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The British Columbia Federationist May 11, 1917

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Array Tp BRITISH COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INI)PST1! -S^ UNITY; STBENOTg   <». OFFIOIAL^APBB?'TljfCOUYEB TRADES AND LABOR COUKCIL, AND B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR '      ^, POUHOAL UNITY-   YIOTOW
EIGHT » YEAR.   No. 19
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, MAY 11, 1917
S
RALLYING CRY
10
Workers of the World Unite
Slogan of Vancouver
Island Men
An Appeal for Recruits for
the Fighting Ranks of
Militant Labor
WB
[By "Walter Head]
HEN WE TAKE Btock of the
life of the average Vorker,
made up ub it ia of an uninterrupted
procession of troubles and trials, with
the grim specter of want and privation
hovering over it at all times, we cannot help but re-echo Bobbie Burns, that
"Death is but the poor man's friend."
We cannot point to many days of genuine, unalloyed happiness during the
course of that existence. There may
Tie days that have stood out as shining
lights against the dark background of
our dull lives, and in the yearB that
are to come, to many in South Wellington, May lBt, 1917, will stand out
as one of those lights. I know that I
will always look back on that day with
joy, as one of the days when the workers made a demonstration of the power
that they possess, but never, as a class,
UBe       May Day Recollections.
In the past few yearB, we on Vancouver Island, have had some memorable May Days. Most of us have a
faint recollection of one May Day when
the mine workers of the whole island
saw fit to make a stand for that measure of human justice, the inalienable
right of human beings to band themselves together to resist the encroachments of the parasitic interests of. capitalism. The Tight to make a collective bargain for the sale of their labor
power and the right to have a voice in
deciding the conditions under which
they should work.
The methods used by tho coal barons
to bring about the temporary defeut
of their rebellious slaves are now a
matter of history, but the fact that one
section of those slaves were sufficiently organized to close a part of the
mines down tight and celebrate labor's
international holiday is sufficient of itself to prove that defeat to be only
temporary. Wo fully realize that no
matter what the outcome of any struggle between cupitul and labor, there
always results, in tjie final analysis, a
victory for labor. In spite of tke shortness of the working class memory, a
struggle always teaches leasons thut nre
never forgotten, and although the
miners of Vnncouver Island may have
forgotten some of the lessons they
learned during that long nnd bitter
struggle, many of them learned lessons
that ure impressed indelibly upon their
minds even yet. One of those lessons
is thut the function of the state is to
act as an executive committee for thc
ruling class; the -class that owe the
means of wealth production (mines,
mills and factories, etc.).
The State Does It's Work.
Wo saw how faithfully the modern
state performed this historic function.
Did a member of our cluss get huuled
up before that willing tool, the police
magistrate, the fact of his being a
striker was sufficient to assure him of
square deal—tbe sume as the chicken
got the axe. Numerous incidents during that strike fixed the lesson firmly
in our minds; such, for instance, ns
dragging a machine gun through the
streets of Nauaimo for purposes of in-
■*. hn idat ion.
My mind goes back to another May
Day. A celebration was being held in
Nanaimo and everybody set out from
the little village of South Wellington
to hnve a good time. The wives and
families of the workers, the class that
produce the wealth of the world, do not
like to go to Palm Beach and stay at
fashionable hotels. They would rather
pack a lunch basket with them,-nnd
this is what they did upon the dny in
question. We saw again where the
state performed ita historic function
when its emissaries were at the train,
scurching everybody thut boarded it,
peering into lunch bnskets and in general subjecting women and children to
all the indignities thut thoir diseased
minds could conjure up.
An Historic Episode.
The first of May, 1917, wns only another episode in o.ir fight for human
rights, and let me sny thut right proud
I um to bc an integral pnrt of the organizntion thut niude such a day pus-
si ble. And I nm prouder still of the
honor of being a member of this community, the sleepy burg of South Wellington, the banner cump of Vnncouver
island, and nccording to The Fcdcrn-
tioniat the only place in this grand und
glorious province of British Columbia
to celebrnto lubor's internntional holiday-      Removing a "Blot."
Some time ago when n committeo,
representing tho men working in these
mines, wero huving n friendly (?) session with our late genial general malinger, he volunteered the information
that he wus told by ono of his friends,
an old-time boss on this islnnd, thnt
South Wellington wns always a hotbed
of socialism. He then nsked us to get
together and try to remove thut "blot"
from the fair name of this little village and see if th'e masters nnd men
could not live together as a happy
family. Some family, to bo BUro, This
May Day was the result of our (the
'miner's) getting together, and if being u hotbed of socialism is responsible
,for the organization wo now have,
where almost every mnn goes to work
with his union button on, then I only
hop'' that the other parts of this islnnd
Iwill becomo similar hotbeds und push
■ttlong the good work until every worker is banded with his fellows for the
[purpose of mnking nn injury to one the
concern of all. We, on our part, re-
'nlizo that we have power, and furthermore that we are orgnnized in such
in maimer ub to use it to the best possible udvantngo, but we nre not going
'o get drunk with it, nfter the manner
our mnaters.   We do not intend to
DEAD LEI OF A
Romance Being Eliminated
and Potential Heroes
Common Plugs
PEED. k. HOOVER
Business agent of Pioneer Division No. 101,
Street Railway Employees, and rice-president of Vanoouver Trades and Labor council, who la doing yeoman service for his
organisation, one of the strongest in Vancouver.
s
Amicable Agreement Gives
Men Their Full
Demands
Experiences Along the Road
from Industrial Sweat
to Glory
Uniform Scale Now Prevailing to Advantage of
Al) Concerned
THE STRIKE of the shipyard work-
ers in Vancouver and vicinity
cume to a peaceable ending early in
the week. After a number of conferences between • the employers and the
representatives of the various unions
affected, un amicable arrangement was
reached which guarantees for the
men practically nil the demands which
were made, As these terms had previously been granted in the Victoria
shipyards, the local victory of the men
means that all the employes of British
Columbia shipyards nre now receiving
tho udvunced scale, as well as enjoying
working conditions which are much
more favorable than was previously
the case. In view of the probable continuance of shipbuilding activity in
this vicinity for some years to come,
the settlement of this matter on the
basis of uniform wages all around,
proper recognition of tho due of labor
and the provision of proper working
conditions is a result which is highly
desirable for thc best interests of all
concerned.
The following firms have signed the
agreement: Wallace Shipyards, British
Piipific Engineering & Construction Co.,
Vnncouver Shipyard, North Shore Iron
Works, Robertson & Godson, H. W.
Brown & Co., Van Dyke & Son, W.
Manchin and P. Wall.
adopt an arrogant attitude toward the
local company and attempt eo force
impossible concessions from it. We fully renlize thut it is only a weak ten*
tacle of the gigantic octopus capitalism. While our ultimate goal is the
overthrow of the wage system, we are
determined for the present to get a
measure of justice from our employers,
nnd by amalgamating with our fellows
throughout the whole world, the emancipation of the workers from the galling chains of wage slavery will in turn
become un accomplished fact.
The Springtime of Life.
In spite- of- the world catastrophe
through which we aro passing, other
plnces throughout the world had tbeir
Mny Duy celebrations. May Day has
been eclebruted from time immemorial.
It is associated, on the American continent, with the inauguration of the
eight hour day. It was the day set
apart ns labor's day by the old International, and later on by the General
Confederation of Labor. Of course aa\\\
benevolent and self-sacrificing masters
have givon us a day thut they nre
pleased to term labor duy. It comes
in u time of the year when everything
in nature is dying and presumably
they wish to think of the lubor movement as following the general order.
But Muy 1st comes at a season when
all nature is pulsating with u new
lifo and vigor.* AH living things are
then filled with a new joy and an
awakened hope, this awakening of spirit being emblematical of the rising
aspirations of the workers, who are beginning to wake up nfter their agelong sleep under thc deadly sopoifle of
slavery.
The Day of Brotherhood.
Of nil the days thnt are set apnrt
during the your to celebrute the various ideals, myths and events, there is
not one that can compare in significance with this great day; a day that
is emblematic of ull that is good in
human nature—the common brotherhood of- man. A day thnt tenches us to
forget ull national, religious and similar petty differences and to realizo that
the only enemy the toiler has is the
group of rulers and exploiters who live
off the blood and swent of the workers. These are not only the enemies
! of the workerB, but the enemies of true
Erogress and decent civilization. Tho
limun race can nover hope to reach
anything approaching even a condition
of common decency so long us the affluence of tho few has to he assured
through the poverty of the many, or in
other words, as long ns a gang of pi*
mtes own the means whereby all must
live, for, as Shakespeare says: "He
takes awuy my lifo who takes the
menns whereby I live."
The Federationist could, if it desired,
reproduce many letters from British
Columbian trade unionists now at "the
front" or in England en route. In
many cases the story would not serve
to stimulate recruiting among those left
behind. One letter was published in
these - columns a couple of weeks ago
which evidenced the dissatisfaction of
many of' the soldiers with the
methods of the Patriotic Fund. Today
excerpts are taken from the letter of
an active Vancouver trade unionist
mechanic and well known throughout
B. C, sufficient to show keen disappointment with the treatment t-e boys
are receiving after they get overseas.
The writer of the letter to The Federationist is very frank and if the
censor were not looking itB contents
would reveal conditions that should immediately be remedied. He says, in
part:
" . . . . I am still at Stonar, but
will leave shortly for Belgium. .' .
Thy sure handed it to lis Canadians
right. This camp is composed mostly of conscripts, and upon our arrival here wo wero stripped of our
stripes and rated as sappers, no matter what our qualifications were, and
every* one of ub put to work with pick
and shovel We protested and all n. c. o.'s were paraded before the c, o. Among our grievances
were:
"We were guaranteed that we
would be given at least a week's leave
on our arrival, which haB not been
given at all. Also that the 80 cents
a day we enlisted for was to be juBt
until our arrival in England, when our
rank would be confirmed and the pay
given according to rank and rank according to our abilies, which, with
few exceptions, have been ignored. And
that we were a body of men for services in Mesopotamia and Egypt, employed at transport work on inland
waters, when, as a matter of fact, we
are not considered aB volunteers at all,
and are treated the same as men that
are conscripted and sent any place to
do anything. Again, we were to be
non-combatant corps and be exempt
from the duties required of a man on
tho firing lines, when, as a matter of
fact, we are for the most part given
rifle drill and all, except the $1.10
which Canadian soldiers receive. The
Cnnndinn section is mnde up for the
most pnrt of men not physically fit for
the army and up in years. We have
master mariners, with board of trade
ticket, working as bargemen nt 80c
and  eats,    including    such    men    ns
Capt.  , who for tho past twelve
years was captnin of the s.b. 	
out  of Vancouver;   Captain  , of
the   and others too
numerous to montion;  men who have
tmVmm")      ?1W PER YEAH
PRED. KNdWLES
Financial seeretary of Vancouver branch pf
tbe Federated Asuociation of Letter Carriers, and financial aeeretary of Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, who was this
week nominated as Vancouver's choice as
Western Canada delegate to tbe coming,
convention of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, to be held at Ottawa in
September.
ADVICE OF LABOR IS
IT
Representatives of Organized Labor Are Being
Consulted
Record of Canada on Sub*
ject Not Entirely
Satisfactory
Decide Against Accepting
Inadequate Offer of
Employers
Employees' Convention Will
Draw Up Ultimatum
to Operators
thrown up good positions to come over
here and spend their wisdom and experience of a lifetime doing a mucker's job. Pretty hard to swallow, but
we were shnnghied right and there is
no comeback. Just tonight there was
a gung of ubout 20 Canadians    sent
down to , n distance of about three
miles, to loud ties on a barge. They
had been drilling nil day and when
taken down they refused to work. They
were marched back and right now are
in military jail awaiting trial. Don't
know what   will come   of it, but can
. . . Germany will probably
be in the throes of a revolution before
six months. And then watch the workmen of Oreat Britain! They recognize
the fact that their salvation lies in,
first, Germany'b defeat, which meenB
the end of feudalism and monarchial
rule throughout Europe; then their own
emancipation, which will certninly
come, peucenbly or otherwise.   .   .   ."
CITY FIREMEN AND THE
TWO PLATOON SYSTEM
Men Are Seeking Opportunity to Dis
cuss Their Proposals With Aldermen.
The city firenjen huvo been endenv-
oring to arrange a meeting with the al-
dormeii to take up the question of making provision for the establishment of
a two platoon system when the esti
mates for the year are considered. Thc
request of the men wns' submitted some
weeks ago, when it wns promised thnt
an opportunity would be given tbem
to fully go into the mntter beforo the
estimates were brought down. So far
this meeting has not beon arranged,
probably because of the almost constant absence of members of the council in connection with the prosecution
of the charter amendments ut Victorin.
It is expected, however, that arrangements for the conference will be mnde
shortly. The firemen are much encouraged by the result of the application of the Winnipeg firemen to the
prairie city council for the establishment of the syBtem there, resulting in
the men being granted much more fnv>
orable working conditions than now
prevail in Vancouver.
THEBE IS EVEBY INDICATION of
a prolonged and bitter labor dispute between the miners and operators of District 28. Work throughout
the district is now entirely suspended
and the men say that they will not return to work until tlje operators have
given them their just due.
At a meeting in Fernie during the
week, representatives of the men decided by a vote of two to one to refuse
to accept the terms proposed by their
committee which represented the beBt
agreement that could be secured from
the employors after a conference extending over eight weekB. This action
indicates the temper of the men, whose
views aB expressed at the meeting were
atrongly in favor of forcing a "Bhow
down" on the matter. A convontion of
delegates from the various locals will
be held in Calgary, at which an ultimatum will probably be drawn up for
presentation to the operators.
The decision of the men was not
unexpected.' The old agreement expired on April 1 and, as the Calgary
conference, dragged on with but little
hope of the men being accorded just
treatment, camp after camp closed
down, so that, even bofore the Fernie
meeting, work was practically suspended at all points.
PreBB reports state that tho employers will refuse to (further negotiate with the men and have notified the
department of labor to that effect.
They say that the next move in the
game will have to come from Ottawa,
ENGINEERS*
LOCAL
IS STILL THRIVING
CARPENTERS MAKING
SPLENDID PROGRESS
A Comparison.
-The objectB of the other holidays,
when compared with the objects of this
day of International Lnbor, suffer by
tho comnarison, For instance, com-
(Continued on Page Six)
Three Locals Have Added More Than
200 Members in Last Month,
Organizer A.\ Watchman of the Brotherhood of Carpenters' reports that
locals 617, Vancouver, No. 1777, North
Vancouver, and No. 1803, Ship Carpenters, havo added more than 200 mem-
I bers to their rolls during the past
month, as a result of thc organizntion
campaign put on. Working conditions
huve been improved considerably, and
the immediate prospects arc that trade
conditions will bc exceptionally good
for the season.
Business Agent Alexander "Bringing
Home the Bacon" for Membership.
Business Agent W. A. Alexander reports that Local 020, Steam nnd Operating Engineers, is still • doing some
good work. During the week they huve
been successful in having the wage
scalo nsked for in Metal Trades agreement signed up at Wallace's shipyards,
thanks to the support received by
other organizations connected with the
Metal Trades Council.
Quite an interest Is being shown
by members of the local in regard to
tho selection of a candidate in thc
coming bye-election, and all members
are requested to attend meeting on
Sunday next, the 13th, to vote for tlieir
choice of candidate.
"There, iu the hands you have abused, you cun rend thc indictment of the
head you have neglected."
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Muy 13—Musicians;
Stage Employees; Steam Engineers,
MONDAY, May 14—Amalgamated  Engineers;  Pattern   Makers;
U. B. Curpenters, No. (117; Electrical Workers; Bro. Loco, Engineers; Iron Workors.
TUESDAY, May 15—Amal. Carpenters; Machinists; Railway
Firemen; Bookbinders; Retail
Clerks.
WEDNESDAY, May 10—Plnstcr-
ers; Metal Trndes Council;
Brewery Workers.
THURSDAY, May 17—Trades &
Labor Council; Maintenance-
of-Wnymcn,
FRIDAY, May IH—Railway carmen; Civic Employees; Molders; Granite Cutters; Pile Drivers and Wooden Bridgemen.
SATURDAY, Muy 19—Bakers,
PRESS REPORTS indicate that more
and'more Labor is being recognized
as a force which must be reckoned with
in connection with the solution of the
problem arising from the great war
now in progress. Whether this policy
has been accepted willingly by the employing class is a question, but the fact
remains that Labor is today called upon
fox its opinions and its advice Bought
in circles where, at the beginning of the
war, the suggestion it was a real factor
in the case would have been laughed at.
In the old country today representatives of Labor have a direct voice in
the control and direction oftbe various
movements forming part of the great
war problem and, many times during
the past three yearB, other official representatives of Labor have been called into consultation when problems
which affected the interests of the
workers arose.
In Canada the voice of Labor has not
been recognized as a faotor in the solution of war problems to any such extent
as has been the case in the old country.
It is undeniable, however, that the voice
of the workers in the western part of
the Dominion on the question of the
national registration proposals wob
quietly accepted as a pronouncement of
great weight, and it is possible that the
Btand then taken had itB effect in connection with some thinly veiled movements indicated by * tbis project. Tbe
selection of the president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada and another as the representatives of Labor
from Canada at the conference which
will be held in Washington shortly is,
to a degree, an acknowledgment of the
position of Labor ns a factor to be considered but the recognition of the importance of the workers of tbe in connection with war problems is still for
from what it should be.
From fur-away Russia come very conflicting and contradictory reports, the
character of the statements being such
as leave in.doubt just the exact position. It would seem, however, that the
workers are admitted to hold thre balance of power nnd that, if n stable government is to replnce the old regime,
the voice of Labor must be heard.
In the latest recruit to the allies—
the United States—there appears to be
a disposition to ask Labor to play a
part in the setltcment of war problems,
this being indicated in the composition
of the great war conference in-Washington where representatives of Labor
will be present not only from Canada,
as noted above, but also Labor officials
from the States as well as reprcscnta
tives of the organized workers from the
old country.
POWELL RIVER
WORKMEN ORGANIZE
POWELL RIVER, B. O., May 7.~-
Last night all the unorganized workmen of this town gathered together in
the Central hull for the purpose of forming a trades union. G. Pickett, president of the I. B. of P. M., No. .142, occupied the chair. R. Kirk gave a very
open-minded talk on the advantages of
organization and pointed out in a very
able manner how it would help the
workingmen of this town. A. Frey and
Jas. Ackerman, both members of the I.
B. of P. M., addressed thc meeting in
behalf of those striving to organize, An
Italian and a'Russian spenker addressed
their countrymen in their native language, and judging from the applause,
theso two speakers must have hud something interesting to say.
Mr. Brewer moved the following resolution: "Resolved, taht tliis meeting
of Powell Rivor workers organize under
the trades and labor tifiion for the benefit nnd protection of its workers, nnd
slii.il comprise- ull workers outside of
the I. B. of P. M., No. 142."   Curried.
The following officers wero duly
elected: President, lt. Kirk; corresponding secretary, Mr. Vincent; financial
secretary, Mr. Martin j treasurer. Air.
Black.
The following executive committee,
representing different trndes nnd departments were uppohttodi boater room,
A. W. Pupus; machinists, II. Crothers;
blacksmiths, moulders, millwrights,
hum men, pattern makers uud outside
engineers, Air. Hooneyj oilers, G. K. Wll-
lots; boommen, S. Marquette]*painters,
D. Milne; sulphite men, N. Patterson)
flninshing room, E, Phillips; grinder
room, A. McVnrnish, Mr. Dooff.
Mr. Brewer was elected to go to Vancouver fur the purpose of obtaining tho
necessary forms for the organization.
The lint wus passed around and the neat
sum of $01,85 was realized to meet tho
current expanses until such time ns thc
organization could stand on its own
feet.
A hearty vote of thnnks wns given to
the committee appointed for the purpose
of getting the orgnnizntion under wuy.
At a meeting this evening, Mr. Mc-
Bain, manager of the compuny, informed the organization that lie would recognize thorn and try to work hnnd in
hand with their committee.
JAMBS O. WATTBBS
Preildent of the Trtdei and Labor Cunfreii
of Canada, redden* at Ottawa, who li thla
week at Washington, D. 0., as Labor'a representative at the International conference
to consider problems arising out of the
war, along with British Labor representatives and President Samuel Oomper* of the
A. F. of h.
POLITICAL ANTICS
OF AN UMBRELLA
| Hughes of Australia Makea
Desperate 'Efforts to
Save His Doom
HENS CITY
Angry Because Police Did
Not Jump to Do His
Bidding
Eastern Firms May Possibly Send Sugar Supply
to the City
THE STRIKE at tho B. C. Sugar Refinery is still on in full force, and
the plant is absolutely tied up. This
condition has caused some alarm us to
there being a possible famine of sugar
locally. It is not believed that this
condition will prevail, as it is understood that eastern dealers stand ready
to deliver sugar to Vancouver if proper
arrangements can be made to handle
the business, Should this connection be
made, the present strike will be a blessing in disguise to the general public as,
with connections once established, the
consumer would, to a degree, be free'
from the monopolist control of sugar
prices which Sugar King Rogers has
heretofore made the British Columbia
public believe is his sole prerogative.
A letter from tho solicitors of Mr.
Rogers to the city this week, gave the
aldermen an indication of the attitude
he adopts toward his employees. This
communication alleged that the police
were "real naughty" and "sleeping on
the job" at the refinery, not making
uny effort to assist him in keeping the
plant running. Which was a grievous
sin in the eyes of Mr. Rogers, und led
him to warn the council that he would
stand no aldermanic nonsense. If they
did not sit up and tnke notice und givo
him everything he thought he should
huve in the line of protection, he would
hold thc city liable for any trouble or
damage which might ensue., After the
letter was read, the aldermen could very
well ask the question as to whether Mr.
Rogers was trying to ruu the city along
the .wine lines as he runs his sugar refinery. Somehow or other, the letter did
not exactly please tho police, either.
Thc striking employees ure still sitting tight, und are confident that they
hold thc whip hand in the dispute. Thc
local forces of organized labor arc
standing by them and enabling them to
meet sueh calls for financial aid ns are
being made upon the officers of the new
union.
By Coalition and  Coarse
Work He Hangs on to   ;
Job and Power
In another column will be found an
account of some of tbe raw work that
a desperate politician in Australia is re*
sorting to in order to retain the reins
of power, and keep his promises to all
that is reactionary and dangerous in tha
life of nations. . This man Hughes—*
Australian premier—was raised to th*
premiership by tbe .Labor movement*'
He was a tinker, a mender of umbrellas, prior to his discovery by the work*
ers. Possessed of a prolific gift of gab,
unlimited gall and unprincipled conning, he soon ingratiated himself into
the movement and was eventually lifted
by that movement into the premiership
of the commonwealth. After the break"
ing out"1 of the war, Hughes went on a
mission to the old eountry. While in
England, he was wined and dined, cajoled and flattered, by the most sinister
influences in that laid, and when he returned to Australia, he did so evidently
bound by a promise to Prussianize that
country in the interests of those sordid
and sinister influences to whose blandishments he had succumbed while in England. He at onee tried to force conscription upon the Australian democracy. The Labor party, to. which he
owed his political preferment, was too!
strong in parliament, and his conscription scheme was thwarted.
Appeals to the Country.
He succeeded, however, in submitting
a referendum as to conscription to the
electorate. That was defeated. For Ul
activities in contravention of hit
party's mandate, he was repudiated and
thrown out of it, taking a small following of renegades with bim. He hung on
to power, however, only- by- forming n
coalition with such capitalist and reae*
tionary elements aa were to be found in
the bouse. In the lower house he maintained a majority, but in the scnata
there was a majority of two against
him. With that majority against him
in the senate, a new election eould bt
at any time forced.  Some of his effort*
WANTS COMPULSION
Sir Sam Hughes Gives Notice of Motion ln Commons.
General Sir Hum Hughes lies given
notice that at the first opportunity on
going into committee of supply he will
move tlie following resolution:
"That, in the opinion of this house,
the best interests of Canada, of the empire nnd of humanity will be served
by thc implication tit' tlie Militia act,
or by other uction to raise troops fori cent
compulsory overseas service,"
MACHINISTS' NEW LOOAL
x     ALMOST REACHES 100
In Spite of Every Opposition Membership Is Increasing.
The members of the International Association of Machinists continue to udd
to their numbers daily, und have several shops in the city 100 per cent, orgunized, and members in every shop in
the City, in Spite Of the opposition of
the Metal Trades association, who
even canvassing tlie men iu the shops
and advising them not to join the union.
While this uction interfered 'with organizing for a few days, a reaction hus
now set in, and men who couldn't be
appronchod before, ure coming round of
their own accord und making ttppHeu
Ion for membership.
The new loch I, thc chnrter of which is
still open, hus 70 numes on the application, and it expects to hnve 100 before
tho charter closes next week.
Phe signing of the agreements ia the
.shipyards during thc week not only
dyes the men a shorter workday, but
in many cases increases of i'2\_ cents
per hour.
In
ASKING HIGHER WAGES
British Textile Workers   Demand
crease of 65 Fer Oent.
Practically the entire textile trade of
Kiiglaiid has been notified of a demand
from the allied union of an increase of
wiigesiiggreguting 05 per cent, over the
scule before the war. The anions Boy
it is necessnry to keep tho buying value
of wuges equal to that beforo the war.
Formul notice has been given, opening
the struggle for mediation through tins
govornment.
EIGHT-HOUR DAY AND
INCREASE IN WAGES
Locomotive engineers on the C. P. R.
from Fort William eust huve nettled
their differences with the company and
secured an eight hour working duy
agreement. Nearly 3,600 engineers und
firemen will receive from 20 to 25 per
"'   increnso in wages.
When   the  working  class  uses its
"To put out the light of the brain is Ibrain it will no longer have to abuse its
to make convicts of tho hands," I hands."
to forestall being forced to go to tht
country, ere told in the-article already
referred to, which will be found elsewhere in this issue.
Another Noble Effort
. A still further attempt made by
Hughes to upset tbe senate majority
against him,.was made nlong the following lines. There was a Labor senator,
by the name of Ready, holding a seat
as member from Tasmania. Hughes
succeeded in bo tampering with thlt
either weak or eminently crooked person, that he wns suddenly tnken ill, so
seriously ill that he immediately resigned bis seat in the senate. Strange
thoiigh it may appear,, his illness overcame him while ho was in Melbourne*,
Australia, and right after he had a private conference with the notorious
Hughes. It is evident that whatever
occurred at that conference hnd some
mysterious*connection with his subsequent alarming illness. As soon as hia
resignation was mnde, the governor of
Tasmania appointed another in hiB place
to fill o.it the unexpired term. There
is much thnt could bo related in thia
connection to show that nil of the1 details of the performance had been carefully worked out beforehand. A most
remarkably strange thing about it ia
that the skunk who resigned because of
his dangerous illness, recovered as suddenly as he had been stricken down*
He went home the next day on the Tas-
mnninn bout,
"Gang Aft Agley."
But the best Inid plnns of mice and
men often break down. The subsequent happenings in the senate, when
Wutson "spilled thc benns," completely upset thc plans of the rascally
Hughes. Ho was forced to go to the
country. An election wns held on May
It appears that Hughes was returned, with u small following of similar re-
ncgndds nnd political skates. He still
holds power only by grace of a coalition
of elements that hnve but little in common outside of a hearty and unanimous
disposition to hung onto office for offico
snko. The Labor party is in the minority iu both houses, but it is infinitely
stronger by the elimination of tlio unstable and unscrupulous Hughes and his
disreputable following. It is certain
that un attempt will again be made to
put the final strangle hold upon the democracy of Australia, by the inauguration of conscription. Whether it will
succeed remains to be seen. But it does
look as though capitalist politicians are
ull over the world alike. In fact they
arc just nbout as low, mean, vile and
contemptible in Australin ns they are
hero in British Columbin. But if they
got no working clnss support they
wouldn't Inst a week. There is not
much consolation in that, however, ia
there?
An Australian Visitor.
Mr. J, Woods, of Sydney, N. S. W.,
wns u visitor nt thc Labor Tomple this
week, en route to London, where ho
will participate in u "war" committee session having to do with munitions. Mr. Woods is president of tho
Australian Society of Progressive Car-
penters and Joiners, and a delegato to
the Sydney lnbor council. He wns
given a hearty reception by local officers of the carpenters' organizations.
Winnipeg Street Railway Employees.
Mr. .Justice Myers hns been appointed chnirman ot the bonrd nf conciliation
which will Inquire into differences bo-
tween the Winnipeg Street Railway
company and its employees, Isaac Pit-
bludo, K. (',, will represent the company
and D. Cftmpboll the men.
'A honry hand is a thing to blush
for, uot to be proud of."        * PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY...
...May 11, 161
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either party may sign
cheques or deposit money.
For the different members
of a family or a firm a joint
account is often a great convenience. Interest is paid
on balances.
Corner Hutlngi ud Ounble Sta.
J. Etwtrl Sun    oan: any. mo
SEARS &PATTON
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Vlctorit ud Vueounr
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raffle
ttm. Ony. (felt Bilk. Balldllf
VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
T. B. OUTBBEBTSON a 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
eao oruTiii. stmt
610 BtlUap Stmt Wut
OLELAND-DIBBLE ENQEAV-
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Limited
PHOTO  EHOBAVBBS,   OOMMEE*
OUI ABHSis   —'
Hm Snnooi 716*
"".te.™ BnUdlng,
_ VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Tbe onlr Union Shop in VmcoaTor.
Phon* Sey. 6183  12SS Oranvllle
ROOTE Auto Top Co.
SEAT OOVEBS, AUTO tTPHOI*-
STEBIKO, TOPS BE-OOVEBED
BLE0TBI0 nZTUBBS AI COST
PBIOBS
Sm is ud uto sum,.
Tke Jarvit Electric Co., Ltd.
S70 Bichards Street
ASK TOUB OBOOBB TOB
PRIM OF AIBBMA, and
MOTHERS' FAVORITB
FLOUR
UHIOH MILLED
■T M-LLnS * OOj Af.nu
Bg jMj Mil Hnilltu
SMITH'S BUTTON WOBES
HenuUlcblif, botlon. co.ered, .flopping button hole., pinking, .pong*
lei endShrinking, lettering, plcot edging,   pleetlng,   racnlng,   embrolderr,
•"SSISSSl**;.   ItlO Btyfti at.
VAHOOUVEB, B.O.  VIOTOBBTYo.
gt.ll. Set. Sill Phcillieo
DO IT NOW
Set taujr ud bn. jour old bicycle
nude Uke new. We will enamel end
nuk. yonr wheel look Uke new from
15.50 np.   AU kind! of rep.lt. it
HASEINS ll ELLIOTT
eia-611 How. Butlngi 412
PantageS
UnKuUed VrndetlUi lliui
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.... ?^S ??0W.S »**»
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To member, of .nr union tn Canada a
•PMlel rate for The Federations of |1
— 7.U—If • clob of 10 or more U cent
C
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"Unity of Ubor:  tbe Hope of tbo World'
FRIDAY. May 11, 1917
HOWEVEB MUCH truth there may
be in the assertion that the pro-
sent war iB being fought between
the forces of progress and democracy
upon the one side, and those of reaction
upon , the   othor,   lot
THE no ono bo led away
AFTERMATH      with    the     delusion
OP WAB. that any part of the
world is to oscnpo its
withering blaBt, or participation in the
misery and suffering that will follow in
its wako. Millions of mon cannot be
taken from peaceful and productive pursuits and set at the task of wasting and
destroying upon such a gigantic scalo
as is now being done, without speedily
bringing the whole world face to face
with widespread misery and actual starvation. Much has boen and is yet boing said about the terrible danger that
lies behind the present unrestrained use
of submarines in the sinking of merchant shipping ■ freighted with foodstuffs, but even without that menace it
would bo but a matter of a little longor
time ere the world would be brought to
a realization that starvation upon a
wide scale was upon it. It would be
bound to' come, sooner or later, for thc
very simple reason that the world only
lives practically from hand to mouth,
evon in times of peace. The world's
food supply is only produced from year
to year. There is never more than a
few months aupply on hand ,at any
given time. All of the great staples
have to be reproduced at least evory
twelve months, and a very great portion
of the necessary things evon oftener
than that. Even the most durable and
lasting of the things required by modern civilization, such as buildings, tools,
machinery, etc., survive but a few
years, and. this is made possible only
by new labor being continually expended upon them in tho way of care
and repairs.
* *      *
Lot the production of foodstuffs be
stopped but for a few weeks, or at the
most a few months, and all tho world
-would starve. Let the food supply of
any of the great cities bo cut off for
even a few days,' and suffering will
manifest itself amongst wide sections
of the population and the spectre of
death by starvation will soon walk the
streets. This spectre is evon now
haunting tho dreams of nearly every nation on earth, as a consequence of tho
alarming interruption of the ordinary
productive processes of nations by this
wnr, and the tremendous and profligate
waste and destruction incidental to it.
While want and evon actual starvation
flrst confronts tho poople of those lands
wherein this savage warfare is immediately carried on, thero is no part of
the world that can escapo ultimately
falling into similar experience. There
are no secluded und safe corners of the
earth where timid civilized souls can
escape the blessings of civilization,
whether those blessings are bestowod
through tho channels of pence or scattered broadcast by thc whirlwind of
war. Millions are oven now being terribly pinched by privation on account
of this war. Probnbly hundreds of
thousands have already actually perished from starvation. Even if tho war
should stop this momont, it is a snfc
prediction that countless thousands will
yet actually starve to death, or succumb
to disease because of inability to withstand it on account of malnutrition, before the world production of necessary
foodstuffs, etc., can be again brought up
to normal requirements.
* #       *
It is not true that the war is being
fought with stored up products of the
past. It is not true in any sense whon
the matter of foodstuffs and clothing is
onsldorod. Much military equipment,
it Sh true, had been provided before the
aefcual breaking out of histilitios, but
oven that Immediately began to suffer
heavy depreciation at the very beginning, nnd onch nation has boen busy
ever since in reproducing it over nnd
over again. Were it not for this continual production and reproduction,
even the best equipped nation in tho
lot would havo boen helpless and harmless within at least a few months. Tho
margin between tho amount of tho
things vitally necessary to the sustenance of human kind, and thnt nre on
hand at any given momont and tho actual requirements at that moment, is so
narrow that the withdrawing of millions
of producers from the ranks of industry
and turning them to devastation, destruction and waste will as certainly call
down actual starvation upon the world,
as that the earth will turn upon its
axis. This war ia not yet threo years
old, but the fact of widespread privation
and even actual starvation has already
been brought home to millions of tho
world's people. The remaining millions will, in time, get their quota of
similar experience.
* * *
And the capitalist state is powerless
to deal with the situation. Even such
resources as might otherwise be available, and such organization as might be
effected in order to hasten production
and get the greatest possible results
from the supplies that are available,
cannot be properly utilized under the
rule of capitalist proporty. Tho underlying principle of capital nullifies tho
purposo in view. That underlying principle is proflt. It is getting something
for nothing. It is in evidence in ovory
transaction, whether on account of war
or peace, undor tho rule of capital. It
is equally true whether tho nation be
outright capitalist with democratic
wabblings, or semi-feudal, semi-capitalist and afflicted with autocratic "para-
noa." The problem of making the
most of the resources and food supplies
that are available for the purpose of
bringing the war, as speedily as possiblo to a successful conclusion, and reducing the aftermath of privation, suffering and actual starvation to a minimum, cannot be solved except by striking out all profit from the production
and distribution of the things required
for the prosecution of the war, and the
sustenance of the people. No capitalist
state can do that. By that act it would
cease to be a capitalist state. It would
become a socialist state. Before that
awful alternative the rulers and alleged
stntOBmen of every nation on earth,
either feudal or capitalist, stand in gib-
boring impotence like unto the drunken
guests at Belshazzar's feast. Tho capitalist ownership, control and manipulation of everything with which the war
is fought and the people try to feed
themselves, goes merrily on, still further devastation of territory occurB,
more thousands of human beings aro
slaughtered, and the peaceful millions
are forced ever closer to the brink of
actual death by starvation. Tho war
does not need to continue for another
threo years to either force the advent
of the socialist state—that is the collective control and operation of industry for the collective or common good—
or bring tho extermination of more than
ono great nation through the starvation
of its people. Somo of tho aftermath
of this war will prove exceedingly interesting, especially to capitalist and
other ruling clnss pirates.
—SAVE TOTO MONEY—
0. 8. HARRISON, Manager,
« OranviUe and Fender
START A BANK ACCOUNT IN
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BANK OF CANADA
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The Merchants Bank of Canada
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money, and will givo you full
banking sorvico, whether your account is large or small.
Interest allowed on savings deposits.
O. N. STAGEY, Manager
Hastings and Oarrall
LORD BHONDDA is rated as ono of
tho world's great "captains of industry." That is tho term applied
to thc big fellows among the useless and
extremoly costly portion of human society that does noth-
THE ing in return for its
BOURGEOIS keep except to own
CONSCIENCE, the rest nnd pose as
the salt of the earth,
the saviors of civilization and tho custodians of its material welfare. Of
course, their pretensions are pure bunk,
bat even this is not yet known to a
sufficient number of the patient animals
that carry the burdenB of civilization
upon their servile backs, to render tho
position of the pretenders nt all insecure. They are still quite firmly seated in the saddle of authority over thc
slaves of Industry, and with reasonable
assurance of a considerable and eminently pleasurablo journey yet before
them. This Bhondda person is, wc believe, a "Welshman, one of tho precious
coal mine owners of that pnrt of the
footstool known ns Wales. lie is reputed to bo nlso possessed of largo interests in England, France, Italy, Spnin,
Russia, Brazil and Argentine. For oil
we know to the contrary, he might even
have some small interests in Germany,
also. In fact, it*is most difficult to tell
just where the interests of these famed
great "captains of industry" mny lead
them, because the source of tho greatest
profits are not always known to the
common herd of men. If it were there
would bo much new light thrown upon
tho business connections of many of
our noisiest and most vociferous patriots. Thero is no doubt about that.
# * #
Lord Rhondda—wo do not know what
his real name is—is also a member of
tho Lloyd George cabinet. Being a
groat and successful business man, he
must know all nbout thnt particular
trade or art of accumulating simoleons,
by separating the wealth producers
from the wealth they bring' forth by
thoir labors. None who havo given anything like careful study to tho business
game cnn be led away by the delusion
that this delightful nrt hns nny othor
purpose. Now when such shining lights
in the business world ns the aforesaid
Lord, mnke pronouncement as to tho
condition of business ns it exists in
countries actually nt wnr, or the conditions thnt will prevail in a country or
countries nbout to plunge into wnr, it
ill becomes the unlettered and common
mnn of the street to attempt tn contradict him. When it comes to talking intelligently nnd authoritatively ahout
business, who should be capable of so
doing if it bo not great und eminently
successful business men themselves?
what does the common man know about
business anyway? The most that ho is
cnpnblo of is doing ns he is told, und
drawing all of liis wisdom and knowledge nf things from his betters, whom
tho ruler of the universe hath 'undoubtedly appointed to not only rulo over
him, but also to provide him with men
tal pabulum in the way of such instruction and guidance as may be for the
good of his immortal sould and the per-
potuation of the rule of his earthly
shepherds.
*      *      *
Such being the case, it is meet and
proper to accept the assurance of Lord
Rhondda to the American business men,
that possible fears of business Iosb
through the war are likely to prove "unfounded." It is to be understood by
this that no matter; what the war may
cost those who offer up their lives upon
ita altar, the great business world will
not appreciably suffer. Some people
have been of the opinion that war spelled loss to everybody concerned, but that
is not the case, according to our authority, for he says distinctly tbat, "certainly it haa not been the case in England, except in isolated cases in some
lines." He adds by way of proof, that
"the government realized $700,000,600
from its excess profits laBt year. This
means profits abovo tho normal, beforo
tho war, profits. The profits laat year
were (1,160,000,000, Bince $700,000,000
represents the sixty per cent, tax, Moreover, last year's profits wero achieved
with but little evidence of so-called profiteering. Labor outlined itB due proportion in increased wages—as witnessed by the ability of the workingmen
to meet tho increased cost of living and
at the same time spend more."
Just how the proflt accruing to captains of industry like Lord Bhondda
could bo kept at normal, while enffugh
must have been added to the price of
the goods sold to bring to the government $700,000,000, and at the same time
wages be increased so aB to admit of
the workingmen successfully meeting
the increased cost of living and still
have more money to spend than formerly, is a mathematical conundrum
that is certainly a tough one for dull-
witted mortals to crack-. Bt that as it
may, however, the main thing to be
pointed out ia that business need not
and does not suffer by war. The bourgeois conscience may and does rest easy
upon that point. Such being the case,
what in the world1 ia there to kick
about? So long aa the business world
is not unduly disturbed by Its profits
being threatened, there is no logical reason why any one should object because
the shattered and battered fragments of
a few million heroes are promiscuously
and even violently distributed over a
considerable section of tho earth's Bur-
face. So long as businoss prospects are
good, what more can bo reasonably de'
sired? Tho answer is, nothing. That is
why the bourgeois conscience, as typified by Rhondda and his ilk, remains
serene and undisturbed. Let the war
go on.   Business IS good.   Glory be!
ONCE UPON A time a certain eminent Englishman, in referring to
another equally eminent ono, snid,
that 'ho was intdxicated with tho exuberance of his own verbosity." It ap'
r pears that thore are
EXUBERANCE   various sorts of in-
OF toxication, or perhaps
PATRIOTISM, moro proporly speaking, there are various
things in thiB world possessed of intoxicating qualities. Among othor things
we note that the virtue known as patriotism seems to carry with it a peculiarly olevating effect upon certain individuals, an effect that at times bears a
striking similarity to that produced by
somo brands of liquor, nnd dogrees of
religion. Some patriots thero nro, nnd
they are not a few, to whom patriotism
is but a blind obedienco to tho sclf-ap
pointed rulers of the earth, no matter
how vulgar their schemes or 'unscrupulous their methods of foisting them
upon their victims. That brand of patriotism is quite in evidence at the present time, even here in enlightened
Canada. Those addicted to it are usually the noisiest nnd most persistent
boosters for forcing other people to tho
danger zone, while they remain modestly and Bafely at home. They aro great
on flag waving and standing on their
hind legs every time absont-mindod
musicians happen to fall fouf of somo
lugubrious nntionnl nnthem. Thoro are,
of course, real patriots in most every
country. They nre not noiay, blustering
and vulgar in their patriotism. Many
of them in fact havo so much real respect for their nntionnl flag that they
refuse to 'use it liko nn ordinary commercial emblem,'or cheap advertising
matter, Somo of them are Bo'extremoly
touchy upon tho matter of tho sacredness of natioaal flags that they even
insist that such an emblem ought nover
to- bo hoisted over anything but national property, or for n national purpose.
That it should not bo vulgarizod and
cheapened by being hung out of every
shop window sold over shop counters,
toted around by kids both old nnd
young, and whose noBes often need wiping, kowtowed to by silly and feebleminded gowks who perhaps know no
better, but cannot help it, and generally hawked about, and flung about, and
scnttored about, and used for advertising purposes, for tho purpose of street
bogging, and for the thoufland and one
othor unseemly and doubtful purposes
that national flags aro so frequently
used in thoso dull nnd vulgar days of a
cheap and extremely hypocritical and
nasty commercialism. But; of courso,
that sort of "patriotism is not considered tho real thing. It is'nt noisy
enough. It isn't vulgar enough to bo
noticeable. It does not possess tho virtuo of inducing that intoxication nnd
vulgarity that proclaims,its genuineness to thc multitude that is similarly
afflicted. An exuborant .patriotism is
eminently more satisfying to tho average intelligence than ono that is
prompted by sanity, good sense and a
healthy regard for one's country nnd
the welfare of its people. In othor
words, it is moro in tuno with the times
to be patriotically drunk than patriotically sober.
II
POLITICAL LIFE
INB.C.
The Genesis of a Campaign
Fund and Subsequent
Revelations
The River of Liberal Purity
Cleanses the Filthy Augean Stables
TO ANT ONE at all familiar with
A the political history of British Columbia during the past dorado, it must
be appareat that If the political life of
any part of the British Empire can have
sunk to a lower and meaner level than
that which has been reached here, it
must certainly have been going some. It
is almost beyond the power of the imagination to conceive of anything worse
than the condition now existing, and
whioh has long since come to be goner-
ally recognized as the bost that can be
reasonably expected in this province.
The government of the province has
long since become so openly notorious
aB a prolific breeding place of all that
is mean, coarse and vile in political un-
cleanliness, graft and swindle, that its
very name has become a synonym for
all that is corrupt, rotten and foul.
For more than a decade that band of
unscrupulous political rogues commonly
known as the Conservatives, held undisputed sway over the capitalist compost
neap' of pelf and plunder in British Columbia,' and it is known to everybody
in the provinco that thoso political
rogues made the most of thoir opportunity while the making was good. The
Conservatives were never accused, during their long lease of power, of ever
inaugurating a progressive measure or
doing anything else but oppose such
measures if any ono else had the temerity to even suggest anything along thnt
line. Tho entire time and enorgy of
this precious buneh was earnestly and
whole-heartedly devoted to the intensified cultivation of the main chance.
And probably never was a bunch of political adventurers more fortunate in
having their lines cast in close proximity to a splendid patrimony, than were
these Conservative patriots and statesmen (may the Lord forgivel) A
wealth of natural resources ia the shape
of land, timber, mineral, flsh, etc., wob
gambled away with the utmost abandon
to whatever sordid and unscrupulous
profit-hungry intorost mado due and
proper application therofor, couched in
terms suitably calculated to appeal to
tho 'understanding of low down politicnl
rogues. Tho arguments advanced were
no doubt sound and convincing, for it
has been noted that a large and presumably flourishing business was happily
carried on throughout tho Conservative
regime.
The Day of Putty Dawns.
Tho average man of theso times just
dotes on purity. Ho is a rcgulnr stick*
ler for probity and righteousness, Especially in public conduct. Ho might
cheat his poor old grandfather out of
his eyo teeth in a horse trado ond think
it nil right, bat ho will howl liko a coyote by moonlight, over whnt he terms
corruption nnd graft in govornment. Of
course, it is really nono of his business,
especially if ho bolongs to that section
of tho community that owns nothing
but its labor powor, and can't even get
a bito to eat without selling thot, but
poor soul, ho don't know it. Bands of
political roguos that happen to bo wnn-
dering in the wildorness outside tlio
sweet precincts of tho treasury benches,
and whose hunger is great, know rill
about this delusion of tho common man.
And these bands work thoir knowlodgo
for all it is worth. They bawl out tho
"grafters so snugly ensconced alongsido
the treasury vaults, and tho common
man oventually comeB to the roscuc of
thoso unhappy ones who "hunger and
aro athirst." Tho grafting bunch is
ousted nnd the disciples of "pure politics" get next. Thnt is whnt happened
in this province last fall. It is probably not necessary to ref rcBh tho memory
of oven the oldest inhabitant in regnrd
to some of tho methods used by tho purity devotees to gain their ends. Bc-
Bidos it is painful to do so. Tninful in
a double sense. Painful to t he who
opens the old sore, especially if ho bo
a good Christian who believes in forgiving and forgetting, and nlso pninful
to those who own tho sore. Woll, tho
Liberals won last fall, and at onco got
buBily at work.
.   How They Cleansed the Stables.
It is common knowledge that no timo
wob lost in proceeding with the uncovering of the graft and corruption thnt
everybody knew tho Conservatives hnd
beon guilty* of during their long roign
ns custodians of tho capitalist jackpot
in tho province. Thc railway policy of
tho Conservative governmont covorod
hugo manipulntions of money nnd resources, thnt overy ono roulized contnin*
od opportunities for politicnl cntorpriBC
that might bring fnr moro valuable rewards than mere verbal enconiums and
words of praise. Tho Liberals instinctively knew thin. So it wob not a more
accident that thoy commenced to probo
into those railway matters. The notorious P. G. E. nffair commanded their attention at onco. An inquiry soon goo
down to tho fact that money had undoubtedly boen forthcoming from the
promoters of the P. G. E., for the benefit of the campaign fund of the wicked
Conservative party. Tho first peep into
the campaign fund matter, nowover,
struck such terror to tho Liberal heart
thnt n halt was immediately called and
the lid of tho graft pot was ngnin
clamped down tight. Upon enquiry boing made as to why this rich vein was
not followed up and further disclosures
brought forth, n certain legal gentleman not nltogothor a strnngor to tho
proceedings of tho inquiry, iB nllcged to
hnvo rcmnrkod, thnt "there wouldn't
be anybody left in the leglslnturo nt
Victoria, if it was followed up."
The Beans Are Spilled.
And now comes the charge that money
was paid directly into thc hands of the
present nttornoy-gonornl of tho province, by thc ngcntB of tho C. N R., just
prior to tho election Inst fall, nnd which
resulted in the election of tho nforoBnid
attorney-general. And thnt monoy wns
pnid to him for purposes of tho campaign. It wob a contribution to the
campaign "fund. A cheque for 115,000
wns drawn by Rod .1. Mackenzie, a
brother of tho head of tho C. N. R.
Dr. Mackenzie cashed tho cheque and
turnod tho proceeds ovor to M. A. Macdonald. now tho hon. the attorney-general of British Columbia.   Though thc
money is alleged to have been a contribution to tho Liberal campaign fund, it
did not reach the party treasury, bnt is
said to have been expended by Macdonald himself during tho campaign. It
will be remembered that the hon. the
attorney-general, M. A. Maedonald, was
frequently mentioned in connection
with the "plugging" scandal that came
out of the bye-election of last year.
True, the 415,000 contributed to the
Liberal cause by Bod J. Mackenzie,
need not be considered as a contribution, made by the C. N. R., of whioh his
father is the head. Even though the
entire matter of conveying the funds to
the hands of the head purist of the Liberal party, was carried out by members
of the Mackenzie clan alone, there is
nothing to justify so base a suspicion
as that it was a C. N. R. bribe to influence a prospective Liberal government. But whether lt be that, or mere*
ly an expression of party love, loyalty
and devotion upon the part of Rod J.
Mackenzie himself, matters not. The
beans are Irretrievably spilled, and the
Hon. M, A. Macdonald, the chief custodian of the law in this province, is in
bad. S)o bad that he will probably
stay in. He had far better have owned
up to paying Gosden that 450.
Lack of lubricating oil in Germany
is one of the entente's most powerful
allies. It was recently brought out in
a prize court hearing at London, that
8000 locomotives were laid up at Essen
last month, becauso of a lack of lubricants.
FACTS ABOUT
SHOES
When yu buy foreign footwear
yon pay nearly 40 per eent. of the
price to the customs for duty.
Watt's the tue?
When you ean get equally aa
good, made In Canada by union
workmen. Perfect in every respect; fully guaranteed and save
$2.00 to $3.00 per pair.
CLUFF SHOE CO.
649 Hastings Street Weat
SHOP AT
SLATER'S
Slater's Ayrshire Bacon, Ib... SSe
Slater's Streakey Bacon, Ib. 26c
Slater's value Tea, Ib 26c
Slater's value Coffee, lb  26c
We deliver to all puts.
131 Hastings St. Eut   Sey. 3262
830 Granville St.      Bey. 866
3214 Main Street.    Fair. 1883
WB OATBB TO UNION TRADE
Sou-Van Milk
Should be ln the home ef every
UNION
man.
IS IT IN TO0SB?
Fait. 2624
Poultry Wanted
BEST PBIOES
HARRY STEVENS
Phon* Seymoar 1097
         910 aranvill* St.
W. R. OWEN
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows,
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
SYNOPSIS  OF   OOAL  MINING   RECTOLA-
TION8.
COAL mining righti of tha Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the North-Weat Territories
and In a portion of the Provinco of Brltlih
Columbia, may be leaaed for a term of
twenty-one yeara renewal for a further term
of 21 yeara at an annual rental of f 1 an aore.
Not more than 2,500 acrea will be leaaed to
ono applicant.
Application for a leaae muat be made by
tho applicant in porson to the Agent or Sub*
Agent of tho district in whieh tlio rights applied for are situated.
In survoyed territory the land muat be des*
sorlbod by sections, or legal sub-divisions of
soctlons, and in unsurvoyed territory the
tract applied for ihall be ataked out by the
applicant himsolf.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5 which will be refunded if Hit
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of fivo cents per ton.
Tho person operating the mine shall fur*
nlsh tho Agent with sworn returni accounting
for the full quantity of merchantable coal
mined and pay the royalty thereon. If tne
coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
Tho lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, rosclndod by Chap. 27 of 46
George V, assented to 13th Juno, 1914,
For full information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
tho Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agont or Bub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the  Interior.
N.B.—Unauthorised publication of '.his ad-
vertliement will not ba paid for.—f*;576.
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 876.—Offlc
, Boom S08 Labor Tempit. MeeU flr
Sunday ol each month. President, Jam
Campbell; financial aeoretary, J. Smith, fi]
Holden Bldg.; Box 424* phone Sey. 2571
recording aeoretary, Wm. MotUshaw, Glol
Hotel, Main atreet.
VANC0JIVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEE1
tat  tnd  tWrd  ThoMdan.   Exenty
board; James H. MoVtty, president; Fred j
Hoover, vloa-pmident; Victor R. Mldgle
Jeneral aeeretary, 210 Ubor Temple; Fri
.aowlee. treaiurer; YV. H. Cotterill, statist
clan; sergeant-at-arms, Gtorga Harrison; .
J. Crawford. Ju. Campbell, f. Halgl, in
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL*
_ *•**» ■••??* Monday in tha mont
Pmldant, J. MeKlnnon; aeoretary, R. ]
Nttlandi, P. Q. Box 08.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTEBNATIQ]
„ •tl-0?io,l,of An»«tW! Uml No. 120-
Meeta 2nd nnd 4tfc 'Tuadaya in tha mont
Room 805 Labor Ttmplt. Preildent, L. 1
Herrltt; aeoretary, 6. H. Grant, 1671 Albert
street.
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS, NO. 1*
Moat Sad and 4th Wtdntodan, 8 p.n
Room 807. Preaident, Chaa. F. Smith; ce
responding aeoretary, W. & DagnaU, Box 81
nnanclal aeeretary, W. J. Pipes.	
BREWERY WORKERS. L. 0. Mo. 281,1. 1
„r U. B. W. of A.—Meata tat and thli
Wednetday of eaoh month, Room 802. Labi
Ttmplt. 8 p.m. Prtaldtnt, A. By km; osoi
tary.   Frank Graham, 2266 Twelfth avtni
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKE!
and Iron Ship Bnlldora and Helptn <
America. Vanoouver Lodgo No. 184—Moo
tat and third Mondaya, 8 p-m. Frealdei
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avtnut wes
iecretary, A. Fraatr, 1161 Howe street.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AN
OPERATING   ENGINEERS — Looal   N
620. Meete every Sunday, 8 p.m., Labi
Temnle.- President. William Walker; vie
president, J. R. Flynn; secretary*treaaure
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Tempi
Phone Hey. 749'5.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF TB
Paoiflo—Moota at 487 Gort avtnut tvei
Tueiday, 7 p,m,    RuaatU Kearley, buaint
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 21
—Mteta in Room 205, Labor Tempi
tvory Monday, 8 p.m. Prtaldtnt, D. W, ll
Dongall, 1169 Powell atreet; recording aeoi
tary, John Murdock, Labor Ttmplt; flnanol
aeoretary and business agent, E. H. Morrlso
Room 207, Labor Templt.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S A
soolation, Looal 88*53—Office and ha
804 Pender Btreet east. Meeta every Thar
day 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapmai
business agent, J. Mahone,
MACHINISTS,  NO.   182—MEETS  SE0ON
and fourth Thursdaya at 8 p,m.    Prei
dent,  Wm.   Small;   recording   aeoretary.
Brooks:  financial aeeretary, J. H. MeVet
211 Labor Temple.    Beymour 7495.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPER,
ton' Union, Looal 848, I. A. T. 8. E.
M. P. M. O.—MeeU firat Sunday of eai
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. Preside!
J. R. Foster; business agent, Sam Halgl
flnanolal and corresponding secretary, O. ,
Hansen, P. O. Box 845.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORT
America—Vaneoaver and vicinity.*
Branch meeta second and fourth Monday
Room 205, Labor Temple. Preaident, Ri
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenne weat; flna
olal aeeretary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argy
street: recording secretary, E. Westmorelan
1512 Yew atreet.   Phono Bayvlew 2698L.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS—Looal N
188—Meets aecond an fourth Thursda:
of each month, room 80S,' Labor Temp]
Pn-MHi.nt, John McNeil; financial secretar
Goo. H. Weaton; recording aeeretary, Ji
Wilson, room 808, Labor Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY El
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101-
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth We
neadays at 8 p.m. Preaident, J. Hubbl
vice-president, E, S, Cleveland; recording ai
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity ttrei
phone Highland 168R; financial aeeretary ai
business agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Cla
drive, office corner Prior and Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION C
America, Local No, 178—Meetings hi
first Monday In each montb, 8 p.m. Prei
dont, J. T. Ellsworth; vice-president. Ml
H. Gutteridge; recording aeeretary, W. 1
Hooken, Box 603; flnanolal aeoretary, '
Wood, P, O. Box 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—Mei
last Sunday of eaeh month at 2 p.i
Preaident, H. O, Benson; vice-presldei
W. R. Trotter; secretary treasurer, R. ]
Neelands, P. O. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU
annual convention in January. Executl
officers, 1917*18: Preaident, J. Naylor, B
415, Cumberland; vice-presidents—Vanco
ver: Jas. H. MeVety, V. R. Mldgley, Lab
Temple, Victoria: J. Taylor, Box 1815. Vs
couver Island: W. Head, South Wollingto
Princo Ruport: W. E, Thompson, Box 60
New Westminster: W. Yates, 906 Londi
atroet. Kootenay Dlatrict: A. Goodwin, B
26, Trail. Crows Neat Valley: W. B. Pfa
lips, 176 McPherson avenne. Secretar
treasurer: A. S. Weill, Box 1538, Victor!
B. 0.
VICTORIA. B. Oi
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COU.
OIL—MeeU flrst and third Wednesda
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 88
vice-president, Christian Sivorts, 1278 De
man streot; secretary, B. Simmons, Box 80
Vlotoria, B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AN
OPERATING ENGINEERS—Local 44
Victoria, B. C. P. 0. address Box 92. Lot
union meets firat and third Sunday, 10 a.i
Place of meeting, Labor Hall, DeCoamoi bl
President. J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; aect
tary, J. M. Amer, 1045 McClure atreet; bni
ness agent, S. Galium, phone 1101R.
NEW WESTMINSTER. B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGC
of America, local 784,  New Westmlnatc
MeaU aecond Sunday of eaoh month at 1*1
nm     Soerwtary. F. W. Jameson. Box 496.
PRINOE RUPERT. B. 0.
PRINCE   RUPERT  TRADES  AND   LABO
Council—Meets second and fourth Tue
Jays of each month, In Carpentera* hall.  Pr
sldont, 8.   D.   Maedonald; seeretary, J.
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Rnpert, B. C.
SOUTH WELUNOTON. V. I.
LOOAL UNION. NO. 872. U. M. W. OF A.-
Meets second and fourth Snnday of eai
month, at 3.80 p.m., Richards Hall, Prei
dent. Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Ivei
recording secretary, Jas. Bateman; flnanc!
secretary, 8. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Rle
ardson.
How Much Alive
Are You?
One often hoars the expression,
"walking around to save funeral
expenses," and while It is intended as a joke, it is a half
truth. Tou commence to dio when
you commence to loose vitality.
More vital force is lost through
defective eyes tjmn in any other
way. Allow our specialist to cor-
roct your eye defects by means of
lenses glasses, and commence to
live.
Limited
8th Floor Birks Building
Beymour 4566 "■*■
■BtSBM
"■"■■
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiAi tAnrn
mitt noiBAiwa of iamb
EIGHTH YEAR.  No. 19
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C.,.FRIDAY, MAY 11, 1917
DAVID 8PBKOBB, LTD,
DAVID BPEMOEE, LTD.
We are Headquarters
for Fishing Tackle
Thli year we are Blowing a mere complete assortment of Tithing Tackle
than ever before—tackle to meet the watnta of the moit critical angler.
Outfit! for the boy or the expert fisherman, and prlcea are. remarkably
low considering the Increasing coat of practically all merchandise. Bead.
STEEL PLY BOD»-9% feet,- each   |2.60
STEEL BAIT BODS—9% feet; eaoh...
..12.60
COMBINATION-BOD—Fly or bait; each..;.   13.25
STEEL FLY AND BAIT BODI**V-9 feet; each J1.75
SPLIT BAMBOO BODS—Each  |1.60 and 12.26
BOYS' BODS—Bamboo jointed; each..™  26c, 60c and 96o
SALMON BODS—High grade. English..- ...16.96 and 19.76
BEELS—English walnut; each .76c, 11.45, $2.26 and 13.60
BEELS—Double multiplying; eaoh... 88c, 96c, 8110 and 81.26
?Sf~?^druI'le'' "^ ' -• -*1-00' mM and 82*36
LINES—A large assortment of the bast English and American lines, new
season's stook, nt prices ranging from the 10c boya' line to the highest
grade tapered lines at.  ....^. .I3.26
Every angler should make a point of Inspecting our showing of
accessories. _fifth Floor.
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
DAVID BPENOEB, LTD.
I
DAVID BPENOEB, LCD,
BOYS' DEPARTMENT
The Uni of Suits the boya Uke to wear are now on display.   Pinch
Backs, Norfolka, and all the new and up-to-date styles are shown.
ENGLISH JERSEYS
A NBW SHIPMENT -TOST EEOECVED
MEN'S SUITS
,      IN ALL THE NEW STYLES.
OVERALLS—OABHABTT'S AND OTHEB BRANDS-UNION LABEL
—WOBKJNO SHIBTS, GLOVES, ETO, Df OBEAT VABIBT7.
CLUBB & STEWART LIMITED
Tel. Sey. 702
308 to 316 Haatinga Straet Weat
"PrideoftheWest"
ask your dealer for
PRIDE OF THE WEST
KNIT GOODS
MADE IN VANCOUVER
UNION ^ OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
ota iupplt Ton with thi alhbd mmwa trade) toioh label
BAOLIT* BOMS, 161 HMllnfi Btmt BsTmoor »10
BLOOHBIBOEK,1-. K„ 910 Broidw., Eut J*.Iraont 80S
BB1HP A PEBRY. C» P.nd.r gtnet, W«rt  Birmou 1876
BUB&ABD  PUBLI8B1NU  CO,  711  S.**m-*ur  8trMl    8.,m»or  S5I0
OLiRKC 0  BTUABT.  SSO  Barmoir BUM)    .B^rmoor  S
0OW4N a BRU0KB008K. Ubor T.mpl. Balldinf Betmi., 1400
D0E8M01B PRIHTINO Od, <I7 Duu-tl, 8«~. trmev 1100
EVANS A HA8TINOB, Arts ud Onto Bids, Seymour 81 S.Jmour 6050
KERSHAW. 1. A, 5S1 Hows Bt T. Bet—a »«74
LATTA, B P„ SB! Oora Am.  ..Senear lose
llAINMUHTMO CO., 8S51 Hsin 81. Fairmont loss
HcLEAM A SHOEllAkEB. North Vuooivn S. Vu. 68
HOOBE PRINTINO OO.. (far. Oru.UI.ud Bobaon Bu 8*raoar «643
NEWS-AOVEBTIBER, 117 P.nd.r 81 Sopnonr 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Tnmw H Van. SO
PaOIPIO PRINTERS. World Balldinf Sermoar 0S03
PEAROE a HOD080N, tit HuUIlM Slml knw IMS
ROEDOE, 0 A, Cie Hoau Suwt  amemloi
801NDINAVUN PUBLISHING 00. 117 Cubit 81 !s.rnioor «60»
TERMINAL OITT PRESS. 101 Kloi.w.,  P.fnnont 1140
TBE STANDARD, Homer Strut  Bormoer 470
THOMSON STATtOKBT. 116 Hullnn W Oerntenr 1630
2KM5.*i- __$ IV^Xt-? k,li * FnlmonteaiB
WE8TEBN PRESS. SIS Oordott W Sornonr 7660
WESTERN 8PE0IALTT 00. SSI Diumilr 8t SeraoVr S616
WHITE * BINDON, 6SS Pendor Wtit Sormonr 1314
Writs "Palea IaW ea Tear Cejf visa Tea fat It te tie Mater
OF
EMPLOYEES I
Board of Inquiry Decide Unanimously in Favor
of Them
Value of Employees' Union
Now Recognized By
City Workers
BBIBF SUMMARY OF
BOARD'S RECOMMENDATIONS
Minimum wage of 13 a lay for
all olty laborers.
That tbe weekly wage of 318.50
Is the minimum neoeaaary to meet
an average family'a requirements
under the present Ugh cost of
living.
The board considers lt ivifair to
differentiate ln wages paid ln the
caae of elderly men employed bx
the city, and that If they are abJW
to do the work they ahould receive
33 per day; If not they should not
be retained.
That exception should be made
ln the caae of men who have been
in the employ of the dty for ten
years continuously, and they should
be given aome light work but atlll
receive tha minimum of 33 per day.
The board finds that no Bystem
of patronage exists ln the matter
of the appointment or promotion
of foremen.
Tha hoard recommends, however,
that the principle of promotion
from the ranks be adopted, and
that other things being equal,
length of aervice should be given
the preference in making promotions.
The board recommends that ln
laying off men the city adopt the
principle of "last an, first off."
That there was no discrimination
against any members of the Civic
Employes' union by the dty officials, la another of the findings of
the board. *
Tha board recommends that no
employe ahould be penalised without an opportunity to confront hla
accuser.
Recommendation ia alao made
that the dty favorably considers
the appointment of a permanent
board of arbitration of three members to hear HI appeals against any
decision by the dty engineer.
•THE ENQUIRY INTO THE demand
-t of the civic employes for an increase in wages'has resulted In a decision which is an all round victory
for tho mon who, through the Civic
Employees' union, demanded the investigation. So strong was the position
of the men nnd so clearly did they
prove thoir case that even the city's
representative on the board signed the
report in favor of the men's demnnds.
The report of tho arbitrators was released in time for submission to the
city council on Monday night. The
aldermen, howover, merely roferred tho
question to the board of works for roport. The mon will hold n special
meeting tomorrow night to consider
their action. Although thoy will finally accept the finding of tho board, no
action will probably thon be tuken-un-
less the city has made a declaration by
that time. Tho regular meeting of
the union will be held next Friday
night, by which time the city will have
probably taken action.
Iu viow of the fact that the city's
representative signed the report, it is
expected thnt the aldermen will accept
the result of the investigation,
Olty Has Provided for lncreaae
With roferenco to tho proposed advance in wages nffocting the city tax
rate,' the men say that statements to
this effect aro incorrect, as the city engineer's cstimnte for the year made
firovlsion for tho higher pay, although
t submitted a lesser total for the department than last year.
Union Membership Increasing.
One rosult of tho board's report .has
beon a great increase in the enrolment
of the Civic Employees' union. The
men now recognize that affiliation with
organized labor Is capable of attaining
actual results. One of them remarked
on joining that be felt ashamed because ho had not been connected with
the union during the fight it made for
better wagos and conditions. He added,
however, that he would feel even moro
ashamed If he did not hereafter cooperate with those forces whoso work
had obtained benofits fer him.
The men's union will celebrate tho
victory thoy hnve won by holding a
great smoker in the Labor Temple on
Saturday, May 19,-ipr whloh gathering
an interesting program is being arranged.
The full roport of the arbitration
board is as follows:
The Official Findings.
Sir: The undersigned members of
the board of conciliation, constituted
in this mater respectfully beg to report as follows:
Meetings of the board were held on
April 23, 24, 20, 27 and 30, and on
May 1, 2, 3, i and 6 at the courthouse
Vancouver,
Throe matters of complaint were
specified in the application for ap-
pointment of the board, all of which
were Invostigated.
First—The men demand a minimum rate of (3 ner day. In opening
this branch of the case, Mr. J. H. McVety, representing the men, accepted
as fair the first of the principles laid
down ln the report, dated May 7,
1913, of a former conciliation board
dealing with a similar dispute between
the same parties, viz., "that every
laborer must bo paid a wago sufflclent
to enable him to maintain himself and
pris family In a reasonable degree of
comfort." Tho present board endorses
this principle, subject to tho qualifications hereinafter set out, and consider
it decisive on this branch of the case
in favor of tbo men's demand. The
maximum earning power of a laborer
in the city's employ under the city's
timo schedule at (3 a day, would be
(la Vaaeoavsr \
. Ottr. »a.oo   ;
$1.60 PER YEAR
$16.50 per week. , Thia ia subject to
deductions for holidays, the men being
paid only for time actually put in. The
board in convinced that, under prevail'
ing cost of living conditiona in Vancou
ver (which conditions have now lasted
for at least eight months, and which
are progressively becoming more onerous with every indication of becoming
accentuated is the immediate future),
this sum of $10.50 is the minimum
necessary to meet, the requirements ot
the above cited principle. It is true
that the city's financial obligations are
heavy and that it, in common with
everyone, is feeling the strain of this
period of storm and Btreus, but it is
equally apparent that the laborers are
not responsible for either condition.
Unfair to Shift the Burden.
In the opinion of the board, it is unfair to shift the burden occasioned by
optimistic expenditures created largely
by the action of the ratepayers themselves, upon the shoulders of laboring
men to suoh an extent as to depress
their earnings below tbe amount necessary to maintain themselves and their
families in a reasonable degree of comfort, and it is equally unfair to- do thiB
because world conditions are reacting
unfavorably on the flnnncial status of
the city, and of the ratepayers individually. The labor Ib necessary to preserve
the city's assets and to furnish the citizens with the protection and facilities
they require, and it must, in the board's
opinion, be paid for on the above cited
principle as a minimum.
Problem of Elderly Men.
The question Ib, however, complicated
bv the fact that the cltv has in its employ a number of elderly men who are
incapable of doing a fair day's work.
The board conceives that the above-
cited basic principle must be qualified
by the addition that the laborer must
be worthy of his hire. To burden the
ratepayers with paying $3 a day for
labor worth only say $2.50, is to distribute charity under the guise of
wages. The question arises, why not
pay the rate the work is actually worth,
and it is one of great difficulty and one
that has given the board much concern.
The taBk of differentiating between
men, which the adoption of euch a
course would entail, would be most invidious and in the opinion of the board,
a course of continuous friction and
trouble. The constant pressure on' an
employing body, owing itB position to
practically universal suffrage, both
male and female, would, the board believes, result in an undue extension in
the numbers of such employees, so that
a fair return of the money expended
would not be obtained and thus an injustice done the ratepayers. This result
would be accentuated, the board believes, by the feeling of the men themselves, who, finding themselves classed
as not expected to do an ordinary day's
work, would set a low standard as to
what a day's work, under the circumstances, should be. Any attempt to ameliorate this by utilizing foremen would
probably mean greater expense than if
efficient labor were employed, bb more
foremen would probably be required,
and would almost certainly occasion
continuous trouble. The knowledge that
such a system was in operation Would
act as a magnet to draw a great number
of elderly men of the' province to Vancouver, already by far the largest city
in British Columbia, and consequently
having already amongst its citizens a
large number of elderly men. It would
be impossible, no matter how generously such a system was operated, to give
employment to all or even any considerable part of the inefficient labor now in
the city, bo that the influx thereby
brought about would Berve to increase
on the ratepayers the existing burden
of supporting the unemployed ineftlci-
ents by charity.
Consider Ratepayers' Interests.
Tho adoption of the board's view by
the city may occasion hardship in individual instances of present employees,
but, regrettable as this Ib, the board
feels its duty to recommend such adoption. The ratepayers' position must
also be considered in these strenuous
times, and whilst it is a fact that the
city has in the past preserved its unemployed from want, the board believes
a clear division between the city's
charitable and its business activities
the only practical course under the circumstances. As stated, only a small
proportion of the total inefficient labor
now in the city can, in the opinion of
the board, be employed by the city at
any one time. If some few are chosen
to work all the time, a feeling of rankling injustice is engendered Tn the remainder. If a system of shifts is adopted, aU must have recourse to the city
charity* and waste and individual demoralization, so far as labor return for
money paid bb wages by the city must
result, the board believes.
Reward for Ten Yews* Service.
The board is of the opinion, however,
that in the case of employees who have
served the city faithfully and continuously for a period of ten years other
considerations arise. The city is not
confronted in this connection by the
problem of competition aB Is tho private
employer, and the citizens bb a whole,
the board believes, should show themselves model employers, even at some
cost to themselves, by continuing to employ such mon at the standard rate of
wage so long as they are able to perform a reasonable nmount of light
work, of which the city has fortunately some considerable amount which
must be dono at all times. Of this
branch of the case, therefore, the board
recommends a minimum wage of (3 a
day for all employees and that only efficient labor be employed except in the
case of men who have been in the employ of the city continuously for a period of ten yearB. TheBe, the board recommends, should be continued in the
employ of the city at the standard rate
of (3 a day so long as they are physically able to continue at work.
No Patronage System Exists.
The second request is for the appointment of foremen by a system of seniority and efficiency instead of tho present
system of patronage. The board finds
that no system of patronage was proved
to exist. It recommends that the city
adopt the principle of promotion from
the ranks wherever possible. Fitness
for the position to bo the primary consideration. In the evont of two men
equally capable, length of servioe to be
givon the preference. In the past,
whilst there haB been some promotions
from the ranks, tbere has been apparently no recognized principle acted
upon. Tho adoption of the one suggested and the bringing of it to the knowledge of tbo mon, would, the board believes, bo au incentive to the men to do
good work and would relieve the city
authorities from any suspicion of favoritism.    In this conneotlon the board
UBOR CANDIDATE
TO BE CU ON
JUNE I
Membership Have Five No-
- minees from Which to
Choose Two
Official Circular Sets Forth
the Conditions of the
Selection
THUESDAY, June 7, Is the date set
by the eiecutive for the closing of
the referendum voto of the affiliated
membership of organized labor in Vancouver, to select a candidate or two to
contest tho forthcoming bye-election, at
whatever dato mny be filed upon by
the' Brewster government. Secretary
Midgley has mailed circulars to local
unions ub follows:
To All Affiliated Organizations.
Greeting: In response to this council's
request for nominations for candidates
to contest the coming bye-election in
the eity of Vancouver in the interests
of Labor, ten namesjwere submitted by
the affiliated unions—five of whom have
declined to stand. On the attached form
you will find the names of the five candidates who have accepted the nomination, together with the names of the
unions who have nominated them. You
are requested to submit these names to
your members at your next meeting, to
be voted on by secret ballot. Each
member may vote for one or two candidates, and after the ballots have been
counted, the secretary will fill out the
attached form and return to the secretary of the council not later than
Thuraday, June 7,1917.
Tha Nominees.
J. A. Byron—Nominated by Street
Bailway Employees.
B. 8. Cleveland—Nominated by Street
Bailway Employees.
Helena Gutteridge—Nominnted by
Garment Workers.
J. H. lie Vety—Nominated by Commercial Telegraphers, Moving Picture
Operators, Civic Employees, City Firemen's Union, Tailors, Garment Workers, Clgarmakers, Bricklayers, Brewery
Workers, Steam Engineers, Machinists,
Painters.
W. B. Trotter—Nominated by Pins
terers, Moving Picture Operators, Civic
Employees, Tailors, Bricklayers.
recommends that in the laying off of
men, when rendered necessary by conditions, other things being equal, the
city adopt the principle of last on first
off. In making promotions, the bonrd
agrees the city should deal with men according to the class of labor tbey are
employed in, and not be compelled to
make promotions in any ono department
exclusively from tho men working in
sueh department.
No Discrimination Agalmt Union.
The third point raised in the application is discrimination ngninst members
of the anion. The board finds this not
proven, though some changes wero mode
whieh might reasonably lead the mon to
believe that there wan sueh discrimination. A statement to the men affected,
of the reasons why such changes wero
necessary, would probably have pro-
vented the complaint having beon
lodged. The board recommends that in
future this course be pursued whon
changes are made that result in a man
getting a lower rate of pay or a less do*
Htrable position.
Whilst not formally sot out in thc application, two matters camo up during
the hearing which the board deems it to
be its duty to deal with. Evidonco was
given that a mnn, who hnd met with an
accidont whilst in the city's employ, en-
countered some difficulty and delay in
obtaining re-employment nfter his recovery. The board conceives thnt tho
city Bhould recognize the principle that
every effort should be made to rolastato
without delay anyone so injured in bis
old position aftor his recovery, if ho is
capable of filling it, and if not, to flnd
him some other position which ho is
cnpable of filling as near in wngo remuneration aB may be to the one formerly held by him.
Confront Accused with Accuser.
Agnin it waa shown that men were
sometimos penalised without being confronted with their accusers, resulting in
ono instnnce, at nny rate, in hardship
to some of the individuals concerned.
Investigation was made, it is truo, nnd
in the opinion of the bonrd, conscicnti
ously made, but no confronting of accused with accuser took pluco. This
fault is attributable to tho unfair system, not to its administration in tho
past. It is olementnry justice thnt no
mnn should bo condemned without a
fair trial, and It is clear to tho bonrd
that no fair trial can take placo unless
the accused party sees his accuser, hears
his statement, has an opportunity to
crosseinmlno him and to be heard on
his own behalf. The board recommends
tbat this principle be adopted ln futuro
and its adoption be communicated to
the man.
Recommends Permanent Board.
A trial postulates a tribunal. In tho
past this tribunal hns been Mr. F. I,.
Fellowes, the city engineer. Ho hns
had a most difficult task to fulfil in connection with labor in the pnst three
years in the city. Tho men assert thnt
no matter how upright an individual
may be, he may err in n givon Instance,
and daily experience of life proves the
correctness of thoir opinion. They usk
that a board of arbitration to be com*
posed of a nominee of the men, a nominee by the city council nnd n third to
bo selected by tho other two be sot up
to deal with appeals to be taken by
either party from decisions by the city
engineer. The city opposes this request,
The board does not foel it should go
to the length of recommending that it
bo granted. It doos, however, feel that
the suggestion is one that might welt
receive the further consideration of the
city council ns affording, if coupled
with the adoption of tho recommendations herein outlined, a complete solution of almost all the practical qoes
(Continued on page 4)
ARE
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Honestly made The Best Made.
And
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Have you tried it yet?
Get your Overalls made in
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WORLD BUILDING
VANCOUVER, B. C.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
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J&50
For your kitchen, Wellington nut	
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For Your Furnace
Comox Lump  |7JM
Comox Nut - 6.60
Comox Pea * 4.50
(Try our Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed fumac*)
macdonald-Marpole Co
Phone
Seumour
ZIO
Co-operation or
Obstruction ?
The people of Vancouver and this company have a common aim—better service.
We want to give it as a matter of policy;
the public wants to get it.
As you signal a car to stop, as you observe
the rules for the convenience of your fellow
passengers, as you send us your complaints
and suggestions, we would urge you to cooperate in wishing this company success in
its efforts to give service.
The surest way to make the service worse
is to knock it or knock the company.
A street railway company is too often
looked upon as the legitimate prey of unfair critics.
We want to give you better service—so
why stand in the way.
Give us your active support.
0!fC&£etfoic
\ PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..May 11, 1917
VICTORIA, B. 0.: 618 View Street.  Phone, 1269.  Greenhouses and Nursery, Esquimau Boad.   Phone 219.
HAMMOND, B. C: Greenhouses and Nursery oa C. P. B.   Phona Hammond 17.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS, NURSERYMEN, SEEDSMEN
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Pot Plants, Seeds,
Out Flowers and Funeral Emblems
Main Store und Registered Office: VANCOUVEB, B. C.
4S Hastings Street Eaat.   Phones, Seymour 988*872.
Branch Store, Vancouver—728 Qranvllle Street.   Phone Seymour 9513
OITT BBANOHES
COMMERCIAL DBIVI	
nn END	
FAIBVIEW	
HASTINOS ..0 CAMBIE....
KITSILANO	
MOONT PLEASANT.
LOCATION
 Cor. First .Arenas sad Commercial Drive
 Cor. Pander and Main Streets
 Cor. Sixth Arena* and Oranrille Stnet
 Oor. Haatlafs and Gamble Streets
.... Cor. Ponrth Arenne and Tew Street
..Cor. Eighth Arenae aad Main Stnet
Pure Milk T Union Labor
HILLCREST DAIRY
131 FIFTEENTH AVENUE WEST PHONE FAIRMONT 1934
Tha milk supplied by thla
dairy ia pure in every aense of
tha word.
AU tha bottles and utensils
used by thia dairy ara thoroughly
sterilised.
Our milk aupply cornea from
the Fraaer Valley.
Our dairy equipment covera all
known appliances for the proper
treatment and sanitary handling
of milk.
GIVE US A TRIAL
TBADES UNIONISTS—IS THE MILK SUPPLIED TO TOUB HOME
DELIVERED BT UNION LABOB?
If lt li not call dp tha
BeaconsfieldHygienicDairy
PHONE FAIBMONT 1697
or drop a eard to our office, 90S Twenty-fourth Avenue Eaat.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOB EXCLUSIVELY
WE aUABANTEB TO GIVE TOU SATI8FA0TION-OITE US A CALL
Man Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
THE LOWEST POSSIBLE PASSENGER FARES
TO
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
MODERN EQUIPMENT-COURTEOUS ATTENDANTS-
TRAVEL COMFORT
CONSULT OUR NEAREST AGENT OB WRITE
s
DISTRICT PASSENOEB AGENT, 605 HASTINOS W„ VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymour 2482
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the Unest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally,
furnishes a living to aome forty odd brewery workera.
MANUFACTURED BT THB
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company. Limited
On sale at 111 Liquor Stores in
VANCOUVEB AND  VIOTOBIA
The Sign USE
SHAMROCK Brand
Lard Butter
Ham        Eggs
Bacon       Sausage
P. BURNS
Of Quality & COMPANY, LTD.
Retail Stores in All Sections of the Province
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
Oapital 116,000,000        Best 113,500,000
Main Office:   Corner Haatinga asd Oranrille Streets, Vancouver
POWELL STRUT Cor. Victoria Drlre and Powell Street
SOOTH HILL..*;*,o, Oor. Portr-olfhth and Fraaer Area.
Alio North Vancourer Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Arenue snd Esplanade
UNION CARPENTERS
[
SCALE
Without Exception Employers Have Met Demands
of the Men
Plumbers Report Organization Work Now Being
Conducted
At last week's meeting of tho Trades
and Lubor council u number of mibjucts
of a minor character were tnkon up
which, on account of limitation of
apace, woro not reported in hint week's
issuo. Under the order of reports
from unions, a number of very encouraging statements wer<j presented.
Del. Smith reported for the carpenters
that without exception union carpon-
tors wore now receiving the new scale.
Referring to tbe sugar refinery striko,
ho added that the carpenters ut the
Rogers' plant had not been paid the
scale. Bel. Welsh stated that the
plumbers were now getting together.
An organizer was coming shortly and
everything was looking bright for the
future.
Del. Thomas stated that tho Bartenders ' should, wake up, as ho under-
stood that Orientals had been working
behind the bar at a downtown hotel.
The statement led to the discussion of
the whole question of the employment
of Orientals in hotels and resulted in
the secretary being instructed to
write the Hotolkeepers' association,
reminding them of their promise to the
license commission that Oriental labor would be dispensed with after the
first of the present year.
Del. Wight reported for the parliamentary committee, which had held an
organization meeting. It had been decided that the committee should consist of ten delegates appointed by the
council and one delegate from
each affiliated union. The meetings
would be held on the Tuesday evening
previous to regular   council meetings.
Moving Picture Operators
A letter from Attorney General Macdonald with reference to the attempt
to secure legislation which wouldN allow owners of movie theatres to operate moving picture machines waB
read. This stated that the power
to change tho regulations of the governing act was vested in the lieutenant
governor in council. If the mutter was
brought forward, the protest of the
council would be considered.
The provincial secretary wrote, stating that the request of the council
for the appointment of commissioners to secure names for the voters'
list had been considered and the persons suggested would be appointed.
The council passed a resolution approving of the Bickerdike bill for the
abolition of capital punishment, tho
request for the action coming from
Miss Rose Henderson in connection
with tho possible sentence of a 10-
year-old lad in the east.
A suggestion frbm tho Barbers' that
the Dominion authorities be asked to
take ovor the production and distribution of all foodstuffs was not concurred in, the delegates believing that
such action was useless.
Roy Massecar was seated as a dole-
gate from the Structural Iron
Workers.
Delegates In Attendance
Statistician Cottrell reported that
40 members were present, the attendance Blips showing the following delegates:
Machinists—J. H. McVety, W. M.
Hawthorn and A. H. Fowler.
Longshoremen—J. Kavanagh, G.
Thomas and A. Tree.
Garment Workers—Jus. McMaster
and Miss B. Bennett.
St. Rly. Men—R. E. Rigby, F. A.
Hoover, J. Hubble, P. Haigh, E. G.
Kermode, W. H. Cottrell.
Cooks and Waiters—A. Graham.
Deep Sea Fishermen—H. Ferris.
Ship Carpenters—F. Tuek.
Letter Carriers—Fred Knowles, B.
Wight, N. Barlow, J. Cass.
Civic Employees—G. Harrison and
V. R. Midgley.
Tailors—Miss H. Gutteridge and J. T.
Ellsworth.
Cigar Makers—H. G. Kurbitz.
Barbers—J. P. Ferris and S. H.
Grant.
Engineers—J. R. Flynn and J. P.
O'Neill.
Structural Iron Workers—B. Massecar.
Shipwrights Laborers—L. H. Carr.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison.
Bailors Union—W. S. Burns.
Molders—A, H. Donaldson.
Plumbers—F. W. Welsh.
Bro.   of   Carpenters—Jas. Campbell,
PEOM 'WAT V? NORTH
A Worker's Brief Message to Fellow
Workers on the "Outside."
FAIRBANKS, Alaska, April 19.—
Conditions here are rotten. The mining
industry is on its death-bed. The recent raise in the price of general supplies has put the kibosh on the Tolo-
vana camp, a very low-grade proposition. The future of New&na and the
railroad very uncertain, due to the
"war" and American participation.
Oswald A. Rowan, secretary Britannia
local, W. F. of M., in 1912, at the time
of the Britannia strike, wrote me from
France recently. He is captain of the
Third Division Canadian Pioneers; married and anxious to return home to his
ranch at Eagle Bar.
Residents here very indifferent and
unconcerned regarding war. War! We
have it here everlastingly.
Lester, late of Vancouvor local, S. P.
of C, Ib located here.
No craft unions hero. Industrialism
growing rapidly.
ANOTHER WINNIPEG
ALDERMAN ELEOTED
Organlted   Labor  Unseats  Alderman-
elect and Defeats Opponent hy 314.
Winnipeg trade unionists are still doing businoss at the "front," though the
Associated Press service has evidently
overlooked it. In an obscure corner of
a Winnipeg daily, however, appears this
innocent-looking item: '' Abraham A.
Heaps has succeeded to the seat on the
city council rendered vacant by the resignation of ex-Aid. Sknlotar, whose
election he caused to bo attacked on the
ground of irregularities. He was returned in the bye-election in Ward 5 by
a majority of 314 over his opponent,
John Nowacki. The voting waB not
marked by disturbances at the polling
booths ns has frequently been the case
in previous elections in that section of
the city."
THE DOLLAR ALARM CLOCK.
DEMANDS OF OIVIO
EMPLOYEES APPROVED
 (Continued from page 3)
tions likely to arise between the civic
authorities and the men in future.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
HON. JUSTICE MURPHY,
Chairman.
VICTOR R. MIDGLEY,
Representative nf Civic Employees.
CHARLES REID,
Representative of City.
Increase Will Only Amount to $20,000.
That the wage increase to the city's
outside laborers aa fixed by the conciliation board at $3 a day, will amount to
about (20,000 addition to tho board
of works payroll, is the statement of J.
H. McVety, president of the Trades and
Labor council, who acted for the men
in the hearings beforo the board. Mr.
McVety claims that tho aggregate as
placed by Mayor McBeath and several
of the aldermen at approximately $30,-
000 to $32,000, is largely iu excess of
what the actual increase will amount to.
The officials of the Civic Employees'
union know the number of mon on the
city payroll affected by the increase,
and he claims they have figured it all
out, with the result thut $20,000 will
easily cover the new minimum scule of
$3 a day.
with regard to the claim of tho
mayor and aldermen that this award
will bo tho last straw necessitating an
increase in tbe tax rate by at loast two
mills, Mr. McVety claims that this increase of two mills was inevitable under
existing conditions and that the aldermen are ondoavoring to blamo the impending raise in tho mileage on this
award of the conciliation board.
Westminster Iron Work
JOHN EEID, Proprietor
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND ENGINEERS
Manufacturer! of
STRUCTURAL and ORNAMENTAL
IRONWORK
Ome* and Worka: Tenth Itreet        NEW WESTMINSTER, B. O.
s
Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker You Need
TEN
SUB.
CARDS
$10
ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or mora members of any tradea union in Canada mar
have THB FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addreaaea at the rate of $1 per year.
How doar to my heart are those chimes
in the morning,
That yank me from bed with melodious thrill;
How sweet is the sound of the regular
warning
That yells that it's timo that I hike
to the mill.
Without it I'd sleep till the sun had
arisen,
Be late to the job that my boss lets
me uae,
Get canned, perhaps steal, maybe land
in a prison,
If the chimes didn't hustle me out
of my snooze.
Chorus
The faithful alarm clock;
The rattling alarm clock;
The Dollar alarm clock
That rests on my shelf.
II.
What a blessing it was when the thing
was invented,
It beats the slave-driver who came
with his stick;
It rosts on the shelf in tho shack that
I rented
It never gets hungry; it never gets
sick.
If overly weary I take a tin backet
And place the alarm clock down into
the thing,
.When it chimes   in   the   morning  it
doubles the racket;
It would wake up the dead when the
' two of them ring.
ni.
Some times my good woman gets worn
nnd weary,
And says we are hauling too much of
a load,
I tell her the journey would look still
more dreary
If the dollar alarm clock should fail
to explode.
Thon here's to my booster that only
needs winding;
And here's to the victim that just
keeps alive.
Tho bosa gets tho money and I do the
grinding;
The clock starts the circus at quarter
past five.
—John Henley in Northwest Worker.
MATRIMONY.
"My dear,  what makes you  always
yawnt"
The wife exclaimed, her temper gone,
"Is homo so dull and droaryt"
"Not ao, my love," he said, "not so;
But man nnd wife are ONE, you know;
And when ALONE I'm weary."
Tlie Human Toll of lnduitry.
According to the industrial accident
record of the department of Labor,
there were 48 workpeople killed and 375
Injured during March in the course of
their respective occupational employments. During February there were 48
workers killed and 344 injured, while
during March) 1910, thore were 01 killed and 332 injured.
A. McDonald, J. H. Copping and O.
Thom. r
Amalgamated Carpenters — J. O.
Bmth and lt. W. Jackson.
Brewory Workors—A. Sykes ond 0.
Gilbert.
Pattern Makers—B, MeDougall.
Typos.—R. L. Corey.
United Brotherhood of'Carpenters asd Joiners
, of, America
HAMILTON DISTRICT COUNCIL
       h_ „
:#•'■;. **_**. At.   <kmJ±-j»7
'eVk tM
C&jL'tllitmJii^cf/Ce
4A*-*>/L\st 4-tXm. eajtotAi* fksUe+j tk\* -up-at*.
a*** tt/oit+w,_% -Hitrh^'jlU^i t%tXitUJLe*-*
J A**v* M**t- st\tJt\mc4uL XS 'stLfol*- «tf*H trim**
J__  £'£- 1^ *.*. stHtutMej. eJfat+if**.,
yWljtf.   **C«*W '/WtVfA- U*tt*Ay
vu+m., JCo /Jte. XfAvt/birtitt tHHne..
^riim jA*** J*" **s*o ,tniuta*.*»'rt', e,Jk*t*m?nt>.,
t%*t.»i   /Urt- ,
•**?r—t». *% -rum-—++<**-.
X§.      V       •> s* AX _j
& f J9-i6tit*r»-
dlcufatf
"THE BEER WITHOUT A PEER"
So popular becauie it'a to good. ductule it brewed of the
highest grade B. 0. hops, and selected Canadian barley-malt,
and is aged for months in our cellars before being offered to
the publio.
WHEN YOU BUY CASCADE YOU
Oet a Beer that has knowledge and pure material baok of it.
TRT A DOZEN PINTS AND BE CONVINCED
BREWED AND BOTTLED AT THE BREWERY
- FOR SALE EVERYWHERE -
Vancouver Breweries Limited
"When the working class uses its
brain it will know its power, seize its
heritage and reign supremo."
WHEN WAB WAS WAGED WITH BOOKS
While the warriors of ancient Babylon bad
not the meana of wholesale slaughter in vogue
today, their warfare oould hardly be considered bb child's play, as is plainly evidence in
D. Q. Griffith's masterpiece "Intolerance,"
whloh is coming to the, Orpheum theatre next
Monday. In this gigantic spectacle, Mr. Griffith has refought, faithfully and authentically,
the battle waged by Cyrus and his Persian
hordes on Bolshaisar of Babylon.
Each and every detail in connection with
the life and customs of the people of Babylon, to the minutest detail, up to the time
that the victorious Gyrus took the ancient
city, is produced by Mr, Griffith according to
the most authentic records. In one scene,
where the Babylonians, high upon the walls
of their besieged city, hurl rocks on the
hordes of Cyrus, a signal was used to permit
the Persians to have sufficient time to seek
a place of safety. However, ono overly enthusiastic Babylonian neglected to give the
signal. After releasing the rock he gave vent
to an extremely modern "Look out below 1"
The words were barely out of his mouth
when the projectile alighted on the helmet of
Gyrus the Great himself, Cyrus was incapa*
citated for several hours as a result, and the
siege of Babylon was halted until the leader
of the Persians had recovered sufficiently to
resumo tbe onslaught. These battle scenes
are considered by students of ancient history
and archaeology to be some of the really big
moments of "Intolerance." ***
TO FEDERATIONIST
SUBSCRIBERS:
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgment of subscriptions or renewals are made.
The address libel on yonr
paper carries the date to whieh
your subscription U paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
offloe, tha correct change ln
your labol date la not mtde,
notify ua at once. When you
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, kindly
tend It to tbls offlce—not to
tht other fellow. Thua you
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be hippy.
B.C. Federationist
B. PABM. PBTTIPnaOB,
Manager.
Lahor Temple,
Vancouver, B. O.
Vote tgalnst prohibition! Demand personal liberty In choosing what yon will drink.
Aak for tbls Label wan purchasing Baer,
Alt or Porter, aa a guarantee tbat It la Union
™-J- This It oar Ubel
FREE HOMESTEADS
 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. 0. E. Railway open park line landa. The fiaeet mixed
farming landa in the provinoe.
Oood water, beat of hunting and fishing. The aettlera who hare gone
in thero aro all boosters, as thoy are making good.
If you want to go baok to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
PACIFIC! OBEAT EASTERN RAILWAY
Walton Block, Vancouver
THE NANAIMO
COAL
BEST QUALITY
BEST PRICE
BBBTSEBVXOB
Evans, Coleman & Evans, Limited
Wharf Offlce:
TOOT COLUMBIA AVENUE
Seymonr 2988
Uptown
407 OEAJTVILLB
Btymonr I
EL DORO
CIGARS
McLEOD, NOLAN & CO.
MAKERS
LONDON, ONT.
Made by the Highest
Skilled Union Labor and
under the most sanitary
conditions
Using only
the Highest Grades of
Tobacco grown.
Positively Hand-made.
Por Sale Everywhere.
D.J.ELMER
Sales Manager for B. C.
and Yukon
3118 Alberta St., Vancouver, B. 0.
MAJESTIC CONCHAS
2 for 25c 3 for 25c
ACTUAL SIZES
UNION MEN, ATTENTION!
OUR
COAl^G
gUSfOVE
I
Use
Either
Phone
/S DELIVERED BY
.WHITE DRIVERS,
ONLY
AT tt°
Use
Either
Phone
Yard No. 1.  4905 Ontario Street, cor. Bodwell Road. , Phone Fraser 41
Yard No. 2.  3612 Victoria Road, cor. 20th.Avenue. Phone Highland 226
Branch Office.  4186 Main St. (Opp. Dreamland Theatre).    Phone Fairmont 2500 Ill
FRIDAY™
 May 11, 1917
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
You Believe
in the
Principles
of Unionism
-And so do We
WE do not stop there. Every garment in our store ia handled under union conditions. We par the maximum,
wages. We oporate a clean, sanitary shop, and in all
other ways live up to these principles. We offer you a selection
from a stock that is larger than that carried by most stores,
and as large as any in the city. In style, weave and pattern,
these clothes more than measure up to your expectations.
Show Your
Appreciation
of our efforts and adherence to the principles of unionism.
Patronize CORRECT CLOTHES. You union men who are,
planning for your summer suit are assured that you can get
just the suit you want and at the price you want to pay when
you come here.
AND HERE IS AN ADDITIONAL ADVANTAGE
Bring this advertisement with you or at any time during the
next two weeks, and save one dollar on any suit you buy. If
you are not quite ready, come in and make a reservation. Our
suits are never on sale. Bring the ad. in.
Pin Point Pricei:
$15, $19, $23, $27
One dollar leas if yon
bring this ad. <
Correct Clothes
D. R. BOOK
117 HASTINGS STREET WEST
 Quality Dentistry ■
Why do you fear
to visit a dentist?
YOU know that yoar teoth need attention und that thoir condition is gradually becoming worse. Still you delay going to a
dentist
Ia not thia fact due to your idea, of tho old-fashioned dentist and
tho thought thut a dentist's chair means pain?
In coming to me you can thoroughly reliovo your mind of theso
ideas.
In my dentul practice I uso, whero the work might possibly causo
pain, tke Anocain Infiltration method, which has tho endorsomoit
of the highest dental authorities as the best method for the alleviation of pain.
I also give to each case my personal attention, thus assuring tke
patient of that degree of care and skill which moans thorough work
according to the most modtrn mothods.	
Mr Prices Are Reasonable,
Upper or Lower plate $10.00      Gold Fillings .—.—..... $2.00
Gold Crowns, 22 karat $6.00      Porcelain fillings ....: . $1.60
Porcelain Crowns  $6.00      Silver Fillings $1.60
Bridgework, per tooth $6.00      Painless Extraction    60c
No charge made for extraction when in preparation for
Plates or Bridgework.
On all my* work I givo a written ton-year guarantee which shows
my confidence in the charactor of my work,
1/K*       UJ*i\l/ I       Saturday Evenings
Phone
Seymour 8715
I QUALITY DENTIST
DENTAL NURSE IN ATTENDANCE
202 BANK OF OTTAWA BUILDING
1 ' ""Hastings Street Oorner Seymour '    ''
Broadway Theatre
MAIN AT BROADWAY
PHONE FAIR. 882
MONDAY AND TUESDAY
IRENE FENWICK
—IN—
A Coney Island Princess
PURPLE MASK-COMEDY
WEDNESDAY and THURSDAY
Clara Kimball Young
—IN—
"TRILBY"
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
"LESS THAN THE DUST"
in
MARYPICKFORD
10 SUB. CARDS $10, PAY FOR WHEN SOLD
The Art of Dentistry
is exemplified in the highest degree at this establishment.
The Charges
are.as pleasing as tho servico given.
Dr. Baker
Open Tuesday and
Friday Evenings '
107 HASTINOS ST. W.
Phone Sey, 2229
CLOSES SATUSDAYS AT 1 p.m.
DOINGS IN A LIVE
PAGE FIVE
May Day Celebration Pulled
Off in Fine Style By
Militant Miners
Able Speeches By Men of
the Fighting Labor
Movement
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V*s I. May
8.—Whether it wbb the beautiful weather we have been having, the
season of the year, when tho "young
man 's thoughts lightly turn to love,
or some such other disease, or whether
it waa becauso we now have a "work*
ing button" and aro not afraid to wear
it to work, the fact remains that thiB
camp has passed tlie Chrysalis stage
and has evolved into the full-grown
butterfly. There was a time, not so
very long ago, when a man was scared
to mention "union," but now the reverse is true; he gets a severe calling
down if he isn't wearing the union
button. The next thing we know the
flrebosB will refuse to blow a nonunion man's lamp and the horses will
refuse to pull the cars for a non-union
driver. At ono time our union meet-
_b UBed to be pink tea affair; everybody was scared to aay a word for fear
the boss would get to know, but now
it is a hard job to get them to stop
saying things. According to a book I
read once,' ■ the fear of the Lord is the
beginning of wisdom." Perhaps, in
our caso, "tho fear of the boss was the
beginning of wisdom."
Union Activities
However, I started out to tell the
workers of the provinco about what
we are doing at our union meetings
and they will havo to excuse me for
doing a little philosophizing, because I
am glad to be alive under such conditions; glad to see. the groat results of
tho labor of a fow of us during the
past few years and hopeful pf onco
again seeing a powerful organization
built up in tho mining camps of Vancouvor Island.
We appointed a check weighman at
our regular meeting on April 29th. His
duties commenced on May 2nd.
.ft takes vory little to start a discussion along political lines and the
present syndicate of sinners nt Victoria, especially^ in view of their in;
ability to accede to our requests of ten
days beforo the meeting, when we
asked that they assist ub in placing
tho Women on tho voters' list. We
have since received a reply, appointing our legislative committeo of throe
members provincial election eommission ers to, as thoy say, "facilitate the
placing of names on the list"—after
wo had made a house-to-house canvas
and got most of tho women to fill out
forms.
I haven't noticed nny of tho liberals
pussy-footing around here. Presumably thoy think it to their interest to
let the women in this community run
for their votes.
We also hnd a reply to our resolution
of protest ngninst the enactment of
Bill No. ID, Baying that, duo to its criticism, said bill would most likely fail
to pass.
Wo fully realize that we cannot
"rcsoluto" the cooperative commonwealth into being and also roalizo the
necessity of electing representatives
of labor to the legislature, but os wo
havo been prevented, Dy political
trickery on tho part of our beneficent
legislators, from placing our representative in the houso this sossion, we
intend to keep on resoluting until we
do get him in for the next session.
We also passed a resolution of protest against the re-imposition of thc
Poll Tax, as being a reactionary measure, and tending to increase tho bur-
dons of tho already overburdened workers. If tho actions of tho "bunch"
at Victoria this session are any criterion, thon it behoves the workers to
watch them, becnuso, so far, they have
entirely ignored tho requests of orgunized labor. If they aro stuck for
monoy, why not get it off ihe exploiters of lnbor? Or do thoy only
want it off them for campaign fiunds?
Let thom soak such men as B. T. Rogers or tax the wild lands of the E. &
N, Ry. on Vancouver Island, or, for a
change, place a heavy tnx on tho Asiatics at Cumberland und mnke tho
bosses pay it. Or, perhaps Tho Fed-
crationiflt office boy, after ho has
finished tho job of showing Undo Snm
how to finance his wnr, will tako tho
job of showing tho old ladies at Victoria how to finance the provinco of
B. C.   Thoy could chase tho bunch of
Teamster or Farm Boot
. Go to ydir dealer's nnd nsk to
see the SKOOKUM BOOT NO.
L052, made by the J. LECKIE
OO. LIMITED.
DESCRIPTION
Men's Bkookum L062—made of
Mennonite grain—(Mnch Bluchor
—outside counter—jfull bellows—
double sole and sups—nn excellent boot for farmer or teamstor.
Sturdy build—comfortable fit—
satisfactory wear—good looking
—reasonably priced.
REMEMBER TO ASK FOR IT
BY ITS NAME AND NUMBER,
"SKOOKUM" NO. L962—SEE
IT IN THE ABOVE PICTURE.
foreign capitalists out of Nanaimo, run
the mines and keep the proceeds of
said running in the province, instead
of letting it go to a bunch of dead-
beats in 'Frisco, After they had done
that, they could take over a few more
Industries, but " 'nuif sed." What
could we do without capital?    -
Demand Fortnightly Pay Day
Our next resolution demanded a
fortnightly pay bill, along the lines
laid down by the B. C. F. of L., and
they were informed that there Ib a
growing sentiment on the part of the
men here to fight for said fortnightly
pay.
Poll Tax—No Patriotic Fond
I've slipped a cog. I forgot to tell
you the remainder of our squeal about
the Poll Tax. We don't keep all our
eggs in the same bucket. Oh, no! We
informed the injured innocents at Victoria that in the event of them passing the Poll Tax bill we would be
forced, by economic necessity, to ceaae
our contributions to the Patriotic
Fund, until we had saved enough up to
pay our Poll Tax. Now, isn't that
naughty? The working class pays no
taxes. What we lose on the swings
we gain on the merry-go-rounds, bo
there yoa ain't I
Fitting May Day Weather
After the meeting adjourned, the
Muy Day, committee held a meeting to
mako the final arrangements for the
celebration. The weather was so wet
that we all went home and prayed for
fine weather, and whoever is responsible for the weather gave ub what we
wanted, for May Day dawned as May
Day should, the only cloud on our
bright horizon being the inability of
the Nanaimo City Band to turn "up at
the laBt minute. Some of the men
seemed to think that they had an attack of StockettitlB, as Tommy Stockett, the manager of tho W. F. Cot minea
at Nanaimo, Ib generally conceded to
be the Czar of Nanaimo, and he Btill
controls the minds bf a lot of people
in Nanny Mo. However, everybody
spent a very enjoyable day. j
Joe Naylor'i Address
The gathering was addressed by Joe
Naylor, the rough diamond, who reviewed the history of May Day and
told of the Prussian tactics of the
kaisers at Cumberland and of how the
company railroaded their agreement
through. They got the committee to
practically sign it with their eyes shut,
telling them that it was too long to
read. He also read a resolution' dealing with tho proposed amendment of
the Coal Mines Regulation act, and
containing at least two practical miners
to go over said act and eliminate what
was unnecessary and place in other
material necessary. The gathering
passed the resolution unanimously
and it is, no doubt, in the hands of the
government by this time,,
Jim" Hawthornthwaite   Our   Next
M. P. P.
The next speaker was Jim Hawthornthwaite, tho choice of the majority of the peoplo for the legislature
next sossion, or as soon as tho "friends
of labor" are willing to remove the
embargo on workingmen 'b representatives. Jim Hawthornthwaite delivered
an old-time May Day speech. He spoke
on the need of organization, especially
in tho coal mining camps, where there
are always a largo numbor of mourners left behind to Buffer the Iosb of
some ono near and dear to them, whose
lives have been offered up on the altar of Profit. Ho spoke of tho old
times in Nanaimo, when it was no trouble for a workingman to put hia hands
on a hundred dollars, contrasting it
with tho prosont time, when, in spito
of the advances of wages that have
been secured from timo to time, men
nro not near as well off, plainly showing that tho conditions of the workers,
as fur ns the relation between cost of
living and wages is concerned, aro becoming worse as timo goes on. Or, in
other words, the real wage is decreasing. He gnvo the bunch of pikers in
Victoria a fow slams; passed a word
for John Oliver and his 6-hour day
for minora and his old age pension of
.$50.00 a month. He then started in to
slam them for still further bleeding
tho workers in thc matter of the Poll
Tnx, otc, and from tho way ho handed it to them,,it is no wonder thoy
have been trying nil kinds of dodges
to keep him out of tho houso. But
they've got it coming to them anyway
when ho does got in amongst then). He
gnvo the Dependant Relatives' bill a
good namo, saying that tho idea of the
bill wns to place tho burden of the returned soldier upon the backs of tho
individual. Ho then spoke of the possibility of tho German soldiers turning
on their officers, making n clean-up
of Kuiserism nnd finally tho other
soldiers of tho wnrring nations following suit and cleaning up this rotten
system under which we all aro "living. ''
Tho spenking program was concluded with a fow remarks from Jim
Hodgkiuson of Nnnnimo and ono of
tho memorable Mny Days in South
Wellington was brought to a closo by a
danco, which broke up at 2 a.m. on
May 2nd.
Other May Days Here
Mny lsi, 1017, is not tho first celebration wo havo had in this littlo straggling village and we have ovory hopo
of it not being the last. We contemplate holding u series of functions,
such as picnics, etc, as such dayB tend
to create u fratormil spirit.
I notico by this week's Fedorntinn-
int that South Wellington was tho only
placo to hold a colouration nn Labor's
Internntionnl Holiday. Shades of
Mnrx, et al! The next thing wo know,
Vnncouver nnd Victoria will be spoken of ns suburbs of South Wellington. Upon reading tho Daily Herald
of May 2nd, I was ngrcenbly surprised
to see thnt their represontntivo, who
wns on tho fiold, gavO us a vory good
write-up. When wo tako into consid-
oration that tho Western Fuel Co. of
ciistonis-elientiiig fll,I10» bold a considerable interest i" snid paper, wo begin
to fear for tho scalp of tlio reporter
who wrote the article. Tommy Stockett is npt to put him out of tho church;
but he should worry. I guess ho is
beginning to feel the birth-pangs of an
independent spirit and it will be nn
ill day for our masters when all the
wage 'slaves who run tho duily papers
begin to ronli/,0 that thoy ore wnge
slnves nnd refuse to do tho dirty work
for tho mnster class. It was a learned
man who said: '.'five mo all tho print-
ers' ink and John I). ITockcfcller all
tho monov and I'll bout him." Listen
to whnt John Swinton said ro the independent press: "I am pnid #15,000
a week for keeping my honest opinions
out of the pnper. Wn are tools of rich
men behind the scenes. We are the
jutnping-jacks. They pull the strings
and we dance. Oar talents our possibilities and our lives arc nil the proporty of other men. Wo nro intellectual
prostitutes." But. fellow-workers, it
Will not always be so. The time is
coming when even the knights of the
pen will rebel, nnd when wc get the
newspapermen on our side, we 11 put
King Capital clean into thc discard.
Little Umbrella Mender An
Adept at Political
Intrigue
Interesting Incidents of An
Election Campaign in
Australia
[By W. FranciB Ahern]
SYDNEY, N.S.W., April 10.-(Speciat
to The Federationist.)—March 1st
will long be remembered by those who
had the good fortune to be present at
the senate chamber in the Commonwealth parliament of Australia, upon
that date. For the first time in the history' of Australian polities, a direct
charge of bribery was levelled at the
head of a responsible government. Never
'wan such consternation manifested as
took place following the publicity given
through the publication of the charges.
I Within 24 hours, the coalition government was smashed and forced to go
out of business and call for an election.
i And at the time of writing, it is fairly
safe to assert that it will seal the political future of thepresent conscription-
ist schemers in oblivion.
Watson Spilled the Beans.
There waa a strange hush in the senate when Watson, a Labor senator from
New South Wales, rose in bis place and
turn a Labor majority in the senate into
a minority. Never wavering in his
statement, he told a Btory that, not
only carried the element of-truth in it,
but was quite sufficient to wreck the
government. It waB to the effect that
he had held several conversations with
the president of the senate, Senator
Pearce, and Hughes—the prime minister. He; had been called by messenger
to meet the president of the senate at
his room. He began the conversation,
said Watson, "by asking me what I
thought of my chances at the coming
state election." Ho said, "I don't
think you will have a chance to getting
back here." I said, "I will have to
take my chance." He said, "now I
don't want to influence you by asking
yffu to voto for the government, but I
think, in your own interest, you will be
well advised to vote for an extension of
the life of parliament." I Baid, "you
could not ask me to do anything like
that." He then aaid, "you think this
matter over, and let me know what you
think of it later on." A few days later
we met again, and he asked me what I
thought of the proposal. I said, "sink
or swim, I will go with my mates, for
you muat know that if I was to act de*
rogativoly to the party's interests, I
would deserve to be kicked out of the
district of .Newcastle." On February
15, prior to my departure for home (at
Newcastlo) I saw Senator Poarce in the
senate and wo had further conversation
during which ho remarked that, "I had
not. a million to ono chance of getting
back hero," to which I mado no reply,
nnd left.
The Heavy Villain Appears.
Upon his arrival homo, Senator Watson found a telegram awaiting him requesting him to see the prime minister,
Hughes, who was coming to Sydnoy a
day or two later. Two hours afterwards
ho received a phone message from Senator Pearce cancelling the arrangement.
A week later Senator Watson met
Poarco in Melbourne and upon tho latter mentioning the telegrnphic request
of Hughes that Watson meet him at
Sydney, Watson nsked "what did
Hughes want to see me about?" Pearce
replied, "ho wishes to seo you on important business." "I am at his disposal now, if it is convenient," said
Watson. Pearce then rung up Hughes
and the latter requested Wntsou to
come over to thc houso of representatives and meet him in the ministerial
room. Watson did so. Tho interview is
hore given in Senator Watson's own
words, as delivered in tho senate.
'Ho (Hughes) began tho conversation by saying that he knew the difficulties of my position, and that wo had
both como out of the snmo mould—
moaning our long association with the
Lnbor movemont. He theu asked me
whnt stood in the way of my leaving
the Labor movement and coming over to
him. I snid "tho Labor movement."
Ho snid, "why moro you than myself
and others who were equally attached
to thc Lubor movement." I snid "I
enn't discriminate in that wny.     You
Dinner Set of 97 Pieces-Special $18
' A beautiful Mt of Zngliih Semi-poredain of raperior quality,
with all pieces finished in heavy bright gold—highly burniihed.
The tet compriM: 2 Platters
12 Dinner Plates 1 Baker
12 Soup Plates 1 Gravy Boat
12 Tea Plates 1 Bowl
12 bread and butter plates 1 Cream Jug
12 Fruit Saucers 1 Sugar Bowl
12 Cups and Saucers 1 Pickle Tray
2 Covered Vegetable dishes
97 pieces—that under present market conditions should be
selling for at least $25.00.  Our price, $18.00.
STONE OBO0KS-FOB BOO PBBflfBVINO
Some provision men think eggs wiU reach $1.00 a dozen this
coming   winter.   Oet a supply now and put them'down in
waterglass for when you need them. Do not delay, for crocks
may be scarce later.
2 gallon size, holds 6 dozen eggs   .   66c
3 gallon size, holds 10 dozen eggs....  ...........    90c
4 gallon size, holds 12*/2 dozen eggs . .'.	
5 gallon size, holds 16 dozen eggs. 	
6 gallon size, holds 19 dozen eggs :.	
Granville and Georgia Streeta
Hotel Canada
BU Rlcharda Stroot
VANCOUVER
(Near Lsbor Ttmple)
Best Service
Lowest Rates
Try Us
Wines and Spirits of
the best quality
250 rooms, 100 with privato baths
Phone Seymour 8880
HOTBL DUNSMUIR
Vancouver's newest and moat
complcto notel
European Flan $1.00 per Day Up
New electric auto bus moots all
, boats and trains freo
Oor. Dunsmuir and Bichards Sts.
VANCOUVER, B. O.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Ttmpla
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Headquarter! for Labor nen.    Bate*
75c and $1.00 per day.
$2.50 per week and up.
Oafi »t BtuoubU Bataa.
Established 1891
JOHN  J. BANFIELD
Fire Iniunnoo, Accident Xnraranee, EiUtee
Managed.
MONEY TO LOAN
387 Seymour Bt Phont Mymow US
have all seen much service in the movement, and were free to do as you liked,
but I am on the threshold of my
career.1' He asked me "did money
stand in my way, u I would lose nothing by coming over to them, and stated
that he had never deserted any man
who had stood by him." I told him
that I had too much regard for the
movement to act in any way iu opposition to its interests or betray its confidence. I said "what would the men1
of Newcastle think of mo were I to do
contrary to the wishes of the party to
which I belong." He said, "if you
don't like to live in Newaactle, we can
find you another place." I replied, "I
could not think of that." He then suggested that I resign my seat and allow
the vacancy to be filled, promising that
a position would be found for me. I
said that.I could not think of deserting
the movement and leaving my mates in
such a crisis, as I had always tried to
act straight and be able to look every
man in the face. Ho then referred to
the qualities of the men who were lead*
ing the movement, whose principles
were not akin to mine. I said, that,
'' whatever the ideas of these men were
who were leading the movement, they
were no different to what they were
when he Was the leader of the party.''
He replied that I was acting very foolishly nnd would live to regret it. I
said "I could not act in any othor way,
as my conscience would condemn me."
This ended our interview, and I left the
room, feeling stronger in my devotion
to the movement with whieh I had been
associated the whole course of my life,
and that no offer of Mr. Hughes could
tempt me from the path of duty, or lead
me to betray the interests of my party.
The Trio Denies the Charge.
The president of the senate, Senator
Pearce and the prime minister the ex-
umbrella mender Hughes, of course most
vigorously deny the allegations of Senator Watson. To still further emphasize
the sincerity of their denial, and as a
sort of vote of confidence in their own
purity of motive and probity of political conduct, voted against tne appointment of a royal commission to deal with
the affair, and were successful in forestalling it. Mr. Tudor, in the house of
representatives, as leader of the Labor
party, moved for the appointment of
such a commission for the purpose of
bringing out the facts and placing the
blame upon the proper shoulders for
such dirty political work as might have
been disclosed.    The precious Hughes
fjovornment at once issued1 a writ stif-
ing all further discussion of tbe matter, and so it stands at the present moment. But it is safe to say that it will
not be allowed to rest there. Public
opinion will demand that a royal commission sits to hear the case. No government ought to be allowed to live
under a cltfud of this description.
ORPHEUM
2 Weeks Starting
Monday, May 14
WM. CRANSTON
D.W GRIFFITHS
colossal spectacle:
INTOLERANCE
LOVE'S    STRUGGLE
THROUGHOUT THE AGES
Life's Mighty Drama, Down the Centuries, Seen as
from a Pinnacle in one Sweeping Glance.
COST MORE THAN TWICE AS MUCH AS
ALL THE COMBINED $2.00 ATTRACTIONS
NOW PLAYING on the AMERICAN STAGE
ACCOMPANIED BY A
Big Symphony Orchestra
and Choir
The First and Only Production by D. W. Griffith
since "The Birth of a Nation"
 PRICES	
At Night-25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00, $1.50
Matinees—25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00
Seat Sale Open now. Matinee Daily *****
PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
..May 11, 1911
Spring Suits for
Air Men
Our provision for the needs of our customers has been very thorough.
We realize whnt a variety of taBtes and preference will come to us; we
understand that young men want something different from the- styles
which older or more sedate men may choose; wo provide for all men.
Prices $18.00 to (36,00.
SHOP OF
Thos. Foster & Co.
LIMITED
614 ORANVIUE STREET
VANOOUVER, B. 0.
Dependable Paints
—FOE—
Spring Painting
We solicit your paint orders for your
Spring Painting. Our stock of paints,
brushes, emanels, etc., is most complete,
and prices most reasonable.
HUNTER-HENDERSON PAINT CO.
642 OBANVILLE STBEET
Also at TORONTO
MONTREAL
Workingmen, don't
neglect your teeth---
AS a workingman, you need good teeth ns do no other clasn.
Tour work ia usually heavy and demands that* you eat well
and that your food it thoroughly digested.
Tou can't digest your food properly unless it Is well masticated
and you can't masticate your food unloss your teeth are in
good order.
If your teeth are defective, see me at once. Tou will find that
by giving them attention you will improve both your digestion
and genoral health and be better able to do your work.
Expression
Plates
Crowns and
Bridges
My work is of the highest standard and my prices ere reasonable. On crown and bridgo work I use only 22 kt. gold 30 g.
thickness, strongly reinforced on the biting surface. My plates
conform with your own teeth and preservo perfectly your natural countenance.
N.B.—I .make special efforts to do dental work promptly for
out-of-town patients. Write me as to the day of your coming ond, on your arrival, phone Sey. 3331 nt once for an
appointment. Workingmen'in Vancouver and vicinity may
take advantage of my office being opened Tuesday and
Friday evenings.
Free Examinations by Appointment.
Open Tuesday and Friday evenings.   Olose Saturday at 1 o'clock.
Dr.Brett Agdersoi)
Crown and Bridge Specialist —
602 Hastings St. West
Corner S*ymoor Strut
VANCOUVER LETTER
CARRIERS CHOKE
IS
F. A. L. C. Membership Nominating Delegates for
Convention
The Western Provinces Will
Elect One Delegate
in July
FEED CANADA
With Home-Grown Stuff
Bennie's XXX Olobe Table Beet Seed, pkg. 10c; o>. 20c; 4 ois. 70c.
Flie ud Best Cabbage (bard beads), pkg. 10c; es. 30c; t on. 90c.
Bennie's Prise Swede Turnip, fer tabic or stock, Vj-Ib. SSe; lb. 66c.
Famous Golden Bantam Table Sweet dors, pkg. 10c; lb. 40c; 5 lbs. 11.90.
Select Yellow Dutch Onion Sets; lb. 36c; 5 lba 11.70.
Shallot Multiplier Onion Sets, lb. 30c; 6 lbs. »1.40.
XXX Earliest Table Marrow Peas; 4 eas. 16c; ft. 40c; 6 lbs. $1.90.
Stringless Wax Butter Beans, 4 ess. 16c; Ib. 60c; 6 lbs. $2.40.
Bennie's Market Garden Table Carrot, pkg. 10c; os. 26c; 4 ess. 76c.
Best Snowball Cauliflower (OU. Edge), pkgs. 16c, 26c; Vi-o«. 86c.
Citron for Preserving (red seeded), pkg. 6c; os. 16c; 4 ois. 40c.
Plant Rennie's
High-Grade Seeds
XXX Table Cucumber, crisp, tender) pkg. 10c; or. 26c; 4 ess. 60c.
Unrivalled Lettuce, big tyrttery beads, pkg. 10c; os. 30c; 4 oss. 80c.
Select Yellow Olobe Daavero Onion (black seed), pkg. 6c; os. 26c; 4
oss. 66c.
Early Canada Water -Melon, flne quality, pkg. 6c; oz. 16c; * ou. 40c.
Improve* French Breakfast Radish, pkg. 6c; ox. 10c; 4 oss. 30c; Ib. 90c.
Bennie's Jumbo Sugar Beet, for stock, */a-tb. 26c; lb. 46c.
Giant White Feeding Sugar Beet, 4 oss. 16c; Va-lb. 26c; lb. 46c.
perfection Mammoth Bed Mangel, y3-tb. 26c; lb. 46c.
Bennie's Derby Swede Turnip, for stock, 4 oss. 20c; Va-lb. 37c; Ib. 70c.
White Field Seed Beans, big cropper, lb. 30c; 6 lbs. $1.26.
"Pakro" Seedtape.   "Tou p»ant it by the yard." ,
2 pkts. 26c.   Ask for descriptive list.
Bennie's Seed Annual Free to All.  Delivery Free in Canada.
"   Order through your LOCAL DEALER or direct from
Wm. Rennie Co. Ltd.
872 OranviUe Street
Vancouver.
WINNIPEG
The regular monthly meeting of the
Letter Carriers' association was held in
the Labor Temple on Friday, May 4, a
fair number being present. One new
temporary member wus initiated by President Cook.
Delegate KnowleB reported tho activities of the Trades and Labor council.
Bro. Carl reported on the post offlce wnr
fund and Bro. Sparrow submitted a
very satisfactory financial report on behalf of tho entertainment committee.
A deputation of sugar refinery striken addressed the meeting, and asked
for moral support. This the meeting
promised, and agreed to take up a subscription amongst tho boys, starting
same with.$10 from the general fund.
A member of the Barbers' union
spoke briefly on tho recognition of the
union shop card, and he sure made a
hit with his speed; no inside carves
about him.
Congress Delegates.
The principal business of the evening
was tho election of a nominee for the
position of western representative of
tho Letter Carriers' association at the
forthcoming Ottawa convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
Western representation covers the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, AI*
berta and British Columbia. Each
branch is allowed one nominee (not
necessarily a member of its own), and
the nominations are placed before the
entire national membership in the
shape of a referendum under the pro*
portional representation system. Bros.
C. Sivertz, Victoria, M. Buck, R. Wight,
P. Knowles, J. Cass, W. Squires and L.
C. Carl of the local office were nominated, the last three declining to accept.
The first ballot eliminated Bro. Buck,
the second ballot showed F. Knowles
one vote shy of defeating the others,
and the last ballot F. KnowleB defeated
R. Wight, and waB declared elected. Nominations must be in by June 1, and the
election will immediately follow.
The next meeting is billed for Friday,
June 1. It is your duty to attend, ana
remember it is an all-year-round organization, not a winter pastime.
"Every scar in labor's hands bears
the humiliating testimony of its neglected brain."
MARY  PIOKFOED  AT  THB   BROADWAY
Friday ud Saturday Next Wtik.
In "Leii Thin Dust," the new picture In
which Mary Plckford is Appearing, she will
be Introduced to her hoit of admirers in the
guise of a deserted- orphan of English birth,
who has been adopted by a sword maker In
an East India city, and reared among the natives. Later it is discovered wbo the is, but
not until she has gone through all of the anguish following the treatment by those who
know her only as one of lower caste and less
than the dust. The scenario, full of drama,
thrilling scenes and delightful comedy, was
written by Hector Turnbull with John Emerson as the director, The supporting cast is
one of distinction and lu all more than two
hundred and fifty peoplo appear in the
scenes, which are laid in India and England.
In one of tbo Incidents of the battle scene,
the little girl rescues a British soldier who
has been wounded and he In the end wins her
heart. ***
Popular Druggist tn Naw Quarters.
The Bed Star drug store, which is control*
led by Messrs. Stephens and Clayton, well-
known about Vancouver, are now moving
from tbelr old stand on Cordova street opposite the Manitoba botel, to new and handsome quarters in the Royal Bank building,
No. 11 Cordova street, near Oarrall. They
will be pleased to meet their many old friends
In their new home. ***
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Furniture Movers
and Packers
Pianos Moved and
Hoisted
Baggage delivered to
and from all parts of
the city, trains and
boats.
Cartage of all descriptions by the hour, day
or week.
Phone Day nnd Night
SEYMOUR 406 and 605
80 Fender St. E.    a. N. R. Depot
Remarkable
Values in New
Corsets
THE SALE CONTINUES
Colonial   Theatre
Programme changed every Monday and Thursday.
POPULAR PRICES
Most up-to-date photo- play
house.
SPECIAL AT $1.50 —
Several at this price in
low or medium bust styles
One model of pink striped
coutil is designed with a
very low bust, is supplied
with two hooks below the
front clasp and has four
hose supporters.
SPECIAL AT $1.75—
Pink or white coutil corsets in various popular
styles. One model has a
double broad front clasp,
and reinforced front, another has rubber insert in
front, and several styles
have very low bust. All
these corsets are nicely
trimmed with embroidery
andl have four hose supporters.
SPECIAL AT $3.00—
Pink or white coutil corsets, made with wide elastic top and lightly boned.
A splendid corset for golf,
tennis or dancing. Sizes 19
to 27.
Store Opent at 8.30 a.m.
and elom at 6 p.m.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
Trades Unionists of
Greater Vancouver
We Want Ton to Do Tour
.Furniture Business With Vo
WE WILL MAKE TERMS TO
SUIT   TOUR   CONVENIENCE
Oar .took ot Furniture ii tho bolt
in tho province. Whenever 700 want
anything in onr line, call in and iooh
it owr.
41 Halting! Btreet Wut
But B. T. Is a Law Unto Himself
It ib reported that the arbitration'
committee of the Vancouver Bourd of
Trade has offered its services in an
effort to settle the dispute between
the B. C. Sugar Refinery and itB striking employes.-—Daily Province.
Hudson's Bay Candidate Honored.
Last Tuesday evening a pleasant social
event took place In Lester Court, tbe occasion
being a supper and dance tendered Miss
Grace MacDonald in connection with her con-
test for tbe honored Queen of the War Dance
Carnival, ln which she was the runner-up.
Over 150 guests were jn-esent, all of whom
thoroughly enjoyed the ample provision made
for their comfort and pleasure. During the
evening, Mr. Skelly, who acted as Miss Mac*
Donald', campaign manager during the contest, called upon Mr, Win. McLean, an old
Hudson's Bay employe, to make a presents*
tion to the guest of honor. In well-chosen
terms, Mr. McLean spoke of the high esteem
in which Miss MacDonald was held by her
fellow employees as the result of three years'
pleasant association In the store. As a token
of this regard, ho presented to her a handsome gold locket and chain. Miss MacDonald
replied briefly, expressing her thanks to her
fellow employees for their support during the
contest and the handsome gift which they had
just given her. ***
HARVEY'S
V/i Days Sale of
Men's Suits,
Hats, Shirts,
Underwear,
Etc.
will be your chnnce to help cut
down tho high coat of living.
Suit Sale Prices:
$12.75 and $14.75
$18.75 and $21.75
See evening papers Friday anil
windows for other prices.
TWO RELIABLE STORES FOR
MEN
J.N.Harvey
LIMITED
126-127 HASTINOS ST. WEST
Also Yates Street, Victoria
SEMIMONTHLY PA!
DAY DEMANDED
U
Railway Officials, Machinists
and Congress Heads on
the Job
Change in Brotherhood Legislative Agent Unifies
Labor's Policy
It is to be hoped thut tho bill providing for the serai-monthly puyment of
wuges on railways will be enucted at
tho present session of the Dominion
parliament. In this connection it ia interesting to nolo events following the
opposition to the meusure by the late
Harvey Hall, legislative representative
of the Order of Railway Conductors,
before the senate committee some years
ngo. President Watters in hiB report to
the St. John convention of tho Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, in 1914,
stated: "It will be remembered that
Mr. Hall, the legislative representative
of the Order of Railway Conductors,
promised me to submit to the members
of his organization with a favorable recommendation, a letter I wrote him asking for a withdrawal of opposition to
the establishment of the semi-monthly
payment of wages on railways, through
an amendment to the Railway Act. Mr.
Hall was as good as his word, and there
is now no opposition to the measure
from any working class source."
The agitation commenced culminated
at the last convention of the railway
conductors by the ndoption of a resolution calling for the semi-monthly payment of wages. The opposition is not
alone romoved, therefore, but the active
co-operation of tho conductors is now
being lent to the other railway brotherhood representatives, together with President Watters of the Congress.
It may be news to some of the delegates attending the conventions of the
Congress to know that the successor to
the late Harvey Hall is the ex-mayor
of Port William, L. L. Pelletior. Mr.
Pelletier is making no secret to the
powers that be in Ottawa where he
stands with regard to the semi-monthly
payment of wages, but to all labor legislation of a beneficial character.
It is to be hoped that something tangible will result from the co-operative
efforts of Labor representatives '.'outside" the hulls of legislation at Ottawa—until such time as the workers
get wise enough to place law-makers
and enforcers on the "inside."
WSS  GRACE MACDONALD
The popular employee of the Hudson's  Bay Company, who waa runner-op in the contest
for the Queen of the war Dance Carnival, ,
have such a rousing celebration here
as to make our industrial masters
tremble in their boots forever and a
day. Let us no longer allow our masters to make our agreements for us. but
let us make them for ourselves. Band
yourselves together. Join with your
fellow workers and help us to kick the
parasites off our backs and keep them
off.
'The calloused hands of the labor
giant tell the tragic story of his apoB-
tacy to hiB brain."
N'   COTOTBY STOBB
C O L U MfB I A
TONIGHT
Come and have a good time, perhaps
take home a aide of baoon.
Halting! Street, near Abbott
OOAL MINERS BOUND
RALLYING ORT TO LABOR
(Continued from Page One)
pare the principles for which this day
stands with the principles that are associated with May 24th. May 1st Ib set
apart for the propagation of the idea of
universal brotherhood. The motto of
labor is "Workers of tho World
Unite." Unite for tho purpose of
eliminating racial hatred; to guarantee to the producers of wealth that
which their labor brings forth; that the
cause of wars may bo removed; that
peace may prevail; that no porson Bhall
be allowed to obtain a material advantage over others, either by virtue of
fortune of birth or endowment, and
that no one who is willing or able
to work shall be forced to starve in the
midst of plenty. Compnre those noble
principles with the aims and objects of
imperialism as I saw them set forth on
the stationery of one imperialist organizntion, "One Flag, One Throne,
One Empire."
These are thc principles we subscribe
to when we celebrate May 24th. Upon that day we lose sight of the fact
that there are toiling millions outside
of our own empire, unless our masters
look upon those toiling millions as
potential wage slaves to be seized and
exploited when their ideal of "Onc
flag and ono empire" has been nt*
taincd.
We only recognize a limited brotherhood within the various confines of tho
British empire. Presumably, othor empires hove their ideas of one flag,
etc., and wo nro well aware that when
rival sections of tho human family
have each thc same ideal and we know
that thore is only room for ono at the
finishing post, there is going to be a
scrap until the strongest comes on top,
not the one that hns the greater right,
but the one thnt has the greater might.
The Wu of the Ages,
There we hnvo one of the most prolific causes of war, with all the misery
nnd suffering it entails. There is
wnr on between capital and labor, ns
evidenced by the fact of thero being
outbreaks of open violenco from time
to time. Thc worker is always trying
to get a turgor shnre of tho wealth that
ho produces, but strange to Bay, his
sharo is gradually nnd contiuuully get*
ling smaller. But there is a timo coming whon tlu> final conflict will bc
staged. It may be n battle of ballots,
fought without bloodshed, or it may assume thc form of the Russian revolution, but whatever form it takes, capitalism will go down and stay down.
Tho cause of wars will vanish from off
tho earth. Thc dawn of human brotherhood will bo ushered in and never
more will the world behold the spec-
taclo of millions of useful toilers shedding their blood on the battlefields of
ruling class war. The downfall of capitalism will make tho arrival of the human animal to man's full estate, manhood crowned with freedom and mnn
attired in liberty'b garb.
A Call to Arms.
Now, fellow-workers Of tho coal mining camps of Vancouver Island, we, the
members of Local 872, U. M. W. of A.,
are appealing to you. We are putting
thin IsHtie of Thc Federationist into as
many uf your hands ns possible, with
the twofold purpose of trying to point
out to you your duly. Tojisk you to,
first, organize with us for the purposo
of helping yourselves and your families
to o fuller enjoyment of the fruits of
your labors; secondly, to support the
papers that o,rc published in tne interests of the working cIobs. Our local
is subscribing in a body to tho B, C.
Federationist and we hope to see the
circulation of our own paper boosted
on Vancouver Island. Don't forget
thnt if wo do not hang together, wo
will be hnnged separately. Let ub
build up and strengthen our organization, and when Labor's International
holiday comeB around once more, let us
GET YOUB MEALS
—AT-
McLeod's
Restaurant
ROGERS' BUILDING
478 CtrUTille Street (downstairs)
HOME COQKING
QUICK SERVICE
MODERATE
PRICES
GIVE US A TBIAL
mWaaMmmmviSmMmm
A pleasant surprise awaits you
if you go to the
Orpheum
CAFE
for your meals.   A joy to
travellers.
Tb* Pick of til* Market.
Charges Moderate
768 OBANVILLE STBEET
Oppoaite the Orpheum Theati*
ARGUE!
eonvSobacco.
..._._ BAKING
NABOB powdeb
Tour best, efforts at cake making
and eake baking will fall far
abort of success if yonr baking
powder is not np to standard.
Use Nabob Baking Powder and
be sure of yonr result!.
TOUB OBOOEB SELLS
NABOB PUBE POODS.
ICE
Phone
Will Reduce the
High Cost of Living
Price
Simple
Pmctmtl
Efficient
\DRA1N
IC£ CHAMBER
WSI/LAT1W
FOOD CHAMBER
$5.<K
A.L.AMIEL
South Wellington Coal

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