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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 7, 1916

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EIGHTH YEAR.   N. £27_
First of Its Kind Ever Negotiated in Canada Says
the President
Effective Two Years from
June 1 — Membership
THE COMMERCIAL Telegraphers'
Union of America haa much reaaon
for gratification with Canadian Press
Local No. 52, embracing the Western
Associated Press division. To this local
belongs the distinction of having negotiated successfully the first Union shop
agreement' ever duly signed and sealed
in the Dominion of Canada, and what's
more, it is claimed by International
Preaident S. J. Konenknmp, Chicngo, to
bo "tho moat complete working "agreement in operation on the North American, continent."
Some of tbe Provisions.
The new ngreement, effective since
June 1 to June 1, 1916, calls for a union
shop; free typewriters; seniority; the
right of appeal; two weeks' annual vacation, nfter one yenr's continuous* service; an arbitration clause for all future
disputes; a sending operator's clause;
an eight-hour day, and a seven and a-
half-hour night, with a maximum wage
of $15 a week and a minimum wage of
$28 n week.
Full Text of Agreement,
So important is tho significance of the
new agreemont that Tho Pedorationist
quotes it in full:
Memorandum of agreement between
teh Western Associated Pross, Ltd., and
the Commercial Telegraphers' Union of
America, through its committee representing the telegraphors employed by
Western Associated Press, Ltd.
This agreement, mnde nnd entered
into this first day of June, IMG, by nnd
between Western Associated Press,
Ltd., through its authorized representative, party of the flrst part, and tho
subordinate unit of The Commercial
Telegraphers' Union of America, known
ns Canadian Press Local No. 52, Western Associated Press division, by its
committee duly nuthorized to net in it's
behalf, party of the second pnrt.
Witnesseth—1. That from and after
Juno 1, 191(1, the said party of the first;
part binds itBelf to tho employment in
it's telegraph service of competent telegraphers, who aro membera of the Commercial- Telegraphers 4 Union »t America, provided said union can f.irnish such
competent telegraphers as are necessary
for the business of the said party of the
flrat part; and agrees to respect and observe the conditions and scale of wages
of the aforesaid organization as incorporated in thiB agreement.
It is understood that this cause shnll
not apply to telegraphers in tho service
prior to the signing of this agreement.
2. It is agreed that typewriters shall
be furnished either by the newspapers
or Western Associated Press, Ltd., nnd
such typewriters shall be maintained
without any eost to tho telegraphers.
3. It is ngreed thnt telegraphers shall
not bo held responsible for the distribution of copies, making up of copy
books, cutting of paper, or the enre of
battery jars.
4. It iB agreed that, office facilities
permitting, telcgrnphers shall bc provided with n scpnrnte office, nt least
10x10, for their exclusive use, which
Bhall hnve nn outside window, electric
light and proper hent during cold
wen ther.
5. It is agreed thnt all telegraphers
in tho service working under this agreement nre in line for promotion. Other
things being equal, length of service
ahall govern in selecting men for promotion.
fl. It is ngreed thnt a cnmploto list
of the telegraphers in the service shall
be issued by the chief operator on Juno
30 and December 81 of oach year, showing the length of service of each telegrapher.
7. It is agreed thnt all vacancies nnd
permanent appointments immediately
will be bulletined by the chief operator
in a mcBsnge to nil telcgrnphers, nnd
one week nllowed for application to be
8. It is ngreed thnt' in enso of a reduction of HtnfT, the junior employee in
length of servico shnll be the first to be
dispensed with. If for any reason a
position at a given point shall be abolished or a transfer made necessary, the
telegrapher vacating the position shnll
hnvo the right to take the position held
by the junior telegrnpher in the service.
When a telegrnpher hns been forced to
transfer on account of the position being abolished he shnll be given tho first
opportunity to return to his former
plnco of employment in the event thnt
the service is renewed at that point.
Should the telegrnpher not care to take
the Junior position in the service he
Bhall have the first right to any new
position that ia crented.
9. It ib agrcod that two weeks' vacation, with full pay, shnll be granted to
each telegrapher after one year's continuous service. If it is found inconvenient for the manngement to grant
leave of ibsence during nny yonr to a
telegrapher entitled to it under thta
rule, the telegrapher Bhnll, nt' hia option,
receive either compensation at his regular salary for the period, or in tho next
year additional leave of absence for n
like period. One month's notice shall
be considered sufficient for any telegrapher doBiring n leave of absence.
10. It ia agreed that telegraphors do-
I Ing vacation or relief work ahall nof bo
obliged to pay their own transportation.
Transferring at thoir convenience telegraphers shall furnish their own trans-
j portntion.
11. It ia agreed that all telegraphera
I at Bending point's shall be required to
1 transmit the news in readnble Morse
characters and a rate of speed' that will
permit of accuracy on the part of the
f receiving telegraphera and be cnmpkti*
I ble with human endurance. All complaints of a Bender's incompetency by
the receiving telegraphers on any circuit shall be made to the official having
jurisdiction for investigation, and if
after such investigation the proof of the
sender's incompetency iB established,
the aender ahall be transferred to another position, as provided in the 8th
clause of this agreement. Telegraphers
at sending points shall be obliged to
spell. out the date Hne and first five
words of each new item and transmit all
12. It is agreed that no telegrapher
covered by this agreement shall be
transferred against his will, suspended
or* discharged without just cause. In
case a telegrapher ia transferred ngninst
his will, suspended or discharged for
reaaons which he may consider unjust,
he may refer the matter to the proper
officers for adjustment. If, upon investigation, the telegrapher is cleared of
the charges made against him he shall
be reinstated in his former position
without prejudice; receive full pay for
all lost time and be reimbursed for any
expense which he may have been forced
to incur connected with the investigation of such charges.
13. It is agreed that both the language and spirit of this agreement between Western Associated Press, Ltd.,
through its authorized representative,
party of the firBt part, and The Commercial Telegraphera' Union of America,
by its committee duly authorized to act
In it's behalf, pnrty of the second pnrt,
make it imperatively obligatory upon
both parties whenever any difference
of opinion as to the rights of the parties under this agreement shall arise,
to at once submit the question in dispute to nrbitrotion, the decision of the
arbitration board to be final and binding upon both parties.
14. It is agreed by the parties hereto
that the arbitrators referred to In the
thirteenth clause of thiB ngreement shall
consist of one person selected by each
of the parties hereto, the third to be
selected by the parties hereto, and that
the deciBiona rondered by the three ar-
bitYntors shnll be final, and binding
upon both pnrties to thiB contract.
Scale of Wages.
Montreal-Winnipeg Night Circuit—
Montreal, sending, $150 a month; Fort
William, receiving, $140 a month; Win
nipeg, receiving, $150 a month.
Minneapolis-Winnipeg Day Circuit—
Minneapolis, sending, $28 a week; Winnipeg, receiving, $28 a woek.
Winnipeg-West Circuits—Day, sending west, $20 a week; night, sending
west, $150 n month; Calgary, night receiving, $30 n week.
The minimum salary for all other.|
telegraphers shall be $28 a weok.
The rate for overtime on nil circuits
shall be 60 cents an hour; five minutes
or under not to bo considered; ten minutes to be considered as one-half hour.
Telegraphers shall not be obliged to
look to tho newspapers for tho payment
of overtime.
Nine hours shall constitute a day's
work on the Montreal-Winnipeg night
Either That or Stay Away
From the Polls On
September 14
Labor Candidates Will Be
Few During Coming
(Continued on Daffo 3}
British Workmen for Fighting Line While Others
Get the Jobs
One Competent Man Tends
Machines for Unskilled
of Both Sexes
[By Jas. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor.)
1 still appears to be causing trouble
in the British Isles, a news item in the
daily press indicating that n strike has
occurred in Vickers, Barrow in Furness,
and thut tho government is using the
Defence of tho Realm net to break tho
Coincidently, one of the machinists
who went over with the crowd recruited
in Canada by G. N. Barnes, M. P., called
to seo the writer, nnd as he hnd been
employed nt Vickers, ho was ablo to
describe conditions in that plant, in
the neighborhood of 30,000 people nro
employed, including a great mnny women, theso being used to opernto lathes,
four or five being under the supervision
of one renl machinist, who grinds the
tools, examines tho work nnd keeps the
lathes in condition. Whon my informant went to Vickers, twelve months
ngo, thero woro but 25 or 30 lathes engaged in shell work, but this number
hits been incrensed to 3500, nil working
24 hours a dny nnd this accounts, in a
smnll mensuro, for the abundance of
sheila with which the Allies now seem
to be supplied.
With conscription in force in Eng-
lnnd, a great' deal of antagonism is being caused through the continued employment in the Vickers works of 1000
or more Belgians of military age, while
tho mnrried Britishers are being compelled to go to the front, n somewhat
similor condition to thnt prevailing in
British Columbia, where the whites are
enlisting nnd their jobs nre being given
to Asiatics and Austrlans, the latter
masquernding ns Serbinns,
Groat surprise was expressed nt the
apparent lack of enthusiasm among
British workmen as compnrod with
those of Cnnndn and the other British
dominions, the workmon over there not
accopting the story nbout the war being
caused by a strong dosiro to protect the
"Poor Belgians,(' the latter being regarded about in the same light as the
Asiatics are in Western Canada.
Ab Btrnngo ns it may Bcom Vnncouver
has not had a tag day this week. It is
nbout tho firBt weok sinco tho outbreak
of the war that the pnBserby upon tho
Btreeta has eacaped thc infliction of
being importuned fnr alleged charitable
nurposes, by audaucious fcmnles, ranging in nge from the tender chicken
stage to tho tough antique. Vancouver
is a dull place now. But come to think
of it, there is a Saturday yet to come
before the week ends and the skies may
THERE WILL BE an election in thia
province between now and Dec. 14.
There will be Conservative and Liberal
candidates, no doubt, in every riding in
the province. At the present moment
there ia no assurance that there will be
a Labor candidate in the field outaide
of the Fort George constituency. John
Mclnnis will be tho candidate there. It
ia not a pleasing task to record the
manifest indifference of the workers of
the province to the matter of Labor representation at Victoria. As far as organized labor ia concerned, there seems
to be a complete lack of interest in the
matter. This can only be accounted for
upon the assumption that tho workera
consider themselves as having no interest in matters of government, or else
have faith that the political selections
of their maBtera will prove better custo-
diana of working class welfare than
those of their own choosing.
Vancouver Island .Prospects.
As to whether Jack Place is to ran
again or not, in Nunnimo, is uot yet
known. The same may be Baid in regard to Parker Williams, in the Newcastle district. In either case, it will
not make much difference, anyway, ns
neither has made any very sturtling
showing, from a Labor standpoint. It
is rumored that a combination has already been fixed up for the purpose of
beating them, in case they do run. As
poor excuses as they may be as Labor
representatives, they ure not sufficiently
so to warrant support at the hands of
those well-known friends of Labor, thc
conservatives and liberals. On the con
trnry, they will be aB cheerfully turned
down aB though they were of tho most
dangerous type. It iB noted that the
social-democrats of Victoria are making
an effort to raise funds enough to place
two or three men in the field, but
whether they are to bc clnsscd as real
Labor men, or merely dreamers nnd
seekers of justice, rcmnins for the fu
tt.ire to disclose. As to the balance of
the province, nothing is known. Wheth
er there is nny disposition to question
the .present policy of dealing with Labor
alia Labor tuEuirs'br not) remains amys-
Labor's Opportunities.
It is doubtful if there exists a more
favorable field for the entry of Labor
representation into the affairs of government, than right here in British Columbin. The majority of voters belong
to the rnnks of wage earners. It mny
be that a good many of them are not
registered, but thnt is no one's fault but
their own. If the working class vote
was turned to tho account, of electing
working clnss representatives, it is a
foregone conclusion thnt capitalist property would soon find itself very much
shy of that parliamentary support that
is so vitally necessary to its very existence. That the workers of this province
nro making such poor use of such n favorable opportunity-for Lnbor to UBtfamo
active and commanding participation in
the afFaivs of government, should bring
unadulterated joy to tlie hearts of tho
labor-skinners, and it, no doubt, does.
But so long ns the workers are afflicted
with such dull and apathetic indifference to their own welfare and interest,
thc tribe of labor-skinners is safe.
Election Day, September 14.
From later advices it is learned Hint
tho provincial election will be held on
September 14. This will allow but n
triflo over two months in which the
labor men of B. C. must make preparations to participate in that event, if
they wish to do so upon any other line
than that of their masters' interests.
Judging from present indications, even
that limited time will be ample, for
there is nothing, slow about labor, nothing at all.
the und^e burden of having to engage
and pay for the services ofymen recruited privately and to have them
commissioned as deputies by the civil
. authorities. In the nature of things
these private forces are without efficient military training, as at Youngs-
town, Ohio, in Pennsylvania and elsewhere. In the single month of October, in 1913, the meagre military force
of four separate states were required
in the field against labor, in Calumet,
Mick; in Indianapolis and in Colorado
and West Virginia.
'' In view of theae facts, we urge all
buBinesa men, whether affiliated with"
this league or not, to spare no effort
to further the idea of -preparedness;
and it ia doubly important that all
employers take advantage of thia opportune time to solicit personally
their loyal and dependable employees
to join the militia of their several
"In this entire matter, business
men should be sensible of the advantages to be had from mllitnry training
in point of greater discipline and efficiency of the work people for their
ordinary civil employment. Every
employee returning from training
camp or militia drill will forthwith
show himself more obedient and faithful, and the trouble-maker will disappear. ''
Clinching Evidence,
If further confirmatory evidence Is
required, the following from the edit'o-
rail columns of the Newark, N. J., Evening News might help somewhat:
"If this country had universal military service, then the nation would
bc fully protected against ar general
railway strike, as against any other
crippling of interstate commerce. For
in that case the railway employees
could be called to the colors as they
were in France a few years ago by
Minister Briand. And that may yet
be the final solution here, ub it was
Even a workingman should be able to
understand that'.
The Sort of Milk Contained
in the Preparedness
Something for the Workers
to Think Over Before
THE NATURE of the milk inside of
the ''preparedness'' cocoanut is
convincingly set forth in tho following
circular, which wnB distributed during
the preparedneBB parado in Senttlo recently. The circular waa issued by the
Pacific CoaBt Business Men's Preparedness league.   Here it is:
"In the general apprehension for
greater preparedness to cope with
foreign nations, it is believed that a
necessity fully as grave and serious
is boing overlooked or at least grently
minimized, and that is thc need for
an adequate military establishment to
act as a civil police force,
"Due to lack of sufficient militia,
business mon in the United States
have frequently  been  placed under
(So Vuewnrl
Valuable Light Thrown on
Life of Industrial
Naval Service Is a Pleasing
and Soft Snap in
Rossland Miners Compelled
to Violate Law Under
Minister's Nose
Time Union Men Undertook
to Set An Example for
All Parties
T3ILUL. THE .Bti3SLA,Nj) Miner'a
* union membership is intimidated by
the mine managers of that city, is the
allegation made thia week to Thc Federationist by u correspondent, who is himself a bona fide miner and fearful lest
his name be mado public, because it
would mean the Iosb of his job. He
statea that not only are tho miners of
Hossland unable to bring Hon. Lome
Campbell, provincial minister of mines,
to time for permitting gross violations
of the Eight-hour Day act for metalliferous miners at the Britannia and
othor coast mines, li.it that in Hossland
itself, right under the nose of the minister and the mine inspector, the law is
being similarly violated by the niino
managers—and incidentally by tho
union miners themselves. Here is the
story, ns told by the miner correspondent himself:
The Rossland Miner's Letter.
ROSSLAND, B. C, June 21».—I have
read in your issue of June 23, that the
Britannia mines violate tho Eight-hour
Day net. You nlso state the organized
miners of Rossland will bc asked to find
out why. I beg to stnte we are in the
same fix here—at the sent of fho Hon.
Mr. C'nmpbell. Miners nre in the mines
over nine hours per dny, from bank to
bank, with a wage of $4 for machine
men and $3.50 for muckers, and no sign
of any furthor ndvance.
Miners Dare Not Openly Protest.
There is not n union man in Rossland
dure ask Mr. Campholl anything, for
fear he is told to quit.
"Company" Store vs. Garnishee.
You also speak abo-.it tho compnny
stores. Now, in Rossland you ran Itavo
all the credit you want, but ns soon as
the store keeper wants his money ho
goes and gi.rnisheos one's wages. And
one is not served with nny writ or summons to attend court nor is ono nllowed
thc $4(1 ns exempted by law. One- has
to scratch and live ns best one enn until
the creditor's garnishee nnd costs of
the court are paid for,
300 Garnishees to Prevent Strike.
I hnvflybecn informed by nn official
of the Miner's union that a few weeks
ngo over 300 garnishees were issued because they feared n strike over (lie
wage question. Whnt do you think of
this for a city run by tho Hon. Bowser
crew? It 'b best known bb Rossland thc
garnishee city. As soon as ono gets a
job hero ono has to pay a city tax. J
myself had to pay $4 within five
THE UNITED STATES naval authorities are now using some most convincing arguments to induce young men
to join the navy. Among the most convincing ia to be found in a poster setting forth a comparison of the conditions existing in civil life and those
obtaining in the navy. The truth is
said to often come forth from "the
mouths of babes and sucklings." It is
qUite evident.that it also may express
itself through the medium of naval posters, but the mystery of it all is, how
in the world any naval authority could
get by with ao much truth aa is contained in the following, and still hold
office as an apologist and defender of
the Bystem of industry ao bitterly condemned. No more scathing condemnation of preaent industrial conditiona is
requisite to give warrant for the abolition of the syatem of property that
makea such conditions, not only possible
but inevitable, than ia contained in the
aforesaid poster, which reads as follows:
Young man, think over what you
have NOW and whnt' promise the FUTURE holds out for you; then lenrn
what the navy offers you. Check up
ench and every item in thc two columns
which follow; compare each item in the
civil lifo column with the opposite item
in the navy column—then judge which
column sums up higher.
In Civil Life. In tha Navy.
1. Jobfl uncer* I 1, Stendy and
tain, strikes, lay- | healthy einploy-
offB, sickness. | ment,    with    good
2. Promotion and
advancement uncertain and slow.
3. Favp r i t i s m
and partiality frequently shown.
4. Pay small and
limited while
learning a trade.
5. Same old, monotonous grind
every dny.
0, Stuffy, gloomy
2. Promotion quick
—sure for deserving men.
3. No unfairness
or preference; the
best man wins.
4. Pny good, with
chance to lenrn a
useful trade.
5. Travel education,      knowledge,
 „, o      ,■ . change of scene.
unintereating wor-|   fi. Fresh air, sun,
king place. I sen; clean, health-
7. When    sick j f„it nthletic life,
your    pay    stops | -7, when 8iek, pay
nnd   doctor's   bill|goos on; doctor ana
startB. hospital free.
8. If disabled or |   s. If you are dis-
injMred,    you    re-1 nhlcd   you   get   a
ceivo little or no | generous pension,
pny. I   P. Tf yon die. six
9. If you die, I months' pny goes
your family got | to your 'family
only whnt you | with a liberal pen
have   saved   from j Bjon.
your small wages, j   10.   Your pay is
10. Little  clear | olenr money: no ex-
money;  nearly nil Iponso or outlay ox-
your pay goes for | cevt for clothing,
living expenses.     |   H.   After   thirty
11. Old ago, Biok-[ years' service, re-
ness, little money I tirement' on three-
saved, your job | fourths pny, plus
goes to a younger I $15,76 for allow*
and   more   active Innces.
man, j
An the best part of the joke is contained in thi fnct that the navy is calculated for the vory purpose of defending and perpefnnting the conditions
of civil life, so scathingly outlined in
the poster. The capitalists should more
carefully muzzle their dogs ngninst th'e
blurting out of truths that ought to bo
kept covered.
Western Canada Typo. Conference.
Vice-president Chas, Ryan, of local
KM, Winnipeg, was elected last Snturdny to attend the Western Canada conference of Typographical unions as a
fraternal delegate from thnt place. The
conference is to be held noxt Thursday,
Friday nnd Saturday (the week of the
big fnir) at Edmonton.
first division—those to be called up firat
—are the men aa stated above, while
the second division takes in all other
men—married and with families. The
country has the right, under the law, to
call up the first division, and any claas
of the second division as soon as desirable. From the men called up, the
number required for' the forces overseas
will be selected by lot. Tbis selection
will be made by the government statistician in the presence of a court jhidge
—both of whom are exempt from the
provisions of the new law.
The government, as Boon aa the lot is
taken, will summon the selected men tb
the colors, and if they fail to go, ther
will be classed as deserters and so dealt
Induitrlal Conscripts.
Should a man selected be found to be
medically unfit, he may be used for
military service at home, or sent back
to the claas from which he was called.
In other words, he will be then an industrial conscript. The men selected
have the right to appeal against being
selected on the ground that his present
work demands his attention. This is a
clause that will be highly useful fo the
moneyed claas> and which we presume
will be availed of to the fullest extent,
ns is the caae in all conscript countries.
Peremptory Power Given.
When the men are selected, they must
join the colors within 14 days. The
penalty for failure to do thiB is a fine
of $50, or a month of jail life, after
which the person will then be compelled
to go to the front. Those using a wrong
name for tbe purpoae of evading enrolment are liable to a fine of $250 or
three montbs in jail, while persons wilfully deceiving the board with intent to
interfere with the military operations
are liable to five-years' imprisonment.
Employers employing unenrolled men
are liable to a fine of $100 to (500—but
no jail is specified for the boas aa an alternative. Added to this, it must be
noted that thc police have full power to
arrest n mnn suspected with evading
the act without a warrant.
Collective Revolt Threatened.
The writer is prevented from writing
as he would like, but it haa been openly told to the government of New Zealand, by the various trades unions, that,
if tho law is put into notion there will
be an Industrial revolution of the workers. The same has been snid in Australia. The bill itself states quite clearly
that industrial conscription is pnrt of
the business—even if it is not admitted
in so many words.
Trades unionists in New Zealand are
making an appeal to tho government to
stay its hnnd, and ao prevent the industrial revolution thnt is euro to come
when the flrst unionist is asked to join
the colors unde# tho now arrangement.
What is worrying thc writer most is
whether they will be nble to build jails
quick enough to house all tho objectors
to conscription in New Zealand. Per-
hapB the unionists may even refuse to
build jails.
New Conscription Law Even
More Drastic Than in
Great Britain
SUNDAY, July 0,—Stage Employees; Musicians.
MONDAY, July 10.—Amalgamated Engineers; Patternmakers;
Electrical WorkerB, No. 213;
Bro, Loco. EnginoerB; Street
Railwnymen's executive.
TUESDAY, July 11.—Stone Cutters; Pressmen; Bnrbcrs.
WEDNESDAY, Juy 12.—Stereotypes; Streot Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, July 18,-r-HOHfi-
shoers; Sheet Metal Workers;
Milk Wagon Drivers,
FRIDAY, July 14.—Machinists.
Industrial Clause Added to
Military Measure With
Severe Penalties
[By W, Frnncia Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Juno 8.—(Spocinl
to The Fcdorationist.)—By tho timo
theso words roach your readers, conscription will bc tho law of tho land in
Now Zealand — the sister dominion of
Australia. Thc act in itself is even
more drastic than the conscription net
of Englnnd. It will proclaim that on a
date to bc stated later on, nil boys and
singlo mon and widowers, without children, between thc ages of 18 afld 45,
will bo deemed to bo automat iceflyTnT-
listed. The only exemptions are men
who aro not British subjects, or men
already serving tho colors, nnd mon imprisoned for a term of over, .ono yoar, or
inmates of a lunatic asylum.
Thore arc two reserves, called  the
"first" and "second" divisionB.   Tho
Half-yearly Report of Association Shows Results
of Co-operation
Australians Keenly Alive to
Motive and Meaning
of Militarism
Labor Governments Active
In Planning for the
A. J. Wilson Urges Members
to Support Medical Attendance Ass'n.
[By J. E. G.]
We were honored at our last meeting
by having with us Mr. A. J. Wilson,
who waa for many years with the B. C.
E. R., and who has in thc years past
taken a vory active pnrt in the work of
our association. Mr. Wilson camo as a
delegute from Pioneer Medical Attend*
ance association, of whicli ho is president, and was tendered a hearty reception by our members. His mission was
to try nnd arouse a little more enthusiasm in the members of tho Medical Attendance. Ho made an eloquent appeal
for 0 big meeting on July 14, tho date
of the next Benii-nnnunl meeting, when
matlers of vital importance to nil,
whether they belong to the Medical As-
socintion or not, will be dealt with.
Brothers! try and keep July 14 open for
this meeting, Thero nro only two meel-
Ings each yoar thnt you nre particular*
ly rcquoatcd to attond. The rest of the
business is bundled by a board of management, and it is.up to us to give them
n litle more encouragement thnn we
have in tho post.
Sick Benefit Association.
For tho benefit of thoso brothers thnt
do not know, we would like to tell of
thd good work accomplished by tho British Columbia Electric Employeea' Sick
Benefit association. This subsidiary
concern of Pioneer Dlv. 101 has just
issued its half-yearly report of the
benefits pai dont for the period Jan. 1
to June ,'J0, 1010. Total amount paid nut
wns $842, divided among thc 51 members who received sick benefits during
tho period stated above. This averages
out nt nearly two nnd a half weeks' of
sickness for each beneficiary, the lowest
being soven days, and tho highest ten
weekB. It i» interesting to note thnt
the months of Jan. and Feb. claim tho
greatest number of sick cases, theso being tbo months of the severe weather.
In January 18 members reeolved benefits, while Fobruaty hit ub a little hnr*
dor with 15 members, and gradually getting less each month until only Four
members wero sick in June. Now,
brothers, thiB sick benefit proposition is
something that you cannot afford to be
without. Boing i-un on an assessment
basis, tho cost por member is next to
nothing. For the small sum of 25c per
month you can be assured of nn income
during n Btck spell.
When a woman borrows trouble she
insists on paying It bock threo or four
times over.
Don't "wait fnr tho othera." Others
are waiting for yon. Somo must be
among the firBt—why not youf
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., June 8.—(Special
. to The Federationist.)—The Trades
and Labor councils, sitting simultaneously in nearly every Australian state,
followed by a huge Non-Conscription
Conference at the seat of government,
having declared that the conscription 61
workera in Australia wo. Id. not be tolerated, has evidently put the quietus on
thiB conscription scheme, for the present
at least. Prior to the action of theie
bodies, numerous deputations of repre*
scntatives of various vested interests,
waited upon the government urging conscription. The action of the labor bod*
iea, however, had its effect. Right upon
the heels of such action the government
definitely announced that no conscription
measures would be put through. That
the conferences had declared that any
member of parliament that voted for,
or otherwise supported conscription,
would be turned down at the next election, apparently had its effect. Those
wbo fancy, however, that the clamor for
conscription has been silenced-forever,
will, sooner or later, find themselves in
error. Like Banquo's ghost, it will not
down, so long as there is a robber claas
left in human society.
The Cat Out of the Bag.
The real motive lying behind the conscription scheme is not that of getting
men for the battlefront in Europe, so
much ns it is for tho purpose of shack* j
ling the workera to the industrial battlefront in Australia. The cat was neatly, though accidentally, let out of the
bag by one of the brilliant Conservative leaders, recently, who said that
"we must have a complete organisation
of the men—industrial aB well aa military." The workers are beginning to
understand just wbat this meana and
are not disposed to stand for having
the coarse wool pulled over their eyes,'
as it has been pulled over the eyes of
their fellow-workers in the dear old
"motherland." Once chained to tho industrial chariot wheel of their masters
through conscription, these Australian
workers know whnt a terrible struggle
would-he forced upon them'in order fo
break these chains and regain even the
few liberties they now enjoy. Tbey are,
therefore, determined to hang on fo
what they already hnve, no matter how
persistently the political drummers of
tho houBo of fat mny attempt to euchre
them out of it.
To Aid Returned Soldiers.
The federal government of Australia
is now making provision for soldiers
who will return from the front. Pensions ure to be provided up to $7.50
per week, ond money is to be nllottod
for the purpose of enabling them to settle upon the bind. A fund hns been
started for this purpose, called the Returned Soldiers' fund. Contributions
aro to he invited from the moneyed people. Thc government' has made a first
contribution of $1,250,000. In New
South Wnles, quite npart from tho federal government, thc stnte has allotted
enough bind to settle 5000 soldiers. A
fund hns nlso been established in New
South Wales for the purpose of aiding
tho returned soldiers. The state Lnbor
government, however, proposes to go
still further. The returned soldiers nro
to bo divided into threo classes—those
permanently disabled, thoso pnrtinlly
disabled and those fit and well. The
permanently disabled will get the fedc-
rnl pension of $7.50 per week, and tho
state of New South Wales proposea to
provido him with a house free of oil
cost, or a permanent home in the Invalided Soldiers' Homo of tho state (this
depends on whether ho is married or
single). The partially disabled will got
a federal pension up to $5 per week.
Under the N?w South Wnles scheme his
pension will be mado up to his earnings
beforo going to tho war. Tn the enso
of thoso who are fit in every way to return to their previous employments, tho
state will mako nn appeal to thc employers to assist the government to re-
plnco them in their previous jobs. Failing this the state government will seo
that they do not stnrve, ponding tho
securing of other employment.
Governmental Common Sense.
Tho Now South Wales govornment
proposes to set aside a reserve of 5,000,-
000 acres of land for afforestation purposes, It is intended to plant indigenous hardwoods as tho planting of softwoods is already woll under wny. Within a month, the premier nnnounced, tho
first stato sawmill will be under way.
The liquor business is to be brought
under state control by nationalizing tho
industry. This will enable consumers of
beers nnd spirits to get pure and unadulterated goods.
A Trip to Canadian Farmera.
The Australian governmont schemo of
handling tho wheat crop, is now well
undor wny, 1,500,000 tons having already boen sold to various countries of
tho world. The lnrgost individual Bale
in Australian history wns mado recently—250,000 tons. Tho governmont returns to tho farmor tho full price' re*
ceived for tho wheat, less the actual
cost of freight and handling. It. is figured that tho Australian farmera will
receive, under tho govornment scheme,
about $1.44 per bushel for their wheat
this year. Will the Canadian workers
and farmers evor tako n tumble to
themselves and tho tricks that nro play-
od upon themf For thc sake of the
houie of fat, it is to bo hoped that thoy
will not.
Evory union man in Vancouver should
insist upon having a union man deliver
milk to hiB household. See that he
wears the button for the current quarter. PAGE TWO
...JULY 7,1916
96 Branches In Cuada
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
Assots $88,000,000
Deposit ii   48,000,000
The  Most  Convenient   of  All
Small Investments
The Bank of Toronto will accept
deposits of $1.00 and upwards. A
pass-book showing the amount of
your balance will be given you
when you make your first deposit. Tou have then a Bank Account, to which you can add or
from which you ean withdraw at
any time. Interest is paid on
Paid up capl'al     5,000,000
Reserve fund        8,480,882
Corner Hastlngi and Gambia Sta.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
2:45, 7:80, 0:15    Season's Prlcea:
Matinee,   15c;   Evening!,   15c,   26c.
Increase Your Hiuband's
Every woman ean increaie her husband's salary; all she has to do ie to
nee good Judgment when purchasing
anything for the home. Every* time yoa
save money on a piece of furniture
yoa are that much better off. We
gladly Invite yoa to come In and In*
apeot same.   Cash or easy payments.
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN BT. Phone: Fair. 117
llo menGobc
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry.     British   Columbia
Orants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Settlers—
TEltMH—Residence on thc land
for at least three yours; improvements to the extent of $5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least live acres.
For furthor Information apply to
Published every Friday morning by tha B. O.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Office:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; In Vaneoaver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
NuW Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert \V. E. Donning, Box 581
Victoria A. S. Wella, Box  1588
"Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World"
AT EACH EECU1UUNG election tho
cry goes up, "whnt tlie country
needs  is  a business  administration. "    As the entire productive and
distributive process of modern society
is carried on solely
WANTED, A for  business  pur-
BUSINESS poses,   it'   i*   not
ADMINISTRATION, easy to see what
other sort of an
administration would be possible. Tlie
affairs of government must, of necessity,
bo conducted upon the suine lines, and
for the same p'arposo us the business institution from which it springs und
whose instrument it is. Now the Dominion government, ns well us ench of
tho various provincial governments, is
made up almost exclusively of business
men. There are very few members of
theso governments, who by nny stretch
of thc imagination, can be classed otherwise. A very large proportion, if not
an absoluto majority, of them are lawyers. As it is a fact that every business
man has to rely largely upon the advice
of some legal light, in order to stand
any chance of successfully steering his
craft through tho turbulent sens of
trade and commerce, that are literally
swarming with similaT piratical cruft on
similar purpose bent, it would be presumed that governments made Up largely of legal sharps, would, per se, prove
to be business administrations, par excellence. No more thnn n cursory examination into the recent history of
these vnrious governments is necessary
to ahow them true to the business type.
* *       *
The mind of thc average mnn has
been so filled with wnr stuff for the past
two yenrs that his memory can reach no
farther back than tho breaking out of
the great conflict. It is not' necessary,
however, to go farther bnck thnn that
to recall a number of very interesting
nnd illuminating pnges of Canadian history that throw an invaluable light
upon the thoroughly business character
of federnl nnd provincial governments.
They nlso afford ample testimonial "to
the business qualifications of various
members of these bodies, some of whom
havo had thc sagacity to recognize the
knock of opportunity at tho door and
the courage to go forth and grab her,
whilo tho grabbing was good. Tako
that little affair down in Nova Scotin,
for instance, thut Mr. Cnrvell uncovered
at the last session of the house, commonly known as tho "hay exposures."
In tho purchase of hay for the government, in connection with war operations,
it seems thnt certain business patriots
got their work in most profitably tb
themselves, whilo at tho same time doing their country, good. Of courso, the
howl nbout this good stroko of business
came from those who did not get in on
tho hay. In evory sense of the word, it
wns a good stroke of business, and was
carried out under a strictly business
men's administration. It will also bo
remembered how tho premier of Now
Brunswick wns cnlled upon to resign,
not long sinco, becauso of certain scandalous proceedings in regard to tribute
lovied upon tho lumber interests, on account of campaign expenses. Of course,
everybody knows that it takes money to
run election campaigns, just ns well as
it takes money to buy whisky. But it
seems that tho lumber interests wanted
somo other interests to pny the bill, instead of themsclvoB. Hence the kick,
which nlso is business. In fact fhe
wholo thing was business, pure and unadulterated. And it wns all conducted
by business men.
* *      *
Quebec has had its quota of graft disclosures, and some of thc officials of tho
city of Montreal are, even now, in jail
for crooked work and corrupt practice,
in connection with city affairs. "Not
that their work was any moro crooked
and dishonest than that of ordinary,
everyday business pructicc, but thoy offended certain business interests that
were sufficiently powerful to bo able to
put the cinch on them. Ontario haB become famous for election scandals and
sharp business trickery in connection
with dredging contracts, powor and
other public franchises. All of which
has boen mndo possible by tho actions
of business men, undor an administrn-
tion of, by and for, business men. Tlie
excellent stroko of business dono by
Kelly and his nsBocintes, in Manitoba,
under a Conservative governmont, is a
matter of current comment. Evidently
tho Conservatives saw that tlio rich
pickings gathered in counoction with
tho Kelly contracts were to bo disclosed
by some portion of the business world
that failed to got itB fingers into the
pie. With a commendablo business sn-
gncity they slipped out of power and
turned the reinB of authority over to
their liberal kinsmen to deal with tho
delicious muss. But it is nil business,
every bit of it. Tho rood building
scnndals in Saskatchewan bring tho
splendid trail of business administration that much farther weBt. That
many milos of road wore cunningly projected and paid for out of tho provincinl treasury, that were never built nt
all, goes to show that the true business
instinct is us strong, and as readily responsive to favorable conditions, in the
wild and wooly west as in the effete
* *      *
Across Alberta the trail of business
and business administration is chiefly a
railway track. There is nothing to speak
of in the province but guileless agriculturists to bo trimmed and railway interests to do the trimming. Tho footprints
of "Bill and Dan," of C. N. R. notoriety, may be frequently noticed along
the trnil, of recent years. Tho administration is an exact epitome of tho business of railway piracy. In British Columbia, the railways nre ably assisted
iu the trimming process by the mining,
lumbering and fishing interests, whicli it
might bo well to note are all practically
controlled by the big railway sharks.
Though the Alberta government is liberal, while that of British Columbia is
conservative, the distinction is without a difference. All the powers of a
business administration, in either province, is brought to bear benefloinlly
upon thc business affairs of the big corporations that dominate the situation.
That tlieir political tools uro not entirely devoid of proper qualifications to
enable them to tako part in a business
administration, is shown ,by their aptitude in harvesting a little profit for
themselves, as occasion may offer. Thnt
is thc fire tost of business ability. If
half the stories told of the present government gnng in this province are true,
it is made up of the ablest business talent on top of the carfh. Not only aro
the big business interests safe in its
hands, but tho individuals in the government seem to be well fed and wear a
contented nppearance that would infer
thnt the laborer is notonly worthy of
his hire, but' is getting it.
* *      *
What is this precidus thing called
business, nny wny? It is nothing but
the exploitation of labor and the disposal of the plunder resulting therefrom.
Tho getting of something for nothing.
The getting of it and the hanging onto
it afterwards, is all there is to business.
That a business administration is required to supervise the process, is self-
evident. Government must be the living
expression of that from which it
springs. It can have no other motive;
it can obey no other mandate. That" individuals holding office in governments,
should have an eye for tho mnin chance
and seize a little swag for themselves
occasionally, is the most natural and
logical thing in tho world. In doing so
they merely respond to that business
instinct that is the most noticeable asset
?f our times. Thnt the federal adminis-
ration is also a business one, containing
numerous experts along that line, is
shown by the shell and fuse investigations recently made. It will no longer
be necessary to proclaim that n business
administration is wanted, for we have
it all along tho line now.   Glory be.
some of thoso who have been deprived
of their liberty through the action of
theso precious "tribunals." They are
to bo "imprisoned in civilian prisons in
the United Kingdom." The prisons of
tho United Kingdom ure largely inhabit
ted already by similar conscientious objectors, who will not consent to commit
murder at tho word of authority.
* *       *
Up to Juno 8 tho number of "conscientious objectors" in France was 50.
These were all resisting military orders,
and many of them were in field punishment barracks. They will undoubtedly
either bo shot, or returned to Britain
prisons. Tho Labor Leader of June 8
regrets that the number of arrests and
court-martial has become so great that
it is no longer possiblo to publish the
names of all who havo been arrested and
sentenced. Up to tho ond of tho previous week, 8(!0 had been arrested an'd
turned over to the military. Two hundred hnd been court-ninrtialled. Of
these six had been released until called
up again, 81 had been released on account of ill-health, and 1-1 for unknown
reasons. Tho balance of the SOO hnd
yet to pass through tho mill.
* *       *
Not a word in regard to theso proceedings is allowed to disturb the House
of Commons excopt it is dragged dut
through tho persistence of some Labor
member, who has the courage of his
convictions. Very scant mention is
made by the daily presB of anything
touching upon this matter. The information regarding tho 34 soldiers at tho
front, was drugged out' of the parliamentary Under-Secretary for war, by some
member of tho house. Just how such an
item of news happened to paBS the censor is a mystery. Should much of such
matter be allowed to come through, it
might, in a way, have some effect upon
recruiting. If ono-half nf what is going
on in the Old Country along this lino
were known, it sure would.
BY AN ACT of the British parliament, any subject of the United
Kingdom is exempt from military
service,   providing ,110  affirms  thnt  he
has a conscientious objection to such
service.   This act is
AS IT IS   i quite in line with thc
DONE IN long-established Brit-
BRITAIN. isU conception of tho.
limitations necessary
to bo placed upon tho powors of the
stato, in order to safeguard the "liberty
of tho subject." It requires a somewhat elastic imagination to bo equal to
the task of conjuring up nny liberty
that a subject can possibly have, but us
it is a popular British fnncy that such
liberties do exist, it is, perhaps, better
to concede the point thnn to argue it.
That there are not a fow British
subjects who do havo consccientious objections to killing thoir fellow men, juat
because some one elso orders them to do
so, is a fact that is beyond dispute.
Thero nre many such. But whether
thero-bo mnny or few, the fact ntill remains that if such persons aro to be
forced to take the lives of their fellow
beings, not only in violation of conscience and the most cherished religious
and ethical convictions, but also in utter
deflnnce of the very law that has, ostensibly, been placed upon the Btafute
books to safeguard them against being
forced to commit such an infamy, thoso
who are responsible for so forcing them
nro plncing a brand upon thomselves,
alongside of which the brand upon
Cnin's brow might be properly considered as a mark of raro merit, in comparison. At least Cain went out upon bis
own responsibility and committed tlie
dnmnablo act of murder. Whether Tio
did violence to his own conscienco, or
not, of ono thing wo mny be sure. Ho
did not rnpe tho conscienco of another.
Ho did not compel somo clonn tMnHng
and honorable person to go forth nnd
murder somebody against whom ho had
neither grudge, nor ill-fooling-. He went
out and did tho dirty work himself,
and it is pleasing to not'o that bo is
roundly denounced and execrated for it
even to this day.
* * ♦
Tho daily press of Juno 27 mentioned
that 34 soldiers at the front, having
stated they entertained consciontio-Ms
objections to military servico wero sentenced to death recently for refusing to
perform certain military duties, but tho
sentences have been commutted to penal
servitude," Thoso who hnvo boen following proceedings in tho Old Country,
through tho nccounts that nro given in
tho columns of tho Lnbor press, know
full woll what this all means. Dozens
of conscientious objectors to military
Borvico havo been drnggod beforo tho
"tribunnls," that have boon sot up for
the purpose, nnd thctr objections overridden and thoy have beon thrown info
gnol and eventually tlurnod over to tlie
military authorities to bo forced to'-do
service. Many of them havo boon sent
to Franco and havo not boon hoard ol
by their friends since, Tho porBonn referred to aa having boon given sentences of penal servitude, aro no doubt
railway brotherhoods of this continent have for somo timo been in
conference with the railway managers,
over the matter of tho eight-hour day in
railwny service,  and
WHAT the granting of some
THEY ARE further concessions to
LOYAL TO. tho men in the wuy
of increased pay for
overtime. Tho result of such negotiations not being satisfactory, tho matter
of calling a strike to enforce the demands, was ut Inst put to thc voto of
the membership of thc unions. Tho
Federationist understands thnt tho Canadian unions belonging to the brothorhoods declined to vote upon the proposition, owing to tho fact that the
I country was engaged in wnr. Presum-
j ably it wns thought possible thnt n
j strike, if such an alternative was found
necessnry, might interfere with the
smooth working of military schemes nnd
prearatioiiB, and thus jconrdizo the
chances of ultimate victory. Evidently
loyalty to empire was tho first consideration, and right nobly did these wage
slave patriots rise to tho occasion.
* #       *
Under dnto of June 30 thc daily press
published tho account of tho earnings of
the C. P. R. for the eleven months end
ing with Muy 31. Though tho gross
business for thut period wus $10,000,000
below the high record of 1912-13, yet
the not profits for the period were nearly #3,000,000 above the largest total for
the same period in the history of the
compnny. Compared with May of Inst
yoar, the gross earnings showed nn increase of over $3,200,000. The not earnings wore $1,929,000 greater than for
Mny, 1915. In nil tho history of corporate capital, never was such a golden
opportunity offered for tho gathering of
profit as has beon afforded by this war,
Nover beforo wus such enormous swag
garnered in so short a timo. That tbe
phenomenal "earnings" of the C. P. R.
havo been lnrgely due to war conditions
is a matter beyond dispute. Tho haul-
ago of soldiers nnd other military supplied, is no small factor in throwing tho
bnlnnce to tho right side of the ledger.
Tho increased chnrgos for trnnsportn-
tion that hnvo como in conscquonco of
tho war, also help some. Thero is no
intention of referring to tho C. P. R. ns,
in any manner, different from other concern, in this respect. They are nil alike.
With equal zeal do thoy nil patriotically
riso to tho occasion of making "hay
while tho snn shines." Tlio millions of
swag thoy gather during tho hours of
tho nntion 'b agony, ropreBontB tho sum
total of thoir sacrifice upon her altar,
From one ond of Cnnndn to the other,
onch corporation nnd individual business mnn is straining evory nerve to
reap tho harvest whilo the renping afforded by tho wur, is good.
* ♦      •
Tho railway brotherhoods of Canada
aro welcome to the consolation that tho
loyalty that they cxproBsod by rofuBing
to vote upon matters vital to thoir own
welfaro, was only loyalty to tho opportunity of their conscienceless and unscrupulous masters to profit to the utmost, out of the present world cataclysm, a cataclysm that is costing tbo
toilers oceans nf blood nnd agony, wbile
thoir mostors gather tho harvost of golden sheaves. It is thus that the slave
hns always forgotten his own interests,
and tho interests of his class, whenever
his masters havo boon in especial need
of his loyalty in ordor to further thoir
schemes of plundor and power. Presumably he is built thnt way, and, of courso,
cannot help it. His loyalty to tbe empire of capital, is its solo bulwark of
safety. His ignoranco is the cornerstone upon which it rostfl. Millions of
his kind nro Btill loyal to it, and tbnt
ompiro is Bnfo whilo such loynlty lasts.
According to tho report of streot ac-
cidonts in the city of Now York, for tho
year 1915, issued by tho police department, it appears that 22,540 accidonft
occurred, in which   059  porBons  were
killed and 23,321 injured. Of the killed,
290 were children. Splendid place to
live, these cities. Almost as safe as living on a battle-field.
THERE ARE MANY persons running
around loose these merry days of
war and rapino who nro prone to
worry over tho probability of tbe various nations being nble to pay tho debts
contracted on account
THE WISDOM of the holocaust.
OF FINANOIAL When the figures run
EXPERTS. up to scoros of bil
lions, many become
inclined to lose faith in the ability of
nations to pay such stupendous sums.
But not bo the financial wiseacres. Their
faith remains unshaken and they glibly
prato of tbe marvellous powers of recuperation that He latent, more especially in tho British and allied nn tions, only
to be quickened into activity by tho
nanshino of a glorious penco to bo
brought about by a complete and sweeping victory over the powers of darkness
that lurk in Central Europe. Many a
timo and oft do these financial experts
uncover cunning little schemes whereby
theso huge debts may be wiped off without doing violence fo the payee, or raising harness galls upon tho payor. All
of which is, no doubt onsy, once it hns
been properly explained.
• *       «
Who ure these huge debts owing to?
Principally to the rich, tho bnnkcrs and
other money-lenders. If tho governments in quostion succeed in jigging up
any scheme of taxation thnt makes it
possible to square up with these money
sharks, it only means that these worthies have their funds available for investment in other directions nnd ns nil
investment is merely debt, tho sum total
of the world's debt hus not been reduced a penny thereby. As a matter of
fact, the debts of the world are never
paid, and can nover bo paid. That portion of tho wealth production of any
given year that is forever removed from
the market by being personally consumed by the workers ond tlieir masters—
including, of courso, their respective dependents and hangers-on—constitutes
the sole part of it thnt may bo said to
have boen paid for. The balance, be it
much or little, has to be sold on credit,
nnd can never be paid for, for tho very
simple reason that there is nothing
wherewith to make payment. The porson who works for a wago, a snlary, or
other stipend, pays for whnt he gets,
nnd if he consumes it all and thus removes it forever from the recorda of
exchange, it can bo rendily seen that it
will no longer function ns either debt,
or means of payment. It is virtually a
cash transaction brought to nn end,
without leaving either cash or debt behind. To the extent of what he and bis
dependents actually use up, and thus remove from all further calculations, tbo
same is true of tho income of the capitalist, the man of investments nnd profit. But nil over and above that, and
which remains in his hands for other
disposnl can only be put out on credit,
nnd must remain ns a debt until tho end
of timo, unless wiped out through bankruptcy or repudiation. Individuals mny
square up debts owing to other individuals, but if theso transactions nro carefully scrutinized, it will bo disclosed
that, in practically all cases, what bas
renlly occurred is morely a transfer of
account from one person to nnother.
* *       *
Our financial exports to the eontrnry
notwithstanding, the debts of tbis glorious old cnpitalist world nre hero to Btny
until wiped out through bankruptcy or
tho ropudintion of revolution. It might
be of interest to flnnncial experts, as
well as to' thoso who worry over the
payment of debts that nro none of their
business, to know thnt wealth tnken
from slaves enn bo disposed of only by
consuming it, or lotting it rot. It is
only fools that fancy it can bo sold on
credit nnd ever be paid for. No other
evidence of this is necossary than thnt
furnished by the figures now required to
express the magnitude of tho world's
folly along thnt lino, Tho debt of "tho
world—including nil capitalization,
which, in itself is nothing but debt—
benrs voluminous and eloquent testimony to that folly. Also to the wisdom
of our flnnncial experts, who evidently
are still ignorant of tho fnct that tlie
entire capitalist schemo of finance is a
mathematical impossibility.
An Anglican biBhop fecontly died nnd
bis cstnto ran into tens of thousands of
pounds, Keir Hnrdio passed nwny a
few days later. Tho total value nf bis
belongings wns £400. All of which indicates thnt it pays hotter to serve God
thnn to bo an ngitntor in Labor's cause.
On tho national railways of Mexico
thero wero 729 engines and 18,000
freight cars at the timo the revolution
began in 1910, says the Railway Mechanic. Now there are but 19 engines
and 3400 cars fit for service. The Mexicans will have an easy job on their
hands to lick Uncle Sam, if tho balanco
of thoir equipment Ib in as good flhapo
as tho railways, and presumably it is.
Tho economic conditions havo in the
flrst place transformed tho mass of the
peoplo of a country into wage-workers.
The domination of capital has created
for this masB of people a common situation with common interosts. Thus this
mass is already a class, ns opposed to.
capital, but not yet for itself. In tlfe
struggle, of which wo have only noted
somo phases, this mnss unites, it is constituted a class for itself. The interests
which it defends are the interests of its
clnss. But the struggle between class
and class is a political struggle.—Karl
Patronize those who pntronize you is
a good rule to follow. Thoso who nd-
vortiso in The Federationist patronize
you. Deal with them and tell them
why. But always ask for union-label
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crows products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
firBt and third Thursdays. Eiecutive
board: Jaiuos H. MoVety, president; ll. P.
1'i-ttiim-i't', vlco-presidfiiit; Helens Out-
toridgo, general seeretsry, 210 Labor Templo;
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. II. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
Meets   su court   Monday   in   the   month*
President, J.   McKinnon;  aereetary,   R.   H.
Neelands, P. O. Box 66.
in annual convention in January, Executivo officers, 1916-17; President, Jas. H. MoVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Vlotoria, C. Slverti;
, Now Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W, E. Thompson, p. O. Box 15B; Rossland,
If. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W*. Df A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8, Wolls, P.
O. Box 1G38, Victoria, B. C.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Officii.
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets flrst
Sunday of oach month. President, James
Campbell; financial secrotary, H. Davis, Bot
424; phone, Soy, 4752; recording secretary,
Wm. Mottiahaw, Globe Hotel, Main street
a) Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in the month,
room 205, Labor Templo. President, L, E.
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
—Meets every Iat and 3rd Tnwdnv
8 p.m., Room 307. President, F. Dickie;
corresponding secretary, W. S, Dagnall, Box
53; flnancla] secretary, W. J. Pipes; business
agent. W. S. Dagnall, Room 215.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor Templo.
B p.m. President. A. Sykes; secretary, Chas.
ft. Austin. 7H2 Seventh Bvenuojjast,
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
Amorica. Vancouvor Lodge No.   194—Meets
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m.    President.
A. Campbell,   78   Seventeenth  avenue west:
socretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe streot.
PACIFIC—Meets at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russell Kearley, business
BLBOTRIOATj workers, looal NO. «i
meets room 205. Labor Temnle. nvm—r
Nfnnday. 8 p.m. President. D. W. McDouirall
1162 Powell street: recording secretary.
R. N. Elgar. Labor Temple! flnanclal secretary and business agent, B. H. Morrison
Rnnm 2(17. Lahor Temple.
SOCTATTON. Wa] 8853. Offlce. Association hall. 10 Powell street.. Meets every
Sunday, 2:80 p.m, Thomas Nixon, secretary.
and fonrth Fridays at 8 p.m. President,
,T. Molvorj recording oecretarr. J. Brooked:
financial secretary, J. H. McVety.
Meets second and fourth Thursdays, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, Georgo Anderson.
2.1111 Prince Edward street; phone Fairmont
1720-0. Secretary. Stanley Tiller. 812 Eighteenth avenue west; phone Fnirmont 76BL,
TORS' UNION, Local 348., T. A. T
fl. E. ft M. P. M. 0.—Meeta flrst Sunday of
each month. Rnom 204, Labor Temp'"
President, ,T. C. Lnohnnoo; business agent, W.
B, MoCartnev:   financial   and   corresponding
secretary, H. C, Rortdnn. P. O, Box 34.1. _
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Templo. President, Ray
MeDougall, fiOl Seventh avenue west; financial secretary. J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
street; recording -lecretRry, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street; phono Bayvlew 2698T.J.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION (VANCOUVER), No. 69—Meets second Tuesday. 8 n.m., Room 204. President, W. Bell
2220 Vino street: secretary-treasurer, E
Waterman, 1167 Georgia street; recordlne
secretary, W. Shannon, 1739—2flth avenue
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Moots flrat and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
p. m. President, G. Taylor; socrotary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B, O.
of America, local  784,   New Westmlnater.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:30
p.m.    Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
Meets Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wednesdays at 2:80 and 8 p.m. President. W.
H. Cottrell; recording seoretary, Jas. E. Orif-
fln, 186 Twenty-flfth avenue east; flnanclal
secretary and business agont, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive,	
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held flrst Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording soo., C. MoDonald, Box 503; financial secretary, H
Nordland, P. 0. Box 508.
Meets last Sunday of oach month at 2
p.m. President, Wm. H. Youhill; vice-president, W. R. Trotter; secre tary treasurer, It.
H. Neelands, P, 0. Box 66.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, Id
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of |1 an aore. Not
more than 2,560 ecrea will be leased to one
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant ln penon to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district in which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory tbe land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and In unsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the ap*
plicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5, which will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available bnt not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of tho mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall fur*
nlsk the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should bo furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may bo permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may bo considered necessary for the working
of tho mine at the rate or 910 an aere.
For full Information application staonM be
made to the Seoretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80090
___,       _^_____    inafBo
TEA Of America ^c^
Vote against prohibition I Demand personal liberty in choosing wbat you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that it is Union Made. This is onr Label
Phono Seymour 4490
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0.
The Unlimited, Unrestircted and
Unregulated importation of liquor
from outside points allowed by this
Act will certainly result in the decreased consumption of beer and
malt beverages (the worklngman's
usual drink) and a corresponding
increase in the consumption of
whiskey and spirits.
This comes about naturally becauso of the heavy
freight or express rates on shipments of malt beverages, owing to their bulk, as compared with the
cost of shipment of whiskoy and spirits, which may
bc sent in small packages.
Tho above statements have been proved by experience, the facts of the case as shown in Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Oregon and the United States as a
whole bearing them out fully.
Is This What the Workingman Wants?
Is This for the Best Interests of the
As fair-minded men, the electors of British Columbia are asked to carefully consider the terms of
the Prohibition Act.
Copies of the Act will be forwarded or
any questions concerning the measure
answered on application to Merchants
Protective Association, Boom 24, Canada
Lifo Building, Vanoouver, B. C. FRIDAY.. JULY 7,1916
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
"The Beer^Without a Peer"
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. * It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
is good—be temperate in
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix  Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
is good for all mon; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for somo
men. Tho total abstainer has no more right to compel tho temperate
man to abstain by forco of law, than the temperate man has to compel
tho abstainer to drink what' be neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your denlor for our
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
Second Attempt Made at San
Francisco Brings Forth
Eight-Hour Day Instituted
July 1st—Vancouver's
Turn Next
Tho employees of tho B. C. Sugar Refinery should take a lesson from the
Sugar Workers' union of San Francisco,
whero they recently re-organized and,
with tho assistance of the control labor
body, succeeded iu negotiating an agreement with tho sugar refineries which resulted in the establishment, effective
sinco July 1, of an eight-hour day. Formerly many of the employees worked 11
hours a day, and even longer.
In the mattor of wages of San FranciBco sugnr workers, many of them will
receive as high as $120 per month, and
all workers will be paid time and one-
half for all overtime and work on Sundays and holidays. The now union now
has a membership of more than 300 and
is represented in the Labor council by
four delegates, and employs a business
Such conditions for tho slaves of B.
T. Rogers' workB on Powell street east
would seem like heaven. In Vancouver
the flrst effort to organize, in lftKl.
failod. It was so in San Francisco. But
thero they tried again—and won out.
With the labor market in itB present
condition, and sugar $1.85 per 18-15.
sack, it is about timo to start something.
And Politicians As Viewed By tbe Man
from Kootenay.
"Sunday morning, a cabin against the
hillside 3000 feet above the dwellers in
your puny skyscrapers, not another human within miles of me. To church in
His cathedral, lighted with His sun-
shine and for music the rippling of His
waters." This was Bill's introduction
in the letter he promised to write, and
which has just come to hand. "Tou
know this is washday with ua and mending day, too. Well, tho chores aro done,
the rest of the boys have gone down
the hill to lend a hand to a neighbor;
coast papers a week or more old have
been received, and their contents digested, and it is some of tho happenings
recorded therein that prompted me to
discharge this letter obligation. Of
courso, I could talk to the birds and
squirrels around the cabin, but that
would bo iu another language—one not
understandable by tho city dwellers."
Bill cannot resist the temptation of rub*
bing that city stuff in at tho least opportunity.
''Do you know this is tho only perspective to get a true lino on men and
measures—iOO miles from tho scone and
away above their thoatre of action. How
insiguiflcont they oppoar from this
height and distance. Believe mo, boy,
this life gives one an intuitive insight
into men and motives that can not be
had from a close-up viow or direct contact with them. I've just been roading
of the premier's tour of the island, and
I see amongst those accompanying him
was H. B. Thomson, the doughty fire-
eating champion of the booze business
in the recent session, and from the published accounts, it was a love feast all
tho way. The premier telling the voter
what a good fellow the liquor Tribune
is and vice versa. According to him H.
B. has been everything from navvy to
—tho end is not yot, because a little;
further on I learn from the samo good
authority thut a cabinet portfolio haa
littlo or no attraction and the suggestion is made that the red chamber at
Ottawa is hia ultimate goal. Of course
tho gentlemen of the senate of Canada
are not popularly supposed to be partial
to ox*navvys, deckhands or hotelmen as
members of their august chamber, but
the vorsatilo ox-member for Victoria
may be trusted to overcome any
scruples thoy have on that score.
"Now here is another happening of
interest to the intelligent elector. Dr.
McGuire has been given a place In the
cabinet. Let's seo, nof so many months
ngo tho worthy doctor was supposed to
have retired from politics, and proceed* j
ed to devote his timo to the organization of the prohibition party. That he
performed this servico effectively nnd
satisfactorily ia ovidonced by him being
rewarded bofore the prohibitionists are
asked to show their strength, or lack of
it. Do you see any connection betweon
these two happenings—the presence of
a representative prohibitionist in the
cabinet nnd the leader of tho Hquor
forces in tlio house on tho stump with
tho promlor. Do you aupposo it just
happened that way?
"Aftor my recent visit to Victoria, I
told you Bowsor had both factions to
this wet-dry campaign so tnmo thoy
would eat out of his hand, and he would
have them both chloroformed and
sleeping in the same bed before election
time. At that time the government
was Btill receiving deputations from
both camps and had not disclosed its
measure. Oh, the little corporal is a
great little fixer; anyone who doubts it
only needs look over the programme for
this election campaign. Prohibition;
compensation, possibly; workmen's compensation, woman's suffrage, shipbuilding aid, clerks' holiday, soldiers' homestead, to mention only a few of the
trump cards he holdB—not forgetting
that P. Q. E. loan, which is very necessary. Say, the opposition could not beat
that in ten years of programme making
at Victoria. Their line of criticism
never got a man anywhere yet. This
holier-than-thou pretense don't influence
the intelligent voter. Ho may be thor*
oughly convinced of the other fellow's
shortcomings, but your professed knowledge of the why and wherefore implants a suspicion in his mind that it
was only opportunity you lacked. I believe the opposition had a grand little
opportunity to slip one over on W. J. B.,
but following their time-worn methods
and lending ear to falso prophets and
advisers, allowed it to eseapo thom. Two
can always play at muckraking, especially when they are merely politicians.
"Say, boy, the disclosures at Victoria
during the session just ended were such
that no citizen of this province but
Bhould feel a distinct loss of self-respect
thnt. such things should bc—aid this
goes double as far as thc two parties are
concerned. That representative men for
place or pelf would prostitute themselves and besmirch the fair name of
British Columbia, a nnmo that most of
us old-timers throughout the beat years
of our lives have endeavored to mako
synonymous with fair, open, honest and
clean dealings with our fellowman. Politics, as exemplified at Victoria, is an
unclean thing. The very name stinks
of bartering, trading and consorting
with the very dregs of human society
on the one hnnd, and the would-be plunderers of the people's heritage on the
other. That there will be an end to
this playing faBt and loose with the
rights and liberties of tho people of this
provinco, there can bc no doubt, and
that tho end will be soon is the sincere
wish of yours, BILL.
Next Meeting at Same Time
and Place As the Peace
English Delegates Opposed
Proposition As Being
As to Trade Union "Aliens.'
Established 1901
We oporato our own distillery
at Now Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making are prepared with
great care from tho best selected
grains that money can buy.
Don't forgot when ordering
from your grocor to ask for tho
B. C. article.
ar Works
Telephone High. 286
Editor B. C. Federationist: A letter
has como to my attention, written by
the general secretary, voicing the action
of Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
in re tho internment of aliens, together
with u copy of a letter written by Col.
Duff Stuart.
I take this opportunity of explaining
that us far as I am concerned, tho letter
of Col. Duff Stuart does not apply.
I have been approached re the advisa
bility of releasing the interns, but* have
refrained from attempting to diagnose a
public opinion which may materially
chttngo in twenty-four hours.
However, I have explained that I was
unalterably opposed to interning men
simply because thoy were so-culled foreigners by birth, more especially in
view of tho fact that tho foreign-born
form such a largo proportion of tho
membership of the TJ, M. W. of A.
I have yet to flnd tho flrst adherent
to thc principles of international unionism who can successfully maintain said
principles, and yet foster the idea of interning liia brother who happens to be
Austrian or Germiui. Let it be plainly
understood I hold no brief for tho so-
eallod alien who violates the order-in-
council of August, 1914, but he who
steadfastly meets thc requirements of
said order-in-council, certninly should
enjoy its privileges. Evon the ultra-
patriot should extend tho so-called alien
these rights whou tho governor-general,
in his wisdom, issues such a decree. But
for international unionists to quarrel
among themselves to me is the limit.
True, it can bo said by Vancouver, Fernie did it, but the sins of another is
poor justification for one's own misdeeds,
I would earnestly advise my Vancouver fellow-workers, ns well ns any
othors who may rend this, to refrain
from doing thnt today for which one
will be sorry tomorrow. And mothinks
one will in the future regret having in
any way fostered n desire to intern
their fellow slaves.
The time will come when this enrnnge
will cease. Therefore let our conduct
be such that we can review it from the
standpoint of onr foreign-speaking
brother without qualm or remorse,
In conclusion, I desire to express my
disapproval of the designation applied
to our foreign-speaking brothers in your
paper from week to week. For instance
"wops," "bohunks," etc., do not very
well become our brother unionists. Lot
me stnte definitely, and I know whereof
I speak. Your words, "After the strike
wns broken, nothing but 'bohunks,'
mostly of the Austrian variety, (now
Serbian) or men who could bc trusted to
keep awav from unions," is hardly lie-
fitting. For illustration, remember the
Colorado strike with Loin's Tikns. the
martyr, hardly an English nnme, nnd
kindly remember the Cumberland scabs
(Vanoouvor Islnnd) hnd many such
nnmes as Williams nnd Smith, hardly
Austrian or even Serbinn.
Box fiOt, Fernie, B, C.
June 20, lfUfl.
A conference of the representatives
of the trados unions of the Allied countries, was held in Leeds, England1 on
July 6. This conference was arranged
by the French labor confederation.
Tho gathering was presided over by
James O'Grady, Labor member of Parliament. A proposal put forward by
a representative of tho American Federation of Labor, that a meeting of organized labor should bo held at the
same timo and placo as the peace conference, which must eventually come
out of this war, was opposed by the
English delegates as "impractical and
liable to lay tho labor movement opon
to ridicule," As these English unions
seem to have already surrendered to
their industrial and military masters all
that they have gained through centuries of bitter struggle, and by so doing
have brought much ridicule upon tke
labor movement, tho aetion of their
delegates may be easily understood.
They evidently wiBh to hold, for English organized labor, a monopoly upon
the source of ridicule. And who can
flay that it is not justly entitled to
itl To tho credit of the French labor
movement, its representatives supported
tho A. F. of L. proposal.
"Bull-pen" Gossip.
Bro. John McDonald, another disciple
of Isaac Walton, hied him down to the
Fraaer river on a fishing trip with a flne
new $1.50 oiled silk line. Now, believe
us, John is some hand at casting, "but
on this occasion he imagined he was
throwing tho hammer at tho sports of
the company's second annual picnic,
John had several fathoms of line out,
and then made the suprome effort, but
he forgot to make one end of the line
fast nnd his $1.50 went sailing down the
river amid thc jeers of the small boyB
who were watching and waiting.
No, brother, the crew on No. 29 are
not on speaking terms with the crew of
No. 124.
Bro. W. J. Mcintosh had a conscientious objection to working on Dominion
Day, and the only way he could make
the grade was to sign off sick a week
British Columbia
Built for
Wear, Style,
& Comfort
(Continued from Pago 1.)
Eight hours shall constitute a day _
work on the Minneapolis-Winnipeg dny
Seven and one-half hours shall constitute a day's work on the Winnipeg
night west circuit, except Winnipeg
night sending, which shall be nine
Eight hours shall constitute tt day's
work on the Winnipeg day west circuit, including sending.
On all circuits o ton-minuto Ict-up
will be give n every two hours, nnd a
lunch relief every four hours.
15. Thia agreement' shnll continue
from Juno 1, 1010, to Juno 1, 1918, nnd
shall thereafter renew itself for n like
period of one year unless either pnrty
notiflos the other in writing at least
sixty days before the end of nny yearly
period of ita desire to terminate tins
In witness whereof, wo hnve hereunto
affixed our hand and seals this first day
of Juno, 1916.
Western Associnted Press, Led.,
E. H. MttckHn, President.
Committee representing Western Associated Press Telegraphers,
F. A. Coylc, Chairman.
A. Sknttebol.
L. M. Vogel.
Approved by Tho Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America.
S. J. Konenkamp,
International President.
yEARS ago the institution of LEO
* KIE resolved to produce hoots and
shoes of a character which could and
would stand out pre-eminently for
COMPORT and WEARING QUALITIES. To do this the flrst essential
was to use HIGHEST GRADE LEATHERS and other QUALITY MATERIALS In manufacturing.
During the years since LECKIE
BOOTS AND SHOES have maintained
this policy—always. Today, no other
boot or shoe will prove the INVESTMENT of the LECKIE.
Named Shoes are frequently msde b Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what ItB name, unless it bears ft
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the  Union Stamp
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston,
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine,
0. H. Mumm & Oo., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whiiky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegiei Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Preller ft Co.'s Clarets, Sauternos and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Every timo a man breaks a Rood resolution he oonBolos himself with thr
thought that he will mnke n better one.
Workers of Britain Insist on Lower
Prices or Higher Wages.
A special trades unions congress of
600 delegates, representing 3,000,000 organized workers, mot in London on
June .HO, and adopted a resolution asking the government fo tako steps to regulate the prices of food and fuel. The
mover of tho resolution snid prices hnd
increased 50 per cent., owing largely to
tho rise in freights nnd tho greater cost
of ooal.
The congress nlso adopted an alternative resolution in favor of governmont
ownership of nil merchant shipping.
RtHI nnother resolution doclarfla thnt I
if tho govornment offers objection to
tlio proposnls of the congress, immediate
stops will bo tnken to press for such advances in wages ns aro necessnry to
maintain a proper standard of living.
The congress also ndoptod a resolution nsking for an increase of fifty per
cent, in old-ngo pensions during the
poriod of high prices.
-Is Btrlotlv hlgfrgradi—a oomhl-
at ion ••{ Mocha iimi Java,
from tho plantation to the cup
nil the processes through which
NABOB passu nro strictly limitary
A user of NABOB knows this—
thoso who aro not drinking NABOB
nro surely Missing one of the joys
of tho^citlinary art.
(Strictly modern), ono block from I-abor Temple.   Hero, every comfort
awaits you.
Union Cigars and best brands of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe in connection.
Don't forgot that tho moro bitterly
employers oppose lnbor unions, tho
more tho employees should support
"No, lovo doesn't last—but neither
do sunsets, dinners, operas, cocktnils,
youth, summer, roses, dreams nor any of
tho other really fascinating things in
this lifo! Thoir brovity is what makes
them fascinating."
Water Heater
July 10th to 15th
A Gas Water Heater at the
lowest price ever quoted.
$13.50 installed
on condition that piping is already in
The usual price (and a fair one) is $20
These Heaters
are Guaranteed
Call at either showroom and see one
Carrall and Hastings Phone Sey.
1138 Granville, near Davie 5000 PAGE POUR
...JULY 7, 1916
A "Made-up" 52 piece
REGULAR $19.25 4>Q OR
—Mnde of a good quality semi-porcelain, in a neat white and gold pattern.   The set is made up of-  MMMMJllfflr Itimmam\ah 11lln i V
Six tea cups and saucers. One meat platter.
N  Six chocolate cups and saucers.   Ono slop bowl.
Six dinner plates. One pickle tray.
Six soup plates. One cake pinto.
Six breakfast plates. One pair salt and pepper Bhakcrs.
One baker.                                   One covered butter dish.
Nice for tho camp and summer cottage, and n marvel d>Q QC
of good value at -   ajtJ.Utl
Regular $3.50 a dozen, values for $1.50
—strong, useful tumblers, in full %-pint sizo, and of a very  SjA  CA
lino, clear quality; dozen, special «pj..UV
Mli® son'sBauCompanj. ffl
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Most Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Street
First Vancouver Run of All
"Triangle" Pictures.
'Triangle" Pictures Ale the
World's Best Films.
JULY 10. 11. 12
Love Will Conquer
JULY 13, 14, IS
The Wood Nymph
Perils of the Park
Entire change of programme for latter part of the week.
Matinee (to 6 p.m.;  10cChildren (all the time).. 6p
Evenings 16c Boxes (all the time)  25c
Theatrical  Stage American
Employeea8   ^»™    Federation of
No.ii8,i.A.T.s.E. LaI,or
Musicians' Union
M. M. P. U. Local 145
Moving Picture
No. 348.1.A.T.S.E.
Trades and Labor
Congress of
Trades and Labor
Capital $16,000,000        Best (13,600,000
Mais Offlce:   Oorner Hastings and OranvlUe Streets, Vancouver
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. First Avenue end CommercUl Drive
EAST END Cor. Fender end Main Sirens
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenne and Qranvllle Street
BASTINGS end CAMBIE Cor. Hustings and Cambie Streeta
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT I'LEAHANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drlvo and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL , Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraier Road
Also North Vancouver Brandt, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
BAOLEY * SONS, 151 Heltlnm Streot Seymour 816
BLOOHBERSER, F. II., 319 liroadway East Fairmont 203
BRAND 4  PERRY. 0211 Pender Street, Welt    Sermour tSIS
BURRARD   PUBLISHING  CO.,   711   Soymonr   Street    Seymour   8S30
CLARKE tt  STUART,   320  Seymour Streot    .Soymour  3
COWAN it BROOKHOUSE, Labor Tomple Building Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 437 Dunsmuir Street Sermour 110S
EVANS & HASTINGS, Artl and Crafts Bids., Seymour St Soymour 5060
JEWEi.L, M. L„ 341 Pender St Seymour 1441
KERSHAW, J. A., 633 Howe SI Seymour 8674
LATTA. R P., 833 Gore Ave Seymour 1030
MAIN PRINTING CO., 3861 Main St Fairmont 1088
McLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver N. Van. 68
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robson Sts Soymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 137 Pender St Soymour 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Seymour 0592
PEARCE * HODGSON, 513 Hamilton Street Seymour 2928
ROEDDE, G. A., 616 Homer Street Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Cambie St Seymour 8609
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 203 Kingsway  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Stroot  ! Soymour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Hastlngi W Seymour 8620
TIMMS, A. H-, 230 Fourteenth Avo. E Fairmont 021R
WESTERN PRESS, 823 Cordova W Seymour 7680
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO,, 381 Dunsmuir St Soymour 3526
WHITE It B1NDON, 528 Pender West  Seymour 1214
Write "Union Label" on Tonr Copy wben Ton Send It to the Printer
Whon you recognize tils its a
fact you will boost for the pro*
ducts of homo industries by cutting out tho imported article
Start right now by UBing
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plnnt in B. 0.
Fourth of Series By President of the B. C. F.
of Labor
Workers of Province Should
Get Familiar With Its
[By Jas. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor.)
WITH A knowledge of the industries
covered; the methods by which
compensation cun be secured and to
whom payable, and that for disabled
workmen the payment iB to be 55%
of the "average earnings/' the thought
that comes to the minds of many workmen is, "How are the average earnings
to be computed"!
A Difficult Question.
To lay down any hard and fast rule
by which administering boards are to
compute "average earnings" has always resulted in dissatisfaction in some
cases. Sometimes the workman receives
more than he should and other times,
through a temporary lowering of the
grade of employment, or depression in
the industry, the workman is paid
for long terms on thc basis of his earnings at the time of the accident, the
boards, where such rules are in effect,
being unable to take into consideration
the abnormal conditions prevailing nt
the time the workman is injured. The
cases where workmen are working temporarily for lower wages than usual being much more frequent than those
where they are receiving nbove the regular scale, rules that take away the
discretionary, power from the boards are
usually against the workmen.
Each Case On Its Merits,
Feeling that the best interests of all
concerned would be served by allowing
each caso to bc decided on its own
morits, and yet appreciating that a
great deal of power would hnve to bo
given the administering board to make
this arrangement possible, both the investigating committee and the government decided that the only way tliia
could be accomplished was to give tke
board wide powers in arriving at an
equitable calculation of the "average
earnings" of injured workmen. This is
dono in section 22, which rends as follows:
"(1) The ovorago earnings and earning capacity of a workman shall bo determined with reference to the,average
earnings and earning capacity at the
time of the accident, and may be calculated upon, the daily, weekly, or monthly wages or other regular remuneration
which the workman was receiving nt
the time of the accident, or upon tho
average yearly earnings of the workman for one or more years prior to the
accident, or upon tho probable yearly
earning capacity of the workman at the
time of the accident as may appear to
the board best to roprcsent tho actual
loss of earnings suffered by the workman by reason of the injury, but not so
ns in nny ense to exceed the rate of two
thousand dollars per year.
"(2) Where the workman wns at
the date of the accident under 21 years
of age, and it is established to tho satisfaction of the board that under normal
conditions his wages would probably increase, the fact- shall be considered in
arriving at hiB nvernge earnings or earning capacity."
Meaning of "Earnings."
As the English act uses thc term
"earnings" and "average earnings,"
we cannot do better than consider the
definitions thnt havo been placed upon
these terms by the courts.
"The earnings of a workman mny be
aaid to be whatever he receives from
Ms employer in return for his services.
They include- not only actual cash, but I
also money's worth such as the value of
the use of a uniform"—"or of board
and lodging," "or a cottngo." But it
will not include matters the value of
which aro not capable of being estimated in money, such as tho "vnluo of tuition." "Tips may be taken into account in estimnting earnings if the employment is of Bnch a nature that tho
habitunl giving of tips ifl open nnd notorious, und recognized by the employer; ih other words, when the circumstances nre such that there is nn implied
understanding thnt the employee mny
retain Buch tips in nddition to wages."
But tips which are illicit, or which involve or encourage a negloct or breach
of duty on the part of the employee to
his employer, or which arc casual and
spasmodic nnd irivinl in amount, cannot
bo included in tho computation.
"Tho wages earned at the dnt'e of tho
accident cannot be the solo tost. Sucb
n lest would opcrnto most unfairly,
somo times for nnd some times against
tho workmnn. There nro many employments in which work is more plentiful
nnd wages are higher at somo seasons
of the year thnn in other Bcasnns."—
Cozens-ITnrdy, mnHter of tho rolls.
Wider Scope in B. 0.
It will bc observed, however, thnt the
section in tho B. C. act requires tho
board to tako into consideration not
only the "average earnings," but the
"earning capacity," so that tbe
amount actually earned by the workman is not the sole guide, ns in England, in finding the nmount upon which
tho compensntion allowance of 55 per
At $1.50 a Pair
•"THOSE seeking a most sat-
a isfactory hose as regards
nppearance and wearing qualities should purchase Onyx; Iu
these we recommend the 81.60
line, which comes in fifty good
shades and also black and
white. They aro provided
with a specially durable double
lisle garter top and lisle sole,
heel and toe. For wearing
with tho low shoe wo show
tho "Pointox Heel" Hose,
which is a decided improvement on the square shaped
splicing, apparent in other
Onyx Hose hnve mnny particularly good features and
therefore are well liked by
women who appreciate the
View the $1.50 line tomorrow.
Summer Dress
Voiles Are Specially Priced
AT20c—Floral VoileB in a
collection of pretty designs. Como 40 in. wide. Vnl-
ues to 40c represented in thiB
AT 26c—Flake Stripe Voiles,
in flora! patterns, suitable for
summer dresses, very dainty
designs, representing values to
AT 35c—Fine quality Voiles
and Rice Cloths in various colors, including stripes and floral
patterns.     Values to o'5c for '
35c a yard.
Refined Service
One Blook weit of Court Houie.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors  free  to all
Telephone Sejmonr 2428
Vancouver—Offloe and Chapel,
1084 Granville St., Phone Sey. 3486,
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapel, 121-SUth St. Wut, Phone
cent, is based. For instance, assume
a bricklayer, or any other worker in a
seasonable occupation, should bo temporarily totally disabled on tho flrst day
of the working season. Assume further
thnt he hns worked but little or not at
all for some months previous, or that
he has worked continuously during tbe
otf season as a Inborer. In this ense his
average earnings wo-uld be much less
thnn his earning enpneity, because the
wages of the bricklayer are double that
of an ordinary laborer. If the mnn
should be disnbled during the whole
bricklaying season, then bis earning
eapaicty has been destroyed by tho accident, and tho writer would hold that
hiB compensation should be based on the
wages paid to bricklayers during the
season in whicli he was disabled. The
same principle should apply in all occupations where the work is seasonable.
Permanent Disability.
Keeping tho case of the bricklayers
in mind, assume now that the injury he
received was such ns to totally disable
him for life. His compensation payments, in this province, nre to continue
during his life. How should they be
computed? Consideration must now Tie
givon fo his "average earnings," as
well aa "earning capacity," becn-ase
his payments nre to continue the year
round. The portion of the yenr he is
engaged as a bricklayer, as well as that
employed as n Inborer and the time be
is idle have all to be taken into account
and his compensation will be less, per
month, than he would have received
whon suffering from temporary disablement.
Difficult in Some Industries.
In industries whero the work is fairly
regular, little or no difficulty will Be
found in arriving at the proper amount
on whieh the compensntion is to bo
based, but whero the work is intermittent and tho workmen aro employed by
many employers, as in the caso of long-
shoremen, logging, building trndos and
construction work generally, the board
will often have difficulty in arriving nt
a basis thnt will bo fnir to both the employer nnd workmen. To give this latitude to tho bonrd, tho Bcction was
drawn as it is nnd while there ia no expectation thnt differences of opinion
will not result, ns haa been pointed out,
a grent deal will depend on the ability
of the board, to bo nppointed, to settle
auch quostions without being hampered
by weirdly worded sections that wbile
purporting to give power, in reality
circumscribe tho bonrd in snch a manner
ns to prevent any one being satisfied.
Every Day the Sun Rises Means More
Human Lives on Altar of Profit.
During May 60 work peoplo wero
killed or fatally injured and 350 were
seriously injured during tho course of
their respective employments. The record for April, 1010, wns 54 killed nnd
202 injured, a total of 340. During
Mny, 1915, 102 work peoplo were either
killed or fatally injured, while 333 received serious injuries. A comparison
of the totals of fatal and non-fatal industrial accidents occurring during May
with thnt for tho record for April shows
thore to hnvo been Hix moro killed and
07 more seriously injured in Mny thon
in April, while there wero 42 loss killed
nnd 26 moro injured in May this year
than in snmo month a year ago.—Labor
Keep On Keepin* On.
"If the day looks kinder gloomy,
And your chanceB kinder slim;
If the situation's puzr-lin'
And tho prospects awful grim,
And perplexities keep pnssin'
Till all hope is nearly gone,
Just bristle up and grit your teoth,
And keep on keepin' on,"
Lengthy Debate on Prohibition Adjourned Until
Next Meeting
Nomination of Officers—Internment of Aliens Lies
with Gen. Otter
Some twenty credentials for membership were presented and accepted at last
night's regular meeting of the Trades
and Labor council, when tho new dole
gates took their Beats,
The question of prohibition was discussed at length by the 42 delegates
present, thc debato being adjourned, on
a vote of 19 to 21 till the next regular
Anti-prohibition Resolution
Delegate Smith moved, nnd Delegnte
R. N. Myles seconded the following resolution:
"Whereas—The electors of British
Columbin are to bo asked to pronounce
upon tho British Columbia Prohibition
act at the forthcoming general elections
in this province; nnd
"Whereas—Organized labor, through
itB representative bodies and lenders,
have placed themselves upon record as
opposed to sumptuary legislntion of this
character as being not only totally inadequate to accomplish thc aim professedly sought, but also hnrmful to the best
interests of organized labor, entailing,
as it does, unemployment to membors
with consequent impairment of its
numerical strength; be it, therefore,
"Resolved—That tho Trades nnd
Labor council of Vancouver, B. C, in
harmony with representative bodies of
organized labor elsewhere, places itself
upon record as opposed to the proposed
'British Columbia Prohibition act,' and
to the principle involved therein."
From President Watters
J. C. Watters, president of thc Trndes
and Labor Congress of Cnnndn, Ottawa,
wrote thnt the council's set of resolutions, recently passed by it in no sense
asked for information. There was absolutely no ground for the statement
that he neglected to fully inform the
members of organized labor of this pernicious legislation in timo to pormit of
a protest, since he did not know, and
could not know,'until tho members of
the cabinet council expressed itself in
the order-in-council.   Filed.
Internment of Aliens
J. Duff Stuart, colonel, 0. C. M. D.
No. 11, wrote acknowledging receipt of
letter regarding the employment of
aliens in the mines and smelters operated by thc Grnnby Consolidated. He
wns not in a position to denl with this
matter, as it lies entirely in tho handB
of Mnjor-Genernl Sir W. D. Otter of
Ottawa, who has full charge of the internment of aliens throughout' Canada.
Seeretary instructed to write to Major-
General Otter on tho subject of interned
Saving Daylight ,
W. A. Blnir, secretary of Vancouver
Board of Trade, wrote that the board
has for several years interested itself
in the matter of daylight saving, and
asked the council to unite with tho
bonrd in appealing to thc city council.
The executive will deal with the matter.
President's Beport,
"The C. N. R. and C. P. R. tenm-
stors' striko had been adjusted at Winnipeg, and now the union was 100 per
cent, strong.
"The Beautifying nssocintion requested that delegates be sent to a meeting
to be held on tho 10th inst. Tho selection left with the executive committee.
Over 3000 families and 4000 children
were provided for out of the pntroitic
fund in this city. The aum of $20.60 a
month wns allowed each family. Last
month the disbursements amounted to
'The recent trouble of the Moving
picture operators had beon settled.
Oriental Labor ln Hotels
"He (the president) nttended the
lost meeting of the board of license
commissioners and obtained a resolution prohibiting Orientals working in
hotels, but later international complication came into the limo light through
the presence of consulB of the United
States, Switzerland and .Tapan. The
eity solicitor aaid that the reaolution
wns utlra vires, nnd therefore it was
Settlement of Soldiers.
The president snid ho discussed
with Sir Rider Hnggnrd the proposed
settlement of soldiers. Sir Rider had
no connection with tho British government, but was sent nbrond by tho Boyal
Colonial Institute. A general exodus
of soldiers would tako place, and the
president thought that nn effort will bo
mado to dump defenceless soldiers in
British Columbin."
Nomination of Officers.'
For preaident—J. H. McVety, C. H.
For vice-president—R. N. Myles, F.
W. Welsh, V. Midgley.
Secretary—H. Gutteridge.
Treasurer—F. Knowles, G. Bartley.
Statistician—W. H. Cottrell.
Sergeant-at-arms—John Sully.
TrusteeB—J. Campbell, A. J. Crawford, R. Rigby, A. Graham,
Further nominationa and the election
of officers will bo mado nt next moeting.
Adjourned at 11:20 p. m.
Some enterprising manufacturers of
the United States have been caught in
the act of supplying the trade witb
adulterated nnd Bhort weight "Star
Spangled Banners." The adulteration
consisted of mercerized cotton in the
place of silk and- thc short weight wns
reached by reducing the length and
width below the legalized standard.
But what else could reasonably be expected in view of the fact that a national flag is merely a commercial trade
mark, that is bought and sold just like
nny othor commodity or thing. Let
overy purchaser from now on go warned
against possible trickery nnd decieit.
Insist upon having unadulterated nnd
full weight goods, no matter what
country's trade mark is purchased.
Remember that this is nn age of business. Therfore look out that you do
not got stung.
"Love is the balancing rod which
keeps ub on life's trolley."'
Sand Shoes, Beach Shoes, Yachting Shoes
For Everyone
Fully prepared to meet every requirement  with  "Fleetfoot"  Shoos,
thnt hnve a country-wide reputation for service and sntisfaction.
SHOES with non-skid solos.
High out $1,60
Low eut $1,45
SHOES, "Fleetfoot" nobby
tread,* sizes 2% to 7.
High cut J1.3B
Low cut $1,25
Misses'   sizes,   11   to   2,   high
out ji.26
Low c'at $1,15
Girls'   sizes   8   to   10%*   high
out ii.iB
Low cut $r,00
Girls'   sizes   3   to    7%;   high
cut   86c
Low cut 76c
with tailored bow, rubber Boles;
sizes Hi, to 7 $1.65
nobby tread solos, blue canvas
uppers; high cut, pair. $1.26
Low cut 96c
Boys' sizes, 1 to 5; high eut $1.00
Low out 85c
Youths' sizes, 11 to 13; high cut
•*   95c
Low cut   75c
Child's .sizes, 5 to 8; high out,
;*' 86c
Low cut 65c
BOYS' GREY CANVAS OUTING SHOES with leothor trimmings; sizes 1 to 5, for.... $1.06
Sizes 11 to 13 $1.65
mulohide, chrome soles; sizes 8
'» 2 $1.86
David Spencer Limited
Special 11 P. M. to 1. A. M.
704 Robson Street
Better Dentistry—
You cannot get, than the Borvicc.my offlce affords-tho finest equipment
of any dental aboratory in the Wost-every appliance for the important work of putting your tooth in perfect condition—the highest skill of
trained experts in every departmont-the highest standard for all donTal
work—and prices aa low as possiblo with highest' quality.
Call in or telephone for an appointment; consultations and advico froo.
My Schedule of Prices:
Gold Crowns, each $ 4.00        Expression Platos; the vory
Porcelain Fillings, oach    1.00 beBt  H-'OO
Porcelain Crowns, each    4.00        JJridgework, per tooth    4.00
.     ,       _„„ Painless Extraction        60c
Amalgam Fillings, eaeh    1.00        Bepairing Plates     60c
Crown and Bridge Specialist
Tuesday and Friday, 7 to 8 ja, gjy, 333i
Milk Users!
Fairmont 2624
Fairmont 2624
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
Hillcrest dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
TR Hillcrest Dairy


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