BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Aug 11, 1916

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345142.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345142-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345142-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345142-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345142-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345142-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345142-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 31^
?1.60 PER YEAR
Seizes All the Ships in Local
Waters and Purchases
Heavily Abroad
Bold. Conscription Infamy
Comes to Life in a
New Disguise
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., July 5.—(Special
to The Federationist.)—\yithin ^he
short space of one week last June, tho
Australian Labor government commandeered all of the Bhipping in Australian
water and surrounding tho coaBt of tho
continent, and also purchased a fleet of
fifteen large steamers in England. That
such a line of uction had long been contemplated is well-known, but tho matter
wns hastened by tho intolerable conditions growing out of the war. The enormous advance in freight rntcs had turned so muc htonnage to thc more lucrative channels that the government was
unable to obtain bottoms for the carriage of coal for its railways, from ono
state to another, without tho payment
of oxorbitnnt rntetL Tho South Australian government found itself short of
coal to the extont of nearly 300,000 tons
and that of Victoria was in an even
worso fix.' The first order of tho government wus that thc commandeered ships
Bhould handle tho required coal without
losing any time about it,-and at rates
fixed by the government.
A Deadly Assault.
Of courso, a wail of distress went up
from the camp of the flhipping thieves
over this dastardly interference with
the "freedom of privato enterprise.'*
Shrieks of alarm emannted from the
lending plute newspnpers, and the complete collapse of the "internal fabric of
Australian commerce" waB freely predicted because of this state interference
with the wcll-Inid plunder plans of snored capital,. To make matters worse
along cume word that the government
had purchased fifteen large steamers in
England, nnd that those were to be utilized in the oversea trado in direct competition with the shipping brigands.
Such deadly assault upon the "rights of
private citizenship" wns intolerable, declared the kept press, but no one appears unduly alarmed outside of tho interests' thnt havo been directly hit. The
"Big Ship Deal," ob it is called, is a
record in ship buying, according to nil
accounts. Each of the vessols nre of
8000 tons capacity, and the cost of the
fifteen 'ship's wns just over ten million
dollars. Tho purchase wns mnde secretly, not even the British government
knowing anything nbout it until the
deal had been closed and the money
Navy of Peace.
While tho primary reason for this purchase wap to securo ships for the shifting of the wheat crop, a far-reaching
effect may be confidently looked for
upon all lines of shipping. It is expected that the government line will cheapen and stnbilize shipping rates, and
thus act ns a corrective of many of the
most glaring impositions practiced by
the shipping brigands in the past. There
is much rejoicing in the ranks of Labor
over this ship deal, ob auch a policy has
long been a part of the Labor platform.
It is looked upon as the foundation of
a true socialist navy of peace—which is
of more importance to the socialists of
Australia than a school of dreadnoughts.
The shipping brigands have been hav*
ing a merry game of lute. \The war has
proven a veritable holy of holies to
tbem. The, tremendous call upon shipping for the transportation of troops
and wnr materials has left suoh a shortage of bottoms for commercial purposes
that thero has been no limit to the rates
these rascals might demand. Alongside
of the work of these* marauders upon
the high seas, the exploits pf the renowned Captnin Kidd sink into insignificance. The Australian government
venture promises to puncture the bubble
of these pirates.
Eliminating Waste.
In the operation of its-shipping, tho'
Australian government purposes to eliminate waste, as far as possible. At present ships from overseas call at all ports
of note round the coast of Australia.
This, of course, entails much loss of time
and money. It could not well be avoided while shipping UneB were in fierce
competition amongst* themselves for the
business. Instead of a dozen ships covering the same route and calling at
every port with half cargoes all the
'way, the government ships will load for
one port only and different ships will
cnll at different ports. Ships coming
from England will not go the entire
round of the Australian coast aB at present, but one will go to West Australia,
unload and, return, while another will
come to South Australia, unload there
and return to England. It is calculated
that about 14 days may thus bo saved
upon ench round trip, which would mean
a saving of over $30,000 per trip on a
5000-ton vessel. It is expected that further large savings can be effected by
having the loading and unloading done
by continuous labor,, in shifts of 6%
hours. That the mails will bo carried
by the government ships goes without
i saying. This will turn into government
channels a very largo revenue that now
accrues to the shipping brigands.
Again Bears It's Head,
The fight for the Prussianization of
Australia has taken on a new lease of
life. Its advocates, realizing that their
struggle for straight-cut conscription is
doomed to defeat,' have changed their
demands to the calling up of all men of
military age in Australia for home de-
"fenBe. The military age is to be considered as from 18 to 45.. The idea evidently iB that the men can be drilled the
same as under conscription, nnd nt tho
s^me timo they will be marshalled for
tiie insidious attacks of tho recruiting
sergeants. Thus under cover of something entirely different, the men could
An active member of Vancouvor Typrographical union, who lias beon nominated In the
South Vancouvor-Burnaby riding bb the Labor -candidate, with splendifl chances o^
election. Mr. Wilton has long been associated with the Labor movement—In a sense
being born to the cause, A native of New Zealand, whero his father was associated
with the founding of tho Eight-hour day. and it was in New Zealand that the eight-
hour day was Initiated. Mr. Wilton spout several years In Australia, being connected
with newspapor work, where ho established the Adelaide Critic in South Australia and
nloim with Q. M. Primdogast, for many years ono of the Labor members in the State
of Victoria parliament, ho established the Boomerang, a Labor paper. Later he spent
somo time In tho Transvaal, and from thore visited .Europe and then to Canada and
tho United States. Mr. Wilton has boon a resident of Vancouver since 1900, and alwaya associated with matters affecting tho Labor cause he has shown a consistent activity. During the Asiatic agitation iu this city some years ago, he was elected president of tho Asiatic Exclusion League, defeating ex-Mayor Taylor. Later, when tho
league ran Joe Martin for tho Dominion House Mr. Wilton was the central chairman
of tho campaign committee. When the. B. C. Lnbor commission sat in Vancouver, Mr.
Wilton, roproKonting the Typographical union, went before that body and among the
things he advocated was the compulsory half-holiday for shop assistants. This started
the ball rolling—the shops' employees followed up the matter, and the commissioners'
roport being favorable, the government has given this boon to the shop employees.
His advocacy of changes in the Factories' Act were also carried Into effect. But
other matters, such as the minimum wage, a general eight hour day, etc., which he
brought bofore the commission, were reported upon by that body unfavorably, and tho
work Is yet to bo dono. Mr. Wilton brought before the Minister of Education the advisability of having practically all school text books printed in the province, thereby
. retaining $60,000 to $70,000 annually to the workers of British Columbia. This question is still to be dealt with. Mr. Wilton has ever been earnest in the Interest of
the trade union moTninent, doing nil in his power as occasion- presented Itself. "
President Manufacturers' Association Greatly Disturbed
Over the Possibility of Employers Being Forced
to Use Oriental Labor As Last Resort
MR, J. A; CUNNINGHAM, president of the British Columbia Man-
ufacturers* Association, is upon the verge of conniption fits over
the alarming condition of the labor market in this province, according to the Daily World. His ailment has been brought to an acute
stage because of .the movement calculated to induce workers to escape
thc soft snap of employment in British Columbia, by plunging into
the terrors of the grain harvest of the prairie provinces. If Mr. Cunningham is to be believed; the opportunities of labor in British Columbia at present are little less than ideal. He says that "every man in
British Columbia today who is out of work and honestly wants it, can
easily find a job. There is plenty of opening for both skilled and unskilled labor.'' According to his tale of woe, there is a crying demand
for "lumbermen, miners, farmers, factory workers," etc. As an evidence of thc idealistic conditions, from a workingman's standpoint,
it is pointed out that "wages have risen 25 per cent, in some industries in the last year." That Mr. Cunningham is seriously alarmed
may be seen from the following wail that he passed up to the World:
"We have to have men, and I'm afraid that if we can't get our
own men, some entrepreneurs will be induced to use Oriental
labor as a last resort. There is an embargo against American
labor. In fact many men have gone from here to the States to
find work, because of the fabulous wages offered them. British
Columbia needs all the men she has and more. It would be folly
to induce any to go away, and if many went the problem would
be serious."
—: + Lest the Herd Stampede,
The deep nnd abiding interest in British Columbin that animates this preci-
be practically forced to enlist by subjecting them to undue influence in tho
way of public intimidation. In short it
is a cowardly attempt to foist an insidious form of conscription upon the Australian people. Meanwhile tho workers
nro leaving nothing to chance. Thoy
are demanding through their unions and
Labor leagues, that nil labor politicians
shall sign a pledge renouncing conscription or forfeit their jobs as politicians
at next elections. Unless thoso politicians bow to the will of their masters
—the workers—aome of them ot least
are liable to be out' of a job when tho
votes are counted.
Aa a Wheat Dealer.
Seeing that its control has been so
successful this year the Australian government has announced that it will continue its control of the wheat crop during the next year, and sell it as at present for the farmers. To that end a regulation hns been issued prohibiting any
private buyers dealing in wheat, other
than through the Government Wheat
Pool. It nlso prevents tho railways
from carrying wheat for any private
•buyer, other than that handled by the
government pool. Truly the grain gamblers in Australia are getting tho axe
just where the chicken gets it around
Christmas time.
. Tightening the Grip.
Tho Australian governmont has issued
a regulation providing that on and aftor
September 1, 11)10, no person over tho
nge of 15 will bo nllowed to leave Australia without a passport, and thnt nfter
August 1 noxt no person who is over
the ago of 15 will be allowed to land in
Australia from nny other country without a passport from the country from
which ho camo,
out) Manufacturers' association iifwell-
known to be measured solely by the
amount of shekels its worthy members
can extract from the sweat of such
wngo animals as may be herded within
its borders. Nothing could be better
calculnted to awaken the alarm of tho
employers of labor than such eircum
stances ns might cause a stampede of
the herd to other pastures. The herd
has been largely depleted in consequence of enlistments for tho war,
"Fabulous wages" elsewhere have enticed others away. In consequence of
this, "wages havo risen 25 per cent, in
somo industries," and now comes the
serious threat that still more are linblo
to bolt the corral of the B. C. Manufacturers' Association, to roam the agricultural paBtures of the middle provinces,
No wonder a squawk of nlarm is raised
by employers who thus see their herd
being lured away to be milked by
The Wage-Earner in B. O,
The plain fact of the matter is that
conditions for labor aro for from good
in British Columbia, in spite of the
fables of Mr. Cunningham and others to
the contrary. Wnges hnve gone up to
some extent in certnin lines, it is true.
In many lines such hns not been the
case. And in no case have wages in
creased to keep pace with the increase
of prices generally. Tho wnge earner
in B. C. is no better off now than he
wns prior to thc outbrenk of tbo wnr,
in spite of the fact thnt somo thousands
of workers havo been drnwn from tho
provinco for military purposes. The rcn-
son for thc nlarm of tho manufacturers
Continued on Page 4.)
Another Holocaust Added to
List of Crow's Nest
Twelve Miners Lose Lives in
1 Gas or Coal Dust
ANOTHER COAL mine terror has
been added to the already long list
to the credit of this province. This time
it is at Michel, up in the Crow's Nest
district, a region in which these terrible
happenings are of frequent occurrence.
The story is but jl repetition of those
that have been previously written of
this notorious locality. A terrific explosion'of gas or/ coal dust occurred in the
mine just before midnight on August 8.
Twelve miners were killed. The explosion is said to have been tho most terrific ever experienced in that district.
From the telegraphic reports it appears that the eoal company has already
taken the preliminary Bteps to fasten
the responsibility for the explosion upon
the ruler of the universe. These reports
record that, "the indirect cause of the
explosion is Baid to be due to lightning
striking signal wires, which enter the
mine, amj come in contact with inflammable gas." Whether the leaving .of
electric wires expofeed to "contact with
inflammable gas'j can be explained
away as an "act bf God,"' remains, to
bc aeen. , -
It will not havebeen forgotten what
superhuman efforts the coal company
expended at the time of the laat great
disaster at the Coal Creek mines in the
same district, in 6rder to make it appear as "an net of God,'' and thus enable tho compnnjLto escape payment of
indemnity for the lives lost therein.
The lightning story might be considered
aa a straw indicating the direction of
the wind.
This Michel horror again emphasizes
the terirble risks assumed by labor in
tho operation of modern industry. The
toll in human life is positively staggering. And at the same time the "risks
of capital" should not be overlooked.
Tho explosion resulted in blocking the
mine entry nnd galleries, thus putting
the mine out of commission for the time
boing and entailing considerable expense to open it up.
It is a^leaBure^howevej-to note that
the risk of capital was not sufficiently
great to usher any of tho owners of the
Michel mine into Eternity. So far as
known thoy are "still all alive and ablo
to Bit up and take a little of such nourishment as may come their way in the
shnpe of profit.
THE DEVOTEES of the gentle art of converting sinners from the
error of their ways and leading them unto the pathways of righteousness and seemly living, is always with us. That wc are mostly
sinners in dire need of salvation, is beyond reasonable dispute. To
those earnest souls whose tender solicitude for the immortal welfare
of those of us who wander in the wilderness of sin, and whose ministrations in our behalf are unselfishly expressed by means of moral
suasion and thc preceptive doctrines of religious faith, we feel that
we owe a debt .of gratitude, for their unsolicited efforts in our behalf;
a debt the magnitude of which, we may never fully realize unless we
should, perchance, experience most scorching discomforts as a consequence of not accepting \heir moral guidance afid following in their
spiritual footsteps. But there is a type of savior to'whom we most
strenuously object. He who sets himself up as a censor of the conduct
of others, and assumes the impertinence of demanding that those
whom he deems to be sinful shall be purged of their sin by legal en-,
actment, is a specimen not altogether entitled to the admiration of |
those who prefer to be guided by reason rather than driven with a
club; Somo there are, and they are by no means few, who entertain
serious doubts about the possibility of,making people good, by means
of law. Even the most most cursory examination into the history of
man's efforts along this line in the past, affords ample foundation
upon which to base such doubts. Still, there are pious souls<who will
persist in such efforts. *
Employing Class Fear loss of
Political Power at
Olose of War
less than men; women do
now work for less tban
men, and women will continue to
work for less than men wage-workers. For this and for no other reason they are to be given tbe vote
some of these days. Thus the women* will be better able to assist
tbe employers, through governmental action, to perpetuate such conditions. Tne pay-triotic employers
have had a taste of cheap labor,
and will be loathe to part with their
feminine employees at the close of
the war. When the "heroes" return to civilian life, they will be all
but broke, as has always been the
case, They will have to seek Jobs.
The women will insist on staying
where they are in the industrial
field. The jobless men will start a
ruction. Thegovernmentwillbeable,
with the vote of the women, to
maintain their political power.
Hence the "Heroes" will have to
live on the memories of the battlefield, or accept employment at such
work and wages as the employers
see fit to give. The work of the
trades union for tub past fifty years
will have to done all over again.
Crows Nest Valley Miners Succeed in
Having Armistice Declared.
Aftor lengthy negotiations, through
tho intermediary action of Messrs Me*
Nivon and Harrison, Dominion govern*
ment fnir wago otlicors, an agreement
was reached between 'tho Western Coal
Operators' association and tho district
executivo of tho United Mine Workers,
at Calgary, on Saturday last. Tho agreement concedes an 8 per cont. advance
in wages as existing under tho present
scale. This agreement will bo submitted
to a referendum of tho miners ond, if
adopted, will end tho danger of a strike
BUNbAY, Aug. 13—Stngo Employees, Musicians.
MONDAY, Aug. 14—Amalgamated Engineers, -Patternmakers,
Electrical Workers No,- 213,
Bro. Loco Engineers,
TUESDAY, Aug. 15—Bookbinders, Railway Firemen.
THURSDAY, Aug. 17—Letter
Carriers' Convention; Main, of
Wnymon, Trades and Labor
FRIDAY, Aug. 18—Letter Carriers' Convontion, Molders,
Railway Carmen, Granite Cutters, Amal. Carpenters.
SATURDAY, Aug. 19—Letter
Carriers/ Convention, '
All Sumptuary Laws But the Efforts of Independent Bigotry to Force Its Authority Ever More Completely
Over Man's Personal and Private Affairs
Sumptuary Laws Repugnant. '
And, by the way, this calls to mind
that somewhat pdpular fad of prohibition that is now having a sort of a
world-wide run. This prohibition movement-has had its ups and down for the
last half century, but in its present uprise it is assuming an importance and
reaching proportions never previously
attained. While there appears to be no
overwhelming interest manifested in
this movement, on thc part of tho working class, it would be well for every
working man to discover just' what lies
behind it all and what effect, either one
way or another, its,triumph or defeat
will have upon him nnd his class. In
the first place, there is something about
all sumptuary laws that is repugnant to
every person who possesses any of the
instincts of freedom Thero is something repulsive iu the very fact of being
dictated to by law, as to what one^hall,
or shall not eat, drink or wear. He
who is possessed of even the remnants
of self-respect would quite properly
feel justified in assuming thnt his own
judgment would be a safer guide as to
what was good for him in this respect,
than even tho wisdom of legislators,
more especially when those legislators
were merely acting in obedience to the
wishes of self-appointed custodians of
the moral and spiritual welfare of
others. That the "holier than thou
folk of this'provinco nre busily engaged
in boosting prohibition is patent to
every one, but that there .are gross material interests skulking behind thia
pious crowd nnd using it as a cloak for
their own sordid ends, is not so easily
discovered by those who look only upon
the surface of events. A glnnce nnder-
nenth and they will be found.
How Law Exorcises Evil.
Tn the first place prohibition does not
prohibit. It nover did and it nover can
so long as there is a profit to be made
out of the production and Bnle of liquor.
Attempts innumerable have been made'
to end the traffic, not only in liquor, but
in mnny other lines, nnd nil have failed,
for the renson already stated. Tho.efforts that havo been made to stnmp out
what is termed the social evil, by means
of law, and the absolute failure of all
such, is an instance in point. This evij
is more completely nnd triumphantly in
evidence now than ever before in nil the
history of thnt particular product of
civilization. And yet tho statute books
of nil countries are plastered with laws
calculated to wipo it out. It is not n
mntter of record that the traffic in liquor has yet been killed in nny country
nu earth, by menns of the club of the
Inw. The one thing that hns been dono
upon every occasion where the attempt
has been made, is to create a horde of
criminals by means of which nn illicit
trnflic has been carried on nnd the profit gathered therefrom. Instead of thc
moral status of the community being
raised, it has almost invariably been
lowered. That there is evil connected
with the liquor trnflic probnbly not even
the liquor dealers themselves would attempt to "deny. But thnt Rnme evil is
inherent in all traffic, and thnt evil can
bo summed up in the one word, profit.
And that evil will remain and express
itself in spite of nil legal;enactmentB, so
long ns the production of things for tho
purpose of profit continues.
Opening New Employments.
Now a few facts bearing upon tho effect of prohibition upon the workers.
Temperance in all things is to bo recommended to everybody. Even tho use of
food may bc abused and ill-effects follow. But why moralize? It should be
n part of the educational curriculum to
carefully instruct all alike as to the proper and healthful use of all things, Tho
first effect of prohibition legislation
upon the workers, then will be to compel a considerable number of them to
seek employment in othor lines of human effort, whero they will moro than
likely flnd the rnnks already overcrowded. Of course, somo of them who formerly obtained a living as bartenders,
or other employees of the liquor interests, may turn criminals and flnd employment in the "boot leg" nnd "bli#d
pig" industries. It iB folly to nssert
that thcrfo workers who hnve been
thrown out into the labor market can
find employment in other lines, for the
vory simple reason that nil other lines
are fully manned nlrendy, and there is
still a surplus of labor in the market.
The actual effect of prohibition, if it
wero renl nnd complete, would bo to increase the surplus labor in the market
and, therefore^ tend to depress tho prico,
that is force wages down.
Suggestion About Wages.
Lot no working mnn forgot that
wages arc primarily measured or determined by the actual cost of tho things
necessary to the sustenance of the worker, so that ho may continue the process.
Tf, perchance, it has become the custom
to include in the daily nr weekly living
budget a modicum of liquor, tlie wage
in that pnrficular region must bo sufficient to cover that expense. Tf this
particular custom can be abolished, then
it becomes no longer necessary that such
General Revival in Trades Union
World Which Augurs Well
*       Por the Future
Vancouver Building TradeB council ^ the proud possesor tbis week
of a regular business agent, in the
person of that old-time veteran of
the local labor movement, W J,
Nagle, a member of the Painters'
union. Business Agent Nagle'hns had
sufficient experience and too well-
known to need any introduction
by l!fce Fedorutionist. The Labor
Temple has already taken on a little
hue of old times as the result of
"Bills'" activities. A few jobs
havo beeu lined up during the past
few days, w>Hi prospects of squaring other work at no distant date.
Tire new Pant ages theatre, it is expected, will be an all-union job.
There is some encouragement in
the fact thut the' building tradesmen are again -.pulling themselves
together, and it is clearly up to the
central labor body to lend whatever
aid it can.
With the number of available
men reduced to somewhere near
the number of jobs in B. C. the industrial outlook is somowhut
brighter, than for three years past,
and no union man loft iu the province should hesitate to make the
best use of this opportunity to regain some of the lost ground. Thero
Js no particular reason on earth
why tho employers should get away
with all the benefits in connection
with the mining, lumbering, fiBhing
and other industries so prolific in
B. C. Labor should proceed to help
Language is just as effective as silence for the purpose of concenling our
thoughts. £
liquor cost should be provided for in thc
wage paid to the worker. His wago will
como down accordingly, becnuso the actual exchange value of his labor power
has fallen to that extent. Whatever the
workers have been accustomed to as actual and legitimate requirements and
the expense of which has been covered
by their wages, and they are induced to
surrender, they cannot so surrender
without inviting a corresponding reduction in their wages. Let them not forget that. And. there is another reason
why their employers will be prompted
in sheer self defence to cut their wnges
to the extent of what they hove previously been spending for liquor, nt least.
In somo respects a strictly tempera to
and sober worker is a valuable piece of
furniture to hnve around. But a sober
one is fur more npt to be a thinking one
and such men are dangerous. He who
formorly spent somo of his wages for
booze, might, in ense of tho victory of
prohibition, turn whnt he previously expended for liquor, to the purchaBo of
socialist literature for instance, nnd the
employers interests would then be
threatened by a fnr greater danger than
ever lurked behind a liquor-befuddled
brain. Let tho prohibition employer
ponder thut fact carefully and well. It
may do him good, and everybody knows
thnt ho will do bis employee good and
plenty whenever ho gets a chance.
Evil and Its Moral Code.
The liquor traffic is just as clean and
moral as any other traffic. It ia based
upon thc same thing, nnd it takes no nd-
vnntnge of human wonkness that' nil
other lines of traffic Ao not seize upon
with eqund avidity. The motive behind
them all ib profit. Tho moat nnd tho
least that can be, in oommon Recency,
done with the liquor traffic is to insist
thnt it shall conform ub closely as possible with the moral and ethical codo
that is generally applicable tn all linos
of business, nnd anybody at nil familiar
with that code will ngree that it is sufficiently lax to allow a reasonably wide
and profitable scope for activity. Then
come to think of it tho proposed B. C.
prohibition net is not even nn attempt
nt prohibition, nor is it n sensible nt-
tempt nt anything liko a regulation of
the trnflic. If the prohibitionists aro
sincere in their desire to as far ns possible remove tbe evils thnt they allege
spring fom the liquor trnffic, The Feder-
ntionist begs to suggest that they bond
tlieir efforts towards getting the province of British Columbia to take over
Ihe exclusive manufacture nnd snlo of all
liquors within its territory, such liquors
fo bo mado pure and unadulterated and
placed at the disposal of tho purchasers
at tho absolute cost'of production. Let
them think it over.
Vancouver Will Give Hearty
Welcome to Delegates
Business Agenda and Reception Promises a Busy
Week Ahead
THE FEDERATED Association of
Letter Carriers' sixteenth biennial
convention will convene in the' Labor
Temple/ext Thursday-morning. Local
officials have been as busy as beavers
for the past few weeks making preparations for the event and every detail ia
now in readiness. As will be noted by
the list of delegates enumerated below,,
the entire Dominion will be fairly well
represented. Thirty-two out of a total
of forty-six branches will have one or
more delegates present, The Hotel Barron, corner of Granville and Nelson
streets, haB been designated as official
headquarters. Delegates will commence
arriving here on Tuesday next.
/     Tbe Programme.
The programme gives promise of an
active week for the convention attendants.
Thursday, August 17.
9 n.m.—Opening addresses by Mayor
McBeath, H. H. Stevens, M. P., Jaa. H.
McVety, president Trades and Labor
Council, It. G. McPherson, postmaster.
Business: Beneficiary.
S p.m.—Concert and dance; association members and lady friends; large
hall, Labor Temple; refreshments served; music by post office orchestra.
Friday, August 18.
0 a.m. to 1 p.m.—General business.
1.10 p.m.—Delegates officially photographed.
2.30 p.m.—Delegates visit Hotol Van*
3 p.m.—Delegates leave court house
for auto trip round Stanley Park, Marine drive and Shaughnessy Heights.
7.30 p.m.—Night session; general business.
Saturday, August 10.
0 a.m. to 1 p.m.—Final session.
2 p.m.—Boat trip to Indian Biver.
Boat leaves Gore avenue wharf at 2
5 p. m.—Banquet at Wigwam Inn;
delegates and all local members of the
association invited to attend.
. 11 p. m,—Delegates leave night boat
for Victoria, B. C, returning to Vancouver by 3 p.m. boat Sunday.
Convention Committeemen.
The local Lotter Carriers in charge of
the convention entertainment and reception arc: Fred. Knowles, chuirman;
L. L. Kemp, secrotary, and Mossrs. H.
Dean, E. D. Manders, E. Kivott, W. V.
Derrick, J. McL. Keist, J. J. Dodd, W.
Egan, A. R. Cook, J. Griffiths, T. P.
Cullen, A. L, Sparrow and A. McDou-
The local officers of Branch No. 12
are: President, L. C. Carl; vice-president, J. Cobs; secretary, R. Wight; assistant secretary, W. A. Squires; treaaurer, R. Kirkwood; sergeant-at-arms, M.
W. Buck.
The Delegates.
Thc following is a list of tho delegates, so far as advised, who will attend thc sixteenth biennial convention
of thc Federated Association of Letter
Carriers, which convenes in the Labor
Teirtplc on Thursday, August 17th, at 9
a.m., for three days' sessions:
Presidont—William H. Hoop, Winnipeg, Man*
Vice-president—Ern, Sergerie, Montreal, Que.
Secretary-treasurer—Alex, McMordie,
Toronto, Ont. {
Toronto, Ont.—Jas. R. Cuthbertson,
Robt. H. Cox, Frank Secor, John. B.
Loan, Wm. G. Ovcll, Robt. 8. W. Dry-
den, and Frank C. Mitchell.
Ottawa, Ont.—Georgo A. Dixon,
Hamilton, Ont.—Wm. A. Macdonald
and James A. Cox.
London, Ont.—Fred Rumball.
Quebec, Que,—Probably one delegate.
St. John, N. B.—G. C. Cosman.
Winnipeg, Man.—A. R. McGregor,
Jos. G. Pearce and John A, Elrick.
Kingston, Ont.—George F, Little.
HnMfnx, K. S.—Jos. P. Dny.
Montreal, Que. —Albert Lopointe,
Loundro Purest, Omer Mantel, Francis
M. Henley, J. II. H, Lapointe and Victor Benupre.
Victoria, B. C—Christian Sivertz and
Arthur J. Bird.
Vancouver, B. C—Robert Wight,
Robert Kirkwood and Louis Cartel Carl,
Brantford, Ont.—William Lako.
Calgary, Alta.—Fred G. Bushell ond
Alex. Reid.
Edmonton, Alta.—Alex. D. Campbell
and Albert M. Forrest.
Sf. Catharines, Ont.—Allen A. Ball.
Guelph, Ont.—Robert Mnsson,
Berlin, Ont., (Kitchener)—W. R. Wit-
Fort William, Ont.—Francis Charles
Port Arthur, Ont.—Archie Logan.
Chatham', Oat.—William Gornaey.
Regina, Sask.—Wm. K. Buckle.
Snrnin, Ont.—Probably one delegate,
New Westminster, B. C.—Harold
Moose Jaw, Sask.—Dnve Cameron,
Saskatoon. Sask.—A. Charles Wroofc.
Niagara Falls, Ont,—Probably ono
Lethbridge, Alta.—Thomas H. Booth.
Medicine Hot, Alta.—Percy C. Currio.
Fredcrickton, N. B.—B. D. Cnss.
Windsor, Ont.—Romeo L. Sylvester.
Business Meeting Friday.
At the regular meeting lost Friday
evening, the secretnry was instructed to
forward the following resolution to Pre-
~iier Bowser:
"The members ef Branch No, 12,
Federated Association of Lettor Carriers,'in rugular mooting assembled on
the'4th inst., hns instructed mo to notify
you that 'wo recommend James H. McVoty, Esq., as a fit and proper person
to represent the interests of tho workmen coming within tho scope of tho
(Continued on page 4) PAGE TWO
FBIDAT  ....AUG. 11, 1916
96 BrmchM Is C*n«d»
A general basking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
Ai.ets ..
Dnpoait, .
.... 186,000,000
Household Banking
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. Tbe accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may depOBit
or withdraw money. Interest is
paid on these account's twice a
year. \
Paid ap opl'tl     5,000,000
Re.ern tend    MSK.SSJ
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Throe Stores
Unaqu-tUed Vaudeville Means
2:45, 7:20,1:16    Season's Prices:
Matinee,  16c;  Evenings,  16c,  tie.
Some of Our Best Customer*
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver. In some
cases, where a customer
we ore willing to talk it over.
Come in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture in
British Columbia.
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
233T MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
Published every Friday morning nj tha B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymonr 7495
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; In Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
Now Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert W, E. Denning, Box 631
Victoria A.  S. Wella, Box  1538
'Unity of Labor: tbe Hope of the World'
....AUG. 11, 1910
3elto Tfeonoobaooo.
Splendid opportunities In Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. Britiah Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three years; improve*
ments to the extent of $5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least five aeres.
For further information apply to
ANEW STAR has appeared upon the
horizon of Vancouver to add its
lustre to that of the particular
■oUtiial constellation heretofore knowti
s the Conservative "solid live,"   The
name of this political luminary is Walter Lock,   Mr. Leek
^^^_^^^_„     scintillated   numerous streaks of effulgence   nt   "an   enthusiastic   rally   of
Ymmg Conservatives and Conservative
women" of both sexes, recently in this
city.    A local paper, of Conservative
biits, referred to Mr. Leek's Scintilla*
tioTiH, us "effective replies to liberal
pessimism."    A  pessimism born of a
long series of lean nnd famine-stricken
years, the dull poverty of which   has
been unbroken by anything more soothing, succulent and sustaining than merely "chewing the rag," is a pessimism
that culls for no other reply than that
of profound and silent sympathy.   It
seems  that  Mr.  Leek quite properly
pointed out to his audience the many
benefits the Conservative party had bestowed upon the people of the province
during the recent session, among which
aro tho Agricultural Credits Act, Soldiers' Vote Act   and   numerous other
meusures of, no doubt, equal merit.   It
quite as it should 'be for our good
Conservative brethren to frequently and
persistently emphusize tho importance
of  the  remarkable  benefits  showered
upon the province through their unselfish efforts, for otherwise we might fail
to realize the renl magnitude of their
worth.    Some might even go to their
graves without any due appreciation of
Conservative .erudition and sagacity.
> *       *       *
\Vhon it came to dealing with the
boral accusation that the resources of
the province had been wantonly dissi-
puted by tbe Conservatives, and that
British Columbia was financially embarrassed, Mr. Leek rose grandly to the occasion.   He told of what he had seen
while upon a trip to the north.  He mentioned Anyox, and in so doing showed
conclusively that tho Conservatives hnd
not yet dissipated nil of the resources
of the provinco, but still had something
to trade upon.   At Anyox he found a
community where the common laborer
was paid $4 per day, and more men
wero wanted. Thc profit made at Anyox
"was said to be about half n million a
month."    " Engineering parties,''   ho
snid, "wero travelling all over the province investigating and preparing for
the development of claims, and there
would bc numbers and numbers of An-
yoxes in British Columbia."   The Federationist   has   also   heard   of   Anyox,
through other sources than Mr. Leek,
In fact, considerable interesting information leaked into this office during tho
past week throwing a somewhat lurid
light upon this delightful spot that has
so glorified the vision of the observing
Mr. Leek. 0
* * *
Anyox bolongs to thc Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting und Power Co.
Everything within, above, below and
circumjacent thereto is the property of
the aforesaid benevolent and eleemosynary institution. It is just a modern
sluvo pon of up-to-date pattern. Not a
soul can step his foot within its snered
precincts, not oven a recruiting sergeant, without tho compnny'a permission. Not a living soul within its gates
run lift a voice against whatever treatment may be vouchsafed thorein, without boing doomed to "hit tho pike"
forthwith and hence. Of a committeo
of fivo which recently waited upon the
company officials on behalf of an ini-
promptu muss meeting of employees, to
usk for somo advance in' wages, four
liuve already been compelled to fade
iiwny, nnd the other expects to get his
nt any moment. About 75 men enmo
dbwq from this delectable slave pen a
fow days sinco. About one-half of them
tnul been cunncd for hnviug dared to
advocate the election of Geo. Casey, tho
independent candidate, at tho forthcoming provincial election. Tlio balance
wore only too glad to got nwny while
the getting was good. Thoro is a continual procession both going to and coming from this enchanting spot. Those
going are led hence by thnt enchanting
rainbow of promise that is held out to
thom in the shnpo of fabulous wnges.
Once there, tho chief ambition o£ their
lives soon becomes thnt of making their
escape from the infernal hole before
their hides are hung upon eternity's
* * *
The worthy specimen of tho genus
homo who is charged with the special
mission of doing the company's extremely! dirty work, is a German by the
inline of Hugeman. He bears tho tillo
of General Foreman, und is eminently
ijunlilled for his dirty job. It is related
thnt n certain member of tho tribe of
wage slaves, huving incurred its displeasure in some manner, wns discharged from thc company's custody by this
follow, Hageman. Thc discharged culprit roguishly went to work for a contract minor on thc compnny's diggings.
This wus discoveied sixteon days later
by the faithful senvenger, Hugeman,
nnd tho contractor was forced to (Ire
the rogue, to the end that the Granby's  the touch of the magician's hand.   As j we thrive,'' may now be changed for
Anyox slave pen might be purged of his  the process goes on, the exchange value j the workers into, by industry we get
dangerous presence.   The Conservative  embodied in the factory with its ma-1 killed.
candidate for the district of Atlin, in  ehynery und raw materials—that is the
which Anyox is located, is one W. X.  cost of these things—passes over into
Macdonald.   This gent is an employee j the cloth that is turned out.   Each yard
at Anyox, and therefore belongs to the i of product carries away its proper per-
Granby company, along with its other centago of that cost.   When the plant
hereditaments and appurtenances.   Any ■ and all of the'other materials have been
working plug victim of such outrageous  worn out of consumed, all of tlieir cost,
fortune  ns  to   bo  doomed  to serve  a  but no more, will have been transferred
sentence nt Anyox lasting until after   to the cloth turned out.    These things,
election day, should be able to glean  theso commodities, have no powor to
much safe political wisdom from u care-1 produce additional values.   Now, let us
see how il is with the commodity of the
working man, his labor power, which tho
capitalist has also purchased, and which
has likewise beon consumed iu tlio production  of  cloth.    Its  cost  litis  also
passed  over into  the cloth,  and   has
added by thut much, to the cost of its
production.   But strange to relate, the
cloth sells in the market for more than
the actual cost of the labor power, plus
ful notation of the aforementioned cir
So much for Anyox and the glorious
vision of Mr, Look, which prophetically
plasters tlie British Columbia landscape
pf the future with "numbers and numbers of Anyoxes." A glorious vista is,
indeed, thus spread before the delighted
vision of the profit-mongering world, of
which tho Granby lnlwr-skhming bunch | ,|u, (l|lst of ,,,,, y^ nml „„ ,lf Hlc
is n^nasy and delectable mmplo. To tbo 1^ ^^ ^ ^ ||lb„r powe,.
eyes of tho workers, however, this glori-| o( jho work(,r a(i3 mi „„,.;,„„„
ous vision resolves itself into a series
of slave pens wherein the bodies and
souls of men are to be mercilessly
ground into profit to tickle the financial
palate of the meanest', tho most contemptible and vulgar ruling class that
ever plied the .lush of exploitation upon
the backs of equally mediocre and vulgar slaves, ndown the puthwuy of time.
The vory best thut enn be sjiid for these
modern masters is that their slaves are
no less mean and vulgar than themselves. Considered thusly, perchance
the vision of Mr, Leek will prove- n
glorious one, both to masters hungry for
profits and slaves hungry for jobs. Who
can tell?
PROBABLY THE most diffident and
unassuming creature in .all the category of living things, is that animal
commonly drubbed a working man.   The
cry highest expression of this type of
dub is he who works
A GLANCE for wages.   In fact
AT THE he is so unmistaka
REAL THING. bly a dub that certain facetious ob
servers of his characteristics and habits
have, not inappropriately, nicknamed
'Henry Dubb." His modesty is
proverbial. He always insists upon occupying a back seat. Ho is quito contented to wear the cheapest clothing
and eat at the meanest restaurants. A
punk stinkadoro, a mug of beer and a
stick of chewing gum covers about the
entire gamut of his debaucheries. An
outfit of overalls constitutes' his business suit, und rarely indeed does he
complain because of luck of style in the
makeup. When he goes out in senrch
of a job, he wears about the sumo ferocious appearance as did thc dog who solicited the privilege of licking the sores
of Lazarus. With cap in hand he approaches tho august and ferocious presence of tho job custodian, und attunes
his modest request in a voice too soft
nnd low to do justice to a rendition, let
js sny, of the German "Hymn of
Hote."v To do him justice, let it be
said that he is the living exposition of
tho very last word in modesty and Belf-
effucemont. And yet ho is n veritable
giant in intellect nnd a magician at accomplishment. But he doesn't know it,
not he. Within his caput lies all of the
knowledge that is of any vnluo to humankind. He is often termed nutty and
maybe he is, but the fact remains that
inside of his cranium—vulgarly called
nut—is stored up tho know-how to produce all of the wealth that makes tho
continuation of human society possiblo.
And at this production of wealth he is
a magician, indeed. He can nnd does
pull off creative stunts thut make the
creation of tho earth look like the work
of an amateur, in comparison, that is if
the relative reputation and power of
the Deity and himself is taken into consideration.
* * ♦
Tho employer of labor acquires, lot us
say, a factory. It is best not to enquiro
too closely info how this acquisition is
made, for it might lend to an extended
discussion as to tho moral and ethical
excellence of the methods used, or resorted to. But the employer (capitalist)
has the factory, fully equipped for business. The buildings, machinery and all
the materials neceBsnry for the production of cloth, for instnnce, are thero.
Theso things have ull been produced by
thi man labor, previously, nnd have been
gathered together for the purpose men
tinned. The vurious things have boon
bought iu the market in tho regular
wuy, by the capitalist. But strange to
say, not a wheel revolves, not a yard of
cloth comes forth. Something is lacking. Something requisite to the success of the undertaking has been ov
lookod. Ah, it is the magician, the
working man, he who carries under his
hat nil the knowledge of the world that
ovor was, or is, worth huving; ho who is
the only creutor of material things, of
which we havo nny authentic record,
He who is IT, but doesn't know it, arrives and his power to lubor, or in other
words, his creative powor, is purchased
by the employer, in much the same manner as were thc other things mentioned,
The chief difference in tho purchase lies
in tho fuel that tho working man's
power is purchased only upon the In
stalmont plan, that is by the day, hour
or week, as the caso may be, while flic
other things are bought outright, And
now comes the practice of (lie black art
of capital which transmutes unlimited
quantities of nothing, into thoso golden
monoy terms of wealth that bringeth
joy to the heart nnd sweet solace to tho
soul of the capitalist, he whom the fool
world acclaims as captain of industry.
* * *
The working mnn comes into tho fac
tory nnd life comes with him. The
whcelB take on motion. Tho raw mnter-
inls ure transformed into the finished
article, cloth, and all of this is done nt
that is not possessed by any other commodity that is bought or Bold. Whilo
[til other commodities consumed in production merely pass their exchange
value over to the product, without
creating any new value, the labor power
of the worker brings forth a new value,
often much greater than its original
value. This is duo to tho fact thnt tho
productive capacity of the average
worker, mensured in the things necessary to his existence, is considerably
greater for uny given length of time,
thnn is nctually required for hiB consumption during that time. If the product of one day's labor was sufficient to
keep a worker two days, then he could
be compelled to work one day for noth
ing, by whoever might bo in a position
to control his means of lnbor. By this
process, the equivalent of the product
of his lubor for ono duy would accrue to
he who controlled his means of livoli
hood. Such person would get some
thing for nothing. Is not that plain?
Well, that is all that happened to our
magician in the factory, making cloth.
The single-tnxer is fond of asserting
that land, labor and capital produce
wealth. These' three alleged factors
constitute u blessed trinity, as it were,
that somehow or other conjures forth
that which is termed wealth. And it
would, indeed, be a pleasing tale, and
an instructive one withal, if our singlet
tnx friend would relate to us in simple
and lucid language the no doubt interesting and important part that land and
capital play in tho production of exchange values. We know full well that
the laborer performs his part of the
job, upon the bind, while the capitalist
swipes the product, but we will not bc
able to understand how either the inanimate laud or the thief who steals the
product, in any .manner aids thc "brother to the ox," who does the work,
until the matter is* more fully explained.
Tt 1ms become n confirmed liubit with
dilettante reformers to rotor to such
vila as infantile pnralysis, nnd othors
of similnr ilk thnt thrust tlieir dealy
menace forth from the noxious nnd fetid
warrens of poverty, ns the results of
'social injustice" As poverty and nil
of its accursed offspring of resultant
evils is the first' hand result of human
slavery, why do not these mealy-mouthed reformers say so and be done with
itf Why is it necossnry to bout nbout
the bush? Do these fastidious esurfneo-
skimmers fancy that tho offensive odor
of a skunk enn be converted into a
pleasing perfume, by merely changing
jita name? There is no such thing as
"social injustice." There is human
slavery, but that, however, is not a
social institution, but a class institution.
In fact the difference betwoen justice
and injustice is only a difference of
opinion, anyhow.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accopt no substitute for any Royal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
Our friend, the diffident and modest
working man, is the only really good
thing thnt over enmo down the turnpike
of time. He is the original easy mark,
but he don't know it. Everybody else
[.does, however. And everybody else
takes good care that ho is not put wise.
Without him nnd his ignorance of his
own consequence in human society, rulers und robbers would no longer enjoy
the soft snap that they have snuggled
up to so cosily ull through history. Wero
it not for his stupidity there would be
no fabulous fortunes in thc hnnds of
worthless idlers and callous tyrants and
troublo breeders, while countless millions of the world's useful clnss lived
lives of poverty, misery aad distress.
Tho stupidity of the working man is
the only thing on earth that is capable
of being capitalized. In fnct the labor
power of the worker is the only thing
on enr-th that is bought and sold. AU
of the world's boasted trade and commerce is nothing more or less than n
trade ia the flesh and blood of the workers. Labor produces all exchange value.
It is, therefore, plninly to be seen why
the workers constitute all there is to
property. They are the very source of
value, and thore is nothing on earth
outside of them thnt is worth owning.
Tho vnluo that appears to rest in Infill
and industrial establishments does so
only because the control of these things
carries with it the control of the sole
wealth producing factor in human society, the working clnss. The much-heralded wealth of thc world, that runs up
into the hundreds of billions of dollars,
represents merely whnt tho working
dnss is worth as a revenue producer for
the masters and rulers. As an instance,
the wealth of tho United States amounts
to some two hundred billions. This
means that the workerB of thnt country
can produce enough, over and nbovo
their own keep, to pay the normal rato
of rovenue upon that stupendous sum
and, also, thnt they are silly enough to
do it. Thnt is why the wealth of the
country is so great. No wonder that
such is the enso, for not only is the
working mnn grout os a producer of
wealth, but also tho greatest ass of all
time. He is a joke. Without him thore
would not only bo no bread to eut, but
nothing to laugh at. And want more
need be snid?
A letter from an old-time B. C. trade
unionist, John L. Martin, Victoriu, now
a resident of Berkeley, Cal., says thnt
tho longshoreman's strike along the Pacific coast has started a concerted movement at Snn Francisco among the employers to establish the "open shop,"
, closed to union men. A law and
order committee has been organized and
the employers aro unitedly subscribing
funds to secure a supply of finks and
sluggers. With this combination, along
with the support of the daily press, tho
employers havo thrown out their doll,
and every weapon known to modern industrial warfare will be used to break
up the workers' organisations. Upon
one pretence or another, "agitators"
are being hounded, jailed and blacklisted. Bro. Martin loft Vancouver island
after passing through a similar struggle,
only to bump into another. For tho
worker who dares there is no escape,
And it will continue to bo so so long as
tho workers consent to permit the means
of wealth production to function ns enp-
ital. When the things which the workers use collectively are owned collectively, the cause of all the trouble will
hnvo been eliminated. Modern warfare
has demonstrated that the offensive
movement possesses the advantage.
Trnde unionists should get away from
the defensive and Btart an offensive
aimed at capturing the whole works.
Nothing less will do.
in annual convontion in January. Executive oftlcurs, 1016-17: President, Jos. B. Ale-
Vety; vice-presidents — Vancouvor, John
m-uiiku, L. Morrison; Victoria, C, Hivorti;
New W eat minuter, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
\V. E. Thompson, F. 0. Box 158; Kosslaud,
II. A. Stewart; District 28, V. Al. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; Dlstriot IS,
U. M. W. of A. (Orov'i Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-treasurer,' A. 8. Wells, P.
!0. Box toils, Victoria, B. 0.
Wo have a nice three-mom house nt
McKay  Station,  near  Central  Park.
Tlioro ia il goud chicki-ii-house 40x12,
with 66 ohickeiiK; lots of flowers and
Home Miiull fnlit; the house in ull fur*
nlsliotl und Insured for $000; everything iu included for .$700. Can give
lentil on tliis plueo,
Hwo is n iiiuf four-room bungalow
on Nineteenth avenue east, close to
Ahiiii street, with full basomimt, hath,
toilet and pantry j good Kiirden and a
Thicken-house 03x22, Price $1350:
have clear deed. Terms ?200 cash,
bulirnco $15 mouth.
Two choice lots in Point Grey, near
Mageo Station for $176 each; we bIbo
havo an excellent lot in West Point
Grey on Sixth avenue, near Snanuint
street, for $300.
We havo a large list of houses and
partmonts in our rental department to
select from,
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meets first and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1421 Oovernment street, at 8
p. in. President, 0. Taylor; secrotary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
of America, local 784,  New  Westminster
Afeets seoond Sunday of each month at 1:30
p.m.    Seoretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 498.
Eugene V. Dobs Qnce snid: "Tlio wny
to put down anarchy is to cease producing it."
The Hoisting Engineers' union of
Denver succeeded in hoisting tho wnges
of its members $1.00 per dny recently
through a copfororioe with the employors. Thnt is onc union ut least that is
made up of men who nre thoroughly
qualified at their trade.
A correspondent nsks "whnt is good
govornment?" In the language of Sis
Hopkins, "there ain't no such thing,
nohow ?'' Thon again, perhapB, tho
answer is tho same aa to the query:
"What constitutes a good Indian?'
Our correspondent tun take his choice.
An evidence of tho general and in
creased activity of business In the
United States during recent months is
shown in tho report of Commissioner of
Labor Jackson of Pennsylvania. During the first six months of the present
yoar thoro occurred in that stnte almost
as many fatal accidents in industry, as
were reported for the entire year of
1915. The reasons given are the greater
number of mon employed, and the in
crousod speeding tip of production. Also
the fact that many green hands were
employed had its influonco apon the result.   The old adage that "by industry
Send in tho news! Every union in
the city and province should have a
press correspondent. You want news
of your union to appear in your paper.
Then see that someone is especially appointed to send it in. And see that it
reaches this office on timo. AH local
news must be in not later than Thursday morning, if it is to appear the same
week. Address all news matter to Editor B. C. Federationist, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. 0. ***
Adopted in September, 1916, by the Trades
anl Labor Congress ot Canada
1.    Free   compulsory   education.
i. Legal woriiinu day of eight hours, and
six days tu a week.
it. Government inspection of all Industries.
4. The abolition uf the contract system
on all puhliu works.
5 A minimum living wage, based on
local conditions.
6. Public ownership of ull franchises,
such an railways, telegraphs, telephones,
water-works,  lighting,  etc.*
7k Tax reform, by lessening taxation on
industry and Increasing it on land values.
8.    Abolition of the Dominion Senate.
0.    Exclusion of ull Asiatics.
10. The Union Label to be placod on all
manufactured goods whore practicable, and
all government and municipal supplies.
11, Abolition uf child labor for children
under sixteen years, and the establishing uf
equal pay for eitual work for mm and
12. Abolition of property qualification for
nil public offices.
18. Voluntary arbitration uf labor disputes.
14 Compulsory vote and proportional
representation with grouped constituencies
titi'l abolition of municipal wurds.
16, Direct legislation through the Initiative and referendum,
id, Prohibition of prison labor in competition With free labor,
17. Equal suffrage for men and women
over 21 years of age.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, tn
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alborta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Province of Britlah Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an aore. Not
more than 2,560 aores will be leased to one
Applications for lease must be made bv the
'applicant In person to the Agont or Bub-Agent
I of the dlstriot in whloh the rights appllec'
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must bo do-
. scribed by sections, or legal subdivisions of
! sections, and In unsurveyed territory thc
tract applied far shall bs staked by the applicant himself.
Each application most be aceompanled by
a fee of $6, whloh will be refunded tf tbe
rights applied for are noi available but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of Ave conts per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent with sworn returni accounting for tbe full quantity of merchantable
eoal mined and par the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished it least onoe
a year.
The lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may bo permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necesssry for the working
of the mine at the rate or 110 an aere*
Por full Information application sbnnlri h#
mado to the Seeretary of the Department of
■ the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
1 W. H. CORY.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. R.—Unauthorised publication of thla advertisement wllljiot be p>ld for—80(100
ilrst and third Thursdays, Executive
hoard: .lames 11. JJIcVoty. president; It. N.
Myles, vice-president; Helena Gutteridgo,
general tuavtary, 210 Labor Temple j
Prod Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
Meota   second   Monday   in   the   month.
President, J.  McKinnon;  seroetary,   R.   H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 60.
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 676.-01806,
Room 206 Labor Temple. Meets first
Sunday of each month. President, James
Campbell; finanoial socretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey, 4752; recording secretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main street.
al -Union of America, Looal No, 120—
Meets 2nd nnd 4th Tuesdays In tbe month,
room 205, Labor Temple. Prosldent, L. E.
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
—Meets everv iat and 3rd Tuesday,
8 p.m., Room 307. President, F. Dickie;
corresponding secrotary, W. S. Dagnall, Boi
58; finanoial seoretary, W. J. Pipes; business
agent, W. 8. Dagnall, Room 215.	
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor Temple,
8 p.m.   President. A. Sykes; secretary, Chas.
ft, Austin, 732 Seventh avenue east.	
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meeta
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. Preaident,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue west;
secretary, A. Fraaer, 1151 Howe street,
PACIFIC—Meete at 487 Gore avenne every
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russell Kearley, business
agent.      _ _      	
meets room 206, Labor Temple ever?
Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall,
1162 Powell street: recording secretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; financial secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison.
,Room 207. Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Loral 38-52. Office and hsll,
10 Powell street. Meets every Thursday 8
p.m, C, ■(>. Thomas, business agent; Thomas
Nixon, st-cretary.
and fourth Thursdays nt S p.m. President
J. Mclvor; recording secretary. J. Brookes:
(inanrinl secretary, J. H. McVety, 211 Labor
Temple.    Seymour 7405.
Meets second and fourth Thursdays, Lnbor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, George Anderson,
2310 Prince Edward atreet; phono Fairmont
1720-O. Secretary. Stanley Tiller. 312 Elgh-
teenth avenue west; phone Fairmont 768L.
fi. E. A M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday ol
eaoh month, Room 204, Labor Temple.
President, J. C. Lachuncu; business agent, W.
E. McCartney; financial and corresponding
secrotary, H. Q. Roddan. P. 0. Box 845
AMERICA—Vancouvor    and    vicinity—
Drancb   meets   second   and   fourth   Mondays,
Room  205,   Labor  Temple,    President,   Ray
.MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenuo west; financial secretary, J. Campbell, 4860 Argyle
street; recording secretary, E, Westmoreland,
11512   Yew  street;   phone   Bayvlew 2698L.
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0.
Ask for Labor Temple  'Phone Exchange,
Seymour  7408   (unless  otherwise   stated).
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Room 304;
Andy Graham.
Eloctricai Workors (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.    Sey, Bfilt),
Engineers (stoam)—Room 216; E. Prendergast-
Doep Sea Fishennon's Union—Russoll Kearley, 437 Gore avenue. Offloe phono, Seymour 4704; resldonoe, Highland 1344L.
Longshoremen's Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey. 6860.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806.
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 318 Hastings street
west.     Sey,  8703.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Mnln and Union. Phone Exchange
Soymour 6000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 206.
anas g__ _________%
Vote against prohibition I Demand per
eonal liberty ln choosing what you will drink
Aak for thta Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee tbat It la Union Made. Thta la Tbttr Label
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION (VANCOUVER), No. 60—Moeta second Tueaday, 8 p.m., Room 204. President, W. Bell,
2220 Vine Btreet; secretary, treasurer, E.
Waterman, 1167 Georgia street; recording
secretary, W. Shannon. 1730—28th avonue
Meets Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wed-
nosdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
vice-president, R, E. Rigby; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street; financial secretary and business agent, Fred. A.
Hoover. 2409 Clark drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetinga
held flrat Tuesday In eaoh month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording sec, C. McDonald, Box 508; financial secretary, H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 503.
Meets last Sunday of each month st 2
p.m. President, Wm. H. Youhill; vice-president, W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R.
H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
Be True To British,
Clause 29 provides that nny person can tell a constable thnt he thinks you have liquor in your possession. On the strength of .this mere snyso, the constable must prosecute, but the Act specifically states
he may not disclose thc name oi* thc informer,
Clause 48 provides that a constable, without a
warrant, may forcibly enter your house to search
i'or liquor at. any time, day or night, and break open
any room, closet, etc., while prosecuting his search.
Clause 40 provides that if liquor is found in your
possession, it is necessary for you to prove that it
was not illegally purchased or possessed. This means
that you arc held "guilty" until you prove your own
Can You Support Such
Un-British Legislation ?
Copies of thc Act (giving its full text) enn bo obtained
on upplicntion to Merchants' Froteotivo Association, Room
24, Cunnda Life Building, Vancouver,
Read The Act
Vote "NO" r-W.^-^r^.
...AUG. 11, 1916
You Like a Glass of
iood Beer
BECOME LAW you would have to buy beer brewed in
■ another province, which means you would probably get an
inferior article with the added privilege of contributing
to thc coffers of a transportation company.
and buy it in
Mark your Ballot "NO"
Brewed and Bottled by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
Goo-t tor ono yt'ar'n subscription to Tho B.
C. Federationist  will be mailed to any ad*
in QTJR CARDS*'"'•'""'"Ps***'* '■ir"'*'S*_,"<8i°4 »»ph*i™
outside of Vancouver city.)    Order ten to*
day.   Remit s-hen aold.
means unemployment for your fellow
ia good for all mon; total abstinenco is a matter of expediency for some
men. Tbe total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by forco of law, thnn the temperate man haa to compel
the abstainer to drink what' he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer iB the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Aak your dealer for our
Government Statistics Show
Decline in Membership
for Fiscal Year
Fifth Annual Year Book of
Labor Department An
(Interesting One
THE FIFTH annual report on Labor
organization in Cunada, containing
stutistics, etc., for tho calendar year
19.15, hits been issued by the department
of labor. The opening chapter is devoted to showing the extent to whicli
the trade unionists of the Dominion contributed to the Cunadiun expeditionary
forces, and contains nlso the pronouncements which various central labor bodies have made on the wur. Of tho 1883
local brunch unions in Cuuadn, 901 have
had ono or more membera enlist for
overseas service sinco the beginning of
the war. The trade unions furnished
1,072 recruits, and 430 reservists, making in all 12,411 members in the ranks.
Over 12,000 Trade Union Reservists.
Tho following statement Bhows the
enlistments from each province:
Novu Scotia—Recruits, 1500; reservists, 14.
New Brunswick—Recruits, 490; reservists, 7.
Prince Edward Island—Recruits 03.
^Quebec—RecruitB, 025; reservists, 41.
Ontario — Recruits  4315;   reservists,
Manitoba—Recruits, 1423; reservists,
Saskatchewan—RecruitB, 434;   reservists, 27.
Alberta—Recruits,   1505;   reservists,
British Columbia—Recruits, 1348; reservists, 103.
Railroad Telegraphers—(exact locality not specified), 294.
Commercial Telegraphers—(exact locality not specified), 50.
Grand total for the Dominion, recruits
11,072; reservists, 439".
Aggregate Membership.
The war has evidently subjected Cu
audi tin trade unionism to u severe
strain, the returns received for 1915
showing a loss of 120 local branches
aud 22,820 members. The total numerical strength of organized labor in Canada at the close of 1915 stood approximately at 143,343, made up as follows:
1001 local branches owing ullegianco to
international organizations, comprising
a membership of 114,722; 191 local
branches of non-international bodies
with a combined membership of 23,004
and 31 independent units with a reported membership of 4957. These figures
ns compared with those of 1014, indicate
it loss for the year 1015 of 113 local
braaches and 25,700 members of inter-
aatioaal organizations; n reduction of
five branches of non-internatiunal bodies, bnt a gain of 2729 in membership
tho independent units, a loss of two, but'
again of 211 in the membership report-
oil. The membership of all classes of
organized labor in Canada as reported
to th'e department for the past five
years has been as follows:
ioil  ....133,132
1912 100,120
1013 175,199
1914 160,103
1910 143,343
Organized Labor in Canadian Cities.
Nearly one-half of the local trade
union braaches is found ia twenty-two
cities, and these braaches comprise over
forty per cent, of the entire trade union
membership in the Dominion. Montreal,
us in 1014, stnnds in first place as to tho
number of local braaches, but the proportion of branches reporting was not
as good as in some othor localities. Toronto, with a reduction of thirteen
branches, still retains second position.
The following summary gives the names
of the cities, number of branches in locality, lumber of brunches reporting
membership aad the membership reported:
No. of No, of No. of
unions unions members
inlocnlity report'g rep't'd
Moncton   22 15 1,087
Lethbridge ...... 22 15 1,209
St. John  21 17 1,987
St. Thomas  21 15 1,441
Brantford  21 9 383
Peterboro  21 9
Moosejaw      20        10
... 933 482 -60,807
Benefits Paid by Central Bodies.
A table is famished showing the expenditure on account of benefits paid
during the year 1915 by thc various
central labor organizations operating in
Canada. Of the iatemational bodies, 81
have benefit features on a varying scale.
The, total disbursements for 1015
amounted to $14,505,305, nn increase of
$1,727,378, as compared with the amount
paid in 1914. The expenditure for each
claaa of benefit waa "ns followa:
Death benefits $7,028,676
Strike benefita   3,208,604
Sick und accident benefits  1,840,450
Old age pensions   1,220,305
1'uemplyd and travel'g benfts    001,323
Four of the non-iinternational bodies
reported having made payments on nc-
count of benefits, the total expenditure
mounting to $8370.
Benefits Paid by Local Branches.
A new featuro of the report is a statement showing the amount paid in benefits for the year 1915 by local branch
unions iu Canada to their own members,
the disbursements aggregating $128,671,
and being paid on account of the following benefits:
Death benefits .'. $10,649
Unemployed benefits   30,435
Strike benefits    1,824
Sick benefits   53,303
Other benefits   23,465
General Features of the Beport.
Tlie report follows closely along the
lines of former reports on lubor organization in Canada, the various phases of
tlie scheme of organization which have
been .developed being given due consideration.
A chapter is given to a review of
some of the lending building trades organizations, showing the progress nnd
achievements of the various bodies discussed.
The report s,erves' as a directory of
trade unions for the Dominion for 1916,
including as it does particulars not only
of every known local trade union in
Cauudn, but also n list of all international and non-internatioaol central organizing bodies, together with the
names nnd addresses of tlie chief executive officers.
Abnormal Conditions Have
Increased Number of
Calamity Howlers
Trade Unionists Must Fight
On Resolutely to Attain
Their Mission
Ynncouvt'i* .....
Edmonton ....
Port  William
14 *
514 I
Established 1904
We operate our own distillery
at New Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making aro prepared with
great care from the best selected
grains that monoy can buy.
Don't forget when ordering
from your grocer to ask for the
B. C. article.
Vinegar Works
Telephone High. 286
It has been said that' every local
uuion has a "calamity howler," This
may not be true, becauso some local
unions do not seem to have much of
anything, but if there is one so poor us
not to have even a calamity howler it
is poor indeed.
Calamity howlers, in a trade union
sense, are of numerous kinds. Some of
them believe that everything tho union
does is wrong. The extreme of egotism
is the member of the union who knows
it all and concedes nothing to the combined sense or judgment of tho rest of
the membership. The worst thing about
this form of egotism is that the member so obsessed is unable to convince
his fellows that ho is right, Bays the
Shoe Workers' Journal.
Logic Generally, Prevails.
If there is truth and logic in an independent opinion there is some chance
that it may prevail. This thought never
seems to..enter the head of the calamity
Thore is n reason for his inability to
entertain this idea. The reason is that
his brain is not constructive. He prefers to believe everything bad of everybody except himself. Consequently ho
cannot lend them to accept his views.
They recognize him ns a nocker or
destructionist and refuse to follow him
in any constructive work. If he can
find a few who will fain with him in
smashing things to pieces that is as far
as he can go in leadership—leadership
toward destructipn.
The Same Old Pessimist.
Thero is another kind of calamity
howler not as vicious in intent nor us
destructive in effect, but fully as unsound in principle. This is the man
wlio says in every industrial disturb*
ance that if this particular little fight j
or big fight, localized or otherwise. Is
lost the entire cnuse of organized laW
will bo lost.
Wo may as well anticipate this soft!
of cnlainity howler now, because when;
the war is over and inflated conditions
in cortain directions begin to rot\irn to!
normal, we are likely to henr the ex-,
pression, "This is the battlo of the predatory interests ngninst organized
labor, and if we lose tho entire cause
of organized labor will be crushed."
Trade Union Movement Strong.
In our lifetime we have heard statements similar to the above repeated j
many, many times. We hnve seen such |
contests lost, and still we hnve seen the
orgnnized labor movemont constantly
growing and extending beyond its for-j
mer bounds, simply proving that what-j
ever happens in any one spot or place
or in any one craft or induHtry tho
Labor movement oh such being essential-
ly sound in principle and in purpose,
will go on nnd on, no matter what hap- j
pens in any ono field.
The    trade    union    movement   has |
shown   repeatedly  that  it   cannot 1)0
wrecked by its foes from without nor
by its calamity howlers from within.
No Such Word As Defeat.
We recognize that: in every contest
between wage workers and employers
tho wage workers are entitled to the
support and to the sympathy and the
material aid of their fellow unionists,
but the cause of organized lnbor is not
to be lost in any one battle or in nny
hundred battles, any or all of which
may result from special conditions, nnd
oven whilo any or many of such battles
may bo lost other victories may be
If there nre to be contests in fho
future, as there always have been tn the
Workingmen Object to Laws
Aiming Against Their
Brewery  Workers'   Union
Says Labor Will Vote
Against Act
''Workingmen all ovor tho province
are thoroughly aroused because of the
cluss legislation which is contained in
the terms of tlio Inhibition Act and the
indications nre, that the wokingineii's
vote on the measure will show piaialy
that they do not countenance laws
whieh menu one thing for the rich and
another for tho poor"', writes the correspondent- of the United Brewery
Workers, his letter continuing ns follows:
''Clause 57 of the Act is class legislation of such a pronounced typo that
every worki ngnum can see its real
meaning nt a glance. The average
workingman (especially the Britisher)
is accustomed to buying his glass of
beer whenever and wherever he chooses.
The Act takes this right away from
him. It tells him, of course, that he
may buy liquor to any amount he
chooses, providing ho imports it from
outside the province, but this means
the buying of liquor in quantity. Beer,
the usual drink of the laboring classes
is the beverage whieh is the hardest
hit by this provision. Shipments of
beer are necessarily bulky and this
means high freight rates, thus making
thc importation result in a bigt! price
por bottle instead of the rule of 5 cents
per glass now prevailing on the const
or the slightly higher price prevailing
throughout the interior of the province.
On the other hand, the man of meanB,
who has money at his disposal, will be
able to take full advantage of the importation clajse and buy nil the beer
and whiskey he wants either for his
own use or for giving to his friends.
( "Another point on which working-
men strongly criticise the Prohibition
Act is that it undoubtedly means the
sending of large sums of money out of
the province. If the liquor bill of the
provinco is $11,000,000 annually, as prohibitionists say, thc Prohibition Act
provides for $11,000,000, or even more,
being sent outside of the province for
liquor. This means that while tho Prohibition Act strikes hard at British
Columbia working interests, because it
would certainly mean that thousands
of men would be thrown oat of employment und the activities of many other
thousands would be lessened,-it would
nlso meun just as much support for industry and trade outside the province
as is now given within its bounds.
Workingmen are asking tho question as
to what is the good of passing u law
which deprives the British Columbia
workingman of his job and at the same
time opens the door for money to go
out of the province to aid in providing
work at points in other provinces nnd
in tho states.
"These criticisms of the Act," concludes the correspondent, "show that
tho measure is in strong disfavor among
tho workingmen of British Columbia
und it is certain that they will register
a very strong negative vote on the Act
when it comes up for a referendum
ballot in September."
Governmental Statistics for May Show
Relentless Toll Paid hy Workmen.
During May, 55 work people were
killed or fatally injured and .'157 seriously injured while engaged in their respective employments, reports the Labor
Gazette, published by tho Department of
Labor, Ottawa. Tho record for May,
1016, was 60 killed and 359 injured,
while the record for June, 1915, was f)f
hilled and 379 injured. Comparing the
record for June aud May of this year,
it will be noted that there were' five
fewer fatal and two fewer non-fatal nc-
cideats ia Jane than in May, while a
compnriBon of the June record with that
fur June a year ago shows there to
have been 36 less killed and 22 less injured in June this year.
past, let them be fought ns resolutely
us may be, but let none of us give men
of capital to understand that under any
circumstances whatever they may expect a complete triumph over the forces
of organized labor.
To Win Because We Must.
To us there sho.uld be no such word
as defeat. Somo portion of o-ur forces
muy bo compelled to retreat at some
point, but the cause of organized labor
eaa never be defeated, much less destroyed.
When a fellow conies home
I'roni a hard day's work, the
steaming   cup   of
sure helps some.
It fairly warms the "cockles of one's heart."
If you havo it you know-
it you haven't it you ought
to get a tin at your grocers
f The N";
/Quality Joes''
flfl. before fhe
[flame J>c,ei0fl
\ — tfi&ts a ,
V Leckie
Our Soldier Boys
are equipped
with Leckie Boots
When the Oovernment called for Footwear
for, lta Soldiers It wanted the Beat that the
World could produce.
And you know the atory of how tbe LECKIE
BOOTS atood up under the severeat teats that
a Boot could be put.
And thousands upon' thousands of pairs of
"LEOKIE'8" were ordered and are to-day
standing the hardest kind of us.ingc on the
battlefields of Prance nnd Belgium.
All LECKIE BOOTS nro like that the
stainicheat footwear for Men nnd Boys it Is
possible to mnke.   Yet stylo is not sacrificed
Named Shoe* are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories-Do Not Boy Any Shoe
no matter what Hs name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of tbls stamp.
All ahoea without the  Union  Stamp  are
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blalno, 8ee.-Trea«.
(Strictly modern), one blook from Labor Temple.   Here, every comfort
/ awaits you.
Union Cigars and best brands of beverages our specialty.
Hrst-class cafe ln connection.
O. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Letup's Beer
G. Freller & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgundies, etc., etc.
Don't Stand For It
Heats the Water, won't heat the house
The price
For everybody's sake
Curtail and Hastings
1138 Granville, near Davie
Phone Sey.
Vancouver Exhibition Aug. 14 to 19 PAGE FOUR
. ...AUG. 11, 1916
Great Sale of
Mens and Boys
Ruuning Shoes
Values to $1.50
to sell for . . .
Hundreds of pairs, with the best of quality
uppers and finest quality rubber soles.
All Sijres—Buy a pair for yatching, boating,
sports or ordinary wear. __    _
A GREAT BARGAIN, pair 85c.
\*_\*\J nmmaiD   iw     mmi i miww. imw cwihmwim * Vj^J
Granville and Georgia Streets
Milk Fresh from the Ranch to the Consumer
M. McNAIR, Prop.
Purity and Cleanliness Guaranteed     Delivered in sterilized bottles daily
LEADING      \jimXX lJ
Special 11 P. M. to 1. A. M.
704 Robson Street
Are your teeth
in good order ? N
AEE your teeth efficient? Have you your full equipment of thirty-
two teeth in good working order? Each one of them is important,
and you cannot afford to do without a single ono of them—your health
and efficiency depend on your teeth being able to perform their function
completely.        PERMANENT CROWNS and BRIDGES
Bea-uty of expression ns well as full efficiency restored—made to fit the
face—heavily cast in solid gold, with Medal of Honor Teeth.
- - $4. per tooth
Consultations and examinations free. *
Telephone Seymour 3331.
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings, 7 to 8.
Office closed Saturday afternoon.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
My painless methods most modern
known to dental
When you recognize this as a
fact you will boost for the products pf home industries by cutting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plant in B. 0.
I «	
Milk Users!
Fairmont 2624
Fairmont 2624
Hillcrest dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
- FAIRMONT   1934
Hie Hillcrest Dairy
If Workers Consent to Live
on Less Will Have to
Work for Less
Prohibition Issue a Fight of
Conflicting Interests for
Workers' Wages
[By J. A. Smith]
(Secretary B. C. Workers Equal Eights
Last week I quoted extensively the remarks of President J. H. McVety, during the debate, when Vancouver Trades
and Labor council went ou record as
condemning the B. C, Prohibition Act.
This weok I am reproducing, iu^part, the
position taken by Victor B. Midgley, nn
experienced and. well-known delegate,
who is now one of the delegates from
tho Laborers' union.
Bel. Mldgley's Position.
Dol. Midgloy said in part: "This
question of prohibition is not primarily
a working class quarrel. It is chiefly a
quarrel between the masters of different
industries. A large number of merchants
and manufacturers not engaged in the
manufacture or sale of alcoholic liquors^
ure hoping by the enactment of this prohibition bill to divert a largo part of the
revenue that now goes for the purpose
of assisting tho 'passage of schooners
over the bar/ to tho purchase of goods
which they have for sale.
"Other employers of labor are in
favor of prohibition, because they hope
that by cutting out one uvenue by which
the workers expend a, portion of their
wages, to be able thereby to reduce
those wages. Wages are based on the
cost of the workers' subsistence, and
the lower a wage earners' standard of
liviug is, so that inach cheaper can he
work. If tho prohibition act to be
voted on by the electorate of British
Columbia really prohibited tWff manufacture or sale of alcoholic liquor in the
province there might be a good mnny
arguments adduced that cannot be
urged as the act is now composed. The
chief difference the enactment of the
net will bo, if other dry states and provinces are to be taken as an indication,
that instead of the worker going into a
bar and purchasing a live-cent glass of
beer, he will go into a drug store and
purchase a dollar bottle of whiskey or
a bottle of some patent medicine containing a large per cent, of alcohol.
Last Dominion Day I went with niy
family and some friends on an automobile trip into the drug-store state to the
south. During the examination by the
United States customs official at the international boundary here, we were
asked if we had any liquor on board tho
enr, and when we informed him that we
had two bottles of the stuff that made
the Capilano famous, he patted ub on
the shoulder and said: 'that's all right'
A little loter, while we were having
lunch by tho roadside, a farmer, who had
.noticed the two aforementioned bottles,
(produced a bottle containing a greenish-looking fluid and labelled 'Bluing,'
and said, {this is all we can ge|t to
drink now.'
"It is a fact, Mr. Chairman, that in
the states or provinces where prohibition has been enacted, that a greatly increased consumption of more injurious
stimulants than alcoholic beverages
takes place. I nm not much interested
in the number of jobs that will be lost
if prohibition carries. If the Bartenders and Brewery Workers understood
their truo position in society they would
not worry so much about the possibility
of losing ' their' jobs. They would real*
ize that they did not own the jobs anyhow, and that the ruling class would
soon see that they secured other 'jobs,'
nnd if they were unsuccessful, and did
not have the meaus of sustaining life,
the government would accommodate
them at one of its 'hotels' with free
board and lodgings.
"It iB not possible ,to legislate people
into being good or moral, nnd the chief
result of the passing of the proposed act
would be to transfer the liquor business
from the hotels to the drag stores and
to 'blind pigs.'
(Continued from Page 1.)
British Columbia Workmen's Compensation Act, believing that with the appointment of the said Jamee H. McVety,
Esq., on the board to administer the
Baid act, the interests of all the workmen will bo treated honorably, and with
justice.' " , .
Final Arrangements.
Final arrangements for the reception
of tlio convontion noxt week were eorfi-
Ono of the questions referred to locnl
delegates to the convention was the problem of how to denl with the returned
soldier. This question, along with ft
rather comprehensive agenda already in
sight, will give tho delegates plenty of
work* to do while in the city, and The
Federntioniflt joins with the tildes
unionists of Vancouver in extending a
hearty welcome and the wish that the
deliberations of the delegates will re-
suit in lasting benefit to themselves and
the Labor movement with which they
are associated.
Refined Serrice
One  Block  weit of Court Houie.
Ull of Modern Chapel tnd
Funeral  Parlors free  to all
Telephone Seymoar 8488
Vancouver—Offlce   and    Chapel,
1034 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3«6.
North   Vancouver — Offlce   and
Chanel, 123—Sixth Bt. West, Phone
_fJEarly Fall
THE FIRST arrivals of
1 thc new Fall modes are
now being shown. There
is a marked preference for
large shapes, and many of
the models shown in satins
velvets,and felts bear evidence of this.
Color effects are conflijfd
mainly to the "more som**
brc shades, though here
and there a touch of color
relieves the tendency to
lack of light and shade.
Hake it a point to visit the
Millinery Section and soo
the various artistic modes
displayed there.
Suits For Early
Fall Wear
'" els, depicting the correct styles for the coming
Fall are now on view in T
the roady-to-w;ear section.
For early Fall wear an
especially stylish model is
of Donegal tweed, in the
popular Norfolk style.
The coat is 34 inches long,
and is made with slip or
patch pocket and lined
throughout with striped
The skirt is full flared and
moderately short.
There is a variety of grey,
brown and heather mixtures .to choose from. The
price is moderate, viz.,
 ; $29.69   .^
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
Had No Authority to Use Name.
Editor B. C. Federationist: My attention lias just been called to. a letter published in the issue of your paper of Frl
day, July 21, headed "Micrcprosenta
Hon of Conditions at Conlhnrst." This
letter was written by a member of our
organization, and ho has apparently
seon fit to use my name in connection
with it. I wish to state most emphatically that I never saw tho letter until
my attention was called to it after it
was published. Had I seen the letter I
would not have allowed my name to be
used, as Mr. Sanderson himself has misrepresented conditions here. I trust you
will give this a prominent position in
your paper, as I do not wish for my
name to be mixed up in anything that
isn't true.
Con.lh-.irst, Alta.^July 31, 1910.
Local Activity on Waterfront Circles
Easily Explained By Walkout
At White Horse.
Quite a flutter took place about a
week ago round the local automatic auction blocks {employment sharks) when
it was announced to Powell nnd Water
street job-seekers that all kinds of
steamboat firemen and longshoremen
were needed up north—in a hurry Some
of the expectant fortune-finders consulted The Federationist as to what it
was all about. The Fed. had no deflnito
knowledge, but advised the men t<f turn
the jobs down, as there must surely be a
strike on. And Buch was the ense, as
somo of the strikers reached Vancouver
a couplo of days ago. Thc firemen and
deck-hands of four northern boats, operated by the White Pass & Yukon,
though unorganized, mado demands for
"better terms," which the company re-
fused to consider. A walk-out ensued.
Henco the local waterfront activity
among the employment sharks, under
federal government inspection—some
times. Among the strikers was James
Johnston of South Vancouver. Thanks
to the "scarcity of labor" in Vancouver, the strike is still on,
Catching Up to B; O.
One of the very few commendable
acts of tho lust New York state legislature at the last session, was the passage
of an amendment to the Workmen's
Compensation law, which makes it mandatory for tho state, counties, citieB,
towns and villages to insure their employees engaged in the specified dangerous callings under the provisions of
the Inw. By their action on this quostion the legislature took a step in advance which should hhve been taken
when the law was originally enacted instead of confining the beneficiaries to
the workers employed by private citizens, for in this, ns in other avenues,
the state should set an example in placing safeguards nronad those in its employ and hnvhig them perform their
duties under tho best possiblo conditions. •
Montreal Will Be Tbere.
Delegntcs elected to represent Montreal Trades nnd Labor council ot the
Trndes and Labor, Congress of Canada
convention in Toronto next month, were
President Foster, Treasurer Onriepy
and Secretary Francq. Alternates provided for aro Delegates Wall, Mnthieu
and Lynch.
Syncophatcd,   Corruscated,
Punctuated Flashes of
the Power Wire
Which Is to Say Some Street
Railway Dope With a
Alleged Humor
niONEER DIVISION No. 101 has
* again decided to hold meetings in
the afternoons of tho second and fourth
Wednesdays, for the convenience,, of the
night mon. Let's hope there will bo an
attendance at each of tho meetings that
will warrant this additional expense.
Jhere is scarcely ony excuse for brothers staying away from theso afternoon
meetings, as they oro being hold in tho
Oddfellows' hall, Mt. Pleasant, which
location is without doubt best suitod to
our requirements.
Brother Rigby will no doubt make a
very capable president, in the absence
of Broj Cottrell, who is acting business
Boys, it is up to us to givo the officers
of the division somo encouragement by
turning out to the meetings. We have
members that have belonged to the local
for many years,, but have never takon
any active' part in it. Somebody has
got to do the spade work, ond the very
best we can do is to, attend tho meetings. Think it over, ond try to imagine
your position if we had no organization.
Lots of peoplo in this world wfaild bo
wor,th considerably, more dead than
olive. Take Bro. Joe Hardy, for instance. Joe has a mania for collecting
emblems of secret societies, and if he is
in good standing in each of the orders
of which he has nn emblem, his heirs
will have a piece of change.      /
Returning from a week-end visit to
his family up Howe Sound, Bro. Tim
Cade was ablo to got n .first-hand impression of the electrical storm thnt
broke over this vicinity Inst Sunday
week. From the deck of the boat Tim
says it was a magnificent and awe-inspiring spectacle, tho engagement of
which, however, was more or less 'marred owing to the fact that' a party of
sweet young things became unduly
alarmed, ond only by using hiB most
persuasive and kindly manner did our
bold Tim succeed in alloying the foars
of those thnt had sought his pjotection.
Pay days may come and pay days
mny go, but the mortgage goes on forever.
We realize that it must' be more or
less unpleasant for a non-smokor to bo
sitting in n hall where the majority present are devotees of the weed, binrwhy
not take a broad-minded view of the
situation, like Bro. Wotten. Chnrlio
says neither smoke or hot nir will keep
him away from the mcotinga.
s We wonder if the 11 dogs that were
making the night hideous in Bro. Schofleld's garden at 2:50 o'clock tho other
morning ore thc forerunners of a pack
of hounds that he intends keeping.
If you visit the exhibition this year,
don't fail to take a look at Bro. Street's
exhibit.. Ed. is pretty handy with tools,
but ho specializes in tho building of
Lest we forget. According to tho department of Labor report for the calendar year 1MB, organized labor in Canada has sent nearly 14,000 of their members to the wnr. J. E. G.
(Continued from page 1)
lies in tho fact that if tho removal of
workers from the province continues,
the point will eventunlly be reached
when the employers here will be forced
to ndvnnce the wages to the same "fabulous" figures offered elsewhere. That
several hundred offered themsolves here
in Vnncouver for service in the grain
fields of the middle provinces affords
ample proof that there is still a surplus
of labor upon the market of British Columbia. That there is a continual procession of workers returning to Vancouver after escaping from the various
mining, lumbering, paper-making and
other slave penB of the provinco, rather
tends to dispose of all pretense that
labor conditions are such ob to present
a pleasant and perfumed pathway to tho
dignified and honest sons of toil. Either
that, or pleasure and sweet perfume
hath no attraction for these disciples of
Ttae Yellow Peril.
The fear that haunts the soul of good
Mr. Cunningham that "some entrepreneur will be induced to use Oriental
labor as a laBt resort," must be a most
harrowing one. It has beon tho habit
with moBt of them to use such labor as
n first resort, rather than a laBt, and the
departure from auch long-established
custom may bo considered by Mr. Cunningham us a most dangerous innovation. That probably accounts for his
alarm. It iB certainly to be hoped that
no "entrepreneur" will ever bo guilty
of employing Oriental labor, either as a
first or last reaort, when it is possible
to obtain white labor more cheaply.
Those who know the breed will confidently expect them to always remain true to
the labor-skinning doctrine, that the
cheapest labor is always the best.
Every union man in Vancouver should
insist upon having a union man deliver
milk to his household. See that he
wears the button for the current quarter.
Sunday Sailings
Spend Your Sunday oh
the Water
S. S. SELfoA
leaves Johnson wharf at 0.30 n.m.
every Sunday for Gowen Point
(W. >P.),. Roberts Creek, Wilson
Crook, SECHELT, and Hnlf Moon
Bay. Returning, arrivo at Vancouvor about 8 p,m.
This is tho finest outinff on the
coast for picnicB, otc. Full particulars, phone Soy. 4230.
Canary Owners Should
Know This
Wire Fronts for Cages—
Size 12x12
....'• ,..25c.
Size 15x12 !..35c.
Size 18x12 >. - : 45c.
Size 24x12 60o!
Seed Boxes ~ 150.
Drinkers ...!. 10c.
Asthma Cure and Moulting Mixture  35c.
Bed Mite Killer and Bird Lime    25c
CANARY SEED, SPANISH No. 1—Per lb ....15c'.
Small and well filled .....21bs 25c.
White Millet and Inga, tb ; 25c.
Gold of Pleasure, Teazel, ft 50c.
Sweet Rape Egg Biscuit, ft 35c.
. Mow Seed, ft $1.00
,Shell and Grit, imported, ft 10c.   '
Bird Sand, white, imported, 6 ft bags for ....25c.
Rape, Millet and Hemp, ft 10c.
• Sunflower, ft  15c.
Two fts. for 25c.
Floral and Seed Department, Cordova Street
David Spencer Limited
Large, Modern 12,000 ton Steamers,—carrying Cabin and Third Class only
*August 19th .......„,...........: S.S. "Southland"
HAugust 25th  S.S. "Cornishman*
USeptember 17th  S.S. "Welshman"
'September 17th S.S. "Southland"
•Cabin $55.00; Third Class, $33.75 ||Cnrgo only
'For furthor information, npply to Company's offlce, 010 Second Ave., |
Soattle, A. E. Disney, Agent; or local rail und steamship agents.
Full Classification in all Departments
$50,000 in Prizes
B—S—— -BBBB—»—-8BHBS—B—-——j—
August 14th to 19th
.      '■mmm________^__e\
Special Attention this Year'to
Agricultural Exhibits
The One BIG FAIR in B.C. in 1916
"Business As Usual"
fir Cheap excursions.   Office, Grand Stand, Hast-
tI , ings Park.
or 4 for $1.00
MB. O. M. WOODWORTH, who accepted
Mr. A. _, Tulk'h challenge to meet
him on the public platform and debate
tbo Brltleh Columbia Prohibition bill, has
/aent the following reply to Mr. Tulk. who
has refused to make good hiB words: '
A, Edward Tulk, Esq.,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Sir,—I have ifecelved yours of tho 25th
Inst. After threading my way through
three nnd a half pages of closely typewritten words, I Una my answer tawards the
last, and it Is that you have funked.
Your'Words were: "The Prohibition
Act Ib a Gold Brick. I challenge any one
to Bhow that thero is anything like Prohibition ln this wide-open, un restrictive and
ineffective act."
I acceptod the challenge; you backed
down. I am conscious of no ulterior motives. You plead inability on account of
military duties. The supreme field for
military duty now in Belgium nnd Northern France. Thoro Havt McHarg and
thousands more horoes sleep in honored
graven. Hundreds of thousands more
bravo men are either at tho''front or in
field training. You, and I believe, one
other officer In uniform stay here. You
urge tbe "other fellow" to go, but have
yourself "spent very many weeks In Victoria and among the politicians of all
iiartlea" in tho interests of the liquor
msinesi. Even now your devotion to the
lnterelta of this (wetness keeps you from
"your place nt Vernon where" you "properly belong."
You plead you mutt baok down on account of military duty. Report for that
duty nt onco nt Vernon, and I will gladly
excuse you. If, however, you deem the
defence of your liquor Interests a higher
duty than tne defence of the empire, then
when you issuo a challenge—back ft up;
don't back down.
When, in answer to your challenge, it
Is put up to you to defend these liquor
intorests In fair logical combat on the
publlo platform, don't plead some other
excuse, else thX pooplo will begin to suspect your courage.    Yours, 'etc.,
Vancouver, Aug, 1, 1916.
Booze Believes in Barking
from Behind a Barrier
of "Bunkum"
Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items