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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 20, 1916

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Array THI* BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY; SVEENGTH        «■©► omCIAl/toAl'KR:  VANCOUVER TRADES AND l.AROR nriiiNnri..   a nm n n ™.,.,.„.„  ^^  "*"   *   *" **"T   m\-
INDUSTRIAL UNITY;'§*;RENGTH
EIGHTH YEAR |'No. 42
OFFICIAI/^yER;   VANCOUVER  TRADES  AND  LABOR  COUNCU., AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAyToCTOBER 20, 1916~
POLITICAL UNITY: VIOTOBY
THE PERPLEXING PROBLEM
OF HIGH GOST OF LIVING
The Nightmare of the Housewife and the Bugbear of the
Wage and Salary Earner—In Lands at Peace and in
Lands at War It Is All the Same—Prices of the
Necessaries of Life Soar Far Above Wages
11
IRKS OUI IN
Promises Like Pie Crust Are
Evidently Made To
Be Broken
How Prime Ministers And
Diplomats Deal With
the Workers
[By. W. M. O.j
WITH SO MUOH conscription talk
going the rounds, a fow instances
of its workings in Britain might woll bu
timely. Conscription, of courso, was for
the purpose of raising tbo necessary
quota of mon to supply the needs uf the
army; although there wero somo buso
minds, particularly iu tho ranks of
Labor, who persisted in maintaining
tbut it was for the purposo of industrial
conscription. However, we havo tbe
pledged word of many notubles that
such eould not be in this, or that, laud
of tbo freo. Mr. Asquith's pledge to
tho Lubor deputation, 12th January,
'10:
"I cunnot imagine anything more
monstrous than tnat advantage should
be taken of tbis opportunity to introduce a method by which unscrupulous
and unpatriotic employers would get
additional power over workmon. * *
* I shall absolutely resist it to tbo
last."
ttt. Hon. A. Bonnr Law, M. P.:
"There ia no intention in this bill to
introduce, in any shape or form, industrial conscription.*'—Liberal Magazine,
Feb., 1010,
Now for tho performance!
From Hansard, lQth Muy, 1910, J. H.
Thomas, M. P., speaking: "Within a
month of tho passing of tho military
•service bill there was a strike at Dundee. What did tho employer do! Ho
did not use the ordinary methods of a
dispute and fight it out. Ho immediate-
ly reporti'd those men tn tho military
authorities, nnd they were called up
undor the net."
Labor Lender, 13th .April. ,191(5:
"Pining tho strike on tWfeoutTi Metro-,
politan tramway system, motormen J
woro told flint, unloss they returned toi
work, the claim p,ut in by the company
for thoir exemption from military sor-l
vice would bo withdrawn.-" ,
Manchester Guardian', Aug. 11, '10:
"He (Mt. Smillio, addressing tho Na-|
tional Union of Scottish Mino Workers)
cited as nn instance the enso of a man
who had returned from tho army to tho
mine. He wns informed thai his place
was in a certain pit, which he wns not
nt liberty to leave, and was wnrned
that, in the event of any question nf
conduct arising, be would bo dealt with
by the military nuthnrity."
The Shoflleld Independent declares
that "in spite nf this tremendous profit-making nn the part of the employ-
ers. wagoB show scarcely nny increase—
lnbor boing compulsory nnd cheap."
The Coatbridge Express reports a
meeting nf tbe Cnntbridgo Trades council, wherein is given the findings of a
committee of enquiry into tho allegations that "soldiers nre paid ono penny
per hour for working at Messrs. Stewarts nnd Lloyds." Tho allegations were
found to be true. Also, the secretary of
.♦'io committee was discharged from bis
'ft in piny mont there for his activity in the
mntter. ' |
And our old friend Lord Milner, and
his friends, snys thnt they aro resolved
to keep compulsory military service
after the wnr—if they can.
Which nil goes to prove thnt pledges
aro, like pie-crusts, mado to bo broken,
and thnt Ihe only way to gnin and maintain even a modicum nf freedom is to
organize nnd fight for it—without cease,
Our old friends, the pnwers-that-bo, apparently believe in the old maxim thnt
"all's fnir in love and war."
About this wnr business. It is difficult tn understand how any fair-minded
individual can denv the statement that
those who are called upon to flght wars
should hnve their full share in tho starting of tbem. in their conduct, nnd in
their conclusion, Tt is only inst tbnt
those who pny the piper should call the
tune. Of course in the event of auch n
Btnco of higher culture being reached,
it Is self-evident thnt thero would bo
no wnr, as it is largely those who are
exempt from the flring-line who aro tbo
loudest war clnmnrers. In the meantime to prevent tho nations from falling into decay, wo must leave theso
matters in tbe hnndB of diplomats, high
flnnnce and lnrge business.
Tbe Seven Sens, tho magazine of the
United Spates Navy league, has the following rrem in its September. 1915, is-i
j flue: "Tho true militarist believes that
' pacifism is tbe masculine and humnm
tarlsm is tbo feminine manifestation of
nntinnal degeneracy. World empire is
the onlv logical nnd natural aim of a
nation."
And In the November issue: "It is
the absolute right of n nation to live
to Its full intensitv, to expand, to found
eolonleR. tn get richer nnd richer by any
proper means such ns armed conquest,
commerce, diplomacy."
Prom which It would appear that all
Bernhardt's don't live on tbe Rhine.
N1
EVER IN ALL the history of mankind was it a matter of such
small consequence, as far as the amount of labor is concerned,
to produce a loaf of bread, a yard of cloth, or any other thing
requisite to human comfort and well being, as now. And never in all
history were these things moro difficult to get. Never were thc prices
of these things so high, and in comparison thereto never wa3 the purchasing power of the producing class so low as at present. Not within
the memory of living man was the purchasing power of an average
day's wago so little. Nover was there so wide a margin between the
selling price of thc things produced by labor and the wage paid to the
workers for the production of those things. As the high price of thc
necessaries of life touches the pockets of all, it is easy to see why this
matter of the high octet of living becomes all but a universal problem.
Few there are who arc in a position to lightly pass thc matter by, for
the vast majority belongs to and is mado up of wage earners, salaried
people and small property owners. The millions of these can ill-afford
to pay the high prices and arc naturally entitled to make a kick
against them. The very fow who, beeause of their affluence, have no
reason to kick, belong to the clement in modern society which stands
to lose nothing, but to gain everything through the aforesaid high
prices. To the big capitalists this era of high prices, is the veritable
golden age, the age of the golden fleece, as it were. In all the ages of
plunder and free-booting, never did the high pirates of loot ever reap
so bountiful a harvest as out of this Christian dispensation of human
butchery and high prices. Never was suoh tremendous swag gathered
in so short a time, as has beon gathered, and is still being gathered by
tho chosen few whom evidently divine providence hath appointed to
rule over the bread and butter supply of humanity.
G. P. R MAKING
CONCESSIONS
Negotiations Between Officials In*
dicate Compromise Settlement
-    Within a Pew Days
(In Vancouver
Olty 1-2.00
)     $1.50 PER YEAR
CLOSELY   upon
FOLLOWING
the announcement tbis week
that the Grand Trunk had made
concessions to tbe trainmen and
conductors, the C. F. it. seems likely
to fall in line. Officials of the company and of the unions involved are
holding daily sessions at Winnipeg,
and press reports up to yesterday
indicate a compromise settlement
rather favorable to the men. At
any rate, the prospect of a strike,
which the membership hod voted
08.7 per cent, in tavor of, to enforce their demands, seems to have
been averted. Ono interesting side-
light ln the situation is tbat neither
side seems to he taking the Industrial Disputes Act very seriously.
The Golden Key.
■     ONE EXCEPTION AT LEAST
No Fault Will Be Tound If a Little Deviation Is Made ln This Case.
Organized labor throughout the provinco generally will, The Federationist
feels confident, consider Premier-elect
Brewster fully justified in slightly violating his "no patronage" platform if
no time is lost in dismissing Mine Inspector Graham of Vancouver Island.
Such action should certainly be one of
I the flrst official moves to bo made by the
incoming new government.
llftV
The golden key that has unlocked tho
treasure houso of knowledgo to mankind, is that oue query: Why* Aud that
one query may well be put in regard to
tho matter of tho crushing coat of living. Iu a world of plenty, iu so far as
natural resourcos from which ample
food, clothing, shelter and all other
noeossary things may be drawn in abundance und witb littlo effort, and with
an almost unlimited number of willing
hands at ull times ready and anxious to
expend that effort, why should a single
individual evor bo without all that he
requires for tho satisfaction of his material needs, or why should any ono
over bo vexed over tho question of the
high cost of living/ If such a condition
does exist; if thero are persons who arc
unable to obtain tbo requisites for the
satisfaction of the needs, granted that
they uro physically capable of waiting
upou themselves, then it is manifestly
certain thut thoro is something wrong
within human society itself. Something ia wrong with whatever arrnng'j-
monts exist thut have any bearing upon
the production and appropriation of the
food, clothing und shelter upon whicli
nil depend, it is high time tlie key was
applied to tho problem and tho difficulty
unlocked und ils inner mechanism and
workings uncovered so that all who wish
may soo and know.
A Tow Facts About Cost,
A loaf of broad, u yard of cloth, never
eost anything except the labor expended
iu their production,   Thero is no other
element that ever did, or ever can, enter
into suoh cost.   If it is necessary to expend one hour of labor time in the production of u given quantity of broad, or
uny other necessary thing, thon the legitimnto cost of that thing, to any other
member of human society wbo might
wish to obtain it, could only bo one
hour's lubor timo expended iu nny other
brunch or part of industry that it might
be necessary for a community to carry
on.   Whon any person obtains saeh loaf
of bread, or othor thing, without either
producing it, or expending its equivalent iu labor power along somo other
necessary lino of production, that person, granting him to bo able to take part
iu production, becomes a parasite upon
tho social body, that is if wo have any
scruples against applying tbo correct,
but perhaps harsher term to him, Whilo
theso aro facts as rcgnrds cost, this reservation must bo mado.   Thoy are not
facts that can bo applied and lived up
to in any society bused upon human
slavery.    Our   presont   civilization   is
based upon Blnvory.   That is tho why
and wherefore of all wars, und of all
vexatious    questions    each    as    labor
troubles, tho high cost of living, the social evil, graft, vice, crime of all kinds
and  a  quito  delectable   list  of  other
moral stenches    and    stomach-turning
nuisances that the FederationiBt could
not mention without falling foul of the
law, for indecent exposure of tho person of modern capitalist socioty.   The
censor would nab us for attempting to
discourage recruiting, or the public prosecutor would havo us pinched for scdit-
iou, or pro-Gorman sympathies.
No Shortage of Food
Thero has been no shortnge of crops
upon this western continent since the
memory of man runneth not back to
tho contrary.     Last year tho cereal
crop was   especially   a   prolific   one.
ThiB year, though not bo good, still it
is ample to supply all the legitimate
roquiremonts of the people of this continent, and witb a generous surplus to
spare.   And yet the price of broad is
steadily advancing and    has    already
reached a figure thnt Ib immeasuroably
out of proportion to its real cost, and
a figure that cannot bo accounted for
oxcopt upon tho assumption that some
rascal or rascals are robbing tho rest of
us in the deal, somewhere along tho line,
There must bo loot in slavery or tho motive for that peculiar institution would
bo lacking, and it could not exist. Thero
must be robbery going on, or thero
would bo no kicking. What else is thore
in the world to kick aboutt   And yet
tho average ono of us never gnvo thc
matter a thought from that point of
viow.  If we protest against high prices
what are wo protesting ngainst if it bo
not robboryt If we are not robbed what
in the world aro we kicking about!   If
the workers aro not robbed, what has
been dono to them that causes them to
kick up such a row about wages and
hoursf  If tho farmer is not robbed, or I
nt least thinks he is robbed, wbat in j
the deuce makes him bo sore at the
wheat combine, the meat combine, the
harvester trust and all the similar cunning little business jokes that periodically get the laugh on himf
'What Are You Going to Do About It?
To cut tho matter short, tho producers
of all woaltb, tho working men of city
and country are enslaved and robbed
by that which is termed the business
world.   Of courso, tbo big fellows up at
the top of tho business tree get away
with tho most of the loot.   A hungry
but woll meaning horde, thut is from a
business standpoint, scramblo ae hard as
they can to grab as much as possiblo of
tho loot und hang on to it, bat tho big
scramblers uro too much for the rest nnd
get most of it away from them.   But
big and littlo they all depend upon first
getting tho   workers   to   produce the
wealth, and thon they all pounce down
upon it and tho Kilkenny cat fight for
its possession   goes   merrily on.    The
workers aro completely trimmed in the
first placo, for upon that depends the
success of all business.   All that subsequently follows is predicated upon that.
So long as the workors temain enslaved,
and their masters thus aro in possession
nnd control of tho wenlth they bring
forth, all of theso phenomena that poster like a plague the sous of men, will
continue.   Wais will follow one another
in ghastly procession,  and   tho thirsty
earth will drink groodily of tho blood
of hor children, to the greater glory, aggrandizement  and   enrichment  of  tho
great cutthroats and robbers who nalo
over the destinies of tho enslaved toilers.   Whenever the exigencies of ruling
class diplomacy and  tbe struggle for
world trado demands the slaughter of a
few million slaves in order that thoso remaining may be more securely shackled,
tbo war dogs will be let loose and tho
busy business adventurers that remain
at home far from the dangers  of the
firing line,  will  voice  their  patriotism
by  lining   their   pockety   through  the
working of every dirty  little  market-
juggling and price thimble-rigging trick,
that their cunning and lack of scruple
can hatch up.   That is what is happening now, oh,   yo   poor   silly   howlers
against the high cost of living.   You are
getting yours, that's nil.   You aro morely getting a smnll instalment upon what
is coming to you.   You will get tho rest,
nover fear.   Prices uro nowhere near ns
high as they will bo whon all Europe is
compelled to suspend specie payment, a
condition that will materialize sooner
or later, if this murder-fest is not speed
ily brought to an end, and thero is no
sign of that yet.
How the Producer Is Caught.
The suspension of gold payment, and
the resort to pnper currency, whieh is
forced  credit,   will  forco  the  prico of
everything swiftly upward, the speed
of the rise depending, of course, upon
tho volume of forced credit issued.   All
prices will  bo  instantly  affected,  excepting the price of labor powor, wages.
The prico of labor powor (wages) is al-
ways the last to respond to an uptbrust,
and it always has to bo forced.   Hare
indeed  is  there a voluntary  raise  in
wnges.   Any ruiso in the prices of tho
necessaries of life—nn increase iu tho;
cost of living—without an  equivalent
inerenso in wages, is a cut in wnges, a
reduction.   And that is what 1ms beon
going on for the last twenty years, in
spite of all tho labor boosts to tho contrary, notwithstanding. That is how tho
producer is caught.   Ho is robbed of all
of bis product, and has nothing to say ns
to tho terms upon which ho can got
onough of it back to keep him and his
from croaking through starvation.   The
high cost of living appears to bo a grave
problem  with  bim,  but  that problem
only follows as a consequonce of hiB enslavement and robbory as a wealth producer.   Upon that fundamental crime all
othor crimes aro based.   To expend en-
orgy in attempting to combat the high
cost of living, without interfering with
tho right of tho master class to rule and
rob the producers, is equivalent to n dog
barking up ono tree whilo tho coon is
up another.   Do you boo tho point?   If
not, perhaps you will see it when it shall
hnvo been jnbbod clear through you.
But prices are still going up.   And in
that lies prosperity—for speculators and
dealers—and tho dovil tako tbe roBt of
us.   No ono else would havo us.
PHOENIX ONE OF THE
BEST ORGANIZED
BEGGARY AND BLACKMAIL
 REDUCED TO A FINE ART
Self Appointed Charity Mongers Arrange a Six-day Campaign to Replenish Treasury of Alleged "Patriotic
Fund" —Everybody to Be Squeezed for This
Purpose—House to House Thumbscrew Used
Only Three Men Outside of
Union Fold Af ten Ten
Days' Campaign
Union Men Simply Decided
to Make It Unanimous
and Did So
PHOENIX, B. C, Oct. 1C—Inasmuch
ns Tho Federationist invites correspondence from overy district of organized labor in tho province, I want to sny
that wo in Phoenix havo onc of tho best
organized towns in British Columbia, if
not iu tho Dominion. Tho secretary of
tho Minors' union hero, with tlio holp
of tho officers and overy member, has
succeeded in thoroughly organizing thc
minors nnd workers in this camp as they
woro nevor organized before, .lust prior
to Oct. 1, notices were postod giving nil
the non-union men nn opportunity to
join our organization prior to that date.
Some of thom thought the action wns n
bluff, bat they d-tfeovcred Inter it was
flio ronl article Tho night beforo Oct.
1 tlio mines wore closed nt 0 o'clock
until such timo ns union men would not
bo called upon to work wilh non-union
mon. The employers lost no timo in
complying witli the request, with the re
suit that between 50 nnd fiO new applications for membership woro received
by tho socrotary within ten dnys. And
nt this dnto thoro nro only three nonunion mon holding out, nnd it is possible
tho enmp would bo bettor without them.
Can't other enmps in British Columbia omulnto this exumplo? Now is the
timo to got tho boys together. Every
working man should arouse himself nnd
do a little thinking. Onco tlie boys nre
united, they cnn educate ench other nnd
accomplish mnny things to tlieir mutual
ndvnntnge. This enmp is showing the
wny. Lot's hoar from somo of tho rest
of you.
LAST WEEK Tho Federationist took occasion to call attention to
the profuse and noxious crop of charitable fungi that hns sprung
up in the wake of this war, just as toadstools spring up in tlie
wake of a wet spell, and that is equally poisonous in its effects.
So plentiful are these charity schemes that scarce a week passes by
but the pedestrian upon our streets is repeatedly badgered at nearly
every street corner by some charity fund solicitors, usually clad in
female garb. This miserable business is openly carried on and flaunts
its impudence in the face of all reasonable and worthy conceptions of
common decency, by and with the consent of thc public authorities, in
spite of the fact that the existence of even onc of these charity schemes
indicts Empire, Dominion, province and city, as either mendicants, or
participants in the proceeds; of the low down begging schemes of
others. The British Empire, thc Dominion of .Canada and each and
every province and municipality within it, possesses the legal and
legitimate right and power to take, even down to thc last farthing,
whatever may be necessary for the carrying on of war or any other
enterprise, and for thc purpose of providing for the care of those who
may be disabled in the service, as well as for their families, or other
dependents, who may thus be left without proper means of support.
Such being the case, why should these schemers, ofttimes of doubtful
probity at that, bo allowed to work their shameless schemes, in the
name of and under the patronage of the state ? Why indeed, unless
it is to be inferred that the state is as shameless as the schemers themselves. No government can attain to anything even approaching thc
true dignity of power, unless it cuts itself clear from all connection
with, or suspicion of, mendicancy. Por that reasoit, and for the still
further reason that The Federationist firmly believes the Emnirs nnd i
ly believes thc Empire, and
., c I each any evury city within
it to be solvent and amply able to finance any legitimate and healthy
requirement, we earnestly protest asainst. tbono rlnni-tfi-i «»).«.— ■•-■
the Dominion, with all of its provinces and each any evury city within
-'*■'-'       '     '     "   mply able to finance any legitimate and healthy
estly protest against these doubtful schemes be-
The Election of Aldermen at
Large Instead of By
Wards Favored
State of Trade, Jitney Drivers, Labor Party and
Other Business
,,    s    .eHWUii   vu«se  UUUULJ.U
ing longer allowed to flaunt their vulgarity under tho sanction of
governmental authority. And what is charity, with its attendant begging and blackmailing for funds, but the rankest of vulgarity? When
it is carried on by permission of the state, and for the professed specific purpose of doing that which the state ought to do of itself, and has
the power and the means so to do, it reduces the state to the ignoble
level of a professional mendicant, not a very dignified level, however,
for the greatest Empire yet recorded in history.
HIGHER WAGES FOR Or. T. P. MEN
Three Thousand Locomotive Engineers
and Firemen Benefit By Raise.
Tlio Grand Trunk Rnilwny company
tins week issued n statement to tho effect thnt, after lengthy negotiations, tho
locomotive engineers and firemen on thc
Grand Trunk railway syatem have been
conceded an increase in wages, "with
tlio result thnt an agreement has been
renched mutually satisfactory to the interests concerned." Tho increase wns
not stated, but representatives of tlio
unions concerned stato that it amounts
to 15 per cont. affecting moro than 3000
men.    A few   weeks   ngo   tho Grand,
Trunk increased tho pny of 6000 oon-1 guisoa m patriotic protenapf
ductors,   brakemen,   baggagemen   nnd
yard mon.
Vancouver Vote to Date.
Civilian, Soldiers. Total
L...
7224
0717
0081
(1528
5940
.1525
5740
Mucdonuld,
Smith, L	
Mcintosh, I,.
Farris, L	
Cowpor, L, ..
Bowser, C. ..
Donnelly, L.
Tisdall, C  4042
Duke, C    4040
McGuire, C    4688
Leek, C    4524
Mugownn, C    4345
Trotter, 1    2093
Cnssidy, I.-C    1904
White, 1    1040
Harrington, 8....   1030
Appleby, 1      407
Fawcett, 1      307
Spoiled, 164.
105!)
748
701
747
052
902
702
948
823
701
755
738
182
242
185
158
130
US
8283
7405
74-12
7275
0502
0487
0442
5800
6400
5449
5279
5083
227.1
2140
1231
1194
547
485
The Patriotic Fund.
Dr. Johnson, tho famous English lit-
irato'ur of tho eighteenth century, de-
lined patriotism as being "the last re-
sort of scoundrels."   Tho good doctor
muy, or may not havo been correct in
his definition.   Bo that as it may, however, but probably as many crimes havo
beon committed in the name of patriot
ism, us havo also been committed in the
name of liborty.   Patriotism is deiined
the lovo of ono's country," and we
are quito content to nccept that doOni
tion in preference to Dr. Johnson's.   If
ono loves his country and feels disposed to go forth and uid in lighting its
battles, it is not reasonable to suppose
that  sueh   a   porson  would   be   foolish
enough to  offer  his blood and life  to
some   alleged   charitable   on tilt   that
professed  the  intention  of using such
contributions in a sort of second-hand
way to bolster up the country for which
the giver wus desirous of, if need be,
giving up his lifo.   A suae person would
givo his services direct to tho country
he loved und expect to talto whatever
consequences might ensue.   Thut would
bo an expression of patriotism quite in
line with the definition wo have scon lit
to accept.   If our patriot saw lit, however, to contribute cash instead of flesh
and blood, why should ho not again deal
direct with thc proper authorities of thc
country for whicli he purposed to make
tho sacrifice?   Why should he turn his
contribution to his country's cause over
to self-appointed  manipulators  of pat
riotic pretense that is, to say the least,
more than apt to bo of doubtful virtue.
Why should any portion of tho patriots
cash  bo absorbed  for the purpose of
Iteeping a staff of charity leeches from
going hungry, and maintaining ollicos
for theso worthy traffickers in the patriotism of others? All such funds should
go through government channels direct,
id  thus  bo  safeguarded    from    such
sticky fingers as  might otherwise   be
brought in eon tact with them.   Is it not
a gross libel upon truo patriotism to allow theso charity manipulators to work
their   doubtful   schemes   under   such
Of course
a job lot of local  would-be celebrities
lind a happy chance under such circumstances to impress tlieir chenp Importance upon public notice, but the virtue
of patriotism should be hold sufficiently
snored to prevont the possibility of ils
being prostituted to such u cheap und
vulgar display of smnll calibre talent
and inordinate thirst for fame.
Wonderful Is the Lawi
A young lady, who brought suit
against tbe Traders' Building associn-
tion (Winnipeg) for injuries received in
their building was awarded $5482 in n
trial by jury, and the chief justice set
aside the award and the appeal court
upheld his decision, holding thnt the
young womnn was an employee of n tenant, und as the tennnt had mado no
complaint of the conditions whieh resulted in hor Injury, she had no claim
for damages. Ye gods nnd little fishes!
Aro humon beings more chnttels or bond
slaves in the eyes of the law to this
20th century!   Nextl—The Voice.
UBOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Oct. 22—
MONDAY, Oct. 23—Amalgamated Engineers: Patternmakers;
Eloctrical Workers No. 213 j
Stroot Railwaymen's Executive.
TUESDAY, Oct. 24 — Barbers;
Brotherhood Loco. Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 25—Streot
Railwaymen; Press Feeders'
Com.
TUR8DAY, Oct. 20—Milk Wagon
Drivers; Machinists.
FRIDAY, Oct. 27—
SATURDAY, Oct. 28—Bakers.
The Big Drive.
As everybody knows, the big drive
along the western front has now been
undor way for several months. And now
comes the big drive on the Vancouver
terrain, to uso a military euphemism.
Tho precious agglomeration of self-
styled patriots who are manipulating
tho "patriotic fund" scheme, aro to bo
no longer content to handle such cash
as may como into their hands through
voluntary contributions mado by those
whoso finer feelings may prompt them
to donate for the relief of those made
needy through their bread-winners having gnno to the war. This worthy band
of patriots militant, is now to send its
captains and marauders abroad throughout the land to round up the funds requisite to insure a continued lease of
life to tho precious scheme. Mention
was mndo in these columns last weok of
the threat that had nlrcndy been mado
by one of tho chief patriots involved in
tho schemo, thnt pressure wns to bo
brought to boar upon all who hnd not
contributed to thc fund, unless thoy
camo through. If they fniled to do so
their names woro to be published. In
other words, they were to bc blackmailed into compliance with tho schemers'
demands. Since tlio threat wns mado,
things hnvo taken a turn for n still
moro drnstic drag for the money. According to the daily press, the plan is
now ob follows: Tho city is to bo thoroughly drngged by moans nf a house to
house canvass, conducted under the captaincy of some forty well-known business men, who have consented to act.
The list of business men given' shows a
splendid assortment of tnlent along that
lino, including lawyers, merchants, ronl
estate   peddlers,   politicians,  aldermen
'and a considerable sprinkling  of   un-
clnssifinblo, except as available for any
old business scheme that might appear
in the oiling.   Thoro is sufficient in the
personnel of this general staff to assure
that the campaign will be relentlessly
pushed, nlso to arouse tho suspicion that
patriotism is much more of a business,
and much less of a virtue, thnn a great
mnny of us supposed.   A system of enrd
indexing, and a follow up, is being arranged and a wholo week is to bo do-
votod to wringing patriotic cash out of
everybody, utterly regardless of whoth-
or they uro inoculated   with   patriotic
virus or not.   No matter if a turnip bo
bloodless, the effort is to be made to get
at least  something red  out  of it,  rod
gold if nothing else.   Fancy the impu-
Icneo of this gang of worthy business
men going uround the working clnss districts and iu the name of patriotism
trying to pry, beg, blackmail or other-1    There
wise frighten cash, even pntriotic cash, J minister
out of a sot of economic circumstances'
undor which meat hns   become   littlo
moro thnn the dim and distant memory
of a taste, and tho nonrest approach to
a loaf of bread possible within tho limit
of tho nvorago income, is an anaemic
littlo bun tho size of a man's fist, that.
is if he is not too big a man.   Tho Federationist 's advice to ench and all, who
depend for   tlieir   existence upou  the
wnges prevalent throughout this neck of
the woods, is to promptly and emphatically show tho door nnd gate to any'
Impudent beggars, blackmailers or bulldozers for patriotic, or any other impositions  of  that  clinrnctcr,  who  may
present themselves and their impudent
schemes for consideration.   Those who
hnvo funds and are silly enough to find
no other and moro effective means of
aiding   their   country in its hour of
trouble, than  to pour their substance
into tho hands of self-nppointod custodians  of tho dynamics of patriotism,
nre hereby urged to stand and deliver
nt tho command of beggors and black-;
mailers, whenever they show up.
When All Is Sold and Done.
Tho British Empire docs not need to
bo the recipient of charity.   As far as
The Fcderutionist   knows,  the   Empire
has never yet solicited such aid.   The
same is true of tho Dominion of Canada, and all othor self-governing parts
of that Empire    AU of these charity
Schemes appear to have como into existence through the initiative of individuals acting on their own behalf, and for
a purpose of tlieir own creation.   They
have hud official sanction only through
passivo toleration, chiefly.   Presumably
this toleration has been allowed through
the weakness of officials, who have fallen into tho belief that such schemes
served a worthy purpose.      Tho only
worthy purposo that any charity scheme i
ever served was tho eminently worthy
ono of enabling the manipulators to cat
regularly from the funds raised for the
alleged purposo of relieving tho noedy
Tho needy have alwnys proven upon investigation to be, first tho manipulators
of tho schemo, and thon if there has
beon anything left, which it is but fair
to Btate somotimos happens, some other
really needy porson might stand a show
of getting a crumb or two.   But at the
best, nothing has thus beon accomplished thnt is of any permanent vnluo to
the needy.   A little temporary relief is
THERE WAS a large turnout of dele-
gates at last inght 'a regular meeting
of the TradeB and Labor council. President MeVety, as delegate to the recent
convention of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada, made a very leng*
thy and interesting report. Thero were
threo delegates from Vancouver in attendance. AU told there were some 280
representatives present from all parte of
Canada. The chief topic dealt with by
Congress was the Industrial Disputes
Act. Tho question had beon referred by
tho Vancouver convention last year to
the exocutive board to deal with. Solicitor J. O'Donoghue hud been engaged
at a fee of $1000 to draft a new act to
bo approved by the Congress. The
delegates condemned the minister of
Labor for the maladministration of the
act. The miners' strike on Vancouver
island was cited as a glaring instance,
likewise tbe strike this yoar of tbe asbestos miners of Quebec. Tbe asbestos
mines of that province produced about
80 per cent, of tho total output of tbe
world's supply of this mineral. There
woro about 1400 miners working at this
industry. Prior to tho war they received $1.75 a day. Sinco tho war, however, tho Canadian Asbestos company,
the chief promoters of the combine, had
endeavored to reduce wages to $1.50 *
day. Tho men objected to this and organized a branch of the Western Federation of Miners for self protection. A
Lnbor commissioner was sent to tho
minus to adjust the differences between
the men und mine operatives. Ha told
tho strikers that if tney went on strike
without first consulting tho Labor department that they were liable to finos
or imprisonment. On theso presentations the men npplied to the department
of Labor for a board of conciliation and
arbitration. Tht* minister of Lnbor,
after considering tho situation, held
that five classes of workers were concerned, and that only one board eould
be appointed by him.
Men Refused Offer.
wns nothing to prevent tho
of Labor appointing fivo
boards if ho so desired. The men refused the offer of ono board, and subsequently went on strike. Tho government then let looso several hundred of
interned aliens to work as strike-breakers under a heavy guard. A number of
these interned aliens joined the Federation of Miners. The soldiers, acting
under orders, look these unfortunates
back to camp.
A now factor arose at this state of
affairs. Tho archbishop of tho district
wherein the minors wero on strike, nt
the instigation of the company, persuaded some 100 of the miners tu join what
was called tho Confessional union.
Tho Lnbor commissioner went down
to settle tho strike and to arrange a
new working agreement, but wns hampered by this now organization. However, after almost impossibilities ho got
for tho men #1.75 a day, but tho company did almost as it plcuscd, ns the
church itself was heavily interested financially in the mines.
The commissioner of Lnbor, a member
of carpenters union, beenmo so disguBt-
ed at this stnto of affairs that ho resigned forthwith.
The reply nf tho minister of Labor to
theso allegations wns so unsatisfactory
that nfter a vory prolongod debato by
Congress, it wus resolved almost unanimously to ask for the repeal of tho Industrial Disputes Act.
Miss Hughes, a nieco of Sir Snm
Hughes, in a much applauded speech to
the delegates, condemned tho system in
voguo of munitions factories at Toronto,
Sho said women worked long hours for
as low ns five cents an hour.
Thc convention would meet nt Ottawa
next year.
Jitney' Drivers.
Thos. L. Hughos, general secretary
Teamsters-Chauffeurs, Stablemen nnd
Helpers' Internntionnl union, Indianapolis, Ind., wroto thnt "there should bo
very littlo trouble in having tho jitney
drivers in Vnncouver affiliate with that
organization; that the central body will
have to do the best it can to organize
tho jitney drivers."
W. Yutes, secretary New Westmin-
(Continued on pngo 2)
bleed and dio in its defence, is not
worth fighting for, and ho who goes
forth for that purpose and loaves hiB de-
tho most that can possibly bo realized I pendent ones nt tho morcy of every
through such futile nnd silly schemes.
Onco more do wo protost against this
wickedness nnd folly. Any one worthy
of nssistnnco is entitled to it, not ns a
matter of charity, dependent upon tho
whim, circumstances or caprico of in
dividimls nnd Bchemers, but ns a matter
of right and duty at the hands of tho
Empire, Dominion, provinco or city, as
the caso may be. If thero aro wives and
children, who aro without nmplo means
of support owing to tho fact that husband and father, or othor breadwinner
has gono forth to flght for his country,
jt is up to that country to provido for
the needs of such, nnd not leave thoso
dependent ones to tho uncertain mercies
of haphazard charity schemes and thoir
too ofton callous manipulators. Any
country that cannot and will not make
iltabfo and proper provisions for tho
dependonts of thoso who go forth to
scheming wind that blows, makea the
supreme blunder of his foolish lifo. And
no truo patriot can for a moment tolor-
ato, aid, or abet any scheme that in any
manner trades upon that love of country
that at alt times prompts him to do nnd
dare in its behalf. Those who trado
upon patriotism, whether tho proflt of
such trading bo in cash, or self-sought
notoriety, aro but spurious patriots, to
say tbo very loast that can be said of
thom, by any one who hns regard for
tho truth. When all is said and done,
it is to be hoped that the pooplo of
Canada nnd tho whole Empiro have been
sufilciontly fed up on theso charity exploiting schemes, to from now on turn
their backs upon them and refuse longer
to como through. Let them bo cut oat
and steps at once taken to deal sensibly
and decently with tho matter of providing for those who requiro assistance. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY ..October 20, 1916
INCOEPOBATED 18KB
THB
Molsons
Bank
CAPITAL tnd BBSEBVE
18,800,000
96 Braschai ln Canada
A general banking business transacted, circular letters of credit.
Bank money orden.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
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THE
INCORPORATED
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Asset. ..
Deposits .
, |fl«,000,000
.  18,000,000
Household Banking
Accounts
In The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. The accounts may be
opened iu the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
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year.
P.ld up upltl..
Beseire fond   ...
1,000,000
6,489,888
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sta.
If you are interested
in securing a free 160-
acre homestead along
the new P. G. E. Railway, in the fertile valleys of Northern British
Columbia write for par-,
ticulars to DRAWER 3,
c|o Federationist, Room
217, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & Oo.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Some oflOur Beit Cnitomeft
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vanoouver. In some
oases, where a customer
MAT NEED EASY TEEMS
we are willing to talk it over.
Come in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture in
British Columbia.
11 HABTTMOS ST., WEBT
W. R. OWEN
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doom
and wlndowi.
2337 MAIN BT. Phone: Pair. 447
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist. Limited
R. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Room 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:   $1.50 per year;   in Vancouver
City, ?!2.00;  to unions subscribing
in D  body,  $1.00
REPRESEfoTATIVES
Now Westminster W.  YatPB, Box  1021
I'rinco Rupert W. E. Denning, Box SHI
Victoria..... A. S. Wells. Box  1538
labor, in the columns of the press of
late. The Victoria papera have been especially noteworthy in this respect. The
workers may feel assured that they hnvo
not heard the last of it. These press
intfl aro evidently straws showing
which .way the wind blows.
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World'
..October 20, 191(1
The present and prospective extravagant prico of wheat appears to bc
almost purely speculative. There is
no crop siutation to justify it. Any
such price as a dollar and a half to
two dollars is psychological. Speculators have done what they could to
produce this frame of mind* and panic
does the rest. This year's world crop
is less than last year's, but last
year's product was far above tho
average. An immense quantity of
last year's crop is stored somewhere.
The total product of 1915 and 191G
equal to that
British
Columbia
Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. Britlah Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 acrea
to Actual Settlers—
Free
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three yeara; Improve'
ments to the extent of $5 per
aere; bringing under cultivation
at least Ave acres.
For further Information apply to
DEPUTY MINISTER 07
LANDS, VICTORIA, B. 0.
SECRET AST, BUREAU Of
PBOVINOIAL  INFORMATION,
VIOTOBIA, B, 0.
IT HAS BEEN mentioned in tho public press that a large number of Chinese aro being brought into France
for tho purpose of doing thc work that
was formerly done by men who are being sacrificed upon
STRAWS SHOW tho altar of war. Wo
DIRECTION believe that colored
OP WIND. laborors from Afri
ca aro also being
brought in for thc same purpose. Presumably tho assurance is being giver
tho French workors that this labor sup
ply is to be only considered as a temporary expedient in order to cope with
thc war situation, and the imported
slaves will be returned to their respective countries when tho war is ended
Some there are who will remember o
similar importation of Chinese into
South Africa during the Boer war, and
the fierce agitation against it that was
kicked up by the British and South
African workers. Not that tho importation of slavos into any capitalist eountry is any new thing, for it ib a line of
business that has long been followed,
and from which much toothsome proflt
has beea gleaned. That thia war is giving this particular traffic a vigorous
booBt is not difficult to understand, for
it must easily be seen that sueh a tremendous slaughter of slaves as that going on in Europe will sa deplete the
number required to conduct the industrial operations in the warring lands
that a replenishing of the supply from
other and more peaceful countries must
Inevitably follow. And that is as it
should be, for is not the earth a huge
capitalist plantation, everything upon
which belongs to the masters and owners thereoff Such being the case, who
dares dispute the right of the lawful
owners thoreof to ship their chattels
and goods to whatever part of the plan
tation may suit their fancyf
• *       *
That the same method of dealing with
the alleged scarcity of labor in this
province, resulting from tho heavy exportation of cannon food to Europe, is
being entertained and alvocated in certain quarters is shown through the columns of the daily press. A recent issue
of tho Victoria Times contained a com*
munication dealing with the matter of
indentured Chinese labor being introduced into British Columbia for the
purpose of cheaply clearing land for immigrant settlers, and such soldiers as
might escape the roll of honor and desire to become horny-handed agriculturists, after the war is over. The writer
of the communication iu question signs
himself as "A Soldier's Friend." The
bona fides of his friendship is seriously
open to question, however, by virtue- of
the implied intention of inflicting the
penalty of trying to make r living by
agriculture in British Columbia upon
any man who had been patriotic enough
to do his bit for his country in the
trenches of Europe. In his advocacy of
"indentured Chinese" labor, the precious correspondent of the Times refers
to the great work that has already been
accomplished in the United States,
"with the help of rougher and tougher
and cheaper labor material than white
men, whose logical henchmen the black
and yellow and brown races have been
from the beginning of all work." Anything in the shape of a human slave
that is any "roughter and tougher and
cheaper" than the white brand of that
articlo, certainly needs no further recommend to establish his desirability,
from the standpoint of a dealer in and
user of such goods. If the "indentured
Chink" fits the description, especially
regarding the attribute of cheapness,
thero is no capitalist reason why the
provinco Bhould not bo filled up with
them.
* *      *
Tho workors of this provinco mny rest
assured that thoy will have the problem
of an importation of cheaper labor
forced upon them in tho near futuro. At
Itmut there is much to warrant the Blip-
position that the employers will reach
out for some relief from the unfavorable, to them, condition of the labor
market resulting from tho war. The
soldiers who are fortunate enough to
return safely from the front ore more
than likely to flnd employment less
plentiful and remunerative than was the
case before they enlisted. All moves
looking towards the importation of
cheaper labor, whether under tho pretense of clearing lands for returning
war veterans or otherwise, should be
frowned down by the white workera already here. At least a vigorous pro-
teat should be put up against it. The
wages in British Columbia are far too
low as it is, to allow any worker to live
except in a narrow and 'tlnsatisfactory
manner. There Is no danger of wages
ever rising to a point where thc recipi
ent will run the risk of contracting the
gout through too high living. Should
they become so high that employors can
no longer pay them, they have always a
way ont of the difficulty. They can do
their own woA-and save their money.
In addition to ihe communication referred to, many other references have been
made to this matter of cheap Chinese
ago, Wilfrid 6ribrJlo, a socialist, during
an address took occasion to remark that
King George V. was only a more puppet
or figurehead. That the real government of Britain lay with the class that
owned and controlled tho means of production upon which all depended for
tlieir living. While these may not have
been his exact words, in substance this
was the gist of his offending. Gribble
was promptly arrested for sedition and
received u sentence of some months in
jail. About the same time, "Jock"
Roid, another socialist, and at the time
a candidate for the Alberta house at
the next election, was arrested and
given a term in jail for stating that he
had read placards that had been put up
at Winnipeg just after the Boor war, in
of nny other two which it was stated that no English
years of recent history. Wheat has noo'd apply for certain jobs that were
no right to be so high as it is, nnd ;(,fTered. The heighth of "Jock's" of-
nertninly hns no right to go higher.— L * ,j ,\ ■*-(-,-
NewB-AdvertiBer. .tending seems to have consisted in his
. '. [showing to the prospective recruit that
A3 THE dictionaries define Psycho- j all the workors got out of the Sff.ith
logy aB the scionco of the soul, or | African wnr Was the can that was tied
tho science of mind, it is not at to thoir tails whon they needed jobs
first sight clear how a prico of a "dol- after it was over.   This was too much
lar  and  a  half to  two  dollars" per for   British   justice,   of   the   Alborta
bushel    for    wheat j brand, so "Jock" Roid got his.   We
can     b e      termed j bolibvo that both Gribble and Roid were
par with that of the voter of the
bifurcated outer garment. Evory contemptible and narrow little prejudice
that can be born from ruling class passion and vindictiveness, finds ready
Iodgment\in such fruitful soil. That
which these female voters havo been
reviling men for withholding from
them, they would now withhold from
those of their sex, who have, without
design upon their part, been born upon
the other side of an imaginary line.
Such breadth of vision and intellectual
display may be safely taken as an indication of the politicnl 'uplift that may
be expected now that woman is coming
into ber own, as an enfranchised member of the politico-economic family. Tho
Augean Btables of political idiocy will
no doubt bo speodily cleansed by this
female political HerculeB.
HIGH PRICE
OP WHEAT
EXPLAINED.
"psychological."
To most of those
who havo to pay tho
prico it appears to be something far
more substantial and real than the human soul, or the human mind, or the so-
called science that professes to deal
with such metaphysical abstractions.
But whon it is clearly undor.Btood thnt
"in respect to method, psychology is
divided into two great divisions: Analytic, or introspective, psychology, devoted to description of mental processes
as they aro immediately apprehended;
and experimental psychology, which includes (1) psychophyslca, sometimes restricted to the relations of physical stimuli to sensations, and sometimes extended to includo (2) psychophyslology,
or psychological psychology, which
treats psycopathology and psychical
processes in their mutual relations, and
(3)psycopathotogy, which is tho study
of aberrant mental conditions, and includes psychiatry and abnormal psychology," it becomes as plain as a pike-
stnff that the price of wheat ia something akin to that which the News-Advertiser alleges. Once thia is understood
thero will no doubt be less complaint
mnde about the payment of these high
prices. And why,-indeed, should thero
be any complaint over a matter that is
so unmistakably psychological, that ia
of the soul, so to speak. It ia a happy
explanation of tho high price of wheat,
How decidedly unfortunate it is that it
does not equally nccount for the high
prices of everything else, Psychological! That's the beBt yet, and the truth
is that it is about e>h near a correct explanation of this prico matter, na over
a capitalist authority gets.
ON OCT. 1, Mr. Henry BourasBaad-
dreBBed a meeting of between five
and six thousand people nt Nico-
let, Que.    It is well-known that Mr.
Bourassa is bitterly opposed to the war
that is now on
SEDITION Europe, and that hii
IN B. 0. AND       Influence has been
QUEBEC. thrown against re*
cpuiting in Quebec.
He haa upon frequent occasion openly
and consistently opposed Cnnndn tnking
any part in the European struggle, and
has emphatically declared that Britain's
pretenao of being in tho war for the
purpose of upholding the rights of Belgium and other small nations, was sheer
hypocrisy and humbug. He has not
been arrested for sedition. During hia
speech at the meeting at Nicolet, Mr,
Bourassa said:
In 1904 Lnurior came back to his
policy of non-intervontion; ho was
elected on this in 1907. This did not
suit tho Imperialists and the mauufac
fcjrers of ships and gunB. Whilo these
men como and toll you French-Canadians
that you are cowards for not fighting to
put down German militarism, do you
know that at this moment, there ia not
German cannon ball fired without
there being thirteen membera of the
Engliah peornge, sixty deputies of tho
house and 300 well-known Englishmen,
somo of them ministers and bishops of
tho Church of England, making proflt of
flftoen or twenty por cont.
"Tho German and English interests
in this industry mado a trust so that the
armaments of Germany help the Engliah
capitalists and the armaments of England holp the Germans. Lord Boresford
asked Promier Asquith, 'Hnve you confiscated the profits accumulated in England to tho benefit of German shareholders for the construction of English
shipH nnd gunBt' Asquith did not dare
reply, Whyf Becoluse in England and
Franco thero is cupidity which knowB
no raoo, no religion. Tho EngliBh Imperialists are victims of this/just as tbe
Germans are and when the war is over;
when we have given the blood of our
children, not to snvo France or England,
but to enrich the diabolical men in
Frnnco, Italy, Germany, England, who
aro speculating in blood and human
flesh. They como and tell you the exterior of tho war but they don't tell you
all they know. I learned this, not from
German sourcea, but from English
sources. I am not willing to sell,myself
for a position as minister or deputy to
the men who are speculators in human
fleBh."   (ApplauBe.)
It would seem that if there was anything that could be said calculated to
prejudice recruiting, the words of Mr.
Bourassa might All the bill. Surely if
he spoke the truth no sane man would
feel like risking his liberty in a cause
that had nothing less sordid behind it
than Mr. Bourassa's words would Imply. What working man would be fool
onough to offer hia life lh defense of
such brut il ind callous Interests as the
armament schemes of British peers and
Church of England parsonst But Mr.
Bourassa has not yet been arrested and
prosecuted for sedition. At least not so
that you would be able to notice It. So
much for sedition in the province of
Quobec.   Stick a pin there.
. *      *      ♦
Down in New Brunswick a year or so
let out before they had served their
full sentences, this being brought nbout
through intercoBBionB in their behalf by
the Trades and Labor Congress of Can
ada and othors.
♦ *      *
A little over two and a half months
ago, John Griffen, a workingman, waa
arrested in this city upon a charge of
sedition. It seems the terrible words
that he uttered were called forth
through aome trifling altorcation with a
policeman, in which were involved some
two or three other workingmen. A
small quantum of good Canadian booze,
that had been presumably distilled aad
bottled according to the form, method
and procedure duly provided by law,
and from the manufacture and sale of
which his majesty's revenue had been
fully paid, seems to have gotten mixed
up with the rest of the merchandise in
the fracas and evidently loosened the
tongue of the culprit to such an extent
thnt ho gave voice to certain sentiments
relating to British rulers and institutions that in saner and more reflective
moments he would not have thus ex-
1. But tho British throne rocked
upon its foundations in consequence of
the awful asservations of tho luckless
Griffen, a rocking that could not bo,
and was not stopped, until thc culprit
wns snugly nnd thoroughly ensconced
behind the bars of his majesty's local
bastile. Justice is not only blind, but
slow. Griffen was hold in durance vile
for two and a half montbs, nwaiting the
sitting of his majesty's assize court.
Thon Griffen got hia. Ho got it in tho
shape of a sentence of six months at
hard labor. It is not a matter of record
thnt Griffen said one-half as much as
did Mr. Bourassa at Nicolot, Bourassa
addressed thousands^ while Griffon's
auditors consisted of two or three men
and a cop. From tho respective consC'
quences resulting from the utterances of
Griffen and Bourassa, it seems that
Griffen is the dangerous one, whilo
Bourassa looks like three plugged dimoB
in comparison. Neithor Griffen, Gribble
nor "Jock" Reid cnn afford to longer
recognize Bourassa as a seditionist without divesting themselves of much of the
dignity that belongs to thoBe who .are
proficient at their calling. With Griffen
held in jail two and a half months
awaiting trial, and then getting six
montha at hard labor for a few incnuti-
ous utterances that were probably not
without truth and merit, any further
comment upon British justice as administered in British Columbia would bo
superfluous.
* *      *
According   to   tho   Nows-Advertisor,
John Griffon, as lie stood in the dock at
the assizes, appeared to be "a most
manly fellow and a most unusual type
of prisoner. Invited by his curnsel to
say whether ho wished to enlist, he
stated that the man who offered hie
services should not do it in a spirit of
barter or as an exchange for a prison
sentence." It woJuld appear from this
that somo sort of a bargain wns offered
Griffen, whereby he might avoid serving hiB sentence, and that bargain was
that ho enlist. This offer must have
been \nown to the court, for, to quote
the News-AdvertiBer, "so far as enlisting was concerned, the court added that
if Griffen had expressed a desire to enlist it would hnve shown he did not
mean what he had aaid." "What he
said," refors to thnt for which he was
arrested. Such an offer having beon
mnde, at least with the cognizance of
the court, and having been turned down
by Griffen in the words above quoted, a
splendid opportunity is offered to he
who feels Inclined to draw a comparison between Griffen and he who sat in
judgment upon him. The Federationist
will draw no comparison in this case,
for sueh a comparison might be made
odioua to one side of the other.
"A STRONG MAN'S HOUSE"
A copy of this latest novel, by Francis Neilson, comes to us from the publishers, tho Bobbs-Merrill company, Indianapolis, Ind. Thc plot of thc story
is laid in England, beginning withthe
years just prior to the brenking out of
the grent conflict that is now devastating Europe and destroying hor civiliza
tion. Tho story centres around the fam
ily of a typical middle-class English
Nonconformist, who by fortunate business ventures, comes Into possession of
a considerable country estate, aa woll as
attaining a position of prominence and
power ns a large manufacturer of war
munitions. In consequence of his parti
cular line of business, he becomes n
member of parliament, so as to bo able
to bring whnt influence he can to bear
upon the furtherance of that illusion,
peculiar to thoBe who deal iu munition
and war appliances, that the way to preserve pence is to prepare for war. Out
of these initial circumstances the author
has brought forth a gripping picture of
the nwful consoquences resulting from
this military obsession nnd othor ruling
clnss hnllucinations, consequences that
nre destroying forever all that is worth
having in the life of those nations that
are engagod in the suicide of blood-
mndnesa. So clearly and cleverly is the
picture drawn, that the render can nlmost fancy himself living the life of
rurnl England and participating in all
of the bitter experience and trnvnil thnt
is falling to tho lot of the common people and all who nbhor human slaughter,
in the face of this terrific reversion to
the brutnl savagery of thc middlo nges.
The nuthor draws a scnthinp picture of
the hollow mockery, the canting hypoc-
risv nnd thc servile parasitism of the
established cTmreh, the clumsv nnd brutnl blundering of government, whilo nn
emnsnulnted house of commons sits idly
bv without other excuse for its continued existence thnn thnt of functioning
ns n memorial tablet tn the liberties of
tjho Wast of militarism. "A Stronr
Man's Hniioe" mnv be profitnblv rend
bv everv British subiect who does not
fenr to hnve litrht thrown unon current
events, -nnd thnt which has led up to
them. Tt is doubtful, however, whether
the powers thnt be will develop nny
pronounced enthusiasm over its publication nnd circulation, within the greatest
Empire on earth. It should bo read bv
every citizen of the United Stntos, for
citizens may snfelv rend whnt. is often
forbidden to subjects. They should rend
principally for the purpose of avoiding
ever becoming subjecta.
THE   STRONG' MAN'S   HOUSE-
Frnncis   Neilaon.     The   Bobbs-Merrill
Company, Indianapolis, Ind.   $1.50 net.
AS GdOD AS GOLfc       \
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
SAVE ALL BOTAL OBOWN COUPONS AND WBAPPEBS
THEY ABE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
feci
FIRE INSURANCE
Wo would be glad to quote you rates
on your fire insurance. We aro making
a specialty of this department, and will
guarantee you as cheap rates as can bo
had, also complete satisfaction in all
your transactions.
JOHN A. BARBER
590 Richards St. Tel. Sey. 4434
VANCOUVER UNIONS
Mj
sentation, inBtoad of by wards aa at
present prevails.
Labor Candidates.
On motion of Delegate McMaster, the
executive committee was instructed to
take steps to form a mmittoen5Pcr co
report re the formation of a Labor
party and as to the feasibility of nominating candidates to contest the next
elections.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
firat and third Thursdaya. Executive
board! Jamea H. McVoty, preaident; R, JL
Mylei, vice-president; Victor R. Mldgley,
tumoral socrotary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, treasurer; W. H. GotterllL statistl-
clan; sergeant-at-arm», John Sully: A J
Crawford, Jas,C^PJwlJ. Brooks' trusteea
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES "COUNCIL^
Meets second Monday In the month.
I'roHident, J, McKinnon: secretary. R H
Noolunds, P, 0. Box 66
White Renominated.
John P. White has "received a decisive majority" and has been nominnted
to succeed himself aa president of the
United Mine Workers of America. Hia
chief opponont was John H. Walker.
This announcement wns made at the international headquarters in Indianapolis, Ind. Secretary Green and Vice-president Frank J. Hayes had practically
no opposition.—New York Observer.
BUSINESS AGENT DIRECTORY
Ask for Labor Tempi*  'phone Exchange,
Seymour   7486   (aniens   otherwise   stated).
Waitresses—Room    804,
-E. H. Morrl-
Cooki,     Waiters,
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workers   (outside)'
son, Room 207.    Sey. 3610.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenne. Offloe phono, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L,
Longshoremen's Asaoclatlon—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell atreet; phone Sey. 6869.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 305.
Sailors—W. 8. Burns, 218 Hastings street
weat.     Sev,   8703.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 6000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 206.
CONGRESS    DELEGATE
REPORTS TO COUNCIL
(Continued from Page 1.)
TRADES UNION DIRECTORY
It has been discovered that oysters
have a nasty habit of thriving best in
waters polluted by sewage, but in so
doing, they load themselves tip with
deadly disease germs. All working men
nre hereby cautioned to sterilize their
oysters before eating them, Aa an additional safeguard, it would be well not
to indulge in oyster banquets with too
reckless frequency, Skip an oyster feed
once in a while, and take on a cargo of
eornod beef and cabbage.
"After securing votes, a deputation
of women waited on Attorney-General
Hudson of Manitoba and asked that
foreign women of the provlnee be not
granted the franchise,." Thus roadeth
a press telegram. This affords an excellent opportunity to size up the Intel*
ligonce that lies behind the newly acquired female vote.  It ii evidently on
ster Tradea and Labor council, letter ro
jitney drivers, was flled.
Laundry Workers.
C. K. Gordon, inspector of factories,
wrote at length re investigation of
hours of labor being observed by the
laundry companies, except in a fow
cases, are complying with the law. A
committee waa appointed to report on
thia matter, composed of Delegates
Midgley, McVety and Trotter.
H, C. Brewster, M. L. A.-olect, wrote
in reply regarding the employment of
girls or women in factories for a greater
length of time than permitted under the
factories' Act. After the inauguration
of tho new government he will lay this
matter before the proper officials with
tho object of seeing that the law is
strictly enforced.
Patriotic Fund.
President McVety said that 3553
families nnd 4873 children were provided for in this city, Each family received, nn averngo of $20.67 a month,
the total amount spent monthly being
$69,556.75. The families of munition
workera were ullowed by the Imperial
government a monthly allowance of $17.
The president said that he took up this
matter with Mr. Stevens, M. P., aud
favored amending the patriotic fund act
so as to apply to munition workera, Thia
proposition was approved by the council.
Beports of Unions.
Delegate Swartz, of the Cigarmakers,
reported trado good; that thero were
vacancies for 35 union cigarmakers.
Delogato Crawford of the Sheet Metal
Workers, reported trade as active.
All moving picture show houses wero
fair to union labor but one on Granville streot.
Labor Gazette Correspondent.
Hon. T. W. Crothera, replying to the
council re the local correspondent of the
Labor Gazette, aaid that so long as he
continued to perform thia work satisfactorily, "it is not my practice to
mako any change in the position."
Delegates McVety and Benson were appointed to make a further report on this
matter.
The Cooks and Waiters have signed
up the new Boston lunch on Cordova
street,
The Standard Loaf.
After discussing this question a resolution was passed ih favor of standardizing a loaf of bread at 16 ounces, and
also wrapped, according to the act.
Constitution committee — Dolegates
Graham and Woodside were appointed
on this body, vice Delegates Armstrong
and Smith.
Delogatos Trotter and Corey were appointed aa delegates on the Vancouver
Institute
A protest was made to Chinese Students being allowed to enter the eountry
free of poll tax. Referred to the executive committee.
Abolish Ward System,
On motion of Delegate John Sally,
the council went on record as being favorable to the election of aldermen at
large by a syatem of proportional repre-
HAKTJSjNJJiilKS' LOCAL No. 67fl.—Office
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets flrst
Sunday of each month. President, James
Lwtipboll; financial secretary, li, Davii Box
424; phone, Soy. 4762; recording secretary.
Wm. Mottlabaw, Globe Hotol, Main street.
JOURNEYMAN BARBERS' INTEHNATION*
al Onion ot America, Local No. 120—
Meeta 2nd and 4th Todays ln tho montb.
Room 206 Labor Temple. Preaident, L. E.
Horrltt; (secretory, S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
atreet. *
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS' NO. 1—
Moots evory 1st and 8rd Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room U07. Preaident, P. Dickie; oor-
responding secretary, \V. S. Dagnall, Box 68;
financial socretary, W. J. Pipes] bualneaa
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room a 15,
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. a
U. B. W. of A.—Meets firat and third
Monday of each montb, Room 802, Labor
Temple, S p.m. Preaident, A. Sykes; secretary. Frank Graham, 2256 Twelfth avenue
weat.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meeta
flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue west:
secretary, A. Fraaer, 1161 Howe atreet.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S UNION OF THB
Paclflo—Meets at 437 Gore avenue every
Tueaday,  7 p.m.    Ruaaell Kearley, busineu
agont.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 218
—Meets in Room 206, Labor Temple,
evory Monday, 8 p.m, President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell street; recording secretary, R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; financial
secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207. Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
Bociation,  Local 88-52—Ofllce and hall,
10 Powell atroet.    Meets every Thuraday 8
&m.    Geo. Thomaa, bualneaa agent; Thomaa
ixon, socretary.
MACHINISTS, NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Thuradays at 8 p.r. President, J, Mclvor; recording secretary, J,
Brooks; financial secretary, J. H. MoVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7405.
AlUed Printing Tradei Council—R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Berbers—S. H. Grant, 1S01 7th avenue weat.
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424,
Blacksmiths—11. Cattoli, 2206 Fifteenth Avo.
West.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakera—A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street.
Brewery Workers—Prank Graham, 2256 12th
nvtu.uu west.
Brieklayera—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpentera Dlatrlct Couneil
—F, L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple,
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Hollowey, 1167 Harwood atreet. Seymour
1848R
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H. G. Savage, 1235 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—M. D.
Jordan, 1060 Granville atreet.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees— E. Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Ciftariuakera—W. H. McQueen, eare Kurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
CookB, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 304, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne.
Electrical Workers (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Harry, Columbia
Hotel,
Garment Workers—Mri. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Horaeshoers—Labor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenne west, .
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple,
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machlniats—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor*
Temple.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west,
Musicians—H. J, Brasfleld, Room 80S, Labor
Temple.
Molders—
Moving Picture Operators—H. 0. Roddan, P.
0. Box 846.
Order of Raflroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty street.
Palntera—Geo. Weiton, Room 808, Labor
Temple.
Plumbers —Room 206%, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611,
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia Bt.
PlastorerB—Geo. Rush, 2276 Fourteen Ave.
west.    Bayvlew 216L.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, North Vancouver, B. C.
Quarry Workers—James Hepbnrn, care Columbia Hotel.
Soatnen's Union—W.  8. Burns, P. 0, Box
Structural Iron Workera—Room 208, Labor
Temple.
Stonecutters—James   Rayburn,   P.   0.   Box
Stonecutters—
Sheet Metal Workers—J, W. Alexander, 2120
Pender etreet east.
Street Railway Employees—A, T. Lofting,
2661'Trinity'street. gl
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210. Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands. Box 66,
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln.
Box 711.
Tilelayers and Helper*—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-thlrd avenne east.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
tors' Union, Local 348, I. A. T. 8. E, k
M. P. M. 0.—Moots first Sunday of each
montb, Room 204, Labor Temple. President.
J. 0. Lachanoe; business agent, W. E, McCartney; financial and corresponding secretary, H. C. Roddan, P. 0. Box 845.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OJP NORTH
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meeta aecond and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue west; financial secretary, J. Campbell, 4860 Argyle
street; recording secretory, E, Westmoreland,
1512 Yew_itreot.   Phone Bayvlew 2698L.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY KM-
ployoes, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Tomple, -second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Presidont, W. H. (Vttrellj
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting, 2651 Trinity street; finanoial secretary and Imainefia agont, Fred A.
Hoover, 2400 Clark drlvo.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrat Tuesday in each month, 8 p.m. President, Francis Williams; vice-president. Miss
H. Gutteridge; recording secretary, 0. McDonald, Box 503; flnanclal secretary, H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 608J
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—Meeta
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
Presidont, Wm. H, Youhill; vice-president,
W. R. Trottor; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OP LABOR—MeeU
In annual convention In January. Exeoutlve offleen, 1916*17: President, Ju. H. MeVety; vice-presidents .— Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, 0, Slverti;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompson, P. 0. Box 168; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. ot A.
(Vancouver Ialand), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Soeretary-treesu-er, A, S. Wells, P.
0. Box 1688, Victoria, B. C.
OFFICERS OF THB AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOB      'OUBIUk
President—Samuel Gompers. Washington, D,
0.; Clgarmakers International union.
First vlce-prealdent—Jamea Duncan, Quincy,
Mus.; Granite /Cutters' International
anion.
Second vice-prealdent—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. 0.; International Association of Machinist!.
Third vice-president—D. A. Hayes, Philadelphia; Glass Blowers' association.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati; Molders' union of North
America.
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'ambers.
Sixth vloe-president—H. B. Perham, St.
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphers.
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis ; United Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio:
United Mine Workers.
Treaeurer—John B. Lennon, Blooulngton,
III.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secretary—Frank Morrison, Washington, D.
0.; Internationa] Typographical anion.
VICTORIA, B. C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meett first and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
p. m. President, G. Taylor; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 302, Victoria, B. C.        ' •' -
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1-80
p.m.   Seeretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
PRINCE RUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE   RUPERT TRADES AND  LABOR
Couneil—Meets seoond and fourth Tuesdays of each, month, In Carpenters' hall. Pre- *
aident,  S.   D.   Macdonald; secretary, J, J,
Anderson, Box 273, Prince Rupert. B. 0.
ORGANIZED LABOB COMPANIES.
B. 0. FEDERATIONIST, LIMITED—Meeta
at tall of president. Labor Temple, Vaneoaver, B. 0. Directors: James Campbell,
president; J. H. McVety, secretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman and A, S. Wells. R. Parm.
Pettlplece, managing director. Room 217,
Labor Temple.    Telephone Seymonr 7496.
FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE BODY
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CAN-
ADA—Meets In convention September of
each year. Executive board: Jas. 0. Witters,
president; vico-presldent, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. C.; secretary-treasurer, P, M. Draper, Drawer 616, Ottawa, Ont. __________
Vote agalnit  prohibition I    Demand per
■td       rt* In choosing whet yoa will drink.
Ale or Porter, u a guarantee that it Is Un-
.._. «_, "FUSE U ear Labal
Aik for .tbl* Ubel
Ala or Pc-*— — ~
Ion Hade.
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING BEODLA-
TION&
Coal mining righti of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
In •' portion of the Province of Britlah Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at ah annual rental of $1 an acre,, Not
more tban 2,660 acres will be leased to one
applicant.
Applications for lease mast be made by the
applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of tbe dlitrlet In which the righti applied
for are situated.
In inrreyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal inbdlvlilou of
seotlons, and In unsurveyed, territory the
tract applied .for ihall be staked hy the applicant hlmielf.
Eaeh application muit be accompanied by
a fee of 86, whieh will, be refunded If tbe
righti applied for are noi available bnt not
otherwise, A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mini at tke rate
of five centi per ton. ...
The person operating the mine ihall furnish the Agent with iworn returns accounting for tbe full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and par tbe royalty thereon..  If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returni should be f—f-*"J **
t furnished at least once
a year.
TI
right
to p
may .... ~-«—-.-.— --*.—-..— —- -■-
of the mine at tha nte or 810 m. aere.
'he  leue. will  Include  the  wtl  mining
maybe conildered necessary for the working
righti only, hat the lenee may, be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface righti
For fall Information applleatlnn should be
Sade to the Secretary of the Department of
, e.Interior, Ottawft,v<tr to any Agent or Bub-
W. H„ tt)RT.
_.„,.„,  „-. ■ pf thu Interior,.
■Unauthorised publication ef thli ad-
Agent ef Dominion Lands.
DepntyMmhrterjrf the tyfrior.
H.B. -  -
vertlsement win not be paid for—80610 ttibAt. October 20, iijlfl
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERAttONlST
M
•   SHOWING OF NEW
FLANNJELETTES
—offering the greatest variety and best value to be
seen in B. C. Never before were we as proud of our
Flannelette values as we are this season. With many
mills closed, others short of skilled help, prices today are very much higher than we arej|jng. We
purchased these when times were almoK"fiormal, and
the benefit of our foresight we gladly give our pat-
i-ons. The qualities we are showing today are the
same as we have sold for many years, with a soft *
fleecy finish, good strong heavy body, warm and satisfactory.
27 inches wide, per yard    /2%7/C
34 inches wide, per yard •w
36 inches wide, per yard -■•    *°c
IN STRIPE FLANNELETTE we are showing truly
wonderful values—all British made and dependable,
fast colors, strong ahd warm.
27 inches wide, per yard •*■**■%•
31 inches wide, per yard ■-   wo
35 inches wide, por yard   20c
33 inches wide, per yard ••••    2oc
36 inches wide, per yard   30o
HSMIMIY
Time Is Ripe for Political
Activity Along: LJne of
Class Interests
The Industrial and Political
Power Should Be
Co-ordinated
CANADA'S BEST
"The Beer Without a Peer"
A CANADIAN PRODUCT BREWED FROM CANADIAN
BARLEY AND HOPS
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthful, nourishing
beverage.
Ptats       FOR SALE EVERYWHERE       QUarts
$1.00 per       BREWED AND BOTTLED       $2.00 per
dozen AT THE BREWERT dozen
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
—LET THE—
HILLCREST DAIRY
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Oars is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having overy modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utenBilB aro thoroughly storllized before being used. The
milk comes from tho Fraser Itivor Valloy.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT 1931
THE HILLCREST DAIRY
181 FIFTEENTH AVENUE WEST
Named Shoei are frequently made in Non-
Union Factoriei—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what lte name, unless lt bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
BOOT ft SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobln, Pres.    O. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
Just off the Press
D
"The Genesis
and Evolution
of Slavery"
[BT E. T. KINC.SLEY]
. □        I
In response to a widespread demand, The Federationist has
reproduced the article which appeared in its Labor Day issue,
under the above oaption.
This little booklet of 64 pages contains a wealth of information regarding the economic basis of capitalist society, and the
position occupied by the working class within it.
It clears up much that has long oonfiised, not only the
workers themselves, but many others who have given thought
to the vexations and anomalies of modern civilization.
It is invaluable to every student Of sooial phenomena, and
especially to every member of the working olass.
lriloti of leu than 100 oopiei, per oopy, 10 centi postpaid.
tk 16ii of l6o or more, at 6 oenti per oopy. *,
The B.C. Federationist
Labor Temple, VANCOUVER, B. O.
The purchase in quantity is recommended to individuals,
trade unions, Labor and other organizations, for distribution
among members, either for sale or otherwise.
[By John L. Martin]
THE ARTICLE of A. S. WellB, secretary-treasurer of the B. C. Federa*
tion of Labor, in The Federationist of
Oct. 6, regarding tho politicul activities of the workers in the province, was
opportune. It is written at a time
when it becomes necessary to decide
whether tho provincial labor movement
should bo buried and forgotten, or
whether attempts should be made to ro
Burrect it. It iB with the purpose of
following up his appeal for action that
the present writer wishes to make the
following remarks.
If one wero a pessimist by nature he
would, without any scruples, pronounce
the Labor movement in British Columbia a grueBome tragedy. At all eventB
he would feel that way, were he to look
the facts in the face. The facts are
that after years of untiring efforts to
build up a potent working claBB move-
merit in the province, thoBe of us who
expended the moBt energy on that laudable purpose, find ourBelvea confronted
by a bunch of wreckage. It is of no
ubo to fool ourselves into thinking that
It is otherwise. Those who were on the
outside—and some on tbe inside—who
stood by and looked on might, cynically
smile at the spectacle, but to those who
were in the front of the battle-line, trying to strengthen the forces, it is n
matter of much discouragement. It is
to those who, though discouraged by the
sight of their blighted efforts; that we
must, however, appeal at this time.
They have struggled and some have
paid the price for their activities, yet
the sense, of defeat is an unknown element in their make-up. It is to thoBe
thnt the writer would address what Ib
to follow.
We have seen in British Columbia one
lino of netivity nfter another tried in
order to build up a virile movement of
workers in British Columbin. Some of
our efforts have failed nnd some have
been fruitful of success, that is temporarily. We have blundered in many instances, it is true, but in tho minority
of cases, thoy were the mistakes liable
to be made by any engaged in pioneer
work. They were mistakes we will be
honest enough to admit, but nt the snme
ttnie they wero experiences from which
to lenrn better courses of action for the
future.
Possibly the greatest errors mado
were in the political course taken, or
possibly to bo more correct, the lack of
a definite political course. The Federation has in the past confined itself more
to industrial activities than political.
While the latter course was originally
contomplated by those who lnunched
the organization into being, yet thnt
took a more or loss negative form. The
renson was not far to seek, nor wns it
entirely tho fault of the orgnnization or
those most active in its work. It was
not so much diffldenco in political effort
ns it wns tho wisdom of doing so at the
time. The obstacles were renl and difficult to solve. On one hand, there was
the constitutions of the various organizations barring the discussion of party
politics. On the other was the existence of working class political' partieB
engnged in endeavoring to unite the
workers on the political field. It was
thought at the time that so long as
theso organizations wore doing good and
useful work, that it would reveal lack
of wisdom on the part of the Federation to do anything that would embarrass them, or their efforts. It was for
that reason largely, that no definite
political policy was engaged ijw First
there was the S. P. of C, aii.aflgaiiiza-
tion that pioneered the causp'of socialism in the province and the Dominion
in a manner that calls for the highest
commendation. Then followed the 8, D-
P. of 0„ also doing good work. Both
these parties havo done work that the
gratitude of the workers ean nover repay. They havo propared the ground
for socialism and that cannot bo overlooked by any organization that undertakes to continue thoir work. Insido
tho provincial legislature or out of it,
they carried proletarian philosophy to
worker's brains, and carried on the education without which no up-to-date
working class organization could bo
possible.
But then what about the political
spectacle. Aftor all these years of effort, tho British Columbia workera are
without a solitary representative in the
legislature. Neither have thoy a spokesman, or tho necessnry machinery for
the placing of them beforo tho pooplo.
True, tho two parties still exist, but are
so handicapped as to make a thorough
organization of the working class vote
TWENTY-FIVE TEARS AOO
Trades and Lahor Council.
October 23, 1891
W. T. Green (Stevedores), and T.
Duncan (Iron Molders), took their seats
as delegatesTo the V. T. and L. C.
Chairman Bartley of the parliamentary committee, reported re the voting
strength of the unions at thc next municipal elections.
Delegate P. Cody reported progress
organizing a general laborers' union.
Thos. Oliver presided and Hugh Wil-
Boa acted as secretary.
The Original Purpose of Uie
Organized Forces
of Labor
an impossibility. What then must be
donef The question is a most difficult
one to answer, but some means must be
devised if the working class and its expression at the ballot box is to mean
anything. We had the movement of
the workers sapped by opportunists,
who hnvo used the workers for their
own personal or political, aggrandizement. We have had those who were
busily engaged in splitting hairs on fine
points of doctrine, even if they did split
organizations in tbe process. And if
tho now leaBe of lifo is given to the
politicul activities of tho British Columbia workerB, that must of a necessity
come, if anything ia to be done to better their conditions, thc blight of both
opportuinsm and pholosophic dry rot
must be eliminate^
Furthermore, something must be done
to co-ordinate industrial with political
power*- That both aro necessary is
proven conclusively by working clasB
hiBtory. An example of that waB shown
recently in the United States, when the
industrial power of the railroad organizations compelled the adoption of an 8-
hour day bill for railroad workers. Had
they representatives in congress, the bill
would have been framed up more favorably. Industrial organizations for some
reason or other fail to get past the policy of going to the halls of state on
their hands and knees. Before the election, the master class politicians beg
for support, while afterwards the workers do the begging.
Now is the time not ripe for the B.
C. Federation of Labor to "do something" politically! Obviously the only
way to hnve something done, is to do
somothing. The election of capitalist
class members of the legislature and
the nsking of them to do something,
ends nowhere. What is required is a
definite political policy outlined. How
it is done, either by a special convention
of the Federation, or by a referendum
vote of the entire organization is immaterial. That something must be done
ia painfully evident.
The B. C. Federation of Labor has a
stupendous task before it, that of consolidating the political and industrial
activities of the workerB of the province. If it is not prepared to, take up
the job, then in all fairness it should say
so. If it is not propared to "move on,'"'
then it should "move off." The movement that fails to move is no movement
at all.
VANCOUVER
PICKLE CO.
ASK FOB
B.C. HOME BRAND
PICKLES,
KETCHUP, SAUCE
Phone High. 21
Factory 801 Powell
M INCREASE
F6r Further Progress the
Workers Must Unite
Politically
[By Frederick Grimme],
(In The International Bookbinder)
THE TBADE UNION is here, in the
main, to accomplish two chief things
—the reduction of the working hours
and to increase the wages of the worker. The reason for shortening the hours
is not, primarily, for the purpose of giving the worker grcatbr leisure but to
give work to those out of employment
due to the advanced methods and introduction of labor-saving machinery.
The skilled hand-worker, in the past,
had his skill as an asset to strengthen
his cause, and Bince thore always was
an apprenticeship required to attain
such skill, the market for skilled and
expert hand-workers was, of course, limited, and this gave him somewhat of a
monopoly.
Things have changed, however. The
machine has come along and the skilled
hand-worker has been supplanted, to a
great degree, by the operator of the
machine.
In order to readjust things, or In
other words, to bring about a situation
where the men thrown out of work by
the. machine can also have an opportunity of earning a living instead of
having poverty staring th^m in the
face, the working hours must be reduced.
A single union may make a move in
this direction and it would be better if
the whole International made the move
at one nnd the same time, still better
if all the allied itnernationals in a kindred industry were to make such a
move; what would be better still if Buch
n demand were to be made by the whole
American federation of workors,
Still, all this effort on the economic
field, in the ultimate, can only be, at
beBt, an attompt by labor to hold itself
above water.
It is a remedy, but not a cure.
As long as the advanced methods of
production require such up-to-date and
expensive tools or machines, the worker
hns no chance of ever rising beyond his
estate of worker.
The ones who possess the readycapi-
tal are the ones who alone can own
such machines and the worker can only
Bell his labor power to such machine
owners.
The worker can readily Bee where he
is at a disadvantage, and while struggling to help himself with his smnll
economic organization he ofttimes forgets that after.all the economic question
is a political question.
The biggest question confronting the
working cIbbs everywhere, that of em-
plovmeiit, cnn finally only be settled by
political action. As I Baid beforo, it
would be better for all workers to make
Proportional Representation.
(Concluded)
Editor B. C. Federationist: The candidate, to ensure election, need not poll a
majority, but only a certain proportion
of the votes cast. The proportion of
votes sufficient to ronder certain tho la concerted demand, nnd I am not blind
Ask for
Thorpe's
Soft Drinks
Phone Seymour 181
election of a candidate is called the
quota. In a two member constituency
tho quota is one more than a third of
the votes cast, for not more than two
candidates can poll so many; three-
member constituencies one more -than
one-fourth, and so on. Therefore to ascertain the quota, divide the total of
votea by one more than,, the number of
seats to be filled nnd ndd one to tho result. This will givo you the number of
votes necesBary to elect a candidate.
The returning officer ascertains tho result of an election aa follows: (1) Ho
counts each ballot paper as one vote to
tho candidate marked one thereon*. Ho
ascertains, the number of votes obtained
by oach candidate, and the total number of voteB. (2) He ascertains the
quota, and declares elected the candidate who has secured it. (3) He transfers in strict proportion the surplus
votes; of those candidates who have received more than the quota and credits
thom to the unelected candidates indicated as the next preference of the electors, whose votes nro transferred.^ This
operation renders nil votes effective.
For instance, in an election A obtains
3000 votes, when, ho only requires 2000
votea. He will be nble to Bpare 1000
votes, or one-third of the whole of the
ballot on which ho has beon marked
with the figure 1. Tho returning officer
ro-Borts all tho 3000 papers according
to the names marked 2. Suppose the
result is that B is marked 2 on 2400
papers and C is marked 2 on 600 papers.
Candidato A can spare one-third of ull
hia 3000 votea. He can, therefore., spare
to B one-third of the 2400 on whicli B
is second choice, i. e., SOO. He can similarly spare C one-third of 000, on which
C is second choice, i. e., 200. Accordingly 800 votes are transferred to B and
to C. This makes it possible to
spread tho votes of a party over ns
mnny candidates ns possiblo without
wnsto. It is not enough to provide for
excessive concentration, excessive diffusion must nlso bo guarded against,
otherwise a party may waste ita voto by
reason of having miscalculated its
strength and running too many candidates. Tho returning officer eliminates
the candidates at the bottom of the
poll one aftor the other, by transferring their votes in accordance with the
wishes of their supporters, to the candidates indicated as next preferences.
This process is continued until the required number of cuudidates not eliminated, is reduced to the number of
seats still vacant. Thc candidates not eliminated are elected. It thus appears
that the effect of thc vote being made
transferable is to ensure that all parties or divisions of opinion received
their fair share of representation. The
secrecy of the ballot is presorved, and
yet the electors are allowed to form
into groups of the necessary size or
quota. Any body of electors containing
three sueh groups will win three -seats,
two sucb groups two seats, etc., and no
combination of parties as in the second
ballot, no bnrgnining between headquartera, no skilful orders to efcfctors
can possibly prevent a number of electors in a constituency equal to tbe quota
from obtaining tbo representation of
their choice. Tbis is the ijierit of the
system. Let popular feeling run ever
so strong, a firm and compact, minority
whb have courage and consistency to
stand together, will, get into the
"house" as many representatives of
their Own choice as their own numbers
to the difficulties that would have to be
surmounted. When workers look bnck
and take stock of the,situation, they
will find that it has taken a long time
to come down from ten to eight hours
nnd it will take even greater effort to
come down another two hours.
We havo not reduced our hours of
work in keeping with advanced machine production.
Just to tho degree that lnbor lags in
this respect, it is placed to tho same
dogree in a weaker position.
Whenever labor-saving machinery is
introduced, the hours aB woll must be
reduced.
If you are too weak to do this upon
the ecomonic field, thon you should use
your other weapon, tho ballot. I realize
that tho masters aro growing ever
stronger and stronger by nil the methods
that we see employed by advanced capitalism, and the worker who neglects to
protect himself by the exercise of the
greatest privilege possessed by froomon
is not only a laggard but a traitor, consciously or unconsciously, to his clnss, I
mean the working clnss.
All well-posted economic students arc
ngreed that further progress for lnbor
must bo tho result of their conscious
and united effort politically.
We surely will nnd must nrncped with
onr work on the economic field; nnd let
us bo progressive.
But do not forget to uso your strongest weapon, the ballot.
Tho phonoy Rockefollor unions in
Colorado aro rapidly disintegrating nnd
the members arc joining the bona-fldo
United *Mino Workers of America by
tho hundreds. Thoy havo got wise at
last.
entitle thom to havo. Tho Trades nnd
Labor CongresB of Canada has endorsed "proportional representation," and
hns given it u place on tho platform of
that body; it wns also a plunk in the
platform of the successful pnrty at the
recent British Columbia provincial olec'
linns and it is up to the interested electors, irrespective of party, to insist thnt
tho necessary legislation is passed to
mnke "proportional representation
effective in BrltlBh Columbia, at the
earliest possible moment. F. K.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOROIA 8TREIT
Ont Blook weit of Court Houso,
Vet ot Modern Chapel ond
Funeral  Parlors  free  to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymonr 2426
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1034 Oranvllle Bt., Phone Sey. 3414.
North Vancouver — Ofllce and
Chapel, lil—Slith St. Weat, Phone
IM.
DAVID SPENDER, LTD.
_
David arzaoss, Etc.
SpenritjiFs ife Headquarters
Stanfield's Underwear
• . —.—  -
for-Men
We Buy in Quantities that Command the Lowest
. t*ritte—i*tt Store Can Undersell Us
STANFIELD'S HEAVY BIBBED UNDEBWEAB* unshrinkable natural
wool; sizes 34 to 44.   A garment $1.25
STANFIELD'S "BED LABEL"; heavy cream wool underwear; sizes
3*4 to 44.  Prico - .*. Z ».«
STANFIELD'S "BLUE LABEL"; heavy cream wool, ribbed, sizes 34
to 44.   A garment „ , $2,00
STANFIELD'S "BLACK LABEL"; heavy cream wool; sizes 34 to 44.
A garment  ........,.„..., .12.25
STANFIELD'S FINE ELASTIC BIBBED UNDEBWEAB; natural wooj,
in three weights at( garment $1.25, $1.60 and $2.00
STANFIELD'S CBEAM SILK AND WOOL UNt)EBWEAB; mi
cent.   A gai-ment
'%%
COMBINATIONS in all tbe above lines are available at twlee the price
of single garments.
NOTE.—All Stanfield's garments are guaranteed unshrinkable.
David Spencer Limited
/
DAVID SPENCEB, LTD.
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Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
ienic
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenne Eut.  TeL Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
Are your teeth
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ABE your teeth efficient! Have you your full equipment of thirty-
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and you cannot afford to do without a single one of them—your health
and efficiency depend on your teeth being able to perform their function
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Beauty of expression as well as full efficiency restored—mado to fit the
face—heavily cast in solid gold, with Medal of Honor Teeth.
$4. per tooth
Consultations and, examinations free.
Telephone Seymour 3331.
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings, 7 to S.
Office closed Saturday afternoon.
iyp±"»S.!   Dr. Brett Anderson
known to dentil G">*n and Bridge Specialist
science. 602 HASTINOS STBEET, OOR. SETMOUB
'The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Browed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, furnishes a living to somo forty odd brewery workors.
MANUFACTURED BY THB
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On Sale at all Lienor Storee ln
VANCOUVEB AND VIOTOBIA
No Need to Heat the
Whole House Yet
A gas heater will quickly and economically
heat the room or portion of your house you
are occupying.
Gas Fires and
Radiators
are just the thing for fall, when it is not
cold enough for the furnace and too cold to
be without heat.
Investigate the possibilities of fas, either at onr
showrooms or by calling up New Business Department.
tif-wcowtewotw
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour
5000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY...
...October 20, 191
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital 115,000,000 Best  $13,500,000
Main Offlce:   Oorner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vanoouver
OITY BRANCHES LOOATION
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. Pint Avonue and Commercial Drive
EAST END Cor. Pender and Main Street!
FA1RVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Granville Street
HASTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Hantingi and CamMe Streoti
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenuo and Yew Stroot
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avonno and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Aveuue and JJrtBer Road
Also North Vancouvor Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
AMERICAN LINE
EXPRESS STEAMERS BETWEEN NEW YORK AND LIVERPOOL
ALL   AMERICAN  STEAMERS.   UNDER   THE   AMERICAN   FLAO
Kroonland ■••*.... Oct 25
New York Oct. 28
Philadelphia Nov. i
Finland Nov. 7
St. Louis Nov. 11
St. Paul ....-•■ Nov. 18
First Cahin, minimum, $85 and $95; Second Cabin,
minimum, $55 and $60; Third class, $37.60 and $40
BAGGAGE CHECKED THROUGH TO STEAMER DOCK AT NEW
YORK IN BOND.   NO TROUBLE WITH CUSTOMS
For furthor information, apply to Company's offlce, 619 Second Ave'.,
Senttlc, A. E, Disney, Agont; or local rail and steamship agents.
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
Telephone:
Sey. 7495
LABOR TEMPLE
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty. ,
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
(700.I tur ono year'a BUbacription to Tbe 5,
, f\ ^H T T T-k f*\ a T*v T-v *■-« *-*• Fedcratlonint will be mailed to nr ad*
KISIIK I A RIl^ drear In Canada tor $10. (Good anjwhere
IU vj \J SJ. \*CA.l\t-r*J out»lde ol Vanoouver olty.)    Order ten to-
.lay.    Remit ghen Bold.	
UNION m> OFFICES
This Official List Of Allied Printing; Offices
CAN SUPPLY tOV WITH THE ALLIED PEDITDIO TBADES UNION LABEL
BAOLEY & SONS, 151 llaitlnga Street Soymour 816
BLOOHBERGER, P. B„ 819 Broadway Eait Fairmont 203
BRAND Is PERRY, 020 Ponder Street. Weat    Seymour 2678
BURRARD   PUBLISHING   CO.,   711   Soymonr   Street    Seymour   8680
CLARKE t,  STUART,  320 Seymour Street    Seymour 3
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Labor Tomplo Bulldlnj Seymour 4400
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 487 Dunemulr Street Seymour 1108
EVANS & HASTINGS, Arte and Crafts Bldg*., Soymour St Seymour 5650
JEWEi.L. M. L., 841 Pender SI Soymour 1444
KERSHAW. J. A., 639 Howe St Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P., 388 Gore Ave Seymonr 1039
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8861 Main St ; Fairmont 1988
McLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North Vanoouver N. Van. 68
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robeon St Seymour 4648
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 137 Pender St Seymonr 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Soymour 9592
PEARCE * HODGSON, 518 Hamilton Street Seymonr 2928
ROEDDE. O. A., 618 Homer Street Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Cambie St Seymour 6509
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 203 Klngiway  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Street  Seymour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Halting! W.... Seymonr 8520
TIMMS. A. H., 280 Fourteenth Avo. E Fairmont 021R
WESTERN PRESS, 823 Cordova W Seymonr 7666
SKIER1,_8.p,!CIAL'rr °°*i a91 Dunemulr Bt Seymonr 3526
WHITE A BINDON, 628 Pender Weet  Seymour 1214
Writo "Union Labol" on Tom Copt whin Too Snd It to tho Printer
Union Men
tmaaWmWBmat—m*_!mamW*
The B. C. Federationist is your paper, owned and
controlled by you, and published in your interest.
The merchants who advertise in this paper indicate a
desire for your patronage. Those who do not advertise in these columns apparently care nothing for
you or your patronage, therefore
Your Duty is Plain
Patronize thoso who patronize you. Tho merchants
who advertise in this paper arc patronizing you. He-
turn the compliment. In this way you can make Tho
B. C. Federationist the best advertising medium in
the province.
ims^^mtmmmmmm^a^^m<.::m^^m^iam
Demand the
Union Label
Tell them you saw it in The B. 0. Federationist
STEI CAR
STILL BUSY
To Consider Re-Affiliation
With B. C. Federation
of Labor
South Vancouver Notes and
General Headquarters'
and Car Gossip
HTHE ATTENDANCE at last meeting
* of Pioneer Division was aomowlmi
slim, but some important business w
transacted. The absent ones will be
pleased to know that among other bi
ness put through was the granting of
financial usaistanco to the traction men
on strike in New York to tho tune of
50c per member. (Don't get alarmed,
Mabel, this cornea out of the division
funds) about $385, and the "slackers
had no say in that. Better attend the
meetings; boys. There's no telling what
that "clique" will do.
Afliliation with the B. O. r. of L,
The question of re-affiliation with thr
B. C. F. of L. was laid over until next
meeting on account of the small attendance, same small crowd being in favor
of getting back into the Federation. To
again line up with the provincial body
means a considerable monthly sum from
the funds, but that is a secondary consideration. The question is "shall we
receivo fall value from our investment?" If you are satisfied that
shall, thon by all means vote to re
affiliate, but don't voto unless you are
satisfied either one way or the other.
In South Vancouver.
In tho South Vancouver notes, as r
ported by the Nows-Advertiser, Oct. 12,
was the encouraging information that
the South Vancouver council intended
paying to tho employees the highly magnificent stim of $2.50 per day. This was
opposed by Councillor Russell, who considered that $3 per day was small
enough. Now there are scores of street
railwaymen living in tho municipality,
and scores moro entitled to a vote in
that aristocratic b'urg. Further, thero is
an election coming along ih about three
months' and some of these cheap councillors will be seoking re-election, chiefly becauso they need the money. The
campaign will open soon and the question of wages should bo made an issuo,
becauso what affocts South Vancouver
employeos affects all workers in and
around this city.
Action Endorsed by Mahon,
President W. D. Mahon: "Upon my
arrival in New York Sunday noon, I immediately took up the work of investigating tho situation nnd to find out if it
was possible to reach the officers of the
companies and if possible securo an honorable settlement of your strike. In this
effort I was unsuccessful. I find thnt it
has been rumored during my absence
that, upon my return I weald repudiate
tho action you hnve tnken and ordor
your striko declared off. My investigation shows me that you wore forced
into this striko in order to uphold tho
conditions that wo all felt hnd beon secured in tho settlement of tho striko of
August 5, namely, the right to collective bargaining,
"My investigation shows mo that tho
ink had hardly dried upon tho agreements of August 6 nnd 7 beforo the companies had set about to systematically
overthrow tho agreements and destroy
the organization by compelling the employees to make them individual contracts. This action, being .an absolute
violation—not only violation, but a repudiation—of the agreements that they
mado; therefore, thoro wns nothing loft
for you to do but to either submit and
allow your organization to be destroyed
or to striko to securo again thoso rights.
"I will make to you at this timo this
pledge: I will have in shape to place in
this city immediately $100,000 to meet
the payment of strike benefits, with
more to follow when that is exhausted.
Headquarters Gossip.
Wo are pleased to know that Bro, A.
F. Andrew, who left with the 72nd battalion, ia on the road to recovery. Arthur waa buried up and had his back
crushed and is now in a convalescent
home.
Many of tho boys will learn with re-
grot tbat an ox-member of our division,
Ed. Graham, is in hospital at Guildhall,
Eng., Buffering from shrapnel wounda.
Tho Vancouver public will ahortly be
treated to a fow facts nnd figures con-
corning the jitney business, and wo believe many will viow this form of transportation in a different light. Alao the
publishing of theso facts will likely
havo a" influenco on a large number of
the votes at the next civic elections, always providing of course that tho citizens have tho welfare of the eity at
heart. Tho civic employeos, in view of
recent developments, will bo particularly intorosted in so far as thoy will get
a litle information rognrding the city's
revenue showing where rotten adminiatration in ono direction haB a tendency
to prevent them getting their wages
raised,
Regarding tho organizing of jitney
drivers, tho timo and monoy spent to'
bring this nbout cnn well be spent to
better advantage in another direction.
If tho old hands on aomo of the outside
lines would change on to the main lines,
gome of tho junior men might have a
chance to win fame and glory.
Somo people havo all the luck. There
nover acomB to be nny fires on our line.
Howover, aome day wo may win a gold
watch if there are any moro being
handed out to popular conductors. The
observation car certninly must have
been popular thiB summer. Lots of people have remarked how they miss Toddy
and his whistle. J. E. G.
New Tweed Suite
Suits Jor Juniors,
$25.00
BEING in all wool
the models are both
heather mixtures,
attractive and practical—
ideal suits for the college
or school girl as well as
for young women who
want a very smart suit for
general service.
The model is made with
belt at back and front,
turnback cuffs nnd buttons
high at tho throat. The
skirt is of tailored order,
slightly gathered at the
baok and having an adjustable belt. Sizes 13, 15
and 17.  Price $25.
New Veils and
Veilings
SPECIAL  DISPLAY
A maginficent collection
of all the new meshes with
dainty needle - run and
chenille bordered designs,
also a largo assortment of
plain meshes such as diamond, thread-over-thread
octagon and Russian net
effects; shown in black
and costume colors.
VEILS in both square and
circular styles, also nose
veils from $1 to $2 each.
VEILINGS from 35c to
$1 per yard.
575Granoille Phone Sey. 3540
AS TO ATTITUDE
OF
Australian Workers Are Not
Averse to Voluntary
Enlistment
Object Solely to  Forcible
Seizure By War-mad
Militarists
LETTERS TO tt
"Genesis and Evolution of Slavery."
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: E. T.
Kingsley, in tho past, has mudo contributions to working class litoraturo that
qualiiies him for tho front runk of modern working class economists. ' But his
latest production, "Tho Genosis nnd
Evolution of Slavery" far excels anything that has heretofore camo from
his pen. It is as clear in logic as it is
in stylo. It is masterly in its construction, and forcoful in its presentation of
tho facts of working class history. Stripped of all abstruso verbiage, the facts
are placed bofore the reader, without
tho possibility of misunderstanding. Its
description of tho past; its analysis of
tho present, and its outlook for tho
futuro combine to mako tho pamphlet a
classic of proletarian philosophy. Coming at a timo whon socioty is halting
between two opinions, despotism or domocracy, it could not bo road at a moro
opportune timo by tho oppressed workers. This is an ago that calls for think*
ors, and Kingsley's pamphlet is a dynamo for just such thoughts as the ogo demands. _ Tho supremo thought of the
nge is liberty and power, but the one
avonue to tho realization of such is
knowledge. A good way to enter that
road is by reading Kingsley's "Genesis and Evolution of SInvory." It is
of just suoh literature that revolutions
are born.
JOHN L. MARTIN.
Berkeley, Cal.
P. 8.—J. B. Osborne will send *5 tonight for 100 copies, which ho and I
are to handle botwoon us.     J. L. M.
An Improved
CROWN-GRANTED
Alberta Homestead
(160 acres)
Near Edmonton
FOB ONLY 82,000
(easy terms)
For fall particulars write Drawer'
6, 0|o B. O. Federatlonist, Labor
Templo, Vancouvor.
Building Trades, Attention)
To nit nflllintoil organizations, greetings: Tho Union Labol Trades depnrt-
mont of tho American  Federation  of
Labor desires to officially inform the
local unions, their offlcors and indiv?-]-
unl membors, thnt tho "Mophisto"
auger bit is strictly union mado.  Evory
'Mophiflto" anger bit bears tho union
labol which hns tho endorsement of the
metal trados department of tho American Federation of Labor.   The "Moph-
sto" anger bit is made by tho W. A.
Ivos Mfg. Co. of Wallingford, Conn.
Every department in their factory is
thoroughly unionized, which includes
tho metal polishors, macltfnists, blacksmiths, drop forgers, etc. Thoy turn
out the only bit thnt Ib mndo by union
men, or boars the union label. Best of
all it costs no more than other so-called
high-grade bits that nre made in tho
"open shops." Those bits are need by
carpenters, electrical workers, pattern
makers, plumbers and many others.
Every ono is guaranteed. The manufacturers' association is trying to prevent tho snle of this bit. This was to
bc expected. But it is even going so far
ns trying to cripple the business of tho
Ives Co. by nrginer both jobbers nnd
retnilers not to handle them. But the
donlors will handle them and so will
tho jobbers if tho union men will demand thom. Tour organization Is hereby renuestod to take the following action: First, pnss a motion instructing
overr member to buy none but the
"MenMs-o" nuper bit. Second, have
vnnr lof.al union annoint a eommlttoo to
visit nil hnrdwnro stores and denlors and
rlnmnti-^ th"* thev hntidle this union-
"inde bit. Third, continue tho nn^tntion
for ell uninh-mndo products. Wo believe vnnr members will nn+rnni7o the
union Inbel: we nl«n bet(«vn ym\ will
fMirohnso n nnlnn-mndn nrffMo bcarlnc
♦Tin union bibM in n^nforenfo to trio
scab or non-union mnke, and believe
A wrong impression in coi
queuce of tho opposition to conscription
in Australia, somo huve evidently boen
led to believe that tho working peoplo
of that country aro endeavoring to
place obstacles in the way of tho successful prosecution of the war. Instead
of this, the fact is that the working-
men have attempted to do nothing of
the kind. On tho contrary, thoy fully
realize that the war must bo fought
through to a successful conclusion, aud
they aro by no moans ia favor of doing
anything to prolong the job or mako
tho task harder. What thoy do objoct
to, however, is to surrendering all that
democracy has gained through the struggles of tho past, in order to further the
schemes of that militarism that has
been tho curse of all ages and times,
They reason, and rightly too, that tho
vust armies of Britain and her colonies
havo beon raised through voluntary enlistment so far, and thoro is every reason to beliovo that the necessary
strength can bo maintained to the end,
by the same means. Onco the right is
granted to a ruling, class to feed to its
ennnon all and sundry whom it may be
disposed to so use, all liberty is lost and
democracy has again to fight all of its
battles over again. Small wondor that
the Austrnlian workors do not seo fit to
lay down in tho faco of tho efforts of
the ruling class to forco them all to tho
sacrificial shambles.
Who Is tbe Coward?
There is quite onough in the way of
compulsion carried on as it is, without
submitting.to outright conscription. All
sorts of schomes aro presumably worked
in Australia, as they are hero in Canada,
to compel men to enlist. Tho term
"slacker" is freoly used, with tho evident intention of casting reflections
upon tho courage or the convictions of
thoso who do not seo thoir way clonr to
onlist for the bloody service. It is particularly noticeable that thoso who most
persistently endeavor to insult others by
tho application of tho term "slacker,"
aro thoso who, by virtuo of either their
ago or sex, aro themsolvos exempt from
tho service. As to whether it is tho
duty of any ono to offer his life upon
the altnr of any struggle betwoen quarreling factions of tho ruling class, must
be left to thc individual himself, if justice is to be dono him. It is the heiglith
of impudonce for nny porson to attempt
to forco another into a joopnrdy of his
lifo and all ho holds dear, in order to
carry out somo purposo, from the dangers of which tho impudent ono is exempt becnuso of old age, physical
disability, sex, or other safo circumstance If tho term coward is to apply
in such ensos, it is not difficult to discover whero tho application should properly Ho.
Not Like Pagan Lambs.
Tho Australian workors havo cheerfully given their full quota to tho war
and havo given it voluntarily. Ther
aro, no doubt, thousands more of them
who will yet offer thoir services. But
they are not disposed to submit to being
sacrificed to the god of war, nt tho mere
whim and enprico of their masters and
rulers, as lnmbs woro offered for sacrifice during pagan times. The matter of
conscription is to bo submitted to a ro-
forendum on the 28th of tho presont
month. It may carry. In view of the
fact that the soldiers at the front aro
to vote upon the mattor, and that womon liavo tho vote in Australia, thero is
moro than a suspicion that the schemo
will be enrriod through. In that enso it
is not safe to predict what tho workers
will do. Whether they will submit or
not is for tho future to decide. That
must bo left to the workers themselves.
Potato Patch
Here's a toll-talo sequel: A few minutes after reading Eli Perkins' story
about his experience in Now York, Hank
Butts went down to tho Dow Drop.
Standing outside, by tho ond of tho
tavern, was a demijohn. It had a label
on it—"Cy Jenkins." Cy's not boon
around sinco tho poet cpisodo.
Old Tnrnntala Bill, who is now pnst
HO, only reads books nbout blood-curdling adventures with cannibals, wild Indians, pirates, devil flah or sharks. Ho
says; "I nover road anything olso. I
liko tho dcBort island of tho South Sons
better than the Btory about tho woman
with a pnst or the lady In tho marbel
hall, or* Brewstor's speeches on nobleness of chnraeter. Tho man that wnlks
tho plank is a proator hero than tho
one that wins a divorce suit."
E
Insist Upon Doing Everything But Bight Thing
for Becognition
Unorganized They Are But
Pawns on Aldermanic
Checkerboard
T-HE CIVIC firemen, like tho system
a of protection itself, needs organization. Tho system has been organized,
with the result that Vancouver has ono
of the best-equipped on the continent.
But the firemen failed to learn tho lesson and some yoars ago surrendered a
federal uabor union charter to the
American Federation of Labor, having
bartered it for aldermanic concossions
made to them at the time. Since then
they havo paid dearly for thoir folly.
On several occasions they have mado efforts, single-handed, to havo wage-cuts
restored, and many other grievances put
right.
Now they want the two-platoon system adopted by the city council, a vory
laudable desire and one that should undoubtedly bo made a part of the excellent fire-fighting Bystem. All the firemen ask is that tho question bo referred
to the electorate for an expression of
opinion. But with aldermen of the "calibre of Aids, Mahon and Kirk on the
civic fire and police committee, tho matter will be smothered long before it
roaches that stage.
When the firemen get through trying
every other method but tho correct one,
they will probably consult the central
labor body, organize a real union, and
go after what thoy want with the cooperation and backing of every trade
unionist in tho city. Until they have
learned that much, there is a slim
chance of them getting anywhere nny
time. It tukes somo classes of labor
longer than others to get tho idea. But
there is hope—oven for the civic fire
men.
MEN "WHO PAY THE PRINTER•
The Powell River Paper Makors
union havo again subscribed for Tho
Federationist in a body and tho increased list of thia year indicates a remark
ablo growth in membership. Also that
the paper-malting plant up thoro is
growing.
Goo. B. Casey, Prince Ruport, B. C,
sonds along an ordor for 200 copies of.
tho new pamphlet just issued by Tho
Federationist. Also ordors a bundle of
25 Fods. a week ago to go to his address
at the northern terminal city.
J, B. Osbomo, writing from Novadn
City, Cal., sonds along a chequo for $5
for 100 pamphlets.
Twenty-two renewals and nearly n
score of new Bubs, is tho record for the
past week.
Thanks to tho fow trade unionists
who work at it, sovoral ordors for 10
sub. cards, at $1 each, havo been mailed
out this week.
Phoenix Minors' union sends nlong an
ordor for 500 of Tho Fedorationist
pamphlets, "Tho Genesis nnd Evolution
of Slavery,'' by E. T. Kingsley. At the
presont rato of snlo the flrst C00O edition will bo sold out insido a month.
World's Record Wheat Crop.
In view of various claims of world's
record wheat crops for largo areas, the
Crowfoot Farming company of Crowfoot, Albortn, submit a sworn statement
of their results for tho year 1015, which
probably probnbly surpass nil properly
authenticated claims from othor sources.
From 1350 acres tho Crowfoot Farming
company received an average yield of
51 bushels 50 1-3 pounds per aero of
No. 1 spring wheat, by actual soiling
weight; 400 acres wheat averaged 50%
bushels per acre. These records woro
established in the Canadian Pacific railway irrigation block in southern Alberta.
Tho Arts and Crafts of Canada, successors to the Canadian Handicrafts
Guild, aro vigorously prosecuting tho
good work upon whieh they have embarked, and aro meeting with a reasonable measure of success. They are very
desirous to bo brought in touch immediately with tho makers of hand-made
toys in order to procure a supply of
thoso for tho Christmas trade. Any such
artificers nro earnestly requested to call
with tho least avoidable delav at tho
society's Btoro, 715 Granville street
west, immediately opposite the Hotel
Vancouver.
Miners and
Prospectors
who have copper properties worth
while, can be placed in touch with
actual buyers if thoy will sond
full particulars to DRAWER 4,
0|0 B. O. rEDEBATIONIST,
Labor Templo, Vancouvor, B. C.
your orgnnization will tako effective
and favornble notion. Lot every member of your local insist on boing supplied with this unlon-mado bit, nnd give
their moral nssistanco to tho Internntionnl organizations whoso members nro
employed by this (lrm under union conditions. Eolylng on your nssistanco in
this direction, I remnin,
Tours frnternnlly,
(Signed)   THOMAS F. TRACT,   '
Secrotnry-trensuror Union Label
Trados Dopt. of tho American Fodora-
tion of Lnbor.
Washington, D. C, Aug. 20, 1010.
Established 1001
The Pickling
Season
IS NOW ON
Pure Vinegar is essential with
which to make good pickles.
Out Vinegar manufactured un
led government supervision.,
New season's Apple Cider will
be ready Sopt. 15 at our branch
faotory, Vernon, B. O,
Also new B. C. Sauorkraut, mado
from Lulu Island finest cabbage.
B.C.
Vinegar Works
1365-7 Powell St. Vancouver, B.O.
and Vernon, B, O.
Telephone at Vancouver,
High, 285
The New
»>
Package of
NABOB
TEA
NABOB'S full value is retained in the neV sanitary-
air-tight package to the last.
A lead-foil-paper wrapper
is hermetic? Uy sealed around
another wrapper (also airtight of parchment.
Insido both these sealed
wrappers, nestles a pound of
NABOB PUBE INDO-CEY-
LON TEA whieh no human
hand touches from the plantation to your teapot.
A perfeot tea blend and
put up in. a way so scientifically sanitary as NABOB
should be the tea of your
choioe,
At all Grocers
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS
ANO BOOKBINDERS
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vsndevlllt Mesne
IANTAGES VAUDEVILLE
THBEE SHOWS DAILT
2:45, 7:20, 0:15    Seuon'i Prices:
Matinee,   15c;   Stealage,  16c.  25c
Sell
Is ffeoTi£>obc
acco.
BAGGAGE
Delivered to any part of the city.
Furniture and Pianos
Moved or Stored
at reasonable rates.
Phonos Soymour 405, 005.  Night
and Sundny calls, Sey. 3580.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(MlNelll. Welch A Wilsnn, Lid.)
80 Pender St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Modern Residence
MOUNT PLEASANT EAST
for Sale at a Snap
Or will exchange for farm land
near Blaine, Wash., on Canadian
aide. For particulars write
Drawer 0, 0|o B. O. Federatlonist,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Thousands of Canadian soldiers scattered throughout
Canada, England and in the
trenches of Belgium and
France are being materially
assisted in their noble work
by the use of *
LECKIE
BOOTS
The LECKIE ARMY BOOT
has lived up to the test of
the severest army specifications.
Every LECKIE BOOT,
whether for army*—for rough
outdoor conditions or for
street wear is of the highest
possible standard of valuo.
Name on every pair.
YOUR DEALER
BAS THEM

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