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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 15, 1916

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EIGHTH XiWR.  No. 50
("cyggft. " *Jbfo PER YEAB
Suggestion Made As Settlement of Dispute Over
Plan Includes Declaration of
Minimum Wage Scale
for Clerks
THE QUESTION of a weekly
half-holiday for retail clerks is
now the subject of keen public
discussion in Vancouver and,
while the talk has not yet taken
thc shape of definite action, it
looks as though some effort would
be made to alter the existing order
of things. The organization of the
retail store clerks is not connected
with the forces of organized labor,
the association not now being affiliated with the Trades und Labor
council, although in 1903 a strong
organization in this field was connected with the body, the affiliation continuing through the period
when (with the assistance of organized labor) they secured tlie
early closing legislation for which
they had long pressed. fiMhe present instance, however, Tlie Federationist may properly make reference to tbo subject of present public
discussion inasmuch ns it covers the
case of local wage-workers, even though
they be outside the ranks of organized
lnbor. The reference is thc more appropriate inasmuch as one of the suggestions mndo in the course of the public
discussion covers the idea of the establishment of an eight-hour duy for the
clerks, as well as the guarantee of n
minim jm wugo, these being phases of
the labor situation on which organized
labor has always taken strong grounds.
Statement of ttae Cue.
The weekly half-holiday for retail
store clerks was generally covered by
legislation passed at tho lust session of
the legislature. This declared that half
of one working day in each week should
be a holiday, tho declaration as to the
day being left to a plebiscite vote in
the various districts. In Vancouver a
spirited campaign was carried on in connection with the plebiscite vote, the
question being ns to whether Wednesday or Saturday afternoon should be
observed. Saturday won ut (he polls
by a largo majority, aud the Saturday
half-holiday has sinco been observed
Several times during the year in
stances have arisen where the Saturday
half-holiday was distinctly opposed to
genoral public interests and application
was made to the provincial authorities
for a temporary suspension of the uct.
The provincial authorities replied thut
the act was ironclad, and mado no provision for its suspension to,meet emergencies. These applications were made
by merchants aud are said to havo had
the tacit consent of their clerks.
An international labor-socialist journalist of
repute, who in at prusont making a strong
pica for world peace through tho American
socialist and Labor press. He has been as*
sociated, for many yenrs, with the Aunlrn
lian Labor movement, is a regular contribute to the Australian press, and tuok a big
part- in the -recent successful fight against
conscription in that country. He is well'
known to the werld at large as tho Australian representative of thc Milwaukee Leader, B. C. PederatloniBt, New York Call and
the American Union Against Militarism.
Mr. Ahern is today the must quoted writer
in the American press on Australian labor'
socialist politics.
The Time Has Come for the Elimination of Profit and Private Graft From Production
—Things Should Be Produced Solely for Use—Consumer Should Pay Only Actual
Cost of Production—The Idlei' and the Profit Monger Must Go in the Mines
Better to Lock the Stable
Than to Have the
Horse Stolen
Let "Safety First" Be the
Slogan for the Next
Ten Days
Sir William Mackenzie, president of the Canadian Northern
Railway, is coming to Vancouver
early next week and will remain
here a few days.
"'HERE is often manifested   a   dis-
Yearly Changes Possible,
The act is framed so that it provides
not only for a plebiscite poll as to the
dny which should bo observed, but also
provides for an an: cal poll (taken at
the time of the civic elections), covering the possible alteration,of the day.
In order to secure such a poll, a petition
signed by 10 per cent, of the duly qualified electors must be presented to the
council, on tho presentation of which
the authorities are bound to put the
subject before the people.
In Vancouver a movement has been
promoted for several weeks looking toward such a poll ot tho January elections, the object being to alter tbe stated dny from Saturday to Wednesday.
This campaign is based on the claims
that the Saturday half-holiday did not
properly provide for week-end shopping,
that it was driving outside trade away
from tho city, that it greatly inconvenienced visitors intending to stay in Vancouvor over the week-end, etc. Out of
all this .clamor emerged a petition requesting a revote on the matter. It is
stated that this application to the council is now being largely signed.
Suggestion oft 48-Hour Week.
In the midst of the discussion hns
come forward a suggestion for a new
method of dealing with the question,
which is receiving considerable support.
This is that in place of the present
weekly half-holiday Arrangements be
made whereby retail storo clerks work
on an 8-hour-a-day basis, or the 48-hour
week, a minimum wage for male nnd female clerks respectively forming part of
the arrangement.
The operation of tho plan would be
based on the system now prevailing in
the Seattle retail stores, where it is said
to work successf jlly. The clerks work
their 8-hour day in shifts, a lesser num
ber being on hand nt the times when
shopping is light, with tho full force on
hand when shopping is at its maximum.
Special provision is mado to meet emergencies such as ariso from time to time
in the operation of retail stores.
It is said that this plan is more satisfactory to the proprietors, clerks and
the general public than a weekly half-
holiday would bo, and that there is no
opposition to the idea. Tho editor of
the Seattle Union Record, in conversation with a representative of The Federationist recontly, mndo mention of the
satisfaction which the method was giving.
The quostion of the minimum wage
for tho retail clerks of Seattle is covered by Washington stnte legislation.
Mr. Wm, Dick Advocates Kew Plan.
Mr. William Dick, secretary of the
(Continued on Page 7)    - -      j
position upon the part of the daily
press to herald the approach of some
magnate of capital us an event calculated to confer some sort of honor or dignity upon the, locality deigned to bc
visited by such an august personage.
But as there are few swellers in this
particular "neck 'o the woods" who
are not well informed in regard to the
peculiarly effective acquisitive peculiarities of the' Canadian Northern band of
pirates, of which the above-mentioned
threatened visitor to Vancouver is the
supreme chief, it is but fair to presume
that the above is intended as a warning
to the good people of Vnncouver, so
that they may take proper safeguards
as against the day of his coming.
Anything that is of value should bo
locked up, that is if the owner wishes
to bo safeguarded ngninst its alienation,
The new government of the province
may also consider itself warned agalnBt
possiblo eventualities, should there be
any natural resources of the province
that may have aB yet escaped the ravages of the late Bowser regime, and the
keen scent of the Canadian Northern
Neithor "Bill" nor "Dan" were
ever yet known to come to this coast
unless they had something to come after, and it has also been noticed that
thoy never went bnck empty-Sanded.
It would bo well for all government
officials, as well as all custodians of
private wealth, to sleep with one eye
open, like a weasel, while this fnmous
captain of industry tnd organizer of
finance is about.
"Safety First" is a slogan well
worth following, whenever n great financier or capitalist appears in the offing. Especially so when there approaches one so renowned for getting away
with everything that is not nailed down
as tho aforesaid chiof pirate, of tlr
threatened visit.
THE EXPENDITURE of less labor power is now required to produce a given quantity of food or
other necessaries, than was ever known to be the case in the previous history of mankind. And
never beforo wa« it more difficult for the average working man to provide himself and his family
with the necessaries of life than now. The whole ^orld is disturbed over this alleged high cost of living,
and there are about as many different reasons given to account for it as there are persons whose feelings arc wrought up to the criticizing stage because of it. Among the other necessary things that are
extremely difficult to get because of high prices, coal should not be overlooked by the people of this province, lt is an article that is brought forth in large quantities in both British Columbia and Alberta.
This region has been" particularly-well stocked by nature with this eminently valuable resource for the
satisfaction of human needs, and at no time within the memory of living man has there been a lack of
human hands to bring it forth and render it available for use. It is a well-known fact that the cost of
producing a ton of soal at the mines on Vancouver Island, as measured by the wages paid the miners,
does not amount to more than 25 per cent, of the amount the consumer is compelled to pay for the same
coal here in Vancouver, less than fifty miles from the mines. The difference between the actual cost of
production and the price to the consumer is eaten up by the useless owners and other parasites who are
privileged to levy, to that extent, toll upon the production and distribution of this commodity.
ing   and   self-respecting   citizens,   the
Inaugurate Series of Social Gatherings
for tbe Winter Evenings.
Tho members of tho newly-organized
local of the Boot and Shoe Workers' International union, employod by the J.
Leckie Co., Ltd., inaugurated the first
of a series of social gatherings, to be
held occasionally during the winter
monthB, last Saturday evening in Labor
Temple. The new "mixed" local was
there in force, as waB also their many
frionds, nnd a very enjoyable evening it
was. Refreshments were served at midnight. A. J. Hnrraway, president of the
local union, presided. William Becnham
put evory ono present in excellent
humor by opening thc programme with
a song, "Good Company," Others contributing to the programme w'erc MiflS
F. Gibson, Miss I). Hickley, Mr. Elvin,
Mr. Hnrraway, H. Rigby, W. Beenham,
Jr., and MaBter Robert Rniney, and accompanied by Mrs. C. Delvin and W.
Chambers. Every number was well received and encore'd.
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
. Time to Out It Out.
The time has come when that sort of
robbery:Should be cut out. AU over the
civilized world are to be heard mutter-
ings of protest against this profit infamy, and wherever the least indication
of legislative intelligence obtains, it
manifests itself nlong the line of lessening it or wiping it. out completely. The
only evidence of progress along governmental lines is to.be found in those
states which are pushing forward measures calculated to relieve the producers
of wealth of this intolerable burden
that hus so long pressed upon them. Encouraging progress along these lines is
being made in the Australian states, as
may be seen from tho rcportB forwarded
by our Australian correspondent. That
a similar line of action might be profitably insisted upon by the working people and other progressives of this provinco, would seem to be clearly within
the bounds of reason. That the forthcoming convention of the B. C. Federation of Labor will take this matter *up
aad formulate Bome specific line of action for the workers to follow in pressing the necessity of state ownership and
control of industry upon the attention
of tho authorities, io the fervent wiHh
of Tho Federationist. Such amove
would be a far mors sensible thing to
spend time upon than much of that
which usually occupies the time and attention of labor gatherings.
The Ripest of All.
Of all tho industries in this province
and Dominion, that of coal is probably
the ripest of all for being taken over
by the hand of the state. It is a common necessity, and its present control
rests in fewer hands than is the case
with perhaps any other industry of the
province. There would be jess disturbance of tho interests of small producers
thun would be the case with many other
lines, for the very -aimplo -reason that
there are no really small producers of
coal in existence. The small one can no
longer exist. The big one alone can survive, for it is a well-known fact thnt
in order to put coal upon the market
successfully, not only implies production, upon u large scale, but also admittance into the pact of those interests
that already control the avenues of distribution nnd exchange. And many a
time and oft tbe small fry lnbor skinner
cannot gain that admittance. The big
ones can force it, because they belong
to that happy family, through ties of
financial consanguinity.
Some Suggestions.
We would suggest for the benefit of
tho present government as well as for
the guidance of any body of citizens
that might be interested in solving the
problem of the high cost of living that
the method of procedure in dealing with
coal industry of the province and Dominion be something as follows: The
government, by legal decree, to tuke full
and complete possession and control of
all the coal mines in the province, or
Dominion, as the case may be. That
from the date of thus taking possession
tho production and distribution of coal
be carried on by the government for the
purpose of supplying it to customers
within tho jurisdiction of such government, nt the actual cost of production
und distribution. Should those outside
of the jurisdiction of government desire
to purchase coal, lot them be deult with
upon the same basis as prevails in the
trado and commerco of today, with this
proviso, that no coai should be allowed
to go abroad until all domestic wants
huve been fully supplied. No private
or capitalistic interest must be allowed
to intervene between the producers of
the coal and the coftsumera thereof, for
the purpose of making a profit. For in
the cutting out of proflt entirely, rests
tho solution of the vexatious problem of
the high cost of living. Once it is cut
out of tho coal industry, it can be followed up by a similar taking over of
other industries, one after another, by
the government, until the entire gamut
of industry has been run and then the
problem will have been solved and mankind be freo.
How About Present Owners?
Thc Federationist fully realizes thut
present owners will bo by no meunB
pleased if their properties nre thus
taken from them without compensation.
And yet it would bo presumption upon
their part to make any kick about it,
for it wos exactly by that process that
they acquired such property. All of itB
valuo has been produced by labor, and
tho laborers got nothing for it. Thoy
did it without compensation, and if the
present owners lose it by the same
token, why should thoy squawk aboat
it? Tho workers never did anyhow. But
wo still realize how absolutely helpless
these poor owners would be if it should
so happen that they were to lose their
sole means of support, tho working class.
They nevor did know enough to support
themselves. They were never called
upon to acquire the knowledge of how
to do it, for the Bimple reason that the
workerB always relieved thom of the
necessity of so doing. As tho workers
always havejtept them, and it has consequently been unnecessary for these
SEATTLE, Wash., Dec. 13.—(Special to The Federationist.)—After
a practical experience of over two
years with reference to legislation
covering an eight-hour day and a
minimum wago for women workers, it
is conceded here that the benefits of
both these mtasurcs has been conclusively proven.
Both laws were vigorously fought
for by organized labor, while they
were met by the organized opposition
of employers. The manner in which
the laws have worked out in practice
has revised tho estimates of both
The eight-hoar day for women is
generally enforced and, without exception, has resulted in increased efficiency. In order to comply with the
new measure, some crafts gave up
their Saturday half-holiday with u
nine-hour day, and are now pleased
with the change.
The minimum wage for women engaged in mercantile industry is $10
per week, with a special scalo of $<>
per week for apprentices, who must
be registered with the state industrial
welfare commission. This minimum
wage applies to all females over the
ago of 18 years who are engaged in
any mercaatile employment, including
cigar stands, fruit and news stands,
retail millinery establishments, drug
stores, stationery and book stores,
needle shops, retail bakeries, produce
houses, dairies, etc. Not less than $ti
per week shall be paid to minors of
either sex, under the age of 18 years,
working in these lines of industry.
The employers are generally agreed
that tbe shorter day haB made better
workers and the employees, have
found that the minimum wuge scale
hus not reduced the number of workers to the extent which it wns feared
would occur.
The organization of women workers
has, however, lagged since thc law
went into effect.
The above wire was received from E.
B. Ault, editor of the Seattle Union Ro-
cord yesterday. It has a bearing on an
article appearing in this issue which
deals with the suggestion thut an eight-
hour day and a minimum weekly wage
is a proper solution of the present popular discussion as to tho weekly halt-holiday for retail store clerks.
same as other decent persons. With a
full realization that this method of
dealing with those below us is not in
strict accord with the method that our
present and past masters have been in
the habit of dealing with the workers
who have been and are still below them,
we leave this matter to the future for
further consideration.
Japanese Seek to Control the
New Industry Through
"White" Firms
Alleged Betrayal of Public
Trust By Use of Oriental Rock
"After - the - war" Problems
Will Predominate Convention Discussions
Record of Federation's Legislative Effort Justifies
More Support
Questions of Vital Importance Will Occupy Delegates' Attention
To Urge Enactment of Universal 8-Hpur Day Will
Be a Feature
owners to learn how to make bread for
themselves, they will surely perish once
the workers turn them down und refuse
to longer support them. This the workers are not cruel enough to do. They
are inherently altogether too decent und
humane to allow any helpless ones to
starve and suffer. Such being the case
the present owners huve no reason to
fear that either they or their dependents will be ullowed to suffer because
of the Iobb of thoir property. Wc Bhall
insist that the state rti its operation of
the coal industry, shall make Bufilcient
addition in prico to the actual cost of
production to provide a fund for the
purpose of amply satisfying the material
requirements of those who have been
left without support through the Iobb of
their proporty rights to the state. And
we shall still further insist thut they
shall not be compelled to submit to any
lower standard of living than that enjoyed by the workers themselveB. These
provisions should only apply to helpless
ownors and not to their relatives who
may como after them. These will have
an opportunity to become self-BUBtain-
SUNDAY, Dec. 17—Typographical Union.
MONDAY, Dec. 18—Boilermok-
crBj Electrical Workers; Brewery Workers; Tailors' czecu.
TUESDAY, Dec. ID—Amalgamated Carpenters; Railway Firemen; Bookbinders.
THUE8DAY, Dec. 21—Trades
and Labor Council; Alain, of
Way Employees.
FRIDAY, Doc. 22—
SATURDAY, Dec, 23—
■"THE British ColumbiaFed-
■teration of Labor executive committee, with head*
quarters at Victoria, announces today that the 1917
convention will convene at
Revelstoke on Monday, Jan.
29. The official convention
"call" will be found on page
six of this issue. Sec-treas.
A. S. Wells hopes to have the
"call" in the hands of the secretary of every affiliated
union throughout the prov
ince before the end of next
week. The "call" sets out
many good reasons why the
convention should be an im*
portant one in the annals of
organized labor in British
Columbia. There are many
other reasons why the convention should be well at*
tended, and why every union
should even sacrifice a little
to see that a delegate is sent.
With some of these ques*
tions The Federationist will
deal during the next few
weeks. Meantime read the
"call." It is worth while.
Representatives   of   Organlied  Labor
Will Endeavor to Secure a
Definite Statement.
During tbe visit of Premier Borden
to tho const in connection with tho campaign of the National Service commission, the coast members of the eiecutive of tho B. C. Federation of Labor
will ondeuvor to arrange a meoting with
him in order to ascertain the exact aim
and scope of tho commission's campaign.
Tho attention or organized labor in B.
j. has been called to this subject
through certain statements which wore
made by H. P. Green, M. P., the representative of this provinco on tho commission. .T. C. Watters, president of
the Trades and Lnbor Congress of Canada, was queried on the matter, but replied that the ordor-in-eciuncil under
which the commission was established,
had not yet been printed. It would,
therefore, be impossible for him to
aiahe any statement as to the scope of
the service commission's work.
The coast members of the executive
of tho B. C, Federation believe tbnt if
tho National Service commission is
seeking thc co-operation of organized
labor, the latter should have full information ns to the scopo, aims and proposed methods of procedure in connection with thc commission's work. It is
in the hope of obtnining u delimit1
stntcment on these pointB that plans are
being made for the meeting with thc
Ab the visit of Bir Frederick to tho
coast cities will bc nf a hurried nature,
and a large part, of his time here bas
already been allotted, it is impossible to
Btate just when or where the proposed
conference will tnko place.
Avoid Mixing of Christmas Festivities
By Holding Early Dec. Meeting.
The regular meeting of Vancouver
Typographical union iB to be held on
Sunday next, Dec. 17, at the usual time,
instead of on thc lust Sundny of the
month, This advances the meoting two
weeks, and is done bo that members
may tako full advantage of the weekends during Christmas and New Year
FROM REPORTS which havo reached
Tho Federationist this week, it would
appear that just now there's an "Oriental in the rock pilo" who needs just
ub much attention from the civic authorities as does the proverbial '' nigger
in the woodpile."
The facts as stated are that today
rock, which is the product of Oriental
labor, is being used on city work in
violation of tho letter and spirit of the
declared policy of the city. It is further stated that rock turned out by
Japanese was delivered for use iu thc
Canudian Northern seawall at the head
ot False Creek, despite the strict terms
of tbe city's agreement with the Canadian Northern, which declares that Oriental work was to, properly, be barred in
connection with the development of city
property, which was hnnded over to the
railway. It is also stated that some of
this Oriental rock was delivered and
used on the Dominion jetty, now lit
courBe of construction near Steveston;
And all this in the face of tho fact
that rock quarries with machinery and
equipment capable of meeting all the
demands and  following the policy of
employing white labor exclusively are
looking for a market for their supplies
and, because of the favoring of Orien
tnlsjjire obliged to reduce their working
force or clnso down their plants.
Is it not about timo some of tho eity .     .        --- -■:,*"***":w"''/?*'*" !", "'
aldermen got busy ond made some en- \^Jm\ bef^. CB)le.d    to   th™. 8ub-*oct
quiries concerning this "Oriental in thc
rock pile?"
Japanese Bock on False Creek Seawall.
The Canadian Northern sea wall is a
part of tho development operations of
the railway at the head of False Creek,
in connection with which there was n
stipulation ns to the non-employment of
Orientals inserted in the agreement with
the city, as the result of strong pressure
by the forces of organized lubor.
Is that stipulation being carried out!
Let readers of Tho FederationiBt get
the facts and then do Home thinking as
to whether it isn 't timo for tho aldermen to get busy.
In tho construction of the sen wall, a
large  amount of rock  must  be used.
Last spring the contract for the work
wus lot and    the    contractors looked
around for rock.   Well equipped quar-
rtOB, in which large amounts were invested and where white labor was employed, submited their figures, these being stnted to have been worked down to
practically a "cost-of-output-and-deliv-
ery" basis, owing to tho desire of the
quarry companies to keep their organization together and their plants going
during these dull times in their line.
There also came along just  then  a
firm of white men, whose members and
directors  ore  prominent  citizens,  nnd
put up a proposition to these contractors
for the supplying of rock, the supply to
be obtained from Japanese firms and
laborers who would work on the rock
BlldOfl along the coast of Howo Round.
And this Oriental rock was choson ns
the source of supply.
"White" Firms Defend Orientals.
Tho contractors wore faced with the
question of the Oriental clause in the
Canadian Northern ngreement. "Oh,
bdt we'ro not employing Oriental
labor" thoy replied, "We'ro dealing
with a very prominent Vancouvor firm.
Of course, if they employ Japanese to
got out the rock, that's their business,
not ours." Tho firm supplying tho rock
wns appealed to and tlio fact that they
wore discriminating ngalnst established
"white" industries in which large capital was invested, and in favor of Ori-
(Continuod on Pago 7)
Favorites in Political Arena
and Graf t Is Chiefly
War Mongers Get the Profit
Incompetents Get the
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
recruiting? That there is
something the matter with
it is to be inferred from the general tone of the comments of tbe
press throughout the length and
breadth of Canada and wherever
the subject is discussed. That
recruits are not volunteering in
any great numbers is obvious to
all and that this tardy disposition
to enlist for military service
abroad on the part of Canada's
able-bodied is sorely perplexing
the molders of public opinion and
thc political and governmental
leaders of thc Dominion is made
tolerably plain of late and more
particularly in a press dispatch
from Montreal giving some details
of a public meeting held in that
city on the 6th inst., at which
Premier Borden and R. B. Bennett, together witb a few more prominent Mex*
icau athletes and ably assisted by a
imire-tluui-iiil crested uudience, vigors
ously threw the "hull" around. It ih
rumored that this delightful bit of
vaudeville is to be repeated in the chief -
cities in a tour that is arranged for the
above troupo bo that sooner or later
Vancouver will be i;ble to witness for
itself some of Canada's public entertainers in their latest skit, which might
well be presented under some snch head*
lino aB "Paytriotism Pays."
In Sullen Hood.
Tbat public opinion in Canada is in
a sullen and critical mood with regards
to recruiting, military service and the
methods and management of same by
the Dominion government, the writer
has good reason to know. So intense
haB tbis feeling become that sooner or
later even the pitiful pretences of glib*
tongutffl jtiwsmiths of the Bennet kind
will no longer be able to conceal the
fact tbat it ia not due to the unwilling ness of the Canadian people to do
their full duty in the face of a publlo
danger, but rather that they have no
confidence iu a government which has
given evidence of the grossest of blundering*, mismanagement and graft,
where they expected leadership, efficiency and purity of purpose.
Liberals Idly Sit.
It is one of least heartening aspects
of the present situation that the disgust
and resentment of tbe Canadian people
towards the present government can
only redound to the political advantage
of the Liberals wbo have done nothing
whatever to deserve any approbation,
but bavo sat idly by and accepted without protest the abuses and grafts, which
it is generally supposed to be the duty
of an opposition to guard against.
Oet There By "Pull."
The Conservative government has
prostituted tho department of militia
und defence to advance the personal interests of its party adborents. Inexperienced, unqualfied and physically and
mentally unfit men who had nothing to
recommend them but their "pull"
within the Conservative party have
been handed commissions in the Canadian expeditionary forco, while at the
same time competent, qualified and ex-
icrienced officers of the Canadian mill-
who were willing and anxious to
servo their country wero persistently
passed over und eventually forced to
enlist in thc ranks under officers unfit for their command, Ho shamelessly
and openly was this dune that It. B,
Bennett, in addressing the 137th Battalion upon its departure from Calgary,
bragged that this battalion wns a "Conservative" aggregation. While Conservative party hangers-on without distinction ns to their nationality—Swedes,
Dutchmen, Yanks and even Germans—
hnvo been given commissions, there are
in Canada today a number of Canadian
militia officers willing and anxious to
serve who have been erobittorcd by,
their treatment at the hands of a party-
run department of militia. Today there
are in England some hundreds of party-
made military incompetents holding
rank us field und even, lt is said, gen*
ernl officers, who aro and have been
for months drawing tho pny of their
rank, with all its privileges and emoluments, and wbo are aocured by their
cry incompetence from taking an active or useful part in the war,
.   Some Infamies.
The infamies perpetrated by the Conservative government Binco the start of
tho war nro bo many as to merely bear
mention, but some ut least were of such
a grave nature aB to call for extreme
penaltioB being paid by thoae responsible for them. Tho equipping of the
Canadian forces with a defective rifle
was a crime which should bo classed as
high treason, and when it wus disclosed
by judicial enquiry thnt men close to
high government officials had made
enormous rake-offs out of the placing
of orders for war munitions, the wonder
is that the wrath of the people did not
find a victim.
With Front of Brass.
Tho brassy effrontery of such skilled
sycophants as R. B, Bennett In claiming
credit for the Conservative government
(Continued on Page 8) PAGE TWO
FRIDAY December IS, 1916
Alien H8.000.000
Depoill.    48,000,000
Household Banking
in The Bnnk of Toronto hnve boen
found by many to be a great convenience. The nccounta may be
opened in tho names of husband
and wifo, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Intorest is
paid on these accounts twice a
P.M up «>pl.l     5,000,000
K«»»r» land        8,488.888
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts.
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stook and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 teres
to Aetual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on the laid
for at least three years; improvements to the extent of (5 per
acre; bringing under* cultivation
at least five aeres.
For further information apply to
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fall. 447
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vaneoaver.
We Will Make Terms to
Suit You
Come in and look over the biggest
and best atock of furniture in
British Colombia.
VneqaaUsd VaadevlUe Muni
«:4B, T.OO, 9:16    Soma's Fries:
KattBM,   iee;   Bvenlnis,  IBo.  SSe.
Broadway Theatre
Corner Main and Broadway
The Suburban House  Beautiful
Whero the whole fnmily goes.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Tore* Stores
Quality Supreme
Sou-Van Milk
Fall. 2824
Union Delivery
Miners and
who have copper properties worth
while, ean be placed in touch with
aetual buyers if they will send
full particulars to DRAWER 4,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B, C.
Published every Friday morning by tbe S. 0.
Federationist, limited
E. Parm, Pettipiece .Manager
Office:  Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:   $1.50 por year;   in Vancouver
City, $'J,()(j;   to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
political udvancemer* that substitutes
ut least some pretense of polish, decency
und humanity for the hunbridlcd savagery of a past age. The kaiser and his
loyal "vons" reprepout a feudal holdover into a stage of civilization ut least
some couturies in advance of that essentially military regime of robbery,
slaughter and rapine. And it is all the
more terribly brutal nnd rapacious by
virtue of boing armed with tho results
REPRESENTATIVES 10f the mechanical und scientific achieve-
New Westminster W. Yatos. Box 1021 ..,.,,
Prince Rupert     .. S. D. Macdonald, Box 268  meats of a Civilization at least two Cen-
^^t^^;^^^ turies iu advance U it, intellectually,
^g&mot^ morally and culturally.    In fact that
c*^^^^> which the Teuton refers to as German
"kultur" is merely the code of behavior that belonged *o the feudal ago.
As compared to tho code of behavior
approved of by the advanced nations of
BUT LITTLE moro than a half cen- today, it would only mean a lack of cub
tury ago a great war was fought in ture.
the   United   States.    The   modern «.*..-»
system of exploiting labor and building Between theso two types or stages of
up a world trude In Hs products, was in I civilization there could be no peace, any
full swing in the moro tlmn tuero could DG peace between
north, ulort and ag- jtho «apHaUst north and tho chattel
gressive in reaching shlve 80Uth« For tho last half century,
out for new and cn-i'*10 statesmen of ull Europo were either
lurged (iehls for its m,8V 'rying to reconcile these antngon-
poUtical development | istiti forces, or getting ready for tho
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World"
..December 15, 1016
operations.   Th
of the north wus abreast of the economic development, and the position of
that portion of the groat republic was
in the very vanguard of the racial
march towards a better civilization and
a higher life. To make it short, tho
north was in the very forefront of capitalist development, both economic and
political. The southern half of tho republic was, however, still in tho grip of
a social order soma tcnturies behind
that of its northern neighbor, politically as well as economically. Its system
of exploiting labor was crude, expensive
frny that was bound to come. As capi
talisra arose from tho overthrow of feudalism in western Eprope, so must it always bo ut war with any feudal survival, either in Europo or elsewhere. And
politically the Teuton empires are
still feudal. One of the most cheering
signs accompanying the evident manifestations of a desire for peace upon tin
pnrt of the Teutou empires is to be
found in the rumor that the German
people aro beginning to demand something in the shape of constitutional
government and a greater democracy.
«. •  ,„,, „„,i' n,Lf„r(1 [Until that has been brought about in
and lacking in efficiency, and, ttiereloic, | (   m .,.,,-
not in consonance with tho 'up-to-date
and progressive methods requisite to enable the nation to keep step in the
march of progress. Chattel slavery belonged to the days when Rome ruled
tho world. And yet the south hud it,
as well aB the poMtlcal development
that wus properly the accompaniment of
that type or stage of economic development, and for half a century-the statesmen of both north and south tried un-
censingly to harmonize the two sections
of tho country whose respective developments, both politicnl and economic, were
several cenutries npnrt. As woll try to
mix oil aud water as to reconcile these
two essentially antagonistic social conceptions of property and systems of exploitation. The events of the early fiO's,
tho four years of bloody war, amply
proved it. Out of *tfiat holocaust of
blood and carnage arose the new order
triumphant and supremo. The old was
relegated to tho Umbo of things obsolete
and to be forgotten.
* *       *
For the past twe and a half years
Europe has been floundering in a vorit
able deluge of blood and gore. A multitude of reasons have boen given for thl;
outbreak, and the blame for it has been
placed upon numerous shoulders. But
if nn examination ;nto the circumstances out of which this war sprang is
made, a striking similarity will be
found to those whicl wero responsible
for tho civil war in the United States
fifty yoars ago. Western Europe, us represented by Belgiuift, France and England, wns at the outbreak of the war,
highly developed nlong capitalist lines
of industry, trade and commerce. In
fact these countries were tho very birthplace of capitalism. They may properly
be considered as tho countries of Europe
in which modern capitalism developed,
and its industrial and commercial mechanism was brought to the present
stnge of perfection. Whatever there
may be in European industry and civilization that is capitalistic and up-to-
date, may well be claimed by western
Europe as its vory own, because the people of the threo mentioned countries,
and moro especially England, made it.
It wus not borrowed from elsewhere. It
grew up with tho poople of that particular part of tho earth. Along with the
economic development that eventually
brought forth capitalism out of the loins
of feudalism, also came the political development that was necessary thereto,
and which becomes t*e very earmarks
of a capitalist state. Capitalism cannot exist except under a political development no loss advanced than that
which Ib ordinarily tanned constitutional government. The type of labor upon
which capital is predicated cannot obtain outside of a degree of domocracy
that is absolutely antagonistic, and,
therefore, intolerable nnd deadly to
either feudal or chattel sluve society.
"Free trude," freo lRbor," "freo competition," "freo thought," and u host
of capitalist shibboleths, are both meaningless and unthinkable except in a society the underlying principles and conceptions of which are essentially fashioned along democratic lines.
* *       *
Central and Eastern Europe are still
far more feudal than capitalist. This is
even more truo of Germany and Austria
than of Russia. The bourgeois revolution against feudalism has never gono
through in the Teuton states. The old
feudal autocratic rule was still as firmly seated in the saddle at the outbreak
of tha war as it was two centuries ago.
The economic development of thoso
states had been very largely borrowed
from western Europe, and becauso of
tins it had not been accompanied by the
requisite political development to mako
Of thoHC borrowing countries modern
capitalist Htah-s, with tne ordinary capitalist conceptions aad codes of morals
and ethics, They nrn still military empires possessing all of the autocratic instincts and brute philosophy of tho middle ages. Thoy hav* borrowed tho industrial achievement! of others without
having also possessed themselves of tho
the Teuton states, the dove of peace will
find no permanent mosting place in Eu
rope. Tho struggle now going on it
that of a loft-over feudalism with its
militarism und its' "divine right of
kingly swashbucklers," ugainst modern
capitalist civilization based upon
something nt lenst pointing towards
political and industrial democracy.
* * *
The kaiser's little squawk for peace
should not bo taken seriously. In fact
thc feudal word should not be taken at
all, for according to tho code of "kultur," promises are mnde but to be broken. If this survival of feudalism is
now in a frame of mind to squawk for
pence, it will be extremely anxious to
take it. any old wny it can get it six
months hence. And until that feudal
regime of militarism and medieval autocracy is ended onco and for all in Europe, there will be, nnd can be, no
pence. Once the Teutonic people rise
in revolt against their brutal lords and
get rid of thom and their rule, as the
French and English have long since
done, there will be a prospect of peace.
Militarism will go down and out with
the end of tho feudal regime. Once democracy enters into tho arena of governmont tho military state is doomed
and must, eventually go down and out.
Capitalism does not rest upou the bayonet of a soldier. It rests upon the
"consent of tho governed," a consent
that cannot be obtained by the bayonet,
albeit it may, upon occasion, be gained
through flimflam and deceit. But at
some timo oven that will fail. But just
at present the dove of pence hud bettor
keep away from Europe
of its employees annually, and declares!
dividends accordingly. And then boasts
and blows about it and does so with the
utmost safety. In f*et the company's
achievement along t**s line meets with
the approval of nearly everybody, and
in spito of an almost universal prejudice against burglary, either us a profession or an art. In the face of these
circumstances, it is not clear why this
prejudice should exist.
s * m
With copper at 29 centa the Granby
"earnings" amount to #10,000,000 por
annum. As the price nf copper has
risen from about 12 cents to 29 cents
and more per pound, in consequence of
the war, ono can easily understand why
the Granby people should be so intensely patriotic as to subscribe $15,000 to
; the patriotic fund, e-ven though they do
' principally reside in New York. Wo
could be intonBely,evon violently patriotic oursclf for half the money these worthy copper pirates aro gaining because
of the war. Provided we were living in
un agreeable neighborhood wo might be
almost persuaded to be pronouncedly
pro-German $15,000 worth, if we had
that $10,000,000 swnjr. At any rate the
greater portion of that swng bas come
into the handB of tbr presont owners in
consequence of the war, but these poor
souls could not help it. They could not
stop the wur if they wanted to, and
there is no evidence to show thnt they
wish for any such a calamity to occur,
Tho calamity referred to is the stoppage
of the wur, not the war itself. All of
which leudB us to moralize1 over the
awful cost of war. It certainly is a
wasteful and unprofitable undertuking,
thut is except to thoee who are so situated that participation in it brings suitablo solace to their souls to the tune of
$00 per share or someijhing like thnt.
The moral of which is, do not bo a
burglar. Be a eoppei or munition magnate; be u patriot mid thon you can
blow about it all you please without endangering your hide or jeopardizing
your liberty. War is costly. It is
waste.   Thore is no profit in it.
JUST AS WE were feeling particularly
down in the mouth because of the
terrible cost of tho present war, an
account of tho regular quarterly divi
dend to bo declared by the Granby Con
solidated   Mining,
THERE IS Smelting and  Power
NO PROFIT Co.    fell    into    our
IN WAR, hands.     Upon glanc
ing it over, wo felt
considerably worse than before, for at
that moment it dawned upon us that wo
had made a sad failure of life by not
having elected to become a copper magnate of undoubted quality and merit, instead of a misorublo scribe, friendless,
meritless und forlorn. Burglars cannot,
with safety, publish to the world the
profitable results of their night work
with tho dark lantern and the jimmy.
It would not bo safe for them to do so.
Owing to some peculiar kink in tho
mental makeup .of *-be genus homo, it
would not meet with popular approval,
and might even be looked upon as a
sinful way of gathering scads, simoleons
and lucre. There am a good many persons running around looso who would
cheerfully lodge wit a the police any information they might possess thnt would
lead to tho arrest tnd punishment of
such burglarious ones, und by so doing
'' lay tho flatering unction to their
souls" that they hod performed a public duty that would meet with general
approbation upou high moral and ethical
grounds. That is about the wny we feel
ubout this burglar business, but wo can
read tho Granby aud similur accounts of
business burglury without a solitnry
twinge of conscience or moral shock.
The only disturbane* to our feelings is
that of sorrow ovor the fact that we
are not among tho fnvored fow olected
by good fortune to thus safely burglarize und boast.
• * •
One result of the war has been to
shove the price of copper up to ubout
three times its price at thc outbreak of
hostilities, The boast of tho Granby is
that with copper on I basis of 21) cents
per pound, tho company is "earning at
the rate of $60 tho share annually. Of
courso everybody knows that to bo pure
bunk, and calculate to deceive. A
company earns nothing. Its purpose is
to tako what the workers earn, but
doa't get. For that purposo it is a
howling succosb, as tho Granby report
shows. It takes at tmount equal to
$60 per share from tho unpaid earnings
there, in order to avoid being thrown off I
tho wharf by the official bouncing Btaff
of the company. For that iB about what
is more than likely to otherwise happen.
LAST WEEK two more workmen lost
thoir lives in the trenchos of industry ut Britannin mines, Howe
Sound, less thun twenty-five miles from
Vancouver. They were victims of a
blasting fatality that
MEET DEATH occurred in one of thc
IN THE tunnels of tho mine.
TRENCHES. Tho bodies were
brought to Vancouver, and an inquest held by Coroner
Jeffs, The findings tit? the jury were
that the men lost their lives. It took
the jury but fifteen minutes to reach
that conclusion. And, that is all there
is to it. Merely t»o more mea have
died, not for their country, but for the
Britannia mine owners. Their names
will not go upon"the roil of honor. Thoy
will simply be f-jirgottcu. In fact, that
is what has already happened, unless it
be that they are still remembered by
those who were nea' sad dear to them,
and who perhaps depended upon them
for support. This is not intended to include the Britannia capitalists, for the
very simple reusoa that they will have
no difficulty in finding others to take on
tho burden of their support, beginning
right where tho dord men left off, so
that tha stream of sustenance need not
of necessity bo interrupted. Doubtless
all of which has already been attended
to.     ,
# * *
It hus been announced thut the Hon.
William Sloun, minister of mines, has
instructed John Newton, provincial inspector of mines, to make an investigation of the death of inese men. This in
in itself a most astounding innovation,
for it is not within the memory of living
mun that a single question has over
been asked as to tin killing and maiming of workmen in tho employ of this
particular aggregation of capitalist
labor-skinners. If tho minister of mines
will but pursue his investigations fa
onough, he will no doubt uncover somo
very interesting facts, not only relating
to tho killing and maiming of om'
ployees, but also as to tho treatment
vouchsafed them in many other ways,
whilo incarcerated in that delightful
slave pen of modern capitalism. Ho
might learn how employees dare not
have anything iu tlmir possession even
indicating that they had ever had anything to do with a tabor organization.
He might learn that their personal belongings ure oven searched by tho miser-
nblo tools of the company for tho purposo of uncovering such evidence if any
thore be, such scarchf* being, of course,
conducted surreptitiously. He might
learn a whole lot about tho manner in
which even the mail of employees is
tampered with for tho purpose of furthering the aims of the company in forestalling any disposition upon the port
of employees to make purchase of goods
elsewhere than at the company's storo.
Ho might also learn how employees aro
fired from the company's services if
they do not see fit to bring their fami
lies to Britannia to live Evidently thiB
procious concern feels itself entitled to
a slight rake-off upon thc family trade,
as well as that of tho employee himself,
ns u reward for being so kind and as to
giv him employment. And no doubt
[there is ut least somo moral justification
for that. Otherwise the Britannia pir-
ates would not stoop to such petty tyranny. There are mnny other interesting things that the minister of mines
might be able to dig out of a real investigation of affairs at Britannia. But
will he dig? That is tho question beforo the house. But ta all kindness, and
prompted by a desire to safeguard investigators against personal injuries,
The Federationist would advise that
any who are sent upon such ft mission to
Britannia bo instructed to pussy-foot it
very carefully in thoir enquiries whilo
BECAUSE The Federationist was unable to see eye to eye with the
"purity" brigade, wo wert; often
accused, during tho recent campaign, of
being in sympathy with tho '' wets.''
This was, of courso,
THE BATTLE about as near the
TWIXT SPIRITS truth as may be rea-
AND BEER. ■ sonubly expected to
issue from the mouths
of fanatics and self-nopointed purifiers
of human society. However well-intentioned tho purity folV may be, it seems
that their actions aTe not at nil times
well advised. Evid°uco is being disclosed that goes to show that oae of the
most noticeable'results of tho cnuctmout
of prohibition laws has so far been to increase the consumption of spirituous
liquors, to a degree at least commensurate with the lessened consumption of
beors. The more harmful of liquors
have, therefore, profitably survived the
ordeal whilo the sale and consumption
of the less injurious hus been more seriously interfered with. This particular
aspect of tho caso bag led at least onc
large deuler in spiritnous liquors in British Columbia to ramark that the
money his firm hns V-een expending iu
fighting the prohibition movement, has
beon expended upon the wrong side in
tho contest. The more serious the interference with the production and sale of
beer, the grcator the stimulus to thc
production und sale of spirits. Tho prohibition fight then becomes largely n
struggle between whisky and beer.
* *       *
From London dispatches we learn thut
the measures of the new government for
the control of food supplies will be pro-
ceded by the entire control of the liquor
trnde.   The consumption of spirits will
| bo absolutely prohibited, except medicinally, and restrictions will be put upon
the manufacture and sale of beer.   The
| entire control of t*ie trnflic will bo
placod under state management early in
the coming yoar, Thc distillation of
whisky nnd. gin will bo prohibited.
* *       *
Now it appears to us that this is a
much moro sane method of dealing with
tho liquor question than that followed
by those fanatical purists peculiar to
this section of tho g^bo. If the manufacture and sale of liquor is taken completely under the hand of the government, and all profit in the making und
selling of it is cut *)ut, at lonst the
most persistent und powerful evil connected with it would be killed. When
thero is no longer a profit to be made
out of the production and sale of an
article under tho regime of capitalist
property, the merest novice can readily
tell what will becom* of that particular
Hn'o of goods. If it be an unnecessary
or harmful thing) it will no longer bo
produced. If it bc a necessary and useful thing, its ■production will continue
under the hand of tho community which
desires to retain it in use. For the community to tako over tho entire control
j of tho liquor trnflic ind strip it of all
profit making possibilities iB the only
sano method of dealing with that which
is un almost unmitigated evil when left
to the whim, caprice nnd licence of pi
fit-niongeriag enterprise.
IT IS THE USUAL practice at socialist meetings to allow persons ih tho
audience tu usk questions pertaining
to tho subject matter under discussion,
and also to take part iu such discussion.
At one of theBe meet
MECHANISM ings in u southern
OF THE city not long since, a
HUMAN MIND, person in tho audi
enco who hod been
granted the privilege of tho platform
took occasion to express Ins approvul of
the socialist programme, as far as it
went, but quite emphatically ussertcd
thnt it did not go far enough. He said
that ho not only believed that tho
worker should have tho full product of
hiB labor, but with the permission of
tho audience he would sot forth a programme that would not only givo him
that, but "10 per «,»>ut. more." The
hilarity of the audience at this juncture
became so robustious, und long-continued that it wus impossible for the
custodian of this procious secret to unfold its possibilities to the assembled
multitude. For all that we know to tho
contrary, the secret still remains locked
in his breast, nnd the toilor remains
doomed to confine hi* aspirations to tbo
modest returns embodied in the full
fruit of his labor, w;*hout tho addition
of the seductive 16 per cont. hinted at
by the economist in question.
* * *
Pearson's Magazine was recently bar-
rod, by the censor, from entrance to
Canada. Wo never knew just exactly
why it was so burred, but felt in duty
bound to presume that it wns because of
telling some truth about the war that,
iu the opinion of oui devoted and self-
sacrificing governing authorities, ought
to be kept from us for our own good.
And fully realizing that thoy are much
better qualified to know what Ib best
for us thun we aro oursBlvos, we hnvo
felt no strong disposition to kick about
it. But now it is beginning to dawn
upou us that perhaps there are other
reasons for the kindly and paternal action of (ho censor. It scemB that Frank
Harris, editor of Pearson's, addressed
the students of tho Columbia school of
journalism recently. Apparently Mr.
Harris is an udmirer of government
ownership and operation of industry. In
the course of his remarkB to tho assembled students, he took occasion to dilate
upon the marvelous result of tho taking
over of the factories by the British government. The moBt marvelous result of
all, according to Mr. Harris, is that
"thinga are now produced 30 per cent.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal drown product*
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
Marine, etc.
600 HlchHda Street     Sey. 4134
cheaper uud creute 30 per cunt, more
profit," than was formorly the case.
This must certainly present a situation
eminently satisfactory to efffy capitalist, and should enlist his services iu the
cause of government ownership and
operation of all industry.
• * * *
Henry Ford, he of cheap automobile
fame, is accrodited with tho statement
thnt, "if the government of tho United
States would tako over the operation of
tho railroads of the country, it would
be possible to double the pay of all tho
railroad workers, give all of them the
eight-hour workday and pay twice ns
much profit as ut present." Mr. Harris
says thnt "Ford's assertion is supported by Bound economic principles, and
ihut by unity of management nnd honesty of adminiatration thero is no doubt
thut the socialization of the railroads
would result in ull thut Ford hus claimed!" Now, if an industry cnn bo made
to pay twice aa much for its raw material (and that is nil that labor-power
is), shorten tho measure whereby that
raw material is monsared in its purchase
(and that is really whut occurs whon
the workday is lessened iu length), and
ut the sume time mnke such industry
bring in double the profit formerly realized, there is no logicul reason why such
an eminently desirable state of affairs
should not be ushered in by acclamation
forthwith and ut once, if not sooner. In
the fuce of such splaudid possibilities,
tho crude undertaking of our "full product of his labor and 10 per cent, more''
philosopher appears amateurish in the
extreme. After thc discoveries of Harris and Ford we shall bo by no means
surprised to at any time hear of somo
equally wise person actually lifting himself over a fence hy his boot straps.
Even that would b-» a simple proposition alongside of thc achievements recorded by theso two reliable chroniclers
of tho things that can be done. All of
which leads us to marvel at the complexities and possibilities of the human
mind. The queer stunts thnt it is capable of pulling off nre simply marvelous.
They really are, indeed. Think it over
carefully und see if you do not arrive nt
the sumo conclusion. And then perchance the censor barred Pearson'a^ipon
tho ground that sueh excrutinting humor
ns tho Harris-Ford b*nnd is unbefitting
and unseemly during thoBO days of wnr
and sorrow and travail. And come to
think of it, that is about what it is.
Moots evory 1st and Srd Tuesday, 8
p.m., Hoom 807. President, F. Dickie; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Boi 68;
financial secretary, W. j. Pipes; busineu
agont, W. a. ______ _____________
A farmer and hie Mfo, living near
Stonewall, Man,, we»e recently found
shot to death ut their home. A 16-year-
old discharged soldier, who hud been
working for them, nnd a considerable
sum of money that had been received
from the sale of the farmer's whent,
hud disappeared. The soldier has Bince
beon arrested in On^rio. Military instruction and service is particularly ennobling uud uplifting. The younger the
male species uro enlisted und put
through tho courso, tho more readily do
they learn to shoot.
flrst and third Thursdays. Executive
board: James H. McVoty, president; K. N.
lUyk'b, vice-president; Victor ii. Midgley,
guueiul Bueruiury, lilu Labor Temple; frod
miuvvles, treasurer; W. ii. Cotterill, statistician; sergoaut-at-arms, John Sully; A. J.
Crawford, Jaa, Camp Dull, J. Brooks, trustees.
Moots suooiid Monday in the month.
1'residout,   J.   McKinuou;   Sucreiary,   K.   ii,
iNeuluuils, P. O.jBoX t)8. __^
BARTENDERS'    LOCAL    No.    670.—Offlee,
Hoom ilu8 Lutior Temple. Meets drat
Sunday of each mouth, president, James
Luiupui'li; linunuial Decretory, il. Davis, Bos
___l phono, Soy. 4762; recording seoretary*,
Wm. JUottishaw, Globe Hotel, Main atroot.
al Union of America. Local No, 120—
.MuotH ind and 4th 'i^suaya in the uiunth,
liuum ioii iiabor Temple. President, L, JC.
lieii-itt; secretary, S. 11. Orant, 0U4 Georgia
BKEWEBV WORKERS, L. U. No. 381, 1. O,
U. B. \V. of A.—Meets first and third
Monday of each month, Room 1102, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, R, N. Myles; secretary. Frank Graham, 2266 Twelfth avenua
and lion Ship Builders and Helpers of
Amerlvu, Vancouver Ledge No. 194—Meeta
lirst ami third Mondays, 6 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 73 Su ven teen til avenue west;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street.
Pacific—Meets at 4S7 Goro avenue every
Tuesday,  7  p.m.    Russell Kearley,  business
—Aleuts in Room 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. Mc-
Dougall, 1162 Powell atreet; recording seoretary, R. H. Elgar, Labor Templu; financial
secrotary and business agent, E. H, Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
suotntion, Local S8-62—Otfice and hall,
10 Powell street. Meets every Thursday 8
p.m. Geo. Thomas, business agent; Thomas
Nixon, secretary.
and fourth Thursdays at 8 pr. Prosidont, Wm. Small; recording secretary, J.
Brooks;   financial secretary,  J,   11.  McVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7495^	
torn' Union, Local IMS, 1. A. T. S. E. A
M. P. M. O.—Meets flrst Sunday of each
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President,
J. 0. Lachanoe; business agent, W. E. Macartney;   financial and corresponding secre-
tary, H, O..lto.tldatt, P.O. Box'945,	
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meeta Bocond and fourth Mondays,
Kooiu 206, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avonue west; financial aeoretary, J. Campbell, 4S0S Argyl*
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street. Phone Bnyview 2696L.
ployees, Pioneer .Division, No. 101—
Meots Labor Tomplo, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. (Von-U;
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting, 2651 Trinity street; financial secretary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
Amorica, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Tuesday in each month, 8 p.m. Presl-
dent, Francis Williams; vice-president. Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, 0. McDonald, Box 603; financial secretary, H,
Nordland, P. 0._Bu3t 503.
Inwt Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President, H. C. Benson; vice-president,
\V. R. Trotter; secret ary-treasurer, R. B.
Neelands, P. O. Box 66.
"The Chicago 'ogg king' declares
that he iB going to 'sit tight' and watch
the value uf his 6,000,000 dozen eggs
climb, Hays the Taeoma Labor Advocate,
nnd adds 'What are you going to do
itbo.it it?' Ho hus a corner on eggs,
just ns others hnve corners on other
commodities. 'Ue is not a monopolist,'
said tbo federal prosecutor of Chicago,
'because thero are othor people here und
in New York doing tho same thing—
buying low and selling high,' Why
should ono manipulator of prices bo
singled out for pmRecution when so
many aro enjoying immunity? Only
when there is ono lew nnd ono kind of
justice for all will this wrongful condi*
tion bo righted." The Federationist
suggests that thoso who persist in upholding tho present system of proporty
and business ought t*» have the decency
to accept its consequences without
squawking. As tho *ggs belong legally
to the "egg king," it is, strictly speaking, no ono's business whut he does with
Nothing will ruin tho country if the
peoplo themselves will undertake its
safety; and nothing can save it if they
leave that safety in any bands by tlieir
own.—Daniel Webster.
Of America    _
Vote agalnat prohibition! Demand personal liherty In choosing what yun will drink.
Ask for tbls Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale nr Porter, aa a guarantee that It la Union Made. This la onr Llbal
in annual convention in January. Exeoutlve officers, 1916-17; President, Jaa. H. MoVety; vice-presidents — Vanoouver, John
Brooka, E. Morrison;  Victoria,   C.  Siverts;
.New Weatminster, W. Yates; Prlnee Rupsrt,
W. E. Thompson, P. O, Box 168; Rutland,
|H. A. Stewart: District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; Dlatrlct Id,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
;Cartor.   Secretary, treasurer, A. S. Wells. P.
|0. Box 1538, Victoria, B. C.	
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meota   flrst   and   third   Wednesday,
Labor Hall,   1424  Government  atreet,   at  8
p.m.    President.   E.   Christopher,   Box   387;
vice-president, Christian Sivertz, 1278 Don-
.man street; secretary, B. Simmons, Box 302,
!viotorIa,_B. C.	
Victoria, B. C.   P. O. address Box 92.   Local
union meets first and third Sunday, 10 a.m.
iPlaco of meeting, Labor Hal), DeCoBtnos blk.
'President, J. Johns, 322 Dallas road; secre-
■ tary, J. M. Amer, 1045 McClure street; busl*
I ness agent, 8. Ciillnm, phono 1101R,	
of America, local 784,   New Westminster.
Meeta seeond Sunday of each'month at 1'80
p.m.   Secretary, V, W. Jameson, Box 498.
Couneil—Meets second and fourth Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters* hall. President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, J. J.
Anderson, Box 278, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W, OF A.—
Meots second and fourth Sunday of each
month, at 3.80 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Head; vice-president, Wm. I ven;
recording secretary, Jas. Bateman; flnanclal
secretary, S. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
Coal mining rlghta of the Dominion, lo
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tbe Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
ln a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 3,500 aeres will be leaaed to one
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant tn person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district in whloh the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land mast be de*
sorlbed by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, tnd In nnsurveyed territory the
tract applied for ahall be Staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of 15, which will be refunded tf the
rights applied for are noi available bnt not
otherwise. A royalty aball be paid on the
merchantable output of tht mine at the rate
of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for  the  fall quantity  of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon.   If
*L ' -' ' - rijthU ^ '-
urns abc
I year.
the coal mining righti are not being operated,
snch returns ahould be furnished at least once
The leaae will Include the coal mining
rights only, bnt the losses may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may he considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rata ot 110 an acre
For full Information application akonld b#
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sab-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of tbe Interior.
N. B.—Unanthorlsed pnhlleatlon of this a<>
Tirtlrwniflfi* wW aat ba paid tor—80890 OFFICIAL PAPIB VASOOVVEB
EIGHTH, YEAR.  No. 50 (Christmas Edition)
The Home of
Santa Claus
Onr Christmas stock is all opened up
now.   Better ttls year than ever.
We aro showing the only unbreakable
Dolls in the city. They are all wood,
with steel springs and hinges and absolutely break-proof.
American Modal Builder, Wagons, Doll
Carriages, New names. New Toys.
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VANCOUVER, B. C,     FRIDAY,DECEMBER 15,1916 (Christmas Edition)     |       <fcJrS5)       $1.50 PER YEAlt
Because its unfailing, top-notch quality never varies,
always the same, and
The Best Made
You CANNOT be mistaken when
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For a practical gift
a Carhartt
He'll think of you so often
when he's working.
It's always a compliment to
give the bed
a Carhartt
B. C. made.
' Honestly made.
The Best Made.
1917 Christmas Greeting Poem
Written by W. A. Ryrie.
A right good Merry Christmas,
And a grand old Happy New Year.
Honest work and pleasant, too,
To those who're near and dear.
We'll buy the goods our own folks make,
And they'll buys ours, you see,
For foreign folks can't do as well
Than is done by you and me.
A Merry Xmas
-and a-
Happy Start
—on a-
Happy New Year
It's best done by
wearing a CARHARTT
The Best Operators
Your Own  Girls
The Work of Our Own Girls
...December 15, 191(
On distinctive and exquisite lines the
new Semi-ready models are minutely
tailored by expert tailors.
These are not ready-made factory
garments—but are tailored by men who
know—are shape-stayed and stitched
with the best silk thread.
The price in the pocket—the label
tells the exact worth of each garment,
whether it be $20, $25 or more.
(Sole Agents for Vancouver)
&rmi-rrahg Muring
George A. Campbell & Co.
500 BEATTY STREET, corner Pender
Telephone Seymonr 2793
Wish their many friends,
and readers of The
A Happy Christmas
and a Prosperous
New Year
872 Granville Street
Wm. Rennie Co. of .Toronto havo opened a new store at 872
Granville Street with a full line of seeds, bulbs, poultry supplies and garden tools.
Wake Up—It's not an Undertaker You Need
ten       ORDER 10 SOB. CARDS
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at tlie rate of If 1 per year.
We are now showing our samples of "Easter Cards."
An excellent selection to choose from.
No Longer Beg for Crumbs
at Poltical Trough of
Make Good Progress Along
the Line of State
OYDNEY, N.S.W.,lNov. 22.-(Specinl
& ly written for Tlie Federationist.)-
Becauae of its many achievement^ its
wonderful labor-socialist political machine, its grand and solid trade-union
movement, its highly successful scheme
of atate ownership, and its modern advancement along many lines ahead of
any other country in the world, Australia is today the envy of tho wholo civilized planet'
The events I am tbout to record hereunder, opens up a now and wonderful
argument. Is Australia to be the firBt
country in the world to bring about the
abolition of war by the people being
allowed to decide by vote whether they
will wago war or not! That is the big
question now being asked by people in
Early last September it was decided
that Australia would be asked to decide
whether conscription should come in
that country or not. This decision was
not arrived at spontaneously; Prime
Minister Hughes, who had just then arrived from Englnnd, wanted the Australian people conscripted at once, by legislative enactment. He implored for three
whole days and nights for the right to
conscript them within fourteen days. I
am given to understand that when he
was refused this, he even went down on
his knees to hia cabinet and party an'd
implored for that right with tears in hia
eyes. For he had promised England
such a condition. The Labor party of
Australia wns adamant. It aaid with
oho voice, "No conscription by parliament." If ever tho Australian people
hnve occasion to thnnk n body of honest
men that body ia the Australian federnl
Labor party.
No party in the wide world haa ever
proved ao true to its supporters.
Forced the Referendum.
After an impasse waa reached in the
party rooms, und this wns largely due
to the eloquent Bpeech by Labor-member
Anstey—tho "hero" of the federal
body—who spoke for seven hours
against the conscription nightmare, the
pnrty offered Hughes ns an alternative,
tho right to tnke a referendum of the
people to get their opinion on the matter, but this did not bind them to passing it into law even did the people consent by referendum to that being done.
Hughes had no other option but to accept this, or throw in hia resignation.
And so it was that the Australian
federnl parliament, for the first timo in
its history na regards the military administration, decided that tho people
sho-.ild be nllowed to ballot on tho conscription issue, I hnve detailed the
above informntion since a popular impression gained ground thnt Hughes waa
responsible for the referendum. I have
to deny this—he was not. But he wns
told that he would havo to accept this,
or suffer the withdrawal of his pnrty's
support. So it was thnt a voto was
taken of thc Austrnlian Commonwealth
on October 28 lnat.
A Bitter right.
I do not intend tr- tnke up any time
here in detailing how tno campaign of
the referendum waa carried out, except
to Bay that it was the bitterest political
fight that ever took place in this country. Now thnt it is over, no good cnn
be served by detailing bow tho campaign wns enrriod out.
But, as I write, nenrly n week nfter
the taking of the referendum, the re-
salts pouring in from over ton thousnnd
polling places denote thnt, by a magnificent majority, the people havo decided
that conscription will not come to Australia. The majority against conscription now makes it impossible for it to
be introduced into the commonwealth of
ThiB is the most rsngmfieent message
I have evor been privileged to give to
the renders of this journal, nnd tn the
peoplo of Canndn and the United fltntcR.
It opens np a lnrge question, for to be
logical in the future, the Australian peoplo will consider that they hnvo n right
to be consulted by ballot ns to whether
they will wago nny wars or not.
Australia in the Lead.
Australia is, I boliovo, the firat coun
try in the world that hns over bnllotod
on the conscription issue. And it is well
thnt it Is. The procodent now established Is one thnt will be seized upon by
nations all over tho world, nnd the outcome of it nil will certainly not bo to
the disadvantage of tho workers. It is
one thnt will bo pouncod upon by the
other nations of tho world, when the
people are strong enough to force it
home to tho governments. By cronttng
this precedent, wc have given n lend to
the other tintions thnt will surely be
It Bhows too that tho nnti-militariBt
party in Austrnlin is wonderfully Btrong,
though yet in its infancy. What it will
grow to in the futuro is something thnt
intoxicates tho imagination. The Conservative nnd militarist press thnt desired conscription in Australia ndmits
that it was the nnti-militarist aoction
thnt gave Austrnlin tho magnificent lend
against conscription—a lend thnt ennnot now bc overtaken by tho party
clamoring for conscription.
New South Wales.
Of tho six states in Australia involved
in thc flght ngninst conscription, the
Rtate of New South Wales—which is, by
the wny, tho most advanced Labor-socialist state in the world—led tho way
fur aheud of the others, in tho mnjority
against conscription. Right from the
very start, at tho close of tho first day's
count, Now South Wales' majority
against conscription jumped nway over
a majority of 100,000 against. And thnt
was novor cnught by tho conscription
vote. Each dny but nddod to itB magnificent mnjority.
The Australian Worker.
The reason for thia is plain. The
Australian Workor—one of the most ad
vanced Labor-socialist journals in the
world—came into the fight at the very
beginning. It had been educating its
workers and readers against conscription long before the actual fight began.
Its trenchant articles commanded respect everywhere, uud were eagerly read
by all shades of politicul opinion. When
the actual fight against conscription began, it jumped squarely into the breach,
firing broadsides against the conscription journals tiH they fairly reeled and
withered under the deadly fuailude of
ita weighty journalism. It engaged
Australia's leading political and nnti-
militariBt journnlistp-—men who, in this
tight, have made for themselves a name
throughout the world of journalism. Not
one of its arguments against conscription has ever been shattered by the capitalist press of Australia—comprising
over 700 newspapers. What a magnificent record for the leading mouthpiece
of Australian Labor-socialism. Coming down to individuals, .among the staff
writers on the Worker were to be found
such journalistic giants as Boote, Cas-
sidy, Francis Ahern, Mutch, Cotton, Ma-
honey, CruikBhank, Scott-Griffiths and
others—men whoso names arc household
words throughout Australia today; men
whose reputation will go down in Australian history unforgottonj mon who
command reapect in the halls of Australian journalism today. Of tho above
writers, too much cannot be Mid for tho
part thoy played in the making of the
mngniflcent victory, for Australia
against conscription. They sunttered
and blew to pieces every ahrcd-ffr argument for conscription in such a way
that refutation wns Impossible, and
made for themselves names that will
stand long In the hiato'ry of journalism
in Australia.
A Flood of Pamphlets.
Tho fight was bitotrly waged by both
sides throughout the campaign. Never
was there such a flow of political literature throughout Australia. It waa hard
tb realize that there waa a shortage of
paper supplies, judging by the amount
of material in the way of newspapers
and literature turned loose on the people. The Australian Worker Press alone
turned out ovej 5,000,000 pamphlets, in
adidtion to running ita own newspaper,
with many special editions and supplements. To show tho popularity of the
Australian Workor in the campaign, it
is only necessary to mention that within
three weeks the subscription roBe ovor
31,000. And it is sufe to Bay that much
of this increased circulation will be held
in the future.
A Flow of Oratory.
Novor was there such n flow of oru-
tory as was intonated throughout the
length and breadth of Australia. When
wo consider that tho full weight of Australian capitalism wus behind the conscription party (for reasons that must
be apparent to every render), while
money flowed like wnter into the coffers of those wishing conscription,, it
makes our victory all the more magnificent. Tho anti-conscription party was
hampered for funds from the very beginning. Money hnd to.be got by public appeal and collections from the
working clnssos mainly, nnd to do the
workera of Australia full justice, it is
right to add thnt they responded
Two Oreat Issues.
Two great issues in the campaign
aided ns finely. Theso wero the position of the other dominions and whut
thoy were doing, nnd the colored labor
question. In tho former, the great card
played was thc comparison with Canada,
which subject was ably handled by Mr.
Francis Ahorn iu the Australian Worker, owing to his position in the Cnnndinn Lnbor movement und press. Cables
concerning Canada wero suppressed
when tbey showed Canada in a position
not favorablo to the conscription cause,
but these suppressed cables were
brought to light nnd played upon to the
fullest extent. Another feature which
added thousands of votes to the nnti-
conscription cause wns a cable (faked)
stating thnt tho Cnnndinn Trades and
Labor Congress bad urged conscription
in Canada—which informntion Francis
Ahern was ablo to authoritatively deny
in hiB official capacity. Tho other great
issue waa the colored lnbor question,
nnd na if providonce favored us, at the
identical moment when convincing proof
was needed, Maltese began to arrive in
the commonwealth by the hundreds. In
vain tbe capitalistic press aaid thoy
came of their'own free will—but they
could not convince the Australian public that Maltose getting sixpence a day
could save up $112 for n boat-fare. And
when authoritative informntion camo to
hnnd that some unknown person wns in
the habit of pnying their fares into the
shipping office at Malta before sailing,
great wns their discomfiture.
Australia for Australians.
Another feature wns tho spontaneous
rush of public approval to tho no-conscription cause. While a couple of
months ago, the military feeling was
very high in the country, and it was a
hard mutter to appear in the open to address meetings against conscription, directly tho full weight of the onti-mili-
tnristir journals wus thrown to the public, tho military opposition seemed to
melt away at once. A new parly sprang
as if from nowhere—out of the ground,
of its own accord. Tt can bo snid that
in a night tho "Notional" Australian
spirit rose up; not by nny means a feeling ngninst Englnnd in tho war, (for
Australia is ever willing to stand by
Englnnd to tho end—but not as eon-
Rcripts), but rather a fooling of intense
patriotism by Australians for Austrnlin. Our greatest card in the campaign,
waa of course, "Australia for Australians nnd (he white rnco," nnd never
waa,a slogan more heartily seized upon
by n nation.
Utter Bout.
Tho coiiBcriptionists started out by
making assertions that could not stand
the searching inquiry of tho anti-militarist writers. Driven from trench to
trench in their defences, they fell bnck
on wenker arguments ns they retreated
—tho one conflicting with the other.
During the last weok of the campaign,
thore wns visible a state of utter rout
in their.ranks. Thoir arguments confused ono with the other, their statements were utterly reckleBB, and in
many cases wero given out by speakers
in one place, only to bo denied by other
speakers in nnotbor plnco. We wero so
sure of victory in tho closing days that
ench of the nnti-conscriptionist writers
wero willing to Btake their lives on the
ballot box giving 'us tho most magnificent victory we havo ever had. And so
it proved to be.
A Frenzied Minister.
With conscription defeated, we have
now to turn our minds to tho political
situation.    Tho leader of tho federal
abor pnrtyr-Prime Minister Hughes—
now finds himself utterly discredited by
his own party. Within the next fow
days bo will bo forced with resignation
with what shred of dignity ho has left,
or be forced to resign with no dignity
at all. Never has a leader in Australia
fallen with such dramatic suddenness.
Within two weeks no less than four
members of his cabinet of ten resigned
office, leaving but six in the cabinet,
nearly all of whom were opposed to conscription. The first member to resign
was the minister of trado and customs,
some couple of weeks before the ballot.
His resignation waa followed by three
other cabinet ministers the evening bo
fore tho ballot was taken. They had
held a cabinet meeting to consider on
executive minute launched by Hughes
as a last desperate card which would
have disfranchised a huge "anti-conscription" vote. They refused to sanction any interference with the electoral
system. Nothing daunted HugheB, in
desperation on the very day before the
ballot called a semi-private cabinet
meoting of four ministers favorable to
bia policy, and authorized the executivo
minuto his full cabinet had turned
down. Out of the men who sat at this
cabinet, one was mnn onough to protest
und wired tho information to the other
members who wore not present. Within
two hours three resignations were in the
hands of the prime minister. It is Bafo
to say that this act compelled Hughes
at the very last moment to withdraw
his minute, while at tho same time it
lost him thousands of votes for conscription.
Utterly Discredited.
Hughes, ns a lender of the Australian
federal Labor movement, iB utterly discredited. Ho is expelled from the Labor
movement in Australia for all time, for
carrying tho conscription issue to the
eountry when Lnbor was against it. Hia
resignation is now only n matter of
days—perhaps hours. If ho does not resign voluntarily, his own party will compel him. Never in Australia's politics
has a leader fell from grace so rapidly.
But the main thing is we defeated
conscription in Austrnlin, and by so doing crented a precedent that every aane
nation in the world would do well to follow. Once the people nre allowed to
vote on war, it is safe to say there will
be nn end to war. Tho vote juBt tdken
in Auatralia proves this to the fullest
Believes It to Be the Duty of the State
to Take Oharge of Food Distribution at Actual Oost.
Joseph A. Whitehorn, socinlist member-elect of the New York stato assom-
bly, heartily endorsea the plnn proposed
by Mayor John Purroy Mitchell of New
York city to establish termiuul markets
for the aale of food at cost to New
Whitehorn was nskod whether he
would voto in the state assembly for
such a bill as Mayor Mitchell hus under
consideration.   ■
"Certainly, I will vote for such n
bill," he Baid, "provided it contains no
jokor, and really means to ostnblish the
terminal facilities thot are being talked
of. I ,vill even go much further than
that. I will vote for, and, if necessnry,
introduce a bill making it mandatory
upon tho city of Now York to prevent
poverty, to got food at cost to the public, and to provide othor necessities,
such as coal, ice, etc.
"I stand flatly on the entire socinlist
programme, which declares it to be the
duty of the community to protect the
people from food sharks und speculators
in the necessities of lifo. My record in
the coming sessions of tho legislature
will seo me always on the sido of the
peoplo versus the corporation and tho
greedy trust." 4
Whitohoru will bo one of the two socialist members of the assembly at Albany from Now York. Ho was elected
in a normally strong Democratic district, aud his election was a grent surprise to tho politicians of that party.
$750.00 in good Canadian
Gold Given Away
Great Free Guessing
The Diamond Man
labor Templt Press    Sey, 4490
—Is printed on—
The Powell River Paper Co. wishes all its union
friends and others the compliments
of the season.
Something useful is the best kind of gift to make to the members of your
family. Scan the following list and select from it:
Men's and
Men's and Boys' Dressing Gowns and
House Coats.
Men's and Boys' Sweaters and
Sweater Coats.
Men's and Boys' Kid and Mocha
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Ladies,' Men's and Boys' Handkerchiefs.
Ladies' and Men's Umbrellas, Muf-V
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Boxes, Purses, etc.
Valises, Suitcases and Motor Rugs in great variety.
Established 27 years   Tel. Sey. 702      309 to 315 HASTINGS STREET WEST FBIDAT...
...December 15, 1916
Phone 395
731 Tront Street
We deliver immediately anywhere in the city.
goods are best money can buy.
We cater especially to the union trade.
Come and see us, and we will treat you right.
Nearly 2000 Copies
Sold since Nov. 1st.
Orders from miners' unions, central labor bodies,
local unions, S. P. of C, S. D. P. of C, have been received, as well as mail orders from here and there
all over the world.
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
' D
It has been universally
pronounced "worth
while." You should read
it some evening this
In lots of less than 100 copies, per copy,
10 cents postpaid.
In lots of 100 or more, at 5 cents per
This little booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding the economic basis of capitalist society, and the
position occupied by the working class within it.
It clears up much that has long confused, not only the
workers themselves, but many others who have given thought
to the vexations and anomalies of modern civilization.
It is invaluable to every student of social phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working class.
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, for distribution
among member.;, either for sale or otherwise.     '
The B.C. Federationist
tabor Temple, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Makes Enquiry Into Trade
Development and Its
Comment and Suggestion in
Regard to Labor
VICTORIA,   Doc.   13.-
Some weeks
ago tbo central labor body received
a letter from tbe speciul committee of
tbe senate on agricultural, industrial
and trade development in Canada. It
was referred to a special committee of
tbe council, and after mature consideration, have submitted tbe following comprehensive report:
"To tbe ollicers and members of the
Trades and Labor Council;
"Fellow Workers: Your committee
haB carefully studied tne documents referred to it. Tbe subjects covered in
tbo letter and minute of tbe committee
of tbe privy council are of sucb importance and variety that your committee
must reluctantly admit its inability to
deal with the questions referred to in a
way they deserve, because of the obvious limitations and obstacles whieh inevitably arise in the path of a com*
mitee of this kind. The several matters
and questions referred to the royal commission mentioned in tbe letter, are of
such vital importance ana effect to the
industrial and commercial life of tho
nation tbat a thorough analysis of the
different phases of each question would'
probably iill several volumes, without
going into many of thc details.
"Your committee therefore decided
to group the different subjects, and on-
deavor to draw up a report in condensed
form. On examination of the subjects
referred, thc committee inula thnt the
several questions may be grouped 01
classed into three general beads ns follows: Agriculture, Manufacture aud
"Your committee has endeavored to
bo guided in its observations by local
conditions as well as experience gained
both in this city and province.
"■Respecting the general division of
tho subjects, the committee offers the
following observations as some of the
grounds for its views and recommendations thereon.
In his observations to tho commission, the premier has remarked thut
since Co inula has in thc pnst been a borrowing country, and must in the future
continue to borrow in ordor to develop
her resources, that no recommondation
that would affect cither capital seeking
investment or already invested, would
be considered us in the best interests of
the country. Wo feel in this mntter
that we are by duty bound to call the
attention of the commission to tbe
monopoly of many of Canada's finest
resources through lack of control of cap"-
ital already invested in thc Dominion.
"While realizing tho necessity of at
present encouraging development, we
fool that nil capital for same should be
controlled by tho Dominion nnd provincial governments, and that all- develop1
ments should bq manipulated by the
snme bodies.
In British Columbia alone there are
mnny millions of feet of tho world's
finest lumber in tho hands of specula
tors. There are minerals lying idle
through the same cause, and many
thousands of acres aro held by largo
land trusts which have acquired suine
through misrepresentation of the home-
steading and pre-emption laws.
"It is acknowledged by the premier
thnt the present system of homesteading
hns not hnd the effect of developing agricultural lands. It has only been a
means of acquiring our most fertile and
accessible agricultural resources.
"The committee has considered the
mattor of educating the fnrmcr with u
view to incronscd returns, and feel that
in this question there is a field for much
Tho average farmer is in the unfortunate position of being subject to thc
wholesaler and his prices.
"It has been shown many times that
an agent of one particular elevator company, who has made an offer for a crop,
hns done so knowing that he will get
tho crop at that price through means of
Facts Worth Knowing
This ooal is mined in
BritiBh Columbia.
We do not employ
Orientals.   .
Coal is  Bcnrce due  to
labor conditions.
Nut Coal
Is our specialty—right
now we can givo immediate delivery. To delay
ordering is sure disappointment.
Middlesboro Collieries
Granville Street
Phone Seymour 1003
Granville Street
Phone Bayview 2827
an understanding with his colleagues in
the elevator business.    ■
"Oar cattle.ranchers are all Bubject
to the several cattle kings of tho west.
"Whilo the farmer like nil other
workera, ia in a position to require forever a more and better education, your
committee feels thai a square deal in
the shape of open and accessible markets are at the present thc most necessary points in regard to increased returns to the farmer.
' Manufacture.
(' The matter of manufacture, its control and manipulation has long been a
point affecting the workers and demanding much of their thought. Your committee wishes to point out that the
primo minister has observed the advisability of, as soon aB possible, before exporting, bringing.our products to a finished state. y
"It iB not a practice followed by private concerns to locally operate manufactories. While it is obvious that labor
at the prevailing rate must be employed
in the development and general working
of our resources, it is a common practice
to ship raw materials to n point where
it can be brought to its finished state at
a minimum cost.
"In British Columbia we find that the
major portion of our smeltoring is done
in Washington, U. S. A.
"Wo also find that in the motterj>f
locnl industries that thc concerns operating them havo brought into then
plants, wherever possible, Orientals to
handle these industries.
"The fishing and lumber industries of
British Columbia ore almost entirely in
the hands of Orientals, ns far as the
labor is concorned. To this wo have
two objections; they being that tbe Oriental is not a voter and hiB conditions
of existence are such that he is nn economic menace to tho white worker.
Probably tho clearest exposition of
the views of organized labor throughout
Canada, on the question of immigration,
is to be found in tho report of proceedings of tho annual «onventions of the
TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada,
information on which cun be hnd from
P. M. Draper, secretary-treasurer, Box
375, Ottawa.        »
"As for the working people of British
Columbia, they havo nt all times been
squarely opposed to immigration in its
ordinary assisted form. They feel that
it is a device that works ngninst their
interests. They know that immigration
schemes are not advocated out of any
benevolent regard for those who may arrive us immigrants in this country,
rather it is supported with a view to enhance land values and to create traffic
for railway lines, and also to maintnin
on army of unemployed in cities for the
purpose of keeping down wages. The
workers have realized these objects to
be tho meat and marrow of tho modern
Immigration theory, and have tried to
express that conviction logically. Experience has taught them that thoy huve
divined the immigration philosophy correctly. Workmen's organisations or
trnde unions do not originnte immigration ideas, such plans of herding and
transporting people from land to land
and place to placo nre usnally evolved
in thc brains of persons that, bonrd of
trade, real estato exchanges and kindred
organizations aro composed of, and
whoso interests are diametrically opposed to that of the working people.
"In theXminute of the privy council,
the primo minister mentions some rnther
significant facts concerning the land settlement feature of tho immigration policy ns carried out in tho past, and there
is no change proposed on this subject in
his outline of a new policy on agriculture, unless that of carrying on a vigorous and effective policy of immigration
is to be considered a change. Ab is
well-known, tho government of Canada
hns for numbers of yenrs past ostensibly
discouraged the immigration of artisans
nnd laborers, confining its efforts in
thnt respect to secure bona fide settlers
and agricultural and domestic help, yet
tho prime minister ndmits thnt this plan
has failed to secure settlers or farm
help. Ho also states that large areas of
land for which homesteaders have secured patents are not under cultivation.
All of which proved to your committee
that the immigration policy of the Dominion has proved a failure in its avowed nnd essential obpject, and the provisions of protection to artisans has turned out to be a force, ns it is stated that
people of agricultural habits immigrating to this country have, instead of settling and remaining on tho Innd, crowded into railroad enmps nnd cities, competing thero for precarious employment,
suffering much hardship ns n consequence.
"Your committeo is of the opinion
that even if there wero any merit in
this traffic in mon nnd women, thnt nre
involved in the vnrious immigration
plans, thnt. the government ennnot give
consideration to any of it for somo years
to come, in face of the pressing problems ot home. Among theso will bo to
make workable plans by which tile mnny
thousands of returned Soldiers, both during nnd nfter the wnr, can bo established in self-respecting competency, as well
ns the directing to peaceful nnd useful |
activities thc lnbor of thousands thnt
nro now engaged iu the production of
war supplies. It sounds liko tragedy to
talk of inviting immigrntion until these
nnd many similar problems are met nnd |
satisfactorily solved.
"In view of the above, your committeo roccommends that this council go on
record in favor of:
"(a) Government assistance nnd
supervision of agriculture to nny extent
thnt mny from time to time be deemed
essential to improved methods of production, teaching nnd encournging closer
settlement and to devise means whereby
available land near centres of population would be brought into cultivation.
"(b) To cancel homesteading and
pre-emption laws nnd substitute snmo
with long terms of leaso, with the view
of thus preventing large trnctB of land
becoming monopolized by speculators.
"(c) Government control of terminal facilities, governmont power to as-
sumo control of transportation lines of
every description. Complete ownership
by the government of nil cold Btorage
and elevator facilities nnd the establishing of governmont crenmeries with
branch separators throughout those districts which arc most suitable for dairy
"(d) Thnt natural rosourcoB, such
ns timber lands, mineral doposits, water
power, etc., be withdrawn from private
ownership or control, and thnt the government carry on the uses nnd development of these resources for tho good of
the people.
"(c) Thnt the federal government
discontinue nny nnd all assistance to
immigrntion, nnd abolish nil private immigrntion agencies. Also thnt a literary
tost bo applied so that all immigrants
shall bc required to rend and writo in
some language or tongue.
",T. FOX.
Because it tends to raise wagos. This
is proven by all sorts of evidence.
Because it prevents a reduction in
wages) reductions raroly come to well
organized labor.
Because it aids ia getting shorter
hours. Ask the union men who aro
working eight hours, or loss: they can
prove it.
Because it places labor where it must
be respected. Powor wins respect (rom
employers as from all men.
Because it gives the workingman self
Because it dovclops fraternity. Craftsmen are all too jealous of and suspicious
of one another even nt best.
Because it is a good investment. No
other investment gives back so large a
return for expenditure of time and
Because it makes thinkers. Men need
to rub intellects together in matters of
common concern.
Because it onlargos acquaintance. The
world is too restricted for wage-earners.
Because it tenches cooperation. When
laborers co-operate thoy'will own tho
Because it makes tho job a better one.
The bully foreman can't bully the union
! card.
Garment Workers is Eastern Canada to
Adopt New Scneauie.
A mass meeting of the International
Garment Workers' union, which hod
been conducting a membership campaign in Toronto for some weeks, was
addressed last Sunday evening by B.
Schlesinger of New York, and several
other labor officials. Hr. Schlesinger informed the meeting that a new schedule
of wuges and a shorter working day had
beon drafted and would be submited to
33 employers at an early date. There
ure between 84,000 and 25,000 garment
workers in Toronto and Montreal.
Thore will be seven Labor candidates
in tho coming civic elections at Winnipeg. They will stand for pijblic ownership of publie utilities and a reduction
of the cost of living.
DAVID «■>■»'"".■», LID.
Spencer's Christmas Jewelry Sale
of Men's Gold Rings
FOB $4.36—Maple Leaf and Canadian emblems; also various carved and
plain effects.   Begular $5.25 to $6.00.
FOB $4.86—Including shell cameos and amethyst settings. Begular $6.10
and $6.75.
FOB $5.36—Plain and carved ovals and shields with sapphires, rabies,
topaz and colored stones.  Begular $6.75 and $7.75.
FOB $6.36—Rings with oblong corals, plain and carved. Oddfellows'
emblems and belchers.  Begular $8.00 and $9.00.
FOB $7.36—Some flne green and black onyx and bloodstones, cameo and
intaglio cut.  Begular $10.00 to $11.75.
FOB $8.36—Oddfellows' signets, with emblems in blue; 14 karat gold.
Begular $12.75.
FOB $9.36—Extra massive carved 14 karat signets; also cornelian and
green onyx.   Begular $12.50 to $14.50.
"   ,  —Jewelry Department
David Spencer Limited
"Tha Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, Incidentally, furnishes a living to some forty odd brewery workeri.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Bala at all Livior Stores in
Sootless Coal
Saves Half the Kitchen Worries—Costs Less than
ordinary coal. If you have not tried it, ask those
who have.
Nut, (6.00 Egg, $6.50 Lump, $7.00
Phone Bay. 1216.
Phone Bay. 1216.
Give Something Useful
Give Something Electrical
Useful—electrical; these terms are synonymous,
but the electrical gift signifies something more.
It has charm and elegance and carries that individuality that makes it
The Most Welcome Gift
Thc pleasure of preparing part or all of tho meal at thc
table through thc use of electric devices, makes them
handy gifts for all thc year.
If company should call suddenly, the electric percolator,
grill stove or toaster is always ready.
Electric milk warmers, hot pads, radiators, make for the
cleanliness and comfort that the nursery demands. And
there is never any danger from electric appliances.
Sueh charming appliances as thc chafing dish, an electric
curling iron or boudoir set are sure to please that "someone" you intend should have thc best present of all. A
visit to our showrooms will convince you.
Electric Toaster
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
Phone Seymour
Electric Percolator
Electric Radiators
Electric Chafing Dish
Electric Grill Stove PAGE SIX
We Can Fuel All the People
All the Time
Phone Seymour 210
Wellington Lump
Wellington Egg
Wellington Nut No. 1
Comox Lump   Comox Nut
Comox Pea
that Appeal
Bring your Christmas Lists Here
"Mr. Brlttllng Sees It Through," Wells.   Price $1.50
"The World for Sale," Gilbert Parker $1.80
' 'Rhymes of a Bed Cross Man," Service $1.00
' 'When a Man's a Man," Wright $1.35
Is one vast array of all that delights the hearts of the
children in high-grade Toys that wear and give satisfaction for year in Toys, Dolls, Games and Wheel
make an ideal Christmas Gift. Prices from $2.50 up.
Boxes of Christmas Stationery from 50c up to $3.00
in many handsome leather and cloth bindings.
For Christmas Gifts of all descriptions, go to
FBIDAY. December 15, 1916
Pursuant with tho Constitution, a call is hereby issued for the Seventh Annual Convention of the
British Columbia Federation of Labor, to convene at 10 a.m. on Monday, the 29th of January 1917
in Revelstoke, B.C. '
Each organization affiliated with the Federation shall be entitled to one delegate for the first hundred members or less, and one delegate for each additional hundred members or major fraction thereof.
Central labor bodies, district boards, building trades councils, allied councils and similar bodies shali
be entitled to two delegates each, delegates from central bodies must be members of unions affiliated
with the Federation.
No proxies shall be allowed.
Delegates shall receive their credentials from their local unions in duplicate and send one copy to
the Secretary of the Federation at least two weeks previous to the date of the convention and deliver
the other to the committee on credentials.
No credential shall bc considered valid bearing more than name of delegate and alternate; provided that if alternate presents credentials and is seated he shall be tho only recognized repres'entta-
tive throughout the sessions o£ thc convention.
The Executive Board will meet prior to the date of convention for the purpose of preparing reports, appointing committees, etc.
You should therefore elect your delegate at once, as affiliated organizations who leave the selection of delegates to the last moment have very little chance of representation on the eommittces.
Any union or central body that has not been previously affiliated may become affiliated by paying
six months' dues for thc term they make application.
The revenue of the Federation shall be derived as follows: A per capita tax of two oents per member per month from all local unions. From central bodies, district boards, building trades councils,
allied trades councils, and similar bodies, one dollar per month. All moneys shall be payable in advance to the secretary of the Federation in two half-yearly instalments due aud payable in January and
July of each year.
If your organization is not yet affiliated, you may become affiliated and entitled to representation
at the convention by paying the per capita tax for the January to June, 1917, term, at the rate of two
oents. per member per month.
A list of the hotels and lodging houses, will be published later, and a copy forwarded to each delegate, as soon as duplicate credentials are received by the Secretary-Treasurer.
All delegates should purchase round trip tickets, no other arrangements having been made for
cheap rates.
With the Workmen's Compensation Act for Industrial Accidents and Diseases, now on the Statute
Books, the attention of the Federation can be directed to other legislative measures that would materially assist the workers of the province.
The legislative needs of the workers arc mostly of a provincial nature, and can only be secured
from the provincial legislature, and in view of that fact the necessity of a provincial legislative body
representing organized labor is apparent.
We find that the employing clasa, while in possession of the legislative halls, find that it is to their
interests to organize along provincial lines, in order to safeguard their interests, how much more necessary for the workers to have a provincial legislative body, such as the federation, which was formed
for the purpose of bringing the needs of the workers, as well as for the purpose of bringing the different
organizations into closer unity, in order that they may, by the exchange of ideas, and common discus
sion of the difficulties under which labor is placod, come to an understanding of the labor problem.
The continued agitation for the lowering of the restrictions on immigration, with the suggestion
that indentured Chinese be employed in the various industries, denotes the fact that the employing
class are going to at all costs, prevent labor from securing increases in the monetary wages in conformity with the increased cost of living, and every effort that is possible to be made will have to be
made, if labor is to retain its present standard of living.
Many matters of vital importance will be brought before the convention, amongst which will be
the much discussed "after the war problems" as well as others too numerous to mention in this call, the
following however, are sure to be dealt with.
Tbe enforcement of the Coal Mines Regulation Aet, and the removal of those that have proved,
either incompetent to enforce the act, or have wilfully neglected to safeguard the lives of the men engaged in this hazardous industry.
Amendments to tho Metalliferous Mines Act, giving greater security, and protection, to metalifer-
ous miners.
Tho enactment of a law, for a universal eight-hour day. ThiB should also include a six-day week
provision for street and electric railway employees.
A fortnightly pay day, all payments to be made in currency.
Regulations respecting the erection of poles, and equipment of all electric light and power plants,
in order that linemen may be, as far as possible protected from undue risks.
With changes greater and more momentous taking place at this time than ever before in the world's
history, it is necessary that organize-* labor should be alive to the necessity of a policy of aggression as
well as watchfulness, the convention may mean much or Uttle to the workers of the province, that depends on the interest and intelligence displayed by those that at this time are members of organized labor,
and while we are aware that times have been hard, and finanoial considerations mpy have a tendency to
retard our activities, yet with the issue at stake, viz., the welfare of the men and women who.toil, this
should not prevent local unions, and trades councils making a special effort to be represented at this
convention, and to local unions at this time not affiliated with the Federation, a special invitation is
given to them to take an active part in the work of the Federation by becoming affiliated and sharing
with those afflliated, the responsibility of planning Labor's work, and then working out the plan.
With the hope that the delegates in attendance will be numerous at this convention, and that they
will realize their responsibilities, I remain,
Fraternally yours,
P. O. Box 1838, Victoria, B. C.
Conscription and Protection,
With Red Revolution
As a Climax
Remarkable Man Whose
Predictions Are Now
Coming True
THE roar of tho guns in the great
European war has achieved one
extraordinary roBult, says Pulitzer's Review. It has silenced the once powerful voice of the most remarkable politician the British labor movemont has
as yet produced, that of John Burns,
M. P., for Battersea!
Bince thnt niemotable August day
two years ago, when England's declaration of war against Germany caused
tho world to tremble with expectancy
as to its future, those who did not
know him were amazed at John
Burns' resignation from the cabinet
and the highly paid and important position of president of the' board of
As he retired from that cabinet
meoting he walked to the Thames embankment and boarded a county councU tram to convey him to hiB residence, "Alverstroke" Clapham Common. The conductor recognized him
and said, "What's the news, Johnt"
(London workmen invariably address
tho ex-cabinet minister as "John" or
"War," was the laconic reply. "I
have resigned from tho government!"
"Strowtht" said the conductor.
"And how will it end I"
"First conscription, thon protection,
finally revolution," was the answer.
This was tho first and last utterance
on tho war John Burns has made. Two
years have passed. Conscription is a
reality, protection is fast approaching,
and those who have oars to hear de-,
clare they can already discern faintly
the rumblfbgs of the tumbrils of revolution. One of the most remarkable
things about Burns is that his instincts
havo never failed him.
From that bleak February day, 30
years ago, when ho bounded into notoriety ns "Tho Man With the Red
Flag," tho man who was falsely accused of having incited the unemployed to loot tho weBt end of London and perpetrate more damage to
property in a brief hour of riot than
all tho Zeppelin raids since tho war,
John Burns nevor has beon out of the
limelight of publicity, until his sense
of honor to his one-time colleagues
imposed silonco on his voluble tongue.
Burns ia a short, thick-set, sturdy
man of 58, who would pass for 40
were it not for the whiteness of his
beard and hnir! There is a swing about
bis walk, and a briskness in his movement thnt betokens the athlete. When
you moot him, you feel tho fcrutiny
of his piercing black eyes, surmounted
by bushy iron-gray eyobrows, and you
aro at onco either attracted or repelled
by his powerful personality. Ho was
conversant with Carlyle at an ngo
when tho majority of lads of the presont day are seeking intellectual sustenance in tho columns of alleged
funny pnpors. He hnd little schooling.
His parents were too poor. John
worked ns a boy in a candle factory
before he wns 12. He then became a
page boy. With the money he saved,
ho subsequently apprenticed himself
as nn engineer and before he was 10
became well known amongst the ad
vanccd radicals and embryo Socialists,
who used to debate on Sundays in the
London parks.
Burns wbb then regarded as a reckless demagogue, and was "mistaken,"
to quote Oeorge Bernard Shaw, "for
the French ro volution" by the upper
nd middle classes! Twenty years
later ho was King Edward's closest
friend nnd his son Edgar, now Lieut.
Burns, was the playmate of the present
Prince Edward of Wales and his
brother, Prince Albert, at Buckingham palace. A life-long internationalist, Burns knows no patriotism save
loyalty to labor and lovo for London.
The vast metropolis ho regards as his
child. Ho is more proud of being the
municipal father and pioneer on the
London county council of the New
London, with its wonderful trnm service, Its parks, baths, waBhhousos, freo
libraries and civic senso of responsibility, than of anything else in the world,
snve In being John Burns!
During tho past 30 years and up to
tho outbreak of tho war no ono has
beon kept before the public eye so con
stantly as John Burns. He refused
$2,001) a week to appear on the music
halls aftor the great dock strike, but
sold his well-worn blue serge suit and
straw hat, in which he won "the dock'
er's tanner" (sixpence for an hour's
work) to Madame Tussauds, to clothe
his "counterfeit presentment" in wax
for $150. Famo on the music halls he
knew was transitory. Madame Tussauds, oa the other hand, is a permanent institution.
What will his future bet
To all inquiries ho preserves n
sphinx-like silenco. But Tower hill
and Trafalgar square will hear ' his
voico again, and it may be that he
will occupy another cell in Pcntonville
prison beforo a now social and political
upheaval rcstoros him to his old or
oven a more important position in tho
cabinet of Great Britain.
"Thoso who aro always suBpiciouB
know themselves as thoy would not like
& CO., LTD.
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthful, nourishing
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Buy Clothes for
the Boy for Xmas
THIS Store will be open
every night, including the
Saturday during the week
previous to Christmas
Boys' Clothes Specialist   Vancouver and Victoria, B.C. PBIDAY...
..December 15, 1916
Do Your Xmas
Complete stocks to choose from.   All wanted, and
desirable Gift lines and very inexpensively priced.
Special Christmas window displays—don't fail to
view them.
; MfhTBudson'sBaaiTonipani). M
I \^ .   _}      . i—M-MUttt   ltt*      nmmat I Skastmn.tttatt aaHmtvaan y^B^)
Granville and Georgia Streets
(Rex Theatre Building) WIU Olve Away
Seven Thousand Five Hundred Dollars
in cai-.li between now i»nd tlio New Ycur.
The Murk amounts to $20,000, tho liabilities aro $12,500. Thu assignee must
hav* thla nmount of cash to pny off the creditors and will RacriHci* the goods to
raiau thla money.
Every customer will receive nn ciiual portion of thla $7,600.00 on ench article
purchased during the salt-. The Asalgneo has been in chnrge of. this store since
Decembor of laat year, and has sold most of tho Geo, G. Biggar & Co.'h old atock
during tho paat eleven months.
Tbo croditora bave not received any dividend* from thla estate, the money received
having boen used to purcltnae new goods for the Christinas trade, and consists in
part aa followa:
Diamond rings, necklets, hroochea, tie pins, cult links, gold watchea, ladies' wrist
watches, military wrist watchea, gold watch chains, lockets, fobs, engagement rings,
wedding rings, signet rings, emblem rings, baby rings, nugget watcb chains, necklets, pendants, lockets, tie pins, cameo Hugs, brooches, ear rings, Cimklln self-tilling
fountain pens, cigarette cases, vanity boxes, mesh bags, silverware, tea sets enke
baskets, knives, forks and spoons, toilet sets, Ivory jewel boxes, toilet sets, mirrors,
brush and combs, pearl necklets, picture frames, bracelets, clocks, cut glass, etc.
Our prices Ilave not been "padded" for this sale. All goods marked In plain
figures. You select the goods you wnnt and receivo your share of $7,500 which is
being given away with ench purchase. You do not have to do nny guessing. The
store will be kept open until 10 o'clock ench evening,
Remember the time. The sale is now on. Remember the place. The Geo. G.
Btggnr & Co., Jewellers, 2.1 Bastings Street West (Rex Theatre Building.) Remember the mnn who is selling  the stock.
BUpply you with pure, frosh Milk—Oars is n Sanitnry Dairy—not sanitary in name only—huving every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils ure thoroughly sterilized before being used. The
milk comes from the Frnser River Valley.
Universal Car Company
Cars sold for cash or on terms. Used Ford cars
taken in exchange.
Our repair shop is now under the supervision of Mr.
J. S. Gibbs, late superintendent of the Ford Motor
Company, Vancouver branch.
(Continued from Page 1)
Retail Clothiers' association, is a strong
advocate of the substitution of a plan
based on the Seattle method for the
half-holiday prevailing here. Speaking
to The Federationist on the subject, he
I Baid:
'The weekly half-holiday for retail
clerks is legislation which is neither
'flesh, fowl or good red herring.' The
measure wns passed in auch a manner as
to give force to the claim that it was
put through aa a matter of politicul expediency, and this phase of the case is
one whieh doos not give promise of
sound economic or well-considered legislation.
'The question was put to a plebiscite
vote in Vancouver, und I worked with
those who favored u Wednesday half-
holiday, thinking taht in this manner
tho merchants would be able to better
protect tbeir interests und the shopping
public would be best served. We were
defeated at the polls, nnd Snturdny wns
choson as the day. In my line of trade,
the luw hus been observed strictly, and
nfter half n yonr of experience, we
know something of what a Snturdny
hnlf-holiday means,
General Dissatisfaction at Present,
"My honeBt belief is thut the Saturday half-holiday does not fully satisfy
any clasB. Speaking as a retail merchant. I say with emphasis thut it has
done me real harm in dollars und cents,
It iB true thnt there has been some improvement in businoss during the hnlf-
yoar, but this is d.te to general conditions, and is true ull nlong the coast. I
know that had it not beon for tho Snturdny half-holiday, my business would
have been even better than it is. A
comparison of my receipts shows thiB
conclusively. Why, there isn't a place
the she of Vancouver on the entire continent whore retail stores aro forced by
law to cIobo on a stipulated day, let
alone hnving Saturday afternoon established the year round for such n holiday.
'I believe I am speaking for the mereli-
Ijints of Vancouvor when I aay thnt this
; Saturday half-holiday has dono our business groat harm.
"Then take the case of the clerks.
When the plebiscite vote was tnken,
they were pretty well lined up in favor
of the Saturday. They have Heen its
effect on business, nnd know now from
experience, not on theory, whut the iden
means. What do they sny now? I can
tell you ense nftor case where clerks
liaye come to merchnnts nnd confessed
thut they made n mistake and that n
Saturday half-holiday wns not a wise
move. These clerks seo and know just
what it means nnd have been convinced
against a strong prejudice which previously existed.
Expression of Public Sentiment.
"Tnke the case of the public. Are
they satisfied? They certainly nre not,
ns is evidenced by the plnin statements
to which leaders of women's organizations (representing the great muss of the
shopping public), nro today giving
forth. The Saturday half-holiday, coming as it doos just at tho week-end, and
the day bofore a full closing dny, places
shopping inconveniences in the way of
the public which hnve certainly produced n marked effect on public sentiment
during tho experiment of the past six
months. No, tho public is not) satisfied
with the presont nrrnngement and the
manner in which the petition for n plebiscite poll in January is being signed,
fully verifies this opinion.
"As fur ns the city is concerned, tho
plan has certainly not worked out well.
As n tourist centre we hnvo made a bnd
impression, as a live businoss town, during the pnst six months. Tito city wns
formerly a regular week-end resort for
travellers, but the hulf-holidny certainly
didn't do anything to assist in its popularity along thnt line.
A Permanent Plan Is Needed.
"Will n Wednesday linlf-holidny fill
tho bill und givo satisfaction? Personally, I believe that it will be more .to
the public advantage tliun the present
nrrnngement, but I drfn't believe that
even this will satisfy everybody, and
that agitations for a change will have to
bo faced constantly.
"Whut is needed is something which
is substantial and stable, a working plan
on which merchnnts cnn go ahead without the four of constantly boing faced
with u situation which might alter business conditions. And right hore it seems
to me that the proposal for u 48-hour
weok for tho clerks with a minimum
wngo bused on tho Washington state
law, would moot tho case to tho advantage of nil who nre interested. I nm
not acquainted with tho details of tho
manner in which the 'shift' system is
worked in the Seattle stores, but it
seems to mo thut buch an arrangement,
bused on nn 8-hour day, might bc satisfactorily worked out. That would give
the clerks thoir shorter hours, enable tho
merchnnts to meet the demands according to tho custom nf the shopping public
nnd give the pooplo nn opportunity tu
follow their person nl convenience us to
mnking purchases. All of which is, possibly, muoh to be desired to give genoral satisfaction.
"For n permanent settlement of this
movement of tho clerks for the revision
of their working hours," concluded Mr.
Dick, "I believe thnt from ovory phase
of tho enso tho suggestion us to the
general principle of u 48-hour wook, and
a minimum wnge is the advisable course.
Details, of course, would hnvo to be
fully considered nfter the settlement of
the general principle."
Mr. Dick Btntcd that he had placed
Ids views, as noted nbove, beforo tho
Retail Clothiers' nssocintion, nnd thnt
thc iden received tho ndorsemont nf the
What Victoria Ib Doing.
In Victoria it is stated thut the retail
merchnnts nro opposed to nny plebiscite
poll on the half-holiday question nt tho
Jununry elections, nnd will not nttempt
to circulate petitions to that end.
Ou Tuesday the question of the 48-
hour weok for clerks wns informally
discussed by thc loading retailers, and
it wus generally thought that such n
plan could be worked out to general advantage to u much greuter degree thun
wns possible through tho weekly 1mlI'll olid uy.
Judges are but moit, nnd nro swnyod
liko other men by vehement prejudices.
This is corruption in reality, give it
whatever other name you plcnsc—
David Dudley Field.
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
Potato Patch
THE YOUNG man on the Hyuck Can.
yon Vindicator is responsible for
this: He waB down at tho Dew Drop
tavern last night, and old Hank Allen,
Jasper Jenkins and
Cy. Perkins were
there arguin' as usual. The discussion got
around to astrology,
fortune telling, etc.
"It would make a
horse laugh, said the
young man, to henr
old Hank tell how he,
had had his fortune
told by old Mary
Ketchum. She shuffled up the cards. Hank cut them for
luck. Then she laid them out after
Hank hnd charmed them to a dollar's
worth. Here's what she told old Httnk:
"You face u misfortune. It will
como upon you in three weeks. There
is a horse in it, but it may not materialize.1 A dark complexioned man faces
your life card. Ho is plotting against
you, fltid you must beware of him (Hank
stared at Cy.) Your marriage card faces
two women—one fair, tho other dark.
One you will have, the other yon will
not. I think you'll hnve tho dark one.
She favors the fair complexioned man,
which means trouble. You fnce money,
but you must earn it. There is a good
deal in the possession of three men who
own horses, but you may not get much
of it." Cy's. only rnmnrk was, "Well
boys, let's hist some "pizen," nnd the
trio, marched up to the bnr.
Httwkeye Iowa is in the throes of excitement or at least w eare led to believe so by this startling headline in the
Hawkeye Beacon: '' Where iB Dell
Knox's underwear?" We bite. Where
Ib itf
Not only the wny the wnrring nvin-
(Continued from Page 1)
entul labor and Bource of supply, waa
pointed out. But all argument und persuasion was useless and the Japanese
rock deal on the sea wall contract bid
fair to'go through.
And, now, follow this article. The
Japanese got out the rock and a number of scowloads were delivered in False
Creek. Just then work on the sea wall
was stopped because of tho Champion &
White injunction against the city. The
loaded scows laid in the creek for some
time, but, as it doesn't pay to have
scows out of service, the "white" firm
J looked around for a market for itB Japanese rock.
Rock Used on Ooal Harbor Causeway.
They found it, of course, nnd nlso a
market for the rock thc Jnpaneso had
made ready for loading.
And where did it go?
Look over, the Conl Harbor causeway,'
n eity undertaking such as the electors
huve again and again declnrc-d shnll be
free fro mthe taint of Orientalism.
There you '11 flnd this Japanese rock.
Or, again, take u trip to the Dominion
jetty now in course of construction near
Steveston, a place where Orientals and
their labor should certainly not be favored. And right there you'll find some
of the Japanese rock.
Isn't it about time aldermen and government authorities got busy and did
some enquiring?
A further complaint which is made
by the quarry owners is that they were
asked to quote prices on "one-inan-
size" rock, whereas the Japanese rock
now being supplied for the Coal Harbor
causeway is material of "take as run"
grade. If material of that class had
been specified the quarries could have
supplied it at considerably loss than the
quotation for '' one-man-size." " But,''
as one of the quarry men said, "this
'white' firm seems to get away with
anything on its Japanese rock."
Problem Is Serious for White Labor.
This business of a Japanese rock
tors mount sykwnrd  but also the man- Hupply hllH come to be B 8eriou8 mattor
Iter in   HfJlll'l   ftthAJ-  thlnm tiro   nnni> «n      »."   ' i .. .       i. t_ .      .. • i       .._       	
ner in which other things nre going up.
For instance, the cost of living, the
price of paper nnd the skirts the ladies
are wearing. It ia.simply shocking.
When nre we to see the end? This will
be a serious mntter for all of us. We
must endeavor to keep paper and printing prices, living costs and othor things,
flown.—Penticton Hernld (junior.)
Brother of Well-known Printer, Died at
Ilkeston, Eng,
A. A. Brookhouse, of Cowan & Brookhouse, this city, has received the sad intelligence of tbe death of his
brother, Bernard John, nged 31
yenrs, at Ilkeston, Eng,   The immediate ,'l,!
cause of tho young man's death, which
occurred on Nov. 17 last, was due to
atrophy of the liver, caused by a certain kind of poisoning, contracted in a
munition works, where he had been employed.
Last year, while working on tho
Canadian Northern railway, he
met with an accident at Sudbury, Ont.,
nnd was in hospital for ovor six months.
He started work at Ilkeston in August,
hnving only nrrived thc weok
previous in England from Cunadn,
where tho accident caused him to limp.
und which prevented him being passed
by the military for genternl service when
he presented himself at a recruiting office. He was a native of Englnnd, aad
lived with his mothor at Ilkeston. The
deceased wus widely known both in
Cnnndn uud the old country, nnd highly
stoomed and respected by all.
Open Forum Meeting.
On next Sundny afternoon nt 2,30, in
the O'Brien hall, Dr. T. P. Hull will
give an address on "Modern Phases of
Evolution," the meeting being held ns
one of the Open Forum meetings of tho
Oeorge E. Snider, watchmaker, Jeweller and optician, has moved to 72 Hastings street west, where lie will be
pleased to see all his union friends.
Drop in and see us whether you want to
tiuy or not. We will be pleased to see
for white labor,'' suid one quarry
owner. "We are todny willing to get
down to rock bottom price, covering
cost of getting out nnd delivery, in
order to keep our plants going. These
plants represent a large investment, nnd
we certainly thought when Oriental
labor was barred on the Canadian Northern development project, and on city
and Dominion undertakings, we would
get n chnnce for business which would
keep the quarries open. Now this white
firm with its Japanese laborerB behind
the scenes, hns entered .tho field, we will
probably be obliged to close down, dis-
chnrge our white labor, and let our
plnnts lie idle. That is certainly n bad
advertisement for a white British Co-
bia, nnd n black eye to the district
as far as the encourngemont of legiti
mate industrial investment is concerned.
Tho Federationist suggests that some
alderman would'possibly find it to advantage to take a few momentB from
the job of building election fences and
investigate the question of the "Orien-
tal in the rock pile," in connection with
the construction of the Cnnndinn Northern sea wnll nnd tbe Conl Harbor cause-
The Federationist
has just completed arrangements with
Mr. Geo. F. Stirling;
to make a tour of British
Columbia for tho purpose
of boostins its circulation.
Union officials and friends
and readers of The Federationist are asked to extend all the co-oporation
possible to Air. Stirling.
He is well armed with a
knowledge of the international Labor movement, a
good speaker and an untiring worker.
BUY Useful Xmas Presents
BUY House Slippers
BUY them at the
Phone Seymour 2036 E. S. TALBBUH, Proprietor
Vancouver's Poultry Supply Houee.
Oet egge while the price is high; uae our laying meal; Hd-lTi. suck for $1.80
Try our Scratch Food.  It contains no shell or grit.
. We cun sjpply everything, you need to make Poultry raising profitable.
Ask for prices.
Our stock includes Alfalfa Meal, Beef Scrap, SheU Bone, Grit, Lime
nnd Laying Tonics, etc.
Special attention given to "out of town orders."
Branches at South Vaneouvar and Colllngwood.
PHONE, FAIR. 186 and 878
Prepare Now to
Enjoy the Holidays, the
Spirit of Good Christmas Cheer
There is no place for toothache at the family board when
Old Santa comes around. Christmas cheer can not be en*
joyed by the toothless or by those wbo have only half their
My Permanent Crowns and Bridges are quickly and painlessly fitted into the alignment of your teeth. Only very
little time is required for the necessnry attention to your
teeth. Two or three sittings, occupying but a few minutes
nt n time, and you will be equipped with new teeth that are
beautiful ia their accurate resemblance to nature, thorough
and sound in workmanabip and accurate in their bite. The
best of golds, the best platinum pins, interchangeable teeth
reinforced on their biting surfaces.
Leave Tour Fears Behind, Z Will Not Hurt Ton
Tel. Sey. 3331 For A Free Examination.
Tnesdu ud
Seven to
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
Cor. Seymour
te One p.m.
fioo.l lor on. year's sabeerlpUoBB>tell'fEoB15r
4 n rtvwrx f. A nrvn *-*• Federationlit, will b. lulled ta aay ad*
1 (I SIT K I A RllS inv >• °~~ I" HO. (Oood aaywtm
t\t lj \J D, —■n.l\l-'>J 0„„u, 0| Vancouw elty.)   Order tea to-
day.   Remit when .old.
The merchant who does not advertise at all may
or may not be your friend, Mr. B. C. Worker, but it
is a foregone conclusion that he who liberally patronizes the columns of all other papers and refuses to
advertise in The Federationist, now the only Labor
paper published west of Winnipeg, is not looking for
your patronage; does not wish it and is not desirous
of your patronage.
Success Business College Ltd.
Belonging to
Canada's Longest, Strongest Chain of Schools
Winter Term Opens
Wednesday, Jan. 3,1917
Tuition for Cash and on Credit
Get Full  Information NOW
Corner 10th Avenue and Main Street VANCOUVER, B. C. PAGE EIGHT
FRIDAY. December 15, 1816
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands. Tho finest mixed
farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who have gone
in there are all boosters, aB they are making good.
If you want to go back to tbe land, write
Welton Block, Vancouver
There is nothing in the nature of compound in the
which is an absolutely pure food, both nourishing and delicious.
Made up to a standard and sold at the standard price of 25c per
1-tb., in bulk and in 1-lb. tins.
We recommend tbat readers of Tbe Federatlonist try a pound tin.
Seymour 1115 1285 PENDER STREET WEST
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East.   Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(McNeill, welch a wilson, limited)
Cartage Agents—Furniture, Piano and Safe
Baggage, Express and Motor Truck Service
80 Pender East Phones, Day and Night, Sey. 604-605
Coffee, Tea\ Cocoa
Dickson's Importing Tea
and Coffee Co.
Coffee Roasters, Orlnders, Blenders and Packers
Tea Blenders and
Finest Quality.   Always ilresb and fragrant
317-321 Columbia Avenue
Seymour 631
Wo havo a line lot of choice Pot Plants in bloom. Also Cut Flowors,
Holly Wreaths, Cedar Wreaths, Berried Holly, MiBtlotoo and Cedar
48 Hastings Street East.  Pbone Seymour 672-988
782 Oranvllle Btreet.     Pbone Seymour 9613
Pbone Seymour 3346
Tray Service
Some Progressive Moves On
the Part of An Ideal
Progressive State
Discredited Politicians Try
to Form a Bastard
The Choicest of Everything
Excellent Service
SYDNEY, N.S.W., Nov. 22.—(Specially written for Tho Federation!st.)—
From tbe returnB received from the
trades unions throughout Australia, X
lenrn that tho unemployment for tho
quarter ending Juno 30, li)ltS. shows a
dofireaso of from 5.9 per cent, lo 5,3 per
cont. This is lower than for any similar
period since tho outbreak of tho war.
Victoria and South Australia show a
slight increase, but all tho others, including Tasmania, record a decrease. As
regards the industrial groups, there
woro substantial decreases in tho wood
and furniture trndes, clothing, hats, and
boot trades, and similar decreases in the
mining and quarrying trades, and manufacturing nnd miscellaneous groups.
The unemployment ill tho building
trade, owing to it being raid-winter, is
nbo.it thc same as usual. The quarter
was exceptionally good for agricultural
and pastoral industries. Favorable climatic conditions mnke tho future look
very good indeed. Shearing commenced
earlier than usual, and the returns promise well.
Cost of Living Falls, What?
A Blight decrease is recorded in the
cost of food, groceries and house rent,
us compared with the previous quarter.
Of course, there is room for a huge reduction yet before prices will reach the
level of pre-war days. Wholesale prices
seem to be also slightly lower than during the previous quarter.
Industrial Disputes and Mishaps,
During the quarter there were 122 industrial disputes, which is ten less than
during tho previous period. Of tho total
number, 74. occurred in New South
Wales—principally in thc mining industry. There wero 225 changes in wage
rates, of which 108 occurred in New
South Wales. With but one exception
theBe 225 changes wero for increased
wage rates. The actual number receiving higher wages was 108,707, the increase aggregating $1.50 per week. During tbe quarter 22,864 persons applied
for work through tho government free
employment bureau, while but 9,239 applications from employers for lnbor
were received during that period. Thirty-two workers were killed and 1,213 injured in industry during the quarter. Of
these 25 were fatal nnd 879 minor accidents occurred in the mining industry.
In the building nnd structural iron
works trades, there was but one fatal
and two minor accidents—whieh for a
.threo months' showing in Australia, is
something of a record.
Government Handles Wheat Crop.
Now that the government has taken
over the exclusive handling of the
wheat crop, the Australian farmer is
now getting a price for his wheat thnt
was impossible tn realize undor the old
method of marketting through private
hands. The largest individual sale of
Australian wheat ever mado has just
been carried out, involving the transfer
of twenty million bushels to the British
government in one parcel. The price
paid was a shade over $1 per bushel at
the nearest market station to the farmer 's ranch. The only charge against
this price to the farmer is the government commission of one-sixth of a cent
por bushel. As soon as the farmer had
his wheat in the sack he received from
the government an advance of 84 cents
per bushel, to carry him over until the
wheat was morkctted. This matter was
financed through tho Australian Labor
Some Facts Pointed Out.
The great facte in the handling of
this wheat crop ure at onco revealed,
and under socialism only could they be
fully carried out. One is that the farmer received eight-tenths of the valuo
of his product before it was sold, and
the other is that a Labor bank did the
financing. Private enterprise in all of
its history never accomplished such an
undertaking as this, yet Australian socialism carried it out with the nonchalance of an everyday occurrence. What
now becomes of the old stock-worn contention of the impracticability of socialism I The wheut deal was arranged
with the British government, which has
now provided for sufficient shipping to
carry it from Australia, in company
with the Australia whoat fleet. The
ships have been commissioned at rates
far below those at present quoted. By
those moans it has tended to reduce the
prico of bread in' the old country, and
has adversoly affected tho price of
wheat in tbe hands of the speculators.
But the main thing is thnt it has demonstrated what can be done by intelligently dealing with thoBe economic problems
which affect the lives of all.
The Defeated Oonscriptionlsts.
We defeated conscription. Thut is
something to brag about for sure. The
workers arc all elated over their victory.
And now the renegnde politicians nre
getting theirs. The political Labor exocutive mado u complete slaughter of
the mon who defied their ruling nnd
went out in favor of conscription, whon
the conference decided that they wero
to tako tho platform against it. In New
South Wales, Holman (premier) and
moBt of his cabinet have been expelled
from the Labor movement. In Queensland, several Lnbor men and senators
have likewise suffered—the same can bo
snid of South Australia. In Tasmania,
tho louder of the Labor party is also expelled, whilo ia the federal parliament,
Bovernl cabinet ministers, parliamentarians and senators, and Hughes (the
primo minister) hnvo been expelled for
all time from Labor.
Political Wiggling.
In New South Wales Holmun, now
discredited by Labor, Is trying to form
a coalition governmont by the Conservative nssistanco. He has tnken fright at
the referendum result for in his own
electorate tho issuo was defeated by a
two to one majority. Ordinarily he
would have essayed to run as an independent candidate for the coming elec-
In Extensive
Values Were Never Better
A specially fine collection
of flne linen handkerchiefs, with embroidered
corner and also dainty
colored borders, at 35c
each, or 3 for $1.00.
Special line of linen Handkerchiefs, with colored
hand embroidered corners and rolled edge, at
30o each or 3 for 86c.
Crepe de Chine Handkerchiefs, in white with colored edge and also floral
designs, at 25c each.
White Handkerchiefs with
hand embroidered corner worked in colors, 2
in box, for 35c.
Fine Handkerchiefs, with
dainty hand embroidered corner, 3 in box, at
50c; or better quality at
2 for 65c,
Children's Handkerchiefs
in Dutch designs, 3 in
box, for 20c.
Fine quality Handkerchiefs, with nursery designs hi oorner, 2 in box,
at 25c; or better quality
at 2 for 35c.
Children's Colored Silk
Handkerchiefs at 10c
575 Granville <Phonc Sey. 3540
tioii8 (ncit January), but with Ms own
electorate so dead uguinst him, Lo fears
a facing of tho people as a discredited
man. It is thought that ho is angling
for the job of New South Wnles agent*
general in London—which job has reeently become vucunt. This would, of
course, bo an easy way out of his politicnl difficulties, but whether ho will get
this or not, remains to be seen. Two of
his cabinet—minister for mines and public cducntion—havo just resigned, refusing to follow him in his betrnynl to
Labor. In a couplo of days it. is cer-
tain that the parliamentarians who
would follow him in tho coalition government will be dealt with—expulsion is
sure to follow. . This will tnke Lnbor
out of offico in New South Wales, bat
rather out of offico and clean than in
office and disgraced.
The Wages of Bin.
In the federal parliament Hughes is
discredited, and since the referendum,
has not dared to face tho people. Ho
has rushed into the eountry, seeking
solace and quietness in tho mountains,
and refuses to be interviewed. Pour of
his cabinet ministers have resigned because they refused to sit with him after
he was discredited by Labor. In his
particular doctorate the conscription-
issue wus defeated by nearly 4 to 1—so
his position in the future does not look
bright. He seems to have overreached
himself in this matter, and will go down
to Australian history us the mnn who
fell quickest from grace and power
our land.
Vancouver Firemen Will Continue Effort
to Have System Adopted.
Thc Vancouver firemen hnve hold two
meetings during thc past wook, at each
of which the campaign for tho establishment of thc two-platoon system was
discussed. With the support of the 8000
citizens who signed their petition, the
firemen believe that their position' is
stronger than ever, despite tho refnt.nl
of the council to submit the quostion in
plebiscite form. The two-platoon committee outlined plans which were approved by thc men. Those look toward
tho uninterrupted continuation of the
campaign with the object of having the
system established in Vancouver May
1 next.
Industrial Turmoil Adds Zest to Choosing of 1917 Officials.
A Fernio dispatch, under date of Doc,
18, snys the miners of tho Crows Nest,
and under the jurisdiction of District
18, U. M. W. of A., were idle on Tucs-
duy, it boing election day. Incomplete
returns available show President Graham leading considerably over Vice-pro*
sidont Biggs, who is contesting for offico of district president. N. D. Tha*
chuk, of Cunmorc, leads for vice-president, whilo A. J. Carter, district secretary, is breaking evon so far.
Fornie minors on Tuesday night
amended thc resolution limiting the
completion of the "cost of living" in*
vestigntinn to Dec. 15 and oxtended the
timo limit to Dec. 31.
(Continued from Page 1)
British Columbia Federation of Labor, 1917
Convention to meet at
Revelstoke, on Monday,
January 29.
for recruiting tlie 300,000 men who have
volunteered to fight the empire's battles ia all the more disgusting and repulsive wheu one examiues the methods
whereby the patriotic enthusiasm of the
Canadian people hus been made to turn
the mill of profit and advantage for
party heelers. This, that and the other
pseudo-military genius was elovated by
the party machine (with the assistance
of the government) and given commissions as commanding officers, with powers to recruit for overseas service, These
party-made lieutenant-colonels then
gave out all tho available commissions
under them to their friends in the party
—usually u nondescript assortment of
real-estate sharks, lawyers and broken-
down stiffs who needed the army pay
to eat on. One would think some credit
for enlistment wub «oming to the rank
and file who offered themselves in the
ranks in spite of uunocessiiry discouragement. But no, tho whole credit for
recruiting was given to the supposed
"popularity" of this, that and the
other party-made officer who ono und
ull, without exceptions, that the writer
is aware of, accepted this flattery na
their just merit. All tho officers were
not of this stripe, but we are outlining
the general method followed. Instances
are known where certain officers, no
doubt of the party-made brand, remon
struted with hotel managers for liar-
b&i;ing mere private soldiers as their
fellow guests.
Inoculating Patriots.
If tho governmental powers of Canada, through their chosen agents, hud
deliberately set out to discourage recruiting by disgusting every decent man
with militury service, it is questionable
if they could havo succeeded in doing so
to a greater extent than they have. The
medical fraternity, ever ready to seek
the aid of governmental power to enforce their ghoulish practices, were authorized to exact from every recruit
•upon enlistment that suid recruit would
submit to inoculation and vaccination,
and many a stnlwurt patriot rots in aa
untimely grave, a victim to tho medical
superstition which claims to protect
health by polluting tho body with filthy
virus und, deadly typhoid germs. The
story of this crime will some day be
told with the details that it is now inv
possible to secure. If the recruit's pa
triotism and desire for military service
survived this test it soon encountered
a new one in the shape of the camp
commissary arrangements, wherein he
stood in a sort of bread line with tin
cup and plate to draw his meagre rations at the cuiup kitchens, which might
have served very well for swine-feeding
purposes. One indignity aftor another
was heaped on the privnte soldier till
hundreds of them in desperation deserted. It is common knowledge that one
unit in Alborta, after having recruited
fifteen hundred men, had a scant five
hundred on its strength.
Bennett's Work Funk.
Is it nny wonder that tho temper of
the Canadian workingmen, who have
contribute-.! the grent bulk of the recruits, should turn sour at such'methods,
And sour it surely is. It will take
something more than tbe puny bunk
dished out by Bennett and the corps of
sky-pilot recruiting officers to whom
they havo given the rank of majors, to
sweeten it again. The voice of the people on public mutters has been hushed
by censorship, und the intimidating
threats of 'the judiciary. The newspapers have refused publication to cor
respondence dealing with burning
questions of the hour. Nobody can get
a letter in the papors in Canada which
dares to talk conscription of the railways, mines, fuctories, shipping or land
grafts possessed by the Hudson's Bay
Company and railway corporations.
Got Wbat Was Coming to Them,
The Mr. Bennett wtio is coming hero
to tell workingmen that it is their duty
to contribute their hves to the cause of
empire is the same Mr. Bennett who
in Calgary told a deputation of returned
veterans who asked his aid to secure
for them a land grant in tho country
they had fought for, that he could not
see where it was coming to them. Ho
told them they knoa the rates of pay
and terms of enlistment when they volunteered, and the government had fulfilled its obligations when it paid them
what was agreed upon. Mr. Bennett is
chairman of the government's national
service commission. As it is generally
understood, the functions of this board
are' to find out how many workers there
are in the country whose labor could
be utilized to advantage in munition
manufacture. Now munition muking in
Canada is not carried on us it should
be by the government, but by private
capital, which has made, and is making,
enormous profits out of the necessities
of the nation. Rumor hus it that Mr.
Bennett himself is financially interest
ed in a munition factory ut Medicine
lint, and for all we know at other
points. Now, a munition factory to u
capitalist is something to make money
out of, but it is wonderful how these
gentry can pose as white-smiled patriots
whose munition plants are used only to
make munitions for the nation's war,
und under this guise they appoint themselves on government service commissions so that they can secure for themselves a supply of «heap labor to be
exploited for their profit in their private munition plants.
Her Sons Still Patriotic.
If it is true that the future wclfure
of Canada and thnt of her people hangs
on the successful waging of the wfor
in Europe, it is time thut the'progressive elements in this country swept
aside tho thraldom of the political nincompoops who compose her government,
together with the riffraff who have
reared tho war-graft enterprises and
have not hesitated to profit handsomely out of the war. The posts of honor
and distinction are all filled by members of Canada's snobbery, while tho
privation and agony fall in unstinted
measure on the common people. It is
time for an upheaval in public affairs
in Canada. Labor here, as in Englnnd,
should have a voice in government. The
workers nro willing to stand for even
conscription, provided that conscription
includes capitalist property as well as
workingmen's livos, and provided that
it is used for the common weal and
not for the advantage of profit mongers. In Bpite of the sickly performances
of tho Bennets and Kirbys, Canada is
not deficient in patriotic sons, who will
speak out the true note of duty when
there is a chnnce ot their voices being
honrd, but they are disposed to remain
in tho background as long as tho stage
is crowded with professional paytriotie
howlers. In the meantime the latter
gentry would do well ro stint up, for
their mouthings but add to the sum of
public discontent. But anyone who
knows Bennett knows that profits and
emoluments may come and countless
workers' lives may g*, but he will go on
forever—if let.
Election    Day   Has Been
Fixed For Thursday,
December 21
Keen,   But   Good-Natured
Competition for Office
Evidence of Virility
** ing of the Street Hailwaymen 's
union called for nominations for oflicers
for tho next term, the attendance was
somewhat slim. The following nominations took place, and election day was
lixed by Pres. Cottrell on Dec. 21:
President—J. Hubble, A, Bunting, R.
First vice-president—E. Cleveland, W.
Secretnry—A. Lofting, J. E. Griffin.
Business 'Agent—P. A. Hoover, W, H,
Treasurer—W. J. Harper.
First Conductor—F. Haigh, B. G.
Da vies, J. Anton.
First Warden—W. V. Jones.
Auditors—J. Byron, E. S. Cleveland,
A. Mclnnes.
Delegates to Trados and Lnbor Council—B. J. Hughes, J. Hubble, E. Ker-
mode, B. G. Dnvies, F. A. Hoover, J.
Brown, J. Anton, A. Mclnnes, F. Haigh,
W. H. Cottrell, K. Rigby.
Executivo Board—Day Men—E. S.
Cleveland, J. Brown, J, Haigh. Night
Men—J. Hendry, W. V. Jones.
Extra Men—J. Price, H. D. Ford, A.
H. Pepper, J. Henderson.
What About Those Gaps.
Although some of our uniform caps
did not display tho union label we understand that the caps are union-made.
This mutter has been taken up by Business Agent Hoover, and no doubt tho
annoyance will disappear as soon as the
wheels arc started moving.
Maybe More Social Evenings. •»
The social and dance, given by the
company, was voted a great success by
all who attended, and no doubt will help
along the idea that our organisation
give n series of entertainments this
winter. This matter is now in the hands
of a committee, and will assume some
definite form in the near future.
The "Jitney" Problem.
The jitney question is receiving considerable attention from our members,
on account of the attitude of some of
the aldermen. That there is rank discrimination iu favor of the jitneys is
apparent to everybody, and will result
in the members of Pioneer division using their voting power accordingly at
the next civic elections.
Wo understand thut some firemen arc
still riding in the jitneys, although'they
are organized und claim to be union
men. Now, for the benefit of the civic
firemen, we would liko to point out that
the only form of transportation that
if way.
should appeal to nny union man iB thc
stroot railway.
Cent-belt Paternalism.
The Canada Carriage company, Brock-
ville, Ont., has purchased throe carloads
of supds , and will sell them to their
employees at $1 per bushel.
Between Ourselves.
We know now the reason for , the
hand-shaking and congratulations
around the Koyul George cigar stand. It
seems that Bro. Joe Campbell became
the father of a line son lust Suuduy.
Congratulations, Joe.
Those ladies who intend giving cigars
as presents this Christmas are reminded
that union-made cigars are only put in
boxes with the Blue Label attached.
Bro. Grant had a somewhat humiliating experience ut Cedar Cottage. His
conductor, Bro. Craig, tells the story at
Winslow's pxpense.
While Bro. W. J. Mcintosh does not
care much for fishing in a rule, still he
reports pretty good results nt his last
Bro. John Doeherty fills in his spare
time sifting ashes.
The dignified manner in which Bro.
Symons conducts himself can only be
accounted for by the fact that he is an
ex-real estate merchant.
Bro. A. Mclnnes reported, as delegate
to the central labor body, that there
was a movement to increase our -per
capital from 10c to 15c per quarter.
This wbb not taken to very kindly, and
our delegates to the Trades and Labor
council wilt oppose the proposition.
It has been agreed that the "block
Htreet" shall be in effect on Christmas
day. J. E. G.
Vancouver Branch, No. 12, Elected Officers for Ensuing Year on
Monday Evening.
\t the regular meeting of the above
branch, held in room 307, Labor Temple, tho election of ollicers for the yonr
11117 resulted as follows:
President—Arthur R. Cook, 53; J. J.
Dodd, 9,   Cook elected.
Vice-president—J. J. Dodd, 22; J.
Griffiths, 22; O. W. Gibson, 18. Second
ballot—J. J. Dodd, 20; J. Griffiths, 31
Griffiths elocted.
Secrotary—Robert Wight, 30; Fred
Knowles, 20.   Wight elected.
Assistant Secrotary—First ballot:
Hugh Clark, 20; N. Barlow, 13; D. J.
McCarthy, II; Alf. Harris, 0. Second
ballot: Hugh Clark, 28; N. Barlow, 11;
D. J. McCarthy, 11.   Clark elocted.
Troasurcr—R. Kirkwood, 28; J. J.
Dodd, II; N. Barlow, 13. Kirkwood
Tyler—Ernest Rivett, 31; D. J. Mc-
Corthy, 19.   Rivett eleoted.
Auditors—Leonard L. Kemp and Wm.
A. Squires.   Elected by acclamation.
Trades and Labor council delegates,
1917—John Cass, 35; Robert Wight, 34;
Fred Knowles, 31; ,T. J. Dodd, 26; Dan.
J. McCarthy, 25; Norman Barlow, 25.
Tic voto resulting for fifth placo, Bro.
McCarthy, to save taking second ballot,
withdrew, all others boing elected as
Collectors for tho various offlcOB will
bo elected nt the neit rogulor meeting,
whon tho officors-olcct will bo installed
in office.
Mr. Crawford Will Fay Christmas Vial
to Old Homo in Ontario.
Mr. A. J. Crawford of the Shee
Metal Workers' union, one of the mos
Consistent quiet-working members o
organized labor in Vancouver's centre
labor body, has decided to take a eoupl
of months' holiday. He will this ovei
ing leave for his old homo at Jarvii
Ont. HiB aged father died three week
ago, but Mr. Crawford was unable t
get away. However, ho got to thinkin,
matters over, and decided that, afte
nino years' absence, this Christma
would be about the right time to visi
his mother. Bro. Crawford will havl
the best wishes of every unionist i:
Vancouver for a pleasant trip and a:
the happiness possible in renowing ol
acquaintances. And, by the way, Br<
Crawford is still a bachelor.
Havo you ovor tried n meal at th
Delraonico Cafe, just off Granville o
Robson streot. It's so different. Al
union, too! Somo chof. And speakln
of "sorvico"—that's the word. Dr*
in tonight for dinner, or any old timl
Always open. '  •*]
Completes your Christmas
dinner function.
It is tho final touch to "a
feast of reason and a flow of
Its mildly stimulating and
exhilarating effect brings out
the best there is in one, with
the result one's evening has
been exceedingly enjoyablc-
and the hostess is credited
with a social success.
Clever hostesses know thc
value of good coffee—a peep
into their pantry shelves almost invariably discloses
A pair of
for that boy or girl of yours
is a mighty sensible Christ-
mas Gift.
Get them at any shoe store
—but be sure and ask for a
"LECKIE," and look for tho
name on every pair.
Refined Service
Ont Blook west of Court Houso.
Vet  ot  Modern  Chapel  and
Funeral Parlors tne  to all
Telephone Seymour atat
To the Trade
Unionists of Canada
When you get tired hunting for
socialist news in capitalist papers,
subscribe for The Milwaukee
Leader, the big socialist daily.
Samples on request.   Milwaukee,
The Dally Milwaukee Loader and
Tho Fodoratlonidt, one year, 94.60.


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