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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 16, 1917

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Government Threatens
Disclose Price-fixing
B. T. Rogers Rushes to Defense with Explanations
That Don't Explain
OTTAWA PRESS dispatches of last
Sunday intimate that there is the
possibility of the government disclosing to the public gaze the methods
whereby, operating behind the scenes,
the B. C. Sugar Refinery controls with
an iron hand the price of the commodity in which it deals. Readers of The
Federationist, who have for many years
been compelled to pay for their sugar
just whatever price B. T. Rogers, the
unerowned Sugar King of British Columbia, saw fit to declare (although
they could not 'understand its up's and
downs, or see why sugar from the Van*
couver refinery was often transported
,; to the prairie provinces and sold at less
than the price prevailing on the coaBt)
will follow any such revelation with
great interest.
The Ottawa advices appeared somewhat rude to Hr. Rogers, as they intimate that Mr/F. O'Connor, K. C., the
Dominion cost of living commissioner]
intends to take action1 against the concern on the charge of criminal conspiracy. The grounds of action are said to
be the admitted practice of the sugar
refinery in giving certain discounts to
jobbers and wholesalers who maintain
the list prices for sugar fixed by the
concern, the jobbers also agreeing not
to handle sugar from any other refinery
and also to sell only on terms of credit
dictated by the refinery. A reading of
this chain shows at a glance that it covers a system whereby the refinery absolutely and completely controls tbe
sugar business of the province from the
refinery to the consumer.
hundreds W carloafolnto the, prairies
at prices iwMch willneat tolftptner fellow '' it irea-Ss. The coast' public will
hardly ciredfc Mr.1'(Rogerj'-.^i|h selling
his produe■PoelowycoBtjgrfiJwhen thiB
statementt-is read, yvilY tyfymer what, if
sugar couu be ttffcjifeutrted to. the
prairies anft^oldjffi^efla than coast
priceB, the rerfrory^returnB on its British Columbia businesa were just at
that time.
Prairie Towns Given Advantage.
Questioned as to why British Columbia consumers should not be given the
advantage of sugar at low rates instead
of taking bargain offerings to the
prairiea, Mr* Rogers' only reply waB
that such action would not increase,
consumption—a reply which la hardly!
satisfying to the local consumer.
Owing to the limitations of space,
but brief reference can this week be
made to the discussion dealing with the
local BUgar refinery and its methods.
Sufficient haB been said, however, to
amply prove that a thorough government investigation of tne methods of
the concern would be a good move, and
receive the hearty approval of the general public.
Executive Discuss Subjects
Referred to It By the
Wbat Does tbe Consumer Bar?
Following the Ottawa declaration, extended interviews have appeared in the
coast dailies from Mr. Rogers, wholesale merchants and retail grocers, all of
which defend the practice of the refinery in fixing and controlling tbe price
of sugar. The Ust of those interviewed
does not, however, include the consumer
of the product—the, unfortunate who
must finally pay the bill, anyhow.
Speaking for this cluss of the great
general public, The Federationist would.
express the view that the dictation of
a fixed prico for an article of such common use as sugar by a concern which
enjoys a practical monopoly of a field
is opposed to all the laws of reason and
justice, and that Ottawa is taking a
long Btep in tho right direction by pro*
mising an investigation of the "price
ti fixing" activities of the B. C. Sugar
The interviews given by Mr. Rogers
to the press in connection with the
matter are of such a nature as to lead
the unthinking public to believe that
the Sugar King is a veritable angel in
disguise, before whom the residents of
British Columbia should come on
bended knee, offering thnnks for being
given the opportunity to buy Rogers'
sugar according to Rogers' method ond
at Rogers' price. Unfortunately for
Mr. Rogers the man on tbe street refuses to be gulled by Buch a line of talk,
and a real investigation of the methods
Jtollowed by his refinery will receive
•cmtrty public approval.
Is a Fixed Price Legal?
Mr, Rogers declares that his action in
establishing a price at which his sugar
shall be sold in the open market, the
violation of which means the jobber
being penalized by losing hiB discount,
is perfectly legal and sanctioned by
the courts. Before mnking this statement, however, he evidently neglected
to interview the government as Ottawa
dlspatohos of Monday note thut, at the
instance of the authorities, an eastern
hat wholesaler had to send out Borne
six hundred letters to his customers notifying them that they were not compelled to regard a trade agreement covering tho prico nt which tho hntB were
to be offered.
It Ib claimed by Mr. Rogers that he
savod tho day for ihe sugar supply of
n-tti.t. t*m\..-I\.t- j■-'- - •"        a    ■
Org. McCallum of Machinists' Union Has Successful Trip
Legislative Committee Meet
Provincial Authorities
Next Week
Local  With  Over  Thirty
Men Is Organized
At Trail
Tternational Machinists' union,
HE POPULAR organizer for the In-
"Dune" McCallum, who is now stationed on the coast, returned on Wednesday
from a two weeks' trip through the interior of the province, during which he
did effective work for bis organization.
At Kamloops Mr. McCallum met the
men employed in the Canadian* Northern shops, who have a number of grievances which they desire remedied.
After discussing the subjects and securing tbe viewpoint of the employees,
arrangements were made to submit the
questions to the higher officials of the
After toking in the Federation con*
vention at Revelstoke,'' Dune'' started
for Nelson, ond during hiB trip down
the Arrow Lake, got a taste of travelling in the interior in winter, his steamer being caught in the ice, necessitating
.the floutinuattoii of his trip by a series
of short railway runB, and with so many
transfers that he really forgets how he
did get to his destination.
Machinists' Local at Trail;
At Nelson he mot the employees of
the Nelson Iron Works, who recently
framed up an agreement whereby the
men are to work an 8-hour day at the
same daily wage as is now being received for a 9-hour day. This draft waB
presented to the manager of the works,
and there are good prospects of the men
winning their point.
Trail was the objective point of Mr.
McCallum's trip, as it was planned to
cover the organization of the machinists at the point. This work was well
and quickly done, and a local of 30
members instituted. The organization
haB already applied to the Trail Trades
and Labor council for affiliation and,
with the activity now prevailing in the
"smelter town," has excellent prospects bofore it.
Taking a run to Penticton, Mr. McCallum arranged for a meeting ot all
the men connected with the railway
shops. There was a good attendance,
and at the close of the meeting, every
man of the gathering promised to join
tbe union of the craft, with which ho
was connected.
[By A. S. Welltf]
VICTORIA, Feb. 14.—At a meeting
of the executive of the B- C. Federation
of Labor, various matters referred by
the delegates were considered and plans
outlined for carrying out the expressed
desires of the gathering.
On the subject of the Federation entering the political field, the members
of the executive expressed their views
at length. This expression will bo condensed by the secretary into form for a
referendum vote, as directed by the
convention, the draft to be approved
by the executive before being submitted for a membership poll. The referendum call will be issued about March
Following last year's procedure,
speciul committee wbb appointed to
watch the intereats of the workers in
connection with the Workmen's Compensation Act, it being evident that the
casualty companies have not yet abandoned hopes of getting in under the act.
The committee consists of J. H. McVety
(chairman), A. S. Wells and W. Yates.
The secretary was instructed to circularize the locals on the subjects on
which such action was advised by the
convention. In accordance with this
direction, all tradeB councils and
unionB will shortly hnve placed before
them a definite plan where each member
of the organization may secure The
Foderntionist at very reasonable rates.
The legislative committee will take
up the various matterB dealt with at
the convention, on which action or regulation by the provincial authorities
was requested, at a conference with
the government which will be arranged
for some time next week.
The executive considered many subjects of a routine nature and generally
outlined plans for an aggressive year's
Labor needs publicity—in fact
must bave it if it is to stand up
against the forcer arrayed in op-
. position to it. It must be
effective publicity. Today practically every source of publicity
is in the hands of corporations or
organized capital. The news of
Labor's struggle is submerged,
distorted, filled with treacherous
half-truths. So far as British
Columbia is concerned, The Federationist is forging a weapon to
fight that condition. At the recent Revelstoke convention of
B. F. Federation of Labor steps
were taken to Increase the circulation of this paper. It is a good
beginning. But only tbe hearty
co-operation of affiliated 'unions
can keep it going. It is possible
that soon the executive of the
Federation may submit a proposal to the membership to provide
for a copy of The Federationist
being mailed to every trade
unionist in the province every
week, which would mean a circulation of well over 20,000. That
would make the utilization of a
web press possible, and thus reduce the relative cost of production considerably. The question
should be given careful and earnest consideration, as it will
moan much to organized labor. It
ia doubtful if wage-workers fully
realize and appreciate the close
relationship between publicity
and their meal tickets. As one
writer puts it:,
'.'It hate to be a kicker—
It doesn't make for peace;
But   the   wheel   that   doeB   tbe
Is  tbe  wheel  that  gets  the
(In Vaneoaver V
City 12.00 /
11.60 PER YEAR
New Union Has Hundred Per Oent.
Strength in the Olty.
The Machinists' union of Prince
Rupert is starting out well, the men
having already secured an organization
of 100 per cent., strength in the city,
with applications constantly coming in
from points along.the railway.
At a recent meeting of the organization, the following officers were elected;
President, J. T. Rose; vice-president,
D. Ross; financial secretary, Geo. Wad-
dell; recording aecretury, C. A. Senecnl;
The fortune-teller's dupe could easily  treasurer, C. W. Poole; conductor, E. V.
be caught read-handed. Anderson; sentinel, A. B. Storrie.
Consumers Are Not at Mercy of Private Monopoly—Full
Protection Given By Fixing of Fair .Sale Price—
Refiners Merely Act As Government Agents
READERS OF The Federationist will read with keen interest (in
1 view of the proposed.government investigation of the methods
followed by the B. O. Sugar Refinery), a description of the methods followed by the Australian Labor government for the war-time
regulation of the price of sugar, which has juat been forwarded by
its Australian special correspondent, Mr. W. Francis Ahern. It will
be noted that, instead of wasting time by going through the interminable "red tape" of government investigation, as is proposed in Canada, the Australian government promptly freed both the consumer of
sugar and the growers of cane from the iron grasp of private monopoly, which is responsible only to its stockholders.
The Australian government promptly nationalized the sugar industry and, through the Sugar Acquisition Act, took over the entire supply in the country at a time when record shipments were about to be
exported. Then the government established a fixed price for refined
sugar, and a standard price for sugar cane. In this way the authorities gained control of the business, the private company acting as an
agent. Mr. Ahern states that even those who opposed the nationalization of the sugar industry, now admit that the emergeney methods
adopted have already placed, during war times, the sugar business
on a sound basis. He confidently predicts that after the war, the industry will not be allowed to drift back into the hands of private
monopoly, and that the government control and price fixing for the
sugar business has come to stay in Australia.
The Sitaution ln AustraUa.
SYDNEY, N. 8. W., Jan. 10.-(8pe-
clal Correspondence to The Federationist.)—Many economic problems faced
Australia when the war came upon us,
threatening a serious shortage of the
food supplies to the people. Exploitation grew rife in the country, and every
week made it more difficult for the
bread-winner to resist the inroads on
his income. The supply of sugar needed drastic attention, yet there was
never a commodity presenting difficulties so complicated.
For many yearB now, sugar growing
in Australia has been a highly protected industry, local prices ranking at
least 26s per ton of refined sugar above
the world parity. This extra amount of
money waB paid by the consumer here
in order that the sugar industry may be
allowed to live in Australia, and to be
worked by white labor. The States of
Queensland and New South Wales benefited most under this arrangement, for
sugar growing is confined to these two
states, comprising the northeastern corner of Australia. That price was cheerfully paid, and we considered that at
that price the guaranteed purity of our
Australian race was cheaply bought.
But for the Allen Restriction Act, the
sugar growers could have produced
sugar by colored labor cheaper than we
are getting it today." And without the
If the workers were buying fewer
limosines for the job-owners, they might
at IcaBt indulge in u jitney of their
A careful perusal of the Union Advocate, published at Newcastle, N. B.,
reveals almost everything save the advocacy of union among wage-workers.
Curiosity compels one to wonder where |
and how it come by the name.
If conscription does come in Canada,
surely its advocates will be the first to
be called by tbe state.
Next to R. B. Bennett's colossal joke,
National Service, comes the B. C. government 's "no patronage'' system.
Anything to amuse the mob!
British Columbia during tho early days
of the war by serving notice that no
would not sell sugar to concerns which
resold to concerns in the Stntes, where
the prico wob then higher than the
local price. Had it not Deon for the
arrangement he has with the jobbers,
tbis "patriotic action" he sayB, would
have been impossible. All of whieh
sounds very well, but overlooks entirely the powor of the government to prohibit the export of commodities in case
of need, an action which the government of Australia took in the case of
sugar, aB noted In another column of
this issue. The action of Mr. Rogers in
this instance probably only saved him
from some rude interference at the
hands of the government.
Competitive Market Is Wrong.
That Mr. Rogers Is nor a believer in
the open und competitive market (except whon it comes to buying cane, the
purchase of supplios or the employment
of labor or anything which means the
expenditure of Rogers' money), is
shown by his statement that the whole
sugar buBineBB would go to tho bowwows if it was not for his price-fixing
methodB, At great length he explains
how this protects the jobber and merchant, , although he carefully avoids
stating how It also protects his own
interests. As far as protecting the consumer— tho man who "pays the
freight"—is concerned, Mr. Rogers|
naturally has nothing to say.
Admission is mado in the sugar refln-
i ery statements that in sections of the
prairie provinces where it is compelled
to moot competition, sugar from the
Vancouver refinery, is often sold at a
1 considerably lower price than prevails
,'on tho coast. "Sometimes, in order to
set rid of Our product and keep the
Outlook Said to Be Good for Amicable
Adjustment of Open
On Tuesday ovoning a committee of
the retail merchants met representatives of the clerks, and held a conference at which tho entire question of
working conditions was generally discussed. The meeting was purely informal, nnd intended to givo both sides an
opportunity for an expression of personal viows. It is understood that the
meoting indicated that thoro is a good
possibility of amicable ' arrangements
being made whereby the questions now
at issue will be satisfactorily settled.
What on earth has become of Sammy
Slanders' weekly, recently published at
. Hamilton, Ont.?  Can it be that Samuel
No   wage-worker  ean  secure  a job  has done oven more than don khaki-
from an employer unless he can earn his I for-recruiting-onlyf
own wages—and a little more.   What-; —;—r
ever "more" he earns above his wages.    The real  estate boom  having com-
iB the price he pays for the privilege of  pletely collapsed in British Columbia,
earning his own wages and boarding the next method of securing easy money
himself.   Some National Service that I
How about a little National Service
in the sugar industry? If the governmont had the sagacity or sincerity of a
gopher, it wojld make short s^ift of B.
T. Rogers' gamo of graft by immediate-
is to be a few wildcat mining schemes.
Simply tbe desire of the British Columbia brand of patriot to earn an honest
dollar or two.
Delegate Thompson, who represented
Prince Rupert at the Revelstoke con-
ly commandeering the whole works, to: vention of tho a qi of L    returnod
be operated hereafter In the public in- north determined to add every local
terests. But what can one expect from | union in the Northern Terminal City to
men like R. B. Benn«tt, who is himself j affiliation with the Federation.   In this
It iB still impossible to secure _
'union-made suit of ready-to-wear
clothes in Vancouver. Here is a glorious opportunity for some live clothing
If the federal government wants to
find out how really rotten it iB, in the
opinion of the electorate, let it substitute a general election in lieu of legislatively extending ita own incompetent
fbounty of 25s per ton, the sugar grow*
• ers could have imported sugar cheaper
than that grown in Australia from the
islands of black labor in the Pacific.
Thus the bounty compelled tbe growers
to produce sugar in Australia By white
labor, and the Alien Act prevented
their getting colored labor into Australia to produce the sugar at low wages,
to the detriment of Australian workers.
War Upsets OM Conditions.
But the war dislocated the world
price of sugar ,and sent it soaring to
the clouds, consequent to Germany and
Austria—both great sugar producing
centres—being unable to get their products away to the outside worid. The
war also hampered the sugar export
trade from other countries. One would
have thought that as the Australian
government had protected the sugar industry of its own country, no attempt
would be made to profit by the war, as
far as Australia was concerned. Unfortunately, capitalists are not made
that way, not even in Australia,
Instead of the Australian price being
25b above the world parity, very soon
the world parity was above the Australian price. And if Australia allowed it,
the Australian sugar growers, by exporting, could have made fortunes out
of the crops that Australian consumers
had protected for their own use. Australian stocks would ran low and we,
in turn, would have to pay increased
prices for sugar.
The Australian government acted
only, in time—when record shipments
were actually on the way to the steamers to be exported out of the country.
In one second, figuratively Bpeaking,
every ounce of sugar was arrested in
Australia and became government
Many Difficulties to Overcome.
Trades and Labor CouncU
Protest Against Fruit
Growers1 Plans
Employing: Enemy Aliens
in Mining Campa
But there were difficulties in the way.
The sugar business of Australia is
Contractors  Have  Been  Notified   of
Standard Wage of $4.00
After May 1.
At a meeting of the Carpenters
union on Monday evening, good reports
wero presented on the campaign which
is being carried on for the establishment of an advanced wage scale on
May I, All tho contractors in the city
hnve been circularized ob to the declaration of a rate of $4 per day after that
date, thiB scale taking the place of the
rato of $3.(10 which now prevails for
the trade, although the rate has never
been accepted as a standard by the
local. It was stated that hardly any of
tho contractors who had been interviewed had objeetod to the new rate,
and that the indications were that it
would be accepted.
The question of Saturday afternoon
work, which was a live issue last fall,
is said to have been settled in a manner
satisfactory to the workers.
With reference to the amount of
work in sight for the season, it was reported that there is considerable repair
work being done, and the general conditions promised greater activity than
was th cease last year.
Many street accidents could be pre-
.__       r  —vented by the provision of municipal
wheels moving here, wo have to send skating rinks and coasting slides.
a direct beneficiary in the sale and manufacture of war suppliesf
The Federationist is advised that
some of the local stores have already
given their clerkB a small increuso in
"salary." We would not suggest that
tho recent formation of a union had
anything to do with it. But if that
much can be accomplished by the clerks
holding nn organization meeting or two,
what will be the result when tne union
gets going 100 percent, strong?
Few are tho complaints contained in;
letters from British Columbia in the
war zone, by tho timo thoy reach Vancouver. By tho appearance of some letters, the censor is on the job. But even
nt that, somehow or other tho idea is
there. And old-time prospectors and
lumberjacks of the Rockies are not
givon much to whimpering cither. Some
new name will havo to be found for
war. "Hell" is altogether too tamo
and inexpressive. If the war keeps on,
it will be a blessed relief to quit paying
tribute to the trusts and go tb hell.
"Hope springs eternal. * * "
The Pacific Canadian, a small weekly
paper, published at New Westminster,
by Geo. Kennedy, thinks now that the I
Liberal government U In power at Victoria, the filthy condition of British Columbia logging camps will be remedied,
nnd thuB it may be possible to prevent
white loggers'and woodsmen leaving
tho country, preferring evon trench-life
to remaining in the pest-houses so numerous in this province. If the govornment would make a start on real National Service by establishing a model
modern sawmill on Burrard inlet, equipping it with the laBt word in everything needed for export trnde, it probably would have a wholesome offect
upon the timber industry. After that
the government might try opening a;
conl mine and then turn Premier Brew-1
ster'a cannery into a stata-owned and
operated concern. "Company" or corporation-owned towns are tho curse of
British Columbia, and breed much more
than unsanitary bunk-houses. The appointment of an industrial commission,
with ample power to moke a start along
the lines above suggested, is the only
remedy in sight. The legislature meets
in tbe course of a week or two. Will
the government rise to the occasion?
laudable work The Federationist feels
confident he will be ably assisted by
Sid. Macdonald, the Typo, president of
Prince Rupert Trades and Labor council.
Both wage-workers and employers
should be patient with tho now provincial Workmen's Compensation Aet
board. Necessarily it will take a little
time to get things running smoothly.
Many adjustments, as to rates, etc.,
will have to he made. But trado unionists should rcmembor that the principle
of stute insurance is on trial. It must
BUcceed if given a fair and square deul.
Burt R. Campbell, of Vernon, was thc
only Typo, union delogate at the recent
B. C. F. of L. convention. Such a showing is very unusual, as tho Typos; uro
generally well represented at Lubor
conventions, both through their own organizations and central labor bodies.
We trust thero is no connection between this circumstance and tho fact
that Vancouver Typos, havo just authorized the expenditure of $130 in improving a Mountain View cemetery
By the way: Was there some mention
made of the Vancouver Labor Temple
at the Toronto convention of tho Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada? The
Federationist has no desire to rush tbe
executive council, but a roport prior to
the next convention would at least be
in order.
Trade unionists who work at It
should pay strict attention to the young
people. Remember that the thoughts
of today are the realities of tomorrow.
If too mentally lazy to spend a little
timo educating your acquaintances, try
sending thom a copy of Tho Federationist each week.   Then watch results.
So long as the big employers and old-
party political skates can keep the
minds of the workers fixed on hating j
Orientals, rather than tho interests .responsible for tlieir bei
problem in British
main unsettled, bocuuso thi
will remain divided. Tho adoption by
tho state of a little National Service, in
 „ v_ .mntruiia is very
complicated, since each Australian state
fixed its own price. And so it was not
long before the growers were dissatisfied witb the prices fixed. They Baid
the sugar trust was not treating tbem
fairly, while the trust said the government was to blame in its price-fixing,
nnd so got rid of the blame that way,
The sugar trust suid the price was
fixed on a wrong calculation. The crop
of 1913 had been the best ever, not only
for Australia, but for the whole world.
Australia had grown enough for its requirements but, owing to ths world's
surplus, some 70,000 tons was olso imported to Australia, with the result
that Australian prices declined. Thus
a delicate position had to be dealt with,
and this could only be solved by the
federal and state governments acting
One feature of the whole business Is
that the sugar trust—which is .the Colonial Sugar company—haB no competitors in Australia worthy of the name,
so that once legislation waB made it
would bo easy to put into operation,
AT ITS meeting last evening, the
Vancouver Trades and Labor council went on record as strongly opposed
to the proposal of tbe B. C. Fruit Growers ' association for the abolition of the
Chinese head tax, and the removal af
the barriers on the importation of white
labor from outside points. The president and secretary were directed to
draft a suitable resolution on the subject and present it to the proper authorities.
There waa considerable discussion on
tbe subject, some delegates stating that
it was useless to pass resolution!
against the Chinese influx, while othen
said the best way to open the eyes of
the employers who advocated the unrestricted influx of Chinese was for labor
to get at work and organize them. Witfc
reference to the fruit growers, it was
pointed out that while they wanted the
Chinese as laborers, they formally declared their opposition to tbem obtaining leasehold or freehold rights. In
other words, they wanted to create unfair competition in the field of labor,
but |rere unwilling to consider the entrance of the same class as competitors
to them.
President McVety said that it bad
recently been stated in the Dominion
house that it was proposed to amend
the immigration act so as to provide for
Chinese students coming into Canada
without an interim payment of the head
tax. Delegate Trotter said Chinese students might possibly view sewer digging and kindred work as educational.
Employment of Enemy Aliens.
A letter will bo sent to the Dominion
authorities pointing out that at tba
Trail smelter soldiers were guarding
the plant for #1.10 per day. while enemy
alieos working in the smelter they protected were getting $4 to $6 per day.
Along tbe same line it was stated that
the activity of labor had resulted in
disclosing in the courts the fact that
enemy aliens were being employed at
the Britannia mines. As the management had denied this fact, the secretary waa instructed to forward them a
copy of a London publication calling
upou classes..now, working there to enlist under tho Austro-Hungarian flag.
The council will request the provincial authorities to have the central office of the Workmen's Compensation
board located in Vancouver, such location being tbe best suited for prompt
and convenient transaction of its busi-
all that that term implies, would soon
solve what   is   termed   the "Oriontal
SUNDAY, Feb. 18—
MONDAY, Feb. 19—Boilermakers; Electrical Workers; Tailors' Executive.
TUESDAY, Fob. 20—Amal. Carpenters; Bookbinders; Railway
WEDNESDAY, Feb. ,21—Plasterers; Brewery Workers.
THURSDAY, Feb. 22—Shipwrights and Caulkers; Machinists; Milk Wagon Drivers.
FRIDAY, Feb. 23—
SATURDAY, Feb. 24—
problem."    How  many  Orientals  are
employed on any government works nt
The big fishing season opens on the
mighty Fraser river and along Pacific
coast points next weok. As usual the
profits of the induBtry will uccrue to
the corporations owning tbe cannerios,
The fishermen, Oriontal and otherwise,
will receive enough while catching tho
fish to feed them and buy overalls. Tho
cannery owners, Old Country nnd
United States capitalists, will continue
to pull down practically all the benefits
of this wonderful British Columbia natural resource. About the only National
Servico wo may expect from the government is that cheap man-power be provided for the profiteers. This, coupled
with a free government hatchery,
Bhould satisfy even the kind of patriots
which infest Western Canada.
The Machinists' union in Detroit has
just uncovered a private dctcctivo
agency operator or two, masquerading
within the union, ono of whom had
worked himsolf into tho position .of
vice-president of the central labor body.
Tho discovery caused quito a sensation
in Michigan Labor circles. But when
one considers it is tho proud boust of
many of these infernal agencies that
they hnvo "operators" In nearly all
tho unionB of Araericn, it might just be
ns well to keep an eye on unions closer
home. Unfortunately tho species of
traitor Is merely driven out of the town
involved, to reappear in similar rolo in
other parts. Even in Vancouver it is
amazing how Boon some employors got
to know what goes on at certain union
meetings. The Detroit spy in question
was one wbo nover tired of criticizing
"the clique" round tho Labor Tomplo,
He has some prototypes in British Columbia.   Keep cases on him.
For, even if there are other sugar grow-
, lam iutvraaui /«■  ors thnn thoso of tho sugar trust, their
na bere, tho labor  product must go through tho hands of
kilumbia will re- the trust, since it held tho road of dis-
workors  trihutton, and all purchasers hnd to buy
from it.
Sugar Industry Fully Nationalized.
And so the stato and fedoral governments docided to nationalize the industry.   And tho big task was dono *■■ —
o   "»o uvua in nn
extraordinarily simple manner, The
sugar trust was turned into an agent
for the government. First of all, nil
sugnr was seized under the Sugar Acquisition Act, Thon a price was fixed
for buying raw sugar, and a sale price
wus fixed for refined sugar. Thus, hemmed In on ull sides, the sugar trust was
turned into an instrument for protecting the growers on the ono hand, and
the consumers on the other. And, under
theso arrangements, thero can bo no
more unfair dealing, either with tlio,
growers or the sugar consumers. Even
those opposed to tho government interfering with tho prico of sugur, admit today that it has done more to place the
sugar Industry on a sound basis than
has ever been done beforo. This bo-
cause for tho first time in Austrnlian
history, thc industry hns boen freed
from tho iron autocracy of a privato
monopoly which was responsible to no
one but its own shareholders.
In addition to this, the government
appointed cano price boards, which
fixed tho price of tho cano as between
the growers and the mills. Each district had its own price board, ond above
these a central board was nppointed to
hear appeals. These boards woro elected on most democratic linos and, once
their ruling was arrived at, it stood.
Consumer Protected By Action.
Thus the labor government of Australia liberated tho sugar industry, and
protected alike tho wholo of the consumers Of tho country from being
forced to pay famino prices for their
sugar at a timo whon sugar wus plentiful in Australia. It is true that at the
presont timo tho growers of Australia
nro recolving less than the outside
world prico for sugar, but it must be
received above the outside world price.
Delegates Bartley aud Miss Outterldge were appointed to do preliminary
work in connection with tbe approaching visit of an organizer of the Broom
Makers' union to the coast.
Under reports from unions tbe Moving Picture Operators' union expressed
thanks to President McVety for assisting them in their recent protest to the
city council, and reported in favor of
the increased per capita tax for the
council. The Carpenters' union reported tbat their campaign for better treatment was going along well. The Moulders' union Baid tbat the 'union men
were still out for an 8-hour day, and
believed they would win out. For the
Retail Clerks' union, it was stated that
within a few weeks it was expected
that tho announcement of a well-organized local could be made.
Council WIU Support Carpenten.
Tho Carpenters' union reported that
the Olqbe Contracting Co. was working
on tho alterations for the proposed public market at Main and Hastings streets
and wero mploying carpenters at $3.25
per day of nine hours. Tho council
was asked to appoint a committee to
intorview the contractors and owner of
the building, und endeuvor to have the
work done on a union basis. Failing in
this, the committee was to be empowered to take such uction as was advisable
and in accordance with the advice of
the council's solicitor for domonstrat-
(Continued ou page 3)
Advantages of Trades Union Connections Is Now Being Better
At tho meoting of tbo exocutive of
thu Retail Clerks' union on Tuesday
evening it was reported thut satisfactory progress wus boing made on organization work, Tho officials reported
that npplictions for membership were
constantly being received, nnd thnt the
advantages of trades union connections
were now being better understood by
tho clerks.
..Nationalization of Coal Mines,
Press cables Btate that tho conl mines
of Oreat Britain are to be nationalized
during the period of tho war, ami that
thc government will shortly take control of the industry. They will bc operated us a now department, whicli
comes under the supervision of tho president of the board of trado.
And the growers cannot oxpect to have
it all their own way. Bat there is this
ono grand fact that must not be lost
sight of. For the first time in thoir history tho growers of cane in Australia
are sure of a fixed price for their product, and are not depending on market
rigging for their cut of the sugar industry.
As is the caso in the wheat and wool
Industries, it is reasonably certain to
say that nevor will tbo sugar industry
be allowed to go back into the old
channels of private enterprise, that obtained prior to the outbreak of the war.
Oovernment price-fixing has come to
stay in Australia. PAGi*1
Asaets  $73,000,000
Deposits   54,000,000
Household Banking
in Tho Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Interest ia
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid-up capital    5,000,000
Beserve Fund    6,500,000
Comer Hastings ud Gamble Sta.
Broadway Theatre
Corner Main Ml Broadway
Feb,. 19, 20, 81
"The Reward of Patience"
Thursday, Friday and Saturday,
.    "The Woman ln the Case"
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   ud
Heavy Hardware; screen doon
ud wladowi.
1337 MAIN St. Phona: Fair. MT
Out-of-town Union Mon who visit
Vucouver ihould pay a vlilt to
Perry & Dolk
Tht Labor Temple
Union Tailors
Pick out a spring suit and get it
properly made, union-made, combined with right treatment.
Talk INTO the Telephone
Telephone pltnti are designed to
enable the telephone user to talk with
eue, The best remits ere obtained
when tbe lips are Terr close to the
telephone. It the telephone company
designed lti plant to permit of everyone speaking with tbeir lip§ from six
to eight inches away from the tele-
Shone, the cost would be more than
oabled. Undtr such conditions, longdistance talking would be Impossible.
Besides, the greater cost of the investment would necessarily be met by the
telephone-using publie.
Thi telephone Is made to be talked
Into, not to be talked at.
Tour Fruit Treea, Shrubs, Rons,
etc., from
1493 Seventh An. West, Vancouver,
Satisfaction guarantied. Descriptive
catalogue FBSB. Handsome promlnm
la plants fer list ef prospective plan-
Bailable ..teamen wanted in B. O.
and Middle Weet provinces. Oet onr
attractive proposition.   Write today.
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver./
We Will Make Terms to*
.    Suit You
Come in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture in
British Columbia.
Refined Service
One Blook weat of Court Houee.
Uae of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Sermon MM
Published every Friday morning by the B. O.
Federationist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettlplece Manager
Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
spinal column In ita back. For tic
good Lord full well knows that we of
this generation have neither. And yet
that Granby report is a most interesting
one. The master'a gain and the slave's
gaflibility are eloquently set forth in it.
It could not be better.
FBIDAT. February 16, 1917
Subscription!   11.50 por year;   in Vancouver
City,  12.00;  to unions subscribing
In a body, Sl.00
New Westminster..... W. Yates. Box 1021
Prince Rupert 8. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria _ A. 8. Wells. Box   1538
Field Circulation Booster Goo. F.  Stirling
'Unity of Labor: tho Hopo of tbo World"
FBIDAT February 18, 1917
ONCE MOBE the Granby Consoli*
dated    Mining,    Smelting    and
Power company brings forward
most convincing testimony of the value
of knowing how to make hay while tho
sun of war shiuoB
REPORT gloriously, provided
OF GRANBY        you havo the golden
"EARNINGS."     field and the human
/ sickle with which to
mow it. The Granby is one of tho most
notable of the ' many labor-skinning
concerns that do sumptuously flourish
within the sacred confines of that portion of his majesty's dominions beyond
the seas, commonly known as British
Columbia. Its slave pens at Phoenix,
Grand Forks and Anyox are well-known
to many wage-earning penitents who
have beon condemned for a time at least
to do penance within these shambles
in order to purge their unmerciful stomachs of the terrifying pangs of hunger.
The famo of these various slave pens
has been sproad far and wide by an admiring clientele of sinners, who havo
been sufficiently tough to withstand the
wear and tear of sentence serving within their walls, and that fame is usually
spread in terms that could neither be
used in polite Bociety nor yet expressed
in cold type in the columns of this staid
family journal.
* *      *
An amusing incident is said to have
recently oeourred at Anyox. Anyox is
that Granby'slave pen that is located
upon the "salt chuck" way up the
west coast of British Columbia. It is a
delightful place, according to all accounts. That is, it is especially delightful from the company's standpoint, for
it is there that huge profits are readily
gathered from the exploitation ot human chattels, without even the slightest
danger of those slaves making any un*
due noise about their sufferings. Like
a true oompany town, everything is
owned by the Granby outfit, and no
foot is allowed to press the wharf or
adjacent premises without permission of
the company or ita official boosters and
bouncers. It is related that a certain
doughty warrior, wearing the king's
uniform and bearing as his very own
the cognomen Warden, the aforesaid
cognomen being duly prefixed by the
significantly martial title of colonel,
took occasion to make a recruiting trip
to the aforesaid Anyox for the purpose
of strengthening his majesty's forces
by obtaining bold warriors from among
the Granby slaves foregathered and
herded thereat. And Warden is Indeed
a warrior bold himself, for is he not
the colonel of the famous Warden's
warriors, of whom probably everybody
in Vancouver has heardt Well, Colonel
Wettten, the warrior bold, was not allowed to plant his martial hoof upon
the Anyox wharf, The* king's forces
were not* strengthened aa a result of his
visit, at least not so you could notice it.
The colonel did not even marshal his
'warriors" and storm the battlements,
and bring the disloyal and arrogant
Granby bunch of proflt barons to their
knees. No indeed) he did not, not he,
not the colonel, no siree, nix, not any.
He just merely did not, and that is all
there is to it, up to now. This Incident
merely shows who's who when it comes
down to cases.
* *      *
Well, as to the Granby's business of
Skinning Blaves and successfully hanging their hides upon the right side of
the ledger, it is well enough to let the
company officials sing the song. They
can sing lt with a test that is entirely
lost If the singing be loft to outsiders,
who do not get any of the cream. G,
W. Wooster, treasurer of the eompany,
reported to the shareholders at New
Tork recently, that the company "earned" during the six months ending Dec.
31 last, 42,533,079. Out of this the
company poid dividends amounting to
4600,000, leaving 41,933,079 in the treasury as a surplus for the six months.
This surplus, let it bo noted, is more
than three times as much as was distributed in dividends. If the dividend
declared was equal to that made possible during normal times, then the swag
made possible because of the war, has
been-four times as luge as was forth-
coming in times of peace. In view of
the splendid opportunity thus afforded
by the war to gather in the luscious
profit, it is no wonder that the doughty
Colonel Warden was gently and yot
firmly prohibited from disturbing the
profitable harvest by recruiting for his
majesty's forces within the .privileged
bailiwick. The only wonder Is that
the Granby minions did not throw him
bodily overboard for hiB presumption in
even harboring such a ridiculous idea.
But the swag, the loot. Just let us take a
look at it ourselves and then boastfully
bawl about the Splendid progress the
labor movement Is making in bringing
about improvements in the conditions
of labor. Then take another good loud
bawl about the high eost of living. And
theu for decency's sake, let us go and
throw ourselves bodily overboard, and
make room for a generation that may
possibly have reasoning faculties in its
head,   and   something   resembling   a
A NEWS ITEM in the daily press of
Feb. 12, states that, "eleven
members of the workmon's group
of the Central Military and Industrial
committee of Petrograd have been arrested, charged with
FOMENTING belonging to rovolu-
A LABOB tionary parties and
MOVEMENT. fomenting a labor
movement with the
ultimate aim of-transforming Russia
into a Social-Democratic republic."
This news item appeared under the
caption "Fomenting Trouble." It appears that the move of the Petrograd
workmen does not meet with the approval of oither the Russian government or
that of the dally press of this glorious
capitalist Dominion. And it is a safe
bet that it does not moet with tho approval of the governing authorities of
Groat Britain or any^of her Allies in
the present struggle. It would indicate
a disposition upon the part of at least
a section of the Russian workers to act
along class lines in a manner that
would indeed portend trouble for that
class that lives by the art of ruling and
robbing. This could not bo expected to
bring joy to the hearts of rulers and
swag gatherers in any land, be it a despotic Russia or a democratic Britain or
* ♦      *
But when we read the severe condemnation of German military autocracy by
our alleged great statesmen, and how
their hearts yearn for democracy and
the civilizing uplift that it makes possible, we are at a loss for an explanation of their antagonism towards what
is termed social democracy, which is
but another step, though perhaps a long
one, away from that brutal and conscienceless autocratic rule that has been
the cause of well nigh drowning civilization in a deluge' of blood and gore. It
would logically appear that if democracy, even to the extent that we have it
now in the most advanced nations of
the earth, is desirable and worth fighting for in order that we may retain it,
a still further application of it even to
itB final and complete realization would
be equally worthy of attainment. Such
being the case, he who would be guilty
of placing obstaolea^in the way of that
attainment, would be an enemy of the
human race, and well deserving of reprobation by all who have ths welfare
of human kind at heart. If democracy
be good, and we are told by those high
in authority that such IB the case, then
it must be wholly so. It cannot be
good a part of the way and then become an undesirable and unwholesome
philosophy for the balance of the journey. But it is worthy of note that all
modern states, whether boasting of
their democracy or ruthlessly repressing
it amongst their people, call the halt
upon lt once it threatens to bring class
rule and class robbery to an end. So
long as a capitalist elasB, for instance,
can use it to overthrow its feudal predecessor and seize and hang on to the
reins of power thus attained, democracy
becomes its watchword and battle cry.
But the moment an enslaved working
class attempts to use that democracy
for the purpose of conjuring itself loose
from its chains, domocracy becomes
taboo to the rulers and all of the old
forms of repression are brought forth
from the garret of class rule and again
put into commission for the rape and
repudiation of the very watchword and
slogan by which capitalism rallied itB
supporters -in its straggle for freedom
from feudal rule.
* *      *
Of course, every attempt of the workers to relieve themselves of the exactions of their economic masters by lessening their exploitation or doing away
with it altogether, is to,be properly
classified as "fomenting trouble." It
surely does not mean trouble for the
exploiters, for it is the only sort of
move conceivable that threatens to
bring their thieves game to an end, and
what threatened trouble could be more
terrifying than that! But it is more
than gratifying to know that the spirit
of revolt Is still to be found among the
Russian workmen. A people without
that Is a people without hope, and with*
out promise for the future. A people
still possessed of it Is a people to be
reckoned with in the futuro with its
struggles for human uplift and human
freedom. A working class possessed of
that spirit cannot be forever held in
leash. It will ln the end conquer all
things. And in Russia, as in all othor
lands, it is the salt of the earth, the
hope and the herald of a better day.
zation from its own Ineptitude and constitutional flabbincss.
* *      *
But it haB long sinco transpired that
tho supposed superman was nothing but
nn ordinary braggart, puffed up with
nothing more substantial thnn his own
conceit, and whose chief distinguishing
characteristic consisted of a medieval
savagery and brutal stupidity that his
western neighbors had long sinco outgrown. The German thrust at France,
through Belgium, was the most savage
and inexcusable act of treacherous infamy ever perpetrated by one so-called
civilized state against another. But in
spite of its magnitude and its savage
ferocity, it was boldly challengedjiy
tho Belgians at Liege and broken by
tho French at the Mnrno. From that day
down to the preaent time, tho medieval
savage of mid-Europe has beon a savage
at bay, and being forced each day
noarer to the brink of complete and irretrievable defeat and probable annihilation. And such annihilation need
not necessarily mean the annihilation
of a people, but the annihilation of the
brutal regime of their rulers and mas-
tors, and the moving forward of thoso
ovor whom their banef al rule has been
exercised, to a position at least abreast
of the nations and people who constitute tho advance guard of civilization.
It is a safe prediction that the German
rulers, the most powerful and dangerous
survival of the feudal age, will meet
with their final repudiation by civilization, within the next twelve months,
and the world will be immeasurably
nearer a condition of poace, order and
decency if that repudiation be absolute and complete.
* »      *
And the illusion of German superiority is being thus dispelled. It was a
superiority that only existed in the
minds of superficlalists and enthusiasts
who judge things only from the surface
and from afar^off. It had no foundation in fact. German method was nothing but military method. German organization consisted solely of organization for military purposes. Her boasted
industrial organization sinks to insigni-,
ficance alongside of the efforts of really
civilized industrial states. Although
her westorn neighbors Were caught militarily unawares; that is at a disadvantage from a military standpoint, it is a
matter of common knowledge that their
industrial superiority, their industrial
organization and power, rose to the occasion and soon converted their military disadvantage into an overwhelm*
ing superiority, that is now slowly but
surely throttling the beast that mado
the attack. The superior civilization,
organic, industrial, political, moral and
ethical, is bound to survive in the Strug*
gle. And tbe civilization of western
Europe, as especially typified by
France, is as far in advance of the Teutonic countries, as is the latter in advance of that which existed in the days
when chattel slave empires ruled the
«      *      «
While speaking of industrial efficiency and powerful organization * for
productive purposes, it might be well to
make note of some things that are being done in the United States along this
line, and which are such every day mat*
teVs as to call for nothing more than
casual mention. The United States Steel
Corporation mills have a capacity in
iron and steel production 50 per cent,
greater than the entire German Empire.
Henry Ford, in offering his factories to
the United States government in case
of war, stated that his plant could turn
out 1600 submarines a day, of a special
type, and such changes in the plant.as
would* be required in order to do so,
would be comparatively insignificant.
Bethlehem haB a far greater capacity
than Hrupps. Single powder concerns
in the states have a greater capacity
than all the powder mills of Germany,
And if any further evidence of real
productive power and organization is
required, the great packing plants, the
railways, the Standard Oil Co., the
American Tobacco Co., and a multitude
of similar undertakings might be pro*
fltably studied. It might also be mentioned that the boasted German super*
man is now driven to an American Invention—tho submarine—as a last re*
sort in his desperate struggle to escape
from the clutches of that despised and
decadent civilization that he purposed
to inoculate with his own brand of
"kultur." It is a bad time for illusions. A lot of them are getting busted.
of its deliberations. And all the rest
of the howlers and squawkers against
high prices might just as well shut up
now as later on. Prices are not determined by the machinations of merchants, npr are they influenced either one
way or the other by the coterwnulings
of would-be cheap skates. It will require something more to the point than
■mere vocal racket to understand and
solve the problem of tho cost of living.
And until that something is obtained,
the only decent thing to do is to pay it.
Gompers Bays, "in no other country
on the face of tho globe are tho wage-
earners more respected * and accorded
greater consideration by political parties end governmental officials than in
the United States, where we havo refused to subordinate our economic
movement to any political party." And
then along comes Prof. Scott Noaring
with the assurance "that we have less
democracy in the United Stutes than in
England or possibly Germany. There
is less equality, The United States is
at present a plutocratic oligurchy."
And between those shining lights of
wisdom 'it is difficult to determine
whore tho peoplo of that benighted land
aro at, anyhow.
The curront number of the Amorionn
Fedorationist contains ono of Mr.
Gompers' 'usually hesvy lucubrations,
undor caption of "Labors' Truo Politicnl Policy." This is a subject, by tho
way, in the discussion of which that
erudite authority appears at his vory
bost. p Among his solemn warnings
against labor participating in political
activity upon its own behalf, for tie
purpose of obtaining a position of influence and powor in government that
might bo used to further the material
interests of tbe working class, the distinguished gentleman gets off the following gem: "It is the nature of tho
governmont to concede as little as pos-'
sible to the governed in order to retain
its power and to concentrate its efforts
upon the perpetuation of its control."
According to this it appears to bear a
most striking resemblance to tho Gompers' machine that has long presided
over the dostinies of the A. F. of L.
And we know of no moro complete and
perfect governmental machino than
thnt of which the mighty Gompers is
the head and front.
AT THE OUTBREAK of the war in
Europe, it is safe to say that half
the world felt certain that the
Germans would sweep everything before them and conquer the earth, because of their su*
ILLUSIONS perior virtues and
ABE BEING more oomplete and
DISPELLED, efllcient methods
and organization.
Our ears had been so long and persistently regaled with German boastings
of the superior excellence of the Teutonic brand of "kultur" and of the
marvelous achievements of Teutonic
science and industry, and our own
penny-a-liners and platform gabsters
had so persistently gushed their fulsome
flattery of these wonderful people and
their remarkable doings ln the field of
science and the industrial arts, that it
is small wonder that we mistook the
ridiculous "goose step" of the bombastic invader of Belgium as the thunder
tread of the triumphant superman coming into hie own; the mastery of the
earth ui tha rescue of decadent civill-
Willlam Hard, writing in the Chicago
Herald, Bays: "I claim that during this
war Great Britain has had no important
labor trouble which was not caused by
a failure on the part of capital or by a
failure on the part of government to act
.in a spirit of patriotism and of mutual
sacrifice instead of in a spirit of pounds
and pence."
A speaker who recently addressed the
Cincinnati chamber of commerce, declared that, "90 per cent, of the manufacturers don't know what ifcostB
them to produce their goods." And
yet the veriest tyro in economics is
wise to tho fact that it costs them no*
thing. The workers produce these goods
for nothing. Can it be possible that
the manufacturers can be so ignorant
as tho speaker would inferf -We can
scarcely believe it.
A New Tork court ordered that Jos.
C. Bassman, support his eleven children
and pay his wife H per week. As Bass-
man earns the munificent sum of $10
per week, it may be seen that he would
have $6 left, after paying his wife the
H alimony, upon which to keep himself
and his children. Still, Mr. B. should
not be allowed to shirk his paternal
duties upon the plea of inability to support such a largo family upon so small
a sum. Not being blind, he should havo
been able to see what he was doing,
and, therefore, must be held to strict
The seeond session of the sixty-fourth
congress of the United States opened
with a lot of racket about the high eost
of living, but it has been noticed that
it has already eut that sort of stuff out
"The practice obtaining In all former wars has been no less distinguished for the opportunities it afforded to contractors than for the opportunities it afforded heroes. It afforded to heroes an opportunity for
ensuring immortal renown, and lt afforded to contractors an opportunity
tor erecting colossal fortunes."—W.H.
"Here Ib the case of a sailor who
was on active service during 1915-16.
He was Invalided to a naval hospital
owing to a nervous breakdown, discharged on May 11, but as he was so
111 he could not be sent home. Pay to
his wife was, however,' stopped from
that day. Subsequently the woman
was Informed tbat her allowance
could only now be 16s. a week on
which to keep herself and child. Thla
case Is typical, we,\re Informed, of
many others."—Herald for June 10,
"The 40th annual,general meeting
ot Nobel's Explosives Co., Ltd., was
held yesterday In Glasgow. Reviewing the history of the company, the
chairman said It might be Interesting
to recall that an original Investment
of £100 In the 1872 company now
represented a capital Interest In'this
company ot £3,000 In ordinary
shares, and that the dividend paid on
that capital Investment during the 45
years had amounted to upwards ot
£8,500. Such figures Inspired confidence ln the solidarity of their un*
dertaklng and -In its future."—Dally
Mall, June 1, 1916.
The great crepe and mourning material firm, Courtald's, of London,
after allowing for depredation. Income tax, etc., announces that Its
profits for last year are £741.67. This
shows that the shipowner Ib not the
only person to whom the war has
proved a blessing and, as Bishop ot
Chelmsford recently said, "God la sitting on the fence,"
"The tnanclers, you will be glad to
hear, despite these hard and harassing times, are still able to get a lit*
tie nourishment. The Manchester
Guardian tells us that the Projectile
Company, with a nominal capital of
only £12,499 has, during 1916, made
a profit of £194,136—after providing
for the new taxes."*—Scottish Forward for April 29, 1916.
The Sheffield Steel Company's profit
tor 1914 was £10,419; ln 1915 it was
Wlllans & Robinson, one ot the
"controlled establishments" turning
out shells, etc., for the British government, at Rugby, Eng., made a proflt
for the lhst year of 110 per cent, upon
Its capitalisation. "This firm's opportunities were, no doubt, seriously
curtailed as a result of being "con*
The soldier does not grudge offering his life to his country. He offers
it freely, for his life may be the price
of victory. But victory cannot be
won without money as well aB men,
and your, money Is needed. Unlike
the soldier, the Investor runs no risk.
It you invest In Exchequer bonds
your money, capital and Interest
alike, Is secured on the consolidated
fund of the' united Kingdom, the
premier security of the world."—Appeal to Investors to lend their money,
Dally News advertisement, April 12,
"The conditions amid which millions of our people are living appear
to me to make lt natural that they
should not care a straw under what
rule they may be called upon to
dwell. Recently unimpeachable evl-
dence makes tt clear that to tens ot
thousands ot Englishmen engaged ln
dally toll the call to sacrifice themselves for their country would seem
an Insult to their reason, as the con*
ditions amid which they live make
their lives an unending sacrifice."—
From a statement made by Lord Rob*
erts shortly before his death, and
quoted by Mr. Rowntree ln the HouBe
of Commons on February 17, 1915.
Exult, ye proud Patricians! The hard-
fought flght Is o'er.
We strove tor honors—'twas ln vain:
tor freedom—'tls no more.
Our very hearts, that were.so high,
sink down beneath your wtll;
Riches and lands and power and state
—ye have them: keep them still.
Still press us for your cohorts, and,
when the flght Is done, have won.
Still All your garners from the soil
which our good swords have won.
Still like a spreading ulcer, whloh
leechcraft may not cure,
Let your foul usance eat away the
substance of the poor.
-"Virginia," Lord Macaulay.
Insurance __*_*»_
M0 Richards Btrwt    gay. ust
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
2:46, 7:80, 0:1S     Season's Pricei:
Matinee. 18c: Evonlngo, lte. 28c
J. Edward Soars      office: Ssy. 4146
Barrietere, Solicitors, Conveyaaeert, Etc.
Vlotoria and Vanoouver
Vancouver Offlee: 516*7 Rogere Bldg,
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Vancouver Pickle Co.
,  ask for
Highland SI   Faotory 801 Powell
Phone Sey. 6183   1296 Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
Labor Temple Press    Sey. 4460
Jobbing Work a Specialty
Pbone Sey. 186 and Res. Bay. 77 .
1088 OBAWVILLB ST.. Vancouvtr
Sou-Van Milk
Should be tn the home of every
Fair. 2624
Your attention is called
to the fact that this
store is stocked with
Union-made Shoes—the
best that money can buy.
From the Gentlemen's
Dress Shoe to the Mc
chanioa' strong work
boot. We can save you
from $1.66 to 12.06 on
your next purchase,
64S Hastings Street West
For Our Opening
GLASSES (and style) Itted with
the finest quality periscopic crystal lenses, complete with examination.
Beg. value $7.66.
Speolal price	
Professional Optometrist
Opp. More A Wilson
Room 208 Labor Temple. MeeteflnB
Sf,,!1'"', montb. freeldSlJmms
i5i".pbei,Ul tarntUt seoretary, H. Davis, Box
$*• f.b??,eV tt. 0100; recording aeerelarr
Wm. fiottlcbaw, Qbbe Hotel. Mali."iffff*
and Iron Ship Bnllderi and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeti
Bret and .third Monday's n.m. Pralden?
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue west:
secretary, A. Fraeer, 1181 Howe etreet.
IN^5?^1I.0I'AL UNI01* °* STEAM AND
»«SPff*?™0 E»OI"lSEB8 - Local n"
300. /Moots every Sundav 8 p.m., Room 216.
Labor Temple. Preeldent, Wm. Walker
vloo.prealdont, J. R. Flynn i eecretary-treaa.
urer, W. A. Alexander, Boom 216, Labor
Temple.    Phone, Bey. 7185.
flret end third Tburedeve. Eiecutive
yard; Jamea H. MeVety, pmldent,* Fred ™
loom, vloe-preiident,* Victor R. Midxler
reneral eecretary, 210 Labor Temple;'*™
.-. sergeant-at-arme, George Harlleonj A.
Crawford. Jas. Campbell, F. HaijSj tnS
Pr.-K" T,TC°***1 Monday In tbe montb.
President, J. McKinnon: aeoretary R H
Neelanda, P. 0. Box 66 "**»' ~  "•
al Union of, America, Local No. lift—
Boom 206     Labor Temple.   Preeldent, L. A
ton* "°nt"r- s* tt Orant, 604 Sew^i
efttoet..2nd and 4th Wedneadaya, 8 p.m..
Room 307. Preeldent, Ohae. F. Smith; «S
respond lis eecretary, W. S. Dainall, Boi 68:
llnnnolal aeoretary, W. J. Pipee; bMlnali
asent. W. S. Dagnall, Boom 216,     *■""*—
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I, ft
V. B. W. of A.—Meeta Sret and third
Monday of each montb, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. Preeldent, A. Sykea; aecr™
jJJJ-    •?""'•' Orabam, 2268 Twelfth avaina
Paclflo—Meets at 487 Gore avenue every
Went *      P'm' "U K,u,Br, buain™
„„ -""j?"8.," '! Room 30S* —O* Temple,
every Monday, g p.m.   President, D. W. Mo*
?.°,.g"X' K182w.f °wel '("oli raeordlM eecretary, R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; financial
E",'Wd J"'1"™ MM* E. H. Morrlao"
Hoom 207, Labor Temple.
,„ d00'1.,"0?' L°°"1. 38*62—Offloe and hall,
10 Powell atreet. Meets every Thuraday •
p.m. Seoretarytreaauror, F. Chapman; bnal*
neea agent, J. Mahonii' '
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m.    Pre,"
rSStv.**!- Sm,1; """HM aeoreUry, J.
Brooke; financial eecretary, J. H. McVety.
211 Labor Temple, Soyraoiir 7486. ""''•
«. 4™t Dnl01-' •*""•»• 3*6, I. A. T. S. B. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meete Ural Sunday of Me*
month, Room 204, Labor Tempi* Preside!."
tJLSfi!S> boeinee. agent,-Sam Haigh;
nnanclal and corresponding aeoretary 0. A
Hansen, P. O. Box 845.
America—Vaneoaver and vicinity.—
Branch meeta second and fourth Mondays.
Room 205, Labor Temple. Preaident, Ray
McDonnell, soi Seventh avenne west: ".nan-
c al aeoretary, J. Campbell, 4860 Argyle
y#;l'LMC0™''*« ■"«'»rr. E. Westmoreland,
1612 taw atreet. Phone Bayvlew 2698L.
188—-Meeta aeoond an fourth Thuredaya
of each month, room 808. Labor Temple.
Preaident, John MoMell; Inanclal aeoretary,
Oeo. H. Weston; reeordlng secretary, Jas.
Wlleon, room 803, Labor Temple.,
„ Ployees, Pioneer Division, TNo. 101—
Moeta Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wed*
needaya at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble:
vlce-prealdent, t. s. Cleveland; recording sec
•¥■*■■ hi Y< "fth« 2«61 .Trinity street
phone Highland 168R; Inanclal saentary and
business agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2408 Clark
drlvo, offlee corner Prior and Main streets.
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
«rat Monday In each month, S p.m. Preal-
dent. Franola, William.; vloepresldent. Mlea
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, W. W.
Hocken, B» 608; Snanolal aeeretary, V.
Wood, P.'O. Boa 608,
laat Sunday of eaeh month at 2 n.m.
"••mont, H. O. Benson; vlce-prealdent,
S',RJTlS,li,';_,MB.""r-"M,l"«, R. a
Neelands, P. O. Boi *S.
annual convention In January. Executive
offlcer. U1718: Preeldent, J.'Naylor, Boi
415, Cumberland;» Vice-presidents-Vancou-
jer: Jaa. H. MoVety, V. B. Mldgley, Labor
Temple. Vlotoria: J. Taylor, Box 1815. Van-
couver leland: w. Head, South Wellington.
Prlnoe Rupert: W. E. 1-homp.on, Boi 0U.
New Westmlnater: W. Yatea, SOS London
5'.re8JS- ..K°°AeM'' ?l"rlot: A. Ooodwln, Boi
26, TraU Crow, Neet Valley: W. B. Phil-
lips. 176 MePheraon avenne. Seoretary-
treasurer: A. a. Welle, Box 1688, Victoria,
*ft A	
OIL—Meeta «rst_and third Wednesday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Oovernment etreet, at '
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Boi 887;
vice-president, Christian Siverts, 1278 Desman street; aeeretary, B. Simmons, Boi 802,
Victoria. B, 0,  ^
Victoria, B. 0. P. 0. address Boi 22. Local
union meeta flrat and third Sunday, 10 a.m.
Plaoe of mooting, Labor HaU, DeCosmos blk.
President. J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; secre*
tary, J, M. Amer, 1045 McCluro atreet; bnal*
ness agont, 8. Oallnm, phona 1101R.	
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
MMta eecond Snnday of each month at 1*80
p.m.   Secretary, F. w. Jameson, Bot 406.
Council—Meets seoond and fourth Tuesdays of eaeb month, In Carpentera' ball. Pre-
eident, 8. D. Macdonald; aeeretary, J. J.
Anderson. Boi 378, Prinos Rupert, B. C.
south WBLLnraioiijjr. l
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OF A.—
Meata aeoond and fourth Sunday of eaeh
month, at 8.80 p.m., Bleharde Hall. Preal*
dent, waiter Head; vlee-preeldent, Wm. Iven:
recording aeoretary, Jaa. Batsman; flnanolal
aeoretary. S. Portray; treasurer, J, H. Rich*
Send for ten sub. postal cards, each
good for a year's subscription to The
Foderntionist—$10. "Tour oredit is
good." Pay for as sold to fellow employees.
Of America ^Qxr
tOfriHHT 4TM0I r-teattitrstso itwt
Vott ftfftlnit prohibition I Demand per*
■ontl liberty la choosing wbat 70a will drink.
Aak for thli Labal whan puehulng Bear,
Ala or Porter, aa a fwaataa that It la Union
Made. Thla la ou Ubel
Goal mining rlghu of tba Dominion* In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tha Td*
kon Terlrtorr. the Northwest Territories and
Id a portion of the. Province of British Colombia, may ba leased for a term of twenty-one
yeara at an annual rental of $1 an aore. Mot
more than 8,600 aarea wtll be leaaed to one
Anplleatlona for leaae mast be made by tbe
applicant In person to tha Agent or Sub-Agent
of tba dlstriot In whloh the rlghta applied
for ara situated.
In anrreyed territory tha land muit bs do*
scribed by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and tn nosurveyed territory the
tract applied for ahall ba staked by the applicant himself.
Each application moat ba accompanied by
a Tee of «, which will ba refunded If tha
rights applied for are nos available, bnt not
otherwise. A royalty aball ba paid on tha
merchantable output of the mine at tha rata
of 8va centa per ton.,
Tha pereon operating tha nine aball furnish tba Agent wtth aworn returns aeeonnt*
log for tha foil quantity of merchantable
eoal mined and par tha royalty thereon. If
tba eoal mining rights ara not being operated,
snob returns should be furnished at leaat onea
The' leaae will  Include tha eoal mining
rlghta only, bnt tha lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rlghta ,
may ba considered neoeaaary for tha working >
of tha mine at tha rata of #10 aa aore.
For tall information application ahaald ba
made to tha SecreUry of the Department or
tha Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Landa.
Deputy Minister af. lba Interior.
H, B.—Unautborlsed publicities af thla aa>
vartlnranmt wtn »Mt be paid for—I0W0 i ^i'HWwy^.wmft,M*!um
fBIDAY .-February 16, 1017
With the advent of the brighter weather, men will
welcome the announcement of the incoming of these
Smart Suits for business wear. They are fashioned
of English worsteds, which are guaranteed to retain
their shape and give general satisfaction. Up-to-
date models, cut on conservative lines, and admitted
by the trade to be the best suit on the market for
this unusually moderate price ~ $17.50
______    '»-*»       HtHMUT l|IUBllwTlTWII MHHUIIJMW
Granville and Georgia Streets
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Grown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep Britlah Columbia clean)
Record of Meeting Show the
Smelter City Unionists
Are Active
Org. McCallum Reports that
Machinists of Section
Are Organized
War Savincs Certificates
$25.00 roR $21.SO
OO.OO     " -43.00    ^
100.00     " 86.00
JAN. >, IS17
TBAIL, B. 0., Feb. 10.—(Special
Correspondence to The .Federationist.)
—A meeting of tie Trados and Labor
council was held In Trail on Thursday,
Fob. 8, President Goodwin in the choir.
A communication was read from
Brantford Trades and Labor council,
forwarding a copy of a resolution
passed by that body calling upon the
government to elect a natiopal counoil
for the period of the war, sueh as would
be truly representative of labor as well
as capital.   Resolution endorsed,
A communication was read from tbe
depot*/ minister of labor seeking Information as to the attitude of the local
Trades and Labor council on the registration eardB, asking whether any resolution had been passed in favor or
against the scheme and, if so, to forward a copy of the resolution. A copy
of the resolution of the connell opposing tho scheme of national service will
be forwarded.
Organizer McCallum, of the International Machinists' union, Informed tbe
council that the machinists in the district were now organized, and would
send delegates to the council in due
The question oi an 8-hour day for all
workers on the hill was again disenssed.
tt was moved that the matter be laid
on the table-pending reports from tbe
delegates from the various locals.
President Goodwin reported tbat he
had been 'up to the smelter with Organizer McCallum of the Machinists1 union
and G. Stirling of The Federationist.
After an interview with Mr. Blaylock,
and going through the formal ceremony
of denouncing the Kaiser, kissing a
copy of the saered law, and swearing
undying allegiance to ne rule of capital, the party was allowed to go softly
to and fro through the temple of Mammon. "But," said Mr. Blaylock, rubbing his pen on the pen wiper and easting a significant glance Towards Goodwin, "Understand, there is to be no recruiting while the men are at work."
Goodwin thereupon made the sign of
the cross, and the party proceeded.
The above article from Mr. Geo. F.
Stirling, special Held circulation representative of The Federationist, covers
a meeting of the "baby" Trades and
Labor council of the province, the organization having been only recently
established, and its application for affiliation with the B. C. Federation of
Labor received. The Federationist extends best wishes to President Goodwin and his associates in their efforts to
thoroughly establish union interests in
Trail through a central body.
The meoting alao notes tbat Organizer
McCallum, of the Machinists' anion,
has been busy about Trail. "Dune."
left Vancouver two weeks ogo to do
organization work In the district, taking in the Bevelstoke convention en
route. His report to the Trail council
shows that his work has been successful.
Mr. Stirling's letter enclosed a list
of Troll subscribers for The Federatlonist, showing thot the unionists of that
centre intend to keep up-to-date in
tbeir knowledge of doings In the labor
Principal repayable lit October, 1019.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st Oetob* by
cheque (free ot exchange at uy chtrtved Buk in Canada) at
the rate of five per oent pa annum bom tha date of purchase.
Holders of this stook will hare the privilege of surrendering
at par ud accrued interest, aa the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue In
Canada other than uissus of Treasury Bills or other Uu short
date security.
Proceeds of this stook ar* fer war purposes only.
A oommiasios of one-quarter of one per eent will be aOowad
toreoognised bond and stook botes od allotments mad* h
respect of applications for thia stock whieh bear thar stamp.
For application forms apply to tht Deputy Minister of
Knenoe, Ottawa.
nmumoMTermum, Ottawa
From Farm's
Potato Patch
■-.. Hopeful Consolation.
"The 40-year jnile-
stone in life has been
called 'the dangerous age/ because at
about that period
there occur in the human organism physical changes which
usually result in al-.
tered mental atti-j
tudes — a different
outlook, the formation of new habits, *
perhaps; a consciousness of advancing
age, a strong and unwelcome feeling of
the ebbing of the physical vitality of
"At aboat forty,'many men and womon begin to decline In health and appearance and spirit, as if the 40-year
milestone were at the crest cf a hill
in the journey of physical existence,
and the milestones* beyond all on the'
"Tet man should be just entering his
most 'profitable and most enjoyable
period, witb faculties at their keenest
and the balance between the physical
and the mental at its happiest. He
should be entering his period of highest
'The truth is that there are two
roads at the crest of the hill. One is
through pleasant uplands and fair fields
of plenty. It remains to the traveller
himsolf as to .whether he chooses to go
down the toboggan road. Courage,
common sense and care are needed,
Trades and Labor Oouncll Believe PIu
Ou Be Carried Out.
EDMONTON, Peb. 15.—The Trades
and Labor council has tentatively approved of the establishment of a central labor headquarters in Edmonton,
bjf securing premises which may be
used for council meetings and headquartera for the various unions. A committee is now seeking a suitable building
for the purpose. /
At the annual meeting of the counoil
the following officers were chosen for
tho yean President, H. Hawkins; vice-
president, J. Findlay; secretary, A. Farmilo; trustees, J. Lawson, J. A, Kinney
and R. McCreath.
The council has passed a resolution
of protest against the levy of an income
or poll tax as is now being proposed by
the city authorities.
Provincial Authorities Favorably Impressed With Demud of
EDMONTON, Feb. 12.—The demand
of the Alberta Federation of Labor for
a provincial Workmen's Compensation
Act was recently placed.before Premier
Sifton and his colleagues by a Federation deputation. The outline of the suggested act is along the same lines as
the British Columbia Act, provision being made, however, for greater indemnity payments and also for the inclusion of casual Jabor.
The arguments of tbe deputation
were listened to by the government authorities with great interest and, at the
conclusion, Premier Slfton stated that
both he and his colleagues were favorably impressed with the presentation,
and assured the labor officials that the
govornment would give the subject very
careful consideration.
The deputation also discussed wi/h
the government other subjects on which
legislation is desired by tbe Federation,
which include, the raising of the age
limit in factories from 11 to 16 years,
establishment of a minimum wage in
coal mines, payment of wages in cash
or certified cheque at least bi-monthly,
The girls serving as operators in the
Winnipeg telephone exchanges have organized a union, whioh now has a
strength of 300, with excellent prospects of developing into an organization of 100 per cent, strength. Application has been made to the International
Electrical Workers' union for a charter,
which will connect the organization
with the employees of the governmont
telephone system, ob well as the municipal and private light and power'companies. Over 200 of tho girls were enrolled at the initial organization meoting.
For the time being the new Operators' union will not outline any definite
policy of action, but as soon as organization is thoroughly completed, a comprehensive campaign for the betterment of tho conditions under which the
operators work will be carried out.
Patriots are to bc found in abundance
nmong the people of all countries, even
those of tho United States. Why right
here in Vancouver is to be found a citizen of that country who has already of
fered bis services to "Uncle Sam," in
case war should result from the breaking off of diplomatic relations with
Germany. As ho voluntoered tp serve
as a "wireless operator," it looks as
though he had been bred from fighting
Wo want no kings but kings of toil—
No crowns but crowns of deeds.
Not royal birth but sterling worth
Must mark the man who leads.
—Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
Strong Demand that Parliament Meet to Replace
the Act
Unless Action Is Taken Soon
Organized Labor Will
Take Stand
, [By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N.S.W., Jan. 10.—(Special
Correspondence to The Federationist)—
There is a rapidly growing sentiment
throughout New Zealand that, for the
best interests of the Dominion, a session of. parliament should be called and
the obnoxious Conscription Act repealed. The New Zealand act was forced
on the people against the protest of organized labor, and. in the face of general public sentiment. While tbere is
no idea of dissension or uprising at the
present time, there is a steady undercurrent in favor of the repeal of the
act. This has grown rapidly since the
referendum on conscription in Australin was defeated at the polls.
The miners, all over New Zealand,
are out on strike, and workers in other
industries are ready to strike if their
members are drawn in the conscription
ballot. The opposition is particularly
strong among the Irish population, a
number of their clergy Having already
been drawn on the ballots and, among
other religious organizations the spirit
of protest is nearing a climax.
It is certain that the continuance of
the existing order of things will lead to
labor taking an organized stand against
the act, and the general feeling
throughout tbo Dominion is that tran-
qunlity will not reign in New Zealand
until the obnoxious legislation Ib repealed.
Premier Brewster Takes Over Office-
Legislative Session Postponed
to March 1..     .
Hon. Ralph Smith, minister of finance in the new provincial government,
died in Victoria on Monday, as the result of a complaint from which he has
been suffering for some time, but which
suddenly developed to an acute stage
and led to his unexpected death.
Premier Brewster has taken over the
duties of minister of finanoe, and in
order that be may have opportunity to
prepare matters connected with the department for tbe consideration of the
legislature, the opening of the sessions
haa been postponed from Feb. — until
March 1.
(Continued from pago 1)
He tho oxisting conditions in order thot
ing to union labor, and tho general pub-
they might act accordingly. President
MoVety, Secrotary Midgley and Delegate Morrison were appointed a committeo to net on this matter.
The president was instructed to eon-
tlnuo correspondence in connection with
the caso of families of munition workors who ore not receiving tbelr separation allowances.
Tho proposed new constitution nnd
bylaws of tho council will now bo takon
in hand by tho executivo, which was
advised to call a spoclal meeting for
the discussion of thc matter.
The union covering the pile drlvors
and wood bridge workers, was re-affl-
Hated Iwth the council.
Del. Mldgley and Pres. MeVety presented a full report on the work of the
B> 0. Federation of Labor eonvention
at Bevelstoke, full particulars of wblch
bave already appeared In thete columns.
david mnroBB, ltd.
Spender's Is Headquarters
Stanfield's Underwear
wool; sixes 34 to 44.  Price, a garment . :
, STANFIELD'S "BED LABEL"—Heavy eream wool underwear; sites
84 to 44.   A garment .11.75
STANHELD'S "BLUE LABEL"—Heavy eream wool, ribbed; sites 34
to 44.   A garment . ... .-..  ...........HMO
wool, in three weights at, grment.  tl.28, HM ud W.00
garment at  •*_ . ...—— IMS
COMBINATIONS—In all the above lines are available at twice th*
_     price of single garments.
NOTE—All Stanfield's garments are guaranteed unshrinkable.
David Spencer Limited
After Efforts Extending Over Several
Tears; Shop Men Now
The Winnipeg officials of the International Machinists' union have been notified by the officials of the Grand
Trunk Pacific of the approval of an
agreement covering wages and working
conditions in all of the company's
shops from Winnipeg to Prince Rupert.
The agreement is to take effect at once
and run for a year, subject to 30 days'
notice from either party.
The agreement is based on about the
same terms as prevail in the Canadian
Northern and C. P. R. shops in the weBt.
The union is greatly pleased at the
matter being closed, as in the past it
has been found impossible to have the
railway consent to any formal agreement, aB the result of which there was
constant difficulty in maintaining the
rights pf tbe men.
No Weakness Developed ln Great Britain'! Bystem by War.
The entire modical service of Great
Britain is now in tbe melting pot and Ib
likely to be revolutionized as a result
of the war. The probability is that before tho changes are finished we will
hnve a national medical service and
that medioal attention will be "on
tap" for all who need it like municipal
water or police service, without any
charge except that which ia borno in
tho annual taxation. Tho war has not
revealed tho weakness of the existing
modical system ln England. Everyone
who had anything to do with it, including the doctors thoraselvos, was' fully
aware of it, but a buge vested interest
had grown up and ns in most other
things tho British publlo was slow to
move Tho old system worked badly
onough, but it worked, and no one felt
called on to undertake a crusade
against it. Tba doctors themselves did
fairly well out of it, and were not disposed to risk experiments with a new
system which would moan a lot'of
trouble to them for results about the
desirability of which they were not
ngreed. Now the war has come along
and changed everything.
Proportionate Growth of Oriental Population Has Increased By
100 Per Oent,
The great increase In the proportion
of ChincBO as compared with white in
British Columbin, was shown by W. R.
Trottor whon addressing tho Open
Forum last Sunday. He said that before the war, thoro was ono Chinaman
to seven whites, but that at the present
time the proportion was ono Chinaman
to every V/.< whites. British Columbia
was declared to be the centro for Oriental oxploitation, and the full danger
of tho "yellow invasion" would be better understood if the Orientals were
distributed throughout tbe Dominion in
proportion to the provincial popula*
tlons. Buch a plan would, possibly,
lend to a hotter understanding in To*
ronto, whero the socioty which fosters
the plan for increasing Oriental immigration has its headquarters. Mr. Trot*
ter suggested that Oriontal immigration
bo prohibited entirely for five years
after the war was over. Ho nlso commented favorably on the plan of the
Weatminster Presbytory to prohibit
tbe immigration of Orientals until Its
proportion to the white population was
30 to 1.
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthf ul, nourishing
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
Seymour 2088
Uptown Offloe:
Seymour 228
"Tba Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally, furnishes a living to aome forty odd brewery workers.
..Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited •
Ob Salt at all Liquor Stores In
Long Rides and Short
If you live in the suburbs, you can ride to
any point in the city for 5 cents, because
your other ride for a short distance helps to
pay for it.
The transportation of the city was given
to the street railway on the understanding
that the short hauls were to pay for the
long hauls.
It is the same principle under which the strong
helps the weak and the rich the poor; the unfavorable parts of the transportation were to be balanced
by the favorable, otherwise the outskirts of this oity
would have been unfairly discriminated against.
The jitney has been allowed up to recently to take
the short haul and leave the long haul to the itreet
railway. This arrangement is unbalanced and sooner or later, the street railway wonld have to .cut
down its non-paying service, being deprived of the
paying service by which it kept it up.
It is to your interests to see that the street railway
is fairly dealt with by having the jitney regulations
retained and it is also to your interests to give your
entire support to the street railway if you wish to
obtain the most benefit from it.
Carrall ud Hastings
1138 Granville Stmt PAGE FOUR
PBIDAY. February 16, Ull
Along line of P. 0. E. Railway open park line lands. The finest mixed
farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting aad fishing. Tho settlers who have gone
ia there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Welton Block. Vancouver
Note New ADDRESS and PHONE of
McNeill,Welch ^Wilson, Ltd.
Sole Agents for
Jingle Pot Coal
Phone: Private Exchange
1629 Main St.    Fairmont 2800
Pure Milk "T" Union Labor
The milk supplied by this
dairy is pure in every sense of
the word.
All the bottles and utensils
used by this dairy ure thoroughly
Our milk supply comes from
the Fraser Valley,
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
If lt Is not, call up the
Hygienic Dairy
,     or drop a card to our offlce, 90S Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
FiooA tor one jrsw'e sabscriptloB to Tfe* a.
J. ftdmUoatat. will bo suited to ur tt-
10 SUB. CARDS •■•*•■" •°-'i' '.'_0l_   .<OKi'.nfwem
milt, el Vsaeoevor lily.)   Order ton to*
Sty,   atmlt thtn sold.
■=^ who help you by
buying Vancouver's
High-Grade Overall.
Here are the stores, so
you won't pass them by.
Bobt. Armstrong 2112 Granville Streot
Arnold & Quiglcy 540 Granville Street
L. Buck	
 Eburne, B. C.
M. J. Cameron 0 Cordovn Street
Campbell A Griffin m Cordova Street Wost
W. Chandler Kerrisdnlc, B. C.
Clamans Ltd 153 Hastings Street West
Clubb & Stewart 315 Hastings Street West
E* Col° G10I) Frasor Stroot
■■J-Craig. 624 Main Street
Crown Clothing Co 23 Carrall Street
W. Dick, two stores 33 ond 47 HaBtings Stroot East
Farmers Supply Co Eburne, B. C.
A* Frit*1 * Tenth Avonue and Main Street
Globe Clothing Co 156 Cordova Street Wost
J. N. Harvey 127 Hastings Street West
T1"- H»t> * 62 Cordova Wost
Hudson's Bay Co	
-1* Joseph 330 Carroll St.; 200 Carrall St.; 246 Main St.
J* K»z«* 758 Sixth Avenue West
Kerfoot & Hall 155 Hastings Streot East
J1'8* Ke" - Eost Collingwood
Lancaster A Fox Twenty-flfth nnd Main Street
Locb 4 Bnybould 1157 Granville Streot
**• J;!P"C" 44 Cordova Street
»• W. Marshall 108 Cordova Street West
J. J. McAlleoce North Vancouver, ,B. C.
J*/Mclntyre 1400 Commercial Drive
"• McKeo Codnr Cottage, B. C.
* Moore *>2n c„mbfe strMt
J* MuW 1375 Klngswny
Page & Co Cornor Smyth nnd Granvillo Streets
Roid & McDonald. New Westminster, B. C.
Pennant Stores 143 Hastings Stroot West
J. Rickson 820 Granvillo Streot
E, ,T. Smurdon 102 Cordova West
A. I. Stoddart 2127 Granvillo Street
Wray & McKeo 52 HaBtings Streot Wost
Limit for Receiving Cards
Is Extended to All
Fools' Day
Made Wonderful Discovery
As to Labor Demand
on Prairies
* sion held a preliminary post mortem
last week at Ottawa on itB registrutioa
card scheme. The session lasted for
several days, winding up with some
"high jinks" in tbe form of u mutual
admiration dinner at the Bideau dab,
which was attended by Premier Borden,
After getting over the effects of the
dinner, B. B. Bennett, M. P., turned out
an official statement just to show the
labor unions and others who had the
temerity to question tbe registration
scheme that the commission, although
having had some hard knocks, was still
on the map.
That there has been some hitch in
the registration scheme, although the
official statement says the returns were
beyond expectation, is indicated by the
fact that the time for receiving the
cards has been extended to March 31,
the day before All FooIb' Day. This
arrangement is slightly different from
the original plan of carrying the scheme
through in the opening week of tho
year, as announced with a great flourish
of trumpets when the plan was announced. Evidently the machine must
have slipped a cog somewhere.
Commission Makes Oreat Discovery.
The chief reault of the registration
plan is officially said to be the discovery that there will be a shortage of
labor on the prairies during the,coming
season. Such a statement makes a
sound as though the registration plan
had really accomplished something, but
to the man with anything resembling a
memory, it is simply a "hardy annual"
as tbe same discovery has been made
every year for many years past—and
without carrying out any comprehensive registration scheme. When it is
remembered that every spring and fall
for years past the prairie provinces
have sent out representatives to the
eastern provinces, the States and the
coast sections to seek for farm labor,
the wonderful results of the comprehen
sive investigations of the commission
don't, somehow, mean so much, after
all. It is certain that the statement
does not give the coast section any real
information, as every resident is familiar with the annual special harvesters'
rateB to the prairies ,and the departure
of the several thousand men who every
year answer the call for help from the
northwest. However, now that the
commission and its machinery exists,
the public is officially informed of what
was known would be the case.
Plan Provincial "Talkfests."
To meet this demand for labor on the
prairies, the commission plans to follow
dp the wonderful registration scheme,
which told us what we already knew,
what a Berics of "talk, talk, talk"
conferences, which are to be held at
Winnipeg, Regina and Edmonton. These
are to be attended by the Ottawa departmental big-wigs and, as labor organizations are to be invited, it is pro<
bable the commission will bring along
at government expense, some of the
eastern labor officials who so firmly
stood by the commission's plans when
western labor organizations ventured to
question the justice of the registration
The commission was hardly chivalrous to the dear ladies, as they were
unkind enough to inform them that just
at present the capitalist munition profiteers had reduced their payroll
through the employment of women to
as great an extent as they dared. Hence
the commission could not hold out any
present hope of utilizing tne services of
women on munition works, evon though
the arrangement might mean the in-'
creasing of the munition profiteers.
Organise Commission Worshippers.
Tho commission appears to be surprised that any individual or organiaa-
tion should question the wisdom of its
dictates and, in order to whip the publie into line and create centres all over
the Dominion which will blindly and
without taking the trouble to think, accept ony plan which bears its all-knowing seal, adviBes that the provincial
directors organize national service
leagues in every community. Theso organizations would form local bunds of
worshippers at the sacred Bhriae of the
A New
The Actino-Optical Institute, Ltd., has arranged a
most convenient Bystem of ox*
tended payments, and it is
now possiblo for nil to tnko
advantage of their unexcelled
facilities by paying a little at
a time.
Abnormal eyes frequently
cause functional disturbances
that can be remedied at once
by means of lenses (glasses).
8th Floor Birks Building
Seymour 4565
An Exceptionally
THE woman who anticipates making such
a purchase will find
unusual choice in this
splendid showing on the
second floor. Included are
serges, satins, stripe,
check and plain silks, embracing many in taffeta.
The styles are varied, and
all of them accentuate the
most correct spring fashions. There is a complete
range of sizes and prices
are from $8.50 to $25.00.
We also have a good collection of serge and taffeta skirts, specially designed for stout women.
Serviceable Umbrellas for
Women at $1.25
THESE Umbrellas are
provided with a thoroughly rainproof cotton covering, are made
with strong steel frames,
and have dark colored
straight handles. They
are specially good value
at the price.   $1.25 each.
Store Opens at 8,30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Building Trades Council May Be Reorganized on a Better
Working Baste.
A plan for the abolition of the pre
sent Building Trades council as an in*
dependent organization, its place being
taken by a committee representing al
the lines of the building industry anc
operating as a department of Trades
and Labor council activities, was approved at a meeting of the Building
Trades council on Tuesday evening. The
proposal now goes up to the various
unions connected^with the council for
The proposal provides for all the
local unionB connected with the building trades affiliating with the Trades
and Labor council, their delegates to
the central body being formed into an
inner trades council committee which
would deal with all matters in which
the building trades are jointly interested. This would give the committee
the backing of the .central labor body,
instead of operating aB an independent
One of the reasons for the endorsement of the plan is the proposal of the
control organization to increase its per
capita tax with tho idea of more effectively and closely covering the work of
organization, etc. The delegates considered that this plan opened up the
possibility of better work being done
under the proposed central committee
than is possiblo under present arrangements.
The'-'question of the Globe Contracting Co. employing carpenters at the
rate of $3.25 per day for a 54-hour
week on the alteration of the block at
Hastings and Main streets for a public
market, was diaeauaed and action will
be taken on the subject.
Men Return to Work on Monday After
Being Out for Several Weeks.
After being idle for several weeks bb
tho result of a wage dispute, the workers employed by the Greater Vancouver
Sewerage board, have returned to work.
The men demanded an all-round increase of 50 cents per dny. While their
demands were not granted in their entirety, the compromise offer under
which they returned to work is of a
fairly satisfactory nature. It provides
for fair increases in pay being given
the lower paid workers, with proportionate adjustments for those receiving
a higher rate.
Washington Federation Approves Work
Now Being Done in
At the recent convention of the
Washington Federation of Labor,
hearty endorsement was given the
movement, which is now being carried
on throughout the sawmills and logging
campB of the northwest for the organization of the workers* The union controlling this field is the International
Union of Titnber Workers, which intends, as soon as present organization
plans aro carried out, to wage a vigorous campaign for the correction of the
many existing abuses In the logging
campB and sawmills, and to closely
watch conditions governing tho line of
employment for the purpose of bettering the conditions of the workers.
Statement of Contributions
Made by the Division
Last Year
Tournament for Challenge
To Be Played Off
Next Week
Union Enables Men to Successfully Resent Attacks on Reputation
of the Force,
The civic investigation dealing with
ie operation of the Vancouver fire department has concluded without ony
evidence being presented which substantiated the statement of firemen
stealing or loafing at the Wood, Vallate & Leggatt fire. Through their organization the men were able, acting
unitedly, to combat successfully the unfair and unjust attempts to place a
stigma on the force.
The net result of the investigation
seems to be the showing that more firemen are needed and that an effort
should be made to keep the men on the
force as far as possible. This condition
should be easily met by the authorities
establishing proper working conditions
for the firemen, such as are covered by
the two-platoon system, for which the
men have been unitedly working for
Bome time.
The financial statement of Pioneer
Division 101, of the Street Railway-
men's union for 1010, showB that during the year, $1028 was contributed as
donations to labor unions and other activities in which labor Is interested.
The disbursements for tbe year from
the International sick and death benefit fund to memberB of the division and
their beneficiaries total f$35fl8. With reference to the benefit funds of the international organization, a recent report Bhows that during 1916 a total of
$294,438.V5 was paid out.
The eiamination of BI C. Electric
employees who have been taking the
St. John's Ambulance course in "first
aid," was held recently, tho marks of
the successful candidates being as follows: H. S. Schofield, motorman, 98; D,
Shankie, Prior street shops, 90; W. Wll-
Bon, motorman, 88; S. Cain, motorman,
87; W. V. Jones, motorman, 86; S. Wy-
bourne, conductor, 84; J. B. Aitken, motorman, 83; P. S. Grant, head office, 75;
H. ReeBj car repairer, 76; Jos. Pounds,
car repjtirer, 72; W. H. Gray, North
Vancouver, 71; T. Janes, motorman, 60;
F. S. Embleton, motorman, 56.
The second billiard match of the
series between teams representing the
motormen and conductors and the head
office staff, for tho Murrin cup, was
played during the week, the street railwaymen being the victors. The team
representing the motormen and conductors was composed of J. Hamilton (captain), A. Chapman, E. Jackson, H.
Hockley and H. Staunton, The cup is
now in the possession of the streot railwaymen, who won it last year. The
teams have met in two contests this
year, the head office winning out the
first evening, and the street railwaymen
on thc second meeting. The deciding
contest will bc held in the rooms of the
head office Social club on Thursday of
next week. The cup is awarded on an
aggregate basis, and in tho two contests
of this year, the head office now Stands
seven points ahead.
On Sunday next at 8.30 p.m. there
will be u meeting of all motormen and
conductors who are interested in billiards in the roading room of the Main
Btreet headquartera. This meeting has
no connection with the Murrin cup contest, but is called to consider some very
important matters in connection with
the running of the billiard tables in the
men's quarters.
The wife of Business Agent Hoover,
who was taken to the hospital last
week in a critical condition as the result of an attack of pneumonia, is reported to have taken a turn for tho better, and it is believed she will be out of
danger in a day or so.
Members of Organisation Now Taking
Referendum Vote on
tbe Subject.
The International Association of Machinists is conducting a referendum on
the question of admitting women as
members. The referendum is the result
of a resolution adopted by the executive board, which declares that "the
necessity of orguninzing the female
workers in the machine industry is '
coming more apparent every day, there
being a large number of them working
under our jurisdiction who ought to bo
organized for our mutual protection."
Address on Trades Unionism.
An address on the functions of trades
unions will bo given by 'Geo. Hardy in
the O'Brien hall on Sunday afternoon,
the meeting being one of the series arranged by the Open Forum,
Morris Hillquit, socialist candidate
for congress in the 20tti congressional
district, Harlem, New York city, was
defeated at the last election by his republican opponent, Isaac Siegel, by the
narrow margin of 150 votes,
Premier ('/Billy") Hughes, in Australia, was 'at the head of a genuine
majority party before he succumbed to
the wishes of capitalistic conscription-
ists and thc blandishments of Britain's
old snobility. Today he iB tho leader
of a renegnde remnant, and no shuffling
of the parliamentary numDers can ever
restore to him that which he hns lost —
Australian Worker,
Tho population of the United States,
as estimated by the treasury department, Nov. 1, was 103,002,000.
IF it's a STEAK or a CHOP
-a FISH or a SALAD-
the place to get it is at the
Leading Union
First Class Cafe
Directly Opposite the
Orpheum Theatre, Granville Street
Provincial Fruit Growers Will Send Up
Bequest to Government.
At the provincial convention of fruit
growers, a resolution was passed requesting tho authorities to remove the
Chinese head tan on Orientals coming
into the province as agricultural laborers, and also to lift the embargo now
existing whioh prevents the importation
of white labor from outside points.
This action is in line with the proposals
recently made at a mooting of tho ranchers of the Mission district.
The resolution did aot pass without
considerable opposition, it being pointed out taht the policy was a dangerous
one, past experience in the employment
of Orientals for agricultural work in B.
O. having shown that the best interosts
of tho province woro seriously threatened by the practice.
International Labor Conference.
European press cables report that efforts are being mado for the holding of
an international labor conference in
Switzerland during 1917. It is oxpect-
ed that representatives from Prance,
Spain, Italy, Belgium and England will
take part in the meeting.
Shipwrights' Union Prospers.
Application for affiliation with the
Trados and Labor council has been
mado by tho Shipwrights' union. This
organization has now over 70 members
and, with tho revival of shipbuilding in
the vicinity of Vancouver, the prospects of tho union appear excellent.
Toronto Garment Workers Win.
The demands of the garment workers
of Toronto for a 44-hour week ond an
advanced wage will probably be obtained without trouble of a pronounced
character. Nearly all the employers
have now agreed to tho weekly limitation of houre, ond the higher wage
cup of coffee is as
good as the first
if it is
Canadian Munition Profiteers.
The financial statement of tho Canada
Poundrios nnd Forging Co. show to what
extent profiteering on war munitions
eiiBts in Canada. After paying dividends on preferred stock, tho company's not profits for 1916 were JflOO,-
000, or over 63 per cent, on its common
stock of *960,000. This report wns
hardly pleasing to tho stockholders,
however, as lost year they received returns of #778,000, or 81 per cent, on
their investment.
because this fine coffee is aged and
brought to full maturity bofore it is
steel-cut and put
into cans. It's a real
good coffee.
Your Grocer
Sells It
Kelly, Douglas & Co.Ltd.
Makers of the
Nob.ob Pun Pood Products
tfortfrotfoOne ideal jftoe for
3ri%b Qtojbfata^. **)*>»!j o
This ie an important point to
remember when ao many oheap
shoeB aro on the market selling .
at double the prices they used
to be before the war.
Cheap shoes—made mostly of \
paper and pulp—substitutes for ,
leather—are dear at any time,
but it is positive extravagance
to buy  thom at tbeir present j
And Oet What Yon Pay for.
—■—* '
XXX Earliest Tomato (vines loaded early) pkg. 10c, oz. 80c
Beefsteak Tomato (onormous size) pkg. 10c, oz. 60e, t ozs. 12.00
pft E°k'mz->? Cabbage pkg. 6c, oz. 30c, 4 ozs. $1.00
Prohfic Golden Wax Butter Beans 4 oz,. ibc, lb. 60c
aax Solid Head Lottuce pkg. 10c, oz. 26c, 4 ozs. 76c
Giant Pnzetnker Onion (blackseed) pig. 10c, oz. 26c, lb. 12.10
Extra Early Bod Onion pkg. 6c, oz. 26c, 4 ozs. 66c, lb. 12.10
Early Eclipse Beet (round blood).: pkg. 6c, oz. 16c, 4 ozs. 40c
Urdinal Globe Beet pkg. 10c, oz. 20c, 4 ozs. 60c, lb. $1.60
Hpinnach Beet (for greens)  pkg. 10c, oz. 30c, 4 ozs. 00c
Uantenay Carrot (for table use) pkg. 6c, oz. 26c, 4 ozs. 66C
Snowball Cauliflower (gilt edge) ...pig. 16c, 26c, 88c, OJ. $2.76
Fans Golden Celery (very best) pkg. 16c, Vi oz. 60c, 01, 12.00
fcnrly Premium Gem Peas (dwarf) 4 ozs. 10c, lb. S6c, 6 lbs. $1.60
Select Yellow Onion Sets. Ib. S6c, 6 lbs. $1,70
London Long Green Cucumber pkg. 6c, Of. 16c, 4 ozs. 40c
Extra Early White Cory Corn (for table)....pkg. 10c, lb. 3Sc, 6 lbs. $1.60
Early Branching Asters, White, Pink, Crimson, Mixed pkg. 10c
Choice Speneer Sweet Peas (mixed colors) pkg. 10c, 0«. 30c
■* "zs* for _ „..„. goc
Order through your local dealer or direct from
1138 Homer Street Vancouver, B. C.
The Tasks of the Day
Require Vigorous Health
SEE to your teeth. Itey are of vital importance to both your physical and
your mental well-being. Without
teeth, or with imperfect teeth, you cannot
retain your health and strength.
I will gladly give you an expert Examination Free.
Telephone Sey. 8331
Offices open
Tuesday and
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bri-lfa Specialist
Porget your
Fears, I will
not hurt you


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