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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 27, 1917

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Were   Soldiers  Recruited
Under False Pretense
itl Canada?
t\. C. Sugar Refinery Adding td Its Evil Reputation—A
Modern Slave Pen Ruled by the Autocratic Spirit
of the Middle Ages—Its Owner now Hated by
all bids Fair to Retain the Distinction
Why Not a Judicial Investigation Into the Whole
THESE ARE days of investigations throughout all Canada.
British Columbia has something like a dozen of them, either
in session of coming up. The Federationist suggests that there has
been sufficient agitation and comment among the wives and dependents of soldiers, covering the
Canadian Patriotic fund',, to warrant a judicial investigation on
the part of the federal government. The News-Advertiser says
it is merely a question of viewpoint. The Federationist thinks
it is a question of evidence. Many
good people are of the opinion
that the Patriotic fund is not a
charity-fund. Others think it is a
fund voluntarily contributed by
its donors. The facts are otherwise. It comes in most part from
the meagre earnings of men and
women who are less able to pay
than the state. If it is not a char
ity fund, why is it administered as
such? There are many who believe
that thc government should at
once tako over and administer the
fund. There are others who seem perfectly satisfied to accept tho dolo und
thank heaven for the crumbs.
The Syatem at Fault.
The Federationist hns no particular
fault to find with tho local administrators. They are victims of circumstances.
But it does believe thut aU the agitation and misunderstanding arises from
the fact thnt the whole principle underlying the fund itself is absolutely
wrong. Why all the discrimination as
to amounts doled out, if (he fund is not
on u charity basist Are not ull the soldiers rendering equal service to the
country! Officers receive more puy than
privates. Yet, "in special cases" officers' dependents receive their quota
from tho patriotic fund. Soldiors may
not bc altogether termed wage-workers
while at tlie front. But the employers
of Cnmidu, with fow exceptions, nro
still guided by what is known ns business principles, i. o., get tlie monoy.
The larger tlio war profits the better
they liko it. Only working men arc expected to be influenced whole/ by patriotic motives.
Tbe Soldiers Want to Enow.
Who collects thc money for the Cunn-
dinn Patriotic fund, anywnyf   How is
THERE ARE EMPLOYERS and employers. All are bad. Some
are worse than others. And then, again, there are some so
infernally bad that they cannot be properly classified without
resort to unseemly language. It was much the same with the feudal
lords and chattle slave masters of the olden time. Different shades
of meanness were found among them. Some of them, however, possessed such pronounced streaks of human feeling and decency in their
makeup that they were often guilty of treating those over whom they
exercised authority, almost as though they were also human beings,
lt is even^so today. Some employers of labor, quite a number of them
in fact, look upon their employes as human beings, and not altogether unworthy of being treated as such. In fact, all employing
concerns that can properly claim to being officered by intelligent
human beings, recognize the right of employes to aet together in the
common defense of their material interests, and an ever increasing
number of such concerns are falling into line in the practice of
always dealing with their employes collectively in matter of wages
and other conditions of employment. While it is still true that the
employers have a tremendous lever of advantage over their employes in all disputes that may arise, due to the fact that they hold
absolute ownership and oontrol of the means of life, the recognition
by employers of the right of employes ,tb organize and collectively
bargain and arrange with their employers regarding the conditions
and circumstances under which they shall labor, shows a far greater
intelligence upon the part of sueh employers than upon the part of
those who still persist in the dull and brutal arrogance of the middle
(Ia Vinconrer \
Oltx 11.00  )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Mine,   Mill   and   Smelter
Workers' Union Now '
in Line
Retail Clerks' New Union
Meeting with Encouraging Success
The B, 0. Sugar Refinery.    . '
Tho Federationist has hnd previous
occasion to mako referenco to this
particular institution, that is ostensibly
conducted for the purpose of supplying
the market with sugar, but which, in
reality, is conducted for tho sole purpose of supplying the pockets of its
owners with cash, without cost to tho
aforesaid owners. In this, however, it
in no way differs from any other capitalist industriul venture. Thut the market is, perhaps, more or lesB effectively
supplied with sugar, is only incidental
to thc main process of making profit.
If tho profit could bo obtained without it, the consumers of sugar might
go to most nny old placo for their
sugar, without disturbing tho conBcioncc
of the sugar lords in the loast. In fact
they could not have any conscience und
hold down tho job of sugar lord. This
is so generally acknowledged in this
"neck o' the woods" thut everybody
despises the loeul sugar lord, on general principles. The person referred to
is B. T. Rogers, chief ownor and dap-
romo master of tho B. C. Sugar Refining
Co. Ltd. Not only does every ono
around hero hate him, including the
members of his own tribe of industrial
despots nnd proflt chasers, but this
sngilr-lord1- Itnffifr thnt thty" all - hnto
him, und apparently does all ho can to
put the immorhil cinch upon that hate
so that none of it can ever got away
from him. It thus seems that his acquisitive fuCalties uro not used for the
sole purpose of uccumuluting filthy
The Employes Revolt.
Numerous offorts huve beea made in
the past to orgiiniv.o tho employes of
the sugar refinery. They nil failed in
the face of the tyrnnnicnl pressure
brought ngninst' them by Rogers.
Wnges in the refinery havo always remained low und the hours of lnbor long.
_       _....-_---         , ~ ,     .          „.„,!• niiuneu mw unu xue nours or moor long,
it collected? From whom it .s coccted g m     d          ,              ,     b            \
\Vhati3thobiiS18of,t3admnii8trH  ont (1                     yenrs, but nothing to «t
po nro the judges as to how mch of „ kJ            >vith'tho hlcre^d coat
the charity fund is to go to a soldier's
dependent"? Evidently there ore many
misconceptions. For iiiHtance, here is n
letter, written "Somewhere ia France,"
under date of Feb. 28, by Pte. Frank G.
Edwards, a Vancouver longshoreman
(reported by cable as woMnded on Tues-
dnv lust), to his wife here, whoso patriotic money had beon stopped, addressed to tho Vancouver "Mnunger of the
Pntriotic fund." Pte. Edwards says:
"Some time ngo I learned from my
wife, Lillooet Jnno Edwards, as likely
you havo her listed, that you have stopped her allowance through your fund.
time, announces to a press reporter, that
"I do not know what the man was discharged for, but I will Btand by the
action of the saperintendent until "the
crack *f doom." It sounds something
like tho late Czar of Russia when, nt
the outbreak of tho war, he declured
he would "go to Berlin if it costs me
my last moajik." It will be remembered how Baron Rudiger doflcd death
and Ajax defied the lightning. But the
"crack of doom" got the Baron, and
Ajax, and the Czar. Death uud. the
lightning aro still on the job and the
Cz ir has gone into the discard. B. T.
Rogers might with profit ponder over
the peculiar manner in which "crack
of doom" cracks, upon occasion.
A Thorough Investigation Demanded.
Not long sinco thero was a deuce of
an uproar about the way the prico of
sugar waa going 'ap and many noisy
threats of what was going to be dono
to the Bugar manipulators were heard
in the land. Government investigations
wero to bo held and tho Lord only
knows what awful penalties were to be
dealt out to prico-boosting villains in
general, once they were discovered.
This noise and bluster went gloriously
on for quite some days. Then a silence fell upon tho land. No more wub
Areata abotrt sugar pritfe investigations.
Just what oil was poured upon the
troubled waterB, and how, has not yet
boen disclosed. But this latest development in sugar lord practice haB ealled
for a new deal. Representations have
gono forward to Ottawa asking for
aa investigation, not only of the phenomenon of soaring sugar prices alongside
of ample production, but of everything
connected with the operation of the
industry. .Tust what wage ond working conditions nro forced upon the
workers by these sugar magnates who
aro known to be reaping such a harvest as they never reaped before, are
among the facts that it is necessary to
bring to light iu ordor that intelligent
action may bo possiblo in regard to
regulnting tho price of sugar and keeping it anywhoro within the bounds of
reason and decency. The petty would-
be nutourats of industry, like B, T.
Hogers nnd his ilk, will have to bo
shown that their autocratic domination
of industry and lubor cun no more be
tolerated at this day and ngo than cun
tho autocratic political ruler of u kaiser
be tolerated by the world at large. It
muy be, und probably will be, necessnry to deal yjt some drastic uction to
petty industriul tyrants, even as dras
keep pace with tho increased cost
of living. The niulo workers have been
working 12 hours, the females 9 hours.
The wages of the former wero about
 per hour, nnd the latter $1,00 per
day. The employes have for some
timo been trying to got an ndvance of
wages. 'A petition wus eirculuted
nmong them requesting bucIi advance.
It is reported that one of tho men
most active in circulating this petition
wns discharged, presumably as a reward for that netivity. The superintendent who fired him is of thnt worthy ] tic action is being dealt out to the
typo usually found around such dumps, Joutocrnts of mid-Europe, but if it hus
DRINCE RUPERT, April 17.—The
* Retail Clerks' Association, a comparatively new, organization, is growing rapidly, for the members are energetic and progressive, ahd the merchants ore favorably disposed toward the
association. The regular, meeting was
held last evening. There was an excellent attendance, and the different items
of business dealt with showed that the
clerks have every reason to feel encouraged. The membership, at the time
of writing, is 22, and at the next meeting, this will be increased by three. In
all of the city Btores/employing union
help, ■ the union cards are on display.
This is not only a good thing for the
clerkB themselves, but is also helpful to
the proprietors.
It is expected that on.Empire Day
(May 24), a picnic will be held. Thero
are many ideal places near Prince Rupert for an outing of tbis description.
The clerks are already taking the preliminary steps, and that the proposed
event will be a huge success, is a foregone conclusion. In the country around
Prince Ruport, there is no more beouti
ful time of tbe year than May. There
are miles of shady shores, islands ond
woodland retreats, and under the mnn-
agement of the clerks, a picnic will be
an occasion of keenest pleasure. More
complete details will be ' announced
The association, which is distinctly on
the up-grade, is affiliated with the B. C.
Federation of Labor. It is not unlikely
that before long, the lady clerks of
Princo Rupert will also organize, a
movement that will be suro»to have the
hearty support of all other unions.
"Clearing House" for the Miners.
At a largely attended meeting, held
in the Carpenters' hall on April 12, a
branch of the Internntionnl Union of
Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers of
America, waB instituted. Aid. Geo, B.
Casey, tho district-organizer, presided,
and in nn interesting address, explained
the benefits of, thtt-.organization, and
how wage-earners are helped by the
practical demonstration of unionism.
About 20 membera were received, and it
is anticipated tha* tbis number will be
eonsideif bly incnasH' at the next meeting, when the newly-organized body
will elect and install officers.
Tho jurisdiction of the Prince Rupert
Iocul will cover the mining district in
nnd around Prince Rupert that is not
churned by nny other local of the international. Its operations will extend
from Telkwn to the coast, embracing
Alice Arm, Granby Bay and Surf Inlet;
Princo Rupert being the centre. This
uren wilt be divided into wards, in euch
of which the work of tho organization
will be conducted.
The meeting was attended by n number of union men in the city, who wero
anxious to give tho new recruits in tho
army of labor a bit of a boost nnd n
word of encouragement. The launching
of the new locnl wns made under most
encouraging auspices. A list of the officers of tho now organization will appear in the next Federationist.
The Mine Workers of District 18 Refuse to be Longer
Flimflammed-Now Demand a Straight 20 per
cent. Advance—Shortage of Coke Compelling
Metalliferous Mines to Curtail Output
THE MINE WORKERS oi District 18, which includes the coal
mines* of eastern British Columbia and Alberta, have been for
some time attempting to negotiate an advance in wages in ord'er
to keep pace with the increased cost of living. For fully three months
these negotiations have beeiuon. and no definite results have yet been
reached. At onc moment the men would imagine a Settlement had
been reached, and tho next moment all prospects would have vanished. At frequent intervals, strikes would be called in different
parts of the district, and when there appeared to be prospects of a
satisfactory ending of negotiations, work would again bc resumed,
only to break out in a new place. All negotiations have now been
declared off, and a straight advance of 20 per cent, has been demanded. And now comes word that the 700 men at the Gait collcrics
at Lethbridge have also struck, because they could get no satisfactory
assurance of a settlement with the bosses. Nearly all of the mines
of the district arc now idle. Tho coke used in the smelter operations
of the Boundary district of British Columbia comes from the coal
fields of thc Crow's Nest Pass, and' the supply has so fallen off in
consequence of the interruption of coal mining in that district, that it
is seriously affecting thc entire metalliferous industry of Southern
British Columbia.
•Dominion has already expended tho
sum of $92,000 in tlio way of a bonuB
to the coul miners to, in part, make up
tho difference between the wages pnid
them by the coal companies and the
uctuul cost of living, under the high
prices now prevailing. 1)2 conts' worth
of ordinary horse sense 'upon tho part
of the govornment, plus on amount of
courage equal to thnt possessed by a
scared rabbit, would hnvo long sinco
tnken the control of the conl mines out
of tho hands of thc present irresponsible owners and henceforth conducted
them as the property of tho Dominion,
thereby assuring not only propor treat-
Interesting Speculations as
to Its Coming and Its
Time and Tide Make for the
Coming of the Worker
Into, His Own
Tbe Cool Mines.
Tho history of the cool mines of
eastern B. C. and Alberta is but a repetition of the history of coal mining everywhere. The miserable conditions and
puy forced upon the miners by the conl
owners and operators in all countries
nnd at all times, ure matters of common
knowledge among men. But in the conl
mines of Western Canada the brutality
of exploitation and the reckless disregard of all considerations for tho
safety of tho lives and limbs of the
slaves of the pick and lamp, have been
■carried to a limit that has not been
elsewhere reuched, outside of tho min-
[By B. C. Woodbury]
attending evils is in a measure offset by the opportunities which it affords the workers
for studying and analyzing the
position which they occupy in human society. Public libraries, tho
variety and cheapness of books,
magazines and newspapers, including thc Labor press, are included in the list of educational
Marx, Engels, Kautsky, Liebknecht, Labriola, Fert-i, Plccha-
noff and Lafargue, the eight planets of Labor literature, have no
equals in America, but writers on
sociology and economics are numerous, and althoagh they have produced no so-called socialist classics, many of them are analytical
ing hells of Siberii. Tho history of the 'Tn'J.wf s™i 7°'^"'' H .",." "mp!c lan<v orthodox. America has Myers,
Crow's Nest region, especially, has been IWL?'™}.,*0' *'"-' us* of the people | -
but i
and who hnve grown up with    them
Yes, I om quite aworo of the fact thut ehm   hwnwc *_     „re ^dowed with
hove  no  children,  nnd also  tbntj^ prop^ y^re of meekness, doeil-
through the kindness of her relutives
she was aide to save quite a tidy little
sum out of my separation allowance and
my assigned pny. You found out that
flho hod money'in the bank, nnd then
decided thnt she did not need nny further assistance from your fund.
That Famous Blotter.
"Do yoirremember some little blotter
pamphlets you had circulated lost year,
entitled 'Fncta for the Conudiun Soldiers to Know!' I know them and hove
one of them yet. According to snid
'fncts' our wives were to get a certain
amount of money from the Patriotic
"What right have you to Btop that
monov! No, don't hand me nny bunk
nbout the funds not being whnt they
UBed to be; thoy are quite capuble of
holding their end up if they want to.
Would like very much to receive an ex-
plnnation from you. Please don't weary
Jno with recitations of possible miscon-
duet of my wife. Remember you are
running a Patriotic fund! not a scandal
shop. Whatever my wife may save out
of what the government and I allow to
her is none of your business. She iB entitled to ut least $10 a month and I
ity, servility, thc virtuo of obedience
to the voice of authority, nnd the willingness to play the sucker to it in
order to hold its fnvor. The employes
to ubout the number of 200 struck und
demanded that the discharged man bo
reinstated.    Also that n straight   ad
to be done it will be done. Employers
of lubor who huve ony senBe in their
heads will not moke Buch action necessnry. 'those who nre too stupid to sec
the pathway of progress and full in
lino with it, will have to be shown,
even if it be forcibly. Euch duy from
now on the Stute will be compelled to
lay its hand more heavily upon industry and turn its powers in thu direction
Vance of 20 per cent,    in wnges be of serving the common good, and nwny
granted. Among the strikers are"about
40 girls. Jlr. Rogers, true to his role
of petty despot, ull sume Queen Anne's
would like you to do (lie right thing by
her, or give me u good renson why you
cannot. I know of mnny soldiers' wives,
without children, who nre Btill getting
their money through your fund. I nm
out here doing my bit and want you
folks to do yours by my wife.
May Affect Recruiting.
"There is a big 'holler' about men
in Cilnnda not enlisting readily. Can
you wondor at it, when such treatment
is handed out to our wives f
"Pardon me if I have been or seem
hnrsh. We nre fighting for u principle,
and we expect principle from those
who mude promises to us. My wife will
give you her full uddresB."
THB PACIFIC COAST section of tbe International Longshoremen's association will meet in convention at Taeoma on May 7.
Gordon J. Kelly and Geo. Thomas will be the local delegates.
The convention will be in session probably more than a week. Jt
promises to be one of the most interesting ever held on this coast, and
that is spying something. The San Francisco local is. agitating for a
Pacific Coast separation from the international, arising out of the big
strike of Inst summer, Vancouver longshoremen held a mass meeting of their membership on Monday evening, at their, new Pender
street headquarters, when matters pertaining to the coming convention were discussed. One thing is certain, Vancouver local will stick
with the I. Ij. A. The Longshoremen's union has produced some of
the best writers and speakers in the American Labor movement, and
when the Taeoma sessions begin ft week from Monday, there will lie
a battle royal. That's the way the longshoremen settle their differences. When a decision has been reached by the majority, that will
be the decision.
from thnt of fattening the ambitions
of dull-witted and greedy sugur lords
and other vulgar creatures of similnc
Self-explanatory Resolution Passed By
Prince Rupert Central Labor Body.
"Whereas tho orgunized workers of
the province of British Columbia,
through their representatives, met in
convention ut Revelstoke, B. O., on
January 211th, 11*17; and
" Whereas after several days'
meditation and deliberation, puesed
upon a number of reeoram cud ut ions,
and authorized the presentation of same
to the provincial governmont, with a
view of huving the government, if
possible, enact legislation along the
fines recommended; und
"Whercus thiB body is informed by
the delcgution that a cordial hearing
wus given by all the ministers of the
government, with the exception of the
Hon. T. D. PuttMllo, minister of lands,
who, it is said, left tbe meeting before
the mission of tbe delegation was properly made known;Jje it therefore
"ReBolved, by Prince Rupert Trades
und Labor Council, lu meeting assembled, that wc regret tbe uttTtude of
the Hon. T, I). Pattullo on the occasion
in question, uud request the hon. member to give his reasons for acting in
such a discourteous manner."
Australian Prolitee* Tool
British Columbia Eederntionist Huyn:
Canada seems to be about the only
spot left within the Empire where it is
possible to mnke fat profits out of wnr
munitions*" Maybe; but Maorilnnd is
a spot where Fat makes fatter profits
-lit of frozen meat, butter, cheese and
ther old things the soldiers eut.—lluo-
Hand Worker.
Has Been Doing Effective Work on the
Coast for the Past Two Weeks.
W. G. Powleslnnd, general viccpresi
dent of thc International Brotherhood
of Blacksmiths nnd Helpers, with hend
quurters at Toronto, who has been in
this district for some two weeks, left
for the east on Tuesday. Org. Powleslnnd hns assisted muterinlly in bringing
the metal trades into line. Many of
Ins loeul acquaintances in the Labor
movement will remember Bro. Powles-
lund 'h visit about threo yours ngo. He
hopes to return again in less time, but
ns the wholo of Cnnnda is his field he
hus work aplenty. Ho hns urged the
locnl blucksraiths to affiliate with the
central kibor body and the B. C. F. of
Ti., und this question will be discussed.
from their brutal exploiters enough
wages to .ward off starvation and admit of ut least u half way decent existence,' o monotony that hud been all to
frequently broken by explosions or
other mine calamities nnd horrors that
havo tnken fenrful toll of life, as a
Bncrifico upon the altar of capitalist
greed and capitalist indifference to the
safety of those from whom its proflt is
ruthlessly squeezed. The latest horror
at the Coal Creek mines, it will bo remembered, took a toll of more than 30
lives, a toll that did not include even
a solitary owner.
Industrial Disaster.
Modern industries are so inter-related
that any serious interruption nf the
normal processes of nny one or moro of
them injuriously affects the entire industrial mechanism of the nation. The
coal mines in question produce coko,
which is an essential in the reduction
und smelting of ores. The metalliferous
mines of a good portion of B. O. depend
upon the aforesaid coal district for the
coke requisite for the reduction of their
output. That coko supply has ulreudy
been seriously curtailed as u result of
the trouble between the miners and the
operators of the conl region. The mining and smelting of ore in thu Boundary and Kootenay districts hns al-
rcudy begun to feel the effects of this
shortage. A noticeable curtailment of
operations hns already taken place. If
the trouble in the conl district is not
adjusted, a complete stoppage of operations in the metalliferous districts is
likely to occur, us it will be next to
impossible In obtain coke. Such u
stoppage will still further react upon
all other allied parts of the industrial
plant of the nation, ond a general stagnation und enfooolement of industry
will inevitably follow. The very life of
the people of this dominion anil of the
world depends upon the orderly, efficient and uninterrupted operation of ihe
entire mechunism of modern industry.
The needs of the hour, in the face of
this terrible world war, demand as
never before tbat no interruption shall
occur,       And yet. these serious    nnd
-. stone ago as tho I Arthur
stupidity of the electorate of thia Dom.  ^ituul
nion hns appointed to direct mundane
affairs within its cnpitnliat-cursed borders. Query: Will the electornte always remain stupid? Answer (A la
Tuft): "God knows." And he won't
toll.     -
Visiting All Local Unions Urging Patronage of Union Barber Shops.
Thc locnl brunch df the Journeymen
Barbers' union is at present Carrying
on n campaign with u view to increasing the demand among union men for
the. union shop card, when getting ton-
sorial work attended to. A committee,
headed by C. Hcrrett, is busy every
evening around Labor Temple, visiting
the various unions. They report that in
two cases their representatives hove
been refused admission. Tho names
can bo secured from Mr. Herrott. The
reception generally, however, hns been starve,
most hospitublc, and the boys expect
good results from their work. There
are enough first-olnss union-manned bnr-
ber shops in Vnncouver to tnke care of
all the business offering, and certainly
a real union man will never be guilty
of  putronizing ' '       "'   '
M.   Lewis,  George  B.
Kirkpatrick and Eugene Debs. In
the realm of Action there was no more
popular writer in any country than the
late lamonted Jack London. Tbe worki
of Reginald Wright Kaufman, .Frederick Townshend Martin and Upton Sin*
flair ore interesting to others than un-
mnrricd young Indies, nnd reflect the
idens nnd tendencies of social evolution.
Preparing for the Change.
The above-mentioned factors, combined with their greater relation, the
steady pressure of social development,
are slowly but surely preparing the
minds of the workers for the coming
change, which is not inevitable, but
whic hmUst occur if society is to -remain
in existence.
Under chattel slavery the workera
were owned outright; under feudalism
thoy were attached to the land; while
under the present system they nre free
from property, free to compete for jobs,
and failing to obtain such are froe to
A Passing Phase. ,
State cupitalism, which is evidently
the final stage of the present system, is
the phase of the capitalist method of
wealth   production   through   which   wo
nny but union ftrber f?R?°E ST*?6, °,r are ab°U! to P.""'
Under it the stute becomes sole cnpital*
Among tho British "War" Committee
to U. S. Are Two Labor Members.
Among the delegation from the British government visiting the United
States, for tho purposo of comparing
notes covering the wnr, will be Messrs.
Chas. R. Bowerman anil James H. Thomas, Lnbor members of thc house of
commons. Thoy eome at the spoclile invitation, through President Wilson, of
President Gompers of the American
Federation of Labor.
Miners' Union Official in Vancouver.
Win. .Smith, who has been a resident
,••„-.        , .  ..     of Phoenix for the past five years nnd
alarming interruptions do occur, at the \ni_ar.\v «,.„,.,,(..,.„ . e .i    w  *   !     •
..       b .   *    _   ,. .    mwenv secrotary oi the Miners' union
whim or caprice of the petty tyrants thero has decided
of industry, whose sole aim aad umbi-
tlon in life is to see how much profit
they can gain at the expense of the
agony aad travail of the stupid multitude, but at no expense to themselves.
And just now, while the profit pickingq
are good nlong the bloody trail of devastating wur, thoso capitalist juckals jbcinjr mini
follow that trail with slnvoring jaws, u0 r(|}u.
Sunduy, April 29—Typogrnphicul
Union; Musicians; Steam Engineers.
Monday, April 30—MucMiists,
Electrical Workers.
Tuesdny, Mny 1—Amal. Carpenters; Boot and Shoe Workers;
Railway Firemen; Retail
Wednesday, May 2—Press Feeders; Plasterers; Tile Lasers;
Brewery Workers.
Thursday, May .1—Trades nnd
Lubor Coundl; Gnrneut Work-*
Friduy, May 4—Railway Carmen;
Pile Drivers and Wooden
Briilgebjildcrs; Letter Curriers; Molders; Civic Employees.
Saturday, Mny 5—Bakers.
utterly unmindful of anything bth
thun the profit that mny be gleaned
from a world in ngony, no matter how
thoy may make the welkin ring with
noisy  professions of patriotic,  fervor.
Where Is The Oovernment?
Whut is thut supine and spineless
aggregation of political talent of the
Canadian brand, at Ottawa, doing while
hungry conl owners and other equally
conscienceless and disreputable profit-
mongers ore paralyzing industry
through their greed for more plunder?
Whnt is this precious government doing
to aVOrt the disaster that is Bure to
follow in the wake of this reckless
gamble in tbe nation's life
nation's industry? Well, Bo
overseas mussing around in feeble
fashion in Imperial affairs, while Cnn a
dian   affairs  are   left  to  adjust   them
A to make Vancouver
his homo, having arrived here with his
futility on Monday, He reports industrial conditions rather unsettled iu the
Boundary district as the result of the
miners' Union strike in tho Crows Nest
alloy, with the consequent shortage in
There is also a studied effort
>y the mining companies
■lemumls of the miners for
a slight wage increase throughout the
interior, to meet war conditions in
st, the veil removed from exploitation,
matters brought to a focus and no further steps in development possible undor
a system in which u fow men own
Tho ownership of land, natural resources, of workers und of machinery,
nre factors in analyzing every system
of wealth production. That which-distinguishes each from the other is what
wns produced, how it was produced, and
the way in which the products were ex-
changed. This which distinguishes tho
later from the earlier and determines
the overthrow of one and tho establishment o£, nnother is economy. As it is
axiomatic that cooperation is more economical than competition, the present
system is also naturally bound to-be replaced by nnother.
Workers Most Interested.
While it is obvious to some, thc majority ure unconscious of thc fact that
the class most interested in n change is
the working class. The propaganda mo-
thods used ure politics or socialism nnd
industrial unionism. On the relative.
merits of these methods this brief article is not to deal except to mention that
judging the future by the pnst neither
of them separately or combined will actually and directly overthrow the present system and establish another. Indirectly, though, they will assist in do-
(Continued on page 5)
TIIK FISCAL YEAH with tho railways ol* Canada ends wilh the
month ol'June. As everybody well knows, it is very hard work
to own a railway. In fact It is so very hard that the Inirden of
........ 0Wnc™1P '*- usually so judiciously distributed among numerous own-
ami tlio 8,'s "s l0 avoi<* the imposition of nny undue burden of ownership
irddi iipip'on any individual. There is on'e thing about such ownership that
should not be overlooked by the student ol' saddle (,'alls induced
.-i ti,.*,,.-! ?'•""' !"ll<!''11 oi owning things, und thai is thnt the burden of ewncr-
boIvos niisordlng to tho wliim nnd eopr frl'P "' ■'ai'ways, etc., is no greater one yenr than another, llore
rice of the gluttonous cn|iitali»t pirates lahor may be involved iu the operation of a rnilwny in one year than
who are appointed aad protected by in another, but not so with the labor incidental to the ownership
the Stnte, as custodians „t tie menus i ,,...,,. ,.* i,, ,i,u. ,.„,,„„„i (i,„ i,,,,.,i,„ .... * ,. • ,. '•""■'
of life upon which the Canadian people j ;"",', " Um' U'S'HC| ■'<- ''""I™ never varies. It is well to know
depend, not only for their own exist- j'..I™ "'"■,"''' '""■>.'Il"1 ''ashly plunge into the task of such ownership
onco but for the meant of successfully 'without n full realization of the Sisyphus-like task wc are undertak-
presecuting thc war.  If Borden show's' ing.   The comptroller of railway statistics at Ottawa is a chronicler
the same sneantv and    uptitude    for  hf Pn/ita      II,. lc .,.,1 ., .................     ll     I . *    t   i      ■    ..  .. ,„
shaping tho affairs of Umpire as he aad '■ .,'",,',' ' ' ' "' H ' """ C"\ ."' '\WH ",0t "dul8e '" ,ictl0"' We
his government hsve already displayed ■ '"'}> ,w3 "." ,,I|U|* " ■■•'■■ "? states that the "net earnings" of the
ia shaping the affairs of tho Dominion railways ol Canada, during the fiscal ycur ending with June .1916
during those dnys of trial, tho Umpire > were $31,000,000 more than for the previous year, we mtiv feel sure
nili1. l?u.dXV?Ltonoia"a.lrfcSo™ I !.'l!' Is i^Zfc, ,alf', •A";' K,M I v_~*-\ *»>?■ ^<y
is still un thc job, All thnt this good '".'"''> sl"u' s "l"1'1 l'x,M1(l his chest with pride at,the thought of
" uelllB Privileged to serve so worthy a cntise ns the fattening of owners at such n glorious rnte, nnd thereby mnking them glad to.tote
the load of ownership, And what a splendid reward for the virtue
oi ownership, It should almost convince Henry Dubb that it is far
better to lie n patriotic owner and stay at home and work at It, than
to be a patriotic working plug and go to the war and leave his family
to the lender mercy of the "patriotic fund." It is even better tlia'u
being a working plug and staying ut home working a pari of the
lime and looking for u job the balance.
Mother Hubbard
remove   nil  doubt
old  soul  needs
gown.    That would
as to sex.
Time for Action.
Thc Country needs conl. The eountry needs minora] products of all kinds.
There Is not only n shortugr of coke,
in consequengc ef the atubborn tyranny
ef the coal owners, but h shortage o'f
stvoai  and   house coul  as  well.    Thc PAGE TWO
Assets  $73,000,000
Deposits  64,000,000
JOINT Savings Account
may be opened at Thc
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Oorner Hastings and Gamble Sts.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 417
Owing to recent Improvements,
telephoning to Kootenay and Boundary points reached by the B. G.
Telupliono Company is now vory satisfactory. It's a long and expensive
trip to the Kootenay by rail, but
you save not only money bat much
time by using the telephone, Tou may
make an appointment, and Central
will have tho party wanted at any
time you wish.
Out-of-town Union Men who visit
Vincouver should pay a visit to
Perry & Dolk
Tba Labor Temple
Union Tailors
Piek out a spring suit and get it
properly made, union-made, combined with right treatment.
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancouver
We Want Ton to Do Your
Furniture Business Witb Us
Oor itock of Furniture is the but
in the province. Whenever you want
anything in oar line, cell In and look
It ovor.
41 Hastings Street West
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln tbe bome of every
Fair. 2624
PHONI «V. 811
11C. ffl
Published ever/ Friday morning hy the B. C.
Federationist, Limited
B. Para. Pettipiece .Manager
Office: Room 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Soymonr 7496
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City. $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, Sl.00.
*'" RE?SisEOTATIVEr~~     "^
New Westminster W. Tates, Box 1021
Prince Rnpert S, D. Macdonald, Box 208
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1538
'Unity of Labor:  tbe Hope of tbe World"
FRIDAY April 27, 1911
rwiinl      uukviui it,   8,20
Mattnee Prices: Evenings
10c, 16c, 28c, 50c.      10c, 26c, 36c. 76c.
tfatqnalltd Vattdavilla Meani
2:48, 7:20, 9:15     Season's Pricei:
Matinee, 16e; Evenings, 16c, 25c
IT IS NO DOUBT true thut so long aa
wars aro to bo fought, it will fall to
tho lot of the. working clana to do
the fighting.   There is a very good reason for this, und that is that there is no
one else to do it, uny
A STENCH more   than   thoro  is
IN THE any onc clso to do thc
NOSTRILS. work  of   thc   world.
In fnct, there is no
other useful part of human society, kit
that same working class. Whatever is
provided for human comfort nnd the
welfare of the race, is provided solely
by the workors. They feed, clothe nnd
shelter all that uro fed, clothed and
sheltered nt nil, and when it comes
down to doing tho fighting that bo-
comes periodically necessnry undor thc
'tiling clnss nrrnngement of mundane
affairs, that also falls to tho lot of the
workers for thc very simple renson that
they arc tho only ones on earth thnt
know how to do anything except eat,
drink and loaf. Truo it is that in thc
feeding, clothing nnd sheltering of human kind, these snmo workers aro
stupid enough to make far better provision for thc shiftless and useless loafers
and idlers of human society than they
do for themselves and tlieir families,
but it is a sin that brings its own punishment in that avalanche of poverty,
misery and despond that is thc daily
portion of the working class, and from
which it can never hopo to escape until
its members attain sufficient manhood
to break their chains and end this class
* * *
However, there is a big war on at
present, and tho workors of tho world
aro being fed to tho cannon by wholesale. The Federationist believes that
this war was inevitable That it, has
been brought about by forces ns much
beyond human control ns are those
forces which direct tho movements of
the heavenly bodies, or that determine
and shape tho development of all living
things. And that human progress depends upon, and emphatically demands
the triumph of tho Entente Allies in
the great struggle that is now on. But
while all of this may be tTue, wo hold
that it is the manifest duty of each and
every country engaged in this struggle
for the overthrow of the last remnants
of feudal autocracy and militnry tyranny, to mnke every provision to snfe-
gunrd, as far as is humanly possible,
not only tho lives of thoso who nro
lighting their battles at thc front, but
also their families and dependents who
are left, at least in thc majority of
cases, without 'adequate means of support once the chief wnge-enrnor has enlisted for tho war. Wc insist thnt such
provision should be made ns an absolute right, the fulfilment of un imperative duty, that the community, tho nation if you please, in1 honor owes to
thoso who are lighting' its battles nnd
often dying or being mnimed and mutilated in its causo. Il is a duty, nn obligation, thnt ennnot be shirked or evnd-
ed, by nny nntion thut is not a stranger to honorable conduct and absolutely
devoid of all sense of shnino.   '
• " • *
And yet the soldiers of this great Dominion, as well as of other lands involved, have been asked to risk their
livos in thoir country's cnusc while
their wives und families hnve, in many
cases, boon left at least partially dependent upon the cold crumbs of charity for their sustenance. We have protested against this crowning infamy
ngninst the soldiers of the Dominion, as
it is expressed through what is termed
Patriotic Fund." And we shall
continue to do so until the wrong is
righted, and the infamy brought to an
end.' And what is it but an infamy
that tho dependents of thoso who nro
sacrificing their lives upon liberty's
altar, should bo compelled to submit to
tho ignominy of boing thc recipients of
charity? And what is this "Patriotic
Fund" if it be not a charity fund?
Why, we already have no loss an authority than the mayor nf this city, thnt
it is merely charity. Such being tho
case, why is it necessary to add to tho
insult by terming it "patriotic?"
* *       *
But whilo the majority of peoplo did
not realize the charity nature of this
precious "fund" scheme nt its incep
tion, it haa so completely disclosed its
character through its treatment of
thoso who have been made the victims
of its benevolence, that it is rapidly
losing caste as a worthy patriotic venture and sinking to the level of a
"stench in the nostrils of decency."
An ever-increasing avalanche of protest
is being made by tho wives and other
dependents of soldiers who aro at tho
front, against the impudent and meddling practices and interventions of the
manipulators of this charity Bchomo,
masked in "patriotic" garb. A meeting of some 200 wives of soldiers has
already been hold, and a flood of light
has been thrown upon tho unaavory
doings of these charity dispensers, ranging all the way from nosing out the
wage-earning activities of children
members of soldiera* wives, so that
their petty earnings might bo deducted
from the "patriotic fund" allowances,
down to petty debt collecting for equally petty commercial "tinhorns." That
much of tho contribution to this
"fund" has been forced from wngo-
earners by their employers is well-
known. In fact it hus often been taken
arbitrarily from the wages of somo of
the poorest pnid of workers. Tho whole
thing is an infamy, and should be
stopped by tho governmont. And if
tho governmont of this Dominion was
actuated by even the moat ordinary
principles of common decency, it would
never have been allowed to rear its
head in the first place. Tho soldiers of
the Dominion would have gone to tho
front with tho assurance that their
families would at least receive thc equivalent of the wages earned by the husband or father prior to enlistment. It
is not too late to right tho matter, even
now. Unless it is righted the stench of
this infamy will rench to high henven
before the last is heard of it.
O. S HARRISON, Manager,
Granvillo and Pender
Don't stow uway your apnre
cash in any old corner whero it is
in danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect snfcily fur your
money, nnd will give you full
bunking service, whether your account is lurgc or smnll.
Interest allowed on savings do-
0. N. STACEV, Manager
Haatinga and Carrall
T IS RATHER interesting to pore
oyer thc great financial journals nnd
drink in tho wisdom to bo drawn
therefrom in regard to tho problom of
financing thc war.   That is if there is
such a problem, some-
HOW TO thing wo very much
FINANCE doubt.   But from the
THE WAR. fuss   those   financial
authorities      mako
over thc mutter, it would appear to bo
a very difficult problem to solvo, and
after reading some columns    of.   gab
about   it,    we    land   at   the    inevi
table conclusion that    neither   reader
nor writer know what they aro talking
ibout, anyway.   Tho moro we read the
less we know about it.   And, to put it
tho othor way round, the less wo read
about it thc more wo actually know.
# *       *
It seems  that  all that is requirod
order to prosecute a war is men,
munitions, food, tools and, well, just
ubout the same equipment and supplies
that arc required to carry on tho ordinary operations of peace, only perhaps
more so. Well, ns thnt is all there is
it, nnd thc men arc available to
operate tho industries rcquisito to tho
turning out of nil the. things required,
and the material requisite to thc making of soldiers is.nlso available in
plenty, it seems thnt there is nothing
to it but to utilize both the men nnd
the material for thc purpose in hand.
It ia not a question of finance nt all.
Monoy has nothing to do with tho
carrying out of tho purposo in hnnd.
Thnt purposo is to vanquish thc enemy
us expeditiously nnd effectively as possible. Aud tho .enemy, thnt is if ho is
ut ull dnngoruus ennnot be vanquished
with money. True it is thnt tho really
up-to-date capitalist enemy can usually
be bought off, but that sort of an
enemy cannot be reckoned with in n
world scrap like thc present onc, for
the simple reason that the big capital-
sts are making monoy at such a prodigious rnte during this war that thoy
would not consider any other proposition that would come within tho bounds
of reason nnd possibility. They hnve
such u good thing us it is that they
could scarcely bc expected to bo in thc
market for any less profitable deals.
It would not ho ia accord with the
ethics of tho breed. And besides, that
is about the measure of their patriotism.
* *       *
The United  Statos is by long odds
tho wealthiest nntion on earth. And
Uncle Sam is going to fight. If his
fight is a justifiable one, he must bo
actuated by a national grievance. Such
being the case, it then becomes a matter of every citizen of his dominions
taking active pnrt in the scrimmage,
not only to tho extent of his physical
powers, but also to tho last cent's
worth of his material belongings. Thon
it is not n. matter of finance, it is n
mutter of taking nnd using everything
thnt mny be required for the tnak in
hand. It is n matter of tho federnl
government commnndeering the men
and the means of tho nation, without
distinction or discrimination, and using
thoso for the prosecution of the war.
It cannot become a question of who
will pay, for there ean be no payment
except that which is made from dny
to day in tho shape of material used up
and human life destroyed, or human
beings maimed nnd crippled. There is
no other cost to wur. And no one cnn
mnk(> payment other than those who
participate in it. This talk about so
arranging us to make the future pay
/it looal n part of the cost of war, upon
tho pretense that this war is being
fought on behalf of those who mny
como nfter us, is pure tommyrot. The
future ennnot pay. ThlflO who live
now mnst pay nnd pay it nil. The only
for the  alleged  purpose of financing
tho war.
* * *
The exercise of the "right of eminent
domain" by theJUnited Statos governmont, over everything in the Republic that is requisite to tho prosecution of the war, would mean that all
of the productive power of the nation
would immediately pass under national
control. This would immediately make'
it possible to remove from the national
expense bill all of that fabulous amount
that constitutes the sum total of profit
that npw1 accrues to the profit-monger-
ing horde that is patriotically sapping
the lifeblood of tho Republic and giving nothing in roturn. Once this capitalist "Succubus" is put out of commission and relegated to tho deadhouse
of oblivion whoro all vulgar nnd obscene
things ahould properly go, tho present
enemies of the Republic would be put
out of buainoas so speedily and completely that thoy would be forever
sorry that thoy over tackled such a
thankless job. And thero would bo
nothing to pay, thnt is, that could bo
measured in terms of capitalist trado,
commerce and such liko chicanery and
fraud. How to finance tlio war. Why,
that is, easy if it is gone nt properly.
If Undo Sam will give the Fedorationist office boy tho proper authority to
act and tho governmental power to
back it up, the kid will guarantee to
carry tho war through to a successful
conclusion, and that when tho job is
dono there will not bc n stock, bond,
mortgage, debenture, deed, noto or any
other ovidenco of debt or financial
flimflam left ovor to pester tho sons
and daughters of men in the future.
And the kid will do tho job just morely
for his board and lodging while ho is
working at it. It would bo a real
ploasuro to him nnd to all tho balanco
of tho staff of this grent family journal, to strip tho mask of humbug und
protonse from thia hoary, old financial
ghost of the ages. Some day the world
will burst its buttons with lnughter
when it finds out what a hollow and
ridiculous old farce and humbug it all
..April 27, 19X7
An eastern paper says,'' the dogs and
the chickens of the neighborhood, and
all insect pests, look upon these gardening preparations with profound satisfaction." We hope that this is meant
literally, and is in no way intended to
cast reflections upon the dear capitalists, who with similar satisfaction, contemplate the industrial garden operations of the entire world, as some might
be uncharitable enough to think.
It is reported that a conference was
recently held in Copenhagen between
BusBian and German socialists. Plans
were diacusaed relating to the establishment of peace. Considerable satisfaction will be felt by pacifists and
others who yearn for peace, in the fact
that the chief result of the conference
was that the Gormana adviaed tho Russians to strive for a separate peace,
while the Russians adviaed the Germans to go back home and organize
their peoplo for a revolution.
Tho investigation or infant mortality
enrriod out by the United Statea depart-
mVnt of labor shows that it varies from
one denth to ovory fouv babies whose
fathers earn less than ti'50 per year to
ono death among ovory sixteen babies
whoso fathers enrn $1050 or moro per
yenr. All of which bonrs out tho contention thnt children die, not because
of pure cussednoss, but becnuso their
fathers aro enslaved and robbed. It hns
nlso been noted thut thia enslaving nnd
robbing process is by'no means conducive to long life, even in the caso of the
parents themselves.
that can be
o ure to follow
very thnt HOW bi
cqls of rathloiH
n  and  tho mi so
baneful wake.
being nccompHsli
■ Boliome's that t
Od   Oil   those
us, Is the nccuraod
■ids .is In thechnri.it
capitalist oxploita-
rlo.i that follow \_
\iid thai i.« all Ihnl
ed bv menns of nil
T LOOKS AS though tho conscription
schomc, fathered by tho military and
naval   authorities   of   tho   United
Statos, and wet-nursed by scare-mongers
and noisy reactionaries generally, is do-
i stined  for   an  ex-
THE SKID cecdingly rough trip
ROAD FOR adown tho skid rood
CONSCRIPTION, to oblivion. It op-
pears that thero aro
powerful forces at work in the republic
againat the pcrpotration of thot infamy
upon a country whose peoplo aro strong-
ly imbued with the principles and spirit
of domocracy, and whose traditions nnd
aspirations are all arrayed against military tyranny and its abnegation of liberty. It would soem almost unthinkable
that a peoplo so minded, and geographically situated as ore the people of the
United Statos, couM bo led into such
suicidal folly* os the converting of a'
peaceful and powerful industrial state
into a swashbuckling and swaggering
militnry monstrosity, pntterned after
tho European model. A military establishment and democracy cannot exist
sido by sido. They cannot breathe thc
snmo atmosphere The ono is tho negation of tbo other. There never was a
democratic army. It is quite unthinkable nnd impossible. The nearest approach to such an army is a strictly
volunteer force, erented for tho sole
purpose of meeting an emergency that
migth arise, and whicli would automatically disappear onco that emergency
had been met and the immediate problem solved. The armies of tho civil
wnr in tbo Stntes wero probably tho
nearest approach to such a force that
has beon recorded in recent history. Ag
soon as tho job was finished, thoso armies wero disbanded and tho men returned to the farm nnd workshop. For more
than thirty yenrs after the war tho
United States had an army of only
25,000 men, nnd this wns required merely for the pnrposo of donling with tho
Indians of tho western plains.
* * #
Chnmp Clark, spenker of thc houso of
ropresentntives ut Washington, is a bitter opponent of the move for conscription. He declares, that "tho war department is trying to bulldoze the country into approving a conacription system. Tho best armies wc ever hnd
were volunteer armies. I'd nover vote
for such a plan us conscription," assorted Clark, with heat; "such n bill
will never pnss. I favor lotting tho
flower nnd youth of the country volunteer before fas toning the disgrace of
conscription upon thom." An army
that has been arbitrarily forced upon a
people is an infliction that cannet well
bc gotton rid of without a struggle. It
is not a matter of record that any militnry establishment ever yet abolished
itself. To do so would bo equivalent to
autocracy abolishing itself, for when we
come right down to brass tacks, that is
nil there ia io autocracy, anyway. Juat
a militnry shebang, that's all. Any
people that is freo, or enjoys oven a
modicum of democracy, hnd bettor
think twice before allowing itaolf to be
shoved ovor the precipice into that autocratic tyranny from tho clutchos of
which no pnrt of tho earth has yet
wholly escaped. It may be that the
wnr in Europe will end the military infamy of the ages, but the wise mnn who
ongs for the triumph of democracy will
keep his weather, eye upon all military
boosters und their schemes, no matter
how loudly these boost ors may profess
thoir love for domocracy or how loquacious in their devotion to liberty's
im.-it'. Above everything else militnry
aspirations will baar careful wutc.hlng
Yea, even in the "Oreat Republic,"
But, of course, not hore in Canada, because wo arc British, and Britons are
Still further ovidenco of tho onrnost
and thorough manner in which British
militarism safeguards tho interest of
democracy and fights ita battles against
thoso baneful forces that would thwart
nnd destroy it, is found in the arrest
and confinement of Loo Trotsky and
eight other Russians at Halifax, recently. Thoy sailed from New York on
March 27, to unswer tho call of the Russian revolution, but were taken- from
the ship nt Halifax and put in a Nova
Scotia detention camp by the British
militnry authorities. Fortunately, however, it is tho first instance on record
where Britain, the great champion of
liberty, was ever guilty of nn autocratic act of tyranny and brutality. There
is some consolation in that.
Tho governor of Wisconsin nppenrs
to bo one of thoso who cnn rend and interpret tho "handwriting on tho wall."
Ho declares thnt conscription would
have a strong tendency to make the
war against Germany unpopular. And
it most certainly should, for in spite of
all loud-mouthed assertions about fighting for tho preservation of democracy,
no more deadly blow could bo struck at
democracy than thnt of conscription,
whether it bo for militnry or industrinl
purposes, or both. Conscript servico is
not the service of froc men. It is the
abnegation of democracy, It is tho dictum of autocracy and despotism inflicted upon the enslaved. It cannot bo
countenanced by nny one worthy to
servo under the banner of democracy
und freodom.   Let us have nono of it.
A federnl judge down in Cnlifornin
recently dismissed two Chinamen who
it was charged had attempted to violate the immigration laws. It was
shown thnt tho Chinks tried to bribe
customs inspectors who pretended to
fall into tho schemo until they hnd
obtained sufficient evidence to convict. In dismissing tho defendants the
judge snid: "Whero tho officers of the
law had incited tho party to commit
tho crime charged, nnd lured him on
to its consummation, tho Inw will not
authorize a verdict of guilty." That
judgo may bo a very learned one, but
if ho will come over hero into B. C. nnd
observe police and court practice along
tho line of entrapping und convicting
criminals, ho would be ablo to add considerably to his knowledge of how to
administer justice, that is of the British kind, at least.
Vancouver workmen can appreciate
what tho trade unionists of Ontario nnd
Quebec are up against in bucking
ngninst the scabby conditions obtaining in many of the shops and factories
handling fat government contracts for
wnr munitions und supplies.- Locnl conditions mnke that possiblo. If tho Conservative government was to go to thc
country tomorrow, it would be overwhelmingly defeated by the working
class, including tho returned soldiers
and their wives. And this not because
of any virtuo of tho Liberal pnrty, but
simply as nn expression of protest. That
a general election can bo forced at the
earliest possiblo moment is the wish
of evory one who is sick and tired of
wur contract graft nnd scanty treatment of soldiers nnd tlieir dependents,
not to mention the workers who remain
in industry.
The best suggestion yet made of how
to provide tho men for military service
in tho United States, is that of a
"selective conscription," beginning
with the old scalawags of 50 years nnd
upwards. Whon theso nre nil used up
tho next draft to compriso those of
over 40, thc next of over 30, and so on
down tho lino as far as it may bo
necessnry to go. This is especially to be
commended if upon no other grounds
thnn thnt the noisest boosters and blatters for war aro usually the oldest and
consequently most worthless specimens
of human junk in the shop, anyway.
And no one cnn well dispute tho fuel
thnt in getting rid of them, humanity
wiuld lose far less than by the killing
off of the younger men. Although we are
of somewhat ancient vintago ourselves
we wonld cheerfully accept service ns
chief-of-staff and steer a bunch of old
patriotic stiffs thnt wo know of against
tho Hindenbnrg or nny other tough old
lino. And besides that we would never
be guilty of asking anybody, no matter
how old, to go where we would not dare
send them. Wo base our military qualifications chiefly upon thnt.
Sea ni and uvs money.
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Richards Street
Oet busy and linvo your old bicycle
ninth) liko now. W« will enamel nnd
mako your wheel look liko new from
$5.50 up.   All kinds of repairs at
610-518 Hove HnBtiugs 412
being promoted  not built that way.
Perish the thought.
Poultry Wanted
Phone   Soymour  1007
010 Granville St.
J. Edwud Seue     Offlce: Ser. 4116
Hamsters, Solicitor., Co»e;ucen, Elc.
Vlctorit and Vanconwr
Vancouver Office: 516-7 Rogera Bldg.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary
Phone Sey. 3236 Blrki Building
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
630 OrinTllle Street
610 Hutlngi street West
Phene 6418 1228 Hamilton
Jobbing Work a Specialty
Phone Soy. 136 and lies. Bay. 77
1033 OBANVILLE St., Vancouver
Vancouver Pickle Co.
ask for
Highland 21   Factory 801 Powell
Phone Seymour 7169
Third   Floor,  World  Building,
Tlio only  Onion   Shop in  Vnncnnvor.
Labor Temple Press    Sey. 4400
Hemstitching, buttons covered, seal*
lopping, button holes, pinking, sponging and shrinking, lettering, plc.it edging, pleating, rucblng, embroidery,
663 Qranvllle St. 1310 Douglas St.
Phon. Sey. 3101 Phone lleo
Pbone Sey. 6183   1296 Qranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
Program Changed
Every Monday and
Matinee, 10c. Children
under 7, free to Matinee
Evening, Balcony, 10c;
Ground Floor, 15c;
Boxes, 25c.
How Alive
Are You?
One often hears the expression,
"walking around to save funeral
expenses," and while it ia intended as a joke, it is a half
truth. You commence to die when
you commence to loose vitality.
Moro vital forco Is lost through
defective eyes than in any other
way. Allow our specialist to correct your eyo defects by means of
lensoa glasses, and commence to
8th Floor Birks Building
Seymour 4605
:RNATi0MlrU)5asS0BBMEN'8 A8^
-J_________.*u_    °Ve"'
M    i'K, U,"*»*\ Locnl 318. I, AT   S  E  A
evory „
tary, Jc_
„     Ami
and tWid Thursdays. Executlvs
mea H. UeV«i* ««.fj._.. ™*1V*!-
. ,, „„, i^bor Tempi., ,...,*
1SS5KL*- ?• CotterllJ, statuti*
--. vice-president j' 'vIotor"K."' ____
Knowles, treasurer.* W. B. Hhh..iiI .'.,*"
..... ...rn.ut.ri «, tx, uotterl 1, atatletl.
serjeant-at-arms, Georfe HaStaoas A.
iwlord. Jas. Campbell,V. b2a%»
President__*__)__"'*■  a   ■•»  moiST
__-}*;£__*£> "m,"r. B. H.
s ;k™Tol L.Lb°„5A^ '2L?te
Room ,.
iTS' WOBKfSs.1*. U. N^. 281, I.O?
"oa,  Vancouver Lod*e No   wH..?!
- and tlilrd Mondaya   8 nm     p\^m e?
■president, J   8. Pl,nn| ,Zm^,_'.
'-■iff  A,e""*'er,  Room 218,  Labor
e. _Vbone, Soy. 7495. '  lja"or
lirst ant
A. Cam*.,
020.   .
iS^-P-"1' MAODB OrifORTH
America—Vancouvor    and     .(mWhI
"b meots second ,„d "enrtb'&&
ot ?.frta»'",.t"""""J ■» '-""lb Thmim
or eaoh montb. room 303 Lsbor TAnTntT
President, John MoM.II; LiSfriSSS*
uoo. H. Weston • rocori ng secretary 32
WHson, room 308^I.abor Tomple        ''     "'
.''"•President, i  8. CleKdfrefirdta   .."„•
a. -t_-_i_, jswmSS
business agont, Fred A. Hoover J™o! ?Clirt
l^omco oo,„„r rrlarand Jill. ,°,'r,.C|i"k
'"■yuiiAPHJOAL UNION, NO. 228-M.«i
Pro.ld.n,tSnH'l*Jr0'Bl*'"*h rao",h « »T*
iro.ment    H.    O.    Bonson;     vico-prealtlent.
L,»v™o%ror>-,ro',ur" ■*
now   Woatiuinstor:   W.   Yatei   bob   i„*,,i„.
s'r-krtr' DJ";"''."a»**n"Is
Wi Trail,    Crotra Nottt Valey; W   11   1'hli*
treaaurer: A. fl. WelU, Box 1536. vESSSC
OIL—MeaU   first   and   third   Wedneaday.
\fmW ?ML U2i Government ■*'«*? -18
P.m. President, E. ChrlBtopfaer, Boi 887:
vice-president, Christian Slverti, 1278 Den'
v!5 'I'0 B1 oecretapyi Bt S1IUU»">8, Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0. P. 0. address Boi 92. Local
onion meats first and third Sunday, 10 am
PItea of meeting, Labor Hall, DoCosmos blk.
Prosldent, J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; secretary, J. M. Amur, 1046 MoClure street: busl-
new agent, 8. Cullum, phone 1101R.
of America, local  784,  New Westminster.
Meets seoond Sunday of each month at 1-80
p.m.    Secretary, P. W. Jameson, Box 406.
Council—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hall. Preaident, 8. D. Macdonald; aeeretary, J. J,
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Rnpert, B. C.
LOOAL UNION. NO. 872. U. M. W. OP A.-
Meets second and fourth Sunday of each
month, at 8.80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven*1
recording seoretary, Jas. Bateman; financial
secretary, 8. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
POAL mining rlghta of the Dominion. In
y Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and In a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may bo leased for a term of
twenty-one year* renewal for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of f 1 an aore.
Mot more tban 2,660 aeros will be loaded to
one applicant.
Application for a leans mast be made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of tho district tn wblcb tbo rights applied for aro situated.
In surveyed territory the land mnst be dos-
scribed by portions, or legal sub-divisions of
■fictions, and in unsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by tbe
applicant himsolf.
Each application mnst be accompanied by
a fee of $6 which will bo refunded If tht.
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of tho mlno at tbo rate
of five cents per ton.
Tho person operating tho mino shsH furnish tbo Agent with sworn returns accounting
far tho full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay tbo royalty thereon. If tho
coal mining rights nro not boing opernted,
such returns should bo furnished at least
onco a year,
Tho lunso will include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46
Georgo V. assented to lfltb June, 1014,
Por full Information application ahould be
made to tlie Secretary of tlio Dipnrlment of
tlie Interior, Ottnwa. or to ony Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of tho Interior.
N.B.—iUiin.itliorli.flrt publlentlon of his nd-
vortUemont will not bo paid for,—' 676.
To membors wt any union In Canada ft
special rnte fur The Per]oration 1st of $1
per year—if a club of 10 or more Is sent
■MMBMa "-■*■ omoiAL papeb TAaoonvas
omasa una vm oo*-
mut nDnuio* o* iamb
(In Vtpioanrt
OU/. H.OO /
$1.50 PER YEAR
So popular because it's to good. Cascade it brewed of the
UffhMt grade B. 0. hops, and selected Canadian .barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the publio.   -
0«t a Beer that hai knowledge and pure material baok of it.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BEID, Proprietor
Manufacturers ol
Offlee and Works: Tenth Street        NEW WESTMINSTER, & 0.
Paint Up
and Clean Up
Novt we mill all be as busy as humming birds with our painting changing and fixing.
642 Oranvllle Street
Established 1891
Fire Insurance, Accident Inaurance, Estates
327 Seymour St Phona Seymour 163
For your kitchen, Wellington nut	
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump __. . $7.50
Comox Nut : 6.50
Comox Pea . 4.50
(Try our Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
A Complicated Situation in
Which Premier's Case
Is Hopeless
Unholy Combination Which
True Labor Party
Must Meet
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. 8. W, 'March 0.-(Spe-
olal to The Federationist.)—At the
present time the political situation in
Australia Ib undergoing a series of
birth-pains, but whether the emergence
into life will be for good or for evil,
cannot be aaid at the present time. But
thia can be said at thia date—a fusion
has been brought about by the two political parties discredited at the ballot
box with the remarkable record that
they etraddle AustraUa with their rule,
contrary to the wishes of the people.
It ie now ancient history how tbe
great Australian Labor party split in
twain over the conscription issue. There
is much that might be written, bnt prudence demands that that which is unwritten Bhall be left until after the war
is over, and the various regulations that
hedge in Australia at the present time
are raised. When the lid iB lifted, there
are many thingB to write of—facts bo
astounding as to be scarcely believable.
The break over the conscription issue
left out of tho Labor party of 81 in the
two houses of 111 members, the following division: TKue Labor (that is anti-
conscription), 46, and the balance to
the party of renegades, that is, 26. But
it is bo arranged that while the con-
scriptionist outcasts hold sway in the
lower chamber, the true Labor party
holds sway in the senate. In the lower
chamber, there are 76 members, while
in the senate there are 36 members. Of
the lower ohamber the position after
the conscription break was aa follows:
Offloial (or true) Labor, 26; eonsorip-
tionist (late Labor), 14; Conservatives,
34; independent, 1. In the senate the
position was: Official Labor, 10; Conservative, 5; conscriptionists, 12, Of
course it must be understood that the
Conservatives in both houaea also supported conscription—though on all other
political matters they were as far apart
aa the poles. From theBe figures it will
be Been that the party or conscription-
ists, headed by Hughes, was the smallest. Why, after his defeat at the conscription ballot, he did not resign is one
of the marvels of political jugglery that
can only be understood by the fact that
he seemed to have ncedod a keg of dynamite to blow him out of office he
could not have constitutionally held.
How Hughes Holds Office,
With his own following of 13—whioh
with himsolf, made up the 14 in the
lower house—Hughes waa powerless to
do anything in tho way of legislation,
and .was buffeted from pillar to post, all
the time trying to make concessions
with the Conservatives to keep him in
power. He at last succeeded in this,
after threo months intriguing. How
that wub brought about iB one of the
mysteries that only time will solve. To
bring about the fusing of the conscrip*
tionist wing of the Labor party and the
Conservatives meant, of course, that the
cast-outs -of Labor had to throw overboard all thoir uge-long principles of democracy and emerge ont of the travail
as Conservatives, and ns such they
stand today. What a remarkable evolution. For yearB this section of the
Labor party have been mud-slinging at
the very purty they have now joined,
Buying and Selling.
There has been a series of bargaining
for place and power in the coalition that
can only be likened to the wrangling in
a pawnshop between a usurer and his
unfortunate client, hard up for money.
Tho outcome of it all is that the Hughes
section has been forced to give more
than half its position to. the Conservatives to win them over in order to keep
Hughes in power. Hughes all along
maintained that as part of the barga.u,
he was to remain as prime minister, but
out of the 11 cabinet seats, he has had
to givo six to the Conservatives retain*
ing live places including his own.
The new coalition government eon*
sists only of 48 members, with the add*
ed support of one Independent It Is
called tho "War Cabinet," and the
portfolios have been allotted as under:
Prime minister and attorney-general,
William Hughes; minister for the navy
and deputy leader, Jos. Cook (x);
treasurer, Sir John Forrest (x); minister of defence, Senator Pearce; vice-
president of executive council, Senator
Millen (x); minister for worka and
railways, W. A. Watt (x); miniater for
home affairs and territories, P. Qlynn
(x); minister for customs, Mr. Jensen;
postmaster-general, W. Webster; honor-
ary minister, L. E. Oroom (x); honor-
ary minister, Senator Bussell.
The members marked (x) denote
members of the Conservative party,
while those not bo marked denote members of the Hughes eonscriptlonlst
party (late Labor).
■ Of course, one of the first measures
of the new government was to issue a
fiolicy speech and, in announcing a pol*
cy speech smelling very rankly of Conservatism, Mr. Hughes really condemned his own former administration of
Labor. How he managed to do this
with a calm face is in keeping with his
general actions in the whole unholy
Try to Avoid Election.
With the policy speech out of the
way, the coalition "war council" had
the cool cheek to announce that it is
their Intention to secure if possible a
prolonging of parliament till after the
war is over—six months after. Hughes
Bays the reason for this is that to hold
an election at the presont time would
not be wise, as it would interfere with
recruiting. How he can say this in the
face of the fact that his conscription
campaign killed reoruitlng as dead as a
door nail in Australia, Is something
that passes all understanding. Ab for
the fact that an eleotlon would be dan-
gerous at the preient time, this ean be
well understood in view of the fact that
that there ia universal political and personal hate agatnit the conscriptionists
Bince the defeat of the referendum, and
they have only to meet the people in
an election to sign their own -political
death-warrants. No wonder they don't
want an eleetion.
They propose to send three members
to the Imperial conference in London—
Hughes, Forrest and n member named
Tituine.' The feeling in Australia is
markedly agalnit attending the conference, as the people of Australia do not
believe in this form of intrigue and feel
that it would be dangerous to Australia.
It ia thought that*with official Labor's
majority in the senate above all other
parties, an eleetion will be forced by
hook or erook in the near future, much
to the discomfiture of the coalitionists.
Labor may then come into its own
The following resolution was
passed unanimously at the seml-
monthly meeting of the Retail
Clerks' association, held Wednesday evening:
"Beaolved, that members of
the Retail ClerkB' association do
everything ln their power to
boost the sale of 'Made in B. O.
goods,' If manufactured hy union
labor, In preference to goods made
putslde the province."
Nomination of Officers for Coming Year
—List of Members Killed
Somewhere in France.
The regular monthly meeting of Vancouver Typographical union will be held
on Sunday afternoon next. Nominations
of officers for the ensuing year will be
held, whioh mages it desirable that a
good representation of the membership
will be in attendance. Election of officers will be held on Wednesday, May
23; the polling place being union headquarters in Labor Temple.
Word has been received thiB week by
Mrs. Hobbs, 1076 Barclay street, that
her son, Frank Hobba, who enlisted
with the University battalion, haB been
wounded in the face and arm during
the recent fighting at Vimy Kidge. Pte.
Hobbs is a member of Vancouver Typographical union, and previous to enlisting, was an employee of the News-Advertiser jobroom.
A letter received at the secretary's
office conveys the information that W.
Q. (Bill) Laing is confined to Moore
Barracks Hospital, Shoincllffe, Eng*
lead, suffering from chronic bronchitis.
Ho loft with the 168th battalion last
fall, nearly all of which, at the time of
writing, had crossed into Franco.
"Somewhere In France."
In the meagre casualty reports which
reuch the officers Of the International
Typographical union at Indianapolis,
tho phrase "Somewhere in France" occurs with monotonous regularity. Some
day, perhaps, when this war curtuin
shall nave been lifted, the friends and
relatives of the members of Canadian
unions who have been killed in the European war will receive moro detailed
Mortuary benefits amounting to #7075
have been paid by the International Typographical 'union to the beneficiaries of
twenty-seven. memberB of its Canadian
unionB who have been killed somewhere
in Europe. Nearly 600 membera of the
union have onlisted in the overseas service, Canadian Expeditionary force.
Up to April 1, 1917, mortuary benefits had been paid to the beneficiaries of
the following members killed in the
great war: B. P. Latta, Vancouver, kill-
ed at Ypres, Belgium, on April 24,1915;
William Morton, Victoria, killed somewhere in France, September 16, 1916;
W. M. Fa'tt, Victoria, killed in aeroplane accident in England; F. J. Mof-
fatt, New Westminster, killed somewhere in France, November 1, 1916; 8.
H. Quick, Montreal, killed somewhere
in France, May 6, 1916; S. B. Pollard,
Montreal, killed somewhere in France,
June 3,1916; E. Corniek, Montreal, killed somewhere in Europe, August 12,
1916; T. L. Coady, Montreal, killed
somewhere in France, October 9, 1916;
Bobert Pearce, Montreal, killed somewhere in France, March 1,1917; H. H.
Goodwin, Toronto, killed somewhere in
France, April 24, 1916; W, Anderson,
Toronto, killed somewhere In France,
September 24, 1916; E. E. Burns, Toronto, killed somewhere In Franco, September 20, 1916; F. I. Taylor, Toronto,
killed somewhere in Franco, September
15, 1916; H. A. Harding, Calgary, killed
somewhere in France, June 6, 1916;
William Strang, Calgary, killed at Bo*
nen, France; F. B. Mcuowan, Calgary,
killed in Europo. October 7, 1916; H.
Montgomery, Winnipeg, willed some*
where in France, February 9, 1916; D,
B. Whyte, Winnipeg, killed somewhere
in France, June 14, 1916; Boy Fowler,
Winnipeg, killed somewhere in France,
February 3, 1917; George Harvey, Ottawa, killed somewhere in France, November 18, 1916; W. B. Blanche, Ottawa, killed somewhere in France, November 22,1916; W. C. Mellson, Edmonton,
killed somewhere In France, September
26, 1916; William Johnstone, Edmonton, killed somewhere in France, Sep*
tember 28, 1916; James Heany, St.
Johns (Nfld.), killed somewhere in
France, My 1, 1916; James Howard,
St. Johns (Nfld.), killed somewhere in
France, July 1, 1916; W. J, Jenkins,
London, killed somewhere in Europe,
February 27, 1916.
On the death of a member in good
standing, benefits are paid by the inter,
national union to designated beneficiaries according to length of membership
in the union as follows: One year or
less, $75; one year and less than two,
♦100; two years and less than three,
♦125; three years and less than four,
♦200; four years and less than five,
♦300; five years or over, ♦400. Vancouver Typographical union is paying duns
to the International union for some 35
of its members who have enlisted for
overseas, nnd is thereby protecting
tbelr mortuary benefit in the organization, which will bo paid to the proper
persons In the event of nny being killed.
A womun can make a fool of almost
any man if nature doesn't get the start
of ker.
Insist That the Element of
Profit-making Be
Aak for the Prevention of
Speculation in Food
ho demand has boon repeatedly
made by trade unionists of Canada that
the government take steps to pat an
end to war profits, and at least see that
the big grafters, who tako advantage
of the nation's sorrow, are sent to
places of safe-keeping. They have demanded that beforo any effort is made
to conscript the man-power of the nation, the means of wealth production'
shall also be made the collective property of the nation. With the entry of
the United States into the world war,
comes this, pronouncement from the
trade unionists of Seattle, through their
official _ paper, the Seattle Union Becord:
"It is war, gay the newspapers.
"Let it be so.
"Now that it is here we are ior its
prosecution in the most effective manner and in Ub completion in the shortest possible time. We are for complete
industrial and military preparedness,
and to that end—
"We demand that the government
immediately seize and operate the railroads of the United States in the interest of the people of the United
States. We demand that payment for
these roads, if made at all, since most
of them were built by government
grant, be made on the basis of their actual physical valuation, which is now
being determined by the Interstate Commerce commission.
"We demand that the govornment
seize and operate the telegraph and
telephone systems and incorporate them
into the post office system, in order that
the means of communication may bo
most effectively 'used by the United
States forces.
We demand that all munitions and
arms necessary for the conduct of this
war be commandeered from the plants
engaged in their manufacture at cost
"We demand that all supplies for the
army and navy be commandeered from
the plants engaged iu their manufacture
at cost price.
"We demand that tho government
immediately take steps to' control the
food supply of the nation, to tho end
that all may havo plenty, and that tho
food speculators be prevented from exacting onormous profits.
"Wo demand thut tho wnr be financed on a 'pay-as-you-go' plan, and to
thut end demand thut tho funds necessary be raised by a progressive income
tax on all incomes of $5000 per year or
more. Those who want the war should
perforce puy for the war. They will
not serve ia tho trenches; let them
serve with their fortunes.
'And we predict thut if this is dono
the wur will not lust a month."
The demands of organized labor in
Canadu huve been as completely ignored
as if nover made, by a government absolutely callous and indifferent to tin:
voice of labor. Old Capitalism reigns
triumphantly and the profit-mongers aad
food sharks hold tho fort. Whether the
sume baaeh, under .mother Hag, will do
likewise or not, remains to be seen.
A Bouquet for Bowser.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Red
roses! In memory of the blood of the
Nanaimo miners f
Oh nol presented by tho Conservative' women in acknowledgment of
what the Conservative purty did (not
do) for the enfranchisement of women.
And Mr. Bowser sui<J in the legislative
halls that be would trust to tho memory of the women to thank the Conservatives for tho vote.
My memory goes buck a long way
and registers nothing but insult und
refusal from tho Conservutive party,
and at the last a cowardly sb irking
of responsibility.
The time was ripe for the enfranchisement of women. The Liberals
recognized that and climbed on the
band wagon though they wero just us
much opposed to it as the Conservatives, The Conservatives, in the fuce
of tho election wished to make a virtuo
of necessity but thoy woro not quite
sure if it was a necessity. If they got
in it would not be a necessity, it
would bo shelved, and they hoped to
get In, so they gave the women a
referendum, believing it would not
carry, and the women protested vigorously against being given a stone
when thoy asked for bread.
They were not grateful thon and they
have no ca'use to be grateful now to
either politicul party. They owo
their enfranchisement to the Bense of
justice and fair play in the men of
British Columbia, and ulso to their
own hard work for years, convincing
the men that it was a good and just
Joe Martin said women in politics
could not possibly make any worno
mistakes than men have dono. Therefore, if the men electors make politics
a carnival of flowers we will just
chuckle and suy with Mrs. Poyser,
"There is no doubt thut women nre
silly, God Almighty made them to
mntch the men." Whore there is a
woman to present a bouquot there will
be a man to accept it, whether he deserves it or not. Ouly, let us in futuro givo BUttablo flowers. Red tohch
aro not the correct thing to deck a
bier. Bring ii'oBomary for remembrance of tho denr—very dour—departed. Very dourly indeed has B. O. puid
during the Conservutive regime.
And now we havo tho Liberals in
offico but, us Shakespeure says,
"What's in a unmet"
J. B,
Cobalt Miners Oo Aftor More Wages.
A ballot recently taken by the miners' union in the Cobalt, Ont., district,
has found about 96 per cent, in favor
of adopting a new wage scute.
The Man Who Wants
Work Trousers
—will find at Spencer's easily tlie largest atock and best variety in the
eity. What is more, we have a stock at low prices, starting at 12.00, for
a dark brown tweed.
AT 12.26 there are three patterns, including plain brown and diagonal
grey tweeds that are exceptional values.
AT 22.7(1 there are plenty of patterns in browns, greys and mixtures.
AT 13.50 we have the fumous Halifax tweed anl an English whipcord iu
grey, both very popular trousers with men who want wear.
AND AT 23,90 an English hairline in dark grey, alao a most durable garment.
suoh as a man often wants to eke out a coat and vest that are capable
of further service, we have a fine range of stripe worsteds—thero are
particularly good to wear With a novy serge or any dark coat.  Prices
are 24.60, 25.00, 25.60, 26.00 and 26.60.
NAVY 8EEGE TROUSERS, of excellent quality are here in aU sites at
23.80 and 25.60.
Instead of pure maple.  It is just as good, and cost) considerably leu.
Mode from pure Sugars, and guaranteed to contain no foreign flavoring.
Watch for demonstrations at the leading grocery stores,
Packed In bottles, quarter, half and one gallon tins.
Order a tin today and be convinced.
The Sign USE
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in AU Sections of the Province
-    If lt is not call up the
or drop a card to our ofllce, 005 Twenty-fourth Avonue East.
During the War Dance
will be much in evidence on the
B. C. Electric system.
Special service of cars on Cambie Street
from Hastings to Granville and Robson.
Special service of late cars on all downtown routes. .
Day service will be augmented as the
traffic warrants.
B. C. Electric Observation Car will make
three trips daily from Robson and Granville at 10 a.m., 2 and 4 p.m.  Fare, 25 cents.
Single fare rates on Fraser Valley line
on Wednesday, May 2, and Saturday, May
5, only.
Fare and Third rates on Fraser Valley
line from April 30 to May 7.
Complaints and suggestions always receive prompt and courteous attention. ^ss*sm««!
FRIDAY.... ."...April 27, 1917
Canada's Best Seeds
Rennie's Prize Swede Turnip, for table br stock; i ozs., 20c; per lb ..65c
Bennie's Derby Swede Turnip, biggest cropper; i oz», 20c; per It) . *70c
Perfection Mammoth Bed Mangel, for stock, 4 ozs., 16c; %-lb, 25c;
per lb    ■■■-,-;>. «•
Yellow Leviathan Mangel, good keeper; 4 ozs., 16c; %■», 26c; per lb, 46c
Bennie's Jumbo Sugar Beet, for feeding; 4 ozs., 15c; %-!b, 26c;
per   16    *5c
Select Yellow Dutch Onion Sets; lb, 36c; 5 lbs. 2170
English Multiplier Potnto Onion Seta; lb, 30c; 5 lbs. for  21*40
Ronnie's Mammoth Squash, specimom* 403 lb weight; por pkge 26c
XXX Scarlet Round Whito Tip Radish, pkge, 10c; oz., 20c; 4 ozs., 50c
XXX Molting Morrow Table Peas (dwarf), 4 ozs., 16c; lb, 40c;
5 lbs. ;■■£ »•■»
Round Pod Kidney Bush Buttor Bcnns 4 ozs., 16c
lb, 56c; 5 lbs., 22.40.
Cool nnd Crisp Tablo Cucumber  Package, 6c
oz., 16c; 4 ozs., 40c.
XXX Early Tublo Sugar Corn (very line)  Package, 10c
lb, 40c; 5 lbs., 21.90.
Jlcnnio's Fireball Round Table Beet Package, 10c
- oz., 20c; 4 ozs., 50c.
XXX Early Summer Cabbage (heads 12 lbs. oach), Pnckage, 10c; oz., 30c
Rennie's Market Gordon Tublo Carrot, Pkge., 10c; oz., 25c; 4 ozb., 76c
Early Yellow Danvors Oaion, black seed   Package, 6c
oz., 20c; 4 ozs., 60c; per lb., 21.90.
Ronnie's Seed Annual Free to AH.
Order through your LOCAL DEALER er direct from
Rennie's Seeds
872 Granville Street
-* The kindof Suits the boyi Uke to wear are now on display.   Pinch
Bucks, Norfolks, aud all tbe new and up-to-date styles are shown.
Tel. Bey. 702
309 to.SU Hastings Stmt Wert
Pure Milk T Union Labor
The milk supplied by this
dairy is pure in every sense of
the word.
AU the bottles and utensils
used by this dairy are thoroughly
Our milk supply eomes from
the Fraser Valley.
Our dairy equipment eovers all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
Great Northern Transfer Co., Ltd.
Cartage Agents, Furniture and Piano Removers, Packers and
Baggage delivered to outgoing trains and boats for 26c cents
per piece.
Phone day and night
Sey. 604-405
Evans, Coleman &. Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
Beymour 2988
Uptown Offlee:
Seymour 2S6
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BAQLEY A SONS. 161 Haitian Street Seymour 81S
BLOCHBERQER, F. B.( 818 Broadway But Fairmont 808
BRAND ft PERRY, 638 Pender Street, Wait   Seymoar 8678
BURRARD  PUBLISHINO  CO.,   711   Seymonr   Btrttt    Seymoar   8680
CLARKE * STUART, 820 Seymonr Stnet   ..Seymoar 8
COWAN k BROOKHOUSE, Labor Templi Building Seymonr 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTING 00„ 48T Dinimolr Street Beymenr 1101
EVANS * HASTINGS, Arte and Crafta Bldg., Seymonr St Seymonr 6660
KERSHAW, J. A., 689 Howe St Seymonr 8674
LATTA, BP„ 888 Gore Aw  .Seymoar 1089
MAIN raiOTIRO CO.. 8861 Main Bt *»M™«* "52
MoLEAN a SHOEMAKER. North Vaneonter N. Van. 68
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robion Sta Seymonr 4548
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 187 Pander St    Seymonr 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancoarer N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Seymonr 9593
PEARCE * BODOSON, 616 Hamilton Street Seymour 8998
BOBDDE, O. A.. 616 Homer Stmt      Seymonr 864
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Cambie St Beymour 0609
TERMINAL CITY PRESS. 203 Kln_sway  Fairmont 1U0
THE STANDARD, Homer Btreet ..Seymour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 826 Haatinge W Seymour 8(30
TIMMS, A. H., 980 Fourteenth Ato. E Fairmont 631R
WESTERN PRESS, 838 Cordova W Beymour 7666
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dunemulr St Beymour 8536
WHITE * BINDON, 638 Pender Weet Beymour 1314
Witt* "Union Labal" ob Tear Oopy wkw Tm Sand tt ta tta Printer
President  Watters  Insists
Executive Has Acted
in the very last days, but at the very
first glimmer of the light of regifltra-
tion for the' purpose of conscription, I
am enclosing the circular issued on the
29th of April laat, which I ask be read
again to your edukeil.
"Let me say in conclusion, that a
greater meaaure of co-operation with
the executive on the part of the Trades
and Labor councils and the unions,
guided by reason and common sense,
and less carping criticism and opposition prompted by consideration of the
personal equation or unreasoning prejudice, much greater beneficial results
could be obtained of a permanent character."
Registration Being Made of
Resources of Wealth
and Man-power
PROBABLY NO question discussed by
organized labor in Canada received
ns much attention as tho registration
plan of the National Service board,
about thetime of its incoption. At the
time The Federationist criticized tho
measure and also the officials of Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, in endorsing the schemo before a definite declaration of intention was made, by the
federal government as to what it proposed to do in the matter of wealth
conscription. In thiB position Tho Federationist was strongly endorsed by
most of thc labor organizations of western Canada, and not a few in Eastern
Canada. Among these was Montreal
Trades and Labor council. Inasmuch
as President Watters came in for his
share of the criticism, the following letter, addressed bv Mm in reply to the
Montreal council, though rather belated, may prove of sufficient interest to
warrant publication. It was addressed-
to Secretary Giistav Francq, under date
of Jan. 8, and reads:
President Watters' Reply.
"Replying to yours of the 6th relative to the action of your council on the
registration plan of the National Service board, and to the arguments advanced in opposition thereto, ns well as
to the comments made by President
Foster, as reported in the Labor World,
I am enclosing copy o'f statement (published in The Federationist of March
16.—Ed. Federationist), prepared by me
showing the position adopted by the
CongresB in convention, and the attitude of the executive co'uncil in giving
effect to the same.
"Were the Congress executive Bimply
to be guided literally by the aetion of
the Toronto convention in opposition to
registration without taking into consideration the reasons for such opposition,
the Congress would place itself in a
most anomolous, evon contradictory,
position, which would bo humiliating in
the extreme. How can the war policy
of the Congress of lending 'every assistance to the Allies in a mighty endeavor to secure early and final victory
for the cause of freedom and democracy' be reconciled with a refusal to
comply with the demands of the registration plan, a plan which has for its
very purpose the providing a means
whereby we may lend, effectively, every
assistance to the Allies!
''' President Foster is reported to have
snid, 'it is time we had un executive
who truly expressed the opinion of the
men they are representing.' But thnt
is exactly what tho executive have
done, not nlone with respect to registration nnd conscription, but to the vory
pronounced opinion expressed in relation to the support of the war. The
opposition expressed at the Toronto
convontion to registration wns based,
ns my enclosed statement points out, on
its being tho preliminary step to conscription, in other words to open the
door to conscription. But. the door is
already open. Instead of appointing a
National Service board, the government had the power, by order-in-council,
to put the Militia Act into operation,
and by so doing, conscription would be
in effect. The door to conscription is
open, it was designed to close tbe door
that registration was adopted. Was it
the .duty then of the executive to help
close the door, or should they have recommended it should be left open! And
which aetion was calculated to give effect to the expressed opinion of the
men the executive represent!
"President Foster is reported to have
further said: '.The workers had nsked
that registration apply to natural resources, and the prime minister states
now that any further action had to be
submitted to parliament.' An ordor-in-
council ia -sufficient for ub workers, but
for the rich, it requires the sanction of
parliament.' I hope this is not a correct report of the statoBmnts mnde by
President Foster, as be must surely
know that the registration plan doeB*
include the natural resources, the productive capacity of the land, mills,
mines, railways ahd factories. It waB
not in reply to the representations made
by the executive on registration, but to
the urgency with which we pressed for
the conscription of wealth that the
primo minister said: 'The government
has already accepted and ncted-on this
principle. Any further proposals in that
regard must be submitted to parliament
in the firBt instance after obtaining the
sanction and approval of the crown.'
There is a wide difference between the
registration and that of the conscription of wealth. Nor should registration
and conscription ever be confused. The
registration of all the means of wealth
production is coincident with the registration of man-power (labor); and the
executive also Btand squarely for the
conscription of wealth before resort
should be had to the conscription of
man-power. Registration and not conscription is the problem beforo us, and
'natural resources,' etc., is being registered by means of the order-in-council,
Just as is man-power.
"President Foster iB further reported
to bave stated that 'the executive had
waited until the very last days to consult the unions. They should have got
the opinion of organized labor long before that.' In regard to that statement
let us Bee: If the objection to registration by President FoBter, nnd your council, iB based on preventing tho government from ascertaining how our efforts
can best be utilized in lending 'assistance to the Allies,' then the resolution
adopted and the comments made would
be logical, even though in direct .and
flagrant contradiction to the war policy
of the Congress. If, on the other hand,
the objection is based on its being the
first step to conscription, it mny bo recalled that the executive did not wait
until the very last days to consult the
unions but immediately the first sign of
danger in that direction arose, tho
unions were consulted, and nsked to
what extent they wqre prepared to cooperate with the executive to meet the
menace. With few exceptions, the
unions refused to co-operate, henco the
unions and not tho Congress exocutive,
must bear tbe onus, In case President
Foster has forgotten the action of the
executive in consulting tho unions, not
Liberal   Machine   Already
Emulating Conservative
"Workers of the World Unite.'
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: It wos
an interesting suggestion of Delegate
George Burtley's thnt a woman be
chosen as Btandard bearer of the Labor
movement in the hope thut she would
be accorded the unanimous support
which former labor candidates havo not
received. Tho suggestion, though
broad-minded, does not reach the root
of the matter, which is not a question
of sex, but of petty joalousy and an
intolerance of each other's private beliefs and affiliations quito worthy of
Luther or Calvin, As one of the new
voters, I appeal to the workers of this
province to support a working man for
parliament, on tho broad ground that
he is a working man and therefore
able to look at practical quostions from
the workers' point of view.
For that candidato I wrfald vote and
I would not ask whether he was a
socialist or a trados unionist, or a
hardshcet Baptist, because it is quite
immaterial to me whether Mb personal
views of a future state include a belief in hellfire or in the coming of the
co-operative commonwealth. What does
it matter what he believes or what he
calls himself as long as he is a worker
and knows what the workers want.
Parker WilliamB did good work in tho
House in my opinion (and being a voter
I now have a right to my opinion),
knowing the desperate need for an opposition in the Houso he worked for
the Liberals and I consider he wob
justified. I would- have voted cheerfully for the devil himself or evon for
M, A. Macdonald in the same circumstances. But the workers put him
dut of the Social Democrati^party and
out of his seat in parliament, and incidentally choked themselves by having
him rammed down their throats in another capacity. Maybe he had his own
axe to grind, but if so he waB no worse
than the Conservatives and Liberals.
And, as Sir Qeorge Foster said, we are
quite properly represented and get
what we want.
Ab long as the electors condone graft
they will be represented by grafters.
For instance, "Meta Clotilde" Price
Ellison was again nominated instead of
being dropped. He suited his constituents. There are good and bad- in
every party. The masses are not all
moral nor the classes all depraved. For
what says the Gilbertinn ditty:
"Hearts just as true and fair
May beat in Belgrnve square,
Ab in the purer air
Of Seven Dials."
Therefore let us support the Lnbor
candidates whole-heartedly, not because they are better or worse thnn
other men) but simply becauso the
workers should be represented by a
If we cannot send members enough
to form a government, they can at
least do as the Irish purty did in England, throw thoir weight on the side
of the Conservatives or the side of the
Liberals as the occasion requires, so
that they may get the reforms we want.
Hitherto tbe workers of B. C. have just
quarrelled and whined and lot everything go by default. '
If they continue to do so in this
great time of reconstruction thut is
coming, thoy deserve to be crushed nnd
trampled out of existence
There is no placo in thiB world for
such fatuous idiocy.
Road Estimates Will G^
Direct to Government
In This Case
23.—Again I attempt to project mysolf
into print to toll of tho happenings,
political and oconomic, in this nock of
the woods. I attended a recont meoting, in ono of tho farming sections of
thiB district, called by tho Liberal Association of Ladysmith. Written invitations hud beeu sont round to tho farmers of tlio district. During the meeting
a statement was mnde by one of the
Liberal heelers that Mr. Sloan requested
them (the Liberal association) to pussyfoot aroMiul thc district to see how
much road work tho farmers would
want done in return for their votes. At
least that is how it listened to me. The
statoment was also made from the sarao
source that the Hon, Wm. Slonn wns representing this district until a bye-election would be held (storms of protests
—who voted for Sloan!) Anyhow, estimates were made as to the amount of
road work necessary, whereupon ono of
the aforesuid Liberal suggested that a
Liberal association be formed to handle
the matter. Somebody mado a motion
to forward the estimates directly to the
government, and a Liberal amendment
was made to send them to the executive
of the Liberal association. Tho amendment was turned down and the meoting
decided to send the estimates directly
to the government. So us. far us open
work is concerned the Liberals in this
part of the district have again died.
They are now walking about in tho
spirit, purusing the tactics for which
the yare admirably adapted, gum-shoe-
ng, etc.
'awards the close of the meeting I
made a suggestion that the meeting
pasB a resolution condemning tho government for depriving this constituency
of a member, and also demanding nn
election forthwith. Tho chairman threw
out a lot of twaddle about it not being
fair to deprive tho women of the right
to exercise the franchise. I have a notion that the Liberals have repeatedly
been in power in Canudu and it iB a
wondor thoy didn't give the women the
vote then. At the conclusion of the
chairman's remarks tho meeting adjourned.
A total of moro thnn 1000 names havo
been added to Tho Federationist mailing list sinco tho Revelstoke convention
of the B. C. Federation of Labor. There
is still room for nnother thousand or
Harbor Board Raises Wages.
The Harbor Board has recognized tho
necessity of paying a Uttle more wages
to its workmon, an example that might
well be followed by other locnl employ^
ers. They nro now paying tho even
$3 per day of eight ho>arB, inBtead of
35 cents per hour as heretofore, to mon
engaged on the FalBe Crook tideflats
below Granville street bridge.
Foolish Followers of Fashion.
" * * * If tho women who can
afford to dross well continue to array
themselves in fashion's latest decree
thon those who cannot afford it will
also get outfits, no matter how great ia
the sacrifice entailed. The modern woman, even if she is poor,' will try to follow tn attire ns closely as possible the
leaders of society.' "—Tho Voice.
Pleaie remember that no latter
acknowledgment of labiorlp-
tiom or renewal! are made,
The address label on yonr
paper carries tbe data to which
your subscription Is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
offloe, the correct change In
v your label date la not made,
notify ua at onoe. When yon
have a kick to mako regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send It to thla offlce—not to
tbe other fellow. Thus yoa
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C.. Federationist
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. O.
Of America -JO**
ahlbltlon!    Demand per
Vote against prohibition! Demand per*
aonal liberty In ehoosln. what yon will drink.
Aak for thla Label when pnrehaalng Beer,
Al. or Porter, aa • maranteo that it la Union
Had.. Thla b onr Label
Alone line of P. O. E. Railway open park line lands. .The inost mixed
farming landa in thp province.
Good water, beat of hunting and fishing. The settlers who have gone
in there are ail boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Welton Block, Vancouver
VICTORIA. B. 0.: 018 View Btreet.  Phone, 1869.   Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Road.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. 0.: Greenhouses and Nursery on 0. P. R.  Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubi, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Mnin Storo and Registered Offlce:  VANCOUVER, B. 0.
43 Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 999*672.
Branch Storo, Vancouver—728 Granville Street.    Phone Seymour 9513
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Halt snd Host, ind, incidentally,
furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
- Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Compsny, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores ln
Capital 115,000,000        Best 115,600,000
Main Offlce:   Corner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
COMMERCIAL DBIVK Oor. lint Ann. ud Commercial Drln
EAST END Cor. Pander and Hals Strata
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Annus and Oranlll. Street
HASTINOS and CAMBIE Oor. Haitian aad Oambl. Strata
KITSILANO... Cor. Fonrtk ATenno end Yew Strset
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eight* Arena, and Hall Strat
POWELL STREET Oor. Victoria Drlte aad Pow.ll 8trat
SOOTH BILL Cor. Fort,*eltttk aad Fraaer Ara.
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenne and Eiplanede
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
For Sale Everywhere.
Saks Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
5118 Alborta St, Vanoouver, B. C.
3 for "fee 2 for 25c
Sullivan-Taylor and the Ford Car
240-250 Kingsway - Buy from us. We guarantee satisfaction. - Phone Fairmont 2730-273 FRIDAY...
..April 27, 1917
My Introductory Rebate Offer is
Open Until Saturday Night
UNTIL then you ean secure a rebate of ONE DOLLAR ON EVERY
CHARGE OP FIVE DOLLARS for dental work at my offlce. This
offer covers not only work actually done during the week, tot also all
work for which arrangements are made
MY OFFICE was eo busy last week that all who desired to take advantage of my speolal offer could not be given attention. In order to treat
all fairly, I have continued it for this week. In fairness to my large
regular practice, however, I cannot extend it beyond next Saturday.
PATIENTS ARRANGING for work under my offer aro assured of personal attendance by myself and the same high standard of skill, workmanship and materials whioh I give in my regular practice.
Upper or Lower plate $10.00 Gold Fillings —	
Gold Crowns, 22 karat. $5*00 Porcelain Fillings $1.60
Porcelain Crowns  $6.00Silver Fillings  $1.50
Bridgework, per tooth $5.00 Painless Extraction    60c
No charge made for extraction when ln preparation for
Plates or Bridgework.
Open Evenings Tuesday and Saturday 7 to 0
PHONE SEYMOUR 2716 Offlce Hours: 9 am. to 6 p3!
Method fer
Alleviating Pain
Guarantee on
Plates, drown
and Bridgework
Cor. Hastings and Seymour Streets.
... - . _ BAKING
NABOB powder
Your best efforts at cake making
and cake baking will fall far
short of success if your baking
powder is not up to standard.
Use Nabob Baking Powder and
be tare of your results.
Made a new pants for you last week. It's reinforced
seat and knees, double CARHARTT value in wear
to you. Ask your dealer for Union Goods, made
Canadian Northern Railway
Telephone Seymour 2482
Union Men Getting Restless Under Discriminatory "Soops"
President Taylor of B. C. F.
of L. Holding Meetings
with Good Results
"MINERS WANTED—On Vancouver Island; union or non-union
men all alike to the company."
24.—Abovo was tho story peddled in
tho Crows Nest valley, and I foil for it.
But upon arrival here I have found
that it doesn't work out just exactly
that way. The first morning down at
the mino I, with the other slaves, was
given to understand by tho mine superintendent that if I wanted to stay
with tho United Mine Workers it would
be necessary to find employment elsewhere, And this after the company
had sont to a union camp for miners,
evidently with tho object of putting ou
tbe screws after they got us here —
But of ono thing I am sure: That the
U. M. W. of A. will either bo recognized here during tho noxt two or three
months or the mines will bo closed
down. Tho company has an agreement,
or what they call nn agreement, that
some of the mon signed, but that can
scarcely bo expected to speak for the
union men. The fact remains that the
wages aro too small and tho working
conditions unsatisfactory.
B. 0. F. of L. President Busy.
Bro. Naylor, president of the B. C.
Foderation of Labor, recently called
a nmss-meotiiig, under tho auspices of
the U. M. W. of A., with the result
that some of tho city fathers, pit-bosBOB
and office hands were there in force,
probably having to spy on union men
in order to hold their own jobs. However,, Bro. Naylor handled thom all
There aro some of tho best union men
here I havoj met in the country and it
just needs a rattling good Btrike, in
which union aud non-union miners alike
will join, to clean up tho situation, and
incidentally deliver tho goodB for tho
U. M, W. of A., and all the good things
it stands for.
(Continued from page 1)
ing ao by dispelling the ignorance of
tho workers as thoy aro educational factors of the highest order.
Some Theories.
Tho pjro and simple political socialist, or using more correct terminology—
parliamentary socialist—with his "radical, profundity" relics on tho ballot for
a weapon. His theory is a peaceful revolution by obtaining a majority in
legislative bodies. So far he has been
reformist nnd propagandist and outside
of tho educational work performed, the
only prncticnl rosult lie lias achieved
was to decrease the Kaiser's salary, but
this was moro thnn compensated for by
the voting of a war loan in 1014.
Tho syndicalist or industrial unionist
(for practical purposes tho terms aro
synonymous) advocates organization by
industries. His weapons nre direct action and sabotage. Theoretically ho obtains all he wants and moro by means
of tho social general striko. So far his
efforts have been mostly expended in
In tho past trades unionism hns
played an important port. At present
its role is to resist potty encroachments
of tho capitalist nnd when it has fulfilled its mission, it will doubtless, liko
nny other institution, go oat of existence.
As to Remuneration.
Ono of tlio popular fnllacioa of tho socialist and industrial unionist, who believo in thoir co-operative commonwealth and industrial democracy as tho
/S £>ELIVEREl> by
Yard No. 1.   4905 Ontario Street, cor. Bodwell Road. Phone Fraser 41
Yard No. 2.   3612 Victoria Road, cor. 20th Avenue. Phone Highland 226
Branch Office.   4186 Main St. (Opp. Dreamland Theatre).    Phone Fairmont 2500
Manager of tho B. C. Telephone Co.,
who recently preBideB at the opening
ceremonies in connection with tho
opening of the long-distance line of
his company, connecting Vancouver
directly with all points in the Kootenay district, thus linking another
large section of the province more
closely with Vancouver. Mr. Mc-
Gougan has been receiving congratulations from Vancouvor business men'
all week for the enterprise shown in
the construction of the lines.
Chmtian does in his heavon, is that
under a co-operative syBtem each individual will receive tho full product of
his toil. Such an assertion is as misleading as tho truth when coming from
an habitual liar for under no Bystora is
such possible, although an nppronch to
such might be attained. If the scientists are correct, only time ond spnee nro
absolute. Everything else mast then bo
t Previous and present systeniB of society hnvo had their successive stages,
so it ib poBBiblo. that socialism may also
and leading socialist workers will be
remunerated for thoir services lust as
they are now.
State Capitalism.
The coming of stnte capitalism has
been hastened by tho world-wide war,
under which production falls on the
shoulders of a few and in which all useless labor must be eliminated. The efficiency of labor was never so great as
it is today. Tomorrow it will be more
Under stato capitnliBm tho stato conserves the physical welfaro of its people. Old nge pensions, compensation for
injuries whilo employed, widows' pensions, prohibition, federnl employmont
offices, are Borno of tho mothods used
to increase efficiency in industry, and it
is always the man who is most efficient
in industry who makes tho most efficient soldier.
Government employment for the unemployed will be introduced, bat it will
hnvo itB limits. When the individual or
firm cannot employ labor at a profit, it
refrains from doing so. Thus it will bo
with tho state, but on a larger scale.
Undor state capitalism, unemployment
will exist as nover before,'and it will
increase directly as labor efficiency.
Some of the by-products of tho wnr,
which characterize, or will characterize,
state capitalism, are extension of tho
frnnchiso to men and the granting of it
to women, female labor, heavy burden
of taxation, preference to married men
for jobs, tax on bachelors, a revision of
thc laws and customs of marriage, bonuses for male children, nnd perhaps artificial fertilization, which, wo arc informed, has been experimented upon
Wars will automatically bo abolished
when thoy bocomo too expensive, and
so will stato capitalism, when, after being organized to thc limit, it is found
that a cheaper, moro economical and
saner Bystem is at hand to replace it.
Tho well-known words of tho "Communist Manifesto" once    more apply
All fixed, fast-frozen ideas with their
train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions nro sivopt away, All
new formed ones become antiquated beforo thoy can ossify. All that is Bolid
melts into nir; all thnt is holy is profaned, and man is nt last compelled to
face with sober senses his ronl conditions of lifo and his rotations with his
Pte. "Bill" Maiden Wounded.
Pto. W. E. (Bill) Jtaidcn has boon
woundod in action, according to private
advices received by his wifo this week
in tho Royal City. Pto, Maiden went
overseas with tho 131st Buttnlion, and
he has u son fighting in the trenches
sinco tho 47th Battalion first draft
reached France. He is a former president of New Westminster Trades and
-abor Council, a member of thc Typo
union. Ho is reported wounded in the
Tho management of tho Hotel St.
Regis hns just boon taken over by Mr.
M. E. McCoy, formerly manager of the
National Hotel at Hunna, Alborta,
whoro ho won for his hoBtolry a reputation which extended far tnd wide.
Mr. McCoy comes to take charge of the
St. Regis with thc intention of catering to the best cluss of trade and is
planning to carry ou the business in a
manner in every way in keeping with
thc high reputation he won in Alborta.
Certain alterations have already been
mado in the operation of the dining
room and bar of the St. Regis, which
have raised the standard of tho hotel
and illustrates tho dblo manner in which
the hotel will be conducted under Mr.
McCoy's management. "**
Friends of Tho Federationist should
go after every returned soldier they
can loeatc. See that thoy receive Tho
Federationist regularly. There IS a
The voters' lists of thd province are
now open to men and women. Register
todny if yen aro not already on the lint.
Bobt. W. Servict'H Famous Poont I'Murizeil.
"Tim  S]nU of the  Yukon,"  n now  Metro
rondorplrfj prodiicbd hy Popular Plnys and
I'luyiTK, under the direction uf Minion KinR.
will   Ijo  Ifieti   ut   Die   Itri'iidwny  Theatre,   '■■■
Mon dny und VuMdny, "Tin. Spell of tho
Vnkou ' in another piciura aflnpled from tho
poem of thd nm nine, by Robert W. Ser*
vico, whMo "Sbootlnft of pan McGrow"
proved lo be each n Rood fihiL The new picture   repreiucoe   ihe   rough,  wild  fife  of
Hie    Aln.Hkiin    iruldlMd-,    tint   il.-vll■mny-rnn-
spirit of Dm (ftneo halls nnd gambling dene,
nnd then, n* a fell to all (Ms, itm culture
nnd   r.'lllwiiKMil   of   Now    York's   amnnf   sOt*
There aro thrilling scenes of Hip stock market, When  fortunes  lire  won  nnd  Wl  in  nn
hour, nnd (lien there it* the wludf-cnim* fn-
I Aliened of n tsirl mid boy love «fl'nlr. Kdm.n.d
I lifodio i<- Hi.- star of tin< production, end
j CtiriKliiiP  Mayo  in  IiIh  h-nding woman.
U. S.  President  Will  Be
Asked to Take the
Lid Off
New York Unions Will Ask
A. F. oft. to Vigorously Protest
That the trade unionists of the Uni*
ted States, as well ns other places that
cannot be vory well mentioned, are going to have troublei of their own, is
quito patent. Secretary A. S. Weill of
tho B. C. Federation of Labor, is at
present in Now York, attending a con'
ferenco of the Amalgamated Carpentors, his "very own" organization. In
a letter received from Mr. Wells yesterday, he encloses a clipping from the
New York Tribune of April 21, which
will be of particular interest to Britiah
Columbians and of general interest to
the wage-workers of Canada. The excerpt reads:
"Tho executive committee of the
New York board of trade announces
the text of tho bill it will have introduced in Congress empowering the
President in time of war to suspend
any laws excluding aliens from the United States, This is especially' designed
to allow the influx of tho cheap labor
of the East—ChineBe and Japanese
coolies—to till the land of the nation
during tho war.
"Opposition to tho bill has already
been raised by the Central Federated
Union, which has appointed a delegation to go to Washington and urge the
American Federation of Labor to flght
the measure.
"Although tho bill authorizes the
President to suspend existing provisions of tho labor laws, ita advocates
insist that in timo of peaco it provides
for ample protection for Amorican labor against foreign competition. It sots
forth that the suspension of laws regarding tho entrance of aliens shall
continue only for one year after the
conclusion of penoc, if the President
so desires."
Movement on Foot to Make It Once
Every Five Tears.
Tho intermittent agitation for the
abolition of tho annual conventions of
tho I. T. U. has again taken definite
form, and it Ib not improbable that the
question will be submitted to a referendum vote at no distant date. .The April
Monthly Bullotin of the Northwestern
Typographical Conference Seattle, announces:
"About the first of the month your
secretary sent out to all unions in tho
district copios of resolutions dealing
with tho abolishment of annual conventions of tho I. T. U. This wai done
in accordance with instructions, of the
last convention, so as to bring the mat
ter to tho attention of tho unions so
thnt\they might endorse tho plan if
they ihnv fit. I mention tho proposition
hero at this time, as it will come bofore
your union at its noxt mooting, in nil
probability, and if you are not already
familiar with it from tho proceedings
of the Conference eonvention, this will
serve to bring it to your attention, In
brief: The resolutions set forth thnt
tho annual convention is n heavy flnnncial burden on tho individual unions
and, owing to tho fact that nil import
ant changes in our laws at tho present
time aro adopted or rejected by a referendum vote, why not do away with tho
annual gatherings and hold one, say
evory five years? Tho dividing of tho
Internntionnl into districts is also provided for, each district to elect itB own
Labor Oongress  Vice-President  Doing
Effective Work as Business Agent.
Tho United Brotherhood of Carpenters is going strong. Local 017 held a
successful meoting Monday night, when
eleven now members wero initiated,
and three admitted on clearances. Organizer J. Robison reported everything
looking in good shape for the Increase
of wages.
Looal 1803, Ship Carpenters, Coulk-
ers, Joiners und Boat Builders, added
eight now members at their last meeting and expect by tonight's meeting
to have nil the mechanics following this
class of work onrolled in their ranks.
They do not anticipate any trouble in
having tlieir demands met for u Blight
increase in wuges und change in conditions, ns tho samo aro in forco in Victoria and at all Puget Hound ports.
A. Watchman, vice-president of the
Trados and Lubor Congross of Canada,
is acting as business agont.
Wireless Operators' Inquiry,
The board, numed under the provisions of tho federal Industrial DiBputqs
Act to inquire into conditions covering thc wireless opyrutors plying on
Pacific coast boats, employees of the
Marconi Wireless Co., with a viow to
securing a wage increase und improved
working conditions, ia sitting at Victoria today, after having hold several
sessions in Vancouvor during tho wook.
It Pays To Organize.
Aftor an effort extending over 20
yenrs, the street railwaymen of Toledo
have succecdod in effecting an organization, despito the stronuous opposition
of tho company. The results were seen
recent!)* when the company was compelled to yield to tho mon and grant
a \vttg0 increase which will mean
.{■25,000 annually more for tho pockets
of the street rail wuy boys.
Refined Service
Ono Block west of Court Douse.
Uao of Modern Chapel nnd
Funeral  Parlors freo to nil
Telephone Seymour 2425
A Pair of
Overalls Free
With Every $15.00
Suit Sold
During the next few days
a pair of Union Made Overalls will be given free with
every suit sold at $15.00.
The Overalls are the genuine "No ■ Rip" Engineer
Overalls, full size, with service guaranteed.
This offer is made simply
to introduce to the Union
men of Vancouver our
splendid $15.00 suits — the
finest values to be had in
Canada—made of good serviceable worsteds and
other fabrics, in economical and pleasing colorings.
Every suit made to look well, fit well and wear well,
and guaranteed unmatchable value at $15.00.
Overalls given free with every suit.
^(JhpBudsonsBaijdompaiu). m
-_. L    J      ■ m ...      m___J_ts   i*f*      WWTI saamtma. imn mhhjiww ^    A_^^_ J
Granville and Georgia Streets
Wake Up-lt's not an Undertaker You Need
Ten or more members of any trades anion in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST Mailed to their individual
addresses ut the rate of $1 per year.
Quick Action in R\
Telephone Service atladner
THERE could be no better demonstration of how fully
the importance and necessity of telephone service is
appreciated by the company that maintains this great utility
for the public uso than thc quick work done in restoring service at Ladner on Friday.
BEFORE ATTEMPTING to rob thc bank at Ladner, all
telephone wires, local and long distance, were eut by the
robbers. The damage was not discovered until Friday
morning, and as no wires were working out of the Ladner
exchange, there was delay in getting word to thc plant
department at Vancouver.
INFORMATION REACHED thc department at 9.30 a.m.,
and in one hour emergency materials, splicers and helpers
were rushed to catch thc 10.30 ferry at Woodward's Landing, twelve miles from Vancouver. It was very quick work.
IT SHOWED how alert and ready the company is at a time
of emergency. It demanded rapid* thought and action on
the part of tho men, for a splicer had to be picked up away
out at the corner oi* Sixteenth Avenue and Trafalgar Street,
lt called for motor vehicles being absolutely in shape for
any kind of a run, for the roads across Lulu Island at this
time ot thc year are rough. Onc hour is little enough time
for the trip under ordinary conditions, but in this instance
time for preparation had to be included. But when thc
ferry left at 10.30 o'clock thc B. C. Telephone repair gang
was on board. It had to be, for there was no other ferry
until thc middle of thc afternoon.
THE SPLICERS did fine work. By evening they had connected up 400 wires, and, in addition, the long-distance
wires were also put into Bcrviee.
THIS IS tho first instance of where all thc telephones in
one of the company's exchanges have been put out of service at ono time, but thc magnitude of thc work caught no
one napping.
B. C. TELEPHONE service is continuous—as continuous as
human effort can possibly make it. PAGE SIX
If you want to buy anything in'the line of
Ladies' Millinery, Coats, Skirts, Dresses, Millinery
or General Dry Goods, we extend to you a cordial invitation to visit our store and see the values we are
George J. Fowler, Ltd.
Union Goods
Union Men
Wherever possible we have always endeavored
Men's Suits, $15, $18, $20, $25 and $30.
Old values at old prices, regardless of the condition of the wool market Over 6000 Suits to select
from in our Two Big Stores.
f .Jh. Dick, Ltd
We are in favor of a 48-ho» week and a minimum wage. ;,. _\ j jj
Ask our twenty clerks how they are treated
and the wages they are paid.
Workingmen, don't
neglect your teeth—
AS a workingmnn, yon need good teeth as do no other class.
Your work is usually heavy and demands thnt you eat well
and that your food is thoroughly digested.
Tou can't digest your food properly unless it is weM masticated
and you can't masticate your food unless your teeth are in
good order.
If your teeth are defective, see me at onco. You will flnd that
by giving them attention you will improve both your digestion
and geiloral health aad be better able to do your work.
Crowns and
My work is of the highest standard and my prices are reasonable. On crown and bridge work I use only '2JL kt. gold 30 g.
thickness, strongly reinforced on the biting surface. My plates
conform with your own teeth and preserve perfectly your natural countenance.
N.B.—I make special efforts to do dental work promptly for
out-of-town patients. Write me as to the day of your coming and, on your arrival, phoie Sey. 3331 at once for an
appointment. Workingmen ia Vancouver and vicinity may
take advantage of my office being opened Tuesday and
Friday evenings.
Free Examinations by Appointment,
Open Tuesday ind Friday evenings.  Close Saturday at 1 o'clock.
Dr.fireii Ay&ersot)
Crown ond Bridge Specialist «•
602 Hastings St. West
Corner Sftymoor Strut
Discuss  Relation  of
Present W>ge to Cost
of Foodstuffs
Some of the Prevalent May
Day Spirit at Last
an enthusiastic and well-utteiidi'd
meeting Wednesday evening. Several
routine matters were disposed in short
order, to make way for delegations and
an important discussion among the
street railwaymen themselves over Old
Banqo H. C. of L. A thoroJgh discussion of the. latter subject resulted
in Division No. 101 deciding to aak the
New Westminster and Victoria divisions to join them in thc fornuilutiou of
a special committee to go into tho
whole question of how they were to
make ends meet on the present wage.
After tho subject has been threshed out
among the tri-city divisions, a small
committee, representative of all, will
be named to meet the B. C. E. R. officials"'with a view to having a little
heart-to-heart talk over matters in general. The members, of course, are tied
up with an agreement until tlie close of
the war, but that will not preclude any
later arrangement which might be mutually agreed upon.
Support Sugar Refinery Strikers.
The delegation from the striking 'unorganized employees of the B. C. Sugar
('Refinery, who are daily holding meetings at the Lnbor Temple, was well received, and the union decided to extend them every support possible, financially and otherwise.
Another delegation from the Barbers'
union was listened to with attention,
with the result that it will not be well
for any of the boys to be guilty of patronizing any but union barber shops.
Workmen's Compensation.
Two complaints wero made as to tho
non-settlement of claims made under
the provisions of the B. C. Workmen's
Compensation Act, one of which dated
buck to January last. A third case had
been settled promptly. Tbe secretary
was instructed to write tho secretary,
of the board at Victoria asking for
an explanation.
Members and Their Uniforms.
From a discussion which took place
relative to uniforms, it is quite clear
that tho members themselves have been
somewhat \ax in making their applications to the company for requisitions. Hence the delay complained of,
Jiembers aro entitled to a new uniform
each year, half of thc cost being borne
by the company. But at least a month's
notice should be given by those desiring new uniforms.
Not "Capt." Beatty.
Bill" Beatty has returned from a
training camp in England and is again
on duty, after a year's absence. He
is looking at least ten years younger.
Motorman Geo. Mitchell, a member
who was initiated into Division No.
101 on November 8, 1911, died recently
in Englnnd, from cancer of the Btom-
Chicago Union's New Building.
The new building of Division 241,
Chicago, is owned by the members of
the largest individual union in ' the
world. It will be the largest building
owned by any trade union on tho continent. It covers a space 100x180 feet,
with three floors and basement beautiful tile roof and fireproof throughout. The tower of the building, which
will be constructed mainly of stone,
will have clocks facing the four directions of tho compass. The mooting
hall will accommodate 1,000 more
people than tho Auditorium at Michigan boulevard and Congress street,
It will have a gallery accommodating
1,400 people and an auditorium fioor
100x180 feet, accommodating 3,000
people. The clock tower will be 120
feet above the ground. The building
will be of Bedford stone, polished granite nnd pressed brick, nnd thc roof of
glazed tile. Tho flrst floor will contain 15 stores, and the spacious corridors and loggia will have marble floors
and walls, extending from the ilrst floor
to the balcony. Tho second storey will
contain a small meeting haU* accommodating about 400 people, On this
floor will be located the hendqnarters
of Division 241, 308 nnd Tho Union
Lender, all fitted properly for association purposes. It will also contain
twelve offices for rental, toilet facilities and the cloak rooms for the main
hall. The basement has been prepared
for future improvements nnd has nbout
1,500 square feet of floor space, with a,
10-foot ceiling. i
New Schedule at Winnipeg,
Winnipeg Street Railway employees
have their proposed schedule before thc
compnny. They nsk for nn increase of
throe centB per hour on all grades, and
n minimum of $12 per week for spare-
men. As the lowest rnte is now only
2oc, the increase would bring it to 28c,
...April 27, 1M7
u Self-
Imped Nemo
Corsets Tomorow
Demonstration This Week
ALLOW THE expert
corsetiere from the
Nemo Institute to
show you Nemo Corsets
and explain their exceptional features to you.
The demonstration affords an opportunity to
become familiar with the
various valuable devices
for which Nemos have become famous. Nemo Corsets are entirely different
to other corsets. They accomplish things that other
corsets can not accomplish.   Ask the corsetiere.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and oloses at 6 p.m.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
two cents below the minimum rnte
which the city has set for general laborers. On the face of it the request
will be a hard one to turn down or compromise on. Tho company is putting up
the defence thnt receipts are below normal in any event and still furthor below on account of the activities of jitneys. The union replies that the employees were never invited to sharo the
swag when tremendous dividends wen*
being produced, and that their actual
wages now are far less than they have
ever been in the past.
Parliamentary Committee.
The new parliamentary committee of
the  centrnl  labor body  will meet in
room 210, Labor Temple, next Tuesday
evening, 8 o'clock.
Colonial Theatre Trouble Settled.
During the wetjk tho Moving Picture
Operators and Musicians employed by
tho Colonial theatre were locked out
and replaced by non-unionists. Vancouver Theatrical Federation at once
got busy, and late yesterday evening
Business Agent S. A. Summer and Secretary A. O. Hansen were able to report a settlement, the manager having
conceded all demands made. The fight
was rnther spirited while it lasted.
476 OranviUe Street (downstairs)
The cost of all ware should fall
stlely upon the property interests
of the country Involved, That is,
the cost in material things. The
human cost should be borne by
those who are not required for
the actual operation of necessary
industry, utterly regardless of
whether such possess property or
The Boldier should receive pay
equivalent at least to the average
wage ln the field of industry.
This would enable him to leave
his dependents at least as well
provided for as In times of peace.
In case of death or disablement,
the pension provisions should be
also based upon the average wage
No distinction should be made
between officers and men, either
in pay or pensions.
No patriotic fundi and other
begging, blackmailing and vulgar charity schemes ihould be
tolerated. All such we not only
vulgafr, debasing and unwarranted in any country worth fighting
for, but they afford a nesting and
roosting place for a joblot of
nose-poking nuisances that might
be better employed either fighting at the front or doing necessary janitor work at heme.
Labor should not only have a
voice in the admlnMration of
war, but should haw complete
control of the induMrial end of
Vnder no. circumstances should
labor stand for conscription,
With the pay of the soldier
based upon the wage of labor in
industry, the problem of recruiting the necessary forces to carry
on war would be solved. Compulsory service would be unnecessary.
Not only should no previously
gained concessions be surrendered b,y the workers because of
war, but everything requisite to
•te betterment of labor conditions should be as energetically
pushed forward then as at any
other time.
Civic Employees' Union Making Good
Fight for Restoration of Prewar Conditions.
Tbe sessions of the investigation of
the claim of city workmen ia the civic
board of works department for a minimum wage of (3 per eight-hour day,
and their allegation that foremen in the
city service were appointed as the result of aldermanic preference, and not
on account of their knowledge ofHhe
work they wero required to supervise,
began in the courthouse Monday evening and have been continued during the
The enquiry, which is being conducted under the provisions of the
federal Industrial pisputcs Investigation Act, through the medium of a
board appointed by the federal department of labor at the request of the
Civic Employees' union, was presided
over by Mr. Justice Murphy, his colleagues on the board being Mr, Charles
Reid, representing thc city; and Mr. V.
B. Midgley, the representative of the
civic employees. The ciibb for the city
was preBontod _by J. B. Williams of the
city solicitor's* department, while J, H.
McVety appearod on behnlf of the men.
Officers of the Civic Employees' union
are well satisfied with results to dnte,
and feel confident thut they aro making
Representative Meeting Wednesday
Evening in Labor Temple
There wasn 't a busier corner in Vancouvor than around the Labor Temple
on Wednesday evening. So far as the
industrial life of tho city is concerned
probably the most important was tho
mnss-meeting of thc Allied Metal
Trades council. During the Meek a
new wage scale and working agreement had been mailed to the employers,
covering all affiiliated trndes. This
"blanket" agreement hns been the subject of a good deal of consideration for
some weeks past, and inasmuch as next
Monday is the date set for its enforcement the meeting on Wednesday
evening may have a considerable bearing on the entire shipbuilding industry,
which is primarily affected by the new
Today sub-committocB of the Metal
Trades council are hasy interviewing
the various employers affected. The
report of these committees will be heard
at another masB-meeting of the council
to be held in the Labor Temple tomorrow evening. Upon the reports of
the committees future action on the
part of the affiliated unions will be determined.
Most of Employers Have Already Yielded to the Inevitable
The mass-meoling of Carpenters in
thc Labor-Temple on Wednesday evening was certainly a crackerjack. It was
more than a breeze ot* old times; it was
rather a personification of the new
times. There wero some 300 of them
present and not a dull momont.
A decision was made to enforce
the new wage schedule of 50 cents per
hour on Tuesday noxt, May 2. fee-
ports of officers showed that most of
the local employers have already bowed
to the inevitable1 hy agreeing to the
new rate. And these reports also indicated that nearly all the members
were fully employed, something unusual
for the pnst three years.
Incidentally, the Carpenters decided
to render whatever assistance thoy
could to the locked-out Moving Picture Operators and Musicians who had
been employed by tho Colonian thentro.
Rogers To Pay Off All Who Protest,
The Federationist is advised, as it
goes to press this morning, that B. T.
Rogers of the sugar refinery, will pay
off thc strikers today, outsido th.o slave-
pen on Powell street. If the state were
to do its duty such men as Rogers
would be behind the bars for safekeeping.
Christian Sivertz'
Pte, G. Sivertz,
Son Wounded.
son of Christian
Sivertz, a Victoria member of the Letter Carriers' association and a well-
known figure in the B. C, Lnbor movement, is among the wounded "at the
front," according to press dispatches
yesterday. Two other sons are still on
active service.
When yu buy foreign footwear
you pny nearly 40 por cent, of the
price to the customs for duty.
What's tht use-? i
When you can get equnlly as
good, made ln Canada by union
workmen. Perfect in every respect! fully guaranteed nnd save
*2.00 to $3.00 per pair.
640 Hastings Strut West
Como and bave a good time, perhaps
take home « Bide ot bacon,
Hastings Stnet, near Abbott
Tenders for Crushed Rock.
THK UNDERSIGNED will receive tenders
ap till 2 o'clock p.m; Tuesdny, May 1, 1917,
for the flupply of oriuhed rock to the cor-
point ion for a purlod of twelve months from
the dnte of awarding this contract.
Specifications and tender forms may be
obtnined from the office of the city engineer.
A marked deposit cheque fur two hundred
dollars iiiuhI nccumiinny ench  tender.
City Purchasing Agent.
TJ1)   •)!     J>        U
We believe that onr Shoes have a good reputation throughout this City and Province. ,
We know that we have striven earnestly for ten years to
make it so. One thing we are certain ofc-the spoken recommendation of men who have worn our Shoes is our greatest
source of new patronage.
123 Hastings Street East Opp, Pantages Theatre
Broadway Theatre
Monday, Tuesday & Wednesday
Matinee Only, April 30, May 1
The Spell of the Yukon
Prom Bobert W. Service's
Famous Poem
Wednesday and Thursday Evenings, May 2 and 3
Just  SEE  this  Picture  before
answering this question.
Noon or
you will find it a pleasure to take your meals
at the Orpheum Cafe.
A particular place for
particular people.
Orpheum Cafe
Opposite tho Orpheum Theatre
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, Ib... 25c
Slater's Btreakey Bacon, lb, 25c
Slater's value Tea, lb 25c
Slater's value Coffee, Ib 25c
We deliver to all parts.
131 Hastings St. East   Sey. 3262
830 Oranvllle St.
3211 Main Street.
Sey.' 866
Fair. 1683
Hotel Canada
618 Richards Street
(Near Labor Tempi*)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
Your New
Buy it at the
J. N. Harvey
Clothing Stores while
at the "War Dance"
Carnival next week.
You can buy your
suit at the same old
prices at these stores.
$15, $18 and $20
$22.50, $25 and $30
Look for the Big Red
Two Reliable Stores for
J. N.Harvey Ltd.
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Also Victoria, B. C.
SEALED TENDERS, addressed to tht]
Postmaster General, will be received at Otl
tawa until noon, on Friday, the llth May,!
1917. for the conveyance of His Majesty's]
mails, on a proposed contract for four years,]
six times per weok each way, orcr
from tbe 1st of July next.
Printed notices containing farther Information as to conditions of proposed contract
may be seen aad blank forms of tender may
he obtained at tbe Post Offices of VANCOUJ
VER, MABPOLE and EBUBNE, and at the
office of tbe Post Offlce Inspector.
Post Office Inspector's Office,
Post Office Inspector.
Vanctmver, B. P., April 14th. 1917.
860 roomi, 100 wltb privato btthi
Phone Beymour 6880 ..
Vancouver's newest and moat
complete hotel    .... .
European Plan 11.00 ptr Day Up
New electric auto bus meets all
boats and trains free
Oor. Dunsmuir and Bichards SU,
Opposite Labor Temple
Headquarters for Labor men.    Rates
75c and 11.00 per day.
$2.50 per week and np.
Cafe at Reasonable Bates.
Mode in
Every cent you pay for
"LECKIE'S" goes into the
shoes—no unnecessary duty
or freight to pay.
made to stand British Columbia weather conditions.
Made of only the very best
leather throughout — no
"cardboard" soles — or
"paper" uppers.
make you a permanent devotee to the best footwear
sold in Western Canada.
At Your Dealers
Limited '


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