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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 10, 1916

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 '■■'-. ■
THE1 BRITISH
DJDUSTBIAL UNITY: S'. $NGTH       ^&-
COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
POLITICAL UNITY: VIOTOBT
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10,1916
/!■ VMMtTW
\ aty fi.oo
)     $1.60 PER YEAR
Fearlessly  Tackles  Dainty
Dinners in Defense of
His Country
Gallantly Runs the Risk of
Dyspepsia Without a
Murmur
[By W. P. B., Phoenix, B. C]
THE DAILY SKETCH, a London
apcr having a circulation of one
million copies daily, has the following
to aay in its issue of Sept. 27:
"General Sir Sam Hughes is, of
course, in town just now. And
when he is there's no mistaking it,
for he doesn't exactly slink down
back streets in disguise. He is fond
of driving about in that huge open
ear, and usually sits in front, next
the chauffeur. He was to be seen
at the Empire the other night, with
a large party which had to be accommodated in more boxes than
one."
We regret giving thia news to our
readers at so late a date, but the news
agencies failed to send this important
item by cable. In the paat they have
generally found space for frequent despatches telling of dainty little dinner
parties and luncheons at which Sir Sam
led the attack. Sir Sam's social doings
at the heart of Empire have a special
interest for the widows and orphans of
soldiers, who naturally tako a keen intereat in matters of military significant, and it is of special intereat to
hear that Sir Sum has been doing the
London shows. Tho news agencies
Bhould take note that the people of Canada intensely desire to know all the doings of the minister of militia at this
time when the nation is engaged in a
life and death struggle. It also interests
and servos to fortify tho public to read
of Sir Sam's wonderful fighting spirit,
of hia personal sacrifices for the cause
and of the example ho sets the nation of
porsonnl economy in war time. And
above all, it is especially encouraging
to read of tho strenuous efforts he puts
forth night and day for the cnUBo of victory—suffering all the pains of dyBpop-
sia without a murmur.
General Sir Sam's patriotic devotion
to tho throne haB been well evidenced
by tho willingness with which he relieved the Duke of Connaught of the arduous duties of. receiving the salute at
grand military reviews. Sir Sam has
time and again intimated the intensity
of hia deaire to be located in the very
moBt dangerous part of the thickest of
the fighting, and it iB yet another instance of his personal sacrifice thnt ho
valiently holds himself back bo thnt his
services are available where he believes
them to be of more value to fain eountry.
Sir Sam's henrt is in tho fighting. If
he wero in the trenches what a fighter
he would bel Ono cnn picture him
standing kneo-doep in n stream of blood
valiantly fighting on until his last suspender button had been shot away.
One of tho happy incidents of these
tragic times is the appreciation expressed by tho people of Great Britain at
the achievements of Canada's soldiers,
In the extremity that the British people
now face, it might be expected that
their anxious minds would defer sentiments of gratitude until days of pence
come. But Canada's soldiers have won
luch admiration for everything Canadian that any of us visiting tho Old
Country find ourselves standing in a hallow of esteem. Sir Sam's frequent visits
vto London bring him within the warm
' glow of that sentiment, and no doubt
tho modesty of his bearing under so
much attention touches tho hearts of all
who see him. And 'tis not hard to imagine how far he gets from swank nnd
bombast when mnking responses on behalf of Canada.
Whilst thousands of our countrymen
are giving their lives and whilo others
lie gasping under the agonies of asphyxiating gas, whilst tho Empire is in its
greatest extremity and whilst the wives
and mothers of our soldiers arc torn
with anxiety, is it not n great solace
nnd source of strength to the nation
that we have Gen. Sir Sam Hughes!
We who know of his expressed desiro
to bo in tho thick of the fighting can
Appreciate what an awful strum it must
bo for such a born fighter to be constrained to sit in the Savoy hotel, nursed in the soft melodies of perfect music
with nothing more bloodthirsty wi-jh
whieh to give battle thnn a dainty
caviar; what a splendid picture of
soldierly endurance under stress.
Gen. Sir Sam first attracted national
attention a year or ao ngo by his utter
ance of the idea thnt nil strikes constitute incipient civil war, and it is true to
say that he has retained the watchful
notice of the people ever sinco. Gen.
Sir Sam overflows with the spirit of
loyalty and this was never better shown
than in his loyalty to Col. Allison, whom
he publicly called friend at a time when
such friendship was most needed.
When one thinks of Gen. Sir Sam
Hughes' rise to fame ono is reminded
of the words of the Panlm, "Out of the
mouths of babes and sucklings thou haat
ordained strength."
RAILWAY MEN IN CANADA
WILL OO AFTER 8-HOUR DAY
; ■ /
Railway men in Canada will urge the
passage of an Eight-Hour BUI, such as
that obtained somo time ago in the
United States. The timo is not considered opportune to press the matter, but
"Rs soon as Alliod victory has been definitely established, it will be taken up
by the Brothorhood of Railway Trainmen. This is the message of James
Murdock, presidont of the organization.
Mr. Murdock refuted tho claim that tho
C. P. R, threatened strike had been
brought about becauso of tho success of
the trainmen in the United States in
, securing tho oight-hour day.
JOHN BROOKS
'he popular recording secretary ot Beaver
Lodge, No. 182, International Asiiootation
of Machinists, and who recently played an
active part ln the new Vancouver Island
railway schedule, which haa Juat been released from Tancouvor General Hospital,
after an Ulneaa of some two weeks, and la
now convalescing.
OF BUSY LEU
Much Business of General
Interest to Members
Transacted
Nomination of Officers for
December Made for Ensuing Term
AT THE regular monthly meeting of
tho P. A. L. 0., branch 12^7 to
number of members wero present.
Dels. Dodd and Knowles reported the
meetings of Trades and Labor council.
Bro. Sparrow reported that a reBpect-
uble sum had been realized from the
whist drive und dance. Tho proceeds
were ordered to be paid into tho Canadian patriotic fund.
Secretary Wight reported at length on
the executivo meeting, dealing with
transportation matters, and re arranging for H. H. Stevens, M. P. to address
a mass meeting of the branch, on matters pertaining to tho service. Tho recommendations of tho executivo were
concurred in.
President Cnrl reported arrangements
for sending of "hampers" to all postal
employeea at the front.
Recommendation of the Federated executive re petition for an increase of
wages, to offset the increased "high
cost of living" was endorsed, nnd ordered to be proceeded with; the delegates to Trades and Lnbor council to
usk that body to endorse same.
A letter was read from John McCourt,
acknowledging a letter of condolence
from tho brunch, re tho late George Mc-
Court, superintendent of Letter Carriers.
Nomination oil Officers.
Nominations were made as follows for
the vurious offices for the year 1917:
President—Harry Doan.
Vice-president—A. R. Cook and J. J.
Dodd.
Secretary—R. Wight nnd F. Knowles.
Assistant Secrotary—A. R. Cook and
E. Rivett.
Treasurer—R. Kirkwood and J. J.
Dodd.
Tyler—E. Rivett and G. W. Gibson.
Collectors—Main poatoffice, N. Barlow, T. Fyles, A. J. Hudson. Station B
—G. E. Harris. Stution C—P. Knowles,
W. H. Sanders. North Vancouver—J.
McL. Keist.
Auditors—L. L. Kemp aud W, A.
Squires.
Trndes and Lnbor Council Delegates—
J. J. Dodd, R. Wight, P. Knowles, J.
Cass and D. J. McCarthy.
Nominations remain open till night of
election.
Election of officers Pridny, Doc. 1. It
is the duty of every member to attend
and voto on tho various offices. Don't
stay awny, then kick for the rest of
tlie year.   "Do your bit."        P. K.
Try asking for the union label  on
f goods purchased.   Coata nothing—helps
lot.
SHINGLE WEAVERS
HAVE ORGANIZED
Orgaizatlon Meeting Last Sunday Re
suite In Application for
a Charter.
Another new union has beea added to
the roll in Vancouver. Last Sunday,
nineteen shingle weavers gathered in
Lnbor Temple and decided to mako application to tho International Shingle
Weavers' union, with headquarters at
Seattle, for u charter. Thu new union
will hold another meeting on Sundny
next, about the only day tho boys can
get together, for tho purpose of electing officers and fittingly receiving tho
charter. There Is no intention of mnking any demands at this time. The idea
of the trail-blazers in this industry is
to organize 100 per cont. first. Then
they figare thero will be no need of anything more than "negotiations." As
soon as tho new union gets into working order, the membera intend to affiliate with tho central lnbor body and
tho B. C. Federation of Labor. Being
thoroughly alive to their own interests,
they have already subscribed for The
Federationist. The trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver will welcome the organization of the shingle weavers. They
are not altogether now at the business,
and it is their intention to mako good.;
Their delegates to bodies with which
they are affiliated will proflt by their
presenco. The reputation of tho Shingle
Weavers' union in the stntes to the:
south ia nlrendy an cnviablo ono, and i
onc thnt will redound to the credit of
the B. C. trade union movement before
long.
The smaller some people are the bigger noise they make.
AIMS AND OBJECTS
OF LABOR UNIONISM
"That human beings shall hunger in a land that is productive
enough to feed the world is almost beyond belief. Yet in our
land, blessed wiih productive soil
and natural opportunities, want
stalks abroad. To abate that unnatural condition is one of the
great objects of organized labor.
Organization of the units of industry and then education as to
the needs of the human family,
and the understanding of economic needs and tho remedica of
wrong philosophies must occupy
the attention of working men and
women. They m.ist take hold of
the situation as thoy find it and
by orgnnization of tho great
wealth producing classes and by
education to the point of understanding of the human needs, correct wrongs and establish right
and justice."
THE TWENTIETH CENTURY RIDDLE OF THE SPHINX
Capitalist Production and Exchange Foundering Upon the Rocks of Impossibility-
Credit Breaking Down Under the TerrUfc Strain of War and Waste-Rapid and
Persistent Rise of Prices Portends Complete and Final Collapse of Structure
ma MOST famous Sphinx in Greek mythology was that of Thebes. She was alleged to be the
daughter of Typhon and Echidna, and had the face of a woman, the feet and tail of a Hon,
and the wings of a bird. Her principal stock in trade was a riddle which she propounded to
every Theban she met, and whoever iftiled to guess it she carried off and devoured. Capitalist production and exchange, or capitalism as it is commonly termed, might be likened to
the Sphinx of Thebes. It is the child of chattel Blavery and feudalism, is devoid of all human attributes, possesses the characteristics of a beast and the crawl of a reptile. Like the Sphinx it
presents a riddle to the sons of men. The penalty for a failure to solve it is death, a penalty that is being paid by countless thousands at present, upon the battlefields of war aud the battlefields of peace.
When the riddle of the Sphinx of Thebes waB solved, she threw herself down from the mountain wherein she dwelt. Until the riddle of capitalism is soly^d, this modern Sphinx will continue to devour and
destroy for the very good reason that it is impossible for even a Sphinx to live without sustenance, and
for this'modern one there is no other food than that obtainable by rapine and slaughter. Failure to
solve the riddle continues the rapine and"slaughter, If mankind would free itself of rapine and slaughter, it must solve the riddle.
♦— rr~ ""♦tributed to the war, there would appear
" to be some cauae at work th/it has escaped the attention of our statesmen,
economists and professed wiseacres. Or
perhaps thero is a cause at work of
which they dare not Bpcak even if they
know of its existence.
Occasionally an editorial pinbead suggests that the dollar has depreciated in
value during recent times. He might
add with a considerable degree of truth
that along that line evidently Hob the
explanation of much of the increase of
prices that has been so marked during
the paat few years. ,,
The dollar is depreciating for the
very simple reaaon that the credit system of capitalism ia breaking down. Tho
accumulation of capitalist investment,
the magnitude of capital, had become so
great even prior to; the outbreak of the
war, that a marked depreciation of currency was noticeable. Sucb a depreciation of currency or credit, which ia the
same thing, cnn only manifest itself in
an advance of prices of commodities.
Such an advance has been continually
on aitice the latter end of last century,
and has become more pronounced each
year. The reaBon of the war mny be
found to largely rest upon that fact.
The increasing impossibility of new
and additional investments of the surplus accruing from the operation of capitalist industries, because of the extension of credit beyond the limits of possible returna, was quite enough to throw
the leading capitalist nations into the
jlmjoms of despair and aet thom to cutting each other's throats* This, of
courso, only tended to make a bad mntter infinitely worse, It is evidently
bringing this inevitable credit collapse
to a swift and culminating conclusion.
Ab credit is shaken through hnlf the
world und sacroaant gold flees to the
othor half, its stability and virtue as a
currency basis disappears in tho same
ratio as the currency nnd credit* based
upon it shrinks. In the United States,
where such a vast quantity of this gold
in now held, its purchasing power seems
to be of but little greater .value than
that of tho sadly depreciated paper of
many of the European countries. It
looks as though this capitalist fetish
may in time sink in vnlue to tho level
of thnt placed upon it by the Utopians
of Sir Thomas More, whom it will be
remembered used both gold and silver
for the making of chamber ware.
Will the Riddle Be Solved?
There is one thing that thiB war is do-
ing'und doing it well. It is transferring
tbe debt of the World from tho hands of
individual capitalists to the hands of
tbo capitalist statu. This by no means
wipes out any of the debt, or investment, as it is called. Tho public debt
of Prance, Germany nnd other stntes,
that uro being created for the purpose
of carrying on those wars, are all being
builded up by transferring the credit of
individuals to the public or government
account.
It is thus evidently preparing the way
for the solving of the riddle by the enslaved working class, when by pressure
of circumstances, it sliatl hnve been
forced to take command of the powers
of government iu order to snve itself
nnd all humanity from tlio rabies of
capitalist civilization.
When that stupendous accumulation
of mathematically impossible credit hns
been suitably mobilized upon the governmental shite, it will bo simplicity itself for the hnnd of triumphant Labor
to wipe out tho infamy thnt has boen
builded up through the agony of tho
ages, out of the sweat and blood of
slaves.
With the cleaning of tho slate tlie
riddle will be solved. Tho capitalist
.Sphinx will go hoadlong down the mountain into tbe gulf of oblivion, nnd take
its blood nnd profit-lust and war-road-
ness along with it.
Then will punce be made possible.
In the meantime, credit will shrink
and prices continue to go up.
How It Works,
Under the present property regime,'
the production of wealth Ib carried on
for the purpose of bringing to the masters of property more wealth than they
are called upon to pay for. That means
that they are to get something for nothing, ThiB is called profit, and the operation of an industry that will not
bring this profit ceases as soon aB the
fact becomes apparent. Now the purpose of profit ia two-fold. First, so that
the owner may obtain hiB living without being to the painful necessity of expending any of his own energy in order
to got it. Second, to enable him to enlarge his operations and thus lift himself above Mb fellows in the social
scale, for in a slave society tho only
badge of excellence and superiority ia
the badge of wealth. A syBtem of property' or Bociety thut is baaed upon getting something for nothing ia per bo, a
slave society, for that is the very essence of slavery. To get something for
nothing is itB fundamental purpose and
underlying motive. Nojv for a little cal
culation. If then, the purpose of capitalist property and production is to enable the owners to livo without oxpense
to themselves, nnd at the same time to
add to their holdings of wealth, thero
mast bo a limit beyond which they cannot possibly go, for the very simple reason that there must bo a limit to the
productive power of thoso upon whom
tho operntion of industry depends. Industry is carried on by and through the
labor, not of owners, but of non-owners;
not of masters but of slaves. Theae non-
owners or wage-workers are forced to
sell their power to labor, to the masters
and owners of tho means of production,
nnd accept therefor whatever the latter
may find themselves compelled by the
circumstances of tho market to pay.
There is litle room for argument upon
this point. It is only necessnry to ob-
sorve just what takes place daily in the
general market for commodities, to dis
cover that the labor power of the work
ors, the slaves, is a commodity that is
traded and trafficked in just tho same
as any other commodity, and unalterably subject to the same inexornblo and
merciless rules as all other things that
are bought and sold.
Now then, if tho tabor power nf the
slaves is bought, let us say for a given
sum, and the expenditure of that labor
power brings forth a value greater than
itB cost to the purchasers, and the latter
do not consume all of this additional
value, but retain somo portion of it for
the purpose of further investment, it
logically follows that this increased investment will to that extent augment
their revenue for the succeeding profit
period. This will, in turn, increase thu
amount available for new investments
at tho end of each recurring period. In
other words, the magnitude of invested
capital will bc continually increasing.
Ab this invested capital thus functions
solely for the purpose of bringing u pro
fit to the investor or owner, and such
profit can come from no othor source
than the labor of thoso whose labor
power can be purchased in the market,
it logically follows that its mngnitudi
will at last become so great that it will
be beyond the productive power of lnbor
to provide the means to realize that
profit.
Even the productive power of labor
must havo a limit. Even the veriest novice at figures should be able to readily
discover tho mathematical impossibility
of continuing this delightful game beyond that limit.
The riddle of the modem Sphinx is
then up for solution, and tho failure to
solve it incurs the penalty of death and
destruction. The death nnd destruction
is now in evidence throughout the world,
more especially in Christina Europe.
Something Ahout Credit,
A good deal ib said about credit by
those who have littlo idea of Its importance in the schemo of things capitalistic.
All so-called capital is credit. It becomes a fixed charge against production. A .profit must bo paid upon it.
This is equivalent to an interest charge
upon an ordinary loan. This thing called
capital is only that portion of previous
production that it has been impossible
to Bell for ensh. It must, therefore, be
sold on credit, that is, put out in tho
form of on investment which is but nnother way of saying tho snmo thing.
Whut is herein meant by tho term
"selling for cash," is that which la removed forever from the market by being taken therefrom and consumed in
such a manner thnt it no longer appears
in the financial records. Take for instance Buch things na are removed from
the market by the workors, through the
medium of their wages. These things
aro consumed by the workers. They no
longer appear upon the books. They
have been paid for and wiped off the
slnto. Tho same is true of the things
lifted from tho market by tho master
and actually consumed by himaolf and
dependents. In addition to this, bankruptcy, firo nnd other calamities wipe
somo of it off the alato, but all that is
left after this, has to be disposed of on
credit and forever remains a chnrge
upon tho books against future production. It can never bo paid for becnuso.
there is nothing wherewith payment cnn I
be made. I
Tho wages of the workors and tho J
consuming capacity of the masters have
a limit beyond which they ennnot go,
and beyond that limit thoro is no cash
payment. All else is credit, or what Is
commonly termed new Investments of
capital. Let the reader take note that
whenovor anything is tnken from the
market to bo used in production, tho
value of it goes into the things pro-
duced, and thus persists in remaining in
the market, and upon the books of record ns u pnrt of tho permanent capitalist investment. In other words, as a
credit charge against all future produc
tion of wealth. And a still more significant joke in relation to the whole matter is that the wholo delightful process
workB itself out juat the same ns compound interest. This hastens the necessity of solving tbe riddle of the Sphinx
of modern slavery.
What Is Happening?
The chief concern-of everybody at
present is the high and rapidly advancing cost of living. Prices have increased enormously during recent years, more
especially since the*,leaking out of tho
war, and the.-' is abundant evidence
that the end is not yet.
No oue can point to any possible relief in sight. Our statosmen and economists (muy the good Lord forgive us),
are like chattering mngpies in the face
of this price phenomenon. About tho
only ndvice they have to offer is that
these high prices are due to thc war, and
it is tho patriotic duty of everybody to
pay them without squealiag, no matter
whether they have tho means or not.
If tho rise of prices wns confined to
such things as might be used directly
in the prosecution of the wur, or such as
the production of which might havo
been seriously iaterfered with in consequence of it, such a rise might bc easily
accounted for and understood. But
when it is noted thnt everything hns
gono up in price, whether it hns anything to do with wnr or not, or whether
its senrcity could or could hot be at
CAPITAL CITY TRADES
AND LABOR COUNCIL
Secretarial Notes Hit tbe High Spots
Covering tne Business of
Last Meeting.
VICTORIA, Nov. 2.—Th'e secretary'
treasurer opened Inst night's meeting,
and Bro. Nunn was elected chairman.
Credentials were received from city
firemen, stage employees and longshoremen. Beport received thut city firemen
had organized a union and affiliated
with the central body. A public meeting, held on Nov. 1 by the Civic Employees and Trades council in the city
hall. Committee re 10-oz. bread loaf,
reported interviewing tho city council,
and had been promised consideration at
a future meeting. The question of the
wages being paid on the old Songees reserve was referred to tho executivo for
prompt action. Tho report appearing
In the press re tho Duncans farmera nnd
labor, was referred to tbe samo committee to secure tho co-operation of the
Congress executive of tho B. C. Federation of Labor. Report of the Congress
officials referred to the executive. A
paper wus read re conditions in the Empress hotel, and referred to the executive for consideration. Report received
re Retail Clerks forming a branch of
the International union.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURINC
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Nov. 12—Musicians;
Stage Employees; Shingle Weavers; Steam Engineers.
MONDAY, Nov. 13—Amalgamated Engineers; Patternmakers;
Electrical Workers No. 213;
Bro. Locomotive Engineers.
TUESDAY, Nov. 14—Stono Cuttora; Pressmen; Barbora.
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15—
THURSDAY, Nov. 16—Mninten-
nnco-of-wny Employeea; Trades
and Labor Council.
FRIDAY, Nov. 17—Railway Car-
mon; Civic Employees; Granite
Cuttera; Molders; U. B. Carpenters, No. 017.
SATURDAY, Nov. 18—Bakers.
MAINTENANCE-OF-WAY MEN
Secure Wage Increase From Finding of
Joint Board.
Announcement has been made by the
Grand Trunk railroad system thut the
award of the bonrd of conciliation
granting nn increnso of pay to the Main-
tennce-of-wny Employees of the system
Canada, had been accepted. The
award gives the men nn increase of 25}
cents n day and foremen 20 cents. About
2300 employees are affected.
Typo. Officials' Conclave.
R. J. Brown of Calgary, and B. W.
Bellamy of Medicine Hnt, vice-president
and secretary respectively of tho Western Canada Conforonco of Typographical
unions, conferred thia week in.thia city
with Philo Howard, of Seattle, secretary
of the Typographical Conference of the
Northwostorn conference. Their busi-
neaa was of a nature concerning the
trado in tho torritory covered by the
two bodies. R*. R. Elliot of Edmonton,
who represents the International Typographical union in Alberta, is in the
city this week on business in connection
with the local union.—Lethbridge Her-
uld.
If the prico of news print continues
going up, it will soon bo more profitable
for ahoo manufacturers to use lonther.
It's a caution how some critics of Tho
Federationist ovor get to know Us contents. Tho maiHng list fails to give ono
any cluo.
UOFLMM
IMDBY
EXPERIENCE
Trades Council of Capital
f  is Justified by
Experience
Declares for Solidarity
Labor and Unity
of Action
THE LATB BOBEBT OOLUBB
In the lilt Imue ot the Typographical Journal
Robert Collier's death waa announced. He
' wat- a charter member of Medicine Hat
union, formed in 1909, and (or several
years wai president of the loea). He had
represented No. 451 at leveral conventions
—I n ternatlonal Typographical union
Nashville, Alberta Federation of Labor at
Calirnry, and Weitern Canada Conference
of Typographical unions. He wai the flrtt
Labor representative to be elected to the
city council, and in many directions his aa-
sistance to organlied labor waa productive
of resulti. Hr. Collier's death occurred on
Aug. 20, when out with threo companions
on a trip in a Ford runabout. In turning
a corner the machine strnck a boulder, and
though the auto wai going at but a moderate rate of speed, It turned tnrtle. While
the other occupants escaped with a shaking
up, Mr, Collier was pinned beneath one of
the axles, and hli neck was broken. Word
was Immediately despatched to Medicine
Hat, where the widow and three children
reside.
10
A.F.0FL
Paul Scharrenberg Will Go
to Japan from Unions
of California
President Gompers Invited
to Visit Japan By
Bunji Suzuki
The Laborers' Friendly Society of
Japan, says tbe American Federationist,
last year sent two representatives to the
United States—Messrs. B. Suzuki und
H. Yoshimntsu, to learn what they could
of the organized lujior movement of this
country. These representatives visited
the headquarters uf thc American Federation of Lubor and attended the annual
convention which was held in San. Francisco. Mr. Suzuki addressed thut convention, telling the delegutea of conditions among the workers of Jnpnn und
efforts to establish a labor movement in
that country. This year Mr. Suzuki was
a fraternal delegute to the convention
of the California State Federation of
Labor und expects to attend the Baltimore convention of the A. F. of L. this
month. A recent lotter to President
Gompers, contains much of interest to
the workers of this country und indicates an opportunity that might result
in the establishment of international
hit ions between the workers of the
United States und Jnpnn similar to
those thut have been established with
the workers of Mexico and whieh have
demonstrated their benignant influence
upon diplomatic relations. The concluding paragraph reads: "I am happy to
tell you that a similar invitation, which
I extended to the California Federation
of Labor, has unanimously been accept
ed at tlie Eureka convention. Paul
He (in Tre ii berg will bo the official delegate to visit Japan next year, while a
number of others will probably accompany him. Nothing will disappoint my
comrades in Jnpnn more keenly than
yonr declination of this invitation. Upon
my arrival in Baltimore, I shnll present
to y**.- thc formal invitation and wilt
submit to you the details concerning ou
anniversary celebration, and thu trip of
the delegates. Tn the meantime, 1 wish
tn convoy to you my best regards and
highest esteem."
fudging from tho election reports, as
they appear in the daily "kept press
of this city, there were no votes cast i
Ihe United States on Tuefldny last, other
than Republican and Democratic As
reliable news agencies these local
"moral engines" and "molders of pub
lie opinion" nre in n class by them
selves.
Profits vs. Patriotism.
lu Australia the govornment decreed
the price of wheat at $1.18 for heme
consumption and $1.20 for export to
Britain. Our government allowed the
speculator to set tho price, with tho result that the people of Winnipeg pay 7
cents a pound loaf nnd in England the
people by tho action of tho government
get a four-pound loaf for lt> conts. Talking about patriotism! Which govornment is the most patriotic—Canada or
Australia f—Winnipeg Voice.
The race between Wilson nnd Hughes
for the presidency of tho United States
seems to have been n close one. It is
not yet known who is tho winner. Judo*
ng from the election reports in the daily
press, no vote was polled oxcopt republican ami democratic. That famous saying of Lincoln, tbnt "you cannot fool
of the people till of the time," does
not appear to hnvo tho virtue that it
at one time appeared to possess. At
least Hughes and Wilson seem to havo
made n good job of it. It is timo the
groat republic plunged into war with
some first-class power so that tho fool
killer could get in his work. Como to
think of it that is what war is.
MEMBERS OF the Victoria Tradei
and Labor council, at their lass
meeting, rushed to the defence of tM
organization of the Victoria firemen Wider the Victoria Trades and Labor council, which is affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. In a communication to the eity eouneil they defended themselves against the attacks
of E. Prendergast, of Vaneoaver, vice-
president of the "Canadian Federation
of Labor." Hr. Prendergast said organization under the loesl Trades and
Labor councU would mean placing the
Victoria firemen under American control.
The defence of the local organization
wes made by James Taylor, president,
and the organization committee, consisting of Messrs. John Day, James Bass
and Q. A. Coldwell. The whole question wll lbe threshed out before the
aldermen on Friday afternoon next.
"Under the heading of an article in
the local press, viz.: 'Opposes American
Union for Firemen,' certain statements
are made to appear to come from the
mayor, Aldermen Dilworth and Feden,
who apparently have fostered a one-
Bided idea from a letter from a man
named Prendergaat, of Vancouver,"
says the statement of the local labor
men. "The Tradea and Labor council
being the central body of Victoria, and
the members of which are drawn chiefly
from ratepayers and citizens, it is felt
that before making such rash statements
the above-mentioned gentlemen would
havo been well advised to consult the
officials representing the Trades council.
A little enlightenment may be of use.
Must Be International.
"First, it may be well to state that
the trades union movement can be no
other than an international movement.
That is whut it stands for.
"Second, that with reference to the
money going out of Canada, it may be
useful information to your body to know
that one Canadian union paid out during a certain term $161,010.21, and re-
j-celved in sick, out of work and other
1 benefits the sum of $2,833,074.97, a balance of some $2,052,438.76, being paid
back into Canada. If your members
will take the trouble of referring to the
official Oovernment Trades Journal, part
of which was published in a local paper,
you will readily see that tbe statement
of Prendergast is false. The statement
that the unions are all operated from
the United States is again false, nnd
the man knows it.
"The statement thnt tho Vancouver
firemen, being affiliated with the federation called ' Canadian Federation' is
again false.
"It mny bo helpful for your council
to have the aims and objects of the
American Federation of Labor, and, in
fairness to the local bodies and their
actions, considering the publicity given
to the other letter.
Unity Necessary for Solidarity.
'From the inception of the American Federation of Labor it has taken
the stand that, whilo uaions for the
various trades und callings must each
and all be left entirely free to govorn
themselves within their own borders, yet
between tbe members of all these unions
thoro should bo a bond as great as that
between the members of the samo organization. And it ia the aim of the A.
F. of L. to strengthen that bond by or-
gninzntion and by education und inculcation of the feeling and consciousness
of unity of interest and solidarity to
place the Labor movement upon a higher and more effective plane. It seeks to
organize and yet unorganized workers,
the skilled and unskilled,  the parmnn-
ntly located and the migratory.
" 'The A. F. of L. holds that what-
ver a man may bo so long ns be workB
honestly and seeks to wrong no other
man, or to advantage himself ut tbo cost
of another, aad seeks to maintain tbis
standard, regardless of how uny toilers
may happen to bo employed, he is n
man. Though tho A. F. of L. does not
advocate strikes, yet it encourages them
when ull other means to obtain justice
for the toilers bave failed It urges
that the workera when struck, striko
buck as best they can. Though atrikes
do not always win, even those alleged
to be lost nt least ind aee employers to
forbear in the future and tench tbem a
leaHon they do not rondily forget, namely, thnt labor ia the most important factor in production and entitled to a voice
in the question of wages, hours and conditions under which work shall be performed.
Work for Labor As Whole.
The A. F. of L. stands as tho must
potent factor in all our country in defence of tho right of free assemblage,
free speech and freo press. It endeavors to unite all classes of wage-earners
under one head through their several organizations with the purpose in view
that clnss, race, creed, political aud
trado prejudices may bc uboliahed and
that moral and financial support mny bo
given to all. It aims to allow in tho
light of experience tho utmost liberty
of ench orgnnization in the conduct of
its own affairs consistent with the generally understood practice of tho identity and solidarity of labor.
" 'Tho A. F. of L. establishes intercommunication, creates agitation nnd
educates not only the workers but the
oducators. It iB in dirct correspondence
nnd conference with tho representative
workers and thinkers tho world over.
It urges the interests of the toilers in
Congress, state legislatures, municipal
legislative bodies, administrative offices
nnd judicial agencies. It initiates mens-
(Continued on nsire 3} PAGE TWO
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An Improved
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FOB ONLY $2,000
(easy terms)
For full particulars write Drawer
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PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST
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THEM WHY. COSTS LITTLE
-HELPS A LOT.
FBIDAY...
mi
Published evory Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettipiece .Manager
Office:  Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription:   $1.50 per year;   in Vancouver
City, 92.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body. $1.00
'^^""^RH;:REs£rlTATIVEi
New Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 531
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box  15P"
"Unity of tabor: the Hope of the World*
FRIDAY November 10, 1910
THE HISTORY of the laat half century in the United Stntes hns been
a history of the most reckless and
brutal treatment of a working class over
recorded   since   the  declining days of
foudul   .and    church
BUSILY nutocracy in Franco,
SOWING THB     just    prior    to    the
WIND. French revolution.
There is no country
on earth todny whoro the satraps of
\ government, and the petty profit-mim
gering business tinhorns hold unbridled
liconso to outrago and maltreat tho defenceless workers, to the extent they do
in the United States. No matter what
outrage may be perpetrated upon them,
theso workers as a rulo, possess no
means of redress. About aU thoy can
do is to grin and bear it, and trust to
luck that it may not happen aguin. As
long ago as 1872 unemployed and hungry workingmen wero ridden down by
mounted police in Tompkins Square,
Now York, and from that duy to this
scarce a week haB passed by that did
not record brutalities perpetrated upon
workers, varying in degree all tho way
from just ordinary police clubbing up to
judicial, and oven just ordinary, everyday murder. The stato of Pennsylvania
has been a prolific field for ruling class
achievements along this line. The Molly
Magiiire troubles, the Pittsburg riots of
tho 70'b, and tho Homestead affair will
be remembered by many, the latter
marking the beginning of the end of the
onco powerful Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers. Each
of theso afforded its quota of victims of
ruling class ferocity and martyrs to the
cause of Labor in its struggle against
tyranny and oppression. Thtm followed
the Chicago Haymarket trouble with its
ghastly contribution of innocent men
murdered by legal decree. And the A.
R. U. striko of tho early 90 's, the coal
strike horrors of Tennessee, the W. F.
M. strikes in Colorado and the Coeur
d'Alenes, Lawrence, Mass., Paterson, N.
J., tho Michigan copper region and a
host of othors, all leaving their bloody
trail to mark the journey of the slave
in Bearch of relief from tho tortures of
tho enslaved and damned. And all the
way down the piece tho treatment accorded the rebellious slavos has become
increasingly reckless and brutal. During quite recent times -all caution has
been thrown to thc winds and evory
principle of humanity and common decency^ repudiated nnd discarded by the
miserable and contomptiblc hirelings
and lickspittles of clnss rule,
•       *       *
The jails of the iron rango district of
Minnesota are now filled with prospective victims of tho vengeance of the
Stool Trust, who have incurred its enmity by too loudly complaining against
the miserable wages they were receiving
und leading their fellows in un effort to
havo their grievances remedied. To say
that they have already been manhandled, beaten and outraged at tho hands
of the paid thugs of tho Steel Trust,
goes without saying, for that sort of
thing hns becomo ono of the well-established customs of tho times, nnd were it
not complied with, it would afford subject for comment, if not for actual censure. It would bo accounted an almost
unheard of and dangerous innovation.
Down in Snn Francisco a plot is now
boing worked out by the slimy reptiles
employed for such purposes, to either
hang or railroad to prison a number of
mombers of organize^ labor who bnve
been active in their offorts to bring
some olloviation of the conditions of
working nnd living, to themselves and
their follows through bettor wages and
other concessions from employers. These
threatened victims are accused of complicity in a bomb throwing outrage that
wus perpetrated upon a preparedness
street parade in thnt city somo months
ago. A number of persons wero killed
by tho explosion. It would bc a safe
bet for any ono at nil familiar with
polico methods, whenever they find need
for making out a case, that tho bomb
was planted by tho police or detectives
themselves, for tho specific purposo of
fastening tho crime upon some one or
moro persons who had been marked for
crucifixion. Ono of the accused has already been tried, nnd found guilty upon
evidonco thot no sano and decent person
would convict a yellow dog on. ThiB
evidence was all furnished by as vile
Bcum as could be gathered from tho
sinkholes and cesspools of the San Francisco underworld, and that is indeed going somo, as any ono acquainted with
that city's undorworld would cheerfully
testify. Not a capitalist rag, nor a capitalist sky-pilot, as far as we are informed, has yet raised a voice in protest
ngninst the infamy evidently being perpetrated upon theso accused memberB of
organized labor. And why should they
protest, for are thoy not all and singly
in tho paid omploy of the interests tbat
have marked those labor men for tho
sacrifice? Why, indeed should they not
kiss the hand that feeds themf That is
their business and their trade, and right
well and loyally do they pursue it.  The
laborer is worthy of his hire, yes indeed.
* *   -    *
Everett, Washington,, now springs
suddenly into well merited fame, a fume
not evon second to that attained by tho
city of San Diego, Cal., a few years
since, when its petty bourgeois perpetrated the vilest and most unmentionable crimes upon unarmed and defence-
less workingmen who had tho villianous
audacity to dure attempt to address
their fellows upon the public streots of
thut nasty littlo burg. For the awful
crime of attempting to maintain their
fancied right of free speech, these unarmed men were maltreated, brutally
outraged and driven out of the city. So
much for San Diego, but now comes
Everett, and raises the ante of brutality
to that of open murder. Everett is a
petty little lumber und shingle town
The petty littlo shingle manufacturer
can be readily distinguished upon sight,
His head is shaped like a shingle. Thero
is no mistaking him. Well, tho Everett
bosses have been having a little trouble
with t)ho shinglo weavers. A strike hus
been on nnd the aforesaid bosses, aided
and abetted by ovory cockroach merchant, slimy police official, tinhorn preach*
er nnd the balance, the slime of the
underworld, havo beon carrying things
with a high hand in dealing with tho
strikers. They havo been manhandled,
beaten and oven driven out of town. Of
course, they havo been outlawed becauso
they are declared to be I. W. W.'s,
which is suroly some crime. Only a few
days ago, the daily papers carried accounts of this mob of citizens meeting
some I. W. Wr. men who arrived at
Everett by boat and escorting them out
of town und compelling them to leave.
It since transpires that that was but
part of the real story. These working
men were driven into a cattle corral and
brutally beaten up before boing given
the privilege of departing for other
parts, nnd it is asserted that certain
holy men of God, duly and proporly commissioned and qualified to act as disciples of tho gentlo Nazarene, took active
part in tho beating up. Presumably
this might be considered a display of
ilitont Christianity, right up to the
minute.
# *       *
It seems that theso I. W. W. men and
tlieir fellows did not tnke kindly to
Christian ininiBtrntions, according to the
Everett decnlogue. On Sunday last u
delegation of I. W. W. men and others
who believe in the right of free speech,
and who deny the right of any individual or gang to drive any other person or
persons out of any city or town, left
Seattle fur Everett, by boat, for the
purpose of vindicating the right of nny
iti/en to not only enter tho city of
Everett, but to address his fellows upon
its streets if he chooBes to do so. -Tliis
delegation of citizons, acting clearly
within their legal rights, were met at
tho wharf by a mob of police nnd other
disorderly persons, nnd forbiddon to
land, A general shooting followed, and
several persona woro killed and n large
number wounded. It is claimed that
of thc I. W. W. men on the bont
wero killed nnd somo Bcoro or moro
wounded. Upon the side of the mob two
lawbrenking ruffians were killed and a
number wounded. Just which side fired
the first shot is not yet known, but the
responsibility hns beon already fixed
upon tho I, W. W., by an Everett coroner's jury, much to its own satisfaction,
and to tho great glee of tho "kept"
press of Vancouver and elsewhere. Under tho circumstances, the action of thnt
coroner's jury would appear strangely
liko unto that of a footpad sitting in
judgment upon his own ense. According to the press reports, the first shot
was firod by tho ''riotous mob" on tho
boat. Of course, passengers on tho boat
who wero clearly within their legal
rights in attempting to enter the city,
constituted a "riotouB mob," whilo the
posse of hirolings of thc Commercial
Club of Everett, which violated all legal
rights by preventing tho landing, represented "law and ordor" in itB most
pleasing nnd perfect form.
..November 10, 1916
THERE ARE some of us who are
not in a position to contribute to
the patriotic fund. This is principally due to the fact that wo cannot
earn enough in Canada at tho present
timo to enable us to
THB LOCATION successfully cope with
OF PATRIOTIC the problem of the
CASH. high  cost  of living;
As tho cost of living
has at least doubled since the outbreak
of the war, while wages have not increased at all, it may be readily 'understood why it is impossible to come
through with any contributions. Happily, howover, thore is moro than ono
wuy to skin a cat, as the saying goes.
While we cannot contribute caBh, we
nre in tho fortunate position of being
able to contribute advice and information thut should be of incalculable value
to those who aro responsible for tho
uforesaid fund. It is but fair to pro-
sumo that every person in the Dominion
of Canada is duly and properly imbued
with true patriotic sentiments. At least
he should be, oven wore it the caso thnt
he hud nevor yet been nblo to make a
decent living therein, which of course it
is not. Love of eountry is a sentiment
or attribute that should lodge in the
breast of ovory ono, utterly regardless
of whether such person has boen able to
make a living within it, or has been
compelled to become a recipient of charity in order to escape starvation. Be
thut us it may, howover, it is up to
every one to do his bit, hence theBe
It is more than likely thnt this rock-
less Bowing of the wind will bring a
reaping one of these daya that will not
bo altogether to the liking of tho brutal
intorests that now dominate tho affairs
of mon. It should not bo forgotten that
Hko brutality and recklessness upon tho
part of rulers and thoir hirelings culminated in the French revolution, tho most
terrific reprisal that nn enslaved and
nut raged working claBB ever took
against ita tyrants and oppressors. It
is beyond belief thnt a working class
will forever submit to such brutnl
treatment as has now come to be ita almost daily allotment in tho "land of
tho froe and the homo of tho bravo."
The limit of endurance will aome day be
reached, and no one need be surprised
if tbo whirlwind harvest should prove
to be more sweeping and bloody than
thnt which occurred in France over a
century ago, and which rulers oven yet
refer to as the "reign of terror." And
no doubt it waB a reign of terror to
tho tyrants and brutal ruffians of thoso
days. Let their prototypoa of today beware lost thoy bow the seed that shall
produce an oven more terrible harvest
for themselves. History is said to have
a peculiar habit of repeating itself, nnd
possibly there io a grain of truth in It.
As Tho Fedorationist is not in a position to contribute, it becomes our duty
to do the next best thing, by pointing
out the location of such odds and ends
of cash as might be made available to
the purposes of the fund, and no doubt
will be ns soon as thc present custodians
thereof have had their attention called
to tho matter. We fully realize that
those who aro inordinately busy at the
Boductive and pleasing game of getting
something fur nothing, might thoughtlessly ovorlook certain patriotic duties,
unless their attention wus called there*
to by others. For thia reuaon wo beg
to suggest a lino of action to the manipulators of the patriotic fund that will
no doubt be well worth following up.
In doing so we feel that we arc indeed
"casting bread upon tho wators," und
we fully expect thut largo returns will
como unto tho patriotic fund and much
be added thereby to the comfort und
sustenance of the wives, children and
other dependents of our soldiers, Aud
yet, us our contribution consists exclusively of advice, an article ot? universal
cheapness, whilo bread is so dear, woi makes such n delightful mesa of it.
nro perhaps deserving of censure for re-
that we might be able to scrape up. In
fact we know it. And far be it from
ua to even expect or accept thanks for
our well-meant advice and information.
What The FederationiBt gives it gives
freely, and without hope of reward,
either here or hereafter. And who can
say that ia not the true test of patriot-
iamf
* * *
And now comes the rather discouraging discovery that this precious Gfanby
aggregation of patriots recently sent a
communication to its employees intimating that the company expected them to
each contribute one day's pny per month
to the patriotic fund. The employees
made a counter proposition to the effect
that they would only be too pleased to
do so if the company would also agree
to contribute one day's profit per month
to the same purpose. Strange to say the
company flatly refused to agroe to this.
All of which leodfl us to bolievo that thc
patriotic ardor of labor skinners is not
nil that it has been cracked up to be.
i It seems to be of that peculiar brand
that expresses itself moro along the line
of bulldozing others into sacrificing
their lives and ensb, thnn in nny manner endangering thoir own precious
hides or wallets. Perhaps the lead that
The Federationist thought it had struck
and thut it fondly hoped might be profitably followed by tho patriotic fund
promoters, may provo to be a blind lead
aftor all. Should it so prove, the saddest part of it is that our long-cherished
faith in tho patriotism of wealth will
have received a jolt from whieh it may!
nover recover. And what iB left after
faith in our gods has been destroyed?
There is still much work in the world
for the fool killer," remarks a posaimiB-
tic correspondent. Quite so, but look
whnt a good job he is making of it,
Tnko it all uround, tho fool killer—
whoso first name is Mars—is no slouch
ut his business. Leave him alone and he
will finish his contract. Efficiency? Tho
very limit.
No man cnn go straight and always
hew to the line of working cluss interests, until he flrst understands that
clnss, knows its history and realizes its
mission. The understanding that reaches
no further than the narrow immediate
interests of the slave, us a slave, cannot
comprehend and encompass the interests
of the workers, as men. To dcul intelligently with tho grent problem that is
pressing upon the sons of men for solution, culls for u brouder conception of
human society and n deeper insight into
its present class character, than is required for the petty commercial conflict
over wages, hours and such like details
of a servitude whose contlnjiod existence
it is not even intended to threaten.
That is why ignorance, politically mas*
quernding in the garb of Labor alwaya
furring to our reckless 'munificence
■'casting bread upon tho waters." Our
only excuse is that wo were merely
.speaking figuratively. Any ono who
would actually cust bread, at tlie present, prices, upon the wuters, would certninly be afflicted with u reckless pro-
digiulity alongside of which that of tho
"prodigal son" would appear like unto
Scotch Presbyterian penuriousness in
comparison.
* * *
The Granby Consolidated Alining,
Smelting and Power company lias declared u quarterly dividend of $2 per
share, payable Nov. 1. The total nmount
uf this dividend is $2911,1)70. This makes
tho dividend payments for the current
year, ^1,049,894. Now there is a cash
lead that is well worth while going
aftor. Enough should be forthcoming
out of it to amply provide for the necessities of u very considerable number of
wur widows aud other dependents of
soldiers. And thc beauty of it ull is
thut tlie taking of it will impose no
hardship upon tho patriot thut is called
upon to surrender it, for tho very simple
renson thut it hns cost him nothing to
get it. It is altogether different from
taking the hard-earned wages of tho
wage workers of industry, which at the
most   are   barely   sufficient  to   enable
He who fears discussion and criticism,
fears the truth. A cause that cannot
stand upon its merits, deserves to fall.
And yet it is a matter of daily occurrence that publications are suppressed,
or arc barred from the mails of Canada
and thc rest of the Empire, because, forsooth, thoy have hnd tho temerity to
criticize the powers that be. And n
"liberty-loving people" meekly stand
for it without a whimper. All of which
leadeth lis to surmise that the house of
empire is not always "builded upon a
rock." A sandy foundation strangely
suggests itself. It does, indeed. Pearson's Magazine is one of the latest to
be debarred for having dared to denounce ns a crime agflinBt humanity thc
refusal of—but what'a the use. If wo
sny it we will nlso got it. A stop in
time often stives n bump. Wo don't
like bumps.
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Royal Crown products
SAVE ALL ROYAL CROWN COUPONS AND WRAPPERS
THEY ARE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep BrltlBh Columbia clean)
FIRE INSURANCE
We would be glad to quote you rates
on your fire insurance. We aro making
a specialty of this department, and will
guarantee you as cheap rates as can be
hnd, also complete satisfaction in all
your transactions.
JOHN A. BARBER
590 Richards St. TeL Sey. 4431
F. of L., nnd nowhere is their such a
fair opportunity afforded for tho advocacy of a new or brighter thought. The
A. T. of L. affirms as ono of tho cardinal principles of the trade union move*
meat that the working peopb must organize, unite and federate, irrespective
of creed, color, box, nationality or politics. In tho language of the^late William E. Gladstone, 'trade unioiiB are the
bulwarks of modern democracy." The
A, F. of L, stands unalterably for the-J
abolition of all forma of involuntary
servitude and devotea itB time and efforts to make every day a day of better
life.
" 'The trade union movement fosters
education and uproots ignorance; houra
and lengthens lifo; raiaea wages and
lowors usuary; ineroaaea independence
und decreaBeB dependence; develops
manhood and baulks tyranny; discourages selfishness and establishes fraternity; induces liberality and reduces prejudice; creates rights and abolishes
wrongs; lightons toil and brightens
mnn; makes the workers workshop safe
und brighter; cheerB the homo and fireside and makes the world better.'
"You will see from this that Canada
is left entirely freo nnd tho bodies thut
control and govern are the Trada and
Labor Congress of Canada and the B. C.
Federation of Labor. Thero is no doubt
after hearing tho above your minds will
be free from prejudice This matter
will, however, be taken up seriously ut
un early dato by the by tho local trade
unionists, and in conclusion it must bo
understood thnt the Trades and Lnbor
Congress of Canada and tho British Columbia Federntion of Labor stand for
exactly tho same ideas ns tho American
Federation of Labor."
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEETA
flrst and third Thursdays. Exeoutlvt
board: Janus H. MoVety, president; K. N.
Myitis, vice-president;- Vietur H. Midgley,
general secretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, treasurer; VV. li. Cotterill, statistician; sergeant-at-arms. John fcjully; A. J.
Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
ALLIED PRINTING  TRADES  COUNCIL—
Meets second Monday in tbe month.
President,   J.   McKinnon;   aeoretary.  R,   H,
Neelanda, P. 0. Box 00.	
BARTENDERS'    LOOAL   No.    67fl.—Office)
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meeta flnt
Sunday of each month. President, Jamea
Campbell; fluanclal secretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey, 4752; reeordlng secretary,
Wm. Mottisbaw, Globe Hotel, Main atreet.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION-
al Union of America, Local No. 120—'
Meeta 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in the nu.th,
Room 205 Labor Temple. President, L. _.
Herrltt; secretary, 8. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
ntrnnt.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1—
Meets .very 1st and Srd Tuesday, I
p.m., Room 807. President, F. Dickie; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 68;
financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; business
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 215.
BREWERY WORKERS, L, U. No. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrat and third
Monday of each month, Room 302, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, R. N. Myles; secre*
tary. Frank Graham, 2268 Twelfth avena*
west.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
nnd Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodgo No, 194—-Meeta
flrst and third Mondays, 6 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenne west;
seoretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street,
DEEP SKA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THE
Pacific—MeeU at 437 Gore avenue every
Tuesday,  7  p.m.    Russell  Kearley,  businesa
agent.	
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 211
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
overy Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. Me*
Dougall, 1162 Powell street; recording secretary, R. N, Elgar, Labor Temple; financial
secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
Tho Milk Wagon Drivers' union held
a socinl gct-to-gether in the Labor Tomple lust evning.
BUSINESS AGENT DIRECTORY
Ask  for Labor  Temple   'Phone Exchange
Seymour  7496   (unless   otherwise   stated).
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Room 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workera (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.    Sey. 3510.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenne. Office phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey. 6869.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805.
Sailors—W. S. Duma, 218 Hastings atreet
west.    Soy.  8703.
Streot Railway Employeea—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 5000.    '
Typographical—R. H. Neelanda. Room 208.
Say whnt you will against those bands
of business brigands commonly culled
ehnmbers of commerce, but it must be
acknowledged that they aro always
"Johnny on the spot" whon it comes
down to unselfish and disinterested effort for the morul nnd ethical uplift of
civilization. The Snn Francisco chamber of commerce pulled off an illustrative uplift stunt of this sort during the
recent election campaign, by installing
a huge telephone exchange nnd employing 150 "hello girls" for the punpose
of calling up every ono on the voters'
list and asking them to be sure and go
to the polls nnd vote "yes" on ordin
unco 8, and thus "prohibit picketing
jin San Francisco.   No doubt "picket-
them to exist and maintain their funii- ling" iB really a device of the devil, but
all is not lost while yet there stalks
In tho current number of tho A. F. of
L. Weekly Nows Letter," there appears
a cut of the union label of tho Allied
Printing Trades Council of Washington.
Immediately thereunder appear the
words "Labor not a commodity."
"Law signed by Preaident Wilson."
And there are some who still insist that
Mr. Gompers Ib not a humorist.
lies. Then again, if any ono is justified
iu becoming londed to tho danger point
with patriotic nrdor it surely should be
those who ure ho favored by thoir coju-
try us to be allowed to obtain such easy
monoy without effort upon their part.
We suggest that the agents of tbe patriotic fund go right after this Qranby
nioiiey,aiul not as a mattor of charity,
but us a mutter of right. For who
should have a better right to tho needful things thut this money will bring
than tho dependents of thoso heroic men
who are risking their lives and .fortunes
upou tho battlefields of Europe, that our
glorious civilization may rise triumph-
unt from tho deadly assault of Uuna
and barbarians.' Thore aro othor snug
sjiub of loot within tho confines of the
Dominion that should not be difficult to
locate for patriotic purposes. No doubt
it will bo freely contributed onco tho
attention of the absent-minded custo-
diuns thereof has been called thereto.
At uny rate along this lino lies a field
of exploitation that promises far richer
returns than could reasonably be expected from rummaging around among
the miserably low paid and semi-hungry
looking wago and salary camera of the
province and Dominion. Tho moral of
it all is, if money ib needed, go whero
the money is. Tho Granby pooplo openly advertise tho fact that thoy have the
money. Kvery ono who understands tbe
capitalist game knows how easily they
got it. Having got it so easily, in fnct
having gotten it for absolutely nothing,
they ought to be bubbling over with
patriotic ardor and cheerfully contribute
evory penny of it for the purposo in
hand. And no doubt thoy will. In locating thia Granby swag and suggesting
to the patriotic fund peoplo that thoy
go after it, we feel that wo are doing
our bit in a far more effective manner
than would bo tbe case if our contribution was measured by the actual cash
forth, even from dens of thieves, auch
great   deeds   nnd   mighty   efforts,
thwarting hell by "hello."
A. F. OF L. AFFILIATION IS
JUSTIFIED BT EXPERIENCE
(Continued from page 1)
ures in the name of labor and liberty,
und decides upon acts according as they
may bonefit or are cnlculotcd to injure
tho masses of tho pooplo. It has secured
vast relief from burden some laws and
governmental officiuls. It seeks and will
uchicve freedom and justico for all. It
encourages und has largely achieved the
interchange of iileus, ideals und methods. It seeks to cultivate mutual interest, und to secure 'united action to announce to the world the wrongs and burdens which the toilers have too long
endured. It voices the aims and hopes
of tho toiling masses. It asks and demands the co-operation of the organizations, co-operation nnd affiliation of all
wage workers woh believe in tbe prin-
ciplo of unity, and that thero is something better in life than long hours, low
wages, unemployment and all that these
imply.
Hostility to Servitude,
" 'Tho A. F. of L. endorses as basic
theso economic principles: That no trade
or calling' can long maintuin wages,
hours and conditions above the common
level; that to maintain high wages all
trades and callings must bo organized,'
that lack of organization among tbo unskilled workers vitally affects tho skilled, whether organized or unorganized;
that generally organization of skilled
and unskilled workors can bo accomplished only by united action—-federation; thnt the history of the labor movement demonstrates the necessity for the
union of individuals and that logic implies n union of anions—federation.
" 'The A. F. of L. urges the concentration of efforts to organize all the workers within the ranks of the organized,
fair and open contest for tho different
views which may bo entertained upon
measures proposed to move the grand
army of labor onward and forward. In
no organization on earth is there such
toleratiii, _, greut u scope, and so free
a forum as within the ranks of the A.
TRADES UNION DIRECTORY
Allied Printing Trades Counoll—R. H. Nee-
lauds, Boi 66.
Barbers—S. H, Grant, 1801 7th afenue west.
llarteuders—H, Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cattail, 2206 Fifteenth Ave.
wost.
.bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser,  1161 Howe street.
Brewery Workers—Frank Graham, 2256 12th
avneue west,
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Counoil
—F. L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Englneera—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Harwoofl street. Seymour
1848R
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1285 Hornby St.
' Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—it. D.
Jordan, 1060 Granville atreet.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 236 Clark drive.
ClKarmakers—W. H. McQueen, care Kurts
Cigar Faotory, 72 Water Street.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room B04, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear
ley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workers (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Engineers—-(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Alexander, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Hotel.
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardlne, Lahor Temple.
Horseshoers—Lahor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue weat.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J, Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Temple.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, S12 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H, J. Brasfleld, Room 80S, Lahor
Temple.
Moving Picture Operators—H. C. Roddan, P.
0. Box 845.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty Btreet.
Painters—Geo. Weston, Room 808, Labor
Temple.
Plumbers — Room 206%, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 2270 Fourteen Ave.
west.   Bayvlew 215L.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, North Vancouver, B. 0.
Quarry Workera—Jamea Hepburn, eare Columbia Hotel.
Seamen's Union—W. S. Buna, P. 0, Box
1865.   '
Structural Iron Workera—Boom 208, Labor
Temple.
Stonocutters—Jamea   Raybnrn,   P.   0,   Box
Sheet Metal Workers—J, W. Alexander, 9120
Pender atreet east.
Street Railway Employeea—A. V. Lofting,
2561 Trinity street,
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, eare Province.
Telegraphers—E. B. Papain/ Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelanda, Box 66,
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tilelnyers and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenue east.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association,  Local 38-52—Offloe and ball,
10 Powell streot.    Meets every Thursday 8
&.m.    Geo. Thomaa, business agent; Thomaa
ixon, secretary.	
MACHINISTS, NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.r. President, Win. Small; recording secretary, J.
Brooks; flnanolal secretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Tomplo. Seymour 7495.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA*
tors' Union, Local 348, 1. A. T. S. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday of each
month, Room 204, Labor Temple, President)
J. C. Lachanco; business agont, W. E. Mc*
Cartnoy; financial and corresponding score*
tary, H. 0. Roddan, P. O. Box 346.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouvor and vicinity.—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Temple, President, Ray
MeDougall, 001 Seventh avenue west; financial secrotary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
street; recording socretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street.   Phone Bayview 2698L.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployees, Pioneer l/'Moq, No. _101—
Meets Labor Trmple. sec6nd and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W, H. (Wind);
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording aeeretary. A. V. Lofting, 2651 Trinity street; An*
anclll socretary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
JOURNEYMEN     TAILORS'     UNION    OF
Amorica, Local No.  178—Meetings held
flrst Tuesday In each montb, 8 p.m.    Presl*
dent, Francis Williams;  vice-president, Miss
H.  Gutteridge;  recording iecretary,  C.  Me*
>"■'■    Box   60S;   flnanclal   secretary,   H.
0. Box 503.
Donald,   _
Nordland,
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—MeeU
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President, H. 0. Benson; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; aecretary-treaaurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. O. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B.    C.    FEDERATION   OF   LABOR—Meeta
In annual convention in January. Exeoutlve officers, 1916*17: President, Jas. H. MeVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Slverti;
New Westminster, W. Yatea; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompaon, P. 0. Box 158; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart: District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow* Neat Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-tnasu-er, A. B. Wella. P.
0. Box 1538, Victoria, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meeta flrat and third Wednesday,
Labor ball, 1424 Government atreet. at 8
p.m. President, G. Taylor; eecretary, B.
Simmons, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of eaoh month at 1*80
p.m.    Secretary, V. W. Jameson, Box 496.
PBINOE RUPERT. B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meeta second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, ln Carpentera' hall. Pre*
aldent, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, J. J.
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Bupert, R. 0.
jUBOANUBD  LABOB  OOMPAOTBC"
B. C. FEDERATIONIST, LIMITED—MeeU
at call of president. Labor Temple, Vancouver, B, 0. Directors: Jamea Campbell,
president; J. H. McVety, secretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman- and A, S. Wella. R. Parm.
Pettlpleoe, managing dlreotor. Room 917,
Labor Temple.    Telephone Seymour 7495.
FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE BODY"
Of America *£}>**
comiflHT .mn hmkwmiitwip itoi
Vole  agalnat prohibition I    Demand
_ rial liberty In cbooalng what yon will t	
Aak for this Label, when purchasing Beer,
aonal liberty
Aak for thlt
Ala or Porter,
'oa Made.
as ■' guarantee that It la Un*
Thla U oor Labal
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meets ln convention September of
eaeh rear. Executive board: Jaa. C. Watters,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B, C.; James Simpson, Toronto, Out.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; secretary-treasurer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 516, Ot*
tawa, Ont.
which tha rlghu applied1
SYNOPSIS OF GOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
Coal mining rlghu of the Dominion, la
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for • term of twenty-oat
yean at an annual rental of 91 an aere. Mot
more than 2,560 acrea will be leaaed to on*
applicant.
Applications for lease most be made by tha
applicant In person to tbe Agent or Soh-Ag« '
of the district In which tha i'
for are attuated.
In surveyed territory the land most be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, aud In unsnrveyed territory tht
tract applied for ahall bt ttaked by tbe ap*
plleant himself.
Eaeh application must bt accompanied by
a fee of 15, which will bt refunded if tbt
rlghu applied for are boi available, but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on tht
merchantable output of tht mine at tht ratt
of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating tht mint aball furnish tbe Agent with aworn returna account*
Ing for tbt full quantity of merchantable
eoal mined and W tht royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns ahould be furnished at least onct
a year.
The lease will Inclndo the coil mining
rtghU only, but tha lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available snrfaee rtghU
may be considered necessary for the working
of tht mine at tbe ratt of 110 en aent
For full Information application ahonld bt
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Landa.     _
W. H. OORT.
Deputy Minister of tht Interior.
X. B.—Unauthorised publication of thli ad*
fSTtimammn* wH» *wt bt paid  ftf—IMIO TEIDAY.  .November 10, 1916
THE .BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE
Week-End Bargains
MEN'S WORE GLOVES AT $1.10 PAIE
Gauntlet and short wriBt styles; every glove well-made, good fitting and
from good quality horsehide, buck and pigskin..   These today are worth
the regular pricing wholesale.
Values to S1.95 for (1.10.
I	
HEN'S SCOTCH KNIT UNDERWEAR, 69c GARMENT
"Penman's," made in Canada, shirts and drawers; good heavy-weight,
suitable for winter wear; will give good 'Service.   All bIzcb.
Exceptional value, 69c.
MEN'S NEGLIGEE SHIRTS—OUR LEADER—»1.00
Evory shirt coat cut—with soft or stiff cuffs; made well, and splendidly
finishod and fashionod from good quality striped FercaleB in assorted
colors.  We carry a big stock and the value is the best procurable.
„;   Our Special, 11.00.
, ^iWEuusonsBauConipanu
V. .   ^) mt____»  wn     wsuff s wmhmT wm ctHHiiniim
Granville and Georgia Streets
CANADA'S BEST
"The Beer Without a Peer"
A CANADIAN PRODUCT BREWED FROM CANADIAN
BARLEY AND HOPS
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthful, nourishing
beverage.
Pint,        FOR SALE EVERYWHERE       QUart3
$1.00 per       BREWED AND BOTTLED       $2.00 per
dozen AT THE BREWERY dozen
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
—LET THE—
Hillcrest dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utonslls are thoroughly sterilized before being used. The
milk comes from the Fraser River Valley.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT 1934
THE HILLCREST DAIRY
131 FIFTEENTH AVENUE WEST
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what ita name, unleaa it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the  Union  Stamp are
always Non-Union.
BOOT fit SHOE WOBKEBS* UNION
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    0. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
Just off the Press
□
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
[BY E. T. KINGSLEY]
□
In response to a widespread demand, The Federationist has
reproduced the article which appeared in its Labor Bay issue,
under the above caption.
This little booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding the economic basis of capitalist society, and the
position occupied by the working class within it.
It clears up much that has long confused, not only the
workers themselves, but many others who have given thought
to the vexations and anomalies of modern civilization,
It iB invaluable to every student of social phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working class.
In lot* of leu than 100 copies, per copy, 10 cent* postpaid.
In lots of 100 or more, at 5 centi per oopy.
The B. C. Federationist
Labor Temple, VANOOUVER, B. 0.
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, fpr distribution
among members, either for sale or otherwise.
IS
I OF I
I
Labor Power As a Commodity Can't Always Find
a Purchaser
When the Market Is Glutted
the Workers Must
Go Hungry
[By A. Hurry]
Vancouver Plasterers' Union)
UPON ENTERING into a consideration of the question of unemployment, one is soon brought faoe to face
with the fact that it is a disease of a
very grave nature, threatening the foundations of society as a whole.
Many and varied are the opinions advanced as to the cause of unemployment, both by reform parties and individuals. If Conservatives are in power
they are held responsible by Liberals,
and vice versa.
Some individuals, possessed with a
Malthusian mind, contend that the
world over is over-populated, but tbey
lack the courage of their convictions to
demonstrate at least a partial remedy by
their immediate departure. Others,
that the state of affairs is duo to overproduction and under consumption. The
theologian is ever willing to hoist the
onus upon the shoulders of the Divinity,
and solemnly and piously declare:
"The poor shall not cease out of the
land," (Deut. 15-11).
To theBe we would sny in tho words
of Dante:
Oh fond fli:xicfy of mortal men,
How vain and inconclusive arguments
are those
Which make thee heat thy wings below.
The Wage System at Fault.
We are therefore obliged to strike
deeper to find the fundamental cause.
In doing so we are forced to the conclusion that unemployment is inherent in,
and is tbe inevitable outcome of, our
present economic system, generally
termed tbe "wage system." \
It is itself the offect of an effete system and ultimately becomes the inexorable cause of the overthrow of that syBtem of which it is tho inovitnble result.
The first thing necessnry for a worker, to Secure the necesBarieB of life, is
to got. access to the means of production,
owned nnd controlled by the employing
cluss. This he can only do by entering
into an agreement with an employer to
exchange his labor power (the mental
and physicnl energy applied in the process of production aud distribution), for
its equivalent in coin or in kind, which
is termed a "wnge" or "salary"; the
difference betwoen a wnge nnd salary
being the difference in the laundry bill.
A wnge can only be, undor the most
fuvornble circumstances, in excess of the
bare cost of existence of the worker,
nnd the reproduction of his kind to replace him when of no further use.
Labor Power As Merchandise,
The lnbor of a human being (or labor
powor more correctly expressed) being a
commodity, bought, sold nnd exchanged
on tbe labor market, its exchnnge value
and prico is determined by two conditions, namely, its cost of production and
supply and demand.      •
All things being equal, or the labor
market being in u stnte of equilibrium
(supply equalling demand) labor power
will exchange at its natural price, or
cost of production. This "price" or
"wage" is merely the nctuul amount or'
food, clothing nnd shelter necessary to
keep the worker in a fair state of mental and physicnl efficiency. If on the
othor hand, supply exceeds demand, or
vice versa, its price will fall or riso accordingly.
Thus we seo that tho worker, under
tho wngo system, cnn only secure by the
snlo of his lubor power as n commodity
its equivalent in money (the price form
of the commodity).
Tho value of his nveragc daily wage
is determined by what the laborer requires so as to live, labor and generate.
Our investigation so far bas led us to
the conclusion that the worker only receives in exchange for his labor power
approximately sufficient of the necessaries of lifo (in money form) so ns to live,
lnbor nnd generate. The worker does
not censo producing immediately bo has
created tbo exchange value of bis labor
power; ho continues till thc end of tho
working day ngreed upon, which for
convenience nnd simplicity wc will assume to bo an nvernge of ten hours.
Work Mostly for Nothing.
If the worker recoived tho full product of his labor, which equals ten hours
expenditure of energy, ho would crento
products und not commodities. As the
capitalist cun only exist upon tbe unpaid portion of tho working dny, after
tho workor bus reproduced his cost of
subsistence or wago, or in other words,
the surplus value extracted from the
worker through the ownership of the
means of production held by the capitalist, he, the capitalist, would naturally
cease to exist as such, which is not n
very desirable thing to tbe capitalist.
In the United States (like Canada)
whero liberty of exploitation prevails to
ns groat an extent ns anywhere, the average annual production por worker
equals $2000, while the average annual
wnge equals $500, or one-fourth, which
gives the worker a purchasing powor
equnl to that amount.
Since tho worker's purchasing powor
is only equal to one-fourth of bis total
production, it is quite evidont he can
only buy back one-fourth, or $500 worth
of commodities, and with nn allowance
of one-fourth fnr tbe maintenance of
non-producers, wo still have n surplus
equal to one-half of the totnl products.
The effective demnnd of tho "homo
market" at all times being equal to the
purchasing power of tho workerB, tho
surplus must bo disposed of in the "foreign market" (the economic cause of all
wars). Since our presont economic system is prncticnlly worldwide, tho foreign market is becoming more nnd more
a negligible quantity; tbo result being
that the surplus commodities continue
to accumulate, with the consequent result that the stores, warehouses, etc, become over-stocked with unsaleable commodities; the wheels of industry cease
to turn; men, women nnd children become unemployed. Thus we nre brought
face to fnco with an industrial crisis
(generally termed a financial depression
to mislead the people.) and starvation in
the midst of plenty, a condition never
TWENTY-FIVE YEAES AGO
Trades and Lsftor Conndl.
November 13,1891
Messrs. H. Brooks, H. Cowan and Geo.
Irvine appointed to raise funds in aid
of a women's and children 'a hospital.
The carpenters were having trouble
with a couple of scab carpenters working on the power house in the lane, south
of Hastings street,' east of Abbott
street. •
State of trade, good.
Longshoremen having trouble on the
ship Titnnia.
known in the early history of man;
truly, the tragedy of modern industrialism.
Should Turn Another Page.
Mr. Wage-earner, perhaps you have
turned over a few pageB of history and
either pitied or despised the chattel
slave because of his position, which only
gave him his "keep" in return for his
labor, and perhaps you have turned over
a few more pages and pitied or despised
the serf because he too only received his
"keepI" But, Mr. Wage-earner, did
you ever think that we, with our boasted superiority, get less each year of the
things necessary for pur "keepf" We,
in fact, only receive on tho average,
about $500 per annum, when it requires
$f68 to keep an average family In a
state of working efficiency.
Perhaps you have been satisfied with
what the politician has told you was the
cause of unemployment.
It is now necessary that you become
a man and do your own thinking, and in
thinking twice, Iobo your admiration for
a syBtem which robs you of all ■ that
would make life a veritable paradise,
and gives you instead, all the realities
of a Dante's Inferno.
Life would never have had its problem had tho workers beon its thinkers,
and life will ceaBe to have its problems
when the workers use their brains.
COWICHAN FARMERS AND
THE LABOR QUESTION
On Saturday last the farmers of Cowichan district, V. I., met in serious conclave to discuss the formation of a Farmers' league or union, and also to discuss the Labor question. The forenoon
hour was spent on blessing the originators of the movement, abase of the local
merchants for keeping down produce
values, and in signing on the farmers at
a dollar a head. Those who went to
hear something practical in tho way of
ideas for the promotion of profitable
farming—well—got nothing for thoir
monoy. Of course it waa not to be wondered at either, for none of tbo leaders
aro practical farmers anyway. The afternoon session, however, brought out
the special features of the proposed
league.
B. M. Palmer, Cowicbau bay, a onetime ex-deputy minister of agriculture
in this province, the. gentleman who appeared before the recent Dominion commission ut Victoria on behalf of tho
benighted Chinese, was brought to tho
limelight and asked to expound his
views on labor. He confessed he was
an authority on tbe subject, it having
been one of his pet studies, and the
views he purposed placing before thc
audience would be the views he intended
pushing for, as a member of tbe committeo of the new league.
Admitting that his ideas were ut variance with those of the trades unions, ho
would Bhow tho reason why, and proceeded to take up tho platform of principles of the Victoria and district lubor
unions. Sarcasm and ridicule he supplied good and plenty, winding up with
an acknowledgment that if the new
movement forma a successful union it
will be absolutely necessary to mako a
dicker with the trades unions. Now all
this serious prologue hud for its momentous object one point only, that if profits are to bo made and increased, it can
only be done by employing Chinese
labor.
But John Chinaman today has something to sny, and with the backing of
his union he has told the farmer to pay
$1.75 for art 8-hour day or go t6 it. So
Mr. Palmer has to consider other means.
He admits it was tbe local government,
of which practically tbe farmers bave
beea supporters, which prevented white
lubor coming into the province, but witb
u strong organization behind them, tbey
could compel any and all. governments
to meet tbeir demands. These arc free
entry of all Chinese, indonture, maximum wugc, und uny other point if only
it will bring the Asiatic in in ship louds.
Farmer Holgesen of Metchosin, backed up Ex-deputy Palmer, relating the
parrot's story of low grade ore in South
Africa, and of the peaceful wuy in
which nfter accomplishing their mission,
the Chinamen were returned to the home
of their fathers. He did not say wbo paid
tbo expenses nor a good many other
things thereby attached. Their roBpcct
and lovo for "John" were most lucidly
set forth, but alas, many of theso same
farmers saw they bad been betrayed.
Tbeir dollar bad been taken undor false
pretences. Self respect, and the
knowledge that they were lowering their standard if they admitted
tbey could not succeed without the help
of Chinese caused u grout number to
quit the ball-
In thu meantime the promoters of the
new league packed the provisional committeo with the pro-Asiatic members,
who are intent on pushing their views.
Trades unionists can afford to smile nt
the effort, but regret that nny sune body
of supposedly British origin should havo
fallen bo fur in their own esteem as it
will be also in the opinion of tbe great
multitude of our race.
Tho powers of government cun only
be used by thc cupitulists for tho purpose of holding tbe workers in tho
chains of bondage nnd exploitation.
These powers can only be used by the
workers for the purpose of effecting the
emancipation of their class from that
bondage and exploitation. Between the
capitalist class und tho working class
thore is nothing to arbitrate, but thoro
is much to bo fought out. The control
of the powers of the state is the gage
of battle. With that control also goes
tbo control of industry and its fruits.
That is the goal for which the battle is
waged. The capitalist Huns now hold
it. The workors must gnin it if they
would be free. And thoro is as yet no
very pronounced enthusiasm among
thom over tho mutter of their freedom.
Their enthusiasm seems to explode in
the direction of perpetunting their slavery. They appear to be more inclined to
stick to the miseries that through long
experience they have become accustomed to, than to plunge recklessly into the
joys of which they know nothing, because they never had any. WiBe guyB,
these working people; very wise, Indeed.
SEVEN ARE HELD IN
OF
I
Their Crime That of Daring
to  Revolt Against
Their Masters
Gunmen Thugs and Drunken
Deputies Terrorize
the District
[By Harrison George]
Wo seldom consider the plights of
others unless plaoed, in fancy at least,
in their situations. Suppose, for instance, you chalk off a space in your
room seven feet square, lower the ceiling to eight feet, imagine three walls
and the ceiling are solid steel, the floor
of reinforced concrete, the fourth side
Bhut off from a gloomy corridor by
crossed bars of steel. That you were
under lock and key in this space day
and night with two or three others.
Thus girt round with metal you would,
among other things, be impressed with
the importance of steel in structural
work.
When you stretched out yonr narrow
canvas from wall to wall at night, and
sleep overcame you, no doubt but your
dream visions would reflect the hope of
your waking hours; the hope of release,
to walk and work again among your
fellows, to be free to labor, to laugh
aud to love.
Such is the situation this day and
hour, of seven men in the county jail at
Duluth, Minnesota; under-, indictment
for murder as a result of a recent striko
on the Mesaba range. The wife of one
iB also indicted, but out on bail. All
await trial December 5.
If you believed ns do these men, that
you were there because of your offorts
to improvo labor conditions by functioning in a great strike, guilty of no crime
but opposing organized capital in that
strike; you would doubtless like the
world of labor to heor your story.
Here then in brief, iB their story, as
substantiated by inveatigatora of the In-
duatrinl Eolations committee, and the
Minnesota Labor commission; revealed
by hundreds of affidavits and endorsed
by the State Federations of Labor of
both Michigan and Minnesota,
Tbe Mesaba range produces 65 per
cent, of the nation's output of iron. It
is controlled absolutely by the United
States Steel corporation, whose hostility
to labor ia infamous. In bygone yearB
it imported workers from all nations to
uid in keeping lubor divided. Since the
lost strike nine years ago, conditions
grew worse day by duy. Working per
diem or by contract, your pny grew
less and less; without you had a roll of
bills, a pretty daughter or u handsome
wife to turn over to the greed and lust
of foremen.
A climax camo. June 2 Inst, a striko
began at Aurora, spreading rapidly
acroBB the range. A mass of revolting
workers, speaking mnny tongues, downed tools in evory enmp, without organization or spokesmen. Someone among
tbem sent for Carlo Tresca (Italian),
Joe Schmidt (Slavic), and Sam .Scarlett
to speak nnd organize. These came and
worked night and day instructing thc
minors how to express themselves in a
compnet union body. Tbey offered tft
leave the state when the operators
would agree to confer with them; but
tho operators "had nothing to arbitrate. ''
Hundreds of gunmen of the usual type
were imported by the Steel Trust and
deputized. Over six hundred arrests
wore made on all sorts of pretexts. John
Allar, an unarmed striker, was killed;
shot in the back, near his humble home.
Many wore beaten nnd wounded, All
constitutional rights wero revoked.
On July 3, four drunken deputies
rushed into tbe homo of Phillip Masouo-
vich at Biwabik. One struck his wife,
knocking her down. Her husband nnd
three boarders, although unarmed,
sprang up to defend her. In the fight
that followed a deputy was killed; whut,
as evidence indicates, by another in tho
confusion. Besides the occupants of the
bouse, including tbe womnn nnd her
tiny baby; all organizers on tho
range wore gathered up, sent by special
train to Duluth nnd charged with murder.
Despito discouragements the strike
went on till lute September, when the
miners voted to resume work and devote
ull energy to the defense of their wrongly accused brothers.
Tbey have engaged Judge O. N. Hilton of Denver, Arthur LoSeur of Fort
Scott and John A. Keycs of Duluth to
head tho counsel for tho dofense. A
most momentous legal buttle will soon
begin, when theso clash with the vindictive power of tho Steel Trust.
And, as I write, in Joe Schmidt's
Pennsylvania home, a wasted baby form
lies in a little coffin; n bnbe thut never
knew it's father—ono of those men in
thc small steel cells ut Duluth; where
the chill winds from Luke Superior
whistle nrohnd the prison, tbo ubodo nl-
ways provided by capital for a rebellious worker.
WHY DUMDUM BULLETS
A workingman, a littlo dum, mude for
his boss a little gun,
A cartridge und a bullet, with point
filed off to dull it.
Another worker just ns dum mado for
another boss a gun,
A enrtridgo nnd a bullet, with point
filed off to dull it.
Ono  dny the  two  dum  workers  mot,
aimed at ouch other's wooden hend,
And each one sont a bullet with point
filed off to dull it.
Two bullets fled and said dum-dum; two
bullets hit two bonds, dumdum,
Two   dummieit   tumbled   over   stone
dead,  nnd   never know what the
bullets said.
—Oscar Ameringor.
Carhartts' All-union,
Editor B. C. Fedorntinnist: Regarding
a paragraph by J. E. G., (Street Rail-
wnymcti) in your issue of Sept. 8, I
would huvo yon correct nny misapprehension ns to its bono fides nncnt loy-
nlty to the union. Tbe factory is strictly union, operated by union employeea
und conforms with every detnil in matters union,
ONE OF THE OPERATORS.
Tho whinors who do tho most grouch
ing In the trade union movement are
generally the ones who do the least to
holp it nlong, with either timo or dues.
david sfbnobb, ltd.
DAVID
Spencer's is Headquarters
Stanfield's Underwear
for Men
We Buy in Quantities that Command the Lowest
Price—No Store Can Undersell Us
STANFIELD'S HEAVT RIBBED UNDERWEAR; unshrinkable natural
wool; sises 34 to 44.   A garment  . .91.85
STANFIELD'S "RED LABEL"; heavy cream wool underwear; sizes
34 to 44.   Price  fl.7S
STANFIELD'S "BLUE LABEL"; heavy cream wool, ribbed, sixes 34
to 44.  A garment _  ..-.™«............$2.00
STANFIELD'S "BLACK LABEL"; heavy cream wool; sites 34 to 44.
A garment  . $2.25
STANHELD'S FINE ELASTIC RIBBED UNDERWEAR; natural wool,
in three weights at( garment. $1.26, $1.W and 58.00
STANHELD'S CREAM SILK AND WOOL UNDEBWEAB; magnifi-
^^^^^^^^^^^  ,    agnif
cent.   A garment «  « .98.8
COMBINATIONS in all the above lines are available at twice tha priet
of single garments.
NOTE.—All Stanfield 's garments are guaranteed unshrinkable.
David Spencer limited
DAVID SPENCEB, LID.
DAVID SPENCEB, LID.
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
Offloa: 905 Twenty-fourth Arena* Eut.  Trt. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
A little money
invested in your teeth will return you most liberal dividends in the form of health, happiness, mouth comfort, a
better appearance. A missing tooth is both unsightly and
dangerous. There is always the probability that the decay
will spread.
A* missing tooth makes more work for the others.   And
they break down under the task of this added work.
My    permanent --       _ .      -
crowns   nad   brill- 111.    Kl-ptt   AtlflPrSAII
gee rectify oil the ut* t»mi  AUUVrSUU     aM   g,^   3m,
uttle   ilia   caused      Crown and Bridge Specialist     or 8en"j a cara f or
by the deficiencies
in your mouth; H
per tooth.
602 HASTINGS STREET
Cor. S.ynour
an appointment.
"Tha Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Sale at all Liquor Storei ln
VANCOUVEB AND VIOTOBIA
Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10
The Days Are
Getting Shorter
and your office staff and workmen will require light longer
Ensure safety to them and a better quality
of product by using
Tungsten Lamps of
Nitrogen-filled Tungstens
the most modern types of illuminants.
NOTE the DISCOUNTS
TUNGSTEN LAMPS
10 per cent, on lots of 50 or less than 100 nil one
size.
15 per cent, on onc unbroken standard package.
20 per cent, on lots of five unbroken standard
packages.
NITROGEN-FILLED LAMPS
10 per cent, on half case lots; one size.
20 per cent, in standard package quantities.
25 per cent, on lots of three standard packages.
6£6&&cafau
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
Phone Seymour
6000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
..November 10, 1916
WHITE STAR-DOMINION LINE
Portland, Me.*—Halifax—Liverpool
CHRISTMAS SAILINGS
Twin screw S.S. "Southland," 12,000 tone, from Portland, December 2;
Halifax, December 3.
Twin screw S.S. "Canada," 10,000 tons, from Portland, December 16;
Halifax, December 17.
ONLY ONE OLASS CABIN AT $55.00 AND UP;
AND THIED OLASS AT 133.75, CARRIED
At Portland, trains run alongside steamship dock; baggage checked
through to steamer in bond; no trouble with customs. Passengers may
embark previous evening.
For further information, apply to Company's office, 619 Second Ave.,
Seattle, A. E. Disney, Agent; or local rail and steamship agents.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
LIMITED
(MCNEILL, WELCH tt WILSON, LIMITED)
Cartage Agents—Furniture, Piano and Safe
Removers-
Baggage, Express and Motor Truck Service
80 Pender East Phones, Day and Night, Sey. 604-i
Rood ior one year'e tobaeriptlon to Tke tt.
J. Federationist   wIIIJm mailed to any »d-
10 SUB. CARDS ^y.",»>i,ii *»*»•_ ."^r»»*»«
outiide of Vancouver eity,)    Order tan to*
dsy.   Remit rtoa sold.
FREE HOMESTEADS
BRITISH C6LUMBIA
Along line of P. O. B. Bailway open parke like lands.   Tho finest mixed
farming lands in the province,
Oood water, best of hunting and Ashing.   The settlers who have gone
in there are all boosters, aa they aro making good. '""*
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
PACIFIC OREAT EASTERN BAILWAY
Wilton Block, Vancouver
PURE FOOD
There is nothing in thc nature of compound in the
Famous "Squirrel" Brand
Peanut Butter
which is an absolutely pure food, both nourishing and delicious.
Made up to a standard and sold at thc standard price of 26c per
1-fo., in bulk and in 1-lb. tins.
IT'S HADE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
We recommend that readers of The Federationist try a pound
tin,
Seymour 1115 1385 PENDBR STBEET WEST
WM. RENNIE & CO.
NEW STORE
872 Granville Street
Wm. Rennie Co. of Toronto have opened a new store at 872
Granville Street with a full line of seeds, bulbs, poultry supplies and garden tools.
e ran
Union Men
■awecifiwiiiaiiiwML'jiWMiawiciLSw^r-iiiMrTi^r^L
The B. C. Fedorationist is your paper, owned and
controlled by you, and published in your interest.
The merchants who advertise in this paper indicate a
desire for your patronage. Thoso who do not adver-
tise in these columns apparently care nothing for
you or your patronage, therefore
Your Duty is Plain
Patronize those who patronize you. The merchants
who advertise in this paper are patronizing you. Return the compliment. In this way you can make The
B. C. Federationist the best advertising medium in
the province.
______m__m___mw_____m___
Demand the
Union Label
Tell tbem you law their ad. in The Federationist
AS WORLD'S GREAT
PACIFIST SAW
A Brutal Struggle for Big
Profits and Some Silly
Ornaments
Wine, Women and Songs
Smothers Despair in the
Souls of Men
PERHAPS NO other philosopher living or dead, was so completely possessed ol humanitarian ideals as Loo
Tolstoi, the Russian count, who not only
preached the doctrine of universal broth'
erhood, but lived a life fully in hurmouy
with these ideals.
Read what this, the world *s most pronounced pacifist had to say about war
and those responsible for human slaughter:
'' The bells will peal, long-haired men
will dress in golden sacks to pray for
successful slaughter. And the old story
will begin again, the awful customary
acts.
'' The editor of the daily press will begin virulently to stir men to hatred and
manslaughter in the name of patriotism,
happy in the receipt of increased income. Manufacturers, merchants, contractors for military stores will hurry
joyously about their business, in the
hope of double receipts.
"All sorts of government officials will
buzz about, foreseeing a possibility of
purloining something more than usual
The military authorities will hurry hither and thither, drawing double pay and
rations, and with tbe expectation of receiving for the slaughter of other men
various silly little ornaments which they
so highly prize, as ribbons, crosses, or'
ders and stars. Idle ladies and gentle'
men will make a great fuss, entering
their names in advance for tbe Red
Cross society, and ready to bind up the
wounds of those whom their husbands
and brothers will mutilate; and they
will imagine that in so doing they are
performing a most Christian work.
"And, smothering despuir within
their souls by songs, licentiousness and
wine, men will trail along, torn from
peaceful labor, from their wives, mothers and children—hundreds of thousands
of simple-minded, good-natured men
with murderous weapons in their hands
—anywhere they may be driven.
"They will march, freeze, hunger, suffer sickness and dio from it, or finally
come to some place where they will be
slain by thousands to kill thousands of
themselves with no reason—men whom
they have never done or could do thom
any mischief.
"And when the number of sick and
wounded and killed becomes so great
that there are not hands enough left to
pick them np, and when the air is bo infected with putrefying scent of the
'food for powder' that even the authorities find it disagreeable, a truce will be
made, the wounded will be picked up
anyhow, the sick will be brought in and
huddled together in heaps, the killed
will be covered with earth nnd lime, and
once more all the crowd of deluded men
will bleed on nnd on till those who have
devised the project, weary of it, or still
those who fought to flnd it profitable
receive their spoil.
"And so once more men will be made
savage, fierce and brutal, and love will
wnne iu the world, and the Christianizing of mankind, which hns already begun, will lapse for scores and hundreds
of yenrs. And so once more the men
who reaped proflt from it nil, will assert
with assurance that since there has been
a war there must noeds have been one,
and that other wars must follow, and
they will again prepare fiiture genera
tions for a continuance of slaughter, de
ceiving them from their births."
m LETTERS TO
f THEFED
The Work That Counts;
Editor B. 0. Federationist: Please
find enclosed $10 covering cost of
pamphlets, expressed me last week, en
titled "Tho Genesis and Evolution of
Slnvery." It is truly tho best pumph
let that bas yet found its wny to my
hand, and in my opinion you cannot
push this work too strongly. It is so
clear-cut and logical; in fnct overy pi
proves tho contention of the writer, _.
T. Kingsley. The conclusion must bo
drawn that if a condition of slnvery ever
did exist upon this earth, it is still with
us today, manifesting itsolf in tho cruel*
est form, as against all other forms that
have preceded the wage system of today.
I have only been around town two even-
ings with the pnmphlots, and have sold
100 to dato, and expect no difficulty in
disposing of tho remainder of the order,
and will bo ordering more at u Inter
date, as I expect to try and cover about
a thousand square miles of this country
with them. I am also trying to work
up a universal subscription from every
trade unionist, or non-unionist in this
country for Tho Federationist. Whether
I will wholly sjcceod or not remains to
be seen, but whatever is accomplished
through such offort will work a twofold
purpose, that is to finance the pnper and
educate the worker. My idea is to hnve
every local up hero subscribe from its
general funds for subscriptions for the
entire membership. Wo nre now drafting bylaws for the administration of the
affairs of tho Fish Packers' union, of
which I am a member, and wo nro mnking such a provision by a special clause
I hopo other unions throughout tho provinco will fall in lino. While loyalty is
on the end of ovory tongue nt tho present time, let us take advantage of saeh
proclamations and put it into dollars
and cents for our own onlightonment,
by supporting our own paper, Tho Foderntionist. I was vory sorry to see that
John Mclnnis of Fort Goorgo wns do*
footed by only nino votes in favor of
Ross. Still wo cnn tako consolation
from tho support givon Jack by the
working clnss of thnt district. It suro
bids fair to an awakening of the wagb*
worker of tbo presont day. With best
wishes, I nm yours for enlightenment,
GEO. B. CASEY.
Princo Rupert, B. C, Nov. 1  1916.
Handsome
Just In
T F you are looking for a
* coat with lots of style
and onc that will serve
for street, motor or tourist wear, you will appreciate the new models just
now placed in stock. These
come in rich broadcloths,
velours and Bolivia cloths
in flare style, trimmed
with seal or rich plush.
Some have the new adjustable cape collars and all
Colors include navy,
green, black, Burgundy,
thc models arc silk lined.
African brown, etc. Sizes
16 to 46, at $35 to $85.
MASTERS BUI
1 NOT
But Labor Is Slowly But
Surely Awakening to
Its Interests
Class Conscious the Toilers
Will Become Masters
of the Earth
575 Granville 9hone Sey. 3540
[Eugene V. Debs]
Tho workor shoald be the master of
the world.
Instead of this it is the exploiter of
the workor who rules iu every land on
earth.
And thuB it has been through all the
centuries since the race began its struggle up the heights and turned its face
toward the light.
And now at last this struggle is coming to fruition and the future is snap
ing for the worker's emancipation.
Today the working class is in evidence, not only in the pits and mills,
but in the forum, the legislative hall,
and even the "executive mansion."
Slowly, but surely, tho working class
is coming in possession of itself, developing its mind as well as its muscle, and
learning how to think for itself as well
as to produce wealth for its master.
The Labor movemont is the grandest
movement in history.
It signifies tbe awakening of the race
and symbolizes the hope of humanity.
All that is esBeutinl in our materiel life
(and nil that is vital and fundamental in
religion are embraced in the emancipating programme of the Labor movement.
For ages, Labor's fate was to suffer
in silence from oppression aud injustice
and now, at last, Labor is preparing to
enjoy the fruit of the new dispensation.
Labor, class-conscious, is the mightiest power in the world.
Nothing, absolutely nothing, can withstand it.
Labor is the raw material of overy
h.nnnu institution, the motive power of
nil progress, the framework of all civilization.
Without labor, collapse would bo instantaneous and irretrievable chaos
would encumber the face of the earth.
Lnbor is thc infinite creator and it is
now engaged in creating a new world, a
world of freedom, n world of duty and a
world of joy for nil the children of men.
How Machinery Renders the
Task of Wage Workers
Heavier
The Conscience of Middle
Class Awakens and
Shortens Hours
John I*. White, president of the
Unitod Mine Workers, has given tbe
country something to think about in his
pronouncement ia fuvor of the seven-
hour day, says Life und Labor. The
social and economic welfuro of tho miners, together with the increased use of
mining machinery, mukes this demand
necessury, according to Mr. White.
Tho seven-hour day will inuvitably
bring to the foreground the eutire phiL-
osophy of the shorter working period.
Fundamentally, it ought to be based on
the machinery argument. For mechanical inventions are always heralded as
labor-saving devices. The phraBo is
false.
Machinery renders heavier thc labor
of men, women und children. The workmnn today hns to increnBO his pace to
keep abreast of the speed of machines,
He does more work, expends moro energy thnn did his grent-grnndfnthor. Unregulated mnehinery has done little to
lighten the burden of lnbor.
Organization nnd the nwnkening of
the middle clnss conscience, on the othor
hnnd, have limited the hours of work.
The power of unions and the scietitifle
knowledge of tho consequences of fatigue have dono what machinery would
liver do. Effective unionizntion hns
been the greatest of Inbor-snving devices. Tho seven-hour demand is an indication of the futuro. It is a foreenst
of labor's future demand to shnre directly in the human advantages piled up
by mechanical invention.
Mr. White's frnnk declaration is going to occasion a deal of frightened
comment. The crop of speeches and articles which "view with alarm" will
make ontortnining rending. The men
who produce theBe stnrtled sentiments
will never think of tho tired business
mnn who gets to bis offlce at ten or
eleven nnd who quits at four, or before.
For such as they, mnchinery is a Inbor-
snving device. Tho miners want to pass
thnt prosperity around.
STREET RAILWAY
EMPLOYEES' UNION
Official Correspondent Reviews Social
and Other Activities of Interest
to the Membership.
This week uround the Street Hnihvuy*
men's headquarters is more or loss ox*
citing on nccount of the signing for new
runs nnd no doubt this will menu a slim
attendance nt the union meeting, although important business is to bo
trnnsneted.
Tho striking enrmen in and around
Now York arc in need of ussistonce,
and no doubt Pioneer division will make
nnother donation to aid our brothers
bnck enst.
Conductor J. A. Wood hns returned to
work, he having received his dischnrgo
from thc llllith University battalion on
account of u minor physical defect.
The Trndes and I.nbor council has
mado it move in the right direction, in
passing the resolution to submit certnin
questions to tho prospective aldermen nt
the coming election. The attitude of
thc candidates on these subjects will on-
able thc wago workers to use their votes
to the best advantnge.        /
The "bnck to the land" iden hns a
grent supporter in Bro. Bunting, a locnl
celebrity of the North Shore, who has
.iust returned from a trip to his country
homo. Aubrey bolievcs in going into
the business whole-heartedly. On his
rnnch in the Cariboo Is n creek which
Bro,t Bunting proposes to mnko use of.
His iden is to instill nn electric generating plant, and supply tho smaller fry on
tho surrounding rnnchos with juice. Bro.
Bunting will return to the interior next
spring with sovornl thousand dollars
worth of cattle and implements, and
start operations, He wns accompanied
on his trip hy Bro. ,T. H. Bonshow, who,
through lack of enthusiasm, returned to
civilization nfter being away twelve
dnys.
All the hoys on tho North Shore were
scon smoking good union-made cignrs
Inst wook. They were handed round by
Bro. P. Clark, to celehrnto his ombark
Inp upon thc sea of matrimony. We
in wishing Mrs. nnd Bro. Clnrk a
THE NIGHT COURT
In a recent issue of the Century Magazine, says Organized Labor, there appeared the following poem by Ruth Mitchell, entitled '' The Night Court,''
which has been described by a discerning critic as "tremendously forceful,"
and aB showing "insight into the interrelations of things and expressing these
concrete instance that gives the
poem vividnesB and directness," The
critic adds: "Rose Costara is a living
flgure and is not unlikely to take her
place in permanent literature."
Ruth Comfort Mitchell, now Mrs. Sanborn Young, is a former San Francisco
girl. She is the daughter of John S.
Mitchell, owner of the Hollenbeck hotel
in Los Angeles. Her first literary work
to command attention consisted of .plays
and vaudeville sketches, Mnny of her
sketches have been presented on the Orpheum circuit. She is tho author of
"The Modern Girl," a threo-nct play,
which hnd a successful run in Chicago
last year.
'Cull  Robo  Costara!"    Insolent,  sho
comes.
The   watchers,   practised,   keen,   turn
down their thumbs,
The wnlk, the talk, tho face—that seu-
sholl tint-
It is old stuff; they read her like coarse
print,
Here is no hapless innocence waylaid.
This is a stolid worker at her trade.
Listening, she yawns; half smiling, undismayed,
Shrugging a little at the law's delay,
Bored and impatient to be on her way.
It is her eighth conviction.   Out beyond
the ran
A lady novelist in search of types turns
pale.
She meant to write of tbem just ns she
found them,
And with with no tears or maudlin glamor round them,
In forceful,   virile   words,   hard, true
words, without shame,
Calling an ugly thing, boldly, an ugly
name;
Sympathy, velvet glove on purposo iron
hand.
But eighth conviction! All the phrases
sho had planned
Fail;  "sullen,"  "vengeful," no,  Bhe
isn't that.
No, the pink face beneath the hectic hat
Gives back her own nghnst and sickened
stars
With a detached and rnther cheerful air,
And then the little novelist sees red.
From her chaste heart all clemency Is
fled.
"Oh, loathsome! venomous!  Off with
her head!
Call Rose Costara!"   But before you
atop,
And shelve your decent rage,
Let's call the cop.
Let's call the plainclothes cop   who
brought her in.
The woary-oyed night watchmnn of tho
law,
A shuffling person with a hanging jaw,
Loose-lipped and sallow, rather vague of
chin,
Comes rubber-heeling at his honor's rnp.
He set and baited and then sprung the
trnp—
The trap—by hiB nnBnvory report.
Let's nsk him why—but flrst   ,
Let's call the court.
Not only the grim figure in the chair,
Spliinx-liku above the waste nnd wreckage there,
Skepticnl, weary of n retold tale,
But tho wholo humming hive, the false,
the frail—
An old young womnn with a wensel face,
Two ferret lawyers nosing out a case,
A lying witness waiting in hifl place,
Reporters questioning a Mexican,
Sobbing her silly heart out for her man.
Planning to fenturo her, "lone, desper-
nte, pretty,"-—
Yes, call tho court.   But wait!
Let's call tho city.
Call the community! Call np, call down,
Cnll nil the speeding, mad, unheeding
town!
Call rags nnd tags and then cnll velvot
gown!
Go, summon them from tenements nnd
clubs,
On office floors nnd over stenming tubs!
Shout  to   the  boxes  and   behind   the
scenes,
Then to the push-cart and the Hmous-
ines!
Arouse the lecture-room, the cabaret!
Confound   thom   with  a  trumpet-blnBt
and say,
"Arc yo« so dull, so denf and blind indeed,
That you mistake the hnrveat for the
seedf"
Condemn themfor—but stay]]
Let's call tho code—
That facile thing they've fashioned to
their mode;
Smug sophistries that smother and be
fool,
That numb nnd stupefy; thnt clumsy
thing
Thnt menfiiirpfl mountains with a three-
foot rale,
And plumbs tho ocenn with n puddinn
string— *
The little, brittle rode.    Here is the
root,
Fnr out of sight, nnd buried snfe and
deep,
And Rose CoBtnrn is the bitter fruit.
,10111
'"^Sttvertlsor New West* 0" ™* W™ '^'^ ™*n,
minster correspondent yesterdny morn* s0 i„.iTC„V„M., „„,,„„„ ,
!», J»»*   Walsh'Infornied   the Rub'tinTacl^n^rfiffitn
T.onk hack and out nnd np and in, nnd
then
When you tnko a notion thnt you
would liko something different in the
eating lino, try Tho Delmonico, just off
Granville on Bobson street. It iB nil-
union nnd well worth whilo. ■*.*•
THE NEW
Broadway Theatre
Corner Main and Broadway
The Suburban House eBantlful
When tho wholo fnmily goes.
Coming; "THE SPOILEBB"
Monday, Tuesday and Wesnesday
 Wot 13, 14 ud 16
Trades nnd T.ubor council last evening
thnt the Typographical union hnd
pledged its members not to uso nny
means of transportation not operated
by union mon, having in view the light
being put up by the Street Enilwny-
mon 'a union ngninst the unorganized jitney drivers. Incidentally, he said he
hoped tho street railwaymen would reciprocate by including the B. 0. B. B. to
niit the union lnbol on its publication
The Buznor.
An ex-member, Duncan Murray, who
quit to go gold digging in the Yukon,
hns returnod to North Vancouver nnd
joined thc 231st battalion for overseas.
  J. E. 0.
Tho doughty Sheriff McBne of Everett, Wash., who has boen so valiantly
leading the other tools of the Commercial club in their nttnek upon ond brutalities ugninBt tho striking shinglo
weavers and their follow workerB, was
at ono timo stato socretary of tho Shinglo Weovors' union, nlso elected to the
im.°" of *'""'i<'f "8 " L"'Mr '-'•••■•-dote.
Which lends to the conclusion onco moro
that thc only really vile, contemptible
nnd dangerous enemies of the working
clnss nro to bo found within its own
ranks. At least thore is where nil of
tho vilo recruits that rulers rely upon
to perpetrate thoir infamies nnd do their
dirty work, como from.
Quality Supreme
Sou-Van Mi.k
Fair. 2624
Union Delivery
Blot out
Write thnt It is nn job for pruning*
shenrs. "
Tell them to dig for yenrs nnd years nnd
years
The twined nnd twisted roots.
the page;
Invert the blundering order of the age*
Beverse the system, storting with the
worst—
The Ivlng, dying code!   On, down the
line,   -
The city, and the court, the cop. Assign
Tho guilt, the Wnmc, tho shnme!   Sting,
Insh and spur!
Call each ond all!   Cnll ub!   And thon
cnll her!
The I. T. IT. is the second lnrgest per
cnnitn tnx paying organization affiliated
with the Trados and Labor Congress of
Canada. It nald to Congross, during tho
past year, SfiOO.86, tho Machinists being
flrst with tmnrn.
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
104» GEORGIA STRUT
One Block west of Court Houn
U» of Modern Chapel  and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymour 8436
Purity
The chief essential in coffee
is purity—uniformity — real
coffee. That's just why NABOB COFFEE has so rapidly
ascended to the position of
SUPREMACY.
NABOB COFFEE is the
same today, tomorrow and
next year as it was yesterday
—the BEST it is possible'to
secure.
NABOB COFFEE is from
the world's greatest coffee
plantations and you are assured of absolute purity in
every tin bearing the Nabob
trade-mark.
Ask your grocer
TODAY
PBINTEBS, PUBLISHEBS
AND BOOKBINDEBS
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0.
PANTAGES
UnNaalM TaudttUU Knu
IAKTAOES VAUDEVILLE
THBEB SHOWS DAILT
6:46, 7:10. ■:»    Smui's Prices:
16c:   Ettnlnp.  lte, ste.
VANCOUVER
PICKLE CO.
ASK POE
B.C. HOME BRAND
PICKLES,
KETCHUP, SAUCE
Phone High. SI
Factor; 801 Powell
LECKIE
When You Think
of Buying Shoes
—yonr flrat thought should be, "Arc
ther made ia B. 0. t
That'a "Loyalty"—tho flnt step in
the purchase of anything.
Thli leads you naturally tnd loyally
to—LEOKIE SHOES.
—made here In your own Prorlnot.
The Honae of Leckie meeta you more-
than halfway—lt haa built lta footwear
on honor—haa atamped the Arm
name upon every pair.
Leckie Shoes
will meet your loyalty—on oyery count.
They are particularly suitable for British Columbia weather condltlona—
rain or shine—for the smooth pave'
menta of a oity or the Tugged underfoot condition! of the great outdoors.
Next time aak for
Leckie Shoes
You'll know them by the trademark—
stamped on every pair.
LECKIE
Miners and
Prospectors
who have coppor properties worth
while, can he placed In touch with
actual buyers if they will send
full particulars to DRAWEE 4,
0|o B. 0. rEDEBATIONIST,
Labor Temple, Vanoouver, B. 0.

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