BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Aug 25, 1916

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345153.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345153-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345153-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345153-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345153-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345153-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345153-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array ■■    '*.''     ""
...i. J   i .;.. ,W^sm—sssjtfsmsa
(In Vancouver\
Olty 12.00 /
$1.60 PER YEAR
Vital  Questions   Affecting
Letter Carriers' Association Discussed
President Hoop Re-elected
and Other Officers of F.
A. of L. C. Chosen
THE SIXTEENTH biennial convontion of tlio F. A. of L. C. mot in
Vancouver on Aug. 17. Delegates from
all cities wero present, nnd to the credit
of tho representatives, not one session
wns missed by any of the delegates.
Want 25c Wage Increase.
There wero some fifty questions discussed, nnd somo of tho resolutions
called forth drastic reasoning and discussion, Tho necessity for an increnso
of pay wns strongly urged. While the
government iB rendering great assist'
ance to the Mothor Country in the present wnr, it wns genernlly felt that the
increase in the cost of living had so materially affected the mail carriers that
the demand for an increase of 25 cents
per day was fully justified.
Bights' of Substitutes.
Another burning question nmong the
men wns tho fnct thnt out of the totnl
membership, some 30 per cent, wero noting as substitutes for men at the front;
It was considered n great injustice to
penalize tho men to tho extent of keop-
ing thom on tho lowest grade nt a wage
of $2 per day, and withholding from
thom the right of tho regular enrrior,
which gives him an increase annually
of 25 cents por dny.
A telegram was despatched to the
poBtmnstcr-gcncrnl requesting tho government to grant those men the right of
a regular carrier, after it had been
pointed out that laborers of all nationalities working in Canada were getting
$2.50 to *3 per day.
As to Uniforms.
Again tho question of clothing the
carriers was discussod. The doubt exiBts
in the mind of tho carrier thnt the fit
and quality of the uniforms nro much
inferior to tho mon ncross the lino. Tho
letter carriers ncross tho lino, through
their organization, havo prevailed upon
tho governmont to admit of thoir 'uniforms being made, subject to tho requirements of their own organization,
which meets thc wishes nnd neod of
govornment supervision. Tho allowance
is included in their salary, and the result is a much improved uniform. Tho
Canadian carriers think the govornment
• pp**' *\ profit by changing the old system
fti, -adopting the improved methods of
ft and quality obtained through tho let-
or carriers of the United States, whose
membership is .'15,000, nnd manufacturers throughout the country cater to the
special needs of the National association. The qunlity of thc boots is fast
deteriorating, nnd tlio $5 nllowed for
boots ought to bo raised to $7, owing to
the prico of Icnthor having gone up; the
$5 boots now is but tho $3 boots of
throe yoars ngo.
Democracy to Prevail.
One striking fenturo of constitutional
amendments was that the principlo of
the referendum was carried, tho Banfo to
be the guiding factor in nil tho affairs
of tho organization.
McVety Endorsed Ab Commissioner,
)      By n standing unanimous voto of tho
delegates, the secretary was instructed
to forward tho following letter to Premier Bowsor:
"Vnncouver, B. C, Aug. 19, 1916.
Hon. W. J. Bowser, K. C, premier, Victoria, B. C.
Sir: I havo the honor, by direction of
tho convention of the Pedernted Association of Letter Carriers of the Dominion, assembled at the above placo and
date, to stato that the matter of cor-
tain progressive legislation, namely, tho
Workmen's Compensation Act, recently
pnssed by the legislature of this provinco, hns been drawn to tho attention of
this assembly, nlso that organized Labor
through tho Trades and Lnbor Congress
of Canada and othor workmen's usso-
eiutinns have recommended Mr. J. H,
MoVety of Vancouver to your government for appointment on the bonrd to
administer the said net, and I nm instructed to add tho unanimous endorsation of this eonvention to tho recommendations nlrendy mnde in favor of
tho appointment of Mr. McVety to tho
position referred to as n person possessing in nn eminent degreo nil tho qunli-
float! ons for suoh nti important position.
I hnve the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
Royally Entertained.
Groat credit is duo to.tho Vnncouvor
brnnch of the letter carriers. Tho delegates left feeling that they had been
highly entertained, and that if God's
country was to bo found anywhere, it
was in Vnncouver.
Visited Victoria and Seattle.
Tho delegntcs journeyed to Victoria,
whero they wero also wined nnd dined,
largely duo to tho entertaining proclivities of Bros. Bird and Sivortz. Thence
to Senttlo, thoy went on invitation of
branch 70 of the N. A, of L. C, of the
United States.
Tho feeling was so mnnifest thnt their
interests woro in common thnt all imng-
innry lines disnppenred, and a bnnquet
entailing some $250 was put up for tho
visitors from tho Canadian side. President E. J. Gniner wns tetegrnphed for,
nnd journeyed from Muncie, Indiana, to
extend tho hand of frnternnl greeting,
and "Gamin is n Btrong man,'' nnd he
nnd tho Cnnndinn presidont spoke
frankly on the nims nnd nspirntions of
the carrier, nnd U is tho intention of
the N. A. L. C. nf tho United States to
extend to tho Canndian P. A. L. C. an
invitation to tho next convention, which
is to be held in Dallns, Texas. At Inst,
in spirit tho two organizations hnvo
/joined, nnd mutual improvement will
The bnnquet was n huge iiuccobs, the
Tendency of Wages to Rise As Labor Market Becomes
Cleared of Surplus Stock—Coal Wagon Drivers Demand More Pay—Government Removes All Restrictions to Free Importation of Alien
Slaves—Thousands of Chinese Workmen Prepare to Organize
AS A RESULT of the terrible ravages of the deadly Black Plague
in Europe during the 15th and 16th centuries, the labor market
became so depleted of its human stock that wages rose to a phenomenal figure. During the years following that deadly scourge the
wages of skilled workers reached the point where thc earnings of one
day was sufficient to maintain a workman and his family for three
days. In spite of all efforts of the ruling class to avoid the payment
of such high wages, these conditions prevailed for a century and a
half, and high wages were not broken and started upon the down
grade, until the slave market had again become well supplied with
its human wares. From that time on wages went down, in spite of all
efforts of the workers to prevent it, until the normal and proper level
of thc line of bare subsistence was reached. The average wage has
drifted along in close proximity to that line ever since, down to the
breaking out of .this twentieth-century Black Plague that is once more
devastating Europe. So completely has thc labor market been cleared of its surplus stock and so heavy have been the drafts made upon
its really necessary supply, in order to furnish men for thc bloody pestilence, that the price of labor power (wages) is showing a threatening and dangerous tendency to rise. This tendency is becoming perceptibly noticeable even here in British Columbia, and is causing more
or less heartburnings amongst those philanthropic ones whose whole-
souled mission in lifo is to save the lives of others by purchasing their
labor power and loaning them a job to tickle themselves with while
they unload it.
f A meeting is to bo bold in this city at
un early date, for the purpose of launching the organization. Delegates from
somo of the unions of the city will attend the meeting for the purpose of
aiding in tho good work. Mr. Lee snys
thnt the Chinese bosses are by np means
ir. sympathy with him in his effortB to
arouse the Chinese workers to the necessity of taking steps to protect their own
interests. That the white employers of
Chinese lnbor will also feel deeply aggrieved over sueh conduct' upon the
part of slaves whose chief recommend
hns been their meekness and docility,
may be readily imagined. The sooner
some sort of orgnnization is effected
among tho Chinese workers that will
admit of mutual notion and mutual
dcrstnnding between them and tho
white workers, the sooner will it' be
possible to cope with those schemes of
the employers that are now so successfully worked by playing the one ngninBt
tho other.
The Bars Taken Down.
If the European holocaust continues
long enough, the conditions of tlio lnbor
market will become as favornble to thc
scllors of labor powor as they were four
centuries ago. That the war promises
to continue for somo timo yet, and its
demands for forcing Btill further heavy
drafts of human material is increasing, it is not beyond possibility that wages should reach
figures ns yet undreamed of. There
is every prospect thnt this provinco is to be drained of all itB able-
bodied men of military age, nnd tho employers forced to depond almost entirely upon nlion labor. No wails of distress muy be expected to issue from the
throats of those employers, however, if
such alien labor can bo obtained cheup
onough. Thnt measures havo already
boen taken to provide for the necessities of tbo labor-skinning fraternity of
the provinco, is shown by n news item
in tho World, of August 23, which announces the arrival in thiB city of a
shipment of labor goods, consisting of
"ilfty-five mechanics nnd laborers gathered from Seattle and other Washington cities." This importation was on
behalf of the Ocean Falls Pulp and
Paper Co., nnd was shipped north by
tho first boat. The brokers and shippers who handled the consignment experienced no difficulty in so doing, ns
the government at Ottawa hnd kindly
now be freely bought and imported
without violating any Alien Lnbor Act.
removed nil restrictions against tlie-importation of alien labor into tho provinco. That sort of merchandise may
They Are Eating Now.
Whilo tho conditions of labor mny in
time become reasonably tolerable, if the
wnr continues long enough, it is hardly
within reason to expect those conditions
to reach tho grntifying level onjoyed by
the millions of mott who nre now woar-
ing Ihe British military uniform, thnt is
ns far ns eating is concerned, nt least.
Wo reach these conclusions upon the
word of no less an authority thnn Capt.
B. G. Pretty mnn, parliamentary secretary to the board of trade. Sneaking in
tho British House of Commons on Aug.
211, he explained thut the high price of
food hi Groat Britain is lnrfely duo to
tho scarcity resulting from the increased gastronomic opportunities opened up
to tho millions who had enlisted for
servico in the war. He snid that "these
men now eat. half ns much ngnin as they
did in Civilian life." In view of this,
it seems that the nmount of food it is
possiblo for the British workingman to
obtain in times of penco is but two-
thirds of tho amount necessary to keep
him in good physical condition. He has
to go to war in order to get enough to
ent. Capt, Prcttymnn is tho authority
for this, nnd not The Foderntionist. The
more we lenrn from those in authority,
nnd who nre undoubtedly well qualified
to speak, tho more wo are in need of
enlightenment ns to what thoso liberties
really are for which the Britisher is so
valiantly fighting upon the field of
Mars. Are wc to assume thot he is
bleeding nnd dying gloriously, in order
to preserve for himself and his kind,
the proud privilege of living in penco
nnd security upon two-thirds rations?
Woll, according to Capt. Prcttymnn's
explanation of matters, it certainly does
look like it. And if it is not truo, why
should the captain insist upon lending
us to thnt conclusion?
Responding to the Afflatus.
It has been said that "in tho Bpring
a young man's fancy lightly turns to
thoughts of love." This may bo due
solely to biological reasons that could
bo safely left for sages nnd sciontiats to
explain. Or it may bo that the young
man merely experiences or responds to
afflatus, which the dictionary sharps define as "a supernatural elevation of the
soul accompanying a divine rovelation."
Bo that as it may, however, it is also a
fact that in times of labor shortage,
that Ib when the supply of labor power
offered for sale in the market is leBB
than tho nmount requisite to supply tho
demand for it, even the common laborer
is liable to feel thc impulso nnd respond
to tho economic nfflntus, by attuning
hia soul to the divine inBpirntion for
higher wnges. Thc coal wagon drivers
of this city, though unorganized, felt
the thrust of the impulse this week and
responded to the divine afflatus by demanding an increase. While some of
the bosses nro inclined to remain true
to tho traditions of their tribe by refusing to grant the demnnds of tho
mon, it looks as though tho condition of
tho labor market would compel them to
give in. It Ib but fair to the employers
to admit that it is presumptious in tho
extreme for mere working mon who
hold down such sinecures ns the light-
somo tnsk of simply juggling insignifl-
•emit 100-lb. sacks of conl up a few
flight's of stairs to nsk for an advance
in wages, when it is generally acknowledged that tho bosses do all of the
brain work.
The "Chink" Feels It Too.
Out of the conditions being created
by this war, conditions that are continually becoming moro favorablo from the
wnge standpoint, mnny interesting developments arc occurring. Although
there are mnny thousands of Chineso
workers in British Columbin, there haB
nover been any organization among
them, along economic or trado 'union'
lines. An able and energetic young
Chinaman of this city, Mr. ErneBt Leo,
hns boon working among Mb countrymen along tho British Columbia coast,
for tho purpose of awakening them to
tho necessity of organizing and allying
themselves with the whito workers, for
mutual protection ngninst the rapacity
of employers. Mr. Leo informs Tho
Federationist that Mb efforts nro now
meeting with success, and thnt 3000 of
his peoplo are now ready to form a
union nnd npply for a charter in tho
American Fcderntion of Lnbor. Theso
men nro chiefly employed in tho lumber
mills nnd logging camps along tho const.
senators of tho state of Washington, the
mayor of tho city of Seattle, the commissioners of Lnbor for tho state, and
other distinguished individuals wore
there, nnd the mail carriers had tho
proud satisfaction of feeling that they
were some part of the social order to
to be reckoned with.
Election of Officers.
W. II. Hoop of Winnipeg was reelected president; he received 48 votes
out of 58, Other ollicers elected who
will serve for two yenrs nro: Vice-presi-
dent, Victor Bonupre, Montreal; secre-
tary-treasurer, Alex. MoMorle, Toronto
(re-elected). Vice-presidents for the
various provinces were selected as follows: Nova Scotia, .1. H. Dny; Quebec,
E. Sergeric; Manitoba, J, A, Elric; Saskatchewan, W. E. Buckle; Ontario, W.
A. Mnedonnld; Alberta, Alex, B. Campbell; British Columbia, R. Wight, nnd
Now Brunswick, E. D, Cnsa.
The Banquet at Seattle.
Letter carriers of Canndn and the
United States knew no distinction of
country, no difference in aims and am-
hitions and no boundaries in expression
of good will and friendship whon 200
of them assembled nt tho banquet board
at tho Wilhtird hotel Monday night. Tho
local branch of the National Letter
Carriers' association concluded a 30
hours' playing tho host to two-scoro
delegntcs on route from tho Cnnndinn
letter cnrrlcrs' annual convention ut
Vancouver, B. C, in one of the most
unique gatherings in tho history of the
Never before hnvo two organizations,
so typical nnd representative of the
government and its people, mot to brenk
bread nnd exchange words of sympathy
nnd complete understanding. The chief
executivo of both national organizations
snt side by side, Edward J. Gainer, of
Muncie, Ind., president of the United
States' carriers, wearers of grey, and
William Hi Hoop, of Winnipeg, head of
the Canadian letter distributors, and
wenrers of the blue. They mnde the
principal speeches nftor Mayor Hiram
Gill hnd extended a cordial wolcomo on
behalf of the city, nnd Henry M. White,
federal eonellintor in the department of
Labor, had welcomed thom in behalf of
the government.
B. C. E. R. Refused to Deal
Forced the Fight
Every Man Loyal to Union
and Determined to Win
Local Lathers Re-organizing.
A hnlf-dozon union lathers got together tho othor night in Labor Temple
to talk over matters concerning tlieir
crnft. It was decided that thoy would
look up and dust off the old charter, and
ono of tho bunch wns forthwith delegated to got into touch with interna-
tintiul headquarters. Briefly, it menus
thnt the Lathers' union will soon be In
business ngnin nnd taking its place in
tho building trades.
FIFTY MEMBERS of Local 213 of
the International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers laid down tools yesterday morning, and nro today enjoying
to the full tho beautiful summer -weather by the seaBhore, with their wives,
families and friends. Up till yesterday
morning the holidayers were employees
of the B. C. Electric Bailway Co. They
were absolutely compelled to take Bach
drastic action because of' the unreasonable attitude taken by Chief Electrical
Engineer G. Porter. He refused emphatically to even discuss the differences
with tho men ns membors'of the Electrical Workers' union. He forced the issue
and courted a fight—nnd will therefore
be accommodated.
It will be remembered that oni July
16,1915 the company reduced the wnges
of these men 25 cents per day. An ap:
peal was made to the Labor department
for a conciliation bonrd, nnd the finding
of that body was thnt the reduction be
15 cents per day. The company ignored
the award nnd did pretty much as it
pleased, whether the mon liked it or not.
About three months ngo Business
Agent Morrison endeavored to present
a draft copy of a new schedule of wages
nnd working conditions, prepared by
the union, calling for a return of the
working conditions prior to the cut of a
year ago, along with a slight increase.
The compnny again refused to doal with
Mr. Morrison or the union he represented. The mon held several meetings, and
discussed the situation carefully and deliberately.
The Union's Latter.
Vancouver, B. C, Aug. 9, 1916.
G. Porter, Esq., Electrical Engineer, B.
C. Electric Rnilwny Company.
Donr Sir: Some time ago, I was instructed by the membership of Locals
2.13 nnd 230 to arrange for nn interview
between yon nnd a committee of your
employees, in which I wbb included ns
official representative of the organization to which they belong. You will no
doubt recollect thnt you refused this interview on the ground that' though you
were aware that a number of your employees were members of tho I. B. E. W.
the company did not recognize this orgnnization, therefore you could trnnsnet
no business with us ns nn orgnnizntion
but would bo plenBcd to meet your em
ployees individually.
It is now bruited that I nm persona
non grntn and the interview wns refused on this score. Assuming this to
be tho caso, I will again request nn interview at which an internntionnl offi
cer will net as repreBontntivc in my
stead, as your employees wish to pre
sent a new schedule of wages nnd working conditions for your consideration.
Trusting yon will moot this committee
nnd thnt I will have an answer to this
nt your earliest convenience in order
thnt I can arrange for ono of our international officers to be present, I remain
Yours truly,
Business Agent.
The Company's Answer.
Vnncouver, B. C, Aug. 14, 1916.
Mr. E. H. Morrison, Internntionnl
Brotherhood of Electrical Workers,
207 Lnbor Temple, City.
Dear Sir: I am in receipt of your letter of the 9th inst. You nre under n
misapprehension whon you assume that
an interview with you was refused on
the ground nf the application for such
having been made by you personally.
I looked on my refusal ns a reply to a
request, for an interview from the International Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers, Local Union No. 213, which is
nn organization in which my company
is not interested.
Yours faithfully,
Chief Electrical Engineer.
The men finally decided to send for
the president of Pacific District Council,
No. 1, Mr. J. Morgen(linlcr. Organizer
Morgonthalor arrived here on Tuesday.
He got in touch With the company officials. But he also was refused n hearing. The local union officers then notified Mr. J. D, McNiven, western representative of the fodornl Labor department, and fully advised liim of the situation, Mr. McNiven'b intercession
proved unavailing. Thero wns nothing
left for the men to do but down tools.
This they did yesterday morning. And
there tho mntter stnnds nt the hour of
going to presB.
If ignornnce is bliss, a whole lot of
us certninly ought to be riotously
SUNDAY, Aug. 27—Typogrnphi-
cnl Union.
MONDAY, Aug, 28—Amnl. Engineers, Pattornm&kers. Elcctri*
en! Workers No. 213.
TUESDAY, Aug. 29-W. It. Trot-
tor's ninss meeting.
THURSDAY, Aug. 31—
FRIDAY, Sept. I—Rnilwny Cnr*
men, U. B. Curpenters, No. (117,
I.otter Carriers.
SATURDAY, Sept. 2-
Ontario Employees Will Try
to Secure Women As
Men Only Scarce Where the
'    Pay-triots Refuse a
Living Wage
One of  tht*  beat-known American Federation of Labor organizes In the Paelfle North-
west, who will be tho Labor Day spoake r at Beilingham on Labor Day.
Early Struggles of Vancouver Labor Temple Co., Limited
—General Business Depression Forces the Company
Into the Hands of Receiver—Cheering Message
of President Hoop of the Letter Carriers'
Association Suggests a Way Out
President Oompers and Secretary
Morrison of A, F. of L.,
% Among Contributors.
The Federationist is in receipt
of a special article from President
Samuel Gompers of the American
Federation of Labor for its Labor
Pny special edition. Secretary
Morrison hns also written to say
that he wilt huve his "copy"
along in a few days. Other native officials in the Lnbor movement hnve signified their intention of "doing their bit,^' Tho
edition will reach nt least 12
pages nnd probably more. Though
it is to be dated Sept. S, the edition will go to press on Sept 5,
tho morning following Labor Dny.
The patronage extended su fur indicates much better conditions
thnn for the two previous years.
WITHOUT A WHIMPER the directors of Vancouver Labor
Temple Co., Limited, succeeded in overcoming 1 many
obstacles during its formative period. But with the outbreak
of war and consequent industrial depression, tHe burden became more
than tiie directors could meet. Finally an "appeal" was made to the
unions of the continent, but the response failed to reach the figure
asked for and, as agreed, the money was refunded to the donors,
Then, by mutual arrangement with the mortgagees, a receiver took
nominal charge of the company's business, with Managing-Director
McVety acting tor the receiver, and foreclosure was thus postponed
at least. The receipts are more than meeting all operating expenses,
with a little over to apply on interest account. It would require at
least $12,000 to place thc Labor Temple Co, on its feet again. With
that, amount in hand, to pay interest arrearages and back taxes, and
the labor situation improving at the present encouraging rate, the
"Home of Labor" can bc fully restored to the trade union movement,
President Hoop's Suggestion.
Wm. H, Hoop, president of the Federated Assoeintion of Letter Curriers,
who were in convention here Inst week,
has made the suggestion to Tho Federationist that the Trados and Lnbor Congress of Canada be approached, at the
Toronto convention next month, with n
view to working out sortie plnn for the
reclamation of the Temple. Inasmuch
as President MeVety, of Vancouver
Trades and Lubor Council, has btcn
elected a delegate to the Congress convention, and will thus huve ample opportunity of plncing tho proposal before
the delegates, The Federationist pusses
the ideu on for tho consideration of
Vancouver unionists. Delegute McVety
is ut present in the Kootenay district,
and will probably be tho Lnbor Day
speaker at Prince Rupert beforo his return. It has been further suggested
that President Pettipiece of the Labor
Temple Co., plnco the idea before the
other directors nnd in turn before the
central lnbor body, nnd this will probably be done. The possibility of still
saving tho Labor Temple opens up a
vista of possibilities worthy of the
supreme effort of remaining members of
the local organized movement. Hore is
whut President Hoop hnd to sny to The
Foderntionist yesterday, just prior to
his leaving for Winnipeg:
"I Came; I Saw; I Know."
(tf AM   AMAZED   at   the   beautiful
* Lnlmr home you huve here. I om
positive the recent appeal wns no appeal ut all. Like Knot's philosophy it
wus no philosophy, He admitted it himself. I venture tn sny that not two per
cent, of the workers in Canndn hnve
nny idon of all that is entailed in the
Lubor Tomplo situation of Vancouver.
The sight of Hint benutiful home hns
produced a revolution in me. It does
not belong to Vancouver. I have seen
it. It is mine. 'Capital must not destroy it.   We must bovo it.
" t'lnok upon it ns the first of n chain
of Lnbor hotels throughout Cnnndn, nnd
onco let the worker hnve n sight of it,
arid its salvation is assured. Thero is
no sentiment nbout mc in rogard to this
matter. It. is strictly business. If the
workers nre appealed tn ia the proper
manner, the capitalist ennnot steal it
back. Evory large city In the Domin*
inn needs one, each one to he better
thnn tlie Inst. It began in Vnncouver,
side by side with (he 'most beautiful
hotol on earth,' the Vnncouvor (C. P.
It.) hotel.
"As I walked through the passages 1
felt that organized labor hud ostab-
lishod n dignity, very necessary to its
officialism in combatting tho strategy
nnd intricacies of our capitalist masters.
"1 honor you Vnncouver fnr the enterprise. Your ngony nnd suffering, en-
tailed through thc depression arising
out nf tho wnr, etc., gives birth to the
thought, You hnvo done onough. Ours
is the tusk. We must help yoa to snve
the temple. Let us buy your stock, subject to the rule thnt ynn repurchase it
when the next city requires u temple,
like Vnncouvor.
"This mntter must go before the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
Tho Oongrosfc must house its delegate
by business. Its business mnBt bo to
help the movement to have n temple in
every pity, not nn old shuck.
"I nm confident tho workers will help
to snve it. I will do my bit nnd some
other follows too. Wo must have a tomplo worthy of tho name, one which removes the eringing feeling of a 'capitalist morality, one which tho muster
clnss can have no contempt for.
"This is a world of business, ono of
eeulsiuid dollars. If the work of regeneration In the world of thought is slow,
at least W0 can demand that our organized labor though! shall have n tomple
rnther than un hovel.
"I hear thnt you may loose it. Well,
it would mnke me feel a grent pain. I
leave Vancouver with the desire firmly
routed iu my snul to help you to try
and suvo it.
"If I reach the Congress it will become more thnn a resolution, or a windy
oration. But thero, I feel tlie boys will
save it. Ib nny case, I am willing to
ussist, even if I hnve to go on strike
mnde the capitalist pny fnr it nnd
pen, it would look ns though wo hud
made it tho capitalist pay for it nnd
that would square mutters BOding that
the workers built it.
"The irony of the situation is thnt
tho workers built thc beautiful temple,
hotel and homo, nnd tho capitalist has
the power tn throw us out. It must not
be—it shall not bo.
"The Trades und Lubor Congress of
Canada must snve it, and my appeal is
to the intelligence nf the worker. I was
like others.  1 had not seen it.
"The sight of this building inspires
ono with revolution, leading. I hope, to
the salvation of the Vancouver Labor
Temple. It is ours. It is but nn ncci-
denl it is in Vancouver.   It is ours."
[By L. E. Dennison]
TORONTO, ONT., Aug. 18.—At a re-
cent meeting the Ontario Provincial
Organization of Resources Committee
made the following report upon the labor situation as applied to munition
"(1) To call tho attention of .all
those engaged in the munitions and
allied industries to the importance of
their service and the great responsibility resting upon them as individuals to
co-operate and do all in their power
to secure a steady, and increased supply
of munitions for our forces at the front.
(2) To urge upon all thoae who are
eligible for overseas service and who
are anxious to voluntarily do their beat
in this great struggle (especially those
now engaged in non-productive work or
in the production of commodities which
are luxuries more or less), to consider
employment on munitions as the next
best service to going overseas.
(3) To urge Women's Emergency
Corps to register women for munition
work or for work which will release
mon for the munitions industry.
This was prompted by a communication from the Imperial Munitions
Board to the effect that "the deliveries of munitions from Ontario are running fnr behind the quantities promised,
and we nre seriously apprehensive if
existing conditions cannot bo better-
'l "
Shortage of labor is the excuse made
by the provincial orgnnization to the
above. There hns been reports that the
labor unions were responsible in some
degree for this stnte of affairs. This
is denied by labor hero.
Low Wages, Not Scarcity of Men.
'' In Toronto overy man was working
who wanted to, and the only place there
might bc a shortage of men was at the
Canada Foundry, which locked out the/
machinists. The other place wus Hamilton, and it was pointed out that if the
manufacturers of that city had or
would even now accept tbo award of
the Royal Commission, made about
eight months ngo, there would be no
cause for complaint," said officials at
the Labor Temple when interviewed on
the Bubject.
Arrogant Pay-triots to Blame.
"Tho Dominion government appointed a Royal Commission eighteen months
ngo to investigate the conditions in tho
Hamilton factory, and, after a careful
investigation, found that tho employees
wero entitled to better conditions, but
the manufacturers refused to see it
that way and 2,000 went out on strike.
These men nre willing to return to work
nny moment the employers will comply
with the award, so tho labor officials
maintain that organized lnbo/ is not
responsible for the shortage in munitions,"
Women As Strike-breakers.
Tho Toronto Women's Emergency
Corps has been urged to register women for work in munition fnctories or
for work which will release men for
munition work. The head of the corps
registration bureau hns this to say regarding the situation; "Wo hnvo already fifteen hundred women on our
books, nnd hnve ulready furnished
several hundreds to various manufacturers, while almost every hour in the day
women nre in hero to muke fresh application for munition work, It is now up
to the manufacturers to demand tho
services of more women. I huve
written twice to each of the seventy-
four or mine munition plants in Toronto
aloha. The first time I received about
fourteen answers, nnd the second time
but sixteen. Comparatively few of
them employed womon, nnd mnny of
thom guve ns the reason that they hnd
not employed them und Itud no accommodation! However, others hnve been
perfectly splendid nbout fitting up
their premises so thut women could bu
taken on and they report grent satis*
"I nm sure we will not hnve tlio
slightest difficulty in furnishing us
many women ns tho manufacturers need.
Fnr the large body of leisure women
hus hardly been touched. There nro
many of those who have not yet registered, but hnve signified their willingness to do sn nny time thfl call comes.
Now Metal Trades Agreement.
Tho C. P. R, and Its machinists, boiler makers, pipe-fitters, carmen, electrical workers und sheet metal workers
havo renched a new agreement which
carries with it nn 8 per cent, increnso,
and improved conditions which nro considered equal to 25 per cent, increase**,
Tho settlement,' includes ull men enst
from Fort William,
Making Ready for Congress Convention.
Tho reception and entertainment
committee of the Trndes tininns of this
■ity hnvo completed arrangements for
the entertainment of the delegates and
visitors to the Trades and Labor Congress of Canndn. The Prince George
Hotel will be tho headquarters. Tho
opening meeting will be held in tlio
auditorium of tho nnw new Technical
school, at Lippiaaott und Dundns
streets, tho delegates nnd their guests
being escorted from the headquarters
tn the meeting [ilnce by a band. Invitations have lifen extended to the
mayor, bonrd of control, bonrd of education, board nf trade and the separate
school board to attend.
labor Day at San Francisco,
The San Francisco Labor council hns
appointed a committee to confer with a
OOmmittflC   from   the   Building  Trndes
co.incil on plans for n Labor Dny celc-
Its greatTorgttnUing faculty must begin I brntion.
Painters "Coming Back."
Fourth Vice-president Clark, Tncomu,
of the In ternntionnl Brotherhood of
Painters, wjU-iJt>c in Vancou ver for a
few iIuvh duriBf the cumiiig week.
Along nit) Bej|pi-.-» Agent Nagle, of
the l^nihlHkg Trini'*. Iv will assist in
bringing ike top* together again, after
a lapse vtiymttr two. PAGE TWO
86 Branch*! In Canada
A general banking business transacted.   Circular Utters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at Mgbest
current rate
Assets  . .
Deposits .
Household Banking
in Tho Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great con*
venionce. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either mny deposit
or withdraw money. Interest is
paid on theBe accounts twice a
Paid np caplel     6,000,000
Reionre land      6,48»,882
Corner Hastings and Gamble Sta.
Men's Hatters and'Outfitters
Three Stores
UnetuaUed Vaudeville Haul
i.tfiiAGEs vaudeville
2:46,7:20.9:18   .anion's Prices:
Matlnea,   16c;   BTanlngl,   16c.   25c.
Some of Our Best Cuttomert
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver, In some
cases, where a customer
we aro willing to talk it over.
Como in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture is
British Columbia.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
- and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Qrants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Bottlers—
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three years; improve*
ments to the extent of 85 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at leaBt Ave acres.
For further information apply to
Victoria /A. S. WelU,
forts along the lilies of purification unci
moral uplift? Tho prohibit!onista took
Iiim to their arms and'sent him forth to
purify the province, by exorcising the
demon of Rum And this dabbler in the
political latrine has now become a veri
active part in the movement to purge
the province of tho contaminating pre-
I soncti of the baneful traffic in liquor.
._   ..  -   *^s he aided in purifying the houso at
Published every Triday morning by the B. 0. . ,   '    '    ,-   ,    »
Federatioaist, Limited \iotona, at least to tho extent of one
uTva^T^i^t^^^ therein' why should he not also de-
' -"_'—- ~~^~V\r"~'"^;'T   vote h'8 splendid talents to further ef-
Offlcei   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:    (1.50 per year; In Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
In a body, fl.00
Now Westminster...!.. .W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Itupert W. E. Denning, Box 631
a a w""a ^Li5!51 table scourge to the wicked ones who
hnvo "used the Labor movement to further their own base ends." As ho
points at thom tho finger of accusation
they  wince,  not so much  because  of
FRIDAY AUGUST 25, 1916  their guilty consciences, as by reason of
tho fact that his fingers -stink.
WE ARE ALL of courso intensely! *       *       *
interested in that gigantic and ■    There are others of this type, some
desperate struggle that ia going Of tvhom have had n fur greater influ-
oii in Europe, between thc Huns of the j onco   in   the   Labor   movement   than
Contrul Empires and tho Entente Allies, j Hardy ever had,  who  are  openly  or
Our hearts go out to i covertly flirting with tho politicul ene-
ALONG THE the gallant mon in | mica of. the working class.   Whon any
POLITICAL the trenches — that | ono who has proven by his activities in
GUTTER. is, on our side—and i the Labor movement that he possesses
wo earnestly hope I a clear andcrstnnding of the position of
that the victory will be theirs. We. the working class in its struggles
havo heard much of lifo in the trenches agajnst its rulers and masters, delibe
"Unity of Labor: tbe Hope of tbe World"
und the frequently uncomfortable conditions that exist therein. But with all
of our concern over tho discomforts and
rately sinks to the level of a booster
for tho political toola and schemes of
the class that holds the workera in boh-
dangers  confronting  the  men  at   the j dago, there is but one conclusion to be
front, we should netoverlook that titanic battle that is now on in this province between tho political Hans of
darkness and the Cherubs of political
light and purity. Though the European
struggle has swallowed up thousands of
the bravest and best, who havo offered
themselves in response to their country's call, let it not be forgotten that
miiity of our bravest and best politicians have with equally patriotic fer-
drawn, and that is that the immediate
material gains resulting from fishing in
that foul latrine, outweigh whatever devotion to principle he may be capable
of possessing. For any worker to aid or
abet the political and economic schemes
of the master class is to commit an act
of treachery to his own class. And the
same thing holds true with he who professes to do battle for the working class^
no matter whether he actually belongs
vor offered themselves for sacrifice upon j to that class or not.   Where such an act
the politicnl altar of tho provinco, dur-; is   committed   through   ignorance   it
ing  the  present  desperate  campaign. I might be excused.   Where it is deliber-
And let it be said to their credit that  ately dono, it sinks below the level of
not only have they dedicated themselves  the commerce of the red light district,
to the noble purpose of service upon the
firing line, but they also furnish their
own ammunition.   As the battlo being
waged in the province at present does
not come under the head of trench warfare, but is more in the nature of a
scrap     along     a     political     latrine,,
the   nature   of   the   ammunition    and
readily inferred.
The Federationist holds no brief for
nny political movement, nor for any individual political aspirant iu this campaign. Outside of John McGinnis of
Fort George, wo know of.no candidate
upon tho ticket that wo would be fully
justified in recommending to the voters
of the province. As to which bunch of
political warriors constitutes the Huns
of darknesB nnd which the Cherubs, the
mattor must be left to the more or less
keen discrimination of tho voters themselves. As their reasons for fighting are
the same, and thoy both UBe^the same
brand of ammunition, a discrimination
that can properly classify them will
need to be razor-edged. Neither haB yet
offered any argument outside of mud?
slinging, vilification and personal abuse
hurled at each other, and this sort of
shot—we came perilously near misspelling tho word—haB invariably been
hurled back again with equally argumentative effect. A mure flatulent and
belching campaign could scarce be
* *       *
There is a type of human maggot that
seems to have been designed by nature
to find its way into the political lntrine,
as ita most suitable habitat. This particular type seems to develop around
the fringe of the Labor movemont nnd
becomes ripe for latrine environment
under a disheartening non-recognition
of its importance and worth as a lever
for the, uplift of tho toiling masses.
Then this mnggot becomes a veritable
human sign-post warning the unwary
from the dangerous and contaminating
presence of tho mornlly vile, who "use
Ihe Labor movement for their own tonse
purposes." A mnggot of thia typo,
Geo. H. Hardy by nntne, ia now wiggling around thia province in tho pay of
the Prohibition movement. According
to the newa despatches, this worthy delivered "a forceful address" at Pontic-
ton last Sunday night. He is referred
to ns a member of tho Trades and Labor
Council of Vnncouver, as woll as "an organizer for tho People's Prohibition
Movement." Aa it would appear that
ho is attempting to use tho organizod
Labor movement in order to gain prestige for himself in the eyes of his employers, it becomes necoHBary to devote
a littlo spneo to the laudable purpose of
aiding him in his good work.
* *      *
Hardy blow into Vancouver as a rip-
roaring revolutionist, nmply qualified to
straighten out tho kinks in the Labor
movement and set it upon its true
course. His qualifications soon resolved
themselves into a noisy acclamtion of
that paucity of idoas and plethora of
confusion that is especially characteristic of tho anarchistic conception and
trend of thought. As noise iB fnr more
apt to attract attention than knowledge,
ho eventually became a delegate to the
Traces nnd Labor Council At the time
of the last municipal election Hardy obtained his first taste of thc sweets incidental to the navigation of tho political
aewer. He was engaged in boosting tho
campaign of McBeath, who is now
mayor. Tho crumbs picked up during
tlmt contest .evidently taBted good, for
when the by-election fnr a scat in tho
provincial house enmo on last spring,
Hardy was enlisted in tho service of tho
l.ibernls, and proved to be one of tho
most native and valuable workers in
that famous brigade of warriors whicli
attended to tho details of tho "plugging" scheme and "plugged" the Liberals to victory. His splendid work upon
this occasion afforded convincing pro.of
that he was eminently qualified to take
WITHOUT THE SUN there would
be no life upon this planet. At
least we arc aafe in making tho
assertion, aa it cannot be prov*en untrue
except through tho crucible of actual
oxporience, and we
are not prepared, at
present, to take
that courso of instruction. Of course
the sun referred to is that splendid orb
that duly officiates as'the illuminating
centre of the solar system, nnd not the
Vancouver Sun, that local luminary
that scintillates its radiance along the
political horizon and purifies the social
atmosphere by means of its penetrating
and all powerful rays. Now it is well-
known .that "OM Sol" ia afflicted ivUh
spots. Thc wise men who peer into the
secrets of the heavens call them "sun
spots," and profess to believe tlmt
theae spots exercise some meteorological
influence throughout the solar system.
Those who have noted the peculiarities
of the local luminary may have also
discovered that its peculiar brand of
sunshine is more or less spotted. That
it hns any far-reaching effect, however,
upon matters either celestial or mundane is doubtful. None can deny its
remarkable power as a means of illuminating, at least to its creator's satisfaction, the dank and noisome caverns and
orridors of corruption infested by that
conscienceless band of political scalawags and ingrntes that so ruthlessly
loot this fair province ond wastefully
dissipate its splendid resources. Of
course the rescals arc Conservatives,
the ones who aro in office. They always aro. No ono ever yet heard of a
political rascal, out of office. The hallmark of rascality, politically speaking,
and strictly from the standpoint of
capitalist politics, lies solely in the fact
of being in. Nothing could be plainer
thnn that to the gang on the outside,
could it T
* * *
Just ns there would be no lifo without the kindly ministrntions of "Old
Sol," so would there be no humor in
politics without tho locnl Sun, and tho
noble cause for which it so gloriously
shines. On last Monday morning its
rays were particularly penetrating and
powerful. For instance, under glaring
hendlinca the damnable conspiracy
against the coal minors of Vancouver
Island ia 1018, which wns concocted by
Premier Bowser, according to the Sun's
mya, waa ruthlessly uncovered. It is
[but fair to aay that to the most of us
I the fact of a conspiracy having been
concocted ngninst tho miners at that
time, certainly is a mntter of nows. We
looked upon tlie occurronco as ono of
thoso inevitable outbreaks that logically
follow in tho footsteps of capitalist
prod action, and tho unfortunate and un
comfortable experiences of those who
took part in it, ns equally logical Tesults
of the outbreak itself. We feel sure
that tho provincial government nt tho
timo did whatever was neccBsary to
protect the property interest's of the
conl companion, and subdue tho revolt.
No conspiracy was nccesaary, for tho
simple reason that the government possessed all of the power requisite for tho
successful handling of the situation, as
well aB the undisputed right to use that
powor without scrupio and without
mercy. That power and right hnd been
repeatedly delegnted to tho governmental authorities by tho working clnfls itself, of which tho striking miners were
a part.
Now that a campaign for office is on
and tho 'utilization of the workers'
franchise is necessary to the success of
political adventurers and their schemes,
much sympathy is extended to the poor
nnd oppressed workers and a most
touching and tender solicitude for their
welfare is profusely expressed. Tho
liberal press and politicians aro particularly vociferous and tearful at' this soli
citude business. The Sun is the'eheap-
est sinner of the lot, because its beams
are so transparent. Did its shafts of
soothing radiance fall gently upon the
tortured souls of the victims of Bowser's "black conspiracy," during th&se
dark days of 1913? Did its brilliant
beams bear solace to the hearts, or balm
to the wounds of thoae hapless ones
over whom it now slobbers its subtle,
vote-catching solicitude? What was the
message that it carried upon the wings
of morning, unto those who dwelt with
iu the narrow confines of its radiance?
It carried the samo message that all
other capitalist rags of this province
and elsewhere always carry in times of
labor trouble. Its columnB, like those
of the roBt of ita precious tribe, were
stuffed with tales of atrocities perpetrated by the striking miners against
the innocont and unwary; of tha destruction of property and the inauguration of a veritable reign of terror by
these wicked sinnors. Every petty offence ngninst the law was magnified a
thousand fold, until these unarmed and
empty-handed miners were made to appear as veritable friends from hell.
Every brutal act committed by the police, militnry and court ruffians of class
rule, was made to appear as the gently
administered admonition of a fond parent' to a wayward child. It is different
now. There is no strike on. Labor is
not quite so plentiful as then. It is
close upon election dny. The laborer is
needed in more ways than one. All the
political and economic enemies of his
class love him now. There are no more
sun spots. Naught but pure and unadulterated political sunshine falls upon
tho workingman in British Columbia today, and it well calculated to "warm
the cockles of hiB heart."
IT SEEMS to be the general opinion
that there will be some problem to
solve after the war is over.  The calling of millions of men from the occupations of peace, and the filling of their
places by others, in-
THE ATTER- eluding large num-
THE-WAR bers of women and
PROBLEM. children, has crent-
ed a condition industrially, that will require consider-
nblo-tact to so alter as to admit of the
reabsorption of these millions of men
into the industrial process. Perhaps it
is the intention of governments to retain theae millions under arms as a
gently persuasive forco to be used for
the purpose of subduing any unduly rebellious fever that might perchanco
manifest itself amongst tho workors. If
such should not be tho case, however, it
mny bc well to offer n few suggestions
that, might be of value in solving the
* *       *
Grent Britain iB aome Empire, so to
speak. And John Bull is no slouch of
a bull. An army of five or six millions
is in the field and there nro moro millions yet to ftqme. To keep this army in
the field entails an expense thnt runs
into fabulous figures. This huge forco
engages solely in slaughter and destruction. All that it either coiiBumcB or destroys conaorves no legitimnto and
healthy human purpose Its operations
bring no solace to the human heart. Its
achievements can add nothing to human
comfort, nor further any praiseworthy
human ambition. ThiB does not apply
particularly to the British forco. It ap-
plioB equally to all thoBe masses of men
that aro being used for purpoae of war.
It applies to all those armie^ of organized brute force engaged in this worldwide game of blood and slaughter, and
all that are yet to come.
* •       ♦
If Great Britain has six million men
under arms at the end of the war, it
will be Bafe to say that there will be
another two or three millions engnged
in making munitions and other war
supplies. Adding these together and we
havo a force of seven or eight millions
of men Who are all practically in tho
prime of life. Now, if the illustrious
John Bull will tako this gallant array of
able and efficient men from tho bnttle-
fiold and the munition fnrtories and set
them to work upon the fields and in tho
factories, producing the useful and indispensable things of life, it will not ho
neeessary for the balance of Mr. Bull's
family to do anything nt all. And it
would not bo necessary for theso men
to work more than threo of four hours
per day, either, thnt ia if the production
of nil unnecessary things such ns wnr
materials nnd a lot of other ruling class
junk was cut out. Eight million mon
properly organized nnd equipped for
production upon tho fields and in the
shops of tho British Isles, could produce
nil the food, clothing, shelter and other
nocessnry things to enable all tho people of those Ules to live in comfort and
planty, without depending upon tho outside world for suatonance. And it would
not,cost as many pence as thia war will
cost in pounds, to so equip and organize*
this army of industry. Under that sort
of regime it might be possible for the
Britisher to live for his country, instead
of being compelled to die for it as at
present. And what is true of the land
of John Bull is true of all others, not
forgetting this Canada of "ours." It
is oven true of the land df tho Kniser
and "Kultur."
More Eulistments—Delegate to the Congress Convention—'' Bull-pen' *
Gossip of the Week,
THE LATEST to enlist for military
service from Pioneer division aro
Bros. J. G. James, H. Biles, Alex. Webster and Bro. Quick from District 2. No
doubt many more will follow. Two
other brothers havo quit, Bro. G. Hos-
kins nnd H. Hodgson having decided
thnt they can do better elsewhere.
Our next meeting will bo important
owing to the fact that a delegato to the
TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada
convention will be elected for that im
portant office. As the convention is being hold in Toronto, no doubt there will
be many aspirants for the trip, so be on
hand to record your vote.
Bro. Charlie McAndrew is wearing a
big smile and receiving-many congratulations ori the birth of a baby girl. No,
we don't remember seeing any cigars.
We have had occasion to mention before about our men patronizing the
Moler barber college. Another brother
was seen entering tho place on Tuesday
morning. If you aro going to patronize
places like these for the love of Mike
be de.cent enough to leave your uniform
cap in the bull-pen.
The World quotes Alderman Rogers
aa saying there must bo something
wrong when one has to pay five cents
for a 14-ounce loaf. Allow us to inform the worthy alderman that what is
handed us for -a loaf of bread theae days
weighs only 12 ounces, nnd the sooner
Aid. Rogers introduces his resolution
fixing a standard weight for broad tho
better for the consumer.
No, brother, Chinatown doea not seem
to bo at all disturbed by the recruiting
league census-takers.     '        J. E. G.
Trades and Lahor Council.
August 14, 1891.
John Dickson and JaUi Howard (molders) took seats as delegates,
Walking Delegate Geo. Irvine reported regarding his coming trial re intimidation of strikers on Bank of B, C. It
whb decided to engage counsel.
MessrB. Pleming, Woodley nnd Mallet
were appointed to interview the bonrd
of works regarding city contract work.
Besolvod, that all union men be requested to come oqff the Bank of B. C.
pending the trial of the walking delegate. .
W. Pleming, president, and Harry
Cowan, secrotary.
The paitners still on strike.
Secrotary reported having sent letters
to the Dominion and imperial governments re Chinese crews on Empress
August 28, 1895.
President Pleming and Delegate Mai-
lett interviewed the board of works
regarding city contract work.
Parliamentary committeo Bent a lengthy letter to Dominion Trades and Labor Congress.
Vice-president G. Bartley urged that
all ex-dolegates being members of bodies represented at the council, hnvo the
privilege of speaking but not voting,
upon questions considered by the council.
Secrotary Harry Cowan writo to city
council requesting it to secure from the
federal governmont the right to utilize
a part of English bay as a public swimming beach,
Balky Tendencies of Slaves to Be Cured
By Pension Plan.
Swift & Co., the big Chicago meat
packing firm, has just announced a pension plun for the benefit of its employees. A fund is to be set aaide by
the firm for the purpose. To this f-u-nd
the employees will not bo called upon
to contribute. Males who have' been
employed by the company for 25 years,
will be pensioned whon they reach tho
age of (10, Females are to be pensioned
at the ago of 55, if they have been able
to withstand the wear nnd tear of 25
years of slavery with the company.
Great alarm is felt in certain trade
union quarters, that this scheme is calculated to deprive the employees of tho
sacred aud long-cherished right to
Btrike. One of the provisions of the
plan is that the 25 years of servico
must be continuous. Thut means that
tho period of slavery must havo been
unbroken by nny balky fits upon the
part of the slave. Just why this right
to strike should be doomed so valuable,
is not clear. It has nevor yet secured
anything for the working class, as a
class, and it is more than doubtful if
oven that section of the working clnss
which has exercised it so persistently
has gained sufficient to offset the cost
of its struggles. There is one thing
that may be assorted with the utmost
confidence, and that is,-that not a thing
has ever been gained through the exercise of that precious right, that has
not, or cannot be taken away, in spite
of all efforts to the contrnry. To balk
in harness is tho privilege of the horso
and mule, but take* advantage of the
privilege as they may, it opens not tho
gate to freedom from enforced toil and
the green fields and rich pictures that
lie beyond. Will the two-legged alave
over learn better?
East Kootenay Miners Seeking Information Well-known to Coast Unionists.
The secretary-treasurer of Kimberley
Minors' union, No. 100, W. F, of M.,
John Taylor, writoB The Federationist,
aBking for information relative to the
employment of Orientals in Vnncouvor
Island coal mines. Yes, Mr. Tuylor,
there are hundreds of Orientals in tho
mines spoken of. In fnct it was tho
employment of this class of miner thnt
mnde it possible for tho employers to
defeat the U. M. W. of A. in the big
strike of three yenrs ago. The present
govornment did' nothing to remedy the
condition during ita entire term of office, Thc present minister of mines,
Lome Campbell, Roasland, hns promised
some sort of nn exnmination of tho Orientals, with a view to making it more
difficult for the coal barons to employ
them, but the Orientnls aro ^till on tho
job intact.
Nova Scotia 'Longshoreman To Secure
Position on Compensation Board
"John T, Joy is slated as one of the
three commissioners under tho provisions of the Workmen's Compensntion
Act in Nova Scotia, aB the representative of Lnbor," writes a trade unionist
of "tho far east." "To you boys
out west who have attended many conventions of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canniln nnd who are therefore
acquainted with Bro. Joy, I need make
no further comment. He is the best
mini we hnd nround for the job nnd I'm
glad hia prospects of landing it nre sn
secure, For many years ho has fought
the battles of Labor, often single-handed and  under the most adverse con-
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal drown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
Fully modern flrc-room bungalow
on George Stroot, South Vancouver
for $1560. Small amount of nisli required.    Balance on vory oaBy torniB.
Very good nix-room houso on 20th
Avenue Enst, modern, full basement,
good furnaco, nice garden. Lot'Bilx
120 on very easy tonus.
We have some very choice lota nn
Page Uoad, near Frnser for $100.
Wo have two otliro lot's In South Vancouver for $50 each. These aro real
bargains.        .	
We hnvo many houses, stores and
niuirtmrnits at a very low rental in
all parts of the city. Any information desired cheerfully given.
ditions. He enjoys tho confidence of
organized lubor nnd wo can depend
upon fair treatment at his hands."
Rossland Miner's Story.
Editor The Federationist: I was roading
from The Federationist of the 4th Inst, of a
condition that exists nt Anyox, nnd it has
caused me a little thinking to know how
Anyox miners and smelter workers may bo
organized. I nm myself n miner, and I worked for n short time In July and August, 1914,
for the Granby company at Anyox, There
was no organization existing there at that
time, nnd whilo I was glad to see by papers
that an Increaso of wnges was obtained last
spring, I nm sorry that some of the men who
assisted in obtaining nn increnso in wnges
wero selected by Granby officials for dismissal, lt wns Granby aver ngnin to rend of
the Incident, ns 1 hnve experienced what they
mny cnll their righteous privileges of discharge or lire. I worked for them on two
occasions many years ngo in Phoenix camps.
The first time 1 quit becnuse I beenme ills-
satisfied, principally because of the wage. I
wns ono of the blasters. The wages should
hnve been $4 per day. When payday camo
it wns but $8.50. A few days later I quit,'
nnd so did nnother mnn. Two moro wero
hired to replace us, and they were paid $.1.7'..
They, too, 1 believe became dlssntisfled and
lator $4 per dny was paid. We only wanted
Rossland wnges, which was existing at thnt
time. About a year or so later, 1 again lind
occasion to go to Phoenix to look fnr work,
boss that I had worked for formerly,
ited to know if T didn't hnvo some trouble
when I wns here before. He seemed to be
familiar with nn incident and perhaps had
his Instructions. Anyway I didn't got work
from him. Hut 1 got a job from another
boss, and I suppose being what was Ihon
known as old machine man, caused liim to
give me ns a partner, n damn line young fellow nnd excellent comrade, but somewhat or
nearly totally Inexperienced ns n miner's machine man. Wo averaged with the best of
them, but somehow tho boss got an Idea thnt
I should go, and one afternoon I wont. There
wns to be no more work for me. I wns much
younger thon, and 1 was glnd to know thnt
tho scute for blasters wns increased. In contusion I will sny that there are other incl-
[louts ns to wages sought that I could write
about in a personal letter, but 1 have not the
time nnd hardly the wish. As I said in
commencement, how mny men who possess
the intention to organize the miners, mine
workers and smelter men of Anyox 1 Were I
In possession Df a little moro physleallty I
would go to Anyox, build n boat house nnd
organise a union thnt would remain. If there
should be n fund started for an organizer, T
will contribute $10. He should be a man of
strong physlouo, nnd with n strong mentality
and of grent and continued determination of
intention to organize and to help educato the
workers o'f Anyox.    Respectfully,
Rossland, D, C, Aug.   18th, 191(1.
Circularizes Central Labor Bodies Covering Proposed Congress
The oxecutivo committeo of Ottnwa
Allied Trades nnd Labor association,
Messrs. N. W. Bcuvcn, C. W. Lowib, W.
T. McDowell, Geo. Patrick, Wm. Lodge,
chairman nnd J. Cnmeron, president,
hnve issued tho following circulnr to
thc central lubor bodies of Canada:
"At n largely attended mooting of
tho Ottawa Trados and Labor council,
held Friday, August 4, tho circular is-
sued by tho Toronto District Lnbor
council, relative to proposed amendments to tho constitution of tho TradeB
und Labor Congress of Canada, was
cnrcfully considered. The proposod
amendments seek to chungo, very materially, the complexion of tho Congross,
and as too much information cannot be
hud ns to thc utility nnd desirability of
the chnnges proposed;
"It wns therefore unnnimously ro*
Bolvcd, that tho delegates from the
nbove Ottnwa council bc not pledged to
support uny of the proposed amend*
ments, for tho reason thnt nt the convention, aloao, was it likely that overy
side of tho question would lie prcsonted,
nnd thus put tho delegntcs in it position
to judgo intelligently nnd fuirly us to
the merits of tho changes proposed.
"Tho resolution ulso directed tho undersigned exocutive committee to circu-
lurine tho central lnbor bodies of tho
Dominion, pointing out. tho dnngcr of
taking notion without n thorough knowledge of all that is involved ;n the proposod chnnges und thus committing
their delegates to something, tho full
purport of which may only be understood when the question is discussed, in
ull its benrings, nt the convention.
"We venture the opinion thnt tho nt*
titude of the Ottnwa Trudos council is
the correct ono and wo ask your careful considorntion of snme."
Of Passing Interest.
An .enthusiastic ' reception greeted
Kev. W. Boulton, Conservative candidate for South Vaucouver * * *
Inst night " * • whilo Mr. J. W.
Wilkinson spoke on bohtlf of Mr. Boulton fs candidature. — News-Advertiser,
Aug. 24.
Special 11 P. M. to 1. A. M.
704 Robson Street
U. B. W. o( A.—Meoti Orel tnd third Hon-
day ot etch month, Room 808, Labor Temple
8 pm. President A. Sykca; aeoretary, Chu.
Q, Austin, 721 Eighth Ave.. Emt.
and Iron Ship Bulldore and Hclpere ol
i iffiW?*'1' 8 P*m* President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue weit:
secretary, A. Fraaer, 1181 Ho^e .tr.it,    ' '
PACIFIC-Moets at 487 Oore avenne every
Heat, P'™' " K,,r,''r' '""'"""
meet; room 205. Labor Temple, everv
U62 "V.Sim* ,I'r"ld*"*-* D*W. StcDongatf
H » te,","!."'"'*, "rtl eecretary,
?.~ '. J"*f' P,bl,r Timple. flnanolal eeore*
fett Vl""" ••",*". ■■ H. Montana.
Room 207. Labor Temple.
flret and third Thursday.. Executive
boorii: Junius H. McVety, preeldent; R. N.
Mylos, vice-president! Helena Gutteridge,
generul secretary, 210 Labor Temple!
Fred Knowles, treasurer! W. H. Cotterill
statiBtlclun; sergeant-at-arms. John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jaa. Campbell, J. Brooks, trua*
Meots   second   Monday   in  tbe  month.
Preaident, J.  MoKlnnon; sercetary,   R.   H
Neelands, P. 0. Box 6fl.
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meeta flrat
Sunday of each month. Preaident, Jamea
Campbell; financial seoretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Soy. 4752; rocordlng aeeretary,
Wm^rtM^J}loJ)ojfot£h_Maln atreet.
ol Union of America, Local No. 120—
Moots 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in the montb.
room 205, Labor Templo. President, L. E.
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 604 Oeorala
—Meeta every l«t anil 8rd Tuesday.
8 p.m., Room 307. Prosldent, F. Dickie;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall. Box
53; flnanclal secretary, W. J. Pipes; bnainea.
agent. W. 8. Dagnall, Room 215.
soclBtioo, Local 88*52. Office ond ball.
10 1 owell (treet. Meets overy Thursday 8
p.m. Geo. Thomas, business agent; Thomaa
.Mxon. secretary.
J Vel™."'"' I'1"*,""1*'*"1 »* 8 P-m- President
I. Mclvor; rocordlng secretary, j. Brookes;
tomplo.   Seymour 7405.
a «... ONION, Local 848., : A T
ft E. * M  p, M. 0.—Meet, first Sunday of
Pe„iiJm°.'"f'^It;<""l 20*' hth" T«*iPle.
President. J. 0. Lacbnnce; business agent. W.
U. McCartney: financial and corresponding
■eeretnry.JI^O. Roddan. P. 0. Bo" 845
n™„^i -.. A~v,ncouver and vlclnlty-
& ooT01,' ,"conJ "■"' '"'"•h Monday..
5S? °i?' .L*.1,°~r *nnple. President. Roy
MeDougall 001 Seventh avenuo west; fi„,„.
eal secretary, J. Campbell. 4809 Argyle
ma V"™'"**'.oretaiy, K. Wealtaoffl,
i°H_l!E 'treet; phon,, n»yv|cw 2698L
"'"MIW.-BL $|,IiUT1Unt! **n.WAT EH.
H..1. tiffin* Pl,°"eer DivUlon, No. 10*1-
Meets Lsbor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. I',-,.s|,|o„t, w. H. Cottrell*
tcc-presldent, It E. Rigby, recording S
tory, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street* fin*
nnclal seerelary and'business agin" Fred A
Hoover, 2400 Clnrk drive.
'""am™™?   taiXoSI5   unTon—of
. AMERICA. Local No. 178—Meetings
teHi,*™,' S"«d»' !" •*»••• month, « pm.
President Franel, Williams; vice-president.
Mis. H. Outterldge; recording sec, 0. McDonald, Box 503; flnanclal a,ere.ry H
Nordland. V.O. Box 503.        "*■"■■"*'.   "
„» Sol*,l*"1. "J""*"**? of each montb at 2
S.mi   we"i',e!!■,■ ?!m- "■ T°"**'*** vlce.pre,|1
___A PT^'T"'-"'"™' «■
B'    ?e    '""PATION   OF  LABOR-Mcet.
ln annual convontion In January. Exeo-
"ve™ °"vCr' ""■"' rrmUmt, jZ. H Ma*
BrS,i. k£'". J'*"" ™ v»ncou«r, John
Brooke E. Morrison; Victoria, 0. Slverta:
5'\WN™'ml"<«.y* Vateaj Prince Report
W. E. Ihompson P. o. Box 168; Ro.af.nJ
H. A. Stewart: Dlstriot 28, U. M W of A
^Vancouver Island), w. Head* District 18
n.Ji: i "' .' <Crow • No" Valley), A. J
Carter. Socretarytreaau-cr, A. S WelU P
°L-g!^Lig!i_yicti>ria. B. 6, ' r'
VIOTOBIA. aTo      	
Labo? LiUt!i'?i'S' ,nd ""rd WetataSS.
i-aoor ball,  1424 Government atreet,   at '#
__________X'iTKT- *■
nbw WMTMnrana
of America, local 784. New We.tmm.tar
Meeta second Sunday of each month at iao
P.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jame.oo, Box 486
.   .    , TIOM. aauuut
M.niS?] ■J1"!.'*. J1***1*1 of ■*• Dominion, In
tS. ™!fU'TJ: H' NortawMt Terrltorlaa and
ku* BET.11 ".' '*'• r/cvlnca ot Britl.h Columbia, may be leased for a term of twentr-one
yeara at an annual rental of |l ,„ ,'„' ».!
mttein" 1M° """ Wl" "• '"->">' on*
...'ik •"r.T«>r<Ml territory tbe land muit be da*
.r,«„n.b)' T""""' or met subdivisions of
sections,   and   In   nnsurveyed   territory   the
right, applied for are nn available bnt not
otherwise. A royalty ahall bo palj on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five centa per ton.
The person operating tha mine ahall fulfil ■!?." A8"".' »"h "I?" tmn' """-nt*
.A, „F. &• 51" tm—r of merchantable
coal mined and par the royalty thereon. If
the coa mining rlghta an not being operated
auch return, should be furnished at"leut onee
■Jk}.*'.l,ff,^1I,lA.'"i'*14" "" >~ "'nlni
rlghta only, bnt tba lei.ee may be permitted
to purchase whatever evallabl.'.urfaee right,
may be con.ldered neceuary for lbe working
of the mine at the rate ol tto aa acre.
For full Information application shnnlit a.
mad; to the Secretary of the Department of
SU I. JI *.' "J1?™*,*" J" •"•' Agent or Sob*
Agent of Dominion Landa.
.. „    5'Pnty Mlnleter of the Interior
N. B— Unauthorised publication of tbls advertisement will nnt be paid for—80880
I ' FBIDAY. „. AUGUST 25, 1916
You Like a Glass of
Good Beer
BECOME LAW you would have to buy beer brewed in
another province, which means you would probably get an
inferior article with the added privilege of contributing
to the coffers of a transportation company.
and buy it in
Mark your Ballot "NO"
Brewed and Bottled by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
TKe Hillcrest Dairy
means unemployment for your fellow
Fellow Workers
whether organized or not
don't be fooled by the
Fake Prohibition Act
it aims to steal your liberty.
Vote "NO"
Unions and Union Officers
Alike Make Definite
Admittedly One of the Best
Authorities on Subject
\     in Canada
THE TRADES unions of British Columbia, other than the non-affiliated
railway brotherhoods seem to bo more
thnn ununimous in asking for the appointment of Jes. H. MeVety, president
of the B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
upon the commission of three to administer the new Workmen's Compensation
Act in this province. So far aB the organization of the department, necessitating the appointment of the commissioners, is concerned, the act becomes
effective on Oct. 1, less than two
months away; though the workers covered by the measure will have to wait
till .Tan. X, 1917, before participating in
its benefits.
, Many and Worthy EndorsalUons.
First of all, Mr. McVety was elected
aB the choice of the TradeB and Labor
Congress of Canada, out of a field of
five, at the Vancouver convention last
September, a decision which was made
unanimous. Then followed the B. C.
Federation of Labor, which also elected
Mr. McVety as its president to Bucceed
President Watchman, the latter having
been elected as vice-president of the
Trndes and Labor Congress of Canada.
Soon after the bi-annual convention of
District No. 6, of the Western Federation of Miners, nt Trail last March, took
similar aetion. And only laBt week the
national convention of the Federated I
Association of Letter Carriers added
their endorsation of Mr. McVoty by a
unanimous standing vote. The same day
President MeVety was elected by Vancouver Trades and Labor council as its
delegate to the Toronto convention of
tho Trades and Labor Congreas of Canada, which convenes on Sept. 25,
Sec.-Treas. Wells from Old Country.
A. S. Wells, secretary-treasurer of the
British Columbia Federation of Labor,
who ia in England at present as a delegate from the Amalgamated Carpenters'
orgnnization in Canada, writes, under
date of August 1": "At this time I am a
'long wny from B. C but still take an
active interest in British Columbia affairs, as secretary-treasurer of the B. C.
F. of L., and ns I am receiving The B.
C. Federationist regularly, I feel that I
must nt this time register my protest
against tho action of the rnilroad brotherhoods in trying to get one of their
members as the commissioner to represent Labor on the Workmen's Compensation Act commission. As nil members
of organized labor in British Columbia
know that Bro. McVety and I have, on
many ocensions differed nnd still differ
on some subjects. But as the representative of -the B. C. F. of U. I voice my
protest, and personally I am of the
opinion that there is no mnn in the
movement in British Columbia more
capable of representing organized labor
on the commission to be named thnn .T.
H. McVety. I voice my protest as tho
secretary-treasurer of the B. C. F. of L.,
and wish to point out that it was the
desire of the last convention, by unanimous vote, that Bro. McVety should represent Labor. And as nn individual
momber of organized labor, I wish to
protest against the action of the rnil-
rpnd brotherhoods, who, with the exception of the Rnilwny Trainmen, have
never assisted the Federntinn in its efforts to securo an adequate Workmen's
Compensation Act, a work which had
been carried on for years, nnd was only
rewarded at last session by the enactment of the present act. Surely, thon,
we should also hnve the right, both logi-
enlly nnd morally, to sny who Bhould
represent Labor, especially when we not
only claim to, but DO represent all
branches of Labor through the B, C,
Federation of Labor."
"Jimmie" Roberts for McVety.
There are fow trade unionists in the
Kodtenays better known than "Jim
mie" Roberts of Moyie. As an ovi
deuce of his ability and the confidence
placed in him by the membership of the
Western federation of Miners, it might
be mentioned that only a few weeks ago
Mr. Roberts wns elected by the W. F.
of M. convontion as one of the four
delegates to the American Federation
of Labor convention, to be held at Baltimore, Maryland, jn November, Under
date of Aug. 17, "Jimmie" writes: " .
. . In perusing The Federationist, I
notice there are several gentlemen aspiring to the office of commissioner on
the board to be appointed to administer
the new Workmen's Compensation Act!
Well, there may be aspirants and aspirants, but in my opinion "Jim" McVety is the man lor the job. I have
during my connection with the Labor
movement in this province, had some
experience with compensntion matters,
and have met some of the men who
havo given the question the closest
stddy, nnd I have no hesitation in saying that Jas. H. McVety is one of the
best authorities on all matters pertaining to Workmen's Compensation I ever
knew. He iB therefore the logicnl man
for the place on the board. Speaking
for the metalliferous minera in thiB province, I may Bay that wo have every
confidence in McVety being fully qualified to look after our interests, nnd I
hope the government will give heed to
the nlmost unanimous desire of Labor
and appoint him as a commissioner."
McVety Choice of These Unions.
Among the organizations which have
endorsed J. H, McVoty for the position
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
B. C. Federation of Labor.
Western Federation of Miners (District fi), Kootenay and Boundary.
United   Mine  Workers  of  America
(District 18 executive) Crows Nest.
Federation Association of Letter Carriers,
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council.
Victoria Trades and Lnbor Council.
Prince   Rupert   Trades   nnd   Labor
New Westminster Trades and Labor
Rossland Miners' Union.
Victoria Letter Carriers' Association.
Vancouver Letter Carriers' Association.
Vancouver Longshoremen's Union.
Vancouver     Street     Railwaymen's
New   Westminster   Street'   Railway-
men's Union.
Vancouver Machinists' Union.
Vancouver Patternmakers' Union.
Vnncouver Painters' Union.
Vnncouver Elecrical Workers' Union.
Vancouver Typographical Union.
Vancouver Tailors' Union.
Vancouver Bricklayers' Union.
Vancouver Hod Carriers and Gonoral
Laborers' Union.
Vancouver Cooks and Waiters' Union.
Vancouver Moving Picture Operators'
Vancouver Musicians' Union,
Vancouver Stage Employees' Union.
Vancouver Telegraphers' Union.
Vancouver Boilermakers' Union.
Vnncouver  Brotherhood   of Carpenters' Union.
Vancouver   Sheet   Metal   Workers'
Vancouver Garmenf Workers' Union.
Vancouver Bnrbers' Union,
Vancouver Brewery Workers' Union.
Vancouver Bartenders' Union.
The Dream of "Jim Larkin"
and the Martyrs of the
Irish Revolt
Railway President Sweats
Blood at Thought of
[By W. M. C.]
Plantation Methods Prevent
Organization and Cause
Many Runaways
Respectable. Miners Leaving
Plague-stricken Area in
Phona Seymour 4480
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0.
Established 1904
We operate our own distillery
at Now Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making are prepared with
great care from the best selected
gruinB that money can buy.
Don't forget whon ordering
from your grocer to ask for the
B. C. article.
Vinegar Works
Telephone High. 286
of the labor market thnn to the intelligence of the workers who tacklo
working for the Granby grabbers itt
Anyox, without the protection of a trude
union, this bunch of modern American
labor-skinners are having troubles of
their own. They hnve "acquired" huge
mining properties; they possess machinery aplenty; they have a juicy war-time
market price for their product. But
with u)l these and without wage-workers they nre useless. The wage-worker
is the one thing they must hnve in their
"business" otherwise there is nothing
to "enrry on." With no organization
the job-seekers are about fed up with
present conditions. As one correspondent at Stewart, B. Oi, writes: "Thanks
to the little old Fedorationist, soon the
'people may know.' " Continuing this
ex-employee of the Granby Co. says:
Slaves Harder to Catch Now.
" # * * It might be interesting
to you to know that the Granby compnny of Anyox, Granby bay, Hnd it
liiinl, nlmost impossible to keep minors
working at the Hidden Creek mine
there. Thoy have very few white moil
and tlie number dooms to be continually
decreasing. Tlie principal reason for
their inability to keep men is the faot
that tlie fund Borved to thom is quite
unfit for human use on account of th
cooking, and when tho writer left there
u short time ngo it wns much worse
thnn at nny previous time. Hour bread,
tough moats, potatoes burned beyond
recognition or so greasy that an Indian
could not digest them. Eggs tliut have
a rather offensive way of indicating
their presence, uncooked or partly cook
ed oatmeal, aad everything else in
nbout the samo condition. Discontent
is plainly written on the faces of tho
men who ure obliged to eat such food.
Anyox Worst of All Camps.
"The writer hus spent eighteen yenrs
ia tlie hills of British Columbia, ns welt
us several years in Montana nnd Idaho,
and in his opinion the food served at
Anyox by the Granby Co. to their miners is the most dangerous and moBt disgusting ho over encountered. Not only
have the mon to contend with bad cooking, but unsanitary conditions in the
boarding-house as woll. Tho dishes aro
many times almost unwashed. At any
rate they arc far from clean. The whole
dining-room being in charge of u band
of evil-looking sons of China. No white
man to he seen. It is really too bad
that such a state of affairs exists in
Cnuuda. It iH almost unbelievable.
There are every signs of impending
*"P HIS IS THE resurrection—and this
* is tho life. The bunk-house of a
mining camp is sure one fine palatial
mansion^ und the brilliance of the con*
'venation is enough to stnrt a revolution
most anywhere —even in the Saudun
Miners' union.
Truly Irish.
Just what were tho real facts of the
Irish revolt, and ihe aim, has been a
puzzlo to many. And where James Connolly got off at. Connolly, it will be
remembered, was for somo time editor
of the I. W. W. Solidarity; possessed a
remarkably clear understanding of. the
working class position; and was an unflinching rebel. And paid tho price. In
an article appearing in a recent issue of
The Masses, Jim Larkin, of "Fiery
Cross" fame, who is at present touring
America, says, of the insurgents, "The
ultimate aims of their work and endeavor, as aet down in tho declaration they
signed, and which Connolly and myself
drafted, was to set up a co-operative
commonwealth in Ireland, based on industrial democracy." Which is a condition we would sure like to see established everywhere. But the plot thickens! Where do the German transport
and Casement come in! About all that
can be said is, "Thoy acted like true
Irishmen.'' Their intentions were good,
but .
How' to Do It Quickly.
At last havo we discovered the quickest and most efficient method to finish
the war. During the first ten months of
the wnr tho Northcliffo press annihilated seven million Huna. The idea is
now being promoted that Northcliffo
and hia staff be given a free hand to
despatch, the remainder in whatever
manner they may think fit.
Henry Gorges Himself.
Here is good news for tho Hy Dubbs
who are busily chasing a job. A tory
M. P., Mason, lately remarked in tho
British house of commonB that "tho
working class iB oating far moro than
is good for them." For goodness sake,
fellows, diet yourself, or you won't even
bo fit for the trencher
Should Say So.
Here is an enlightening piece of information screwed out of President
Smith, of the L6uisvillo ond Nashville
Railway compnny, by the Interstate
Commerce commission: "It is nn exceedingly difficult matter to protect tho
property of a large corporation from
confiscation by tho peoplo."
"By whnt people?" asked Mr. Folk.
"By the people of those states, acting through their law-making bodies.
Yoa know all men arc freo and equal,
but wo could not got along without our
plutocrats. Under our form of government it is permissible to do anything
necessnry to get nnother man's property, provided you can keep out of
Why Don't They?
Why in thunder don't "our plutocrats" pass a law abolishing jails, and
not worry themselves so much trying to
keorj out of them. However, the information is very useful, as the working
class is liable to tnke a fool notu/n one
of these days "to do anything necessary" to get "our plutocrats' " property.
Somo of the hnrdest work is dono by
men who try to make a living without
hard work.
Some men beliovo that law is something that should bo employed to enforce their notions upon others.
Bald-headed men, who would never
admit a belief in miracles, have been
known to purchase hnir restorers.
If idle rumor did not mako work so
hard, Truth might como of tenor into
her own. *
A delightful combination
of Mocha and Java, grown
on tho beBt coffco plantations of tho world.
It   fairly   "warms   tho
cockles of your heart."
II -E30
^5Sh Of America  £}&
COmitHT &TMPI H>»KM8im«D 1803
/The ,
/Quality ^oes,
IH, before ihe
Damp ioes Oft
V      that's ay
The Government of Canada
gave thc J. Leckie Co., Ltd., an immense order for Boots for the Canadian Expeditionary Forces on the
strict'merits only of the goods themselves. *,
Only two Canadian shoe manufacturers produced a boot to withstand
all tho requirements of the army.
One of them was J. LECKIE CO.,
LTD., of _yancou\„.\
The "House of Leckie"
makes many kinds of Boots
for men and boys for various
purposes, but there only one
quality in them all —the
NAME on every pair—at
your dealers. I
Named Shoes we frequently made in Non-
Union Factories--Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unleu it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. Fi Tobin, Pres.    0. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whiiky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whiiky
William Teacher ft Bona, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Bock, Lithia Water
Dog'i Head, Bail and Ouinnen /
Oarnegiei Swedish Porter
Lemp'i Beer
0. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Milk Fresh from the Ranch to the Consumer
M. McNAIR, Prop.
Purity and Cleanliness Guaranteed     Delivered in sterilized bottles daily
>1 for ono year's inscription to Thc B.
G. Federationlet. will be milled to any ad-
4 f\   rHTTn     mS   a   nr\rt("   reui-rauoriiKi    wui   ue
10 SUB. CARDSsaWrcsJ*'a •<0o°'! *">wter"
liny.    Remit  when loltl.
Vota agalnat prohibition 1 boinand Marion*! liberty In choosing wbat you will drink
Ask (or thla Label whon purchAslnu Heor.
Ala or Porter, ai a jpiarantoo thM It la Un
lon Mado, Thla U oor Labol
Mrs. Brown Lewers
No other range has all the advantages of tha Gas Range,
and further that the Gas Company's service was excellent in
every way.
The range and service
are at your disposal.
Carrall and Hastings        Phone Seymour
1138 Granville Near Davie     5000 PAGE FOUR
-..AUGUST 28, 1918
Mens Shoe Sale
Offering genuine
6.00 and 7.00
values for
—an opportunity no man having a desire to economize should let pass unheeded. The Boots are by the
leading manufacturers in Canada and the United
States, with Goodyear welt sewn soles and uppers of
mahogany shade calf, tan calf, dull calf, fine kid and
patent leather. Sizes 5 to 11, and B, C. D and E
widths. Every shoe guaranteed to fit and to give
service. Actual $6.00 and $7.00
values. Special —     4.45
Ml^JiSsDniBauCornpans. M
"l^    J ____y__  \__     MJHWT twiiw! nasat tanmaattan      j   , ' ^-*^ ,
Granville and Georgia Streets
Capital »15,00l.,000        Best $13,600,000
Main Office:  Oorner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
..Cor. Fint Avenuo and Commercial Drlv.
,. Cor. Pender and Main Street.
,. Cor. Sixth Avenne and Oranvllle Street
,. Cor. Hasting, and Cambie Street.
.. Cor. Fourth Avenne and Yew Street
.. Cor. Eighth Avonue and Main Street
. Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
. Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraier Road
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenne and Esplanade
Are your teeth
in good order ?
AEE your teeth efficient! Have you your full equipment of thirty-
two teeth in good working order! Each one of them is important,
and you ennnot afford to do without a single one of them—your health
and efficiency depend on your teeth being able, to perform their function
completely.        PERMANENT CROWNS and BRIDGES
Beauty of expression as well as full efficiency restored—made to fit the
face—heavily cust in solid gold, with Medal of Honor Teeth.
$4. per tooth
Consultations and examinations free.
Telephone Seymour 3331.
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings, 7 to 8.
Office closed Saturday afternoon.
mj "S^jsg:  Dr. Brett Anderson
ods most modern ^ , _ ..    „    . „ t
known to dental **™ and Bridge Specialist
Uuion Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 90S Twenty-fourth Avenue East.  Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
Why Is theWhiskey Combine
So Anxious to Defeat the
British Columbia Prohibition Act?
Do you suppose, for one moment, they have opened
the gigantic "boodle" barrel to defeat the bill if the
bill did NOT prohibit?
^"TT WHOEVER heard of n liquor crowd advocating a Pro-
■ II hibition Act? Still, tho Whiskey Combine in British Co-
jj luntbia would havo YOU believe that. They brazenly tell
you that Prohibition is nil right, but that, thc British Columbia
Prohibition Act does NOT prohibit. Jn subslance they say:
"We, thc Whiskey Interests, believe in Prohibition, but wc
want an Act; which WILL prohibit—not thc present British
Columbia Prohibition Act."
Think of that for one moment!
Imagine the Whiskey Combine spending their "boodle" barrel to secure an Act for British Columbia which DOES prohibit.
Thc Whiskey Combine evidently considers thc people of British Columbia arc brainless, unthinking fools.
The British Columbia Prohibition Act DOES prohibit. It is the BEST Prohibition Act in all Canada.
healthy bodicB nnd clennor minds.
Tho adoption of, the British Columbia Prohibition Act will bo
tlio douth-blow to bur rooms, saloons, nnd houses of ill-fume.
The Whiskey Combine KNOWS
it. The people of British Columbia KNOW it.
The plueing in forco of the British Columbia Prohibition Act
means the elimination of British
Columbia's great est wasto. It
means more prosperity for every
man, womon and child within our
borders.   It means happy homes,
The adoption of tho British Columbia Prohibition Act will mean
a saving to the people of Vancouver alone of nearly $5,000,000.00
por annum.
Don't allow the Whiskey Combine to confuse you!
Vote FOR the Act, and share in the prosperity which
will follow its adoption.
Mark Your Ballot Thus:
Are you ln favor of bringing
ttae    "British
Columbia   Prohibition Act
Into force7
Labor Legislation Is Always
Turned Down by the
Straws Showing Which Way
the Anti-Liquor Wind
Is Blowing
[By John L. Martin]
I HAVE JDST como into possession of
t tho B. C. Prohibition Act, shortly to
rcccivo tho verdict of tbe people of
British Columbin. It is well thnt the
workors of tho provinco should givo
thnt particulnr pioco of legislation every
thought and consideration before thoy
express their jadgmont. And not only
the bill itself, but tho poople who would
hnvo thnt particular brand of state morality fastened on them. Apart from its
serious consequences, tho prohibition
movemont is just as ridiculous, ns a
movement on tljo part of vegetarians to
abolish butcher stores. It is organized
insanity on one hand and injustice on
the^ other, masquerading in the guise of
political and religious subterfuge, and
justifies tho contempt of all right-thinking people.
Appeal to Labor.
Soon its supporters will be appealing
to the working class to support it. Thoy
will, with great show of puritanism,
point out the alleged wrongs contingent
to the liquor traffic. They will toll with
great show of sincerity of how drink,
makes thom unmoral, insane, poor and
Anally kills .them. They will bo approached by blood-woshod parsons nnd
graft-soaked politicians, who will tell
them that tho only hopo for a whiskey-
soaked humanity is prohibition. Thoy
will appeal to their emotions, usually a
tender spot in tho wngo sieve's mako
up. They will also try to make the
scheme appear reasonable to what groy
matter the slave may happen to have.
Great sorrow will be expressed for tho
poor down-trodden, who are alleged to
be in that condition through drink, and
some of the easily misled slaves will
take them seriously. Oratory and rhetoric will flow in nbundnnco. All this and
sundry will bo practiced on the workers
between now nnd when tho voto is
tnkon. Just how successful they will
be remnins to be seen.
The Real Attitude.
It would bo well, howover, to find*
out whnt is tho roal attitudo of these
peoplo to tho workers. Are they as
Bincoro for tho welfare of humanity as
thoir groat show of righteousness might
indicnte. Well, wo will soe what thoir
comrades in tho light for prohibition do,
elsewhere, and whnt they think nnd do
in regnrd to tho workers' welfare in
othor places.
We would take whnt was dono in tho
Stato of Oregon, ns one oxnmplo. In
1914, they carriod a referendum for
state prohibition. ^ Yet when it came to
voting on tho universal eight-hour day
on tho same ocension, their much-vaunted righteousness forsook them and fled.
Thoy nllowed thot to go down to defeat,
as they did nlso a referendum for nn
eight-hour day and better room ventilation for female workers. Another referendum that thoy expressed littlo concern for was tho right to work amendment erenting n department to give
work to tho unemployed. Prohibition
received 130,842 votes, whilo the universal eight-hour day received only 49,.
380, which goos to show that there were
quito a large number, who while seeking the support of workingmen for prohibition, wore not so much concerned in
a shorter day for them. The oight-hour
day for women and better ventilation
met a similar fate, only receiving 88,-
480. If tho 130,842 who voted fo" prohibition had voted for the throe labor
referenda, they would hnvo been carried. As it was thoy allowed them to
go down to defeat.
Anti-Eight-Hour Say.
The samo ean bo said of tho Stato of
Washington. Thoy also enrriod prohi-
bition in 10l1]*and nllowed on the snmo
occasion, a referendum for nn oight-
hour day to bo dofoatcd. Thoro was
another making it compulsory for first
aid to bo provided by employers for
their employees in hnznrdous omploymont. In thoir anxiety to havo a righteousness established in tho stato by pro-
NOTE—ThlB spies Is paid for from a fund mads up of voluntary contributions of men
and woman who believe ln the abolition of tb e degrading liquor trafflc.
Coal Miners
Dry Steady
Mine Work
(Six Days a Wook)
5-foot flat seam; union wages.
North American Collieries
Refined Service
One Block west of Court Houi»,
Use   of  Modern  Chnpel  and
Funeral   Parlors   free   to  all
Telephone Seymour 2426
"They Are Front-laced"
THE well-dressed woman ever keeps in
mind two things when
selecting her corset. Her
first thought is of its
smartness, and secondly,
its comfort. The Frolaset
very ably affords these essentials. There is a Frolaset Corset for every type
of figure and for every
purpose. The range of
styles provides ample
scope for satisfactory selection. If you are one of
the many who are interested in corsets of superior merit, make it a point
to inspect the Frolaset
models. Our experienced
corsetieres will show you
a suitable style and will
gladly give you a trial fitting. The prices are from
$3.25 to $15.00 a pair.  .
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
Vancouver—Ofllce and Chattel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3486.
North Vancouver — Office and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. Weat, Phone
hibition, thoy evidontly forgot tho long
hours and hazard* of the workers. Hnd
the 180,840 who wanted a dry stato
voted for the 8-hour day and flrst aid,
they would have been carried. It is an
other example of how much these people are concorned for human betterment.
Anti-Child Welfare.
Just one more example, that of Colorado, the state made notorious by the
murder of innocents nt Ludlow. In
thnt state in 1914 there were 129,
who wanted a dry state, and got it. Yet
a referendum providing for the establishment of a child welfare commission,
was defeated, it only recoiving 68,242.
This shows thnt nearly half of tho prohibitionists didn't bother their heads
about child welfare. The poor children
beforo the election, were the objects of
very much concern on the part of the
prohibitionists, but they were very
much left to themselves, when it came
to the voting.
Always Anti-Labor.
Coming back to British Columbia,
have thoHo now backing prohibition
over taken part in any real j'ust cause in
the history of the provincof Where
were theyand thoir pleas for righteousness during tho Vancouver Islnnd
strikef They were remarkably silent
for the most part. When have they at
any^ time lined up with tho workers in
their struggle for bettor conditions?
They hnve fnilod to concern themselves
with labor problems in tho past, and
there is every probability that such indifference will be repeated in the future.
This is not so much an argument ngninst
prohibition, ns it is an attempt to d»B-
abuBe the minds of the British Columbia
workers, who may hnve fallen under the
sway of the political saviours now urging prohibition. It is so easy to fool
the workor, that ho becomes.tho easy
victim of any old politicnl clap-trap.
The prohibitionist soon, with woll lubricated words, will bo prating of "righteousness," ",-justice, "better times under prohibition," and whnt not. Don't
let the workers be froljd on that score.
They hnvo been mnde the tools of certain political factions for long enough,
nnd it is well nigh timo for them to do
thoir own thinking.
Trade Notes—Universal Working Oard
—Street Rallwaymen's Wages.
Representatives of labor recently visited Lindsay, Out., the sit'o of the new
Dominion arsenal, and they feel, nfter
tnlktng the matters over with the contractor that things will be so nrranged
that tho workers will be satisfied with
conditions in tlie new buildings.
The carpenters nro talking of the
feasibility of a universal working card.
Thoy are nlso nftor a wage increase.
The quarterly statement of the secretary of Typo, union No. 01 shows that
organization to be in a healthy condition. Tlie membership hns increased
from 1077 on April 30, to 1100 on July
81, while the receipts also show a generous balance over expenditures.
Tho Brewery Workers' union is meeting with gratifying success organizing
tlie soft drink and mineral water workers. The members have been so busy
of lato that they could not get together
for a meeting on a week-day evening,
bo they held tlieir last meeting on Sundav.   It wns Ihe largest in yenrs.
Tho stroet railwaymen of tliis city
nro looking for an increnso in wnges.
Thoy are working at' present under a
maximum of 22 cents por hour. Tho
new scale will call for 25 cents per hour
as a maximum.
If advice woro as easy to follow as
it is to give, wouldn't this bo a different world, though!
President of B. C. F. of L.
May Be the Labor
Day Speaker
Central Labor Body Discuss
Many Things Affecting
PRINCE RUPERT, B. C, Aug. 19.-
The last Trades and Labor council
meeting wns woll nttondod and interesting from different viewpoints. Tho
fact that ono of tho members of the
legislative committee nad seen flt to
identify himself so prominently with
the Conservative cause, as to become
the nomineo of tho Hon. Wm. Manson,
did not take well with the Trndes and
Lnbor council, and this wns possibly
ono of the reasons why tho nttondunco
was so good. When tho question enmo
before the council the delegato was
severely criticized for his action, the
opinion boing freely asserted that the
delegate had beon ill-ndvised in the
courso he had pursued. The fnct that
it was only the lack of sufficient
funds which prevented the Lnbor movement from placing a candidate in opposition to both parties, mado this the
more striking. However, I think the
discussion will havo a beneficial effect
on the futuro action of officers of tho
Fish Packers' Union.
Organizer Thompson reported the
completion of the organization work of
the Fish Pnckers' anion, with a membership larger than flrst anticipated.
Labor Day Celebration.
Labor Day promises to be royally
celebrated if plans which the committee
(Messrs. O. Rudderhnm, L. W. Reilly,
G. Wnddell, — Smith, T. Cartwright,
Geo. Wnugh, W. E. Thompson, J. Jones
and J. R. Beatty) have in hand, aro
carried to a successful issuo, and thero
is not one reason in tho world why they
won't, because the membors of the
abovo committee have all reputations
for being "live wires,"
McVety for Labor pay.
The statoment haB been mnde that J.
H. McVety intends paying a visit to thc
northern portion of British Columbia in
tho near future. If this is correct the
council will ondeavor to havo tho presidont of tho B. C. Federation of Labor
tho feature of the Labor Dny celebration in this city.
Orientals Up North, Too,
Thc Oriental committeo reported further progress. Additional work was allotted to tho committee,. The question
of Orientals selling garden prodtico and
othors collecting laundry on Sundays
will be looked into.
Congress Delegateship.
Tho question of Bonding a dolegato to
the Trndes and Lnbor Congress of Cnnndn, which will meet this yoar in Toronto, enmo up for discussion. It was
decided to lay the mntter on the tablo
until the next regular meeting. Several
of the delegates were of the opinion
thnt with tho expense necessnry to send
one delegato to Toronto used for representation of the next convention of tho
B. C. Federation of Lnbor, orgaaized
labor in this northern pnrt of thc province would be the gainer.
As to the Half-holiday.
In regnrd to the notion tnken by tho
Retail Merchants' association, in deciding on Wednesday ns tho recognized
half-holiday tho council resolved: That
the Trades and Labor council go on ro-
cord as still being in favor of the Snturdny half-holiday, nnd that during the
next municipal enmpnign that they
enter it in favor of Snturdny afternoon
being the day chosen for tho holiday.
It was decided to orgnnizo a municipal campaign fund. A nnmbor of suggestions wore offered which gave promise of bringing about tho desired results.
Thc vnlne of somo mon is estimated
in dollnrs nnd some in senso.
Delivered to any part of the city.
Furniture and Pianos
Moved or Stored
at reasonable rates.
Phonos Soymour 405, 005.   Night
und Sundny cnlls, Sey. 3589.
Great Northern Tramfer Co.
(McNeill, Welch & Wllion, Ltd.)
80 Pender St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Phone High. 21
Factory 801 Powell
Sunday Sailings
Spend Your Sunday on
the Water
lenvea Johnson wharf at 0.30 a.m.
overy Sunday for Gowen Point
(W. P.), Roberts Creole, Wilson
Creek, SECHELT, and Half Moon
Bay. Returning, arrive nt Vancouvor about 8 p.m,
This is tho finest outing on the
const for picnics, otc. Full particulars, phono Sey. 4230.
Stanfield's Winter Under-
wear Is Here for Men
Going Away
Men going to the prairies or anywhere else where they are
apt to want warm underwear will be glad to know that we havo
our entire Winter stock just in and that they ean take their
favorite brand away with them.
Yes.j we have your kind—"Blue Label," "Black LabeV'
"Red Label," and the smoother kinds.
Wc aro right on the price, because wc buy more Stanfield's
than any store in Vancouver, consequently our values must be
riBht- —Main Floor, East Wing.
David Spencer Limited
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
m§b»vp- & sus-aa. %• •■. •••••• '■•■•'•' '••£?■
BUBKABD PUBLISHING CO., 711 Sejmeur '.Street •&■&'.' llll
OLABKE *  STOABT,  820 Seymour StSst   .....         ""-— ,888S
S^K^:::*::.:-;; .:•••'••'•'•'• :;:::£
K£RvM^^^ ::••••:•• ••••#«
fa_^__-_^-^__M~-r :::;'::::';;:;:';:rfH
THE STANDABD, Homer*Streot   h„™ , MJ!
THOM80N STATIONEBY, 825 Halting. W    i»8E2 ,tli
TIMMS, A. H„ 230 Fourtionth Ave. E ...,'... iSl™™. lo6?.
WESTERN PRESS, D29 Cordon W...       ai™™   £'£
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 331 De__i St,       im—f. 3»SJ
WHITE & BINDON, 528 Ponder Weit .....;.'. '.'.....".'..."."i ^yEJ l"'
Write "Union L»b«l" on Tour Copy when Tou Bend It to tbe Printer
Large, Modern 12,000 ton Stoamcrs,—enrrying Cabin and Third ClaBs only
xAugust 25th SS. "Oornishman"
•"September 0th SS. "Northland"
xSeptember 17th SS. "Welshman"
*September 23rd SS. "Southland"
*OaMn, $55.00! third clans, »33.75.   xOargo only.
Sailings of SS. "Canada'' trill he announced later.
For further information, apply to Company's office, 010 Second Avo.,
Senttlo, A. E. Disney, Agont; or locnl mil nnd steamship agents.
Prohibition Act
Rich Man's Law
It places absolutely no limit or restriction on the
right of the rich man to purchase his liquor by importation or otherwise.
The Act Is Directly Aimed
at the Workingman and the
Man of Modern Means
Particularly so if he happens to be either a boarder
or lodger or if his means will not permit of his importing liquor.
Read The Act


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items