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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 2, 1917

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«T)     $1.60PERYEAR
Call for Provincial Referen
dum on Subject Is
Reports of Balloting Must
Be Made On or Before
*        . April 1st
THE OFFICIAL call of the B.
C. Federation of Labor for a
referendum vote on tbe sub*
jeet of organized labor in this province entering the political field,
has now been issued, and wili
shortly be in the hands of all afflliated locals. Thc taking of a re*
ferendum vote on this question
was directed at the recent Revelstoke eonvention, the executive
being instructed to prepare the
subject for consideration in this
The referendum vote must be
taken so as to provide for the result of the ballot being in the
handB of Secretary A. S. Wells by
April 1. Anj( ballots not reported
by that date will not be counted.
The referendum vote will be taken
on the stated question, "Aro you in
favor of tho Federation entering the
politicnl field I" tho form of tho ballot
ref am being as follows:
Question: "Are you in favor
of the Federation entering the
Political Field-!"
Voting in favor ...
Voting against ...
All ballots must bo signed by
tho socrotary of tho organization,
samo to bo returned to tho secretary-treasurer of. tho Federation
oa or before the 1st day of April,
1917. Ballots not nmilod by that
date will not bo counted.
Nauio of organization	
ing many, and .diversified views on this
question, to enter the political field I
These questions cannot be settled hy
members acting as individuals, but must
be settled by the voto of as large a proportion of the afiiliated membership aa
can be procured to voto on the following queition, (the vote when taken
should be recorded on tho minutes, and
the returns made to the Federation by
menus of the official ballot here attached.)
I remuin, fraternally yours,
Men WIU Now Work on Wage Scale of
I $3.20 for An 8-hour Day.
As tho result 01 pressure brought to
boor by the Nolson Trades and Labor
council, the civic employees of that city
were recently granted an increase of
pay. The now wago scale advances tho
wages of the men to 40 cents per hour,
or $3.20 for an eight-hour day. Tho
action of the Nelson aldormen in mak-
ing tho advance was unanimous.
Many Locals Have Already Passed Resolutions on the Subject,
■ The recent proposals for the re-esteb-
lishment of the poll tnx has called forth
from organized labor throughout British
Columbia a distinct note of opposition.
Secretory A. 8. Wolls, of the B. C. Federation of Labor, has boen advised of
the passage of resolutions protesting
against the proposal by a large number
of locals, representing all parts of the
province. Should there be nny evidence
of the governmont seriously considering
tbtj imposition of the poll tax, a full
statement of the attitude of organized,
labor on tho subject will be presented
to the provincial authorities.
Demand Will Be Considered by Board
Appointed Under Lemleux Aet.
An arbitration 'under the Lemieux
Act haa been requested by the wireless
telegraph operators employed on the C.
P. R. and Union Steamship company's
vessels operating on this coast. Theso
men have been receiving only $30 per
month, although tho deck hands on tho
same vessels received $46. Recently
they asked thnt thoir wages be doubled
but tho Marconi company of Montreal,
under whom they work, refused to consider the proposnl, merely offering an
incrense of $5 nt the end of a yonr's
sorvico with a furthor advance nt the
closo of tho second yenr. As there ap-
peered to bo no possibility of an
nmicnblo agreement hoing reached the
men, about 25 in number, havo UBkod
tho minister of labor to ordor arbitration proceedings, naming Jns. H.
McVety as thoir representative on thc
Tho circular lottor of the executivo
forming part of tho referendum cnll,
roads as follows:
Refeionduui on the Federation Entering the Political Arena.
At the lust convontion, held at Rovelstoke, B. C, ou January 20 to February 2, 11)17, it was docided to take
a roforondum vote of tho affiliated
membership on tho question of the
"Foderation entering tho political
field." lu submitting this quostion
to the membership, the executive desiros
to point out tho following facts, in
order that tho members, with a know*
ledge of conditions as thoy aro, will be
ablo to give thoir votes without nny
Tho political situation in the provinco of British Columbia is ono in
which, it can well be said, the workers aro not orgunized. Neithor are
they, as a class, represented in tho legislative halls of thc country or provineo
That tho workors need political or
ganization and representatives, * none
that havo studied the situation will
deny. Our yearly visit to the government, asking that our wishes regarding
legislation should bo considered, is
ample proof of this; and, if further
proof is needed, it can bo found in tho
results, or lack of results, gained,
whon plaeed alongside of tho requests
which havo beon made.
Powers of Legislature.
Tho activities of tho trados unions
nro, and cnn bc, restricted by the legislation enoctod from time to time. Not
only that, but tho conditions undor
whieh we live aro controlled by the
economic conditions, and by tho legiBlu*
tion enacted by tho legislatures; those
again aro controlled by capitalist politicians; the legislation so enacted hav-
ing in its effect on the economic, ns well
as the social conditions under which wo
live. Therefore, the need for political
aetion must be apparent to the most
casual obsorvcr.
Another nspect of the enje—while
recognizing tho need for political action—iB the diversity of opinions that
aro in evidonce in the trades unions in
the province. Tho Fedoration, being
made 'up of tho affiliated membership
of such organizations, can bo well said
to hold tho somo diversified views aa
to political action. Aud while the
Fedoration, through its affiliated membership, has gono on record aa being in
favor of the principles of socinlism, we
must not forgot that the affiliated
unionB aro made up o$ mon that-hold
every kind of political opinion, aome being socialists, some favoring one or
othor of the old political parties, and
some boing in favor of tho formation
of a labor party along the lines of the
aid land, AustraUa, eto. <
Full Consideration Asked.
With theso facts beforo you, we would
isk that evorything that can bo consid-
jred in connection with thiB question
ihould bo tnken into account beforo tho
nembers cast their votes. The two
;hlngs that should bo-particularly con-
liderod being:
(1) How groat is the nded for tho
vorkers to enter the political field, and
f there is at prosent a working class
lolitical party that meets that need I
(2) Is it possible for. tho Federation, all but one boing
& a Federation, with ita membera hold- justed.
Trades and Labor Deputation Ask That
Labor's Bights Be
Tho Prince Rupert Trades nnd Labor
council is taking an active part in pross-
ing for tho pnssugc of nn early closing
bylaw for tho retail storos in tho city.
Whon the subject wns discussed by tho
city council, Pros. S. D. Macdonald,
Goo. W. Kerr nnd Phil. Linzey of tho
central lnbor body wero in attendance,
Pres. Macdonald said that, speaking
from tho standpoint of labor, it was
dosircd that tho interosts of tho clerks
should bo recognized, nlthough it wns
not intended to dictate to, merchants as
to how they should run their business.
Mr. Linzey, for the clorks' union, nsked
that tho measure be passed, and Mr.
Kerr advocatod tho bylaw along genoral lines. ,
Tho Princo Ruport enrly closing by*
Inw provides for the closing of shops
nt fi.30 p.m., except on Saturdays. Aid.
Casoy, the lnbor representative on tho
council, is not in fnvor of a measure
covering all plnces of business, os ho
believes thero orS somo. lines of trado
which should remain open after tho
stated hour. A number of tho retail
morchants nre . putting in a protest
ngninst the mensuro.
Aid. Ooulet Would Olve Strike-breakers' Wages Befused Union
Men Last Year.
All-Round Advance of
to 20 Per Cent.
New Method of Payment
Protects the Interests
of the Men
[W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Feb. 1.—(Special
Correspondence to The Federationist)—Australian miners, after a five
weeks' strike recently secured" the enforcing of tho eight-hour, bank to bank
system—for which they have been
fighting for nearly SO yeara. Every
time they put. up a fight for this eon*
cession in past years they were defeated, owing to tho fact that they were
seetionally organized aad were really
fighting among themselves. It is
significant that the first real test of
strength they put forth undor united
unionism should be associated with
such a sterling victory.
The enforcement of the eight-hour
bank-to-bank rule was a great victory
in itself, but the other day saw the remainder of their claims settled—the
rate of pay. In this they receive a
substantial victory also; no less than
15 to 20 per cent, inerease in wages all
round. This iB, of courso, a mattor to
be explained, as the increase in wages
carries with it a new system of payment.
Old System of Payment.
Under the old system of payment for
coal in Australia, the miner was paid a
standard hewing rate, with a supposed
8 cents increase for every 24 cents in-
crense in tho selling price of coal per
It was considered the fairest sys*
appearing as a six-page publi-
\ cation, thus giving its readers a
f .iller knowledge of the doings of
Labor in British Columbia, the
Dominion and the world at large.
ThiB advance is only rendered
possible because of the support
given by the firms wnose announcements regularly appear in
these columns, and the additional
support of new firms who are now
making the publication their medium of appeal to wage-workers
for patronage,
TheBe ; firms are helping The
Federationist to get out a better
paper. It iB tip to the wage-
workers to give their business to
firms which show a willingness to
assist in building up your paper
—The Federationist—by supporting the firms :whose advertisements appear in.its columns.
About a yenr ngo tlio linemon employed by tho Now Woatminstor city
authorities in connection with its city
lighting plant nsked for an increase of
pay which would placo "thom on tho
same basis ns the B. C. Electric lino-
men. Tho city council rofused tho request, and a striko was ordered. Although the linemon had tho hearty support of Royal City doctors, they wore
oppoBed by tho city council. As a result, the men, nenrly all of whom were
ratepayers, lost thoir jobs. Led by Aid.
Goulet, who declared that the request
of tho men would never be considered,
tho authorities replaced the men with
striko-breiikors, who agreed to work for
the rate offered by the council.
At a recent meeting of tho Royal Gity
council, considering tho estimates for
1917, a report wns brought in which
stated that theso strike-breakers coming from outside, nsked for an advance
'to the B. C. E. Bcalo of wages, exactly
the same thing as was requested by tho
union men last year. It is interesting
to note that Aid. Goulet, who opposed
any settlement of the .difficulty last
year, reported in favor of the requested
advance being granted. Even when his
fellow aldormon opposed bo great an
advance, Aid. Gdalet, with utter disregard for his position of last year, stood
firm for their demands and only consented with reluctance to n compromise
proposal. The men nsked for an increases of from $108 to $123, and $105
to $112 por month. The council granted
them an advance of $7 in each case.
Eighty New Retail Clerks' Locals.
The annual report of Sccrotnry Conway of tbo Retail Clerks' International
Protective Association states that during tho pnst yerir the organization hns
issued 80 charters to new locals. Five
strikeB were sanctioned during tho year,
satisfactorily   nd*
tem of payment, and it was hard to see
how tho miner could be robbed of his
just payment And yet he was system-
etically robbed all along tho line by the
ownerB. When the price of coal was
fixed at the pit mouth, the miner knew
just how much he was entitled to and
he saw that he got it. But it was not
long before the mine owners evolved
the brilliant idea of becoming owner,
shipper and seller all in one. In other
words they controlled the coal from tho
timo it left the scam until it was sold
to the consumers in tho cities.
Employers Defraud Miners.
Tho reaBon for this was plain. So
long ns the prico of conl was fixed at
tho mouth of tho pit, tho miner could
watch his share of the increase. But
when the owner, under the new Bystem,
wanted a couplo of shillings extra for
his coal, and did not want to pny the
miner his share of thc 48 conts (that is,
10 cents) he put the oxtrn charge on
tho freight, out of which the irtiner got
nothing. And when he inf luted
freights to the highest point, he could
add another half-dollar to his coal price
by wny of "handling" charges, out of
which the miner nlso got nothing. For
tho purpose of payment to the men, he
still declared thc selling price of coal
nt the old rato at tho mine mouth—the
increases wero for froight and handling only, so he argued to the men.
New System Protects Men.
This was the great argument tho
miners used at the coal tribunal, which
snt to hear their case, and so strong
'was their caso that it brought about u
new system of payment. Tho wage
Bcalo wns fixed at the old rate, wtth an
added fiften, und, in some enses, twenty j
per cent.; the new scale to prevail for
three yenrs. And, whether tho prico
of coal rises or falls, the miners are on
this standard wage all the timo. Under
tho did system, when the price of coul
fell . owing to competition, tho rates'
paid to tho men fell in proportion, bat
undor tho now rate of wages this cannot be, sinco tho mon ure paid n
standard wngo, whether the price of
coal rises or falls. How, magnificent
the victory gained by tho miners is,
timo alone will tell, but the miners
themselves admit thoy havo secured n
great victory.
Taxing Land Values in Australia.
, The Sydney correspondent of tho
Public reports that, in 1010 ulmost the
wholo of the local taxation in Now
South Wales was drawn from tho valuo
of the land exclusive of improvements,
In April, 1910, tho Sydney city council
adopted the principle of rating upon tho
unimproved capital value of the land as
its only method of local taxation, and
tho forty suburbs which surround Sydney have been operating since 1908
under tho Single Tax system, bo far aB
local revenue is concerned.  '
Several Prominent Workers
Have Been Sent to
Prison v
Merely Protested Against
Dominion Conscription
Press of Province Voices Protest on
Proposal of Fruit Growers.
The attitude of tho provincial proBB
on tho proposal of tho Fruit Growers'
association to encourngo tho influx of
Orientals into British Columbia by rescinding tho Chineso head tax, has been
ono of distinct opposition. Mnny editorial references havo beon mndo to tho
mntter but, almost without exception,
these have pointed out that the lower-
ing of tho barriers against Oriental immigration would bo a bad movemont,
and covors a subjoct on which tho nu-
thorities cannot afford to doviato from
existing legislation.
' It is roported in Victoria that a Toronto flour milling concern hns requested
thnt 600 Chinese bo sont cast to work
in its plant. The carrying out of thiB
proposal would not bo viewed on tho
const so vory unkindly. Should theso
Orientnls onter tho field of industrial
life in Toronto, it might possibly servo
to open the oyos of Ontario cltUonB to
tho necessity of the Dominion being
protected from the influx of tho yellow
rnco, and lead to closer co-operation between tho east and west when restrictions on Orientnl Immigration aro
[By W. FranciB Ahorn]
o YDNEY, N. S. W., Jaiv 24—(Special
•J to The Federatlonist)—It seems as
if tho govornment of New Zealand has
started on a campuign to shut tho
mouths of the workors' representatives
by charging them with "sedition" and
throwing thom into jail.
Mr. Robert Semilo, a leader of tho
men in that country, who came across
to Australia to assist in tho defeat of
oousoriptionj-did'not havo his freedom
long after returning to his own land.
He was speedily seized nnd thrown
into jail for making a seditious utterance. His crime wns that he urged the
repeal of the Now Zoaland Conscription
Act. He was nrrcsted an hour bofore
ho was to address his second meeting in
New Zoaland after rourning there from
Australia. He wus tried and sentenced
to twelvo months in jail.
As soon as ho was arrested, tho office
of tho Maorilnnd Worker was raided,
nnd all literature appertaining to con
scription seized. *In addition, the sub
editor; Jas. Thorn, was arrested for
"sedition," and he, too, got twelvo
months in jail. A third arrest sooa followed, when Mr. Cooke, a prominont
socialist, was arrested and sentenced to
twelvo months in jail for "expressing
a seditious intention" in a speech in
which ho denounced tho conscription net
of New Zealand.
Nor wus it to end hore, for, shortly
afterwards a fourth arrest took place
when Mr. Fraser, secretary of thc social-democratic party in Wellington
Now Zealand, was arrested also for
"sedition." He too got twelve months.
In addition to the above, several executive members of tho socinl-domocrutic
party of Now Zealand nnd othor prominent socialists woro arrested and sentenced to jail for liko sentences.
It is ovidontly the intention of the
New Zealand government to suppress
tho rising agitation against conscription which is now in active operation
in New Zealand, by jailing tho no-con
scription spenkors. It is rumored that
there is every chanco of a big strike
taking place ia New Zealand soon, owing 'to the rising indignation against
conscription, it being condemned universally by all shades of thought in
thnt country. This moro espoclnlly in
viow of tho fnct that tho conscription
failed in Australia.
Attitude of B. C. Federation
Outlined in Circular
Central Labor Bodies Are
Asked to Consider
Dilution of Labor at Britannia.
A Vancouver daily noios that
Chinnman whose leg was broken at
tho Britnnnin mincH wns brought to tb
eity nnd taken to the hospitnl. Can it
bo thut they arc diluting their alien
enemy labor nt Britannia* with Orientals?
SUNDAY, March 4—Bartenders;
Stoam Engineers; Moving Picture Operators; Steam Shovel
nnd Dredgcmen; > Pile Drivors
and Wooden Bridge Builders.
MONDAY, Mnrch 5—Boilermakers; Electrical Workors; Tailors,
TUESDAY, March 0—Amalgamated Carpenters; Cigarmakers; Bailway Firemen.    '
WEDNESDAY, Mnrch 7—Press
Feeders; Plasterers; Tile Lay*
-ers; Brewery Workers.
THURSDAY, March 8—Machinists; Sheet Metal Workers;
Horseshoers; Shipwrights and
Caulkers; Milk Wagon Drivers.
FRIDAY, March 9—
SATURDAY, March 10—
fN ACCORDANCE with the instructions of the recent Revelstoke convention of the B. O. Federation of
Labor, Secretary A. S. Wells has forwarded a circular letter on the question of conscription to all affiliated
bodies, and also to all-trades councils
throughout the Dominion. The letter
reads aB follows:
To all affiliated bodies and Trades Councils throughout the Dominion:
Greeting: At tho recent convention
of the B. C. Federation of Labor, the
following resolutions pertaining to conscription were passed:
Extract from the* report of the executive: "Your executive are of the opinion that it is too late to deal with the
question of registration, and that to a
great extent the executive of the Dominion Trades Congress has placed the
workers in an awkward position
through their luck of definite action,
and that we should lay down plans for
the opposition of all conscription proposals either industrial or military.'1
Federation Resolutions on Subject.
Resolution No. 10—"That in view of
the opposition of organized labor to conscription, and the effort of the Dominion government to impose a registration
plan without giving the nssuranco desired, that it was not a prelude to conscription, that this convention pass a
vote of non-confidence in the government, and that copies of this resolution
be sent to all central bodies in the Dominion, and th'at a copy bo sont to the
Trades Congress."
Resolution presentod by the executive: "That conscription bo not put
into effect before it has been submitted
to a referendum vote of the people of
Canada, and that tho executive is hereby instructed, to utilize all possible
means of publicity and education to
this end."
We would ask that your organization
consider the foregoing, and endorse the
sume, Bending copies to the Dominion
Trades- Congress- end, whorevor possible, getting publicity through tho press,
by sending copies V> the Dominion government, nnd to local members of parliament.
With be'st wishes for Labor's progress, I remain, fraternally yours,
Btreet Railwaymen Lose,
Tho final round of the B. C. Electric
billard tournament for the Murin cup,
was played off between toams representing tho motormen and conductors and
the head office staff. The latter team
won out, thereby gaining possession of
tho Murrin cup, which the street railwaymen havo held for the pnst yenr.
Police Want More Pay.
Chief of Police MacLcnnnn hns nsked for an nil-round increnso of ten per
cont. in tho wngos of tho Vnncouvor
police force, the request being bused on
the increased cost of living. The police
commission did not hold out very great
hopes of the inerease being grnntcd, but
tho subject will be considered when the
estimates aro taken up.
New Voting System in Calgary.
■ By a vote of moro thnn two to one,
Calgary electors hnve adopted the proportional representation system in tho
locnl government. The system to bo
used iB the same, in general principle,
as that adopted by Ashtabula, Ohio.
Tho election is nt large. Each votor hns
only one voto, but ho may express on
his ballot any number of alternative
Civic Employees' Request Granted.
At its Bossion on Monday night tho
Vancouver city council approved of
tho recommendations of tlio board of
works regulating tlio hours of teamsters and covering the quostion of Saturday afternoon work. Requests for
nntion of this character was made by
the Civic Employees' union last week,
Aid. Gale proposing tho settlement satisfactory to the mon, which was approved by tho council.
Winnipeg's Aldermanic Election.
The flag-waving pntriots might bo
surprised to know that several of Alox
Hume's hardest workers were returned
soldiers, who know thnt Labor stands
for their interests as workers bofore
tho wnr, during thc war- and after tho
war. Organized labor from tho Atlantic to 4the Pacific wil stand ns n
tower of strength for just treatment by
tho government for tho men who hnve
dono their bit.—The.. Voice.
secured to the effect that all employees
are constantly being.worked overtime
and all were paid by the week. It is
stated that last week the girls in the
Pioneer Laundry worked 53 1-2 hours.
The declaration that the present
methods of collection and delivery is
the cause of long hours is declared to
be an evasion as the conditions merely
require the employers to engage sufficient help to do the work in the
stated hours of work. This constant
overtime work meant benefits for the,
employers as, up to the time the coun-'
oil firBt complained on the question, no
overtime was paid for.
The letter questions to the right
of the,inspector to use latitude in the
operation of laundries or to use his
discretion in enforcing the act.
OWo  Follows Its PoUcy—Longshoremen to Hear Explanation of
Act Tonight
The Ohio legislature recently passed
an amendment to th*> Workmen's Compensation Act which bars private insurance companies from writing any compensation business whatever In the
press comment on thr aetion, reference
is made to the report of the British
Columbia commission which laid the
foundation for the provincial compensation act and its strong recommendation
in favor of the government administering the fund exclusively, because of
the "many undesirable features usually attendant on the competitive company system."
- On the invitation of the Vanoouver
local of the Longshoremen's union; an
address explaining the principles of the
B. O. Compensation Act will be given
to its membera by Jas. H. McVety tonight.
Bequests "for Labor Legislation to Be
Blade to Government Next Week,
The session of the British Columbia
legislature was formally opened at Victoria yesterday with all the usuul pomp
and ceremony with the exception of the
firing of the salute, which is, paaaed over
during war times. After the formal entrance of his honor, the lieutenant-governor, F. S. Barnard, tho election of a
speaker was settled by the choice of
Mr. J. W. Weart, member for South
Vnncouver, following which the lieutenant-governor read tne speech from the
throno, in which was outlined tho work
to be 'undertaken by the legislature.
The first business session is being
held today, when H. C, Hall, member
from Victoria, will move the reply to
the speech from tho throne, and John
Keen, member from Knslo, will second
the resolution.
The requests of organized labor for
legislation und government action along
various lines, aB suggested at the Revel-
nt^ke<'rtnvi»nt-ion of the B. C. Federation of Labor, will bo presented to Pro-
mior Brewster and his colleagues by the
Federation executive at a conference
which will be nrrnnged for a day during
noxt week.
Declared That Laundry Owners Settle
Interpretation of the Act.
Secrotary Midgley of tho Trades and
Labor council hns written tho provincial
authorities with reforence to the recent
report ef Factory Inspector Gordon on
tho operation of Vancouver laundries,
which was submitted to tho council.
The letter states that according to
tho roport it is Btated that the laundry
owners nre wiHing to livo within tho
law as far as tho naturo of the industry
will permit, but it is also shown thnt
the employors' interpretation as to
what tho naturo of the industry will
permit appears to be accepted by the
Tho inspector's statement that the
laundries wero complying with tho
regulations, oxcopt as to "markers"
who are paid by the month, is flatly
challenged,   Information   having been
Advises   That   Conditions  on  Prairie
Be Understood by Coast
In view of the fact that an active
propaganda for inducing labor to migrate from the coast to tho prairies is
now being carried on, tho Moose Jaw
Trados and Labor council has passed a
resolutidn warning all cIusbcs of labor
to whom this propaganda may appeal
to guin a full understanding of the conditions before plunning to make the
trip to Saskatchewan.
Mr. R. H. Chadwick, secretary of
tho council, writes on tho subject ' aa
"Propaganda work inviting agricultural laborers to come horo in pust
years has resulted in workerB coming
in numbers out of proportion to tho
needs, resulting in mnny of them entering the cities in Btrunded conditions
and becoming n njonnce to established
lnbor interests here. There nro no pros-
pectB for any artisans in tho building
trades and wo ure of tho opinion thnt
tho workerB' condition to both cast
and west of ub are far better than in
Saskatchewan at the presont timo. Tho
cost of living hero is very high and all
unskilled labor is paid equally cast and
west of this provinco, and wo would
advise all workers not to seriously consider coming hero beforo becoming acquainted with the existing conditions."
Officers Aro Elected and Organization
Starts With Bright
On Tuesday evening tho faithful organization work which has boon carried
on among the retail clorkB of Vancouver culminated in tho formal cstub
lishmont of Local 279 of tho Rotail
Clerks' International Protective Association and this orgnnization will hereafter tnko tho pluce locally filled by
tho independent organization known
as tho Retail Employees' Association.
Tho first officers of the organization
wero electod as follows: Mr. C. D.
Bruce, president; Mr. Woolnrd and Mr.
Beresford, first and second vico-prcsi-
donts, respectively; Mr. A. P, Glen, sec-
rotary-treusuror; Mr. Hne, recording
secretary; Mr. Barlow, guardian; Mr.
G, S. Nicholson, udvocnto agent. Theso
officers, together with Mrs. Enright
and Miss Crompton, constitute thu executivo council.
The.institution of tire local and tho
installation of tho officers waa conducted by W. R. Trotter, who gave
an interesting addross on the scope of
the new organization and tho methods
generally followed by bodios connected
with trades unionism.
It was nnnouncod at tho meeting that
tho retail clorks of both Victoria and
Prince Ruport were now organizing
nlong trudoB union linen and that application to tho international association for charters had been made.
Favorable Recommendation
Made By Council
Executive ~
Naming of Candidate for
Coming By-election
Thousands of wage-workers, who arc
paid evory week and who spend their
money in Vnncouver, own The Fedorationist, and it is to their interests to
read its advertisements and to patronise its advertisers, Merchants who
want thiB trado should know how best
to reach them. ***
THE QUESTION as to whether
Vancouver Trades and Labor
counoil should enter a candidate at the coming provincial by*
election in the city was vigorously
debated at the meeting of the
council last night. After a number of the delegates had aired
their views, both pro and con, the
matter was laid over until next
nieeting, in order to give the delegates an opportunity to consult
their locals on the subject. The
question was introduced in the
form of a recommendation by the
executive, advising "That a candidate be nominated by the Trades
and Labor council at the forthcoming provincial by-election."
Consideration of the recommendation was.laid over until new
business, when Dels. Pipes and Harrison moved concurrence. Then the fun
began, and for over an hour language
flowed in copious streams.
Del. Hubble thought that just at present it would be a watte of time and
money to put up a candidate. Too many
Labor men were attached to the old
parties, and would follow their leadership/ A more effective organization
ni'dst be worked up to warrant the action.
Del. Rigby said a start along political linos muat be made some time, and
the adoption of the proposed plan would
bo a stop in an educational movement
which would be worth something.
Labor Needs Representation,
Del, Midgley said the proposed movement wns in lino with the opinion of
Labor throughout the provinoe. At the
RevolBtoke convention, it was stated
that Lubor hud no .representative at the
seat of legislation, and there was no
volfijj* raised to "deny the etattme'nf t6at
socialism wns dead, and tho convention
called for a roforondum re political action. At the last election, Vancouver
saw a number of lnbor men run as independents, und on various tlsketa, but
without the support of the council. Next
wook tho Foderation executive was to
present to the government its requests
for legislation. Whnt wus the poaition
without a representative on the inside
to plead their casof Something should
bo done. If organized labor was capable of choosing its officers, it waa able
to put up a candidate and give proper
support. Just now conditions were
worso than ever, because of the workers
being unable to agree upon a platform.
The speaker wns, however, opposed to
using council funds for campaign work.
Del. Benson went over the movement
of last year, when an effort was mnde
to put up a Labor ticket, without the
support of the council. He said tho
question of finances camo 'ap, and proved to be a serious problem. This matter
would come up again if tho executive's
uction was entertained. In ordor to so-
cure fuller understanding of tho movement and the problems arising, ho
moved that action be deforred for two
meetings, thc executive in the interim
to consider the question of finnnces, and
nlso iiscertnin whnt stand Tho Fedorationist would tako in the matter. Tho
last suggestion he mnde because nt thu
last provincinl election the publication
had not given support to the-Labor men
who were candidates.
The Fed's Position Explained.
President McVety snid that Tho Federationist would s.ipport nny candidato
who was backed by the council or tho
provincial Federation, lt was not
bound to support Labor mon who ran ns
Independents or on nny tickets, nnd who
did not seek the council's support. Replying to u query of Del. Benson, tho
speaker said that both Del. Wilton nnd
Trotter had declined to have the question of the council endorsing them com-)
Dol. McVety said that it was with regret that ho Hiiiil at the Rovelstoke convention thnt tho socialist party was
dead in the province, but ho believed
this wns the facta From what h.) hoard
from workers, ho believed a candidate
nominated by tho council would be supported at the by-election. Tho Liberal*
wero pretty well "up in tho air," as
the plugging charges were by no meana
dead, and thc Conservatives wero rather
moribund. Tho success of the movo-
ment depended on the man nominated,
aud the support given him. A showing
could bo made which would encourage
future activity in tho samo liuo and, ultimately, the workors would land thoir
candidate. There wua no use deferring
action. If tho governmont put off tho
by-election, it would bo woll for Lnbor
to get in tho Held now, and head off independents who might plan to Tun. As
to tho Federation referendum ro politicnl action, tho Hold ooverod by tho
council was of such a scope and included so many workers as to enable tho
locnl workors to stand on their own
Del. Hubble said tho socialist pnrty
was very much alive. The propaganda
meetings thoy nro holding in tho city
every Sunday night wero doing good
work, and tho movement wub of a character which would greatly benefit the
Defer Action for Two Weeks.
Dol. Kelly said the adoption of the
report at this meeting would mean that
tho council was trying to run the locals.
If tho question was deferred for one
meeting, the delegates could consult
their membership and, two weeks hence,
(Continued on page G) PAGE TWO
FBIDAT. March 2, 1917
Assets ....
... 64,000,000
Household Banking
in The Bank of Toronto hnve boon
found* by many to bo n great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wifo, and either may deposit
or withdraw mon'ey. Interest is
paid on these nccounts twice a
Paid-up Capital J5,000,000
Beserve Fund 8,600,000
Corner Bastings and Gamble Sts.
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware;   screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Pair. 447
Even telephone mon of long experience are Burpritiod at the groator voloo
distinctness when Bpeaking directly
into the telophone. Whon you apeak
diroctly into the telophono, a lower
tone of voice oan be used, and your
friend can bear easily.
Moreover, when you speak lower,
the actual tone-qualities of your volcn
aro transmitted. When you speak
loudly, you unconsciously adopt an unnatural tone of voice, with tho result
that much of that Intimacy that should
be associated with face-to-face conversation Is lost.
A close position to the telephone
means easy talking and easy bearing.
Yonr Fruit Trees, Shrubs, Boses,
etc., from
1403 Seventh Ave. Waat, Vancouver.
Satisfaction guaranteed. Descriptive
catalogue FBBE. Handsome premium
ln planta for Ust of prospective planters.
Reliable salesmen wanted in B. O.
and Middle Wost provinces. Got our
attractive proposition.    Write today.
Out-of-town Union Men who visit
Vancouver should pay a visit to
Perry & Dolk
The Labor Temple
Union Tailors
Pick out a spring suit and get it
properly made, union-made, combined with right treatment.
Best Customers
ue among the trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver.
We Will Make Terms to
Suit You
Come In and look over tho biggest
and best stock of furniture in
Britiah Columbia.
Sou-Van Milk
Should be in the home of every
Fair. 2621
Labor Temple Press    Sey. 4190
Refined Service
One Block west of Court House.
Uae of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Pnrlora froo to all
Telephone Seymonr 2426
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettipiece .Manager
Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:  $1.50 por year;  in Vancouvor
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00.
New Westminster .W. YatcB, Box 1021
Princo Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wolls, Box 1538
Field Circulation  Booster. Geo. F.   Stirling
'Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of tbe World"
..March 2, 3911
at Victoria. Strength to the arm of tho
B. C. Federation of Labor in taking the
initiative in the matter. May its efforts
meet with a hearty response from the
rank and file. Let none hold back because, perchance, its referendum call
does not carry -with it a sufficiently
clear socialist ring, for be it known tnat
there is no. other political leaven at present possessing virtue and virility, and
weak though it be at presont, it will
assuredly leaven the whole lump. There
is no other rainbow of promise in the
labor heavens. Political action by the
workers! Yes, and along clear cut and
progressive lines.   Go to it yo braves!
ELSEWHERE IN this issue will be
found  a referendum promulgated
. by the B. 0. Federation of Labor
to its constituent unions nnd members,
doaling with  the advisability of  the
Federation entering
SHALL WE the   politicnl   field.
00 INTO Whether the Feder-
POLITICS? ation goes into poli
tics upon its own
hook or becomes the medium through
whieh the various lubor and othor progressive bodies of tho province aro
brought together and sot upon the political road, is immaterial, but the proposal, ns suggested in tho aforesaid referendum, is assuredly a step in the
right direction. The day is immediately
at hand when it will become absolutely
imperative that the forces that make
for human progress mobilizo thoir scat
tered efforts in a direct assault againBt
the powers and privileges so impudently
and arrogantly exorcised by tho industrial and commercial overlords of this
brutal and rotten civilization. Out of
tho present war will emerge a capitalist
ruling class immensely roinvigorated
and rejuvenated as a roffiilt of its copious, refreshing and profitable blood
bath, and unless the enslaved workers
are prepared to put up a far moro vigorous ond effective fight against the
schemes and encroachments of that ruling class than heretofore, the few privileges that have been gained through
long years of struggle will bo completely wiped out, and the workers be forced
to still lower depths of dependence,
misery and uncertainty.
* ■•_-♦*
And why must these workers and
others who feel the iron heel of capitalist tyranny, line up together politically! Simply,because there is no other
way out of the difficulty. All economic
questions are political questions. There
is no dividing line between economics
and politics. Every conflict between
material interests in human society becomes a political issue for the very simple renson that neither side to the con*
trovoray can attain a victory until tho
powers of thc state become enlisted
upon that side and arrayed against the
other side. In every controversy between employers and employees tho Bide
that comes out victor is the ono that
has the powers of government upon its
side. However much this may bc decried by some alleged labor people, it is
well to noto that whenever trouble
comes, these self-same worthies are
among the first to appeal to the law
for protection and nid wherewith to win
the battle.
\ *      *      *
And what is this precious thing called
the lawf It is merely the edict of the
master to govern the conduct of the
slave. Who makes the lawf The master, so far, and by and with the slave's
permission. Under such circumstances,
there can bo but one line the law must
follow, ond that is the lino of the interests of tho master class. Under sueh
circumstances, the power of the state
must at all times bo at the command
of the maBter class and ready to be
used at any time against the enslaved
workers. And yet in all civilized statea
like Canada, the workers outnumber the
maaters many to one, and these slaves
are in possession of the franchise, the
legal moans wherewith to strip their
masters of the power to rule, rob and
torture thom, by turning tho representatives of the masters out of the legislative end executivo chambers of the
nation, and roplacing thom by their
own representatives, armed with their
own political and economic mandate.
This would mean not bo much tha making of moro law, but the -undoing of tho
accursed net of legal chicanery that has
beon so artfully woven down through
the centuries, for tlio purpose of separating the wealth producers from tho
products of their labor and building up
the fortunes pf the rulers and exploiters
of all lands.
* *      *
Of course, it is time that the forces
of labor, both rural and urban, were directed to operations along political
lines, and the capitalist domination of
production and distribution be challenged nnd broken. The. producers have
lived too long in penury and mlsory,
while the exploiters have wallowed in
wealth and useless ness at their expense.
The natural rosourcea and the productive powers of the workers havo been
solely directed to the enrichment and
nggrandizemont of vulgar and unscrupulous profit lords and ruling class ruffians, until the whole world has been
thrown into a veritnblo paroxysm of
brutality, butchery and crime. It is
high timo that the inherently decent
elements in human socioty camo together and tacklod tho job of cleansing
tho political and economic "Augean
stablea" of civilization of tho accumulated filth of the centuries of class rule,
robbery and rapine.
* *       *
And the way for us in British Columbia to begin is in a vigorous and determined assault upon tho legislative halls
C YDNEY, N. S. W.—Tho Austral-
•*" ian Alliance of Peace .has passed
the following resolution:
"Wo believe the time has come for
tho people of all countries to protect
themselves against militarism and
capitalism by forming an Internntionnl Pooplo's union which shall aim
at establishing a social nnd industrial Bystem undor which goods shall
bo produced for use and not for
profit; and, further, that a now party
should bo formed immediately in
Australia embodying the above details, and dotermined to pursue towards othor nations such n policy as
will securo to.the people full and freo
internal and external developments."
that the present war must bo fought
out to a successful finish. That bru
tnl and utterly 'unscrupulous militnry
and Bemi-feudal tyranny of mid-Europe
must be crushed
A CHALLENGE and broken, in or-
TO MILITARISM der that even the
AND CAPITALISM capitalist conception of economic
and political development may survivo,
and humanity not be forced back into
the crude brutalities of medieval days.
Probably there is not a momber of the
Alliance of Peace who might be properly accounted an advocate of peace at
nny price. But it may easily bo understood that there aro many who believe
that although this war must be waged
to a triumphant conclusion by tho entente powers, there is grave danger
that tho military machine that will
have become highly perfected and powerful as a mattor of necessity incidental
to the war, will have so securely fastened its yoke upon us that it will presont as great or even a greater menace
to overything that makes for human
liberty and democracy, than tho menace
pf feudal mia>Europo, for the Bmnshing
of which that military machine was
built up. Even the best that our wise
rulers can at the presont time promise
us as our portion for tho future, is a
world-wide and furiouB trade war that
is to follow the present clash of arms.
And it is more than hinted that such
war is to be ns furio'usly and bitterly
fought as is the present bloody struggle. Not only is there nothing in our
own country to warrant the assumption
that the military establishment will be
reduced to its pre-war status upon the
conclusion of presont hostilities, but
there is much to indicato that
it will everywhere bo rotained
as the dominant factor in ruling class calculations of the future. If
any further proof of this is required, it
may eaBily be found in the pronounced
determination of the great dominant interests of 'the United States to force
some sort of compulsory military service upon the people of that hitherto
peaceful Innd. It is needless to add
that no such scheme is ever intended
for tho good of thoso upon whom it is
to bo forced.
* *       ♦
These are the days that are giving all
of the forces of reaction the hope and
the opportunity for a renewed lease of
life. And that these forces are taking
all due advantage of it ia ovidenced
upon every hand. Notice how in Britain at war, and in the Unitod States
at peace, the executive power is determinedly oncroaching upon the legislative power. Note how deftly parliaments are being pushed into tho background nnd all authority is boing assumed by premiers and presidents. Parliaments are too close to the people
to Suit the requirements of those who
would assault popular liberties, hence
a Lloyd Googre and his narrow clique
assume the government of Britain, and
a parliament of spineless nonentities
allows itself to bo gently but thoroughly thrust into a poBitioa of innocuous
desuetude Wilson asks for supreme
aud absolute power to deal with a certain alleged monace, and a blank
cheque to cover the expeuso, and it
looks at tho present moment aB though
his request will bo grantod by a parliament thnt is cither without spine, or
is dominated by interests as completely
reactionary and dangerous to peace and
liborty as ovor held sway in Germany
or any pther politically backward and
tyrannical state.
* *      *
It   is high   time that   Leagues   of
Poace and International People's
unions were formed in all countries and
the direct ehallengo given to militarism, capitalism, and all that brood ot
reactionary and murderous schemes
that aro mado possible only by means
of tho jackboot and the bayonet. It is
time the people wore beginning to
think about the inauguratioa of a regime under which "goods shall be produced for use and not for profit," for
tho vory simple reason that production
for profit has never yet brought to the
wealth producing peHion of humanity
anything else but poverty, misery, distress, • agony, travail and bloody
slaughter. The culmination of the ages
during which the enslaved sons of toil
have been driven in the industrial
shambles of civilization for the profit
and aggrandizement of their musters,
may be contemplated in that glorious
spectacle now being staged in Europe,
and which casts its shadow of horror
and gloom throughout all the earth.
It is indeed time that the decent
people of all lands, they who long for
peace and liberty, wHq desire to live in
fraternity and good fellowship with
each and all, should bond themselves together for the purpose of casting off
the chains of industrial bondage that
now hold them in (brail to the brutal
and conscienceless profit lords of the
earth and their vulgar aud bloody regime.
* * *
Far too much time has been wasted
in temporizing with tho present wage
nnd profit system, with its attendant
brood of pestilential evils and horrors.
No matter how earnestly we try to
patch it up and make it more tolerable to itB suffering 'victims, it grows
progressively worse. Disguiso tho bitter truth as we may, tho presont syatem of property and production is nothing bat a thin and transparent mask
for human slavery. All thnt there ever
was, is or can bo in human slavery is
embodiod in it. Chattel slavery and
feudalism took from tho slave the entire product of his lubor. Those methods of skinning slaves could do no
moro than that. Capitalism, the prosent
system, does no less. It is time that
the people repudiated this latest and
most complete system and method of
human slavery and torture. Tho socialists hnve long Bince challenged its right
to survive. It Ib indeed a cheering sign
of the times that an ever increasing
number of people nre also voicing the
challenge and expressing a disposition
to act. All hail to the Australian workors, for they are indeed the vory vanguard of that world movement for human brothorhood, fraternity and peace
that is slowly but surely marshalling
its forces for the fina.1 challenge to the
powers of darkness and evil that havo
so long ruled and even yet rulo the
world, making of that which might be
a paradise a veritable bloody Bhambles
and a pit of agony. And tho workers
of Canada and the rest of the world
may well follow in the footsteps of
those same Australian workers who ore
so valiantly struggling for a conception of nationality that is abovo criticism, except at tho hands of reactionaries, thieves and other disreputables.
really free, it is manifestly clear that
they would not and could not strike,
and for the same reason that a free
horse could not and would not balk in
harness. There would be no harness. It
is an enslaved horse alone that possesses the "God-given natural right"
to strike. And when Mr. Gompers or
any one else affirms that "free men
will strike," he knows as little about
what he is talking about, as would be
the case of he who would assert that a
free horse would indulge in balky fits.
That which calls forth balky fits in
horses and striking fits among working-
men doea not and cannot exist under
freedom, in either case. Even Henry
Dubb o'ught to comprehond that, and it
is extremely doubtful if Henry would
have such a poor opinion of tho Doity
as to attribute the propensity of tho
equine nag to balk and the human nag
to strike, as a "God-given natural
right." It might moro properly bo attributed to a painful lack of rensoning
faculties iu both cases.
A GREAT DEAL haB been spoken
nnd written about the rights of
man. Lafargue, the brilliant
French socialist, evon wrote ably nnd
eloquently in defense of the rights of
the horso, and ad-
OUB GOD-GIVEN vised the working-
NATURAL man    to    demand
RIGHT. rights     equal     to
thoso grantod to. his
equine compatriot in the toil and drudgery of lifo penance in the vineyard
of a profit-mad civilization. While tho
rights of man are supposed by Bome enthusiasts to be natural or God-given
rights, there is scarcely to be found so
shallow pated a. thinker as to assert
that the rights of the horse are anything beyond such treatment and usage
as may bo accorded that fo'ur-footed
beast of burden by his master, man,
But it now apponrs that the horse has
ono right that is a natural one, or bettor
yet, a God-given right, and that is the
right to balk. At loast that is the only
inferenco we aro able to draw from recent utterances issuing from the lips of
tho highest living authority on "God-
given natural rights." And thnt authority is no less a personage than Mr.
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Fedoration of Labor.
* *       *
It seems that a proposal has been
made by the chairman of a certain
"public servico commission" over in
the United Stntes, that strikes should
bo prohibited, and a wage board created
for the purpose of settling wage disputes. Of course everybody knows that
wage disputes can never be settled,
cither by strikes, wage boards, or any
other device or contraption, but will
continue to spring up and pester and
annoy tho sons of men, so long as slaves
exist and masters ply the lash of exploitation. That the wage board subterfuge is just aB impotent to settle
the matter of wages as is the strike,
must be apparent to any one who hus
eyes with which to see. This being thus
it would appear that it is hardly worth
while to expend either breath or energy
in combntting this wage board proposition. But Mr. Gompers evidently thinks
differently, howover, for he attends n
public hearing of the proposal of the
commission and most emphatically protests against tho wage board scheme.
"A republic can only exist where men
are freo," declared Mr. Gompers. And
in opposing tbe proposal for a wage
board he said, "we will fight it in the
courts, and, if beaten there, we will ex
erciso our God-given natural right, the
law notwithstanding. You may make
us law-breakers, possibly, but you are
not going to make us Blaves." Now,
theBe may be brave words, but they appear to us aB mere bombastic verbiage,
closely akin to what is termed fustian.
♦ ♦      *
"Our God-given natural rights" is
evidently the right to strike. Gompers
saya, "free men will strike, regardless
of laws." And "you are not going to
make us slaves," by taking from us the
right to strike and substituting therefor this wage board scheme. It Is
therefore clear that our "God-given
natural right," our "freedom" consists
solely of our right to strike. Ab applied
to the horse, his "God-given natural
right," hia freedom would bo aololy
measured by hia right to balk in harness and refuse to longer pull the plow,
Now it would appear to the unsophisticated logician that a free horse would
not only find it unnecessary to balk,
but would alao find it impossible to do
ao for reasons that *re quite obvious.
It might also occur to iome people that
much the same thing might be Baid of
the free man.     If the workerB were
city. And thia corporation only cleaned up $40,000,000 net profit for the laBt
fiscal year. It's a shame to take the
The country is Btill safe. The salmon
cannery trust of this province is to be
permitted to ship its product to the
soldiers overseas. Between the big
juicy profits made by this transaction
and the fact that the scarcity of salmon
at home enables the trust to soak the
home-brew for additional "war profits" everything seems, to be satisfactory—to the profiteering pirates who
pwn the B. C. fishing trust.
We plead guilty to having upon numerous occasions compared the peddler
of labor power to the peddler of onions
and spuds. In view of the relative
cash importance in the market of labor
power as compared to onions or spuds,
we offer sincere apologies to the peddler of tho fragrant onion and tho filling spud. Wo Bhall henceforth refrain
from attempting to push the vendor of
cheap and vulgar junk into tho category or worthy doalera in high cluss
merchandise. '
times    indulged     in     criticism
of tho purposo lying behind
tho patriotic fund scheme, which we
have held to bo little less than thnt of
affording a plausi-
GIVE CREDIT ble excuse for the
WHERE CREDIT govornment to shirk
IS DUE. its   manifest   duty
towards  the   fami-
of soldiers, who have beon
left without adequato means of
support i owing to tho call of
King and country in the hour of
need. That rather questionable meanB
Have in many cases been used to extort
contributions to this fund from working
peoplo whose meagre wagea scarce sufficed for tho decent maintenance of
their own families, is a fact that is beyond reasonable dispute It has beon
also noted that tho contribution of people of wealth aro in many caseB pitifully small when their ability to contribute is taken into consideration. But
wc aro pleased to announce that no coercive measures havo as yet boon ro-
sorted to in ordor to compel these hnrd-
working prollt grabbers to loosen up
for the patriotic fund. Whatever has
loakod through the safoty valve of their
material emotions into the fund, has
been in tho naturo of a spontaneous
outpouring sufficiently limited in volume
to avoid all danger of unduly inflating
tho fund.
* * #
But in spite of all the narrow penuri-
ousness manifested by so many of the
groat "malefactors of wealth" in their
attitude towards tho patriotic fund,
thero nro exceptions that shine forth
with most dazzling effulgence. And
whenever s'uch exceptions are discovered, Tho Fedorationist is only too happy
to give credit where credit is due. A
shining example of patriotic muniii-
cenco mny be found in tho caso of tho B.
C. Packers' association. In its annual
report for 1016, it Bhows earnings for
the yoar of only $257,000. Tho moaning of "earnings" in this connection is
something gotten for nothing.
But although tho "packers" only
got tho nbove mentioned sum
for nothing, during tho past
year, thoro was "brought forward"
from the previous yoar $1,072,000,
which makes a total of $1,330,000. This
represents what was gotten last year
for nothing, plus what had been gotten
by the same route during previous
years and had not yet been divided
amongst the getters. The "packers"
are supposed to pack flsh, but the fact
is that they do nothing of the sort.
Their slavos pack the flsh. Most of
theso slaves are yellow, somo aro brown
and a few whito. Speaking of fish, it
should not be forgotten tnat flsh are
cold-blooded. This need not imply that
"packers" are, however. And the subsequent facts will most assuredly point
out that they are quite the contrary.
For let it be known that out of tne
miserably amall amount of $1,330,000,
these same "packers" who do not pack,
except that tney pack away the "eara-
ings," contributed the magnificent sum
of—we hesitnte to mention it as it
makes tho contribution of tho average
high-salaried waitress and shop girl
look bo pitifully amall—$1200. Just
think of it, $1200. A stupendous aum.
If it waB all in nice round silver eimo-
leons and they were laid Bide by side,
thoy would actually roach from the
workingman's parlor to the library, to
tho dining room, to madam's boudoir,
to tho nursory, to tho sun parlor, to the
servant's attic, to tho kitchen, to the
potato safe, und there would still be
left aomethlng like aix bits with which
to attune the B. C. Electric Co.'s gas
motor for a considerable period. Why,
that magnificent sum would be almost
sufficient to keep a soldier's wife and
children in reasonable comfort for a
whole year, that ia if apuda and diamonds wero cut out. That there Is real
warm-blooded patriotism in the land we
will no longer attempt to deny.
Twenty men were killed in a coal
mine explosion near Stone City, Kansas,
last December. The state mine inspector reports thut "opinion is dividod"
as to tho cause of tho explosion. This
division of opinion, however, is confined sololy to the cause of the explosion, Thero is a complete unanimity
of opinion that tho 20 miners aro dead.
And it is more than probable that 20
families are left without other menns
of support thnn thoso usually provided
by a christian world whoso slogan is
"faith, hopo and charity," with the
accent on faith and hopo, for theso cost
ovon less than charity.
Private' employment agencies (slave
dealers) in Ohio aro to be subject to
strict regulation, according to the provisions of a bill now bofore the state
legislature. Slave dealers in the south
before tho war were also subject to
more or less strict regulations. It
seems that this business of hooking
slavos on to jobs is pregnant with evils
that require tho bost efforts of statesmen und lawgivers to satisfactorily
whitewash into passable respectability
by moans of legal hocus pocus. In this
respect things ure much tho same' as
they wero beforo the wnr that "freed
tho nigger."
If tho fleas had beon unanimous they
could havo pulled me out of bed.—
Charles Lamb. To which an exchange
remarks that, "they were not organized." But they evidently wore both
organized and Unanimous, for they did
not attempt to pull their victim out of
tho bed, but continued thoir tasty and
soul-satisfying blood-sucking operations
within tho warming confines of blankets and sheets rnther than be exposed
to tho chilling blasts of the cold world
outside. Fleas, just like their modern
prototypes, tho capitalists, have hotter sense than to throw any good thing
out of bed und run thc risk of spoiling
it. And thore is something in this witticism of Lamb's that is strangely reminiscent of the capitalist fleas and
tho labor giunt.   There is for a fact.
Vancouver genoral hospital should
be taken over and operated by the provincial government.
Some people's idea of national service is that the workers shall supply
all tho blood and the corporations^ financiers and war contractors get nil the
The city hall doesn't need painting
or kalsomining, as the clerical staff
suggest. It needs extermination. It
wouldn't make decent hendquarters for
the garbage department.
Shall organized labor initiate a movement to go into politics? Just read the
daily prefls records of war profits for
one week and then aak the question.
Can tho workers keep out of politics—
for themselves—and survive!
For downright impudence R. B. Bennott, national "service" director, is in
a class by himself. Not satisfied with
directly participating in war profits
himsolf, nnd without ono single move
on the part of his governmont to evon
commandeer, let alone nation lizc, the
industries revelling in war profits, ho
has the unmitigated gall to ask what
few white working mon nro left in
British Columbia to sign up "service"
cards indicating why and when they
can bo used by profiteers to coin more
profit out of thom. And this while the
corporations of Canada aro rolling in
the graft of war contracts. R, B. Bennett should go down on his marrow
In.nes ovory night of his life and thank
his stars thut the workers of Canada
ure almost aB stupid aa he thinks they
"Capital is organized Now labor is
organizing as its only weapon of do-
fonso, and labor is learning its strength
aud must bo recognized. I am not arguing merely in favor of unions. I am
Bpoaking in favor of justice." With
this bold and aggressive attempt
at German frightfulness, State Commissioner of Labor Jackson of Pennsylvania, startled the Philadelphia
chamber of commerce recently. The
meoting at which Jackson mado those
statements was held for the purpose
of.jigging up somo scheme whereby
labor disputes might bo Bottled to the
mutunl satisfaction of evorybody concerned, without resorting to Btrikes or
lockouts. No wonder the "Chamber"
wns Btartled. It will be oven more
startling should Jnckson succeed in reconciling the irreconcilable. Thore
ought to bo a fair chance* for "justice"
to escupe crufixion, however, with so
mnny nble attorneys thus nobly pload-
ing in her behalf.
The poor old 0. P. R, is having a
hard time of it. Some $5,000,000 of
property in Vancouvor which has been
exempt from taxation for the past
twenty years is now to be taxed by the
It looks aB though tho Oriontal menace would servo as a political football
for another hnlf century in British
Columbia. A reference to the
"Twenty YearB Ago" column will
show that it wus serving much the
samo Borvice at thut date, even in the
central labor body. Now that the Orientnls are beginning to cut into the
profits of whito busineBa mon we hear
more of the menace. Very little attention ia paid to tbe fact that Oriontal
products are being shipped into this
port ut a startling rnte, the product of
American machines and all-Oriental
labor. Every fourth man in B. C. is
an Oriental, with no voice or vote in
the affaira of Btate. That, of course,
should be left exclusively to the profiteering patriots. They know what is
good for ua. It's about time the workers began to play a little politics on
their own account, rather than racing
from one old party to the other, both
of which stand for the aame methods
of coining profit out of wage-workers.
Andrew Furuseth, president of the
International Seamen's union, now protests to Congress that tho language and
standard of skill clauses of the seamen's act have' been practically nullified by certnin rulings of the federal
department of commerce. Not only are
ships engaged in foreign trade manned
by crews in violation of the language
test proscribed by tho act, but tho same
is also true of ships solely engaged in
coastwise trade. "Conditions in thia
reBpect" says Furuseth, "are oven
worso than before the passage of the
act." Ab it took Andrew about twenty
years to lobby this precious act through
Congress, and the result to the seaman
is, "in this respect oven worse than before tho passage of the act," we suggest that he spend another twenty years
or so in trying to induce Congress to
remedy the defect. In making this
Buggostion we are actuated by the hope
that another twenty yoars of effort
along Buch promising and fruitful lines
may complete Andrew's education in
the profound acionce of how not to do
\Ca Autoraotylla
'** Marine, eto.
860 Bichard. Stmt     Ser. "34
Unequalled Vaudeville Meant
..« PHPl SH0WS »*"*
Matinee, lee; Evenlnga, 15o, 2»o
J. Edward Seata     Offlce: Sey. 4148
Barruteri, Solicitor., Cmveyaneeri, Etc.
„        VM!#* mi Vancouver
Vancouver Offloo: 516*7 Roger. Bldi.
Men's Hattors and Outfitters
Three Stores
Vancouver Pickle Co.
ask for
Highland 21   Factory 801 Powell
Phone Bey. 6183   1296 Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
Jobbing Worli a Specialty
Phono Soy. laa and Hob. Bay. 77
10S3 OBANVILLE ST., Vancouver
Opposite Labor Temple
Hoadquartors  for Labor men.    Rates
7iic  and  $1.00  per  day.
89.50 por week and up.
 Oafe at Reasonable Bites,
Hotel Canadk
618 Richards Street
(Near Labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
UNION-MADE The beat that
gl|/\r'Q money cen buy
■jllUCiO    $4.50 to $8.50
Slaters, Leckiee, Wayland.
J. & T. Bell, Ames-llolden
649 Hastings Street West
When you are through with
thia oopy of The Federationiat,
take it along on your way to
work and leave it on the car seat,
Hand a copy to your acquaint-
ancea now and then. Among your
friends and fellow workerB are
many who would appreciate a
certain article. Mark the item
for them; they will enjoy roading
it. Many never had a copy of
this' paper to read. Tou can
place every copy where it will
find new readers. Don't destroy
this copy, but pass it along,
To memben of any union in Canada a
apodal rate for The Federatlonist of 01
per year—If a club of 10 or more la aent
Tenders for Supplies.
The undersigned will receive tenders v
till   12   o'clock  noon,   Monday,   March   5th
1017, for the supply of the following goodi
for a period of one year from date of award
ing of contract:
Sand and Gravel
Making uniforms
Fhotqgraphlo Supplies. S
Tender forms, specifications and amonn
of deposit required may be obtained at m
Olty Purchasing Agent "PIPSISP
optimal urn
(u£m8S)       I1.M PER YEAB
flrat   »nd_third_ Thursdays.   Executive
board; James H. MeVety, president; Fred A.
Hoover, vice-president; Victor B. Mldgley,
general aeoretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, statist!
clan; sergeant-at-arms, Oeorge Harrison; A.
J. Crawford, Jaa. Campbell, V. Haigh, trna*
Meets  aeoond  Monday  ln  the  month
President, J,  McKinnon;  secretary,  B.  H
Neelanda, P. 0. Box 86.     	
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 678.—Office,
Boom 808 Labor Temple. MeeU flnt
Sunday of eaoh month. President, James
Campbell; flnanolal seoretary, H. Davis, Boi
434; phone, Sey. 4762; recording secretary,
Wm. Mottle*haw, Globe Hotel, Main street.
al Union of America. Looal No. 130—
Meets 2nd and 4th Twidaya in the montb,
Room 305 Labor Temple. President. L. E
Herrltt; secrotary, 8. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
Meet 2nd and 4th Wednesdays, 8 p.m.
Room 807. President, Chaa. P. Smith; corresponding seoretary, W. B. Dagnall, Box 68,
financial socretary, W. J. Pipes; busineu
agent, W. B. Dagnall, Room 216.	
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third
Monday of each montb, Room 802. Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, A. Sykes; secretary. Frank Graham, 2266 Twelfth avenu*
west. ^_________________
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 184—Meets
flrat and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue west,
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Btreet.
620. Meets every Sunday, 3 p.m., Room 216,
Labor Temple. President, Wm. Walker;
vice-president, J. B. Flynn; secretary-treasurer, W. A, Alexander, Boom 316, Labor
Temple.    Phone, Buy, 7496.
Paolflo—Meeta at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, buslneas
—Meeta ln Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. Mc
Dougall, 1162 Powell street; recording aeore
tary, John Alurdock, Labor Temple; financial
secretary and business agent, E. H. Moniaon,
Room 207, Labor Temple. 	
sooiatlon, Looal 86*62—Offlce and hall,
10 Powell street. Meets every Thursday b
p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F, Chapman; business agent, J. Mahone.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. Presl'
dent, Wm. Small; recording seoretary, J.
Brooks: financial secretary, J. H, MoVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7495.
tors' Union, Local 848, I. A. T, S. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets flrst Sunday of eaoh
month, Room 304, Labor Temple. President,
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
financial and corresponding secretary, 0. A.
Hansen, P. 0. Box 846. 	
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Breach meeta eecond and fourth Mondaya,
Room 305, Labor Templo. President, Bay
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue west; financial secretary, J. Campbell, 4860 Argyle
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1612 Yew street.   Phone Bayvlew 28ML.
188—Meets aecond an fourth Thursdaya
ot each month, room 803, Labor Temple.
President, John MoMell; flnanolal seoretary,
Geo. H, Weaton; recording secretary, Ju.
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple.	
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdaya at 8 p.m. President, J. Hubble;
vlco-president, E. S. Cleveland; recording Bee.
tary, A. V. Lotting, 2661 Trinity street,
phone Highland 168R; financial secretary'and
business agent; Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
drive, offloe cornor Prior and Main streeta.
America, Looal No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Monday tn each montb, 8 p.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; vicu-prpuldont, Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, W. W,
Hockon, Box 508; financial secretary, T.
Wood, P. 0. Box 508.	
laet Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President, H. C, Benson; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66. —_—_
President—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D,
C.j Cigarniakera International union,
Flnt vice-president—James Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.; Granite Cutters' International
Second vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C; International Association of Machinists.
Third vice-president— W. D. Mahon, Chicago,
III.   Street Railway Employees' union.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine ot
Cincinnati; Molders' union of North
Fifth vice-president—John B. Alpine, Chicago; Unltod Association of P'umbers.    -
Sixth vice-president—H. B. Perham, St.'
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphers,
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis; United Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John B. Lennon, Bloomlngton,
III.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secretary—Frank  Morrison, Washington, D.
0.; International Typographical union.
_ . Of America ,*Qxr
eoprmcHT aTWA&i mmkhisiwemd nos
Vote against prohibition! Demand personal liberty In choosing wbat you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that It Is Union
Made. ThiB Ib our Label
COAL mining rights of the Dominion tn
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, tho North-West Territories
and In a portion of tho Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years renewal for a furthor torm
of 21 years at an annual rental of $1 an acre.
.Not moro than 2,560 acres will bo leased to
one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-
Agent of the district In which the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be des-
scrlbed by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
sections, and tn unsurveyod territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a tea of IS which will be refunded tf tin,
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating tho mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If tne
coal mining rights are not boing operated,
anch returns should bo furnished at loast
once a year.
The lease will Include tho coal minln*
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 45
George V. assented to 12th June, 1014.
For full information application should be
made to the Seoretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of this ad-,
vertlsement will not be paid for.—88576.
annual convention ln January. Executive
officers, 1917-18: President, J. Naylor, Box
416, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vancouver: Jas. H. McVety, V. B. Mldgley, Ubor
Temple. Vlotoria: J. Taylor, Box 1815. Vancouver Island: W. Head, Sooth Wellington.
Prince Bupert 1 W. E. Thompson, Box 604.
New Westminster: W. Yatei, 908 London
Btreet. Kootenay District: A. Goodwin. Bos
26, Trail. CrowB Nest Valley: W. B. Phil-
lips, 176 McPherson avenne. Seoretary*'
treasurer: A. S, Wells, Box 1588, Victoria,
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOB OOUNOIL—MeeU first and third Wedneaday,
Labor Hall, 1434 Government street, at 6
p.m. President, E, Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Blverts, 1278 Den-
man street; seoretary, B. Simmons, Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0.
Vlotoria, B, 0. P. 0. address Box 92. Local
unton meets flrat and third Sunday, 10 a.m.
I Place of meeting, Labor Hall, DeCosmoi blk.
Preaident, J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; secretary, J. M. Amer, 1046 McClure atreet; bualneaa agent, S. Cullum, phone 1101B.
of America, local 784,  New  Westminster.
MeeU aeoond Sunday ot eaeh month at 1 '80
p-m.   SecreUry, F. W. Jameson, Box 496-
Oounoil—-Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hail. President, S, D. Macdonald, secretary, J, J.
Anderson, Box 378, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, V. M. W. OF A.—
I MeeU second and foarth'Sunday of eaoh
month, at 8.80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wu. Iven:
recording seeretary, Jas. Bateman; flnanolal
secretary, 8. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
Blacksmiths—Revelstoke—Jaa. M. Gohle, Y.
M. 0. A. Box, Revelstoke, B. 0.
Brewery Workers—Vancouver—M. 0. Austin, 782 7th avenue east, Vancouver, B. C.
Barbers—Victoria—G. W. Wood, 1807 Government Btreet, Victoria,' B. C,
Boiler Makers—Vancouver—A. Fraser, 1151
Howo atreet, Vancouver, B. 0.
Boiler Makers—Victoria, A. Stewart, P. 0.
Box 48. Beaumont, P. 0., B. 0.
Bookbinders—Victoria — E. Sturgeon, 141
Eberts atroet, Vlotoria, B. 0.
Bookbinders—Vancouver—W. H. Cowderay,
1885 84th avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Boot and Shoe Workers—Tom Cory, No. 182
Temploton Drive.
Brewery   Workers—New   Westminster—Jas.
A. Munday, 884 Columbia street eaat, Now
Westminster, B. C.
Boiler llakerB—Revelstoke—A. MoMahon, P.
0. Box 188, Revelstoke, B. 0.
U.   B.   Carpenters—Victoria—W.   Galloway,
Labor Hall, Victoria, B. 0.
A.   S.  U.  B,  Carpenters—Vlotoria—J.  Ley,
P. 0. Box 770, Victoria, B. C.
U. B. Carpenters—Prince Rupert—F. Salter,
P. 0. Box 694, Prinoe Rupert, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—Robt. Jardine, P.
0. Box 1006, Nelson, B. 0. kj
U. B. Carponters—Nelson—G. Fraaer, P. 0.
Box 254, Nelson, B. 0.
U.  B,  Carpenters—Trail—F.  Camsell, Trail,
B. 0.
Cigar  Makers—Vanoouver—T.  H,   McQueen,
72 Water street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Cigar   Makers—Victoria—Gus   Roaby,   1255
Pandora street, Victoria.
Electrical Workers—Vancouver—E, H. Morrison, Labor Tomple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Eloctrical Workers—Prince Rupert—S.  Mas-
sey, P. 0. Box 944, Princo Rupert, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Victoria—W. Reid,  586
Cecilia road, Victoria, B. 0. »
Garment   Workers—Vancouver—Mrs.   Helen
Jardlne, Labor Templo.
Horseshoers — Vancouver — Thoa     McHugh,
2045 Pino street. Vancouver, B. 0.
Horseshoers—Victoria—R.  S.  WilliamB,  623
Pandora street, Victoria, B. 0.
Letter  Carriers—Victoria—0.   Siverts,   1278
Denman streot, Vlotoria, B. 0,
Longshoromon—Victoria—Prank   Varney,   P.
0. Box 1315, Vlotoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos,  Nixon,   10
Powell street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Princo  Rupert—F.   Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 631, Princo Rupert, B. 0.
Moving    Plcturo    Operators—Vancouver—H.
C. Roddan, 2647 McKensle street, Vaneoaver, B. C.
Machinists—Vancouver—J. H, McVety, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Machinists—Revelstoke—D. Bell, P. 0. Box
234, Revelstoke, B, 0.
Machinists—Cranbrook—W. Henderson. P. 0,
Box 827.
Machinists—Victoria—R.   H.   Scholes,   2720
Fifth street.
Moulders—Victoria—F, A. Rudd, P. 0. Box
81, Beaumont P. 0., B. 0.
Moulders—Vancouver—W.    H,    Cooke,    651
Sixth avenuo east, Vancouvor, B. 0.
Painters—Vlotoria—J. Beckett, Labor   Hall,
Paper   Makors—Powell   Rtver-^-J.   E.   Mo
(truth, Powell River, B. 0.
Pattern  Makers—Victoria—Geo. T,   Murray,
1043 Stitley street, Victoria, B. C.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouver—E.   Westmoreland, 1512 Yew Btreet, Vancouver B. 0.
Plumbers—Vancouver—H. Mundell, P. 0. Box
1181, Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Victoria—J,  Fox,  Labor Temple,
Victoria. B. 0.   ,
Bro.    Railway    Carmen—Revelstoke—Harry
Parsons, Revelstoke, B. C.
Bro.  Railway Carmen—Nelson—0.  H.  Phillips, P. 0. Box 908, Nelson, B. 0.
Bro.     Railway     Carmen — Vancouver—H.
Brooks, 1860 Gravoloy street, Vancouver.
Bro.  Railway Carmen—Cranbrook—J. Whit
taker, P. 0. Box 807, Cranbrook, B. 0.
Bro.   Railway   Carmen—North   Bend—-John
MoDonald, North Bend, B. 0.
Sheet   Metal   Workers—Victoria—0.   Kreh-
llng, 1082 Richmond avenne, Victoria, B.O.
Stoam and Operating Engineers—\V. A, Alexander, Room 216, Labor Tomple.
Stoam Engineers—Victoria—J, Aymor, P. 0.
Box 02, Victoria, B. 0.
Stage  Employees—Victoria—L.  D.  Foxgord,
1830 Grant street.
Streot  Railway   Employees—Victoria—R.   A.
C.  Dewar,  1237  Johnson  street,  Vlotoria,
B. 0.
Streot   Railway   Employeos—New   Westminster—W. Yatei, P. 0. Box 1021, Now Westminster, B. C.
Teamsters'   Union—Fornio—E.  Paterson,   Y.
0. Box 881, Pernio, B. 0.
Trades Council—Vancouver—V. R, Mldgley,
Labor Tomple, Vancouver,
Trades Couneil—Victoria—B. Simmons, P. 0.
Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Trades     Council — Now    Westminster — W.
Yates, p, 0. Box 1021, New Westminster,
B. 0.
Tailors—Victoria—E. 0. Christopher, P. 0.
Box 887, Victoria. B. 0.
Tile  Layors—Victoria—T.  King,  P.  0. Box
1212, Victoria, B. 0.
Typographical Union—Prince Rupert—A. 0.
Pranks,  P.  0.  Box   1021. Prinoe  Rupert,
B. 0
Typographical Union—Vernon—W, J. Docke-
ray, t*. 0, Box 641, Vernon, B. 0.
Tradei"    Oounoil — Prince    Rupert — W.    E.
Thompson, P. 0. Box 166, Princo Rupert,
B. 0.
Brothorhood   of   Railway   Trainmen—D,   A.
Munro, 636 Ninth avenue east, Vancouvor,
B. 0.
United Mtne Workers—Thos. Fawkos, P. 0.
Box 889, Cumberland, B. C.
United Mine Workers—H, Beard, Michel, B.
United Mine Workers—Thos. Uphill, Fernle,
B. C.
United Mine Workers—A.  McLellan,  Nanalmo, B. C, Jingle Pot Mine.
United   Mine   workers—J.   H.   Armstrong,
Ladysmlth, B, 0.
United Mine Workers—A, Dean, P. 0. Bo*
768, Nanaimo, B. 0.
United    Mine   Workers — James    Batoman,
South Wellington, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—Brunno Kaarro, Sointula, B. 0.
Western Federation,of Miners—
W. B. Mclsaac, P. 0. Box 606, Ymlr, B. 0.
W. A. Mowlds, P. 0. Box 37, Stewart, B.O.
P. J. Bolman, P. 0. Box 26, Trail, B. 0.
Harry McOrogor, VanAnda, B. 0. .
J, Dnnoghue, Box K, Sandon, B. 0.
F. Lubocher, Silverton, B. 0.
W. Smith, P. 0. Box 294, Phoenix, B. C.
G. 0. Marshall, P, 0, Box 421, Rossland,
B. 0.
Roy Burch, Moyle, B. 0.
J. Taylor, Klmberley, B. 0.
T. R. Wllley. P. 0. Box 875, Hedley, B. 0.
Frank  Phillips, P. 0,  Box   106,  Nelson,
B. 0.
W. Lakewood, P. 0. Box 124, Greenwood,
B. 0.
Full Provision for Dependents Whose Support
Is Killed
Soldiers' Widows Must Not
Be Forced to Seek
AT THE recent conference of Trades
and Labor Congress officials with
Premier Borden and his colleagues, E.
W. A. O'Doll, of the Boot and Shoe
Workers, presented the Oongress resolution favoring legislation granting pensions to widows and their children. He
pointed out that through the system of
medical examination in many of the
large cities, it had been discovered that
the children of poor parents were lacking sufficient nutritious food to properly develop them physically and mentally, and that provision was being made
to adequately caro for such unfortunate
children. He alao cited the fact that
the government had made provision for
the widows and dependents of soldiers,
and that during the absence of the soldiers at the front, separation allowances
were granted to provide the necessities
for the mothers and children left at
home. It waB therefore incumbent upon
the nation to provide for the widows
and their children, so that instead of
the widowed mother being compelled to
go out to work to support her family,
and thus neglect the more fundamental
essentials of domestic guidance and
control, there should be the necessary
economic- security guaranteed to the
widows and their children, which would
make it unnecessary for the mother to
go out to work and impossible for the
children to suffer because of the loss of
the male bread winner. In closing, Mr.
O'Dell said: "I do not think it is necessary to say any more, as the government should see the necessity of nourishing the physically weak.''
Premier Borden promised that when
the question of pensions1 was taken up,
the views of labor on the subject would
be considered.
Entitled to Free Homesteads.
The term "Returned Soldier," as defined by James H. Hill, secretary of the
Returned Soldiers1 commission nt Ottawa, in a communication to Secretary
Macpherson of the Burnaby committee,
includes any one who enlists for active
service and is returned from Great Britain or the front or is discharged prior
to proceeding overseas.—Pacific Canadian.
Ask  for Labor  Temple   'Phona  Exchange,
Seymour   7496   (unless   otherwise   stated).
Electrical Workers (outside)—E. B. Morrison, Room 307.    Sey. 8610.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Rnsaell Kear-
loy, 437 Gore avenue, Offlee phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Association—J. Mahone, 10
Powell street; phono Soy. 035B.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Boom 806.
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 318 Hastings atreet
west.     Soy.   8708.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Soymour 6000. Residence, Fairmont 64111.
Typographical—R. H. Neelanda. Room 206.
Allied Printing Tradea Council—R. H. Neelanda, Box 06.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, 1801 7th avenue west.
Bartenders—W. H. Smith, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cattell, 3306 Fifteenth Ave.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat.
Bpilormakers—A. Fraser,  1161 Howe street.
Brewery Workers—Frank Graham, 2266 12th
avneue west.
Brieklayera—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood  of Carpentera  District  Council
—G. H. Page, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Hollo wuy, 1167 Harwood atreet. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and En-
ginumen~H. G. Savage, 1285 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—M. D.
Jordan, 1060 Granville atreet.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employeos— E. Corado, 280 Clark drive.
ClgunuukerK—R, Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory, Goorgia street.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple,
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Go» avenue.
Eloctrical Workers (outside)— E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Worken—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Horsoshoors—Labor Temple,
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue wost.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 330, Labor Temple.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman,  10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Boom 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 813 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806, Labor
Moving Picture Oporators—A. A. Hansen, P.
0. Box 846.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty Btreet.
Painters—Jas. Wilson, Boom 308, Labor
Plumbers — Boom 306 J4, Labor Temple.
Phone Beymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo, Rush, 2278 Fourteen Ave.
west.    Bayvlew 2215L.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoreland, 1612 Yew street.
Quarry Workers—Jamea Hepburn, eare Columbia Hotel.
Seamen's Union—W. 8, Buna, P. 0. Box
Structural Iron Workers—Room 308, Labor
Sheet Metal Workers—J, W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east,
Streot Railway Employees-—A. T. Lofting,
2561 Trinity Btreet.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, eare Provinoe.
Telegraphers—E. B, Peppln, Box 842,
Tailors—H, Nordland, Box 508.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo, W, Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpers—A. Jamieson, 640
Twenty-third avenne east.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Boi 68.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meeta II eonvention September of
each year. Executive board: Ju, 0. Watten,
preaident; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. 0.*, James Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; secretary-treasurer, P. M: Draper, Drawer 616, Ottawa, Ont.
One of the old-time Vancouver workers in the
' field of organised labor, who recently left
the city to take up his residence at Taeoma.
Organized Labor Presents
Its Case to Dominion
Government Should Take Its
Position As Model
AN APPEAL for the establishment
of an eight-hour day on all government work was recently made to the
Dominion authorities by P. M, Draper,
secretary of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
In presenting the subject, Mr. Draper
said that some years ago a bill came
before the house of commons providing
for an eight-hour day on all government work, and a committeo was appointed to receive evidenoe under oath
bearing upon the subject matter of the
legislation. The report of this committee was included in two volumes, Since
that time tho United States government passed legislation which went in
force January 1, 1915, and provided for
eight hours on all government work,
und recently, the benefits of the legislation was extended to all work done
under contract with the United States
government. "We believe," said Mr.
Draper, "that legislation of this clasB
will be beneficial to all working men
throughout the Dominion. Thc government should be looked upon as a model
employer of lubor, and wc nsk for your
serious consideration to this request.
We hope the minister of lubor will submit a bill to the members of the cabinet, and givo a lend to tho rust of the
employers throughout the Dominion.
While on my feet, I wish to repeat what
is being stated by labor men, and that
is that we should have some lnbor legislation at the coming session of parliament. We believe that since you assumed office. Sir Bobert, you have had
mnny pressing questions to deul with,
but notwithstanding tho necessary wnr
legislation, nnd tho fact thnt wo have
waited for some years without much resulting labor legislation, there should
be something done this session."
Premier Borden said ho could not
say whether legislation in connection
with an eight-hour day could bo taken
up by parliament, but the views presented would be seriously considered.
Alberta Goal Mlnee.
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: .lust a
few lines on conditions in the coal
mines of Alberta. Tho last 10 por cont.
increase in wnges the Kosedecr Coal
compnny gave their minerB, it let tho
men have for ono month. Then it took
off 10 contB on the ton, which means a
reduction of ubout 12 per cont. Of
course, the miner is quito satisfied, as
he used to have to wait on the fire boss
coming around to fire his shot, but now
he haB got the privilege of firing his
own shots, nnd never requires to Bit
down for three minutes to have a
smoko. Tho Western Coal Co. is not so
bad as they have only taken 10 per
cont. off and the men are pretty fairly
dealt with. There is no union in the
W. C. Co. workings. I believe this is
why the men get treated so well, as the
company dcBires by so doing to keep
tho union out. However, the mine officials here are more human than thc
officials in Crows Nest. Here a man
cun speak to a pit boss, superintendent
or general manager and get a reasonable reply, but the officials in tho Crows
Nest Pass don't know how to speak to
a dog.
Watching for the opportunity to do
big things while allowing present problems to solve themselves, is habitual
with those who wear the ninth letter
of tho alphabet to a frame, nnd fall
to provide for the future of those in
the house of sorrow after the undertaker departs.—Mixer and Server.
Trnde unionists and their friends
should always and everywhere demand
the union label on their goods, wherever possible.
Organized Labor Desires Its
Trade Mark Be
Bogus Labels Are Used By
Concerns Employing
MB. F. W. BUSH, of the Garment Workers' union, recently 'Urged the Dominion authorities to pasB the necessary legislation enabling trade, unions to register
their union labels. He sold that a similar request had been made on many occasions, but although the commons had
gassed the legislation, the senate, or its
anking and commerce committee, had
thrown it out. In the United States,
the union labels were being recognized
by a number of state legislatures, and
legislation had been enacted to provide
for their registration. "If the government can recognize the trade unionB,
why can they not recognize the union
labels and permit us to have them registered?" asked Mr. Bush. "In the
case of the London Pant and Overall
company, which ordered shirts manufactured in a non-union factory in Berlin,
and then placed the label of the Garment Workers union upon them, the
union had no redress in the courts. This
London firm compelled their girls to
place the label on these non-union-made
goods. When the union took up the
fight, the firm adopted a bogus label,
using the words United Garment Workers of Canada, instead of the United
Garment Workers of America upon it.
Union Had No Redress.
We could get no redress in the courts,
and the only bourse left open to us was
to boycott the firm's goods and put
them out of business. If onr lubels had
been registered, we would not have
been compelled to take that course. The.
Cigarmakers' union were able to register their label, but through an individual member, and if we cant get a proper registration of our labeiB, we would
like it made possible for an individual
member of an organization to secure
the registration,"
Beplying for the government, Premier
Borden Baid he remembered the law
did pass the house of commons. Possibly, if the government were to introduce it the measure might have greater
saccess in the senate.
Do not forget to vote for a live press
secretary at the next election of your
local union. Dead ones aro of no use to
your local union or the success of The
Federationist. Elect a-Iotter-a-week correspondent and let the other unions
know your local is alive and doing business at the old Btand.
British Columbia.
Cranbrook Trades and Labor Council—Seoretary. F. McKenna, Watt avonue.
Nelson Trados and Labor Council—F, Poaerll,
Box 674.
New Westminster Trades and Labor Council
—W. Yates, Box 1021.
Prince Rupert Trades and Labor Council—
W. E. Thompson, Box 694.
Revelstoke Trades and Labor Council—Fbll
Parker, Box 408,
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Midgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Victoria Trades and Labor Council—K.  Sy-
Calgary  Trades  and  Labor  Council—J.   E.
Young, Box 1404.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor   Council—A.
Farmilo, Box 1493.
Lethbridge   Trades   and   Labor  Couneil—H.
Morris, 226—14th streot north.
Medicine Hat Trades and Labor Council,—
B. W. Bellamy, Box 755.
Mooae Jaw TradeB and Labor Council—R.
H. Chadwick, Box 1317.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—H.
D. Davis, 576—5th St. 8.
Regina  Trades  and  Labor  Council—0.   W.
Walkor, Labor Temple, Csler atreet.
Sankatoon Trades and Labor Council—J. D.
Wallace, 212—Slat St. W.
Transcona Trades and Labor Council—John
Weir, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council—R. A
Rigg, M, P. P., Room 14, Labor Temple.
Brantford Trades and Labor Council—H. J.
HyiiKiiiB, 115 Cayuga St.
Fort William Tradea and Labor Council—8.
P. Spoed, 510 N. Brodie St.
Onelph    Trades    and Labor Council—Thos.
Hall, 80 Kathleen strei't.
Hamilton Trades and Labor Council—W. R.
Rollo,   Box   »23.
Kingston Trades and Labor Council—W, J.
Driscoll, 112 Lower Begot street.
Kitchener   Trades   and   Labor   Council—U.
Strut), Wobcr Apartmonts, Young St.
London Trades and Labor Council—J. Cum-
niings, 7 Adelaide St., Chelsea Green.
Niagara Kails Trades and Labor Council—D,
Wagner, 610 Ferry stroet.
Ottawa Allied Trades and Labor Association
—W.  Lodge,  Box 51.
Port Arthur Trades and Labor Counoll—A.
F.  Manchce,   116  Jean  St.
Peterborough Trades and Labor Couneil—W.
M. Stevens, 806 Brock street.
Sault Ste Marie and Steelton Trades Council—Wm. Gregory, East End P. 0., Sault
Bte. Marie.
South Waterloo Trades Council—A, Crslgen,
24 Bast Street, Gait.
St. Catharines Trados and Labor Council—
F. Cook, 57 Geneva street.
St.  Thomas  Trades  and  Labor  Connell—A.
R. Robertson,  124 Redan Btreet.
Toronto     District     Labor  Council—T.    A.
Stevenson, 24 Hagelwood avenue,
Welland   Trades   and   Labor   Council—W.
Powrle,   Box  23.
Windsor Tradea and Labor Council—Harold
Clarke, 04 Howard avenue.
Montreal  Trades   and    Labor    CouncU—G.
Francq, 2 St. Panl St. East.
Quebec   and   Levis  Trados   Counoll—Joseph
Gauvln, 74 Scott streot, Quebec.
St. Jnan Trades and Labor Council—George
Smith, Box 495.
New Brunswick.
St.  John  Trades  and  Labor  Council—John
Kemp, 820 Main street.
Nova Scotia.
Amherst  Trades  and   Labor  Council—Thos.
Carr, Box 081.
Halifax  Trades  and Labor  Council—Robert
Miller,  57 Almon street.
Plctou County Trades and  Labor Council—
A. M. Do Voursney, Box 1567 Now Glasgow, N. 8.
Sydnoy TradeB and Labor Council—J. A. Me-
In tyre, 80 Lonisa strept.	
at call of president. Labor Tomple, Vaneoaver, B. C. Directors: James Campbell,
president; J, H. MoVety, sflcrctary-twasnrer;
J. Naylor and A. 8. Wells. R. Parm.
Pettipiece, managing director. Room 217,
Labor Tempi*.   Telephone Seymonr 7496.
"The'Beer Without a Peer"
So popular became it'a w good. Oaseade ii brewed of tht
blgbett grade B. 0. hopi, and selected Canadian barley-matt,
and ii aged tor monthi in onr cellan before being offered to
the publie.
When You Buy CASCADE-You
Oet a Boer that hai knowledge and pure material back of it.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Then you are sure you get
Vancouver's High-trade r« A DIIA DTT'C
Home-made Overall— vAKIlAlx 11 ,D
Note New ADDRESS and PHONE of
McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.
Jingle Pot Coal
_ _   #      ^ Phone: Private Exchange
1629 Main St.   Fairmont 2800
Taking No Chances
What would you do in case of a prolonged
interruption to the electric power and light
Don't worry; besides two hydro-electric
plants, four high-tension lines to the city,
and other duplication system, this company
has its
16,000 h.p. Steam Plant
which can be put in operation within 20
Realizing what is at stake, this company
has spared no pains or expense to put its
power and light supply beyond the possibility of a prolonged break-down.
The life and progress of a community requires dependable service, and it is our aim
to supply it.
Carrall and Hastings 1138 Granville Street t»AGE FOUR
—.March 2, 1MT
The merchant who does not advertise at all may
or may not be your friend, Mr. B. C. Worker, but it
is a foregone conclusion'that he who liberally patronizes the columns of all other papers and refuses
to advertise in The Federationist, now the only
Labor paper published west of Winnipeg, is not looking for your patronage; does not wish it and is not
desirous of your patronage.
Oapital $16,000,000        Best 913,600,000
Main Ofllce:  Oorner Hastings and CtranviUe Streets, Vancouver
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Oor. Flrat Avenue and Commercial Drive
EArfT END , Oor, Fender and Main Streeta
FAIR VIEW     Cor. Sixth Avenue and Qranvllle Street
HASTINOS and CAMBIE Cor. HMtlnga and Gamble Streeta
KITSILANO ' Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Stnet
POWELL STREET Cor, Victoria Drive ud Powell Street
BOOTH HILL  Cor. Forty-eighth and Fraser Aves.
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenuo and Esplanade
' We can make immediate delivery on
Slabs, Edgings, Inside Fir
We have acquired ten additional teams for your
J. Hanbury & Co., Ltd.
Fourth and Granville
Bay. 1076-1077
Sey. 7495
can supply all yout Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small..' First-class workmanship, good .ink and high-
grade etock have given our
Printers a reputation, (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Union Men
The B. O. Federationist is your paper, owned' and
controlled by you, and published in your interest.
The merchants who advertise in this paper indicate a
desire for your patronage. Those who do not advertise in these columns apparently care nothing for
you or your patronage, therefore
Your Duty is Plain
Patronize those who patronize you. The merchants
who advertise in this paper are patronizing you. Return tho compliment. In this way you can make The
B. C. Federationist the best advertising medium in
the provinoe.
Demand the
Union Label
Tell them you saw their ad. in The Federationist
Report of Debates on Subject in House of
News About Letter Carriers
Who Enlisted for
indeed, but believes he will proceed to
the convalescent hospital at Esquimalt
for further recuperation.
The Inland Water Transport aervice
has sent another draft overseas in
charge of Sergt.-Major Frank D. Hickman, formerly lieutenant in the Royal
navy, in charge of No. 1 submarine st
Esquimalt. T«s officer is one of many
who have accepted a commission of
lower rank in order to get into active
service immediately. Bro. Hickman
was a member of the local branch of
Letter Carriers and, immediately war
was declared, signed up with thn Royal
navy, in which he had previous experience in Great Britain, remaining there
for fully two yeara, then transferred to
the C8th Battery, subsequently assuming command of tlie Inland Water
Transport aervice. We understand that
he has resigned from post office definitely last January. All his fellow workers wish him the beBt of luck in his new
command. R. "WIGHT.
Detailed reports havl just bucu received covering the recent discussions
in the houae of commons with reference to an increase of pay for letter
Mayor Mederic Martin one of the
members from Montreal, introduced
the subject, speaking us follows:
"I would ask if it would not bo possible for him (the minister of finance)
to put an item in the estimates increasing the salaries of the letter carriers,
not only in Montreal, but all over Canada. He knows very well that the cost
of living haB increased, and that those
letter curriers get a salary of $900 a
year. There is no better claas of employees in the government service. They
work 365 daya in the year, even working on Now Year's Day and on Christ-
mua. I. think that theso men are do-
serving of an increaae becauso the cost
of living today ia so high, being more
than 100 per cent, in different articles
than it was before. The man who is
getting $900 a year today is really not
getting more than $450. If the big sal*
ariea have to be increased, the small
ones ought to bc increased also, and
thoae who are getting $750, $800 and
$900 should receive the consideration
of the minister of finance. I am not
only speaking for the letter carriers of
Montreal, but for all the letter carriers
in Canada. Their wage 'ia a small one,
and it should be increased at-this time.
They have asked the government to do
so, but have received no answer as
8ir Thomaa White replied, stating
that the subject waa in the hnnda of
the postmaster-general, who would give
due attention to the "representations
made by the hon member for Montreal.
Cape Breton Member's Views.
Later in the debate, ex-Judge McKenzie, of Cape Breton, endorsed Mayor
Martin's position, speaking as follows:
"I have no letter carriers in my constituency, but I am pleased to support
the suggestion made by the honorable
member for St. Mary, Montreal (Mr.
Martin) in that connection. There was
a petition circulated on behalf of the
letter carriers a'nd thoy aent their representatives around in various counties. One of them was sent to me from
a branch of the association in the city
of Sydney, and I replied saying that if
the matter came up in the house I would
give" it my sympathetic support. Aa
hus already been pointed out, the pay
of these men was fixed some years ago,
when the cost of living waa nbout half
what it is todny. These men have been
in the business for quite a while, and
it iB hot eo easy for n man to get away
from a position in which he haB established himself. I think that, having
regard to the fact that the cost of living for these men und their families has
thore than doubled, they deserve the
consideration of thc government as to
whether or not some further remuneration ahould be given to them.''
On Feb. 0 tho question of the wages
paid letter carriers was again discussed
in the house, the Civilian report regarding the discussion under the heading,
"Salary Increases—At Loast the Lower
Grades to Be Considered."
The immediate subject 'under discussion was the proposed expenditure for
tho remainder of the current yenr, and
as no special question was beforo the
houae, and as there waa haste because
of nn intended adjournment the following dny, the debate waa hasty and uniforming. Fortunately, however, at ita
very close, a few wordB were snid on
the general question of aalary increnscs,
a matter of -such intense interest to so
many in the service to whom thc high
cost of living has meant sacrifice and
actual hardship. The subject in this
form was brought forward by Hon. Rodoiphe Lemieux, former postmaster*
general, and Hon. Sir Thomas White,
minister of finance, in replying, made a
promise of moro than the usual "favor-
ablo consideration." Tho speeches of
these gentlemen wero reported in Han-
surd us follows:
Tentative Promise of Increase.
Mr. Lemieux: "Mny I ask my honor-
ablo friend, the minister of finance, if
uny decision has beon reached in regard
to tho increase, more or less promised,
but hinted some years ngo, to the civil
servico? I understand that lately tho
govornment received n delegation from
tho Civil Servico, association, which
laid a request bofore the governmont. I
know thnt wo aro passing through hurd
times, and that the expenditures of the
country nre high, but the man who suffers most in these days from tho high
cost of living is really the man who has
nothing to depend upon but his fixed
"Has my honorablo friend considered tho position in which the civil servico is todny? And doea ho intend to do
something about it? Three years ago,
just before the war, he had a tender
spot in bis heart for the civil service.
Perhaps, in hia nnxioty about tho war,
he mny hnvo overlooked the poor civil
servant, I cannot forget that I am the
son of a civil servant myself, and I
know what the anxieties of the poor
civil servants aro. We all expect a
word of hope from tho minister of finance on behalf of this class of employees."
Sir Thomas White: "In tho midst of
n war such as this, and with the bur-
dens that are thrust upon the publie,
tho time Is not very opportune for considering a rovision of the civil service
salary list. But we are all aware that
tho cost of living has gone up during
tho past fow years, especially ainco the
outbreak of the war. It ia altogether
probable thnt when the limine resumes
nfter the recess, we shall deal with the
questions of tho salaries at loaat of the
lower grades of the service. Tho mat*
ter lias been undor consideration."
Local News Item.
Among the. returned soldiers who arrived on Feb. 24, tho name of Bro, A.
Watson is noted. Bro. Watson enlisted
with tho 08th Battery in July, 1016.
According to available information, it
is understood that he looks very well
Organizations Must Wake
Up to Conditions.
and Act
Dominion Authorities Asked
to Closely Investigate
the Subject
Should Control the Plants
And Pay Reasonable
Survey of Present Situation
in Various Parts
of B. C.     v
HAS THE reader considered ju^t
whnt the ratio of one Chinaman to
evory three and one-half white men in
British Columbia means?
Add to this the Japanese, and Hindus,
and the further fact that more white
men are continually enlisting for overseas service, and what will we bo confronted with?
Then under suoh a deplorable state
of affairs, an organization of fruitgrowers want the head tax removed
from the Chinese!
Take the Kolowna fruit district at
preaent. With two-thirds of the mule
population serving with the colore,
thero are between aix and seven hundred Orientals working on the fruit
lauds and farms. These Orientals, working on the half-share plan, derive the
benefit of one-half of the total vegetable revenue from thut Okanagan district.
Those Orientals do not pay one oent
of taxes; not even a poll tax. They do
not contribute to any patriotic fund,
and lower the standard of living in the
In Vancouver and Victoria the Chinese control aome of the best sections
of the eity. They hnvo a monopoly on
hotel jobs and with the Japanese practically control the houso sorvant situation. They have driven the white men
out of the retail vegctuble selling business, and are gradually entering into
every branch of business. With 25 per
cent, of the male population Orientals,
how can we solve the returned soldier
problem? These Chinese have made big
inroads in, tho garment workers, tailors,
domestic situations uud even it is said
that in many cases", th.o very shirtB
worn by our men ut the front aro of
Chinese manufacture.
,   Chinese Laborer Everywhere.
At ono of the largo Frnser Valley
packing plants, whore goods for the
Allies are being turned out on 24-hour
shifts, the large working force is composed principally of Chinamen, while a
largo portion of the raw mnterial is
raised and delivered to this plant by
On the farms, in logging camps, at
the mills, in the hop fields, on the Great
Northorn and C. P. R. railroads, nt the
cannery planta and in fact wherever
one turns, one will find this yellow
hordo in almost absolute possession. At
ono\ mill right in the heart of New
Westminster, on any weekday morning
or noon, one can observe a long line of
Orientals . going to work, ,this lino
stretching almoat from Chinatown to
the mill in'question. Other mills in the
New Westminster district nnd in Vancouver are nearly as bad.
Travel on a Chilliwack car wherover
there is a mill holiday and you will find
the Chinaman, Hindu and Japanese in
far the greater proportion.
It must be said in justice to the Japanese, however, that generally this race
spends considerable money in British
Columbia, also they contribute greatly
to all patriotic funds and their standard
of living is considerably higher thun the
other two classes,
And right here is whore our government, both provincial and piumlcipal,
aro noglecting their duties towspHB tile
whites. Chinese and Hindus are allowed to crowd into ramshackle buildings
with no regulations enforced aB to the
number per room. Snnitnry arrangements aro winked at whero tho white
man is soon called to time in similar
casos. f
Oriontals ln Police Court.
Chinese and Hindus aro not mndo
amennblo to our laws as aro the white
population, and thia gives the yellow
horde a great advantage over the white
"Mo No Sabo/C is taken for a sufficient excuse far to often, but ignorance
of the law does not excuse a white man.
Not only do those Orientnls horde their
money, but according to our court re-
cordB, they cauae the taxpayer considerable extra expense.
Tho last assize at New Westminster
was conducted practically exclusively
for Oriental criminal trials.
By tho wny, whot lias become of that
Whito Canada slognn? Thoso who stay
at homo during this groat; war owe it to
the bravo lade to fight against this Oriontal invasion whilo they are fighting
the attempted Prussian invasion.
Many-people protest at the display of
tho American flag at the looal picture
shows, but strange to say they novor
mako a complaint at the score of Chineso flags flying in Chinatown.
It is safe to say that every important
strike that haa been lost within tho last
ten years has been lost because tho political power of tho Btate wbb in the control of the interests hostile to labor, and
this whether the Btriko was a spontaneous outburst of unorganized workors or
backed by a strong union.—NorthweBt
From a prepared roofing ad: '*Itj
bright-red color is permanent and will
remain permanent."
DURING A RECENT meeting of representatives of labor with the Dominion authorities, J. H. Kennedy, of
the Sheot Metal WorkerB' union, asked
for information with referonce to the
condition under which certain war supplies were being manufactured. He
said that in Toronto there waB the Curtis aeroplane factory, and that tho Hon,
A. E. Kemp, minister of militia nnd defence, had intimated tnat It was owned
by a private corporation doing work
for the British government, and therefore, the government had nothing to do
with the conditions of labor in the factory. Later, the government had appointed a commission to investigate
wages and hours in munition factories.
It had been asked that the Curtis aeroplane factory be investigated. "I, with
othera," said Mr. Kennedy, "appeared
and gave ovidenco under oath. Mr.
Barr, tho secrotary of tho Curtia company, acknowledged that 27 cents an
hour was being paid to highly skilled
workmen. The carpenters started at 25
cents an hour, and the sheet metal
workers at 30 cents an hours,' and if
they made good they would get 32%c
an hour.-
Wages Paid Are Not Reasonable.
These men worked long hours, ten
hours a day, and no consideration for
overtime. They are working under 'unfavorable conditions. It was reported
that the government had taken over the
plant and would establish other plants
to do similar work in Canada. I want
to know if the government has taken
over the plant and decided to establish
other similnr plants, and if they will see
that a fair and reasonable wage iB paid.
It is only reasonable to expect that skilled and unskilled men will get a living
wago. You know that in Toronto 35
cents an hour will not permit a man to
pay his just debts. I havo submitted
facta to you which you have in your
possession, if you will look over tho
evidence in tho report of the royal commission which investigated conditions
in militia factoros."
In reply to Mr. Kennedy, Premier,
Borden said the Imperial government
was going to establish an aeroplano factory, nnd he understood that Mr. Bailoy
of Hamilton was in charge of tho undertaking. The Dominion government hnd
undertaken to render financial 'assistance to the Imperial government in establishing this industry here.
"Then the angel and tho printer
Started toward the glory gate;
But when passing close to hades
Tho angel m'urmured 'Wait—
'Here's a nook I wish to show you;
It's tho hottest place in hell,
Where the dubs who boat the printer
In awful torment dwell.'
The printer saw before him
Old patrons by the score;
An easy chnir and fan he grabbed,
Aud asked for nothing more.
He sat nnd sat und watched them,
Saw them sizzle, scorch and burn;
And his former debtors saw him
Whichever way ho 'd turn.
Said the angel: 'Come up higher,
And the pearly gates we'll aee.'
But the printer only answered—
'This is heaven enough for me.' "
 ret /
Send for ten sub. postal carda, eaeh
good for a year's subscription to The
Federationist—$10. "Your credit is
good." Pay for as sold to fellow employees.
To the Trade
Unionists of Canada
When you get tired hunting for
socinlist news in capltaliat papera,
subscribe for The Milwaukee
Leader, the big socialist daily.
Samples on requeat. Milwaukee,
Wia. \
The Daily Milwaukee Leader and
Tho Pederatlonlet, one rear, $4.50.
A Booklet Which EveryThink-
ing WageWorker
Should Read
\ . 1A1AAAAA1.A '     '■•■
the noted writer on wage workers' problems who has given the last word on
this  snbjecti in  " The Genesis  and
Evolution of Slavery."
Packages of 100 copies or moie
5 cents per copy (carriage paid.)
Single Copies, or ln any number np to 100 copies, 10 cents
each (postpaid).
The merit and real worth
of this publication is shown
by the fact that since it was
issued on 'November 1, orders for thousands of copies
have been received from all
parts of the world and additional orders are coming in
by every mail.*
In a clear cut and concise
style this booklet goes thoroughly into the question of
the economic position of capitalist society and the position of the working classes
in relation to it.
T^he troublesome phases of
the relations between the
capitalist and the worker
are dealt with in a manner
which solves in plain' and
forceful logic many points
on which the worker of today is often "at sea" when ■
meeting arguments.
Many labor organizations are now sending "repeat" or-
. ders for quantities of this booklet, their flrst orders having been
readily disposed of by sale or distribution.     These advices
stnte that the booklet is eagerly sought and read with keen
interest by their members.
♦♦' f ♦> i-oft ■)«■) ».♦>;♦>♦ tv ♦♦♦ ♦>■»
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Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and lit October by
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— Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering
at par and accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash, it payment of any allotment made under any future mr loan issue in
Canada other than au issue of Treasury Bills or other like short
date security.     '
Proceeds of this stock an for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarto* of one p« eent will be allowad
to recognised bond and stock brokers on allotments made ia
respect of applications far this stock which bear their itamp,
For application forms apply to thi Deputy llinistar ol
Finance, Ottawa.     •
OCTOBER Ilk, 1918. FBIDAT...
...March 2, 1917
Spencer's Is Headquarters
Stanfield's Underwear
wool; sizes 34 to 44,   Price, a garment......: . $1.26
STANFIELD'S "BED LABEL "—Heavy cream wool underwear; sizes
34 to 44.  A,garment   11.76
STANHELD'S "BLUE I ABEL"—Honvy cream wool, ribbed; sizes 34
to 44.   A garment '. »2.00
wool, in three weights at, garment... 81.25, $2.60 and $2.00
garment at * $2.26
COMBINATIONS—In nil the nbove linos aro available at twice the prico
of single garments.
NOTE—All Stanfield's garments aro guaranteed unshrinkable.
ASK FOR  .   *   "Tl.     CIGARS
—— LABEL ——
Majestic size 2 for 25c
Concha size 3 for 25c
Chesterfield size 2 for 25c
Club House size 3 for 25c
A 5-oent cigar that is guaranteed ruZlz-~::. z~i
to give satisfaction
These cigofs arc strictly union-made, by McLeod, Nolan &
Co., of London, Ontario.
Only the highest grade of tobacco obtainable is used in them,
and the cigars are made by the best cigarmakers, and under
the strictest sanitary conditions.
The prico and quality is always the same.
Sales Manager for British
Columbia and the Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vancouver
Phone Fairmont 826
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
If lt Is not call up the
Hygienic Dairy
or drop a card to our office, 905 Twonty-fourth Avonuo EnBt.
Pure Milk T" Union Labor
The milk supplied by thiB
dairy ia pure in evory sense of
the word.
All the bottles and utensils
used by this dairy are thoroughly
Our milk aupply comes from
the FraBOr Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers ell
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the flnost Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
"Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited'
On sale at all Liquor Stores ln
South Wellington Men Resent Sudden Change
of Pay-day
Organization Work Steadily
Showing Excellent
believes it himself. Theae old timo
politicians make the men tired. They
haven't the nerve to oome out in the
open, but adopt the tactics of the snake
and creep and crawl. They are now
depending on the women and hope to
use them aB tools far their dirty work.
If the women lend themselves as willing tools (jvhich I don't think they
will) the men will have to consider
them as easily fooled as the men.
Jim Hawthornthwaite hus addressed
meetings throughout the district on two
occasions and the opposition have not
yet Bhowed themselves, in fact, it is not
known who they are yet. However,
this constituency has consistently put
in a member of the working class and it
is not thought the electors will so far
fall from grace as to put in a tool of
the parasites at the coming election,
come when it may.
20—(Special Correspondence to The
Federationist)—Let me tell of some of
the happenings of recent date in this
'' hotbed of socialism'' as our
"genial" general manager is pleased
to term thia littlo burg.
The men had a strike on their hands
a short time ago, from which they
emerged with a cortain meaaure of success, gaining increases of wages and
demonstrating very forcibly that the
men, to a certain degree, are united.
They have, for a considerable time,
been smarting under' the stings of their
drubbing of a few years ago, but it is
pleasing to Bee that they are now beginning to ahow signs of awakening.
Some time ago, the management submitted an agreement to the men, which
they were asked to sign for a term
three years. ' This agreement, apart
from the wnge Bcale, contained nc
guarantee of fair conditions. Consequently, tho mon accepted the wage
scale, but refused to sign the agreement. They could not agree to tie their
hands for the nest three years, as thore
is every hope of gaining recognition of
the union in the near future.
Sinco the refusal to sign the "scrap
of paper" presented by the president of the company, the official haa
beon showing his meanness. First, ho
raised tho price of household coal to the
mon, until thoy aro paying $1 per ton
more for coal than employees of other
companies nro paying. He is also making himself generally offensivo, until
the mention of his name has the same
effect as waving a red rag in front of a
mad bull.
..      Trouble in Getting Pay.
On Saturday, Fob. 10, the men had
congregated at tho office waiting for
thoir pay, somo of thom having come
five miles in the quest of the root of all
ovil. Suddenly notice was given that
payday was postponed until tho following weok. Needless to say thoro was a
near riot and the men refused to go to
work until they had hold a meeting,
which was called for Sunday. They
then decided to inform our beneficent
law-manufacturers that tho money was
to be guaranteed by Tuesday or work
would cease. A reply was received on
Monday night, asking tho men to go to
work and tako a chance on tho money
boing forthcoming. But thero was
"nothing doing," as the men quit right
thoro and decided to stay quit until the
"ghost walked."
Tho men wero given tho impression
from nn official source that tho money
was ready and all that was needed was
instructions from tho head offico to
puy. A committeo interviewed the
president of the company on Fob. 13,
and he referred thom to the bank. Tho
committee interviewed tho bank man-
nger and lie refused to givo them any
assurance that tho money was safe. On
tho following day tho local mine malinger took the committee to tho bank
and the bank manager then gave a
written guarantee that tho money
would be paid on Feb. 17, saying it was
impossible to mako the pny up beforo
that date, nnd this in face of the fact
nf tho men being told a fow days before that the money was ready to be
paid over. Tho real fact of the matter is that tho president of tho company, who admits that he can be pigheaded, was determined to make tho
men wait till Feb. 17 for thoir pay, and
the men wero equally determined to
withhould their lubor-powcr until after
that date.
Wo must, howover, bo thankful to
the gentleman in question, ns he has
succeeded remarkably woll in putting
our organization on n pretty fair basis.
Tho men are nearly 75 per cont. organized now. So " it's a long lane that has
no spirit liconso." The men are
threatening to quit work now if the
house coal isn't brought back to its
usual prico.
Appeal for Patriotic Fund.
Two of tlio company officials attended the local union meeting last Sunday
to plood for the patriotic fund, and during tho business of tho local, the following resolution was passed: "Resolved
that wo, the members of Local 872, are
willing to donato ono por cent, of our
earnings to the pntriotic fund, but any
man who can show eauso why he cnn*
not pny, shall bo absolved from paying
without fear of discrimination."
Tho meu felt that while the maintenance of tho innocent suffers from
tho wnr may not bo our business, seeing
thnt the war profiteers would not take
tho burden upon their shoulders, they
could not let tho women and children
starve But thoy aro still of the opinion that the people who are reaping tho
benefits from tho wnr should tnko care
of those that aro bearing thc brunt.
Our locnl forwarded two resolutions
to thc premier, ono protesting against
the re-imposition of tho poll tax, and
tho other demanding the staging of the
by-election forthwith. The usual stero-
typed reply nbout earnest conBidcrn-
tion, etc., waa received. The men wonder if the brniny lawmakers would die
if they nctod now and again, instead of
considering so much.
Tho mino workors at Ladysmith nro
busy enrolling undor tho banner of tho
U. M. W. of A. and there is every hope
of a strong organization thero in the
hear future.
At present there is littlo or no organization in Nanaimo and the mon thoro
have boen railroaded into signing a
three year ngroomont, for which they
havo only themselves to blame.
By-election Sentiment.
The men nro doing thoir best to elect
Jas. H. Hawthornthwnito to tho hall of
in(famo)y at Victoria. Tho old parties,
more particularly tho Liberals, are hesitating ut nothing thnt will tend to
bring about his defeat, but they've got
to go some. One exceedingly bright
specimen, who is boosting for a Liberal
association, ia going around tolling
peoplo that if they put a Liberal in he
will give thom good roads, drain their
swamps and put in a water system. Tho
pity of it ia that the unfortunate man
Imposition on Workmen,
Editor B. C. Federationist: I should
like to bring to your notice the fact
that the Belmont-Canndian Mines, Ltd.,
of Surf Inlet, laid off on Feb. 21 eight
men or moro, who only arrived at Swf
Inlet on Feb. 2. For faro alono, the
round trip .costs $10.20, sand it takes
something like three days each way to
got thore. As it is absolutely necessary
to buy a complete rain suit, the initial
expenses of the men were $30 each at
least. You can understand tho amount
of their pay cheque becajso of thoir
having such a short Btay at work.
Should you think this information will
have any interest for your readers, I
shalbbe glad if you publish same. Tours
Grand Hotel, Vancouver, Feb. 26,
P. S.—I may also say that those who
had not made their faro to Vancouver,
were recommended to work their way
thero by the superintendent.
Tho editor of the Mesaba Ore, a
newspaper published at Hibbing, Mont.,
Bays, "that during tl»e paBt twenty
years p in every instance when the
miners have gone on strike it was because of the .unjust conditions imposed
upon thom by the mining companies."
This tends to clear away the suspicion
that strikes usually occur because of
the innate cussedness of the working
animals and their confirmed stupidity
in imagining themselves the victims of
hard conditions that do not, in reality,
exist.   Thanks for the information.
Vancouver park commissioners are to
be commended for their attitude in the
matter of maintaining the principle of
public ownership. If there is to be a
public all-tho-year-round swimming bath
established, it should be installed and
maintained by the park commissioners.
And in this connection, ex-Chairman
Owen, now a city alderman for ward
Ave, can be depended upon to help in
every way possible. Tho park board
has dono much during the past fow
years to justify the advocacy of collective ownership and operation of things
used socially.
If we grant a corporation the legal
right to own our jobs then, if we were
to be consistent, we would grant them
the right to do as they like with their
own property. But we do not. We take
the position that inasmuch as industry, is mnde possible only by
thc working class, that class should
hnvo some say in how those industries
or businesses should be conducted—an
absurd presumption, say some employers. The workers should go further;
they should deny tho right of any man
or set of men to own any of the natural
resources of tho earth which aro collectively used ond needed by society. The
title deeds to'all proporty interests aro
written by virtue of legislative action,
and the power that liea behind it. But
if the workers are to write the laws of
this or ony othor country, they must
first elect their own representatives,
men and women who understand the
fundamentals of the Labor movement.
After all, tho workers should be the
last to complain because big corporations and enptain of finance tako advantage of war-time conditions to make
huge profits, oven if it savors of ensh-
ing in on the flesh and blood of our
own people. Tho workers havo hud
many opportunities of electing their
own representatives to the houses of
legislation, and failed to take advantage of them. Capitalists only do what
any one else probably would do under
similar circumstances. They nre only
creatures of their property interests,
and "businoss" demands no scruples.
The competitive system spells ruin to
nny business man or corporation who
dares permit humanitarian motives to
govern his or its action. Less fault
should bo found with the players, lt
is tho game itself which should be objected to and abolished on election day,
by placing workers' representatives on
the job in the house of legislnion. The
trade unionists of Australia aro away
to a good start and even under adverse
condition^ thoy are giving tho rest of
tho British empire an example worthy
of emulation. There can be no sensible
objection to trusts. Thoy lesson waste
and henco tho eost of production. They
aro tho logical evolution of industry.
But they should bo owned us they are
uBod—collectively. Then National Service would mean something to the
workors. Thoy would own somo of the
country thoy are fighting for. Nothing
loss than tho fulfilment of this programme will do. Anything short of
such a policy is mere social quackery.
Trades and Labor Council.
February 26, 1892
Hugh Orr (molders) Beated as delegate.
Geo. Pollay, socretary Single Tax
club, askod the council to co-operate
with them iu petitioning tho city oouncll to reduce tnxea on improvements,
Agreod to.
G. D, Grant, secretnry Victoria
Trades and Labor council, wrote asking
tho council to join thom in petitioning
the local legislature to address a memorial to the fedoral govornment to
raise the import tnx on Chinese. The
Vancouvor Trades and Labor council
wanted further informntion, as tho
legislature in 1891 memoralized tho federal government to that effect.
Harry Brooks reported for parliamentary committeo ro surplus labor in all
avocations, and the beBt way of checking samo.
A Milwaukee paper informs us that
"John Huckbody of Wausau lost thirty
chickens by freezing to death."
Entertaining Description of
Travelling Experiences
Efforts of The Federationist
Are Appreciated in
the District
An interesting and entortaining letter from Mr. Georgo F. Stirling, the
"circulation booster" for The Federationist, waB received at, tho office this
week. Mr. Stirling is at prosent in
the upper country, from which point he
is daily sending in lists of new Subscribers at such a rate as to clearly
show that the paper is judged to be
filling its field as a labor publication
in a creditable manner.
After noting the large number of
subscriptions received at Rossland,
Trail and Kimberley, Mr. Stirling's letter continues na followa:
"It is very gratifying to Bee the way
in which the efforts of The Federationist are being appreciated, and I have
no doubt that unionists throughout the
country will continue the good work in
helping to make the publication the
best labor paper on the continent.
"Up Again and Down Again."
"The journey to Kimberley. ia one
which I shall not easily forget. The
distance from Cranbrook is 10 miles,
and modern science haB so developed
the efficiency of transportation that
the C. P. R. train is Bcheduled to do
the trip up the hill at the almost incredible speed of nearly 10 miles per
hour (!) taking one hour and 60 minutes from port to port. The journey
down tho hill ia completed in two houra
and 40 minutes. To those who aro not
acquainted with this section of the
1 gopher hole' country it will need some
explanation as to why the journey
down hill'takes longer than the journey
up the hill. The reason is that the
uphill grade coming down hill is so
steep in places thnt the engine; puffing,
snorting and sweating, can only manage
to drag about five cars at a time, having to return twice and sometimes three
times beforo tho whole train can be
hauled up tho Bteep grade from Wy-
cliffo down tho hill to Cranbrook-.
This, together with the shunting nnd
switching of freight cars in the ynrd
at Wycliffe, helpB to lend considerable
interest to what would otherwise bo a
very monotonous ride for passengers.
No Guarantee for Travel.
"It must not be imagined, however,
that the C. P. R. makes any guarantee
of completing the journey down the
hill in the scheduled time of two hours
and 40 minutes. This, I believe, is
their best record but very frequently
tho journey takos much ncurer five
"The train is due to leave Kimberley on Ub wild career down tho hill nt
8.40, but at presont it rurely pulls out
beforo 12.30, so that intending passengers have to rise in good time and are
kept on the quo vivo for throe or four
hours wondering if they will miss it.
To add to thc troubles, the water tank
is frozen and the capacious boiler of the
engine, holding about 5000 gallons, has
to be filled from tho crook. The malicious statement that this operation is
performed by means of an ordinary
bucket is a baseless insinuation, as I
became weary of waiting ant} strolled
up the line to see what they wero doing.
I found them sipping the water by
means of a syphon, which reminded mo
for all the world of an elephant taking
a drink through a straw at a soda
"As there is no Pullman car or diner
on that route, intending passengers
would be woll advised to take a pillow
or two, and refreshments for at least
two meals, and not to make any arrangements about meeting anybody or
catching any trains until thoy are
finally in Cranbrook.
Passengers Desert Train.
"Some of the passengers took to the
boats at Wycliffe. I moan they toft
tho train and 'phoned to Cranbrook to
send up an auto, as they pretended to
have urgent business somewhero. The
representative of Thc Federationist,
Thi we ver, decided to stay by the train
as long as thoro was ono woman or
child needing succor. Anyhow, that
wns ono reason, another being that he
eould not afford to pay his fare on tho
train and then 'phone fur an auto to
complcto tho journey. But, the first
renson was tho most powerful ono in
preventing mo from leaving tho train a
derelict on tho wild wastes of the Kimberley slopes.
"While at the Sullivan mine I hnd
the pleasure of dining at the expense
of the company and I eaa fully sympathise with tho resolution of Delegate
T. Roberts at the Rovelstoke convention regarding the unsanitary and
dnngerous condition of the onamolwuro
in uso at that time. Although most of
tho ennmel is worn off tho bottom of
tho teacups they still hold liquid, and
thc company will no doubt consider
thnt they are still useful until there is
au nclual leak in the bottom. I would
suggest that a deputation of tho Kimberley boys take a sample of tho en-
amelware to the manager. If it is
tastefully arranged on green or red
plush it will no doubt appeal to tbnt
gentleman and something might bc
quickly dono to remedy thc trouble."
Advocates War Representative.
This war referendum idea is boing
strongly supported by tho Public, of
New York. In an editorial in tho current issue it says: Why, under a democratic form of govornment, should the
men who will do nono of the fighting
have tho solo say us to whether or not
there shall be war; while those who do
all the fighting have nothing to any
about starting or stopping itf Lessor
affairs, and mntters that can be corrected, may be loft to thc decision of representatives; but a question of lifo
and death for millions of people should
be decided by the people. Not only is
it poetic justice that those who do tho
fighting should decide whether or not
there is to bo a fight, but tho delay incident to such a decision would of itself
make for pcaco. Lot us by all means
insist upon a war referendum.
Sign in bakery window: "Homo-made
page five;
With all Sizes, We
Continue the
Offering $1.25 to $1.50 values for 79c
IT'S one of those once-a-year opportunities that always receives a
grand reception. We look for this
small lot of 2000 shirts to be cleared up before Friday night, for the
values are wonderful—the best
we've offered in many months. Up
to the minute styles, carefilly cut
and made of suoh good washing
materials aB cambrics, percales
and zephyrs. Shirts you can depend upon to give service and satisfaction. All sizi's. Buy enough
of them to last you through the
season to come. Every one you
buy means 50c saved. Actual values to $1.50.   Special 79o
tM«M»*«rii   iota      ataatax t aMtimaaa, alamo aaH*,*ptat*.
Granville and Georgia Streets
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands. The finest mixed
farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing, The settlers who have gone
in there are all boosters, aB they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Welton Block, Vancouver
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
Seymour 2988
Uptown Offlce:
Beymour 226
—and the Human Machine
NO ONE cnn gainsay the truth of the statemont that teeth
are as essential to the health of the body os any other
part of the body. Tbis being true, it is most essential that
the teeth receive our best euro and attention. If your teeth
have worn nway, havo them replaced at onco. Crown and
Bridge work has been brought to a high pitch of development
in ray practice.
Vet tooth .'.	
TeL Seymour 3331
Examinations are free.
Offices open
Tuesday and
Friday Ev'gs.
7 to 9.
Cloned Saturday p. m.
Dr. Brett Anderson   mo*.™ m.
Grown and Bridge Specialist
Oor. Seymour.
less    methodi
art   nied   in
my practice.
Tou -will not
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for onc year's subscription to The B.
G. Fedoral ion ist, will bo mailed to any address in Canada for $10. (Quod anywhere
outtiido of Vancouver city.) Order tea today.    Remit when Hold.
To the Secretaries of all
B.C. Labor Organizations:
Send your orders for
printing directed by
your organization to
The Federationist
Your organization is constantly requiring printing dono in
the form of Ictterhonds, bylaws, circulars, leaflets, etc.
When work of this class is demanded, lot Tho Federationist
offico know your needs und prompt attention will be given
your demands, whether tho order be largo or small.
Naturally, Tho Fedorationist benefits by your placing the
order with us. Everything we make, however, goes back
into The Federationist funds and thus helps us to raise the
standard of the paper.
Address aU ordors or communications re printing to
Boom 217, Labor Temple VANCOUVEB, B. C. PAGE SIX
S    19
Pure Foods
Baking is a pleasure
when NABOB Baking
Powder is used, because
it is a pure, healthy baking powder, always certain, safe and sure.
When you use baking
powder, you must use
the best, else the results
pf your baking may not
justify your work.
NABOB Baking Powder contains no dangerous adultrants.
Your Grocer Sells It
Vancouver, B. 0.
Means—getting the most for
your money.
The boot that gives the beBt
service—the most comfort—and
looks the best—is the moat economical.
are solid leather throughout.
For every cent you put into
LECKIE'S, you get good value
in wear, style and comfort.
A New
The Actino-Optical Insti-
tute, Ltd., hna arranged a
most convenient syBtem of extended payments, nnd it is
now possible for all to take
advantage of theis- unexcelled
facilities by paying a little at
a time.
Abnormal   eyes   frequently
fause functional disturbances
hat can be remedied at once
by means of lenses (glasses).
8th Floor Birks Building
Beymour 45C5
IF it's a STEAK or a CHOP
-a FISH or a SALAD-
the place to get it is at the
Leading Union
First Class Cafe
Directly Opposite the
Orpheum Theatre, Granville Street
Rays Trial-Aquitted
There never was a time
when Ray was convicted of selling meat
wholesale; pass your
own decision by paying
a visit.
500 lbs. Shoulder Pork Roast,
per lb
500 lbs.
600 lbs.
500 lbs.
500 lbs.
500 lbs.
500 lbs.
500 lbs.
500 lbs.
500 lbs.
500 lbs.
Loin Pork Boast, lb 26c
Legs Pork Boast, lb. 25c
Veal, per lb  20c
Fowls, por.Jb  25o
Corned Beef, por lb. 10c
Bibs Boiling Beef lb 10c
Dripping, per lb 12V2C
Sirloin Eonst, per lb 20c
Bound Stoak, per lb 20c
Sirloin Steak, per lb. 20c
Ray's Market, just one
door west of Rex Theatre.  No delivery.
1000 Tons of
On hand for
Sales Depot—Sey. 1003
Branch—Bay. 2827
fhonc sev. 31S
THIS WEMl OMNViut st.     8.20
Matinee Prices: Evenings
10c, 15c, 26c, 50c.      10c, 26c, 35c. 75c.
"We Want Your Electrical Work"
The Jarvis Electric Co.
Hemstitching Picot Edging
Buttons Covered Pleating
Scalloping ■•" Baching
Button Holes Embroidery
Pinking Hemming
Sponging and Shrinking Lettering
663 Granville St.       1319 Douglas St.
Phone Sey. 3191      '   Phone 1160
Vancouver Typos. Request Proper Be
cognition of Union Labor.
A well-attended meeting of Vnncouver Typographical union waa held laat
Sunday. Aa the agenda waa a short
one, the meeting occupied less than an
hour, which permitted thoae attending
to nlso enjoy a bright afternoon out of
Both the Allied Printing Trades council nnd the Typographical union are putting forth their best efforts to persuade
the Vancouver city council to have the
printing required for the year 1917 produced under union conditions and bear
the union label. The matter waB brought
to tho attention of the city fathers nt
Monday night's meeting, when the
question waa referred to the finance
committeo nnd will be considered at its
meoting next Wednesday, at tho same
time as the tenders for printing.
Request Is of Same Character as Demands Made by Organized
A doputation from the provincial na*
aociation of civil engineers waited on
the provincial authorities during the
wook and askod that the government
adopt tho policy of refusing to employ
alien engineers on governmont work.
Premier Brewster replied thnt fall consideration would bo given the request
nnd gnvo such intimations to tho deputation as caused it to leave the conference perfectly sntisfiei with tho outlook,
Tbe holding of tho conference ia mentioned as the claims made by the civil
engineers uro the same as those which,
nro mndo .by organized labor—that
British Columbia should be protected
ngninst tlio importation of aliens, either
from tho Oriont or elsewhere.*
Justice of Claim Vigorously
Presented to Premier
Subject Must Be Considered
When War Settlement
Is Considered
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, recently presented the subject of
civil, political and religious rights being accorded to the Jewish people iu
the variouB belligerent nations now engaged in the great war, nnd thnt c
guarantee of these rights on tho same
basis as native born populations bo
made a part of the terms of the settlement renched at the close of the war.
Ho pointed out thnt this subject had
not only been taken up by the Trndes
and Labor Congress of Canada, but had
also been taken up by the British
Tradea Union Congreaa, snowing tnut
there was a strong desiro amongst tho
British people that the British Empire
should always be regarded as the champion of those civil, religious and political riteB which had been denied the
Jewish peoplo in other nations. He
said that while in England .recently, he
had been informed thnt an effort waa
being made to weakon the protection
offered by the mother country to Jewish refugees from Russia, who had
found England a safo place for them
when pursued by the'despotic rulers of
that country. Advantugo was being
tnkon of the fact that at the present
time, Russia nnd England were Allies
in the present war, and every means
possible was being used to forco the
hands of the British authorities to surrender those refugees who wore now
protected in the United Kingdom.
Urge Action at London.
Continuing, Mr. Simpson snid: "It is
the feeling of the Trndea nnd Labor
Congress that it would be a dark day
for tho British Empiro if the Jewish
refugees eould not look to the mother
country and her colonies for protection
when pursued by the despotic rulers of
Russia. Wo 'anderstnnd, Sir Robert,
that you will represent Canada at the
approaching imperial conference, where
the terms of settlement of the present
war will be considered, and we urge
ijymi to request thnt it be made a condition thnt tho civil, religious nnd political rites of the Jewish people be recognized by the belligerent nations."
Premier Borden promised Mr. Simpson that he would do all within hia
power in tho interests of tho politicnl,
civil and religious rites of the Jewish
people, but emphasized certain difficulties which had to be rcgnrded as confidential at this time.
Staff WiU Merely Give Information
As to Presentation of Claims.
Mnjor E. L. Buchanan, an inspector
of the Dominion Pensions board, arrived on the const during the week and,
during his stay, will arrango for opening a branch pension office in the
provinco, Ottawa despatches previously stating that this will be located in
Tho provincial office will havo nothing to do with the decision as to the
disabilities of the.men, but is established solely for tho purposo of giving informntion und assistance to returned
soldiers or the dependents of men killed at the front ns to the manner in
which their claims for pensions should
be submitted to the hend office nt
On a coupon: "Tho holder of this
coupon whou properly punched is on-
titlod to one of our beautiful photo-,
Please remember Hint no letter
acknowledgment ot subscriptions or renewals nro made.
The address label on your
paper carrieB the date to which
your subscription is paid. If,
aftor forwarding monios to thin
office, the corroct change in
your label date is not mado,
notify us ftt onco. When you
linve n kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
sond It to this office—not to
thn othor fellow. Thus you
will get matters adjustod, and
wo'll all he happy.
B.C. Federationist
b. parm: pettipiece,
Labor Temple,
Vancouvor, B, tJ.
Oovernment Fish Shops Have Served
Millions of Customers with Fish.
A report just issued by tho Now
South Wales governmont shows that
during the year of 191C, no less than
3,215,000 lbs. of fish have beon sold to
the public nt i prices far below that
charged by tho private fish sellers of the
state. In addition to thc continuous
selling of fish in the two lnrgcst cities
of New South Wales—that is, Sydney
and Newcastle—special sales have been
held in country towns, and thousands
of country people have been enabled to
sample deep soa fish at a cheap price.
In the city of Sydney, there are many
retnil shops selling the atnto fish, all
owned and conducted by the government, while.-many of them sell to ovor
1000 customers daily. Three trawlers
are hard at work, while Btx other trawlers are neuring completion, so' that the
work will be considerably enlarged in
the near futuro. It Ib safe to say that
tho state trawling industry has como to
Plan Vigorous Organization Campaign
in Non-union Coal Fields.
Tho report on the bnllot for officers
of the United Mine Workers returns J.
P. White of Dos Moines As president;
F. J. Hayes of Indianapolis as vice-
president, and W. Green of Coshocton,
O., ns secretary-treasurer. These officers with J.-H. Walker, D. McDonald, John Mitchell, F. Fnrrington and
J. Moore will bo tho delegates to the
American Fedoration.
The executive board has decided to
inaugurate a vigorous organization
campaign in non-union coal fields and
has appointed a permanent organization committeo. In its. first announcement this committee makes tho following statoment: "We have learned by
bitter experience that to break the bar*
ricra of organized opposition nnd establish the principlo of collective bargaining in regions whore heretofore the
law of tho coal company nlone has
reigned supreme, is no light taak, and
wo muat havo tho support of evory
loyal member of our union in order that
the full measuro of success may be attained in the forthcoming campaign."
Card in restaurant: "Smnll steak, 20
New Pleated
Serge Dresses
THE new models just in
accentuate popular-
fashions and provide
ample scope for individual selection. Many of the
- models are effectively
trimmed, some with silk
military braid and others
with hand-embroid ,ry.
Colors 'include African
brown, green, navy and
blacj^ and the sizes range
from 16 to 42. View the
new models on the second
floor. They are priced
from $13.50 to $35.00.
Smart Silk
In Newest Effects
THE display at this time
is replete with the
most'attractive and practical models, embracing
both the belted and sash
trimmed styles. Some
have the new shirred back
and the gathered pockets
and are shown with deep
collars. There is a great
variety of shades and all
sizes from 16 to 44 are represented. The prices $10
to $35.    r
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granotile 'Phone Sey. 3540
(Continued from page 1)
cents.   Extra small steak, 25 cents,
Advertisement   in   poultry   journal:
Plymouth   Bock  hens  rendy  to  Iny
$1.25 eaeh."
action would bo tnken which would
truly represent the wish of tho locals.
He, therefore, moved laying over the
question until the next meeting.
Del. Hnigh seconded this umendnient.
Personally, he expressed his views as
being strongly in fav«r of Lnbor being
represented in tbo legislature at this
time, when, so many questions of great
interest to the workers were bound to
come up in tho near future
In reply to statements that Del. Benson wns opposing the plan because there
had recently been a change of government at Victoria, he stated that even
though the Liberals were in power, he
would favor tho plan if the'financial
problem could be satisfactorily settled,
On the vote on Del, Kolly's nmend-
mont, the council almost unnnimously
voted "Aye,"   und   the   political pot
ceased to boil for the time being.
Enquiry Be Firemen's Union.
The receipt of a telegram from R. A.
Bigg of the Winnipeg Trades and Labor
council, with reference to city firemen's
'anions, wns reported. This stated that
the Winnipeg aldermen wero opposing
the firemen's union of that city, and
stating that the Vancouver, authorities
were compelling tho local firemen to disband their union. To this wire a letter
of reply had beon sent ndvising thnt
the report was not true, nnd outlining
the organization work of the Vancouver
firemen, which lod up to thoir present
strong union. Mention waB added as to
tho good work which was being done by
the men, united by tho union, in connection iwth the movement for the two-
platoon system.
T. Connor, of Vernon, wrote stnting
that in view of tho recent notion of tho
Gruit Growers association re Chinese immigration, it would be a good move to
organize a farm laborers' union in the
Okanagan valley. He said tho fruit
growers' resolution did not express the
real sentiment of the agriculturists, as
there was distinct opposition to Chinese
labor in mnny parts of tho Okanagan.
Ho promised to assist in any organizn-
tion work which might bo undertaken.
Tho letter was referred to the B. C.
Fedoration as moro properly ..coming
within its field of work.        J '
A communicntion from the Trail
Trndes and Labor council requested assistance in connection with the organization of the cooks nnd waitresses of
that city. It wns stated that a local
with 25 members could now be organized, and nssistanco such as could be
given by an organizer or business ngent
for the 'union wns desired in order to
completo the organization. Secretary
Midgley stated thnt the contents of the
letter hnaVbcon referred to Del, Graham
and attention wns being given-to the
Compensation Board's Office.
A letter was received from E. S. H.
Winn, chairman of the Workmen's Compensation commission, replying to tho
council's suggestion that the offices of
tho board be located in Vancouver.
Without giving nny reason for the action or meeting the arguments in favor
of Vnncouver being tho headquartera
for tho bonrd, Mr. Winn Btated that for
the prosent year at least, the head office
would bo located in Victoria.
F. D. Grimble of tho Prineo Bupert
Fish Packers' union, naked advico as to
notion when an employee of the Canadian Fish Co., who had been paying doctors' duos of #1 per month, was refusod
the payment of the expenses of an operation which ho desired to bo performed by his family phyBician. A reply
letter was sent asking for details ub to
tho work supposed to be covered by the
payment of duos for medical attendance.
W. Grimmell, president of the Iron
Workers,' unfon at Bedcliff, stated that
a strike was now in force in the plants
of the Cnnnda Western Steel Co. at
Bedcliff and Medicine Hat- Immediately upon the organization of the local by
the men, four employees had been discharged. Ab Manager Croan could give
no reason for tho notion, the men had
quit work and dcclnred a strike. The
council asked The Federationist and the
daily press to make mention of the
Tho circular letter of the Federation
re the Labor press, and the special offer
of The Federationist should the membership subscribe in a body, was filed,
as the offer does not cover Vancouver,
because of the poBtal rates.
Efforts to Import Aliens.
President McVety reported that conferences had been held with the immigration authorities on requests for
bringing in alien labor, the results boing Bntisfacto'ry. Lathors wero requested for the Pantnges' theatre work, but
it was shown thnt there was plenty of
lnbor of this cjass in the city. The
Ocean Falls Co. had tried to bring in
more carpenters, but tho attempt was
frustrated, it being suggested that if
the company would send a labor official
to tho plant, suggestions would be mndo
as to the accommodation of the men
working there in such a manner as
would lead them to stay rather than
drift all over tho province and ontor
into competition with local men, A
supply of bricklayers were asked for
work at Swanson Bny, but it was easy
to show thnt this demand could bo met
here. After investigation, no objection
wns made to some purse seiners coming
in from Seattle, as thiB class of work in
British Columbia is done by Japs, and
the employing company desired to secure white lubor.
With reference to the alterations on
the market building at Hastings and
Mnin streets, it was reported that conditions had not yet been remedied. Wm,
Braid, the mortgagee who controls the
building, was in fuvor of a straight
union job. The architect in chargo, Mr,
Bowman, promised to seo that tlie contractors paid heed to the requests of the
couneil, but the contractors were still
working along non-union lines.
It-wub reported that H. H. Stevens,
M. P. had forwarded to Ottawa detniled
instances of Vancouver dependents of
munition workers who were not receiving separation allowances.
Debate Be Oongress Charters.
A lengthy debate arose ovor correspondence with Secretary Draper, of the
Trades and Labor Congress over tho
granting of chnrtors. Tho reply from
Ottawa stated that tho Congress had
the right to grant charters, but now
only covored the field of civic employees
whero, iu mnny cases, there was an objection to an internntionnl union. President McVoty took a strong stand for
the international unions, but delegates
from tho Civic Employees' union declared that their standing would be hotter if thoy had a CongresB charter.
President McVety reported attending
the conferences cnlled by Col. Molloy in
connection with the settlement of problems arising from the war. Ho suggested that labor should take a part in
the proposed conforencc, ns in thnt way
a chance would bo given to express its
views. After Del. Benson hud suggested' that tho Molloy plan wus proposod
in order to hend off a goneral election,
the suggestion that lnbor tnke part in
tho movement was accepted.
Beports from unions were presented
ns follows: Retail Clerk's, organization
work now completed and good prospects
abend. Thnnks due Dels. Trotter and
Midgley for nssistanco in organizution.
Building Trades council, outlining new
organization plnn previously noted in
these columns. Milk Wngon Drivers,
urging that union men support their
cause by asking to "seo tho union button." Moulders, men still out for nn 8-
hour dny nnd believe they have the employors "on the Pan."
National Service Cards. ""'
Del. Towler mentioned the second
sending out of tho Nntionnl Service
cards, and asked if there was any menus
of compelling men to sign them. President McVety replied that although an
effort wns being mude to have the public believe thnt there was u penalty for
not signing, the legislation croating tho
commission did not give nny such
power. •
Dol. Benson asked concerning mect-
ngs of the Labor Tomplo Co., and The
Federationist, Ltd. It was replied that
duo notice of theso meetings would be
given, nnd thnt the financial statoment
of Tho Fedorationist would be sent to
the council.
New loculs affiliated with the council
ns follows: Local 89, Plasterers' union;
Pile Drivers nnd Woodon Bridgemen's
union; Brotherhood of Steam Shovel
and Dredgemen.
Delegates in Attendance.
Tho meeting was attended by 53 delegates. Statistician Cottrell's report on
ottendnnco being as follows:
Plnsterers—G. Bush. Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgemen—A. Eastman
and J. Hnrrison. Letter Cnrriors—J.
Cass, N. Barlow, J. Dodd, B. Wight and
F. Knowles. Carpenter—J. H. Copping, A. McDonald, G. Thom, J. Campbell and D. Lyon. Steam Enginoors—
J. B. Flynn and S. Winterbottom. Press
AsBistnnts—F. W. Jure. Streot Ball-
wuymen—J. Hubble, W. H. Cottrell, F.
Hnigh, R. E. Rigby, A. Mclnnes and E.
G. Kermodo. Machinists—W. Hawthorn, A. E, Fowler and J. H. McVoty.
The Sign USE
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province'
Established 1891
. Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
827 Soymour St. Phone Seymour 163
For your kitchen, Wellington nut $6.50
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump _ $7.50
Comox Nut „.  6.50
Comox Pea.
(Try out Fea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
mac&onaid-Marpole Co
Moulders—F. E. Bay and A. H. Donald'
son. Electrical Workers—E. Morrison,
W. Frnser, M. Gerrurd and H. H. Wood-
sido. Berbers—S. H. Grnut. Civic Employees—V. R. Midg% und G. Harrison. Sailors' Union—W. 8. Burns.
Typos.—H. C. Benson and H. L. Coroy.
Longshoremen—G. J, Kelly. Bricklayers—W. J. Pipes, Cigurmnkors—A.
Kochol, A. Blee and H. Kurbitz. Tailors— C. 8. Greon and J. T. Ellsworth,
Retail Clerks—C. D. Bruce and A. Glen.
Cooks and Waiters— \ Graham. Sheet
Metal Workors—S. T. Scarlett. Moving Picture Operators —W. Tenny,
Painters—W. Knight and D. Lemon.
Milk Wngon Drivers—F. Errington.
Boot and Shoe Workors—Tom Corey,
By an order-in-council of tho Dominion govornment, the Canadian Northorn
linos in British Columbia havo been declared "n work for tho general advantage of Cnnndn," this action bringing
the lines undor the nuthority of tho Dominion Rnilwny commission.
When tho province gunrantecd the
bonds of tho railway, it was provided
that govornment control of theso lines
should bo vestod in the provincinl authorities, Until tho full text of the
order-in-coUncil recently passed is received, Premier Brewster declines to
comment on the situation in connection
with compelling the company to fulfil
its agreements us to tho completion of
extensions, etc,
Tho Vnncouvor nuthoritics mny poB-
sibly bo concerned in the new movement in connection with tho development work at tho hend of Fnlse Crook
whero the compnny has not showet
much vigor in undertaking the improve
ments promised in tho agreement where:
by it acquired a terminal site at the
Local Canadian Northern officials
claim that the Dominion action is distinctly to tho public advantage as, under the new arrangement, all railway 1
controlled by the Dominion must accept shipments from the Cnnadian Northern for delivery to sidings or warehouses along thoir linos, shipments made
ovor tho Cnnndinn Northorn. Previously, it is said, such dolivery was rofuBedj
and merchants along the lines of competing rnilways wero put to tho expense
of drnyngo on shipments coming in over
the Canadian Northern.
Rotary Olub Did Oood Advertising.
Thnnks to tho energy of Pres. F. J.
McGougnn of the Vnncouver Rotary
club, the delegates attonding the Northwest conference of Rotary clubs in
Vancouver last week had a good, timq
despite the .presenco of tho snow. Supported by the work of his committeo
members, Mr, McGougan was able to
show tho visitors that Vnncouver was
a "placo to be desired" and all the
delegates left with plensureable recollections of thoir week-end Btny in the
city. Successful and ably handled
gatherings such as the Rotary club
conference cannot do otherwise thfjn
favorably advertise tho city.
Broadway Theatre
Comer Broadway and Main
MAROH 6, 6 and 7
founded upon tho world-famtfja story by Alexander Dumas.
Owing to the faot that tho dyes, hatters' fur and all other materials that go into the construction of Men's Hats has tremendously increased in price, we are compelled to slightly
advance the price of our Hats. We could continue to sell our Hats at the old price-in spite
of the increased cost of materials, but it would mean that we would have to offer an article
of inferior quality.
We feel that we would be best serving, and better satisfying, our many customers by
keeping up the well-known Black and White standard of quality. To enable us to do this,
we have increased our price 50c per Hat, which will become effective Maroh 19.
Between now and March 19 wo offer you pur Hats at the old price of $2.00—this is an excellent opportunity to outfit yourself with headgear for spring and summer.
The Black and White $2.00 Hat Store


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