BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Mar 16, 1917

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345182.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345182.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345182-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345182-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345182-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345182-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345182-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345182-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345182-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345182.ris

Full Text

Array PPfl.
TIE BRITISH  COLUMBIA
»TDU8TB.S'UNITY: STBBNGTH
OFFICIAL PAPEBs VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. Oi FEDEBATION OF LABOB
POLITICAL UNtOT;   VICTOIT
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 11
SIX PAGES
VANVOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, MARCH 16,1917
(In TtocotVer \
City WW |
$160 PER YEAR
Cabinet Give a Sympathetic
Hearing to Labor Last *
Monday
Metalliferous Mines Act Is
Promised By Hon.
Wm. Sloan
REPRESENTATIVES of the forces of
organized labor of the province
held a conference with the provincial
government at Victoria on Monday, at
which was presented a lengthy list of
subjects on which Labor asked that
legislation bo passed or regulations established for tho more thorough protection of the interests of the workera.
The government was represented at
tho hearing by Premier Brewster and
the entire cabinet although Hon. J. D.
Pntullo, minister of lands, left the con*
ferenoe during the early part of the
discussion. The Labor deputation consisted of the const representatives of
the provincial Federation a's follows:
Joseph Naylor, president, Cumberland;
A. S.^Wells, secretary-treasurer, Victoria; Joseph Taylor, Victoria; William
Tates, New "Westminster; V. Midgley,
Vancouvor; J. H. McVety, Vancouver,
and Walter Head, South Wellington.
The subjects presented woro, for the
greater part, those covered by resolutions passed at tho Bevelstoke convontion, although a fow matters were introduced which have come to the front
since that timo. The presentation of the
subjects was divided among the members of the deputation, Messrs. Naylor
and Head covering the field of workers
in the coal mines; A. S. Wells the questions in connection with elections and
franchise; J. H. McVety on subjects
connected with the operations in metalliferous mines, electrical workers, stationary engineers and the exemption of
church property from taxation; Mr.
Midgley on the 8-hour day and fortnightly pay; Mr. Yates on matters connected with electric railway operation,
and Mr. Taylor on the quostion of the
poll tax, protection of longshoremen,
etc.
Sympathetic Hearing Is Given.
The reception given the deputation Ib
said to have been sympathetic, the ar*
guments being listened to with Interest.
On many points the premier and other
members of the cabinet took part in the
discussion or mado enquiries in connection with tbe arguments outlined.   The
I, tenor of the comment by the government representatives indicated that on
at least some of the points submitted,
the government will probnbly take Bome
action and due consideration wns promised on the entire schedule or requests.
On the subjects connected with elec-
, tions and tho franchise, great interest
was shown in tho suggestion thnt the
system  of proportional   representation
beadopted for provincial elections.   Tho
premier suggested that it might be woll
to have some of the cities of the prov-
| ince adopt this method, and thus eda-
, cate the people as well as try out the
merits of the plan.
Along the same line, the request that
j all   voters   be   given   their   franchise
| rights, whether resident in the constitu-
| encies in which they .are registered or
not, and the provision of at least two
I months between dissolution  and elec-
LW.-ons,     with     a     special     provision
1 for a court of revision during the Bee*
I ond month, provoked considerable dls-
j cussion, and appeared to bo viewed fav-
I orably.   It was pointed out that the
I principle had already boen covered by
j tho granting of the soldiers' voto at the
I Inst election.  The government represen-
I tatives seemed to be impressed with the
fact tlnft the  present  Bystem   created
difficulties for workers engaged in ens-
I ual labor, who were constantly drifting
from point to point.
1    Othet subjects outlined by Mr. Wells
under this head were tho abolition of
1 election deposits and of property quali
, flcations for municipal offices, and the
extension of municipal franchise to bona
fide residents, whether paying house-
| holders' tax or uot.
Minimum Wage for Ooal Miners.
Spenking for the conl miners, Messrs.
I Nelson and Hend laid special emphasis
on the request for tho establishment of
L a minimum wage of $3.50 per day for
j all adult miners working underground.
f It was claimed that this provision would
I solve many problems now arising in
■'connection with tho working of the coal
I mines. The Oriontal labor problem,
1 which is a constant source of trouble,
Lwould be at onco eliminated were the
■plan followed.
I On tho subject of permitting union
I officials entering on company proporty
Eto collect dues or transact legitimate
■union business and the connected qites*
■ tion of providing for competition in
■business in "compnny towns," tho gov-
■ernment representatives replied that
Ithis problem was now before them as
It-he result of the dispute of the workers
let tho plant of the Canadian Explosives
■compnny.
™ Other quostions presented in connection with the operation of coal mines,
were aB follows:
Strict enforcement of the Mines Refutation Act, and the removal of all officials who have proved incompetent or
peglectful.
An amendment to tho Coal Mines Reflation Act which would permit minors
Io nominate and elect mine inspectors,
Ihe miners to have tho power to recall
pny inspectors.
New Metalliferous Mines Act,
On tho presentation by J. H, McVety
If subjects connected with tho opera-
lion of motalllforous mines, Hon. Wm.
llonn, minister of mines, made the im*
fortnnt statement that he intended to
pern] his vacation this year among
Jnese mines and learn at flrst hnnd the
Iroblems connected with their operation
X.this timo. He considered the present
Egislatton oovering tho field to be obso*
lte, and in need of complete revision.
; was his intention to thoroughly re-
(Continued on page 6)
Question of Policy on Short
Special Runs to Be
Billiard Team Win Second
Round  in  League
Tournament
A SPECIAL MIDNIGHT mnss meet-
meeting of Pioneer Division of the
Street Railwaymen's union will be held
in the Odd-Fellows' Hall, Mount Pleasant, next Saturday night. Every member of the division is urged to be present, as the question of the operation of
"short specials" will be discussed,and
the policy of the division on the point
decided. The doors will bo open at
midnight, and the meeting called to order at 12.30.
The question slated for discussion
comes up on a reference from the regular meeting of the division held Wednesday night, at which the mntter was
discussed at length but, owing to the
importance of the matter, it waB deemed
advisable to have a full meeting pass
on the subject.
Some time ago the B. C. Electric traffic officials submitted a new running
sheet to the division. This was turned
down by the men owing to its including
51'' short specials,'' on which the aver*
ago run was only about 5H hours per
day. The company is now working on a
new running sheet which will probably
be submitted to the men shortly.
As it is anticipated that the revised
sheet will also provide for "short
specials," the executive of the division
discussed the subject at its meeting on
Monday evening. The result was the
sending of a recommendation to the regular meeting of Wednesday evening,
that men should be allowed to sign up
for' these runs if they so desired, any
not covered <in this manner to bo handled from the depot master's office as
extra work. This action was based on
tho idea that a run of nine hours should
be provided before any man should be
obliged to sign up.
Men Object to Short Riroa.
This recommendation of the executive
was debated at length at Wednesday
night's meeting, and the outcome was a
declaration even in advance of the recommendation. With the understanding that the mattor should bo again discussed at u midnight mass meeting, the
opinion of the men was declared to bo
that no man should bo allowed to sign
up for any run of less than nino hours
per day. thus leaving any •' short
special" runs which may be listed on
tho sheet to be treated from the office
as oxtra work.
It was pointed out thut the short runs
would naturally fall to the new men,
and that, with the cost'of living at its
j present stntija, it Was unfair for any
■ man to be compelled to tie himself down
to do a little over 6 hours work daily at
the rate of 27 centa an hour. If the
work was to be treated as extra work,
the snmo men might possibly take the
runs but, by signing -up for it, he tied
himself up so as to prevent his taking
other more desirable runs which might
bo offered.
At tbe midnight mass meeting, the
executive of the division will fully outline its conferences with the company,
at which the questions of "short
special" runs was discussed. The mat
ter will then be thrown open for general
discussion, and the framing of a resolution which will define the policy of the
division on the point.
General News Items.
The question of the Trades and Labor
council putting up a candidate at the
provincial by-election waB discussed on
Wcdnesduy night, the meeting deciding
that the delegates to the council should
follow their individual views when the
vote on the subject ia taken.
Tho billiard team of motormen aud
conductors was successful in tho second
round of the Commercial League tournament on Monday night, winning out
from tho Hudson's Bay storo. This
makes two wins to their credit, as they
Inst week defeated the team from tho
David Sponcer store.
Deep sympathy is expressed by the
streot railwaymen for Mr. P. H. Levers,
ono of their North Vnncouver follow
omployoes, whoso wife passed away on
Tuesday night.
Two members of the division nre now
confined in city hospitnlB. Mr, J. W.
Dew is lying in ward F of the Genoral
Hospital, whoro he was taken to undergo un operation for appendicitis. The
operation was successful/ and Mr. Dow
is now getting ready to be around
again. Mr. W. D. Munn is confined at
St. Paul 'a hospital, but it Is hoped that
tho medicnl enro and attention he is receiving will shortly lend to hiB complete
recovery.
Miss Annie Konnody, of the B. C.
Electric head offico Blaff, is ono of tho
candidates for Queen in connection with
the coming Wnr Danco carnival, and 1»
seeking the support of the motormen
and conductors in her contest.
CONTRACTORS REFUSE TO
OBSERVE UNION PRINCIPLES
Standard Wages and Hours Not Observed on Public Market Alterations.
Reports from tho Carponters' union
are to tho effect that all efforts to have
thc work of altering the building at
Hastings and Main sf reefs for a 'public
market carried on in accordance with
union rules as regards wages and working hours, haB been unavailing, tho
Globe Contracting Co. having refused to
recognize union principles on the work.
"I don't think tho union can do anything moro in this matter," Baid Business Agont Robinson, of the Carpenters'
union. "Tho place is, howover, to bo
used as a public market, and whon It is
opened, the union men of tho city will
bo reminded of the conditions now ex*
isting and asked to govern themselves
ttccohrdingly."
THE SEAT AND CITADEL OF
ALL RULING CLASS POWER
Slaves Can Only be Held in Leash for Exploitation By the Organized Forces of Repression—The State Is the Instrument of the Ruling Class—By the Control of
Political Power Alone Can Economic Mastery Be Maintained—Shall the
Workers Go Into Politics? —Can They Afford to Stay Out?
THE QUESTION is often asked: Shall the workers, as a distinct class in the community, go into politics on their own behalf? Is political action a failure? To the careful observer of events, are they
unfolding themselves beneath our very eyes, thete is no longer any question about it at all. It is not,
shall the workers enter into political activity on theirTown behalf and that of their class. The real question
is how can the workers avoid taking such action, if tb;by are ever to life themselves from the miserable
conditions how surrounding them, and whieh are beoftming progressively worse as time goes on? And
that the average conditions of the workers are steadily and irresistibly becoming worse, no sane observer can truthfully deny. It is such a self-evident rifatter of fact that there never was so wide a margin between the average wage and the wealth output of thc average worker, as that which exists today, that it seems almost an impertinence to even refer to it. If there be any doubters left among us,
all they need to do to have their doubts removed isi*.to but note the overwhelming magnitude of the
great dominant fortunes, and the rapidity with which they have been accumulated, as compared to similar phenomena occurring at any other known period in huiqan history,
 * •      How Wealth Is Accumulated
Men's Organization Enables
Demands to Be Met
Promptly
LEAVE WALLACE
Blacksmiths Walk Out When
Higher Wages Are
Refused
Indications That Shipyard
Workers Plan United
Action
/-\N TUESDAY afternoon, twenty
-—^ blacksmiths and their helpers, employed in the Wallace shipyards nt
North Vancouver, presented an ultimatum on the question of wages and hours.
Failing to obtnin satisfaction, they laid
down their tools and left the yards. Tho
matter has since been taken up with the u% xe^Xe^Y™™
employers, but the mon are still out, no cx<*<!18<!s ltB Vomt'
f-niiauiiirntiun katdm. Waah ~tJmm iL. Why Labor Cannot Ignore It.
The accumulated wealth of all ages
haa been nothing bur the rosult of the
slavery of those aged. Wealth can ac*
cumulate in no other manner than by
and through tho enforced labor of those
who are held in bondage. Wealth does
not grow upon bushes, nor yot doeB it
fall down from Heaven as manna is
said to havo fallen upon the wandering
Jews in tho wilderness. Xt is coined into
its material expression solely by the labor of working people and it is mobilized into tbe huge aggregations that aro
such a marked and outstanding feature
of thiB glorious age, Solely by virtue of
the fact that these working people are
robbed of that wealth which has been
brought forth by their labor.
Under no scheme of human invention
could such a result be realized except
by those who profit)* by it having at
all times at their command a power of
repression sufficient to hold the workers to their task and crush any efforts
they might be disposed to make in order to appropriate to their own use the
wealth they produce.
In other words, those who are to profit by any scheme of slavery, must at
all times have tho power to make and
enforce the law governing the status
and activities of the Enslaved.
And that' is all thero is to government, no matter how* m'uch wo may endeavor to mask itB legitimate purpose
by pleasing platitudes about its paternal intentions towards those over whom
consideration having been given their
demands. .
Somo time ago tho blacksmiths in the
Wallace yards were receiving only H
for a nine-hour day. They asked for
an advance, with the result that an increase to $4.40 for the mechanics, and
$3 for helpers was granted, bat no
change waa made in tho working hours.
The demnnds made on Tuesday were
for an eight-hour day and a scale of
$4.50 for mechanics, aud $3.50 for helpers.
It is pointed out by tho men that the
boilermakers at the yards wore recently
grouted a scalo of $4.50 for an eight-
hour day, this meaning that the black* eu ,„,„„ MMTOt „,        mvam ((1 1U.
smiths a craft of the same standing in cmirtfl and other ngeneieJ of ropr08aion.
tho motnl trados, were working more In fact to be absolutely candid with
hours for less wages. 'ourselves, we might just as well nek-
The men who left work have held nowledge that in Ipite of all our efforts
several meetings during the week, at no permBnent gaill of reai value has
come to us thro'jgh all these years of
strikes, boycotts and other similar attempts to boat the powers of govern
No matter what tKe workers may attempt in the way of relief from the economic exactions of 'their masters, the
government promptly steps in at the opportune moment and in one way or another nullifies their (iffortB.
If a Btrike threatens to win againBt
the interests of the masters, there are
numorous ways in which the power of
the government may be enlisted to
thwart it.
The history of this continent for the
past century ia replcto with instances of
strikes being broken, or fancied gains
soon nullified either by the acts of
governments direct or by menns of its
which it wcb determined to make a firm
stand for the requested increase.
Shipyard Workers Talcing a Stand.
, Tho action above noted, taken in
connection with the recent successful
demands of tho metal trades workers in
the Victoria shipyards, indicates that
with the revival of activities in the
shipyards on this coast, the workers intend to take a decided stand for obtaining wages and working conditions which
meot tho demnnds of the case.
"As far aB the men are concerned,"
said a worker in the shipyards yesterday morning, "we are asking no more
than our just due. It is truo that dur*
ing the slack times we have worked for
lower wuges than we should but, by so
doing, we have enabled our employers
to keep their plants iti operation, and
thoir heads above water. Now when a
season of netivity is promised, we feel
that our rights should be recognized.
Then, again, the eost of living has advanced at such a rate as makes it impossible for us to maintain our families
properly on tho same wages we obtnined
last year. It costs from 25 to 30 por
cont. more to run n household than it
did last year, and, if we only got tho
samo wnges, where do wo get off at J
"As far aB the employors aro concerned, I think they will bo well advised
if they givo prompt ntton.tion. to the
men's demands. The situation in the
British Columbia shipyards just now is
one which demands skilled workors.
And you can't gct„sneh men and keep
them unless they pay tho wagoB. Thore
nre shipyards nt Seattle and other points
on the coast where great activity now
prevails, and theso employers are offering wogos above the union scale for
skilled men. With sueh opportunities
offered, tho men are naturally going to
drift away unless thoy are given proper
treatment nt this time."
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION
BOARD 18 DISCUSSED
Final Location of Head Offices Is Not
Tet Determined.
.Several questions concerning the methods of tho Workmen's Compensation
Commission were put on tbo floor of the
Legislature during the wock, one covering tho location of tho principal offico
and tho other in connection with a
staff appointment.
Mr. Pooley, momber for Esquimau,
put tho question to tho Attoruoy-Oon-
ernl as to whether tho headquarters of
tho'Commission wns to bo in Victoria
nr Vancouver. In reply, Attorney-General Macdonald said thnt this question
had not yet boon definitely settled.
ClnimB in favor of both cities had been
presented and, for tho prosent, tho office would bo in Victoria.
To a query of Mr. Bowser, member
from Vancouver, tho Attorncy-eGneral
stated that Mr. F. J. Harding had boen
appointod accountant and office manager of the Commission at a salary of
$150 por month. The appointment was
mndo on February 21, and tho appointee, who was an American citizen, had
made application for his naturalization
papers on February 12.
ment with no other weapons than empty hands, empty pockets and too often
empty Btomaehs.
As workers we cannot ignore the
powers of government.
They are there at all times, and aro
always used against us whenover we
seriously interfere with the property in*
terestB and exploiting schemes of our
masters'.
And they are our masters, und for the
snmc reason that the old timo chattel
slave owners, and lator the feudal lords,
were the masters of the chattel slaves
and serfs of those days.
Becauso thoy mako and enforce the
law determining our status and governing our conduct in the present stage
of civilization. ,
Against that powor to mako and enforce tho law thero is no appeal, except that of the seizure of the powors
of governmont by the working class and
thus stripping tho present ruling class
of the sole means whereby it now no^B
us in subjection, not only to wholesale
exploitation, but to wholesale slaughter and rapine whenever the exigencies of their profit-mad civilization demands.
In most civilized states tho workers
possess tho franchise, subject, it is truo,
to many restrictions. But in so fnr as
the franchise exists, it affords tho
working cluss a legal warrant to tho
conquest of the powers of government,
ut any timo a mnjority of votefl may bo
cast in approval of such n consummation. And that is what is meant herein
by a seizure of governmental power.
Until tho working class does conquer
the capitalist state, and by such capture
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Mnrch 18—Pile Drlv*
ers and Wooden Bridge Builders.
MONDAY, March 19—Electrical
Workors; Boilermakers; Tailors' Executive.
TUESDAY, March 20—Street
Kailwnymon; Bookbinders;
Railway Firemen; Amal. Carpentors.
WEDNESDAY, March 21—Brewery Workers; Plasterers.
THURSDAY, March 22—Machinists; Milk Wngon Drivers;
Shipwrights nnd Cnulkors.
FRIDAY, Maroh 23—
SATURDAY, March 24—
Proposal to Encourage Oriental Immigration Is
Defeated
Suggestion of the B. C. Fruit
Growers Gets the Cold
Shoulder
LONGSHOREMAN HAS LABOR TO GO AFTER
PLENTY OF WORK REPRESENTAH
Warning to Workers As to
Misleading Character
of Reports
Council WiU Run Candidate
At the Vancouver
' Bye-election
Proposal That B. C. Federation Enter Politics Is
Also Favored
/"\N WEDNESDAY the Dominion
*—* Council of Agriculture, now in ses
sion at Regina, dealt a body blow to the
offorts of tho B. C. Fruit Growers
association to lower the bars which now
limit Oriental immigration, by asking
the authorities to temporarily suspend
the Chinese head tax.
The request for the endorsement of
the fruit growers' proposal was presented on Monday. It did not meet
with a favorable reception nnd, although
the mattor was referred to a special
committee, Socretary Mackenzie said he
was satisfied the sentiment of the dele*
fates.was against the plnn. On Wcdncs*
ay the committee brought in its report
advising that no action be taken on the
matter. This virtual turning down of
the proposal was endorsed by a uani-
mous vote of the council.
Endorses Labor's Attitude.
The request of tho fruit growers' wob
for a modified suspension of the head
tax, such as would provido for the en*
trance of Chinese for agricultural pur*
posese merely during the war period,
after which they should be returned.
The stand taken at the Rogina meeting, taken in connection with the popular disapproval of the fruit growers'
proposal in British Columbia, iB an distinct endorsement of the attitude of
Labor on the question of Oriental immigration. In tho lengthy discussion of
the subject at Regina on Wednesday, it
was pointed out that any encouragement of Oriental immigration would be
a distinctly retrograde step, aB the in*
evitablo result would be tho loworiug of
the standard of living in western Can*
ada to a point which was undesirablo
from the public standpoint.
WOODWORKERS MAY REVIVE
LOOAL ON NORTH SHORE
Subject la Discussed at Meeting Held
on Tuesday Evening.
On Tuesday evening a meeting of
men employed in North Vancouver in
the woodworking trades, was hold in
thc K. of P. hall, to consider plans for
the reorganization of the United Broth*
erhood locnl on tho north shoro of tho
inlet. There was a good attendance at
which the proposal was discussod, but it
wns deomed advisable to lay over -final
action until another meoting, which
will bo hold next Monday ovouiug. If
the suggestion should be carried out, it
is possiblo thnt arrungements will bo
mado to hold union meetings alternately
in Vancouvor and North Vancouver.
virtually Bpikos ils guns, so they can no
longer bc used against the workers In
thoir Btrtlggle for economic betterment
and a freer and fuller life, tho condition
of labor will continually progress from
bud to worse. Progress in the other
direction is impossible.
Based on Experience.
This position can bo no more fitting.
ly corroborated than by u few quotations from thc pen of it. E. Boote, in
Australian Worker. And it is without
desiro to flatter that we rise to remark
thero is a*) abler pon wiol'lc.l in the
world's Labor press than that of II. E.
Boote.   Ho says:
'It is by politicnl nction that the
exploiters establish and confirm their
ovil supremacy.
"They uso it against us with tremendous effectiveness. They break strikes
with lt, thoy lowor wages with it, thoy
degrade conditions with it, thoy fasten
chains upon us with lt.
"It is a weapon wo daro not ignore.
Wo havo nothing wc can pit against it
with tho smallest hopo of success. It
outranges alt weapons, and smashos
through every known defence
"Thoro is only ono sonslblo thing to
bo dono. Capture that devastating
weapon and use it FOR tho pooplo, as it
hua boon used against tho people.
And wo tako occasion to remark that
until Labor doOB tako opon and manly
action along political linos in ils own bo*
half. It cunnot expect to riso nbovo
tho impotent and humiliating position it
now so ingloriously occupies in tho
groat scheme of things, And wc use tho
torm things advisedly, for what are
slaves but things, and douccd common
and vulgar things at that.
THE PAST week has been one of un*
1 ceasing activity on the Vancouver
waterfront, no less than nine large vessels discharging and loading cargoes at
the inlet wharves, as well as the usual
number of smaller craft. All of which
meant a busy week for the "knights of
tho hook."
The unusual.amount of work in connection with the handling of these cargoes proves the wisdom, both as far as
workor and employer is concerned, of
the International Longshoremen's association. Because of this .organization
of trained waterfront workers, it has
been possiblo to expeditiously meet the
demands of the case in a manner greatly to the credit of the city as a shipping
centre. From its Powell street headquarters it has been able to direct the
movements of the gangs so as to ao*
commodate the many demands for .longshoremen 'to advantage. Suoh an arrangement, whereby organized gangs
can be quickly shifted en masse from
wharves where work is completed to
other points where there is a demand for
men, meets the situation far better than
if thero was no organization which was
able to systematically handle the work.
Such an arrangement iB also much to
the advantage of the general public. /
Longshoremen's Union Kept Buy,
Tho Powell street offlce of the Long*
shoremen'b union has been a busy place
throughout the entire weok. At times
the number of workers available was
not equal to the demand, and the office
staff wub compelled to go out into the
highways and byways in tho effort to
meet tho needs. "However," the offloe
reports, "wo were able to handle the
extraordinary demands suddenly made
upon us in a manner which won't injuro
the reputation of Vancouver as a shipping centre."
The weok's activity on the waterfront
has led to several articles appearing in
the daily press of the city es to the
great demand for labor at the wharvea.
"These nrtioles," says the office of the
Longshoremen's union, "aro of such a
character as might tend to mislead
workers as to the opportunities for waterfront work. As a matter of fact, it
has been a long time since the longshoremen have had such a busy time as
occurred last week. On this class of
work, it is cither a feast or a famine.
Wo had our fonst this week, but noxt
weok mny bo a famine. Workers should
understand this faot, nnd not be mislod
by glowing articles as to tho. demand
for labor to sueh an extent as to lead
thom to loave othor lines on which they
ftr*3, engaged or cen possiblo secure employment. Undor ordinary conditions we
havo more than sufflclent trained workers to meet the demands nt tho Vnncouver wharves. Under tho extraordinary
conditions of this week, wo hnve had to
go out and hunt up men, but workers
should not judge the demand entirely
on the basis of this week's exceptional
activity."
THE AVERAGE WAGE
OF LONGSHOREMEN
Employers Suggest 122 Fer Week As
Proper Figure.
No definite decision has yet beon
reached as to tho amount which tho
Workmen's Compensation commission
shnll tako as the wages of longshoremen in tho computation of any claims
which may bo prosontcd on account of
accidontB.
Tho quostion waa discussed Inst Saturday at a meeting of Oordon J. Kolly,
representing tho International Longshoremen's association, with Messrs. E.
S. II. Winn and H. P. Gilmour, of the
Compensation bonrd, and F. Bodwell, n
member of tho board's Btaff. Aflor a
general discussion, tho mattor was laid
over, thc members of tho board stating
that ony figure which was mutually acceptable to the Longshoremen's association and tho employers would bo accepted.
Yesterday afternoon Mr. Kolly mot a
number of reprcBOntntlvo watorfront employers and took up tho mnttor. Tbe
employors said they considered tbe
Compensation bonrd should tnko a week*
ly wage of *22 as the basis of Its dealing
wilh longshoremen. On tho basis of
data which ho had eolloetod, Mr. Kolly
suggested a somewhat higher figure as
propor. Aftor going ovor tho facts of
tha cose for somo time, tbo conference
broko up without reaching a dellnito decision.
Tho longshorcmon will benefit ob tho
result of tho new Compensntion Aet,
even on tho basis suggested as acceptable to thc employors, as compared with
conditions previously prevailing. Tho
old compensation rnte to tho men was
$10 per weok, out of which tho cost of
first aid must bo met. On the basis of
a wago of $22 por week, tho componsntion payment would bo $12.15 per weok,
and I his would bo outside of thc cost of
first aid treatment.
SHIPYARD WORKERS
WILL GET INCREASE
Woodworkers Leave Over Question of
Hours for Future Settlement.
The woodworkers employed in tho
Victoria shipyards, who last weok presented demands to tlieir employors for
advanced wnges and belter working
conditions, hnvo secured a satisfactory
adjustment of tho matter, nnd aro still
nt work. It is understood that tho or*
rnagoments provido for the men getting
tho rcquosted-advance of pay, but lenve
over for tho timo beiag tlio quostion of
tho observance of tho eight-hour day.
Mnyho that "silcaco" ia Russia was
all right after all. It listens good.
VANCOUVER Trades and Labor
>» councU last night decided that it
would place a Labor candidate in tha
field at the coming Vancouver bye-eloc-
Uon, and also gave a strongly affirmative vote on the referendum proposal of
the B. C. Fedoration of Uoor'utO
that organisation entering the political
The debate on the council placing a
candidate in the field at the Vancouver
fl™. V°S. wa» kM» ™o interetting,
Many of tho delegates came prepared
to vote as instructed by tlieir unions,
but tho delegates gave free expression
to their porsonal views, oltUough the debate, as a whole, was not as exciting as
it was supposed would be the case. The
proposal that the question be submitted
to a referendum vote of the 'unions had
of 28 to 24, while the main question as
to the nomination of the candidate was
approved by a vote of 39 to W.
The council decided that the affiliated
unions should be asked to submit nominations for the candidate, the names to
be sent tt the secretnry b* April 18,
the date of the last couneil meeting for
that month., *
Del Kavanagh Starts Debate.
declaring his opposition to the council
placing a candidate in the field.   He
worK to be done among workers was of
the educational character. It was not a
ouestion of merely putting . man in office. The aim of the worker in entering politics was revolutionary, aad the
mere election of a man to the legislature would mean nothing in the face ot
the presence of a majority of th» master claBB. .Such a man eould only aet as
an obstructionist. It was ridiculous to
U , ' *• •'"Uon of a candidate
would load to concessions being wrung
from the master class.  Why, even wheS
yielded whore they were compelled to by
the general trend of affairs!   As to a
!Er?' L' ""' !0l!iali,t f*j was declared to be no longer a factor in the
provinco, the only plank on which the
worker oould stand was that of the abo-
log Del. Knvanogh said he would not
object to tho council ontoring upon a
campaign of education, which had political action at a proper time in view.
Question of Finance Raised.
Del. Benson asked how the proposed
campaign would be flnnncod, claiming
that tho council's recollection of the
Labor ticket in tho last provincial campaign sh-fcld show the neod of having
this matter settled.
President McVety replied that ways
and moans could be easily arranged, but
uel. Benson pressed his point that financial arrangements should be considered
boforo notion waB taken by the counoil.
He said that Mr. MeVety had onco told
him that the campaign funds usually
camo in during the last few weeks, but
he considered this a very poor method.
He did not feel like running a campaign
which would cost from *lo00 to *2000
on a shoestring until the closing days
?' *» contest. Who wss to foot the
Mill Wob tho council, tho unions or individuals to be responsible! Some answer should bo riven this question.
Del. McDonald said that the Brotherhood of Cnrpontors hod discussed the
question, and favored the formation of
nn electoral committee from all affiliated
unions. If thifl courso was adoptod, the
question of finances and methods could
be taken up thero.
Del. Kormodo did not think that half
the trades unionists understood the
principles of socialism, and thought
money could be bolter Bpont on tho distribution of working class literature
among tho workors than on a political
campaign.
Educational Work Needed.
Del. Ellsworth said that ho did not
flunk trades unionists should enter tho
political field until they were economically united, which wns certainly not
now the cose. Speaking for tho Tailors'
union, tho proposal had been voted down
nt a mooting by a voto of 28 to Id.
Del. Hubble snid the question wns not
tho ontraaco of tlio council in tho political field, but merely for tho coming
bye-clcclion. Ho agreed with Del. Kormodo that it was better to spend monoy
on educational work.
Dol. Welsh thought Ihe whole question roslod on whether the finances could
be arranged and tho voles controlled
This could best bo Bhown by taking a
roforondum voto of tho members of the
unions on tho question.
Del. Pipos said tho matter had nlroody
bcoa postponed to allow tho dolegates
to interview their locals. Tho bricklayers had discussed tho question, and nlmost unanimously approvod tho plan.
As fnr us educational work was concerned, ho hnd been attending socialist moor-
ingB for seven yoars, aad had not scon
that much progress was being mndo with
tho masses.
Dol. Harrison reported thnt the civic
omployoes favored tho proposal, witb
only ono dissenting vote. Dol. Brooks
said tho machinists voted 28 for nnd 4
ngninst. Tho cigarmakers woro reported by Del. Kirbillz, and tho movie '
operators by Dol. Hanson os unanimoua-.
ly iu favor'of tho plan.
Views of President McVety.
Pros. McVoty said thnt Dels. Kavanagh and Hubblo had favored education rather than politicnl action at present, but this was not their viow when
the socialist party appeared to have a
chance If thero was no use in entering
politicnl campaigns, why had this party
spent thoUBnnds of dollars in election
deposits! Could It be said that thc Boat-
(Continued on page 6) ni!
PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY..
...Mareh 16, 1917
THE
INCORPORATED
1866
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets 	
Deposits ....
..573,000,000
... 54,000,000
Household Banking
Accounts
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great con-
venience. The accounts may be
opened in the -names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Intorost is
paid on those accounts twice a
year.
Paid-up Oapital 56,000,000
Reserve Fund 6,600,000
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts.
W. R. OWEN
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware;   screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
*  ADVERTISE IN THE TEIXPBOME
DIBEOTOBY ANO EEAOH ALL THE
PEOPLE ALL TBE TIME
Tho next Telephone Directory goes
to press immediately. You ihould have
yonr advertisement In It.
' The Telephone Directory goes Into
every olllce ind newly every home in
every pUoe between Agsisii ond the
see; - -t
It reaches every'deeirable customer.
It la referred to over 200,000 times*
a day.
Iti circulation li in the home—the
kind that appeals to the advertiser.
B. O. TELEPHONE OO., LTD.
ORDER BY MAIL
Tour Fruit Trees, Shrubs, Roses,
etc, from
BRITISH COLUMBIA NURSERIES OO. LTD,
1493 Stvinth Ate.-Wait, Vmmutot.
Satisfaction guaranteed. Descriptive
caUlMue FEEE Handsome premium
LT pluts for Uit of prupoctfva planters. 	
Reliable salesmen wanted In B. O.
and Middle West provlneee. Oct our
attractive proposition.   Write today.
Out-of-town Union Men who visit
Vucouver should pay a -^sit to
Perry &. Dolk
The Labor Temple
Union Tailors
Pick out a spring suit and get it
properly made, union-made, combined with right treatment.
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancouver
We Want You to Do Tour
Furniture Business With Us
WE WILL MAKE TERMS TO
SUIT   TOUR   CONVENIENCE
Onr stook of Furniture ia the. beat
tn the province. Whenever you want
anything in onr lino, call ln and look
It over.
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hastings Street West
Sou-Van Milk
Should be la the home of every
UjNION
man.
IS IT IN TOURS?
Fair. 2621
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federatlonist. Limited
B. Parm. Pettlplece .Manager
Office: Room 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7496
'Subscription:  $1.50 por year; in Vancouvor
City. $2.00; to unions (subscribing
in a body, fl.00.
bephSsiStatTves
New Westminster W. Tates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. 1). Macdonald, Box 288
Victoria A. S. Welle, Box 1588
Field Circulation Booater. Goo. F.  Stirling
a past age, a holdover that has been
driven to a frenzy of madness in tho
presence of a civilization at least two
hundred years in advance of tbe legitimate age and time of such feudal tyrannies. And the German people themselves will be tbe greatest of gainers
once the job is completed.
"Unity of Labor:  the Hope of the World"
FRIDAY... March 10, 1017
PRINTING
COWAN tl BROOKHOUSE
Labor Temple Press    Sey. 4490
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
1049 GEORGIA STBBBT
One Block west of Court House.
Uke of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Beymour 2426
IT HAS BEEN looked upon by many
as a very plain matter of fact that
the dynastic rulers of Germany are
but little above the level of sheer maniacs. Every move that has been mado
by them since the
' 'WHOM THE inception of their
GODS WOULD world conquering
DESTROY.1' theory of spreading
German "kultur"
by force of arms, backed by low intrigue, has been but additional'evidence
of their insanity. From the invasion of
Belgium down to the latest attempted
intrigues against the United States,
there has not been a single move made
that could have been prompted by anything like a sane understanding of
world events. Either these rulers of
Germany are stark mad or they afford a
study in arrested intellectual development that is more centuries behind that
of the rest of the world than one would
care to specify.
* *       *
What could be more conclusive of
either insanity or mental weakness than
to suppose that any brand of "kultur,"
either good, bod or indifferent, could be
spread throughout the world by means
of an intriguing process that must as
effectively disclose its- coming and its
presence, as does the skunk when he
goes forth with evil designs upon the
chicken coop. And no part of the civilized world has escaped the offensive
stench of this attempt to win laurels for
tho Hohenzollern dynasty, that most
powerful survival of the brutal autocracy of the middle ages, by methods so
low, mean and vile that they have long
since been eliminated from the permissible ethical and moral code of Belf-respecting people and nations. Wha^
could be more contemptible and vile
than the atempt to embroil Colombia,
Mexico and Japan in warfare with the
United States, by means of low intrigue
and cunning, a cunning which, by the
way^ls not cunning, because it is so
crude as to be self-disclosing, like that
of the skunk f Could any person, or persona for a moment imagine that such
methods could achieve the object
sought, unless such person or persons
were off their mental balance! And yet
it seems there are Germans scattered all
over the world who are still weak
enough, both mentally and morolly, to
be used for such ridiculous and childish
purposes as the blowing up of munition
works, bridges, tunnels, ships, etc., of
neutral countries, and in the staging of
wars between such countries by means
of melodramatic Intrigue and dime novel
cunning. The utter simplicity of the
tools and fools that are thus available
for use along this line is exceeded in
magnitude only by the insane delusions
of the governing maniacs that work the
oracle of the flamboyant Prussian medieval circus.
# *      *
And it is this insane holdover from a
past age that is now bidding for extermination at the hands of all that is
worthy of preservation in modern civilization. It may be likened to a crazy
bull running amuck in the china shop of a
civilization that is\at'least reaching out
for extended liberties and a more wholesome life. And with a relentless certainty, all of the forces that make for a
greater liberty, a wider democracy, for
human progress and a higher civilization, are marshalling themselves against
this insane menace to all of those things
for which the human race instinctively
reaches out and struggles to attain. The
Prussian lunacy represents a stage of
political development that was normal
two or three hundred years ago. It be*
comes lunacy now, because the overwhelming preponderance of the world's
political opinion has become democratic. It is two or three hundred years
in advance of that of Prussian junker-
dom. Hence that which wa? at one
time sane and normal, because it was in
political tune with its time, has now become Insane and abnormal becauso it is
not abreast of, and politically attuned
to this day and age.
.* * *
"Whom the Gods would destroy, they
first make mad." In other words, that
which is to be eliminated by any living
and growing organism, must flrst be rendered a nuisance to that organism. Then
it will be gotten rid of, no matter how
serious the process. Autocracy, the
supreme expression of which is the military establishment with Its brutal indifference to human life and human welfare, becomes an uncontrollable mad*
ncsB in the presence of human aspirations for democracy and liberty. And
thus becoming flrst mad, it becomes di
vinety fitted for destruction. And it
will as surely be destroyed, and thus
sloughed off by the social organism, as
are other nuisances disposed of by organic bodies in the processes of their
growth. And with all duo deference to
the opinions of our opinionated friends
who see nothing in the present war except a scrap for trade, that is just what
civilization is now doing in Europe. It
is sloughing off an autocratic tyranny,
a brutal and tyrannical holdover from
IN THESE days of high cost of living
and the multitude of annoyances
that incidentally follow, it becomes
a positive pleasure to bo able to chronicle any suggestion that might be of
value in lessoning
PREVENTION the eost of living or
OF OOAL making      provision
SHORTAGE, against a shortage
of the necessities of
life. Amongst the many necessary
thingsthut have been difficult to obtuin
in sufficient quantities in many parts of
the country, and that have risen phenomenally in price in consequence, coal is
by no means the least. In many parts
of Canada there hns been a veritable
coal famine." ThiB has resulted in
much discomfort, if not in actual suffering. But fortunately for all concerned, there is no logical reason why sjich
a Btate of affairs should ever again obtain, for the Commission of Conservation, at Ottawa, has issued a bulletin
clearly sotting forth a line of action to
bo followed by all users of coal, that
will preclude the possibility of their
coal bins ever again becoming empty in
time of need.
This delightful bulletin points out
that "in Canada many people buy coal
in small quantities—often only a ton.''
Then, if their small quantity happens to
be used up at any time in the winter,
it may be impossible for the dealer to
immediately supply their needs. It may
be impossible to obtain enough coal at
such times to supply all of the customers
requiring coal. "Whereas," says the
bulletin, "had they purchased their
coal in the summer or autumn, there
would be ample supplies available."
All of whioh ib so simple and delightfully easy that it is really a wonder that
we did not realize it before. Anybody
ought to be able to understand that if
enough coal was purchased in the "summer or autumn'' to last all through the
winter, there would be no discomfort
and suffering resulting from an empty
coal bin. Such being the case, how foolish it is to persist in purchasing in such
small quantities as a ton, a sack or a
bucketful. Of course, every working-
man, either rural or urban, has all kinds
of money with which to make purchases
during these piping times of high wages
and prices, so that limited purchasing
power cannot be offered as an excuse.
Instead of purchnsng a ton at a time,
each one should buy at least Ave or ten
tons. Instead of hoarding their fabulous
wages, if they are wage-earners, or the
equally fabulous sums gathered from the
sale of their products if they are farm-
era, these would-be users of coal should
lay in lots of it daring the summer
months, thus making safe provision
against the storm and frost of winter.
As the bulletin naively remarks, "buy
your coal in the summer. If you have
not sufficient storage, enlarge your coal
bin.' *
*      *      *
It may thus be seen that the Commission of Conservation has you recipients
of high wages and fabulous prices for
farm products pretty well sized up. It
knows that you have the long green,
and are too stupid to properly use it
without some one furnishes you with
the necessary advice and instruction.
And to do so is the purpose of the commission, glory be.   Buy largely in the
summer or autumn." No matter if
your wages are completely swallowed in
purchasing enough spuds and other luxuries to keep yourselves and families
from starving to death, still buy large
quantities of "eoal in the summer."
Then you will-be all right, and in no
danger of perishing with the cold. See
the point f If you have no more than
the price of a Back of coal, or even a
bucketful, "enlarge your coal bin,"
and lay in at least three or four tons
i the summer or autumn." Then
you may Bit by your roaring fire through
the severe winter months and bid defiance to Jack Frost and his keen and
cutting humor. And when you say your
ovening prayer be good enough and
grateful enough to call down the blessing of heaven upon the Canadian Commission of Conservation for putting you
wise as to how to po oasily avoid the
uncomfortable experience of becoming
frozen stiff because you did not have
sense enough to enlarge you coal bin
and buy fuel by the carload. What in
the world, would become of us all were
it not for the existence of these wise
guardians and saviors who thus so deftly steer us through the perplexing mazes
of this glorious, sane and satisfying old
capitalist scheme of skinning, torturing,
starving, pinching and freezing simpletons and slaves! For even with all of
this guiding wisdom, we do not seem to
be having a particularly joyous timo of
it. Without such paternal guidance we
certainly would be in a—well, an awful
predicament—to say the least.
were induced to do so as a part of the
deliberate plan of their economic masters to so strip them of all power during the period of the wor, as to leave
them utterly helpless to resist the in-
ereasodly brutal and merciless exploitation that will be imposed upon thom
during the reconstruction era to follow.
And these workers, under the traitorous
leadership of knaves within their own
ranks, fell for the designing schemes of
their masters and are today about as
completely stripped of power and means
of defense as were their.forebears during the days when they bore the yoke
of serfdom upon thoir necks and the
capitalist and his wage slavery had not
yet been born.
♦ *      *
Concession after concession has been
made by organized labor from alleged
patriotic motives, until practically
everything that had been gained
through tbe struggles of tho last century, have been lost. Ono drastic industrial regulation after another has
been imposed upon tbem, severely limiting the freedom of the individual worker and tremendously increasing the
legal powers of the employers. To be
absent from work for even a single day,
without permission of a medical officer,
is an offence punishable by fine or imprisonment, nnd no worker can change
his employment except with the written
consent of his boss. From the columns
of such old country paper • as reach us,
we note that a multitude of fines and
jail sentences are being Imposed upon
the workers under the provisions of
this new regime of patriotic paternalism, that has been inaugurated for the
purpose of safeguarding "liberty and
democracy" against the assaults of
Prussian military autocracy. It iB to
laugh.
• *      *
As to the peculiarly sinister complexion of the present political executive
of British capitalism, little need be said
other than to mention the personnel of
the Lloyd George cabinet. It contains
the names of Lord Rhonda, chairman of
the British Coal Trust, and Sir Albert
Stanley, managing-director of the London Underground Bailway system. The
minister of food control, Lord Davenport, is a successful food merchant. Sir
Joseph P. Maclay, a prominent shipowner, holds the position of shipping
controller. The president of the board
of agriculture, Roland E. Prothero, is
business manager for the Duke of Bedford, one of the world's richest landlords. Sir Albert Mond is a representative of the Alkali Trust, and both Sir
Fredeick Cawley and Albert Illing*
worth have large interests in England's
textile industry. Bonar Law haB had a
long business career as an iron master.
Many members of thiB interesting cabinet are not even members of parliament, but merely represent different
sections of British capitalism. This list
is taken from the Australian Worker,
whieh adds, "It iB true that the cabinet
contains three Labor representatives,
but these are of the tame rabbit variety, and of no consequence."
* * "   *
From the makeup of this particular
executive of the ruling class of Britain,
it may be readily seen how very cleverly the Lloyd Georges and other guardians of capitalist interests have been
doing polities in the interests of their
masters, while the stupid workers have
been relinquishing all of their rights
and privileges in order to better enable
their country to win its battles against
the tyranny, intrigue and chicanery
of the "Hun." While the simpletons
of Labor have thus patriotically surrendered their all, their worthy and 'unscrupulous masters have been doing
good politics for the purpose of hamstringing the Labor movement and
leaving the workers helpless and hopelessly shackled for an intensified and
merciless exploitation in the hereafter.
Were it not so exerutiatingly tragic it
would be a fit subject for still further
mirth. The capitalist masters may indeed laugh as it is.
Zealand, brought him to a healthy realization of the fact that even the titles
bestowed upon public officials were
sometimes chosen with a most pronounced inclination to preserve the
heavenly harmonies and do no unnecessary violence to the eternal fitness of
things.
THE FEDERATIONIST has pointed
out upon several occasions the danger that lurks behind the action of
the trade unions of Great Britain in
surrendering all that they have gained
through centuries of
DOING struggle, in order to
POLITICS meet   the    require-
IN BRITAIN. ments of the ruling
class of that country
in its conflict with the feudal survival
of mid-Europe. We do not for a moment believe that it was really necessary that the workers of Britain should
have surrendered any of their hard won
rights or privileges, in order to have
successfully met the Teutonic onslaught,
but we are firmly convinced that they
The more baby war bonds the government can induce the workers to buy,
the less inclined will those workers be
to repudiate the debt' when the time
comes to do so. But it will take more
than that to stave off a social revolution at the close of the war. The"
workers are about fed up on seeing patriotic profiteers wallowing in legally
stolen Bwng whilo they go short of eats
and do all the work.
Quite a number of.political hangers-
on would havo had to enlist or starve
by this time had it not been for the
many appointments of commissions to
inquire into the h. c. of 1. A man with
a blind eye and a cork one could see
that all that's the matter with the
food supply in Canada is that a bunch
of legalized robbers own or control it
all and aro simply demanding their
pound of flesh. The modern namo of it
all is Business.
If wages represent the exchange valuo of the labor power of a worker,
which is purchased na a commodity in
the market by the employer, and the
supply of labor power in the market is
at all times fully equal to or in excess
of the demand for it, by what process
of reasoning can any sane person arrive at the conclusion that its price
can bc forced above the actual cost of
its production!' If the labor power of
the worker is not a commodity and subject to the same merciless though unwritten .laws of tke market as any other
commodity, will some equally Bane person be kind onough to explain what it
is!
We used to hear a good deal how
Socialism would destroy the home. If
that is really to be the case, it will
have to hurry.
Enlist todayl Bob Sogers and B. B.
Bennett need the money. An "alien
enemy," a Chink, or your Bweetheart
will do the work, at starvation wages,
If the British government needs men
to do manual labor in the old land, why
not hire Chinamen and bring them to
England! Cost less than taking white
men from Canada and importing Chinks
to replace them hore. Still, there isn't
much difference in the pay, after all,
when one comes to think it ovor.
In New Zealand conscription has
been forced upon the people as the arbitrary act of a capitalist government,
Will some person who decries political
action upon- the part of the workers in-
form us whether such action waB an ex-
ercise of economic power or political
power! Or again, was it or was it not
direct action!
"After all, isn't it absurd to have
to plead with and persuade the people
to take charge, through their government, of their own business affaire!
Yet this is what must be done. The
majority of the people still cling stupidly to the belief that our important
public industries can be best managed
by private capitalists. And this in Bpite
of the masB of facts to the contrary."
All exchange values are produced by
labor. It iB the only creative force
outside of divinity, and some people even entertain doubts as to the latter. If
labor produces all exchange value, what
would constitute the laborer's fair
share of what he produces! Who upon any pretense of moral right could
justly lay claim to any sharo thereof
except the laborer himself! Will the
parson pleaBe answer!
Not knowing the meaning of the title
"Stipendiary Magistrate,'r a curious
reader consulted the dictionary and
found that "stipendiary" signifies
hireling. This coupled with some experience he at one time had when hauled
before such a magistrate in far New
Capital is a joke. It ia also a fake,
Stripped of all nonsense and moonshine
it is nothing but the control of labor.
The capitalist doos nothing except own
the product of labor. His capital —
control of labor—iB purely constituted
of legal edict, cither made by himself
or his executive agent, . the capitalist
Btate. In vulgar parlance, it is pure
"bull con," backed up by the club.
While it is really a laughable fake,
it is a most serious and unsavory joke
to tho toiling Blaves who are its vie
time.
The Labor Press. What n wonderful
thing it could become Were the workers
tb give it the loyal support that they
give to the great dailies. With a fully
equipped labor pross driving home the
great facts of modern industrial conditions new worlds could be conquered
by the tramping feet of millions of industrial Boldiers. Jusj; give a few stray
thoughts to this proposition. It might
give you much illumination. It might
result in getting you to do your duty
along this particular line of effort. —
Progressive Labor World.
The first strike of American workers occurred in 1802 in New York
City. John Bach McMasters, in his
"History of the People of the United
States." relates that sailors who were
receiving $10 a- month demanded an
increnso to $14. This being refused,
they left their work and marched along
the river front, headed by a brass band.
They coaxed or compelled other sailors
to join the procession. However, "the
constables were soon in pursuit, arrested the leader, lodged him in jail, and
so ended the earnest of labor strikes."
Progressive Labor World.
Just to show how war helps business
it, might be well to note thnt the Du-
pont Powder Company sold but $150,-
000,000 worth of powder during thc
year 1915, but this was increased to
$318,000,000 for the year 1916. It is
true that war results in the killing and
maiming of quite a number of persons,
but what ice does that cut alongside
of the nice juicy proflt that is brought
to the horny hands of the toiling and
sweating powder barons and other
equally worthy and deserving ones!
Long live war, glorious war. War uber
alles.
The imprisonment of Earl Liebnecht
created a vacancy in the Prussian legislature. Liebknecht held the seat for
the Potsdam division in that body.
Potsdam is the home of the kaiser, let
it not be forgotten. At the election recently held for the purposo of filling
the seat, the revolutionary Socialist
candidate was elected by an overwhelming majority. The elections for the
Prussian legislature are indirect, the
electors voting for delegates, who, in
turn, vote according to instructions received from the electors. Out of a
total of 288 delegates, 218 were revolu-
cial Patriots, professing to represent the
triots —| profeBBing to represent the
majority of the Social Democratic Party, that valiant aggregation that has
even outdone the very Junkers themselves in patriotism and loyalty to the
kaiser and hiB schemes—while the com-,,
bined non-Socialist parites were represented by the remaining 44. Revolutionary Socialism is evidently not yet
dead in Germany, as some so fondly
have hoped. It is a safe prediction
thnt the "rod spectre" will Burvive the
storms of war and still', haunt tho
dreams of monarchs and profit lords in
the days to eome, with an even greater
and more stubborn persistence than before the dogs of war were unleashed.
According to the nows dispatches,
Liout.-Col. Williams, a naval recruiting officer, is authority for the assertion that "conscription is coming for
a certainty." ThiB is a statement he
is alleged to have made during an address at Calgary laat Sunday evonin'g.
"While I cannot say the exact date at
which conscription will be introduced,
it is Buro to come. I only wish I could
Bet the date," he added. And then for
good measure he volunteered. a word of
admonition to the "slackers" by saying that "those who did not go to war
voluntarily would soon be forced to
go." We, too, would like to fix a
date, and it would be that upon which
a fancy job lot of loud-mouthed recruiting boosters would depart'for the firing
line in France, where they would bo
able to do more effective shooting for
their country than in loafing around
here in Canada, some three thousand
miles from all danger, just merely
shooting off their mouths. To be absolutely candid about it, we are unable to
distinguish between the respective merit of a dyed-in-the-wool "slacker" and
a noisy braggart who incurs no greater
danger than that involved in bullyragging others into a real danger zone. At
any rate tho despised dyed-in-the-wool
'' Blacker'' does not do his slacking for
so much per. And that is one point in
his favor at least.
'A nation in tears is the business
man's opportunity." A broken heart
is a poor weapon with wjiich to fight
the daily battle for bread. And ns the
corporations in Canada have no souls
or hearts to break, they are mnking the
most bf the nation's sorrow by insisting
that their hired men in the legislative'
halls confine National Service to wage-
workers, while they are at full liberty
to pilfer and plunder at will. Unheard of profits are being coined out of
war conditions, while the Immediate
friendB of those' who are doing all the
work and moat of the fighting are in
many cases going hungry. It's about
time sorrow was converted into anger
and the bunch of profiteers infesting
Canada called to account. Fewer farcical "inveBtigationa" and a little action
is what is needed. Small wonder enlistments are falling off.
In view of the fact that every effort
of organized labor to better the conditions of employment and living is frustrated and nullified by the powers of
government, it is indeed an edifying
spectacle to seo that gallant galaxy of
groat American labor leaders, including Mr. Gompers, nnd the various heads
of tho railway brotherhoods, hastening
to vociferously assure the government
authorities at Washington that organized labor may be absolutely depended
upon for loyalty ond sacrifice in case
of war. Especially in view of the neat
and effectivo manner in which the governing authorities have side-stepped
and so far nullified the efforts of the
railway men to obtain the eight-hour relief for which they have so earnestly
yearned, this offer of cringing loyalty
and sacrifice affords an illustration of
"licking the hand that wields the
lash," that makes the canine exemplification of that slavish performance
look like the work of an amateur,
The premier of Manitoba brought into the legislature a grandiloquent motion which "declared $hat in order to
bring the war to a successful conclusion,
the obligation rests 'upon each citizen to
respond to "the demands which may be
made upon him by the - authorities entrusted by the people with the responsibility, with regard both to his personal services and his financial resources." With the ve*r laudable purpose
in view of making ifce Premier'b motion
mean something tangible, R. A, Rigg offered an amendment to the effect
"that this should include an immediate
conscription of wealth and the taking
over of the essential industries of the
country by the government." And out
of that august body but two votes were
recorded as in favor of the amendment.
These were the votes of Rigg and Dixon. It may thus be seen that even patriotism has certain limits beyond which
it cannot go. Which leads one to feel
sure It Ib mostly noise and bluster in
the great majority of cases.
JOHN A. BARBER
I '    Fire
InSUrSillCe Automobile
U19IUOIIVC Maine, etc.
ESTATES MANAGED, VALUATORS
690 Bichards Straet     Say. 4434
J. Edward Sasts     Office: Sejr. 4146
SEARS &PATTON
Barristers, Solicitors, Conejrauera, Elc.
*   Victoria and Vancouver
vancouvor Office:  616*7 Rogers Bldg.
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Vancouver  Pickle  Co.
ask for
B. O. BOME BRAND PICKLES,
KETCHUP, SAUCE
Highland 21   Factory 801 Powell
Pbone Sey. 5183  1296 Granville
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
SEAT COVEBS, AUTO UPHOLSTERING, TOPS RECOVERED
Jobbing Work a Specialty
E. A. BAILEY
PLDMBINO AND STEAMFITT1NO
Phone Sey. 136 and Res. Bay. 77
1033 OBANVILLE ST., Vanccuver
ELECTRIC FIXTURES
DINING ROOM DOMES
36% DISCOUNT
The Jarvis Electric Co.
570 Richards Street
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & CO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Granville Straet
619 Eastings Street West
DO IT .NOW
Get busy and have your old bicycle
made like new. We will enamel and
make your wheel look like new front
16.60 up.   All klnda of repalra at
HASKINS ft ELLIOTT
616-618 Bowl Hastlngi 412
ASK TOUE OEOOEB FOE
PRIDE OF ALBERTA, and
MOTHERS' FAVORITE
FLOUR
UNION MILLED
J. PHILLIPS ll OO*. Aunts
Phone 6416 1228 Hamilton
SMITH'S BUTTON WORKS
Hemstitching, buttons covered, ecal*
lopping, button holes, pinking, epong*
ing and shrinking, lettering, pioot edging, pleating, niching, embroidery,
hemming.
663 Granville St. 1311 Donglu St.
VANCOUVEB, B.O. VIOTOBIA, B.O.
Phone Sey. 3191 Phone 1J60
THEATRICAL
COLUMBIA 6—BIO A0T3—6
COUNTRY STORE
Every Friday Night
FUN-PRESENTS-FUN
Matinee
10 centa
Ohlldren So
Pricei
Boxes
26c
Evening
16 centa
Children lOo
fhouc eiv. eta
DAILY
2.30
THIS WUK 1        aMNvauiT.    8.20
■ " TMI UtT Of MbDgVIUI"——
Matinee Prices: Evenings
10c, 15c, 25c, 50c.     10c, 25c, 36c. 76c
PantageS
Unequalled Vaudeville Maui
PANTAOES VAUDEVILLE
THBEE SHOWS DAILY
2:45, 7120, »:16     Seaaon's Prion.
Matinee, 16o; Evenings. Ue, 280
.. 4 _ _ n BAKINti
NABOB powder
You must use the best of
baking powders or else the
results of your baking may
not justify your work. Use
NABOB Baking Powder. It"
is pure and wholesome.
TOUR OROOER SELLS IT
LECKIE
SHOES
As well as our heavy miners' and loggers' Boots, we
also make a fine line of street
shoes for city wear.
Every pair is of the same
standard that has made the
name "LECKIE" famous
throughout Canada.
Get properly fitted with a
LECKIE SHOE at your dealer's today, and know the
lasting satisfaction that goes
with good shoes.
The Quality goes IN before the name goes ON—
that's a Leckie.
Made in
British Columbia
Strain Your Eyes—
Waste Your Health!
F your eyes are defective, thty are
under constant strain, snd tibia
strain of the most Important organ of
the body (>o closely In touch with the
great central storehouse of energy) It
a constant drain upon the vitality.
Insomnia <sleopIesinesi), lndiges*
tlon and stomach trouble, and many
other functional disturbances, including headache and extreme nervous-
ness, are often caused by eyea that are i
defective without the possessor being
aware of It. If you suffer from any
of these things, you will do well to
have your eyes examined at once.
Defeotive vision, of course, means
that the eyes are defective, and that
glasses are required. To delay means
to court ill-health as well as to suffer
Continual discomfort. It may be dangerous.
Don't go on straining your ayes.
Attend to tL**m at one* ud avoid
danger. Onr credit system makes
It pouible for you-to Monro your
glasses at onee, and pay for thom
whtte yon ue wearing nam.
Limited
8tb Floor Birks Building
Seymonr 4666
IS.
Orpheum
Cafe
762 Oranvllle Btreet
OPPOSITE (
ORPHEUM THEATRE
If not the best, as good
as any in the city.
The best the market
affords.
UNION HOUSE OmOIAL   PAPEE   VANCOUVER
TBADES AND LABOB OOUNOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiAL ram nmn aaa.
UKBU rBDBBATIOa Or LABOB
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 11
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, MARCH 16,1917
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEETS
first and third Thursdaya. Executive
board; Jamea H. McVety, president; Fred A.
Hoover, vice-president; Victor R. Mldgley,
general seoretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles. treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, statistician; sergeant-at-arms, Qeorge Harrison; A.
J. Crawford, Jaa. Campbell, F. Haigh, truatees.
ALLIED  PRINTINO TRADES COUNCIL—
Meets  second  Monday  in  the  mouth.
President, J. -McKinnon;  aeoretary, B.  H,
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Offlce,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meeta flrat
Sunday of eaoh month. President, James
Campbell; financial seeretary, U. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4762; recording secretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main atreet.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION-
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays iu the month,
Room 206 Labor Temple. President. L. E.
Herrltt; secretary, B. ti. Grant, 604 Georgia
atreet,	
, BRICKLAYERS   AND   MASONS,   NO.   1—
Meet  2nd  and 4th Wednesdays,   8  p.m.,
Room 307.   President, Chaa. F. Smith; cor*
responding aeoretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 68
financial  aeoretary,  W.  J.  Pipes
agent, W. B. Dagnall, Room 216.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 261,1. U.
U. B. W. of A.—MeeU flrat and third
Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, A. Sykes; secretary. Frank Graham, 2256 Twelfth avenue
west.
BROTHERHOOD    OF    BOILER    MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meets
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue weet;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
OPERATING ENGINEERS — Local No.
620. Meets every Sunday, 8 p.m., Room 216,
Labor Tomple. President, Wm, Walker;
vice-president, J. R, Flynn; secretary-treasurer, W. A, Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Temple.   Phone, Sey. 7406.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meeta In
annual convention in January. Exeoutlve
officers, 1017-16: President, J. Naylor, Box
416, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vancouver: Jas. H. MoVety, V. R, Midgley, Labor
Temple. Vlotoria: J. Taylor, Box 1816. Van*
couver Island; W. Head, South Wellington,
Prince Rupert; W. E. Thompson, Box 694,
New Westminster: W. Yates, 008 London
street. Kootenay District; A. Goodwin, Box
26, Trail. Crows Nest Valley: W. B, Phillips, 176 McPherson avenue. Secretary*
treasurer: A. 6. Wells, Box 1688, Victoria,
B. 0.
VICTORIA, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MeeU flrst and third Wednesday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1278 Den-
man street; secretary, B. Simmons, Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
OPERATING ENGINEERS—Local 446.
Victoria, B. 0. P. 0. address Box 92. Local
union meets flrst and third Sunday, 10 a-ra.
Place of meeting, Labor Hall, DeCoamoa blk.
Preeldent, J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; secretary, J. M. Amer, 1046 McOlnre street; business agent, S. Cullum, phone 1101R.
APPEAL OF BELGIAN
TO
I '
Appalling Record of German
Brutality and Labors'
Crucifixion
MEW WESTMINSTER. B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784, New Westminster,
MeeU seeond Sunday of eaeh month at 1*80
p.m.   Seoretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 406.
PRINOE BUPERT. B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOR
Council—MeeU seeond and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hall. President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, J, "
Anderson, Box 278, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. I.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THE
Pacific—MeeU at 437 Gore avenue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russell Kearley, business
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
—MeeU in Room 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet; reeordlng secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple; financial
secretary and businsss agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
| INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
sooiation, Looal 88-52—Office and hall,
10 Powell etreet.    MeeU every Thursday 8
! p.m. Secretaryftreasurer, F. Chapman; business agent, J. Mahone.
MACHINISTS,  NO.   182—MEETS  SECOND
and fourth Thursdaya at 8 p.ra.    Presl-
[ dent,   Wm.   Small;  recording  secreUry,   J.
Brooks:  financial secretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Beymour 7405.	
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
tors' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. S. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets flrst Sunday of each
. month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President,
| J, R. Foster;  business agent,  Sam Haigh;
financial and corresponding secretary, 0. A.
Hanson, P. 0. Box 845.
I PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouvor    and     vicinity.—
Branch  moots  second  and  fourth  Mondays,
Room 205,  Labor Temple.    President,  Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue west; flnan-
' clal   secretary,   J.   Campbell,   4869    Argyle
f street; recording secreUry, E. Westmoreland,
i 1512 Yew street.   Phone Bayvlew 269BL.
I BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS—Local No.
188—MeeU  aecond an  fourth Thursdays
I of each month, room 808, Labor Temple.
President, John McMell; financial secreUry,
Geo. H. Weston; recording aeoretary, Jas.
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple.	
| BTREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
I ployees,   Pioneer   Division,   No.   101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble;
vice-president, E. S. Cleveland: recording see,
tary, A. Y. Lofting, 2561 Trinity etreet
phone Highland 108R; financial secreUry and
business agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
| drive, offloe corner Prior and Main streeU.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 672, U. M. W. OF A.—
Meets second and fourth Sunday of each
month, at 8.80 p.m-, Richards HaU. Presl'
dent, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. I ven;
reeordlng seoretary, Ju. Bateman; finanoial
secretary, S. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
LIST OF UNIONS AFFILIATED WITH
THE  B.  0.  FEDERATION  OF LABOB
| JOURNEYMEN     TAILORS'     UNION     OF
(America, Local No, 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday in eaeh month, 6 p.m. Prodi-
dent, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 60S; financial secretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—Meets
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President, H. 0. Benson; vice-president,
W, R. Trotter; seoretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.	
| OFFICERS OF THS AMERICAN FEDEBATION OF LABOB
I President—Samuel Oompers. Washington, D.
I     O.f Cigarmakers International union,
f First vice-president—James Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.;    Granite    Cutters'    InUrnetlonal
[union.
Second  vice-president—Jamea  O'Connell,   of
Washington, D. C; International Association of MachlnisU.
Third vice-president—W. D. Mahon, Chicago,
111.. Street Railway Employees' union.
Fourth  vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati;    Moldera'    union   of    North
•••America.
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'umbera.
Sixth   vice-president—H.   B.    Perham,    Bt.
I    Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphera,
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis; United Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio
United Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John   B,   Lonnon,   Bloomlngton,
111.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
(Secretary—Frank Morrison, Washington D.
P.; International Typographical union.
_^ssssajf^
^EA Of America --Oxr
cewiioHTtmoiMteMHimiiionos
Vote against prohibition! Demand
sonal liberty in choosing what yon will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, ae a guarantee that lt la Union
S Made, This Is our Label
I SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
HfOAL mining rights of the Dominion, in
m_V>~* Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
stud in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of $1 an aore.
Not more than 2,560 aores will be leased to
lone applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of tbe district in which the rlghta applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
lections,   and  in  unsurveyed  territory  the
*r»ct applied for ahall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
_i fee of 86 which will be refunded if tut.
■rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise.    A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
>f Ave eents per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall far-
itsh the Agent with sworn returns accounting
'or the full quantity of merchantable coal
lined and pay the royalty thereon. If tne
.jal mining rights are not being operated,
|ueh returns should be furnished at least
>nee a year.
The lease wtll Include the eoal mlnl»
lights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46
leorge Y. assented to 12th June, 1914.
. For full Information application should ne
ij^ade to the Seoretary of the Department of
H?" Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
gent of Dominion Landa,
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of tne Interior.
'N.B.—Unauthorised publication of this ad-
srtiaement will not be paid fer.—88676.
Blacksmiths—Revelstoke—Jaa. M. Goble, Y.
M. 0. A. Box, Revelstoke, B, 0.
Brewery Workera—Vanoouver—M. 0. Austin, 782 7th avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Barbers—Victoria—G. W. Wood, 1807 Government street, Victoria, B. 0.
Boiler Makers—Vancouver—A. Fraser, 1161
• Howe street, Vancouver/ B. C.
Boiler Makers—Victoria, A. Stewart, P. 0.
Box 48, Beaumont, P. 0., B. 0.
Bookbinders—Victoria — E. Sturgeon, 141
Eberts street, Victoria, B. 0.
Bookbinders—Vanoouver—W. H. Cowderay,
1885 84th avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Boot and Shoe Workers—Tom Cory, No. 132
Templeton Drive.
Brewery   Workere—New   W estmlnster—Jas.
A. Munday, 834 Columbia street east, New
Westminster, B. C.
Boiler Makers—Revelstoke—A. MoMahon, P.
0. Box 138, Rovelstoke, B. C.
U.   B.   Carpenters—Victoria—W.   Galloway,
Labor Hall, Victoria, B, C.
A.   S.   U.  B.   Carpenters—Victoria—J.  Ley,
P. 0. Box 770, Victoria, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Prince Rupert—F. Salter.
P. 0. Box 694, Prinoe Rupert, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—Robt. Jardine, P.
0. Box 1006, Nelson, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—G. Fraeer, P. 0.
Box 254, Nelson, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Trail—F. Camsell, Trail,
B. 0.
Cigar Makers—Vancouver—T. H. McQueen,
72 Water etreet, Vancouver, B. 0.
Cigar Makers—Victoria—G us Roaby, 1255
Pandora street, Victoria.
Electrical Workers—Vancouver—E. H, Morrison, Labor Templo, Vancouver, B. 0.
Electrical Workers—Prince Rupert—S. Mas-
soy, P. 0. Box 944, Prince Rupert, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Victoria—W. Reld, 586
Ceoilia road, Victoria, B. 0.
Garment Workers—Vancouver—Mra. Helen
Jardine, Labor Temple.
Horaoshoers — Vancouver — Thos McHugh,
2045 Pine street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Horseshoers—Victoria—R. S. Williams, 622
Pandora street, Victoria, B, 0.
Letter Carriers—Victoria—0. Siverts, 1278
Donman street, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Victoria—Frank Varney, P.
0. Box 1816, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos. Nixon, 10
Powell street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Prince Rupert—F. Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 681, Prince Rupert, B. C.
Moving   Ploture   Operators—Vanoouver—H.
C. Roddan, 2547 McKensle street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Machinists—Vanoouver—J, H. MoVety, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B, 0.
Maehlnists—Revelstoke—D. Bell, P. 0. Box
234, Revelstoke, B. 0.
Machinists—Cranbrook—W. Henderson, P. 0.
Box 827.
Machinists—Victoria—R. H. Scholes, 2720
Fifth Btreet.
Moulders—Victoria—F. A. Rudd, P. 0. Box
81, Beaumont P. 0., B. 0.
Moulders—Vancouver—W. H. Cooke, 651
Sixth avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Painters—Victoria—J. Beckett, Labor Hall,
Victoria.
Paper Makers—Powell River—J. E. Mo
"rath, Powell River, B. 0.
Pattern Makers—Victoria—Geo. T. Murray,
1048 Sutley street, Victoria, B. 0.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoreland, 1512 Yew street, Vancouver B. 0.
Plumbers—Vancouver—H. Mundell, P. 0. Box
1181, Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Victoria—J. Fox,' Labor Temple,
Victoria, B. 0.
Bro. Bailway Carmen—Revelstoke—Harry
Parsons,. Revelstoke, B. 0,'
Bro. Railway Carmen—Nelson—C. H. Phillips, P. 0. Box 906, Nelson. B. 0.
Bro. Railway Carmen — Vanoouver — H.
Brooks, 1360 Graveley street, Vancouver.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Cranbrook—J. Whit-
taker, P. 0. Box 607, Cranbrook, B. C.
Bro. Railway Carmen—North Bend—John
MoDonald, North Bond, B. 0.
Sheet Metal Workers—Victoria—G. Kreh-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenue, Victoria, B.C.
Steam and Operating Engineers—W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Steam Englneera—Victoria—J. Aymer, P. 0.
Box 92, Victoria, B. 0.
Stage Employees—Victoria—L. D. Foxgord,
1880 Grant street.
Street Railway Employees—Victoria—R. A.
/i   n    1387 jonnMn ltpeet( victoria,
An Appeal That Should Call
Every Workingman
to Arms
(fcc5nS?>        $1.60 PER YEAR
AN APPEAL of 500,000 Belgian
workingmen to their fellow laborers in the.United Statea and Canada was
published early in January. Its authenticity ia attested by M. Hymans, the
Beigian minister to Great Britain, and
by Emile Vnndervelde, minister without
portfolio, and Henri Carton de Winrt,
Belgian minister of justice. The day
after the German authorities discovered
that this appeal, had been sent across
the frontier into Holland they increased
the monthly tribute levied on the Belgians from' 40,000,000 to 50,000,000
francs.   The translation follows:
In the name of the international solidarity of workers, tba working class of
Belgium, all threatened with slavery,
deportation and forced labor for the
enemy's benefit, addresses to the working class of America a aupreme appeal
for assistance, energetic and efficacious.
No more words of Bympathy, but aetion.
Tou are men, you understand us. Our
situation is desperate.
Germany, as you know, attacked and
terrorized Belgium in 1914, because the
latter defended the rights of her neutrality—-sworn faith and honor. Since
then Germany has been torturing Belgium. She has made it a prison. The
frontiers are armed against the Belgians
like a battlefront—trenches, wires,
barbed and electrified, and machine
guns. All our constitutional liberties
are abolished. No more security; the
life of the citizens is subjected to arbitrary policing without limit, as well as
without pity.
Germany has imposed upon her victim
an immense war contribution which haB
already passed the thousand million
mark and is increasing at the rate of
forty millions per month. She carried
off and had transported to Germany,
under the form of plunder, confiscation,
requisition, and forced sales, more than
five thousand million dollars' worth of
food and merchandise, industrial and
agricultural. At the same time she took
part of the raw materials of our factories, machines, and accessories. She thus
stopped our industry, and brought on a
want of work almost general among the
working class. For two years the Germans have been keeping up this plaint
of want of work until the day—in October, 1016—when Germany, needing
hands, could draw upon Belgium for the
workmen for whom she had such pressing need.
Yes, the Germans created the Belgian
want of work and kept it up to benefit
themselves.
By refusing England, who consented
to introduce new raw materials, the indispensable diplomatic control to prevent the manufactured goods being
taken by the Germans.
By preventing the means of terrible
edicts the Belgian communes, associations and private Belgians from giving
work to the unemployed, from attending
to their profossioal education, and from
employing them in work of public utility.
Thus five hundred thousand workmen
were reduced to a state of unemployment and kept in that state.
Contrary to the reports that the Ger
mans spread in foreign countries, these
unemployed nnd their families are not
dependent on public budgets, nor on
public charity. They were and are supported in all dignity and fraternity, by
a private fund, exclusively Belgian,
which never complains of its duty, or its
mission. The solidarity of the Belgian
social classes assures the life of this
magnificent work, which is without precedent in the history of tbe social ''en-
tr'aide."
To these 500,000 involuntary unemployed, made so by the Germans and
kept so by them, they have been saying
for a month;
'You will either sign n contract to
work for Germany or you will be reduced to slavery." In either case it means
exile, deportation, forced labor for the
benefit of the enemy and against our
country, dreadful punishments, the
oruelest that tyranny ever invented to
punish crimes. And what crimes f Involuntary unemployment that tho ty-
rant himself brought about and keeps
up. I
And as, in spite of the most odious I
sort of pressure, the Germans have not
been able to obtain the signatures—
which they dare call voluntary in their
official communiques fer neutral countries—they seize by force our workmen,
your brothers ana ours; they arrest
them by thousands eaeh day; they tear
them from their wives and their children; surrounded by bayonets they drag
them to the cattle trains and carry them
off to foreign lands, to France and to
Germany.
Forced to Lab.Or on Military Works.
On the western front they are forced
by the most brutal methods to dig
trenches, to prepare military aviation
fields, to make strategic routes, to fortify the German lines. And when the
victims refuse in spite of everything to
do thiB work forbidden by the law of
nations, they ill-treat them, they Btrike
them, they make them ill, they wound
them, and sometimes even kill them.
In Germany they throw them into the
mines, the quarries, the limekilns, no
matter what their age, profession or
trade. They deport pele-mele young
men of 17 years of age and old men of
60 year and over. Is this not slavery
of olden times in its horror! There have
been already more than fifty thousand
workmen, unemployed or not, who have
beon thus deported, prisoners or slaves.
Each day a new region is raided. They
use a dreadful apparatus—machine
guns and innumerable soldiers, and the
lugubrious military operation against
all thesu poor unarmed people, terrorized
but conscious of their violated rights.
Bo not forget that the soldiers who
make themselves the executioners of the
Belgian workera are German workmen.
And thus 500,000—maybe 800,000—men
will be deported, if you do not prevent
it. After the men, the women's turn
will come, no doubt; again 500,000.
It is the entire working class of Belgium which is threatened with slavery,
with starvation, with death.
Bo you know, American brothers,
what the Germans throw as* "salary"
to their victims f Thirty pfennings
(about 7 cents) per working dayi And
the food! • • • whatfoodl # *
* The Belgian civil prisoners who come
back from Germany after three months
of detention have lost one-third of their
weight; they are unrecognizable, nine*
mic, sick; many of them never regain
their health; they languish and die. If
this is the lot of the prisoners who do
nothing, what lamentable lot is in store
for the Belgian workmen deported and
subjected to the most painful sort of
labort
In a few months our working class,
the prido of our free country, will be
annihilated in its working force. Tho
duy that peace comes there will be no
longer any Belgian workmen capable of
taking up the great work of tho economic reconstruction of that which was
prosperous'Belgium, whose only crime
was to defend without weakness tho
rights of neutrals to life and honor.
TRADES UNION DIRECTORY
0. Dewar,
B. 0.
Street   Railway   Employees—New  Westminster—W, Tates, F. 0. Box 1031, Now Westminster, B. 0.
Teamsters'   Union—Pernio—E.   Peterson,  P.
0, Box 881. Fernie, B. 0.
Trades  Council—Vancouver—V. B.  Midgley,
Labor Temple, Vancouvor.
Trades Couneil—Victoria—B. Simmons, P. 0.
Box 802, Vietorla, B. C.
Trades    Counoil — New    Westminster — W.
Yates, F, 0. Box 1031, New Westminster,
B, 0.
Tailors—Victoria—E.  0.  Christopher,  P.  0.
Box 887, Victoria. B. 0.
Tile Layers—Victoria—T. King, P. 0. Box
1212, Vlotoria, B. 0.
Typographical Union—Prince Rupert—A. 0.
Franks, P. 0. Box 1021. Prince Rupert,
B. 0
Typographical Union—Vernon—W, J. Dock*
ray, P. 0. Box 641, Vernon, B. C.
Trades    Counoil — Prince    Runert — W.    E.
Thompson, P. 0, Box 158,
B. 0.
Brotherhood   of  Railway  Trainmen—D.   A.
Munro, 686 Ninth avenue east, Vancouver,
B. 0.
United Mine Workers—Thos, Fawkes,
Box 889, Cumberland, B. C.
United Mine Workers—H. Beard, Michel, B.
0.
United Mine Workers—Thos, Uphill, Fernle,
B. 0.
United _Mlne Worker*—A.
Allied Printing Tradea CouncU—R. H. Neelands, Box 68.
Prince Rupert,
P. O.
Armstrong,
0. Box
-Brnnno Kaarro, Soln*
McLellan, Nanal*
_    _., -ingle Pot M'--
Unlted   Mine   Workers—J.
Ladysmlth, B. C.
United Mine Workers—A, Dean, P
768. Nanalmo. B. 0.     '
United    Mine   Workera — James    Bateman,
South Wellington, B. 0.
United Mine Workers-
tula, B. 0.
Western Federation of Miners—
W. B. Mclsaao, P. 0, Box 606, Ymlr, B. C.
W. A. Mowlds, P. 0. Box 27, Stewart, B.C.
P. J. Bolman, P. 0. Box 28, Trail, B. 0.
Harry McGregor, VanAnda, B. 0.
J. Donoghne, Box K, Sandon, B, 0.
F. Lnbocher. Silverton, B. 0.
W, Smith, P. 0. Box 204, Phoenix, B. 0.
G. C. Marshall, P. 0. Box 421, Rossland,
B. 0.
Roy Bnrch, Moyle, B, 0.
J. Taylor, Klmberley, B. 0.
T. R. Wilier. P. 0. Box 876, Hedley. B. 0.
Frank  Phillips, P.  0.  Box  108, Nelson,
B. 0.
W. Lskewood, P. 0. Box 194, Greenwood,
B. OL
Barbers—S. U. Grant, 1801 Seventh avenue
WOBt.
Bartenders—W. H. Smith, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cattell, 2206 Fifteenth Ave.
west.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1686 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaet.
Boilermakers—A, Fraser, 1161 Howe atreet.
Brewery Workers—Frank Graham, 2268 12th
avneue west.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood  of Carpentera  Dlatrlct  Connell
—G. H. Page, Room 208, Labor Tomple,
Brotherhood uf Locomotive Englneera—L. T.
Bolloway, 1167 Harwooa siren.   Seymour
1848R
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—II. G.  Savage, 1285 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—
Brotherhood    of    Maintenance-of-Way    Employees—E. Corado, 286 Clark drive,
CigarmakerB—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory. Georgia street.
Cooks,  Waiters,  Waitresses—Andy  Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workers  (outside)—E.   H.   Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Engincors— (Steam  and  Operating)—W.  A.
Alexander, Labor Temple,
Granite   Cutters—Edward  Hurry,   Colombia
Hotel.
Garment Workera—Mrs. Jardine, Labor Temple,
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Letter   Carriers—Robt.   Wight,    177—17th
avenue weat.
Laborers—George Harrison,  Room  220,  Labor Temple.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St.'
Machinists—J.  Brooks,  Room   211,   Labor
Temple.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenne west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806, Labor
Temple.
Holders—G.  F.  Nichols,   121   Sixth  avenue
west.
Moving Picture Operators—A. A. Hanson, P.
0. Box 846.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty etreet.
Painters—Jas.   Wilson,   Room   808,   labor
Temple.
Plumbers — Room    206 %   Labor   Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611,
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush,  2276 Fourteen Ave.
west.    Bayvlew 2216L.
Pattern  Makers—Vancouver—E.   Westmoreland, 1512 Yew atreet.
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, eare Columbia Hotel.
Seamen's  Union—W.  S.  Burns,  P.  0,  Box
188S.
Structural Iron Workera—Room 308, Labor
Temple.
Stonecutters—
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 9180
Pender atreet east.
Street Railway  Employees—A. V.  Lofting,
2561 Trinity street.
Stereo typers—W. Bayley, eare Provlnee.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 149.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W, Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers  and  Helpera—A,  Jamleson,  840
Twenty-third avenue sast.
Trades and Labor Council-Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical—H, Neelanda, Box 61.
Vain Appeal to German Fledges.
We did everything that this supreme
cross of slavery might be spared us.
Our highest social authorities showed
the occupying powor the supreme injustices and all the iniquity of these measures. The highest court of appeal in
Belgium asked it to withdraw its edicts
becuuse thoy were contrary to "natural
law, to positive law, to the law of nations."
The Belgian Episcopate, witb the eminent Cardinal Mercier at its head, asked
it to withdraw its edicts boeause they
were contrary to morals and to its word
of honor given. Yes; to its word of
honor solemnly given in 1014 by the flrst
governor-general of Belgium, Feld Marshal von der Goltz, who proclaimed:
"Nover will the young men be taken to
Germany, either to be mustered into tho
army or to be employed in forced
labor." It was because they believed
the word of honor of the direct representative of the German Emperor that
the Belgian workmen camo back from
Holland after the siege of Antwerp, and
that the others remained. This is why
the Germans can take them now to deport them and reduce them to slavery.
American brothers, will you suffer itf
Our politicul representatives asked
them to withdraw their edicts, because
for a Belgian to work for the Germans
at this time means to fight Belgium.
Doos not the presence of each Belgian
workmen in Germany permit anothor
German soldier to bc sent to the front!
Our chiefs of industries asked the
withdrawal of tho edicts because thus
"all economic lifo in our country will
become impossible and it will be made
to draw its last breath."
The workmen, socialists and Catholics, men and women, united in one
thought of solidarity, ond one anguish,
asked the withdrawal of the cruel edicts
because thoy were contrary to rights, to
the word of honor givon, to civilization,
to patriotism and to the dignity of the
working class.
All remained in vain. Germany, who
has an extremo need of strung arms, did
not want to withdraw the application of
tbe edicts for a duy nor for an hour.
In. answer she only sont more soldiers
and moro machino guns. Now the Boi*
gian working class looks to tho neutral
powers.
She wonders if this time, in face of
this orime of lese-humanite, thoir conscience in revolt will not inspire at Inst
the energetic gesture which suits the
occasion, To allow such an abominable
deed to be committed—is it not taking
part in itf
The working class of Belgium wonders with anguish if neutral countries
this time again will wash their hands,
liko Pontius Pilate, under pretext tbat
the German calumnies do not correspond
to the complaints of their victims,
Belgium, martyr for right, wishes no
more verbal contestations nor platonic
sympathies.   She wants action.
Will the neutrals and their directing
Federation Executive Consider Proposal for a
Labor Lobby
Organization of Farm Labor
Impossible Because
of Finances
THE EXECUTIVE of the B. C. Fed-
eration of Labor held two brief businoss sessions at Victoria on Monday,
when the coast members were in the
eity to present requests for legislation
to the govornment.
Considerable business of a routine nature was transacted, covering matters
arising out of the actions of the Bevelstoke convention, as well as some sub*
jects which have Bince arisen.
The question1 of keeping a representative of Labor on duty in Victoria during the session of the legislature, waB
discussed. It waB pointed out that such
action was advisable, if it could be arranged, as by this means close watch
could be kept on any proposal affecting
the interests of the workers, mention
being made of the paragraph in the
speech from the throne intimating legislation providing for a fortnightly payday for certain industries. While the
proposal was viewed favorably, the
question of finance prevented immodiate
action, and the matter was laid over.
The question of the organization of
farm laborers came up on the reading
of a letter from the Vancouver Trades
and Labor council, enclosing a letter
from an Okanagan resident, which suggested such action as advisable. Owing
to lack of funds to undertake the work,
the executive was compelled to turn
down the suggestion.
MAT OLOSE SCHOOLS
DURING FRUIT PICKING
Department of Education Outlines Pro-
visions Governing Work. .-:
To meet the demands of fruit growers
for labor to assist in gathering and
packing the 1017 crop, tne provincial
department of education is arranging
for classes in tho high schools as well
as the senior and intermediate grades
being closed before or after the summer
holidays for a maximum period of five
weeks. The provision will be made on
application showing that 75 per cent, of
the pupils in any class undertake to
assist in the gathering of the fruit
crop.
Trade unionists and their friends
should always and everywhere demand
the union label on their goods, wherever possible.
Send for ten sub. postal cards, each
good for a year's subscription to The
Federationist—$10. "Tour credit is
good." Pay for as Bold to fellow employees.
classes let them act in this way! Will
they allow them to carry back civilization to the barbarous ages whon the
conqueror carried the vanquished people
into slavery f Will they allow the working class of a civilized nation to be annihilated f
"Be You Our Friends and Saviors."
Americans! If the others act in this
way, if the world must witness again
such a spectacle of cowardice, be you
at least our friends and our saviors.
We will never forget that it is thanks
to the United States that Belgium is not
dead of hunger. We hope that, thanks
to the United States of America, Belgium's working cluss will not be reduced to slavery worse than death.
American workmen! We do not doubt
you; our cause is yours. It seems to us
that if we do not tell you of tho attempt which threatens us, you will reproach ub some day, saying: "You had
not the right to keep quiet and to suffer
martyrdom in silence; you are a depository for your part of the honor of the
workmen's condition. If a nation of
civilized workers iB reduced somewhere
to servitude, all tho working clastt is
throutoned. It iB a terrible precedent.
We workmen of free America would not
have allowed a similar throat to bo
mado. It ia from slavery that the modern working class came; it cannot return to slavery!"
Araoricun brothers! We seem to hear
these prophetic words of our salvution.
You are numerous. You are powerful.
You are energetic. You aro an enormous force in tho most poworful of tho
neutral stutes, the one even that imposed moderation upon tho submurlne wur.
You alono in the world can help us
efficaciously. You alone in tho world
cun prevent an abominable crime
uguinttt tho working class, against yours.
You alone in the world can prevent all
the working clasB from fulling into a
stato of slavery.
American workmen! From tho bottom
of our distress wo look to you.   Act!
As to ourselves, even if forco succeeds for a timo in reducing our bodies
to servitude, our souls will never con
sent to it.
Wo add this: No matter what the tortures may be, we only want peace with
independence of our country and the-
triumph of justice.
THE BELGIAN WORKMEN.
Noy. -il, 1916.
BUSINESS AOENT DIRECTORY
Ask  tor Labor Templo  'Phon* Exchange,
Seymour   7496   (nnleae   otberwtte   itated).
Boilermaker!—J, H, Oarmlcbaol, care Hotel
Rogont, 140 Hastings street eaet,
Brotherhood of Carpentors—Jas. Robinson,
Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters—J, 0. Smith,
Hoom 208.
Electrical Worker* (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room SOT,    Bey. Bolt),
Deep Sea Flshermen'i Union—Rnsoel) Kear
lex. 487 Gore avenne. Offlce phone, Sey-
mtmr 4704; reildenee, Highland 1344L.
Longshoremen's Ainociatlon—J. Mahone, 10
Powell itreet; phone Sey. 6859.
Musicians—H. J. Braifleld, Room 805.
Sailors—W. S. Burni, SIS Hastings street
weat,     Sey,  870S,
Btreet Railway Employee!—Pred A. Hoover;
eor, Main and union. Pbone Eichange
Seymonr 6000. Residence, Fairmont 641R,
Typographical—R, H. Neelands. Room 306.
CASCADE BEER
"The Beer Without a Peer"
So popular became ii'i ao good. Oaicade ii brewed of tha
hlghert grade B. 0. hopi, and .-elected Canadian barley-malt,
and if aged for month* in our cellan before being offered to
the publie.
When You Buy CASCADE-You
Oet a Beer that hai knowledge and pure material back of it
TRY A DOZEN PINTS
TO BE CONVINCED
BREWED AMD BOTTLED AT THE BREWERY
-FOR SALE EVERYWHERE-
Vancouver Breweries Limited
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
-.$6-50
For your kitchen, Wellington nut T	
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
_$7.60
 6.50
4*0
Comox Lump
Comox Nut	
Comox Pea	
(Try our Tea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
____tik M  ii
MACDONALD-flARPOLE Co.
Phone
Seumour^
2K>
looi math amtmr
—IF IPS—
WOOD
PHONE HANBURVS
We can make immediate delivery on
Slabs, Edgings, Inside Fir
We have acquired ten additional teams for your
service. ,
J. Hanbury & Co., Ltd.
Fourth and Granville
Bay. 1076-1077
Is Street Railway Service Worth Anything
to You?
Do you want the present street car service, and do you want it to improve and expand with the city?
Then see that the street railway company's ability to give service is not cut down
by unfair competition.
The measure of the service you obtain depends upon the measure of your support1—
the best car service will result from your
giving your entire support to the street
railway service.
But if this company is forced to run at a
loss because the traffic for which it has in
years past prepared, is diverted to a competitor which is under much less obligations,
the service given by this company must ultimately decrease.
We want the public to realize that it has
the power to give itself better service—by
dealing fairly with this company.
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour
5000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
..March 16, 19)7 t
^LETTERS TO
pig™
The Worker and the War.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I have read
with muoh interest tho various articles
appearing in The Federationist referring to National Service, etc., and have
been expecting to seo sonic correspondence published dealing with tho subject from an angle less superficial than
the ono from, which the writers of your
articles approached it.
National Service has for its object the
increasing of the efficiency of the working class, in order that men may be displaced from industry, and, consequently
allowed (1) to join the army.
The Federationist takes the position
that National Service should be opposed until the government sees fit to take
over those industries upon which national life is based, implying thereby,
to my mind, that if those industries
were nationalized, the working class
should submit to industrial conscription
•(and conscription, too, for that matter.)
The whole thing, in the last analysis,
resolves itself into the question, "Has
the worker, in reality, anything in the
present war, to fight for?"
Those who answer that question in
the affirmative state that the worker has
for 3,511,770 acres of common land were
stolen from them and presented to the
landlords, through tho medium of parliamentary devices between 1801 and
1831. In this connection it iB hardly
possible to refrain from mentioning an
example of tho clearing of the land of
people that tho Highlands of Scotland
offers. The Duchess of Sutherland turned off the estate 15,000 inhabitants ^between 1814 and 1820. All their villages
wore destroyed and burnt, all their fields
turned into pasture. British soldiers enforced this eviction. Thus the fine lady
appropriated 194,000 acres that had
from time immemorial belonged to the
clan. She assigned tho expelled inhabitants to 6000 acres on the seashore.
Towards the ond of tho 19th century,
various schemes were brought forward
for getting a part of the people back on
the'land. Joe Chamberlain's cry of:
"Three acres and a cow," and, later,
the Small Holdings Act were but the
reflection of the land hunger that existed. The vast majority of the workers
still remain dispossessed of the land, in
which they hnd woll-dofined rights under
the feudal syBtem. In Canada the conditions are different. But here, too, the
working class have no "country." A
large number of the members of that
class thought they did Ave years ago.
But	
Thore is somo difficulty, therefore, in
proving that the workers have a country in the geographical sense, to flght
for.
Looking   at the problem   from the
(1) the King, (2) his country, 3) free-         o   _.   ,__  r.______   	
dom, (4) justice, (5) humanity, to flghtIstandpoint thnt "country" means those
for. institutions, conditions , etc., that aro
Now, what country has the average iu existence in the British Empire at
working   man!      Surely   it   is   not [present it seems to me that the case of
contended that he has a country in the
geographical sense f In England, the
rights that the feudal system gave the
serfs, and later on the free peasant proprietors, began to bo encroached upon
toward the latter part of the 15th century. The .Reformation accelerated the
expropriation during the 16th century.
In fact, so large were the numbers driven
off the land that the first poor law became necessary in England in the reign
of Queen Elizabeth. In spite of that,
the Yeomanry, that, class of independent peasants, were still numerous, but
they had disappeared by the middle of
the 18th century. The agricultural
laborers' common land continued to bo
taken from him, and even up to 1831,
the militarist is very little better,
What institutions has the worker so
much interest in that he could bo asked,
with any degree of logic, to flght for?
The institutions of private property?
Lloyd Qoorge stated in 1909 that thirteen million people in England wero on
the vorge of starvation, and X don't
think that the balance of the working
class there has so much property that
they are "burdened" with it. A number of small business men who thought
that they were secure Ave years ago,
are propertyless now in Canada, as well
as Great Britain, and of course, the
average wage plug here, like his English
and German brother, nevor did own
anything but his labor powor, blankets,
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
OAplUl 115,000,000 Best .,113,600,000
Main Office:   Corner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
CITY BRANCHES LOCATION
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. Pint Avenuo Md Commercial Drive
EAST END Cor. Pender and Main Streets
PURVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenne and Oranvllle Street
HASTINOS and CAMBIE Cor. Hastlngi and Cambie Streete
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenne and Tew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenne and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-eighth and Fraser Aves.
Alio North Vaneoaver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenne and Esplanade
etc. So he should worry. And besides,
they have the institution of private property in Germany; the war is not being
fought to abolish it. .
The church? Another great institution! The working men of the world
lire divided on the question of the desirability of keeping..that. But in order
to allay the fears of those in our ranks
who wish that machino for peddling
mental chloroform to be preserved, I
will remind them that the church—yes,
and the Salvation Army, too, exist and
flourish in Germany. /
Charitable institutions? What uro
they? Machinery for keeping tho body
and soul of the unemployed together
whon the crisis occurs—duo, by the way,
to the worker letting the boss tnko the
product and pocketing a pittance himsolf. If it is the sentiment of those
who say that the working class has
something to flglit for, that charity iB
part of that something then all I can
say is that I, for one, cannot concur in
it, because if there is one capitalist institution moro degrading and insulting
than nnother, it is the soup kitchen and
the bread line.
The hospitals even are not abovo reproach in that respoct, but it iB wasto
of time to argue on that point—they
have hospitals for the workman in Germany—in fact, Mr. Editor, I heard it
stated from the platform lately by one
who has studied the history of tho various acts dealing with the treatment and
compensation of injured workers—that
Germany has been 15 years ahead in
that respect.
And laBt—and least—in the category
of institutions is tho worker's home.
What a home it is to be sure? The
house that he lives in is, like that of his
German brother, rented. What furniture he has, is, of course, of the cheapest variety. During the poriod ho is
fortunote to have a job, his wife and
children, (if he is unfortunate enough
to be married) may, perhaps have sufficient clothes to protect themselves
ngninst the elements—and their corned
beef and cabbage may appear regularly,
but should he thrust into the ranks of
the unemployed the "comfortable working man's homo"—that we read about
in boohs—turns into a mere abode with
poverty and misery the outstanding features. In British Columbia a large portion of the working class earn their living under conditions that make the possession of a homo an impossibility, bo
thc meaning of the word "home" in its
original sense, is unknown to them. More1
often "homo" means a bunkhouse In
the bush, with three or four nationalities all babbling in their mother tongue
together—a place where the worker recuperates from .the physicul exertions of
the day in order that he may be able to
turn out on the morrow and be able to
work. Where is his home when he comes
to town? Are we asked to flght for the
places he frequents then?
And when all's said and done, it must
always be remembered that there are
many, many similarities between the
British worker's home and that of the
German,
Are tbe conditions of the workers' existence—it is after all merely an existence—worth fighting for?
When he has a job, too often he is
more like a mulo, or perhaps a machine,
I than a human being.   Watch tbe work
ors stream out of a factory—when the
whistle blows—note their faces—tired,
drawn, worried; look at their disfigure-
iiiontB; fingers gone, scarred, backs bent
—they bear the stamp of wagc-slavory.
The human wrecks that are to be seen
mi every hand form ample testimony of
the industrial conditions under which
our class toil for their bread. The
awful conditions that the English working classiras borne, account for,tho degeneracy of their physique. The tendency of modern industry in this connection, may be illustrated by the figures that show tto number of industrial
nccidents in the United States. On the
average, a worker is killed at his task
every 16 minutes, and there are two
millions wourided every year. Peace
hath her victories np less than war.
I am not aware of any Canadian statistics on this subject, but will state
that the number of men here in Vancouver injured on the watorfront alone
would surprise any one not acquainted
with industrial conditions. In British
Columbia the lumber and fishing induB'
trios employ, of course, mostly Orien'
tnls, whoso standard of living does not
seem to me to be worth fighting for,
but it must always be borne in mind
that white men who do get employment
in British Columbia are constantly
threatened with either boing displaced
altogether by Chinamen, or having to
compete with tho lower stnndard of life,
and, in fnct, in those classes of work
which both Chinamen and white men do.
the effect of that competition is very
noticeable.
Tho position of the worker in the
British Empire, like the position of the
worker outBide of it, is getting more insecure as time goes on. The periods of
prosperity, with the. feverish activity in
the industrial field, that goes with it, do,
it is true, relieve the unemployment situation somewhat, but with the ever-increasing development of machinery and
consequently the increasing productiveness of labor, the employing class find
themsolves with no markets for their
goods sooner, relatively to the start of
the prosperity period, than was formerly the case. .The worker has to suffer
more from unemployment than he used
to. In fact, but for conditions such as
the war market has created, stagnation
seemed to be becoming the chronic characteristic of modern times. With so
many of the workers jobless, it follows
thot hia economic power is decreasing,
and in consequence he finds himself unable to compel the employing class to
raise wages at the same rate as the cost
of living is going up. His standard of
living is therefore sinking. These con*
ditions are inseparable from capitalism,
but they exist and are the conditions
the worker is asked to flght for.
Our freedom is another thing .that we
are told is worth fighting for. In point
of fact the worker finds his freedom
limited to selling his labor power to
whoever will buy it. His freedom of
speech is limited' to that which will not
appreciably threaten the position of the
master class. His press, too, must keep
within the limits that are imposed upon
it. He is free to walk the streets—
subject, of course, to the vagrancy act.
He is free to refrain from joining the
army—providing that his rulers do not
see fit to pass a conscription act. In
every instance his much-vaunted free
dom is qualified.
Now, I do not propose to enter into a
lengthy elaboration of what justice is,
but I take it that everyone attributes to
the word a meaning- that at least has
some feature in common. The Daily
Province, in an issue last month, had a
news item entitled "Stole enough to get
off." According to it, an accountant of
the Canadian government immigration
department stole $15,000, and was given
a suspended sentence, whilst it goes on
to state that a John Gordon was sentenced to five years for stealing a few
sacks of flour. Does that conform to
your idea of justice, Mr. Editor? When
times are bad, many of the workers
often vainly looking for work, find
themselves, through circumstances over
which they have no control, broke and
many -of them are arrested on a charge
of vagrancy and put in prison. Is that
justice? On Vancouver Island, miners
were discharged by their employers for
reporting gas in the mine—they were
compelled by law to do so. They could
get no redress from the authorities,
Was that justice?
Humanity is a pretty good thing to
fight for, but is ono who joined the army
fighting for it?
On every hand wo see boys and girls
working for a mere pittance. In England women and children have formed a
lnfge part of tha industrial workers for
years. Even here we seo youg boys
selling papers ou the Btreet, girls working in stores. On the north shore, and
I believe in tho city, too, may be seen
mere kids working in productive industry. Are conditions that compel the
youth of a country to become acquainted witli the struggle for existence so
early in life in the interests of humanity? Unemployment, hunger, disease,
prisons, slums—thnt is what humanity
hus to put up with in ponoe times under
capitalist rule, so after all, is it in itB
interests that the presont order of society should bo fought for and perpetuated?
AMBEOSE TREE.
10 Powell Btreet,
Vancouver, B. C. March 11, 1917.
OCCUPATIONAL SURVEY
OAMPAION IN PBOOBESS
Information Sought of Value of Industrial'Conscription Is Planned
The "occupational survey" campaign, recently announced by the National Service Commission, is now being carried on throughout the Dominion, blanks having been sent to employers on which confidential information as to the operations in the various
lines of industry is requested.
Press reports with reference to this
campaign stated that the information
waa to bo used for the purpose of
meeting employment conditions which
might arise after the dose of the war.
As to whether this covers the real facts
of the case is a question, no wo ver, os
the,circular letter states that the information is desired "to enable both
aftor-the-war and present-day problems
to be dealt with intelligently and efficiently." Should such a movemont as
industrial conscription in any form develop, the information collected through
the "occupational survey" campaign
would probably be used to carry out the
plan.
m
WAR LOAN
DOMINION OF CANADA
| Issue of $150,000,000 5% Bonds Maturing 1st March, 19371
K! Payable at par at Ottawa, Halifax, St John, Charlottetown, Montreal, Toronto,
_\ Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary, Victoria, and at the Agency of
S3 the Bank of Montreal, New York City.
| INTEREST PAYABLE HALF-YEARLY, 1st MARCH, 1st SEPTEMBER.
__ PRINCIPAL AND INTEREST PAYABLE IN GOLD.
ISSUE PRICE 96.
A FULL HALF-YEAR'S INTEREST WILL BE PAID ON Iat SEPTEMBER, 1917.
THE PROCEEDS OF THE LOAN WILL BE USED FOR WAR PURPOSES ONLY.
The Minister or Finance offers herewith, on behalf
of the Oovernment, the above-named Bonds for Subscription at 96, payable as follows:—
10 per cent on application;
30     "       16th April, 1917;^
30    «       15th May, 1917;
26     "        15th June, 1917.
The total allotment of bonds of this issue will be limited
to one hundred and fifty million dollars, exclusive of
the amount (if any) paid for by the surrender of bonds
as the equivalent of cash under the terms of the War
Loan prospectus of 22nd November, 1915.
The instalments may be paid in full on the 16th day of
April, 1917, or on any instalment due date thereafter, under
discount at the rate of four per cent per annum. All
payments are to be made to a chartered bank for the
credit of the Minister of Finance. Failure to pay any
instalment when due will render previous payments liable
to forfeiture and the allotment to cancellation.
Subscriptions, accompanied by a deposit of ten per
cent of the amount subscribed, must be forwarded through
the medium of a chartered bank. Any branch in Canada
of any chartered bank will receive subscriptions and issue
provisional receipts.
This loan is authorised under Act of the Parliament
of Canada, and both principal and interest will be a
charge upon the Consolidated Revenue Fund.
Forms of application may be obtained from any branch
in Canada of any chartered bank and at the office of any
Assistant Receiver General in Canada.
Subscriptions must be for even hundreds of dollars.
In case of partial allotments the surplus deposit will be
applied towards payment of the amount due on the
April instalment.
Scrip certificates, non-negotiable or payable to bearer
in accordance with the choice of the applicant for
registered or bearer bonds, will be issued, after allotment,
in exchange for the provisional receipts.
When tbe scrip certificates have been paid in full and
payment endorsed thereon by the bank receiving the
money, they may be exchanged for bonds, when prepared.
with coupons attached, payable to bearer or registered
as to principal, or for fully registered bonds, when
prepared, without coupons, in accordance with the
application.
Delivery pf scrip certificates and of bonds will be made
through the chartered banks.
The issue will be exempt from taxes—including, any'
income tax—imposed in pursuance of legislation enacted
by the Parliament of Canada.
The bonds with coupons will be issued in denominations
of $100, $500, $1,000. Fully registered bonds without
coupons will be issued in denominations of $1,000, $5,000
or any authorized multiple of $5,000.
The bonds will be paid at maturity at par at the office
of the Minister of Finance and Receiver General at
Ottawa, or at the office of the Assistant Receiver General
at Halifax, St. John, Charlottetown, Montreal, Toronto,
Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary or Victoria, or at the Agency
of the Bank of Montreal, New York City.
The interest on tbe fully registered bonds will be paid
by cheque, which will be remitted by post. Interest
on bonds with coupons will be paid on surrender of coupons.
Both cheques and coupons, at the option of the holder,
will be payable free of exchange at any branch in Canada
of any chartered bank, or at the Agency of the Bank
of Montreal, New York City.
Subject to the payment of twenty-five cents for eaoh
new bond issued, holders of fully registered bonds without .
coupons will bave the right to convert into bonds of the
denomination of $1,000 with coupons, and holders of bonds
with coupons will have the right to convert into fully
registered bonds of. authorised denominations without
coupons at any time on application to the Minister of
Finance.
The books of the loan will be kept at the Department
of Finance, Ottawa.
Application will be made in due course for the listing
of the issue on the Montreal and Toronto Stock Exchanges.
Recognised bond and stock brokers having offices and
carrying on business in Canada will be allowed a commission of three-eighths of one per cent on allotments made
in respect of applications bearing their stamp, provided,
however, that no commission will be allowed in respect
of the amount of any allotment paid for by the surrender
of bonds issued under the War Loan prospectus of 22nd
November, 1915, or in respect of the amount of any
allotment paid for by surrender of five per cent debenture
stock maturing 1st October, 1919. No commission will
be allowed in respect of applications on forms which
have not been printed by the King's Printer.
HIOH COST OF LIVING i
Df THE DATS OF
A crumb of comfort may bo derived
by those who are complaining of the
high cost of living by reading the bill
of fare from "The Best for the Weary"
hotol in a western mining camp in the
days of '49.
loup—Bean, $1; oxtail, short, $1.50.
Boast beof—Mexican, prime, $1; beef,
plain, $1; with one potato, fair size,
♦1.85; boef, tame, from the Statea, $1.50.
Vegetables—Baked beans, plain, 60c;
baked beans, greased, $1; two potatoes,
medium size, 50c; two potatoes, peeled,
75c.
Entrees—Sauerkraut, $1; bacon fried,
$1; bacon stuffed, $1.50; hash, low
grade, 75c; hash, 18 karat, $1.
Oame—Codfish balls, per pair, 75c;
grizzly roast, $1; jackrabbit, whole, 75c.
Pastry—Bice pudding, plain, 75c;
with .molasses, $1; with brandy peaches,
Square meal with desert, $3. All food
payable in advance to prevent argument.   Qold scales at the end of tho bar.
SUBSCRIPTION LISTS WILL CLOSE ON OR BEFORE THE 23rd OF MARCH, 1917.
DattKiitam or Fihanci, Ottawa, Maroh 12th, 1(17.
49
Canada haa 166 tobacco factories with
an invested capital of a little over 023,*
000,000. Last year there was produced
products valued at close to $89,000,000.
The cost of materials used waa $16,000,-
000. There were 9613 people employed
in the Industry, and for their* produc*
tion of $29,000,000 they received $4,-
538,584.
To the Trade
Unionists of Canada
When you get tired hunting for
socialist sews in capitalist papers,
subscribe for Tha Milwaukee
Leader, the big socialist daily.
Samples on request. Milwaukee,
Wis.
Tba Dallr Milwaukee Leader and
The Federationlit, one year, $4.00.
A Booklet Which Every Thinking Wage Worker
Should Read
^HElisiTAND
EVOLUTION OF SLAVERY"
By E. T. KINGSLEY
E. T. KINOSLEY
tbe noted writer on wage workers' problems wbo has given tbe last word on
this  subject in  "Tbe  Genesis
Evolution of Slavery."
Packages of 100 copies or mora
5 cents per copy (carriage paid.)
Single Copies, or ln any number up to 100 copies, 10 cents
each (postpaid).
The merit and real worth
of this publication is shown
by the fact that since it was
issued on November 1, orders for thousands of copies
have been received from all
parts of, the world and additional orders are coming in
by every mail.
In a clear cut and concise
Btyle this booklet goes thoroughly into the question of
the economic position of capitalist society and the position of the .working classes
in relation to it,
The troublesome phases of
the relations between the
capitalist and the worker
are dealt with in a manner
which solves in plain and
and forceful logic many points
on which the worker of today is often "at sea" when
meeting arguments.
THE BOOKLET FORMS A
VALUABLE TEXT BOOK
AND WORK OF REFERENCE BOTH FOR WORKERS AND STUDENTS OF
ECONOMIC PROBLEMS.
Many labor organizations are now sending "repeat" orders for quantities of this booklet, their first orders having been
readily disposed of by sale or distribution. These advices
state that the booklet is eagerly sought and read with keen
interest by their members.
a...t........,..,..,..,..a
vTtttTTTTTtTtTtTTTTTTTtttV
Address all orders to
The B.C. Federationist
Labor Templt, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker You Need
ten       ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
SUB.
CARDS
$10
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $ 1 per year.
UNION .♦ OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
OAK SUPPLT TOO WITH TBI ALLIED PBDITnKt TBADBS UNION LABEL
BAOLEY * SONS, UI Hutlngi Street .Sermour 810
BLOOHBERGER, F. R., 818 Broudwur Eul Fairmont 90S
BRAND * PERRY, 828 Pender Street, Weet  S.jmonr 8578
BDRRARD PUBLISHINO CO.,  Til Sermour Strut    Sermour 1580
OLARKE a STUART. 880 Seymour Street  ,....., Sermour 8
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Balldinf 7.....'... .Sermour 4480
DONSMOIB PRINTINO CO., 487 Dunemulr Strut Strmoar 110S
EVANS A HASTINGS, Arte and Graft! Bids, Sermour St Sermour USO
KERSHAW, t. A., 688 Horn St ,..Sermour 8874
LATTA, R P. 833 Gore At Sermour 1088
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8881 lUIn St Fairmont 188S
MoLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North Vunoouter N. Van. 88
MOORE PRINTING CO., Oor. GranrUle ud Robeon SU Sermour 4548
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 187 Pender St Sermour 41
NORTH SHORE PBESS, North Vanoourer N Vu. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World BnUdlnt Sermour 8888
PEARCE * HODGSON, 818 HmnUlon Street Sermour ISIS
ROEDDE. G. A., 818 Homer Strut Sermour 884
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Gamble St Sermour 8808
TERMINAL OITT PRESS, 808 Klnsiwuy Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Street  Sermour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Hutlngi W Sermour 8580
TIMMS, A. B*. 880 Fourteenth Are. E. Fairmont 811B
WESTERN PRESS, 888 Cordora W Sermour 7510
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dummulr St Sermour 8588.
WHITE * BINDON, 688 Pender Weit Sermour 1114
Write "Union Label" oa Ton* Copy when Toa Seal » ta the Printer
DOMI
TO INVESTORS
THOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE
FUNDS REQUIRING   INVESTMENT
MAY PURCHASE AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS OF $500, OR AMY MULTIPLE THEREOF
Principal repayable Iat Oetobar, 1919.
Intereat payable half-yearly, 1st April aad Iat October by
eheque (free of exchange at any chartered Bank la Canada) tt
tba rata of five per oent per annum from tha data of purchase.
Holders of this stock wiU hare tha j
irfaurrendainf
at par and aocnied interest, aa ths equivalent of eaeh, ia pay.
ment of any allotment made nnder any fututa war loaniaauam '
Canada other tban an lame of Treasury BiHi or othar Uka abort
data saeurity.
Procaeda ot this stock ar* far war
only.
A oommWon of one-quart* of one ptr aant vffl ba tSoaai
tonoofniaed bond and atock brakaa on aDotmaots mad* Ib
reapect of application far thta stock «hhh bear their stamp.
For anUoatiao form apply to tba Dopoty ___, a
om»mnsaKTeawoamca,amtmA
ocroan tm, tne. MHPMMPnppi
[FBIDAT..
..March 16, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FTVE
DAVID BPENOEB, LTD.
DAVID BPENOEB, LID.
The Best Overall Buys
in the City
Peabody's at $1.75 and our own special at $1.25, each
of them without an equal in the trade. The Spen?
cer overall is made df heavy denim iu plain black,
plain blue and blue with white stripe; it's built
generously, and we have never known it to fail to
give satisfaction. The Peabody overall is known
right across-the continent; its' overall perfection
in every sense of the word. You can't buy better
at any price.
Men's Moleskin Trousers—The best thing of its kind
we know; looks like and will wear as well as the
finest worsted trousers you can buy; 5 pockets,
belt loops, cuff bottom; all sizes. Sale price._..$2.25
"J
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
DAVID BPENOEB, LTD.  \
DAVID BPENOEB, LTD.
DON'T
BUY
■ t
—p———-",""'~—™
EASTERN
Made Overalls
Oor own girls make CARHARTT'S, the Best Overall you
can get, so keep their payroll here for them.
This is published by CARHARTT'S to help keep wages and
jobs at home.
ASK FOR
UNION
LABEL
CIGARS
EL DORO   EL SIDELO
Majestio size. 2 for 25c
Concha size 3 for 25c
Chesterfield si»......2 for 25c
Olub House size 3 for 25c
INCOME
A 5-cent cigar that is guaranteed
to give satisfaction
These cigars are strictly union-made, by McLeod, Nolan &
Oo., of London, Ontario.
Only the highest grade of tobacco obtainable is used in them,
and the cigars are made by the best cigarmakers, and under
the strictest sanitary conditions.
The price and quality is always the same.
ON SALE EVERYWHERE    CALL FOR THEM
D. G. ELMER
Sales Manager for British
Columbia and the Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vanoouver
Phone Fairmont 826
TBADES UNIONISTS—IS THE MILE SUPPLIED TO YOUB HOME
DELT7EBED BT UNION LABOB?
If lt Is not call up tba
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
PHONE FAIBMONT 1697
or drop a oard to our offloe, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOB EXCLUSIVELY
WE OUABANTEE TO GIVE YOU SATISFACTION—OIVB UB A CALL
"Tha Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to soma forty odd brewery workers.
I      MANUFACTURED .BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Oompany, Limited
On sale at aU Llfoor Stores ln
VANCOUVEB AND VIOTOBIA
OFFICIAL ARE
Pres. J. C. Watters Makes
Further Statement on
Registration
Views Credited to Premier
Vary from Those Given
on Coast
A statement has recently been issued
by Mr. J. C. Watters, president of the
Trades and .Labor Congress, outlining
somewhat in detail the reasons for the
policy followed by him in connection
with the registration card plan of the
National Service Commission, a question whioh has been very muoh to the
front among labor organisations recent*
•y*
The statement was .primarily intended for tho Montreal Trades and Labor
Council, being called forth by reason of
the discussion of tho subject by that
body. It is of general importance, however, and especially to the workerB of
western Canada owing to the pronounced stand1 taken by the labor organizations of the district against the registration card proposnl as compared with
the attitude noted in the statement as
expressing the clews of President Wat-
tors.
The mention in the statement as to
the Premier nnd Director of the Nation,
al Service Commission emphatically
saying that there .wus no connection between the registration card plan and
conscription will come as a surprise to
workers oa this coast, inasmuch as both
Premier Borden and Mr. B. B. Bennett
both declined to make any such statement when interviewed on the point at
the conference held at the Hotel Van-
couver during their western trip. Nel-_
ther does the mention made appear to
be in complete harmony with the general drift which has been apparent since
the cards were returned to Ottawa, or
the public remarks of Mr. B B. Bennett
and others when speaking on the work
of tho National Service Commission.
Text of Mr. Watters' Statement.
The statement of Presidont Watters
reads as follows:       «
'Since the recommendation mtie by
the executive council of the Congress
directing that tho question cardB sent
out by tho National Servioe Board be
filled in correctly and in accordance
with the dictates of conscientious scruples, some criticism has been directed
against the executivo because of such
recommendation. To meet sucht criticism and prevent misanderstanding, a
furthor and. more detailed statement
follows:—
'AUthe three conventions of the
Congre\ held since the outbreak of
war, tM policy adopted was to lend
overy assistance possiblo to tho Allies
in a mighty endeavor to secure early
and final victory for the cnuSo of freodom and democracy. This policy was
qunlifiod at tho Vancouver eonvention
by the adoption of unchangeable opposition to all that savors of conscription.
At tho Toronto convention the wnr'poli.
cy of the Congress was still furthor
modifiodTiy opposing registration.
"It is quite clear that the attitude
of the Congross to the wnr Ib ono
which calls for evory effort being made
to win, but that such offorts must bo of
a'voluntary naturo. Suoh was the'interpretation mado by the executive of
tho action tnkon at each succeeding
convention of the Congress, and such
was the guiding principle followed in
making tho recommendation to answer
tho questions as directed.
"The opposition to registration
which doveloped at the Toronto convention was based on the assumption
that it was only a preliminary stop to
conscription such "as hod token place
in Great Britain. There is tt wide difference, however betwoen the system
adopted in Groat Britain and that in
Canada. Tho purposes of' the two systems are, oIbo, very dissimilar, according to tho statoment made by the Premier, Sir Robert L. Borden. N
What did Premier Borden say?
"Tho systom of'registration put into operation in Great Britain led to
conscription, tho system of registration
in Canada is designed to load away
from conscription. Tho Prime Minister and tho Director-General of the National Service Board were both emphatic in their assertions as to thoro being
connection between registration and
conscription. They were equally emphatic as to the purely voluntary nature of thc servico to bo rendered for
military, industrial and agricultural
purposes in colling on ovory individual
to fill out tho cards. Tho purpose, as
vouched for by tho First Minister of
the Dominion, of tho registration plan,
therefore, is to socuro each information
as will demonstrate how and In what
particular our efforts may bo bost directed to givo offoct to tho doclared war
policy of tho Congress itself.
"Tho ordor-in-counoil appointing tho
board nnd doflning Ub duties conflicts
in no particular with the war policy of
tho Congress. Tho opposite is tho case,
sineo tho registration plnn hns for its
avowed purpose tho taking stock of tho
material requirements in food, munitions and oil tho othor necessaries, including labor (man power) requisite for
socuring nn oarly and final victory for
tho cause of frocdom and democracy,
without rosorting to compulsory methods. Tho manifest duty of tho Executive undor the circumstances, therefore, waa to recommend exactly what
it did.
Labor Opposed to Conscription
'Should the government undertake
to adopt military or even industrinl
conscription, n wholly different stato of
affairs would obtain.' The aetion of
tho Vanoouver convontion, reaffirmed
at Toronto, clearly sots forth the position of the Congress in unqualified opposition to conscription. In pointing
out the duty of Lnbor to land every
possible assistance in the strife, the
convention nlso stated that auch help
must bo freo, not forced; it muat be dictated by duty and not by coercion; it
must be tho outcome of loyal affection
for the Mother Country, for this Dominion and for those whoso fates heng
in the balance, and not the product of
the lash, hunger, or tho legalized enforcement of a people. Tho statement
of the convention was based on the conscription of man power alone. A fair
Interpretation of the sentiment of the
convention and of organized labor, gen-
orally, ia that human values transcend
material Values, that human life l_ __
measureably more valuable than material wealth, heneo tho conscription of
man power ahould only be resorted to
after all wealth and the moans of
wealth production have been taken over and operated by and for the nation.
Were wealth conscripted and the railways, mines, mills and factories necessary for the prosecution of the war nationalized, the desirability of withdrawing opposition to tho conscription
of man power eould very properly be
considered. There is, .however, no indication as yet, nor iB there likely to be
any, that the materiaUessentials for tho
prosecution of the war will be nationalized, nor that either wealth or man power will be conscripted..
"Under any circumstances, 'preparedness' should be our watchword,
both to help the cause we huve espoused
and to combat'any menace or danger to
our welfare that may arise."
LABOB'B BEQUESTS ABE
SUBMITTED TO OOVEBNMENT
(Continued from page 1)
ER
Big Antipodean
Owner Brings Cargo
of Sunshine
An Illuminating Expose of
Labor Tyranny In
kangaroo Land
vise the act and, before this draft waB
outlined, he would consult with all parties interested in the matter in order
that tho new legislation might fully
meet the needs of the case. X
The subjects on which legislation was
requested in connection with metalliferous mines wero as follows:
An amendment to the Metalliferous
Mines Act, which would compel the
same protective measured to be, taken
in the ease of inclined shafts and raises
at an ancle of 30 degrees or more as
with vertical shafts.
An aot to compel the equipment of
mine boring or drill machinery- with
witer jets or sprays which would pre
vent the escape of dust.
Provision to compel health officers to
visit all camps at least once a month,
prohibition of the use of enamel ware in
the preparation-of food, and making it
incumbent on all corporations to provide
adequate medical and hospital treatment, and all necessary first aid appliances.
On behalf of the electrical workera,
Mr._ McVety requested regulations governing the placing of poles, wires and
other electrical equipment, the purpose
being to protect electrical workers.; and
on behalf of the stationary engineers,
aBked for amendments to the Boiler Inspection Act which would prevent employment of non-certificated engineers
for more than seven days In any plant,
providing that no engineer shall work
more than eight hours out of 24 in
plants operating continuously, and various minor alterations of the act.
Mr, McVety outlined in vigorous
terms the opposition of Labor to the
policy -of exempting church property
from taxation. Its belief wu that there
should be complete separation of church
and atate. The suggestion on which the
protest was made might well be termed
religious legislation, and meant the indirect contribution for religious par-
poses by those who might be in sympa*
thy with the propaganda conducted.
Plea for Bight-hour Day.
Mr. V. Midgley made an earnest appeal for the recognition by statute of
the eight-hour day, which is now included in the legislation of many States,
and is a policy to which Labor is strongly committed, as well ns for the fortnightly payday.
The subjects covered by Mr. Midgley
were as follows:
Establishment of a fortnightly pay<_
with provision that at no time shaft
moro than sir days' wages be kept in
hand by the employers. Fay to be made
in currency.
A maximum week of forty-eight hours
in all industrial occupations, eight hours
per day, with the exception of Saturday
which would be four hoars.
Provision for an eight-hour bank to
bank regulation in metalliferous mines.
Mr. W.^ Yates presented the requests
dealing with tho revision of tho regulations governing the operation of eloctric
railways, the representations covering
the following pointB:
For the protection of the travelling
public, and street railway employees,
limitation of hours on street and electric railwaymen to a miximum of eight
in twenty-four hours.
Provision that no motorman or conductor shall act unless he has first received at least fifteen days' instruction
on the different street car lines of the
city in which he Ib employed, such instructions to be given by a competent
motorman or conductor who has had at
least two years' experience as motor-
man or conductor on the said lines.
Strong Opposition to Poll Tax.
Mr. W. Taylor outlined tho strong opposition which exists am'ong Labor organizations against the proposed revival
of tho poll tax. He stated that the officials of the Federation had received a
large number of strong resolutions on
the subject from labor organizations in
all parts of the province, leaving no
doubt as to the unpopularity of the proposal. Should, howover, the government be driven by financial conditions
to consider the re-imposition of the tax,
it was suggested that its scope be made
such as would relieve persons whose
names were on the voters' list. Such a
plan would be an incentive for residents
to havo their names registered aB electors andl tho classes who would pay tho
tax would be Orientals and casual litlwt-
ers who came hero without the intention
of permanently remaining.
Tho government ropresentntivos appeared to be favorably impressed with
tho suggestions made by the speaker
covering the modified scope of the poll
tax provisions.
Mr. Taylor also nsked for legislation
for tho protection of longshoremen, and
tho appointment of competent inspector*
to inspect gears and tackle used In
landing and unloading of ships.
The request for the establishment of
a provincinl Department of Labor, waB
presented by A. S. Wells, who pointed
out the work which had been done ih
Saskatchewan, and the great value resulting therefrom.
Retail Clerks' Half-holiday.
J. H, McVety spoke with reference to
the half-holiday legislation secured by
the retnil store clorks at the last session.
He Bnid he was advised that efforts
would be made to have this act altered
at the present session. Speaking on behalf of organizod labor, ho desired to
register a protost against the alteration
of the legislation as would probably be
suggested.
Other matters doalt with at the con*
ference covered tho following points:
Free issuance of school supplies to all
public school pupils.
Trades union wages, hours nnd conditions on nil governmont contract work.
Civil service appointments to be mado
on principle of examinations and without regard to political affiliations.
An act to prevent the employment of
whito women or girls by Asiatics.
Licensing of barbers with enforcement of sanitary regulations in barber
shops.
Registration and examination of
plumbers, with enforcement of Banitary
legislation.
HAVING BEEN prone to acknowledge that when it comes down to
unconscious humor the German war
lords get away with the entire cake
and the bakery as well, The Federationist feels now compelled to confess
that its judgment has boen seriously at
fault, and that the champion humorist
is not to be found among the Germans,
bat among our own English-speaking
tribe. And1 that which has caused us to
come to this conclusion has been nothing less than the arrival at this port of
a certain H. W. Bichards of Australia.
This person was industriously interviewed by a' representative of oue of the
local dailies, and a veritable avalanche
of information was thereby gathered,
throwing a valuable light upon some
thingB that have been occurring in that
far off land. This distinguished person
—and he is thift distinguished by being
referred to by the interviewer as "a
prominent steamship operator''—evidently holds some very prono'unced
views anent the iniquities and infamies
that are attributable to the bold, bad
Labor unions of Australia. It does indeed. And therein lies the humor of the
gentleman, unconscious though he may
be of the fact.
Says Premier Was Weak..
In referring to the defeat of the conscription referendum, Mr. Bichards declares that Premier Hughes "showed a
weakness which allowed the Labor
unions to defeat conscription,'' because
he did not follow the lead of the premier of New Zealand, who forced conscription through there, without u much
as asking the electorate whether it
liked it or not. In other words, Hughes
should have forced conscription upon,
the Australians by due and effective use
of the governmental club Quite logical
of Mr. Bichards to look at it in that
light, when we consider who he is ahd
to what clasB in present-day society he
belongs. From hiB standpoint, what
other purpose could there be to government except to govern, and it of course
logically follows that any governing authority that would stop to consider the
wishes of the governed, is thereby guilty
of most deplorable weakness. But in
theBe days when so much of rluing class
security depends upon hypocrisy and deceit, it becomes indeed moat humoroaB
to discover a member of that favored
class who Ib so dull-witted u to advocate the use of the plain old-fashioned
club of ante-hypocritical days. Mr.
Bichards humorously remarks that the
"better clus of Australians deplored"
the premier's "weakness." The better
class, mind you.   Is that not rich! .
The Bad, Bad Women, Too.
He says that "the women of the better class, as well as those of the Labor
element, strongly supported the anti-
conscriptionists." What a shame. "I
will tell you," said Mr. Bichards, the
"prominent steamship operator," that
"where the women have the franchise,
there you will have prohibition, but
never conscription. Upon an issue like
conscription women should not bo given
an Opportunity of exercising their franchise, for what woman wquld support
a bill that would send her son or hus-
bnnd to the firing linef They seem unable to forego thoso feminine characteristics and understand the urgent necessity in which the Empire called for men
and more men." This appears to mean
that women are so unsatisfactorily—
from the Bichards standpoint—constituted that they have no better senae than
to prefer that their sons and husbands
remain soberly and peacefully at home,
rather than that they should souse themselves with booze and go forth at the
word of command to kill and maim the
sons and husbands of other women. At
least it ao appears from the humorous
manner in which Mr. Bichards statea
the case. Either that or wo confess to
possessing no understanding and appreciation of humor when we run across it.
Humorous Crack at Unionism.
Mr. Richards' most humorous outburst, however, comes spontaneously
forth when his iro is fully aroused
against that arch enemy of capitalist
'' peace, law and order,'' known as
trado unionism. He sees dire tribulations ahead for himsolf and his precious
labor-skinning tribe unless "these days
of excessive wages, abused privileges,
and extravagance on the part of the
working clasBos be eliminated, nnd hard
rimes set in for a period." This, he
adds, "would mean the rejuvenation of
Australia from a condition thnt, if continued, will spell nothing but disaster."
No disciple of "German kultur" <|vor
got off his chest more meaty humor than
thnt. Probably Mr. Bichards will never
really know how oxcrutiatlngly funny
he uctunlly is. Perhaps he meant to bo
serious, but if he did surely no one ever
was guilty of a wilder shot nt tho target. After the glorious fix that not only
Australia, but all tho world is in already, as a consequence of the rule by
capitaJistB, shipowners and others, it is
cruelly humorous for oven Mr. Bichards
to make any reference to "disaster."
From the world's experience up to now,
any furthor disaster must bo considered
as nothing but a joke. Bat of all humor
that which is unconscious, that which
the humorist gets off his chest without
intending to be funny, is Jjy far the
most threatening to buttons that are not
actually rivetted on.
One special duty we owe ourselves is,
to see that the union label is on everything wo buy with our wnges, earned
under a union wage scalo.
Union Labor In Shipyards
Mayor Bolph of San Francisco recently secured control of the Bcndlxon
shipyards at EuroV« Cal. and has announced that nereafter the plant shall
be operated' by union labor from top to
bottom. At a public banquet ho declared his position as follows:—"When
I acquire tne Bendixcn shipyard I propose to run it with 'union labor from top
to bottom. I believe in organized labor
and I believe In organized union labor.
I believe that labor has a right to organize in itB own behalf nnd I believe
in collective bargaining."
Women's
Untrimmed Hats
to $2.25 values for
$1.00
New season's goods, of fine quality straw, in semi-
trimmed effects; black and colors to choose from.
Very special at—       -41.00 ''
ffighpBudson'sBauCompaiw.,
■^ .   _) m_a%aam.a  nw     Mmataataat^£mmtaatmj__& ^    i
Granville and Georgia Streets
FREE HOMESTEADS
— BRITISH COLUMBIA i
Alone lino of P. O. E. Bailway open park line lands. The luest mixed
farming lands in the provlnee.
Oood water, beat of hunting and fishing. The settlers who have gone
in there are all boosters, as thoy are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
PACIFIC GBEAT EA8TBBN BAILWAY
Welton Block, Vaneouvar
TWENTT-PIVE YEARB AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
March 11, 1892
H. Green (tinners and cornice-makers)
seated as delegate.
T. Green and C. Harling appointed to
interview Frank S. Dobson, who outlined a scheme for a'proposcd industrial
association, and report to next meeting.
F. 0. Cotton, M. P, P., wrote re the
vote in the legislature on the bill to exclude Chinese from working in coal
mines.
President Bartley and J. Andrews appointed to meet Capt. Tatlow, re assessment aot amendment affecting mortgages, and procure signatures to a petition against said mortgage tax. The
committee to have authority to act in
conjunction with the board of trade.
Preaident Bartley reported attending
meeting of Machinists' union. They
promised to affiliate with the council.
Parliamentary committee instructed
to get a more, detailed account from G.
E. Corbould, M. P., about the number of
Chinese entering the province each-year,
Aid, J. L. Franklin, Messrs. H
Brooks, T. Oliver, D. J. O'Dwyer, T.
Green, Bobt. Cosgrovo appointed a new
constitution and bylaw committee.
Street Bailway Strike.
The employees of the Street railways
of Washington, D. C, recently put up to
their employers the question of the recognition of the union. One company
came to an agreement with the men, but
on Monday a strike was declared on
the lines of the other company, resulting in ttte giving of only a partial service through the aid of strike-breakers.
; Warning to Workingmen.
A Vancouver workingman bas written
to the local labor officials stating that
men who are led to look to the workings
of the B. C. Copper Co. at Princeton aa ,
a place of employment, should be sure
of their jobs before making the trip.
He says that machine miners, fitter* and
mechanics are often induced to go to
the place, only to flnd that men are being laid off and that there is no work,
the idea being to keep a surplus of labor
available. The writer says he can speak
on the subject from experience, as he is
out $30 as the result of the trip,
A TRADE UNIOH OIOAE ffTJSTLBB
D. J. Elmer, who owu th* British Cofai
bin end of the El Dora cigar, and who kffl
them on the map in ever? village ud town in
the provinoe, hat been la the city the pest
few days. If every men hsd hli smile, his
porslitency, and hla knowledge of human nature, there would be more taceestfal bualneaa
men in weitern Canada. Ho It what Is known
as a "weitern hustler," It makes no difference to him whether he ia buying a Job lot of
cigara or negotiating for the parliament build-
inga. The deal would be carried on with tho
utmost tang froid. He haa bought chickens
by the half doien, minea worth thouaanda,
carried through Immense real estate deals,
and has never changed from the same genial
Dave that he was whon president of the Miners' union of Hoyle, B. 0. If a friend needed
|10 and Dave had only $2, he would hand out
the two and hurry around the corner to some
other friend where he could borrow eight. As
an optimist he is superb, and no one has ever
known him to fall into the pessimistic slough j
of inoocous dlseutBde.—"Old Han" Simpson
In The Victorian.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Tempi*
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Headquartera for Labor men.   Bates
75c and Sl.00 per day.
$2.60 per week and up.
Oaf * at Baaaenabl* Bates.
THE NANAIMO
COAL
BEST QUALITY
BEST PRICE
BEST SERVIOE
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wbarf Offlce:
rOOT COLUMBIA AVENUE
Seymour 2988
Uptown Offlce:
407 ORANVILLE STREET
Seymour 826
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown product)
SAVE  ALL BOTAL OBOWN COUPONS AND WRAPPERS
 THEY ABE VALUABLE 	
THE ROYAL CROWN SOAPS LTD.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
TEETH
—and the Human Machine
NO ONE can gainsay the truth of the statement that teeth
aro as essential to the health of the body as any other
part of the body. This being true, it is most essential that
tbo teeth receive our best care and attention. If your teeth
have worn away, have thom replaced at onee. Crown and
Bridge work has been brought to a high pitch of development
in my practice.
Per tooth ««-«.
$5
Examinations are free.
TeL Seymour 3331
<M»I open
Itmtty wd
niday EVfi.
7 «« 9.
OlOMd   S.t*
nrdty p. m.
Dr. Brett Anderson  m. m»
leii   nethou
Crown and Bridge Specialist ttt ami  la
60S HASTINOS STBEET
Oor. Seymour,
Yea win aet
sifter. PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
DRY GOODS saving prices
925.00 SUITS, SPECIAL $18.05
Special showing of Ladies' Now Spring Suits, in brown, navy and black
and white check.   Regular $25.00.   Special $18.95
BLACK SUIT SPECIAL
Ladios' suits, made by our own tailors, of extra fine quality wool serge;
fit and wear guaranteed.   Special $22.50
NBW COATS
Special showing of Ladies' New Spring CoatB, in black and white checks
and fancy tweed effects.   Special _ $9-50
SKIRTS
Ladies' Tailored Droas Skirts, made of all-wool serge, in navy and black.
Special at :* W.96
RflLUNEBY
Lady, we invite you to visit our Millinery Department and see the hand-
somo collection of trimmed Hats we are showing at $3.50, $4 and $5.00
HOSIERY SPECIAL, 18c
Ladies' fine quality Black Cotton Hose.   Regular 25c.   Special 18c
65c Cashmore Hoso for  49c
All-wool Cashmore Hose.   Regular 65c.   Special  *9c
$2.25 DOYLIE WAISTS, $1.35
Fine quality embroidered Doylio WaistB.   Special $1.36
FLANELLETTE SPECIAL—Extra fine quality English Flannelette, in
plnin white nnd stripes.   Regular 20c.   Spocial, yard 15c
25c CURTAIN SCRIMS, 15c YARD—1000 yards of curtain Bcrims, in
plain colors and plain with fancy floral designs.   Regular 20c and 25c.
Special, por yard 15c
Big Shipment of Dress Goods Just Arrived—Speciul at 60c, 66c, 86c,
$1.00 and $1.25.
WE INVITE YOU TO VISIT  OUR STOBE
GEORGE J. FOWLER Limited
PHONE SEY. 574
139 HASTINGS ST. EAST
-SAVE YOUB MONEY—
O. S. HABRISON, Manager,
Oranvllle and Pender
START A BANK ACCOUNT IN
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away your spare
cash in any old corner where it is
in danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offors you perfect safety for your
monoy, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account is largo or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
0. N. STAGEY, Manager
Hastings ana Oarrall
Broadway Theatre
MAIN AT BBOADWAY
PHONE FAIB. 882
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
March
19,  20,  21
Fannie Ward
—IN—
'WITCHCRAFT'
THE   COLUMBIA  UNIVERSITY
PBIZE PHOTO PLAY
BRING THE CHILDREN
This story will live long ln tlieir memories.
THUB8DAT, FBIDAY AHD BATUBDAY
BILLIE BURKE IN 'PEGGY'
Great Northern transfer Co., Ltd.
FURNITURE MOVING AND PACKING
BYEXPEBTS
Baggage and Express Agents
Cartage and Shipping Agents
Phone Day and Night, Sey. 605 and 405
80 Pender Street East
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
Managed.
327 Seymonr St
MONET TO LOAN
Phone Seymonr 163
Pure Milk T Union Labor
HILLCREST DAIRY
131 FIFTEENTH AVENUE WEST PHONE FAIBMONT 1934
The milk supplied by this
dairy is pure in every sense of
the word.
All the bottles and utensilB
used by this dairy are thoroughly
sterilized.
Our milk supply comes from
the Fraser Valley,
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliancoB for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
GIVE US A TRIAL
The Sign
USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon        Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
FROM I PEN OF
A Vancouver Longshoreman
Tells of Activity Now
Prevailing
Waterfront  Workers Will
Be "At Home" in New
Quarters
[By R. C. Woodbury]
A RECENTLY-PUBLISHED dictionary of similes, editod by Frank J.
Wildstach, a New York theatrical man,
contains among its treasury of 15,000
comparisons drawn from such varied
sources as Balzac and Billy Sunday, ono
by an anonymous writer, "Worked like
minors in a landslide.'1 It is quito evi
dent that the father of this brain-child
resided in an inland town and nover had
an opportunity to view the feverish activity displayed by knights of the hook
when aiming to get a ship away on
timo. Howover, we shall let the matter
stand with tho mental reservation that
hollow logs cannot keep pace with tur1
biners and neither ean a dictionary of
tho sort be unabridged.
Statesmen consider longshoremen beneath their- notice; philosophers never
evon mention themj neither do poets.
Biologists have never considered them
worthy of study and when common, ordinary, everyday writers—like Robert
W. Service, for instance—mention the
genus they do so casually, and then
they use such qualifying and limiting
adjectives as rude, rough, coarse, uneducated, uncouth, turbulent or piratical, according to the way their breakfast was cooked. However, it has been
whispered of late, in very low tones,
that the theories of Darwin apply in
this instance, and thnt longshoremen are
slowly but surely evolving —not into
meal tickets artists—but into respectable citizens. This may or mny not be
due to the fact that waterfront workers
are quite useful animals, and although
there is a stigma attached to useful
labor in any form, to call them respectable citizens is quite inexpensive.
Waterfront Activity Increases.
Nest to the increase in the cost of
living, the moat remarkable phenomenon
during the past twelve months—so far
as Vancouver is concerned—was the increase in shipping. Among the important changes which this brought about
was tho addition to one company of a
long-needed gigantic crane. The recently completed government dock, on the
second occasion of its being used, waa
found quite inadequate, thereby demonstrating that it is not a very largo white
elephant. Perhaps the railway commission may inform us why no cars are
forthcoming for the purpose of transporting its thousands of tons of commodities eastward.
New faces on the waterfront aro many
on account of more men being required
to cope with the increase in shipping,
as well as to replace many who enlisted,
or who departed to work in ammunition
factories and shipyards. There are
some, however, who stick to the waterfront like bnrimHeH to a ship's bottom.
Owing to the large increase in membership, and to the amalgamation of the
lumber handlers with the general cargo
workers, the headquarters on Powell
street has become entirely too small, and
in the near future the I. L. A. will occupy Pender Hall, which is ns roomy as
a warehouso, and in which once upon a
time, wero held dances, card parties,
and even socialist meetings.
Lessons of Recent'Strike.
The recent coastwise strike of longshoremen, although disastrous in the
long run, resulted in an incroase of
wages for overtimo work, which aids a
little in meeting the increase in the cost
of living. In spite of this and other increases in wages, during the past few
years, the cost of living keeps well in
advance of wages—like a fast express
ahead of a handcar. Shipowners are
good-natured, owing to the enormous
profits they are making; but are by no
means inclined to be philanthropic for
business and philanthropy, like water
and oil, do not mix;
The outcome of the strike waB, of
course, due mainly to insufficient organization, and as usual in such instances,
was quite educational, and therefore not
lost. Matters of tbe sort tend to make
trade unionists woigh themselves in the
balances and And wherein they are
wanting. Working men aro proverbially optimistic, and some dream of the
millenium, when aU engaged in transporting passengers and freight by land
and water—railroad men, sailors, longshoremen ahd teamsters—will bo amalgamated together. But I venture to
predict that by the time this has been
accomplished strikes will have become
illegal and militarism, both in Canada
and the United Slates, will have made
them so. That is, unless the workers
arise from their slumber in the meantime.
LongBhoring Is Dangerous Work.
Longshoring continues to be an extrahazardous occupation. So much so that
most accidont insurance companies decline to handle this class of risks.
Broken limbs nro a common occurrence]
and quito recently there wns a case of
anthrax, which, it goes without saying,
was fatal.
In connection with accidents, it may
be as well to mention that among the
longshoremen there Ib marked dissatisfaction with the present Compensation
Act, not only on account of tho red
tape attached to it, but all are agreed
that it should bo non-contributory, nnd
that compensation should begin on tho
day tho injury occurs. There will bo
moro marked dissatisfaction if tho pro-
sent government is so atavistic as to
revert to the hated poll tax. Anyway,
it ought to bo bonoath the dignity of a
government to indulgo in a hold-up.
The I. L, A, forestalled the govern
meat as it has a sick benefit fund of its
own, which is a preliminary to something hotter. In case of sicknoBB or accidont it looks after its members as woll
ns circumstances will permit; in case of
death it doos tho same, and whon other
arrangements have not beon mado, bur*
ies deceased members, using the beautiful ritual of tho Western Federation of
Miners.
Although times have boen fairly good
on the waterfront during the past eighteen months, competition for jobs is dc-
cnsionally as keen as a two-edged Toledo sword, whilo at others longshore-
SiUj and Lisle
Thread Underwear for Women
THE following mentioned lines are reinforced
and refashioned in the
most correct manner. Values merit your particular
attention,
\       VESTS
Lisle rib, sleeveless, with
plain beaded edge, 40c.
Also with V neck, plain
top or with crochet yoke,
50c and 75c.
Mercerized lisle in plain
band top, 75c.
Fine grade mercerized
lisle, with hand crochet
yoke, $1.00.
Pure ribbed silk with Italian silk band top, $2.75.
SUITS
Fine lisle with band top
'and beaded edge, with
tight or loose knee or envelope style; these are reinforced, $1.00.
Fine lisle with band top, in
the new envelope style,
$1.25.
Fine mercerized lisle, with
band top, crochet yoke or
plain beaded edge, with
tight or loose knee or the
popular envelope style,
and reinforced, $1.75.
Silk top lisle suits, in
white or pink, with tight
knee, band top and sleeveless, $1.75.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
LABOB TO 00 AFTEE REPRE- -
SENTATION IN LOOAL HOUSE
(Continued from page 1)   *
FBIDAT. -...March 16, 101
men are satiated with work like a boy
with delicacies at a picnic, and are as
independent aa tho Swiss republic.
Be Oood At Union Meetings.
Union bylaws aro as numerous as the
civic bylaws of Berlin, where it is prescribed how an umbrella must be carried by a pedestrian, and the organization controls its individual members so
well that rarely is there an infraction
of a law There is no capital punishment, except expulsion, and that has occurred but once sinco the local was organized. No member is permitted to
work long hours, and all must attend
meetings occasionally.
As the writer is not a sport, everyone
else knows more about the I. L. A. Athletic club, and its football team than he.
If any one wishes to ascertain if they
possess any talent or can be sociable
upon occasions, let him attend the club's
next annual smoker.
The Vancouvor local of the International Longshoremen's Association
provided with an efficient set of officers,
who know their business aB well as the
fiddler at Fezziwig's ball. The local is
affiliated with the central labor council,
and the B C. Federation of Labor; also
with its district and international and
through the latter with the American
Fedoration of Labor. It has a membership roll of 790 men, and itB treasury
is not empty.
MERCHANTS ASK REPEAL
OF HALF-HOLIDAY AOT
Legislation For Maximum Week of 62
Hours Is Favored.
At a meeting of Vancouver retail
merchants, held during the week,
committee was appointed to interview
the provincial authorities and endeavor
to secure tho repeal of the half-holiday
bill for retail store clerks during the
present session of the legislature.
The resolution passed by the meeting,
at which 60 merchants were present,
reads as follows:—
"That tho closing of the stores on
tho afternoon of any legal business day
in tho year Is not in the best interests
of business.
That wo rccommond that the government be requested to abolish tho
present half-holiday Act.
"That tho government be requested
to bring in a new bill making it compulsory for all retail merchants to
give their employees one afternoon
off each weok, excepting the weeks in
which civic and legal holidays occur,
also in the week preceding Christmas,
and that a maximum week's work for
store employees shall not exceed 62
hours."
Tho committee appointed to approach
the government will work in conjunction with a similnr committee appointed by the retail merchants of Victoria.
As noted in nnother column of this
issue of The Fedorationist, the protest
of organized labor against the alteration of the Act has already been made
to the governmont, this action being
taken during the conference of the executivo of tho B. 0. Federation with the
provincial members of the provincial
Cabinet last Monday.
'UNION'
' RETAIL STORES
AT PRINCE RUPERT
Firms Employing Union Clerks Display
Cards To That Effect.
The Retail Clerks' union of Princo
Rupert has adopted the system of distributing "union cards" for display in
the stores of morchants who employ
union labor in ordor that the purchasing
public may be advised as to the sup-
these merchants. A largo number of
Prince Rupert merchants now take
pride in publicly displaying these cards.
ing of two members in the house by
that party and the registering of 22 per
cent, of the vote of the province did not
do more good than propaganda meetings! If the socialist party was no longer a factor in the province, it was a
question as to whether this waB due to
its doctrine or its methodB. There wore
workingmen in the province, both within and without tho socialist party, who
were perfectly capable of doing good
work in the legislature and it was up to
Labor to try and put them there. As to
finances, the socialist party often did
not have tho monoy for its deposits before election day. During the last provincial election, Mr. Trotter was driven
to the wall at the last moment for his
deposit, and the speaker had assisted
him to get the money, which wns later
repaid. Mr. Trotter's expenses in that
campaign was only $385, and from this
the council could seo that a campaign
fund for a Labor candidate could bo
raised in a few nights. Tho question
for the council to decide was as to
I whether this was tho psychological time
to enter the field, Even if the man was
not elected, good work would be dune,
und campaign meetings were good places
for propaganda work. Personally, the
speaker believed tho political conditions
were such as mado possible a good showing for the candidate. The record made
would show tho wisdom of similar action in tho future.
Referendum Vote Proposed.
Dels. Benson und Copping moved that
tho matter bo referred to a referendum
voto of the Vancouver unions, tho organizations to also state their position
as to financial support for the campaign.
Mr. Benson said that while the socialists could raise campaign funds as Pros,
McVety had said, this was duo to the
fact that they maintained a political organization, whilo tho council did not.
- Dol. Mibb Gutteridge referred to tho
probability of tho bye-olections being
put off until women could vote. She bolieved that with a real campaign, appealing to both men and women, the
candidate would have a good chance.
Del. Kavanagh said ho welcomed tho
referendum proposal us it would give a
chance for propaganda work in the
unions. Del. McVety said it was useless
to delay action. Tho sooner the matter
was sottled and, if a candidate was to
be run, his campaign was started, the
better for his success.
Del. Reed thought the referendum
voto a wise move. Labor had in the
past often jumped too quickly and suffered afterward aB a result.'
Tho voto was then taken with the referendum proposul being defeated, and
tho main proposal carried as noted in
the opening paragraphs of this article.
The decision as to the submission of
names for candidates by the unions was
mado on a resolution of Del. Reed, the
limit of April 19 being suggested by
Secretary Midgley.
Vote on Fedefation Referendum.
The referendum query as to tho B. C,
Federation entering the political field
wub sottled in short order. Del. Kavanagh said that as tho council had decided to go part way, it might as well
mako the entire jump and, after a very
brief discussion, tho ballot was taken
with a showing of 29 for and 4 against.
Applications for affiliation with the
council were mado by the Amalgamated
Corpenters, the Wood, Wire and Metal
Lathers, and the Bridge and Structural
Iron Workers.
Credentials were received and the
delcgutes obligated as follows: Lathers,
A. Surges; Amalgamated Carpenters, R.
Jackson, J. Smith, R. JSdwurds and R.
McCormack. Steam Engineers, J. P.
O'Neil in place of J. Winder bottom.
Civic Employees, J. McFarlane in place
of J. C.-Wood.
Announcement wns mado of the annual meeting of the B. C. Federationist,
Ltd., for March 24, and the council concurred in the recommendation that the
executive be instructed to vote the
shares of thc council at thejneoting.
The staement of the B. C. Fedoration
on the aubject of conscription (given in
full in last week's issue of Tho Federationist), was endorsed and a copy ordered to be sent to the Ottawa authori-
08.
Dol, Watson stated that the Civic
Firemen's union had engaged Del. Midgley as business agont in connection with
his work for the civic employees.
President McVety reported that after
interviews in,which he^howed that the
council's work with the immigration au
thoriticB fully covered the necessary entrance of labor from acroBB the lino, a
recommendation that the present order-
in-council covoring this field be continued had been sent to Ottawa by Dominion members from the province. He also
reported having taken up with the
cigarmakers the quostion of employing
returned soldiers, the commission in
charge having proposed the establishment of a cigar factory for them. He
hnd also made representation to the
civic authorities as to the Canadian Northern paying only 40 cents per hour on
bridge and structural work and pile
driving on Falso Creek, as compared
with the standard wage of 45 cents.
On the discission as to the work of
the Globe Contracting Co. on the public
market at Main and Hastings streets,
tho bricklayers reported they had decided to koep away from the job.
The council approved tho revision of
the constitution und bylaws as, submitted by the exocutive. The chiof alterations from the old rules is the raising of
the per capita tax to 5 cents per month,
payable monthly, providing for the appointment of a business agent at tho
discretion of the council and covering
the proposal for unions of any line of
industry acting as a council committee
as tho building trades are now proposing to dp.
Roll Call of Delegates.
Statistician Cottrell reports that CO
delegates wore present, aB follows:
Machinists, J. Brooks, J. H. McVety,
A. R. Towler and W. M. Hawthorn;
civic employees, V. R. Midgley and G.
Harrison; letter carriers, F. Knowles, N.
Barlow, J. Cass and R. Wight; sailors'
union, W, S. Burns; brotherhood of carpenters, G. Thorn, J. H. Copping D. Lyons, A. McDonald, and J. Campbell;
tailors, Helena Gutteridge, J. T. .Ellsworth, C. S. O/en and A. R. Gntenby;
milk wagon drivers, T. Errington; city
firomon, A. BettB and A. Watson; garment workerB, J. A. McMaster; electrical workors, F. Woodsido and E. H.
Morrison; steam ongineors, J. O'Neill;
deep sea fishormon, R. Kenrley; brick-
layers, W. S. Dagnall, W. J. Pipes and
E. Wildo; painters, W. Knight; press
assistants, F. W. Jure; typos, H. C. Benson; cooks and waiters, A, Graham;
street railwaymen, E. G. Kormode, W.
H. Cottrell, F. A. Hoovor, ,T. Hubble, A.
Mclnnes and R. E. Rigby; longBhore-
men, J, Kavanagh; movie operators, W.
Tenney and A. C. Hansen; barbers, «L
P. Ferris nnd S. H. Grant; printing
pressmen, E. B. Stephenson; pile drivers,
W. Eostman and J. Harrison; brewery
workera, A. Sykesj' retail clerks, C. D.
Bruce and A. P. Glen; plasterers, H.
Reed and  S,  Rush;  cigarmakers, A.
WORKERS IN EXPLOSIVES
PLANT OO ON STRIKE
300 Employees oft Canadian Explosives
Co. State Case to Oovernment
The employees at the James Island
plant of the Canadian Explosives Co.
on Vancouver Island, to the number of
300, walked out last Saturday morning
as the result of a dispute with their
employers concerning hours and working conditions. The men came to Victoria, where they presented their case
to Messrs, G. H. Barnard, M.P., and R.
F. Green, M.P. The Dominion members
approached the employers in behalf of
the men, but District Manager Moore is
said to have flatly refused to consider
their requests.
The men are asking for a six-day
weok, shorter working hours, nnd the
sanitary improvement of the quarters
providod for them, as well as proper
food at reasonable rates.
At a conference with Premier Brewster on Monday, it was stated that the
sleeping quarters allotted the men were
unhealthy and the food furnishod was
unfit to eat. On theBe points the Premier promised that an investigation
would be made .and, if matters were
found as represented, the government
would take steps to remedy conditions.
In their interview with Messrs. Barnard and Green, the mon outlined thoir
demands as to working hours and extra
pay for overtime, making it plain that
Sunday and overtime work was not favored.
Tho "company town" maintained at
the James Island plant is also objected
to by tho men, and at a meeting on Sunday, they sent a resolution up to the
government asking for legislation which
would prohibit arrangements of this
character.
WORKINO CONDITIONS IN
UPPER COUNTRY OOAL MINE
Complaints Made As to Operations of
Working In Drumheller District.
Reports coming from tho coal mines
in the Drumheller district indicate the
existence of conditions at the Rosednlo
mine, which would appear to warrant investigation. It is'said that an internment enmp for Austrians is located at
the point, and that, if an Austrian asks
the company's office for his time, he is
told to get back to work or the mounted
police will be put after him, and he will
be locked up.
The wage scale paid at this mine is
said to bo from $1 to $2 per day less
than that paid at other mines in tho
Drumheller district, the men engaged on
company work getting from $2 por day
up, with only a few receiving $3. As
far as the Austrians are concerned, it is
possible they may never receive anything. With reference to wages paid
othors than miners, it is said that a good
carpenter is paid only $2.50 to $3 per
day.
Tho attitude of the owners of tho mine
toward unionism may be judged when it
is stated that a union man is not allowed to cross the bridge leading to the
workings.
In some cases the miners are obliged
to go to the bunkhouae to wash, and is
then provided with only cold water, this
being a violation of section 87 of the
Mines Act, which provides thnt where
more than twenty men are employed underground, accommodation for washing
and changing of clothing Bhall bo made
in convenient places other than the engine room or boiler house. *
MEETING OF ALLIED
PRINTINO TRADES COUNCIL
Asked That Union Label Be Demanded
on Photo Engravings.
Last Monday evening tho Vancouver
Allied Printing Trades council held its
regular meeting in Labor Temple. President Geo. Bartley occupied the chair,
and the attendance of delegates was
vory encouraging.   .
C. Homewood and H. F. Langham
presented credentials from the Stereotypers' and Electrotypers; union, and
they were duly obligated as representatives of that organization.
Trade was reported fair in all
branches affiliated with the council.
As well as urging a demand for the
Allied printing label, the council wishes
to draw attention to the label of the
Photo Engravers' union, with a request
that those purchasing cuts of any description insist upon it being stamped
thereon. At present there are four
photo engravers employed in Vancouver.
An active demand for union product
only would soon increase that number
sufficiently to enable them to secure a
charter and organize a local union. Ask
for the label.
OFFICES OF DISTRICT 18
CHANGED TO OALOARY
District fo Hold New Election of Officers After Oalgary Conference.
At tho recent convention of District
18, Western Federation of Miners, held
at Fernie, it was -decided to remove the
head offico from Fernie to Calgary, this
location being deemed more central and
convenient for the transaction of business.
The convention debated at some
length the questions arising as the result of the ballot for district officials,
a movement developing for the turning
down of the tellers' final report. The
question was finally settled by continuing in office the officials returned by
the tellers until after tho Calgary conforonco with tho employers was concluded, whon nnothor election will be held.
The district officials are now in Calgary, conferring with the operators on
the terms of a now agreement to tnke
the place of the one which expires on
March 31. The operators refused last
week to consider the demands of the
men, but on Tuesday conferences were
resumed and are still in progress. ■
Dr. Robert Telford will speak on
"Proportional Representation," at the
meoting of tbe Open Forum on Sunday
afternoon at 2.30, in the O'Brien hall.
W. J. Curry will be chairman.
St. Louis Labor says:—"There have
always boen two classeB of labor leaders: the one class fighting bravely and
fearlessly the battles of tho working
clnss, the other lickspittling with the
capitalist employing class to the detriment of a healthy, clean labor movement." Sure thing. Tho firBt mentioned is a danger and a threat to tho
slave masters and robbers of our time.
Tho latter is one of the chief bulwarks
of tho capitalist regimo of robbery and
rapine, for it always steers the labor
movemont away from all action that in
any manner threatens the property
rights of masters in the souls and bodies
of slaves. It represents tiro most sinister and reactionary influenco in tiro labor world of this profit hungry age.
It is the chief obstacle in the pathway
of a real and virile lnbor movement.
Kochel and H, G. Kirbitz; moulders, A.
H. Donaldson; amal. carpenters, J. G.
Smith; plumbers, F. W. Welsh; boot and
shoe workers, T. Corey. Sixty members
present. i
RAY'S
Dollar Day
Saturday
Pickled Ox Tongle $1.00
Half smoked ham _ 1.00
Hamburg Steak, 10 lbe. for.. 1.00
Fresh-made Sausage, 10 Ills... 1.00
T-bone Boasts, i% lbs 1.00
King Bib Boasts, ty, lbs..... 1.00
Sirloin Boast, 4% lbs. 1.00
Bump Boast, 5 lbs. 1 1.00
Bound Steak, 5 lbs 1.00
Sirloin Steak, 5 lbs 1,00
White You Bare a Dollar,
Bay Saves a Dime
COAL
1000 Tons of
NUT
On hand for
IMMEDIATE
DELIVERY
MIDDLESBORO
COLLERIES LTD.
Sales Depot—Bey. 1003
Branch—Bay. 2827
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, lb... 26c
Slater's Streakey Bacon, lb. 26c
Slater's value Tea, lb 26c
Slater's value Coffee, lb 26c
We deliver to all parti.
131 Hastings St. East   Sey, 3202
830 Oranvllle St.     Sey. 866
3214 Main Street,    Fair, 1683
WE OATEB TO UNION TBADE
UNION-MADE The best that
CU/'VPC money can buy
JlaKJLuJ    $4.50 to $8.50
SlMera. LecUee. Waylud.
J. A T. Bell. Amu-Holdra
CLUFF SHOE CO.
640 Hastings Street West
Hotel Canada
618 Bichards Street
VANCOUVER
(Near Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best, quality
"STRICTLY UNION LABOB"
Wilson & McNeil
Painters, Paperhangers
and Decorators
1166 13th Are. East Vancouver
Phone Fairmont 750B
Estimates given on any work in
onr line.
N, B.—We cater to out-of-town
trada as well u for work tn Vancouver. Write us, stating your needs and
we will advise you.
&\
.luTmon Qobc
acco.

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345182/manifest

Comment

Related Items