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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 29, 1916

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INDUSTRIAL Vwir^ffTS—tQTS
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONlii
I       «> OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVER TRADES AND L^tBOR COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR ^^.  BcSlCAL l*Nl*j?VICTq«T
EIGHTH YEAS!8 No. 52
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAfT, DECEMBER 29, 1916
IN I WAR AS IS
UNITED STATES
Canada Is Not Organized As
She Should Be for
Manufacture .
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
Nationalization Is the Only
Certain Way to Secure
Best Results
"For Romans in Home's quarrel,
Spared neither land nor gold,
Nor son, nor wife, nor limb, nor life,
In the brave days of old."
—Macaulay.
ANOTHER WEEK of discus-
sion of the National Service
proposition has brought
much new light to bear upon the
subject, which the more it is studied, the more sinister and repul
1 sive it becomes. In another column
/ The Federationist reproduces the
order-in-council by which the National Service commission was authorized. The scope and objects
of the commission arc made plain
1 to be that of using governmental
power in order to exercise a very
extensive control and influence
over workers in all industries,
Under some of its provisions, it
would be impossible for a man who
was valuable to his employer to
quit his job and enlist if said employer objected.   It will give em-
j ployers legal backing for a process
of "diluting" male skilled labor
with female labor.    Viewed from all
1 angles, it seems to be a method where-
) by the governmont can aid the munition
or other manufacturers to better secure
1 and control their workers, both against
quitting their employment or striking
for better conditions.
Oovernment Committed.
The Borden,government seems to be
I wholly and completely committed to the
i principle of capitalist control, management and ownership of the industries
necessary for the production of munitions. , While the governments of Great
Britain and Franco have gained the
hearty support and good will of their
working peoplo hy natirmaliKing not1
only tho munition and armament works,
■ but also the mines, railways, textile in-
i dustries, otc, the present Canadian gov-
. ernment has declared   over   and   over
again its adherence to the principle of
I profit-making in connection with the
i production of munitions.   Lest some of
our readers ,may think wo are trying to
I put tho government in a false light, we
"draw attention to the following press
! diBpatch from Ottawa, dated Dec. 20:
■ "There is nothing iu it," said Hon,
r T. W. Crothers, minister of labor, this
morning when questioned regarding the
i reports that tho government would tako
over the coal mines in District 18 owing
' to tlio inability of the operators aad
men to reach an agreemont.
i "F. B. Hnrrison has beea investigating the situation for ub iu the mining
arous and he has not yet reported. We
hopo taht na a result of his report the
troublo will be amicably adjusted. Of
course if they are not, it is hard to say
what will happen, but at present no Buch
action ns reportod has been contemplated," said tho minister.
Mechanics Might Benefit.
S
Premier Borden and R. M.
Bennett Did Not Satisfactorily Answer    ,
Until Rational Scheme Is
Presented No Census to
Be Supported
Calgary Trades and Labor council,
which includes all the labor organizations of the city, at a general meeting
on Friday night last, passed a resolution
declaring that, as a protest against the
failure of Premier Borden and Director
of National Service B. B. Bennett to
answer certain questions asked of them,
when they spoke there last Monday,
they would refuse to sign the national
service cards. They say that until a
rational service scheme is presented to
the country they will refuse to sign
the cards.
T
need of munitions. A plentiful supply
of rifles, cartridges, shells, etc., is more
necessary just now than drafts of fighting men, because Russia haB untold reserves of fighting men who only lack
equipment to enable them to launch a
successful offensive against the arrogant
foe.
Canada's Neutrality.
Canada has contributed generously in
fighting men to the armies of the Empire. The soldiers recruited from hor
working class and farmer population
have nobly and valiantly withstood the
shock of battle from overwhelming numbers of German's trained minions. Their
deeds have caused the name of Canada
to be honored among the struggling nations who have learned in tho acid test
of war how to truly appreciate true
worth. But in the matter of munitions
Canada is as neutral as is the United
Somo timo ago a member of the Dominion government, in a statement
given out for publication and discussing
this same principle, said:
"I think most pooplo will agree that
when we aro giving tho home government all tho backing they authorize, under our arrangement with them, there
eould be nothing madder than to push
our government shops into the manufac-
I turo of munitions of wur at tho eost of
1 COMPETING WITH CANADIAN PRIVATE  FIRMS  FOR   SKILLED   ME-
I CHANIC8, and depriving Canadian private shops of work which will help
carry thom through tho present period
| of stagnation in other mnaufacturc."
About a year and a half later, or in
October last, Air. Rogers, while acting
I prime minister, Btated in an interview,
that "It iB now too late to disuuBS governmont control of the munitions industry iu Canada."
Munitions Bather Than Men.
In a1 recent Bpecch at Bedford, England, the parliamontury secretary of Dr.
Christopher Addison, the minister of
luunioions in tho new British cabinet,
said:
"I doubt if there is ono of the great
powers now fighting which, if asked
whether thoy preferred to havo at their
immediate disposal an additional 1000
iguns, with the necessary ammunition,
or an additional five divisions of infantry, would not at onco prefor to tako the
guns and ammunition. What has been
happening In Rumania only strengthens
me in that opinion."
Canada is an integral part of an empire whieh is engaged in a fight to the
death with a powerful, cunning and dns-
tardly foe, whoso overthrow nnd punishment is not only richly deserved, but entirely necessary if tho human rnce is to
vindicate its self-respect. No man can
'contemplate the overflowing moasure of
[Hun atrocities without wishing tbo perpetrators the thorough and overwhelm-
'ing defeat which tho Allied armies alono
can—and no doubt will—administer. In
[this titanic struggle tho economic forces
[of Great Britain have beon organized
nd co-ordinated undor the administration of tho government to tho end that
la niixlmUm number of soldiers may bo
^kept in the,field supplied with a plonti-
ude of needful munitions.
Tho Allied armies are desperately in
is tho policy which Sir Robert Borden
and his government are so overzeulous
to defend. Tho spectacle of any government defending such a shnmelesa bunch
of exploiters should make »every true
patriot blush for shame. Tho placo of
honor onco accorded tho beaver as typical of Canadian thrift and industry,
should now bc given to the skunk. No
othor creature can so truly represent the
ideals which aro upheld by our political
aad industrial loaders.
TO THE ORGANIZED LABOR
BODIES OF THE DOMINION
The Time Is Ripe for a Definite Labor Policy in Canada—The Exigencies of War Demand National Unity of Purpose—All th| Forces of the Dominion Must Be Marshalled in the Interest of Victory—Let Organized Labor Awake to the Needs
of the Hour and Assume Active Participation in Shaping of World Events
j —I	
A PERUSAL OF THE columns of Tho Federationist during recent months would not fail to disclose
the fact that this journal by no means looks ljpon the present European war as the result of
petty jealousies between rulers and ruling classes of the various countries involved. It has not
been brought about solely through the desires of kingly chieftains to enlarge their dominions at the expense of their neighbors. Its oceans of blood have Jot been spilled to satisfy the greed, the avarice,
thc vanity, the whim or the caprice of soulless ruffians;who thirst for gore and who are intoxicated with
human slaughter and misery and suffering. It has come as the logical and only result of those circumstances of history that have left a powerful feudal survival of the middle ages, alongside of the civilization and culture that corresponds to the industrial and political development of modern capitalism. The
feudal concept of government is autocratic That is essentially military and it cannot be followed out
without'being accompanied by an industrial concept ii similar import. Industry must be, and can only
be, an adjunct tb the military machine. It oan have no other purpose within a military state. Its every
power has unmistakably been turned to military purposes within the German Empire. It has only increased the power of Germany in a military sense, an|* military power cannot exist and grow, except for
the one purpose of conquest. Military conquest can;ortly express itself in the conquest of territory.
That being so the power of mid-European feudalism must sooner or later express itself in an attack upon
the more advanced and essentially democratic civilization of its immediate neighbors upon the west.
This is what actually occurred, and let it be noted right here in the way of confirmation of this hypothesis, that while the pretense was made by the Teutons that semi-feudal Russia was the power that/threatened them, the defensive blow was struck at the vitals of France, the most advanced and democratic
country on earth. Modern capitalism sprang from the loins pf feudalism, and its birth presaged the
death of the parent, lt is the constitutional enemy, therefore, of feudalism, and this explains why the
blow was struck at democratic and capitalistic France and her neighbors, who were politically and democratically abreast of her. And that also explains the' "hymn of hate." It expresses the inveterate hatred of a dying cause, for that which is bringing it to its doom.
Must Be Fought Out.
Thoro is no use in talking about peace
until the semi-feudal military regime of
central Europe is completely broken,
through the efforts of its own people at
home, or by the victorious armies of the
Entente Allies. Preferably it should be
done by the Teutonic people themselves,
but if they fail to do it, it must be done
by force from the outside, in the interest of progress and world pence. That
is why the cause of tho western European nations is the cause pf democracy
and the higher civilization. That is why
it is tke highest duty of every person
within the countries of tho Allies to do
all and dare all to carry the war to a
successful conclusion aa speedily as possible That liborty and democracy nre
threatened at the hands of a brutal and
reckless military survival of tho middle
ages, and that suck threat is instinctively realized by the common people of
Belgium, Prance, Italy and Britain, accounts for tho invincible spirit that per-
meatus their activities in their struggles against tho common enemy. In no
othor wny can tho heroic, stand of tho
Belgians against overwhelming numbers
bo explained, or the splendid coup of
tho French nt tho Marno bo accounted
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, op Monday,
January 29.
States.   Every ouuoo ef munitions pro* I"10 r™""" ."'. m.^X'\M.tTZK/TSiiA
SucedTSCanJaii'nns to W»d^rW^*.f»^*witA!^««Ktf_y^lj    .in
paid for at profitable prices to Canada's I»nd lt mu8t w1"' ,or II 1S '*' 7™*?™
profit-mongers, who  ure  making  huge
profits out of war contracts.   And this
Protection for Profiteers.
Just how caroful aud considerate the
Borden government is of tho interests
of the munition gratters, may be gathered from tho fact that tho government
is possessed of $2,500,000 machine
shops at St. Malo, which have been allowed to stand empty and idle sinco
thoy'were built, early in 1015; the In-
teruolouial shops at Moncton and the
Transcona shops at Winnipeg. These
shops should havo been put into commission by the government for the making of war material. Tho roason why
thoy are not is thus described by the
Ottawa Citizen:
"D. A. Thomas, representing Mr.
Lloyd Qeorge, lirst usked why the Dominion governmont shops wero not boing used in tho munitions industry, llo
received for answer, tho government's
policy of being opposed to competing
with private munition Arms in a profitable industry. He subsequently mado a
direct request that tho Dominion government should undertake the manufacture of shells ut cost prico in the big
and partly idlo government shops. When
thus pressed, the government consented
and thon evaded its promise. Onco more,
in tho autumn of 1015, before leaving
for England, tho British representative
tried to got tho governmont to move by
asking it to tender on Homo largo shell
orders, urgently needed at. the front;
and the Dominion govornmont did nothing."
Labor to Be Oard Indexed.
Next  week—tho  first   week  of  th
principle of the human race in its struggle for a higher and a better civilian
tion. Without it there could be nc
human progress, no growth, no life for
the'rnce,
What Is Happening?
In France and Groat Britain great
changes are bciag forced by the war,
Old traditions uro being brokon down
and drastic and sweeping changes made
in tho coat rol and administration of industry aad its products. The hnnd of
tho state is reaching, out nnd taking
over for public purpose und tho common good, ono industry after another,
that has always hitherto been dedicated
solely to thc end of bringing profit and
plunder to tlio pockets of usually idle
owners nnd other shiftless persona. Ruth-
lessly und without rosorvo the state is
stripping theso erstwhile favored owners of their power to oxploit and torture their fellows, and is turning tho
productive forces of the land to the
purposo of providing for the actual
needs of tho people and for currying out
tho purposes of tho wnr.
This is ns it should bo, and it is a safe
prediction that tho power thus stripped
from the hands of previous owners will
never be returned to thom. Tho control of the productive forces will remain with thc stato, to bo utilized for
tho common good, and if the working
class does not go to sleep after this
Mar is over, tho benofits of prolific and
orderly production will be more and
more equitably distributed amongst all
of tho people'until the fullest requirements of each shall be amply supplied.
If the war is doing nothing else, it is
at loast speeding up the developmoat
of the capltaliat system to itB highest
possible stage of development—state
capitalism—and thus making it ready
for the still further application of democracy and its principles to tho social
and industrial lifo of man.
What Is Happening ln Canada?
A governmont move is now on in
Canada that has for its purposo the
mobilizing of all tho aid it is possible
for the Dominion to give, in tho desperate struggle of tho mother country and
able to learn, there is no disposition
manifested' in government quarters to in
any manner interfere with the present
private, or capitalist ownership and
control of industry, or to in any way
interrupt tho How of the stream of profit into the coffers of the present owners and proprietors. It is evident that
these worthy ones are to be allowed to
continue to reap unearned wealth from
tho blood aad agony of the nation.
And against tho continuation of that
infamy, The Federationist calls upon the
working people of the Dominion, both
organized and unorganized, to register
an emphatic protest;'. And what could
be more infamous and reprehensible
than tho reaping of profit from tho
blood and slaughter of men who are giving their Uyes and their aU in the strug-
t-gkr- i^*lHwtj>> •gni^-^hw^g-Tigniimfr1)'-"
the autocracy, and tho tyranny, and the
brutality of military rule, that has been
tho curse of the ages mid is still the
threat of civilization?
It Is Time to Act.
Now it is time for Labor to act.
It is time for Labor to tako its place
in the arena of political activity and
assert its right to sit at thc council
board of nations.
It is time for the Labor of tho Dominion to let its voice bo heard in demanding that Canndn shall at once take
the snmo steps that have already been
taken in tho mother land, to bring the
industries thnt aro necessary to tho successful prosecution of tho war, directly
undor the hand and control of tho nntion, and thut all profit be cut out of
industrial operations, to the end thut all
of the powor of industry may bo converted to the purposo of bucking up
und making securo tho armies of tho
Empire nnd its Allies, and thus enabling
them to push on to a complete victory
ovor tho forces of medieval reaction I
that now threaten liberty, democracy
and civilization.
' That the government of Canada at
onee takes over the munition factories of
the Dominion and operates the same for,
the sole purpose of turning out munitions for the armies at the front. That
the element ef profit be eliminated
forthwith.
That all other industries, meuns of
transportation and exchange and all
other things requisite to the production
and distribution of the things required
by the people, and for the prosecution
of the war, be also taken over as speed*
ilv as possible, and proflt be cut completely out.
If these things be done, or an agreement be entered into for the carrying
out of suoh a programme, The Federationist suggests that the workers signify
thoir willingness to submit to conscription for both military and industrial
service, the latter to be continuous, the
former for the period of the war only.
Tho only further proviso The Federationist would feel like suggesting might
lie that industrial conscription should
come first, and military, conscription to
follow when all labor requirements of
industry had first beon filled with white
labor only, and that in either case no
favoritism be allowed.
Let all serve their country regardless
o|j^aljtfe.„secial jjosij]
condition of servitude.
Being an eurnest advocate of woman's rights, Tho Federationist could not
consistently advise that woman bo exempt from conscription, but will pre-
sumo to suggest that they bo excused
from tho military cad of it, that is if
they so desiro.
In next issue Tho Federationist will
have something more to say in regard to
this matter, in thc way of pointing out
some of the reasons why no worthy British subject can logically object to a
Labor programme along tho lines herein
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
t
BE
With Thousands of Men Going to the Front "Who
Does the Work?"
Some Suggestions Offered to
the National Service
Commission
"Here is a problem for* the Na-
tional Service eommission, or any
other students of Canadian economy.
During the year 1916 an average of
300,000 men, increased at the end of
the year to nearly 400,000, were with*
drawn from their usual activities and
engaged in military service. Yet the
area of land farmed waa about the
same aa usual. The output of Canadian manufactures waa probably larger than in any previous year in Canadian history. The lumber cut waa top,
to the average. The mines produced
more than the average quantity of
metals, coal and other products. The"
fisheries were prosecuted with the
usual efficiency. , Hallways handled,
more than the usual quantity of traffic. The traders, the bankers, and
other financial and commercial' operators got their work done. It ia alwaya
possible to obtain the services of lawyers, doctors, architects,, engineers
nnd other professional mon. , The
churches have pastors, the schools
have teachers, the public services
have full staffs. How; does it happen
that nearly oncfoarth of the mon of
military age have been withdrawn
nnd yet. tho work of the country goes
on as before?"—News*Advertiser, Dec.
27.
THIS DOES not appear to The Federatlonist as a particularly difficult
problem to solve. It is especially easy
when viewed from this end of the Dominion.   Those whose memories reach
Trade Unionists of Toronto
and Winnipeg Setting
the Pace
What on Earth b the Matter
With Vancouver's Central Labor Body?
r
i£"?„.'!!£ri,™ilbMk *° the years immediateiyprecSC Tja!»a_/tifc_'tm\emoa anTjbaio
COMPENSATION ACT
BOARD NOTYET NAMED
But An Early Announcement of
Personnel Is Expected ln
a Few Days.
Up to the time of going to press no
appointments to tho board which will
administer the now Workmen's Compcu-
It is a mattor of congratulation to tho j sation Act have been announced by tho
Labor movement of Canada that a aum- new provincial govornment. The cnbi-
j net counoil is reported to bo iu session
; daily, dealing with various matters of
' public business.
In Labor circles the delay in anaoun
now year-has beea appointed by tlio i >tor Allies against the fond al andI mill
government as National Service weok.|*«ry menace of ce ntral |Mfc™J
Cards will bo seat through tho post to tho name of National Serv.co, steps aro
everybody asking a number of questions Itylng taken to ascertain ho man-powor
■  - nfavaioni flftiodo ^remaining in Canada nnd how to best
relative to their ago, physical tltncBs,
trade, wages, aud if they are willing to
go somewhere olso to work, etc., etc.
The director-general of the National
Servico eommission is Hon. Lieut.-Col.
R. B. Bennett, K. C, M. P., reputed
owner of a munition factory at Medicine Hat. Tho Trades and Labor council of Calgary, which is Mr. Bennett's
homo town, bus declared it will ignore these inquiry cards sent out by
tho commission until n "rational" service schemo is presented to the country
by tho government. The organized
workers of Winnipeg aro strongly opposed to tho proposition, and aro organizing to oppose it, tlieir opposition being mainly based on distrust of tho government, which so strongly upholds the
war-grafters. Organized labor in Vancouvor has yot taken no concerted lino
of action, but unless they decide as a
body to BUpport it—which Is vory unlikely—tho commission's plans will meet
with strong individual opposition.
Shall We Submit?
Can a government, whieh has outlived
its allotted term as a duly-olectod con*
remaining __
utilize it. tor tho good of the Dominion
and tho Empire.
But ns far as Tho Federationist is
stitutionnl body corry through n policy
which is unpopular, Inefficient nnd insulting alike both to the intelligence
and patriotism of tho citizens of this
country? This seems to be tbo position
of affairs with regard to tho National
Service registration project, now being
put forward by tho junkers who at present hnppon to have in their hands the
reins of political power. From beneath
thc sugar coating of flattery and patriotic appeals, it is now poBsiblo to detect
the bitter contents of the Notional Service pill, and tho sinister designs nnd
intentions of tho political quacks who
made it. Lot no man swallow blindly
this dose without knowing tho acts and
declarations of tho government prior to
nnd which lod up to it, so that thc colossal proportions of this impudent proposal may bo fally understood nnd appreciated. It may well furnish the climax to tho Borden government's Igno-
bio career.
ber of trndes and lubor councils and
other bodios have already registered
their disapproval of the proposed national service scheme of tbe Borden
government, unless the conscription of
industry and wealth be the steps to be
flrst taken.
The Federationist hereby urges upon
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada executivo the various provincial
Federations and other afflliated bodios,
to at once tnko suitnble steps to arrange
for a definite and concise programme,
Upon which nil of tho labor forces of
tho Dominion may unite for tho purpose
of national service, as well us the protection of tho workers und the bringing
of such pressure us may bo possible, to
bear upou the matter of rescuing the industries of Cnnndn from tho ignoble purposo of profit-making for alleged patriots, and converting them to tho legitimate purposes of tho people and the
prosecution of tho wnr to a victorious
finish.
A Synopsis of Demands.
As a suggestion, Tho Fedorationist
offers the following demands:
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Dec. 31—
MONDAY, Jan. 1—Boilermakers;
Brewery Workers.
TUESDAY, Jan. 2—Tailors; Ci-
gnrmakcrs; Amal. Carpenters;
Railway Firemen.
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 3—Press
Feeders; Tilo Layers) Plaster-
ors; Electrical Workers.
THURSDAY, Jan. d—Garment
Workers; Trades and Labor
council.
FRIDAY, Jan. 5—Railway Carmen; Civic Employees; Letter
Cnrriors.
SATURDAY, Jan. 0 — Shipwrights, Caulkors, otc; Bakers.
ing thc personnel of tho commission is
ascribed to the task thc goverumuut has
to pick its own representatives on the
commission and that of tho employors,
from among the many applications for
tlioso positions.
Fortunately tho governmont will hnvo
no difficulty iu arriving at a decision as
to who should bu appointed to the board
to represent tho Labor interests, J. H.
McVety having practically the unanimous support uf tho labor organizations
throughout tho province, besides which
ho ia acknowledged to be, oven by his
opponents, the man best acquainted with
the iiilricacius of tho new compensation
act, aad therefore ablo to got it into
smooth running condition and to tbo
sutisfuction of all parties concorncd.
An announcement is looked for during
the next few days.
"I DON'T KNOW."
Not vory long ago a writer ia tho
Railroad Trainman drew attention, in a
very brief but effective way, to an idiosyncrasy thut is found not infrequently
among a certain class of union men.
This sickly state of mind muy usually
be detected when you get the same monotonous answer to tho following questions:
Listen 1 When does you local meett
I don't know.
Who nro your offlccrst   I don't know.
How mnny members in your local? I
don't know.
Any applications bcfnru the local
now?   I don't know.
Is yoar local in good financial standing?   I don't know.
How much are your dues to tho locnl?
I don't know.
.Aro your dues paid up to dnto? I
don't know,
Aro your dues payable in advance? I
don't know.
What induced you to become a union
man?   I don't know.
Of what good aro you to a local? Nobody knows,
If you hnvo lapsed into this helpless
condition, don't you think it's timo to
wake up?
calling thc fact that industrial opera'
tions in this province were perilously
near a standstill, and a lnrge number of
working men were in such dire strnits
as to bo compelled to depend upon pub'
lie aid in order to survive,
That tho war has relieved this condition to a certain extent ts apparent, but
it is also a fact that in spite of thc very
largo number of men who havo enlisted,
thoro ore still plenty hero to carry on
nil necessnry work.
Many workers havo como into the province from the other sido of the line, no
doubt attractod by tho ndvertised scarcity of labor In certain lines.
Enemy Aliens Assist.
A very largo number who were formerly working on railway construction
und who are not British subjects, nro
still in tho province und nro Inrgely
used by Bome of tho biggest nnd most
patriotic mining and other concerns to
operuto their industries. Large numbers
of aliens of Teutonic extraction are said
to be thus employed nt various points
in tho province. Thus has it been possiblo to recruit heavily from that portion of tho working cIosb composed of
British subjects nnd, consequently, having a country to fight for.
OrlentalB Help Some.
Another thing in connection with the
lution of this problem should not be
N CONVERSATION with Hr,
CatU, an Australian member of
parliament, elected for the put
twelve years as a Labor representative, and who was a welcome
visitor at The Federationist offlce
last wvpir, he attributed the success of the Australian Labor move*
ment to the faot that tbey just
kept everlastingly at it until they
began to win. After that it was
easy. The record of Labor representatives did the rest. He felt.
sure that Canada was just now
pissing through a stage of development in the Labor movement experienced by Australia some fifteen years ago. But he felt equally certain that it would not require that many years for Canada
to catch up, if trade union officials
did their duty. In practically
every big eity of Canada, the trade
unionists are getting into municipal
election!, fiat not eo in Vancouver.
True, it mnde a start some two, yean
ago, but it has since "laid, down on the
job"—a'tald of its own weakness, lack
of confidence In each other.
At Toronto the central labor body
this year hu agaUi took tbe initiative
in placing Labor candidates in the field,
in the hope of increasing their representation in municipal councils. "Jim*
my" Simpson, of the Typo* union, it
their nominee for the board of control.
Aid. W. D. Bobbins, seeretary of the
Street Bailway Employees' union, is up' f
for re-election in ward 1. Walter Brown, '
business agent of the Bout and Shoe'
Workers' union, is np in ward 1, where
he nearly secured election last year.
Aid. Joe Oibbobs. business agent of the ■
Street Bailway Employees' union, will
also seek re-election in ward 6. While
for tbe board of education, Vessrs. J.
T ■  Tmm. —    talL-S. * A-:ttfal..-. -   -
Labor Itself to Blaine.
Hero's the way Onlooker, in tho Industrial Banner, puts it:
"Until Lnbor, organized or unor-
ganized, sees fit to elect its own
mon to tho legislative halls, it cannot legitimately complain that it is
not getting a square deal from representatives of tho big interests,
trusts, etc., who labor cIioobos to
elect to positions of trust. It has
ofton been declared that the workingmen could control the destinies
of uny legislative body if thoy
would only realito tlieir electoral ,
strength, but like Gulliver, who
slept while tho Lilliputians shackled him, labor has been practically
doad to its opportunities, and tbe
pro-corporationist politicians havo
slipped into the councils and parliaments to the detriment of tho
men who really produce the world's
goods."
At Hamilton and in several other Ontario towns, the labor councils are all
taking part iu municipal affairs.
Tho splendid showing mnde by Winnipeg trade 'unionists, both provincial!*/
nnd   municipally, is   already too   well
known   to   Fcddrationist   readers   to
need any special emphasis here.
At Medicine Hat, nt Calgary, at Ed-
__ mmiton, at Lethbridge, in fact in nearly
altogether overlooked, and that is the jail the Alberta towns, tho trado union-
Oriental labor involved.   As a result of ists uro a factor tn thc municipal life
most careful inquiry, it has been aacer- of the community,
tained that at tlio outbreak of the wnr'    In British Columbia the trado union-
there were seven Oriental  workers in j ists of Prince Rupert huve been fairly,
the province to evory eight white work- successful In past years, and  will d#
ers.   The ratio is now 1 to .'Mi.   If the even better this yenr.    At Fort OeAplA
war lasts for another two yearn, it will, Ihey know what to do both in DMV&h i
not be worth while for any survivor!*, if rial and municipal elections.    fc<*n lh* i
there are any, t*> ret am In British Cm-  Capital City unionists have !l*£af°*H
lumbin.    The question, "who docs the  municipal   elections   fnr   lUa.fpl :«W
work?" will have been answered in full, years; Ast^aM.'**0^
Then again there nre mnny nmro women      But Vnncouvor!    W||M1 ■■ US*'
employed in industry now than prior tp with Vancouvor trn
tho war.    The banks and other oflicos! they sound asleep a
are now using a largo number of thom
fo fill tho places mnde vacant by their
former male employees having gono to
tho front.
just their normal
A good many of tho fipliftcrs and
saviors of mankind carry their own
spot-lights.
Fishing Statu Quo Ante Bellum.
That is a remarkable discovery made; '■  - "    ■"" -
by tho Nows-Advertiser that the fish- trod need into the professioos to thc ox-
orios during tbo last yenr "were prose-jtcnt thnt they havo into tlio moro pic-
cuted with the UBiinl efllcioncy," in;l'oian cnllings. ThiB is a matter that
view of tho foct that the fisheries of should not be overlooked by tho Nation*
this provinco arc nlmost entirely opor-i"' Servloo commission, howover, ns wo
atcd by Oriental labor, war or no wnr. fool suro thnt a heavy additioa to tho
Por some inacrutoblo roason tho tender-: Empiro's fighting femes may very read*
ly nurtured fishing interests of British Hy D0 n,nt-° *>y properly handling this
Columbia ennnot operate with white, interesting situation,
labor and survive tho rudo shocks of If it should appear that Orientals aro
the competitive market, although the not suitablo substitutes for whites In
American concerns appear to survivcjlho important callings of legal wrnng-
tho storm without being to tho neeos-j ling, physicking and tho saving of souls,
sity of employing nny other than white'there aro surely enough crippled, agod
labor It hus been noticed that the land infirm whites to tnke tho plnces of
American canners como right ovor to'all able-bodied incumbents of such bene*
tho Fraser river district, and buy sal-j flees nt present, and thus release them
mon, tow them over tho lino to Boiling-
ham or Anacortes, put them into enns by
whito labor only and then sell tho product in thc samo market as do tho British Columbia canners. It would thus
seem that it makes no difference
doos the work."
for moro Important and valuable sor-
vlco at tho front.
A Suggestion to Mars.
These Will Do the Work.
As to public Borvico Btafls, tho less
who I said the better.   A bunch of ancient fo*
jmalos might, with ronsonnblo safety, bo
substituted for somo of these precious
.. . , "staffs," ond tho public servico suffor
Npt nearly fts many lawyers, doctors, no irreparable injury thereby. If tho
pastors and othor professional men havo wnr continues long enough, tho unfit
gono to tho front as ought to go, and wj]| no doubt bo woll weeded out. Thore
that might very well bo spared. This is will be no ono left to do tho work but
no doubt largely duo to thc fnct that j Orientals, cripples, alien enemies and
Chinks and Japs have not yot boon In- editorial scribes.
[BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATION OF LABOR 1917 CONVENTION TO MEET AT REVELSTOKE, JAN. 29 _^BBBS_rn!mv2&HmTte&—mm^—_Wmm
PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
..December 29, 1916
THE
INCORPORATED
18SS
BANK OF
TORONTO
Anetl  »»9,000,000
Deposit  4U.000.000
Household Banking
Accounts
in The Bank of Toronto hnve been
found by many to be n great convenience. The accounts mny be
"poned in the names of husband
i wife, and either may deposit
iiWlrnw money. Interest ifl
.. i:  *.ti  ; hose accounts twice a
Paid up eipl al.
Reserve fund   ...
8,000,000
g.ase.aai
Cornet Hastings and Gambit Sts.
British
Columbia
Land
Splendid opportonltiei In Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. Britlah Columbia
Grants Pre-emptloni of 160 aent
to Actual Settle!!--
Free
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at leaat three years; improvement! to the extent of tt per
aere; bringing under cultivation
at least five acrea.
For further information apply to
DEPUTY MINISTEB OF
LANDS, VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
SECRETAEY, BUREAU OF
PROVINCIAL   INFORMATION,
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
W. R. OWEN
Malleable Bangea, Shelf ud
Heavy Hardware; screen dooti
ud windom.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
SOME OF OUB
BEST CUSTOMERS
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver.
We Will Make Terms to
Suit You
Come in and look over the blggeat
and best stook of furniture is
Britlah Columbia.
41 HASTINOS ST., WEST
PANTAGES
' VnaqaaUad Vaudeville Ifaana
*     IAXTAOES VAUDEVILLE
'       THEEB SHOWS DAILY
•:4I. T:M. »:1«    Siann'i Fiicai:
St/Mate,  ISe;   Enninji.  ISc,  tie.
 —.———-	
7~l NEW
Broadway Theatre
Comer Main ud Broadway
The  Suburban House  Beautiful
Where the whole family goes.
T. B. CUTHBERTSON tt Oo.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Quality Supreme
Sou-Van Milk
Fair. 2624
Union Delivery
Miners and
Prospectors
who have copper properties worth
while, ean be placod in touch with
actual buyers if they will aend
full particulars to DRAWEB 4,
0|o B. 0. FEDERATIONIST,
Labor Temple, Vanccuver, B. 0.
no.
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Feilerfitiotiist, Limited
E. Parm. Pettipiece .Manager
Office:  Room 217, Lahor Temple
Tol. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:   -U.50 por year;   in Vancouver
City,  $2.00;   to  unions  Bubscribing
in a body, $1.00
HKPRKSENTATIVKS
Now Westminster W.  Yates.  Box  1021
Princo Rupert S. D. Macdonald, Box 268
Victoria A.  S.  Wells. Box   1538
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World"
FRIDAY...
..December 29, 11)1(1
of their sole political efforts from now | tnblished by Madame of tlie "red-
on. Lot us from all quarters make it! light" district, in her particular line of
known to Premier Borden that no petty trade. Open defiance of the law, accom-
taxation scheme alleged to bo aimed atjpaaied with an exproHsed willingness to
wealth will do. The "expropriation of
the expropriators" alone will sufflco,
and tho sooner it is done the bettor.
GREAT IS the law. Our crude and
primitive forefathers wore rudely
and ofttimes roughly ruled with
the club, but it is our proud privilege to
be gently but firmly directed along th
pay a lino therefor, thus seems to bo a
well-established inclusion in the ethical
code of business. If thore is any outstanding value to the working class to
be found in the action of the business
element of British Columbia in regard
to tho Saturday half-holiday law, it lies
in the precedent thus established. If
(hero happens at any time to be a law
self, or when a political hypocrite wishes [
to prove his virtue—he or she resorts to
Puritanism. A recent example is noted
in the case of a bourgeois woman, who,
feeling the freodom of tho suffrage air
and wanting to rid herself of energy
that should have beon expended in dishwashing or plowing, started a movement
to have a jitney censor appointed;'
THE OFFICIALS of the Trades and
Labor Congross of Canada have had
an interview with the Borden gov
ernment iu regard to the registration
sehomo of the National Service commission. From the re-
EXPLANATION ports received, it ap
IS NOT pears   that   the  pre-
SATISFACTORY, inier gavo assuranco
thnt there was, at
least at prosent, no intention upon the
part of tho government to bring about
conscription, b-dt no assurance could bo
givon that futuro events might not*
make conscription inevitable. As far as
that goes, we have no objection to offer.
But in the matter of dealing with the
wealth of the Dominion, the position of
the premier affords grounds for criti
cism and most emphatic protest and objection. In replying to tho very goneral
demand of tho workers thut the wealth
of tho country be first conscripted for
war purposes before uny move in that
direction be made in regard to manpower,' the premier states that the government is already taxing the wealth of
the Dominion, and has under consideration measures whereby such taxation
will be heavily increased. And right
here is where the men of Labor should
register a most emphatic kick.
* *       *
It is not a matter of merely taxing
the rich and prosperous. Wu know
something of the possibilities that are
open to those who are disposed to shirk
the responsibilities of war and other
matters of so-called public expense,
that, are embodied in the highly develop'
ed art of tax-dodging. The moral and
ethical codo of profit-taking, nnd the
moral and ethical code of tax-dodging
ure identical. But oven grunting that
no taxes would be dodged, and that a
very considerable portion of the profit
accruing from industry wo-ald be turned
into the government exchequer for war
and other governmental purposes, the
fact would Btill remain that these
wealthy tax payers would still bo enjoying a revenue coining to them out
of tho wholesale slaughter of thoir less
fovored fellow beings. Thc fundamental crime of all the ages has been the
gaining of wealth out of the unpaid
toil and sweat of others, but thnt infamy is doubly damned and infamous
when such gain comes from tho blood
and carnage of war. The ghoul tbat
robs graveyards is a cleanly and cultured gentleman alongside of a profit
hungry rascal who hns his fangs buried
iu the heart of tbo nation at war and
greedily sucks the juice of wealth from
the rapine and slaughter incidental
thereto. And the infamy of it cannot
bo lessened by taxing away any portion
of the plunder accruing from such a vile
practice. In the name of all that is
decent and commendable in human conduct, this villianous and debasing practice must be abolished. The opportunity for ghouls to fatten upon tho quivering flesh of humanity crucified upon
the cross of war, must be taken nway
from those who are low enough in the
scale of being to seize the opportunity
whenever it is offered. That is why
the cheap subterfuge of taxing them out
of some part of their ill-gotten swag
will not satisfy tho requirements of the
hour. It leaves the infamy untouched
ond still capable of contaminating and
debasing all that is good and worthy
In mankind, because of the nauseating
vulgarity of its baneful presence in
human society.   It must go.
* *       *
Premier Bordon's method of dealing
with the wealthy is not satisfactory to
any at all in sympathy with the struggles of humanity towards u higher lifo
and a bettor civilization, It is not in
lino with human progress. It is not
in accord with tlio action already taken
by Briiain and France, tho most advanced nations of Europo. The governmont
of Canada must take over all of the industries that nro requisite to the feeding, clothing, sheltering and defending
of the people of tho Dominion, nnd administer thoBe industries for the specific
purposes mentioned. All profit, all
personul gain, all loot and plundor must
be cut ".it once and for all. That such
a policy is strictly in line with human
progress, and is the next logical stop in
the development of the capitalist system
and tho opening of the gates of freedom
from exploitation to tho working class,
is clearly apparent, and should bc urged
on and aided by ovory workingman and
other decent person who longs for a
greator liberty and a more decent civilization. If the Borden government requires a precedent to follow, all he
needs to do Is to take noto of what if)
being done along this line in the old
country. But we fancy he doea not require a precedent any more than does
the British premier. All he docs re
quire is to bo at some timo confronted
with a situation that can be dealt with
in no other wny. Perhaps that situation
hns not yet developed here in Canadn,
but it is up to tho workers of tho Dominion to do all they can to bring it
ubout. The best and most effective servico they can perform along that line is
pathway   of   seoinly upon the statute books obnoxious or dis-
HOW BUSINESS conduct by means of tasteful to them, all that is necessary'is
OBSERVES          legal enactments duly to openly defy and ignore such law, und
THE LAW,           mide   and   properly that is all there is to it.    The daily
provided for tho pur- press of this province will approve of
pose by those who are eminently qtiali- H"eh uction and will throw its columns
nod to deal with the intricacies and "pen to all such boasts and chortlings
mysteries of the art of ruling and rob- as the law-breaking element sees fit to
bing by less clumsy and painful methods indulge in.   At least that is whut that
than that of the club and bludgeon. Aad precious press has done in the case of
for this blessed privilege our thanks aro the business law-breakers reforrod to.
duo to thoso  valiant souls  who have j Even the staid and eminently rospeet-
successfully struggled against the forces able Nows-Advertisor of this city has
of tyranny in the past and wrung fre
its brutal clutches this precious right
of boing ruled by parchmont illumined
by legal phrase, rather than being occasionally knocked stiff by a club judiciously wiolded at the behest of tyrants
and masters. And we have boon taught
to manifest due reverence for the law,
and that our first and highest duty is to
strictly observe its mandate and defend
it against all and sundry who might
wickedly attempt to defy it and threaten its sanctity with contempt and ill-
repute. We have been duly and powerfully impressed with the majesty of tho
law as expressed through the agency of
tho policeman armed with unbendable
hauteur and unbreakable club, and the
judgo upon the boneh rigged out with
wig and gown and solemncholy mien.
Some garrulous person has said that
"laws are made but to be broken," and
while we have been painfully conscious
of the fact that there are those among
us who are not duly and properly impressed with appropriate reverence and
respect for the law and its decrees, we
havo fondly hoped that all such would
eventually be made to soe the error of
their ways and tho law be thus vindicated, even if it became necessary to
clap every would-be law-breaker in jail
in order to arrive at this happy nnd desirable consummation. But from recent
developments right hero in British Columbia, we are rapidly reaching the conclusion that we have been led astray
through improper teachings, and huve
beon most decidedly "put in wrong"
by those who havo taught us to look
upon tho law as something sacred and
worthy of both obeisance and obedience.
Our belief that a law was to bo observed
so long as it remained upon tho statute
books, no matter how obnoxious and distasteful it might be, and that, tho only
honorable and decent mothod of procedure in dealing with such a law was to
bring about its rcpoal in a legal and
proper manner, hus been badly shaken
if not entirely destroyed. And this is
how it happened.
* *       *
There is u law upon the statute books
of this province setting aside Saturday
afternoon as a half-holiday. Under this
law, which was'placed upon the statute
books by a plebiscite vote, all stores and
shops, other than as provided by certain exemptions made, are to close on
Saturday afternoons, thus giving the
lightly-worked and heavily paid employees an opportunity for u little rest
and recreation. Of courso everybody
knows that these employees have very
short hours and little to do during the
other days of tbe week. If there ure
any, however, who do not know this,
they may acquire valuable knowledge
along that line by merely applying
therefor to any shopkeeper iti the city.
They will tell the anxious enquirer all
about it. There is no doubt nbout thut.
But the law is there just the same. And
it so transpires that the shopkeepers do
not like it. It appears to them that this
closing of their little shops on Saturday
afternoons infringes upon their sacred
profit-chasing rights in this glorious old
profit-chasing age. And if thero is anything that will mako a profit maniac's
blood run hot in Jus veins, it is to experience any interruption in the flow of
profit-jnico into his hungry maw. In
hiB hunger madness he becomes positively violent and loses what little consideration ho may havo previously had for
othors in tho community, and the good
,ord knows that even thut is not much,
ns well as all roveronco for tho law and
everything elso that stands in tho wny
of his soul's desire. Well, that is what
happened to the small traders in this
provinco in regard to the Saturday hnlf-
holiday. Thoy do not liko tho law, and
thoy have decided to openly defy it,
nnd refuse to observe its provisions. On
Saturday, Dec. 23, they kept their shops
opon, and through the columns of the
local press have since made loud and
shameless boast of their defiance of tho
law, as well as of the satisfactory
amount of extra swag they gathered in
in consequence of such unlawful procedure.
* *       *
Thoro is much to bo learned by the
workors from this "better class" exemplification of the sanctity of tho law,
and the revereneo and respoct to whioh
it is properly ontitled. About the only
excuse theso worthy and respectable
citizens offer for this open and impudent
violation of the law is that thoy needed
tho money. They openly state, howover,
that thoy will cheerfully pay any flne
that may bo levied against thom for
such violation of tho Inw. By their own
confession this they can well afford to
do, owing to tbo thriving trade they
drove as a result of their defiance of
tho law.   In this respect they are only
The indiscriminate playing of the
United States national anthem, "The
Star Spangled Banner," at dances, in
cafes and restaurants, has beon prohibited in Now York. We know of ono
national unthem that ought to be prohibited at evory sort of entertainment
except funerals. Boing strictly neutral,
however, we positively refuse to furtfher
specify.
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Royal Orown^products
SAVE ALL BOYAL CROWN COUPONS AND WRAPPERS
jg^ THEY ARB VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
outdone itsolf in spreuding tho "glad
tidings of great joy" ovor tins profit-
jobbing incident. And whnt tbo News-
Advertiser countenancos is beyond question most worthy and commendable. Tbo
workers ure hereby recommonded to follow tho lead thuB boldly tnkon by the
business world, and commended by its
press. If there aro any Iuwb that they
do not like, let thom break them offhand. Refuse to obey them. The business world will undoubtedly approve of
Sjch action and at least give the workers its moral support At least there is
no reason discernible why sueh should
not be tho case aftor the incidents of
Inst Saturday. It will no doubt bo intensely interesting to note how meekly
and even kindly the so-called public
authorities, tho custodians of the law,
will accept tho dictum of the trading
fraternity in regard to the Saturday
half-holiday law.   It will, indeed.
Declaring their work to be "dirty,
laborious ond underpaid," 400,000 members of tho maintenance department of
tho American railways, recently filed a
petition with tho United Stntes congress
requesting that they be included iu any
eight-hour railroad legislation. • Aud
thus do the plebs of toil nnd sweat cast
covetous eyes apon the powor and privileges of tho aristocrats of tho Lubor
world.
Tho Bothlohem Steel company bas announced nn advance of 10 per cent, in
the wages of its 50,000 employees, to
date from Dec. 10. It will soon be in
order to print fabulous tales of wculth
accumulation upon the part of tho slaves
of Bethlehem, similar to those so plentifully peddled about tho highly-paid
wage-earners of the Ford labor-skinning
outfit of Detroit. And thero will bo
just as much truth in them, too.
AS A BESULT of tho Bcnndulous immigration policy of the Salvation
Army during recent years, there
are still many "desorving poor" in
British Columbia. Locnl representation
of tho Booth family
'POT BOILERS' feci called upon to
AT THE complain , this   week
FRONT. because their annual
"pot-boiling" performance hns met with less profitable
patronage this yoar than was formerly
tho euso. It appears that the returns of
tho crusade this yonr woro far from sat-
isfuctory. Hence tho eompluint. Just
why those who oro Usually ripe for the
plucking wore less plentiful or less res*
ponsivo to tho touch this season is not
elenr, but thore arc several reasons that
might be offered, nny ono of which
would, bo likoly to! explain tho mystory.
For instance, it mny be that so many
tng days havo been held during the pnst
year, and tho response thereto has been
so generous, that tho erstwhile donorists
cash box hns beon so seriously doploted
of its contents thnt it was no longer
possible for him to furnish his usual
quota of "pot-boiling" fuel for tho
grout Salvation Army annual episode,
if this be tho correct explunution, nnd
the war is to continue for nnothor yenr,
with the ordinary accompaniment of tng
dnys that has marked its progress thus
far, the "worthy poor" who aro accustomed to obtain thoir Christmas cheor
from tho Salvation Army stew pot, will
noxt yenr bo compelled to tnko their
gujol cold. Thore will not bo fuel
enough to evon wnrm the pot, let nlono
boil its contents.
* *       *
Tho spectacle of females of varying
vintago standing around upon tho stroot
corners thumping a tin-pot, hung upon
a tripod, to tho dolorous tuno of " keep*
tho-pot-a-boiling," for tho dubious ns
well as doubtful purpose of enabling tho
dull-witted passerby to succor the poor
and needy by proxy, is not a particularly inspiring sight. But when this pot-
tlumping hint to sholl out is conducted
by a walloping big two-flstod lout, whom
nature has ovidontly cquippod for indus*
trinl service, or for tho trenches lit the
front, the spectacle becomes so nauseating as to be quito capablo of disgusting
mnny a well-dispoaod nnd philanthropi-
cnlly-inclined person nnd cause him to
cinch up his purse strings and pass by
upon tho othor sido. It is moro thnn
likoly thut this is what has happened,
nnd whicli hns cnusod such an alarming
falling off of revenue to tho Booth bri
gade.
* *      *
Tho Federationist would beg to respectfully suggest to each nnd every one
possessing physical fitness for military
service, nnd boing dosirous of attnining
to military distinction and honor, that
they cut out this opera bouffe war
against a mythical devil and offer thoir
services ut once to tho Canadian military authorities for tho purpose of tak*
ing pnrt of real warfaro against equally
real enemies, who seriously threaten to
disrupt that civilization that has ^oo.
bounteously provided tho time, the circumstances and ihe poor, for the Booth
fnmily. Frightfulness, wo may be sure,
is as impotont to frighten tho devil, aa
the samo gospol aud practice is to frighten tho allied enemies of tho Teutonic
empires. This "pot-boiling" humbug
never relieved any appreciable number
of the poor, nor did it wipe out the
causo of poverty, except to those high
priosts of tho art of beggary, who havo
officered and manipulated the vulgar
and pernicious scheme. It is time these
mnlo "pot-boilers" were aont to tho
front. At least they would be doing
more good for thoir country and just as
much for tho poor as they are doing
now.
to make such a policy tho basic principle following the precedent long since ob*
When a woman, "past the age or con
ditlou where she can atract love or inspire joy," wishes to amuse her wealthy
JOHN A. BARBER
Fire
Life
Automobile
Marine, etc.
ESTATES MANAGED, VALUATORS
690 Richards Street     Sey. 4434
Insurance
bone of taxation of wur profits in placo
of the ment of nationalization of industries. '
In the last number of Tho Citizen,
Los Angeles, may be found u very graceful tribute to labor, paid for, we fancy,
nt advertising rates, by no Iosb a person-
age than tho mayor of that city. This
good man says that: "In the final analysis every man reeoives that to which he
is justly entitled." Very good, very
good; but will the dear man pleaBo tell
us whether we are to got it now, or not
until after wo are dendt
Six hundred Polish housewives of Milwaukee, in mass-meeting assembled, decided to purchase no butter and eggs for
ono month, in an effort to reduce prices.
That is good and sensible. Let us organize "One Big Union," and all hands
join it, and refuse to purchase anything
until tho price has been reduced to the
standurd that meets with the approval
of our union, and thus put the kibosh on
extortionate prices for all time to come.
Is there any one so dense as to fail to
see that such a line of action would be
bound to wint We have listened too
long to silly talk about the high cost of
living. The time for action has arrived.
Let ub up and at theso food pirates in
tho name of "justice," and the future
is ours.
To sign or not to sign seems to be a
niomentuous question with large numbers of anxious workors. Roully, it
doean't mutter much whatever is dono.
Tho whole scheme is puorile, inadequate
und cannot bo made workable unless
everybody supports it voluntarily, there
being no mothod provided to enforce it.
And it is not likely to got much voluntary support because the government
ind the National Servico commission
have not the confidence of the pooplo.
Through closo application to their onerous duties and with true Spartan denial, the owners of. the U. S. Steel corporation laboriously gathered $81,000,-
000 in net profits during the lust three
months. Their free and independent
wnge workors gathered nothing during
that period. They didnot have to. All
of which goeth to ab«w how much moro
easy, pleasant and desirable it is to bo
nn independent wugo sluvo than an overworked and heavily burdened owner and
muster.
Wu Ting Fang, tho newly-appointed
foreign minister of China, declares ho
Books to maintain most-cordial relations
between American and China, aud to
increase commercial relations" bo-
tweon thom. And there is no logical
reason why such relations should not bo
fostored and extended by both countries.
Commorcial rolations imply merely plun-
dor-swapping activities, and there is
much plundor to be swapped off now,
and potentially much moro for the futuro. Whatever extension of facilities
for swapping it off may occur Bhould be
thankfully received and enthusiastically
welcomed by the pi underbuild of ull
lands, uud what othor section of human
society skoufrL.be considered in the mat-
tor nnyhowf Long livo the plunder-
bund and success to its schemes to dispose of tho swag.
A Lithunian minister down in Connecticut recently had to face a jury trial
on a chargo of blasphemy, under a law
puBsed 274 years ago. This law forbids
calling into question "any portion of
holy writ." ThiB wicked minister had
the temerity to express his doubt of tho
yarn about Adam having eaten an npplo
nnd Jonah having gwnllowod a whale.
It is evident thnt "safety first" will
compel the dweller *n tho "Nutmeg
Stnte" to bring his proof with him in
tho future, whenover he feels constrained to doubt any holy fable.
An American entomologist expert hns
discovered some now evidence bearing
upon the case against Adam, the biblical
father of the human race. According to
this nuthority, "Eve was not Adam's
first wife. Many yenrs before ho mot
Eve he wus married to Lillith, a blonde,
with hair liko ropes of gold." This appears to afford a reasonable explanation
why so many of Adam'B mafleulino descenders are prono to weakness in tho
presence of blondes who aro not overripe in yenrs.  We inherited it, by goBh.
'ho recommendation of the representatives of tho Trados and Labor Congross of Canada that the membership
comply with tho government's request
ro thc filling in of tho registration cards
will help to let tho government out of u
bud hole. Wo ure not sure but what tho
attitude tnkon by the Trndes and Labor
councils of Winnipeg nnd Calgary is entirely justified as a rebuke to the policy
thus far pursued by the Dominion governmont. The fact that R. B. Bennett
ia at the head of the National Servico
commission, and that Labor is wholly
unrepresented thereon, Ib enough to
queer even a Much better proposition.
And then tuke a peek at who is the
director for British Columbia—R. F.
Greenl
"A great cry for a littlo wool,"
Farmer Jonea said when he sheared hiB
old bow. Thia sooms to aptly apply to
the dispatches ao, prominently displayed
In the daily press giving details of the
intorview of the representative of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
with the Dominion government. R. B.
Bennett, for the government, explained
to tho labor men that the proposed
scheme of registration meana little or
nothing, and the latter decided to re-.
commend to their affiliated membership
that it be complied with. It is regrettable that the representatives of Congress did not make the demand for the
nationalization of munitions production
their strong point. Sir Robert Borden
skilfully threw them the promise of the
VANCOUVER UNIONS
iKAUiiS AND LABOR C-JUNCIL—MEETS
li ra t und lliird Thursdays. Executive
board; .Iuiiium II. McVoty, president: It. N.
Myles, vice-president; Victor It. Midgley,
general aeeretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
knowles, treasurer; W. li. Cotterill, statlstl-
dan; Lorgoaut-aVariua, Jobn Sully; A, J.
Crawford, Jas. Luiupbell, J. BroultH, truiteei.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL—
Moots second Monday in tbe mouth.
President,   J.   McKinnon;   secretary,   K.  U,
Mealapda, P. 0. Box tffl,	
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 070.—Office,
Room 208 Labor Temple, MeeU fint
Sunday of eaoh month. Preaident, Jamea
Campbell; flnanolal aeoretary, H, Davis, Boi
424; phone, Soy. 4762; recording aeoretary,
Wm. Mollishaw, Globe Hotel, Main itreet.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' 1NTERNATION-
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
MoetB 2nd and 4th lusuays in the monthi
Room 205 Labor Temple. Preildent, L. K.
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Orant, 601 Georgia
Btreet.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1—
Meets every 1st and Srd Tuesday, 0
p.m., Room 807. President, P. Dickie; oor*
responding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 68;
financial secretary, \V. J. Pipes; business
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 216.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. 0.
U. B. W. ot A.—Meets flrst and third
Monday of each month, Room 602, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, R. N. Myles; aeoretary. Prank Graham, 2268 Twelfth avenne
west.
BROTHERHOOD OP BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meets
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. Preildent,
A, Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue west;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THI
Pacific—Meets at 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday,  7  p.m.    Russell Kearley, business
agent.
Bi^wo3irvbRp|tS; local no. lit
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
overy Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording secretary, R. N. Elgar, Labor Tomple; financial
secrotary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 88-52—Office and hall,
10 Powell street.    Meets every Thursday 8
&*in.    Geo. Thomas, busineBB agent; Thomaa
ixon, socretary.   	
MACHINISTS, NO. 18^MEHs""S£COND
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.r. Presidont, Wm. Small; recording secretary, J.
BruokB; financial secretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Temple. Soymour 7495.
MOVING PICTURE-MACHINE OPErX
tors' Union, Local 348, I. A. T. S. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday of each
month. Room 204, Labor Temple. President*
J. C. Lackance; business agent, W. E. McCartney; financial and corresponding secretary, H. C. Roddan, P. 0. Box 845.
We note tho uppenl of the Imperial
Munitions board, in the daily press, to
tho munition workers of Canada to foro-
go tho Now Year holiday in tho interest
of increased output. Tho appeal shows
that the good will and co-operation of
I ho workers' is both appreciated and
so-aght aftor by the Imperial govornment, and wo sincerely trust thut it will
bo met with u willing cotnpliunco on the
part of tho workers. Even though tho
extra labor given to the work must result in extra profits to exploiters, let us
forgot it for the time being until the
united labor forcos of the country can
force the government to nationalize tho
munitions industries, together with all
other necessary industries. And while
the authorities are about it, would it not
bo a happy thought to have this appeal
to munition workors to forego their holidays published in the Chink, Jap nnd
Hindu language? They have not had
the experience of having their demands
for union recognition ignored and will
tlieroforo no doubt be uble to respond
with a glow of patriotic fervor to suid
appeal.
"You have asked for an assurance
that undor no circumstances will conscription bo undertaken or carried out.
As I atated to you at our interview, I
must decline to give any such assurance.
I hope thut conscription may not bo
nocoaaary, but if it should prove the
only effective method to preaerve the
oxistonco of the state and of the institutions and liberties which we enjoy, I
should coi.sider it necessnry, und I
should not hesitate to act accordingly."
—Excorpt from a lotter writton by Sir
Robert Borden, primo minister of the
Dominion government to tho oxocutivo
of tho Trados and Lnbor Congress of
Canada. This is the moat outspoken
and manly Btand yet taken by nny member of tho government and we fail to
aee in it anything that a brave and truo
citizen ahould fear. Conscription, if
necessary, yes—but conscription of industries first; conscription of labor aecond, with adequate representation ot
Labor in tho conduct of government
and industry. Sir Robert, however, haa
mado' it tolerably plain that so far he
hns considered the conscription of workers as the first, InBt and only aspect of
the situation.
"If we won't pay theae
Hold-up foes,
Why, we can starve to
Death, or freeze."
llnion
MADE
Seer ^ f
^S&> Of America
cowmcHT amp! HmwEcimwip
Vote against prohibition I Demand psr*
■onal liberty in choosing wbat yon will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, u a guarantee that ft u On-
'on Hade. This la ou Labal
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUK OP NORTH
America—Vancouvor and vicinity.—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Temple. Preiiidont, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avonue west; financial aeeretary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argyla
streot; recording socretary, E. Westmoreland,
1612 Yew street.   Phune Bayvlew 2698L.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployoes, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Templo, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottwll;
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting, 2581 Trinity street,
phone Highland 108R; financial secretary and
business agont, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drlvo, offico corner Prior nnd Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Tuesday in ench month, 8 p.m. President, Francis Williams; vice-president. Miss
H. Gutteridge; rocordlng secretary, 0. McDonald, Box 503; financial secretary, H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 508.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226^-Meets
last Sunday of ench month at 2 p.m.
President, H. C. Benson; vico-presldent,
W, R. Trottor; secrotary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU
in annual convention In January. Exeoutlve officers, 1916-17: President, Jaa. H. MoVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Siverts;
New Westminster, W, Yates; Prince Rupert,
W, E. Thompson, P. 0. Box 168; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart: District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; Dlstriot 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crows Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-trcasu-er, A. S. Wells. P.
0. Box 1688, Victoria, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA, B, 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meets flrst and third Wednesday,
Labor Hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p.m. President, E. Christopher, Box 887;
viee-preBident, Christian Siverts, 1278 Den-
man street; secretary. B. Simmons, Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0,
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
OPERATING ENGINEERS—Local 448,
Victoria, B. 0. P. 0. address Box 92. Local
union meets flrst and third Sunday, 10 a.m.
Plaoe of meeting. Labor Hall, DoCosmos blk.
Presidont, J. Johns, 822 Dallas road; secretary, J. M. Amer, 1045 McCluro street; business agent, S. Cullum, phone HOlR;	
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meets seeond Sunday of eaoh montb at 1*80
p.m.   Secretary, F. .W. Jameson, Box 496,
PRINCE BUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LABOB
Oouncll—Meets Becond and fourth Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters' hall. President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, J. 3.
Anderson, Box 278, Prince Ruport, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLINGTON, T, Z.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. OF A.—
Meots second and fourth Sunday of each
month, at 8.80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. I ven;
rocordlng secretary, Jas. Bateman; financial
secretary, S. Portray; treasurer, J. H, Richardson.
STVOFSIS   OF   OOAL   MINING   BBQULaV
TIONS.
Coal-mining rights of tha Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, tbe Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more tban 2,660 aores will be leased to ont
applicant. ' J
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant tn person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district In which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must ba described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in unsurreyed territory tbe
tract applied (or aball ba staked by the applicant himself.,
Each application mnst ba accompanied by
a fee of 85, which will be refunded If tha
rights applied for are not available bat not
otherwise; A royalty shall be paid on tha
merchantable output of tha mine at tha rata
of five centa per ton.
The person operating the mine ehall furnish tbe Agent with sworn returns accounting for tbe fall quantity of merchantable
coal mined and par the royalty thereon, if
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least onoe
The leaae will Include tbe eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to pnrohase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate of 110 aa tare.
For full Information application should ba
made to the Secretary of the Department of
-the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Bab* ,
Agent of Dominion Lands,
W. H. OORT.
Deputy Minister of tha Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thla ad
rertlrwnini* »'" tot he paid for— 80690
■ £BIDAY December 29, .1916
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE
Our Annual Sale
ofWhite
STARTS ON
JANUARY 2, 1917
with the greatest array of bargains this store has
ever offered.
SEE SPECIAL SALE WINDOW
Mffi^BudsonsBaaujjnipani). ffl
\^ .  _J isaataasana  wa     twwmr t w-wfiT twin mhmudmib ( ^_W J
Granville and Georgia Streete
^     TO THE THOUSANDS
OF THOSE
WHO DRINK AND ENJOY
$€^
The Beer Without a Peer
We extend our very best wishes
for a
HAPPY AND PROSPEROUS
NEW YEAR
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
—LET THE—
Hillcrest dairy
Bupply you with pure, fresh Milk—Oars is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—hnving every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used. The
milk comes from the Fraser River Valley.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT 1934
THE HILLCREST DAIRY
131 FIFTEENTH AVENUE WEST
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from tie finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Salt at all Liquor Stores ln
VANCOUVEB AND VIOTOBIA
The merchant who does not advertise at all may
or may not be your friend, Mr. B. C. Worker, but it
is a foregone conclusion that he who liberally patronizes the columns of all other papers and refuses to
advertise in The Federationist, now the only Labor
paper published west of Winnipeg, is not looking for
your patronage; does not wish it and is not desirous
of your patronage.
Prepare Now to
Enjoy the Holidays, the
Spirit of Good Christmas Cheer
There is no place for toothache at the family board when
Old Santa comes around. Christmas cheer can not be enjoyed by the toothless or by those who have only half their
teeth,
My Permanent Crowns and Bridges are quickly and painlessly fitted into the alignment of your teeth. Only very
little time is required for the necessary attention to your
teeth. Two or three sittings, occupying but a few minutes
at a time, ai.d you will be equipped with new teeth that are
beautiful in their accurate resemblance to nature, thorough
and sound in workmanship and accurate in their bite, The
beBt of golds, the best platinum pins, interchangeable teeth
reinforced on their biting surfaces.
Leave Tour Fears Behind, I Will Not Hurt You
Tel. Sey. 3331 For A Free, Examination.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
•02 HASTINGS STREET
Cer. Savmour
Offleii
_V*n
Tueiday ud
Friday
Ennlnn
nth ft
Eight
Ofllcei
open
Saturdays
to One p.m.
WINNIPEG TRADES
SAY NO
Opposed to the Registration
Scheme of the Ottawa
Government
The Resolution Condemning
It Brings Out But One
Dissenting Vote
WINNIPEG TRADES and Labor
couneil last week went definitely
und emphatically on record us opposed
to registration, Bays the Voice. Thero
was a large attendance of delegates and
visitors. The' announcement that Secretary Rigg hud gone east in tho morning
to join a deputation to the government
at Ottawa had evidently led to the conclusion that the question would be up
for discussion.
The Social-Democratic party sent a representative to report that its convention had been unanimous in opposition
to the proposed registration.
Representatives of several of the affiliated unions reported that their organizations had already taken action.
There was a long ruic warm discussion, for being almost entirely onesided it could not be called a debate.
A number of fiery speeches were made
by visitors not members of the council,
most of whom got permission from the
chair to speak.
The Resolution Adopted.
The resolution finally adopted, with
but one dissenting voto, was as follows:
"Whereas, tho Trades and Labor
Congross of Canada, at the last session held in Toronto, adopted the following resolution: 'That this convention roaffirms the position taken at
the Vancouver convontion, and registers an emphatic "Nol " to anything
that savors of registration or conscription.';
"Therefore be it rosolved, that this
Trades and Labor council in regular
session assembled, does hereby again
endorse the resolution adopted by the
Trades Congress, and calls upon Congress nnd nil its affiliated bodies to
stand by the declaration against registration nnd conscription, and that
a committee of seven bo appointed as
an anti-registration committeo. Be it
further resolved, thnt the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada bo requested to issue a circular to all its affiliated bodies calling upon them to
support the resolution adopted at
Vancouver nnd Toronto by opposing
in every wny possible the proposed
registration."
Some of the Speakers.
Del. Ward, noting for a committee nppointed to draft it, submitted tho resolution. A good deul of preamble and
whereases wero dropped off hi order that
the message might be wired tu Ottawa.
Is the signing of the registration
curds compulsory? was a question which
was advanced from many quarters.
Solieitor Murray said that he was not
in it position to express nn opinion on
that point.
President Veitch contended that
whether or nutTtlie act makes it obligatory on the working clnss it should refuse to sign—in the face of the grnft
which hus been rampant in the handling
of war supplies in this country; in the
face of thc way they havo treated soldiers and their dependents he thought
tho men wero fully .-justified in refusing
to accept any cards which the government might introduce,
W. H. Hoop thought that the working
class would be .instilled in resisting tho
registration. It led, he said, to one
goal, tho controlling of the working
clnBs bv tho capitalists. The flrst stop
should be to pool the nation's wenlth.
The capitalist clnss had wealth to lose;
the producing class little or none. Without wealth they hnd no rights. War
was inseparable from capitalist development. They eould protest as they liked,
but what effect would that havo. It
would be a choice simply between
"Hoop you hnve to go to the front and
be shot of if you prefor it you can remain hero and moet with a similar
fate." Two million cords were being
sent out, and if n largo proportion were
returned tho government would concludo
thnt saeh number approved of tho action taken.
A machinist declnred thot he absolutely refused to Bign tho card whatever
might be the consequences. Let them
follow this courso ond show that we aro
not tho slaves our rulers hafl Imagined.
George Armstrong taunted the Labor
Congress with hnving in tho enrly stages
of the war suggested that "the" Empiro
should see this wnr through," and when
the pinch had come to bo no bitterly opposed to whnt they had partially acquiesced in. "They talk nf patriotism
tn the Empire. What interest has the
workingman in this Empire more thnn
in nny other; they were exploited nlike
in nil." He believed thnt the labor men
were tnn later In the field; they should
hnve expressed their sentiments nt a
much earlier period.
Looks Like Campaign Dope.
Del. McCormick wondered if lobnr
hnd taken the same attitude In 1914 all
over tho world would we bo sitting hore
tonight. He thought the question was
being token too soriously. To his mind
the oratory which had been heard in
the west was the opening guns of the
federal election campaign. The governmont was feeling like losing its polt in
thc west,
Del. Puttee snid thot registration was
being put forward by itB BponBors ns being a mobilization of the industrial
forces of the country in order that production might bo carried nn nt its highest, but Lnbor tonk it to bo n stepping
stnne to conscription as it had been so
used in Britain. The Dominion government hnd not dnne anything yet to meet
the situation caused by the wnr, it had
not nationalized tho railways or the industries, yet hero it wns prnpnsing thnt
it should have control of labor to move
it here or there to work for private concerns and produce profits for them in'
keeping with the larger profits which
they havo made since the war began.
There, was not a railway nor a manufacturing concern which was suffering for
want of labor, und all could get all they
want by offering wages which would
give the worker a chance to keep oven
with the increasing coBt of everything.
Aid. Simpson said that until the government was going to do something to
protect the peoplo of the country they
should resist registration.
Visiters Took a Hand.
Del. Queen said he would be pleased
to be uppointod on an anti-registration
committee. Put on it representatives of
the trados council, social-democrats, socialists, single tax and all other associations.
Anbther speaker—not a delegate—
informed the council that women hnd
been introduced in the railway shops at
Montreal. The machinists had decided
to oppose registration and would go on
strike, even if they went to the poniten-
tiary for it. Baron Shaughnessy had
said that every woman in the shops
meant another man in the trenches with
a gun ,and they objected to that kind
of compulsion.
To Back Up Resolution,
On motion of Del. Durwnrd, seconded
by Del. Hoop, an addition wns made to
the motion by appointing an anti-registration committee composed of the labor
representatives on the public bodies.
The Only "Objector."
Del. Wakefield suggested that the resolution should read "socialists," instead of "this trades council." When
tho vote was taken by a standing vote,
Del. Wakefield was the only one to rise
in opposition.
Additions to Oommlttee.
As soon as tho resolution carried the
council added the following names to
the committee: Delegntes Tipping, Hoop,
Veitch, Gothard, Russell, Durward,
Guthrie, Rose, Slater, Manning, Eorun,
L. Geller and G. Armstrong.
"Dick" Rigg at Ottawa,
The executivo committee reported
that in response to a wire from President Watters, of the Trades Congress,
it had given R. A. Rigg, secretary, leave
of absence, to attend with a Congress
delegation to wait on the Dominion government re registration, on Saturday.
Protest Meetings Follow.
To protest against the National Service movement, a crowd turned out at
the Lubor Temple. Sunday afternoon
which filled the four largest halls in the
building, and at each of the meetings
the strongest opposition was oxprossed
to the scheme. In fact, the only dissenting voice was that of E. R, Chapman, director of the movement for this
district, who addressed each of the gatherings, and pointed out that thc scheme
was not designed for nny purpoBe which
would result in injuring the working-
man.
Opposed to Registration.
Socialists representing the English,
Jewish, Rutheniun, Polish, Lettish, women 's nnd juvenile locals, Winnipeg,
last weok adopted tho following resolution: "The Winnipeg locals of the Social Democratic party, in convention assembled, declare opposition to the action of the Dominion govornment in imposing registration on the mole population of the country. Our opposition is
based on the following grounds: Recent
events in Great Britnin prove that registration is but the first step toward imposing conscription on the mnle population. If it is argued that all the country's resources should be thrown into
the prosecution of the war, then we
maintain the first step a responsible
government should take would be tn
register and conscript the whole wenlth
of tho country beforo calling upon the
man-power of that country. On these
grounds we believe that it is in tho
best interests of tho working class to refuse to register."
LETTERS TO
TUT
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Cigarmakers' union 278 of London, Ont., again
wish to call your attention to their
striko in the factory of Vallens & Co,
nnd to let you know how wo aro pro>
gressing in our efforts to increase our
bill of prices and create a greater demand for union-mnde cigars throughout
the Dominion. This firm, as you already
havo been informed in our circular No,
1 refused to even consider an increnso
for the cignrmakers, but instend opened
n factory in Windsor nnd employ nlmost solely girls from the trust fact
rles.
We tried to get assistance from the
government on this phase of the situn-
lion, and to have thiB importation of
labor stopped, but wo have met with
little success, so it therefore becomes
necessary for us to depend sololy on organized labor, for if Ihey will refuse to
smolfo cignrs that do not bear tho union
blue labol, it is reasonable to suppose
that tho firms that do not use our Inbel
will not havo a market for their gonds,
and as businoss men they will look for
ihe cause and open up negotiations with
tho Cignrmakers' union for tho use of
their label, which can only be granted
under fair conditions and according to
our bill of prices.
We recognize the purchasing power of
womon at this time nf thc year, sn get
busy nmong your friends nnd see that
all cigars fnr the "boys at tho front"
and other Christmas gifts bear tho blue
label, and get your label committees to
work and givo our blue label a boost
for "united wo stand and divided wo
fall," and wo arc relying on your undivided support in our straggle with
Vallens & Co. nnd again call your attention to Ln Preferoncin to let you know
thnt it does not bear tho blue label, and
trust thot you will act accordingly.
Thanking you for past favors and
nsking for a continuance of your support.
Special Blue Label Com. Union 278.
London, Ont., Dec. 16.
The Internotionnl Union of Mino,
Mill nnd Smelter Workers is the name
thnt the historic Western Federation of
Minors will be known by in the futuro,
The recent A. F. of L. convention nt
Baltimore agreed to tho change of title
nnd the union is now arranging its affairs accordingly.
All thc best things and treasures of
this world aro not tn be produced by
oach generation fnr itself; but wo nro
all intended, not to carve our work in
snow thut will molt, but each and all
of us to bo continually rolling a great
white gathering snowball, higher nnd
higher, larger and larger, along the
Alps of human power.—Ruskin.
Victoria Claims Distinction
of Bting First to Have
8-Hour Day
Boyal City and Vancouver
Lodges Increasing Its
Membership
THE INTERNATIONAL Association
of Machinists are very much encouraged with the results they aro getting
from their organizing campaign in the
coast cities. Every meeting ne\y members are enrolled iu all locals, and never
a day passes, but some non-union machinist comos around of hiB own accord
asking for information and an application form. They"have uow as many
members between Vancouver and New
Westminster, as they hnd in tho whole
province four, months ago.
The competition for largest membership between Vancouver and Victoria
lodges is particularly interesting. While
Vancouver has the largest field to draw
from, it has only seven of a lead.
Eight-hour Day Established.
Victoria has the distinction of being
the ilrst city in Canada to establish the
8-hour work day for machinists. Every
shop in Victoria is on the 8-hour basis,
and the members have established a
minimum rate of 45c per hour throughout the city, to say nothing of other
conditions. The.minimum rate in the
navy yard was recently raised to 60c,
after a long siege of negotiations, which
extended over some months.
Lowest Wages in Vancouver.
The machinists in Vancouver are the
lowest paid in the Dominion, nil due to
lack of organization. However, now
that they are beginning to realize that
the only way th'ey can get increases of
n permnnent nnture, nnd improve their
conditions goperally, is through organization, the union boys hope to bo able
to put them nenrer where they ought to
be within the next few months.
Membership Growing.
The flrst of the year is going to see
a very rapid growth in membership. A
number of nnmes nf machinists who
have signified their intention of becoming members as soon as the holiday sea-
Bon is ovor, have been obtained, so that
the prospects for the coming year are
very bright.
Flourishing In the Royal Oity.
The New Westminster lodge has got
a splendid stnrt and the officers say thnt
within the next three mnnths, the machinists in that city will be 100 per cent,
organized.
Organizer McCallum Busy,
Orgnnizer McCnllum will remain on
the coast for some months to continue
the campaign. He is over in Victoria
this week.
IDAHO COMPENSATION AOT
Trades Union Framers of Measure Pol
lowing B. O Closely.
Mr. C. 0. Young, general orgnnizer of
the American FederaMon of Labor, now
located at Boise, Idaho, whero he is assisting in securing tho passnge of a
workmen's compensntion act, haa written to President McVety, of the B. C.
Federation of Lnbor, inviting him to nt-
tend the Becond annual convention of
the Idaho State Federation of Labor, to
be hold in Boise on the 13th of next
month.
"Tho liability insurance companies
are vory busy now, even before our bill
is drawn," writes Mr. Young, in asking
for information how best to meot their
case against exclusive stnte insurance.
"With the exception of n few minor ul-
terntions, we hnve copied your act cem-
plete. I have in my possession most of
tho acts of this country, nnly a few of
which aro worth much, but of those thut
are recognized us good acts, among them
being that of Ohio, not one of thom is
nearly as good as tho British Columbia
measure. I wish to say that the follows
who put that bill together had their
heads working," concludes tho writer
in a long letter explaining the troubles
thc Idaho boys aro meeting with in con-
ncctinn iwth their bill.
WORKERB MUST ORGANIZE
No Comprehensive Programme Possible
Without Definite Flan.
"Organized lnbor cannot advance ex
cept through the organization nf the
workors," says tho Los Angeles Citizen,
"Tho real test is the extent in which it
hns succeeded in enlisting in its ranks
the working element of the community.
Nothing can take the place of organizo
tlon. The business of those entrusted
with tho destinies nf tho labor movement is to get the largest possiblo number nf workers into the lnbor nrganlza-
tlons. The official nr agent who is neglecting this for nny cause is a failure.
The enemies of orgnnized tabor know
that the thing they havo most to fear
is organization, and so they do their utmost to prevent it. They keep the members and their officinl representatives
busy with things thnt havo no particu
lar ndvnnlage to the mnvement. They
lend thom off with false pnlitical issues.
They inspire dissntisfnclinn with the
nfficials and agencies that are most ac-
tlyo and effective in the work of nrgnni-
station! Anything to keep bnck tho real
progress of orgnnized labor."
Undor capitalism one man's loss is
another's gnin. An Buropenn soldier
InscB a leg, some manufacturer of artificial limbs gain a profit. Great sys'
torn!—Appeal to Renson.
To the Trade
Unionists of Canada
When you got tired hunting for
Boclnliflt news in capitalist papers,
subscribe for Tbt Milwaukee
Loader, tbo big socinlist daily.
Samples on request. Milwaukee,
Wis.
The Daily Milwaukee Leader and
The Pedoratloniat, one year, 11.GO.
DAVID SPENOEE, LTD.
I
DAVID SPENCEB, LID.
WE are HEADQUARTERS for
Men's Coat Sweaters
VV7E have always made provision for taking care
" of the Men's Sweater business, and there is
never a time that you can come to Spencer's and fail
to find a Sweater of the right style, right weight and
right price to suit you. Already this season we. have
sold several thousands, for the fact of this store's
pre-eminence in this line is well-known. Pride of
place belongs to "Pride of the West" brand coats,
which sell here for $6.75 and $7.50, and are available
in the most wanted colors. We have a very good
coat at $3.95, and of course both higher and lower
prices. Let us show you some of them more intimately.
—Main Floor, East Wing
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENOEE, LTD.
DATS) SPENOEE, LTD.
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
Offlce: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue Eut.  Tel. Fairmont 1607
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
PURE FOOD
There is nothing in the nature of compound*, in the
FAMOUS "SQUIRREL" RRAND
PEANUT BUTTER
which is an absolutely pure food, both nourishing and delicious.
Made up to a standard and sold at the standard price of 26c per
1-lb., in bulk and in 1-lb. tins.
IT'S MADE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
We recommend that readers of The Federatlonist try a poind tin.
Seymour 1115 1285 PENDER STREET WEST
3Hours-That,sAll3
Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker You Need
ten       ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
SUB.
CARDS
$10
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or mote members of any tradea union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $ 1 per year.
After the War
-What?
INCREASED production will be necessary
if Canada and the Empire are to maintain their place among the nations of the
world and to pay for the enormous cost of
this war.
Electric power plays an important part in
developing this country's resources and increasing its exports.
What will be Vancouver's share? With
an ample supply of electric power ready for
use at rates which compare favorably with
any other city in Canada, economical production is possible for any manufacturer. ,
Wo invite you to consult our power experts, who
cun advise as to increasing the production o£ a factory by the use of thc electric drive
A telephone call to tlie sales engineer (Seymour
5000) will bring our representative to your office.
(J$€&bt$nc
SERVICE 24 HOURS A DAY PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY December 20, 1916
On distinctive and exquisite lines the
new Semi-ready models are minutely
tailored by expert tailors.
These are not ready-made factory
garments—but are tailored by men who
know—are shape-stayed and stitched
with the best silk thread.
The price in the pocket—the label
tells the exact worth of each garment,
whether it be $20, $25 or more.
THOMAS & McBAIN
PHONE SEY. 417
(Sole Agents for Vancouver;
&rmi-r*a2ty tailoring
655 GRANVILLE STREET VANCOUVER, B. C.
A  Complete Inventory of
Canadian Man-power
to Be Made
Military Purpose Behind the
Scheme Is Plainly
Apparent
FREE HOMESTEADS
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of J*. 0. E. Bailway open park line landa. The finest mixed
farming lands in the province.    tit^#_$_fa*Q*w-   ^%^-■•      ' ■-■
Oood water, beat of hunting and fishing. The settlers who have gone
in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
PACIFIC OEEAT EASTERN RAILWAY
Welton Block. Vancouver
Great Northern Transfer Co.
LIMITED
(McNeill, welch a wilson, limited)
Cartage Agents—Furniture, Piano and Safe
Removers.
Baggage, Express and Motor Truck Service
80 Pender East Phones, Day and Night, Sey. 604-605
Nearly 2000 Copies
Sold since Nov. 1st
Orders from miners' unions, central labor bodies,
local unions, S. P. of C, S. D. P. of C, have been received, as well as mail orders from here and there
all over the world.
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
[BY E. T. KINGSLEY]
□
It has been universally
pronounced "worth
while." You should read
it some evening this
winter.
In lots of less than 100 copies, per copy,
10 cents postpaid.
In lots of 100 or more, at 5 cents per
copy.
This little booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding thc economic basis of capitalist society, and thc
position occupied by the working class within it.
It clears up much that has long confused, not only the
workers themselves, but many others who have given thought
to thc vexations and anomalies of modern civilization.
It is invaluable to every student of social phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working class.
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, for distribution
among members, either for sale or otherwise.
The B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
'™' ' flood for ono yen's subscription to Tbe 37
. -.   r*a,*r tt*\   /-*A  nnn J> fadwatton.it. wlil b" tn»ll"d to sny ad-
1UOU Oi ^rilXJ-^Wouiddo of Vancouver olty.)    Order ten to-
day.   Remit whan told.
LABOR ORGANIZATIONS throughout Canada have recently been discussing the field of work whieh tho National Service commission will cover iu
connection with the Dominion's share in
the great world war. Until this week
much of this discussion was "in the
dark" as information waB not available
as to the powers granted the commission or tho definitions of its scope.
As the outcome of the recent conference of tho coaat members of the B, C.
Federation of Labor with Premier Borden and lt. B. Bennett, Al. i\, director-
general of the commission, held at the
Hotel Vancouver on Dec. lti, The Fedorationist is this week able to give the
full text of the government enactments
creating the commission, which define
its duties and field of operations.
The enactments may properly be divided into three parts: The original order-
in-council providing for tho appointment of a Public Service committee
operating under the commission.
Scope of Commission.
The original order-in-council under
which the commission was established,
was passed Out 5, under the provisions
of the War Measures Act of 1014, and
reads as follows:
1. Tho governor-in-council'mny appoint a director-general of National
Service (hereinafter called the direcor-
general), who, under the prime minister,
shall bo charged with the duty of directing, supervising and co-ordinating the
work of the directors of National Service.
2. The governor-in-council may appoint for each military district one or
more directors of National Service
(hereinafter called directors) who, uu-,
der the director general, shall bo charged with tho duties hereinafter mentioned.
3. The powers and duties of a director shall be as follows:
(a) To make himself acquainted
with the nature and importance of the
various industries (agriculture, manufacturing, mining, lumbering, fishing
and othors), which are being curried on
in any locality within his district.
M(b) For the purpose of obtaining
necessnry information respecting conditions of industry and employment from
timo to time, the directors or thc board,
as tho case may be, shall confer with
and receive communications from persons enguged in the industries hereinbefore mentioned und from any organizations especially interested, such ns agricultural societios, labor organizations
und manufacturers' associutions.
' (c) For tho purposo of maintaining and carrying on ull important industries and of affording to the greatest
possible number of men the opportunity
of military servico, to tako such measures as may bo expedient to have all
available labor in tho Dominion utilized
to tho greatest advantage, and with
that viow, to make an estimate of such
available labor.
Employment of Female Workers.
'(d) For tho like purpose to arrange as far us possible for tho employment of women in work within their
capacity where additional labor is necessary.
' (e) For tho purpose of securing
the largest available military forcos in
tho present war, to co-operate with and j
Th
January Sale of
Fine Muslin-
U underwear
Will Commence
Tuesday
With larger assortments  and  better
values than ever
before.
__  '.__- M
__■     __
m
Watch   further   announcements in the
daily papers.
I    @    |
__     __
0
575 Granville "Phont Sey. 3540
ed in the director or with any additional
powers.
Salaries from Dominion War Fund.
Clauses 4 and 5 of tho order-in-council
provide for the governor-in-council fixing from time to time the salaries of the
director-general and other officials and
that tho salaries and all expenses of the
commission shall bo paid out of tho
funds provided under the war appropriation acts.
Under tho abovo order, Sir Thomas
Tait waa appointed director-general of
the commission, He resigned during tho
organization period, however, as tho result of a dispute over thc designation of
tho secretary und R. B, Bennett, M. I?.
of Calgary was appointed in his place.
The directors appointed (one for each
Dominion military district), wore ns
follows: G. S. Campbell, Halifax; Capt.
L. D. T. Tilley, St. John; Lieut.-Col.
C. A. Chaveau, Quebec; J. H. Shearurd,
Montreal; Lieut.-Col, Arthur Mignault,
Montreal; Capt. W. N. Bowen, Kingston; Lieut.-Col. H. Brock, Toronto; K.
W. McKay, London; E. R, Chapman,
Winnipeg; A. L. Hainiag, Regina; Hon.
A. C. Rutherford, K. C, Edmonton; R.
F. Green, M. P. Victoria. Tho secretary
to'afford all powiWe"information To "tho jof^ho commission is C. W, Peterson,
military authorities engaged iu recruiting within his district.
"(f) To take into consideration the
character and importance of the employment in which any persons proposed to
bo recruited may be engaged und to notify the commanding officer of any unit
which is being recruited in nny locality
whether thc services of such porsons
would bo of moro valuo to the state in
tho employment in which they are engaged than if such persons were enlisted for active service In tho military
forces of Canada.
"(g) In case tho director determines thut tho services of any porson
arc of moro value to tho state in thc
employment in which ho is then ongag-
ed, such person shall not be enlisted in
thc military forces of Canada without
tho written authority oi! the director-
genoral.
" (h) The officer commanding any
unit which is being recruited in any
Saeh locality muy appeal, through the
regular channel from tho decision of the
director to tho director-general, whoso
decision shall be Ihuil.
' (i) The governor in council may at
tho instance of tho director-genernl appoint a National Servico board or
boards in any military district. Each
bonrd Bhall be composed of three persons
of whom thc director may bc onc; and
the director, if a member, shall be chairman cx-ofilcio. Tho ordor-in-cfiuncil appointing such board may invest the
board with any or all of tho powers and
duties which would bo otherwise invest-
The Federationist
has just completed arrangements with
Mr. Geo. F. Stirling
to make a tour of British
Columbia for tho purpose
of boosting its circulation.
Union officials and friends
and readers of The Federationist arc asked to extend all the co-operation
possible to Mr. Stirling.
He is well armed with a
knowledge of the international Labor movement, a
good speaker and an untiring worker.
Ottawa,
On Nov. 14 the original ordcr-in-couu-
cil was amended to provido for the addition of a director of munitions lnbor.
This director was to be appointed by
the governor-in-council on the recommendation of the imperial munitions
bonrd. He was to curry out such work
as the director-general and the Imperial
munitions board might direct from time
to time.
Under this amendment Murk A. Irish
was appointed us director of munitions
labor.
Registry of Public Servants.
On Nov. at) a further enactment was
made whicli provided for tho appointment of a Public Service committee to
assist the commission in carrying out its
work among the public servants of the
Dominion.
Clause 8 of this enactment outlines
tho scope of this committeo us follo.wsi
"The committeo shull establish a register of the ollicers und employees of
tlio government of Cannda aud shall
meet to consider nnd recommend such
effective measures as will insure tho
carrying on of the public services in
Cnnndn, nnd ut thc sumo time will givo
to tho greatest number of public servants an opportunity for enlistment for
militnry service."
It is provided thnt. all recommendations of this committeo must be npprov-
od by tho governor-in-council, and bo
carried out by it according to the orders
of tho director-goaernl.
The personnel of the Public Service
committee is as follows: Lieut.-Col. W.
P. Anderson, department of marine nnd
fisheries; Major G. A. Boll, department
of railways and canals, and A. Bolduc,
post offlce department,
REPRESENTED AT
Lack of Time Excuse Will
Hardly Go Down When
Facts Are Known
Premier Borden Knew of
Proposed Meeting on
Dec. 19th
Thero are somo sordid souls, grovelling in filth and orduro, to whom interest and gain are what glory and virtue
aro to superior souls; sensible of no
pleasure but one, which is ketting, or
nevor losing; covetous to a farthing,
buBicd wholly about their debtors,
dreading a loworing of the coin, absorbed in contrncts, purchases, bills of sale,
mortgages, and such instruments. Theso
pooplo are neither relations, friends,
citizens, Christians, nor even mon: thoy
have money.—La Bruyore.
Have you over tried a meal nt the
Dolmonico Cafe, just off Granville on
Robson Btreet. It's so difforent. All-
union, tool Somo chof. And speaking
of "servico"—that's tho word. Drop,
in tonight for dinner, or any old time..
Always open. ***■
SPEAKING TO The Fedorationist
with reference to tho interview of a
portion of tho executivo committeo of
tho Trades uud Lubor Congross of Canada with tho government on tho question of registration, President McVety,
of tho B. C. Federation of Lubor, said:
"It would be premature to pass judgment ou the recommendation of the majority of the Congress executivo for advising tho workers of Canada to fill-up
tho registration cards, until tho real
reasons underlying thut decision have
beon made known to tho membership."
"Knowing the sentiment in tho west,
and particularly in his own constituency
of Winnipeg," ho continued, "it is very
probable that tho government used better arguments thaa have appeared in
the public dispatches to convince R. A.
Rigg, M. L. A., that tho registration
scheme bodes any good for labor.
"In any cuso, thero will bo no harm
caused by the workmen delaying the return of the curds until sufficient time
hus elupsed to givo tho executive time
to explain."
Vice-president Watchman Absent.
Shown a statement in tho Winnipeg
Voice that Vice-presidout Watchman of
Victoria hud not been called to Ottawa,
because of insufficient time between the
arrangement for the meeting and the
date lixod, Mr. McVety said: "A most
remnrkuble excuse, Wir Robert Borden
wus ablo to advise Mr. Stevens, M. P.,
on December 111. thut the meeting of tho
oxecutive wus to bc held, this information being conveyed here by a telegram
from the prime minister from Moose
Jaw, and it is reasonable to assume that
President Watters and Secretury Draper
were uware of the meeting at leust as
early us Sir Robert Borden. If Vico-
prcsident Watchman hud been notified
on tho sumo date as Sir Robert, on the
19th, and thc meetiag did. not occur
until the 2lith, there elapsed a period of
seven days, ample timo for Vice-president Wutchmaa to have reached Ottawa.
"Whilo udmitting that the Congress
officers are chosea for other reasons than
geographical, the fact remains that tlie
real reason tho executive committee was
enlarged from three to five was to give
greater representation to the views of
the membership in the different sections
of the country, aud yet, on the lirst occasion when a full representation should
have been present, the three western
provinces nro uot represented, although
President Wattora assorts in a letter,
written on Bee, 18, 'It may interest you
to know that as yet I havo heard of no
sorious opposition to tho scheme outside
of Victoria und Vancouver?' Eithor
before tho date of tho letter, or immediately after, u meeting is decided upon,
but although tho two most westerly
points uro the only ones objecting, the
western representative is not sent for,
to ascertain just what uction is contemplated or suggested in tho west.
"If the territorial jurisdiction of the
Congress ends at Winnipeg," concluded
President McVety, "the por capita
should bc cut off at tho sume point."
"BROTHERHOODS" AWAKENING
Advance in Electrical World Sets Membership Thinking.
One of the most encouraging events
that happened at tho Baltimore couven
tion of tho Americaa Federation of
Labor was tho appoaranco at the convention of the chiefs of the Ruilway
Brotherhoods. Their speeches as well
as tho attitudo of the delegates to the
convention aro a hopeful indication that
tho brotherhoods, as well us thc delegates of the A. F. of L., aro beginning
to realize that labor fights are not the
exclusive interest of the particular industry involved. It is beginning to be
understood even by tho most conservative unionists that thero is, properly
speaking, no such thing as an individual
fight ou tho part of one crut't or industry undor the present industrial situation. And especially in view of thu tremendous combinations of capital, no
single labor organization, however big,
powerful or rich, cun hopo to win a big
fight against combined capital. And
capital is always combined, in tho fnce
of threatening Labor. It is thcrofore
vory oncouraglng to note that tho pow
crfldl Railroad Brothorhoods realize
that they alono cunnot wage a success
fill .struggle against the railroads, back
of whom is practically tho wholo financial strength of Wall street. As soon
us this necessnry understanding permeates tho grout body of the American
Federation of Labor wo shall have the
beginning of a really vital and ultimately successful labor movemont in this
country.
I OPPOSED TO
Delegates Will Vote Against
Plan of National Service Commission
Complete List of Officers of
Pioneer Division for
Ensuing Year
At tho meeting of Pioneer Division
of tho Street Railwuymcn on Wodnesduy
evening, tho question of tho registration
plan, which the National Sorvico commission proposes to put in forco throughout tho Dominion, was discussed. After
a full expression of opinion, a resolution
disapproving of the registration plan
wns passed, and tho delegates to tho
Trades and Labor council will oet accordingly, whon tho subject comes up
for discussion nt the central body next
wook.
Letters were received from candidates
for tho South, Vnncouver municipal
council, requesting the privilege of addressing a nieeting of the division with
reference to the coming oleetions. Tho
socrotary was instructed to reply thnt
any appeal the candidates had to make
to the street railwaymen, could bo made
with good effect through the columns of
Tho Federationist.
Division's New Officers.
The formal installation of tho officers
of tho division for the ensuing year
formed a part of thc ovoning's business,
tho poll for tho offices for which contesting candidates wero nominated having been held last week.
This poll wus thoroughly representative, 581 ballots boing cast. Tho successful enndidntes, with their respective
number of ballots, wns as follows:
President, J. Hubble, 274; 1st vice-
president, E. S. Clovelnnd, 287; record-
:ng secretary, A. V. Lofting, 296; finan-
•ini secretary, business agent and press
correspondent, F. A. Hoover, 339; 1st
conductor, F. Haigh, 321; auditors, E. S.
Cleveland, 1108; W. Murray, 302 and J.
Byron, 35li; delegates to Trades and
Labor council, W. H. Cottrell, 482; F. A.
Hoover, 459; R. E. Rigby, 447; F.
Haigh, 435; J. Hubble, 431; B. G.
Dnvies, 341; A. Mclnnes, 341; E. G.
Kermodc, 320.
Tho following wero choson as representatives of the street railwaymen on
the exocutive: F. Haigh for the day
men; Wm. Murray for tho night men;
J. Honderson for extra men und B. J.
Hughes for Norfh Vancouver.
Officers who wore elected by acclamation were ns follows: 2nd vice-president,
P. Logee; treasurer, W. J. Harper; 1st
warden, W. V. Jones; 2nd warden, H.
Fraser; 2nd conductor, C. Addison.
The miners are evidently preparing
to Inaugurate tho seven-hour dny. John
P. White, president of the United Mine
Workers, hns recently mndo speeches in
Montana, Illinois and Pennsylvania urging local unions to give the seven-ho.ir
dny earnest consideration, It is likely
that the next convention of tho minors
will tako a position on this question.
"There hus nover been one move ou
tho part of tho individual to mako u
radical improvement in the condition of
man, that man, in tho form of organized
society, hns not promptly rejected and
punished tho originator of tho idea. Of
course, if u man confines his improvement of conditions to hotter Bowernge,
improved lighting, cancor cures and sanitary housing, he is allowed to go on his
way in peace. Ho may oven mako a
Useful invention and possibly win honors, so long ns his invention can be
capitalized and swept into tho money-
making flood. These inventions, cures
nnd methods nre all things. Matter is
easy to deal with. But to invent a new
idea, to propose a reformation in thinking, in social and economic rolntionfl—
swing wido tho prison doors, get tho
hangman's nooBO roady for the offender.
For such ideas aro thought. Mind is
difficult to deal with. It is only for the
man who makeB n better mouse trap that
the world woara a beaten track to his
door to do him honor. Tho mnn who invents a bettor thought may also havo a
beaten track worn to his door, but it will
bo worn by tho foot of a mob who come
to annihilate him."—Sara Bard Field.
UB. A. E. TODD
(Victoria, B. O.)
AMAYOKAIjTY contest ln Victoria Is an-
" surod, by tlio nnnouiici'iiient of tlio intcii-
lion uf Alfli-minn A. B. Toilil tc> oflYr himself
tor eleotlon. Alderman Todd has served for
the (inst throe yuars on tlio aliltTiimnlc board,
nnd In ilIhi widely known throat,'bout the city
and inland for activities in othor public u flairs
outsidu »f the municipal field. To the wider
world, beyond tlio island, ho Ih diii'lly known
as an advocate nf good Hindu, and (he originator of [lie 1'ncitlc Highway and Georgian
Circuit and other similar projects, Hu Is
president of tho Island Automobile ussocfa-,
tlon, president of tbo International I'ltclllq,
Northwest Tourist association anil one of the
vice-presidents of tbo International Pacific
Highway association.
In the course of an Interview recently,
given Hie Victoria Times, Alderman Todd indicated somo of the lines upon whUdi he hopes
to seo tho develop mont of the city proceed, us
follow ■
Favors Johnson  Street Bridge Construction.
"Aa chairman of the harbor committee
this yoar, J have stood for the prosecution of
construction of tho .Johnson street bridge, and
owing to refusal of tlio K. & N. railway to
enter Into an ngreement fnir to the city, elimination of tho railway from tho bridge negotiations. I do not mind whether Hie government or the city constructs the bridge, no
long as the city's approval to tbe plans is re-
ooived, and the city engineer Inspects the
work as it proceeds. I nm in fnvor of control of maintenance by the city subsequently.
"In thia connection I support co-oporation
with the governmont In developing the old
Songhees Indian reserve, and the endeavor to
attract now Industries and develop existing
onei.
I favor some equitable scheme of adjustment and relief from excessive taxation, both
general nnd looal improvement, subject to
tho approval of the rntepnyers by referendum.
"I tupport strict economy In civic expenditure, though owing to great increase In tho
cost of living, some Increnso ln pny must bo
givon to some of the civic employees, Consistent with efficiency I consider further retrenchment nnd reduction of expenditure Is
pouible.
"A clean city, morally and physically, with
proper maintenance of schools, parks, streets
and matters pertaining to sanitation will have
my host ondenvor.
Advocates Go-operation.
I hope to seo the Inter-munlrlpnl committee Iden developed nnd co-operation with
the entire tslnnd, in advancing ngr I cultural,
manufacturing nnd other mutual Interests of
the Island. In further explanation of this attitude I think the city council could help the
outside communities n grent deal, and by
erontlng a hotter relationship nnd friendlier
feeling 'greater business' would result for
evory one nnon tho Island,
Strictly Independent Candidate,
"As before, I am a strictly independent
candidate, and in no way the oan....didtte of
any clique, faction or Interest,
"I am a firm believer in tbe futuro of Tic
torla, and that the exercise of courage and
common sense now will pull, through the present extremely difficult situation ln a period
shorter than now seems possible."
Alderman Todd referred to bis work in tbe
connell this year, In connection with the Johnson street and Rock Bay bridge schemes, and
tho effort mndo to securo a declaration of
publlo highway rights on the E. & N. bridge.
Anxious to see revenue coming in to meet the
heavy fixed charges on Sooke water works,
ho has taken an active share in the extension
of the main to William Head, as he did with
the arrangements with Saanich.-
Election of Police Commissioners*.
In regard to the direct election of pollen
commissioners, In which he secured the passage of a resolution of approval, he thinks lt
is tbe only way for the citizens to scure better conditions in that department. He alluded
to the "blind pig" Incident at the by-election
In March, and claims that it showed laxity In
allowing the guilty to avoid prosecution. He
hopes to seo a reform of the department.
He comos out strongly for every effort to
bring "the paving grafters" to their deserts,
roferrlng in this connection to the Worswick
and othor episodes. Noxt he made mention of
lila work on the electric light committee (of
which ho Is chairman), ana tho firo wardens
committee, declaring he will not cease to urge
bettor fire insuranco ratea than at present.
He points out that since he joined the committee on reduction has been secured.
Finally he deprecates tho city making •
profit out of tho misfortunes of taxpayers by
refusing to sell back land obtninod at tax
sale, as In tho Wylllo case, considering tbat
tho payment of Interest charges with the
taxes li a sufflclent punishment for delinquency.—Victoria TlmeB.
Make a New Year's resolution that
NABOB
TEA
will be the Tea to which
you will pin your faith
for 1917.
You will be so pleased
with results you will
continue with Nabob
for years to come.
AT YOUR DEALERS
The name on a
Leckie
Boot
is your guarantee of
Leckie standard quality,
—the very best.
There's a Leckie Boot
for the business and professional man the school
boy or girl and for those
whose vocations call
them to labor in the
great outdoors.
Look for the name on
every pair and remember "the quality goes IN
before the name goes
ON—that's a Leckie."
CENTER &HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
104» OIOROIA STRUT
Ont Blook wost of Court Houit.
Un of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors  free  to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymour I4S5
ARGUE!
<*i
lumeoTi oopc
aeoo.
PRINTING
COWAN ll BROOKHOUSE
Labor Temple Press     Sey. 4190
Vancouver Pickle Co.
oik for
B. O. HOME BRAND PICKLES,
KETCHUP, SAUCE
Highland 21   Faotory 801 Powell

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