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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 13, 1916

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Labor Premier Is Brazenly
Pushing His Scheme of
New South Wales Takes a
1 ■ Hand in Safeguarding
School Children
[By W. Francis Ahem]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Sept. 23.—(Special to The Federationist,)—At the
moment of writing the Labor party
members of the National parliament are
Bitting behind closed doors in secret session, deciding the great question of
forcing conscription upon the Australian people. It seems tnat Hughes, the
Labor prime minister, is not going to
honor his "scrap of paper" after all,
that scrap of paper which he gave the
Australian people in July, 1915, when
he said: "lu ao circumstances would I
agree to send'men out of Australia to
fight ngainst their will." As the cabinet and the full Labor party membership has now been ia session for more
than thirteen houra and no decision haB
yet been reached, it would look aB
though the premier is meeting with some
vigorous opposition amongst his own
party colleagues.
Prepared foi tbe Worst.
Labor iu the commonwealth of Australia iB now prepared for the worst,
whatever that muy bo. The turn of
events for tho past week haa clearly
shown that the conscription issue is
to be forced by the premier, if possible.
Last week he was in Sydney, where he
delivered some speeches of muo hsigni*
ficance to those of all shades of political opinion. Sydney ia the particular*
electorate of the premier, and it was but
right if ho had anything to say that he
should come there to say it. Of especial
significance wob his address to trades
unionists. Many who heard it felt sure
that the actual time for conscription
was close at hand. He said :"Tho time
has now come for you to pay for tho
privileges you enjoy. Labor must not
expect to be excepted from the fiery
trial through which all must pass.
I want yoa to look at this crisis and re
member that you cannot avoid your responsibility. ThiB is not the timo to
haggle, for ull institutions and traditions are in the melting pot. What is
the good of prating about international
ism now? < I look to you io support
mo." But theso words it appears that
internationalism, insofar us this Labor
premier ia concerned, nus collapsed like
a houao of cards. There Ib littlo solace
to be found in the reflection that he has
merely followed in tho weak, and perhaps vain footsteps of mnny another in
the various warring countries, who have
been lifted to positions of powor and
trust by the workers, only to desert and
turn traitor to tho cause at tho ilrst
blast from tho "ram's horn" of nationalism and ruling class patriotism.
wui stm rigm.
Australian Labor haB put up a persistent and grand fight against militarism
so for, and thia fight will not bo given
up. Thero will still bo a vigorous struggle against conscription beforo the
scheme ia put through to u successful
conclusion. If wo aro to eventunlly
Buccumb to the shackles of militarism,
we will not go down without a fight
that the military schemers will remember. When I consider tho huge organisations throughout Australia that hnvo
thundered forth "no conscription," I
feel sure, como what may, that Australian Labor will still have a voice and
will still use it with deadly effect. If
we oro to have conscription wo will demand that it apply to all alike—to tho
' capitalist us well as to the humble toiler. Wo will demand tho conscription of
industrial production, and thnt for the
period of tho war aft wealth will be
. made national. We shall demand the
barrel system of France, in which tho
1 names of every fit man shnll bo placed,
regardless of social, political or professional position. Wo Bhall demand the
standardizing of all pay—equal pay for
every man, with ofllce as a mattor of
honor only. We will demand that evory
man at home will receive the samo pay
as overy man nt thc battle front, and
that evory woman, from the wifo of tho
governor-general downward to the lost
dependent of the last conscript will get
tho samo allowance,
A Compromise Reached.
A mesBugo comes to mo ovor tho telephone at thia momont thnt although tho
meoting of tho Australian Labor party
in Melbourne is not yet over, it ia freely
rumored that n compromise has beon arrived at. It seems tfmt tho unionist
memberB who aro dear set against conscription havo won tho fight in tho caucus room, and tho Imperialistic party
haB been beaton. Tho compromise arrived at is that all slnglo mon of military ago will bo called up for training,
undor tho provisions of the Defence Act,,
instituted by Labor some years ago, |
' Theso men will go into camp for four
months. [It sinco transpires that the
mattor of conscription is to bo Bubmit-
ted to a referendum, the necessary steps
thereto having boen taken by tho federal government.—Editor Fcdorntion-
Something Else In the Wind.
It is also rumorod that another seri
oub mattor aa regards the international
outlook has now cropped up, and that
,the men of Australia muat be prepared
Jo face another situation after tho war
i Is over. What that is, I am not permitted to say, having beon sworn to bc-
orecy before the information was given
Jie. It ia, howover, a matter that has
been given a groat dpal of attention by
the Americnn press of Into. In a later
despatch I shall hnvo something to say
concerning the Defence Act of Australia and what is possiblo under it, and to
its relation to the men now about to bo
called np,
Giving the Doctors a Jolt.
L* '?0t I2iniBter for education In the
.state Labor government of New South
Wales haB   stated   that  77,000 school
gsgftAj, papeb: Vancouver trades and laboh council, and b. c. federation of labor
f_Vycqp^!B, b,X fridayToctober 13, i9i6:
Begging and Blackmailing Schemes Spring Up Like Mushrooms—A Disgrace to Both Dominion and Empire-
Safe Nesting Place for Meddlesome Busybodies
and Nose-Pokers—Sidestepping Obligations
PERHAPS NO MORE SCATHING condemnation of the present
system of property and civilization can be found than is embodied
in the fact that the vulgar and degrading institution of charity
becomes one of the chief bulwarks whereby the system is maintained.
Nothing can be more vulgar, mean and vile than to be compelled to
become the recipient of charity, in order to hang on to the thread of
life. It is, and it must be, repulsive to every human being possessed
of even the rudiments of healthy manhood. That it is utterly repulsive to every normal human being is proven by the well-known antipathy of the average person to the acceptance of it. It is well-known
that the poorest of the poor will suffer the very extreme of poverty
before disking for assistance and accepting charity. That the institution of charity affords a nesting place for a choice assortment of conscienceless busy-bodies and pious nose-pokers, is a matter of common
knowledge. This contemptible institution affords an excellent field
for the exercise of their peculiar brand of impudence and vulgar propensities. And that they carry their impudence and vulgarity to the
very limit ftf indecency and coarse display, goes without saying. It
is a matter of course. That which feeds upon vulgarity will bring
forth vulgarity. >
Fungi Along the Path of War.
There has sprung up along with this
war an innumerable crop of charity
mushrooms, that are vitiating the social
ntmosphero with their noxious and poisonous exhalations. There is no legitimate reason for the existence of any
charity schemes in aid of the soldiers
who are fighting the battles of the greatest Empire upon which the sun ever
shone. Surely that great and wealthy
Empire is amply capable of caring for
ita servants, without resorting to street
beggary and schemes of cadging. Its
greatness oan be measured iu no other
way. In other worda, if it cannot provide for itself, it haa no further warrant
for existence. If it can only continue
its existence by virtue of the charity of
individuals, it is reduced to the level of
a pauper inmate of a poorhouae. The
Federationist does not believe that the
British Empire has yet been reduced to
such ignominious straits, i We do not
believe there is any danger of that Empire over being bo reduced. But wo do
know that a multitude of begging and
cadging schemes have boen worked, and
nre still being worked, for the profeBBed
purpose of aiding tho Empire to provide
for those who aro lighting ita battles,
and for those who aro dependent upon
them. Every few1 days the streets of
our cities aro lined with beggars soliciting the passers-by for coin in aid of
this, thot nnd the other thing. The inference to be drawn iB thnt the Empire
is in financial straits. Tho Empire is
compelled to beg for pennies upon the
atreet, just like the ordinary garden
variety of street beggar. What other
conclusion can be drawn? We do not
believo thore ia any justifiable warrant
for such begging. We believo the Empire to bo still solvent, and therefore
capable of financing ita war venture to
a successful conclusion, without resorting to any such despicable practice as
that of beggary.
"Patriotic Fund" Threats.
Among tho choice assortment of delectable schemes worked for the alleged
purpose of aiding tho Empire in its
struggle with tho Teutons, thero is ono
known ns tho "patriotic fund." This
tho ono tho sponsors of which havo
threatened, through tho instrumentality
of Sir Charles Hibbort Tupper, to publish tho nnmea of all who have not availed themsolvoB of the proud privilege of
contributing to tbis precious "fund."
Not only aro these worthies aiding tho
Empire by begging and cadging, but iu
their zeal aro about to add to their
revenue by blackmail. Tupper's threat,
as published in the daily papers this
week, could be construed as -nothing
else but blackmail, Ib Canada, and the
Empiro bo lost to all the ethics of decency as to allow these vicious practices
to obtain for tho professed purpose of
war aid, whilo throwing tho individual
into jail who would hove the temerity to
indulge in such practices upon his own
A Reward of Patriotism.
Every delegate of every union in
Vancouver should be present at next
meeting of Vancouver Trades and
Labor council, Thursday, Oct. 19. Several questions of public interest will be
up for consideration. President McVety will Bubmit his report as the council's delegate to the Toronto convention
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada. Visitors are welcome at all
meetings, as well us the representatives
of tho press.
Two Representatives Busy Building Up
the Two Vancouver Locals.
The two locals of the Carpenters'
union, Locals Nos. 617 and 2647, 'are
busy those days making new members.
The two representatives report that at
each meeting for tho laBt month'the
special feature of the meetinga hae been
the initiations, something ovor thirty
members having been admitted at the
last four meetings. The dispensation
from the general office for tho reduction
of tho entrance fee expenses at the end
of the present month, and from the 1st
of November old rate, viz., $5, will prevail.
The district counciLhas boen reorganized with Geo. Hardy as chairman, and
H. Page secretary-treasurer.
Tho district council Carpentors' cord
will be in force from the next meoting
of tho different locals, and it is pleasing
to note that the carpenters seem determined to bring back tho old daya, bo
far as their organization is concerned,    j
Tho different locals moot aa follows: I
Local 617, each Friday and Local 2647
every Tuesday, until further notice.
The Labor movement is
the constructive force in
■' the industrial world which
brings system, organization and opportunity for
progress into industrial
relations between employers and employees. It is
the democratic medium by
which the toilers can work
out their problems, remedy wrongs and secure for
themselves ever increasing
opportunity for better living.—Sanufcl 'Gompers.
Secretary-Treasurer Wells Discusses Federation Activities and Meets Many Objections Raised By Non-
Affiliated Unions—Provincial Organization Can
Most Effectively Handle Provincial Issues
In Case of Failure Unions
Will  Boycott  the
< Jitney Lines
Auto Drivers Working Long
Hours on Interurban
Lines and Routes
A little further light ia thrown upon
children woro medically examined dur
ing 1915, excluding those examined by
travelling clinics and hospital.   Of this
number,   45,000   were   found  suffering
from physical defects requiring treatment, whilo 26,000 had received none
mont, while 20,000 ha dreceived none
whatever.    Of 4400 children suffering
from affected eyesight, 3000 had received no treatment, whilo out of 2500 suffering from ear defects, 1850 failed to
get treatment and 7000 suffering from
iioso nnd throat ailments, out of 0600 so
affectod, did uot receive any aid whatsoever.   In viow of this tho miniator decided  to  send   govornment   apecialistaj
through tho country to trout* children in
tho schoola and at thoir homes.   When
tho govornmont advertised for specialists for thia work aomo time ago, the
British Medical association instructed
its members not to tako up tho posi
tions, saying that if they did they would
destroy their own chances of getting
high fees out of the people.   Tho membera know if they disobeyed tho man-
dnto   of   the   nssocition   (their   trade
union),  they would  bo ostracized, so
thoy refrained from so doing.   Tho government is now about to amend   the
Medical Practitioners' Act, making it
an offence for a doctor to refuse to do
tho work of tho educational department
nt tho fees it will set down.   And doctor refusing will be struck- from the
roll and not allowed to practice in the
state. Any other doctor boycotting a doctor for taking up this work would also
against tho governmont ovor this mat-
bo dealt with.   As can woll bo imagined
tho doctors, who havo hitherto considered thoi fleecing of the pooplo as their
especial   privilege,
the workings of this "patriotic fund
scheme by tho following verbatim copy
of tho communications being sent out by
the "fund" manipulators to tho wives
and othor dependents of tho men who
havo gone to the front.
"Dear Madam: I have been instructed by tho executive committee
to request that you will call at room
301, Vancouver block, 736 Granville
street, on Tueaday next, Oct. 11, 1016,
between the houra of 9 and 11 a.m.,
in order that we may obtain a fresh
record of your application for assistance from this fund. Whon calling,
do not fail to bring your marriage
certificate, also the birth certificate of
your children, if you have children.
"It ia important that yoa call on
tho date and at the time above specified, aa until we have a fresh record
of your application no further assistance can bo granted from this fund,
therefore it will bo to your own interest to comply with thia request.
"Yours truly,
(Signed)   "C.H.BONNER,
"Executivo socretary."
"P. 8.—Bring this communication
with you."
It does not require particular keenness of vision to discover the intent and
purposo lying behind tho above communication. The line Italian hand of
tho professional charity-monger was
nover moro plainly* disclosed. If any
flaw can bo found in the charity applicant's title, tho charity allowance will
bo cut off. It makes no difference in
this caso, although tho husband and
father aro Becking onrolmont upon tho
'' roll of honor,'' if certain requirements
cannot bo met, or certain bourgeois conventions have not been strictly complied
with, sustenance for tho soldier's dependents is to bo immediately cut off. That
is tho threat openly carried in tho above
document. In tho eyes of tho professional charity skate it ia far bettor to
conaorvo tho funds gathered through
beggary and blackmail, for the very,
laudable purpose of satisfying tho needs J
of charity pirates themselves, than to
allow an extra ponny to fall into tho
hands of somo perhaps sinful though
needy person. It may porchnnco occur
that some soldior's wife, and tho mother
of his children, may bo unable to bring
documentary ovidenco that some sky-
pilot presided at their union, and gave
thom permission to comply with tho
divine command to "multiply and replenish tho enrth." In such case tho
wifo ond mother, and her offspring shall
not eat, at least out of the "patriotic
fund." Tho father will still continue
to bo good enough to fight for tho Empiro ond dio for it, but thoso ho loves
and whoso care ho was foolish enough
attempt tp organize drivers of jitneys and interurban. motor trucks, and
in tho event of failure, a boycott of
these lines of transportation by organized labor, was projected at the fortnightly meeting of the Trades and
Labor council here last evening. A resolution was passed .instructing tho organization committee to proceed to organize a union whioh will, aa laid down
in the A. F. of L. regulations, comprise
teamsters and chauffeurs, the latter to
include net only drjvora of private an-
tomobiUfc brt. jittipy bus drivers and
operators of freight autos.
In the meantime,.' the council will re-
I commend union labor to patronize transportation lines the employees of which
■4ire organized a,ijtlvwork under conditions satisfactory to organized labor.
The, individual .['delegates will, also
take the,,matter back to their respective
nniona.     . "V
.Pel. Knudsen, for the cigarmakers,
said he felt .confident that his union
would be prepared to imposo a flne on
any'member pntfonizffiftg tho " unorganized job'' should it be found thnt the jit
ney men will not organize.
President Stonoy, representing the
Typos, spoke on the aame lines.
Delegate Dodd predicted failure in
tho attempt to organize jitney drivers,
because so many of them drivo their
own cara.
Delegate Yatoa Baid that tho B. C. E.
R. is employing fivo freight crews fewer
than beforo the interurban autos wont
into tho business, nnd that tho drivers
of those autos arc working anywhere
from 12 to 20 hours a day in competition with the crews on the way freight
trains of tho B. C. E. R., who hnvo n
nine-hour day, j
Tho resolution will also coll on thc I
Trades and Labor councils of Vancouver and Victoria to tako similar action
(By A. S. Wells]
(Secretary-treasurer B. C. Federation bf Labor)
N THE LAST ISSUE of The Federationist, I dealt with the lack of
definite ideas on the part of the workers aB to the need for political
action along class lines, and pointed to the B. O. Federation of
Labor as being the only organization in sight'at the present time that
was likely to receive the support of the working class in this province.
Not that it is my intention to place the Federation as a substitute for
a political movement, rather as the best possible means towards the
aims of the industrial movement of the province. It would be folly
for the workers of this province to build up a political movement
based as is the Labor party in the Old Land, with its financial support largely contributed by men that have little or no faith in that
party. A political movement that cannot secure the workers' support without the aid of the tradea unions, as trades unions can be of
very little service, and proves that it lacks in some essentials, it
should, and will if a real political party representing the working
class interests, stand without any false props, and without levies on
the part of the trades unions, receive such financial support as is
necessary to carry out its work. But the workers have not yet arrived at the point where they, can get together to form such a political
party on class lines. Any political party, based other than on class
lines, cannot in the opinion of the writer, attempt to represent the
working class.
Other Partlea There Are.
Org. C. 0. Young of the A.
F. of L. Comments on
the Same
Idaho Unionists Win Have a
Similar Enactment
By the above statement it is not my
intention to say that thero is no political party at this time based upon class
lines, but rather to show that that party
has not yet succeeded in obtaining, the
support of the majority of the workers
of the province, nor even a tangible
minority of them.
Functions of B. O. F. of L.
The functions of the Federation are
legislative and educational, in other
words, to secure such legislation as will
aid the workers in their struggle for an
existence under exiating conditions, and
as far aB possible, educate the workers
to the necessity for both political and
industrial organization.
Some Objections Raised,
It was advanced a week or so ago to
tho writer, that a provincial executive
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada would fill" the function of a
legislative body in the province.
Let us see how true this is. The
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
annually elects provincial executives in
the provinces, where no Federations exist. There may be delegates from the
particular province, and the executive,
as fnr ns possible, is chosen from such
delegatos or from thoir recommendations.
A vice-president is chosen from these,
who acts aa chairman or genoral supervisor. They present demands' to the
provincial legislatures for legislation,
and Congress conventions aro taken up
to a great extent with matters that
aro purely provincial, and after duo deliberation oro handed over to the provincinl executives for action.
Suggested Tbat Non-union and Union
Shops Get Together.
The employing barbers of Vancouvor
have organized, union and non-union
alike, for the purpose of adjusting
prices of tonsorial work to meet wartime conditions. Inasmuch as such a
line of action necessitates a reciprocal
relationship between the union and nonunion employers, it has been suggested
that all the journeymen barbers become
members of the Journeymen Barbers'
union; they, in turn, to assist in a restoration of the price list. This method
would ensure success and create a better
feoling and understanding all round,
To Be Broadened During Coming Tear
to Include Commercial Offices.
A letter received by The Federationist thia week from Preaident M. G.
Scott of the International Typographical union, reports important progress in
tho matter of securing an arbitration
agreement with tho United Typothetae
and Franklin Clubs of America, which
havo just conoluded a convontion nt Atlantic City. "Tho importance of tho
action taken at Atlantic City," saya
President Scott, "will not bo underestimated by tho officers and members of
our subordinate unions. It is a definite
step in tho right direction. In all probability tho scope of our arbitration system will bo broadened during the coming year to cover cnmmorcinl printing
offices throughout our jurisdiction."
In Aid of Returned Soldiers' Fund.
Capt. W. D. Jones, an old member
of tho Amalgamated Carpenters' union,
ia soiling flowers to-day at tho post of-
fico corner ia aid of tho returned soldiers' fund.
The Lemieux bill has been given a
solar plox.ua by the Trades nnd Labo
Congress of Canada. Compulsory orbi
tration with tho thumbscrews on tin
worker has at last boen recognized by
tho workers and will no longor tolerate
its conditions. Tho Thetford mines was
evidently the last straw. Arbitration is
a good thing, but tho Lemon Act as administered to tho workors, has proved
to bo a ghnBtly fatluro in most instances.
Hence tho action of tho parliament of
Labor.—Winnipeg Voico.
nro   up   in   arms „..
against the govermimont over this mat* to loavo to tho tender mercies of patrio-
tor.   And it is small Wonder thot thoyftic    "funds"    and    such    immident
feel peoved over having their ancient
and Honorable prerogative of taking advantage of the physical 111b of mankind
for tho purpose of extorting fat fees for
their servi,ees, interfered with. But tho
Labor .government of New Sotfth Wales
appears not to be in proper mood to
meekly permit the greed for fat foes to
ntandj in tho way of tho children of thc
less [Well-to-do, revolving such mcdicnl
attention as may be reqarred for their
future welfare, as well as that of th,o
community as a whole.
such impudent
schemes, will not bo good onough to bo
fed, oven by charity. Tho governments
of both tho Dominion and.tho Empire
deserve tho execrations of evory decent
and honorablo person, for not having
long since nipped all of theso begging,
blackmailing charity schemes In tho
bud. Thoy uro each and all, either an
insult to both Dominion or Empire, or
unmistnble evidence that they are as
completely lost to all senao or docency
or shame as are theso charity manipulators themselveB. V
SUNDAY, Oct. 15—
MONDAY, Oct. 16—Boilormnk-
ers; Electrical Workera; Brewery Workers,
TUESDAY, Oct. 17—Amalgamated Carpenters; Bookbinders;
Railway Firemen.
THURSDAY, Oct. 19—Mntatcn-
ance-of-Wnymon; Trades and
Labor Council.
FRIDAY, Oct. 20—Railway Carmen; TJ. B. Carpentera, No. 617;
Granite Cutters; Molders; Civic
SATURDAY, Oct. 21—Bakers.
Provincial in Its Scope.
With Federations of Labor, however,
an entirely different attitude is adopted. Tho nnnual conventions are held,
the workers aro brought together from
different parts of tho province, and
there the questions affecting the work-
era are given the attention of men from
different sections, and the matters are
thoroughly discussed and passed upon
and tho views of representative thought
of tho Labor movement of thc provinco
is tho concrete result.
In the ono caso tho workers of the
provinco know littlo or nothing about
tho demands made in .their name, nnd
thoy never have a chance to discuss
thom until after thoy are mndo, And in
tho other they ilrst discuss tho matters
in detail and thon action ia taken to
present the demands of Labor.
If for no other roason than that the
Federation brings tho membera of organized labor from nil parts of thc province together annually, tho Federation
must bo tho most efficient.
New Conditions; New Tactics.
True, those conventions have, like
Congress conventions, at times appeared
liko resolution factories, but the policy
of tho Federation, adopted at the laat
convention, thnt the concentration on
one or two apceinl matters and all energies directed to tho object of achieving
the ono or two objects, has paved the
way for now tactics, which will oventa-
ally load to better results. The policy
of having vice-presidents in all parts of
the provinco to make reports and to
watch tho moves of capital iB another
atop in the right direction, and if organized and carried out, and with the
support of tho Labor press, should givo
all organized Labor full reports as to j
conditions and happenings in every sec
tion of thc provinco.
Publicity Medium.
Referring to the educational functions
of tho Federation. This has been n factor
in tho past. Will anyone deny that tho
publicity given tho Vancouver island
strike by tho Federation had no educn
tional valuo, and that due to that pub
licity the Bowser government to a great
extent was discredited, and tho class
nature of tho govornment, and tho so
called justice that was meted out? Will
any provincial executive of Congress
bo able to do tho work along these
lines, or as followed out by thc Federation during tho recent agitation for nn
adequate Workmen's Compensation actf
Effective Work of B. O. F. of L.
When tho story of how that picco of
legislation was secured and tho part the
Federation played in it is known, then
it will bo readily seen that without, tho
flnnncial aid rendered to the executive
of tho Federation by per capita pay*
meats, nad tho backing of thc locals affiliated that our requests would not
havo been bo favorably rocolvod.
Tho Federation stood for thoiisnnds of
organized workors, who centralized
their offorts, through tho Federation,
ami by centralizing tho offorts to securo
furthor legislation, and to placo beforo
tho workers of all sections of tho provinco tho things that take placo from
timo to time, by giving publicity to the
activities of tho ruling clnss, and to
thoir encroachments, will bo of great
advantago in tho endeavor to Indld up
our industrial and political movemont.
Federation What We Make It.
Merely That Corporations Own Means
of Wealth Production.
Bread 7 centa a pound.—In the cen-
tro of the wheat fields. Whyf Coal at
$11.25, wood at $9, butter at 40c, why!
whyf whyf is tho incesaant question
the people aro asking. The Lako of the
Woods Milling company reports show
that they earned 15.3 per cont. on common stock and 28.4 per cent, on preferred shares—nice for sKareholdors—but
how about 7-cent breadt Why are the
dividends iiuu-oosing all along tbe line
and wages stnnding still whilo tho purchasing power of the dollar ia vanishing?—Winnipeg Voice.
As an evidence of the widespread interest in British Columbia's new Workmen's Compensation Act, effective Jail.
1, 1917, a letter this week from Mr. O.
0. ("Dad") Young, an old-time organizer of the American Federation of
Labor, at present working in Idaho, it
of particular interest and significance.
Writing to J. H. MoVety from Wallace,
Idaho, Org. Young saya:
Act Appreciated.
"I Ibke this opportunity to thank
you for your prompt reply io my letter
asking you for workmen 'b compensation
data. I surely appreciate your letter in
the way of introduction to the provisions of the act, which your provincial
government has recently passed. And
your discussion of the features of the
law, whioh appeared in The Federationist, and which you clipped for me. and
the published report of the commission
of which you was a member, has been
of inostimable value to me. I only wish
that it would be possible to take the B.
C, Aot as a whole, just eliminating those
provisions peculiar to the B. O. laws,
and substitute in their stead the provisions in compliance with the constitution of tho state of Idaho, and place
your act as that of Idaho.' Of course I
am quite familiar with the Washington ,
and Oregon acts, which you have mentioned in your commission report, and
your individual discussion, and which
your commission made a part of your
act, or somo of the provisions that you
made a part of your act. I feel that
your act as a whole, is superior to any
act I have had access to.
Almost Clean Sweep ln Official Family
at Newark Convention.
Following nro tho new officers chosen
at tho Newark convention, Socrotary
Hnnnhan being tho only ono re-elected:
President, Milton Schnelling, Washington, D. C.j flrst vice-president, J. Hud-
doll; second vice-prosidont, C. Mackenzie, Portland, Ore.; third vice-president,
W. Mountforing, Brooklyn, N. Y."
fourth vice-president, Davo Evans, Cin
cinnnti; fifth vice-president, John Jenk-
ing, St. Louis; secrotnry-troasuror, Jaa.
0. Hannnhan; delegates to A. F. of L.,
Milton Schnelling and James G. Hanna-
hanj dolegates to Building Tradea de-
pnrtment, John G. Owens, Cleveland
and Charles Millor, Pittsburg. Cleveland was chosen as tho city in which
the 1918 convontion will bo hold.
Just Issued by The B. C. Federationist
of Vancouver, B. 0.
"The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery," written and compiled by E. T.
Kingsley and lt. Parm. Pettipiece, Vancouver, B. C, is tho numo of u pamphlet
just off the preaa of Tho B. C. Federationist, tho only Labor paper west of
Winnipeg which has survived tho war
conditions in Canadu. This little booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding tho economic basis
of capitalist society, and the position
occupied by the working class in it. It
elenrs up much that haa long confused,
not only the workera themselves, but
many othors who hnve given thought to
tho vexatious und anomalies of modern
civilization. It ia jnvaluablo to evory
student of social phenomena and especially to every member of the working
class. In lots of less thnn 100 copies,
10 cents por copy, postpaid. In lots of
100 or more, at 5c per copy. Address:
The B. C. Foderatiouiat, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C.
tempt at least to organize provincial!}-
tho organized forces of Labor in tho
province. It can bo made anything th
workers desiro of it, but it can only go
aa fur as tho intelligence of its component parts will allow it. Tho executive
may givo leads, but unless thoy nro acceptable to tho rank and file, thoy cannot placo tho Federation in a position
whore it can bo said that it has taken
now departure Heaven knows wc
need something new, if it is only ideas.
But wo muat first of nil bring the workors together. How, why or when, I care
not, except that it bo soon. Rut if the
Federation ia tho only form of organization to bo able to bo used to bring us
together in tho province, then got behind and push. Make of it what you
will. Action Ib life. Stagnation, death.
And any form of lifo in tho working
class movemont at this timo is very do*
airablo, and much needed to this end.
Tho Federation stands to do nil in its
powor, "which is only limited by the
support that is withheld." To rouso
the working class to activity in tho
provinco and to push forward tho great
movemont. To bring nenror tho ultimate goal and mission of tho working
class: Tho abolition of class ownership
of tho mennB of life.   Wo know thnt
.capital is ngninst ub, but lot it not bo
In othor words, tho Federation is an at* snld that Labor is indifferent.
The Waiting Period.
There are but one or two points in
your act that I cannot quite agree with,
und perhaps that is because I do not
fully understand. The matter of waiting period is not ono of them, for I ant
of tho bolicf that from an administrative point of view, that provision is
helpful, and the loss of compensation
for tho brief period mentioned will be
moro than compensated for by the faet
of a more prompt unencumbered administration.
Ono point in particular that I fool
not computiblo with the best interests
of tho workmen ia in tho 'First Aid'
proviaioiiH, whero tho law permits tho
employer and workmen to mutually
agree upon some other method of first
aid other than that provided directly
by tho act. Whilo 1 agree that tho act
provides for supervision of thoso other
provisions for first aid, it admits of invasion of tho fundamental principles of
rightful and equitable provisions which
ought to bo contained in tho act, as doeB
tho provision that the workmen shall
contribute to uny part of tho funds;
eithor for first aid or otherwise. Howover, theso points that I have mentioned, arc small items as compared to the
things secured in a compromise.
Splendid Accomplishment.
"It would bo ua imposition for me to
attempt to compliment you and the
commission upon your splendid accomplishment in securing the pnssago of an
act in absolute uccordunco with tho
commission'a recommendations. It is a
work well dono.
"I have just finished a perusal of tho
Now York act that John Mitchell kindly sont me with his comments, and whilo
that act is splendid in many features, it
has some very objectionable provisions.
Tho tri-option provisions arc repugnant
to me as providing tho proper method of
insurance. It iB useless for mc to tell
you that, howover, for you mako that
plain in your discussions. That kind of
arrangement may work in Now York,
where thero is a great population, and
the fact that thoso taking under either
of tho other plans rather thnn stato insurance, will not have tho effect of
making tho stato fund a failure on account of its failuro of liberal-patronage.
But tho fnct that it works in New York
doos aot do away with tho fact that
it ia unfundamental, and does not provo
that thoro ahould bo permitted uny
other form of workmen'a compensation
other thnn that provided by state in-
Idaho Next.
Tho thing bothering mo most at tho
present time, is not that we fuil to understand whnt wo want, but in tho ab*
Benco of a commission provided with
funds, wo must securo someone to draw
tho net that is capable to taking cognizance of state laws or constitutional
provisions. Tho Labor boys in this
state havo just had a state organization sinco Mnrch, and are not well
equipped with either money or information, and I nm going to bo put to my
wits ends to get tho act drawn. Thero
nro no attorneys in Boise or other towna
in tho stato, tho Boiso unionists tell mo,
that thoy hnvo any confidence in. But
juat watch our Bmokc; wo will havo tho
law drawn if wo have to call upon law-
vers other than thoso of tho state of
A Correction.
Tho wages of laundry wagon drivers
in Vancouvor aro plenty low enough,
but not quito aa bad as Tho Federationist mndo Secretary V. B. Midgley Bay In
last issue, in tho roport of his address
beforo last mooting of Voncouvor
Trades and Labor council. Tho wago
runs as low aa $13.50 per woek, not
"$3.50," aa erroneously Btated.
During tho pnBt throe years tho attendance upon tho night school at Port-
innd, Oro., has increased from 1817 to
over 6000. Last year thoro were 26
nationalities represented in the schools.
This shews what Portland Is doing to
Americanize foreigners. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY. October 13, lilt
96 Biuebu Is Ouada
A general banking business transacted. Circular litters ef credit.
Bank money orden.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at Highest
current rate
Asset |M,000,000
Dsposiu ee,ooo,ooo
Household Banking
in The Bsnk of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Interest is
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid ap espial.
Reserve (and  ...
Corner Hastings and Gamble StB.
If you are interested
in securing a free 160-
acre homestead along
the new P. G. E. Railway, in the fertile valleys of Northern British
Columbia write for particulars to DRAWER 3,
c|o Federationist, Room
217, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Some ofjOnr Beit Cmtomert
are among the trade unionists ef
Greater Vanoouver. In some
oases, where a customer
we are willing to talk it over.
Come in and look over the biggest
nnd best stock of furniture in
British Colombia.
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
Malleable Banges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN BT. Phone: Fair. 447
Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Preemptions of 100 aeres
to Actual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at loast three years; improvements to the extent of $5 per
acre; bringing nnder cultivation
at least five aeres.
For further information apply to
Published every Friday morning by tbe B. C.
Federationist, limited
R. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office:  Room 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:   $1.50 per year;   in Vancouver
City,  $2.00;   to  unions  subscribing
in a body, $1.00
New Wostminstor W. Yatos, Box 1021
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 531
Victoria A.  S. Wells. Box   1538
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World"
..October 13, 1916
MILITARISM, THAT curse of the
middle ages, the Central European   survival   of   which   has
proven the powder spurk resulting in
tho present terrific world explosion, is
ngnin   coming   into
MILITARISM its own in nil of the
IN THE erstwhile   domucru-
ASCENDENT. tic countries engaged in the great
struggle. In England, the boasted homo
of liberty and democracy, it is already
absolute nad triumphant. All of the
boasted rights and "liberties of the
subject" havo gone a glimmering down
tho turnpike of the lost and forgotten,
and the militnry jackboot is again upon
the necks of a peoplo who had fancied
themselves freed from its curse for all
time to come. The jails of the British
Isles are full of conscientious objectors,
who have availed themselves of their
legal right to abstain from committing
whnt to them is the crime of murder,
the killing of othors at the word of command. Every turn of the screw that
can be devised by the military-mad authorities is being mnde to complete the
triumph of Mars nn dthe offacemont of
Demos. Just what schemes lie behind
this rejuvenation of militarism, and
thnt reach out into the days that shall
follow the war, are not clearly defined,
but he who is at all fnmiliar with the
history of militarism will have no difficulty in making a close guess. The soldier and the slave mnde their appearance upon the stage of history at one
nnd thc same time. Each has been the
counterpart of the othor all down
triumph of Mara and the effacement of
the military tbe more complete and abject is the slavery. If any one desires
a tip aB to what is to bo the conditions
of wage slavery after this glorious war
is over, they need but to ponder these
facts and ponder them well. Then if
they go out and shout for militarism
nnd proparednoss, they should
know what they are doing.
* * *
As will be seen by reading our Australian correspondence, the military
beast is putting forth every effort to
fasten its fangs in the heart of the Aub.
tralian peoplo, a people that is accounted perhaps the most democratic on
earth. That the schemes of the militarists aro being foisted upon the pooplo
by a "Labor premier!" by no means
makes tho dose any moro palatable or
easily swallowed. The workerB themselves aro bittorly opposed to theso conscription schemes, and seem determined
to do whatover may bo necessary to
balk them. There is little doubt that
they will deal with such traitors to
Lnbor as mny use their power and office
for bo base a purpose. As the matter
of conscription is to bo put to a vote of
tho electorate, it may be turned down,
but even then it is a safe bet that the
beast will not quit. It has never yet
been completely scotched in any country
on earth, nor can it be until that slavery of which it is the counterpart, has
beon wiped ont.
* *       *
In Now Zealand a most drastic conscription act has beon fastoned upon the
people. With but four Labor mombors
in tho parliament, it was easy for the
Conservatives to push the matter
through. The enrolments are now being
arraagod, and tho country is to be
combed for food for tho hungry ruling
class cannon of Europe, and presumably
for polico uso evon in New Zealand
should harriod slaves of industry bo unduly hungry nnd obstreperous of conduct. It is little uso mincing matters.
Thoso probabilities stnro us in the face,
and foolish is tho working man who refuses to see thom. Tho governmont of
New Zealand, fearing tho wrnth or" tho
pooplo, has already sot tho elections
bnck for at loast twelvo months. This
offootlvo method of hamstringing democracy is becoming exceedingly popular,
und is not unknown even in this Cannda
of "ours." Tho moment a people submit to tho first encroachment upon their
rights by tho military boast, hotvover,
nil liberty is lost, for that beast never
hns enough until he has it all. Liborty
and militarism ennnot exist Bido by side.
Thoy cannot live nnd breathe the snmo
nir. Tho ono is tho direct nntithesis of
the other.
* ♦ »
There is overy indication that Canada
is not to bo allowed to escape being
sacrificed to tho god of war. About
overy old scamp whoso years will exempt him from sorvlco is loud-mouthed
for the conscription of everybody else
who is fit for cannon food. All tho old
womon of both sexes, and n vast majority of tho young women, are alao zealous advocates of it. And tho pressuro
is steadily increasing to induce the authorities to Bpring the schomo. And tho
authorities will not need much urging,
aa thoso who aro at all familiar with
that breed will readily understand. This
city has Its contingent of conscription
howlers who are getting busy of late.
Amongst other things they are threatening to publish the names of those who
refuse to contribute to the patriotic
fund.   These worthies are apparently
too dull to see that this boosting of
patriotic and other begging scheme
"funds," is only publicly advertising
the impecunioBity of Canadn and the
Empire, We firmly believe that a Dominion, or an Empire, that is solvent
should promptly and peremptorily
squelch all impudent individuals, or
bnnds of such, who brazenly advertise
its impecunious circumstances, by
means of these begging and cadging
schemes. In view of such solvency,
that is the financial ability to meet ils
obligations, these begging or blackmailing schemes are not only a libel upon
the state, but should be classed with all
confidence schemes and other methods
of obtaining money under false pro-
tenses. Any man who is loyal to his
country and has faith in its cause, and
its ability to meet its obligations, cor-
What could the employers elsewhere
gain by their coming? What could employment agencies get out of shipping
thom? The answer is plain. There is
a serious leak in the labor philosophy of
the astute Mr. Gompers.
* * #
Thc negro of the south was one time
held as chattel property, and the pnper
titles to his body, nnd soul if he had
any, wero duly recorded in the tax lists
and other public records. His removal
to other localities and into other hands,
without recompense to his owner would
be such a glaring alienation of property that he who would attempt it
would land in jail. But all that his
owner would Iobc would bo the labor
powor of the slave, for which he had
paid in advance, to the slave's previous
owner, or for the expense of raising the
tainly would not stoop so low ns to. slave up to a productive age.   Now the
negro, having been freed by the civil
wnr of 1861-65, finds himself thrown
Into a larger jackpot of slnvery than
wns formerly his lot. He belongs to no
particular master, except upon the instalment plan, the instalment boing
termed wages. This arrangement is
much more satisfactory from tho mas-
tor 's standpoint, for the reason that he
can now get rid of the slave when he no
longer needs him, without being to the
bother of either selling or killing him.
All ho hns to to do is to cut off the
instalments. But if tho slave is enticed
away from the immediate neighborhood
of any individual masters they suffer
material loss in the same manner ns did
the one-time chattel slave owner when
his slnvo property was stolen, nnd for
the very Bnme reison. In either case
the loss is a loss of property. And thnt
property was tho chattel slave. It is
now the wage slave, no matter what the
color of his hide. The chattel slave's
labor power was owned by nn individual
master for life. That of the wago slave
is owned by the capitalist class as a
whole, and the slave himself is allowed
the blessed privilege of peddling it out
among the members of the class of owners and bestowing it upon the individual
or concern that will grant the largest
tip for the service. Oh, no, "labor is
not a commodity."
bring it to tho ignominious level of a re
cipiont of charity. Let these impudent
ones publish all the lists they may, but
there is one thing sure, and that is that
no one who has any respect for his
country need feci ashamed to have his
name appear thoroon. It is to his
credit and honor that ho has sufficient
faith in tho integrity of both Dominion
and Empire to feel sure thnt they can
and will meet their obligations, without
resorting to either beggary or blackmail. But then when a military-mad
bunch gets to going thero is no knowing
where or when they will stop. And this
locnl bunch of nose-poking busybodies
is about aa loco as any on the map.
PROBABLY A GOOD many readers
of The Federationist will remember
heavy  shipments  of human   merchandise that wore made into this provinco a few years sinco, by the Salvation   Army.     That
particular exporting
and importing concern did a thriving
business    down    to
quito recent times, and its official have
broadly hinted that it expects to do a
heavy trnde agaia after the war is over.
Its specialty thon will be tho shipment
of  war  widows from  those  countries
that have accumulated a surplus in that
line, into those less favored lands where
that class of goods may, perchance, be
in demand.   That would come along aB
a part of that great world wide trade
that Canada is to build up nfter the
cruel war is over, and in anticipation of
which every trado mongers' mouth waters in copious fashion,   It will indeed
be a happy day for all of us when the
good old days of the now busted boom
shnll hnve returned to ub and the dealers and  traffickers in human chattels
and thoir wares are once more busily
and profitably engaged at their merchandising occupations.
* * *
This calls to mind the marvelous discovery recently made by Mr. Samuel
Gompers, of the American Federntion of
Labor, that "labor is not a commodity," a discovery that wns subsequently
confirmed by tho United States congress
in thnt now famous production known
as tho Clayton Act. Oh, no, labor is
not merchandise. It is not property. It
is not a "commodity." It is a, well—
a something cIbo, a—well, something
personal, you know; at any rate it is
"not a commodity," and thnt is ull
there is about it. And yet Mr. Gomp-
erB' "Weekly Nows Letter" of Sept. 30
chronicles tho startling fact thnt there
is an alarming shortage of negro labor
in some sections of tho south in consequence of large shipments of colored
laborers to various northern stntes. It
seema that labor agencies nnd agents
representing northern compnnies that
require the serviceB of large numbers of
laborers are shipping negroes north by
the hundreds every day. These colored
laborers aro being sent principally to
tho mining fields of Pennsylvania, Kon
tucky nnd Virginia, where their services
nre required to tako the places of those
valiant foreigners who went across tho
son to gallantly fight, blood and die for
the fatherland, from which they had
previously fled in ordor to keep from
starving to death.
* *      *
Now just to show that the lnbor of
the colored man ih not a commodity, a
piece of merchandise thnt is bought,
sold nnd shipped about just like real
merchandise, it may bo well to note that
Mr. Gompers Nows Letter also chronicles in tho same issue that tho city council of Birmingham, Ala., recently pnssed
ordinance mnking it an "offence
pniiisnahle by a flno of $100 nnd sixty
days' imprisonment to induce any
Inborer to leave tho city." Thc employers of labor havo beon raising a row
becauso their black wage slavos nro being enticed away by tho agonts of
northern slave driving concerns. Hence
thoy have called upon the local authorities to put a stop to it. Thoy are suffering injury because of this exodus of
Inborers. That injury is in the nature
of a financial loss. It must bo, for that
is the only kind of an injury tbat over
calls forth a wail of distress nnd an appenl for legal redroHs. Now no one can
claim legal redress unless he has suffer*
ed financial loss. If the employers of
Birmingham are Beeking protection
ngninBt tho depletion of the local supply
of laborers, it must be for tho reason
that such depletion is subjecting them
to material Iobb, that is a loss of property values. If these laborers are not
property, if their labor powor ie not a
commodity of value to the employers of
Birmingham, and through the loss of
which thoy suffer in a manner that can
only be expressed in terms of monoy,
will Mr. Gompers please explain what
the city councU of Birmingham is driving nt? If these laborers nre not property and their labor is not a commodity, what difference would it make to
the local employers of labor where they
went, or how long they staid away?
Cleanliness is said to be next to godliness, and if such be the case, and who
can doubt it, what better investment
could a eity make than by providing
every facility possible for such a laudable purpose? Why should not the oity
of Vancouver be one of the first to
ndopt such a policy as one of the duties
of its health department? It occurs to
The Federationist that far more could
be accomplished in the way of moral
and ethical uplift by sucn means, than
by all the prohibitive( "thou shalt
nots" ever laid down by city councils
sinco time began. We suggest that the
Vancouver city council givo the matter
serious consideration.
SOME PERSON or persons contem-
pinto establishing n public gnthing
or swimming pool in the 1200 block
on Howe street, in this city.   Of course,
with true profit instinct, the promoters
of this Bcheme set
THE OITY out   to   get   some*
COUNCIL HAS     thing for nothing, if
AN IDEA. such n thing is pos
sible. They nppronch
tho city council with n request thnt
water shnll bo furnished from the city
mnins without charge, tho amount required being 00,000 gallons, twice per
week. This modest request cnusod a
veritablo flutter in a dove coto nmong
tho members of thc council. Tho "grave
nnd stern decorum" usually marking
thc proceedings of that august body
gavo wny to nlmost jocular hilarity at
the proposal. Tho proposition was mot
with a counter ono of froe water in exchange for free swimming. Prom this
tho idea gradually developed within the
aldermanic occiput that it would not bo
altogether ridiculous for tho city, inns-
much ns it wns being solicited for free
wntor, to Bimply go n stop further and
provide free swimming pools for those
who nre so fortunnte as to dwell within
its glorified precincts. Ono nldormnn
suggested that tho matter be referred to
the Parks bonrd, with the request thnt
tho providing of a swimming pool be
provided at or near English Bny, where
it could bo supplied with sea wntcr.
This appears to Tho Federationist
having brought it forth. Not for a momont do wo wish to suggest that it is
the first idea thnt ever found lodgment
in the incumbent nldermnnio brnin, but,
to sny the lenst, it is ono of the best.
*      *      *
As a mattor of fact, why should not
the municipal authorities establish a
system of freo swimming pools throughout tho eityf Cnn any one suggest a
line of action thnt would bo moro conducive to physical and moral health and
genoral well boing, thnn suoh a coursct
Why should not suoh public bathing os
tablishments bo placod nt tho convenient disposnl of nil residents of tho eity,
absolutely freo of charge, the expense
thoroof being provided for ont of tho
genoral rales' It is a well-known fnct
thnt there is a lnmontablo lack of pro-
por and ample bathing facilities in this
and practically all modern cities. This
is, of courso, moro pronounced iu tho
working clnss districts. But it is n
matter thnt cnn bo remedied at comparatively littlo cost, by tho city ndmin-
istrntion taking hold of it and oxercis*
ing a littlo common horse sonso. It
would be a mntter of comparatively littlo cost to establish a half dozen or so
of suitable swimming pools nt locations
that would convoniontly serve all of
tho city's population, and provido thom
with a bountiful supply of sea water.
It doos not coBt such fabulous sums of
money to lay a fow miles of water pipe
ns to put it beyond the powor of a great
and woalthy oity to do so. And measured by the good* that could be brought
to the city's population by such means,
the cost is not worth mentioning.
* * *
Those who lived in Ban Francisco
during tho years following tho death of
James Lick, the founder of the Lick Ob-
sorvatory, with its big telescope, will
not forgot tho Lick free baths, located
south of Market street. Among the
many benefactions providod for in Mr.
Lick's will, theso free baths were by no
moans tho least. Under the will, provision was made that the use of the baths
was to be absolutely free, provided the
bother furnished his own towel. If not
the charge was Avo cents. Needless to
say these baths were always patronized
to full capacity, and the benefiical re-
salts therefrom eould not be measured.
ANY A surface-skimmer becomes
obsessed with tho idea thnt the
consumers   of   eatables,   drinkables, woorablos, etc., nro robbed by tho
trust and combines that control the production and sale of
WHO such things. For in*
LOSES THE Btnnce, that versa-
HOBSE? tile    and    earnest
soul. Prof. Scott
Nenring, loudly lumentoth becauso thc
pooplo of tho United Stntes aro forsooth compelled to pay to tho rnilwnys
largo Bums of money for transportation
service. Ho ovidently considers that
tho peoplo aro robbed by tho railways.
Now tho pooplo must comprise all of the
inhnbitnnts of tho country. If they aro
robbed, who robB thoml Then again, if
the peoplo obtain a necessary transportation at a less cost than thoy can do it
themselves, whero doeB tho robbery
come in? For instanco, if a farmer cnn
got his crop hauled to tho niarkot by a
rnilwny compnny, cheaper than ho could
haul it there himself, how hns he been
robbed? The railways obtain transportation power by purchasing tho lnbor
power of working men in the market,
nnd turn it into ensh by selling trans*
portation to tho consumers thereof, at a
price less than it would cost the consumers to do their own haulage. Therefore, the consume™ nro not, nnd cannot
bo robbed by tho transaction. True,
the railways reap large surplus revenue,
but ns to whero they got it or who Ib
robbed in tho getting, may be detormin
ed by tho nnswer to the following conundrum: If A stoals a horse from B
and Bells him to C for what he is actually worth in the market, haB C boon
robbed by A? Who lost the horso any-
wny? Let A represent tne railways, B
the wago slaves in thoir employ, nnd C
the consumers. Now get out your pencil
nnd figure it out, Mr. Scott Nenring,
nnd all the rest of you.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
Wo would bo glad to quote you rates
on your Are insurnnco. Wo are mnking
n specialty of this department, ond will
guarantee you as cheap rates as can be
had, also complete satisfaction in all
your transactions.
590 Bichards St. Tel. Sey. 4434
per cent, in the last 3500 years? Wo
sometimes wondor if there is ono among
us sd doll as not to know that wages
are lowor now than was ever tho case
beforo, since tho wage system was invented. It is surely timo that working
mon woke up. to the truth about tho
mattor. Tho conditions of tho slnvo
have, and always must grow progressively worse, so long as slavery remains.
Let us no longer deceive ourselves
about it,
Canada's Industrial Toll.
According to tho industrinl accident
record of tho federal department of
Labor, 78 working peoplo wero killed
and 380 seriously injured in tho courso
of their respective employments during
August. Tho record for -July wns 74
killed and 415 injured, and tho record
for August, 1015, was 77 killed and 243
Ask  for  Labor  Temple   'Phone Exchange,
Soymour   7185   (unless   otherwiss   stated).
Waitresses—Boom    804;
-E. H. Morrl*
CookB,     Welters,
Andy Oraham.
Electrical Workers   (outside)
son, Room 207.    8ey. 861b.
Doop Sea Fishermen's Union—Bnssolt Kearley, 487 Gore avonue. Office phone, Sey*
tnour 4704; residence, Highlstid 1844b.
Longshoremen's Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street: phono Soy. 6369.
Musicians- H. J. Brasfleld. Room 805.
Sailors—\v. B. Burns, 218 Hastings Btreet
west.     Sey.   8703.
Street Rsllway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 5000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 206.
It seems thnt the liquor business over
in tho stato of Washington rofuses to
down in obedienco to tho recently en*
actod prohibition law. Gigantic schemeB
of graft in connection with tho illicit
trnflic are reported from Seattle. The
dissiplcB of wetness should, however, refrain fro musing the apparent triumph
of illicit liquor selling ns an argument
evidencing the failure of prohibition.
The only thing it doos emphatically
prove is thot tho liquor evil is inlinitcly
moro dnmnnblo than even its worst enemies over pictured it.
Do our zealous prohibitionists and
othor holier than thou folk, who nre always trying to abolish sin by tho decree,
"thon shalt not," overlook tho foot
that it was thnt vory decree itself that
introduced sin into tho world? When
tho notice wns hung upon tho tree in
the Gnrdon of Eden, "thou shnlt not
ent of this fruit," wo know whnt effect
it hnd upon our donr old mother Evo.
Had it not been for tho sign and tho
decree, tho chnnccs nro that sho would
hnve had no desire to pnrtnko of tho
fruit, ond the world would bo without
sin, oven unto this dny.
Under a "wnr precautious" regula
tion issued by the Labor government of
Austrnlin, "no person shall, without
lawful authority publish, soil, or distribute nny printed mntter which refers in
any way to tho presont war, or to tho
raising of troops for servico in nny of
his mnjesty 's forcos, unless such mntter
has boen submitted to, and approved by,
nn officer of the censorship staff." Thoro
must bo something decidedly rotten
about this wnr whon such great pains
nro taken to throw tho mantlo of secrecy
ovor its proceedings. Porhaps (he military boost instinctively realizes that if
uncovorod, ho cnn only rouso feelings of
disgust in tho human breast. And it's
patriotism that's nocded now.
first mi third Thursdays. Executive
board: James H. McVoty, prosidont; It. M,
Myloa, vice-president; Victor H. Midi-tier,
general secretary, 210 Labor Tomplo; Fred
Knowles, troasurer; VV. H. Cotterill, statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A. J.
Crawford, Jas, Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
Meets   second   Monday   in   tho   month.
President,   J.   McKinnon;   secretary.  B   H
Neelanda, P. 0. Box OfJ,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets first
Sunday]of each month. President, James
Campbell; financial socretary, H. Davis, Box
421; phono, Soy. 4762; recording secretary,
ittishftw* Globe Hotel, Main street.
; phon
i. Mott
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Todays in the month,
Room 206 Labor Templo. Presidont, L E,
Herritt; secretary, S. li. Grant, 604 Georgia
Meets every 1st and Srd Tuesday, $
p.m., Boom 807. Prosidont, F, Dickie: corresponding socrotary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 58;
financial secretary, W. J. Pipes j business
agent, W. 8. Dagnall, Room 216.
BBEWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, 1, \f,
U. B. W. of A,—Moots first and third
Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor
Tomplo, 8 p.m. President, A. Sykesj socretary. Frank Graham, 2256 Twelfth avonue
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
first and third Mondays. 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue west;
secrotary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
Pacific—Meets at 437 Qoro avenue overy
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, business
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
overy Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell stroot; recording secretary, R. N. Elgar, Labor Templo; financial
socretary and business agent, E. 11. Morrison,
Boom 207. Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 88-52—Offlce and hall,
10 Powell Btreet. Meets evory Thursday S
p.m. Oeo. Thomas, business agont; Thomas
Nixon, secretary.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.r. President, J. Mclvor; recording secretary, J.
Brooks; financial secretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Templo.    Seymour 7495.
tors' Union, Local 348, I. A. T. S. E. k
M.  0.—Meets   first  Sunday of each
M.   P.
Ono of Mr. Gompor's hoavy lucubrations is going tho rounds of the parrot
Lnbor press, undor tho caption "Cats
Making Laws for Mice" In viow of
Mr. Gompcr's woll-known proclivity for
ignoring, and ovon opposing the necessity of tho mice (workors) making laws
for themselves, and persisting in hanging around the houses of parliament
asking that tho cats (capitalists) allow
tho mice to havo an occasional favor
granted thom in the2shapo of a tiny piece
of cheese, we would suggest that ho obtain a copy of Esop's fables and read
that interesting little story of the mice,
who, in solemn convention assembled,
proposed to havo the cat wear a bell.
He might learn that it is far less stupid
for cats to rule mice than it is for mice
to expect that they can bell the eats.
Allied Printing Tradea Council—R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Barbers—S. H. Grant. 1301 7th avenue west.
Barlondors—H, Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cat tell, 2206 Fifteenth Ave.
Bookbinders—W. U. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street,
Brewery Workors—Frank Graham, 2256 12th
avnoue west.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Council
—P. L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 llarwooa street. Soymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. Q. Savage, 1235 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—M, D,
Jordan, 1060 Granville street.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Em-
ployoes—E. Corado, 2S6 Clark drive.
Cigarmakers—W. H. McQueen, care Hurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Doep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear
ley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workers (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Workers—Mrs, Jardlne, Labor Temple.
lIorHcshoers—Labor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue west.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Longshoremon—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806, Labor
Moving Picture Operators—H. C. Roddan, P.
0. Box 845.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty street.
Painters—Oeo. Weston, Room 808, Labor
Plumbers — Room 206%, Labor Temple.
Phono Soymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Waterman,  1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—Gen. Rush, 2276 Fourteen Avo.
vest.    Bayvlew 215L.
Pattern Makors—-J. Campbell, North Vancouver, B. C.
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, csro Columbia Hotel.
Seamen's Union—W. S. Burns, P. 0, Box
Structural Iron Workers—Boom 208, Labor
Stonecutters—James    Rayburn,   P.   0.   Box
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway  Employees—A. V.  Lofting,
2561 Trinity street.
Stereotypers—W, Bayley, care Province.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppin, Box 842.
Trndes and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley. Room 210. Labor Temple.
Typographical—IT. Norlands, Box 66.
Tailors—H. Nordlnnrl. Box 603.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box Ttl.
Tllelayers   and   Helpers—A.   Jamleson,   640
Twenty-third avenuo east.
month, Room 204, Lnbor Temple. President,
J. C. Lacbanco; business agent, W. E. McCartney; financial and corresponding secretary, H. C. Roddan, 1*. 0. Box !""
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenuo west; financial secretary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argylt
street; recording set-rotary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street-    Phone Bayvlew 2698L.
ployoes, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. fottntll;
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording aeeretary, A. V. Lofting, 2651 Trinity streot; financial secretary and bnsiness agont, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Tuesday in each month, 6 p.m. President, Francis Williams; vice-president, Miss
H. Gutteridgo; recording seeretsry, C. McDonald, Box 503; financial secretary, H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 503.
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President. Wm. H. Youhill; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
B.    C.    FEDERATION   OF  LABOR—Meet*
ln annual convontion in January. Exeoutlve officers, 1916-17; President, Jas. H. MoVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Siverts;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Bupert,
W. E. Thompson, P. 0. Box 158; Bossland,
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Ialand), W. Head; District 18,
U. M, W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-treasu-er, A. S. Wells, P.
0. Box 1538, Victoria, B, C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meeta flrst and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
p. in. President, G. Taylor; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B. C.
of America, local T84, Now Westminster.
Meeta second Sunday of each month at 1'80
p.m.    Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 490.
Council—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters' hall. President. S. D, Macdonald; secretary, J, J.
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
According to the Weekly News Letter
published by the American Federation
of Labor, the cost of living increased
last year approximately 35 per cent. The
figures upon which this conclusion is
based were obtained from the office of
William C. Bedfleld, secretary of commerce, Washington, D. 0. It is now up
to some responsible authority on such
matters to explain to us just where and
how the advance of wages bo much
talked about, comes In. Is there any
one bo ill-informed that he does not
know that wages have not increased 35
Prosldent—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D.
C.; Cigarmakers International union.
First vice-president—James Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.; Granito Cuttora' International
Second vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C; International Association of Machinists,
Third vice-president—D, A, Hayes, Philldel-
phia; Glass Blowers' association.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati; Molders' union of North
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'umbors.
Sixth vice-president—H. B, Perham, St.
Louis; Order of Bailway Telograpbers.
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis; United Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John B. Lennon, Bloomlngton,
111.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secrotary—Frank Morrison, Washington, D.
0.; International Typographical union,
Of America r_uf
aaamaaaai manotoimotattm
Vote against  prohibition!
" "L   '   '   ihot
This ii oor Libel
sonal liberty ln choosing what you will mn,
...... wjeB pOTei,M|B| j#W)
larantee that lt li 0*
Ask for this Ubel
AIo or Porter, u a
Ion Made,
at call of president. Labor Templo, Vancouver, B. C. Directors: James Campboll,
president; J. H. McVoty, secret ary-treasurer;
A. Watchman and A. S. Wells. R. Parm.
Pettipiece, managing director. Room 217,
Labor Temple. Telephone Soymour 7496.
TRADES AND LABOB CONGBESS OF CANADA—Meets in convention September of
each year. Exocutive board; Jas. 0. Wattera,
presidont; vice-president, A, Watchman, Victoria, B. O.J secre tory- treasurer, P. M, Dra-
per, Drawer 515, Ottawa. Ont.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, la
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Provinoe of British Columbia, may bo leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an aore. Not
more than 2,660 acrea will be leased to one
Applications for lease mnst be made by the
applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district ln which tho rlghta applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by seotlons, or legal subdivisions of
seotlons, and in unsurveyed territory tho
tract applied for ihall be ataked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5, whloh will be refunded If the
rights applied for are nei available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rat*
of five cents per ton.
Tho person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returni accounting for the fall quantity of merchantable
coal mined and par tha royalty thereon. If
tbe eoal mining rights are not being operated,
suoh returns should be furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, but thi lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rlghta
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate of 110 an aere.
For fall Information application should be
■ado to the Seeretary of the Department of
tha Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
. Deputy Mlnliter ef ths Interior,
'. K B.—Unauthorised publication of thli ad*
firttiement will not be said for—10090
r-r-r —*-s—pw^thvw
FRIDAY October 13, 1916
NewBoots for Fall
For Stylish Dressers
LATEST MODELS just received, and which you are
invited to view. The assortment includes pretty
shades of grey kid leathers
in lace styles, as well as
champagne kid in lace and
button effects. And with
these is a very smart laco
boot style with kid foxing,
grey kid leg and French
heel. Other color combinations are shown—all of the
very latest season's stylos.
$7.50 to $10.50
Slipper Soles
Interestingly Priced
NEW FALL stocks, embracing overy dcBircd stylo,
at prices from, pair—
20c to 60c
\^ .  ^) !______  \tia     mam i mmim. imit mmmimimiw [ ^Siy )
Granville and Georgia Streets
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a hcauthful, nourishing
Pints        FOR SALE EVERYWHERE       QUarts
$1.00 per       BREWED AND BOTTLED       $2.00 per
dozen AT THE BREWERY dozen
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Hillcrest dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary Dniry—not sanitary in name only—having evory modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used. The
milk comes from the Frasor Kiver Valley.
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no mntter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the  Union  Stamp  are
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F, Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
Just off the Press
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
In response to a widespread demand, The Federationist has
reproduced the article which appeared in its Labor Day isBuc,
under the above caption.
This littlo booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding the economic basis of capitalist society, and the
position occupied by the working class within it.
It clears up much that has long confused, not only the
workers themselves, but many otherB who have given thought
to the vexations and anomalies of modern civilization.
It is invaluable to every student of social phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working class.
In lots of less than 100 copies, per copy, 10 cents postpaid.
In lots of 100 or more, at 5 cents per copy.
The B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple, *"     VANCOUVER, B. 0.
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, for distribution
among members, either for Bile or otherwise.
Negotiations with Railways
Not Progressing Too
Men Will Not Be Satisfied
Except with Reduction
of Working Hours
Trades and Labor Council.
October 16, 1891.
Walking Delegate George Irvine
wanted to resign, but nil the unions
directly concerned were in favor of continuing his service's. However, Mr, Irvine agreed to act ■until his successor
was nppointed.
Delegates Fulton and Franklin reported for the Labor Day committee.
Ottawa Trades und Labor council
wrote in reference to the strike in the
lumber trade.
From Farm's
Potato Patch
Whilo the greatest secrecy iB main-
tninetl among both union and railway
officials regarding the negotiations between the Canadian Pacific railway and
its employees, it is stated locally, that
the question of an eight-hour day has
been brought up. This, it iB pointed out,
also entered into the negotiations between the Canadian Northern railway
and Grand Trunk railway and their em
plc.yees during the summer, although
the men subsequently withdrew their request. So far, a Btrike vote has not
been taken among the Vancouver employees of the Canadian Pacific railway.
Calgary employees voted 100 per cent,
in favor of a strike.
Not a New Issue.
The history of the present trouble between the C. P. R. and itB trainmen,
conductors and engineers goes back
aome time, aa stated by Grant Hall in
the review of the situation issued by
him at Winnipeg. While employees of
n railway deal only with that road, the
trouble was more or less paralleled quite
recently on the two other Canadian
transcontinental lines.
Ask for An Eight-hour Bay.
Onlya few months ago, Canadian
Northern engineers approached the management with a demand for readjustment of the schedule. In the course of
the negotiations the men asked for an
eight-hour day, the agitation in the
United States being then at its height.
Whether the Grand Trunk employees actually demanded an eight-hour day or
not has not been stated. Negotiations,
however, wore brought to a successful
conclusion, and, as in the enso of the
Canadian government railways, wnges
were advanced. This also happened on
the Canadian Northern.
Mennwhilo, negotiations between the
C. P, R, and its employees hnd not pro-
grossed very satisfactorily. At one time
Grant Hall, vice-president nnd genernl
manager of tho C. P. R. at Winnipeg,
broko off negotiations definitely. They
were later resumed, however.
Some time beforo these events in the
summer months the unions hnd adopted
a resolution deciding that no action
would be taken on the eight-hour day
question until after the war. This resolution was, however, zealously guarded from publication, and, in fiiet. only
obtained publicity through an accident.
International Organizers.
All these affairs were handled by the
international organizers, with headquarters at Cleveland. These committees
wero composed in part of Canadian employees of tho roads.
The trouble now coming to a head is
due, it is said, to the victory of the
Uinted States railway omployees in
their fight for an eight-hour day.
"We havo a nine-hour day now and
it would mean taking another hour off,"
said an official of one of the unions
Wodnesday. "We feel that we are entitled to havo an eight-hour dny."
Whilo he did not admit that the C. P.
R. employees were actually seeking this
concession, other union mon hero wore
of the opinion that steps wero being
taken in this direction. Pull detnils are
not known locally, however, ns the actual negotiations nro in tho hands of the
headquarters officials at Cleveland.
Take Determined Stand.
It is furthor stnted that the employees
are unwilling to nccopt any schedule
which will debar thom from obtaining
this reduction in the working hours at
any time. If thoy do not press the mat-
tor to a conclusion at present they want
to rosorve tho right to do so at any momont that mny seem to thom desirable.
There appears to hnve beon a certnin
difference of opinion ns to procedure betwoen tho international officers and the
Canadinn members and local officials of
the unions. The latter wero more ...
less willing to postpono any drastic
changes until nfter tho war. Tlieir de-
siro is snid to be to press on to n Canadian victory now that tho oight-hour
dny law is a fact in tho United Stntes.
Locally, as no strike vote has boon
tnken, it is difficult to sum up tlio feeling of tho men. Some aro inclined to
think ton much is boing mndo of tho
danger of a strike. A strike vote, they
say, does not necessarily mean a strike.
On tho otlior hnnd, it is generally conceded thnt they will bnck up whatever
notion tho international officials mny
been spoiling for
fight for the past week
or so, strutting around
with a chip on his
shoulder, as it were. He
got ull he wanted down
at the Dew Drop tavern
last night. A poet,
with long hair, wearing a big necktie
over a dickie, was having a drink and
incidentally discussing the war with
Abe Johnson. Cy. chipped in: "£"
are you a man or a woman!"
"Have you read that Hun submarine
activity may raise a crisis?" calmly
replied the poet.
Cy. challenged him to fight, whereupon the literary artist said: "Queens-
bury or Canadian?"
"Canuck," roared Cy.
Then the poet went at him like a
wildcat, and knocked him down,bit him,
goughed his eye and blackened the other
one, jumped on him with both feet, and
hit him on the head with a chair.
The poet dared Cy. to move while he
took another lotion, nnd then strode
away with the parting shot:
"Caveat actor. Culpa poena par
(Lot the doer beware. Let the pun
ishment be proportioned to the crime.)
Federal Election.
A general federal election beforo tho
ond of this year is not out of tlio question.   So get on tho votors' list.
Phone High. 21
Factory 801 Powell
Ask for
Soft Drinks
Phone Beymour 181
Proportional Representation.
[Article 2]
Editor B. C. Federationist: Neither
the second ballot, nor the alternate
vote could remove the evils of the sin-
glo member constituency system. On
tho contrary, this method has additional
defects. It involves a struggle betweon
two candidates for the support of a
third party, with which neither agrees.
It is quite immoral to send a member to
parliament to represent views which he
does not hold, and to ndvocate principles with which he has no real sympathy. The second ballot was not popular in France nnd Belgium. In Australia, the nlternnte voto involved a struggle of tbo Conservatives and Liberals
to defeat the Laborites. Proportional
representation is the only method of
curing these evils. It docs not appenl
to nny one party, as a party measure,
for its aim is to do justice to all sections nnd shades of opinion. In Switzerland, Belgium, South Africn, Tnsma-
nia, etc., where it is in operation, it hns
given freedom and independence to both
electors nnd representatives. It hns rendered legislation more stable and popularly acceptable. No country which has
experienced its benefits would dream of
reverting to tho evils nnd absurdities
which are insoparnble from any single
member system. Proportional representation is the representation of all classes
of citizens, or elected bodies, such ns
councils, or legislative assemblies, in
proportion to thoir voting strength. For
example: The just representation for a
constituency of 70,000 electors, of whom
40,000 are Conservatives, 20,000 Liberals, 10,000 Laborites, is not seven Con
servative members, but four Conservatives, two Liberals and one Lnbor, mem
bers of parliament. Benring in mind
that "proportional representation" i
the representation of nil classes of oiti
Kens on elected bodies, such ns councils
or legislative nssomblies, "in proportion
to thoir voting strength." we now proceed to note tho method by which this
end may be attained. (1) Unite existing constituencies into larger ones returning threo or moro mombers. each
having regard to natural divisions of
the country, such ns large cities, counties or parts of counties. Give each
constituency so formed n number nf
members propnrtionnto to its
she, tho totnl number of
ntembors in the house boing tho same as
nt present. Redistribution nnd gerrymandering will bo unnecessary ns tho
representation will nnturnlly change in
proportion to the rise nnd fall nf the
eleetorafe. The return of mnny members, with eaeh ennstitueney, makes it
possible tn give representation tn more
(ban one party. (2) Decide elections
by a proportional system, such ns Hint
known ns tlie single transferable vote,
or the Hare system of prnpnrtinnnl reprosecution. Tlie single voto enables a
coherent body nf electors of n reasonable size to obtain representation. Suppose thnt in n constituency which returns six members, 15,000 electors go to
tho poll as in Vnncouver. As ench olee-
tnr has only one vote only 1.1,000 votes
cnn be recorded, nnd if n group of 2500
electors nil vote fnr ono and the snmo
candidate; they enn secure his return.
This is the form of proportional representation that is in uso in Japan. It requires efficient pnrty organization, nnd
n well disciplined electorate to prevent
wasting the party's voting strength
either by concentration on a popular
candidate, or diffusion over mnny enn-
didntes who have no chance of being
returned. Tho defect in the single voto
is remedied by making the voto transferable. Tn this wny wo secure to nil
parties, their fnir share of representation, representntion in strict proportion
to their voting strongth. Tho elector
entering a polling booth does not know
whether his favorite will rccelvo more
votes than is necessary to elect, or
whether ho will receive so Uttle as to
have no chance of election. Thus a popular candidate of nny party may receive
say 3500 voten, whon he needs only
2500 to be elected; or n party mny have
scattered its votes over too many candidates, and might lose tho representation which it otherwise would gain. The
transferable vote provides agalnBt both
these contingencies. It enables the
elector to indicate the candidato of his
second choice (and every further
choico) to whom his vote can be transferred. (1) When his first choice has
moro votes than he requires, or (2)
When after all excess votes have been
Disrupters of Labor Unions
Condemned for Their
With the Labor Forces Split
Into Warring Factions
Capitalists Win
[By John Day, Victoria]
I NOTICE under the hooding "In
Sheer Sclf-Dcfcnco Labor Must
Toko Political Action," nnd then follows on article from A. 8. Wells. The
writer hits tho right noil on the heod
when he stotcs, "In tho meantime, however, whot are wo to lay down ns a
barrier ngninst the encroachment of the
present system. Are we to build up for
tho movement such organizations os will
tend towards tho minimizing of the effects of the system under which we live
(when some of his friends read this I
can imagine their thoughts), but I for
ono believe a greater good cnn be done
by this palliative scheme, and that this
is tho only real way to bring the workers togethor; under Labor organizations. The answer will be but we hove
Labor organizations! I deny this. What
we hove got is a disreputed bunch of
"agitators." I include myself, who
have not got the sense of getting down
to the business that will be of real bene-
lit to tho working class. In our councils
and our conventions, the timo is taken
up rolating to some fight between the
workors themselves, and often of the
most trivial character. But in my opinion the men who tend to cause the most
injury aro thoso who, although supposed
to be connected with the Labor movement, have ono sot idea, viz., to keep
up this disruption, anticipating thnt
they will eventually gain their particular object. Personally, I admire them
for their sincerity, and I count many
among my best frionds, but I nm convinced thnt they would mako more converts and build up their movoment on o
moro solid bnsiB if they would follow n
moro reasonable and less antagonistic
mothod. I beliovo thnt the trado union
movement is tho only real movement,
undor the present system, that can be of
any use to the working class, and If allowed to carry out its principles, the
workers will eventually seo that thoy
will bo compelled by forces over which
they hove no control, to adopt o political movemont. But so long as we have
a certain class who, having read a few
chapters of Karl Marx, nnd bolieving
that they are the chosen to deal out the
panacea for all ills, nnd will persist in
trying to disrupt the Labor movement,
thon I believo it is useless to try to
gather the workers together. Thoso men
do more injury to tho socialist movement by theso methods, and so retnrd
tho good work thnt would eventually
grow from tho wise and reasnnnble system of teaching adopted by somo of the
renl teachers of socialism. The majority of pooplo nro not ready nnd will 'not
accept it by force; nnd ov'on if they did
ncccpt it, of whnt uso would it bo if
they did not understand it: nnd I for
one would indeed ho sorry for Cnnndn
if somo of the men I know who profess
to be socinlists, woro given nnv nuthor-
ity or power. I believe thnt if tho
Lnbor pnrty would cut out nil this difference of opinion, nnd get down to
some definite system, the mnjority nf
their mombers who nre now connected
to politicnl pnrties, would sever their
connections nnd bnck up cnpnblo men
fnr more cnpnblo than mnny now representing them, nnd to be found in their
own rnnks. But these men. when once
choson to represent Lnbor. must be pre*
pnrod to brenk off nil affiliations with
nny other body, nnd work for nnd in tho
interests of the Lnbor nnrty. So long ns
tho workers remnin divided, it is easy
for the interests thnt eyplnit the workers to fatten on their lnbort nnd to continue to be masters nf the situation. It
in only when the workers get together—
when fighting is necessnrr—cnn thev
hone tn mnke headway, nnd ns T hnve
stnted before, under present conditions,
cnn it only be done br nnd through the
trnde union movement nnd politicnl ne*
transferred, tho electors' choico is at
tho bottom of thc poll. Thus tho transferable vote preserves tho secrecy of
tho ballot, nnd yot allows electors to
combine into groups of tho necessnry
sizo. Tho doctor votes (1) By plncin'g
the figure 1 opposite the cnmlidnlo he
likes host (2) The figure 2 opposite the
nnmo of his second choice, nnd so on,
numbering ns mnny candidates as ho
plenses in tlio order of his preference.
(To ho continued)
P. Iv.
Tho services of tho stnlT nt the B. O.
penitentiary last yenr cost the cnllntrv
$07,131,11, Mnintcnnnco nf convicts—
rnlinns, (*17,708.48), clnlhing nnd modi*
cinos,'(,J!*IS27.7*i)—cost tolnl, *22,531.22.
Tho upward jump of copper nnd steel
locks goes merrily on. Wall street's
bull market is ns happy ns a lnrk. And
Iho lnbor mnrkct? Lnbor power is still
quoted ns selling for nbout ono-fifth nf
tho vnluo of its product. And it will
never sell for moro until it is trustified,
politically nnd industrinlly, by Ihe
working clnss nnd mnde lo work for the
working class alone.—Cleveland Citizen.
Refined Strike
On*  Block  west of Court  Houf*.
Uie  of Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors   free   to  all
Telephone Seymonr 2125
Vancouver—Offloe and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Soy. 3MI.
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapel, 121-Sixth St. Weat, Phone
Spencer's is Headquarters
Stanfield's Underwear
for Men
We Buy in Quantities that Command the Lowest
Price—No Store Can Undersell Us
wool; sizes 34 to 44.   A garment..... $1.26
STANHELD'S "RED LABEL"; heovy creom wool underwear; sires
34 to 44.   Price ..; »1.7J
STANFIELD'S "BLUE LABEL"; heovy cream wool, ribbed, eirns 34
to 44.   A garment 93.00
STANFIELD'S "BLACK LABEL"; heavy cream wool; sizes 34 to 44.
A garment 02M
in three weights at( garment 11.25, $1.60 and 12.00
eent.   A garment 12.85
COMBINATIONS in all the above UneB are available at twin < the price
of single garments.
NOTE.—All Stanfield's garments are guaranteed unshrinkable.
David Spencer Limited
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenne Eaat.  Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
Are your teeth
in good order ?
ARE your teeth efficientt Have you your full equipment of thirty-
two teeth in good working ordor f Each one of them is important,
and you cannot afford to do without a single one of them—your health
and efficiency depend on your teeth being able to perform their function
completely.        PERMANENT CROWNS and BRIDGES
Beauty of expression as well as full efficiency restored—made to fit the
face—heavily cast ia solid gold, with Medal of Honor Teeth.
$4. per tooth
Consultations and examinations free.
Telephone Seymour 3331,
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings, 7 to 8.
Office closed Saturday afternoon.
My painless methods most modern
known to dental
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Browed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Sale at all Liquor Stores ln
Increased profits
will result from the
use of
Gas in Your
The value of having fuel of thc first quality
always on tap and in whatever quantities
you require, should appeal to every manufacturer.
If you think gas can be used to advantage
in your factory, get in touch with our new
business manager BEFORE you purchase
your appliances. By that means you may
save money.
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour
..October 13, 1916
J. N. Harvey Limited
Clothing for this Colder Weather
Careful buying done months and months ago, almost two years back, makes
it possible for us to offer you pure wool goods in guaranteed fast colors at before-war prices. We would be fully justified in adding fifty per cent, to the
regular selling prices of these goods and still we would be well below what
would be necessary to charge if we had to buy them on today's markets.
In our new Overcoat stock you will find neat snappy cloths made in the close-
fitting "belted" and "finch-back" styles for the dressy young man. The quiet
greys, browns and blacks, made in the more conservative styles for the man of
3uiet tastes, and the swagger "Toga" weather-proofed coat for the smart
ressing business man. Prices range $12.50 to $35.00
A large range at  $15.00, $18.00, $22.50 and $25.00
With a splendid selection at $15.00, $18.00, $22.50 and $25.00. These prices include blues in guaranteed fast colors, something very handy to get today.
In neat dressy patterns, bought at a great bargain. On sale today at. 59c
Stanfield's heavy rib wool, unshrinkable  $1.25 to $2.00
Stanfield's fine lines at from -   $1.00 to $3.00
Fine English Underwear, in best known makes $1.50 to $4.50
Men's combinations, various weights     $1.50 to $6.50
Heavy Wool Socks at 25c, 35c, 50c, 60c   Fine Cashmere Socks at 35c, 50c, 60c
and - ■ 65c    and 65c
Men's Sweater and Sweater Coat Specials, $2.95 to $4.50 ~~
Remember J. N. HARVEY sells good Clothing, in Two Big Stores for Men
J. N. Harvey Limited
125-127 Hastings Street West Established 1889
614-616 Yates Street, Victoria, B. C. Established 1881
People WiU Probably Get
Their Heat in the Sweet
Bye and Bye
N. Y. Police Do Educational
Work Among Members
of Gentler Sex
flood for one year's aubicriptlon to The -.
_, m_ mmm — — —^ —. . «-v «-». <-h J. Federationist will be milled to ur ad-
1 ll KIT K iAkHS *>*»' *» C»n»"»« '« HO. (Good mrwhen
IV %J \J JJ. V^niXJ-f VJ ouUldo of Vanconyer elty.)    Order tea to-
■Jay.   Remit yheft aold.
During the recent milk wagon driven' strike one of the nnlon men
aaid to Tho Federationist: "... The women aro tho best union
men ot the lot."
Here Isa Chance For the Wives
and Friends of Trade Unionists
To Help The Federationist and
Make a Little Money for Themselves Without Much Effort
Read every lino of thia .extraordinary announcement; acquaint yourself with itB terms; it means money in your pocket
and will immeasurably help Tho Federationist to grow.
No red tape; no delay. Cash on presentation of purchase
Tho Federationist will pay cash money to those of its renders wbo are awake to their own interests and patronize our
advertisers in preference to those who don't think enough of
the organized workers to bid for their custom.
Bave Tour Purchase Slips—They are worth money to you
whenever ycnx buy of advertisers in The Federationist, save
the purchase slips you get with each saic—bring them to
Boom 217, Labor Temple, and we will immediately
We intend in this way to compensate our readers and make
it worth their whilo to patronize our advertisers, and in turn
to convince our advertisers that it pays to advertise in Tho
Save your purchase Blips with each sale and when you havo
♦50 worth of slips from nny or all advertisers combined—
send them in and wo will immediately send you $1 in cash.
Do not mall your purchase slips to tbls office until they
total $60,
Tho B. C. Federationist is the only bona fide Labor paper
published in British Columbin—in faot, west of Winnipeg.
When you nro engaged in u struggle for better conditions it
throws its full power into the controversy to holp you succeed. It is owned and published by tlio B. "C. Federation of
Labor, and Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, and you
aro therefore one of its shareholders.
In view of its great usefulness to you, is not Tlio Foderntionist deserving of yonr support to the degree nt least that
you holp it by tho judicious use of your purchasing power?
Wo endeavor to organize the purchasing power of the
working class of this city for tho purposo of throwing it behind our udvertisors; wo ask yoa to co-operato with us and
Make the advertisers' place of business shopping headquarters for organized workers—and when in need of nny
commodity enumerated exercise the adopted slogan of organized labor:
Phone Sey. 7495        VANCOUVER, B. C.
P.S.—We will not honor purchase slips
other than those of Federationist
Resolution re the Patriotic Fund—Labor
Bureaux Under Discussion.
CALGARY, Oct. 10.—The Labor pooplo will probably havo sevoral candidates in the Held for municipal election
this year. It is not known yet whether
there will bo a complete slnte for every
office, but thoro will be somo candidates
for most offices. Tho quCBtion came up
for discussion at tho last meeting of the
Trades and Labor council. Tho matter
is being submitted to tho various unions
who will bo asked to nominate candi-.
dates for tho different offices., A final
seloction will bo mado nt a mass meeting of labor men of tho city.
The following resolution was passed
at the meeting:
''Whereas the patriotic fund was organized for thc purposo of supplementing the separation allowance of onr soldiers' dependents, nnd whereas, during
the years 1914 and 1915 our soldiers
were encouraged to enlist for overseas
service by the obligation assumed by
tho administrators of the patriotic fund
to make an allowance from the fund
adequate to meet tho needs of their dependents; whereas the allowance of tho
fund in many eases has been discontinued and in other cases so reduced as to
make the soldiera' dependents' incomes
inadequate; bo it resolved that the state
may properly fulfil itB duties to our soldiers nnd their dependents, that the
separation allowanco bo so increased as
to make the patriotic allowance unnecessary."
Tho question of labor bureaus for the
province was also taken into consideration. The council placed itself on to-
cord as favoring municipal bureaus,
with tho Dominion governmont establishing a central labor burenu which
will co-operate with the municipal lnbor
It's as risky to praise a woman's husband to her face as it is to criticize him.
It lakes more than a visit from lijs
wife's mother to make a mnn happy.
NOTHING BUT peace and quietness
around tho "bullpen" thoBe days.
Everybody apparently happy and contented. If they have any kicks they
keep them to themselves. We tried to
get some information from tho business
agont, but all ho could scrape up was
that there were thirteen applications
for membership from new men, and that
Bro. Embleton was nbout to resume
work. We are pleased to know that
Bro. Embleton iB out of tho hospital
again. He has had a hard time, and we
hope he is feeling almost fit once more.
In last week's Federationist, tho account of the Trades and Labor council
meeting, it waa mado to appear that
the question of heaters for motormen
was discussed. This certainly must be
a misprint. If the subject of heat was
discussed it must have beon in connection with the insides of cars. This will
be apparent to all our members of
course.—[Right you aro, J. E. G.—Ed.
Another matter that was mentioned
by a delegate was tho question of or-
gainzing the jitney drivers, nnd believe
ub the organizer would bo up against a
stiff proposition. The teamsters aro the
men that should be orgnnized, nnd every
effort should bo made to gather this
class of workers into the fold.
An Uncalled-for Slam.
Mr. Kidd, general manager of the B.
C. E. R., speaking with regard to the
patriotic fund said; "That it wns not
difficult to get contributions from the
staff of his company, but thnt it was a
different matter bo far as the unions
were concerned." Now with regard to
tho Streot Railwaymen's union, such
was not the caso, as most of our members contributed to a relief fund, started chiefly with the object of assisting
tho families of our soldier members.
Tho cost of administering tho fund
camo out of our union treasury, and not
n single cont of the relief fund was used
for nny other purpose than tbat for
which it was started.
The Street Railwaymen are not given
to talking about nffnirs whero they have
been instrumental in helping out thoso
in need. Sufficient to sny that many
vory substantial grants have been given
from the relief fund, and right today
tho good work ia Btill going on, and will
continue bo long aa tho funds Inst. Paying into tho fund only stopped whon
our wages wero reduced, as tho mon
found it absolutely impossible to support their families and contribute to a
relief fund out of the small wnges they
were then receiving.
Stubborn Strike Lessons,
Wo wore informed a dny or two ngo
through thc daily press thnt during tlio
traction strike in Now York tho police
used thoir clubs frcoly upon the women
sympathizers. This process of educating tbe workers may bo brutal, but is
very effective, nnd cnn be expected to
last juat so long as we vote to uphold a
system thnt legalizes such cowardly
methods of keeping the workors in subjection.
More "Parm's. Potato Patch."
Tho '' back-to-the-land'' bug is again iu
ovidonco around tho "bull pen, ' nnd
whon put up in good shape can bo mnde
to listen like n good thing. Wo firmly
beliovo that tho intending farmer should
bo given every assistance, and whilo tho
undertaking to tho majority of those
who havo tried it has been heart-breaking, and in many cases disastrous, thore
is no longer nny need to fenr for the
succoss of your venture if you follow
tbe advice to bc had from Bro. Spoed,
Bert, hue made a study of this problem,
nnd is satisfied that "community farming" on a scientific basis, as laid down
by himself, is the only road to success.
Bert, charges nothing for bis advice, bo
wade in and get your fill. Follow his
advice and you can't go wrong.
Mrs. J. T. Dovino has written tho
members of Division No. 101, expressing
hor gratitude of tho wreath nnd splendid
treatment accorded her by them, on the
occasion of the loss of her husband, one
of our union membera at North Vancouver, on Oct. 4. Tho deceased was Gfi
yeara of nge, and died of heart failure.
J. E. G.
With Girdle, Frogs and
Neckcord, $5 the Set
THE large size of these
blankets gives liberal
allowance for making
of bathrobes and dressing
gowns. These are shown
in a large variety of designs in both Jacquard
and Indian effects. The
blankets are in popular
demand which speaks well
for their appearance and
the value represented.
Size 72x90 inches. Price
$5.00 each.
Featuring Un-
trimmed Hah in
WOMEN who appreciate hats of entirely.
new lines and of superior quality and workmanship will be delighted
with our display. The
models offered are in Lyons black velvet, very rich
in appearance and featuring styles that have been
selected on account of
their exclusiveness. The
display of untrimmed hats
is especially replete and
affords every latitude for
individual selection. Some
of the prices are $3.75,
$4.50, $6.50 and $7.60.
Lawyers, Doctors, Preachers
and Stock Gamblers
Bar "Scabs"
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Send the Federationist Beports of Your
Activities from Week to Week.
Tho Federationist wishes to serve you,
This may best bo dono by sending to
Tbo Federationist not later than Thursday morning of each week items of par
ticulnr iuteroat to your members. Tell
what has happened nt your meetings,
tho work dono by your officers and com-
mittoes, nnd add social and personal
paragraphs pertaining to your members,
Most items of genornl interest to organized labor aro crowded out of tbo great
daily papers. Wake up, union officors,
nnd givo The Federationist the items
your membera wish to seo in print. Lot
other unions know that you aro nlive
and active, end doing your part.
The good Samaritan didn't wait to be
introduced fo the man who bad fallen
nmong thieves.
Medicine Hat carpenters havo organized a union.
Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have givpn our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted. ■.
"There is nothing which so generally
strikes tho imagination, and engages the
affections of mankind, as the right of
property; or that solo and despotic dominion which ono man claims ond exorcises over tho external things of the
world, in total oxclusion of the right of
nny othor individual in tho universe.
And yet thoro are very few thnt will
give themselves tho trouble to consider
tho original and foundation of tbis
right. Pleased as we aro with tho possession, we seem afraid to look back to
tbo menus by which it wns acquired, aa
if fearful of some defect in our title;
or at best we rest satisfied wltb the d>
ciBion of tho laws in our favor, without
examining tho reason or authority upon
whieh these laws have been built. Wo
think it enough that our titlo is derived
by tho grant of tho former proprietor,
by descent from our ancestors, or by tho
lust will and testament of tho dying owner; not caring to reflect that (accurately and strictly speaking) thoro is no
foundation in nature or natural law,
why u set of words upon parchment
should convey tho dominion of land"—
From Blackstone's Commentaries on the
Laws of England.
Perhaps tho best wny to kill falsehood
is tu let it lie.
It's a case of love's labor lost unloss
it gets into tho union.
Miners and
who have copper proportieB worth
while, can be placed in touch with
actual buyers if they will send *
full particulars to DRAWER 4,
Labor Temple, Vancouvor, B, O.
An Improved
Alberta Homestead
(180 acres)
Seat Edmonton
FOB ONLY $2,000
(easy terms)
For full particulars writo Drawer
5, 0|o B. O. Federatlonist, Labor
Tomplo, Vancouver.
Unionism Is Only Bad When
Indulged in By the
NO CLASS of persons has as littlo
sympathy for labor unions as the
professional men, yot thero ia no othor
class that maintains such perfect trade
unions for itself as tbis same professional class, Bays the Bricklayers' Journal. Members of the legal profession
havo established tbe ideal trado union.
This trado union has absolute control of
the profession in overy court of law in
nearly evory civilized country. No man
can plead a caso as an attorney without
having made application to and been received into tho lawyers' trade union,
known ns the Bar association; Tho
powor of this lawyers' trade union is bo
groat that judges bow in submission to
its rulos and regulations.
Tbe Medical Association.
The Medical association, the doctors'
trado union, prohibits any person, lost
ho bo recognized by such trade union,
proscribing medicine for the relief of
tbe afflicted. Tbey have also established professional ethics that are as binding on their craft aB are tho ethics of a
labor union. Tho medical profession
denounces as "quacks" doctors who ig-
noro tho rulos of the medical trade
union, just as a labor union denounces
"scabs" workingmen who ignore
their ethics, and a "working card" a
diploma, must be in thc possession of the
practitioner beforo ho cnn earn a dollar
at his trade.
Clergymen Must Be Ordained.
To preach, marry peoplo and collect
salary, foes and perquisites of tho pulpit you must belong to tbo Ministers'
union, the clergy, be ordained, and
carry a licenso card.
Stock Gamblers' Union,
If you own stocks and bonds, can you
go on tho floor of tho stock oxchnngo
and sell them? Not unloss you belong
to tho Stock Gamblers' union; in other
words, a member of tho stock exchange,
Do you see tho farmers on tbo floor of
the produce exchange selling their grain
and farm products! Not much. They
do not belong to tho Produco Gnmblors'
union. Do drovers sell their cattle and
hogs on tbo floor ol tbe live stock ex
change? The nearest thoy get to it is
the office of Skinom, Bilkem & Shark,
live stock commission merchants, who
aro members in good standing in tbe
Live Stock Gamblers' union.
Professional Men Work Quietly.
AH tbe profossional trado unions have
been far more successful in the protection of their crafts thnn hnvo labor
unions. Whilo Labor bas boen denoun
ced by mnny good pooplo for attempting
to securo legislation beneficial to Lnbor,
theso professional gentlemen have quietly secured laws that effectually prevent
"scabbing" by non-union profossionnl
men. The lawyers, tho doctors, tho dentists, the druggists, hnvo nil secured
Inws which prevent incompetont persons
working nt thoir ^respective trado, yet
whon a labor union attempts to accomplish thoso same rosults, these same professional gentlemen join in the cry of
"Down with tho tyrannical labor
Must Recognize Strength In Unity,
Our own states aro united for tho
purposo of strength, both defensive and
offensivo. Tbat solves tho whole quos^
tion for us, for them, and tho only difficulty lies in making the point apparent
to the workor outsido the ranks of trado
We Oet Wbat We Make.
Tho omployer opposed to unions Bays
it's un-American lo be obliged to join
nn association if one docsn 't wish to—
that u man should bo allowed to work
without joining a union. The Labo:
outside tho ranks must sink a selfish
wish, particularly when it is evident—it
is patent—that he, tho rest of his fellows, the entire labor movement, aro to
bo benefited thoreby. To hesitate oven,
in such an emergency, is not merely un-
American, it is un-evcrything.
Tho "open" shop is a beautiful institution only when applied to plain and
simple work, nnd about tho only lawful
thing tho employer wnnts the worker
to do is not to bolong to a union, but
work liko a dog or starve.
"That's a good idea," repliod tho
conspicuously contented citizen; "but
it's impractical. If everybody were fo
move to Victoria our beautiful provinco
would bocomo overcrowded."
Established 1904
The Pickling
Puro Vinegnr is essential  with
which to mako good pickles.
Our Vinegar manufactured un
led government supervision.,
New season's Applo Cider will
bo ready Sept. 15 at our branch
factory, Vernon, B. C.
Also now B. C. Sauerkraut, made
from Lulu Island finest cabbage.
Vinegar Works
1305-7 Powell St. Vancouver, B.<
and Vernon, B, O.
Telephone at Vancouver,
High. 286
NABOB TEA comes to you
now in the new package—an
air-tight, lead-foil, paper
wrapper, inside of which is
an air-tight-parchment wrapper.
Double security from dust,
foul air or any other possible
contamination whatever.
This extra care is taken to
ensure no deterioration—to
ensure the original purity
and strength and quality of
NABOB. From the plantations to you tea cup NABOB
TBA is purity itself.
Your Grocer Sells
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B, O.
Unaquallad Vaudeville Muni
2:45, 7:20, 9:16     Season's prleu:
Matinee,   16c;   Evenings,   ISc,   26c.
Relics ttedn v5obc
Delivered to an; part ot the city.
Furniture and Pianos
Moved or Stored
at reasonable rates,
Phonos Soymoor 405, 605.  Night
and Sunday calls, Soy. 358D.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(McNeill, Welch * Wllion, Ltd.)
80 Pender St. W„ Vancouver, B.O.
Modern Residence
for Sale at a Snap
Or will exchange for farm land
near Blaine, Wash., on Canadian
side. For particulars write
Drawer 6, OJo B. 0. Federationist,
^nbor Templo, Vancouver, B. C.
Boots Will Be
Getting Hard Knocks j
for the next fow month;-. (
Inclement   weather   condition!   will   be   Becking
out the weak places  in j
inferior footwear.
The "Houso of Leckie"
first litiilt it'a enviable |
reputation on it's footwear for loggers, min-"
ers. farmer*, prospectors I
and othors whoso call- I
infra demanded t h e I
strongest kind of Boots. "
high grade materials,
for city and atreet woar I
are made of the aame I
imly, of coarse, on more I
refined tines,
'IN.before the
^name ^oesONl
.- that's a   i


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