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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 3, 1916

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EIGHTH YEAR.   "o. 44
A Lesson to Other Workers
on the Value of Good
No Help for Those Who
Will Refuse to Help
LIKE THEIR confreres in the United
States, the C. V. It. railwaymen have
got what thoy wanted without being
called upon to fight. Thero is no doubt
that the company yielded, the situation
being one in which nothing else could,
bo done. Tho railway unions must be
congratulated on thoir strength. Incidentally, it ia worth noting that we hear
no fulminntions against paid agitators,
trouble breeders, and malcontents, such
as wo lieur when tho weaker unions or
the unorganized workers make a de
maud for better conditions, observes
Tho Voico. In this matter, as in evory
othor, tho world does homage to powor;
it saves its abjse for the weak and defenceless.
Some jealousy of the railwaymen's
success appears to exist among workers.
Thero is talk that the railwaymen were
fat and prosperous anyhow, thut they
had no right to contemplate throwing
the country into chaos fur their own
•selfish ends, and that they would have
dono better to let the less fortunate
workers get something first. This kind
I' of talk should be stopped. There's nothing in it. It is tree that the railway
unions have to a marked degree held
aloof from the rest of the labor movement, but the union movement as n
wholo keeps aloof from unorganized
labor. Apparently the railway unions
have turned a deaf ear to appeals fur
help. They have said to the rest of the
labor world: "Ho as wo have done, and
you won't need help. Neglect to do so,
and you don't deserve help."
This Beoms heartless. Yet nature
everywhere teaches thnt there is n<
helping those who will not help them
Helves. Of course it is possible to help
peoplo to help themselves, and in failing
to recognize and act on this principle,
the big unions may bc wrong. The fact
remains that the fundamental law of
life is struggle. From one point of
•view, it eaa he argued that it is right
for tho workors to suiter, as long ns they
mnke no intelligent efTort to rid themselves of suffering. If the success of
tho railwaymen in tlieir contest with the
C. P.Tt'sfifhuThlos other unions tt> adopt
thorough methods of organization, n
better thing will have been none for the
working class as a whole than would
hnve beea done lutd the railway unions,
in so-called Christian forbearance, let a
golden opportunity pass by.
When one section of thc workers
makes gains, some people imagine the
position of the rest undergoes a change
for the worse. Nothing could be farther from the truth. If Ihe railway
unions had got nothing out of the C. P.
R., nobody else would either. Higher
wnges come out of dividends and profits. Workers should not be fooled by
tho cry that what one workor gains another hns to lose.
The French government lias decided
to intervene in the matter of the strike
1  of the street railway employees, which
'i{f'jtf«n in PnrlB last week.   It appears
that n cabinet meeting conferred  tho
necessnry powers upon the government
to deal with the matter of taking over
any so-called "public, service whoso con-
tin unt ion is necessary to national safety."   Since when this necessary power
wns not vested in the government is not
known, and grunted  that such  power
(physical) existed, it would seem that
nothing further was required other than
tho disposition to use it. It is quite easy
to understand that no government could
refrain from such aa oxorciso of power
in times of war, when any serious interruption or disturbance   of  industry
might prove fatal.   It then becomes of
immediate expediency, no matter how
great a departure such action may be
from tho usual mode of procedure during times of pence.   Wo fancy that the
power to bo exercised by the French
government in the case mentioned will,
by the end of the war, have beon used
to cover at least all of thc principal industries of the republic, aad that power
will never bo relinquished in favor of
tho interests that formerly directed it.
Wo shall probably find tho entire Euro-
poan world at least, well launched upon
tho sea of a state capitalism thnt will
meet its Waterloo only at the haads of
j a class conscious proletariat, and that
i only at tho expense of a long drawn-out
and bittor figlit upon the field of politics, the only field upon which tho clnss
struggle can be fought.   The control of
tho capitalist stato is tho first goal of
Labor in its struggle for emancipation
! from tho galling chains of bondago to
j capital.   It is a safe bet that tho battle
' between Lnbor and capital will swiftly
resolve itnclf into a struggle for tho control of tho powers of the stnte, immodi-
. ately after the close of tho war.   Tho
workers are surely receiving cnojgh object lessons demonstrating the valuo of
I- such powers, during thoso merry days of
i blood and slaughter.   Ono would scarce
1 imagine it possible thnt such lessons will
• not bring results,
[ Said to Have Gone on Strike for Enforcement of Nanalmo Scale.
It is reported to The Fedorationist
that the coal minors of South Wellington, Vancouver Island, nro out after tho
Nanaimo scalo. At any rate, J. D. McNIven, fedoral labor department representative here, is said to have left for
the strike zone. Evidently the miners
forgot all obout the poor old "Lemon"
Act. j
Where the World's Toilers Are Ground Into Profit for the
Greater Glory of the God of Class Rule—Incidents
and Consequences of the Process of Transforming
Slaves Into Terms of Wealth and World Trade
Vetoes a Resolution Giving
City Workers a Raise
of Wages
One of Bowser's Chore Boys
Valiantly Aids in the
Good Work
N COMPARISON with the modern slave-owning and slave-driving
concerns that now bless the earth with the effulgence oi; their
glory, those of ancient chattel slavery days were the veriest pikers
and their petty undertakings little better than cheap sideshows alongside of the main tent of the circus. The art of owning, driving and
skinning slaves never rose above thc level of a crude, clumsy and awkward process, vulgar and ruffianly in the extreme, until the genius of
man brought thc development of the tools and implements of industry
to the point where they could be harnassed to thc forces of nature,
and these forces he made the servant of man in the attainment of his
ambitions and aims. When the day arrived when all men must of
necessity gather around the implements of industry, whose wheels
were made to turn by forces outside of those of man himself, and
eould obtain their sustenance in no other manner than that of keeping
step only with the machinery of industry, but also witti that of their
fellows, the time had come when the skinning of slaves was to be
raised to thc level of a fine art, and the torture of the victims piously
and plausibly masked beneath the garb of what would pass muster for
many years as the living embodiment of human freedom and human
well-being. The slave eould then bo turned loose to run at will over
the ruling class plantation, commonly called the earth, the masters
knowing full well that he would seek thc protecting shield of the lash
of exploitation and servitude as soon as his stomaoh prompted him to
reach out for food. Whenever these masters required the services of
their slaves, they knew they could always command those services, so
long as they held control and command of the tools and implements
wherewith the necessaries of life were brought forth'by the slaves.
Hence the slave was decked out in thc garb of "free labor." And he
wears it even unto this day.
~* A Great Slave Pen.
While modem civilization is of itself
nothing but a huge slave pea, in which
thc workers are ruthlessly exploited and
tortured for the glory nnd aggrandize
mont of the masters and rulers of the
earth, The Federationist desires in thia
article to moro particularly deal with individual exploiting aad slave-torturing
concern. When tho activities of anyone or more of these delectable concerns
aro pointed out and their results called
to tho attention of men, a picture has
been drawn of civilization as a whole,
Perhaps the greatest of all slave torturing concerns on earth today is tho United States Steel corporation. Its greatness is of courso determined by tho number of slaves it controls and the magnitude of its operations. There is no other
monsuro whereby greatness may be determined during these highly civilized
times. At the big iron mines of the Mo-
saba range in Minnesota, belonging to
the Steel corporation, about 20,000 miners are usually employed. Tho corporation has tnken much pains to equip its
mines with as many different nationalities as possible, so as to bo able to play
oae against the other along tho lino of
national differences, ns 'well ns to make
it difficult for the slaves to engage in
uny common action against their common enemy, the corporation, because of
the difficulty of arriving at a common
understanding through lack of u common language. Driven ro desperation
through the terrific drive of their omploymont und suffering untold hardships
becauso of their scanty wnges, these
thousands of workers of different nationalities and tongues, mostly from
Southern Europe, laid down their tools
some months since and refused to take
them up ngnin unless some of their
grievances were remedied. The; usual
Mil.' of high'htinded brutality and violence upon tho part of tue corporation,
through the medium of its paid thugs,
aided and abet led by all of the public
officials and similnr mercenaries, from
the governor of the state of Minnosota
down, immediately followed. Several
murders have been committed by the
hired th.igs of capital, but no arrests
have yet been made on that account.
The jails have been filled, howover, with
leaders of the striko and others who
have been active on bohalf of the strikers. In another column will be found
brief account of tho main infamies
that have beea already perpetrated
upon these unfortunate slaves of the |
Steel corporation. Seven of them nre
under indictment for tho murder of n
deputy, who was killed by a shot fired
by another of tho snme dirty breed, and
are awaiting trial ia whnt is undoubtedly nn attempt to repeat that ruling clnss
infamy thnt was perpetrated upon the
tvorking class thirty years ngo in the
city of Chicago, ia connection with whnt
was called the "Haymarket nffair." A
tri'iaendous effort is being made by the
workers of the United Stntes to prevent
the judicial murder of these victims of
ruling olass brutality and thirst for ven
geance. The striking workers huve boen
compelled to return to work under tho
(dd conditions, and aro now bending all
of their energies to save their imprison'
ed comrades from tho vengeance of the
Stool magnates.
Canadian Slave Pens,
Slnvo pens are not unknown in Cnnndn. They are even known to exist in
B. C. The only manner in which
these Canadian slave pens differ from
tho big one already referred to on the
other side of the line, is in regard to
size. They nre just as ravenous nftor
the juice of profit that is to be squeezed
only from the quivering flesh of industrial slaves, as aro their larger brethren. They aro just as rapacious and just
as devoid of all human attributes. In
fact they could not be otherwise, for nil
such institutions are but epTtorncs of thc
slnvo civilization of which they aro it
pnrt. The Fedorationist hns frequently
referred to ono particular British Columbia slave pen that may well bo considered at the head of its class as nn
absolutely complete and reckless slave-
skinning und tunning concern. It is in
thc front ranks of tho first clnss, and
except for size, need not tnke a back
seat for thc best of its kia. That concern is known as the Britannia Mines,
d does its skinning und torturing of
slaves at n point not a thousand miles
from thut grent sent of western culture,
tho city of Vancouver. Everything at
Britannia is owned by the company.
Not a living soul, or even an entity
without a soul can set a foot upon the
sucred soil of Britannia Beach without
permission of this delcctnlilo band of
pirates called tho company. Tho term
"sacred soil' 'is used advisedly, for it
is indeed sacred to tho divino purposes
of bringing loot and pelf to the owners
(Continued on pair* 3}
* " weeks ago a resolution was passed
by tho Nelson city council, to give tho
city laborers their old rates, which they
used to have before the war, that is 40c
per hour. All the aldermen voted in
favor of the same. After the resolution
carried, the czar of the city of Nelson,
namely, J. J. Mnlono, mayor, gave the
council u very severe lecture, telling
them how wrong they had done, that it
would have a tondoncy to keep tho capitalists away from investing tlieir money
in Nelson; manufacturers would not
start any inudstries when the rutc of
wnges was so exorbitant, and so on. And
the same gentleman started his underhand work and he has succeeded. Last
night, Monday, Oct. 2'.., 1010, he vetoed
(he nbovo named resolution. Two members of tho council stood true to their
former decision, namely, Aldermen I. A.
Austin aad Alderman A. S. Horswill.
Two others wero abseat, namely, Aid, J.
Bell und Aid. A. Loith, but thc czar
munngod to get Dr. Rose, M. P. P., (one
of W. J. Bowser's chore boys), and Aid.
Cunliffe, to substantiate his veto, consequently tho working men still have tol
tako tho worst end of the stick. The
idea of writing this letter is that tlio
Trades nnd Labor council of Nelson do-
sires to give this matter wide publicity.
Last provincinl election Dr. Boso, who
hns made his pilo by chloroforming the
poor dubs with his soft Bonp, stood on
tho platform in the city of Nelson, tell
ing the people nit the good things he had
dono for tho working men of Nelson,
when he had been mayor, and alderman
of tho city of Nelson, and all he intend
od to do in the future. When his grent
personality, W. J. Bowser, had been so
kind as to mako provision for thom by
giving tho Workmen's Compensation
Act, and all the rest of it, and within a
mouth he has forgotten all what ho hnd
said. The majority of the politicians
generally stand true to their proaiises
for a littlo while. Bnt Dr. Hose hu
them nil skinned, for he hns turned I
bo a iTudus. Even beforo ho has taken
his oath of office. Wc wish you to writ'
a nice article, and give it a placo iu thi
front pnge of your paper, We do not
wish to mnke capital of this political
stab in the buck. This city of Nelson
hus been in the hnnds of the grafters
for n long time, and wo working plugs
desiro to tight thom to n finish. Hoping
to see an article published on tho mat
ter, wc are, yours for n better day,
Aid. I. A. Austin.
Felix Pezerll.
One million dollars was the total revenue derived by Winnipeg's lighting
plant during the past, year, the municipal roport just issued shows, The profits, after deducting funds for the interest on bonds, depreciations, taxes
(which tho city doeB not have to pay),
aad cxtroordinnry contingencies, were
$70,720.07, And the rate to citizens
now is about throe cents a kilowatt
hour for cloctrie, current. The plant now
hns a depreciation reserve of $553,-
770.15. It is valued nt approximately
$7,500,000. Tho power plant is on the
Winnipeg river, 77 mileB out of the city,
and is brought here on high voltage
wires supported on steol towers, In
1000, with a privately-owned illumination plant Winnipeg was paying 20 cents
a kilowatt hour for its current, Today,
under city ownership, the rates run from
3 cents to V* cent.
Ho who does something at the head
of one regiment will eclipse him who
does nothing at the head of a hundred
Union Miner Searched In
Vain for Union Label
Seattle Merchants Specialize
in Union-made Wearing Apparel
"Where cab I buy a
union-made ready-made suit
of clothes and an overcoat?"
This was tho interrogation put to The
Fedorationist by a union minor, down
from the Britannia mines, where he had
been working, "under cover" for some
Such a query looked perfectly easy.
"Why, just go down to any of the
big clothing houses and they will fix
you ap nil right. Here, take a copy of
Thc Federationist along with you as a
purchasing guide."
The shopper returned an hour or two
"Say, man, have you boen trying to
'string' me? Why, I can't got a union-
labelled ready-mado suit of clothes ia
this city! Tried a half-dozen places—
nothing doing. Tho clothing merchants
say thoy can't buy them in Canada. If
that's the caso, here's one caso where
Canada loses. I'm going to Seattle tonight und will outfit there, whero n
trade unionist can get fixed up with
union-made goods from head to foot. No
II'm not tuking the money out of tho
country I earned it in. I dug cuough
ore up thero to equalize thnt score."
"Here, just you wait a minute," interjected The Fedorationist.
Tho telephono was kept humming for
fifteen minutes. No less thnn six clothing merchants wore eommunicnted with.
And sure onough tho union miner wus
There is not a union-made ready-to-
wear suit of clothes'or overcoat obtainable in Vancouver.
A careful perusal of the clothing manufacturers using labels of unions ufliliat-
ed with Ihe Union Label Trades Department of the American Federation of
Labor, issued in September, showed
quite a number listed for Canadn, Bnt
in most cases they appear to bo shirt or
overall manufactures, or "jpecial order " houses.
At nny rato, the above aro the facts.
Such a condition shows either a lax
ness on the pnrt of Vancouver unionists
who wear rcady-to-wenr clothing, or
shortsightedness on the part of tho
clothing merchants, or both.
It's nbout time it. was possible lo buy
union-made ready-to-wenr clothing in
The first merchant who can announce
such a sale can do so free of charge for
one week, in a quarter-page advt.
The Fedorationist.
Old Women of Both Sexes Make Big Noise About High
Cost of Living—Remarkable Intelligence Manifested
in Dealing With the Problem—Blind to Underlying Cause All They Do Is Whine and Squawk
(In VtncouvtrX
 Clty_<2,0Q_J     a
Enrolling New Members At a Very Satisfactory Rate.
The machinists' organizing campaign
in British Columbia is progressing very
favorably. Now members aro being enrolled daily. Local lodges will likely be
organized in Prince Buport und New
Westminster. There hns been repented
requests for locals from Doth cities for
somo time, and now thut there nre sufficient machinists in both to maintain
lodges, charters will likely bc grunted.
Aa open mooting will be held in room
300, Labor Temple, oa Saturday evening
at 8 o'clock, to which all machinists nnd
tonlmukers are invited.
Organize a Real International Union
and Will Make Demands.
The civic firemen of Victoria have organized a real union during tho past
week, a work in which tho Capital City
central lnbor body co-operated. They
are going to set out to get a few grievances put right. It will be interesting
to watch results, ns compnred with the
Vancouver way.
Here It Is "Canadian" Unions.
"Dual labor unions nre n source of
trouble wherever they exist," snys John
A. O'Counoll, secretary of Ihe Snn Fran-
cisco Lubor council, in discussing the
sabjoflti Now, every union in Snn Francisco Ib affiliated to the American Feder
ation of Labor, subject to thc rules nnd
regulations of thc parent body, which
means unity and harmony."
The Dolmonloo Caio, a whisper off
Granville, on Robson street, is one of
thc best union houses in Vnncouvor.
Try it out—just onco.
SUNDAY, Nov. 5—Moving Picture Operntors; Bnrtenders.
MONDAY, Nov. 0—Boilermakers;
Brewery Workers; Tailors;
Electrical Workers, No. 213;
Streot Rallwaymen's Executive.
TUESDAY, Nov. 7—Cignrmnk-
ers;.Ruilway Firemen; Amalgamated Curpenters.
WEDNESDAY, f?ov. 8—Stereotypers; Street Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, Nov. 0—Milk Wagon Drivers; Machinists; Horseshoers; Sheet Metal Workers.
FRIDAY, Nov, 10—
SATURDAY, Nov. 11—Bakers.
Showing How Extravagance
of Wage Slaves Is
Why Patriotic Fund Beggars
Should Discover the
Going Good
THE FEDERATIONIST believes it was Sydney Smith who used to
tell of a certain Mrs. Partington, at Sidmouth, England, who at
the time of the great flood and high tide of 1824, tried to keep the
tide out of hor house with a mop. This led B. P. Shillaber, an American humorist, to bring fame to thc house of Partington, by using the
good old woman and her futile attempt to cope with a problem of
whicli, in her innocence, she knew nothing, around which to weave a
lot of sound though homely philosophy, and as a means of pointing
out the equally absurd antics of other innocent ones who attempt to
deal with problems, the nature and cause of which they are fully as
ignorant as was Mrs. Partington of the tide tbat encroached upon her
domicile. Shillaber's old "Mrs. Partington" became famous, and her
attempt to sweep back the tide with a mop, became a synonym for any
attempt of ignorance to accomplish the impossible. And Mrs. Partington still lives and wields her mop. As proof of it, one needs but to
make note of the world-absorbing problem of the "high cost of living," and give ear to the wails and squawks of protest against it.
Then follow this up by careful observation of the efforts put forth to
cope with this oncoming tide of increasing prices, and if it does not
lead one to a movie reproduction of good old Mrs. Partington and her
mop, wrestling with the tide that flowed over her doorsill, The Federationist will confess that as a critique of picture shows, it is not a
Things As They Are. +
The witty Scrimshaw likened the public to a long-eared ass, endowed with
just sufficient intelligence to bray most
dolorously whenever he felt that way,
but not enough to enablo him to lift
himself out of thc dull and gloomy atmosphere that bred tho melancholia
that could find vent only by such dolor
ous expression. B.it whether the simile
is a .fitting onc or not, must be left to
the individual judgment of those human
molecules that together constitute the
aforesaid long-cared ass. However,
thore is an almost universal bray of
protest in consequence of tho alleged
"high cost of living," and nil sorts of
suggestions nro offered in thc way of
remedy. But to be absolutely honest
und fair about it, there does not appear
to bo any legitimnto or reasonable
grounds for such protest. Under tlu
present system of property, food, cloth
ing, shelter, tools, implements, Innd, in
fact evorythiag that could be mentioned
that in any manner enters into tho daily
life and needs of the great human family, belongs to whoever may havo obtained possession thereof, provided such
possession has boon obtained in accordance with the legal requirements that
havo been duly made and provided
therefor. Now it is no ono's business
but that of the owner ns to whnt price
tho snid owner may demand for that
which is his. His right aud title thereto has been vested iu him by und with
the consent of his fellows, und every in
stitution that flows from tho basic one
of proporty rights, protects und defends
that basic principle, or it might be more
correct to sny, conforms to it. No owner
can wrong uny other person by nsking
any price he may choose for his property. Thc obligation does not rest with
the owner, but on the contrary, with he
who desires to become thc owner and
possessor. If he desires to become tho
owner nnd possessor, it devolves upon
him to come through with whatever
price thc present, owner mny demnnd.
And no wrong can be porpol ruled open
Ihe would-be owner, no matter how high
the price demunded. If | ho thinks the
price too high, he is not compelled to
mnke the purchase. If his necessities
ure sueh ns to force him to pny the price
mi (I tnke the goods or property in order
to save his life or that of his family,
thnt is his own fault, und uot thut of he
from whom the purchase is mnde. Thut
is the theory of tho present system of
property, and it is gross impudence upon
the pui't of ils upholders and defenders
to offer nny objections to its wurkiug
out strictly iu accordance with that theory. They who insist on maintaining
the game which nil must play, should at
least have tbo decency to accept the
consequences of thut game without
squealing. At least that is the way it
ought to be, but it isn't.
Things As They Are.
Those persons and concerns who nre
in u position to obtain control of the
food, clothing aad other things requisite
to human existence, ure reaping huge
returns as a consequence of this war,
nnd thc high prices that have resulted
therefrom, Il is to thc interest of nil
such thui prices should go as high as
possible, for lo reap fortunes is thu high-
st and most worthy ambition foslercd
by the present system of properly und
ullli production. That the public, or
ut least thnt pari of it outside of the.
'I, should be pinched for sustenance
through high prices, and thai many
should be absolutely forced to sturvn-
tion, by no moans dctmcts from the
merit of that ambition, for it is one thut
'mild be fostered by no other method
than ihut of ihe robbery and starvation
of its victims. Prices have already
reached a level where it becomes almost
impossible for millions of working pen-
to eke out an existence upon their
nnrrow wages. And not u suggestion
hns yet been offered thnt even promises
relief. Governments arc called upon to
prices, or to Inaugurate investigations and mnke public revelation of the
lusturdly work of alleged price manipulators and food speculators, with the
ivident oxpoottttion that such price fix-
ug will introduce the millcninm, or thc
publicity stunt shame the profit-making
gentry into reducing tho price of breakfast food, corned beef and cnhliuge und
soup bones. AH of which again culls up
memories of Mrs. Partington nnd her
Trnde,  thut  overmastering  obsession
f tho ngO, nn obsession born of slnvery
nnd forced by Ihe necessity of disposing
of the plunder tnken from tho slaves,
tolls nbout all there js to tell in regard
to these high prices that everybody is
Squawking about.    There has  been  no
hortago of crops or anything else, nny-
whero outside of the countries lhat are
nt war, since thut eminently civilized
performance broke out. But nevertheless, all countries nro suffering from a
scarcity of necessary things, or whnt is
iqulvaiont   thereto,  in  the  nhapo  of
prices so high as to ho nil but prohibitive to grent masses of the people.   Mil-
(Continued on page 4)
At a time whon thc government ex
peels workingmen to assume the responsibility of financing patriotic funds,
which itself is in duty bound to provide
for, and at a timo when no effort is be
ing mnde to protect pay-triotic profiteers
from taking advantage of tho nccessi
tics of those left in Canada, the follow
lag comparisons in prices may be of
some value. They were secured by The
Federationist nt random from tho wifo
of a trades unionist and the mother of
six children. Tho wages of the breadwinner in that household huve not been
increased uny of lute. If he nnd his fol
low unionists were to try and do so, thc
federal department of Labor would pro
bubly break ull records in attempting to
stop the striko.
Article. Aug. 1 Nov, ]
Flour, best, grades $1,60   $2.80
Eggs, new laid 30     1.00
Eggs, case  25       .05
Butter, per lb., fit to eat 33^    .45
Ham, per lb 30       .-10
Bacon, per lb :t0   40-15
Beef, roast, per lb 15
Sugar, granulated, IS-lb. sk. 1.00
Potatoes, per 100-tt). suck 05
Milk, nine quarts for	
(Old price, 10 qts for $1.)
Rolled Oats, 7-lb. sack 25
Coffee, per lb ,'[5
Tea, per lb ,"10
Tomatoes, per can  \2\_
Salmon, per enn  15
Vinegar, per gnllon  45
Coul, per ton  7.50
Wood, per load   3.00
Church Taxes, War Widows
Are Coming and the
Patriotic Fund
  ' \
Chinese Labor, Safety Zones
Reports and Other
"Mankind has suffered the prodigious
iseries that this war lias brought upon
us mainly because human beings in general have come to love their countries
more than they love God nnd His laws.
This is tlio great Spiritual evil of our
time, un immoderate putriotism which
has set ilself in tho place of religion,
nnd gives tn the state an authority
which might only to bc given to Ood.
Patriotism within morul limits is a great
ance On individual selfishness; but
this exaggeration of it is deadly to
Christianity." These words arc not the
lags of a pro-German nnti-Conserip-
tionist. They were written a few weeks
ago by Lord Hugh Cecil ami published
in the church Times.
If England in her pursuit of victory
is going to sacrifice nil her ideals, then
whatever the wording of thc treaty of
peace, Englnnd will emerge defeated,
lost to fume and use. Tho lads who
went out to light in those first golden
days; the lads, the men who hnve followed them in a steady Btronm, putting
asldo nil selfish ends, went out to fight
for high Ideals, It is not thoy who have
clamored for the persecution of the
wcuk, for the Btirring up of strife under
(lie plen of "Equality of Sacrifice."
They made their snerifice without any
qualification; were proud nnd glad to
mnke it. They made it dreaming of nn
England, great and free, rooted in the
ossontial rights of man, watered by the
kindly dews of Immunity. It seems to
me sonieliiues us if nil thnl was worth
huving in England was out there, mud-
bakod and soaked in the shell-ridden
trenches—as if everything that wns
mean und poor and roltcn hnd been left
behind nnd wus having the lime of its
life. Surely nmong us, old men anil women though we be, there cnn be mustered enough to keep this fair land of ours
sane und sweet nnd wholesome against
Iheir coming buck. Since they went out
our reactionaries hnve crept from tehir
holes and corners. They nre seeking to
turn liberty-loving England info a drilled nnd soulless Prussia. We hnve got
to meet ami fight them. That is our
war over here. We have got. to keep
the fires of freedom still b.irnlng.—Jerome K, Jerome, in Lloyds' Weekly.
Premier Bowser will give way to
Premier-elect Brewster during the coming week.
Apparently the ilrst shot of the approaching municipal campaign was fired
at last night's regular meeting of the
Trades and Labor council.
Questions for Candidates.
After a few introductory remarks by
Delegates Midgley and Knowles, who
moved tho following resolutions, thoy
were adopted by the council:
" Resolved—That the secretary be instructed to submit to all candidates for
civic office the following list of questions:
No. 1. Are you in favor of restoring
tho minimum wage of 37% cents per
hour, and tho strict enforcement of the
44-hour week on all municipal work.
This to include all day labor and contract work?
'' No. 2. Are you in favor of the abolition of contract work and the substitution of day labor on all municipal workf
'' No, 3. Aro you in favor of the abolition of property qualification for civic
"No. 4. Aro you in favor of electing
aldermen at large, instead of by wards,
and by a system of proportional repre-
Dol. Benson said thnt there was a
movement on foot to exempt church property from taxation. "Let us also know
whero the aldermen stand on this question," ho said.
After a lengthy discission, it wns decided to oppose exemption of taxation
of churches; that the city council and
provincial legislature bo so informed.
Ono delegato voted "no."
Widows Coming.
Delegato Dodds drew attention to the
fact thut tho Salvation Army in the OM
Country wore about to send 5000 war
widows to Canada at an expense of
£00,000. Ho contended that this was unfair to labor and should be stopped.
Delegate Nagle thought that if the
widows brought that sum of monoy with
thorn, that there should be no objection.
Patriotic Pond.
Thou Delegute Bigby raised the question of how the patriotic fund waa
raised and disbursed. President He Vety
explained that ono motive of the fund
was principally directed towards providing pensions for widows of soldiers killed at the front until at s.n.h times as
the war wus over. Forms wero furnished by the management of the patriotic
fund to applicants which wero required
to bc filled out as to their financial positions aud needs. Wives and widows of
soldiers woro theu provided for as thoir
circumstances warranted, and special allowances were made, such ns for rent,
food, medical attendance, etc. Thus
somo 4000 women were looked ufler in
this city, Thero were certain rules laid
down by the investigating committee as
to tho status of married women, sucb an
producing their marriage certificates,
and nlso statements showing tbe dates
of births of their children. It was
fund that in all cases that thiB was not
possible, but so long as it was proven
that a soldier and his wife lived together she miih looked aftor, thoujh
they hailed from Johannesburg or Australia. The resolution of the committee*
ia charge of thc patriotic fund aimed
only to help widows of non-c oui missioned ollicers and meu. The depeudents of
commissioned oflicers received no money
from this source.
Jitneys vs. Trams.
Delegute Bigby took exception to the
statement Aid. Gale made to tho city
council in effect that the street curs
tried to race tho jitneys. This wus not
so, as the cars were ull run on schedule
Chink Garment Workers.
In regard to the question of Chinese
being employed as garment workers,
raised by Delegate Welsh, tho presidont
stated that Gait Brothers employed a
mixed crew, while McKay. Smith 4
Blair sent out work to Orientals, lt
was further stated thnt thc demand for
shop operator's eould not bo met, let
alone Chinese who took the places of
women. Shops were working full time,
aud the linns were willing to instill
more niuchincs if operntors could bo got.
The Federationist Scored.
Delegate Benson took exception to the
editorial policy of The Foderulionist,
particularly to an article appearing on
October 20, ro the patriotic fund. "Scar-
rilo.is sheet" wns the only name he
could apply to tho puper. A resolution
to appoint a committee to confer with
the managing committee was not entertained.
Safety Zones.
Delegate Bigby said that he held no
brief for Aid. Gale or tho B. C. Electric
Bailway company, thnt the city council
treated ns a joke, pure nnd simplo, the
proposed "safety zones" for passengers
(in si reel cars against vehicular traffic
on Ihe streets. This was an unfair attitudo of the city council.
Reports of Unions.
Dcb'gnte Nagle, for tho painters, reported all hands as working during thc
past couple of weeks. Outlook uncertain.
Delegate Swurtz, for the Cigarmakers, reported trade active. The products
of Brenner Brothers, London, Out., were
unfair to union labor.
President McVety stnted that the
local union of Steam and Operating Engineers had again applied to headquarters for affiliation,
New Delegates.
Browery Workors—B. N. Myles und
A. Sykes.
Printing Pressmen—S. Vernon,
Paintors—Daniel Leamon,
Adjourned 10:30 p.m. PAGE TWO
..November 3, 1916
Asseta ..
Deposits *
, 108,000,000
.   48,000,000
Household Banking
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Intorost is
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid np Mpl'al..*
Reserve  toni   ....
Corner Hwttngs and Cambie SU.
If you are interested
in securing a free 160-
acre homestead along
the new P. G. E. Railway, in the fertile valleys of Northern British
Columbia write for particulars to DRAWER 3,
cio Federationist, Room
217, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver.
We Will Make Terms to
Suit You
Come in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture is
Brltiih Colombia.
Malleable   Bangui,   Shelf   and
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and wlndom.
2337 MAIN ST. Paone. Fair, ta
Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stook and
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Grants Preemptions of 190 aeres
to Actual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three years; improvements to the extent of $5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least five aeres.
For further information apply to
Published every Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
iTpannTpettlpiece -Manager
Office:  Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription:   if 1.60 per year;   in Vancouver
City,  $2.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
Now Westminster. W. Yates, Box 1021
Princo Rupert .TV. E, Denning, Box 531
Victoria A. 8. Wolls, Box 1538
'Unity of labor: the Hope of the World"
FRIDAY November '6, 1910
its working force in the Labor market
upon the same basis and in accord with
those time-honored customs and practices that have long brought success to
business men and satisfaction to the
pawns upon the chesBbourd of exploitation, trade and profit. The workers
could understand war if carried on upon
a wage basis alone. And that they
would pro.ve more capable and efficient
warriors than when left to the uncertain
explosive force of patriotism, seems to
bo a reasonable expectation, At any
rate we are heartily in favor of the conscription of wealth for war purposes.
Let none dare assort that our impecunious condition in any manner influences
our judgment.   Perish the thought.
THERE WAS ono resolution passed
by the recent Trade Union Congress  at Birmingham, the .significance and valuo of which wo fancy has
been largely   overlooked   by   both thc
capitalist and Labor
An Improved
Alberta Homestead
(160 acres)
Near Edmonton
FOB ONLY $2,000
(easy terms)
For full particulars write Drawer
6, C|o B, 0. Pederationiat, Labor
Temple, Vancouver.
A WAY OUT press.    That is the
OP THE resolution   instruct
DIFFICULTY. ing tho parliamentary committeo of
the Congross to demand of the government the conscription of wealth for the
purposes of war. The grounds upon
which this demand is bused are thut us
the manhood of the nation hus been conscripted to resist foreign aggression, the
maintenance of freedom, and the protection of capital, the conscription of
the accumulated wealth of the country
becomes necessary in order to defray tho
expense of carrying on the war, and
thus avoid incurring huge loans with
their terrific burden of interest for future generations to pay. Those grounds
Appear to be ample for thc justification
of the demand. If the war is being
fought for the purposes aa set forth,
why should not the accumulated wealth
of the country be the first thing to be
conscripted in its own defense? And
surely no one is sufficiently blind to
facts as to assert that the war is being
fought for any other reason or purpose,
in any of the belligerent countries. Not
by the wildest stretch of the imagination could any sane person even presume that it is being fought on behalf
of, or in the interest of the common
people of any country. Such being the
case, then ia common deconcy they
should be the very laBt to suffer conscription, and the interests to be protected should be the first. In fact the
common herd, the wealth producers,
should not be called upon to serve except of their own free will, such free
will to be guaged by the same measure
that determines that peculiar attribute,
privilege or possibility, in regard to industrial service, that is pay. As nothing
else really counts ia this wealth-worshipping and trade-crazy age but cash
or approved credit, the only reference
books necessary to back the argument
are the cash book and ledger.
* *       *
With the adoption of the scheme of
conscription of wealth, a dazzling prospect is opened up before mankind. An
era of real brotherhood and harmony
would be inaugurated between capital
and Labor. Or at least, whatever ill-
feeling might prevail between them
would be confined to terms of peace,
where their battles could be fought out
without endangering the foundations of
empire or threatening its perpetuity.
For it is well-known to everybody that
the way to secure the servicos of working people for any purpose, good, bad or
indifferent, is to hire them and pay
them. Is there any job on top of earth
that victims of modern slavery cannot
be hired to dol If there is, it certainly
has not yet been discovered. With the
conscription of wealth immediately at
tho outbreak of war, all the human material required to carry out its purposes
could bo at once obtained from the
same source from which the masters of
wealth draw their labor supply in times
of poace. And how much more harmonious, satisfactory and in every way bet
ter tbis would be, than that of forcing
theso workers into war service by conscription, a means of compulsion they
ure not habituated to through years of
experience and, therefore, do not relish.
# *      *
Tho workor is largely a creature of
habit. That which he is used to, ho
likes and he will cling to it like grim
death to a dead coon. Tako tho workers
of Germany, for instance. Wo aro told
that thoy are conscript soldiers, and re
coivo but a fow cents per day for their
services. Of coarse wo know full well
thut they cannot bo fighting becauso
thoy are patriots, for tho very simple
rcuson that no human being could possibly lovo u country rulod by a vicious
militarism of the Prussian brand. True,
the German workers flght fairly well,
but just realize if you can, how much
moro valiantly they would wage their
country's battles if they were only free
men, freely selected from tho Labor
market for tho purpose, at a wago suy a
littlo above the trade union standard.
The higher the wages the moro vigorously and successfully would they wago
their country's fight. It is impossible
for the wago earner to think except in
terms of wuges, and how else could ho
be expected to properly wage buttle.
Psychology, the science of soul, should
not bo overlooked in dealing with bim.
The connection between wnges and waging war should not bo forgotten,
*       *       *
All hail to the duy when the conscription of wealth shall be tho flrst provision for war, not particularly becauso
that might be. an effective deterrent of
war, but bocause it would placo tho art
of war upon the samo firm and sensible
foundation as the industrial arts. It
could then bc carried on along the lines
of any other legitimate business, buying
T LOOKS at present us though tho
anti-conscriptionists of Australia had
won. i The returns, as far ub they are
in, show a majority against tho proposed
measure of about 80,000. True it is that
the soldierB in the
trenches are yet to
vote, and it may be
possible that tlieir
vote will turn tho
scales the other way. And yet, if we
are to believe half wo havo heard of
lifo in the trenches, one would scarce
expect that those who have experienced
it would be so callous and unfeeling us
to desire to wish it on to any one else,
even though it were their worst enemy.
* *       *
That a great deal of rancor' hus been
in evidence during the conscription fight
goes without suying. There has beon
much of bitterness expressed on both
sides to tho controversy. Any one at
all familiar with the history of the military beust will readily understand its
unbridled- ferocity onco it Bmells blood,
and the lengths to which it will go in
order to gratify its passion and appetite
for gore and slaughter. No more dangerous obsession over seized upon the
human brain than that of militarism,
for every people who ever did give way
to it had to pay for their weukness by
the loss of every worthy attribute of
manhood, and a reversion to the cultural
level of the jungle, where claw and
fang were law.
* *       *
One result of the fight has boen to
bring some, of the much-lauded Labor
skates of Australia into the limelight,
and show them up for what they are
really worth. The war, and a trip to
Europe, where he hobnobbed with the
mighty ones of tho earth, and was flattered and cajoled aB only the greasy and
the great know how to do it, proved the
undoing of the premier of Australia, the
Labor promier, so to speak. His pimple
got too big for his shoulders, and caused
him to turn tail to every Labor principle and pledge ho had ever professed.
In spite of all tho efforts of those who
hnd been responsible for ruising him
from the obscure level of a travelling
tinker and itinerant mender of pots and
kettles, to the silk hat and frock coat
of premiership, he fell for the things
that the ruling class, wanted and attempted to force conscription upon his
own constituents, tho working men who
put him in office. Another worthy wolf
in sheep's clothing, the premier of New
South Wales, went the same way and a
general split up of the Labor party has
occurred. Hughes and Holman and a
choice assortment of similar tools and
flunkies of capitalism that have been
posing as Labor men, have been expelled from the Labor party. A number of
Labor members of governmont have
thrown up their portfolios and a conBid-
erable body of parliamentary raombers
havo withdrawn their support from it.
A new Labor party, we understand, is
being formed, and it is to behoped that
it will succeed in steering its craft
along the true and undeviating course
that is mapped out by the class interests
of those who do tho world's work, as
against thoBe who "toil not, neither do
they spin,'' except webs of trouble for
decent folks. The Federationist hopes
that conscription in Australia is definitely beaten and that the Labor movement will rise triumphant over all the
reactionary and traitorous schemes of
such reptileB as may wriggle their way
Into Labor's confidence by means of
pretentious plausibility and gift of gab.
It looks from here as though that is the
way Premier Hughes worked the oracle.
nntion that will leave its soldiers and
their dependents to the tender and uncertain mercies of the charitably inclined, does not afford a prospect calculated
to arouse the heartfelt enthusiasm that
love of country ought to inspire in tho
human breast. And wo believe it is entirely uncalled for in this Empire and
this Dominion, unless both government
and people are lamentably short on self
respect and sense of shame. Wo know
that neither Empire nor Dominion are
broke, therefore there is but one conclusion to be drawn.
It Beoms the campaign on behalf of
contributions to tho putriotie fund is
being us persistently carried on as the
campaign at the front. It has been suggested that its purpose is chiefly to drag
tho cash from those who are amply able
to como through, but do not do so. That
is, it iB a campaign principally against
the financial "slackers." Even such
eminent and able patriots us B. T. Rogers, of sugar refinery fume, and othor
local colobrities of similar calibre, have
been mentioned as manifesting a most
pronounced disposition to uvoid doing
too much in a financial way, presumably
for four of depriving tho cash putriot
of limited means, of the opportunity of
doing his bit. If the cash patriot of
large means should insist in doing it all,
of courso the small fry would be denied
tho opportunity of getting upon tho roll
of honor by the cash route. And there
are a lot of patriots who havo no parti
culnr yearning to get on tho roll by any
other route and most of the big fellows
seem to possess a propensity for getting
there us cheuply as possible at that If
it be true that the campaign for contri
butions to the patriotic fund is being
waged for the purpose of prying somo of
tho big fellows loose from more of their
cash, we suggest that the managers of
scheme cull at this office and obtain
a list of those in Vancouver who pose
as men of affairs and proporty, to the
end that they may direct their energies
in the proper channels, and not be to
the bother of postering underpaid wage
workers and other chronically impecunious ones who aro always short of lucre,
no matter how they may be bubbling
over with patriotic ardor and enthusiasm. The Federationist will furnish a
guide book to the haunts of wealth in
Vaneover that will enable tho patriotic
fund people to save enough in shoe
leather in their collecting, to be of itsolf
a by no means insignificant contribution
to the fund. While wo are unalterably
opposed to this method of raising funds
for a purpose that is, in itself a most
worthy one, we will nevertheless contribute to the success of the fund by the
means suggested. Artemus Ward declared that he "would allow no ono to
outdo him in patriotism," for, said he,
I will even go so fur as to sacrifice all
of my wife's relations upon the altar of
my country." The Federationist will
cheerfully go to that limit* with all thc
ensh that can be gotten out of the pockets of the bourgeois of Vancouver. Here
is a tip for charity-fund collectors: Go
to the big fellows, like B. T. Rogers
and the liko. They have the "dough,"
and they aro making it out of the conditions created by the war. Give them a
chance to do their bit, and at tho sumo
time leave the wage earners and the
semi-Bhabby salaried victims of capitalism alone. They have troubles enough
as it iB, without being further pestered
by charity schemes.
AS HAS beon recently set forth in
theso columns, Tho Fedorationist
holds some rathor pronounced and
Unmistakable views in regard to patriotic  and   all  othor  so-callod  charitable
funds*     We    note,
AS TO however, that none
PATRIOTIC of   theso   organiza
FUNDS. tions   have   ceased
thoir operations as
yet, in deference to those views and
opinions, nor has tho government of
either Empire or Dominion tnken steps
to ussumo thoso responsibilities, which
wo believe overy clear thinking and
right-minded person will udmit they
should assume, thut is of making suitable provision for tho care and sustenance of all of tho victims of this war,
whether such victims aro soldiers who
have been disabled in the service or
their dependents who have been left
without support because of the war. Wo
ngnin insist that theso are responsibilities that no self-respecting governmont
can or will shirk, and ought to be assumed and carried out for the purpose
of preventing itB defenders and their
dependents being subjected to the humiliating experience of functioning ob recipients of charity. A handout is a handout, no matter whether it bo given in
the namo of patriotism, or as sop to a
hobo calculated to steer his footsteps
safely past tho chicken coop, that is
safely for the chickens. But to be compelled to accept a handout is a humiliating experience, nnd to do battle for n
Minister of Labor's Reply.
Editor B. C.  Federationist:   I have
your message as follows:
"Associated PreflB here thiB morning reports you as saying that employeos are not at full liberty to
participate in a strike after an investigation has been had as required by the uct, as the findings of the
board  require  acceptance.    Please
wire statement of your position for
The FedorationiBt."
I havo, of course, never said anything
of the kind. The statement has probably
grown out of tho following facts:   The
railway conductors, trainmen and yardmen of the C. P. R. applied for a board
of conciliation in April, 1914; and nn
award was made signed by tho chairman,
Judgo Gunn, and Mr. Pitblado, representing the company.   The compnny accepted the award so made, the men refused.   Their representatives wrote me
u long letter setting forth tho grounds
of their refusal, but stating that, owing
to tho war, which had commenced only
a few days beforo, and their desire to
do nothing to divide our people in the
great struggle, they did not propose to
tako any action then.   I wroto expressing appreciation of their patriotic sentiments.   And the mutter remained in
abeyance until a little over two'weeks
ngo, when I noticed through the press
that a striko vote was being taken,   I
thon communicated with the men's representative to say that it wbb at least
doubtful whether a strike without a further investigation would be a violation
of tho provisions of the act, and expressing the view that the men. should be
udvised of such doubts before asked to
vote on the question of a Btrike.   I further suggested thnt I would establish
another board, if so desired by either
party, as conditions had very materially
changed since the awnrd was made at
the beginning of August, 1914.
The strike vote proceeded I understand, and u large majority voted in
favor of it, and tho strike has beon
called for 5 o'clock on Wednesday of
thiB week.
I am not without hope that a satisfactory adjustment may yet be reached.
The war ia still on, and I think the
patriotic sentiments expressed by the
men in AugUBt, 1914, should still prompt
them to at least uso every possible effort to avert such a serious matter as
the carrying out of a striko call.
Yours faithfully,
Ottawa, Oct. 24, 191G.
Wo would be glad to quote you rates
on your fire insurance. We are making
a specialty of thia department, and wiU
guarantee you as cheap rates as can be
had, also complete satisfaction in all
your transactions.
690 Richards St. Tsl. Sey. 4434
Short Weight Menace.
Editor B. C. Federationist: I am one
of tho Bhort v right victims in this city
and, like many more, am unable to follow tho "honest weight" scale r.s it
trembles, and my purchase is slid off
before it fiinshes jumping around. The
other night I did some shopping on
Hastings street. In the rush and bustle
1 failed to check up the clerk at the
time, but later verified my suspicion
that I had been short-weighted by having the butter weighed elsewhere, where
proper weights were used, not those of
tho jumping variety. I told my story
to a neighbor who hnd juBt returned
with what he thought was a pound of
cheese. We weighed it and found that
he had three-quarters of a pound. I am
therefore in favor of the appointment
of an inspector of weights and measures.
In the meantime look out for short-
51(88 Bruce Street,
Oct. 29, 1910.
'If you, as a member of a union, do
not demand the union label on your purchases who do you expect will do so!
You surely appreciate what the label
stands for and desire to see it effective.
Then help make it effective. Do not depend upon tho other follow entirely to
mnke it go. Be a consistent union man
und demand it yourself und urge your
friends to do so."
Ask for  Labor  Templt   'Phont  Exchange,
Seymonr   7495   (unleu   otherwise   ittted).
Cooki, Walters, Waitreiiei—Room 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Worken (outside)— E. B. Morriion, Room 207.    Sey. 8510.
Deep Sea Fishermen'! Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenue. Offloe phone, Seymour 4704; reiidenee, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen'! Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey. 6869.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806.
Sailors—W. S. Burni, 213 Halting! itreet
weit.    Sey.   8703.
Street Railway Employeei—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 6000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelanda. Room 208.
[By Charles Maekay]
We want no flag, no flaunting flag, for
liberty to fight;
We want no blaze of murderous guns, to
struggle for the right.
Our   spears   and   swords   aro   printed
words, the mind our battle-plan,
Wo've won such victories before—and
so we shall again.
Tho   greatest   triumphs   sprung   from
force   will   stain   tho   brightest
'Tis not in blood that liborty inscribes
hor civil Iuwb.
Sho writes them on tho peoplo's heart in
language clear und pluin—
Truo  thoughts have moved  the world
before—and so they shnll again.
Wo want no uid of barricade to show a
front to Wrong;
Wo have a citadel in Truth, moro durable and strong,
Calm words, groat thoughts, unflinching
faith have never striv'n in vain;
They've won our battles many a time—
and so they shall again.
Poace, Progress, Knowlodgo, Brotherhood—the ignorant may sneer,
The bad deny; but we rely to seo thoir
triumph near.
No widow's groans shall load our causo,
nor blood of brethren stain;
We've won without such aid before—
and so we shall again.
Charles Maekay was a poet of the
Chartist movement.   Tho first outbreak
of working class solidarity in England.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Royal Grown product!
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
flret and third Thursdays. Executive
board: J nines II. MoVety, president; R. if,
Myloa, vice-president; Victor R. Midgloy,
genoral secrotary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, treaaurer; W. H. Cotterill, statistician; sergcant-at-anns, John Bully; A J
Orawford, Jaa. Campbell, J. Brooks; trustees.
Meets second Monday ln the month.
President, J. McKinnon; secretary. R. H
Neelands, P. p. Box 66,
WhcrouB, God Almighty has given to
every man one mouth to be fed and one
pair of hands adapted to furnish food
for that mouth. If anything can be
proved to be the will of heaven it is
proved by this fact, that the moutlNs
to be fed by thoBe hands without being
interfered with by any other man who
has also his mouth to feed and hiB hands
to labor with. I hold, if tho Almighty
had over made a set of men that should
do all the eating and nono of the work,
he would have mnde them with mouths
only, and no hands, and if He had made
another cluss that He Intended should
do all the work and nono of the oating
He would have made them without
mouths and with all hands.—Abraham
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. B. Neelands, Box 66.
Barbers—8. II. Orant, 1301 7th avenue west.
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Oattell, 2206 Fifteenth Ave.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 18S5 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser,  1151 Howe Btreet.
Brewery Workors—Frank Graham, 2256 12th
avneue west.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brothorhood of Carpentera District Council
—F. L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1167 Hat-wood street. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G.  Savage, 1285 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—M. D,
Jordan, 1060 Granville atreet.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 286 Clark drive,
Olrswnakew—W. H, McQueen, care Kurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 301, Labor Templo.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workora (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Englnoors—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Aloxondor, Labor Templo.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Workers—Mrs, Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue west.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west,
MuRicmns—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Moving Picture Operaton—H. 0. Roddan, P.
0. Box 845.
Ordor of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty street.
Painters—Geo. Weston, Room 80S, Labor
Plumbers — Room 206 % Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8011.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia Bt.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 2278 Fourteen Ave.
west.   Bayvlew 216L.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, North Vancouver, B. 0. "
Quarry Workera—Jamea Hepburn, ears Columbia Hotel.
Seamen's Union—W. 8. Bans, P. 0. Box
Structural Iron Workera—Room 208, Labor
Stonecutters—Jamea   Barbara,   P.   0.   Box
Sheet Metal Workera—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway Employees—A. V. Lofting,
2561 Trinity street,
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Provlnee.
Telegraphers—E. B. Pepnln, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Connell—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box t6.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenue east.
Blacksmiths—Rovelstoke—Jas.  M. Goble,  Y.
M. C. A. Box, Revelstoke, B. 0.
Brewery  Workers—Vancouver—M.  C.  Aus-
tin, 782 7th avenue east, Vancouver, B. C.
Bnrbers—Victoria—G. W. Wood,  1807 Governmont streot, Victoria, B. 0.
Boiler Makers—Vancouver—A. Fra-aer,  1151
Howo Btreet, Vancouver, B. 0.
Boiler Makers—Victoria,  A.  Stewart,  P.  0.
Box 48. Beaumont, P. 0., B. C.
Bookbinders—Victoria — E,    Sturgeon,    141
Eborts Btreet, Victoria, B. 0.
Bookbinders—Vancouvoi^—W.   H.   Cowderay,
1885 34th avenue oast, Vancouver, B, 0.
Brewery   Workers—New   W estminster—Jas.
A. Munday, 834 Columbia streot east. Now
WoBtminBtor, B, C.
Boiler Makers—RovelBtoke—A. McMahon. P.
0. Box 138, Revelstoko, B. 0.
U.   B.   Carpenters—Victoria—W.   Galloway.
Labor Hall, Victoria, B. C. w"Juwa*
A-   S.   U,   B.   CarpentcrB—Victoria—J.   Loy,
P. 0. Box 770, Victoria, \% 0.
U-B- Carpenters—Prince Rupert—F. Salter
P. 0. Box 694, Prince Ruport, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—Robt. Jardlne. P.
0. Box 1008, Nelson, B. C.      -.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—F. Cannell, P. 0
Box 254, Nelson, B. 0,
Cigar  Makers—Vancouver—T.  H.  McQueen
72 Water street, Vnncouver, B. 0.
Cigar   Makers—Victoria—Gus   Roaby,   1255
Pandora street, Victoria.
Electrical Workers—Vancouver—E   H. Morrison, Labor Temple. Vancouver, B, 0.
Electrical   Workers—Vancouver—Room   207,
Labor Temple, Vancouver   B. 0.
Eloctrical Workers—prince Rupert—S. Mas-
Boy P. 0. Box 944, Prince Rupert, B. C.
Eloctrical Workers—Victoria—W. Reid,  536
CociHa road, Victoria, B. C,
Garment   Workers—Vancouver—Mrs.   Helen
Jardlne,   4617   Sophia  street,   South  Vancouver, B. 0.
Horseshoers — Vancouver — Thos     McHugh,
2045 Pino street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Horseshoers—Victoria—R.   S.  Williams,  622
Panrora street, Victoria, B. 0.
Letter  Carriers—Victoria—0.   Siverts,   1278
Denman street, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Victoria—Frank   Varney,   P.
0. Box 1315, Victoria, B. 0.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos.  Nixon,   10
Powell street, Vancouver, B. C.
Longshoremen—Princo Rupert—F.  Aldridge,
P. 0. Box 531, Princo Rupert, B. 0.
Moving^ Picture    Operators—Vancouver—H.
C. Roddan, 2547 McKensle stroot, Vancouver, B. C.
Machinists—Vancouver—J. H. McVety, Labor
Temple, Vancouver,  B. 0.
Machinists—Revelstoke—Robt.   Walkden,   P.
0.  Box 234.  Revelstoke,  B. C.
Machinists—Cranbrook—C. Tyler, Cranbrook,
Machinists—Victoria—D. Bnckenrldgo, 424
Hillside avenue, Victoria, B. C.
Moulders—Victoria—F. A. Rudd, P. 0. Box
31, Beaumont P. 0., B. C.
Moulders—Vancouver—W. H. Cooke, 5fli
Sixth avenuo east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Painters—Victoria—J. Beokott, Labor Hall.
Paper Makers—Powell River—J. E. Me
Grain, Powell River, B.  C.
Pattern Makers—Victoria—Geo. T. Murray,
1048 Sutley atreet, Victoria, B. 0.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—James Campbell, 4869 Argyle Street. Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Vancouvor—H. Mundell, P. 0. Box
1181, Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Victoria—J. Fox, Labor Temple,
Victoria. B. 0.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Rovelstoke—Harry
Parsons, Rovelstoke, B. 0.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Nelson—0. H. Phillips. P. 0. Box 908, Nelaon, B. C.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Vancouver—E. Pover,
614 Hastings street east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Cranbrook—J. Whit-
taker, P. 0. Box 607, Cranbrook, B. C. y
Bro. Railway Carmen—North Bend—John
McDonald. Nnrth Bend. B. 0.
Sheet Metal Workers—Victoria—G. Kreh-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenuo, Victoria, B.C.
Steam Engineers—Victoria—J. Aymer, P. 0.
Box 92, Victoria. B. C.
Stage Em ployoes—Victoria—H, Marsh, Labor
Hall, Victoria, B. 0.
Street Railway Employees—Victoria—R. A.
0.  Dewar,   1237  Johnson  street,  Victoria,
B. C.
Street Railway Employees—New Westminster—W. Yates, P. 0. Box 1021, New Westminster, B. C.
Tenmsters' Union—Fornie—E. Paterson, P.
0. Box 681. Fornie. B. 0.
Trados Council—Vancouver—V. R. Midgley,
Labor Temnle, Vancouver.
Trades Council—Victoria—B. Simmons, P. 0.
Box 302. Victoria, B. 0.
Trades Council — New Westminster — W.
YatPB. P. 0. Box 1021, New Westminster,
B. C.
Tailors—Victoria—E. 0. Christopher, P. 0.
Box 887, Victoria, B. C.
Tile Layers—Victoria—T. King, P. 0. Box
1212, Victoria, B. 0.
Typographical Union—Prince Rupert—A. 0.
Franks, P. 0. Box 1021, Prince Rupert,
B. 0.
Typographical Union—Vernon—W. J. Docke-
ray, P._0. Box 541, Vernon. B. 0,
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. U."
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third
Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, R. N. Myles; secre*
tary. Frank Graham, 2258 Twelfth avenuo
And Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenuo west:
seoretary, A. FraBer, 1151 Howe street.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.r. Presl*
dont, Wm. Small; recording secretary, J.
Brooks; financial secretary, J. H. MoVety.
211 Labor Temple.    Beymour 7495.
BARTENDERS'    LOCAL   No.   076.—Office.
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets flrat
Sunday of each month, President, Jamea
Campbell; flnanclal secretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4752; recording seoretary.
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe HoteVMain atreet.
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Moots 2nd and 4th Todays in the month.
Room 205 Labor Templo. President, L. E
Herritt; socretary. S, H. Grant, 604 Georgia
Meets overy 1st and 3rd Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 307. President, F. .Dickie; cor*
responding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 53;
financial seoretary, W. J, Pipes; buslneas
agent, W. B. Dagnall, Room 215.
Pacific—Moeta at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday,  7  p.m.    Russell  Kearley,  bualneaa
—Meots In Room 205, Labor Temple,
evory Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording secretary, R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; financial
secretary and business agent, E. H, Morrison.
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 88-52—Offlce and hall,
10 Powell streot. Meets every Thursday 8
p.m. Geo. Thomas, business agent; Thomu
Nixon, secretary.
tors' Union, Local 848, I, A. T. S. E. A
M. P, M. 0.—Moots flrst Sunday of each
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President,
J. 0. Lachance: business agent, W. E. Mo*
Cartnoy; flnanclal and corresponding secretary, H. C. Roddan, P. 0. Box 345.
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meots second and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue west; financial aeeretary, J, Campbell, 4869 Argyle
streot: rocordlng secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street.   Phone Bayvlew 2698L.
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Moots Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Presidont, W. H. Cottrell;
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording aeeretary, A. V. Lofting, 2651 Trinity street; financial secretary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 840J Clark drive.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m. President. Francis Williams; vice-president, Mlsa
H. Gutteridge; recording seoretary, C. MoDonald, Box 508; financial secretary, H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 503.
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President. H. C. Benson; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R, H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
ln annual convention In January. Executive officers, 1916-17: President, Jaa. H, MeVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooke, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Slverti;
New Westmlnater, W. Yates; Princo Rupert,
W, E. Thompson, P. 0. Box 158; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart District 36, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-treasu-er, A. 8. Wells, P.
0. Box 1588, Victoria, B. C.
OIL—Meets flrat and third Wednesskli
Labor hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
p.m. President, G. Taylor; secretary, B,
Simmons, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
of America, local 764, New Weatminster.
Meets seeond Sunday of each month at 1*80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
Trades    Council — Princo    Rupert — W.    E,
Thompson, P. 0. Box 158, Princo Rupert,
B. C.
Brotherhood   of   Railway   Trainmen—D.   A.
Munro, 686 Ninth avenue eaat, Vancouver,
B. 0.
United Mine Workers—Thos. Fawkcs, P, 0.
Box 839, Cumberland, B. C.
United Mine Workers—H. Beard, Michel, B.
United Mlno Workers—Thos. Uphill, Pernio,
B. 0.
Unltod Mino Workers—J. Jones,  Corbin,  B.
United  Mlno Workers—A.  McLollan, Nanalmo, B. 0., Jlnglo Pot Mine.
United   Mlno   Workers—J.   H.   Armstrong,
Lmlysmlth, B. C.
Unltod Mine Workers—A. Dean, P, 0. Box
768, Nanalmo, B. 0.
United    Mlno   Workers — James    Bateman,
South Wellington, B. 0.
United Mlno Workors—Brnnno Kaarro, Sointula, B. C.
Western  Feneration  of Miners—W.  B.  Mc-
Isaac. P. 0. Box 506. Ymir, B. 0.
Western Federation of Miners—
W. B. Mclsaac, P. 0. Box 508, Ymlr. B. C.
W. A. Mowlds, P. 0. Box 27, Stewart, B.C.
P. J. Bolman, P. 0. Box 26, Trail, B. 0.
Harry McGregor, VanAnda, B. C.
A. Shilland, Box K, Sandon, B. C.
Kenny Mclnnis, Box 87, Silverton, B. 0.
John Evans, P. 0. Box 294, Phoenix, B. 0.
G. C.  Marshall, P. 0. Box 421, RoBsland,
B. 0.
Jas. Roberts, Moyle, B. C.
J. W. StBwart, Klmberley, B. 0.
T. R. Wllley. P. 0. Box 375, Hedley, B. 0.
Frank   Phillips,   P.   0.   Box   106,  Nelson,
B. C.
W. Lakowood, P. 0. Box 124, Greenwood,
B. 0.
Council—Meeta second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, tn Carpenters' hall. President, S. D. Macdonald; aeoretary, J, J,
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
at eall of preaident, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C, Directors: James Campbell,
president; J. H. MoVety, aecretary-treaaurer;
A. Watchman and A. 8. Wells. R. Parm,
Pettipiece, managing director, Room 217,
Labor Temple.Telephone Seymour 7496.
"If the profit were taken out of war,
war would ceaBe."
. Of America r4Q>*»
Vote agalnat prohibition! Demand personal liberty in choosing what yon will drink.
Ask for thla Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, sa a guarantee that It Is Un-
too Made. Thla to onr Label
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Moeta In convention September of
eaeh year. Executive board: Jaa. 0. Watten,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Vlotoria, B. 0.; James Simpson, Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; socretary-treasuror, P. M. Draper, Drawer 615, Ottawa, Ont.
Coal mining rlghta of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatebewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
ln a portion of the Province of British Colombia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
yean at an annual rental of $1 an sen. Not
more than 2,660 teres will be leased to one.
Applications for leaae must be made by the
applicant In penon to tbe Agent or Sub-Agent
of tbe dlstriot in which the rlghta applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land muat be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and la nnsurveyed territory the
tnot applied for aball be staked by the applicant himself.
Eaeh application 'must be accompanied by
a fee of 15, which will be refunded If the1
rights applied for are not available, bnt not
otherwise. A royalty aball be paid oa ths
merchantable output of the mine at the rata
of five eentk per ton,
Tbe penon operating the mine ahall furnish tbe Agent with sworn returna accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and par the royalty thereon. If
the eoal mining rights an not being operated,
such returns ahould be furnished at least onoe
m year,
The leaae will Include the coal mining
rights only, bnt the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available anrfaee rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the nte or 810 as ten.
For full Information application should W
made to the Seeretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Linda.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B,—Unauthorised pnbllratlon of thla ad*
vartlawnen* wilt not bt paid for—10690    » PBIDAY...
...November 3, 1918
Two More Days of the Big Furniture Sale
Hundreds of pieces of useful FURNITUBE ate marked below factory
today's cost.  Oome in and see for yourself.   A few of our specials for
Saturday appear below:—
$ 2.50 Oak Jardinere Stands	
...» 1.2
...I 1.9
$12.00 Reed Sewing Basket .
$14.50 Solid Mahogany Curate...
$17.50 Fumed Leather Sent Rocker...
$27.50 Mahogany Tea Table	
$30.00 Solid Mahogany Chair	
'"6.50 Fumed Bookcase .
$27.50 Upholstered Choir or Rocker .
$23.50 Fumed China Cabinet 	
$28.00 Fumed Oak Buffet	
$38.50 Golden Oak Buffet	
$45.00 Fumed Corner Cabinet 	
$39.50 Goldon Oak Diners	
$33.50 Fumed Bookcase 	
$78.50 Combination Buffet  	
$21.25 G. O. Dresser	
$45.00 Mahogany Dresner 	
$87.50 Fumed DreBser 	
$77.50 Golden Tnblo .
$110.00 Golden Buffet 	
$250.00 Jacobean Dining Suite .
Granville and Georgia Streets
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade ia a heauthful, nourishing
Pint,        FOR SALE EVERYWHERE       Quart9
$100 per       BREWED AND BOTTLED       $2.00 per
dozen AT THE BREWERY dozen
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used. The
milk comes from the Fraser Biver Valley.
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factoriei—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All -shoes without the Union  Stamp are
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mesb.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.     0. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
Just off the Press
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
In response to a widespread demand, The Federationist has
reproduced the article which appearedSn its Lahor Day issue,
under the above caption,
This little booklet of 64 pages contains a .wealth of information regarding the economic basis of capitalist society, and the
position occupied by the working class within it.
It clears up much that has long confused, not only the
workers themselves, but many otherB who have given thought
to the vexations and anomalies of modern civilization.
It is invaluable to every student of social phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working class.
In lots bf less than 100 copies, per copy, 10 oenta postpaid.
In lots of 100 or more, at 6 cents per oopy.
The B. C. Federationist
Labor Temple, VANCOUVER, B. O.
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, for distribution
among.members, either for sale or otherwise.
$ 2.75 Saddle Seat Diners...
$ 6.60 Leathej Seat Arm Diner S 3.2S
$ 8.60 Spring Beat Booker $ 4.96
$ 8.60 Fumed Eeed Booker $ 6.76
t 9.76 Fumed_ Eooker_ _ $ i
...$ 7.60
..$ 9.96
Trades and labor Council.
Friday, November 6, 1891.
How Chamber of Commerce
Wages War Against
the Workers
Foulest Conspiracy Since the
Haymarket Tragedy
at  Chicago
THIRTY YEARS ago h foar active
and able labor agitators were hanged in the city of Chicago, and three
more were sentenced to imprisonment
for life. The substance of their offending was that they were active and influential in the struggle for an eight-
hour day, .that was then being vigorously waged by the workers of the city. In
order to get these dangerous men, that
is dangerous to ruling class interests, a
bomb was evidently exploded in the
ranks of a police squad that was marching along the street, and one or moro
wero killed. The responsibility for the
crime was fastened upon the labor mon
in question, by meanB of the most flimsy
and palpably perjured evidence ever
produced in any rotton capitalist coart,
or submitted to any hand-picked ruling
claBB jury. So coarse was this work,
and bo glaring the infamy of it, that a
subsequent governor of the state of Illinois, (Altgeld) pardoned the men who
had received life sentoncos. In giving
hiB reasons therefor, Governor Altgeld
roundly excoriated . the entire proceedings, and clearly showed that there was
far more than reasonable grounds for
believing that the bomb had been
thrown by nn agent of the police do
partment for the deliberate purpose of
creating a situation out of which a caso
could be mude that would afford legal
excuse for the murder or imprisonment
of these obnoxious Labor agitators. And
now thirty years later a performance is
being staged in the city of San Francisco that bears a most striking similarity to the Haymarket affair. A bomb
was thrown into a preparedness parade
and several peoplo killed. Four men
prominent and active in the Labor
movement are at once arrested. Also
the wife of one of the men, and who
has been an energetic co-worker with
her husband in his union activities.
Theso Labor people are charged with
tbe crime of having been responsible
for the bomb throwing and consequent
murder of several persons. Ono of them
hns already been tried, found guilty and
givon a life sentence. It is needless to
comment upon the character of -the
court, for it is a ruling class court, and
when that is said, there is nothing further required. This also implies a hand-
picked jury, that is ono selected for the
occasion. As to tho testimony offered,
and the personnel of the witnessos, it is
but necessary to read the following,
sent out by tho International Workers'
Defense league. It speaks for itself.
Tho league will need all the assistance
it can possibly get in order to rescue
these imperilled workers from the clutch
of tho beast of capitalist property that
seeks their lives. Aid should be forthcoming from every worker. It may bo
mentioned right here that every union
in Sun Francisco is represented in tho
league. Let us union men of Vancouver
also answer the call.
1907—"Law and Order''* In San Francisco—1916.
Thero is probably no record of any
important criminal case where a verdict
of guilty was returned on tho evidence
of such an evidently degonernte meleo
of underworld scum as in the Billings
case, first of the bomb cases to bo tried.
It can only bc explained by tho damning
fact that tbe same grasping, degenerate
influences control tho district attorney's
office in San Francisco today as in 1907
in the famoas "Graft Trials."
Behinjl the expert lawyers of tho
trolley magnates," wrote the S. F. Call
of September 2(i, 1907, referring to the
trial of Tiroy L. Ford, street railway
chief counsel, "troops a motley train of
gun-lighters, professional plug-uglies, de
coyB, disreputable ' detectives,' thugs,
women of the half-world, and the wolfish pack of gutter journalism. It must
be indeed u hard case that needs such
Writing of one of these triuls, (Calhoun's) Franklin Hichborn says in his
book, "The System," page 434: "Thero
followed one of the most extraordinary
scenes ever recorded of a court of justice. Tho defendant's attorneys, tho
district attorney, and even tho prisoner
at tho bur openly and contemptuously
defied tho judge (Judgo Wnn P. Lawlor)
on the bench.
Tho district attorney referred to is
Charles M. Fickort, thc same Fickort
who in 191(1 outraged justice by endeavoring to hung five labor peoplo because
tho unionism of Sun Francisco still successfully resists the onslaughts of tho
chamber of commerce. Those who cowered before tho outraged citizenry of
1907 havo now usurped tho courts, nnd
■through professional jurors and jolico-
controlled witnesses, hope to strangle
Billings und his co-defendants. The attempted assassination of Francis Honey
nnd the dynamiting of Supervisor Gallagher's homo in Oakland (a witness
against the Union railroads) aro dupli
eated by tho killing of the pickets, Tom
Olson and Lewis Morey today, tho con
venient bomb explosion to discredit
unionism and tho penning up for slaughter of five innocent lubor people.
The eloquent description by the Cull
of the Calhoan-Ford-Mullully following
of 1907, quoted above, applies precisely
to the personnel of the witnesses and
the hidden wire-pullers of tho cbscb now
on trial here. The sewers of the underworld wero grappled for human ghouls,
without a vestige of honor or shame, all
under tho thumb-screws of tho police,
to swear "to order" so that four working mon and ono woman could bo crucified on the chamber of commerce cross
of greed.
Let us examine tho prosecution forceB
-—one by one:
1. DiBtrict Attorney Charles M. Fickort. Lickspittle of the Calhoun-Ford-
Mullally United Railrond gang, whom
he refused to prosecute on his assumption of office in 1907, arid who now demnnds Tom -Moonoy's lifo becnuso ho
tried to organize tho employees of thiB
samo United Ruilrouds.
2. Martin Swunson, chief detective
of tho Pacific Gns & Electric Co., and
other public utilities, Including tho
Unitod Railroads, who, prior to tho explosion was offering a $5000 bribo to
anyone   who   would   help   to   "job"
Stonecutters   and   Painters'   uni
withdrew from the card system.
George Bartley was elected president,
and Thoa. Oliver, vice-president.
Delegate Harry Brooks reported for
the parliamentary committee, and the
question of nominating Labor candidates for aldermanic honors discussed.
Treasurer Franklin agreed to contest
wurd four.
On motion of Horry Cowan, a vote of
thankB was extended to the Dominion
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
for its reports.
Mooney.    Both Billings and Weinberg
were made—and refused—his offer.
3. Estelle Smith, "star witness,"
charged with the murder of Irene Smith
in Los Angeles on April 2, 1913. Frequently arrested in "red-light" raids in
tne same city. James L. Murphy, her
uncle, in San Quentin penitentiary for
murder. D. J. Kid well, her stepfather,
in Folsom penitentiary for forgery.
Affidavit of Miss Suzanne Dean, social
worker of Fullerton, Orange county,
California, states:
"I know Mrs. Estelle Smith and frequently saw, read to and conversed with
her (then Estelle Mooro) in Los Angeles
county jail during tho Bummer of 1913.
She was thon charged with complicity in
the murder of Irene Smith at 1066 North
Hill Btreet, Loa Angeles, on or about
April 2, 1913. Prior to thia date Estelle
Smith was reputed to have lived illegally with a man named. Bohanon. I have
information and believe that Bohanon
became infatuated with Irene Smith,
that in a quarrel engendered -by this
fact Irene Smith was killed; and that
there were present at the killing EBtelle
Smith, Bohanon, James L. Murphy,
uncle of Estelle Smith, and the victim.
Murphy waB convicted of the murder
and is now serving twelve years at San
Quentin. After being released Estelle
Smith lived in the underworld of the
city of Los Angeles, and was frequently
arraigned in the police courts of said
city on charges of prostitution. Daring
my acquaintance with Estelle Smith I
became well informed of her general reputation in the jail and city of Los Angeles. Said reputation for truth and
veracity was very bad, and she was
generally reputed to be utterly depraved
and beyond the reach of any good influence."
4. Chief of Police David White. For-1
mer employee of the Pacific Gas & Elec-1
trie Co.
5 and 0. Lieut. Duncan Matheson
nnd Sergt. Chnrlea Goff. Heads of police trafflc squad, controlled by the
United Railroads in their fight ngainst
the Jitney Bus union, of which Israel
Weinberg, one of tho defendants, is a
prominent member.
7. Detectivo Steve Bunner, '' star
witness" in frame-up of Dowdall in
1900. Dowdall was sentenced to fifty
years' imprisonment as tho result of a
police plot. Hia innocence was established after long years of imprisonment,
which broko down his health.
John McDonald, drug user. Operated on three times on account of his
addiction to drugs. Graduated from ..
five-cent waterfront coffee house to a $3
u day police jackal. Related that Chief
of Police White told him, "Stick to
your story, Mac, and you'll go back to
Baltimore on the cushions with plenty of
change in your pockets." Said he saw
Billirigs place tho bomb "as in a
9. John Crowley. Sneak thief and
frequenter of Barbary Const saloons,
where soldiers pick up other mule perverts for unspeakable orgies. On probation for watch-stealing when District
Attorney Fickcrt use'd him in the Billings case.
10. Mrs. Kidwell, mother of Estelle
Smith. Billed as star witness, too, but
withdrawn when the defense published
a letter written by her, showing n denl
with tho district nttorney whereby her
forger husband wns to be paroled in exchnnge for her testimony.
11. Earl R. Mooro. Traffic policeman and former United Railroads strike
12. Rominger. Ex-private detective
of Spokane.—Shades of Wm. J. Barns!
Such are the pillars of "law and order" in San Francisco todny. Would
you convict a dog on the testimony of
such poople?
Snn Francisco, Cnl.,
23rd October, 1916.
Conscription Law Is Not to
Apply to Men of the
Pick and Lamp
Military Beast Gets a Hunch
That Enables Him to
Avoid Trouble
[By W. Francis Ahern]
CITDNEY, N. S. W., Oct. 14.—(Special
3 to Tbe Federationist.)—The calling
up of single men in New Zealand is now
going on. The compulsory enrollment is
being made. The government claims it
does not intend to use tho conscripts, if
the voluntary system continues to keep
up the supply as well as at present. But
it is almost certain that as soon aB the
men are enrolled, they will bo conscripted into the camps whether the supply of
volunteers is adequate to meet the requirements or not. In spite of its horrors, tho Now Zealand system of conscription is fur prefornnble to the Australian brand. In New Zealand the
government at least hod the courage and
decency to take the bill through parliament and assume all responsibility for
it, which tho people can deal with when
tho time comes. But in Australia the
renegade Labor government lacked both
tho courage and decency to assume responsibility for its actions. It shoved
the responsibility on to the shoulders of
others, on to the old men and the women, who above all cannot be called to
the firing line, come what may. Of
courso thero is a measure of cheap
shrewdness in this. If the referendum
does not carry, the discredited prime
minister can say, "well, I put it fairly
to the people, and they will not have it,
therefore the fault is theirs." If it does
carry he will be able to say, "Well, it
cannot bo said that I put it over the
peoplo. I put it to the vote and, as you
see, they have decided in favor of it."
Brilliant diplomacy, vory.
Trouble Brewing.
But in the case of New Zealand, ns in
Australia, quite a stir waa raised by the
unionists and trouble was soon browing.
This may lead to almost anything in the
future. Especially wore the miners active in their preparation to resist conscription to tbe uttermost. Every miner's union throughout the country met
and declared by resolution thnt the miners wero determined to meet such a calamity as conscription by industrial revolt if necessary. Grent enthusiasm
prevailed among the miners, and matters enme perilously near to tbe breaking point.
Minister of Defence Makes Discovery,
Just nt the critical moment, the minister of defence made the most remarkable discovery that the coal miners "arc
doing just as important work in getting
coal In New Zealand, ns they would be
in going to tho front." What a marvelous discovery; what a valuable nd-
mission; whnt a glorious old backdown.
The august government of New Zealand
has issued a long memorandum to tho
military administration in which the
following words occur: "It is in the interest of the country to exompt tho conl
minor." Whnt n splendid victory for
organization and determination. It is
one that should not be overlooked by
the workers elsewhere.
Spencer's is Headquarters
Stanfield's Underwear1
for Men
We Buy in Quantities that Command the Lowest
Price—No Store Can Undersell Us
wool; sizes 34 to 44.   A garment  „ 11.25
STANFIELD'S "BED LABEL"; heovy cream wool underwear; sizes
Hi t« li   Pr;™ |j,75
34 to 44.   Price.
heavy cream wool, ribbed, sizes 84
to 44.  A garment...    ,	
STANFIELD'S "BLACK LABEL"; heavy eream wool; sizes 34 to 44.
A garment  ; KM
in three weights at( garment $1.28, $1.60 and $8.00
STANFIELD'S CBEAM SILK AND WOOL UNDEBWEAB; magnificent.   A garment „  — .$2.35
COMBINATIONS in all the above lines are available at twice the price
of single garments.
NOTE.*—All Stanfleld 's garments are guaranteed unshrinkable.
David Spencer Limited
Union Delivered Milk (or Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 005 Twenty-fourth Avenne Eaat.  Tel. Fairmont 1807
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
A little money
invested in your teeth will return you most liberal dividends in the form of health, happiness, mouth comfort, a
better appearance. A missing tooth is both unsightly and
dangerous. There is always the probability that Ihe decay
will spread.
A missing tooth makes more work for the others,
they break down under the task of this added work.
My permnnent
crowns and bridges rectify all the
little ills caused
by the deficiencies
in your mouth; $4
per tooth.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
'   Cor. Sarnour
Call Sey. 3331
or flood a card for
an appointment.
(Continued from page 1)
thereof, as well ub all the appurtenances
and appendages thereto, including the
Blavetj. Woo bo unto the slaves who
dare to even hint tit anything in the
way of organization for the purpose of
bettering their conditions. The miners
at Britannia were nt one time organized
under the Western Federation of Miners, but their union wns broken up by
the company, and ever since they have
been forced to maintain the meek nnd
docilo demeanor thnt is the very cap-
sheaf of adornment for the perfect
Saying of Abraham Lincoln.
I am always for the man who wishes
to work."
"You may fool all of the peoplo some
of the time, and some of tho people nil
of the time, but you cannot fool all of
tho peoplo all of the time."
"I do tho very best I know how—the
very best I cnn; and I mean to keep doing bo until the ond. If the ond brings
me out all right, what is said against
me won't amount to anything. If the
end bringB me out wrong, ten angels
swearing that I was right would make
no difference."
Life at Britannia.
Not only is everything at Britannia
owned by the company, but everything
Iroumjacont thereto. If a slave dares
to look us though he was capable of en
tertnining an idea ml verso to the sacrod
interests of the company, he is gently
bat firmly launched upou a journey that
leudeth far beyond and away from tin
snored precincts, thc which ho would de
(llo by wilfully harboring thoughts disloyal to the dearest interests of the pre
ciouH bunch that is protected by tin
Btate iu the ownership aud control of
other men's lives. No one cnn Innd at
Britannia without being held up and impudently questioned by somo contemptible plain clothes skunk, duly commissioned for thc purposo. Needless to add
that the aforesaid skunk has been recruited from the ranks of tho slave
class, for lot it be known to all, that no
other cesspool on earth ever yet brought
forth a cronture low onough in tho scnle
of being to bo used for such
purposes, except tho ccsBpool of
slavery. If the visiting strangers' answers are not such ns to
satisfy the skunk of his hnrmlessness in
regard to the owners' interests, ho will
ntso bo politely but firmly steered into
the beyond, No ono at Britannia dares
admit that he even came from a locality
polluted by u labor union. Applicants
for skinning who admit coming from
such locality are immediately informed
that no moro men nro needed, No man
at Britannia dnres receive a copy of The
Fedorationist through tho mails, or be
found with ono in his possession. No
onc dnres receive mail except under
plain envelope, and oven then thoir jobs
aro threatened if such letter contains
anything not to the company's liking.
Nono daro to receive merchandise from
outBido points through the mail. Everything must bo purchased at the compnny
store, otherwise tbe culprit must get out.
Even the personal belongings of employees uro known to bo searched upon
any occasion when the slave's back may
be turned. In caso anything incriminating him in matters objectionable to his
momentary owners and Torturers, aB for
instance n union card, is found, nut he
goes forthwith. It should not be forgotten that everything at Britannia is
company property, tho streets, the
whurf, the buildings and all, and it muy
then be readily soon thnt not even the
mttll or persona! belongings of any one
is inviolable. All things are at the disposal of the hired skunks nnd vermin
that constitute the official staff of this
precious exemplification of twentieth
century capitalism, according to tho
British and Canadian standard.
Some Recent Events.
If a man is killed at Britannia, the
coroner, the doctor, the jury and the in-
quest ure ull provided by the company.
M docs not require the sagaciiy of a
fortune teller to foretell whut the verdict is to be, That men nru frequently
killed or maimed nnd no one outside of
Britannin precincts ever knows any
thing nbo,]i it, is a matter of common
gossip. Once in awhile some of the
slaves nre so badly injured thnt the
mutter of sending them outside for
trentmeiit cannot well be nvoided. A
ease of this kind occurred on Monday
last. Two workers were so badly injured in a slide that it became necessary to send them to Vnncouvor. One
of them, by birth a Swede, and long a
resident of this city, a married man, was
callously referred to by the respected
News-Advertiser as "a foreigner,"
while the other was merely a man
named " McPherson." At any rale, that
wns all there wus to it. Merely bits of
more or less troublesome junk. It would
be worth while to know just what spasm
of virtue or conscience prompted tho
compnny officinls to send either of them
down. Sufo to assume that it was nothing unconnected or at variance with
the evoryday profit hunger of,tho mns-
ter spirits of the labor-skinning enterprise. Another interesting episode in
connection with thia Britannia outfit
nlso occurred during tho present week.
Some thirty men wero sent tip to Brltun-
nia to apply for work. Three out of (he
bunch wero accepted, the others woro
told to go. The threo wero Austrians,
tho balanco woro British subjects. Draw
your own conclusions.
"TU Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Sale at all Liquor Stores ln
Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10
It Makes the Meal
a Pleasure
Electric Grillstove
You can make toast right in front of your
eyes. You can fry. You can broil. You
can boil water. The Electric Grill stove is
electrical usefulness brought to the dinner
No friends, calling suddenly in an evening
can ever surprise you. The grill stove attaches to the lamp socket and is ready in a
—and the low cost of operation will surprise you.
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
Phone Seymour
PBIDAY. November 3, 1916
The twin screw S.S. "NORTHLAND," 12,000 tons,
WILL SAIL from Montreal for Liverpool NOV. 18.
Only Cabin and third class carried.   Rates-
Cabin, $55.00 and up; third class, $33.75.
For further information, apply to Company's office, (319 Second Ave.,
Seattle, A. E. Disney, Agent; or local rail und steamship agents.
Capital $15,000,000        Best  113,600,000
Main Office:   Oorner Hastings and Qranvllle Streets, Vancouver
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. Flnt Avenue end Commercial Drive
EAdT END Cor. Pender snd Main Streete
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue nnd Oranvllle Street
BASTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Hutlngi and Cainble Streeta
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOOTH HILL    Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraeer Road
Alra North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
Oood lor one year'a aubaerlptlon to The d.
Federationist   will be mailed to say ids' In Canada for $10.    '"- ~J 	
outiide of Vaneoaver eltjr.)
day.    Remit ghgn eold.
(Good anywhere
Order tea to*
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BAGLKY A SONS, 161 Halting. Street Seymour 316
BLOCHBEROER, F. R., 319 Broadway Eaet Fairmont 203
BRAND ft PERRY, 629 Fender Street. Weet   Seymonr 2678
BURRARD  PUBLISHING   CO.,   711   Seymonr  Street    Seymour   8630
CLARKE A   STUART,  820 Seymour Streot    Seymour 8
COWAN tt BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 487 Dunemulr Street Beymour 1106
EVANS ft HASTINGS, Arte and Oralte Bldg., Seymour St Seymour 6650
KERSHAW, J. A, 639 Howe St Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P., 333 Gore Ave Seymour 1089
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8851 Main St Fairmont 1988
MeLEAN ft SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver N. Van. 63
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robeon Sta Seymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 137 Pender St Seymonr 41
NORTH SHORE TRESS, North Vancouver N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Seymour 9692
PEARCE ft HODGSON, 513 Hamilton Street Seymour 2928
ROEDDE, G. A., 616 Homer Street Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Cambie St Seymour 6509
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 203 Klngiway  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Street  Seymour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 826 Haatinga W Seymour 8520
TIMMS, A. H„ 230 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 621R
WESTERN PRESS, 823 Cordova W Seymour 7566
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 831 Dunemulr Bt Seymour 8626
WHITE ft BINDON, 628 Pendor Weet Seymour 1214
Write "Union Label" on Yonr Copy when Ton Sand It to the Printer
Printing 1
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Union Men
Tho B. C. Federationist is your paper, owned and
controlled by you, and published in your interest.
Tho merchants who advertise in this paper indicate a
desire for your patronage. Those who do not advertise in these columns apparently care nothing for
you or your patronage, therefore
Your Duty is Plain
Patronize those who patronize you. The merchants
who advertise in this paper are patronizing you. Return the compliment. In this way you ean make The
B. C. Federationist the best advertising medium in
the province.
Demand the
Union Label
Tell them you saw their ad. in The Federationist
The Workmen's Compensation Act Does Not Look
Good to Them
Effort of Local Agent to Mislead the Public and Discredit the Act
[By Jns. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federntinn of Labor)
THKOUOH THE efforts of tlio locnl
ugents of tho c.naunlty insuranco
companies, considerable publicity is being given to ii report of tlio state auditor of the adjoining state of Washington, in which he makes numerous recommendations in connection with tho administration of the Workmen's Compensation Act, severely (laying the lust sot
tit' commissioners for their methods and
pointing out that the reserves which
should be set up under the eapitalizcd
system, aro insufficient by about a half
million dollars to meet the liabilities ac
cruing for pension and permanent disability awards. The system of appointing commissioners and their employees
becnuso of their political faith, is also
strongly condemned, whilo a host of mi
nor recommendations are covered by the
general chnrge of inefficiency against
the commissioners.
Failure of Btate Insurance.
Mr. J. \V. Boyd, a casualty insurance
agent, operating here since the adoption
of the state insurance principle in Washington, by a cnsunl reference to
the British Columbia Act
his interview in which he gives the
Washington report publicity, tries to
create the impression thnt stnte insur-
ance is a failure in Washington, and is
likely to havo tho same ending in this
province. But there is nothing in the
report of the stato nuditor thnt contnins
the slightest suggestion thnt tho state
insuranco plan has failed. The only
chnrge, in thnt connection, is that the
bonrd hus not charged the employers n
sufficiently high rote or hns capitalized
tho clnims nt too low an nmount, with
the result thnt the nssessments for the
future will hnve to bo raised to take
care of the claims where long term payments are required. Because the board
employed political friends, nnd did not
follow the system of its predecessors
in offico, either ns to rates or methods
of checking up tho business, is in no
sense a reflection on the state fund, but
on tho commissioners nnd those responsible for their appointment.
Who Is Responsible?
Assuming that Mr. Boyd's contentions
are true, it is as well to remember that
Mr. Floyd Daggett, the chairman of tho
board, who is slated by the state audi
tor, is ait insuranco agent, and was engaged in thut work, uccording to his
own statements to the writer, for 25 or
30 years prior to his appointment as a
commissioner by Governor Lister, Aside
from his political affiliations, Daggett
wns chosen because it wus felt thut a
commissioner with un intimate knowledge of the insurance game would bo n
decided asset to the board, but such doos
not appear to have been thc cuse. Under
his administration, ull of the practices
to which the auditor takes objection
grew up, culminating iu the defalcation
by Gillies, one of the employees of tho
board. At the time Mr. Daggett wus appointed, the Labor interests of the state
were represented by Mr. Jack Wallace,
who had been nppointed by Governor
Hay. Repeated objections were mnde
to the slack methods permitted by tho
chnirma,n by Mr. Wallace, and the staff
was instructed not to give him uny informntion, nnd were afraid to be seen in
his eompany, because of the known feeling against him on we part of tho
chairman, Mr. Daggett. Finally, Wallace wns asked to resign; and in a very
lengthy communication to Governor Lister, he put his objections to tho work of
the chairman in writing. Although the
letter written by Wallace is not before
tho writer now, it is remembered thnt
many of the points made by tho auditor
were covered by Wallace at the timo ho
severed his connection with tho work,
and from other sources, tho writer is informed that many of the charges were
as true whon mnde as they are at the
present time. Mr. Wallace was followed by Mr. Parker, who, while a member
of the Typographical union, was not approved at the time of his appointment
or since by the organized labor bodies of
the stute. Pnrker seems to hnvo boen a
strong supporter of Mr. Dnggott, nnd
conditions beenmo so bad that the gov
ernor Anally removed the entire board,
replacing it with a new onc, which will
likely hold offico until tho new governor
takes offico. There is absolutely no
basis for the assumption of Mr. Boyd
that becauso conditions nre so bad in his
country thnt it necessarily follows that
the same conditions will arise in the
province of British Columbia. And he
mny take consolation from tho fact thnt
whatever condition hns arison,hn8 been
due to tho appointment of a trained insurance mnn us chnirmnn of thc bonrd,
who failed either through incompetence
or un effort to discredit the stnte insurance principle, aud thus ind.U'e the legislature of Washington to ngnin restore
the casualty business of the stnte to the
private insurance compnnies.
Experience in Other States.
Onc of the stntes mentioned by insurance agents on every possiblo occasion, whero all interests nre well sntis-
llod to allow the casualty compnnies to
complete with the stnte fund is Now
York. Tho Observer, a Labor paper
published in New York city, comes to
hnnd us this article is being written)
nnd under the bending, "The Casualty
Companies Must Go," gives the opinion
of tlio Lnbor interests of tho state as
"The Workingmen's Compensntion
Act will never serve completely the
purposo intended by ils promoters until
the casuulty companies are debarred
from inking the employer's placo,
''Before the Compensation Act was
passed, the unfortunate mnn who was
injured, or the dependents of those who
were killed, had to bewuro of the "am*
bulnneo chaser" on one side, and the
casualty adjuster on tho other. Both of
thoso entorprising persons wero industrious nnd convincing, nnd ncquirod to
themselves, or savod for thfl companies
they represented, a grent deal of money,
'Betty Wales
Evening and
BETTY WALKS dresses have all tlie youth,
fullness, charm and
simplicity that girls and
youthful women demand.
Moro than this there is a
perfection of line and up-
to-date detail that stamps
the whole with an unmistakable air* of style-superiority.
Betty Wales dresses are
the creations of Betty
Wales, the popular heroine
of Margaret Warde's fascinating college stories.
Betty Wales' dainty evening and afternoon dresses
are charming. Come in
and look at our new arrivals. Sizes 16 to 20 • prices
$25.00 to $55.00.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
Proposed Re-affiliation With
the B. C. Federation Is
High Cost of Living and the
Terror of Jitney Bus
THE LAST meeting   of   tho
through playing on the misfortunes of
thoso they protended to benefit.
"Tho lawyer of the clnss has boon eliminated, This is sutisfuctory, and is v
decided gain, but it is not enough.
"Tho adjuster, persuasive, persistent
und proficient in his calling, is still nt
lnrge, and is very busy, for the casualty
companies aro a recognized part of the
compensation procedure, nnd their pow
ers huve been emphasized and enlarged
by recent amendments to tho act.
"This is all wrong. The state provides insurance, which nil employers
should be compelled to tako up. This
could be made as low as reasonnblo
safety would permit. Private companies could not possibly insure uny lower
with safety than could the state. The
immense profits which these companies
reup from this class of business belongs
to the injured workmnn or his dependents. This is so obvious that no argument is needed to convince the most
sceptical of its justice."
Employers and Workmen Agree.
Thoro ore few questions on which thc
employers and their employees nre in
ngreement, but the elimination of the
casualty insuranco companies ia ono
that both sides agree iB desirable. Not
only is this true in British Columbin,
bat in practically every province and
stato a similar condition prevails. In
Ohio, at the lust session of the legislature, the insurance interests endeavored
to hnvo the state fun.' provision removed from the Ohio act, but tho employors and representatives of organized
lnbor, by combining their forces, were
able to prevent, this being dono.
An Economic Waste.
The insurance statistics available
show that the cost of administration
runs from 40 to 00 per cent, of tho premiums as compared with 7 to 15 for
state funds. For every dollur of insurance written by private companies, the
agents receive 25 por cent., nnd by a
compulsory state system this acquisition
cost is saved to the industries of tho
province. Whilo it does not muko nny
difference to the workmen, as such,
whether their compensation is pnid by
private companies or by tho compensntion bonrd, provided the nmount is the
snmo, they cannot sec why, under the
competitive system, the industries of
this province should be hardened with
tax of ;J0 to 40 per cent, for the
doubtful honor of having the money
paid to insurance companies, none of
which aTc locnl companies, whilo the majority of them havo their headquarters
in other countries. In other words, the
employer must reduce wnges, reduce the
compensation benefits, or increase the
prico of his product if he is required to
pny 25 per cent, of his insurance premium to local agents merely for the soliciting of his business instead of paying direct to tho compensation board,
nnd saving this expense.
Previous Experience Sufficient.
The representatives of workmon in
this province havo had sufficient expert-
nee with tho insurance companies during past years, and will welcome any
system that removes the necessity of
dealing with thc skilled adjusters. Our
experience hns been the snmo ns thnt
referred to in tho Observer. That tho
insurance companies are neither dend or
sleeping can be taken for grunted, and
already- the insurance intorosts
arc preparing a petition for circulation ui Jong the employers nsking
the government to amend the act by removing the provision for tho exclusive
stuto funds. The Washington experience is being used ns "tho horrible example" of what is to occur in British
Columbia, unless the insurance companies aro permitted to carry on as heretofore.   Before signing any petitions, it
Railwayman was very well attended,
and was somewhat lively ot various
stages, each minute of the three-hour
session being full of business,
Bro, Byron's roport as delegato to tho
Congress convention was given in a concise and interesting manner.
Leave of absence wns grnntod Bros.
Hacking, A. H. Brown and G. L. Graham.
Bro. F. Miller is seeking relaxation
from thc tiresome duties of motorman
for ono month. He is going into tho
olectrical department, and Joe Brown is
assisting the game warden for a short
Bros. Mitchell and Bishop havo come
to the conclusion that they can do equally as well on opposito ends and havo received permission to trade.
The big business of the meeting wns
the fight as to whether the local should
re-affiliate with tho B. C. Federation of
Labor. Arguments both for and against
were listened to nnd the final decision
was that the matter bc lnid ovor until
the first of tho year, which will give the
opposing forces time to rnlly nnd gather
new data. Some of the boys certainly
are consistent. Fur instance: Somo of
those that opposed the B. C. Federation
on the grounds of expense, claim that
we should have more recreation in the
way of socials, etc. The idea of having
socials is a good ono, if conducted on a
scnle consistent with our financial
standing nt tho present timo,
If Chinatown is not a fit placo to
visit, and this is the view taken by a
local magistrate, will some one kindly
let us know what thero is to justify itB
The high cost of living will soon be a
thing of the past, now that tho federal
govornment has given power to tho municipalities to conduct investigations. If
ever any subject called for a federal or
provincial investigation, this present
cost of existing is one.' Imagine tho
same body that spent their time arguing
whether we should have a standard
weight loaf or give the firemen kilts to
wear, conducting nn investigation into
the cost of living. Of courso much vnlu
able information could bc got from the
parties .whose opinions on tho subject
were printed in the papers it few days
ngo. One good lady snid thnt tho trou
bue was wo wero living too good; that
wo insisted on the best of everything,
and that inferior cuts of meat could
still be had at moderate prices. For
which informntion wo are truly thankful, but we nover did care for liver.
If the jitney association had any real
good arguments to put up in favor of
their busiuess, no doubt they would be
endorsed by tho citizens ns a whole, but
in spite of unlimited space allowed them
in the daily pnpers to present their ense
they hnve not yet beon able to show
that they are a necessity or that they
add anything to the welfare of the city
If the street car system is not sufficient
to take care of tho travelling public,
then let us have a competitive service,
but it should be a municipal system, the
operation of which would benefit tho
ratepayers; a service that would be run
to n schedule, no mntter whnt the weather conditions were. Right now is
splendid chance for the jitney peoplo to
show that they aro serious in their contention. Seeing thut they aro organized
it would be a simple mntter to draw up
a schedule and huve the busses run to
it, and surely this is not asking for nny
thing unreasonable. This much their
patrons nre entitled to.
In order thnt the overseas members of
Pioneer division mny know thnt thoy
are not forgotten by the Vnncouvor boys
a movement has beon started to supply
the absent ones with a Christmns parcel
each. Any information on this can be
had from Bro. Harvey Twort,    .T. E. G,
(Continued from page 1)
lions of tons of food and other necessities have been shipped away to Europe
in order to ennblo tho savages of that
part of the earth to cut each other's
throats, for the vory simple and good
business reason that the dealers could
reap groater gains' by sending it thore,
than by selling it at homo. Just because
European savages seo fit to turn a continent into a veritable hell and cut, slash
and destroy, millions of decont and well-
intontionod peoplo must be pinched nnd
starved in order to ennblo tho trading
fraternity to reap the greatest possiblo
harvest out of the unfortunate occurrence But thnt is all there is to it.
Juat trade, that's all. And what are all
of the old Mrs. Pnrtingtons going to do
nbout it, anyway! Whnt can they do
about it but squawk? "Soft words butter no parsnips." Neither will squawking bring relief to the gooso that has
fallen into the clutches of the fox of
trude. Trado ib without conscience or
scruple. It is pnrt and parcel of human
slavery, and it can be no better than
that from which it comes, and of which
it is a part. The ethics and morals of
trado aro the ethics and morals of
slavery. This is nil summed up in one
word, plunder. It will require something more effective than fin old woman's mop to sweep back its tide.
They Dare Not Touch It,
None of tho squawking victims of present high prices dare go to tho root of
tho trouble, that is none of thom who
nro giving voico to their protests
through the channels of bourgeois convontion. All there is to that is pure
gabblo. No attack can be made upon nigh
prices and the uncomfortnblc pressure
resulting therefrom, without attacking
tho entire system of property and production from which all evils of present
society flow. So long as thut system of
property, and its consequent control of
From Parm's
Potato Patch
When Judge Jones held court Tuesday, thero wns a packed audience present. Cy Perkins was up before his worship for misrepresenting a heavvy horse
he sold to Tom Grady.
It was sure somo horflo case. In Hy-
acck Canyon horse cases are difficult to
handle — devilishly difficult. In the
course of this trial, Cy hnd for his star
witness Judgo Jones' uncle, Old Bill
Egan, a horsey-looking cuss, whoshnd a
hand in tho deal. He was put into tho
witness box hy Lawyer Scntterbroin,
ccinsel for defence Ho asked the witness what happened.
Witness—I soz—soz I: "How about
the hoBBt" nnd ho said he'd givo me
■+10 to say nothing about 'em.
Counsel—Ho did not say ho would
givo you $10?
Witness—Faith nnd he did. That's
exactly whnt he said.
Counsol—Ho   could   not   hnvo   said
ho"; ho must havo spoken in tho ilrst
WitnoBS—No; I wns tho flrst porBon
thnt spoke. I soz—soz I; "How nbout
tho hoBst"
Counsol—But he did not speak in the
third porson?
Witness—There wns no third person
present—only he nnd mo.
Judge Jones—Listen to mo, witness.
He could not havo said: Ho would givo
you $10 to say nothing about it, but
"I" will givo you $10.
Witness—He said nothing nbout your
worship. If ho Baid anything about
your worship, I never heard him. And
if thero wns a third porBon present I
nevor seed 'em.
Point givon up, nnd Judgo Jones difl*
missed tho enso for lnck of evidence.
This makes the twentieth horso case
dismissed this yoar.
"Tie Color of Life" Attracts Praise
From Critics,
It would bo difficult to recall tho name
of a book by a radical nuthor whieh has
attracted the immediate attention that
has been accorded to Emnnncl Julius'
now volume of short stories and
sketches, "The Color of Life." Though
distributed hnrdly more thnn two weeks
ngo, tho comment it has provoked is almost unbeliovnblo. Periodieuls nnd
newspapers, which represent evory
phnso of thought, aro giving this extraordinary collection of fluttering notices. "Tho Color of Life" contnins
moro thnn fifty titles. It mny be hnd by
sending 50 cents to Emanuel Julius, Box
125, Girard, Kansas.
Industrial Toll Keeps Up Everlasting
Tribute to Proflt Ood.
Tho industrial accident record for
September shows there to hnvo boen 00
work people killed end 415 seriously injured during thoir respective employments, reports the Labor Gazette. The
record for August wns 78 killed and 880
injured, while thnt for September, 10.15,
was 70 killed and 438 injured. A comparison of the nbovo figures for tho periods indicated shows that there were 12
fewer work people killed and 2li more
injured during September thon during
August and thore wero four less killed
and 2:i less injured in September this
year than in September n year ngo.
produrlinn stands unnttneked und unbroken, tho evils that cull forth tho protests of thc Mother Pnrtingtons and thc
wielding of thoir mops, will still remain
unabated and unafraid. Prices will
soar when the conditions of the mnrkct
arc such aa to moke sonring possible, no
mntter who gets it in tho neck, nr in the
pocket book, whicli is infinitely worse
Prices will slump when tho conditions
for slumping nro good, more especially
if it so happens thnt tho dealcra nnd
manipulators can increase their gains
thereby. No upholdor of tho present
Bystem of property can consistently object to the present high cost of
living. It is merely a part of
tho phenomena incidental to tho exploiting of slaves and trnding in their
products. As far ns government fixing
the prico of anything iB concerned, it is
all tooimyrot, unless tho government
first nssumes complete control of industry, nnd tho slnvcs that operate it. Thon
tho labor of the slaves could bo absolutely controlled and tho proper amount
of product dished, oat to them to conform to their needs, as measured by government authority. Thnt would bo the
final and comploto culmination of slavery, nnd perhaps it is whnt wo aro coming to, out of tho turmoil nnd tempest
of this wnr. If so, it will present to us
much more elenrly than at presont the
grent and fundamental problem—thnt
of human slavory—upon tho solution of
which tho future of tho race depends, a
problem that cannot bo solved by old
women with mops.
Fedorationist subscribers in
Greater Vancouver should receive their paper on FBI-
DAYS, the date of publication. If this is not thc case,
please notify this office by
would be as well for tho local employers to ascertain the opinions of the On-
tnrio omployors, who will bo found
strongly in favor of tho exclusive stato
fund after two years' experience undor
Delivered to any part of tbe dtjr.
Furniture and Pianos
Moved or Stored
at reasonable rates.
Phones Seymoar 605, 405.   Night
and dny calls, Soy. 3580.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(McNeill, Welch * Wllion, Ltd.)
80 Pender Bt, W„ Vancouver, B.O.
Refined Service
One Blook weit of Court Houie.
Uie of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors tree to all
Telepbone Seymonr 8428
The chief essential in coffee
is purity—uniformity — real
coffee. That's just why NABOB COFFEE has so rapidly
ascended to the position of
same today, tomorrow and
next year as it was yesterday
—the BEST it is possible to
the world's greatest coffee
plantations and you are assured of absolute purity in
every tin bearing the Nabob
Ask your grocer
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. O.
Unaqualled  Vaudeville Meana
2:46, 7:20, 9:18    Season's Prlcea:
Matinee,   ISc;   Evenings,   isc,  26a,
3el!cj fresh {jopc
Pbone Hlgb, 21 ,,
Factory 801 Powell
When You Think
of Buying Shoes
—yonr flrat thought ahould be, "Aw*
they made In B. Cf
That's "Loyalty"—the firat atep III
tho purchase of anything.
Thla leads you naturally and loyally
—made hero In your own Provinco.
The Haubo of Lockle moots you more
than halfway—It has built Its footwear
on honor—has stamped the firm
name upon every pair.:
Leckie Shoes
will meet your loyalty—on evory count.
They aro particularly suitable for British Columbia weather conditions—
rain or shine—for the smooth pave'
ments of a city or the rugged under'
foot conditions of tho groat outdoors.
Next time ask for
Leckie Shoes
You'll know them by the trademark-
stamped on overy pair.
Miners and
who bave copper properties worth
while, can be placed in touch with
actual buyers if they will send
full particulars to DRAWER i,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B, 0.


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