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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 30, 1916

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OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADBS AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
FEDERATIONIST
The Same Old Hearty Handshake and Remembrance
of Friends
Says "McVety Is the Man"
for Labor on Compensation Board
CO. YOUNG, organizer American
• Federation of Labor." That's
the way the name appears in thc official
roster, but to the thousands of trade
unionists along the Pacific coast,
"Dad" Young conveyB the idea more
fittingly, for "Dad" is not only a
daddy in the Labor movement, but, as a
family man, possesses those human elements which make it possible for hinTt'o
work and feol for others. Though British Columbia is a part of the field within the jurisdiction of Organizer Young,
it has not been possible for him to pay
an official visit up this way for some
years. After having been sont from
here to California he was transferred to
Idaho, and while The Federationist haB
no desire to be guilty of a breach of
newspaper practice, thore is much
justification for the publication of
letter, received during tho week. It
reads:
"Dad's" Letter.
POCATELLO, Idaho, Jane 21—1 have
been on tho point of writing yo'a several
times in tho recont past, but kept put
ting it of! till I picked up a recent issue
of The Federationist, wherein it recorded the accidental death of your Bon, and
his funeral. I fake this opportunity of
expressing my moBt sincere sympathy in
your bereavement. Fnte dealB ub Borne
pretty hard blows at times, and while
kind words help some, they can't fill the
vacant chair.
Hard for a Coaster.
You will note that I am in the Rocky
Mountain country, whore I havo been
for tho past nine months, weathering a
very severe winter that is scarcely over
at this writing—snow hanging low on
the foothills; in fnct some snow fell
here night beforo last. Tho mountain
country Ih very busy ut points I hayo
visited in Colorado, Wyoming, Montana
nnd Idnho.
A Splendid Showing.
I huvo accomplished somo things in
the wny of organization. Succeeded,
among othor things, in perfecting an organization of a Btate Federation for th*'
State of Idnho in tho month of March.
This town of Pocntello was very poorly
organized when I arrived here last Sep
tcmber, having about nino organizations. Now, it hns nineteen, with n
good central body and n splendid build
ing trades couneil. Good working con
ditions have been established in tho
building trades, and fair conditions in
other organized trndes. There nre big
railroad shops here unorganized, and
ditions very bad. (TJ. P. shops) involved in late Harriman strike. Will be
compelled to organize before any
change of conditions. Conl mines in
Wyoming and Montana well orgnnized
and good conditions. Building trndes
wages range from $5 to $7 n dny for
eight hours.
Wbat of the Future?
I note that industrial conditions in
your Innd arc in bnd shapo, caused, to
the greatest extont, by tho terrible war
in Europe, and of courso hope with you
and all tho people of the world that it
will soon end, and may tho time be
hastened, when we muy behold in reality the vision of the future where n
great man said:
"I see a world whero thrones have
crumbled and kings nro dust. Tho
aristocracy of idloncss have perished
from the earth. I seo n world with-
ovl a slave, mnn at last is free; na-
tunjp. forces have by Bcience been
enslaved; lightning nnd light, wind
and wnve, frost ond flnmo and all of
the secret, subtle powers of earth and
nir nre the tireless toilerB of tho human race. I sen a world nt pence,
adorned with every form of human
art; with music's myriad voices
thrilled; where lips nro rich with"
words of truth; a world in which no
exile sighs, no prisoner moans; a
world where Labor receives its full
rownrd; where work nnd worth go
hnnd in hand; where the poor girl in
trying to win brend with the needle
—the needle that hns been called the
asp for the breast of the ponr, is not
compelled to the despernte choice of
crime or death—of suicide or Bhnme.
T see n world without the beggnrs outstretched palm; the mizer'B heartless,
stoney stare; the livid lips of lies—
the cruel eyes of scorn. And over all,
In the grent dome shines tho eternal
star of hope."
■ "McVety Ib the Man."
I note that, the British Columbin parliament hns passed tho Workmen's Compensation act, and thnt Bro. McVety
has been recommended to ono of the
positions on the commission, nnd I truly
hope thnt he will bo nppointed; for it is
my belief that he is peculiarly fitted for
such important work. , And let mo toll
you, that tho representative of Labor
that assumes a position of that sort
shol.ild not be a weakling, for he will be
confronted with duties if he is sincere
and honest that will tax his cournge,
ability nnd resourcefulness. McVety is
the man.
"Wet" and "Dry" At It In Montana.
I have many points yet to visit In
this state and that of Montana. Montana is in the throes of a "wet" and
"dry" flght, so you will readily understand thnt while that fight is on, very
little real work on the industrial field
will, or can bo done. I hope that very
soon most of these side issues will be
eliminated, so that some real constructive work can be accomplished.
" . . I Like Ton Just the Same.'"
I liko some of your editorials, and
others n little; nnd then again they
sound like a soap-box orator—juBt pawing the air. But I liko you just the
same, and extend my regards to all of
the trado unionists of Vancouver.
THE PATRIOTISM OF B.
C. LUMBER INTERESTS
True to the Profit-mongering Instincts of the Tribe of
Labor-skinners They Deliberately Undermine the
Military Strength of the Empire in Order That
Stream of Profit May Not Be Interrupted
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 30,1916
RESURfiECTINC
Capital City Letter Carriers
Hold Long Interesting
Session
IT HAS BEEN A MATTER of muoh satisfaction to every loyal and
patriotic Canadian, that the Empire's call for volunteers to aid in
crushing the sinful aspirations of Prussian militarism in its efforts
to force German "kultur" upon an un-willing world, has met with
such a splendid response from British Columbia. Many thousands of
her sons answered the call by offering themselves for service overseas.
Of those accepted many have already paid the supreme sacrifice, while
others have received scars and disabilities they will carry for the rest
of their lives. Even he who is bitterly opposed to war, upon general
principles, can scarce refrain from admiring the manner in which
these men have offered their lives upon their country's altar, in defence of what they believe to be a righteous cause.
         f Japanese Also Respond.
If will bo remembered that during
the earlier days of the war a movement
was started among the Japanese of the
province for the p'jrpOBe of recruiting a
force to be offered to the Dominion government for use in the great struggle.
Fifteen hundred Japenese offered themselves for such service and 250 were put
in training and were frequently to be
seen in practice marches upon the
streeta of this city. Much satisfaction,
was expressed in various quarters at
this evident manifestation of a desire
upon the part' of the Japanese residents
of tho province to aid the empire in it's
hour of need. This action of the Japanese did much to lessen the antagonism
thnt had previously existed against
them, in many quarters, as it clearly
indicated that their presence in British
Columbia was not altogether due to the
narrow and mercenary motives usually
implied,
Newspaper Ofllce Gets "Pied.
Residents of Vancouver will recall
that some months ago a sort of riot
broke out among the Japnnese of this
city, around the office of n certnin Japanese newspaper. This office was beautifully and completely "pied." In printer's parlnnce, typo is Bnid to be
"pied," when it is mixed up, either accidentally, or otherwise. Well, the
aforesaid newspnper offlce wns certainly
well mixed up during that riot, and it
was not altogether accidental. Next to
nothing came out at tho time to give
anybody outside of the Japanese* themselves any clue to tho reason for the
outbreak, It now leaks out that' it came
out of the matter of recruiting and offering of the Jnpnnese military unit to
the Dominion government. The men
were in earnest in their desire to serve
in the wrtr. The newspnper in question
had professed, through its columns, tn
know all about the government's intention to accept the services of tho Japnnese unit. As no word came from Ottawa, the men at last' got restless and
demanded of the proprietor of the pnper
something a bit more definite. At last
n date was fixed »,ipon which thev were
to bo tohl of tho acceptance of their
services. Whon this date arrived, nnd
thero wns nothing forthcoming but silence, they proceeded tn "pi" the shop,
Interest Shown in Coming
Convention Agenda and
Local Problems
VICTORIA, June 27.—Among the
special features of the regular meeting of the Letter Carriers, wns thc report of tho president, on the Hnrdman
fund. The trustees have, by hard work,
accumulated over $800, which with ,$4fi0
recently paid to the widow by the post
office department, will givo the family
much-needed help. The members appreciate thoroughly the good work done by
the trustees and especially tho devotion
and energy shown by Bro. Bird in connection with the work.
Want Union-made Apparel.
Probably the most important item
considered by the meeting was the unanimous adoption of a resolution, introduced by Bro. Holdrldge, thst the delegates to the Letter Carriers' convention
introduce n resolution demanding the,
union label on all uniforms and shoes
supplied by tho department to the carriers.
A PURITANIC
SAB&ATH
Wings of the Devil Clipped
in Vancouver on
Sunday
Sinful Sellers of Peanuts
and Ice Cream Cones
Squelched
Preparations for the Big Convention.
The agenda for the convention, recently forwnrded  to tho branches by
Secretary-treasurer McMordio, is a for- ,   , . _ ...    , ,..
midnble-looking instrument, covering Sins n gentle reminder thnt thev desired
pages of printed mntter and containing; to be  no longer  deceived    by    thnt
THB CITY IS I&ESSED, or cursed,
as the case may be, with a city
council of remarkable sagacity and
statesman-like qualifications. Also
with a segment or the "Lord's Day
Alliance." Sunday in Vancouver,
hns, up to the present, been a day of
pleasant social intercourse, peaceful
and quiet enjoyment and harmless
and healthful pastime. Did the children crave peanuts, or ice cream
cones, they could bo obtained at the
numerous shops and stands. Fruits
nnd caramels to weasc the phlate of
old or young, papers and magazines,
and even cigars (ind tobaccos could
be purchased, if jjesired. Band concerts were given in the public parks
and the human soul thus attuned to
the heavenly music of the spheres.
Now all is to be changed. Beginning
with next Sunday, the dny is to be
dedicated to that pietistic mockery,
painful solemnity, ponderous dullness,
sombre and lugubrious joylessness,
that made tho Sabbath of our puritanical ancestors both a horror and a
crime. No more peanuts and ice
cream cones; no more caramels and
such toothsome delicacies; no moro
smokes, no more literature, even of
the moral and spiritual excellence of
the local press, and no more music
either sacred or profane, to be allowed to be sold in the highways and
byways of this holy city. Groat is
the wisdom of the' city council, nnd
greater still is the thoughtful and
pious solicitude of the Lord's Day Alliance noso-pokera for the sinful souls
of peanut merchants nnd similnr vicious persons. But one step farther
and the eating of pennuts on the Sabbath will be prohibited, or even feeding them to the bears in Stanley
Park. The present city coiancil and
its pious ndvisers nre intellectually
capable of rising to tho occasion and
tnking thnt step. And thnt is about
nil the recommendation thnt could, in
decency, be giveu them. The less
Baid about tho cranial content of the
electorate that can stand for such
municipal wisdom, the better.
mf& POLITICAL UNITY : VICTOBTI
(boSrSST)     $1.60 PER YEAR
PROPOSED AMENDMENTS
FOR LABOR CONCRESS
THE TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS of Canada will hold its
convention this year at Toronto, as decided at the Vancouver
convention last September. Industrial conditions throughout
Western Canada will make it almost impossible for the federations,
central labor bodies and unions to be fully represented. However,
there will be a few delegates from tjie west. The members of organized labor are vitally concerned in the coming convention, and the result of the deliberations of the Toronto convention will be watched
with unusual interest. For these snd many other reasons the following proposed amendments to the general constitution of the CongresB,
considered by a special meeting of trade unionists in Toronto last
evening, will amply provide for a subject worthy of the beBt consideration of all interested in the future policy and worth of the Congress.
Amend Article S, Sec. 1, to road as fol-.	
lows: •
STREET RAILWAYMEN
ELECT OFFICERS
some 60 resolutions, three-fourths of
which aro oa amendments to tho constitution or bylaws. The meeting spent
nn hour nnd n half considering the sev
oral matters and instructing their dole
gates, Great enthusinsm was aroused at
times and intense intereat prevailed
throughout the meeting.
Delegates Will Visit Victoria.
Letters were received from Vnncouver Letter Carriers' making definite arrangements for n trip, by all the dolegates to the convention, over to fho
Capital City. It was referred to the entertainment committeo,
-    Holidays for Temporary Carriers.
Letter from Sec.-Treas. McMordie,
Toronto, pointing out certain difficulties in the way of obtaining holidays
for tho temporary carriers. As this
branch has already gone on record, by
instructing its delegates to use their
efforts to securo this for tho men, tho
letter wus placed on file.
Fay B. O. F. of L. Per Capita,
Tho account for per capita tax to the
B, C. Federation of Labor and other
sundry bills were ordered pnid.
Sundry Items.
Some forty items of the convention
agenda wero considered. Tho remainder will be tnken up at next meeting.
Among the new business introduced
was a request to thc convention to ask
the department to issue uniforms to
messengers when employed as collectors.
Oae member complained of his beat
being too large and asked for a thorough inspection.
Two memberB stated thnt officials had
informed them that no enrrier would be
allowed to live on his beat in future
Theso matters wore referred to tho executive, to see the postmnster,
Tho circular from the president of
the Trades and Lnbor Congress of Can-
nda, in ro conscription, wns filed, after
laying on tho table since Inst meoting.
The current dues of men employed ns
temporary carriers, in place of enlisted
memberB, wero reduced to half tho
amount paid by permanent men, tho reduction commencing July 1.
agency.
The Reason Why.
The service of tho Japanese battalion
has not been accepted by tho governmont nnd it will not be, either. Tbis is
what hns happoned. Energetic protest
has gone forward to Ottawa, ngninst the
acceptance of tho Japnnese offer. That
protest camo from the patriotic lumber
intorests of this province. It was not
made upon grounds thnt' would cast nny
reflections upon tho integrity or honor
of tho Jnpnnoso who offered to serve tho
Empire. It was mnde Bolcly upon the
ground thnt thoy woro needed to serve
the lumber interests of British Columbin. They were needed ns wnge slaves
in the logging camps nnd lumber mills.
If they wero allowed to go to tho front
and fight for the Empire, the places
Hamilton Strike Is Directly
Charged to Betrayal
at Ottawa
Organized Labor Members
Compelled to Strike in
Self Defense
ti-yHE BUNGLING of the Dominion
a govornment and its refusal to safeguard the interests of tho workers in
thoy might otherwise Win the Empire j Board the interei
of the lumber interest, would have to | JSS?S?nfc!?lSL--vf* 8U?ply W?rloB
bo filled with white lnbor thnt might
cost more.   And Ottawa listened to the
Canada, by tho insertion of fair wage
clauses in nil contracts and by agree
demands of thoso parthralar lumber gen- '"-"";""> «"> J»mtM outtalto to
Homon, and turned down He nOYr of l""*0.,11"1 »»">» stipulation Incorporated
Empire aid.  Tho term, patriotic, is huai   ',' n1,', I "V™ .■""•" l,cd*1" v"""'" hy
T.iko   all   of   their irihe,
•e   solely   by   the   profitable I "f ™s,».'° .I°r   "L0   ?'?"•"",,.'
of wage slave,. Week, while'« "kT° !" »», "** °f ?»?«* ,        .
* tho Industrial Banner, editorially.
Up to Federal Government.
"If thc Dominion authorities desire
they can reach such an understanding
with the British  govornment in very
short order, and their failure- to do so is: »«r  it
entirely inexcMsnble. ! Worker.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, July 2.—Moving Picture Operators; Bartondors.
MONDAY, July 3.—Boilermakers; Electrical Workors, No.
213; Brewery Workers; Tnilors.
TUESDAY, July 4.—Cigarmnk-
ers; Railway Firemen.
WEDNESDAY, July 5.—Press
FeoderB; Plasterers; Tilo Layers.
THURSDAY*, July 6.—Garment
Workers; Trndes and Labor
council.
FRIDAY, July 7.—Railway Carmen; Carpenters; Letter Carriers.
advisedly,
which li
skinning of wnge
nnd yellow, they nre pntriotic only to
those immediate material interests thnt
yield the sweet juice of filthv lucre.
All other empires can go to hell, for nil
they care.
A Few Succeed In Escaping.
Forty-ono of the Japanese who belonged to the battalion recruited here,
nro now serving with thc 18th C, M, R.
of Alberta. At least they have escnped
the clutches of the patriotic lumber interests, fnr the timo being. Everybody
acknowledges tho cournge of tho Japanese. If, therefore, those 41 hnve joined
tho C. M. R. of Alberta, in preference
to working in the lumber woods nnd
mills of British Columbin, let no one
doubt thoir cournge. but rnther commend them for their discretion nnd good
sense. It certainly is no worse, nnd it
is infinitely less menn and vulgar, to
lose one's life upon tho battlefield
through an excess of pntriotic fervor,
thnn to hnvo it ground out by inches in
tho mtllji of capitalism to swell tho co'f-
fors of those who arc patriotic only tn
their own fat.
After the White Goods.
Under date of Juno 28, press despatches record thc fact that Lieut.-Col.
Smytho, commander of tho 2fi8th battalion, left Ottawa fnr British Columbin
"to arrange for recruiting lumbermen
thero." This confirms thc contention
already mado that the tender of tho
Japaneso forco wos turned down nt Ottawa in obedionco to tho request of the
lumber intorests of this province. Thc
cheaper cIubs of labor was held back for
uso in the lumber woods, whilo the
higher priced nrticlo Is now to bo recruited for tho front, Thnt tho former
is mado up of aliens while tho latter is
composed of British subjects, evidently
cuts no ice with theso pntriotic lumber
concerns. The only thing thnt wns taken
into consideration was thoir rolntlvo
cheapness, And thnt Is tho measure of
capitalist patriotism nt nil stages of the
game. The workers nro nothing but
pawns upon the chessboard of exploita
ble officers of this Congress shall be
a president, three vice-presidents and a
secretary-treasurer, who shall constitute
the executive council of the Congress.
Amend Sec. to Read:
There shall also be elected a provincial executive committee composed of
three members and a chairman, from
eaeh province of the Dominion where a
provincial Federation of Labor does not
exist.
Strike Out Entirely Sec. 3.
Amend Article 6, Sec. 1, to read:
The president shall preside at all
meetings of the CongresB and of the
executive council, shull call the executive council for business at his discretion or upon requisition of two other
members of it, and shall perform such
other duties as are usually within the
province of a presiding officer of a deliberative body. He shall reseive the
sum of $5 per day along with regular
travelling and hotel expenses, for such
time as ho may be called upon to Bpend
in the execution of his duties as prescribed above.
Amend Sec. to 2 to read:
In the absence or in case of resigna-
tion of the president, ono of the three!
vice-presidents shall be selected to perform his duties by tho rest of thc council.
Amend Sec. 3 to read:
The secretary-treasurer shall keep a
correct account of the proceedings of
the Congress, and shall at the close of
each session prepare and have printed a
report which shall contain a correct record of the business transacted; he shall
receive all moneys payable to the Congress, giving hiB receipt for same, and
Bhnll expend it in payment of just debts
of tho Congress, as directed by tho executive council; shall issue to all labor
organizations in the Dominion, ns far as
he may be able, circulars notifying them
of tho sessions of the CongresB, together
with blank formB of credentials, at least
eight (8) weeks prior to the date on
which it is to meet, and shall arrange
for reduced railway fares for delegates,
and forward to all of whose election he
may havs notification tho certificates
which will enable them to obtain tho
same. He shnll act as parliamentary
representative during thc sessions of
the Dominion pnrlinment. nnd submit a
report of the same to the annual convention of tho Congress. Ho shall furnish and maintain a suitable office, centrally located in tho city of Ottawa, and
hire such necessary clerical assistance
ns ho may require from time to time, at
such Balnries as are approved by n majority of the executive council. He shnll
receive ns remuneration the sum of
$2000 per annum and regular travelling
nnd hotol expenses when called nwny
from the city of Ottawa. He shall devote his entire time to the service of
the Congress.
Amend Sec. 4 to read:
The executive council shall meet at
tho call of tho presidont at such time
and place as he may select, nnd shall
act for the Congress during the intervals between sessions. They shnll, in
conjunction with the provincinl executives nnd provincinl federations, wnfch
tho provincial legislatures, nnd the Dominion parliament, as to all measures
and mntters bofore those bodies whicli
mny affoct tho interests of labor, and
shall endeavor to furthor nil legislation
beneficial to labor. They shnll hnve
power to utilize the funds of tho Trades
nnd Lnbor Congress of Cnnndn for legislative and organizing work in Canada,
and to press for legislation in tho interests of wage-earners, nnd mny act in
conjunction with the delegates of nny
other labor organization  to thnt end
ill
E
Representatives Hold Joint
Sessions at Calgary
This Week
Counter Proposal Submitted
to Miners for Adoption
or Rejection
[By A. J. Carter]
CALGARY, Alta., June 29.—(Special
to Tbe Federationist.)—The Western coal operators, aB represented by
Messrs. Stockett, Wilson, Whitesides,
Young, Drinnon, Charbonnier and Mc-
Niel, met in conference here thiB week,
with Messrs. Graham, BiggB and Carter,
Miner's union officials, to consider a demand by the miners for a 10 per cent,
war bonus. The operators refused the
demand, but made a counter proposal
which the miners' representatives promised to place before the men for their
consideration. It might be stated that
whilst there is considerable agitation
among the miners for an increase in
wages, on account of the material increases in thc cost of living, there is
also a desire from all Bides to Settle the
apparent difficulties without involving
either the men or the operators.
Tho miners' officials called a meeting
of their executive members here on
Monday, when thoy made arrangements
to place before the men the offer made
by tho operators. It is expected a decision will be made within two weeks.
The operntors' counter proposition is
"an immediate increase of fivo per
cent., a further incrense of two and a
half per cent, on nnd nftor April 1,1017.
This 7H per cent, increase to remain in
force until March 31, immediately following tho ond of the Europoan war."
VAN LEAR FOR MAYOR
Machinists' Union Official Heads Poll
ln Minneapolis Primaries for Mayor.
Thos. Van Lear, ono of the most widely known officials of the Machinists'
union on this continent, has headed thc
poll at tho primaries, for mayor of Minneapolis. Van Lear is tho socialist party
candidato, and was nurrowly defeated
two years ago for the same position.
Van Lear visited Vancouver throe years
ago, and his many friends here will bo
pleased to hear of his triumphant election aa mayor of Minneapolis next November.
The Pioneer Division Scribe
Covers "Bullpen" Talk
For the Week
Makes Startling Suggestion
As to Solving Oriental
Problem
"DEVIL'S OWN NERVE'
tho British authorities, is directly
sponsiblo  for   tho   present   deplorable! Their remuneration shnll be the same ns
" "*    '"     " that of the president for time spent in
the service of the Congress.
Strike out Sec. 8, aa this is incorporated
in the above Sec. 4.
The cry is now for arms; nfter the
ill  be  for  alms.—Australian
Tho bringing of the munition work
ers, hy order-in-council, under the Industrial Disputes net, wns a step that has
placed these workers at a disadvantage
in carrying on negotiations with the employers, nnd has been roundly condemned by every international organization
whose members nre affected thereby.
Convention "Condemned Action.
"On Muy 24 the convention of the
Labor Educational Association of Ontario, with 115 delegates present from
nil sections of the provinco, nnd by a
Unanimous vote, condemned the action
of the government and demanded thnt
such action bc immediately revoked.
Has Become a Farce.
"As tho machinery has now entirely
broken  down,   and   ns  employers  can
cooly ignore the decision of any hoard
nppointed, it is time to call the farce.
Labor Sought ln Vain.
"Ontario labor hns spoken out with
no uncertain voice. All the international organizations have repeatedly interviewed tho governmont, and in vain
importuned for fair treatment of their
members employed upon this class of
work.
"All the workors of Ontario and Canada as'k for is a square deal, tho enactment of safeguards that shall protect
them from thc rapacity of heartless and
■unprincipled exploiters.
Workers "Fed Up" on Trifling.
'The  limit hns been  renched;  tho
tlon, to be played ono ngninst tho other,
either as food for tho machinery of industry, or foddor for cannon. It is interesting to noto thnt the proof of this
comes to us chiefly from capitalist
sources. That in why it is so convincing.
situation has become acute; things cannot bo allowed to drift longer. Again
we sny, it iH up to the governmont to
act, and, moreover, to act quickly, for
tho workers nro in no mood to stand for
further trilling.
"If the government desires it can set
tie thia question 'satisfactorily' once
for nil.
Hold Oovernment Responsible.
"If something is not done tho Hamilton protest will only be n kind of starter. The organized workers of Cnnndn
moan business, and they will hold the
authorities ut Ottawa responsible for
any further betrayals, They are tired
of promises, and the sooner the politicians at Ottawa recognize that fact the
bettor it will be for themselves and nil
concerned.
"Absolutely there hns got to be n
change nnd a square denl for the working claBB."
Must Oarry Fight to Ballot Box,
Events taking place in Canada at the
present time will have the inevitable
tendency of driving the workers to the
ballot box ns the only wny out. The big
strike in Hnmilton will do more to
awaken the masses to the necessity of
political notion than almost anything
olso can do. Tho workers in Canada
must emulate the example Sot them by
tho workers of Britain nnd Australia,
where they aro a power thnt governments m\ist reckon with, Times are
changing, now issues face tho people,
and tho losBon thnt tho toilers of Canada must learn is to mass their Strength
and mnke their influence felt where it
will bo decisive—at tho ballot box. The
future will be ours if wo only sny the
word.
What "Dick" Rigg Thinks of Effort of
"Brotherhood" to Oust McVety.
Writing under dato of Juno 21, Mr.
B, A. Rigg, Labor member of thc Mnni-
togn legislature for Winnipeg North,
says; " ... I note from The Fed-
orutionist' that you ore discovering new
elements in tho Lnbor movement, in the
shape of a candidate for tho commis-
sionership to administrate thc Workmen's Compensation act. A man must
be possessed of tho devil's own nerve
to pose In that capacity after having I nn his head tearing out tho wool by the
[By J. E. G.]
THERE IS VERY Uttle change to report regarding our semi-annual eleotlon. Most of the changes were given
last week. President W. H. Cottrell was
returned to office by a substantial majority over Bro. Byron. For vice-president, Bro, Rigby is returned, he having
beat hiB two men. Bro. Hubble agsin
represents the night men on ihe executive board., We regret that Bro. Foxcroft could not see his way clear to accepting the nomination for president.
Resolution of Condolence.
Tbe division unites in extending to
Bro. Bob Wallace its heartfelt sympathy in this his hour of sorrow. In losing both his wife and child within a
few days of each other, Bob suffers a
bereavement, the depth of which can
only be known to himself.
Bro. Ringland's Handicap.
Bro. Qeo. Ringlnnd 's one great handicap in life is that he is too modest. He
might just as well have had his name on
that bulletin. Aa a matter of fact there
is nothing to it except that it has stirred up the pangs of jealousy in Bro.
Hammond's breast. Why Arthur makes
a specialty of that kind of thing and
can see no reason for getting swelled up
over it.
As to Orientals.
No, friend, there is not the slightest
danger of the Orientals being forced
out of employment by a hard-hearted ■
city council. The consuls of the different countries interested will attond to
that. About that "White B. C." You
had better forget it. Somebody has
surely been kidding you. Wouldn't it
be a flne thing if the Canadians on this
coast had somebody to look after their
interests same as the Orientals have?
Our advice is to buy union-label goods,
if possible, and if you can't get the
label, why then buy off the Orientals all
you can, until such time as the local
merchants realize that their meal tickets aro at stake. Then maybe when the
Oriental storekeepers begin to outnumber the whites, the grent majority will
realize whut it means to have to compete against Orientals in order to exist.
That "Can" Factory.
The suggestion that wages and conditions nt the "can" factory on Burrard
Inlet should bo investigated is a good
one, and we pass it along to the central
labor body.
Adventures of Two Adventurers.
Brothers A. Bunting nnd F, Leavers,
pioneers of tho North Shore, havo returned from nn exciting trip to the
Peaco River country. Bro. Bunting is
well-known throughout the west ns a
professional broncho buster, but tho
mule that Aubrey hnppened to he riding
on this occasion was from Missouri, and
our auburn-haired friend saw the finest
display of fireworks he hnd over witnessed during his brief but brilliant
career on earth. However, Bro. Bunting is none the worse for his adventure,
except for a lump on his ear (where tho
burro kicked him) about the size of one
of Bert Hughes' pumpkins. For Leavers the trip wns a decided success, he
having bagged a couple of bears.
Monkeying with a Monkey.
We hate to givo too much space to the
Indian settlement acrosB the inlet, but
this is a good one. Bunny Abbott, a
highly-respected citizen of North Vnncouver and n shining light among the
Street Railwaymen, was the recipient of
many congratulatory exproBsions recently. It seems that a monkey had escaped from its owner, and Bro, Abbott
undertook to capture and return it.
Without going into details, we might
sny that thc hunt finished up by Bunny
being captured by the monkey, tho former being seen bending down Lonsdale
nt 15 miles por hour with tho monkey
stood aloof from the organizations that
hnvo done all the fighting during the
past fourteen or fifteen years."
Congress Secretary Endorses McVety.
In a letter to the manager of The
Federationist, under date of May 1st,
P, M. Draper, secretary-treasurer of tho
Trades and Labor Congress of C'nnndu,
said: ". . . McVety should be appointed on tho Workmen's Compensation commission. Ho is well-qualified
for thc job, and unless politics intervenes, he will, no doubt, bo nppointed.
FOR UNIVERSAL
EIGHT-HOUR DAY
"I hold that tho eight-hour dny
is bo incontestably right thnt the
demand for it is not n subject for
arbitration. It should bo taken
as a matter of .inalienable right
through tho economic power of
the workers. Not only should no
mnn be compelled to work moro
than eight hours a day; but no
man should be permitted to work
more than eight hours a dny except with the consent of his fellow workers, und under conditions
which thoy impose, by their collective bargaining powor, to see
thnt tho ono man docs not invade
nnd imperil the rights of his fellows. I hold further thnt the
right of the workers to collective
bargaining nnd tho right of every
worker to bo protected by his fellow workors from arbitrary discharge ure also the inalienable
rights of modern industry nnd
thoy nlso aro not subjects for arbitration."—Frank P. Wnlah.
hand fills,   If you want to hnvo somo
real fun sny "Jncko" to Bro. Abbott.
FREE PUBLIC HOSPITALS
Alberta Unionists Feel the State Should
Shoulder This Responsibility.
An orgnnization is being formed in
Cnlgnry to promote a big enmpnign for
freo public hospitalB in Alberta. This
is n question tnat will soon become n
national ono in thc face of conditions
that nro now tending more nnd more to
the recognition of the responsibilities of
the communities to look nfter the sick
in their midst and see thnt they get
proper medical attention. Let ub sincerely hope that Alberta will show tho
way.—Winnipeg Voico.
REFUSE COUNTER OFFER
Pacific  Coast  Longshoremen's  Union
Will Fight on for "Better Terms."
According to a daily press despatch
from San Francisco, the governing body
of tho Longshoremen's union on strike
at Pacific coast ports, has rejected tho
compromise offer of settlement mnde by
tho Waterfront Employers' association.
The statement is credited to J. O, Kelly
(Vancouver).vice-president of tho Pacific Const district of the International
Longshoremen's association.
BRITISH MINERS BUCK
Intimate to Authorities That Limit Has
Been Reached.
British minors, by a vote og 580,000
to 136,000, hnve just declared against
tho further extension of tho conscription law. Tho men are also opposed to
lengthening tho workday from eight to
ten hours per day, holding that the actual output would bo no greator, as the
men would lay off, and besides it would
bo difficult to restore the normal eight-
hour day after tho war,   . PAGE TWO
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FRIDAY .TUNE 30, 1910
JOHN McINNIS of Fort Georgo, has
been selected by tho socialists of
thut riding us their candidate at tho
forthcoming provincial election. Every
body in British Columbia knows "Jack"
Mclnnis. Ho served
CONSERVATIVEone term, 1907-1911,
RELIEF i n    thu    provincial
EXPEDITION,     house as the socialist
member for Grand
Forks. Although a stranger to legislative experience, the able manner "in
which he looked after the interests of
Lubor whilo in tbo house, did great
credit to himself and to the movement
of which he is a part, and stamped him
as a particularly earnest and well-informed advocate of the cause of Labor,
and one possessed 6f the indomitable
courage requisite to champion that
ctf.ise and push its attnek against odds,
no matter how great. That is why he is
so well-known to the working people of
this province. By tho same token is he
also well-known to the exploiters and
labor-skinners of this precious "neck of
the woods." In that type of Labor
man, the rulers, usually through the ol
factories of their political watch dogs
and pilot fish, scent' danger to their delectable game of ruling and plundering
and steps are at oneo tuken to ward it
off. The activities of Mclnnis in t*he
local house that made him well nnd
favorably known to the workers, also
made him well and unfavorubly known
to the exploiters. Hence he was beaten
at' the next election, nnd Grand Forks
riding was purged of the disgrace of being represented by an outspoken enemy
of sanctified capitalism. Mclnnis was
not only defeated at the polls, but also
ot ■ the gates of employment through
which the free-born wngo slave muat
pass if ho is to survive. He had to look
elsewhere for means of sustenance. Bat
evtin that experience, evidently, has not
dampened his enthusiasm nor lessened
his zeal for the only cause worth fighting for, the struggle of enslaved Labor
to gain its freedom from capitalist tyranny and exploitation.
* *       #
Tho Conservative gent who hnd been
selected to represent the new Fort
George riding, undor thc redistribution,
was evidently a political gun of small
calibre and low velocity. The danger
lying behind the candidature of Mclnnis has been scented. The big pilot flsh
have boen scouting, or sniffing uround
that locality of late, and the necessity
of sending a relief expedition has been
uncovered. Ross, of Fornie, minister of
lunds in tho Bowser government, is tho
relief expedition docided upon. It may
be readily seen that somebody duly
qualified to wrestle with land policies
und schemes, strictly from a Bowserian
point of view, would be the only person
qualified to represent the Fort George
district, for the reason that there is
more land up there than anything else,
and land at this stage of tho gome is a
political asset not entirely devoid of
vnlac. Hence Mr. Ross' particular fitness, nlthough he may, and no doubt
does, possess others.
* *      *
Rosb ib as well-known to the workers,
especially of tho Fornie district, which
he now represents in the provincial
house, as is '' Jack'' Mclnnis. His reputation, however, is not of the aame
brand. He has been able to carry the
elections for the Beat in tho house only
by resorting to methods that' the Fernie
workers declare not altogether ubove
shspicion. Though the art of "plugging" hnd not yet beon brought to its
present efficient stage, weird stories of
burned up ballot boxes, upsetting of
canoes loaded with election returns and
othor cunning little election tricks havo
been told nround Fernio, ns huving occurred in such close proximity to Boas
successes nt the polls ns to lend to tho
suspicion that such practices might have
had something to do with the defeat of
Tiis opponent's. At the by-election made
necessary by hiB appointment us minister of lands, he succeeded in beating
tho socinliBt candidate only by a narrow
minority, in spite of somo very suspicious work done upon behalf of this shining light in the Bowser government,
Much of the frutod intended to bo put
through wus forestalled by socialist
watchers at the polls, whoso watchfulness was considerably accentuated in
effectiveness by being supplemented by
revolvers of large calibre and dnngor-
ously loaded. Several gongs of strangers attempting to approach the polls,
evidently with evil intent, wero persuaded to forsake their sinful courBe
and return whence they came, by the
Convincing argument thua put forth By
the watchers.
* *      *
This relief expedition may, or may
not attempt to do in Fort George what
it has done upon previous occasions in
Fernie and elsewhere, but it will bear
watching. The sending of thia expedition is proof of alarm upon the part of
the watoh dogs. In case of danger
there is nothing that this hbly Conservative bunch will not resort to, unless it
might be "plugging." That, of course,
is a depth of infamy left for exploration by tho Liberals.    The Conserva
tives were never known to sink to that
level, oh., no.
*       *       *
At any rate The Federationist hopes
the  voters   of  Fort   George  will  elect
Jack" Mclnnis, and by an overwhelming majority. His fight for election
will be made in the open and upon tlio
straightforward demands of the working class for thc complete commund of
its own products and its own life. Uy
his evory act, whilo u member ut Victoria and by all he has done sinco, he
has proved himself an able and earnest
advocate of the cause of the world's
toilers. He is a Labor man in the
broadest and most comprehensive souse.
Too many such can not be sent to the
legislative chambers by tho working
class. The cleansing of the "Augean
stables" of capitalism is truly a heicu-
lean job. It will requiro mon to do it.
Therefore send men. Tho producers
have been too long sending capitalist
political dubs nnd scalawags. That is
why tho "stables" are reeking with
filth.
'HE BRITISH COLUMBIA PBDBRATlQ^tST
z -        , if ii   i Miry     z
..:..!.     i„    i\...t-       nnnn Tl. u     -ni«...      ..i-      It.      ..II      . ,.        t-^J^.'SmUl       A——,'———<■ ^..S11
FRIDAY...
...JUNE 30, 1910
been. The pity of it all is, fronT-flf*
Labor standpoint, that even a limited
extension of tho regime of capitalism is
to be forced upon the human family.
From the constant turmoil und misery
that has already been forced upon the
working clnss by its baneful rule and
the avalanche of agony now engulfing
the world, as the very culmination of
its legitimate possibilities, it would
seem that overy working man, especially, should be ready to do all and dare
all for the purpose of ending it. From
the manner in' which countless millions
of workers have repudiated tho intorests
of their class bf flying to arms in defence of the empires of their masters
and exploiters, leads inevitably to tke
conclusion that further and Btill more
bitter schooling under tho lash of slavery is necessary in order to awnkon
their intelligence to a conception of the
ridiculous figure thoy and their class
cuts in the great capitalist scheme of
making lifo miserable for tho useful
members of society, while at the same
timo converting the useless into nuisances both mischievous and dongorous.
OONER OR LATER this European I It' still further nnd more drastic courses
Si-
war will come to an end. The ultimate exhaustion of the Gorman and
Austrian-Hungarian empires will mark
tho end of the struggle. But unless the
immediate aftermath
THE ARRIVAL of thi) war shall
OF STATE prove to be a period
CAPITALISM. of revolution, that
shall remove all feudal and semi-feudal junk from the pathway of human progress and clear tlio
way for the working class to come info
ita own, the future will look dark indeed. Unless this should occur, it is ul-
most a certainty that a state capitalism
will be onthroned, that will be as much
worse than that' of ante bollum days, as
military rule is worse than political
rule. State capitalism is nothing, and
can be nothing but thc abrogation of
all civil authority and the reversion to
thnt nutocratic and arbitrary military
rulo thut murked the history of tho
middle ages. The .military establishment will include all industry, a condition that is now possible, us well as inevitable, if the atate is to continue as a
refuge of ruling ,class interests. The
military dominance of industry is now
possible becauso of the fact that modem mechanical development haa maased,
organized ; and drilled the industrial
workers to a degree of efficiency and
precision that ao completely fits them to
become a part of the military establish-
rifent that all that iB neoeaaary ia a government edict to that effect. No further proof of this iB required than the
acts of the British and other governments, in this respect since the outbreak of the present wur. Nearly all of
the really dominant industries of moro
than ono of these countries have already been brought undor state control,
and it is a fairly safe bet that they will
remain there.
* #       *
It is rather sickening to note with
what gusto many well-meaning persons
acclaim the super-excellence of German
industrial organization over that of the
rest of the world, ut the outbrenk of
the war. The fuct is that no such superiority existed. What did exist, however, was u foudul autocracy armed and
equipped with the industrial and military man-killing machinery of modern
capitalism. In the nations of Western
Europe political development nlong
lines leading, or tending towards democracy, had well-nigh destroyed feudnl
autocracy by driving tho wedge of civil
authority between the absolutism of
military rule and the industrial process.
When the war storm broke loose from
mid-Europe, these western nations were
forced to immediately revert to military
absolutism, in order to withstand the
fury of hell turned loose by tho Teutonic feudal regime. All of the boasted
German superiority expressed during
the early daya of the war and blown
about by surface-skimmers even yet,
only survived for so long us it took the
western nations to discard the babila-
ments of civil authority acquired during the last two hundred years and revert to the autocratic savagery of feudal mid-Burope. Immediately the milM
tary powor asserted itself over the industries needful to the prosecution of
war, the recovery was swift nnd the
bubble of alleged German superiority of
organization and industrial power was
soon punctured. Tho disenrding of civil
authority and the nsaumption of greater
powor by the militnry, ia still going on,
eapecially in Britain. By the-time the
war ends it will bo complete, and u not
long sinco budly frightened capitalist
ruling class will be well ontronched behind a military absolutism, the only
safe sanctuary of refugo that rtolera and
robbers over had in ull hiBtory and all
time.
♦ *       *
The experience of tho workers, during tho rule of capital up to the present,
has beon thut of continued and biftor
struggle in order to exist. Individual
and corpornt'o unitB of capital, bunded
togothor into moro or less loose natlonul
aggregations, have not only forced tho
workera to untold depthB of degradation
und miaery, but havo boen powerless to
avoid throwing the world into cataclysm after cataclysm of disaster. Tho
ono now on threatens to destroy tho ruling class itself, and bids fnir to do so
unless a purely military, or stato capitalism shall emergo from it, which will,
for a time at least assure that class a
further lease of power. If auch an outcome of the war obtains, then it wiU be
capitalist stato against capitalist stato
in the vulgar and brutal struggle to dispose of the proceeds resulting from the
plunder of an enslavod working class, a
class held in slavery and plundered by
means of the machine gun and tho bayonet. It is little satisfaction to realize
that the period of stato capitalism will
probably be shorter than that of individual  and   corporate  capitalism  has
n the school of experience are necessary in order to hammer some sense into
the heads of workers, und devolop a
little class instinct and clnsB solidarity,
probably a lifetime or two undor stato
capitalism will do tho trick. To bo
prodded to work by tho bayonet nnd
driven to the ennnon's mouth by conscription will at least leave them with
a sense of solf-respecj; that must be
lacking under the present method
whereby they voluntarily offer themselves as a sacrifice upon the ,altor of
capitalist industry through ignorance,
and upon the altar of Mars through
patriotism. The difference between boing directed1 upon thc industrial field "By
a factory whiBtle nnd upon tho field of
war by a bugle, is but slight anyhow,
To add the bayonet to the whistle call
in order to emphasize it's meaning might
devolop in the alave a spirit of self-reli
anco that would mako it possible for
him to do away with the alarm clock,
The state capitalism thnt has all but
completed its arrival already, wiTI no
doubt be pretty woll on its feet by tho
time the war onda. Fooliah working
mon, alleged aocinlists and otherwise,
will then be able to dotormine how governmont ownorship tnstes and the proof
of the pudding is said to be in the ent
ing thereof.
[will fill a long felt want among
the ^Sfoenn natives. As 200,000 gallons
of rum would be equivalent to about
(iOOO barrels, it is evident thut the African "need" runs more along the line of
rum than flour. Or if it possiblo thut
rum possesses a greuter efficiency in the
mutter of conjuring forth vuluable mahogany logs from shiftless African natives, than flour? Owing to a lack of
information much will have to be lef?
to tho render's imugination, but he who
has road of the rubber atrocities of
Sauth America and the Congo will not
have any trouble iu completing tho
story.
*   *   * ,
In the old days the ships used to return louded with "niggers." The term
is not used hero ns" u term of reprouch,
but merely ub a bourgeois commonplace
The "niggors" were brought over for
exploitation by the plantation owners
of the south. There ia no longer n
market for "niggers," aa thero is an
ample supply on hand, both black nnd
white. But thero nro still mnny'of tho
tribe left in Africa, and it is contrary
to profit-mongering tradition that any
shall be slighted in tho labor-skinning
procesa. Hence tho blessings of civilization 's skinning process is carried to tho
benighted African nativo who formerly
knew it not. That this blessing ib
brought to his thirsty soul through tKc
medium of New England rum, which lie
sorely needs and is paid for in mnhog-
uny logs, which he does not, nt onco
lifts him to the cultfural level of liis
American wngo slave brother who obtains the things he needs by tho same
simple and ensy process. It is very
much liko getting money from home, or
working in a brewery. It is a vory
close nppronch to getting something for
nothing. That is somebody gets something for nothing out of the process,
but come to thing of it, it may bo the
trndcr insteud of the worker. And is
thnt not truo of nil trade? What does
the workor get out of it except the
worst of it? Our world trade? Good
joke that. Tho working nnimal, however, being devoid of humor, doesn't
aeo it.
A CENTURY AGO ships that had
visited the African coast would
oftentimes enter United States
ports with their holds stuffed full of a
very valuable cargo, in the shape of native Africans who
THE MODERN had been forcibly
WAY OF seized   for   the  pur-
DOING IT. . pose of being sold
into slavory upon the
plnntntions of the southern states. Many
a magnificent fortune waa built up out
of this delightful traffic, both in England nnd on this side of the water. Tho
very cornerstone of moro than one Eng
lish noblo houso wns laid by such practice, and many of hor greatest commercial concerns laid the very foundation
of thoir greatness in this odious traffic.
As time went on, however, the coarse
and clumsy ruffianism of tearing help
less natives from homes and kin and
thrusting them into hopeless servitude
from which they could not hope to escape, became unfashionable. The reason
of this wns that this manner of obtain
ing slaves got too expensive A cheaper
typo of slavo was found in the shupe
of the '' free laborer.'' As there whs no
initial investment required in his case.
it may be readily seen why ho was destined to supplant the type that culled
for the expenditure of considerable
Bums to capture and bring to the point
whero their services wero required. A
slave who would capture himself and
voluntarily offer such capture to a master without cost to the latter, was far
better, becauso cheaper, than one who
had to be purchased at a cost of prdb
ably several hundred dollars. AB"soon
as this greater cheapness of wage slaves
wus discovered, a very pronounced revulsion of feeling against the nefarious
traffic in slaves became manifest
throughout the Christian world. This
form of slavery was denounced ub inhuman, unchristian, ungodly, un-American and wicked and waB eventually
abolished nt tho expenao of ono of the
greatoat wars in history. But sinco that
time tho smug Christian conscience hns
not beon troubled bocouse of tho existence of slavery. From the avorngo
christian yapping of the timoB one
would almost bo led to believe that
alavery no longer exists, and that all
the besetting sins of humanity now*
chiefly arise from tho Innate cusBedness
of working animals who spend their ill
gotten gains in riotous living, instead of
.practicing that abstinence, thrift and
sclf-deninl thnt alone lends to righteousness.
* * *
It has boen noticed that since the first
of the year fully half a dozen sailing
ships have loft American ports laden
with New England rum, for the west
coaat of Africa. It was a matter of
much apeculation as to what thoir return cargo would consist of. The first
of those wind-jammers recently return
od to Boston with a cargo of half a mil
Hon foot of mahogany logs. It docs not
require much calculation to discover
that such a cargo is worth far more
than nny cargo of slaves that was ever
stored in n ship's hold. An eastern
daily rofors to the Incident with gli
as an indication of the satisfactory
manner in which "our world trado is
growing," while the growing is good.
At tho time of the arrival of the cargo
in question another capacious wind-jammer was just ready to leave Boston with
200,000 gallons of rum, 1500 barrels of
flour, and "othor things the natives
seem to be in need of," as the doily
mentioned naively puts it.   No doubt
From Jan. 1 to June 1 of thia yoar,x
802 mon were killed in the industrial
establishments of Pennsylvania. Five
hundred and thirty-seven women were
mado widows, 1109 children robbed of a
father nnd 37 other dependents lost
their means of support. The total compensation awarded amounted to $743,-
000, or n little loss than $1000 in each
enso. Gen. Sherman Baid "wnria hell."
Now will some kind gent, either militnry or otherwise, bo good onough ^o
assure us that peace is honven? Or is
it a fnct thnt thero is no auch thing as
pence, under the rule of cnpitul? Tf
that be the cnao, why it is just merely
hell nil the time. ,
Karl Liebknecht. the able nnd courageous socialist member nf the German
Roichstng, hna boon sentenced to thirty
months' pennl servitude and dismissed
from the army "for attempted high
treason, gross insubordination nnd resistance to tho authorities." True son
of his father, ho will accept such sentences with calm resignntion due to his
un swear ving loyalty to, and faith in the
ultimate triumph of the cause for which
he has so bravely struggled nnd fought,
While, his comrades from nil over the
world are sending frnternul greetings fo
him, they should not forget to congratn
lato him for his good fortune in not.
huving been u "conscientious objector"
in Great Britain. In such case he would
not have gotten off so lightly.
According to the record of the Pennsylvania's public service commission's
bureau of accidents, there were only
15,000 accidents on the steam railroads,
street railways and othor common carriers of that state during the year end-
ingJtfay 31,1916. In timo of war these
would have been termed casualties. Survivors would be heroes, and the dead
inscribed upon the roll of honor. That
"peace hath its victories, aa well as
war," is no doubt true. At any rato
the industrial field seems to bo fully as
bloody as the field of battle, though,
pertfnps less glorious^ and tho only victories that bourgeoia history ever deems
worthy of boasting about, aro those
that are won through blood and carnage If a trail of blood in timo of
war is to be considered us an evidence
of victories won, why should not n trail
of blood in timo of industry bo likewise
a proclnmtion of victoriea achieved?
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
SAVE ALL BOTAL OBOWN COUPONS AND WRAPPERS
THEY ABE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEETS
first and third Thursdays. Executive
hoard: James H. MoVety, presidont; R. P.
Pottipleco, vico-president; Helena Gutteridgo, general secretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill.
statistician; sergoant-at-arms, John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J, Brooks, trustees.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL.—
Meets   second   Monday   In   tbe   month.
President,  J.  McKinnon;   sercotary,   R.   H.
Neelands, P. O. Box 66.
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 676.—Offlee
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets first
Sunday of each month. President, James
Campbell; flaanelal secretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Soy. 4762; recording secretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main street.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION-
nl Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in the month,
room 206, Labor Temple. Presidont, L. E.
Herri tt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
street.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
—M*>etp evorv lut nm\ srd Ti"»«rt"»v
8 p.m., Room 807. President, F. Dickie;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
63; flnanclal secretary, W. J, Pines; business
airent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 216.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third Monday of ench month, Room 802, Labor Temple
8 p.m. President. A. Sykes; secrotary, Chas.
G. Austin. 732 Seventh avonue east.
BROTHERHOOD OP . BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
\morlca. Vancouvor Lodgo No. 194—Meets
Arst and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President.
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avonue west:
secrotary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street.
DEEP SEA FTRHERMENS UNION OF THF
PACIFIC—Meets at 487 Ooro avenue everv
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russell Kearley, business
agent,
ELECTRICAL WORKERS. LOOAL NO. 21"
meet" room 206. Labor Temple everr
Monday. 8 p.m. President. D. W. MoPnn trail
1162 Powell street: roeording secretary.
R. N. Elgar. Labor Temple; financial secretary and bnsinesf- agent. E. H. Morrison
Room 207. Labor Temple.
rNTER\MTTONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S  AS--
SOCTATTON.  Local  8BB2.    Offlew.  Asm-
elation  hall,  10 Powell  street.    Meets everr
Sunday, 2;80 p.m.   Thomas Nixon, secretarv
MACHINISTS.   NO.   182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Fridays at B p.m.   President,
■T. Mc.Tvor: recording secretary. .7. Brookes;
flnanclal secretary, J. H, McVoty.
MILK WAGON DRIVERS' UNION. No. ftfi—
Meets second and fourth Thursdays. Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, Georgo Anderson.
Satfl Prince Reward street: Phono Fnirmont
1720-O. Secretary. Stnnley Tiller. 312 K|Kh-
teenth avenue west: phone Fnirmont 768L.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets
in annual convention in January. Executive officers, 1916-17: President, Jas. H. McVety; vice-presldontB — Vancouvor, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, C, Siverts;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompson, P. O. Box 156; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart: District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's NoBt Volley), A. J.
Cortor. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, P.
O. Box 1538, Victoria, B. C.
VICTORIA, 8. O.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUN-
OIL—Meets first and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government itreet, at 8
p. m. Presidont, G. Taylor; Bocrotory, F.
Holdrldge, Box 302, Victoria, B. O.
, NEW WESTMINSTER
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784,  New Westminster.
Moots second Sunday of oach month at 1:80
p.m.    Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
MOVING PTCTURE MACHTNE OPERATORS' UNTON. Local 348., I. A. T
8. E. & M. P, M. O.—Meets flrot Sunday nf
each month. Room 204, Labor Temple
President, J. C. Lachancn; business agent, W.
E. McCartney: flnnnclnl and rorrenpnnding
secretnry, H, C. Roddan. P. O. Box 345.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity—
Rrnnch meets second nnd fourth Mondnys.
Room 205, Labor Temple. President. Ray
MoDongalt, 601 Soventh avenue west; flnanclal socretary, J. Campbell. 4869 Argyle
stroot; recording socretary, E. Westmnrelnnd,
1512   Yew  street;   phono   Bnvview  _____
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Provinco of British Colombia, may bo leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annua! rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leased to one
applicant,
Applications for loase must bo made by the
applicant in porson to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district in whieh the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land mast bo described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in unsurveyod territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of 15, which will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of Ave cents per ton,
The person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent wtth sworn returni accounting for the fall quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may bo considered necessary for the working
of the mine at tbe rate or 910 an aere.
For full Information application shnnld he
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. H. CORY.
Deputy Minister of the Interior,
N. B.—Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80600
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION (VAN-
COUVER), No. 69—Meets second Tuesday, 8 p.m.. Room 204. President, W. Bell
2220 Vine street: secretory-treasurer, E
Waterman, 1167 Georgia street: recordfnr
secrotary, W. Shannon, 1789—28th avenne
east.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EMPLOYEES, Pioneer Division, No, 10>t—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:80 and 8 p.ro. President, W.
H. Cottrell; recording secrotary, Jas. E. Griffin, 166 Twenty-flfth avonue east; financial
socretary and business agent, Fred A
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held first Tuesday in each month, 8 p.m.
Presidont, Francis Williams; vice-president
Miss H. Outterldge; recording sec, C. McDonald, Box 503; financial secretary H
Nordland, P. O. Box 503.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. NO. 226.—
Meets last Sunday of each month nt 2
P.m. President, Wm. H. Youhill; vice-president, W. R. Trotter; secret ary-troasuror, R.
H. Neelands, P. O. Box 80.
Union
MADE
Beer
fte
AND
Porter
SEA> Of America rQxr
COPTBISHT flTHADE HARK REGISTERED 1903
Vote against prohibition! Demand personal liberty In choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee tbat It is Union Made. This ia onr,Label
Phone Seymour 4490
PRINTERS,  PUBLISHERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B, 0.
The insurance compnnios of tlio
United Kingdom will no longer accept
any bets upon whether a man will escape with his life in case ho enlists for
the war. As ono of the insuranco bookmakers recently put it, "any man wKb
wished battlefield insurance would have
to pay us much more money in premiums than we could pay his beneficiaries. An even bet we could not afford to tako. He'd be betting us $100,-
000 any, that he would bo killed, and we
would be betting the same amount that
he would not. All the odds would bo in
his favor." It is plain enough to seo
that such wo-uld bo tho caso, for if is
almost cortain that he would be killed.
But ho would win the money, which
should at least be some satisfaction to
his beneficiaries, if not to himself. It
is rather refreshing to see these insurance schemes viewed in their true light,
as merely gambling agencies. It has always been a mystory to us how any ono
rorld be so carried away by the gambling instinct as to make a bet that they
could only win by dying. It Is easily
understood from the bookmaker's standpoint, however, as he stands a good
chance of living to enjoy the winnings.
1' Bismethylamlnotetraminorasonoben-
zenehydroehloride contains 26,5 per
cent, of arsenic. It is well to remember
this when asking for it casually at the
chemist's."
PROHIBITION ACT
Opinion of a Vancouver Work-
ingman Who Has Gone Carefully Over the Measure.
"The worklngman who uses alcoholic beverages generally
takes malt leverages, such as beer, ale or stout, rather than
stronger liquors, such as whiskey or brandy.
"The means of the worklngman are usually somewhat limited, aud the act is unfair to him ln that, while lt allows him
to import his favorite beverages from outside the province,
the conditions are such as would compel him to pay out a
lump sum, whereas now, by purchasing by the glass or bottle,
the money is paid out ln small amounts.
"When importing, beer the high transportation charges on
the long haul of 600 miles will mean that the worklngman,
instead of paying 5 cents per glass or 16 cents per large bottle for his beer (now the price in the coast cities), will be
forced to pay a much higher price for this pure health-giving
commodity. /
"The Act will naturally work out ln Increasing the consumption of whiskey and decreasing the consumption of malt
beverages. If this whiskey is obtained locally the working-
man will again he at a disadvantage as he would probably be
compelled to pay for a doctor's prescription and then pay
'drug store' charges for having it filled."
"THE AOT IS CLASS LEGISLATION WHIOH
DESIGNEDLY OB OTHERWISE, WOBKS TO
THE DISADVANTAGE OF THE WORKING-   '
MAH."
As fair-minded men, the electors of British Columbia are
asked to carefully consider the terms of the Prohibition Act. PBIDAY...
...JUNE 30, 1916
THE BR
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
GOOD MALT and HOPS,
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
§#|^
"The Beer.Without a Peer"
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
THE BREWING of CASCADE BEER is the
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
THE  PRINCIPLE  OF
' TEMPERANCE
is good—be temperate in
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
A FOOD AND DRINK IN
ONE FOR SALE AT ALL
DEALERS
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
VANCOUVER
BREWERIES LTD.
.fflSB.
"brewep1FS>!*
hotel &fw*"-y
tRBREVJl
VANCOUVER*^
fA
NEW*
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
VANCOUVER and VICTORIA
TEMPERANCE
is good for all men; total abstinence is a mattor of expediency for some
mon. The total abstainer has no moro right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the tomporato mnn has to compel
tho abstainer to drink what' he neither likes or chooses by foroe of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink* it'b a food.   Ask your dealer for'our
^ands.
BRITANNIA, PALE
OK
PREMIER
WESTMINSTER BREWERY
LIMITED
A. E. SUCKLING & CO. LTD.
VANOOUVER DISTRIBUTORS
ASK FOR
B. C. Special
RYE
Whisky
Nine Years in Wood
UNSURPASSED
IN QUALITY
AND FLAVOR
EsUMishU 1903
ACT IS FURTHER
Third of Series Dealing with
Important Clauses Affecting Workers
Workers Should Familiarize
Themselves with Provi-
\
/ sions of Act,
/
LUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE?
■FIVE YEARS AOO
Trades aud Labor Council.
Friday, July 3, 1891.
President Jos. Dixon in tlie chair and
Oeo. Bartley acted as secretary.
On request of building trades of Taeoma, Wash., workmen were requested
to keep away from that city. Strike on.
Officers elected: President, Wm.'PIem-
ing; vice-president, Goo. Burtley; secretary, John Ar Pulton; treasurer, J. L.
Franklin; statistician, H. R. Brooks;
doorkeeper, ThoB. Pnttersonf'ilnance
committee, Hugh Wilson, Dan O'Dwyer,
Harry Cowan.
Decided to hold Labor Day celebration on or about' September 1st.
Thos. Oliver gave notice of motion,
'' that a code of rules be framed for the
whole of the building trades."
Meeting adjourned until 8 o'clock tomorrow (Saturday), July 4th.
/    f|y Jas. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor)
Last week the industries covered
under the old and the new compensation acts were enumerated, and after
showing the classes of workmen affected, tho writer will endeavor to sfiow
what they would receive under the old
and new acts.      f
' Payments Under Old Act.
In case of death, under the old act,
the dependent's receive a sum equal to
three years' earnings, but not more than
$1500; medical attendance and burial
expenses not exceeding $100, if deceased leaves no dependents; in cases of disability, after the seeond weok, the workman receive 50 per cent, of average
weekly earnings, such weekly payments
not to exceed $10 per week, and the
total payments not to exceed the-
amount of $1500.' A lump sum may be
substituted for the weekly payments
after six months, at the request of this
employer, tho amount to be settled in
default of agreement, by arbitration.
Any decision under this act is subject
to appeal through the courts to the
privy council.
Provisions of New Act.
To givo the fullest information regarding the compensation, when and to
whom payable, sections 15 to 20 are reproduced in full:
15. (1) Where death results from
tho injury, tho necessary expenses of the
burial of the workman, not exceeding
the sum of $75, shall be paid in addition
to all other compensation payable under
this section.
(2) Where death results from the
injury, compensation shall be paid to
the dependents of the deceased work
man as follows:
(a) Where tho dependent is a widow
or an invalid widower without any dependent children, a monthly payment
of $20 during the lifo of such surviving
spouse.
(b) Where the dopendonts are
widow or an invalid widower and one
or more children, a monthly payment' of
$20, with an additional monthly payment of $5 for each child undor the age
of 16 years and for each invalid child
ovor that age, not exceeding in the
whole $40.
(c) Where tho dependents are child
ren without any widow or invalid
widower, a monthly payment of $10 to
each child under the nge of 16 years
and to oach invalid child over that age,
not oxceeding in the whole $40; nnd-,
i (d) Where there is no widow, invalid widower, child undor tho age 16
yonrs, or invalid child over that ago ns
a dependent, but the workman leaves
other dependents, a sum reasonable and
proportionate to tho poc'aniary loss to
such dependents occasioned by tlfe
death, to be determined by tho bonrd,
hut not oxceeding $20 per month to a
parent or parents, and not exceeding in
the wholo $30 per month.
(o) In any case within the provisions of clause (a) or (c), if thc workman leaves a parent or parents who nre
dependents, thc board mny in its discretion award to the parent or pnrenta a
sum to bo determined by the'board, but
not exceeding $20 per month, and not
exceeding with the competition otherwise payable under this subsection $■
per month.
(3) Where thero are both total nnd
partial dependents, tho compensation
may bo allotted partly to the total nnd
portly to tho pnrtinl dependents.
(4) Tho payments provided under
clause (d) of subsection (2) shall continue only so long ns, in the opinion of
tho board, it might reasonably have
been expected had the workmnn lived
he would hnvo continued to contribute
to the support of the dependents.
(5) Payments in respoct of n child
undor tho nge of 16 yenrs shnll cense
whon the child attains the nge of 16
yenrs or dios, provided thnt in case the
child at tho time of attaining the nge
of 10 years is an invnlid the payments
shall continue Until the child ceaHCS fo
bo an invnlid. Payments in respoct of
an invalid child over the nge of 16
years Bhall cense when tho child censes
to bo nn invnlid or dies.
(6) Whero a payment to any ono of
n number of dependents cenBes, the
board may in its discretion readjust the
payment's to the remaining dependents
BO that tlio remaining dependents shnll
thereafter be entitled to recoivo the
samo compensation ns though they had
Established 1904
VINEGAR
PICKLING
Wo operate our own distillery
at New Westminster, where our
grainB (our raw product) for Vinegar making are prepared with
great care from the best selected
grains that money can buy.
Don't forgot when ordering
from your grocer to ask for the
B. O. article.
B.C.
Vinegar Works
1365 POWELL STREET,
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Telephone High. 886
I
Insurance Companies Will
Not do Business at Rate
Fixed by Act
Conflicting: Interests Unable
to Agree Upon the One
Provided For   \
been the only dependents at the timo of
the death of the workman.
10. (1) If a dependent widow marries, the monthly payments to her shall
cease, but she shall be entitled in lieu
of them to a sum equal to the monthly
payments for two years.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply
to payment's to a widow in respect of a
child.
17. (1) Where permanent total disability results from the injury, the compensation shall be a periodical payment
to the injured workmun equal in amount
to 55 per cent, of his average earnings,
and shall be payable during the lifetime
of the workman.
(2) The compensation awarded under this section shall not be less than an
amount equal to $5 per week, unless the
workman's average earnings are less
than $5 per week, in which case he
shall receive compensation in an amount
equal to his average earnings.
18. (1) Where permanent partial
disability results from the injury, the
compensation shall be a periodical payment to the injured workman equal in
amount to 55 per cent, of the difference
between the average earnings of the
workman before the accident and the
average amount which he is earning or
is able to earn in some suitable employment or business after the accident,
and the compensation shall be payable
during the lifetime uf the workman.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions
of subsection (1), where in the circum-
Btances the amount which the workman
was able to earn before tne accident
has not been substantially diminished
the board may, in case the workman is
seriously and permanently disfigured
about the face or head, recognize an impairment of earning capacity, and mit;
allow a lump sum in compensation.
19. (1) Where temporary total disability 'results from the injury, the compensation shall be the same as that pre
Bcribed by section 17, but shall be payable only so long as thc .disability lasts,
(2) The compensation nwnrded under this section shall not be less .than
tho amount equal to $5 per week, unless
the workman's average earnings are less
than $5 per week, in which case he shall
receive compensation in an amount
equal to his average earnings.
20. Whero temporary partial disability results from the injury, the compensation shall be the same as that prescribed by subsection (1) of section 18,
but shall be payable only so long ns the
disnbility lasts.
Payments for Unlimited Period,
A comparison between the old nnd
the new actB will show that tho percentage of wages paid is higher; that
thore is a premium payment to widows
of $20 per month for life, and n further payment in respect of childrci
under 16 years of age; payment of dis
nbled workmen for life instead of fixing a maximum of three yenrs' wages
or $1500; wages computed on a maximum of $2000, the highest rate in the
world, Ontario being the only province
to equal it; minimum payment of $5
por week to cover women workers nnd
apprentices who will receive a higher
percentage of wages if their wages are
less than $9 per week.
Dependency Must Be Shown.
Tho writer has previously shown thnt
in connection with accidents thnt it
assumed that the injury nroso out of, nr
in the course of the employment, and
that the workman was not injured
"solely to his serious nnd wilful-misconduct," but thnt the employer, if
such a contention is put forward, must
prove to the satisfaction of tho board
that Buch was the case. It will be noted
that wherever reference is made to p*
ments in case of death, other than to
wife and children, that the word "dependent" is used. Bignifving that payments will only bo mnde whero it is
clearly established thnt the workmnn,
during bis lifetime, contributed to the
support of those making a claim in consequence of his death. The writer assumes thnt claimants will be required tn
prove to the conclusion of the board
thut thoy have been in receipt of money
frnm tho doceasod in order to flubst'an-
tinte their claims.
"Non-resident Dependents."
Particularly will this be necessnry in
tho ense of dependents of workmen who
nre residents nf fnreign countries, *fn
such cnsoB the workmen, during thoir
lives, should bo suro to send their remittances to tho dependents through
some financial institution, preferably
the same ono nil tho timo, so thnt the
clnims of tho dependents can be substantiated in case n protest is made, or
the board doubts the oxistoncy of dependency. The prnctico nf sending currency, which exists to n considerable extent among wprkmop of fnrrign nntion-
nlitics, should bc discontinued, if these
workmen wish to savo their dependents
trouble in ease of their denth.
Provisions Generous.
The provisions nf the B. C. net', in the
case of non-resident alien dependents,
are much more liberal thnn the majority
nf nets. Many strifes c'at tho enmpensn-
tion in half; others bnso it on the relative purchasing power; a fow pny only
to dependents who nre resident' in a
country which hns n reciprncnl arrangement, thnt is tn say, countries thnt
would pay dependents residing in B. C.
if the workman wns injured in the foreign country. Others do not pny compensation tn nnn-resident' dependents at
nil. Among members of compensation
boards in various parts of America
thero is a grave suspicion, confirmed in
some cases by evidence, that frauds are
being worked in connection with payments to this class of dependents and
considering the fact that tho same
treatment iB being given nil dependents,
regnrdless of nntinnnlity nr rosidonco,
workmen who aro receiving the protection should bo careful to see that ttfelr
dependents nro nble to substantiate
their clnims in tho only way possible—
by being able to show that they wore
in receipt of financial assistance during
the life of the workmen.
/
[By Job. H. McVoty]
(President B. O. Federation of Labor)
As was pointed out when the bill was
before the legislature, the Manitoba
government, in providing for but one
commissioner and allowing the private
insurance companies to carry the insurance under the Workmen's Compensation Act, is running into snags before
the act is proclaimed.
Insurance Companies Baulk.
The act provides that the commissioner shall have the right to fix the insurance rates for the various industrial
hazards, but there is no provision to
compel the companies to accept business at the rates ftxfed. It is understood
that the companies have reached an
agreement among themselves, and that
they do not intend to write policies ex-
cept at their own rates. Heavy penalties have been fixed for employers who
fail to insure and as the act does not
provido any machinery by which the
compensation board can take care of
such a situation, it looks as though a
deadlock will result.
Can't Locate "Three in One."
Difficulty has also arisen over the appointment of the one commissioner, the
employers, workmen and lawyers all desiring representation.    The  Winnipeg
Voice deals with this phase as follows:
'(The executive of the Trades and -
Labor council had an extended interview with the provincial government
on Thursday morning, when they put
forward the council's view thnt Lnbor should be represented on the administration board, under the Workmen's Compensation Act. That a one-
man board will prove most' unsatisfactory  and  practically  impossible,
was  again  emphasized..   The interview was an extended one, the government evidently having realized tho
difficulties there are in the way to
proclaiming the act and bringing it
into force as it Btands at the present. ''
Built for
■fcConflbrt
M&cleh}
British Columbia
VEARS ago the inntitutlon of LECKIE resolved to produce boots and
shoes of a character which could and
wonld stand out pre-eminently for
COMFORT and WEARING QUALITIES. To do this the flrst essential
was to use HIGHEST GRADE LEATHERS and other QUALITY MATERIALS in manufacturing.
During the years since LEOKIE
BOOTS AND SHOES bave maintained
tbls policy—always. Today, no other
boot or shoe will prove the INVESTMENT of the LECKIE.
Tour flrst pair will show what a
difference there can be In good shoes.
\VWfiKERS UNION/
Named Shoes ue frequently made in Non-
Union Factories--Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.,
All shoes without the  Union  Stamp  are
always Non-Union. -
BOOT ft SHOE WOBKEBS' UNION
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass. '
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaini, Sec.-Treas.
'There' is a tide in the affairs of men
which taken at its flood leads on to trial
by jury."
LIEBKNECHT SENTENCED
The Price of Daring to Express Ad
Opinion in Berlin.
■ Dr. Karl Liebknecht, the German socialist leader, has been sentenced to 30
months' penal servitude and1 dismissed
from tho army for attempted high treason, gross insubordination, and resistance to the authorities.
MAINTENANCE-OP-WAT MEN
Membership on C. N. B, Are Seeking
Increased Wages.
Representatives of tho Maintenance-
of-Way Employees' ufcion have been at
Toronto for some days negotiating with
the officials of the Canadian Northern
railway with n view to getting nn in-
crenso in wages for members working
on that rnilwny. At tho present time
the rate of wnges is $1.70 a day ond an
increase to $1.00 a day has been asked
for. It is not unlikely that application
will be mado for a board of investigation nnd conciliation under the Industrial Disputes and Investigation act to
settle tho difference.
Hence the Demise,
The United States '' Progress! ve''
party had been bought and paid for. As
long aB it served the interests of it's
owners it was permitted to live, but
when the time came to kill it they put
it out of the way with no more compunctions than they would chloroform n
stray cat.—Milwaukee Daily Leader.
Industrial Toll In Pennsylvania,
From January 1 to Juno 1 of this year
802 men wero killed in industrial establishments iu Pennsylvania. As a result
of this slaughter, 537 women were made
widows, 1109 children were robbed of tt
father and 37 dependent parents lost a
bread-winner. Of the 802 mon killed,
315 wore unmarried, Tlie total compensation uwarded is $742,002.75.
NABOB COFFEE
-Is strictly high-grade—a combination 'if Mocha and Java,
I'Yiiiu tho plantation to the cup
nil the |>niR<>HHt>H through which
NABOB [iuhhcs aro strictly sanitary.
A imcr of NABOB knows thin—
thoHo who are not drlnklnK NABOB
are Hiirrly missinc one of the joy»
of tho culinary art.
.{T^A^KCi'.-.
PITHER & LEISER, LTD.
WHOLESALE
WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS
VANCOUVER VICTORIA. B.C.
REPRESENTING—
O. H. Mumm ts Co., Champagne
< "Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whiiky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teaeher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Bock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Preller ft Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc. \
HOTEL ST. REGIS
(Strictly modern), ono block from Labor Temple.   Here, evory comfort
awaits you.
TRANSIENTS $1.00 PER DAY AND. UP
LOW RATES TO PERMANENT GUESTS
Union Cigars and beat brands of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe in connection.
Water Heaters for
Summer
Hot water is as much a necessity in summer as in
winter. After a day in the woods or on the water,
what is more refreshing than a hot bath?
It's the heating of water in summer that is the
problem.
THE GAS WATER L     I
HEATER
gives you all the hot water required, at a nominal cost. Heats the water but won't heat the
house.
THE PROBLEM
SOLVED
The cost of installation is low —$20, connected for the best water heater made.
LET US INSTAL ONE FOR YOU
The pleasure and satisfaction you will get will
make up a hundred times for the outlay.
Hastings and Carrall SU.
1138 Oranvllle, near Davie
JI PAGE POUR
A "Made-up" 52 piece
FBIDAT. JUNE 30, 1916
DINNER SET
REGULAR $19.25 C_(\ QC
VALUE FOR. .. *V*J*&0
—Mnde of a good quality semi-porcelain, in a neat white and gold pattern.   The Bot is made up of—   ,
Six tea cups and saucers. One meat platter.
Six chocolate, cups and saucers.   One slop bowl.
Six dinner plates. Ono pickle tray.
Six soup plates. One cake plate.
Six breukfast plates. One pair salt and pepper shakers.
One baker.                                    One covered butter dish.
Nice for the camp and summer cottage, and a marvel d»Q Off
of good value at *|ve*au
CUT TUMBLERS
Regular $3.50 a dozen, values for $1.50
—strong, useful tumblers, in full \_-pint size, and of a very  04   PA'
flne, clear quality; dozen, special $J.«DU
\^ .   _) imtatwama   ittt     wwmti awwm. matt wmimimm I jSP^
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Most Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
REX THEATRE
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Street
First Vancouver Bun of AU
"Triangle" Picture!.
'Triangle" Pictures Are tbe
World's Best Films.
MONDAY, TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY
JULY 3, 4, 6
Daphne and the Pirate
The Judge
THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
JULY 6, 7, 8
The Conqueror
A Movie Star
Entire change of programme for latter part of tbe week.
ADMISSION
Matinee (to 6 p.m.;  10c Children (all the time) 6r
Evenings 15cBoxes (all the time)  26c
VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION
Theatrical  Stage American
Employees8    ~"™»™    Fedmtionof
N.118.1.A.T.S.E. Labor
Musicians' Union
M. M.P.U. Local 145
A.F.ofM.
Moving Picture
Machine
Operators'
No. 348.I.A.T.S.E.
Trades and Labor
Congress of
Canada
Vancouver
Trades and Labor
Council
"BIG HORN" BRAND
*_**_f   »l«HOt«
^•—"^     «U»
UNION   m___W_W   MADE
WHY NOT WEAR THE BEST ON THE MARKET?
t___      ■ I ——— ■     ■■■ ■! .~—^—*
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, MACKINAWS
TENTS,'ETC., ETC.
GIVC  YOURSELF  t.TISFACTION AND A  BRITISH COLUMRIRN
INDUSTRY YOUR RATRONAOC BV USINQ THIS SUKRIOR BRAND
Chinese- made Skirts £< Overalls
MUST GO! ^|-
WHIOH-KAK.
}RN BRAND^^
BUTTING AHEAtt
SOLO BY ALL THE HAOINO BTORCS
Turner, Beeton a Co., Ltd.  Victoria, B. C,
WHOUMltM ANO MANUFACTUAIRS
UNION IS STRENGTH
fpKKJs-
When you recognize this as a
fact you will boost for the products of home industries by cut-
tine; out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
BUTTER, EGGS, LARD
BACON, HAN and SAUSAGE
The only government-Inspected
plnnt in B. 0.
'     Goo.l fnr one year'a aubicriptlon to Tho D.
. _   0mm m, — -—_     -—   .   —* —. gmm C. Peditratlonlit   wtll ba milled to any ad-
Ifl  CTT K    I^A Kll^'lrm ln Canada for $10.     (Good anywhere
IV *D %J JJt ^fXXxJ-'fcJouuldo of VanconTor tllf.)    Order tan today.    Remit when aold.
Culinary Crafts Declare "An
Injury to One Is the
Concern of AH"
Sec. Smith of B. C. Workers
Equal Rights Association States Case
FELLOW wnge-earnflrs and electors
of British Columbia; In our efforts to perserve our menus of livelihood and obviate the necessity of joining the ranks of the always overcrowded
unemployed, wo aro endeavoring to etn-
list your active support and sympathy
for the justice of our contention that
the adoption of prohibition by you will
inflict unnecessary hardships upon a
largo number of your co-workerB and
fellow citizons and their dependents.
That legislation of this character always results in economic unrest in
which the wage-earner is the chief sufferer is entirely cnpuble of proof and is
amply demonstrated wherever it has
been introduced. It is for this reason,
amongst mnny others, that organized
labor and the leaders of the labor movement have not only refused to countenance this so-called reform, but have
placed thomselves upon record as being
directly opposed to it, knowing only too
well the baneful effects—economic and
and moral—upon thoso whose welfaro is
their first concern which invariably follows its adoption. It is also self-evident
that economic injustice can not be imposed upon any considerable number of
citizens without the whole body politic
experiencing the ill effects of such disturbance of established conditions.
Thnt the adoption of prohibition affects adversely large numbers of wage-
earners not directly engaged in the
liquor and allied industries is receiving
added proof almost daily. Reference
has already been made to conditions in
Seattle, where nearer 8000 workers were
involved instend of. the 3000 contemplated, with the resultant loss of wages
and hardship incident to readjustment.
The state of Oregon and the city of
Portland aro experiencing the same results after more than five months of
prohibition. Of theso directly engaged
in the manufacture and distribution of
the merchandize prohibited 2000 employees have been thrown out of work
nnd a conservative estimate of the loss
in wages from this source nlone places
tho total at over $1,750,000 per year.
But the story of unemployment does
not stop with the employees of the
brewer, distiller and hotelmnn, ns the
prohibitionist would hnve you believe,
and as the wage-earners of Portland
and vicinity nre finding out to their
cost. For instance, the ice companies
hnve lost n customer for a third of their
entire product. The electric light companies $50,000 a yoar in revenues. The
telephono compnnies hundreds of subscribers. The gas company 4000 customers on its old lines; while nnother public utility corporation is employing 20
per cent, less labor thnn a year ngo.
All of which spells unemployment for
thousands of other workers nnd helps
sustain our contention thnt "nn injury
to one is the concern of nil," whether
you believe in it or not.
Property Owner and Taxpayer.
And you, Mr. Property Owner and
Taxpayer. The figures from Portland,
as published by the Province, shouM
cause you to think twice before committing yourself to support prohibition
nt the polls when tho timo comes for
you to mnrk your ballot for or against
its adoption.
Tho commercial manager of the Gas
company says Portland lost 32,000 in
population in the last twenty months,
and of this number, 15,000 is attributable to the introduction of prohibition.
The tax rato struck for municipal purposes for 1916 was 8.9 mills, in 1915 it
was 7.5 mills, tho increase being due to
loss of revenno from liquor licenses.
Police administration is costing over
#7000 more this yonr than last. Business locations in outlying portions of
tha eity nro a drfig on tho market. The
estimated number of vncant houses is
8200, whilo 3000 would bo the normnl
mber, nlso 1400 vacant apartments in
apartment houses. Vacant business premises hns incrensed with a corresponding reduction nf rcntnl vnlues cvernging
50 per cent. As corroborative evidence
of this exodus of population, thousands
Display
Sport
Coats
WE have never
had such a
m a g n i fi c ent
showing on the Second Floor. Intending
purchasers will find
that we have anticipated most every requirement. The models are in fine quality
Milanese and Italian
silks and come in
white, black, various
new plain colors and
attractive color combinations. All the latest sport styles are represented at prices
ranging from
$17.50 to
$35.00
Uatrrii
675 GRANVILLE BTREET
DAVID SPENOER, LTD.
Phone Seymour 6126
E. H. ROOME
Notary Public, Conveyancer
Hritish Columbia.  Allmrta  and  Washington forum, Naturnlizatinn Papon.
Office  Room  8.  341  Gamble Street,
(Imsi-mctit   Dominion   HnililinR.).
Evening  work   by   appointment.
Phono High.   1106R.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1041 OeOROIA STRUT
One Blook weit ot- Court Houia.
Uie of Modern chapel and
Funeral  Parlora  free  to all
Patroni
Telephone Sajrmour 2428
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTOR*  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Offlee    and    Chapel.
1084 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey. StH.
North   Vancouver — MM  and
Ch.p.,,".h.tWWn.
i of changes of addresses to points outside the state nre on file nt the post
office, nnd the, transfer companies were
never so busy hauling household goods
for shipment out of the city as has been
the case since the first of the year.
Finally the records of the city water department Bhow 7900 vacnnt services.
Now, with this information as to its
effect on nnother coast city, nnd as a
property owner nnd n tnxpnyer, do you
consider that the adoption of prohibition in British Columbin would lend any
value to your investments or add any
weight to your already overhenvy tax
burden I It sure would not help lighten
your load, especially when you keep in
mind thnt every resident who, through
lack of employment, is compelled to
leave the city in search of work, severB
his connection with the boosters club so
far ns your city is concorned. Do you
believo that "nn injury to one is the
concern of nil!"
The Merchant Hard Hit,
Did you ever notice, Mr. Merchant,
that the advocates of prohibition always
address their appeal to your supposed
mercenary Bide, their moral appeal being
reserved for the spiritually inclined—
hemco the strong piny for our women*
] folks. You are rominded that whatevor
money is expended for bevernges handled by the liquor trade will nil flow into
your cash drawer for groceries, clothing,
furniture, etc., more particularly the
wages of tbe working man, because
after all, he is the one individual for
whom they are most solicitous. Tou are
a hard-headed business mnn, and they
will show you where you can prosper
upon tho wreck of other businessmen
who nre not competitors in your line nt
all. Keeping this in mind, thoBe Portland figures should have a meaning for
you. That city hus admittedly lost the
purchasing power of 15,000 peoplo and
other Oregon towns have suffered in
proportion ns a result of prohibition.
Eleven brewery properties, with an annual payroll of $.'170,000, aro standing
idle Bnnk clearances for tho first four
months of 191(1 wero $110,000 less thna
for the corresponding period of last
year. Forty-five thousand dollars from
one county wont to California in April
for intoxicants, and importations are
increasing monthly, nnd other counties
report similnr increases. The general
manager, of n transcontinental rnilwny
line is quoted us authority for the statement thnt the passenger business out of
the stato has exceeded' the incoming
trade by 20 per cent., n revorsal of former years. The mnnngors of the big
first-class hotels sny that trying to meet
the expense of n first-class hotol on the
proceeds from rooms is nbout the snme
ns trying to make a big daily newspaper pay its expenses with the proceeds of circulation. It can't be done.
Their profits used to come from the
grills.
Do you think prohibition would bo a
businoss getter fnr you in view of the
conditions following its ndoption by the
two neighboring states. Thnt the nbove
conditions do prevail thero receives corroboration from a well-known merchant
nnd broker of Vnncouver just returned
from n business trip, in nn interview
published in tho local press of tho llth
inst. Keeping in mind the lost payroll,
tho exodus of population, tho large
amount of money Bont ont of tho provinco for importations of tho merchandize proposed to bo prohibited, docs it
occur to you that "an injury to one iB
tho concern of all."     .T. A. SMITH,
Secretnry B. C. Workers Equal Rights
Association.
President Youhill Ordered
to Again Report for
Military Duty
Daily Province "Niteside"
Issues Publication of
Interest to Craft
LAST SUNDAY'S meoting of Vancouver Typographical 'union almost
equalled tho record for brevity. The
agenda was a light one, nnd adjourn-
ment took place uftcr being in session
nbout 35 minutes.
President Youhill Receives "Call'
Somewhat or a surpriso was sprung
on the membership wben President Youhill announced that he hud received
orders from the military authorities to
again report for further military duty.
When the war was declared, Q. M. S.
Youhill, who at thut time was attached
to the 6th D. C. O. R., promptly volunteered for foreign service, and did his
bit with tho first Canadian contingent
in the fighting at Ypres a little over a
year ago, where ho received injuries
which warranted his discharge as medically unfit. Having recovered, the
dotoghty ■' Bill'' is once more ready for
the fray, and in all probability will don
the uniform of the 172nd Rocky Mountain Rangers.
Endorsed McVety for Commissioner.
Believing that the experience and information gained whilo ncting on the
commission to gather data from which
to compile the Workmen's Compensation Act, together with the close attention given it during its consideration
by tho local house, particularly fitted
him for the position of Labor'b representative on tho commission to bo appointed to administer the net, Vancouver Typographical union strongly endorsed the candidature of J. H, McVety
for thnt position. The "appeal" from
the "Brotherhood" was accordingly
filed.
"The Squirtograph."
Vol. 3, No. 1 of n chapel proof-press
publication, issued by the '' niteside'' of
the Provinco composing room, made its
appearance, nfter a lapse of two years,
this week. "This is a sheet," says the
masthead, "in which no ono will ever
tnke nny stock. Its policy, like that of
the Vancouver school board, is somo-
hat obscure. Its politics, like those
of the Vancouver city council, may be
accepted as damnably domestic. As a
contribution to the prevailing journalistic mediocrity of this metropolitan city,
it may not be brilliant, but within its
particular burg it will be conceded to
have some method in its madness."
The best portion of it is, of course,
unprintable in this great fnmily journal,
but here are a few specimens, under tho
caption "Ludlow-ets":
"Typograph-ical squirts hnve tnken
on a new signifiennce in the Provinco
offlce.
"Skiddoo" and "23" hnvo been
synonymous terms. Squirt nnd "21'
hnve now tnken up the running.
How many times will 21 go into Cam
bie bridge. Ask Wilt. He snys if you
deleto the swing Bpnn the two ends will
meet without' a hang-over by using n
Btreet ear for a cut-off. This is his 21st
nightmare since the Dudlow nppenred,
LETTERS TO
THE FED
S. A. Fackler's Address.
Editor Federationist! I am writing
yoa on behalf of 8. A. Fnckler, Fort Deposit, Alabama, who states that he is nn
old-time union printer arid that he has
lost the address of a Canadian lawyer
who possesses information of value t
him, He asks me to write to one or two
Canadian labor papers and ask thom to
publish thc following:
"The lawyer who wrote to the
Gainsville (Floridn) Sun for S. A.
Fackler's address will find  S. A.
Fnckler   by   addressing   letter   to
Fort Deposit, Alabama."
This is all the information T hnve on
the mutter, nnd I nm mnking this request to The B. O. Federationist (Vancouver), the Winnipeg Voice, the Hnmil-
ton Labor News und the Toronto Industrial Banner, solely to help a follow
craftsman who indicates sore distress
over u loss that means much to hi
Fraternally yours,
FRANK MORRISON,
Secretory A. F. of L.
Washington, D. C, Juno 21.
"Next to the thrill of remembering
his plcnsures perhaps a man enjoys most
the luxury of 'confessing' his sins."
"When n nico ordinary man begins
moralizing it is a sign cither that he
has just been smashing a few of thc
commandments or that ho is juBt thinking of doing so. As long as he's keeping them he never stops to consider
them seriously."
W. R. OWEN
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Talr. 447
Howe Sound Trip
Boats leaving Union Dock Dally
at 9:15 a. m. Sundays at 10:30
a. m., calling at Bowen Island,
Britannia Mines, Mill Creek and
Squamish. Returning at 7 p. m.
Sunday Special, $1 Round Trip
Terminal Steam
Navigation Co., Ltd.
Seymour 6330
1
DAVID SPENCEB, LTD.
Sand Shoes, Beach Shoes, Yachting Shoes
For Everyone
Fully prepared to meet evory requirement   with   '' Fleetf oot"   Shoes,
that have a country-wide roputation for service and satisfaction.
MEN'S    WHITE    YACHTING
SHOES with non-skid soles.
High cut $1.60
Low cut  fl.45
WOMEN'S WHITE YACHTING
SHOES,   "Fleetfoot"    nobby
tread; sizes 2% to 7.
High cut $1.35
Low cut jl.26
Misses'
ent .
sizes,   11   to   2,
Low c'at	
Girls' sizes 8 to logout 	
Low cut	
Girls' -sizes 3 to 7%;
eut
high
$1.26
$1.15
high
$1.15
$1.00
high
86c
Low cut 76c
WOMEN'S TANGO PUMPS,
with tailored'bow, rubber soles;
sizes 2% to 7 i »1.65
MEN'S ATHLETIC SHOES,
nobby tread soles, blue canvas
uppers; high cut, pair.....'... $1.26
Low cut 95c
Boys' sizes, 1 to 5; high cut $1.00
Low cut 85c
Youths' sizes, 11 to 13; high cut
at   96o
Low cut 76c
Child's sizes, 5 to 8; high cut,
at 86c
Low cut 8Sc
BOYS' GBEY CANVAS OUTING SHOES with leather trimmings; sizes 1 to 5, for.... $1.96
Sizes 11 to 13 $1.66
"BOY SCOUT" SHOES—Elk
mulehide, chrome soles; sizes 8
to 2 $1.85
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCEB, LTD.
I
DAVID SPENDER, LTD.
For tho Bake of uniformity, why
doesn't the Province use acetyleno gas?
One or two deletions would also provido
"a set o' lean" eompa.
The reason generally aaccepted for
the freezing of the Topograph is that
Ralph let the "fire-escape."
The M. O. claims it wasn't in hia
contrnct that he should have something
unloaded upon him that was a cross between a alot machine, an electric wringer and a peanut stand1.
Cranking Collier's "Tin Lizzie" iB
pie for the M. O. after battling with
No. 14.
Should prohibition carry J. E. W. haa
a scheme for distilling whiskey from
moth balls that's sure some humdinger.
Our worthy chairman, J. M., saya
that the greatest cost in the upkeep of
running hiB Pierco-Arrow Lissoine ia in
buying refreshments for hia g'ueBts—
and tires at 23 per.
Charlie Phillips blames the Toronto
Ball Club for hia leanness. He saya the
knotholes in their fence wore too high'.
Better Dentistry—
You cannot get, than the aervice,my offlce nffords—the fineBt equipment
of any dental laboratory in the West—overy appliance for the important work of putting your teeth in perfect condition—the highest akill of
trained experts in overy departmont—the highost standard for all dental
work—nnd priceB as low as possiblo with highest quality.
Call in or telephone for nn nppointmont; consultations nnd advice free.
My Schedule of Prices;
Gold Crowns, each 9 4.00
Porcelain Fillings, ench    1.00
Porcelain Crowns, each    4.00
Amalgam Fillings, each    1.00
Dr. BRETT ANDERSON
drown and Bridge Specialist
602 HASTINOS STREET WEST, OORNER SEYMOUR STREET
Tuesday and Friday, 7 to 8 Tel. Sey. 3331
Expression Plates; tho very
best  10.00
Bridgework, por tooth    4.00
Painless Extraction        60c
Repairing Plntos      60c
Milk Users!
ARE YOU STILL SUPPORTING A NON-UNION
DAIRY?
OUR DELIVERY SYSTEM COVERS ALL TERRITORY SOUTH OF FALSE CREEK, WEST OF
BRIDGE, TO THE FRASER RIVER
SOU-VAN MILK
Fairmont 2624 Fairmont 2624
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
LET THE
Hillcrest Dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
Valley.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT   1934
TEe Hillcrest Dairy
131 FIFTEENTH AVE. WEST

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