the first things the new union
decided to do, of course, wns to affiliate with the central lnbor body, nnd
whut a number of unions have fniled to
do, insert n union directory curd in The
Fed. In fact, it is within tho rnngo of
possibilities that the Shipyard Labor-
era' may put on a business agent to
look after and build up thc local. With
the taking over of the Wnlluce shipyards at North Vnncouver by the big
Lyull interests and tho oxtensivc shipbuilding program ahead of the new
firm, not to mention tho dozens of
smaller concerns along Burrurd inlet
and Falso creek, nn opportunity is presented for building up nn important
union among a clnss of men who need
the protection of orgnnlzcd labor to
maintain a decent stundard of working
and living conditions. Thc new union
is cburtered, like nearly nil the unions
in Vancouver, by tho American Fedora*
tion of Labor, tlie parent international
trade union body oa this continent.
Thia means that in ense of real industrinl trouble there will be strike benefits available.
Resignation of President Hoop Necessitates   a   Referendum
Owing to the resignation of W. H.
Hoop, Winnipeg, us president of the
Federated Association of Letter Curriers, through his ultimate severance
from the service as n letter carrier, the
following members have been nominated tu fill the vacancy: Vice-president
A. Victor Beaupre, Montreal; Robert
Wight, Vancouver; Christian1 Sivertz,
Victoria. In the event of the former
being elected, the following were nominated for the vice-presidency: W. MacDonald, Hamilton; Alex. D. Campbell,
Edmonton; Robert Wight, Vnncouver;
Christian Sivertz, Victoria. Tlie nominations and election are confined to
the delegates who attended thc recent
Vancouver convontion.
How about it? Are you afraid to
take a stand for what you know is
right, or are you waiting to see what
some one else does, or do you fear the
loss of u friend f
Wc will have tin important announcement to make next issue.
-    —is—
by our own girls
If your dealer doesn't carry Carhartt's
Overalls, he doesn't think much of you.
Pure Milk r Union Labor
Tilt milk supplied by thit
dairy is pure in every sense of
tbe word.
AU the bottles end utensils
used by this dairy ere thoroughly
Our milk supply eomse from
the Freser Valley-
Our dairy equipment severs ill
known eppUtneea for the proper
treatment end sanitary handling
of milk.
Service for the Masses
On Dominion Day, Canada's National holiday, tens of thousands of persons will use
the street cars to reach the bathing beaches,
parks and pleasure resorts.
Women and children will be carried from
distant parts of the city to fresh air and
frolic for a very low fare.
The B. C. Electric will prepare for any
number of people who will be abroad on the
holiday—the accommodation of these people itself will be a heavy task.
These are features of the street railway
system that have proved it to be necessary
to Vancouver: CHEAPNESS, OBLIGAr
In order to assure Vancouver of a continuance of this transportation service, the
people must make conditions such that it is
possible for the company to operate.
Give your support to the street railway in
the paying service if you wish the non-paying service.
(^escUnc PAGE FOUR
 June 29, UI
C/tarn/ yc—*- w*'
OwUo£ OlAjWTLf
Visit the Beauty Spots
Near Vancouver
By The
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Frequent train service from North Vancouver to the following places of interest:
CYPRESS PARK Round Trip 35c
CAULFIELDS       "       "  35c
EAGLE HARBOR  :    "       "   40c
LARSON'S RANCH __    "       "   50c
HORSESHOE BAY  .....    "       "  50c
Excellent accommodation for picnic parties.  For further
particulars phone Sey. 9547.
Passenger Dept.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
your grocer-
Ten him you want NABOB tea.
None other will do.  You'll never
regret your first pound of Nabob.
Vancouver, B, 0.
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BED), Proprietor
Manufacturers ot
OBce ua Works: Tenth StreM        NBW WEBTIONSIBB, B. 0.
Lay Off One Day to Consider
General Strike in Case
of Conscription
Manifest Strong Opposition
to Scheme of Canadian
Military Junkers
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
For Sale Everywhere.
Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
3118 Alberts Bt., Vancouver, B. O.
2 for 25c 3 for 26c
Who will take a prominent part In the powerful play to be presented at the Empress
theatre, week ol July 2.
[By Walter Head]
*-* 25.—Tuosday wbb au idle day in
South Wellington, cuusod by tbo apathy
of Bome of our memborB in not attending important meeting*. The wine
managers were sore ut tho mon taking
a holiday at such a busy timo. They
put up the plea that it seemed unfair
thnt they hud to be penalized, boing
the only company on the island whose
mon were organized. On the face, it
is hardly just to a compnny which
hus givon its employees tho sohiblanco
of a square doal. The men huve tho
privilege of advertising meetings at
tho pithead; cnn take u ballot on union
mutters at any convenient time uud in
general enjoy many boonB thut are not
extended elsowhero iu this kaiser-ridden
coal mining district. And it is only
fair to the company to treat it with
a little consideration. Not thnt I hold
any brief for any capitalist corporation, but simply realize that the various
men who are placed in charge of operations are only working men, like ourselves, and seem to be working in a
fnir degree of harmony with the men
who nre working in unofficial positions, i.e., tho common herd, the rabble.
Miners Took ft One-Day Lay-off.
However, the men showed their solidarity by laying off to a man, to tako
a vote on a mattor of vital interest.
The vote was proceeded with without
any palaver, and the proposition, to
give the executive of the B, C. F. of L.
power to call a genernl strike in the
event of conscription being enforced,
carried by a vote of 133 to 108. For
the benefit of thoso yapping journalists who are bo ready to belittle and
vilify any move, on the part of the
workers, to put a sprag in the wheel
of our own Prussian militarists, let it
be said that tho great majority of
men who voted were British-born; men
who hate militarism in all ita forms,
aud hate Prussian militarism us much
as any other.
Nanaimo Anti-Conscription Meeting.
An invitation was extended to the
men to attend au anti-conBcription
meeting in Nanaimo in tho evening. It
was pointed out thnt some of the
"slackers," mouth patriots, etc., would
possibly bfl-expected to try to break
up that mooting. So a numbor of men
decided to go to Nanaimo and light if
necessary for the right to hold a peaceful meeting. Tho meoting was called
to order by Mr. James Hodgkinson,
who briefly reviewed tho activities of
some of the so-called patriots who have
been so anxious to be brave with somebody else's life. Ho dwelt upon the
members of the Nanaimo city couneil,
who had moved the resolution favoring
conscription, one of them being a man
who would never be called upon to
shoulder a gun, and the other a man
whose environment makes him a militarist. He owns a gun-shop, is a budding munition maker, an armament ring
in embryo. The sky pilots came in for
some criticism. Jimmy wanted to know
way they shouldn't go to the front, seeing that they were so well prepared to
enter the realms of glory,
Joe Naylor was the next speaker introduced. Ho stated that his presence
at the meeting was accidental, being on
his way home from Powell river. His
position was one of uncompromising opposition to militarism, and all ruling
class wars. Ho was pleased to bo numbered among the "ignoble 28" who at
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada convention at Vancouver, stood'by
tho position of engaging only in the
class war. He drew attention to the
report of the delegation of lubor men
who investigated conditions in Germany before the war, whioh showed
that the conditions of the workers
there were, if anything, a little better
than elsewhere; that is, the amount of
real wages was greater. It also showed that the German educational bvs-
torn was better thun in England. Will
Crooks was one of the deputation who
made that roport, und the same Crooks
flopped over whon thc war began and
insisted that Germany was everything
Continuing, Joe said thut men who
favored conscription were not truo patriots. Conscription meant slavery, and
thc inauguration of the vory thing that
was claimed to be tho function of tho
allies to overthrow, viz., Prussian militarism, which would commence with
tho inauguration of conscription.
In conclusion, Joe spoke on tho referendum, asking the Nanaimo mon
what they were going to do in the
event of a general strike being called.
He finished up with a plea for support for the press published in the interests of the workers, telling them
there was no need to buy capitalist
papers, as with the cessation of working class support, capitalist papers
would be distributed free.
"Fed." Correspondent Speaks.
Tho next speaker was your humble
servant. As tny views aro fairly well-
known through the columns of this
family journal, it is not necessary to
George Hardy was next introduced
and ho delivered a convincing address,
stating plainly that he did uot need to
argue from the standpoint of socialism,
as there were many reasons, apart
from tbe socialist philosophy, against
conscription. He snowed that militarism never aided evolution, in fact that
it retarded it; that progress must come
simultaneously in all countries; no section of the human rnce can travel far
along the road of progress alone; that
previous to the war, surplus value did
not nccumulate so rapidly in Germany.
He also showed that no empire ever existed for long after involuntary servitude was instituted. Koine fell after
slavery was adopted, when attacked by
barbarian hordes whose one thought
was lovo of lenders who woro voluntarily fighting for what thoy thought
was right. Othor ancient empires fell
in the same manner when soldiers were
slaves instead of volunteers. He noxt
dealt with the revolutionary feeling
prevalent throughout the warring na
tlons, and stated that the German workers only stood behind the junkers because they feared the luat of domination of the allied countries. Quotations
from allied statesmen wero quoted in
support of this contention.
Mr. Hardy made tho statement thnt
many returned soldiers feared tho motives back of conscription, thinking
possibly that it was a move to create
an amy to deal with after-the-war problems, when thousands of trained fighters would bo thrown into society and
would be inclined to fight for the justice that they would not get. It was
claimed that industrial conscription
was the aim of the powers that be. Mr.
Hardy then put tho question; "All in
favor of conscription say 'Aye/ " and
not a blent, but when the noes were
taken there wns a roar. The meeting
voted practically unanimously for a
general strike in case the measure wub
enacted into law.
ton; F. KnowleB, Vancouver; C. Sivertz,
Victoria; B. Wight, Vancouvor.
Congress Delegates.
Eastern District—A. Victor Beaupre,
Montreal; D. J. T. Chateauvert, <Jue:
bee. Central District—B. H. Cox, Toronto: H. J. Dilworth, Hamilton; A. McMordie, Toronto. WeBtera District —
Wm. Hammond, Winnipeg; A. J. Bird,
Vietoria; Fred Knowles, Vancouver;
Alex, D. Campbell, Edmonton.
Holidays for Temporary Carriers.
The persistent efforts of the Federation to secure holidays for temporary
carriers who are working in place of
enlisted members, has at last borne
fruitful results. Information has been
received that these men will be granted
leave with pay at the rate of a dollar
and a half per day for* each month they
have been at work, not, however, to
exceed in all 18 days. Leave only allowed in cases where a man haB been
employed not less than six months. This
incident should dispose of the argument that some temporary men have
used, namely, that as they have no
guarantee of a permanent appointment,
the Federation cannot assist thom in
any way, and thoy should not therefore
bo askod to become membors and pay
dues at the rato of 50c por mouth.
Delivered to and from
all Boats, Trains, and any
part of the oity.
by Experts
Pianos Moved
and Hoisted
Storage ^Packing
Phone ua day or night
Seymour 606 and 405
Great Northern
O. N. Bailway
Main Street
flood Attendance and Much Business
Done—Election of Federation
Officers and Delegates.
VICTORIA, B.C., Juno 27.—Tlie last
regular meeting of the local branch
of the Letter* Carriers was ono of the
best attended in recent months, in spite
of tho carmen's strike. Pres. Pretty
found all officers lu their places.   Ap*
Sltcatlons for   membership   from   B.
rawford, returned soldier, was received aud accoptod.
Tho executive had, by roquest, endorsed and forwarded by lettergram, a
petition from the acting superintendent, requesting legislation recognising
that position officially and allowing remuneration commensurate with its importance and responsibilities.
Oongress Delegate Candidates.
In view of the active campaign that
is being put ap by the branches having candidates for western Canada to
tho Trades and Labor Congress in the
fiold, the committeo recommendod the
payment of printing, etc., ot cards for
Bro. Bird, a number being forwarded
to each branch. Tho report, with thc
recommendation, was adopted..
Increase ln Fay Promised.
In a lotter from the goneral secretary,
tho branch was informed that an increase in the pay of the letter carriers
was promised. While tho amount was
not stated, provision will be made for
same in the supplementary estimates.
Federation Electing Officers.
Fivo offices are boing filled in tho
Fedoration at present. The office of
presidont and vice-president ore being
ballotted on by the dolegates attending the Vancouver convention lost Aug*
UBt, and three representatives of the
Federation to the Trados and Labor
Congross, to bo held in Ottawa next
For this representation, tho Dominion is divided inVo threo divisions: the
Western district comprising British
Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and
Manitoba; tho Central district consisting of Ontario; and the Eastorn district Including Quebec and the Maritime provinces.
Tho delegates to tho Congress arc
voted ou by the entlro membership.
Candidates nominated are:
Prosldent, A. Victor Beaupre, Montreal; 0. Sivortz, Victoria, nnd B.
Wight, Vancouver.
Vice.prosidont: W. McDonald, Unroll-
Thank you, ono und all, Union Mon,
for tho support you have given us. It
is just because you want it that wo
are ablo to huve a Carhartt Overall
Factory here, and u Uuion Shop. Wo
cortainly appreciate tho way you aro
demanding the Carhartt goods from tho
Bome of our vory good union friends
have been telling us thut the dealers
are trying to work off thoir Eastern*
mado stock, saying it is just as good,
etc., or that wo do not make the sizes
here—but this will not fool any of you.
Wo mako all tho regular Carhartt Hues
und overy sizo from 32 to 52 and big*
ger if you want it, so your doaler
should certainly huve your sizo in tho
overall you ask for, or olsc he doosn't
think euough of your businoss for you
to help him with your patronage.
Keep up the good work: All tho
dealers who are loyal enough to you to
patronize goods made by our own folks
with the Union Labol should havo your
size iu the bib overall and coat, in blue,
black or blue stripe, and blue or black
reinforced pant overall, double seat and
knees, just liko two overalls for the
price of ono. It is the right and privilege of every workor to stand firm
with ovory other worker—help each
other get work, and muke workers'
conditions better. So wo must all
stand together to make more work for
our brother und sister workers in our
own West.
If your doaler hasn't got tho Carhartt he doosn't think much of you.—
So popular because it's so good. Cascade is brewed of the
highest grade B. 0. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the public
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material baok of it.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Grund Trunk "earnings" for the
third weok of June ahow nn increase
of $288,984 ovor tho corresponding
week of last year. On with the wnr.
Let joy be uueonfined.
M. E. McCOI, Manugor
If lt la not call np tha
or drop a card to our office, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Seymonr 2483
Wherever you find Ford cars and Ford service, you find SATISFIED FORD OWNERS—men who appreciate the car for its
quick starting, its easy control, its simplicity and its extraordinary capacity for hard work.
The phenomenally large sale of Ford cars is the direct result of
Ford satisfaction is as prevalent as thc Ford car itself.   Doctors, lawyers,
salesmen, tradesmen, grocers, .farmers and mechanics all praise the Ford—all"
arc satisfied.
Its low first cost appeals to them. Its unusually low upkeep cost pleases them.
Its sturdy, steady, service-giving character wins them and satisfies them.
Even tho wealthy prefer to drive Ford cars rather than bother with the costly,
cumbersome limousine and chauffeur. It means economy when "saving is a
national duty."
If you intend to buy a Ford, enquire about our easy payment plan, which enables you to pay for your car as you ride. A telephone call will bring our representative to demonstrate the car to you.
Seymour 1717 COR. BEACH AND HOWE STREETS ■■■■■■■■■■
...June 29, 1917
Work Trousers for Men
There nre no tougher or moro durable trousers than those. The man
on the ranch,(tha prospector, excavator—all men engaged in rough work
that calls for clothes of exceptional durability, will Bud theso trousers
all they could desire. Well cut, thoroughly stitched and equipped with a
full complement of pockets. All sizes.
COBDUKOY : '■ 13.90
2.00 and $2.25
One of the most durable trousers manufactured.  Conies in a neat grey
with black stripe.   Cannot be beaten by any work trouser.   All sizes.
A well-selootod stock hero that gives a man all the choice he could
wish, and the very best values possible in the present state of the
. COTTON TWILL GLOVES, with knit wrists, 2 pairs 25c; per pair.
HEAVY COTTON OLOVES, fleece-lined, pair.
HEAVY COTTON GLOVES, with gauntlet wrlBts	
OBEY CANVAS GLOVES, with mule palm and fingers...
ALL-LEATHEB GLOVES, with pigskin palm 	
trade for ;. _ 11.00
BUCKSKIN GLOVE, warranted genuine, for sterling wear $1,26
HORSEHIDE GAUNTLET GLOVES, at 11.00, $1,25, $1.50 and $1.75
We have the best values, bost stock and best variety of any store in
the city.   You will spond your money to best advantage here.
85c—Good roomy, heavy warp chambray shirts in plain groys, blues and
dark stripes.   This shirt is sold -wholesale today at $9.75 a dozen.
$1.00—Shirts in heuvy drills in khaki, tan, black and whito stripe and
. blues.   All fast colors and woll made.
$1.25 — Heavier shirts in Kentucky jeans, heavy galateas and heavy
Btrlpes and plain groys, tans aad engineer's blues.
—Men's Store, Main Floor
A full lin of Natural and White Bleached Panamas. The very
latest designs from New York, including that new Felt Brim
Panama. Shapes suitable for young and old at this exclusive
HAT store.
You will do well to come in and try one on. '
Fanames $4.00 and Up
Straws $1.60 to $4.00
61 Hastings Street East
The beauty of our cart He
in their safety
Tho big and important feature
that soils 80 many of our Made in
B. O. Baby Cars iB tho fact that
they are safe and durable. Designed on the most scientific lines,
we ubo the very finest materials
in their construction—we employ
men who know their business—
we offer the people of B. C. cars
wo are proud to sell.
We have Our English Style
Oars in many distinct styles/ and
at all prices from $19.75. Inspec*
tion invited. Out-of-town people
should write for our new catalogue—just out.
G. S. SHAW & CO.
904 Robson Street, Vancouver
The   World's  Greatest  Melodrama in
Motion Pictures
Produced on an elaborate and mammoth scale with
special effects.
300 Impressive Scenes
in this Mighty Thriller
Planned to eclipse all others—Sensation of two
Benefit Returned Soldiers
15c, 25c, 35c,
15c, 20c
"Every seat in the Orpheum is a good seat"
For the piBt twelve years manager for tho
Merchant!)' Bank of Canada In Vancouver,
and who will shortly leave the servioe of
the bank to take up new and important
duties as comptroller of the Whslon Pulp
and Paper Mills, Ltd, Mr. Harrison has
beon ln the service of the Merchants' Bank
In western Canada for about 25 years,
coming to Vancouver when the bank en*
ierod this field. Everywhere he has been
stationed he has mado his mark as a capable business man of exceptionally high
standard and, undor his direction the
Vancouver business of the Merchants'
Bank has mado great advances. Both in
banking circles and among the business
men of tho city his departure from lis
present position has brought expressions
of regret. These aro, however, mingled
with congratulations on his promotion to
his now and Important field of work, the
Whalen Pulp Co. having extensive pulp
and paper mill interests in Quatsino, Swanson Bay and Mill Greek, It Is prophesied that the connection of Mr, Harrison
with the organisation will go far to assure
tho success  of  the concern.
Th Now York Board of Trade and
Transportation, by unanimous vote of
its directors, hns approved a plan to
provide importation of Asiatic labor to
the United States to replace such
American farm labor ns may be drawn
upon in order "to make the world safe
for democracy." The devotion of the
"board" to tho cause of "democracy"
is thus established beyond question.
So frequent and brutal have become
the attempts of militiamen to break up
meetings of citizens to discuss war and
other public issues that Police Commissioner Woods, of New York city, has
promised to take steps to protect the
citizens in their legal right to hold such
meetinga. In many cases it has been
necessary for tho police to afford protection to women from the attacks of
drunken men in uniform,        ,
Electrical workers in the employ of
the Georgia Railway and Power Co.,
were forced to strike on account of the
discharge of union officials and other
active memberB. The company then
set out to destroy the union by procuring the indictment of the officers
and others under tho charge of "circulating literature calculated to incite
riot and insurrection.'' The grand
jury was mado up of power company
officials and corporation lackeys. Of
On Juno 16, thousands of women
•vera clubbod from the city hall at New
York, by the police. These women had
gathered as a protest against the forcible sonding of their boys to the
slaughter field s of Europe. They asked
for tho repeal of the infamous con<
scription law. A beating-up at tho
hands of thc polico wns the answer
they got in the country that is at war
for the purpose of "making the world
safe for democracy."
In the streets and at numerous halls
in the city of Now York on Friday
night, Juno .15, countless thousands
hissed and jeered the ruffians in military uniform who wore busily engaged
In trying to round up what is termed
"conscription slackers," that jb, persons who had not registered. Even with
MAY 20th to 25th
Entries open July 2nd,
1917, and will remain
open until 1000 entries
are received.
Don't leave it too late.
Write for prize list and
entry blanks.
214 Loo Building.
the aid of the police the attempt to
round them up was a failure. But the
beast of Prussian "kultur" is not yet
beaten, in "the land of the free and
the hotae of the brave."
Three hundred soldier and sailor
"hooligans" stormed tho I. W. W.
headquarters in Seattle on June 16, Six
shots were fired, presumably by the defense, and one heroic wearer of the uniform was dropped with a bullet in his
leg. The police arrested three soldiers,
two sailors and fifty I.W. W. members. AU were subsequently discharged
with the exception of 14 who were held
upon the charge of failure to register
for the safeguarding of H world democracy."  .
The Tennessee Bangers, an "organization to suppress race riots," is being
used to break the strike of several
thousand textile workers at Chattanooga. Many of the strikers are little
girls' employed in the mills in violation of the child labor law. Between
3,000 and 5,000 of the strikers are women and children. Terrible conditions
among the mill slaves have been revealed as a result of the publicity given
the strike. Injunctions have been obtained against the machinists, engineers nnd firemen's unions to prevent
thom aiding the strikers?
"It is up tb those who are opposed
to conscrlptive measures to suggest
some other way of sending help, immediate help, to tho Canadian boys now
on the battlefield. Until they do this
they niust bear the stigma of being
classed among the slackers." So declares the Forest Free Press. Quite
true, brother, quite true. And just to
show that we are no slacker, we beg
to suggest that all the howlers for conscription; the editorial pundits whose
chief talent seems to be the unsuffer-
able propensity to bawl out everybody
else as "slackors," the gabaters at
Ottawa, no matter what their political
complexion; the preachers, lawyers,
judges, tax and bill collectors and the
mayors, especially the mayor of Vancouver, be sent to the front immediately, if not sooner. We are no slacker.
We will cheerfully sacrifice the whole
bunch, as suggested above, upon the
altar of our country or any other that
could utilize their warlike proclivities.
Come again, brother, whenever you are
in need of further reinforcements.
The power to labor—labor power—is
a commodity that is bought and sold
in the market, just the same as are
other commodities. Its price is the
market expression of its exchange
value, as determined by the cost of its
production, regulated by the law of
supply and demand. In case of a scarcity of labor power in the market the
price lnay advance to a point in excess
of its true cost or exchange value. In
case of a supply of labor power in the
market in exceBB of the demand for it,
its price will sink even below its actual
cost of production or true exchange
value, no matter how many whereas's
and be it resolved, may be unanimously
carried with due and impressive solemnity by august assemblages of horny-
headed sons of toil. Nor yet again
though Mr. Samuel Gompers, the United
States Congress and the supremo court
of Podunk, Mass., affirm in happy concert and dogmatic unionson that "labor
is not a commodity," ad anuseum, ad
"The other day, in Washington, was
held a meeting of the committee on
labor of the advisory commission of the
Council of National Defense, of which
Oompers is chairman,'' says John Beed
in a recent issue of the Masses. "There
were present two other notable members of the committeo on labor, invited
to membership by Gompers—Daniel
Guggenheim and John D. Bockefeller,
Jr. This is a part of Bockefeller's
speech of thanks to Gompers, as reported in the daily press: 'It is a greot
pleasure to know increasingly the men
who largely represent the men and
women who work with their hands,'
said Mr. Bockefeller. 'I was brought
up to honor those who ao work, even
above those who work with their heads.
My father worked with his hands, and
has alwayB honored others who do so.
I wish that I might be considered the
friend of tho manual worker.' At
which the women and children burned
and shot to death at Ludlow and Ba*
yonne, the thousands of men who have
been the victims of Bockefeller law,
turned over in their graves. And as
for Gompers, with what deep-laid
scheme of circumventing capitalism
we know not, he sat there and listened
to that terrible and ludicrous speech
with pompous Belf-aatisfaction—he, the
head of organized labor in America,
chairman of a committee to safeguard
the rights of labor! Mr. Gompers is
seeing .it through all right, and we are
beginning to see through Mr. Gompers."   '
As Beported ln The Fed. Laet Week.
A local daily puts it this way: The
present touchy stato of tho labor market in these parts is not only reflected
in street car strikes, deckhands' strikes
and the belligerent attitude of the
longshoremen. The Oriental section of
the population of British Columbia yesterday decided to throw its hat in the
ring when, according to a report
brought to the city by coasting steamer
officers, the Japanese shinglebolt cut-
tors employed in the Howe Sound shinglebolt camps went out on strike for
an increase in wages of a dollar per
duy. They are now getting $2.50 per
Tho Whip" as lt played with phenomenal success hore ln Now York for a year,
was the bost example of spectacle melodrama
that London's famous home of melodrama,
Drury Laao, played for two years in London, the only spectacle that ever did, and
then for a year at the Manhattan Opera
House undor management of William A,
Brady. "The Whip" Is In eight big parts,
and each part has a startling dramatic situation, ranging from an automobile smash-
up to a railroad collision, a mob scene, and a
thrilling race, a real race, at tbe famous
Saratoga courso. Horses and dogs and ac*
tlon abound—something doing every minute
—and through all this runs a pretty love
story. "The Whip" is tho name of tho bost
racing maro over bred by old Judge Beverley, a gallant sportsman, who maintains a
whole establishment of thoroughbreds. The
affections of tho kindly old judge are dlv*
ided between bis beautiful and accomplished
daughtor. Diana, and this really flne racehorse. Into their lives come Hubert Bran-
castor, a young man of good family who lives
on a nearby estate; Baron Bartons, a bogus
nobleman, coming with a letter of introduction from Europe, and Mrs. D'Aquila, an
adventuress. The fortunes of Brsncaster bo-
come involved, through no fault of his own,
with these two swindlers on an ocean trip,
and he Is not at all cloar of them when he
meots and falls In lovo with Miss Diana.
They wish that lady to marry tbe bogus
Baron and they lay troubles thick and fast
In the path of young Brancaster. Real adventures follow, culminating in a wonderful
race at Saratoga of "Tho Whip."
Tbls wonderful feature picture will be
shown all noxt week at the Orpheum under
tho direction of Mr. Con Jones. AH profits
will be given to ths returned soldiers.
To membera of any anion in Canada a
special rate for Tha Fedsrationlst of |1
par year—If ft club of 10 or mora la srat
Who thla week succeeds W. H. Ker as Vancouver manager of the Brackman-Ker Milling Co,, Ltd., conducting one of the biggest flour and feed concerns In weitern
Canada. Mr, Corneille, who has been acting as sales manager for the company for
the past five years, was previously manager
of the Alberta Grain Co., the export grain
department of (he Brackman-Ker Milling
Co.. and haa been In Vancouver for some
eight years. Mr. Corneille bas also dabbled In the newspaper game, at one time
being on the reportorlal staff of the London, Ont., Free Press, and later editor of
the Brandon Times. While Mr. Ker la relinquishing the active management, after •
period of twenty years, he will atlll be associated with tbe eompany In an advisory
capacity. ***
Trades, and Labor Council.
Jane 24, 1892
John Bumble asked if a contractor
was allowed to sit in the trades council.
President Bartley said that there was
nothing in the constitution against it.
Delegate Franey of the bricklayers,
said there was no union work in the
city to amount to anything. Most of
the work was being done by scabs.
Delegate Walden asked what was being done to reinstate the card system.
President stated a committee was working on the matter, and appointed Delegate Walden on the committee.
Delegate Harry Cowan spoke at
length upon the vile stench arising from
the Chinese quarters on Dupont street.
Delegates Geo. Pollay, '' Dodger''
Green and Secretary Gagen appointed
to probe the health bylaws and report
on same.
The date of the next meeting fell on
July 1. Moved it be held on Saturday,
2nd. Amendment that Sunday, July 3
be the meeting. Amendment lost, vote
being 14 to 15.
Well, if your friends ate tne right
sort they will be glad to know that you
havo tne courage of your convictions.
No one cares for the namby-pamby,
wishy-washy wabbler.
Better be blunt to the point of rudeness and let people know where you
stand on questions involving a moral
standpoint than to be forever on the
fence, not knowing which way to jump.
20c ROLLER TOWRLL1KO-6 yards for $1.00
350 yards to sell at this price; pure linencrash, 17 inches wide,
and good stout weave; a wonder of value; 6 yards for....$1.00
Full 62 inches wide, with a beautiful linen finish and choice ,
assorted designs; the value of the season- yard    69c
Fifty of them only; so shop early to avoid disappointment.
Gome in size 63x83, in assorted patterns; very special value.
Friday, each  .$1.49
$6.00 SOILED BLANKETS, $189 Pair
Twenty-three pairs, only slightly soiled while on display; finished in singles with blue borders; good stout quality and
warm.   Regular $6.00 per pair, for.  $4.89 I
$1.00 WHITE BATH TOWELS, for 69c Pair
Nice for beaeh use; heavy white Turkish quality, in size 20x40,
with hemmed ends; very strong; quick dryers. Friday,
per pair, at _      69c
li^h^Bttdso^BouCompang. jjgt
L^V tmaamsma  rata     oavaam a smmJmT. smaa £__t_m ~     * _ff_ *
Granville and Georgia Streeta
What About a New Hat
for Dominion Day?
Why not get a HAT worth having, full of good* quality and
reflecting good taste? That's the kind of Bat we sell. There's
a breezy stylishness abou them that bring men i back here
season after season.
All the
Latest styles
All one
Black & White Hat Store
(Opposite Woodward's)
Evans, Colemari]& Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlee:
Seymonr 29S8
Seymoar 1
The Road to Success
IT'S sprprisiog to learn how
many people plod along Ufe'a
pathway with no definite aim in
They're willing to make "juat
a living"—and they go through
Ufe barely making that.
Any young man or woman with
good common sense, who is full
of energy and ambition, can succeed.   There's no doubt about it.
If you have an idea that somo
grim fate is holding you down—
that you arc eternally doomed to
bad luck, ill-fortune and puny
profits—just make up your mind
that the idea is wrong — all
Nobody is heldiag you back
but yourself.
YOU can hammer the Ufe out
of discouragements and failures.
Tou can choke the dayUght out
of that monster who is always
whispering "It can't be done."
Wo know because wo've tried it.
Maybe you havo nover been
shown the way. Maybe yon havo
novor had tho rood to success
pointed out to you.
We'ro going to show you—no
matter whero you live—no matter
if you 'vo been a failure so far all
your lifo—just how you can succeed. Wo can show you how a
very small account of money will
start you on tho road to financial
independence. „
We have the exclusive rlghta on this continent for certain principle!
of construction of large aeroplanes, such u used by the British Oovernment in aU its flying equipment whether Battleplanes, Biplanes or
We possess certain information ln connection with our' proposals
which can not be given hen. By writing to ua or calling us up at
phone Seymour 1677, we win make arrangements for you to meet Mr.
W. E. Walkden, a brother of the inventor and patentee of the aeroplane design and devices controlled by the company.
Don't lay thia advrtlsement to one side. Act on lta suggestion and
arrange for the Interview and
A Way to Success Will Be Opened
For You
Leitch & Taylor
309 Cambie St.
Sey. 1577 PAGE SIX
Neglect of your teeth
is little short of a crime-
A pain and trouble in the future unless it is given prompt
"NT defect in your teeth, no matter how slight, meanB
The defect in yoar teeth never grows less. It works night
und day, steadily growing jn extent and destructive work.
It does not stop at the single tooth, but spreads to other
teeth. f
That defect in your teeth goes farther than the teeth themselves. If allowed to go without attention it will affect your
general health. '
Oome to my offlce and ltt me examine your teeth. I will tell
you how the defects may be remedied so as to restore your
teeth to a proper condition and thua promote your health.
Dr.Wm. H.Thompson
602 Granville Street
Cor. Dunsmuir Private entrance
Phons Sty. 3314.
Arraoit with dental
mm   for   an   ap.
Will Reduce the
High Cost of Living
E* Price
South Wellington Coal
Dependable Paints
Spring Painting
We solicit your paint orders for your
Spring Painting. Onr stock of paints,
brushes, emanels, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
Look at the Men
Who Own Ford Cars
No failure there. They are clean cut, intelligent,
business-like fellows, who realize the fact that a
Ford car increases their efficiency, therefore their
earning power, out of all proportion to its cost.
Look at their Children
They are sunburned and browny, for daddy always gets home in time to take mother and them out
into the country, or down to the beach.
Motor Co.
Phone Fairmont 2730-2731
Conscript Service in New
Zealand Developing
An Inkling of What Toilers
Of Canada May Hope
To Get In Time
[By W. Francis Aliern.J
YDNEY, N.S.W., June 2 (Speciul to
Thev Federationist) .—By the time this
iiewn is being read by your renders, the
supply of singlo men in New Zealand
will have cobio to an end, and the military will be drawing on the married
'men for reinforcements for the army
at the front. Already the arrangements
huve been made for the drawing of
married men, nnd they will be taken
iu the following order:
1.—AH men between 20 and 40 without children.
2.—AH men between 20 and 34 with
not more than 2 children,
3.—All men between 35 and 40 with
not more than 2 children.
4.—All men between 20 and 34 with
not more than 4 children.
5.—All men between 35 uud 40 with
not more than 4 children.
6.—All men between 20 and 46 with
more than 4 children.
What they intend to do when these
men are out of tbe way remains to be
seen. It is thought that they will then
[begin to comb the country for men over
the age of 40—though it cannot be assumed that men of this nge cun be of
much use to the military forces.
But the worst feature of tbe whole
business is the impending industrial
conscription that is almost sure to come
within a very short time now. And
there is no doubt that the recent strike
in that country against conscription has
hastened this feature of militury domination.
But recently the miners of New Zealand had a combined strike all through
the country against conscription. It
failed, mainly owing to Beveral of the
mine unions being induced to go back
to work nnd the extreme luws put into
action by the government. Under the
law now, anybody wishing to institute
la Btrike is liable to a penalty of $2,500,
'while any individual miners going out
on striko will be sent to the firing line
by tho first transport. At tho present
time the miners arc exempt so long as
!they continue nt their work in the
mines, but once they leave this they become eligible to go to the front.
Decimating Country's Manhood,
There is no doubt thut should the wur
last much longer. New Zealand will be
in the position of a country decimated
| of its manhood. Ballots to find men for
the army under conscription have used
up almost the entire strength of thc
single men, and now the married men,
as intimated above, are to be drawn
upon. While the New Zealand minister of defence speaks .optimistically of
the situation from the military point of
view, unfortunately he does nut mention anything of tho results following
on the abnormal drain on tho country's
manhood. For instance, drastic and
serious curtailments are being made in
I all branches of the country's activities.
This is especially true in the case of
the railways. On the niain trunk railroads the service is now reduced to one
train each way daily. Tho suburban services are heavily cut down, no trains
being allowed to run after 7 o'clock,
except on Saturdays. As n matter of
fact, the suburban trains are only being run to carry men to and from work.
All concession and excursion fares have
been cancelled, except the weekly tickets of the workers. All Sunday trains
have been stopped, while no more trains
are being run for Bports and races.
Hindoo Labor,
Middy Blouses
fi___the Holiday
Complete assortments in
all the various styles are
available here.
AT $i;q0—Middy in all.
white and' white with navy
or cadet collar, cuffs and
AT $1.26—Plain straight
AT $1.50—Coat middy in
all white drill, made with
long sleeves and wide
sailor collars.
AT $1.76—A great assortment of Middy Blousete at
this price, both in coat and
straight styles; Some are
in all white, while others
have colored trimmings.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and doses at 6 p.m.
575 Gramille 'Phone Sey. 3540
The country generally iB being neglected as far as ruilway communication
is concorned, while tickets for return
Ijoiirneys muBt be used within threo
days. The idea of this is to so work
the railways that only one shift will
bo at work daily. Meanwhile a serious
matter that is engaging the attention
Wc aim to furnish tlio bent shoes
that monoy can buy for tho prico
wc ask.
And we believe that wc are giving tho best shoe values in the
as fur as possiblo
of the workers is the introduction of
Hindoo labor into New Zealand. It
appears that as one batch of the white
people are going out of the country to
fight for their liberty in some other part
of tho world, the colored labor is coming in to look after themselves during
tho absence of the white men. So it
seems that while white labor is going
lout of the country, the capitalists are
'not going to be allowed to suffer for the
want of cheap and plenteous labor. The
example of New Zealand is a warning
(note of whut will happen in all places
that think of introducing conscription.
Industrial Conscript Slavery.
There is some indication that industrial conscription is in the aid. Indeed,
to some extent, it is already in operation by reasou of the fact that the military tribunals are only exempting men
from military service abroad on condition that they remain in their present
employment. And they have to prove
that the work they are engaged in is
an essential trade to get this exemption. A member of the New Zealand
cabinet said recently that while tbe
government had not the power at present to compel meu to work at any particular trade, there wbb every indication that in the very near future steps
would bo'taken to tbis end. Tbe acting prime minister was even more emphatic on the matter. He said: "We
shall do oar best to get labor to work
on tbo farms. We will, of course, ask
for volunteers to do the work. But
we may have to ask parliament next
session to- pass an act to give us power
to compel the men to-do this kind of
work. We hove at present power to
compel men drawn in the military ballots to do work connected witb military
oporations, but we have not the power
to compel them to work in the country." Thnt extract is full of great
meaning, for the country ean construe any kind of labor into military
operations.   Fur instance, if it is con-
Canadian Pacific earnings for tho
week ending Juno 21 showed an increase of $308,000.   God Bave the King.
It has been a good while since Vancouver's weekly bank clearings reached
the nine million mark reported for the
I third week in June. There is a gain of
..nearly fifty per cent, over the same
week last year.—News-Advertiser,
Ontario farmers have recently sold
co-operatively 200,000 pounds of wool
at a price that is believed to be the
highest in the history of Canada. The
sale was made through the Ontario
Sheep Breeders' Association. Tho price
wns over 60 cents per pound. Gnd save
our old clothes.
Widespread attempts on the part of
the munition makers to evado the payment of profits taxes imposed by U. S.
Congress last September have been reported by internal revenue agentB, who
have been working quietly for the last
two months checking up the manufacturers' returns. The extent of tho attempted evasion thus fur brought to
the attention of tho treasury totals
.more than $10,000,000, or approximately
j 40 per cent, of the returns voluntarily
made. Indications are thnt tho figures
will go ub high us $12,000,000 or $13,-
". . . Many months ago The Herald
(Calgary) said that no mon who came
through this war with a greater accumulation of wealth thnn he had before
the war started could be called a truly
loyal or patriotic citizen. Thnt Btute-
ment staiuls today and has never been
| questioned or contradicted. And unless the manufacturers of Canada who
have been dealing in munitions are
able to prove thut they have not thus
profited by thc neoesBity of their country, they are deserving of that condemnation. ''
Before the Pringle Commission of
Inquiry into the news print (situation,
Wednesday, George Milieu, of the E. B.
Eddy Oompany, wns further examined
j on tho question of sulphite, on which
it is evident the mills are getting nn
enormous profit. Mr. Millen stated
thut his company manufactured for its
own use, but did not sell sulphite, but
the price would be $70 or $80 per ton.
Sulphite costs from $45 to $50 per ton,
and is being sold at from $70 to $100.
In answer to a question by the com-
' mission the witness said that in his
opinion 25 to 30 pr cent, would be a
fuir profit. Mr. Pringle remarked that
according to figures quoted by companies the profit was from 50 to 100
per cent.
The first dividend on the deferred
shares of the DeBeers Consolidated
Mines sinco the outbreak of the war is
announced, of 40 per cent., for the year
ending June 30. The dividend is us
large us was ever declared ut one time.
The directors voted £25,000 of the
funds to thc Red Cross and a similnr
sum to the French Red Cross, In 1914-
15 the company mado up a loss of £508,-
597. In the following year, when mining operations were resumed after n
suspension of one and a half yenrs, thc
profits were not sufficient to pay n preference dividend. The deferred dividend will require £1,000,000, but no one
will object to the shareholders receiving the dividend after three years, es-
'pcially as th principal buyer of diamonds since the outbreak of the war
has been thc United States.
...June 29, 191
We are safe! Howard McKent
Barnes' play entitled "Her Unborn
Child." wns given its first presentation in Vancouver nt the Avenue Theatre on Monday of this week. The piny
was supposed to be so immoral, or nt
, least so indelicate, that all masculine
animals of the go mis homo were barred,
'and only fomiiiiucs of mature age admitted. In the interest of safeguard-
.ing the high-class morality prevalent
among Vancouver males, however, Rev.
'Principal Vance, of the Episcopal theo
logical shop, and Mayor McBeath nt
.tended the performance, under the
Ichnperonnge of MrB. .T, O. Perry nnd
'Mrs. Macken, and we believe, sat unveiled during thc rather risky ordeal.
But it is alleged that there was nothing
sufficiently suggestive in the performance to bring even a scowl of disapproval to the episcopal countenance or
i ait adolescent blush to the mayoral
cheek. So, for the rest of the week,
wc ure to be allowed to attend the play,
provided we are over 18 years of nge,
and take our chnnevs against having
.our morals diluted below the prevalent
Vancouver standard.  ■
The Fish Packers' union, No. 15,240,
A. F. of U, of Prince Rupert, B. C,
has subscribed for its members en
bloc, for Thc Federationist, for a yeur.
This orgnnization is one of the best on
the const, nnd its future iB assured.
Following is one of its bylaws: "This
union shall subscribe to n labor paper
for each member who shall bo three
months in good  standing.    Same will
sidered'that 'the mimi7t^Vgnnizutio"ns |{jLK!fiJLWJ^8^ to..mert
at work on the waterfronts and in the !tho re1«",ements of the members,
i mines huve to be smashed, then all
the government has to do is to declare
that the various industries concerned
are works of necessity and then draw
,thc men in a ballot and put them to
work in their old jobs at military pay.
What could be easier? And it is
thought that something along these
lilies will shortly be done, more especially as the employer associations are already petitioning tho government to
compel the workers W work overtime
without extra pay.
Saturday Specials
Black Satine ghirto—Heavy weight.  Regular $1.25, for....   85c
Heavy Drill Working Shirt*—Reg. $1.25 for    85o
Men'a All-wool Cashmere Half Hose—All sizes.  Regular 50c.
three pairs for $1.15
Balbriggan Underwear—Regular 50c, for, per garment 25c
Opposite Provinoe Office
Back to the Dark Ages.
The New Zoaland government has recently sent out census enrds to the cm-,
ployers in thut cojntry asking them]
particulars as to what man power they
are likely to need in the near future.
This Ib evidently being done for the
purpose of alloting the men to various
works throughout the country by industrial conscription, now that the man*
shortage in the country is getting very
serious. Then again the farmer employers are asking the government to send
men to work on the farms under military discipline, Add to this the fact
that the minister for defence has de*
finitely stnted that the men returning
from the war will not be able to choose
at what kind of work they will be em*
ployed, but must work where the government decides for them, and it is
patent to nil that even after the war is
over industrial conscription will be the
theme in New Zealand. The signs are
! ominous, and it lookB ns if New Zealand is fast receding back into the days
of the Bark Ages,
A May-Day Message.
Tho socialists of Australia, in mnss
meeting assembled; ofl May Day, sent
out the following mosBugo to fellow
socialists in other parts of the world:
"This gathering of workers assembled,
greets the workers of all lands in class
conscious fraternity, expressing the
hope that peace will soon prevail, and
declares that the international organization and unity of the working class is
tbe hope of the world; and, further,
this meeting affirms that the growth of
militarism and the war spirit is a menace to the people, a danger to democracy, and an obstacle to the economic
emancipation of the working class."
I am empowered to convey tbis message to fellow socialists in Canada.
An  uncommon opportunity
for remarkable value
in Clothes
Hart, Schaffner & Marx lightweight, summer suits guaranteed to the entire satisfaction of the wearer. Models for men and
young men—
Any trimmed hat in our store
and under.
Sey. 3291
539 Granville Street
Broadway Theatre
July 2 and 3
Irene Fenwick and
Owen Moore
—IN—     *    -
Matinee Monday, 2 to 6
July 4 and 6
Theodore Roberts
"The American Consul"
Marie Doro Billie Burke
—IN— —IN—
Semi-ready quality
And style—and price—
And perfect fit. I
These we guarantee you will be satisfied with—
All you expect; all you hope for—that we
promise you in a Semi-ready Suit or Overcoat.
$18 00 to $49.00
Sole Agents for Vancouver
.«/19 1 7
PANAMAS  86.00 and up
STRAWS :.,. $1.50 to $6.00
Straw Hat weather ie here. Come
in and have a look aid a try-on.
This year's models are certainly "stunning."
Richardson & Potts, Ltd.
____^__l__,_m        HATTERS
417 GRANVILLE Near Cor. Hastings
Spy. 2«2
Stock Company Bo1 Mce 0pon8
10 a. m. Thursday
First time in Vnncouver of the powerful dramn,
"Which One Shall I Marry"
Tke greatest question in every woman's life
10c, 25c and 35c Matinee Wednesday and Saturday, 10c and 25c
Nothing cheap but the price.        At prices never before dreamed of.
Strawberry Jam
Mb; glass    Quality and purity guar- m
anteed  by  the Empress
pure food regulations.
-Empress Manufacturing Co,
Vancouver, B. C.


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