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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 1, 1916

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BRITISH
INDUSTRIAL 1 9ITs STBENOTM
FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOB
EIGHTH if AR.   No. 48
POUTTOAL UNITY: VIOTOBT
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 1,1916
(In Vincouver\
City $2.00  /
$1.50 PER YEAR
I ACM
Will Endeavor To Secure
Municipal Representation
At Next Election
Central Labor Body Taking
The Initiative and Will
Make Itself Felt
PKINCE RUPERT, B. C, Nov. 25.—
Tho Prince Ruport Trades und Labor
council hus taken the lead in the forth-
earning municipal campaign, At u
special meeting culled on Tuesday night,
the legislative committee presented "a
report which included a call for u "got
together" meeting on Friday, Nov. 24.
It was felt that thero wero many who
while not able to claim afliliatiou with
the central body, wero entirely in accord
with Ub aims and principles, und,by widening their Held of operations, greater
forco could bo brought to bear for the'
benciit of the city und tho workors in
particular. This meeting, which was
presided over by 8, 1). Alucdonuld, president of the Trades and Labor council,
was woll attended, and lasted well
on to midnight. It waB decided to uamo
the organization the Prince Rupert
Municipal Movement. As the chairman
stnted iu his opening remarks it was
the desire, for once at icust, to drop ull
partyisins and pull together for tho
benefit of tho citizens as a wholo.
Tho plunks of tho platform, Buch ub
adherence to the principle of municipal
ownership, the Saturday half-holiday,
the broadening of children's education,
and tho removal of the U. T. P. railway's strauglo-hold on industrial sites
along thu Prince Ruport waterfront, duy
lubor Bystem, etc., were reuflirmed nnd
supported.
The quostion of the weekly half-holiday waa debated for more than an hour,
with tlio rosult thut tho fooling was
overwhelmingly in favor of Saturday.
• W. J. McCutcheou, on motion of Aid.
Geo. Cnsoy, seconded by W. E. Thompson, wus unanimously elected chairman
of tho movement, and 11. 0. Roberts
was elected secrotury pro tem. It was
decided to select a committeo of live,
with the privilege of adding to sume as
the business of the organization necessitates. Tho following were chosen: J.
J, Anderson, A. \V. Edge, J. C. Qavigun,
Aid. Oeo. Casey and W. E. Thompson.
It will be tho duty of this committee
to udopt further planks in the platform
taken from the suggestions ut the meeting, aud prepare a slate of candidates
for tho coming eloction.
The methods, secretive and others, of
conducting thc business of the city,
came in for severe criticism ut the hands
of Aid. Casoy, ox-Aid. A. W. Edge and
other business men present. Aid. 0. H.
Nelson, chnirmun of the finance committee, mndo an attempt to defend the actions of his colleagues oa the municipal
board. Ho may hnvo satisfied himself
that he was right, certninly not tho
meeting. Thus ended the lirst mooting
with   the   "get   together"   spirit
THERE IS NO CONSCRIPTION
IN DOMINION OF CANADA
How a Big Mining Company Fosters Patriotism and Aids
Recruiting—Some Light Thrown Upon Methods of
Capital in the Game of Squeeizng Profit from
Labor — Advantage Taken of Conditions
0
Princo Ruport's history, and it BtartB w»w itself to bo deprived of.   It is a
F COURSE everybody anywhere near Vancouver has heard of
the Britannia Mines, located on Howe Sound, but a few miles
away. During the last few years hundreds of men have passed
back and forth between this city and this slave pen of modern capitalism. They are continually going and coming. Thc conditions of
slavery at these mines arc so revolting to every principle or instinct of
manhood and self-respect, that few are sufficiently devoid of spirit to
submit to those conditions for any great length of time. . It is only
that sort of human labor that is utterly callous and indifferent to the
coarsest of treatment that will stand for any extended period of service under the conditions that prevail at Britannia. Thc consequence
is that a continual stream of men is leaving and a similar stream is
flowing in to take the places thus made vacant. Like many other ol!
thc delectable slave plantations that arc making British Columbia
famous as the land of ideal capitalist exploitation, the conditions at
Britannia are so repulsive that workers will only consent to go there
as a sort of last resort, and as a rule with naintention of staying any
longer than is actually necessary in order to get hold of sufficient
money to enable them to make a get-away to some more attractive and
promising locality.
A Patriotic Concern.
It is alleged that more thun ono hundred men huve been discharged from
Britannia, during the past few weeks,
becuuBo they refused to make contribution to the patriotic fund, satisfactory
to the mining company. It is a mutter
of common knowledge that this Wt of
practice is openly and ruthlessly indulged iu by theBe Britannia lubor skinners,
As everything at Britannia Bench ia the
property of tho company, there is nothing for the worker to do but tako his
medicine, with the assurance that there
is no power in British Columbin to
which he cun appeal against such brutal
and cowardly treatment, ut least with
uny hopo of relief. Nothing can be
moro contemptible than for ono man or
set of men to uso their power of property, of employment, for the purposo of
compelling others to surrender thoir
hard-earned und meagre resources for
uny purposo whatever, either patriotic
or otherwise. But it is just the sort of
thing thut hus ulways been done by musters in their dealings with enslaved
workers. It iB a poor patriotism thut
depends upon auch methods for ita existence, nnd it ia u poor couutry to light
for, thut will not only tolerate such
treatment boing accorded to any ono
within its borders, but protects and encourages thoso who indulge in it.
Other Queer Tblngs Done.
There are many othor queer things
happening nt Britannia. No one cun
long work thore, who nas a family, unless thut family is brought to Britunuia
to live. Cuscb have come to our attention where men who timf obtained employment nt the mines, preferred to
leave their families in Vnncouver. Aa
soon us the fact was determined that
they would not move to Britannia, their
services were promptly dispensed with.
It is evidently oae of tho company's
prerogatives to bo allowed to extract
whatever profit may be possible from
supplying slaves und their dependents
with whatever they may wish to purchase. It is n prerogative thut this do-
lightful capitalist combination will not
off under vory favorable auspicos
Central Body's Labor Hall.
Tho Carponters' hall, the homo of organized labor since tho pioneer days of
Prince Rupert, hus been tnken over by
the Trades and Labor council for the
duration of tho wur. Owing to business
depression and the fact that many of
its members are serving the colors, the
"hi-id curpenters' union, at one time thc
strongest organization in the city, finds
its membership not sufficiently strong to
properly atteudf tho catering of tho
building, and a mutual ngreement waa
entered into whereby tho central body
took over the management the first of
tho month.
Active Unionist Dead.
Word has jjst been received of tho
death of John O'Brien, ut North Portal,
Bask. "Jack" wus ono of the early
struggle™ in Princo Rupert, and took an
active part in all things which tended to
benefit the working class. Ho held tho
poaition of official organizer for the
American Federation of Lubor prior to
his leaving for tho prairies, a couplo of
years ago. He leaves a widow und live
sniull children.
Another Peace Casualty.
Seldon E. Stobbins, un electrician,
well-known in Princo Rupert, was killed
at Anyox, B. C, on.Nov. 11, whero he
has been in tho employ of tho Grnnby
Co. for tho past year. Tho news cume
as a great shock to tho mnny who know
him hero, as he had been paying tho city
a visit only a few weeks previous to his
death. He had worked as an electrician
while tho dry dock horo was undor construction, and it wus during this period
he became an active member of the
Princo Ruport Trades and Labor councU, and wus highly respected by ull who
knew him. Deceased was 33 years of
age. The funeral was held at Anyox
from the English church, six of his fellow linesmen acting as pallbearers,
while a large gathering of sympathizing
friends filled the chufch. His remains
were forwarded to his former homo in
Troy, New Hampshire, U. S. A., for
burial.
Organizer Roid, of tho Boiler Makers,
will reach Vancouver during the coming
week from Victoria.
"Eddie" O'doll, organizor of the
Shoe Workers, writing to President McVety of the Trades and Labor Council,
compliments the council on the organi-
' cation of the local shoo workers and
states that tho international haa a strike
fund of (350,000.00 to take care of futuro disputes.
D. McCallum, tho Machinists' organizer held a meeting at New Westminster
last, night to give a number of machinists an opportunity of "getting in" bo-
1 fore the new charter is closed up. Election and installation of officers will
tako place as soon as the charter is
received.
well-known fact that no person working
at Britannia is allowed to purohaso even
the smallest amount of mprchundise
elsewhere than at Britannia. Thnt
moans purchasing from tho company, of
course. Such being tho cubo, it is easy
to understand the why and whoreforo of
the entire matter. Some might be simple
enough to suppoae that goods might
reach a resident of Britannia through
His Majesty's mail without interference, but such person does hot know tho
Britannia mining company. Tho inviolability of the mails is as much of nn
unknown quantity to the Britannia company, na far as the mail of ita bIuvcs
ia concerned, us it ia with the Entente
Allies, whore the mail of its enemies is
concerned. All mnil that goes to Bri
tannin is contraband, and consequently
liable to seizure and scrutiny. And that
is exactly what happens to it. Not n
slnvo at Britnnuia dares to have a copy
of The Federationist, or any other Labor
or socialist publication, como to him
through the mnil. Nor is it safe for
him to hnve in bis possession any evidence of over having had anything to
do with a labor organization, or any
labor disturbance. It Is nn open secret
that the personal belongings of employees aro subject to search at nny
time the compnny tools chance to find
the employee's back turned. And woo
bo unto he who is found tn bo in possession of n union card or other incriminnt-
'ng ovidence. Thnt thero are many oilier
interesting nnd cunning littlo practices
indulged in by this precious company
and its stuff of vermin. And the tale of
these will bc told in good timo. It is,
sufficient to hero remark that thero is i
not a force, nor nn interest in British j
Columbin, nt the present time, thnt
dnrea oven to open its mouth in the way
of protest ngninst the doings of thia nnd
similar aggregations of capitalist high
pirates, outside of the Labor movement.
The harried victims of rapacious capital
nt Britannin nnd all other alavo pena of
the province, have not a friend in British Columbia, outside of themselves
nnd the other members of their class.
Government, press, pulpit nnd school are
all against them. All nre nursed nnd
s.ickled and sanctified and blessed by
that capitalist monster of proporty thnt
draws its nover ending increment from
tho brutal and merciless exploitation of
slnveB. And all are its faithful puppets,
apologists and valiant defenders.
ORGANIZED LABOR TO
ORGANIZEJPOLITICALLY
Aggressive Element in Toronto Labor
World Determined to Have Party
of Tlieir Own.
Tne aggressive section of Toronto
Labor forces, last Monday decided
to form a party for independent
political action. The platform of
the party will be public ownership,
abolition of the senate, abolition of
property qualification for aspirants
to municipal offlce, abolition of deposit for candidates for parliamentary representatives, equal suffrage
for men and women, proportional
representation, eight hours day and
the adoption of the initiative and
referendum system. The question
of the name of the new party will
be settled at the next meeting.
NELSON TRADES AND
LABORjKNTRAL BODY
Legislators Who Turned Down Workers'
Demands Gladly Serve
Other Interests.
NELSQN, Nov. 27.—At tho last meeting of Nelson TradeB and Labor
council on tho recommendation of the
mayor, Dr. Roae, M, P. P., (who would
huve been a cabinet minister if Bowser
had succeeded in bamboozling tho people again), gave notice of a motion to
amend the city bylaw to givo u reduction of licence fees to the liquor men of
Nelson. No doubt the grout politicians
nbovo mentioned hnve proven to tho
people tho aide they stand ou.
When tho working men hero naked for
thoir former rates of wages to bo given
back to them, those same cheap politicians handed thom a lemon by turning
thom down. But when tho booze element made tho appeal for reduction of
fees, those samo two sainta very obediently bowed quickly to tho worshipping
jjhrinc, which has proven a source of
comfort und refuge for their aspirations
in tho pust. i
NEW LABOR ORGANIZATION '
Boot and Shoe Workers Will Have
Local of Over 100 Members.
With the employeos of tho Leckie
Shoo Co., Ltd., aa a buais, there will
shortly bo iu existence ia Vancouver a
local of the International Boot and Shoe
Workors' union.
A woll-attouded meeting of the
Leckie employees was held lust Saturday afternoon, at which the question
wus discussed and formal application
mado to tho union for u charter. This
application has been forwnrded to the
headquarters of tho organization at
Boston, Mass., and aa soon as it ia received, tho local will proceed to put ita
affairs on a permanent working basis.
The temporary officers now in chargo
of tho organization are as follows: President, Alf. J. Hafraway, 22(13 Sixth
avenuo east; vice-president, Henry .1.
Luokon, 70 Twentieth avenue cast; secretnry, Tom Cory, 132 Tomple ton drive;
treasurer, Win. Bonham, 1305 Pender
street west.
Tho organisation will tnko iu not only
tho employees of tho Leckie factory, but
also all journeymen working ia the
many shoe repairing shops of tho district. Good work iB already being done
in lining up these men, and it is expected that the new locnl will start with
fully 100 members.
FAR FROM THE FIRING
LINE
Peace Hatb Its' Horrors As Well
As War.
It is with a feeliag of profound
sadness that one reads the casualty lists from the battlefront in
Europo. The horrors of war are
supposed to be unknown to us
who remain at home, fur from the
field of strife. Hero dwelleth
peace. The tramp of armed men
going forth to kill and destroy iB
not heard. The tempest and turmoil of battlo iB to us hut u nightmare aud a dream. Nothing of
that kind is going on here in
Canada, oh, no. During tho last
year, 830 work people wore killed
in Canadian industries, while 41)49
wero injured as a result of ncci-
dents. The mining industry was
responsible for 109 fatalities, tho
railways for lit und agriculture,
1)4. There doeB not nppeur to bo
uny reuaon why n Canadian workingman should 'refrain from enlisting for the war, through fear
of losing his life or becoming
crippled. Tho rlskB of staying at
home und working seem to be
ubout as great ns those of going
to war. If he goeB to war und is
killed, his name is placed upon
the roll of honor, and a pretense
at fusa is made over his demise.
That may not Shave much of a
cash valuation, but at any rnte it
is just that mulch more thun he
would get if killed at home in
peuceful indaBtjry. It is well
worth thinking over.
A. F. OF L TO MEET IN
E,
Baltimore Convention Concluded Sessions Sunday
Night Last
Organized Labor Opposed to
All That Makes for
Militarism
THE BALTIMORE convention of the
American    Federation    of    Labor,
LONGSHOREMEN'S UNION
District Secretary Announces Organisation of Union Stevedoring Go's.
,T. A, Madsen, secretary-treasurer of
tho Pacific Coast District International
Longshoremen's association, announces
that the organization of union longshoremen 's stevedoring companies on
Puget Sound, at Grays Harbor and WU-
lnpa Harbor,.'was nenring completion,
and that the new concerns would onter
into competition with present non-union
operating companies.
MEMBERSHIP OF TRADE
UNIONS IN CANADA
According to the annual report of the
Department of Labor, there wero ut tho
close of the last fiscal year, 933 labor
unions in Cnnada, only 482 of whom
hnvo reported their membership to the
department. Theso 482 unions report a
total membership of 00,807. Of 12(1
unions in Montreal, only 37 huve reported to the department. They claim
a membership of 10,707. Six,ty-two out
of 110 unions in Toronto have a membership of 13,273; thirty-eight out of 80
in Winnipeg have a membership of 5813.
Vancouver has 58 unions, of whom 30
report a membership of 4557; Edmonton
43 unions of whom 28 havo a member
ship of 1954; Calgary, 37 unions of
whom 24 have a membership of 1760;
Reglna, 27 of whom have 844 members,
nnd Saskatoon, 23 unions, of whom 14
repjrt 514 members. '
Barbers for Two-Platoon System.
(it a meeting of Local 120 of the
Journeymen Barbers' union, held Tuesday ovoning, the proposed two-platoon
system for the Vancouver fire department was endorsed, and it was decided
to sonda letter to the city council notifying Mat body of tho union's views on
the matter.
which has been in session for thc past
throe   weeks,   adjourned   late   Sunday
evening.   Its deliberations were of
usual interest for re ven these unusual
times.
Western trude unionists will be pleased to know thut Butte, Montana, wus
chosen as the meeting pluce for next
year's convention. '
All the old officers wero reelected
without opposition.
Tho report of a special committee, up-
pointed to prepure a statement on the
principles upon which the Federation
declares it's position with respect to
"militarism" und whicli vigorously opposed militury training in schools, was
adopted unanimously. The resolution iu
part reads: "Wo aro unalterably opposed to uny form of physical training
'or uny quantity of mental education
which would tend to iucilcute the spirit
of militarism."
Tho Voice, Winnipeg, just to hand,
says: "Things havo beon running nicely for the American Federation of
Labor recently. Its prestige and political strength huve boon wonderfully improved us a result of tho presidential
election. President Gompers, carrying
to its inevitable conclusion his policy of
'Supporting friends and opposing enemies,' which he formulated aa an offset
to socialist agitation in tho councils of
tho Federation, went neck and crop into
the campaign. There would have been
nothing doing in the way of Labor legislation if Hughes had got to tbe White
House, but seeing that thia was just
avoided, tho A. F. of L. ought to count.
as much as the democratic party in th..
delicate operation of steering congress
for tho next four yours. In a way it
wus Gompers' success as much as wil
son's, and it is once moro a case of good
fortune favoring u redoubtable figlit
The United States Steel corporation
hns announced a genoral raise of wnges.
Does anyone imagine this lubor-hatiug
crew hus experienced a change of heart?
Or does it fear that all workers in the
steel industry muy join with tho miners
now organized in tho next fight with
their exploiter? Does the Steel Trust
wish to exculpate itself beforo working
its murderous will upon Hum Scurlett,
.Toe Schmidt and Carlo Treacaf—Hnrri-
son George.
ALDERMEN DO I
I
ACT
Refuse to Consider Petition
Representing Nearly
8000 Electors
Firemen Will Continue Cam*
paign and Confident
of Victory
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Doc. 3—Moving Pic-
ture Operators; Bartendors.
MONDAY, Dec. 14—Boilermakers; Eloctrical Workors; Brow-
ery Workers; Tailors.
TUESDAY, Dec. 5—Amnlgnmnted
Carpenters; Railway Firemen;
Cigarmakers.
WEDNESDAY, Dee. 6—Plasterers; Tile Layers; Press Feeders.
THURSDAY, Dec. 7—Trades and
Labor Council; Garment Workors.
FRIDAY, Doc. 8—
THE MANNER in which the electors
of Vancouvor are behind the eity
firemen in their effort to establish a two-
platoon system for the fire department,
was shown in a striking manner when
the signutures to the petition requesting
the city council to take such action wero
totalled on Wednesday morning. It was
found that 7941 electors had endorsed
the ideu, thus making the petition the
strongest popular request which has
over been presented to tho mayor and
aldermen. Tho number will be over
8000 when all the petitions are in, as
somo petitiona which were iu the bunds
of canvassers, wero not available when
the total was computed.
Tho strength of the petition will be
seen at a glance, whon it is stated thut
there were only 10,480 votes cust for
mayor ut the civic elections last January, tho request thus representing 80
per cent, of the electors who take
enough interest in civic affairs to cast
their votes.
The petition was placed in tho bands
of Mayor McBeath on Wednesday morning with a request that it bo placed before the fire and police committee nt its
meeting ou Wednesday afternoon, and
thus secure expeditious uction on thc
subject.
Aldermen Do tbe "Sidestep" Act..
Despite the strong petition of the firemen, in view of their support by about
8000 electors, the fire und police committee practically turned down the request, and refused to refer it to the
council for consideration, the ordinary
action in such u case.
The discussion ut the nieeting showed
thut Aid. Kirk, who had previously opposed the consideration of the matter in
a vigorous manner, ond done overything
in his power to lessen tho number of
signers to tho petition, hud been busy
around the city hull. When the city
solicitor was not at tho moment available, it was Aid. Kirk who came to the
front and volunteered the information
that tho taking of a "plebiscite; even
when requested by Buch a petition as
wns presented, was illegal and that,
should tho aldermen approve auch u
course,'they would be rendering themselves liable, explaining thut this view
was tnken by the city solicitor when ho
interviewed the official on the subject.
Later, in the meeting, the city solicitor
nppeared and personally stated this
viow to bo the case.
Plebiscites of a Similar Character.
Neither tho city solicitor, Aid. Kirk
nor any alderman sitting around the
table could explain how lt wus that in
tho pnat plebiscites on many questions
havo boen put up to the doctors in connection with the civic elections. One
case, somo years ngo, wus on "all
fours" with the two-platoon proposal,
as it covered the question of the establishment of an 8-hour dny for board of
works employees. This was carried by
a large majority and, guided by the decision of the electors, the civic board of
works made arrangements for snch nn
arrangement when preparing its estimates.
But, us the aldermen were denf, dumb
and blind to the arguments put forward
by the firemen's representatives, as well
us to the strength of the petition on the
table before them, the petition and application was withdrawn by Air. Rich-
irdsnn, of the firemen's two-plntoon
committee, who then left the room stating that the matter would be ngnin
brought forward.
Firemen Will Keep Up Campaign.
Yesterday morning Mr. Watson, chair-
man of the firemen's committee, said
that the two-plntoon question was still
very much a live issue, and that the
campaign for the holding of a plebiscite
On tho subject und arrangements for the
plan being (idopted next year would be
continued with unabated vigor. Legal
advice was now being secured ns to the
position of the firemen, and as soon us
tins opinion was received, the subject
would again bo brought forward.
"And," continued Air. Watson, "the
firemen are expecting tho hearty support of organized labor iu whatever
move we may take to secure a reasonable working day for the firemen.
Through The Federationist wo would express our thnnks to thu mnny union meu
who signed our petition und would usk
both them and others to lay low for the
momont but to rally to our support when
thc time comes. And it is going to
come, too," said Mr. Watson, with emphasis.
Mr. Watson said that lio was unable
to understand the viewpoint of the lire
and police committee in dealing with
the petition. "When a mere request
from the firemen for n plebiscite wns
turned down," he said, "we were disappointed, but uot surprised. But the
turning down of a petition signed by
anno «in«**^-D :- .■- >> - 3*-n--i
preseutatives of every line of trade or
calling followed in Vancouver. Personally, I don't see how n council could,
with justice, turn down such a strong
inquest.
"Well, the firemen now know that
they have behind them the support of
the voting publie, and tbat the electors
do not approve of the men at the halls
working 21 houra per day for six days
of the week. The names of those 8000
electors attached to our petition mean
that the public is behind us in our battle
and that means we are going to win our
flght."
Prominent Citizens interested.
Mr. Watson stated that during the
week he had called by request upon a
number of prominent citizens, including
representatives of women's organizations. At these conferences he had explained the work of the firemen at pro-
sent, and tho merits of thc two-platoon
Bystem. In every cubo he had received
assurances of co-operation and requests
for dotailed information on the question. He said that he would bo glad to
meet any citizen or organization for tbe
discussion of the subject, and that arrangements would be made for firemen
to attend meetings of ratepayers' a
ciations or other organizations, if desired to explain the mutter.
"Lot organized labor keop its car to
the ground, and come to our aid when it
is needed. And that call will come in
the-very near future," concluded Mr.
Wntson.
John Mclnnis Will Contest
the Election of Tory
Candidate
Petition May Also Be Filed
Alleging Illegal Acts
Committed
8000 electors is an action of a distinct
ly different character."
Petition Was Representative.
"In tho work of preparing the petition, tho firemen acted in n fnir manner.
They sought tho names of electors only
nnd, had thoy accepted signatures from
all who wore willing to put down their
numes, tho petition would hnvo been fnr
stronger. Thoy also were careful in
their literature to distinctly state that
tho plan mennt somo increnso in thc
fire department estimates for next yenr,
this nmount being given at a higher
mark than will really be tho case. And,
even then, wo had no difficulty in getting tho signatures. Why, a moro representative petition never wont beforo the
city council. It embraced prominent
business nnd professional men nnd re*
PRINCE GEORGE, B. C, Nov; 28.-
John Mclnnis, the socialist candidate
for this constituency at tbe lute election, yesterday took tho necessary steps
to contest tho election of W. R. Ross,
late minister of lands in the Bowser
governmont. An application for a recount wus filed with tho county court
registrar of this county, ou behalf of
Mr. Mclnnis, and this will be proceeded
with us rapidly as possible. The recount cannot bo made until the ballots
are sont on to the county court judge,
whicli should bo within the next few
dnys.
Ross Is from Fernie.
There have been rumors flouting
uround^of numerous illegal acts committed, and corrupt practices indulged in
for the purpose of ensuring the election
of Ross. Should tho recount result
the confirmation of Ross' election, it
rumored that a petition will bo filed
ngainst his election, upon thc ground of
illegal practice. This man Ross is from
Pernio. His record, along the lino of
corrupt election practice in the Fernie
district, is unique. Ho much so, in fact,
that it is more than likely that thc reason for his not running there at the recent election, may have an intimate
connection with that record.
Purged By Fire.
It is related that at a certuin election
at Fernie, not mnny moons since, tho
election of this man Ross having been
brought about by such notoriously corrupt practices, u contest was made and
a recount demanded. While this mutter
wus ponding, u fire broke out in the
court house, und the ballot boxes thut
were supposed to hold the incriminating
evidence thut would invalidate the election of tho enterprising Ross, wero destroyed. This, of course, made a recount impossible. Though it would ut
first glance appear to be a sort of dispensation of providence that had thus,
as it were, purged the political gentleman by fire, there nre doubtingTliomusew
round and about Fernie evon unto this
day, who aro impudent enough to pre
sume thnt providence had nothing to do
with starting tho blaze.
Saved By Shipwreck.
At the noxt election, and in the Fer-
• district, a similar resort to illegal
and corrupt practices was indulged in
for the purpose of again seating Ross in
office. A recount was flemuiided, but
certain ballot boxes were this time lost
through tlie capsizing of n canoe in
which they were being conveyed to the
aent of justice. As these particular
boxes were tho ones supposed to contain
thc Incriminating evidence, it will never
he known Whether Hoss was as crooked
nt that election as everybody around
Fernie knew he was, or not. If he was,
it mny well be said that ho wns savetl
by shipwreck, from the wrath of justice. In view of these Fernie events, it
is up to "Jnck" Mclnnis and his
friends to hide all the matches and
scuttle nil the boats nfter the recount.
O th or wisp they will bc left in the nice.
Ross is a high-clusa politician of the
cnpitalist type. To be auro he is a conservative, but oven nt mat lie is amply
Typographical Union Joins
In Asking Government
To Step In
Next Meeting Will Be Held
On Sunday Afternoon,
December 17
An exceptionally well attended regular meeting of Vancouver Typographical
union was held on Sunday afternoon
last, in Labor Temple. President H. O*
Benson was in the chair, aud all officers
were in their places, with the exception
of Vice-president W. R. Trotter, wbo
was absent owing to illness.
One of the most important matters
dealt with was the adoption of a resolution bearing on a question whieh is very
far reaching in its effect, and is of great
importance to both newspaper publishers and employees engaged in tbe printing and allied crafts.
The manufacturers of white news
print paper in Canada have signified
their intention to increase the price of
their output to Canadian newspapers by
00 per cent, on January 1, 1917. ' Existing conditions and cost of production do
not in any way justify such an advance
in the price of this commodity, and it is
common knowledge that, rather are the
declared dividends of paper manufacturers for 1910, arid the prospective earnings for 1917, nlmost unprecedented.
In order that the attentoin of the proper authorities may be drawn to this
conditio of uuffairs the following resolution, addressed to Right Hon. Sir B. L.
Borden, premier, and Hon, Sir Thomas
White, minister of finance, ut Ottawa,
is being endorsed by tho Typographical
unions throughout tbe Dominion, in an
effort to, if possible, prevont such Unwarranted advance in the cost of news
print paper, viz.:
"Whereas, tho papermakers of Canada have stated tbat the price of white
news print paper will be increased by 60
per cent, on January 1, 1917;
"And whereas, such increase is not
justified by the increased cost of the
manufacture of said paper.
"And whereas, such increase, if allowed to be put in force, will be detrimental to the newspapers of the whole
of Canada, and would force many newspapers to cease publication or to amalgamate—thereby displacing many mem?
bers of the printing and allied crafts.
"Resolved, that the Dominion government bo petitioned to tnko such action
under the War Measures Act of 1914 as
shall assure to the publishers of Canadian newspnpors u full supply of news
print paper at n fnir price, to bo fixed
by tho hon. minister of trhdo and commerce, or the hon. minister of finance.
"And further resolved that a copy of
this resolution bc forwarded to Right
Hon. Sir R, L. Borden, premier, and
Hon. Sir Thomas White, minister of
finance, asking them to take immediate
action."
Tho next regular meeting of No. 220
will be held on Sundny afternoon, Dec.
17, at the usual time and place. This
advances thc meeting two weeks earlier
than ordinarily, and is done on account
of it being deemed inndvisablo not to
hold the meeting during Christmas or
New Year holidays.
VICTORIA TRADES
COUNCIL IN SESSION
Tbe High Cost of Living a Subject for
Mandatory Investigation.
VICTORIA, Nov. 80.—At last night's
nieeting of the Central Lubor body it
wns decided to aak the City Council to
conduct an investigation und thut -organized labor should be represented ou
the investigating body.
The secretary wob directed to writo
to the City Council asking tho latter to
undertake an investigation as to thu
causes of the increased cost of living
under Ihe Fedcrtil Order-in-Council, and
suggesting that organized labor be represented on tho investigating body.
TllO resolution of tho Trades Council was as follows:
Whereas an Order-in-Council hns been
passed giving power to municipal bodies
to investigate the high cost of living;
And whereas said municipal bodies
have to Obtain permission of the Provincial Attornoy-Gonornl to prosecute;
And whereas the workers ure the ones
to suffer the most from tho increued
cost of necessities of life and aro not
represented on these bodies, which are
in the in ii in composed of men interested
in the selling or production of these necessities;
Therefore bo it resolved tlmi  is is
the sense  of  this Trndes and   Lubor
Council that this should be mado the
subject of a mandatory investigation,
commissions   should be   up-
und   that
Zullf in**? h*\ plnco among lJT ,,oi"t<,,l ln tho variola districts to hold
valiant   Liberals   who   so   successfully __\\ Inquiries forthwith;
purified   the   political    ntmosphere
Vnncouver nt the recent election.
Tram Work Unsuited for Women.
The trndo unionists of Great Britain
hnve declared that tram work is "un-
suited for women, both from a moral
and physical standpoint." In the report of tho A. F. of L. fraternal delegates to the British Trades Union congress, wo find the following significant
statement:
Tho congress endorsed n resolution
culling for a revocation of tho order
licensing women to net as conductors on
omnibuses or trams, theso licenses having beon grantod ns a war emergency
measure. Surprise hnd been created by
the contention that thoso licenses were
issued fnr nil time. It wns felt that on
penco being declared nil Buch licenses
should automatically expire on tho date
for which they had been issued. It hnd
been found thnt tho industry wns entirely unsuited for women, both from a
moral nnd physicnl standpoint."
And be it further resolved that copies
of this resolution be sont to tbo leaders
uf the Government and Opposition.
Another resolution bearing on tho
same matter wns ns follows:
"Where the ever-increasing eost of
tho necessities of life Is making it impossible for tho worker und his family
to exist;
And whercus tho Oovernment hns not
yet shown signs of taking uny serious
uction in this matter;
And whereas tbo Opposition has not
yet offered any advice or shown any
sign of huving seriously considered this
most pressing question;
Therefore bo it resolved that the Victoria Trndes and Labor Council condemn both the Oovernment and tbe Opposition for their neglect iu this matter;
And bo U furthor resolved that we
recommend to the membership of tho
affiliated unions thnt they consider seriously this neglect at the coming elections. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
...December 1, 101
THE
INCORPORATED
1855
BANK OF
TORONTO
AueU  169,000,000
Depoill   ta.000,000
Household Banking
Accounts
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Interost is
pnid on these accounts twice a
year.
Paid np eaplnl.
Unserve  (und   . .
6,000.000
6..30.382
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts.
FHE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece...
Offlce: Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchango Seymour 7496
SubBcriiJth.n:   $1.50 per year;   in Vancouver
City, $2.00;  to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00
upon the people of other lands, they are
about ready for the madhouse, anyhow.
And it looks us though Europe might
quite proporly be termed a crazy house,
right now. If the world spectacle of
trade and commerce, with all of its anomalies and horrors, is to be taken us a
triumph of reason nnd intelligence in
shaping the affairs of man, it should be
a mattor of thankfulness to the lower
animals that they huve remained true
to  instinct,  and  have nover yet  con*
REPRESENTATIVES
K JCe'r"" """a ll** So* K trueted the higher distemper.
Victoria..... A. S. Wolls. Box  1538	
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & Oo.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Thret Storei
SOME OP OUR
BEST CUSTOMERS
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vaneoaver,
We Will Make Terms to
Suit You
Come In and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture in
British Columbia.
41 HASTINOS ST., WEST
W. R. OWEN
Malleable   Ranges,   SheU   and
Heavy Hardware; screen dooia
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Pair. 417
THE NEW
Broadway Theatre
Comer Main and Broadway
The Suburban House Beautiful
Where the whole family goes.
PANTAGES
Unequalled VaadefUla Meana
lANTAOES VAUDEVILLE
THREE SHOWS DAILY
1:4), 7:10, 0:15    Season's Moss:
MeUnoe,  ISo;  Irealafi. lie, Mt.
British
Columbia
Land
Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stoek and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 aeres
to Actual Settlere—
Free
TKR.MH—Residence on the land
for at leaat three years; improve*
ments to tbe extent of tt per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least five aeres.
For further Information apply to
DEPUTY MINISTER OF
LANDS, VIOTOBIA, B, 0.
SEOBETABT, BU8EAU OF
PBOVINOIAL   INFORMATION,
VICTORIA, B. 0.
Quality Supreme
Sou-Van Milk
Fair. 2624 Union Delivery
Unity of labor;  tfio Hopo of tha World"
FBIDAY Deci'mber 1, 1910
THERE ARE mnny auirauls in this
world. Somo aro supposed to be
more or looa intelligent. Others,
we are told, are guided meroly by instinct. Just where tho dividing lint-1 between intelligence
THE WISDOM and instinct is tu be
OP WORLD found,   la   not   alto-
TRADE. gether clear.    All of
the so-called lower
animals, nnd these aro supposed to be
I guided solely by instinct in all of thoir
nctivities, appeur to follow one common
lino of action. Thoy ull gather food or
proride shelter, for one purpose only,
and that is for their own use. Hampered no doubt by iiiBtinct, and "cribbed, cabined and confined" in their nctivities becauso of lack of intelligence,
they have not beon permitted to venture
forth into the renlraa of the higher life
thut is apparently only to be explored
and reulized by crentures .of superior attainments and God-like intelligence.
But it is worthy of note that theso humbler members of the animal tribe never
perish from sturvation in the midst of
plenty. If they do suffer from hungci
und luck of shelter, it is due to a lack
of the things requisite to their comfort
and well being, and not because of a
plethora thereof. It has been noticed
thnt among tho lower animals there pre-
ils a pronounced disposition towards
some semblance of a communal life;
some sort of mutual aid in the accomplishment of that which is perchanco
beyond the power of the individual to
accomplish alone, but which is essential
to the common welfare.
.25 per
Board
to be $3.50 per week. Forty woodsmen
were also sent to Northern Wisconsin,
at $35 a month and board. Fifteen men
were sent to the Southwestern Wisconsin lead mines at $2.50 per day." Small
wonder that millionaires are becoming
common in a land where auch fabulous
wages are paid. It is inevitable. No
other result could be reached. Honest
now, how could it?
* *       *
But when we enter into the realm of
man, how different the tale. Reason and
intelligence now hold sway. Nothing is
left to the blind and uncertain chance
of instinct. The folly of gathering
food, etc., for the purpose of satisfying
the wants of thoso who father it, is no
longer indulged in. In fact the grossly
material plane of existence is abandon
ed, and this prince of all animals—mai
—proceeds to drink deep at the spring
of spiritual things, by seeking food,
clothing, shelter and all other things to
sell, and not to eat, to wear or to enjoy. True it is that this particular animal and his regime of intelligence
brings forth the startling anoninly of
starvation and misery in the very midst
of plenty and abundance, but that is
quite evidently the distinguishing hall
mark between instinct and intelligence.
A veritable laurel crown upon the brow
of man, typifying his superiority over
all others of animal kind. Instinct may
be all right in so fnr as satisfying the
gross material demands of the stomach
is concerned, but it requires intelligence
of a high order to fully appreciate the
intoxicating delirium of buying and
selling; tho soulful uplift of heaven-
ordained trade and commerce.
* *       *
Just ns an indication of how much
better it is to be guided by intelligence
and reason than to bo left to the uncertain chnnce of instinct, the British Isles
now furnishes a case in point. England
has been boastfully referred to as the
smithy of the world." A few mil
lions of highly intelligent persons have
been busily engnged there for some centuries in producing goods to be sold in a
world market. These worthy performers hnvo not been for a moment interested in producing anything for their
own use. Their sole purpose has boen
that of swelling the volumo of trade and
commerce. That they hnvo existed nt
nil has only been incidentul to the main
purpose and enn be nccounted for in no
other manner than by admitting that
they woro nbsolutely essentinl to tho
carrying out of thnt purposo. The purpose would fail if they were not allowed
to absorb some slight noruishment. Even
spiritual attainments cannot be mndo
without sacrifice to things thnt are
grossly material. Were it otherwise,
spiritual uccumulntion would be more
rnpid and the materinlistic conception
of history havo no foundntion in fuct.
Now this business of being the "smithy
of the world," hns worked out lino. As
a result of the interruption of the
world's trnde and commerce caused by
tho wur, tho inflow of necessary grab
and other such vulgar requisites to animal existence, has been so seriously interfered with that the prices of many
things havo become nil but prohibitory.
Spuds, for instance, are as high as $7
per sack, and othor things in proportion.
If tho war continues long enough, it
looks as though the wise Britisher will
eventually arrive at a condition that
eould be no worse, even if ho had no
intelligence and only hnlf ns much instinct ns a woodchuck. Needless to add
that matters are much the samo in thc
rest of tho belligerent countries. All
nro obsessed with the worship of trade,
and thoso which havo not already placed
themselves in the precarious position of
England) are doing their beBt to get
there. When the people of nny section
of tho enrth become so crnzy for trade
and so lost to common sense ns to place
themselves in the position of depending
for their food and other necessaries,
THE EFFORTS of The Fedorationist to swell the "patriotic fund,"
by calling the attention of tho managers of the fund to the probable location yf lurge quantities of cash, seems
to meet with the np-
PATRIOTISM, proval of a large
SUGAR AND number of people.
RECRUITING. This'office is in daily
receipt of expressions
of approbation of our policy, and the
hope that it will be persistently followed up. That the Granby pirates wero
impelled to loosen up on $15,000 for the
fund, us recorded in our last issue, has
caused many a chortle of satisfaction,
nad high hopes have boen expressed
that at least three or four times that
amount would eventually be pried out
of B. T. Rogers, the B. C. sugar baron.
It will be remembered that we called attention to that distinguished gentleman's absent-mindedness along pntriotic
lines, last week. By so doing we hoped
to nid in shaking him down for the
benefit of the f and, but up to date have
met with no success. Perchance he is
oven more absent-minded than we
thought to be the ense. But while fflie
fund has not yet been enriched by any
further cash donation from the Rogers
direction, there are signs that the patriotic leaven is working in his heart, in
such a manner as to lend to the hope
that a violent eruption of cash from his
wallet may eventually fnundate the
fund, greatly to the joy of its sponsors,
as well as to the recipients of the pntriotic loaves and fishes.
* * #
The most encouraging sign wc note is
that on a recent date Mr. Rogers very
kindly gave the recruiting officers permission to hold a recruiting meeting at
the refinery. He did, for n fact. True,
the meeting was hold betwoen the hours
of 12 m. and 1 p.m., thus being held on
the employees' own time. Not for a
moment would wo be so captious* ns to
presume that the selection of this particular hour for tho meeting was the de
liberate work of Mr. Rogers, and for so
base a purpose ns to avoid any interruption of the flow of sugar to his
pocket, evon for a few fleeting moments.
To so infer would be to suggest that the
patriotic duty of aiding in recruiting
waH a secondary consideration to that of
conserving the flow of sugar to the Rogers' pocket. Fur be it from us to draw
such an inference. Probably the noon
hour was the most satisfactory time for
tbo recruiting officers, as tne human animal iB known to bo far more amenable
to reason upon a full stomach, than an
empty one. When gorged with the average workingman's lunch, thc prospective recruit should be easily persuaded.
But at any rate, that Mr. Rogers wns
kind enough to allow a recruiting meeting to be held on his promises goes to
show that he is not altogether devoid
of real patriotism, aad gives reasonable
grounds for the hopo that such patriotism may eventually find expression in a
copious volume of tho coin, tho sugar,
the real stuff, poured into the patriotic
fund, wherefrom the widow and the
fatherless may be fed and comforted, to
the greater glory of the empire of sugar,
of stool, of pork and of plunder in general. Will the collectors for the fund
please follow the tip?
a vicious and prolonged row occurred' The work is for all winter at $1
over on Vancouver Island, the bitter j day, transportation thrown in.
memories of which are still with us. And
now that uge-long conflict of interest
between employers nnd employees, between slaves and maslcrs, breaks out
iu open rupture between tho oporators
and the minera of the Eastern British
Columbia and Alberta coal fields, tho
miners, finding their wnges insufficient
to enable them to cope with the increased cost of living, demand something in the shape of nn advance, or an
investigation of the high cost of living,
with a view to finding somo way to meet
it. As the companies have refused to
comply with these very reasonable demands, the men have laid down their
tools. And there you are, and what are
you going to do about it? The quarrel
may, or may not Inst long, but of one
thing we may bo curtuia. No mntter
how it may be patched up, nothing will
bo sottled, nothing Mill remuin patched.
Thc samo old cause will bring a recurrence of tho same old trouble The irrepressible conflict of interest between
muster und slave, exploiter and exploited, wilt still be doing business in the
samo old way. But even though tho
victory bo only a transitory one, wo
sincerely hope the workers win ull of
their demands, ami thon some.
Of course the interruption of conl
mining operutions for any length of time
will work hardship upon that long-suffering and habitually neutral ass commonly termed tho public. And yet
again, of course, the ass will bray, but
let him bray. Thnt is nbout all ho seems
cupnble of doing with nny marked degree of efficiency, and to mnny it has
appeared that he seldom, if ever, knows
what ho is braying about. But, as the
News-Advertiser of this city says, "The
Fernie strike, like tho recently threatened strike of train hands on the Canadian Pacific, is a public matter. * * *
It must not lust, for that would endanger the fuel supply of the prairie
country for the coming winter. If the
trouble cannot be settled otherwise, the
public will have to take control of the
mines and operate them." And wo
quite agree with the esteemed News-
Advertiser in this matter, although we
are not unduly impressed with the ability of the public to successfully indulge
in anything more revolutionary than
braying. But for tho News-Advertiser
to take such a stand is at least an evidence of progress, and we hope will be
followed out to its logical conclusion.
That conclusion must be that there can
never be peace and safety in human
society until the production and distri-
When Mr. Gompors and his delegation
from the A. F. of L. convention were
over to Washington the other day, exchanging piffle with President Wilson,
the latter worthy said: "What I have
tried to do is to get rid of any cluss
division in this country. *.*.-"* Th
worst thing that could happen to
America would be that she should be
divided into groups and enmps in which
there were men and womon who thought
thnt they were at odds nt ono another,
That ought to bo nn easy job, and if ho
tried hnrd enough, no doubt he would
win. To bo sure, there Is little room for
clnss divisions in a country where ovry-
body has an equal chnnce with every
one else to become a millionaire. Also
to become president, if we might be nllowed to mention it. It takes just about
as much common sense to become the
one as the other, provided tho signs of
the zodiac nro fnvorable. Tho brand of
piffle oxchaaged need not bo mentioned,
as thore is but ono kind and everybody
from the cattle country knows what
that is,   It is exceedingly cheap.
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
SAVE ALL BOTAL OBOWN COUPONS ANO WRAPPERS
THEY ARE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
TIBS INSURANCE ,
Wo would be glad to quote yoa rates
on your firo insurance. Wo aro making
a specialty ol this dopurtmont, ond will
guarantee you aB cheap rates os can be
had, also complcto satisfaction in all
your transactions.
JOHN A. BARBER
590 Richards St. Tel. Sey. 4434
LIST Or ONIONS AFFILIATED WITH
THS B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TKAOfcS ANU LAliUll COUNCIL— MEKTB
nrat und third Thursdaya. Executive
board; Jam?.. H. .McVety, president: K, W,
Mylos-. vice-president; Victor It. Midgley,
ituiitn-ul secretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, trtm-Minjr; W. H, Cotterill, itatJsti-
dun; Borgeaut-ftt-arms, John Hully; A, J.
Crawford, Jan. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
ALLIED PRINTING TBADES "COUNCIL^
Meots second Monday in the month.
President, J. McKinnon; leeretary, R, U.
Nuelunds, P. 0. Box 66,
DOWNFALL  OF TtTBKEY
UPRISE OF SPUD
It Beoras that the toothsome turkey,
the "piece de resistance" of the
Thanksgiving banquet, has beea thrust
into tho background and the place of
honor has beou seized by the humble
aud erstwhile modest potato. With
spuds in England at $7 per sack, and
every indication of their eventually
reaching that price on this side of the
water, it looks as though the meek and
lowly were about to inherit the earth.
New York, Nov. 27.—A harvest of
potatoes, gathered at the Church of the
Stranger, will be distributed among the
poor on Wednesday as a Thanksgiving
offering. At the request of tho pastor,
worshippers who attended the church
services yesterday were requested to
drop at least one potato in barrels placed near the door. The collection was
largo enough to pack fifty or sixty baskets.—Daily press t olographic.
The recipient of charity may henceforth enjoy the privilege of carving n
potato upon oach recurring Thanksgiving Day, instead of wrestling with a
tough and ancient fowl. It is easier to
digost, nnd that will help some. Less
trouble to cook them, too.   What is tho
,..".« , .        ,  i, ,        matter with a potato "tng day!"   For
button of all necessary things shall have | overy dime, surrendered let one good re.
been taken under the hand and control
of the organized forces of society and
operated for the common good of nil,
instead of for the proflt and aggrandizement of the few, ns nt present. And we
fail to see any 'other way out of thc
difficulty.    Do you?
spectable spud be given to the deserving
poor. Push the good work nlong. If
the price of potatoes goes too high,
make it a half spud, in each ense.
I
N THE United Statefl there la mined
more coal than in any other country
on earth.    Vast coal deposits  are
found all ovor tho eastern hnlf of the
great republic, and many prolific fields
are   located   in   the
TROUBLE west.     Liko   every-
AHEAD FOR thing else, the price
OOAL BARONS, of coal is at prosent
very high, and continually going higher. To countless
thousnnds, almost within sight of the
vory mines from which millions of tons
are brought forth, the prico of coal is
well-nigh prohibitive, and tbe outlook
for the winter is far from assuring.
Torre Haute, Ind., is located right in the
midst of the conl fields of the Hoosier
stato. Tho prico of coal has reached
such impossible figures that tho city,
acting through tho mayor, has loused a
ioal mi no aad is operating it for the'
purposo of supplying tho needs of the
citizens, in the line of fuel. By tho use
of horses to*haul the coal to town, tho
city has beon ablo to deliver tho coal to
its citizens for $2.75 per ton, as against
jfifl previously charged by the dealers,
From this may bo obtained a glimpse of
the possibilities of loot thnt lie snugly
ensconced beneath the eminently respectable mantle of the business of exploiting slaves and converting the plundor
into coin of tho realm or good solid
bank accounts. This venture of the city
of Terre Hauto into tho realms of business, and its resultant economy to fho
users of fuel, might bo tnkca as a most
valuable tip to bo followed by otherfl.
If that principle was applied to nil in-
duBtrios, and was followed out to its
logical conclusion, slnvery would bo
brought to an ond, and Its resultant
evils of povorty, misery and war bo sent
nlong with it into oblivion.
*       *       *
Western Canada also has its troubles
ovor coal, nnd it haB those troubles with
over-increasing frequency. No soonor is
ono row onded than nnother breaks out.
No sooner is ono dispute sottled nnd tho
sores healed, than nnother arises anfl
tho old sores nro again torn opon nnd
bleed afesh.  It Ib not bo long since that
Frof. Clow of Wisconsin, in a recent
addresa before some Churchmen's club,
snid he "believed the warring nations
would make laws,whereby husbandless
women might bear children nnd thereby
rear a now generation to tako the place
of those slain." And we never knew
thnt a Inw wns necessnry for that purpose.
Sincerity is the most compendious
wisdom nnd nn excellent instrument for
the speedy dispatch of business; it creates confidence in those we hnve to deal
with, saves the labor of many enquiries,
and brings things to an issue in a few
words; it is like traveling in a plain
beaten road which commonly brings
a man sooner to his journey's end tliun
byways.—Addison.
With wages and working conditions
for mechanics better in the enBt than
throughout the wost of Canada, it seems
like wasting money for British Columbia employers to be advertising in the
eastorn daily press for men. MoBt of
tho work in British Columbia is being
done by Orientnls, and the remaining
ones nro working, for the most part, at
Oriental wages. Under the circum-
stnnces it is easy to understand why
there is no immediate rush for "tho
Gateway of the Pacific."
nge,
mi).
304;
Ask for Labor  Templo   'Phono Exchange,
Seymour   7496   (unleu   otherwise   a
Cooki,    Walten,     Waitresses—Boom
Andy Graham.
Eleotrleal Workera (outside)—E. H. Horrl-
aon, Boom 207.    Sey. 35It).
Deep Be* Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Oore avenue. Offloe phene, Seymonr 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey. 6850.
Musicians—H, J. Brasfleld, Boom 805.
Sailors—W. 8. Burns, 218 Hastings street
west.    Sey.   8708.
Street Bailway Employeea—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 6000.
Typographical—B. H. Neelands. Boom 206.
Governor Ferguson of Texas is evidently a mnn of good, sound sense as
well as being aa astute politician. He
declares he does not want the price of
foodstuffs reduced. If such prices are
reduced it would be at the expense of
tho farmer, and ho "is not willing the
farmor Bhould lose any of his well-
earned prosperity." Thero is good
sound logic in that. It will tend to hold
tho farmers' vote in the Ferguson column. Besides this the governor has a
quarter of a million dollars worth of
Toxns farms himself. Ho is therefore
competent to judge ns to whnt is good
for the farmer.
The British socialist, McLean, was
sentenced to three years in the penitentiary, by tho Edinburgh superior court.
Ho wns charged with "mnking speeches
interfering with recruiting, and opt to
cause a rebellion." When lead out of
court, tho people in the gallery ehoored
McLean three times, and the crowd sang
the "Red Flag." Tho judge ordered
them to stop and threatened to havo the
gallery clonrcd, but the police were powerless to cope with the crowd. Tho
song was continued to tho end. Four
of tbo singers were arrested and fined
for insulting the court. From this distance we do not see how they could havo
dono no, no matter how good thoir intentions.
It is said that these are tho
days of tho most rapid accumulation of
capital that tho world ovor saw. While
it may bo truo that tho big masters of
industry and commerce nro gathering in
the simoleons with accelerated speed
during these glorious days of war and
civilization, tho common wngo gontlo-
man should by no means bo overlooked,
That he, too, is making hay while the
sun of prosperity shines, may be gleaned
from tho following news item, culled
from an eastern exchango: "An order
for 200 mon for railroad work was filled
by tho public employment office Monday.   Tho mon wero for the Erio road.
/
BUSINESS AGENT DIRECTORY
TBADES UNION DIBEOTOBY
Allied Printing Tradea CouncU—B. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Barbers—S. 11. Grant, 1801 7th avenue weit.
Itartenders—H. Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cattail, 2206 Fifteenth Ave.
west.
Bookbindera—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty-
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
Brewery Workers—Frank Graham, 2256 lijth
avneue west.
Bricklayers—William 8. Dagnall, Labor Templo.
Brothorhood of Carpentera District Council
—F. L. Barratt, Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T,
Bolloway, 1157 Harwooa Btreet. Seymour
1348B
Brothorhood of Locomotlvo Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1285 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Bailway Carmen—M. D.
Jordan, 1060 Granville atreet.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Em-
ployeoB—E. Corado, 286 Clark drive,
Ciicnriiiakers—W. H. McQueen, care Kuril
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Andjf Graham,
Boom 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen*! Union—Russell Kear
ley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workors (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Boom 207, Labor Tomple. ,
Engineers—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander, Labor Templo.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, < Columbia
Hotol,
Garment Workeri—Mn. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Bobt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue west.
Laborers—George Harrison, Boom 220, Labor Templo.
Longshoremen—Thomai Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Boom 211, Labor
Temple.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 813 Eighteenth
avenue weat.
Musicians—H, J. Brasfleld, Boom 805, Labor
Temple.
Moving Picture Operaton—H. 0, Boddan, P.
0. Box 846.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty street.
Painters—Geo, Weston, Boom 808, Labor
Temple,
Plumbers — Room 206 %, Labor temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo. Bush, 2276 Fourteefa Ave.
west.    Bayvlew 215L,
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoro'
land, 1512 Yew atroet.
Quarry WorkerB—James Hepburn, ear* Co>
liimhla Hotel.
Scamen'B Union—W, S, Burni, P. 0. Box
1865.
Structural Iron Worken—Room 208, Labor
Tomple.
Stont-nitten—James   Raybnrn,   P.   0.    Box
Sheet Metal Worken—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender atreet east.
Street Railway Employee!—A. V, Lofting,
2561 Trinity street.
Stereotyppn—W. Bayley, care Provinco.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppin, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R, Mldgley. Room 210. Lahor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Tflllors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo. W. Al In,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpen—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenne salt.
Blacksmiths—Bevelstoke—Jas. M. Goble, Y.
M. C. A. Box, Bevelstoke, B. 0.
Brewery Workers—Vancouvor—M. C. Austin, 782 7th avenuo east, Vancouver, B. C.
Barbors—Victoria—0. W. Wood, 1807 Government street, Vlotoria, B, C.
Boilor Makers—Vancouver—A. Fraser, 1151
Howe street, Vancouver/ B. C.
Boiler Makers—Victoria, A. Stewart, P. 0.
Box 48. Beaumont, P. 0., B, C.
Bookbinders—Victoria — E. Sturgeon, 141
Eberts streot, Victoria, B. C.
Bookbinders—Vancouver—W. H. Cowderay,
1885 84th avenue oast, Vancouver, B. C.
Brewery  : Workors—-Now   T, estininstor—Jas.
A. Munday, 834 Columbia Btreet east, New
Westminster, B. 0.
Boiler Makers—Rovelstoke—A. MoMahon, P.
0. Box 188, Bevelstoke, B. C.
U.   B.   Carpentors—Victoria—W.   Galloway,
Labor Hall, Victoria, B. C.
A.   S.   U.  B.   Carpenters—Victoria—J.  Ley,
P. 0. Box 770, Victoria, B, C.
U. B. Carpenters—Prince Rupert—F. Salter,
P. 0. Box 694, Prince Bupert, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—Bobt. Jardine, P.
0. Box 1006, Nelson, B. C.
U. B. Carpenters—NeUon—G. Fraser, P. 0.
Box 254, Nelson, B. 0.
U.  B.  Carpentors—Trail—F.  Camaell,  Trail,
B. C.
Cigar Makers—Vancouvor—T. H. McQueen,
72 Wliter streot, Vancouver, B. C.
Cigar Milkers—Victoria—Gub Roaby, 1255
Pandora streot, Victoria.
Electrical Workers—Vancouver—E. H. Morrison, Labor Templo, Vanoouver, B. C.
Eloctrical Workors—Prince Rupert—8. Mas-
soy, P. 0. Box 044, Prince Rupert, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Victoria—VV. Beid, 536
Cecilia road, Victoria, B. 0.
Garment Workers—Vancouver—Mrs. Helen
Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Horseshoers — Vancouver — ThoB McHugh,
2045 Pino street, Vancouver, B. C.
Horseshoers—Victoria—R. S. Williams, 622
Pandora street, Victoria, B. 0.
Lotter Carriers—Victoria—C. Slverti, 1278
Denman street, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Victoria—Frank Varney, P.
0. Box 1315, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos. Nixon, 10
Powell stroBt, Vancouver, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Prince Bupert—F. Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 531, Prince Rupert, B, C.
Moving    Picture    Operators—Vancouver—H,
C. Roddan, 2547 McKenzie street, Vancouver, B. C.
Machinists—Vancouver—J. H. MoVety, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B, 0.
Machinists—Revelstoke—D. Bell, P. 0. Box
234, Revelstoke, B. C.
Machinists—Cranbrook—W, Henderson, P. 0.
Box 827.
Machinists—Victoria—R.   H.   Scholes,   2720
Fifth Btreet.
Moulders—Victoria—F. A. Rudd, P. 0. Box
81, Beaumont P. 0., B. C.
Moulders—Vancouver1—W.    H.    Cooke,    551
Sixth avenuo east, Vancouver, B, C.
Painters—Victoria—J. Beckett, Labor   Hall,
Victoria.
Paper   Makers—Powell   Biver—J.   E.   Mc
Grath, Powell Rivor, B. C.
Pattern  Makers—Victoria—Geo.  T.   Murray,
1048 Sutley street, Victoria, B. C.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouver—E.   Westmoreland, 1512 Yow street, Vancouvor  B. C.
Plumbers—Vancouvor—H. Mundell, P. 0. Box
1131, Vancouver,  B. C.
Plumbers—Victoria—J.  Fox,  Labor Templo,
Victoria. B. 0.
Bro,    Railway    Carmen—Revelstoke—Harry
Parsons, Revelstoke, B. C.
Bro.  Bailway  Carmen—Nelson—C.  H.  Phillips, P. 0. Box 906, Nelson, B. C.
Bro.     Railway     Carmen — Vancouver — H.
Brooks, 1360 Graveley street, Vancouver,
Bro.  Railway Carmen—Cranbrook—J.  Whit-
taker, P. 0. Box 607, Cranbrook, B. C.
Bro.   Railway   Carmon—North   Bend—John
McDonald, North Bend, B. C.
Sheet   SJetal   Worken—Victoria—G.   Kreh-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenue, Victoria, B.C.
Steam Engineers—Victoria—J. Aymer, P. 0.
Box 9% Vlotoria, B. 0.
Stage   Employees—Victoria—L.  D.  Foxgord,
1380 Grant street.
Streot  Railway   Employees—Victoria—B.   A,
C. Dowar,  1287 Johnson  street, Victoria,
B. C.
Street   Railway   Employees—New   Westminster—W. Yates, P. 0. Box 1021, Now Westminster, B. C.
Teamsters'   Onion—Fornie—E.  Paterson,   P.
0. Box 681, Fernle, B. C.
Trades Council—Vancouver—V, R. Mldgley,
Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Trades Council—Victoria—B. Simmons, P. 0.
Box 802, Victoria, B. C.
Trados     Council — New    Westminster — W.
Yates, P, 0. Box 1021, New Westminster,
B. C.
Tailors—Victoria—E.  C.  Christopher,  P.  0.
Box 887, Victoria, B. 0.
Tito  Layers—Victoria—T.  King,  P.  0. Box
1212, Vlotoria, B. 0.
Typographical Union—Prince Rupert—A. 0.
Franks.  P.  0.  Box   1021.  Prince  Rupert,
B. 0
Typographical Union—Vernon—W. J. Docke-
ray, P. 0. Box 6-11, Vernon, B. 0.
Trade*    Council — Prince    Rupert — W.    E.
Thompson, P. 0. Box 158, Princo Rupert,
B. 0.
Brothorhood   of   Railway   Trainmen—D.   A.
Munro, 880 Ninth avenuo east, Vancouver,
B. 0.
United Mine Workers—Thos. Fawkes, P. 0.
It,ix 389, Cumberland, B. C.
United Mine Workers—H. Board, Michel, B.
0.
United Mlno Workers—Thos, Uphill, Fernle,
B. 0.
United   Mine Workers—A.  McLellan, Nanalmo,  B. C, Jingle Pot Mine.
United   Mlno   Workers—J.    H.   Armstrong,
Ladysmlth, B. 0.
United  Mine Workers—A. Dean, P. 0. Box
7flA, Nannlmo. B. 0.
United    Mine    Workers — Jamoi    Bateman,
South Wclltmiton, B. C.
United Mine Workers—Brunno Kaarro, Sointula, B. 0.
Western Federation of Minors—
W. B. Mclsnac, P. 0. Box 508, Ymlr, B. 0.
W. A. Mowlds, P. 0. Box 27, Stewart, B.O.
P. J. fiolman, P. 0. Box 26, Trail, B. 0.
Harry McGregor, VanAnda, B. 0.
J. Dnnoghno, Box K, Sandon, B. 0.
F. Liibocher. Silverton, B. C.
W. Smith, P. 0. Box 294, Phoenix, B. C.
G. C. Marshall, P. 0. Box 421, Rossland,
B. C.
Jas. Roberts, Moyle, B. C.
J. Taylor, Klmberley, B. C.
T. R. Wllley, P. 0. Box 876, Hedley, B. 0.
Frank   Phillips,   P.   0.   Box   106.   Nelson,
B. C.
W. Lakewood, P. 0. Box 124, Greenwood,
B. 0.
BARTENDERS'    LOCAL   _,_.
Rooiu^ ISU8  Labor Temple.    Meeta  flrat
No.   676.—Oflet
-   _—tple.    Meet    "
Sunday   of   eaoh  month.     President,   Jamea
Campbell; flnanclal seoretary, H, Davis, Boi
424; phone, Bey. 4752; recording secretary,'.
Win. Mottlshaw, Globe Hotel, Main Btreet,
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION*
al Union ot America, Local No, 120—
Meots 2nd and 4th Tuns days in the month,
Room 205 Labor Temple. President, L. _.
Herrltt; socretary, S, H. Grant, 604 Georgia
streot.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1—
Meets ovory lut and Srd Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 807. President, F. Dickie; oor*
responding secretary, W. S, Dagnall, Boi 68;
financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; bueineu
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 215.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third
Monday of each month, Room 302, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, R. N. Myles; secretary. Frank Graham, 2256 Twelfth avenna
weat;
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpen of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. Preaident,
A, Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenuo weit:
secretary, A. grater, 1161 Howe atreet.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THS
Pacific—Meots at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday,  7  p.m.    Russell  Kearley,  buslneas
agent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 211
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Tempi*,
nvary Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording aeon*
tary, R. N. Elgar, Labur Templo; flnanolal
secretary and business agent, E, H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association,  Local  88-62—Offlce and  hall,
10 Powell street.    Meets every Thuraday 0
&m.    Goo. Thomas, business agent; Thomaa
iion, secretary.
machinists) "noTIm—jiSets SECOND
and fourth Thursdays at 8 pr. President, Wm, Small; recording seoretary, J.
Brooks: flnanclal secretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7495.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
tors' Union, Local 348, I, A, T. 6. E. A
M. P. M. 0.—Meets firat Sunday of each
month, Room 204, Labor Temple, Preildent,1
J. 0. Lachance; business agent, W, E. McCartney; flnanclal and corresponding lecra-
tary, H. 0. Roddan, P. 0. Box 845.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH)
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondaya,
Room 205, Labor Templo. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue west; flnancla) lecretary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
street; rocordlng secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street.   Phono Bayvlew 2698L.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meeta Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdaya at 8 p.m. President, W. H. C*ttMI;
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting, 2651 Trinity atreet; financial secretary and busineu agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OP
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
flrst Tuesday In eaoh month, 8 p.m. Presl- ■
dent, Francis Williams; vice-president. Mill
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, 0. MoDonald, Box 503; flnanclal secrotary. H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 503.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—Meeta
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President, H. C. Benson; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; iecretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
U. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU
in Annual convention in January. Exeo*
utlve oHcors, U16-17: Pmldent, Ju. H. Mo-,
Vet,; vice-presidents — Vnncouver, John
Brooke, E. Morriion: Vletorl,. 0. Slverti;
New Westminster, W. Yale,; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompson, P. 0. Box let; Ko..l»nd,
U. A. Stewart; District 28, U, M. W. of A.
(Vanoouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
I). II. W. ol A. (Orow't Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-lreaiu-er, A. S. Wella. P.
0. Box 1538, Victoria, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUN-
, . OH*—Meell Int and third Wednesday,
Labor ball, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p.m. President, 0. Taylor; secretary, B.
Simmons. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
NEW WEBTMIH8TEB, B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAOUE
of America,  local  784,  New  Westmlnatsr.
Meeta seeond Sundav of eaoh month at 1 '80
p*m.   Seeretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 426.
PRINCE BPPBBT. B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Counoll—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hall. Pre-
sident, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, J J
Anderson. Box 273. Prince. Rupert. B. 0.
BOOTH WELUNOTOK. V. I,
FEDERAL LEOISLATIVE BOOT
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF.CAN*
ADA—Meets In convention September of
each year. Executive board: Jas. 0. Watters.
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. C.; James Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R, A. Rlftlt. M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; secre.
tary-trensuror, P. M. Draper, Drawer 515, Ottawa, Ont.
Of America eGlx?
C0PT8HHT aTHADE ___ MtHTIMD HM
Vote against  prohibition!    	
eona] nbertj* In ehoosinp what yon will drink.
Demand p<
   In, what yon will drk_.
Aek for tbis Label when pnrohasin, Bser,
Ale or Porter, aa a
■on Made.
guarantee that it is Un*
Thla la oar Label
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, £ M. W. OF A.-
Meots second and fourth Sunday of each
1"",."ll.,a.' 3B0 P-"'-* Bichards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. Iven;
rocordlng secretary, Jas. Bateman; nnanclal
secretary, S. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
ORGANIZED LABOB ggMJjjSjgT"
0. FEDERATIONIST,
--.-   ,-,-; ,-• v LIMITED—Meeta
at call of preaident. Labor Temple, Von.
couver, B. 0. Directors; Jamea Campbell,
president; J. H. MeVety, secretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman and A. S. Wells. R. Parm.
Pettlplece, managing director, Room 217,
Lahor Temple.   Telephone Seymonr 7428.
sraopsis or ooal mining beohia-
TIONS.
„ Coal mining rights of lha Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Tn.
kon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Province of Britlah Columbia, may be leassd for a term of twenly-ona
yean at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,580 acres will bs leassd to one
applicant. I
Applications for lease must bs made by the
applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the dlstriot In which lha rlghta applied \
for are altnated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by aeotlona, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in nnsnrveyed territory the
trad applied for shall bs staked by the ap* I
Each application mnat be accompanied by l
a fee of 85, which will be refunded If thi
rights applied for are no, available, but not
otherwise. A royalty aball be paid on tho
merchantable output of the nine at tho rato
of Are eents per ton, 1
, Tbe person operating tho mine shall fur.
nlsh tho Agent with eworn returns accounting for the  full quantity of merchantable 1
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon.   If I
the coal mining rights are not being operated  I
snch returns ahould bs furnished at least once
• year. 1
...I." '•"•. »'» l*!»'*"-e lbe coal mining]
rlghU only, but lbe losses may be permitted I
to purchase whatever available surface rlghta !
may be considered necessary for the working i
ol the mine at the ratt of 810 an aere. 1
For full Information application ahonld 0.0
mad; to the Secretary of the Department of 1
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub- I
Agent of Dominion Lands. '
W. H. CORY.
. .    5,,ratt MlnlltM*. «f the Interior,     I
R. B.—Unauthorised publication of this ad
vertlrwnent win net be paid for—80190 PEIDAT. December 1, 1916
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
The Department
Managers' Sale
Ends Saturday
Do your shopping now,
and reap the-benefit of
the money-saving prices.
hpBudsonsBaaCompani)
iioa_____a  _n     mattm t svamsas. imii cbmmihhww	
Granville and Georgia Streets
CANADA'S BEST
"The Beer Without a Peer"
A CANADIAN PRODUCT BREWED FROM CANADIAN
BARLEY AND HOPS
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthful, nourishing
beverage.
Pint,        FOR SALE EVERYWHERE       QUarts
$1.00 per       BREWED AND BOTTLED       $2.00 per
dozen
AT THE BREWERY
dozen
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
—LET THE—
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supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used. The
milk comes from the Fraser Biver Valley.
PHONE YOUB ORDERS TO
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THE HILLCREST DAIRY
131 .FIFTEENTH AVENUE WEST
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally, furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Sale at all Liquor Storei ln
VANOOUVER AND VIOTOBIA
Just off the Press
□
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
[BY E. T. KINGSLEY]
□
In response to a widespread demand, The Federationist has
reproduced the article which appeared in its Labor Day issue,
under the above caption.
This little booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding the economic basis of capitalist society, and the
position occupied by the working class within it.
It clears up much that has long confused, not only the
workers themselves, but many others who have given thought
to the vexations and anomalies of modern civilization.
It is invaluable to every student of sooial phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working class,
In lots of less than 100 copies, per copy, 10 cents postpaid.
In lots of 100 or more, at 5 eents per copy.
The B.C. Federationist
Ubor Temple, VANOOUVER, B. 0.
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, for distribution.
among members, either for sale or otherwise.
OF
AT
Augean Stables at Victoria
Cleansed; Purified and
Sanctified
Oxen and Filth Swept Into
Oblivion By Political
Purity Flood
THAT BAD MAN Bowser, who for
tbe punt twelve months or so haB officiated ub premier of tbis province, has
at lust been Bhorn of power, anil overy
lover of political purity and worBhipper
ut the Bhrine of good government, iB
now entitled to beuve a sigh of relief at
the fortunate delivery of the provinco
from the horrors of the past. Although
Bowser wub in power for less than a
year, he succeeded in accumulating to
his credit tbo responsibility for more
political und kindred infamies tban ever
fell to the fortune of any political adventurer before, in so short a time At
least this is according to the published
record of his turpitude und other proclivities, as vouched for by those well
known advocates and promoters of politicul purity und good government, the
Liberals, As the mighty Hercules
denied the Augeun stables in which
3000 oxen had been stabled for thirty
years, by merely turning a cotfple of
good-sized rivers through the stables,
even so have the government stubles at
Victoria been cleansed by the purifying
flood tide of the Hercules of Liberalism.
In the former case, the filth alone wub
wnshed away, the oxen remained. In
the lntter the filth makers huve been
drowned out, while it remains for time
to tell whether the filth hus been likewise disposed of. The now, and let ub
hope, good government battalion of luw
munufacturers und purveyors, has onl
eially announced as follows:
Premier and President of the Council
—H. C. Brewster.
Attorney-General—M. A. Mucdonuld.
Minister of Lands—T. D. Pntullo.
Minister of Mines—W, Sloan.
Minister of Finance—Ralph Smith;
Minister of Public Works—Dr. J. H.
King.
Minister of Agriculture und Railways
—John Oliver.
Provincinl Secretnry und Minister of
Education—Dr. J. D. McLean.
The Future Looks Bright.
With this splendid array of tnlent nt
his disposal, the new premier Bhould find
little difficulty in ushering in nn era of
political righteousness und seemly conduct upon the pnrt of public servunta,
that should prove a striking contrast to
the "reckless, arbitrary nnd corrupt"
regime of recent yours. Of course, there
will bc much to do before the wrongs
perpetrated by the wicked agents of the
past can be righted and turned into veritable blessings for a sanctified and
purified future. But, judging from what
little we already know of tho talent
selected for the job, we feel sure it will
bo done and done well. For instance,
everybody feels sure that there hns
been no small amount of crooked work
done in this province in connection with
elections, during the pnBt. It is easily
within the memory of most of us thnt
the wicked Conservative party has been
frequently accused of illegal practices,
in order to elect its candidates. And
there has been u great doal more than
mere suspjeion to justify the nccusation,
in many cases. Of course, we nil know
that nothing better could be oxpectcd of
that political bunch, anyway. Now that
it has lost out and the reins of power
have fallen into the hands of decent
political gentlemen, the time is ripe to
fix things up bo as to make it impossible
for the wicked, dishonest and corrupt to
again indulge in their pet proclivities,
even should ill-fortune nnd the wiles of
the devil again prevail over the forces
of political righteousness nt some future
election time.
Might Olve Attorney-general a Hint.
It would be woll if the new premier
would give his nttorney-gonornl n suggestive hint nbnut getting busy nnd do-
vising ways nnd means to forestnl any
illegal and corrupt clecrron practices In
tho future, that might suggest themselves to such vennl nnd unscrupulous
persons as might bo In n position to
wrongly use them fnr the purpose of personal gain, or for thnt of furthering the
ambitions nf designing politicians, nnd
perhaps office-seekers. The new attor-
nov-genernl, being a legal expert of considerable experience, and doubtless hnv*
ng gained something of nn insight into
the methods of political chicanery and
deceit, through close observation and
study of the McBride and Bowser practices nf rrcpnt yenrs, should be eminent-
Iv qualified to denl intelligently with
the matter. Tn fact, who in tho province should be better equipped for the
tnskf And echo nnswers, who?
Other Suggestions Might Be Made.
Many other suggestions might bo
made, but it is perhaps not necessary
that The Federationist should make
them. They will doubtless be discovered
by Mr. Brewster nnd his ministers. We
believo Mr. Brewster iB not unconnected
with the salmon canning industry of
British Columbia. Such being tho caso
he will, no doubt, get busy at once in
uncovering and dealing with tho monstrous iniquities that have boen perpe-
truted upon the people of thia coast,
more especially the fishermen, through
the manipulation and monopolization of
the fishery resources, by tho cannery and
allied interests. It may occur to Mr.
Brewster that these Iniquities havo been
made possible only by menns of collusion between the piruticnl interosts
mentioned and governmental agencies
that wero not alwaya of the Conservative faith, however atrange it mny appear to be. Tho new minister of mines,
Mr. Slnnn, might be prompted to make
inquiry into the real facts of the daily
life experiences of the miners nt Bomo
of the mining slave pens of tho province ,ns for instance at Britannia Bench.
If ro he should bo warned to approach
those sacred precincts with due caution
nnd becoming reverence, for otherwise
ho is npt to receivo the invitation that
is said to have been ncocrded tho recruiting officer that approached a certain British Columbia slave plnntntion
for the purposo of obtuining recruits for
PAGE THREE
GERALD GRATTAN McGEER, M.P.
P., was born ut Winnipeg, January (J, 1888, twouty-nine years of
age next month, aud arrived at
tho coast with his parents before he
could walk. He is a sou of the late
James McGeer, pioneer settler of Vancouver. Here young McGeer attended
the public schools till he reached the
high school, when owing to u disagreement with teachers he left school (but
not his studies) und went into u
foundry to lenrn the trude of u moulder.
McGeer wus a delegate from the Moulders' union to the local TradeB and Labor
council, which latter body he represent'
ed at the Quebec convention of the
Tradea and Labor Congregs of Canada,
in 1909, Later he sojourned to the Old
Country, visiting Ireland. He stuyed at
tho home of his late father in the
county of Wicklow, near the border line
of Kildaro. Returning to Vancouver he
entered the law firm of Harris, Bull,
Hunniugton & Mason, in 1911, ue
clerk, und wus duly called to the bar of
British Columbia. As a law Btudent he
became president of the Vancouver Luw
Students' society, and was even at thut
time regarded us a most capable und
accomplished debater. "Jerry," as he
iB familiarly called by Mb friends—and
they are legion—is a self-educated
young man, untiring in his zeal and indefatigable in his work. Since the death
of his father, ho haa resided nt home
with his widowed mother. Two brothers
are at the front. Mr. McGeer is a progressive Liberal, with a bright future as
a public man, nnd the electors of Richmond will not be disappointed in hiB
being returned aa their representative
in the local assembly. G. B.
Hia Majesty'a forces. Ho was curtly
and promptly told to depnrt hence,
forthwith and nt once. He "beat it"
with commendable despatch. Otherwise
he would undoubtedly have been thrown
off the wharf. The minister of milies
had better be careful where he goes,
and for what purpose.
From Parm's
Potato Patch
THE Hyack Cnyon
Vindicator young man
is responsible for thia
report: Down nt thc
Dow Drop tavern the
other night, a lot of &
old codgers were on
the bust. They 'd
been busy all day job-,
bing one another" onf
horse deals. And na
usual old Hank Allen
came out on top—
having cleaned up a couple of hundred
dollara. Hank has been notorious as n
horse trader for years, which everyone
knows, aud why any one should go up
against his game remaiiiB a puzzle. Old
Cy Perkins, Jasper Jenkins and Bill
James put 'up a job on Hank. They
started in on a drinking bout, till finally Hank became stone drunk. Then
they carried him off flown tho canyon,
and lnid him out to slee'p off his jag. In
the meantime they went to tho swamp
and got some "drum-sticks," soaked
them in oil, for torches. On tho wny
back they went to Hank's barn and got
a few bunches of straw and scattered
brimstone over them, which they put in
piles pretty close to snoring Hank.
When he began to como to, thoy lit the
straw, and likewise the torches. Hank
gradually woke up, When he did ao lie
evidently thought he hnd died. He ant
up and looked somewhat amazed at the
fires nil round him and snuffed ihe brimstone. He exclaimed: "Iu hell—just ns
I expected it would be."
LETTERS TO
THETED
EMPLOYEES GET
THEJOOK
Judge Hook Hooks it Into
Them By Knocking Out
Eight-hour Law
How Labor Is Bamboozled
By Misleaders and
Reactionaries
-&£--
London, Ont., Cigarmakers Busy.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: On Oot,
10, Cigarmakers' local union, No. 278,
of London, Oat., aunt out circulurs to
all local unions, trades assemblies, otc,
in Canada, explaining our recent trouble
with tho firm of Vullens & Co., and at
the same time asked for assistance in
our struggle, and wo are pleased to .state
that we have been assured nf the support of organized labor from coast to
coast, and we desire to thank your union
officials and your members generally for
their efforts on our behalf, and to urge
for a continuance of the same, as we
propose to keep this agitation up until
wo win this victory which moons so
much to the cigarmakers and in fact
every trade union iu Cunndn. If your
locals havo not taken action on this
strike in our behalf, wo urge you to get
into thc game as quickly ns possible and
have your committeo visit tho dealers in
cigars and let them know thnt there is
trouble between Vullens & Co. and organized labor, und that tho products of
this firm do not boar tho Blue Label of
tho Cigarmakers' union, and that you,
as union members, cannot and will not
accept it, for just as good a smoke con
be obtained for tho same money that
docs bear the Blue Label.
Special Blue Label Committee.
London, Ont., Nov. 2(1,
AN EPITAPH
(On a tombstone nt Gunwitllow—near Urn-
Ktomi—in Cornwall.) It may bo read four
different ways.
Shall wo alt die!
We shall die all.
All die Bhall wot
Die all we shall.
[By John L. Martin]
BERKELEY, Cal., Nov. 26.—From
present indications, those who were
doped into thinking that the democratic
administration had given the 8-hour day
to the Amorican railroad employees, are
likely to get tho "hook." At all ovents
a judge by thut name, haB handed it to
them—the hook. By a recent decision
the United Statoa district court,
Judge W, C. Hook haB declared the
AdamBon 8-hour day law unconstitutional, and directed the receivers of the
Misaouri, Oklahoma & Gulf railroad,
who brought the suit to enjoin the law
from going into effect. The matter will
now go to the supreme court, which
meets on Dec. 4. By the time it passes
through "the old curioBity shop," those
who wero bo absolutely certain about
the 8-hour duy being an accomplished
fact are likely to have their enthusiasm
completely frozen.
It was a happy thought on the part of
the democratic administration that the
8-hour day bill whieh wes to pacify the
railroad workers, was not to become law
until after the election. It was a testimony to the "good politics" of that
party. The politicians who framed the
bill and voted in favor of it, knew full
well thut a bill embodying a modern
idea such as an 8-hour day, would not
be acceptable to the ancient-minded fossils on the supreme court bench. They,
therefore, so fixed it that it would give
them that sunny smile of confidence, so
necessary for fooling the workerB previous to election. Hud there been nny
possibility of the supreme court being
in fuvor of the bill, some of the railroad
magnates, and prominent business men
back of the democratic party, would not
huve allowed the bill to pass congress.
They knew, or at all evonts, had an idea
thut the ship would not muke port
through the courts, but so long as the
people aaw tho ahip sail that satisfied
the political ambitions of that party.
Tho party had to do something to counteract the effect of the Chamberlain
army bill, whereby the president was
empowered to draft men into the army,
and which waa virtually conscription,
Thut bill, with other bills which hud received the opposition of the workers,
had to be covered up with something,
and the bill referred to has proven to be
a good mask. Of course, they were
fully cognizant of the fact that the
trade union movement of the country
was in safe hands. They were fully
aware that President Sumuel Gompers,
of the Amcricun Federation of Lnbor,
who while opposed to unions tulking
politics, has never failed to show hia
party bias when tho democratic party
needs his assistance. Notwithstanding
thut, however, something had to be done
to justify thomsolves in the eyes of the
workors. Samuel Gompers beforo the
recent campaign, said: "In this campaign Wopdrow Wilson stands for all
that is true to lubor, justice, patriotism,
freedom and humanity." President
WilBon, it is true, forced the 8-hour bill
on congresB, but would ulso huve forced
a bill similur to tbe Canadian "Lemon"
act, were it not for tho opposition of
Sumuel Gompers und others. Now thut
the election is over, und tho enforcement of the 8-hour duy hangs in the balance, and the possibility of a strike of
railroad workers if it is not enforced,
President Wilson, the alleged "friend
of lubor," now urges the passage of a
bill to prevent strikes. Thus labor finds
itself in a nice old predicament, thanks
to its leaders, moro correctly called
mis-leaders.'' If the Canadian
Lemon" act finds nn opening on the
statute books nt Washington) und if the
supreme court finds the 8-hour dny not
In accordance with ita ancient traditions, and declares it unconstitutional,
the railroad workers will find thorn-
scIvcb confronted by a tough proposition. They will find then, that not only
will the 8-hour day bo outlawed on
American railroads, but nlso their chief
weapon of industrial protest. Tho alarm
clock will then sound for newer courses
of action, To atrike, in tho face of auch
handicaps, would be out of the question
unless such Btrike would be iu the nu
ture of a nation-wide industrial protest
which ia impossible at this time, owing
lo the sudly neglected education and organization of tho workers. Whnt the
newer courses of uction will be is a mat
tor for lime to toll.
One thing is sufficiently ecident. The
old policy of industrially organizing the
workera ou one hand, and rmliticully'dja-
organizing thom on the other, will havo
to bo discarded. Thore ia a lot of "unfinished business" to be attended to in
the Labor movement. One item is the
cleaning up of the' forces making for
reaction, which ia necessary before any
progrosaive movement can be made, The
necessity for this will be forced homo to
the workors before very long. That it
will ho a painful tusk is perfectly true,
But such will have to bo dono. Tho
"disrupters" of modern trade unionism
are not the ndvocutes of more progressive policies, but those who stand pat
on thc old ideas. Tho main "disrupter"
of tho Labor movement is the tendency
to kill progressive uction and intelligent
organization. Unless this "disrupter"
is speedily removed, tho trade union
movement will continue to have "unfinished business' 'to attend to.
"TWIN  BEDS" COMING
'Twin Beds," Salisbury Field and
Margaret Mayo'a laugh festival, is
scheduled at the Vancouver opera houso
Dec 4 and 5. This funniest of all plays
kept New Yorkers in a delirium of
laughter for one solid season, and has
already reached its second year in London, "Twin Beds" comes under the
direction uf A. S. Htorn « company, and
every one who sees it will sleep well
afterwards and rise in good humor in
the morning. Clean, wholesome laughter is very healthful; it makes tho blood
circulate, and it houseclenns the mind of
peevishness, discontent and boredom.
"Twin Beds" will make your sides
ache with laughter from curtain rise
to drop. It is cleverly written and well
staged. Manager RoBtein appreciates
tho liberal patronage of members of organized labor and their friends.
DAVID SPENDER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCEB, MD.
Make a Pretty Garden Now
Plant These Wonderful Bulbs
for Spring Blooming
DAFFODILS—HYACINTHS—TULIPS
All New Stock Direct from Holland
DAFFODILS; beBt trumpet varieties—
Dozen 30c and 35c
-    100 for. 11.75 nnd 18.00
NARCISSUS   (or  bedding   purposes—
Dozen 20c and 26c
100 (or 11.00 and 11.25
HYACINTHS* enrly flowering-
Dozen  30c
Bedding; separate colors; per
dozen   50c
Selected top roots for house culture; each 16c
Dozon for $1,00
TULIPS, single, early flowering*—
Dozen — 10c to 36c
100 for 11.00 to 12.00
TULIPS, double, early-
Dozen  26c to SSe
Parrot, mixed, dozen .20c
Darwin, May flowering; price,
per dozen 30c to 400
SNOWDROPS, single-
Dozen  20c
100 for 11.00
CROCUS, (our colors-
Dozen 16c
100 (or _ fl.00
—Cordova St., Main Floor
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENOEE, LTD.
I
DAVID SPENOEE, LTD.
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 90S Twenty-fourth Avenue Eait.  Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it Or watch
for our drivers.
Teeth Investments Return Positive Health Dividends
FOR when a little time tnd > little less money is invested In • Set ol Teeth, •
Crown or Bridge Work, or even a Filling, the investment Is bound to produce
good, *tti*ady dividends In the shape of better health, improved appearance and
a certain satisfaction that has been called mouth-comfort. Dentistry, as practiced
by myself, has been brought to such a high pitch of perfection as to insure you a
high degree of satisfaction, tho highest possible. Attention to your teeth doea not
entail the loss of time from your profession, yonr business, your soeial pursuits
that it used to do. For good dentistry can be quickly performed. Moreover, I am
able to assure you that in my practice the bogy of pain bas been banished. Yon
will not, you cannot, criticise the regulsr schedule of prices for my dentistry. And
remember—
LEAVE TOUE TEABS BEHIND; I WILL NOT BOBT YOU
TELEPHONE SEYMOUB 3331
EXPEBT EXAMINATIONS FREE MAKE AH APPOINTMENT
__'.-...    Dr. Brett Anderson        o**
toesday and
Friday
Evenings
Sevan to
Eight
Crown anil Bridie Specialist
•02 HASTINGS STREET
Cor. Soymour
Saturday
te Oaa p.m.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
LIMITED
(McNeill, welch tt wilson, limited)
.   Cartage Agents—Furniture, Piano and Safe
Removers.
Baggage, Express and Motor Truck Service
80 Pender East Phones, Day and Night, Sey. 604-605
Make This An Electrical
Christmas
Special displays of electrical appliances
await your inspection at our salesrooms.
There's "something electrical" for every
member of the family. Here are three elec-
tircal gifts—all of vital interest and usefulness.
Electric Percolators
$4.50
Electric Grill Stoves
$8.50
Electric Irons
$3.50
Special Discount to Early Shoppers
Practical encouragement for our customers to
SHOP EARLY is given in a special "Shop Early"
discount from Dec. 1 to Dec. 19 inclusive,
On Dec. 1, $1.00 discount for cash on the purchase
price of each electrical appliance, except lamps and
the B. C, Electric Iron, will be allowed. On December 2, 95 cents discount and so on, decreasing 5 cents
each shopping day until Dec. 19.
The earlier you shop the greater the discount.
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
Phone Seymour
5000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..December 1, 1916
SAVE
This  coal is  mined  in
British Columbia.
Wo  do not employ
Orientals.
Coal  is   scarce  duo   to
labor conditions.
MONEY AND WORRY BY ORDERING
YOUR COAL
Facts Worth Knowing
Nut Coal
NOW
is our specialty—right
now we can givo immediate delivery. To delay
ordering, is suro disap-
pointmci.t.
Middlesboro Collieries
LIMITED
SALES DEPOT
1440
Granville Street
Phone Seymour 1003
PHONE
HERE
PHONE
THERE
BRANCH OFFICE:
2002
Granville Street
Phone Bayview 2827
FREE HOMESTEADS
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Bailway open parke Uke lands,   The finest mixed
farming lands in the provinoe.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing.   The settlers who have gone
in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write \
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
PACIFIC OREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
Wilton Block, Vancouver
PURE FOOD
There is nothing in the nature of compound in the
Famous "Squirrel" Brand
Peanut Butter
which is an absolutely pure food, both nourishing and delicious.
Made up to a standard and sold at thc standard price of 25c per
1-lb., in bulk and in 1-lb. tins.
IT'S MADE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
We recommend that readers of Thc Federationist try a pound
tin.
Seymour 1115 1285 FENDER STREET WEST
UNION ** OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
CAM SUPPLY YOU WITH tHE ALLIED PBINTWO TBADES UNION UBEL
BAQLEY * SONS, 151 Hssliois Street Seymour 810
BI.OCHHKIKIKIC, F. R„ 819 Brosdtray Eist Fsirmont 308
BltAM) * 1'KKBY, 628 Pender Street. West  Seymonr 2678
BURRARD PUBLISHING  CO.,  711  Seymour  Street    Seymonr  8580
CLARKE k  STUART,  320 Seymour Btreet    Seymour  8
COWAN tt BROOKHOOSK, Lsbor Temple Building Seymour 4480
DONSHUIB PBINTINO CO., 487 Dunsmuir Stmt Seymour 1100
EVANS 1 HASTINOS, Arts tnd Crstts Bldg., Seymonr St Beymour 6650
KERSHAW, J. A„ 689 Howe St Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P., 883 Oore Are Seymonr 1039
MAIN PRINTING CO., 3851 Msln St Fsirmont 1988
MoLEAN & SHOEMAKER, North Vsncouver N. Vln. 68
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Grsnvllle »nd Robson Sts.... Seymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 137 Pender St Seymour 41
NORTH SHORE PBE8S, North Vsncouver N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Bulldlnt Seymoar 9592
PEARCE A HODGSON. 618 Bsmliton Street Seymour 3931
BOEDDE, O. A., 610 Homer Street Beymour 364
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Csmbie 81 Seymour 6509
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 203 Klngswsy  Fsirmont 1140
THE STANDARD. Homer Street  Seymour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Hutlngi W Seymour 8520
TIMMS, A. H„ 230 Fourteenth Ave. E Fsirmont 821R
WESTERN PRESS, 823 Cordon W Seymonr 7566
WEBTEBN SPECIALTY CO., 331 Dunsmuir St Seymour 3626
WHITE A BINDON, 62B Pender West Seymour 1314
Writ. "Union Label" on Tonr Copy when Ton Send It to tb. Printer
Wake U|Ht's not an Undertaker You Need
TEN
SUB.
CARDS
$10
ORDER 10 SUB. CRAPS
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $1 per year.
Superior
Printing I
AT MODERATE
PRICES
Telephone:
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty.
u6V.   145/D     I    Our Prices are right and we
|    deliver when wanted.
LABOR TEMPLE
SMI RAILWAY
Street Car Men Are in Favor
of Two-platoon System
for Firemen
Nomination of Officers for
Pioneer Division 101,
on Dec. 13
ALTHOUGH THE lost meeting of the
Street Rallwaymen wus poorly ut
tended, tlioao present got through with
a "good deul of important business. Two
more members have enlisted for overseas, and were grunted indefinite leave
of absence, while several requested
leuve for three mouths.
Two representatives of the newly-
formed Civic Firemen's union requested
and were given leave to address the
meeting with regard to the two-platoon
system. Aftor receiving President Cottrell'a apology for the uncomfortable
overcrowding of tho hall, Messrs. Hutch
und Mooro gave a few interesting de-
tails us to their mission and tho workings of tho fire department. They were
ussured of our support, and no doubt
the firemen will win their case when tho
bylaw is submitted to tho ratepay ,
who are just beginning to realize that
the present fire department system is an
ideal piece of inefficiency. Having eome
to the-Street Railwayman's union for
support, the firemen will now realize
thut the only strictly union form of
transportation is the street ear system,
'Nuft sed.
News has just boen received of the
death of two members of this locnl, who
went to tho front some time ago.
Opposed to Jitneys.
Bro. Dnckworth, we are pleased to
know, is| back to work again, after being off more thnn three mouths, the result of being struck by a jitney und
having his leg broken iu two plaees. On
account of the circumstances connected
with the accident, Bro. Duckworth hns
to foot the entire bill himself, with the
exception of ji sum generously grunted
by the company toward the hospital uc-
count.
We take this opportunity of reminding our members that Bro. Joe Campbell is still doing business at the Royal
George cigar stand. On account of indifferent health, Joe wus forced to seek
other means uf earning his living than
on the cars, but he is still a member of
Pioneer division 101, und is entitled to
our support. Joe carries a good line of
union-made goods und will be pleased to
see any of tho boys.
Nomination of Officers Dec. 13.
Tho noxt meeting wilt be on Dec. Ill,
when nominations for officers will bu in
order. Of course ull tho present officeholders will line 'up for a chance to
servo the interests ot the division for
another term, although some of them
would have us beliovu otherwise. Anyway, it looks as though there will bo a
little more excitement ttiis election than
was the case in tho lust. Wo understand that thc machine is oiled up and
in good working order.
Now boys, don't forgot the next meet
ing. Come around and get nominated
for one of tho good jobs, The job of
press correspondent will be open for
someone with a soft spot, un dthis is
sure some plum. Grab this job and if
you ever had any friends believe us you
will soon lose them when you land this
highly-remunerative office.
There is some talk of a social in the
near future, but to date the actual day
has not been fixed. /
Drop in and havo n talk with tlie
business agent, Bro. Hoover. He is glad
to seo ony of the boys during business
hourB. J. E. G.
Cashmere
Hosiery
for Women
and Children
THOSE who anticipate
purchasing cashmere
hose will do well to make
selection from thc following lines. Wc recommend
both the qualities and thc
values.
Seamless Cashmere Hose,
with special spliced
heels and toes, in black;
sizes 8y2 to 10. 50o a
pair.
A variety of light and medium weight seamless
and full fashioned lines,
in black only; all sizes
frony 8l/2 to 10. 75c a
pair.
English all-wool CaShmei'e
Hose, full fashioned,
with seamless feet. 85c
pair.
Seamless outsize and extra
outsize all-wool Cashmere Hose, at $1.00 a
pair.
Wolsey British-made All-
wool   Cashmere   Hose,
i thoroughly  shrunk,   at
$1.25 pair.
I   Store Opens at 8.30 a.m.
and Closes at 6 p.m.
USSfftft
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
CAR SERVICE BAD IN
NEW YORK SAY
Board of Estimates Declares
Conditions Are Getting
Intolerable
Competent Men Cannot Be
Obtained to Take the
Place of Strikers
TWENTY-FrVB YEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Connell.
December 4, 1891
Mr. Goldsehmiilt, manager Vancouvor
opera house, will assist ull in his power
on proposed benefit concert re Women's
und Orphans' hu'spitul. Delegute Mullet will act on committee,
Chas. Hurling admitted delegute from
Plumbers' union, vice »J. Townloy resigned.
H. Cowan—J. L. Franklin—Motion all
debts bo closed off by next meeting.
The council condemned statement in
recent issue Japan Gazette that immigration from that country would be assisted in the shape of contract lnbor by
federal government.
Workingmen were warned against
patronizing labor bureaux. Council to
establish a bureau of its own.
Messrs. Cowan, H. Brooks, J. Mallet
and President Bartley, will druft a labor
platform for coming municipal elections.
WAR ANTHEM OF LABOR
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
will moot next Thursday. Every delegate should bo present.
I Demonstrate the caliber of your trade
unionism by your actions. Reputations
gained by tho hot air route can not last.
Have you ever tried a meal at the
Delmonico Cafe, just off Granville on
Robson street. Its so different. All-
union, tool Some chef. And speaking
of "service"—that's the word. Drop
in tonight for dinner, or any old time,
Always open. ***
[By Arturo Giovannitti]
Lord of life, God Labor, fan on
'Round the earth those tires of hato;
From this roaring shrine of cannon
Whore your body lies in stato.
From this hell your blood-sweat hallows,
From your desecrated graves,
From the prisons, from the gallows
Cult the legions of your slaves
Toil-bound, crushed with black disasters,
Hunger-mad 'mid stores of pelf,
You bdilt temples for your musters
And foul dungeons for yourself.
Whilo through uges long forgotten,
Vainly searching for u goal,
You, tho man, the God-begotten,
To the beast-born bowed your soul.
Ah, but out of greed und murder,
From the mitie, the Held, the mill,
Freedom called and vengeance heard her
While your listening hosts stood still.
'' Whero they hoisted croBS and snbre,
Whero  your chains  of  shame they
wrought,
Raise your hands, O Human Labor,
Raise yonr voice, O Human Thought I"
Rise nnd fling amidst their revels
Your old crown of thorns and lies,
Hurl your hosts of famished devils
In their drunken paradise.
Till the outcast, till the lowly
Shalt their bloody altars blaBt,
Aud thc damned shall be made holy,
And tho lirst shall be tho lust.
A press dispatch from Now York says:
Tho board of estimate of tho city of
tion by tho public service commission
of rapid-transit conditions in this city,
ns affected by the striko.
Tho board of estimate, in which
Mayor Mitchell und Controller Prouder-
gust exercise utmost czar-like power by
virtuo of their combined number of
votes, unanimously passed a resolution
introduced by President Frank L. Dow-
ling of tho board of aldermen, suggesting that the public service commission
undertake such an investigation
Travel Conditions Intolerable.
Conditions of travel in the subway
have been denounced as intolerable by
thousands of citizens and numerous
civic organizations, among thom the
Washington Heights Taxpayors' associa
tion. Tne resolution of President Dow-
ling reads us follows:
"Resolved, that the public service
commission bo and is hereby ^requested
to investigate the causes of the ulmost
continuous congestion of tho traffic on
the platforms und in tho cars on tho
Broadway and Bronx sections of the
subway system betwoen Bowling Green
und the northerly terminals, and to report to this board its conclusions with
regnrd to such congestions, nnd what tic
tion it proposes to tako for tho relief of
the travelling public, now forced to endure this condition."
Mayor Mitchell went on record in
favor of such an investigation, and gave
tho resolution his hearty endorsement,
Surface Lines Crippled.
Board Member W. B. Fitzgerald, of
the car strikers, declared that he wus
delighted with the action of the board
of estimate. NI am glad to see the city
government take any steps to settlo this
business in the interests of tho public,
lind u betterment of the strike Bituu
tion."
Car service on the East Side s.irfaco
lines is dropping far behind that of six
nnd seven weeks ago, the union men report. This is particularly truo of the
Spring und Delnncey streets, .14th street
und Williamsburg Bridge ahd 8th and
23rd street orosStown linos. These lines
are all pnrt of tho New York Ruilway
Company's green curs, pnrt of the In-
terborough system. The service on theso
lines approximates 40 per cent, of normal.
Men Show Great Courage.
The members of the Amalgamated
Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees of America,' Division
722, will havq a benefit bull and enter
tninment at New York Casino, 107th
street and Purk avenue.
Tho proceeds, of course, will go to th
union trensury and will holp to keep up
the wonderful courngo tlio men of the
green cars ure showing in their bitter
struggle with the traction trust
VIVISECTING THE RACE
The Federatlonist welcomes correspondence from any of the wage workers of
British Columbia. But let it be remembered that there are many wage workers and very few pages of The Federationist.   Brevity has many virtues. ,
If you-are interested
in securing a free 160-
acre homestead along
the new P. G. E. Railway, in the fertile valleys of Northern British
Columbia write for particulars to DRAWER 3,
c|o Federationist, Room
217, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Medical and surgical journals ure telling of marvelous advances in the healing art that have conic us a result of the
vivisecting of some millions of men.
Since nearly every possible device for
the dismemberment of human bolies is
being used under nearly all imaginable
conditions there is no sort of crushing,
cutting, bursting, burning or freezing of
nny human tissue that is not nt hand for
scientific examination, says the Milwaukee Leader. ,
Tho supply of vivisected material is
so abundant that there is opportunity
for thnt manifold repetition of experiment which is necessary to arrive at uny
sort of accurate scientific conclusion.
Thc peculiar talents of each nationality
have ulso full scope for exercise, aud
overy school of surgical training is hore
tested by experience.
Finally because of the terrible valuo
of "man-power" in a war of exhaustion
every nation has the strongest incentive
to make use of every available dovico
by which to patch up those fragments
uf men into possible lighters.
Out of saeh a comprehensive vivisection of tho race some addition to knowledge must come. Of two groat discov^
erics in the art of healing wounds tht
technical journals are ulreudy full. We
rend of u marvelous "Dakin fluid,"
that, under tho management of Dr.
Alexis Carrel, the noted surgeon, restores fissues torn and mnngled to an
extent thnt would once huve been eon
sidered us inevitably fatul.
Another almost equally magical preparation has been christened "Am-
brine." -This, which is said to bo only
a combination of resin aud paraffin, is
sprayed over deep burns and not only
instantly relieves all pain but results in
miracles of healing.
Doubtless other and perhaps equally
marvelous triumphs of human healing
and mending and patching of human tissues will como out of this wholesale
vivisection of human bodies.
But tho tissues of men ore not the
only things that war is vivisecting. Institutions, governments and all human
relations are being torn to fragments.
The whole social system is boing bombed, bayonetted, gassed, submarined and
aeroplaned. Governments and flnnncial
systems have been dismembered beyond
any power of social surgeons to restore.
Industrial relations have been blown to
fragments, and these fragments aro now
beforo us to study.
Will we learn as much from this vivisection of society as from the dismemberment of human bodies? Have we
the social physicians and surgeons who
can read the lesson of this social vivisection and create the magic fluid that
shall restore its tissuesV
The figure of speech hampers, but tho
fact remainB. Society must be rebuilt
when this war shall end. Capitalism
has ulreudy been torn into fragments.
RightB of proporty have disappeared in
wide flclds. All financial rolationB have
been disjointed. Forty million workingmen have been torn out of their regular occupations.   They can nevor bo
restored to the same relation they once
held to their employers.
Their minds as well aB their bodies
have been rebuilt during these years of
war. Can they be bound back into Industrial slavery? It does not seem possible.
The war has vivisected capitalism. It
has exposed ita festering soreB and itB
mortal weaknoss. It it is invalided back
into existence it will be so weak that, it
can not long endure.
THE SEIGE OP BELGRADE
[Probably the most ingenious Bpochnen ol
alliteration extant.]
An Austrian army awfully arrayed,
Boldly by battery besieged Belgrade;
Cossack commanders cannonading come,
Dealing destruction's devastating doom;
Every endeavor engineers essay
For fame, for fortune, lighting furious
fray.
Gonorals 'gainst generals grapple—gracious God I
How honors Heaven heroic hardihood I
Infuriate, indiscriminate in ill,
Kinsmen kill kinsmen—kinsmen kindred
kill!
Lnbor low levels loftiest longest Hues—
Men mnrch  'mid mounds,   mid moles,
mid murderous mines.
Now   noisy   noxious   numbers   notice
nought
Of outwurd obstncles opposing ought.
Poor patriots, partly purchased, partly
Quito quaking, quickly quarter, quarter
'quest; i
Reason returns, religious right resounds,
Suwarrow stops such sanguinary sounds.
True to thee Turkey—triumph to thy
train I
Unjust, unwise, unmerciful Ukraine!
Vanish vnin victory, victory vanish
vaint
Why wish wo warfare? Wherefore welcome were
Xerxes, XimenoB, Xnnthus, Xaviere?
Yield, ye youths, yo yeomon—yield your
yell;
Zeno'B Zarpcter's, Zoronster's zeal,
And all attracting arms against appeal,
—Fugitive Poetry.
GRAMMATICAL TAUUTOLUOGY
I'll prove the word that I havo mado
my theme
Is that THAT may bo doubled without
blame;
And that that THAT, thus trebled I
may use,
And that thut THAT that critics may
abuse
May be correct.   Further—the dons to
bother—
Five Til ATS may closoly follow'one another.
For be it known, that we may safely
write
Or say, that that THAT that that man
writ was right;—
Nay e'en, that that THAT that THAT
that followed
Through six repeats, the grammar's rule
hns hulluwcd;
And thut thut THAT (thut THAT that
that begun)
Repeated seven times is righti    Deny
it who can.—Anon.
THE PRISONER OF ST. HELENA
Perched on a rock, and caged nfar
From Europe's peace nnd Europe's war,
Left to myself to groan und smart,
But gifted with a marblo heart;
I still can live, and free from pain,
Dream all my battles o'er again;
Walk in the sun nnd breathe the air,
Enjoy my bed and daily fure;
And having won und loBt the earth,
Reflect how little it is worth,
Yo,i drivelling, wretched rascal race
Who gravely struts upon its face;
Ye shallow dolts and half-bred knavos,
Who for a timo huve been my slaves,
I huve not grudged to make you bleed,
Nor spared tho thinning of your breed.
Soon spring up tares to fill the ground;
The wheat, ulna!   I've seldom found;
And if amongst you anj jrew,
'Tis better mown thnn mixed with you.
To scourge your tribe I ne'er refused,
But man was all the scourge I used.
The hope of plunder manned my line,
And your ambition pimped for mine.
No kingdom did I overthrow,
But would have served its neighbor so;
For peace no canting monarch sued,
But would hnvo swaggerbd if he could
And that proud islo across the sea,
Wished, in her heart, to rule like me.
Theu fare you well,   I scorn your hate,
Nor fear, nor care for Europe's prate;
But men shall road in after days.
Who shook hor gimcracks to the base.
Alone I did it, for I rose,
From nothing, against sceptred foes.
—Author unknown.
Realizing that mnny minds nre better
than one, men and women of labor havo
combined] to obtain freedom from industrial ills.
The union label is the emblem of
peace. It is an inspiration and guide
post to justice. It appeals not to passion and force, but to common sense
and reason. It is tho intelligent action
of moral suasion.
"In somo localities the control by
employers of the entire machinery of
government is such that lawless acts on
the part of the agents of employers go
unpunished, whito vindictive action
against lenders of the Btrike is accomplished by methods unparalleled in civilized countries."—United States Industrial Relation Commission's Report.
An Improved
OBOWN-ORANTED
Alberta Homestead
(160 acres)
Near Edmonton
FOB ONLY 52,000
(easy terms)
For full particulars write Drawer
8, 0|o B. O. Federatlonist, Labor
Temple, Vancouver.
Miners and
Prospectors
who have copper properties, worth
while, can be placed ln touch with
actual buyers if they will send
full particulars to DRAWEE 4,
O|o B. O. FEDERATIONIST,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Like thousands of other
women you can serve
Nabob
Coffee
—for breakfast, .which starts
the day "right" for every
member of the family.
Every one who uses NABOB
COFFEE loves tho rich flavor of it and of all the Coffees in Western Canada today, NABOB is by far the
most popular.
One woman says: "My husband used to swallow his coffee and hurry away to his office. Now we have NABOB
and you'd think every day
was Sunday the way he lingers over his breakfast.
NABOB COFFEE AT TOUR
GROCERS
Comrade:
When you get tirod hunting for
socialist news in capitalist papers,
subscribe for The Milwaukee
Leader, the big socialist daily.
Samples on request.   Milwaukee,
wis.
Tho   Daily   Milwaukee   Leader  and
Tho Federatlonist, ono year, $5.
^elbfrcon^hc
acco.
VANCOUVER
PICKLE CO.
ASK FOB
B.C. HOME BRAND
PICKLES,
KETCHUP, SAUCE
Phone High, 21
Factory 801 Powell
"Quality"
—Is the one outstanding, paramount feature ot
LECKIE
BOOTS
No matter whether it's a Boys'
Boot—a Man's Boot for street
wear—or a boot for the logger,
minor, prospector, rancher or
laborer, Leckie'a footwear covers
tho whole field.
They are made here in British
Columbia of solid leather through
and through, by British Columbia
workmen.
Look for tho name on every
pair, and remember when you see
it that—    ,
Tho quality goes IN before the
uame goes OK—that's a LEOKIE
CENTER &HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1041 GEORGIA STRUT
Ont Blook west o( Court Houn,
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors  free  to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymonr 1426
Send for
printers' fk I
C»« MONTHLY TMOt tUUKTIH
Mailed freo
COWAN ft BBOOKHOUSE, Printers
Labor Temple Press, Vancouver    -

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