BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Jul 14, 1916

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345161.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345161-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345161-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345161-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345161-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345161-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345161-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

INDUSTRIAL UNITY :   ST':.   TGTH. a«B> npinniAT. oioei . ninmnviiD ni nna inn i ii» ,.,.,,„,.,,    . „„ „ „  „„„   __ ^^   ^^   ^™   ™   mtaST—Or   ——,
—*;*g. ■	
■ ♦■■♦.♦>.♦,' -H-f>+ -++fff +++♦+•
[By William A. Crawley]
WHEN COMMODORE PERRY, now some fifty-odd years ago;
with his American fleet knocked at the door of Japan and de*
manded that the country he thrown open to foreign intercourse, little could he have dreamt of thc hornet's nest that he was disturbing, and much less could he have realized that he was laying the
foundation of a difficulty which in a few years was destined to provide
one ol* the world's greatest problems—the problem of East versus the
Not even after Japan had whipped China in the comic opera war
between the two countries did Japan attract any great attention on
the part of the outside world. Following the trouble with Russia,
however, the Japanese people, ignorant of some of thc real facts which
led to their victory in that campaign—thc revolution in Russia at the
time, and the financial and other valuabie assistance of Great Britain
and thc United States—conceived the idea that their nation was a
world-beater, and from a peaceable and inoffensive people with many
commendable traits, they became transformed into an aggressive nation, with a tremendously inflated opinion of their own importance,
and of their own so-callod national rights. And that feeling of self-
importance was intensified beyond measure by the signing of the Anglo-Japanese alliance. The object of that alliance has always been
misunderstood by the great mass of the people of Japan. When Great
Britain, at thc close of the South African war offered her late foe such
generous terms of peace, the Boors accepted those terms, not as an
evidence of generosity, but as an evidence of weakness. The Japanese
people similarly have always maintained that as they had defeated
Russia, Great Britain had come to realize her strength, and courted
her assistance in order to ensure Britain's own protection in any conflict in which she may have to engage. It has never dawned upon the
Japanese that as a result of that alliance, with admittedly the greatest
power on earth, Japan has been accorded a place in the family of nations, and her diplomatic representations have scoured a wider recognition and more serious consideration than could ever otherwise have
been the case.
These reflections are preliminary to a discussion of the problem of
the East and the West, which has again been raised, this time in Vancouver. The licensing commissioners had almost decided to exclude
Asiatics from employment on licensed premises. They had passed a
resolution making all renewals of licenses conditional upon thc non-
employment of Asiatics after December 3 next, and had followed this
motion with a recommendation to the city council to apply the same
restrictions to rooming house and restaurant licenses. Some hours
after the passage of these resolutions, however, Mr. Kahaohi Abe, consul for Japan, protested against any restrictions against thc Japanese
as allies of Great Britain on ethical as well as legal grounds. The consul for China also presented a protest against the exclusion of his
countrymen. There was, however, as usual, a wide difference in the
method of the presentation of thc two protests. The representative of
China wrote respectfully advancing the claims of his countrymen for
consideration, and no exception could bc taken to the nature of his
communication. The Japanese consul called on the commissioners and
made a speech which was a veiled threat of international trouble
should the commissioners stick to their guns. As a result of the protests, the commission decided to allow the matter to stand in abeyance
until legal opinion might bc obtained. Later the commissioners decided to withdraw thc objection to Asiatics,
0. of Canada and U.S.
Address Meeting
Amusement Trades Brought
Together By International Officers
Must Bo Solved.
The problem which tins incident has
ngnin opened up is of vital importance
tind one whicli must eventunlly be
solved, nnd tho sooner thnt solution bc
renched the bettor. For this reason,
perhnps, n genernl discussion of the subject by ono who hns hnd an opportunity
extending over a number of years of
studying the problem on the spot in all
the countries chiefly interested—in Aus-
tralia, China nnd Japan, and hns been
Siifticiently long in this country to obtain nn idea of tho local conditions—
mny bo of some assistance in helping
the public geaernlly to reach conclusions.
The first, question which occurs in this
connection is:
"Has a nation any more than an
individual the right to demand from
another any concession unless prepared to offer a fair equivalent in return?"
In thnt question is the kernel to the
whole  matter  nnd   the only common-
W (sense reply to it must be obvious.
r A Judge Gains Knowledge.
Somo.Jittle while ngo Judge Henshaw,
president of one of the sectionnl high
courts of Cnlifornin, visited Jnpnn, nnd
tho writer of this article hnd tho opportunity to discuss with him for over two
hours the Cnlifornin nnti-alien Innd ownership mcuBuro which, it will bo remembered, at tho time of its passage,
hnd raised thc tension between Jnpnn
nnd thc United Stntes to such n point
thnt President Wilson hnd personally
interfered, and hnd sent W, J. Bryan,
then Secretary of Stato, to California in
tho hope of inducing Governor Johnson
to withhold his signnturo to tho bill.
Tho learned judge, in tho courso of tho
conversation, snid if ovor n Japnneso
brought ti test case beforo his court involving tho right to own Innd in Cnlifornin, the court would decide in his
fnvor, in spite of the Cnlifornin legislation, which he maintained wns ultra
vires. This assertion led to a question
being put to the judge:
"If a Japanese ln the United States
may demand the legal right to own
land in that country why, as a matter
of equity, should an American In
Japan not have the right to own land
in that country?"
Tho lenrned judgo confessed thnt he
was unfamiliar with tho lnws of Jnpnn,
and expressed surprise thnt thero Bhould
be any such obstacle
Yet it is the demand by Jnpnn for
this concession, for its nationals in tho
United Statoa, that' has led chiefly to
tho strained rolatlonB between tho two
countries, and on moro than ono occasion, has threatoncd rupt'uro owing to
tho cry for wnr on tho part of tho press
of Japan and tho so-callod yollow journals of America. As nn evidence of the
vnluo of Japanese official assurances, it
may bo mentioned incidentally, that
during ono of thoso tensions, tho then
minister for foreign affhirs almost daily
told the world that tho outbursts on tho
part of the Japanese papers did not reflect' tho truo feeling of thc Jnpaneso
government or the Jnpaneso people, yet
tho present writer wns told by representatives of several of tho papers concorn-
od, thnt thiB snmo foreign minister with
♦his controlling influence, really dictated
their policy.
Work of Missionaries.
While entertaining the highest respect
for nny missionary body, it must be admitted thnt nfter enreful observation of
the majority of tho missionaries sent by
the United States to Japan, tho writer
hns been forced to the conclusion that
their well-meant but ill-advised utter-
nnces have had the effect of ndding fuel
for the flaming of Japanese aggressive-
aess. The majority of tho missionaries
hnve played tho role of apologists for
tlieir own country, and have urged tho
Jnponese to press their clnimB, which
they wero told woro objected to Only by
tho Labor orgnnidations and agitators
through reasons of jealousy.
A welcomo nnd notable exception to
theso well-meaning but misguided poo
pie was Dr. Shaillor Mathews, dean of
the university of Chicngo, who viBitcd
the country as tho representative of tho
Federated Churches of Christ of America, and carried a personal message of
goodwill from Presidont Wilson to the
Jnpnnoso govornment and people. Dr.
Mathews put the whole thing in a nutshell, and did not hesitnto to tell tho
Japnnese people thnt thero wero two
sides to tho question—thnt thero was an
Amoricnn Bide as well as a Japanese,
nnd thnt the essentials to any bargain
should be give nnd take, and not merely
the give on one side and tho take on the
other. On the day of tho departure ef
Dr. Mnthews from Japan tho writer accompanied him from Tokyo to Yokohama, and during tho journey tho distinguished visitor granted nn outspoken
interview of ovor three columns donling
with tho Japanese-American relntioiiR,
nnd the day after their publication, his
remnrhs formed tho foundation of the
mnjority of the editorials in the vcrnne-
ulnr press. Dr. Mathews Bet a current
of thought for thoso editorial writers
which previously hnd boon foreign to
them, nnd undoubtedly his visit led to
a better understanding in regnrd to the
outstanding difficulties between the two
countries, tho foundation upon which
nny solution of those difficulties must
eventunlly rest.
When all is boiled down, it will bo
found, aB Dr. Mnthews told the Japanoso, thnt the grentest obstacle to tho
solution of the problem of tlie East nnd
West is the difficulty, if not impossibility, of assimilation and nlso in the
economic conditions of two peoples who
nre as far asunder ns the poles.
Harrowing Their Feelings.
But to return to the protest of the
Japanese consul. Tho report of the proceedings tells us that Mr. Abe put a
number of direct questions to tho licensing commissioners. Ho asked if it hnd
been decided to excludo Japanoso workers from licensed promises, and told the
members that in refusing permission for
forty Japanese boys to work in Vancouver, they wore hnrrowing tho feelings
of soventy millions of their countrymen
at home.
Tho principal of tho consul's objection, of course, is not confined to tho
employment of forty Jnponese boys on
licensed premises, but nnturally covers
the whole question of the employment
of Japanese in this country, nnd as tho
consul apparently has not any objection
to direct questioning, porhnps ho mny
be good enough to nnswor this:
"Is It possible for any foreign
tradesman or mechanic or unskilled
worker to obtain a living in Japan?"
The standnrd rnte of pay for a trades-
mnn or mechanic in Jnpnn or Chinn is
equal to ten cents a dny in Cnnndian
(Continued on naga 3)
\ N IMPETUS was given to the mom*
** bership of the amusement trades
during the week in Vancouvor. The
occasion was nn official visit from Chas.
C. Shay, New York,president of the Internntionnl Alliance'of Theatrical Stngo
Employees nnd Moving Picture Machine
Operators of the United States and
Canada. President Shay was accompanied by Organizer Charles Crickmorb,
also of New York. They had come west'
primarily to clean up the situation at
Calgary, as affecting their tradeB, one
that had given a good deal of concern
to all trnde unionists becnuso of the
fact that returned soldiers hnd beon
used to break tlieir strike. With the
united assistance of organized labor, including President Waiters of the Trades
and Labor Congross of Canada, tho
"head-liners" were successful in putting on a "turn" that "filled the
bill"—at least until the "pay-triots"
find some other way of reducing wageB
and lowering the standard of living for
Joint Mass Meeting.
On Sunday evening a joint meeting
of the amusement trades took place in
the Labor Temple, which was presided
over by the local president, J. C. La-
Chnncc. Among the speakers wero President Shay, Organizer Crickmore, Jas.
H. McVoty, president of Vancouver
Trndes nnd Lnbor council, nnd the B,
C. Federation of Lnbor; E. A. Jamieson,
president of the Musicians' union; J.
Rundle, president of the Vancouver
Thentrienl Federation; E. A. Clark, district, seeretary ('-lectrician nt the Pnti-
tngos theatre, Seattle), and R. Pttrm.
Pettipiece, of Tho Federationist. At
the close of tho meeting, President Shay
was entertained till the boat Jef.-, for
Presidont Shay gavo the boys a little
heart-to-heart 'talk  that   should   boar
fruit in the future relntionship of the
theatrical trades to tho rest of organized labor in Vancouvor.    Ho pointed
out how it was the henrty support of
the  outside  members  and  officers  of
unions that hod made it possible for the
amusement unions to secure the many
advantages   thoy   now   enjoyed,   and
urged the members of the allied trades
to do their level best to reciprocate. He
realized tho delicate nnd grnve responsibility resting upon the Bhoulders of
all trade unionists in Canada just at
this time.   '' Bat,'' said President Shay,
"as bad as it is now, let me assure you
all that it is very apt to be worse after
tho war is ovor.   And if we are to meet
the situation at all, wo must Btnrt in
right now to get our house in order.   I
sec, too, thnt just as we in New York
aro the gntewny to Europe, so are you
tho goltoway to the Orient, with tho
menace of chenp voteless Oriental lnbor
ever crushing you to the wall.   It is a
task thnt will require nil the ingenuity
nnd ability of your union officers nnd I
trust you,   the   membership, will give
them at all times your sincere support.
As one international officer, I am willing to do nil I can.   Our orgnnization
has already expended moro money in
Cnnndn thnt wo will get back in tlio
next ten years, but were willing to do
tins, becnuso we must help whero the
chaiu in our continental ties are weakest. ''
"Movies" Moving.
This weok the office of the Moving
Picture Operators is being moved into
room 20!), Labor Temple, where Business Agent McCartney will bo found in
Vancouver Theathlcal Federation.
The recent formation of the Vancouver Theatrical Federation hns done
much to cement the amusement trndes,
nnd if the spirit of Inst Sundny evenings meeting is any indicntion of the
progress to be mnde ns n rosult of tho
better understanding, then all will be
Musicians Overlooked,
President Jamieson, of the Musicinns'
union, snid he upprccinted the vnlunblo
work whicli hnd heen done by President
MoVety in securing for the workors of
British Columbia whnt seemed to bo
tho bost Workmen's Compensation Act in America, but he regretted
to note that the musicians had beea
overlooked, and inasmuch ns the stnge
employees were covered, he could not
see why the musicians should be left
out, ns their oceupntion wns undoubtedly just as hazardous. Tho Musicians
had taken tho matter up with Premier
Bowser, but thoy also counted on the
further co-operation of Pres. McVety.
Election of Officers Takes Place
At Next Thursday Evening '
Every delegate to Vancouver
Trades and Labor council—there
are 109 of them—should be at the
next meeting, Thursday, July 20.
Election of officers for the ensuing half-year, and the further
consideration of n resolution in-'
troduced at last meeting, will "bo
too important items on the agenda. The trade unionists of Vancouvor should remember that
they are the central labor body,
and if it fails nt nny time to
voice their idon of what a trades
and labor council should be, they
hnve this, another opportunity of
putting matters right. It is the
duty of every trnde union in
Vnncouver to see that they are
represented at next Thursday
evening's meeting. Failing that,
it is up to tho absentees to there-
nfter hold their pence—nt least
for another six nlonths. All dole-
gates should be at all meetings of
the central labor body. If thnt
has not been the case it Bhould
be. Let a fresh sturt be maao
next Thursday evening.
(InctT;Ta"r)     $1.50 PER YEAR
Railway Builders Responsible for Glutting Market
with Chechacos
Wages Go Down and Purchasing Power of Dollar Decreases
Local Letter Carriers and
Friends Will Picnic at
Bowen Island
Endorse McVety for Labor's
Commissioner on Compensation Board
The regular meeting of branch No.
12, F. A. L. C, waB held in room 307,
Labor Temple, last evening, with a fair
number of members present. Bros.
Dodd, Knowles and Wight reported in
re Trados and Labor council activities.
A complete report was received regarding the picnic arrangements for tomorrow.
.Sports for Tomorrow.
The following sports programme was
Event 1—120 yards race, (members
only), 2 prizes; event 2, 440 yards race,
men, open, 3 prizes; event 3, 100 yards
race, ladies, open, 2 prizes; event 4, 75
yards ogg and spoon race, (members
wives), 2 prizes; event 5, potato race,
(committee men only), 2 prizoB; ovent
(i, 50 yurds girls under 8 yenrs, open, 2
prizes; event 7, boys under 8 years,
open, 2 prizeB; 8 75 yards, girls under
14, open, 2 prizes; event 9, 75 yards,
boys under 14 years, open, 2 prizes;
event 10, tug of war, (members only),
eight-man teams, 8 prizes.
Carriers Stick for McVety.
A communication was received from
the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi
neors in re the endorsation of ex-Mayor
Crawford of Kamloops for commissioner
on tho Wormen's Compensation bonrd.
Severnl members spoke of the activities
of Jns. H. McVety in behulf of Workmen's Compensation, also stating that
ns he hnd been endorsed by tho Trades
nnd Labor Congress of Cnnndn, thc Vnncouver Trades and Labor council, etc.,
nnd organizations who came under tho
scope of the act, he was the only logical
man to support. On motion of Bros.
Knowles and Wight, the request for the
endorsntion of Mr. Crawford, ex-mnyor
of Kamloops, was non-concurred in.
Even Break on Prohibition.
The delegntes representing tho branch
in thc Trades and Lnbor council, asked
for specific instructions, as to their
voting on tho resolution presented by
the Brewery Workers, re tho B. C. Prohibition net, and nfter a heated discussion, a motion to concur in the resolution was defeated by one vote, and the
delegates wero instructed to voto accordingly.
Convention Committee Busy.
The chnirmnn of tho convention cn-
tertni uniont committeo roported progress. Sovoral resolutions oa the
agenda which wore left over from lust
meeting wore disposed of und the meeting adjourned.
Don't forget the picnic tomorrow at
Bowen island. Boat leaves wharf at 2
p. m. prompt. F. K.
[By Frunk P. Mnnton]
FAIRBANKS, Alaska, June 17.—This
* country is receiving much publicity
of lnte, due to the building of a government railroad from Anchorage, CookB
inlet, to Newann, Tawnna R., and all
sorts of hot air is being assiduously
disseminated by such lofty and altruistic institutions aB chambers of commerce, bankers' associations and political spell-binders as to be really confus:
ing and misleading. On no account
would I advise any working men to
come here, particularly thiB yoar. Work
is not at all plentiful, nnd wages very
low—8 hours $4, 10 hours $5. This
applies to miniag.
Oovernment Sets the Face.
LaBt year the benevolent government
paid $90 per month on tho Burvoy and
obtained sufficient young"ehecakaccos''
to meet the demands. Not sntisfied with
the success nttained Inst year as a wago
reducing institution, tho governmont endeavored to further reduce wagea this
summer, and havo offered tho vory munificent sum of $2.00 por day, plus
board. This is an impossible wage, taking into consideration the high cost of
living in everything, and the relatively
low purchasing powor of the dollar and
the short period of employment—90 to
100 days a year, this wago is a joke.
Workmen May Strike.
Unless the govornment resorts to tho
employment of strike-breakers the men
here will have very little difficulty in
forcing their just demands. Again very
few men will bo employed this yoar.
Should you seek furthor enlightenment,
I am at your service.
Mrs. Lena Morrow Lewis, the sociul-
iBt candidato for delegate to congress,
pulled off a successful atrike at Anchorage this spring and organized the camp.
Should any of the boya contemplate a
trip this summer they had better bide
a woe until conditions improve.
I hope all's well with The Fed.
A Few New "Strikes."
The Livingood camp, Tolovana R., is
showing up fairly good and a small
camp is assured. Nothing big, moderate and low values.
A new "strike" now claims attention. It ia located on tho Tolsti R., a
tributary of the Innoko, and, being far
away looks good at a distance.
Tho cost af living is evor increasing
here, and gnmo very scarce. For the
last two years there has not been any
birds in tho country, with the exception of the migratory ones.
War Effects Felt.
Wo cortainly fool the effects of the
wnr here. Mining supplies have gone
up 75 to 100 per cent. Last winter—
and as I write it is still here—was tho
most severe in tho momory of the oldest sourdough. Tho call of thc north 1
Forgot it.
■H+4-f* 1-m+ -H++4. +++++
WHEN THE EMPLOYERS ean get the employees divided and
pitted against eaeh other they generally are able to gain their
ends. Is that to bc the result in the case of thc appointment
of a Labor representative upon the board of three commissioners
called for under the provisions of the new B. C. Workmen's Compensation Act ? The Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, in convention
at Vancouver last Septpmbcr, elected Jas. H. MeVety out of a field of
five as thc choice of organized labor for thc position. And as a partial
recognition of their choice at that time, the government appointed
Mr. MeVety as one of the three who were named as an investigating-
committee to prepare the material out of which the Workmen's Compensation Act was afterwards framed*. Then the B. C. Federation of
Labor, in convention, unanimously elected Mr. McVety as their president and their choice to represent Labor on the proposed board Two
months later, District No. 6 of thc Western Federation of Miners ta
convention at Trail, unqualifiedly endorsed President McVety for the
position. These organizations represent practically all there is to represent in the organized labor world of this province. It began to
look as though McVety was likely to secure the position. Then the
politicians got busy A Conservative ex-mayor of Kamloops, a mem-
'. i VT Bl:othcl;hood oi Locomotive Engineers, decided that he
wanted the job, and to make it look right, his organization sent out a
circular to B. C. unions, asking for support for him. The Brotherhood
people at an outside estimate, have around a thousand members who
are not now and never have been identified with the rest of the or-
ganized labor movement. Nor would they do so now if it could bo
avoided. The organizations which have freely endorsed McVety for
the commissionersh.p have a total membership of around fifteen thou.
S, }?*& PosAse8s>n|?. Probably, fewer old-party politicians than thi
Brotherhood.   And even thc Brotherhood is not unanimous in™
?.b1m »n1' duni1I th,e past wcek thc candidature of Engineer
Baldy Brown of Bevelstoke is announced on his own account That
MeVety is entitled to the position and should have it on his merits
aside from all political viewpoints, is the opinion of practically every
officer ot every trade union in British Columbia. Nor is this endorsa-
tion confined to the province.   Two weeks ago, B. A. Bigg Labor
fZ, VMvC/a"lt0ba ^i81"^. ™*e i- plain that he'was in
favor of McVety's appointment. This week The Federationist is ta
receip of an unsolicited letter from James Simpson, ex-eontroller It
Toronto, one of thc best-known, trade unionists in Canada, which
Maintenance-of'Way Employees'.
The Missouri Pacific railway has refused to grant any of the demands submitted by the Brotherhood of Mainton-
nnco-of-way Employees last month, or to
arbitrate the matter. United States Secretary of Labor Wilson hns boon asked
by the union officials to send two commissioners to St. Louis to mediate.
"How consistent if is for tho union
workman, after contending thnt tho employor shall pay him more pay because
he is organized, to turn around and
spend these increased wnges in support
of tho lower wages nnd poorer conditions of tho unorganized crafts, employing non-union labor, whilo at tho same
time condemning hiB fellow workors in
tho other orgnnized crafts to lose tho
employment, due to tho lack of patronage of theso so-called union mon who,
by withholding thoir purchasing powor,
nro betraying thoir own ca'jse."
'Evon a mnn with rt limited vocabulary can uso many words to say nothing." I
Prince Rupert Strike Settled,
Tho striking employees of the Canadian Fish & Cold Storage Co., Prince
Rupert, havo made a compromise settlement in thoir favor on a basis of 40
cents per hour, regular timo, and 50
cents for overtime.
SUNDAY, July 10—Bartenders.
MONDAY, July 17—Boilermak-
ers; Electricul WorkerB, No,
213; Brewery WorkerB.
TUESDAY, July 18—Bookbinders; Itnilway Firemon.
THURSDAY, Jaly 20—Mnintcn-
(ince-of-wnymen; Trades and
Lnbor Council.
FRIDAY, July 21—Curpenters;
Granite Cutters; Molders; Civic
Employees; Rnilwny Carmen.
Over 1000 Employees at Trail Secure Small Wage Advance
Without Strike
TRAIL, B. C, July 10—Thero will
be no strike of the employees of
tho Consolidated Co. smelter here.
Negotiations huve been going on
for some weeks which hus resulted in
un agreement being reached. Ovor
1000 employees were directly affect*
ed. The puyroll in this oump runs
well over the $150,000 per month
Mr. J. 1). McNiven, Vancouver,
Western Cnnoda representative of
the federal Labor department, acted an an Intermediary during tho
latter portion of tho conferences,
and liaally u proposal from the company of an increase of 15 cents
daily, in addition to the 25 cents
previously granted, as long as the
price of copper remains at LT) cents
and the price of lead at 8 coats per
pound. Whon these luetuls Bell for
less, there is u sliding scale of reduction in pay.
This was balloted on by the mon
aad they voted to accept tho pro*
positioa, which is now in effect.
"Jimmy" Simpson's Endorsation.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I have just
read with considerable disgust that
there is an effort being mado to misrepresent the opinion of tho organized
labor movement of Canada by making
it appear that u person, other than Bro.
James McVety of Vancouver, should bo
appointed on tho Workmen's Compensation commission to represent Labor
when the govornment organizes tho
commission. It would bo nothing less
thnn a tragedy if Labor was represented
by nny other person than Bro. McVety.
Already in Ontario we hnvo learned how
BerioUBly oar interests havo been jeopardized becauso tho governmont adopted
tho patronage system in the organizing
of the commission. Surely tho organized
workers are not going to Btand for a
repetition of our experience in this pro
vince. If Lnbor.is going to be represented on thc commission, Bro. MeVety
is tho only man who is in the position
to know how tho workers enn bo protected in tho administration of tho aot,
and further, he is the only mnn in the
ranks of Labor who is in the position to
preveat the manufacturers nnd employers generally from evading thoir responsibilities to their employees in the enforcement of the net.
When the Trndes and Labor Congross
of Canada eadorsed Bro. McVety as the
man to rcprcsout the workers on tho
commission, thoy realized they were engaged in a serious piece of business.
and thc governmont should realize that
if they listen to the appeals of ambitious individuals who aro seckiag the appointment in tho nnmo of Labor, thoy
arc igaoring the rightful claimants to
tho privilege of naaiiag tho man to go
on the commission. It hns always been
tho caso when Lnbor has endorsed ono
of its trustworthy representatives to act
for thorn on important publlo organizations that one or more so-called "labor"
men hnve boon rondy to betray thc interests of tho Labor movement to satisfy their own selfish ambitions The
workers of British Columbia Bhould
speak very strongly on this matter and
cave no doubt ia the miads of the members of the government Hint unless Bro.
McVoty is appointed to the commission.
S,T Y'"""* bo "Wded as any*
thing less than a direct repudiation of
lie nssurnnees of Premier Bowser nt
lie Vancouver convontion of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, that the
"Pinion of the Congress would ben's
posted in the organizing of ,bo ,*„„„„i8.
foil. I hold no brief for Bro. MoVotv
"I writing thi, letter, but I do foci      '
Ll „„?."" "r'p""i"i;'"'"' <°f <■'" PO«|.
on on the commission nre successful in
««lj efforts <■"• workers of British
lunilna will bo greater 1<
McVoty,  Slncoroly
fe'ven and the ojporienco gained
through tho appointment made by you
ho is tho best qualified mnn in the ranks
of Labor for the position.
This union, and I presume other
unions, did not think it necessary, in
viow of the notion of tho Congress nnd
federation, to send individual resolutions endorsing Mr. MeVety, but now
that opposition has appeared, this union
begs to confirm the candidature of Mr.
Jas. H. McVety for the position of com.
Law"" roPre"ent tho interests ol
Tours tmly,
Manx Unions Endorse McVety.
Among tho many unions which have
already received the circular referred to
and have flled  it and   endorsed   tie
choice of the Trndes and Labor Co"
Vety-a^"" " 'h° *™iti(»-Mc-
New Westminster.
Smlthers Machinists for McVety.
Am receiving Tho Fcdorn*
by all
rtHrence.   Am pleased to note tlmt hn
i« ao strongly recommended fo *i££__l
stjMowin obtaining it."-.Frod. A, Hob.
ers, Smitlicrs, B. C.
Labor Temple,
Toronto, Jul
losers thnn Uro,
' yours,
Membership Vote to Postpone International Convention Till Next Year.
By a vote of 24,088 to 11,701 tho
United Brewery Workers of America
decided to postpone their international
convention until next year, in order to
centralize all their efforts to buttle Wo
prohibition issue thnt will he before the
peoplo in half n dozen states this fall.
The British government is hitting the
prohibitionists n pretty hard wallop by
going Into the hotel business itself. Jn
Glasgow nlono the government has
taken over 80 saloofts nnd is running
them satisfactorily. The same thing is
being done in n large number of other
When tho dollnr Is spent for the
union Inbel product it is a consistent
act of the true trnde union movement
Longshoremen Speak Plainly.
In response to tho Brotherhood circular, the members of tho Longshoremen 's
union instructed the socretary to write
nK followa:
Vancouver, June 20, 1010.
The Hon, W. J. Bowser, K. C.
Prime Minister and Attorney-Genornl,
Victoria, B. C.
Hear Sir: At our meeting on the 16th
inst., through tho courtesy of Mr. Jns.
11. MeVety, d copy of tho new Workmen 's Compensation Act was distribut
ed to nil thoso present, and our member
ship are pleased lo see thnt their position has been clearly defined Instead of
being left in the indefinite language of
the old net.
With tho copies nnd the series of articles Mr. McVety is having run in Tho
Federation iat', tho membership is becoming fairly fnmilinr with tho essential
features of tho act.
A lotter wns rocclvcd at tho samo
meeting from tho Locomotive Engineers, ashing us to endorse the enndidn-
ture of a Mr. Crawford of Kamloops
for the position of commissioner, tn represent the interests of Labor.
Tho request of tbo Engineers wns refused, nnd I was instructed to write
drawing your attention to the fnct thnt
this union, as well an the unions of the
other trndes, hnvo already, through the
conventions of the Trades und   Lnbor
A™ JOINING tho union, „ roat
<"» majonty of young mon  *,„.,,„  „,
"'"k, """ th-y >»ve perfor, 1 Mt
Ml duty, I" many ca,e., ! hey become
careless and take no intereat whatever
I" the affairs of the orgnnLaHon. Jt I,
not cxpootod of thorn that thoy should
be =,„,„ly elected to (111 .,;„,„„
Oflmportanco, or start to ran things ap
«f thai sort, but
sldo i
own, or anythinff
.1 i.i ...    . .p
thnt bcliovCR in the solidarity of the GongrOBS Of Canada, representing the
trado anion movement an a whole, and Dominion, end the P. 0. Federation of
in tho duty of each craft to support all i Labor f<>r the province, nnnniinnnsly en-
others nnd of each individual member dorae.d Mr. McVety for this position,
to do his full part." | knowing thnt from the study he has
they ahould atl
win, n,„ o* *   t"."c'l"»i"' tiemsolvos
With the affairs going na and eventually
nderstand tl„, Labor movemont moro
thoroughly, ,„,., „,o linkers' Journal.
New Blood—New Ideas.
New ideas and new blond ia tho lifo
of nny organisation, nnd theroforo tho
young man should not be backward to
express Ins opinion on unv subject thnt
may be nailer discussion 'before tho organization. Their ideas may not be of
d character thut would be acted oa f„v*
orablv at the start, but thev will receive the attention and respect of tho
members, which will impjrc tho confidence in themselves for further effort.
None Too Old to Loam.
Banish the idea that the other follow
knows it nil, for the innocent child asks
the most unanswerable questions, nnd
bv asking and Inquiring deeply into
things they become iaterestiag and tho
desired information is obtained.
Must Repay tho Pioneers.
There is another very important Hint-
ter that the young man must remember,
and that is, the responsibility rests upon
his shoulders of the successful continuance of the organization which is his
only protection against the conditions
that would be forced upon him bv tho
iinscinpiilous einployors, and ho should
make every effort to (It himself in thnt
knowledge that would oanblo him to
protect thc only thing that stands between him nad free manhood, the union.
98 Branches In Canada
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Buik money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rat*
Deposits ..
The  Most   Convenient   of All
Small Investments
The Bonk of Toronto will accept
deposits of $1.00 and upwards. A
pass-book showing tho amouat of
your balance will be given you
when you make your first deposit. You have then a Bank Ac*
count, to which you can add or
from which you ean withdraw at
any time. Interest is paid on
Paid ap espial..
Reserve fond  *..
Corner Hastings and Gamble Sts.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
2:46, 7:20, 0:15    Seaion'i Pricei:
Matinee,   16c;   ETenlngi,   16c,   26c.
Increaie Your Husband's
Every woman ean Increase her hue-
band's salary; all sbe has to do Is to
use good Judgment wben pu;»b*u!nf
anything for the home. Every time you
nave money on a piece of furniture
you are that much better off. We
gladly invite yon to eome in and inspect same.   Cash or easy payment!.
Malleable   Ranges/   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware;  screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Talr. 447
£elb freohXyobacco.
Splendid opportunities In Mlied
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
QrnntB Pro-emptions of 100 acres
to Actual Settlers—
TEEM&—Kesidence on the land
for at least three years; improvo*
monts to the extont of $5 per
aero; bringing under cultivation
at loast live acres.
For further Information apply to
.Published every Friday morning by the B. O.
Federationist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce:   Boom 217, Lahor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
Now Westminster W, Yates, Bos 1021
Prince Rupert W. _, Denning, Box 531
Victoria A. 8, Wella, Box  1538
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World"
FRIDAY JULY 14, 1016
RELIGION   HAS been   defined  aa
"man's belief in a being or beings, mightier than himself and inaccessible to his senses, but not indifferent to his sentiments anil actions, with
tho   'feelings    and
RELIGION practices whieh ilow
MADE from such belief."
GROTESQUE, Or ngnin, "a belief
binding the spiritual nature of man to a supernatural boing on whom he is conscious that he is
dependent." "Whether such a conception be considered merely as a matter
of belief or ns something based upon
fact, it is by no means a grotesque or
ridiculous fancy. It might more properly be classed as a sublime thought or a
conception of surpassing excellence and
exaltation. It is doubtless beyond question that religious zealots all down
through the ages, have been honest in
their convictions and have, at times,
backed up those convictions by inflicting untold cruelties upon others, who
may havo deviated from paths of dogmatic rectitude. But in so doing, these
pious ones have, no do-ubt, beon conscientious in the belief that they were
doing that which was pleasing in the
eyes of the divinity thoy worshipped.
* *       *
But in their zeal these persons in
timo fell quite into the habit of indulgence in such manifestly ridiculous and
absurd practices as to make of their
religious pretences a veritable burlesque
nnd mockery of anything in the nature
of a religion at all worthy of the veneration and respect of sane and clear-
thinking persons. Take for instance
thc noisy opera bonffo staged day in
and day out by thut aggregation of
street beggars and labor importers
known as tho Salvation Army. Could
anything better calculated to make
a bjrlesque of religion, bo devised than
such unsufferablo and senseless buffon-
* *       *
As though the Salvation Army acrobats were not competent to complete the
job of reducing religion to the level of
tho extremely grotesque, other alleged
sorvants of the Lord have set themselves the task of doing thoir bit to help
the infamous cause along, by venting
thoir pious wrath upon those vicious
and profane persons who would wilfully
and maliciously, violato the latest commandment, "thou shalt not buy or sell
poariuts on Sunday," in the Sacred Oity
ctf Vancouvor. Now there aro many
persons in this citly who have such -nn
abiding faith in the wisdom nnd power
of thc ruler of tho universe, as to feel
sure that He does not care a tinker's
"gosh hang" whether peanuts and such
trifling though toothsome delicacies are
either bought, sold or stolen in Vancouver on Sunday or any other day. And
what is still more to the point is, that if
He did not approve of such things being
done He is nmply powerful to put all
peanut buyers and sellers out of business, without the assistance of any
Lord's Day Alliance or city official bur-
* »       *
And now comes word that the pious
prohibitionist folk, whoso self-constituted mission seems to bc to save tho immortal souls of obstinate sinners,
whether they like it or not, nre going to
bring thnt prince of nil religious bur-
lesquers, the notorious Billy Sundny, to
Vnncouver to complcto the job. This
buffoon has put the finishing touch upon
the art of religious burlesque, wherever
ho has been called. He stands nt the
head of his profession ns a burlesquer
and a money-getter. If there nro any
in British Columbia who look upon roll
gion as anything elso thnn a joke, they
will surely bo converted to laughter,
once this famous religions cavortcr gets
it whack at them. Either that or fhey
are absolutely devoid of all BCnso of
humor. This artist, Billy Sunday, is not
in good favor with organized lnbor. His
tabernnclo at Philadelphia was built by
non-union labor, and IiIb record whilo in
Colorado not long sinco put upon him
the brand of a pitiable capitalist tool tb
bo used against tho workers in any
struggle they might mako for better
wnges nnd conditions. This, however,
does not detract from his merit as a
successful burlesquer of that religious
hocus pocus of tho ages, that has passed
muster as the real expression of tlio
spiritual connection between man and
his mnkcr. Tho workers need not bo
offended even if Billy Sundny should
refuse to recognize them as he passes
by. They cannot be saved nny way, at
least not those who are in rebellion
ngninst that system of proporty which
all religions defend nnd in whose interests nil religious bnrlesquers don pious
"sock and buskin."
* # \    #
Como to think of it this same Billy
Sunday has beon trotted all ovor tho
country by tho same Interests that so
bitterly combat every effort of the
workers to raiso their wnges and better
their conditions. This worthy pumps
into thom tho good old dope of ( lay not
up your treasures on earth, but tako
whatovor there is coming to you and be
assured that you will have a heavenly
time hereafter.   That is the gospol that
has beon well calculated to satisfy the
soulful yearnings of slaves all through
the piece. The grabbing of riches on
earth is to bo left to the greedy rich,
who will be unable to get into heaven
becauso a camel can not slide through
the eye of a needle. But what is tho
use of ruminating thusly. Come to
think of it, once again, every church in
Vancouver has been built by non-union
labor. And the Methodist Book Concern
—tut, tut, don't speak of it. Its about
time that this sort of religion was considered non-union as well as a burlesque.
THE   PYRAMIDS   of   Egypt   havo
boen classed among the wonders of
the world.   They havo excited the
adinirntion of a multitude of worshippers at tlio shrine of royal achievement,
whether such achieve-
PYRAMIDS meat served nny use-
ANCIENT AND  ful  purpose,  or  was
MODERN. merely   a   monument
to the brutal stupid-
ily and insane ambitions of kingly
knaves and ruffians. Those huge piles
stone along the banks of tho Nile record
no ktmitn achievement bearing any
lieuelicial sigaificanee to human kind.
They are all but imperishable monuments to tho brutal, reckless and lavish
wast* of human energy and human life,
that alone can bring gratification to tho
whims and ambitions of kings and
other rulers. That a hundred thousand
captive Jews were driven for twenty
years by relentless taskmasters, under
the fierce Egyptian sun, in order thaf a
brutal ruling tyrant might have a huge
rock pile to commemorate his tyrannies,
is not an achievement to call forth the
admiration of aay one outside of i\iling
class brutes and their sycophantic and
mediocre following. To all others they
stand as evidence of the tortures and
brutalities perpetrated upon helpless
slaves, at the hands of their masters,
and call forth execration instead of
* *       *
The ambitious of present day rulers,
however, do not run particularly to the
accumulation of ugly and senseless piles
of rock, to be glorified by generations
of fools yet to come. Their accumulations arc of such a character as to plen-
teously glorify them, both here and
hereafter, for they wear tho o)*itwnrd
garb of things actually vital to the
every day existence of human kind.
Such being tho case they call forth unstinted reverence and admiration, even
from the mob of slaves who sweat copiously and without reward, in tho upbuilding of these veritable modcrnjiy-
ramids, even as did the captive Jews
sweat ia the building of the stone piles
°f Egypt. That these modern pyramids
nro pyramids of capital, does not lessen
tho horrors incidental to the building of
such monuments to ruling class brutality, greed and nmbition. As great as
tho cost of nn ancient pyramid may
have been in human sweat, agony and
life, it is infinitesimal as compared with
tho building of the modern pyramid of
steol, of oil, of coal, of meat, of transportation, of copper, of powder, or dozens of others of magnitude great nnd
small. The power for ovil, of the ancient pyramid, ended with its completion
and its completion was a definite and
fixed thing. The modern pyramid of
capital is never finished. The ngony of
its creation goes on forever. Its building is marked by on bloody trail that
leads into the future, beyond human
* *       *
E. H. Gary is the chairman of the V.
S. Steel corporation, a veritable pyramid of steel. It seems that Mr. Gary
contemplates a trip to the Orient, and
will take ship from Vancouver, No
particular notico would be taken of the
fact of his passing through this city, if
he was an ofdinaryily useful but com- j
mon porson, who really paid his way
through lifo, let us say by working in j
a steel mill. But just because Damoj
Fortune hns placed him at the head of I
this big corporation, all of tho daily]
papers of this region nre drooling overj
the remarkable fact' that this Mr. Garyj
is to actually pass through Vancouver,
on his wny elsewhere. Probably the
fulso'H" press "fold ii ' iitiops tiirie
Hindi1 tiraibtr *.!s ever;- f'n.e that tim-
ous pyramid builder passed through
some Egyptian village. Be that as it
may, howover, Mr. Gary Ib quoted as
giving some very valuable information
bearing upon the magnitude of tho steel
pyramid, and that is worthy of Careful
consideration by those who are interested In the welfare of the workers, in tho
mills of capital.
* *       *
According to Mr. Gary, his company
is now employing 50,000 moro mon than
last year, and wages are 20 per cent,
higher. The company may expend $70,-
000,000 during the present year, in betterments. The rate of production in the
iron and steel trade at the beginning of
tho year was about 38,000,000 tons of
pig iron nnd -11,000,000 tons of steel per
annum, At the present time it is even
greater, says Mr. Gary. Three-fourths
of this is for domestic use aad tho balance for export. So much for Mr. Gary,
and now for a little speculation as to
the significance of this trenieduus power
of production, to the working class.
What benefit accrues to that class because of this enormo'.is steel production?
If the production of iron and steel in
the United States amounts to around
80,000,000 tons por annum, that would
be equivalent to approximately four-
lifths of a ton for each man, woman
and child in the country. By whut
stretch of imagination could it be assumed that tho average person gcould
possibly use up that amount of iron and
steel in a lifetime? Does the average
person actually consume even as much
as one-quarter of that amount during
their span of life? Whnt have the workers gotten out of ihe production of this
inconceivable amount of iron and steel?
This last query may be answered by
saying that all they have gotten out of
it is the mere equivalent of their food,
clothing and lodging, while they havo
been engaged in producing it. And that
is just what the captive Jews got a few
thousand years ago for building tho pyramids of stone in Egypt. And it is
doubtful if as great a percentage of
those old-time workers lost their livos
by accident in the pyramid building pro-
cesses of their day, as is the case at
the present time.
* * *
Now, as then, the workers are enslaved. The building of factories, the con
struction of railways and erecting of
huge piles of brick, stone and concrete,
brings no comfort tu the working class.
In fact thc workers might just as well
be employed in erecting huge stone piles
to mark the last resting place of defunct capitalist pirates and highbinders.
Thero would bo eating in that sort of a
job, aad that is all there is to it anyhow, under slavery. And besides there
might be a grimysatisfaction in building
mausoleums for dead pirates, that could
not be realized through catering to
their ante-mortem needs. But, after all
is said and done, pyramid building, for
the glorification of rulers, is an expensive sort of foolishness for slaves to
persist ia indulging in. In justice fo
thc ancient slavo, be it said that he did
not insist upon committing such folly.
He had no choice in the matter. The
less said about the modern slave, in this
connection, the better.
ing plague. Tho rich may be relied
upon to -betake themselves hence from
tho contaminating presenco of any filth
bred by the industrial conditions from
which they financially thrive, at the
first sniff of danger to their own precious lives, or hides. The poor must remain behind to swelter and die amidst
the unwholesome surroundings forced
upon them by industrial circumstances
over which thoy have no control, and
from whose remorsoless clutches they
cannot escape. Iu the presenco of this
plague of death the city authorities will
put forth their best efforts to cope with
the situation and stem the deadly tide.
Affected children will be isolated and
doctors will do their utmost to bring
them back to health. Particularly dangerous districts will be segregated as
danger zones to be avoided. Extreme
sanitary measures will be enforced until
eventually, the evil effects of a deep-
seated cause will be temporarily overcome and matters will again become
normal. But tho cause from which
these evil effects arise will remain untouched and undisturbed. Tho snmo
narrow and miserable existence; tho
same stuffy and ill-ventilated living
quarters; the snmo cheap, scanty nnd
unwholesome food; the samo terrific industrial tension and grinding torture,
will still remain the portion of the
workers, from Vhoso ranks nre furnisTi-
ed a multitude o*f victims of those
plagues and evils that inevitably como
forth from such filthy and abnormal
conditions. Not tho least of these
plagues is infantile paralysis, which is
now taking such awful toll from nmong
the children of Now York city's poor.
And this plngue, like nil the rest, is but
a by-prouVuct of that congestion of population and terrific economic pressure
that is forced upon humankind under
tho processes of modern, high-pressure
slnvery. It is one of the pennlties paid
by the working class for the sin of submitting to being ruled and robbed.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Grown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
2500 moro. The Bethlehem Steol Co.
seems to bo about tho only concern that
has enough munitions contracts to ensure continued operations for any considerable length of time. The collapse
of this boom is due to tho fact thut the
Allied countries aro now ia a position
to make their own death-dealing medicine. They uro patronizing home industry.
AMERICA—Vanoouver and vicinity—
Branch meets seoond and fourth Mondavi,
Room 205, Labor Templo. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenuo weet; financial aeoretary, J. Campbell, 48(59 Argyle
stroot; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1S12   Yew   street;   phone   Bayvlow   20B8L.
"Wild animals aro said to have
played a part in thnt portion of the war
fought in the jungles of Enst Africa.
What are animals coming up to?" ■
The latest statistics of the French
Labor department show that by the
close of thc war, thero will be at least
1,750,000 more women thnn men in the
republic. Whnt a splendid field for a
Salvation Army export trade.
THE CITY of New York is now suffering a veritable plague of infantile paralysis.   Scores of cases are
reported each day, and thc number of
deaths is appalling.   Thousands of the
children of the well-
A BY- to-do nro being sent
PRODUCT OP out of the city to ob-
CONGESTION, cape the danger. Tho
children of tho poor
must remain, however, and face tho consequences, because of the financial inability of their parents to cope with the
difficulty. Infantile paralysis is a logical by-product of the terrible congestion of population that is one of tho
most pronounced characteristics of modern slavery. No more prolific hotbed
of disense could well be imagined than
that provided by the congested quarters
of these great centres of population,
with the vile and filthy conditions that
arc inevitably incidental thereto. To
the countless thousnnds who are doomed
to a lifetime spent in the nnrrow and
stuffy living qunrtors, the close nnd 111-
vontilated workshops and the noisomo
canyons called street's, of a modern city,
it would seem almost a mercy wero
their span of life mode as short as possiblo. Even the fertile imagination of
a Dante in creating nn Inferno, was not
equal to the task of so completely attaining to the snprome expression of
human degradation nnd ngony, as is
reached in these congested hells of modern capitalism.
* * *
Of courso the children of the rich enn
be sont to tho country, where the pure
air, the sunshine, tho wholesome surroundings will render them immune to
disoases bred of tho filthy and nauseating conditions of congested city life.
The money necessary to send them Fo
tho safety of the country, flows in an
uninterrupted stream from the tortured
bodies of they, who becauso of their
poverty, cannot flee from tho threaten-
Although Germany has suffered the
loss of a large portion of her foreign
trade as a result of thc war, it is assert-
ed that she is building up a gigantic
domestic business in the manufacture of
artificial limbs. Even grim war seems
to have its compensating advantages.
According to the press despatches, the
Sau Francisco Chamber of Commerce
has decided to raise $1,000,000 for the
purpose of wiping out the "tyrannous
nnd uninterrupted rule of the waterfront by thc officers of the Longshoremen's union," Longshoremen ns tyrants! Truly that is going some. They
should t-hnak the chamber of commerce
for thus rnising them to tho cntcgory
of historical respectability. About all
there is of written hi3tory centers
around the doings of tyrants. Hence
forth history will, no doubt, be writ'
lnrgo with the doings of this latest ad
dition to the breed.
The epidemic of infantile pnralysis'in
New York city, is each day assuming
moro alarming proportions. The exodus
of children from the city is sprending it
to the country districts. According to
the Now York Call of July 8, 45 ensos
had already been reported from points
in the states outsido of tho city. Also
cases had been reported fronT eiglit
states, including ns far west ns Illinois.
There is no means of stopping the
plague, except the arrival of cold
weather. At the present rato of increase of the epidemic the number of
victims will reach frightful proportions
by the ond of the summer season. The
medical men and health officials seem
absolutely ignorant of either curative or
preventive measures.
The manufacturing boom that has
been so rnpidly enriching the various
munition mnkers and wnr supplies dealers of the United States, is beginning
to show signs of collapse. Thousands of
workmen have already been discharged,
and further moves along this lino are
threntonod within the near futuro. The
PuPonts recently laid off over .'1000
men. It is rumored that the Westing'
houso Co. is to dismantle its big muni-
lions plant.    This will let out about
If you want to be tho kind of a local
Like the kind of a local you like,
You needn't slip your clothes in a grip
And start on a long, long hike;
Yeu'll only find what youjoft behind,
For there's nothing that's really new,
It'B a knock at yoursolf whon you
knocck you local—
It isn't the local—it's you.
Real locals aro not' made by men afraid
Lest somebody else gets ahead,
When  every  one  works,  and  nobody
You can raise a local from the dead;
And if while you mako your personal
Your neighbors enn make one, too,
Your local will be what you want to
It isn't tho local—it's you.
(With apologies to tho Linn Digost—
J F. Eichlonk, Dayton, Ohio.)
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION (VANCOUVER), No. 00—Meets second Tuesday, 8 p.in., Room 204. President, W. Boll
2220 Vine street; Hocrctary-trnnsurer, e'
Waterman, 11(17 Georgia atroot; recording
secretary, W, Shannon, 1739—28th avonue
Moeta Labor Temple, second and fourth Wedneadaya at 2:30 and 8 p.m. Preaident, W.
H. Cottrell; recording secretary, Jas. E. Griffin, 16fl Twenty-flfth avenue eaat; flnanclal
iecretary and bualneaa agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Mootinga
held flrat Tuosday In each month, 8 p.m.
Preaident, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Midi H. Gutteridge; recording see., 0. McDonald, Box 503; financial secrotary H.
Nordlnnd, P. 0. Box 503.
Moots last Sundny of each month at 2
p.m. Presidont, Wm. H. Youhill; vlco-prosi-
dont, W. R. Trotter; socrotary-troasurer, R.
H. Noolands, P. O. Box 66.
Ask  for  Labor  Temple   'Phone  Exchange
Seymour   7495   (unless   otherwise   stated).
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Room 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workers (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.    Sey. 36tt).
Engineers (stoam)—Room 216; E. Prender-
Deep Sea Fishormon's Union—RuhboII Kearley, 437 Gore avenuo. Ofllce phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1344L.
Longshoremen'b Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey. 6359.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 305.
Sailors—W. 8. Burns, 213 Hastings street
west.     Sey.   8703.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 5000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 206.
first and third Thursdays. Executive
hoard: James H. McVety, president; R. P.
Pettipiece, vice-president; Holena Gutteridgo, general secretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Frod Knowles, troBBurer; W. H. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms. John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jus. Campbell. J, Brooks, truatees.
Meets   second   Monday   in   the   month.
Prosldent, J.   McKinnon;  sorcctary,    R.   H.
Neelands, P. O. Box 66.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Office.
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets flrst
Sunday of each month. President, Jamoe
Campbell; financial seeretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phono, Sey. 4762; recording secretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main street.
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in tho month,
room 205, Labor Templo. President, L. E.
Herrltt; secretnry, S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
—Mepts OVflfv let anr] 3rd T"*""''**'*
8 p.m., Room 307. President. F. Dickie;
corresponding nonrotary, W. 8. Dagnall. Box
53; financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; bimlnea*
wnt. W. S. Dagnall. Rtiom 215.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third Monday of ench month, Room 302, Labor Temple
fi p.m. Prosldent. A. Sykcs; secretary, Chas.
ft. Austin, 733 Seventh avenue east.
nnd Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America. Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meets
first nnd third Mondays, 8 p.m. President.
A. Cnmphell, 73 Seventeenth avonue went:
secretary. A. Frnser, 1151 Howe street,
PACIFIC—Meats nt 437 Gore avenue overv
Tnosday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearloy, bnstnoM
meetn room 205. Labor Tomplo ov-tr
JW% 8 p.'.m' pp"Wont, D. W. MeDougall
V « E?*0'1 ****+*'• recording sreretarr
R, N. Elgar. Labor Temple: flnanclal secre
tary and bitstness agent, E. H. Morrison
Room 207, Labnr Temple.
. .. S,°n°lATI?,N' WnI :,fi-''2- ™" "'"'
linll, 10 Powell street. Meets every Thurs-
dny, 8 p.m.    A. Reld. business agent,
and fourth Fridays at 8 p.m.   President.
J. McTvor; recording secretnrv, J. Brookes:
financlnl soerota.y, J. H. McVety
Meets second and fourth Thursdays, Lnbor
W"J»fc 8 P-m- President. George Anderson.
!2!2 J"".?8 K,hl'arn' Streoti Phone Fairmont
1720-O, Secretary. Stnnley Tiller, 312 Eighteenth avenue west; phone Fnlrmnnt 7631,.
TORS' UNION, Local 348., I A. T
S. E. & M. P. M. O.—Moeta flrst Sunday of
each month, Room 204, Labor Temple
President. J. C. Lnchnnee; business agent, W.
0, McCartney: flnnneial nnd rorroppnndlng
■ooretary, H. C. Roddan. P. O. Box 345.
ln annual eonvention in January. Exocutive officers, 1016-17: President, Jas. H. MoVety; vice-presidents — Vancouvor, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Sivorts;
Now Westminster, W. Yatoa; Princo Ruport,
W. E. Thompson, P. O. Box 158; Rossland.
II. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretnry-treasurer, A. S. Wells, P,
O. Box 1538, Victoria, B. C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL— Meets first and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Governmont stroot, at 8
p. m. President, G. Taylor; secretory, F.
Hoidrldgo, Box 802. Victoria, B. C.
of America, local  784,  New  Westminster.
Moots second Sunday of each month at 1:30
p.m.    Socretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tho Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may bo leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of 91 an ncre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will bo leased to one
Applications for leaso must be made by the
applicant in porson to tbe Agent or Sub-Agent
of tho district In which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and In unsurveyod territory tho
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must he accompanied by
a feo of ts, which wll) be refunded If the
rights applied for are nm available but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be pnld on the
merchantable output of the mine at tho rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall for-
nlsh the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay tho royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should bo furnished at least once
a year.
The leaso will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may he considered necessary for thc working
of tho mine at the rate ot $10 an aern.
For full Information application ahnnld h»
mado to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorized publication of thla advertisement will not bo paid for—80690
     ii ate
rSSx*. Of America  *-Q*t
Voto against prohibition! Demand per*
aonal liborty ln choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this l.abfl whon purchasing Door,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that It is Union Mado. This ia our Label
Phone Seymour 4490
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0,
The boys Line a
Vonopor 6EEK
AT 1.WNC.H, eoss.t
ITIWJT YouArt-dove i    mo»th™*tily,ji*.
OF OKA _^      /    IU'lMtrnlllHlKIIS
Mow our (
■Pur Voy TO A LOT 01=
Av»»v«)A    /^\
•T'S"**-      ,^.J
owe«io rtpun
A "Class Legislation" Drama in 4 Acts
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
"The Beer Withoufr Peer"
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
is good—be temperate in k
all things. H
CASCADE is the temper
ate man's ideal beverage.
Bg    ™**_1fk&
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
'if is good for all men; total abstinence.is a matter of expediency for some
men. Tbo total abstainer has no more right to compel tho temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than tho temperate man haa to compel
the abstainer to drink whnt' he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Organized* Labor Reviews
Its Weakness with the
Better Suspend Proclamation of Act Until After
Next Session
Trades and Latior Council.
Friday, July 17, 1891.
Credentials wore received from S. H.
Bordman, R. Townley nnd J. Mortimore,
plumbers; G. Craig and G. Macey, lathers; Chas. Kaino, amalgamated carpenters, and C. Goodwin, tinners.
Thos. Salmon, Northfleld, V. I., defined the position of the locked-out miners
at Wellington, and gave somo valuable
information nnd sound advice.
Harry Cowan appointed assistant secretary.
An attempt was about to be made to
reduce the pay of coal heavers at niriit
from 40 to 35 cents an hour.
A motion was passed expressing re-
pet at the death by accident of Chns.
Bartley father of Vice-President Bartley, at Victoria.
IT LOOKS now as though the Manitoba government would have bettor
paid attention to the objections of E.
A. Rigg, M. L. A., and tho Manitoba
unionists to certain provisions of tho
Workmen's Compensation- Act, passed
nt tho last session of tho legislature of
that province. From the report of the
executive committee of tho Winnipeg
Trades and Labor council, as reported
in The Voice, it looks now as though
the weaknesses of the act havo become
so apparent that there is a strong liko-
liliood of the measure not being put in
force until the legislature meets again,
and makes suitable amendments. Says
Tho Voico:
The executive's report contained
tlie information that the contention of
the council that a single commissioner
was hardly a safe proposition for the
Workmen's-Compensation Act had impressed the government and that contra
proposals aro now being considered.
Organized Labor's Report.
The report snid: ''In compliance
with instructions of the council, President Veitch, Dels. Ward and Macdon-
nell and the secretnry, interviewed the
provincial government relative to the
appointment of the Workmen's Compensation act commission nnd urged
iippii them the importance of safeguarding tho interests of Labor in connection with the appointment.
'The delegation reiterated the objections mnde before the law amendments
commitee nt the last session of the legis- j
Inturo to the one-man commission which \
the net authorized, on the grounds that i
no adequate representation of the interests involved could be thereby secured,
nnd that it was very improbable thot
any one manNsould bo found who possessed the vorsutile qualities necessary to
give effective nnd satisfactory administration nnd thnt in order to guarantee
such administration a three-man commission was necessary.
"Both tho premior and minister of
publie works Johnson, who were tho
members of the government present, appeared to bo considerably impressed
with tho representations made and
frankly confessed that the one-man commission feature of tho act constituted
a very grave difficulty.
"Your representatives pointed out
that wherever similar legislation had
been enacted the three-man form of
commission had been adopted and expressed tho opinion that to vest tho
power of the commission in ono man
would involve considerable risk of failure in administration. It was furthor
pointed out to the government that it
would probably be better to suspend
the proclamation of the net until after
the noxt session of Ihe legislature, and
amend the act at that time to provido
for three men than to run the risk of
failure at the start.
'' Your representatives also pressed
upon thc government the need for securing the services of Mr. Frank Hinsdale
to organize the work of the commission,
ho having done similar work in n most
efficient tnnnner for the state of Washington, and tho provincos of Ontario
and Novn Scotia, and would probably
bo required to organize the new British
Columbia board.
"The interview was of n lengthy nnd
very frank character and your commit*
tee is of tho opinion that the governmont is convinced that the opinions expressed to them in this connection arc
of vital importance."      J. H. McV.
(Continued from Pago 3.)
twelve months to prepare for what it
was considered would bo a revolution in
their affairs. That law has just come
into operation. It provides thnt no
woman or child shall bo employed in
any fuctory for more than twelve hours
a day, and that they must be paid not
loss than 14 sen (7 cents Canadian) u
Is it any wondor that in Tokyo, nnd
the other big cities of Japan a foreigner cun walk along miles of streets
iu which highly-painted young girls
willing to sell themselves for certain
purposes are displayed in the open windows in the same fashion as dress models arc displayed in the principal thoroughfares o^ a western city?
It is s.ich economic nnd social attractions as these thnt Japan hns to
offer in return for what it demands for
its nationals who may come to Canada
or Amorica.
Australia Locked the Door.
And the threat of international
trouble has been rnised by the Japanoso
consul should these demands be denied
her. Australia, as is well-known, received similar demands and similar
threats years ago, aud replied by locking the door altogether against nny
Asiatic or colorod labor. The Commonwealth was driven to take the stand to
preserve her own high standard of economic and social conditions. The sight
of British and American girls working
hero in Vancouver ' dining-roomB for
Asiatics for a mere pittance insufficient
to keep thomselves honestly, nnd nt
times to suffer the abuse of an Asiatic
employer, is not edifying and should
not bo tolerated in any British community. It is nn avenue of employment for
tho social reformer.
Will Mr. Abe Please Answer?
The Jnpaneso consul also reminded
the licensing commission that Japan is
un ally of Great Britain's, and that her
entry into the war was "not for material advantage, but as implementing her
ngreement with Great Britain." The
question of the war 'is a side issue to
the genoral discussion of the problem
under review, but as it has been introduced by the consul, perhaps Mr. Abe
will assist the publie to realize the part
which Japan has really played in the
struggle by answering a few more direct questions:
1. Regarding the true war feeling in
Japan. Js it not a fact that the Japanese press practically without exception
publish articles almost daily criticising
and attacking Great Britain and lauding the strength of Germnny? Is it not
n fact that these attacks have-beeu frequently brought under the notice of the
foreign office by Britishers (including
the present writer), nnd that no steps
In Canada It's the Sheriff—
In Australia the Censor,
So What's the Use?
All Governments Seem Alike
When Dealing With
Workers' Papers
currency, with work from daylight until
dark. At this munificent rate a foreigner could earn in regular omploymont
j.ist sufficient monoy to pay for a bod
oaco evory live nights in tho cheapest
possible hotel run iu foreign style without ever having a cent to pay for a
Japanese Window Displays,
Thon let us look at the case of female
workers—factory hands and the like.
The Japnnoso consul will no doubt recall that some time ago, for thc first
time in the history of the eountry I believe, a factory law was passed in Jtipnn
hul its provisions were regarded as so
drastic that manufacturers were given
Established 1903
Established 1904
We operate our own distillery
at New Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar mnking aro prepared with
great care from tho best selected
grains that money can buy.
Don't forget when ordering
from your grocer to ask for the
B. C. article.
Vinegar Works
Telephone High. 285
whatever have ever boen taken to oxcV
cise any censorship in this matter, although censorship of tho press is freely
exercised by the government in regard
to other maters concerning itself?
2. Is it not n fact that the Jnpant-se
press is almost unanimously opposed to
any renewal of the Anglo-Jnpanese Alliance on the alleged ground thnt it has
never been of any service to Japan, und
that nil tho benefits under it hnvo gone
to Great Britain?
3. Is it not a fact that as a result of
the attacks on Great Britain, a reply
covering 2Vj eolumns was written by
Mr. Donald Fraser, Peking corrospon
denl of tho London Times, and published as an editorial under his name in
the Japan Advertiser, Tokyo, early this
year, with the heading "is Japan Superior?"
■I. Is it not a fact that when the
Germans in China were busily engaged
trying to cause trouble in India and
China was invited by Great Britain.
France and llussiu In join tho Allies as
a non-combatant, Japan protested, and
the matter was allowed to drop?
5. Is it not n fact thnt Japan refused also to apply the trading with the
enemy law to Japan and thnt the
Deutsclie-Asintiselie nnd other German
banks there arc still doing uninterrupted business?
fi. Is it not a fact that' (probably as
a result of these attacks) in spite of
the Anglo-Japnnese Alliance, which
was to have freed the British ships
from duty iu fnr eastern waters iu case
of emergency, British cruisers have for
ninny months past been pntrolling tliOSQ
waters and taking Germans and other
enemy nationals off ships oa the high
seas, Including the Tenyo Muni and
othor Japanese vessels: nnd have not
the Japanese newspapers abused Crrat
Britain for her so-called audacity in
pulling up Japanese ships on the high
7. Is there n single ship in nny port
in Japan captured as a prize by the
Japanese navy? (Tt may here be mentioned that in Japan full credit is
claimed fur the Falkland Island victory.
The Gorman ships snw the Japanese
fleet, and rather than fight took flight,
nnd while fleeing, ran into the British
trap and were annihilated. Hence the
Japanoso victory.)
8. Kegarding Tsingfau, is not n fact
that the renl object of Jnpnn was to
acquire for herself this valuable slice
of China? Was it not officially sfnted
by Premier Count Okumn and Foreign
Minister ICnto that Tsiugtnu wns to be
taken with the intention of handing it
back to China, and later (when it had
fallen) did the premier and foreign minister not deny emphatically that any
such promise had ever been made?
0. And finally (perhaps only for the
present) were not the prisoners from
Tsingtau interned in Jnpnn allowed to
celebrate the Kaiser's Inst birthday (in
order no doubt to keep Japan in the
good graces of her friend Kniser Wil-
"When a union workman spends tho
dollar for non-union goods he is n traitor to tho union cause just ns much as
a military officer who betrays milifnry
secrets of his country to an cnomy Whnt
more troncherous thing can a wngo-car-
ner do than to throw union workmon
out of employment and give employment to non-union workmon by throwing his purchase on the non-union
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., June 30—(Special
to The Federationist.)—At the present timo tho socialist and Labor press
of Australia is having a particularly
hard time of it, owing to the repressive
methods adopted by the government to
prevont them reaching the people. Indeed "Prussianism" as a byword seems
to have come right hero to Australia.
It hns como to havo a far wider application than to the nature or methodsof
a governments system peculiar to and
distinctive of one particular country.
Just us in the central countries of "Europe, where Prussianism is said to
abound, wo in Australia are bound by
harsh regulations which govern overy
impulse, word and action, even overy
thought. Hero in Australia, thanks to
the opinions of what is known as a
federal crown solicitor, supported by a
postmaster-general, who has rison from
the ranks of tho workers be it said, and
who is turn obeyed by an army of deputies and othor officials seemingly im-
bibod with bureaucratic brutality, harsh
measures are adopted to prevent any
outspoken criticisms reaching tho eyes
of tbo public.
Specific Press Censorship.
But recently n publication, Ross'
Magazine, was prevented from renchlng
tho public because of a chnrge that
should have no consideration in a democratic country—that it was in parts
"blasphemous." Tho same action was
taken against tho International Socialist, Sydney, and other journals, while
the writer hns many charges to lay
against the post office for censorship of
"copy." In the case of Ross' Magazine, an appeal to the law courts did
not advnnee the matter any further,
nnd so two months' issues were destroyed—the owner of tho magazine be- j
ing the loser. In the caso of the International Socialist, the papers, after re-j
maining nt the post office for a full
month, havo been nllowod to pass, but
the. damage has been already done. To
compensate for this pnpor passing
through the post, the publishers have
beea warned that they must' not sell the
paper in the public parks, so they are
up against it whichever wny they turn.
In New Zealand, Toot
In New Zonland the position is much
the same, as the Maorilnnd Worker lias
often pointed out. But in New Zealand
we expected little else, because the
Conservative party is ia power, while
we in Australia} although we suffer in
jiist the same wuy, have a professed
"Labor" party in powor.
The regulation that acts in New Zealand (and it acts in Australia just the
same), is as under:
"No person shall by word, writing
or otherwise, incite, encourage, advise or advocate violence, lawlessness or disorder, or express any seditious intention. No person shall
print, publish, sell, distribute, hnve in
his possession for sale or distribution,
or bring, or cause to be brought or
sent into the country any document
which incites, encourages, advises or
advocates violence, lawlessness, disorder, or expresses any seditious intention,"
In commenting on this regulation, the
editor of the Maorilnnd Worker pointed
out that "every speaker nt a pro-war
meeting advocates violence—as dees
also every pro-war newspaper. Are
these not to be prosecuted? Or tire llTey
nllowed to incite violenco—somewhere
else." To this there was no reply'hy
the government. But Instead such publications as the International Socialist
Roviow and other like papers have been
banned from reaching us. As may well
bo imagined, we aro living in great
times in Australia and New Zealand.
New Converts to
Nabob Coffee
—are joining the Nabob ranks
every day.
Our increased daily coffee
sales show, that Nabob—full
of the best possible coffee
value is forging ahead in an
astonishing manner,
Pooplo are tnlkinu ulimil it in
tin- olubi—in Nip homos—round
ttu- enntp flro—hero. Hut.', ovory-
where  in  British, tiolumhln.
It   is   fur  ymi—Uirim*  will)  ImvQ
novor iiriink nabob—this advortiso-
nn'iit h meant. Don't koop on being sntisiinl with what you nre
using when yonr grocer will gladly
■oil you Nabob.
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non- ||
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what ita name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the  Union  Stamp are
alwayB Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
3. P. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
(Strictly modern), one block from Labor Temple.   Here, every comfort
awaits you.
Union Cigars and best brands of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe in connection.
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
G. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Never Again!
Will the $20.00 Water
Heaters be sold at
The cost is soaring, but we
bought in time.
You get the benefit by
ordering now.
Every Heater
Carrall and Hastings Phone Sey.
1138 Granville, near Davie 5000 PAGE FOUR
FBIDAY. JULY 14, 1919
Take advantage of its saving opportunities and fill
your future and present reguirements now.
Everything Reduced
with the exception of contract lines and groceries.
Wl^Bildson'sBauCornpans. M
V^   ______ nlmmwiD  \___     nhmwt i eumiJct._***_ ear_namau\ \   ™^
Granville and Georgia Streets
Theatrical  Stage
Employees       ~J*~m™
No. 118,1. A.T.S.E.
Musicians' Union
M. M. P. U. Local 145
Moving Picture
No. 348,1.A.T.S.E.
Federation of
Trades and Labor
Congress of
Trades and Labor
Better Dentistry—
Yon cannot get, than the service,my office affords—the finest equipment
of 'any dental laboratory in the West—every appliance for the important work of putting your teeth in perfect condition—the highest skill of
trained experts in every department—the highest standard for all dental
work—and prices as low as possible with highest quality.
Call in or telephone for an appointment; consultations and advice free.
Hy Schedule of Prices: _,
Oold Crowns, each $ 4.00 Expression Plates; the very
Porcelain Fillings, each    1.00
Porcelain Crowns, each    4.00
Amalgam Fillings, each    1.00
best  10.00
Bridgework, per tooth    4.00
Painless Extraction        50c
Bepairing Plates     60c
Crown and Bridge Specialist
Tuesday and Friday, 7 to 8 Tel. Sey. 3331
When you recognize this aB a
fact you will boost for the products of home industries by cutting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plant ia B. C,
Milk Users!
Fairmont 2624 Fairmont 2624
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
TKe Hillcrest Dairy
Regulars Faring Fairly Well
But Extras Have Thin
Gossip About the "Bullpen"
As Recorded by Union's
[By ,T. 3. G.]
THE MEMBERSHIP of Pioneer Division is building up rapidly ngnin.
quite a number of new mon boing taken
u at oucli meeting, although most of
them don't seem to tultc very kindly fo
the job, the prospects not looking very
right to them.
Boeing thut The Fcdorutionist is in
the hands of ull our members on Friday
aftSrnoon, wo ngnin call thoir attention
to the fnct that there is an important
meeting of thc Medical Attendance ns-
sociation this evening. Mutters of vital
importance to all hands, whether they
be associated with the "medical"
not, ure to be discussed.
Bro. H. McCulIough may be a mighty
fine motorman, but when it comes to
handling a gasoline launch he is hopelessly at,B0aj at least he was tho other
night when he was stalled in the Nnr-
rows with un antiquated typo of motor-
boat. Harry spent the night on the
water, but managed to get home next
morning, with the aid of a Jnpnne.se
fisherman, but too late for his run. To
add insult to injury, he was signed off
as a sleeper when, as he snys, he never
closed his cyos all night.
Another lover of gasoline engines is
Bro. Paterson. Bob wns learning to
drive nn Overland, but couldn't bring
himself to twist the steering wheel
whenever he met a curve.
Speaking nbout autos reminds us that
the ex-editor of The Federationist is a
pntron of thc jitneys, so we nre told.
Surely J. W. W. hasn't forgotten -.'iat
the Street Railwaymen have nn organization.
The soldier that left his house in a
hurry and grabbed his motorman'b cap
instead of his khaki wns none other
than our old friend W. E. Beattie. Bill
has been in the nrmy some time now,
and ean sec very little to choose between in the two uniforms, the principle feature favorable to the khaki is the
fact thnt there is more money in it.
We fully realize our shortcomings regarding doing our bit, but of courso we
can't all go. Now the next best thing
to actually going oneself is to know
somebody thnt has done their bit. We
have been highly honored by being allowed to work on the same car with
one who has returned from military
duty. We cannot find words to express
our admiration on such short acquaint-
ance, but mnybe at Bomc later date we
ahall be allowed to give vent to our feelings. Bro. Schofleld is very modest in
his description of his accomplishments
whilst in the uniform of the king. Being pointed out by so many people ns a
returned soldier seems to make no difference to him—his civilian hat fits him
the same as ever. Seems to us though
he would show up to much better advantage on No. 14 Davie.
Surface and elevated men in Chicago
have secured an increnBe in wages of~l
to 3 cents an hour, thus avoiding n possible walkout.
Correct Collective Nouns,
A gang of elk. A drove of oxen. A
herd of swine. A swarm of bees. A
bevy of quail. A flock of geese. A
wisp of snipo. A enst of hawks. A.
skulk of foxes. A stand of plovers.
A trip of dotterel], A pack of wolves.
A sounder of hogs. A pride of lions.
A. sleuth of bears. A Biege of herons.
A brood of grouse. A troop of monkeys. A building of rooks. A nide of
pheasants, A covey of pnrtridges. A
muster of peacocks. A plump of wild
fowl. A herd or bunch of cattle. A
clattering of doughs. A shoal of herring. A school or "pod" of whales.
A watch of nigh tin gales. A flight of
doves or swallows.
The New
ENTIRELY different to
the ordinary and particularly pleasing are the
new lines just in. The assortment merits the attention of all lovers oi* dainty
Flesh colored mull Nightgowns trimmed with narrow imitation Irish edging
at $2.25, or Valenciennes
lace trimmed at $2.75.
Flesh colored mull Corset
Covers at $1.25.
Flesh colored Envelope
Chemise with hemstitched
front and straps over the
shoulder, at $2.25, or in
embroidered style at $3.50
Flesh colored Drawers at
$1.25 a pair.
White Cambric
In two stylos, made with
double panel, embroidered
and finished with scalloped edge, lengths 34 to 42,
at $1.95 each.
Every Dollar Spent in Union
Products Increases the
Purchasing Power Properly
Used Would Unionize
Many Industries
'HE    TWO   GEEATEST    economic
weapons in the hands of tho workera
Regular Customer.
A pretty young lady went into a
Hustings street music stop the other
dny. Sho tripped up to the countor,
where a new clerk was buBy, nnd in her
sweetest tones asked:
"Havo you 'Kissed Me in the Moonlight?'"
"No! It must hnve been tho man at
tho other counter.   I've only been here
"To know how to give a snub is human—to know how to tnke one is superhuman."
Tho weakness of Labor lies in its ignorance. That is why capitalism is trying its utmost to keep tho workors in
Most men Bavo n bit of time nnd
energy by yielding to a temptation or
a woman first und struggling ngninst
them nfterwarda."
If the dollar is spent for goods bearing the union label, it givcB omploymont
to union workmon. It givoB to the fol*
low unionist in the sister trnde tho support to which ho is entitled and which
he iB naked to give himself."
Refined Service
One Block west of Court Houie.
Use of  Modern Chapel And
Funeral  Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymonr 242B
Vancouver—Offlce and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle St., phone Sey. 8484.
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West. Phone
A Message from Fitzgerald.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Yon certainly ought' to appreciate this letter,
for it is writen in bold defiance of an
army of mosquitoes five million strong
or thereabouts. I hnve just finished
rending Tho Fed*, and wish to thank
you for sending it to mo bo regulnrly
and freely. My gratitude, however, does
not come alone to you, but ia accompanied by that of many other plugs who
even now are asking one another, "Is
Fitz through with The Foderntionist?
You nre, no doubt, well aware that i)5
per cent, of the pntients here are wage
slaves, although many of them aro not
conscious of the fact; and therefore the
weekly visit of a Labor poper is nn
event to be fully appreciated. * * *
Nevertheless we are all descondents of
Oliver Twist, and our battle cry is,
"More nnd More." By the wny, Parm,,
that would not bo a bad motto for all
trade unionists. It has occurred to us
that you receivo, by way of exchango,
Labor papers from other countries, and
if, after you have* done with them, you
would Bend them to us you would please
vory much a number of men wbo nro
patiently waiting tho coming of death.
* * * In conclusion, let me tell you,
Parm, that I was and am duly grieved
by the misfortune which visited you recently. If I were able to utter platitudes, I might sny much to you, but I
hnvo learned, rather late in life perhaps, thnt words unaccompanied by
deeds, are ever fertile.
Gratefully yours,
Tranquille Sanitarium,
Kamloops, B. C, July 8, 1016.
lie at the two extremes of thoir spheres
of action—their collective and individual activity—and one is as relatively
important as tho other if the organized
workera aro fo mako tho most of their
Individual activity with regard to
furthering thc cause of Labor can have
no bettor outlet than in popularizing
the Union Label, both that of our own
craft and all othors, spreading tho light
whenever and wherever possible, says
Tho Carpontor.
Campaign Should Begin at Home,
Support of the Union Label, liko eli
ity, should begin at homo, and the home
of each and overy worker should bo a
clearing house for Union Lnbel goods.
If such were universally the caso a
demand for union products would* be
created which would force thousands
of manufacturers to organize their fac-
tories and an impetus would bo given to
the work of organization scarcely possi
bio to estimate.
In Union There Is Strength.
The more act of oxercisiug choice of
selection by demanding an article of
union labor manufacture in preference
to any other may seem of itaolf trivial
and insignificant, but when one takes
into consideration similar action on the
part of tho more than two million trnde
unionists on this continent and their
families in their dnily purchases, it assumes formidable proportions.
Furthermore, tho economic value of
tho Union Label should bo brought
homo to tho families of all wnge
Children should bo given a trado
union training in this respect and thc
fact impressed upon thom that overy
dollar added to the wages of their pnr
ent bears a direct connection with the
demand for tho union article To nrouBG
interest in the causo of Labor in tho impressionable years of a child'a lifo enn-
not fail to have a beneficial effect and
much good will result from it.
Little Demand for Label Now.
Retail doalers when ordering goods
from manufacturers today, in the great
majority of cases, pay acant attention
to the Union Labol, for tho demand for
it has not been sufficiently great to
warrant their giving it much consideration. Yet a few families demanding
union-made bread from a grocer or
■union-made shoes or wearing apparel in
a dry goods store can have the desired
Wide-awake merchants are usually
reBponsive to the needs of their customers and such a demand will, in most
cases, impel them to lay in a union
brand of goods next time.
When Need for Label Exists.
It is on household goods, wearing apparel and the lesser merchandise of
home consumption that there is greatest
need for the Union Label, for thore ia
less organization in the mills and fnctories where theae are turned nut nnd
much moro sweated labor and ndverse
Keep Everlastingly At It.
Thoro should bo no let-up in the fight
for tho Union Labol nnd in our efforts
to create a demand for it everywhere.
It is our roadiost economic weapon. No
expense is attached to tho work of popularizing it, and everyone, old and
young, can tnke a hand.
Aid, co-oporation, sympathy and en-
thusinsm lire needed, however, in order
to obtain the best results and an obligation rests upon all trade unionists to
do their pnrt willingly and cheerfully.
[By Emanuel Julius]
If you say "don't hurt business,"
you aro called a sound conservative, re-
spectablo citizen. But if you say "do
not lot business hurt the peoplo," you
uro n dangerous agitator who seeka to
undermine the institutions of Bociety.
Georgo Washington put it correctly
whon, in n letter to Lafayette, he
wrote: "It really ib a very strange
thing that there should not be room in
the world for men to live without cutting ono another's throats."
Militarism Means Magnificent Melons for Morgan.
After we hnve civilization civilized,
it will bc time enough to go after the
so-called heathen.
Telling an underpaid wnge slave to
bo thrifty whilo his employer grows
richer every day (despite endless waste
nnd costly luxuries) is an insult.
Tho two old political parties are as
much alike aa a pair of peas.
Hero's a recipe for making good
wngo fllavea: Take ilve foot flix of ordinary muscle and bono (with juat enough
bonohead to mnke Hennery invulnerable
to the ideas of socialiBm), plenty of
patriotism, a belief that it ia perfectly
ethical for tho capitalists to own privately what tho pooplo need, and the
opinion thnt unless tho workors aro vory
poor thoy wouldn't do any work. Mix
woll together. Add the following: Opposition to any workingmen who strive
for bettor living conditions' hatred for
nny one who want's tho producers to got
the full aocinl value of their labor. Tako
this mcsR and put it over a alow tiro.
Lot it ainnner. Benson with plenty of
beliefs thnt tho old parties will do something for lnbor after they have finished
doing their bit for capital. Garnish
with a liberal rose of capitalist newspapers so that the dish will acquire its
proper heaviness. Give it a little flag
and plnco it in n preparedness parnde.
Sorvo hot on election day.
Mr. Dooloy, apeaking of poverty, snid
that'' wan iv th' strnngest things about
lifo is that th' poor, who need th'
money th'.worst, nr-re th' wans thnt
nivor have it."
If people must flght, let thom assault
ignorance, poverty nnd disense. That
would be n good way to sorvo humanity. Killing human beings will nover
mnke this a happior world in which to
Sunday Sailings
Spend Your Suuday on
the Water
loaves .Tolmnon whnrf at 0.30 n.m.
every Sundny for Gowen Point
(W. P.), Eoborts Crook, Wilson
Creek, 8EWIET.T, nnd Hnlf Moon
liny. Upturning, arrive at Vancouver nbout 8 p.m.
This is tho finest outinfj on the
const for picnics, etc. Full pur*
ticulnrs, phono Soy. 4230.
Without Health Life Has Few
Dr. Conway's M.D.
Eliminate  poisons,   impuritios,
uric  neid,  etc.;   ent   tlio proper
fund.   Nature will do tho rest.
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Catarrh,
Kidney, Liver, Stomach troubles.
The M. D. Heath Club meets
every Wednesday at 2.30. Tou
nro welcome.
Sand Shoes, Beach Shoes, Yachting Shoes
For Everyone
Fully prepared to meet every requirement  with   "Fleetfoot"  Shoes,
that have a country-wide reputation for service and satisfaction.
SHOES with non-skid solos.
High cut $1.60
Low cut   $1.46
SHOES, "Fleetfoot" nobby
tread; sizes 2^ to 7.
High cut $1.35
Low cut $1.26
Misses'   sizes,   11   to   2,   high
out $1.25
Low Cot $1.16
Girls' sizes 8 to 10%) high
ont ,...,. $1,16
Low cut $r.oo
Girls'   sizes  3   to    7%;   high
cut   86c
Low cut 76c
with tailored bow, rubbor soleg;
sizes 2% to 7 $1.65
nobby tread soles, blue canvas
uppers; high cut, pair. $1.25
Low out 95c
Boys' sizes, 1 to 5; high cut $1.00
Low eut 85c
Youths' sizes, 11 to 13; high cut
■*   96c
Low cut 76o
Child's sizes, 5 to 8; high cut,
}* 85c
Low out 66c
BOYS' GREY CANVAS OUTING SHOES with loathor trimmings; sizes 1 to 5, for.... $1.95
Sizes 11 to 13 $1.66
mulohide, chrome soles; sizos 8
to 2   $1.86
David Spencer Limited
Good tor ono yoar'a aubaoription to The B.
1/-»C*TTT>    fiAOTlPT   Fodoratloniat   will bo mailed to any ad-
* ^'*»*»"^'V-» outside ot Vancouver elty.)    Order ten to.
_^.^_^^_^^^_^_^_^__    day.    Remit when aold.
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
BAQLEY S SONS, 151 Haatinga Straet Seymour B18
BLOOHBEBOER, F. B„ 819 Broadway Eaat Fairmont 808
BRAND * PERKY, 629 Pender Street, Weat Seymour 2878
BURRARD PUBLISHING  CO.,  711  Seymour Street    Seymou-8580
CLARKE & STUART, 820 Seymour Street    ".Seymour 8
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE. Labor Temple Building Seymonr 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 4S7 Dunamulr Street Seymour 1108
EVANS * HASTING8, Arte tnd Orafla Bid;., Seymour St Seymonr 8860
JEWELL. M. L., 341 Ponder SI      ..       SeySoSr 1444
KERSHAW, J. A., 689 Howe St Seymour 8874
LATTA, R P.. 833 Gore Ave Seymour 1039
MAIN PRINTINO CO.. 8861 Main SI Fairmont 1988
McLEAN * SHOEMAKER, Nortb Vanoouyer N. Van  63
MOORE PRINTINO CO., Cor. Granville and Bobaon Sta Soymour 4843
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 137 Ponder St Seymour 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, Nortb Vancouver N Van  80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Seymour 9592
PEARCE 4 HODOSON, 618 Hamilton Street Seymour 2928
ROEDDE. G. A., 616 Homer Street Seymour 284
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 317 Cambie St Seymour 0609
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 203 Kingewny  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Stroot  Seymour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Haatinge W   ....Seymonr 8620
TIMMS. A. H., 230 Fourteenth Avo. E Fairmont 621R
WESTERN PRESS, 823 Cordova W Seymour 7586
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 331 Dunemulr St Soymonr 8526
WHITE It BINDON, 528 Pender Weet Soymour 1214
Writ* "Union Liber* on Yonr Copy whan Yon Send It to ths Printer
LEADING      Vi\r £i
CHICKEN MULLIGAN      s^____ _Lt.M
704 Robson Street
or more—members of any tradeB union in Canada may have
mailed to their individual addresses for $J a year
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items