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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 28, 1916

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Oriental Cunning All Same
Pattern As Occidental
Britain "No Longer Fit" to
Be "High-Souled" Nippon's Consort
[By W. Frnncis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N.8.W., .Tune 22.—(Special
to The Federationist.)—Exclusive
despatches hnvo already appeared in
these columns dealing with tho Japanese question ia Australia ahead of all
othor Labor journals. How true the
information contained iu those despatches is can bc seen by an extract' from
a speech of Count Hayashi, the Japanese minister for foreign affairs, in the
Century Magazine of March last. He
"What Japan has now to do is
to keep perfectly quiet, to lull the
suspicions that havo arisen against
her,   and  to  wait,  watching  and
waiting for the opportunity which
one day mtiBf como to her.   When
that day arrives, she will bo able to
reap advantages for herself."
This messngo is full of meaning, and
it rings as a warning to tho United
States and Canada as much as it does to
any other nation bordering on the Paci-
ocean.    So Berious is tho 'message,
Scientific Militancy of "Sockeye-Red" Revolutionists Triumphant Over Misleading Cavortings of "Pale
Pink" Conf usionists of the Humpback Type
IT HAS LONG BEEN KNOWN that within the camp of the socialists of this province, and' the Dominion as well, there has been a sort
of purification process going on, calculated, at least in the minds of
the purifiers, to purge the movement of all such persons, who, by virtue of weak mentality are adjudged incapable of hair-splitting, with
that scientific accuracy that is absolutely necessary to the triumph of
down-trodden Labor in its struggle against the ogre of capitalism.
The purifiers have loudly proclaimed, from time to time, that it is the
"mission of the socialists to educate the working class." This would
imply that the purifiers, who profess to speak with authority, must
themselves be already educated and, therefore, duly qualified for the
job, and, by thc way, who should know better than they. The only
really live expression of the socialist movement that has yet been in
evidence in the Dominion, is the Socialist Party of Canada, and it is
that party and its affairs that are herein referred to.
Its Earlier History. ♦	
Beginning with tho year 1903, and
down to quite recent times, the socialist
purty took no inconsiderable part in
tlie politicul life of this province.   It
that every effort has been made to
press it, and it is extremely doubtful if
the message hns appeared in tho American press to date.
Gems from a Message.
Coincident with the above comes a
Bevies of articles published in the Yaraa-
to of Tokyo, headed "A Message to
England." Among tho most signifiennt
passages in tho articles may be mentioned the following oxtracts:
"The progress of tho war has disillusioned tlio Japanese people re
tho power of England . . . The
Anglo-Jnpanese alliance is no lon-,
ger of any valno to Japan, but an
impediment to its progress . . .
The wnr of tho white roco means
tho freedom of tho Orient . . .
For these ronsons wo advocate a
severance of the Anglo-Japanese
alliance, and an open door for tho
expansion of Japan in India, Australia and the South Seas. . . .
England is unfit to bo the ally of
'such n high-souled nation as
Japan.' "
Theso are startling, statements, and to
understand tho full forco of them, it
Bhould bo known thnt the Yamato is
ono of the many newspapers controlled
by the Mitsui Press Agency. Let ub
flrst understand what the Mitsui compnny is. Tlie wealth of this mighty organization is controlled by tho Mitsui
Gowei Kaishu, which in turn controls
the countless factories, mines, ships and
banks under the do mini tion of thc Mitsui Trust. This trust openly says says
it controls over 25 per cent, of the total
export nnd import trade of Japan, nnd
so it will be seen thnt' tho Yamato
speaks with some authority.
developed and brought forth a corps of
writers and speakers who wero not altogether deyoid of talont, and the ability to hold thoir own against all comers,
in the shape of political and economic
disciples of capitalism. Two candidates
of the party were elected to the provin-
citl house in 1903, and another was
added later on. At each recurring election a substantial increase in the vote
was recorded, and the continued and energetic activities of the party membera
iu the local houso proved a powerful
factor in extending tho propaganda of
the movement nnd bringing its principles to the favorable consideration of
an ever-increasing number of working
men. In fact tho party was rapidly
gaining a prestige that seriously threatened the peace of mind of the petty rulers and tyrants of this province. Strenuous efforts wero put forth to defeat the
socialists at the polls in 1907, and one
member of the house was beaten out.
This was John Mclnnis, of Grand Forks
riding. Siaco then the party has lost
prestige, as well as strength, until at
present it is not only without representation in the legislature, but has fallen
to such low estate thoro is none so
poor as to do it reverence. The reasons
for this it is our purpose to find out.
Tentacles of the Octopus.
A subsidiary  of  tho   Mitsui Gowei,
called the Mitsui Bussnn Kaishu (which
controls most of tho Jnpnn industry of
today) is nt present operating in Australin, exploiting that country in tho
interests of the Japanese kingdom.   In
tho metal market of Australia, if as-
-'Vr-es to take the placo of Germany.
Coming along with this arm of the Jap
trust   aro   the   Mitsui   Nippon   Steel
Works, the Mitsui Mining Co., the Mitsui Bnnk, nnd Mitsui, Limited.   They
own collectivoly most of tho Japanese
sulphur,  coal  and metal mines,  ships
and factories.    They are in Australia
now as buyers of Australion ores for
Japanese munition nnd industrial factories, and ns drummers nnd bagmen for
the pushing of Jnpnnese goods on the
Australian market".   The Mitsui, Limited, handles all transactions in Australia.   This ono arm of the groat Mitsui
trust has n capital of $10,000,000, reserves of a liko amount, and assets of
$85,000,000.   Behind it is all tho wealth
and power of the Mitsui trust, estimated at about   $500,000,000.    Think   of
Aims, and Ambitions.
Its Vancouver Becord.
At tho provincial electioa of 1907 thb
socialist party put up a full ticket of
fivo candidates in this city,; Approximately 000 votes wero polled for each
candidato. In 1909 a full ticket being
np, tho vote ran from about 1200 for
the lowest candidate, to over 1800 for
the highest. Shortly after this the local
organization became infested with a
type of membership whose chief characteristic was a disposition to loaf around
headquarters during the day time and
sleep there of nights, for the reoson
that it had and desired no other place
of abode, and nlso for the purpose of
pilfering the prico of onts out of the
literature sales and such other sources,
of revenue as might chance to develop, I
To this choice element tho sight of a
clean shirt produced much tho some effect ns n red rng to a ball, or water to
a mad dog. Tlie wearer of a clean shirt
became an object of suspicion, ns a person liable to betray the workers by
loading the movement astray from the
snfe pathway of proletarian dirty necks
nnd loud smells, into the dnngerousjiro-
cincts of bourgeois respectnbility and a
bathtub. In time this element came into
full control and the clean shirt danger
was averted. A scientific regime was
inaugurated, nnd nn era of accurate
hair-splitting ensued that swiftly eliminated the incompetents nnd mentnl
weaklings, nnd clenred the way for putting tho movement upon a sound basis
of purified nnd sanctified "oconomic determinism and the materialist concep-
tion of history."
Citizens Having Enlisted for $1.10
Orientals, Secure Raise to
$2.25 Fer Day
THE FEDERATIONIST is advised on what ought to be good authority that the wages of Orientals
employed In the lumber Industry
along the coast have heen increased
to as high as $2.28 per 10-hour day.
Wages for the same class of labor
six months ago were $1 per day.
So many British Columbia citizens have enlisted—over 32,000,
while many more have left for the
, south—that the Oriental feels quite
secure ln seeking more wages. In
fact, from the employers' viewpoint
it is a "situation of widespread
It works out this way: If the
wages of the Oriental remain at
$2.25 a day, and one "white" man
is equal to two Orientals, then it
logically follows that the new
"prevailing rate of pay" should
be fixed at $1.50 a day for similar
classes of work, which would indeed
be "serious."
If the employers can not xeep the
difference between wages paid to
the Oriental and the "white"
wage-worker as an excuse for employing the former, it may lead to
explanations being demanded by
the "business" men, who already
keenly feel the pinch of competition
with Powell street's Kobe, and the
Fender street Hong Eong.
The Federationist Labor Day
special edition promises to bo tho
best number issued djring the
past threo years', a sort of return
to pre-war days. Tho prospects
are good for a 24-pnge paper on
Sept. 8. Mr. H. A. Lipsett, advertising manager, with the assistance of three other representatives, is making a canvass among
the business mon of New Westminster, Victoria, North Vnncouver and Greater Vancouver, and
is woll satisfied with tho mutual
co-operation givon to date.
Special articles by somo of the
best-known Labor ulllcials in Gin*
nda will bo a feature of the big
edition. Trade union secretaries
throughout the province will ns*
sist in the distribution of a large
number of extra copies nmong
wage-workers, especially . where
unorganized, and in this way
show them the .advantages to be
derived from organization.
(*_rJ3r)     <LS0 PER YEAB
President John P. White of
U.M.W. of A. Reviews
Progress Made
Bettered Conditions of Organized, Helped Entire
Working Class
Central Labor Body Unions
Agree He Is the Man
for the Position
[By John P. White]
(President   United   Mine   Workers   of
« A FPROXIMATELY   450,000   coal
*» miners affiliated with tho United
Mine Workers' organization, arc working undor contracts with the employers,
Unable This Year to Be Re*
presented at the Labor
The Purification Process.
The ■■purification process was swiftly
nnd effectively carried out. By tho
timo of the election of 1012, the objectionable nnd ill-balanced element that
had so brought the pnrty into ill-repute
B. O. Getting It's Share.
Into each lifo somo rain must fall;
Some days must be dnrk nnd dreary;
Bailway Politicians at the 'Peg. Too.
Wherov nre wo at? Do tlio rnilwny
running organizations speak for organized labor? They had better send delegates to the central labor body and do
their share of legislation work. They
would be well advised to act jointly
with the central labor body. Wo don't
want the old game of politics played by
any organization.—Winnipeg Voice.
What, In "Free" America?
Under tho Dick militia law, which
has been re-enacted as a section of the
Chamberlain 'army bill, all able-bodied
citizens of tho United States, with certain unimportant reservations, aro members of the militia ond mny bo called
upon by tho presidont to perform military duty. Potentially, therefore, we
already have conscription. By a simple
majority vote, approved by the president, congress may at any time create a
military despotism.—San Francisco Bui'
The Mitsui's aim at establishing in
Austrnlin, in every capital city, gigantic emporiums that will rival in size the
trading houses of Wnnnmnkers of New
York and such liko business houses of
the Amerienn continent. These emporiums will hnvo for their apocinl object
tho distribution of .TnpencBo products.
Australian wool is already going to
Jnplnnd, nnd will come back as finished
products in competition with tho Australian woollen mills. Australian minerals are going to Japan, and will como
back as machinery, ironmongery and
steel ware. And withal, Japanese Bhipg
will do all the transport business to and
fro, whilo tho Mitsui company'will Bee
to the Belling part of the goods as fnr
nB Australia is concerned, and tho buying part of the business as far ns Japan
is concerned.
Imperial Swelled Heads.
In common with other countries, financial cnpitalism iB tho principal promoter of imperial expansion,   The war hns
mnde Japan the dominant power in the
east, both economically and politically, i
Her export of drugs and1 chemicals and I
manufactures of metals havo gone up
by leaps and bounds.   Her exports of
woollen goods havo increased tenfold—
her average trade threefold.   She has
seized all European traffic in the caBt,
Japan does not tnlk what she will do
commercially  "after   thc  war."  sh
, does it now.   Europe's war ib Japan's
f opportunity, and she has seized it.
Trade Anti-Prohibition.
Just at present, Jnpnn is not fighting.
' She has a declaration of wnr against
i Germany it is true, but it will bo observed that she is not wasting mon and
)■ munitions.   Tho munitions are for sale,
and the men are stored up for future
' use. * This is significant.   Further, she
gotten rid of.   The real proletariat was
in full control.   A full ticket was put
up and went gaily forth to redeem thc
„...,, „..„ .„.„,„„„. movement and wash it clean of the
during its infancy, had been pretty well | muddy philosophy with which it had
been smeared by incompetent and unscientific muddlers and pretenders.   Tho
vote cast was approximately 1200 for
oach redeemer.    The purification pro-|
cess is still on, but' it is well nigh complete.   There is not much left to purify.
At lenst it would so nppenr from recent
hnpponingB.   According to tho reports
in the daily press, a single candidate is
to he run in this city at the forthcoming election.   This ono is to run for the
accommodation of "plumpers.'*     The
opportunity is thus offered the simon-
puro and faithful red, to voto his convictions, with the assurance that he is
taking no chance of being betrayed into
the hands of bougeois intriguers nnd
other enemies of the proletnrint.  If the
purification continues, ns it no doubt
will, by the time nnother election occurs, thero will not be ns much left as
there was nt the end nf thnt celebrnted
scrap betwixt the "Kilkenny cats," It
would be interesting to know just what
the feelings of that lone candidate will
be as he plays the game of politicnl
solitaire during the coming campaign.
And yet it should not' be nn unpleasant
experience to be offered up ns the Inst
sacrifice upon the altar of purification
by elimination.
is the only ally that has no prohibition
against trnding in German goods, and
whatever Germany can get out of her
own country is sold ns freely in Japan
as in any neutral country.
Getting; the Goods,
So successful hove the Japs been that',
apart from state-aided liners, tho Japanese mercantile marine has made noteworthy strides, and boats owned by individuals or smaller concerns now represent about half tho tonnage owned.   In
spite of receiving no kind of bounty,
these vessels, mostly "trnmp" ships,
hnve worked their wny into tho cargo
carrying monopoly enjoyed prior to tho
wnr by British steamers, and at present
are nmnssing enormous profits.
The Patriotism of Fat.
Several Australian shipowners have
transferred a number of their vessels to
tho Japanese flag, registering in Yokohama or Nagasaki.   These vessels are|
now coming to and from from Australin, I
under Jnpenese names, and worked by
Jnpaneso crews.    That's ono kind of
patriotism.   Australia mny be short of
ships for her own use, but tho shipowners Bee more profit under the Japanese flag, notwithstanding tho fact that
they aro leaving their own country sadly in diBtreSB at tho present timo.
Tickles the Money Hogs.
Whilo all this is going on, Japanese
commercial gontlemon are busy in Australia airing their views on what we
should do to our "glonoua'f ally of the
cast'.   One man in particular—he happens to be tho Japanoso eovoy—spending bcore the Australian chamber of
commerce, says: "Australia is young in
human history.   Wo aro here to lenrn
nny suggestions  which   may mutually
benefit the trade between Japan and
Australia."   After this chunk of wisdom, the money hogs of Austrnlin suggested that a trado commissioner should
bo nppointed in Australia, who would
exhibit samples, quote prices and bo on.
So it will be seen that the Australian
commercinl men nro so patriotic that
they are prepared to leave England badly in the bnckground unless thnt country can compete   with   Japanese   low
prices in the Australiaa market,
a largo majority the Trades und
Labor council last night endorsed Jas.
H. McVety of Vancouver us Labor's ..
profit!ntntive on tho commission to administer   the   Wokimm 's   ompensatiou
Act.    At   the  previous  meeting   the
council had before it u request from the
legislative committee   of  tho Railway
Brotherhood to endorse Mr. Crawford,
their nominee, but action wns deferred.
At this meeting the B. C. Federation of
Labor requested the endorsement of Mr.
MeVety, and u motion to merely file the
letter was defeated and thc endorsement given to McVety, who was described us Labor's most logical man for
the position, while the act itself was described as the best in the world.
No Delegate to Lahor Congress.
By filing the oulq no delegato will bo
sent to thc annual convention of the
Trades und Labor Congross of Canada,
which opens at Toronto on Sept. 25,
Musicians Exempted from Dues,
The Musicians' union paid their per
capita tux to date, but asked to bo relieved of affiliation with tho council be-1
causo of decreased membership.   Fresi
dent Stoney drew attention to the fact
that u good many of tho Musicians
union had enlisted, and it was decided
to continue the union in membership
without, exacting dues until it was again
on a paying basis.
Ulectlon of Officers.
No more nominations woro received,
and the old officers were re-elected en
bloc for another six months:' R. A,
Stoney, president; E. C. Chapman, vice-
president; \V. Yatos, general secretary,
and W. Morris, financial socretary.
G, N. R. Employees.
Secretary Yates said he had been
asked to draw the attention of the council to tho statement that the employees
in tho Great Northern railway freight
shed wero required to work on all public
holidays, even Dominion Day and Empire Day, even when thero was no
work, but ns they nro not organized it
wns felt the council could not interfere.
Thc mntter wns, however, referred to
the organization committee I
mining matters, are the result of criminal cnrelcssness; too often false economy at the expenae of safety.
"It is necessary that there be enough
coal mines developed to supply the demand for fuel in the busiest seasons.
Naturally then, experienced miners
must be assured to work all of these
mines. Demand for conl fluctuates with
the seasons, so of necessity there is
much slack time, many idle days for the
Little Alternative Employment.
'' Living in isolated camps or in
towns almost entirely dependent upon
the mining industry, it is not possible
for many of the miners to find work at
other callings in slack time. Also, it is
necessary to keep the mines open, more
economical to work part time than to
cIobc down entirely. The miners, then,
cannot know which dny they are required nt the Bhaft; work the dnys the
whistle blows and await the next hoisting dny. Two or threo days a week
the summer months is considered fair
High Oost of Living.
"Cost of living is high in tbe coal
camps and towns. Generous living is
mndo neceBsnry by arduous toil. All
amusomeuts, generally simplest, arc us
expensive in the coal mining towns as
any where on the continent.
"We are contending for a wngo commensurate with our needs; that will
compensate for the difficult, arduous
labor, the necessary hazard for working conditions that will minimize that
hazard for hours of work thnt give us
the possible maximum, each day of nature 's pure air, of God's sunshine.
"We have made progress through organized effort; we expect to extend
these benefits we have fought.for and
gained to all the toilers in the underground on thiB continent, and, with
them, to go forward to the higher, better things our civilization permits und
our lubor deserves."
Unions of the Cent Belt Are.
Making Good Progress
in Organization
Fraternal Del. James Simpson to Attend British
Trades Congress
[By L. K. Denniaon]
TOBONTO,   Out.,   July   20.—Prom
Lfthnr .n,,.*™ :*.*.*
sources it i8 learned that an
the result'of joint conferences between
representatives of both sides. -
"Practically all of these agreements
provide for nn eight-hour day, thnt is,
eight hours' work at the actual working place, exclusive of the time spent
going to or from their work from their
homes to the shafts or drifts, nnd inside to the working places, often quite
a distance from the mine opening.
Contentions of Miners.
The United Mine Workers are
contending for shorter workdays on the
ground that the distunces that have to
be travelled arc ever increasing because
of the fnct that tne older mines near
which the homes of the miners hnve
been built, are being abandoned, and
new mines opened miles away from the
localities where towns and small cities
have been builded, dependent entirely
ugon the mining industry.
"Also, with the development of improved labor-saving machinery it hns
been made possible to produce far more
coal than the market demands in the
busiest season.
Down Tools and Hold Mass-
Meetings in Battle-
Scarred Fernie
Miners Grow Weary of Delays and Make Protest
Men of England, wherefore plow
For the lords who lay yo low?
Wherefore weave with toil and care
Thc rich robes your tyrants wear!
Wherefore feed, and clothe and save,
From the cradle to the grave,
Thoso ungrateful drones who would
Drain  your  sweat;   nay,   drink  yot
A Piscatorial Joke.
For canning purposes the sockeye
stands at tho head of the salmon family. Because of the color of its flesh, it
is classed commercially as "red," The
humpback of the same family, because
of inferior quality as a food and being
of a much lighter color, is classed as
pink." This has led a facetious observer of the socialist party purification
and weeding-out process, to dub the
purifiers as "sockcyes," and the puri-
fices or cast-offs, as 'humpbacks.'-' His
justification for this classification lies in
the ultra "red" nature of the revolutionary dope peddled out' by the purifiers, alongside of which the weak pretensions and ridiculous platitudes of the
enst-nffs sink to the color level of pnle
"pink," in compnrison. Far be it from
us, however, to make tho socialist party
purifiers the butt' of a coarse piscatorial
joke. But como to think of it, a political shepherd playing solitaire for tho
purpose of catching "plumpers," bears
a striking similarity to that of a lone
fisherman trolling for sprat.
Wherefore, Bees of England, forge
Mnny a weapon, chain nnd scourge,
That, these stingless drones may spoil
Tho forced produce of your toil?
Have yc leisure, comfort, calm,
Shelter, food, love's gentle balm?
Or what is't ye buy so dear
With your pain and with your fear?
The seed ye sow another renps;
The wenlth ye find another keeps;
Tho robes yc weave nnother wears;
The arms ye forge nnother benrs;
Mow seed but let no tyrnnt reap;
Find wenlth—let no impostor heap;
Weave robes—let not too idlo wear;
Forge arms, in your dofenco to bear.
SUNDAY, July 30—Typography
cal union,
MONDAY, July 31—Electrical
Workers No. 213.
TUESDAY, Aug. 1-Cigarmak-
era; Railway Firemen,
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 2—Press
Feeders; Tile Layers; Plasterers.
THURSDAY,   Aug.   3-Garment
Workers;   Trndes   and   Labor
FRIDAY, Aug. 4—Railway Car-
men; Amal. Carpenters; Letter
Many Still Unorganized.
"However, the operators, in the conferences will point to the fact of the
competition of the non-union coal mine
owners, employers of approximately
350,000 men, who are working their
mines ten hours per dny of actual hoisting, and whose employees are known To
work as much as sixteen or eighteen
hours out of tlie twenty-four.
Have Improved Conditions.
"That the conditions of the miners
of the organized fields nre immeasurably bettor than thoso of the unorganized miners is so well recognized it requires no argument here.
"We fully realize there is much room
for improvement in the conditions of
tho workers in the mines whero the or-1
ganization is recognized, but in aar conferences with the operntors it iB ever
the fnct of the cut-throat competiti*
of the non-union mines that forms the
basis of the contentions of the employers' representatives.
"Our struggle, then, to organize tbe
miners now outside of the union is
urged by our own necessities; the recognition of the fnct that; we must nid
these to self-elevation if we would further improve our own economic conditions.
Helped the Unorganized.
'Wc realize that we have been able
to influoiICO more consideration for life
workers in the unorganized fields, have
forced the operators of mines in those
fields to grant higher wnges, bettor conditions of employment) in thi- hope of
minimizing discontent; of discouraging
organization. Also, we have been able
fo force the enactment of safety laws
thai in a measure benefitted the miners
unorganized   mines;   in   a   mensure,
ERNIE, B. C, July 25.—Last week
I foretold what was likely to happen
unless the mine operators made some effort to meet the demunds of tho miners
in thc mutter of paying the war bonus
of 10 per cent. This because of the
general ■unrest nmong tho miners
throughout tho jurisdiction of District
IS. lt happened yesterdny, and resulted
in u general scurry nmong mine officials
and federal government lnbor depart
ment representatives towards U. M. W.
of A, headquarters. A real old-time
mass meeting took place here yostcrday,
and it was some nieeting, with practically all Ihe camps nffected represented
by delegates. It wus finally agreed,
upon the recommendation of thc executive committee, thut tho mon return to
work forthwith, pending the result of a
conference between representatives of
both parties at Calgary on the 27th, As
stated last week, the offor of
influx of Chinese labor is threatened in
this city.  The railways, so somo authority adds, already hnve put on crews of
Chinese car-cleaners.    It  is  believed
that the presence of these men in tho
local labor market will have a tendency
toward a lower standard of wages wherever they obtain a foothold.   It is -understood that already a number of hotels are  negotiating for help of thit
character, giving as a reason that it is
impossible to obtain   sufficient   white
help.   With the Oriental labor question
looming up hero in the east, it looks as
though the west will have help from
eastern  law-givers—wbo  will have a
first-hand   knowledge   of  conditions—
when next the question is brought up
again   in   parliament.    Anyway,   the
white man of the east will not remain
quiet under tbis threatened invasion.
British Trades Union Congress.
Tho convention of the British Trades
and Labor congress will be held this
year in Birmingham, Eng., instead of
Glasgow, Scotland.   James Simpson, of
Typo, union No. 91, will represent the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
at this meeting.  .C. W. Bowerman, M.
P., has written to P. M. Draper that J.
E, Williams, general secretary of the
National Union of Railway Men, will
represent the British congress at the
Dominion congress, which opens in the
Toronto Labor Temple on September
25.   Mr. Williams will represent over
3,000,000 workers.
Child Slaves Must Be Fit.
Mr. Thomas Black, the secretary of
the Toronto Educational committee of
the Trades and Labor council, stated
recently that, after reading a report
prepared by Dr. Hastings, the medical
officer of health, with reference to the
physical fitness of children, bo intended
fo recommend to the Trades council
thnt tho provincial government be
asked to enact a law making it compulsory for employers to provide for the
physical examination of every child cm-
ployed in their industries, and that the
government havo regular medical examiners to certify to the fitness of a child
to enter the industries where they nre
going to bo employed.
Machinists' Union Growing.
The three MnehinisfB' unions of thia
eity are adding new members rapidly.
The number of union men in this industry is now around tho 1000 mark.
__., -..„  . „* a 5 per
cent, bonus was voted down by the miners. The mon iiro half-willing to let
their officials hnvo another try with the
operntors, but unless substantial concessions are made, thero will bo only one
alternative for the miners—to strike.
They are Bick and tired of rag-chewing.
They want action nnd fulfilment of implied promises mado them.
Plumbers Making Progress,
The   new   ngreement   between   the
Plumbers' and Stcumfittcrs' unions and
tho bosses is having tho effect of add-
ing new members to tho roll.
Newspaper Scale Increased.
Starting from July I, the newspaper
scale of Toronto has been increased $1
per week. The hours nnd conditions remain the same. The apprentices nlBo
receive more recognition, attendance nt
tho Technical school being compulsory,
and on office time. The new ngreemont
runs for one year, nnd will end with
the arbitration agreement.
Raise for Bailway Carmen.
The Canadian Northern railway hns
signed up with the Brotherhood of^Railway Cnrmen of Americn, About 500
men nre involved in th^ agreement,
which is for one year. Tho raise (s
about 10 per cent, and nffects workers
from Port Arthur enst.
FERNIE, July 20.—During tho night
the miners got thinking matters ovor.
The majority horo determined to force
the issue hy refusing to return to work
this morning. All sorts of diro calamities are threatened, but the miners nre
resolute.   There is even some doubt as [hard nt it those daya.
to whether the mine operators will meet ■ "■}*1' - -•—•'--
1    miners' officers in any1 further c;
ferencesif tho
miners stay on strike. Thc
of government "fair wnge"
officers and the penalty provisions of
Ihe Industrial Disputes Ac) huve no
terrors for the exasperated miners.
What thoy want now is a definite understanding with the mi no owners.
Enjoyable Trip to Bowen Island By the
Postmen and Friends,
About, 201) letter carriers and friends
left the city for Bowen  island on the
only, inasmuch us these miners could   Jjoamor Bowena on July 22 to celebrate
n..u, ,1 i „.,p * ..t>  i. i    "ie   postponed    second    nmvn.il   «;,,..!..
only demand enforcement of such laws
as individuals, und then accept consequences, generally Bummary dismissal
from tho job.
Insanitary Conditions.
"In the mines where the workers nre
organized we can still point to preventable, dangerous and insanitary conditions, but they are much better thnn he-
fore the advent of the U. M. W. of A.
There are also natural conditions that
demand a high degree of skill, activity, ]
endurance nnd experience to bring satin
factory results in production of conl.
"The reward for this efficiency, even
in thc organized conl fields, for the
miner, is a bare living; a wago barely
adequate to meet the cost of the necessities for existence. Needless to sny
that, when; tho miners are not protected
by an economic organization the power
of which is respected, the protection is
less nml the remuneration is even below
the point of subsistence.
Carelessness Causes Accidents.
"It has been stated on eminent authority that an explosion in the mines
today is a crime that should be brought
homo to those who have omitted to apply the known preventatives ngninst
snch disasters. Yet every few months
we are horrified by report's of mine disasters that, nccording   to   experts on
postponed second annual picnic.
Good weather und music by tho post
office orchestra contributed towards a
most enjoyable trip. Tho sports pro-
gramme took up most of the time on
tho island, some very interesting events
taking place. Sub-station C ngnin
proved successful nt tug-of-wnr, winning in two straight pulls from the main
post office. A complete list of sport results follow:
120 yurds dash—1, A. Tole; 2, F.
Bean; 3, N. Harlow. 440 yards open—
1, J, Slight; 2, A. Tole; 3, — Coehrnn.
100 yards, ladies—1. Miss Greeley; 2,
Mrs. Wollburnj 3, Mrs. Hnlfnights. Egg
nnd spoon (carriers' wives)—1, Mrs.
Holland; 2, Mrs. P, IT. Evans. Potato
race (committee)—1, W. Derrick; 2, J.
Griffiths. Girls, 8 to 14 years—1, M.
Wnterfl- 2. S. Waters; 8, O, McRn«
Boys, 8 to 14 years—1, R. Barnes; 2, L.
White; 3, J. Barnes. Girls, under 8
years—1, E. Dowd; 2, E. Dowd; 3, L.
Ford. Bovs, under 8 years—1, 1).
Barnes; 2, J. Willinais; 3, S. Wellborn.
Tug-of-war, Station 0 team—Messrs. R.
Kirkwood, Mi McRae. p. Hi Evans. F.
Bonn, J, HirioJ, R. Wight. C. Hockridgo,
F. Knowles (capt.) Mr. T. Cullen acteo*
as judge. E. Manders assisted by J.
McL. Keist ns starters. Considerable
credit is due to the committee for tho
able manner in whieh the arrangements
wero carried out. F, K.
Labor Day in Toronto.
The general Lnhor Day committeo is
-1 -* it those days. They are out
mvii a circular asking the co-operation
of the manufacturers in the way of providing floats. Gen. Logic, commnndnnt
nt Camp Borden, where somo 31,000 soldiers are encamped, hns written saying
that all union men will be given pnsseB
in order to parade with their organizations. Mayor Church has already signified liis willingness to help mnke Labor's eelebrntion ns success.
Carpenters Pushing Organization.
The district council of carpenters has
named a committee tn further orgnnization  nmong non-union   men,   and   aro
meeting with grntifying success.
Tt will bo recalled by mnny how an
ngent of the Chicago police department'
in 1880, threw a bomb info n sound of
police near Haymarket square, in that
city, in order to make out n case against
ihe so-called anarchists. During the recent "preparedness" parade in Snn
FrnnclfiOO, a bomb was exploded in tho
street, resulting in the denth of a number of people nnd the injuring of many
more. Of course, responsibility for tho
dastardly nffair is laid at tho door of
Imaginary anarchists, and tho dragnet
is being zcnlously worked for tho purpose of rounding up suitable human material upon which the crime may bo
fastened, Arrests hnve already been
made, and several working men nmong
the members of the T. W. W. nnd others,
have been selected as objects of suspicion by the detectives nnd police. As
rewards amounting to tho sum of
$14,000 have been offered for the nrrcst
nnd conviction of the culprits, it is a ■
matter of certainty that some ono or
more persons will pny the penalty, irre-
gardlcss of whether they hnd anything
to do with the nffair or not. For half
that money, nny up-to-date detective
bnrenu mny be trusted to fnsten erimo
upon nny one thnt mny be selected for
the purpose. Somehow or other, this
Snn Francisco affair bears n striking
resemblnnce to thnt of the Chicago
Haymarket of thirty years ago. PAGE TWO
96 Bnnclui ln Omada
A general banking business trans.
acted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orden.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
IB. C.
Published ever;
Assets $08,000,000
DopoBlU 48,000,000
Household Banking
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be n great convenience. The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Interest is
paid on these accounts twice a
Paid ap eiplvl.
Reserve (and   ...
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts,
very Friday morning by Ut* B. O.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce:   Boom 217, Labor Ttmple
Tel. Exchange Seymoar 7406
Subscription:   91.60 per year; In Vancouver
City, |2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
New Westminster W. Y#teB, Box 1021
Prince Rupert W, E. Denning, Box 531
Victoria A. 8. WoIIb, Box 1538
"Unity of Labor: the Hope of tbe World'
TODAY JULY 28, 1010
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
8:46, 7:20, »:16     Season's Prices:
Matinea,   16c;   Evening!,   16c,   26c.
Increaie Your Husband's
Every woman ean lncreaae her has-
band's salary; all she bas to do le to
use good judgment when purchasing
anything for the home. Every time yoa
save money on a piece of furniture
you are that muoh better off. We
gladly Invite yon to come ln and in*
epect same.   Oaeh or easy payments.
Hastings Furniture Coltd
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doora
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Pair. 447
1 Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three years; improve*
ments to the extent of $5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least five acres.
For further information apply to
0\V THAT the provincinl flection
slated for thc month of September, und the voto of tho men in
the trenches is to he taken, it seems
that the man in khaki is not to be left
altogether    without
friends, even  after
tho   war   ond
Everybody knows of
v        tho      nice      little
Bchcmc    of    the    Conservatives     to
bedeck thc brow of the returned sol
dier with the diadem of land ownership
upon his triumphant roturn from the
fluid of buttle.   Once in proud posses
sion of a generous acreage of the fertile
soil of British Columbia, and thoroughly
inured to the joys attendant upon the
gathering of bounteous harvests, our re
turned soldier will, no doubt, be thrilled with an extra thrill of patriotic satisfaction at having been privileged to
"do his bit" for "democracy and the
rights of small nations."   The fact that
it is almost impossible for even an expert 'agriculturist to keep his financial
nose above water, in sections of country that nre in evory way more favorably qualified and situated than is this
province, need not of necessity be called
to his attention.   He will find out all
about it himself, later on, as he harvests
his crop of experience    By the wny
that is the only assured crop, under the
conditions of soil and climate prevailing
in -British Columbia, but it is not one
from which large cash revenues may be
derived.    Probably the moBt valuable
attribute   of   British   Columbia   land,
from an agricultural standpoint, lies in
tho fact that as it mostly stands upon
edge both sides of it may be cultivaed.
*       *       *
From tho Liberal aide of the political
house' of his masters, the soldier may
also behold the rainbow of promise assuring him of a haven of snfety after
tho storm  of war shnll have ceased.
This is convincingly, set forth in the
editorial columns of the "valued" Sun
n its issue of July 24.   It is there boldly proclaimed in bIo*k-fnced type that
should the "opposition" be returned to
power, it will be prepared to "offer positions in tho civil service to nil returned
soldiers irrespective of their party :-ffl-
lintions, who desire to enter it, and are i
fit to perform the dutios."  Mr. BrewS'
ter haa also declnred upon behalf of
the Liberal party that it "will adopt a
vigorous policy to onsuro that all returned soldiers nre given overy assistance nocessary to enable them to pursue whatever avocation they aro individually suited for and desire fo follow
after so gallantly serving the empire at
the front."       •
♦ * *
With the civil service open to him
upon the one hand, and n magnificent
land policy at his disposal upon the
other, the returned warrior cannot lose,
no matter how hard he might try. If
the forthcoming election bears no other
significance to him, it will at any rate,
show him who are his friends, that is at
least as far as promise goes. Were no
election iri sight it is a safe bet that he
wouldn 't have a friend in either camp
sufficiently interested in his welfare to
go to the trouble of even making a promise. But as it is he seems to be most
happily situnto'd. Vote as he may he
cannot lose. He will either have a government job or a plantation. Were we
to offer advice it would bo to take the
former, if possible. Any sort of a government ;job would be a closor approach
to a sinecure, than fnrming in British
Columbia. Of course, the securing of a
billet in the civil service depends upon
flfnesSj but the saving'feature of it is
that anybody is fit to hold a government job in this province, if they enn
get it.
* * *
As more than 30,000 mon have already enlisted from this province, and
the' civil service could not' provide
places for moro thnn a tenth of that
number, evon were it cleared entirely of
present incumbents, it may be readily
seen how easy it will be for Mr. Brewster to keep his promise to the soldierfl.
But thon come to think of it, political
promises are not mado to bo kept, no
matter which one of the old parties
makes them. Thoy are put out for the
purpose of catching voteB.   A sort of
them up with matters that are really
none of their business. Time spent in
dealing with questions that relate solely to tricks and schemes that property
owners and business people work upon
each other, is that much time wasted
to the Labor movement. To any one at
all familiar with the ethics of capitalist
property and business, it is not a matter of wonder that all sorts of tricks
and swindles are matters of every day
occurrence, but that the vast majority
of such enterprises hnve any bearing,
either one way or another, upon the
welfare of workers, is not always recognized.
# * *
As an instance in point, an article by
Basil M. Manly is just now going the
rounds of the Labor pross, denliilg with
alleged tax frauds against the United
Statos. Mr. Manly states that more
than "three hundred million dollars of
your eojntry's revenues were stolen
last year through income tax frauds and
evasions, involving thousands of wealthy citizens and thousands of the most
profitable American corporations."
When that sort of stuff appears in the
columns of Labor papers the statement
seems to bo made to working people,
and the inference to bo drawn is that
the workors havo experienced some loss
thereby that would have been avoided
had such tax frauds not been committed. If requires but little examination
into the matter to disclose the fact that
the perpetration of such frauds, no matter how great their extent, has no bearing, either beneficial or othorwise, upon
tho material interests of the working
class.    The workers have suffered no
one-third of the entire working force.
A statement has just been issued by the
women informing the government that
they can now provide 300,000 more women workers, thus relieving all of the
men for duty at the front. As it is
claimed that each of these feminine
munitions workers hundles 2000 shells
per dny, each weighing 14 lbs., it would
seem that they should be in the
trenches inBtead of the men. Very few
men are able to throw 14 tons of hand
grenades at the enemy per day.
loss in consequence of such practices,
nor would they hnve gained anything
had such frauds not been committed.
The burden upon them would have been
the same in either case. If n section of
the property owning clnss has succeeded
in escaping taxation through making
false returns or otherwise, it only moans
that other property owners have bci...
compelled to mnke up the shortage. To
the man without taxable property it
made no difference. The working clasB,
as a class, is without property, therefore it is none of its business how mnny
property owners succeed in playing low-
down tricks upon other members of
their tribe, by tax-dodging or other cuts
little bnsincsB capers.
*   s   *       *
All wealth, expressed in terms of exchange valuo/is produced by labor.   All
thnt the workers get out of it is their
keep.    Out  of  the remainder of the
wealth produced, all of tho balance of
the expense incidental to the thieving
process must bo paid.   A part, of that
constitutes what is termed taxes.   If nil
taxes  could  be cut  out, the  masters
would be that much to the good.   Tho
veriest tyro should be ablo to see that
the workers would not be n penny better off, howover.       If a Rockefeller
evades his taxes he merely pilfers to
that extent from tho balance  of his
profit-hungry tribe.   It would be equivalent to ono of a band of robbers cheating his fellows in tho 'division of the
swag,   gained   through    a   successful
foray.   It surely would not be up to
thoso who had been robbod, to mako a
kick about tho division of the plundor.
Labor will have quite enough'to attend
fo by minding its own business, nnd not
wnsting timo over the petty pilfering
tricks that their masters play upon each
other.   Tho columns of Labor journals
can be p-at to better use than carrying
such junk.
In speaking of, infantile paralysis,
Health CommiBBioner Emerson of New-
York, said to a reporter of tho Call: "I
do not know of a single caso in a well-
to-do family." There is no logical reason why a case should be found there.
The Call says, "It is a poverty disease," and the Call is correct as far aa
it goes, but it does not go far enough.
Poverty, as it is known in our duy, ib
the clnld of slavery. If infantile paralysis is duo to poverty and poverty is n
result of slavery, then this affliction,
that is not found in the fumilios of the
"well-to-do" may properly be termed a
slave epidemic or disease. It ia an ob
jectionablo by-product of sluvory. It it
thorofore quito proper that it should bo
confined to the families of tlio "poorer
the slaves themselves.
FRIDAY. JULY 28, 1914
Labor Government to Compel Pay-tribts to Help
Pay War Debt
No Advance in Prices to
Pass the Burden On to
According to a writer in tho Economic World, the workerB in tho mountain
districts of Peru are onabled to work
nine shifts of nino of ten hours each in
tt week, This is made possible through
"tho remarkablo properties of tho
loaves of tho coeon plant, which the native delights in chewing, in tho wny of
making sleep unnecessary and of sustaining the nervous energy in tho body,
without causing subsequent depression
or mnking it necessnry to Bleep off later
the hours that have beon passed in' abnormal wakefulness." We suggest that
the B. C. Sugar Refining Co. and similar
eleemosynary institutions of thiB province, import a few bales of these leaves
for the purpose of encouraging industrial zeal and diligence upon tho pnrt
of their employees. In these dnys of
industrial efficiency no opportunity of
this sort should bo overlooked. I
Straws nre snid to "show which wny
the wind blows." From the Labour
Lender we glean thnt the anti-war socialists of Germany aro not in such'
hopoiess minority as we have beon led
to beliove, through tho mouthings of
the pro-war lendors and members of thi
reichstag. At the general meeting of
the branches of the pnrty in Berlin recently, on every motion the "official"
point of view, wob overwhelmingly defeated. In the placo of Herr Eugen
Enst, a pro-war socialist, Horr Adolf
Hoffman, one of the most courageous opponents of the war in thc Prussian diet,
was elected chairman by 307 votes to
67. Tho retiring secretnry and treaaurer, both of whom had supported tho
"majority" in the reichstag, were not
re-elected. It was unanimously agreed
to organize a demonstration in sympathy with Dr. Karl Liebknecht, It is
evident thore will bo a new and very
real socialism in Germany after this
war madness has run its course. Sonu
thing quito different from that which
fell for the military schemes of the
Kaiser and Junkerdom.
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., June 15— (Special
to Tho Federationist.)—Tho Australian Labor federal government has
introduced a bill into parliament, under
which it is proposed to take 50 per cent.
of all profits on industry in Australia
for war purposes. It will be collected
on all prolils made after .Tune 30, 1915,
so there will be a full year's contribution to lie collected almost instantly.
For the purpose of reckoning there is to
bo a pre-war standard, a war-standard,
and a statutory percentage. Tho prewar standard of profits is taken aB the
amount of profit urising from the business on the average of any two of tho
last three pre-war trade years. The percentage standard is taken to be an
amount equal to tho statutory percentage on the capital of the business as
existing at the end of he last pre^yar
trado year. In special cases tho statutory percentage is to be 0 per cent, with
a business carried on or owned by a
company or other corporate body, and 7
per cent, in tho case of other businesses,
subject to increase. ■
A Few Exceptions,
The only oncB not affected aro municipal businesses or any business under
govornhient control, or religious or charitable institutions, or public educational
Makes Pay-triots Howl.
Needless to say the moneyed intorests ure up'in arms against the government for making an attack on their;
wealth, but they will receive little sym-'
pathy from outsiders, as most people In
Australia aro of tho opinion that capital should mnke its proper contribution
towards the war.
Provision is mado to prevent companies and businesses advancing their profits to such an extent that tho war profit will be paid out of over-increased
profits so as to minimize their loss of
profits. In this direction there is the
safeguard in tlie act allowing companies to make a certain percentage of
profit only.
At all events this bill will tost tho
patriotism of tho money hogs in Australia.
•       Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
»■   Accept no substitute for any Koyal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
Nicu flvo-roum bungnlow in Point
Grey, near Mngeo station. Fully modern, good furnnco, nicu fireplace; it in
» high location overlooking the water
nnd surrounding eountry; there Ib n
clear deed and easy tonus cun bo had.
Full price (1700.
Oood live-room houBo on a good streot
anil only ono block lo two em* lines; It
iiih u lull basement, good (urnaoe mid
laundry trays; It is In good condition!
lull prico only |1350. Smnll rush
payment required. Balanco vory easy
terms.   Lot us show you this placo.
Wo have several extremely good
huys In South Vancouver lots. Full
price only 950 oach.
ilrst and third Thursdays. Executive
board; James H, McVety, president; R, P.
Pettlpleoe, vice-president; Helena Gutteridge, gonoral secretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. H, Cotterill,
statistician; serjeant-at-arms. John Bully; A,
J, Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustors.
Meets   second   Monday  Id  tbe  month.
President, J. McKinnon; seroetary,   R.   H.
Neelands, P. O. Box 66.	
ilsTENDERS' LOCAL No. 878.—Offlce,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Moeta firat
Sunday of each month. President, James
Campbell; financial secretary, H. Davis, Boi
'"'     Jione, Bey. 4752; recording secretary,
lottlshaw, Globe Hotel, Main atrecL
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Moots 2nd and 4th Tuesdays In tho month,
room- 205, Labor Temple. President, L. E.
Herrltt; secrotary, 8. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
In annual convention In January.   Executive officers, 1016-17: President, Jas. H. Mc-
Vfltv-    vice-presidents — Vancouver,    John
™   Morrison";  Victoria,   C.   Siverts;
*   *"   ~ Prin-M Rupert,
Brooks, _. „.„„„     ,(Ul,
■New^ Westminster, W. Yatoi
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W, Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nost Valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, P.
0. Box 1538, Victoria, B. C.
—Meets every lut and Srd Tuesday,
8 p.m., Room 307. Preaident, F, Dickie;
corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
58; financial secretary, W. J, Pipea; business
sgent, W. 8. Dagnall Roorn^ 81ft
VICTORIA TRADES .AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meets first and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
p. m. President, G. Taylor; secrotary, F.
HoldridBe^ Box 802, Victoria, B. C.
 "wiSTMnFaniB ~
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of each montb at 1:80
p.m.    Secretary, F, W. Jameson, Box 4B6.
What is capitalism?
~   skin-game   played   upon   the
As ti rosult of the recent election,
there nre now twenty-four women in
the Fininsh. diet. This is 12 per cent,
of the entire membership.   ,
political birdlime, ns it were.
THE LABOB press is being favored,
from various sources, with a voluminous amount of matter bearing
upon the condition of the workers and
tho treatmont thnt is being accorded
them at the hands
PILFERING of thoir  employers
FROM direct',   ns   well   aB
EAOH OTHER, through governmental channels nad activities. Much of this information is,
of inestimable vnluo, especially that j
which comes through the medium of the
Commission on Industrial Relations.
But along with this stuff thnt has an
especial bearing upon tho affairs of the
workers, there comes a moss of trash
that is not only of no value to thc
forces of labor, but is positively harm-
ful for the reason that it tends to divert
tho attention of working people away,
from thoir own class affairs and mixes I
As the wage-earners never have any
ownership or control over the products
of their labor, how can they have any
quarrel with the omployor over their
shnro of. themf
Modern civilisation is a huge cauldron in which the flesh, blood, bone nnd
muscle of the working class is cooked
into a hideous stew called profit. The
odor arising from this horrible cauldron
is a stench in the nostrils of MAN, but
sweet-smelling incense in the nostrils of
Depond upon it this rage for trade
will destroy itself. Tou and I will not
live to see it, but tho time will come
when thero will bo nn ond to it, Trado
is like gambling. If a Svholo company
aro gomostcrs, piny must cease, because
there is nothing to he' won. When all
nations are traders there is nothing to
bo gained by trnde, and it will stop
where it has been brought to tho high
est perfection.—J)r. Johnson.
Capital is tho most terrible scourge
of humanity. It fattens on the misery
of tho poor, tho degradation of the
worker and the brutalizing toil of his
wife ond children. Just as capital
grows, so grows also pauperism, that
millstone around tho neck of civilization; the revolting cruelties .of our factory system; the squalor of great cities,
and the presenco of deep poverty seateo
hnrd by the gate of onormous wenlth.—
Karl Marx.
During nn address in tho Russian
Duma, a socialist deputy took occasion
to sny that, "the real object/of the Entente powers is not the liberation of
Europe from Prussinn militarism, but
the carrying out of policies of imperial
ism and nnnexntinn of territory." And
there nro peoplo not n fow who nro wondering if the speaker was very far
from the truth, whon he mndo the assertion. Time alono will toll, and that is
the only authority thnt will carry conviction to most of ub.
[By Emnnuel Julius]
In politics, it's tho cross of socialism
versus the double-cross of capitalism.
Once the cogs in thc machine of militarism begin to think, they will become
Rent, interest nnd profit—the greatest shell gnme invented in the hisfory
of humanity.
The patriots are willing to do everything for their country — except fight
and pay tho bills.
That it is possible for a class to grow
rich out of war is proof positive that
civilization is a grim jest.
We can't mnke you free. AH we can
do is to mnke you want to bo free. Tou
must do the deed yourself.
How tho gods muBt make merry when
they see our capitalist masters telling^
the workers not to waste!
Almost ns bad us butchered humanity
is the butchering of humanitarian ideas
as the result of constant warfare.
If you are waiting for tho capitalists
to- save you from economic oppression
you mny us well roll ovor on your other
The people who think thoy can revolutionize society by instituting petty
reforms arc trying to drivo n wedge
with a tack hammer.
If wars hud to bo'fought C. O. D.,
there wouldn't be nny, The sonile ras-
cnls who provoke wars got long credit,
leaving tho bills for future generations.
In this war, the rulers of all Innds
have repudiated the principle thnt human lifo is precious. Very well, After
thiB war, the workors will repudiate all
war debts.
Q.   Whut is a capitalist?
A.   A parasite.
Q.   What work does he do?
A.   None that could bo mentioned in
polito society.
(J.   What docs the worker worship?
A.   A job; tho process by which ho
delivers his hide to the capitalist,
(-J.   What blessing does ho receive in
A.   The privilege of gnawing his own
bones, which is termed wnges.
Q.   What is his salary?
A.   Bones with a littlo fat on them.
Q.   What is n politician?
A.   A capper for tho skin-game;  a
hot air pump that initkos the worker believe himself prosperous oven with but
n very smnll bono to gnnw, nnd fnt, although his belt be buckled in the lust
hole and his ribs sun-bleached.
Q.   What is a sky-pilot?
A.   Another cupper, a  dispenser ot
heavenly   soporifics   to   workers,   and
conscience-soothing plasters to capitalists, which serves the happy double purpose Of making tho worker content with
his bones, by showing him how much
easier it is for a rich mnn to enter the
torrid zone than  for a noodle to go
through a camel's eye, and of developing   callouses   upon   tho   capitalist's
brains that appear to have come from
packing   the   load   of   responsibility
pluced upon him by thc ruler of the universe.
Q.   Whnt is nn injunction?
A,   A solar ploxuB swnt occasionally
delivered to the worker who becomos
afflicted with a horrible diseaso culled
hankering for meat on his bones.   Its
purpose is to prevont tho spread of tho
contagion among his fellow bone-gnaw-
ers who nre still lienlthy, suae and docile,
Q. Why is tho Amerienn working-
man cnllod n "sovereign"?
A. BecnuBO, having n noose (the
franchise) with which ho might strangle
tho capitalists, to whom he is compelled
to surrondor his hido, ho has no better
sense thnn to use it to shut off his own
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, tho Northwest Territories and
In a portion of tbe Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more tlinn 2,560 acres will be leaaed to one
Applications for leaso must bo made by the
applicant in person to the Asent or Sub-Agent
of the dUtrlct In which the rights applied
for aro situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in un surveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be slaked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
fee- of $5, whloh will be refunded If the
rights applied for are nm available but not
otherwise A royalty shall be pain on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five centa per ton, .
The porson operating tbe mine aball furnish the Agent with sworn returna accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. Tf
tho coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least once
a year.
The leaso will Inclnde the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered nocessary for the working
of the mine at the rate of 110 an acre.
For full Information application afconM t»
made to tho Seeretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or 8nb-
Agent of Dominion Landa.
* W. H. CORY.
Dopnty Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80680
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third Mon*
day of each month, Room 802, Labor Temple,
8 p.in,   President, A. Sykes; socretary, Chas.
G. Austin, 782 Seventh avenue east,	
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meets
flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue west;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
PACIFIC—Meets at 487 Gore avonue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley,  business
meeta room 205, Labor Temple, every
Monday. 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall,
1182    Powell   street:    recordlnff    aa*r-nt~■
._     .   street;    recording    seeretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple: flnanolal secretary  and   business   agent,   E.   "   "
Room 207. Lahor Temple.	
RociAtion, Local 98-52.    Office flnd hall.
10 Powell  street.    ""*"   "
n.m,    Oen. Tlinnin
Nixon, secretnry.
H.  Morrison,
Meets every Thursdny 8
business agent; Thomaa
and fourth Fridays at 8 p.m.   President.
J. Melvor; rocordlng secretary, J. Brookes;
flnanclal secretary, J. H, McVety.
Labor Temple Preaa    Vancouver, B. 0.
Meets socond and fourth Thursdays, Labor
Temple. 8 p.m. President, George Anderson,
2310 Prineo Edward street; phone Fairmont
1720-0. Secretary. Stanley Tiller, 312 Eighteenth avenue went; phone Fnirmont 763L.
TORS' UNION, Local 848., I. A. T.
S. E. k M. P. M. 0.—Meets flrst Sunday of
each- month, Room 204, Labor Temple.
President, J. C. Lnchance; business agent, W.
E. McCartney; flnnncinl nnd corresponding
secretary, H. 0. Roddnn. P. 0. Box 345.
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity—
Branch meets second nnd fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Lnbor Temple. President, Ray
McDougn.11, 001 Seventh nvenue west; flnnncinl secretary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512  Yew street;   phone  Bayvlew 2698L.
dny, 8 p.m., Room 204. President, W. Bell,
2220 Vino street: sncretnry-treasnrer, E.
Wnterninn, 1167 Georgia street; recording
seoretary, W. Shannon, 1789—28th avenne
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:80 and 8 p.m. President, W.
If. Cottrell: recording socretary, Jas. E. Griffin, 160 Twenty-flfth avenuo east; financial
secretary and business agent, Fred 'A.
Hoover, 2409 Olark drive.  	
JOURNEYMEN     TAILORS' __-.     —
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetinga
held flrst Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Gntteridge; rocordlng sec, C. Mc-
*>-—** " 508; flnnncial secrotary, H,
'   Box  503.
Donald,   Box'"
Nordlnnd. P. 0.
Meets last Sunday of ench month at 2
p.m. President, Wm. H. Youhill; vice-president, W. K. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R,
H. Neelands, F. 0. Box 66.
A news despntch says that 150,000
women aro working in tho munitions
fnctories of France.    Thoy constitute | ^.-^"rFmSc^BuK.
A vacation, rightly enjoyed, is more
than a relief from daily work; it is
freedom from the curse of competition
with othor men, from the nntagonisms
thnt go with occupations ob good will
goes with a business, from codes of hypocritical morals snturatcd with self-interest, from tho deadly ancient Btruggle
for survival, from ambition and from
fear, from thc mean motives which, now
and ngnin, tako control of tho daily
life. Bnck we go, if wo nre lucky, to
cleaner, simpler thingB, to worship tho
gods of earth, air nnd wnter. Theso
nre tho mnkers of our first homo, for
which many a modern man is homesick
all his life, without ever knowing whut
tho mutter is with him. Blessed aro tho
lazy hours whon ono lies on his back in
the gniBB, or in a canoe drifting down
■a hnlf-sleeping river, and thence, hopelessly inefficient, considers the universe
and, its ways. Thon the clangor of modern lifo sinks to so low a murmur that
tho droning inBectB in tho shrubbery
along tho banks enn out-buzz it. Whnt
is the civilization of cities at such
times! Why lonrn all over again, ob
one always dooB, to hurry, fight and
Ho who docs mo once, shame on him;
lie who does me twice, shame on mo."
"Every roso may hnvo its thorn, but
that fact shouldn't prejudice us ngninst
tho swcot things of lifo."
"Some peoplo go on the theory thnt
tho Lord helps those who help themselves to what ttowsn't belong to them."
A lone bandit is Baid to have hold up
fivo stage loads of tourists entering
tho Yosomite Valley, California, recently and gathered about $400, as a reward
for his initiative and enterprise .Among
those who contributed were a number
of officials of the Southern Pacific Railway, but lof it be said to their credit,
that thoy wero not acting in an official
capacity whon such contribution wns
levied. Every resident of Cnlifornin
will understand the matter.
,»-ir - °f America -Oxr
Voto against prohibition! Demand personal liberty In choosing what you will drink.
Aak for this Label whan purchasing Beer,
AU or Porter, as a guarantee that tt is Union Made. This la onr Label
What do Legislators Think of
The B.C. Prohibition Act
Mr. H. C. Brewster (Liberal Leader)
"I am surprised we are not asked to pass
an Act that will actually prohibit.
"There are many features of this legislation that are not in the best interests of our
people. As an example, I refer to the burden of proof which should not be on the accused as in this Act, because this is a wrong
and un-British principle."
Mr. Parker Williams (Socialist)
"I am willing to vote for prohibition that
jug-handled imitation such as the present
"I am surprised to hear the Prohibitionists are satisfied with the terms of an Act
which permits any man to import liquor into
the province by wholesale."
Mr. H. B. Thomson (Conservative)
"There is nothing like Prohibition in the
bill. It will not diminish the consumption
of alcoholic beverages, but will increase the
purchase of strong liquor.
"It's very name is counterfeit, and to the
elector who may desire a real prohibitory
measure it is a 'gold brick' of the most pronounced type."
Every elector should read the Prohibition
Act for himself, and learn why members of
the Legislature spoke as above.
Copies of the Act can be secured on application to Merchants' Protective Association, Room 24, Canada Life-Bldg., Vancouver. FRIDAY... JULY 28, 1816
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
"The BeeriWithout a Peer"
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
is good—be temperate in
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
a food and drink in
one for sale at all
- Dealers
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
__ THE BEEf"I"\gC
Features Reviewed By President B. C. Federation
of Labor
Sixth of Series Outlining Salient Provisions of New
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
is good for nil men; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for somo
men. The total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of Ian, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what' he neither likes or chooses by forco of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
[By Jas. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor)
* has explained the operation of the
compcimation act whon accidents havo
occurred, and while primarily legislation of this kind is intonded to place the
burden of workmen injured in employment on tho industry in which they aro
employed, many governments, including
that of this province, have charged the
workmen 'a compensation boards with
the duty of carrying on an educational
campaign and enforcing rules for the
prevention of accidents. The boards are
placed in a particularly fortunate position in this connection, because the data
scciirod when tho accident's nre reported, always gives the cause of the accidents and the frequency of injuries received on a particular machine or operation, directs the attention of the board
to the necessity of an investigation,
with a chance of safeguarding the workmen.
Costly Accidents Oause Changes.
The majority of workmen are of the
opinion that tho only wa^ to induce
employers to introduce safety appliances
in factories, mines and mills is to make
every accident ns costly as possible, and
thus draw the attention of those high
in authority to the dangerous practices
permitted by those actually in charge,
in an effort to make a good showing,
by permitting, and in many cases inducing the workmen, by flattering them on
their skill, to tnke chances that are
sure to result in accident. This view
mny not bo popular, but the fact remains that in much states and provinces
ns have passed progressive cnmpeiifln-
tion acts, and employers liability acts,
carrying heavy penalties, in thoso states
and provinces will be found the most
rigorous rules, in mnny casps prepared
by the safety experts of lnrge employers, for the prevention of accidents.
Another Viewpoint.
In tho Stnte of Wisconsin the employers, workmen and board hold another
view. There tho "labor laws/' as the
Inws for the protection of workmen aro
generally called in the United States,
we're for many years administered by a
labor commissioner, now chairman of
he Industrial Insuranco commission, the
functions of the commission being tho
same ns the compensntion bonrds in
Oanadn. Speaking of tho prevention of
accidents, Mr. Bnck, chairman, told the
B. C. investigating committee that under the old arrangement of enforcing
safety rules by the labor commissioner,
thnt the prosecutions of employers nver-
nged one overv dny of the year—and
the number of accidents continued to
increase. The Wisconsin officials enmc
tn the conclusion thnt tho fining of employers nnd workmen served only to embitter both against the lnws nnd also
to take the monev from the families of
the workmen. The first step wns the
combining of tho duties of tho labor
"■nm mission or with those of the industrial insurance commission. Noxt, the
employers and lnbor orgnnizntions were
requested to appoint representatives on
nn ndvisory committee to make safety
rules, the safety export of tho commission noting as chnirmnn.
Eliminated Prejudice.
A good story is told of one of the earlier meetings of one of tho ndvisory
enmmittocs. It nppenrs thnt the committee hnd been discussing n pronnsed
rule requiring safetv clutches to bo
placed on elevators and n dtspnto arose
as tn whether they should be placed 15
25 feet npnrt. On the committee
was a large employer—he employed n
Inrtje number of workmen, nnd wns
physically lnrge—weighing nbout 250
pounds, This mnn hnd nlwnvs been opposed to any safety rules—he believed
thnt the employer should be the sole
judge of whnt should be done in his
own shops nnd factories, nnd he only
nttendod the meetings because the Em-
plovers' Assncintion hnd elected him.
After tho discussion had lasted for two
or three hours on the merits of tho dis-
tntiers between dutches, the lnrjje mnn
said: "If ye/ii nre gning to drop me in
nn elevator, fifteen foot will be sufficient," The argument wns settled, nnd
tliis employer became from thnt date
one of the most enthusiastic nnd oner-
gotic promoters of greater safetv in the
fnctories and set an examplein his own
by spending *70n0  in   one  year for
Established 1904
We operate our own distillery
at New Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making are propared with
groat care from the best selected
grains that money can buy.
Don't forget when ordering
from your grocer to ask for tho
B. O. article.
Vinegar Works
Telephone High. 286
guards, alterations and general safety
System Worked Well.
Rules adopted by these committees,
are naturally tho bedt possible, for the
reason that the practical judgment o'f
the workmen, the objections of the employers and the theories nnd statistics
of the representative of the commission
aro all brought together and once an
ngreement is arrived at, all concerned
know the reasons and usually work to
have the rules accepted and lived up to
by their fellow members. That' thia is
bo is borne out by the fnct 'that the
commission requires a mass meeting of
employers, workmen and citizens generally to be called to consider the rules
pnssed by the advisory committees, and
although these meotings are advertised
in the daily papers, every one so far
has resulted in there being no audience.
Same System ln B. O.
The Wisconsin system has been explained at somo length becnuso it is the
plan recommended by the investigating
committee, and adopted by the government in the new net. Section 51 deals
with this subject, and gives the board
all the power necessary to fully corry
out tho scheme already referred to. If
1,   Tho board shall have power—
(a) To investigate from time to time
employments nnd places of employment
within the province, and determino
whnt suitable safety devices or other
reasonable means or requirements for
the prevention of accidents shall be
adopted or followed in nny or all employments or plfices of employment;
(b) To determine whnt suitable devices or other reasonable means or requirements for the prevention of industrial diseases shall be adopted or followed in any or all employments or
places of employment;
(c) To make rules nnd regulations,
whether of general or special application, ond which mny apply to both employers and workmon, for the prevention of accidents nnd the prevention of
industrial diseases in employments or
places of employment;
fd) To establish and maintain museums in which shnll be exhibited safety
devices, safeguards and other means
and methods for the protection of life,
health and safety of workmen, and to
publish and distribute bulletins on any
phase of the subject of accident prevention;
(6) To cause lectures to be delivered, illustrated by stereopticon or other
views, diagrams or pictures, for the information of employers nnd their workmen nnd the general public in regard' to
the causes and prevention of industrial
accidents, industrial disenseB, nnd related subjects;
(f) To appoint advisory committees,
on which employers and workmen shall
be represented, to assist the baard in
establishing reasonable standnrdH of
safety in employment's, nnd to recommend rules and regulations.
(2) Before the ndontion of nny rule
or regulation by the bonrd under this
section a publie hearing shnll be hold
fnr the purpose of considering the same.
Not less thnn ten days before tho hearing n notico thereof shnll ho published
in at' least three newspapers, of which
one shall be published in the city of
Victoria nnd one in the city of Vnn-
couver, No defect or inaccuracy in the
notice or in the publication thereof shnll
invalidate nny rule or regulation mndo
by tho board.
(.I) Tho board and any member of
it, nnd any officer or person authorized
by if for that purpose, shall have the
right at all reasonable hoars to onter
intn tho establishment of nny employer
who is linble to contribute to the ncci-
dent fund and tho premises connected
with it, nnd overy part of them, for tho
purpose of ascertaining whether tho
ways, works, machinery or appliances
therein are safe, adequate and sufficient,
and whether all proper precautions aro
tnken for the prevention of accidents
to the workmen employed in or about
tbe establishments or premises," nnd
whether tho safety npplinnces or safe
guards prescribed by law aro used and
employed therein, or for nny other purpose whicli tho board may doom necessnry, including tho purposes of determining tho proportion in which such om*
nloyer should contribute to the accident
(4) Every person who obstructs or
interferes with nny commissioner, offi
ce or person in the exercise of the rights
conferred by subsection (8) shnll be
guilty of an offence ngninst this part.
A Large Field to Work.
The enforcement of .safety rulos in
this province is divided between four
departments. Factories nnd mills arc
taken care nf by the two factory tnspc.
tors. The boiler rooms como under the
jurisdiction of tho boiler inspectors, and
the mines, both coal nnd metalliferous,
under the respective inspectors, ncting
under the provisions nf tho two acts
covering the two branches of the mining
industry. Whatever statistics of ncci
dents nre prepared are sepnrafe and
distinct for ench department, so thnt
there nre no,stnticties extant thnt show
at a plnnce the industrial conditions
throughout the province. This is not intended ns n criticism of the inspectors,
but merely to show the necessity nf
some no-rotated system that: will throw
some light on the cost nf industry, measured in liumnn lives nnd limbs.
Statistics of Ontario.
During the year ending Pec. 83, 1015,
the report of the Workmen's Compensation board shows 15,010 accidents occurred in ihnt province, those occurring
in agriculture not being taken into con
siderntinn. Of these. 0820 were com-
pensnfed for, the balance being either
in occupations not covered by the act,
nr where the disability lasted less thnn
seven dnvs. The table nf onuses of nc
eidents shows that 27,01 ner cent, nf ae
cidents nre due to mnchinery and its
part's: 2.74 per cent, nre due tn hoisting
np>iiiratiis; R.20 ner cent, to dangerous
s-.tbstances; 34,04 per cent, tn falling,
rolling nnd flying objects: 0.08 per cent,
to the uso of tools: 1.0,1 per cent, to
runaways and animals; 3,55 per cent, to
moving vehicles, trains, etc.: 14.47 per
cent, tn persnnal falls and 2.20 per cent,
to jill nther causes. Machinery nnd parts
wns responsible for 72.14 per cent, of
accidents causing permnnent disability,
for S.S0 per cent, of deaths nnd for 23.50
ner cent, nf accidents cnusing temporary
disability only.
How Accidents Occur.
An analysis of the various mnchinery
responsible for nccidents discloses a
fruitful field for accident prevention
work. Set screws tn the number of 21
were responsible fnr nn accident burden
nf 1*5010.30. The 21 set screws might
hnve been countersunk fnr about $7.35,
a safety investment' thnt would hnve
paid n dividend nf 705 per cent., nnd
would have preserved the hnsbnnd tn n
widow nnd the fnlher tn n child, nnd
the son to n dependent mother nnd
father. Open shafting and conveyers
kilted foiir, crippled 22 and temporarily
injured 55 workmen. Open gearing
wounded 00, killed 4 nnd crippled 37
wnge-enrners. Box covering put on for
a few cents in each ense would hnve
saved the burden.
Frank W. Hinsdale Will Organize Machinery for
B. C. Act
Recognized As One of the
Ablest Men for Work
on Continent
as Premier Bowser announced nt
Phoenix, has boon engaged by the governmont to inaugurate the system under
the new Workmen's Compensntion Act,
is said to bo one of tho greatest authorities on- the continent on the administration of such legislation. Ho inaugurated
tho Washington administrative syatem
as chief auditor, and then did the Bnmo
for Oregon. He was the chiof witness
prbduced as an export by the Canadian
Manufacturers' association whon Sir
William Meredith was gathering evidence in Ontario, lending to the drafting of an act in thnt province. He later
inaugurated thnt system, and then went
to Halifax, where the Nova Scotia government hnd just brought a new act
into force. He remnined in Halifax
until a few weeks ago, and is now resting in New York before coming to British Columbia in August. In Nova Scotia, the Murray government made its
strongest appeal to the electors in the
recent election, enmpaign on tbe Workmen 's Compensntion Aet, which had
just been pnssed, and Mr. Hinsdale's
work in organizing the administration
was highly praised by the newspapers.
The British Columbia act is said to be
several stages in ndvance of the one in
Nova Scotia, and Mr. Hinsdnlo haB a
personal acquaintance with labor conditions in British Columbia, having lived
in the Kootenay district for many
years, so that he has very special qualifications for hiB duties in .this province.
■Daily World.
Bight Man in Right Place.
Speakiag to The Federationist nbout
Mr. Hinsdale and his work, Mr. McVety
snid thnt ho was well-known nmong tho
representatives of labor organizations in
Washington, Oregon, Ontario and Nova
Scotia ns n fair mnn, who could not be
used to give the workmen the worst of
it under nny compensation act. His
previous experience nB nn insurance man
enabled him to meet the campnign put
up ngninst the successful operation of
the compensntion nets, where tho system is one of exclusive stnte insurance,
by the insurance companies.
Had Hand in B. C. Act Too.
Mr. McVety stated nlso that Mr.
Hinsdale hnd been of very great assistance to the committee of investigation
in connection with compensntion, nnd in
addition to giving a great denl of time
to tho committeo whilo in Toronto, hnd
secured nnd sent a groat denl nf literature nn the subject fo the members of
the committee since their return to the
The premier hns beon fortunate to secure bis services for which there is n
grent demand in different stntes nnd
provinces that nre starting or contom-
plnting the enactment of new compensation acts,
Small Oost of Prevention.
Automatic locks installed on two elevators at a cost of $3.50, thus preventing gates from opening while the enr is
in motion, would hnvo snved two lives.
TJho of appropriate footwear instead of
ordinary shoes would have saved 217
foot from burns; the knocking down of
protruding nnils or thc picking up of
broken glnss nnd metnl would hnve prevented 120 injuries: the wenring of
goggles (which would cost less thnn
4150), might hnve snved 38 permnnent
Injuries to eyes for which $42,840.50
will be paid in compensation.
Worse Conditions in B. C,
In this province conditions must ho at
least ns bad, if not worse than Ontario,
beeause the principal industries here,
lumbering and mining, nre more dangerous than tho manufacturing, which
forms a large proportion of the industries of Ontario. With tho wide powers
given the board, there is nn excellent
opportunity for n grent improvement in
the industrinl plants ia this province.
In fnct n number of the larger plants
aro already making changes withn view-
to reducing the number of nccidents.
"Tf everybody in tho world seems to
bo going against you, why not turn
around the other wny nnd jog along
with the crowd."
"After fifty, nlmnst aay man can
honestly sny: 'Alas, I hnve kissed nil
those womon T ought not lo hnve kissed
—and left unkissed nil those I ought to
hnvo kissed."
Put tho qticBtfort up to tho home*
wlfo who mnkcii il nnd lorvos it daily,
Sao what iihe says about It's fragrance— Its clarity—it* delicious tsato,
comes to you in tin retatnora with al)
tho original strength and goodness,
hermetically oralod in.
Try it lolny—compare It with any
you have hci-n using.
You'll agree If thin Is your first oup
of Nabob that yon hnve been missing
n good thing all theso yearn.
The Policy of the J. Leckie Co.
—is ono of 'progress—no standing still. A
thing done well today is going to be done better tomorrow if humanely possible.
/Ouad'iy (^ocs\
[in, before thei
flame .iocs Ofl
V—that's \h
The barometer of tho shoe* manufacturing
world is watched as closely as a shin's clj
at sea. r    "
Any new idea—nny old invention in Shoe-
Making   Mnchinery   that   will   enable   the
Homo of Leckio" to improve its output, is
carefully investigated and incorporated if
found worthy. -■>
This big British Columbia institution has
not a peer in tho world in tho classes of
Footwear it manufactures—for tho man-
nbout-town, thc loggor, miner, prospector, former or laborer:
Named Shoes we frequently nude in Nn-
Union Factoriei-Do Not Buy Any Shoe
ao matter what its name, unless it beats a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
(Strictly modern), one block from Labor Temple.   Hore, every comfort
awaits you.
Union Cigars and best brand! of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe. In connection.
0. H, Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Prejler & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Get Your Fuel
in a Pipe
You'll Never Regret it.
No soot; no dirt
No ashes to carry
No stuffy kitchens
Heat where you want it.
Carrall and Hastings Phone Sey.
1138 Granville, near Davie 5000 PAGE FOUR
MEN $14.95
—All opportunity every man who can should take advantage
of. They are made oi good quality materials, carefully fash-
ioned, and nicely trimmed. No values like these were ever before offered in this city.
All Sizes $14.95
V^ ,    V      . i____m»   tor*     HHtMT i mw J5-T itwis mhhiiwwm _
Granville and Georgia Streets
Special 11 P. M. to 1. A. M.
704 Robson Street
Are your teeth
in good order ?
ABE your teeth efficient! Have you your full equipment of thirty-
two teeth in good working order) Each one of them is important,
and you cannot afford to do without a single one of them—your health
and efficiency depend on' your teeth being able to perform their function
completely.        PERMANENT CROWNS and BRIDGES
Beauty of expression as well as full efficiency restored—made to fit the
face—heavily cast \n solid gold, with Medal of Honor Teeth.
$4. per tooth
Consultations nnd examinations free.
Telephone Seymour 3331.
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings, 7 to 8.
Office closed Saturday afternoon.
2ST-3S;   Dr. Brett Anderson
known  to  dental Crown and Bridge Specialist
When you recognize this as a
fact you will boost for the products of home industries by cut-
ting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plant in B. 0.
Milk Users!
Fairmont 2624 Fairmont 2624
Hillcrest dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
TEe Hillcrest Dairy
Victoria Branch Endorses
McVety and Files Committee Circular
August 14th to 19th
Brotherhood Nominee Fails
to Secure Single Endorsation in Unions
VICTORIA, July 25.—The Inst meeting of the Letter Carriers' Branch
association wus fully us interesting us
these meetings usually aro, though the
attendance wus somewhat below the
"Brotherhood" Circular Filed.'
Among the more important mutters
dealt with wns a letter from tho joint
legislative committeo of tho Railroad
Brotherhoods, asking the association to
ondorao for appointment on tho bonrd
of administration of the Workmen's
Compensntion act, ono Mr. Crawford,
ex-alderman and ex-mayor of Kamloops,
a member of the International Brotherhood of Locomtive Engineers.
Majority Should Rule.
A statement of the caso was made by
the secretary, showing,how this aet, like
nil other legislation, would -unquestionably fail of its purpose, unless it was
faithfully ndaiinistered; that as a recognition of this, the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada had, last September, selected J, H. McVety of Vancouver for appointment on the said board,
and had recommended him to the provincinl government as the unanimous
choice of organized labor; that later on
thc B. C. Federation of Labor hnd endorsed his nomination for thiB post, as
did the convention of District 0, Western Federation of Miners, in Mnrch
Inst; thut n thoroughly representntiv
committee of labor men worked together for many weeks in the Capitnl City
for the passing of tho new net; that thi
committee included members of the
joint committeo of tho Railway Brotherhoods, who wero pnrties to the nomination of Mr. McVety in the convention
endorsing him for appointment; that
this move on the part of the Rnilwny
Brotherhood could not be regarded in
any other light thnn thot of bod faith,
and calculated to defeat the expressed
desire of the organized workers of the
Dominion and this province.
McVety Unanimously Endorsed.
Without throwing any aspersion on
tho character of Mr. Crawford or doubting in the least his willingness to serve
in this capacity, yet the speaker unhesi
tatingly endorsed Mr. McVety for tho
position ns the best man available. He
declared it to be his conviction that tho
interests of tho workers, as provided in
tbe act, would be well served by the
appointment of thc nominee of the provincial and Dominion Labor movement.
He moved that the letter bo placed on
tile, aad that this branch association of
Letter Carriers go emphatically on record in favor of Mr. McVety and that
an endorsation of him for appointment
be forwarded to the premier. Tho motion being duly seconded, was adopted
Letter Carriers' Convention.
The agenda for the approaching Letter  Carriers' convention  was furthor
"That the bi-annual convention shall
be confined to the area of Winnipeg in
the west and city of Quebec in tho
east,'1 is one of the resolutions proposed.
The dolegates were instructed to use
their vote and influence against this
piece of impertinent encroachment on
the privilege of thc conventions, to fix
their place of meeting.
Provisions establishing the system of
referendum as a medium of expression
of the membership at large, was1 left to
tho judgment of thc delegates, but was
regarded very favorably under debate.
"Doing Their Bit."
"During the last month and a half,
news from Europo has told of the loss
of two of the members. After tho engagement in Flanders, which covered
the 1st, 2nd nnd 3rd of June, Sam Ha-
geart was listed missing. Word has
been receivod through correspondence
with personal acquaintances that he
was last seen aB tho only survivor of a
machine gun crew and refused to surrender. Douglas J. Lamborn was
wounded in the flrst wook of July and
died a few days later. The branch will
send letters of sympathy to the bereaved mothers. Since laBt meeting there
have been two enlistmonts, Bro. Brynnt
and Titbbs having joined up, the latter
leaving with the 103rd for overseas a
fow days ago.
Central Labor Body Elections.
Tho election of officers of the Trades
and Labor council was referred to in
tho report of tho delegates to that body.
BroJ-Ioldridge, who has filled the office
of socretary for tho last .18 months,
with conspicuous success, declined to accept nomination for the combined office
of secretary nnd trensuror, although
pressed by his friends, modestly explaining thut tlio post did not appeal to
In Large Sizes at
This announcement is
directed particularly to
women who require regulation sizes, from 40 to 48,
and also stout women,
who experience some difficulty in getting Suits of
the ready-to-wear order.
In the models offered are
many fine garments in the
season's most desirable
all-wool and silk fabrics,
and also some good models in combinations of silk
and serge. AU of the
Suits are in fashionable
styles, and aro from our
regular assortments. The
new selling prices are:—
$10.00, $13.50,
$1.9.50 and
...JULY 28, 1916
Ninth Vice-president Fred,
A. Hoover Receives a
Hurry-up Call
Pioneer Division Correspondent Asks for Co-Operation of Men
"You can swat thc fly, but the mos
I quito is apt' to retaliate with a stinging
I rebuke."
' A man's heart is liko a dollar
[ watch; no mntter how hard if hns been
thrown down it goes right on running."
Refined Service
One Blook weit of Court Houie.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free  to all
Telephone Seymonr 2485
Mr. Boss Explains.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Have just
read by John Sanderson's letter to
yours of the 21st instant, headed aa follows: "Misrepresentation of Conditions
at Coalhurst." In nearly every instance
where I engaged a miner hero for the
North American Collieries, Limited, nt
Coalhurst, Alberta, I rend him the conditions as written in the U. M. W. A.
ngreement book, District No. 18, and in
no inBtunce did I knowingly misrepresent one thing. The agreement in book,
reads, iu reference to loaders:
1. All coal will be.paid for upon a
screened basis, a ton being considered
2000 lbs.
2. Loaders 52 cents per ton.
3. Loaders, 57 cents per ton (in
large rooms), building their own cogs.
4. Loaders, 80 conts per ten, nurrow
5. Loaders, 20 cents per ton, laying
square booms in entries.
(J. Loaders, 40 cents per ton, laying
round booms iu entries.
7. Loaders, 50 cents per ton, permanent rails in entries.
When engaging all men here, they
were informed that a loader was not
much ubo to the compnny unless he
could earn $4.50 per day or better, and
that many of the mon made as much as
$80 fortnightly. Thc N. A. Colliery
there employ between 400 and 500 men,
and Mr, Sanderson admits that 5 per
cent, make $(> to $7 per day. Although
he has only been in the employ of the
company for two weeks, as he states, I
will presume he is sure of his facts.
Theso facts I cannot pe'rsonnlly dispute,
as I don't know, but the miners cannot
all have the best places until, I should
think, the}' have earned them. The
colliery I nm employing miners for is
the North American Collieries, Limited,
ConlhurBt, Alberta, and is not the American Conl Co., quoted in Mr. Sanderson's letter. Neither hns the former
company nny connection with tho Dominion Conl Co., of Nova Scotaia, ns fnr
as tho writer is aware, but possibly Mr.
Sanderson is certain of his facts.
Tho North American Colliery employees coining undor the jurisdiction
of II. M. W. of A., I nm certnin, Mr.
Editor, you enn quite appreciate tho
fact thnt it would be folly on the company's pnrt to distort facts, when om*
ploying minors, ns it is a freo country,
and the men simply would not stay, and
surely conditions cannot be as rotten »s
Mr. Sanderson says, when the colliery
operates full, for over nine months out
of the twelve, and employs ovor 400
men.   Wishing for fair play only,
Vancouver, July 24, 1010.
Hoover, is under instructions from
the international ofllce to proceed to
Moose Jaw, whero he will, as ninth
vice-president of tho association, endeavor to serve the interests of that local.
Fred, is not aware of the exact nature
of tho work to bo undertaken at this
time, but whatever it is and however
good the results of his journey may be,
it's n pretty safe bet that ho will got
his share of abuse. Well, what's an international oflicer for anyway?
Man Cannot Live on Love Alone.
We arc all aware of the city council's
action in going on record as favoring
thc discharge of siaglo mea in thu employ of tho eity. That is what a man
gets for being unselfish theso days. Because a young follow is too much of a
man to ask Borne girl to share his poverty ho is discriminated against, nnd
told to get out. Oh, well, it's a little
more education. Tho harder they rub
it in tho sooner we shall got wise.
Appeal to New Members.
To the new men entering the association we especially point out the necessity of their attending the meetings.
Why not have a say in tho making of
thc laws Wiat govern? Be a live member. We have too mnny dead ones,
around right now. |
Arbitration Committee Sits.
Before Mr. Justice Macdonald this
week tho final hearing of tlio arbitration between the B. C. Electric Railway
compnny nnd tho Amalgamated Association of Street and Electrical Employees, aa to whether meter repairers
and meter testers nro covered by the
agreement so ns to make it incumbent
on the compnny to compel theso men to
become members of the association, wns
held. Five men arc affected, two henr-
ings hnve already taken place, the men
being represented by Business Agent
F. A. Hoover, and tho company by Gen.
Supt. W. G, Murrin.
Bull-pen Buzzer Gossip.
Bro. John Hendry learned the rudiments of his profession ut Rnmsny's.
Says he used to kill thom by the thousands. To get nny information on tho
subject you will hnvo to approach John
somewhat cautiously,' as ho is very sensitive on the subject.
Bro. Oliver McOuteheon has returned
from his honeymoon, spent in Seattle
and adjoining cities. We sympathize
with, we mean congratulate Oliver on
his responsible undertaking nnd trust
that the happy couple will receive at
least thoir share of happiness in the
years to como.
Tho preaident of tho Trades and La*
bor council was once accused of being
one who '' eats, Bleops and drinks
'Workmen's Compensation,' " but what'
is tho Workmen's Compensntion act
compared with a gamo of checkers? Our
champion checker player eats, drinks,
sleeeps nnd dreams checkers. Anything
nbout checkers that Jack Edmundson
doos not know hns never yet been discovered.
For the benefit of those members thnt
found it inconvenient to attend the Inst
meeting, Bro. T. A. Miles, sccretnry-
trensurcr of the Medical Attendance,
submits the following report: Present
membership, 300; collections for six
months, $1736; initintions. $20; expenditure, $1749.25; bnlanco in bank, July
30, $112.31. ' I
Did you ever hear about Frank Mar
shall's canaries? J. E. G.
Trades and Labor Connell.
Friday, July 31, 1891.
Vancouver—O mee and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. M%*.
North Vancouver — Office and
PhmH 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
L. H. Norton (lathers), Jas. Mallett
(moulders), Robt. Watson, Pat Cody,
John Rumble (stonecutters), were seated as delegates.
Wm. Towler and W. B. Lawson
(stonecutters) appointed on Lubor Dny
Walking Delegate Geo. Irvine reported ro construction work on Bnnk of B.
C. building (Manager J. C. Keith,)
The Chinese committee reported. Very
lively discussion. Chi ncsc must go.
Delegate Irvine advocated that workers
should patronize Chinese. Merchants
w."id then wake up.
.' n'.Mibl    coil Venn M    rf    Ton-{"ion
Nor Can "We."
With an enclosure for renewal of his
annual subscription to The Federationist, Mr. J. G. O 'Donoghue, Toronto,
who has just finished a draft copy of
tho Industrial Disputes uct for thc
Trades and Lnbor Congress of Canndn,
the inimitable Irish solicitor, so well-
known to organized labor all ovor the
Dominion, closes: " .... I cannot
understand how everybody in North
America is not rending nnd subscribing
for this very excellent food for ngita
Trades and Labor council moots at Quebec, P. Q,
Secretary's salary was increased to
$5 a month.
City council asked to put English Bay
bench iu proper order for swimming.
W. Pleming, president^ Harry Cowan,
Sunday Sailings
Spend Your Sunday on
the Water
leaves Johnson wharf at 0.30 n.m.
every Sunday for Gowen Point
(W. P.), Roberts Creek, Wilson
Creek, SECHELT, and Half Moon
Bay. Returning, arrive nt Vancouver about 8 p.m.
This is tho finest outing on the
coast for picnics, etc. Full particulars, phone Sey. 4230.
Without Health Life Hss Few
Dr. Conway's M.D.
Eliminate poisons, impurities,
uric acid, etc.; eat tho proper
food. Nature will do tho rost.
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Catarrh,
Kidney, Liver, Stomach troubles.
The M. D. Health Clab meets
every Wednesday at 2.30.   Tou
Spencer's Men's Suits at $20
They Have Absolutely No Equals
In This Vicinity at the Price
Men who think Twenty Dollars the right price to pay for a suit and
who want the most for their monoy must come to Spencer's. Some
Bkeptics will put down what wc have said about these suits to mere
sayso, but,.there are thc best of reasons why they should be supreme.
Let it rest in your mind that they represent Twenty Dollar values of
ovor a year ago, and then consider that all clothing has advanced about
fifty per cent, in tho meantime and you gain some idea of the situation.
This storo inveBtod $17,000 in theso suits when other stores were cancelling orders and thia is the stroke that is giving us today the big share
of the men's suit business.
Como ond see with your own eyes. Let your own Angers prove to you
boyond a shndow of doubt that for Twenty Dollars at Spencer's you can
have a suit that you would pay'near thirty dollars for elsewhoro.
Plenty of patterns in good greys and browns in tweeds and worsteds
nnd every suit worthily trimmed and finished as becomes tho product of
ono of tho premier factories of Canada and the first store in Vancouver.
—Main Floor, EaBt Wing.
David Spencer Limited
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Djairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
Capital $15,000,000        Best 113,500,000
' Main Offlce:   Oorner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
COMMERCIAL DRIVE , Cor. First Avenue and Commercial Drive
EAST END Cor. Pender and Main Streeta
FA1RVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Qranvllle Street
HASTINOS and CAMBIE Cor. Hastings and Cambie Streets
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Vow Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenuo and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Prase." Road
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
During tho recent milk wngon drivers' strike one of the union men
snld to The Federationist: "... The women are the best union
men of the lot."
Here Is a Chance For the Wives
and Friends of Trade Unionists
To Help The Federationist and
Make a Little MoneyforThem-
selves Without Much Effort.
Rend every lino of this extraordinary announcement; acquaint yourself with its terms; it means money in your pocket
and will immeasurably help The Federationist to grow.
No red tape; no delay. Cash on presentation of purchase
The Federationist will pny cash monoy to those of its readers who are awake to their own interests and patronize our
advertisers in preference to those who don't think enough of
the organized workers to bid for their custom.
Save Your Purchase Slips—They are worth money to you
whenever you buy of advertisers in The Federationist, savo
the purchase slips you get with each Bale—bring them to
Room 217, Labor Tomple, and we will immediately
We intend in this way to compensate our roaders nnd make ■
it worth their while to patronize our advertisers, and in turn
to convince our advertisers that it puys to advertise in Tho
Save your purchase slips with each sale and when you havo
$50 worth of slips from any or all advertisers combined—
send them in and we will immediately send you- $1 in cash.
Tho B. C, Federationist is the only bona flde Labor paper
published in British Columbia—in fact, wost of Winnipeg.
When you aro engaged in a strugglo for bettor conditions it
throws its full power into tbo controversy to help you succeed. It is owned and published by tho B. C. Federation of
Lnbor, and Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, and you
are therefore one of its shareholders.
In viow of its groat usefulness to you, is not The Federationist deserving of your support to the degree at least that
you help it by the judicious uso of your purchasing power?
Wo endeavor to organize tho purchasing power of the
working class of this city for tho purpose of throwing it bo*
hind our advertisers; wo nsk yoa to co-operate with us and
Mako the advertisers' place of business shopping head*
quarters for organized workers—and when in need of any
commodity enumerated exercise the adopted slogan of organized labor:
Phone Sey. 7495        VANCOUVER, B. C.


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