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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 21, 1916

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No. 29
rH" "** 0EHCTAL PAPEB ' VANC°™* SHADES AND LABOB C0PNC.IT. AKn tt n -n-ZL ~ "^ ^Al>^   J-   XVlfllj  X:
Refuse Offer of 5% War Bonus and Stick for 10%
Executive Urging Operators
to Accept Original Demands Made
20   *
118   •
FEBNIE, B. C, July 17.—Tho counter proposal made to tho members of
District 18, U. M. W. of A., by tho mine
operators of tho,Crows Nest Pubs conl
fields, nt tho recont conference in Cul-
gary, has beon voted down by tho membership.
The Vote By Locals.
Loeul. Yes. No.
Fornie, No. 2314    300   227
Michel, No. 2334      64
Carbondale, No. 2227..    55
Coleman, No. 2033    198
Blairmore, No. 2163....     38
Frank, No. 1263      60
Hillcrest, No. 105S      15
Bellovae, No. 531      91
Lethbridge, No. 574....     61
Coalhurst, No. 1189      31
Chinook, No. 1126	
Tabor, No. 102	
Canmore, No. 1387...	
Georgetown, No. 3026..
Bankhead, No. 29	
Drumhcller, No. 1746..
Nordcgg, No. 1087    112
Totnls   1277 2172   31
Mujority ngninst acceptance, 895.
Total voto cast, 3480.
The Operators' Counter Proposal.
Thc offer mado by the operators was
five per cent, increase effective upon acceptance until March 31, 1017, when nn*
other two and one-hnlf por cent, will be
added, making un increase of 7Mi per
cent, on the present wage scale to remain iu forco until Mnrch 31, following
tlio termination of the present agreement.
Definite termination of the working
agreement, as embodied in tho operators' offer, is attributed us tho principal cause for thc mine workors declining the proposal.
Judicious Precaution.
Tho district executive board has noti
lied the coal operators of the result of
the vote, and hnvo urged tho acceptance of the original detnnud for a 10 per
cent, wur bonus, on the present rate up
to Mnrch 31 next. The membership
huve been advised by their officers to
exercise a little patience pending negotiations with the operators, so that no
unnecessary uutngonism may be engendered, At this writing there hus been
no reply from tho mine operators.
SUll Negotiating.
CALGAEYJ Alta*, July 18.—(Special
to The Federationist.)—Secretary-trcas*
urer X. J. Carter of District IS, U. Al,
W. of A., seen today by The Federationist correspondent, says that tlio miners'
executive will probably meet tho coal
mine operators' representatives here tomorrow, to fjrther consider tho wnr
bonus asked for by the miners.
■""""S*f?T2.i_■*««*.«.« "Wr ft, TMn„»„, toM s„.„ „ _^
PultaM-Urt. "ratud Haw Oo,v..n„ Tbl, !«, lbOT, m
2ME _^tJfsi^___i_- m? SS& &nxS
ess of Canada, to
e council.   The
tion call is addrcs-
Executive member of tho Machinists'
union, who returned from Winnipeg
on Tuesdny, whero scale negotiations
with tbo C. P, R. are still pending.
scd to the officers and members of provincial Federations of Labor, Trades and Labor councils, national
Trades Unions, federal Labor Unions, and international local trades unions in the Dominion of Canada.
The sessions will take place in the Labor Temple, Toronto.
"Let there be no delay in the electing of delegates," concludes the executive council. "To carefully
select them and to send to the convention the very best and most practical men possible it is necessary to
commence at once. Delays often bring about regrettable gaps in the ranks when the time comes for the
meeting. We need a very strong and influential convention this year—above all other years—and immediate and careful as well as efficient selection is imperative,"
Resolutions Must Be Forwarded Ten Days Prior to Convention.
The particular attention of affiliated organizations is called to Article III, Section 2, governing the
introduction of resolutions, which reads:
"Sec. 2. That all resolutions for the consideration of the Congress shall be received by the secretary-treasurer not later than ten days' prior to the opening of thc convention, the same to be printed and issued at the opening session of the Congress. Resolutions submitted contrary to this section
can only be introduced and dealt with by the Congress, on a two-thirds vote of the delegates present. The exocutive shall appoint a committee on resolutions from the crcdentialcd deWntoo ,,J *i—
said committee sbnll moflf «+t—- ---    ■
said committee shall meet at least
cdentialed delegates and tho
 - unmuiw ueiegates and tho
,w ouuiiniiiee snail meet at least one day prior to the opening of thc convention for the purpose of
considering all business submitted to them."
CggW)     $1-S0PER YEAR
Miner on Job Warns Others
Against Being Misled
By Agents
Many Employees Leave the
Camp in Debt to Coal
| T Local  and Provincial  Unionists
Wait for the Pendulum
to Swing
past week indicate a few weeks'
bad  sleighing this year.    Old man
Jup. Pluv. has been working overtime, resulting in further demoralization, so far as outdoor workers aro
concerned.      With the exception of
the new Pantages theatre and a moving picture house, at the corner of
Broadway and Main, and a few jobs
around residences, thero is very little
doing in the building trades,    Tho
Longshoremen   continue   busy,   and
along with tho Street Railway Employees, report an increuso in membership; as is also the caso with the
Machinists.   Most of tho local union
officials report that thoy think rock
bottom 1ms been struck, and they look
for improved conditions from now on.
The miners of tho province, both met-
aliforous and bituminous; arc inereas- I
ing in number, anil tho membership of
tho W. F. of it. is picking up again.
Careful  observation   fails  to  disclose  nny  particular  interest  being
manifested by the members of organized lnbor in the general elections, set
' for Sept. 14.    Even  tho  war as a
topic  seems to  have given way to
stolid indifference.   Generally speaking, there nro fewer unemployed thnn
for the past two years, and if weather
permitted, there might even be a demand for laborers.    So  far as the
workers of British Columbia are concerned, it would take more than an
earthquake   to   ''start   something.''
Everybody in tho Labor world seems
to be marking time—"waiting nnd
I hope you wifl find space in Tho Federationist for this short missive from an
humble    pen, that it   may    act as a
warning to miners in general to follow
the old saw, i. e., Look beforo you leapt
Today thero arrived in Coalhurst, oigh-
toon miners, with hope and expectations
held high, of laying   the   foundation
stone of a smnll fortune nt the expense
of tho so-callod American Coal Co., but
better known  to  the initiated  as thc
Dominion Conl Co., of Nova Scotia.
Agent In Vancouver.
An agent was sent to Vancouver by
this eompany for the purpose of getting
miners to work hero.    Good working
conditions   were   painted   in   glowing
terms to the suckers who were ready to
bite, the result of which, alas, they will
find oat' in a few days, to their sorrow,
J    la conversation with one of the Eng- j
Hsu-speaking members of the party, who
! arrived today, I found  the following
conditions {o have been presented by
the agent.   Following this I will represent conditions as tliey actually exist,
whicli will be readily understood* by tho
average miner.
Conditions As Represented by Agent.
Machine-mined conl, 57c per ton of
2000 lbs. run of mine; nil timbering and
trucklaying to bc done by thc miner,
and paid for ut n reasonable rate by the
company. All cars to be delivered and
taken from tho working faco by tho
Conditions As They Actually Exist.
Machine-mined conl, 57c per ton of
2000 lbs., screoned coal; all timbering
nnd trucklaying dono by tho miner
without extrn pay. The miner also
takes and delivers his enrs at tho nearest switch sometimes a distance of 250
The average miner will realize what
this means, when he knows that each
car holds at least 3000 lbs of coal. Also
after tho miner hns loaded tho loose
coal in his room ho has to wait until
tho machine cuts it again. Then ho hns
a full day's work moving machine dirt
and building cogs for absolutely nothing.
Quite Another Story.
The ngent's name is Ross, and he told
this party,of men which he brought
from Vnncouver that the miners here
were making from $6 to $7 per day. I
will admit that there nre a few isolated
cases of mon mnking such wnges, but it
must be remembered thnt these men arc
working nt development or entry work,
nnd this monns only nbout 5 per cent,
of tho men employed here.
Quit In Debt to Company.
I have beon working hore for only
two weeks now, nnd nt least fifty men
Method Is Programme.
Vancouver, B. C, was tho scene of
last year's meeting of tho Congross.   If
we glance back over tho respective localities selected d-jring the past three
years for the annual meeting of tho
TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada
we cannot fail to notice that there is a
method in the progrnmmo followed.   In
1913, the city of Montreal, the great
seaport of this Dominion, was the place
whero an exceedingly successful meeting took place; then, in 1914. the city
of St. John, N. B., brought representatives of labor to tho maritime provinces,
affording nn opportunity for all the people of tlie Atlantic coast to become acquainted with tho operations and utility
of the Congress; finally, last year, lltto,
tho scene of deliberations was transferred to the extremo west of Canada, and
Vancouver, B. C, did for the inhabitants of the Pacific coast what had been
dono for tbe east the year previous.
September 25 of this year will witness
the annual meeting in tho city of Toronto.   It was in Toronto, which is unquestionably tho great commercial centre of this Dominion, that tho Congress
had its birth some thirty odd years ago.
It is well, during this period of strife
nnd  transition, that the place  which
was the 'Cradle of the Congress* should
havo an opportunity of observing, at:
close range, the progress mnde, the good
done, the success achieved in the practical domain of labor interests by its own
offspring; and this year's mooting will
amply    afford    that    opportunity    to
Pressing Problems Ahead,
"Heretofore matters of very vital interest havo commanded tho attention of
the Congress on the occasion of each of
its annual meetings.   We need not here
recapitulate the importance of the subjects considered during the past two or
three years.   While many of the problems of last year and of the year bofore
aro Btill before  us, and not entirely
solved;  yet  others have  since arisen
from out of the conditions that obtain
all tho world over.   We have now experienced two years of this terrible war,
an upheavel such aB never was dreamed
of in the past.   While all the difficulties that the war has created arc still
with us, its prolongation has opened out
other horizons which must be considered
and  carefully  studied.    Amongst  the
many subjects for the attention of the
Congress there is ono that might bo sig-1
nailed  out ns indicative of tho  new
trend of nffairB in Canada—that iB the
means to be taken to protect resident
labor when, tho war being over, tliis
country will havo to meet tho vast influx of' foreign labor; the rchirning and
wounded or otherwise incapacitated boI-
diers, and the providing for them work
that will not interfere with the interests and rights of the regular laboring
classes in Canada.
A Vancouver official of the International Longshoremen's association, who
is having a strenuous time of it along
the Pacific coast ports just now.
Draft of New "Disputes" Act.
"Pursuant to instructions from the
Vancouver convention to secure competent^ legal authority to draft a new Industrial Disputes Investigation act, the
executive council entrusted the work to
J. G. O'Donoghue, barrister, Toronto, ns
tho most competent legal authority in
Onnuda, to drnft the snid act, from flic
standpoint of organized labor. A perusal of the new draft act (herewith enclosed) will, we believe,- show thnti
everything from our viewpoint is there-j
in covered. At all events, the new act
will be considered by tho Toronto convention, whero any additions or eliminations can be made to it.
Issues Must Be Met.
"Needless to hero repeat, what has
been reiterated yearly, about the necessity of perfecting our organization. Thc
capitalist', the employer, the direct opponent of Labor interests, is perfectly
organized.    At the command of these
are not only the wealth but also all the
influences that it  can secure;  tnlent,
ability, legal acumen, directing powers
are all at tho service of the most antagonistic.   The consequence is that it behooves the friends of Labor to meet
these conditions with tike weapons. This
is a situation that must be considered
by the convention and thnt will not
brook dclny.   Not only must Lnbor render permanent that which it has won in
the gigantic struggle for living, but it
must advance further nnd further each
successive year along the highway of organization and watchful activity."        I
Convention Arrangements.
The call recommends delegates west
of Winnipeg to take advantage of, the
special summer round-trip tourist rates,
uoted by tho railroads, rnther than "the
standard   convention   certificate   plnn,
which will apply to better advnntnge
enst of Port Arthur.
Tho Prince George hotol, corner King
nnd York streets, hns been designated
by tho Toronto convention committeo ns
the officinl headquarters of the delegates. As regards other hotels, the reception committee, with the assistance w n(] !iuve
of the bartenders and waiters, will have ,)eon Sll(,e)18sfui'in organizing the Retail
n list of suitable hotels to present fo the  C|erka nil(] tho Fist| y^w $J_ Iatter
Northern Trades and Labor
Council WiU Undertake
Election of Officers At Last
Meeting — Progress
With Work
The Trndes and Labor Council is hu
ing quite a successful campaign in <
gnnizntion.     Within    the past month
two   locals,   the   Maintenance-of-Way
Employees, and tho Cnr Workers of the
G. T. P., have sont representatives to
the ccntrnl lubor   body, and we have
delegntcs on their arrival nt Toronto.
at San Francisco.   The longshoremen
(any peculiar circumstances,
stand, against great odds, as has been made for
 , is at present in progress
in a strike coastwise in extent, are makin
front that their employers have been
compelled to adopt
some time in these parts.
ng as brilliant a
So solid hns been their
. The president,
ments to the contrary by tho daily Wspap^i^^ Despite state-1 this dty, will contest Atiia
concerned, is relatively quiet.   One has only to go along th- »• "■•■- - ■ -" - ° ' S tho ™t<>l*f™*it is
disc piled up awaiting labor JESS'S* ^w'f^S^S'S ?T *"'%"*»
ber ol. scabs employed is not as great as the newspapers st eiuiouslv  nde   m* t 'k° al'°-   'he m,m-
ire some employed, it is perfectly true, all worldng shorrtanded and "WZ flMW   "'^ *"*
longshoreman.   For the most part they are Mexicans, Philippic™^_$% ^ ^S'men
'When a man has 'wheels' he thinks
ho Ib the wholo machine."
Tho Federationist proposes to
issue a special Lnbor Day edition
on Friday, Sept. 8, containing
special articles, by tho best writers in tho Labor movement, dealing with tho issues of tho day. In
this work the co-operntioa and
support of friends in the business
world and writers for tho Labor
press is solicited.
hnve quit in that short period, for the
simple reason that they could not make
a living wage. I have Irrefutable evidence in my hands of men who hnve
left hero, after working for Severn 1
months, in debt to tKe compnny, nnd
good minors all of them. I only wish
tho nbove agent hnd crossed over to
Nanaimo looking for miners for Coal
hurst. He certninly would hnvo receiv
ed a warm reception.
I hope that nil miners will tako heed,
and not crowd in here nnd mnke conditions still worse for the men who nro
P. S.—You may .use my nnmo in connection with this, if you wish to, in
proof of tho nbove statements, and they
can be had bv writing.
Sec. Locnl U, M. W. of A., Coalhurst,
Emanuel Julius Weds.
Mr. Emanuel Julius, one of the most
widely-known contributors to the Labor
press on the continent, recently on tho
staff of the Los Angeles Citizen and the
New York Daily Call, nnd now on tho
Appeal to Reason, Girnrd, Knnsns, wns
mnrried on June 1 to Miss Anna Mnrcet
Hnldeman, at Cedarville, Illinois. The
Fedorntionist joins with tho mnny
friends of Mr. Julius in wishing him
the success he deserves as a result of his
untiring devotion to Lnbor, j
(?) among them
Impelled by Old-time Spirit.
Having been formerly actively engaged in tho Labor movement in Victoria,
I found it exceedingly difficult to resist
I the temptation of being interested in
I the present struggle.     Not doing nn
awful lot of work, I made it my business to find out a few of the facts connected with the situation.
First-hand Information. !
Walking along the Embarcadero, thoj
main thoroughfare that runs concurrent* i
ly with the piers, I had aa ample opportunity of seeing a few things, and of
not seeing what the newspapers alleged)
were there to be seen.   According to
some of thc filth thnt these vultures are
able to pick out of their imagination,
violence must be committed every iive
minutes of the day, and crime turned
loose everywhere.   Such is not the case,
however.   What I saw was a few scabs
unloading or lending vessels, guarded
with men armed with Winchester rifles,
a few "cops" standing here and there
near thc piers,  and  the  longshoremen
sauntering along on  the opposite sirte
of the thoroughfare.   Thnt is the picture void of ail embellishments.   There
have been half-n-dozon men arrested for
creating a disturbance, mostly for refusing to move on when the policeman
commanded them to do so.   They were
all, except one, union  mon, that were
guilty of that offense, needless to men
tion, It would never do to arrest strikebreakers,   for   they,   too,   might   quit
work.   The one they did arrest wns so
sore at being arrested that he subsequently joined the 'anion;    Of course,
the arrest of strikebreakers will not occur again, if the San Francisco chamber
of commerce can prevent, for their purpose is to keep them on tho job.
Throws Down Defl.
Whnt is more significant thnn anything in connection with the situation is
the attitude taken by tho Sun Francisco
chamber of commerce. Hero we hnve
the pure unadulterated Capitalism tit
work. That organization, claiming to
have at its back 2000 of thc business
men of the city, has thrown down thc
gauntlet' to organized labor in a manner
that amply reveals just whnt the enpi-
telist class will do in order to accom-i
plish its end. Thoy have determined to
have the open shop for ever established
In this city, if not on the entire coast.
Of course that is not Baid in so many
words, but is the language of their actions, whioh speak overwhelmingly loader than their words. They hnve set ont
to ruiso $1,000,000 ns a 'fighting fund.
Thut money is to bc spent in establishing whut they term "Inw and order"
on the waterfront. A mass meeting had
been called by this organization, nt
which thc papers claimed 1000 were in i
attendance.   It was there that the campaign was launched,  and  the  fighting
fund ordered raised.   The president of
the chamber of commerce is thc lending
spirit,   He has appointed a "law und
order"   committee   with   himself   as
chairman. The purpose of the committee
is to hire a lawyer to prosecute all
cases'that arise out of tho strike, and
the committee itself is to be in attendance ut all the trials to Bee that the
! judge looks after tlieir interests.   It is
alleged   thut  they   will   urge   that   all
brought before the judgo be rigorously
punished, nnd that none bo released on
insufficient bail.   Nor does this conclude
the scope of their activities. Statements
hnve been made by members of the
chamber   of   commerce   which   clearly
show just to what extent they are determined to enforce their "law" on the
striking longshoremen.   A few of their
statements might; suflico to show how
far they will go in order to show their
love for "law."
The Employers' Attitude,
One of them said:
"I am iu favor of nny method of
bringing the present intolerable labor
anion control of matters to an ond. I
dm willing to do anything even to
shouldering a gun to bring the activities
of these unions to an end."
Another snid that tho wny to have
peace and quietness wns "the sending
of several ambulances full of union men
to the hospital.'' ,
Then again, there wns tho rnther Big
niflcant' stateaicnt of Frederick J. Kos-
ter, president of the San Francisco
chamber of commerce, and chairman of
the Inw and order committee. He said:
"If it becomes accessary in moving
SUNDAY, July 23-
MONDAY, July 24--Amnl. Engineers^ Electrical Workers No.
213; Street Kailwaymen's executive; Patternmakers.
TUESDAY, July 25-Bnrbers;
•Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, July 86—Build-
ing Trades; Press Feeders com.;
Stroot Kiiilwaymcn.
THURSDAY, July 27-Milk Wagon Drivers.
FRIDAY, July 28-MnchinJsts.
merchandise on thc docks of this port,
the law and order committee will send
armed guards to the waterfront to protect merchants in their rights.   If more
men nre heeded, the members of this organization are ready to curry arms,"
Force May Be Met with Force,
It will be seen whnt these representatives of capitalist interest are prepared
to do in order to establish their particular brand of. "law nnd order."   If tho
strikers were  to arm  themselves, thnt
would bo "lawlessness and disorder,"
but when they do it, it's "law nnd or-
dor."   It appears from this, that they
evidently intend to adopt their own definition of the terms and actions suitable to the definition.    They evidently
believe in "prepnredness," and nre not
only in tho position to define whnt is
Inw nnd order, but will enforce it.   This
gun tnlk on tlieir part is a rather dangerous line to engage in.   Acting on tlie
doctrine  thnt   tlie   best   guarnnteo   of
pence is preparation for wnr, they are
preparing for war on organized lnbor.
for the purpose of establishing a submissive working class.    However sound
from a philosophic standpoint thnt ideu
may be, it is highly inappropriate at n
time of industrial disputes.    Tlmv n-iti
make use of forco as
to(i often, some
will find that tlieir preparedness to keep
the workers in submission, will be met
by a preparedness on tho part of the
workers, not only to defend themselves
and their rights so far established, but
to sever themselves forever from the
chains of capitalism. Tn this respect
who knows but whut the situntion in
Snn Francisco mny be the beginning of
tho ond. If events show that the threat
to arm themselves is backed up by the
future actions of the capitalist class in
Snn Francisco, then tho workers are
logically justified in meeting such violence by greater.
The above-mentioned law and order
committee hnve selected Monday, July
17 ns the day on which to try out their
plnn of campaign. What events will
transpire on thnt occasion, will be dealt
with after we hnve seen how "law and
order" as prenched and practised by
the Sim Francisco ehnmber of commerce
works out.
ig the first union of its kind on the
Pacific coast. Both uaions start with
a membership of nbout fifty.
Two Labor Candidates,
There is n strong possibility that
Labor candidates will contest the Atlin
nnd Prince Rupert districts. While
the Trades and Labor Council hus not
decided on candidates ns yet, it is be-      __ _ vl,uinw
tsey of thy speech was
By a Vote of 28 to 17 Delegates Declare Against
the Measure
Semi-annual Election of Officers Results in Many
At thc meeting last night of the Vsncouver Trades and Labor council, the
resolution on prohibition, tSat wns discussed at the previous meeting of tbe
council, win ngnin up for consideration,
and after a lengthy discussion, wat carried by a vote of 28 to 17.   Prior to
tbis vote being taken, an amendment
had been moved by Del. Trotter that *
tbe council maintain the position of
neutrality that it had adopted on former occasions, but this was defeated by
a vote of 25 to 24, and then the previ-i
ous question was put and carried by the
vote mentioned. Hearty applause greeted   the   announcement   of   the   vote,
but Del. Trotter again rose and moved
that in accordance with Section 16, tho
matter be referred to the various unions
affiliated with the council, and that a
report be made to the council within
one month.   He wob supported in this
by Delegates Pipes of the Bricklayers'
union, and Delegate White of tbe Letter
Carriers' union.  The resolution reads:
"Whereas—The electors of British Golumtya sre to he uked to
pronounce upon the British Columbia Prohibition act at the forthcoming general elections ln this pror-
ince; and
"Whereas — Organlied labor,
through its representative bodies
and leaders, have placed themselves
upon record as opposed to sumptuary legislation of this character as
being not only totally Inadequate
to accomplish the aim professedly
sought, hut also harmful to the best
interests of organlied labor, entailing, as lt does, unemployment to
members with consequent Impairment of Its numerical strength; be
lt, therefore,
"Resolved—That the Trades and
Labor council of Vancouver, B. O.,
in harmony with representative
bodies of organlied labor elsewhere,
places itself upon record as opposed
to the proposed 'British Columbia
Prohibition act,' and to the principle involved therein."
Queries and Speeches.
reply to a dclegntc,
stilted thnt it was not compulsory
nny union (o say whothor it was eit
fur or nt'iiiijsl tlio ■**"*,*!1*:*;
iiKiiinsl the prohibition resolution!
It was, he* snid, optional with tbem nnd
tbnt it would require n two-thirds voto
before the question eoult"
uld bo dually np*
mane by President Mc
,,     ,, ,-'     -■-  •"  -•'...., whilo for   Vr>tv   ;.,  n   -
the Prmeo   Bupert district tho choice | duced lmZ wS\^.jS?h J'" P™
will be between ox-May
President   8. IX    Macdonald   of
Trades and Lnbor Council.     This innf-
tcr will receive attention at the next
We are emlenvorinp; to hnve a reg.i-
Inr correspondent appointed for The
Election of Officers.
The following officers for the Trader
nnd  Labor  Council
--1 ^»«.tu ii rnnp, whieh ho explained fo the
or Newton and council stating thut the fight thnt hnd
'      "      *    the j boon fought by the r'"
a... -j v..^ residents of the residential districts in the city of Vancou-
rind in Greater    Vancouver,    wns
of licensed
 un vi me mule or a scatteri;
tion of it, whether there wero to
groggery establishments in the resid(
ovoning, »„„ i,*l1,,!I;;S:dpE!,ili*«'t»'»»«*
! an argument once
t the next regular meeting.
President—S, D. MacdonnL.
Vice-president—Geo. Rudderhnm.
Recording Secretary—J. J. Ander
Financial Secretnry—J. Glenny.
Treasurer—A. R. McLellan.
Sergeant-at-arms—R. Dewhurst.
Legislative Committeo—Messrs. Anderson, Kudderhnm and MeCorkindnlc.
Finance Committee—Messrs. Wad-
dell, Frnser and Cartwright.
New Delegates Seated.
The following delegatesj elected for
the  coming yonr,    were   welcomed   to
the council:
Carpenters—John Vierick and W. B.
Steam Engineers—Jns. Glennie, J. R.
Beatty and O. Ruddcrham.
Bar'tenders—L. W. Reilly, IL Hn
ton aud Chaa. Embleton.
Main ton nnce-of. Wuy   Vlmv  „,...,
T. P.—J. II. McCartney, A. McFnddun
nnd W. Reid.
Electrical Workers—G, Wuddell and
.T. Morrison.
Typographical—S. D. Macdonald, !>.
McCorJtiridalo and W. Kemp.
T. E. Cartwright and
against the introduction
premises into those districts, and ho
snid the question resolved itself into
this, whether they were to have a centralization of the trade or a scntteriza-
Tho disci   .pvuvu  uy  uei.
Midgley taking the view that tho prohibition bill was an interference with the
rights of the working classes, nnd ho
added that it was a matter between the
capitalists, the mediants ivho wero
fighting to see who would get the nickels of the workers, the licensed victim-
ler or the grocer and the bootmaker and
Del. Benson moved that the matter
bo given n six months' hoist, and this
was seconded by Del, Corey. This, how
ever, was defeated in- « vo
tho resolution
as defeated by a vote of 18 to
22, and the discussion on i"
IMi.il  Clerk-
C C. Fraser.
Browery Workers To Picnic.
Local 2H\ of the International Brewery Workera Mill hold n picnic on August .13, in nid of u sick member, A
North Vuncoiiver ferry-boat has been
chartered for the occasion. The picnic
party will mako for Tamer's Landing.
„i,,,... .. programme of sports will be
Refreshments will be served.
50 cents.
put on
Biennial  Convention  Meets at  Great
Palls—Moyer's Re-election Likely.
tho Western Federation of .Miners
opened on Monday last, ut Grent Fulls,
Montana, with an address of welcome
by Mayor Fousek and response by President Charles H. Moyer, Every metal
iiiiniiij; state in the jurisdiction is represented. In his address, President Mover
gave his opinion, that the ending of the
European war would havo little effect
upon wages as the demand for metal
would be little diminished.
One of the things to he taken up enrly
in the sessions will be tho counting of
ballots for officers. Friends of Moyer
predict his re-election whilo delegates
from the south nre confident thnt Goo.
Powell of Arizona will be the next hend
uf the Federution.
net n
'The duty of purchasing union-labelled goods of all kinds and nt nil times
can not be too strongly nor too often
impressed upon tho minds of tho members of organized labor."
Delegates Cleveland, Benson, Leah
and Mottishaw addressed the council,
both for nnd ngninst. the resolution,
nfter which the president expressed his
views nt some length, during which
time Del. Crawford was in the chair.
Tho president stnfed thnt within the
area defined on his rnnp there were (III
licenses for the sale of liquor. There
were 11 retail licnses, 15 wholesale licenses nnd nine clubs. There were 155
bartenders constantly employed, nnd in
adidtion to that there were "5 to 100
licensed waiters for the distribution of
liquor, He contended Hint if the sale
of lirjiinr were confined within (ho nren
it was in nt the present time, tho cost
of that supervision would he much less
thnn it: would bo were the proposnls of
the prohibition bill to come into force.
At present it was under proper regulation, under the surveillance of the police, but under the Prohibit!^
different condition of affairs
come into force.
"Whnt is the proposnl now," he
asked? "The proposal is this, to fnke
away the liquor trnflic from this peninsula, where if is under surveillance, and
to spread it over the residential district."
Del. Troffer mnde a strong indictment
of the trnflic, nnd held that it was to
the best interests of the working men
thnt tho bar should be abolished, and
that wns the only proposition under this
The stntemenf wnn mnde during Hie
discussion thnt Del. Smith, who had introduced   the   original   resolution,   wns
the publicity nccnt for the liquor trade,
but to this Del. Smith took strong exception, nnd further he denied thnt nny
one except himself had anything to do
with  the drnwing up of tlie resolution
that was being discussed, nn explanation which wns nccepfed by Del. Benson.
Delegates to T. M. O, A. Committee.
Tn  the  early  sfngo  of the  meeting,
over which President J, H. McVety pre-
fContinued on pago 2) PAGE TWO
FRIDAY JULY 21, 1916
$8,800,000        .
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A general banking business transacted. Circular tetters of credit.
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Savings Department
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'Unity of Laber: tho Hope of tho World"
FRIDAY JULY 21, 1910
MA. MACDONALD is a member of
the legal fraternity of this city.
He is a liberal in politics.   He
may bo remembered by flome as the successful candidate for a seat in the provincial houso, at the
HE DOTH recent    by-election.
PROTEST It may not entirely
TOO MUOH. bo   forgotten   that
there wore some peculiar circumstances connected with
that election, and that when these circumstances wero subsequently disclosed,
the public conscienco was greatly shocked thcreut. At least that part of it
that was not liberal in politics was
shocked, more especially the conservative portion of it, It hnB been shown
to tho satisfaction of evorybody but the
liberals, that Macdonald's triumphant
election was in no small measure due to
thc splendid efforts made on his behalf
by nn army of "pluggers" recruited in
Seattle. This has afforded an opportunity for disrespectful persons to refer
to Macdonald as the "member for Seattle," a coarso sarcasm that ia most
reprehensible, indeed. It is but fair to
presume that', the aforesaid "pluggers"
came to Macdonald'a aid through their
own volition, actuated by a worthy desire to do what they could towards the
purification of B. C. politics and the redemption of the province from the corruption incidental to long yenrs of conservative rule.
* *       * .
During the enquiry into the "plugging" and other purification activities
incidental to the recent by-elections,
Mr. Bobert Gosden made mention of receiving a sum of money from the hand
of Macdonald. This payment waa
alleged to have been made upon tne
streets of Victoria and was in the
nature of money due for certain legitimate service performed by Gosden,
during the election campaign. Macdonald vehemently denied any part
such a transaction and inaugurated a prosecution against
Gosden upon a charge of perjury. The latter has been bound over
to the assizes for trial. The matter is,
therefore, still before the court and la
not a proper subject for criticism and
comment. It being sub jud.ee, it is
manifestly tho duty of everybody to refrain from doing anything to prejudice
the public mind either for or against
the defendant in the case. In fnct for
any one to engage in any attempt to influence the possible venues from which
jurors might be drawn to sit upon the
case, would be exceedingly bad taste, to
say the least. For the principals in the
case to do so would be doubly so, as
well as repugnant to all conceptions of
common decency.
* #       *
At the liberal meeting held in the
EmpresB theatre in this city recently,
Macdonald took occasion to vent his
spleen upon Gosden, by bawling him out
for fair, for having dared to nssert that
he (Macdonald) had paid an election
debt. He denounced Gosden as a liar
and several other kinds of animal unfit
for human association. He viciously
pawed the air in his efforts to convince
his audience that his own conscience
was cloar and his reputation above besmirch, even at the hands of the likes
of the wicked Gosden. In fact lie did
all that an unscrupulous shyster lawyer
could do to make out a case for his
client and His zenl was evidently not
lessened by the fnct that ho was, himself, the client. We beliovo he haa followed the samo tactics in other meetings held at various places since. Presumably ho will continue so to do during
the prosent campaign, so that by the
time the court aits upon tho Gosden
case, nil possible juries will have been
so thoroughly prejudiced against Gosden as to render his conviction assured.
Macdonald being a lawyer, fully understands what he is doing. He cannot
help but know that ho is violating all
the principles of decency in thua taking
advaiitago of a political opportunity to
judge and condemn some one olso in or-
dor to clear his, own skirts and bolster
up his shaky political fortunes. But
the things that the politician of the
petty typo will stoop to in order to
gain his onds aro not always possible of
classification among things that are decent.
* *       *
The very keynote of nil of Macdonald's scoldings and complainings seems
to be in tho naturo of a protest against
attempts of his enemies to blacken his
character and impugn the purity of hia
motives. ThiB peculiar mental state
seems to be a sort of constitutional
weakness that has become epidemic
among liberals of late. There is one
consolation, howevor, for he who wallcs
in tho straight nnd narrow way. Try as
they may, none can besmirch him. And
come to think of it, he nover will find
it necosBary to armor himsolf with vehement protests against the shafts of
envy, malice or guile, thereforo, it
need never be said of him, "mo seoms
he doth protest too much." But the
likes of him would not make a good
British Columbin politician, especially
at this stage of the game. He would
be lacking in those qualities that conjure forth the highest and noblest ef-
orts of "pluggers."
there appeared an article, upon the
front page, under the title, "MuBt
Workers Vote Their Masters' Ticketf"
In the course of the article some reference  was  mado to
PARKER the    activities    of
WILLIAMS HAS Messrs.'jack Place
A GRIEVANCE, of Nanaimo and
Parker Williams of
Ladysmith, both of whom were members of the provincial parliament just
closed. Because of such reference, at
least as far as it concerns himself, Parker Williams evidently feels deeply aggrieved, as the following communication
will show:
Editor B. C. Federationist: In your issue of the 7th, in an article deploring
tho lock of interest in tho coming election, you say, "ns to whether Jack
Place is to run again or not in Nanaimo is not quite known. The same may
be said of Parker Williams in Newcastle. In either caso it will not make
much difference, ns neither of them has
made any very startling showing from
a Labor standpoint. * * * As poor
excuses as they may be as Labor representatives," etc. Now, I am not in tho
habit of making any very startling
claims as to my ability or usefulness.
At the same time yours is a new method
of dealing with people, whom, whatever
their ability might be, have not so far
been accused of doing anything less
than the best they knewi Jack Placo,
in this matter, does not require any defence or apology from me. So, writing
for P. W., I will ask: At what date did
you arrivo at the above estimate of
myself, and also, so that some little benefit' may be learned from my failure,
will you bo good enough to indicate the
specific circumstance, say in the last
five years, where you, in my position,
would have acted more wisely. The
point to me is this: The Federationist
presumes to speak for organized Labor
in British Columbia. If the jibes and
sneers that it has favored mo with during the last few montbs are justly due
me I should be made conclusively aware
of the fact, unless you prefer that*!
should submit this matter to the Labor
organizations of Vancouver city. Kindly attend to this matter in yo-ar next
Lndysmith, B. 0\, July 19, 1916.
* *      *
P. W. 's first grievance arises from tho
statement in the article in question,
that "neither of them has made any
stnrtling showing," etc. He says: "I
am not in thehabit of making any very
startling claims as to my ability or usefulness." Such being the case, and we
must take Parker's word for it, The
Federationist's statements that no
"startling showing" had been made, is
in strict conformity with Parker's unbiased estimate of his own "ability
and usefulness." And who should know,
better than Parker, himself.
* *       *
The Federationiat has never been
guilty of caBting any reflections upon
tho integrity of either Placo or Williams, nor hns it ever implied that either
of them had been guilty "of doing anything less than the best they knew."
It is quito clear that they did "tho best
they knew," at all times, and that probably accounts for their present status
in the political life of the province, and
in the opinion of the elctorate that formerly placed thom in office.
* *      *
Tho conclusions reached by The Federationist are not of any special date.
From the day that J. H. Hawthorntk-
waite left the provincial houae, Porker
lost hia bearings and became a wanderer
in the wilderness of old-party politics.
His activities each day became more
and more pronounced as mere exposures
and complainings of the petty little corrupt practices that are the very breath
of life in the nostrils of capitalist politics. The logical culmination of such
activities at last brought Parker out
into the open as an active partisan on
behnlf of one rotten old capitalist
party, as against another.
* *       *
As Parker insists upon a specific date,
let him accept the one upon which he
took the field for ao ill-advised a purpose. If he fancies that any other conclusion than that reached by The Federationist is possible, Parker is at liberty
at any time to submit his brief to the
Labor organizations, or any other bodies
of electors he may choose.
* *      #
As to "jibes and sneers," it may
truthfully be said, that Buch petty
shafts can never pierce a hide unless It
has already, through somo inscrutable
reason, boon made extremely sensitive
to the pin-pricks of conscienco. The
Federatlonist sincerely hopes that these
few words will tond to soothe P. W.'s
disturbed feelings nnd show him the
error he has fallen into of fancying that
he has any grievance nt nil.
MILLIONS OF the people of the
world  are,  no  doubt,  intensely
longing for the war to end and
poaco to once more prevail.   To the hapless  ones  who have  beon  doomed  to
dwell within the im-
WAR EVEN mediate war zones,
IN TIMES the   experience   of
OP PEACE. the last two yenrs
must have been a
most horrible ono. To thoso who havo
actually engaged in tho brutal struggle
and been fortunate enough to OBcnpo
with their lives, it must have also been
a veritable nightmare and a terror. To
tho countless millions who havo remained at home, only to be drivon like slaves
to the shambles and bled white in order
to satisfy the brutal ferocity of their
bloodthirsty rulers and masters, and
keep their murder machinery lubricated
and in running order, tho experience
should prove not altogether an unprofitable ono, though perhaps less bitter
than that which fell to thc lot of actual
participants in the fighting.   Tho awful
toll of life and the tremendous destruction of things that might have ministered to human comfort and well-being,
that have been taken by the god of
war, at the instigation of the vicious,
brutal and senseless ruling class interests of the world, ought to call down
upon that ruling class the execrations
and curses of all who have the welfare
of human-kind at heart. It should implant in the breast of labor the grim determination to purge the world of the
supreme curse and crime of all the ages,
the clasB rule that not only makes such
holocausts possible, but inevitable.
* * *
Alongside of thiB European blood-letting, and coincident with it, elaborate
preparations are being made to continue
thc war in the future days when peace
shall have returned and the "dove"
once more hovers. Scarce a paper is issued that does not record efforts being
made by ono side or the other, to got
ready for the trade war which is to
follow the blood and guts spectacle now
being staged. And tho spokesmen,
statesmen and journalists of capitalism
are sufficiently stupid to be incapable of
covering the matter up, but must needs
bawl it from the housetops aa war, in
spite of the fact that it is supposed to
bo peace. Even the peaceful United
States is getting ready to take vigorous
and active part in this glorious trade
wnr of the world. In fact every country in the world is in this trade war,
even now while thia other affair is boing
so gloriously pulled off. This European
spectacle is only a sort of side-show to
the big tent circus of world trade, anyhow.
* #       *
Speaking of trade, what is it! What
calls it into being! Is it an expression
of any legitimate and healthy human
need? Is the welfare of human society,
or any useful portion of it, in any manner conserved by it! Is there anything
uplifting or ennobling about it, or in
any way calculated to raise human so-
ciety to a higher cultural level! Are
the great trading nations of today morally and ethically superior to the tribes
of our primitive forebears of thousands
of years ago f Could such a world welter of blood and carnage as ia now glorifying this twentieth century have been
possible in those primitive days, long
bofore the human family had bedecked
itself with the glad rags of a Christian
* *      »
The chroniclers of the times are correct when they refer to trade as war.
If isn't anything else. It is even more
debasing in its effects than the open
warfare of slaughter, though perhaps
not so immediately shocking to weak
nerves. It is far less spasmodic. It being a continuous performance, it is less
suddenly spectacular in both it's operations and results. It has so grown up
with us through tho lapse of ages, by
slow and almost imperceptible degrees,
that it seems a necessary part of the
great scheme of human lifo. Thnt it is
a necossnry part of the great Bchemo, is
no doubt true, but thiB ia due to the
fact that human slavery exists, and
world trade is but incidental to that peculiar institution,   .
* *       *
Trade, in the common acceptance of
the term, is based upon human slavery.
It probably had its beginning in the
exchange of services between members
of primitive tribal comnvunities. The
custom of "changing work" is even
yet extant nmong farming communities
in scattered nnd outlying district's. But
long since, trade had doveloped into the
systematic and world-wide disposal of
the products of an enslaved working
class. Thero can be nothing else "to
trade in. Trado can have no other basis.
Unless products can'be gotten for nothing, there would be no incentive to engage in the matter of their disposal.
And it is absolutely true that the great
bulk of merchandise that makes up the
world's trade is gotten for nothing. It
is taken from the producers without
payment, because all that the producers
get for their labor is, at the most,
a bare living, and they also produco
that. The rest of their product goes
forth to swell tho volume of world trade
and bo converted into new capital (debt
fastened upon the backs of other workers elsewhere), to increase the power
and aggrandizement of rulers nnd do-
nothings. To got rid of thia awag, eventually becomes a struggle, and a fierce
one at that. Individual robbers of the
workera struggle against othors of tho
same kidnoy and national bands of
trado ruffians struggle ngninst each
other. The fight waxes ever more furious, until a cataslysm of slaughter ensues, such as is now on in Europe. After
a good hoalthy blood-letting, matters
quiet down and readjust themselves to
the sane and normal routine of disposing of stolen goods by the orderly and
peaceful (!) processes of trade and commerce. But the slave does not' wake up.
Ho dozes on in perfect satisfaction at
being skinned for the empiro of trade.
When his masters get into n tangle that
calls for a litle blood spilling, he joyfully and loyally goea forth and Bpills it
while ho sleeps.
Compulsory service, according to nn
English society paper, has reached tho
royal palace. All the employees aro now
compelled to nttend church at least once
every Sunday.
'' Nero was a good nnd vienrious
fighter, and could successfully hold a
man's coat all day while the otljer man
went to tho front nnd got killed. He
loved gore, so long as it was some other
man's gore."—Bill Nye. Is it not
equally true of our precious rulers of
Now that tho crew of the German
submarine merchantman has beon enter
tained at the White House, and the
jolly tars were allowed to take turns in
sitting in the presidential chair, it is
reasonably safe to assume that the hyphenated vote will be solid for the Wilson gent next November.
It' is reported that there has been
much suffering among owners of German papers owing to shortage of paper
stocks, some 4000 of them having been
forced to suspend publication. If the
quality of their contents were not above
the average of this western continent,
their erstwhile readers have suffered
little by such suspension.
A young man applied for exemption
from military service. "I have," "he
said, "a strong conscientious objection
to fighting." "Upon what grounds!"
enquired the magistrate. "Your worship ought to know, for you aro "responsible," replied tho applicant', "for it iB
less than five weeks ago that you bound
me over to koep tho peace for twelve
Accounts of a moat dastardly usurpation of the prerogatives of organized
labor, come to ws from Dotroit, Mich.
Over 2000 non-union cigarmakerB of
that bonighted burg are on strike
against low wages and gonernlly miserable conditions of labor. The precedent
is being established that most any one
can go on strike whenever they feol like
it. Let it not be forgotten that tho
liberty to do so, is the only real liberty
that the workers ever had or can have
under alavery. Tho right to balk, either
singly or collectively, is a liberty or
right that cannot be taken away. That
is why we still have it.
(Continued from Page 1.)
sided, a letter was received from Mr.
Walter Hepburn, on behalf of the citizens' committee handling the Y. M. C.
A. building, asking tho council to appoint two of its members to act on that
committee, the object of which is to
help to resorve the Y. M. C. A, building to the city. The recommendation
of the exocutive committee was that
this be adopted, and this recommendation was agreed to.
McVety Endorsed Unanimously,
A letter was received from the B. C.
Federation of Labor with regard to the
appointment of Mr. McVety to the position of administering tho Workmen's
Compensation Act in B. C. The letter
stated that the Brotherhood of Railway-
mon had u member in the field for the
position, and it -was suggested that a
letter should be sent to every -union in
the province asking, for their support of
Mr. McVety for this post. At the meeting of the executivo, this course was
agreed to, and the delegates were asked
to express their opinion on the matter.
On motion of Del. Trottor, it was decided to comply with this recommendation, and the motion was passed unanimously. The president in reply thanked
the delegates for the vote, which he
said was a great compliment to him.
He drew attention to the fact that it
had been moved by Del. Trotter with
whom he had not always seen eye to
eye, but whose judgment, he was glad
to see, had not been warped by anything that' had taken place in the past.
Inveigling Men to Crows Nest.
Attention was drawn by the president
to the fnct that tho Davis agency was
trying to hire men in Vancouver for
Crows Nest coal fields. This wns particularly the case with regard to the Lethbridge mines. He hod warned Secretary Carter of this, and had received a
reply stating that there was hardly a
man from the const who hnd stayed in
the district.
Employers Still Importing Labor.
The president also stated that other
employers were trying to bring men
into the province from outside point's.
In one case they were trying to bring
carpenters for the Pacific Mills, Ocean
Falls, and were offering 40 cents nn
hour. Ho had advised the immigration
offictnls that the question wrns one of
wnges only. Another employer was trying to secure the importation of longshoremen, nnd another one was trying
to get molders.
In connection with this matter. Del.
Swnrtz stated that he could only obtain
entry to Canada by stating that he wns
going to a homestead, and he mentioned
that when men were discharged from
the Shearwater, prior to the war, they
were refused entry even though they
showed their discharges. When complaint wos made by the men, the immigration officials stated "why, wo are
tho men who are running Canada."
Election of Officers,
The election of officers resulted ns
President—McVety, 40; Benson, 17.
Vice-president—R. M. Myles, 36;
Welsh, 20.
General secretary—Miss Gutteridge,
by acclamation.
Finnncinl secretary—F. Knowles, 32;
G. Bartley, 21.
Statistician—W. H. Cottrell, unanimously.
Sergcnnt-nt-arms—J. Sully, unanimously.
Trustees—Campbell, 22; Crawford,
24; Rigby. 15; Graham, 8; Brookes, 17;
Midgley, fi (withdrew); Welsh, 3.
Notice of Motion,
A notice of motion wns givon by Del.
Youhill to the effect that he would move
at the next meeting that Section 16 of
the constitution be expunged from the
Nice comfortable home containing four large rooms with full
basement, also having hot and
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a lot 02x319, three-quarters of an
acre of ground. There is a fine
gnrden, lots of fruit such aB ber-
rieB, several apple and cherry
trees, flowers in abundance, with
a very nice lnwn. Thero is a small
greenhouse, chicken houso and a
pigeon pen. It is all fenced, two
blocks from car; clear deed. Price
$2600.   Will givo good termB.
Wo have several lots in South
Vancouver with clear deeds for
$50.   Many other real bargains.
A largo list of houseB, stores
and apartments for rent.
Phone Bey. 4434
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The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
flrat and third Thursday,. Executive
board: Jamea B. MeVety, prealdenl: B. F.
Pettlpleoe, vloe-preildent; Helena Out*
teridge, general aeeretary, 810 Labor Temple;
Fred Knowlei, treaaurer: W. H. CotlerlU,
statistician- aergeant*at*ame, John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jaa. Campbell, J. Brook,, trua*
Meet,   aecond  Monday  in  tha  month.
Preeldent, J. McKinnon; eereetary,   R,  B.
Neelanda, P. 0. Box 68.
in annual convention ln January. Exeoutlve offlcen, 191617: Preaident, Jaa. B. Me.
Vety; vice-presidents — Vancouver. John
Brooke, E. Morrison: Victoria, 0. Slverta;
.»•» WjBtllllssrtMV W. Tatea; Prince Hupsrt,
W. E. Thompson, P. o. Box 158; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-treasurer, A, 8. Wella. P.
0. Box 1538, Victoria, B. 0.
Room 308 Labor Temple. Meets flrat
Sunday of each month. Preaident, Jamea
Campbell; flnanclal aeeretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4752; recording seeretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main atreet.
al Union of America, Looal No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays In the month,
room 205, Labor Temple. Preaident, L. E.
Herrltt; seoretary, S. ft. Grant, 604 Georgia
—Meeta every lut and Srd Tuesday
8 p.m., Room 807. President. F. Dickie;
correspanding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
58; flnanclal aeeretary, w. J. Plpea; bnsiness
agent, W. s. Dagnall, Boom 815.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third Hon.
day of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor Temple
8 pm. Preeldent. A. Sykea; aeeretary, Chas'.
0. Austin, 782 Seventh avenue east,
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
flrat and third Mondaya, 8 p.m. Pnaldent,
A. Campbell. 78 Seventeenth avenne west;
seeretary, A. Fraaer, 1161 Howe atreet
sedation, Local 88-52. Offlce and hall.
10 Powell streot. Meets every Thursday 8
p.m. A. Reld, business agont; Thomas Nixon
and fourth Frldaya at 8 p.m.   Preaident.
J. Mclvor; recording seeretsry, J. Brookes;
flnanclal secretary, J. H. MoVety.
Meets second and fourth Thursdays, Labor
Tjjy'S ,8 '"!;. *>tttettt, George Andersen,
?2JS ■?''",;" •Mwa'd streot; phone Fslrtnont
1720*0. Secretary, Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth avenue west; phono Fairmont 768L
.TORS' UNION, Local 848., : A. T.
S. E. A M.P. M. 0.—Meeta flrst Sunday of
each month, Room 804, Labor Temple.
J. .. J4' J' °- -J-'chcnco; business agent, W.
E. McCartney; flnanclal and corresponding
secretary, H. C, Roddsn, P, 0, Box 845
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity—
"ranch meets second and fourth Mondaya,
Koom 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue west; flnan-
cal secrotary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
•'J»t; iwortlnj secretary, E. Westmcrelaid,
151Z  Yew  street;  phone  Bayvlew 2698L.
d,v°FI?)'„If°- 8r*S* «•"»■>« Tne.*
Mnn ■?!?■' "P1"**. *■■><■ Presidont. W. Bell.
"20 Vine street: secretary-treasurer, E
Waterman, 1167 Georgia street: recording
eaT W-  Sh*°n°n-  "'"-•"■•I*  >v.enue
PLOYEES, Pioneer Division, No. 101-
Meet, Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wed,
tVcS?,v.*"° a*8 ""•   i,™W»nt* w!
H. Cottrell; recording secretary, Jos. E. Grit*
secretary   and   bueineas   agent,    Fred   A.
Hoover, 2409 dark drive.
•"5DAMS/BMr?J'   ^MgS'     ONION    OF
AMERICA,   Local   No.    178—Meetings
held flrst Tuesday iu each month,  iZ
M,°.•.ldH1'nF.';"nJ!J, Wllll,m!- vice*ir..ld.„t
A',?' Oettaridiej record ng sec", 0. Mo*
Donald, Box 603: flnanclal secre ary H
Nordland, P. Q, Box 60S '
nm ■».,*". Sinda*' •' —th month at 2
8™. &!*id,!lt' Wm* H* Youhill; vlce-presl*
S"J W- B* Twtteri aecretary-treasurer, R.
H, Neolands. P, 0. Box 66.
. v 0,Jr^H,,.'J tttt and third Wedneaday,
Labor hall, 1484 Government street, at 8
ft .?'.. •P™"**'™'. 6. Taylor; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
of America, local 784, New Weatmlnater.
Meeta second Sunday of eaoh month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box '499.
Coal mining rlghta et tho Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, th, Yukon Terirtory, the Northweat TerrlCrlaa ud
In a portion of the Provlnee of Britlah Columbia, may be teased for a term of twenty-one
yeara at an annual rental of 81 an aero. Not
more than 2,660 acrea will be leaaed to ono
Applications for lease muat be made by the
applicant In person to Ihe Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district In which the rlghta applied
for are altnated. ""
In surveyed territory the land miat ba described by aectione, or legal aubdlvlalou of
sections, and in unsurveyed territory tha
tract applied for ahall ba ataked by tha applicant himself.
Eaoh application muat be accompanied by
a fee of IS, which will bo refunded If tta
rlghta applied for are nos available, but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on tha
merchantable output of tha mln, at tha rata
of five centa per ton.
The person operating tha mine ahall for.
nlsh the Agent with awora returna account-
Ing for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished it leaat one,
a year.
The lease will include the eoal raining
rlghta only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rata ot iio aa aere.
For full Information application should h.
made to the Seeretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of tho Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thla ad*
vertlaement will not be paid for—80690
tS&o Of America
copt«iCHT amoi ham mctmngo
Vote Agalnat prohibition I Demand per*
•onal liberty in choosing what yon will drink.
Ask for thli Label when purchasing Beer,
Ala or Porter, sa • guarantee that it la Union Made. Thla la onr Label
Phone Seymour 4490
Labor Temple Press    Vancourer, B. 0.
Working Men,
Every reader of The Federationist
is asked to consider how the B. C.
Prohibition Act would affect Labor
conditions throughout the province
A census of the employees now ongnged in connection with
the business of licensed premises has just beon taken with tho
following approximate showing:
This total doos not include 1214 employees of licensed premises who havo responded to thoir country's coll, and nro
now in tho trenchos or military camps.
It covers only persons directly omployed in tho trode,"^!
docs not in any way cover the thousands who would be indirectly affected by the operation of the Prohibition Act.'
The "job" of every one of these employees and the welfare of every
dependent is threatened by the
Prohibition Act.
N. B.—The special attention of the leader Is called to the
fact that the Prohibition Act allows of the free and unrestricted sale of liquor hy Import. This means that lt is pro-
posed to sacrifice the Interests of labor la British Columbia
not for the cause of Prohibition, but for the upbuilding of
industry, trade and employment at points outside the pro-
\l FRIDAY JULY 21, 1916
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
is good—be temperate in
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
| Fifth of Series by President
of the B. C. F. of
| The Board WiU Have Ample
Power to Deal with All
Cases Arising
Trades and Labor Council.
July 24, 1891.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
is good for all men; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. The total abstainer bas no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by foroe of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
B. C. Special
,  Nine Years in Wood
Established 1803     -
[By Jas. H. McVety]
HUMAN LIKE, the writer has assumed that the workmen of the
(President B. C. Federation of Lnbor)
province would be most interested in
the monetary considerations contained
in the Workmen's Compensation Act,
and for that reason those provisions
havo been dealt with flrst, although, in
the opinion of many, the questions of
'JMedical Aid" and "Accident Prevention" nre considered of greater importance.
Importance of Medical Aid.
Mention has already been made of the
faict that neither the Washington or
Ontario acts contain any provision for
medical nid or hospital treatment for
injured workmen. In Washington practically every one agrees that amendments should be made to provide for
this essential feature, and in Ontario,
after the act has been in force for one
year, the board, in its first annual report, has this to Bay:
"An important matter to which attention might be called is the absence
of provision for medical aid and hospital expenses of injured workmen. The
present condition as to this is inequitable to workmen whose injuries are of a
nature that make the medical expenses
liirge in proportion to the compensation
received; it is inequitable to employers j
who voluntarily bear these expenses out I
of their own pockets, while others do
not, though all contribute alike to the
accident fund; and it is inequitable to
doctors who sometimes go unremuner*
ated. The solution lies either in the
general adoption of the voluntary arrangements already existing in numbers
of cases between workmen and cm
ployer for providing medical and hoBpi-
tal attention, or an amendment to the
act providing in some way for payment
of theBe expenses."
Bed Cross Utilized.
In Washington, the absence of provisions in the act has resulted in the
securing of the assistance of the American Red CrosB and its field representative, Dr. W. N. Lipscomb, who by lectures and the distribution of literature,
has done a great deal to bring about a
proper appreciation in tho minds of the
workmen of the necessity of securing
prompt and efficient "firBt aid" as well
as proper medical attention as soon aB
possible afterwards. A large number of
trivial accidents are followed by blood
poisoning, due to faulty and unclean
first aid methods, and Dr. Lipscomb
hns just issued a bulletin containing
ten rules for the prevention of this disease. His services are very highly regarded by both employers and workmen
in Washington.
Medical Aid In B. O.
Possibly the less said about the medi-'
cal attention provided for the workmen
in this province, at their own expense,
the better, only a few of the larger employers attempting to organize systems
that work either harmoniously or equitably, the balanco doing as little as possiblo.   It is not so long since, evon in
cities like Vancouver, injured workmon
were allowed to lay on the ground until
such time as some good Samaritan guaranteed or paid $3  to the ambulance
driver for the transport of the workman
to the hospital, and other instances are
known where the workman's pockets
wero picked by the hospital authorities,
and tho money credited to his account,
the workmen being turned out convalescent without n single dollar to Bubsist
upon until able to resume work.   With
such conditions in the cities, the imagination can easily picture the treatment
of workmen in the more isolated sections of the province.   Notable exceptions nre the organized mining camps
where the miners, in some cnscB, operate
general   hospitals.    Of  the  voluntary
schemes, possibly tho best is that in
force among tho C. P. R. employees, the
workmon contributing the full cost of
tho medical men and the company supplying the transportation.   Whilo this
system is alleged to be provided for
the benefit of the employees, tho compnny benefits by being able to Becure
the services of competent medical men
for passengers at point's that without
tho payments of the employeos, the compnny would require to bonus the medical men to enablo them to livo.   How-
evor, let us not examine   this   "gfft
horse" too closely, for regardless of
George Pollay intimated that Shafts-
bury Assembly, Knights of Labor, had
temporarily withdrawn from affiliation
with the Trades and Labor council.
The council pledged support to T. I.
Kidd, secretary-treasurer of the Machine Woodworkers International anion,
re formation of a branch of that body
in this city.
Following were elected a parliamentary committee: Geo. Irvine, J. L.
Franklin, Harry Brooks, Robt. Cosgrove
and Geo. Bartley.
Following added to Labor Day committee: J. Dixon, Thos. Masters, D.
Black, C. Jordan, F. W. Fowler.       .     I
[Are Assessing Themselves to
Raise Funds for a Live
the benefit's the oompany receive, and
for which the employees pay, the fact
remains that the employees are receiving better service for less money than
If the arrangement were non-existent.
Compared with the C. P. E. scheme, the
otherB, with a few notable exceptions,
range from bad to fair
Stcretary Smith of W. E. R.
A. Urges Similar Action in B. C.
Established 19M
We operate our own distillery
at New Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making are prepared with
great care from the best selected
grains that money can bay,
Pon't   forget   when   ordering
from your grocer to ask for the
. B. C, article.
Compensation Act Provisions.
As previously stated, the question of
medical aid has to be considered with
that' of the "waiting period," the time
that elapses after the accident before
the compensation payments commence.
The foundation of the provisions in tbe
new B. C. act is an agreement between
the representatives of the employers
and workmen, whereby the workmen
agree to contribute one cent for each
day actually worked for medical aid
purposes, and the employers. agree to
the "waiting period" being reduced
from two weeks to three days, thereby
granting compensation to about 50 or 60
per cent, more workmen than would receive it under an act with a two weeks'
"waiting period." As already noted,
the workmen are to contribute one cent
per day to the funds, and despite the
argument of those who contend that
this is a hardship, it must be remembered that the majority of workmen are
now contributing from one to two dollars per month, regardless of whether
they work one day or a full month. If
the fund so contributed is not sufficient
to pay the expenses, the employer will |
be assessed for the balance. Section 21'
covers the subject, and is subjoined:
"(1) In addition to the other compensation provided by this part, the
board shall have authority to furnish or
provide for the injured workman sucb
medical, surgical and hospital treatment, transportation, nursing, medicines, crutches and apparatus, including
artificial members, as: it may deem reasonably necessary at the time of the injury, and thereafter during the disability to cure and relieve from the ef-
focts-of the injury, and the board shall
have full power to adopt rules and regulations with respect to furnishing medical aid to injured workmen entitled
thereto and for the payment thereof.
" (2) Where in a case of emergency,
or for other justifiable cause, a physician other than the one provided by the
board is called in ta treat the injured
workman, and if the board finds there
was such justifiable cause and that the
charge for the services is reasonable,
the cost of tbe services shall be paid by
the board.
(3) The board may in its discretion
authorize employers to furnish or provide medical, aid at the expense of the
board and upon terms fixed by it.
"(4) Any plan for providing medical aid in force betwoen an employer
and his workmen or otherwise available
to the workmen at the time of the
coming into force of this part, or which
is hereafter put into force, or mado
available to the workmen, and which in
the opinion of the board, after investigation of the facts, is found on tKe
whole to be not less efficient in the interests both of the employer and of the
general body of workmen than the provisions for medical aid contained in this
section, mny by order of the board, subject to such conditions ns the bpnrd
may require, be declared to be a plan
approved by the board. So long as the
order of, tho board approving the plan
is in force and unrevoked the provisions of subsections (1), (2) and (3)
and of subsection (1) of section 30
shnll not apply to nny of thc workmen
in any employment embraced in such
plan, nnd during the like period the
provisions of section 12 of the "Master
and Servant Act" shall not apply in respect of any such workmen. j
(5) Medical aid furnished or pro
vided undor any of the preceding subsections of this section shall at all times
be subject to the supervision and control of the boardj and the board shall
have full power and authority to contract with doctors, nurses, hospitals and
other institutions for any medical aid
retiired, and to agree on a scnlo of fees
or remuneration for such medical aid.
"(G)   In the cbbo of any workman , —  j —'«"""'*       —- —■
employed as a master, mate, engineer, nave. o most beneficial effect—first in re-
senman, sailor, steward, fireman or in piling and restoring to health those in-
nny other eapacity on board of any ves- jured—in guaranteeing all workmen thc
[By J. A. Smith]
(Secretary Workers' Equal Rights Association) \
ORGANIZED LABOR in British Columbia does not seem to sufficiently
realize tbe menace contained in the
proposal to adopt prohibition in tbis
province. Many of its members not directly employed in the liquor and allied
industries being under the delusion that
it has no meaning for them in an economic way, and therefore it is none of
their funeral whose ox is gored In the
result. Needless to say, members of
Labor organizations who adopt this
mental attitude towards great .public
questions contribute but little to the
advancement of the Labor movement.
They are "the fly on the wheel" of its
progress. Upon the question of prohibition legislation, which is of such vital
importance to many of their organized
fellow workers in British Columbia,
these "slackers" might gain knowledge from the action of organized
labor in California -upon this question,
which is a live issue there also,
WIU Fight Prohibition.
Practically every legitimate labor
union in that Btate is now affiliated with
the California''Trade Union Liberty
League, art organization composed of
trade unionists, which has for itB object
the defeat of- prohibition at the polls
this fall. Branches of this organization
have been established in all the centres
of population in the state, and a convention is planned for Eureka, Oct 1,
to be held simultaneously with the annual convention of the California State
Federation of Labor, when it is expected to have more than 400 delegates
Unions Raising Funds.
The unions that would be directly
affected by prohibition, such as the bartenders, brewery workers, etc., have
contributed $4 per member. Some of
the other unions have done the same;
while a majority of the unions have signified their intention of contributing at
least 25 centB per member for their entire membership.
From all of which it would appear
that organized labor in California is
fully alive to the dangers of state-wide
prohibition, and do not intend to have
it imposed upon them without making
n strenuous fight to avert its adoption
at the November elections there. B. C.
unionists could well take pattern of
their brothers in California betwoen
now and September 14 next.    J. A. S.
charge for tho work is not exhorbitant.
This should result in n great improvement in many places, or in the mon accepting the provisions of the act whereby they receive tho benefits set out in
subsection one in roturn for tho pny-
ment of ono cent   per   dny   actually
worked.   An exception is also made in
the caso of ships that come within pnrt
(fi)   of'the "Cnnnda Shipping Act,"
this section requiring ship owners to
pay.certain dues, bnsed on tonnage, to
the Dominion government for such ships
ns   operate  in   foreign   waters,   even
though only for one trip, nnd the crews
of s-uch ships aro able to secure sick and
hospital benefits through the collector
of customs, the charges being paid from
tho fund created from tho tax.
Board Given Wide Powerfl.
A careful reading of the section nnd a
consideration of the subject generally,
will show that tho board is practically
given control over the whole medical
fraternity of the province, insofar as
their services are necessnry to workmen
injured in industry.  On the other hand,
the medical men aro assured of remuneration for whatever Bervice is rendered,
nnd in order to retain the opportunity
of rendering service, they will no doiibl
give the workmen as good treatment ns
their skill and knowledge will permit.
The< power given the board under this
section, if wisely exercised, cannot but
[ar Works
Telephone High. 285
., j „.. u»uiti ua nny vessel on which d-uty has been paid or is
payable for the purposes of the Sick
Mariners' Fund under part V of the
'Canada Shipping Act,' boing chapter
113 of the 'Revised Statutes of Canada,
100(1.' the provisions of subsections (1)
to (5) shall not apply to Buch workman
during the poriod in respect of which
such dntv has been paid or is payable.
(7)   Without  in  nny wny  limiting
the power of the board under tbis section to supervise and provide for the
furnishing of medical aid in every case
where the bonrd is of tho opinion that
the exercise of such power is oxpedient,
the board shnll under this section, in all
cases where the circumstances, in the
opinion of the bonrd, do not require the
exercise of such power in order to procure prompt and efficient medical aid
for the injured workman, permit medical aid to be administered, so fnr as the
selection of n physician is concerned, by
the physician who may be selected or
employed by the injured workmnn or
his employer, to tbe end that sn fnr ns
possible all competent physicinns without distinction mny be employed nnd be
available to injured workmen."
Medical Aid Unlimited.
Instead of limiting the amount to be
expended in each case to a fixed sum, or
for a certain period of time, ns is the
rule in the majority of states, sub-sec- j
tion 1 provides for unlimited service, on i
tho ground that the workman who is injured and requires medical or hospital
aid for a period or time in excess of fhe
allowance fixed by law, ib in a worso
position to pny thnn he was when the
injury occurred, nnd thnt it is ridiculous
to suspend the boncfits before the mnn
is fit for work, or ns fit as medical service can mnke him.
Some Exceptions.
It will be observed that medical aid
schemes already in force that hnvo thc
approval of the board are not to bc
disturbed, but to secure this approval,
it must be shown that tho workmen are
being given good service, nnd tbat the
.   n „vwiilg   Ull    I, IMiMIII.II    I Ilf
samo treatment whether they are able
to pay or not—and in seeing that the
doctors and hospitals are paid a uniform scale for -uniform service
Only those who havo hnd to listen to
the complaints of workmen will ever
understand the full effects of a proper
enforcement of section 21 of the act.
—makes a REAL cup of Coffee—yet
it taken lens—much lens—than ordinary kinds.
This is an Important thing to know
—saves expense—cuts down tho high
cost of living.
The jroen coffee from which NABOB is tho final result, cornea from
tbe very best Coffee plantations in all
the world—fine healthy berries, roasted, blended, packed and sealed in air*
tlftbt container* riirht bore In Vancouver, without the human band coining
In contact with it through all the
Get a tin of Nabob now—
your grocer has it.
$p -'■ <*%,
Named Shoeiue frequently nadeia Not- ||
Union Factories—Do Not Boy Aay Shoe
no matter what iti name, unlet, it bean a
plain and readable impression of thia stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
alwaya Non-Union,
248 Summer Street, Boston, Mesa.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, See.-Treaa.
(Strictly modern), one block from Labor Temple.   Here, every comfort
awaits you.
Union Cigars and best brandi of beverages our specialty.
Hrst-cl»as cafe In connection.
O. H. Mumm ft Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whiiky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte ft Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher ft Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
Letup's Beer
G, Preller ft Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Crisp, Delicious
is made only on the
The even heat of the electric device
which makes the toast RIGHT ON THE
TABLE ensures it being perfectly done.
Enough toast for six persons at a cost
of less than one cent.
Price, complete with cord
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
near Davie PAGE POUR
...JCLT 21,, 1916
July Clearance
Sale Is On
Take advantage of it to supply
present and future needs—
Everything in the store is reduced excepting a few contracting
lines and groceries.
Mammoth Bargains Prevail all
over the store.
 iaa__*_u__ iota     ntm— i _*_____*_ 'TW" wwiimww .       V ____\J
Granville and Georgia Streets
August 14th to 19th
LEADING      \jAx JJ
Special 11 P. M. to 1. A. M.
704 Robson Street
Better Dentistry—
Tou cannot get, than the service,my offlce affords—the finest equipment
of any dental laboratory in the WeBt—every applianco for the important work of putting your teeth in perfect condition—the highest skill of
trained experts in every department—the highest standard for all dental
work—and prices as low as possible with highest quality.
Call in or telephone for an appointment; consultations and advice free.
My Schedule of Prices:
Gold Crowns, each $ 4.00 Expression Plates; the very
Porcelain Fillings, each    1.00
Porcelain Crowns, each    4.00
Amalgam Fillings, each    1,00
best  10.00
Bridgework, per tooth    4.00
Painless Extraction        60c
Repairing Plates      60c
Crown and Bridge Specialist
Tuesday and Friday, 7 to 8 Tel. Sey. 8331
When you recognize this as a
fnct you will boost for the products of home industries by cutting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plant in B. C.
Milk Users!
Fairmont 2624
Fairmont 2624
supply you with pure, fregh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
Tie Hillcrest Dairy
Reports Indicate Improved
Conditions in Labor
Various Delegates Discuss
Questions Affecting
Their Unions
* ' Inst meeting of the Trades und
Labor council, tho reports of delegates
showed a very satisfactory stato of affairs ns regurdB the labor market, nil
unions reporting all members employed
except thc Bartenders, who were working short time owing to the reduced
hours under tho umended Liquor net.
"Brotherhood" Circular Filed.
A circular lottor from the legislative
committee of the Railway Brotherhoods,
asking tho council to endorse the name
of M, R. Crawford for a position of
commissioner to administer the new
Workmen's Compensation net, was received and ordered filed.
Officers To Be Elected.
It being tho regular time for the semi-
yearly election of officers, when the
chairman called for nominations, it was
moved by Delegates Knudsen-Pnrlett:
"That the present officers be nominated
to retain office for nnother six months."
The motion carried, it being understood
that nomination's would be re-opened
next meeting night when the election
was held.
McVety As Commissioner.
Under tho head of new business, it
wbb moved by Delegates Yates-Knud-
sen: "That this council endorse J. H.
McVety as ono of the commissioners to
administer the new Workmen's Compensation act, and recommend the same to
tho government." Del. Lewis opposed
tho endorsement of McVety or Crawford either. Del. Stoney was oi the
opinion thnt we should not endorse any
one, as it did not make any difference,
The man who was to get the job would
get it no matter who was proposed by
the workers. He also stated that if any
Westminster mnn was proposed, we
should endorse him. Del. Knudsen snid
ho did not think any third purty would
come up, nnd thnt he thought thnt McVety wns the logical man for the position, as he did not know of nnother
man in British Columbia who had the
qualifications for the position that McVety hnd. Del. Yntes related the history of the endenvors of the workers in
the province to got thc net passed,
which showed very clearly thut without
tho knowledge nnd hard work of Mr.
McVety it would not have beon accomplished yet, and certainly not if labor
unions hnd depended on the initiative-
being tnken by the rnilwny brotherhoods. It being nppnrcnt from the discussion thnt the endorsement of any onc
.would not be -unanimous, it wns moved
as un nmendment "thnt this council do
not endorse any one at present fnr the
position of commissioner." The amendment enrried, and hnd the effect of shelving the mntter for the time
Boilermakers' Grievances.
Del. Chapman reported that tho BoiT-
ormakers in the Vulcan Iron works had
gone on'strike, on July XI, for nn increase in wnges, but had ■ returned to
work under protest* awaiting thc return of tho mnnngor, who was absent
from town nt tho time.
Higher Wages Being Paid.
An indention1 of the Btate of the
labor market in this district is the fnct
thnt the berrymen nre now offering 50c
per crnte instend of 25c as at the first
of tho season, it being found impossible
to obtain pickers nt the first price, it
wns found profitable to offer a 100 per
cent, increase in wages. j
The fishermen in the salmon business
also get some, ndvnntage from the shortness of lnbor ns the ennnors' association
nt their meeting last week decided to
pny 50c per flsh at the stnrt of tho sen-
Bon, which iB just now starting, the first
sockeyes having made their nppenrance
'n tho rived this week.
To Stick to 8-hour Day.
At the last meeting of the Civic Employees' association, it waB decided to
tnke up with the city council the mntter
of having the Snturdny nfternoon off,
witho.it nny reduction of pay. This notion wns determined on owing to rumors having been lienrd that they wero
to bc laid off on Saturday afternoons,
nnd worked for nine instend of eight
hours on the othor days of the week. As
it hnd been a hard fight to get the 8-
hour day in the first place, the men
very promptly decided to hang on to it,
nnd in order to do so decided to ask for
the half-holiday on Snturdny without
reduction of pay, nnd will send a deputation to Ihe mooting of the city council next Monday night, and if unable
tn get what they want there, will use
their organization to demnnd arbitration of the question.
"Alas, how can a woman be happy?
If men stnro nt her it embarrasses her
and if thoy don't it bores her; if they
flatter her it makes her suspicious and
if they don't it makoa her Indignant; if
they mako lovo to hor it hurts hor dignity and if they don't it wounds her
vanity.   Ah, mo."
Brutal Scheme Is Strongly
Opposed by Organized
Special July
Display and
Sale of Corsets
AT $1, $1.50, $1.75, $2.50
and $3.60
"THIS is a demonstration
of remarkable Corset
values the like of whieh
have not been presented
heretofore. The models
are all new, the styles correct in every detail and
the qualities are above the
average. If you are wanting Corsets we suggest
and urge that you view
these that we now offer.
You will find styles that
will please you and you
will appreciate the fact
that you will receive extraordinary value. Come
and view the various lines
now. You will do well to
supply both present and
future requirements during; this speeial sale.
President Nock of Victoria
Pays Pioneer Local An
Official Visit
Bull-Pen Buzzer Gossip Concerning Incidents of
the Week
Refined Service
One Block weit of Court Houit
Uae of Modem Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors  free  to all
Telephone Sermour 2426
Vancouver—Offloo and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3480.
North Vancouver — Office and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phono
[By J. E. G.]
THE LAST meeting of Pioneer Divi
sion wns fairly well attended, on account of thc voting on a couple of propoaed bylaws, the adoption of which
will no doubt bring home to a few of
our senior members the fact that the
majority rules whon it comes to a question of living up to the principles of
trndes unionism. While it is to bo regretted, in some respects, that such notion wns forced upon the officers of the
division, still, nfter all, it is n case of
the grentest good to the greater number.
Victoria Officer a Visitor.
President Nock, of Victoria local,
wns a welcome visitor, at our last meeting, he being here in the interests of
No. 100 regarding the clearing up of a
few points in connection with the dny-
off law.
Medical Attendance Assn.
, On behalf of the board of management of the Medical Attendance association, we would like to thank the
seven members of the division who attended the semiannual meeting on Friday last, nnd extend nn invitation to
them to ngnin bo present nt the next
meeting in January,
Remember The Fed.
Whon buying nn article from any
store that advertises in The Federation-
ist, wouldn't it bo a simple mntter fo
let the advertiser know {lint you hnd
seen his advt. in Tho Fed.! It would
be a small mntter for us to do individually, but it's effect in securing advertising for the paper would be fnr-renching.
The "Bull-pen" Buzzer.
Somebody Raid Bro. Hubble was looking younger since ho left the president's
chair, but the renl reason is on account
of the electric ninsBngo. Joe was talked
into having in his last visit to his barber.
It certainly is up to the boys to buy
President Cottrell a fountain pen,
Looks hnd to see one pen being handed
bnck nitd forth between the prcsuTeTTt
nnd secretnry.
If you want to see the latest in bathing suits just watch Bros. Adam Tnylor
nnd F. Embloton on Kitsllano bench.
Of course, Bro, Embloton hnd his bathing suit underneath, but the Indies
didn't know that at the time, nnd when
Freddy started taking off his pants the
poor things simply gasped nnd became
interested in something further nlong
the bench.
No, brother, we haven't forgotten
anything, but our time is limited, so we
will tell you nbout John Hendry's adventure next week.
Women Strenuously Object
to Have Children Fed
to Cannon
[By W. Francis Ahern]
C YDNEY, N. S. W., Juno 21—(Special
^ to Tho Federationist.)—It has been
announced by tho capitalist press that
conscription hns been plnced on the
statute books of Now Zealand, "amidst
ringing cheers, accompanied by the
singing of tho National Anthem." As
there nro but a handful of democratic
members in a houso of over 50 members,
this jubilant exu-bcratice can be readily
understood. On the other hnnd, however, the workera nro making no secret
of the fnct they intend to put up n very
determined opposition to tho government, whon tho attempt is made to piit
it into operation. Deputation after deputation has nlready approached the
New Zealand prime minister, stating
what the workers think of the'mensurc,
and what they intend to do.
Not for Cannon Food.
One of the most significant signs of
tho times may be found in the fact of a
deputation repeseuting a vey largo body
of New Zealand women, which informed
the government that these women ob-
joctod to bringing children into the
world to be turned into cannon fodder,
nnd if conscription measures wero to be
mado a part of the life of the people,
thon thoy would havo to reconsider
their position ns progenitors of the race.
Whether this will hnve any effect upon
the government or not, remains to be
seen, nlthough it is significant' that the
prime minister says thnt while conscription is the Inw of the land, ho does not
think it will bo actually put into operation.
A Call for Resistance.
The temper of the trndes unionists
of New Zealand, in regard to this conscription business is well expressed in
the following resolution: "We condemn
thb Military Service bill, which embodies industrial conscription ns welt ns
military conscription—in short autocracy and tyranny in its worst form—
ns being subversive of overy domoefntic
liberty. In our opinion the bill is a
complete triumph for Prussianism. Under it the working class of New Zealand
will bc reduced to a position worse'thnn
thnt of serfdom, and will be completely
nt the mercy of a few military despots.
As the bill is absolutely unnecessary
and futile ns a war measure, nnd as it
purposes to trample underfoot tho most
elementary liberties of the New Zenlnnd people, we call upon the organized
workers of the country to determinedly
oppose it in every way possible and nt
every stage."
Lively Campaign Being Waged By the
Many Friends of Socialist Candidate,
PRINCE GEORGE, B.- C, July 13.—
The wage-workers of this constituency
nre preparing to give the old parties n
scrap, though the difficulties nro numerous. Our candidato, John Mclnnis, is
doing good work, and were it not for
the fnct' that' most nf us nre broke, it
would be easy sailing for his election.
We intend to do our best. It is not
certain yet whether we nre to have a
three-cornered tight or not, but it will
not mntter much to us. Tho anti-socialist vote will be ngninst us anyhow. We
fully realize that tho tactics so well
known to Fernio riding mny be duplicated hore, but we hnve a vigilance
crew nil our own nnd it will keep thc
Bowser machine guessing to elect its
Postal Clerks' Association.
A letter hns been received from Mr.
A. S. Black of tho Vancouver post office
stuff, who hns been attending the session of the Postal Clerks' Association
of Cnnndn, at Region, in which he
stntes thnt the next convention will be
held at Winnipeg. Officers of the association were elected ns follows: President, C. Gardiner, Regina; vice-president, S. H. Tense, Winnipeg; secretary-
treasurer, J. W. Green, Winnipeg; editor
Postnl Journal, A. Venables, Calgary;
organizing secretnry, A. S. Black, Vancouver; deputy vice-president for Brit'
ish Columbin, G. A. Hutchison, Vancouver.
"Ignornnce being bliss, tho fools in
the world hnve the best of it.
Sunday Sailings
Spend Your Sunday on
the Water
loaves Johnson ivhnrf at 9.30 n.m.
evory Sundny for Gowen Point
(W. P.), Eo'borts Crock, Wilson
Crock, SECHELT, nnd Half Moon
Buy. Returning, arrive nt Vancouver nbout 8 p.m.
Tins is tho finest outing on tho
coast for picnics, etc. Full particulars, phone Soy. 4230.
Without Health Life Has Few
Dr. Conway's M.D.
Eliminnto   poisons,   impurities,
uric  acid,  etc.;   ont  the  proper
food.   Nature will do the rest.
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Catarrh,
Kidney, Liver, Stomach troubles.
The M. D. Health Cl'.ib meets
every Wednesday nt 2.30. Tou
nre welcome.
The Opportunity of the Season to Buy "Queen
Quality" and "Boston Favorite" Shoes at a Reduced Price, Regular $5 and $6 Values for $7 QC
AT the end of this month comes
the somi-annual stock-taking,
and in the meantime we are making strenuous efforts to clear up
tho badly broken lines in order to
simplify the task of making tho
inventory. Mnny splendid lines
that are down to eight or a dozen
pairs of a stylo aro included—
beautiful drosBy shoes that it will
bo impossible for you to buy—for
us to buy—at anything liko tbls
prico nguin. Women who want
footwear of quality—shoos with a
reputation for stylo and durability—"Queon Quality" shoes-
should attend this snlo and will
bo wiso to buy two pnirs. Among
tho shoos nvuilablo uro: Hi waist
patent pumps, hi waist bronzo
pumps, patent sandals, patent
laco and button boots on dropsy
lusts, gunmetal bluchor Oxfords
und othor worthy and dosirnblc
stylos. All of thom Queen Quality and Boston favorito grades,
und regulnr $5 and $(l valuos.
Salo prico $3,85
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Djairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.
for our drivers.
Or watch
Vancouver Exhibition Next Month,
The Vanoouver Exhibition assoeia-
tion is making very elaborate preparations for the entertainment of its members nt tho exhibition this year. A
lnrgo portion of the centre of tho grandstand is being railed oft and connected
by a private staircase with elaborate
rest and club rooms, whero light re-
froshraonta will bo served to members
at actual coBt. There will also bo check
rooms for parcels and wnips, etc, nil
under the supervision of experienced
caterers and attendants. It is the intention of the association this year to
make the social feauros of ho exhibition a vory important department, nnd
with this object in view, a special com*
mittee hns been appointed to take
ohnrge.of theso matters, Tho accommodation will enable members to moot each
othor nnd havo a pleasant time together, away from the crowded spaces.   ***
"To bo happy with a man yon mast
understand him a lot and lovo him a
littlo; to bo happy with a woman you
must lovo her a lot nnd not try to understand her at all."
"Nothing seems to ago a woman like
life with a, perfectly constant husband;
apparently, it takes a little uncertainty
to keep up tho circulation of tho heart
nnd prevent tho emotions from sagging."
During 'he recent milk wftgon drive
Fitiil to The Fetlorittlonlst t "...
mon of tho lot."
s' strike one of the union men
The womon nro tlio best union
Here Is a Chance For the Wives
and Friends of Trade Unionists
To Help The Federationist and
Make a Little Money for Themselves Without Much Effort.
Read every lino of this extraordinary announcement; acquaint yourself with its terms; it menus money in your pocket
and will immeasurably help The Federationist to grow.
No red tape; no delay. Cash on presentation of purchase
The Federationist will pay cash money to thoso of its readers who are awake to their own interests and patronize our
advertisers in preference to thoso who don't think enough of
the organized workers to bid for their custom.
Save Your Purchase Slip;*—They nro worth money to you
whenever you buy of advertisers in The Federationist, snvo
the purchase slips you get with ench sale—bring them to
Boom 217, Lnbor Temple, and we will immediately
We intend in this way to compensate our renders and mako
it wortli their while to patronize our advertisers, and in turn
to convince our advertisers that it pays to advertise in The
Snve your purchase slips with each sale and when you have
$50 worth of slips from any or all advertisers combined—
send them in nnd wo will immediately send you iM in cash,
The B. C. Federationist is the only bona fide Lnbor paper
published in British Columbia—in fact, west of Winnipeg.
When you are engaged iu n struggle for better conditions it
throws its full power into tho controversy to help you succeed. It is owned and published by the B. C. Federation of
Labor, and Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, and you
are therefore one of its shareholders.
In view of its great usefulness to you, is not Tho Federationist deserving of your .support to the degreo at least that
you help it by the judicious use of your purchasing power?
We endeavor to organize the purchasing power of tlie
working class of this city for tho purpose of throwing it behind our advertisers; wo ask you to co-operate with us and
Mnke tho advertisers' place of business shopping headquarters for organized workers—and when in need of any
commodity enumerated exercise the adopted slogan of orgaai-
zed labor:
Phone Sey. 7495        VANCOUVER, B. C.
P.S.—We will not honor purchase slips
other than those of Federationist


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