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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 1, 1916

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BIGHTH YEAR? |jo. 36 VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 1,1916 ■' •' .jK*"^'■ limiWviMir
The Spellbinders of Capitalism Unable to Stir the Phlegmatic Souls of the Working Class—Little Interest
Manifested in the Campaign—The Difference
Between Tweedledee and Tweedledum
Arouses No Enthusiasm—Why?
F THERE IS ONE THING particularly noticeable about the present provincial campaign, it is the Uttle interest taken in it by the
general public. The only persons who appear to be afflicted with
anything like a deadly interest in the outcome are those who are so
unselfishly immolating themselves upon the political altars of sacrifice,
by running as candidates for office. These are serious days with
them; in fact days that are extremely trying to their political souls,
but no one else seems to be very much disturbed about the matter,
lt has been noticed by many who have attended the meetings throughout the interior of the province, thaf the workingmen seem to be in a
mood that makes for extreme uncertainty as to what they will do.
The politicians are unable to size them up, and are considerably at
sea as to their respective prospects. There seems to be something in
the air that they are unable to size up in their reokoning.
Tou Take Tour Choice.
Between the old partieB there is nothing to choose. That is bo well-known
to every one that it has become a commonplace. There never was any difference between them, for the very simple
reason that they both stand, and have
always stood, for the same Bystem of
production and for the same concept of
property in the means of life. That
there is often friction between different
sections or factions of the property-
owning or business interests, is not a
matter of dispute. That thc squabbles
arising from saeh conflict of interests,
aB must inevitably arise within n society whose basic principle is the competitive struggle for pelf and power,
will take on the form of a political
wrangle, iB beyond question. But where
these squabbles take place within the
ranks of the property-owning and business interests, and are so palpably merely quarrels between factions, arising
out of auch interests, it becomes almost
beyond human comprehension how any
member of the exploited class, the producing class, can be induced to bother
his head over the matter.
To the producers of wealth in this
province it makes not a whit of difference whether the Conservative machine
is returned to power or whether it is
thrown out in favor of the would-be
Liberal machine. Thc same system of
property remains intact in either case,
nnd the same conditions of slavery en-
g.ilf the workers.
Neither haa any policy to offer that
makes any attack upon the sacred right
of our capitalist rulers to take the last
shred of hide off the workers' bade by
the wage process, and for the purpose
it i» but fair to say that this snme wage
process is the very ncme of efficiency.
It is the laBt word in that Hne.
Between the two political factions
the worker can, with perfect safety, go
it blind. He has nothing to lose, no
matter which one he picks, and that is
all he haB to lose anyway.
As To John Mclnnis.
The Federationist has already stated
editorially that it approved of the candidacy of John Mclnnis at Fort Qeorge.
There are reasons for this. John Mclnnis stands for a definite and clear-cut
policy that is calculated to bring to an |
end thnt brutal rule nnd exploitation of
labor, at the hands of capital, that
makes the lives of the workerB n veritable torture and keeps the world in
continual misery, turmoil and strife.
Everybody in British Columbia who
has followed the political life of the
province for the last decade knows just
where John Mclnnis stands. His programme and policy is not one that he
individually might hnve hatched up and
gone forth as a self-appointed savior of
the working class to proclnim to a waiting world. As it has been thought out
and worked out by the ablest political
j, *j economists and thinkers of the laBt half-
1 century. It is the political and economic
programme of tho working cIosb of tlio
world. That is why The Federationist.
unqualifiedly approves of the candidacy
of John Mclnnis, nnd hopes for his elec-'
tion to the provincial House, He has
been there ono term, and hie work while
there proved him to be an oarnest and
able representative of the highest and
best interests of the working class,
There Are Others.
Other candidates there are, and some
of them appear aggrieved because The
Fodorationist has not seen fit to editorially endorse their candidacy for office.
The term "independent," when applied
to an individual running for office
never had a satisfactory sound to this
paper. It cither savors of a lust for
office, merely for office soke, or it is un
pleasantly suggestive of the presence of
the self-appointed Moses who is dentin-
ed, in his own imagination, to lend the
wandering pilgrims out of tho politicul
wilderness. The self-appointed one is
UBtially an unsiifferablo bore, at leuBt
until he graduates into chronic pessimism because a stupid nnd ungrateful
world fails to give suitable recognition
to his splendid talents and follow the
trail he bo unselfishly Mazes.
Now this Bize-up mny not fit Jhe case
of any "independent" running for offlce in this campaign, but inasmuch as
theBe candidates havo not been put in
the field by any organized body of
workingmen, nor have they any definite
and clear-cut policy or programme that
has been adopted by any working clnss
organization, and which might be used
as the basis for working cluss action,
The Federationist cun not seo its way
clear to editorially support their candidature Tho Federatlonist's advertising columns are for sale, nt rates that
can be obtained at tho business office.
The editorial columns of The Federationist are not for snlo, nor can the editorial policy of the paper be influenced
by nny considerations of either friendship, caah or glory. The news columns
of The Foderationiac are ut all times
open to friend and foe alike. Any
workor or working class organization is
at liberty at any time to advocate the
cause of any candidate they choose,
through those columns. It is also a
matter of record that our columns are
by no means closed against those who
might feel called upon to rebuke ub for
our incorrigible political obstinacy.
The Federationist's Position.
The Federatlonist suggested, in n re-
Information Gathered Is of
Interest to Printers
of Coast
Minor Incidents Relating to
the Trade and Its
PHILO HOWARD, secretary of the
Northwestern Typographical conference, visited Victoria, Vancouver
and New Westminster last week in the
interests of Vancouver Typographical
union, and gave a very interesting review of the work of the conference
throughout Washington and Oregon.
Particular attention is given to the
small towns nnd the conference is in
possession of a wealth of information
regarding the printers who are working
in unorganized districts.
It iB proposed that a similar survey
be made of the province of British Columbia, and Mr. Howard will undertake
the work at an early date.
Word has beon received from VeroOn
camp to the effect that Q. M. 8. W. H.
Youhill, president of No. 226, is confined to hospital there, suffering from a
poisoned foot.
E. W. Summers deposited a travelling
card iBBued ■ by Seattle union, and is
showing up at tho Sun office.
Chas. Sandell was initiated into full
membership of the union.
In tbe absence of President Youhill
i military duty, Vice-president W. B.
Trotter presided over the meeting.
Provincial Officers Give An
Accounting This Month
to Convention
Retrospective and Prospective Review of Utmost
Beginning With 1917 Three Delegates
WUl Be Bent to Labor Congress Conventions.
The Federated Association of Letter
Carriers, at tho Vancouver convention,
decided to send each year, after 1010,
three representatives to the Trades and
Lubor Congress of Canada, one to represent the western provinces, one for the
eastern provinces and one for the central provinces. The expenses are to be-
home by the Federated body, and the
dolegates will be elected by referendum
vote. The division of the sections to be
represented, and the taking of tbe vote,
was left in the hands of the Federated
executivo. Tho convention also urged
that all local branches send delegates to
the Trades and Labor Congress conventions wherever possible.
The idler gets- the bivalve, the work-
jngmun gets the rough outside covering
commonly termed the shell. The idler
goes to the seashore for pleasure. The
worker is privileged to go to—some
other place and Took for n job if he
don't like the one ho's got.
cent issuo, that the next convention of
the B. C. Federation of Lnbor seriously
consider the matter of taking steps to
bring the more or less scattered Labor
forces of this province togethor for political action upon strictly working cluss
linos. It again emphasizes tho necessity of such action. Tho organized
Lubor movement of this province, as
elsowhore, has lost considerably in membership, nnd has otherwise experienced
some setback, as a result of the war,
and the business depression of the Inst
few years.
Matters are now on the improve, and
the movement will again pull itself together and make itself felt in thc affairs of tho provinco. Whatever shortcomings tho movement, the provincial
expression of which is the B. C, Federation of Labor, may have, tho fact still
remains that it affords tho only evidence of working* class activity in the
provinco. It therefore becomes a nucleus for the rallying of tho Lnbor
forces of British Columbia, for energetic and effective attnek 'upon tho politicul entrenchments of capital, as well as
for such protective activity as mny be
incidental to tho every duy economic
life of the workers. And thoro is no
othor rallying point in British Columbin
today. The workers hnvo a right to
look to thc B. C. Federation of Labor
to take tho initiative ln this mutter.
The Fcdorotionist sincerely hopes,
nay, feels sure, that the Federation will
rise to the occasion and bring forward
a definite and clear-cut programme upon
which tho workors of the province will
rally for intelligent and aggressive action in defenco of the common interests
of their class. Such a policy nnd programme The Federationist will heartily
and in good faith support.
THE 1916 CONVENTION of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada will meet at Toronto three weeks
from next Monday. Present indications
are that \Vestern Canada unions will
have few delegates in attendance, for
obvious reasons. The reports of officers,
alwayB interesting, are now in course of
preparation. A goodly portion of these
reports is occupied by the annual reports of Congress provincial executives
and provincial federations of labor,
where they exist. The executive of the
British Columbia Federation of Labor
have submitted the following:
B. C. F. of L. Beport for 1915-16.
To the Officers and Delegates of the
Trades   and   Labor   Congress   of
Dear Sirs and Brothers: Pursuant to
custom, we ^take this opportunity of reporting the activities or the federation
during the year and more particularly
the work connected with legislation.
Workmen's Compensation Act.
As the delegates are aware, the Federation has had a special committee
working for a number of years to secure the passage of an up-to-date compensation act for the province of British Columbin, resulting in a draft' act
being submitted to the legislature at
the .1015 session and laid over for the
consideration of the various interests
affected. The government also undertook an investigation on its own behalf
into the whole question, and appointed
a committee consisting of A, V. Pineo.
departmental solicitor ln the offlce of
the attorney-general, David Robertson,
representing the employers, nnd Job. H.
McVety, who was selected by the Vnncouver convention in response to n request from the premier, Hon. W. J.
Bowser, that the Congress should select
the mnn who would represent the interests of Labor.
Unanimous Beport.
The committee, after an exhaustive
study made a unanimous report to the
government and a new bill was drawn
incorporating all of the recommendations in the report, and a number of
othor points that had not been mentioned, but which made the bill more satisfactory.
During the session of the legislature,
which was protracted, thero being some
05 bills put through, the Federation
wns represented by Secretary-Treasurer
Wells, (Victoria), Vice-president Carter (Fernio), Vice-president Yates
(New Westminster), nnd President Jns.
H. McVety. The railway brotherhoods
were represented by M. Crawford
(Kamloops), T. L. Bloomer (Nelson),
and T. J. Coughlin (Vancouver), who
for the time boing joined hands with
the Federation committee and were a
party to whatever recommendations
were mnde. Mention must' be made of
the services of David Irvine, orgnnizer
of the United Mine Workers, who be-
enmo n member of the committee,,and
with his previous experience, was able
to render valuable service in tbe interest of the measure. Tme bill went
through the house as presented, with
the exception of n few amendments, all
of which wero in the Interest of the
workmon, somo being the rosult of tho
wok of the committee. Tho bill becomes law on Jan. 1, 1917, nnd is considered a good doal in advance of anything so fnr passed in Cnnnda, credit
being, however, duo to those workers in
Ontario nnd Nova Scotia who so nbly
broke the way for the federation in I
this provinco. I
having been allowed to lapse through
unemployment and hard times.
Conditions Generally.
Considered as a whole, conditions
have never been worse in the coast section of the province than during the
past two years, but owing fo enlistments, departures of many workers to
other provinces and countries, and the
fair enforcement of the order in council
prohibiting the,entry of Labor from the
south, conditions for those who remain
here continue to improve and coupled
with the activities in the mining industry, the situation throughout the province is better than it has been for
some time past. From the standpoint
of organization, an improvement is also
being made and the Federation, despite
the pessimism of some or the delegates
to the last convention, is holding its
own and keeping the very widely separated sections of the provincial move*
ment in touch with each other.
With best wishes for a successful
convention, we remain,
Vice-president and Acting Seeretary.
Electrical Workers Make a
Note of Various Wage
Will Aid Striking Linemen
In Their Struggle With
B. C. E. R.
l  0«7 MOO I
$1.50 PER YEAR
~ ^3=
nm B* C* B. R. Company Officials Are Evidently Preparing to
MAY Fight Against Any Recognition ef I. B. E.W.~-
U" I Street Railway Employees Will Not See Locked*
out Fellow Unionists and Employees Lose
If It Comes to a Showdown
Railway Brotherhoods Are
Determined to Win 8-
Hour Pay
Other Legislation.
Tho Federation committee also assisted in securing the passage of an act
affecting tho Moving Picture operators,
which provided for n provincial licensing nnd examination system. An net to
assist in reducing the number of Asintics in conl mines was nlso provided,
thiB being due largely to the representations of Bro. Irvine of tho United Mine
Workers, assisted from timo to time by
tho other members. Assistance wns also
rendered the retail clerks, who secured
tho enactment of a measure providing
for n weekly holf-holidny, tho day to be
chosen by the electorate in the cities
and municipalities, Vnncouver, New
Westminster and Victoria hnvo voted
on the quostion, and decided on Saturday afternoon, and the holiday is being
generally observed sinco July 1, A
number of other legislative mntters
have been taken up by tho president,
one being a federal question, in connection with the widening of the scope
of part five of tho Canada Shipping Act
to permit of the privileges of the Sick
Mariners' fund boing extended to seamen nnd fishermen engaged in halibut
fishing nnd particularly to cover men
employed in British nnd American bottoms. Tho government extended little
hope of this being done, and ns the now
Workmen's Compensation net tnkeB
enre of this question, tho mntter hns
been nllowed to drop.
Revival of Metal Mining.
Tho high prices of copper has brought
renewed activities in the mining districts of the province, mnny properties
of low grade ore now being worked nt
a substantial profit. With the opening
of the mines, tho Western Federation of
Minors, District No. (1, has tnken on n
new lease of life. A eonvention was
held at Trail in Mnrch, there being
delegates proBflnt from the various
enmps, and in addition President Moyer,
Frnternnl Delegates Dave Roe's and A.
,T. Carter of District 18, United Mine
Workors, and President McVety, of the
Federation, Tho result of the convention wns a wage demand and also a re*
affiliation   with   tho   Federation,   this
week was no doubt owing to the
fact that our members were anxious to
know the result of the meter department arbitration. Heedless to say the
decision arrived at by Justice Macdonald was not a surprise to us, as no fair-
minded man could render a verdict
otherwise than favorable to the union,
in the face of the evidence submitted.
Electrical Workers' Lockout
The strike of the members of the I.
B. E, W., working for the B. C. E. R.
company, interests us in many wayB,
and our members are satisfied that
tbere was no other course open to the
linemen, seeing that tbe company refused to deal with the men through
their organization. , So much does it
effect Pioneer division that the executive had a special meeting on Monday
nnd instructed the business agent that
in the event of the company employing
scabs, he call a mass-meeting of tho
division. The result of such a mass-
meeting can be forsecn, ns the carmen
are not by any means in n contented
frame of mind. Wagts have risen all
over tho country and ne Vancouver
local, in company with Victoria and
New Westminster, feel their position
very keenly.
Congress Delegate.
Many were the nominations for delegate to the Trades and Labor Congress
convention at Toronto, but all declined
with the oxception of Bros. Murray,
Logee, Cleveland, Rigby, Bryan and
Hubble, The voting for the delegate
will take place next meeting, so make
an effort to be on hand. The convention
is the most important that has been
held yet, and we need a good man to
represent us.
Bro. Joe 'Knock, who has obtained
leave of absence for two months, says
he is going to Calgary for a change,
Bro. Charlie Wot ten is about to return to work, after a spell of sickness
lusting about three weeks. Hanged if
we can figure out how a man can afford
to bc sick on our wages.
We nre informed that the company
has agreed to stand by tbe decision of
the chairman of the meter department
arbitration board, which moans, in language more forcible than polite, that
those interested must join the union or
get out. We would rataier they got out
and made room for some others that
would- give a hnnd to uplift tho work-
■"•«, instoad of being a hindrance.
No doubt it was a gallant deed, lut
motorman on thc Fourth avenuo car
that stopped on Oranvillo bridge lust
Saturday to pick up and return thc jitney passenger's hat, Bhould be prepared
to put up a good excuse in the event of
something raining into his ear, when
making unusual stops to oblige the jitney patrons.
The women's volunteur reserve arc
going to train women to run street cars,
so as to allow some of us to go to war.
Very nice, and kind, and we apprcciati*
their effort*. Come right along sister.
We '11 welcome you as a brother.
Bro. Bert Hughes was handing round
cigars at the meeting, but he didn't say
what he wns celebrating.       J. E. O,
"Many a mnn thinks thnt it is goodness tbat. keopa him from crime, when
it is only his full stomach. On half allowance he would be as guly and knavish as anybody. Don't mistake potatoes for principle."—Carlyle.
Will Strike on Labor Day If
Railways Refuse to
Grant Demand
WHEN THE government of the
United States set aside the first
Monday in the month of September as
a legally constituted Labor Day, those
who were responsible for such action
probably little dreamed of the use that
the hosts of Labor might make of the
day, should certain contingencies arise,
If Labor Day possesses any significance
to the working class, it is that the day
is consecrated to the Labor cause for
the purpose of affording the sons of toil
some little relaxation from their labors
and an opportunity to gather together
in fraternal concourse, thereby
strengthening the ties of solidarity and
comradeship that are so essential to any
lasting progress in the struggle of labor
to break the chains that has bound Ub
limbs, down through the ages. It is
well known that the reason lying behind the selection of the firBt Monday
in September as Labor Day, by the ruling class of this continent, was for the
purpose, if possible, of heading off the
workers from the adoption of the first
day of May aB Labor Day, the day
that had already been aet aside for such
purpose by the revolutionary workers
of Europe But the growing solidarity
of labor will not down, no matter how
many obstacles the rulers and masters
may put in itB way, as current events
are amply proving.
An Imposing Demonstration Staged.
The railways of tne United States
have gathered1 from the toil of their
employees, and passed over to their
owners not less than $500,000,000 each
year since 1S90. Last year the swag
amounted to more than three-quarters
of, a billion. The big railway brother*
hoods at last decided that the time had
come when the eight-hour day should
be adopted in the railway service.
Such a demand was made upon the railway companies and has up to the present been refused. Of coarse the usual
cry of bankruptcy in case such demand
was granted or enforced, was put up
noisily by the railway managers, but
this no longer fools anybody who doei
not wish to be fooled. Time was when
the various railway brotherhoods stood
each for itself and the devil take the
rest. It is different now. Slowly but
surely hns the spirit of fraternity and
solidarity developed amongst these
railway men until now we find the railway brotherhoods standing together in
solid phalanx in their demand for the
oight-hour day. The railway managers
have been unable to either coerce or intimidate them into any moderation of
their demands. Even the efforts of the
President of the United States have
been equally futile, Tho decision has
been made that unless the demand for
an eight-hour dny be granted prior to
Premier Hughes Gets a Jolt
Upon His, Return from
Compulsory Military Service
To Be Decided By
SUNDAY, Sept. 3—Bartenders,
Moving Picture Operntors.
MONDAY, Sept. 4—Boilermakers, Electrical Workers No. 213,
Brewery Workers, Tnilors.
TUESDAY, Sept. 6—Amal. Carpenters, Cignrimikcrs, Railway
WEDNESDAY, Sept. ft—Press
Feeders, Plasterers, Tile Layers.
THURSDAY, Sept. 7—Garment
Trndes and Labor council,
FRIDAY, Sept. 8—
September 4 the Railway Brotherhoods
will fittingly celebrate the day by
quitting their employments. For upwards of half a million of highly skilled
men engaged in operating the most
vital part of capitalist industry to quit
their employments upon the day especially set aside aud dedicated to labor,
and with the avowed determination of
not resuming such employments until
their demands for a shorter work-day
are granted, will afford a most imposing
spectacle and one from which mnny valuable lessons mny be drawn.
Some of the Lessons.
The terrific dislocation of industry
that will immediately occur as a result of tho stoppage of the railway service, should bring one lesson home to
every thinking person, a lesson that
should never be forgotten, nnd thnt is
the danger thnt Hob behind a Hystem
of proporty and industry that divides
human socioty into warring factions,
either of which possesses the power to
paralyse industrial lifo and force sta
vat ion nnd misery upon nil. That
power today rests in the hands of own
ers. By authority of their ownership
they can stop industry nt any moment
they may be prompted to do ho by what
soever whim or caprice. The power
also rests in the hands of the enslaved
working clnss, which can bring about
the same result by refusing to continue
in employment. The danger lying behind this unhealthy and abnormal state
nf affnirs is one that constantly threatens tho welfare and security of every
onc. It is a danger that cannot be exercised until the ownership and control
of the industrial life passes out of
capitalist hands into tho hnnds of the
community as a whole, and the purpose
of industry becomes that of production
for use instead of production for profit.
Another lesson of especial significance
to the workers is that of the enormous
power possessed by the working class
if its members net in unison, nnd whnt
a potent weapon thar power becomes
on behalf of the uplift, of lnbor, if it
be turned in the right direction and consecrated to the right purpose. It is
thnt power alone flint run strike the
shackles of servitude from the limbs
of the working class anil usher in the
new day of pence and plenty. Whether
the big demonstration is pulled off noxt
Monday or the demands of tlie Brotherhoods nre granted in the meantime,
matters littlo. The splendid display of
solidarity of action in defonco of n
common interest, that has been so fnr
displayed by the brotherhoods is a veritable rainbow of promise for the future.
May thnt spirit of solidnrity and brotherhood grow until it may be snid with
truth, ''Labor Omnia Vincit."
Ontario Compensation Board Handles
Many Claims.
The Ontario  Workmen's  Compensntion bonrd, in n statement issued Inst
EX-MANAGER BUNTZEN, of the B. G. B."ft Co., were he deceased
rather than absent, would be likely to turn over in hii grave were
he to personally witness the antics of the tramway company officials today. The attitude pf Mr. porter, chief electrical engineer,
would startle him out of his shroud. For the past couple of years
there seems to be a disposition on the part of the' present officials of
the company to look for trouble with their all-union employees. The
Street Railwaymen'a organization had to make the fight of it's life
for existence only a few months ago.       '
Today it is the Electrical Workers' union, the members of whioh
have been forced out for just over a week, as a result of the company
officials' refusal to deal with them aa an organization. Every means
has been used to bring the parties together, but without avail. The
company officials have unfortunately taken the obstinate position that
they will have nothing to do with the Electrical Workers' union, and
evidently intend to fight to a finish, the Electrical Workers h^ve
accepted the defi, and will live up to their international reputation,
one that Mr. Porter has apparently not heard of, but with whieh he
will be better acquainted as time goes on.
Ths Electrical Workers' SUs of It
Business Agent Morrison feels confident that the members of his organisation have nothing to fear. They are' in
a position to win, and they will leave
nothing Undone to that end. They re*
port that the company has already hired!
strike-breakers and that arrangement!
are being made to house them. The
Thiel Detective Agency has been enlisted on the side of the company, and
a scab named H. L. Smith, who some
time ago secured a card in tbe Electrical Workers' union atrMisBoula, Moot.,
is one of the operatives on the job. The
wires are in saeh bad condition at the
corner of Davie and Granville streets
that the traffic point policeman there
has refused to do duty except from the
side of the street. No effort has been
made by the company officials to open
negotiations with the union looking towards a settlement. Supt. W. H. Fraser of the B. C. E. B., assisted by three
scabs, Pete Lapete, Jack Neuville and
Fete Booth were yesterday at work on
the line on Boundary road at the in*
tersectton of the Groat Northern railway. Others are expected to be started
at work this morning. The Btreet Bail-
way Employees' executive ia watching
the progress of events with interest,
and will move at the right time ana
place. The immigration officials have
been urged to do their duty at the
United States boundary Hne and the
government tramways inspector's department is being kept fully advised of
developments endangering the life of
the public through broken wires. In a
word, WBlectrfcal WbrMrs arc'on the
job—and they look for victory within a
few days.
Company's Statement.
In reply to The Federationist last
night, Mr. Light body of the publicity
department, stated that he knew of no
effort being made by the company to
fix up a "bullpen " for the accommodation of strike-breakers, nor to his knowledge was there any strikebreakers at
work. He felt sure the officials had no
desire to nntagonizo its union employees, and that the controversy would
bo amicably settled.
The Federationist yesterday endeavored several times to communicate with
Messrs. Murrin, Saville nnd Porter, officials of thc B. C. E. K., but in all
cases theso gentlemen were not in their
Street Railway Employees' Position.
"The linemen are out to a man in
Victoria, New Westminster, North Vancouver and Vancouver, demanding recognition of their union," said an official of tho Street Railway Employees'
union to The Federationist late last
night. "Our members are extremely
restive ovor the way the company has
treated thc linemen, and the executive
feels that it will be impossible to hold
the men at work if the company put
strike-breakers to work to repair the
wires, now getting in bad shnpe
throughout the city. Guy wires aro
down on about nine of the principal
Btreets, and the company has put Bome
of our men to watch and instruct thc
cotidjctors to pull their trolleys, but no
attempt has been made as yet to repair
thom. This condition cannot Inst long,
without some serious break. Wo have
been in touch with tne representative
of the federal Labor department, J. D.
McNiven.    Wo nre persuaded  that if
Australia was in England, hobnobbing with royalty and rubbing noses
with toadyism, it appears tbat he made
verbal promise of many things, some at
leust of which he has been nnable to
fulfill. Among others was some sort of
a promise relating to conscription in
Australia 'The workers of Australia
seem to have imbibed some peculiarly
democratic notions. Whether this is due
to living under the Southern Cross, or
to being too unmercifully crucified upon
the cross of capitalist exploitation, is a
matter of little consequence. Be that
ns it muy, however, these workerB, having become obsessed with tbe peculiar
notion that labor ought to have something to say nbout its own interests and
affairs, got busy some time ago and
elected a Lnbor governmont in Australia, and in aome of her states. When
Hughes returned from his trip to England and broached bis conscription
scheme w".h a view to carrying out his
promise, it seems to hnve received the
cold water douche at tbe hands of his
constituents. The workers were ln no
mood to quietly submit to it. Labor
members of parliament were promptly
aad emphatically notified that tney
would be slated for retirement to private life, at tbe next election, if they
were caught flirting with any move calculated to force conscription upon Australia, and they wisely hearkened unto
the admonition. The enforcement of
conscription was abandoned.
The Referendum.
Thc daily press of August .SI contained the following information relating
to the Australian situation: "The Federal government has drawn up n proposition to hold a referendum on thc question of establishing compjlsory military
service in Australia. Premier Hughes,
on his return from England recently,
suggested a conscription plan. This
aroused some objection, which led to
thc present proposal." This is probably
the first time in history that it hns
been left to the common people of any
country to decide by their franchise
whether tliey should submit themselves
to military discipline and service or riot.
Surely the world does move. Full credit should be given the Australian
workers for refusing to countenance
any further arbitrary acts upon the
part of the government to force them
into any enterprise to which they hnve
not given tlieir consent. It should not
be difficult to presngo the fate of any
proposed military venture if left to the
vote of un intelligent electorate. It is
to bc hoped if tho Australian workers
see fit to approve of nny Bchcme of
genofal military service that they insist
Hint such military establishment be organized strictly upon demncrntie, lines,
nnd its purpose be solely that of self-
defense within the confines of the nation itself. Thnt is n menns of defense
ngninst attack from tho outside. And
that all individual equipment, Including
arms and ammunition, be kent In possession of the individual soldier at nl!
times. It is not impossible to thus devise a military scheme thnt. would, no
doubt, meet with the approval of every
working man. We offer thc suggestion
to tlio consideration of the Dominion
nuthorities, ns we note quite n disposi
tion in certnin quarters for compulsory
service of some sort. Let us follow the
Australian plnn nnd have a referendum.
week, states that nn average of 270 new
latins nre being allowed weekly in addition to more Ihnn twice this number
of continued and pension payments,
mnking a tot at of about 850 compensation cheques In nil issued ench week.
The average weekly nmmint of compensntion is nbout *22i000. "About 85 per
cent, of tho nccidents involve temporary disability only. 12 per cent, involve
more nr less permanent pnrtinl disability and nbout 2Vj per cent, are denth
cases," declares thc statement.
tbo company plans to' put strike-break-
to work, they will start very serious
trouble with the public and the carmen. The company cannot keep men on
the cars at present, on account of the
low wages paid and thc conditions uf
the labor market. Mon arc senrce and
ages are being increased to most
branches of civic employees, nnd in
many other locnl industries. The company arc losing many of their old employees, and moro thnn 25 per cent, of
the men nre "breaking in." They hnve
tnken on nbout l-fl men since Mny, and
are still short-handed. Thc executive
of the association arc agreed that it
would bo very unwise to tnke advantage
of the present situation to break our
agreement, for the purpose of obtaining
hotter wages for ourselves, but we believe wc should support thc linemen to
got recognition from the company. Wo
do not forget that the compnny hns at
times broken our agreement and are
breaking it in mnny ways even now,
nnd our men will not stand by and see
the linemen beaten."
C. P. R. Delivery Boys Adopted Last
Resort to Secure a Living Wage.
Twonty-two C. P, K. telegraph messengers went on strike during tho week,
nftor thoy hnd failed to secure nny satisfactory answer from Manager Clark
of tho local office, nnd the company
utilized "jitneys" at $1.25 per hour to
deliver messnges, in nn effort to break
the kiddies' strike. The boys wanted
the rate of 2 cents, in the downtown zone, increased to .1 cents, in order
thnt they Qfuld earn n living wago. Tho
rate for outside mosiftgo delivory varied
from PVi to 17 conts. A compromise
settlement wns reached yesterday, by
mooting the strikers. PAGE TWO
PBIDAY.  '.—September -1, 1916
M BranchM ln Canada
A genet- banking business transacted,  areolar letters of etadlt
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Savings Department
Interest allowed it highest
current nte
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Corner Hutlngi and Cambie Sta.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
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8:40, 7:10, 0:11    leasea's Prices:
Hatmes,  Mc;  Irealifs, Me,  He.
Some of Oar Btit Cnttomert
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver. In some
cases, where a customer
we are willing to talk it over.
Come in and look over tbe biggest
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For further information apply to
Published every Friday m
by the B. 0.
B. Parm. Pettipiece.
Offlc-i:   Boon 817, Lsbor Tsmple
Tel. Exchange Soymonr 7486
Subscription:   $1.50 por yesr: ta Vanoouver
OUr, 12.00; to anions subscribing
in a body, 91.00
New Westminster W. Yatei, Box 1021
Prlnco Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 581
Victoria...... A. 8. Wolls, Box 1588
'Unity of Labor: tbo Hope of tbo World"
FRIDAY September 1, 191G
THERE IS to be held, at some date
yet to be fixed, somewhere in Canada, a national trade convention,
as the following communcation duly
aetteth forth. The Federationist hereby acknowledges
BOOST the honor conferred
FOR THE.. by the  department
CONVENTION. of Trado and Commerce in extending
thiB invitation to participate in the
boosting that seems to bo necessary, if
the proposed convention is to meet with
the success so laudable an undertaking
richly deserves. We fear that this
sheet will not have any appreciable influence upon the business interests in inducing them to participate in the event,
but still we are willing to what we can
to further so worthy a cause. About
three foolscap pages of suggested headlines for editorials accompanied the
communication, for which we desire to
thank the department, and extend the
assurance that we shayy make the best
possible use of them.
* *       *   •
Department of Trades and Commerce,
Ottawa, Aug, 5th, 1916.
Dear Bir: As you are aware, the Right
Hon. Sir Oeorge Foster, minister of trade and
commerce, recently issued a call to the business interests of Canada with objeot to secure not only their attention to the situation
with which the country will be faced commercially, at the termination of the war, but
their active co-operation in a study and discussion of the problems involved and Anally
their mature opinion and proposals at the
coming national trade convention, to be held
at some 'date yet to bo fixed, probably in tbe
latter part of October next.
I am sure yoa will appreciate our responsibilities to Canada during this great world
crisis. Therefore, I feel Justified In asking
for the whole-hearted co-operation of the
presB at this time. The direction of the
necessary spade work (or snob a eonvention
Is essentially the duty of our successful men
of affairs, and the measure of value of the
convention to tbe country will be the extent
to which the business Interests have responded to tbe minister's call.
Heretofore, as we all know, our prosperity
■has been handed to us. Yesterday it was
capital from Europe for our construction enterprises; today it is money for war orders;
tomorrow we snail bave to stand on our own
feet and dig for ourselves among the nations
of the world,   Tbat is the issue.
It seems to me that the proposed conven-!
tton can be made a success if the presB of the j
country will turn Its batteries upon our bust-
ness men by way of short editorials from
time to time, and to that end, if suoh a proposal meets with your approval, I am taking
the liberty to enclose a number of headlines
that suggest themselves In connection wltb a
campaign of this kind.
Pray understand I am not asking you to
write editorials to these headlines. I merely
advance them hoping that tbey mar more
clearly bring to your mind what I havo In
view.   Tours very truly,
P. 6. T. O'HARA,
Deputy Minister.
* *     „*
The Federationist is a Labor paper.
As such it does not and cannot view
matters from the same standpoint as
those worthy sheets that voice the
hopes and aspirations of that section of
human society that is solely wrapped up
in the eminently laudable undertaking
of plundering the working class, and indulging in that veritable "monkey and
parrot" jamboree within itB own ranks
in whacking up the plunder which is
commonly termed business. Canada
may and doubtless will be faced with
commercial conditions aud problems at
the termination of the war, that will
call for earnest and careful consideration at the hands of the interests involved, but the working class of the
Dominion, tin^ °* tne worW f°r that
matter, will have no problem to solve
that it did not have prior to the war.
And the working class will have no
problem that could be solved by any
convention of business interests, or that
would be even for a moment considered
by such a body. --        ,
* • *.
Of course we "appreciate our responsibilities to Canada during this great
world crisis." But we of the working
clasB did not bring on this world crisis.
Wo had nothing to do with it. The
"responsibilities to Canada" resting
upon us now aro in no manner different
from what thoy were before this terri-
bio war wns evor thought of. Our responsibilities to Canada are merely the
snmo as Canada's responsibilities t'o us.
According to Capt. Prettyman, secretary of tho British Board of Trade, the*
responsibilities of Britain und her colonics to their workors have been so well
attended to in tho past that some mil
lions of us had to await tho coming of
war and military service in ordor to be
ablo to enjoy full rations. The captain
asserts that tbo mon in tho ranks aro
now eating one-half more than they got
in "civilian lifo." If we attend to our
"responsibilities" with equal Btond-
fastnesB of purpose and success, it looks
ns though Canada nnd the rest of tho
Empire weald also sink to two-thirds
rations. We are well nwaTe of the
necessity of tho '' whole-hearted cooperation of the press" whenever there
is nny moulding of public opinion to bo
done, and such a thing as moulding
public opinion is only necessary in tho
foisting of doubtful schemes. And it
wilf*always bc forthcoming from- that
section of the press, that is "kept" for
tho purpose. Dollars to doughnuts that
editorials havo already appeared under
tlie captions so kindly furnished by the
department of Trnde and Commerce,
Let there bo no uneasiness for fear that
tho necessnry "spade work" will not
be done. "Our buccobbPi.1 mon of affairs" never overlook u bet of that
kind. That tho "business interests
will respond to the cull is a foregone
conclusion.   So do buzzards always re
spond to the call of a dead carcase aB
the scent comeB down the wind.
*      *      *
We of the working, class know full
well that "our prosperity has, heretofore, been handed to us." It surely
has and that for fair. And a right enjoyable sort of prosperity it has surely
been. That sort that can best be expressed through two-thirds rations.
That' is the kind and it has been handed
us good and plenty. We know all about
that brand, and we also know there is
lots more of it to be handed us, in the
future,, , "Handed us" is good. If
anything it is too brutally expressive.
But it iB absolutely correct. "Yesterday it was capital from Europe for our
construction enterprises; today it is
money for war orders; tomorrow we
shall have to stand on our own feet
and dig for ourselves among the nations
of the world." We of the working
class nover had any "construction enterprises" and nothing ever came from
Europe for us, except some low down
scheme to shackle us to the "construction enterprises'" of others. As we
never had any munitions to sell, we
nover got anything out of wnr orders
except more work, mostly for nothing.
And as for standing on our own feet
and digging, we have always done that.
But the worst of it is that not only
have we always had to dig a little bit
for ourselves, but a hell of a lot for
thut gallant array of "men of affairs" and their job lot of flunkies and
hungers-on that constitutes the "business interests" of this glorious old
world. We sincerely hope that the proposed convention will devise some
scheme that will result in the whole
hungry brood of "business interests"
being compelled to dig -their own worms
in the future. We have done it for
them long enough. At any rate to help
matters along, we shall booat the convention, while at the same time living
in hopes that it will not be able to
hatch up any schemes more damnable
than those already included in the
everyday stock iu trade of "our" dearly beloved "business interests."
A RESOLUTION, recently passed by
London, (Ont.) Trades and Labor
council, has been forwarded to
each organization affiliated with the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
The matter contain-
1VBRTTHINO ed therein is termed
3UT THE an issue and the de-
UGHT THING, clared purpose is to
"bring this issue to
the front at each available opportunity." The issue in question relates to
the paper currency in circulation in
Canada, and which is issued by the
chartered banks of the Dominion. The
first complaint lodged against this particular form of circulating medium alleges that "wage and salary receiving
wealth producers, in Canada, are being
systematically robbed and defrauded of
a large percentage of their labor product, under cover of a currency system
which legalizes the payments of wages
in counterfeit money, in the form of
lithographed paper, not Hacked by gold
or its equivalent in labor cost."
* * *
We are woll aware of the fact that
the producers of wealth are robbed of
that which they produce, in its entirety.
They are toot robbed of either a large,
or a small percentage of it, but-all of it.
But that any portion of it is taken from
them because of any flimflam made possible through the working of any money
tricks or schemes, is ao palpably ridiculous that it Bhould not be entertained
by any one above four years of nge. Its
ridiculousness may be found in the fact
that the wealth referred to never belonged to these "wag* nnd jtalary receiving wealth producers." The trick
that deprived them of all ownership and
control of that wealth, was turned upon
thom prior to the production of it. And
this was made possible, not because
money wns or was not paper, gold, or
any other substance, but because of the
fact' that the means of production were
hold as capitalist property nnd these
workera wore/ therefore, compelled to
waive all ownership in their future pro-
duet by selling their labor power—their
powor to produce wealth—to the capitalist owners of the means of production. These workers received for their
labor power, whatever its market prico
may have been at the time of sale, and
that market prico was determined by
the sumo circumstances nnd in the same
manner as tho prico of nny other commodity. They wero paid in such com*
modities as they required. These com*
modifies wero taken out of the goneral
market, by moans of such money payments as may hnve been made to thom
by thoir omployers direct, and the currency used for such purpose Is the same
as is in use for all commercial transactions. Consequently if nny wrong was
perpetrated upon the workers because
of the use of saeh currency, a similar
wrong must bo perpetrated upon all
other users of it, and it does not require
much of a logician to see that the
wrong would thus be completely nullified.
* * *
Now as to this silly talk about "counterfeit money." The dollar, in tho
United States and Canada, consists of
25,8 grains of gold nino-tenths fine.
That Ib established by law. The law,
however, docs not attempt to establish
the value of the dollar. That is a mat-
tor that must be left to the circumstances o.nd conditions of the market,
the Kiuno as with all other commodities.
This gold-pieco goes into exchange with
other commodities, and ita value, relative to that of others, is determined by
the relatively necessary cost of their
production, measured by labor time.
Paper currency is not money, buA a
.promise to pay monoy. It is only net
snry to oxamlno any chartered bank or
government note to prove this.   Those
pieces of paper are merely promissory
notes. They pass from hand to hand
just the,same as gold, so long as the
world of exchange has confidence in the
issuer ^s ability to redeem the promise
made in the note. The assertion that
these notes now in use in Canada are
"not backed by gold or its equivalent
in labor cost" is controverted by the
fact that the purchasing power of a $5
gold piece, or ,a $5 bill, is the same,
Down in California all payments are
made iu gold. The possessor of paper
currency is looked upon with suspicion.
And yet the condition of the "wage and
salary" gentry is identical with that of
the same tribe in Canada. According
to the logic of Aahplant's resolution,
this ought not to be the case, for it
asserts that "counterfeit money seriously influences the rise in prices of
commodities, which heavily depreciateB
the purchasing power of wages." Some
♦ * *
The resolution whereus's its complaint that this "counterfeit" damnation not only worka "injury" to the
working class, bat also to the "state."
That is the biggest joke of all. If this
infamy now exists it must do so with
the approval of the state. It must -be
buttressed and bulwarked by that pre-
ciouB institution itself. And Ashplant
is disturbed because thiB infamous chartered bank gang of counterfeiters iB
working an "injury" to the "atate,"
through its wicked schomes. Such tender solicitude will no doubt be appreciated by that'paternal state that is
thus Buffering injury at the hands of its
sinful offspring. But it iB rather in the
nature of a joke that such stuff ahould
be seriouBly considered by any body of
working people who possess any realization of what the Btate actually iB. Any-
thing that could work an injury to it
ought to receive encouragement at the
hands of its victims. Af least we Bhould
think so. Still there are an awful lot
of workingmen who havo no trouble in
busying themselves with everything but
the right thing. How to break the'rule
of. capital, and free themselves and
their class from its brutal exploitation
does not concern them in the least.
That's too hard. Something easy auits
them better.
$10 for a 44-hour week. It Ib far better
in every way that.the workerB should
accept whatever the employers see fit to
hand them. That there are lots of waitresses right here in Vancouver that do
not ge( over $8 per week, and many of
them compelled to work in Chinese restaurants for aa little as $5, affords a
splendid tribute to the wisdom of the
working- class of this province in steering clear of the dangerous innovations
so recklessly introduced by their Australian brethren. In this province and
Dominion the workers have nothing to
say. And they do not "act as if they
ever intended to even reach out for anything, unless' it might be a swift kick
where it would do the moat good. Loyalty to Empire and spineless indifference to anything and everything that
would make an empire fit to live in,
seems to be the chief earmark of the
average Canadian slave. He is just wise
enough for that, and that makes him too
wise, in his master's interest, for anything else.
THEBE IS much going on in Australia that ought to be of interest
to every.working man, especially.
A great deal has been said in the way
of criticism of the Labor government
but it would appear
B. 0. WORKSRS that tbe workers of
TOO WISE somo other parts of
FOR THAT. the world could lose
nothing by following in the footsteps of their fellows'of
Australia. At any rate they are making an attempt to do something for
themselves and their class, and that is
rather more than can be said of the
most of us. It Ib no doubt true that
more of danger than Bafety for the
working class Hob in government ownership and control of the means of production, that is if tbe reinB of government are to remain in the hands of the
master or capitalist class. If the workers, however, become intelligent enough
to seize the reins of government in behalf of their own class, the controljjf
industry by such means cannot work
injury to those who produce the wealth
of the world.   >
* * *
The building and operating of a huge
system of abattoirs, by the Labor government of New South Wales, as outlined by the special correspondent of
The Federationist, opens up a vista that
is replete with very suggestive possibilities for the working class in tho future.
Not only is such a line of action calculated to relieve the city workers from
some of the more heavy exactions of
their- masters, but also to enable the
farmers to oscape the crushing toll hitherto lovied upon them byVap^ta.. The
workers in the meat industry may now
be ns completely freed from exploitation
as is possible, until the entire field of
production and distribution has likewise
been brought under working class ownership, and control. The cattle raisers
will likewise receive protection to
similar extent, that is they will receive
as much as it is possiblo to get out of
the marketing of their sheep and cattle,
while the greater part of the machinery
of industry still remains in the hands of
the capitalists. Ab the Australian government hns handled the wheat crop for
the farmers this lust year, and with
such aU round satisfaction that this
policy is to bo continued, it looks ns
though tho policy of the Labor party is |
to bo the coming policy, at least for
that part of tho enrth. Howevor satisfactory that policy may bo to workers
of the Antipodes, it is not to be expected that the workers of British Columbia
nnd the Dominion will proflt by the lesson taught. They are much too wise for
that, we may bo sure.
• * •
Neither the workers, nor the fanatical
prohibitionists of this neck of the
woods, will be able to draw useful lessons from the Labor government's ownership nnd operation of the hotels of
N. Australia. The prohlbs would rather
piffle along berating liquor dealers and
denouncing liquor users, than to adopt
tho eminently sensible method of dispelling the evils of the traffic by eliminating all possibility of personal gain
from that traffic. The conditions surrounding the workers in the hotels and
other eating and refreshment establishments of Canada, are much more befitting to the mental,. moral and spinal
makeup of the Canadian slave, than
would be the case under such conditions
as are made possible by the Australian
hotol policy. Just fancy, if you can,
the demoralizing effect of establishing
equal pay for equal service, irregardless
of sex, and with no worker around a
hotel or restaurant getting Icbb than.' reau
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Royal drown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd;
Vancouver, D.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
THE Committee on Industrial Relations, Washington, D. C, is sending
out a voluminous amount of matter
dealing in one way and another with
the interests of workers and working
class organizations.
LOTS OF Muoh of this is of
CHAFF BUT inestimable value in
LITTLE WHEAT the way of throwing light upon the
relations existing between employing
eoucerns and their workmen, in bo far
as those relations are expressed by
means of the frequent and often violent
outbreaks and disputes over wages and
other conditions and circumstances of
employment. That many conclusions
drawn by members of the editorial staff
of the committee are more than apt to
be economically unsound and untenable
need not be considered surprising, for it
is a well-known fact that the extreme
plentifulness of any given thing may be
more safely taken aa an indication of
ita cheapness than of its merit. This
rule seems to apply to all kinds of merchandise, even unto that peddled from
editorial sanctum and public platform.
While disclaiming any intention to be
unduly captious, we are inclined to
think that some bf the matter sent out
by the committee is not only worthless
to the Labor movement, but positively
harmful, for the reason that it conveys
unsound and misleading conclusions,
that can only lead to disastrous consequences If accepted by the workers.
There seems to bo a rather widespread
disposition amongst Labor papers to
publish this mntter just as it comes
from the committee, no matter how
great the quantity, or poor the quality.
We admit that it is easy copy, but tbat
is not quite sufficient to at all times
warrant its use.
# * *
The Federationist is in receipt of a
two-page article from the committee, by
Dante Barton. This circular starts off
as follows: "Labor's present opportunity in the United States and the powers
of organized labor have just received a
magnificent tribute in statements issued
by the heads of the Steel Trust and allied corporations." And here is the tribute: "The bottom has literally dropped out of the lnbor market. Under the
present chaotic state of affairs, manufacturers have no alternative than topay
what the men demand if they want to
hold them." Mr. Barton's comment
upon this is in part as follows: "It has
never been made clearer than in these
statements of the Steel Trust owners
thatf such employing interests always do
and always will keep wages down when
they have the power to do so. But it is
also made clear thnt Labor,by organization, by the assertion of its rights, can
force wages up and demand and get better conditions of living, and tbat Labor
now is doing this very thing for its own
rightful benefit," And absolutely nothing of the sort has been mnde clear,
either by what was said by the Steel
magnates or as yet by Mr. Barton him
Belf. The only thing "made clear", by
the "tribute" of the Steel Trust
spokesman is that the slave market has
become so depleted of human chattels
that the price has gone up somewhat,
And the price (wages) haB advanced
without any effort upon the pnrt of organized or any class of labor to force it,
and it has not been retarded in consequence of tho Steel Trust's efforts to
hold it bnck. And what iB still more to
tho point is, that it is not a matter of
record that there is any organization of
labor within a day's journey of the
plants of the Stool TruBt, anyhow. So
thero you nre, Mr. Barton. And in spito
of all this guff about tho grand achievements of Lnbor, Barton so far forgots
what he has been talking about as to
innocently record "the faot that wages
paid the great majority of workers in
the steel industry are still cruelly and
ridiculously low." And such conditions
still obtain after all of the splendid
achievements of an organized labor that
does not exist, and after that "magnificent tribute," toot   Isn't it a d d
shame ? *
* • *
After assuring us that the statistics
of the Labor department at Washington
"confirms the statement that Labor is
now able, as at no other time in itB history, to fix and control its own share in
industrial prosperity," Mr. Barton goes
on to show to what an enormous extent
unscrupulous labor has taken advantage
of its opportunity to not only "fix and
control its own share of industrial prosperity, " but to put its greedy masters
into a dovil of a financial fix, besides,
as note the following gem: "Labor has
forced its share in this increase' of
wealth and income. For the ten and a
half months from July, 1915, to May 15,
1016 (the date at whieh the Labor department endod) there have been 1486
general wage increases affecting 2247
establishments, and adding, as the Bu-
of   Labor   Statistics   estimates,
Do you want a homef
If you do we have some very
choice ones from which to make
a selection that are actually held
at real bargain prices. It makes
no difference waat locality you
desire, as we have them in all
parts of the city and suburbs. We
have them as low as $500 for a
clear deed, and on any terms to
suit the purchaser. Let ub submit some of these fine homes to
If you have any property you
wish to Bell, no mntter how large
or small, give us your listing, and
we will endeavor to make a quick
about three hundred million dollars to
tbe wages of approximately 5,700,000
wage-earners.'' That is going some, indeed A moment's work with the pencil
will show that the share of increased
prosperity to whioh each of these nearly
six million workers was entitled, and
which was secured to him through this
mighty increase in wages, amounts to
the gigantic Bum of about $50 per annum. This is positively overwhelming.
All of this noise and bluster about $50
a year. An awful lot of chaff, but a
very few kernels of wheat. And then
it is strangely remindful of the historic
remarks of Farmer Jones upon that
memorable occasion wben he sheared his
old sow. Take Mr. Barton's production
all through, and it is most powerfully
reminiscent of Samuel Gompers and the
American Federation of Labor offlce,
which come to think of it is also in
Washington. Other things are thus being "made clear."
Exports from the United States for
the month of July amounted to $446,-
000,000. For the year ending with June
the exports were $4,511,000,000. It
would be quite interesting to know
what tbe working plugs who produced
this tidy little amount of swag got out
of it for their trouble and sweat. It
would, indeed.
first and third Thursdays,     Executive
board: James H.  McVety, presidont;  B. N.
Mylos,   vice-president;   Helena   Gutteridgo,
funeral secretary, 310 Lahor Templo:
'red Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill,
itistlctan: sergeant-at-arms, John Bully; A.
Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, true*
Meets  seeond Monday  ln tha month.
President, J. McKinnon; senator?,   R.   H,
Neelanda, P. O. Box 00.
BAR?a«.T>ER8' LOCAL No. 670.—Offloa,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meeta flrat
Sunday oi eaoh month. President, James
Campbell; finanoial secretary, H, Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4703; recording secretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Qlobe Hotel, Main atreet.
al Union of America, Looal No. 190—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays ln the month,
room 205, Labor Temple. Pnaldent, L. B.
Herrltt; socretary, S. H. Orant, 004 Georgia
—Meeti every let and Srd Tueaday,
8 p.m,, Room 807. President, P. Dickie;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
58; flnanclal aeoretary, W. J. Pipes; bualneea
agent, W. S. Dajpall, Room 218.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281.1. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor Temple,
8 p.m. President, A. 8yli.es; secretary, Chaa.
0. Austin, 721 Eighth Ave. Eaat.
•nd Iron Ship Buildera and Helpers of
America, Vaneoaver Lodge No. 104—Meett
flnt and third Mondaya, 8 p-m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth arenas ***-*•
seoretary, A( Fraaer, 1151 Howe atreet.
PACIFIC—Meets at 487 Oore avenne every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, business
meeta room 206, Labor Temple, every
Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W. MeDougall,
1102 Powell atreet; recording aeoretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple: flnanolal' eeert*
tary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
soolatlon, Local 38-52.   Offlce and hall,
10 Powell street.    Meets, every Thursday 8
&m.    Gk'o. Thomas, business agent; Thomaa
lion, secretary.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m. President
3. Mclvor; recording secretary, J. Brookes;
financial secretary, J. H. MoVety, 211 Labor
Temple. Seymour 7495.
TORS' UNION, Local 848., I. A. T.
S. E, A M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday ol
eaoh montb, Room 204, Labor Temple.
President, J. C. Lachance; business agent, W.
E. McCartney; flnanclal and corresponding
secretary, H. C. Roddan, P. 0. Bo* 845.
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity-
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 001 Seventh avenue west; flnanclal secretary. J. Campbell, 4860 Argylo
street; ncording seoretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512  Yew street; phone Bayvlew 2608L.
The Fcder.it .onist" is in receipt of a
circular letter from tho Social Service
Council of Canada, Toronto, under date
of Aug. 21, signed by Messrs. J. G.
Shearer and T. Albert Moore as joint
secretaries, making suggestions as to
the fitting observation of Labor Sunday
in Canada. Aside from the objective
sought it is notable that the letter-head
still carries, under the heading '' organizations represented/* the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, an organization which withdrew its affiliation at
the Vancouver, convention last September.
Are we free men!1 Or are we slaves!
Have wo a right to our own lives, to
our own so-uls, to our own personalities!
Or are we mere automatons, constructed
to do the will of master manipulators—
conscioUBleBB figures wound up to operate by clockwork! asks the Australian
Worker, Of courso we are. Of course
we have. Of courso we are. Will the
audience please rise and join us in singing " Britons never, never, will be
slaves"! Max O'Bell said ho never
heard it sung with more impressive effect thon when sung by women towing
canal boats along tbe canals of dear old
In an editorial dealing with the
threatened railway Btrfke, the Wall
Street Journal makes bold to declare
that "perhaps the country has at last
como face to face with tho inevitable
decision whether it is helpless to prevent loss than two per cent, of tho population lovying what tribute it will
upon the wholo." As we had road that
about two per dent, of tho population of
the United States owned most of the
wealth of tho country, and we knew
thnt these owners levied tribute, we
naturally inferred that it was at this
wealthy two per cent, that the Journal
was aiming its shafts. And we were
greatly elated thereat. Our elation took
n chill, however, when we discovered
further on in the editorial that the railroad brotherhoods constituted the wicked two per cent, that had aroused the
editorial ire.
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
vice-president. R. E. Rigby; recording secretory, A. V. Lofting, 2581 Trinity street; financial seoretary and business agent, Fred. A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
bold flnt Tuesday In eaeh montb, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Gutteridgo; recording aeo., C. Mo*
Donald, Box 608; financial secretary, H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 008.
Meets last Sunday of oach month at 2
p.m. President, Wm. H. Youhill; vice-president. W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R.
H. Neolands. P. 0. Box 66.
ln annua] convention ln January. Ezeo*
utlve offlcen, 1916*17: President, Ju. B. MoVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, 0. Slverti;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompson. P. 0. Box 158; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. ot A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-treasurer, A, S. Wells. P.
0. Boi 1538. Victoria, B. 0.
jgjjjjjjjg »■ 0.
OIL—Meet, flrat and third Wednesday,
Labor ball, 1424 Oovernment street, at 0
p. m. President, O. Taylor; secretary, P.
Holdrldge, Boi 808, Victoria, B. 0.	
of America, local 784, New Westminster,
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 480.
Fhon. Seymonr 4480
L*?cvtz<tt)$ (SxuxrHHeuze
Labor Templo Press    Vancouver, B. 0.
p5A Of America. JEtx?
Vote agalnat prohibition I Demand per*
aonal liberty in choosing what you will drink.
Aak for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee that lt la Union Made. This ta our Label
Coal mining rights of tha Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, ttae Northwest Territories and
in a portion of tbe Provinoe of Britlah Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
yeara at an annual rental of $1 an aero, Not
more than 2,660 acres will be leased to one
Applications for lease must ba made by the
applicant ln person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the/district In which the rlghta applied
for are situated.
In surveyed' territory the land must be de*
scribed by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and In nnsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall ba staked by the applicant himself.
Eaeh application must be accompanied by
- fee of ^6,. whloh will be refunded if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mint at tbe rate
of five cento per ton.
The person operating tha mine ahall furnish the Afcent with sworn returns accounting for the  fall  quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, bnt the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rlghta
may be considered necessary for the working
of the, mine at the rate ot 110 aa aere.,-
For full Information application ahould bo
made to the Secretary or tho Department of
that Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Landa. '
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B,—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80890 m_wm
'FRIDAY...... ^....September 1, 1016
Fellow Unionists
i *
To Defeat
•    THE
Please Mark Your Ballot Like This
Are you ta 'aw of
bringing   tbe   '-British
Columbia     ProMtytlon
/ Act" into force?
Vancouver Breweries
VANCOUVER, B.C.      ,
Public Abattoirs Have Been
Erected in New
South Wales
Ask for Your Support
PleaseMark Your Ballot Like This
Are yon ln favor of
bringing the "British
Columbia Prohibition
Act" Into force?
NO.   X
Victoria Phoenix Brewing Co.
Fellow Unionists
To Defeat the
Fake Prohibition
Please Mark Your Ballot Like This
Are you ln favor of
bringing   the   "British
Columbia     Prohibition
Act" into force?
NO.   X
Employees of tht
Westminster Brewery, Limited
Are your teeth
in good order?
ARE your teeth efficient! Havo you your full equipment of thirty-
two teeth in good working order! Each one of them is important,
ond vou cannot afford to do without a single one of them-your health
and efficiency dopond on your teeth being ablo to perform their function
completely.        PERMANENT CROWNS and BRIDGES *
Beauty of expression as well as full efficiency restored—made to fit the
face—heavily cast in solid gold, with Modal of Honor Teeth.
$4. per tooth
Consultations and examinations freo.
Telephone Soymour 3331.
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings, 7 to 8.
Offlce closed Saturday afternoon.
My painies. mea-  Dr. Brett Anderson
i^™0! '__*      <*°«»*~ Md«e si",ctaurt
Special 11 P. M. to 1. A. M.
704 Robson Street
Quietus. Has Been Given to
Conscription  Scheme
In Australia
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Aug. 5.—(Special
to The FederationiBt.)—The New
South Wales abattoirs, costing $7,500,-
000, have just# been opened. They represent the very last word' in the killing
of meat for human consumption. Heavy
though the cost may appear to be, the
offset lies in the fact that the people of
this state will have tne meat they consume killed and distributed in the most
wholesome and hygienic manner possible. The abattoirs of the world have
been ransackedjn search of the latest
and most improved methods and everything that has been installed stands for
cleanliness and thoroughness.
Nothing Wasted Bnt the Squeal.
The scheme covers some 1500 acres of
ground, which comprises tke actual
abattoir premises, the test grounds for
the cattle, and the site, salesyards and
railway approaches. In the general get-
up, Chicago haB been ■'emulated in many
respects. In the slaughtering of cattle,
sheep and hogs, everything will be turned to account with the possible exception of the squeal. Offal and blood will
be made into fertilizer and sold at the
cheapest rate. These abattoirs will be
free from noisome smells, for not only
will every part of the animal be used,
but even the gases will be imprisoned
and chemically handled^ Railways will
convey the skins, hides, etc., to the
various scouring and fellmongery works
erected near the Bite, where they will
be turned into articles of commerce.*
Everything for Cleanliness.
One prominent feature of theso new
works is their roominess, while another
is the all-round provision tnat is made
for cleanliness. Water ia laid everywhere. The carcase trom the time it
leaves the pen until it iB put .in the
butcher'b cart for delivery, will be
cleansed by water drawn from the same
source as the people of the state use for
drinking purposes. - A huge reservoir
holding 160,000 gallons has been provided for washing down purposes. Two
hundred railway wagons will always be
kept in reserve to rush the offal away
to the various works for treatment.
Elimination of Hand Labor.
Every known device has been adopted for the purpose of doing away, as
far as possible, with the work of human
hands. Whon the animals are despatched by thcexcutioner, their decapitated
heads run down one chute and their
paunches down another, where operatives are stationed to deal with them.
At tho same time the triood and waste
will run along canals through a series
of deodorizing vessels which reduce the
smells to moisture—the blood being conserved for use, and the waste to the
sewer. Electric wires of low current
will be used to drive the cattle to the
death chambers, and after being killed
they are handled, in so far as lifting is
concerned, ontirely by mechanical appliances. The electric power house has
a capacity of 3500 kilowatts and the
electric lighting installation is the lar
gest in Australia. The cooling chambers represent a stored energy of 150
tons of ice per 24 hours.
Export Trade.
Special buildings to deal with export
trade have beon providod. The mutton
house is fivo stories high and the beef
house six stories. The export works
alone, in a working yenr of 300 days,
will be able to turn out 3,000,000 carcases of mutton and 150,000 carcases of
beef. The daily slaughtering capacity
for home uso will bc lfiOO beef, 15,000
mutton, 1400 veal and 1300 pork carcases. In the sale yards provision is
made for 75,000 shopp and lambs, 0000
cattle, 1000 calves and 3000 swine.
Offices and Work Conditions.
Tho administrative offices cover three
acres of ground, and are n handsome Bet
of buildings, with gardens, lawns, telegraph, sale, press and telephone offices,
refreshment rooms and workshops. The
workers in the plant will work undor
tho best possible conditions. Bnth-roms,
lnundries and chnngo houses aro a feature of the workB, and If will be possible for tho mon to go to work and return, all tnggod up in their "Sunday
best" clothes. While at work they will
all wear clothos of immaculnto whiteness.
Conscription Gets Quietus.
Tho advocates of conscription in Aus-
Established 1904   y
The Pickling
Pure  Vinegar  is  essentinl   with
which to make good' pickles.
Our Vinegar manufactured tinted government supervision..
New season's Apple Cider will
be ready Sept. 15 at our branch
factory, Vernon, B. C.
Also new B. C. Sauerkraut, made
from Lulu Island finest cabbdge.
Vinegar Works
1365-7 Powell St. Vancouver, B.O.
and Vernon, B. O.
Telephone at Vancouver,
High. 286
tralia seem to have played their last
card. The faot that the scheme was
boosted strenuously by the Employers
Federation and such like bodies of capitalist interests, gave the show away,
and the workers saw through the swindle. The conscriptionista demanded
that the government provide the 50,000
extra men promised by the Australian
prime minister prior to going to, England. To their intense dismay the government issued a. statement which has
never been released before to the effect
that the 50,000 have already been found
—a total of 286,000 having enlisted. It
was formerly urged that 300,000 was
Australia's quota, bat the government
announced .that at. the request of the
British government, reinforcements
were reduced and that the 286,000 enlisted are more than enough for Australia's quota. AH ammunition making
has been stopped in Australia, by order
of the British government, and this is
taken here as an indication that the
war is now entering upon its last stage,
and will come to an end very soon.
Of Interest to Hotel Employees,
The Australia Arbitration court has
decided that right wages must be paid
In the government-owned hotels, no
matter whether it paid the government
to run the hotels or not. Also equal
wages must be paid to men and women
for the same class of work, and farther,
the wages must be fixed high enough to
allow the white workers to take up the
jobs held by Chinese labor while the
hotels were privately owned. The Australian Workers' union is to have the
preference in filling the jobs. This is
the largest union in. Australia, having
over 100,000 members. The scale under
the new award is as follows: Cooks,
$17.50 per week; barmen, $17.50; waitresses, $12,50 to $11, and laundresses,
kitchenmen, yardmen, boots and general
servants, $12.50. Forty-four hours to
constitute a week's work, and overtime
at the rate of time and a half and
double time, for holidays. After 12
months' service, each employee to get
two weeks' holiday on full pay-
To Fix All Prices.
It is a matter of common knowledge
here in Australia, that the cost of living
haB advanced at least 40 per cent, dur-
in the last few years, and tbat the advance in wages has not been in the
same ratio. The condition has at last
become intolerable. The high court of
Australia has now decided that the federal government has power to fix the
price of every commobSty in Australia.
The first step upon the part of the government is to assume control of all the
machinery used by the various states in
their work of price fixing. This is being gone on with at present. Now that
the matter has been taken in hand by
the federal government, it ia hoped the
whole affair will be adjusted upon a
common basis, and the evils aB far as
possible removed.
Their Demands Granted.
Four thousand colliery mechanics in
about twenty mineB of the Maitland
coal field; recently walked out for an increase of wages. As it was openly hinted that all the miners of Australia were
combined for a strike tn case the demands were refused, the walk-out was
short lived. The demands were granted
and the men returned to work. The
bosses in Australia do not particularly
relish the idea of the growing solidarity
of labor. On July 20 a one-day stop
meeting wns held throughout Australia
and Tasmania, as a protest against the
tardiness of tho owners in introducing
the eight-hour from bank to bank.
Every miner in Australia and Tasmania
is now organized into one big union,
and cannot be played off against bach
other as was formerly the cose. 'On account of the embargo on the export of
coal, work ia generally slow in Australia. Many of the mines are working
short time, and it does not look ns
though things will brighten np until
after the war, is over. There is little
actual distress, however, amongst the
miners, for a good many of them havo
found place in other occupations, that
will tide them over until matters take
a turn for the better.
Electrical Workers' Strike Aftermath—
Imjfroved Labor Market—New
Central Body Treasurer.
Echoes of the striko of the civic
electric workers earlier in the year were
heard at the last meeting of the Trades
and Labor council, wuen Delegate
Foeney inquired if it was correct that a
B. C. E. R. lineman was going to work
for the city, and if he waB a union man?
It was explained by the goneral secretary, Delegato Yates, that the Street
Railwaymen's union had no authority
over the linemen, who were in tho Electrical Workers' union, but he understood it was the intention of tho city to
return to the employment of union men
for its electrical work and thut teh
Electrical Workers' union were considering the advisability of allowing union
men to work on the city's light linos.
The man to whom referonce was made
was, however, undor suspension by his
union, being ono of tho only two Westminster men, ho addod, who were weaned away from union principles when
the company was endeavoring in 1915
to destroy the Street linilwnymen's and
Electrical oWrkors' unions.
A shortage of men was being experienced by tlie company at the present
timo, it wns reported, and another
freight trnin was going into operation
on tho Fraser Valley line totake earn
of the lumber shipments Other unions
also reported conditions good.
^ W. T. Morris handed in his resignation as treasurer, asking that it be accepted "without rrills or bouquets."
The council insisted though on inserting
an expression of regret and his successor wns appointed in A. I. Lewis of the
Typographical union.
Trades and Lahor Council.
September 3, 1891.
Vice-president Bartley presided at a
special meeting of tho Trados and
Labor council and H. Cowan acted as
A controversy arose botweon the
stonecutters und bricklayers as to taking part in the coming Labor Day parade. Tho result was that tho bricklayers decided not to march.
The Lubor. Day progrnmmo was discussed till a luto hour,
A letter was read from James Wilkes,
secretary minera, Northfleld, V. I., ro
Labor Day.
Every union man In Vancouver should
insist upon having a union man deliver
milk to his household. See that he
wears the button for the current quarter.
Liquor Act Not Calculated
To Prevent Purchase.
Qf Liquor
Will Merely Force the User
To Buy Outside of
the Province
[By Chas. G. Austin]
(Secretary Brewery Workors' Union)
THE B. C. Prohibition Act, on which
the electors of British Columbia will
be asked to register .their opinions at
the polls, is not a prohibition act in any
sense of the term. So contrary is it to
the principles of prohibition that prohibitionists themselves are freely criticising the measure and the man who is
neither "wet" or "dry" is asking the
pointed Question as to what will be secured by the bill save* the building up
of industry and trade at points outside
the province.'
AH of which goes to show that it is
advisable that the elector who desires
to vote intelligently on the subject
should carefully examine the act before
election day.
The Open Eoad.
The "wide open" clause of the act,
clause 67, readB in part as follows!
"Nothing in this act shall be construed to interfere (a) with the
right of any person to import from
without the province liquor for
bona fide use in his private dwelling house."
This clause meanB that any resident
of the province is allowed to purchase
all the liquor he desires, just as often as
he wishes, without any control or regulation by the government, so long as he
sends his money .outside the province
for his supply.
This clause would, for instance, allow
any person to place a standing order
with any liquor dealer outside the province for a weekly or monthly shipment
of whiskey to be delivered to his dwelling. On such an order the supply of
liquor would reach him constantly as
long as he met his bills. In the face of
Buch conditions the question may well
be asked. "Is this DrohibiHonl"
No Threat to Drunkard.
In the preliminary campaign in con
nection with the bill and at the present
time, prohibitionists have made a grand
stand play, both on the platform and
through their propaganda literature, of
the drunkard and the, frightful evils
which accompany drinking. Tet, in the
bill for which they themselves nre admittedly entirely responsible, they have
done absolutely nothing to lessen the
consumption of liquor in British Columbia, the sole effect of the legislation be*
ing to Bend money spent' for liquor outside the province. Incidentally it muy
be mentioned that the drunkard, who
already has the taste and the habit, is
the man most likely to be the first to
take advantage of the privilege to buy
outside and, should the net pass, would
thereafter have liquor in quantity in
hia home, whereaB he now takes his
liquor by tho glass. As the small boy
would say, "What's the usot"
Editor B. C. Federationist: At a mass
meeting hold here yesterday, Aug. 27,
tho following resolution was passed,
without a vote being enst ngninst its
"That we, Fernio Local No. 2314,
District 18, United Mine Workers of
America, in mass-meeting assembled, do
not approve of the action of ex-Sccrc
tnry Uphill, in accepting the nomination ns Conservative candidate for Fer
nie riding in the forthcoming B C. pro
vincial elections."
It was considered necessary to pnss
tho above resolution, and to give it ns
much publicity as possible, owing to
tho fact that a certnin section of the
press had stated, or implied, that the
miners of Fernie wore supporting the
candid attire of Mr. Uphill, Copies nf
tho .above havo been sont to several
other papers.
On behalf of the local,
Fernie, B. C, Aug. 28, 1916.
The chief occupation of tho members
of the business world seems to bo trying
to do each other up. This onliHts but
little interest among the working peopli
for thoy aro done up to start with, and
that condition is chronic.
Taste of
in addition to its strength,
purity, color and aroma,
has won for it entrance
into home after home until
is premier coffee—voted so
by all its usors. You, too,
will feel tho Bnmo way once
you use it. Order Nabob
and have it tonight for
'      . WHOLESALE
0. B. Mumm A do,, Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whiiky
Old Smuggler Whiiky
Whyte & Maokay, Whisky
William Teacher a Sou, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Bock, Lithia Water
Dog'i Bead, Ban and Guinness
Oarnegiee Swedish Porter
. Lemp'i Beer s~
0. Preller ft Oo.'s Olarets, Banternes and Bnrgan-
dies, eto., eto.
supply yon with pure, fresh Milk—Oars is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every modem facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilized ,before being used. The
milk comes from the Fraser Biver Valley.
Uuion Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 90S Twenty-fourth Avenne East.  Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
Milk Fresh from the Ranch to the Consumer
* H. McNAIB, Prop.
Parity and Cleanliness Guaranteed     Delivered in sterilized bottles daily
Named Shoes we frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bny Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and ronduble impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the  Union  Stamp  are
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Streot, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Seo.-Trcas.
Goo.l for one ycer'a subscription to Tha fi.
iA CTTT* /"* A T> 1"\ r****** FfldorftUon.it will bs milled to .ny td*
lUoUO, UAK-US?*^"-'1'--0*"-^---*" *'•'•• ■(a5°l* '"?*'"•
outalde of Vancouver city.)    Order ten today.   Remit when aold.
Don't Be
Hot-Weather Martyrs
Adopt Electric
these hot days
Electric toasters, grill stoves, coffee percolators and water heaters do their work as
efficiently and economically as the electric
iron does.
Other Electrical Devices:
Suction cleaners. Washing machines
Sewing machine motors        Electric Fans
Carrall and Hastings      1138 Granville St PAGE POUR
FBIDAY... .; September 1, 181
Suits for Young Men
Who Demand Style and Fit, Combined with Service and Good
There are some men who don't care what a suit
looks like when it's on, providing it meets their
fancy when it's on the display rack. There are
others who not only want a suit that looks well,
but are particular aB to its fitting and service-
giving qualities, so they come to this store,
where they get satisfaction. Today we aak you
to view the season's latest modelB, combining
the quality that prevailed before the war, together with the season's desired fashion touches
—the soft roll lapel—form-fitting jacket—patch
pockets, etc. Through the grouping of orders
for our large chain of stores we have been able
to buy these suits at prices equally as low as
before the war, and offer you a range of fabrics
to choose from that Fashion has decreed favorite
for Fall wear. Every suit well-tailored and finished, with the trousers cut as young men want
them, and a perfect fit guaranteed. Prices positively the lowest in British Columbia for equal
fety!!  *1S  »
$15 ~ $22.50
\__.t   ^J    ... ______   ltt*      atmtntI saaassaa. ttaatt a_n_Mt_u_ I
Granville and Georgia Streets
Provincial Election
Socialist Party
of Canada
List of Candidates
Comox W. A. Pritchard
Fernie J. A. Macdonald
Vancouver J. D. Harrington
Ymir A. Goodwin
Above are the only candidates representing the
revolutionary working class party.
They decline to defend the charge Hint
of crime.
' iionzc'
Are you in favor of bringing
the   "British
Columbia Prohibition Act
into force?
Don't be Confused
by the Whiskey
The British Columbia Prohibition Act DOES prohibit That is why the Liquor Interests have opened
their "boodle" barrel in an attempt to defeat it.
Tho Liquor Interests are entering the last two weeks of their
fight against Prohibition. Up to the present they have waged
a malicious and unscrupulous flght to deceive and confuse the
people of British Columbia concerning the effectiveness of the
British Columbia Prohibition Act. They have gone so far as to
insult the intelligence of British Columbia voters by suggesting
that they—the Whiskey Combine—are in favor of Total Prohibition; but that the British Columbia Prohibition Act does
not prohibit.
All who investigate the British Columbia Prohibition Act
know that this is merely tho last wall of thc Whiskey Combine
—a ruse to avoid the real issues of thc campaign.
The Whiskey Combine Make No Attempt to
Defend Their Traffic.
is the chief weapon
They refuse to defend the charge thnt they are attempting to snve the
milium und dive.
If the snlnon is n good thing for British Columbin, why do not the
Liquor Interests sny so?
Thero is no untie defence for the snloon nnd dive, nnd the Whiskey
Combine mnke no dofenec. They hnve opened the "boodle" barrel in a
wild endeavor to confuse the electors as to thc merits of tho bill.
The British Columbin Prohibition Act is the best Prohibition Act in
Canada. It is better than either the Alberta or Manitoba Acts, whicli
hnve been declared the boat legislation ever enacted in those Provinces.
The Combine knows the only chance they have to
defeat the British Columbia Prohibition Act is to
maliciously attack the bill—to deceive and confuse
the people.
Criticizes Old Parties For
Lack of Progressive
Outlines Principles and Programme Which He
WE. TBOTTEB, Independent-La
• bor candidate in Vancouver City
electoral riding, desedved a much better
attendance than he received at Mb campaign-opening mass-meeting in Labor
Temple on Tuesday evening. Mr. Trotter said that the political situation in
the province at present was unique, and
it would be hard to tell what the public
would do, but he personally believed
the people of both the city and the province were heartily sick both of politics
nnd politicians. He reulized today that
the worker had no place in the present
political scheme, Bave as a pawn in the
game, and that the powers had driven
the worker from the provinoe. He felt
that a large proportion of both Liberals
and Conservatives had broken away
and divorced themselves from their parties and he believed these electors would
vote for an independent candidate who
came out clean and told them just what
he stood for. The speaker facetiously
referred to the two old parties as the
"too" old parties altogether.
What He Stands For.
Touching on the question of property
qualifications for candidates for parliamentary honors, thc speaker said ho
was opposed to the system nnd advocated the producing by the would-be member of 250 signatures of bona tide electors to a petitioji calling for his candidature, which he claimed would be a
far better method of keeping out unsuitable candidates. Mr, Trotter was in
favor of woman's suffrage, stating that
he had been for yenrs in the same mind,
and believed it would be an assured
fact that after Sept. 14, bat he expressed the hope that after obtaining the
franchise the women would not do as
the men had done, divide themselves
into Conservative and Liberal women's
associations, but would retain their independence, whereby they could do
more good for all.
He was in favor of proportional representation, whereby the minority
would also have a voice in tbe questions
put to the public, and further advocated
the public ownership of everything used
for any by the public.
He was in favor of the B. C. Prohibition Act.
The candidate expressed himself as
being in favor of the labor bureau system, but advocated their establishment
in the cities under the municipal government, as by that means the heads of
the department would be accessible at
all times.
A six-day week for workers was also
put forward as a plank in the speaker's
platform, he explaining that this was
not a Sabbatarian view, but in order,
that the workers might have one-'
seventh of their time free.
In indicting the present government,
for its methods, the speaker commented j
on the short memories of the public if j
they forgot the circumstances of the
Vancouver Island trouble of some yenrs
ago, and spoke of the Workmen's Compensation Act which was being offered
to the workerB as a deathbed repent-
Asiutie exclusion was also strongly
advocated by Mr. Trotter, who said he
favored a strict investigation as to how
many Asiatics were in the city and province and what they were doing.
On the subject of the Returned Soldiers' Act, the speaker said he was in
favor of offering the soldiers n further
five-year enlistment on agricultural
work, the scheme to be worked out on
a purely military system, and those who
fancied the life to be given ullotments
of land at the expiration of the five
years' service.
In conclusion he askod that the public give him both thoir votes and financial support, as he was not subsidized
by any one and needed funds to carry
out his campaign. A list of subscriptions and disbursements would be furnished every one who gave to the campaign fund.
Mrs. J. 0. Perry, W. H. Savage, Pr.
Lyle Telford and T. J. Shenton also ad-
dressed the meeting, the chair for the
evening being taken by H. C. Benson.
Bakersfleld Labor Temple.
Editor B. C. Federntionist: You nre
earnestly requested to be present at the
laying of tbo corner stone of the Lnbor
Temple, nt Bnkersfield, Cal., Lnbor Bay,
September 4, BUG.
Built for Wear, Style and
Made in
MOTE-TH. .p.c. la paid lot from a fund inada up of volant.™ ectni™....      .
Ud woman wh. bill.,. In th. rtnUMM. of th. d.,r.dta, Cm™«o " " °"U
are the logical footwear for
school days.
The WEAR in a Leckie
Boys' or Girls' Boot is the
feature which will appeal to
fond parents.
And thc stylo nnd comfort nre ndded
fcnturcB which will uppenl to the young
folks.   Ask for them ftt your denier'u
and  look  for the  nnmo "LKCKIE
stamped on every pnlr.
inTwenty Different Styles at 85c
IT IS only reasonable to
assume that most needs
can be attended to in
this interesting assortment. We believe that
there is about every good
style represented. The
values, of course, are superior—it was on account
of their merit that we selected such a large number of styles.
K you need Brassieres
now or if you can anticipate future needs you will
do well to supply them at
this time. You will find
both the front and back
fastening styles represented.
Special, 85c each
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
The Chattel Slave Becomes
a Serf, the Serf a
Wage Slave
A Work of Joy and Beauty
to Be Conquered By
Hosts of Labor
[By Edmund B. Brumbaugh]
ALL MATERIAL things have an end.
It was so with chattel slavery.
Though deeply intren'ched, it could not
laBt forever. Conquest came to a close
because there were "no other worlds to
conquer." Bome at last ruled that part
of the world sufficiently "civilized" to
carry on conquest or be worth conquering. Comparative peace, but the peace
of complete subjection, prevailed. Tho
end of conquest meant the end of making captives and hence a stoppage of
thc supply of slaveB. Slaves still were
needed; they had to be secured from another source. Thc only possible remain
ing source was propagation. Slaves had
to be raised instead of captured. Hence
a home for the slave wns necessary.
Tho raising of slaves required some degree of family home life.
But Not for Love.        ^
The lot of thc slave was improved.
He belonged to no man, in the old sense.
He was given land and tho produce
from it, but he eould not leave the land,
nnd he was compelled to work a stated
part of the time on his master's land.
The lot of the slave wns improved, but
not out of love for the slave. Boing
given a home made him more contented.
It caused him to become interested in
his work. Ho rebelled less nnd produced
The worker was still a slave, bnt ho
wns not culled a slave, nor his master a
master. He became a serf and bis master a lord. Slnvery was no longer slavery; it wns serfdom, or feudalism.
Delight in Subjection.
The transition from slnvery to feudalism was in the line of progress, but
in no particular was it mnde by tho
workers. In tho first placo, no one can
tell just when the transition occurred.
W tho workors had made the change,
they would have made such a stir at the
same time thnt mnny more pages of history would hnve been given to it thnn
is actually given; much more history
would have been made thnn wus mnde.
However the workers wero helpless. Centuries of slavery had made moBt of them
ignorant and degraded. Few of them
eared for freedom. The majority took
n sort of delight in subjection. They
believed the long toil and little reward
of the masses to be divinely ordained
and that to rebel against man was to
sin against Ood,
Castles and Hovels.
Kings, warriors and robber bnrons
rioted in blood and treasure, while tho
rest of tho population worked and
fought their lives away. Castles dotted
the land, and about them were grouped
the hovels of the serfs.   The lords pro-
The Workers' Opportunity
to Slam the "Too
Old" Parties
Mr. Wilton Stands Squarely
Upon Labor Programme
and Policy
The Labor campaign is going well in
the South Vancouver-Burnaby riding.
There is a great forco of workers who
are doing their little bit to the end that
"Labor shall be represented" at Victoria. It would be absurd to infer that
the old-purty-tied worker is not here
and there met with—the stick-in-the-
mud, do-as-the-bosB-Bays individual, the
fellow who admits that the only people
who can govern are the employers—but
men of this type of worker is rubbing
hiB eyes, and maybe he'll be awake by
election day. The workers of this riding can easily elect the Labor candidate. The opportunity is theirs. Eighty
per cent of the voters are workingmen,
and if they elect a parson or a lawyer
to represent them in preference to one
of their own men, they certainly deserve what they get. The two parties
are so alike—the Liberals and Conservatives—both have the same earmarks
—they ore of the same family—both of
the pariah breed, and to change one for
the other is a case of (to use a very
homely phrase) "the bear went over
the mountain."
Candidate Is Busy.
J. E. Wilton is working hard to convince the electors of his fitness for the
hoase. HiB remedy for the Asiatic evil
is the only common sense one so far put
forth. He believes a minimum wage
will effectively minimize the influx of
Orientnls to this province, and the
stamping of all goods manufactured by
Oriontals—so that the purchaser may
know he iB buying nn Asiatic product.
HiB land settlement scheme is the best
put forth, nnd if carried out^ns he advocates it, will aid prosperity in this
provinco. His common sense attitudo
on the prohibition question, oasily
ranks as the most masterful yet displayed by any candidate. His consistency in the Lnbor cause leaves no
shadow of doubt as to his atit-.ide upon
all questions affecting the wage-earners,
when at Victoria. In short, there is no
renson—there can be no excuse—for tho
worker who does not cast his ballot for
Wilton on the 14th. He can easily bc
elected—be deserves to be elected, nnd
his election means a new era for the
workers of British Columbia. Every
working man—work for Wilton—vote
for Wilton—elect Wilton. You owe it
to yourself. F. W. W.
Bev. J. L. Campbell Will Discuss Labor
Questions on Sunday Evening.
Bev. J. L. Campbell will observe
Labor Sunday on the ovening of Sept.
!ty prior to Labor Day, by taking for his
subject "A Sermon to Laboring Men."
The service will tako place in the First
Baptist church, corner of Burrard and
Nelson streets, at 7.30 o'clock.
It' is recorded that a certain Mr.
Noah at one time held n transportation
monopoly several thousand yeara ago,
which goes to show that monopoly iB
not of recent invention.
fessed to defend the serfs through tho
military power under their control, although it was the serfs themselves who
provided that power. The' serfs, as a
whole, were not rebellious. The class
struggle almost came to an end for a
time. Occasionally the serfs did rebel,
but the rebellions were always crushed
and always in a cruel and barbarous
Slavery gave way to serfdom because
the interests of the masters could bo
better served thereby. Serfdom gave
wny to wage slavery, or capitalism, for
the same reason.
Pigmy Minds and Small Souls.
The pigmy mind delights in marking
out a narrow path for all to tread. The
little soul tnkes joy in declnring: "This
Ib the way; there is no other." Pigmy
minds and little souls are fit offspring
of the present order, but such cannot
build a better one.
Lnbor is strong, but its strength lies
latent. Every possible method must bc
called into play to assist in the awakening. The Republic of Labor will come
to pasB when Labor is capable of ruling.
It will not be so capable so long ns it
sleeps, so long as it allows itself to be
played with nnd driven, so long as it
stays in the mire of ignorance nnd pre
When Labor Becomes Wise.
"Labor Omnia Vineit"—Labor Conquers All—but not until it develops n
backbone nnd a brain. Labor is honorn-
ble—when it honors itself. Labor is
wise—that is, in the measure in which
it thinks for itself and acts accordingly.
To disturb the slumber of Labor is a
sacred duty. To keop quiet is a crime.
T|ie social agitator tells of a race to bo
"born ngnin" in n very real sense.
The conservative, the apostle of things
as they are, would socially damn all the
children of men. Betweon theBe two
thc choice is to be made.
A world full of wealth and joy and
beauty await the awakening.
Refined Service
One Block weit of Court House.
Uie of Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors free  to all
Telephone Seymour 2426
EMBALMERS *   "   "
. «l?'U.c<mvSrr-<J.fl,ce   oat   Cha»el,
1084 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. 34SS.
 North   Vancouver — Offloe  and
Chapel, m_Blxth St. Weet, Phone
Stanfield's Winter Underwear Is Here for Men
Going Away
Men going to the prairies or anywhere else where they are
apt to want warm underwear will be glad to know that we have
our entire Winter stock just in and that they can take their
favorite brand away with them.
Yes; we have your kind—"Blue Label," "Black Label,"
"Bed Label," and the smoother kinds.
We are right on the price, because we buy more Stanfield's
than any store in Vancouver, consequently our values must be
right. —Main Floor, East Wing.
David Spencer Limited
Milk Users!
'    DAIRY?
Our delivery system covers all territory
south of False Creek, west of Bridge, to
to the Frater River.
Fairmont 2624 Fairmont 2624
The new Pnntngea theatre is to bo an
all-union job. Such was the joyful message conveyed to Tho FederationiBt by
Business Agent Nagle of Vancouver
Building Trades council this morning,
at the close of an informal mooting of
Lnbor Temple business agents. Building trades officials have been working
diligently for the past threo weeks to
bring about thiB res-.ilt. It will mean a
groat boon to the latest efforts of the
building trades unionists to pull them-
solves together, nnd will go fnr towards
increasing the popularity of the Pan-
tnges circuit in this city.
Ask for
Soft Drinks
Phone Seymour 181
Phone High. 21
Factory 801 Powell
Delivered to any put of the dty.
Furniture and Pianos
Moved or Stored
It reasonable ratea.
Phones Seymour ,405, 605.   Night
and Sunday calls, Sey. 3589.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(McNeill. Welch & Wilson, Ltd.)
80 Fender St, W., Vancourer, B.O.
Vote Against
Because It Is
Class Legislation
It provides for the rich man getting all the liquor
he wants by sending his money out of the provinoe
and importing it,
The workingman or man of moderate means is denied the right to buy his glass of beer or to obtain
beer by the bottle except at a price which is practically prohibitive prices.
It provides for the man who has a home of his own
having all the liquor he wants.
The workingman, who must, in many cases, either
board or lodge with others—or who may be obliged
to keep boarders or lodgers or live over a store, is
not allowed to have liquor in his possession or keep
it in his house.
Read The Act
Vote "NO"


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