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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 17, 1916

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Array THE!
$; *•>.      Vancouver, b. a, Friday, November n, lm
(In Vancouver\
Olty $2.00  )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Earnings  of  Workingmen
Cut One-third Since
War Began
High Cost of Living Chief
Topic of Discussion
[By L. E. Dennison, Toronto]
TORONTO, Nov. 13.—"The Decline
of tho Dollar, or the High Cost of
Living," Ib the dominant noto in almost
every conversation ono takes part in
these days, aside from war questions.
The dollar has shrunk, in its purchasing
powor, to 67 centa in the city of Toronto
in two years, when used to purchase
food. This shrinkage in valuo falls particularly heavy on the workingman, who
spends a higher percentage of his in-
eome on food than doos the professional
or business man.
The following table, appearing this
week in a dally paper of this city, is of
interest: ,
1st Weok, Nov., 1914.
Bread, 3*lb. loaf, 10 cents	
Milk, 21 tickets for $1	
Milk, one pint 6 cents.
Will Again Cast in Their Lot
with the Rest of the
Real Unions
Will Also Start Lively Campaign for Two-Platoon
Genera! seeretsry of Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council,   and  a  delegate   from  the
Civic Employees' union.
Electrical Workers Busy.
Business Agent'' Teddy' * Morrison of
the Electrieoi Workers, reports nearly
all the mcrabcrshiup fully employed, the
exceptions being amongst the inside
workers. Trade conditions are the beBt
in many years, and everything considered, thore is no kick coming.
Every trade unionist vote in Vancouver city should sign the'civic firemen's
1st Week Nov., 1016     80     per cent.
»3-lb. loaf, 18 cents	
.-18 tickets for $1  20     per coat.
      . ..One pint, (i cents       Increase
Batter (creamery), one pound 30c One pound, 45 conts  60     per cent.
Sugar (standard), 20 lbs. $1.37 20 pounds, $1.(34	
One pound, 7 centB One pound, I) cents  28% per cent.
Rolled oats, one stone, 49 cents One stone, 66 cents  14.28 per eent.
Coal, $8 a ton $8.60 a ton     0.25 per cent.
Ejga, freBk, 38 cents a dozen 42 to 60 cents a dozen.... 21     per cent.
Lard, 15 cents a pound 22 conts a pound  46.6   per cent.
Cheeso, 20 cents a pound 26 cents a pound  30     per cent.
Salt, 3 bugs for 14 cents 3 bags for 14 eents No increase
Meats, average riBO iu retail prices :....    20     per cent.
Potatoes, peck, 14 cents...
...Peck, 38 cents 171.45 per cent.
Flour, Five Roses, quarter bag, 03c Quarter bag, $1.53  64.5  per cent.
Monarch Flour, quarter bag, 83c Quarter bag, $1.35  62.6   per cent.
Family Flour, quarter bag, 70c Quarter bag, $1.20  71     per cent.
PttBtry .Flour, quarter bag, 80c Quarter bag, $1.25  56.25 per cent.
Canned Corn and PeaB, 3 tinB 25e 3 tins for 36 cents  44     per cent.
Canned Vegetables, average increase  45     per cent.
Average increase    48.90 per cent.
Note—Beof is about the only meat which has remained stationary, but
other meats show an increase in retail prices of from 15 to 25 per cent., or
an average of 20 per cent.
The housekeeper now has to pay $1.49*
for that which she paid $1 for two years I
ago. And this increase is always on the
move. Almost every Ume one goes to
the grocery thero is a cent added here
and thero to staple...
Thero must be considered with thi
shrinkage in the purchasing power of
tho dollar tho' roup wage* aad tho nominal wage. The nominal wage is the
money one gets for one's labor; the real
wage is the value of the money whon
purchasing the necessities of life. And
one can readily seo that unless the contents of the pay envolopo has kt.pt pace
with tho upward trend in the prices of
food, clothing, etc., that the working-
man is worse off now than two years
ago, with the exception that work
Central Body Active,
The Trades aud Labor council has
urged the eity council to take up the
matter of the high cost of living. They
have dono so. Thore have been committees appointed to gather data on
both tho coal and bread questions. One
remedy suggested is for people to bake
their own bread. Thero was some talk
of tho city establishing coal yards, but
they havo not done bo us yet. Tho com-
mitteo on tho coal question reported that
•-»coal at anything over $8 a ton for anthracite was excessive, bo the coal remains at about that figure. The Trades
and Labor council hus asked tho mayor
to call a muBB meeting to voice thc
viows of the people on tho high cost of
living, but it has not done so aB yet. The
council will call a meeting if tho mayor
does not act in the matter.
How acute the matter is may bo gathered from the fact that Ontario is now
thc dearest provinco in tho Dominion as
regards food. In this connection tho
financial statement of the Ogilvie Flour
Mills Co., which shows that for the past
year tho milling firm netted "profits
for the year, after payment of bond in
torost und after making provision for
the war tax for two yearB to Aug. 31,
1916, of $774,270.12," makes interesting
A Popular Appointment.
Miss Bessie j. McKenna, M. A., of
St. Thomas, Out., hns been appointed
supervisor of Female Labor for Canada,
' Miss McKonna has been studying tho
needs of women workors in Toronto for
the past six years, and should be thoroughly conversant with her work. The
Trados and Labor council decided at
their laBt meeting to havo the exocutive
committee investigate tho conditions of
female workers in the munitions industry. Tho executive committee will tako
steps to havo gathered at first hand information the wages being paid to women workers, and tho conditions under
which thoy are working. This may bo
brought to the notice of the now supervisor at once for action.
That the Workers on Their
Return Destroy the
Profit System
Message of Harry Gosling
at A. F. of L. Baltimore
For the saine reason that Vancouver
and other British Columbia fire chiefs
belong to and attend the conventions of
tho Pacific Fire Chiefs' association, and
also to tho International Fire Chiefs
association, with headquarters at Roanoke, Virginia, the members of Vancouver's fire department have come to the
conclusion that they too must organize
along similar lines. True, in 1911, they
tried this form of organization, but the
aldermunic mind predominated and certain concessions were granted the firemen in return for the surrender of their
The firemen know better now. They
havo learned their lesson in the school
of experience. Once they were bereft
of an organization, they were soon the
legitimate prey for ward politicians, and
no set of mon in the civic service paid
more dearly for their mistakes. Wage
reductions and onerous working conditions followed in quick succession, Exasperated, the firemen listened to the
wiles of a *\Canadian" union malcontent, and decided to securo a charter
from that busted remnant of the days
of yore. They soon discovered, howover, thot it had nothing to offer them
but trouble.
Now the boyB have decided to get
right and start a campaign for improved
conditions—one that will not down.
They will, therefore, become afflliated
with the central labor body and soon be
ono of the fighting forces'in othor than
against property losses
A good live committee haB been elected, and the members nro this week opening their campaign. They will have tho
hearty co-operation of the central labor
body and trade unionists generally.
Organizing a Labor Party.
A number of tho leading Labor men
held a conference recently to consider
the proposal of organizing a Labor
party on the samo lines as the Labor
party of Great Britain. It was decided
to hold another meoting in tho near future, to which more of the representative labor men and social democrats will
be invited. The executive of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada has been
invited to report upon the advisability
of organizing a Labor party at the next
convention of tho congross, but there
aro men in all tho leading industrial centres of Canada who nre urging that the
party get going before tho next federal
elections, At Niagara Falls the trades
unionists and socialists havo united for
political action.
Trade Conditions.
''All bnt ono of tho big jobs aro now
union, and we are after this one." This
is the slogan of the officers and members
of tho Carpenters' union, who havo been!
doing such splendid work during tho
pnBt fow monthB to organize tho trade.'
That they havo succeeded is ovidenced
Thnt tho 1,500,000 organized workers
n tho United Kingdom of Great Britain
arc unnltorably opposed to taking part
in any peace negotiations, because it
might bo regarded by the kingdoni'B
enemies as a sign of weakness, was
the statement made by Harry Gosling,
one of tho English delegates to the convention of the American Federation of
Labor, now in session at Baltimoro, Md.,
on Tuesduy.
"Our one ray of hope through the
black outlook of the war," he added,
"is that the workers, on their return
to civil life, will throw over the hateful system which makes war possible
and inevitable."
Many Fraternal Delegates.
Other delegates from Great Britain,
Canada and Japan told the convention
of tho progress of trades unionism in
their respective countries. The Bpeakers
wore Wm. Whitofleld, representing mine
workora in the British Isles; Harry Gosling, representing the bargemen on English rivets nnd in English seaports;
Thomas I. Stevenson, of the Canadian
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
and B. Suzuki, representing tho Friendly Labor Society of Japan.
St John Longshoremen.
St. John Longshoremen have appointed n committee to confer with steam-
ship line heads to ask that nn increase
in wages, arranged to become effective
on May 1,1917, go into effect at the bo-
ginning of the winter port season now
about starting.
As Sung By the Masters of
British  Columbia
Flashes Along the Social Horizon Indicating the Harmony
of Interest Between Labor and Capital—While Employers Shiver with Fright Over the Scarcity of
Labor—Workers Are Demanding Advances
Gimernl organizer In Camilla fur Hid International Association of Machinists, who ha>
been on the coast for som. win ks, and i*
doing splendid work fnr his organization
He will instal n new local at New Westminster this evening.
100 Per Cent Organization
a Possibility of the
Near Future
Some Hints as to How to Get
More Shell Contracts
for B. C. Shops
Britannia   Contributes
Weekly Quota to the
by the large attendance at every local
union meeting. "It is indeed like the
old days," snid officials of the union,
when approached on the matter, "when
wo could hardly crowd tho members into
the largest hall. The only difference
wns that the wages are much better and
the hours shorter." A few years ngo
the carpenters worked for 30c an hour
and in some cases for less. The organizations have increased this to 45c and
50c an hour, with a decided improvement in genernl conditions for tho carpenters,
Tho Electrical Workers expect to
doable their membership between now
and tho flrst of the year. The Bricklayers aro fairly well employed. The
Shoot Meta] workers recently hold the
largest meeting in their history, and
took in the entire shop force of ono of
the largest sheet mctnl firms in thc city, UY       „U,„.W1 „_ lllllv wu„,u„„, ,,-, «„„■-
as well as several employees of a Arm n_\\,_] to do his trading thero. we fancy
tfcnf   lino    htf.iii4.irf 1—1    AUm     .. --"- -
thnt has hitherto nove,r recognized the
union.   All tho members of the Hoist-
ig and Portable Engineers aro working.
Two more employees of tho Britannia mines hnve been killed within the
last week. Threo others were seriously injured. These coBunlitics resulted
from the bursting of an air pipo at
the portal of tho mine, a piece of the
broken pipe swinging round and
knocking down the fivo men. About
nil tho comment that is made by the
local press is that "one of the men
killed was an Italian and the other a
Frenchman." One of the injured men
was brought to tho Vancouver General
Hospital, suffering with a broken leg.
Ah hus already been mentioned by
Tho Federationist, these mishaps aro of
not infrequent occurroncc at tho Britannia industrial shambles. Perhaps no
moro reckless indifference to the welfare of its employees is manifested by
any concern in British Columbia thnn is
thc enso with this Britannia bunch of
labor skinners, by courtesy termed
company. It has been more than hinted
that upon occasion the concern docs not
even go to tho trouble of letting tho outside world know too much about tho
killing and maiming that occurs within
its sacred precincts. When the killing
and crippling becomes of too great magnitude to be easily covered up with the
facilities at hand, or happens in such a
manner as to make it impossible to
cover it up, the outside world is taken
into tho company's confidence by shipping its by-product elsewhere for burial
or treatment; tho local press aiding in
tho good work of publicity by tho briefest poeaiblo mention, and that usually to
the effect that tho killed or injured are
merely foreigners. We sometimes wonder how long this killing and maiming
of slaves may be counted' on to continue without calling forth either attention or action upon thc part of the so-
called public authorities? One would
Burely think that at least something
might bo done to afford a greater safeguard and protection to the lifo nnd
limb of the worker, than is the cnBe at
present. Is it impossible to make these
modern Blavo pens, such as the Britannia, at least, as safe ns the trenches at
tho front? As it is it rather looks ns
though onlistmont for service at the
front would be far less risky thnn a job
at Britannia minoB. And whon prosent
pricos nt Britannin are tnken into consideration, coupled with tho fact thnt
overy worker nf thnt company is com
tho wage-earner would bo about as well
off financially, in tho trenches at the
front, as he would be dodging death at
the mines of the Britannin company.
Sufficient names have already boon
secured at New Westminster and Port
Mann to warrant the formation of a
new local in the Royal City," snid General Organizer Duncan McCallum, who
has been on the const for somo time, to
The Fedorationist this morning. "Tonight a few of the Vancouver boys are
going over with me to instal the new
local, in the Labor Temple there. With
tho few old membera already over there,
and tho new applications for membership I have received during the past
weok or two, we-are amply justified in
looking for a 100 per cent, organization
in the near f jture. It's so near unanimous now that it would be a shame to
let up till that objective is accomplished,
"We have moro than doubled our
membership in Vancouver during the
past two months, nnd the prospects arc
good for even more. All tho P. G. E.
men have been lined up, and are now in
our orgnnization. At Prince Rupert a
new charter may be issued, as thore is a
live bunch on the job up there.
As to Shell Contracts.
"I noticed an editorial iu tho Sun the
other morning quizzing certain persons
because of the lack of shell contracts in
Vancouver. If the Vancouver Board of
Trade would spend less timo dabbling in
politics and monkeying with immigration restrictions and devote more of it
to co-operating with our organization,
I'm certain we could show them how to
get war contracts for shell-making. The
lirst trouble is this: Thc wngo of our
membership in the east is invariably
higher than here. Naturnlly our men
want to work where the wages and conditions are best. Now, if the local machine shops and the board of trade and
tho Sun really want contracts, why not
co-operate with us? Other conditions
being equal, I think we could show the
contractors here how to secure contracts.
At any rato the experiment would cost
nothing, and it would bo such n refresh
ing change tbnt wo would feel like going more than hnlf wny to ensure re
suits. Wo can securo plenty of competent help, without tampering with the
immigration order-in-council, if locnl
manufacturers will meet the wnges aad
conditions obtaining in tho eastern provinces. British Columbia contractors
nre, without doabt, the worst offenders
in this respect in the Dominion of Canada. Wouldn't it bo a good idea to get
together and talk matters over?"
If Premier Bowser retires
next1 week and Premier-elect
Brewster assumes governmental control, The Federationist again suggests that
the first official act of the
new exocutive council should
be to "can" Chief Inspector
of Mines Graham, on the
grounds of gross incompetency and inefficiency. The
casualties of the past few
weeks in British Columbia
mines are increasing at an
alarming rate, and no time
should be lost in enforcing
existing laws governing the
operation of mines.
THAT EMPLOYERS of labor arc not slow to discover an advantage and seize it while the seizing is good, is such a well-known
fact that it seems almost an impertinence to even mention it.
That they are everywhere widely awake to thc necessity of crowding
wages down at every opportunity, is also well known. And who has
tho temerity to deny that wages even now are not criminally high,
that is judged from the standpoint of those who live and thrive by
doing nothing but rake in proflt from the toil and sweat of those who
do the world's work? Any one with half an eye can see that the less
thc wago the greater must be the proflt, hence it logically follows that
the wage, however small, must still be too high to allow of the maximum profit, and therefore an injustice is practiced upon the honest
seeker after wealth, via the proflt route. It does not take much of
a logician to see that. Wages are always too high. If the workers
were only sufficiently reasonable to work without either eating, sleeping or wearing, the very maximum of profit would accrue to the employing class. Its millenium would be here. This millenium is, however, in danger of being pushed far into thte future, if this present
ruling class blood madness is to continue much longer. At least that
is the way it looks now.
 -♦ A Woeftd Tito.
That the scare is being thrown into
the British Columbia brand of employers appears to be shown by the squawks
appearing in the daily press of this region. On Thursday of this week double
column heads announced the horrible
situation that existed in the interior of
the province, owing to the scarcity of
'labor. Mines and lumber mills are bad*
ly in need af more men.' "Leading employers" of labor have been driven, in
their dire extremity, to hold conference
with some political gent, who holds
down tbo office of National Service Director for British Columbia, whatever
that means, in ordor that this worthy
might perchance aid them in the alio*
viation of their sufferings. According
to this worthy, the Crow's Nest collieries neod fully SOO more men, and this
deadly shortage reaches sown into the
Boundary country, through the limitation of the coke supply for the copper
smelters and tbe copper capitalists thus
suffer untold anguish because tbey cannot get out more copper while the prico
is up above 30 cents. And tho poor
lumbermen havo a similar harrowing
tale to tell. Ono poverty-stricken
wretch of a lumber operator told the
"Director," that whilo he badly noeded
100 men, he could only get 15. And the
secretary of the Lumber Manufacturers'
association tells the same awful tale.
That they tell it with tears in tbeir eyes
may be readily understood when one
realizes tho onormous amount of nice
juicy swag thoy nre missing by not being able to corral the required number
of human chattels to properly harvest
the crop.
The Oat Out of me Bag.
Employers of labor, noblo souls they
aro, evory ono of thom, '' without exception, huve urged thnt the ban on the
admission of workers from the United
States be lifted." Suro pop; that's the
stuff.   The cat is out of the bag for fair.
Mover and Seconder Alone
Support Condemnation
Many Topics Up for Discussion Provides a Very
Lively Meeting
Department Heads Appear
to Discriminate Against
Union Men
The Civic Employees' Union
Gains in Membership
Old Union Miners Returning.
The number of metallferous minors
employed in British Columbin copper
properties is constantly increasing, and
most of the new-comers aro old-time
miners who left for the south when mining conditions were very bad as tho result of too much copper in tho world's
visible supply. If it is to maintain its
old-time reputation, it's about timo tho
Western Federation of Miners sont out
an orgninzer or two to look over the
bunch and seo thnt nil nro "doing their
bit" in the way of organization.
MONDAY,  Nov.  20—Boilermakers;    Elcctricnl   Workers   No.
213; Brewery Workers; Street
Rnilwnymen's Executive.
TUESDAY, Nov. 21—Amnl. Carpenters; Rnilwny Firemen;
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 22—Street
THURSDAY, Nov. 23—Press
FccderB Com; Machinists;
Milk Wagon Drivers.
FRIDAY, Novl 24—
ANOTHER FEW weeks nnd the muni,
cipal elections will bo on. Outside
of submitting a fow questions to sitting
members of the city council, no move
hns been made by organized labor to
take any part in tho campaign. Meantime the mania for "efficiency" continues among departmental hends, while
the aldermen are ns busily engaged in
planning how to keep wages whero they
nro and reduce the working forces.
The Civic Employees' union is grow
ing in membership daily. This dues not
seem to please the departmental heads,
cspcciully that of Street Superintendent
Morton (nn old ex-unionist himself, by
the way), who loses no opportunity to
punish u man for daring to belong to n
union and otherwise acting like n free
Thc members of tho eity council nre
making ti fairly good nttempt to eliminate petty ward politicians from thoir
sessions by linnding over thc administration of departments to depnrtmentnl
heads, and of Into there is some evidence
that this course is being followed, Tho
departments themselves, as a result,
have beon placed on a more practical
basis, in keeping with war times.
So far so good. The next step should
bo to mako a few chnnges in the departmental heads, changes that will work to
tho mutual advantage of nil concerned.
This brings one back to the subject of
municipal elections. How can the wnge-
workers of Vancouver, or nnywhoro else
for that matter, expect to have anything
to say in how civic departments arc conducted so long as they leave tlio job entirely in the hands of those who oro interested in economy und efficiency? If
Ihe lessons of tho pnst your hnvo not
been sufficient to convince uny worker
of tho necessity of taking part in municipal elections, the prospects nre all but
A few strong 100 per cent, unions are
good; a few live business agents are
better. But a business agent or two as
members of tho aldermanic board would
be best of all. What does organized
labor propose to do about it?
Charity funds in general and patriotic
funds in particular camo in for a good
deal of discussion at last night's meeting of Vancouvor Trades and Labor
council. The overwhelming opinion of
the delegates was that the Canadian
Patrintic fund should be maintained and
administered by the federal government
itself. At the previous meeting, Del.
Benson hod submitted a resolution condemning The Federationist for ita criticism, under date of Oct. 20, of the fund.
When it came up for discussion, Dell.
Dodd and Farris moved an amendment:
"That the explanation of Manager
Pettipiece in connection with the article
in question be accepted as satisfactory,
and that the motion be laid on tne
After over an hour's discussion, parti*
cipated in by more than a down delegates, in which all the ramifications of
charity funds were pungently dealt
with, the amendment carried with bnt
tho mover and seconder of the condemnatory resolution voting against.
Leckie Shoe Workers on Strike.
It wob reported to the council that
the employees of the J. Leckie Shoe Co.,
Vancouvor, about a hundred in number,
and not organized as a trade union, had
gone on strike yesterday afternoon.
They want n 20 per eent. increase in
wages, and two hours knocked off the
present ten-hour work day. Inasmuch
as the council had not the full particulars beforo them, and no real effort had
as yet been made to adjust the differences, the matter was left in tbe bandi
of tho council officers, they to co-operate in any way possible with tho strikers, with a view to reaching an agreement and organizing a permanent
branch of the Boot nnd Shoe Workers'
International union.
Civic Firemen Want Concessions.
A delegation from the civic firemen
asked for the assistance of the council,
along lines fully dealt with elsewhere
in this issue of The Federationist. Dols.
Midgley, Nagle, McVety and Sully were
named as a committeo to take up the
whole question with the firemen and report at next meeting.
Wages on Q. N. R- Station.
The special committee named at last
meeting to inquire into the wage conditions on tho new O. N, B. depot, with
Under no circumstances lot the ban I spe^ml reference to the plasterers, re-
(tariffj on foodstuffs bo lifted, for that ported that the question had been taken
would injure tho trade of our infant in- UP with Mayor McBeath, and that some
WiU Use the Union Label,
Thc Regal Shoo factory of Toronto
has signed a union agreement, nnd will
hereafter employ only union labor nnd
be entitled to the use of the label. Recently over fifty members were added.
Is your union affiliated with the B. C.
Federation cf Labor? If not got into
touch With Soc.-trens. A. 8. Wells, Box
1538, Victoria, without delay. He will
give ull the information desired.
dustrics, and thus reduce thc profits of
certain needy aad hard struggling capitalists. But by all means lift the bun
ngninst tbe freo importation of labor,
for "we," meaning of course, the deserving and needy employers, cannot
keep up the requisite amount of materials for the production of war munitions
unless "we" can got the men. "Recruiting in the Kootenay and Boundary
districts was stopped by the militia department several weeks ago because thc
districts has been so drained of men
that a serious decroaso in metal output
wus feared. These districts produce
zinc, lead and copper, all used in munitions, in adidtion to gold and silver."
Huving drained the country of men, by
recruiting, the only manner in which
the shortage can be made good is by
throwing down ull barriers in the way
of u cheaper grade of labor coming in.
It is well known thnt tho payment of
u wngo ut nil In conformity with the
rate of profit that these rascally cm-
ploying concerns are reaping out of
these wur conditions, would bring all of
the labor required to carry on thoir op-
erutions. But that would bo such u
gross violation of nil capitalist traditions, that even to suggest it to tho
nvernge capitalist would bo to cnll down
upon such capitalist the possibility of
sUdden death from heart failure.
The Plain Facts.
In spite of tho enormous number of
men that hnve boon removed from the
labor market for the purpose of being
sluughtered upon the fields of Mars,
thero is no scarcity of labor. If the
hungry profit fiends of industry will offer wages thut are any way reasonable,
when compared to the presont cost of
living, they will find a ready response
from the labor market. Thoro is an immense stock still available in thnt market. But what the employers really
want is to break tho price of the commodity, labor power, whilo they deem the
chances to bo more favorable on account
of the war. These blessed capitalists
are patriots, good ones, every ono of
them. Let there be no mistake about
thut. They urn guided solely in their
action by solicitude for their dear country, nnd its need of wur munitions, nt
the highest prices ever known in history. Perish tho thought that they arc
for a moment inclined to tnke any advantage of the opportunity afforded by
wnr conditions, to skin out a little extrn
profit for themselves. Their solicitude
for (he welfnre of labor and their love
for the laborers, it mny bo safely asserted, is as great, nB sincero and as
art felt now as it ever was. Of that
we may even feel positive. In fact there
an bc no doubt nbout it.
As Some Workers See It,
At least some of the workers feel that
now is tho accepted time tp get n better
price fnr their lubor power, and they
are mnking demands along that lino. If
tlieir patriotic musters nre Inking occasion to bask tn the glorious sunshine of
greater profits thnt nro mndo possiblo
out of tho horrors of this world wnr,
why should they not nlso tnke advnn-
(Continuod on page 2)
adjustments had already been mude as
a result. It was expected that other
complaints us to non-enforcement of the
contract with tho city would be looked
into without delay, and as soon as the
city solicitor got around to it, there
would bo immediate action on the part
of tbe city council.
As to Immigration.
The genoral demand being made by B.
C. employers for more and cheaper
labor, was commented upon by several
delegates, und some of them felt that
the immigration regulations were rather
lax. However, it wan found tbat, as is
the practice in other Canadian cities,
the immigration department authorities
were doing their duty fairly well
under thc circumstances, tho ollicers of
the central labor bodies being consulted
in most cases where demands were made
for exceptions to the federal order-in-
council prohibiting contract laborers
coming into tho province.
Heating of Street Oars.
A letter was received from City Clerk
McQueen, advising the council, in response to a letter, that the question of
huving street enrs heated had been referred to a special committeo, to investigate nnd report its findings to thc city
Soaring Prices of Foodstuffs.
Del. Wight, of tho Letter Carriers,
submitted a resolution culling upon the
federal government to authorize supreme court judges to hivostignto com*
plaints of inflated prices, throwing tho
burden of proof upon dealers, abolishing the power now vested in municipal
Letter Carriers Want Wage Increase,
It wns reported to tho council thnt
the Letter Curriers of Canada had asked
the federul authorities for a general increase iu wages of 50 cents per dny. The
request wns endorsed by the council.
Musicians Seek Affiliation.
A committee was nunied to meet tho
representatives of the local Musicians'
union, to talk over tho terms of renfli-
liation with tho central labor body.
Reports of Unions,
Del. Crawford reported that tho Sheet
Metnl Workers wero nil working, nnd
their membership iucrensing at each
meoting. Ho urged nil members interested in tho building trndes to attend a
meeting to be hold in the Labor Templo
next Tuesday ovoning, when trndo conditions would bc dealt with.
Dol. Midgloy reported covering tho
nlleged discrimination of certnin
civic departments against members of
the Civic Employees' union, Littlo satisfaction had been obtained from the
bonrd of works. Other methods would
be adopted to securo results.
Dol. Hanson of tho Moving Picture
Operator?, reported thnt thoy had juat
secured a raise of wages all round, and
that all tho "movies," save two houses,
had beon signod up, and he thought
these were on tho wuy,
Del. Stevens of tho Pressmen, report*
(Continued on page 2) PAGE TWO
..November 17, 19}S
Assets 196,000,000
Deposits    48,000,000
Household Banking
in Tho Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a groat convenience. Tlie occounts mny be
opened iu the names of husband
and wife, and either muy deposit
or withdraw money. Interest is
puid on these accounts twice a
,.    5,000,000
.    6,430,382
Paid  up e.pl .1 *
Re.orve  f!ind   . .
Comer Huntings and OamMe Sts.
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
H. Parm. Pettipiece...
Offlce:  Boom 217, Labor Temple,
lei. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:   $1.50 per ycnr:   in Vancouver
City,  $2.00;  to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00
Nen* Westminster W. Yoles, Box 1021
Princo Rupert W. E. Denning. Bo?: 531
Victoria A.  S.  Wolls. Box   1538
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
'Unity of Labor: tie Hope of the World'
..November 17, 1910
are among the trude unionists of
Greater Vaneoaver.
We WU1 Make Terms to
Suit You
Come in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture in
British Columbia.
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
Malleable   Saigas,   SheU   aal
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Pair, ttl
Broadway Theatre
Corner Main and Broadway
The Snbnrhan House  Beautiful
Where the whole family goos.
Untqwlltd VudsvUle Means
f.tt, T.OO. •:!•    leases'! Fsiesa:
lie;  lTiat-fs,  He.  Me.
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
'Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Preemptions of 160 aeree'
to Actual Settler*—
TERMS—Residence on the lead
for at least three yeara; improve*
ments to the extent of $5 per
ncro; bringing nnder cultivation
at least five aeres.
For further information apply to
Quality Supremo
Sou-Van Milk
Fair. 2624
Union Delivery
Seymour 4490
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0.
A PRESS censorship is maintained
in each of the warring countries
in order to prevont the publication of uny information that might in
any manner prove prejudicial to the successful prosecution of
HOW   *** the glorious game of
CANADA IS civilized warfare. The
GETTING RICH, establishment of such
censorship is an evidence of tho wisdom of those who ure
responsible for war, und points conclusively to the fuct that they full well
realize the necessity of covering up its
disgusting dotdils, if those who pny the
eost of the bloody game ure to bo kept
keyed up to the necessary piteli of enthusiasm und patriotic fervor to insure
the continuation of thoir payments. It
is tho mark of wisdom thut thero is no
censorship upon the glory of war, (but a
strict censorship upon its horrors ex-
pt, of course, upon those practiced by
the enemy. But while the wisdom of
rulers is great, in the matter of safeguarding their favorite pastime of
swashbuckling and war, the"same cannot always be said of them in many another particular. Take for instance the
matter of skinning wage-earners and
disposing of the plunder. Everybody
knows, that is if they know anything nt
ull worth while, that the very basis of
ull civilized warfare is to be found in
the plunder to be gathered from the toil
and sweat of .wealth producers. No wur
has ever been fought over anything else,
for the very simple reason that there is
nothing else to fight about. But in regard to the enslavement of tho toilers
and the magnitude of the resulting
ug, the rulers are not only so lacking
in ordinary common sense as to bo unable to see the necessity of covering it
up, but they are so exceedingly stupid
ns to mako as much noise aboat it as
they possibly can. They take extraordinary puins to publish it to the world,
evidently unconscious of the danger
thnt the slaves may nt somo time acquire sufficient intelligence to read and
understand, and will rise iiv rebellion
ngninst the infamies thut nre practiced
upon them.
* *       »
There is no censorship on trade nnd
cemmerce statistics. In fact there is a
govornment department maintained for
tho specific purpose of loudly proclaiming from the house tops the splendid
pickings that are gathered from the ennobling and uplifting pastime of plundering wealth producers and peddling
the swng. The latest trado statistics,
published by the department of trade
nnd commerce at Ottawa, affords a moat
striking illustration of tho pleasing and
soul-satisfying magnitude and richness
of those pickings. Somo illuminating
facts may bo gathered from tho study
of thoso statistics. Among other things
it may be discovered 311st how lank,
lean, pinched and hungry the profit-
mongerB of Canada are becoming in con-
soqtience of tho war nnd how terribly
they tire suffering becnuso of the "high
cost of living." So groat is their suffering thut it would scorn thut common decency would suggest that a "tag day'-'
be set aside for their reliof.
* *       *
In all of their naked horror the facts
nre something like this: Daring the sec
ond year of the wur, ending Aug. 1,
1016, the foreign trnde of Canada
amounted to $1,068,880,000. When there
is more wealth sont out of u eountry
thun thore is brought into it, the balance of trade is snid to bo a favorable
one to the country in question. Such a
country is said to be gaining in wealth,
although at first glnnce the contrary
would appear to be the caso. TIicbo intricate problems of wealth and its accumulation, however, nre supposed to bo
beyond tho ken of tho tribe of Henry
Dnhbs anyhow, so let it go ut thut. But
the balanco of trado in Canada's favor
for the year in question, nmountod to
tho tidy littlo sum of $350,860,000. Now
if "Canada" meant tho approximately
six million people who uro trying to live
within her borders, nnd if this balance
of trade was really in their favor, these
people would apparently havo obout $60
ouch coming to thom, or at tho rote of
.$300 por family. But thc fact is that
tho Canada in favor of which this juicy
balance of trado lios, is not made up of
the millions referred to nt all. It
mndo up of the exploiting nnd trading
cIsbs, and thc bolnnce consists of what
waB left nfter the producers had beon
paid nil that was coming to thom ns
slaves. This at tho most could only bo
tho equivalent of tho cost of their keep.
Thnt is nil that sIuvcb over did got, aud
it is all they ovor wore or cnn be entitled to. Furthermore, let it be noted
that the sum referred to incUdcs only
that portion of tho loot thnt has boon
disposed of by menus of foreign trnde.
It has nothing to do with that still
greater nmount of plunder that has ac*
eumulnted in the hands of tho same exploiting class nnd been placed to tho account of its Individual members through
the manipulation of tho home market.
the magnitude of their trade, and the
pickings accruing therefrom, the
better for the continuance of their delightful little game. Were they wise
they would maintain a cIobc censorship
of information tending to give away the
inside workings of it, und.laying bare
its innermost secrets. Every trade report becomes an open record of the possibilities of the game of loot. Every
iinnual statement of the business of individual concerns or states, affords eloquent testimony to the splendid returns
that may be garnered by the exercise
of sagacity and unscrupulousness upou
the part of rulers, in skinning docile
slaves and disposing of their hides in n
world's market. And what is this much-
boasted trado and commerce if it bo not
simply the disposal of that which has
been forcibly taken from the producers?
If the producers of wealth wero not dispossessed of their products, what could
there be with which to curry on u trnde
nnd commerce out of which a "favorable balance" could be gained?
Every wealth producer should read
these trade and business reports and
ponder them well, for ho will there flnd
but a record of his own exploitation and
undoing, and what a prolific fountain of
wealth nnd joy ho and his class aro to
tho rulers and masters of labor. In timo
the wealth producers may arrive nt a
full realization of what an exceedingly
fat good thing they are for their musters and owners. With a few moro yenrs
of war, with their enormous "favorable" balances of trado, and oven the
Canadian "brother to the ox" may possibly catch a glimmer of light that will
disclose to him the fool's pathway that
ho now so partrioticnlly treads. Let us
hope so, anyhow.
that prompts them to leave no atone unturned to safeguard their interests, as
they see and understand them.   A splendid illustration of the unconscious paternal solicitude-for the proper education
und   guidance   of   the   workers,   that
springs spontaneously from tho breasts
of employers and masters, is found in
the recent election campaign   at   San
Francisco. Everybody knows whut picketing means, in the tune of a strike.   It
is perhaps one of Ae most futile and
painfully ridiculous acts in the great
furce  of "wares   attempting   to   uct
like mon," that could be staged.   Liko
its parent, the strike, it has never ac
eomplished any good for tho class that
have resorted  to it.    The heaven-ap
pointed guardians of the workors have,
howover, discovered a means whereby
they may be safeguarded ngninst making such futile and ridiculous exhibitions of themselves in the futuro.   By
so doing, however, the aforesaid guardians have not been guided in their actions pnrticalurly for the purpose of doing a kindness  to  the  workers,  but
rather for that of abating a nuisance
from their own pathway.   An anti-pick-
etting law was submitted to a referendum of the voters ut tlie recent election.
A vigorous campaign in its behulf wus
put up by tho commercial interests. One
feature of it was the telephone campaign mentioned in Inst week's Fedorationist.    The law was curried at tho
polls by a safe majority.   Henceforth
it will be unlawful in Sun Francisco for
tlie sovereign citizen to make a nuisance of himself along tho ancient nnd
time-honored line of sticking his nose
into   every   other   person's   business,
whuneven thc aforesaid citizen tnkes a
notion to have a balky fit.
Central Labor Body Delegation Put City Council
Labor Congress Only Legitimate Legislative Body
in Canada
T HAS BEEN said that man learns
only in the school of experience.
This may be true, if used in the
sense that the term is meant to apply to
nkind as a whole, that is to the human race us an on-
EXPERIENCE tity, as a living or-
NOT ALWAYS ganic thing. But it
SUFFICIENT. does not always seem
to apply when it
comes down to dealing with or considering the case of individuals. Some
there are who, no mutter how many
times they may have burned their fingers, are still lacking sufficient sense to
keep them out of the fire. Thc same
luck of discretion is more thnn often
shewn by considerable bodies of men
within the structure of modem society,
who may perchance consider themselves
aggrieved in consequence of tho treatment thnt has been accorded them,
either by society or by other members
thereof. Take, for instance, the wage-
earners as a case in point. Thut thoy
have grievances, none will deny. They
more than often find their wages so
small thut thoy cannot keep themselves
and their families in anything like comfort and decency. They look about them
and discover everything requisite to
their comfort and woll being in abundance und to spare, but they cannot
supply their needs no mattor hew earnestly they try. The fault of this they
quite naturally lay upon the shoulders
of their immediate employer, who, in
their estimation, ought to pay them better wages. And what eould bo plainer
than that a raise of wages would ennblo
them to procure the things requisite to
their greater comfort, and which nre at
preson^ denied them becnuso of the
smallness uf thoso wages. They make
their demands upon their employer, und
because of his refusal to comply there
with, lay down their tools and refuse to
take them up again until their demands
are granted. In other words, they strike,
#       #
And who shall suy that it is not ull
for the best? If uny line of uction shall
hnve proven itself futile through long
experience, why should it not be abandoned? Did nut the Allies abandon
their Dardanelles foolishness? If the
workers arc su dense us to be uuable to
realize the folly of a certain line of
action, why should not kind providence
prompt their masters to make it impossible for them to persist in their folly,
by barring tlio pathway leading thereto?
\nd is that not what has actually boen
accomplished through the passage uf th
nti-picketting law? For thc workers
own good let it be hoped that tho strike
und nil the remaining features uf such
folly, will be also prohibited by law,
and the activities of the Labor world
thus be gently but firmly directed along
the Hne uf legitimate warfare with civilized weapons. Thc struggle between
tho cruelly exploited wenlth producers
und the masters of capital, is not 1
dirty little sorup over wages and th
petty details of slavery. It; is a fight
fur the mastery ef the means uf production, the means of life itself. It is not
u bottle thut eaa be fought by sucl:
peurile means us bulking in hurness or
picketting u shop.   It is u battle thnt
A   Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Royal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
Victoria trade unionists have decided
to eliminate the existence of "Canadian" unions in the Capital City. They
have boen bothered for some time with
tUo pest, but the issue was brought tu a
show-down lust week when Mayor Stewart made a public declaration iu favor
uf tho purely Canadian article. A delegation from the central lubor body,
headed by Vice-president Watchman, of
the Trades and Labor Congross of Canada, and John Day, appeared before the
council and by the time they got
through there were mnny explanations:
made by Mayor Stewart, an ex-international trade unionist himself, and members of tho council, resulting in a general understanding thut can do nothing
bat good. In the presentation uf the
case for the Capital City unionists, Vice-
president Watchman said, in part:
"The Dominion Trados und Labor
Congress of Canada is tho only real
labor organization in tho Dominion of
Canada. -The 'Canadian Federation of
Labor' is composed of mow who have
hud a grouch nnd fallen away for tho
time being. At the lust convention of
tbis organization there wero 'about' 25
delegates presont. At our recent1 gutli
ering there were 287 from nil parts of
"Each local Trades und Labor council has absolute jurisdiction over nil
matters that affect its own city. Thc
American Federation of Labor is a leg
islative body for tho United States. The
Dominion Trades und Lubor Congress is
the legislutivo body for Canada. We
send delegates to one another's conventions. ''
Mr. Watchman also observed that
there should bc nu objection to interna-
tional affiliation of the civic firemen
when the city sonds the firo chief off to
American conventions to "broaden his
Wo would bo glad to quote yoa rates
on your firo insurance. We aro making
a specialty of thiB department, and will
guarantee you as cheap ratos as can bo
had, also complete satisfaction iu all
your transactions.
690 Richards St. TeL Sey. 4434
Their wages arc paid, und can only be
puid from funds raised through taxation, either the taxation of property
ur the taxation uf drunks und other similar pruducts of civilization. As long as
there, is plenty of proporty to tax, and
criminals to touch, there should be no
excuse for a city not paying its bills,
or resorting to cheap and low down
capitalist tricks iu dealing with its
hired help. Of course the real reason
lying behind this civil pettiness is to be
found in the fact thut if the city responds to the upward tread of prices
by paying its employees an iucreused
wage, the workors olsewhero will take
the tip and perhaps demand from thc
cun only be fought upon the political [mining,  lumbering und  other poverty
field, with politicul weapons, aud with
thc absolute control of industry ub its
ultimate goal. In that battle the victory belongs to thc working class by
virtue of itB overwhelming numbers. To
win that victory, however, implies u
greater intelligence than is requisite to
bulk in harness or picket a shop. It requires intelligence enough to nut only
know where the fire is, but also tu keep
it 'from burning one's fingers time
and time ngnin. Strength tu the ruling
class arm, to the end that it will force
the working cluss to take the right rond,
the one leading to deliverance and freedom.
The less tho rulers have to any about
Tho right to strike hus lung been held
us the most cherished of all rights nf
the working class. That is thc right to
balk in harness nnd refuse to again pull
the loud until some concession hus been
granted by the driver. If the aot of
striking is not equivalent to that of a
horse bnlking in harness, will some good
brother please rise and give up nn ox-
plunntion of the difference? Since the
memory of man runneth not back to the
contrary, tho toilers have been striking
for the purposo of gaining higher wageB,
shorter hours and in other ways bettering their circumstances und conditions
uf life. And we might ns well bo honest
with ourselves and confess that tho average condition of tho workers of the
world as a whole was nevor so bad as
at present, and it is becoming progressively worse. In spite of all tho strikes
ever pulled off, the avcrago condition of
the workers has not improved one iota.
There is a far wider galf now between
the average wage and the average
amount of wealth resulting from tho expenditure of the oncrgy of tho wage
earner, than was ever thc case in all the
history of onslaved labor before. The
only conclusion to be arrived at is, that
oven as a weapon of defenso tho striko
is becoming absolutely useless and without value.
* * *
One would naturally expect that the
workerB would be ablo to noto tho utter
futility of expecting relief through tho
striko, after having tried it out for half
a century or bo, and mot with nothing
but defeat and disaster for their pains.
But it seems that such is nut the case,
No matter how many times they burn
their fingers thoy apparently remain
blind to the scorching and blistering effects of fire. As soon as they heal the
scars of ono burning, they get ready to
again plunge their digits into tho flames.
Experience, evidently teacliCB them np'
thing. Like children they must bo led
away from the consuming flame, and if
needs bo, fenced away from the danger
Into which they us blindly flutter as
moths to tho candle. Bo that ns it may,
however, all is not lost bo long na thoir
masters survive and retain thc instinct
(Continued from page 1)
tagc of the opportunity tlius afforded to
add a few measly conts to their scanty
wages.  Theso ure the questions they ure
striken interests similar incrousos anil
that would cause unnecessary hoart-
buntings, as anyone can readily see.
Thc Foderntionist's advice to tho workers of the province is to stand together
in their demands for better wages and
iise every means tu force the grunting
of such demands, for if ever the time
was ripe it is now. If the musters en
joy the grand spectacle of European
sluughter thnt they huve stuged for
their own benefit, und wo are sure they
have not staged it for the purpose of
doing the workers nny good, and the
result uf it is to dopletc the labor market, let these who nre fortunate enough
to escape its horrors hold the masters
up for all they cun got out of them
while   tho chance is good.
Council Stands By
Federationist Policy
(Continued from page 1)
ed that Malkins' wore sending printing
to n non-union office.
Del, Swar]/. of tho Cigarmakers, said
asking thomsolves, and who shall dure j they needed about 30 or 40 more good
tu assert that their patriotism is not live union cjgarmnkors in Vancouver,
fully as genuine  and  commendable as j All here were steadily employed.
showed the hours worked per week to bo
48 hours, and iu many cases loss; a few
working overtime under an order or permit under the authority of tho uct. The
committeo expressed dissatisfaction
with the investigation, pointing out
that Lho employeos were puid by the
week, und that while they were not paid
extra pay for overtime, their pay was
ut for fulling short of tho regulation
hours, and that us long us the total number of hours worked did not warrant a
reduction in wages, ib"wus unlikely that
the total marked on tho cards would be
in exceas of the number of hours permitted under the Fuctory uct, Tho committee further suggested thnt the inspector shuuld a ini nge for tho members
of tho committee tu examino tho cards
and this Mr. Gordon agreed to do, but
ho pointed out that as Mr. Midgley hnd
been formerly employed by tho Pioneer
laundry, the management would nut
care to permit him to examine thc
cards. The committee mado no objection to this, und it was arranged that
Mr. Gordon Bhould arrange with Mr.
Creelman, manager of the Pioneer, for
the president uf the council to examine
the curds for himsolf.
"Mr. Gordon afterwards udvised thc
presidont by phone that tho matter had
been arranged, aud for him to cuH upon
Mr. Creelman. Before duing su, tho president phoned Mr. Creelman, who said
that no such arrangement had been
made, and he could not see any renson
why we should not accept tho word of
tho inspector. He admitted that there
^wore 85 employees, and that 25 por cent,
of them wore working in oxccbs of the
48 hours per week, but were doing so
under u permit from the inspector, this
permit, however, according to the inspector, covering only two nights per
month. He wns willing aud anxious tu
carry out ull the instructions of tho inspector, but ho could not see why he
Bhould permit an inspection of the books
or time curds of the company. He
would, howover, think it over, and if he
changed hiB mind, he would phone
again. No further word has boen re
"Tho writer has explained at some
length the details, because uf the conflict of evidence between the inspector,
Mr. Creelman, und the employees of the
"Taking the admissions of Mr. Creelman, that 25 per cent, of the employees
work more than 48 hours per week,
when the permit allows overtime on
only two nights per month, proves conclusively that tho inspector has not
made the investigation referred to in
purugruph onc of his letter; that he hus
been fooled by the employer, or thnt he
has not advised this council of the
whole truth in his letter, "which purported to be such a statement.
Making allowance for the enormous
territory undor tho jurisdiction of tho
two inspectors, and tho difficulty of securing informntion from employees, who
ure confronted with discharge for giving informntion to inspectors, und the
necessity of devoting moro attention to
the dangerous industries, the writer does
not think thnt the act is being properly
enforced, or that the council was given
al lnvailable information on this occasion, and recommends that the commit*
tee be instructed to continue its work,
and to nsk tho now government to arrange fur a more rigorous enforcement
of tho act in connection with tho operation uf laundries.''
Adjournment nt 10.50, nfter a very
lively and altogether interesting session.
lirst mid third Thursday-. Executive
bimnl: James II. McVoty, president; lt. N.
Myitis, vicu-pruBidont; Victor It. Midgley,
gonurul si-i.Tfiury, 210 Labor Templo; Fred
imowlos, treasurer; W. 11. Cotterill, statistician; suiguuut-ui-nnus, John Sully; A. J.
Crawford, Jus. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees,
Meets si-cuiid Monday in the month,
l'rosidont, J. McKlnuou; socrotary, It. H.
Neelauds, P. O. Box flit, _
BARTENDERS' LOCAL Ho. fi70.—Offlce,
Room Sua Labor Temple. Moots flrat
Sunday of each month, President, Jamea
Camp bell; iiuundai socretary, 11. Davis, Boi
424 j phono, Soy. 47SU; recording socrotary,
Wm   AlotUsliaw, Globe Hotel, Main atreet.
ul Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tintbdayu In the month,
Room 206 Labor Temple. President, L. E.
Herritt; secretary, S. H. Grant, liu4 Georgia
Meets overy 1st and Urd Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 307. Presidont, P. Dickie; cor*
responding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 63;
financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; business
agent, VV. S. Dagnall, Room 315.
U. B. W. of A.—Meeta flrst and third
Monday of each month, Room 302, Labor
Tomple, 8 p.m. Prosidont, R. N. Myles; secretory. Prank Graham, 2250 Twelfth avenue
nnd Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
Amorica,  Vancouver Lodge No.  194—Meeti
first and third Mondays, 6 p.m.    President,
A.  Campbell,  73   Seventeenth  avenue  west;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
Pacific—Meots at 437 Gore avenue every
Tuesday,  7 p.m.    Russell Kearley,  builneia
—Meots in Room 205, Labor Tomple,
every Monday, 8 p.m, Presidont. D. W, Mc-
Douga'l, 1162 Powell atreet; recording aeoretary, R. N. Elgar, Labor Templo; flnanolal
secretary and business agent, E, H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
Bociation,  Local  38-52—Office and hall,
10 Powell etreet.    Meets every Thursday 8
&.IH.    Geo. Thomas, business agont; Thomaa
ixon, secretary.
nnd fourth Thursdays at 8 p.r.    Preildent,   Win.   Small;   recording   secretary,   J.
Brooks;   financial  secretary, J. H,  McVety,
._ »      .       Seymour 7495.
Labor Templo."
tors' Union, Local 348, I. A. T. S. E. A
AI. P. M. 0,—Meets first Sunday of eaoh
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President,
J. C. Lachance; buslnoBs agent, W, E. McCartney;   financial  and  corresponding lucre-
America—Vancouvor and vicinity*—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Riay
MeDougall, 001 Seventh avenue weat; financial secretary, J, Campbell, 4869 Argyle
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512jTow street.   Phone Bayvlew 2698L.
thut of the profit hungry mob for which
wur provides u place in the sun nnd
such u bountiful harvest ? Some of tho
employees of this eity of Vancouver are
just now realizing that a municipality
does not materially differ from un individual, or any other concern, when it
comes down tu thu employment of labor.
The sume potty little meanness is practiced and thc self same disposition to
tako thc utmost advuntago of eaeh aud
every circumstance to gouge the workers, is manifested. Many of the employeea of this municipality submitted
to a cut in wages ttt the outbruuk of
this war. They were asked to so submit becauso of the impocuoious condition the city found itself in, after yenrs
of sound business administration. Shire
tho cut was made the prico of every
thing thut goes into tbo dally living of
the workers hus increased onormo<isly,
and yet the great city of Vancouver has
not yet been decent enough to restore
tho wnges to whero they wero beforo
the cut wus mado, And on top of that
u. lot of petty mounnoBB is oven now being practiced upon muny of them
through discharge upon tho pretense of
economy, lack of efficiency and othor
like bourgeois excuses for pottincss..
Victoria Workers Kick.
A .similar state of uffairs exists in tho
Capital City. Thc workers there also
suffered n wuge cut under much similar
circumstances. And now they are trying to get the wage restored to the former level. Thut they aro mooting with
the same trouble tu got what rcully belongs to thom, as is alwuys tho case
with tlie employees of concerns other
than municipalities, goes without saying, lt seems thnt their wages at present amount to $15 por week, and they
insist that they cuiiuot live upon that.
Not, of courso,.that it makes any difference to a bunch of piuheadod aldermen
whetlier they can or not. But just tho
game the workers insist that they do not
liko it and judging from the vigorous
muuner in which they uro going after
tho city administration, thoy nro not inclined to tamely submit to it much longer. There iH no logical roason, outside
of thot capitalist slock roason of buying
where you can buy the cheopost, to war
rant nny municipality or other branch
of government, pinching Its employeos
down to tho last notch in their bolts.
,1. Scott of the Pressmen, Bros. Muc-
donald und Lyons of the Carpenters and
A. Dunn of the Milk Wagon Drivers,
were admitted as now delegates.
New Bylaws and Constitution.
The committee mimed some weeks age
tu draft a new set of bylaws und constitution, for thc government of the council, reported that thoy would be ready
to submit their findings at next meeting.
Permission wns givon to have draft copies typewritten.
Hours in Laundries.
Some weeks ago, Secretary Midgley
eomplained that the omployocs of the
Pioneer and other laundries in the city
were working in oxcess of 48 hours per
week, tho limit provided for in the B.
C. Factories Act. By direction, tho
council wrote tho factory inspector, setting forth the position, and received a
reply from Mr. Gordon. This wus considered unsatisfactory by the delegates,
resulting iu the appointment of the president and secretary to furthor investigate. Tho committeo reported as follows:
Your committee appointed to consider thc question of violations of the
Factory Act by the Pioneer und other
luundrics by working their employees in
excess of 48 hours per week, beg to report ns follows:
Wo considered the letter from C. R.
Gordon, fuctory inspector, undor date
of Oct. 18, JJU6, in reply to ono from
the secretary, setting out tho complnint
against the laundries, the opening paragraph which reads ns follows:
" 'With reference to yours of the
10th Inst., I bog to ndviso you, in reply,
that I have gone fully into tho subject
mutter of your letter, nnrt after investigation. Had that the laundry companies, except in a few enses, uro complying with tho law.'
"Feeling that thc balance of tho letter from tho inspector was very vague
nnd indefinite, und that the offer of further informntion should bo tnken advantage of, in view of the full investigation
tho inspector reported having made, by
appointment we discussed the mutter at
some length with Mr. Gordon, who ox-
pluincd thut he hnd examined a number
of the time cards of tho employeos in
tho Pioneer Laundry, and that tho totals
ployees, • Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor' Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Ottrdl;
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording aeeretary, A. V. Lofting, 2651 Trinity atreet; flnnncial secretary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
America, Looal No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Tuesday in each month, 8 p.m. President, Francis Williams; vice-president, Mist
H. Outterldge; recording secretary, C. McDonald. Box SOS; financial secretary, H,
P. 0. Box 508.
laat Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President, H. 0. Benson; vice-president.
W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R. B.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
la annual convention iu January. Exeoutlve officers, 1916-17: President, Jaa. H. MoVety; vice-presidenta — Vancouver. John
Brooke, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Siverts;
New Weatminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompson, P. 0. Box 158; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart: District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Neat Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretarytreaau-er, A. 8. Wella, P.
0. Box 1588, Victoria, B. g, ,
VICTORIA TRADE8 AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meeta flrat and third Wednesday,
Lahor hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p.m. President, G. Taylor; secretary, B.
Simmons, Box 302, Victoria, B.C.	
HEW WESTMINSTER. B. 0.    "" ~~
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meeta second Sunday of each month at 1-80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameion, Boi 490.
H. P, Wand Returns to Oity After An
Absence Since April Last.
H, P. Wand, a well-known Vnncouvor
member of the Bricklayers' union, who
weat east in search of employment last
April, returned to tho city this week, j
aud has been busy renewing acquaint-
unees. He reports trnde conditions much
bettor in the enst thnn out wost. In
fact, Mr. Wand is considering the advisability of moving his family to Montreal aud making that city his headquarters iu future. "Thero is nothing to
kcup a working man in British Columbia
now, since conditions are so much better
in tho east," said Mr. Wand to Tho
Federationist yesterdny. "Thoro will
huve to be some radical change take
place hero if employers hope to keep
any workors save Orientals iu this provinco."
1 Jim'' Corley, another member of tho
local Bricklayers' union, will roturn to
Vancouver next week.
Connell—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpentera' hall. President, 8. D. Macdonald; secretary, J. J.
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Bupert, B. C.
Safety First.
Magistrate—Havo you a lawyer to defend you?
Prisoner—Lawyer 1 I don't want no
lawyer! I'm going to tell tho truth.—
The Star.
Every union in Vnncouvor should be
represented on tho control labor body
at call of president, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. 0. Directors: James Campbell,
preaident; J. H. MeVety, aecretary-treaaurer;
A. Watchman and A. 8. Wells. R. Parm.
Pettlplece, managing dlreotor. Room 317,
Labor Temple, Telephone Seymour 7496.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meeta ln convention September of
eaeh year, Exeoutlve board: Jaa. C Walters,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman. Vlotoria, B. C.; James Simpson, Toronto, Out.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; secretary-treasurer, P. M. Drapor, Drawer 616, Ottawa, Ont.
Coal mining rlghta of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be It-used for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rontal of tl An aere. Not
more than 2,660 aires will be leaaed to one
Applications for lease must he made by the
applicant In person to the Agent or Rub-Agent
of the district ln which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the Innd must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
parliamentary committeo.   It meots oh'ErttoVWta nnVarvVyed" territory .hi
*ff5-t_?Pf.Iiod..fop "hall ha Halted by [fie ap*
the  Wednesday ovoning prior to  tho
first end third Thursday of eaeh month.
v s
„___          insSQ
*&&> Of America  rQxr
Vole  against prohibition I
sonal Hborty In choosing
Demand  pi
what you will drink.
Ask for thla Libel when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, aa • guarantee that It Is Unton Made. This ll onr Label
Each application mnst be accompanied by
feo of 16, which will be refunded If the
Ights applied for are nnr available but not
otherwise.    A royalty shnll  be paid  on  the
merchantable output of the mine at tho rata
of Ave cents ppr ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agont with sworn returns account-
Ing for the full quantity of merchantable
eoal mined and pay tho royalty therenn. If
tho conl mining righti. are not lining operated,
suoh returns should be furnished at least once
-~ - .....—           v.,n,     m i Ml It g
rights only, bill the IfAsee may bo permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be ennslilered necessary for the working
of the mine nt ihe mtn nt slO an aere.
For full Information application sbonld hu
made to the flerretnry or tho Department of
the Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands. '
Pepnty Minister nf the Interior.
N. P.—Unauthorised publication of thta ad*
vertlrvmiwi* wll' n<it be paid for—80690 PBIDAY .November 17, 1916
Printed Linoleum at
63c square yard
SPECIAL—The kind of linoleums that we know will stand
good hard wear. A flne assortment of patterns in block, floral,
parquet and conventional patterns to choose from. If you are
thinking of getting new linoleums, do not hesitate. Prices are
going higher and yet higher. Buy now. Special, per square
yard, •:•■■ 63c
Cocoa Door Mats
THE QUALITY is of the kind that gives good service and satisfaction, and the prices are very moderate. No house should be
without one or more of these most useful mats. Why not buy
yours here? They help a lot to keep the house clean during the
stormy season.  Priced as to size at 75c, $1.00, $1,25 and....$1.50
\^_ .   _) _.. WIWMWII    l*»        MIKMST I  BUM-BaT WWII MHHIMHIIW \   _*"^   J
Granville and Georgia Streets
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from tho finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Sale at all Llvior Stores ln
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Drink Cascade Beer
AVith your meals—Cascade is a hoauthful, nourishing
Pint,        FOR SALE EVERYWHERE       <juarts
$1.00 per       BREWED AND BOTTLED       $2.00 per
dozen AT THE BREWERY dozen
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
supply yon with pure, fresh Milk—Oars is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilized bofore being used. The
milk comes from the Frnser Biver Valley.
e incidents of
the new ik
Gamely Stick in the Struggle
Against the Traction
Strike-Breakers So Pleased
With Jobs That They
Also Strike
Just off the Press
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
□ .
In response to a widespread demand, The Federationist has
. reproduced the article which appeared in its Labor Day issue,
under the above caption.
This little booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding the economic basis of capitalist society, and the
position occupied by the working class within it.
It clears up much that has long confused, not only the
workers themselves, but many others who have given thought
to the vexations and anomalies of modern civilization.
It is invaluable to every student of social phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working class.
In lots of less than 100 copies, per copy, 10 cents postpaid.
In lots of 100 or more, at 5 cents per copy.
The B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple, VANOOUVER, B, 0,
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, for distribution
among members, either for sale or otherwise.
THE NEW YORK car striko is in the
limelight again. This time it is a
strike with a strike, that of strikebreakers rebelling against tho same conditions that made the original strikers
rebol. More than 1000 strikebreakers
quit the other day, and a number the
previous day.
Under tho heading, "New York Car
Men Are Game,'/ the Union Loader
says: "Gameness is tho predominating
spirit among the New York car strikers,
They have.beon on strike since Septein-
bor 0; it is now November 11. During
this period not more than 100 out of
13,000 have deserted. Doable pay and
all kinds of inducements have beon offered by tho traction management to
got the car men to relinquish their membership in the Amalgamated Association
and ruturn to work aB individuals. They
have spurned these offers and are standing firm on principle. Tho majority of
tlio Now York car strikers are married
men with families. They have suffered
privation, but they aro willing to endure
this rather than yield their right to
freedom and return to tho condition of
slavery which brought about the Btrike.
When you contribute your dollar a
month to tho New Vork car strikers it
will make you feel good to know that
you are helping a game body of men
who are determined to win the battle
for organization if tho fight lasts all
An Inspiring Tale,
Rend the following inspiring story
from a New York Call writer, who has
been associated with the Amalgamated
strikers since the fight began:
"Whoever hns had to do with tho car
strike in this city has remarked on the
excellent esprit do corps of the mon out
on strike. In the face of a flght to tho
death with somo of tho moBt powerful
corporations of the world, they have
stood unmoved. There is no internal dissension. There are no deserters outside
of a scant few, who quit early in the
rTo thoso on tho inside—to the Btrike
officials, the reporters, the mon who
come into constant touch with the men
in their meetings and in their home and
social life—to these the wonderful courage and faith of the strikers has been a
beacon light in the cause of labor. They
havo realized that to tho strikers it
means a fight for freedom from the
worst serfdom of modorn industry.
They recognize the fight of the strikers
for what it is—the,desiro for tho right
to organize, free from compnny dictation, and free from the spying, prying
eyes of the company spotter. To these
men tho wonderful fight of tho carmen
is an intelligently directed und intelligently conducted Htruggle along certain
definite lines.
Costly to the Employers.
"What the strike hns cost tho companies here, and what it will ultimately
eost, the world may nover know. The
damage to equipment has been enormous; car nfter car haB beon towed into
the barn, its delicate electric or air
brake mechanism ruined by the blundering hand of the unskilled strikebreaker.
"Time and time again the enr towed
into the barn has been a wreck, smashed
and twisted in some collision or accident
through the incompetency of the motor-
"There is something besides company
equipment and rolling stock that has
been mined by tho strike. This is company discipline—a discipline that haB
cost a quarter of n century and millions
of dollars to build up. It has been wiped
out of existence at a moment's notice—
wiped out by the call to strike which
spread over the lines like wildfire.
Loss of] Discipline.
"Company discipline on New York's
cars is gono. It may be built up somewhat, of course, but it will nevermore
bo tho same, whether the strike is won
or lost. If the men win and go back on
the enrs, they will hnvo gained the respect of the company and tho public.
And, if the strike is lost, the compnny
will havo in its ranks tlie cnoicost collection of undorworld riff-raff that ever
manned a streot car Bystem. And if
they cnn hammer discipline into that
crew, they will be doing a distinct service to the community.
To Be Licked In Three Days.
"It is a safe guess that the Interbor-
ough and other traction officials sadly
misjudged their men whon they forced
a striko. 'We'll lick th^Bm in threo
dnys' they snid when tho striko call was
flashed through the town. Thoy predicted that tho men would never quit
tho enrs.  The men struck.
" 'Thoy will doBcrt tho union after a
dny or two/ came tho prophecy. The
company officials soothed their directors,
calmed their stockholders with tho honeyed promises of an early rout.
"The men wero out, and, strange to
relate, they fitnyed out. About 100 deserted out of 13,048. Then tho compnny
press representatives rnckod their high-
priced brains and the result was shouted
from tho housetops; 'Tho union can't
pay striko benefits.'
"The second week of the striko wont
by, and in conformity with union tuIcb,
the nntionnl hoadquartprs forwarded its
cheque for the strike benefit to the New
York representatives. The benefit was
paid, to the discomfiture of the calamity
"They can't pay Hie second Btrike
benefit,' was the cry. The second bono-
fit was poid. y
" 'They can't pny the third,' was the
despcrnto cry.
No Empty Talk.
"Tt was paid. Others have been paid
since. And what's more, they'll keep
m being paid. This isn't empty talk;
t's fact. Already several largo unions
of carmen in the country have assessed
tliemselves to nid the New York strikers. Fifteen thousand Chicago men nnd
women have ngreed to pay $1 per member per month every month ns long as
the strike louts,
"Tlie Boston union has come through
with  $8000.    Other locals have acted
A member and chairman of the Park
• Commissioners, and active in public
life in Vancouver for many years,
and wh6 will probably be an aldermanic candidato for Ward V. to succeed Aid, Mahon, who resigns at the
end of thiB term. Mr. Owen has always been n consistent ndvocato of
public ownership and day labor.
TradeB and Lahor Council.
November 20, 1801
Council decided to re-affiliate with Dominion Trndes and Labor Congress.
A concert will be held under the aus-
picos of council for benefit of Women's
and Children's hospital. Committee,
Harry Brooks, Harry Cowan, George
Chas. Kaine informed council that the
two Bcab carpeatcrs working on the
powor house were raising further trouble
nmong tho motormen.
President Bartley, Bobt. Cosgrove,
Chas. Kuine and H. Green were appointed a committee to try and organize the
motormen and conductors.
H. Brooks stated that the Longshore'
men wished to turn their band over to
the Trades and Labor council. Proposition will be considered.
Anti-picketting Law Blazes
Pathway for Political
similarly or have agreed to act. So fur
as union finances are concerned, the
strike can go on almost indefinitely. If
the local assessments are found to be inadequate, they will be increased. Thc
Amalgamated is no piker whon it comes
to striking, as its members in other
cities well know.
A Boon, What?
'The strike haa been a distinct boon
to thousands of men. Union officials estimate that almost 3000 members have
taken positions in othor callings. Many
of the strikers with families to support
havo accepted temporary jobs. Here
and there a iinioti official in some other
trado has come forward with offers of
"These jobs have been accepted ns
temporary ones, but to many men they
will mean tho open door to a new life.
From the fierce grind of the street car
life, with Hb fifteen and seventeen hours
of labor; its compnny spotters, its swift,
mysterious dismissals, its compnny terrorism nnd its Sunday labor, the men
hnve gone into other crafts and trades.
"Many of them are doing outdoor
labor, others are learning to use the inherent skill of their fingers and to develop their latent brain power. They
lire working eight, nine and ten hours a
day, and, if some of tbem have nothing
left at tho end of the week, they have
at least the satisfaction of knowing thnt
on thc cars they wouldn't havo any
sparo dollars to'put in tho bank, either.
Should Continue Indefinitely.
"To hundreds of the slaves of tho
bell und gong the strike has been a ro-
relation. Thoy have been given a new
vision of life, a chonco to cnltivnto the
acquaintance of their * wives. Many
havo taken their babes to the muss meetings, their first outings for many yoars.
"These are tbe men who will never
go buck to thc ears, and Mr. Shonts and
his folk hnve lost some of their best
workmen. There are men in the union
ranks with a fair knowledge of car mechanics, many with an understanding of
electricity and rnilroading thnt are being put to far greater advantage in
other trades.
"Homo of the men, with a little tutoring, will make good engineers. Others
are becoming interested in the mechanism of electric, vehicles othor than street
c.arH. Perhaps the very bread wagon
chauffeur who brings you your morning
bread and rolls has boon a car striker—
and is lost forover to tho car companios.
"Tn its larger aspects the car strike
Also a Boon to the Public.
has been tt distinct boon to thc public,
and more particularly to the men involved. Whether they win or Iobc, the
traction officials have boon taught a
good lesson, that they aro not likely to
forget. The strike has stamped the ono
indelible fact on the car lords of New
York. That the employees cannot be
driven and overworked and abused as
they hnve in the past.
"And, in closing, let us remind ourselves of one little fact. It is very significant in the light nf the strike history. It is this: The car compnnies are
no longer requiring their employees to
sign individual agreements,"
As a result of negotiations carried on
with tho company by Bros, Russoll,
Johns and Dickens, the following increases for Stationary Firemen wore secured :
Fort William to Broadview, from
&2M to $3. Broadview to Kamloops,
frUO to di3.20. And tho Pacific Coast
division, from $2.05 to $3.10.
In view of the fact, that these increases were secured after schedule negotiations wore cemnlcted thev nre considered fairly satisfactory. Bro. Dock-
ens nlso wishes the Helpers and Mixed
Lodge to note that thft«0 men should belong to them, and efforts ought to bo
made to organize them.—I. A. of M.
The members of ihe Powell River
Paper Workers' union are not only good
union men, bit recioroenl, The Fedorationist uses the union-made paper, made
at Powell River. The Powell River
Pnper Workers' union this week send
nlong $((fi. having subscribed for their
membership in a body.
Workers Compelled to Adopt
Civilized Methods of
[By John L, Martin]
THE ORGANIZED Labor movement
of San Francisco has just recelve-fr-
what may provo to be the severest blow
experienced for some time. Tho recent
strikes in the city have stirred the masters to action and hnving been thus stirred, thoy act in a highly effective manner. Tho constant use of picketing by
the strikers was a sore point with the
chamber of commerce, so much bo, that
they set out to have it Btopped. The re*
suits of their efforts wns the circulation
of an initiative petition having for its
purpose the submission to the pooplo of
an anti-picketing referendum. The same
was voted on last Tuesday, Nov. 7, and
was carried. It was virtually a city or*
daiancc, voted on directly by tho people.
It dealt rigorously with the right to
picket. The two main clauses covered
all the phases of picketing, peaceful or
otherwise. No matter what Labor now
docs during a strike, it is in violation of
Exorcising Ephemeral Notions,
It will be seen then that tho ephemeral notion of Labor's right to picket is
rigorously assailed. Whether the picket
stands or walks iu front of a business
establishment; whether ; he wears a
badge, or carries a signboard; or whether ho talks in low persuasive tones, or
hollers out loud, the instruments of law
and drder are immediately brought to
bear on him. The right to boycott, another cherished hypothesis of the worker, so far as picketing is concerned, is
completely smashed. They have the
right to strike left, however, as they
have also the right to stay on the job
and starve, or get off it and Btarve.
What labor will do in future strikes,
now that Ub chief weapons are out'
lawed, presents a pVoblem of considerable magnitude. The ordinance was not
allowed by any moans to pass without
resentment. The resources of tho entire
Labor movement were foeussed on itB defeat at the polls, but the oddB were
against it. Against its forces ^vere arraigned the entire business element of
San FranciBco, with all its ramification s.
Money waa spent unsparingly by the
chamber of commerce in biassing the
voters against trade unions. Picketing
waB painted in tho blackest of colors by
the proBtitute daily preBS. Public sentiment was doped as nover before by misrepresentation and falsehood. Every
means in fact were used to ensure a debauched vote at th'e polls. The result
was of course that the ordinance carried, though not without strong opposition. The vote was 73,793 for and 68,-
570 against it. The strong vote recorded against it speaks volumes for the
splendid fight put up by Labor. When
it is remembered that all voters who
hnd telephones received messageB from
the chamber of commerce to vote in
fnvor of tho ordinance, and when it is
remembered that the majority of workers organized and unorganized havo no
such moans of communication, the opposition vote received, mnke tho Trades
and Labor council worthy of the highest
congratulations. They strained every
effort, though beset with difficulty, to
have tho ordinance defeated. They
fought against tremendous oddfl, and
though dofeated, the highest praise, not
only locally, but throughout the country
is duo to the organized workers of San
Francisco. What the effect of the ordinance will be on tho future activities of
tho workers, is scarcely safe to prophesy. But one thing is sure, the struggles herenfter for better working conditions will be fraught with serious handicaps. Unless other means of carrying on a strike is dovisod. the organized
workors will be hopelessly demoralized.
With every line of trade anion nctivitv
gradually being outlawed, unless trade
uninniBm itself ia to bo outlawed into
oblivion, efforts will havo to bo mado
to fight capital with other weapons,
That is tho problem that immediately
confronts them.
The Supreme Lesson.
The incident points to one supremo
lesson. The Labor movement has led
tho rest of tho community in the demand for direct legislation. After years
of agitation, the workers in tho forefront, California has adopted the principle of public legislation by the menus
of the initintive nnd referendum. Now
that auch hns been adopted, it is being
used as a means of defeating labor. For
the part played, in bringing such a
means of public policy into practice,
Labor has nothing to be nshnmed. But
one thing is evident, and painfully bo,
that n greater tiifik now confronts it,
nnd a still greater movement awaits its
leadership. Now that public opinion has
a greater power to oxpress itself, the
noxt logical step to take is that of so
moulding thnt (minion that thc aims and
objects of the Lnbor movement may be
bettor understood. In this case, capital
haB used direct legislation to defeat Lnbor. In that respoct it teaches Labor a
lesson. It realizes the necessity of educating the public mind. For somo reason
or other Labor fails to appreciate such
a necossity as it should. When it does
so, it will havo learned tho greatest of
lessons yet to lie learned. It will lenrn
that direct, legislation, as with tho vote
itself, must bo associated with the development of public sentiment. Herein
lies, therefore, the tnsk of thc organized
workers, thnt of education, without
which the final victory of Labor is impossible.
Spencer's is Headquarters
*    Stanfield's Underwear
i  •. •	
for Men
We Buy in Quantities that Command the Lowest
Price—No Store Can Undersell Us
wool; sizes 34 to 44.   A garment..... _ _ $1.25
STANFIELD'S "BED LABEL"; heavy croam wool onderwear; rites
34 to 44.  Prioe _   J1.7J
STANFIELD'S "BLUE LABEL"; heavy cream wool, ribbed, sites 84
to 44.  A garment $2,00
STANFIELD'S "BLACK LABEL"; heavy cream wool; sizes 34 to 44.
A garment :. _. .12.28
in threo weights at( garment  $1.26, $1.50 and $2.00
STANFIELD'S CREAM SILK AND WOOL UNDEBWEAB; magnificent.   A garment  .$2.25
COMBINATIONS in all the above lines are available at twice the price
of single garments.
NOTE.—All Stnnflcld 's garments are guaranteed unshrinkable.
David Spencer Limited
An Improved
Alberta Homestead
(1B0 acres)
Near Edmonton
TOR ONLY 82,000
(easy terms)
For fall particulars writo Drawer
5, C|o B. O. Federationist, Labor
Temple, Vancouvor.
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenne East.  Tel. Fairmont 1607
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
A little money'
invested in your teeth will return you most liberal dividends in the form of health, happiness, mouth comfort, a
better appearance. A missing tooth is both unsightly and
dangerous. There is always the probability that the deoay
will spread.
A missing tooth makes more work for the others.   And
they break down under the task of this added work.
My    permanent -.       -_ .     .
Z.™,£\iVk Dr. Brett Anderson
ges rectify all the
Uttle Ills caused
by the deficiencies
In your mouth; $1
per tooth.
Crown ud Bridge Specialist
Cer. Seymour
Call Sey., 8331
or send a card for
an appointment.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(McNeill, welch a wilson, limited)
Cartage Agents—Furniture, Piano and Safe
Baggage, Express and Motor Truck Service
80 Pender East Phones, Day and Night, Sey. 604-605
Your light glows at the touch of a switch.
Behind the glow there is a system that is
ready to serve at a moment's notice.
Wires, poles, transformers, sub-stations,
high tension lines, auxiliary plants, power
stations, hydro-electric works, are always
ready for your command.
Whether you use one kilowatt or one hundred, equipment for supplying the maximum possible demand is maintained.
Service, 24 Hours a Day
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
Phone Seymour
5000 atajk—arm
FBIDAY. November 17, 19H
Will You Buy a Stove This Season?
Eveything from a little bedroom heater to the largest hotel range or furnace.
We are closing out some odd lines of Heaters this week at Special Prices.
We will take your old range in part payment on a new steel range.
Pacific Stove and Furnace Co.
Seymour 1248
Everything in Stoves
856 GRANVILLE, Between Robson and Smythe
Along line of P. 0. B. Bailway open parke like lands. The finest mixed
farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlors who have gone
in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
Wilton Block, Vancouvtr
There is nothing in the nature of compound in the
Famous ''Squirrel" Brand
Peanut Butter
which is an absolutely pure food, both nourishing and delicious.
Made up to a standard and sold at the standard price of 25c per
1-lb., in bulk and in 1-lb. tins.
We recommend that readers of The Federationist try a pound
Seymoar 1115 1285 FENDER STREET WEST
872 Granville Street
Wm. Rennie Co. of Toronto have opened a new store at 872
Granville Street with a full line of seeds, bulbs, poultry supplies and garden tools.
Is It Fair to Ask Vancouver Civic
Firemen to Work 21 Hour Per Day?
A littlo light on tho Two-Platoon System ut the present time muy help
to clour the atmosphere in Vancouver for those who are not familiar with
the increased coBt, and those who ure afraid that the new system will bo
a burden on the taxpayers. *' ^jlttfl
The public is being led to^believc that it will require n doubling of the
present force, when such is not the case.
At present a hall (-.(insists of 20 men in the congested value district,
allowing four mon their regular dny oft and eight mon out to meals, it
leaves a working strength of fourteen men.
Under the Two-Platoon System, this hall increased by two men and
divided into two shifts of fourteen men ench, would maintain the same
strength; but in order to insure a muximum of efficiency in this hall eight
additional men nre allowed, making seventeen on each shift.
This increase applies to halls No. 1 and 2. Outside hulls consist on an
average of five men; allowing one man his regular day off and two out to
meals, it leaves a working strength of two. By ndding three additional
men to these halls it makes a working strength of four men on each shift
at all times.
Trucks No. 1 and No. 2 have a presont strength of ten men each.
Allowing two their regular day off and four out to menls, it leaves a
strength of four; under the proposed changes these trucks are allowed
four additional mon each in two platoons of seven men.
Outside hull* are allowed a sufficient number of mon to keep their working strength well over their present average.
Vl Mill
Tax Levy
  0 .05
% 000.00      	
V, Mill
Tax Lev)
  $ .30
This system has been recommended by,the American National Bonrd of
Underwriters, and has been adopted in the following cities: Omaha, Nebraska; Seattle, Wash.; Yonkers, N. Y.; Knnsns City, Mo.; Grent Fnlls,
Mont.; Berkeley, Cal.; Kansas Olty, Kan.; and hus been recommended to
bo adopted in vurious cities throughout the United States nnd Canada.
Tho taxpnyer might ask: "Whnt Increase is it going to mnko in my
taxes?"   The exact figures ure as follows:
Thc government has enncted legislation to better Conditions wherever
possible, such as tho oight-hour duy for Minors, Women's Suffrage, Prohibition and several others that could be mentioned. We ask you to give
thc above facts your earnest consideration and assist us to remedy this
antiquated system now in vogue.
Petition forms at all five halls and at The Federationist ofllce, Labor
Executive Report One of the
Most Interesting In Its
Momentous Problems Being
Wrestled With By a
Huge Delegation
VV  o
A, WATSON, Chairman.     G. ,T. KICHARDSON
Executive Campaign Committoe.
[By Chester M. Wright]
greatest and most important convention ever held by the American Federation of Lubor opened ut Baltimore,
Md., on Monday Inst and will continue
in session for ut least unothcr week.
Aside from the numerous problems of
tbe American Labor movement that will
be presented to this congress of workers
for settlement, thore will be more and
deeper problems of internntionnl import
mice considered than ever before.
Something of a forecast of this is
found in the report of the executive
council, a voluminous and carefully pro
pared document of 1(12 pages.
The War Predominant.
The great war, of course, will bring to
the fore consideration of the relationship to European labor and will deraaad
fresh consideration of labor's plans for
the day of peace. When tho convention
met in San Francisco a year ago there
wns adopted a plan for a grent world
peace congress of labor to be held jointly with the peace congress of governments. This congress, the executive
committee reports, found favor neither
in England nor Germany. Thereupon
the executive committee adopted the
suggestion that those Labor movements
in warring countries nrgo upon their
governments tbe proposition that Labor
delegates be seated with the regular
governmental penco delegations in order
thnt the ideals and needs of wage earners be considered in this tribunal.
Membership Increasing.
The American Federation of Labor
now numbers its strength at 2,072,702,
thus having swept on and over the two
million goal, a striking gain over a year
ago, und a substantial lend over tho
high water mark of 1914, when tho
membership was about 2,025,000. This
vast army of workers has the power to
wield great influence in both domestic
and foreign affairs, and that it does is
well shown in the report.
Jurisdiction Spreading,
Tho growth of tho American Labor
movemont into a Pan-American Federation of Labor is described elaborately.
Thc formation of this great organiza;
tion, which, however, is yet in its initial
stage, forms one of tbo highly interesting fentjros of the report. It is gratifying to read over this history of tho
past ycur—u history in which the peace
of two nutions was involved. It is interesting to read tho telegrams that
went back und forth between President
Gompers and President Cnrranzu when
the Constitutionalists wero holding Am
ericun soldiers prisoners after the buttle
of Curriwil. To read the telegram from
President Gompers asking the release of
these mon and to rend the prompt reply
from the Mexican chief saying the re-
leaso had been ordered still carries a
thrill. So, too, is there still a thrill in
reading tho story of the calling of tho
Pan-American Labor conference nt the
moment whon wnr between tho two nations seemed almost impossible of avoidance, and of the growing up of the now
Pan-Amoricun Federation. There is in
it, too, its full shnre of inspiration,
teaching always tho value of solidarity
among workers and the vnlue of constant mutual understanding.
New Delegates.
Curios Lnvorin and Bnltnzur Pages of
Yucatan, two of tho delegates who snt
in that conference) have sinco toured
South America teaching tho need of a
great Pan-American Federation of Lnbor to the workers of the Lutin-Amori-
can nations. It is believed that they
will return in time to greet this convention bofore it adjourns and to bring to
it tho story of their achievements.
Tho historic compact signed at tho
joint Mexican •American Lnbor conforonco and already published in full in the
Labor press generally, is published in
the exocjtivo committee's report.
Labor's Stamp ln Evidence,
I     There is given to legislative achiovo-
Select Your
Season sSupply of
Fall   Underwear
The time for buying Underwear, especially oi* tbe
woollen varieties, was
never more opportune.
You benefit by our early
buying. Prices in our
Btock are only slightly in
advance of those prevailing before the war, and
the assortments were never more complete.
Fleeced Cotton Vests and
Drawers, with high or
Dutch neck, elbow or long
sleeves, ankle length. Special, 36c a garment.
Cotton Vests in a fine wool
finish quality, in high neck
and long sleeve style, ankle or knee length. 50c
a garment.
Cream Colored Cotton and
Wool Vests and Drawers,
in similar styles to the
above at 75c a garment.
Fine Spring-needle Wool
Alixed Vests and Drawers,
with high or Dutch neck,
long or elbow sleeves, in
knee or ankle length style,
priced according to size,
$1.25, $1.45 and $1.50 a
Mercerized Swiss Hib
Vests, in a medium weight
quality, high neck and
long sleeve style, $1.25 a
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
City Firemen Will Petition
for a Plebiscite on
the Matter
Two-Platoon System Will
Afford Greater Fire
THE CITY FIREMEN have decided
to petition tho people for a plebiscite, to be taken at the noxt election, as
to whether the two platoon system,
double shift," shall be inaugurated in
tho firo department, or whether they
shall continue to work under the present
continuous service system now in vogue.
The continuous-service system works
us follows: Tho men are on duty 21
hours per dny, the other three hours being allowed for menls. The mon are allowed ono day each week for rest and
to spend with their families.
The Two Platoon system works ub
follows: The day shift start to work at
8 a.m., and work continuously until 6
p.m., or 10 hours. The night shift start
at 0 p.m. and work continuously until 8
a.m., or li hours. Tho shifts alternate
every two weeks from day to night and
night to day. It can be easily seen that
thero is alwayB a fall crow, as no time
is allowed for meals, as the day men
can take their lunch with them and the
night men havo their meals before and
after work, Thero are no days off allowed, and tho men off duty are obliged
to maintain a telephone in their home.
Now, should n second alarm or larger
fire occur, the men off duty are notified
by tho operator, and they report to their
respective quarters, and if not needed
at the lire, they take tho empty apparatus back to quarters, load samo with
hose nnd go ioto Bervice, thus leaving
the full force protecting their respective
The city is faced with a very difficult
problem. It is a most evident fact, that
the Vancouver fire department is undermanned at the present time, and the insurance underwriters are asking for 15
more men iu the central halls in order
to keep thc present rates of insurance,
The automobile equipment is of the
best, the chief and his assistant nre capable meu nnd the individual members of
the force nre well trained und trustworthy.
It will be remembered, at the fire of
the Greshnm apartments, last winter,
how the windows were filled with men
and women screaming nnd beseeching to
be takea down and mnny were on tho
point of jumping whon thu liremen ar-
'Sam" Landers, ox-orgfiniacr of the International Garment Workers' union, and of late
the publisher of tho Labor News, Hamilton,
Out., has decided to try something easier
and more severe than financing a Labor
paper. He has enlisted as a prlvato In the
Hamilton Light Battalion.
meats a lengthy review in which the
work of the federation before congress
is set forth in itemized form, revealing
the emphatic stamp of lnbor upon the
nation's legislutivo history.
Railway Brotherhoods.
In settiug forth the record of the railroad brotherhoods' fight for the eight-
hour law, the report goes into the congressional threat of u compulsory arbitration law, or anti-strike law similar to
the Canadian industrial disputes net.
The report has thiB biting comment:
"Tho wago earners of the United
States will oppose any proposition to impose upon them compulsory institutions
which disguise involuntary servitude.
They hold that thc principle involved in
voluntary institutions is the key to personal und industrial freedom aad that
this principle is of more importance to
thom thnn any other consideration.
Tho immediate problem involved is
a class problem, but thc principle involved in compulsory institutions, even
for a class in our republic, iB of concern
to the whole republic, for wo know
that tho republic cannot be maintained
part free aud pnrt slave.
"Involuntary nnd compulsory labor
once enforced, even for a single hour,
will not halt ut its temporary enforcement, but will go nn und become permanent,
"In human institutions, when u
wrongful cause has been pursued, it inevitably is held or driven on to its logical conclusion of error. There then is
no retrieving excopt by u convulsion
brought about by n revolution."
Interesting Statistics.
During the year, the report stated,
strikes cost the federation $2,708,789,
Two hundred and sixty thousand people
were involved in them. Ono thousand,
one hundred und thirty-five strikes were
won; 183 were compromised; 305 are
pendiii" and 41) wore lost. Tho federation gained nearly 218,000 members, and
issued 2700 charters to organizations
joining it. Death benefits paid totalled
*2,2(14,:il0. Sick benefits totalled *1,-
The Work in Canada.
Discussing the work dono by tho Canadian organizations, the Committee
stated thnt a movement would be start
ed at the next session of parliament for
the repeal of the Canndiaa act that pro-
vents strikes during investigation.
Enlistments iu the Canadian regi
ments overseas iu the European wur
havo cost the organizations 22,000 members, and have created a labor scarcity,
it was said,
A Becord Report.
The report constitutes a record of the
year's work of the oxecutivo council,
and a busy your it hus been. But busy
ns the past year's hnB been, thero is
that in tho report that forecasts an even
blister ycur in tho montliB tn come.
There were plenty of ladders when
the fire department arrived, but as the
men wero so busy handling hose, in
order to stop the flames that they were
unable to handle the ladders. Had it
not been for the prompt action of a
number of Vancouver citizens in helping
the very few firemen available to put up
tho ladders and rescue the people trapped above by the flumes, Vancouver
would, in all probability, hnvo hnd to
hronicle u tragedy.
It will also be remembered ut the
Now England Fish Co. fire, had it not
been for the ablo assistance of the boys
in khnki a more Bcrious conflagrutiou
would very likoly hnve occurred.
This would have been avoided had thc
Two Platoon system been in effect, us
on the first aad second alarm, 00 men
would havo answered, compared with
52 ut tbat time. In the meantime all
the men off shift in their respective
districts would have beon notified and
reported to quarters, leaving a total of
.1.17 men to protect the city, un uren of
over 1(1 square miles, as compared with
about 40 men, as at that time.
It would require 70 adidtional mon to
the present force, which is 164, making
u total of 244 men. Each shift would
hnve 117 men with fivo oxtra men, to
take thc place of aay who may be sick
or on their annual vacation, therefore
insuring full and efficient crews on nil
the apparatus.
It would cost $75,000 to equip and pay
salaries of these additional mon. This
would cost the individual taxpuyor 50
cents on ench thousand dollars of hiB
nssessod proporty, which is a very small
amount considering the fact that he
would know his property was going to
be ably protected at all times and uot,
us at present, appartus coming to a fire
not properly munncd.
In view of these facts the firemen
ask: Would any fair-minded person op
pose this measure compared with tho nil
tiquutcd system now in vogue?
Thoy ask evory registered voter to see
thut he gets his name on tins petition
Vice-President Anderson Makes Survey
of Year's Work Among
During the past fiscal yeur thore has
been un increase in membership of
47,413," says Vice-president AnderBon
of the International Association of Machinists. "Ono hundred und twenty-
eight strikes have been won in thirty-
five different cities; involved in these
strikes were about 28,000 machinists.
Twelve thousand five hundred have beea
reported benefited aB a result of strike—
most of them having their hours of work
reduced to eight. Thousands of othors
have been benefited without resort to
strike. A few settlements were mnde on
the 50-hour basis.
"Thore are, at the present time, about
8000 machinists on strike. These strikes
hnve cost the association $250,928.49.
This includes regular benefits nnd donations made, but not the expenses of officers handling the strikes nor the
money spent from the fund of tho loeul
treasuries; 155 agreements wero reported to us aa being signed and many
others wero no doubt secured but no record furnished headquarters. During
this period $07,552.50 haB been oxpended
in death benefits.
These accomplishments seem almost
beyond belief, especially to some of our
members who hnve possibly tasted the
bittor cup of defeat in strikes, nnd to
thoso who nro familiar with the untiring
opposition arrayed against us by the
Metal Trades and tho Manufacturers'
associations. What wo have gained waB
not handed to us in a neat bundle. It
required hard lighting und many sacrifices on tho pnrt of our members."
In your next
order insist
Mayor McBeath Says Vancouver Should
Conduct Its Own Business,
"I am convinced beyond the shadow
of a doubt that the harbor should be
publicly owned and controlled and thnt
it should bo developed, not in tho interests of privato gain, but for tho public
benefit. A port is .international und a
national asset. I know of no other port
In thc world which is privately controlled nnd at the snmo time I huve yet to
loam of a port that offers such golden
advantages as Vancouvor. Tho port is
too big and tho opportunities for development are too groat to allow its do-,
volopment to bo carried out by' any pri
vato corporation,"—Mayor McBeath.
Nearly Always Left to Coroner's Juries
to Locate Danger Spots.
Coroners' juries soem to huve no difficulty in finding conditions thut warrant
thom in making recommendations for
tho safety of sawmill employees, which,
some how or other, tho governmont inspectors fail to locate—until after a
tragedy occurs. A verdict of accidental death, with u rider attached suggesting that manufacturers generally
should tnke steps to nfiford a greater
measure of protection for employees
forced to walk out on elevated convey-
era, was reached by the hoccin! jury empanelled by Coroner Dr. Fred. J. Doherty, lost Monday afternoon, at Now
Westminster, to inquiro into tho death
of Joe Parent, the young Frenchman
who met his death at Fraser Mills on
Saturday afternoon, Parent was oiling
tho workings of a big conveyor when ho
slipped ami fell u distance of sixty feet,
sustaining injuries from which he died
shortly ufterwnrd.
In u letter, Eugene V. Dobs, tho fnm-
oils champion of tabor, writes tho following: "Emanuel Julius has a most interesting style and nil his matter hus life
in it and pith, und appeals strongly to
the render." Numerous other persons
ngroo that Emanuel J-allus did u powerful piece of work when ho wroto "Tho
Color of Life," a unique volume which
contains fifty sketches and short stories.
Some of the best radical writers in the
country do not hesitnto to givo this original collection unstinted prniso. Our
renders who want literature that strikes
iiwuy from the beaten paths, should
send for a copy of '' Tho Color of Lifo,''
Send 50 conts to Emnnucl Julius, Box
125, Girard, Kansas.
ONE OF THE principal items of business at the last meeting of the
Street Kailwaymen was the discussion
of tho car men's striko in New York,
and the financial assistance of another
50 cents per member tu uid them win
their fight.
The board of management of Pioneer
Medical Attendance association met on
Tuesday, tho 14th, for the regulur
monthly meeting und considered a largely-signed petition for u doctor in Mount
Plousant for the convenience of those
who live south of False Creek. On account of the number of signatures contained on thc petition, the proposal was
formally considered by the board, and
the "doctor's union" raising no objection, it was decided in favor of the petitioners.
Tho question that was asked by us
some timo ago regarding " Carhartt "s"
appears to have been answered satisfactorily by their local manager, and we
arc given to understand that the factory
is operated strictly along union lines,
nnd further that thc employers have
concessions that the company has voluntarily given in order to maintain the
comfort and convenience of thoir workers. This being so, we recommend the
Carhartt products to all intonding purchasers of good union-made articles.
Considerable interest ia being taken
by our members in the discussion regarding tho concessions to u couple of
industries thut may locate in South Vancouver. Some of the councillors, who
arc seeking re-election, nre going to get
theirs alright when the tiallots nro counted, on account of being too ready to
give valuable concessions away in order
to induce the factories to locate in thc
municipality. The promotion of the proposed rolling mill will not under nny cir-
cumstunccs agree to a cla'jse in their
agreement whereby no Orientnls shall be
employed, ulthough we understand that
they havo agreed to a clause which
states that employeos shall be residents
of British Columbia. Isn't that rich?
Boys, keep truck of this and use your
voto accordingly,
Bro. Schofleld has again left us to re-
sumo duty with the military forces from
which he retired somo timo ago. While
we are not fully conversant with the do-
tails that led up to Quarter-master Sergeant Schofleld fs return to civil life, we
can gather enough fragments to build
the story upon. Sir Sam Hughes' forced
retirement and Bro, Schofleld'a resumption of military duties show quite plainly what the trouble wob.
With the starting of the new sheet
the "dark dny thoughts" have been
dispelled from the mind of Bro, But-
cliffe, No more waiting in the switch
for No. 2.
Spcnking about grout inventions:
Peter Duguid says that the man who
invented "interest" was no slouch.
Will any person kindly lend John
Hendry a good hunting dog. John was
out in tho wilds of Lulu Island- Inst
week hunting, but did uot havo nny
luck, although ho shot a fine specimen of
nn English sparrow which ho lost
through not having a dog.
Wonder when Pioneer Division will
wnko up nnd let tho peoplo know thut
there in a Street Railwaymen's union f
The idea of a socinl should be boosted
nlong, und mudo a yearly event. Wo
number nearly 800 members, and surely
that is sufficient guarantee of ita boing
a success.        „ J. B. G.
Phone High. 21
Factory 801 Powell
The Leckie
Street Boot
has all the qualities of a gentleman's boot plus
protection against
inclement weather
The lines arc genteel — graceful —
thoroughly up-to-
date models.
And thc "Leckie"
quality is there.
for   the
on    every
Quality ioesv
[/IN, before the
\name ^oesONi
v- that's a l
Refined Service
One Blook weat of Court Houee.
Uie of Modern Chapel end
Funeral Parlora  free to all
Telephone Seymour 2426
Miners and
who have copper properties worth
while, can bo plnced In touch with
actual buyers if they will Bond
full particulars to DRAWER 4,
Lnbor Templo, Vancouver, B. O.


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