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The British Columbia Federationist May 4, 1917

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EIGHTH flAR.   No. 18
Patriotic Employers'Appeal
To Locked Out
Miners  Refused  Publicity
For Statement of Their
Trail, BrltlBh Columbia,
April 17th, 1017.
During tbe past fortnight offl-
elali of District 6, Western Federation of Minen, have made demands
on behalf of all onr employees ln
District 6 for an Increase of 60
cents per day, and also for the
check-off system.
In the past the policy of the
Company has been to treat with
committees of employees at each of
onr camps regardless of -whether or
not memben of the committee belonged to a union.
We have told the officials that
this policy will be adhered to. We
have said that we considered lt impracticable for one committee to
represent all the camps because no
two camps work under the same or
•von similar conditions, and that
therefore each camp should select
its own committee, which we will
be glad to meet at any Ume.
In granting the War Bonus effective after March 31st, we did
more tban our profits justify, bjit
we shall welcome a discussion with
your committees as to tm fairness
of our position.
Bb. McNiven is here. He represented the Minister of Labor last
year when the existing contracts
were agreed to. His presence
should be taken advantage of to
bring about an amicable understanding.
We sincerely hope that the longtime friendly relations may be
continued, especially as our output
of metals Is so vitally necessary for
our men at the front, who are risking everything for our protection.
James J. Warren,
Managing Director.
ROSSLAND, May 1.— (Spe
cial to The Federationist).—
As a further evidence that
the miners of the interior cannot
even get a statement ot* their case
placed before the reading public,
1 am forwarding you herewith a
commutation that we submitted' to the RosBland Miner for
publication last week, which was
promptly refused. Above is a copy
of a circular which was circulated
among tlie mine employees here
recently and it speaks for itself.
It is plain that the company in
question has determined on an
"open shop" policy, and if thc issue has to be fought out again
in this and other interior camps,
it may ns well come now, for the
miners were never ln (Abetter
position to enforce their, demands,
and enforce them wo will. The
circular mentioned above reads:
Statement on Behalf of Employees.
."From time to timo (luring tho pnst
two years this enmp hns boon disturbed
by unplonsnnt rumors of industriul_jin*
rest. Fortunately in tlio pnst theso
complications hnvo adjusted themselves,
but today wo anponr to bo confronted
with a more serious situation.
"Sinco tho outbreak of tho War tho
?trice of commodities has been constnnt-
y on the increase, with tho rosult thnt
the wnges received by the workingman
of today aro inadequate to meet tho
high cost of living. On tho othor hand,
tho prico of raw materials hns gono
soaring—ospecinlly is this truo of the
bnso motnls, s.ich ns copper, lend nnd
zinc. Tho former of these is n pro-
duet of our locnl mines. Tho miner
nnturally UBks himsolf is ho sharing
iroportionatolv in tho incrensed oarn*
.ngs of his production. The question
then, is ho or is he not, nuil want nre
tho means or should be the menus employed in determining the question.
"Conditions, huvo undcrgono mnny
radical chnnges in tho pnst few yenrs
and somo people—including our populnr
representatives and especially tho members of the Federal government—hnvo
not kept nbrenst of the times. For
example, take the pusillanimous conduct of the negotiations in the Crow's
Nest Conl striko. With tho examples of
Lloyd Georgo boforo him for precedents, thc methods of tho Minister of
Lnbor, Crothers, hnvo been puerile.
"It Bhould be nn elementary principle, not diflicjlt to grusp, thnt onco a
corporation "paBscs beyond the bounds
of mere private industry nnd becomes
a public corporation upon which the
public or n community nre directly or
indirectly depondent, then there should
be a' corresponding meusuro of public
' "It would seem thnt tho Consolidated Mining and Smelling Compnny
is precisely in this position. Not only
is this community solely dependent
'upon this Compnny for tho continuance of its existence, but tho nntion—
even tho Emjpirc-*-l» relying upon tho
production of mntcrinls for a successful prosecution of the war.
"It follows, therefore, thnt any agitation calculated to cripple or discontinue the operations of this corpora*
tion is a quasi public matter nnd one
which requires action on vho pnrt of
our Government.
"It would appenr thnt if our institu*
(Continued on'pnge 6)
For the last twenty yoars seoretary of the
Fcdoratt'd  Association  ot Letter Carriers,
with headquartera at Toronto, well-known
from ono coast of Canada to the other.
Workers In Both Wood and
the Metal Trades
Quit Work
Men Asking Wage Scale As
Paid At Other Coast
AH shipbuilding in tho vicinity of
Vancouver was tied up on Wednesday
aB tho result of the employers refusing
to grant thc men a reasonable increase
of wages, and proper working hours.
The employees connected with thc
wood-working tradea laid down their
tools on Tuesday evening and, at a
meeting op the same night, decided not
to return to work Wednesday morning.
On Wednesday the machinists, blacksmiths, pipe fitters, etc., decided to quit
work until their differences with the
employers had been adjusted, thus practically tieing up the yflrds tight.
The step tnken by the men hns been
under consideration for some time, and
organization work; looking toward the
action having real force behind it aim
been in progress for several months.
Thc aim behind the movement iH to secure for the shipyard workers of Vaneoaver tho snmo wage scalo which now
prevails in other shipyards on the Pacific coast. The men claim thnt tho Vancouver scull, is fur below that pnid at
other points, and far below a living
wage at tho present cost of living here.
It is also stated that there is a lack of
uniformity as to the wnges paid here,
nnd it is desired to rectify this condition and place all skilled workers in nny
line oh the same plane.
The Men's Demand.
The demands of the shipyard woodworkers were for an 8-hour day, and a
44-hour week, with n wago scale as follows: Shipwrights and joiners, (>2Vac
per hour; caulkers, 0"8%e: carpenters,
501/ic *
Tlie shipyard machinists quit work nt
noon on Wednesday, and during the
ame afternoon the blacksmiths and pipe
fitters decided to join thom. Shipyards
do not use Bheet metal workers to a
great extent, but such as nro employed
have also quit,
Tii demand of tho machinists is for a
44-hour week and a minimum wage of
Slt'/ic per hour. The blacksmiths went
out some weeks ago, but. returned to
work in a day or so under a temporary
arrangement. As there appeared to be
no chance of their securing thoir full
demands by amicable arrangement, they
decided to join wtth their fellow workers in their present movement nnd thus
force ti satisfactory adjustment of their
In a press sTatement the management of tho Wallace shipyards stated
that he was willing to grant 9 hours'
pay for 8 hours' work, but intimated
that further than this he would not go.
The interests of the workors is being
looked after by the international organizers of the various trades, and Mr. A,
Watchman, vice-president of tho TradeB
and Labor Congress of Canada.
Workera Are Determined.
On Wednesday night tin enthusiastic
meeting of the striking employees was
held at the Labor Temple nt which it
was evident that the men are determined to fight their euusj tit a successful
It was reported that the laborers employed around the shipyards had formed a temporary organization with over
GO members, and would make application to the Americun Federation of
Labor for a charter covering their line
of work.
Messages wore received from tho
various internationals sanctioning thc
strike, and giving assurances of support. The hopo was expressed that the
men would stand firm, and not be led
to mako any ugreement with the employers which did not fully recognize
the claims of organized labor.
The shipyard caulkers reported that
during the week their local had received Ofi new members. In this line there
was a 100 per cent, organization in
every local shipyard except one, and .organizntion work was now being carried
on at thut point with every prospect of
Winnipeg Telephone Girls Win.
The new union of telophono operntors
at Winnipeg hus secured recognition.
They have returned to work pending nr*
bitrntion proceedings covering wages.
Where a Lab.or Alderman Counsels.
New Westminster city council has
thoughtfully decided to send the sum of
$250 to tbe Fernie Miners' union in nid
of the relatives of those lost in the recent explosions at the Coal Creek mines.
CNggff)     $1.60 PER YEAR
t xn
May Day Incidents That Portend the Rapid Approach of the Social Revolution—The
Voice of Militant Labor Now Heard Above the Din of Ruling Class War-
Increasing Labor Unrest Presage? the Collapse of Capitalism
INTERNATIONAL LABOR DAY has come and gone. But little attention was given to it upon this
western continent. That is easily explained by the fact that this continent is capitalist ically blessed
witfe, perhaps, the most backward and even reactionary labor movement of any country on earth.
The only recognition of May First as the International holiday of Labor, that was made by the workers of B. C., was by the miners of South Wellington, who observed the day by appropriate ceremonies.
But, however backward the labor movement of this continent may be in recognizing and observing the
day that the militant workers of the world have set aside bb International Labor Day, sufficient news of
the events of last Tuesday have leaked through to warrant the belief that vast numbers of the European
workers have neither forgotten nor repudiated their loyalty to their class and) its cause, even in the
midst of the turmoil and clash of ruling class war. Throughout the capitalist world industrial unrest
is rapidly increasing. It is being expressed in numerous ways. The capitalist executives (governments)
are proving absolutely incapable of dealing with the situation. The capitalist administration of the
affairs of human society is being forced into bankruptcy, by the mathematical impossibility involved in
the world production of wealth and the selling of it % more than it cost. It is a bankruptcy through
impotence. The tramp of the revolutionary proletariat heralds the speedy approach of the day of
May Day In Petrograd. '
To the tottering thrones and the
trembling capitalists of the world, the
marching of fully a million men nnd women In the various parades in the city
of Petrograd, on May 1st, under the
red banner of International Labor, and
singing the songs of liberty, could not
hnve been a pleasing and inspiring spectacle. But to the struggling slaves of
capitalism in all lands it should be an
inspiration and a message of hope, urging them forward to a like participation
and activity in the great movement that
alone promises relief to the harried and
tortured victims of ruling class rascality and profit grinding that now casts
its black and baneful shadow across
the earth; the militant and revolutionary labor movement of the world. During no revolution that has yet occurred
in human history, has the red flag of
labor been so completely in evidenoe as
in this Russian revolution. From all
thnt we have been so far able to learn,
the red flag is the only recognized national emblem in Russia now. The supreme command appears to be in the
hands of the workers and others who
are disciples of democracy and warriors
of the social revolution. In.no other
way can the adoption of the red flag
and the celebration of International
Labor Day by millions marching under
its sacred foldB, be accounted for. The
sight of that flag flung to the breeze ns
its national emblem, by a nation of people hundreds of millions strong,
might bo quite meritoriously taken as a
somewhat scathing criticism of the mental status of the labor movement in
those lands where the workers Btill loyally worship and proudly march under
tho commercial trade marks of their unscrupulous and conscienceloss exploiters
nnd,economic masters.
In Holland Also.
The workers of Holland also observed
International Labor Day. At The
Hague, the workers, with the red flag
at their head, Bang tho Internationale
while passing the royal palace, presumably for the purpose of soothing tho
royal nerves that may have been more
or less set on edge hy the noisy salutations extended to each other by Holland 's friendly neighbors next door. The
red burners curried by the paraders
bore inscriptions calling for peace, expressing approbation of the Russian revolution, and faith in the. proletariat,
and the eventual triumph of its cause.
In England and Elsewhere.
The only May Day demonstration in
England so fnr recorded was tho return
to work of 1500 striking clerkB of Woolwich arsenal, und 3000 dock workers at
Tilbury, nfter ii promise of adjustment
of their wages had boen made. The
tremor given to the British throne by
this militant action mny bo cosily imagined. Nothing is yet known as to what
observance of thc day was made in
Prance, and the remaining European
countries. A rigid censorship has pro-
vented nny information as to whnt happened in Germany from coming out.
While there are minors of considerable
unrest, and probable significant demonstrations in that country on May Dny,
thero is nothing yet more reliable than
mere surmise upon which to base speculation. It is hardly likely that anything very startling lias occurred there,
as it would be unreasonable to expect
tho   German   workers   to   sufficiently
Strong Testimony Ab to Justice of Men
Receiving Increase.
The board of inquiry which iB considering tho claim of the civic employees
for tm increase of wnges, has held nightly sessions during the week. Thc case
for the employees wns closed on Monday night, and the city la now presenting its case. From present appearances,
the men have mado out n case which
cannot be controverted. Interesting
testimony on the present cost of living
was given by Mr. Cotsworth, who stated that for an average family, the cost
of supplies was now $15.00 for the same
foodstuffs ns would have coBt $10.15 in
1914. With a wage of $3 per day prevailing in 1014, a wage of $3.88 per day
would now be demanded to even matters up, instead of the prevailing rate
of $2.25 to $2.50 for ordinary labor.
W. A. Alexander Already Doing Effective Work in Building It Up.
Vancouver local of the International
Steam & Operating Engineers, is one of
the latest unions to add n business
agent to its list of officers. This decision was made at last Sunday's meeting. W. A. Alexander has been elected
to the position, and is now mnking. his
headquarters in room 216, Lnbor Temple. Eight new members wero initnted
at last meeting, and fifteen thc meeting
previous. New wage schedules nre being secured In every direction, and the
working conditions generally have been
much improved of late. It is confidently expected that despite the opposition
of the mill owners of the provinco, the
government will pobb legislation providing for nn eight-hour Bhift in Jicu of
the present twelve-hour grind for engineers. Tbe Engineers' union is making
There's somethin j doing in the
field of organized abor throughout British Columb a right now.
On the coast two federal wage
inquiries are going on, covering
the demands of the civic employees and wireless telegraph
operators for increases. The
workers of the sugar refinery are
now out for just recognition, and
a general strike of the wood and
metal trades workers in the shipyards has been declared.
In the interior, there is a fairly general cessation of work in
the coal mines, as well as strike
conditions prevailing at a number
of mining and smelting centres.
The claim of labor for more
adequate compensation of the
workors has a sure foundation in
the higher cost of living.
It is 'up to organized. labor to
support to the limit these juet demands of their fellow workers.
break loose from their long established
habits of servility and meekness to authority, to indulge in any rude and
threatening, conduct.
The United State! and Canada.
Tho labor world of thiB western continent is pretty well in a ferment, but
it Ib principally over the matter of
wages. Strikes are in evidence all over
the laud. There ia nothing else that
particularly disturbs .the average worker of this side of the earth, hut interference with his "eats," his "hay and
oats." HiB rulers can Bafely deprive
him of everything else, but when his
wages will not cover more thnn half or
two-thirds of what is actually necessary
to keep him in condition to properly
servo his maBter, ho sooner or later
shows signs of kicking.   Well his wageB
Becauso about'sixty per cent, of the
workmen personally concerned in
seeking damages or compensation for
injuries under the terms of tlie Workmen's Compensntion Act foil to sond
in their personal claim to complcto the
record, the Workmen's Compensation
bonrd has about 000. claims on file
awniting adjustment, it is announced.
During the current; month the board hns
passed and settled 400 claims for compensation, but there are over (100 in
various stages of adjustment, the great
majority of which havo been held up,
owing to tho fact that the workmen
most concerned having failed to file his
claim. This is ono of tho very essential points in the procedure, although
the employers and the sargoons have
made their reports on these claims, the
board cannot moke the final adjustment
and pass the claim until the applicant's
personal'claim has been filed to complete the record.
•fare continually going down. The.tremendous rise in the price of everything
that goes into his stomach or on his
back, expresses that fall in wages. And
he is kicking, and in many cases striking. Every time he gains an advance
in wages he loses it by a corresponding,
or greater advance in the cost of living.
He cannot prevent it, and neither can
bis employer, and the beauty of it is
that the latter doeB not want to. There
ore Btrikes everywhere. Here in British
Columbia the metalliferous mining industry of the interior is practically
shut down, ostensibly because there is
no coke available on account of the
strike in the coal district. But the miners assert the shut-down is for the purpose of forestalling the demnnds of the
mine employers for an advance of
wages to enable them to keep pace with
the advancing cost of living. The miners are to be starved into submission,
and a continuation of work at the old
wages. The owners are all patriots,
and are not at all slow in appealing to
their .recalcitrant slaves to return to
work and thuB keep the minea running,
because "the production of metals is so
necessary for our heroes at the front,
who are so bravely fighting to protect
us." It might be added, "and our profits." For everybody knows what is
meant by "ub."
What It AU Means.
There are numerous strikes on all
over the land, and more are threatened.
That which causes the strike in one case
will bring on others, and this will go on,
like a continuous performance at the
niovies, bo long as the cause that
prompts strikes remains. And that
cause is human slavery. There iB nothing else that man ever struck against.
Ther is nothing else to strike against.
So long as one man or set of men Ib
master of another man or sot of men,
so long will theBe acts of rebellion occur. For there w nothing eleeto^mastery but plunder, And ngainst being
plundered men will strike. They mny
not realize that they are being robbed.
But that is all that is happening to the
working people of the earth, under thc
rule of capital. That is all thnt ever
happened to thom under feudal serfdom
and chattel slavery. There nevor was
anything to revolt or striko against in
the past, and there is nothing else now.
In its struggle with the mid-Europonn
survival of tho middle ages, modern
capitalism, as expressed by the Entente
Allies, will win. The medieval survival
will go down, and out, and iii the place
' fit it will conic a state or slates wearing
modern political garb. Capitalism will
Win, but capitalism will be bankrupt,
nnd therefore, ill-equipped to withstand
the onslaught of tlie proletarian army
that will be, and is even now, buttering
nt its gates. In conquering its enemy,
feudal autocracy, out of whose loins it
sprang, cnpitnliwu is but conjuring forth
its Nemesis, the revolutionary working
clnss, which will ia turn cast it into oblivion as it is oven now casting therein
the left-over feudal remnants of. the
past. Capitalism, in a bath of blond,
is now washing itself clour of remaining feudal taint, but it is n enso of
"washing out the baby with the bath."
Tt is itself going down nnd out, and
that right speedily. Tlie trend of the
oncoming proletariat mny be distinctly
heard. The end of human slavery rapidly approaches. The dawn of liberty's
dny is breaking upon the social horizon.
"Labor omnia vincit."
The recently organizod local of the
machinists held a very enthusiastic
meeting on Monday night, nt which
temporary officers wero elected. The interest taken in the meeting, as shown
by thc spirit of tho discjBBions, promises
that the new organization will be a
"live wire" in the field of organized
labor in the city. Tho temporary officers elected were: President, C. A.
Fisher; recording secretary, W. Street;
financial secretary, W. Waroham; sentinel, W. Fleming. The application for
the chnrter has alrendy been forwarded,
there being over 51) chnrter members.
SUNDAY, May 0—Bartenders;
Moving Picture Operators;
Steam Eagiaeers; Steam Shovel & Drodgemen.
MONDAY, May 7—Electricn
Workers; Iron Workers; Boll-
ermakers; Tailors; Street Roll-
waymen's Executive.
TUESDAY, Slay 8—Stone Cutters; Pressmen; Barbers.
WEDNESDAY, May 9—Storcoty-
tal Trades Council; Press Food-
persj Street Railwaymen; Me-
THURSDAY,   May   10—Mnchiu-
istfl; Shipwrights and Caulkers;
Milk   Wngon   Drivers;   Shoot
Metal Workers.
FRIDAY, May  11— Pile Drivers
& Wooden Bridge Builders.
A   nominee   of  Pioneer  Division  No.   101,
Street Railway Employee!, ftlong with K.
H. Cleveland, submitted to the central labor
body for the primary referendum of organised labor, to chtooBe a Labor candidate
for the forthcoming bye-election in Vancouver.
Some Speculation As to the
Probable Progress and
Reforms *
Stage of Journey of Human
Race from Apehood
to Manhood
Indirect Criticism By Semi-
Public Body Is Not
Two Local Street Car Men
Killed At the Front
This Week
[By B. C. Woodbury]    ,
IT WAS THE opinion of tlie dSa-
tinguiahed historian, essayist
and orator, Lord Macaulay,
who lived from 1800 to 1859, that
education should be made compul-
sory by tho state. If this was so
in his time, it is more apparent
that under state capitalism such
will be the case. It will not only
be compulsory, but more thorough, practical and technical in
its nature, so as to produce-experts and specialists, while dead
languages will be interred and
English become more and more
the universal means of expressing
and exchanging thought.
The metric system of weights
and measures,. a decimal system, ■
which originated in France in
1801, and whicli is as superior to
ours as a tungsten lamp is to a
tallow candle, and now ih use in
practically all countries except
English-speaking ones, is to be
adopted by the United States otl
January 1,1920. This will greatly facilitate commerce and doubt-
leas Qreat Britain and ner colonies will
speedily follow unit.
Probable Reformi. „
Economy will, be applied to daylight,
an hour of which will be saved eaeh
day during tho Rummer months, by the
general adoption of the daylight-saving
plan; simplified spelling eome into ant
versal uae; capital punishment, a relic
of barbarism, repudiated, and absolute
monarchs, with other savage survival!
in the higher peoples, thrown over*
board.   • ■
Slums and their landlords, along with
slum newspapers, devoted.to keyhole'.
journalism and backyard polities, will
disappear; crime aid- insanity henceforth known as diseases, and treated as
euch; the ringing of church bells discontinued, as such is unnecessary since the
invention of the dollar watch; while
oven the cemetery with its waste  of
Tho street railwaymen believe that
the local organization, which recently
passed a resolution advising that the B.
O. Electric let out a large number of
its conductora and replace them with
women, acted without understanding
the conditions.
"I think that the street railwaymen
have shown as much, if not even greater
loyalty than any other class of Vancouver residents," said on official of the
men's union in discussing the subject.
"About 135 men from Pioneer Division
alone have left their work and are now
lighting for the Empire. ThiB state-
ment covers only men working in con*
nection with the actual operation of
the street cars, and does not include
nny "of the head office etaployeeiT-Who
enlisted. In addition to this number,
many of our men have volunteered for
service, but have been rejected for various reasons,
"Aa a matter of fact, there is but a .        ,     ,     . , • ,     .„ ,
very email percentage of single men  ,arSe tractxfl of. »"*» ,wi11 havo to'&?'
operating on tho street cars at present. ft"(1 cremation, Vhich. is more economl
Cumberland Local to Further Assist ln
Circulating The Federationist,
1.—Tlie members ot local S72. I'. M. \V.
of A., are planning to got The Fedora-
tionist into every home in this district
Onr local is getting along line nnd wo
can afford to spend n little money to
help the campaign along. Am Bonding
along tlie lirst lot of mimes of n.ir membership; the balance will follow ns Boon
ns I can get round to it. May Day is
being observed hero today. President
Naylor, of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, and J. II. Hawthornthwaite are
the speakers nf the day. The mines are
closed down light, and the boys nre out
for a royal good time.
Firm Which Discharged Men for Union
Causes Now Seeks Soldiers.
The engineering firm.of T.etson & Burpee recently sent a communication tn
the Retarnod Soldiers' club stating thnt
work would be found at its plant for
returned soldiers who were machinists.
The action should be borne in mind by
renders Of The Federationist. as it affords a locnl illustration of the effort of
employers to exploit, through the medium of returned soldiers' organizations
thc principle of non-uni'nnism. It will
be remembered thai some weeks ngo
the machinists nt the Letson & Hurpcc
shop walked out ns the result of two of
their fellow employees being discharged
admittedly because of their connections
with tlie Machinists' union.
operating on tho Btreet cara at present,
In replacing tho 135 men who hnvo
gone to the front, the compnny hns been
engaging only mnrried men. Aa, even
before the war, the majority of our
men were married and had families', it
will bo seen a fair survey of the situation would make it .clear tho,t tho street
railwnymon, as a body, havo do*©:'their
duty by their country."
Financial Conditions Govern.
Another street raihvnyinnu said thnt
it was possible that some of the men
would enlist if they could aeo that tlieir
families were properly taken cure of.
With the eost of living as at present
existing, however, nnd the fact thnt the
wages the men receive is only sufficient
for a "hnnd to mouth" living, these
men, unable to lny up anything, cannot
sec their way clear, in justice to their
families, to volunteer for service. As
things now nre, it wns snid that men
are leaving the enrs because of tho impossibility of making a living wage at
the rates they arc now paid, because of
the great advance in the cost of living.
The indirect criticism of the attitude
of the street rnilwnymen in connection
with serving their country received n
striking answer during the week, when
I the casualty lists noted the denth ai
tho front of IL A. Willis and W. R.
Chandler j both well-known und popular
i street car employees. Mr. Willis wns
employed   us  n  ear  repairer,   and   Mr.
I Chandler was u Vnncouver conductor.
Negotiation of Men's Executive.
[ It is stnted that Ihe men's executive
is taking up with the compnny officials
i several important questions which the
men have asked be pressed immediately.
* Conferences have been held between the
[ various divisions and steps taken to
carefully outline the men's case. This
work necessarily tnkes some time, but
careful preparation of every point
which may be brought up is judged to
be of prime importance in enabling the
men's case to be presented with telling
Business Agent Fred. A Hoover hns
been appointed a commissioner for taking affidavits for the purpose of placing
names on the provincinl voters' list.
Members should remember this, and see
that their nnmes are "written there."
cal as well as more sanitary, replace it.
Then instend of"h'eln£ hurried to the-
grave in a motor hearse, our ashes will
repose, iu nn urn or bo scnttcrcd to the-
four winds of heaven.
Harmonizing Oil and Water,
, .Religion-remains a pcrsonnl matter,
nnd it will be kc"pt alive for the people
so long ns they.desiro it, but religions,
too, change with the timcB. Even now
they nre amalgamating like corporation's, add in the, future will likely conform more to the standard Bet by the I.
B. 8. A., which nims to harmonize roll-
ginn nnd science, hns nbolished tho
time-worn practice of tnking collections,
nnd sends forth trained lecturers, with
expenses prepaid, tn propagate tho gospel in nil languages.
Steady Jobs in Sight.
Since the state will in time become
practically the only employer, nenrly all
workers will possess what hna in tho
pnst been so pinch coveted, namely a
government job. Then when one worker
meets another, the hnckneyed questions,
-"What are you doing! Who are yo*a
working for?" will not require to be
nsked. Where there is not government
ownership there will be state supervisioni and direction of industry. Industries, like railroads, wilt be ns eeonomi*
cally.nnd efficiently operated ns is now
the post ofllce.
For the first, time nn attempt will bo
! mnde to regulate supply by domnnd, nnd
'to thut extent periodical panics cease,
but the condition will be chronic, depending on the rapidity or slowness of tho
industrinl development of Russia, China
and South Amorloa,
The recent standardization of automobiles nnd ships shows whnt lnbor nnd
mnchinery can produce, but in the future improvements in mnchinery and efficiency will, like the present war, bo
unprecedented and .inpnralleled. Machinery «ill in the futuro, as in the
past, be introduced when its cost is not
more than thnt of labor.
"Fair Wages," Fair Work.
Under state capitalism, "minimum"
wages will be pnid, or in other words,
f"n fair day's wages for a fair day's
work." What is "fair" will be do-
'cided by arbitration bOnrds. This will
bo compulsory in theory, but strikes will
cur so long ns the workers have grlcv-
IMPROVED CONDITIONS | a noes, not though, if the state cnn pre-
  (vent them.   Even now in militnry Prus-
All Local Contractors Have Acceded to j sin they occur, but when they do, they
Demand for 50 Cents Per Hour.       will dotibtloss bo put  down  with  an
,     , ,. ,   „      ,      , ,.,   iron hnnd.
Lasl   meeting   of   the   Amalgamated.     MititIirism will reach its highest point
Carpenters'  union   WM. wellattended. |of development, „nd since the state nnd
Toronto Unionists Active.
Mny Day passed quietly in Toronto,
j Two hundred cigarmakers. who struck
two weeks ago, asking nn additional
] dollar per tho.isand, remain out, but no
! strikes were inaugurated, There are
] prospects   of   large   demnnds   by   the
Reports of job stewards and busiue,...
agents showed that all the locnl contrnc-
[tors had come through with the raise,
and the membership was fully employed
under (lie new schedule.
The Workers' Defence lengue of Snn
Frnncisco nsked for financial assistance
and it wns decided to grunt a sum of
money,  the  Trndes  and  Labor council
[having endorsed the appeal.
I    Thirteen new members were initiated.
I The Minister of Labor and Fnir Wage
Officer McNiven will bo immediately notified thnt the wages for carpenters in
Vancouver is now fide per hour.
the standing nrmy were contemporaneous in origin, will decline with stato
capitalism, and when Ihe latter goes out
of existence, Ihe state censes to function ns s ich,
Oood fond, clothing and shelter ought
to be, and will be, compulsory to some
extent, since the main characteristics of
state capitalism, as contrasted with capitalism's curlier forms, are compulsion,
organ! Cat ion, efficiency nnd economy.
BJnco the ruling idefis of aay nge nro
the ideas of its ruling clnss, nnd working class ideas nnd institutions are no-
cossnrlly patterned nfter capitalist ones,
compulsion or coercion of members of
street railway employees nnd other trade or industrial unions, by thoso
unions, but  expected negotiations are bodies, will develop rapidly.   This is n
reflection of tho fact that in return for
some weeks ahead. Union officials stab
thnt employers were never ho ready to
listen to their representations ns now.
thc t-tnte enring for tho physical wcl-
(Continued on page S) PAGE TWO
Assets ....
.... 64,000,000
A JOINT Savings Account
may bc opened at The
Bank of Toronto in the
names of two or more persons. In these accounts
either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joiijt
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hutlngi ud Gamble Ste.
Publlshsd .very Friday morning by tta, B. 0.
FtdtnUonlit, Limit.1
B. Fun, P,ttlplac JI»n,|,r
Office; Boom 217, Labor Templt
TeL Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vincouver
. City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
In . body, $1.00. '
Nonr Westminster.... W. T.tea, Box 1021
Frinee Rupert S. D. Macdon.ld, Box 208
Vletorl...... _...A. S. Welle, Box 1538
"Dolly ,( Ubor;  ttat Hope of tbe World'
3. attest Sean    OBce: tty. tue
laniiten, SeUdlen, CMnywrn, Etc.
_       '"*''!• ud Vucoam
VUMnnr OBce: 6H-7 Roger, Bldg.
VMWOWBl, B. 0.
SoUdtor, Notary
Phue ler, snt        Blik.
Men'* Hatters and Outfitters
U* Ocamila street
•II Huttafa street Wert
A 20 per cent, increase in wages
has been secured to the miners of
the-bituminous cool Held of Illinois, Indiana Ohio and Western Pennsylvania.   This affects about a quarter
of a million minora.
photo ebobavbbs. ooinnt-
m., !*SJ» Oeymttt 71«l
ThtoI jjm>;jld_BoildInt,
Tbe onl. Union Stop fa Vaneon.,,.
XtHOvt Temple ttooo    tar. tm
Youi Telephone is of Greater
Value Every Dty
The awn.telephone, there are, the
.more Tata* yonr telephone ll. It yoa
eoold reaeh ereryene by telephone,
yoar telephone would be at Itl mail*
Bl» .tabu. This, however, la aot
.The lumber of telephone oieri ll
ilaeteMlat every day. It mum that
la Britlah Oolunbll the telephone ,ob*
urtber la abl, to rueh 300 more rab*
eerieen eaeh moath.
tie, other eemmodlty gtvee aneb
good valie ae roar telephone service.
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancouver
Wa Waat Yon to Do Ton
i With Vi
■.-'S' **£ *' *!!>■<>» la Ike but
la tie irnliei, Wknmr yea waat
•jra—a to ear Urn. mil la ead Wok
stntt Wtit ■
Sou-Van Milk
■well be ln tke home of atttr
is it nr Tomtsf
fair. MU
worn aiv. ate
Prlcee: Evening!
10* 16c, Mc, BOc.      100, He, Ho. 78c.
OaetaaDed Vaudeville Heau
f.SO, T.tO, »:15     Swion'i Prloea:
jamee. He; Bvenlnn, iee, Ue
THB That it will be np*
POWEB OF prociated    by   tbo
IMAGINATION,    minors   goes   with*
out saying nnd that
it insures a substantial betterment in
their daily living conditions is no doubt
true.    But  that  it  registers   no  permanent gain iB equally truo.   Liko all
other gains that have been recorded
in tho past, it is likely to be offset
at any time by auch an advance
price of the necessaries of life as to
completely nullify all that has been
temporarily gained.     That there haB
been any permanent improvement in
wage conditions Bince the advent of the
wage system of separating wealth producers from their products is not a
matter of fact, but   of    imagination.
Like all previous systems of slavery—
or more properly speaking,    previous
methods of dealing out provender to
slaves—there has been a progressive
lowering of the standard of Irving for
the slaves and a continual widening of
the chasm existing between those slaves
and their masters   The conditions of
the chattel slaves of old were far worse,
in comparison to their masters, during
the latter years of that form of slavery
than during its earlier days.   The same
is true of the feudal syatem of serf*
dom.   And the same is true of wage
alavery.  There ia a wider gap between
the wage alave and hia master now than
ever before since capitalism came into
power.   At so time in all history was
there such a wide margin between the
average wage and the average output
of the worker as now.   And that alone
tells all there ia to tell about continually   bettering   the   conditions   of
labor   under   the   capitalist   regime.
Never was it more impossible for the
worker to lift himself out of the wage
alave class and become a proprietor and
independent than now.   And from all
parts of the labor world comes over*
whelming evidence that never   would
the average wage purchase leas of the
necessities, of life, than right now in
these glorious  daya when wage   In*
creases are of almost as frequent occurrence aa rainy daya in B, C.   Never
were such gigantic fortunes piled up
in suoh short time as at present and
that phenomenon could not occur if
wages were actually on the increase.
•      ♦      •
There are some people in this world
who are possessed of very elastic imaginations.   They can see progress where
no progress occurs.   They can aee liberty where nothing but slavery exists.
It has been said that none are ao blind
aa those who will not see.   Perhaps so,
but it alao seems that there are none
who can aee so many thingB as they
who will persist in remaining   stone
blind.  For Instance, we quote an authority,    perhaps a self-appointed one,
upon this matter of an lncreaae   of
wages for the coal miners, as follows:
"This something more than 20 per cent,
wage increase for a quarter million
mine workers,    8E0UBED BY FEB-
THE MINE OPEBATOBS,    will undoubtedly mark an epoch in the progress of trades 'unionism and in the development  of Industrial    equality of
workera with employera   The collective
bargaining of two sets of free men,
free workers and free employers, has
been set forward a whole generation
and has been aet on a sure and permanent foundation."      Now there is
real Imagination for you.    "Friendly
and   business like   negotiations"   between exploiter and exploited, between
musters and slaves, could not well be
discerned except by means of an elastic
imagination.   One Is almost tempted to
wonder why, if the relations existing
between thom aro "friendly," the ad-
vanco should have been, say, 100 por
cent., Instead of    tho    comparatively
small one of 20 per cent.
*      *      *
But the best part of it is "the de*
velopment of Industrial    equality   of
workers with employors."     Industrial
equality between they who have everything that is, and the power to obtain*
everything) that is to be, and they who
have nothing but empty hands. Industrial equality between those who control
all means of life and they who do not
and cannot even control the power to
labor that is stored up in their bones
and muscles and upon the expenditure
of which they depend in order to obtain
thc things necessary to their continued
existence f That is Indeed rich. We
would give anything to be possessed of
an imagination like' that. We could
live upon it. It would provide-all that
is necessary, without any wages at all.
But perhaps the most wonderful picture ever painted by the imagination
of man is that of "the collective bargaining of two sets of free men, free
workers and free employers." What
in tho deuce these freo men would or
could be bargaining about is beyond
our ken, more especially in viow of
thc fact that one set iB* composed of
free masters and the other of free
slaves Freo men.would certainly not
bo compelled to bargain for their living. They would not have to if they
were free. That is all thero is to free*
dom. Therefore, if there is ony bargaining of that sort going on, It is
proof positive that no such thing as
freedom exists, either on the one side
or the other. But a duly constituted
and properly trained Imagination can
perform wonders. The plain faot of
it all is that some people are trying
to see things that do not really exist,
in order to bolster up some unsound
philosophy that they have been weak
enough to follow and are not yet strong
enough in the mental backbone to
throw overboard, although it is as plain
as a pikestaff that it is sure enough
0. S. HARBISON, Manager,
Oranvllle and Fender
Don't stow away your apnre
cash In any old corner where lt Is
In danger from burglars or Ire.
Tho Merchants Bank of Canada
offers you perfect safety for your
money, and will give you full
bunking service, whether your account is large or smalt,
Interest allowed on savings do*
a. N. STAGEY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
SOME QO OUT into the world and
wring fortunes out of the most obtuse and disheartening circumstances.   Other equally good men and well
intentionod withal, fall Into the ruck
of ill  fortune,
WE ABE NOT       matter how earnest
SEEKING their   offorts   to
MARTYBDOM.      avoid It.   And yet
again, others there
are who it seems could not escape the
embraces of good luck, even though
they set forth with the most profound
determination so to do.  It is much the
same with martyrdom.   Some can unearth it out of circumstances that would
appear upon the surface to be most unpromising and impossible.   Others fall
Into it no matter how earnestly they try
to aidestep it.   Still others Snd it thrust
upon them without the least deqire upon
their part, or without their even having
sense enough in their heads to enable
them to distinguish between martyrdom
and a horrible nightmare, in any case.
Here within the sanctum sanctorum of
The Federationist we seek neither fortune nor martyrdom.   The former be
oause we are duly impressed with the
knowledge that there are no surface indications to warrant any hope in that
direction, unless it might be that of ill-
fortune, and we have had a sufficiency
of that as it is.   The latter because we
have an instinctive feeling that martyrdom implies more or less discomfort,
snd might upon occasion be even painful.   We like to be comfortable.   We
don't enjoy being uncomfortable at all,
and we acknowledge a positive aversion
to painful experience.   And as to for*
tune, if we had one we should be put
to the trouble and annoyance of either
becoming a slavo tb it or blowing it in.
We don't care to be afflicted with the
bother of it in either oase.
*      *      »
But we do get numerous requests to
do things, some quite reasonable, others
positively ridiculous.   We are touched
for money; we are called upon to solve
great public questions; our services are
frequently requested for the purpose of
composing marital infelicities; for settling quarrels between employers and
employees; for removing all doubts as
to the probity of Britiah Columbia politicians, and our advice is always at the
disposal of those who wish to become
especially well informed on how to comport themselves in good socioty, how to
nonchalantly assimilate a high-priced
potato, and how to properly appreciate
the "patriotic fjnd."   But of all the
requests we have ever received the following takea the persimmon:
«      «      *
Editor B. C. Fedorationist:    Please
find enclosed copy of Brockway's defence, recently published In the "Canadian   Forward,"   as   n   reprint   from
the      Labor    Leader,    England.      I
presume    you    havo    boon   informed
that a charge of sedition has boen laid
against tho editor of tho before-mon-
tionod paper, and in viow of your fight
for liberty, I havo tho audacity to ask
you to roprint It in Thc Fedorntionist.
The time haa come when all defenders
of liberty should bc in durance vile.
Youra for democracy."
Thero are several reasons why wo do
not feel justified in complying With tho
above request. One is our extreme
modesty, a modesty in fact tliat is bo
well known hereabouts that It is unnecessary to further proclaim it from
the housetops, as we have beon in tho
habit of doing for quite some years. We
arc so conscious of our insignificance
and lack of worth that we are suro we
would make as sorry a figure aB a martyr as did the renowned Don Quixote ns
a knight errant. Another reason is tliat
wc ore not unmindful of tho fact that
this mnrtyr business is exceedingly dangerous at this particular time. And ns
already implied, we are not very enthusiastic in tho search for troublo just at
present. But perhaps the strongest
reason of ull is that wo have perused
"Brockway's Defonce" moat cnref.lll.v
ond aro, ns a rosult of that perusal,
quite convinced that the aforesaid
Brockway should be given time for a
thorough atudy of tho present war and
the oause w»jjji led up to it, as well
as for serious contemplation over the
utility of futility ln coping with the
problem of a brutal and conscienceless
ruling class and its overthrow. Not
that we are in favor of jailing Brock-
way or anyone else in order that they
may be given time for stndy and contemplation. If'they will not take the
time otherwise it looks as though the
hand of providence might bo discerned,
however, itt the time being given to
them in that manner. But that is none
of our doings, as any ono may readily
* *      •
We know that British law provides
that the "conscientious objector" shall
be exempt from military service, but in
the opinion of those impartial tribunals
so inseparable from the administration
of British justice, only pious and holy
persons can have a conscienco. In fact
they have to be positively nnd Incurably
religious, in order to be safe on this
point And it logically follows that if
Brockway had not been properly inoculated with the truo religious virus, he
could not have a conscience and, therefore, could not be a genuine "conscientious objector." That is easy enough
to be seen, unloss one bo so wilfully
blind that he wlH not see. If we were
possessed of a desiro to be haled before
some tribunal upon a charge of sedition
it would not be -necessary to draw upon
England for inspiration. Our own Initiative would be able to find ample material to draw upon right here At home.
* *      *
We do not believe that the  time
"has come when all defendera of liberty
should be in durance vile." That is
purely the doctrine of a ruling class. In
the opinion of a ruling class, there is
where all "defenders of liborty"
should bo* at all times, either there or
in their graves. But liberty's cause
does not make any such demands. That
cause demands that all-of her warriors
should remain outside of the bastiles of
tyranny and should bo wage her battles
as to keep clear of crippling the cause
by being in any manner removed from
the firing line and rendered Impotent.
The walla of capltaliat Jericho will not
fall down before the tin trumpet blasts
of ignorant piffle and irresponsible and
ill-considered bluster. The soldiers of
liberty must remain in the open, and
there wage the battle against the tyranny of the ages, being directed ih
their flght by a sound knowledge of the
task in hand, the obstacles that must
be overcome, and the legitimate and invincible weapons that reaaon and good
judgment have forged for the occasion.
A live coward is said to be better than
a dead hero. That may or may not be
true. But of one thing we may be sure.
A single warrior in the cause of human
liberty intelligently wielding his weapons in her behalf outside of jail, is infinitely more powerful than a dozen or
a hundred shackled and in "durance
vile." We can do little enough outside
of jail, and knowing that, we decline to
comply with the request of our correspondent, for "in durance vile" we
could do nothing.
onous course through the veins of civilisation. It is that alone that even
now is sapping the strength of nations
and rendering it extremely difficult for
them to* cope with the extraordinary
situation that has come upon them. And
especially ia this true of Great Britain.
The British Isles produce not more
than one-sixth-of their necessary foodstuffs. The balance has to be imported. That at least was the condition
at the outbreak of the war. fit has not
been materially altered since. Owing
to terrific strain placed upon her by
the war the government of Great Britain has been compelled to inaugurate
a few measures to somewhat lessen the
drain upon the national vitality and
energy that has been made by the profit-sucking interests during past years,
This has been done in order to be able
to withstand the tremendous.pressure
of the feudal enemy at the gates. But
when all Ib said and done, the effect
to curtail this profit-sucking of the life
blood of the nation havo been but
feeble and half-hearted efforts at the
best. The proflt has only been out down
a trifle. It has not been cut out entirely, as Bhould have been done. The
poison is still at work and unless it Is
entirely eliminated, its deadly effects
may so weaken the nation that defeat
will be the result.
...May 4, 1M7
T MAY BE readily gathered from
reading the columns  of the daily
press that tho   German   submarine
warfare is somewhat seriously threaten*
Ing the food supply of the British Isles,
It is hardly within
OBBAT the bounds of pro-
BRITAIN'S bability,    however,
FOOD SUPPLY, that thie method of
warfare can or will
accomplish the purpose that has
prompted it, unless it be powerfully
aided by the fear or the blundering
stupidity of the British government itself. There is but one thing that can
bring defeat to the cause of the Allies
in their struggle agalnat feudal mid-
Europe and that la the inherent weakness of those governments that for the
moment hold away In these various capitalist countries. Capitalist industry is
run for proflt, and profit Itself is but
another name for waste. It saps the
substance of the producers of wealth
without any compensatinf advantage.
It therefore makes for social weakness rather than for aoclal atrength.
During normal times, nations worry
along in spite of this drain upon their
vitality and energy, but it leaves behind it a perfect deluge of physical,
moral aad spiritual degeneration and
social degradation that aro as unmis-
takeably thc evidences of unclean living in the case of nations, as similar
phenomena would indicate unclean living upon the part of Individuals. How
evor successfully nations may bc able
to drag out their existence 'undor such
a handicap during normal times, whenever tho ocension nrises calling for extraordinary efforts in order to survive,
this deadly drain, if continued, may
so sap their strength as to render them
incapable of withstanding the storm
that has boen raised against them.
* ''■♦' " a
All modern nations are baaed upon
human slavery. The producers of
wealth are slaves. Their slavery is
none tho less morely because the mas*
tors boar the more euphonious names
of employors. Slavery by any other
nnmo is in essence the same. * It produces the some effects whether the
slave be called chattel, serf or freo laborer. Tho British Empire is engaged
in tho fight of its life. Along with
other natioiis it is in a death struggle
with what has boon loft over from the
unbridled autocracy of tho middlo ages.
Britain and her Allies must conquer or
oven tho littlo progress that has been
made along the lines of democracy and
a greater hnman liberty must go down
to defeat nnd tho world revert to tho
feudal political status of bygono days.
And tho only forco that threatens to
thwart tho triumph of thc Allies is thnt
virus of profit that still runs its pols*
From the April number of a circular
issued by the Northumberland Miners'
Mutual   Confident     Association,    we
gather some valuable information bearing upon what is done to solve the food
problem of the British Isles.   During
th eyear 1016, 65,000,000 bushels of
grain was used 'up ln Great Britain in
the making of 36,000,000    barrels of
beer.   162,000 tons of sugar was also
used up in the process. During the year
an enormous quantity of fruit was lost
because sugar could not be obtained
with which to preserve it.    A great
London caterer who feeds 40,000 working people per day, ordered an enormous quantity of sugar from the Philippines.   When it arrived he received
notification that his sugar was "stopped
by Food Controller, unless for Brewers.
If for Brewers, certificate to that effect
required."   The Brewers' requirements
evidently were of more concern to the
government than the food requirements
of the people.  So much indignation has
been expressed because of the government's subserviency to the liquor interests that it has finally been decided
to reduce the production of beer to 10,-
000,000 million barrels per yoar.   But
to produce this will require "45,000
tons of sugar, 20,000 tons of maize and
360,000 tons of barley."     And   the
German submarines are still threatening the national food supply.   Ships
are still being sunk.  And yet the tonnage space required to bring to Britain
the sugar and grains used np last year
in the making of beer, amounted to the
equivalent of "60 ships of 5,000 tons
each working at tho rate of six voyages
a year."   And all ot this sugar and
grain is used up in the production of that
which lessens the energy and saps the
vitality of a people, instead of being
turned to energy producing and vitality
conserving purposes.   But tho evil influence lying behind it all is that of
proflt.   To Brewers that proflt is of far
greater importance than the triumph of
democracy over autocracy.  To all capitalists it is of far greater importance
than the life Of the nation, or the lives
of the slaves that are foredoomed to
vegetate under the brutal sway of their
profit-mad regime.  While British workers are fighting and dying for "liberty
asd democracy," they might also make
a note of the faot that they are also
fighting for the conservation of not
only Brewers' profits, but the profits
of all the bloodthirsty and patriotic
capitalist pirates on earth, that keep
right on sucking the Ufe blood of na*
tions while the workers fight their battles.   Great Britain's food problem is
a most interesting one once the light
is thrown upon it.
Umore Polytechnic Institute and Mount
St Joseph's College. There was not an
L W. W. or a socialist or any similarly
disreputable character among them, no,
not even a low down workingman of
any sort or description. It wns a strictly respectable affair in every way, so to
The railways of the United States
only had the miserable pittance of $1,-
089,241,804 left at,the end of the fiscal
year ending Juno 30, 1916, after *11
fixed charges and all other expenditures, including taxes, were paid. It
la no wojider they are now asking, government permission to increase thoir
rates by 15 per cent, in order to save
them from a bankruptcy that is surely
threatened as a result of the Adamson
law establishing the eight-hour day In
thevrtilway train servioe. Unless they
get permission to advance rates, it is
not easy to see how they are to get by.
It may be true that "figures never
lie," but it ought to be against the
law to publish them when thoir publication ao completely strips the mask
of hypoorisy and humbug off the capitalist skin gamo. It'a an awful looking
thing once its stripped. If we didn't
know what it is doing to us It wouldn't
look so bad.
flnt  and  third  Thursdaya.   Eiamttn
board; Jamaa E. UcVitr, jprtiidwt; Frtd A.
Hooter, vlea-pmident; vVKtu_ft. .Hidtjaj,
idiot; Fwd A.
.—,._ r ~r B. Uit '
nntnl DDCrttsuy, 210 Ltbor Tamplt;
Knowlw. traaauro; W. H. CottarM, atatfc-
-Mm-, nretant at-arms, Gtorf* Harrlaoa; A.
i, Crawford, Jw. Campbell, V. Halfk, tm*
Uteta  aeaoad  Monday  In  Ut  moath.
President, J. lUcKlnion; Mentarr. B. B.
N«|»ndi, p. Q. Bw»D.
Boom SOS Labor Tomplo. Moota flnt
Sunday of eaeh month. Praaldant, Jamaa
Campbell; flnanolal aeontarj*-, H. Davit, Bon
434; phono, Soy, 4TS8: rooordiai toon tary,
Wm- MottUhow, Qlobo feotal, Main itnot.
al Union of America, Looal Ho. 130—
Moota and and 4th Twtdaya In tho month,
Boom 308 Labor Tomplo. Praaldant. L, I.
Horrlttj secretary, fi. H. Grant, 804 Georgia
"That solicitation of publio funds by
various charitable bodies on behalf of
Canadian soldiers should no* be allowed
except by permission of tho government
was a suggestion made to the special
committee considering tho welfare of
returned soldiers by Major Todd of the
pension board this morning. Sir Her*
bert Ames, chairman of the committee,
agreed that there should be supervision
by the government.''—Ottawa press despatch. Very good, aB far as it goes,
but it stops far short of the goal. Btreet
begging is street begging, it matters not
for what purpose it may be practiced.
It is an unwarranted nuisance, whether
it be practiced by indulgent persons on
their own behalf or for professed patriotic and other pretended worthy purposes. This nuisance has been so energetically worked in behalf of all kinds
of alleged charitable schemes that
scarce a day passes that the pedestrian
upon the street is not buttonholed and
often impudently solicited by either females or hemales, mostly the former,
for financial aid for some of these
schemes. And the giver has no means
of knowing as to the bona fides of the
solicitors or tho ultimate destination of
his contributions. It is high time that
this business was cut out in its entirety,
whether practiced allegedly upon behalf of Canadian soldiers or for any
other purpose. The Dominion of Canada
is amply able to take due and proper
care of not only its soldiers, but of such
other of its people who may unfortunately become so circumstanced as to require public assistance. For a city, a
province or a state to sanction street
beggary, no matter for what alleged
purpose, is for the city, the province or
the state to sink to the undignified, impudent and vulgar level of the confirmed street beggar himself. In the name
of decency and dignity it should be cut
out once for all.
Hoot 2nd and 4th Wednesdays, I pja.,
Room S07. Prosidont Chaa, P. Smith r —
responding seeretary, W. B. Da
flnanolal soontary, W. J. PL-
agent, W. 8. DafiaU, Boom 315,
U. B. W. of A.—Meete flnt and third
Wednesday of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 pja. Preaident, A. Bykea; aeoro-
tary. Frank Graham, 8366 Twelfth avenne
and Inn Ship Builder* and Helpera 61
America. Vanoonvor Lodge No, 194—Meeta
flnt and third Mondays, * PJ>< Pnaldent,
A. Campbell, T8 Seventeenth avenne west;
saentary, A. Prater, 1161 Howe atreet.
630. MeeU every Sunday, 8 p.m., Boom 816,
Labtfr Temple. President, Wm. Walker;
vloe-proeidoat, J. B. flynn; aeeretarytnat-
urer, W. A. Alexander, Boom 816, Labor
Temple.   Phone, Boy. T496.'
Paelfle—Meeta at 487 Gon avenne every
Tueeday, 7 p-m,   Bnseell Kearley, baatnota
—Moots In Boom SOS, Labor Tomple,
overy Monday, 6 p-m,  Pnaldent, D. W,
Dongall, 1103 Powell street jreoord*
tary, John Murdoch, Labor Temple; I
Powell etreet; recording eet
rdoek. Labor Temple; flnani
 itery and bulneoa eg<   " ~
Boom 807, Labor Temple.
and baiUeaa agent, S. -(.'Uoxi-ion,
 r, Labor Tomple.
•oolation, Local 88-63—Oltoo and hall.
10 Powell atroot.   Meete every Thnnday I
p.m.   Seerotary-treaanrer, F. Chapman; bnal*
J. Mai
nets agent, i
and fourth Thunden at 8 p.m.   Pntldent,  Wm.  Small;  recording  eeentary,  J.
Brooke: flnanclal eeentary, J, H. MeVety,
311 Labor Temple.   Seymour 74g8.
ton' Union, Looal 848,1. A. T. 8. I. *
M. P. M. 0.—MeeU flnt Sunday of each
month, Room 304, Labor Temple. Preeldent,
J. R. Foeter; bulneea agent, Bam Haigh;
flnanolal and oormpondlng eeentary, 0. A.
Hanien, P. 0. Box 848.
0.. Amis
ldtt-8 Mamllto
Phone 6418
Hemititehlng, bottom eovend, eeal<
lopping, button holes, pinking, ■ponging and ehrlnking, lettering, ploot edging. Pleating, nchlng, embroidery,
668 Granville 81.      1816 Douglas St
Phona Bay. 8131 FhoaoUeo
Pbone Ser. 51S3   1206 Granville
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
America—Vanoouver and vicinity.—
Branoh meeta seeond and foarth Mondays,
Room 80S, Labor Temple. Preeldent, Bay
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenne weet; flaen-
....            j   Campbell  4869   Argyle
irdlng eeentary. I. Westmoreland,
Phone Btyvltw 8696L.
etreet; noon
188—Meet* aeoond an fourth Thandayt
of eaeh month, nom 808, Labor Temple.
Preeldent, John HoHell; flnanolal eeentary,
Geo. H. Wee ton; neordlng soontary, Jaa,
Wilson, room 808, Labor Tomple.
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meeta Labor Temple, seeond and fourth Wed*
noedaya at 8 p-m. President, J. Hubble;
rloe-preaident, E. 8. Cleveland: ncording aee,
tary, A. V. Lofting,   36V   Trinity   stmt.
Ehono Highland 166B; flaanelal eeentary and
aatneea agent, Fred A. Hoover, 3409 Clark
drlvo, ____ oorner Prior and Main streeta.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flnt Monday la eaeh month, 9 p.m. Preeldent. J. T. Ellsworth; vloe-pneldent, Mist
H. Gatterldgo; neordlng seoretary, W. W.
Hocken,  Box  608;   flnanolal secretary,  T.
Wood, P. 0. Boa 603.	
last Sunday of eaeh month at 8 p-m.
President, H. 0. Benton; vlee-preeident,
W. B. Trotter; teentary-treeaarer, B. H.
Neelande, 7. 0. Bos 96.
blbotbio rannuu at ooit
Sat na and tave money.
The JvtU Electric Co., Lid.
870 Richards Stnet       *
Just in the way of a few bints as
to the cause of the high cost of living we beg to mention: The American
Sugar Refining Co. made 47,000,000
more profit last year than the year before; the American Woollen Co., *3,-
000,000 more; the Diamond Match Co.,
12,000,000 more; and so on down the
line, or rather up the line, for these
are only some of the small fry when it
comes down to trimming productive
suckers and getting away with the loot.
"Wanted—A home for a few months
for a soldier's pet dog (spaniel);.gentle
with children; soldier's mother out
working. Box 1125 Province offlce."
The above from the Daily Province of
this city. We beg to suggest that the
"dog" apply to the "patriotic fund."
It would do the soldier's mother no
good to make application on her own
behalf, for she has a job. In making
this suggestion, we are, of course, presuming that tho dog is leading a good
life, and is not addicted to unduly ex-
travagant habits. One of the female
"investigators" could be sent around
before taking action.
Tho German government has expressed regret for tlio sinking of tho Argentine ship Monte Protogido. As reparation for the offense, and as a mark
of rospect, a German imporial squadron
is to salute the Argentine flag "nt tho
first opportunity." Owing to unforeseen circumstances of a prohibitive nature, the,imperial government does not
know with complete exactitude when
that '' opportunity'' will occur, but
until then tho balnnco of trade in international monkoy business will bo in Argentine's favor. Tho Monte Protogido
still remains sunk.
Get bney and have yonr old bicycle
made like new. We will enamel and
make yonr wheel looh like new trom
$6.60 np.   All kinds of npaln at
816*618 Howe Hastings 418
Poultry Wanted
Phon. S,jn.w 10,7
 910 OlttYilU Bt
aim, 1,17*11: Pmldni, J. N.jlor, Bn
416.   Cuab.rl.nd:   TlM*pn.ld«nte—Turn*
nr: Ju. H. M.V.lr, T. B. XMtfar. Ubor
Tunpl..  Victoria: /. Tutor, BuMlI. Vl*
mnr IiUnd: W. Bud, talk Walllafloa.
Princ Eup.ti: W. I. thmatea, Bu 0»4.
M,w  Wutalutul W. TMm,  ,M London
■tnat.   Koolour DUIriel: A. Goodwin, Bn
SI. Trail.   Orow. Mul Vtlbri W. B. PkU-
IlK    17,   M«Ph*r,.n   .......    8ur.ur,*
Swannr: A. B. WalU, Bn Ull, Vletorin,
B. 0.
OIL—U..U Ini ud MM Wtdaudar.
Ubor BtIL 1414 Qo»nun,nt ilnot, M I
p.m. Prald.nl, t. OkrUNpkw, Boi lit;
»l«*pruld,nt, Ckrtatln SWarla, 1171 DM-
nun atrut; mattery, B. Blraw,, Bu 109,
Vl.lorU. B. 0.	
VUtorln, B. a P. 0. ettxtee Bn M. Loul
union mut, flnt ud third Bandar, 10 njn. .^
Plau ol naotlac. Ubor BnU. DrtJo.no. blk. ~
Pruld.nl. J. Jobna. UI D.1U. Ml; non-
lux, J. H. Amor, 1049 HoClnn ilnot; but-
nua lf.nl, B. OollUB, phont UOIB.
,1 Amrlu. Uul 7,4. Sr. WraUMr.
Hum uund Sudor.! uoh autk nl l'lo
p.m.   gggjteg, F..W. Jmuon, Bn 4M.
A ponce meeting at tho Academy of
Music ut Bnltlmore on April 1, attended by 3,000 people, and being addressed
by David Slarr Jordan, was attacked
by a mob led by the son of a locnl
banltcr namcr Osborne. Among tlio rioters wero severnl professors, n number
of prominent business men of the eity,
ns well as members of the faculties of
John Hopkins University, tlio University of Maryland, Tho City College, Bal*
Malleable Rangea, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doora
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fall. 447
Conndl—Mut, uund eat fonrlk Ttu*
tare et uoh month, la Oirpmlou* kail. Pn*
•ld.nl, B. D. HudouM; uentur, J. J.
Andtnon, Bu 171, Prlnu Bawd, B. 0.
MuU taeond ud forth Bnndnr ol oaoh
inthV nt 1.10 p.m., Blohard, Ball. Prul*
d.nt. Walter Bud; tlu-prut-Uat, Wa. Xtm:
nurdln, uontary, Ju. Batman; JaueUI
uontarr, 8. Portnj; truaaror, J. B. Bleb*
SEALED TENDERS, nddroieod to the
Postmaster General, will bo rooclved at Ot-
tawn .until noon, on Friday, tlio llth May,
1917, for tho conveyance of His Majesty's
mails, on a proposed contract for four yeara,
six times per week oach way, ovor
from the 1st of July noxt.
Printed noticos containing furthor information ns to conditions of proponed contract
may bo socn and blank forms of tondcr may
be obtained at tho Post Offices of VANOOUVER. MARPOLE and EBURNE, and at the
office of tho Post Olllce Inspect*!*,
Post Ofllno Inspector's Office,
Post Olllce Inspector,
Vancouver,. B. 0., April 14th, 1917.
How Much Alive
Are You?
One often hears the expression,
"walking around to aave funeral
cxpcnBOs," and while it ia intended as a joke, it is a half
truth. Tou commence to die when
you commence to loose vitality.
More vital forco is lost through
defective eyes than in any other
way, Allow our specialist to correct your eye dofcots by meana of
lenses glasses, and commence to
8th Floor Blrki Building
Seymour 4565
EIGHTH YEAR.    No. 18.
(la VuooavorY
$1.50 PER YEAR
A Pair of
Overalls Free
With Every $15.00
Suit Sold.
During the next few days
a pair of Union Made Overalls will be given free with
every suit sold at $15.00.
The Overalls are the genuine "No - Rip" Engineer
Overalls, full size, with service guaranteed.
This offer is made simply
to introduce to the Union
men of Vancouver our
splendid $15.00 suits — the
finest values to be had in
Canada—made of good serviceable worsteds and
other fabrics, in economical and pleasing colorings.
Every suit made to look well, fit well and wear well,
and guaranteed unmatchable value at $15.00.
Overalls given free with every suit.
Granville and Georgia Streets
"Pride of the West"
ask your dealer for
Established 1891
John J. Banfield
Fire Insurance, Accident Insurance, Estates
327 Baymour St
Phone Stymour 163
WAR DOES NOT afford a spectacle any too well calculated to
please the cultivated susceptibilities of the highly civilized man. It is
too disgustingly coarse and brutal and
too na'useatiagly
THB LAW bloody    and    evil-
OF LIFE IS smelling   for   that.
STRUGGLE. And it surely does
afford a most vulgar
and unpleasing display to he who fancies that the world is ruled by love,
and whose philosophy of life is that he
who is smitten upon the one cheek
should meekly turn the other for a similar swat, And yet the law of life is
struggle. The law of life is war. Everything that lives does so only by persistent and continuous warfare agalnBt
all other living things that may cross
the pathway of its existence, John
Swinton once asked Karl Marx the
question: "What isf" to which Marx
replied, "struggle." And that seems
to be about all there is to it anyway.
Without struggle there is nothing, and
life wtriild be unthinkable. With it there
is everything.   Life is all about us.
* *      *
Human society is an organic thing,
that has come up through the long tortuous path of the ages in obedience to
the eternal law of struggle, of life. Its
history is a tale of incessant strugglo
against the obstacles that have beset itB
pathway. Its history for the past ten
centuries haa been written in letters of
fire and blood. It is still being thus
written, and there is, undoubtedly,
more to follow. But it can come in no
other way than by eternal struggle and
even by blood, and carnage, for that is
the law of life and growth. Every
stitfution in human society likewise develops and arrives at the zenith of its
powers only by ruthlessly brushing
aside everything that lies in its pathway, and it in turn goes down to its
death only under the overwhelming
pressure of opposing forcea that rise up
against it. Today the forces of capital
are engaged in the final struggle
against the remaining powers of the
feudal age that at ono time held their
baneful sway over the then known
world. Capitalism, with its nascent democracy, is just now completing its triumph against itB constitutional and agelong enemy, by sweeping what is left
of that feudal rubbish from the stage
.of world events. And juat as surely aB
capitalism conquered feudalism, out of
whose loins it was born as the result
of industrial conception, so will that
nascent democracy which has been conceived in the womb of capitalism, eventually conquer and destroy the capitalist mother who bore it. It will be as
absolutely ruthless and without remorse
in crushing all opposition to its growth
and development as are all other living
things in the attainment of their
growth, and the realization of their
powers. For that is the luw of life,
we havo suggested in previous issuea,
we see in the years following the end
of this war a pronounced und vigorous
impulse given to the cause of democraay
throughout ail lands. Its mission is to
free the resources of the earth and the
tools of industry from the control of
that small portion of the peoplo who
dominate them undor the regime of
capital, and place thom in the hands of,
and under the administration of the
whole people, for the common benefit
of all. It will strike the fetters from
tbo limbs of tho now enslaved toilers
of the earth.
* *      •
That there is a virtuo existent in
even a nascent democracy, that is lacking in ovon a most powerful autocracy,
is clearly being manifested in Europo
during this presont war. The foremost
nation of the earth, speaking from the
standpoint of civilization and democracy, is France. A striking peculiarity of the highly civilized man is that
he does not seek war. He does not go
around looking for blood and carnage.
On the contrary, he studiously tries to
avoid it. But in spite of his abhorrence
for war, and his pronounced inclination
for pcuce and the avoidanco of blood
and carnage if possiblo, if he ia com
pelted tu fight he invariably proves his
superiority over the less civilized man,
by giving him a costly run for his
money. In othor words, tho highly civilized mnn is the master of tho less civilized, when it comes to tho show down
of war. Tho French, the most highly
civilized and cultured pooplo on earth,
suddenly sprung tupon by tho most powerful and surely tho most brutal and
bloodthirsty military autocracy the
world ever saw, for fully two yearB
withstood tho shock of the most terrific
assault ever recorded in history, Al:
though stripped by the suddenness of
the assault of nearly all of her industrial territory, France not only checked
the assault, but turned the tables upon
the almost overwhelming forces of the
invader, and from the day that invador
was turned back at the gates of Paris,
France has proven to the world the
Superiority of a civilized people imbued
with the spirit of democracy, over autocratically driven cattle of semi-civilized status and imbued with nothing
moro ennobling than the servile will to
obey their overlords and accord due reBpect to all that is "vorboten."
* *      *
It may be a harsh thing to say, that
the struggle in Europe is but a strugglo
between the highly civilized nations
upon tho one Bide, and a horde of semi-
barbarians upon the othor, who havo as
yot but littlo more than arrived at the
gates of civilization. As Lloyd Georgo
recently remarked, "Germany," at tho
beginning of the war, "was not a na-
Tbe following resolution waa
passed unanimously at the semimonthly meeting of the Betail
Clerks' association, held Wedneaday evening:
"Beaolved, that membera of
the Betail Clerks' association do '
everything in their power to
b,oost tbe sale of 'Made in B. 0.
goods,' if manufactured by union
labor, In preference to goods made
outside the province."
tion. Germany was au army." No highly
civilized nation could be an army.
Therefore Germany was not a nation,
us Lloyd George asserts. As a result bf
the war, she may eventually become
one, that is if there is anything left
after the capitalist world, with its democratic taint, gets through with her.
If tho Teuton tribes nre completely exterminated in the process, there will be
no occasion to shed tears over the matter. It will be strictly in accord with
the law of life.   Democracy must grow.
t The provisional government of Russia has taken over tjie entire trade in
grain and flour, and thc graft of the
speculator is finished. The "graft of
tho speculator" has1 not even been
threatened here in Canada as yet. He
is still perfectly safe to go the limit.
The people of Canada aro too highly civilized to cut out profit gambling. Too
d silly besides. And the government knows it, too.
"I will allow no ono to outdo me in
patriotism," said Artemus Ward. "As
proof of this I will sacrifice all my
wife's relations 'upon the altar of my
eountry." This noble example has
already been followed by at least one
body of patriotic working people in the
United States, which has risen to the
occasion by unanimously offering to
sacrifice itB capitalist employers upon
the same altar. Ward's sacrificial offering,, however, appears to be the greater,
for some of his wife's relations might
havje been good for something else. As
for capitalists, their case is hopeless.
They are not good for anything that
has.yet been discovered.
t Tom Mooney hns beon granted a new
trial. The rotten Vframe-up" engineered by the prosecution has boen so
completely uncovered that it became
impossible to go through with the murderous scheme. The Bulletin did yeoman work in uucovoring tho infamy
and thwarting the; intentions of the
would bo murderers. It looks now as
though all of the charges would fall
down and the accused ones be set at liberty, including Billings, who is now under life sentence upon testimony that
has been clearly shown to be the work
of the "frame-up." Tako it all
around, it has been the most vicious
and damnable attempt to tako tho lives
of persons activo in the labor movement that has yet been recorded in
American history.   And thut is going
Somo wise guy has said that "with-
dut political organization the labor
movoment cannot triumph; without organization the day' of its political
triumph would be the day of its defeat." And yet this wiso guy evidently was blind to tho fact that without "industrial organization" a labor
movement is absolutely unthinkable.
For what is "industrial organization"
but organizod wealth production? And
is not tbat already in ovidenco and
thoroughly established throughout the
civilized world, and Ib it not boing
perfected and made more complete each
dayt What other "industrial organization" is possible! By what other
scheme or process can tho workors be
moro effectively and permanently organized than in the factories, mines
and mills of capitalism? What was thc
aforesaid wise gay talking about anyway t   We give it up.
The attorney-general of Colorado has
filed a confession of orror in tho case
of John B. Lawson, former district pro
aident and international board member
of tho United Mine Workors of
America, who was convicted of murder
in connection with the Southern Colorado coal fields atrike in 1014. Lawson
was sentenced to lifo imprisonment, and
tho attorney-general now asks that ho
be set free. "Confession of error" is
merely tho polito legal term applied to
a "frame-up" that went wrong. Thore
is anothor about duo in the case of
Tom Moonoy nnd his comrades in San
Francisco, Strange to say, these
"frame-ups" are tho solo product of
the capitalist, tho "law and order" elo-
mont lu human society. Though the
working peoplo, moro especially tho organized workers, are generally acknowledged to bo instinctively criminal, no
"frame-up" to murder or imprison has
yet been attributed to thom. They havo
long since sunk to lower criminal depths
than that of mere murder. Their criminal inclinations are expressed along the
lino of wicked attempts to get more
Somo ono says that in the partnership
between capital and labor, the employor
f.irnishcB tho capital, and tho cmployoo
furnishes tho labor. All of which sounds
very nico, only it is not true. Iu tho
production of wealth, labor furnishes
everything. There is nothing elso thnt
ontors into tho production of oxchango
vnluo except tho labor of human beings.
Capital furnishes nothing, for in the last
analysis, capital ia nothing but tho control of labor, and that control which is
solely expressed for the purposo of seizing for tbo capitalist tho wealth that
labor alone brings forth. In short,
labor makes wealth, capital takes it.
Labor pays tho entire cost of production, and gots nothing in return. Capital takes oil tho wealth that is produced and pays nothing for it. So there
you nro, and out of this interesting situation, shallow pates are welcome to develop whatever thooriea thoy chooso
about the brothorhood of capital and
labor, and the delightful and omimontly
satisfying partnership that exists bo-
tween them. But their conclusions nro
ns excrutiatingly humorous ns tlie diplomatic pronouncements und suggosted
pcaco terms of tho Germans.
THB PBICE of copper has been
above 30 cents per pound ever
since the opening days of the war.
Copper magnates are known to be great
boosters for war, and there seems to be
ample reason why
DIFFERENT they should be. But
GRADES OF now that Uncle Sam
PATRIOTISM. has decided to take
part in the delightful scrimmage going on in Europe, the
copper magnates of tho United States
are among the first to givo practical demonstration of their patriotic fervor
and, the intense nature of their love for
a land that iB truly theirs, both in fact
and theory. These copper magnates
have offered to supply the United States
government with copper for tho coming
year at 16,07 cents a pound. This is
something of a comedown from the market price of fully double thut sum. In
mnking this patriotic offer, tho copper
mei, however, display sufficient business sagacity to carefully fix the price
at a figure that will not altogether eliminate the element of profit from the
operation of tho industry. It is well-
known that copper at 16.07 cents per
pound will bring to the owners of the
industry a far greater rate of profit
than was made during the ten years
prior to the war. And thon again if the
government can be committed to a huge
scheme of militarism, it may be readily
seen that the copper interests can well
afford to waive a portion of their profits for the period of one year, and leave
succeeding years to heal the patriotic
wound. A huge military programme,
such as Uncle Sam is evidently being
plunged into through the machinations
of military braggarts and venal politicians, backed by those sordid and bane-'
ful interests that especially fatten upon
blood and carnage and which of necessity look to a powerful and servile
army to protect them in their right to
exploit and torture the wealth produc
ers of the land, will require enormous
supplies of copper. A judicious sacrifice of a part of their profit during the
succeeding twelve months will be but
the castings of bread upon the waters.
It will return, no doubt, later on. Evidently the copper barons are not alto
gether lacking in foresight.
•      «      *
Another patriot is Henry Ford. Now
Henry is not quite patriot enough to
forego nil profit in time of penco. But
whon it CDmcs to war, Henry is among
tho very firBt to express hiB willingness
to abandon all profit, by turning his
factories over to government service
without reservation. Of courso Henry
does not long for war and carnage. He
iB quite willing to reap tremendous profits from the exploitation of slaves in
peaceful industry, but ho does not care
to haVo such profits come to him
through the blood and carnage and bestiality of war. The copper pirates do
not care how thoy got the profit, so
long as they got it. Apparently Henry
does. All of which goes to show thnt
there are different degrees of patriotism
among those who control great wealth.
It Ib but fair to state, however, that
none of them are of such a character ns
to soriously threaten the continuance of
that control. And that is the main
thing, for without that thoro would bo
nobody left aftor the war to furnish
the volunteer and conscript stave survivors with jobs. What would thoy do
then, poor things?
The demand is being mnde in some
quarters that tho governmont fix prices
upon everything required to curry on
the war, so us to hold down owners to
a "reasonable profit." By thc way,
what is a "rousonablo profit?" Profit
being something gotten for nothing, it
would be just as sensible to demand
that robbers should be limited in thoir
takings, to a "reasonable" amount, say
about 10 per cont. upon thoir investment, for iustance, How does that
strike you?
A volunteer array can novor bo used
ngainst freo institutions. A conscript
army can be UBed for any purpose desired by the interests thnt lie behind
its commandors and direct thoir movements. Conscription is a direct denial
of democracy. Tho elected representatives of a free peoplo who dnro to force
conscription upon their constituents are
guilty of a moro traitorous and dnngor-
ous attack upon froo institutions than
ever camo at tho hands of the most unscrupulous monarch that over sat upon
a throne.
All of this talk about tho "right
of tho poor to improve their condition
by legitimate means" is so much non-
sonse. Tho poor havo no such right. To
grant otherwise would bo equivalent to
assuming that tbey havo the right to
take from tho rich, for thero is no other
way that thoy can got out of their poverty. And that would be preposterous
in the extreme for that would spoil
tho rich aud then where would tho
world ho? In a dovil of a fix, to bc
sure. To deprive the rich of thoir
power to rule and rob would be to
"destroy initiative," and disconrngo
"thrift and abstinence" and — well,
you know the rest of It. It would not
do nt all. Let's hang on to tho poor,
lest wo be undone.
Suppose you had been forced to mnko
goods for somebody elso and thoso who
ownod what you have made got into a
quarrel with thoso who disputed their
right to bring those goods to thc foreign
markets. Wouldn't you be an ass to
fight for thom voluntarily? You certainly would. This is a vulgar explanation of tho why of the war.—Alnska
Labor Nows. Vulgar explanation? Woll,
wo should sny it is. but its vulgarity
consists solely in tne fact that it is
neither nn explanation of this wnr or of
uny other war that ever happened or is
at nil likoly to happen in tho future. A
vulgar explanation of any phenomonon
is all that can bo expected, however,
from those who possess no understanding of that which thoy would explain.
Tbo Nows bottor mako another vulgar
guess, and thon give it up.
Union Goods
Union Men
Wherever possible we have always endeavored
Men's Suits, $15, $18, $20, $25 arid $30.
Old values at old prices, regardless of the condition of the wool market Over 6000 Suits to select
from in our Two Big Stores.
Wm. Dick, Ltd.
We are in favor of a 48-hour week and a minimum wage.
Ask our twenty clerks how they are treated
and the wages they are paid.
VICTORIA, B. C: 018 View Street. Phone, 1209. Greenhouse, and Nursery, Ksquiimilt Road.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. 0.: Greenhouses and Nursery on C. P. R. Phone Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Fruit and Ornamental Treei and Shrubi, Pot Planta, Seeds,
Cut Flowen and Funeral Emblems
Miiin Store nnd Registered Offico: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
4S Hastings Street Eaat.   Phones, Seymonr 988*672.
Branch Store, Vancouvor—728 OranviUe Street.   Phone Seymour 9H3
National Gas
Range Week
May 7-12
25% off all appliances this week and 25
feet piping free on purchases of
over $20.00.
Cake Baking Contest
Music Refreshments
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville Street
Phone Sey.
J m w
FBIDAT * May 4, 1017
If you want to buy anything in the line of
Ladies' Millinery, Coats, Skirts, Dresses," Millinery
or General Dry Goods, we extend to you a cordial invitation to visit our store and see the values we are
George J. Fowler, Ltd.
For your kitchen, Wellington nut.
Kitchen, furnace and grate, Wellington lump 7.50
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump $7.50
Comox Nut 6.50
Comox Pea . 4.50
(Try our Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
The kind of Suits the boya Uke to wear are now on display.   Pinoh
Backs, Nortolks, and all the new and up-to-date styles are shown.
TeL Bey. 702
309 to 316 Hastings Street West
Pure Milk » Union Labor
The milk supplied by this
dairy Is pure in every sense of
tht word.
All the bottles and utensils
used by this dairy are thoroughly
Our milk supply comes from
the Fraser Valley.
Our dairy equipment covers all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
Great Northern Transfer Co., Ltd.
Cartage Agents, Furniture and Piano Removers, Packers and
Shippers i
Baggage delivered to outgoing trains and boats for 25c oents
per piece.
Phone day and night
Sey. 604-405
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Office:
Beymour 2988
Uptown Offlce:
Seymour 228
Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker You Need
ten       ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of 11 per year.
The Lord's Day Alliance.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: 11 y attention
has been called to a letter in your paper,
under date Friday, April 13, signed G. F.
Stirling, whicli nianifoHts un ignorance of tin.
uims and method* of tho Alliance which its
not, I ain afraid, confined to tho writer, and
which I ani sorry existB at all. I wonder it
you will allow mo some space to reply to tlie
same, and if possible correct this wrong conception of our work.
Maybe I can do this most easily by quoting somo passages from tho letter in question.
After referring to tho words of Jesus thot,
"it is lawful to do good on thu Kabbutli
day," Mr. Stirling writes: "Recreation is
good, for stimulating musculur activity.
Aimisemont Is good, for toning jaded nerves.
Bending is good, for mental refreshment. Ye I
nil thoso exercises are under tlie ban of this
Pharisaical society." I do not think Mr.
Stirling means Just this, but that thoso tilings
done on Sunday ore under the ban, etc. Well,
if tbis is so, 1 am afraid ono of the Beoro-
tarles of the Alliance is guilty, and lie hopes
tho time will never como when he is tou old
to enjoy them one and all, Sundays ns well
as other days. But of ono thing ho will be
corefiil, nnd thnt is not to require other pee-
[.pie to work on Sunday for his enjoyment, for
they surely hove just as much right to a freo
day as himself. It is not tho uso of Sunday
for pleusuro and recreation thnt the Alliance
opposes, but tho business of amusement, the
exploiting of some people fur gain in order
thut other people may have amusement.
This is the Alliance point of view, and wilh
it Mr. Stirling will no doubt coincide, fer he
writes further on in his letter: "We believe
iu n day of rest * * nnd thus far 1 am
lu perfect harmony with the Alliance." But
in tlie noxt sentences he shows ti distorted
vision, for ho writes: "But wben these gentlemen procoed to dictate to mo how I shnll
rest, whether wilh my back against n hard
pew In church, or lying on the grass in a held
listening to the rippling laughter of children
and the whistling of unorthodox birds. I positively object." Bear me, tills Is terrible I
Whnt unauthorized person lias boon dictating
to Mr. Stirling in this manner J Let us know
his name. Mr. Stirling must be joking. 1
hope nobody has such cruel designs against
Mr.   Stirling's  Suiday   comfort.
I am afraid that Mr. Stirling has been
reading somo of the very silly stuff about the
impossibility of mnking people guod by net
of parliament. Of course, you cannot make
pooplo good in nny such Teutonic manner ns
that. Goodness comes from within and by
freedom, nnd not by compulsion. But it it
possible to create conditions under which
goodness ean develop, nnd ahiong these not
tho loast is freedom from compulsion of
othors. In this connection 1 would suggest to
Mr. Stirling thnt he road a littlo book entitled, "Liberalism," by Hobhousp, published in tho Home University Library, price 3&
cents. Tho Alliance believes thnt tho Sabbath wns made for man, that it should he a
dny as free from the ordinary work of lifo ns
is possible in the very complex social order
in which wo live, tbat It should bo n dny
when evory man can bo his own boss, and devolop thnt power of Belf control and self direction without which he is a more nntomn-
..... tc be moved about by others nnd not a
free human being. For this reason it workB
unweariedly to seo that unnecessary business
nnd industry shall cease on Sundny, and thnt
oven those who nre employed In continuous
Industries and in transportation, shall have
during the week a dny of rest. How people
use tlie dny is another mutter. I do not
think it is an unimportant matter, however,
and I am auro our fathers were right when
they (might* it should bo used, in pnrt nt
least, in the interests of thc bigger and higher things of life. This Is what Emerson
meant when he said, "tho Sabbath is tho
core of civilization." But I do not think
that nny one or any Institution, howover sacred, had the right to dictate to mo nr to
any ono thnt tlio day be used in tbls or in
nny particular wny. That's n matter of conscience, and our men In Europe nre giving
their lives to put an ond to thnt ,sort of
tyranny of stato over tho peoplo. But I do
believe It is the function of tho state to set
npnrt one day In seven as a day of rest nnd
to Indicate thnt day and to preserve It by
thc enactment of laws, because tho law of
tho Sabbath Is written deep In tho physical
naturo of man—written thero long before it
wns written in a sacred book. And I believo
tho stato has a right to recognize that religion ploys an important pnrt In the lives of
men and to make such provision of quiet nnd
freedom from activity as Is needful for the
cultivation of the same. Hore I would like
to quote tho words of Lecky, who surely cannot be called a 'prejudiced writer, In his Important book, "Democracy and Liberty":
"No onc who knows "England," he writes
"will doubt that tlie existonce of nn enforced
holiday, primarily devoted to religious worship, has contributed enormously to strengthen the moral life of the nation, to give depth,
seriousness and sobriety to tho national character, to snvo It from being wholly sunk In
selfish pursuits nnd material alms."
Now as to Archbishop McNeil and his ad-
ess at Toronto, and the things we nro
fighting for—well, tlio archbishop was
speaking for himself, and It's a freo country
and peoplo havo a right to thoir opinions.
By tlie way, did I or'did, 1 not got a wrong
Idea when tho suspicion crept into my mind
1 read tho latter part of Mr. Simpson's
letter that it was inspired by a dislike for
tho church nnd for organized religion generally! Well, let it go, perhaps I was wrong.
1 do not belong to tbe particular section of
the church to which the Archbishop belongs,
but all the same I flnd myself somewhat of
bis opinion, not on tho matter, of Sunday
work in munition factories, but ns to whnt
wo are fighting for; though it is probable
that my conception of tho meaning of
"Christianity" differs somewhat from thnt
of tho Archbishop. I happen lo hnvo two
sous ot the front In France, ono of them at
presont dangerously wounded; nnd I would
he ashamed to have them anywhere else at
thiB time. They may not bo fighting for
Archbishop McNeill's nor for Mr, Sterling's
"Christianity," but thoy are fighting against
a false conception of life and conduct of
whicli tho Prussian military machino is thc
greatest world embodiment; thoy aro lighting
against tlio tyranny of tho State over the
Peoplo, thoy are fighting for Freedom and
Democracy—and these aro tho things Jesus
went to the cross fighting for. And thoir
defeat would mean the triumph In Europe,
and ultimately in the world, of brule force
supported by two spiritual forces which It
has mobilised, science and religion. But if
Mr. Stirling thinks differently, 1 have no
quarrel with him, only I wish bo hnd read
history moro diligently I "Let every man
bo fully persuaded In his own mind," ob Mr.
Stirling quotes Paul. By the way, I was
a littlo surprised to seo Paul quoted aB an
authority by Mr. Stirling. Not that ho Is
not a good authority—on some matters. I
nm afraid the modern Feminist finds It difficult to soe eyo to eyo with him; and I should
think there was n little too much of that
view point of lbe Human aristocracy—that
"be-subject-lo-liigber-powors" idea to make
him persona grata with a Federatlonist correspondent! But I wish Mr. Stirling had
quoted nil Paul said nbout every dny being
alike, nnd observing or not observing it. He
ends with, "Ho thnt observcth It not, to the
Lord ho doth not observe it." What Paul
means hero Is thnt howover wo observe tho
day It must be with duo consideration to
tho rights uf other people; nnd with this
I om sure Mr. Stirling ngrees: It Is tho
crux of the Alliance position.
And now ns to the making of munitions
on Sundny. I am afraid I cannot agree
with the Archbishop In that; and for this
very good and practical reason, thnt W« cannot lick the Germans if we do, That was the
reason that Mr. Lloyd George last yoar, when
ho wns Minister of Munitions, govo orders,
as published In tho London Times, that all
Munition workers under Imperial control
Bhould close on Sunday. I hnvo not learned
that that order hns heen rescinded,
And while I am on this subject nnd in
view that this letter Is written tn tbe officio!
paper of tho Trades and Labor Council, may
I say a few words as to tho futuro, when
tho timo of renins!miction comes, Tho only
way  In which tho tcrrlblo wastage of  this
war will be made up la by work, and those
countries will recuperate most quickly which
havo the best and most lndustrlouB workerB.
But with the urgent and heightened industrial tasks of the future thero will he a tendency to Bpeeding up and application of
the methods of scientific efficiency that will
ba fraught with grave danger to the working people. Mo deadlier thing can menace
the life of a people than cumulative fatigue,
the fatigue that piles up from day to day,
and whioh is not quito eliminated by the
night's rest. It is probable that in its degenerative influence it is a graver menace
than the unrestricted use of spirits. In this
connection I may quote the following'wlse
wordB of Lord Sydenham, In tho London
Times, September, 1915:
"At this time of supreme national effort
it Is vital that the conditions of laboi^-of
brains and muscle alike—should be such bb
to  prevent  cumulative   fatigue,   to   conserve
the energies of the workman nnd to enable
him to give his  best   service  to the  State
without mental or physical deterioration.   In
the moro  difficult   timoB   which  will follow
the  war the   need   for  increasing  economic
production und at the some time for jealously
guarding   tho  public health,  will  be forced
upon tho nation hy inexorable necessity. The
great  principle of compulsory     rest which
Moses taught to mankind calls for scientific
application to liveB far moro strenuous and
moro complex th-an those of the Israelites."
Yours sincerely,
Socretary for B. C. and Alberta
Lord's Day Alliance.
Red Doer, Alta.,' April 27, 1917. I
i /
(To Mr. W. Lane, by one of tho Sugar Refinery Strikers).
How dare you, sir, march men up streot,
With pipes and flag, like sojors,
Or o'or your grievance think to treat
With haughty B. T. lingers i
His erstwhile serfs might find Bome ground
To moot tho onholnted Cznr on.
But no such level may bo found
With our great Sugar Baron.
No weakling ho, like Russian Cznr,
Or such obliging codgers;
Unmoved by throats of mimic war
Remains the crown of Rogers.
'Gainst rebels all his blade is drawn,
Oil fiercely doth ho fume, sir;
Ho swears behind his "super" man
To "stand till crack of doom," sir I
As onco he armed his costly yacht,
Thon sailed, with mien terrific,
And drove tho Huns, without a shot,
Afnr from shores Pacific.
So he'll affright your workers' band;
Ho'll teach you, and McVety,
Old England's not the-only land
To boast nn Admiral   "B. T."
He'll flght yon bpth with might and main,
All mediation spurning,
To prove that long Indeed Is Lane
That never has a turning.
Why British men Bhoul4 wkh a house,
When they should be poor lodgers,
With scorco the spirit of a mouse,
Soro puzzles  selfish Rogers,
"B. T."  alone great wealth should got,
And have abundant wassail,
While employees should toll ami sweat
To  keep  him  lu his  castle.
And there to Bprcad himself in stato,
Like  purse-proud; vain upstarts, sir,
'Mid tapestries ond costly plate—
A patron of the arts, sir!
Ills benrtng bold, his features quaint,
In oils might be outlined, sir,
But sure no artist o'er could paint
A picture of his mind, sir!
April 28th, 1917i
Thnt Winnipeg firemen aro entitled
to more time off duty than Itna hitherto
prevailed was n point on which nil were
agreed nt tlie meeting of the eity fire,
witter nnd light committeo on Monday,
says The Voice. The system now in
vogue in the firo brigade is the same
that hns been ih existence as long ns
the brigade has, which is about forty
yenrs. Forty years ago the hours of
lnbor in all trades and employments
wove long, very long. In this Dominion
trades unions hnd not mndo nny impression, for they were few and weak. But
between then and now they have made
grent progrosa, and tho length, of the
day's work has beon gradually curtailed. But the firemen hnve held aloof
and tho public generally has been content to think that they did not do much
real work at all und might just ns well
be around the hulls as anywhere else.
So tho rule has been that there were
but few hours of freedom during the
week for the firomcu. If Mr. Fireman
is a married mnn he has n home, wife
and children, und he has one whole
night -off during the woek in which to
get acquainted with them. The single
man gots less.
Tho committee agreed that tho system whb desirable, but—. Chairman
Fowler explained that it was a good
time to be working towards tho two-
platoon system, but on account of the
large increase in wages which had just
been granted to the firemen a great increase in the cost of the brigade was
already incurred. There are many members of the brigade now at tho front
who had been guaranteed their positions when they returned. The proposition was to contemplate tuking them
back without dismissing the mea now
on brigado und in this way tho two-
platoon system could then be inaugurated. It was furthor proposed that
enough new men should now be taken
on to onnble the chief to give overy
man ono full day off every four dnys,
and tho council will bo recommend to
the city council. Aid, Queen insistently
favored tho two-platoon system now.
"Oaring for tbe Dead."
Mortuary benefits paid by the International Typographical Union in tho
last 12 months:
April 20, 1010 $ 23,690.34
Mny 20, 1910    22,430.10
Juno 20, 1910... :....   21,703.55
July 20, 1910    21j90f "
August        20, 1910    19,080.60
September   20, 1010    18,022.95
20, 1910  19,999.18
20, 1916  25,047.39
20, 11)10  20,784.23
20, 1917  30,768.07
20, 1917.  28,278.31
20, 1917.  29,090.91
Please remember tbat no letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals aro mado,
Tho address label on your
paper carries tbo date to which
your subscription is paid. If,
aftor forwarding monies to this
offico, tbo correct change in
your Libel date 1b not made,
notify us at onco. When you
havo a kick to mako regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
send It to this office—not to
the other fellow. Thus you
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all bo happy.
B.C. Federationist
Lftbor Trmplo.
Vancouver, B, 0.
Totul for Iho 12 Months..4288,3G0.18
Who's a NuM
floury Oolllns, a young mill hand in
MiiHsnchussots, having somo Blight mental trouble, wns sont to a Btnte anyhm.
Aftor lio had boon, thoro a fow weeks
a fellow workor visited him.
" Hollo, Henry I" ho askod. "How
nro you getting on J"
"I'm gettin1 on line," snid the patient.
"OInd to hour it. I Bupposo you'll
bo eomln' back to the mill soon!''
"Whntl" exclaimed Henry, and a
look of grent surprise como to his faco.
"Do you think I'd loavo a big, fine
house liko this and a grand garden to
como bnck to work in a millt You
must think I am wrong in my hend!"
—Harper's Magazine.-
Mortuary benefits amounting to
$7,675 have bean paid by tbe International Typographical Union to
the beneficiaries of twenty-seven
members of its Canadian unions
who have been killed somewhere in
Europe. Nearly 600 members of the
International Union have enlisted
in the overseas service, Canadian
Expeditionary Force.
Reply to "J. B."
Editor B. C. Federationist: In scanning over, the last issue of The Federationist, my eye caught the heading to a
letter. It was "WorkerB of the World
Unite." With a heading like that, I
thought that here, at least, was something really worth while. I got a shock
when it stated, right at the start, that
it was an interesting suggestion of Bartley 's that a woman be chosen as Labor's standard-bearer in the hope that
she would be accorded unanimous support. I hardly like to say what I think
of the suggestion—it would not bo nice.
I quito agree with J, B. that the suggestion does not reach tho root of the matter, und also that it is not a question of
sex, but I do most strenuously deny
that the cause of the lack of cohesion
amongst the workors is "petty jealousy" and "intolerance of each other's
private beliefs and affiliations." Ignorance of their class position is the root
of the trouble. And it is evident that
J. B, is not above criticism in thia respect. She (I'm not much of a Sherlock
Holmos, but I'll risk "she" anyhow),
appeals to thc workers to support a
working man for parliament on the
"broad (vory) grounds that ho is a
working man und therefore able to look
at things from tho workers' point of
view." Choice that! Whon wo notice
that tho vast majority of workers look
upon everything from their muster's
point of view. J. B. says she would
voto for the workor, but would not nBk
whether he was a socialist, trade unionist or Baptist—considering thoso views
quito private and consequently immaterial. The inference being, of course,
that the representative ideas on the
Lubor movemont, or religion, would
hnvo no bearing upon tho policy that <T.
B, considers desirable. The remainder
of the letter throws some light on the
naturo of that policy. It is askod in the
noxt sentence of the letter, "What does
it matter what he beliovos or what he
calls himself aB long as he is a worker
and knows whut tbo workers wuntf"
Now, us a matter of fnct, Mr. Editor,
right there is tho crux of the wholo
thing. Whut do tho workors want? J.
B. advocates, towards tho end of the
lettor, taht the workers' representatives
throw thoir weight on oither the Conservative or Liberal side, as the case
muy be, "so thut they muy get the reform we wunt. So it iB reforms we
want, is itf If thut is the cuse, thon I
will ugreo that any Dick, Tom or Hnrry
who bus at one time worn overalls, will
do—nny further, evon if ho has never
been a workor, ho can be just as efficacious as a reform gotter, becauso it
yst always bo remembered that no reform is allowed to receive the sanction
of the ruling class unloss it is to its
interest to do so. It is in whut we want
thnt our differences of opinion originate, and our wants, at least in the
political sense, are determined by our
knowledge. Those who understand the
nature of capitalist society know that
nothing less thnn the abolition of the
wages system can permanently hotter
the workors. As long as we remain pro-
leturinns—as long as the capitalist class
own the means of production—tho
mines, factories, land, railroads, etc.,
our position is determined by tho economic laws based upon that ownership.
Reform os we may; unionize as wo
muyj wo do but soil our labor power to
tho capitalist cIosb—at itB value—that
value being determined, not by the legislature, but by the amount of lubor
contuined in the food, clothing und
shelter necessarily consumed by tho
laborer in ordor thnt his existonce, und
thnt of his class, may continue. Tbis
viow cunnot be seen without some
knowledge of economics, but when once
the nuturc of capitalism is understood,
it becomes clear that there is a vast
difference between the socialist and the
puro and simple trado unionist or the
Baptist. It makes all the difference in
the world to me what opinions my representative haB, because those opinions
are a criterion of his knowledge, and
whatever other qualifications ho must
havo, sound knowledge of the worker's position in society ia absolutely
necessary in order that ho may be of
any use to me as a worker. The remedy is plain. Let the workers of tho
world unite in a thorough understanding of the nature of the presont regime.
Let us unite first in an endeavor to propagate that method of thinking that
alone can result in understanding, in
order that when opportunity which the
development of capitalism itself must
sooner or later present, occurs, the
working class will know where they are
at and will act accordingly. In the
meantime, any person who advocates
reform and pins his, or her, faith upon
a worker, merely because he is a worker, retards the progress of our class, because not only are the reforms, even if
accomplished, worthless, but in striving
for them the main issue is obscured.
Let us not take the parliamentary antics too seriously. Politicul action, or
tho struggle for the control of the stato,
is too often mixed up with mere politics. The workers will probably find
that the struggle for supremacy will
take placo bofore an election, but however that may be, knowledge of our
class position is the first condition for
our progress, so let the workers of tbo
world unite on that point now.
One of the most attractive window
displays arranged by local merchants
during carnival week was that of the
Hudson's Bay Oo. The central point of
this display was a giant cake which was
made in the kitchen of the Imperial restaurant operated by the Hudson's Bay
Co. This great cake was typical of the
groat growth of the company, whloh is
thia week celebrating itB 247th birth*
day, in token of which the surface of
the magnificently decorated cake is covered with electric candles. In keeping
with the public spirit of the store, the
cake, after the celebration is over, will
be divided and donatod to the Children's Aid socioty and the Alexandra
Orphanage, where tho "little ones"
will attend to its finish.
 Of America  Jc_*r
C0n.)CHT »T«»DI HM.HKHTt.ID itoa
Vote agalnit prohibition! Demand pel
•ontl liberty ln choosing whit yon will drink.
Aik for this Label when pnrobulnf Beer,
Ale or Porter, m ■ guarantee that It la Union
Hade. Thli li oor Label
So popular beoause it'* so good. Cascade is brewed ot tbe
highest grade B. 0. hops, and seleoted Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the publio.
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material back of it.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Along line ot F. O. E. Bailway open park line lands. The (Inert mixed
farming lands In the p.o vince.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who have gone
in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Welton Block, Vancouver
The Sign
Lard Butter
Ham Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
'■Th* Temperate Man's Drink"
Browed from the finest Halt and Hops, and, Incidentally,
furnishes a living to Mm* forty odd brewery worken.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Oompuy, Limited
i. On sale at aU Liquor Stores in
Westminster Iron Works
JOHN BED), Proprietor
Manufacturers of \
Offlce and Works: Tenth Btreet        NEW WESTMINSTER, B. O.
If lt Is not call np the
or drop a oard to our offlce, 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue Eaat.
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
. For Sale Everywhere.
Sales Manager for B. C,
and Yukon
5118 Alberta St., Vanoouver, B. C.
3 for 26c 2 for 25c
" ' ■■Ml
.......May t, 1817
We ane Headquarter^
for Fishing Tackle
Tbis year we are showing a more complete iMortmnt of Fishing Tackle
than ever bef ore-4aekle to meet tbe want! of the most critical angler.
Outfits for the boy or the expert fisherman, and prices are remarkably
lo* considering the increasing cost of practically all merchandise. BeaU:
STEEL FLY BODS-**-9*>4 feet; eaoh.—....... MM
STEEL BAIT BODS—9% feet*' eaoh	
COMBINATION BOD—Fly or baltj each...
...$1.60 and 12,25
BOYS' BODS—Bamboo jointed; each.  Me, 50c and 95c
SALMON BODS—High grade, English... 26.95 and »9.76
BEELS—English ?alnut; eucn.....:„ ..75o, $l.i5, $2.26 and $3.50
BEELS—Double multiplying
BEELS—Quadruple; each.
each...; ..*.......$6e, 96c, $1.10 and $1.25
.$1.90, $2.15 and $2.36
LINES—A large assortment of the best English and American lines, new
season's stook, at prices ranging from the 10c boys' line to the highest
grade tapered lines at. :— ■••■- * j*M
Every angler should make a point of inspeoiiug our showing of
accessories. i —Fifth Floor.
—   Let me examine —
your teeth
I AM perfectly Bate in saying that three out ot every four persons havo defective teeth. They know this, but they dread going to a dentist and, as a result, their teeth gradually go from bad
to worse, making the work'of attending to them more difficult and
DON'T put oft a visit to my office.   I will make no charge for
examining your teeth and advising you, and I can probably
save you both pain and trouble it you act promptly.
REMEMBER—when you come to my office you receive my personal attention, a fact which should give you perfect confidence.   There Is also a dental nurse constantly in attendance.
Upper or Lower plate .$10.00
Gold Crowns, 22 karat .$6.00
Porcelain Crowns  .$6.00
Bridgework, per tooth $5.00
Oold Fillings  - .$2.00
Porcelain Fillings .$1.50
Silver Fillings - $1.50
Painless Extraction ~  SOU
No charge made for extraction whan ln preparation for
Platee or Bridgework.
for the alleviation of pain I
use the Anocain Infiltration
method, endorsed by the highest dental authorities.
The permanence of my work
ia assured by my written ten-
year guarantee on all crown
and bridge work.
Sermonr 871B
DR. GRADY t"atM,4WMd
Ssturlsy Bvenlais
HuUifi Stmt oorur Sqrmmr
Broadway Theatre
House Peters and
Myrtle Stedman
Evenings Only
(Lady Beresford)
The Art of Dentistry
is exemplified in the highest degree at this establishment.
The Charges
are as pleasing as the servioe given.
Dr. Baker
OpenToMftay ind
Friday Evsningi
Phone Sty. 2220
Six 1-round bouts.
Middleweight champion.
72nd Highlanders
Eichampion N. W. vs.
Ex-Canadian champion,
TONIGHT, MAT 4, 8,30 p.m.        Four Other Oood Bouts
General Admission, 60c.     Boxes $2.00     . Beserved Seats, $1,00, $1.60
Beserved Tickets on sale at tha Grotto Cigar Store.
622 OranviUe Stmt Phone Sey. 2342
stands for the
Highest grade in Overalls
Whole   Syitem   Underlying  Patriotic
Fdad Is Wrong.
A writer in the Vancouver Daily
Provlnee this week, discussing tke Patriotic Fund, Bays:
"It is safe to say that every Veteran
will support the suggestion made at
a public meeting last week that the
government take over the management
of the Patriotic Fund, and instead of
collecting the money by popular subscription, levy a tax upon the whole
country and pay the money out in the
form of wages to the eoldier, or add it
to the separation allowance which his
family receives.
"The fact that early in the war the
general public discovered that the pay
of a soldier was not sufficient to main-
fain his family and that it was deemed
necessary to augment his income is
sufficient argument that the government should, take the matter in hand
and manage it properly. There iB no
use attempting to close one's eyes to
the fact that where there Is smoke
there is nre and there must be some*
thing radically wrong with the management of the Patriotic Fund when there
are eo many complaints heard regard*
ing it,
"It is quite probable that some of
the complaints are exaggerated and
those who are charged with the management .of the fund may be given
oredit for doing certain things of
which they are entirely innocent. But
the feeling has got abroad that everything is not aB it hould be, and it
would be a wise move to plaoe the
fund in a position where everyone
would be assured of fair treatment.
" When a soldier enlists he is told that
his family will be well looked after and
not be allowed to want and every effort
should be made to see that the contract is carried out With the management of the fund in the hands of the
government, and the money paid to the
family of the soldier as a regular portion of his wage, there would be no
ground for complaint, and the wife of
the soldier would not.be called upon
to answer Impertinent ..and sometimes
insulting questions put forth by parties who evidently have not had very
intimate acquaintance with the 'milk
of human kindness.' "
(Continued from page 1)
fare of the workers, certain duties and
obligations will be required in return.
Political Possibilities.
According to the Hon. W. S. Fielding,
who was minister of finance in the cabinet of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, "platforms
Of political parties, like those of oars,
are for the purpose of getting in on."
In the future, though, it is possible and
probable that the workers will discern
that the old political parties are as
nearly alike as are the alligator and the
crocodile, and will have a political party
exclusively for their own. This will in
time cause the old parties to fuse, while
on the benches to the left will sit the
representatives of labor.
Speculative Conjecture.
These few stray thoughts and conjectures on the trend of social development,
put down in a dry statistic-like manner,
are not so effervescent as a novelette,
or as interesting as war news, but to
know from whence we came, whither
we are travelling, and some idea of tbe
direction of the road, ought to be as
Important as the winds are to a sailor,
or the postscript to a woman's letter.
In conclusion, we recall that at the
commencement of the present century,
Sir Wilfrid Laurler declared that "the
nineteenth century was the century of
the United States. The twentieth century will be Canada's century." We
might say with equal truth that the
nineteenth century was the century of
the capitalists, and as fervently wish
that the twentieth may yet be the century of the working class. ,
(Continued from page 1)
the evils resulting from the situation
have become irremediable. If as a result of such an investigation it can be
determined that the company oan pay
the wages demanded and still operate
without loss, they should be granted.
"It is an elementary principle of
justice that capital should pay a living wage beforo any proilts or dividends are declared. %
"If, on the contrary, it should be
found that the wages asked cannot be
granted, then recourse ahould be had to
an investigation into the increased cost
of necessaries. In fact, such an enquiry should be made concurrently.
"I am not a socialist, but it would
seem to me that we are entering an era
of co-operation. The policy of the nations at war in nationalizing industry
would seem to point to this; and old
conditions will not be reverted to when
the war ia at an end.
"Co-operation does not mean the
elimination of capital and labor, but
implies a correlation of tho two in such
a manner that their aims will be identical. They must each learn that their
interests are in common—that they are
interdependent—Capital is entitled to a
reasonable return on its investment;
Labor should participate in the earnings of its production. When these
principles are fully recognised I venture to affirm that the old wage system
will become obsolete; and that instead
we will behold the worker drawing his
dividends in proportion to his profit
producing capacity. The system of
bonusing is a step in this direction.
"Adverting however, to tho immediate question. Who should take the in*
Itlatlve to obtain Government, inter*
ventlont This, I believe, should be
done by the Municipality whose future
and existence depends upon an adjustment of the controversy. It is under an
obligation to do so. It has become
incorporated; induced people to come
and .reside here and invest money or
open business aud aa a result, Individ*
uals and companies have advanced its
citizens loans on local real estate; its
bonds and debentures have been hypo*
thecated abroad. Now unless the industry Upon whieh it depends continues,
oan it discharge these moral obligations, redeem its pledges and re-pay
Its debts!"
Election WUl Tak* Place »t Labor
tamfio at May 23.
A very well attended and interesting
meeting of Vanoouver Typographical
Union waa held Sunday last, in Labor
Temple. President Benson occupied the
chair, and all officers were in their
Mr. C. Withers of tic World waa
initiated as two-third member, and two
applications for membership were received.
Keen interest was displayed in nomination of officers for the ensuing year,
consequently a lengthy ballot will be
Slaced before the members on election
ay, Wednesday, May 23. The following ie a complete list of nominations:
for president, W. S. Armstrong and H.
C. Benson; for vice-president, F. W.
Fowler, W. H. Jordan, B. 0. Marshall
and W. B. Trotter; for secretary-
treasurer, B. H. Neelands; for executive committee, 1. Bohle, M. D. Buchanan, B. Fleming, W. H. Jordan, J. B.
Melsom, E. Ore, A. J. Pelky, J. Bankin,
J. Sorrell and N. Williams; audit committee, M. D. Buchanan, W. B. Currle
and B. J. Lukey; conciliation committee, W. S. Armstrong, H. C, Benson,
J. B, Melsom and W. H. Youhill; trustees, H. C. Benson, W. B. Trotter and
Geo. Wilby; reading clerk, H. L. Corey
and J. E. Wilton; sergeant-at-arms, H.
F. Connell; delegates to Allied Printing
Trades Couneil, Geo. Bartley, J. Hazel-
dine, B. H. Neelands and J. Bankin;
delegate to I. T. U., Ceo. Bartley; dele-
§ites to Trades and Labor Couneil, Geo.
artley, H. C. Benson, H. L. Corey, W.
H. Jordan, J. B. Melsom and W. B.
Trotter; delegates to Trades and Labor
Congress ot Canada, W. C. Metsger, W.
B. Trotter and W. H. Youhill; delegates to Northwestern Typographieal
Conference, Geo. Bartley, H. L. Corey,
J. B. Melsom, B. H. Neelands and * E.
Wilton; tick committee, W. S. Armstrong, F. W. Fowler, W. H. Jordan,
W. C. Mettger and A. J. Pelky.
How It Works Ont Whan Applied To
Shipping internets.
Enormous profits have been made by
British shipowners — some profiteering
there as well as here. Before Liverpool
bankers recently, Mr. Edgar Crammond
gave very interesting statistics showing poss and net profits of British
shipping in 1916. The gross earnings
were 387 million pounds sterling the
working expenses 179 millions, leaving
a profit of 188 million. 'Of this amount
88 million was absorbed by excess pro*
fits tax and 24 million by income tax,
leaving 76 million for distribution in
dividends. It's a pile of money. One
steamship company, the Bennett Steam*
ship Oompany, has paid a dividend of
eighty per cent, for 1916, which with
20 per oent. paid for 1915, the shareholders have received in two years of
war by way of dividend, an amount
equivalent to the value of their shareholdings. The Bennett Company! We
wonder—but perhaps we had better not.
These figures are interesting, but the
aetual profits of tho shipping industry
were probably greater than even the
huge figure shown, for there are many
ways of tucking away profits, and shipping companies' balance sheets are not
usually marvels of lucidity. When a
ship is lost the owners receive from
the underwriters an amount equal to
the present extraordinary increased
value ot the ship, which is equivalent
to having sold it at its present inflated
value, while the insurance premiums
are Included In the working expenses,
which, as Indicated above, were in 1916
less than half the gross profit.—Calgary
tlons are in fact democratic, the Gov*
ernment should be equally representative of both Capital and Labor. If such
is the case, then it should be the logical intervenor in such a dispute; and
intervention should be made at once
with a view to determining the matters in controversy.   They wait until
Refined Servioe
One Block west of Court Houae.
Use ot Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors fre* to all
Telephone Seymour S425
Messrs. J. Leckie Co. Ltd.,
mako a line of footwear called thc "SKOOKUM" line.
If you want a real good,
all-round WORK BOOT, nsk
your dealer to show you
"SKOOKUM" No. 1964. Remember thc name and number—see picture above.
It is a Mention!to grain
foxed blucher—half bellows
tongue—single sole and slip.
It is certainly a shoe that
will stand up under the hard
knocks of rough work.
At Your Dealers
In 1910 the employees of the French
State Bailway went on atrike for decent wages and hours of working. They
carried on their strike in a most orderly manner. They being all conscript
soldiers and graduates of universal military training, the government called
them to the colors and they were obliged to take their places in the ranks
and run the trains as soldiers. You
workers in those lands where the infamy ot conscription haa not yet been
forced upon you had better make a
note of this. Better be wise in time,
than be sorry afterwards.
John Sharp Williams, a political
sharp of the democratic brand, a member of the United State senate, declares
that "there has been a hysteria
throughout the country, and that the
cause of high prices waa largely psycho*
logical." This removes the onus from
the innocent shoulders of food gamblers,
proflt sharks and similar capitalist ver*
min. Placing the blame upon wicked
old "psychological," where it no doubt
properly belongs, tends to remove much
of the fog and confusion from the publio mind. And what are political guides
and sharps for if not for the purpose
of dispelling confusion and dissipating
A New & 0. Mining Journal.
Vol. 1 No. 1 of The British Columbia
Mining News a monthly magazine devoted to the development of mining and
allied industries in British Columbia
and the Yukon, published from 824
Birks building, Vancouver, is the latest
exchange to reach The Federationist.
Louis D. Ta*lor is editor, and W. B.
Hull an associate writer. The letter*
press is typographically up to the mark,
and its advertising patronage gives promise of a useful future. And, of course,
It bears the Allied Printing Trades
union label.
Promoter Paulson's Boxing Carnival.
A series of boxing boots will be run
off in the Arena rink tonight, under the
manogoment of J. W, Pattison, tho well-
known Vancouver promoter of high
standard boxing tournaments and other
sporting events. Mike Gibbons, middleweight chnmpion, will probably face
Ray Campbell of Seattle, and Harry Anderson, former champion of the northwest, will meet French Vnise, er-chnm-
pion of tho Dominion. These with other
bouts, promise a good evening'tf sport.
A pnrt of thc proceeds wiH be devotod
to patriotic purposes. Tho boxing will
start at 8.30 promptly. —
Pauline Frederick at Broadway Next Week.
So Imbned with thn spirit of tho out-of-
doors wns Paulino Frederick after sho had
completed "Nanette of tho Wilds'* for tho
Famous Players Film company, that the celebrated star departed nn a four-day luinlini*
trip ns soon as the last socno for the production had been completed, and lt was ready
for presentation nn tho Paramount pro*trnm*
mo. It Is tbo featured attractlnn at tbe
Broadway lilts coinlnK week, on Friday and
Saturday. "Nanette of tho Wilds" is a tale
of tho Itoyal Canadian Northwest Mounted
Police, which tells the story of tho battle be.
tween one of the fearless souls and tho equally brave danf-htcr of a Canadian llqnnr snuiR*
nlor. Tho play was written hy the well-
known authnr and nctnr, Wlllard Mack, who
also plays an important part in the pprnduc.
tlon, tho entire action of whlcb transpires In
tho wilds. ***
Hotel Canada
518 Blchsrdi Straw
(Nesr labor Temple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
850 rooms, 100 with print* baths
Phone Seymour 8880
Vancouver'a newest and moit
complete notel
European Plan 81.00 pet Dny Up
New eleetrle auto bus meata all
boats ud trains tree
Oor. Dunsmuir ud Elckarda Sta.
Opposite later temple
vAKOovraa, a. a.
Headvartam for Labor tun.   Bates
78e aad 81.00 psr. day.
$3.60 per week aad ap.
.   date at: "- —*"
OOUXltT 8*011
dome and have a food tlau, perhaps
take home a side et baoea.
HasUifS Itreet, near AMett
Real Telephone Service, Cooperation Between Companies,
Means Ultimate Advantage to
the Telephone User
BC. Telephone servioe is valuable because the tele-
,. phone user is able to benefit by the excellence of
the relations existing between tbis company and
smaller concerns operating in contiguous districts. Cooperation is cordial, and eaoh company- gives to the
other the benefit of its facilities.
JUST HOW cordial are the relations was exemplified
on Friday last," when word wu received at plant headquarters in Vancouver of the destruction wrought by
the bank burglars at Ladner. The telephone system
in Ladner and district is owned by the Delta Telephone
Company, what is known practically as a farmers'
company, but the switchboard is operated by the B. C,
Telephone Company, along with the B. C. Telephone
long distance lines in the B. C. Telephone Company's
IT MEANT no great material advantage for this company to hustle the repair work of the Delta Telephone
Company's local lines on Friday, but it was an opportunity to show the smaller concern that the resources
and equipment of the larger company were at its disposal. It was in line with this company's idea of
service to make the telephone a real utility, dependable
and continuous.
THE OFFICIALS pf the B. C. Telephone Company
-were greatly gratified to reoeive the following letter
from Mr. A. deB. Taylor, seoretary of the Delta Telephone Company, in connection with this matter:
Ladner, B. C, April 29, 1817.
Delta Telephone Co. Limited,
Ladner, B. 0.
0. H. HAL8E, Esq.,
Seoretary B. C. Telephone Co. Limited,
Vancouver, B. 0.:
Dear Sir,*—I wish to express the appreciation ot our
company and the subscribers at Ladner Exchange tor
the prompt manner that damage done to tha cable by
the bank robbers hu beon repaired.
Tour emergency gang were at Ladner 55 minutes attar
our lineman had repaired a toll line, ud I had 'phoned
your company ot the damage done.
i damage <
Tours truly,
B. C Telephone Company
Canutiu Northern Railway
Telephone Baymoar 8888
Always in the Lead
The NABOB Queen
became Queen of the
Carnival This Week PAGE SIX
..Hay 4, 19!
Quality Clothes
Do it now whilst the selection is good*.  Each clay brings
our stock nearer completion for Spring business.
Drop in ahd try on a few of this season's models—no need
to purchase unless you desire to do so.     Samples sent on
*     »     »
Thos. Foster & Co.
Dependable Paints
Spring Painting
We solicit your paint orders for your
Spring Painting. Our stock of paints,
brushes, emanels, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
High Grade Tested Seeds
are always reliable when of
Rennie Reputation.
White Wonder MlUet, yields 60 per cent, mora than othen, per lb., 30c.
Bennie's Early Tlelder White Bead Oats, 10 lha. 96c; 100 lha, »8.50.
High Grade White Cap Tallow Dent Beed Corn, 10 lba. 85c; par 100 lbs.
High Orade Angel of Midnight Vellow Flint Seed Corn, 10 lba, 90c; per
100 lbs. $8.00,
Dwarf Essex Broad Leaved Sowing Bape, 10 lba. 11.90; 100 lbs. for
High Orade Cream Calf Heal, guaranteed, EO lb. bag, 12.76.
Early Bochester Bose Seed Potatoes, 10 lba. 60c; 100. lbs. 14.60.
Prolific Golden Wax Butter Bush Beam, 4 oi. 15c; lb. 50c; 5 lba, $2.26.
Early Eclipse Blood Turnip Table Beet, pkg. 6c; es. 15c; 4 ois. 40c.
Copenhagen Market Cabbage, best early, pkg. 10c; ot. 75c; 4 ors. $2.00.
Half Long Danvers Bed Table Carrot, pkg. 6c; oa. 25c; 4 oas. 65c.
Crosby's Early Sugar Table Corn, pkg. 10c; lb. 35c; 5 lbs. $1.60.
XXX Table Cucumb-er fer Slicing, pkg. 10c; lb. 35c; 6 lbs. $1.50.
New Tork Wonderful Lettuce, summer head, pkg. 10c; os, 26c,
XXX Earliest Water Melon, best for north, pkg| 10c; oa. 20c,
Select Tellow Dutch Onion Setts, lb. 35c; 6 lbs. $1,70.
ShaBott Multiplier Onions for early use, lb. 30c; 6 lbs. $1.40.
Bennie's Extra Early Garden Peas, very early, 4 ois, 10c; lb. 30c; 6
lbs. $1.25.
Sparkler Badish, crisp table, round red, pkg. 5c; oi. 16c; 4 ois. 40c.
IXL Extremely Early Tomato, very prolific, pkg. 15c; half or. 30c.
Spencer's Sweet Peas, choice colors, mixed, pkg. 10c; oi. 30c.
Bochester Giant Asters, pink, white, lavender or mixed, pkg. 16c.
XXX Nicotiana, splendid colors, mixed hybrids, pkg, 10c.
Seed Grain, Potatoes, Calf Meal and Bape.   Prices do NOT lnclnde
freight charges.
Bennie's Seed Annual Free to All.   Cotton Bags, each, 30c Extra,
Order through your LOOAL DEALER or direct from
Rennie s Seeds
872 Granville Street
Workingmen, don't
neglect your teeth—
A8 a workingman, you need good teeth as do no other class.
Yonr work is usually heavy and demands that you eat well
and that your food is thoroughly digested.
Tou can't digest your food properly unloss it is well masticated
and you can't masticate your food unless your teeth are in
good order.
If your teeth are defective, seo me at once. You will find that
by giving them attention you will Improvo both your digestion
and general health and be better able to do your work.
Crowns and
My work is of the highest standard and my prices are reasonable. On crown and bridge work I use only 22 kt, gold 30 g.
thickness, strongly reinforced on the biting surface. My plates
conform with your own teeth and preserve perfectly your natural countenance,
N.B.—I make special efforts to do dental work promptly for
out-of-town patients. Write me as to the day of your coming and, on your arrival, phone Sey. 3331 at once for an
appointment. Workingmon in Vancouver nnd vicinity may
take advantage of my offico being opened Tuesday and
Friday evenings.
Free Examinations by Appointment.
Open Tuesday and Friday evenings.   Olose Saturday at 1 o'clock.
Dr.Brett Apdersoi)
Crown and Bridge -Specialist —
602 Hastings St. West
Corner Soymour Stroot
Central Labor Body Promise Strikers Moral and
Financial Aid
Severely Criticize Policy and
Methods of the Patriotic Fund
THE OPINION of organized labor
with reference to tlie methods employed at the Bugar refinery and the
personality of B. T, Rogers, its ostensible owner, were expressed with no uncertain sound ot the meeting of tlio
Trudea and Labor couneil Inst night.
Tho delegates unanimously endorsed tho
strike now in progress at the plant, and
promised moral and financial support to
the strikers. They also requested affiliated locals to arrungo for giving flnnncial assistance, and also favored a suggestion that tho public bc asked to subscribe to a fund to aid the strikers. Tho
resolution passed included the suggestion that other central labor- organizations of British Columbia and Alberta
bo requested to ask tho government, in
view of the refinery being a practical
monopoly controlling a supply of foodstuffs, to take over the plant under the
War Measures Act, and operate it in
tho interests of the public.
Strikers' Deputation Heard.
A deputation of the striking workers
was given a hearing by the co'uncil.
They stated that the refinery was now
closed tight, and that it would not be
opened until the owner was willing to
treat with his employees as a branch of
organized labor. It meant something to
say that they intended to bent a man
like B. T. Rogers, but the employees
now held the whip hand, and intended
to dictate tho terms. The men who
were absolutely essential to operate the
plant were out, and they would stay out
until their demands were met.
The speakers said that they were
greatly indebted to the longshoremen
for Bhowing them how to handle the
matters. They had been apt pupils,
however, and thertj were then only
eight men in the refinery beside the police and detectives. On Monday 130
men went in, but on Wednesday not a
man went in, the only ones in the plant
on that day being the 40 men who
stayed there over night. The engineer
was willing to leave, but understood
that he waa compelled to atand by his
Constant Watch Essential,
Del. Kavanagh said that it was necessary to keop the refinery under close
surveillance. Mr. Spreckels had a nonunion refinery in California, from which
a crew might be Bent. Por tho longshoremen, Del. Thomas said that Bagar
boats would not bo unloaded here while
the strike was in forco.
Some question waa raised as to the
romarka of R. P. Pettipiece, manager of
The Federationist, adviaing tho employees to return to work. Mr. Stevenson of the strikers' deputation, Bnid
that somo of his remarks had been interpreted to have this meaning, but the
advice had not boon followed. Later in
the meeting, Del. Thomas introduced a
resolution censuring the monagor of
Tho Federationist for the alleged advice. This motion was referred to the
executivo with instructions to investigate tho matter and report.
Along the line of financial assistance,
it was stated that the street railway-
men would donate $100 to the strikers,
and that tho longahoremen had given
$150 to tho striko fund. A number of
contributions to the fund wero handed
to the secretary-treasurer daring (ho
Patriotic Fund Criticized.
Del. Corey stated thnt at the request
of the Typos, he would present a resolution in connection with tho Patriotic.
Fund, which covered the opinion of the
union, after a full investigation of certain complaints as to the management
of tho fund. This resolution stated
that as tho fund was really treated ns a
charity fund, and not as a supplementary aid for soldiers' dependents, und
as there had been discrimination and
maladministration of the fund, that the
council withdraw its representative on
the board controlling tho fund, that the
govornment be asked to take over tho
fund, and that provision be made for a
graduated income tax to meet thc demands of tho case.
Supporting the resolution, Del. Corey
jnve facts concerning the cases which
ndicated glaring defects in the distribution of the fund, and also alleged
that tho management of the fund hn'd
used their powers after the manner of
a collecting agency.
Del. McMnstcr and Miss Gutteridgo
objected to tho council representative
being withdrawn, saying thnt while the
fund existed, no matter how much tho
council might approve of its basis and
methods, it wns bettor to have a representative of Labor on the local board.
PreBident McVety said that whilo he
would personally like to be relieved
from the difficult task which was his ns
a representative on the bonrd, he did
not think it wise for tho council to
withdraw. As to the charges against
the management, he could only sny
that out of almost daily complaints for
the past three years, thore had only
been hnlf a dozen cases where the com-
Itlainantfl were not being trcnted equal-
y with others.
Employees Forced to Contribute.
Several delegates said that employers
practically forced employees to contribute to tho fund, some who earned barely enough to live on being told to
"eome through" or lose their jobs.
Whilo it was true that the dependents
did not really care where tho money
came from so lotig as they got what
Women's Cotton
Crepe Dressing
Two styles, one with embroidered front trimmed
with ribbon round neck
and sleeves and at waist,
and the, other style with
laee and ribbon trimming.
These come in all sizes end
are specially Rood value at
the price, $1.95 eaeh.
Middy Waists
A new shipment of Middy
Waists just received embraces three excellent
styles in fine quality drill.
All white with 2 pockets.
All white in Norfolk style.
White with trimming of
navy and white or saxe
blue stripes.
Ages 10 to 16 years.   Special at $1.75 each.
In white drill with waist
attached. These are made
with two front patch pockets and arc specially well
designed and1 finished;
ages 7 to 14 years, at
$1.95 each.
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and closes at 6 p.m.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
Form Labor Representation
League and Adopt
Preparing to Put Up Lively
Campaign in Coming
General Election
they thought they should, the way in
which the fund was now boing conducted meant hardship to many who could
not afford it.
After lengthy debate, the council laid
tho discussion over until the next meeting.
Tho Building Trades council asked
that all union men stop work on the
new market at Main and Hastings
streets, and that the bricklayers be suspended for working on tho job. The
latter part of the roso lation wns referred to the oxecutive for full investigation and report. Tho letter also requested the council to request the school
board to plnco a union clauso in all
A delegate complained as to Tho Fed-
At The J. N. HARVEY Stores
These Men's
Suits at
$15, $18, $20
and $22.50
.are attracting many buyers, who
are getting a good doal more
than their money's worth.
A largo variety of colorings
nnd Bnappy patterns to select
Smart stylos in Plnch-bWks,
Norfolks, patch pockot effectb for
the young men.
Regular, staplo stylos for the
older men of quiet tnstes.
'Twill Pay You to Buy Now
J. N. Harvey
125-127  HASTINOS  ST.  WEST
Also Tates Street, Victoria
Calgary trade unionists have organized a Labor Representative League,
and under its banner will contost local
seats for tho legislature in tho forthcoming Alborta election. Of tho movoment a Calgary weekly says: "Thero ii1
a, gleam of hope, however, in tho Labor
Representation League. They have organized for a definite purpose, and
based their chums for the suffrage of
the people upon great fundamental
principles thut refuse to bo ignorod by
a thinking people in this timo of National crisis. Justice and Democracy,
terms so glibly used by autocrats and
mnl-administrators have n real setting
in tho programme of tho Labor League
Thia organization is paving the way for
the realization of what our soldiers aro
fighting for."
The platform adopted reads:
The Platform.
Public Ownership and Control of all the
Means of Wealth Production and
1. Natuyal Resources.
2. Transportation, Communications,
3. Banks.
Proper Begulation of WorkerB and the
li Abolition of child labor, no child
to be allowed to work under 16 years
of age.
2.   Equal pay for equal    work for
both sexes.
• '3.   Universal maximum 8-hour day.
4. Semi-monthly pay for all workers now paid on a monthly basis.
1. A direct tax on unimproved land
values, including all natural resources.
2. A sharply-graduated income tax
upon all incomes over $2000 per year.
3. A graduated inheritance tax on
4. A graduated income tax ou the
profits of corporations.
(This is a sharp distinction to the present method of raising a revenue which
consists of taxes on bread, boots, coats,
and every single human thing which
makes life possible or even desirable.
It denotes, too, the abandonment of all
petty licenses except purely regulative
measures nnd so far ns tuxes are concerned it covers the only sane ground
of tax legislation ever suggested.)
Other Planks.
1. The extension of the Federnl
Franchise to every British subject of
21 yenrs'of ago and over.
2. Satisfactory arrangements to bo
made whereby a citizen may exercise
the right of the franchise, whether such
person or persons bo at the point of
registration on the Election Day or
3. The abolition of property qualification for civic offices to all British
4. The abolition of all deposits for
candidates seeking Public Office.
5. Election day to bo fixed in Legislative Assembly and recognized as n
Public Half-Holiday.
(i.   Proportional Representation.
7. Direct Legislation, including Initiative. Referendum nnd Recall.
8. Civil Service reform, all appointments to lie made on merit.
9. Abolition of the Senate.
(A  cheap iron (oinli with flowers nbout its
ono miserable Uttle grnvo.)
Here lies in one grave (because it's
cheaper) Tommy, Nellie, Bessie, Freddy
and Kitty Downirod. Brothers and sisters. Adults, who died at the nvernge
of eleven years, in tlie*yonr lt'17 A. D.
This memorial is generously presented
by Hon. Cant Workout Enough, mill
owner, in grateful memory.
After a long lifo of happiness nnd
child-play in tlie factory, thoy sleep
well (for the first time). Their highest
enConium—before they died, they wove
1,273,87.1 yards of unbleached cotton
cloth at less wages nnd longer hours
than any other family in Buncom county— $1.60 per weok—10 hours n day.
May their lives thus devoted to industry not have been in vain. May they
prove a blessing and encouragement to
other and similar adults now engnged in
work in tlio mills in this grnnd old
Stranger, pause and shed u fow tenrs
For the loss to the mill owner of theso
little dears. —Life.
Observers say that thero nro many
reasons to believe there will be more
flies thiB Boaaou than for a numbor of
Clean up your own premises; see and
insist thnt your neighbors do likewise.
Especially clean " out-of-the-wny-
places," und every nook and cranny.
Flies will not go where there is nothing to eat, and their principal diet ia
too filthy to mention.
erationist carrying the advertisements
of firms which employed Orientals.^ Replying to the president, he snid that the
cases had not been officially culled to
the notice of the manager. He was nd-
vised to adopt this course.
Lahor Party Nominees.
It was reported that Messrs. Kings-
ley, Pettipiece, Hoover, Midgley and
Welsh hnd declined thc proposals by
affiliated locals that they stand ns nominees for tho Lnbor party candidates nt
the coming bye-elections. Messrs. J. A.
Byron, J. H. McVety, E. S. Cleveland,
W. R. Trotter nnd Miss Gutteridge ro-
plied thut they would enter the race, if
desired. The council directed thnt the
names of thoso consenting to run be
sent up to the unionB for tho selecting
of two on a referendum vote,
A number of other matters of n minor
nature were dealt with by thc council
which, owing to limitation of space,
cannot be mentioned in thia issue of
Thc Fedorotionist.
Who on Wednesday was crowned Queen of tho War Danco Carnival, now be
ing carried on in Vancouver under the direction of the Commercial Travellers. Miss Siddons won this signal honor on a popular vote of Vancouvei
citizens. In private life sho is the telephone operator at the groat ware'
house of Kelly, Douglas & Co., the home of the famous "Nabob" line oi
household supplies, which are well-known throughout the entire province
Miss Siddons'was nominated for Queen by Kelly, Douglas & Co., and wai
accorded the detection on the popular voto by an overwhelming majority.
At her place of employment, she is now known as the Nabob Queen.    **"
Joe Wood he was a carpenter,
A straight-edged man of rules;
A cold once seized upon his chest,
And a thief upon his tools.
He called his wife in through the panes,
And, though much pained, he kissed
She placed a blister to his chest,
And for her pains he blessed her.
Nest dny he found his pain removed,
His tool-chest likewise gone;
'Tis   plnin   I   cannot   plane,''  he
"For planes I now have none."
To quench his grief and taste relief,
He drank a pint of gin;
HiB wife she thought a screw was loose
When he camo hammering in.
"You're on tho beer," sho quick exclaimed;
"Not so," said Mr, Wood;
'But being in bo great a strait,
I've got a little screwed.
'You know I have no compass now,
Though compnssed round with care;
My square is also stolen away,
And henco I'm off the square.
"I no'er again shall see my snw,
Nor mend your chairs nnd stools;
Oh may tho thief be braced to bits
Who chiselled all my tools.
"I am, indeed, a hard-ruled man,
If I ain't ruined, nxo me;
The thought  that   I   can't   cramp   a
Crumps all my frame and racks me. ,
And now I sit upon the bench,
And on my panels gnzc;
No rays of hope within me rise
Another pint to raise.
'To dream of being a gentleman.
I must henceforth forbear;
For if I cannot drive a nail,
I cannot drive a pair."
—Fugitive Poetry.
The revenue for currying on the war
ought to bo raised very largely by a
tax on incomos. Those who have lnrge
incomes receivo more protection from
tho government than do those of small
incomes, nnd thoy should bo made to
pny for it. Iu this way the leaving of
u large burden of debt to future generations could also be avoided.
"The war furnishes no excuse for
failure-to demand the union Inbel on nil
purchases. In fact there are reasons to
bo advanced in fnvor of tremendously
increasing tho'demund in order to insure justice for tho organized workers.
If you uro a real unionist you will do
your duty in this regurd. Demand it,
and get it."
A pleasant surprise awaits yon
if you go to the
for your meals.   A j6y to
The Pick of tha Market.
Charges Moderate
Opposite the Orpheum Theatre
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, lb... 26c
Slater's Streakey Bacon, Ib. 26c
Slater's value Tea, lb 26c
Slater's value OoSee, lb 26c
We deliver te all parts.
131 Hastlngi St. East   Sey. 3262
830 Oranvllle St.     Sey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1683
Colonial   Theatre
Programme changed every Monday and Thursday,
Most up-to-date photo- play
476 Oranvllle Street (downstairs)
It is definitely known that the fly is
tho "currier" of the germs of typhoid
fever: it is widely believed that it is
also the "carrier" of other diseases,
including possibly infantile paralysis.
Wben yu buy foreign footwear
you pay nearly 40 per cent, of the
price to the customs for duty.
What's ths use?
When you ean get equally as
good, made ln Canada hy union
workmen. Perfect in every respect; fully guaranteed and save
12.00 to $3.00 per pair.
649 Hastings Street West


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