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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 9, 1917

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EIGHTllfEAR.   No. 10
Good Results from the Plan
Now Prevailing in
Act to Ultimately Cover All
Forms of Insurance
[W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Feb. 5.—(Speolal
Correspondence to The Federationist.)—It is, or Bhould be, the duty of
every nation to safeguard the welfare
of its citizens in overy manner possible. As has been shown in these columns before, no country in the world is
doing more for the workers than Australia. As Australians, we figure that
poverty is the root-cause of most of
the social and economic ills which mankind is heir to uud, in the competition
of nations, tho victory will be to the
nation possessing the strong and virile
Economists the world over recognize
that each industry Bhould be made to
provide against the risks to health and
life incurred by the poople so employed,
and an industry not uble to comply with
this standard iB net worth keeping
alive. To permit an industry to annually throw upon society a lnrge crop of
. cripples, degenerates, widows and orphans, is to license a class of employers
to live upon the community at the expense of everybody else, and to the irretrievable damage of tho people nSvn
whole. This ia why insurance against
accident must be made compulsory, and
paid solely by the employer.
Prior to tho passing of the new Insurance Acts of the State of Queensland,
(of which-moro will be said lat'or on),
the assistance granted by employers for
accidents and death in industries wns
spasmodic only and, when such cases
wero taken into the courts nnd contested, tho working mnn or his dependents
woro very often beaten becauso of the
fact that they could not follow the
cases through tho mesh of legal entanglements, or were forced to accept just
what recompense the capitalists offered
as charity.
Profits of Private Companies.
In tho enso of iusurance against accident, firo and other risks under privato
manipulation, expense was* tho prominent feature of tho bill. Aftor n very
exhaustive enquiry intp^the amount of
money paid in premiums' and the
amounts paid out us claims, it wns
found that in Australia,' out of evory
$300 paid as premiums, but $100 was
puid buck as claims. Aud I dure say
that this difference Ib larger in countries whore the government hns no method of checking tho robbery. This
huge difference is accounted for by profits and wasteful administration that,
under state control, can be eliminated,
It represents the salaries of whole armies of competing salosmen, heavy city
rentals nnd couutry ugoncies, tho fees
of overlapping board of directors, hundreds of clorks and the hundred and
ono other expenses that go to mnke up
tho army of men employed in ono offico
competing with the othor. NeedlesB to
say, under govornment control, nil this
is done awny with.
., ^Queensland under its scheme of state
owned insuranco is taking up the businoss that previously was handled by
over 60 companios, each competing with
the other. And the state now handles
more business thnn was handled by nil
of tho compnnies put together, for the
simple reason that insurance in Queensland Is now compulsory,' and no longer
is tho disnbled workor left to tho charity of capitalism.
Provisions of Insurance Act.
Tho Workers' Compensntion Act of
1916 provided for the establishment of
a Stato Accident Insuranuo office. Life
andT fire insuranco are to bo controlled
by the Bnme office, but legislative machinery is yet "to bo completed to put
the whole business in working order.
Under tho state nccident insurnnce
scheme now in operation, tho mnximum
weekly allowance granted to a disabled
workor is $10 por week. The amount
•payable in the cnBe of death is $3000,
nnd for permanent inenpneity tho
nmount paid is $3750. Tho settlement
of claims has been expedited, and in futuro nobody stands to gain nnything
from contesting a fair claim for compensation, In tho event of nn accidont
occurring, the employer does not figure
in tho subsequent trnnanetions, for he
will havo no intcrost in them. Tho mat-
; ter rests between the claimant and the
state. Tho employer, having complied
with the Inw mnking insurance compulsory, is already indemnified ngninst Iobb
or, if he hns failed to make provision
for his workmen, the state will soon see
about prosecuting him for his neglect.
The nmount paid for varlouB injuries is
fixed according to a scale in the net,
instend of the old private compnny method of computation bofore a judge,
who very often leaned too much on the
Bido of tho employer.
All employers receiving loss than
$2000 yenrly come within the provisions
of the act. No limitation exists ns to
the naturo of the work, ns nil manunl
workers up to domestic sorvants ore
covered ns well as casual laborers. Tho
scope of the act haB beon widened, so
that a man receiving injuries on his
wny to or from work nlso receives compensation, or for injuries received while
at work away from tho establishment
of his employer, such as tho work done
by^ a message bearer. Under the state
ptincs liavo nevor been "guilty" of bo
acting towards their clients, their idea
generally being to delay payment ns
long as possible.
It is 'unnecessary to Bay that the
stato hns benefited grcntly becnuso of
this monopoly in tho insurnnce business.
Competition, ndvertising, cnnvnBsing
and all tho unnecessary duplication incidental to competing officeB hns been
eliminated. As a result of this, the
stnte of Queensland is ablo to repay ns
claims all the money derived by way of
premiums, Iosb, of course, the amount
.Arrangements have been made
by Secretary-treasurer A. S.
Wells, of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, with Premier Brewster
for an interview of the officials of
the Federation with the executive
council of the provincial government.
The meeting will be held at
Victoria next Monday morning.
The Fedoration will be represented by nil the coast and island
members of its executive, headed
by Presidont Naylor.
The question to be discussed
are the several matters on which
action was taken at the recent
Federation convention at Bevelstoke, which call for legislative
action or departmental regulations. Tho conference has been
arranged for an early date during the present session of the legislature in order to provide for
prompt action being taken on the
matters at issue.
of money spent in actual administration
of the scheme.
Such is the object lesson that the
state of Queensland offers to the world.
And it is but one, of the many things
thnt are being done in Australia for the
benefit of the worker,
not an injured workmnn may either
take hiB compensntion in a lump sum
or by gradual payments made weekly
or when he pleases,
No Costly Litigation.,
Privnte companies are still allowed
to do business, provided that they carry
out the law as laid down by the state
insurance office, nnd pay the same benefits, and no private company can make
a privato agreement with nn employee
for rates different to what the Btate
acts provides. All such agreements
mnde between private companies and
employees must bo inspected by the
government, and registered, so that tho
government cnn see that the law is car
ried into effect.
Thore nre no legal fees in connection
with tho stae insurance scheme, all
such advice being as free as the air the
peoplo breathe. The only legal claims
asked are when an applicant thinks fit
to contest the stnte clnim and, even in
this respect, costly litigntion is not nl
lowed, since but one appeal will bc
heard in each such ense and settled
Tn ensos whoro, owing to the denth
of tho breadwinner, payment is required
urgently by the dependent wife or children, provisions exist whero the actual
monoy nm be pnid within n couple of
hours following denth, with the absence
of red-tapism generally associated with
government departments.   Private com-
Discharged Men Are Beinstated and
New Scale of Wages Established.
The strike of the workers employed
by the Canadian Western* Steel Co. nt
Rodcliff and.Mcdicino Hat, reported at
last week's meeting of the Trndes nnd
Lnbor council, has been settled. Wm.
Grinnel, vice-president of the local,
writes stating that tho mon who were
discharged on account of unioo activities, have been reinstated and a satisfactory scale of wages ngreed upon.
Increased Facilities Needed
to Meet Business
Present Shed Is Filled and
Cargoes Are Waiting
Proposal to Name Candidate at Coming
By-election Is Endorsed.
At the meoting of the Civic Employees' union last Friday night, a resolution wns pnssed approving of tho proposal that tho Trades and Labor council
plnce a candidate in the field at the
coming by-eloction. Some doubt was
expressed as to tho scope of tho provision of tho civic authorities os to watchmen and others engaged on special
work being pnid overtime rates, and tho
secretary was instructed to have the
clause definitely outlined. Owing to
Mr. Woods, ono of tho union's delegntcs
to tho Trados and Lnbor council being
engaged ou night work, Mr. McFarlane
was chosen to tnke his place on tho
central labor body,
Winnipeg Firemen's Union.
At the meeting of tho Winnipeg
Trades and Labor council, tho question
of tho opposition of tho city council to
the Firemen's union wns discussed. The
lottor from the Vancouver Trades and
"jabor council and ono from the central
labor bodv of Hnmilton woro rend, stating thut there was no opposition to the
Firemen's unions in these cities. Tho
Hnmilton letter stated that as a result
of tho union, the firemen hnd obtained
nn increase of 10 per cont. last year,
and nnothor of 5 per cont. this year,
At a joint meeting of representatives of District 18, Western
Foderation of Miners, and their
employers, opened at Calgary laBt
Tuesday, tho minors presented
thoir domnnds on a new working
Theso provide for an all-round
advance of 25 per cent, in wages;
an eight-hour day for all claases
of work; extra pay for doublo
and treble shifts as woll as over-
tlmo rato for Sundays and holidays; wages to bo computod on
run-of-minc bnsis; differential to
be paid whoro blasting.is prohibited and alterations in tho goneral clauses of the old agreement.
The new agreement to expire Aug.
31, 1918.
The employors met on Wednesday and refused to consider tho
miners' demands, saying that no
negotiations would be entered
into with tho men until tho latter
had givon evidence that the terms
of any agreement which might be
reached would be adhered to.
THAT THE principle of public own
ership in connection with the government wharf on Burrard Inlet, which
is controlled by the Vancouvor Harbor
commission, is working out successfully
iB shown by tho fnct that already has
been developed the need for the consruc-
tion of an ndditionnl shed on the wharf
to meet the demnnds, the present large
shed being filled to its capacity, with a
large shipment of oil also stored on the
wharf, outside the shed.
A visit to tho inlet waterfront during the week shows that the statement
of the Hnrbor commissioners as to
governmont wharf meeting a positive
demand'was certainly well founded. Inside the great warehouse was stored
shipments of merchandise totalling over
7000 tons, while outside wns a shipment
of 5000 barrels of oil. In many cases
the shipments were piled up to the rafters of the shed, thus showing the wisdom of tho Harbor board in providing
a wharf of the most modern construction, capable of carrying exceptionally
heavy loads, to moot the demands of
shipping ot this port. Incidentally, it
may be mentioned that, ns far as construction is 'concerned, the Vancouver
government wharf is the best of its kind
on tho Pacific coast.
Foreign Shipments in Transit.
Nearly nil the merchandise on the
wharf consists of foreign shipments in
tranBit, such sb formerly went to other
Pacific coast points. Here, for instance,
Ih part of a cargo of sulphur and, again,
n large shipment of sugar beet seed.,
which is being stored whilo it is being
tested out before being shipped to its
destination in the States.
"You sec for yourself that the shed
is filled to its capacity, and thnt there
is an urgent need of additional accommodation for storage,'' snid Harbor
Commissioner McClay. "And you will
understnnd the need the more when I
tell you thnt on Saturday a shipment
of.3000 tons of rice is coming which the
shippers desire to be unloaded at the
whnrf. Just how we are going to nc-
cotnmQ.dnte.jt, I.don't peo just now, but
it is possible that some of the goods
now on tho floor will be shipped by
thnt time.
"Tho problem before tho Harbor
commissioners is not to get enoMgh business for the wharf—it is rather to accommodate the business which is being
offered us. Thore is not now in Vancouver n wharf which is capable of receiving a full ship's cargo, and I think
it is up to us to meet such a demand.
Such accommodation would mean thnt
a vessel could discharge its cargo vory
quickly, the longshoremen later attending more carefully to such shipments ns
nre to bo stored for a time. Provision
of this character is of great importance
to tho development of Vnncouvor ns n
shipping port, as every hour's delny at
a whnrf menns dollars to vessel owners
Charges on Wharf Are Low.
It was explained thnt the rntes on
the govornment wharf, both on transit
and storage charges, nro only half those
prevailing along the waterfront prior to
its opening, this point being declared
to show conclusively tho advantsgo of
public control along the waterfront.
Especial emphasis wns placed on thc
schedule of charges for storage, which
nro based on tho Bquaro foot occupied
as being greatly to the advantage of
tho merchant. This provision for storage at moderate rates allows a merchant
to order shipments in quantities, taking
them from stornge as ho needs thom,
without hnving the trouble nnd expense
of tnking them to a warcnouse.
The plans of the Harbor commission
for the development of the wharf to
meet tho demands contomplnto tho construction of a double-deck shed on tho
west sido of the pier, a warehouse of
this type onnbling shipments to be handled much moro expeditiously than is
otherwise possible, as well ns affording
double the storago Bpace than is otherwise
(In Vincouver V
City 12.00  )
$1.60 PER YEAR
One of tha old-timers in the trade, union
movement in New Westminster, who hss
joined the colors, enlisting last week in the
Foresters' contingent. Mr. Cameron is
well-known in the city as a partner in the
Auto Transfer Co., alito as a member of the
hospital board of the Columbian hospital.
While he has not been an sctrvo member of
any trade union for some time, he Is atlll
considered by all trade unionists to be one
of them. Pte. Camel on will be stationed
at Queen's Park for about a month, when
ho will be sent over-was with the next draft
from the company of which he Is a member,
B. C. Federation Is Asked to
Vigorously Oppose
i Proposal
Workers in the Shipyards
Organize to Better
Proper Figure Desired As Basis for
Compensation Board Action.
Yesterday morning Mr. F. Bodwoll,
of tho staff of tho Workmen's Compensation bonrd, met Mr. 6. J. Kelly of
tho Longshoremen's union, nnd J. H.
MeVety, of the Trados and Labor council. The conforenco wns arranged to
discusB tho question of a proper statement ns to the avorngo wages received
by longshoremen, this being desired by
tho Compensation bonrd in ordor to nr-
rive nt the percentage amount which
should be paid as componsntion in ense
of accidont.
After discussion of the matter, nr-
rangcmentB wero mnde for a further
conference on the Bubject with the full
Compensation board, tho meoting being
fixed for tomorrow morning.
Last Friday evening tho Longshoremen's union listened to an interesting
address by Mr, McVety on the Workmen's Componsntion Act. Tho underlying principles of tho measure wero outlined, ns wero also its many advantages
fro mtho standpoint of tho workor.
Fernie Miners Get Bonus.
Tho first payment of the war bonus,
on tin* promise of which tho conl miners
of District 18 went bnck to work, wns
paid this wook. It covored tho extra
payment for tho first half of February,
and totalled $10,000. A representative
of the department of Labor will be in
tho district shortly to nrrange for tho
pnyment of arrears, covering the bonus
due from Nov. 16 to Feb. 6.
VICTORIA, March 7.—Secretary A.
S. Wells, of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, has. been fl<j<vij>$l .during. t&e. past
week with resolutions from organizod
labor bodios, covering protests against
the re-estnblishment of the poll tax in
any form. These formal statements
have been the result of discussion or
the subject by civic and municipal au
thorities, and semi-public organizations,
such ns lead to the belief that an orgunized nttempt will be made this year
to again impose the tax.
The resolutions, without exception,
declare the attitudo of tho various locals
and unions, as strongly opposed to the
poll tax, nnd request the Federation officials to voice their protest to the provincinl authorities in a vigorous'manner. The resolutions are thoroughly representative ns to territory, coming
from the Craws' NeBt Pass and Boundary districts, as well as from many
points on the Island and other parts of
the mainland.
It is probable that tho protest, of organized labor will bo made when the
executive meet the government shortly
to discuss legislntion requested by the
Revelstoke convontion.
Shipwrights Present Demands.
Local 1598 of the*. Shipwrights and
Caulkers' union, has presented demands
to the employers for on increnso in
wages from April 1. Bhould the requested increase not be given, and the
agreement signed, thc men stato that
they will discontinue work nt that date.
The demands of tbe men are for a wage
of tS2 cents per hour, nnd nn eight-hour
dny, with double pay for holiday and
overtime work. The justice of thc increase is based ou the increased cost of
With the growth of shipbuilding activities in Victorin, tho men engaged in
the wood working trades in tho local
shipyards are seeing the necessity of
protecting their interests to n greater
degree, and orgnnizntion work Ts now
being carried on among theso workerB
with excellent  results.
As tho result of the recent successful
nttompt of the machinists nnd boilermakers to better thoir conditions and
tho fnithful work of Organizer "Dune"
McCallum, tho machinists here are now
able to report n practically 100 per cent,
SUNDAY, March 11—Musicians;
Stage Employees; Pllo Drivers
nnd Wooden Bridge Builders.
MONDAY, Mnrch 12—Amalgamated Engineers; Electrical
Workers; 1'attorn Makers; U.
B. Carptntors, No. 617; Bro.
Loco. Engineers; Streot Rnil-
wnymen's executivo.
TUESDAY, March 13—Stone Cutters; Pressmen; Barbers,
WEDNESDAY, March 14—Stor-
ootypors; Streot Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, March 15—TradeB
and Labor Couneil; Malnton*
ancc-of-way Mon.
FRIDAY, March 16—Railway
Carmon; Granite CutterB; Civic
Employees; Molders.
SATURDAY, March 17—Bakers.
Pres. Mahon's Report Shows
Benefit of Workers
Organizing '
Vancouver Car Men Enter
Team in the Billiard
THE REPORT of President W. D.
Mahon of the Street Railwaymen's
union, to the general executive board of
the organization, at its recent semi-annual meeting in Detroit, shows the great
advance which is possible for workers,
when thoroughly organized. During
.1016 the union organized and placed in
good working order 31 new divisions,
the membership of which was about
7000, The advances in wages obtained
through the work of the union totalled
$5,000,000, which benefitted 70,000 members. The increases obtained ran from
one to six cents per hour. At many
places, such as New York, where organization iB still imperfect, the activities
of tho union resulted in tho obtaining
of better pay for street car employees,
Sick Benefit Funds.
The report aa to sick benefit funds
showed that 90 divisions had established
such funds during 1916, while 20 other
divisions hnd made donations covering
the field. Of the 173 divisions reporting
on sick benefits, a total amount, general
and local, of $790,603 was reported aa
The report concludes with the statement that the showing of the street
[railwaymen for the year is such as re-
1 fleets great credit on the business way
in which ita affairs were handled, aud
entitles the organization to a front seat
on the band wagon of trades unionism.
Local Street Bailway Doings,
The Vancouvor street railwaymen
have entered a team in the billiard tournament of tho Commercial Billiard
league, tho boys playing their first gamo
on Mondny night with the David Spen-
cor team as opponents. Teams of five
men were entered on two gumos of 150
points each. Tho street railwaymen
came off eaBy winners by 164 pointB.
The first gamo waB closely contested,
the street railwaymen winning out by
47 points, but on the second game they
hnd a walkover, winning by 117 points,
The -street railwaymen 'a team- was composed of Messrs. Hamilton, Chapman
and Stouton (ench of whom won both
their games) and Lofting and Christian.
Mr. E. Jackson, who was oxpected to
play on the team, was unavoidably detained nt tho last momont, nnd Mr,
Christina kindly consented to tnke his
place on short notice.
Business Agent Hoover has received
a letter from Mr. J. McClymont, now
located '' somewhere in France,'' in
which ho reports he is still well, alive
and fighting. He states that he has met
Messrs. Blazier, T. Clinton and A. Andrews of the streot railwaymen's over-
BeaB contingent, all of whom were well.
Jas. Knowles, who has been confined
to the hospitnl because of a serious operation, has successfully recovered and
was taken home op Wedensdny.
Board of Works Advance Wages to the
Scale Observed By Sewerage Board.
At tbe meoting of the civic board of
works on Tuesdny, application was mude
on behnlf of nbout 50 men employed on
sower construction for nn advance of
wnges. The men have been receiving
$2.76 per day for bottom work, and
$2.50 for top work. They nsked for on
ndvance to $3.20 and $3. The aldermen
favored aomo advance being given, as
it was stated that their work was difficult nnd hazardous. It was finally decided to give the bottom men $3 and
top mon $2.80, this being Baid to bc tho
rate which wus paid by tho Greater
Vancouver Bewerago board.
An application from the wnrd foremen for nn advance from $83 to $100
per month, wbb referred to thc finnuco
committee. In tbo discussion, it wns
said that if thero is to bo nn all-round
ndvance of wnges, tho question of cutting down the staff would hnve to be
Cases Recall Disappearance of Halibut
Fishing Steamer Onward Ho.
The unfortunate end of tho 37 members of tho crow of the halibut fishing
stenmor Onward Ho, many of thoBe lost
being members of tho Deep Sea Fishermen's union, wns brought forward in
the supromo court this week. Tho dependents of 15 members of the crew
hnve sued the B. C. Packers' Co., owners of the vessel, for damages in connection with the case, proceedings on
the first action being started on Mondny. Tho plnintiff submitted evidence to tho effect that the Onward Ho
was unsoaworthy, and thnt its boilers
woro so defective thnt it wns not a proper vessel to be used for halibut fishing
in northern waters. Tho action wns dismissed on Tuosdny, Mr. Justice Clement
saying thnt any opinion ns to tho cause
of tho foundering of tho vessel wjib
mere guesswork.
Tho Onward Ho loft the Alaska fishing grounds on Jan. 18 of last yoar,
loaded with 200,000 lbs. of hnlib.it. She
was seen tho following dny by a Sonttlo
steamer, then being bo heavily coated
with ico as to weight tho vessel down
forward. Thereafter no trnco of tho
vessel has ever been found, nnd it iB
supposed that sho went down at son or
wafl wrecked on Borne of tho rocky islands off the Alaska const. At tho
time, tho Fishermen's union mndo vigorous protests to the government ns to the
ineffective manner In which tho search
for traces of the vessel was conducted,
At the meeting of the civic
finance committee on Wednesday
afternoon, Ramsay & Pinchin offered to supply breed required by
the eity during the year nt the
rate of 24 pounds for $1. This
works out at 4 1-6 cents per pound
The Vancouver workingman is
compelled by Vancouver bakers
to pay at the rate of 8 cents per
pound, or about double the price
charged the city.
The difference between the
price paid by the city and tbe
price to the worker is nearly 4c
on the pound.
While it is true that the city
order provides for daily deliveries
of about 50 loaves* each at certain
points, it will be hard to prove to
the ordinary man that the difference on delivery cost can possibly
add 5 5-6 cents on the price of a
add 4 centa on the price of pound.
This would appear to be good
data for tbe civic committee on
the cost of living to consider.
Org. Robjnson Reports Outlook for Ita
Success Is Promising.
Org. Jas. Robinson of the Carpenters
I union, returned from Victoria yesterday,
and reports a very successful organization trip. On Wednesday- evening he
instituted a Ship Joiners' local of the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners, which starts oat with a good
membership and excellent prospects. At
the organization meeting, there was
some discussion as to the union with
which affiliation should be made, but
the decision as to uniting with the
brotherhood was reached because thia
branch usually covers the wood workers
in shipyards.
Encouraging Report By Organiser Mc
Galium As to Outlook on Island.
'Dune" McCallum, the popular or
ganizer of the Machinists' union, arrived in Vancouver yesterdny morning
after a strenuous -week in Victoria, during which he led the machinists of that
city to victory in their dispute with
their employers and also did effective
organizntion work for his union.
Ho reports that Victoria is now rapidly becoming a good "union" city. In
addition to tho rapid growth of the
union with which he is connected, good
organization work wns being lone
among tbo shipyard workers and the
blacksmiths were alao organizing.
Things wero certainly looking up there
from thetrndea union standpoint.
Mr. McCallum will be engaged during
the presont month in looking aftor tho
interests of his organization on the
mninlnnd, where organizntion work is
now boing enrried on at many points
with excellent results.
Deputation Has Been Appointed to Interview Oovernment on Subject.
The journeyman bakers of Vancouver are endeavoring to obtain the
amendment of the provincial Bake
Shops Act so as to better protect the
interests of the men, A petition, signed by 75 members, nnd which outlined
the requests of tho men, was recently
Bent to Premier Brewster, nnd nssur-
aiicoa have been given by tho local
members of tbe legislature thnt n deputation will be given an opportunity of
explnining their views to the government.
Tho suggested regulations provide for
a maximum working woek of 54 hours,
Oach shop to keep a timo book, with n
ponnlty being estublished for mnking
false entries therein. All manufacture
of bread or cake is to be done between
0 a.m. and 6 p.m., and provision ia mndo,
'except for dough-makers, for two hours
off on Fridays or dnys preceding holidays. No man is to bo required to work
more than five hours without timo for
Tho regulations cover tho fiold of
sanitation by providing thnt no Orientals shall be employed in bake shops,
and thnt nil employees shall pass a medical examination every three months.
Domestic Employees to Organize.
A cnll has beon issued for nn open
meoting of all Vancouver domestic employees, nt which tho question of forming an orgnnizntion for tho protection
nnd betterment of those enguged in this
work will bo considered. A similar organization ifl now in operation nt Calgary, the scope covered being wnges,
hours of labor and working conditions.
At tho Seattle civic election on
Tuesday for threo members of tho
city council, tho candidates returned wero those who had received the endorsement of orgunized lnbor, and whose views wero
in accordance with tho policios of
labor men. Tho election is a distinct victory for tho Souttlo labor
Of tho nowly-olectod members
for the next three years, Robt. B.
Hosketh is well-known as n trades
unionist, und 0. T. EricltBon is a
strong advocate of municipal
ownership and othor policies favored by labor. Theso two men
were ro-elccted. W. D. Lane, tho
new candidate who received
labor's endorsement, ran on a
municipal ownership platform,
and was elected against C. Allen-
dalo, who ran for ro-olcction on a
platform opposod to municipal
iwnerBhip, the ndvoency of which
principle resulting in his winning
tho booby prize on the ballot.
Recognition of Rights of
Labor Is Absolutely
Winnipeg Men Ask Proper
Wage for  Farm
, Mr. B. B. Bennett, M. P., director of
I National Service, is now on a "hurrah"
' trip through the northwest, holding conferences at which the question of providing sufficient labor for agricultural
work in the section is discussed. In the
preliminary announcement concerning
those conferences, it was stated that re-
j presentatives of labor would have 9_
! voice, but, according to press reports of
tho meetings, this provision has been
practically forgotten. Also there appears to have been a lapse of memory
as to the meaning of the clause of the
registration cards which promised "the '
'same wagon as men were receiving"
for work in other parts of Canada
where their services were deemed necessary.
At the last meeting of the Winnipeg
Trades and Labor council, a report on
the Manitoba conference was submitted. This stated that Mr. Bennett delivered a patriotic and politioal oration,
which made promises galore as to what
tho Dominion would do if Manitoba was
sincere iu its purpose. He said that
■ 7000 advertisements were being inserted
in United States publications, and it
was expected that eaeh would bring two
farm laborers.
No Answer to Labor's Views.
Mr. Veitch, for the labor unions, said
what ho wanted was an Assurance as to
fair wagea being given for the work
suggested. The government Bhould put
up the difference between the $40 per
month the farmers were willing to' pay
and the amount the man was now* re-
| ceiving nt other employment. Mr. Mac-
Donnell said Labor was sacrificing more
than any other class in this war, and
was rapidly approaching tbe point
where it had nothing more to sacrifice.
Personally he had gone .to enlist, but
had left tho recruiting office when he
found that the aetion would reduce the
standard of living of his family to an
impossible standpoint.
To all these representations as to the
government taking action which would
make good the difference between a
wngo for the maintenance of a proper
standard of living and that offered by
the farmers, Mr. Bennett hud no satisfactory reply. All he did aay was that
families were living in Belgium on 5
cents per day, und men were enlisting
for $1.10 per day, the director having
[completely forgotten anything printed
on the registration cardB as to difference in wngeB being mndo up somehow.
On a definite stntement as to the Dominion authorities paying transportation,
Mr. Bennett said it was unreasonable
: to expect eastern provinces to pay taxes
for such a purpose.
Edmonton Meeting Was Private.
The efforts of Mr. Bennett nt Edmonton appear, according to the preas, to
have been of a "closed door'' naturo,
his meeting at that place having been
a privato conference with tho members
of the provincial legislature, at which
press repreBcntntivcs were the only outsiders present. (
Present Charter to Be ConttMMt Mf
Application Made for a NejiH^My:
Steps are now boing taken r
organization of tho Civic ha
union. Thc local is now operating twaer
un international chnrter, which properly covers organizations of building
laborers, although only a small percentage of its membership rcully come under
this head. The present plan is to continue the existing churtor, nnd also establish a now local fur men who are
purely civic employees. An application
for the new charter will bo made to tho
Trados and Labor Congress of Canada,
which has, in tho past, granted such
charters in the Dominion. Should this
{■nurse bo deemed inadvisable, a churter
will bo requested from tho American
Federation of Lnbor along thc samo
lines us thnt recently granted to the
Firemens' union of the city.
Ottnwa press despatches stated that
Attorney-general Macdonald has consented to tho proBoeution of tho British
Columbia Sugar Refinery in tho courts
of this province, as requested some
weeks ngo by Mr. W. O'Connor, tho Dominion commissioner investigating the
question of the high cost of living. It
is said that thc Ottawa authorities express surprise at. tho delny in assenting
to thc roquost, as tho Alberts authorities promptly gave their consent, and
the doluy of tho British Columbia authorities has hindered the progress of
tho case. Pending tho hearing of the
cuso in thc courts, tho refinery is snid
to havo reliovcd its customers from the
agreements on which tho prosecution Is
to bo based.
Early in tho weok, Mr. A. I. Fisher,
member from Fernie, discussed in the
provincial houso tho delay of tho government in assenting to tbo prosecution. Ho pointed out tho fncts already
anted in tho columns of Tho Federationist as to tho B. C, Refinery selling sugar
on tho prairies nt lowor prices than
prevailed ou tho const, and declared
that a thorough investigation of tho refinery's methods was imperatively demanded.
Department Official Suspended.
Ottnwa press despatches report that
Hon. Mr. Crothers, miniBtor of labor,
hns suspended Gerald H. Brown, who
hns been fllling tho post of assistant
deputy in tho Labor department Bince
1010, Mr, Crothers declines to give any
reason for the suspension or to discuss
tho matter in any way. PAGE TWO
...March 9, 1917
Deposits  64,000,000
Household Banking
in Tho Bank of Toronto hnvo beon
found by many to be a grent convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, nnd either may deposit
or withdraw money. Intorost is
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid-up Oapital $6,000,000
Beserve Fund 6,500,000
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts.
fa. R. OWEN
Malleable   Bongos,   Shelf   and
'Heavy Hardware;   screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Pbone: Fair. 447
Alterations or corrections in
listings in the telephone directory
should be arranged ior during the
next two weeks.
If you contemplate putting in a
telephone, do it now, and have
your name listed in the next issue.
You advertise! There is no
better medium in circulation on
the Lower Mainland.
Tout Fruit Trees, Shrubs, Botes,
etc., from
1403 Seventh Ave. West, Vincouver.
Satisfaction guaranteed. Descriptive
catalogue FREE. Handsome premium
ln plants for list of prospective planters. __
Sellable salesmen wanted in B. O.
and Middle West provinces. Got our
attractive proposition.   Write today.
Out-of-town Union Men wbo visit
Vancouver should pay a visit to
Perry & Dolk
The Labor Temple
Union Tailora
, Piek out a spring suit and get it
properly made, union-made, combined with right treatment.
Best Customers
are among th* trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver.
We Will Make Terms to
Suit You
Come in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture in
British Columbia.
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln the horn* of every
Fair. 2624
Labor Temple Press    Sey. 4490
Refined Service
One Blook west of Court Houso.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymonr 2425
Published every Friday morning by tlie B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettipiece .Manager
Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription: $1.50 per yoar; in Vancouvor
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00.
New Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1536
Fiold Circulation Booster Geo. F. Stirling
'Unity of Labor:   tbo Hope of tbe World*'
FRIDAY March 9, 1917
with energetic protests against thc infamies that are being heaped upon those
who dare to take active part in the
great struggle of our claBB against its
rulers und masters, bat to also come
through with the cash wherewith to
wage the fight in the very courts of tho
enemy. Either we must do that or lay
down our arms and give up the struggle.
And that we refuse to do.
New York. There must be some mistake in this, for the returns of the late
elections shows that several hundred
thousand workingmen voted the repub-
'ican and democratic tickets. It is a
rying shame that a great state like
New York should issue such misleading
NEVER SINCE  the  days  of the
Haymarket affair at Chicago, and
the judicial murder of four lead-
ng agitators and workers for the eight-
hour movement which was thon on, lias
there been
A MOST dosperate and infa-
SINISTER mous    attempt    to
FRAME-UP. railroad   prominent
Labor men to tho
gallows, than is now being made in San
Francisco in the case of Billings, Moon-
oy aijd the others accused of participation in the preparedness parade outrage
of last summer. Billings has already
been convicted of murder, in this connection, and is now serving u life sentence in the penitentiary. And now"
Thomaa J. Mooney has been adjudged
also guilty aad sentenced to be hanged
on May 17. Tho conviction of Billings
was secured through the testimony of a
dope fiend, a notorious prostitute, a detective and other similar attaches of the
underworld, and tho verdict was rendered by a "professional jury," that is
a bum lot of city hall hangers-on who
live by what they can piek up in the
way of jury fees. It may be readily
seen that theBe worthies must come
through with the goods as per order, or
their means of living would be cut off.
Under auch circumstances of jury and
witnesses, it is a foregone conclusion
that even the gentle Nazarene would
have met the same fate in the Chriation
city by the Golden Gate in 1917 as He
met at Jerusalem 1000 yeara ago, had
ill-fortune ao ordered as to cause him to
be at the former place and to have incurred the enmity of the San Francisco
chamber of commerce, as did Billings,
Mooney and their comrades,
* *      *
But as infamous and rotten as was the
frame-up against Billings, that against
Mooney appears to be infinitely worse.
He was convicted upon the testimony
of an alleged "rich cattle man from
Orogon," whose evidence was corroborated by the identical dope field used in
the Billings case, but whose evidence
had to be so altered in order to fit in
with the "cattle man's" weird tale,
that it was a palpable contradiction of
what he had sworn to in testifying
against Billings. Although the evidence of these two worthies was completely upset by twenty-one witnesses
and seven photographs showing that
Mooney was at his home a mile and a
quarter away from the scene of the
bomb explosion at the time it occurred,
while both of the frame-up witnesses
swore they saw him and others bring the
"s-jitcase" and .place it at the fateful
corner just in time to get in its deadly
work, the jury very promptly brought in
a verdict of murder in the first degree.
* ft      *
The Mooney jury was not a jury of
"professionals." It was a jury of respectable business men. And it did Ub
work well. Business men, upon general
principles, must be against all labor
agitators and their nefarious efforts to
organize their fellows for the purpose
of bettering their conditions in the hard
struggle of life. Evidently the business
gentlemen who served upon this particular jury were eminently loyal and true
to the fundamental principle of business
and that is to keep the laboring pooplo
where they properly belong, meek and
docile in that station in Ufe to which
they have been appointed by an all-wise
business providence. Whenever tin*
among them so far foreet tV'» selves aa
to cry out too loudly and energetically
in protest against their economic flagellation at the hands of their business
mastors, it stands to reason that they
should be hanged by the necks until
they are dead, no matter whethor thoy
be proven guilty of any other specific
offenso against sacred "law and ordor"
or not.
* *      *
It is now up to the organized forces
of labor whether Mooney shall bo mur-
derod in cold blood by the ruling class
authorities or not. From all we can
gather, there never was a more reckless
and cold-blooded attempt to take the
lives of men whose labor activities havo
been displeasing to their economic masters, than this San Francisco affair. In
spito of a veritable deluge of now evidence that has been brought to light
since Mooney's conviction, and which
still further controverts the evidence
upon which the conviction was obtained, a new trial has been denied nnd the
matter is now left to be appealed to a
higher court. This may in turn bo denied, and it no doubt will be, unless tho
forces of organized labor are energetic
and active in the mattor of frustrating
the fiendish scheme to murder Mooney.
But to fight these brutal attempts to
murder our active and courageous agitators and leaders and thus do violence
to the only movement upon earth that
makes for human betterment and the
uplift of civilization, costs money ns
well as effort. Even courts of "justice" (God save the mark) cannot be
appealed to without heavy cost in real
red gold. Hence it is up to the workers
themselves to not only como through
AMONG THE MANY gems that
have fallen to the lot of this office the above shines forth with
a lustre that is positively dazzling, ll
came to us from the columns of the Seattle Times, being
A LESSON IN contributed thereto
OBEDIENCE by a female corres-
AND LOYALTY, pondent, who evidently possesses i
conception of the ideal working man
that would meet with tho approval of
the dullest capitalist brain on earth. If
thoro is anything calculated to meet the
requirements of the rulers and tht
mighty of tho earth, it is absolute obe
dienco upon the part of their slaves
Obodienco to authority, that is tho
thing, no matter for what purpose that
authority ia to be used. And come to
think of it, that samo blind obedience
is, even now, the rule rather than thc
except ion among the people of tho earth,
If this were not so, wo are at a Iosb
to account for the splendid spectacle
of anywhere from ten to twenty millions of people now busily engaged in
the noble art of killing each other off
at the mere word of command from their
masters and rulers. Were it not for
that dog-like obedience upon the part
of the common herd, the presentation of
such a grand spectacle would be impossible.
* #      *
Of course, it iB necessary to the rising
generation that the lesson of blind obedience be most thoroughly taught. That
is, it is vitally necessary to that part of
the rising generation that is to succeed
our present rulers and masters in the
glorious and time-honored practice of
ruling and robbing the rest. And our
faithful friend the dog affords an excellent example of the ideal slave, and
is well worthy of emulation by every as
pirant for such an honor. The dog will
cravenly lick the hand that wields the
lash, and that is just what an ideal
human slave .ought to do. In fact, he
ought to be compelled to do so in case
he lacks the innate decency and virtue
to acquire the accomplishment on his
own hook. Is not obedience to authority one of the chief reasons advanced
in favor of military training for the
youth of the land? Have we not been
entertained with joyful tales about how
military training will set up our youth
and teach that respect for authority
upon which all rule and robbery rests?
Why, of course we have, and we all
know very well that it will do all of
that, and do it easy. Of course we do.
And if it were not for tho authority
part of it, there would be no incentive
to prompt the organization of such an
establishment anyhow. So there you
* *      *
But when it comes down to using the
dog as an example of loyalty to one's
country, it doeB not seem to work out
just right. The dog will fight for his
immediate master and Mb immediate
household, but he will not go hence to
muss up the premises and households of
others, not even at the word of command by his master. If there is to be
any fighting, the master must needs lead
the way and participate in the dangers
incidental to the scrap. The dog may,
upon occasion, wage fierce bottle in defense of his own kennel, but he rarely
goes abroad for the purpose of whaling
some other canine out of his. And another peculiar thing about the dog is
that all dogs look alike to him, provided they wag their tails in greeting.
And no amount of piffle upon the part
of their masters ean break down dog
convention in this respect. But it is
not so with human dogs. They can be
made to believe anything tbeir masters
wish them to believe. They can even
be made to believe that other human
dogs are deadly enemies and deserve to
be killed, just because they happen to
have been born upon the other side of a
lino that does not exist. But you can*
not stuff a dog—that is a canine one—
with that sort of fllling. That is one
thing about that sort of a dog that
might woll be emulated by the human
* *      *
One particularly valuable trait about
the dog ia that he is seldom rebellious,
and never revolutionary* If he is rebellious, a good trouncing will bring
him to reason and his love for his master will be intensified thereby. What
an Elysium this world would be for rulers and masters if slaves would—and
they no doubt could if they earnestly
set themselves to the task—emulate the
dog in obedience and loyalty to those
rulers and masters. It would, indeod,
be heaven, right here and now. And
thore you are again.
Just to show that the only menace to
berty and democracy there is in the
world lies with the Teuton savuges of
Europe, Now, Zealand is filling her prisons with those who dure to criticize
the conscription scheme that her tory
government forced upon the country last
summer. - But liberty und democracy
»i!l bo forever safe onee wo have licked
the Huns.   Sure thing, Miko,
According to tho San Francisco Bulletin, the onions that tire now being sold
by tho local dealers of that city at
$12.50 per hundred pounds, were bought
from the growers at $2.00 per hundred.
This not only throws a valuable light
upon tho high cost of living, but incidentally an illuminating sidelight upon
the manner in which wealth accrues to
the horny-handed agriculturist of the
commission house district.
Character  of. Membership
Will Largely Decide
Reasons   for   Harmonious
Action of Conflicting
There were 1083 applications made
for indemnity under the B. C. Workmen's . Compensation Act during tho
months of January and February, and
others are still coming in from victims
of industrial mishaps thnt occurred
prior to March 1. The sufety engineer
of tho state accident commission of
California, rocently stated that there
were 300 industrial accidentB in that
state each day. Peace hath her casualties as well as war.
That political stench known as the
Hughes coalition government of Australia has been forced to declare a general
election immediately following the dissolution of the present parliament. It
will be quite interesting to see just how
triumphantly that distinguished political four-flusher will bo returned to
power. Also how completely the electorate will reverse its anti-conscription
vote of last fall. Dollars to doughnuts
it will be uncomfortably interesting to
the "man of fat."
Capital rests securely upon its throne
so long as the highest concept of labor
ib envisionod in the collective bargain,
tho strike, the boycott and the picket,
for those in no manner threaten slavery
and the supremacy of slave masters.
They are merely petty annoyances to be
dealt with by the paid hirelings and
tools of the great slave-holding interests. In the last analysis they are good,
for do they not furnish employment to
numerous deserving persons who might
otherwise march in the ranks of the unemployed, or become recipients of charity?  .—
No, no, Snm, labor is not a commodity
but labor power is. Labor is merely the
agony that tho seller of the commodity
labor power experiences in delivering
the merchandise he has Bold. The commodity labor power is usually measured
by the clock und the seller muBt deliver
the goods. The agony of labor does not
require to be measured, as it is not sold.
It rightfully belongs to the worker, who
sells his labor power, and he gets it.
By the way, it is about the only thing
that he ever does get for nothing. It
iB all clear profit, and no one, not even
tho state, has ever yet attempted to deprive him of it.
The "freedom ofithe scub" is rather
a good joke. At' least it is under presont world circumstances. The only
possible freedom of the seas would be
under the entire absence from all the
waters of tho earth of anything and
everything in the shape of an armed
vessel or other marine appliance Would
those nations which are so desirous of
realizing the "freedom of the seas"
agree to that? It would certainly be
fnr cheaper than the method now practiced. Furthermore, it would realize
that freedom, whilo the present method
brings about exactly the opposite result.
Peculiar how wise our great statesmen
are, isn't it?
We solemnly affirm that never during
our long and venturesome career did the
potato possess the tempting and appetizing flavor that it does now. Can it
be possible that it was at one time considered suitable food for the poor?
Among tho terrible hardships resulting from the war we note that the London and Southwestern Bank, Ltd., wub
only able to declare a dividend of 34
per cent, last yoar. Prior to the war,
tho uflual dividond was from 40 to 60
por cent.   Oh, the horror of it.
The mayor of this city, requis-
tioning the services of a job lot of male
and fomale scalawags dubbed detectives,
hns unearthed the alarming fnct that
booze is served In numerous hotels and
cafes, often in violation of the sacred
law. The Hotel Vancouver is not among
the pinched.
It is officially reported that there are
30,000 mental defectives in the stato of
It is common talk among certain self-
constituted wise guys that "the workers have for centuries gone hungry because they produced too much to eat?"
And yet the veriest tyro in economies
knows better than that. They have not
gone hungry because they produced too
much to eat, but because they were
slaves and thus compelled to produce
for others to eat and not for themselves.
And that is all that ails the producers
of wealth today. They are merely
slaves buiaily engaged in producing
wealth for masters and more than often
going hungry and ill-clad themselves.
What is tho use of telling untruths
about this matter? The factB are plain
enough to be easily grasped by any one
possessed of as much sense as God is
said to have givon geese.
What is the good of all of this fuss
over the awful cost of war in money?
If kaisers czars, kings and emperors
want war, why should they not have it
as costly as possible? Doos it become
such notnbles to be put off with cheap
trash? Thoy do not eat cheap food, nor
wear cheap raiment. They neither drink
cheap wine, nor indulge in cheap
smokes. Then why in the name of decency should any one even intimate
that they Bhould be provided with cheap
entertainment, like war, for instance?
Nay, nay, Pauline, Now is the time for
every patriot to jump in and make the
war cost as much as possible, in order
that it may do credit to—let us say—
the kaiser, who is alleged to have pulled
it off. And it would be interesting to
know just how many Canadian patriots
are not jumping in and doing their best
while the doing is good. Dashed few,
if you ask ub.
Have the peoples of the world gone
mad? With billions of wealth going
into munitions of war, to slaughter and
maim; with othor billions of wealth in
property being destroyed; with all the
beBt in civilization and Christianity
thrown to the winds; with tnousandsoi
women and children in all countries,
neutral as well as belligerent, crying for
food, and right beBide them munition-
makers waxing fat on holliflh-gotten
gains; with ships loaded with food being sent to the bottom daily, and millions of men being sent against each
other to murder ana mutilate; each nation calls upon the same God and asks
His help and guidance—and each nation bolievos firmly as the other that
Ho is on its side, and its people go to
Him in humble prayer to give thanks
for tho help they have received at His
handBl The god of war has made cow-
ardB of us all! We see the destruction;
we know the evil and the frightfulness
of it nil; we know in our own consciousness whero it must eventually lead
us; and yet, in our. false notion of loyalty and pntriotlBm, we cry for more
men, moro munitions, more Ships, more
starvation, that we may feed the beBt
we have, and all we canget anfl are as
fodder to the cannon, we are a Christian people. We pray loudly and hate
oach other as only Christians can bate.
—Enderby Press.
else in the world, are subject to
what is known as the historical process.
This, in brief, means that organizations
are born, thoy grow and ever adjust
thomselves to the changing environment
and whon they have ceased to sorvo a
purpose, they die, says tho Alaska
Labor Nows.
Labor unions are no exception to tho
rule.' Labor organizations come into existence becauso the workers have learned by experience the value of standing
together to protect their interests. The
scope and character of any union is determined by the intelligence and viewpoint of the membership composing it.
Organization implies first of all a recognition of a common interest, a basis
upon which persons may unite for tho
purpose of accomplishing a certain object. The common ground upon which
wage and salary workors may unite is
that they must all find a purchaser for
their labor-power. They all have the
samo commodity to sell, and are therefore concerned in getting as big a prico
as possible for the sale of this commodity. They are also interested in obtaining as good conditions as possible in
which to work.
The Real Labor Union.
As a result of this, there will arise
the union which has for its aim and object the maintaining of the best possible
conditions for the laborers as wage-
workers. Such a union does not anticipate the overthrow of the present system of exploitation, it seeks only to alleviate present conditions. Its ideas and
concepts of life are in harmony with the
interest of the master class.
In contradistinction to this type of a
union is the one which iB organized for
the purpose of helping to end tho system of exploitation, and to prepare the
worker for that timo when his class
shall become the possessing class, and
aB a result of this ownership, become
the only claBB in society.
The union man who has no higher
ideal than to secure good conditions
for the laborers as wage-workers, whose
only concern is that he is always able
to get a job, such a union man will Beck
to conform or adjust himself to the present order. His list of virtues will conform1 to the interests of the capitalist
class. He will be a most obedient servant to law and order as established
by the master class.
The Union Man with Visions.
Thc union man who sees visions of a
now order of society, whose ideal state
is one in which no man is dependent
upon another man for the opportunity to
earn his bread, is a very different type
from the one who sees no farther than
securing good conditions undor capitalism. This type of a union man will not
bo satisfied with anything less than tho
complete overthrow and abolition of tho
system of exploitation. He sees tn the
present wage system tho essentials that
mako for tho most vicious kind of slavery. The poverty and crime and much
of the misery of the present day Bociety
cnn be traced to the door of capitalism.
He knows that the reforms that may be
introduced into Bociety will never balance the evils that are inherent in the
presont syBtem, that the only cure for
the social ills is the reorganizing of Bociety on an entirely new basis. Our
present mode of production requires
that it shall be along co-operative lines,
the day of the individual iu business is
about over. Tho day of combinations
has already arrived, and this principle
is destined to be the leading feature of
the new social regime.
The Revolutionary Unionist.
The revolutionary industrial unionist
will join with his fellow worker of the
conservative type of mind in seeking to
improve conditions under the wage system, for he knows that the higher tho
standard of life, the more vitality the
worker has to fight the battles of his
class. He knows that when men are
hungry they are only concerned to find
a job. He knows that when they are
jobless thoy becomo desperate, and desperate mon aro dangerous. But the
conservative unioniBt, the member who
has no vision and hope of a new social
order, who is not working for the overthrow of capitalism, will not join with
the revolutionary industrial unionist
when it comes to this part of the union
programme that involves the overthrow
of capitalism.
Just to the extent that both these
eloments aro represented ln a Labor
union will there be more or Iobb antagonism, and tho degroo of harmony that
provails at any given time will depend
on the importance of any Bpeciflc issue
that may unito all elements during such
But when the larger problem of establishing the dominancy of the workers in
society looms up, there will be an inevitable conflict between the conservative and revolutionary elements, and
any offorts to harmonize these antagonistic forces will prove disastrous to the
revolutionary movemont. At such
times, harmony ceases to be a virtue,
and the workor who does not give himself to the overthrow of capitalism, and
to the establishment of the new Bocial
order, is a traitor to his class.
Allied Printing Trades Council—K. H. Nub-
lands, Box 66.
Harbors—S. H. Grant, 1301 Seventh avenue
Dartendors—W. 11. Smith, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cattell, 3206 Fifteenth Ave.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Eraser, 1161 Howe atreet.
Brewery Workers—Frank Graham, 2260 12th
avneue west.
Bricklayers—William 8, Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpentera Dlstriot Counoll
—G. H. Page, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Harwood sireei.    Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1286 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—
Brotherhood    of    Malntenance-of-Way    Employees—E. Corado, 236 Clark drive.
Cigarmakers—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory, Georgia street.
Cooks,  Waiters,  Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Bea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workera (outalde)—E.   H.   Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple,
Engineers-— (Steam   and  Operating)—W.   A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite   Cutters—Edward   Hurry,   Columbia
Garment Workers—Mn. Jardlne,'Labor Temple.    *
Horseshoers—Labor Temple,
Letter    Carriers—Robt.    Wight,    177—17th
•venae weat.
Laborera—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Tomple.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 10 Powell St,
Machinists—J.   Brooks,   Room   211,    Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H. J. Braifleld, Room 806, Labor
Molders—G.  F.  Nichols,   121   Sixth  avonue
Moving Picture Operators—A. A. Hanson, P.
O. Box 84S.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty atreet.
Painters—Jaa.   Wilson,   Room   808,   Labor
Plumbers — Room     206 _,    Labor   Temple.
Pbone Soymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo.  Rush,  2276 Fourteen Ave.
west.    Bayvlew 2215L.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouver—E.   Westmoreland, 1612 Tew street.
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn,   oare  Columbia Hotel.
Seamen's  Union—W.   S.  Burns, P. O.  Box
Structural Iron Workers—Room 208, Labor
Sheet Metal Workers—J, W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street  Railway  Employees—A.  V.   Lofting,
2561 Trinity street.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, eare Provinoe.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 842.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. w. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers   and   Helpers—A,   Jamieson,   640
Twenty-third avenne east.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210. Labor Temple,
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 66.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRE8S OF CANADA—Meets In eonvention September of
eaeh year, Exeoutlve board: Ju. 0. Watters
president; vice-presidents: A. Watchman, Victoria, B. C.; James Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; aeeretary-treasurer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 615, Ottawa, Ont.
f Fire
Insurance fig-£
690 Richards Street     Sey. 4434
Unequalled Vaudeville Mean,
2:45, 7:20, 9:16     Season', Price,:
Matinee, 16c; Evenings, 16c, 25c
J. Edward Sears     Offlce: Sey. 4146
Barristers, Solicitors, Conveyancers, Etc.
Victoria and Vancourer
Vancouvor Office: 616*7 Roffors Bldg.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Vancouver Pickle  Co.
ask for
Highland 21   Factory 801 Powell
Phone Bey. 6183   1296 Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
•fobbing Work t Specialty
Phone Sey. 186 and Ros. Bay. 77
1033 OBANVILLE ST., Vaneouvar
Canadian Northern Terminal.
Now thnt the Dominion Railway commission hus authority over tho Cant-
dian Northern in thin province, the Vancouver aldermen will aBk the board,
when It holdB a sossion in Vancouver
shortly, to demand thnt the railway proceed promptly with work on the False
Creek seawall, nnd the hotel, as promised In the agreement with the olty.
The net roBult of constant protests by
the city to date has been a littlo desultory work on the seawall.
Open Forum Meeting.
Mr. T. MathowB will spenk on "The
Abolition ot Capital Punishment," at
tho open forum on Sunday afternoon at
2:30, in O'Brien hull. Mr. 0. M. Wood-
worth will preside.
"We Want Tour Electrical Work"
The Jarvis Electric Co.
Opposite Labor Tempi*
Headquartera for Labor men.   Ratea
76c and  fl.00 per day.    <
92.50 per wook and up.
Oafe at Reasonable Ratei.
Get busy and havo your old bloyote
made like new. Wo will enamel and
make yonr wheal look like now from
$5.50 up.   All kinds of repairs at
518-518 Hove Hastlngi 412
Pride of Alberta, and
Mothers' Favorite Flour
Phont 6416 1228 Hamilton
Hemstitching Plcot Edging
Buttons OoTtni    Pleating
Scalloping Baching
Button Holes        Embroidery
Pinking Hemming
Sponging anl Shrinking Lettering
6S3 Granville St.      1319 Dooglaa St.
Phont Sey. 3191 Phont 1160
.. 4    -     BAKING
NABOB powder
Baking is a pleasure when
NABOB Baking Powder is
used, because it is a pure,
healthful baking powder, always certain safe and sure.
the Spring
Strong, serviceable, solid leather throughout.
But we don't sacrifice appearance—NO, SIE. Your feet will
look neat and stylish in LECKIE
BOOTS—and yon will get tho service and comfort that goes with
every pair.
Tho Quality goes IN before the
Name goes ON—that's a LECKIE!.
Strain Your Eyes	
Waste Your Health!
I P your eyes are defective, they aro
!t»h. -', ,;on"»*lt. ■*"•••■*. ami this
■train of the most Important organ of
the body (so closely |„ touoh with the
great control storehouse of energy) Ib
a constant drain upon tbo vitality.
il™M.Tjnl". .■••Wle'MUM), indlges-
tlon and stomach troublB, and niiny
fii'VT'L'""" -M'turbanc,., Including headache and extreme nervous*
ne;,, are often cauied by eye, that are
?»'«»"> »■«-■« th. possessor ".*&' I
of those things, ,„„ W|U do well ,J
have your eyes examined at onco.
Defective vision, of course, mean,
tnat tho eye, aro dofeotlvo, aad that
glasses are required.   To delay means
goroli       ■""•"n'ort.   It may be dan*
.SmliA°.!n >A~—t yen, .yet.
Attend to tham at ouoa aud avail
TL*":^°V cr,*ut *>*** *—"
» pouible for you to secure your
(lams at one. and pay for thtm
walla you are wearing tham.
8th floor BiikB Building
j . Soymour 4666
IF it'a a STEAK or a CHOP
-a FISH or a SALAD-
the plaoe to get it is at the
Leading Union
First Class Cafe
Directly Opposite the
Orpheum Theatre, Granville Street feElDAY. March 9, 1917
The Best Overall Buys
in the City
Peabody's at $1.75 and our own special at $1.25, each
of them without an equal in the trade. The Spencer overall is made of heavy denim in plain black,
plain blue and blue with white stripe; it's built
generously, and we have never known it to fail to
give satisfaction. The Peabody overall is known
fight across the continent; its' overall perfection
in every sense of the word. You can't buy better
at any price.
Men's Moleskin Trousers—The best thing of its kind
we know; looks like and will wear as well as the
finest worsted trousers you can buy; 5 pockets,
belt loops, cuff bottom; all sizes. Sale price $2.25
 — LABEL —
Majestic size. 2 for 25c
Concha size 3 for 25c
Chesterfield size. 2 for 25c
Olub House size 3 for 25c
A 5-cent cigar tbat is guaranteed
to give satisfaction
These cigars are strictly union-made, by McLeod, Nolan &
Co., of London, Ontario.
Only the highest grade of tobacco obtainable is used in them,
and the cigars are made by the best cigarmakers, and under
the strictest sanitary conditions.
The price and quality is always the same. ',
Sales Manager for British
Columbia and the Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vancouver
Phone Fairmont 826
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for uy Boyal Crown products
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
If It Is not call up tlie
Hygienic Dairy
or drop a card to our office, 005 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.
Pure Milk T Union Labor
The milk supplied by this
dairy is pure in every sense of
-the word.
All the bottles and utensils
used by this dairy are thoroughly
Our milk supply comes from
the Fraser Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to soma forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores ln
F. W. Hinsdale Says It
Is the Most Modern
Outline of Address on Act
Before the Employers'
IN THE COURSE of his recent address
on the Workmen's Compensation Aot
bofore tbo B. C. Manufacturers' association, Mr. F. W. Hinsdale, secrotary
of the compensation commission, said
that, in his opinion, the Act was the
most modern piece of legislation of ita
kind, and stated his belief that the
measure would moot with growing approval as time proceeded.
With reference to the medical aid
clauses of the act, a point on which
Labor strongly insisted, Mr. Hinsdale
said that this was a wise move, and
would work out for the benefit of the
employeo without expense or trouble to
the employer.
Ab Mr. Hinsdale is an acknowledged
export on workmen's compensation legislation, these words of praise for the
British Columbia Act are worthy of
special notice, especially as ao many
clauses of the provincial measure were
framed at the instance of the organized
labor intorests of the province.
Mr. Hinsdale said it was only natural
to expect some delay in making rulings
on, the many points requiring adjustment, seeing that the commissioners
had only just beon appointed, and had
to first acquaint themselves with the
underlying principles of the law.
Basic Principle of Act
The basic principle of the aet waB explained aB a contract between workmen
and employer in this wise. Under the
old syBtem, a workman could obtain
more or less heavy damages against an
employer if he could prove that an accident was due to negligence or fault
on the part of tho employer. On the
other hand, an employer' could free himself practically of liability by establishing that the accidont was due to negligence on the part of the workman.
Thus, when an accident occurred, it
generally resolved itself into workman
ngainat employer, and the cause of the
accident became obscured under a mass
of conflicting report and evidence. In
the final analysis the workman did not
benefit, because his compensation was
always in some doubt, and the law costs
in any ease swallowed up a proportion,
and as for the employer, he was always
subject to a heavy risk, as it was always open for workmen to bring actionB
for heavy damages.
Do Away with Litigation.
Under tho act, litigation is dono away
witb entirely. Whether tho accident
results from negligence on the part of
tho workman or the employer, tho workman receives a fixed compensation of
55 per cent, of the wages lost by reason
of the accidont. In other words, it is
as if there woro a bargain between employer and workman as follows: "If you
will undertake not to bring action
against mo for heavy damages in case
of accident which may possibly be due
to some fault of machinery or other
cause over which I have some control,
I will undertake to pay you moderate
damages for accident arising out of conditions over which I have no control,
and for which you could not recover
under the old Bystem."
Mr. Hinsdale explained that the rate
of assessment was not of much importance, the real question being how often
it would be collected. He said that if
it was found that the firBt quarter's as^
BesBment produced sufficient funds in a
class to take care of all disbursements
in that class, then no further levy would
be made during the year. He expected
that tho amounts collected so far in reBpect of most of the classes would be
sufficient to last out some time ahead.
The flrst quarterly assessment had produced the sum of $290,000.
Pensions for Widows.
Replying to enquiries, Mr. Hinsdale
said that in regard to fatal accidents,
the widow would roceive a fixed payment of $20 per month, payable until
her death or remarriage. The total capitalized value of this pension would be
charged to the funds of the year in
which tho accideat occurred. In caso
of re-marriage, tho fund would pay to
the widow two yearB' pension, $480.
It was expected later to introduce a
"merit clause," by which an employer
who introduced safoty appliances and
thereby lowered the risk in his factory,
will be rewarded by a reduced assessment, as per contra, in casoB where a
factory owner refuses to instal safety
improvement, the asBeflBment may be
Not all trades within a class were assessed at the same rate, tho assessment
being based upon the actual riBk. It
might bo found necessary to increase or
reduce assessments according to the experience of the working of tho law.
New Organization WiU Apply to Central Lahor Body for Affiliation.
At a meeting of members of thc Jit-
noy league, held in the O'Brien hall on
Wednesday afternoon, it was decided to
effect a ro-organization along trades
union lines, and an executivo committee
was appointed to report on the details
of Buch an organization at a meeting to
be called aB soon as the report was pro-
'pared, The plana of the mon include
the affiliation of tho new union with the
TradeB ond Labor council
No action was taken by the meeting.
aB to tho question of wagea or hours,
these mattera being left in tho hands of
the exocutive for consideration and report. The discussion on the queatlon of
re-organlzation showed that the men
felt strongly that it was necessary to
organize along trados union lines if a
permanent organization, which would
havo real weight, was desired.
Civic Firemen's Union.
I The city firemen of Philadelphia have
organizod a union, which now haa over
500 mombcrs. The organization Ib afflliated with the American Federation of
Labor, and the firemen have as their
objective the establishment of a two-
i platoon system, and the securing of better working conditions.
Referred to Party, Not Movement.
Editor B. C. Federationist: In the report of the Tradea and Labor council
meeting contained in The Federationist
of March 2, I am reported to have Btated that "socialism waa dead." That
statement ia incorrect. What I did aay
was that "at the Revelstoke eonvention
of the B. C. Federation of Labor, a
clause in the president's report, which
claimed that the Socialist party of Canada was no longer a factor in the political life of the province, had been adopted, and that none of the delegates had
contradicted the statement, although
there were some members of that party
seated as delegates in th convention.
Aa a socialist, believing that the only
solution of Labor's problems is that
tho working clasB must ultimately take
possession of all the instruments for the
production and distribution of wealth,
I certainly hope that the socialist movement is not dead, notwithstanding the
fact that a number of our former comrades are striving to exterminate each
other on tho battlefields of Europe.
Vancouver, B. C, March 3, 1917.
B. O. Federation aad Political Action.
Editor B. C. Federationist: The question of political action by workerB is by
no means a new one, and I think we
will all agree the need for some relief
is imperative. But, when we attempt
to formulate a definite policy to relieve
the situation, we muat take into consideration the diversity of opinions of
the rank and file of trade 'unionists
throughout the province.
The resolution adopted by the Revelstoke eonvention instructed the executive to aubmit a referendum to the affiliated membership on tbe question of
entering the political arena. The executive, aftor discussing the question, instructed Secretary Wells to issue a draft
for their approval setting forth the
necessity of political action and also
the various obstacles to be encountered
by entering into such a scheme. Having
received thia draft, I wish to state that
I believe Secretary Wolls has made a
very able attempt to carry cut the intent of the resolution, aa adopted by
the convention, and the inBtruction of
the executive. I am heartily in favor
of the greator part of the draft as presented,
I believe it to be the duty of the
vice-presidents to address the various
local unions of their district on this
question, aBBiating the memberahip to
diacusa and clearly understand it from
all angles, and making it perfectly clear
that while the formation of the party
and ita policies and principles will be a
matter for later consideration by the
executive, nevertheless the membership
should consider all policies so far as
possible, and their effect upon the industrial organization, before voting on
tbis question. h
In the event of the result of the referendum vote being in favor of political action by the workers, I venture to
exproBS my opinion on a policy of procedure. Various auggestiona have been
offered from time to time, nmongat thom
are the following: 1. The adoption of
the aocinlist party aB our political organization. 2. The formation of a
Labor pnrty based upon the principles
of socialism.
Owing to the diversity of opinions
amongst trade unionists ns to political
action, the first suggestion—tbe adoption of the socialist party, would not
ment with the support required to accomplish our ends. Even allowing thnt
such on amalgamation could be brought
about, it would take years to educate a
majority of the workers to support and
understand the scientific policy of the
pnrty and, again, it would mean the
adoption of certain socialistic theory
and tactics, to which the.trade unionists
aro strictly opposed.
Workers affiliate with the trnde
union movement because they recognize
in it tho only form of organizntion tbat
relieves their immediate oppressions,
and the socialist theory, as expressed by
prominent leaders of the party, (who,
by the way, are usually men who are
not compelled to Bell their labor power
in the industrial field), ub to the
fundamental principles and accomplishments of the organization, has raised a
barrier that will require years to remove.
In addition, tbo socialist party was
at ono timo a recognized factor in the
political field of the province, but the
laat few years has clearly demonstrated
its inability to concentrate the support
of the working class along its line of
action. The formation of a Labor parly,
whether independent or based 'upon the
principles of socialism, would undoubtedly develop into a political machine,
whose activities and accomplishments
would depend,upon itB availablo funds.
I believe it would take yenrs to build
up auch an organization, with good hope
of success, and then it would undoubtedly develop along the samo lines as
Labor parties in other countries which,
to say the most, have accomplished very
little for the working clasB.
Still, I am in favor of the Federation
entering tho arena and wish to offer a
suggestion for consideration, aB followa:
Rnise the per capita tar on the affiliated
unions, the proceeds to bo UBed for legislative purposes only, and draft a platform of principles, einbndying tho principal legislation we have been asking
for yoars, and Bond it to tho diotrict
council or Trades nnd Lnbor council of
each constituency, requesting thom to
cnll a mass mooting of the workera to
solect a candidate to support this plot-
form. Tho only qualification asked by
tho Federation would be that the candidate muat be in posaeaainn of a paid-up
union card and only in districts where
no central bodies existed would the
Federation be justified in taking tho
lead In tbe selection of the candidate.
Tho executive, nfter conferring with the
officers of the central body of the district, and finding thero was a reasonable chance for the candidate to succeed at tho polls, Would grant a fixed
amount from our legislative fund, to be
handled through the vice-president for
the district.
This plan of action, whilo not scientific, is democratic. The workerB of ench
district could fool they had selected
their own condidnte and would render
grenter support, nnd it would to a certnin extent eliminate the machine method, which seems essential to the political party. Machino politics make machine governments, nnfl we have been
blessed with that particular brand long
onough. Let ua at leaBt start with a
policy of democracy. Let the workera
choose their man. Let tho mnjority
rule. Thresh tho candidate out in a
good old stormy sossion where wo all
havo a voice. 'Then tho boya will all
get behind and boost, nnd tho result
will not be derogatory to the industrial
organization.       W. fc. THOMPSON.
Prince Rupert, B. 0.,
March 6, 1917.
R. B. Bennett and Premier
Norris Asked for An
Either Retract or Support
the Remarks Against
Labor Unions
At the Bevelstoke convontion of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, the atatementa of Hon. R. B. Bennett, director-
general of the National Borvice commission, and Hon. T. C. Norris, premier of
Manitoba, which imputed base motiveB
to Labor officials who dared to question
the card registration plan, waa discussed.
The convontion directed that letters
be aent to the partiea requeating that
they either publicly retract the statements or furnish evidence showing that
tho remarks were justified.
In accordance with thia direction,
Secretary A. S. Wella forwarded on
Feb. 28, peraonal lettera to Mr. Bennott
and Premier Norria, which read aa follows:
"At our laBt eonvention held in
Revelstoke, B. C, during the present
month, the. following resolution was
passed by an unanimoua vote:
Slake Oood or Apologise.
" 'WhereaB, Mr. R. B. Bennett, director-general of National Service, and Mr.
T. C. NorriB, premier of the province of
Manitoba, have in publie meetinga stat-
| ed that the membera of organized labor,
who have opposed the registration
scheme of the Dominion government,
were traitora to their country, and in
the pay of Germany or their ngenta.
"'Therefore be it reBolved, That
Mr. R. B. Bennett and Mr. T. C. Norria
be called upon to make good their
j charges or retract same.'
"As the officers of the Federation
have opposed the registration scheme,
we would be glad if you will either produce the evidence that will prove your
charges as Btated above, or, j"ast ub publicly as the chargea were made, retract
. the same and apologies to the men who,
becauee they do not see eye to eye with
the government, are condemned by men
who hold responsible positions, in an irresponsible manner. I remain, youra,
A. S. Wella, Secretary -treasurer."
Work's Greatest Lever.
Editor B. C. Federationist: The only
hope for the redemption of the working
claaa from grinding wage slavery lies in
education. At the present time the
maas of wage-earners is uneducated.
They are bo through circumstances over
which they had, at beat, little control.
The average wage-worker leaves school
at aa early an age aa possible. Time for
study after he has entered the arena of
work life is very often limited, and
whon opportunity offers he is often too
tired to sustain any mental effort. The
literature he reads is mainly light fiction, pleasant relaxation after daily toil.
I speak of tho nvorago worker only.
Some of the finest braina that ever
worked wore contained in tho brainpans of the sons of toil. Let Mb assume
that the present day wage-worker is uneducated and that the prospects of men-
tnl development for him are poor. Where
do we 'land? We must educate tho
wage-earners of the future. When?
We wage-earners have the mightiest
tool within our grasp. Wo have only to
extend our hand. Wo must have our
children educated. What is education?
Are our children being educated today?
The sum total of education is a sound
mind in a sound body. A sound mind.
A mind not developed along one particular linej but a mind that has grown
apace with the sound body. Do our children get the proper mental food for
building up a sound mind today? Thoy
do not. They get a smattering of this,
a touch of that, and loavo school with
little real knowledge beyond a hetero-
generous aggloih era tion of useless facta,
un-co-ordinated knowledge, mentally
biassed, and in pluco of a thinking, reasoning brain, a dark room stored with a
rare assortment of photographic plates,
which they may never develop, aad
which deteriorate and decompose with
The privilego of freo education is one
of the "few" boons society haB granted
the working class. It is its greatest
heritage, if you cnn ao use the term.
And whnt have we done with it? Next
to nothing. The citizen delegates a
board to look after the interests of tho
children. The unions never run n man
for truBteeship. The average city board
ia usually composed of professional men,
merchants, property owners, many of
whom aro in to look after certain vost-
cd intorests. Wago-earnors ignore tho
strongest tool ever offored thom. Meddling in scholnstic affaira scema outside
their realm. A livo intereBt in how tho
young are to be educatod haa to bc ono
of the first steps wage-earners must
What has mado tbe Scotch tho aggressive pooplo they aro? The deaire
on the part of the puronts thnt the family should have tbe very beBt education
possible, very often at very great inconvenience Whnt hns mndo the Oormnns
so perfect in organization? They worked through tho school. Commencing
nwny back forty years ago. Why am
the workers in Russia today but little
removed from Bcrfs? The lock of education. Wo must get possession of the
educating of our children. Our hopo
lies in them. Wo must see that they
are ''educated,'' mentally dovoloped
Wo must forbid tho inordinnte foist for
examination results. Wo will not have
our children votive offerings to tho fet
ich of teat by written examinations. We
muBt domnnd that our children 'a brains
be made a well laid-out, woll cultivated
productive garden, not a cesspool of
whirling fragments of uscIobb information. We have brought them into the
world, ond nbout the only thing wo can
give them ia on education. It iB about
time wo bow to it thnt we have to play
the parent's part in this respect, and
tho timo ia ripe for organized offort on
the part of workers to have somo say in
the education of the coming workers.
.Vancouver, Mar. 3. PARENT.
Municipal Laborers Oet Increase,
The Matsqui municipal council has recognized the justice of advancing tho
wages paid for ita outBido lnbor, and decided to increase the pay of tho teamsters, road foremen and laborers.
Manufacturers' Seconds—Not just perfect enough to
pass the trained eye of the expert at the mills, but
absolutely nothing the matter with them as far as
appearance goes, or that will interfere with their
wear. This hose could not be bought at the mill
today for the price we are offering it today. Black
Ribbed Cashmere Hose, strong, serviceable and
fast dye; all sizes from &/2 to W/%. Wonderful
value at, per pair. 39c
__ iMnwmni   tor*     _______________^ma_a_»
Granville and Georgia Streete
Alone line of P. O. E. Bailway open park line landa. Tbe finest mixed
fanning landa in tho province.
Oood water, best of bunting and fishing. Tbe settlers wbo bave gone
in tbere are all boosters, as tbey are making good.
If you want to go baok to the land, write
Welton Block, Vancouver
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
Seymour 2988
Uptown Offlce:
Seymour 226
—and the Human Machine
NO ONE can gainsay the truth of the statement that teeth
are as essentinl to tho health of the body as any other
part of the body. This being true, it is most essential that
the teeth receive our bost care and attention. If your teeth
have worn away, have them replaced at once. Crown and
Bridge work has been brought to a high pitch of development
in my practice. AB
Por tooth      SKI
Examinations are free.
Officii optn
TuMd»y ud
Friday Er'gi.
7 to 0.
Cloud Saturday p. m.
TeL Seymour 3331
Dr. Brett Anderson  ™™v&:
Crown and Bridge Specialist
Cor. Seymoar.
ire   OMd   la
my practice.
Ton wlU sot
Do You Want Your
City to Expand
Then see that the street railway is given
proper encouragement by being treated
fairly and not subjected to unfair competition. ______
New cars, new tracks, new equipment will
some day be needed if the car service is to
keep pace with the growth of the city.
Only by giving the street railway the
protection that is due it, will the capital for
these extensions and additions be obtained.
Your action towards fair treatment will
result in better service to yourself.
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour
...March 9, 191
Have you tried
that is
Broadway Theatre
Corner Broadway and Main
MARCH 12, 13 and 14
MABCH 15, 16 and 17
Great Northern Transfer Co.. Ltd.
Baggage and Express Agents
Cartage and Shipping Agents
Phone Day and Night, Sey. 606 and 405
80 Pender Street East
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
327 Seymour St.
Phone Seymour 163
"The Beer Without a Peer"
So popular because it's so good, Cascade is brewed of the
highest grade B. 0. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the public.
When You Buy CASCADE-You
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material back of it.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
We can make immediate delivery on
Slabs, Edgings, Inside Fir
We have acquired ten additional teams for your
J. Hanbury & Co., Ltd.
Fourth and Granville
Bay. 1076-1077
The Street Railwaymen Are
Pleased With Proposed
Correspondent Urges Better
Attendance at Union
\/ICTORIA, March G.—(Special Cor-
V respondence to Tho Federationist.)
—At tho lust meeting of Capitnl Division No. 109, of the Victoria Struct
Railwaymen, tho executive brought forward an altered schedule for Sunday
hours. It was to all appearance tin improvement for both night and day men,
and thero is littlo doubt that when it
comes to a vote, it will carry.
Some discussion aroao on a resolution
to secede from the B. O. Federation of
Labor, it being considered too costly
for tho benefit obtained. It wns finally
decided to still maintain our affiliation.
This was a wise decision, but the mon
trust that they will find enough delegates of the right sort to Bend to these
meetings as will be able to help
mould the policies of that body so thnt
we shall in future see more for our
money spent in that direction.
The attendance at the mooting indicated that there is an evident feeling
among the members of the division that
afew men can run the meetings, although
all^ expect to share In any benefits
which may come from the actions taken
or reserve the right to "knock" if they
do not agree with the character of the
work dono. Only one mnn in four who
should havo been presont, was on hand,
and the oxcuses given for non-attend-'
ance were rather flimsy. The meetings
of the night men are rather better attended than those of the day men, and
the evident interest taken at these gatherings Bhows that they may possibly
"put one over" on the day men shortly. When trades unionists look around
and see the general activity of organized labor in these times, it would seem
that the Victoria street railwaymen
should remember that their share of
labor's activities should not be left for
a few to do, but that every man Bhould
put his shoulder to the wheel and show
an active interest in the work of hiB organization.   "Nuff Bed."
News from the Oar Barns.
The men are glad to see Bro, Wallace
back to work, and to hear that Archie
Kerr is leaving the hospital in a day or
two, as he is rapidly secovering.
The glad hand is extended to Bro.
Fred. Brown, returned from England.
It is hoped ho will Boon get rid of his
rheumatism, obtain bis discharge nnd
be back amongst his fellow workers
Ernie Blake has enlisted for service
with the Engineers' corpB, making another street railway man who has answered the overseas call.
Evory street railway man regrets to
hear that Bro. Joe Rich ib unwell, and
thinks he mny not be able to do much
more street car work. They trust his
health will soon improvo and, if he
changes his mind as to work, they shall
be tho better pleased.
Every street railway man Bhould read
this month's Motorman and Conductor
very carefully, especially International
Prosidont Mahon's review of the Lnbor
convention, which he attendod in England. They will find the article botl
interesting and educative, and it may
cause somo of our brightest intellects to
nriBe,^put on their fighting armour and
go forth into battle for the common
cauBe—justice and equality for the
worker and the right to live ns self-
respecting citizens.
Expression of Views on Sweeping Statement Recently Made by Official.
The Vancouver Provinco, March 3.
contained the following paragraph in
connection with the operation of the
new Workmen's Compensation Act;
"Mr. F. P. Bodwell, Vancouver
and mainland representative for
the Workmen's Compensation board
says that to date the board nas
received notice of 1083 accidents in
the industries coming under thc act.
A great deal of delay is just now
being occasioned by reason of the
failure of the different parties affected to sond in the requisite information, with the result that the
information has to bo written for.
As the time goes on, and those af-
focted become more convorsnnt
with the workings of the act, there
will be no time lost in payment. All
claims ready for adjustment up to
the 28tb of February, 1917, huvo
been settled."
As far as organized-labor in the city
is concerned, the nbovo paragraph was
the first information aa to the appointment of a special representative of the
Compensation board for the city or
mainland, although it would seem pro
per that the Labor officials, as reprosen
tatives of those keenly interoBted in the
Act, be made acquainted with the fact,
Neither is it known whether Mr. Bod-
well is to open a branch office in Vancouver, or is nny information available
ns to where he may bo found. All of
which is very unsatisfactory to wage-
■workorB.        .
Tho statoment credited to Mr. Bodwell
as to tho proin.pt settlement of compensation claims is criticized by J. H, McVoty, president of the Tradea and
Labor council, who snys there aro many
cases where claims were mado during
January, whore tbo claimants aro yet
waiting for word in connection with the
matter. Those cases could not be due
to lack of information on the part of
the claimants, as no request for additional facts has boen made.
Tho aim of labor officials hns been to
assist in every way in the operation of
tho new Act. They regard, however,
such sweeping statements os are credited to Mr, Bodwell as hardly in order
in viow of the fact that they are daily
explaining to complaining clnimants
that sottlcment of their clnfms is probably delayed because of tho Compensation board having boen onl^ recently
appointed, as well as answering enquiries concerning the Act which would
vory properly bo referred to Mr. Bodwell, if it was known where he could
be found.
An Unusual
Display of Fine
Veils for Spring
have much to commend them to those
who seek the best. Their
unique quality cannot but
be appreciated. The latest Van Eaalte Veils are
on view here in a great
variety of designs—new
effects that are entirely
different and decidedly attractive.
In particular, we direct attention to thc beautiful ap-
pliqued designs, which are
an innovation out of the
ordinary. These Veils are
fashioned so as to form an
effective hat trimming,
and by their use a hat
shape alone can be made
into an exceptionally pleasing creation. Th'e Veils
are equally attractive
when worn with a tailored
View the showing at the
Veiling Section. The prices
are from $2.25 to $5.00.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and doses at 6 p.m.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Letter Carriers Want Levy
to Be on Percentage
of Salary   .
Entertainment   Committee
Plan Social Evening on
March 15
Dispute of Short Duration,
Employers Grant
Victory Will Strengthen the
Hands of the Trade
in Province
During tho closing days of last week,
about 150 Victoria machinists and boilermakers employed at tho Esquimalt
navy yard, Victoria Machinery Depot
and Yarrows, Ltd., walked out as the
result of a refusal to grant an increase
of wages and better working conditions
as to hours, etc. Their cessation from
work was of only short duration, however, as on Friday tho employers granted the concessions demanded, and the
mon returned to work on Saturday.
The new wage scale provides for machinists receiving 56% cents per hour
for work in the city, and 62% cents per
hour for work at outBi'de points, with
corresponding increases for other trades.
The men will work a 44-hour weok, following the rule of an eight-hour doy on
week days, and four hours on Saturday.
Workers on night shifts will receive
time nnd a quartor und thero is the
usual provision for pay for overtime
work. Tho agreement provides for tho
settlement of disputes without n striko
or lockout being declared, and also protects men sent out of town for work as
regards transportation, board, otc.
Naturally, tho men aro jubilant over
their success in obtnining their demands,
and it is thought tho victory will have
a helpful effect in tho trades represented obtaining proper recognition in
other parts of the province, eapccially in
Vnncouvor, where tho rate paid in some
shops is as low as 40 cents.
Hnving been ndvised of the conditions
existing in Victoria, Organizer McCnl-
lum, of tho Machinists' union, left for
that city immediately upon returning
from his recent* organization trip up-
country, nnd wns present to asBiBt the
men in obtaining the recognition of
their trado demands.
AT THE regular monthly meeting of
tho Vancouver branch of the Federated Letter Cnrriors last Friday, thore
was a fair attendance.
Del. N. Barlow reported on tho activities of the Trades and Labor council,
and Dol. J. Cnss asked for instructions
re voting on the question of tho coun
cil's proposed participation in tho com
ing provincial by-election. The council
delegates were informed thnt as government employees wore forbidden from
taking au active participation in politics
they must act accordingly.
Bro. Carl, reported ro tho post office
employees war fund. Among othor
things he stated that a move was on
foot to increnso the monthly contributions from $2 to $2.50 per mnn. Considerable discussion ensued, in the
course of which several members voiced
their disapproval of tho existing flat
rate system. At prosont an employee
receiving $63 a month pays the same
amount to the patriotic fund as employees rocoiving much larger sums. A
two "per cent, monthly contribution,
bnsed on the salary received, would bo
more equituble, aud, nlthough this wub
advocated, no specific instructions wero
given to tho representatives on tho war
fund committee.
Whist Drive and Dance.
The social committee announced that
a military whist drive and danco is to
bo held on Thursday, March 15, at tho
Cotillion hall. An admission foe of 25
cents would be charged, proceeds to bo
dovoted to patriotic purposes.
Prizes for the whist drive havo been
donated by Mr. Wm. Dick, Mr. W. R.
Owen, Mrs. E. C. Mahon and Mrs. W.
Derrick. Thoso attending the gathering are asked to reraeniber that it openB
'inrp at 8 o'clock.
An interesting report of the Federated
executive's interview with the government wns read by Secretary Wight. Although it did not give any definite news,
President Hoop leads tho men to believe
that the government recognizes the justice of the letter carriers' demands, and
thnt some action may bo expected from
the government this session.
A notice of motion wns presented by
Bro. Squires, calling for nn increase in
the stipend of tho Becrctary. This will
be decided noxt meoting, which is billed
for Friday, April 6.   Please attend.
Gathering Is One of Series Designed to
Assist in Organization Campaign.
The New Westminster Trades and
Lnbor council held Inst week one of the
most successful Bmoking concerts ever
arranged by a labor organization in tho
city. The large hnll of the Lnbor Templo was crowded to its capacity. The
affair wns the second of n series which
is to bc held during tho winter and,
judging from tho attendance nnd the
enjoyment of the visitors, it will be of
ndvantnge to the council to continue the
entertainments. They bring the workers together better than any other means
which could bo adopted, nnd make tho
task of getting thc workers organizod
much easier than could bo dono without
such entertainments.
A splendid progrnmme was rendered,
songs being provided by Messrs. W. Gillespie, Tom Wood, R. Ross, J. Wood, C.
Constnntinoau, W. Ashball, A. Pool and
H. Knudsen. Mr. P. Alcock put on a
step dance, Mr. R. Morgan, of the civic
employees, entertained tho nudionce
with several recitations, and Aid. F. J.
Lynch told somo good stories. An outstanding fentoro of the programme wns
a song by Mr. E. Morris, a returned soldier, who has opened a music storo on
Columbia street. Mr. Morris has a most
pleasing baritone voice, which he used
to good effect.
The music was provided by the Musician's union orchestra of eleven pieces,
which provided a cIobs of music not
often heard at entertainments of this
Refreshments wore provided in nbun-
danco but, owing to the unexpected
size of the crowd, the refreshment committeo had to mako a mnd rush to town
to augment tho supplies, making the
trip in record time.
No wonder truth is stranger than fiction; wo spend so much less time getting acq'uaintod with it.—EIHb O. Jones,
in Life.
Whist   Drive   and   Smoking   Concert
Given at Labor Temple.
A whist drive and smoking concert
was given by Local 58 of the Brotherhood of Rnilwny Carmen in tho Labor
Templo last Friday night, which was a
success in every particular. The arrangements wero under tho direction of
tho onterntinmont committee, which is
composod of Goo. White, chnirman, nnd
Messrs. Wood, Robt. Harley and Geo.
Somorville. The prizes for the whist
drive woro won by Messrs. E. Mnttock,
H. Ward and J, Scott. During the
ovening an impromptu concert was
given, tho programme showing that tho
local has excellent vocal and instrumental talont. Refreshments were served at
a late hour, and all departed voting the
ovening most enjoyably spent.
Federation Referendum Vote.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I did not
intend Baying anything in connection
with the referendum vote of the Federation on tho question of its entering the
political-arena. In last week's issue of
The Federationist I saw something,
however, in the report of the discussion
on the Vancouver Trades and Labor
council entering the field, which might
have some effect on the referendum
vote.   Hence I write briefly.
The remark referred to above was
that "Socialism was dead in thia province." Why, socialism is not even
sick, let alone dead, here. It can never
die until it has accomplished its object.
The question of tho Fedoration entering the political field is one which has
been debated in convention again and
again. Theso debates have always
ended in a diversity of opinion, and the
Revelstoke convention thought best to
put the quostion to a referendum vote
in order to ascertain the views of the
rank and file. My advice to tho membership is to carefully consider the letter of the secretary, and vote according
to hia personal views.
I would also like to call the attontion
of the workers of this province to the
need of "boosting" The Federationist.
Ia its columna they will flnd different
and varying opinions and ideas, all of
which nre of educational value for the
workor. Every member of the Federation should do a little "boosting" for
the publication.
There ia also another Vancouver publication, the WeBtern Clarion, which cannot be surpassed for giving knowledge
of the historical development and a
sound interpretation of the Maxian .system of economics.   Yours truly,
Presidont B. C. Federation of Labor.
Cumberland, B. C, March 6.
[Tho reference to socialism being
dead in the province, referred to in the
above lettor, was an error, tho correct
wording of the debate being that the
socialist party was dead in the province, as waa mentioned in other para-
graphs reporting the same discussion.
—Editor Federationist.]
What a pity that tho truth is tho
most disagreeable thing one can Bay
about the warl
The Sou-Van dairy at Fraser street and
Twenty-ninth avenuo la a living illustration
of the value of observing the regulations of
the authorities for ensuring the public a pure
milk supply, Mr. P. S. Barker, manager of
the dairy, understands by experience the
value of such regulations and, from the cow
to the oonsumer, provides for his milk conforming In every respect with the roles laid
down. The dairy draws Its supply from the
rich pasture fields of tho Fraser valley, enabling it to bo rushed to the dairy wlthom
loss of timo, an Important point. At the
dairy it Is clarified, pasteurized, cooled and
bottled according to the most approved
methods, bo as to render It absolutely free
from dirt or sediment, nnd to provide for ItB
being kept in good condition for a reasonable
tlme. For this work tho latest typos of mnchinery are used, and tho operations are carried on according to absolutely sanitary methods. The milk supplied is of a quality
which meets the demands of even mothers
who nro tho most anxious with reference to
the feeding of delicate infants. Manager
Barker is so proud of tho Sou-Van dairy that
he welcomes visitors to the plant in order
that thoy may personally see the perfect manner in which milk Is handled by tho concern.
UNION-MADE    The   best   that
OrlULu    $4.50 to $8.50
Slaters, Leckies, Wayland.
J. _ T. Bell, Ames-Holdeo
649 Hastings Strut West
Hotel Canada
518 Bichards Street
(Neat Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines 'and Spirits of
the best quality
phone icv. ate     TWICi
Matinee Prices: Evenings
10c, 15c, 25c, 60c.      10c, 25c, 35c. 75c.
Advance Forward!!
And take first car to
Ray's Market for yoiir
week-end shopping of
profit and pleasure.
500 Sirloin Steak 20c
500 Round Steak  20c.
SOO** Minced Steak  12V,c
500 Sausage  12yac
500 Beet Dripping 12'/ic
600 Bib Boiling Beef.  10c
500 Pot Roast 10c
A Service That's Sure
More Meat for the same
Two doors west of Rex
Theatre. No delivery.
1000 Tons of
On hand for
Sales Depot—Sey. 1003
Branch—Bay, 2827
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, lb... 25c
Slater's Streakey Bacon, lb. 25c
Slater's value Tea, lb 25c
Slater's value Coffee, lb 25c
We deliver to all parts.
131 Hastings St. East   Sey. 3262
830 Granville St.      Sey, 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
PlesBe remember that no letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals are made.
Tho address label on your
paper carries tho date to which
your subscription is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
office, tho correct change lo
your label date is not made,
notify us at onoe. When yoa
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
sond it to this offico—not to
tho other follow. Thui you
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all bo happy.
B.C. Federationist
Lobor Temple,
Vancouver, B, O.
For your kitchen, Wellington nut $6.50
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump   $7.50
Comox Nut  6.50
Comox Pea  ...... 4.50
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
The Sign USE
Lard        Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province


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