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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 9, 1917

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Secretary Outlines Principal
Subjects Considered
By Delegates
Full Report of Proceedings
During Closing Days
- of Meeting
IN SUBMITTING this report of
the proceedings of the seventh
annual convention, the mem-
bership are requested to overlook
its abbreviation, as the present
finanoial conditions would not permit of a fuller report, but I feel
that if the officers in whose
hands it will firBt be placed, will
take the trouble to bring the salient points to the membership, that
it will not be in vain.
The outstanding features of the
i convention were, in my opinion, as
, follows:
Conscription and Registration—The
unanimous opposition to conscription
and registration proposals, which wore
considered as being only a prelude to
conscription, and whioh opinion is consumed by press reports of the doings in
the Dominion house, for, while there
were differences of opinion (not perhaps
very pronounoed) as to how we should
oppose aU conscription proposals, in the
last analysis, the convention waB unanimous as to Ub opposition.
Political Action—This vital question
was ono that was felt could only bo
dealt with by submitting samo to the
j affiliated membership,    while those at
the convention may have definite ideas,
[ it depends on the rank and Hlo as to the
| ultimate outcome of any proposals that
thoy may have decided upon, and one
) of tho fcaturos of the Federation has
boen the consultation of tho membership on vital questions by tho medium
of tho referendum.
Legislative Programme — Tho outstanding feature of this programme is
tho desiro for tho establishment of a
provincial department of labor, with a
responsible minister in charge, along
with tho enforcement of the presents
acts in force as to lubor's protection.
Another evil that was attacked was
tho leaving of the interests of the returned soldiers and thoir dependents 4o
tho care of charity, and the urging of
tho government to take care of these
from the genoral revenue of the country.
Tho Federation went on record as be-
ing of the opinion that the executivo of
tho dominion Trados CongresB were deserving" of censure for the violation of
the expressed opinion of the last convention as to their opposition to regis-
I tration, which tho executive violated by
1 asking all workers to all in and sign
the registration cards.
I    Tho Bight-hour Day—Tho convontion
was unanimous on this question, nnd tho
j executive instructed to make tho ques-
I tion a live issuo in tho province ns was
I it also on othor proposals to establish
minimum wage in tho mining indus-
try, one of tho (chief causes for thiB
action being the Asiatic problem in tho
idnas and othor industries.  JuBt ns we
are opposed to the men who scab on the
job, so are wo opposed to tho Asiatic
and for no other cause—a purely economic reason.  In othor words, the Caucasian race cannot live on tho same stan-
I dard of living as can tho Asiatic.
Electoral Reforms—This question be-
(ing ono of the mOBt vital, it waB givon
every consideration. The convention
was unanlmoas in its opinion that the
need was very urgent whon discussing
oposal, and that wo should fight
*..—  \.ntnrn tho country
for   a  Teieruiuiu.u   »    -
was saddled with any proposals as to
conscription. It was pointed out that
! the majority of the men most interested
were disfranchised by their continual
migration aftor tho elusive job under
the present acts, and the executive was
urged to mako the representations as
adopted by the convention.
laopieu uy  m« «»""—.' ,     ,    ,     .
Labor Press—This important topio
was woll diflouBBed, and the eiecutive
urged to outline and carry out somo
plan to supply evory member of the affiliated membership with a copy of The
Foderntionist each weok. Tho executivo will in tho very noor futuro submit a proposal to tho affiliated membership that will tond to thiB ond, but the
resultB will depend on that membership.
General—Many othor problems woro
raised, none being slighted, and evory
attention was given by the delegates to
this convontion to the issues that at
this time confront us. Tho seventh annual convention wub, to say the least,
one of the most serious, and one of the
most constructive gatherings of labor
ithat haB been held for flome time. With
'the co-operation of the membership,
iand their support, both financial'nnd
otherwise, good is bound to oome from
Resolution by Del.. Midgley—That the
ncoming executive be empowered to
lubmit a referendum on tho question of
Raising the per capita tax in order to
arry out the purpose of resolution No,
0, if deomed advisable. Concurred in.
Resolution by Del. Irvine—That The
'odorationist be run in the interests of
tabor, as represented by unions affiliated with the provincial Federation.
\mondmont by Del. Goodwin—That
vhonevcr a Btrike is on, in any part of
ho country, the editor use Ub influence
n support of the men on atrike. Both
esolutlon nd amendment tabled.
I Convention adjourned until Thurs*
|ay at 9 a.m.
Convention called to order by Presl-
ent Naylor at 0.20.
BOa a oueBtion of privilege, Del. Mc-
ety called attention to an erroneous
port In the Calgary Morning After*
,n In eonneotios with the convontion
aetion on the president's recommendation for genuine national service. The
secretary was instructed to wire the
publication a correct atatement on the
subject and request publication.
On a question of privilege, Del. Phillips objected to the wording of a convention roport in the Vanoouver Province to the effect thot the Fernie miners approved of registration. He asked
that it be recorded that he had made no
such statement.
Ways and Means oommlttee.
Del. Parker, chairman of the ways
and meana committee, reported as followa:
1. Per Capita Tax—That the tax for
general purposes remain as at present.
An amendment proposed by Del. MoVety that this clause be referred to the
incoming executive wu carried.
2. Affiliations •— That International
unions which provide for locals being
affiliated with central bodies, be urged
to instruct their locale to affiliate with
the Federation.   Concurred in,
ii. Duties of Vice-presidents—That
vice-presidents endeavor to have the
locals in their respective districts affiliate with the Federation, thus performing their full duty and aiding the Federation's finances; that thoy organize
unions wherever possible and present a
report as to conditions in their districts
at tho annual conventions.    •
Amended to provide for a monthly report to the seoretary as to their activities, thua providing for immediate action, and resolution as amended concurred in.
i. Secretary's Salary—That provision bo mado for paying secretary at
the rate of $30 per month for the past
year, the same salary to prevail for the
ensuing year.   Concurred in.
5. Janitor's Services—That $10 be
granted for this item.   Concurred in.
6. Thanks—Expressing the convention's appreciation to the mayor of Bevelstoke for his efforts to make the visit
of the delegates pleasant, and also for
the free use of the eonvention hall.
Amended to include the local trades
unionists connected with the eonvention
arrangements and concurred in.
Beport of Resolutions Committee.
Resolution No. 34—Submitted by M.
Martin of Nelson Miners' union: Requesting legislation demanding the use
in mines of appliances for preventing
the escape of dust in boring or drilling
Concurred in.
Resolution No. 35—Submitted by J.
Naylor, Cumberland United Mine Workers: Providing for a referendum voto
within 30 days as to the Federation entering the political field.
Concurred in.
Resolution No, 30—Submitted by M.
Martin, Nelson Miners' union: Calling
upon employers to contribute ono per
cent, of thoir gross earnings to Red
Cross and Patriotic funds nad, if this is
done, advising workers to make coutri*
butions ou tho samo basis.
Tho committee reported unfavorably
on this resolution. In tho discussion it
was stated that workers were being in*
timidatod in .connection, with payments
to these funda.
The eonvention action on the subject
wns to condemn the compulsory system
of contributions for tbe funds mentioned, and to call upon tho Dominion authorities to provido for soldiers and
thoir depondonts, rather thn leavo thiB
work to charity.
Tho report of tho committeo on resolutions, ns a wholo, was adopted.
Opposition to Conscription.
A resolution on tho question of conscription was preseated by the executive, as follows:
"That conscription be not put into
effect before it has been submitted to a
referendum vote of tho people of Canada, and that the executive is hereby
instructed to utilize all possible means
of publicity and oducntiou to this ond.
An amendment was presented by Del.
Yates stating that any plan for military
conscription muBt bo approved by a referendum vote of the people and that
government conscription of the means
of production must preoedo the taking
of this vote.
On a roll call Voto, the amendment
was defeated and the resolution of the
executive concurred in by a vote of
Convention adjourned until 2 p.m.
City Authorities Withdraw
Request for Control
of Licenses
Shows Value of the Workers
Uniting on a Trades
Union Basis
lln VlfoeonWr \
V   citr p.eo ) J
The value of workers being united
under the flag of tradeB unionism for
the protection of their members against
unjust regulations, was shown on Wednesday, when as the result of a protest
by the local of the Moving Picture Operators' union, the Vancouver eivie authorities withdrew an application to
the government which requested city
control in the granting of license for
operators of moving picture machines.
On Jan. 1, new provincial regulations
went into force providing operators'
licenses, valid anywhere in tne province, being granted by the provincial
authorities after examination by a
board. The operators fought for this
legislation, and one of their * number
was included on the examining board
for the Vancouver district. Recently,
on the request of the city electrician,
the aldermen formally asked the pro*
vincial authorities to exempt this city
from the regulations and have the operators eome under civic control.
The executive of the operators' union
promptly got busy and worked up such
a case as made their appeal for the
withdrawal of the request as mado the
aldermen to promptly accede to their
The statement of the operators showed
plainly that the granting of operators'
licenses was not properly handled when
the city controlled the field, ono operator having worked for a year without a
license. It was shown that the city had
no facilities for examining tho operators, whilo tho provincial authorities
had a complete equipment, and tho in-
advisability of eity control was fully
City Electrician Fletcher put up a
plea for hiB recommendation, but in thc
faco of the cuse the operators had presented, tho aldermen promptly withdrew tlieir previous request for city
Hud it not been for the organization
of the operators, the mon, acting as individuals, would probnbly havo been
unable to present their caso in sueh a
way as to win in such a decisivo man-
U So, Workers Should Immediately and Effectively
If, for pay-triotlc or uy otker
reuon, tke provincial government bu tke nerve to re-impose
tke pernicious poll-tax, Tke Federationist ku ao hesitation ln
suggesting to tke organlied worker! of tke provlnee tbat they Immediately refuse to stand for any
"voluntary*' contribution to tke
patriotic fund, whether ln tke
form of pay-roll deductions or
not. It's about time the profiteers did their bit Tke worken
have done more than tbelr share
up to tbls date.
Recruiting  Officer Voices
Aspirations of Labor
Soldiers to Be Returned to
Conditions Existing
Prior to War
tatements   Reflecting
Firemen Not Substantiated at Inquiry
ofl Officer Beaters for 1917,
tected at the Meeting.
Convention called to order by Preal-
dent Naylor at 2 o 'clock,
The report of tlie wnys and means
committee was adopted as a whole,
Tho convention decided that, subject
to the executive dealing with the question of finances, a delegate be sent to
the September session of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada. The
names of Dels. J. Naylor, A. Ooodwin
and A, 6. Wells were presented, Del.
McVety and McKinnon declining aB nominees. On the vote, Del. Wells was
chosen as the delegate.
Subject to the same provision as to
flnancos, Del. Kolly was selected as
delegate to the Washington Federation
of Labor.
Del. McVoty briefly reported on the
recent convention of the Washington
convention, which he attended in An individual capacity, being recognized as a
fraternal delegate.
The selection of the place of the next
convention resulted in the choice of
Vancouver, on a ballot as follows: Vancouver, 17; Victoria, 13; New Westminster, 2,
Vice-president MeVety answered a
number of questions in connection with
the operation of the Workmen's Com- i
pensation Aet, the enquiries and replies
being of great practical value, A vote
of thanks was tendered Vice-president
McVety for his instructive exposition
of the act.
A resolution introduced by Del, Kelly
was passed expressing thanks to the
outgoing officers, and advising that the
new officers consult with them on projects taken up.
The incoming executive was asked to
confer with the Vancouver Trades and
Labor council along the lines of The
Federationist being owned exclusively
by the Federation, report to be made at
the next convention.
On resolution the convention was declared adjourned sine die, President
Naylor stating in his closing remarks
that he would do all in his power to
build up the Federation and promote
the welfare of its members,
At the meeting of the Vancouver
Theatrical Federation, composed of the
local unions, whose members are employed in connection with the operation of theatres, the following list of
officers was chosen for the coming year:
Presidont, J. Bundle of Musicians
union; vice-president, J. B. Foster, and
secretary, A. 0, Hansen, of Moving
Picture Operators' union; treasurer, A,
N. Harrington of Stage Employees'
union; sergeant-at-arms, W. Euper, of
Musicians' union.
Formal Request Is Made to
Council to Establish
Two Platoons
"BUI" Nagle's Advise aud Voice no
Longer in Evidence ln Local
Labor Circles,
The ranks of organized labor in Vancouver will suffer a Iobb during the
week when W. J. ("Bill") Nagle
leaves the city, after a residence of 21
years, for Taeoma, where ho will make
his homo in the future. Mr. Nagle has
been a centre of influence in trades
union movements here for many years
as business agent of the Paitners' and
Decorators' union, president of the
Building Trados council, delogate to
the Trades and Labor council, etc. His
blunt and pungent advice, as well as
dry humor, will be missed greatly at
labor meetings hero, but wherever he
goes, "Bill" can be trusted to turn up
with some straight-from-thc-shoulder
views on the labor movement. His departure from V ancouver will be viewed
with genuine regret by local trades
unionists, who wish bim every success
in his new location.
Open Forum Meeting.
Mr. W. R. Trotter will address the
meeting of the Open Fornm in the
O'Brien hall at 2.30 next Sunday afternoon on "British Columbia and the
Asiatic," Br. Lyle Telford occupying
the chair.
Boxing Bouts and Concert Programme
Furnish Enjoyable Entertainment.
Tho memberB of Blectrical Workers'
union, No. 213, engineered a very successful smoker on Monday ovening in
the Labor Temple, the programme including a number of boxinp contests, as
well as a series of concert numbers of
a high order of merit. There was
good attendance, and all present voted
the affair a great success.
Tho principal boxing bout brought
out two old V. A. C. champions, Len
Stephons, former bantamweight cham-
fiion, and Stanley Clements, former
ightweight champion of B. C, meoting
in a fnBt four-round bout.
Other four-round bouts were provided by Jack Smith und Billy Walsh, and
a foathorwelght bout given by Messrs.
Greonwoll and Morgan, both being to a
Refreshments were served after
which the concert programme was
givon, the following taking part: Step
dancing, by Messrs. D, Houston and A,
McCulIough, and vocal selections by
Messrs. Don. Greer, Sam McPherson, F.
W. Welsh, M. Gerrard, Billy May, Gordon Black and Barney Salmon.
The smoker was the first social even*
ing which the boys of 213 have run off
for some time, bnt It was so successful
that it is probable another evening of
tho character will be arranged for the
near future.
Judging from the evidence forthcoming at the first session of the enquiry
concerning the Vancouver fire department, the statements made as to the
firemen loafing and stealing at the
Wood, Vallance & Leggatt fire will fall
to the ground because of the lack of
any real basis for the allegations. This
means that tho firemen have been subjected to public criticism, that the character of tho ontire force has been attacked, and that the men have been obliged to "dig down" to provide fundB
for legal representation at tho hearing,
all without any definite ground for the
statements reflecting upon them boing
produced. It would seem, unless something new develops at the adjourned
hearings, a public apology Bhould be
made to the firemen, and that restitution is forthcoming to them for tho
trouble and expense they have beon put
No Detailed Support By Witnesses,
Efforts made at the initial session of
the enquiry last Friday to secure specific charges against the firemen wero unavailing, and the investigation proceeded along merely general lines. As far
! ns the firemen were concerned, tho
statements as to neglect of duty and
theft were unsupported in any particular aa to detail, the witnesses by whom
it was expected to prove the charges
falling down utterly when it came to
making any definite statement which
could be followed up.
The greater part of the investigation
covered the point of tho efficiency of
the fire department. On this question
the firemen have already taken a definite stand along tho line of tho working hours now required of firemen boing
such as to militate against the securing
of the highest possible degree of efficiency from tho department, and the provision of a forco of experienced men
who look upon their worlt as a porma-
net field of employment.
Request for Two-platoon System.
In accordance with their expressed
opinions, the firemen have requested
the civic authorities to include tho two-
platoon system in thoir programme for
this year's work. Owing to the investigation now in progress, they did not
support their application by arguments
or facts, but requested a conference on
the subjoct after the enquiry wob
closed. The aldermen acted on the request by laying it over until tho investigation in progress was concluded.
Convention   of   Farmers'    Institutes
Would Debar Orientals from
Owning Farms.
At the meeting of the advisory bourd
of fnrm institutes, hold in Victoria on
Wednesday, a recomendation was sent
up to tho provincial authorities for legislation which would prevent Orientals
from acquiring title to agricultural
lands in British Columbia, The discussion in connection with tho question
showed the general opinion of the meeting to be that it was highly advisable
that the agricultural resources of the
province be developed by white labor.
" nadian people have stood perplexed
and distracted at the dividing ways of
some great national policy, uncertain
which road to choose in those grave
matters of Btate policies that are alleged to have such fateful influences on
the future welfare of the nation, she
never has been without some great and
masterful statesmen to step forward
and boldly enunciate the true course to
be pursued. Each political party of na-
tional prominence points with pride
{chiefly at election times) to this, that
and the other figure of some now obscure and half-forgotten chieftain who
at the critical time has boldly made
plain the inward beauties of tbe political faith that was in him, and valiantly
and with much self-sacrifice has fought
the false doctrines of opposing parties
and with unerring judgment, pointed
out the true path and led the nation
safely therein, thus frustrating the evil
designs of false leaders whose blindness
would have utterly wrecked and ruined
us and left the nation forever mired and
lost in the morass of political and economic error.
New Leader Arises.
Such an occasion and such a leader
has but recently arisen in the political
destinies of this country, without excit-
ing any othor attention from the
thoughtless citizens of this domain than
a half-column report "buried" on the
inside page of a local morning daily.
Perhaps thia was due to the obscurity
of the community in which this auspicious event took place. But those who
aro disposed to scoff at the name of
Chilliwack should remember what the
ancients used to say of Nazareth.
Tho place, as We have intimated, was
Chilliwack, the occasion was the meeting of the local Conservative association, and the person who so distinguished himself was Lieut.-Col, Taylor, M. P.
The latter gentleman is evidently, one
of thoso "popular" recruiting colonels
to whom we have had occasion to refer
in recent editions of The Federationist.
He was ono of those self-sacrificing
pnrty members who was picked by a
discerning department of militia to recruit and boll-wcathor a battalion at a
time when it did not matter whether
tho officer commanding had any military
qualifications or not, becauso thore were
plenty of recruits offering anyway. Of
one thing Tho Federationist feels sure,
and that is ho could not by any moans
belong to the squad of useless senior
officers who havo been fighting booze in
ease and quiet in England, and basking
in the reflected glories of a uniform
whose honor and dignity was bought
at the expense of the blood and lives of
real men. Perish the thought! He is
of a calibre far different from such as
these. It is a tribute to the insight and
ability of our Conservative government
that this overmastering genius was not
lost to us by being sacrificed on Europe's battlefields or allowed to waste
in obscurity and association with that
other useless trash to which we havo ro
ferred. Hia political acumen and foresight have happily been preserved in
order that he might shed the light of
his guidance on what is conceded to be
the greatest problem—economical and
politicnl—with which this country has
yet hnd to grapple. That question, as
we all know and concede, is what provision is to bo made for the welfare of
the rotumed soldiers, when the empiro
no longer needs their sorviccs to maintain bv force of arms tho great principles of equity, truth nnd justice, upon
which this Empire is founded, and in
which ahe ao excola as to make any further progress on thoso lines almost unnecessary.
His Wonderful Plan.
In order that Mr.*—beg pardon—
Licut.-Col. Taylor, Bhall have full credit
for his original und profound solution
for tbis national need, we give it in his
own wordB as reported in tho body of
the article, and reiteruted in bold bend
lines of tho Nows-AdvortiBor:
stage of capitalism wrecked and unworkable beeause it bid come to ita
logical end, you wilt have good reason
to remember. . The nightmare of those
starving, hopeless times wu stamped in
many a memory so deep that the blaze
of the present world war eannot obliterate it. And those men and their dependents, when they hear of this solution for their troubles, think you how
pleased and delighted they will be. How
their hearts will fill with gratitude toward their home eountry and its beneficent government which has made auch
prevision for them. How triumphantly
they will be able to refute the disloyal
suggestions of certain traitors who have
hinted that onee the soup of victory
wu eaten by our capitalist muters, the
spoon of Labor's service and sacrifice
would be forgotten and left unrecom-
And what a flash of genius it wu to
Announce this great policy just at this
time, just when the Empire needs re*
oruits for its armies. Those slackers
and laggards who have hitherto held
back because of discontent at a government whieh they claimed made flsh of
the willing workers and flesh of the armament contractors, will flock to the
colors, because their reward Is thus
made certain and assured. This policy
fits so well the history and policies of
the Conservative party, that we have
no doubt it will be instantly recognized
by itB national leaders and given the
prominence in their party platform,
whioh they always give their tree poll*
cies concerning the welfare of the peo*
|1.50 PER YEAR
Modesty of (Mnlus.
There is one thing that the distinguished author ot this new policy seems
to be not quite clear upon, and that is
as to how the costs of this method are
to be borne. But it is here that his innate modesty shines out in spite of his
naive attempt to hide it. It is apparent
to even the most unthinking and uncal-
culating that to the working out of this
master idea there will be no expense
whatever, or at any rate none that
could not be borne by the beneficiaries
themselves from out of the surplus they
bave acquired in war times as compared
to their status in ante bellum days.
Advance Will Cover Period from Not.
22 to Expiry of Working
Press reports state that the dispute
between the coal miners and operators
in District 18 has been temporarily Bottled. The bnsis of the settlement provides for the men securing an increase
of 9% por cont. over their present
wage, the increase to cover the period
from Nov. 22 to the end of March, when
the presont working agreement expires.
It is stated that the governmont has
guaranteed the operators that the advanced cost of production will be secured from the large consuming companies.
Claims for Injuries During
Latter Part of Last
Year Questioned
Lawyers Believe the Old Act
Covers All Cases to
End of Year
SUNDAY, Feb. 11—Musicians;
Stage Employees.
MONDAY, Feb. 12—Electrical
Workers; Pattern Makers; Am.
Engineers; U. B. Carpenters,
No. 617; Bro. Loco. Engineers;
Street Railwaymen's Exec.
TUESDAY, Feb. 13—Pressmen;
Stone Cutters; Barbers.
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 14—Stereo-
typcrs; Street Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, Feb. 16-Trades
and Labor council; Main.-of-
Way Employees; Steam Shovel
& Dredgemon; Longshoremen
(benefit concert.)
FRIDAY, Feb. 16—MolderB;
Civic Employees; Granite Cutters; Railway Carmen.
SATURDAY, Feb. 17—Bakers.
"With regard to helping returned soldiers and dependents of soldiers who did not return from tho
war, ho considered that pensions
wero not adequate, but that ia addition they should be put back into
the same position ns they were in
beforo tho war, and that tho cost
should be borne by tho whole community."
How Inspiring this is; what "a consummation devoutly to be wished," and
withal how simple and easy of performance! When ono stops to consider it,
how utterly lacking the most of ub are
in that width of vision and farsightedness that we all know are essential
qualities in the characters of all great
political loaders. If it wero not ho, any
one of ub might havo hit upon this solution, and by inadvertontly oxprcsfiing
the same, have leaped at onco to a
high pinnacle of prominence in tho estimation of our fellow citizens. But it
was evor thus. Mediocrity nevor waa
able to forestall tbe original mentality
of such ob ho, and even if it had, such
a jewol of wisdom would havo gone unrecognized because of itB shabby sotting**. It takes a distinguished personage like tho colonel to command the
serious consideration of tbe unthinking
populace when tho real policy to be
pursued is enunciated, and the truo
path mado plain.
Those Oood Old Times.
Return them to the condition thoy
were in before the war. Dear rouder, do
yoa remembor those times and those
conditions f Of course, you must. If
you are one of the many who survived
the   '' squeeze''   of   that   particular
Subject WiU Probably Go to Arbitration and Union Names
The working agreement of the Vancouver local of tbe Stereotypers' union
expired, and the employees recently put up to the employers an advanced scale of wages and alteration of
working conditions which they desired
to be covered by the new agreement.
Tho employers refused to meet the
demands, and as there appears to be no
likelihood of the parties coming to an
nmicable understanding on the mntter,
it is probable the controversy will go to
arbitration. The stereotypers have selected Mr. Moses Cotsworth as their representative on tbe board.
Winnipeg Employers Propose 10 Per
Oent. Decrease in Overall Factories.
The garment workors employed in the
overall factories of Winnipeg were recently informed by their employers that
thore would be a reduction of wages
when the present working agreement
expired in the near future, the proposed
scale bringing down the wages to the
scale prevailing in eastern Canadian
The workers had already prepared n
draft proposal for the employers, which
contemplated an advance of 10 per cent
in wagea as part of the new agreement
on account of the high cost of living,
und it is thought tbo employers have
given their notice in order to offset this
Tho officials of tho union stato tbat
under no circumstaaces will the workors agree to the reduction and that they
will stand by their demand for an increase.
Request for Better Working Conditions
Is Presented to City Council.
The Winnipeg city firemen are making an appeal to the elty council for tbe
alteration of their working conditions,
such as would reliovo them of the unjust hours of duty now demanded of
them, thoBO being about tho samo ob
now prevail in Vancouver.
The Winnipeg firemen are partially'
organized, but both union and nonunion men aro joining in the demand.
The justice of the request was recently
presented to the aldermen by Mr. R. A.
Rigg, M. P. P., in connection with a
defence of the right of the firemen to
organizo, concerning which a question
had been ruined. The council referred
the point of organization to tho Are
chief, and the union officials to settle,
merely stipulating that arrangements
should be mado whorobv all disputes
should bo settled by arbitration, and
that no paid agent should act for the
A novel claim, in whieh workingmen
will be keenly interested, was put forward during the week in the supreme
court. On an application for the appointment of an arbitrator under the
old Workmen's Compensation Aet, the
application being flled Dee. 80, Ur. W.
M. Griffin put in the objection thnt
there was now no machinery whereby
the courts eould aet on claims under
the old act on which an award had not
been made before the close of latt year.
Mr. Griffin stated that the old Work*
man's Compensation Aet was repealed
Jan. 1, when the aew aet went into
force, and that there wae now no machinery under which the arbitration
could proceed. Chief Justice Hunter
reserved decision on the point in order
to enable him to look closely into the
matter. He gave informal expression
to the view, however, that it certainly
was not intended that such hardship
should be inflicted upon workingmen.
Old Act Should Apply.
Vancouver lawyers who are accustomed to handling cases under the Compensation Act, state that they believe
tbe old act will be held to cover all
cases of claims for injuries suffered
prior to January 1, and all proceedings
in connection with such cases. Otherwise an injustice which no court or
legislature would sanction, would be inflicted on persons injured during the
latter part of last year. In the case
argued before the chief justice, for instance, the injuries were suffered last
October. It would be manifestly unfair to have payments on this claim
made from the fund created under the
new act, the assessment for this purpose being based on claims for injuries
inflicted after Jan. 1. On the other
hand, it would be just as unjust to deny
the claimant the right to the special
provisions for the protection of workingmen covered by the terms of the old
Remedial Legislation, if Necessary.
The point made by Mr. Griffin is far-
reaching in its import as, If It is held
valid, it would mean that all the cases
now in process of adjustment under the
old net would automatically come to an
end without adjustment because of the
lack of machinery under which they
could be carried on.
Tho decision of the courts on the
point will be watched with interest, and
should the claim of Mr. Griffin be upheld, it is probable that legislation correcting the situation and restoring tbe
right of action under the provisions of
tho old act for all cases of Injury occurring bofore the cIobc of last year
will be passed at the coming session of
the legislature.
Proposal of 6 Fer Oent. Increase Ie
Now Being Considered By
the Men.
An offer of a five per cent, increase
for day men and the readjustment of
wages for yardage men nas been made
by the Canadian Collieries, Ltd. to its
coal miners on Vancouver Island, The
men have referred the offer to a committee for the working out of details,
whon it will bo further considered, as
well as the question as to whether the
terms will be covered in a signed agreement or maintained in the ordinary
courBe of events.
Serious Illness of Mrs. Fred Hoover.
Tho wife of Fred Hoover, vice-president of tho Trades and Labor council,
and the popular business agent of the
street railwaymen, was taken to the
General hospital on Wednesday, suffering from a severe attack of pneumonia,
Whilo she is in a critical condition,
everything that medical attention and
care can do is boing done for her.
Local readers of The Federationist
will join in the expression of sympathy
to Mr. Hoover while bearing the burden of anxiety he is now under.
Owners of Winnipeg Packing Houses
Made Effort to Wreck Union.
The strike of tbe workers in the Winnipeg packing houses, noted in The
Federationist of last weok, was duo to
tho efforts of tho omployors to wreck
tho men's union by discrimination,
Aftor over 30 mon had beon laid off,
for no other cause than that they were
members of tho union, and the men's
representatives could*obtain no satisfaction from thc employors, it was decided to declare a strike, the only weapon loft tbe workerB. On tho call, over
450 mon walkod out, a large number of
non-union men being Included.
Ono of the results of tbe strike was
to grontly increase the membership of'
the union, over 65 new men being enrolled during the first few dny». The
Winnipeg Trades and Labor council has
taken up the men's cause, and will assist them financially if the need develops.
Claim Its Assessments in Workmen's
Compensation Act Are loo High.
The Vancouvor civic authorities have
decided to enter a formal protest to tho
Workmen's Compensation board, as to
the assessments demanded, covering the
vnriouB classes of city employees coming under tbe terms of the new Compensation Act. In this protest they
will bo joined by the authorities of the
municipalities adjacent to tho city.
Tho assessments vary according to
tho risk, running as high aB 5 per cent,
in the case of policemen and firemen.
The groBS amount of the assessment for
the year will, according to tho city's
claims agents, be far greater than the
city has ever paid out on this account
in the past although, according to thla
official, such claims have beea generally
adjusted in a manner satisfactory to the
injured employees.
\        - PAGE TWO
FBIDAY February 9, 1917
... 54,000,000
Household -Banking
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
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Puid-up capital    5,000,000
Reserve Fund     6,500,000
Oorner HaBtings and Cambie Sts.
Published every Friday morning by the B. O.
Fedorationist, Limited
Office:  Room 217, Labor Temple
Tel, Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:   $1.50 por year;   in Vancouver'
City,   $2.00;   tn  unions   subscribing j
in a body, $1.00 i
"^rkpuesentTtives     -"-"-"-'i
New Westminster W. Yates. Box 1021 ]
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A.  S. Wells. Box   1688
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   wd
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
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2337 MAIN ST. Pbone: Fair. 447
are among the trade unionists of
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Many complaints that yoa do not
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othen do not hear yon, are possibly
due to Improper methods of speaking
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The heat results are obtained when
ths ltpa are very clots to tht telephone. Removing the lips ((rom the
telephone has the aame effect as
lengththenlng the line then In use.
Out-of-toim Union Hen wbo visit
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Tbe Labor Tempi*
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Pick out a spring suit nnd get it
properly made, union-mnde, combined witb right trontmont.
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2:46, 7:20, 9:15      Season's Prices:
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Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
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ask for
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"Unity of Lahor: the Hope ot the World"
FRIDAY February 9, 3917
FROM  FIGURES compiled by the
census and statistics office of the department of trude and commerce, it
appears that the tiverngo wages of some
450,311 wuge-oarners in Cnaudn for tho
year  1915  wan
THE WEAKNESS * 4 i»«.    Thia
OF THE means     about
LABOB MOVEMENT (43 per month,
or $9.50 per
wook. Now there may have been ii
timo in the history •,_ Canada when
$9.50 por weok might have been considered very good wages, due to tho
fact that Buch a sam would then have
ied a far greater purchasing
power than it does today. But with
prices as they are during these days of
war, it is a veritable marvel how the
average wage-earnor can maintain a
family upon such a miserable pittance.
It becomes still more marvelous in view
of the findings of the department of
labor, as set forth in a pamphlet recently issued under the authority of the
Jiinister of labor. It iB therein set
orth, aB the conclusion of tho depart
ment, for the aame yoar, that $61 per
moath, or $736 per year, wns actually
necessary to properly supply a family
of five with food, fuel, lighting and ren*
tal, to Bay nothing of clothing and other
things that are usually considered necessary.
* *       *
If the result of nil of oar years of
struggle as a labor movement haB as yet
brought ub no farther along than an average wage that, even by acknowledged
conservative authority, iB but two-thirds
enough to properly supply a family of
five persons with that part of the necessaries of lifo measured by food, fuel
and shelter alone, it would appear to be
time to look around and discover if
pOBsibte, wherein lies the weakness of
our movemont. For it must bc apparent to every student of the problem
that the labor movement is somewhere
or somehow weak. Otherwise a bett/r
showing would have been made. For it
is beyond question that numerically
speaking, the working claBB is far stron
ger than its constitutional enemy, the
exploiting class. And this numerical
superiority is becoming each day more
emphasized as tho economic mastery be-
comeB more completely mobilized in the
hands of fewer and more gigantic com
lunations of capital. Hence the weakness of the Labor movement must be
sought for in other directions than that
of mere numerical strength of the opposing classes in human society.
* *   .   *
Within comparatively recent times
there has arisen in the ranks of the
workers a disposition to take political
action nlong the line of working class
interests, aB distinctly opposed to the
interests of the exploiting class. ThiB,
in order to be fully nnd properly effective, implies a complete severance of
political affiliation with the capitalist
political parties. It means that the
workers shall set up their own political
movemont, with its programme based
upon working clnss intorests. It iB man-
festly clear that the workerB cannot
successfully carry on their economic
warfare against the exploiting class, ao
long as they allow the capitalists to
posscsB and direct the machinery of
government against the efforts of industrial organizations. So long as the capitalist interests are allowed to thus direct tho machinery of goverament, it
becomes a simple matter to thereby
nullify the offorts of the workers to
ease themselves of thoir burdons by improving thoir social and economic condition. No section of human society
can hold its ccomonic position in safety
and security so long as the powers of
governmont aro hold *,nd controlled by
adverse economic interests. Tho weakness of the labor movement is to bo
found in that lack of political foresight
that keeps tho groat majority of workors still chained to thc political chariot
wheels of thoir masters and exploiters,
As a result of this, evory uttempt nt
economic gain by tho workers iB oither
very neatly bowled over by the powers
of  government   at  onco,  or  later  on
emasculated and nullified.
#   *   *
There is a conflict of interest between
exploiter nnd exploited thut is irrepressible. It will not down. It cannot bo
ignored. It is permanent and perpetual
and will so remain ns long as human
society is thus divided into warring factions, battling and struggling ovor ma
torial things. But at nil times in tho
struggle tho advantage lies with tho
sido which for the momont controls nnd
directs tho powors of the stuto; the
governmont. With thoso powors arrayed ngniiiBt them the workers cannot
win; their masters cannot lose. Proof
of tbis is found in tho figures already
quoted showing that in spite of all our
boast of Labor's achievements and triumphs down through the ngeB, the average total remuneration, at least of the
Canadian laborer, is equal to but two-
thirds of that which tho offlce nf tho
minister of labor declares to be actunlly
necessarly to provide this laborer and
his family with food, fuel and Bheltor
alone.  And no one ever accused the de
partments of the Canadian government,
that are responsible, for the figures
quoted, of being either the agents of
the working class or unduly biased in
its behalf. But for pointing out to us,
inadvertently perhaps, some of the results of our weakness, these government agencies are entitled to our hearty
thanks. If we are not hopelessly dull
we will profit by the information and
cut loose from our servile loyalty to the
politicl machinations of the class that
lives and ruleB by the sweat and ignorance of the working class. When it
awakens to political consciousness, the
working class will become strong; it
will become invincible; it will conquer
all things.   But not till then.
possible exception of the president
of the American Federation of
Labor, and a few moro like him, knows
that the labor power of the working
man is a comodlty
THE BLAOK that is bought and
SHEEP IN sold in the market
THE FAMILY. just the same aa all
other commodities,
and that its price is determined by the
same circumstances and conditions of the
market that determine the prices of
other commodities and wares. But even
there still seems to bo some
constitutional attribute, trait or
weakness peculiar to this particular commodity that causes its
price to lag behind all the rest when
prices genorallytend to rise and to gallop well in the lead when prices aro on
the decline. It seems to be somewhat
of an erratic member of the ancient
and honorable tribe of commodities or,
as it wero, a black sheep in an otherwise staid and well-behaved family.
* # *
According to the labor department at
Ottawa; food prices in Canada advanced
more than 25 per cent, during the year
1916. In other words, the consumer of
food would, nt the end of the year, be
able to obtain but four-fifths as much
for the same amount of money ns he
could have obtained at the beginning of
the year. Now this heavy advance in
price would not altogether spell disaster
to the fortunate participant in the tremendously accentuated profits that are
nccruing to patriotic investors in munition plants and ' similar healthy and
luBty "war babies," but it surely approximates closely to a severe solar
plexus blow to the recipient of the meagre stipend that iB vouchsafed in the
form of wages to tho slaves of industry
in thiB "Canada of oarB," as a just recompense for their toil and sweat. An
advance of 25 per cent, in tho price of
food, without a corresponding advance
in wages, is equivalent to a 25 per cent,
reduction in wages, that is insofar as
the expenditure of wages for food is
concerned. It would not, of course,
apply to the expenditure for other
thingB than food, the prices of which
might have remained stationary. To
the average wage-earner an advneo of
25 per cent, in the price of food is a
serious matter. Will any ono assert
that there has been n corresponding ndvance in wages—thn price of labor-
power—during the period mentioned!
That there have been small advances in
some lines of work, none will dispute,
but that any appreciable increase has
obtained in wages, taken as a whole,
may be most emphatically denied.
* *      ♦
The roason given for the increased
price of food is the "scarcity of grain,
breadstuff's, vegetables and fruit, and
dairy products, eggs and livestock were
greatly affected by feed shortage."
Now we are not aware that thore has
been any particular shortage of crops
in Canada during the last year. We
have heard of large purchases of grain
and other foodstuffs having beon made
for foreign account, and we have por-
UBed very interesting and boastful government accounts of a heavy "favorable balance of trade" for the past
year, much of which was made up of
foodstuffs shipped abroad. Perhaps this
largely accounts for the "scarcity"
that caused the riso in prices. Still it
Beems strange that such should be the
case, in view of the fact that in spite
of tho very large quantity of labor-
power thnt hns been exported from
Cnnada to the war zone during tho last
couplo of yonrs, thero has boen no np*
prociable advance in the price of that
particular commodity. Wo ore aware
that there is frequent complaint of tho
scarcity of labor, but tbat should deceive no one. That is always tho squawk
of thoso who wish to purchase From
their viewpoint, there could never bo
a sufficiently plentiful supply. The
more of this commodity in the market,
the cheaper it would be. And that is
tho measure of heaven upon earth to
the purchaser of that clnss of goods, as
well as to the purchaser of all other
• '-*■•
The plain fact of thc matter is that
the commodity, labor power, is always
cheap. The productive power of labor
has become so great, owing1 to tho har-
nossing of tho forces of nature to do
the bidding of man and thoreby multiplying the result of bis efforts, that the
labor of one workman is quite sufficient
to support a very considerable number
of persons besides himself. This enables a large number of people to do nothing but ride around on the back of
the working clnsB. As tho workers have
no control over tho means whereby they
work, i. e., the resources and tools of
industry, tbey are compelled to Bell
their lubor powor as a commodity to
those who do hold control of the means
of production. Out of tho utilization of
thiB labor power comeB forth all other
commodities, including such as if set
aside for the use of the working mnn
himself, will actually reproduce the
lnbor power that has been expended.
No other commodity possesses the at
tribute of being able ^o reproduce itself
throjgh the process of being consumed
and at the same time bring into the
world new values several times greater
than its original value. Because of thiB
it becomes the basis of ull commodity
production, and must always remain
cheap for the very simple reason that
ho long as there remains upon earth a
single person, and the production of
commodities is to continuo, there ia sufficient labor power available to completely glut the market with goods, and
tho exchange value of labor power can
never rise under such circumstances.
In the difference between the exchnnge
value of that person's labor power and
that of the commodities he produced
would still be found the same mathematical impossibility that is now driving
the capitalist world headlong to irretrievable bankruptcy and ruin under an
already staggering load of capitalization and other credit flimflam and subterfuge.
* * *
Labor power is the bluck sheep of the
commodity family, because of its uncanny faculty of not only being able to
reproduce itself, but to actually multiply its original vlue by bringing new
values into existence. All other commodities remain doud and inanimate
things, The commodity, labor power,
is always alive. It can and does move
from place to place of its own volition.
All others have to be convoyed by some
forco outside of themselves. They are
all alike in this respect. They are all
dull and commonplace, utterly incapable
of voicing either Bentiment or emotion.
Not so with labor power. In its living
embodiment it really looks and acts
quite human, but this is accepted as an
optical illusion by careful students and
observers. In reality it is merely the
black Bheep in an otherwise staid and
well ordered family of bourgeois respectability.
T IS EMINENTLY meet and proper
I that we of the common herd should
sit at the feet of statesmen, Bages
and   philosophers   and    h'.iinbly    yet
gracefully partake of those rare crumbs
of wisdom that they
THE are so well qualified
PERSPICACITY to administer unto
OF GREAT MEN. us, even as divine
providence blessed
with manna the wandering .Tews in the
wilderness. True it is that most of
these worthies have obtained the bulk
of their stock of knowledge from books
written by other equally wise ginks,
and not either from hard knocks in the
school of experience or from the exercise of any powers of observation upon
their own part. But as knowledge thus
obtained has always passed muster as
tho real education, and we have always
been taught to look up to the possessor
thereof as a being of superior clay and
worthy of o-ar most sincere admiration
and respect, it Beoms almost an insufferable impertinence to even suggest
that much of that which has passed
and still passes for wisdom and profundity upon the part of our so-callod
great and wise men, is little better than
the veriest trash when it is once compared with the actual facts of life as
transpiring from day to day right under
our noses and before our eyes.
*      *       *
There has boen a lot of gush and guff
unloaded recently by alleged statesmen
nnd other wise ones about peace and
the establishment thereof upon a permanent and lasting basis. All of which
indeed sounds very nice and seems so
simple ond easy that unsophisticated
souls are led to fancy that it can be set
up merely by a twist of the wrist upon
the part of perhaps one or two of the
wiseacres of the earth, once they become so inclined. Columns of verbosity
have been recently unloaded upon us
who sit at the feot of wisdom enthroned
in high places, over the utterances of
one of the elect-—President Wilson of
the United States—in regard to peace,
sweet peace, for which all the world is
now longing. At least we are told that
such a longing exists, although the racket in Europo could scarce be considered as conclusive evidence thereof. Some
of that verbose commont hoe boen laudatory of Mr. Wilson, and much of it
haB been condemnatory, even to the
point of violence. Did either President
Wilson or his critics possess the prudence and foresight to indulgo in anything like a careful scrutiny of a few
self-evident fncts that He uncovered
bofore their very eyes, that is if they
have eyes with whieh to seo, we might
havo boen spared tho columns of affliction ulreudy reforred to nnd given, say
a column or a column und a half embodying at least somo grains of worth.
> *      *      *
Probably neither Wilson nor his critics would deny thut human society is an
organism that has its origin and its
period of growth, development nnd
eventual decay and death, just like any
and all other living things. All things
that live aud grow, and in growth alono
is found the evidence of life or the expression of lifo, are in a continual condition of change. Nothing in life remains stationary. All is change, continual change, and always in the direction of the extension of the orgnnic
powers, a more complete and higher development, a more perfect organic
thing. And whon that growth can no
longer go forward, when the living organism can no longer add to its stature
And itB powers, the period of decay sets
in. Struggle as it may to hang on to
life, its doath is inevitable. Thnt
which canont grow must die. In the
course of its life period, It stands,to
reaion that an organism will use all of
its powers to brush aside such obstacles as may chance to fall in tho pathway of its growth and development.
That it will be absolutely ruthleie and
without scruple in  thus  clearing its
I Fits
Insurance a—
690 Bldarji stmt     Bar. tiSl
path, goes without saying. It must bs
so or there could be no such thing as
growth and, consequently life would be
an unthinkable thing.
* * *
-From its primitive beginings Bome-
where way back in the ages thnt have
passed, right down to the present moment, human society has been struggling onward and upward, just like all
other living things. Change has always
followed change, merciless and 'Jnde*
viating in the great process. During
recent centuries, because of man's rapidly acquired mastery over the forces of
nature, the growth and development of ln tae provincial house. And right well
human society towurds a highor civili- does Brewster and his follow political
zation has been so rapid that the noces-  Pygmies know it.
sary changes iu  the  social structure '—	
have not always boen ablo to keep paco      *■ J"""' union affiliated iwth the B C
with  the  economic  development  thnt  J*edol'ot*°n of Labor?  If „0t, why n'otf
made  those  changes  imperative,  nnd      The figures nt th*. a   .   i*
force, ruthless and without mercy, often  vote is |iven as folta'Fo^coleHn
" J "k-" u~ --~"-~ "" —l   Hon> 40>00°; against, 106,000   No S
ther comemnt is necessary.
is not altogether an Ajax. Ajax defied
the lightning. Brewster seems to lack
the nerve to defy "Jim" Hawthonrth-
waite. The miners of Newcastle district may well make a note of this. It
is a pretty good indication that they
are making no mistake in supporting
"Jim" Hawthornthwaite for the seat
oxproBBed itself by effecting tho requisite change regardless of cost. As Marx
says, "forco is the mid-wife of progress. '' Such violent but necessary
change in the adjustment of the political garb of the social organiBm is now
being made in Europe, with the balance
of the world practically standing agape
wondering what the row is about, and
prattling about peace "when thore is
no peace," and whoro thore can be no
peace until tho advance guard of civilization shall have strangled and sloughed off that survival of the middle ages,
whose very presence and ''kultur''
have long since become a crime ngninst
all that is good and worthy in that
civilization. That the feudal survival
of central Europe is a crime against
modern civilization is amply proven by
its history during the years leading up
to this conflict and its conduct since.
It is the same sort of a danger und
crime against civilization as is a tumor
in the human body to the individual
whose life cnn be Baved only by cutting it out. And all the wars that have
been fought iu human history have bad
the same cause lying behind them. And
there is no more justification for crying
peace now, than there was in doing so
at the time any previous wnr was
fought. Thore can be no peaco until
the patient (human society) hns been
freed from the particular clutch of tho
claw of reaction and crime thnt makes
peace impossible and death inevitable,
unless that hold bo broken. No part of
tho world can remain either politically
or economically behind tho balance,
which in turn implies tho maintaining
of a lower cultural level, without forcing upon itself that which will inevitably overtake it. It must come up
abreast of the rest or the very logic of
events will compel it to do so. And
that logic will come in tho shape of
blind force from the outside if it be
not accomplished from within. Tho self-
preservation of human society will impel it.
* # *
Nations and individuals mny term
themselves neutral in the present scrap,
but let them not delude themselves.
Thoy ennnot be neutral. They must be
oither upon the side of modern civilization, as typified by Bolgium and Franco,
who received tho first terrific onslaught
of medieval savagery, or thoy must bo
upon tho side of the medieval savagery
that struck the blow. The neutral is
one who has neithor eyes with which to
see nor ears with which to hear. To
him the different stages of human society are merely the result of schemes
concocted by designing tricksters, and
wars are brought about by rogues for
their own amusement or personal gain.
In his eyeB this war has no othor basis
than a falling out between two bunds
of either weaklings or rogues, who can
be induced to kiss and make up if somo
wise guy will be good enough to explain away thoir misunderstanding. The
perspicacity of neutrals in general is
almost as noteworthy as that of many
of our greatest statesmon, some of them
in high places.
tint and third Thursdays. Exncuflvo
board; James H. McVety, president; Fred A.
Hoover, vice-president; Victor R. Midgley,
general secretary, 210 Labor Templo; Fred
Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill. statistician; sergeant-at-arms, George Harrison; A,
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, F. Haigh, trusteed
fit**"™?0, TRADB8 COUNCIt-
President   J-VL¥m^   ln   th"   ™n£
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No, 678.—Office,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets first
Sunday of each month. President, James
Campbell; flnanolal secretary, H. Davis, Bos
424; phone, Sey. 4762; recording seoretary.
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main atreet.
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tusdays in the montb.
Room 205 Labor Temple. President, L. X.
Herrltt; secretary, S, H. Orant, 604 Georgia
Meet 2nd and 4th Wednesdays, 8 p.m.,
Room 307. President, Cbas. F. Smith; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnail, Box 68;
financial seoretary, W. j. Pipes; business
agent, W. B. Dagnall, Room 215.
The Bethlehem Steel Co. put up a terrifically weird squawk because th
United States government awarded u
shell contract to an English firm, and
then to soothe its outraged and lacerated feelings, declared a dividend of
200 per cent.
Now is the time for wage-workers to
organize. Tho need of it will bo mudo
more apparent as the days go by.
So long as it is possible for employ'
ers to coin profits out of the war, it is
fit and proper that wage-workers go
ufter more wuges and improved working conditions.
The French parliament is now consid
eriiig a bill to take over all mines in
tho country within six months. The
buildings, equipment nnd existing material are to be paid for in bonds, and
the government is to henceforth opcr-1
nte the miinjs direct. It will now be i
loft to the future to repudiate the
The report has been circulated that
no more troops will be sont to Europe
from Canada, as it is expected that the
remaining strength of the Dominion
will be required to protect the United
States in case Germany deems it necessary to chastise "Uncle Sam" along
with the rest of tho world. The rights
of small nations, oven upon this Bide of
the witter, must not be lost sight of.
The Windsor Record cites tho caso of
the father of a Windsor officer, who hnd
mnde the supreme sucrificc, being compelled to pay the express chargos on bis
dead son's effects sent homo from the
front. The Record suggests that, "express prepaid, would be a lot more appropriate than 'express collect' in sending back the kits of soldiers who give
their lives for king and country." Possibly this is true, but the usual wuy of
replying to saeh criticism is to denounce
tho Record as being "pro-German."
In view of the present high cost of
living, tho Ottawa Citizen wonders how
"any government would dare offer a
married returned soldier a position at
$41.66 por month." And yet it would
appear that any governmont that Ib bo
recklessly devoted to tho gospel of
frightfulness as to persist in arming its
soldiers with the Ross rifle might be relied upon to possess the effrontery to
dare and do financially at least to the
extent referred to. Bat surely no one
would expect such a govornment to go
much above that.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third
Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, R. N. Myles; seoreUry. Frank Graham, 2250 Twelfth avenue
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. Pretident/
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue west:
seoretary, A. Fraser^ 1151 Howe street.
280. Meets evory Sunday 8 p.m., Room 210,
Labor Temple. President, Wm. Walker;
vice-president, J. R. Flynn; secretary-treasurer, W. A, Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Temple.    Phone, Sey. 74fl5.	
Pacific—Meets at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, business
agent. ■
—Meets In Room 20S, Labor Tomplo,
tivery Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W, MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording secretary, R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; financial
secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 38-52—Office and hall,
10 Powell street. Meets every Thursday ft
p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman; business agent, J. Mahone.
and fourth ti...«j
dont,   Wm*
patches, rumor haB it that the
bye-election in Newcastle district
will be postponed until nfter tho coming session of tho legislature.' It has
evidently     dawned
POLITICAL upon   the  politicnl
PYGMIES pygmies   thnt   now
SCENT DANGER, constitute the government at Victoria
that thero Ib much more than a more
probability that J. H. Hawthornthwaite
will be returned from thnt district
whenever tho bye-election is pulled off,
and having neithor political convictions
that can stund the test of scrutiny or
fuith capable of removing mountains,
these pygmies are evidently thrown
into a cold sweat of agony at the pros-
poct. They at least have sufficient intelligence to realize that Hawthornthwaite can neither be swerved from his
convictions by cheap flattery, nor bribed by the flesh-pots of political infamy
to betray his constituents and the faith
they have placed in him. As they pos-
soss no other moans wherewith to confound their political onemieB, and justify their own hold upon tho reins of
power, it is small wonder that they do
net relish tho possible presence of those
whose armor is invulnerable to Buch
* * *
That the bye-election in Alberni,
whero the return of the govornment
candidate iB assured, Ib to be pulled off
at once, speaks volumes for the courage
of tho prosent administration, as well
as throwing a valuable light upon tho
superior excellence of our much-vaunted
political Institutions. Where a governmont feels itself secure, it goes forward
with an election; where it is not certain upon that point, it courageously
postpones the matter until more propitious times. Premier Brewster may bo a
man of courage. We have heard it so
affirmed.   But it would appear that he
The gross earnings of the stenm rail
ways of the United States for 1916 was
$3,753,000,000, ond not earnings $1,-
1.1(1,450,000. ThiB latter sura represents
what the employees earned but didn't
get, It is the price they paid for tho
privilege of being slaves for one year.
Hurrah for King Capital. Long may
hu reign over us. But, what fools these
working mortals be, by gum. They
hnve all other kinds of fools beaten
that ever ambled down the turnpike of
time, And the most of them are blissfully ignorant of their folly. That is
the pity of it.
The mines of Arizona, Idaho, Mon
tana, Nevada and Utah paid dividends
amounting to $100,000,000 in 1016. This
represents what tho owners of these
mines got during tho year, for nothing.
It is in the nature of a reward of
merit for their remnrkable foresight in
obtaining tho ownership of industry,
and their commendable abstinence from
participating in its operation. Clever
chaps, those capitalists, and how in the
world could the workers get along without themf Thoy give them jobs, you
Secretary-treasurer P. M. Draper and
Vice-president James Simpson have
both accomplished big things for tho
Trades and Labor CongrcBS of Canada.
To Socrotary Draper belongs a great
deal of the credit for tho fact that most
of the international unions are today
paying tho per capita tax on thoir membership in Cnnnda, in the snmo manner
ns thoy do to the A. F. of li. But if
the policy of the federal governmont is
to bo tho discharge of labor union officials who dare to differ with thom, thon
there Is only one alternative for trade
unionists. Thoy must keep thoir officials freo and unfettered by any considerations whatsoever. Unfortunately
tho action of tho government at Winnipeg has raised this issue, nnd it
should be met.
Council—Meets second and fourth Tues
days of each month, In Carpenters' hall. Pre
sident. B. D. Macdonald; secretary, J, J.
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Rupert, B. O.
 ,  -.-.  «•—MEET8 SECOND
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m.    Presl-
 t-  «.  o jj.m.    rresi-
dont,   Wm.   Small;   recording  secretary,   J.
Brooks:   financial  secretary, J.  H.  MoVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7496.
tors' Union, Looal 348, I. A. T. S. E. *
M.  P.  M.  O.—Meets   first  Sunday  of each
montb, Room 204, Labor Temple.   President,
J. R.  Foster;  business agent,   "
financial and corresponding sc
Hansen, P. O. Box 345.
Sam Haigh;
crotary, O, A.
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meeta second and fourth Mondaya,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MoDongall, 601 Seventh avenne west; finanoial , aeeretary, J. Campbell, 4800 Argyle
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1612 Yew streot.   Phone Bayvlew 2808L.
188—Meets aecond an fourth Thursdays
of eaoh month, room 808, Labor Temple.
President, John MoMeil; financial secretary,
Geo.   H.   Weston;   recording  secretary,   Jas.
Wilson, room SOS.Labor Temple;	
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, seeond and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Prosldent, J. Hubble;
vice-president, E. S. Cleveland; recording sec.
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2S61 Trinity street,
phone Highland 168R; financial secretary and
business agont, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, office corner Union and Main streets.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday in each month, 8 p.m. President, Francis Williams; vice-president Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 509; financial seoretary, V.
Wood, P. O. Box 508.	
last  Sunday of eaoh month at 2 p.m.
President   H.    C.   Benson;    vlce-presjdent,
W- .R.. Trotter;
Veelands, P.'oVBoxTs!
■ocrejary-treasiiref,   r7
annual convention in January. Executive
officers, 1917-18: President, J. Naylor, Box
415, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vancouver: Jas. H. McVety, V. R. Mldgley, Labor
Temple. Victoria; J. Taylor, Box 1315. Van-
couvor Island: W. Head, South Wellington.
Prince Rupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 694.
New Westminster: W. Yates, 906 London;
street. Kootenay District: A. Goodwin, Bex
1 Crows NeBt Valley: W. B. Phil-
McPherson    avenue.    Secretary-
26, Trail.
Hps, 176
B. C.
A. S. Wells, Box"7588,"victoVla]
CIL—Meets flrat and third Wednesday, |
Labor Hall, 1424 Government street, at I
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887; *
vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1278 Den- |
man street; secretary, B. Simmons, Box 802, i
Victoria, B. O.
Victoria, B. 0. P. 0. address Box 02. Local j
union meeta first and third Sunday, 10 a.m.
Plaoa of meeting, Labor HaU, DeCosmos blk. *
President, J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; secretary, J. M. Amer, 1045 McClure street; business agent, 8. Cullum, pbone '1101R.	
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meats aeoond Sunday of eaeh month at 1*80 i
p.m.   Secretary, F, w. Jameson, Box 4S6.
Of America  ticbr
C0PTWI6HT 632*01 WHKBEflimniD nos 1
Voto  against  prohibition!    Demand  personal liberty ln choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Boer, I
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee thst It is Union i
Made. This is our Label
110*1. '
SOUTH_____________ V. I.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OF A.-
Meets seoond and fourth Sunday of each,,—-_-■_-_, __'-*_■"v..—.-»— ii" r~ *- ■
month, at 8.30 p.m., Richards Hall.    Proal-  *"» Terirtory. the Northwest Territories and.l
— -      *-    *     - ...  —     iVfln, j in a portion of the_ Province of British Colum-ll
Coal mining rlghta of the Dominion, In J
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Ajberta, the Yu-f
dent, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven; jln • Portion of the Province of British Colum-
recording secrotary, Jas. Bateman; flnanclal | Di8" m*? De lessed for a term of twenty-one
secretary, S. Portray; treasurer,^. H. Rich-1 •""•p" ftt Bn *nnnaI rental of $1 an acre. Not I
'more tban 2,560 a«rea will be leased to one!
applicant. J
Applications for lease mnst be made by thai
lies " '    *■ "*"" ' " ' ■
Jobbing Work a Specialty
Phono Sey. 180 and Boo. Bay. 77
1033 GRANVILLE ST., Vancouver
.. _   by t
applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-Age
of tbo district In whloh the rlghta applied 1
Kent I
ien oy sections, or tegai onDiuvisions ofl
ons, and In unanrvoyed territory thai
; applied for shall bo staked by the an-i
int himself. ■
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land mnst be do-1
scribed by sections, or legal subdivisions ofl
sections,   ""'  '   '—'' -   ■
tract app	
plicant himself.
Eaoh application must bo accompanied by I
a fee of fS, whloh will be refunded If thai
righto applied for are not available but not*]
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on thai
merchantable output of the mlno at tbe rat*
of five cents per ton. ,
The person operating the mlno oball far
nlsh the Agent with sworn returns account-i
Ing for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay tbe royalty thereon. If
the eoal mining rights are not boing operated L
snch retnrns ohonld be furnished at least onctfl
I year. Tr
The leaae win include the eoal minimi
righto only, bnt tho lessee may be permitted!
to purchase whatever available surface righti
may be eonoldored necessary for the worklnS
of tho mlno at tho rato ot f 10 aa aero.
For full Information application ahotld u.
mado to the Secretary of the Department olL
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Bobl
Agont of Dominion Lands, ™
_ .    2*l»n*T _9*_to*__*> *•>• Interior.   I
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thla all
.vsrtirwian* vttt not bo paid for—10890 -■M****^***************!!
PBIDAY February 9, 1917
Our February
Furniture Sale
which started on
Monday, February 5th
It ofters wonderful saving
__ iMiMWUffls   liW      am__ I saamiaa, tto*tt eanmatttntA
Granville and Georgia Streets
Capital $15,000,000        Best...  (13,500,000
Main Offlce:   Comer Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cm. Nrat Arena, ind Commerci.l Drln
EAST END Oor. Pender and Main Street!
FAIRVIEW Cor. Slitb Avenne and Granville Btreet
HASTINGS and CAMBIE Oor. Halting, and Oambl. Street.
KITSILANO Oor. Fonrth Avenne and Tew Street
MOONT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenne and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Fortr-tonrtb Avenne and Fraaer Road
Alio North Vancouver Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenne and Esplanade
Ye Cannot Serve Two Masters and Keep Your
Own Skirts Clean
Nominations for the Senate
Seconded and Fully
War Savings Certificates
$ 25.OO   for   $21.50
50.00     " 4-3.00
100.00   "      se.oo
JAN. 9. 1917
[By A Ouelph Delogate]
THE CONSERVATIVE government in power at present
at Ottawa has dismissed two
men from their employment in the
post office department at "Winnipeg because they publicly criticized the government's registration
Scheme. This is a direct interference with and an attempt to intimidate civil service employees
who happen to be prominent in
the organized labor movement.
The secretary of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada is also
an employee of this same government. Under the circumstances,
1 it looks to The Federationist as if
it was up to Secretary Draper to
resign either one position or the
other. Labor cannot afford to
have the shadow of suspicion cast upon
its national officials that they are possibly influenced in an undue manner by
such methods as the government has
resorted to. Particularly is this matter
of great importance just at this time
when the Congress executive is coming
in for much criticism with regard to its
stand on this same question that cannot
be said to be altogether unmerited.
Cannot Serve Two Masters.
The Ottawa Citizen of Jan. 18, made
the following criticism, which any independent mind must concede to be
quito logical:
Two Labor officials employed In the post
office servico have been suspended by direction of Mr. K. B. Bennett, director of nation'
al service, bocause of their active opposition
tn the Dominion registration campaign. One
nf the suspended Labor leaders ia Mr. W. H.
Hoop, of Winnipeg, president of the post office employees.
The rank and file of the trade union movement in Canada may foel inclined to resent
this form of punishment adopted by the government towards employees who openly oppose the government's policy. Mr. It. B. Ben-
ni'tt's notion, however, will not have done
harm, but good, If it causes organized labor
to take stock of some of its officials.
It should be plain to the ordinary trade
unionist that, as governments are run in
Canada, under the two-party system of patronage, the labor official cannot servo the interests of Labor with freedom and independence, so long as he Is dependent upon the
government for employment. When the governmont is adopting a policy contrary to the
polloy urged by tho Labor movement the
trade union official who is also an employee
of the governmont is confronted with the
tusk of serving two political masters. Organlied labor Bhould understand that the
Canadian government Ib a political master,
and will contlnuo to be so long as government positions are filled by patronage.
The official statement regarding tho dismissal of Mr, W. H. Hoop, frankly takes the
stand that, "being a governmont servant,"
he was "In a position different from other
labor men In Winnipeg who wore antagonistic
to national servico." In plain words, whilo
tho trade union leader is employed by tho
govornment he must not oppose the government policy, or he is liable to be dismissed.
Organised labor's answer should not bo to
revile tho government, but to set its own
trade union officialdom in order.
In almost ovory other enlightonod country
on the side of the Allies, Labor does not have
to take Its hat off to any political party.
Labor has its own political representatives in
tho legislatures of Oreat Britain, Australia,
Franco, Italy and even In Russia 1 Labor
must surely have something to contribute to
Principal repayable 1st October, 1019.
Interest payable half-yearly, lit April and ltt October by
cheque (free of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at
the rate of five per cent per annum from the date ol purchaie.
Holden of this etock win ha?e Uie privilege of surrendering
at par and accrued intereat, aa the equivalent ol cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan iaauam
Canada other than an ieeue ol Treoury Bills or other like abort
date security.
Proceeds ol thia stook are for war purpose* only.
A commiaaion ol one-quarter of one per oent will ba allowed
to recognised bond and stock broken oo aflotmenta made in
respect of applications for thia stock which bear their stamp.
For application forma apply to ttu Deputy Waist* ol
Finance, Ottawa.
OCTOBER Ttk, 1*1*.
the social and political well-being of thla
country, through its own elected representatives in parliament! The negative policy of
keeping "out of politics" and leaving the
Labor cause to backstair influence Ih, to say
the least, undignified. When, in addition,
some of its highly placed officials are actually enjoying comfortable government positions and, consequently, not free to tike a
stand contrary to the will of the party ln
power, the position of the organized Labor
movement in Canada Is bordering on the absurd.
Labor officials cannot expect both to enjoy
being on tbe government pay roll and at the
same time openly lead any labor opposition
to the government. Ur. It. It. Bennett's
drastic action this week may perhaps help
the rank and file of the trade unions to realise thla.
Didn't Have to Tell Him.
Replying to this editorial, Secretary
Draper, at a meeting of the Ottawa
Trdes and Labor council, termed the article a grossly erroneous statement, and
vehemently declared it was a small
piece of business for any newspaper to
take a left-handed crack at any labor
official who enjoyed a government position. He stated that ho had been in
the employ for over a quarter of a century, and had been in tbe Labor movement for the same length of time, and
he had not yet lived to see the day
when any politician had told him what
he shodld or should not do. He thought
as long aB an employee of tho government put in his time at whatever his
duties might be, nobody ahould have
the right to dictate whut he should do
in hia apare time.
This argument may be wholly satisfactory to the Ottawa laboritos, but it
is altogether unlikely if the whole body
of organized labor in Canada will stand
for the crude attempt to thus gloss
over and evade what ia a severe criticism to which he has no logical answer
but to step out of the office and put
himself right before orgunized labor.
The "Oood Fellow."
"Get a reputation for early rising,
and you can lie abed aB long us you
like.'' Let a Labor official acquire the
reputation of being a "good fellow,"
and he can hold office indefinitely, and
the more inactive and unobtrusive he is
the better are his chances of retaining
office. The men who have risen in the
ranka of organized labor to demand
progressive and virile actions and policies, have done so only at the expense
of great effort and sacrifice and fighting for every step forward they have
taken. Such a man was John T. Mortimer, a one-time official of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada. There
have been numerous examples of his
type in all forward Bocial movements,
both in and outside the ranks of Labor.
Do Not Bend the Knee,
Such men never degenerate into the
smug complacency of the inocuous office-holder. Their vision is too keen,
their sympathy for the wronged and
oppressed is too deep and abiding for
them to remain the contented recipients
of a comfortable salary contributed
from the dues of Btruggling workerB,
while the wrongs nnd disabilities of
Labor remain unrectifled. Their hatred
for the shams and hypocricies by which
the common people are cheated and deluded always keep them embroiled in
open and declared warfare with the
foes of the cause they are proud to represent. When a principle is at stake
they never heaitate to sacrifice either
themselves or their friendB to vindicate
that principle nor "learn to bend the
suppliant knee, that thrift may follow
Has None of These Traits.
Bat the auccesflful office-holder, especially in a Labor movement, never has
any of these traits. He never by any
chance is found advocating any new or
untried methods which may make him
enemies. He seldom espouses a side in
any controversy until he has well calculated that such espousal can do him no
great harm and may strengthen his
hold on office. No matter whnt momen-
tiious issue may arise calling for instant decision and nction by the official
heads of organizod labor, the mere ef-
flce-holder will dodge and turn aside
und temporize nnd evade until the
membership haB itself taken the initiative so that he mny gain his cue from
thom. And when he is confronted with
his dilatory conduct, who so full of
excuses and explanations as this aame
comfort-loving office-holder. The tnl-
ctita and mental offortB which true
workers put into the fight for advancement, nre consumed in Hia enso in keeping ever on tap and ready to be served,
plausible stories of the wonders he hus
performed in his long career at holding
down office.
Cause for Dismissal.
No wonder the mon who have braved
the sarcasm nnd abuse of even those
who Bhould hnvo helped them carry the
banner of Lubor, gnash their teeth with
fury when they behold the ignornuce,
incompetence and uttor lack of understanding which the careless and out-nf-
touch Raid Labor official displays when
dealing with questions of vital moment.
The man who has had to risk and dare
a grent deal in order to obtain a mere
hearing for the cnuse he believes in,
cnn appreciate moro thnn anyone else
the power that a body liko the executive council of the Trndes and Labor
Congress of Canada has to commnnd a
hearing mid compel attention. And
when that powor, which at best is
never strong enough to fully put forth
Lubor 'b demands, _ used, either
through stupidity or cunning intent, to
endorse without reservation or criticism such schemes as that put forward
as national registration, that in itself
should be enough to cause the impeucli-
ment und dismissal from offico of those
who actively lent themselves to it.
Bhould Pay the Penalty.
And why should not tho erring Labor
official pay the penalty thut the politician who guesses wrong always has to
pny? The bravest und best fighters in
tho ranks huve alwayB to pny tho full
penalty for every slip or oversight their
inexperience or rashness causes them to
commit. Their enemies ure always pro-
sent und ready to demand tho extreme
penalty for even minor errors. But the
high-up official can blunder and bungle
to no end und when Congress meets in
annual session it is doubtful if tho mutter is even brought up, und if it is, the
"good fellow" line of talk ia always
ready to sulve it over,
Courage and Manliness.
When Clem Stubbs found he wus
faced by a great deul of criticism in
District 18, U. M. W. of A., ho did not
adopt the tactics of the professional office-holder, but with a cournge and manliness that even his opponents admired,
resigned his office us president, stated
his position to the membership, and
went down to defeat on tho matters at
issuo in tho election which followed.
The west may not bc ahead of the east
in everything or even abreast of it
in some things, but it would be cheerful to hear of a caso now and thon
when eastern men showed an equal
spirit and desire to Btand for principle.
Such a lino of conduct, if it became
more genoral, might not conduco to 25-
year terms of office, but it is a safe bet
that thoBe who held offico would be a
littlo cloBor to the movement they re-
Insurance Companies Putting Up Fight Against
the Measure
Organized Labor Puts Up a
Strong Defense of Bill
At Meeting
Mr. C. O. ("Dad") Young, general
organizer of the A. P. of L., writing
from Boise, Idaho, to Jas. H. MoVety,
president of Vancouver Trades and
Labor council, with reference to the
Idaho Workmen's CompenBiitiou bill,
says in part:
'I ara sending you under another
cover a copy of our Workmen's Compensation Act, which has been introduced in the house of representatives
here. It is stirring up the animals, let
rae tell you.
"Some of the legislators are pawing
the air as if they had a mouthful of
hot porridge and some of them we have
interviewed surely have brain storm. It
would take many of them a year of
continuous schooling to understand itB
"The committee in whose handa the
bill has been placed by the legislators
held a meeting on Saturday night to
allow discussion of the bill, and, of
course, we attended. We just played a
waiting game and let others start the
ball rolling, and aB you said: 'True to
nature and running in Bplendid form,
were our private insurance company
friends, who got off in the lead. They
had picked a fellow to take up to the
cleaners, and he made a great job of it.
He accused us of borrowing our bill
from British Columbia, and told a lot of
things that he failed to back up with
facts. When I got the floor I was able
to show him up as a genteel liar, and
we had the time of our lives.
"I suppose you are attending the annual convention of your provincial Federation, but hope you will give the
measure I am sending the 'twice over'
and tell me how you like it. You will
find the bill iB much longer than the
one paBBed by your legislature, but we
had to attach so much underbniBh in
the shape of legal verbiage to make the
bill constitutional, which is the reason
it is bo volunminoua. We had a Bplendid meeting of the Idaho State Federation of Labor a week ago, and it laBted
from the ISth to the 20th. We had
every part of the state represented, and
the delegates were above the average in
their concept of the work in hand.
Trust you are in the beat of health and
spirits, and wish you would extend to
my British Columbia arid Vancouver
friends my heartiest greetings."
\i thefeb
Did Not "Favor" National Service.
Editor D. C. Foderntionist: My attention
has been culled to a nows report sont out
from Revelstoke to Canadian papers that the
convention of the British Columbia Federation of Labor "refused to adopt the recommendation of President MoVety in favor of
National Service."
This statement has already been corrected
from the floor of the convention, in so fsr sb
the Calgary Albertan is concerned, by a wire
signod by the secretary drawing attention to
tho error and asking for a correction. In the
president's report, nfter detailing the steps
that had been taken in opposition to tho programme of the National Service commission,
tho following paragraph appears:
"Naturally onough, tho government press
and some misguided individuals have caustically criticized the 'unpatriotic' stand taken
by the labor organizations, nvorlooking entirely the fact HirI the workmen of Canada
are quite willing to co-operate in ony Bchcme
of genuine national service, but refuse to he
a party to any arrangement by which the
governmont hope to turn large numbers of
workors over for exploitation to the profiteering manufacturers of this country, who,
whilo overy second or third homo In Canada
Is mourning the loss of some member who
haB lost his life in protecting tho property of
the plutocrats, aro wringing the hearts' blood
out of the Dominion for private profits. Admitting that state capitalism does not abolish exploitation, It is a process capitalism
must pass through and the workers would be
better satisfied if thoy know tho surplus
value was being used for the general good of
the nation instead of enriching a flock of buz-
znrds who fatten on the necessity of tho Empiro."
With this section the convention was not
in accord. Tho delegates apparently did not
favor any kind of '•national service," whether "genuine" or tho brand suggested by tfin
commission. Neither did they favor the suggest lon for tho conscription of wealth some
delegntes fearing that tho government might
conscript wealth and afterwards thereby Justify tlio conscription of men. while others
were positive that tho government would not
interfere with the predatory hordes who aro
fattening on tho profits from war contracts.
Out of the action nnd dlKctisslon on this
clAUsq, came the news item alleging that
"national service" was advocated by the
president, but, as can be seen from the section, no such course was recommended.
.1. II. MoVETY.
Letter of Appreciation.
Editor B. C. Federal ionist: Through
the columns of your paper, I wish to extend my thnnks to the officers nnd delegates uf the1 Vnncouvor Trndes und
Labor council for their confidence in reelecting me to tho office of trustee for
thc ensuing term, during my tompornry
absence from the city.
Jarvis, Ont., Jail. 29, 1017.
present nnd understand it much botlor
thun some do.
In u later editorial, the Citizen deplores the fact that Labor is without
representation in thc Dominion parliament, nnd nominates President Wat*
tcrs and Secretury Draper for vacancies
in the senate. The Federationist hns
much pleasure in seconding tho nomination. Here is an opportunity for the
Borden government to show that it can
riso above the party patronage system
by allowing Lnbor to utilize to some
extent tho political lumber loft heretofore held sacred ns a store-room for tho
venerable relicts of the party in power.
It !b somewhat of a reflection on tlie
originality of tho Labor movemont that
such a suggestion should come from un
outside source, but that fact docs not
detract ono bit from the excellence of
the idea. It would show a genuine appreciation on the part of the government of tho difficulties Lubor somo-
times experiences in solving knotty little problems that are so eusy of solution when one holdB the keys to that
harbor of refuge from political storms
—the Canadian senate.
Spencer's Is Headquarters
Stanfield's Underwear
wool; sizes 34 to 44.   Price, a garment ..$1.26
STANFIELD'S "BED LABEL"—Heavy cream wool underwear; size.
34 to 44.   A garment $1.76
STANHELD'S "BLUE LABEL "-Heavy eream wool, ribbed; size. 34
to 44.   A garment „ r $2,00
wool, in three weights at, grment _ $1.26, $8.60 and $8.00
garment at 1235
COMBINATIONS—In al) the above line, are available at twice the
price of .ingle garments.
NOTE—All Stanfield's gnrments are guaranteed unshrinkable.
David Spencer Limited
our own workers make
them, they surely are
Every dealer should
carry them, and you can
make them do it
You surely have a
right to insist on getting the Carhartt overall
Made in the factory
we are all proud of.
On the Entire
8th floorWorld Bldg.
This Year You WiU Buy a
Now that you have decided   here are reasons why you ihould buy from
Our interest doos not cease on making the salo.   After that our service
stntion will tako care of you.
Wo cnn assure you of thc best servico obtainable.   Our experts are
FOKD Exports.
If you have not tho cash, we will sell you a Ford on easy payments.
Wo will tako your old Ford as part pnyraont.
Call and lot us tell you how easy it is to own a FORD.
240-860 Kinkjway
Phone Fairmont 2730-2731
After the
A nice dainty little
supper easily and
cleanly prepared
No Coal to Dirty
You and No Fuss
A scratch of a match and a turn of
the tap and the fire's there
Carrall and Hastings 1138 Granville Street PAGE FOUR
Along line of P. 0. E. Bailway open park line landa. The Sneat mixed
fanning landa in the provlnee.
Oood water, best of hunting ud flaking. The settlers who have gone
la there are all boosters, at they are making good.
If you want to go back to th* land, writ*
Welton Block. Vancouver
Note New ADDRESS and PHONE of
Sole Agents for
Jingle Pot Coal
Phone: Private Exchange
1629 Main St.    Fairmont 2800
Pure MilkT" Union Labor
The milk supplied by this
daily iB pure in every sense of
the word.
All the bottles nnd utensils
used by this dairy are thoroughly
Our milk supply comes from
the Fraser Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
If it is not, call ap the
Hygienic Dairy
or drop a card to our office, 005 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlee:
Seymour 2988
Uptown Offlce:
Seymour 228
"Th* Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, fur-
nlahea m living to Km* forty odd brewery workers,
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Sal* at all Liquor Store* ln
The Daily Tasks Call
For Perfect Bodies
AND you can not hope to keep your physical condition up
to a hiffht standard unless your teeth are in good shape.
If your teeth have worn away you may have them replaced,
quickly, painlessly and with a minimum of expense. Crowns
and bridges are a specialty in my practice.
The teeth are reinforced on the wearing surfaces, strengthened with platinum pins, fitted with the best 22-k., 30-ga. gold.
Ptr tooth..
Tel. Sty, 3331 For A Fra* Examination.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Spedalist
V Cor. Sermour
to Ont p.m.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no nbatltit* for uy Royal Crown product*
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep Brltlih Colombia clem)
Social Committee 2\$a Whist Drive and
Dance on Evening of Feb. 16.
The regular meeting of branch No.
12, Federated Association of Letter
Carriers; was held in the Labor Temple
last Friday, the same old bunch being
Del. Knowlee reported on the Trades
and Labor couneil meetings, and Bro.
L. C. Carl re the war fund.
Bro. Sparrow, on behalf of the social
committee, announced that a whist
drive and dance Mil be held in the
Cotillion hall on Feb IS, at 8 p.m. An
admission of 25 cents will be charged,
the proceeds to be devoted to patriotic
A communication was received from
The Federationist, asking the branch to
subscribe in a body, and also to appoint an official correspondent. The
first request was laid over indefinitely,
and F. Knowlee was appointed correspondent for the year.
A motion to increase tbe monthly
d ues, caused considerable discussion,
and it was decided to leave the matter
in abeyanco until definite news re the
increase in wages is received. For the
benefit of the "let-the-other-fellow-do-
give-an-increase-in-wages'' members—
(and we have lots)—a, few reasons for
I favoring the increase of dues might be
interesting, as follows:
I The por capita tax to. headquarters
was increased at the Vancouver con
vention 25 cents per year per member,
the Trades and Labor council, (of which
this branch is a part) at the last meeting in January, voted in favor of increasing the per capita tax from 10
cents a quarter to 5 cents a month per
member, which means an increase of 20
cents a year for each member. All the
local members "serving with the colors" are being kept in good standing,
and their beneficiary assessments have
also been guaranteed by the branch.
This costs money. The present dues
paid by letter carriers to their union,
are smaller, according to wages received, than any other labor organization
on the continent. Furthermore, the
strength of the letter carriers organization does not lie in itself, but in its
affiliations with the labor movement,
and this can not be disputed, as the
facts are proven by experience. Then
why not help further, the movement
that helps you more than you help yourselves! Why not affiliate with the B.
C. Federation of Labor, as our Victoria
brothers have done, and follow out the
recommendations of our national executive, by subscribing in a body to the
official local labor publication J All
this will cost less than 5 cents a week
increnso in dues per member.
Consider these questions on their
merits. Come to the meetings and vote.
The next meeting will be held Friday,
March 2. But don't forget the whist
drive and dance on Feb 15.
Congratulations to the railway mail
clerks on joining the labor movement.
Maybe the postal clerks will wake up
now.   Nuffsed. F. K.
Canada seems to be about the only
spot loft within the Empire where it is
possible to make fat profits out of war
Sou-Van Milk
Should ie In tha home of every
Fair. 2621
Unique Corset
The Remit of Assooiating
Ourselves with the Beit
woman ever keeps in mind
two things when selecting
her corset. Her flrst
thought is of its smartness, and secondly its comfort. Our stock of corsets ably affords these essentials by reason that it
furnishes the best model
in both front and back-
laced styles. This corset
service has been attained
by careful study of all requirements and by giving
the beBt possible attention
to various details essential
in making our corset department of real value to
our patrons.
Take Advantage of This
Corset Servioe.
If you have experienced
difficulty in securing the
proper corset, or if you
believe that you could be
better suited, we would
be glad of the opportunity
to show you the various
makes and assist you in
making a satisfactory selection.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
fox Our Opening
SPECTACLES OB EYEGLASSES (and style) fitted with
the flnent quality periscopie crystal lenses, complete with examination.
Beg. value 47.00. 0Q.CA
Special price W** *rV
Professional Optometrist
Opp. More * Wilson
Proposed Advance of) 60 Oents Per Day
Is Now Being Considered.
The workmen employed on the operations of the Greater Vancouver Sewerage commission recently presented a
demand for an all-round increase of 50
cents per day, whieh would raise the
minimum wage to $3 per day. It was
represented tbat tho advanced cost of
living made the increase imperative,
and covered only a perfectly just demand.
The members of the sewerage board
offered a compromise which it is understood, would increase the minimum
wage to some extent and, to a lesser degree, advance the wages of men who
are now receiving over $3 per day. This
compromise was unsatisfactory to the
men, and the quostion is still undor consideration by the board.
Mass Meeting of AU Unions WIU Bs
OaUed Before Working
Season Opens.
Owing to inclement weather conditions, the meeting of the representatives of the building trades, called for
laBt Saturday evening in the Labor
Temple, was not well attended. The
question of the position to bo taken
by the various unions with respect to
wages and working conditions during
the coming season, was informally discussed, and those present will talk over
these matters with their respective
unions, following which a ntass meeting
of tho men will be called to finally
agree on an outline which will be followed by all.
This  particularly  applies   when
high prices prevail.
are alwayB the best, and in the
long run the cheapest.
Just now, leather substitutes-
pulp and paper—have gone up in
price enormously, and the cheap
boots—mado mostly of pulp and
paper—have gone up, too.
Who wants to py a high price
for pulp and paper in a pair of
Moralr-Bny LECKIE all-leather BOOTS and get what yon, pay
Promise   Favorable   Consideration   to
Appeal for Minimum of 93
Per Day.
An appeal for a minimum wage of $3
per day for the laborers engaged on
public work in New Westminster was
recently made to the city council, the
aldermen boing asked to make such provision when the estimates for the year
were framed. The request waB received
very favorably, and there appears to
be every likelihood of the demands of
the men being granted as, on motion by
Aid. Dodd, the council passed a resolution of favorable consideration, whieh
will again come up when the estimates
are framed.
Trades and Labor Council.
February 12, 1892
Meeting held in Union hall, Thomp
son-Oglo block. President Geo. Bartley presiding; F. P. Bishop, recording
secrotary. Fife Wilband and Albert
Barker (Tinners and Cornice Workers),
accepted as delegates.
Petitions sent by Geo. W. Dower, secretary Dominion Trades and Labor
Congress, to be signed and forwarded
to the federal government, on motion
were endorsed and sent forward to Mr.
Corbould, M. P., representative of this
district (New Westminster) at Ottawa.
President Bartley and Geo. Irvine reported that Lawyer J. Russell would
aet as counsel for organized labor at a
nominal retainer. Proposition endorsed.
The president was instructed to wait
upon the Machinists' union and ask
them to affiliate with the Trades and
I Labor counoll.
THURSDAY. February*, 19
Demands of Hen Are Conceded After
Conferences With Employers.
The strike instituted by local 194, of
the BoilermakerB, Iron Shipbuilders and
Helpers' union, was of short duration,
an agreement with the employers being
reached aftor a few conferences.
On the question of wages the men
won their point, the new agreement
granting them the Pacific coast standard wage of 56% cents per hour for
boilermakers, in place of the old rate of
50 cents, with corresponding increases
for other classifications covered.
On the question of hours, the men demanded a 44-hour week in place of the
nine-hour day. On this point a compromise was effected on the basis of a
48-hour week, the hours to be worked
as the men see fit.
A Safe Proposal to Make.
■ London, Ont., Trades and Labor council haB adopted the Regina resolution
dealing with the national political and
industrial situation, and nas ordered
that copies of it be sent to each mem'
ber of the federal parliament. Every
body of organized labor in Canada
Bhould get busy and use all legitimate
means to force the nationalization of
industry upon the government. Labor
need not fear to offer conscription for
nationalization, as the trade is well
worth while, and anyway there is littlo
likelihood of the war grafters letting
go of anything even in order to meet
us half-way.
The Liberal league has issued itB programme of addresses for February and
March, On February 8, President J. L.
Kerr and Dr. J. W. MclntoBh, M. L. A.,
will be the speakers, and on the 22nd,
W. R, Trotter will speak, his address
being "Britsh Columbia and the Asia-,
tic.'T J. Pitcairn Hogg and Dr. W. J.|
Curry will also deliver addresses.
"Tom" Sullivan of the Sullivan Taylor
Motor Oo., has juat returned from an extended trip takon ln order to keep him in
touch with the latest movements in the auto-
mobile world. His trip included Montreal,
New Tork, Chicago, Detroit and other large
centres, at all of which ho found good business conditions prevailing. He attended the
great automobile shows at Montreal, Detroit
and Chicago, where he inspected the many
new models, as well as made an extended
visit to the great Ford plant, where the line
locally handled by the Sullivan Taylor Co. is
manufactured. Mr. Sullivan reports that it
is believed that tho coming season will see a
greater demand for autos than ever before,
and the manufacturers will bo pressed hard
because of shortage of materials and difficulty of prompt delivery. He made personal
arrangements, however, while on the trip lor
the prompt filling of the demands of hla arm,
During his entire trip, stormy weather prevailed, and Mr, Sullivan was glad to got back
to Vancouver.   .
Phone Sey. 6183    1296 Granville
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
labor Templt Pram    Bey. 4490
IF it's a STEAK or a CHOP
-a FISH or a SALAD—
tbe plaoe to get it is at the
Leading Union
First Class Cafe
Directly Opposite the
Orpheum Theatre, Granville Street
Nabob Coffee la alwayi
of one quality anl tbat
the very best.
—aged for half-a-year after blending, this flne
coffee is always full-bodied, full-flavored and mature.   When ground
is packed full weight
in big air-tight tins.
ti CO., LTD.
Maken of
Nabob Pure Fools.
Suspect Your
Many functional disorders are due to malformed
eyes.   Prudence will suggest their thorough examination by our diagnosticians, as the first step towards
relief.  ■
Phone Seymour 4665
Seymonr 2381
XXX Earliest Tomato (vines loaded early)..'. pkg. 10c, oz. 50c
Beefsteak Tomato (enormous size) pkg. 10c, oz. 60c, 4 ozs. $2.00
Sparkler Radish (round red white tip) pkg. 5c, oz. 15c, 4 ozs. 40c
First and Best Cabbage pkg. 10c, oz. 30c, 4 ozs. 00c
Glory Enkhuizen Cabbage pkg. 6c, oz. 30c, 4 ozs. $1.00
Prolific Golden Wax Butter Beans 4 ozs. 16c, Ib. 50c
XXX Solid Head Lettuce pkg. 10c, oz. 25c, 4 ozs. 76c
Giant Prizotaker Onion (blackseed) pkg. 10c, oz. 25c, lb. $2.10
Extra Early Red Onion pkg. 5c, oz. 25c, 4 ozs, 65c, Ib. $2,10
Early Eclipse Beet (round blood) pkg. 6c, oz. 16c, 4 ozs. 40c
Cardinal Globe Beet ! pkg. 10c, oz. 20c, 4 ozs. 60c, lb. $1.60
Spinnach Beet (for greens) pkg. 10c, oz. 30c, 4 ozs. 80c
Chantenay Carrot (for table use).: pkg. 5c, oz. 26c, 4 oss. 65c
Snowball Cauliflower (gilt edge) pkg. 16c, 26c, 85c, os, $2.75
Paris Golden Celery (very best) pkg. 16c, Vi os. 60c, oi, $2.00
Early Premium Gem Peaa (dwarf) 4 ozs. 10c, lb. 35c, 5 lbs, $1.50
Select Yellow Onion Seta. Ib. 86c, 5 tbfl. $1.70
London Long Green Cucumber pkg. 5c, os. 16c, 4 oifl. 40c
Extra Enrly White Cory Corn (for table)....pkg. 10c, lb. 85c, 5 lbs. $1.60
Enrly Branching Asters, White, Pink, Crimson, Mixed ....pkg. 10c
Choice Spencer Sweet Peas (mixed colors) pkg. 10c, oz. 30c
4 ozs. for  00c
Order through yonr local dealer or direct from
1138 Homer Street Vancouver, B.C.
We can make immediate delivery on
Slabs, Edgings, Inside Fir
We have acquired ten additional teams for your
J. Hanbury & Co., Ltd
Fourth and Granville
Bay. 1076-1077
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthful, nourishing
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.


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