BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Mar 30, 1917

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345181.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345181-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345181-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345181-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345181-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345181-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345181-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

EIGHTH YS&B.   No. 13
; ="*'*&
A Restoration of Industrial
Life Makes It Almost
Will Be Up for Action at the
Meeting Next Thursday Night
Labor counoil should have a
live business agent, devoting
his whole time to the work of
looking after the interests of organized labor in this city. There
has been sufficient change in the
local industrial situtation to warrant this action. In 1911, prior to
the collapse of the real estate
boom, and the war, the central
labor body had a paid business
agent, who had as his associates
in the work more than twenty
business agents of affiliated
unions. It was good business then.
And it would be good business
now. For thc past three years
there was little else to do in the
local Labor movement but mark
time. Chaotic conditions, over
which the workers had no control,
made such a policy imperative,
This is no longer the" case. Industrial conditions have been improving for the past year..  There are
at least 3000 more minors employed in
thia provinco todny than n yonr ngo.
Tho shipbuilding industry is becoming
an importunt fuctor na n payroll, and
it will bo dovclopcd to huge proportions
during tho noxt fow yearB. Evory machine shop on the coast iB increasing its
capacity, and number of omployoes,
Many othor industries aro boing developed and nltogethor tho outlook is such
that Vancouver Trndes and Labor council must riso to the occasion.
Many Big Problems Ahead
In addition to tho trade affairs of
tho various unions, there is also tho legislative aspect to bo considered. Tho
members of organized labor must expect to have to face serious problems
during the next few years. Many of
theso arise directly ^s the result of the
war. Others wore here long beforo
that and still demand the uttention of
trades unions. All this work can not
be left entirely to tho B. C. Fedoration
of Labor and tho Trades nnd Labor
Congross of Cnnndn. Tho central lnbor bodies must help. Vnncoavor, representing ubout half the population of
B, C, must pnvo tho way and mnke
up its mind to do its share.
For tho past three years or moro A'nn-
couver Trades and Labor Council hus
beon fortunate in that it was ablo to
secure tho services of tho secretary of
the Lnbor Tomple Co., J. H. McVoty,
who, it must bc admit ted, hns dono
more work for tho sentral labor body,
as its president, nt no cost to thc
Council, thnn for tho Labor Tomple Co.
itself. This hns not beon fair to Vancouver Trados nnd Lnbor Council. It
hus not boen fnir to the Lnbor Temple
Co. It hus not been fair to Mr. McVety. The Federationist believes that
ihe timo has arrived to chango this
system of gratuitous service to a proper
business-like basis, and nt the same
time make it possiblo for the council
to demand tho wholo timo of n duly-
electod business agent.
Increased Per Capita Tax
Some weeks ngo the central labor
body submitted the question of raising
tho per capita tax from 10 cents per
quarter to 5 conts per month, with a
view to making tho revenue sufficient
to meet tho exponse of hnving n permnnent business agont. With ono or
at most two exceptions, nil tho affiliated unions have consented to the raise.
Tho change will possibly be made at
next mooting of tho council, on April
5th. Evory delegato in tho city should
be present and tnko part in any movo
made with a view to increasing the
usefulness of thut body.
New Organization
Among recont acquisitions to tho lo-
i cal trade union movemont hnve boon
tho Rotnil Clorks. Since becoming a
renl affiliated thados union it has a
membership of nbout 50, with more
names being added oach wook. It needs
the assistance nnd co-operation of tho
central labor body and a business
Anothor is tho Boot and Shoe Workers. Tho employees of tho Leckie Shoe
Co. have organizod and secured better
working conditions. But they need
help. ' And tho repair shops should
also bo lined up.
The Civic Firemen's union, aftor
many trials and difficulties born of experience, is now about 95 por cent, organized, thanka to the voluntary work
l of individual trado unionists. They
■ are out for tho adoption of the two-
platoon system nnd need tho hearty
co-operation of every othor trado union*
ist in tho city Tho central labor body
should give thom the services of a
business agent at all times possiblo. The
Firoiofen aro well worth whilo.
The Steam Shovel and Drcdgemcn
havo recontly organized and could do
with a lift.
fc The whole of the building trades unions aro coming back and thero is reason to believe that the Building Trades
Council can bo strengthened in conjunction with the central labor body.
Tho jitney drivers havo boen talking
of organizing for some months past, and
it only nedds some ono to round them
There aro hundreds of men now
working in tho many garage nnd automobile shops. TheBe ahould be organized.
The teamsters, chauffeurs and truck
drivers of tho city should bo organized.
There are hundreds of thom, working
long hours at short wuges.   The Long
shoremen would welcome organization
among thiB claas of labor. The Teamsters have had a good union, in fact
they fell, down a second time. But the
third timo ahould win, if it were made
somebody 'a business to look after them
at every meoting for a few months,
till they got on their feet. The Milk
Wagon Drivers are maintaining aa organization, but need the assistance of
organizod labor as a whole.
Becent New Affiliations
The following organizations have
either affiliated or re-affiliated with
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
this year: Amalgamated Carpenters;
Lathers; Bridge aad Structural Iron
Workers; Plasterers; l'ile Drivers and
Wooden Bridgemeu; Steam Shovel and
Dredgomon; Shipwrights nnd Boat
Builders; Railway Mail Clerks; Steam
Engineers; Boot und Shoe Workers;
Iron Molders; liotuil Clerks, and Civic Firemen.
Opportune Time for Action.
Tho spring bcusoii ia just opening up
and now is the time for the central
lubor budy to do effective work. Tho
Federationist believes that the work
suggested ubuvo will fully occupy tho
whole time und attention of a business
agent, lt believes thut the old established unions owe that much to tho
newer organizations and to the unions
thut are to be. It believes, too, that
when the question is put up to them
fairly and squurely at noxt meeting,
tho delegates will" know what to do—
and do it with a will.
Air Has Now Been About Cleared and
Men Hare Signed Up.
Tho quostion of "short speciala" is
still a Bubject of discussion among the
streot rail wuy men, the temper of the
men running somewhat high at times
during the week. A thorough threshing
out of the subject nt meetings of both
the duy aad night men on Wednesday,
cleared tho air, however, and the only
problems now left to be Bettled cover
points which the executive is tuking up.
Two running sheets were posted by
tho company eurly in the woek, ono
being u company sheet which wns much
better than the original one, which was
turned down by the men, as it included
only 27 runs which called for less than
7 houra per day. The other sheet waa
based on the elimination of short
speciala outirely including only two
runs of leas than 7 hours, but providing
for this arrangement at the expense of
the regular runs, a condition of affairs
which at onco aroased opposition.
The men signed up on.the company
sheet ou Wednesday, and at the mooting of the division on the same night,
the matter was taken up. The action
was tho passing of a resolution which
permits the men, at their option, to sign
up for tho 7-hour Bpocials, this being
tho original recommendation of the executive on the point.
The question which tho exocutive now
have on thoir hands is how to properly
care for the men who have signed up
for those short speciul runB, it boing recognized that tho pay they will receive
for the work is inadequate for the demands of the cuao with living conditions as they now aro. The opinion of
the executivo has already been declared
to bo that nt least 7 hours work por
duy should bo provided in ordor that
nouessury demands might be properly
Messrs. G. A. Cameron and J. W.
Dew, who huve been oa tho Bick list for
some timo, nro now reported to bo nt
the convalescent stage, and will soon be
buck at work.
Motorman W. T. Grant hns tnkon to
the general hospital during the weok,
but tho report1 as to his caso is of a
favorable naturo, and looks toward his
speedy recovory,
Demand That Force Of Two Men Be
Stationed at Isolated Points,
Strong representations will be mado
to Dominion officials before next winter comes round as to tho necessity of
making better provision at points north
of Hazelton for tho welfare nnd safety
of tho telegraph employees on the governmont telegraph line to the Yukon.
It has been tho practice to leave only
ono man, summer and winter, at these
cabins. Tho line follows a route
through an isolated country and frequently tho operators are said not to
seo a soul from one year's end to the
other, a pack train tuking in thoir supplies only once a yoar.
It was iu this district that Operator
Elphinston, stutioned at Third Cabin,
met his death two yours ngo. In this
caso a relief wns not sont to tnko the
placo of Ms mate aud Mr. Elphinston
was found frozen to death on the
trail. Despite this fnct, it is understood thnt only one man was stationed
nt Third Cabin last wintor and that a
second man was aent to Second Cabin
only during a grout storm in January
whon tho operator d,id not roport for
four days, being out on the lino repairing breaks. It woud appear that conditions such us theso on a govornment
telegraph lino call for immediate remedy.
(In Vancouver \
City 12.00 )
$1.60 PER YEAR
Signing of Nanaimo  and
Ladysmith Agreements
a Mistake
Result Has Been Detrimental to Workers at
Other Points
SUNDAY, April 1—Bartenders)
Moving Picture Operators;
Steam Engineers; Steam Shovel & Dredgomon; Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgemen,
MONDAY, April 2—Eloctrical
Workers; Boilermakers; Tailors.
TUESDAY, April ..3 —Bailway
Firemen; Amal. Cnrptntors;
WEDNESDAY, April 4—Press
Feeders; Plustorors; Tile Layers; Shoo Workers; Letter Car*
THURSDAY, April 6 —Trades
and Labor council; Brewery
Workers; Garmont Workers. *
FBIDAY, April 0—Railway Carmen; Moulder*; Civic Employees.
SATURDAY, April 7—Bakers.
—(Special to Tho Federationist).—In
accordance with the wishes of somo of
tho delegates to thc Revelstoke convention of tho B; C. Federation, I will
try to give a resume of tho events that
havo transpired in this wild and woolly
part of Vancouver Island. I think
"sleepy hollow" would bo n more appropriate name when tho manner in
which the men at Nanaimo ond Ladysmith havo allowed thomselvoB to be
hoodwinked into signing three-year and
two-yenr agreements respectively, is
Those agreements are working a
groat hardship 'upon many men, especially the men working on tho surfaco, in.
asmucu as thoy aro uot included in the
terms and are; in the bargain, very
badly paid. Tho companies are, presumably, working on the promise that if
they ihrow out sufficient sop to tho
classes of labor who aro in the mnjority, placating thom for tho timo being,
and inveigle them into signing a timo
agreement, thoy leave the minority,
who nro badly paid, powerless to act. I
saw a glnring instance of tho condition a few days ago.
New General Manager Arrives.
Chnnges have taken place in this littlo burg and tho company is undergoing a re-shuffle. Our old friend (I),
Mr. Tonkin, hns been replaced by Mr.
Paino, an eastern capitalist, who visited the mines lust woek and asked for
nn interview with tho mon's committee. Ho gnvc tho impression of being
a fair-minded man, but, as is usual with
men of his clnss, ho novor throw any
bouquets at organizod labor. The mo.
chnnical staff asked your humble servant to ask at that time for a roiso
of pay. Machinists aro getting Ue to
45c por hour, boiler-makers -Wc and
blncksmiths helpors 33c. In viow of
the fact that men in those trades nro
obtaining highor wages throughout tho
country, they thought they should get
moro, but the superintendent refused
point blank, on tho ground of tho
scalo boing the rates prevailing ot tho
Western Fuel Co.'s mines in Nanaimo.
So, thoro you are. Simply because the
men in Nanaimo went to sleop for a
littlo while ami allowed a few of the
company's suckers to railroad an ngreement through, men throughout this district are to suffor.
Logically, our superintendent hns tho
best of the argument, becauso tho Western Fuel Cu.'s mines nre a much hotter
paying proposition than the mines of
tho Pacific Const Coul Co., which has
ono mine on tho point of finishing and
thc othor ou a poorly dovolopod basis.
At tlio last mooting of the local
here, a vote was taken on tho question of tho Federation entering tho
political arena, and tho voto was practically unanimous, as was tho voto oa
tho membership subscribing ns a wholo
to tho Federationist.
Tho election quostion is Btill standing
as it stood when Parker Williams resigned. * Tho Liberal candidate is Btill
gum.shooing. It is a hard thing to sny,
but for the first time in ovor 13 years,
labor is without a representative in tho
provincial house, due to tho politicnl
trickory of a government which has
fessed so much love for labor.
I am iu receipt of informntion from
Mr. Geo. Gold, secretary of Ladysmlth
Locnl U. M. W, of A.,' relative to tho
Extension agreement, and it is another
case of "railroading," The men held
a meeting of their own and inserted a
sliding scalo in tho proposed ugrecmont,
which they considered nocessary, owing
to tho abnormal conditions brought a-
bout by so much food speculation. ThiB
was not satisfactory to tho bosses, who
caused a voto to bo tnken nt tho pithead during the change of shifts on an
agreement of their own making, and, of
course, nil tho bosses woro on hand to
coorco tho men by their prosonco.
Thoro is nothing in tho agrcomont to
prevent discrimination and, according
to my informant, men who were active
in the meetings hnvo boon dismissed.
This agreement, in common with tho
Nanaimo agreement, has been praised
nnd glorified in tho capitalist press.
This is also the kind of an agreemont
concerning whieh our Into goneral man-
ager was peovod becauso of our refusal
to sign. South Wellington mon absolutely refused to sign nny agreement unless it embraced recognition of our
Tho Extension compnny has granted
the mon a fortnightly pay, to tnko effect aftor May 1, bat thero is a possibility of a fortnightly pay bill boing
made law by that time.
Are Demanding Wage Increase of Fifty Cents
Per Day
Company Make Compromise
Offer But Men Are
Suggested That Joint Offices Be Secured and Beading Boom Opened.
At a meeting of tho Building TradoB
council during the wook tho quostion of
arranging for quarters in the Labor
Templo which might bo used jointly by
the various locals connected with the
building trades was discussed. The gen-
oral views of the representatives wns
favorable to tho project ond it was decided to interview tho locals and ascertain tho views of tho membership.
Tho plan suggested is that connecting
offices bo secured, ono of which will
be fitted up for a common reading room
and tho othors used as officos by tho
busincBS ogonts and secretaries. It is
considered that Buch arrangements will
do much to assist ia promoting tho
spirit of union and co-operation which is
desirable nmong unionists engaged in
trados along the same lines.
TRAIL, B. C, March 20.—(Special to
Thc Federationist.)—In tho territory of
District No. 0, undor tho jurisdiction of
tho International Union of Mine, Mill
& Smoltor Workors, is located tho corporation known as the Consolidated
Miaing A Smelting Co. This company
controls tho greater part of tho operations of mining and smelting ores iu thc
Kootenay and Boundary country, nnd
nil of its properties are running full
blast.' During tho last two years great
changos have taken placo in Trail. A
zinc plant, hns been erected, which is
turning out about thirty tons of rollnod
motel overy 24 hours/and a copper re-
llnory has been added at the smelter,
which was found to bo too small. The
manufacture of acid, which is ncoessary
in the reduction process, is nlso carried
oa at the plant.
Unionism Not Favored ■
A recont statement of the general
manager noted that $1,000,000 had
beon expended in improving tho plant,
and that this was ddno for tho purpose
of turning out more metal products, the
demand for which had increased with
the result of increased prices. In making demnnds from tho management it
was said that the smelter was operated
at a loss, ia face of the fact that metals
had gono up in prices of more than 100
per cont. This compnny does not want
to havo anything to do with tho organization of District No. 6 if it oan possibly help it, but tho chances of winning
concessions from this corporation were
nover moro favorable to the mon than
juBt now, and tho district is taking advantage of this opportunity.
Tho shortage of labor on tho market,
tho intense demand for metal goods at
high'prices, and the fact that the Consolidated pays lower wages than any
other company in British Columbia for
the same kind of work, are circumstances that are of benefit to the workers in thiB pnrt of the country. As a
rosult of tho activities of the district
organizntion, the comoany has granted
a raise of .wagesi .to 'Sfifjaf its* employees
of 25 cents per any.
Strike Vote on Wages
Thc demands of the mon aro fifty
cents por day increnso, nnd tho checkoff system. A striko voto is boing taken
by tho men on tho enforcement of theso
demands. Tho sentiment of tho mon is
to light the issuo to a successful conclusion.
As a result of tho construction work
being nbout finished, a number of inou
hnvo boen dischnrged, und most of them
have left for other Holds to peddle their
labor power. .
Full returns of tho striko ballot aro
expected in by April 1. It is advised
that all men stocr clenr of tho weaklings of the Consolidated until moro remuneration for lnbor power has been arranged. Tho wages pnid at Greenwood
nnd Phoenix, where plnnts nre operated
by two difforent companies, are nbout
75 cents per day higher than is pnid in
Trail, and in tho mines nt Ilosslund,
Kiinbcrloy nnd othor plncos controlled
by the Consolidated.
Chinese and Japanese Both Engaged On
Work at Looal Mill
A trades unionist wandoring around
Fairviow this week saw a numbor of
Chinks and Japs working around tho
Hanbury mill plant. Being inquisitive,
ho mado some enquiries and found that
thoso Orientnls wore cutting lumber for
ammunition boxos. Thoy worked a
10-kour day for which tho Jap received
$2 and tho Chink, *1.76. Tho task of
nailing tho boxes wub dono by whito
mon, who woro paid at a pieco rato
which gave them, working a 13-hour
day, a wago of from $2.50 to $2.75.
Demands of Organised Labor Heard and
Preliminary Aetion Authorised
Tho Alberta legislature, in response
to tho domands of tho forces of organizod labor in tho province, has docidod
fnvorably on tho policy of placing a
Workmen's Compensation Act ou the
statute books. Tho Houso hns votod
$3000 to cover the expenses of a com.
mission which Bhnll make a thorough
survey of tho fiold nnd bring in a draft
Aet for .consideration at the noxt sob-
sion. This commission is to bo com*
posod of a roprcBontativo of labor,
another from the employers, nnd n third
selected as a government representative.
Condition of employment
unstable and men being laid
Advise all men to KEEP
Wages paid men are lowest in the district.
Trail Mill and Smeltcrmeii's
Union, No, 105.
Proposals to Enter the Field
Are Being Well
Typos. Only Local Which
Has Yet Frowned on
THERE WAS an opidomio of political talk about the halls of the
Labor Tomplo during tho week aB the
reeult of the discussions on the action
of the central labor body in culling for
nominees to contest the Vancouver seats
at the coming bye-election and the referendum vote of the B. C. Foderation
of Labor on the question of its.eutoring
tho political field.
Generally speaking, Vancouvor tradea
unionists are taking to these proposed
political movements "like ducks going
to water." At the meeting of almost
overy local where the questions were
discussed, the possibility of ballots being cast at coming polls for candidates
who will really represent Labor's interests and make possible the expression of the sentimentB of workers in-tho
halls of government is being given a
hearty reception.
It is a practically foregone conclusion
that the voto of the Vancouver unions
affiliated with the B. C. Federation of
Labor will return an overwhelming vote
in favor of the organization taking part
in thc political game.
Typos, in Class By Themselves.
The Typos, stand almost in a class by
themselves by refusing to take part in
the proposed political activities of the
Trades and Labor council, as noted in a
report of their meeting in another column of this issuo. • The only other affiliated organization which has as yet indicated action of a similnr nature is tbe
Deep Son Fishermen, which covers a
line of work where political action is
well night impossible.
No "dark horses" have developed
during the week, the list of names mentioned as possiblo nominees in The Federationist of lost weok still being accepted as tho "racing guide" for tbe
Some of the localB are not content to
submit nominations on the vote of the
membership at a meeting, but have de
cided to do tho matter up thoroughly
by taking a referendum voto of their
entire membership on the nominees.
Investigation of Demands of Wireless
Operators Will Start Shortly
Tho personnel of the board of enquiry
which is to investigate tho claims of
the wireless telegraph operators on tho
boats of the C. P. R. and the Union
Steamship Co., running on constat service from Vanoouver, for an increnso
of pay, has now been completed. An
agreement that Mr, R. R. Muitland of
Vancouver should bo the third member
was arrived at curly this week nt n
conference between Mr. J, H. McVety
and Mr, Matt Barr, representatives on
thc bonrd of thc men and the employers
respectively. Arrangements will be
mado shortly for meetings of tho board
to hoar the facts of the caBC.
Meetings Will Be Held Every Wednesday Night For the Present
At a meeting of representatives of
tho locals connected with thu metal
trados, hold in tho Labor Templo last
Saturday evening, it was decided to
form a joint organization. Whether
this will bo in the form of a Metal
Trudes Council under an A. F. of L.
charter, or operate as a Trades und Labor council committee, under tho provisions recently approved by tho central labor body, has not yet been set.
ln view of tho many important questions now bofore the workers iu the
metal trades, it was decided to hold
meetings every Wednesday night for
the present. Tho temporary officers
of the organizntion ure: chairman, Mr.
Barclay of tho Boilermakers', and secretary, Mr. Simpson of the Moulders'.
Several Dominion Officials Take Active
Part at Conferences.
Conferences between tho representatives of District 18 and tlfB tiporators
of tho coal mines in that district are
still in progress at Calgary. Eurly in
tho week a deadlock existed ns to whether the quostion of wnges or working
conditions should first bo discussed.
With tho coming of Hon. T. W. Crothers, Ministor of Labor, the confer'
em.es wero resumed, clauses of the proposed ugreement which were mutually
satisfactory boing passed and contentions clauses laid over for discussion.
Tho presence of Ministor of Labor
Crothers, Attorney-Oenernl Moighen,
and Fair Wage Officers McNiven and
Harrison at thc conferences indicates
that tho Dominion authorities aro keenly interested in having thc question of
tho ogreement settled so as to provido
fur an increased production from the
mines next year. Press roports state
that if the operators and tho men can.
aot come to au agreement, it is probable tho government will Btep in and op-
erato tho mines.
Retail Clerks' Union Say Compulsory
Half-Holiday Law Is Necessary
A deputation of retail merchants
from various coast points waited on
Promier Brewster during the week nnd
asked for logislntion in connection with
tho retail clerkB' half-holiday Act.   So
many and divergent were the views expressed by the merchants that the Premier sugggested that they discuss the
matter among themselves and again
meet the government. Nanaimo merchants favored the existing legislation;
New Westminster were in favor of a
Saturday balf-holiday, at least during
the summer months, while from Vancouver Mr. J. N. Harvey advocated a
working week of 53 hours and Mr. Wm.
Dick favored a weekly half-holiday, but
leaving to the various trades to decide
as to the day which would be observed.
Presidont O. D. Bruce of the Retail
Clerks' union states that representatives of the clerks have already placed
their viows before tho government.
Thoso were nlong the lines of general
satisfaction with the present bill, although it was suggested that a few
minor amendments bu nddod.
'So far as Vancouvor nnd New
WoBtminBtor nre.concerned," snid Mr.
Bruno, "we aro content with Wednesday as long as the people wish to have
tho half-holiday on that day of the
week and till they are satisfied to give
us Saturday. But we aro absolutely
opposed to any act which does not
make provision for a compjlsory closing of stores on some afternoon of the
woek, because without such a provision the clerks in somo stores would
havo apretty slim chance of getting
their half-holiday."
Carpenters'  Hold  Good  Meeting   On
Monday—Unionists Active
On Monday evoning Organizer Root-
son of the Carpentors' union held an
organization meeting in North Vancouver whieh was well attended and, as
tho result of which, a number of members wero gained for tho union. The
work of organization among the workers in North Vnncouver is said to be
progressing satisfactorily, this being a
very desirable condition of affairs in
viow of the increasing industrial activity on the other side of the Inlet.
Illustrations of Manner In
Which Labor Is Given
Bad Name
Demand of Men For Higher Wages Has
Been Met
The blacksmiths and their helpers
employed at the Wallace shipyards in
North Vancouver, who went out on
Btrike recently, havo returned to work
under a temporary arrangement, where
they nre given the increase in wages
demanded and a 48-hour woek. This is
a victory for the men. Tho final settlement of all questions reiBcd by the
blacksmiths in connection with this
strike will be taken up when the workers in all tho metal tradea throughout
tho Vancouver district outline their
position, a question which is now under discussion.
Canadian Northern Mnst Pay Union
Wage at False Greek Work.
At the meeting of the city council on
Monday evening it was directed that
tho Canadian Northern be notifiod that
the men employed on pile driving at the
hoad of False Creek milst bo paid tho
prevailing union rute. In reply to the
city's enquiry on tho point, Engineer
T. H, White stnted that tho men wero
receiving 5 cents less per hour than
thc standard union wnge, but that they
were permanently employed and were
content with thoir pny. The council decided that as the railway had made an
agreement as to paying union wages,
it must live up to tho demundB and pay
these men accordingly.
Complete Agreement On Amendments
To Boiler Inspection Act,
On Tuesdny evening the executive of
the International Union of Steam and
Operating Engineers met a deputation
from the B. C. Stationary Engineers,
nn independent organizntion of workers
in tho trade, and discussed the amendments to the Boiler Inspection Act
which tho union officials are endeavoring to havo passed at the present ses.
sion of tho House. Theso include tho
question of an 8-hour dny on plants
operating continuously, and various
other subjects, nil of which wero placed
before tho government when thtr executive of the B. C. Federntinn discusBed
labor legislation with Premior Brewster nnd his colleagues recently.
Tho matters at issue woro thoroughly discussed at tho conference, with
the result that the independent association will co-operate with the union
in pressing fur the passage of the amendments. It wns also decided to send
n joint deputation to tnko up tho various points with the Manufacturers'
Association und thus explain to the employers the reasons fur tho desired legislation,
International capitalism has ono
great dread right now; Will the people in the various hcltigeront countries force tho governments to repudiate their war debts!—Melbourne Lnbor Cnll.
Tho subscription list of Tho
Federutioniflt mounted anothor
round of the ladder during tho
wook, nn addition of nbout 250
nnmoB being made to itB mailing
Locals reporting as having
adopted tho wise policy of giving
their ontiro momborship tho opportunity of going ovor the doings of Labor weekly, by subscribing for tho publication in a
body, aro the Victoria Machinists, tho Fornio TeamBtors, and
the South Wellington Minors.
Tho manngor of Tho Fedora-
tionist wishes to express his
thnnkfl for tho many kind ond
appreciative words aa to tho high
stundnrd of tho pnpor now being
givon subscribers. "Boosts" aro
alwnys welcome, especially whon
thoy are nccompanlcd by addition!) to tho mailing list.
Only Remedy Is -Firm Support of Labor Press
By Workers
THE UBGENCY of the demand
that wage-workers should give
full and adequate support to
publications devoted to the interests of Labor is strikingly illustrated by two British Columbia instances which have como to light
during the week. Both emphasize
the oft-repeated statements as to
the control of the ordinary news
service furnished the public, by
capitalists and the employing
class, thus enabling them to shape
popular publio opinion according
to its view of the case and, by
twisting and perverting facts, to
put the forces of organized Labor
in a bad light before the public.
Last week press despatches from
Trail stated that the Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Co. had
granted a wage increase of 25
cents per day to its workers at
Trail, the notice also giving the information that, owing to uncertainty as to thc supply of fuel,' it /
was possible that the copper-gold operations of -the concern would nave to bo
curtained shortly, although in cutting
down tho forco, every attention would
be givon to provide work for the married men. All of whicn Sounds very
good from tho employers' standpoint
and, doubtless, this was the effect it
had on the publio.
In the absence of specific news from
Trail, Tho Federationist last week contained a paragragh noting briefly tit
contents of tho press item.
The Seal Facts of the Case.
The actual facts of the case are given
in another article on this page, the information coming from Trail labor officials. From this report it is evident
that the press despatches of last week
tfere grossly colored to favor the interests of tho employors, and did not by
ony moans stato the real conditions.
Instoad of the voluntary offer of an
increase of 25 cents per day, it appears
that tho advance was a compromise
proposal, mado aftor tho men had made
a linn demand for nn increase of 50
cents per day, and backed up the claim
by a statoment which showed that at
overy other camp in the district much
higher wnges woro being paid than at
Trail. As a result, the offer of an advance of 25 cents per duy was forced
from (not voluntarily given by) thc employers.
Realizing tho strength of their posi-
tion, the Trail workers decided to remain firm in their demands nnd to tnko
a strike vote on the subject. This condition of affaire oxplnins the statement
of thc compnny as to tho possible curtailment of work on account of fuel
shortage, tho ovident nim being to
coerce tho men into accepting tho compromise offer rnther than risk n number
being laid off.
How different the press report, based
on thc employers' view point, from tho
real fuels of tho easel
Beport of Oalgary Conference.
On Wednesday n press report was
sent from Cnlgary in connection with
tho conforonco of tho mine operators
with tho officials of District 18. Thie
report lays stress ou tho numbor of
holidays demanded by tho miners, tho
fnct that they arc asking for a 25 por
cont. increase in wages and a 20 per
Cent, reduction in houra, etc. Tho wholo
despatch from start to finish is colored
to give Labor a black eye and to advance tho stand of tho employers. And
yet this is tho nows which goes ont
from Cnlgary concerning this conference, forming the foundation on which
public opinion will bo skilfully built <up
through thc snmo press mediums should
tho conforonco not nrrlvo at an amicable agreemonl, aud lnbor troubles in
tho district follow.
The fnct that the Dominion minister
of labor, ns well us I ho attorney-general
nnd several fair-wage officers wero presont nt Cnlgary docs not mean that, for
that reason, tho reports us to the conference wero nny the more fnir. Labor
has learned that tho viows of employers
very often reach the public, not directly, but indirectly, through tho medium
of government officials.
Tho lesson of the nbovo illustrations
is for Labor to give firm and loyal support to Labor papors, such as Tho Fod-
erationiat, ia order that it may have its
medium for telling tbo real facts of tho
case to tho workers who, being furnished with tho truth, will bo nblo to govern
themselves accordingly.
Particulars Are Given In Reply To legislative Enquiry.
In roply to nn enquiry in the Houso
ns to tho staff of tlio Workmen's Compensation nnd tho salaries pnid, n report was mado as follows: Organizer,
F. W. Hinsdale, {500 per month; Claims
Agont, R. Qardom, 1150: Accountant
and office mnnager F. J. Harding,
*150; Clerks, E. P. Kay, J. E. Armit-
ngo nnd F. V. Bodwell, .*>100; Medical
roferoo, Dr. O. A. B. Hnll, *100; Boven
stenographers at from $(>() to $75, and
ono messenger at $25.
It iB understood that Mr. F. V. Bod-
woll, whoso duties with tho commission cover Vancouver, hns tnkon an offico in tho qunrters of Commissioner H,
B. Oilmour at 543 Hastings St. west. PAGE TWO
lUU 1855
Assets  573,000,000
Deposits    54,000,000
Household Banking
In The Bank of Toronto liavo beeh
found by many to be a great convenience. Tlio accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Interest is
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid-up Oapital 55,000,000
Resorve Fund 6,500,000
Corner Hastings and Gamble Sts.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
tiuppouiiig yoa were talking face-to-
face with a friend. Yoa "vould not go
to the far side of the room and talk
When yoa telephone, do you plaoe
your lips close to the mouthpleco and
talk easily, or do you have them elx
inches away and almost shout t
Every part of an inch you are away
from   the   telephone   when   speaking
5laces the called party miles distant.
ne inch from the telephone lengthens
the line six miles; two Inches, ten
miles; three Inches, sixteen miles, eto.
There' is less exertion in talking,
■peaks into the telephone properly,
and loss effort In hearing, when each
Tour Fruit Trees, Shrubs, Hoses,
etc., from
1493 Seventh At*. Weit, Vancouver.
Satisfaction guaranteed. Descriptive
catalogue FREE. Handsqme premium
in plant! for list of prospective planters.
Reliable salesmen wanted In B. G.
and Middle WeBt provinces. Get our
attraotivo proposition.    Write today.
Out-of-town Union Men who visit
Vancouver should pay a visit to
Perry & Dolk
The Labor Temple
Union Tailors
Pick out a spring suit and get it
.properly made, union-made, combined with right treatment.
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancourer
We Want Ton to Do Tour
Furniture Business With Ua
Oor stook of Furniture is tho best
in tho province. Whenovcr you want
anything in our lino, cull ln and look
it over,
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hastings Street West
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln the home of every
Fair. 2624
IHE lit
Published every Friday morning by the E. 0.
Federationist, Limited
K.   Parm.  Pettipiece Manager
Ollice: Room 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
.SO por
in Vancouv*
to uni
a body,
Now Westminster W. Yates, Box  1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wells. Bos 1538
Field Circulation  Booster Geo. F.  Stirling
"Unity of Labor:   the Hope of the World"
..March 30. 1917
DURING thoso days of groat histori,
cal happenings, tho outstanding
phenomenon of all is the powerful
forward impulse that is being given to
the democratic spirit of tho ago, both
politically and in-
STILL STICK dustrially. Truo, the
TO THE old regime of abspl-
OLD TWADDLE    litis in is dying hard,
but  it   sooms   beyond dispute that tho democracy of tho
world will emerge from tho struggle revivified and strengthened for tho still
greater task beforo it.   But one thing
thnt can scarce escape notice is tho apparent stagnation that marks tho labor
movemont of perhaps tho most power
ful industrial nation on earth, tho United States.   While tho workers everywhere else on earth are acquiring a con.
coption of the advanced lubor movement of tho world and that for which
it ia reaching out and preparing to tako
right upon  tho  heols  of the present
war, if not soonor, this concept seems
to bo a blind alloy to the labor movement of this Western continent, along
which even the most daring of the old
type of labor men fear to travel.   It is
onough to bring tho blush of shame to
tho cheek of labor that the loftiest conception and aspiration   of what passes
for the labor movement of tho 'United
States and Canada, does not rise above
the level of "the strike, the boycott
and collective bargaining."
*       *       *
And what do these ancient shibboleths express but the feeble attempts of
shackled wage slaves to make their slavery a little more tolerable without for
a moment threatening to throw off tho
chains of servitude    that so securely
bind them to the chariot    wheels of
their industrial masters f     Is there a
"bo'uI bo dead"    among tho shining
lights of the labor world that it does
not know that they who must bargain
away their lives in order to gain their
sustenance, are the veriest slaves, and
all the bargaining in the world can never relieve them    of their chains or
bring to them any assurance of being
able to meet the material requirements
of themselves and their families?   Bar*
gaining, bargaining, day in and day
out, with all that is implied in that
ignoble occupation.    Can anything be
more ignoble and farther below the sta
tus of a free man than bargaining from
the cradle to the grave for the poor privilege of, as a rule, escaping   actual
starvation by a narrow and ever more
uncertain marginf   Could a man actuated by a lovo for freedom, and what
is freedom but freedom    from being
robbod, ever confine his efforts to haggling his life in  the market for his
grub and shelter, without such a sense
of shame that it would forever bring a
bad taste to his mouth f
*.."     ♦    ■ *
And besides all this, what has. ever
been won by the ubo of these hoary
old Bhibbnleths that has boen in any
Bonse of the word permanent!     Why
just simply nothing, and ovory working man with sufficient intelligence to
bo capable of observation knows thia
to be a fact   They are at the very best
but  makeshifts  and  of    more    than
doubtful valuo.   Although it may bo
true that some slight and temporary
advantages may bo gained by a few
workers here and thero by resorting to
their 'use, the fact still stands clearly
forth that nothing can be gained by
such moans at all worthy of the offorts
that havo beon and aro still being put
forth by that which    desires    to be
known as tho labor movement.      No
movement can be builded    upon such
childish demands and by means of such
puerile and ineffective weapons, that
can ovor command the rospect and nssistanco of thoso who worship at Liberty's altar and rocognizo    her mandate
» * *
It is high timo that the labor movemont of this westorn world set for itself a higher goal than anything that
can bo gained by "tho Btrike, the boycott and collective bargaining." Its
goal should be nothing Iobs than the
world for tho workers, with all that is
on top of it and all that is underneath. The workots aro tho only useful portion of humalf society, and why
should they still remain as "dumb driven cattle," meekly bending their
necks to the yoke of robbery and exploitation! Why should thoir most radical demand in this western hnlf of tho
world bo nothing more lofty and noble
than that which ia implied in these
puny efforts to bargain tho masters into some petty shifting of tho yoke so
that it may perchance become a trifle
loss galling? Could real men with red
blood in their veins bo satisfied with
anything short of tho complete casting
off of tho yoko and thus securing tlieir
freedom from the agony of tho ages?
We should say not, and wo aro also
of the opinion thut the time is here
right now for the workers in thc capitalist vineyard of exploitation of this
continent, to assume the attitude and
take on tho actions of men, men worthy
of their freedom because they nro ready
to go out and get it. Wo may well
solace ourselves with tho assurance that
that which is worth having is worth
taking, and freodom from the tortures
of exploitation can nevor bc attained
by merely bargaining with tho masters,
as sellers of carrots'and onions bargain
with thoir customers. It is surely timo
for a new deal in the lnbor movement
of thiB groat and glorious bargain crazy
western world.   It surely is.
FOR the last century at least the center of European reaction has boen
at the Prussian capital of Berlin.
Around this center has beon gathered
all of tho forces that could possibly bo
rallied for tho pre-
EXTERMINATIONservation of the me-
OT "KULTUB" dieval doctrine of
MADNESS tho divine right of
kings and the perpetuation of the autocratic rule that
is tbe political accompaniment of that
particular doctrine. While all of Western Europe moved forward with more
or less rapidity along the lines of democracy and political progress, Teutonic mid-Europe remained1 politically
stagnant while the reactionary forces
of autocracy and absolutism girded up
their loins for the day of reckoning
that was sure to come, between those
forces and the aggressive and growing
democratic spirit of the times. And
thnt timo came in 1914. At what appeared to be the opportune moment this
medieval holdover with its center at
Berlin turned hell loose in the attempt
to stem tho tide of world democracy
and thus save itself from the fate that
had' already overtaken its prototype
throughout Western Europe. In spite
of all loud noise about trade and trade
route, "places in the sun," the "realization of national ambitions," and a
lot more of such folderol, the fact is
daily coming more clearly to the front
that thore is no other logical explanation of the terrible world struggle that
is now going on upon the European
stage. It is a war of extermination
between the forces of reaction and
those forces that mako for human pro^
gross, between autocracy and' democra-
viving civilian population depends;
those and a multitude of other deliberate and authorized brutalities and
vile practices, most? clearly show that
tho war is esontially a war of exter.
initiation upon the purl of tho Prussian
war lords who launched it and who are
its guiding spirit.
_ *       *      *
Upon the sido of that world democracy that is fighting for its existence
against tho mobilized forces of reaction and absolutism, it must likewise
bc a war of extermination, and that
war must bo fought to a complete and
lasting victory, even if it becomes necessary to as completely exterminate
the Teuton hordes ns tboy have already
proven they will exterminate if possible
all people who stand in their way. It
is to the interest of democracy everywhere that the victory be final aud
complcto, no matter how long it may
take or what tho cost. That the Russian pooplo havo thrown off tho yoko
of autocratic rule and arc moving up
ubrouBt of the advanced political
thought of the day, will tend to mako
the victory the easier to win. Signs aro
plentiful upon the horizon indicating
that tho United Slates is also to join
hands with the entente allies, and that
should in turn hasten the day of victory. It is up to every nation and ev.
ery man that professes democracy and
believes in human progress, to aid iu
every possible manner to bring about
the complete overthrow of this mid-
European military autocracy and thus
make possiblo the establishment of a
pormanont peace throughout the world,
a peace no longer threatened by the
jackboot of arrogant brutality and the
"goose step" of servile ignorance.
THE vilest and most damnable conspiracy ever attempted by a reckless and unscrupulous ruling clnss is
tho "frame" engineered by the t6oIu
of the big interests of San Francisco
in order to judicial-
SHALL NOT ly take the lives of
HANG certain membera of
MOONEY *  organized    labor
who have incurred
onmity because of their activity in
working class affairs. Already this
the "frame-up" engineered by the tools
Warren K. Billings, of the Shoo Work-
era' Union a life sentence for murder,
a crime that was only proven againBt
him by the testimony of a public prostitute, a dope fiend and a detective,
three typea of criminal whose evidence
would not hang a dog, if offered before a jury or a court that was not
part of the "frame-up." Tom Mooney, of the Molders' Union, has been
sentenced to death upon similar testimony, and against that of moro thun
twenty rep'itable persons whose testimony established ono of the most complete alibis imaginable. Rena Mooney, tho wife of Tom Mooney, Israol
Weinberg, of tho Carpenters' Union,
and Edward D, Nolan, of tho Machin-
in regard to what he may expect to
havo handed out to him in tho day that
ho likewise shall havo incurred the enmity of thoso whom providence hath
appointed to. rule and rob him. One
hundred thousand copies of this second
edition are just off tho press. The
price is ten cents per copy. The proceeds go to tho defense of the accused
workers whose lives are sought by the
agents of capitalist interests. Their
only crime is th.-! of aiding their follow worker.) in iti.-ir .iforts to wring
bettor living conditions from the brutal masters of thoso interests. Every
working man and every other reader of
this paper is hereby urged to order one
or more copies of the "Frame-up," and
not only read but circulate them ns
widely as possible. Order from the address as givon above. And if you are
a union man, go to tho next meeting
of your union and do what y*>u can to
see that it followa in tho footBtops of
tho Salt Lake Foderation of Labor and
ondorHcs the principle of a national
strike, as a protest against thc- conviction of Billings and Mooney, and the
proposod conviction of Mrs. Mooney,
Woinberg and Nolan. And that would
bo something worth striking for, indeed.
Revelation in Germany during tho
period of the war is "vorbotea" by
ordor of tho kaiser. Thero is no danger of tho German working man disobeying the ordor for, aB Irvin Cobb
says, "militarism has made of him a
thing with muscles of steel and a wooden headpiece."
The labor pooplo of Australia aro preparing for a federal election in tho
near future. The Labor party having a
majority in the senate can force nn election whenever it sees lit. It is cxpectod
that the cheap renegade Hughes, the
orstwhile Labor promier, will get his
quietus when such an election is pulled
In its report on the labor market
("Labor is not a commodity"), the N.
Y. State Department of Lubor saya tho
average earnings for a week of all employees, both male and femalo, was
$15.20 in January, as compared with
$15,53 in Decomber, These arc surely
days of high wages and working class
extravagance, us any ono may easily
ists', aro hold4for trial upon the same
cy.   Either the one or tho other must go I churges us were placed against Billing
0. 8. HARBISON, Manager,
Oranvllle and Pender
Don't stow away yoar Bpare
cash in any old corner whero it is
in danger from burglars or lire.
Tho Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking sorvico, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits,
0. N. STAOEY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
down to defeat and such defeat to be
complete and lasting moans the extermination of the defeated sido to the controversy.
No furthor proof of this is needed
than that of thc official actions of
that sido of the contest that launched
tho thunderbolt that has already drawn
or driven half the world into the maelstrom of war and ia rapidly drawing
or driving the rest of it in. As we
have already pointed oat, it was no
mistake upon tho part of tho medieval
rulers of Germany that tho thunderbolt
was launchod at France, tbe most advanced and democratic nation upon
earth. They knew instinctively whore
the danger to medieval political institutions lay. Thoso Prussian reactionaries knew full well what they had set
out to exterminate and when their
schorao was thwarted in ita swift execution by the courageous and stubborn
Bolgiana, the ruthless ferocity with
which they. slaughtered those Belgians
and devastated their territory, affords
ample proof of their intention to exterminate everything, either human or
divine, that stood in the way of the
presorvatioa and extension of autocratic governmont, with its creed of divine right and the goosc.stepping military "kultur" that logically goea with
it. And every move that hus since been
made by those ruling savages left over
from the middle ages, has confirmed
the conclusion that tho solo motive lying behind the launching of the thunderbolt, was that of exterminating democracy and onco moro fastening the
yoko of medieval absolutism upon the
balance of the world as it is still fastened upon the nocks of the servilo Teutons themselves.
* * *
And what othor conclusion is to bo
drawn from the arrogant repudiation
of all previously mado agreements by
the nations of the earth, and tho impudent and reckless refusal to even observe the generally accepted and mutually agreed to rules of warfare and
treatment of non-combatants and their
acknowlodged rights! The sinking of
merchant ships without warning, thua
endangering the lives of innocent persons and non-combatants, the doliber.
ato dropping of bombs upon unfortified and non-military towns, thoreby
killing women and children and other
unarmed and helplosB persons; the
rounclng up of prisoners and tho civil-
inn population of occupied areas nnd
tbo using of them for military work,
in many cases within tho zone of
enemy gunfire; the insensate and
malignant laying waste of abandoned territory, as in France re*
contly, accompanied as it is by the
moBt systematic and evidently authorized looting and tho most disgusting
pollution of wolls and other sources of
the water supply upon which the sur-
nnd Mooney.
#       *       *
Tlio only thing that can prevent
the carrying out of this damnable plot
to murder, is the awakened action of
tho organized labor movement. And
that movement, wo are pleased to note,
is taking energetic measures to forestall the efforts of tho murderous interests l'arking behind the prosecution. Vigorous protests are being
made from all parts of the country. The
United States govornmont is being called upon to institute an investigation of
the circumstances surrounding the affair, with a view of uncovering this
conspiracy to murder. If this energetic action on the part of organized
labor is kept up, and wo feel that it
will, it does not seem possible that the
conspiracy can bo carried out. But if
this activity upon the part of organized
labor was lacking it docs not seem
clear how the livea of theso imperilled
onos could bc saved from tho clutches
of thoso interests that are reaching
out to take them,
It iB a pleasure to record that splendid wirk is being dono by tho forces of
organized labor in many parts of the
country in aid of the accused and it is
hoped that this will not only continue
but bo mutltipliod an hundred fold.
And. all thc help that can be obtained
will be needed if these workors in labor's causo ure to be saved from murder at tho hands of tho tools and hirelings of capital. Funds aro desperately needed by tho defense, for let it bo
known tliat even in the "land of tho
free and tho homo of the brave," tho
lifo of an innocent porson iB more than
apt lo bo snuffed out upon the gallows
unless thero be sufficient funds available to employ attorneys to defeat such
a consummation, Weinberg, one of the
nccuscd men, is now on trial and thero
is not, up to the timo of writing, sufficient funds on hand to secure the services of an attorney. And the trial
of Mrs. Mooney and Ed. Nolan are
to follow. It is a matter of most urgent necessity that every meanB possiblo bo used to strengthen the hand
of thc defenso by financial assistance,
and that at onco. It is up to every
union mnn, as well as ovory other decent person, to energetically protest a-
gainst thiB imponding infamy and do
all that is humanly possiblo to provent
its consummation.
#       *       #
Tho International Workers' Dofense
League, 210 Russ Building, San FranciBco, Cal., has just issued the second
edition of the "Frame-up," a booklet
of 32 pages, giving a complete and lucid account of the entire affair up to
the prosent moment, It is the most
complete and damnable indictment of,
police, detective and court of justice j
(!) villainy evor issued, and Bhould be
read by every working man in the land,
in order that he may be well informed
The Southern Pacific railway earnings
for January totalled $14,235,704. This
is nn increase of $4,397,736 over the
same month last year. All of which
once more emphasizes tho fact that it ia
far better to be a capitalist than a
wage slave. Oat of that nice amount
of swag the owners of S. P. stock will
get many good oata for nothing. This
capitalist game has the "manna in the
wilderness" stunt beaten forty different ways.
Word cornea through by way of the
United States that George Ledobour,
a Socialist momber of the German
Reichr'ng, in addressing that body recently, boldly demanded that "tho
monarchy be overthrown and a republic established in its place." In
the Prussian legislature, Deputy Hofer,
anothor Socialist, asked, "Does it not
suffice for tho government to incur the
hatred of the whole world or does it
want revolution at homo!" There are
many straws those days indicntiug the
direction of the wind.
A delegation of choice spirits from
the Vancouver board of trade has been
in Victoria lately, for tlio purposo of
sotting tho legislature right in regnrd
to what shouud and should not bo incorporated into the proposod new Vnncouver Incorporation Act. Among tho many
interesting suggestions offered by the
delegation was that of empowering tho
city to include the names of registered
incorporated companies on tho voters'
list. While many workingmen seo but
little value in the franchise, property
falls into no such error.
The net profits of tho Standard Oil
company of Indiana for the yoar 1916
was 100,15 per cent, upon its capital
stock. A littlo cheerful light is, however, thrown upon this gloomy showing
by the fact that additional swng for
the yoar to tho amount of $26,443,014
was carried over to surplus account. So
take it all around the year was not altogether an unprofitable ono to the self-
denying and self-sacrificing owners of
Standard Oil. Thoy were fairly well
rewnrded for their "thrift and abstinence," so to speak.
During the French Revolution there
was an nlmost complete absence of
clear working clnss demands, ns the
proletariat was as yet undeveloped.
During tho revolutionary period of
1848 tho red flag was first seen in
popular demonstrations and working
class demands were not altogether conspicuous by their absonco.' And now in
Russia thc red flag ia soon everywhere
and tho demands and aspirations of the
workers are assuming first place in tho
shaping of tho now order. Verily the
world docs move, in spite of all reactionary offorts to hold it back.
Whilo a bill to prohibit women
working in factoricfl at night was
being considered by tho Connecticut
legislature, a representative of a munitions plant hastened to assure the committeo that had the matter in charge,
that "many women preferred night
work so that thoy could attend to
their household dutieB during the day."
It would scorn that such a bill would
bo little better than a nuiaance anyhow.
If it woro in effect then a woman
would have to do her housework at
night, With it not in effect, she could
work in the factory nights, and do her
housework in tho day time. Her individual liberty should not be interfered
with by the State. But then, como to
think of it, she would in neither case
bo deprived of working at tho factory,
aud that is tho main thing.
Ono of tho flrst things done by the
successful Russian revolutionists was to
inaugurate a hunt for secret police, for
the purposo of exterminating that pest
under which the pooplo of TCussia had
so long suffered, This hunt a to be commended and it is hoped it will be thorough and complete. If there over was
a low and vilo post in human form, lt
is to bo found in that obnoxious creation known as tho detective agoncy or
secret police. As a rule these agencies are incapable of detecting anything, evon down to a bad smell, without tho use of "stooi pigeoning" or
other equally meritorious practices, that
embody within themselveB the very
quintessence of criminality. But it
scorns aa though there is no other officially known mothod of dotecting
crime, for even the Mayor of Vancouvor was only able to uncover the fact
recently that certain hotels in the City
were violating the liquor laws, by re
sorting to the employment of Becret
service men, and female stool pigeons
and other criminally inclined persons.
Everybody else in town knew all about
Saeh violations as a result of every
day observations.
The Dartmoor prisons on the Prince
of Wales Duchy estate ,are to be emptied of their convict inhabitants and
turned over to the military authorities for tho purpose of,housing a regiment of "conscientious objectors" who
aro to be used in agricultural work. The
news item recounting this fact incidentally udds that these prisons will not
be reopened as a placo of criminal detention, "as the isolation and climatic
conditions nre not considered favorable." Evidently tho "isolation und
climatic conditions ure considered favorable" onough for "conscientious objectors." No, no, dear reader, this is
not in Germany but in dear old England, and the "conscientious objector" is not a criminal, but a very decent and orderly person, so decent in
fact that ho absolutely refuses to go
forth and kill and mutilate other persons against whom ho has nothing in
the way of grudgo or grouch, just be.
causo somo rulor or master orders him
so to do. And he has a legal right in
dear old England to demand exemption
from such, to him, obnoxious servico.
But they get him nil the samo, do thoso
militarists who aro getting a new stranglehold upon tho people of England
through tho opportunities afforded by
this war. From their clutches there is
evidently no escape, for the time boing
at least. Perchance the day of reckoning will come later on, and may it be
a good one and all accounts be squared
Once tho present struggle between
the advance guard of capitalist civilization and tbe feudal survival of mid-
Europ is finished and that medieval
rubbish ia swept from tho boards tho
working class of the world, the only
really useful portion of humanity, will
havo a small score to seme with you
capitalist pirates of the earth, and it
will be settled right speedily too. As
you have, with the workers aid, swept
tho feudal crime of the centuries from
tho pathway of the race, so shall the
workers, the wealth producers of the
world, sweep your capitalist erimo of
wago slavery into the lumber room of
oblivion. And the workers will rely
sololy upon themselvos to do tho job,
for thore is no other section of human
society that can havo any interest in
coming to their nid. You capitalist masters and profit-mud buccaneers of the
earth arc, called upon to take notice
that during the decades immediately
following this war holocaust, you will
load tho most strenuous yenrs of your
criminal careers in trying to hang on
to the robber privileges and perquisites
that you now so brazenly and boastfully
enjoy. You surely will. And what
is more to the point you will even-'
tually lose out, as must always be tho
case with a robber class, as, for instance, thnt of your eminently worthy
feudal predecessors, tho tail end of
wuoso tribe is now so painfully croaking in Europe. You will go more easily,
you will, because you aro only count-
ing-houso warriors at tho best, and thoy
are not at all fierco compared to the
feudal typo. You nro easy, you are.
And the workers aro rapidly realizing
it.   They aro many, yo are few."
...March 30, 1917
———— -»
f Fire
Insurance Automobile
1110 UI aillt Mari„e, etc.
690 Etcliards Street     S.y. 4434
J. Edward Sears     Office: Sey. 4146
Barriiten, Solicitor*, Con?tyanc«ri, Etc.
Victoria and Vancouver
Vancouver Office:  616-7 Rogers Bldg.
Vancouver  Pickle
ask for
Highland 21   Factory 801 Powell
Pbone Sey. 5183   1296 Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
Jobbing Work a Specialty
Phono Soy. 130 and Rob. Bay. 77
1033 OBANVILLE ST., Vancouver
Get liusy and bave your old bicyclo
made liko new. Wo will enamel and
make your wheel look like now from
$5.50 up.   All kinds of repairs at
> 510.618 Howe Hastlngi 412
J. PHILLIPS A 00., Agents
Pbone 5415 1228 Hamilton
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 Granville Street
610 Hastings Street West
Havo you over attended the Country
Storo at the Columbia Theatre! A
lot of fun and presonts.
Owing to noxt Friday being a legal
holiday, Country Storo will bo hold on
Thursday night. April 6. Popular
Am ft AAA
• TH« M.T Of VAUDEVILLE '•——--*
Matinee Prices: Evenings
10c, 15c, 26c, 60c.      10c, 26c, 36c. 76c.
Unequalled VaudeTille Means
8:40, 7:80, 9:16     Season's Prices:
Matinee, ISo; Evenings, 16c, 8fio
Strain Your Eyes—
Waste Your Health!
F your eyes are defective, they are
under constant strain, and this
strain of the most important organ of
the body (so closely in touch with tho
great central storehouse of energy) Is
a constant drain upon the vitality.
Insomnia (sleeplessness), indigestion and stomach troublo, and many
other functional disturbances, including headache and extremo nervous*
ness, aro often caused by eyes that are
defective without the possessor being
aware of it. If you suffer from any
of those thingB, you will do well to
have your eyes examined at once,
Defective vision, of course, means
that tbe eyes arc defective, and that
glasses are required. To delay means
to court ill'health ns well as to suffer
continual discomfort, It may be dan*
Don't go on straining your eyes.
Attend to them at once and avoid
danger. Our credit system makes
It possible for you to secure your
glasses at once, and pay for them
while you are wearing them.
8th Floor Birks Building
Beymour 4505
wmmmmmmmmmmmmm |
The   li!   Before   Ail
QualitylIU the Name I IM
Goes 111     Goes    Ull
that's a LECKIE
The above slogan may he taken
Wo nover put tlie namo LECKIE on a boot without flrst knowing that tho workmanship—and
the quality of the materials-—the
vory best it is possiblo to produce are in. If you want woar—
atyle and comfort—insist on
all Leather
762 Oranvllle Strut
If not the best, as good
as any in the city.
The best the market
Opposite Labor Temple
Headquarters for Labor men,    Rates
75c  and  $1.00  per  day.
92.60 per weok and up.
Cafe at Reasonable Ratea,
See us 'and save money.
The Jams Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Bichards Street
Hemstitching, buttons covered, seal*
lopping, button holes, pinking, sponging and shrinking, lettering, picot edging, pleating, niching, embroidery,
663 Granville St. 1319 Douglas St
Phone Sey. 8191 Phone 1160
Labor Temple Fieia    Sey. 1490
Refined Service
One Blook weit of Court House.
Ubo of Modern Chapol and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour 2425 OFFICIAL   FATES  VABOODVEB
first   and   third   Thursdays.    Executive
board; James H. MoVety,^ president; Fred.A.
Hoover,  vice-president;       __.
general secretary, 210 Labor Temp)
Victor R.'Mldgley.
  Labor Temple;  Fred
Knowles, treasurer; W. H, Cotterill, statisti
cian; sergeant-at-arms, George Harrison; „
J. Crawford. Ju. Campbell, F. Haigh, trns-
Meeta  aeoond  Monday  In  the  month.
President,   J.   McKinnon;   seoretary,   B.   H.
Neelanda, P. 0. Box 66.	
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. , 676.—Offlee,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets first
Sunday of each month. President, James
Campbell; financial seoretary, _. Davis, Box
4.24,; phone, Sey. 4762; recording aeoretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main street.
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Twauays in the month,
Room 206 Labor Temple. President. L. E.
Herrltt; secretary, 8. ti. Grant, 604 Georgia
annual convention in January, hxecutive
officers, lVlMe*; President, J. Naylor, Box
416, uumliurland; vioe-preslUents—V anoou*
ven Jas. ti, McVety, V, It, iiiugloy, Labor
Temple. Vlotoria: J. Taylor, Box ibio. Vancouver Island: VV. Heau, buuu Weluugion.
Prince Rupert: VV. -. Tiiompson, Box uu4.
Now Westminster; VV, iatw, wub London
street. Kootenay District: A. Goodwin, Box
ao, Trail. Crows Ntmt Valley; W. B. Phil-
lips, 176 McPnersou avenue, tteoretary
treasurer: A. ti. Wells, Box 1.668, Victoria,
B. U.
Meet 2nd and 4th Wednesdays, 8 p.m.,
Room 807. President, Chas. F. Smith; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 68;
financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; business
agent, W. B. Dagnall, Room 216.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281,1. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third
Monday of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, A. Sykes; secretary. Frank Graham, 2266 Twelfth avenue
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vaneoaver Lodge No. 194—Meets
flrst and third Mondaya, 8 p.m. Preaident,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenne west;
secretary, A. Fraaer, 1161 Howe street.
620, Meets every Sunday, 8 p.m., Room 216,
Labor Temple. President, Wm, Walker;
vice-president, J. R. Flynn; secretary-treasurer, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Temple.   Phone, Sey. 7495.     	
Pacific—Meets at 487 Gore avenne every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.   Russell Kearley, business
-Meets   In   Room  206, Labor Temple,
*  r, 8 p.m.   President, D. W. Mc-
1 Powell street; reeordlng secre-
.-„.  _       ". "  '      Temple; financial
secretary and business agent, E, H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.	
every Monday, 8 p.m.
Dougall,  1162 Powell Btreet; rownui
tary, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Looal 88-62—Office and hall,
10 Powell street.    Meets every Thursday 8
p.m.    Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman; business agent, J. Mahone.	
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President, Wm. Small; recording secretary, J.
Brooks; financial secretary, J. H, MeVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7496.
OIL—Meets first aud third Wednesday,
Labor Hail, I*-- Government street, al a
p.UL President, _, Chrutupuer, Box iioV;
vioe-presldeut, christian aiveru, lritj Den-
mau street; secretary, B. cumiuoiu, Box 602,
victoria, i*. 0,
Ui'brtATlttU ENUlNHibltS—Local 440,
Victoria, B. 0. P. U. address Box 92. Local
union meets nrat aud tuird ttuuday, iu a.ni,
Plaoe ol meeting, Labor HaB, lleUosmus blk.
President, J. Joiuu, 622 Italian road; seeretary, J, M. Amur, 1046 MoUlure atreet; business agent, b. Uulluui, phone HOIK.
NBW WM_________» B, 0.
oi America, local 704,  auw   Weauuinstei,
Meeta second Sunday ot eaou niuntn at i-»t>
pan.   .secretary, P. ff. Jameson, Uox 490,
Council—Meets second^nd fourth Tuesdays of each montn, in Carpenters' hail. President, 0. if. Macdonaiu, secretary, J. J.
Anderson, Box 218, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OF A.—
Aleuts aecond and fourth Sunday of eaoh
month, at 8.60 p.m., Ricbards Uaii. President, Waiter Head; viee*preeident, Wm. Ivun;
recording seoretary, 'Jaa, Bateman; financial
secretary, o. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Kicb-
tore' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. 8. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets flrat Sunday of eaeh
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President,
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
financial and corresponding secretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Box 846.    ______
America—Vaneoaver and vicinity.—
Branch meeta second and fourth Mondays,
Room 206, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 801 Seventh avenue west; financial eecretary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
atreet; recording seeretary. E, Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street.   Phone Bayvlew 2698L,
188—Meeta seeond an fourth 'Thursdaya
of each month, room 808, Labor Temple.
President, John McMeil; flnanclal secretary,
Geo. H. Weston; recording aeoretary, Jaa.
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple.	
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets LaboT Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, 3. Hnbble;
vlce-preeldent, E. S. Cleveland; recording see.
tory,  A., V.  IiOfttng,            	
levemou; recuruiuk BDU,
2681   Trinity   street.
phone Highland 168R; flnanolal secretary and!
business agont, Fred A, Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlce corner Prior and Main streets,
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, J. T, Ellsworth; vice-president, Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 60S; financial secretary, T.
Wood,.P. 0. Box 503.	
last Sunday of each montb at 2 p.m.
Prosidont, H. 0. Benson; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; secrotary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0, Box 66.
President—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D.
0.; Cigarmakere International union.
First vice-president—Jamea Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.; Granite Cutters' International
Second vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. 0.; International Association of Machinists.
Third vice-president—W. D. Mahon, Chicago,
III.. Street Railway Employees' union.
Foarth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati; Molders' union of North
,     America.
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of F'lmbers.
Sixth vice-president—H. B. Perham, St.
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphera,
Seventh vice-president—Frank Daffy, Indianapolis ; United Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John B. Lcnnon, Bloomington,
111.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secretary—Frank Morrison, Washington, D.
0.; International Typographical nnlon.
t_Wt__^'   v x  '• offia
^E3^ Of America  ^cixr
Vote against prohibition I Demand personal liberty ln choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee that lt la Union
Made. This Is onr Label
Barbers—Cranbrook—A. H. Bullock, Cranbrook, B. C.
Blacksmiths—Revelstoke—Jaa. M. Goble, Y.
0. A. Box, Bevelstoke, B. 0.
Brewery Workers—Vancouver—M. 0. Austin, i82 7th avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Barbers— Victoria—G. W. Wood, 1807 Government atreet,  Victoria, B. C.
Boiler makers—Victoria, A. Stewart, P. 0.
ilox 46, Beaumont, P. 0., B. 0.
Bookbinders— Vlotoria — -. Sturgeon, 141
court* street, Victoria, B. C.
Bookbinder*— Vancouver—W. H. Cowderay,
1606 84th avenue east, Vancouver, B. C.
Brewery    worker*—New   Westminster—Jas,
A. Munday, 864 Columbia atreet east, New
Westminster, B. C.
Brewery   W orkers — Victoria — A.   Morgan,
Labor Temple, Victoria.
Boiler Makers—Revelstoke—G. W. Edwarda.
P. 0, Box 188, Revelstoke, B. 0.
U.     B,     Carpenters — Victoria — Secrotary,
Labor Hall, Victoria, B, 0.
A. a.  U. B. Carpenters—Victoria—J.  Ley,
P. 0. Box 770,  Victoria, B. C.
U. B. Carpenters—Princo Rupert—F. Salter,
P. 0. Box 694, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—Robt, Jardlne, P.
0. Box 10U6, Nelson, B. C.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—G. Fraaer, P. 0.
Box 264, Nelson, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Trail—F.  Camsell, Trail,
B. C.
Cigarmakers—Vancouvor—R.  H.  Craig,  416
Georgia street west, Vancouver, B. C.
Electrical  Workera—Vancouver—_. U. Mor*
rison, Labor Temple, Vaneoaver, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Prinoe Rupert—S. Mi
sey, P. 0. Box 944, Prince Rupert, B. C.
Electrical Workers— Victoria—W. Reid,  686
Cecilia road,  Victoria, B. 0.
Garment   Workers—Vancouver—Mra.   Helen
Jardine, Labor Temple.
Horseshoers — Vancouver — Thos     McHugh,
2046 Pine street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Laborers—Vancouver—Labor Temple.
Laborers—Victoria—T. Llddard, 1038 Queens
Letter  Carriers—Victoria—0.   Siverts,   1278
Denman street,  Victoria, B. C.
Longshoremen—Victoria—Frank   Varney,   P.
0. Box 1315, Victoria, B. C.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos,  Nixon,   10
Powell street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Longshoreineu—Prince  Rupert—F.  Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 681, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
Moving    Picture   Operators—Vancouver—H.
C. Roddan, 2647 McKenzie street, Vancouver, B. C.
Machinists—Vancouver—J. H, MoVety, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Machinists—New Wcstuiinstor—J, M. Helli-
sen,  711 Fourth avenue.
Machinists—Revelstoke—Pual Parker, Revelstoke.
Machinists—Cranbrook—W, Henderaon, P. 0.
Box 827.
Machinists—Victoria—R. H. Scholes, 2720
Fifth street.
Moulders—Victoria—J. Bakers, P. 0. Box
Moulders—Vancouvor—W. H. Cooke, 661
Sixth avenue east, Vancouver, B, 0.
Painters—Victoria—J. Beckett, Labor Hall,
Paper Makers—Powell River—J. _. Mo
tirath, Powell River, B. 0.
Pattern Makers—Victoria—Geo. T. Murray,
1141 Oscar street, Victoria, B. C.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoreland, 1612 Yew street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Plumber*—Vancouver—H. Mundel), P. 0. Box
1131, Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Victoria—J. Fox, Labor Temple,
Victoria. B. 0.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Vieorla—E. Polling,
816 Jessie street, Vlotoria.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Revelstoke—Harry
Parsons, Revelstoke, B. 0.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Nelson—0. H. Phillips, P. 0. Box 008, Nelson, B. 0.
Shee,t Metal Workers—Victoria—G. Kreh-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenue, Victoria, B.C.
Steam and Operating Engineers—W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Steam Engineers—Vlotoria—J. Aymer, P. 0.
Box 92, Victoria, B. 0.
Stage Employees—Victoria—L. D. Foxgord,
1380 Grant street.
reet Railway Employees—Vlotoria—R. A.
C. Dewar, 1287 Johnson atreet, Victoria,
B. 0.
Street Railway Employees—New Westminster—908 London street, New Westminster, B. C.
Teamstora'   Union—Rossland—Seoretary,   S.
Morrlsb, P. 0. Box 668.
Teamsters'   Union—Fernle—E,  Paterson,  P.
Box 681. Fernle, B. 0.
 ''   " -V. B. Mldgley,
(Ik V%aeoiver\
_OWy, 12.00 )
$1.60 PER YEAR
Victoria Local Present Him
With a Well-lined
Membership Will Subscribe
for Federationist As
a Body
VIOTOBIA, March 27.—Last Friday
night, Local 456 of the Machinists,
held a gala night at the Labor HaU, the
occasion being a smoker, with the popular organizer of the machinists,
"Dune1" McCallum, as tho guest of
During the course of the evening's
enjoyment of song, story and refresh*
ments, the chairman of the gathering,
"Jimmy" Renfrew, called Mr. McCallum forward and delivered him to the
tender mercies of President Rude, of
the Machinists' union. Mr. Rude started telling1'"Dune" what a flne fellow
he was, and how much Victoria machinists thought of him, because of Ms
faithful and efficient work in connection
with the recent negotiations whioh resulted in the men obtaining an increase
of wages and a better working agreement. Then, after the many bouauets
thrown at him had overwhelmed
Dune," and he wondered what was
coming next, President Rude concluded
bis address by handing him a handsome
leather bill-fold, on which was stamped
a presentation address from Local 456.
Within the fold waa a lining of paper of
the kind the government authorizes
banks to exchange for current coin of
the realm ,this being enclosed, according to President Rude, to help "Dune"
forget any personal troubles which the
high cost of living might inflict upon
him.    \
Reply to Presentation.
"Dime" was taken entirely by surprise, but soon found his tongue and
made a very effective response. He
said that he would ever remember this
generous act on the part of the Victoria
machinists, which was altogether unexpected, as he had simply tried to do his
duty and assist the men to better conditions. Ho pointed out that today thoy
had on organization of 100 per eent.,
and had been granted an 8-hour day,
having the honor of being the first city
in the Dominion to attain siich a standard. He urged the members to stand
by their local and, all pulling together,
keep their organization in good shape.
Org. Kidd, of the Blacksmiths, was
present, and addressed the gathering on
the question of orgir '..ation. He stated
that he had just installed a Blacksmiths' local in Victoria, and referred
to the situation in Vancouver, where
tho local had been successful on a strike
declared during the previous week.
The programme provided was of such
a high order of merit that the chairman
expressed surprise at the excellence of
the talent, and suggested that another
smoker be arranged for the near future.
Some of the officers of the H. M. S.
Avoca were present, and took part in
the programme, Engineer Lieut. Henry
singing "If You Are Going Back to;
Loudon," nnd Engineer Lieut. Clarke,
"Mountain of Mourn."  Space will not
permit mention of all taking part, or
working for the success of the Bmoker,
but mention should be mado of Bros. R.
A. Scholes, W. Douglas, J. Burns, Mc-
Craig, Merry, Stanton, Richards, Fan-
thorpe, McMaster, Armond, Thompson,
McOnie, Frazer, WatBon and Geo. Wise,
who sang "Oh, Let It Be Soon."
"Boost" for Ihe Federationist.
The machinists. showed their appreciation of the good work which is
being done by The Federationist, and
have subscribed for the entire membership. This is an excellent example for
other labor organizations of the province to follow, and it would be wen for
them to apply the words of the song of
Mr. WiBe at the smoker, "Oh, Let It Be
Soon," on this subject.
Still Another New Union.
In the Labor Hall on Saturday night
another organization wus added to the
list of Victoria unions, the Naval Yards
und the Shipyard Workers, chartered
by tho A. F. of L. The officers elected
indicates an efficient und effective orgnnization of the union in the Capital
city. The following are the office-bearers: President, T. W. Spouse; vice-president, H, E. Brown; recording secretary, J. Oliver; financial secretary and
treasurer, J. Hall; trustees, Messrs. Bailey, Miller and Hagenback; sergeant at
arms, W. McCarty. Mr. A. Watchman,
vice-president of the TradeB and Labor
Congress of Canada, gave the obligation, and installed the officers. The organization committee of the Trades
Council, President; Christopher,, R. A.
Scholes, Machinists; J. Day, Plumbers;
and J. Drake, Moulders, also took part,
giving words of encouragement and assurance of assistance.
Philadelphia Paper Comments Favorably on Movement In That Oity.
In PhiladeplMa the civic firemen recently organized a union for the purpose of seeking the betterment of their
working conditions through the establishment of a two-platoon system. Public sentiment on the subject is expressed by the Progressive Labor World of
that city, aB follows:—
"Needless to say, we prefer union
firemen. Also, needless to repeat, we
are mighty glad we have got them.
"Not so very many years ago such
a thing as a union organization of members in the city fire department was an
utter impossibility. It is accepted now
as a matter of course.
"The firemen have realized that
their wages have not advanced step by
step as the cost of living has. And
what is true of the firemen's wages is
true of their general working conditions. They are on the right track in
organizing for the purpose of making
a united demand for a two-platoon
system. Nor need the fact that our
firemen are becoming union men and
have joined the Central Labor Union
cause any alarm among our business
men. It is far better that grievances
and demands be thrashed out in meeting nnd presented in a body than that
they should be a source of continual
dissatisfaction and demoralization in
the service.
"By organizing, the firomen are aiming for that degree of personal independence which alone infuses a sense of
personal responsibility in a man and
induces bim to render the best possible
Proposal Endorsed by Local
No. 182 and By Open
Machinists' Mass Meeting on
Sunday Was Very
COAL mining rights of tbe Dominion tn
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberto, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and in a portion of the Province of Britisb
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of |1 an aere.
Not more than 3,500 acres will he leased to
i one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-
, Agent of the district In whloh the rights ap-
' plied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be des-
< scribed by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
I lections,  and  In  unsurveyed  territory  the
i tract applied for ahall be staked out by the
i applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
F a fee of 16 which will be refunded If tnt,
rights applied for are not available, but not
I otherwise, A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five eents per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting
tor the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the
eoal mining rights are not being operated,
■nob returns should be furnished at least
mee a year,
IThe lease  will  Include the  eoal  mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 37 of 45
Oeorge V. assented to 12th June, 1014.
Por full information application should be
made to the Secretory of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Bub-
Agent of Dominion Landa. __  ___ __
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
I* N.B,—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement wlU not he paid for—88575.
\>. uu*  ooi,  rnrnie,   a, V
Trades  Council—Vancouver-
Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Trades Council—Victoria—B. Simmons, P. 0.
Box 302, Vlotoria, B. 0,
Trades    Connell — New    Westminster — W.
Yates, 006 London street, New Westminster, B, 0.
Tailors—Victoria—E. 0. Christopher, P. 0,
Box 887, Victoria. B, 0.
TUe  Layers—Victoria—T.  King,  P. 0. Box
1212, Victoria, B. 0.
Typographical Union—Prince Rnpert—A. 0.
Franks, P. 0. Box 1021, Prince Rupert,
B. 0
Typographical  Union—Vernon—W.  B.  HU-
liard, Vernon, B. 0.
Trades   Council — Prince   Rupert — W.   E.
Thompson, P. 0, Box 1ES, Prince Rupert,
B. 0.
Brotherhood   of  Railway  Trainmen—D.   A
Munro, 688 Ninth avenne east, Vaneoaver,
B. 0.
United Mine Workers—J. Naylor, Box  880,
Cumberland, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—H. Beard, Miehel, B.
United Mine Workers—Thos. Tranoe, Fernle,
B. C.
United Mine Workers—A. MoLellan, Nanalmo, B. C, Jlnsle Pot Mine.
United Mine Workers—Oeo. Oold, Ladysmlth,
B. 0.
United Mine Worken—A. Dean, P. 0. Box
768, Nanalmo, B. 0.
United    Mine   Workers — Jamea    Bateman,
South Wellington, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—Brunno Kaarro, Sointula, B. C.
Metalliferous Miners and Smelter Workers'
W. B. Melssac, P. 0. Box 506, Ymlr, B, C.
W. A. Mowlds, P. 0. Box 27. Stewart, B.C,
Albert Goodwin, P. 0. Box 26, Trail, B. C.
Harry McGregor, VanAnda, B. 0.
J, Donofthne, Box K, Sandon, B, 0.
F. Lelbschor, Silverton, B. 0.
W. Smith, P. 0. Box 204, Phoenix, B. 0,
Q. 0. Marshall, P. 0. Box 421, Rossland,
B. 0.
Roy Burch, Moyle, B, 0.
D. Wiseman, Kimberley, B. 0.
T. R. Willey, P, 0. Box 875, Hedley, B. C
Marcus  Martin, P.  0. Box  106,  Nelson,
B. 0.
W. Lakeland, P. 0. Box 124, Greenwood,
B. 0.
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. H. Neelands, Box- 66.
Barbers—S. H. Orant, 1801 Seventh avenue
Bartenders—W. H. Smith, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—11. Catteli, £206 Fifteenth Ave.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser,  1151 Howe street.
Boot and Shoe Workors —Tom Cory, 132
Templcton drive,
Brewery Workers—Frank Graham, 2266 12th
avenue west,
Bricklayers—-William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpentera District Council
—0. H. Page, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood ot Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1167 Harwood street. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1286 Hornby St,
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—
Brotherhood    of    Maintenance-of-Way
ployees—E, Corado, 286 Clark drive,
Ciganuakors—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory, Georgia street.
City Firemen's Union—8yd. Jackson, No. 2
Firo Hall, Seymour street,
Civic Employeos—J. Leighton, Holdon Building, Hustings streot east.
Cooks, Walters,  Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne,
Electrlcsl Workers—E.  H. Morrison,  Room
207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—{Steam  and Operating)—W.  A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite   Cutters—Edward   Hurry,   Colombia
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardine, Labor Temple.
Hod Carriers and Building Laborers—Labor
Lathers—J. Lelghton, Holdon Building, Hnst
lngs nit-em east.
Utter   Carriers—Robt.   Wight,    177—17th
avenue west.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J.  Brooks,  Room   211,   Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 867 Twentieth
avenue east.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806, Labor
Molders—G,  F.   Nichols,   121   Sixth  avenue
Moving Picture Operators—-A. A, Hansen, P.
0. Box 845.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty etreet.
Painters—Jas.   Wilson,   Room   808,   Labor
Plumbers — Room    206 H,   Labor   Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pile  Drivers  and  Wooden  Brldgemen—W.
Eastman, P. 0. Box 820.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo.  Rush,  2276  Fourteen Ave.
west.   Bayvlew 2216L.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouver—E.   Westmoreland, 1612 Yew street.
Retail Clerks' Association—Albert Crossling,
688 Hamilton street,
Seamen'a Union—W.  8. Burns, P. 0. Box
Structural    Iron    Workers—Roy    Mansccar,
Room 208, Labor Temple,
Sheet Veta) Workers—J. W. Alexander, 3120
Pender street east,
Steam Shovel and Dredgomon—Chas. Fcree,
95 PnwitU street.
Street Railway  Employees—A. V.  Lofting,
2661 Trinity street.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, eare Provlnee.
Telegraphers—E. B, Peppln, Box 842.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608,
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo, W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers  and  Helpers—A. Jamleson,  540
Twenty-third avenne east.
Tradei and Ubor Connell—Victor R, Mldgley, Room 210. Labor Temple,
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box II.
Unfair For Then To Share In Union
Benefits Without Working,
We frequently hit the non-unionist
hard, and he deserves it—and more,
the Australiun Timber Worker.
People may say that it is natural for
unionists to despise the man who shirks
his proper responsibilities, So it is,
and so it ought to be. The ranks of
those who criticise the "non" havo
now roceivod a notable addition, the
new recruit boing none othor than Mr.
Justice Heydon, the Industrial Court
Judge of Now South Wales. Despite
the fact that Judge Heydon hus frequently shown anti-working clnss bias,
his association with industrial matters
has convinced him that the non-unionist
is not a proper man, but, on tho contrary, a very shabby person. In his
judgment upin the railway workers' registration case, his honor said:
"I agree that it is a fair thing that
a man who gets better conditions
through the efforts of his fellows
should bear his share of tho expense.
I am absolutely with that contention. If
I were a non-unionist working man, and
unionists in my trade got me a higher
wage, I should think myself an exceedingly shabby person if I did not send
them a contribution fully equal to my
fair share."
After this declaration from n legal
luminary, one of the shining lights of
the cohorts of anti-labor, the lot of the
non-unioniBt iB indeed a poor one.
Judge Heydon'b remarks may help
them to realise that even intelligent
memberB of tho anti-labor cIubb bave
contempt in their hearts for those who
sponpe on their fellow-men.
Don't be a Bhnbby person! Become a
member of your calling. Pay your
dues and be a man; respecting all men,
but bowing down to none.
MATTERS HAVE moved rapidly during the week in connection with
the proposal to organize a second local
of the Machinists in the city, and the
success of the plan is already assured,
Sufficient names have already been enrolled to secure a charter but, aB organization work is still active, the application will not be made for a week or so.
The question was discussed by the
members of Local 182 of the Machinists
at its meeting last week, and the plan
as outlined in The Federationist approved.
On Sunday afternoon fresh impetus
was given the movement at the mass
meeting of machinists, held in the
Labor Temple. This was well attended,
both union and non-union men being
present, although there were not bo
many of the latter clasB after the close
of the meeting.
Successful Mass Meeting.
The chair was filled by Wm. Small,
president of Local 182 who, after stating the object of the gathering, called
upon Org. "Dune". McCallum to outline the proposals. Mr. McCallum pointed out the advantages of unionism
among tho workers of tho metal trades
at thiB time, and outlined the successful
efforts which were being made to perfect organization work in Vancouver.
He also touched upon the conditions in
these lines in Victoria and Seattle,
where the workers now received higher
wages and better working conditions as
a result of the union movement.
After Mr. McCallum's address, there
was a free discussion on the part of the
audience, all of whom appeared to be
heartily impressed with the desirability
of perfecting the organization here.
No resolutions were passed by the
meeting, but the discussion strongly approved the idea of the organization of a
second local in this city.
Hyndman Sees Revival of International
Sentiment Among Workers.
International socialism, though broken down by the war, will be revived,
and there will come a day when British
and German socialists will again sit at
the table together, says H. M. Hyndman,
the 75-year-old leader of British social-;
"The war's immediate effect upon socialism is not apparent," he said, "but!
one thing is certain, and that is that the
war has taught the workers more than
they could huve learned in u score of
years of peace. The war haB made
them think politically. When the sol
diers come back home they will not be
willing to go back to the hopeless chaos,
They will demand better working conditions. Wo see a great strengthening
of social democracy as a result of tho
"Whon the war broko out tho capitalist system found itself incapable of
handling the community under circumstances which demanded great and continuous national effort. So the Btate
stepped in and took the railroads, and
Has since been commandeering and controlling nearly everything.
"The result is a system of stato socialism, which, of course, is not true socialism. But at least wc hnvo a near
approach to one of tho fundamentals of
socialism—public ownership of public
utilities—and I soe no reason why it
shouldn't be continued nftor the war iB
Another of the Many Casualties.
Sec-treas. A. S. Wells of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, Victoria, has received word that his brother, H. Wells,
who, at tho time of enlistment for overseas, was a member of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners at
Edmonton S.outh, Alberta, died on
March 4, in a French military hospital,
ns the result of exposure and neuritis.
England's "State of Mind."
An anonymous British soldier describes his feelings on revisiting England as those of a visitor among
strangers whose attentions were kindly
but whose modes of thought ho could
neither understand nor approve. They
seem nshnmed of the ideas which sent
us to France and for which thousands
of sons and lovers have died, and cal
culate the profits of the "war after
the war," as though the unspeakablo
agonies of the Somme were an item in
a commercial proposition. Tho peoplo
have chosen to make for themsolves an
image of war, not as it iB, but as an
exciting and picturesque novelty. The
soldiers, carrying the load with aching
bones, hating it nnd not unconscious of
its monstrosity, but dimly hoping that
by shouldering it now they will save
others from it in the future, look back
with oven an exaggerated affection to
tho blessings of peace. The people are
divided' in bouI, half implying that our
cbubo is tho cause of humanity in general, and of democracy in particular,
yet not daring boldly to say so, lest
later they Bhould be compelled to fulfil
their vows."
'The world turns aBldo to let any
mnn pass, who knows whither he is
going."—David Starr Jordan,
Demand tbe Union Label
Enster Suit.
on   yonr
Aak for Labor Temple  'Phont Exchange,
Seymour   7495   (unless   otherwise   stated).
Boilermakers—J. H. Carmlchael, care Hotel
Itogont, 140 Hastings street east.
Brotherhood of Carpentors—Jas. Robinson,
Room SOB.
Brothorhood of Carpenters—J. G. Smith,
Room 208.
Electrical Workera (outside)—B. H. Morri
son, Room 207.   Bey. SSlb,
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenue, Offlce phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L,
Longshoremen's Assoelation—J. Mahone, 10
Powell street; phone Sey. 0859.
Muslciana—H. J. Brasfleld, Boom 805.
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 318 Haatinga atreet
west.     Sey.  8708,
Street Railway Employees—Fred A, Hoover,
eor. Main and Union. Phone Exehange
Seymonr 5000. Residence, Fairmont 6411
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 20fl
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renowals are made.
The address label on your
papor carries tho date to which
your subscription Is paid, If.
aftor forwarding monlos to this
ofllce, the correct change in
your label date Is not made,
notify us at once. When you
have a kick to make regarding
dolivory, or otherwise, kindly
send It to this ofllce—not to
tho other follow. Thus you
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy,
B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B, 0.
For yonr kitchen, Wellington nnt.
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump' 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump ,—
Comox Nut •
Comox Pea 	
(Try our Pn Owl (ot you undated fanuot)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
The kind of Bait, the boy, like to wear an now on diiplay.   Pinch
Backs, Norfolk,, and aU, the new and up-to-date atyle, are ahown.
TeL Sey. 702       < 309 to 315 Haatlags Stnet Wirt
Pure Milk T Union Labor
The milk supplied by thie
dairy ia pure in every aenie of
the word.
All the bottlea and utensils
used by thia dairy are thoroughly
Our milk aupply conies from
the Fraaer Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliance! for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
The Sign
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
Fair Treatment
That's All
In its fight for fair play concerning jitney compe-.
tition, thia company wishes to point ont aeveral
points of discrimination:
The street railway runs at all tiinen, over prescribed
routes and carries everybody.
The jitney is allowed to run when and where it likes
and may carry whom it pleases.
Thc street railway must take the long, non-paying
transfer passenger.
The jitney takes far less than its proportion of thc
long distance passenger.
Thc street railway pays a large percentage of its
gross earnings to the city treasury.
The jitney pays in license fees only about one per
cent, of its earnings to thc city.
Thus the street railway on which the great majority of the people depend, is saddled with restrictions
and discrimination.
On your treatment of the street railway, depends
the service it will bc able to return you in the future.
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour
Sjmoke These Union Made Cigars
Sales Manager for British 3118 Alberta St., Vancouver
Columbia and the Yukon Phone Fairmont 826
Established 1891
Fire Insurance, 'Accident Insurance, Estates
327 Seymour St. Phone Sermour 153
If lt is not call up the
or drop a card to our offloe, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
We can make immediate delivery on
Slabs, Edgings, Inside Fir
We have acquired ten additional teams for your
J. Hanbury & Co., Ltd.
Fourth and Granville
Bay. 1076-1077
\cJ foijj/ you* to vum/
UtOUuo uwwrv
Criticism of Prof. Adam Shortt.
Editor Federatlonist: I bave just
been reading a report of a speech made
by Prof. Adam Shortt before the Vancouver Canadian club. I don't know
much about the Canadian club and
therefore oannot say whether its members are drawn exclusively from the
ranks of the producers of wealth, or
from the ranks of the exploiters. But
Prof, Shrott's address has made me suspicious.
Prof. Shortt is not known to me and
therefore I cannot say whether be trimmed hiB remarks to suit his audience
or whether he is merely ignorant of the
Bubject which he discuBBod. On the
rule that it is never wise to impute
dishonest tactics where tho mattor
under review admits of an honorable
explanation I will assume that Prof.
Shortt did not know; what he was talking about.
Bpeaking on the subject of Production, he made the following statements:
1. Speculation iB a good thing.
2. Profits accrue from war.
Now, assuming that the professor is
an honest thinker and a candid speaker,
I cannot suppose that he meant to imply
that speculation was good for some
people and bad for others, or that war
waB profitable to some people and unprofitable to others. Being a patriot
and addressing a patriotic assembly on
a Bubject of vital importance to Canada as a whole I received the impression from his speech that speculation
and war are somehow or another profitable for the nation. It is only necessary
to consider his statements carefully to
discover that they are both erroneous.
"Speculation ia a good thing," says
Prof. Shortt. Try and imagine a community of, say twenty people, ten producers of wealth, nine speculators and
one professor. Try and imagine, further, that the speculators have full control of the wealth produced by the ten,
and that they also control the professor.
What an absurd idea it would be for the
professor to suggest that the labor of
the producers might be enormously alleviated, or the wealth of the community doubled if the speculator ceased to
juggle with the wealth of the community and, instead, were engaged in production t
There are usually so many people in
the country who aro laboriously engaged doing nothing that nearly half a
million men left the country either for
the war or to go to the States before the
country began to feel the Iosb. And
probably another half million of speculators, bankers, travelling men, commission agents, advertising agents, <Jtc,
might leave the country without
diminishing perceptibly its total produce.
In my unprofessional judgment, speculators are about as useful to the country sb the fleas on a yellow dog. No one
will deny that the fleas stimulate the
enterprise of the dog and but for them
he would probably contract lazy habits.
And, again what would become of the
fleas if it were not for the dog? Prof.
Shortt says speculation means business
enterprise. Possibly it doea, but the
business stimulated by speculation
might profitably bo eliminated, and, unless all the portents are thoroughly misleading, it will not be many weeks before the country awakes to the necessity of paying much more reasonable attention to the production of food and
less to the fattening of the pockets of
And, secondly, the professor says:
"War is profitable" Again assuming
the integrity of Prof. Shortt, it seemB
amazing that he haB never heard of
such a thing as "unproductive labor.
If someone had taken a few boxes of
dynamite and blown up the Canadian
club and all its membera, and its arch'
ives and Prof. Shortt, profit would
have accrued in juat the same manner
as it accrues from war. And Prof.
Shortt would have been tho last to see
the point.
The fact of the mattor is simply this
(and overy man who has an active
brain knowB it) thnt every day the war
is prolonged causes an eternal and irreparable loss to the world. A loss of
wealth, a loss of blood, a loss of devastated homes and blighted affections.
A losa which no amount of medals, titles
and honors will ever wipe out. In spite
of all the talk of fighting for honor,
freedom and democracy, it is my
humble judgment that that nation Ib the
most civilized which first calls upon its
governors to call a halt to the bloody
carnage in Europe.
Victoria, B. 0.,
March 20,1917.
misery of the unemployed a dollar for
the right to go to Powell Biver, pays
his steamer fare and his room and board
until he's got a job at say (2.50 per
day, he'd never make enough to get
back. Then when he's got a start at
laat, he muat pay hiB $7.50 per week for
board, a dollar per month for the doctor, patriotic fund, takes in a show (the
company's show), he has nothing left for
patriotic dancea. One would think, after
reading one of the safety and health
pamphlets which tho company prints
free, that they had built a heaven upon
earth. But this kind of education does
not impress the workers. The doctors
are busy attending to accidents, and
the hospital ia never without a victim.
Aa I left this place they were starting
a bonus system, which is effective to
every worker after two months' labor
for the company. If you worked from
January 1 to March 15, you would get
the ten per cent, added to your wages
of January pay, but if you quit on
March 14, you lose the bonus. As many
quit before two months are up, the oompany catches them coming, going and
staying. I have heard that the agreement between tho company and the government called for "all-white" labor.
I cun say for ccruin that this company
employs nothing but Chinks in the kitchen of their boarding houso. I'd Uke
to seo something dono to check this.
One other rotten side to thiB company is
thut of raising the rents, on newcomers
with families. Houses that were set at
low rentals are reset at high after they
have been vacated.
Nothing can be done for these workers until they are organized. There ia
a Papermakers' union but, aB usual,
with all these nristicratic unions, the
narrowness of their vision prevents
thom seeing that the need of one is tho
need of all.
Mr. Papermaker, the fellow who
grinds those blocks of wood Ib aa much
your brother worker aB the backtender
on your machine. You are progressing
little by little, and you increased your
strength, when you decided to let in all
of your machine crews. But some day
I hope you '11 aee that fraternity means
kinship and unity strength. From the
woodroom to the wharf, every man's
part iB a part of your trade, and so you
muat take them in. In the near future
pulp and paper will be the most productive trade in the province, and mills
will be developed to their utmost capacity, and to get the highest wages and
the beat conditions, you must organize
all these workerB as they come in.
Vancouver, March 26, 1917.
-Hawk 80, 191
"Company" Town Iniquity.
Editor B. C. Federationist: In these
days of exceaaive profita and high coat
of living, many men and many industries ate in the search-light of public
investigation.   But I hardly think the
public are wiae to the Powell Biver
Pulp and Paper company.   ThiB company was given Powell lake for power
purposes; it waB given a townsite and
enough timber to run out pulp and
paper for the noxt sixty years.    All
these were given in a moment of extravagant generosity by tho late government.  No one knows who nre the company and whether   financial aid was
added as is tho case with railroad companies.   Paper commands a high price
those days in the market, and one would
think that If there was any gratitude
left in the hearts of these exploiters,
they would becomo patriotic enough to
cut down the price of paper.   The people's representatives were generous to
them, supplying tho   raw material, the
power and the land to keep thia industry busy.   But tho profits of this company are not made up alono from the
prico of paper.    The   company built
four, fivo and six-room houses for the
workers, they built a boarding house
for single men; they operate stores and
so what the workers earn at the mill is
puid over again to live and labor for
thiB company.   "Unto them who have
much is given."   I've often wondered
whnt kind of a look waB on the face of
the man who wrote that.   The rents of
theBe houses aro enough to turn tbe
landlords  of  Vancouver  crazy.    The
highly skilled worker and the foremen
are  given  privileges,  thoy  get  thoso
houaea at $11.50 per montb, according
to tho size of the house.   The unskilled
workor haB to pay from $5 to $10 more
to live beside his skilled brother. These
fellows, in order to pay tho rent and
store bill, make   their   homes   within
homes, thoy share them with one or more
families.  And so by working every day
and chopping wood overy night, they
live.   When a worker comes here for a
job, he Is subjected to a medical investigation, and according to the doctor's
conclusions he is put to this or that kind
of work, and until the man is examined
he has to pay 50 cents per night for his
bed and 35c for his meals.   Supposing
a worker pays one of those low-grade
parasites who feeds and fattens on the
I hate Women.
They get on my Nervea.
There are the Domestic Ones.
They are the worst.
Every moment is packed with Happiness.
They breathe deeply
And walk with large strides, eternally
hurrying home
To see about dinner.
They are the kind
Who Bay, with a tender smile, " Money 's not everything."
They are always confronting me with
Saying, "I made it myself."
They read Woman's pages and try out
Oh, how I hate that kind of women.
Then there are the  human Senaitives
The Bundle of Nerves.
They are different    from   everybody
else; they even tell yoa bo.
Some one is always stepping on their
Everything hurts them—deeply.
Their eyes are forever    filling    with
They always want to talk to me about
the Beal Things,
The things that Hatter.
Yes they know they could write.
Conventions stifle them.
They are always longing to get away—
Away from It All I
—I wish to Heaven they would.
And then there are those who are always in Trouble.
Usually they have Husband-trouble.
'ihey are Wronged.
They are the women who nobody—understands
They wear faint, wistful smiles.
And, when, spoken to, they start,
They begin by saying mey must suffer
in silence
jno one will ever know—
And then they go into details.
Then there are the Well-Informed onea
They are pests.
They know everything on earth
And will tell you about It gladly.
They feel it their missioa to correct
wrong impressions.
They know Hates and Middle names.
They absolutely ooze Current Events.
Oh, how thoy bore me.
There are the ones who simply cannot
Why all the mon are mad about them.
They say they've tried and tried.
They tell you about some one's Husband;
What he Baid
And how he looked when he said it.
And thon tbey sigh and aak,
"My dear, what is there about mof"
—Bon't you hate themf
There are tho unfailing Cheerful ones.
Thoy are usually unmarried.
Thoy are always busy making little
And planning little surprises.
They tell mo to be, Uke them, alwayB
looking on the Bright Side.
They ask mo what they would do without their sense of humor 1
I Bometimea yearn, to kill them.
Any jury would acquit me.
I hate women.
They get on my nerves.
—Henrlette Rousseau,
in "Vanity Fair."
Crimes of Charity.
The object of the Charity investigators in New York is to find out reasons
and excuses why holp should not be given. If they prove soft hearted they
lose thoir job ond no one knows better than they that poverty la a crime
for which tbey will be terribly punished. The treatmont to which the helpless poor aro subjected to is bo insulting
and cruel, that they are tempted to resort to crime to escape their "charitable tormentors."—Konrud Borcovici
in "Pearson's."
The union label is the best expression
of devotedness to good union principles. We Bhould all cultivate the union
label habit. At every local union meeting tbis subject should receive earnest
attention. Bring the news home to your
family, to your brother and sister.
There is no excuse why union men
should not spend their union-earned
money for union -made goods, It costs
the same,
Be Federation Entering Politics.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I did not
intend writing over the contemplated
policy of the workers entering the poli-
tical arena through the B. C. Federation
of Labor, aB I have always thought and
advocated that it was better for the
workera to attempt to do something for
themselves, though they blundered,
rather than make no effort at aU to
emerge from their state of alavery or
Subjection, But, now that the workers
have the problem before them to vote
on—and undoubtedly will support it—
the Federation is led up to the point of
inaugurating a policy for the workerB to
pursue along the Une of political activity. Bro. Thompson's contentions, as
outUned in the correspondence columns
of The Federationist of March 9, in my
opinion, are subject to chaUenge on one
or two points,
Bro. Thompson says the poUcy of the
sociaUst party is not acceptable to tht
rank and lilo of trade unionists. On this
point I agree with him. But tbe question now arises as to whether the
amendment should be applied to socialism or the trade unionist ideas. If we
are to enter the game with an honest
purpose, and man a ship that will
woather the storm, we must discard all
flabby material and only use that of
standard quality. I, for one, say that
socialism is the standard quality, and no
ahip built of other material will carry
the workera to the shorea of emancipation. Let it not be forgotten that the
holders of union cardB are not always
logical representatives -of the labor
movement. Ex-presidents Boosevelt and
Taft were both bearers of union cards.
Hut nevor have they been accused, to my
knowledge, of trying to represent labor.
James McFarland and Harry Orchard
were also bearers of union cards, though
their efforts were always directed to exterminating unions. Also other individuals too numerous to mention.
Bro. Thompson says it will take yeara
to educate the workers to the principles
of socialism. Let that be as it may.
The principles of socialism form the
basic foundation of the economic policy
of tho working class, and the only policy along which an industrial administration of things can be carried on by
the workera, through the workers and
for the workers.
Bro. Thompson also points out the
danger of machine tactics developing in
a party organization of any branch.
That point is well taken if an organization is developed without education.
Bro. Thompson further says that the
fundamental principles and methods of
tho socialist party has raised a barrier
that will take years to remove. Here
is an assertion without any specifications. I, for one, feel proud of the history of the sociaUst party in British Columbia, and wish to see it renewed and
carried on until that party haa achieved
ita historical mission.   Yours truly,
Prince Bupert, B, C,
Every man must view according to
his lights. We are not all responsible
for shortsightedness, but exhibit the influence of parentage* and circumstances.
Contracts, interests, education, occupation, aU tend to mold our opinions.
Breed and creed play their part in the
formation of character, and mental
levelB can have many coincident ideals.
To insist that any one course of procedure is aolely proper—thnt any single
method ia exclusively right—is to presume the possession of superiority which
personal judgment ia not entitled to
grant. It ia in the scheme of things
that we must progress through disagreement and the rivalry which it incites,
but however dear each may hold Mb
principles, other folks are at least entitled to respect for any sincere conviction, evon though it arouses our antagonism. Trade conditions during the past
several years, which affect commodities
consumed or necessary to the household
und individual, at preaent reBt on the
shifting sands of an uncertain market.
On all sides a hue and cry haa been
raised deploring the steady increase in
the cost of necessities. Naturally the
solution of the weighty question does
not reat with any one individual. In
our opinion, relative values in the production of things bo vital to our very
existence will adjust themselves when
the small ninety per cent, of the masses
shall tell the greater ten per cent, just
what their dollar shall buy.—T. E. Bag-
To the Trade
Unionists of Canada
When you get tired bunting for
socialist news in capitalist papers,
subscribe for Th* Milwaukee
Leader, tbe big socialist daily.
Samples on request. Milwaukee,
Th. Dsilr HUwsnk.. L«.d.r ud
Th. Federntlonlit, on, yeet, 94.60.
"The Beer Without a Peer"
So popular became it's so good. Cascade is brewed of the
highest grade B. O. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the public.
When You Buy CASCADE-You
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material back of it.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Revision of B. C.
Dental Act
Tils".Leglslatton* la Distinctly ln the Public Intereat     '" "'
And Deserves the Hearty Support of the General Public
What is sought by this Revision?
More Representative Control of
Place British Columbia on Common
Ground with other
Make the Dental
Act Sufficiently
Elastic to meet public needs.
By providing tbat control be vested
in a Dcntul CouncU of five registered
dentists, wbo serve for one year, two
members to be appointed by tbe government and tbe other three elected by tbe
dentists; instead of tbe present rule
whereby tbe council is selected for five-
year terms on the vote of the dentists
By providing for the recognition of
certificates to practice granted by the
Dominion Dental Council (the highest
dental body in Canada), as ia now done
in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan.
By providing that graduates of dental
colleges approved by the Council may
be granted permits to practice in the
office and under the supervision of a
registered dentist for a period of not
exceeding six months. (Provincial examinations for dental licenses are held
only semi-annually).
If you agree with the above outline, writo your representative in the
house, expressing your views and asking him to support the legislation.
If further particulars on the subject are desired, drop a post oard to
Room 3, 407 Hastings street weBt, Vancouver, and secure a pamphlet outlining in full the terms of the proposed revision.
10 Sub. Cards
Good for ons yett'e subscription to Th. fi,
C. Feder.tloniit, will be nsiled to .ny ,d*
dress in C.nsd. for $10. (Good anywhere
outside of Vancouver city.) Order tea todny.   Remit when sold.
The merchant who does not advertise at all may
or may not be your friend, Mr. B. C. Worker, but it
is a foregone conclusion that he who liberally patronizes the columns of all other papers and refuses
to advertise in The Federationist, now the only
Labor paper published west of Winnipeg, is not looking for your patronage; does not wish it and is not
desirous of your patronage.
Principal repayable Iat October, INS.
Interest payable half-yearly, let April and lit October by
cheque (free of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at
the rate of five per cent per annum from the data of purchase.
Holden of thia stock will have the privflefo of surrendering
at par and accrued intereat, aa the equivalent of eaeh, in par-
ment of any allotment made tinder any future war loan lame b
Canada other than an issue of Reentry Billi or other like abort
date security.
Proceedi ot thia eteek are for war purpoeee only.
A commWon cf one-quarter of one per eent will be allowed
to reoognijed bond and etock broken on allotment! made in
reapect of application, for thia itoek which bear their stamp.
For application forma apply to tba Dapoty tt__m of
Finance, Ottawa.
OCTOBn ftk, t*M. ' FBIDAT. March 30, 1917
The Man Who Wants
Work Trousers
—will flnd nt Spencer's easily the largest stock and best variety in the
city. What is more, we havo a stock at low prices,, starting at $2.00, for
a dark brown tweod. >
AT $2.26 there are threo patterns, including plain brown and diagonal
grey tweeds that aro exceptional values.
AT $2.75 there are plenty of patterns in browns, greys and mixtures,
AT $3.50 we have the famous Halifax tweed and an English whipcord in
grey, both vory popular trouaerB with men who want wear.
AND AT $3.90 an English hairline in dark grey, also a most durable garment.
such as a man often wants to eke out a coat and vest that aro capable
of further service, we have a fine range of stripe worsteds—thore are
particularly good to wear with a navy sorgo or any dark coat.   Prioes
are $4.60, $6.00, $6.60, $6.00 and $6.60.
NAVY SERGE TROUSERS, of oxcellent quality are hero in all sizes at
$3.90 and $5.60.
Carhartt Overalls
and Pants
—are the—
Better Value Garments for
and they are made right here.
You are quite right to insist on your own homemade CARHARTT, for every Eastern-made OVERALL means wages out of your pocket.
Instead of puro maple.   It is just as good, and costs considerably less.
Mado from puro Sugars, and guaranteed to contain no foreign flavoring.
Watch for demonstrations at tho leading grocery stores.
Packed in bottles, quarter, hnlf and ono gallon tins.
Order a tin today and be convinced.
Great Northern Transfer Co., Ltd.
Baggage and Express Agents
Cartage and Shipping Agents
Phone Day and Night, Sey. 605 and 405
80 Pender Street East
The Government Should Be
Held Responsible for
Their Care
Unfair to Treat Soldiers'
Dependents As Is Now
the Case
edly and insistently criticized the
methods and administration of the
Canadian Patriotic Fund. It has takon
the position that tho fund should bo
handled exclusively by the federal govornment, oven if thnt meant the loss
of a few paltry dollars collected by
employers from their underpaid employeos. It hns contended that the
fund should not be placed on a charity basis, but Bhould be paid to sol-
dtors' dependents aB a right, until such
times as the government pays a wage
sufficient to meet tho requirements. At
a time when millions of dollars are being wrested from the government by
big and little gruftcrB of all typeB, it
is rather unseemly that soldiers; depen*
dents should havo to suffer the humiliation of a miniature inquisition in order to receive what should be theirs
by right. Charity is repugnant. It is
unnecessary in Canada. And it should
be eliminated. Tho presont method of
collecting and administering the Patriotic Fund is altogether wrong in principle, and if tho donors knew the facts
in tho case there would be an open revolt. The Federationist has received
a letter from a soldier's wife thiB week
which is reproduced in full, as it bears
out many of tho contentions, previously
mado in this paper.   It reads:
Discouraging Results
"We have beon hearing quite a lot
lately about tho falling off of recruits
for the army, and hints of conscription are flying around. Various public
bodies are taking the matter up and
are considering how to stimulate recruiting, I havo heard that the soldiers' wives aro taking an active interest in theBe questions. I am a soldier's wife myself, and although my
husband has gone to do his bit in this
terrible struggle (and I am proud that
he has gone), I do not feel justified
in urging another man to do the same,
under the circumstances. I think the
best way to stimulate recruiting, if it
needs it, would be to givo the returned soldiers a square deal, and see that
soldiors' dependents are treated justly.
"Tako the returned Boldier. The
people were ready with their cheers
and their 'God bless yous' whon they
loft, lots of them never to return. Thon
the crowds were cheering, tho bands
playing, and they had a good send-off,
but, what a difference when they returni A passing glance, a few words
of pity, then practically forgotten except by the few.
Soldiers' Dependents
^'Then thore is tho soldiers1 dependents. When the call first came for
men, it was realized that the pay was
woefully inadequate. To keep a home
going, $35 or $40 a month, needed some
managing, even without children, and
men naturally hesitated when it meant
leaving-thoir wives and children alone,
and in many cases, worse oil' financially
as well. Hence tho citizens' war fund
was started. From this the Patriotic
Fund evolved. Whon the boys went
away thc people of Canada who for
various reasons remained behind, said
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
Seymour 2088
Uptown Offlce:
Seymour 226
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BED), Proprietor
Manufacturers of
Office and Works: Tenth Street        NEW WESTMINSTER, B. O.
am afraid. Mr. Editor, I will take
up too much space and thoro is so much
I would like to say.
"We hear the sotaier's wifo criticized so much thnt I think it is nbout time
tho soldiers' wives started doing a lit.
tie of the criticizing.
"But to return to the subject. I
would like to know if it. is any business-of the Patriotic Fund Committee
how this money is spent? Why should
they send out investigators to poke and
pry into our homesf When we endorse
our-cheques we'swear that the person
on whose behalf the.money is sent (so
it must bo wages after all and not
charity) is still serving his country.
And yet they can't trust us for a whole
month. In the city they have investigators; in South Vnncouver the women have to sign a book ubout two"
weeks before they expect their cheques,
or I presume they would he withheld.
If not, why the signing? I would prefer the signing to tho investigator, but
I object to both on principle.
"I wonder how, tho paid employees
HE FEDERATIONIST has repeat: dier8» wive8 got together and appoint-
edlv nnd inRintfinfctv mltlafmA +>.* I e(i investigators to seo how they spent
their moneyf And docs it not come
out of the Fund? Such a course would
be an insalt to the intelligence of these
peoplo and yet, what Is sauce for the
goose should be sauce for the gander.
Thoy earn their money nnd, of courao,
the right to spend it how they like.
Do not our men earn this money for usf
We would not bo entitled to it if our
men did not enlist, therefore they must
earn it.
"This committeo tlniras there are
certain soldiers' wives who will not
pny their debts unless they interfere.
Are thore not othor mon'B wives who
do not pay their debts! Why should
the soldier's wife bo singled eut when
her husband is not bere to defend hert
Lot the creditors look out for themselves. There may be a small percentage of soldiers' wives who do not pay,
but, as a class, the soldiers' wives are
good payers.   Ask at any store.
"If this Fund is really part of a
soldier's pay, and that is what I always take it to be, why all these humiliating enquiriesf I had none to answer when my husband, enlisted. When
he was passed as physically fit that
was sufficient. He gave the names of
his dependents and they send my pay.
Thoy did not bother me aB to my private affairs, or whether I had one child
or a dozen. I get my money from them
and spend it as I think fit. I did not
havo to tell them how much money I
had in the bank or whether I owned
my homo or paid rent. They do not
consider it thoir business. So long as
a man is serving with tho colors he is
paid, so why should thiB Fund committee want to know so muchf
"If thiB fund is not nn addition to a
soldier's pay, then what is itf Charity! If it is charity, then it is a
shame and disgrace to this country and
its government, that a man who has offered up his life for his country ahould
havo to leave hia dependents to be supported by charity,  ,'
"Why does not the government take
this Fund over ond pay a man a living
wage for hiB job, so that his wife and
children can livo, and not exist! Surely what these men aro doing is worth
"If tho government cannot take it
over and operate it, why cannot the
names of soldiers' dependents be forwarded to tho socretary of this fund
at the same timo as they are sont to
Ottawa! Let the money be Bent to
each man's dependents the some as the
government cheques. Why all thiB -unnecessary fuaa and bother anyhow?
"I should liko to hear the opinions
of other soldiers' wives on this subject. I know tho feeling is running
pretty high, No decent-minded woman likes to think of having to toko
charity and that's what wo aro mnde
to feel it is, very often. Our men nro
working 24 hours a day, 7 days a woek.
Aro we not entitled to a comfortable
living when they nro doing this! Wo
know they are fighting for their country, but what constitutes 'their country?'—their wives and kiddies and
to thom: 'If you will go and fight for ! Jomcs-that is what they are fighting
ill see that your wives and kid-1 "^ ®°L °«" l>\tT-t 8'
Hisses Greet Speaker Who
Defends Chinese on
Female Workers Will Solve
Ranchers' Problems
This Year
as we will see Mat you
dies are ail right; we will raise a fund
to holp them, those of ius who cannot
go to fight will pay.'
"This idea was kindness itself, but,
it was also aa admission that the soldier's puy was not onough, and the people have paid, and paid well and given
willingly. But I am sure thc peoplo
who gave und are still giving, just as
the boys havo fought and are still
fighting, did not mean this money to be
'doles out as charity, and expect a
soldier's wifo to be kept in suspense
from month to month us to whether hor
'pntriotic,' as it is generally termed,
would be reduced or if she would got a
letter requesting her to call at tlio offico at a stated timo to bo subjected
to a 'gruelling" and prying into hor
private affairs, which is sometimes the
prelude to a redaction. I may say tho
Patriotic Fund committee call this the
(re-invostigutiou of a case.' If, sinco
her husband hus been uwuy, the wifo
has managed by careful managing to
wipe off some debt or obligation, thtin
invariably hor money is reduced. Is
know of ono case whoro a man went
awny and left his wifo in a comfortable
home, paying rout. Soon after his do-
was offered the uso of
while they aro fighting for their own
homes they are also doing it for the
other fellow who has not gone. And
this includes thc committee of tho Putriotic Fund."
THE ATTITUDE of the Vancouver
publie on the question of the employment of Orientals was woll tested
at a meeting in the Labor Temple on
Tueaday evening, when the question of
providing women to pick the berry and
fruit crops during the coming season
waa discussed.
Councillor Knight of Mission started
something when ho attempted to toll
why the ranchers liked the Chinese ob
berry pieckers. In aa instant hisses
and grouns could be heard from every
part of the hall. Nothing daunted,
Councillor Knight continued his defense
of the Chinese, saying that they were
ready to take the places of the boys
at the front in the berry fields. Then
the storm broke and amid a ehorus
of hisses and groans the speaker was
informed that if the Mission ranchers
favored his views, it was the plain duty
of Vancouver consumers to boycott the
fruit from that district.
Throughout the entire meeting, there
was ovident sympathy with the views
of. organized labor that the suggestion
to solve labor problems in this section
by the employment of Orientals was a
Bubject which eould not be considered
in any way, shape or form.
Insult to White Labor.
Councillor Knight in his defense of
tbe Chinese, Baid that white labor from
the cities was unreliable on the ranches
and for this reason Chinese were preferred for the work. He very carefully
neglected to say, however, anything as
to the wages which these Orientals
could bo hired, or the hours which they
would work. Had his remarks been con.
tinued along these lines he would probably have1 presented a case covering
the Oriental standard of life for which
he would have refused to stand as "the
standard of life in this province. He
said ho was willing to have Chinese
work for him while ho was hore on
earth, adding thc pious hope that he
did not wish to live with them in Heaven.
Tho sentiments of the ranchers as to
the labor required of the berry pickers
was rather illuminating, one speaker
saying that tho reason why girls of 13
and 14 wero uot suitable for the work
boing that thoy could not stand working for from 12 to 14 hours per day
for seven days per week.
Impossible Suggestion,
Another speaker suggested that the
men whom he declared were '' loafing" about the city should get out on
the land and do something in the way
of helping out production by-clearing
land und making homes for themselves
in the agricultural districts. A few moments later ho told how it cost about
$450 per acre to prepare the land, but
neglected to connect his remarks and
explain how the man without capital
could possibly join the baek-te-tho-land
Tho meeting was called by tho Consumers' League to consider ways and
means for meeting the demand for In-
b».r on the berry and f li* ranches, a
qu«sti'*n whieh tame lit lie front some
timo ngo when tlio Ii. C. Fruit Growers' Association advocated the abolition of the Chinese h.n" tax in order
to provide Orientals for tho work. This
froposnl has, from all sides, met % sim-
lar reception to the remarks of Coun,
Knight tit the meeting and is now
dead issue.
Mrs. J. C. Kemp occupied the chair
and, in her opening remarks, said that
she hud no doubt but thnt, with some
systematic effort being mndo, the women of tho coast district, could meet
tho demands fully. Such action would,
sho said, not only meet the peculiar
conditions existing this year but would
also settle to a groat degree the ques.
tion of tho employment of Orientals
for such work in the futuro.
Thousands Needed for Work.
A number of speakers from the
Frnser Valley staled the conditions
existing thero aud outlined what the
A Rousing Saturday Special
in Women's and Misses'
Easter Suits-Priced for
Quick Selling $25.00
These suits are made up in smart, up-to-the-minute
styles, of fine quality all-wool poplins, French serges-
Gabardines and Donegal Tweeds—all the new
shades such as Apple Green, Russian Green, African
Brown, Elephant Grey, Copenhagen, Navy and
Black*—all have large collars and over collars, fancy
pockets, belts and natty cuffs. Coats are satin-lined.
Value without precedent. Special $25.00
[For tin. purposo of (issUting wage-workers
who uro necessarily interested in the provisions and urinmiis trillion of the now B. C.
Workmen's Com pen mi Hun Act. Tlio Fedora*
tionlst hns urrungml with Jas. 11. McVety,
who has nivi'ii n good deal of time to the subject, to answer any hu ua tions submitted relative to tho Act Send your questions lo Tin.
t'odeni Unit ist, Labor Temple, Vancouver.]—
Kilitm* Federatlonist,
C. D., Vancouver.—A cook afflicted ranchers would do in the lino of pro-
wlth rheumatism in his feet is not en- viding accommodation for tho women,
titled to compensation; Cooks nro not workers. Air. It. M. Winslow, provln-
covered under tho aot except where olal horticulturist, spoKe for the ran-
they are employed in industries that j chors of Ihe Okanagan where, he said*,
aro covered, and in such cases they arc (that last year 70 per cent, of the work
protected to Ihe same extent ns other j was done by Orientals, In this district
workmen, except that it is doubtful j 1500 workers would bo needed from
Whether an injury received by a cook ! duly to November, Ihe heaviest part of
shack, rent free.   Tho offer wbb mado,        -    - „   ,      -   „  ..  ..
ill good faith to help hor as a sol-1 »t the nnnds of workmen poisoned by ' the work coming En October.   tEo
dior's wife. Sho accepted tho offer and
put up with tho inconvenience; there
was not even wuter in tho houso. She
accepted it with tho idea of saving her
rent money, roudy for when her husband came back. (We all try to think
they aro coming back, you know). The
'Patriotic' had a 'ro-invostigation of
hor case,' and her money wns reduced
$5 por month. Whon she mado enquiry
she was told sho had no rent to pay.
Do you blame us if we go and live
in steam-heated flats and havo all conveniences? Why not? Wo don't get any
benefit if wo do try to save rent.
"Tho government enclosoa pamphlets asking us to 'buy war loans and
let our dollara fight.' If we did, what?
One of tho questions wo havo to answer is: 'Have you any source of income other than yonr husband's pay?'
I sometimes wonder if the general
public is aware of the quostions asked a
soldier's wife. I cannot remombor
thom all, but I know thoy want to
know how much money you have in
the bank and if you havo any in hand.
I guess thoy would say that if a woman
had no monoy in hand they would givo
her somo. Perhaps thoy would, but it
was not so in my caso. I had a dollar in tho bank and no money in hand
and I had to wait throe woeks bofore
I got uny from tho Fund. Perhaps I
should havo asked, but nothing doing;
I havo novor asked for charity yet,
though I don't consider the Patriotic
Fund chnrity. It is part of a soldier'b
pay and it should not bo doled out
as charity.
Also Bent Collectors
"Why should this Fund forco a soldier's wifo to pay into certain firms?
But I will go into this part of the
question moro fully next wook, as I
tho cooking would bo   considered
"hazard of the industry,'
G. T., Vancouvor,—A workman who
contracts smallpox or any other disease, oilier ilmn those listed ns occupational diseases, sueh as anthrax, lead,
mercury, phosphorus and arsenic poisoning and ankylostomiasis) meaning the
diseases common to minors, is not covered by the net. It cannot bo said thnt
the growth or spread of smallpox is due
in any way to any industry. The principle of tho legislation is to charge industry wilh tlio burden of persons injured in industrinl lifo or who con.
tract diseases known to devolop from
industrial processes or materials.
F. K,, North, Vancouvor.—Yes, Asiatics are covered in tho same manner
as whites. This applies to the payments to dependents of workmon killed in industry, whether resident in B.
O. or not, despite the contentions of
"pnytriotic" employers of Asiatics,
who objected "to good B, C. monoy
being sent out of tho country."
Open Forum Meeting.
Mrs. Wm, A. McConkey will speak
on "Woman nnd T.abor" at the Open
Forum meeting, O'Brien hall, Sundny,
2.30 p.m.
International Organizers In Oity.
Among the workera in the international labor field who were in Vancouver for the weok woro Organizer Reed
of Portland, connected with tho Boilermakers' union, and Orgnnizor DonniH
of tho Sheet Metal Workors. Both officials camo in connection with the
work of thoir organizations at this
hers would do everything possible to
;iiM*orniu,odnte whito workers from tho
const. No determination hnd yet been
mndo on Ihe i-uestion of wages, but ho
wns satisfied they would bo higher than
lust yenr.
The outcome of tho mooting was tho
passing of u resolution asking tho provincinl authorities to, open a labor bureau in tho eity where workers who are
willing to go to the ranches might obtain necessary information and register thoir names.
Minors' Union—A Doer of Big Deeds,
Tho United Workers' union is
more lo its membera than politics, more
than religion, Tt has been school, government, church, and university to
vast numbers, and has performed nil
these functions bettor than the institutions that bear those names. In seventeen yenrs this union expended nearly
twenty-two million dollars, In Illinois
the unions are establishing co-operative stores. Their main activities include conferences with tho operators
backed by strikes, whereby wages nnd
hours are gradually improved, to prevont child labor and educate the children, to socuro old ngo pensions and
workmen's compensation nets.—A, M.
Simons in "Pearson's."
Winnipeg Street Railway EmpUyees
Winnipeg Street Railway Employees''
Union is holding a special nieeting on
the 31st inst., in order to take up further consideration of matters in connection with the approaching termination of thoir schedule arrangemont
with the Stroet Railway company,
Thoro will bo proposals to considerably
increaso the rates of pay, without any
doubt.—Tho Voice.
M OhpBudson'sBauCompanjf. fi2
\^_ .   _J ihwmwi  tor*     ataust i saamffa,yaatt wwmww .   _~_
Granville and Georgia Streets
begs to announce that he has established himself, for the practice of
Dentistry and Oral Surgery, in new quarters on the Seeond Floor of the
Bunk of Ottawa Building, corner of Seymour and Hastings Streets, and
is now prepared to receive patients.
The most modern equipment in office and laboratory has been installed
and Anocain Infiltration, the poinlesa method endorsed and -approved by
the highest dental authorities, will be exclusively employed.
Dr. Grady has had ten years of continuous experience in the largest
dental establishments of the United States and Canada and is prepared
to offer exceptional individual service at most moderate fees. Consultation and advice will be entirely without charge.
Upper or lower plate....
Gold Crowns, 22 karat-
Porcelain Crowns 	
Bridgcwork, por tooth-
Gold Fillings 	
Porcelain Fillings	
Silver Fillings	
Painless Extractions	
—$ 5.60
 1 6.00
...» 6.00
...* 2.00
...I 1.60
...» l.BO
....   SOO
No charge made for extraction wben ln preparation for
Plates or Bridgeport.
PHONE SEYMOUR 2716 Office Hours: 9 a.ra. to 6 p.i
Open Evenings Tuesday and Saturday 7 to 9
■ jiff* ////. V"*   \
mi i n/xn BAKING
NABOB powder
Tour best efforts at cake making and cake baking will fall far
short of success if your baking
powder is not up to standard.
Use NABOB Baking Powder, and
be sure of results.
Along line of I*. O. 1-3. Railway open park line lands. The finest mixed
farming lands in tho province.
Good water, best of hunting nnd fishing. The Bottlers who have gono
in there ure nil boosters, as they arc making good.
If you want to go back to tho land, write
Welton Block, Vancouver
Capital $15,000,000 Rest  $13,500,000
Main Offlce:   Oorner Hastings and Granville Streets, Vancouver
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. Flnt Avenuo and Commercial Drit«
EAST END Cor. Pendor snd Main Streets
FAIKVIEW Cor. Blilh Avenue nnd Uranvllle Streit
HASTINGS md CAMDIE Cur. Hasting-! and Cambie Street!
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenuo and Yaw Stroet
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Stroot
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Stroet
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-eighth and Frasor Avoi.
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
"Tbo Temperate Man's Drink1'
Browed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company. Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores ln
PBIDAY. March 30, 1917
Easter Sale and Ladies' Costumes
Coats, Dresses, Waists and Millinery
$25.00 SUITS, $18.95
Lndios' Suite, mode of fine quality all-wool Sorgo, in brown, navy, Alico
bluo and block; neatly trimmed.   Begular $25.00.   Speciul $18.95
Misses' Novelty Suits, in black and whito check.   Special $11.50
Ladies' Man-tailored Suits—Eitra fino quality materials.   Speciul
at $22.60, $25.00, $27.50 und $82.60
(These suits are absolutely guuranteed fast colors).
Handsome Showing of New Spring Coats—In all the latest stylos,
ut  $8.60, $10.50, $12.60, $15.00 and Up
$12.50 SPECIAL $8.95
Twenty Only Ladles' New Spring Coats—In novelty effects.  Regular
$11.50 and $12.50.   Special $8.95
Just arrived, a handsome lot of New Billy Burke Dresses, which are
worthy of yoar inspection.
$7.50 SILK WAISTS, $3.50
We nre putting on sule tomorrow morning 50 Ladies' Silk Crepe do
Chine, TnlTotu und Satin Waists, in black und colors. Hcgulnr
$5.75 to $7.50.   Your choice $3.60
Easter Millinery in ondless variety to choose from, nnd at prices to suit
your purse.
Soe the values we are offering in Ladles' Trimmed Hate, at $3.50, $4.60,
$5.75 and $6.50.   We invite your inspection,
Broadway  Theatre
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday,
April 2, 3 and t
"The Heir to the
Broadway's Most Famous Success
Thursday and Friday
Special Matinee Friday, 2 to 6
$16 in Prices at 9 p.m.
Hobson's Market
Saturday Special, 500 lbs. Sausage @ 15c
This is equal to Old English Breakfast Sausage.
Try one order.
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, Ih... 26c
Slater's Streakey Bacon, lb. 26c
Slater's value Tea, lb— 26c
Slater's value Coffee, lb...: 26c
We deliver to all parts.
131 Hastings St. East   Sey. 3262
830 Oranvllle St.      Sey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1883
Hotel Canada
618 Bichards Street
(Near Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
During tho past term we have had an average of almost two
calls a day for office help. We have not been able to fill more
than half of them. Only yesterday wc had to refuse onc
worth $65 a month (female bookkeeper) to begin with, and
today (March 28), we have received a "future order" for
three weeks ahead, which we fear we shall be unable to fill.
"I am a Sprott-Shaw Student"
Pupils prepared in thc Sprott-Shaw way always succeed. Remember that merit always wins, and that the cheapest is always the dearest in the long run.
• Seymour 1810—330 Hastings Street West •
H. C. DUFFERS, Principal     R. J. SPROTT, B. A., Manager
The New Store for the
Wives of Vancouver
649 Granville Street  ,
Everything in Ladies'
Wearing Apparel at
popular prices.
Our store opens today
with a complete new
stock of everything required for outfitting
Our specialty will be
the popular lines of ladies' suits, waists, corsets and hosiery which
are ticketed at prices
within the reach of the
worklngman's purse.
We also carry a full
line of tweed suitings,
wash goods, voiles, silks,
Drop in and look over
our stock when passing
our store.
Strike Vote Shows Practically Unanimous Decision on Point
Men Feel That the Aldermen
Have Treated Them
LAST Friday night tho Civic Employees' union decided by a practically
unanimous vote to tako a determined
stand for securing from thc Vancouver
authorities a standard wngo of $3 per
day. A striko voto was taken at the
meoting, the result being tlie decision to
apply to tho Dominion authorities for
the uppoiiitment of a board of iuvcati.
gut ion under tho Lemieux Act. In connection with thiB matter, tho meeting
named its Business Agent, Mr, Victor
Midgcley, as the men's representative
on tho board.
Tho strike vote was not taken until
aftor the subject had boen fully considered and thoroughly discussed. Somo
of tho members considered, in view of
tho fact that already the eost of living
had advanced to such a standard that
a $'S wago was barely sufficient to
keep things going in a workingman's
household and that the price of supplies
was still mounting rapidly, that a stand
should be takou for a wage of $3,50.
lt was pointed out that by tho time a
board of enquiry had considered the
case, representations as to such a wago
could bo very properly be pressed. Tho
nieeting considered, however, that as
its demand on the civic authorities had
been made on tho basis of a standard of
$3 per day, tho representations mado
to Ottawa Bhould bo on that basis.
Employees Unfairly Treated
The civic employees feel that they
have been treated very unfairly by the
aldermen with reference to their request, for an advance of wages. The
position was fully explained to the authorities early in the yoar in order that
the aldermen might have no excuse as
to the matter not being presented before the estimates were fixed. The presentation showed conclusively that,
with the cost of living at its present
standard, it wus impossible for an ordinary civic employee to maintain his
family on the wages now paid.
Consideration of the request was
promised by tho aldermen bat, although
the men have advanced their claim several times in a pointed manner, nothing has been done. The aldermen, how.
ever, advanced their own salaries, as
well as that of the mayor, in the meantime. They were also fully cognizant
of the fact that at all points throughout tho province, the civic and municipal authorities havo recognized the
existence of similar conditions to those
prevailing in Vancouver and havo advanced the wages of tho meu employed
on city work.
Still, the Vancouvor aldermon did
nothing and the men, feeling that thoy
had done everything possible to settle the matter in an amicable manner,
have now decided to take a determined
stand for their rights. In this policy
they believe they have the hearty support of the ratepayers of tho oity.
Another question which will be presented to the board of enquiry is the
subject of the promotion from the
ranks to tho position of foremen, a
point on whioh tho men believe thnt
thoy havo a just grievance, ns shown
by the records of the cusc extending
over many years.
Leading Dress
and Suiting
Fabrics for Spring
Exceptionally Complete
Assortments in Wanted
Pure Wool Serges and
Eoxanas. Special $1.00
per yard; shown in serviceable colors.
Pure Wool Crepe Cloths,
roxanas, armurcs, also
plain and novelty mohair
suitings. Special, $1.25
per yard; complete color
Pure wool Pandora Cloths,
roxanas) serges and gabardine, also mohair suitings
in plain and novelty effects. Special, $1.60 per
yard; complete range of
fashionable colors.   *
Pure wool Crepe Cloths,
duchesse cloth and French
serges. Special, $1.75;
shown in the new fashionable shades.
Pure wool Diagonal Suitings. Special, $2.25 per
yard; shown in splendid
range of dark costume
Pure wool Gabardines,
Persian cords, poplins ahd
armure suitings. Special,
$2.75 per yard. A large
color range to select from.
Sport cheviots in all the
leading high colors, per
yard; $2.50, $2.75.
Dominion Wide Movement
Planned By Machinists' Union
Passes Resolution on Subject
at. Mass Meeting in
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
Willing To Pay Standard Wage But
Object To Paying "Union" Scale
The word '.'union" in the resolution'
governing the standard wages to be
paid city workers employed in various
trades was a veritable "bogey man"
to the aldermen on Monday night. The
question came up on tho recommendation of the board of works that the
standard union wnge should be paid for
such work, and immediately some of
the aldermen pricked up their ears and
Yes, they wero perfectly willing to
pay the wages suggested. There was
no objection to that—but that naughty word, " union "—why, it would never do to write that word down on the
council minutes as applied to a wage
resolution. So, after a season of
"hemming and hawing," the council
roferred the matter back to the committee for tho insertion of stated information aB to the wage to be paid tho
workera of each trade. Information
on thiB point will'bo securod from the
Trades and Labor council, after which
the resolution will put on a "standard" dross in which apparel it will
probably givo moro satisfaction than
tho "union" garb it wore last Monday.
Membership of Union is Over 200 With
Organization Still Going On.
After maintaining an independent
organizntion for a number of years, the
city firemen of Seattle have decided to
definitely join the ranks of organized
labor and, a few weeks ago, wero granted a charter as City Firemen's Union
No. 15,4(12 by the American Federation
of Labor.
The independent organization of tho
firemen has already accomplished considerable for tho betterment of the
men's conditions, especially in tho lino
of the establishment, of tho two-platoon
systom now in successful working order in the Sound city. It wns realized
however, that the advantages of con.
Seattle and the international movement
wero such as made union affiliation do*
sirable. The new union starts oat with
Ivor 200 memberB, this representing
only the initial stage of organization
work, which is still being carried on.
Tho officers of tho union who have
already have been chosen are as follows: Platoon A: prosidont, V. C. Webster; vice-president, Frank Buettigon;
recorder, B. C. Wedekin; treasurer,
John^Motke; sergeant-at-arms, Ray
Wakefiold. Platoon B: president, Jack
Monahan; vice-president, Ray Stcr-
rett; financial socretary, W. N. Paris;
recording secretary, LoRoy Honry;
treasurer, N. A. Slownrt; flergfiUnt-at*
arms, Pat F. Durinn.
. A movement is now being carried on
I among the organized machinists of the
Dominion looking toward drastic action on thoir part should any steps be
taken by tho Dominion authorities in
connection with the policy of industrial conscription. Tho proposal which
is being taken up by the Machinists
is represented in concrete form ia the
resolution of tho Winnipeg loenls of tho
anion, as follows:
"Resolved that wo, tlio machinists,
specialists, helpers and their apprentices of Winnipeg and district, in mass
meeting assembled, do hereby pledge
ourselves to oppose any form of industrial conscription of labor:
"And, be it further resolved, thnt we
call upon our international officers and
businoss agents to be prepared to take
a strike vote to call u genernl strike at
the first signs of such act being contemplated:
'And, bo it further rosolved, that nt
any meeting held in the future on this
question, tho West should be represented."
Resolution Fully Discussed.
Tho above resolution wns passed at a
mass meeting of all Machinists' locals
in Winnipeg and vicinity, called to receive the report of Organizer, J. McClelland on tho conference of organizers and business agents of the union,
hold at Ottawa in January.
Tho meeting thoroughly discussed the
subject of the resolution bofore takiig
action thereon, tho entire ovening boing taken up on the consideration of
tho mntter.
The report presented by Organizer
McClelland covered a joint conference
of all the organizers and business
agents of Machinists' union, at which
general matters of interest to the workers in the trade were discussed. All
thoso attending the meeting were from
tho East, the western members invited to attend being unable to bo present owing to press of business.
Headquarters of Union Not Established
in Fender Hall.
The International Longshoremon's ns-
sooiation is now at homo in its now
quarters in Pender hall, at tho corner of
Pender and Howo streets, having moved
from its old home at 10 Powoll street
during the weok. While the now locution is not as convenient to the centre
of waterfront activities as was tho old
headquarters, it provides facilities for
accommodating thc membership to
much1 greater advantage.
We carry the largest and most
complete stotfk of
Men's and Boys'
We buy for cash, in large quantities, and from reliable makers, hence you are assured the best value the market affords.
Our staff is competent to render you efficient service at all
times.  '
Get into a pair of GOODWIN'S aOOD SHOES, and realize
Our motto—Honest Shoes at Honest Prices; men's and boys'
Distinctions   Among
Workers Leads to
Union Refuses to Co-operate with Plan
of Central Labor Body.
Last Sunday's meeting of Vancouvor
Typographical union was well nttendod.
President Benson occupied the chuir,
and all officers woro iu their places.
The question of nominating candidates to contest the coming bye-oloe-
tion in Vancouver wus introduced in a
communication from tho Trades and
Labor council, in which the 'unions wore
asked to name candidates'. Tho members did not appear to tako kindly to
tho idea, and no nominations wore
No cards wero dopositod during tho
past month, and one application for
membership was accepted at the meeting.
Mr. Arthur Jackson, who, sinco leaving Vancouver in 1913, has worked in
all tho principal towns on tho coast between hero and California, called at the
secretary's office this week.
Expression of Thanks.
Mr. F. H. Leavers of North Vancou.
ver, desires to extend, through tho Federationist, his sincere thanks to his
brothers of Pioneer Division tso. 101 of
tho Street Eailwnymen's Union for
their kind sympathy as oxteuded to him
during his numi. sad bereavement.
Apply for A. F. of L. Charter.
At the meeting of tho joint organization of tho locals representing the workers in tho metal trades, held Wednesday
evening, it waB decided to make application to the American Fedoration of
Labor for a charter as a Motal Trades
Wage Workers Must Stand
Together on Common
Soldiers' Wives' Mass Meeting.
A mass meeting of soldiers' wives
nnd dependents has been called for next
Monday afternoon, April 2, to be held
at the Hotol Vancouver, for the purpose of dismissing matters of immediate
concern to themselves, but in which nil
good citizens aro interested.
[By Rov. Charles Stelzle]
Everybody hates a snob. But the average snob-hater sees only tho chap who
looks down oa him—he scarcely ever
thinks of himself as ddspising the man
whom he regards as beneath himself.
Most of as think of snobs as rich people. Tho fact is, however, that there
are as many snobs among working men
as there are among the rich.
For example, in the avorage machine
shop there aro at least half a dozen
different grudes of society. Tho draftsmen—who regard themselves as semi-
professional men—feel that they aro
just a bit hotter than the pattern-,
makers who wear aprons instead of
coats while on tho job.
The pattern-makers considor themselveB a wholo lot better than tho'
machinists, becauso ordinarily they
woar white shirts instead of overalls
and becauso thoy earn about half a dollar moro a day.
And tho machinists havo a notion
thnt thoy aro hotter than some other
mechanics ln tho samo plant—although
they couldn't tell you exactly why.
And tho whole bunch of mechanics
despiso the common laborer. They decline to eat their lunchos in the samo
corner with him and when ho goes out
on a job with the mechanics ho iB
trcntod liko an inferior being.
The strange thing nbout it is that
the amount of money thot a man has
doesn't seem to be tho factor which
controls in the matter of making snobs.
The average clerk in a department
store regards himself aa superior to
both the mechanic and laborer. Ho
doesn't want to be known^as a "workingman"—not ho. He may got about
half as much money as a tiptop mechanic but ho has the notion that ho is
infinitely superior to tho mechanic —
although to turn out his work tho mechanic requires twice os much brain
power as mav bo necessitated in the
caso of the clerk.
In a little Minnesota town there are
threo women's clubs—one composed of
tho wives of engineers, another consisting of tho wivos of firemen and a third
made up wives of brakemen. It is absolutely impossible for the wives of
the firemen to join the club composed
of tho wives of engineers and ob for
the wiveB of the brakemen—thoy simply aren't in it.
Talking about " aristocracy" of labor, thero is a senso in which lnbor has
a right to bo proud becnuso it is producing something that is worth while,
instoad of grnfting on tho rest of tho
world—but this is tho only renson that
it has for calling itself better stuff
than tho parasites who live on tho labor of othors.
Any sort of aristocracy that causes
Movie Picture Operator Movies.
v Mr. H. C. Roden, ono of the popular
moving picture operators of Vnncouver,
who bas been working at Pantnges theatre for tlie past two yearB, is leaving
Vancouver to tako up work in his line
in Victoria. The nction menns tho presence of another good "booster for
unionism" in the Capital city.
A. J. Crawford Is a Come-back.
The popular official of the Sheet
Metal Workers, A. J. Crawford, blow
into town on Wednesday morning, after
a vacation of several months spent in
eastern Canada. He received a warm
welcome from his fellow workers, and
his arrival in Vancouver is timely in
view of the organization activity now
going on among the workers in the
metal trades.
Visitor from the Front.
Lieut, Rerinie, of tho, 1st Cnnndinn
Expeditionary force, who has beon at
the front for tho past two yenrs nnd
over, visited his brother, Mr. R. J. Ren-
uie of McKay during the pnBt weok, On
Wednesday evening the object of his
trip was achieved, when he was united
in marriage with Miss Brookes, of Vancouver, formerly of Toronto. The happy
pair left nt once for Toronto, from
whero Lie.it. Ronnie will ngnin proceed
overseas in a month's timo. Congratulations.
Detectives' Testimony
A boy arrested for a first offense
was so beaton and abused thnt he Invented a lot of false testimony rather
than meet that "200 pound fist with his
battered, face again." That is the
third degree which produces the CONFESSIONS that send mon to death.
That is why every citizon who may be
drawn on a jury should swear to himself that he will never believe a wotd
of testimony given by a policeman or
a detective. Somo duy this terrible
trnvoflty called tho third degree may bo
visited on you und yours.—Felix Shay
in "The Fra."
"Human Nature" is not responsible
for the war. It is a vast exhibition of
insanity, the negation of all ideas, moral or immoral. The problems involved,
if they hud concerned six intelligent
individuals, might have beon settled in
n fow minutes ovor a pipe of tobacco.
Yot the States havo sacrificed forty-
one million mon, in dead and wounded,
in two years. It was in the world of
State relations that the present war was
begun, und the disaster was the result
of the fact that tho States are organ'
izod us fighting units. The reason
that civilized individuals do not settle
their disputes by force is that thoy are
not allowed to carry arms.—L. P. Jacks
in "The Atluntic."
The jingoists "settle" the 'unemployed problem by sending the out-
of-works to dio on the battlefields.
When they aro all "at rost," the unemployed problem is "settled." Very
simplo logic. Do you get itf—Labor
one workingman to look down upon
nnother workingman simply because
ho happens to wear difforont kind of
working clothes, or because he earnB a
few cents a day less, or works half a
,day longer, or because he has a job
which compels him to do somothing
which most of ua don't liko to .do —
such aristocracy is a curse to labor
und the workors should bo ashamed of
Labor will never ndvanco as long as
a cheap snobbishness dominates the various groups that constitute tho working people.
Unionist Killed at the Front.
Advices havo been received from the
old country of the death 'at the front'
of Lance Corporal David H, Hood, formerly a member of Local 138, Pain,
ters and Decorators union. Mr. Hood
was an only sou and the old country address of his parents is given in the notification as 11 Wintou Place, Tranent.
Tenders for.Horses
The undersigned will receive tenders
up until 2 o'clock Tuesday, April 3, for
the purchase of eighteen horses. Tenders will be received for tho whole or
Tendor forms nnd any information re
quired may be obtnined at my office.
City Purchasing Agont.
476 Granville Btreet (downstairs)
We will fit you with a shoe,
guaranteed solid leather, either
for work or a dress shoe, from
•1.50 up.
Boys' solid leather hoots; overy
pair guaranteed to givo you satisfaction, from 91.90 up.
849 Hastings Btreet West
Bargains in
If you intend building
or repairing, take advantage of this sale.
Begular $2.25 for $1.18
Begular $1.10 for    64c
Begular $1.00 for    68c
Begular 00c for    64c
Begular 75c for    44c
BATHBOOM  SET—Eegulor $2;
for 11.08
Begular $1.15 for    68c
Begular 80c for.    48c
Begular 40c pair for  24c
Begular 35c pair for.  21c
Begular 30c pair for  18c
Begular 15c pair for      8c
Begular 10c pair for      6c
Begular $2.50 for $1.68
Begular $2.00 for $1.08
SASH FASTS; regular 15c for 8c
for   12c
16o, for     8c
regular 40c, for    24c
Begular I5o for      8c
Begular 20c for    12c
Begular 10c for     6c
Begular 15c for    8c
Begular 20c for    12c
Begular 35c for    22c
Begular SOo for    30c
WOOD BASF; reg. 75c for..   86c
Regular 05c for  38c
. Regular 50c for  28c
Regular 35c for  24c
Begular SOo for  45c
Begular 05o for   38c
Begular 55o for  32c
Bogalar 40o for  22c
for  42c
SAW HANDLES; reg. 40c for 22c
Regular 85c for    48c
Bogular $3.00 for $1.88
Begular $2.00 for $1.18
Begular $1.00 for    64c
Pacific Stove &
Furnace Co.
856 Granville Street
Sey. 1248
Wilson & McNeil
Painters, Paperhangers
and Decorators
1166 13th Ave. Eut Vancouver
Phone Fairmont 760B
Estimates given on any work in
our line.
N. B. — We eater to oat-of-town
trait >■ weU ai (or work la V«ncou-
ver. Write ai, ttatlnf jour ae.li tal
wt will elttie r°a.
■-.!...        'J ■■    ■     ■ '	


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items