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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 13, 1917

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STRENGTH   -©► .       OITI(^AL iPAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL. AND B. C. FEDERATTrro ™ , **■„>,. ^   '9*mw  aSa   •% ■ ta-K-f   __
fHYEAR.   No. 15
Knights of the Hook Go to
Work via Granville
Interesting View of Activities of Waterfront
[By R. C. Woodbury]
SPICK AND SPAN as the kitchen of
a tidy housewife is the new headquarters of the waterfront workers.
While not so. splendid as the middle
chamber of King Solomon's Temple, or
as luxurious as tbe Hotel Vancouver—
whero employers of labor stay when in
town—it is considerably better than
thoso occupied by the Conservative club
during its days of prosperity, and answers the purpose aB well as a Sunday
school boy does the questions in tho
catechism. It is airy, sanitary/ light,
and commodious. Tho reading room
alone would be a credit to any organization to labor or otherwise.
Por their own convenience, a number
of longshoremen have recently removed
to> the area west of Granville, and south
of Dunmuir streets. - Here within a
stone's throw of one of the .finest hotels
on the continent, away from, yet near
to the conventionalities of city lifo and
drudgery, they may breathe tlio pure,
ozone-laden air of that rural community, whero alarm clocks are quite unnecessary as the roosters in the vicinity
begin their chorus at 3.45 n.m.
As E. T, Kingsley, the noted authority on economies, used to say,' "Trade
follows tho flag," so it would not be
surprising it a certain, well-known,
downtown restaurant wero to change its
location. It is possiblo, b'Jt not prob-
ablo, that a couplo of hotels, for obvious reasons, may do the same.
Longshoremen on Granville Street,
With hands in front pockets, hook in
rear one, and a cignrotto or chew of tobacco in his fuce for dunnage, the longshoreman now snuntors down Granville
street towards the docks for the purpose
of selling his energy. If ho meanders
along liko a newly-arrived easterif tourist taking in the Bights, he is disengaged, but if he walks briskly like a belated traveller trying to cutrji an express,
a Shorlock Holmes is not required to
know thnt he Ib en route to a job.
When it iB reached, he goes to work
for stevedoring companies, which, as is
well-known, are middlemen or small capitalists, who supply foremen acquainted
with the wealth-producing abilities of
tho workers, keep the time and handle
the payrolls.
The idea that a couplo of rope-yarns
is all the gear required in order to start
one of thoso companies, is quite erroneous. Thoy have pay days frequently, for
longshoremen got broke aa often as the
ton commandments, Tho save-all does
not catch m'dch of their earnings; they
are not hoavy investors in war bonds,
for aB sure as war taxes their income is
mostly expended for food, clothing and
The items of food nnd shelter have
already been dealt with. As for clothing, it is never as nondescript as that of
Robinson Crusoe, or abbreviated like
that of a Highlander, but appropriate to
VANCOUVER, B. G,~FBn)AY, APftlL 13, 19lT
A LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEE has decided to recommend to the
house the passage of legislation at the present session which will,
to a limited extent, recognize the proportional representation
system at the polls. This will be the first mention of the method;
which has received the endorsement of Labor, on the statute books of
the province. The recommendation of the committee is that the voters of any city in the province may, by a plebiscite vote, establish
the proportional representation system in connection with civic voting. Legislation of this character is recommended to be included in
thc Municipal Clauses Act, as well as the city charters of Vancouver
and other points which are governed by special legislation. After
discussing the proportional representation system at its Revelstoke
convention, the B» C. Federation of Labor approved the plan, and
requested that provincial legislation be enacted on the subject. The
matter was presented to the provincial authorities when the Federation executive outlined Labor legislation which was desired. When
discussing the matter, Premier Brewster suggested that it might be
well to try out the plan in connection with civic elections at such
places as Vancouver and: Victoria, thus educating the electors as to
the method and affording a practical test as to the manner in which
the system would be received by the public. The recommendation
of the legislative committee is in line with the premier's suggestion
on this occasion.
(la Vinnmver \
Ol-T MOO  /
The Toronto Labor Party
Is Well Organized
Every Section of Ontario Is
Said to Be Ready for
Toronto Division Would Ask
for Resignation of
Pres. W.H. Hoop
Vancouver Div. Files Letter
Requesting Co-operation
in Movement
the ocension, ^^^^^^^^
\t   Waterfront Worker Is Middleman.
Although handling the Bilks, teas, ahd
spices of the far east, aud the manufactured goods of the near east, and thus
helping to produco them—sinco the process of production of a commodity is incomplete until it reaches the consumer
—the longshoreman owns none of them.
They ore his only so far as tho work of
handling them iB concerned. Consequently tho clothos which he wears are
not always of the beBt, but in these
days of manufacturing for sale -instead
of for ubc, even tho suit of tho millionaire is not all wool. But broadcloth
and kid gloves aro of no use in handling
cement, or sugar, or barbed wire on its
way to decorate the front of a trench.
To ubo a platitudo there are exceptions to all rules. For instance, some
kings have no country. Iceland has no
standing army, hooks are owned by
longshoromon, whieh Is almost a solitary instance of workers owning a tool
of production,
Many tools nre a projection of some
portion of tho human body; the telescope is a projection of the eye, the hammer of the closed hand, the hook of the
curved finger.       i
It is to the longshoreman whnt the
brush is to the artist, mo chisel to tho
sculptor, tho typewriter to tho author,
or tho shovel to the navvy. It iB often
worn prominontly displayed, but goner-
ally concealed by the coat-tail, where it
makes a suspicions bulge. On more than
one occasion, officious policemen, unnc-
(Continued on page 6)
THE TWICE postponed meeting of
the local branch of the Letter Carriers' association was held in the Labor
Templo Tuesday of this week, a very
large numbor being present.
Bro. Knowles reported on the activi:
ties of tho Trades and Labor council,
and Bro. Sparrow sent in a written report on the last whist drive and danco,
which proved the popularity of theso
social evenings.
Announcement wns made of a military whist drive and dance, which will
be held on Tuesday next (April 17), in
the Cotillion hall. The whist drive
"Starts"at 8 o'clock shrtrp, and dancing
will be tho order from 9 to 12 o'clock.
Admission of 25c is to be paid at the
door. This is the last event the social committee hns planned for the season, and it is to be hoped that it will
be a fitting wind-up of a most successful season.
A communication was received from
the Toronto branch, asking the Vancouver division to follow its lead, and
request the resignation of Federated
President W. H. Hoop. Various reasons,
including Bro. Hoop's anti-registration
activities wero brought forward in
favor of the Toronto division's-suggestion. Considerable discussion ensued,
somo members advocating an appeal for
Mr. Hoop's reinstatement by the-government while some attacked and others
defended him. Aftor the smoke had
blown away, the letter was filed.
A motion to increase tho local secretary's salary, same to be retroactive
from Jan. 1, 1917, was laid over until
the next meeting.
The attendance of such a largo proportion of Station "C" boys at the
meeting caused comment., Everywhere
you looked you could "C." "B" and
"Main" got "Y's." The next meeting is on Friday, May 4.   Hope to "C
The board which will investigate the claims of the Civic Employees' for a wago of $3 per
day and- also consider the complaint as to men from the rank
aud file being passed over when
promotions are possible, was completed on Tuesday by the selection of Mr. Justice Murphy as
chairman. A wire stating this
amicable 'decision was sent to Ottawa and the formal approval is
expected before the end of the
The board will be composed of
Mr. Justice Murphy, chairman;
Mr. Victor Midgley, representing
the men; and Mr. Chas. Heid, representing the Vancouver authorities. The Sessions will probably open next weok and an effort will be made to have them
held during the evenings.
Committee Will Provide For Beading
Boom and Agents- offices.
At n meeting of representatives of
organizations connected with the building trades on Tuesday evening, it was
reported that tho locals wore in favor
of the plan of securing joint Quarters in
the Labor Temple. A committee was
appointed to look into the subject of
securing rooms and will go over the
case with a view to providing a joint
reading room for the men with adjoining offices for the business agents of
the various unions.
s a result of this campaign | pegging for Legislation Allowing Them
t reported that all ovor On-1 _\nmw«,m ur. •.•*,<...<.
ry thing to in shape for   the | to °Derat« MMUnes.
Ouelph rather give the lie to the
statements of the National Service
commission to the effect that the registration card system did not in
any way cover the establishment of
conscription methods. These despatches state that 360 young men
in the Ontario city who signed the
registration cards have received
letters from the militia authorities
stating that they were required for
overseas service, and asking them
to report at once to Liout.-Col. Mu-
trie, recruiting officer for Wellington county. ThlB Incident will probably lead to some further explanations from B. B. Bennett, M. P.,
as to the meaning of the registration card plan.
Existing Arrangements Have Been Continued to September.
Press despatches from Ottawa state
that the Dominion authorities have extended the terms of the order-in-council
prohibiting tlio entry of laborers and
skilled artisans into British Columbia
for another six months, the new ord*
expiring September 1, Although these
orders-in-couucil are of a sweeping nature, thc scope is properly met by an
arrangement between immigration officials unil the labor officials, whereby
applications for the immigration of
labor to meet emergency conditions are
allowed whore it is shown that labor to
meet the demands cannot be obtained in
the provinco.
Matter Will Be Submitted to Beferen-
dum if Agreement Not Beached.
A conference df machinists and all
trades iu the mechanical and car departments covering the members of the
trados employed by the C.P.R., C.N.R.,
and the Oovernment railways was recently held at AVinnipeg to consider
Q'aestious covoring their relations with
their employers. After discussing the
subject, it was decided that joint uction should bo taken in presenting demands to the railways and that the
roquest to bo submitted should cover
the point of wnges only.
Negotiations in conformity with this
decision nro now being conducted.
Should the mater not be satisfactorily
arranged between the committee and
tlio railways, the situation will bo made
tho subject of a referendum voto of
the men.
The movement for the establishment of an Independent Labor party
ln Ontario is reported to have
taken a firm hold of the wage
workers of the eastern province
and the plans of Lahor for the organization of the movement, first
in Toronto, gradually extending
over Ontario and, later, widen beyond the provincial limits and become Dominion- wide, are said to
be well In hand.
The entrance o(t Labor into the political field in the east was first seriously
diseased at the eonvention of the
Labor Educational Association at Kitchener (formerly Berlin) last year. The
resolution favoring the plan did not
pass ,but the seeds of tne movement
wero sown during tho discussion which
led to the mater being taken up in
Toronto. The reBult was the organization of a Greater Toronto Labor party
which, by well planned work, has now
attained great strength. The convention of this orgnnization, which will be
held in Toronto tomorrow, will probably be one of the most representative
Labor gatherings ever held in that
Provincial Wide Movement.
Hand in hand with tho Greater Toronto movement has gono the campaign
for organizing the wage workers of
other Ontario cities for political action.
Enquiries wero made as to the possibilities of the case and from all sides
came the opinion that nothing but leadership was needed-to Btart the move
ment. As
it is now
tario every      __. __ r. _„.
launching of a strong Labor party.
Hamilton is another Ontario city
where Labor has been trained for political action and already the wage workers of thnt section havo tasted the
benefits of representation in both civic
and provincial government. Taking its
birth aftor the (%rear street railway
strike of aome years ago, tne movement
wns inaugurated which sent Mr. Allan
Studholme aB the Labor representative
from East Hnmilton, a seat which he
hns since successfully nnd with honor
held. And, at a bye-election, Walter
Rollo, tho secretary of the Trades and
Labor Council, red'.icod the government
mnjority to a handful, despite the fnct
that all the forces of the government
were ngninst bim. With such n record,
Hamilton cannot do otherwise than
heartily co-operate in the movement to
place Labor in Ontario on a good political footing.
Platform to Be Outlined Later.
Tho "turn-turn" of the promotors of
the plan has been organization, discussions with rogard to the platform of
the proposed party having boon discouraged. ThiB policy has been adopted
because it was thought that the best results could be obtuined* if a platform
of principles was drafted out after the
enrolment of followers wns well under
way. Otherwise, it was considered
that the inclusion of certain principles,
toward which the promoters wero personally inclined, might lead to tho
workers regarding the movement ns
"put nnd dried."
The movemont looks toward the future—after the close of the wnr. Its
promoters point out that thoro will certainly be a groat economic readjustment then nnd thnt, unless Lnbor is
organized for political action at that
timo, its chances of being a say ns to
thc manner in which affairs shall bc
shaped is very slim.
WHILE NO OFFICIAL announcement has yet been made, it is
understood that a recent totalling of the returns on the referendum vote as to whether the B. C. Federation of L/ibor should
enter the political field, indicates the defeat of the proposal. The
vote on the proposal is said to have been very close, thus indicating
that, even should the suggestion finally be declared as shelved, it represented the will of a very large percentage of organized* labor
throughout the province. It is understood that the sentiments as expressed by tho locals was very decided either for or against the proposal, tho percentage of cases where close votes on the subject were
reported being very small. The referendum was held as the result of
discussions at the January convention of the B. C. Federation of
Labor at Bevelstoke. The call for the ballot was sent out by Secretary Wells about March 1, with instructions for the vote being taken
during the month. Whatever may be the final result of the referendum, it is ccVtain that the widespread discussion of the subject has
brought thc question of Labor taking a political stand home to the
trades unionists of the province in a forceful manner, and the defeat
of thc measure by a narrow margin would probably bc a condition
which would lead to its being again presented for a representative
vote of the membership.
A meeting of the Soldiers'
Wives Protective league wjll be
held in the Labor Tomple next
Monday evening. This meeting
Bhould be attended by every soldier 's wife or other dependent in
Vancouver and vicinity. The
league has been organized for the
purpose of protecting in an adequate manner the rights of those
whom the man who is now defending his country "at the
front" haB left behind, and at
Monday night's meeting there
will probably be some plain
speaking in connection with the
patriotic fund and its methods.
Prominent speakers will be present, and the question as to
whether the support of soldiers'
dependents should be considered
as "charity" will be fully dls- "
International President and
Organizer Make Good
$1.50 PER YEAR
THB MOVEMENT for legislation which will abolish the curse of
"company towns" in British Columbia *has received a fresh impetus through thc passage by the city council of Prince Rupert
of a strong resolution on,the point. This action covers the endorsement of any official, action looking toward any legislation such as will
forbid corporations the exclusive privileges which are customary-in
thc case of company towns. The request for thc abolition of "company towns" was a subject which was keenly discussed at thc Revelstoke convention of the B. C. Federation of Labor, the matter being
presented to the attention of the provincial authorities when thc labor
executive met the government recently. The movement has, undoubtedly the backing of thc public, as of recent years, the condition has
become more acute because of the increase of such settlements.' It
is safe to say that no man would vote more heartily in favor of the
abolition of such privileges than thc unfortunates who are obliged to
live in auch plaees—that is, if they dared. Tt is certain, however,
$at should the employees living under such conditions say what they
really think, that there would be some very swift action in the line
of discharges.
Deputation From Union WiU Present
N       Case to Premier.
On Wednesday evening MesBrs. Lea-
worthy and Cavell of the Bakers' union
loft for Victoria to present to tho provincial authorities their case for the
revision of tho regulntions under which
they work.
Tho men are putting up a strong plea
for the abolition of night work in tho
bake shops. From their standpoint,
they claim that, yoar in and year out,
the present practice of all-night work
isolates them from their follows. As
far as tlie public is concerned, it is
claimed that bread baked during Ihe
day and delivered on the following day
is far moro healthy. The proposed legislation is in accordance with tho vale
now prevailing iu Great Britain and
Australia, as well as many points on
this continont.
A strong plea is being mado for tho
abolition of Oriontnl labor in bake
shops, as is also the demand for thc
establishment of n maximum week of
54 hours und tho compulsory medical
examination of all employees in bako
shops from time to time.
Former Official of Western Fuel Oo.
WiU Assume Duties.
Tho provincinl authorities hove appointed Geo. WUkorson, manager of ttic
reserve mine of the Western Fuel Co,
at Nanaimo, to tho position of chief inspector of mines, taking the place of
Thos. Graham, tho welcome news of
whoso resignation was noted in Tlie
Federationist of last week. It is stated
that Mr. Graham has accepted tho position of general superintendent of the
Canadian Collorlofl, Ltd.
Victoria press despatches state that
the movement on the part of the proprietors of moving picture theatres to
amend the provincial regulations so as
to allow them to do their own operating
is now taking shape, D. W. F. Macdonald of Vancouver, solicitor for the proprietors, being actively engaged in
pressing for the legislation. This subject was discussed at the Inst meeting
of tho Trades and Lnbor council, resMlt-
ing>in a vigorous protest being sent up
to the provincial authorities.
Complete Schedule of Rates Approved
By Aldermen on Tuesday.
The question of tho standard wage
to bo paid by the Vancouver authorities was met on Tuesday afternoon by the insertion in tho resolution
of n schedule covering the "union
rate" of wages covering all employees
of the city oxcept those belonging to
the Civic Employees', whose caso will
be investigated by a board of inquiry.
The Bchedulo uttached to tho rcsolu*
tion specifies the following hourly rates
for an eight-hour day, the scale to date
from March 16:—blacksmiths, 56%o;
bricklayers, 75e; carpenters, 45c; electrical workers, fi2^4c; electrical workors' holpers, 37Vjc; iron workers fstructural), 02Vj; iroji workers (reinforcing), 56%c; laborers (building), 43*%c;
lathers (metal), 8l1/ic; machinists,
5(l%ej sheet metal workers, 50y(c;
plasterers, (I2*£c; painters', 45c; plumbers, 60c; tilo layers, 75c; tile layers'
helpers, 409ic; stone cutters, 62%c.
Tho following trades wero listed on
the basis of a nine-hour day nt the
following hourly rates: — engineers
(clom-sholl dredge), fiZ^c; engineers
(pile driver), 55 5-fle; engineers (general), 55%c; enginoers' firemen, 40c:
pile  drivermeil   (genoral),    45c;    pilo
Outline of Work Done for
Barbers By Union
120 of the Barbers' union  wu
held in the Labor Temple on Monday
evening, thc occasion being the presence in tho city of International President Noschnnd and International Organizer Shnnnessy, both of whom were
present and delivered addresses.
The visitors aro now engaged on a
transcontinental trip, during which
they are endeavoring to roll up the
union membership to 50,000 before tho
next convention. At present its
strength is 40,000 and President Nob-
chand said there was every hope that
tlie organization work now being done
would enable the mark fixed being
The chairman of tbe meeting was Mr.
C. Hnrrott, preaident of tho Vancouver
local. Both speakers touched upon the
quostion of trndes unionism in general
nnd the necessity of union men supporting union labor and purchasing
union products.
It was stated tbat eut of the 8.000,-
000 womon workors on tho continent,
2,000,000 of udult ago received only
from #200 to $400 per yenr for their
work, whilo there wero hundreds of J
child workers who worked 00 hours
weekly and received less than $1 for
their work. Union men should practice themselves, and also proach to
their wives, the doctrine of refusing
patronage to cheap emporiums whose
proprietors fattened on labor of this
boom-men, 50c.
SUNDAY, April 15—Musicians;
Stoam Enginoers; Pile Drivers
nnd Wooden Bridgo Ballders.
MONDAY, April 16—Electrical
Workers; Boilermakers; Tailors' Executive.
April 17—Amal. Cor-
Railway     Firemen;
Book I ii mil
WEDNESDAY, April 18—Brow-
ory Workers; Plastorors.
THURSDAY, April 30—Trades
and Labor Coundl; Mai til en-
ance-of-way Mon.
FRIDAY, April 20—Hallway Carmen ; Ornnito OuttflTS) Civic
Employees; Molders.
SATURDAY, April 21— Bakers.
Unless Agreement Is Reached ln Few
Days, Miners Will Retire.
Reports from Calgary as to the con
ferenco between the representatives of
the men of District 18 nnd thoir employers are of a very uncertain character. As Tin1 Fodorattontst goes to press
the conferences are still in progress, but
tlie men 's representatives aro said to bo
tired of the prolonged negotiations, nnd
to hnvo stnted that unless an ngreement
is reached by tho end of the week, they
will no longer confer, but will return to
their locnls nnd report thnt an nmicnblo
ngreement cannot bo renchod. There is,
however, a ray of hope fnr a friendly
settlement evidenced in the attitude of
th» operators during this week, this being much more fnvornble tlinn was the
case at the close of last week, when tho
men's sub-committeo was about ready
to break off tho negotiations.
Last Snturdny it looked ns though an
ngreement had been reached, and the
delegates wero making rendy to go
home when, at the last moment, thoro
wns it hiteli in the arrangements, nnd in
an hour everything wns "up In tho
Ponding tho adjournment of tho conference, thousands of the miners
throughout the district havo nlroady
laid off work, the old ngreement expiring March 81, ond will not return until
directed by their committee. Already
tho resultant shortage in production
from tho mines is having its effect on
the work at tho smelters.
Open Forum Meeting.
T. E. Julian will sprnk on "Commun*
ity Land Settlement in B. C." at tho
Open Forum, Sundny, nt 2.30 p.m., in
O'Brien ball, O. L, Charlton presiding.
What Union Has Done For Barbers.
Touching upon the question of organization, it was stated to be thc pivot
point of all successful movements and
labor should follow tho line closely.
There wero men who sought to obtain
all tbe benefits which had been gained
by union offorts without incurring nny
of tho responsibility devolving upon
membership in thc locnls. Such men
should bo ashamed of themsolvcs and
ovory trades unionist might rightly
despise them. Every workor should belong to the union connected with bis
lino and do everything in his power to
help solve the grent problems, on w1iieli
so much hnd already heen accomplished
by organized Lnbor, but on which there
was still much work to be done.
With reference to the work of thc
barbers, it wns pointed out that within the last 15 years great progress had
boon mado in bettering the conditions
of the worker. Sunday work, long
hours and unsnnitnry conditions were
subjects on whieh groat ndvnnco hnd
been mnde, but this could never have
boen done unless tho barbers hnd
worked together under their union banner. Reference wns made to locnl
eonditioKs, special condomnntion being
accorded to (ho management of barber
shops by Orientnls,
The nddressos woro listened to with
grent interest nnd the result of the
meeting will probably be greatly to
tho advnntnge of tho Vancouver local
of the union.
Correspondent Says Influx
of Labor Is Greater
Than Demand
Farmers Use Conditions As
Lever to Reduce
the Wages
of advices from a reliable source is
Calgary which have a direct bearing oa
the migration of labor from the coast to
the prairies. These are to the effect
that at the prosent time there is an
abundance of idle men in Calgary, that
men are flocking in from the States and
that the farmers wiU probably use thia
condition of affairs as a lever to reduea
wages, despite the fact that only reeently they turned down a guarantee of
41.S0 per bushel for their 1917 crop, a
price which would have made them open
their eyes a year or so ago.
The advices received by The Federationist read, in part, as follows:
"The influx of labor from the coast
cities to Calgary just now, induced tar
the ono cent rate offered by the C. P.
R., appears to be entirely out of proportion to the demand for labor. I have
met some frienda from Vancouver who
aro keenly disappointed nt the state of
the labor market here.
"Tbere is a little demand for farm
help, nnd the general wage is from 400
to $55, In n few cases, where the men
are known to be thoroughly experienced
the farmers come across with from 460
to $65.
- Constant Stream of Idle Men.
"There is a constant streamof idle
men, numbering soverat hundreds, constantly walking all day along the three
blocks where tie principnl employment
bureaus aro located; The tendency of
this number of idle men to increase is
shown whon it is stated that the C. P.
R. rate of onc cent per mile is also being offered in the States, from where
men are daily coming, full of the stories
they hnve been told aB to the fortunes
teh farmers are willing to pay out for
wages. Beports nre coming into Calgary overy dny that men are lying
around idle in the smaller towns in
every direction from the city.
"With so many idle men lying
around, and they are here by (he hundreds, 1 would not be n bit surprised
•to see a drop In farm wages follow, as
the farmer is not backward in taking
advantage of such a condition of affairs.
"Building in the eity is 'nil,' although there is talk of an armory going
up somewhere and aome time. All mechanics, o.itside of plowiag artists,
would do well to stay away from Calgary."
The writer of the lotter has requested
The Federationist to publish the facts
in order Unit  mon muy not take the
trip to Calgary and flnd only disappoint-
mat ut the end of the journey.
Why Men Are Leaving Coast.
Relief Officer Ireland states that a
total of 2240 mon registered from thit
coast for work on the prairies, the location of tho registration being ns fa,
lows:  Vancouver, 1SHG; Victoria, 290*
Now Westminster, 55.   Of this number
1700 took out certificates for rnilwny
transportation, and it is safe to Bay that
1400 had left for the prairies.   The men
were sent out on the undorstnndin of a
minimum wago uf 450 per month and
found, this being, in the cnBO of Saskatchewan, n practical guarantee by the
government.    In many cases, fnrmors
would pay from 4d0 to 485 for men who
were ablo to go ahead and direct farm
E. W. Hamber is quoted ob saying at
a recent meeting of the council of tho
board of trade, that it was up to thnt
body to enquire us to the wisdom of offering cheap rates from tbo coast to the
prniries at this time, the movement having tho effect of draining the market
for labor on the const. Concerning this
statement, a labor official commented
that the only reason tho men were leaving the coast was because the employers here wero not offering a wago which
would meet the present living conditions. Tbat from 1500 to 2000 men hnd
just left for the northwest proved conclusively, said thc official, that there
was something wrong with the wage
question on this coast.
Death of Org. McCallum's Brother.
The snd news of tho death of Angus,
his younger brother, wns received by
Organizer "Dune" McCallum of the
Machinists' on Tuesdny Inst. Deceased
was a resident of Winnipeg, whero he
followed ihe trade of machinist, and
wns 30 years of nge. Owing to the existing condition of affairs on tho coast,
"Dune" was unable to go to Winnipeg for tho funeral.
DURING TJIE WEEK a labor dispute lins developed at the local
machine shop of Letson & Burpee, as thc result of which all tho
union machinists'employed at tho plant are now taking a holiday. The trouble arose when two machinists were given their notice.
On a request for a reason for thc discharge, the men wero plainly
told that it was because of their connection with thc Machinists'
union. Organizer McCallum took up the case with the foreman, who
roafflrmed his statement, as to thc reason for tho discharge. Ho
added that thc Letson & Burpee plant was an "open shop." Mr.
JlcCallum replied that if union men were discharged because of the
affiliation with organized labor, tho shop could not bc otherwise regarded than a non-union shop, and union men could not he allowed
to work there. The following morning tho union men at the shop
did not report, and since that timo two machinists who went to work
there have left because of the existing condition of affairs. A mass
nieeting of the machinists was held on Tuesday evening in thc Labor
, the meeting being well attended and very successful as to
It is stated that the application for the charter of thc second
ver local of the machinists will bc forwarded in a few days.
..April 13, 1917
laa 1855
Assets  $73,000,000
Deposits   54,000,000
Household Banking
in The Bank of Toronto havo been
found by many to be a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
nnd wifo, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Interest is
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid-up Oapital $5,000,000
Reserve Fund 6,600,000
Oorner Hastings and Cambie Sts.
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware;  screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone; Pair. 447
How to be a Good
Speak with your ltpi close to the
mouthpiece. That is tha whole secret
of successful telephoning
When yoa do bo, talking requires
leiB effort and listening calls for less
There Ib no need of voice force when
you talk Into the telephone. Everything you say ts heard plainly and distinctly, when spoken in an ordinary
Out-of-town Union Men who visit
Vancouver Should pay a visit to
Perry & Dolk
The Labor Temple
Union Tailors
Pick out a spring suit and get it
properly made, union-made, combined with right treatment.      (
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancouver
We Want Ton to Do Tour
Furniture Business With Us
Oar Mock of Furniture U the belt
In tbe provlnee. Whenever yea went
earthing la oor line, Mil in and look
lt over.
41 Hastings Street West
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln the home of every
is it nr youbs?
Fair. 2624
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
FederatloniBt, Limited
E. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7195
Subscription: $1.50 per yoar: in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body. $1.00.
Now Westminster W. Yotel. Boi 1021
Prince Rupert S. 1). Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Weils, Box 1538
Field  Circulation Booster. Geo.  F.  Stirling
PHONK SCV. 318       TWICE
TWTtfliKt        tMHYlUt »T,     8.20
■ thi liar or vmiocviim "•——
Matinee Prices: Evenings
10c, 16c, 26c, 60c.      10C, 26c, 36c. 76c.
Unequalled Vandtfilto BCw»
8:46, 7:80, 9:15     SMion'i Prtet*:
Matinee, lfic; Evenings, ISo, SSe
'Unity of Labor:   the Hope of the World*
be advanced thinkers, and are more
than prone to lay claim to scientific attainments away beyond tho average human animal of normal egotism. But
there are a few facts in regard to trude
that theso wise and worthy persons
have evidently overlooked. Among
them may be mentioned the vory obvious ono that trade is not, never was,and
never can be oither gained or held by
lance and persistent effort that they are
abel to wrest from the hands of their
economic masters even the smallest of
gains, or to retain them once they are
obtained. It seems to us that all democrats, all who-believe in democracy and
orderly human progress, all who would
realize a greater liberty and "the attainment of a higher and better civilization,   must   instinctively   sympathize
tho cannon, the bayonet or the buttle-1 with thoBe forces in Europe thnt nre
..hip.   Countries that have attempted to ; struggling to break tho last hold of feu-
.April 13, 1017
SLOWLY BUT surely the world is
awakening to the fact that the ter«
rifle struggle that is now ravaging
Europe is a struggle to the death between the "feudalism of yesterday and
the freedom of to-
resist the pressure of human progress
by refusing intercourse with the outside world and participation in its industrial achievements, have been compelled by force to open their gates to
the advanced civilization, but the subsequent trade with such countries has
been at the disposal of the cheapest
goods that could be offered by the outside world.   The rulo of capital is not
al institutions of government upon the
people ef this day and age. It is fervently to bo hoped that the revolution
in Russia will prove to be final and
complete, nnd that absolutism and reaction will never again be ablo to sink
their poison fangs in tho liberties of the
Russian peoplo. It ia to be hoped with
equal fervency that the common people
of the Teuton empires,  the  enslaved
appointed by the government as chief
inspector. Any one at all interested in
the matter of safeguarding the lives
and limbs of those who work in the
coal mines of the province, and who
look to a careful and thorough inspection of mines on behalf of the workers
and for the purpose set forth above, are
privileged to draw their own conclusions as te the probabilities along this
line in view of the close affinity between the appointment of mine inspectors and the general officoa of the coal
mining companies. It would look to
the unbiased observor as though the
matter of mine inspection might just as
well be left to tho companies themselves and be done with it.
territorial, iand it is not maintained by I and harried victims of feudal kultur
force of arms. It is world wide aud | and feudal rapacity, will also rise to
rests solely upon efficiency, which is but j the occasion as did tho common people
THB COMING       morrow."   So pro-
OF WORLD nounced   is   this
DEMOCRACY. awakening that
p r a c t i c a lly tho
whole world outside of Germany, Austria, Bulgaria and Turkey, is arrayed
against that coalition that is centered
around the divine right of kings to
wield the sceptro of absolute authority
over all and sundry who may perforce
be brought within their baneful sway.
And from all quarters comes the cry
that this autocratic and irresponsible
rulo of tho middle ages must be eliminated from the uffairs of men, and those
countries that thus remain iu a backward stage of political development bo
forced to move forward abreast of the
political and economic requirements of
this day and age. Half tho world has
been forced to remain under arms and
great nations, groat in everything that
makes for human progress and an advanced civilization, hnve been compelled to maintain huge military establishments and an armed peace that was but
little bettor, and less degrading and ox-
pensive than open warfare, in order to
be able to successfully ward off the
treacherous attack that was sooner or
later inevitable at the hands of the belated feudal survival of Central Europe.
At last the fateful hour struck when
this medieval survival, driven by the
ever-increasing threat of an advancing
democracy upon all sides, out of sheer
desperation and in obedionce to the
very instinct of self preservation, turned the^forces of hell loose with a blind
fury never equalled before, in the vain
effort to stem the tide of its own destruction and the triumphant survival of
that political democracy that destiny
has marked as its legitimate successor,
«      *      *
While many nations have long been
desirous of doing away with military
and naval armaments, or at least limiting them to the actual requirements of
police duty within their own borders,
no sueh arrangements could be made so
long as there remained within the family of nations one or more who still remained sufficiently baekwnrd in development to retain the political institutions of the feudal age. Those political
institutions wero primarily based upon
the "divine right of kings," and the
militnry power to enforce that right to
rule nnd to rob. The conquests of that
age were of necessity territorial, nnd
all military aspirations and concepts
were accordingly shaped to that end,
True to that concept and philosophy,
the Teutonic power* in thiB struggle
now on have based nil of their claims
to victory- strictly upon territorial acquisition. Territorial conquest cannot
be effected except through the exercise
of military power. Therefore, the era
of territorinl conquest was likewiso the
era of military absolutism, the real feudal age. The end of that era is coming
with the ending of this world-devnstnt-
ing war. The triumph of the Entente
Allies, the wiping out of the autocratic
governments of Central Europe and the
establishment of constitutional govern'
ments by the people of those countries,
will end the feudal era and the militnry
regime upon which it alone restod. Militarism will not nnd ennnot survive once
the reason for its existence has been
removed. Autocratic rule over territory
nnd the inhabitants thereof is tho only
reason thore over wns for its existence,
With tho breaking of autocratic rule,
and tho substitution of government
based upon the consent of the governed,
that is an enfranchised people, militar
ism and its horde of attendant evils bo-
come impossible and must therefore
vanish, Democracy and a military establishment cannot exist side by Bide.
The one is the antithesis of the other.
*      *      *
Of course, thero are many who loudly
proclaim that the present wnr is a war
for trade. To thom a military and naval
establishment is maintained solely for
tho purposo of obtaining and holding
trade. Perhaps the majority who hold
such views are of those who profess to
another way of spoiling eheupness.
* * *
Just as individunl merchants contend
one against the other for tho trade of
their especial fields, su do the big trading concerns of the various countries
contend one against the other for "foreign trade," As no individual merchant
can seize the customers of his rival by
force of arms, neither cnn the big traders of ono nation best their competitors
of anothor country by the use of such
means. Cheaper goods or better service
constitutes the ammunition by meaus of
whieh trado rivals exterminate each
other. And thore is no bloodshed in
that. But that ia the way that trade
wars are fought, and it ia the only way
in which they cnn be fought, scientific
nincompoops to the contrary, notwithstanding. The ending of this war will
mark the end of autocratic government
and the demise of Mars. A world democracy will como into its own. The political and economic problems of the fu*
ture-will be solved by the exercise of
the reasoning faculties of enlightened
men and women seeking freedom, rather
than by the blind instinct, main
strength and blood spilling awkwardness of the slave victims of tho ages.
of Russia, and relegate their uutocratic
and brutally savage governments to the
limbo of lost souls. Should the people
of those countries thus move forward in
the scale of political development, by
setting up governments attuned to this
day and age of young, growing and virile democracy, peace would be possible
forthwith. And thnt peace, whenever
it does come and no matter how, will be
a triumph for the cause of democracy,
for it will havo removed the last consequential survival of the old feudal regime from tho pathway of human progress. And that is no moan triumph
for the cauBe of democracy and human
liberty. But even with that tho vigi-
lance of all who worship at the shrine
of democracy and liberty must not be
relaxed. The battle of the ages has but
just begun. It will not end until the
human race is no more,
THE ALREADY evil reputation of
the   coal   mine   located   at   Coal
Creek, B. C, has boon added to
during the past week, by nnother terrible explosion that hns cost the lives of
36 miners.    Up to
Ask your dealer for
Union-made, Homemade, Overalls,' Pants,
It is announced thut the police force
is short-handed. Concurrently comes
another announcement that crime is decreasing every day. Tho inference Ib
that if the police force isn't strengthened thoro will soon be no crime at all.
1 . . . Tho Fedorationist is the
best Labor paper I have seen printed in
America. So often I (hid it expressing
the ideas I thought wero just my own.
Wishing you and The Federationist success. "—Jns. S. Gow, Phoenix, B. C.
O. S. HARBISON, Manager,
Granville and Fender
Don't stow away your spare
cash in any old corner where it is
in danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits,
O. N. STAOEY, Manager
Hastings and Carrall
LET NO ONE be carried away with
the notion that the battle for democracy is won and no further efforts are neceasary upon the part of
those who would be free, juat because
the Russian auto-
ETERNAL cracy has been over-
VIGILANCE thrown. That there
IS THE PRICE, are powerful interests in that country,
as well as in nil others, that will leave
no stone unturned to reinstate the old
regime and curb the aspirations of the
democratically inclined, goes without
saying. As '' eternal vigilance'' is said
to be tbe "price of liberty," so it may
be said with equal truth that it is also
tbe price of everything else that makes
for human uplift and n highor civilization. The reactionary elements in human society, thoso forceB thnt predicnte
their pomp and power upon the enslavement and robbory of the wealth producers of all lands, lonthe democracy aa a
cat loathes soap and in spite of their
lip-loyalty to her cauBe, they will as
readily betray it as Judas betrayed the
Master to whom he had professed devotion. Evon in the most advanced countries of the earth, where governments
are based upon the consent of thc governed and subject to rejection and removal at the will of an enfranchised
people, every trick and device that can
be conjured forth from the prolifically
evil brain of high-clasB cunning nnd
well-paid roguery, is utilized for the
purpose of hamstringing democracy and
thwarting its purpose. And if thoso
who worship nt her shrine are romiss in
their effortB to mnintain that domocrncy
and oxtend the scope of itB activities
and its power, the little that has already been gnined will be lost, and the
world will relnpse into a repetition of
the dark agos of hopeleBB slavery out of
which humanity has so laboriously and
painfully emerged.
* *      *
While it is positively true that capitalism cannot develop and hold sway
over the destinies of mankind, without
first having broken the bonds of feudnl
rule, and the autocratic, arbitrary and
despotic political expression thoreof, it
is also true that the extension of tho
politicnl democracy that is essential to
capitalist development and empire to
tho field of industry, thereby interfering with the capitalist appropriation
uud disposal of thc fruits of industry,
soMwla the death knell of capitalism and
ita vast and prolific schemes of plundor.
It therefore becomes instinctive with
capital to ward off every encroachment
of democracy upon its privilege and
power to rob. Every attempt of the
producers of wealth to curtail the capitalist power of appropriation is skilfully thwarted or sidetracked by the
legislative, executive or judicial machinery of government, nnd if these fail
the police club often saves the day for
roaction und to tho discomfiture of democracy.
# #      *
The wealth producers, they who seize
upon the resources of the earth and
fashion them into form for human use,
nro instinctively and essontiully democratic in their tendencies and modes of
thought. The social character of the
industrial processes of modorn times
continually strengthens thiB democratic
trend. As they are compelled by the
vory mechanism of modern industry to
work together and in unison, they gradually come to think and net in unison
upon all matters rolating to tho com*
mon wolfare. As the spirit of democracy develops and strengthens within
their ranks, thoy seek to widen tho
fiold of its application to cover their industrial life and tho control of all
things essentinl to thoir common material wolfare.   It is only by eternal vigi-
ANOTHER the time of writing,
OOAL MINE but    four    bodies
HORROR. have been recover
ed, the remainder
boing still buried beneath the dobris
within the mine. Most of those who
hnve lost their lives were married men,
whose wives nnd families resided at
Fernie. That these wives and families
are left with little or no means of support goes without saying, for that is the
very certain condition that follows tho
death of the wage-worker in this slave
world of capitalist civilization. And no
other condition could possibly obtain,
because of the fact that the average
wage of the worker is barely sufficient
to afford but a meagre and narrow existence at tho moBt. Out of such miserable wages, there is no possibility of
making any due and proper provision
for the maintenance of a family, should
death overtake the wage-earner. Do
what we will or offer words of sympathy as we may, wo may reBt assured
that the cup of bitter sorrow will be
filled to the brim for the dependents
of these heroic victims of industry,
these members of out class who have
been ushered into the great beyond as
a mere incident in the profit-making
processes of a profit-mud age. No mntter how deep tbeir sorrow, nor how appalling the cnlamity that has befallen
them, the callous world will soon forget
them and the dull and merciless routine
of profit-impelled industry will continue
to remorselessly grind out its horrible
grist of calamity, ngony nnd death, for
tbe sons of toil nnd their dependents.
* *       *
In spite of nil human foresight and
cnution, no doubt there will be mishaps
and nccidents attondant upon the conduct of industrial enterprises. The human animal is not infallible. He is
prone to error nnd faulty judgment.
But in spite of it nil, there is ample
justification for tho belief that much of
the horror of modern industry might be
avoided were reasonable precautions
mnde imperative in the operation of industrial undertakings. But that such
precautions are practically impossible
while the chief motive of industry is
thnt of producing a profit for ownera,
who as a rulo tnke no part in the opor-
ntion thereof, is a foregone conclusion
to almost any one possessed of reasoning faculties. Proflt being the driving
force behind all industrial operations,
and tho owners and recipients of the
proflt thus obtninod not being subject
to the risks to life and limb that are
incurred becnuso of the lack of safety
precautions nnd npplianees, it may readily be seen wby so many accidents
occur that might be avoided if proper
precautions were taken nnd safety
mensuros applied. These would cost
money, nnd to that extent profit would
be lessened. From the standpoint of
the proflt-hungry owner this could not
for a momont be thought of. Far better that the lives of "free" workers bo
sacrificed, than that a few shekels of
the Bacrod profit be lost. And it ia
quite logical, too, for human life ia the
cheapest thing upon the planet, and
may well be sacrificed because of its
lack of worth in torms of financial rating. The owners of coal mines lose nothing by itB sacrifice,
* *      •
There aro mine inspectors in British
Columbia. Thoy are appointed by the
provincial government. Their chief
duty seems to be to report on the con*
dition of a mine aftor an explosion haa
occurred. At lenst we hear but little
about their activities except upon the
heels of such n calamity. A certain
Thomas Graham held the office of chief
mine inspector until quite recently.
This gent resigned in order to accept
official position with tho Canadian Collerles, Ltd. Goorge Wilkinson, who has
lately been manager of a mine for the
Western Fuel Co., of Nanaimo, has been
By a recent net of Congress
United States governmont gr
rights of citizenship to the peoplo of
Porto Rico, All who are not foreign
born ure now citizens possessed of tho
franchise. Tho workers of Porto Rico
aro now just aa free as are tho workers
of the United States. They possess
ull the rights of organized as well as
those of unorganized labor. This includes the rigt of "collective bargaining" and the "right to strike," Thus
tho millenium approaoheth with a
speed like unto that of a German army
afflicted with "strategical elasticity."
According to tho news dispatches,
Premier Hughes of Australia is bawling
hia head off nbout tho disloyalty of
the Australian workers. It will be
remembered that this H'ughes is the
physically insignificant but loud-mouthed person whom the Australian lubor
movement elevntcd trom the superin-
tendency of u "tinker's pot" to the
premiership of tbe Commonwealth.
Once there his pin head became swollen
in unduo and unhealthy proportions,
and he assumed the billet of a Judas
attempting to betray his master, Lnbor,
to tho military Philistines. Since ho
was unable to put it over ho haa been
exceeding sore, liko unto a saddle-
galled ass. And he is juat about as
noisy as one, too. Just noise, that's
sequently they will know how to value
it, and it is a safe bot that itey will
never give it up without a fight. When
slaves outnumber masters many to one
they ought to be piached and sentonced
to the chain gang for life whenever
they stoop so low as to ask those masters for anything outside or a job. And
that ia the only request a wage slave
ought to be legally entitled to make,
anyhow. OutBide of that ho should do
as he is told. That is what the Creator evidently made him for. And to his
credit let it be said that, as a rulo, ho
lives up to the Creator's specifications.
May the workors of all countries
thnt havo as yet escaped the ignominy
of conscription either military or industrial, resolutely set their faces against
allowing any such infamy to be either
forced upou them, or be led into accepting it under the specious pretense
of defending and safeguarding freedom,
democracy and national welfare. No
moro vile and contemptible schemes
woro ever worked upon human kind
than have been pullod off by means of
appeals to so-callod patriotic sentiment and "national honor." But hypocrisy nnd low down cunning by any
other name would smell equally vile,
and a liberty surrendered to tbe wiles
of hypocrisy and deceit is a liberty to
be regained only at the expense of
costly und perhnpB bloody struggle
Therefore, ye workers of all lands, hold
fast all of tbat which you have, and
never cease from reaching out for further gains, no matter what dire Btraits
your precious rulerB would try to make
you beliovo your boloved country might
be in. Even under ffuch circumstances,
thore ia no legitimate warrant to surrender anything, but on the contrary
it is the timo to take moro. Take a
tip from your dear masters. They surrender nothing that ia not ruthlessly
stripped from them by forces ovor
which they hnvo no control and in the
face of which they are helpless. Do
ye nlso likewise, and don't forget it.
Strain Your Eyes	
Waste Your Health!
F your eye, sre defective, tbey tre
... i . «°***"»nt strein, ud thie
■train of the most important organ of
the body (so closely In touch with the
great central storehouse of energy) is
a constant drain upon tbe vitality.
«™°"'Tla. (•'"•plMBBMi), Indigestion and stomach trouble, and many
other functional disturbances, Including headache and eitrome nervous-
nesa, are of en caused by eyes tbat are
at.™"",?, 7,1""Vi' ,he '"'•'•"" ■>*■'■-«
of these things, you will do well to
have your eyes Mamlned at once.
M,£**!S"'1,e "'"'"n* M <!•"'".. means
;.t„. "•""' "." teteettn, and that
glaaan. are re-mired.   To delay mean.
continual discomfort.   It may be dan-
.Sluli."'.Sn B*»'*>ing your eye,.
Attend to them at onea and avoid
danjer. Our credit intern"inakei
{___**. ret you to'ajSrr$£J
(Unas at once, and pay for them
wMe you aro wearing (ham.
Floor Bliks Building
Seymour 4565
According to tho April Monthly Review of tho U. S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics, it appears ttat the more
gains made by tho workers through
'^collective bargaining" and tho exercise of tho precious "right to striko,"
the worse off they get. Despite an
average increase of jumper cent, in
wages, and a reduction of 'i per cont. in
hours worked, tho workors nro 09 conts
per dny worso off in (he mattor of food
alone in 1910 than they were in 1907.
If thoy keep on making gains at that
rate in tho future their march of pro-
gross will eventunlly come to bo looked
upon as a displuy of "strategic elasticity," similar to thnt which brought
the German army so triumphantly and
victoriously to the Hindonburg line iu
Frnnce recently.
Archdeacon WakoOold of London be*
liovos "tho wnr is God'a punishment
on a people headed for damnation
through luxury, materialism and social
iniquity. An easy victory," he says,
"would make Englnnd tho rottoncst
nation in tho world." Ho is glad she
did not win it. Perhaps tto archdeacon
is correct in his conclusion that tho
English peoplo wero "hondod for dam*
nntion, etc.," but if so we would respectfully ask what tho good man nnd
his fellow shepherds of equally high
class and high salarios have been doing
to earn tho cosh honornriums bestowed
upon them by a pooplo anxious to bo
led in thc straight and narrow path
of righteousness! Has tho archdeacon
and his ilk been obtaining monoy under
tho false pretense of boing dovil
chasers when they nro in reality nothing
but humbugs of thc first water?
Various evidences of high class patriotism are being now manifested in
tho United States. As a rulo thoy
come from the vicinity of barrooms,
but occasionally ono is slipped ovor by
cmbryotic heroes in uniform. For in*
stnnco in nn Illinois town the other
day a citizen wns ridden on a rail by
members of tho nntionnl guard becauso
ho rofused to saluto tho American flag.
The victim of this hoodlumism probably belonged to that numerous typo
of men who renlly believo that truo
patriotism consists of something infinitely moro dignified and sensiblo than
kowtowing to commercinl emblems und
trade marks, even as the pagan kowtowed to images of stone and bruss. If
patriotism is to bo considered as lovo
for ono's country, it is not easy to
understand how tho saluting of a commercial trade mark or emblem could be
considered as any very convincing
proof of it. But that is whut goes for
the real stuff during these daya of war
J. Edward Sears     Offlce: Sey. dug
Barrilten, Solicitor., Coavejranceri, Etc.
'         Victoria and Vancouver
Vanoouver Office: 516*7 Bogers Bldg.
■Barrister, Solicitor, Notary
Phone Sey. 8229 Birks Building
"There is not one working clnss
question at Btnko in the proposed war
with Germany. Tho ships mennced by
the submarine warfare aro not the property of tho working people of Amer-
ien. They aro owned by the ship capitalists nnd nre run for profit. * * * Yot
the president and congress propose thnt
the working pooplo of the United
States shall proceed to butcher tho
working people of Germany in ordor
to protect the business of the war supply capitalists in their commorco for
profit." Thus spake Julian Pierce, n
national committeeman of the Socialist
Party of tho TJ. S. This poor simp cvi'
dently ovorlooks the fact that the ships
sunk without warning aro all manned
by working men employed in thc peaceful performance of the duties appertaining to their legitimate and legal
callings, and thnt thoy aro thus unceremoniously drowned or otherwise
killed by "working peoplo of Germany," who aro not engaged in anything bearing even a passing resem-
blnnco to a peaceful and legitimate
calling. They nre merely engaged in
cowardly and unwarranted murder.
Thnt is all. And there is no "working
class question" in thatt No reason
why the American working class Bhould
raise a hand to put a stop to itf Woll,
by gum, that is rich beyond compare.
Julian is a pencil.   He sure is.
Even tho news dispatches cannot refrain from chortling the gleeful zest
with which tho munitions patriots of
the United States welcome the declaration of war against Germany. In the
daily papers of April 9 more than hulf
a column was dedicated to expressing
thc high explosive joy of tho numerous
concerns which had about completed
their contracts with the Entente powers
and with no further orders in sight. It
seoms that tho Entento powers nro now
in shnpo to supply thomsolves with
nil of the hypodermic injections of
civilization required in their practice,
without furthor importations. Tho cloud
of gloom thnt consequently hovered
over thoso fostor fathers of "wnr
babies" was thick and dnrk indeed.
It looked for n time as though the
beans wero hopelessly spilled. Then
thoro came a rift in the cloud. A German submarine shot a tail feather out
of the Americnn euglo. War was declared and the aforesaid munition patriots ngain found thomselvos in possession of a "place in the sun." Then
thoy once more chortled rnucously nnd
with much earnestness ovor tho splendid prospect sprend out boforo them.
As Uncle Sam is not altogether a
pauper and hns tho reputation of being an easy mark for thoso who love
him, it is confidently expected that
the sun of prosperity will shine long
nnd gloriously upon thoso '' wnr
bnbios" nnd tho foster fathers warm
the cockles of thoir hearts by means of
the milk thoy may be able to pinch
from the kids' nursing botltcs. Hurrah
for the flng—of profit!
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
SSO Oranvllle street
 <19 Haatinga street Weat
Vancouver Pickle  Co.
ask for
Highland 81   Factory 801 Powell
Hearst's Chicago Examiner tells us
"as a solemn and absolute truth, that
tho peoples of Europo aro sick to death
of war, sick of slaughter, sick of tho
terror and tho horror of tho bloody and
brutal work, and thnt it is only by
prodigious lying nnd severest pressure
and overy nrt nnd nrtiflce of persuasion
nnd compulsion, thnt thoir dictators
nnd militnry rulers havo been able to
induce them to enduro another campaign.'" Well, what about it anyway t If they can be led around in
that manner by a job lot of military
scalawags and cheap skate rufdnns,
what bettor fate do they deserve! And
then again what purpose could these
scalawags and ruffians have in inducing such fools to eat and chop eaeh
other up thuslyt And if they were
not fools could the> not quit the
slaughter at any timo they buw (Itf
Whon it comes to the size up of a
world situation we opino that tho afore-
snld Examiner is a choice specimen of
solemnly dull punk. It evidently does
not know what the row iB about.
Tho German socialists nnd othor reformers aro asking the kuiser for doctoral reform. Thnt which a people ask
for and which is not to the interests of
rulers to give thom, they usually get—
in the neck. And that is even a more
respectable and decont placo than thoy
ought to got it. That which is worth
having is worth taking. Thnt is evidently tho way the Russians figured it
out. Wanting their freodom from autocratic rule they took it. Now they
have a right to it becauso they took
it. They did not crawl around on slavish bellies begging fer what they
minted as a dog begs for a bone.  Con-
Phono Sey. 5183   1296 Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
JoMtof Work a Specialty
P|ione Sey. 138 and Res. Bay. -77
10S5 OBANVILLE ST., Vancouver
»•?" A1"' "nd h'y'> *m' oW blevele
made like new. We will enamel and
?»»• rent wheel look like new from
16*80 up.   All kinds ot repairs at
516-818 How. HaaHnia 412
Hemstitching, button! covered, aeal*
opplng, button holes, plnklrtr, ipon-r-
nj and shrinking, lettering, pice)'edging,    pleating,    ruchlng,    embroidery,
"'OrajjUjaSt. 1SU Dooglaa St
Phone Sex, aisi Phon. liao
J. PHILLIPS * CO.. Agent!
*""■■  ""' 1228 Hamilton
Phona 5118
Sm ds and save money.
The Jirvh Electric Co., Ltd.
670 Richards Street
Ask your dealer for
Union-made, Homemade, Overalls, Pants,
Oppoilti labor Temple
Headquarters for Labor men.    Ratea
75c and $1.00 per day.
'       $2,50 per week and up.
Cafe at Reasonable Bates.
Labor Temple Press    Sey. 4490
Wilson & McNeil
Painters, Paperhangers
and Decorators
1166 13th Ave, Bast Vancouver
Phone Fairmont 760R
Estimates given on any work In
our line.
V. B. — Wa cater tta out-of-town
trade as mu aa far work In Vancoa*
var. Writs na, stating yonr needs asd
wa will advlaa yoa.
Poultry Wanted
Phone 1007      910 Oranvllle St
260 rooms, 100 with private baths
Phone Seymour 8880
Vancouver's newest nnd most
complete notol
European Plan 11.00 per Day Up
New electric nuto bus meets all
boats and trains free
Oor. Dunsmuir and Bichards Sts.
Ask your dealer for
Union-made, Homemade, Overalls, Pants,
Refined Servioe
One Block west of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour 2486 OFFICIAL  FAFBB  VAKOOTJVBB
Urat aad third TliursdayB. i5xeca.iv«*-
board; Jauiua ti. MeVety. president; Fred A.
Hoover, vice*president; Victor 11, .Mldgley,
general aeoreiary, 21U Labor Temple; D'red
snowies, treasurer, W. ti. Cotterill, atatiati-
oiaii; aergeaut-ttt-armu, Ueorge tiarriion; A.
J. Crawierd, Jaa. Campbell, H\ tiaigli, true-
Meets   eecond   Monday   iu   tne   month.
President,   J.   McKinnon;   aeeretary,   K,  ti.
NeelaudB, P. O. Hux ttti.
BAMTKWDKltb' LOCAL No. ti 7 ii—Office,
Hoom 206 Labor Temple. Meeta Urat
tiuuduy oi each month. President, Jamea
Campuell; nnanclal uucretury, ti. Davis, ttoa
a'mi; plume, tiey. 4762; recording aeeretary,
Vv m, ________ Uloue Hotel, Main atreet.
i al Uuiou of America, Local No. 130—
Meets 2nd aud 4th lk«sdaye in the montb,
Room UU6 Labor Temple. President. L, _.
tierriti; seoretury, ti, ti. Urant, 0u4 Ueorgla
BK10KLAYEHS   AND   MAtiONti,   NO.   1—
Meet 2nd and 4th Vv edaeadaya, 8 p.m.,
Boom UU7. Preaident, Chaa. J)', timilh; cor*
responding aeeretary, VI.'ti. Dagnall, Box bu,
huaucial sueretary, W. J. 1,'ipes; buslneas
agent, _____0____\, Koom 210.
BiiEWlilti: WOKKERa, L. U. No. 281, 1. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third
Monday of eaoh month, Boom WA, Labor
Temple, 6 p.m. Preaident, A, Syltea; secretary. Frank Uraham, 'i'&bH Twelfth avenue
weat. •
and Iron Bhip Builders and Helpers ol
America, Vancouver Lodge No, lw4—Meets
first aud third Mondays, tl p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 7li tieventeenth avenue west;
leoretary, A. Fraaer, 1161 Howe atreet,
620. Meets every tiunday, tl p.m„ Room 210,
Labor Temple. Presidont, Wm. Walker;
vice-president, J. B. Flynn; aecretary-treaaurer,   W,  A.   Alexander,  Boom  210,   Labor
Temple._Phone, Bey. lama.	
Pacific—Meets at 407 Qore avenue every
Tuesday,  7  p.m.    Russell Eearley,  business
Aak  for  Labor  Temple   'Phons  Exchange,
Seymour   748S   (unless   otherwise   stated).
Boilermakers—J. H. Oarmiehael, eare Hotel
Regent, 140 Hastings street east.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No, 017—'Jaa.
RoblnBon, Boom 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No 2047—J. Q.
Smith, Boom 208.
Civic Employees—V. B. Mldgley, Boom 210.
Electrical Workers—E. H, Morrison, Boom
207;    Sey. 3510.
Deep Sua Fishermen's Union—Bussell Kearley, 437 Qore avenue. Offlee phone, Sey*
mour 4704; residence, Highland 18UL.
Longshoremen's Association—J. Mahone, 10
Powell street; phone Sey. 6859.
Musicians—ti. J. .Brasfleld, Boom 805,
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 218 Hastings street
west.     Sey.  8708.
Street Bailway Employeea—Fred A, Hoover;
oor. Main and Prior, Phone exchange
Seymour 5000. Residence, Fairmont B41R,
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Boom 20S.
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. Mc
Dougall, 1162 Powell atreet; recording secretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple; nnanclal
secretary and business ageut, E. H. Morrison,
Room 1HjT, Labor Temple.
soclation, Local 88*62—Offlce and hall
10 Powell street. Meets every Thursday b
p.m. Secretary-treaaurer, F. Chapman; business agent, J. Mahone,
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President, Wm. Small; recording secretary, J,
Brooks; financial seoretary, J. H. MoVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7485.
tori' Union, Local 848, 1. A, T. S. E. A
M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday of eaoh
mouth, Room 204, Labor Temple. President,
J, R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
financial and corresponding secretary, 0, A.
Hanson, P. 0. Box 846.
America—Vaucouver and vicinity.—
- Braach meets seoond and fourth Mondays,
Boom 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue west; financial aeeretary, J.! Campbell, 4860 Argyle
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 ggw Btreet.   Phono Bayvlew 2698L.
138—Meeta second an fourth' Thursdaya
of each mouth, room 808, Labor Temple.
President, John McMoll; finanoial secretary,
Qeo. H. Weston; recording secretary, Jas.
Wilson, room J03, Labor Templo.
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—
Meets Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wedneadaya at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble;
vice-president, E. S. Cleveland; reeordlng seo.
tary,  A.  V.  Lofting,   2661   Trinity   street.
Shone Highland 168R; financial aeeretary and
uslness agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
drive, ofllce corner Prior ___}
1 Btreets.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday in each month, 6 p.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president, Miss
H. Gutteridgo; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box SOS; financial aeoretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 508.
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
Preaident, H. C. Benson; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
annual convention in January. Exeoutlve
officers, 1917*18: President, J. Naylor, Box
416, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vancouver: Jas. H. MoVety, V. B. Mldgley, Labor
Temple. Victoria: J. Taylor, Box 1816. Van*
couver Island: W. Head. South Wellington,
Prinoe Rupert: W. E. Thompson, Box 694,
New Westminster: W. Yates, 906 London
street. Kootenay District: A. Goodwin, Box
26, Trail. Crowa Neat Valley: W. B. Phil-
lips, 176 McPherson avenue. Saoretary*
treasurer: A. S. Wells, Box 1688, Victoria,
B. 0. »■,,-,
Allied Printing Trades Council—B. B. Neelands, Box 86.
Barbers—S. H, Grant, 1801 Seventh avenue
Bartenders—W. H. Smith, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cattail, 2206 Fifteenth Ave.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat,
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
Boot and Shoe Workera — Tom Cory, .182
Tcmpleton drive.
Brewery Workers—Frank Graham, 2266 12th
avenue west.
Bricklayers—WUUam S. Dagnall, Labor Tern-
'   pie.
Brothorhood of Carpentera District Counoll
—G. H. Page, Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1167 Harwood street. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G.  Savage, 1235 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—
Brotherhood of Maintonance*of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 236 Clark drive.
Building Trades Council—Victor B. Midgley,
Room 210, Labor Temple.
Clgarmakers—B. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Faotory, Georgia street.
City Firemen's Union—Syd. Jackson, No. 2
Fire Hall, Seymour street.
Civlo Employees—G. Harrison, 1428 Kitchener street.
Cooka, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Boom 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Hod Carriers and Building Laborers—Labor
Lathers—J. Lelghton, Holdon Building, Hastings utrcet east.
Letter Carriers—Bobt. . Wight, 177—17th
avenue weat.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 867 Twontloth
avenne east.
Musicians—ti. J. Brasfleld, Boom 806, Labor
Temple. <
Molders—G. F. Nichols, 121 Sixth avenue
Moving Picture Operators—A, A. Hansen, P.
0. Box 846.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty atreet.
Painters—Jas. Wilson, Room 808, Labor
Plumbers — Room 206 %, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611,
Pile Drivers and Wooden' Brldgemen—W.
Eastman, P. 0. Box 820.
Pressmen—E. Waterman,  1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 2276 Fourteen Ave.
est.    Bayvlew 2216L.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. WestmoW'
land, 1612 Yew street.
Retail Clerks' Association—Albert Crossling,
688 Hamilton street.
Seamen's Union—W. S. Burns, P. 0. Box
Structural Iron Workers—Roy Mamccar,
Room 208, Labor Temple,
Sheet Metal Workers—J, W, Alexander, 2120
Pender .street east.
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—Chas, Force,
95 Powell stroet.
Streot Railway Employees—A. V. Lofting,
2561 Trinity atroot.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, eire Province.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 842.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box  711.
Tilnlayors  and  Helpera—A.  Jamleson,  640
Twonty-third avenue east.
Trades and Labor Council—Vlotor R. Midg-
tey, Room 210. Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Trades   Council
Labor Candidates of
Last Year
Suggested Women Work for
the Minimum Wage
VIOTOBIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MeeU flrst and third Wednesday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p.m. Prosldent, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1278 Den-
man Btreet; seoretary B. Simmons, Box 302,
Victoria, B. C,
Victoria, B. 0. P. 0. address Box 92. Local
union meets flrst and third Sunday, 10 a.m.
Place of meeting, Labor Hall, DeCosmoa blk.
President, J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; secretary, J. M. Amer, 1046 MoOlure street; business agent, 8. Cullum, phone 110 IB.
of America, local 784,  New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1*80
p.m.    Secretary, f, W. Jameson, Box 496.
Council—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, lu Carpentera' hall. President, 8. D. Macdonald; seeretary, J, J.
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
offioebs op the amebioan federation OF LABOR
President—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D.
0.; Clgarmakers International union.
First vice-president—James Duncan, Quincy,
Mua.; Granite Cuttora' International
Second vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. 0.; International Association of Machinists,
Third vice-president—W. D. Mahon, Chicago,
III. Street Railway Employees' nnion.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati; Molders' union of North
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'umbers,
Sixth vice-president—H. B. Perhsm, St.
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphera.
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis ; United Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workera.
Treasurer—John B. Lennon, Bloomington,
111.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Seoretary—Frank Morrison, Washington, D.
0.; International Typographical union.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OF A.-
Moeta aecond and fourth Sunday of each
month, at 8.80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven;
recording secretary, Jas. Bateman; financial
seeretary, S. Portray; treasurer, J, H. Richardson. ^^
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meets In convention September of
eaoh year. Executive board: Jaa. 0. Watters,
president; vice-presidents: A. Watchman, Victoria, B. 0.; James Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Bigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg,-Man.; secre*
tary-treasuror, P. M. Draper, Drawer 616, Ottawa, Ont. 	
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals are made.
The address labol on your
paper carries tho date to which
your' subscription is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
office, tho correct change in
your label date is not made,
notify us at onco. When you
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send it to this offlce—not to
the other fellow. Thus you
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Tomple,
Vancouver, B. 0.
"SEA Of America rGbr
Vole against prohibition! Demand in
sonal liberty in choosing what you will drink.
Aak for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that It Is Union
Made. This is our Label
pOAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln
*-* Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tho
Yukon Territory, the North-West Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
tw«nty-one years renewal for a further term
of 21 years at an annual rental of $1 an aore.
Not more tban 2,660 acres will be leased to
ono applicant.
Application for a lease must be mado by
the applicant In porson to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district In which the rights ap*
plied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be des*
scribed by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections,' and in unsurveyod territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of 96 wblch will be refunded If tht,
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall bo paid on the
merchantable output of tho mine at tbe rato
of five oents per ton.
Tho person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon, If tne
coal mining rights are not boing operated,
such returns Bhould be furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will Include the coil mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 46
George V. assented to 12th June, 1014.
LAST WEEK'S meeting of tho-Trades
and Labor council was of a varied
character. It was launched on the
smooth waters of routine proceedings,
drifted along on a smooth current for a
considerable time while the president
presented a lengthy report, got into the
rapids whon Del Miss Gutteridge introduced the question of women organizing for semi-political purposes and
{■landed in a regular whirlpool when Del.
Trotter and President MeVety engagod
in a heated altercation over incidents
connected with the still-born political
campaign of Labor laBt year and references made thereto at recent meetings
of the council. Seeretary Midgley tried
to guide the meeting into smooth waters by suggesting the second reading of
the new constitution, but the delegates,
with the roar of the whirlpool debate
still in their ears, refused to, be guided
and the meeting adjourned.
Credentials were received and delegates obligated aa follows: Moving Picture operators, G. B, Sear in place of
Del. Tenney; Brewery "Workers, Mr. Gilbert; Hodcarriers and Laborers, G. R.
Nordstrom; Garment Workera, Miss B.
Bennett,* Machinists, Jas. Taylor; Carpentors and Joiners, B, Jackson.
The application of Union No. 65, Hodcarriers and Builders' Laborers, was accepted. Secretary Midgley stated that
the Civic Employees had recently split.
The arrangement was that the Builders'
Laborers were to ma^e a new application, the Civic Employees, which' was
now awaiting its charter, to retain the
old aftiliatiou and delegates to the council.
The request of tho Park board for
suggestions as to a civic floral emblem
was met by suggesting dogwood, although, in view of the prevailing
weather, it waB suggested by a delegate
that an umbrella plant would be very
appripriate. s
Complaint re Provincial Asylum.
The Becrotary reported that the consul for Belgium had forwarded paraph-
lots covering tho protest of Belgian
workers who had been forced to work
for Germans, which had been distributed, and also that the request of the
Trail Trados and Labor council to nd-
vertiso for workers to keep away from
Trail in viow of the existing strike, had
been carried out.
A letter from Jack Anderson of Pacific mills, complained of the treatment
accorded him at the New Westminster
asylum, and asked that a commission be
appointed to investigate the case. The
council decided to forward the letter to
the provincial secretary, with a request
for investigation, the president stating
that several complaints of a similar
character had been made.
Secrotary Midgley reported thnt President McVety, Del. Campbell and
Hoover and himself had represented tho
council at the annual meeting of the B.
C, Federationist, Led. The balance
sheet had beon approved, and Messrs.
A. S. Wells und J. Naylor chosen as
directors. After the reading of the certificate of Crehan, Martin & Co., as to
the accuracy of the balance Bheet, it
was Btated that dolegates might inspect
the Bheet at the secretary's office, and
that arrangements had been mado for
tho nest balance sheet to cover more
than a twelvo month period, thus making it moro up-to-date.
Secretary Midgley went over tho situation as to tho hours of female workers
in Vancouver laundries, closing with a
resolution authorizing the executive, in
caso tho regulations of the Factories
Act were not carried out, to prosecute
laundries whero tho stated hours were
not observed. A delegate stated that
there was no use in doing this, aB the
inspector could grant permits for overtime work, Presidont McVety nnd Del.
Miss Gutteridgo explained that thc discretionary powers granted the inspector
only covered emergency cases .and imposed an annual limit as to excess timo.
Tho secretary pointed out that tho ro*
cent enso where, when the houra wero
reduced to tho Act limit and tho employers reduced the wages of tho girls at the
same timo, proved that tho overtime was
counted as a regular thing. Tho reso<
lution was then passed.
Movement By Employers,
Prosidont McVety called attontion to
a letter, marked "confidential," and
evidently sent to proprietors of all moving picture hoiises, by R. E. W. Fair-
leigh of Vancouvor. This statod that a
petition would be presonted to tho government, requesting the amendment of
the Moving Picture Act so ns to allow
owners of theatres to operate a movie,
machine without taking the required examination for operators. It wus considered that with proper p/essure, this
amendment could easily bo secured.
Aftor rcforence had been made to thc
rigid examination' now demanded of
movie operators, tho provision made by
tho government in the form of apparatus for this work and the fact that the
proposed amendment meant the working
of unlicensed operators who would possibly tako the place of union men, the
council directed that a protest against
the consideration of nny such legislation bo sent to the provincial authorities.
Tho president reported his appointment on the arbitration board to consider tho demands of tho wireless operators, whom, ho said, were now boing
organized as a local of the Commercial
Telegraphers. Ho stated that tho Marconi Co. mado nn allowance of $600 per
year for operating each sot of apparatus, but the local companies only paid
and structural iron workers. The civic
board of works had accepted the principle of union wages for various trades,
and city council would probably approve
the plan as soon as the schedule of prevailing, wages was-attached. With reference to immigration, some miners for
the Island and Atlin were allowed to
come in, but an application for workers
for the Iron Mask mine at Kamloops
was opposed, as the closing down- of
some of tbe Consolidated Co.'s plants,
in order to coerce the men into abandoning an effort for a wage advance,
would provide all the workers necessary.
Enrolment of' Women Voters.
In view of the fact that women will
have a vote at future provincial elections, and their names must be secured
for the Ust, the council will ask the
government to appoint a large number
of commissioners to properly cover the
Iu connection with the report as to
the patriotic fund, enquiry was made as
to why, when two soldiers' wives live
together, a reduction of $5 per month
was made on the allowance. To thiB it
was replied that the rule was made at
Ottawa, and was founded on the idea
of overhead expenses boing reduced by
the women living together. Del, Wight
asked why registration cards as to
household expenses had been sent to soldiers' dependents. It wus replied that
this was not done, as far as was known,
by the patriotic find. It was possible
the cards might be part of the campaign of the department of labor, to arrive at the basis of the cost of living
for an ordinary family.
Del. Trotter asked if tbe oppointment
of the son of F. C. Wade as an operator
of the movie machine in the provincial
censor's office meant the replacement of
a union man, the reply being in tho negative.
President McVety, in a lengthy address, outlined the position he had taken
at Victoria when appearing before the
private bills committee in support of the
city's effort to have eliminated from itB
charter the clause which prevents it entering into competition with the B, C.
Electric by supplying light and power
from a municipal plant.
In addition to the facts connected
with this subject, previously reported in
The Federationist, President McVety,
when dealing with the question of the
Western Canada Power Co. as a competing company, referred to Labor Temple
matters. He said that a rate 'of from 7
to 4 cents was quoted by the B, C. Electric for power for the building. He had
replied that the Western Canada wub
lighting large buildings for 1% cents,
and supplying large blocks of power for
% cont. A few days later ho waB quoted a 1 cent rate by tbe B. C. Electric,
and this waB the ratt* now paid. He
also stated that after the companies
enmo to an agreement whereby the B.
C. Electric secured a monopoly of lighting in Vancouver, the quotations on provision for lighting large blocks waB increased.
The Organized Workers of
Prince Rupert Strongly
Favor Action
Question of Platform for the
Party Is Discussed at
the Meeting
For full information application ahould be __ operators wages of $30 per month.
made to the Seeretary ot the Department of      nilfni **«.., ... -,~A l... *Vn .,,.,,..;
the Interior, Ottawa, ir to any Agent or Sub* ot,*« mutters reported by the prosi-
Agent of Dominion Lands. dent woro as to his delivering addresses
■*,    .....   w* w* C0?T* , on Labor subjects before tho university
N.B.-uSLSfp^S'attn Mra** *«■■« & "onomica and tho settlement
mtlaement will not bo paid for.—B8675.      I of cases  for tho stationary  onginecrs
Council Approves Municipal Plant.
After hearing the report, the council
issed a resolution approving of the
city's application for the alteration of
its charter and directed that copies be
forwarded to the provincial authorities.
The attention of the council was
called to thc fact that the city was endeavoring to secure a charter amendment covering the'"taking of plebiscites
which provided, where the expenditure
of money was covered, for the vote being confined to ratepayers. It was said
that Aid. Kirk was probably responsible
for this stipulation, his attention being
probably drawn to the matter by the
popular approval of the ITremen's two-
platoon system. The council will sond
a request to the provincial authorities,
asking that the clause be so wordod as
to give all city voters a vote on plebiscites. ,
Under reports from unions, Del. McDonald, of the carpenters, said a member of the Typos, had set a good example by demanding strictly union labor
on a house he was building. Del. Ellsworth, of the tailors, corrected an error
in a report he made at the previous
meeting, with regard to his local's attitude on the question of entering politics
the vote having been in favor of the
idea. Del. Kurbitz, of the cignrmakers,
reported that a cigar styled the Brewster, and boaring tho premier's picture,
was being sold locally, the article being
made by non-union labor. The delegate
from the engineers extended thanks to
President McVety for arranging matters
on work nt Pantngos theatre.
The council decided to appoint a delegato to act with othevs in requesting the
governmont to tnke steps to protect the
watershed from which Vancouvor draws
its water supply, President McVety being named as tho delegate.
Proportional Representation.
On a resolution of Del. Trotter, tho
council directed that a letter of protest
bo sent to the provincial authorities
with reference to tlio action of the Vancouver Liberal association in suggesting
thnt the city bo divided into six separate constituencies, thus bnrring the possibility of currying out thc proportional
representation plnn of voting. Del.
Trottor snid thc Liberals had approved
the proportional representation idea
whon thoy were "out," but now that
they wore "in," wanted to drop thc
plan. Tho movement for this system
wns growing, and tho efforts now being
put forward to make it null as far as
tho city wns concerned, should bo
Del. Miss Guttoridgc asked that n
committee consisting of three delegates
from each affiliated organization having
women members, bo nppointed, to net as
a council committeo. Its work was to
be tho securing of data in connection
with the 8-hour dny and minimum wago
for women, ns well as the question of
mothers' pensions. The mover said it
was hor idea to get the women working
for themselves, now that they would
have the ballot. It would take some
timo to got tbe movement into shape,
but thero was need of tho preliminary
work being done now.
Del. Hubble suggested that the question of 8-hour day and minimum wngo
for men should also bo taken up, but
tho mover objected. Sho said the women vote was now an uncertain quantity, and they would stand a better
chance of getting what, was desired by
separate action,
Questions were raised as to tho advisability of appointing a council committee of persons who were not delegates,
and suggestions mado as to the work
boing dono through tho executive or tho
parliamentary committee, the latter being '' resurrected'' for tho purposo,
Miss Gutteridgo was not satisfied with
either proposal, saying that "tlio women should got out and do thoir own
work, as thoy had lot George do it long
enough," and finally withdrew her ro-
(Continucd on pngo 4)
PBINCE BUPERT, April 7.—Presi
dent S. D. Macdonald presided at the
last regular meeting of the Trades and
Labor council, when many matters of
interest and importance were considered. It was unanimously decided to report favorably on the referendum submitted by tho B. C. Federation of Labor
as to whether or not that body should
tako a hand in the political field. The
question of platform will be considered
later, when the workers throughout the
province have decided what action they
consider advisable. The latter question
was touched on at some length by Del.
W. E. Thompson, Geo. B. Casey and the
Del. (Alderman) Casey, who has been
making a tour of the northern district
in the interests of Labor, reported that
conditions looked fairly promising, and
it might be mentioned that "George"
is some diplomat, with a capital " D."
Credentials were received from the
newly-organized Machinists' union.
This local has been considerably augmented by the recent arrival of members from the south.
The offices of financial and recording
seeretary have been combined, tho council deciding that, owing to the increased
work falling on the shoulders of tho incumbent, a small remuneration Bhould
be given. Del. W, E. Thompson was
elected to the position.
Among othor questions receiving the
attention of the council to the sanitary
conditions of the Prince Bupert schools.
Del. Geo. B. Cafley was elected to the
finance committee, and Del. J. Gillis to
the post of sergeant-at-arms.
The new order-in-council passed by
tho provincial govornment allowing
merchants to keep open on the Wednesday half-holiday in order to cater to the
fishing trade, is receiving tho attention
of the central body, at the request of
the retail clerks.
The mention of retnil clerkB calls to
mind the smoker held by this young
union quite recently. It was one of the
most successful and pleasant labor "get
togethers" held in the city for some
time. This local is composed of a bunch
of "live wires" who aro making their
union a real factor in the labor circles
of Prince Bupert.
When you got to know a follow, know
his joys and know his cares,
When you've come to understand him
and tho burdens that he bears;
When  you've  learned  the  flght  he's
mnking and tho troubles in his
Then you find that he is different than
you thought his yesterday.
You  find  his  faults   are  trivial   and
there's not so mucn to blamo
In the brother tbat you jeered at when
you only know hiB name.
You are quick to see th'e blemish in the
distant neighbor's style,
You can point to all his errors and may
sneer at him the while;
And your prejudices fatten and your
hates more violent grow
Ab you talk about the failures of the
man you do not know.
But whon drawn a little closer, and
your hnuds and shoulders touch.
You find tl»e traits you hated really j
don't amount to much.
When you got to know a follow, know
his every mood and whim,
You begin to find tho texture of the
splendid side of him;
You begin to understand him, and you
cease to scoff nnd sneor,
For with understanding always prejudices disappear.
You begin to find his virtues and his
faults you cease to toll
For you Beldom hate a fellow when you
know him vory well.
Whon next you start in sneering aud
your phrases turn to blame,
Know more of him you censure than his
busineBB and his aame;
For it's likoly thnt acquaintance would
your prejudice dispel
And you'd roully come to Hko him ifj
yon knew htm very woll.
When you got to know a fellow and you
understand his ways,
Then his faults won't really matter, for
you '11 flnd a lot to praise.
—Edgar GueBt.
Veterans' Pensions.
Boturned soldiers have just cause for
complaint in tho scalo of pensions now
being paid. Tho maximum ponsion for
the rank and file is 4480 per year with
an additional allowance to thoso who
aro unablo to euro for themselves, or
who require special attention. The pensions ihcroase with rank up to a brigadier-general, whoso pension is $2700 a
your. Tho Boldier disabled to tho extent
of 60 per cent, or ovor, receives $5 por
month for each child. Tho child of a
brigadier-general recenves $10 por
month. A private's child is only worth
half as much to tho state as tho officor's
child. This disparity between the pension of the rank and file nnd tho officers
in tho allowance mado for children is
manifestly unfair nnd should be removed.—Calgary Nutcracker.
"By rubbing elbows wo erase prejudices and antagonisms. At contact we
find that tho main difference between
most of us is mntter of accent, tailors,
and tablo manners; at heart we're
pretty much the same. Sectinnnl diB-
likes arc founded upon hearsay far of-
tener than experience. Wo believo the
worst of thoso whom wc have not mot.
No ono particular town breeds super*
mon. Go soft in your criticism of certain fellow-citizens. You'll probably
have n few of them for childrcn-in-law
dator on."
/ In Vtm«oav«r \
V     dl/, 11.00 )
$1.60 PER YEAR
Skill and experience
plus equipment
—In placing before you the faeilitlea of my dental office, equipped with
the latest and most scientific dental appliances and instruments, I know
your confidence will be well placed, for, with experience gained in the
best dental offices, I combine the very best materials obtainable.
—No better materials for plates, c rowne, bridges or teeth ean be obtained than I tne in all my work.
—No better work can be done, even if yon pay more—for I put in the
highest clan of skill, just as I use the best grade of materials.
Ten-year I use the Anocain Infiltration method, .Tea-year
Written            endorsed by tho highest dental author!- Written
Guarantee         ties for the alleviation of pain.. Guarantee
Upper or lower plate	
Oold Crowns, 22 karat—
Porcelain Crowns  	
Bridgework, per tooth	
Oold Fillings .
..t 6.00
..$ 5.00
Porcolain Fillings	
Silver Fillings	
Painless Extractions .
...t 200
..I 1.60
...I 1.50
No charge made for extraction when is preparation for
Plates or Bridgework.
Examination and Estimates Oiven Without Oharge
PHONE SETMOUB 2715 Offlce Hoars: S un. to t p.i
Open Evenings Tuesday and Saturday 7 to 9
Dr. GRADY, dentist
Ask for
For sale, bottled, at all Liquor Stores; for sale, on draught,
AT ALL HOTELS.    Rich, Creamy and Malty.   Health and
vigor in every drop.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Instead of pure maple.   It is just as good, and costs considerably less.
Made from pure Sugars, and guaranteed to contain no foreign flavoring.
Watch for demonstrations at the louding grocery stores.
Packed in bottles, quarter, half and one gallon tins.
Order a tin today and be convinced.
The Sign
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY. LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
Capital. 115,000,000        Best  113,600,000
Main Office:   Oorner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vaneoaver
.., .Cor. Pint Avonas tnd Commercial Drl?a
....Cor. Pender nnd Main Street!
....Cor. Sixth Avenue end Granville Street
,,., Cor. Hulingi tnd Ceinble Streete
... Cor, Foarth Aventie end Yew Streot
... Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
,.. Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
... Cor. Forty-clghtb and Fraeer Avoi.
Also North Vancouver Branch, Comer Lonsdale Avenue anil Esplanade
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN REID, Proprietor
Manufacturers of
Office and Works: Tenth Street NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0, PAGE POUR
PBIDAY. April 13, 191
_7 Zoij—r yous —• wj/
For your kitchen, Wellington nut.
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump    . $7.50
Comox Nut _ 6.50
Comox Pea . ,i 4.50
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
JtJfcil ll
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BAULKY a SONS, UI Baatlnie Street Seymoar 310
BLOOHBEBQF.lt, F. B„ 810 Broadway East I Fairmont 203
BHAND a PERRY, 62» Pender Street, Weat  Seymour 257S
BURRARD PUBLISHINO  CO.,  TU  Seymour  Street    Seymour 8530
CLARKE A- STUART. 820 Seymour Street    Seymour 8
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIB PBINTINO CO., 43T Dunamulr Street Seymoar 1108
EVANS * HASTINGS, Aria aud Crafte Bldg., Seymour St Seymour 6050
KEBSHAW, J. A., 530 Howe St.... Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P., 8:13 Qore Ave Seymour 1080
MAIN PRINTINO CO., 3851 Haiti St Fairmont 1988
HoLEAN A SHOEMAKER, North Vancourer N. Van. 58
MOOBE PBINTINO CO., Cor. Granville and Robson SU Seymour 4648
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 137 Pender St Seymonr 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Soymour 9592
PEABCE * HODGSON, 513 Hamilton Stmt Seymour 9021
BOEDDE. O. A., Olfl Homer Street Seymour 284
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHINO CO., 317 Cambie St Seymonr 6509
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 203 Kingeway  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Street  Seymonr 470
THOMSON STATIONERY. 325 Haatinga W.. Seymour 8520
TIMMS,,A. H., 280 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 621R
WESTERN PRESS, 828 Cordova W. Seymour 7566
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO.,.831 Dunemulr St   ....Seymour 8526
WHITE* BINDON, 628 Pender Weat Seymour 1214
Write "Unloa Label" oa Tour Copy when Ton Sand It to tha Printer
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year's subscription to Tbe B. <
C. Fedorationist, will bo mailed  to nny id*
dress In Canada for $10.    (Good anywhere
outside of  Vancouver city,)    Order ten today,   ltomit when sold.
Smoke These Union Made Cigars
Sales Manager for British 3118 Alberta St., Vancouver
Columbia and the Yukon Phone Fairmont 826
(Continued.from page 3)
solution, aayipg that she would take up
the matter outBide the council.
Bel. Trotter Explains.
Being given the floor on a question of
privilege, Del. Trotter said thut at the
previous two meetinga statements had
been made affecting him which were in-
-fiorrect. President McVety, in referring to the council's labor ticket of last
year, said the names had been withdrawn after one of the candidates had
appeared on the platform at a Liberal
meeting. Mr. Hardy must have been
the man but, as a matter of fact, he had
not appeared on a Liberal platform
until after the council hail decided to
withdraw itB candidates. Tho real reason for the candidates being withdrawn
was that there was a suspicion of Conservative influence in the Labor camp.
With roferenco to thb statement as to
hia saying that he had not asked tlio
support of Labor as it might possibly
hurt his campaign, this was absolutely
unfounded. (President McVety hero
said he had made no such statement,
and other delegates confirmed this, saying that the remark had been made con-
corning another candidato).
Continuing, Mr. Trotter said that
aftor the council had decided to take no
part in the contest, it wns impossible
for him to ubIe any endorsement by it.
Nevertheless, ho had a committee of
union men, which included two members of the council executive. As far as
Tho Federationist was concerned, ho
hnd expected opposition from this
source. It wus true that his cut had
appeared in the paper, but this was
dono by request, and that articles concerning him had appeared during tho
campaign, but even then a heading waB
placed on one of these which weakened
tho force of the article. He thought,
however, that the attitude of The Federationist and the Labor Templo crowd
did his candidacy no harm. In closing,
Mr. Trotter went into the question of
his campaign expenses, saying that an
examination of those .figures should be
made if the council was thinking of entering the provincial contest, the totals
being very much above the amount stated at a previous meeting. With reference to this campaign fund, he said
that, outside of his personal expenses,
the fund had been made up by twenty-
five friends, fourteen being outside of
organized labor and the other eleven
being connected with the movement.
President McVety Also Explains.
President McVety replied to Del.
Trotter. He said it was unfortunate that Mr. Trotter's friends were constantly raising the question as to Mr,
Trotter having boen a Labor candidate,
and the attitude of Tho Federationist
on his candidacy. As a matter of fact,
there was nothing in Mr. Trotter's candidacy which warranted mention of him
ns a Labor candidate or the endorsement of The FcderutioniBt. The names
of the men on his nomination paper did
not include oveu a single representative
of Labor. The real fact wns that Dr.
Telford and Mr. Trotter wero to run as
Prohibitionist candidates. (Mr. Trotter
said this statement was wrong as the
Prohibitionists had held a meeting at
which strong pressuro was brought to
have both Dr. Telford and himself drop
out. Tho meeting succeeded with Dr.
Telford, but not with him).
Mr. McVety said ho had no? opposed
Mr. Trotter's candidacy. As to The
Fedorationist, it hnd just gono on
record as to the council's stand against
Prohibition, and could not well support
an avowed Prohibitionist. Nevertheless the paper ran, by request, the candidato 's cut and campaign material.
(Mr. Trotter here questioned as to
whether the council hnd taken a definite
stand against Prohibition).
In closing, Mr. McVety said ho hnd
no intention of misrepresenting Mr.
Trotter. He would stand by what he
had said, and would have made the
statements even if Mr. Trotter had been
at tha meeting. Mr, Trotter's remarks
had been based on partial press reports
and verbal statements by delegates
with whom he had conforred, these reports' not really covering what had been
After brief comment on the dobate
by several delegates, Secretary Midgley
tried to introduce the second rending of
the revised constitution, but his effort
was drowned by the cries of resolution
to adjourn.
Delegates Present.
Statistician Cottrell's report as to tho
'attendance at the meeting, showed 53
delegates present as follows:
Bricklayers—B. Wilde, and W. Pipes;
barbers, S. H. Grant; brewery workers,
A* Gilbert; cigarmakers, A. Kochel and
G. Kurbitz; civic employees, V. Midgley and G. Harrison; cooks and waiters,
A. Graham; U. B. Carpenters, G. C.
Thom, J. Campbell, A, McDonnld and
J, H. Copping; electrical workerB, F.
Woodside and M. Gerrard; garment
workers, Miss Bennett and J. McMaster; letter carriers, F. Knowles, R.
Wight and N. Barlow; machinists, B.
Hawthorne, J. McVety, J. Brooks and
A. E. Towler; moving picture operators,
C. B. Stear; pattern makers, B. MeDougall; painters, D. Lemon and W. j
Knight; printing press assistants, F, W.
Jure; street railwaymen, W. H. Cottrell. F. A. Hoover, B. Bigby, F. Haigh,
A. MelnneB, J. Hubble and E. Kermodo;
sheet metal workors, A. J. Crawford;
sailors, W. T. Bums; tailors, Miss H.
Gutteridge, C. 8. Gren and J. P. Ellsworth; typoB., W. R. Trotter and H. S.
Corroy; boot and shoo -workers, T.
Corey; wood and wiro lathers, A. P.
Hykos; steam ongineors. W. Walker, J.
R. Flynn and J. C. Niell; retnli clerks,
R. Glen; steam shovel and dredgomon,
W. Cochran; plasterers, G. Rush; amalgamated carpenters, B. Juckson and J,
G. Smith.
Subject of Enquiry Was Formerly Secretary of Moyie Miners' Union.
Information is desired as to tho
whereabouts of W. R. Hocking, who
wns socrotary of the Moyie Miners'
union nbout 10 years ago. All trace of
him has beeir lost for a numbor of yoars
and it is not known whether ho is living
dead. Any information concerning
him should be forwarded to the office of
The Federationist.
" Labor exchanges aro requested to
kindly mention above enquiry in their
columns, any information to be forwarded to Tho Federationist, room 217,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B, C.
Ontario will get in tho now taxes just
about one million dollars annually from
the International Nickol Co., whose profits are sixteen millions nyeur. Sixteen
Ho ono seems to bo a rather lop-sided
arrangement, but it hns a reminiscent
ring in connection with coinage.—Ottnwa Citizen.
Sabbath Work.
Editor B. C. Federationist: There has
recently come before my notice a copy
of the Lord's Day Advocate, published
in the interests of tho word's Day alliance, an organization which haa for itB
object, as fat as one can judge, the prevention of any one plucking ears of
corn on the Sabbath day. This organization is in direct apostolic succession
to the Pharisees who lived contemporary with Jobus of Nazareth. But in
spite of that illustrious prophet's diction, that according to a code higher
than the Mosaic code, it is porfectly
lawful to do good on tho Sabbath day,
these present-day Sabbatarians are very
active in preventing nil kinds of good
being done on the Sabbath. Recreation
is good; for stimulating muscular acti
vity. Amusement is good; for toning
jaded nerves. Reading is good, for mental refreshment. Yet all these exercises
are under tho ban of this Pharisaical organization. Tho Aposlle Paul, speaking
of the squabbling of his time between
Sixth Day Adventists and Seventh Day
Adventists, laid down tho maxim "One
man esteemeth ono day above anothor;
another esteemeth every (lay alike Lot
every man bo fully persuaded in his
own mind." Personally, tho writer esteems every dny alike, and endeavors
to keep alldays holy by honorablo work
aud innocent play, distributed according
to tho needs, or tho passing fancies of
the hour. We believe, however, in a
duy of reBt. In fact I believe in many
days of rest and thus far I am in perfect harmony with the alliance. But
whon these gentlemen proceed to dictato
how I shall rest, whether with my back
againBt a straight, hard pew in church,
or lying qn the gWBS in a field listening to tho rippling laughter of children
and the whistling of unorthodox birds,
I positively object, nnd claim,exemption
under tho aforementioned statement of
the Apostle Paul. Now, it must not be
imagined that these alliance gentlemon
who would shut down all forms of innocent amusement on tho Sabbath, stop
Sundny newspapers, and close ice cream
bars and cigar shops, arc horrified at all
kinds of Sunday labor. Oh, bless you,
no! Tho gentle art of making guns and
bullets and tho very Christian proceeding of making Europe a holl on earth;
these have the sanction of these goodly
instructors; for listen to ono of them.
Archbishop McNeil, speaking at nn alliance meeting, said: "Men had to work
in munition factories and fight on tho
battlefield on Sunday in order that
Christianity should wiu out in the present grent struggle." If that is not
"straining at a gnat and swallowing a
camel," then I don't know the ten commandments. But the presumption of
the dear archbishop that the Allies aro
fighting tho cause of Christianity is perfectly delightful. Barbarous Russia and
atheiBtie France, allied with dear old
England, whose clergy are today holding a mission of repentence becauso
the people are so wicked; this trinity is
fighting for fhe cause of Christianity
against Germany, another Christian
country, indeed it is perfectly delightful. For in spite of the handful of the
followers of Bernhnrdi and the few
thousand scholars who have thrown over
Christianity, the teeming millions in
Germany are under the domination of
tho Christian church. Religion is taught
daily in every school in Germany. And
in my judgment,* it is because of this
fact that the Germans are impregnated
with the Christian dogma "Fear God
and honor the king," that they hove
not long ago revolted against the tyranny of the militnry caste. I have
heard all kinds of reasons for the war,
assassination of the grand duke, violation of Belgium, protection of small nations, Constantinople for Russfti, and
AlBaee and Loraino for Franco, trade
supremacy and a dozen other reasons,
but this last of tho dear archbishop's,
that'' we are fighting for Christianity''
is surely thc lamest. And nothing but
nn attempt to cx&ise the desecration of
the Snbbath in the munition fnctories,
and on the battlefield could havo suggested it to the clerical mind.
Salmon Arm, April 3, 1017.
Officers of Recently Chartered Local
Are Formally Installed.
PRINCE HUPERT, April 7.—March
29 was a rod letter day for tho machinists of Prince Rupert, as on thnt dny
the boys installed the officers of their
rocontly chartered local of the International Association of Machinists. The
meeting was held in the Carpenters'
hall, with a full attendance presont.
Bro. R. T. il, Rose, the president, presided, ably assisted by Bros. Geo. Wad-
dell, financial secretary, nnd Thos. Gil-
more, recording secretary. It had been
arranged that the brothers who had
come from Victoria to do repairs at the
dry dock, should attend to the formal
installation of officers, Bro. E. J. Hurron
occupied the chnir and, assisted by Bro.
Notion, duly performed tho ceremony,
after which the chairman delivered a
rousing address with some good advice
to the new officers, as to how to conduct
their union and to keep it efficient. Thnt
thc Victoria boys have tlio punch was
demonstrated iu short addresses given
during tho evening by Bros. Downs,
Miller, Noble, Simpson, Tclfer and Dunlop. .-Regret wub expressed that OTg.
McCallum was not presont. to have
heard the expressions of grntitude to
him for not only organizing the Prince
Rupert local, but for tho grand work
he is doing in Victoria, Vnncouver, New
Westminster and other Pacific coast
Princo Rupert Local No. 207,1. A. of
Machinists, starts off under most;favor*
able d'dspicoB and, in the words-flf one
of its officers, intends to make it "a
100 per cent, clean cut and dried proposition. '' Arrangements wero completed for the seating of tho local's
delegates on the Trades and Labor
Barbers—Cranbrook—A. E. Bollock, Cranbrook, B. C.
Blacksmiths—Bevelstoke—Jas. M. Goble, Y.
M. U. A. Box, Kevttlstoke, B. C
Brewery Workers—Vancouver—M. 0. Austin, 782 7th avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Barbers— Victoria—Q. W. Wood, 1807 'Government street, Victoria. B. U.
iloiior Makers—Victoria, A. Stewart, P. 0.
box 4b, Beaumont, J.'. 0.. B. 0.,
Bookbinders— Victoria — -, Sturgeon, 141
£.i>ens street, Victoria, B. 0.
BooKbinders—Vancouver—W. ti. C'owderay,
Ibati J-iiU avenue east, Vancouver, B, (J.
Brewery    Workers—.New    We«ttuiostei*-r-Jas.
A. Aninday, U34 Columbia street east, New
Westminster, B, 0.
Brewery   Workers — Victoria — A.   Morgan,
Labor Temple, Viotorla.
Boiler Makers—Bevelstoke—G. W. Edwardl.
1'. 0. Box IBS, Bevelstoke, B. C.
U.     B,     Carpenters — Victoria — Secretary,
Labor Hall,  Victoria, B. C.
A.  S.   U.  B.  Carpenters—Victoria—J.   Ley,
P. 0. Box 770, Victoria, B. C.
U. B, Carpenters—i'riuco Bupert—F. Salter.
P. 0, Box 084, i'riuco Bupert, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—.Nelson—Bobt. Jardlne, P.
0, Box 1006, Nelson, B. C. ,
U. B. Carpentors—JJeisou—G. Fraier, P. 0.
Box mlil, Nelson, B. C.
U.  B.  Carpenters—Trail—F.  Cannoll, Trail,
B. 0.
Ciguriiittkers—Vancouver—B, H. Craig, 418
Georgia street west,  Vancouver, B. C.
Civic Kuiployues—G. Harrison, 1488 iKtclii-n-
er stroot.
Electrical Workers—Vancouver—_, ti, Morrison, Labor Temple,   Vancouver, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Prince Bupert—S. Mas-
Buy, P. 0. Box 944, Prince Kuport, B, C.
Electrical Workers—Victoria—W. Reld, 686
Cecilia road, Victoria, B. 0.
Fisli puckers—Prince Rupert—Secretary, P.
W. Grimblo, P. 0. Box 16116.
Garment Workers—Vnncouver—Mn, Helen
Jardine, Labor Temple.
Laborers—Victoria—T. Liddard, 1088 Queens
Letter Carriers—Victoria—C. Siverts, 1278
lieniuan street, Victoria, B. C.
Lougsboremon—Victoria—Frank Varney, P.
0. Box 1815, Victoria, B. C.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos. Nixon, 10
Powell street, Vancouver, B. C.
Longshoremen—Prince Bupert—P. Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 681, Prince Bupert, B. C.
Moving    Picture    Operators—Vancouver—H.
C. Roddan, 2647 McKenzie street, Vancouver, B. C.
Machinists—-Vancouver—J. H, McVety, Labor
Templo, Vancouver, B. C.
Machinists—Now Westminster—J, M. Belli-
son,  711 Fourth avenue.
Machinists—Bevelstoke—Phil. Parker, Bevelstoke.    '
Machinists—Cranbrook—W. Henderson* P. 0.
Box 627.
Machinists—Victoria—R. H. Scholes, 2720
Fifth atreet.
Moulders—Viotorla—J. Bakers, P. 0. Box
Moulders—Vancouver—W. H. Cooke, 661
Sixth avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.        *
Painters—Victoria—J. Beckett, Labor Hal),
Paper Makers—Powell River—J. E. Mo
Grath, Powell River, B. C.
Pattern Makers—Victoria—Geo, T. Murray,
1111 Oscar stroot, Victoria, ll. C.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—_, Westmoreland, 1612 Yew street, Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Vancouver—H. Mundoll, P. 0. Box
1131,* Vancouver, B. 0.
Plumbers—Victoria—J. Fox, Labor Temple,
Victoria. B. C.
Retail Clerks—Princo Rupert—Socretary, J.
iM. Jones, P. 0. Box 1040.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Vicoria—E. Pelling,
816 Jessie street, Victoria.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Revolstoke—Harry
Parsons, Rovelstoke, B. C.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Nelson—0. H. Phillips, P. 0. Box 908, Nelson, B. 0.
Sheet Metal WorkerB—Victoria—G. Krch-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenue, Victoria, B.C.
Stoam and Operating Engineers—W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Steam Engineers—Victoria—J, Aymer, P. 0.
Box 92, Victoria, B. 0.
Stoam Enginoers—Prince Rupert—Secretary,
F, W. Chandler, P. 0. Box 720.
Stage Employees—Victoria—L. D. Foxgord,
1830 Grant street.
Street Railway Employees—Victoria—R, A.
0. Dewar, 1237 Johnson street, Victoria,
Streot Railway Employees—New Westminster—909 London Btreet, New Westminster, B. G.
Teamsters' Union—Rossland—SecreUry, S.
Merrish, P. 0. Box 668.
Teamsters' Union—Fernie—E. Paterson, P.
0. Box 681, Fernie, B. C.
Trades Council—Vancouver—V. B. Midgley,
Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Trados Council—Victoria—B. Simmons, P. 0,
Box 802,  Victoria, B. C.
Trades     Council — New    Westminster — W.
Yates,  906 London street, New Westminster, B. 0.
LTailors—Victoria—E.  C.  Christopher,  P.  0.
1 ■ Box 387, Victoria, B. 0.
Tile Layers—Victoria—T. King, P. 0. Box
1212,  Victoria, B. 0.
Typographical Union—Princo Rnpert—A. 0.
Franks, P. 0. Box 1021, Princo Rupert,
B. C
Typographical Union—Vernon—W. B. Billiard, Vernon, B. C.     *>
Tradei" Conn oil —Prince Rupert — W. E.
Thompson, P. 0, Box 168, Prince Rupert,
B. 0.
United Mine Workers—J. Naylor, Box 889,
Cumberland, B. 0. ._
United Mine Workers—-H. Beard, Michel, B.
United Mine Workers—Thos. France, Drawer
829, Fernie, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—A. McLellan, Nanalmo, B. 0., Jingle Pot Mine.
United Mine Workers—Geo. Gold, Ladysmlth,
B.C. ,
United Mine Workers—A. Dean, P. 0, Box
768, Nanaimo. B. 0.
United Mine Workers — Jamea Bateman,
South Wellington, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—Brunno Kaarro, Soln-
tula. B. C.
Metalliferous Miners and Smelter Workers'
W. B, Mctsaac, P. 0. Box 606, Ymlr, B. 0.
W. A. Mowlds, P. 0. Box 27, Stewart, B.O.
Albert Goodwin, P. 0. Box 26, Trail, B. 0.
P. J. McKinnon, VanAnda, B. C.
H. McKenzle, Box K, Sandon, B. 0.
F. Leibscher, Silverton, B. 0.
W. Smith, P. 0. Box 294, Phoenix, B. C.
G. 0. Marshall, P. 0. Box 421, Rossland,
B. 0.
v Roy Bureh, Moyle, B. 0.
I>. Wiseman, Klmberley, B. 0.
W. Grcwes, P. 0. Box 875, Hedley, B. C.
Marcus  Martin,  P.  0.  Box  106,   Nelson,
W. Lakeland, P. 0. Box 124, Oreenwood,
B. 0.
To members of any union In Canada a
special rate for The Fodorationlat of $1
por year—If a club of 10 or more is sont
Labor Trouble Arises Because of Employers Violating Agreement.
Machinists are warned to stay away
from tho plant of the Saskatchewan
Bridge and Iron Compnny's plant at
Moose .law, according to advices from
W. A. Watson, socrotary of the Machinists' local at that place, The cause of
the warning is the company's violation
of ils agreement with the machinists by
terminating the agreement without giving the required 80 days' notice.
" * * " |With best wishes for
tho buccoss of the only paper which represents ns workingmen in the west."
—E. Irwin, Amulet, Sask.
wo    stand,    divided
When you get tired hunting for
socialist news in capitalist papers,
subscribe for Tbe Milwaukee
Leader, the- big socialist daily.
Samples on request. Milwaukee,
The Dally Milwaukee Leader and
The Federationist, ono year, 14.60.
A Booklet Which Every Think-
ing Wage Worker
Should Read
i V
• *miiiinmnmiiiinw
tlie noted writer on wage workers' problems who has given the last word on
this subject  ln  "The  Genesis and
Evolution of Slavery,"
Packages of 100 copies or moie
5 cents per copy (carriage paid.)
Single Copies, or ln any number up to 100 copies, 10 cents
each (postpaid).
The merit and real worth
of this publication is shown
by the fact that since it was
issued on November 1, orders for thousands of copies
have been received from all
parts of the world and additional orders are coming in
by every mail.
In a cleat* cut and concise
style this booklet goes thoroughly into the question of
the economic position of capitalist society and the position of the working classes -
in relation to it.
The troublesome phases of
the relations between the
capitalist and the worker
are dealt with in a manner
which solves in plain and
forceful logic many points
on which the worker of today is often "at sea" when
meeting arguments.
Many labor organizations are now sending "repeat" orders for quantities of this booklet, their first orders having been
readily disposed of by sale or distribution. These advices
state that the booklet is eagerly sought and read with keen
interest by their members.
♦♦+♦♦♦♦♦♦♦+♦+♦ ■H+'iff ♦♦'♦;•>"•>♦
Address all orders to
The B.C. Federationist    -
Labor Temple, VANOOUVER, B. 0.
All 8
Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker You Need
„, - _ Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
JK1 0 have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
t addresses at the rate of $1 per year.
Home Industry
Keep the Payroll Here
That's What It Means
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by
cheque (free of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) tt
the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering
at par aud accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue In
Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short
date security.                                         >*.
Proceeds oi this stock are far war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per eent will be allowed
to recognised bond and stock brokers on allotments mad* ia
respect of applications for thia stock which bear their stamp.
For application forms apply to tha Deputy Minister ot
Finance, Ottawa.
OCTOBER 7th, IMS.                                                        1
i PBIDAY „ April 13, 1917
The Man Who Wants
Work Trousers
—will flnd at Spencer's easily the largest stoek and best variety in the
city. What is more, we have a stock at low prioes, starting at $3.00, for
a dark brown tweed.
AT.$2.25 there are three patterns, including plain brown and diagonal
grey tweeds that are exceptional values.
AT $2.76 there are plenty of patterns in browns, greys and mixtures.
AT $3,60 we have the famous Halifax tweed and an English whipcord in
grey, both very popular trousers with men who want wear.
AND AT $3.90 an English hairline in dark grey, also a most durable garment. a
such as a man often wants to eke out a coat and vest that are capable
of furthor service, we have a fine range of stripe worsteds—there are
particularly good to wear with a navy serge or any dark coat.   Prices
are $4,60, $5.00, $6.50, $6.00 and $6.60.
NAVY 8EBOE TBOUSEES, of excellent quality are here in all sizes at
$3.90 and $5.60.
Your beat efforts at cake making
and cake baking will fall far
short of success if your baking
powder is not up to standard.
Use Nabob Baking Powder and
be sure of your results.
VICTORIA, B.C.: 618 View Street.   Pbone, 1269.   Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquiinult Road.   Phone 210,
HAMMOND, B. C: Greonhouscs and Nursery on C. P. R.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Storo and Eogistorcd Offlce: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
4S Hastings Street East.   Phones, Seymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouvor—728 Oranvllle Street.   Phone Seymour 9513
.:       BRITISH COLUMBIA    '
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands. The finest mixed
farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who have gono
in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Welton Block, Vaneoaver
Pure Milk T Union Labor
The milk supplied by this
dairy la pure ia every sense of
the word.
All the bottles and utensils
used by this dairy are thoroughly
Our milk supply comes from
the Fraser Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
Great Northern Transfer Co.. Ltd.
Cartage Agents, Furniture and Piano Removers, Packers and
Baggage delivered to outgoing trains and boats for 26c cents
per piece,
Phone day and night
Sey. 604-405
Evans, Coleman &. Evans, Limited
President of Trades and Labor Congress Issues
Objectionable Features and
Pitfalls for Labor
Whtrf Offlce:
Seymour 2088
Uptown Offlce:
Seymour 826
-THE COMMENT of J. C. Watters,
-* presidont of tho Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada, appearing in The
Survey of March 31, on the result of
nine yoars' trial of tho Industrial Disputes Act,, makes interesting reading.
The article formed part of a symposium
on tho Bubjeet (extended reference to
which waB mado in last week's issue of
The Federationist). Of tho ton contributors to the symposium, however, President Watters is the only Canadian, the
others being largo employera or studenfs
of economics from the States; hence his
references to tho subject come with
greater force than do the others, owing
to his having been more closely asso*
ciated with the scope of the Act and
the result of its actual workings. The
contribution of President Watters on
the subject reads:
"The article, 'Nine Years of the Canadian Act,' (see outline in The Federationist of last week), deals both fairly
and comprehensively with tho operation
of the industrial disputes investigation
act aa it affects the employers and employees coming within the provisions of
the act, and tho public. A clear distinction is drawn between compulsory
arbitration and compulsory investigation as woll as showing clearly the impracticability and non-enforcibility of
the compulsory features of tho act as
applied to employees.
"My own knowledge of the practical
operation of tho act, gained from observation and experience, loads me . to
agreo in the main with the conclusions
drawn by tho writer after the investigation made by him.
Objectionable Features.
"As it appours to me, the compulsory
aspect with the penalties attached, in
providing against a strike or a lockout
beforo the report of tho board iB submitted, constitutes its most objectionable feature. While the uct has been
ignored in many instances and penalties
have been imposed in only a fow minor
cases, the fact that the law is on the
statute books, nevertheless, is u menace
to complcto liberty of uction.
"On tho othor hend, no conciliatory
features havo boen of the greatest vnluo
uud, in principle, are tho opposite of
compulsion. It would appear, then, that
the measuro of value attaching to tho
act is the machinery it provides, first,
for conciliation, and second, for investigation with a view to giving the public
facts on which judgment as to the merits of the dispute mny be based andl
thus bring tho pressuro of public opinion
to', bear on each party to the dispute to
accept the award or recommendation of
the board.
"I am of tho opinion that the beat
purposo would be served by allowing
complcto liborty of nction on tho part
both of employers and employees to declare a lockout or call a strike. But I
would have mnchinery placod at the disposal of ench to bring into being a
board of conciliation nnd investigation
oither before or aftor a strike or lockout exists. The mere fact or a means
being provided by which settlement of
a dispute mny be affected without ro*
sorting to a strike or lockout would
prove a greater factor in maintaining
industrial peace and preventing strikes
thnn the act as it now stands, since fow
would enre to invite public opposition
and thus joopnrdizo thoir case by refusing to tnke ndvantnge of tlie provisions
mndo for seeking an amicable settlement.
Unsatisfactory Administration.
"The administration of thc act has
proved to be not entirely satisfactory.
In support of the administration of the
aet as it now obtains, the claim is
mado that it should be by a department
of government under a minister elected
by the people and responsible to parliament for his actions. Othor considerations ariso, however, that tond to make
it extremely difficult to administer tho
act with impartiality by a department
of government presided over by a cabinet minister. Party advantage, religious bias and its effect on party vicissitudes, the power of cupitul in election
campuigns and the disturbing influence
of organized labor to the retention of
tho scats by ono or tho other political
party, combino to make it undesirable
for a department of governmont to bo
Subject to such considerations in thc administration of tho act. An independent
commissioner, therefore, beyond any influence would at least bo able to administer the net,with absolute impartiality.
"Under tlio heading of Canadian
Opinion, a pnrt of Mr. Selekman's article rouds 'as in this country (United
States) public officials and omployers
aro lined up in favor of the act.' This
is not nn exact statement of fact. It
would bo correct to say that employors
aro lined up in favor of that feature of
the uct which prevents a atrike until
certnin formalities have been obaorved
which nre calculated to delay action. It
would be correct to say, uIbo that thoy
are in favor of a board bringing about a
settlement of a dispute when the employees are in n position to compel
agreement with their demands; but it is
hardly correct to sny that they are in
favor of investigation since they have
everything to lose and the employees
nothing, by a real investigation. Nor
nro they in favor of tho act to tho extent of facilitating tho formation of the
1 board or expediting its work. In the
mnjority of cases thoy ore even reluctant to have a board appointed and slow
to name thoir representative thereon.
Thorough Enquiry Is Oood.
"As to investigation, if it is conduct
ed in n thorough manner, there is much
to commend it. I can recnll that on
several occasions during periods of in'
dustrial warfare in the United States an
investigation into tho causes responsible
for, and conditions accompanying, the
striko, waB ujgod by tho employees to
enable the public to becomo familiar
with tho facts and to bring pressure of
public opinion to bear on the omployers
in order that the causes of the striko
might be removed. In Canada the employees coming within the jurisdiction
of the act have at least the right to
such an investigation by applying for a
board before warfare breaks out at all,
and such investigation can be us thorough and exhaustive as the representative of the employees on tbe board,
within reason, cares to make it."
Successful Gathering Arranged by Bartenders* Local of Northern Oity.
PBINCB BUPEBT, April 7—The last
regular meeting of tne Bartenders'
union took the form of an "ut home."
which proved an unqualified success. As
hosts, the boys were unsparing in their
efforts to make everybody feel pleased,
and the programme of instrumental and
vocal selections, as well as tho serving
of wholesome and well-cooked delicacies
provided several hours of thorough enjoyment. L. W. Beilly made a most efficient and capable chairman, and
among those who contributed to the programme in song and story wero Messrs.
Hill, Hampton, Rennie, Malone, H.
Scott, Brown, Mose Nelson, Joe De-
Mear, Foster, Knowlton, Andy Woodman, Couture, Mclntyre, Lurkin and J.
J. Anderson.
Of particular interest were tho tales
of lifo in the war zono by Joe DeMoar,
who returuod a few weeks ugo after
doing "his bit."
The attendance was very large, nnd
included a number of union mon who recently arrived from Vancouver to work
at the dry dock. Prof. Harvey presided
at the piano, and Mb skill us a musician
wus never better demonstrated. Toward the end of the evening, S, D. Macdonald, preaident of the Trades and
Labor council, who was given a hearty
reception, gavu a short address on the
value and benefits of organized labor.
These "get together" meetings are
becoming quite popular, and rumor has
it that one of the younger unions has a
big one coming up. Oo" to it, boys. It
helps the cause.
Mr. E. A. Clark Appointed On Staff of
Movie Operators' Union.
' Mr. E. A. Clark, a member of Local
348 (Vancouver) Moving Picture Operators ', hus been appointed to the position of International Organizer of the
union by President Chus. C. Shay.
The secretnry of Local 348 has been
advised of the death of Mrs. Oliver B.
Eustace, which took place at Fresno,
Cal., on January 18. Brother Eustace
is a member of the Vancouver local.
Reports of tho proceedings of the
23rd convention of the International
Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees
and Moving Picture Operators, held at
the Hotel Statler, Cleveland, Ohio, February 26-March 2, have juBt been received by the Vancouver local. The report notes many changes in the legislation governing the union. About 350
dolegates were present and the proceedings indicate that tho convention
was successful throughout. The officers
chosen for the ensuing year are Presidont, Chas. C. Shay; Vice Presidents—
1st, Wm. G. Rusk; 2nd, Wm. F. Cnna-
van; 3rd, Chns. Malloy; 4th, Biehard
Groen; 5th, Louise Krouse; Secretary-
Treasurer, Frank G. Lemaster; Assistant to President, M. C. Higgins.
Vancouver Deputation Ask That Saturday Half-holiday Rule in Summer.
A number of Vancouver retail merchants interviewed tho provincial authorities ou Wednesday concerning the
retail clerks' half -holiday act. They
requested that the legislation be amended to provide for tho half-holiday being
fixed for Saturday during tho summer
months, the closing hours on othor dnys
of tho weok boing (i o'clock. Tho deputation declared its requests were strongly supported by both tho Vancouver
merchnnts nnd clerks, a petition signed
by 'J00 of tho latter being submitted.
'' Fickle fashion rules the world—
that is from a woman's point of view—
but it is annoying to tho opposite sex.
One never knows when he's got them
for any length of time. Tho crinolino
of years ago was thought to be just the
thing, but it contracted to such an extent that the skirt became a hobble.
Likewise the bustle. It had its riso and
fall (like many politicians). Since then
tickle fashion has brought clothing much
nearer to nature than was ever dreamt
of by even Chidloy. Today wo have the
blojse cut deep down V shaped so as to
expose (tfensorl), and the skirt is pulled
up well nbove the fancy boot tops that
there only remains a small Bector (militnry torm) that is not Been. This in tho
year 1917. What's going to happen in
191S7   How tho bald heads smile."
Thousands of wage-workors, who aro
paid overy week and who Bpend their
money in Vancouver, own Tho Federationist, and it is to their intorests to
read its advertisements and to patronize its advertisers. Merchants who
want this trade should know how best
to roach them. *,#
(Written  by  Folix   Penne,  music  by
Thoo Hutton, sung by F. Pacey).
Come, givo the uxe—and the man who
cun use it,
A fig for the dude—with his white
lily hnnd,
Oh! Grand is u tree—and wo're sorry
to lose it,
But tho treo it muat go when we get
to the land.
Hurrah! for thc axe, and tho man who
can use it,
The nxo clears the way to tho land,
boys, tho land.
Tho axe clears tho way to tho land,
boys, the land.
And givo mo tho spade, and tho man
who can use it,
The spade is the thing that a man
takes in hand.
Hurrah I for tho man with the courage
to choose it,
Tho spado means hard work on tho
land boys, the land.
Tho apndo leads  the trade to tho
land, boys, the land.
Then let our soil go to the man who
will uso it,
Tho man who'll take axe or spade in
his hand.
Honest labor is good, and no man dare
abuse it,
Work wins its reward from tho land,
boys, tho land.
Givo your strength to your mother, the
land, hoys, the land.
Hurrah!  for Our  Mother, the land,
boys, the land.
Ask your dealer for
Union-made, Homemade, Overalls, Pants,
Unfortunate Ending of Life
of Yukon Telegraph
Demand of Operators for
Abolition of "One-
Man Cabins"
UNDEB THE heading "And Some
Fell By the Wayside," the Commercial Telegraphers' Journal for March,
publishes the story of the tragic' fate of
James Elphinstone, tho operator on the
government telegraph lino to the Yukon
whose case is now being mado the base
of a demand by the operators on the
line that the "one man cabins" along
the route be abolished.
The article reads as follows:
"One bright morning in the fall of
1914 a young fellow swung cheerily out
of the picturesque little frontier town
of Hazelton, British Columbia, and with
pack on back and dog at heel, turned
northward on what is locally known as
the Telegraph Trail.
"James Elphinstone, a young Scotchman, had joined the ranks of that amall
company of grim, silent and solitary
men, who, in season and out of season,
year after year, living their own solitary lives, rarely seeing a strange face,
and cut off from the outer world, keep
watch nnd ward on the Yukon Telegraph line—that singlo strand of wire
which, starting from Hazelton, follows
its lonely course for hundreds of miles
over mountain and through forest, until
it reaches its goal at Dawson in the far-
off Yukon territory.
"Elphinstone had beon assigned ns
lineman to the Third Cabin, a post some
eighty miles north of Hazelton, and it
being the season known as the 'Indian
summer,' with promise of a lengthy
spell of flne weather, he cheerfully plodded nlong halting for the night at the
various cabins or refuge huts on his
route. H waB as yet only a ' Chechaco,'
in other words, a 'new chum' in the
northern country, but, as he reflected,
everything muat have a beginning and
he knew that later on he would have
abundant opportunities of gaining experience.
Arrives at Post.
'' Arriving at his new station he
found his companion, the operator, was,
like himself, a young man and only recently appointed to the post; unfortunately, however, while at a former stn
tion he had fallen a victim to the
charms of an Indian maiden, ond so
badly was he smitten that 'upon the new
chum's arrival ho found him in the act
of inditing a lengthy and doubtless,
whnt he considered, a touching appeal
to the authorities to permit him to wed
his dusky Venus and then to bear her
off to an idyllic existence in the 'tall
timber,' while from the table in front
of him the face of tho lady beamed encouragement through the medium of a
battered tintype.
"What Elphinstono may have
thought of this romantic scheme we do
not know, but when, in duo timo his senior's modest request wus returned accompanied by a refusal, he must huve
experienced a feeling of relief, for oven
though all tho world is supposed to
'lovo a lover,' still tho prospect of a
bride and bridegroom and a lineman all
huddled together in a small ten by
twelvo cabin must have boen, to say tho
least of it, distinctly not encouraging.
Elphinstone Left Alone.
"To tho disappointed lover this, however, proved it to bo tho 'last fell blow,'
and promptly he wired his resignation
to headquarters with tho request that a
relief bo dispatched. A month, however,
passed and, this being the customary
period of notice, and no ono arriving to
replace him, ho accordingly rolled his
blanket and 'hit the trnil,' leaving tbo
lineman alone at the post.
"And now wo come to the tragical
part of our narrative; to leave a man
alone in a far-off post, even for a brief
period, is reprehensible, but, when one
furthor considers the facts thnt Elphinstono was inexperionced, that the season was thon December and that his
nearest fellow-creatures wero the mon
nt the neighboring cabins, some twenty
miles north nnd south respectively, no
condemnation can bo too severe nor cun
uny excuse poBBibly avail for such conduct. To mnke mutters evon worse, Elphinstone wus yet suffering from the
effects of a wound in his leg, accidentally intlictod a short time previously.
That it was evon contemplated leaving
him alone for tho entire winter may be
inferred from the fact thnt, on tho departure of tho regular operator ho wns
henceforth officially addressed aB 'Operator' Elphinstone, an instance which
tinder other circumstances might pro-
vnko a smile, in thut the unfortunate
fellow had barely a knowledge of the
Morse ulphabet.
Body Found on Trail.
"Events hastened, and from now little Booms to have been heard of the
poor lad, left alone in his grim struggle
with the fierce northern winter. A few
days before Christmas ho was seen at
Ins cabin by somo wandering Indians on
their way south to tho hospitable shelter of the villages, thereafter all traces
of him seem to have boon lost. After
considerable delay a search party was
ordored out from adjoining stations; it
was seen that ho hnd recently been ut a
refuge hut ten miles south of his post;
somo seven or eight miles farther on
the searchers discovered his nxo and—
fatal sign—his snowahons lying by the
trail; then, within a short half-mile of
home he was found lying peacefully beneath a tree—ho hnd struggled bravely
ou until exhausted Nature could do no
more, und then had lain down to die—
as those who know the northern winter
best believe, peacefully und without
"His body was subsequently brought
by toboggan to Hazelton and interred in
tho little cemetery on the hill whoro nl-
ready sleep moro thnn ono of thnt small
band, of whom it has been truly said,
'thoy live and work and die alone.'
But his fnto iB not forgotten, and it is
u good augury for tho future to be ablo
to say that the groat majority of tho
Yukon telegraph men nro now staunch
members Of local 53 and before long
hope to tako such Bteps that will render
impossible tho recurrence of a case simi
lar to that of poor Elphinstone."
Painters and House Decor-
ators!-A Great Varnish Sale
At Below Manufacturer's Prices
Take advantage of the saving prices—buy liberally. You
know how varnish prices are advancing, and this is a chance
for you to stock up at a price you'll be able to make money on.
We got it from an Eastern manufacturer who needed cash—a
carload of it—high-grade qualities, guaranteed to stand up as
well as goods sold under our own label—and suitable for floors
and linoleums. It will sell readily—for these prices are tempting, very:
Gallons, regular $5.00, for. .$2.50
Half gallons, regular $2.50, for. .11.26
Quarts, regular $1.25, for.    64c
M OhpBudson'sBajKfotnpanB. I*
—-,.   -~*m maaaptsma  iota     attmat a strmsaa, ttaatt muhimww* *^    ( \gF
Granville and Georgia Streets
.The kind of Suits the boys like to wear ue now on display.   Pinch
Backa, Norfolk), and all the new and up-to-date styles are. shown.
TeL gey. 702
309 to 315 Hastings Stnet Wert
If lt is not call up the
or drop a card to our offlce, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
§27~Seymour St.
Phone Seymour 153
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company. Limited
On tale at all Liquor Stores ln
The Public
The interurban lines of the B. C. Electric
run on their own tracks on private rights-
of-way, bought and maintained at great expense.
The jitney runs on pavements built and
maintained at the public expense, without
paying its fair share of the cost
This discrimination will sooner or later injuriously affect the service of the electric
railway on which the bulk of the people depend.
If you value that service and what it means
to the community, see that this company is
not discriminated against either in your
patronage or in the actions of your representatives.
Vancouver New Westminster PAGE SIX
Costume Waists Spceial-$U.50, $15, $18.50, $20 and $22.50
Coats Special—$7.50, $10.00, $12.50 and $15.00
Dress Skirts Special—$3.75, $5.50, $7.50 and $9.50
Dresses Special—$7.50, $9.00, $11.50, and $15.00
$1.76* VOILE WAISTS, 98c
Ten dozen only, Ladies' extra fine quality Voile "Waists; neatly
trimmed.   Begular .$1.75.   Special    98c
White Wear Snap—Twenty dozen Ladies' Cambric Gowns and
Skirts, neatly trimmed.   Reg. $1, $1.25.  Extra special.... 69c
$3.00 CORSETS, $1.50
Fifty pairs of Ladies' extra good quality Corsets, in odd lines
and sizes.   Keg. $2.00, $2.50 and $3.00.  To clear, pair   $1.50
25c HOSE, 15c
1000 pairs of Ladies' line quality Black Cotton Hose.   Regular
25c.  Special, per pair    18c
If you want bargains in Sheetings, Curtains, Curtaincttes,
Towels, Towellings, Table Linens and' Napkins, you will save
money by seeing our lines.
Extra Special Tuesday Evening,
BIG VAUDEVILLE SHOW    Polly Redfern and other saining lights.
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Broadway Theatre
Stylish Suits
—at a—
Reasonable Price
Stop a minute and look at the new body-
defining Coats which are shown in Semi-
ready Tailored Suits.
* *    *
In all the years of a wide experience, nothing has ever been seen with such superior
«    *    *
Our windows will give you a slight idea
of the values we offer in Serges and
Worsteds and in beautifully Woven Tweeds
at $25.00 and thereabouts.
* *    *'
Some less—some more—the price in the
pocket signifies the quality of the wool.
* «    *
SUITS AND OVERCOATS, $15 to $35  .
\ at*
9*mi-mih) Squaring
655 Granville Street
Dollars Spent for Non-union
Goods Are Labor
Will Stock Union Goods If
Union Men Make
FfilDAY April 13, ]
[By Bobert Hunter}
Today union men often spend $40 n
month to dOBtroy unionism where they
givo $1 a month to build up unionism.
The union men of this country ns a
body spend no less thnn $.1,500,000,000
a yenr to purchase the necessities of
Every dollar of that immense sum
thnt is spent for non-union goods is
spent to brenk down tho unions.
When n strike iB on, union men nil
over the country send their contributions to support tho strike.
They do all in their power to support
their brother unionists when they seem
to be in trouble, but the little strike
which you aid here or there by contributions is nothing compared with the
evil your millions of dollars do in supporting non-union products.
When a unionist sponds $40 a month
buying scab products, he is trying with
a great big hand to pull down the
unionism which hia poor little dollar of
dues to his union is trying to buildup.
When a union man gives a dollar a
month to support his union he is very
proud of himself as a good unionist. He
thinks himself a philanthropist. Perhaps he thinks thnt miserable dollar n
month will build up a powerful trade
anion movement. But it never cnn
while he continues to put ninny dollars
a month into ten-cent stores and the
purchasing of tho products of prison
nnd scab labor which is cutting the
very ground from under his union.
Suppose every man of the three million trado unionists in this country considered it a crime to t»uy prison products or scab labor products; suppose
the merchants knew that every penny
of tho billion and a half dollars spent
by these trnde unionists would be spent
only for union goods, whnt would you
Every store in this brond land patronized by workingmen would have n big
union Inbel over the door. Merchants
would themselves advertise the union
label, and manufacturers would produce
union products and hire union labor or
go bankrupt. If union men bought
right they would not have to strike so
That, brothers, is the power of unity
in the small matter of spending a
week's wago. The buying potfer of
labor, if oxercised in unity, would solve
many of the problems of labor,
Bnck of every union fighter, bnck of
ovory strike, bnck of every industrinl
battle, would be tho powor of threo
million men and the power of a billion
and a half of real dollars spent each
Every dollar spent by union labor
for union goods is money in your own
pocket.   Think of that!
Advocates System of State Control for
Medical Service.
Dr. J. W. Mcintosh, ono of the members from Vancouver in tho provincial
houso, gave nn interesting address before tho provincial convention of graduate nurses at Victoria during the week.
In his remarks, he advocated the policy
of state control in the fiold of medicino,
pointing out thnt the Lloyd George policy in the old country was now admitted to have been an excellent plan. He
wob opposed, however, to physicians
working for the state and also engaging
in private practice. With reference to
the special work of the n'arses, the
speaker strongly advocated an eight-
hour day as the Hmit which should bo
expected of them in their responsible
Ray's Market
Saturday and Monday
Legs of Veal, per lb 22c
Sirloin Rost, per II) 20c
Bound Steak, per tb 20c
Sirlion Top Roast, tb.... 22c
Rib Boiling Beef, 11) 10c
Sausage, per lb  10c
A full line of Butter, Eggs,
Fruits, Fish, Vegetables; not
connected with any . company.
We will fit you with a sloe,
guaranteed solid leather, either
for work or a dress shoe, from
34.60 up.
Boys' solid leather boots; every
pair guaranteed to give you satisfaction, from $1.90 up.
649 Bastings Btreet West
Let Us Show
You the Warmer
Weekly   Budget   Contains
Many "From the
Front" Items
AT prices ranging from
$1.50 to $5.00. Warner Corsets represent
better than usual value.
The models are correctly
designed from fabrics of
splendid quality, and
every pair is guaranteed
to give you good service.
If you want a moderately-priced corset we suggest that you call and inspect the Warner models.
We have them in many
good styles, in all sizes.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Business Agent Is Asked to
Aid in Framing Winnipeg Agreemnt
THE WEEKLY budget of nows from
tho street railwaymen is bnsod
chiefly on the existiug war conditions
which prevail. Along this lino it is
stnted that Messrs, A. H. Austin and
Archie Montgomery hnve returned to
platform work, lifter n year's absence,
spent under militnry training. Another
former conductor on the lines, D. Stein,
hns just returned from the front, crippled for life, his left leg having been
umputated ns tho result of shrapnel
wounds. News which causes anxiety
has also como concerning the fate of
Porcy Twort, whom the casualty lists
roport as "missing."
A letter from "Bob" White, ono of
the first of tho street railwaymen to enlist, and who left with the flrst contingent, was received during tho week.
"Bob" is at presont in Egypt, having
gone through the terrible Gnllipoli campaign unharmed. Ho writes that he is
well and contented, and has seen lots of
tho world sinco ho left Vnncouver. In
his wanderings through tho ranks he
has met W. Jones and E. Graham, and
hnd long chats with thom over affairs
in distant Vnncouvor. '' Bob'' asks the
boys to writo him and his address may
be secured from Business Agont Hoover
by ony who desire to comply with his
On Monday night the billiard toom of
the motormen and conductors ran up
against thoir old rivals, the B. C. Electric Social club, in thc Commercial
league tournament. Tho men's team*
wns successful, winning eight out of the
ten gnmcfl, nnd coming out 138 points
aheud on tho aggregate.
Business Agent Hoover received n request during tho weok to go to Winnipeg to nssist tho street railwaymen in
thut city in their efforts to securo better
wnges end working conditions in connection with u new agreement, the present agreement expiring May 1. He
was obliged to revise the request owing
to the condition of his wife, who is just
recovering from a severo attack of
(Continued from page 1)
quninted with its nature, have been on
the point of arresting longshoremen for
currying concealed weapons.
The hook is nn instrument owned and
used by longshoremen for tho purpose
of producing wealth in wnrehouso or
ship's hold, but we, who produco but do
not own, aro taught that its ownership
is emblematical of the time when workers will own al] the tools of production,
and thoso who do not work will not ent.
Longshoremen's Emblem.
The I. L. A. button with thc blue
ground nnd red flog inscribed with the
whito letters, I. L. A. is the official
badge of tho International Longshoremen's association, which includes tho
greater portion of tho organized waterfront workers of the North American
continent and of tho Hawaiian Islands.
Proletarians are usually not well-
versed in hernldry, but the emblem of
the Knights of tho Hook mny be described as field azuro, charged per fess
with flag sanguine, and surchnrged with
White letter I. L, A. Although Hot so
ancient as the Knights Templars or as
honornblo as tho Knights of the Garter,
the Knights of tho Hook aro more reliable than editors -of tho Yollow Press,
more respectable than the Order of Reel
Estate Agents, moro honest than the
members of the Bar association, and
moro useful than the exclusive fraternity of tho idlo rich.
The blue Held of the badge represents
the sordidncss of tho slow and pninful
procoss of social evolution by which
mankind has progressed and developed
from savagery through barbarism to
what we call civilization, but whnt is
really the upper stntus of bnrbarism.
Tho red (lug typiflos tho blood of tho
martyrs of all the agos—moro particularly those of the working class—whilo
thc white letters, I. L. A., stnnd, of
course, for International Longshoremen's association. Thoy nre emblemut*
ical of tho hope and poace. They denote that workers at present divided by
racial and religious prejudices and
opinions, will becomo international in
fact and in name; that in tho glorious
future civilization will evolve into a
reality; armies of tho unemployed nnd
all other armies be demobilized; peaoo
and plenty abound for all and the tiro-
loss machino the sorvitor of tho wholo
human race.
Mr. A. S. Wells Will Act On Committee
On Constitution Revision.
In his capacity as nn official of the
Amalgamated Carpenters', Mr. A. S,
Wells, secretary of the B. C. Federation
ef Labor, left the coast for^No^York
on Wednesday and will be absent for a
month or so.
Tho work which calls Mr. Wolls to
Now York is tho mooting of the Amalgamated Carpenters' committee which
deals with the triennial revision of
the constitution of the body. The
procedure followed by this union is to
have suggestions coming in from locals
over n period of throe yenrs, ns well
ns decisions mnde from time to time,
considered trienninlly nnd referred to
a referendum vote. After this is taken
the questions are again taken up in the
light of the referendum decision and
thc subjects then covered in a Revision
nf the constitution.
Advice of Labor Paper to Winnipeg
Street Railway.
The street rnilwaymen of Winnipeg
aro now presenting demands to their
employers covering nn increase in
wages and bettor working conditions,
which will bo tho basis of negotiations
for n new* agreement. It ia said the
company will oppose tho higher wage
on tho ground that tho jitnoys huve
lessened its earnings. To which tho
Winnipeg Voico replies that if the company cannot pay a living wago nnd stay
in business, it should throw up its
hands and got out of the field, thus
opening tho wny for city transportation
to be operated as a public utility.
Ask your dealer for
Union-wade, Homemade, Overalls, Pants,
Patronize Federationist advertisers—
and tell them why.
At the
J. N. Harvey
Clothing Stores
You Can Buy for
$20 or $25
Just as good Spring
Suits for Men as you
ever bought at the price
A great variety of colorings and patterns in
fine Tweeds and Worsteds, also fast blues and
Several snappy styles
for young men, as well
as the more conservative styles for the men
of quieter tastes.
We invite your inspection.
Two Reliable Stores for
Men in B. C.
J. N.Harvey Ltd.
127-127 Hastings St. W.
614-616 Yates Street,
This store sells Men's and Boys'
SHOES—and Men's and Boys'
Shoes only.  By this specializing in ____
these lines, we are enabled to cany larger assortments, give
better service and sell at lower prices than we otherwise could.
are known from end to end of this province, for their consistent good quality, the FAIR prioes they are sold at ahd the
courteous treatment accorded every customer at this store, be
his purchase large or small. ■
Paint Up
and Clean Up
Nom we mill all be as busy as hum-
ming birds with our painting changing and fixing.
642 Oranvllle Street
Sad Accident Occurs at Ooal Creek
Mine During Past Week.
Tho toll which death oxnets from
workers whilo in tho discharge of a
duty which forms part of tho goneral
Held of industrinl activity, wns illustrated last week, whon 3(1 miners were
either instantly killed or trapped by an
explosion in No. 3 mine in the Crows
Nost Pubs Co. at Coal Creek.
Night and day during the week rescue parties havo been working to reach
the inner workings of the mine. Tho
bodies of four men woro found on Friday but, so extensive nnd destruetivo
wus the explosion, that even aftor a
week's incessant work by tho relief
parties only 12 bodios have been recovered. As tho inner workings of the
mine have been reached, however, it is
anticipated that a complete search will
bo possible before the week closes.
Sad as was tho nccidont nnd grout as
were tho numbor of victims, tho fact
that the disaster occurred just at the
change of shifts alone prevented tbo
toll of denth being even greater, the ox-
plosion being of such a chnrarfter as
niftdo it impossible for a man in tho
working to oscnpe. It is thought thnt
the mine has been ruined for operation.
The provincial authorities have directed a close investigation as to tho
cause of the accident, and mine expe'tts
from the coast have been sent to Fornie
for this purposo.
Patronize Federationist advertisers—
and tell thom why.
Hotel Canada
618 Richards Street
(Near Labor Templt)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
Ask your dealer for
Union-made, Homemade, Overalls, Pants,
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, lb... 25c
Slater's Streakey Bacon, Ib. 26c
Slater'B value Tea, lb 26c
Slater's value Coffee, lb 26c
We deliver to all parts.
131 Bastings St, East   Sey. 3262
830 Oranvllle St.      Sey. 866
3211 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
lis rreon <oobc
Noon or
you will find it a pleasure to take your meals
at the Orpheum Cafe.
A particular place for
particular people.
Orpheum Cafe
Opposite the Orpheum Theatre
476 Oranvllle Street (downstairs)
Go into your shoe dealer's
andl ask to see LEOKIE'S
business or professional man.
Staunch, wear-resisting,
yet real stylish models made
to stand British Columbia
weather conditions, without
sacrificing appearance.
that's a LECKIE


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