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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 19, 1917

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NINTIJ ^EAR.    NO. 3.
=~ .-It
(^mS')^   $1.50 PER YEAR
All Who Disagree With National Service Scheme
Are Traitors
Corporation Lawyer a Menace to Political Life
of Nation
M. P., Lieut.-Col., has distinguished himself by asserting
in public that the opposition to
national service on the part of organized labor in Canada ie
prompted from German sources.
Nobody but Mr. Bennett himself
has notice 1 any opposition 10 national service. The opposition that
hus manifested it&e'f is toward the
get-rich-quick schemes that are
being foisted upou the Canadian
public which are national service
in name only, and have for their
object not the aiding of the empire in the war, but the making of
profits by war contractors. Mr.
Bennett's insult to organized labor is both uncalled for and unmerited. He himself, as a munition manufacturer, is a direct
beneficiary of war industry, and Bhould
bo the last man to speak in public on
Such a question. The Alborta Federation of Labor, which is in session at
Edmonton, has called upon the premier,
Sir Robert Borden, to apologize for
what Bennett has suid. They apparently regard tho latter gentleman as being
so lost to all BenBc of shame that it is
usoless to argue with him.
Political Crudity.
Canada ia many lines iB abreast of
the world's foremost advances. Her
educational systems aro fairly good, in
music, art aad science sho can compare
favorably with many an older country,
nnd in her agriculture and industry Bhe
can evea give pointers to tho world's
best, but when ner statesmen and public representatives speak their minds, it
is then one gets' to understand how
crude and backward aro hor political
institutions. It is doubtful if in the
most backward nation in tho world outside of Canada herself, could a government propose a selfish, scheme of proiit-
taking in the name of national service,
and then havo the gall to call the peo-
{>le who oppoaod it traitors who are in
eague with the nation's enemies. Crudo
and unsettled as are thc public affairs
of such a country aB oven Moxico, it is
hard to conceive of a public man thero
going to the lengths of vindictive abuse
that Mr. Bennett has stooped to, and
yet there are some peoplo left in Canada who regard Mr. Bennott as some
kind of an oratorical ornament in Canadian public life.
Cries, "Wolf, Wolf."
If Canadians have a national failing
nt all, it is that trait which has como
to bo recognized under the term of
narrow-mindedness. That this reproach
against Canadians haB sume basis in
fact can be demonstrated in no other
wny than the arguments resorted to by
public men and tho daily press in seeking the Bupport and sympathy of the
Canadiaa public for their political opinions. Mr. Bennott believes a majority
of the people of Canada are bigoted,
and narrow', and he therefore raises the
cry of treason as tho beBt method of
directing public condemnation against
nny person who has the temerity to ask
for a cleaner and saner administration
of public affairs than fits in with Mb
own dirty littlo schemes.
Typical Example
Mr. Bennett is a typical example of
the corporation lawyer, who gets himself elected as a public representative,
and then trios to pose as a staesman by
betraying tho intorests of tho public to
his real master tho corporations. Such
palpable humbugs always appear in tho
public lifo of a country going through
the development stages which have
marked tho progress of all countries in
this now world. The American republic
to the south has had tho experience of
the Bennett politician until they have
como to recognize his species as a sort
of dangerous political parasite that
must bo got rid of wherever recognized
if the nation is to go forward along the
lines of normal growth and development of its political institutions.
Labor Undismayed.
The Federationist feels as certain that the political doom of
doom of tho Bonnotts is as sure as that
Canada's political lifo will sometime
advance to at least an equnl extent as
hor other lines of achievement. Their
place in history will be referred to only
to show how coarse and crude men in
public life once were, just as ono sometime gleefully refers to the houso rules
for guestB at hotels in the early pioneer
days. In the meantime tho Lnbor men
of Canada who want to servo their coun.
try and help it to advance Will go forward undismayed by such cheap insults.
In fact the louder the corporation lawyers and defenders squeal the more certain it is that Labor's cause is tending
to serve tho interests of the public aB
against the interests of corporations.
Labor Not Guilty.
If organized labor in Canada had the
| disreputable record of the Conservative
government to answer for, it might got
really frightened when anybody raised
the cry of traitors. Labor did not arm
the Canadian troops with dofective weapons and try to brazen the matter out
when that crime was brought homo.
Labor did not commit bungleB and Wanderings which Mr. Bennott and his
friends stand convicted of. If thero
havo been any public acts committed in
Canada's army while tho Bennetts stayed at homo and tried to steal the credit
ly the fault of the government of which
Mr. Bennett is a part.     Labor went
President of tho Federation of Letter
Carriers, embracing all Canada, who
was "canned" by the federal government last wook for daring to have
an opinion not shared in by tho gov-
ernment, namely that the basic industries should be nationalized and
profit-making eliminated, bofore asking for moro man-power.
Vancouver Objects to Terms
on Account of the Low
Price of Cod
Provides Slight Increase for
Fishermen on Catch
of Halibut
DURING THE WEEK a conference of representatives of
Beep Sea Fishermen's union
and owners of halibut fishing vessels was held at Seattle to consider a working agreement between
the fishermen and the owners covering the wages of the men for
This conference adjourned on
Saturday evening, having reached
a tentative agreement which was
recommended by the representatives of the union to its various
branches for acceptance. As there
was-a division of opinion as to the
merits of this agrement a slight
modification was made early thi:
week, and this revised agreement
has now been sent to the locals
with the advice that the agreements
with tho various- operating companies
bo signed on tbe suggested* basis. *™ '
question is now being discussed.
The price to be paid the fishermen,
according to the agrement made last
week was 2 1-2 cents per lb. for haUbut
during December, January and February, and 2 cents for the balance of the
yoar and 114 cent for black cod all the
year round. 'The revision made early
this week provides that where black
cod makes up the greater part of a vessel's catch, tho price Bhall be 2 eents.
New Bate Means an Advance.
Tho agreement made in January, 1016
provided for a rate of 1 1-4 cents for
both halibut and cod. During tho year
this was modified by arrangement and
the price for halibut increased to 1 1-2
During last December the men mnde
a demand for 2 1-2 centB for all fish
during 1917. The owners replied with
an offer of 2 cents, and, aftor discussion by tho various locals, tho men
kept at work, pending a conference on
tho 1917 agreement, on tho basis of 2
cents for halibut and. 1 1-4 cents for
At tho Seattle conference tho Vancouver employers wore represented by Mr.
A. L. Hnger, the Vancouvor local of tho
employees, loaving their enso to the
headquarters representatives of the
union. The men renewed thoir demnnds
for 2\_ cont for both halibut and cod,
nnd this proposal was refused. A second proposal of tho mon that 2% cents
provail for six months of the year was
also refused.
After considerable discussion, tho
owners said tho best offer they could
make was 2% cents for halibut during
Decembor, January and February and
2 cents for the balanco of tho year,
with 1^4 cents for cod all tho year
The representatives of tho men endeavored to obtain better terms, but
the owners stated that they "gono tho
limit," without farther consultation
with their principals. As the offer represented what was considered to mean
increased pay for tho fishermen, it was
finally decided to recommend an agreement on the terms proposed,
Vancouver Local Objects,
The results of tho conference wero
telegraphed to Vancouver, Prince Rupert and Ketchikan with the suggestion
that thoy be accepted by tho locals. The
(Continued on pago 6)
What Measure of Sincerity Lies Back of the Pretensions of Those Who Are Furthering
the Scheme?—Is It Real National Service or Merely a Means to An End, and That
End a Profitable One for Certain Interests?—If it Is Not a Swindle Why
Should Its Boosters Be Vexed at Criticism?
THERE IS NO topic being more widely discussed at the present than that of "National Service," as
propounded by the Ottawa government. The tenji "National Service" hath a not unpleasant sound
to the average man of the street, but there are more than a few who are seriously questioning the
houafides of thc scheme that is being at present touted throughout Canada by small-calibre politicians
and pulpiteers of doubtful Christianity. And there is much to warrant the assumption that there are
motives behind the scheme that are far more sinister and dangerous to everything that is good in modern civilization, than could possibly bc wrapped up ih any scheme of genuine national service. It is
extremely doubtful if any person could be found in Canada who would for a moment offer any objection to a scheme of national service, if he was assured beyond all doubt that such a schoirc was not a
counterfeit, ov was not a hypocritical mask intended to cover some more sinister and baneful purpose.
A real national service must be of such a character as to conserve, and further the interests of all who
constitute the personnel of the nation. Either that or the nation must be considered to mean only that
part of its population which has an axe of its own to grind, and which induces the other part of the
population to turn the grindstone, under the specious pretense that in so doing it is perforating a
most praiseworthy "national service." If this latter conception is to be entertained, and it is being so
considered by not a few persons, it then becomes still more interesting from the fact that the axe is to
be applied to the necks of the grindstone turners themselves when it has been brought to a proper edge
bravely forth to fight in tho ranlfs of
Canada's army, while the bennotts staid
at home and tried to steal the credit
due them for their party-made military
heroes. Labor hns mado and is making
the munitions that go from this country
to the war; the Bennetts represent the
pay-triotic gentB who get a rake off on
ovory shell exported. When Canada haB
a government aB truly patriotic and
self-sacrificing aB its working people are
it will bo a very bad day for Mr. Bennett and the class he represents.
One Politician Spouts,
The columns of the daily press bring
the pleasing information   that   various
Jiolitical notables are busily engaged in
ambasting those who are so presumpti-
ous aB to question the merit of the '' national service" schemo of the Borden
government. TheBe are denounced as
"agitators against national service."
A political small-bore who at prosent
officiates as the premier of Manitoba,
as a result of one of those political accidents that are the chief incidents in
tho political history of Canada, has
boen raucously denouncing such "ngi-
tators" recently and declares that
they are unworthy of the name of
men, and should not be at liberty." No
better <ubc can be made of a little space
than by reproducing tne following
from a recent speech delivered by this
political accident:
'' These men who pass opinion
against the better judgment of the
leading men of the ten Allied armies
would pass into oblivion as slackers
of the first water," he stated. "In
this matter I speak plainly and in
speaking so have nothing to apologize for.
'' Men at the hoad of such organizations as are leading the movement
against the government have no right
to liberty and in the near futuro will
bo surprised at their own smallnoss.
They are not worthy of the name of
men. They wrangle about matters of
money. As I speak plainly on this
matter I speak plainly on the matter
of capital todny, and say that when
tho right time comes money also will
be divided.
"Theso men are doing the kaisor's
will just aB much as his armies,'' the
promier went on. "Thank God, they
are not allotted to do it". They aro
worthy of no othor names but traitors. They stand behind the hand that
assassinated Belgium, murdered
JJurse Cavelll and, performed other
brutal atrocities."
Such argument is so convincing. It
has ajch a ring of truth and is so indisputable and unanswerable in every
particular, that overy wicked "agitator
against national service" ought to go
and hang himself for his prcsumptious
disloyalty to those precious national interests that aro so earnestly longing for
his "sorvico" in this hour of peril.
That these national interests are principally those of munitions makers and
othor similar profiteers, who are tho
chief recipients of the Borden solicitude, by no moans detracts from the
heniousness of the offence of these
"agitators against national service,"
but rather accentuates it, for let it be
known that the glorious sun may no
longer shine in all of its effulgent glory
upon these munitions patriots once the
cruel war iB over. Henco it is the duty,
the first duty, of ever-loyal wooden-
heads to come to their aid while the sun
is at its zenith. That is if the aforesaid woodenhoad is loyal to that sort of
Beports of Officers Presage a Busy
Week for Trade Unionists
at Bevelstoke.
convention of the B. C. Feder*
ation of Labor convenes at Revelstoke one week from next Monday,
there will be a fairly representative
delegation from all parts of the province. Executive, presidential and
secretarial reports, now in the
hands of the printer, which will be
submitted to the delegates at the
convention opening,'assure a busy
week for the trade unionists in attendance. Secretary WoIIb wi^l leave
Victoria for Bevelstoke next Thursday, and will be joined by other
members of the executive a day or
two later. Despite the vicissitudes
of the organized labor movement in
British Columbia for the past three
years, the Federation is now in
good financial Btanding, and will be
able to show a balance on the right
side of the ledger. The affiliated
membership is again on the increase, and the prospects for the
coming yenr aro somewhat better
than for the paat' couple of years.
Every union throughout tho prov- ,
ince should mako an effort to be represented at the Revelstoke convention on the 29th.
'glance that neither Hoop or Darward
could be in any manner opposed to national service, inasmuch aB they have
been for some years in that service and
have not, as far as we know, made any
attempt to escape it. But it seems that
the national service of which they approve, and of which tney have been a
part for a number of years, is not the
type' of '' national service'' the Borden
government has in mind, and which
Hoop and Durward have evidently
criticised and disapproved. Which
{'again leads one to the inevitable conclusion that the Borden brand of '' national service," which is being so zealously and arbitrarily boosted, is a suspicious innovation bearing some sinister,
though perhaps hidden, significance.
The Ottawa government's affirmation
of itB genuinenesB, as witnessed by this
arbitrary dismissal of government employees who dare to criticize it, should
be quite sufficient to satisfy any one
who can be convinced by any argument
less potent and emphatic than a club,
When tbe War Ends.
When the war ends what will "national servico" do then! For now
comes tho cheering news, from London,
that when the war endB "from six to
eight million persons, now employed by
the government, representing half the
wage earners of the United Kingdom,
will have to be discharged." These
will not all be discharged at once, but
it is probable that within two months
after peace has been declared some two
or three million workerB will be turned
Will it be any different in Canada f
What are these discharged men to do?
Wijl Borden's sweet little scheme of
"national service" in any manner aid
them then!
Most decidedly notr ""*"—
There will be no furthor solicitude
manifested in regard to their loyalty,
They will bo promptly told to go and
shift for themselves as best they may.
No moro will tho welkin ring with
the oratory of cheap politicians and
equally chenp pulpiteers, denouncing
them as "slackerB and traitors," for
nntionnl service." And he Bhould be,
according to Premier NorriB of Manitoba. And what greater "national servico" could be rondored than that of
enabling munition workers and other
ronl patriots to harvest the ducats whilo
tho harvest iB ripe?
Affirming Its Genuineness. .,. , -- ■■     ■-#
m. .      -,,   ., .    .      .   ,       'the very good reason that all unem
Tho premier of Manitoba is not alone, ployed £orbkmon in times of peiice aro
however, in affirming the present merely nuisances, and that being their
schomo of "national service" to be the normal rating tho matter requires no
real thine. Thero are others, and tho extraordinary publicity,
loast of these is by no meanB the gov- j it then becomes the duty of editorial
ernment at Ottawa itself, as the follow- and platform windbags to cover up
ing will show: 'their nakedness, rather than to exposo
W. H. Hoop of Winnipeg is president it in the patriotic mnrket place,
of the Dominion Foderation of Letter j    And besides that, the patriotic mar-
Carriers, and B. Durward is the delegate ket is usually a dead one in times  of
from the local Letter Carriers' union peace,
of that city to tho TradeB and Labor, It ia only when the "dogs of wnr let
council. Both aro well known Winiii- loose are howling" that theso nuisances
pog poBtmen. Hoop has been, and is become transformed into "slackers and
now, an opponent of the "national ser- traitors."
vice" Bcheme being pUBhed forward by. In times of pence munition-makers
the Borden government. Presumably and other patriotic labor-skinners can
Durward is also opposed to that easily obtain all of tho labor thoy re-
scheme. Both have been susponded ojuire, without their friends resorting to
from, the postal servico by an order any faked-up schemes of "national Bor-
from Ottawa.   It would appear at first vice" in their aid.
May Decide to Restore Wages of Pre-war
Days—Building Trades Council Thoroughly Reorganized and the Officers Elected
VANCOUVER BUILDING Trades council is again on the map. For the past two or three years it has
had more than its share of troubles, even for a Labor organization. With the cessation of the building boom of former years a large number of the various crafts affiliated were forced to seek a
new stamping ground. Certainly more than 5000 building tradesmen were compelled to leave Vancouver during the past three years. For the past few months, however, the building trades' have been looking up a little. Both the carpenters' locals have been pushing an organization campaign for some
weeks, with splendid results. Now the other trades nre following suit. At last mcctinjr delegates were
present from the Painters, Lathers, Electrical Workers, Plasterers, Carpenters, Structural Iron Workers
and Laborers.
Ee-affiliate with B. T. D. of A. F. of L. jhold a mass-meeting of building trades-*
of the important decisions of »en on Sttturdftf   WMi»fc
tho    meoting     ~     t*     -affiliate Every   wageworkor   engaged
was to ro-nffiliatc
with tho Building Trades Department
of the A. P. of L. Secretary Midgley
reportod tho following organizations affiliated locally: Carpenters (Broker-
hood), Carpenters Amalgamated), Electrical Workers, Plumbers, Plasterers,
Lathors, Sheot Metal Workers, Statural Iron WorkerB, Lnborcrs, Painters,
Steam Engineers.
Election of Officers.
Following wore the officers elected for
the ensuing term:
President—Del. W. J. Nagle, acclamation.
■Del. Surges.
V. It. Midgley,    ac-
branch of the building trndes sho-uld attend.
Morrison,  acclnmn-
clam ation.
Meeting Nights and Per Capita.
The regular meeting night hereafter
was fixed for the second and fourth
Tuesdny of tho month. The por capita
tax was placed at 6 conts por member
per month.
Will Hold Mass-meeting Feb. 3.
For the purposo of discussing trade
conditions generally and to tako what
ever action seems necessary ns n result
of the Burvey, the Council decided   to,
SUNDAY, Jan. 21—
MONDAY-, Jan. 22—Amalgamated Engineers; Patent Makors;
U. B. Carpentors; Electrical
Workers; Street Rallwaymen's
TUESDAY, Jan. 23—Barbors;
Machinists; Bro. Locomotive
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 24—Streot-
rallwaymen; PreBB Feeders
THURSDAY, Jan. 25—Machinists; Milk Wagon Drivers.
FBIDAY, Jan. 26—
SATURDAY, Jan. 27—
Credentials  Sent  to Secretary  Wells
Show Delegates from AU
Parts of Province.
VICTORIA, Jan. 18.—(Long Distance
Phono  to  Tho  Federationist.)— Secrotary A. S. Wells of the B. C. Foderation
of Labor, reports that the indications
fnr a good ntendana* at the Rovolstoko
convention aro excellent.   Credentials,
whieh are now coming in daily, show
that   grent   iiitcros*   Is   being   tnken
throughout the province in the coming
meeting.   From Vancouvor Island alone
18 delegates will bo present.
Strong Local With Over a Hundred
Members for Pender Harbor.
The herring fishermen operating ln
the vicinity of Pondor Harbor are now
discussing organization and hnve already held sevoral meetings at which
the plan was approved, Mr. Leonard
j Mornett of Donley's Landtag has been
| acting as secretary for the men and a
letter of enquiry from him Intimates
| that In the near future a nourishing
| local of over 100 members will be organized at the point.
Vancouver, B. O.
Business Agent of Deep Sea Fishermen's Union, with headquarters in
Vancouver. The membership have
been negotiating a new working
agrement during the past week, with
the operating companies along tho
Question Will Be Discussed
at Open Meeting Next
Tuesday Night
Movement for Trades Union
Said to Be Stronger
Than Ever
ON NEXT TUESDAY evening there
will be held in the Labor Temple a
mass meeting of all the retail fltoro
clerks of Vancouvor, before which will
be placed a comprehensive report of tho
committee which hns, during tho past
month boen gathering particulars as to
the best methods of securing united ac
tion on tho part of the thousands of
men and women engaged in this line for
their joint protection and for tlieir mutual benefit.    ,
Some yenrs ngo there wns in Vancouvor a strong orgnnizntion of retail store
clerks, which working hand in hand
with tho central labor organization, obtained for its membership concessions
which were greatly to thoir benefit, tho
results of which the clerks of today still
enjoy. In viow of tho excellent work
achieved by this organization, tho report which will bo presented to the
meeting of next Tuesdny night, will be
that the old organization be revived,
nnd that tho clorks, working In affiliation with tho Trades and Labor council,
effect an organization which will hold
for their line what thoy have already
gained, nnd also ennble them to present
a strong nnd united front in the futuro
in connection with measures which will
tend to bettor their standing.    ■*•
Present Organization Weak.
At tho present timo there is an orgnnization of the retail clerks which is
operating nlong lines independent of
other branches of organized labor. The
leaders of this organization huve during
the past fow weeks taken tho initiative
in tho movemont which will bc given
n vigorous boost on Tuesdny ovening,
nnd securo a charter for a local of tho
International Retnil Clerks' orgnnizntion. In doing this, they hnvo acted
nlong the lines of experience of their
follows iu other sections whero it hns
beon proved thnt the only way in which
thc rotnil clerks enn obtnin and hold advantages whicli they desire is to no-
tivoly join the ranks of organized lubor.
In connection with tho presentation
of tho committee's report, addresses
will bo given by locnl labor officials, bb
woll ns explanations by officials of the
clerkB' of tho present organization of
the reasons for recommending tho new
Prospects for Union Are Bright.
"I think the prospects wero nevor
brighter thnn at presont for tho organization of n real live union of tho rotnil
clerks of Vancouvor," snid C. D. Bruce,
who, as president of the clerks' present
orgnnizntion, has been very nctivo in
working for tho best interests of his
fellow employees. "I know thnt I nm
being nppronchod every dny by men
and womon concerning the organization
of our union, whom I am satisfied would
not hnvo listened to mo threo months
ngo had I appronclied them nn the subject. Of course, thero is a reason for
this condition. We now hnve our half-
holidny, nnd thnt wns n definite gain.
It forms a centre of benefit around
which wo cnn gather and from which
we can work. Uf course, a lorgo dumber of tho clerks aro greatly disappointed nt tho recent poll which substituted
Wednesday for Saturday on this half.
holiday, but oven then, wo liavo the
weekly concession nnd I think that we
should 'unite to at least hold what we
'Ab to the futuro of the organization, I hnvo no views for publication,"
continued Mr. Bruce. "Whnt I nm now
seeking is tho enrolment of a ronreson-
tntive showing of tho clerks in tne now
local. Whon thnt haa boen dono, it will
bo timo enough to plnn for future work.
I know thore hns beon rnnsidontblo talk
nbout a 44-hour week, a minimum wage,
etc. All those matters cnn, I think, be
left over fnr futuro consideration.
What wo want now, above all clso, Is to
Charge That Action on Re-
, gistration Is Traitorous Is Denied
Trades and Labor Council
Elect Officers for Ensuing Term
AT THE meeting of the Van-
eouver Trades and Labor
council last evening, a resolution was passed calling upon R.
B. Bennett, M. P., and Premier
Norris of Manitoba to either substantiate or make public apology
for their statements, as reported
in the press, to the effect that citizens and members of labor organizations who opposed the registration plan of the National Servioe
commission were guilty of traitorous conduct, and with being in the
pay of Germany. As one of the'
Labor organizations/ which opposed the plan, the Vancouver council denied the reported charges,
and considered that they should
either be substantiated through prosecution or a proper apology be made.'
Tho council debated at length a resolution of Del. Wight, which directed the
delegates to the B. C. Federation of
Labor to endeavor to strike out the rale
whirth prevented a delegnte being elected from trades councils to the Federation meetinga unless this person belonged to a union which was affiliated with
the Federation. In the end the resolution went down to defeat by a vote of
13 to 30.
Election of Offlcen.
The election of officers for the ensuing term resulted as follows: President,
J. H. McVety; vice-president, F. A.
Hoover; general secretary, V. Midge-
ley; secretary-treasurer, F. Knowles;
Bergeant-at-nrmB, 0. Harrison; statistician, W. H. Cotterill; trustees, A. J.
Crawford, B. Bigby and J. Campbell.
All the offices were filled without contest   except   that   of   vice-president, ■
where Del. Hoover was opposed by Del.
The council unanimously adopted a
resolution which expressed strong idi-
approval of the plan of the Salvation
Army to bring "war widows" from the
Old Country to Canada, it being pointed out that such a plain'was directly '
opposed to the best interests of the Do*
minion, in whatever form it might be
The council considored two clauses of
tho proposed new constitution. On the
propositi to reduce tbe representation
from the unions, the report was rejected, nnd it was decided to adhere to the
bnsis previously prevailing.
On tho question of tho advance of the
per enpita tax from 10 to 15 cents per
quarter, there was a long and vigorous
debate. Tho final decision was in favor
of the increnso, but nlso carried the
suggestion that a committee visit the
unions und explain that tho advance
was absolutely necessary in order that
thc council might properly attend to its
work of organization, etc. Del. Kelly,
Midgoley and McVety were appointed
for this work.
Active Organization Work.
After the three applications for affiliation with the council had been favorably acted upon, President McVety said
that the Bridge and Structural Iron
Workers and several other organizations would seek affiliation shortly. He
also stated that tho jitney drivers were
proposing to organize a union, which
would seek affiliation. Ho had addressed
theso mon, and stated that tho council
Mould not assist in thoir efforts unless
tho members observed a limitation of
hours of labor so as to put them on a
par with other union men with whom
they would come in practical competition. Tho meeting directed n committeo
to proceed with the orgnnizntion plnns,
but nothing further bad been heard
from tho jitney men.
A letter from tho provincinl authori-
(Continucd on page 2)
get together und presont a united front.
Once this is accomplished wo can tulk
ovor the questions which concern us
particularly, and tuke such uction us
the majority desiro. I think it would
bo unwise to bnse the organization of
tho union on any stated campaign. Onco
wo got together nnd are able to discuss
our nfTnirs on a businoss basis, wo cnn
go into these larger quostions as woll as
a number of smaller matters which I
understand will como up."
General View of Clerks.
Another retnil clerk who was interviewed, said thut previous to tho half-
holiday vote of last week, he had not
favored the clerks organizing on a
trades union bnsis. "Now," he said,
"I am thoroughly convinced that wo
must mako some move of tho kind. I
believo that tho defeat of tho Saturday
half-holiday will do more to iaterost tho
clerks in tho movemont than anything
oIbo. Speaking for myself and others,!
would say that this poll taught us the
necessity of a good strong orgnnization.
And when I sny au'ornunizntion I mean
one which keeps working nil tho year
round. This idea of getting up an association when wo want something definite, and then dropping the organization aftor wo think we have gained
what wc want Is all 'rot.' As clerks
we must got together and elToct a permanent orgnnizntion which works constantly and in harmony with employees
in other lines. Thnt, to my mind, is the
only way wo will ov«r hang on to what
wc already hnve or gain anything additional. ''
Cnsunl conversation by a representative of Tho Fedorationist with clorks in
the retail Btoros, both men and womon,
indicates thnt thero is behind tho movement for tho organization of a union
grout strongth nnd a strong feeling exists that the present is the proper timo
for tho movement to take snape. PAGE TWO
..January 19, 1917
Assets  $73,000,000
Deposits'  54,000,000
Household Banking
in The Bank of Toronto bave been
■found by many to be a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in tho names of husband
and wife, and eitbet may deposit
or withdraw money. Intorest is
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid-up capital    6,000,000
Ecsorve Fund     6,500,000
Published ev.ry Friday morning by the B. O.
Federationipt, Limited      _^v%_
iTpamTpettlplece .Manager
oScepEoom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription:   »1.50 pi*r year;   In Vancouver
City. $2.00;  to unions eubscribing
in a body, $1.00
Now WmtmlnUer W. Yates. Box 1021
Princo Ruport S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria...... A. 8. Wella. Box   1538
'Unity ot labor: the Hope ot the World'
either the government at Ottawa or its; that!   When that scheme of national
apologists and spokesmen elsewhere.
They prate of "National Service," but
do nothing that could poBSibly be construed as even leading in its direction.
And every hour the needs of a real national service becomes more peremptory.
Senseless chatter and bombastic gab
get us nowhere. Let us have some*, "T1™ -FINANCIAL editor of the Fed-
thing done, even though perchance it be 1 "ationist pleads guilty to the
the wrong thing. If it is the wrongi '""""go of knowing nothing about
thing the people of Canada may bo lu"ull><>' We have never made any pre*
trusted to down it.  That is what is evi
servico is up for the judgment of men,
it can and will be backed up by arguments that appeal to the reason of men.
Its advocates, will not be compelled to
sink to the level of cheap noise and the
parading of equally cheap bugaboos.
Malleable   Bulges,   Shelf   ud
Heavy Hardware! screen floon
and window!.
2337 MAIN ST. Phones .Fair. 447
You nae your telephone!   YeB.
Do you use it for more than ordinary
purposes I Do you use it to save
yourself time, trouble and money t
Do you realise that It is Just as easy
to telephone anywhere as lt is to telephone down-town t
Just tell Central whom you want, and
at what hour you would like to talk.
We will do the rest.
Take advantage of the special night
ratea after 7 p. m.
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vaneoaver.
We WUl Make Terms to
Suit You
Come In and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture is
British Columbia.
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
OaNulM VhImIIU Means
«:*«, 7:ao, CM    season's Meu:
     Ud   lvanlm.  Ho.  Me.
Broadway Theatre
Comer Main and Broadway
IU lijbnrban House Beautiful
Whin tht whole family foes
Sou-Van Milk
Pair. 2624
Unloa Delivery
JobMni Work a Specialty
Phone Sey. 136 and Res. Bay. 77
1033 OEANVILLE ST., Vancouver
Vancouver Pickle Co.
ask for
Highland 21   Factor 801 Powell
Labor Temple Press    Sey. 4400
Refined Service
One Blook weit of Court Houit.
Uie of Modern Chapel snd
Funeral   Parlors   free   to  all
Telephone Sermour 2426
FRIDAY .January 19, 1917
THE PEOPLE of this Dominion have
been plentifully regaled during recent months with endless gabble
about "National Servico." But it appears to have been nothing but gabble.
Beyond tho touting
PATIENCE IS of politicians and
NO LONGER othor platform gab-
A VIRTUE. liters,    and    the
pcnny-n-liao piiTlo
of editorial pundits, nothing is done.
National service, either real or bogus,
remains the same as it was before the
war, a sort of an iridescent pipe dream.
That tho war haa brought forth the
need of a national servico of the widest
imaginable scope, nono will deny. To
successfully cope with the situation and
bring the war to a satisfactory conclusion with the least possible cost in human life and treasure, demands a national 'unity, a national sacrifice and a
national service that is purged of the
base and sordid motive of commercial
activity, and untainted by even, the suspicion of loot, plunder, personal gain
and personal aggrandizement. That the
government at Ottawa is entirely incapable of rising to the occasion, is one
of the surest things upon the map of
fate. That it is without a vision beyond the narrow confines of the profit-
hungry interests that are waxing fat
upon the juicy stream of blood that
flows from the altar upon which is being
sacrificed the bone and sinew of the nation's best, is plain to he who cares to
mnke note of it. That this precious
government- has neither the will, the
spirit nor the courage to draw even one
fang from the slavering jaws of the
beast of profit, that has gone mad with
the lust of plunder afforded by this human holocaust, is one of the most outstanding facts of present Canadian history.
* *       *
Not a sprag has been put in the
wheels of the profit hungry horde that
has so nobly and patriotically risen to
the occasion and taken due advantage
of the opportunity to gainfully fish in
the turgid and bloody waters of
world's agony. This vile horde is licensed to go the limit In the game of grab
while tho grabbing is good, and the
only penalty inflicted by the government is the addition of a few pennies to
the tax as levied upon the game during
times of peaee. The same sort of thing
used to be practiced by the church during the middle ages. It was then termed
the sale of "indulgences."
* *      *
There is ample opportunity afforded
upon every hand for the inauguration
of a real national service. Every munition factory 1q Canada should be at onee
taken under the hand of the Dominion,
henceforth to be held and operated as
national property, for the specific purpose of producing suoh things as the nation might require, without the producers of the nation being compelled to fatten, u at present, a lot of hungry and
useless blood-suckers and proflt pirates.
Every industry producing the necessaries of life upon which all people depend for their existence, is part and
parcel of that which is requisite to the
prosecution of war and should, there'
fore, be embodied in the category of
Munition industries None should be exempt. If former owners are left destitute because of their proflt grafts being
taken from them, they might be given
easy jobs in the shops they once lorded
over nnd thought they owned. If they
are absolutely useless—and the most of
them are—it would even then be far
cheaper to pension them off than to
keep them by the process now in vogue,
A. pension no less than that which they
now so generously bestow upon their
old nnd broken-down slaves ought to
amply satisfy thom, inasmuch as they
furnish the precedent themselves.
* *      *
Not only munition makers, but mine
owning companies, bnnks nnd other
profit grabbing concerns are jubilantly
boasting of the greatly increased profits
they nro making since the war brought
its dehige of blood and carnage to on1
gulf tho world. Every dollar of profit
thus made is one more dollnr of war
cost heaped upon tho nation, nnd which
the future is supposed to eventually
make good. The Federationist, though
not setting itself up as the supreme
authority on morality, can conceive of
nothing more low, mean and vile; more
disgustingly unmoral and sordidly vulgar than the gathering of plunder from
tho horror and ghastlincss of wnr. But
tfseems that this can be and is dono by
good Christian gentlemen—at loast they
say they arc all that—who lordly brag
about it nnd from the very housetops,
as it were, proclaim to the world tho
immensity of their swag. And let it be
also noted tnat those eminently pntriotic boosters and boasters, whilo they
virtually gather their loot from the
batlcfield, do so from some safe place
far, far behind the lines where dangers
never reach. The vulture and tho buzzard, lesB cautious, gather their tribute
from the actual field itself. Further
comment is unnecessary.
* *      *
All of theBe things prevail and not
even a word of protest is hoard from
dently happening to the Borden scheme
of "National Service." But an ever-
increasing number of people in Canada
are becoming tired of packing the
heavy load of war, and the conscienceless und profit hungry bunch of patriotic parasites and leeches on top of it,
tenBe to knowing anything about it. We
have   always   been
GLEANING content    to   accept
FINANOIAL the  pronouncements
KNOWLEDGE.      of financial experts
as the law and  the
gospel in all matters relating to either
cash or credit, and have never pretend
ffar is over and the patient is recovering from the war dope, that is again assuming the normal, there will be a tale
of human misery to tell that will dwarf
all previous narratives along that line
that have ever been told.
wages is to keep all the rest of the population.
The common people are patient. All ed to understand the mechanism of tho
history proves that. But at some time fi«a««al game or its underlying prin-
this patience will give out. It looks "ip^ if 9 has any. If wo require in-
as though that time is near at formation regarding the ills and affile
hand    and    we    hono    it    is.     Un-. tions of the horse we consult a horso
hope    it
der the prevailing circumstances patience can no longer bo termed a virtue.
Thore aro many indications that I ho
presont govornment will moot with its
repudiation when another election
comes along and it ought to be repudiated for.its truckling servility to profit interests in the face of this war menace, if for nothing else.
WHENEVER THE advocate of
any cause is compelled to reBort
to personal abuse, inunendo and
accusations of moral turpitude or ulterior motives against his opponents, in
order to bolster up
his cause, no further evidence need be
required to prove
its weakness and
lack of worth. There are thousands of
people in Canada who are, without
doubt, sincerely and earnestly opposed
to tho so-called scheme of "National
Service" now being put forward by the
Ottawa government. Any amount of
valid argument has been put up, and is
still offered by such opponents, that
cannot be overthrown or pushed aside
by all the abuse and ridiculous assertions of those who havo nothing better
to offer. The Federationist not only
does not approve of the Borden "National Service" scheme, but is prepared
to go the limit in defeating it and substituting for it a National Service, that
beyond all shadow of doubt, would be
a gonuine national aorvice, for it would
at least be clear of all taint and suspicion of being merely a cover and mask
for those sinister and baneful interests
in present society that are now battening and fattening at the expense of the
nation's agony and travail. There are
many arguments and reasons that may
be, and are being offered againat the
proposed scheme of "service," that by
no stretch of the sane imagination could
be construed aB carrying with thom
even the germs of disloyalty to the British Empire. And yet the most weighty
and convincing argument that has as
yot been offered by the most brilliant
advocates of this scheme, in order to
confuse and confound those who are
opposed to it, is that stale old accusation of either being "pro-German" or
in some way under the influence of that
particular malady or goblin, whichever
it may be.
♦ **'*
It appears that a somewhat heated
controversy is going on at Winnipeg an-
ent this "National Service" matter. It
is alao particularly noticeable that all
of the partisans of the scheme from tho
premier of the province to the Veterans'
association and the sky pilots are relying almost entirely upon the virtue of
the "pro-German" bugaboo to sustain
their end of the controversy. The same
tendency may also be noted at Edmonton, Alta,, and other plnces where the
controversy has waxed sufficiently
fierce to compel both sides to unsheath
their most deadly weapons. In spite of
these silly accusations, there are many
among ub that even believe it possible
for a person to hold views divergent to
those held by the advocates of so-called
"National Service," and still maintain
a far more sane, healthy and commendable loyalty to the British Empire and
tho cause of the Entento Allies, than
that type of loyalty and patriotism that
relies almost wholly upon bald assertion and the pointing of the finger of
"pro-German" frightfulness at others
in ordor to avouch for its own virtue.
The Federationist actually believes
that were the gentle Nazarene to again
appoar here upon earth, even now in
this time of war and pasBion, ho might
declare Himself in favor of peace forthwith, without giving decent and clean
thinking people nny warrant for questioning the purity of His motives or
casting any reflections upon His integrity and nobility of character. But The
Federationist is painfully aware that a
multitude of noisy patriots, from Winnipeg both east and west, would at
once set up the cry of "pro-German,"
"traitor." "Ho is doing tho Kaiser's
will," and nothing short of a miracle
would save evon the Savior Himsolf
from being crucified, hanged, drawn
and quartered in tho name of "liberty,
freedom, democracy" and "National
* *       *
A national service worthy of the
name will call to its support overy last
man in tho community, outBido of thoso
whose opportunity for loot would be
thus cut off and whoso propensity for
knavery could no longer be turned into
cash. No scheme of real national servico will ovor lack for adhorcnts and
champions, once that schemo ia duly sot
forth so that it may be clearly understood. That scheme will call for the
best efforts of all and solely for the
common good, and it will not matter
whether .the call be made through the
necessities of war or poace. And what
porson deserving of thc good opinion of
his fellows can offer valid objection to
doctor, and if we want our shoe half-
soled we go to u shoemaker. By tho
same token we go to the financial experts for our instruction along the line
of things financial. And whore could
one bettor look for financial wisdom
than from those who make the financial
game their life study and thoir lifo
work? Therefore the Fedorationist always goes direct to the bankers for tho
necessary inspiration whenever it deems
the moment opportune to pass chunks
of financial wisdom along to its read
* *       *
Ono of the great chartered banks of
Canada recently issued its annual report to shareholders. The Federationist
feels sure that this report contains not
only much illuminating knowledge relating to the financial game, but also
a generous measure of wholesome nd-
vice as to the virtuo of saying and
economizing in order to either buy war
bonds upon your own account or put
your money in the bank so that that disinterested eleemosynary institution
might be able to do it. One reason
why tho Federationist feels so sure
about it arises from the fact that the
News-Advertiser of this city devotes
nearly a column to editorial approval of
the matter set forth in the report. So
it must be good. There is no doubt
about that.
* *      *
Some of the interesting and illuminating things in the report, however,
the News-Advertiser overlooked. While
it approvingly referred to the large
sum paid by the bank as war tax on
circulated, and to the generous amounts
given to patriotic and other worthy
funds and purposes, no mention was
made of the $1,500,000 combed off by
the shareholders as dividends, in
turn for which it does not appear that
they rendered any service whatever,
either "national" or otherwise. It may
also be noted that after all of the pntriotic and dividend payments had been
made, there was the tidy little Bum of
$802,319.90 still left out of the year-»
profit, and a year of war at that.
* *      *
By far the beBt part of the report in
question, however, is embodied in that
part of it devoted to sage" advice
against extravagant expenditure, and
homlletie discourse upon the virtue of
saving money for the purpose of buying war bonds. "We repeat," says thn
report, "that every dollar any Cana
dian saves, whether he buya a war
bond therewith or indirectly enables the
banks to do so, is one dollar more of
power to win the war, and that one
dollar no one else can provide if he
fails to do so" It rather looks to one
not versed in financial lore that it
would really make no difference whether a given individual bought a war bond
or spent hiB dollar for some other purpose. In the latter case he would be
merely affording some other person the
opportunity of purchasing a war bond,
by placing tho dollar in his hands
wherewith to make the purchase. In
such case some one «lse could como
through with the dollar that he had,
foolishly, perhaps, expended for such
trash aB food, clothing or picture
shows, instead of patriotically buying
war bonds to the tune of one slmoleon,
At leaat that Ib the way it looks to ono
who fully realizes that he is sadly de
ficient in financial understanding. But,
in all fairness, we muat confess that
though we persistently glean in tho
fields of the financial authorities of the
times, we do not seem to gather a bountiful harvest, and what we do get appears to be mostly chaff. Great financial magnates do not really appear to
know much more abont their own speciality than, tho common and unlettered
plug of the street This ie very dls
couraging Indeed, for if sound knowledge upon matters financial cannot be
obtained from those who profess to
know, and whose life work has been in
dealing with cash and credit, how cnn
wo expect to obtain it from those who
have had but little experience with the
formor and none with the latter! The
only comforting assurance we can find
lies in tho indisputable fact tbat some
of the greatest financial authorities and
magnates in the world qre at the same
time the greatest jokes that over camo
down the turnpike of time, And that
is no joko, .cither.
There is much severe comment
heard in Winnipeg on the exceptional treatment accorded Thomas
Kelly, contractor, serving a three-
year term at Stony Mountain penitentiary by officials of that institution. Kelly haB had the inspector's
suite fitted up with easy chairs and
other comforts, meals are sent to
him, he has not boen embarrassed
by a prison haircut, and ho wears
clothes of tailor cut.—Daily press
news item.
IT WOULD bo interesting to know who
I is making tho "severe comment,'
and what thero is to kick about
anyway. If our memory is not at fault,
tho culprit mentioned was found guilty
of nothing more seri-
WHAT IS ous than merely dim-
ALL THE blo-crossing the  bal-
KICK ABOUT? ance of that interesting aggregation of
human talent that goes to mako up tho
modern business world. True it is that
he snenkod perhaps an inordinately
largo sharo of tho luBcious profit thnt
comes originnlly from the unpaid toll
and sweat of tho working people who
aro deftly separated from that whieh
they produce by, means of tho wage
triqk. That is, ho sneaked it from his
fellow business men. Not thnt they
would not havo grabbed it, either by
fair means or foul, had they got the
chance, but as ho got away with it
thoso who got left nt the game, of course
feel deeply aggrieved thereat. Probably tho "sovere comment" mentioned
comes from some equally honest members of the tribe of business, who feel
The total railroad casualties in the
United States during 1910 were only
6900 killed and 08,700 wounded. This
is a slight increase oyer the figures for
1915, but it should be remembered that
business all around was considerably
better during 1916 than in 1915.
"Japanese workmen wear on tlieir
caps an inscription stating tbeir business and employer's name," says an
exchange. Well, what of it? We
know of no logical reason why a slave
should not bear some mark whereby
hiB owner might be located, or hts
slave be Identified. We prefer, however, the ear slit as an identification
mark. It Ib not so readily hidden as
the brand upon the flank, and not so
easily lost as a cap.
The entire wool clip of Now Zealand
and Australia has been purrchascd by
tho British government. It amounts to
about two million bales, and the price
reached close to two hundred million
dollars. The wool growers will receive
tho entire price paid by the British govornment Iobb a small chargo for handling. The middleman has boen as completely cut out as has beon flio caso
with that worthy ia connection with the
Australian wheat crop. But that sort of
thing looks altogether too much like
confiscation to suit tho wise Canadian
wheat farmer and wool grower. Ho is
a groat stickler for fostering individual
initiative and fattening everybody's interests but his own. He wouldn't enjoy
lifo unless somebody was rubbing it into
him good and plenty. He is a wise gay,
he is.
Elected Officere at Laet Meeting ana
Organize   Membership  Campaign.
Milk Wagon DriverB* Union, No. 96, .
afflliated with the International'
Brotherhood of TeamBtera, is still
alive and kicking. At their meeting
last week the members elected officers
for the ensuing term, as follows:
President, C. Vates; vice-president, F.
Brooks; secretary-treasuer, Stanley
Tiller; recording secretary, S. L. Gray;
conductor, J. Emmett; warden, T.
Crawford; delegate to Trades and Labor council, F. Errington; trustees,
Messrs. Errington, Magnone and S.
Harlsp. Trade unionists are reminded
to aak for the Union Button worn by
union milk drivers.
Mr Chas. M. Schwab, of the Bethlehem Steel works and other concerns,
referring to the buslneas of shell making in the United States, says that not
the money alone but the thrill that
comes of succesaful accomplishment
drives men to these great enterprises.
"Drives" la good in this connection,
but the statement nevertheless sheds
that they havo been'denied access to * Sft?.£J**Jf" Sdi^r"T™'
,   .. .   .   .. .    iit seems that not money or patriotism
In spite of tho fact that the year 1916
was marked by the greatest industrial
activity that tho United States ovor ex-
oerienced, the army of unemployed was
still1 strongly in ovidenco, oven in the
greatest industrial statos. On Juno 30,
1916, 7358 union men nnd women woro
unemployed in the chief cities of Massachusetts This was 4.2 per cent, of the
total momborship of tho unionfl. Capitalist industry, even when doped to thc
very limit with tho cocaine of wnr profits, cannot provido for the necessities
of its slaves, by affording them all an
opportunity to work and live. When the
"easy chairs and other comforts," because of Kelly's superior cleverness ut
the business game.
* *      *
The Federationist has no time to
waste, however, in "severe comment"
upon any member of tho business fraternity who displays keener sagacity
and cleverness than the rest in playing
the thimble-rigging game. If there are
any whineB and squawks in the way of
"severe comment" and criticism to be
indulged in, that job shall bo left to
those cheap gamblers who are only
'qualified to sniffle when they do not
win. If we were inclined to in any way
censure Kelly, it would be for the stn
of being so crude in his work as to bo
caught with the goods on him. In that
particular ho orrod. Had it not been so
he might now be enjoying "eaBy chairs
and other comfortB" outside of the
penitentiary, instead of within it. He
would not then bo subject to the "b>
vere comment" of other "buBiness
gentlemen. Not having been guilty of
nny breach of business ethics, in such
a case, there could be nothing of rouse
the critical ire of the other memberB of
his tribe.
* *      #
Surely no member of the working
claBB can be so soft aB to borrow trouble
because Kelly is now enjoying "easy
chairs and other comforts'' in jail. The
things that he is now enjoying in jail
are what all successful businesa men
enjoy, no matter whether it be inside of
the penitentiary or on the. outside of its
sheltering walls. These "easy chairs
and other comforts'' are what the
workers do not enjoy while they are outside of the "pen," nor yet while incarcerated within it. So it is practically
none of their business anyway. It is
their business to produce these things
for the Kelly a and their precious ilk to
enjoy, and let those worthies take their
own chances as to whether they enjoy
them in jail or out. Whichever way
they do it Bhould be equally satisfactory and fully as profitable to the hon
est sons of toil. This is not the placo,
nor yet the timo to shed tears of anguish over the misfortunes of business
gentlemen who have perchance been
caught in the net of tbeir own lack ol
foresight in not getting safely away
with the plunder, without leaving incriminating tracks behind.
* *      *
BesideB, no working people ever lose
anything because businoss men double-
cross oach other, any more than do thoso
who are robbed in any other manner,
suffer any furthor loss becauso those
who rob them fail to equitably divide
the plunder among themselves, Kelly
need lose no Bleep over any "sovere
comment" levelled at him by his business associates in the oold cold world
outBide the penitentiary. Far better
thnt he ponder well the mistakes of thc
past, to the end that when he shall have
served his timo and returns to once
more take his place in the business
world, he may be hotter equippod to
steer clear of the pitfalls of misfortune
and make a clean get-away should the
doors of golden opportunity ever swing
upon thoir hinges for him again. And
why should not his opportunity come
again? In spite of his mistake in getting caught, he is possessed of business
instinct and aptitude of altogether too
high an order to be long kept in the
background. The Federationist confidently oxpects to at some time give tho
world the thrilling story of "How
Kelly Came Back." And whnt will the
authors of ."severe commont" be doing
then, poor things? Still whining, still
whining, because some one else is enjoying "easy chairs and other corn-
forte." Why, of course, thoro aro no
"classes" in Canadnl
Street Railwayman of Ohio Will Press
For State Legislation on 8ubjeot.
The street railwaymen of Ohio are
putting up a vigorous flght for state
legislation which will secure for them
an eight-hour day. A conference of representatives of locals from all parts
of the state was recently held at
Cleveland, International Preaident
Mahon being present, when the proposal waB discussed. Draft legislation
waa prepared which demands an eight-
hour day, to be completed within 10
hours, on all street railways ln Ohio
as well as regulations governing the
Installation of brakes and the provision of seats for motormen and conductors.
—so often synonymous in the Dominion—inspired our profiteers, but ennuit
deadly ennui, threatened them and the
war with its thrilling business of making shells at colossal profits rescued
them from the blues at the psychological moment. Henceforth shell making
should rank with those other famous
tonics, Peruna and Duffy'B Malt WMb-
key.—Ottawa Citizen.
"Any people anywhere, being inclined nnd having the power, havo the right
to rise up and shako off existing government, and form a new one that suits
them better. ThiB is a most valuable, a
most sacred right—a^ right which we
hope and believo, is to liberate tho
world. Nor is this right confined to
enses in which tho whole people of an
existing government may choose to exorcise it. Any portion of such people that
can may revolutionize, and make their
own, of so much of the territory as they
inhabit. More than this, a majority of
any portion of such people may revolutionize, putting down a minority, intermingled with, or neur about them, who
may oppose their movements. Such minority was precisely the case of the
Tories in the United StateB revolution.'
—From speech made in the House of Representatives by Abraham Lincoln, Feb.
12, 1848.
(Continued from page 1)
tios dealt with tho council's complaint!
ro the violation of the Fnctories Act bjjr
Vancouver laundrloB, A report from"
Provincial Inspector Gordon stated thatl
laundries were deemed public utilities!
rnther thnn factories, and as Buch werel
entitled to "discretionary" treatment J
Secretary Midgeley and President Mc-|
Vety classed tho inspector's report aal
evasive, and the wholo matter was re-1
ferred for further investigation.
An invitation to the council to Bend
delegates to a meoting of the Vancoul
ver Recruiting league, at which the!
question of dissolving the movement!
would be discussed. The invitation was!
filed although Del. Trotter suggested!
that Labor interests might attend the!
meeting and present their views on the]
President McVety stnted thnt the re-1
plies of the railways engaged in the!
False Creek development as to the eraJ
ployment of Asiatics and re Saturday!
afternoon work, had not been satisfacl
tory. He intended to again demand fon
strict conformity with the railways']
agreements, aB far as the interests oft
Labor were concerned. The president!
nlso reported that it was intended to!
approach the harbor commission withr
reference to the work of longshoremen]
and other lines on the now govornment!
wharf,   s
I Fire Ute
Insurance tSZ
000 Blehardl Stmt     817. 4434
The mines at Fertile are still Idle,
The men refuse to return until the
matters in dispute are settled. This
refusal is in spite ot the efforts of
their officers to Induce them to again
take up their tools. The Ottawa government, In the person of Crothers,
Minister of Ubor, clucks around like
the old lien that Bat so long on a china
doorknob that she thought she had
hatched a brood of chickens. The
miners are trying to get conditions
that will admit of their being able to
at least live while they work. Of
course the poor coal companies cannot
afford to pay wages enough to Insure
that. And so one row after 'another
Is tlie logical result. Nothing short of
this can come out of the present regime of property. There can be no
peace until the mines and other dominant Industries become the property
ot the nation and production Is carried on for use, Instead of for profit,
as at present.
Tlio sixth session of the twelfth
parliament of Canada begun yesterday
at Ottawa. It should be the last session before a general election,
According to tho United States Department of Labor, there are 80,000,000
wnge-onrners ln that country. And all
thoy have to do besides working for
Russia is ono of "our allies." The
following, taken from a "circular order
of Gen. Alexeyev's to the chiefs of police," should be of especial valuo to us
as it throws an interesting sidelight
upon the character of at least ono of
"our allies" in this glorious struggle
for "civilization and liborty."    •     *
'' The police nnd the local administration must investigate and keep track of
how the Jews live, and what they do
and what they say to each other. In
cose of the least suspicion, a Jew should
bo tried by court-mwtial. In oase it
turns out ot the trial that there is no
incriminating ovidenco whatsoever
against him, tho defendant shall be exiled to Slboria." Just what punishment
is reserved for tbo Jew who should be
found guilty of anything othor thnn innocence, is not stated. But it surely
would bo quite interesting to know,
quite interesting, indood. If oxilo to
Siberia is to be tho penalty for innocence, it is oxtroraoly difficult to imagine whnt should bo the penalty for
guilt, 'unless it might bo n term in tho
trenchos ot tho front. We hopo tho censor does not see this.
In tho recent trouble between the
Australian coal miners and the operators, ovor the refusal of tho latter to
grant the eight hours, bnnk-to-bnnk, the
government appointed a certain judgo
to arbitrate tho caso. This judge happened to be 0 student of socialism. He
refused to listen to any witnesses for
the operators, and only allowed tho attorneys for the miners nn opportunity to
address tho court nt any length. Ho
allowed one attorney for tho owners to
make a short speech, and then notified
nil and sundry that he know all about
the mines, as he had boon thero himsolf.
Ho ordered that the mon be granted the
oight-hour bnnk-to-bnnk forthwith, with
0 hnlf-hour out of the eight hours for
lunch. Tbis wns to be for five dnys per
wook, bat on Saturday nnd holidays six
hours would constitute a day's work,
with half-un-hour off for lunch, Somo
judge thnt. But in all falrnosB, wo bog
leavo to stnte thnt wc have nothing of
thnt Bort In Cnnnda. Neither havo we
nny Lnbor representation in the government. Wo stick to tho good old regime
of centuries ago, that wo are thoroughly
accustomed to, rathor than fly to those
dangerous innovations thnt wo know
naught of, except such as wo lenrn
through the nowB channels of our masters and guardians.
Ralph Wilson, foreman of the World,
nnd ox-presidont of Typo, union, is at
presont in tho St. Paul£ hospital.
Make a New Year's resolution that
will be the Tea to which
you will pin your faith
for 1917.
You will be so pleased
with results you will
continue with Nabob
for years to come.
Built for Wear, Style
and Comfort
Made in
British Columbia
LECKIE SHOES have stood
the supreme test, that of wear.
Ask any man who has worn them.
Solid leather right through,
skilled workmanship, modern machinery. A hotter shoe than the
LECKIE cannot bo made.
For the man about town, tho
farmer, the logger, LECKIE 'H
make a shoe to meet the require*
ments of eaoh.
NINTH YEAR.   No. 3.       (SIX PAGES)
(MTOT)       $1.60 PER YEAR
first   and   third   Thursdays.    Executive
board; James H. McVety. president:   R. M.
Myles,   vice-president;   Victor   R.   Midgley,
general aeeretary. 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, atatiatl-
cian;   sorgeaut-at-arniB,   John   Bully;   A.   J.
Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooka, trnateea.
Meets   aeoond   Monday   in   tbe   month
President,   J.   McKinnon;   aeeretary.   B.   H
Neelandg, P. 0. Box "
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 876.—Office,
Hoom 208 Labor Temple. Meeta firat
Sunday of eaob month. President, Jamei
Campbell; financial neoretary, U. Davis, Boi
*'£*; phone, Sey. 4752; recording aeoretary,
Wm. Mottlahttw, Globe Hotel, Main atreet.
al Union of America, Local No, 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Todays in the montb,
Room 206 Lahor Temple. President, L. E.
Herrltt; seoretary. S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
atreet.   _________
Meets every 1st and ttrd Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 607. President, P. Dickie; corresponding secretary, W. B. Dagnall, Box 68;
financial aeoretary, W. J. Pipes; busineu
agent, W. _ Dagnall, Room 215.
U. B. W. of A.—Meeta first and third
Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. Prosldent, R. N. Myles; secretary. Frank Graham, 2256 Twelfth avenne
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meeta
flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m. Preaident,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue west;
aeeretary, A. Fraaer, 1151 Howe street.
Pacific—Meeta at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday,  7  p.m.    Russell  Kearley,  bualneaa
agont.     _____
—Meets In Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet; recording seoretary, R. N, Elgar, Labor Temple; finanoial
seeretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 88-52—Office and hall,
10 Powell street. Meets every Thuraday 8
p.m. Seoretary-treasuror, F. Chapman; business agent, J, Mabone.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.r. President, Wm. Small; recording aeoretary, J,
Brooks; financial secretary, J. H, MoVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7495.
tors' Union, Local 848, I. A. T. S. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday of eaeh
month, Room 204, Labor .Temple. Presidont,
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Haigh;
tUiif.mial and corresponding secretary, II. 0.
Roddan. P. 0. Box 345.
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meeta second and fourth Mondaya,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue weat; flnanolal secretary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
street: recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yow street.   Phone Bayvlew 269BL.
138—Meets second an fourth Thursdaya
of eaeh month, room 803, Labor Temple.
President, John MoMell; financial seoretary,
Goo. H. Weston; recording secretary, Jas.
Wllnon, room 803, Labor Templo,
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meots Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. OPttwdl;
vice-president. R. E, Rigby; recording aeeretary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street,
pbone Highland 168R; financial secretary and
business agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlce corner Prior and Main streets.
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
first Monday ln eaoh month, 8 p.m. President, Francis Williams; vice-president Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording seeretary, W. W.
Hocken, Box 603; finanoial secretary, V.
Wood, P. 0. Box 508.
last Sunday of eaeh month at 2 p.m.
President, H. 0. Benson; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; socrotary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
in annual convention ln January. Executive officers, 1916-17; Preaident, Jaa. H. MoVety; vice-presidents — Vanoouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, 0. Siverts;
New Weatminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompson, P. 0, Box 168; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J
Carter, Secretary-treasu-er, A. 8. Wella, P.
0. Box 1538, Victoria, B. 0.
Aak for Labor Tomplo   'Phona  Exchange,
Seymour   7495   (unless   otherwise   stated).
Electrical Workera (outside)—B. H, Morriion, Room 207.    Bey. 8511),
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenue. Offlce phone, Seymour 4704^ residence, Highland 18441*..
Longshoremen's Association—J. Mahone, 10
Powell street; phone Bey. 0859.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806.
Bailors—W. S. Burns, 218 Hastings itreet
west.    Sey,  8708. i
Street Railway Employeea—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union, Phone Exchange
Seymour 5000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 208.
Allied Printing Tradei Council—R, ti. Aee-
lauds, Jiux ott.
Barbers—b. li. Grant, 18U1 7th avenue west.
Uartuuuers—U, Day la, Uox 424.
blacksmiths—H. Uattell, fttou Fifteenth Avo.
liooaoiuders—W. H, Cowderoy, 1866 Thirty-
luuiiu avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. x'raser, 1161 Howe street.
Brewery Workera—Frank Graham, 2266 12th
uvuuuu west.
Briokluyers—William B. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
lirmuerhood of Carpenters District Council
—F, L, Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive bngiueera—L. T.
bolluway, 1167 iiarwood itreei. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—-H. G.  Savage, 1235 Hornby Bt.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—M. i>,
Jordan, 11)60 Granville atreet.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Cigarmakers—W. H. McQueen, care Kurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Couks, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Bea Fishermen'a Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workera (outside)—E, H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite Cuttera—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Workera—Mra. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
•venue weat.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Longshoremen—Thomaa Nixon, 1*0 Powell Bt.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Moving Picture Operators—H. C. Roddan, P.
0. Box 846.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
' Beatty atreet.
Painters—Jas. Wilson, Room 803, Labor
Plumbers — Room 20614, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—£, Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 2276 Fourteen Ave.
west.   Bayvlew 215L.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoreland, 1512 Yew atreet.
Quarry Workera—Jamea Hepburn, care Columbia Hotel.
Seamen's Onion—W. B. Burns, P. 0. Box
Structural Iron Workera—Room 20S, Labor
Stunt-cutters—Jamea   Raybnrn,   P.   0.   Box
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W, Alexander, 2120
Pender atreet east.
Street Railway Employees—A. V. Lofting,
2561 Trinity atreet.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, eare Provinoe.
Tolcgraphers—E, B. Peppln, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Midgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelanda, Box 66.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employee!—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpera—A- Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenue aast.
Ideal Life in Fiji Under Protecting Aegis of the
British Flag
How the "White Man's Bur
den" Is Borne in Far
Pacific Isles
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRE8S OF CANADA—Meets ln convention September of
eaeh year. Executive board: Jaa. 0. Watten,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Vlotoria, B. C.; James Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; secretary-treasurer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 515, Ottawa, Ont.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—Meeta flrst and third Wednesday,
Lahor Hall, 1424 Government itreet, at 8
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887;
vice-president, Christian Slvertz, 1278 Den-
man Btreet; secretary, B, Simmons, Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0.	
Victoria, B. C. P. 0. address Box 92. Local
union meets first and third Sunday, 10 a.m.
Place of meeting, Labor Hall, DeCosmoi blk.
President, J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; secretary, J. M. Amor, 1045 McClure etreet; business agent, 8. Onllutn, phone 1101R.	
of America, local 784, New Weatminster.
Meets aeoond Sundayof each month K.l'SO
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
Council—Meots second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, ln Carpentera' ball. President, B. D. Macdonald; aeoretary, J. J.
Anderson, Box 278, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
LOCAL UNION, NO~ 872, U. M. W. OF A.—
Meots second and fourth Sunday of eaeh
montb, at 3.80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven:
recording secretary, Jas. Bateman; financial
secretary, S. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
President—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D.
0.; Clgarmakers International union.
First vicu-prohident—James Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.;    Granite    Cutters'    International
OO*011' ~.~ .. a
Second vice-president—Jamea O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C; International Association of Machinists.       ■ \"
Third vice-president—D. A. Hayes, Phllldel-
phla; Glass Blowers' association.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati;    Mulders'    union    of    North
Fifth vice-'prosident—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'umbers.
Blxth vice-president—H. B. Perham, St.
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphers.
Seventh vico-presldent—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis; Unltod Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
Unltod Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John B. Lonnon, Bloommgton,
III.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secrotary—Frank  Morrison,  Washington, D.
0.1 International Typographic! union	
s£aA> Of America  rQxr
Vote against prohibition! Demand per'
■onal liberty in choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee tbat tt Is Unton Made, This la our Label
at call of president. Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C. Directors: James Campbell,
prosldent; J. H. MoVety, lecretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman and A. S. Wella, R. Parm.
Pettipiece, managing director. Room 217,
Labor Temple.   Telephone Seymoar 7496.
Britlah Columbia.
Cranbrook Tradea and Labor Counoil—Sec
retary, F. McKenna, Watt avenue.
Nelson Trades and Labor Council—F. Pezeril,
Box 674.
New Westmlnater Trades and Labor Council
—W. Yates, Box 1021.
Prince Rupert Trades and Labor Council—
W. E. Thompson, Box 694.
Revelstoke Tradea and Labor Counoil—Phil
Parker, Box 468.
Vancouver Trades aud Lahor Council—Miss
Helena Gutteridge, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Victoria Trades  and  Labor Council—Frank
Holdrldge, Box 802.
Calgary Trados  and   Labor  Council—J.    E.
Young, Box 1404.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor   Council—A.
Farmilo. Box 1493.
Lethbrldge   Trades   and   Labor   Council—H.
Morris, 226—14th streot north.
Medicine Hat Tradea and Labor Council,—
B, W. Bellamy, Box 755.
Moose Jaw Trades and Labor Council—R.
H. Chadwick, Box 1317.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—H.
D. Davis, 676—5th St. S.
Regina Trades  and  Labor  Couneil—0.    W.
Walker, Labor Templo, Osier street.
Saskatoon Trades and Labor Council—J. D.
Wallace,  212—81st  St. W.
Transcona Trades and Labor Council—John
Weir, Box 817.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council—R. A
Rigg, M. P. P., Room 14, Labor Temple.
Brantford Trades and Labor Counoil—H. J.
Bytnons, 115 Cayuga St.
Fort William Trades and Labor Couneil—S.
P. Speed, 510 N. Brodie St.
Guelph    Trades    and Labor Couneil—Thos.
Hall, 80 Kathleon street.
Hamilton Trades and Labor Couneil—W. R.
Rollo,  Box  828.
Kingston Trades and Labor Counoll—W. J.
Driscoll, 112 Lower Bagot street.
Kltchonor   Trades   and   Labor   Connell—U.
Strub, Weber Apartments, Young St.
London TradeB and Labor Council—J. Cum-
mings, 7 Adelaido St., Chelsea Green.
Niagara Falls Trades and Labor Counoll—D.
Wagner, 619 Ferry street.
Ottawa Allied Trades and Labor Asrociation
—W. Lodge,  Box  51.
Port Arthur Trades and Labor Council—A.
F.  Manchee,   116   Jean   St.
Peterborough Tradea and Labor Counoil—W.
M. Stevens, 800 Brock street.
Sault Ste Marie and Bteelton Trados Council—Wm. Gregory,  East End P. 0., Sault
Ste. Mario.
South Wntorloo Trades Council—A. Oraigen,
24 East Street, Gait.
St,  Catharines Trades  and Labor Council—
F. Cook, 57 Genova street.
St, Thomas Trades and Labor Council—A.
R. Robertson,   124 Redan street.
Toronto     District     Labor  Counoll—T.     A.
Stovonson, 24 Haaolwood avenue.
Welland   Trados    and    Labor   Council—W.
Powrle,   Box  23.
Windsor Trados and Labor Council—Harold
Clarke, 04 Howard avenue.
Montreal  Trndes  and     Labor    Counoil—G.
Fnincij* 2 St. Paul St. Eaat.
Qunbec  and   Levis   Trades   Council—Joseph
Oimvln, 74 Scott street, Qnebec,
St. Jnnn Trades and Labor Council—Georgo
Smith, Box 405.
. New Brunswick.
St.  John  Trades  and  Labor  Council—John
Kemp, 820 Main street.
Nova Scotia.
Amherst Trades and  Labor Council—Thos.
Carr, Box 981.
Hallfnx  Trados  and  Labor  Council—Robert
Miller,  57 Almon street.
Plctou  County Trades  and Labor Council—-
A, M. Do Vourflney, Box  1567 New Glasgow, N. 8.
Sydnoy Trades and Labor Counoll—J. A, Mclntyre, 80 Louisa street.
[By W. FranciB Ahem]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Deo. 6.—(Special
Correspondence to The Fedorationist)—From time to time news appears in
the American presB concerning ind'uBtry
as carried on in the islands of Fiji. JI
have just completed the collection of;
reliable data that proves that under the
rule of the gigantic Sugar Trust—the
Colonial Sugar company—a shocking
state of slavery existB in these well-
known islands of the Pacific.
During the recent referendum campaign in Australia it was suggested Chut
tho introduction of indentured Indian
labor would be beneficial to Australia in
many wayB. One has only to take a
viait to the islands of Fiji to see just
how beneficial Indian labor is, controlled
by capitalism.
A British Possession?
On the map, Fiji is pictured as a British possession. In reality is it the possession of the Sugar Trust, protected by
the British flag. It iB one vast canefield
with big sugar milh set down where
convenient, and the whole of the labor
on the sugar fields is performed by indentured Indian labor, under white
The influx of Indian coolies into the
islands of Fiji commenced some 25 years
ago. Today the Indian workers there
number something around 70,000. Tho
native Fijian population numbers about
an equal nmount, while the "whito British population is about 1500, less than it
was 25 years ago.
The full effect of populating Fiji with
indentured coolie labor can only be appreciated when a comparison is made
with another Pacific group of islands,
somewhat climatically situated—Hawaii.
The "White Man's Burden."
In Fiji, the indentured Indians live in
long lines of huts, built with absolutely
no idea of comfort or architecture.
Thore is one room to a family, usually
about 8 feot by 5 foet. These dwellings
aro separated by one wall, and usually
have two rooms together—back to
back, facing outward to a corrugated'
roofed, m'ad-floored verendah. Cheapness, it will be observed, is an essential
to tho building of "company" settle
ments and towns.
The general sanitation of the coolie
huts is a mennco to the community, but
this does not seem to trouble the Sugar
Trust, since a continuous heavy rainfall
assists to keep grim disease from stalking full ncross the islands.
"We Fight for Freedom,"
The chattel slaves, however, are a
little bettor off than the coolie wnga
6ln\es, who, since thoy receive wages,
are not housed .it the expense of the
These "freo" wage slaves live in
veritablo dog-kennels, made out of
old goods cases, kerosene tins, bits of
iron refuse, and BUgar sacking. And
since there are no roads in the districts,
access is obtained by rough paths. And
sinco the coolies do not want schools,
or public buildings, or gardens or parks,
for fear they should wish alao a better
standard of life, there aro none of these
things outside tho white-ptfpulated
An Awful Contrast.
- For a moment contrast Fiji with Hu
waiia, as fnr as these essentials arc
concerned. The Hawaii that I saw had
beautiful country homes, surrounded by
riotous plenty in tropical flowers nnd
fruit. There were excellent rouds, nnd
imposing schools and other public
buildings. Thero are railways, electric
light and tramway services, palatial
hotels, scores of public parks, bands,
fashionable beaches, and everything
that goes to make up civilization and
development nlong idal lines.
Alas, Fiji has nono of these, for, boing controlled virtually by tho ono
owner, in tho person of tho Sugar Trtmt,
thoy have to take what they got.
Under tbe Union Jack.
But, great ns tho visible signs of
material differences in coolie "civilization" are, the moral differences nro
Btill greater. In Fiji, there is ono woman to every throe men, And think
what thnt means, for most of the atrocious murders for which Indians are
hung in batches every year in Fiji, aro
caused by sex complications. There aro
child-wives, ranging from the nge of
eight, years upwards, and it is extremely hard to find the Indian young
woman who hns any conception of what
tho English word '' virtue'' roally
means—that is, in Fiji.
A Part of "Our Trade."
Theso girl children aro aold to men
of any ago for so much monoy (or as it
ia called in Fiji—"pisa"), or so much
rice, or so mnny cattle or hogs, or the
rental of a plot of land- And the man
who haB bought tho girl takes delivery
of her at any age he thinks best. That
is nil tho matrimony servico thore Ib
in Fiji. Is it any wonder, then, that tho
girl should afterwards be quite prepared to soil herself to some other
man offering her bettor terms than the
first purchaser is willing to givef And
if she does this, then we have tho
secret of thc wholesale murdering that
goes on in Fiji.
It is the writer's idea, sonic timo in
tho future, to carefully study tho indentured labor problom in Fiji, with a
viow of publishing the matter in book
President of tho British Columbia Federation
of  Labor,  Vancouver, who  will preside
at tbo  1917 convention,  to  be held at
Rovelstoke, opening Monday, Jan. 39th.
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention'to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
Also a Few Lives But These
Possess No Alarming:
Cash Value
Some Speculation Upon the
Funereal Aspect of
Modern War
In the Hands of Capitalists
It Means Subjugation
of Labor
In Labor's Hands It Means
Freedom for Those
Who Toil
"Political power is the power to write
the law, which predicates the power to
enforce it, the power of coercion. This,
on the other hand, is the undisputed
monopoly of the capitalist claas, for the
workors write little law and enforce
less.   They have no power of coercion.
''The law declares that property in
the means of wealth production is owned
by Smith, Jones and Robinson. The
cdurt so orders, and that goes. This
leaves the capitalist in posaeasion of the
means of wealth production, and the
workera in possession of the power to
produce wealth. The former buy the
economic power of the latter and set it
to work producing wealth. That woalth
belongs to the capitalists. It waa obtained legally. The law bo ordains and
the power of coercion is there to make
it good law.
"Let us then set ourselves to the task
of acquiring the political power bo that
we may write tbe laws. Good, sound
law that saya that 'Smith, Jones and
Robinson are hereby relieved of the
burden of the means of production,
which belong henceforth to us, the
workera. In witness to the validity
whereof, behold the size of the club.'
''The club is nothing elso but a sufficiency of workors to know just what
they want. When wo are in that position we have political power, power to
coerce the capitalists into letting go, on
pain of the usual penalty of jail or gallows meted out to law-breakers who are
not law-makers."
The Federationist welcomes correspondence from any of the wage workers of
British Columbia. But lot it bo remom-
bered that there aro many wago workers and very few pages of Tho Federationist.  Brevity has many virtues.
The conditions under which millions
of our peoplo live appear to me to make'
it natural that they should not enre a
straw under what rule thoy may bo
called upon to dwell. Recently unimpeachable evidence makes it clear that
to tens of thousands of Englishmen engaged in daily toil the call to sacrifice
themselves for their country would seem
an insult to thoir reason, as the conditions amid which th<)y live make their
lives already an unending sacrifice-
Lord Roberts, quoted by Bowntreo, M.
P., in the house of commons.
The five languages richest in words
are aB follows: (a) English, 450,000;
(b) German, :(00,000; (c) French, 210,-
000; (d) Italian, 140,000; (e) Spanish,
120,000. Tho figures arc, of course, approximate. (2) The percentage of illiteracy in the various belligerent nations
is ns follows: Austria, 22.6 (Hungary,
40.9); Belgium, 12.7; France, 14.1; Germany, 0.02; Italy, 48.2; Russia, 70.0;
Servin, 78.9; United Kingdom, 1,0. It
should be remembered that these figures
arc estimated from difforent bases of
age nnd qualifications (e. g., inability to
read or write or both), and, therefore,
can not be taken absolutely as a baBiB
of comparison.—Literary DigeBt.
In their primitive, unorganized Btate
the workers, through their competition
with one another, are altogether helpless. The bargaining powor rests wholly with tho employers. They submit,
unresistingly, to tho most ruthless and
heart-breaking exploitation. But with
tho advent of trade unionism among
them a revolutionary change takes
place. As they organize and job competition diminishes, thoy gain (strength
and the bargaining power passes gradually from tho employers' hands into
theirs. They foreo an ever-lessening dc-
greo of exploitation. And with tho
flight of time (his process will go on
until finally, whon the workers aro fully
organized, job competition will have
boen abolished nnd the bargaining
powor Bhifted wholly into their hands.
Then, on that happy day, in their irresistible might, they will refuse to bo exploited at all} the thieving wages system will collapse; tho exploiting idler
will bo given the alternative of working or starving; and a prosperous era
will be instituted in whieh industrial
justice shall prevail and tho poverty
and soeial inequalities of our unfortunate times remain only as unhappy
memories.—W. Z. FoBter.
[By W. FranciB Ahern]
With the lateBt figures to hand, we
are now able to get some idea of what
Armageddon is costing us. The cost of
the war, for the first two years, both in
money and human lives, is appalling. It
is estimated that the money cost is as
Great Britain, £1,534,000,000; France,
£1,328,6700,000; Russia £823,600,000;
Italy, £492,800,000; Germany, £1,815,-
000,000; Austria, £600,000,000; Turkey,
£400,000,000; Bulgaria, £30,000,000. A
total of no less than £7,024,000,000.
The total lives lost are estimated at
5,500,000, while the toll of wounded accounts for no less than/11,000,000.
From mere figures it is hard to express the full enormity of war, and it is
only by comparison that we are able to
get any idea of the awful sacrifice of
human Uvcb, and the criminal waste of
Supposing a man was handing out
sovereigns at the Tate of one every second, day and night, week after week;
month in and month out; year after
year—never ceasing. It would take
him 230 years to give away the amount
expended on two yearB of war.
It would take ten men working at the
same high pressure 23 years to complete
the task. And while they would be thus
engaged on the work of giving away
sovereigns at the rate of ten per second,
the intereat on the war debt would be
mounting up all the time.
Were the entire population of Australia and New Zealand—every man, woman and child—killed, we would begin
to realize j'ust how great is the awful
toll of two years of war,
Were their doad bodies carried past
at the rate of one every 30 seconds,
nover ceasing day and night, week aftor
wei, year after year, it would take
over seven years and eight months for
the steady tramp of corpse-bearers to
pass a given point.
Were the entire populations of Australia and New Zealand crippled—every
man, woman and child—then healed,
and then crippled afresh, we would
have some idea of just how many
wounded mon there are with two years
of war. Were their maimed bodios laid
out in single file, each occupying, six
feet, it would represent an unbroken
line 12,500 miles long.
Were one to walk along that line inspecting the wounded, passing each man
at the rate of two a minute, it would
take over 15 years before the end of the
line was reached, and that walking hour
after hour, day after day, month in and
month out, year after year, without
But figures are but hard facts. Much
lies hidden between the lines. For instance, we have not taken into account
the hunger, the misery, the anguish and
the heartache of the widows and orphans—of the wives, daughters, and
mothers at home. Neither have we
touched upon tho burdenB and privations of the unborn generations.
Arise, yo Blaves, who ages long havo
By ruthless masters wantonly despoiled;
No longer cringe before the  moneyed
Who holds  no     right to occupy tho
Your lowly meekness keeps you from
tho chair,
To which all workers nro the rightful
Bo bold to claim your just inheritance,
That gamesters won on wily wheels of
By guile they've gattiered harvest
ready reaped;
ind garnered wealth that workers'
jinnds havo heaped;
They idly live in luxury and ease;
Your direst wants with pittances appease.
Your lot is hard: with unrelenting hand
Tho pompous lords your destinies command.
Tis time to drop   tho   Bhackles   from
your feet,
And joyously a freedom's era greet,
Create a workers' world with juBtice
Arise, ye Blaves, to liberated lifel
—Now Times.
Adopted in September, 1915, hy tbe Trades
and Labor Congress of Oanada
1. Freo  compulsory  education.
2. Legal working day of oight hours, and
six days  to a week.
3. Governmont Inspection of all industries,
4. Tho abolition of tbo contract eysU'tu
on all public works.
5 A in illinium living wage, based on
local conditions.
6. Public ownership of all franchisen,
such as railways, tolcgrapbs, telephones,
waterworks,  lighting,  etc.
7. Tax reform, by lessoning taxation on
industry and increasing it on land values.
8. Abolition of the Dominion Senate.
9. Exclusion of all Asiatics.
10. Tbe Union Label to be placed on all
manufactured goods whero practicable, and
all government ami municipnl supplies.
11. Abolition of child labor for children
under sixteen years, and the imtnbllsMiiR nf
equal pay for ei|iial work for men and
12. Abolition of proporty qualification for
all public offices.
13. Voluntary arbitration of labor disputes.
14 Compulsory voto ami proportional
representation with grouped coiihtltuencles
and abolition of nninHpnl wards,
IS. Direct IngbOntlon through tho initiative and referendum.
lfi, Prohibition of prison lnbor in competition witb   free labor.
17. Equal mifTraKo for men and women
ovnr 21  yearn of age.
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthful, nourishing
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
There is nothing in the nature ot compound in the '
which is an absolutely pure food, both nourishing and delicious.
Made up to a standard and sold at the standard price of 26c per
1-lb,, in bulk and in 1-lb. tins.
Wt recommend ttat readen of The Fedenttonltt try a pound till.
Seymour 1115 1386 PENDER STREET WBST
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(McNeill, wblch a wilson, limited)
Cartage Agents—Furniture, Piano and Safe
Baggage, Express and Motor Truck Service
80 Pender East Phones, Day and Night, Sey. 604-605
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used. The
milk comeB from the Fraser Biver Valley.
Oood ior one vw'a saUeriptlon to Tha 3!
4 * j-h * m- t-o ar*k _ mm_ *T*a_ /"■» J. Federationlit will ba mailed to any ad-
If) KM K iAKTiS'™' »« O*"** tor |10. (Good anrwkaro
IU O U Oa V^ni\J_yO 0n,lid6 0f Vaneoow olty.)    Ordor ton *o-
_v_.   Remit urban sold.
Union Men
Tho B. C. Federationist is your paper, owned and
controlled by you, and published in your interest.
Thc merchants who advertise in this paper indicate a
desiro for your patronage. Those who do not advertise in these columns apparently care nothing for
you or your patronage, therefore
Your Duty is Plain
Patronize those who patronize you. The merchants
who advertise in this paper aro patronizing you. Return the compliment. In this way you can make The
B. C. Federationist the best advertising medium in
thc province.
Demand the
Union Label
Tell them you saw their ad. in The Federationist
The Daily Tasks Call
For Perfect Bodies
AND you can not hope to keep your physicnl condition up
to a hight standard unloss your teeth are in good shape.
If your toeth havo worn away you may have thom .replaced,
quickly, painlessly and with a minimum of expense. Crowns
and bridges are a specialty in my practice.
Thc teeth are reinforced on the wearing surfaces,'strengthened with platinum pins, fitted with the best 22-k., 30-ga. gold.
Per tooth T*J
Tel. Bey. 3331 For A Free Examination.
Tuesdiy anl
Sevan to
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
Cor. Sermour
to One p.m.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workerg.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Sale at all Liquor Storeg ln
Capital »15,000,000        Begt $13,600,000
Main Offlce:   Corner HasHngg and Granville Streetg, Vaneoaver
 Cor. Flnt Avenne and Commercial Drive
 Cor. Pender and Main Street.
 Cor. Sixth Avenue and Oranvllle Street
 Cor. Hinting*, and Cambie Street.
 Cor. Fourth Avenne and Tew. Street
 .*.. Cor. Eighth Avenne and Main Street
 Oor. Vietori. Drive and Powell Street
 Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraaer Road
Alao North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenne and Esplanade
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BA8LET t BONB, 161 Hailing. Street •Je,*ra",ur 555
BLOOHBERBER, F. B., 819 Bro.dw» Bait .Fairmont JOB
BRAND A PERBT, 629 Pender Street, Welt  .Seymour S678
BCRRARD PUBLISHINO  CO.,  711  Seymonr  Street    Seymour  (630
CLARKE * BTUART,  820 Seymour Street    ...Seymoar 0
COWAN A BBOOKHOCSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 4190
DDNSMD1R PRINTINO 00., Mt Dnnmnlr Stmt.. SeymoM 1106
EVANS A HASTINOS, Art. and Craft. Bldg., Seymour St Beymour 6660
KERSHAW, J. A., 680 Howe St £2°!" SSIo
LATTA, R P.. 888 Gore Ave •JB",Tmoo5 }S5S
MAIN fRINTINO CO.. 8861 Main St.. Fairmont 198B
HoLEAN 4 SHOEMAKER, North Vanoouver ■ ■■»■ Van. 68
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Bobaon Sts Seymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 187 Pender St "f.-T"1' U
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver ...N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World BuUdlng Seymour 9692
PEARCE 0 HODGSON, 618 Hamilton Street Beymour 2928
ROEDDE, G. A., 616 Homer Street iBe,B0M.;5i
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHINO CO., 817 Cwnble St •j*?11""1! S59!
TEBMINAL OITT PRESS, 208 Klngiway  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Street   i8e,rm,"ur.?I2
THOMSON STATIONERT, 826 Haatinga W i8!""™.' }!fS
TIMMS, A. H„ 280 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 621R
WESTERN PRESS, 828 Cordova W Beymonr 7688
WEBTERN 8PECIALTT CO., 881 Dnnimulr St Seymonr 8626
WHITE A BINDON, 62S Pendor We.t Seymour 1214
Write "Union Label" on Tour Oopy wben Tea Send It to th. Printer
Leaders WiU Have Nothing
to Do With Supporters
of Conscription
Reorganized Party Will Advance Labor By Honest Methods
Nearly 2000 Copies
Sold since Nov. 1st
Orders from miners' unions, central labor bodies,
local unions, S. P. of C, S. D. P. of C, have been received, as well as mail orders from here and there
all over the world.
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
It has been universally
pronounced "worth
while." You should read
it some evening this
In lots of less than 100 copies, per copy,
10 cents postpaid.
In lots of 100 or more, at 5 cents per
This little booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding the economic basis of capitalist society, and the
position occupied by the working olass within it.
It clears up much that has long confused, not only the
workers themselves, but many others who have given thought
to the vexations and anomalies of modern civilization.
It is invaluable to every student of social phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working class.
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, for distribution
among members, either for sale or otherwise.
The B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
[By W. Francis Ahorn]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Dec. 6.—(Speciul
correspondence to The Federation
ist.)—Australia has never before witnessed such lightning political developments as those which have occurred in
tho last few weeks. I have already
dealt with the dismissal of the primo
minister of the fedoral parliament from
tho Labor party, with a fow of his following. In the state of New South
Wales, much the same has been done.
Tho state "Labor" premier, Holman,
haB been refused nomination of his
electorate in the forthcoming elections,
and has been put outside the pale of
the Labor movement, with those of hiB
followers who supported conscription,
the same as has been done in other
Australian states.
Some Slaughter.
In short, we have made a wholesale
slaughter of the political traitors, and
have emerged out of it all with a new,
clean, and politically honest Labor
party. This will, of course, go to making the. Labor parties of Australia
stronger, as time goes on, for nothing
has brought so many thousands of the
Conservative voters over to our standards as the honest methods we have
taken to keep our party cloan and Up
to our platforms.
A Job-holding Dodge.
In the state house of New South
Wales, Premier Holman, as soon as he
was publicly discredited, turned round
and formed an amalgamation with the
Conservative group, under the guise of
a National party, with the professed intention of sinking "party conflict during the war." But this is about the
most bare-faced lie that has ever been
put over the electors of the state he is
premier of. He haB taken this step
simply to defeat the people's opportunity to put him out of political Ufe. He
dare not face the electors over ihe
crushing defeat he received at the referendum campaign.
The Reason for It.
In New South Wales over 120,000
votes were cast for no-conscription
above those cast for conscription. Not
a single Labor electorate carried it,
while but five Conservative electorates
voted in favor of it.
It is thus easy to see why the premier, whose electorate by the way, defeated conscription by a two-to-one
majority, does not want an election. He
hopes to put back the elections, and
has already introduced a bill for that
purpose, in the hope that the people
will forget. But this can not bo, as
Labor will keep the fight going, and
the feeling against him and the renegades, when they face the electors eventually, will be more hostile than it is
HIb Baggage With Him.
Premier Holman has taken about
twenty members out of the Labor party
with him into the National party, leaving about thirty to form tho now official Labor party of New South Wales.
All the renegades have been banished
from the Labor movement, and Mr. I.
Durack, a promising young politician,
has been elected leader of the official
Labor party.
As with tho federal party, we are
sure to gain much support over our
stand when finally we have froccd the
disgraced politicians to face the peoplo,
Thc good sound senso and raro judgment of the Australian workers seems
at times to be happily combined with a
sense of humor that is both piquant and
grim. For inBtance, at an anti-conscription meeting during the recent conscription campaign, which wus held at
Byrncstown, Queensland, the following
resolution   was   carried   'unanimously:
Thnt the citizens of Byrncstown do
now and herewith supply tho prime minister's pressing lack of a short length of
noosed-rope, and recommend October 27
at tho date on which ho, William Morris Hughes (after leaving his thumbprint as his one valuable legacy to posterity), might fittingly go out nnd complete the example of his scriptural prototype" A short coil of rope wns then
produced, a noose was adjusted and the
rope and the resolution wero immediately forwarded to Mr. Hughes.
From Parm's
Potato Patch
OLD CY. PERKINS missed one
of his yearling
colts a few days
ago, which fact he
related to the
bunch down at the
Dew Drop tavern
last night. Thereupon Chief Joe
Duck and Jimmy
Boaver, two Indians who know every horse in the district, both said thoy saw Hank Allen
leading Cy's colt, with a halter on,
down the road at about said time. Just
then Judge Jonoa arrived, and all those
facts were- told him. Cy declared he
would take the law on Hank, as some
years ago he (Cy) lost a flne team of
colts, and one day about two yearB afterwards Hank drove up to his place,
and said to Cy, "What do you think of
them horses!" Cy replied that they
looked tolerably like tho two colts he
had stolen from him two years previous.
"Yes, by Jing, judge, I'll tako the law
this time on Hank," said Cy. The
judge rubbed Mb hands, and urged Cy
to do so.
Next day Lawyer Snivels appeared in
court as prosecuting attorney, while
Lawyer Scattcrbraino appeared on behalf of Hank Allen. The firBt witness
called was Chief Duck, who swore ho
knew every horse in the district, and
saw Hank Allen leading down the road
Cy Perkins' bay colt. His evidence
could not be shaken-by Scatterbraine.
The next witness culled wub Jimmy
Boaver, who corroborated overy word of
his chief. Judge Jones aaid ho thought
the evidence most conclusive. However,
he would grant an adjournment till the
afternoon. Hank Allen looked pale.
Scatterbraine got buBy and summoned
twelve well-known citizens as witnessea
for the defence. Whon court resumed,
the room was packed. Bill Neil, constable, called out "Order in the court,"
and profound silence was observed.
Jack Ketchum, duly sworn, declared
he did not see Hank Allen leading down
the road Cy Perkin'fl colt. Snivela
could not shake this evidence, although
he tried hard to make Ketchum admit
he saw Allen with Perkins' colt. The
testimony of the other eleven witnesses
was similar to Ketchum'a.
In delivering his verdict, Judge Jones
very gravely said horse cases were difficult to handle. The evidence was six to
one in favor of the defendant. And
with Buch an overwhelming percentage
of evidence in favor of the prisoner, he
dismissed the case, the plaintiff to pay
the costB.
Here ia what the executive council of
the American Federation ot Labor had
to aay about the preas in its report to
the last convention:
"The newspapers of the country are
conducted as adjunctB to enterprises or
'' As Bociety is now organized the
agencies which are opposed to the cauae
of labor represent the wealthy-posaes-
sors—vested interests of the country.
"The only sources of publicity upon
which wage-earners really can rely to
give fellow citizens truths of labor's
position and contentions are the struggling labor papers of the land.
'' Theae Labor papers have been true
to their trust. Against adverse and disadvantageous conditions, they perform
a heroic and invaluable service.
"We heartily commend thoir efforts
and their achievements and urge that all
wage-earners and frienda of labor give
them moral and financial Bupport."
Support Two-platoon Plan
The legislative committee of the Massachusetts Stato Federation of Labor
ill favor a two-platoon Bystom for
firemen at tho coming session of tho
state legisature. By a voto of two to
ono the Russell Firo club, composed of
members of the Boston fire department,
hus voted to nffiliato with the A. F.
of L.
"The New Social Structure."
A booklot, exposing tho secret proceedings and debates of tho United
States fedoral convention of 1787, and
proving that tho present government
was intentionally made undemocratic,
and tho power of the pooplo nullified.
President Wilson, and university professors in general know these facts, but
tlio working class hns beon kept in ignorance of thom. This book will work
a revolution in tho minds of the teachers and students of American history in
this country. The author, Caroline A.
Lowe, now un attornoy, wnB formerly a
teacher, and was vice-president of the
Teachers' association of Kansas City,
Mo. A clear and concise statement of
the fundamental principles of socinlism
shows tho gradual unbuilding of the
now government, which is oven now
supplanting thc old. Price per copy, 10c;
10 copiea, 80c; 50 copies, .$3.50; 100
copies, $5, postpaid. AddresH orders to
Caroline A. Lowe, C/o the Oakland
World, 581 Thirteenth street, Oakland,
'Where hor indiscretions aro con-
corned, a woman should always bo her
own undertaker."
Profit Must First Be Eliminated.
The Ontario legislature may prohibit
the publication of liquor advertisements in the daily press. Why not prohibit the sending of liquor from outside points into the province? That
would have a similar effect, only more
so. If booze ia not fit to advertise, it
certainly isn't fit to be trafficked in
by transportation companies holding
government charters. All of which forcibly reminds us thnt effective prohibition begins at the root of the liquor
business, viz., the manufacture and
transportation of tho stuff. The report
that some 398 cases of liquor were
Bent out in ono day from a Bub expreBs
office in Toronto should indicate pretty
clearly tho point that requires the attention of the authorities determined to
make prohibition more than a mere
piece of legislation.—Ottawa Citizen.
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
...January 10, 19i7
Who is the happiest of ment He who
values tho merits of others, and in thoir
pleasure takes joy, evon as though it
were his own.—Goethe.
Goal mining rights of the Dominion, tn
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northweat Territories and
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
yeara at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Mot
moro than 2,660 acrei will be leaaed to one
Application! for lease mnst be made by the
applicant in person to the Agent or Sab-Agent
of the district in wblch the rlghta applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in unsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant himself.
Eaoh application must be accompanied by
a fee of 15, which will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish tbe Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon.    If
the coal mining right        "  '
each returns sboul
the eoal mining rights are not being operated,
—...     - jj ^ «__..._*_   . _. .
a year.
e furnished at least once
The lease will include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate or 110 an acre.
For full Information application should h#
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this ad
vertlnMHATit wilt ont be paid for—80690
are required to give more and more production, and the principal factor is POWER.
Increased production calls for uninterrupted operation—there must be no stoppages
through defective power.
Electric power—available 24 hours a day-
assures any manufacturer of that reliability that makes for efficiency and economy.
There are other features about the electric
drive such as elasticity and economy of
operation that make it worth while investigating.
A phone call to. our sales engineer will bring our
representative to your offlce. Our advice costs you
Phone Seymour
Carrall and Hastings 5000
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by
cheque (free of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at
the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering
at par and accrued interest, aa the equivalent of cash, in pay*
ment of any allotment made under any future war loon issue in
Canada other tban an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short
date security.
Proceeds of this atock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarto of one per cent will be allowed
to recognized bond and stock brokers on allotments made in
respect of applications for thia stock which bear their stamp.
For application forma apply to the Deputy Minister of
Finance, Ottawa.
OCTOBER 7th, Ult.
» SB Hie Don
gffiffiP^y: Housekeeper:-
mw. r ^jr
Yes, Madam, I agree with you, flour is now higher
than it was some time ago, but flour is still the most
economical food you can use by a long way, as all
other articles of food have advanced to an even greater proportion.   You would flnd your expenses less by eating more
bread and your health improved, especially if you use
Royal   Household
which is recognized as Canada's Best Flour and has my personal recommendation. It gives you better results, most beautiful bread and cakes and
always gives satisfaction not to be obtained from any other flour.
Housekeeper!—  '
Well, I hadn't thought about flour in that light before but, of course,
since receiving a letter .from my Mother telling me that she has used ROYAL
HOUSEHOLD for years and has always found it absolutely the best and
most economical, I now see that you are quite right. Send me up a bag.
and be sure it is ROYAL HOUSEHOLD.
Grocer;—Wise Woman.
"» <m tUM't tm ■'"•"a FBIDAY .
...January 19,1917
The January Sale
Ends Saturday
Better hurry now if you want to buy at reduced
prices. Everything in the store is reduced, with the
exception of contract lines, Groceires and associated
__  .    __f IMMMMTII    lt»        HlditKT I ■IMlltfST. itmi* lOMMianoBrA _  ^—r     1
*~-*--—\ : *■ J
Granville and Georgia Streets
Evans, Coleman &. Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
Seymour 2988
Uptown Offloe:
Seymour 228
Cow Butter Store
Under New Management
Macdonald & Macauley
Have you thought
of the scientific aspects of the
8 hour day?
ni HERE is a question in connection with the 8-.
A hour day which is usually overlooked. It is thc
physical effect of exhaustion—the most significant
phase of which is the deflection of the nerve energy
in the brain and the disintegration of the cell structure—the actual physical disfiguring-, if you please,
of the brain, which as you know i« the seat of all
energy—the storehouse of the human electric-machine.
rn HIS is transmissable. It is hereditary, and the
■*■ deforming of the brain through generations of
overwork must result in the physical, as well as
thc mental degeneration of the working class. It Ss
unfair to maim the worker in this way and so maim
the succeeding generations—the race.
1J HYSICAL exhaustion and nerve exhaustion of
A   the worker is criminal.  We shall have more to
say about this later.  But now we want you not
to overlook this phase of tho question.'
The Actino-Optical Institute
. Consulting Specialist
Eighth Floor, Birks Building
Vancouver, B. C.
First of Season's Events Will Be a
Whist Drive and Dance,
About Jan. 20.
The entertainment committee of Pio
ncer Division of tlie Street Railwaymen
has undertaken to make the balance of
the winter season enjoyable by outlining
a series of social evenings in which
every member of the union and hia family may participate. Sjch a programme
cannot do otherwise than assist in an
indirect way in promoting the strength
and good fellowship of the organization,
The first social evening will be held
about Jan. 29, and take the form of a
whist drive and dance, the I. O. 0. F.
hall in Mount Pleasant probably being
the place for the gathering. Whist will
be the order of the evening, from &
o'clock, with dancing starting an hour
later, and continuing until 2 a.m. Mr.
J. Poole haB been chosen as master of
ceremonies for the evening.
The entortainment committee has decided that the event will be free of
charge for members of the division,
their wives and lady friends, thus making it possible for ull to join in making
the opening gathering a success. Iu order to make this possible, the wives and
lady friends will arrange to provido the
refreshments and the funds for whist
prizes and incidentals will bo met by individual contributions. 'It was also decided to invite a numbor of the head
office officials as guests of the committee.
The entertainment commitce of the
division, which will have chnrge of the
season's programme, consists of J. Hubble (chairman), R. Rigby, P. Duguid, J.
Eccleston, W. Murray and J. Griffin.
Definite announcement as to the date
and pluco of the first evening will be
given in nest week's iBsue of The Federationist.
A Message From the Trenches.
Arthur Andrew, an old-time member
of Division No. 101, who has been in
the trenches for some months, haB
written Business Agent Hoover a message to the membership, which has
been very much enjoyed in "bull-pen"
circles.   It reads, In part:
"Dec. 14, 1916.
"Dear Friends and Brothers: I want
to thank you very much indeed for the
kindness in sending me the Christmas
present. Believe me when I say it was
quite unexpected, and came just at
a time when I was just in need of the
contents of the box. It is very nice to
think I am not forgotten while out hero
and brings back very pleasant recollections of happy days spent while a member of the old division. I saw only this
morning one of your old members in
the shape of Motorman Coutts. I passed him in a trench, and he had gone
several yards by before I called out his
name, We had only just time to exchange greetings, as neither of us
could stop and talk. A few weeks ago
I had the pleasure of meeting four of
the old school—Gale, Hockley, McCly-
mont and Higgle, all at the same place.
Of course we had to talk shop—even
events of the war had to take second
place. I had a great laugh over the
news of our worthy friend William
Beattie, going towardB town (Vancouver) tn khaki, and wearing hli motor-
man's headgear. Lapse of memory,
of course. I hope he Is not so forgetful out here as to attempt to remain
so true to his calling and attack the
Huns with a switch-iron!
''News is pretty scarce. The end
of the war will come, but when?
only wish I could tell you all. If I am
spared tb come through, I hope to see
you all again. Even an 'owl' run
would look pretty good at the present
time. There's no nine-hour day here,
1 assure you. If one happens to get
on a 39-hour stretch it's all 'straight
time.' Well, I think this is all this
trip. Am glad to say I am keeping
well, having recovered thoroughly
from my wounds. I wish you all very
sincerely the compliments of the season, and again thank you for your generosity.   Best of luck to Division 101."
(Continued from page 1)
results of these meetings showed that
the mon were not by any means in complete harmony with tho ngreement as
The Vancouver local considered the
terms at a mooting at which 27 wore
present, all of whom objected Btrongly
to the ngreement and decided to submit
to headquarters a suggestion for nn nil-
year-round price of 2Vi ccntB for halibut
and 1% cents for cod. At Prince Rupert a meoting of ten fishermen opposod
the ngreement, and outlined a rnte of 2
cents for all flsh covering the whole
year. The Ketchikan local, with sixteen
fishermen present, also opposed the
On the other hand, the Seattle fishermen held a meeting at which 75 men
were present, which unanimoMHly decided to accept the torms offered.
Tho results of the meetings of tho
locals wns to show the Vancouver,
Princo Rupert nnd Ketchilsau locnls a
total of 53 men, opposed to tho new
terms with the 75 Seattle mon favoring
the proposed rato.
Another conference wns held at Seattle nt which the owners agreed that
whero tho greater part of a vessel's
cntch was cod, tho price of 2 cents
should prevail for the entire cntch.
Thin amended propoiml is now being
tnken up by tho various locnls.
Included in the now agreement is nn
ndvance of ij.5 por month for deckhands,
these men being scheduled to receive
♦55 per month. This is a gain for a
class of men who aro said to bo at present unorganized. Another clause,
which covers conditions prevailing nt
Prince Rupert, provides that mntes on
"long liners" shall not shnro with the
men on tho catch.
Price for Ood Too Low.
Thc results of tho meetings of tho
various locnls shows that there is a divergence of opinion betwoen thc Seattle
fishermen and thoso operating from the
more northern points as to proper terms.
This is said to chiofly rest on tho price
for cod. On tho Seattle fishing bnnts
this catch is said to bo of very littlo
account, but on the craft operating from
more northern parts tho q,inntity of cod
brought in is now a fnir amount of a
vessel's catch.
On cod we would reecivo just the
same as last yonr," snid a Vancouver
fisherman. "That is not fnir, for if
there is a real reason for advancing the
rato for halibut, there is just nB much
reason for an advance on cod. As far
ns tho Vancouver boats are concerned, I
can tell you thnt this question of tho
)rico for cod is something tho men foci
like 'raising Iho holler' about. I know
that the ngreement which waB sent up
provides for 2 conts nil round where tho
greater part of a vessel's catch is cod,
but that arrangement menns nothing, ns
it is certain that the boatB won't bring
in more cod than halibut if this menns
moro money for tho owners to pay ont.
You can tako it from me that tne Van
couver fishermen have a legitimate kick
coming on the proposed rate for cod,
and I think the Princo Rupert and Ketchikan men will support our views."
In conversation with other Vancouver
fishermen, it was stated that the situation at Seattle was different than at
other points covered by the agreement.
In Vancouver the fishing is entirely in
the hands of the large companies, who
control the entire fleet. In Seattle, however, the fishing is done to a certain extent by fishermen who work on a cooperative basis, operating what are
termed '' ahare boats.'' This makes it
possible for a Seattle fisherman to operate as an independent if he iB dissatisfied with the price given by the fishing
companies, but in Vancouver there is no
opportunity for a fisherman working unless he operates on a company vessel.
Business Agent Says Nothing
Russell Kearley, business agont for
tho Vancouver local of the. Deop Sea
Fishermen's union states that he has nothing to say with reference to the new
agreement. . He knew that there was
some complaint among the members of
his union as to the price to be paid for
cod and also admitted that there wub
Bome difference in employment conditions between Vancouvor and Seattle on
account of the "share beats" operating
from the Sound port.
The higher rate of 2\<_ cents for halibut during the winter months really
moant but Uttle as it was during this
season that the companies took off their
boatB for overhauling, and what boatB
were operated returned with light
catches despite tho fact that thc work
done by the men at this season of the
year waB particularly hard and very
Acting on instructions from the Seattle headquarters of hiB union, he had
placed before his locul the recommendation of the conferenco as to the acceptance of the new terms and the question
was now before the men for a decision,
For First Time, G. T. P. Officials Will
Sign Up With Organized Labor.
News which will be extremely gratifying to trades unionists throughout
Canada iB contained in a letter of R.
S. Ward, secretary treasurer of District Lodge No. 2, International As*
sociatlon of Machinists, wtth headquarters at Winnipeg, which states
that for the flrst time in Its history
the Grand Trunk Pacific will enter into an agreement with organized labor.
This report is of more than ordinary
importance, as In the past the officials
of the G. T. P. have paid no attention
whatever to the request of organized
labor, despite the fact that the subject
has come before them time and again.
The Winnipeg representatives of the
Machinists' union have now approved
of an agreement, after a conference
with G. T. P. officials, the schedule
of which covers all the work of the
craft in the G. T. P. shops of the district. The general conditions are
similar to those covered In the agreement with the Canadian Northern. The
craft rules, with the exception of
boilermakers, are also about the same.
On the question of apprentices, the
union did not secure all that was requested, but the arrangement made
provides for "one for the shop and
one for every four mechanics."
The Winnipeg union believes that a
good'agreement has been obtained and
that the closing of the arrangement
will mean the beginning of an era of
better conditions between the G. T. P.
and Its employees.
Royal   City   Tradei   Council   Advise
Tradea Unionist! Not to Answer
The New Westminster Trades and
Labor Council haB gone on record as
opposed to the filling out of the registration cards of the National Service
Commission. The resolution was presented by Delegates Yates and Morris,
who acted under instructions from the
Street Rallwaymen's union. The delegates from the Typos, put up a fight
against the action, but were alone ln
their contention, the delegates from
the Barbers' and Bartenders' unions
supporting the measure.
The provincial authorities wrote
stating that the council's request for
concessions in connection with the
transportation of workmen to Port
Mann could not be granted, as the exemption of a worklngman's train from
tlie provincial bridge tolls Would constitute a violation of the agreement
whereby other railways used the
Hearty support was given a delegation from the Vancouver Iron Molders' union, which Is pressing a campaign for an eight-hour day.
The meeting decided to be represented at the Revelstoke convention
of tho B. C. Federation ot Labor, either
by Bending a delegate or co-operating
with other unions In Bending a joint
Union Member on Board of Examiners
For Movie Operators
The organized moving machine picture operators of Vancouver are reported to be well satisfied with the
manner in which the government
regulations for the moving picture
theatres are being worked out. One
of these rules provides for an examination by a provincial board of examiners before an operator's certificate Is granted and the local has been
recognized ln this connection by the
appointment of itB president, Mr. J.
B. Foster, as one of the members of
this examining board.
At the last meeting of the local the
following were elected as Its officers
for the ensuing term: Pres., J. B.
Foster; vlce-pres., J. O, Thomas; secretary-treasurer, A. 0. Hansen; recording secretary, E. B. Marshall;
business agent, S. Haig; delegates
to TradeB and Labor Council, A. O.
HanBen and Wm. Tenney.
The International convention ot the
organization will be held In Cleveland,
0., from February 26 to March 3, and
Secretary A. 0. Hansen was chosen
as the delegate for thiB meeting.
48 Employees Last Year Met Death
While Engaged at Work
A report of the provincial department of mines gives the fatalities oc-
curing In the operation of British Columbia mines during 1916. This shows
that 48 employees met death while
engaged at work aB compared with 68
for the previous year.
The operation of the coal mines was
responsible tor the death of 28 men,
all of whom were killed underground.
The mines where the accidents occurred were as follows; Crow's Nest Pass,
17; Canadian Collieries, 6; Western
Fuel Co., 3; Pacific CoaBt Coal Co., 2.
Nearly half of the accidents were due
to explosions. In the metalliferous
mines 20 men were killed, the Britannia and Granby mines being accountable for half of the number.
Men's Coat Sweaters
VV/E have always made provision for taking care
w of the Men's Sweater business, and there is
never a time that you can come to Spencer's and fail
to find a Sweater of the right style, right weight and
right price to suit you. Already this season we have
sold several thousands, for the fact of this store's
pre-eminence in this line is well-known. Pride of
place belongs to "Pride of the West" brand coats,
which sell here for $6.75 and $7.50, and are available
in the most wanted colors. We have a very good
coat at $3.95, and of course both higher and lower
prices. Let us show you some of them more intimately.
—Main Floor, Eaat Wing
David Spencer limited
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue But  Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
Along line of P. 0. E. Railway open park line landi. The tneit mixed
farming landa In the provlnee. '
Oood water, heat of hunting and Sailing. The aettlere who hate gone
in there are all booatera, aa they are making good.
If you want to go baek to tha land, write
Welton Block. Vancouver
Notice to the Public
We advocate a forty-eight-hour week, with a minimum wage, for retail store employees, such
as is now in force in many of the States of the Union, and is endorsed by the leaders of organized
Labor in every country. We believe this would be the correct solution of the half-holiday question.
We wish to draw your attention to our
which is now in full swing.
Many Lines at Less than Wholesale Cost
15 Dozen Plain Cream Spring Needle Ribbed
Underwear, in all sizes. Regular price    ^
$1 and $1.25. January Sale Price  |0C
50 Dozen Plain Union Cashmere Socks
January Sale Price, a pair.	
25 Dozen Pure Wool English Underwear—Regular price $1.25. January Sale
Price, per garment	
50 Dozen Merino Underwear, in every size.
Values up to $1.00. January
Sale Price, per garment. ODC
50 Dozen Heather Ribbed Socks—Reg.
price 50c. January Sale price, a pair __oC
50 Dozen Men's Fancy Colored Shirts—In all
sizes,  guaranteed fast color. Values      _
up to $1.50. January Sale Price, each.... /UC
Our Slogan: Tour Money's Worth or your Money back'
FBIDAY January 19,' 1917
for Saturday Selling
Any one mentioning this advertisement on Saturday
can buy anu man's Suit or Overcoat in the store at
the following reductions:
Regular up to $15.00 less $2.50
Regular up to $20.00, less .
Regular up to $30.00, less....
A Special line of MEN'S SHIRTS
Regular $1.00 and $1.25 Shirts for    75c
MEN'S UNDERWEAR Price for Saturday Only
Stanfield's fine ribbed underwear, on sale Saturday
at, each 75c
Stanfield's "Red Label"—Saturday only, each...$1.45
Men's reg. $1.80 Working Shirt, on Saturday for. 78c
These prices are good for Saturday only, in both
our stores.
Enterprise Steel Ranges
Over 168,000 Enterprise Stoves in Use in Canada, and every
one giving satisfaction,
Perfect Bakers.
Easy on fuel.
Guaranteed down to the last rivet.
A Range you will be proud of and will give you satisfaction
for a lifetime.
We will allow you a good price for your old Stove in
/ exchange.
We have some large heaters which we are selling at very
low prices to clear.
Pacific Stove & Furnace Co.
Everything in Stoves.
Card of Thanks
To the Electors of Victoria:
I desire to thank the citizens of Victoria for the confidence shown and the honor
conferred by Thursday's
vote, electing me mayor.
I would also extend my
special thanks to the many
friends who so actively supported me, and also to my
opponent, who conducted
such a good-natured campaign.
Representatives   of   Machinists   Are
Handicapped by Their Statements
On Registration Cards.
A private letter to Mr. D. McCallum,
organizer for the Machinists' union,
states that1 eastern officials of the
union are in communication with Mr.
Mark Irish, Director General of Munitions Labor, with reference to supplying machinists for work on munitions where this is shown to he necessary by reports coming to his olllce.!
A conference of representatives of the j
union with Mr. Irish was arranged to
be held in Ottawa recently, but as the
Director General was unavoidably absent, the union officials held a general
The question of the signing of the
registration cards of the National Service Commission was slated for discussion, but the letter stateB that "as tlie
Executive of the Congress have abro-i
gated to themselves the power to de*'
clde against the wishes of the Trades
Congress convention, there was little
we could do ln the matter."
The officials of the Machinists'
union are said to be planning to Issue
a circular letter to itB membership
setting forth their views on a number
of questions which have recently arisen
In connection with the registration
cards, but linal action has been delayed pending a proposed conference of
the Trades Congress officials with the
premier, when it is hoped to secure
such authoritative statements as will
make the terms of the circular of a
move comprehensive character than is
now possible.
Over Fifty Claims are  Filed  During
Opening Weeks of January
Work for the new Workmen's Com-
pensation board iB already piling up,
press reports stating that during the
opening weeks of January over 50
claims were presented by employeea
who were Injured while in the discharge of their duty.
The schedule of rates to be paid by
the various classes of employers in con-
nection with the operation of the Act
ts now being sent out, the Initial pay-
ment to be made February 1, with additional payments quarterly thereafter,
the amounts being such as are deemed
necessary in view of the accidents in
each particular class. The rates range
from 30 cents to $0 per $100, the latter
being the highest rate and covering
operations ln plants manufacturing explosives. For policemen and fireman
the rate is $5 while on general building operations, a rate of $2.50 is demanded with correspondingly higher
rates for structural steel workers and
other building lines where the hazard
is unusual.
Union  Members  Replace   Non-Certificated Men as Result of Complaint.
Tlie recently-organized local of the
International Union of Steam and
Operating Engineers is already showing activity ln guarding tlie interests
of its members and with good results.
Recently the officers of the local
took up with the provincial boiler
Inspector the question of the Pacific
Mills, Ltd., employing men ln connection with the boilers at its Ocean Falls
plant who did not have proper certificates. The matter was taken up by
the Inspector with the result that
seven properly certificated men have
been engaged to replace the men concerning whom complaint had heen
made. It Is also understood that in
the future the Ocean Falls concern
will deal through the new union In
connection with the engagement of
new men.
The membership of the local is now
about fifty, with prospects of additional
members in the near future. Great
credit for the activity of the membership campaign is due to Mr. E. Winter-
bottom who has been doing excellent
work among the craft ln pressing the
claims of the new local.
Tlie local has decided to affiliate
with the B. C. Federation of Labor.
enman s
Hosiery Seconds
on Sale Ala
Liberal Discount
Women's Seamless Lisle
Hose iin black, with
double-gartcr top. Reg.
35c value, 25c,
Mercerized Lisle Hose —
Beam less throughout,
with double garter tops.
Reg. <10c value, 271/2c.
Black Silk Lisle Hose—
With special spliced
heels ad toes; superior
quality. Reg. 60o values.  Three pairs $1.25.
Out-size Lisle Hose, seamless throughout, i black
only. Reg. 60c value.
Three pairs $1.25.
Cashmere Hose, in an unshrinkable quality, in
black only. Reg. 60c.
Three pairs, $1.25.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
New Locals Seeking Affiliation Witn
Vancouver*Central Organization
That there is "something doing" ln
Vancouver in the field of organized
labor is proved by the fact that during the past week three new locals
have made application for affiliation
with the central labor organization,
These locals are the recently organized
branches of the international unions
representing engineers, boot and shoe
workerB and iron molders.
During the week representatives of
the British Columbia division of the
Railway Mail Clerks discussed with
Pres. McVety and Secretary Midgley,
matters connected with their organization. They stated that they intended to
affiliate with Vancouver Trades and
Labor council in the Immediate future.
They also stated that at the Dominion
convention of their organization, to be
held at Winnipeg next week, their
delegate had heen instructed to propose that the Dominion organization
apply for affiliation with the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada.
Trades  and   Labor  Congreu  Representatives State Opposition of Labor
On Tuesday a delegation from the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada waited on Premier Borden and his
associates and presented the requests
of organized labor for legislation at
the coming session.
Special stress was laid on the repeal
of the Lemieux Act, it being strongly
put forward that the compulsory features of the measure wus ln favor of
the employers and that labor did not
consider that the act had given them
protection to any appreciable degree.
A strong plea was also put forward
for the establishment of an eight-hour
The national registration plan came
up In the discussion, the metal trades
having been asked to provide mechanics for munition work. Representatives of this craft urged that the government definitely state that there was
no intention of industrial conscription.
The. control of the Curtis aeroplane
factory by the government was urged,
it being claimed that conditions at the
plant were not fair under present arrangements.
On behalf of the letter carriers It
was urged that an advance of 50 cents
per day be granted on account of the
Increased cost of living.
Premier Borden promised that all
the requests would be considered by
the government when legislation to be
presented at the coming Bession was
Social   Evenings  and Open  Meetings
To Promote Organization Work.
The union machinists of New Westminster aud Vancouver held an. intercity smoker in the Labor Temple during the week which was thoroughly
enjoyed by the large number present,
this being the opening session of a
number of social evenings which are
being arranged. Leading officials of
the Machinists' union, as well as of
organized labor, locally, were present
and gave helpful addresses, while the
excellent musical programme provided
entertainment, and the constant pro*
vision of smokes and refreshments
tended to make the gathering a com.
plete success.
The programme included instrument*
al numbers by Messrs. D. Anderson and
E. Bush, violin and piano; Mr. A. E.
Reilly, banjo; Mr. W. A. Griffin, guitar
and mandolin; Mr. .1. Kent, guitar;
Messrs. H. Campbell and .1. Waters,
Hawaiian and bass guitars; and vocal
numbers by Messrs. Wm. Davis, Geo.
K. Morton. H. Cattell. J. S. Pearce, D.
Boyce and J. Hubher.
The Vancouver lodge of the Machinists' union also held an open meeting ln
the Labor hall on Saturday night, when
good work was done for the cause of
organized labor. After listening to
addresses by Mr. W. II. Trotter and
others, twelve men came forward and
stated their intention of joining the
local. So successful was the gather
ing that arrangements have been made
for a similar gathering next Tuesday
Official  Results of Poll of Locals of
Diet 18, United Mine Workera.
The official report of the election of
officers of District 18, United Mine
Workers, shows that W. Graham of
Coleman was elected president, A. J.
Carter of Fernie secretary-treasurer,
and David Rees of Fernie international
representative. Board members were
chosen for the sub-districts as follows:
No. 1, W. Sherman of Fernle; No. 2,
J. Johnston of Coleman; No. 3, C. J.
Phillips of Coalhurst; No. 4, Frank
Wheatley of Bankhead.
This report is contrary to the unofficial reports concerning the results
of the poll, this helng due to the fact
that the tellers threw out the Lethbridge and Drumheller ballots on ac*
count of Irregularities In the poll at
these places.
Havo you ever tried a meal at tho
Delmonico Cafe, just off Granville on
Robson street. It's so different. All-
union, tool Some chef. And speaking
of "service"—that's the word. Drop
in tonight for dinner, or any old time.
Always open. •••
Local  Member Believes  In Complete
Control of Output by Government.
Before leaving for Ottawa on Tues
day evening to attend the coming session of the federal parliament. Mr.
H. H. Stevens, M.P., said that It was
probable the question of the provision
of munitions by Canadian plants would
provoke considerable discussion tor*
ing the session.
On this subject the local member
stated that he intended to take a strong
stand on the question of the restriction
of profits arising from the manufacture
of munitions. If the government was
to place orders there was no reason
why it should not build and operate
plants of Its own or, for the period ot
the war, take over and operate plants
engaged In such work. The Idea might
well go further and the government
tuke i over and operate all the basic
Industries of the Dominion which were
connected in any way with the production of material used In these
munition plants.
David  Irvine a Visitor En  Route to
Washington State Federation
David Irvine, International representative of the United Mine Workers of America on Vancouver Island,
Nanaimo, was a visitor In the city
Wednesday. Before returning home
Mr. Irvine will attend the Washington
State Federation of Labor convention,
which convenes at Everett, Wash.,
next week. The following week Mr.
Irvine, and four other, delegates from
Island point's, will attend the Revelstoke convention of the B. C. Federation of Labor. As in the Crows Nest
Pass coal fields, there is considerable
discontent with working conditions In
Vancouver Island mines, with one or
two exceptions. Unless something Is
done by the provincial department of
mines and the mine owners in the
near future more will be heard of it.
The spirit of trade unionism lias by
no means been stamped out over there
yet, despite the trying days of a few
years ago.
Another Pettipiece Enlists.
George Pettipiece, brother of R. P.,
and a member of the Steam Shovel-
men's  International  union,   who  has
Aid. Gale Will  Ask  His  Civic  Com
mittee to Seriously Consider Project
As the result of his taking a strong
stand at the opening meeting of the
1017 city council, Aid. Gale was continued ns chairman of the bridges and
railways committee. In a public
statement Aid. Gale outlines the Important work he intends that the committee shall take up this year. Among
these is the project of providing for a
municipal light and power system, in
connection with which the 1916 council tentatively considered the establishment of a power plant on Bridge river.
Aid. Gale believes that there are no
legal rightB possessed by the B. C.
Electric which give lt a monoply of
he light and power privileges in the
ity and that, with the present cost of
ighting in Vancouver, the matter can
ie taken up with assurance of popular
Other matters on which Aid. Gale in*
ends to take a Arm stand during the
year are the strict carrying out of the
terms of the agreements made by the
Great Northern and Canadian North
em railways, ln connection with the
development of the head of False
B. C. Educators Organize
The school teachers of the province
are learning from organized labor the
secret that in Co-operation there is
strength and have now organized a
provincial federation. The Btated objects of the organization are the improvement of the standing of the profession and the betterment of educational methods throughout the province, these alms being exactly the
same as those on which trades unions
are based.
NEW   WESTMINSTER,   Jan.   16.—
At the last regular meeting of Division . ..   ,    . .. ,
No. 134, A. A. of S. and E R. E. of A.; 'ee a rfs11,dent »'Vancouver since
the following officers were elected for ""> ™™P"=«™ »t the big tunnel at
the ensuing term: President, Fred Rogers Pass last fall, has enlisted with
Ray;  vice-president, Wm. Banks; re* '"e   nlan(1 Waterways Transportation
Service, and leaves tonight for Mont*
ancial  Becretary and  buslneBs agent real en route to Mesopotamia,
W. Yates; conductor, Walter Adams;
warden, R. P. Jameson; sentinel, Geo.
Newcomb;  executive committee, M
Vancouver Forum.
National Service" will be the sub-
srer¥mMoI°clipp,TweenVy7'Grtm- If °' an addre?,8 to be delivered at
mer,   Banks,   Howe11    Mayes,   Cram,    ,e Forum tmeetlSs '" °Srlen htt"'
Bates, Jones Bolton and McRae; Audi   KTIS'THTt^&ifrt "WS*
w.   raies, u.  ii. uiapp  and   waltei „„,, ..     „„w„„t ,,,,,, _„v  „»„„,-..
Thompson; delegates to Trades and
Ijibor Council, W. Yates, O. II. Clapp,
W. T. Morris, Geo. Newcomb, Ii, P.
Jameson, T. N. Read, C. T. Camoron,
L. Jones and G. Bolton.
School Board Shows Good Judgment
Harry Neelands, the popular socretary of tho Typos, has been re-elected
chairman of tho South Vancouver
school board for another year. This
Is Harry's sixth term on the municipal
school board and his unanimous election aB chairman shows the confidence
of his colleagues in his experience and
and the subject this week promises
to draw a large crowd of interested
listeners. The debate which follows
the lecture brings out many new angles
of view and never fails to hold the
crowd to the last. Collection to de*
fray expenses.
Messrs. A, J. Macdonald and Aleck
Macaulay, tho lnttor being well-known
ot union men us an old platform man on
the B. C. Electric have recently taken
over the husinoss at 195,Hastings streot
wost, known as tho Cow Butter Storo.
Undor its now management the dairy,
produce and provision business will be
continued. "**
Vancouver   Employer  Who   Deserves
Support of All Union Men.
In spite of the fact that some of
our big politicians and financiers say
that we have to send east for our
clothing and boots and shoes, a good
many of the men who do the real
work know that their workmanship Is
just, as good as any on the continent,
and that Union labor Is used right
here ln Vancouver by the Western
Carhartt Factory in making what they
claim to be the best overall made, and
It Is made under very pleasant conditions.
The workmen of British Columbia
give their local factory five times the
support, ln proportion to population,
that Is given by the workmen of other
provinces to eastern factories, nnd Mr.
W. A. Ryrie, manager of the local
plant, wants specially to thank the
workmen for this support and to tell
you all at the same time that if there
is anything the local factory can do in
1917 to deserve this support more than
ever he wants to do it.
With a warm and comfortable workshop, a very light and pleasant dining
room, free gas, and last but not least,
a strict 48-hour week, lt Ib no wonder
that everybody on the job is proud and
happy. Because of this the workerB
are nil of a very high grade—the kind
of women we are proud of and proud
to have make the overall our better
workmen wear.
"The Best in the West" Is their
1917 slogan, and they are going to
hack lt up and make it popular by
coming through with the goods.
We feel that lt is only right to our
selves and the community in which
we live, to recommend all the products
of the Carhartt factory very strongly
to all genuine union men. *•*
Trades   Unionists   Hold   Balance   of
Power on City Council.
The trades unionists of Hamilton
took an active part ln the civic election contest in the Ontario burg, with
a result which all labor organizations
In the Dominion may well take careful notice, inasmuch as the resultB
show that civic labor Interests in Ham*
ilton are assured of proper protection
for the year.
The trades unionists were successful in electing three candidates out of
the city council of 21 members. The
Hamilton press points out, however,
that labor will have a commanding influence on the council, as It will hold
the balance of power, there being, outside of this section, 10 Conservatives
and 8 Liberals returned as aldermen,
If  Private  Concerns  Cannot  Deliver
Supply Will Be Offered at Cost,
Although the Vancouver authorities
did not carry out the plan which was
suggested by The, Federatlonist last
winter of establishing municipal coal
yards, at which coal would be sold to
citizens at cost during the winter
months, they did take action which
tends to prevent any hold-up on prices
in case of a shortage of the local supply.
Just at present there Is Bome trouble
in securing prompt delivery of coal
and this condition has led to the statement by civic officials that a thousand
tons of coal will be placed on sale at
various central points, as was done
lost year, should the scarcity of the
supply develop to such an extent as
to make it difficult for citizens to
secure fuel except by the payment ot
advanced prices.
i [A. G. G., in London Daily News.]
What is this engine that is grinding
humanity to pulp? Who are the devil's
instruments whose hands are on the
levers? What have we to do to deliver
men who simply want to live decent
lives ln a decent world from the monster that controls them and butchers
them at its will? At the root of it all
Is it not the fact that the nations are
in the grip of the Dynasts? This unhappy Europe is caught ln the tangle
of a web spun by a trade union of
kaisers that has Its agent ln every
court and its hand on every spring of
power. Republican France rose more
than a century ago with a message of
deliverance from the tyranny, but the
way was lost, a new tyranny appeared
on the ruins ot the old, and at the
Vienna Congress'Europe saw all the
spiders back at their old tasks, weaving their web afresh over the face of
Europe. All the blood shed ln tbe
Napoleonic wars had been shed ln
vain. France alone, after a long period
or reaction, emerged with the precious
jewel of democracy, the one democracy in Europe without disguise and
sham. And if it be Baid that democracy is not a guarantee of peace and
a security against aggression, let us
aBk ourselves what the supreme revelation of this war haB been? Hae
it hot been the splendor of Republican
France, tbe passion of a nation with a
clear ideal of human sovereignty,
stripped of every falsity of government
and dying to the strains of the "Marseillaise" for its immortal gospel of
"Liberty, Fraternity, Equality." Contrast the France of today with the
France of 1870—the France of the
shoddy Imperialism of Napoleon HI.
Can we conceive that thiB is the same
people that astonished Europe then
by its levity, its Chauvinism? Yes, it
is the same people, but the same people
free at last and forever from the web
ot the Dynasts and standing alone ln
Europe In this war for the naked ideal
of democracy which is the only ideal
the triumph of which will reward
Europo for the rivers of blood that are
flowing from Its veins.
To metabers of say union In Canada a
■special rate for The Fedorationist of $1
per year—if a club of 10 or more is aent
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
There's a fine, honest pride wearing a
8 Hour Day Overall Factory


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