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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 6, 1917

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TH YEAR,  No. 14
Conscription And Imperial
Federation To Be Brought
Government Seeks To Evade
Discussing Subjects During Campaign
[By W. Francis Ahernl
SYDNEY, N.S.W., March 1: (Special
Correspondence to' the Federationist).—In Australia, owing to the split
in the Labor pnrty, it seems that the
coming election in May will do more
to clear the I political atmosphere than
anything else. In the ordinary, run of
events, there would be the Senate election in June, with the election of the
lower houso in October. The federal
government has been usked to take the,
two elections together, bo as to save
the country an expenso of $600,000.
But the government doos not feel disposed to take the two elections together, for reasons that will be gathered hereunder.
Following the split of the Australian
Labor party after the conscription issue, it was thought that Prime Minis-
ter HjgheB, 'after seeing the defeat of
|| his conscription measure, would have
resigned office and made way for the
strongest party in the house to rule.
But this was not so. He plotted and
connived with tho Conservatives to
keep him in office and suited his policy
to meet their requirements. It is needless to say that many of the radical
measures, affecting big intorests, have
been dropped in order to get tho support of the Conservatives. Some time
ago HugheB tried to pull off a National
Cabinet of all tho parties—Labor included. To this Labor eould not consent, ou the ground that the Labor constitution does not allow of any fusion
of parties. Nor wus it desired that
they should amalgamate with tho party
that Labor hud cast out of its fold.
The Labor party says, and rightly too,
that they wore looted at the laat elections to carry out their programme, find
that the desire on the part of the
electors wns re-affirmed on tho con*
scription referendum, when the people
voted "no-conscription," They say
that, having been defeated on such a
vital issue, Hughes hus no right to continue as Premier,
Labor Still in the Saddle.
When Hughes failed to get tho support of the Lubur party to a fusion
governmont—and had that been done,
he intended to prolong tbe life of parliament to keop him from facing the
electors—ho turned round and entered
into a fusion with tho Conservatives.
This gives him, of course, an overwhelming majority in the lower house.
Bat in the Senate, the official Labor
pnrty haB u majority over both parties,
and is able to block all legislation
Bent up for revision.
The position now is that the Senate
has forced an election of their chamber, which Hughes was' trying so hard
to prevent. In tho coming election,
eighteen Senators have to face tho
people. Should the Hughes-Conservative group win tho elections,, it is almost certain that thoy will prolong the
life of the lower house, which expires
by time permit next October, and will
,-V.Jien try and force conscription by regulation or act of parliament. That is
what confronts Lubor in the coming
But it is hard to see how Hughes
hopes, by any shred (of imuginntion, to
win the coming Semite election. Out
of the eighteen senators who retire iu
May, sixteen aro conscriptionists and
two nro anti-conscriptionists. To get a
majority, the Hughes-Co nBervativo
group have to wiu eighteen seats. But
it is hnrd to see how this can bo done,
view of the overwhelming vote
against conscription. Rather, it would
seem that they are threatened with a
debaclo at tho polls. If Labor can
beat them in this Senate campaign, we
will be ablo to force the election of
the lower house iu October next, by
denying them supplies to carry on the
HugheB Deserts His Supporters.
Meanwhile, Having formed a coalition with the Conservatives, Hughes
is not going to remain ln Austrnlin to
face the music. He is to leavo for
England, und will have left ere this
is in print. He goes as Australia's representative to the Imperial conference called in Loudon for tho express
purpose of furthering Imperial federation of tho Australian dominions. There
Ib considerable opposition to his going
to England, but he Ib in do desperate
a hurry to get out of the country (and
it is rumored that he will not return to
Australia) that he will not listen to any
argument against his going. The main
thing, it seems, that concerns him is
getting away from Australia bofore tho
election campaign comes on. . By what
authority he presumes he is going to
represent Australia is not known, nor
- has it ever been shewn. Ho is an anti-
Australian and this has been proven
i by the- fact that he wished conscription in Australia, 'against the express
wishos of the people.   He has not   a
, majority of parliament behind him, nor
has ho a majority of tho people behind
him, and he is utterly discredited in his
own constituency—so much so that they
have threatened to "tar nnd feather"
him if he showed his face in it again.
Nor cnn he get a selection for another
seat in Australia, and blandly proposes
to "jump" tho sont for a man who
. is away/ fighting'the battles of Empire
at the war. Which is poor respect to
the chap who wont away, with the express promise of Hughes that his parliamentary seat would not be endangered whilo he was absent fighting in the
trenchos. r
Imperial Federation An Issue,
■> Another matter that will play a big
part in tho coming elections is the Imperial federation question.    Australia
is anti-imperialistic to a man. Only
the jingoes want, it—the class of people
who hope to see Australia governed
from London and to see their own local
parliaments nullified. Labor contends
that, the dominion having been granted
responsible government, it shall not be
taken away. It will be as big a menace
as conscription, for if we surrender our
dearly-bought political rights to the
government of men sitting in London,
they would be able to conscript in both
a military and economic sense without
our being able to lift a finger. Thus, in
the coming election, tho two great issues will be anti-conscription and anti-
imperialism, and though the Hughes-
Conservative party is trying to sink
this issue, the Labor party intends to
make it a great issuo. With this
before the people, and tbe ginger of
the past conscription fight put into
them, it is extremely hard to see how
the government, whieh stands for both
policies, is going to come through with
a following of any kind.
Labor iB exceedingly optimistic over
the coming fight. It thinks it can win
easily. And if it wins it will be able
to say to the lower house—that is now
even sitting in defiance, to the wishes
of the electors—'' Go to1 the country,.*''
and, if they refuse, it will be able to
force them to the people. It' is the last
think tho conseriptionists want to do—
this facing the people. It Ib causing
them to lose much sleep at present, and
if all augers well at the next election,
it will be possible to say that Labor
has beaten all opposition and driven
the anti-conscription victory completely home, and saved Australia, meanwhile, having set the true Labor party
bnck in parliament as the true Australian party.
In Peace or ln War the Ood of Proflt
Exacts Its Victims.
During February, according to the industrial accident record of the federal
department of labor, 48 work people
were killed and 344 injured In the
course of their respective occupational
employments. The figures for January
were 03 killed and 371 injured, while
the record for February, 1916, Was 66
killed and 200 injured.
Only  Chance  for Day Labor  Policy
Bests ou Oity Engineer.
The Vancouvor aldormon decided on
Tuesday to call for tenders for the
building of the Beach avonue sewer,
thus threatening to do away with the
policy of day labor on this work, which
represents a total expenditure of
$30,000, most of which is for labor.
There is still a slight chance for day
labor, howover, as tho city engineer will
enter a bid against other tenderers and,
if his price cun meet the other figures,
the day labor principle will still prevail.
Was Promise Made Because
of Fear of Municipal Plant?
Outline of Arguments Made
Before the Legislative
Effort of Carpenters to Aid Widow of
Deceased Member Successful.
The drawing for tho tools of F. Oven-
den, which has been arranged by the
Amalgamated Carpenters, for the benefit of the family of their decoased member, has been postponed from April 3
to April 17, owing to a numbor of stubs
still being out. The results of the
drawing have been very successful, and
Mrs. Ovenden will receive over $75 as
the result of the effort. There are still
a few tickets in the hands of the local's
business agent, which he will be glad to
dispose of, and thus make the drawing
an even greater financial success.
Semi-official Utterances of Ottawa Press
Confirm Statements of Labor.
Enquiries are constantly boing made
at the Labor Temple as to whether
thore is any peuulty provision for non-
signature of the registration cards of
the National Service commission. The
semi-official utterances of the Ottawa
press during tho week, stating that "it
is extremely unlikely that compulsion
will havo to be resorted to with regard
to thu filling in of the national service
cards," bears out previoua statements
appearing in The Federationist and
public utterancos by Labor officials in
this regard. Those were to the effect
that the fllling out of the cards was
entirely voluntary, there being in tho
regulations under which tho cards were
issued, no provision for penalties for
nun-signuturo, despite tho evident desire of the commission to givo tho impression that the fllling in of tho cards
was compulsory.
The extended time limit for sending
in registration cards expired March 31,
It iB reportod that it will be several
weeks before a report as to tho resultB
of the second movement to obtain a res*
ponse can be made.
The Federationist desires to
keep trades unionists nnd wage-
workers in every part of the provinco fully informed ns to "what
tho other fellows" in B. C. nre
Labor organizations can assist
in making the publication a provincial clearing house for Labor
news by sending in reports of
meetings of their bodies, news
concerning discussions, actions
and general news of tho Labor
situation in their district, etc.
What you do at your local meetings is considered important by
you. Tell ithe "other fellow"
about it through the columns of
Tho Federationist.
Letters covering information as
above noted need not necessarily
be in finished form. Send us tho
facts and the office will put it in
form for publication.
All reports should be sent bo as
to roach the office of The Federationist by Wednesday in order to
provide for publication in the issue of that week. Send in the
will be hailed with satisfaction by resi4ents of Vancouver, Victoria and the entire lower
mainland was made by General
Manager Kidd of the B. G. Electric Railway Co. at Victoria last
Tuesday, when he stated that it
was the intention of the company
to reduce its rates for lighting
after Sept. 30 next At the same
time, it was stated, the company
would establish a new rule (similar, to that governing the business
of many lighting companies) of
making a minimum monthly
charge for lighting customers. No
mention was made as to the reduction which would be made or the minimum monthly charge which would be
The announcement of Mr. Kidd was
made in the course of tho company's
presentation of its case'in opposition to
the request of the Vancouver authorities for the elimination of a clause from
the city charter which prevents the establishment of a municipnl i lighting
plant, plans for whieh were recently
outlined in The Federationist in an interview with Aid. Gale. Mr. Kidd also
touched upon the question of light and
power rates in general, stating that his
company would welcome the appointment of a public, service commission,
which would investigate the company's
business and, if necessary, adjust the
Was Concession Forced?
The advocates of the plan of Vancou-1
ver establishing a municipal light uud
power pluut cluiin that the. statement
of General Manager Kidd was niudo
only because of tho threatened popularity of tho movement for the municipal plant, bused on the widespread complaint as to the unfairness of the existing" rates charged by the' company.
The statement us well as another recently made concerning a readjustment of
power rates which would benefit a few
industrial plunts, is said to have beon
made with the idea of drawing public
attention from the proposal to establish
a city light uud power plant, und thus
enable the company to come out of the
legislative contest with all the powers
of practical monopoly, which it now enjoys in Vaneoaver. .
In .the course of the hearing, there
was some discussion us to whether the
B. C. Electric hud not promised the
Vancouvor aldermen a reduction in the
lighting rates if it would pass effective
regulations with roferenco to jitney
traffic. Mr. Kidd said that such a promise hud boon made, but Dr. Mcintosh,
a member of the legislative committee,
but also a Vancouver uldermau last
year, and Aid. Gale replied that all that
had beon said was that if the council
would pass effective jituoy regulations
the company would see what could be
done as regards lowering the lighting
I' Owing to The FederationiBt'a
regular day of publication this
week falling on a holiday, the
paper Ib issued one day earlier
than usual. Because of this, a
full report of the meeting of Van-
' couver Trades end Labor council,
as well as a. number of articles of
general interest to Federationist
readers, which have been omitted,
owing AoK going to press before
the usual time, will appear in the
next issue.      '
(In Vaneoaver \
City 12.00 )
$1.60 PER YEAR
Arrangements Made for Men to State
Case at Special Meeting.
At the meeting of the civic Are and
police committee Wednesday afternoon,
a deputation of the city firemen were
present to outline their case for tbe establishment of a [two-platoon system.
Owing to the absence of Mayor McBeath and Aid. Gale and Kirk, it was
decided to lay tho mutter ovor, but it
was promised that arrangements would
be made, for a special meeting of the
entire council, held before the estimates
were considered, at which opportunity
would be given for a full discussion of
the subject.
Carefully Prepared Statistics Will Be
Presented at Lalbor Hall Meeting.
Under tho auspices of the B. C. Con-
Burners' league, a public meeting will
be hold in the Labor Temple next Wednesday evening to discuss the high cost
of living. The discussion will be opened by the presentation of facts on the
screen, covering the prico of household
commodities in sixty cities of the continent from 1910 to 1816. Another striking illustration will be given by the presentation of facts as to the weekly expenses for families of Ave in Vanoouver,
Victoria and Seattle' at the beginning of
this year. The Vancouver aldermen
have been invited tn attend tho meeting
and have intimated ihut they will be on
Suggestions Have Aroused
Great Interest About
Labor Temple
To View Question from All
Sides, Brief Statements
;        Are Requested
Keen Interest Taken in Political Plans
of Central Labor Body.
Tho meoting of Local 264, Amalgamated Carpenters on Tuesday evening,
was well attended and very enthusiastic, the discussions being so intorosting
thut the meeting did not adjourn until
towards midnight. Eight new members
joined the loc il, am) the reports us to
the advance of organization work were
very promising. The local reports thut
practically all of its men are working.
Tho circular from tho Trades and
Labor council with reference to the
Labor forces of Vancouver entering a
candidate at the coming bye-elections,
wus taken up. All present were heartily in favor of tho policy of Labor entering the politicnl field, and a ballot
wns taken for the two nominees, tho results of which will-, be announced on
April 19, when'the returns are made at
the meeting of the central labor body.
Over Thousand Miners Now Taking a
'Holiday" and Others Restive.
Company Now Has Monopoly.
Another point on which keen discus
sion arose, wus as to the relations of
the B. C. Electric and the Western Can-
uda Power Co. Tho city's representative claimed that the agreement between the companies whereby the B. C,
Electric purchases current from the
Western Canada Power Co. was mado
simply to give tho B. C. Electric a
monopoly of tho Hold in Vancouver. Mr,
Kidd admitted that the agreement provided for a certain area within which
tho Western Canada Power Co. was not
to compete fur business, but said thut
this did aot include the entire city of
The city's side of tbe case was argued
by its legal adviser, Mr. Geo, McCros-
snn, Mayor McBeath, Aid. Gale and
Jns. It. MeVety, speaking for organized
labor. Mr, MeOrossnn pointed out that
tho cluumi which it was now sought to
eliminate from tho charter, hud boon inserted in I8U.1 by Hon. Theodore Davie
against the express wish of tho city,
tho olty council having passed a strong
resolution of protest on the matter,
Mnyor McBeath declared that it was
unfair to practically prohibit tho city
from becoming a competitor of tho.B,
C. Electric for tho light nnd power business, while nny syndicate which might
be formed had the right to enter the
field. Aid. Gale bused his remarks on
the exorbitant rates which he declared
Vancouvor residents, wero forced to pay
for light and powor, figures being givon
us to the rates at whieh tho city could
do business with a municipal plant. Mr.
McVety Bpoko with referonce to tho
complaint of the public aa to the heavy
lighting charges they wore now compelled to pay, and the practical monopoly
the B. C. Electric enjoyed becauso of its
agreement with tho Westorn Canada
Powor Co.
Oompany Claims Vested Bights,
For tho company, General Manager
Kidd and the legal ndvlsors of tho company presonted the case. Tho chief
point emphasized was that tho provisions of the charter covered conditions
on tho basis of which tho company had
undertaken certain works, for which a
largo amount of mnnev had beon borrowed. If tho legislation was altered,
tho security of tho company's investment would be lessened, which would bo
unfnir.to tho investors.
The hearing took place before tho
privato billB committeo of tho legislature, tho members of which took nn nc-
ive pnrt in tho discussion, showing thnt
they wore well acquainted with the condition of affairs, and also that they
PresB despatches from Calgary indicate that there is grave dungor of industrial disturbances of un acute character throughout District 18. Tho representatives of the miners and tho
operators of the coul mines in the district hnve boon in conference at Calgary for several weeks, but no settlement has yet been reached ns to the
terms of n'new working agreement.
Tho old agreement expired on March
It I and, because of the opposition of the
operators to mooting tho demands of tho
mon, many of tho miners promptly
"took a holiday." Over 400 men are
now reported to be out. at tho Drum-
holler cump, and throughout tho entire
district ovor 1300 miners are not working. In the camps where the men arc
still working under a "holdover" understanding, thero is a spirit of restive-
ness over the prolonged conference at
Calgary without any definite information ns to tho operators considering the
men's demands. It is stated that it
would take but little pressure to lend
all tho minors in the district to lay
down their tools.
wero keenly Impressed with tho Import
unco of the subject. During tho hearing a message was received from a committee of tho Vancouver board of trade,
asking that a decision on tho matter be
deferred until tho board had acted on
certain recommendations which would
bo presented. It is understood that this
request will be granted.
SUNDAY, April 8—Musicians;
Stage Employees; Steam Engineers; Pile Drivors and Wooden Bridgo Builders.
MONDAY, April 9—Amal. Engineers; Pattern Makers; Electri-,
cal Workera; U. B. Carpenters
No. 617; Bro. Loco. Engineers;
Streot Railwayman's Exec.
TUESDAY, April 10—Stone Cutters; Pressmen; Barbers; Letter
WEDNESDAY, April 11—Stroot
Railwaymen; Stereotypers.
THURSDAY, April 12—Machinists; Shoot Motal Workors;
Milk Wagon Drivers; Shipwrights and Caulkers.
FRIDAY, April 13—
SATURDAY, April 14—
THB ARTICLE dealing with
the question of the employ-
ment of a business agent by
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
councU in The Federationist last
week, appears to have made considerable "stir" around the halls
of the Labor Temple, and1 to have
submitted a subject which gives
local Labor * ■ sharps'' a good
chance for argument. It must be
deemed a fairly important question which will lead to Vancouver
unionists nowadays drifting, even
for a moment, from the question
of political action, which is now
being so keenly discussed in view
of the referendum of the B. C.
Federation of Labor and the proposal
of the central labor body to enter the
political fiold. But the "business
agent suggestion" did tjie trick, and
has this week proved a close competitor to the political question in attracting attention.
The Federationist has probably como
in for more "boosting" and "knocking," becauso of the publication of the
article than has been the case concerning uny article appearing in its columns.
"The best proposition ever submitted
to Vnncouver unionists," Bays one man.
"Absolutely out of place to suggest
such a thing- at this time," says an-,
other. And so on, running all up and
down the lino from ascribing to the
writer of the article the wisdom of a
Labor Solomon to declaring that the
suggestion apparently had its birth
after a trip to the provincial institution located at Colony farm.
Workers Are Thinking.
From all these comments it is evident
that the article has set Vancouver trade
unionists to thinking, and this means
that there is something in the suggestion thatf struck home nt a condition in
ihe affairs of organised labor * here
which, at least, merits consideration.
In last week's article, The Fedora*
tionst outlined as fully ns spaco permitted tho facts of the enso. Thnt theso
exist, hone cnn deny. Whether on the
one hand, it is the proper time to*tnke
action on the subjoet, and whether the
field outlined is already sufficiently coy-
ored by tho business agents of the vnri-
ous locals or, on the other hand, whether
the work of n man whose sole duty it
would be to foster the spirit of organization nmong workers, which is now in
the air, and assist tho now locals to get
a good start in thc field of organized
labor would not mean the creation of a
fresh impetus for the advance of the
principles for which Lnbor stnndB—
those are questions for consideration.
Expression of Views Invited.
In submitting tho mntter, ns wus done
last week, The Federationist has no
wish to soy tho Inst word on tlio subject. The matter will probably be
brought to tho attention of the central
labor body in the near future, und it is
probably just ns well that the question
was taken up in theso columns, thus
leading to general discussion.
As far as Tho Foderntionist is concerned, thore is no intention of tbe subjoet being presonted in a prejudiced or
biassed manner, and in view of the keen
discussion und the vnricd opinions
nrousod, it (would invite its renders to
submit their viows on tho question, both
pro and con. It is requested that these
bo confined to statements of about 250
words, and give points for nnd ngninst
rather than argue tho case. Such letters will, as fur ns spaco permit a, be
published, and thus givo an indication
as to the general nttitudo of tho forces
of organized labor in Vnncouver on this
very important quostion.
Women Are An Easy Mark for Exploitation of Interests of Capitalists.
That, while capitalists nro constantly
exploiting labor for their own advantage, they find an especially easy fiold
in this line in tho female workor, wns
the argument put forward by Mrs. Mc-
Conkey at a public meeting lust Sundny, in discussing tho question, "Women nnd Lnbor.'" Tho roason for this
condition of nffairs the spenker declared to bo thnt female workers wero
not organized nnd, therefore, enpitnl
was able to trcnt them us inexperienced
and give lower wages. The principle on
which female workors should stand waB
that of boing given the samo wnges as
wns puid men when equal work wns
done. Low wages for the female worker, declared the spenker, meant tho
waste of girl life, women life and child
lifo. One of the factors said to play
a part in tho low wnges pnid womon
was that of tho competition of female
workers who wero partially supported
by others and wore therefore willing
to work for less thnn their just due,
n fact thnt hnd far-reaching influences
on tho wage scalo of women in goneral.
Consumers' League Believe There Will
Be No Need For Oriental Labor.
Tho B, C. Consumers' League is now
buBily engaged in formulating a systematic enmpnign for enlisting the services of women and young peoplo for
picking tho fruit and berry crop of
the province, and Mrs. .1. C Kemp
Btfltca that tho plans now outlined nre
such as make it improbable thnt the
fruit growers can, in justice, make any
claim as to the need for Oriental labor
for this work.
Registration for women workers in
this fiold is already being carried on
at the Y. W. C. A., with excellent results. Another plan which is being
taken up is the enlistment of the services of Vancouver school children of
both sexes, 15 years being fixed as the
minimum age. Parents will be
asked to allow their children to join
for this work under the direction of
male and female teachers who are interested in the plan. It Ib thought
that fully 1500 workers can be obtained in thiB way. Mr. Kemp states that
the ranchers are showing interest in
the movement and have evidenced this
fact by their promise, of making suit-
abue provision for tbe workers.
Satisfactory Arrangements Are Blade
witb Western Power Oo.
Loear~2i$ "Electrical Workers! has
just signed an agreement covering
workers within its field employed by
the Western Power Co. of Canada, the
new name of the reorganized Western
Canada Power Co. The old agreement
expired some time ago, and the men
have been working under "holdover"
arrangements ponding the reorganisation of the company. The new agree
ment dates from October 1 last, and
runB for a "year and thereafter."
Nearly Two Thousand Men Have Already Registered for Work.
That the call to the coast for men to
assist in work on the farms of the
northwest is being responded to was
shown by a report of Belief Officer Ireland to a Vancouver civic committee on
Monday. This Btated that 1010 men
had already registered for this work,
and applications were still coming in.
In reply to a query as to the number
of Vancouver residents wbo had volunteered to go, it was reported that 422
meu out- of the 1015 registering from
the provinoe on March 28 wero from
Olty Engineer's Report Calls for Increase Over Last Year.
At the meeting of the board of works
on Tuesday, City Engineer Fellowes
presented his estimates for the year.
One item of the report noted an increase of $20,000 over last year's figures
in the appropriations for salaries and
wages. The report was aot discussed,
but merely laid over for consideration
when the city council takes up the estimates, so thero was no explanation by
the engineer as to whether he had baaed
his estimates on the increase of the
wages for the ordinary city labor to (3
per day, as has been requested by the
men on account of which an appeal has
been mado to Ottawa tax an. arbitration
Although the estimates show an increase of 420,000 for the wage item, the
total nmount asked for the department
is $0000 less than last year's total, this
being duo to plans for the curtailment
of work.
Meeting Called to Discuss Patriotic
Fund Turned Into Other Uses.
A public meeting, held in tho Hotel
Vancouvor on Monday evening and originally announced as culled for tho discussion of matters in connection with
tho patriotic fund, turned out to be a
gathering for furthering the propaganda of conscription. Tho brnnd of conscription advocated was that of manpower only, references to tho just demands of Labor that the question of
couscription of capital and its avenues
of distribution be'considered hand-in-
hand apparently being deemed as out
of place. Incidentally, there was a
rather strong political flavor attached
to somo of the addresses. The principal
nddrosB was delivered by Sir Charles
Hibbort Tupper. Mr, Chas. Macdonald
received hearty applause whon, in the
course of hia address, ho stated that
on thc question of pensions, mutters
should bc so adjusted that the man
from tho ranks received the same recognition as officers.
C. P. R. Commercial Operators Will Hake Deter-
. mined Stand
Effort To §ettle Dispute
Over Discharge Of Union
INFORMATION from Winnipeg statea
* that in the near future there will
be a strike vote of all' the commercial
telegraph operators on^the C. P. B., tha \
field extending from the Atlantic to tha
Pacific, in order to bring to a pointed
issue the actions of the Winnipeg officials of the company in connection with
the ease of Mr. Lynch, formerly a .
C. P. R. operator in that city.
Mr. Lynch is a prominent member bf
the Commercial Telegraphers'* union,
being an official of the Winnipeg local
aud a member of the men's committee
for the past five years. He ia an ardent
Socialist aad has always , been outspoken in favor of the propaganda of
When the National Service Commis-.
sion issued its registration cards some
time ago, there was a question among
the Winnipeg telegraphors as to the
position of Americans, there being a
number on the staff. Mr. Lynch, who is
an American, interviewed the American consul ond wits advised that he return his oard with tbe endorsement
that he was a citizen of the States.
Mr. Lynch informed the Americans on
the staff of this advice and, while he
wbb doing so, became engaged in an
altercation with an employee who waa
supposed to be in touch with the officials of the company and who carried
the news to them.
Death of Street Railwayman,
From the Street Railwaymen's union
this week c6mes thc and newa of tho
death of William B. Munn/who has
been a motorman since 1004. Mr. Munn
linn been confined to St. Pn'ul's hospital
for some time, his death occurring on
Sunday. He was n widower, his wifo
hnving died Home years, ngo, but is survived by one son. llis mother is still
a resident of Vancouvor, and threo
brothers nro located on this const. Tho
funeral wus held oa Tuesday under tho
auspices of 1'ionocr Division of the
street railwaymen.
Tho fact that Tho Federationist Is filling itB mission as a Labor
publication, and Ib generally accepted as a great force in the
world of Labor la evidenced by
lottors received by tho offico this
A prominent Ontario student
and public speaker on economic
subjects writes:
"I havo long been going to
writo you to tell you how much I
onjoy The Federationist, which is
tho best Labor paper I see."
Anothor correspondent writes:
"Tho Federationist is the best
Labor pnpor I have aeon, printed
in America.''
Such sontimonts as tho above
should causo renders to realize
that thoy aro doing n real servico
for tho cause of Labor by advising their follow workers to bo-
come regular subscribers to The
Fcdorntionist.   Do your bit.
Mr. Lynch Is Discharged.
Two weeks later, while Mr. Lynch
was discussing a grievance with the officials, he was told .that ho was discharged. On asking the reason he was informed that it was on account of certain disparaging remarks he had made
concerning an official when discussing
the registration question.
The man with whom Mr. Lynch was,
conversing stated that no remarks of
the character reported had been uttered but tlie company brought forward
three men who declared that the words
were spoken. As the men's committee
ecrald- obtain no satisfaction, a board''
of conciliation was requested, whieh
held an inquiry. The result was a
draw, the men's representative favoring Lynch's reinstatement, the company's man declaring thnt the discharge
was justified and the third arbitrator
saying that, ao contradictory was tbe
testimony he did not know whom to
Following this unsatisfactory effort
to settle tho case, the men have made
efforts to adjust matters, all of which
havo failed and Mr. Lynch is still out
of tho .service. After n thorough discussion, it was decided to take a determined stand on thc mutter, with tbe
result of tho ordering of tho strike
vote, which will soon be taken.
Chas. Reld WlU Sit to Hear Claims of
Civic Employees.
It is understood that the''civic authorities have selected Chns. Heid us its
representative on tho board of inquiry
which tho Civic Employees' union nave
requested on the question of a wage of
$.'i per day for oity laborers.
Business Agent Midgley states that
as yot he has received no advices from
Ottawa as to tho appointment of the
board being authorized, but through unofficial sources, he hns learned thut attention is being given tho mntter.
Aldermen Have Decided Tbat Higher
Living Makes Advance Necessary
Tho civic authorities of Winnipeg
have informally decided thnt when tho
1017 estimates nro passed, they shall
include on ndvance in tho wages of
ordinnry labor. It was considered that
with the cost of living at its prosent
standard, it was necessary to increnso
thc wnges in order that a man might
decently support a family. The Winnipeg aldermen will consider ihe question
uf tho establishment of u two-platoon
system for tho fire department when
the estimates covering that fiold are
News of Chief Inspector Graham's Retirement Greeted with Gladness.
Organized labor greets with a hearty
welcome the announcement of the resignation of Thomas Graham as chief inspector of mines, who leaves tho provincial servico on April 5, Whether thoro
is nny "behind the scones" reason for
tho resignation is not known, but organized labor in goneral, and tho mine
workors of Vnncouvor Island in particular, would forgivo the governmont for
tho rankest display of putronngo Bystem if Bitch a policy led to tho resignation. The public press states that the
govornment was "reluctantly obliged to
accept tbo resignation." lt Is wife-to
say thnt organized labor was not consulted on the matter or there would have
been little reluctanco shown, in view of
the unfair and unjust manner in which
Mr. Crahnm treated the workers during
his term of offico nnd his apparent no-
gleet to onforco tho Mines Regulation
Act to protect thoir interests.
It is understood that Mr. Graham
will soon tako up responsible duties on
tho staff of ono of tho island coul mio-
ing companies. In viow of hiB past re*
cord, workers believe thot he will feel
cord, tho workers believe that he will
feel perfectly at home in his now position.   'Nuff Bed. PAGE TWO
...^pril 6, 1917
Assets ....
... 61,000,000
Household Banking
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great con*
venienee. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
fi *irt wtfn. and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Intorest is
paid on theBe accounts twice a
year. .
Paid-up Capital «6,ooo,ooo
Beserve Fund 6,500,000
Oorner Hastlngi and Cambie Sta.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavr Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2387 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
How to be a Good
Speak with jour lipi dote to the
mouthpiece. Thtt is the whole secret
of successful telephoning
When 70a do so, tilking requires
leu effort snd Uitenlng calls tor less
There li no need of voice foree when
you Ulk into the telephone. Everything you ssy is heard plainly and distinctly, when spoken ln an ordinary
Fair. 2624
Out-of-town Union Men who vlilt
Vancouver should pay a visit to
Perry & Dolk
The Labor. Tomplo
Union Tailora
Piek out a spring suit and got it
properly made, union-made, combined with right treatment.
MB. C.
Published every Friday morning hy the B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettlplece Manager
Office: Boom 817, Labor Ten*ple
Tel. Exchange Seymour Itit
Subscription: fl.50 por yoar; in Vancourer
City. 92.00; to union, subscribing
in a body, $1.00.
~~~~        ^EPBisEliTATIVE?~"
dew Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. I). Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wella, Box 15S8
Field1 Circulation Booster. Goo. F. Stirling
'Unity of Labor:  tbe Hope of the World*
PBIDAY April 6, 1917
IF ANY ONE is eminently equipped
und qualified to deal with tho personal relation existing between th*
modern master of capitnl and his exploited wage slaves, or the relations
that should exist be*
Capital, in the last analysis, is nothing othor than the control of labor in
production. It is not a material substance; it is not a something that is
furnished and put into a partnership by
certain members ,of, a firm. It is embodied solely in the laws of slavery,
that in the present age are expressed
through legal titles to hold slaves by
morely holding the. things upon whicli
all men depend for their sustenance.
Those titles were at one time drawn
upon the bodies of the slaves. They aro
now made only to cover the resources
of the earth and the tools of industry.
By controlling these, inanimate things,
the capitalists are able to control the
only tool of industry that is capable of
wealth production—the workingman—
tho Blavo ''"partner" in the firm of
capital and labor. And that is all thoro
is to tho fable and fiction of thc partnership between oapital and labor. Thnt
is tho only personal relationship there
is betwixt the capitalist and tho wage
earner. Just mastor and slave. That's
all. .Better think it over.
Trades Unionists of
Greater -Vancouver
Wa Want Tou to Do Your
Furniture Business With Vl
Onr etock of Furniture ii tbe beet
In the province. Whenever yoa want
anything la onr line, ull in and look
Hastings Fmnitiire Co.Ud
41 Hutlngi Stroot Wort
Sou-Van Milk
Should bo tn tho homo of erery
phons Mr. ate     TWICE
TrnTWIIKt        OMtnriuter.    B.20
Matinee Pricei: Evenings
10c, 16c, 260, 60c      10c, 26c, 38c. 76c.
UntqaalUd Vaodwilta Mum
8:48, 7:20, 9:16 -  Sttion'i Prim:
Mi-tint*. 10c; EvtoiDgi, ibc, 860
PERSONAL tween thom, it cer-
RELATION tuinly    should    be
IN INDUSTRY. some member of the
tribe of Rockefeller,
for there is aarely no one who might
reasonably bc expected to have any
closor acquaintance with capital in the
mass, than the aforesaid tribe. Such
being the ease, it would appear quite to
be expected that some member of the
tribe would rise to the heighth of supreme excellence as an exponent of
what such relations should or should not
be. And it has all happened aa we have
had tho audacity to presume. John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., has risen to the occasion. An address delivered at Cornell
university on January 11, 1917, by this
pious and earnest disciple of soulful uplift amongst the lower classes, and devoted and zealous advocate of ideal relations between masters and slaves,
clearly substantiates the fact. His Bubject upon this occasion was "-The Personal Relation in Industry.",. And that
the knowledge that this true son of his
father has gained, through the years of
his so far arduous life, an invaluable
fund of information bearing upon the
art of inducing the Hon and the lamb
(slave and master) to dwell in peace
and unity together, the aforesaid John
D., Jr., has had his famous address put
in neat pamphlet form and, no doubt,
widely distributed. We acknowledge
receipt of a copy, and solemnly affirm
that we have most carefully perused it
from cover to cover.
* *      *
Mr. Rockefeller clearly sees the serious loss that follows in the wake of
strikes, boycotts and such labor disturbances, Of course, as becomes a true
Christian, he is far mpre concerned over
the wage loss to the poor in consequence
of the stoppage of work, than he is over
the interruption of profits that falls so
crushingly upon the dear capitalists,
but incidentally he does not altogether
overlook the' sufferings of the latter. He
says that the New Tork city ear strike
of last summer cost the "companies
some four millions of dollara, not to
mention the loss in wages borne by the
employees or the loss sustained by the
publie." And all of this happened in
spite of the fact that he later on takes
paina to emphasize by asserting "that
labor and capital are naturally partners,
not enemies. *' Now, if they are '' naturally partners, not enemies," it iB
rather difficult for the lay mind to understand why they'engage in such fre*
quent and furious combats. It is surely
most undignified as well as unprofitable
for "partners" to thus fall out and engage in vulgar scrambles and heap
coarae billingsgate upon each otljcr, as
is frequently the case. Young John D.
says there were over 3000 strikes and
lockouts in the United States during the
firBt eleven months of last year. It,
would seem as though a partnership
that could show no better eleven
months of harmony than that, ought to
be peremptorily dissolved^if the "partners" are so lacking in decency as not
to bring about the dissolution by voluntary proceedings.
* *      *
But this eminent authority on "personal relations," ia by no means sparing in hia criticism of capital when it
comes to a showdown. He seems to occupy a position of '' armed neutrality,''
and offers criticism and advice with
ommendable impartiality, as the following goeth to Bhow. '' To often capital regards labor merely ns a commodity
to be bought and sold, while labor not
infrequently regards capital as money
personified in the soulless corporation."
That is remarkably cutting and severe,
That's a corker. Oh, what a slam. Can
capital regard labor as anything else
than that which it really isf The power
to labor, i. e., labor power, Ib a commodity and can be considered only as
such so long as the capitalist method
of, controlling industry and labor shall
prevail. Labor can only "regard capital aB money (power) personified in the
soulless corporation," for that is all it
THERE ARE economists and econo-
Don't stow away your spare
cash in any old corner where it li
In danger from burglars or fire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada
offeri you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
banking service, whether your account Is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings do*
0. S. HARBISON, Manager,
Oranvlll* and Pender
0. N. STAOBY, :
Haatingi and Oarrall
bad and soino are indifferent. If
the truth be told without reserve, the
most of the tribe are exceeding rotten,
even unto the limit.
WHEN THE But the worst of all
BLIND LEAD is the one who poses
THE BLIND. as a socialist .and
proclaims his wis*
dom from the housetops, without boing
possessed; of even the rudiments of any
conception of the socialist phisoBophy
and the economic principles upon which
that philosophy rests. It is not the mission of The roderationist to bawl out
individuals as such, but it sometimes
becomes nocessary to mention them
when they stand as the acknowledged
sponsors and euBtodians of any movemont or school of thought that is based
upon error and is following the path
that leads to the quagmire of confusion
and disaster. But even when each individuals are mentioned in these columns, it need not be taken as an indi-
cotion of any desire to reflect upon the
integrity or the good intentions of suoh
persons. As a rule, men are honest in
their advocacy of those principles or
movements that engage theto efforts,
but in many cases their ignorance of
the fundamental facts of life, from
which all guiding principles and active
movements spring, is their most strik-
ing characteristic. And many, very
many such earnest souls are pouring
forth from the abundance of their lack
of wisdom, tho most silly economic vap-
orings and frothings, through the press
and from the platform, upon the dull
and afflicted multitude which wander*
eth in the wilderness and gropeth for
knowledge in tho dark precincts thereof.
* » *
There is one of theso worthy but ignorant ones, and we will mention no
names, who takes it upon himself, presumably at so much per line, to instruct
the dull and uncouth along the lines of
economic understanding, through the
columns of various publications. In a
Bheet that recently reached us we flnd
this artists fulminations spread over an
entire page in such a manner as to cast
an intensely illuminating glare upon
what the author does not know about
skinning slaves and tanning their hides
into the luscious profit. This able exponent of what he does not know hinges
his entire howl against the owners of
railways upon the allegation thot these
sinful owners work their nefarious practices upon the dear publio simply by
" watering their etook," and thus making this dear and much-abused public
pay charges upon a capitalization that
has no real value behind it. This apparently works out along easy monoy
lines something like getting 'money
from home dr working in a brewery.
Now if money could be so easily gotten
as by merely setting an increased valuation upon ones property and advancing prices in aoordance with such increased valuation, it would appear that
the royal road to wealth had been happily discovered for all persons. For instance the farmer could declare, to himsolf for that matter, that his farm had
doubled in value and he could then
chargo twice as much for his crop as
boforo. Of courso he would get it.
Thore can be no doubt about that.' -
* «      * j
Then the working man could similarly
declare that his factory (stomach and
Intestines) had doubled in value and
therefore his labor powor would bo
worth twlco as much as formorly. He
would get it too, and if not why nott
According to the worthy economist' referred to that is all that the railways
have to do iu order to double up their
"earnings." If it is true of them lt
must be true of all others who likewise
produce and sell in tho capitalist mar*
ket. Again, if not why nott Our worthy asserts that the railway owners
"water their stock" and what was
formerly worth a thousand dollars thus
bocomes worth two thousand, or what
is tho same thing becomes thc basis of
charges that are double those previously levied upon the traffic carried. Then
by this same procoss the farmer could
wntor a steor and sell it for twice as
much as was formerly the case. We fail
to sec why there could bo less profit-
compelling virtuo in nn actual watering
of stock than in a morely figurative
performance of that kind.
* *      *
Tho fact of the matter is that this
complaint against what is termed stock
manipulation, whether it takes the form
of "watering," or morely "bulling''1
or "bearing," or any othor df the multifarious tricks that capitalist players
work upon each othor, hns nothing
whatevor to do with th'e charges made
fer tho carrying of oither passengers
or freight. These charges are based upon "what the traffic will bear," and
that is calculated upon tho eost of operation and all that is implied in, the ordinary conduct of any other business.
Thore is nothing in either the operating or financing of railway enterprises
that in any manner differs from the
operating and financing of any other
8. The business rules that must
lie followed if the factory of a wage
plug is to successfully turn oat the
product labor power, nnd enable the
proprietor to dispose of his wares in
tho market, are identical with those
thnt_niust be followed by tho railways
and their owners. The only difference
between them is that the operations Of
the latter are on a larger scale and the
financing of the former is usually much
more difficult. A railway' that is capable of earning in a givon year, let us
say, $50,000,000 clear, is cnpnblo of so
doing whethor it is capitalized at $1,*
000,000 or $100,000,000. The capitalize
lion has nothing to do with it. It is th'e
volume of traffic as related to the cost
of operation that tolls the tale. A road
jmay have cost but tho first mentioned
|.sum, but in the courso of time the traffic may have so incronsed, through the
development of the territory served, as
to bring the net earnings up to that
$50,000,000. If a dividend was then
declared upon that capitalization that
dividend would be 100 per cent. But
suppose the Btoek (or capitalization)
wns increased to $500,000,000, then the
dividond would be but 10 per centi No-,
thing would have been changed
except the appearance of the transaction. It would appear less shocking to
tho sensibilities of tho soulful "robbed
ns a consumer" gink, to read of a 10
per cent, than of a 100 per cent, dividend. And if the traffic had thus increased, the value of the property would
be raised to the $500,000,000
point. So wherein lies the crime f It
is up to the ignorantins to tell us all
about it.
♦ «'- *-
To moke a long story short, the workers who have carried on the operations
of the railways are the only ones who
have been robbed of anything. They
have been robbed just the same as all
othor workers are robbed under capital-
ism, or any other form of slavery. All
they get is their wages, the money cost
of the production of their labor power,
the commodity they sell to their capitalist masters. As to what juggling the
masters are guilty of among themselves,
that is none of the workers' business.
It does afford much stock in trade, how-
ever, for poor surface skimmers who
being long on gab and short on know-
lodgo, are compelled to work the gab
end of the combination for their bread
and butter. For let It be known that
froth and gab are fnr more pleasingly
palatable to the dull-witted mob than
hard dry facts. Its mental digestion
is well calculated for that sort of food.
That is why the peddler of wind and
froth eats a plenty while the sage is
lucky to havo even an occasional
"bread tioket."
staple foods increased 38.2 per cent.,'
whilo the average wage of over five million factory workers increased bnt 12.0
per cent. It may thus be seen how the
condition of labor is being gradually
improved as a result of our noble efforts
nlong the line of "the strike, the boycott and collective bargaining."
Several big Chicago firms aro on record with the promise of paying the
difference between the nrmy pay and
regular wages of any of their employees
who mny enlist in the event of war.
Will any of the heads of these big concerns likewise Vnlistl Nay, nay, Pauline. They will remain safely at home
and busily engage in gathering the increased quantity of shekels nnd aimo-
leons that will float upon the tide of
war. That's what they will bo doing,
Some one asks "whero Germany is
getting the money with which to carry
on the war?" Any ono at all familiar
with the remarkable powers of the German chemists would know thnt this*
money was obtained synthetically.
These chemist magicians just merely
roach up in tho air and get it as it* is
needed. That is tho way they aro clothing and feeding the German armios and
kooping up the supply of submarines at
the rate of ono or two every fifteen
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary
Phone Soy. 3220 Birks Building
A French statistician figures it out
that overy person in Frnnce will have
to pay a monthly tax of $5.55 for the
next 40 years, in order to liquidate
France's war indebtedness. This would
mean a payment of $33.50 per month
for each family of six persons. We
know of a far hotter and easier way to
pay off the dobt than that. For confidential information relating thereto, address this office, but be sure to enclose
postage. If there is anything further
you wish to know in the matter of solving these capitalist problems of finance,
the information will be thrown tn for
good measure, free gratis'and for nothing,
Now that the poverty-strickon railways of the United States have boen
forced to comply with the eight-hour
requirements of the Adamson law, thoy
aro asking permission from the government to be allowed to increase their
freight rates from 15 to 21 per cont.
As they only cleared up about one billion dollars during the last year, it
would appear thot their request is not
nn unreasonable one. A billion dollars
of swag for ono yoar is altogether too
narrow a margin for safety. The risks
of capital should be held down to the
lowest limit possible. Even then they
are so great as to predispose our great
captains of industry to insomnia nnd
sometimes insanity. And- what in the
world would our sod fate be if' they
should all become as bughouse as the
rest of us.
"The dignity of lnbor is not in evidence when hitting the boss for a job."
"A humble slnvo I despise; a rebellious slave I respect."—Wendell Phillips.
In England the food prices rose 45
per cent, from the beginning of tho war
up to 1916. About the first of the present year the average increase showed
87 per cent.
Government is not reason, it is not
eloquence—it is force. Like fire, it 1b a
dangerous servant nnd a fearful master;
never for a moment should it be left to
irresponsible action.—Qeorge Washington.
Meyer London, tho United States socialist congressman, introduced a resolution in the house Inst week demanding
that a federal food commission be created, authorizing the purchase of food to
be sold directly to the people without
We reported last month that tho
Labor party conference cut down tho I.
L. P. reprcsontation on the executivo
committee to one member. London
Justice quotes from the Worker a imrn-
graph reporting n speech mndo on this
Bubjoct by Philip Snowden: "Mr. Snowden * * * went on to forecast interesting political changes. After the
war there would have to be a general
reconstruction. It would have been
necessary to reform political combinations if the Labor party had remained
united during the war. It would bo all
the more necessary because of what had
happened inside the pnrty during the
wnr. * * * By the disappearance
of tho Lnbor party, and from the disintegrated units, there would be formed a
new democratic party, whatovor itB
name might bo, a pnrty which in its
policy and in its ideals would bo a collective socinlist party."—International So*
ciolist Review.
Sheriff McRae, who led the assault
upon the Everett, Wash., workers, was
once Btate secretary of the Shingle
Weavers' union, ond waa elected sheriff
a Lnbor candidate. The Judas breed
really inextinguishable — Spokane
Germany has now committed a sin
more grievous oven than that of sinking
merohant vessels of neutrals without
warning. She has defaulted the payment of tne loan of $10,000,000 which
she floated in tho United States. This
should arouso the martial ardor of every
patriot in tho land.
In the end, it's the man who is really
on tho job all tho time who will win out.
Whether ho works or plays, whether he
roads or writes, whether he thinks or
talks, or talks and thinks—but always
on the job—that's tho follow who will
make his way to tho front while others
step aside.—The Worker.
'Militarism is the ripe fruit of capi-
tolism," says one. It ie like—well, like
fun. Militarism, as we know it now, is
the last desperate resort of a dying and
damned mid-European feudal autocracy,
to escape the fate that has been marked
otu for it in the evolution of human society, from primitive beginnings to a
higher civilizntion. It is also a rainbow of promiso to munition makers and
other patriots whose abnormal profits
are made possible by its survival. But
to capitalism ns a whole, it is rank
poison, for capitalism does not. spread
its brand of "kultur" by monns of Arc
nnd sword, but by cheap goods and high
class ".efficiency" along the lines of
production. Mars is not a commercial
traveller. He is meroly an extremely
expensive nuisance forced upon modern
capitalism by the feudal survival already referred to. When that is broken
Mars will become a back numbor in
spite of all tho bogey men set np by
munition patriots aim other similar designing scalawags and cheap swindlers.
At the beginning of the Wnr the Czar
of Russia is said to have declared that
bo "would go to Berlin if it cost him
his last moujik." And now it is hinted
that Prosldent Wilson is determined to
also take the same'journey even if it
costs toe last I. W. W. in the land.
When theso great rulers gov out after
anything, they aro absolutely reokless
of tho cost.   At least, so it seems.
British workors are not satisfied with
tho industrial conscription schemes that
have been foisted upon them. A call
has boen sent out by prominent Labor
men urging that the workers ln London
und othor largo cities assemble in mass
meetings for the purpose of considering
the whole programme of compulsion,
and to decide on what is to bo done to
preserve industrial freedom.
"I do not believe that the weapons
of liberty, over have been, or ever can
bo, the wenpons of despotism. I know
that thoso of despotism are the sword,
tho rovolver, tho ennnon, the bomb
shell; and therefore, the weapons - to
which tyrants cling, and upon which
thoy depend, aro not the weapons for
me, as a frlond of liberty. I will not
trust the war spirit anywhere in the
universe of God. "—William Lloyd Garrison,
Mrs.' Lena Mortimer, residing at
Drake and Burrard streets, passed away
at an early hour last Monday morning,
nt tho isolation hospital, tho second victim of smallpox, which was brought to
this city by a steamer from Hongkong,
recently. Mrs. Mortimer waa tho widow
of John T. Mortimer, at one time well-
known in tho Lnbor movement of Canada, and who lost his life by drowning
in tho Red river at St. Vincent, Minn.,
about oight yoars ago. By hor death,
two girls, 13 ond 15 yoars of ago, are
loft fatherless and motherless.
A peculiarly pathetic feature of Mrs.
Mortimer's death is thnt she contracted
the disease from H. Anderson, to whom
she was engaged to bo married, and who
had been working upon the boat that
brought tho scourge to Vancouver. Mr.
Anderson died in the isolation hospital
about two weoks ago.
Mrs. Mortimer was affectionately
known to a wide oircie of friends and
acquaintances as "Mother," and Bhe
was really a mother, in the most exalted
sense implied by that dear word, to all
who enmo to know hor nt all intimately.
It is difficult to imagine a sadder task
than to chronicle the untimely death of
this valiant littlo woman, who so splendidly recovered from tho shook of her
husband's tragic death and bravely
faced the battle of life for her children
and horself. Her untimely death under
these pathotic circumstances !b tragic in
the extreme. It calls forth a sorrow
thot cannot be expressed, and the sympathy oxtendod to her sfrickon relatives and friends cannot be spoken, for
thore are no words capable of convoying
it. In the face of somo of tho grim
tragedies of life we stand appalled and
dumb because of the poignancy of our
grief. Relief cannot como to the tortured heart through spoken words. It
is timo alone that can heal the wound.
A compilation of statistics published
by Commerce and Finance, a New York
business publication, shows that during
tho year 1910 the average prices of 25
Men'8 Hatters and Outfitters
M0 OraavUt Strwi
Mt Hutlnn Stnet West
J. Edwird Stan     once: Sey. 4116
Btrristtri, Solicitor., Coinj-uceri, Etc.
Victoria and Vaneoaver   -
vaneoaver Office: 516-7 Rosen Bldg.
Vancouver Pickle Co.
aak for
Highland 21   Factory 801 Powell
Phone Sey. 5183   1896 Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
Jobbing Work a Specialty
Phone Ser. 186 end Res. Bay. 77
1033 OBANVILLE ST., Vancouver
Strain Your Eyes-
Waste Your Health !
F yoar eyes are defective, they are
under constant strain, and tbii
■train of the most Important organ of
the body (ao closely ln touch witb the
great central storehouse of energy) ia
a constant drain upon the vitality.
Insomnia (sleeplessness), Indigestion and stomach trouble, and many
otherfunctional disturbances, Including headache and extreme nervousness, are often caused by eyes that are
defective without the possessor being
aware of it. If you suffer from any
of these things, yon will do well to
bave yonr eyes examined at onee.
Defective vision, of eonne, means
that the eyea are defective, and that
glasses are required. To delay meana
to court Ill-health at well aa to suffer
continual discomfort. It may be dan*
Don't f o on straining yonr eye,.
Attend to tbam at one] and avoid
danger. Our credit system makea
It possiblo for you te secure nor
lianas at onea, aud par for tham
whllt yoa an wearing tham. -
Oet busy and have your old bicycle
made like new. We will enamel and
make yonr wheel look llkt new from
95.50 np.   All kinds of repaln at
516-518 Howe Hastings 412
J. PHILLIPS * CO.. Agents
Phone 6416 1228 Hamilton
Wilson & McNeil
Painters, Paperhangers
and Decorators
1166 13th Ave. East Vancouver
Phone Fairmont 760R
Estimates given on any work in
our line.
8th Floor Birks Building
Seymour 4686
Refined Servioe
One Block wost of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to aU
Telephone Seymour 2426*
Lahor Temple Preaa    Sex. 4490
Hemstitching, bnttons covered, seal-
lopping, button boles, pinking, sponging and shrinking, lettering, plcot edging, pleating, niching, embroidery,
653 Oranvllle St.      1319 Douglas St.
Phont Sty. 8101 Phone lleo
The kind of Suits tho boys like to wear are now on display.   Pinch
Backs, Norfolks, and all tho new and up-to-date styles are shown.
Teh Sey. 702
309 to S16 Huntings Street West
Along; lino of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands. Tho finest mtfed
farming lands in the province.
Oood water, best of hunting and fishing. Tho settlers who have gone
ln thero are all boosters, as they aro making good.
ft you want to go back to tho land, write
Welton Block, Vancouver
The Sign
Lard        Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
For your kitchen, Wellington nut $6.50
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump  '.. ,   , $7.50
Comox Nut $.50
Comox Pea.
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Narpole Co.
< m
..April 6, 1917
The Man Who Wants
Work Trousers
—will find at Spencer's easily the largest stock and best variety in the
.city.   What is more, v   ' "   "    '"     —-'--- ■*--"--*■•*" *•—
a dark brown tweed.
.city.   What is more, we havo a stock at low prices, starting at (2.00, for
i dar"
AT 12.25 there are three patterns, including plain brown and diagonal
grey tweeds that are exceptional values.
AT $2.76 there are plenty of patterns iu browns, greys and mixtures.
AT 13,50 we have the famous Halifax tweed, and an Knglish whipcord In
grey, both very popular trousers with men who want wear.
AND AT 13.90 an English hairline in dark grey, also a most durable garment.
such as a man often wants to eke out a coat and vest that are capable
of further service, we have a fine range, of stripe worsteds—there are
particularly good to wear with a navy sergo or any dark coat.   Prices
are J4.50, 15.00,16.50,16,00 and 16.50.
NAVY SERGE TEOUSERS, of excellent quality are here in all sizes at
•3.90 and $5.60.
Carhartt Overalls
and Pants
—are the—
Better Value Garments for
and they are made right here.
You are quite right to insist on your own homemade CARHARTT, for every Eastern-made OVERALL means wages out of your pocket.
Instead of pure maple.   It is just as; good, and costs considerably less.
Made from pure Sugars, and guaranteed to, contain no foreign flavoring.
Watch for demonstrations at the leading grocery stores.
Picked in bottles, quarter, half and one gallon tins.
Order a tin today and be convinced.
Great Northern Transfer Co., Ltd.
Baggage and Express Agents
Cartage and Shipping Agents
Phone Day and Night, Sey, 605 and 405
80 Pender Stroet East
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
Seymour 2988    '
( Uptown Offlee:
Seymour 226
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BED}, Proprietor
Manufacturers of
Offlee and Works: Tenth Street        NEW WESTMINSTER, B, 0.
Prominent Industrial Man
Says It Does Not Meet
Labor Record of Canada Under Act Proves Siufh
Is the Case'
THE objections of organized labor to
compulsory arbitration were plainly
stated recently before the Academy of
Political Science of New York city by
Mr. W, S. Carter, prosldent of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Engineers. An outline of the address
wilt be of interest to readers of The
Federationist, inasmuch as the question
waB viewed by the speaker chiefly in
the light of the practical experience of
Labor in Canada with legislation of
the type 'in the form of the Lemieux
The addreBB of Mr. Carter was, in
part, as follows:     '
"I nave been requested to make a
statement, wherein will be set forth the
objections of organized labor tb compulsory arbitration. I Bhall aim to set
forth the views of organized labor, and
not simply my own ideas. In fact, some
of the objections may be far more
radical than I personally should offer.
The objections that I shall offer are
specifically objections to compulsory arbitration, and may or may not include
objections to the Canadian Act or similar-; laws upon the Bubject. You will
notice that in my remarks I refer to
the mental attitude of the arbitrator
and state that as a basis of objection
to arbitration; in fact, as evidence that
arbitration is not an equitable manner
of disposing of wage questions, because
so much depends upon the mental attitude of the individual whose judgment
is asked. I ask special attention to this
point in my paper.
Labor Does Not Approve.
"Railroad employees, and all people
who work for wuges- are opposed to
so-called compulsory arbitration because it is bat an ill-concealed effort
on the part of the master class to deprive labor of its economic power. Under the guise of arbitration it is proposed to fix wages and working conditions by judicial compulsion.
"Whenevor and wherever by judicial
process Labor Us boon uontn.-Vrl, tho
employer has become a master and his
employee a peon, serf or slave; for now,
heretofore and hereafter the master
class molds the mind of the judiciary.
An arbitrator created by law is no less
a judge, and where appointed by governmental authority becomes a dictator.
Should his dictum be enforced by law
his reign is no less that of a tyrant,
though he may be a benevolent tyrant.
"In today's issue of one of the leading newspapers of this city I find' the
following editorial statement: ' That
labor is a commodity is not a mere dictum. According to the dictionaries,
anything which is useful is a commodity, and anything which can be bought
"br sold is an article of commerce. . . .
Thoso who defend the thesis that Labor
is not property uso lofty words.' It is
this class-conscioJS impulse of the master class, aud of the thousands who exist or prosper by favor of business
interests, that now demands that railway strikes bo prohibited. No thought
is given to tho constitutional rights of
Labor. Tbe business mind considers
only the disaster of a cessation of
traffic in profitable commodities.
An Apt Comparison.
"I might compare tho arbitration of
disputes between master and servant
to a like process of adjusting political
Suestions  and    religious    contentions.
loody wars huve been fought to decide
disputations arising out of the divinity
762 Granville Street
If not the best, as good
as any in the city.
The best the market
We will lit you with a shoe,
guaranteed solid leather, oither
for work or a dress shoo, from
•ISO up.       ,   •
Boys' solid leather boots; ovory
pair guaranteed to givo you satis-
faction, from 11.90 up.
649 Hastings Street West
of our Sayiour. Just as equitably could
this religious issue be decided by compulsory arbitration. Just as difficult
would it be to sequre an unbiased
award. A Christian arbitration board
would sustain and a Hebrew arbitration board would reject the divinity of
Christ,, and the one would be just as
sincere as the other. It may be said
that when a congressional campaign ie
fought principally upon the tariff issue,
it is but an arbitration of the question,
the millions of voters being the arbitrators, and the result of the election
being the award. Bat .the award made
in this manner does not decide that a
protective tariff is just or unjust. The
result of the election shows only how
many voters believed thatvtheir personal interests would be benefited by a
protective tariff.
"If the eight-hour day, questions of
wages and othe^ such controversies are
to be adjusted by arbitration, and there
is an earnest desire to secure an unbiased award, no person connected with
or in sympathy with the workors or the
servant class would probably bo appointed as a "neutral." No person
connected, with the . employers or in
sympathy with the master class Could
be truly neutral. Now that the master
class pmvides princely sums for endowment and pensions in the great educational institutions, we find learned men
summarily discharged for partisan leanings toward the servant class. Who is
there leftl"
Corporation Buy Public Press.
Alluding to the recent campaign of
the railways of the States against the
passage of an eight-hour law, Mr. Carter pointed to the ■ publicity campaign which had been carried out by*
the railway managers. Through the advertising columns of 3000 daily and
14,000 weekly newspapers, they told
their story. .The result of this widespread use of money waB that editorial
and news comment in theBe ..papers
voiced the sentiment* of the advertising
pages. If arbitration was to be forced
upon Labor, it should never be of such
a character as' enabled the master olass
to '' pack the jury'' before the evidence
waB heard.
Continuing, Mr. Carter summed up
his case as follows:   ,
'Aside from the fact that an arbitration award depends almost entirely
upon the mental attitude of the so-
called neutral arbitrator, an award favorable to employees is never applied
justly. In any arbitration of a controversy between railroad employees
and their employers the latter administer the award. What would be
thought of the effectiveness of a court
judgment enforced only by one of the
litigants? Yet this is how arbitration
awards are put into 'effect. What are
intended to be wage increases are juggled into wage reductions by railroad
officials, whose authority in the matter
has never been questioned.
Summary of Objections.
'To sum up the objections of working people to any form of compulsory
arbitration, I may brief them as follows:
" (1) Is is but a scheme by which- the
employer hopes to gain a mastery ovor
•his employees:
(a) By making strikes illegal, and1
thus depriving working people of their
only economic power.
(b) By suppressing labor organization, through depriving them of the
power to effect their-purpose.
(c) By creating conditions of labor
through judicial process, which process
the master claas always haB influenced
and always will greatly influence.
"(2) It is but the expression of a
selfish desire:
(a) To avoid the personal inconvenience incidental to all strikes, without
regnrd to the injustice against which
the workers nre struggling.
(1.) To avoid the financial Iosb to
business interests engaged in production
und transportation, regardless of the
financial loss that may fall on the
"(3) It is but a symptom of the
mental and moral degeneration through
which all great and prosperous nations
hnve passed when:     ■'
(a) Fundamental principles of individual liberty are forgoten.
(b) That for which the founders of
liberty were honored becomes a social
(c) The struggle foT wealth overshadows all else, with consequent disregard for the rights of the working
' (4) It is a deliberate effort to deprive working people of their economic
(a) Through legislation nominally to
proserve public peace.
(b) Through nn artificial public opinion, largely created by those who' control the public press.
(c) Through a presumption that for
public convenience the federal judiciary
will find a method of depriving all
working people of their constitutional
right to escape involuntary sorvitudc
except ns punishment for crime.
"This sums, up the objections not
only of organized lubor, but of all
Labor against compulsory arbitration.
Some of these statements I bolieve to
be extreme, perhaps, not founded on
fact; nevertheless many, many working people believo them to be true, and
so believing, have a right t'o object vigorously to compulsory arbitration."
A Suggestion for Prohibitionists.
Without any intention of Bnrcasm, it
is suggested that iu viow of the recent
expedition of Prohibitionists to Victorin
to onter a protest against tho "wcts,V
a deputation from the same organization
wait upon the government, Jupiter Plu-
vius or somebody or other and enter a
protest against tho prevailing weather
in view of its extreme "wetness."
Labor'4 Objection to Compulsory Arbitration Is
Plainly Stated
Outline of An Able Address
By Well-known Labor
THAT THE Canadian Industrial Disputes Act, advocated by President
Wilson as a basis for legislation in that
country, has not operated as many public officials, trade unionists and employers there believe, is the conclusion Bet
forth In an article in the Survey of
March 31, giving the results of an investigation made by Ben M. Selekman,
of the Russell Sage foundation.
Canadian Disputes.
'The Act has operated not as compulsory investigation, but as a voluntary conciliation measure. If it has prevented the occurrence of strikes, it has
done so not because it restrained workers from striking, but because the machinery afforded by it enabled men With
personality and tact to bring employers
and their men together and adjust their
' The compulsory features of the Act
which impose a penalty for violation,
and the definite rules of procedure, have
not been emphasized in its administration. Altogether approximately eighty-
four strikes on public utilities may be
charged as illegal. The records of the
Canadian department of labor for the
same period show only eight prosecutions which were relatively unimportant."
Fails to Meet Conditions.
Mr. Selekman points out that the
particular problem for which the act
was devised was industrial unrest in
coal mines. Since its enactment, however strikes in coal mines have been
more numerous than before. Indeed, he
states that during this time "the average Iobb of working days per year in
coal mining strikes has been more than
three times as great as before the law
was passed, and the most serious of
these strikes have been illegal. Thus
the act has' clearly failed to avert
strikes in this industry."
A majority of Canadian trade unionists ace opposed to the act, but it is interesting to note that hardly any of the
Canadian trade unionists advance the
argument heard in this country against
President Wilson's measure—that such
a law means compulsory servitude for
the wage-earners. "On the contrary,
most of them approve of the principle
of the law, and direct their criticism
purely against administrative defects."
International Enquiry' Needed.
The author is not led, by his study of
the Canadian act, to the belief that aim*
ilar laws Bhould be enacted In this country. '' Our recently threatened railroad
Btrike," he writes, "has awakened the
public to the critical situation in which
it might at any time be placed. This
does not necessarily moan that we
should restrict the railway employees'
right to Btrike. It does mean, however,
that the government ooght to establish
the machinery both for'the continuous
collection of all the facts available on
the various aspects ot labor controversies and for an inquiry into the merits
of particular disputes tbat may arise.
Thus a. fully enlightened public could
exert a more intelligent influence."
In the same iBsue of the Survey with
Mr. Selekman's article is a symposium
on the subject of the interference of the
govornment with the right to Btrike.
Short articles are contributed by Chas.
W. Eliot, former president of Harvard
umversity; Prof. John R. Commons, of
the University of Wisconsin; James
O'Connell, second vico-president of tho
American Federation of Lubor; Harris
Weinstock, of California, formerly member of the United States Commission
on Industrial Relations; James C. Watters, president of the TradeB nnd Labor
Congress of Canada; Henry R. Towno,
president of Yale and Towno; J. E. Williams, chairman of the Hart, Schaffner
& Marx arbitration board; William O.
Thompson, formerly counsel of the
United States Commission on Industrial
liclutionB, and others.
Open Forum Meeting.
H. L. Doublodny will speak on "Tho
Evolution of Religion," at tho Open
Forum, Sunday, at 2.1(0 p.m., in O'Brien
hall. i
Trades and Labor Council.
Friday, April 8, 1892
Messrs. Campbell and Murray (tailors) and Duncan McRao (Knights of
Labor), were ucceptad as dolegates.
The industrial building scheme (to
erect a labor hall), whereby all unionists would contribute a day's work, or
in lieu thereof n day's pay, Aid. J. L.
Franklin (treasurer), assured the council that there wns no possibility of it
boing adopted.
Harry Brooks (longshoremen),'reported on tho matter of sailors working
aniline. On motion of J. L. Fulton
(printers), and P. Mitcholl (moulders),
the report was adopted.
Following wore olected a Labor Day
committee: H. Brooks, Aid. Franklin,
H. Cowan, D. O'Droyor, Thos. Oliver,
secrotary, Qeo. Gagen and President
good solid leather right
The workmanship on every one is the very best obtainable ; a man has to bc an
expert before he is allowed
to work on LECKIE. BOOTS.
Tho machinery used is thc
most modern ih the world.
There ean be only one result—Perfect — or LECKIE
BOOTS—synonymous terms.
Your Dealer Haa Them
■ l
Easter Hats
for Men
the very best makes
and styles-the newest
-i r —i	
colors at prices from
$2.50 to $5.00
_ imaamma  wa     asaasm $ saammaT, mm a^mtamot*,'      ___[_
Granville and Georgia Streets
bega to announce that he haa established himself, for the practice of
Dentistry and Oral Surgery, In new quarters on. the Second rfoor of the
Bank of Ottawa Building, corner of Seymour and Haatinga Streeta, and
is now prepared to receive patients.
The most modern equipment In office and laboratory haa been Installed
and Anocnin Infiltration, the painless method endorsed and approved by
the highest dental authorities, will be exclusively employed.
Dr. Grady has had ten years of continuous experience in the largest
dental establishments of the United States and Canada and ia prepared
to offer exceptional individual service at most moderate fees. Consultation and advice will be entirely without charge.
Upper or lower plate	
Gold Qrowns, 22 karat...
Porcelain Crowns .....
Bridgework, per tooth-
Gold Fillings	
Porcelain Fillings	
Silver Fillings	
Painless Extractions .	
...» 6.00
...I 6.00
...I 2.00
...» 1.60
-.» 1.50
No charge made, for extraction when ln preparation for
Plates or Bridgework.      '
PHONE SETMOUB 2716 Offloa Hours: 9 a-m. to 6 p.m.
Open Evenings Tueaday and Saturday 7 to 9
tt a nAn BAKING
NABOB powder
Tour best efforts at cake making and cake baking will fall far
short of success if your baking
powder is not up to standard.
Use NABOB Baking Powder, and
be sure of results.
Privileges Without
Compare the obligations on the street
railway with those on the jitney. Which
bring YOU most benefit?
Pays between 5 and 6
per cent, of ita earning!
to oity.
Qivei regular service in
all weather over long
distance! and abort.
Oivei free transportation to civic officials,
policemen and firemen,
and balf fares to children.
Paya full damage in
caae of injury.
Paya leaa than 1 per
eent. of ita earnings to
Runs when it likes and
where it likes.
Takes the short paying
haul and leaves the
long, non-paying haul
to the street car.
Pays up to $1000 in
case of accident to a
person; nothing for
damage to property.
If you want to receive these benefits of regular
service froir* thc street railway, sec that it gets your
entire support.
Phone Seymour
Carrall and Hastings 5000 TAGE four
Easter Sale of Ladies' Costumes
Coats, Skirts, Dresses, and Millinery
Handsome lot of Ladies' New Suits just urrivcrl for Buster trade.
Speciul. 518160, $20.00, $22.60 und $26.00
$25.00 SUIT SPECIAL, $18.96
Ten only neutly tailored SuitB in nigger brown, bottle green, navy and
black.   Regular $25.00.   Special $18.96
Misses' novelty costumes.   Special $11.60 UP
New Spring Conts in all the latest styles.   Speciul $8.50, $10.50, $12.60,
$16.00 and up.
Latest styles in Billie Burke Dresses just arrived.   Speciul $12.60, $16.00,
$17.60 and  ,. $21.60
Just arrived, n handsome lot of'new shapes from New York, in all tho
latest shndeB. Our showing of trimmed hats is unsurpassed. We invito
you to visit our Millinery Department and seo our beautiful diBplny for
EASTER HAT SPECIAL i $3.60, $4.76, $6.60, $6.60 and $7.60
Children's Hats in endless variety to chooso from.
DAINTY NEW VOILE WAISTS—Special $1.25, $1.50 and $2.00
KID GLOVES— Perrin Freres' extra fine quulity Kid Gloves, in black,
whito and colors.   Special, per pair $1.69
Broadway Theatre
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday
APBIL 9, 10 and 11
Special Friday Night, The
ln high-class vaudeville.
-in- "The Daughter of Mac-Gregor."
Pure Milk T Union Labor
The milk supplied by this
dairy is pure in every sense ef
the word.
All the bottles and utensils
used by this dairy are thoroughly
Our milk supply comes from
the Fraser Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from tha finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers,
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
Revision of B. C.
Dental Act
The publio know that the dental demands of
, British Columbia are not being properly met
at the present time.
The public knows that, as matters now stand,
prompt dental servioe at reasonable rates and
at convenient locations throughout the province is not being offered.    * '
What the public did not know before this campaign
of publicity was started, was that the Dental Council
was responsible for this condition of affairs.
This responsibility is now admitted by the
Dental Council through Ub defense of the present Act, and its plea to members of the Legislature to refrain from altering the present
That, in the sections of the province outside of the
coast cities, residents are obliged to travel many miles,
and often take this trip many times in order to receive
-    dental attention.
And yet the Dental Council tells the public that Brit-
ish Columbia is well supplied with dentists today, and
seeks to have legislation continued which has been
used in the past to prevent dentists from locating in
the province, and thus come in business competition
with dentists now here.
Is this Treating the Public Fairly ?
Tlie only way in Which tho existing conditions can
bc remedied is by a revision of the Dental Act, such
as will curb the powers ol! the body which admits its
responsibility for thc present condition of affairs.
Write your representative in the House today, asking him to
support the revision of the Dental Act when it comes before
the House.
FBIDAT. April f, 1917
Men Lived for Hundreds of
Centuries Under Tribal
The World Is Now Swiftiy
Evolving Towards the
It is .surprising how many people over
today think and speak et our pre
sent form of Bociety as something that
has alwaya existed, and always will exist. Even so-called educated people
speak of this present system—that is
production for profit, and privato ownership^—as having existed for nil time,
as having come down in much itB present form from the early days of Egypt
or Carthage, Greece and Koine.
They keep repeating to themselves
and to others thoso old and musty
phrases "The poor you will always
have with you." "You will have to
change human nature," etc., forget'
ting, if they ever knew, that in human
Bociety as in nature there is nothing
stable; all things change, the seed of
today is tho plant of tomorrow.
Admittedly it is difficult to transplant oneself into a past system of so*
ciety, and form a mental vision of its
industrial and social relations. Our
present environment befogs us and distorts our viaion. Words today inadequately express our mental vision of
things around us, and Btill more inade-
quatelty givo expression to the mental,
social and industrial system of entirely
different races of Iranian beings at distant periods.
The past forms of society have been
ably investigated by such men as Sir
John Lubbock, Herbert Spencer, Lewis
H. Morgan and P. Engels.
1 These writers all agree that mankind
in the earliest stages of existence lived
under a rude form of communism, and
have passed from primitive communism
to various systems of private property.
Lewis H. Morgan has calculated 100,-
000, yoara to cover the life of the human
race, and communism endured during
95,000 years, giving about 5,000 years
for a privato property basis of society.
Under this primitive communism waa
laid the foundation of all fufrare progress. Tho idea of tho dugout as a
means of transport gave and made possible our modern palatial ocean steamship. It was under communism that
the wheel and bow and arrow were
invented, the boat and sails, the rudder, the oar, the stencil plate, fire,
weaving, rude painting, building in
wood and clay, tho cultivation of cereals, taming of animals, and the smelting of metals. The discovery of all
these and their application to the eve-
■ day lifo of primitive society laid
e foundation and made possible the
complex fabric of our modern society.
After passing through many phases
of private ownership, Bociety today is
on the verge of a great transformation,
reverting back aa it' were to the
starting point of human society, but on
an infinitely higher plane. As human
society began its early history with a
narrow tribal communism, based on primitive and simple forms of production,
so the ultimate development of our
present system is a world wide communism with greater power and control over nature, which will be utilised
for humanity as a whole and not for
a section only.
We aro gradually evolving towards
that revolution, that point in time when
this revolution will becomo inevitable.
No man or body of men can force this
issue or bring about the revolution until
the timti is ripe for it, although as men
becomo conscious of this development,
instead of unconscious agents, they can
materially assist in bringing about tho
revolution peacefully, instead of by
This revolution, whether effected
peacefully or otherwise, will givo legal expression and sanction to the new
forms which nre forming in the womb
of socioty.
Marx has said that "force is the mid-
and Suiting
Fabrics for Spring
Exceptionally Complete
Assortments in Wanted
Lines. fc
Pure' Wool Serges and
Roxanas. Special $1.00
per yard; shown in serviceable colors.
Pure Wool Crepe Cloths,
roxanas, armures, also
plain and novelty mohair
suitings. Special, $1.26
per yard; complete color
Pure wool Pandora Cloths,
l'oxanas, serges and gabardine, also mohair suitings
in plain and novelty effects. Special, $1.50 per
yard; complete range of
fashionable colors.
Pure wool Crepe Cloths,
duchesse cloth and French
serges. Special, $1,75;
shown in the new fashionable shades.
Pure wool Diagonal Suitings. Special, $2.25 per
yard; shown in splendid
range   of  dark   costume
Pure wool Gabardines,
Persian cords, poplins and
armure suitings. Special;
$2.75 per yard. A large
color range to select from.
Sport cheviots in all the
leading high colors, per
yard; $2.50, $2.75.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
wife of progresB, delivering the old society pregnant with the new"; but on
the other hand force is also reactionary, doing ita utmost to strangle tho
new society in the womb of the old.
However, force itself is a mere detail
on either side-in that inevitable growth
which none can very rapidly advance
or seriouBly retard.—-J. M. G. in "The
Ray's Market
Tour wages have not increased
with the high coBt of living. But
by trading at BAY'S you can get
your meata at the old prices.
Legs of Veal cut full, lb  20c
i Loins of Veal, breast on, lb.. 20c
1 Shoulders, fancy roast, lt> 20c
Real Easter Lambs, first this
Hindquarters, to sell at, en. $2.60
Forequartors, to sell at, ea. $2.16
Fowls, very best, nt   26c tu 28C
Roasting Chickens, per Ib 35c
Sirloin Boast, por ft 20c
Bound Stoak, roast, per lb.... 20c
Thc only mnrfcot in town where
10c buys one pound of meat.
Fresh Sausage, per Tb  10c
Minced Steak, per lb  10c
Bib Boiling Beef, per lb 10c
Sugar-cured Corn Beef, lb 10c
Beef Liver,  per lb  10c
No Delivery. Prices good for
Saturday only.
Opposite New Pontages Theatre
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, lb... 26c
Slater's Streakey Bacon, lb. 25c
Slater's value Tea, lb 26c
Slater's value Coffee, lb 26c
We deliver to all parts.
131 Hastings St. East   Sey, 3262
830 Oranvllle St.      Sey, '866
3214 Main Street,    rair. 1683
•—I ;	
One Critic Who At Least Pays.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Am enclosing $1.50, my subscription for The
Fedorationist for 1917-18. Am going to
mnke a few remarks, and am curious to
know what nice little tag you are going
to label me with this time. I urn anxious to support a Labor paper for the
good it sliojld do in uniting labor, and
in using that unity of action for the
benefit of labor. Am sorry to sny The
Federutionist does not seem to accomplish anything of the kind; just the reverse in fact. That eruption "Sandpapering a Welshman," was certainly a
pippin. It oozed jealousy nnd chagrin
in overy line. You do more harm with
such yapping as that, than a good labor
man can rectify in a year. Three months
before election, local laborites endorsed
McVety for the commissionership. You
would flnd nn entirely difforent feeling
now if you asked thom to support him.
Your criticism of lnbor lenders, too,
seems hardly fnir at times. Personally
I would be greatly pleased if we had
half n dozen, mon like Parker Williams
in the labor movement. He tried to do
something for In.-iu*, instead of peddling
hot air. It rather surprised us that you
are supporting Jim Hawthornthwaite}
guess he'll get it in thc neck later on,
as he is too far nwny from tho Lnbor
Temple. We think that tho Trades nnd
Lnbor council is travelling in tho right
direction, in deciding to run n Lubor
candidato at the bye-election, and endorsed by tho lnbor unions, and we hope
thnt the B. C. Federation of Labor referendum will bo overwhelmingly in
favor of similnr action throughout the
province. Perhaps wo woro on the
wrong track when we ran socialist candidates, but it was not all-lost energy
anyway. Bcnlly it did seem inconsistent, as socialism is only educative. Fabianism in Britain seems to accomplish
vory much and quietly. I suppose I
should not mention the old sod to you,
ns it is liko showing a red rag to a bull.
Sny, old man, did you ever find any
good in the old country labor movement? As I am so much nt variance
with yoa about the war, it is useless
commenting on it.    .
Your alien political enemy,
Now Denver, B. C,
Mnrch 28, 1917.
The American Internationalcorporn-
tion has been organised with a cnpital
of fifty million dollars for overseas
trade and financing. It is financed nnd
officored by Standard Oil and Morgan
intorestB. It is the American expression
of the big exploiting banks of England,
Germany and France. Tlie officers of
this corporation aro boldly insisting that
this country nust enter tho Holds which
thoy havo laid out for it, that tho adverse decision of President Wilson in
the Chinese five power loan must bo
abandoned and that America must* stand
bnck of those exploiting and investing
interests in their overseas activities.—
Frcdoric C. Howe in The Public.
Officers Are -Installed By Organizer Rob-
ison ,on Tuesday Night,
The organization meetings which
recently boen held by tho Brotherhood
of Carpenters in North Vnncouver, culminated' on Tuesday evening in the in-
Btituption of Local 1777 of the union on
tho north shore of the inlet. The officers were installed by Org. Bobison.
The locaL Btarts out with thirty charter
membera, and excellent prospecta for
the future. The next mooting will be
held on April 16, and thereafter the
meeting nights will be the first and
third Mondaya of each month. The
meetings will be held in tho K. of P.
hall, Fourth street, near Lonsdale Avo.
The nnnual convontion of the Weat-
ern Canada conference of Typographical
unions will be hold on May 24, 25 and
26, at Calgary. It is confidently expected thnt members of the I. T. U.
^executive will attond this year'B con-
1 vention. President Scott has beon unable so far to stato definitely whether
ho can attond. Should ho fail, Vice-
president Barrett will probably come in
Mb place,
A Hint to Some Union Oard Men.
An Irishman, while passing through a
graveyard, saw thoBe words on a tomb-
stono, "I still live." Pat looked for a
moment, and then Baid: "Bo jabers, if
I wore dead I 'd own up to it.''
Vancouver's Typo. Scale at Los Angeles
Typographical union1 No. 174 of Los
Angoles, Cal., has signed n two-year
ngreement with newspaper publishers in
thnt city. Rates for day work will be
$5 and for inght work $5.50. Each shift
will consist of 1_ hours. The union attempted to sec-aro a straight 7-hour day.
The agreement dates from .the first of
the year and back pay will be paid because of the longthy conferences, which
continued for over ten weeks.
Labor Official Is Expelled.
William E. Underwood, of Detroit,
for years one of the most active labor
officials in thnt city, has been expelled from the ranks of organized
labor by a unnnimous voto of the
Machinists' local, with which ho was
connected. The union decided, in view
of Underwood's prominence in the
labor movement, to mako tho fact
of his expulsion known throughout
Behind the Drums of Revolution.
In Mexico the Secretary of State and
other State officers and Judges of the
Supreme Bench, men educatod in Fnris
and Berlin, nre Btrongly in favor of the
nationalization of industries, government ownership, and other revolutionary measures. The ministor of justice
informed the magistrates taking oath
that "we are condemning and rejecting all that has previously taken place,
and that there exists no lnws or regulations which bind us to any definito procedure, nnd that it becomes necossnry
to apply a strictly revolutionary spirit
in order thnt thc administration of justice may fulfil tho aspirations of the
Revolution. Lately Carranza has ro-
ceded from this position and tho Pan-
American Federation of LaDor is protesting.—John Murray in "The Survey. ''
The Matter of the Eight Hour Day.
Mathematically, if a man can dig 3
feet of trench in one hour, in eight
hours he can dig 8 x 3, or 24 feet, and
in ten hours 30 feet. But the old arithmetic never included the toxin of fatigue iu its reckoning. Whon tho pois-
oniug of chronic exhaustion, and the
inspiration of recrention and prosperity
are added to the terms of the agreement, it works out in this way. In
February, 1913, 16,000 mon working
ten hours, produced 16,000. Ford cars.
In February, 1914, 15,800 men working
eight hours produced 26,000 Ford cars.
And these results have been reproduced
in many other factories. Apart from the
efficiency aspect tho public has another
intorest. A democracy depends for
its welfare upon the intelligence of its
citizens. How can a man vote wisely
if he has not time to read and discuss
the questions of the day? Moreover,
chronic fatigue implies not only ignorance in this generation but degeneracy in the next. Life is more than
work. Work performed by tired men
is costly to socioty.—Mary Alden Hopkins in "Tho Century."
"Language wns invented to conceal
thought," said a wise old buw.
Hotel Canada
618 Bichards Street
(Near Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
476 Oranvllle Street (downstairs)
quick' SERVICE
Spend Your
Money to
Your dollars are too valuable in these times to risk them in the
purchase of shoddy Shoes, made expressly for "sale" purposes,
by unknown makers.
Such Shoes have no place in this Btore.
We handle brands of known merit only—SHOES we are
proud to identify our name with.
All prices from $4.00 to $10.
VICTORIA, B. O.i 618 View Street.  Phone, 1269.  Greonholises and Nursery, Esquimau Road,   l'hono 219.
HAMMOND, B. C: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. R.   Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Cut Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Muin Storo and Registered Office:  VANCOUVER, B. C.
4S Hustings Street EuBt.   Phones, Soymour 988*672.
Branch Store, Vnncouver—728 Granvillo Stroet.   Phono Soymour 9y3
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
327 Seymoar St.
Phone Seymour 163
If lt Is not call up the
or drop a card to our office, 90S Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
Opposite Labor Tempi*
Headquarters for Labor men.    Ratea
75c and  $1.00 per day.
93.50 per week and up.
Oaf* at Reasonable Rates.
See m and un money.
The Jarvii Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Bichards Street
Ask for
For sale, bottled, at all Liquor Stores; for sale, on draught,
AT ALL HOTELS.    Rich, Creamy and Malty.    Health and
vigor in every drop.
Vancopver Breweries Limited
—/Za_C yotv tb "Ow^s


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