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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 18, 1916

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^"^ • >*-*1r™'OJ! LAB0B      '     V* *t£r» POUTIOALUNITT: VIOTOBTI
JWBT)     $1-50 PER YEAR
Sings His Little Song of Sin
and Sings It O'er and
O'er Again
Defies the Demon of Liquor
As Ajax Defied the
"Sweeter   than   the   niurm'ring
Wafted from tlie balmy South
Aro the tint ambulations
Of my automatic mouth.
How I love its giddy gargle,
How I lovo its rhythmic flow,
How I love to wind my mouth up,
How I love to hear it go."
AND AFTER listening for a matter
of an hoar and a half to tho versatile and volatile profundity of tho
"Rev. Dr. Billy Sunday" one might al
most fancy these tintinabulating quatrains to have been written by Mr. Sunday himsolf. At any rate, it would be
difficult to imagine a more comprehensive expression of the "Billy Sunday"
ego, than is contained in those jingling
lines. And fully 8000 people, at least
three-fourths of whom were women,
strained their auricular appendages in
a mannor truly reckless of conBcquonceB
in their efforts to follow the tuneful unwinding of '' Billy's'' ego, at the Arena
rink in this city on Thursday evening
of lasfr weok. The performance was intended to give a convincing clinch to all
of the previous arguments and efforts
put forth by the tomperance people for
the purpose of fastening an alleged pro-
hibition law upon the province of Brit-
, . ish Columbia. Whether that result has
j 1 beon attained or not must bo left for
11   the future to decide.
The Hand of .piety.
Thut the meeting was arranged and
,  directed by that section of the commun-
Iity that has set for itself the task of
safeguarding the moral and spiritual
welfare of othors, wns shown in numerous ways. The instrumental music
■ (may tho good Lord forgive -as), was
; furnished by the Salvation Army musi-
>eiiuis; the vocal music rendered wns
vpnly such as savored of reverence am
<Jpiety, like "Ood Save the King," and
'."Onward Christian Soldier;" the divine blessing was invoked by one "rov-
. jerend" gentleman aad the cash blessing
tv) nutniiw, i.i.iio n'TTiini, gUTbcd In
'military uniform, introduced Mr. Sun-
" dny to the audience by very appropriately assuring the latter that "Billy'
possessed neither "horns nor hoofs,'
not was ho otherwise dangerous. The
major portion of such nssurnnces woro
subsequently amply confirmed hy the
hornless gentleman himself. Of all the
wretched noises ever perpetrated in tho
name of music, those conjured forth by
the loud-noise producers of the Salvation Army street vaudeville troupe, nre
by long odds tho most hideous. As ti
means of frightening his satanic mnj
esty, their efficiency no doubt lie* in
tlieir biddousnoss, but to inflict such
hideousaess upon nn audience of decent'
nnd well-behaved persons who hnd innocently gathered for the purpose of odor-
ntion nt tho shrine of ono whom tho
clergy avouch as entirely devoid of sa
tanic attributes, is a crime that should
not bo condoned.
"Billy Sunday" Cavortings.
It is to do violence to the legitimate
nnd honorable art of vaudeville to term
Mr. Sunday a vaudeville artist. He is
not an artist, not oven nB a buffoon. His
mouthings are altogether too meaning-
less and his platform mannerisms too
iinpoBsiblo to bo even considered as gro
tesquo. Thoy are outside tho limits of
the tolerably humorous aad closely bordering upon tho positively painful. His
entiro ropertoire of platform low buffoonery is of thnt type that is commonly termed cheap, and of which the word
nasty, becomes a synonym. For instance, the first display of cheap vulgarity with which he regaled his highly intelligent audience, was that of having
tho reverend gontleman, who was so
earnestly entreating tho crowd to come
through with a largo collection, suddenly wave aloft an envelope containing,
he alleged, a chequo for $100, which
had been "contributed by Billy Sunday." This episode occurred bofore
Sundny hnd made his speech of the
evening. Just whnt effect is hnd upon
tho size of tho collection is not known.
The collection is said to havo amounted
to $3000. It is a aufe bot that if it had
not boon tnken until after the
"speech" it would have boon no larger.
"Ma" was also upon tho platform,
presumably as one of tho regular stage
properties. "Ma" nlso recoivod tho
storootypod "bouquet of flowers," another stage property, of courso. When
the "gin-mill" was catechized by the
eminent' "Billy," about a dozen small
boys were marshalled upon the platform
['to represent the raw product of that
kind of a mill. Very effective, very indeed, but if the truth must bo told, tho
kids looKcd suspiciously liko a bunch
that would be for more apt to go fishing
or swimming, ns a raw product, than
into a gin-mill ns such Tho entire evening was filled up with Bimilar convincing horse-play. At ono time the cavor-
ter would be prancing up and down tho
stage waving t,ho Union Jnck, and at
tho noxt moment falling upon his belly
•upon the stngo nfter the fashion of the
celebrated Kelly upon the occasion of
his famous slido to third base. From
thence to the table top, whero with one
fist ferociously doubled up and tho other
firmly clutching the flag, ho boldly de-
fled tho "hellish liquor intorests," oven
ns Ajax defied tho lightning, and then
again to the farthest corner of tho platform whero ho fearlessly hurled his anathemas into tho tooth of nil tho enemies
of God and Billy Sunday, even as the
Bkilled pitcher hurled tho "spit-bnllB"
over the home plate, and then bnck
again and round about, to do it nil over
und do it ngnin, .constituted about all,
thero was to the distinguished cavor-
(Continued on page 2)
"Prussian Militarism" Displays Its Poisonous Fangs in Canada
and Proceeds to Strangle Liberty and Democracy
In Its Deadly Coils
UOM SYMPATHY has often been expressed for the common people of Germany because they hav
been so completely cowed down and crushed beneath the heel oil Prussian military tyranny 'it ha
been a matter ol'much surprise to a great many Biiglish-spe&lung observers, that fhey have not
An ftctlvo niombor of the Letter Carriera'
association and flnancla) curcetary of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
who is this week chairman of tho convention reception committee, during the
sessions of the Federated Association of
Letter Carriers.
When He Invaded Women's
Occupation It Was
All Right
When Tables Are Turned,
the Male Squawks
, Lustily
WORKINGMEN need not fear that
women will work for leas than
men when thoy tire enfranchised.
The first thing that enfranchised
men hnve asked for Ib cqunl pay for
equal work.
The men themselves nro to blame for
present conditions, ns they would not
ml mlt vonien"4«'iiln!"tnt<tl<en-vmonBi
The men themselves belittled women's work and snid that a woman
should not bc paid as much ns a man.
The men themselves forced women to
live by their sex and not by the work of
thoir hands nnd brains as human beings.
And "now the work of the trades
unions for the past fifty years will have"
to be done nil ovor ngnin,"
Of co'iirsO it will. It has been dono
wrong. Tho men taught the women to
pVcopt less for their work, and now they
must laboriously tench the most ignorant and down-trodden of them to clnim
equality and to come into the unions
and to be the comrades of thc men
they woro in tho old trades guilds.
It is a good thing that women lenrn
quickly, or men would pay dearly for
their cruel mistake. Isrnel Zangwill
says you may keep a mnn going round
in a circle like an old horse in a mill,
but. ii woman will break out of tho circle, as they are doing now.
Women are not' so in lovo with sweated lnbor ns men think they are. Men
nsk for n living wage, but women want
moro thnn thnt—a gront deal moro.
The men who come bnck from the
war will want their plnces back, and
will probably get them, but ns a mntter
of fnct they were not their plnces. Any
womnn who ean do tho same work and
Who demands th'e same pay has just ns
much right to the plnco, and just as
much right to make her living as a mnn
There was no outcry when the men
took the so-called women's work from
them nnd beenme cooks, and domestics,
nnd dressmakers, and milliners, nnd sold
ribbons and lncos, etc.
The mon seem terrirbly nfrnid of competing on equal terms with the women
whom they despised, and whom they
forced, in mnrringo or out of it, to live
by their sex. It is n poor rule that
won't work both ways. Thero will not.
be so many mon after the war.
There is n story about Loudon servnnt
girls pnying a soldier half a crown to
walk out with thom, t\s a soldier sweetheart in uniform looked so much smarter than the other girls' sweethearts.
Perhaps the returned heroes could find
lucrative employment in something of
thnt sort.
What a turning of the tables. Whnt
a joke! Tho women will have all the
situations nnd will not give them 'up,
but thoy will tnke the men out sometimes nnd treat them to ice cream—if it
is not Sundny.
The employing clnss is not going to
give womon a vote becauso they expect
their support, but because they cannot
refuse.   They dare not.
Evolution hnB swept the movement' so
far forward that it is impossible to stop
Employers fear that enfranchised women will voto for BocinI reform. Not
only equal pay for themselves, but better conditions for nil workers without'
regard to box. I. B.
long since risen in revolt against their military oppressors and brought their atrocities and brutalities
to nn end. No small amount of vainglorious boast has been indulged in by Englishmen over the fact thai
no such military tyranny existed in Oreat Britain, aiid that her people "never, never would be slaves "
We have been assured, and are still being fed up with sueh assurance, that tbe present war is being
fought for thc especial purpose of crushing "Prussian militarism;" and saving and safeguarding Lib-
erty and Democracy. A vast number of men have offered themselves, throughout the British dominions
for sacrifice upon the altar of sueh a splendid purpose as thc crushing of that brutal "militarism " and
the preservation of the liberty and democracy of thc rest of the world from its deadly embrace '
Like "Dead Sea Fruit." *
But in spite of nil the glowing nssurnnces ns to the purpose of the Allies in
this war, it has gradually been disclosed that a result altogether different
from that which had been promised was
being arrived at._ Instead of "Prussian militarism" being destroyed it is
boing irretrievably fastened upon the
Empire of Grent Britain, to Bay nothing
of the rest of the Allies. In the British
iBles, the process has been fairly well
completed. All of the boasted liberties
so long enjoyed by the Englishman have
been wiped out and a merciless and unscrupulous military machine now does
with him bb it will. He Is subject to
conscription, either for military or industrial service, as tho British-Prussian
machine may choose. The millions of
his kind who have gone to the front to
nid in crushing "Prussian militarism"
will find upon their return that they
have only. succeeded in enthroning a
British militarism, in every sense just
like the Prussian article. Their hopes
of delivering the world from the military incubus, will hnve, like "dead sea
fruit," turned to nshes updta thoir lips.
Although they may have succeeded in
preventing the strangling of British
liberty and democracy nt the hands of
Germnn military ruffians, they will find
the job as adroitly and much more diplomatically accomplished by their British prototypes. In escaping Scylla they
will merely have fallen into CharybdiB.
Now Canada Gets Hers,
It is not long since that doughty
pntriut, Gen. Sir Sam Hughes gave assurance that there would be no conscription in Canada. Probably he was
correct. Conscription would be bad
enough, even if it were a conscription
thnt treated all alike and played no
favorites. If it wero a conscription,
howoVer, thnt was so manipulated ns to
'afford havens of.safety to such."slacker?" ns had ffafficioiit pull to be appointed honorary colonels, or something
of thnt sort, it would be worse. But
now conies word from Ottawa that an
"order in council" hns boon pnssed
thnt aims nt a more infamous method
of obtaining cannon fodder, than any
outright conscription scheme worthy of
the name. Directors of recruiting are
to bo nppointed to supervise enlistments and a census of men available
for military service will be taken. Theso
"slackers" and such trash ub is usually
plentiful when there in dirty work to be
done. It is needless to mention what
impudenco will bc resorted to in order
to compel auch workers as can possibly
be spared from industry, to enliBt for
the butchery of war. Excellent displays of thot are of daily occurrence
even now. A young lad of about eighteen wns impudently pestered and liar-
rassed by no less than seven of theso
worthies within the distanco of three or
four blocks on Hastings Btreet one day
last week. .Just whnt it will be like
when this precious new scheme of recruiting is in vogue, may be readily
What Is the Alternative?
No one who is not absolutely daffy
has any hopes of the working people
ever putting up anything more dangerous than a sickly whine against anything their masters see fit to rub into
them. Any one wbo knows anything at
all knows full well who these military
meaBureB nre reaching out for. They nre
reaching out for working men, the only
legitimate and suitable material for
cannon fodder that wns ever invented,
It is German working men thnt nre be
ing used hy the Prussian military ma
, . „ , , , ... J chine, to do battle for the "dear fath
Preaident of the Federated A..oc.atIon «* | erl«nd." And yet it is a fact that
Letter Carriers; who I. presiding at the, ^ gflme ^^ mM mm nevef
sixteenth biennial convention now iri hfld Q i*fatheriand»» that ever djd any.
~ I thing better for them than to torture
them industrially in times of pei
butcher them in times of wnr. There
aro people who wonder how those Germnn slaves can be so stupid as to be
willing to be used thnt way. But to
get back to Conndn and attend to mnt-
tors there, it might bo well to suggest
thnt if the result of tho latest recruiting scheme is not satisfactory to our
military caste, the workera should insist
upon an outright conscription that Bhnll
call every: man in the Dominion, irres.-
pective of trade, business, profession,
wealth, poverty, religion, politics, son
ity or insanity.   There are mnny work
now   in j .-,
session in Vancouver Labor Temple.—'
Prosldent   Hoop   is   ono   of   tho   most, .. :"•   a. _i_._ii_ •    .._       » '" -,
., ,    , i   ,       ,       „ . ,    ,  i them industrially in times of pence, nnd
widely   known   trade  union   officials   in i i   ,._i _    .. .J .. *       _L
Canada, an able speaker, an active participant in Tradea and Labor Congress
of Canada conventions, and an indefatigable workor for his own organisation
and those with which it is affiliated.
directors are to decide whose services
aro required to carry on the essential
industries in their various districts.
Hitch persons, ulongwith thoso medically unfit and thoso who havo boen honorably discharged from tho service, are
to be provided with buttons or badges.	
Thoso who do not have buttons or j ing men who would eliorfnlly go to the
badges will, by inference, bo considered [ front along with that elegant array of
as "slackers," anil it amy easily be; patriotic talent; that pursues tho useless
soon that lifo for them will bc no bed i "tonor of its wny." and is mnde up of
of roses, with recruiting agents poster- j parsons, lawyers, doctors, brokers, ban
ing them at every street cornor. Tho | kers, capitalists, merchants nnd thoir
positions as "directors of recruiting" male counter-jumpers, politicians hold
will afford easy havens of safety for a ing jobs, politicul aspirants, Bob Kelly
' got-the-p.ill nnd B. T. Rogers.
choice     assortment     of
Amendments Are Designed
to Strangle Workers'
Labor   Congress   Solicitor
O'Donoghue Drafts a
Model Measure
No Move Being Made By Either Party
Owing to Absence of Officials.
On May 31 the local branch of tho
Internntionnl Longshoremen 'b association served thc (10 days' notice, required
by agreement, whieh terminated the
present working schedule between tho
membership and their waterfront employers. Because of the absence of V.
W. Potors, gonernl superintendent of
Pacific division C. P. R., and also of J.
Gordon Kelly, represontntive of tho
longshoremen, negotiations have been
held up by' mutual consent. Meantime
there is no change in waterfront con-
[By Jas. H. McVety]
(President B, C. Federation of Labor)
"The more I consider the
act and its suggestions, tbe
more I am of the opinion tbat
thc intent of the draughtsman
was to choke organized labor
to death."—John G. O'Donoghue.
IT HAS BEEN suggested that
the writer should attempt an
analysifi of the proposed amendments and "suggestions" of the
hon. minister of Labor to the Industrial Disputes Act, 1907, better
known among workmen as the
"Lemon Aet." Tt will-be remembered that at the last convention
of the Trades and Labor CongresB
of Canada, after considering the
proposed amendments, with the
assistance of a special committee,
referred the whole question to the
executive committee, with instructions to oppose the amendments,
As the time of the house was com-'
plctely taken up with matters of
more importance, the aet was not
amended, except to make its provisions apply to workers engaged
in thc manufacture of munitions,}
and a discussion of the act was not'
possible. ;
The executivo of the Congress, how-!
ever, secured thc assistance of Mr. J. G.
O'Donoghue, n lawyer of Toronto, who
is possibly the most familiar with labor
legislation of any in Canada, to draft a
new act and analyze Mr. Grot tier's
iiniondments. This document of fifty-
four pages has been printed and circulated to secretaries of unions by tho
Congress, nnd is a most comprehensive
analysis of the legislation, pointing out
particularly the discrimination against
the workmon.
Naturally, the work starts from tho
presumption that such legislation ns the
Lemieux act is good or enn bo made
good for the workmen, a supposition the
writer does not admit, but aside from
that, Mr. O'Donoghue apparently does
not miss a point in his criticism of thc
ideas of the minister of Lnbor, and exposes the whole scheme in a manner
that should open the eyes of many delegates to the Toronto convention who
have held good opinions of the legislation in question. The booklet concludes
with tho pnrngrnph nppearing nt the;
head of this article, and with tho
thought expressed therein, I am in full:
Wilton and Trotter of Typo,
Union Only Two Labor
Next Meeting Will Hear Ar
bitration Award of Justice Macdonald
ditions, nor will there be, so long ns tho
present co-operative fooling prevails.
As a matter of business, both parties
will endeavor to drive the best bargain
possible for themselves, but thore is no
immediate danger of on open conflict.
Active Recruiting and Demand of
Prairie Thinning Out the
Available Job-seekers.
THE CONTINUOUS flow of mon
from British Columbia is becoming serious—serious for pny-triotic
employers. Already several instances of wage Increases havo
boen recorded during the past few
weeks. This week tho Point Grey
municipality fouad it necessary to
raiso the wages of its outdoor
employees from $2.40 to $2.04, and
if Councillors Hobson nnd Pcarsoa
hnd had their way it would havo
been $2.80. With hundreds of men
shipping for the prairies, and a vigorous campaign of recruiting for tho
war to be staged, which will include Japanese, there Is reason to
believe that mon will Boon become
evon scarcer. During the past two
years ovor 30,000 men have enlisted
from this provinco. Probably another 10,000 havo left for United
States poiats, Under such conditions a general raise in wages can
be the only result. Thc more attractive wages and conditions offering elsewhere will materially assist tho trades unions here to pull
themselves together and get back
much of the ground lost during tho
past throe yearn Emulating the
example set by thc employers, tho
unions will make good uso of their
"You get whnt you go after if you
go after it' to got it."
A lth MEMBERS of Pioneer division
that cun possibly manage it should
be on hand at our next meeting, to
hear tho report of tho chairman of the
arbitration board, convened to thresh
out tho quostion of certain men in the
meter department belonging to our organization. Tho decision hns beon handed down by Mr. Justice Macdonald,
and is in tho hands of our business
agent. The finding is a matter of great
coneom to our local, whichever way it
goes, und we ago,in urge upon them the
necessity of attendance next week.
Bros. O. Bratloy nnd J. Jones nre the
latest to don the khaki.
Bro. Cottrell is sure some business
agent. Asked how ho was getting along
with tho job he said there was nothing
to it, nnd tho easiest part of it was getting new members. Harry says ho puts
in most of his time receiving applications; says they are coming along without waiting for any invitation. This
would look as though Pioneer division
was as popular as ever. The noxt meeting will deal with applications from
track mon, bnrmnen and carmon.
The corning provincinl elections soem
to bo tho all-absorbing topic just now.
The snmo old stun" is boing peddled by
those who doa't care a hang about us
after they got, our vote, The liberals
are full of what they will do for tho
workerB if they nre elected to powor,
and the Conservatives point to the
"Workmen's Compensation Act" ns
one instance of tlieir lovo for the working clnss. Wo huve been told how the
stroot rallwaymen's wishes have boon
acceded to by tho government fmenn-
ing, of course, the dny-ofT-in-thoeinht-
hour Inw), but still wo can't forgot
certain incidents which have happened
in thc past. By the way, wasn't it
amusing to rend about Mr. Bowser's
meeting in tho mining district, nnd the
way ho tried to justify turning the
militia loose on tho Vnncouver island
President McVety Elected a
Delegate to Attend the
Trades Congress
Vice-President Sivertz of B.
C. F. of L. Addresses
the Council
iucrotnry of Vancouver branch of tho Federated AssoHiitioii of Lt'ttiT Curriers, n
delegate to the central lahor body and
ibis week an active committeeman during tho* federal convention of the association.
Welcomed by Mayor, Postmaster and Pres. of
Labor Council
Delegates from All Parts of
Canada Foregather at
Labor Temple
Yesterday Vancouver was honored
with its second national Labor convention. Lust year the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada held its Slab annual
convention, which was the first nationwide national or international Labor
convention ever held in this city. And
the visitors on thnt occasion, as also
thoso on this were, loud in their
praises of the excellent climute and
scenic beauties of the Pacific coast for
a foregathering of this Mud.
The Federated Association of Letter
Carriers opened its 10th biennial con
vention yestordny morning in the Labor
Temple. Postmen were thore from all
parts of Canada.
The opening session was marked by
official expressions of welcome on behalf of the citizens of Vancouver and
organized labor in general. The visitor
were invited to avail themselves of the
opportunities in (lie intervals of business to accept the hospitalities of the
city of Vancouvor.
L. C. Carl, president of the locnl letter curriers association, branch No. 12,
opened the proceedings in a brief
speech of welcome.
Civic Welcome.
Mayor McBeath assured thc visitors
that hud thc gates to the city beea
locked, he would havo been only too
happy to have handed them" over the
keys. He invited the representatives
of the mail carriers of tlie Dominioa to
make themselves thoroughly at home.
President W. H. Hoop, officer of th
federation, said that iu all his long
connection with the organization he had
never known such keen competition as
there had boen among the membership
to bo delegntos to thc Vancouver convention, and thanked thc previous
speakers for tho kind hospitalities extended.
R. G. Macpherson, P. M., referred to
tho historic nature and social import
unco of tho postman'a occupation. Continuing he informed tho gathering thnt
25 por cent, of tho staff of the locnl
post office had enlisted, while those who
had refrained behind and contributed
over $8000 to patriotic funds,
J. H. McVety, president of tho
Trades and Labor council, extended to
the delegates a hearty welcome. He
said thnt thopostmoh wero the only
branch of the civil service affiliated
with the trade union movement. This
had resulted in the conditions of thoir
employment    being   such    today   that
any workmen would liko to participate in them.
McVety Endorsed.
President Hoop sprung Something of
a surprise when he referred to the new
Workmen's Compensation Act, tho ex-
Home of which It* considered was
largely due to Mr. McVety. He askjld
the delegates to endorse Mr. McVety as
the representative of Labor on the
board of commissioners which will administer tho act. This proposal was endorsed by a unanimous standing voto.
Mr. McVety responded by a brief
speech of thnnks, iu which he expressed
the hope thnt the opportunity would be
afforded him of proving that their confidence had not been misplaced.
minora. He Baid the Liberals, had they
been in powor, would havo done the
same. Well, wo know all about that.
As a matter of fact they have done it
in the pnsl, and given the opportunity,
will do so again. As working men W0
should be interested only in those thnt
know aro prepared to roproaeat the
laboring classes, nnd wo fail to find
them among the Conservatives or Lib-
As we see it tho only candidates worthy tho votes of organized labor arc J.
K. Wilton in BiirunbyHouth Vancouver,
and W. R, Trotter in Vnncouver. Those
men are well-known to all by reputation
aad have spent the best part of their
lives fighting for the cause of tho workers. Both hnve boon endorsed by the
unions of Vanoouver previously as
Labor's choice of candidates, and ns
such are exceptionally worthy of our
support. J. E. O.
There was a fair attendance of delegates at Inst night's meeting of the
local Labor parliament. ■ The session
was—u, ibrief, one, adjourning at 9
Labor Day at Victoria.
A letter was read stating that Victoria, will hold field sports at tho Royal
Athletic Park in that city on Labor
Day, and the unionists of Vancouver
were extended a hearty invitation to be
present. There will be a good programme of events, good prizes and a
Delegate to congress.
The Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council will be represented at the 32nd
annual convention of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada by President
McVety. Candidates for the coveted
position ran as follows: MeVety, Trotter, Bartley.
Chinese Labor. .
Replying to Delegate McMaster re
Chineso employed on government contracts for clothing, Seeretary Gutteridge stated that she had written the
department of labor regarding the mat-
ler but had not as yet received a reply.
However, Fair-wage Officer McNiven,
who arrived in the city the day before,
promised to investigate the matter
Christian Slverti Speaks.
Vice-president Christian Sivertz of
tho B. C. Federation of Labor, who is
delegate\to the postmen's eonvention,
was present and made a brief address.
Ho said tbis summons to speak was
sudden; that he came here to enjoy.a
smoke. This was flrst time that he had
the opportunity to appear before the
Vancouver Trades aad Labor council.
He was pleased to be among the stalwarts of the British Columbia Lnbqr
movement who had bo ably directed the
Labor affairs in this province. Because
that his lot was cast with the cause of
the workers ho'could not remove bis activities elsewhere. Ht was with his
fellows heart and soul because of his
own interests. Tho workers of the
world were now experiencing new sensations. Great changes of views wero
going on in their minds ns to the outcome of tho present Lnbor situation,
nnd nlso that of tho future. The fnct
remains, however, that the Labor movement can only proceed along tho
grounds of progressive lines. "Wo wero
not only materialists, but wo wero also
material. All othor things being ethical." Labor was influenced by high
ideals, and humnu progress must always be anchored to them. Ethical objects were best combined with the necessities of obtaining daily bread. Men
who did not realize the necessity of
eating or sleeping wero considered insane, so it was that progress could only
bo made through higher ideals, the
main strength in obtaining the same
was good meals and proper rest. The
Labor movement can only remove hu-
mnnity from wage slavery and the
workers kept from falling below tho
lino of poverty. Ho wns proud to lend
his assistance to the Lnbor movement.
Tho visiting letter carriers would be
pleased to meet with the loaders of the
west nnd converse with them, cxehnng-
ing their views on Labor. Mr. Sivertz
took his seat amidst applause.
Yesterday's Sessions—Dance and Concert—Adjournment To-morrow
Yesterday's sessions were devoted to
discussions of tho beneficiary features
of the organization.
The visitors, guests of the local post-
men, were entertained nt a danco and
concert in tho Lnbor Temple.
Tho delegates wero taken over the
city in the B. C. E. R. observation car
and thoy thoroughly enjoyed the trip.
Thero nre over fifty present from nil
parts of Canada.
The sessions will terminate tomorrow.
Tho officers are: President, Wm. H.
Hoop, Winnipeg, Man.; vice-president,
Em. Sorgerie, Montreal, Que.; secretary-treasurer, Alex. McMordio, Toronto, Ont.
Old-time Business Agent '' Jimmie''
Robison Again on the Job.
Tho Carpenters' unions in Vancouver
arc coming back to life. Last week tho
Building Trades council placed "Bill"
Nagle iu the field. This weok "Jlm«
mie" Robinson is again "on the road,"
after a lapse of some two years, in tho
interests of tho brotherhood. Ho reports that tho carpenters aro anxious to
see their organization put bnck on tho
map. The general wago now being paid,
under unorganized conditions, seems to
bo about $8.00, but ia some cases $4 for
eight hours is boing paid. There is a
fair demand for carpenters now, and
tho prospecls for a "como back" aro
very bright. "Ono thing is certain,"
said Business Agent Robinson to Tho
Federationist yesterday, "the enrpen-
tors hnve gone ns fnr down ns was possible. Thero is only ono way we can go
now, and thnt is up. And wo nre suro
on the way—not in thc air, either. You
can !ook out for developments in tho
building trndes, that is, what is loft of
it, during the noxt fow weeks. The employers hnvo had their innings for tho
pnst threo years. We are at Inst in a
position whero wo enn go nfter n piece
of the 'prosperity' resulting from a
slight increase in available work, with
more than n corresponding decrease in
tho number of nvnilnblc men. And wo
propose to mnko the best of it." PAGE TWO
...AUGUST IS, 1916
98 BrinchM In Oinadt
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
Assuti 188,000,000
Deposits  48,000.000
Household Banking
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to bo a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Interest is
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid up capl'il     6,000,000
Reserve (aad        8,489,882
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts,
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Unsqoallsd Vaudeville Means
2:46, 7:20, 9:16    Smmou'i Pricei:
16c;   BfWlngs,   16c,   26c.
Some of Onr Beit Cuitomcn
are among the trade unionists of
J Greater   Vancouver.     In   some
cases, where a customer
we are willing to talk it over.
Come in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture in
British Columbia.
Hastings Funuture Co.Ud.
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
3elu$ frech oobc
Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Settlere—
TERMS—Eesldonce on tho land
for at least three years; improvements to the eitont of $5 por
acre; bringing undor cultivation
at least five acres.
For further information apply to
Published every Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
R.  Farm.  Pettipiece Manager
Offlce:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymonr 7406
Subscription:    $1.50 per yoar; in Vaneoaver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in • body, $1.00
New Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
l'rinco Rupert W. K. Denning, Box 531
Victoria A. 8. Weils, Box  1538
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World"
.AUGUST 18. iyi<i
IT HAS BEEN long known that employers of labor have used unscrupulous ami conscienceless scalawags to
act  as  spies and  detectives inside  of
Labor organizations, for the purpose of
keeping  themselves
GOOD informed as to whnt
REASON is going on, and also
POR ALARM. for the furthor pur
pose of causing friction and stirring up strife within such
organizations and thus nullifying their
efforts along any line beneficial to labor.
At onc time such unions as the Western
Federation of Labor, the Bridge and
Structural Iron Workers and others
were feared aad respected by the employers to the extent of a most pronounced hesitancy upon their part beforo thoy would take tho risk of a
struggle with them. But at' last tho em-
oyers learned how to copo with the
difficulty in such a manner as to mako
victory nbsolutoly certain. Fighting
the union by means of treachery within
its ranks became the order. Spies,
sleuths and such skunks were employed
to work from within tho unions. Out
of that aeething and loathsome cauldron
of hell itself, the slave camp of modern
capitalism, comes forth a stew so vile
and morally rotten that selections can
bo obtained from it for nny purpose, no
matter how low, mean and degrading.
For fewer pieces of silver than Judas
betrayed Christ, these slimy creatures
are planted in the unions and play their
infamous part by, as a rule, becoming
active and apparently zealous members.
They report all doings to thoir employers, and if there be nothing doing they
get busy and start something. Distrust of
union officials is spread amongst the
membership, and all kinds of effort put
forth to create dissension nnd discord
within the ranks. All of these things
and many more are dono, until the seed
thus sown bears its legitimate fruitage
and the organization is either wrecked
or emasculated.
* *       *
That the one time powerful Western
Federation of Miners has been all but
wrecked by exactly that process, is well
known to all who have followed its history during the last decade. That this
very same policy, was largely responsible for the ruinous route travelled by
the Bridge and Structural Iron Workers
that led up to the McNamara disclosures of a few years since, is equally
certain. That the same policy is now
getting in its work upon the United
Mine Workers of America, is becoming
clearly in evidence. The flat has evidently gone forth from Wall street that
this is to be, henceforth, the chief policy
to be pursued in dealing with these economic organizations of labor. And it is
a policy against which there is no defence, within the realm of so-called economic action. At least there ia no
known safeguard against treachery
within tha union. The danger of disruption is always present. We need not
hope to escape it by any ostrich-like
method of hiding our fears in the sands
of doubt. The menace is a real one,
nnd there is good ground for alarm.
* *      *
It is said that nothing is certnin in
this world but death and taxes. But to
lny all jokes aBide, of one thing we may
be reasonably sure, and that is that in
the economic field labor is weak and
cosily beaten, while in the political field
labor is invincible. The capitalists are
absolute mnBtors of tho field of wealth
production, Thoy own nn*3 control the
means of produclion and distribution.
That is the economic field. Within that
fiold labor it is truo enn kick up trouble,
but it can never win n victory. It never
has won it and it never can. Whatever concessions have nt any time been
grnntod tlio workors by the masters, can
nt nny timo bo taken nwny because
Labor holds no commnnd of that economic field. It is entirely in tho hands of
the master class. And as the development of capitalist property becomes
more complcto, and its holdings concon-
trato in the hands of fewer and ^renter
eoncorns, the ability of so-cnlled economic organizations of labor to withstand
tho pressure becomes over less. They
arc moro and moro completely whipped
in tho struggle over wnges and conditions of labor. Tho nvernge wage was
nevor lower than nt present. Theso facts
stnro us too plainly in thc fnce to even
admit of dispute.
+      *      *
Whilo tho workors ennnot conquer
bettor conditions of living from a hostile
class firmly entrenched in control of its
own economic field, they can conquer in
n politicnl Btrugglo, and thus obtain
command of that fiold in behalf of themselves ns a claBB. Tho reason for this is
obvious. Tlie workors are mnny, tho
capitalists few. In tho economic field
nf capital tho wenknoss of tho working
class lios in thc enormous number composing that class. Thero nro nlways
largo numborB who cannot flnd room for
themsolvos in industry, Thoro is always
a surpluB rff laborers on tho markot.
Against such a circumstanco it is impossible to forco a bottormont of conditions for the workers, It is flnch a
self-ovidont fact that no argument is
necessary to confirm it. If there was a
scarcity of laborers,'that is if the supply of labor wob less than the demand
for it, it would not be necessary to demand and enforce better wages and conditions, for the very good reason that
these things would come without it.
Better wages and terms would bo offered by purchasers of labor power in
order to obtain what they wanted. In
the economic field of capital then, labor's weakness lies in numbers. Upon
the political field, however, whero the
struggle is for the mastery of the economic field, instead of a struggle for jobs
nnd wages, the victory rests with thc
side which has the greatest number in
its ranks. In that struggle, labor can
win hands down, because of its overwhelming numbers. That' which is its
weakness in a squabble for wages and
bettor terms, becomes its tower of
strength in the battlo for mastery pf tho
political state and its consequent mastery of tho field of wealth production,
the economic field now controlled by tho
cnpitaliBt class.
♦ * *
There is not only cause for alarm iu
the present situation, but tho timo has
come for a now alignment of lnbor
forces, nnd for nn altogether different
purpose than that of squabbling ovor
wages and othor conditions and circum
stances of slavery. Tho timo has come
for the hosta of labor to abandon the
consideration of oats ond hay problemB
for mules, and rise to the intellectual
level of solving the world problem of
lifo and liberty for the men nnd womon
who do the world's work. Onco the
workers tarn their attention to tho solution of that problem, there will be good
reason for alarm in the capitalist camp,
an alarm that will speedily become a
expending additional labor upon them
in the way of preservation and repairs.
To sum it all up, tho wenlth produced
within any given period of time, is consumed within that, or an approximate
period. There are no accumulation beyond that which is manifested in tub
storage of one year's crop to meet the
daily requirements until tho noxt harvest is reached. The entire living of
thc world is a mero "hand to mouth existence," That any part of human so^
ciety lives upon accumulated wealth is
all moonshine. All members of human
society draw their sustenance, whether
it be much or little, each day and year,
from that which is practically tho product of labor during that same period.
Even the rich possess no accumulation
of wealth. All they do possess is the
powor to take tho wealth that may be
produced each day and yoar, and appropriate sueh portion us they desire to
tlieir own immediate requirements and
convert the balanco into additional
orders upon the futuro. Somo fable,
thnt accumulation yarn, isn't it?
DID    TOU    EVER   read    Mso_iJs
fables?   No doubt you have, but
it was probably during your earlier years.   It is to be hoped, however,
that you have not forgotten tho many
wiso    lessons    and
£3SOP'S sound   moral    pre-
FABLES copts    that    clovef
AND OTHERS. Greek Blave brought
to your attention
through the medium of nnimals and
evon inonimato things, which ho so
cleverly endowed with reason and
speech. Tou say you hove not forgotten? Well! well! that iB good, that is
flne. Fine chap, that JEsop. Chock
full of wisdom, and possessed of a very
clever knnck of devising ways and
means of handing it down to succeeding generations. Lived about five or
six hundred years before Christ. Been
dead a long time now, but his fables
Btill live and do duty ns a means of indenting the plastic understanding of
youth with nicks of wiBdom that timo
can scarce wear smooth again. The
only kind of fable that JEsov turned
out of his shop was the kind calculated
to point a moral or impress a truth.
While it may have been quite the fashion during JEsop's time to manufacture
that sort of fable, it is different now.
We are living in another age and things
have changed wonderfully since Mso-p
passed over the divide. Fables are now
required for an entiroly different purpose than JEsop had in view, hence the
difference in their construction.
* *■    ■*
Take that threadbare old fable about
the accumulation of wealth, for in*
stance. No wonder it iB showing signs
of wear, for it has been worked overtime for lo, these many moons. Did you
ever stop to realize what a ridiculous
old legend it is? Certainly not, certainly not. No one would be foolish enough
to do that except some one loaded up
with freakish notions about capital,
and wages, and proporty, and production, and exploitation and a lot more of
such rot, and the lord knows that you
are not nfflictod that way. Of course
he does. Everybody knows that
"wealth accumulates and men decay,"
for did not the poet intimate as much?
And who should know more about it
than the dreamer of dreams and singer
of songB? If you will, howover, closely
scrutinize that accumulateon-of-woalth
legend, you will discover that it is very
largely a figment of tho imagination, a
veritable fable that neither affirms a
precept nor points a moral. The
gonornl acceptance of this fable as a
fact, is in the nature of a splendid tri-
buto to tho robust vigor of human credulity.
* *       *
Tho wenlth of tho world consists of
articles of food, clothing, Blicltcr, furniture, tools, otc, in fact all that mass of
stuff that presents itself to ub in tho
form of tho usnblo things of everyday
life. And all of these things are perishable. They ennnot bo stored up and
hold except for vory brief periods. A
heavy percentage of thom cannot be
kept at all, but must be consumed at
onco. Even thoso which possess tho
most durable nnd lasting qualities, very
soon succumb to tho nttackB of time.
All of the foodstuffs of tho world are
consumed ns fast as produced. At tho
gathering of each year's harvest thero
is littlo moro than n trace of tho previous yenr's crop left, Tho margin between each year's product and tho actual requirements for the year, is bo
narrow that tho slightest unfnvornblo
crop prospect's cause nervous flutters of
fright. As with food so it is with
clothing. Is is used up ns fnst as pro-
duced. Each year's crop of wool, cotton, flax, otc, is but sufficient to moot
the requirements until tho following
crop is available. Tho lifo of buildings,
furnituro, tools, otc, extends, as a rule
over longer periods than that of foodstuffs and clothing, but tho consuming
process begins as soon as those things
aro turned out from the workors'
hands. And even tho moat durable of
thoso things are mado to last for any
considerable timo, only by continually
1'   T IS WITH great pleasure that wo
road tho roport of tho Canadian Pacific railway for tho fiscal year ending
with June BO, 191(1.   The gross earnings
from   railway   and  lake   and   coastal
steamers    for    tho
A TIDY year,   amounted   to
LITTLE $129,481,885-   work-
NEST EGO. ing oxponsos,  $80,-
225,956; not earnings, $49,255,920. This tidy littlo
nest egg of over $49,000,000 is
clear swag with the exception of the
magnificent sum of $125,000 deducted
as n contribution to pension fund. The
trifling amount left after such deduction is all that remains for distribution
among tlie owners ns dividends or to be
held in thc surplus swng fund, for futuro use. Wo do not know how many
employees tho C. P. R. kindly gives
work to daring the year, but oven
should tho number run as high as 49,000,
the returns to the company for its kindness would bo at the rate of $1000 per
head. Even this might be looked upon
ns a fairly reasonable return for bread
cast judiciously upon the waters, out of
pure benevolence and goodness of heart.
But, as everybody well knows this swng
represents what the employees of tho
company produced but did not get, they
nre entitled to congrutulntions, not only
for possessing such rcmarkablo powers
of production, but also for their self-
snerifice in so cheerfully donating such
a largo portion of its results to the material'and spiritual welfare of the kindly souls—C. P. R. owners—who givo
them work. The owners noed no congratulations.   They get the money.
MENTION WAS mado in these columns last week, of the serious
nlarm being felt in tho bosom of
the Manufacturers' Association ovor the
terrible depletion of the Btock of labor
in the British  Co-
THAT lumbia  market,   in
SCARCITY consequence of tho
OF LABOB. drains made through
enlistment, and the
offer of "fabulous wages" elsewhere
That the labor shortage feared has not
yet arrived in shown by the fact that
2267 had registered for work in the Saskatchewan harvest fields, in this city
alone up to noon on August 14. These
manufacturers can obtain all the labor
they requiro to operate their little tin-
pot concernB if they will pay anything
like decent wages, and they won't have
to go outside of the province to get
it, either. They will bo far moro apt
to drop dend from heart failure because
of being compelled to pay living wages
than through inability to obtain the
labor required. There never has beon
any scarcity of labor on earth since the
years immediately following the ravages of tho Black Plague in Europe, in
tho 15th and 16th centuries. If this
war continues long enough to as completely drain the labor market as did
the Plague, tho wage rate may advance
to a point that will Beriously wrench
the heart Btrings of the employers of
labor, or their purso strings, which is
the same thing.
Billy Sunday Tunes
His Tuneful Lay
(Continued from Page 1.)
tor's programme.    At least thoro wos
nothing any more convincing than that.
What He Said.
This celebrated cxhortcr—beg pardon, cavortor—is said to havo gathered
large stores of gold and silver siinolcous
during his career ns such. It is n sort
of psychological mystery how he has
been ablo to get away with it, unless it
can bo accounted for upon the hypothesis thnt the mentality of the mob, having become surfeited nnd cloyed
through a long diet of thoso heavy aphorisms and rich chunks of wisdom peculiar to the C liar Ho Chaplin course of
culture, turns for relief to tho moro
easily digestible mental Comestibles
(jhat aro afforded by tlio Billy Sunday
school of blank vacuity. During his
performance at the rink, Sunday said
nothing thut possessed either weight or
merit. He gavo utterance to nothing
outside of thc usual mouthings and
frothings of the anti-liquor zealot nnd
fanatic, lie offered no argument to
show what evils might result from an
improper, or uny other use of liquor,
but confined himself exclusively to wild,
und in many enses sonsjlcss accusations
aimed ut those who hud anything to do
with tho liquor traffic All vice; crime
aud misery was, according to him, thc
result of tho liquor traffic. Awful talcs
(lid ho toll of men maddened by liquor,
who boat their mothers' heads to a pulp
with sticks of stove-wood, otc, but he
forgot to mention that many deeds
equally horrible and to bo deplored, had
been committed by men mado insane by
othor means than liquor, and not tho
least prolific of which lias boon religion,
itself. Tho burden of his song was that
tho working people spent wages in tho
saloons that ought to fall into tho coffers of tho sollors of othor things One
would foel suro that it was only workingmen who patronized tho saloon, according to Billy Sunday. And yet this
is not truo. It is safe to assert that
thore is a smaller percentage of tho
workors who are addicted to drink, than
there is of the class that lives upon
their backB.
A Mountebank.
This type of mountebank, however,
can, with perfect Bafety, indulge in a
low vulgarity that would got a real socialist or labor advocate into troublo.
Some of the coarse vulgarity indulged
in by this worthy upon tho occasion in
question, must have caused somo of our
sincere and earnest religious souls to
wince. For instance, when the "Rev.
Dr. Billy" called upon the drunkard
who had been sont to hell, to come forth
"and tako God by tho collar and tell
him to his faco that ho had not played
fair," bocause, forsooth, this drunkard
hud been sent to hell, while the man
who had been in favor of the liquor
traffic had been allowed to go to heaven,
could not have boen a very edifying
spectacle to any one who really believed
in the existence of a personal Deity, and
that such a Diety wns entitled to reverence aud respect. To such a person,
"Billy's" low buffoonery must have
approached perilously near to tho vulgarly profane, and must have brought a
feeling of disgust. But this mountebank's efforts hero fell pretty fiat.
The prohibition movement gained
nothing by his visit. It is rather
more thnn likely thnt tho liquor interests aro rottlly indebted to tho "drys"
for huving brought him hero. It might
prove not an unprofitable investment
for the "wets" if the "drys" could bo
prevailed upon to arrange for a repetition of tho performance one or moro
times during the campaign, Tho
wets" could well afford to stand the
Only Reason Others Remain Is Because
Circumstances Compel Them
to Remain.
[By Jas. H. McVoty]
(Secrotary Machinists' Union)
Tho machinists who went to Great
Britain with G. N. BarncB, M. P., keep
drifting back ono or two at a timo—
that is, those who can mnke enough to
save their faro money como back, and
tho remainder, particularly tho married
men, who nevor get for enough
ahead of the game to got away,
aro compelled to stay whether
they aro satisfied or not . From
evory one of thoso returned the writer
hns heard tlio samo tale of bad conditions, low wages, high cost of living and
the existence of an obnoxious law that
provents workmen from securing omploymont unless they are nblo to produce a clearance from the shop in which
they wero last employed. Of course, in
districts whore the wages are low, the
employers refuse to grant' clearances,
and any workmnn who leaves is unable
to secure employment olsowhoro, consequently thero is littlo chance of increasing the wage. Fault is found with tho
Amalgamated Society of Enginoors for
ita   attitude   towards   unionistB   from
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Royal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
Canada, the members of the Interna
tional Association of Machinists being
treated as though they wero nou-union-
ists who refused to join. Tho one gleam
of sunshine appears to havo been the
reception given tho British Columbia
boys by Sir Richard McBrido, agent-
gonernl for British Columbia, in London. No trouble was too great for him i g
to tnko the timo to solvo it, and thoso J
who culled upon him express 'gratitude
for thc mnrkod contrast in the treatment received nt his hands compared
with that accorded by British unionists.
Fully modern ftvc?room bungalow
on George Street, South Vnncouver
for $1550. Small amount of cash ro;
quired.    Balance on very easy tonus.
Very pmul six-room houso on 20th
Avenue East, modern, full basement,
good furnace, nice garden.) Lot 3!)x
120 on very easy terms.
Wu Imve some very choico lots on
Pago Road, near Eraser for $100.
Wo have two othro lots In South Vancouver for $50 each. Those are real
bargains. ,
Wo havo many houses, stores and
apartments at a very low rental in
all parts of the city. Any information desired cheorhilly given.
^H&> Of America    	
Vote against prohibition! Demand personal liberty in choosing what yon will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that lt la Union Made, This la our Labol
in the
The Act Does Not Prohibit
Read Clause 57 which provides for the man
who has money and a home of his own securing all the liquor he wants by sending out of
the Province for his supply.
But-Read Clause 3 which
Read the Act    Learn What it Means
Copies of the Act (complete text) may be obtained on application to Merchants' Protective
Association, Room 24, Canada Life Building,
Vancouver. Any enquiries concerning the Bill
will cheerfully be answered from this offlce.
meets room 205, Labor Temple, every
i Monday. 8 p.m. Prosldent, D. \V. MeDougall,
M62 Powell street; recording secretary,
t. N, Elgar, Labor Temple; flnanclal secre-
| tary and business agent, E. II. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.	
sociatfon, Local B8-62,    Office snd hall,
10 Powell streot.    Meets ovorj- Thursday 8
&m.    Geo. Thomas, business agont; Thomas
ixnn. secretary.
nnd fourth Thursdays nt 8 p.m. President
J. Mclvor; recording seeretsry, J, Urookes;
financial secretary, J, H, MeVety, 211 Labor
"tomplo,    Seymour 7495.
Moots second and fourth Thursdays, Labor
Tomplo, 8 p.m. President, George Anderson,
231(1 Prlnco Edward street; phone Fairmont
1720-0. Socrotary, Stanley Tiller, 812 Eigh-
teonth avonue west; phone Fairmont 763L.
MOVING    PICTURE    MACHINE    OPERATORS'   UNION,   Local   848.,   I.   A.   T.
S. E, A M. P. M, 0.—Meeta first Sunday of ',
eaoh  month,  Room  204,    Labor    Temple./.,   „
President, J. C. Lachanco; business agent, W.    *
IS.   McCartney;   flnanclal   and   corresponding,V j,
iecretary, H. C. Roddan. P. 0. Box 845.        I
AMERICA—Vancouver ,*nd. ■■«V<-,*«-    J I
niitucn   moots  second and fourth   Mondays,} .
Room  205,   Labor Tomple.    President,  Ray I J
I MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue west; financial   seoretary,    J,   Campbell,    4809    Argyle
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street; phone Bayvlew 2686L,
. ——— ... — —   —J
lirst and third Thursdays. Executive
board: James 11. McVety, president; R. N,
Myles. vice-president; Helena Gutteridgo,
general secretary, 210 Labor Templo)
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms. John Sully; A.
Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, trua
Moots   second   Monday   in   the   month.
Prosldent, J. McKinnon;  sercetary,   R.   H.
Neelands, P. 0. Hex 66.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Office,
Room 208 Labor Temnle. Meets first
Sunday of oach montb. Presidont, James
Campbell; financial secretary, H. Davis, Bos
424; phono, Soy. 4752; recording secretary,
Win. Mottlshqw, Globe Hotel, Main atreet.
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
.Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in the montb,
room 205, Labor Tomple. Presidont, L. B.
Merritt; seoretary, S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
—Meets every lut ond 3rd Tuesday,
8 p.m., Room 307. Presidont, P. Dickie;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
53; financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; business
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 215.
U. B. W. of A.—Moots first and third Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor Temple,
8 p.m, Presidont. A. Sykes; socretary, Chas.
G. Austin, 732 Seventh avonue east._
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouvor Lodge No. 194—Meets
firBt and third Mondays, 8 p.m. Presidont,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue west;
secrotary, A. Fraser. 1151 Howe street.
PACIFIC—Meets at 487 Goro avenue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russoll Kearley, business
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION (VANCOUVER), No. 69—Moots second Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room 204. Presidont, W. Bell,
2220 Vine street; seoretary-treasurer, E,
Waterman, 1167 Goorgla street; reeordlng
seoretary, W. Shannon, 1739—28th avenne
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
vice-president. R. E, Rigby; recording secre*
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street; financial secrotary and business agent, Fred. A.
Hoover. 2409 Clark drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held first Tuesday in each month, 8 p.m.
President, Prsncls Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording see., C. McDonald, Box 603; flnanolal secretary, H.
Nordlwnd, P. 0. Box 508.
 ~    UNION,    NO.    226.—
Meets last Sunday of each month at 2
| p.m. Prosldent, Wm. H. Youhill; vice-president, W, R, Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R.
H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
in annual convention In January. Executive officers, 1016-17: President, Jas. H. McVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison;   Victoria,   C.   Siverts;
. New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompson, P. 0. Box 156; Rossland,
IH. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 16,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secrotary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, P,
0. Box 1538, Victoria, B. C.
""" VIOTOBIA, B. 0.	
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Moots first and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government street, at 9
p. in. President, G. Taylor; socrotary, P,
Holdrldge, Box 802. Victoria, B. 0.
of America,  local 784,  New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.    Seeretary, P. W. Jameson, Box 496.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tho Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
In a portion of tho Province of British Columbin, may be leased for a torm of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an aore. Not
moro than 2,560 aores will be leased to one
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of tho district In which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and tn nnsurveyod territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of 15, which wtll be refunded If the
rights applied for are noi available, bat not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at tbe rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish tho Agent with sworn returns accounting for tbe full quantity of merchantable
ooal mined and par the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least once
* 7_eiir'
The lease will tnolado the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may bo considered necesssry for the working
of the mine at the rate ot 110 an acre.
Por full information application ahonM ba
made to the Seeretary of the. Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior,
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid tor—80690
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0. n... i. i n .uuiyij ji, mi   .ijl ni.mnWgp^B
You Like a Glass of
Good Beer
BECOME LAW you would have to buy beer brewed in
another province, which means you would probably get an
inferior article with the added privilege of contributing
to the coffers of a transportation company.
and buy it in
Mark your Ballot "NO"
Brewed and Bottled by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
UTe Hillcrest Dairy
means unemployment for your fellow
is good for all men| total obstinonoo is a matter of expediency for some
men. Toe total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
tho abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink) it's a food.   Ask yonr dealer for onr
Sets Forth His Policy In a
Stirring Speech Last
One Thousand Votes Will
Elect and His Friends
WiU Poll Them
Mr. J. E. Wilton, tlio Lubor candidate
in South Vancouvor-Burnaby riding,
has mudti a good start in his campaign.
His first meeting last week waa woll
attended, and lie was given a splendid
reception. Subcommittees are being
organized throughout the riding, and as
the money is_ collected by them, other
arrangements'will be completed which
will make certain his election. With
less than 3000 votes to be cast, hiB
friends figure that 1000 votcB will clocf
him, and they claim that will be easy.
However, they are not going to permit
over-confidence to deter their efforts.
At his meeting last night, Mr. Wilton
said, in part:
Mr. Wilton's Address.
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Oontlemen: In
appearing before you as a candidate for the
South Vancouvor-Burnaby riding, representing as I do tho working people, it may ho
that 1 do not possess the power of oratory,
possessed by my two oppononts; when wo
consider thoy are both professional men—one
a lawyer and. the othor a preacher of the
gospel—but it they havo the advantage of
college training and book learning and oratorical powers upon tho platform, I venture
to say that my practical experience—learned
in the college of hard knocks—my earnestness nnd sincerity to accomplish something in
lii-half of tho common people, cannot bo
eclipsed by either of thom. Now, that I am
In tho field—a worklngman's candidate—■
both my oppononts have developed a streak
of independence, but you know whnt Mr.
Bowser will do wilh tho Rov. Boulton if ho
over dares to lift up his voice in independence—his political head would immediately
come off. (Cheers and laughter.) Both the
Liberal and Conservative candidates will, as
usual, promise you anything in order to get
your votes—it has always been their custom
—and I cannot see thnt my opponents are
any better than the usual typo that represent
theso parties. I want to say ono word before
I continue, in reference to tho conduct of my
campaign, I intend that the issues Bhall not
be boclouded by personalities, by those
wretched mud-throwing tactics so dear to tho
hoart of the party candidates. So far as I
am concornod, I shall only refer to my opponents as the representatives of their particular
party machines. I was told that I could not
win this election, becauso all tho votes would
bo bought—and that money would deprive
tho workers of a representative at Victoria.
But I do not bellove such tactics can defeat
me. Wo at least, will not buy any votes—
and if I con judge from the amount of support already promised me, I am satisfied that
the workers will havo their own representative at Victoria—one who is freo and has no
strings fastened around his neck.'
Consistency ln the Lahor Oause.
During the last ten years I have been consistent in behalf of the working people.
Whonover possible 1 have fought for the
rights of the workers, ln tho Asiatic exclusion movemont I consistently endeavored to
havo laws enacted that would effectively prevont the large influx of Orientals to this province. And while both the Liberal and Conservative parties Btand for a white British
Columbia—it is in namo only—if they were
not arrant hypocrites upon this question, thoy
could havo passed measures that would have
effectively checked the large influx of Asia-
Hcb to those shores. Why is it that the employers in the various industries in this province prefer to employ tho colored men in
preference to the British workmen—the white
worker! It is because they aro cheaper. I
will not admit that the white worker is inferior to tho Asiatic, but the Asiatic is cheaper, and lt is cheap labor that the employers
want. And if the government had been sincere thoy could have passed provincial legislation that would have gone far to exclude
tho Asiatics. The most effective legislation
would be tho enacting of a minimum wage,
making It compulsory for employers, If thoy
would employ Asiatics, they would have to
pay them the same wages aB they pay the
whito workers. Then legislation could be
passed that would compel tho Chineso that
infest the cities of the province, breeding vice
and crime In our midst, to spread out to tho
light of day, and live somewhat, at least, on
the lines that wo expect in our form of civilization. And In ail'contracts, in all mining
leases, a whito labor clause could be placed
making it compulsory on the part of tho
lessees to employ only white lauor. Thero
aro ways of dealing with this question provincial^ if tho govornment were not hypocritical on the question. Mr. Boulton (my Conservative opponent) tells you he ia in favor
of dealing with tho matter at once along
Australian lines. Let me tell Mr. Boulton
that ho can do no such thing. Tho question
of Asiatic exclusion is a Dominion question.
The provincial government cannot exclude as
Australia has done, but the provincial government can do much to minimize tho evil if
it is sincere. When the Labor commission
sat In Vancouvor. I wont beforo thnt body
and it was my advocacy of tho half-holiilny
that started the shop employees in tho agitation which has ended in men- getting thnt
boon. I advocatod changes to tho Factories'
act, and these havo been made, and I ndvo-
Established 1904
Wo operate our own distillery
at New Westminster, whoro our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making aro prepared with
groat caro from the best selected
grains that money can buy.
Doa't forgot when ordering
from your grocer to ask for tho
B. C, article.
Vinegar Works
Telephone High. 286
catod many measures in behalf of the workors that have yet to bo secured. The advocacy must continue. *
Land Settlement,
Whilst much has boen snid about settling
pooplo upon the land during the last two
years, there has beon no tangible scheme put
forth by the authorities. Nono of tha candidates in the province, so fur, have given an
intelligent outline for land settlement. I
proposo that if I am returned to Victoria to
urge upon whichever party is returned to
powor, a land settlement scheme along these
linos: Suitable blocks of land shall bo surveyed by tho government, and divided into
sections, tho land graded into three grades,
The first grade section to be smaller than the
second and the second smaller than the third,
so that quantity would innke up fer quality.
Thon in the most central pnrt of the block, a
townsite shall bo surveyed and Inid out In
ono-acre lots—as many one-acn- lots as there
nre sections in tho block. The sections to be
balloted for by the applicants, and in addition to the section that tho applicant would
draw thoro would go along with it a ono-acro
lot. In this way a village would soring up—
a community settlement—the settlers' families could live in the settlements while the
land was being worked; they could hnve
schools and some city comforts and companionship thnt would minimize the hardships of
pioneer life and back-block settlement, ThiB
system, whorover tried, has proved successful and will, if put Into operation In British
Columbia, add greatly to tho wealth of the
Dairy Farming.
And further than this. In tbe areas suitable for the dairying induwy, I would urge
tho establishment by the govornment of cooperative creameries, under government supervision, and the standardization uf the dairy
product. I also advocate preferential railway rates far farm products. Tbis would
benefit both producer und consumer, and a
bonus on dairy produce to encourage Ihe export of British Columbia produce. Last year
British Columbia imported $22,000,000 worth
of produce to feed her people, whilo Naw Zealand, which Ib much smaller tlmu this province, exported $100,000,000 worth of produce—$.10,000,000 moro export thnn Import,
Such beneficial measure would materially assist in building up this province and aid to a
permanent prosperity,
Money for Workingmen.
Mr. Lucas was sent to New Zealand and
Australia to bring back the Agricultural
Loans not. This cost the people of British
Columbia over $10,000. Hud the government
dosirous of helping the workers, it
could have found in New Zealand another act
—a loans to workers act—which during tho
flrst two years of its operations loaned $3,-
000,000 to the workers at 41^ and 5 per
cent. Such an act would enable the working
mon of this provinco to escape from the high
interest that they nre now forced to pay, and
would materially assist them in their struggles. I also advocated a Labor department at
Victoria. Thero is somo very good legislation upon tho statutes now, but the trouble
Is it is not enforced, and I want a Lnbor
department to enforce tho labor laws. Tho
Factories act, the Coal Mines Regulations
act, the Workmen's Compensation act, and
other measures ore good, but of what use are
these measures if thoy are not enforced. I
want the laws that aro mado to benefit tho
workors, properly enforced.
I would advocate tho sending of a trade'
agont to Australia, because there is a lnrge
volume of trade wniting for us if we go about
it In tho right way. Thoso countries prefer
to deal within the empire, but if wo want
that trado nnd tho benefit of a preferential
duty, wo must on this side of the Pacific play
our part. The Labor governmont in Australia will not give a preferential duty on an
Asiatic product. (Choers.) But if tho lumber interests will supply nn orticlo, the product of tho whito workers, then Australia
will bo ready to meet this province in trade
mattors. I advocate tho establishment of
state-owned colleries on Vancouver Islana,
bo that tho peoplo may secure their fuel at a
reasonable price, instead of having (o pay as
high as $7.50 or $8 a ton for coal that costs
about $1.30 to land it in Vancouver.
If there is ono black spnt on the political
caroor of Bowser, It is the brutal treatment
meted out to tho miners in that lamentable
strike on Vancouver Island, (Hear, hear.)
Had Mr. Bowsor had only a little of the
political sagacity of that great little Welshman—Lloyd George—ho wouid have gone to
thoso mines (who mind you wore not asking
for higher pay but only that the Coal Mines
Regulation Act be enforced); ho would have
said to thoso miners: "I will see that the
law is carried out, I will soo that no injustice
is dono to you," and then ho would have
gone to tho employers nnd he would have
said: "I will seo that justice is done to these
mon—nnd that no Injustice Ib done to yon.
Thnt great strike would have been averted,
nnd a quarter of a million dollars would have
been saved, and all the wickedness, the
wretchedness of the whole trouble averted.
Hut Mr. Bowser wan not just. He claims
thnt ho was firm, and had to be firm, and he
called out the militia, and makea a great display of his firmness by clubbing those miners
into submisBlon. Yet ho was such a weak-
kneed politician, such a spineless legislator,
that ho had not tho firmness to enforce the
Coal Minos Regulation act which ho had
helped to frame.
Building Railways.
When Sir Richard McBride came before
the peoplo with the railway policy, he told
them it was a business man's proposition,
nnd Mr. Bowser still claims that they oro
business mon, and yet had any ordinary
business firm conducted their affairs as the
affairs of the province had been mn during
the past thirteen years, the members of thnt
firm would hnvo been long Binco looking for
work. Something like $50,000,000 was the
amount of money pledged by this provinco
for the railway contractors—that was tho
credit of British Columbia given bo that the
contributors could go into the monoy market
and receive tho loanH for building the railways, and yet with that same credit the government could hnvo gone into the mone>
market and obtained the money, built th'e
railways for the people, and they would have
been an asset for nil time, and the revenue
from them would havo belonged to tho people.
A lot Is snid about the provincial debt.
Vou cannot gunge the prosperity nf a country
by its national dobt. Tho important noint is,
what nssets have the government built np to
balance the provincial dobt. If the government-owned utilities nre of greater value than
the nntional debt, then the country Is sound;
but if the debt is Incurred In an unhusincssr
like manner ns has boon tho caso in thla pro-
vince, (hen tbo position Is unsound.
Oovernment By Commission.
It Is difficult to understand fur what purpose tho so-called representatives of the
peoplo havo been elected in the past—apparently to pass tho supply bills and receive
their salaries. If the men you return to parliament aro incapable of enacting legislation
then thoy should not represent you. It is n
notorious fuel that whenever any important
piece of legislation was concerned, a commission was appointed to find out how to do it.
And these commissions cost the country
large sums uf money. Tho Labor commission
cost over $40,000, the agricultural commission over $48,000, coal commission over
$10,000, and the Indian affairs commission
over $80,000, and so it goes. There orb
many more, but I will not burden you with
(ho details. The system is a wicked, wasteful
Ono, and if tbo members who are supposed to
roprosont you, If tbey only had half the intelligence ihey tell you they hftVO when seeking your votes, Uiey should bo in a position
lo attend to tbo affairs of the cuimiry; thui
is what you pay ibem for.
ln reference lo the soldiers' vole, Mr,
Wilt-ni said that bad the government don**
lbe right thing, il would have given that vote
lo the IllOtllorS, wives nnd sisters of lite men
who had gone to ILht the battles of ihe Umpire He was in full accord wilh the granting of women's suffrage, and would gu further than tlio government iu this matter,
lie would have tlie municipalities act amended
so thai the wives ut property owners should
have nn equal right with their husbands to
vote   nl   inuilioipftl  elections.
The question of prohibition had been put
up to the people, and it was for them lu suy
whether they would linve prohibition or
not—candidates only had one vote on (his
question, lbe same as olher voters, aud the
best he could do was lo vote for it. But
there were two vital questions that none uf
tbe candidates hail su far dealt with, and he
proposed to ask himself these two questions
and answer tbem.
"What will be my attitudo if tho prohibition bill carries in regard to compensation f
i am absolutely ajfuinal euiupensation.
"And what will bo my attitudo if prohibition does not Carry!" Then I am in favor
uf stato ownership ami  cunlrol of tho liquor
The Increased Cost of Living.
The cost of living was gradually increasing,
and the government snt idly by and did
nutblng lo mimlnizo the hardships of the
masses of tho people—a 12 oz. loaf of bread
instead of a 10 or., one wns a tremendous
rise, and ono which lbe puor people could
uol afford to pay—the children of the poor
should not have to go hungry—if necessary
the government should sou that no mure profits were squeezed out of tho people in this
way. The government should see lo it Hint
lb necessities of lifo sbutild be supplied lu
the people at a fair prloo—even If il meant
(as had been done by tbo labor government
of New South Wales) the taking Ovor of all
the bakeHos and running tbem as government
bake shops.
Mr .Wilton finished with an appeal to the
pruplu to elect him un lbe 14th of September.
lie was free from all parties. He would
support either tho Conservatives or Liberals,
as he felt the justice of their case demanded,
lie would demand that tho laws of the provinco be strictly enforced. It was only just
that tbe workers should have representation
at Victoria-—thoy had an opportunity In
South Vancouver at this time, and \t they did
their duty to themselves, tho Issuo was not
In doubt,    (applause).
days That Upon His Record
in Labor Movement He
Should Be Elected
General Offensive Upon All
Political Fronts to Begin Next Week
CINCE THE eloao of nominations for
•J candidates for the British Columbia
legislature thoro has boon a temporary
lapso in political interest. A lull pro-
codos the storm. And thiB lull in political excitement is being utilized by the
opposing political forces to Btrongthon
their defences, estimate tho strength of
their oppononts and decide upon the
best plan of attack. After this "exhibition" wook, there is every promise of
a political campaign which will eclipse
any of recent years iu this province.
Dissatisfaction With Old Parties.
Indications, in the shape of political
advertisements and otherwise, would
point to a campaign of "mud-slinging"
between tho "too old" parties. Ke-
cent developments and investigations
have furnished both Conservatives and
Liberals with plenty of ammunition.
The number of independent candidates
for this election would seem to point out
that people are becoming disgusted with
this sort of thing, and it is more than
possible that when grits and tories aro
through with their wrangling they may
discover that whilo thoy wero thus employed, some ono else got away with
some of their scats.
Labor Must Help Itself.
So far as the wago-workors are concerned, their desire for direct representation hns always been manifest. Labor
can bo truly represented only by Labor.
And nn opportunity ia afforded in this
election for the workers of this city to
vote for thoir own. With W. R. Trotter
in the field, the members of organized
labor have one who last year received
tho nomination from the largest number
of anionB affiliated with the Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, and was subsequently the choice of the combined
membership in the referendum which
followed. Thus his nomination in the
present' contest is placed on the broadest possible basis, and there can be no
donbt but that he ia a proper, fit and
chosen standard-bearer of Labor for
this constituency.
Candidate Trotter's Becord.
W. R. Trotter has for 25 years carried
a paid-up union card. He had a record
in the Canadian labor world before he
come to Vancouver. For years previous
he had been one of the foremost figures
in the conventions of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, and had represented that body aa a fraternal delegate at two conventions of the British
Labor party, at the Scottiah Trades
Congress, and also at the convontion of
tho American Federation of Labor. At
tho request of the Trades and Lnbor
Congress of Canada, he spent two winters in Great Britain in connection with
emigration matters, and lias made a
special study of this question as it af-
ects theworkers of the Dominion. His
reports in connection with immigration
are considered ns text-books on that
particular question.
( While resident, in Winnipeg, nominations wee tendered him in tho Manitoba
campaigns, which, however, he was unable to accept. His nomination here at
this time, is opportune, and will result
in a rallying of the Labor vote on Sept.
14, which, without a Lnbor candidate,
would be absont from the polls.
W. R. Trotter never sidesteps an
issue. Ho can not be bought' nor bullied. Ho does not abandon a principle,
oven at the risk of becoming unpopular.
It enn never bo said of him that ho
"runs with the hare nnd barks with the
hounds." In this respect ho is not, in
the cheap Bense of the word, a "politician." And when W. R. Trotter is
elected, the wage-workers of Vnncouver
onn depend on a continuation of this unequivocal attitudo. Bv life-long nssnein*
tion he is fnmilinr with every phnse of
life incident to the man who has only
his labor to sell in exchnnfro for his
living. And it is time that" the legislative hnlls of this province contained
moro men of this character.
Many workers have been driven from
tin's city during the Inst fow years, but
in spite of this, thorn is everv indication
of n record Lnbor vote nf this election.
Evidently the pessimist nnd the "killjoy" nre among tho "removals," for
nn every hnnd—evon among thoso who
nre outside llio Lnbor movement—it is
freely conceded that "Trotter is n winning candidato." H. E, C,
/The    ,
/Quality ^oes,
IH, before ihe
, flame ioes Ofl
\—that's *7
VLeck- y
The Government of Canada
gave thc J. Leckie Co., Ltd., an immense order for Boots for the Canadian Expeditionary Forces on the
strict merits only of the goods themselves.
Only two Canadian shoe manufacturers produced a boot to withstand
all the requirements of the army.
One of them was J. LECKIE CO.,
LTD., of Vancouvj;-.
The "House of Leckie"
makes many kinds of Boots
for men and boys for various
purposes, but there only one
quality in them all —the
NAME on overy pair—at
your dealers.
■*rtf«!'HWL*ni..-Jv» "
A delightful combination
of Mocha and Javn, grown
on tho best coffco plantations of tho world.
It   fairly   "warms   the
cockles of your heart."
Named Shoes are frequently made ia Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless it bean a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
alwaya Non-Union.
248 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, pres.    C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whiiky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rook, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
temp's Beer
0. Preller Js Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc,, etc.
Milk Fresh from the Ranch to the Consumer
M. McNAIE, Prop.
Purity and Cleanliness Guaranteed     Delivered in sterilized bottles daily
Ooo.l for one year's inbiertptbn to Th* B.
O, Federation!*!, will bo mailed to any si-
10   SUB      CARDSd"">ln   -C"*d*   '°r   $1.9- . (0£(M!   aaoafWaaSn
outside of Vancouver cltf.)    Order tea to-
dny.    Remit rten told.
Winter Fuel
Why not try
Clean, economical, sootless
A ton of coke goes twice as far as a
ton of coal.
Prices, delivered n downtown areas, 1 ton $7.50
Two tons (1 delvery. $14.00
Wrte or call for coke booklet.
Coke Sales Phone Sey. 5000
Carrall and Hastings ' PAGE FOUR
Mens Suits
We would draw the attention of all business men
to this high-grade line of SUITS, which we are at
present showing. You will find in these, something
entirely different from the ordinary run of Ready-
made Clothing, being made from exclusive fabrics
to our own specifications, in very choice patterns,
and in models to suit all types of men; tall, short,
stout, etc. Certainly the best value offered, and
every suit guaranteed a perfect fit. May we have
the pleasure of showing you?
^^     j/ tHCCWMTlP    tm        HIMMT 1  ■WWflat. ITMM -tOUMIHIflwm \   J**^V   ■*
Granville and Georgia Streets
Misleading Statements Are
Freely Made By Tools
of "Drys"
Falsehoods  Freely   Spread
Through Circulars to
Are your teeth
in good order ?
ARE your teeth efficient? Have you your full equipment of thirty-
two teeth in good working order? Eoch one of them is important,
and you cannot afford to do without a single one of them—your health
and efliciency depend on your teeth being able to perform their function
completely.        PERMANENT CROWNS and BRIDGES
Bea-aty of expression ns well as full efficiency restored—made to fit the
face—heavily cast in solid gold, with Medal of Honor Teeth.
$4. per tooth
Consultations and examinations free.
Telephone Seymour 3331.
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings, 7 to 8.
Office closed Saturday afternoon.
My painless methods most modern
known to dental
science.  '
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
When you recognize this' as a
fact you will booat for the products of home industries by cutting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plant in B. 0.
Uuion Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.   Tel. Fairmont 1097
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
In 1914 there was spent in Vancouver for
liquor $4,500,000.00
The Police Budget for the same year
was    435,000.00
According to expert testimony 75% to 90% of
crime and disorder is chargeable directly to
the liquor traffic; 75% of above is    326,500.00
Total money expenditure $4,826,500.00
In the same year the city collected from all
forms of liquor licenses „     95,000.00
Leaving a net bill against the city for booze in
1914, of $4,731,500.00
This sum, if distributed in wages, at an average rate of $3.50 per day, would have given employment to 4500 men for 300 days.
United Brewery Workers .stntes tint,
reports arc coming to him from mnny
parts of the province making inquirioa
concerning representations which nro
boing tmide by prohibitionists, when
they appenl to workingmen to support
the British Columbin Prohibition Act.
These representations, states our correspondent, tire in many cases absolute
falsehoods. Thnt they wore not uttered
on tlie spjr of tho moment, but are included in the printed literature which
the People's Prohibition party is circulating among workingmen throughout
the province proves that tho action is n
deliberate attempt to mislead.
Were All Fixed.
An illustration of this misrepresentation is the statement mnde in tho circular entitled "Labor and Liquor," the
author of which is W. D. Bayley of
Winnipeg, who calls himself tho Labor
candidate in the Manitoba provincinl
In thiB circular Mr. Bnyley says:
"I personally offered to help tho
agent of the Bartenders' union in
Winnipeg to find employment' after
wo went dry, but ho told us thoy
wero all fixed. He himself went back
to his ,old job, the Barbers' union.
Practically all bnrtenders have nnother trnde up their sleeve that thoy
would be better at for all concerned,
and they are practically the only
class put oMt'by the pnssing of prohibition."
A Falsehood.
A copy of this circular was sent to F.
W. McGill, agent of the Bartenders'
union at Winnipeg, with a rqquoat for n
statement as to its truth. Mr. McGill's
reply brands the statement ns an absolute falsehood. His letter, in part, reads
as follows:
"I am only too pleased to get at
one of them fakirs who nre all the
time trying to exploit the labor man
when they think they can get away
with it. The statement of Mr. Bay-
ley thnt ho offorod to assist mo in
getting a job is untrue, as is his statement thnt I wns working for the Barbers' union. I have not worked since
I lost my position ns business agent
of the Bartenders' union, June 1. In
regard to the bartenders of Winnipeg all getting jobs, thero nre fourteen working that were working
when the Manitoba Tempernnco Act
came into effect, Juno 1, the balanco
of 282 being placed out of employ- j
ment." I
Wont Shake Hands.
Mr. McGill stntes that during thc prohibition campaign in Manitoba tho Social Service couneil laid special Htress
in its appeals to the workingmen ns to
the manner in which they \vo.ild provide employment for men who might bc
thrown out of work should Ihe prohibition aet pass. Thoso promises, he states,
appear to havo boen absolutely lost
Bight of, and now thnt tho Prohibition
act is ppssod, the Social Service council
don't want to rub shoulders or shako
hands with the men whom their activities hnve thrown out of work. On this
line Mr. McGill writes asvfollowa:
"In rcgnrd to all the promises of
tho Social Service council about what
thoy would do for Ihe bnrtenders
who wero placed out of work before
tho act passed, I have not even had
an inquiry to assist from them since
tho bars closed."
Many Jointed the Colors.
With reference to tho men connected
with the liquor trade in Mnnitoba who
were thrown out of work, Mr. McGill
Bays that over CO per cent, have joined
the colors and gone to thc front.   As to
the rest, their position ia vory difficult,
as  may  be judgod  by  Mr.  McGill's
statement of their case ns follows:
"As to the balance, they are doing
the best they can, getting a day's
wok now and again, ns it is very hnrd
for u man who hns worked as a bartender  for  ten  or fifteen years  to
adapt himself nnd learn somo other
trade especially when tho competition
for the jobs thnt ho Afraid fill is very
keen, thoro boing over 600 clerks losing their jobs whon tho liquor stores
closed with the bars,"
Showing the
Latest Ideas In
New Fall
Interesting assortments
arc now l'eatly in a variety
sufficient to satisfy individual needs. Smart models in felt, in while and
sports colors, also many
handsome designs in black
and colored velvets, satins
and effective novelties.
The display is one ol! special merit and will he appreciated by all who seek
the most authentic modes
in llillinery for early fall
wear. View the showing
New Seal'Plush Coats for
Women Very 'Popular
In these arc present an
-excellent range in plain
flared and belted designs.
Some are trimmed with
the new heaver plush and
are beautifully lined with
Italian Satin. Coats of
plush arc decidedly favored for thc Fall season, and
it is with full appreciation
of this fact that wc have
assembled such a worthy
collection. View the new
models. There are all
sizes from 16 to 44, at
$25.00, $32.50, $37.50 to
575Grantil.e Phone Sey. 3540
SUNDAY,   A'ag,
MONDAY, Aug. 21—Boilermakers, Electrical Workers, No,
218; Brewery Workors, Street
Kailwayincn Executivo.
TUESDAY, Aug. 22—Barbers,
Bro. Locomotive Engineers.
WBDNESDAi, Aug. 23—Press
Feeders Com., Street Railway-
THURSDAY, Aug. 24 — Milk
Wagon Drivers, Machinists.
FBIDAY, Aug. 25—
Small Toad.
Leaving the subject of the inquiry,
Mr, McGill closes hiB letter with a
statement concerning Mr, Bayloy nnd
liih political aspirations in Manitoba,
which show that he is not quito ns big
a "toad in tho puddle" as workingmen
on tho const might believe from stnto-
ments he made when in British Columbin. This part of the tetter reads as
"I also notice that Mr. Bnyley's
circular states thnt ho was n Labor
candidate. Welt, ho wns thc only ono
to recognize himself as that, ns he
ran as an Independent,   Thore were
three good union men on his committee, and ho had placed prohibition in
his platform, but when they told him
that thoy could not serve on tho committee with that plank, ho slipped it
off, so ns to get the nomination, nnd
never mentioned it in his campaign,"
In view of the above straightforward
declaration of Mr. McGill, which brands
Mr. Bnyley's statements as contained in
tho workingmen's circular as nn absolute falsehood,  our- correspondent ad
vises British Columbia workingmen, to
whom Mr. Bnyley mny havo appealed
for BUpporf on tho Prohibition Act, to
weigh carefully nny words he may hnvo
stated with reference to the situation in
Refined Strike
One Blook weit of Court Houie.
Workingmen figure out for yourselves whether the liquor traffic helps you.
Vote FOR Prohibition!
Use of Modem Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors  free  to all
Telephone Stymour 2420
Vancouver—Offlce and Chacet*.
1034 Qranvllle St., Phono Sey. 3488.
North Vancouver — office and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. Weit, Phone
The Uncorking of Champagne Evident
ly Uncorked the Truth,
"Thero is nothing that really figures but labor. Materials—analyze
material. You will lind thnt material
mentis nothing but labor. Freight
nnd supplies? Analyze them. They
moan nothing basically but lnbor—
just so much labor.
"In othor words, from tho first
magic touch to the laBt, which turns
everything into gold, it is all labor.
"It is labor which produces everything, all the riches, nil the splendor,
all tho wealth,   '
"Nothing has any value until turned over by tho hand of labor.
"Everything j8 begun by tho hnnd
of lnbor and is finished by tho hand
of labor,
"Labor has produced all tho
wealth of the world."
These words woro not uttered by
some wild-eyed agitator noisily ongnged
in pumping salvation into economic
and political sinners, from a soap box
on a street corner. Thoy nre attributed
to no leas n personage than Charles M.
Schwab, head of the Bethlehem Steel
Co. Thc occasion of tlieir utterance
was a banquet givon in honor of thnt
distinguished capitalist highbinder, at
Philadelphia, recently. As it is usually
the enso that ample' qanntities of first
quality booze nre available at such
functions, this probably accounts for
Schwab's frankly spoken words. A fow
shots of bonzo often onuses tho most
cautious of mon to throw all caution to
the winds. It often transforms the
rankest of cowards into the brnvcBt of
the brave. If wo only knew tho brand
that looBonod Schwab's tongue, wo
would recommend il; itso by thoso parlor socialists who would convert tho
world by the blandishments of love,
rather than thu bludgeon of truth. It
might put more ginger into their activities.
Cooks' and Waiters' Strike
Being Bravely Fought
Against Odds
The Bosses Dislike Pickets,
But Still Hunger for
"Open Shop"
t     [By John L. Martin]
THE LAW nnd order committeo of
tho chamber of commerce, now fighting organized ltibdr in San Francisco,
and who are determined on tho establishment of tlie "open shop" in that
city, are waging their warfare iu a very
logical manner. Thoy are not beating
about tho bush about tlio matter, but
are fearless and open. They havt!
throTvn down the ga.inllet, and it is
for Labor to fight, There is no niistnk-
rag tlieir object. As slated last week,
the open shop war has beea started, and
buck of it is I lie entire business element
of San Francisco, represented on the
law and order committee, with n fighting fund of $1,000,000, and more if
needed. They nro going to use evory
means thnt such a fund can command,
ond apparently if nny mentis is not
legal, they hnvo determined to make it
Strike Progress.
Tho Cooks' and Waiters' strike is
still being fought heroically, despite the
powerful odds against thom. They hnve
pickets galoro outside of every unfair
house in tho city. They have so far 150
houses operating under the union banner, out of a total of 400. Credit must
be givon to thc union houses when it is
known that thc Inw nnd order committeo hns been urging them to tnke out
their cards, under tho penalty of a boycott by tho provision dealers, on their
failing to do so.
Caesar Speaks.
As might bo expected, picketing is
one of the centres of attack by the law
and order committee. Tho picketing has
been successful, judging by the course
taken by that committee. Pesident
Frederick J. KoBter of the chamber of
commerce, the Augustus Crcsnr of tho
open shop campaign, has expressed himself very clearly indeed on the question
of picketing. If ever there wns n clnss-
conscious capitalist, ho is the same Mr.
Koster. He says: "There is only one
way of correcting tho picketing situation and that is by abolishing it nlto-
gether." There is no such thing, he
says, ns "penceful picketing." In the
very nature of things, it is not "peaceful picketing" when guards, either regular police or special police, nre constantly required wherever there are
pickets, whether it is in the restaurant
strike, the structural steel strike, or the
recent strike nlong the waterfront."
No doubt', he is correct in that statement It is ono of the methods of warfare used by the working clnss, and he
is not disposed to call anything "penceful" that militates against the interests of his class.   Ho nt nil events is
Canary Owners Should
Know This
Wire Fronts for Cages-
Size 12x12 	
Size 15x12	
Size 18x12 	
Size 24x12 	
Seed Boxes 	
Drinkers .
 .  jvji:
Asthma Cure and Moulting Mixture .. 35c,
Bed Mite Killer arid Bird Lime .r...25c.
CANARY SEED, SPANISH No. 1—Per ll)....15c.
Small and well filled, 21bs 25c.
White Millet and Inga, lb 25c.
Gold of Pleasure, Teazel, ft 50c.
. Sweet Rape Egg Biscuit, lb '. 35c.
Mow Seed, ft  $1.00
Shell and Grit, imported, lb  10c.
Hird Sand, white, imported, 6 lb bags for ....25c.
Rape, Millet and Hemp, ft  10c.
Sun (lower, lb  15c.
Two lbs. for 25c.
Floral and Seed Department, Cordova Street
David Spencer Limited
Coal Miners
Dry Steady
Mine Work
(8ix Days a Week)
5-foot flnt senm; union wages.
perfectly candid about it. This statement deals n terrific blow at that brand
of trado unionism that is always prating about fighting the employing class
by "peaceful means." It shows thom
whore they get off.
Say Little—Saw Wood.
Nor is the chamber of commerce saying an awful lot about it. They are doing something besides. They aro going
to circulate an initiative petition nmong
tho people, having for its purpose tbo
abolishment, of right to picket. Tho gist
of the proposed ordinance too lengthy to
give here, fallows:
"An ordnance prohibiting loitering,
"An ordinance prohibiting loitering
or signs or transparencies, or speaking
in public streets, sidewalks, alleys-or
other public places in a loud or unusual
tono, for certain purposes therein nnm-
ed, and providing a penalty for the violation thereof.
Section 1 makes it unlawful for nny
person to speak in a loud or unusual
tone, or to cry out or proclaim, for the
purpose of influencing or attempting to
influence, any person or refrain from entering any factory or place for employment, or to patronize any place of business.
Section 2 makes it unlawful to display nny badges, bnnners, trnnsparoncios
or other devices in influencing or attempting to influence nny person from
so entering for employment or to patronize nny such place.
Section' 3 fixes the penalty for violation at not moro than $100 fine, or imprisonment  for   not   more   than   fifty
dnys, or both fine and imprisonmont.
"Open Shop" Frankness,
It will bc seen that they hnvo loft
vory little ground uncovered. Then in
addition, nn attempt was made on the
nance, The supervisor who introduced
it waa onc of the "open shop" restaur*
aut-keopers. He, too, wns frank about
it. Ho told the board that the association drew it up for him ond loft no misgivings ns to tho interests it wna designed to protect. Labor's representatives
on the board vigorously opposed the
proposed ordinance, and openly accused
the mover of bringing it up, not as a
supervisor, but as a restaurant man.
The mover replied, in a way that left
no doubt, that he know whore his class
interest lay, and that he waB determined
to have the board of supervisors look
after it. This reply was interesting
from the standpoint of capitalist class
function in legislative and executive
bodies. He said: "The troublo with
the board of supervisors of Snn Francisco is that there are men in it who
take every opportunity to pass class
legislation. To tbem thero is only one
side which has any rights. Another side,
howover, is entitled to rights, and I am
going to demnnd mine in this instance."
After much debate the ordinance was
referred to the police committee for report.
Thus it will be seen just to whnt extent the resourcefttlnoBs of organized
capital will express itself.
If organized labor can lenrn no lesson
from it, then tho best thing it can do, is
to Ho down and die.
LEADING      Vrir J-J
Special 11 P. M. to 1. A. M.
704 Robson Street
Delivered to any part of the city.
Furniture and Pianos
Moved or Stored
at reasonable rates.
Phones Soymonr 405, 605.   Night
nnd Sundny cnlls, Soy. 3581).
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(MeN.111. Welch tt Wllaon, Lid.)
80 Pender St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Phone High. 21
Factory 801 Powell
Sunday Sailings
Spend Your Sunday on
the Water
lcavos Johnson wharf at 0.30 a.m,
ovory Sundny for Gowon Point
(W. P.), Roberts Creek, Wilson
Crook, SECHELT, and Half Moon
Bny. Returning, arrive at Vancouver about 8 p.m.
This is tho finest outing on the
coast for picnics, etc. Full particulars, phone Soy. 4230.
So The People
May Know
What the Conservative Government Has Done for
Working Men—
iTMTE MOST advanced Compensation Act in the world is the
r work of the Conservative Government of British Columbia.
Labor runs less hazard from accident in British Columbia
than in any other Province or State on this Continent.
Your wives, children, mothers and all dependents are protected from poverty by this up-to-the-minute system of State
You get sixteen additional advantages over those given by
the Ontario Workmen's Compensation Act, formerly the finest
act of its kind' in existence.
For the first time in the history of Compensation, coal miners
engaged in rescue work and on gas committees, arc covered.
The British Columbia Act Pays Compensation after
Three Days
Tho British Columbia Act pays com-
lii-nsuliiiri nft it threo days inn tend of
two weoks.
A minimum of $5 per week ia paid
unless wages aro less nnd then full
wages. Special Compensation la paid
for facial disfigurement,
Injured workmen receive unlimited
medical aid, transportation, hospital
services, crutches and artificial limbs
—and thoy wait only throe days to get
The Individual liability of the employer is abohshod, fchey pay thoir
assessments to the Board who. in
turn, pay tho, workmon.
Tho Board is given wide powers In
arriving at an equitable calculation of
the averago earnings of Injured work*
Tho Board has powor to enforce
safety rulos and to improve conditions.
The workman's notlco of injury
la simplified—thero Ib no "red tapo."
No advantages accrue to employers
of foreign labor ovor thoso who givo
proforetico to Canadians, on account
of non-resident alien dependents.
Lawyers, courts and Insuranco
companies dUsapear.
The Injured workman la only required to apply to the Board for his
Parker Williams, a bitter opponent
of the Governmont and one ot tho opposition leaders, stated on tho floor
of the House ''tbat lt was a good
If Brewster's Writ against the Attorney-General
could succeed, this splendid legislation would be destroyed.
THE CONSERVATIVE party stands for constructive,
sound, sale and sane principles. Every action oi thc Liberal
party indicates the very opposite.
On September 14th, it is up to YOU to choose which you


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