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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 24, 1916

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
■0/%.iAL PA|fs* VANCOUVER TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OP LABOB
POLITICAL UNITT: VICTOBT
&   4 V"VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1916
(la VueosTir\
Oity W.oo /
$1.50 PER YEAR
How I. W. W. Is Used As a
Bogey to Poison the
Labor Movement
Workers Must Get Control
of Government to Win
Their Battle
The term "I. W, W." is being freely
used by tbe daily press as a sort of
bogey-man to scare timid capital and
incidentally poison the unthinking
against the Lauor movement in general.
A few years ago the term '' anarchist''
was similarly bandied about, for pre
cisely the sume purpose and effect.
It must be admitted, even by members
of the international trades union movement, that the I. W. W., as an organization, bas done many foolish things,
which has provided the daily press with
tho very opportunity it is constantly
looking for. The I. W. W.'s, for instance, are forever boasting of what
they intend to do by "direct action."
Any man, with a glass eye and a cork
one, would at onco realize that the government, representing the employers at
all times, is tho supremo power in the
matter of direct action. AU the machinery of government has been placed in
the hands of the employers, thanks to
the stupidity of tho workers themselves.
What folly, then, to talk of a few unarmed denizens of the labor market
jungle accomplishing anything tangible
with a policy of "direct action,"
It ia quite true, however, that conditions beget this sort of phenomena. The
most recent case, that ut Everett, Wash.,
is sueh that almost any action on the
part of the dispossessed workers was
justifiable. A revolution iB only lawless mutiny when it fails. Curo, then,
should be taken to see that such a rebellious uprising succeeds. To do that
requires something moro thun the poor
devils at Everett ever hnd a chnuce of
pulling off. There the cxusperated
workers, deprived of and denied nny of
the rights of citizenship, uwkwardly
sailed into certain failure. They never
had a chance to win, on such a small
scale. And their strategy was amateurish and clumsy.
It ia not unlikely that in this case, aa
well us others, necessity will compel the
victims of the Everett revolt to appeal
to organized lnbor to come to their assistance. And organized labor will just
as likely respond. But it might have
been better to have consulted thu "regularly-constituted organized labor movement before getting into the jackpot
they now find themselves in. Had they
dono so perhaps there would have been
a different story and perhaps not.
There are so many wago-workere,
blacklisted by society and scowled upon
by '' respectable'' organized labor,
driven from coast to coust iu "pursuit
of happiness" and things, who have become disgusted with the slow progress
of A. F. of L. methods, thut it is easily
understood why there is uu element of
"outlaws."
But, to pnraphrnse Debs, who Bnid of
anarchy: Tho way to end lawlessness ia
to cense producing it.
Meantime the established and regular
trude union movement must keep on
hammering along. It must recognize thnt
tho most "direct action" possible is for
the workers to secure control of the
powers of government, so thut they muy
_ be used to protect und defend the inter-
r'osts of those who do tho world'B work.
Tho colossul stupidity of tho workers on
each succeeding election day is amazing.
But it is far from hopeless. There arc
many obstacles to bo overcome, not the
least of which is the elimination of "up-
lifters'' und other sanctimonious
" lenders," who constitute a ronl menace to permanent progress. But these
are stirring times. History ia boing
made ut such a rapid rate that one has
to hufry to keep pace. Returned soldiers are giving us a glimpse, even now,
of what may be expected at no distant
date. Needless to say it bodes no good
for the pny-triotic coupon-clippers and
all thoir kind. But the message is ono
full of hope and inspiration for tho
workors. A noted economist, some yenrs
ago, said: "If I had all the yeara in
which to choose to live I Bhould choose
tho next' ten." A prophetic vision,
maybe, perhaps. Bat keep your eara to
tho mil, Mr. Wago-Workerl
MAINTENANCE-OF-WAY MEN
SECURE NEW AGREEMENTS
Federal Conciliation Board Reaches Settlement, After Lengthy
Negotiations,
A settlement hus beon effected between tho Canadian Pacific railway and
several thousand of its Maintennnce-of-
Way Employees, thus adding several
_f hundred thousand dollars to the company 's payroll.
Judge H. D. Gnnn, who was chairman
of the federal conciliation board, announces that the adjustment had boen
arranged on the basis of the 'report
mado to the minister of lubor by the
board appointed to investigate a similnr
dispute between the Grnud Trunk mil-
way and its road and yurdmon. The
report sufficed for tho settlement of
both disagreements. Judge Gunn Bnid it
will mean an increase of nearly a million dollars annually in the puy of the
employeos. Several thousand men benefit.
Another agreement has been effected
by the board in the disputes between
the Fredericton & Grand Lake railway
and employees, and the Now Brunswick
Coal & Railway company and its employees, working rates and rules having
been adopted.
IR. A. ("Dick") Rigg, M, P. P., Winnipeg, has just been ro-olectcd secretary-business ngont of the.TradeB and
Labor council, by acclamation, for tho
fifth time.
ii The final count in the Australian
feremljm on conscription shows a
jorlty of 01,280 against compulsory
vice.
ARE PLANS BEING LAW FOR
CONSCRIPTION IN CANADA?
What ReaUy Lies Behind the Board of National Service?
—Why This Zeal About Organizing the Man-power
,    of the Dominion ?—Why This Taking of Stock of
Labor on Hand?—Why This Sorting of the
Sheep from the Goats for Industry?
LET IT BE distinctly understood that The Federationist has no objection to offer to any man in Canada, or elsewhere, offering his
. services to the cause of the Allies in the present struggle, if he
voluntarily chooses to do so. We do not believe any right thinking
person can offer any valid objection to the individual pursuing such a
course. We know full well that the very best soldiers the world ever
saw, have been made up of that material that went voluntarily to the
sacrifice. Hireling and driven soldiers have never yet proven themselves worth thc powder that has been expended in blowing them off
the map. The difference between the conscript and the voluntary soldier was never more clearly exemplified than is being done upon the
battlefields of Prance, by the volunteer soldiers of Britain and the
conscript soldiers of Germany. Between them there is no comparison
tbat does not vastly redound to the credit of the volunteer. In that
fact alone lies the assured defeat of the semi-feudalism of mid-Europe,
whioh relies solely for its existence upon enforced military service.
The civilization of western Europe, which with all of its faults is
still the most advanced upon earth, cannot survive by the
bayonet of a conscript soldiery. Once that is resorted to,
it is but to revert to the semi-feudal status of central and
eastern Europe, a status of politico-economic development and culture
at least two centuries behind that of France and England. That
Oreat Britain has already taken that fatal step is no reason that any
of the self-governing dominions should commit similar fplly. Australia has already repudiated it, and there is every reason why Canada
should do likewise. If the workers of Canada are as wide awake, and
as loyal to freedom and democracy as their Australian brothers, all
plans to fasten the chains of enforced military service upon the Dominion will be scotched in* their infancy.
What Means This Registration?
We note from the columns of the daily press, that there exists what
is termed a "Board of National Service," and that Mr. R. F. Green is
a member thereof, bearing the title of "director for British Columbia." • This gent has just returned from Ottawa, where the "board"
has just held a session for thc purpose of, arriving at some plan of
"organizing the man-power of the Dominiomthe better to assist in the
great movement of bringing to bear Canada's utmost strength in the
Empire's behalf in the present war, and arriving at a method of carrying this work into effect." Mr. Green is quoted in the daily press as
having stated that thc board will have nothing to do, directly, with
recruiting, but "its work briefly, is to take an inventory of thc manpower of Canada for the purpose of tabulating sueh information and
endeavoring to get the public generally in Canada to work with it for
thc purpose of using that man-power to the best possible advantage at
this particular time in the war." An "inventory of man-power"
sounds good, does it not? Just an inventory of goods, merchandise,
that's all. Mr. Green says "we will get an inventory first and then
classify thc men as to the occupation which, in our opinion, they are
best suited for and in which they can best serve the needs of the coun-
U'y." . "In.pur opinion," . Seejh.6 point? The men arc not to de^
cide what they arc the best fitted for, oh no. That is to be decided by
the "board." The "board" will decide who is to be allowed to remain in industrial service, and who is to be considered fit food for the
cannon at the front. That is practically what Mr. Green asserts, but
of course, as he says, "the powers we have * * * will be carefully used, and every care will bc taken not to abuse them." There
is no doubt about that, not the slightest. Perish tho thought. Of
course after the "board" has inventoried tho goods and separated thc
sheep fit for war from thc goats fit for industry, if employers and such
liko patriots should bring pressure of even tho meanest and most cowardly kind to bear upon the sheep to force them against their own
free will to go to the shambles of slaughter, the "board" would by no
means be to blame for that. Nothing could be farther from the
thoughts of those responsible for the inception of thc inventory
scheme, than that its findings should be used for so base a purpose.
We feel sure of that.    We most certainly do.
Woman-power Also.
According to Mr. Green, the idea of thc board is "to organize not
only the labor of the country, but also thc employers with a view to
getting the most efficient and the greatest amount of labor out of thc
men of Canada." That is quite plain enough and suggests a lino of
organization that thc employers may bc expected to favor with the
utrtiost unanimity, for have they not for lo these many moons been
themselves trying to get the "most efficient and the greatest amount
of essential labor out of thc men of Canada," as well as out of Orientals and all others whom they could entice to these shores? Let no
one make the mistake of believing for a moment that thero is any intention of sifting out cannon fodder from the business element of this
glorious Dominion. But quite the most interesting part of the programme and mission of the board is that of taking an inventory of the
woman-power of the Dominion also, for thc purpose of ascertaining
the quantity of that particular commodity available to "take up thc
work now being carried on by men, thus relieving fit and able men for
overseas service." That will help some, as any one can readily see.
Tho nearly four hundred "Chinks" landed at Victoria from the C. P.
K. liner Empress of Russia the other day are perchance intended for
the purposes of relieving woman-power from the necessity of doing
housework, so that it may more patriotically express itself by being
expended in the lumber camps, and at Britannia Mines, Ocean Falls,
the B. C. Sugar Refinery, the saw mills and such like pleasure resorts
now unpatriotically cluttered up with man-power that ought to be
pot-shooting Germans, ln fact every move is to be made that may in
any manner add to thc membership of thc European suicide club, by
such pressure as it may be possible to bring upon the intended victims.
Organized Labor Beware.
The organized Labor forces of Canada havo already declared,
through the Tradea and Labor Congross of Canada, that they will
have none of conscription. Let the Labor unions beware of thc danger that lurks behind this organization and registration of man-power
scheme, lest it finally dawn upon them when it is too late, that it was
but the preliminary step to a conscription from which it will be extremely difficult to escape, once it has fastened its ugly shape upon the
workors. There is no greater or more damnably reactionary force on
earth than that of the military. Once it gets its deadly fangs buried
in the flesh of a people, it always sucks the life blood to the last drop,
without scruple and without remorse. No more striking proof of this
is needed than that to be found in the ease of the German people themselves. Under the brutal and conscienceless rule of a merciless military oligarchy, the German people have been led and driven into thc
most brutal practices and disgusting brutalities, ever recorded upon
history's pages. And out of thc awful struggle against the beast of
medieval militarism of central Europe, there looms the threatening
danger of lapse to thc same low and brutal level upon the part of the
hitherto democratic and advanced countries of western Europe. Lot
overy clean thinking and liberty loving man and woman of this western continent leave no stone unturned to prevent the beast that has
turned half of Europe into a bloody shambles, from ever getting its
death grip and strangle hold upon this Dominion and this continent.
Its emissaries are even now thundering at our gates, as well as spreading their insidious poison even at our firesides. Unless the men of
Labor stand on guard, that beast will conquer.
WHITES GOING OUT
CHINKS COMING IN
How Recruiting Is Stimulated in
British Columbia.
THREE hundred and sixty-
eight Chinamen, steerage passengers on the C, P. R. liner Empress of Russia, were landed at
Victoria on Monday last, providing a splendid .opportunity for an
equal number of white workers
to enlist and fight, bleed and die
for "freedom/ civilization and
the Empire." .In the wny of munitions of peace, the Empress also
brought 2504 cases of Chinese
eggs, for consumption by the
working class, and 5005 baloB of
silk, to provide pyjamas for the
wonlthy. With 368 Chinese provided to take their jobs, and with
such ample provision made, in the
way of eggs and Bilk, for the comfort and welfare of his dependents, there is uo longer any reason why the horny-handed son of
toil, of the paie epidermis, should
refrain from doing his bit for his
country. He has nothing but hiB
job to lose anwyay, and that has
already been provided fer, aB per
above. His opportunity was never
better to win a little hardware,
and possibly get his name 'upon
the roll of honor, than now. In
fact now is the accepted time,
Enlist at once. Have no fear
that the industries of your employers will suffer by your absence. Another consignment of
Chinks will arrive by the next
boat.
VAN LEAR MAYOR
OMWINNEAPOLIS
Eighteenth Largest Oity in the United
States Beets Socialist Mayor.
As a result of a vigorous campaign
waged by organized labor and the socialist party, Minneapolis will have a representative of the workerB in the
mayor's choir for the coming term.
ThomuB Van Lear, candidate for mayor,
member of the Machinists' union and
the socialist party, received an overwhelming majority out of the largest
vote ever cast in an election in that city,
receiving 5000 more votes than his opponent. Vun Lear was nominated at
the primary, election and then received
tho highest 'vote in a contest in which
eight names were to be voted on. Since
that time his opponents left no stone unturned in nn effon to cause his defeat
nt the general election. Organized
Lubor stood behind its candidato and
contributed not only tabor, but dimes
and dollars to help, muke the election
assured. Two sociamet aldermen and a
member of the,sob,eii! posrd has baen-re--
elected. One socialist has been re-elected to the state legislature. Candidates
in the congressional election make a
good showing, both running seeond. One
socialist was elected to the park board.
Close votCB in two wards defeuted two
candidates for aldermen.
REIECi BY
IS
Workers Rapidly Learning
There Is Nothing to
Arbitrate
No Truce Can Be Patched
Up Between Exploiter
and Exploited
Have You Signed the Firemens Petition?
ROYAL CITY MACHINISTS
ORGANIZED LAST FRIDAY
Starts Off With a Charter Membership
of About Thirty.
NEW WESTMINSTER, Nov. 20.-
Aftor a successful cumpaign of less thnn
two weeks, Organizer Duncan McCallum of the International Association of
Machinists, organized a good live
healthy lodgo hore on Friday evening
last. Thc charter membership will number
: close to 30. Tho meeting wns fittingly
presided over by Secretary Yates of tho
Royal City Trades and Labor council,
iind nmong thoso who briefly addressed
the new members wero Orgnnizcr McCallum, Wm. Small, president of Van-
couved lodgo, No, 182; Jns. H. McVety,
president of the B. C. Federation of
Labor; R. P. Pottipioce, manager of The
Foderntionist, nnd Wm. Davis, who has
the distinction of being presidont of
Vancouver lodge more thun 25 years
ago. Mr. Davis, by the wny, was elected as the flrst president of the new
union. He is now located nt Port Mann.
Officers will bo elected ns soon as tlie
new charter nrrives from hcudquurturs.
Organizer MeCullum ia still working in
this locality, and will seo thnt the boys
get off to a good start. Ho is hoping to
mnke it unanimous by the time the
chnrtor reuches the Labor Templo. With
the completion of orgunlzntion nmong
the machinists and specialists engaged
in tlio production of Bhells, it is thought
thut employers may deem it advisable
to pny at least the samo wages as pro-
vail "away down east" in tho cent
belt. At any rnte, tho boys nre organized and therefore preparod for any
emergency.
Org. Wells at Calgary.
A. 8, Wells, secretary-treasurer of thc
B. C. Federation of Lnbor, left for Cal-
gury on Monday evening to look after
the Amalgamated Carpenters' interests
in tho Prairie City. Org. Wolls has boen
doing effective work in Vancouvor for
tho past few weeks. "Jimmy" Smith
is officiating in his stead during bis absence.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Nov. 26—Typographical Union,
MONDAY, Nov. 27—Amnlgumtcd
Engineers; Electrical oWrkers,
No. 213; Pattern Makers.
TUESDAY, Nov. 28—Barbers;
Bro. Locomotive Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 20.—
THURSDAY, Nov. 30.—Press
Feeders.
FRIDAY, Dec. L—Railway Carmen; Letter Carriers;' Civic
Employees.
SATURDAY, Dec. 2.—Bakers.
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Nov. 21.—
The striking coal miners have refused to accept the principle of arbitration in the present dispute and
today voted down Premier Hughes'
proposal that the men return < to
work under existing conditions and
leave the final settlement of the
questions at issue to the arbitration
court. The result of the balloting
has caused dismay throughout the
Commonwealth.—Daily press.
ONE BY ONE the panaceas invented
. by surf ace-skimmers and political
quacks for the cure of Labor unrest, by
calming the disturbed feelings of the
harried wage-workers of capital, are
turning out to be worthless nostrums,
and being repudiated by those whom
they were intended to soothe. The
"principle of arbitration," one of the
most loudly proclaimed nostrums, and
heralded far and wide as the key that
waB to open the gates of the millenium
wherein the lamb of capital and the lion
of labor might gambol gaily upon the
green together all down through the
coming ages, has long since proven to
be a quuek nostrum, as devoid of curative virtue as the incantations of an Indian mediciue man. It is being thrown
overboard by the very ones whom it
was designed to chloroform into somnolence and subjection. It has now been
repudiated in thc land of its birth, and
by the very forces that at least assisted
ut the accouchement that brought it
forth. That it has fallen into ill-repute
is no accident, nor is it because of tho
innate cusscdnesB of the rebellious workers. It is due purely to the fact that
thero is absolutely nothing to arbitrate
between masters and workerB. There
being nothing to arbitrate, it followa
that tho "principle of arbitration"
could uot be made to apply. That it
has failed is all the proof of this that is
required. No truer words were ever
spoken thnn those uttered by u big capitalist when approached with a request
that n certain -diwpute with hhrwork'
men be submlted to arbitration. His
reply was that "there ia nothing to arbitrate."
The Plain Fact
The relation existing betwoen the
modern capitalist class and its employees, ia exactly that which existed
between the slave masters of tbe ancient world und their slavos. Under such
relntiona there is nothing to arbitrate^
The master is master; the slave is a
slave, and thut is ull there is to it.
There is no middle ground that can be
mapped out by means of any arbitration
scheme, or other silly nostrum. It is arbitrary r.ilo upou the one hand and abject submission upon the othor, a condition that cannot be disturbed except by
open rebellion upon the purt of the
slnvoB, and cannot be wiped out by any
other means thnn that of revolution, a
revolution thut completoly destroys the
power of the maatera to continue their
rule and their robbery. It should not be
forgotten that no strike, boycott, blacklist, arbitration, agreement, or oven Inw
plnced upon the stututo books, ever yet
settled uny difference between capital
and lubor. The most that has over been
accomplished was to merely hoist a flug
of truce between tho small sections of
the capitalist and working clnsscs in
volved in tho particular quarrel in question, nnd thai truce wus broken by
either one side or the other, at the first
favorable opportunity. The rcuson it
was broken luy in the fact that the
samo old cause that brought forth the
previous quarrel wns still doing business at the same old stand, and in the
same old way. Nothing had been settled and nothing could be settled, ho
long us masters and slaves remninod,
and the basic principle of civilization
wus that of tho relationship existing between them. It is high time nil nostrums and patchwork schemes wero repudiated by the workers, and tho correct
lino of uction located and followed. All
else leads only to confusion and disappointment. It is only the correct, the
revolutionary cluss lino of action, thnt
affords u rainbow of hope anil promise
to the enslaved toilers of the world. All
huil to tho Australian workors, who nre
evidently beginning to see the light nnd
aro repudiating the worthless patent
nostrums invented by their rulorB, for
their still further undoing. Mny thc
workers of other lands speedily follow.
FOR OLD AGE PENSIONS
United Mine Workers Plan to Care for
Old and Disabled Members.
Recommendation that old-ago pensions bo paid to members of tho United
Mine Workers after they arc (15 yenrs
old, and to disabled miners under that
age, will be made by the special committeo appointed by John P. White, president of tho organization to Investigate tho matter.
A report will bc submitted to tlio
next biennial convention of tho U. M.
\V. of A, in Indianapolis, in January,
1017.
Tho recommendation for old-age pensions will suggest a per enpitu tux of 25
ccntB a month on ouch of tho 400,000
members of the organization in tho
United States and Canada, during tho
next five years, nnd the payment aftor
1023 of a monthly pension of $20 to nil
minors more than (55 years old. Incapacitated minors under 05, owing thoir in-
juries to accident, nnd having no means
of support, will receive thc snmo pension.
No miner would be eligible for a pension until ho has been a member of the
union continuously for ten years and
paid the pension for five years,
TREAT DISPUTES ACT
AS JOKE THAT IT IS
Governmental Activity Only Applicable-Where Workers Are
Concerned.
More than 200 freight handlers
and checkers, employed by the C.
P. R. at Toronto, have so far forgotten themselves this week aa to
igaore the federal Industrial Disputes Aet, and take a "holiday"
pending the adjustment of a few
differences of opinion between
themselves and the company ovor
the question of wages. In fact,
to quote the daily press, it is "a
serious development in the already serlouB freight question in
Canada.'' The government is
ever ready to step in and put the
halter on wage-workers when
they attempt to stray from the
beaten paths of servitude. It is
prepared, too, to take down the
bars, so far as immigration restrictions are concerned, to permit
"free" labor to roam wheresoever it pleases, provided wages
cnn thus be kept down. True, the
tariff must be maintained or even
raised to protect "infant" industries from strangling. The prices
of foodstuffs can go as high as
Haman, but far be it from the
government to interfere. Sueh
governmental activities are reserved for the special attention
of recalcitrant wage-workers,
smarting under the very conditions which they are supposed to
be fighting against in Europe jnst
NOT POM
Citizens Are Backing Men in
Effort to Get Proper
Working Hours
Chairmanof Firemen's Committee Says It Means
Small Increase
LECKIE SHOE STRIKE
AMICABLY SETTLED
Satisfactory Concessions Made to Employees, Who WiU Organise.
The employees of the Leckie Shoe Co.,
Ltd., Vancouver, returned to work Wedneaday morning, after a "holiday" of
less than a week. Several meetings
were held during the week in Labor
Temple. Mr. J. D. McNIven, local representative of the federal department
of labor, assisted in bringing tho parties to the dispute together, and a tentative aettlement waB reached on Tueaday afternoon. '
The employees will meet in Labor
Temple again tomorrow at 12.15 p.m.,
for the purpoae of -completing their arrangements to organize a branch of the
Boot & Shoe Workers' International
union. Gem ml Socretary V. R. Midgley
of the local central body, who Is alao a
voluntary organiser of the A, F. of L.,
will be present to help the new union
along.
TYPOS. TO MEET S0NDAY
Chapel Gossip and Secretarial Notes of
the Week.
Hia many friends will regret to lenrn
of the serious wounding of J. T. O'Brion
while on military duty in France. Mr.
O'Brien was for a number of years nn
employee of the firm of Evans & Hastings of thia city. He enlisted for overseas, and left Vancouver with tho 02nd
battalion, was drafted to France, where
ho wua recently severely injured by
shell fire. Latest reports from other
Typos On military duty indicate that
they aro well.
Clarko Pettipiece returned to Vancou
ver on Wednesduy morning, after being
absent for ubout two months. Ho volunteered for overseas ns a incmbor of
tho motor corps of tho Uinversity Battalion, but only got as far as Winnipeg,
where he failed to pass tho medical test,
aud was discharged.
Trude conditions are slightly better
than fur somo time past, and extras and
sjbfl. have some chance of tecuring a
meal ticket.
Tho regular monthly meeting of No,
220 will be held on Sunday next, Nov.
20, ut 2 o'clock, in room 307, Lubor
Temple. All members uro requested to
be present, us a good time is expected
MINERS MAKE ULTIMATUM
Settlement of War Bonus Must Be Made
By Tomorrow.
FERNIE, B. C, Nov. 23.—Very ttttl-
progress has us yet been mado towards
tlio settlement of tho dispute between
Ihe miners and the coal operators of this
district. The time granted to tho operators by the miners, in which to either
grant the wur bonus, or the investigation into tho prices or foodstuffs and
accessaries of life in tho affected districts is begun, terminates on Saturday.
Unless the demuiuls are complied with,
there will be a complcto tio-.ip of the
thirty odd mining companies in what is
known as District 18, embracing southeastern British Columbia und Alberta.
United Mine Workers' ollicials report
that special meetings held recently
throughout tho district show the miners
to bo practically unanimous in regard t<
thc enforcement of their demands.
So Different in Canada.
Tho board of trade in Greet Britnin
has begun speedily under the new food
control rcgulution. Two orders huve
been issued whieh came into operation November 17, dealing with wheat
nnd milk.
Pressmen's System of Giving.
Vancouver Pressmen's union, No. 60,
has adopted a method of contributing
to the Patriotic fund thut should appeal
to other unions of like mind. The secretary collects tho assessment mado from
each member, and at the end of each
month turns over thc nmouat in thc
name of the organization to the secretary of the fund.
Annexation of South Vancouver,
South Vancouver voted on tho ques-
tipn of annexation with Vancouver city
four years ago, when 00 per cent, of tlio
votes cast were in favor of the project.
Tho plan was not carried into effect, because, tho government ut that time wub
opposed to the project. To carry it out
without action by tho legislature, Roeve
Winram Btntes, it will bo necessary to
obtain tho assent of half of tho recorded
land owners in the district, which ia
practically impossible, as many of them
live at distant points. And thero the
matter stands.
TWENTY ONE HOUR
AT THE next meeting of the Tradee
and Labor council, the request of
the Vancouver firemen for the endorsement of their campaign for the establishment of a two-platoon system for
the city fire department will come up
for consideration.
When the question eomes np the request wiU.bave the backing on the floor
of duly chosen representatives to the
council from the firemen's organisation.
During the present week a poll of the
firemen was token on the queition of
affiliation with the organized labor interests of the city, with the result that
the men decided, by a practically unanimous vote, to cast in their lot with the
Trades and Labor council, and their
delegates will be present at iti next
meeting.
Citlsens Are Endorsing plan,
, The firemen have been conducting a
small publicity campaign in order to acquaint the general public with the conditions under which they are working,
and the merits of tbe two-platoon ays*
tem from the standpoints of efficiency
for the department and humanity for
the firemen. They say that the publie
received with astonishment the state*
ment as to their being obliged to work
for 21 hours out of every 24 on six dayi
of each week, very few citizens being
acquainted with this condition. Prominent merchants stated at once, when
this fact was pointed out to them, that
there was evidently a need of something being done promptly to remedy
such a condition of affairs as a department manned under auch an arrangement was not certainly capable of giving the most efficient service. As the
result of straight and undeniable statements by the firemen as to the conditions under which they are now working
ond the advantages of tho two-platoon
system, the firemen report that their petition to the city couneil requesting that
a plebiscite on the question be taken in
connection with the city elections le being largely signed.
21-Hour Say Is Unjust.
1 "Our appeal to tho puulic is said by
prominent citizens to be the strongest
and most just which, for a long time,
has beon presented before the public,''
said Mr. A. Watson, chairman of the
Firemen's Campaign committee. "The
idea of a 21-hour working day on the
basis of a six-duy week is one for which
there is said to be no justification. If
employors and merchants admit this to
be the case and sign our petition fur a
plebiscite in as largo numbers as they
aro doing, wo certainly expect the
strong endorsement and support of organized labor iu our campaign.
"This is a question," said Mr. Watson, "which concerns every citizen of
Vaneoaver. Every man, whether ho
owns his home or not is vitolly interested in lire protection. Many working-
men now own their own nomes, and will
bo interested from that point of view.
But every tenant is also concerned, inasmuch us the personal and household
belongings of tenants mean as much or
even more to them than docs the value
of u house to tue jwner.
Only Small Increase in Cost.
"Our campaign has been criticized in
some quarters on the ground thot it will
grently increase taxation. This stnto-
ineut is absolutely incorrect. The facts
of the case uro thut the fire department
is now admittedly undermanned, and
that the lire underwriters have given
thc city notice that thore must bo an increase in the insurance rates unless tho
upparutus is properly manned. This
means a certain increase of expenditure
(according to Aid. Kirk) of from $30,-
000 tu $50,000 for next year, Thc cost
of establishing tho two-plntoon system
wo.tld bc only 1(75,000 for tho yoar, or
only ubout $-15,000 over whut will have
to bo expended in any event. This
means only one-quarter mill on tho city
assessment or -*". cents on un ussesfled
valuation of $1000.
'Whnt will the public receive in return for this expenditure?1 It will provide, by the addition of 80 men to tho
present force for nn arrangement
Whoreby a full force for the manning of
all apparatus will work on n day shift
of 10 hours aud a night shift of 14 hours
with 10 meu for cull duty. The arrangement also provides that all firemen
must have telephones in their homes,
nnd aro subject to call for special duty
whenever a firo or uny magnitude occurs. Tho slight increase of cost to provide for such an arrangement is certainly out of all proportion to the benefits
received.
In n word, tho two-plntoon Bystem
stands for the highest efficiency of tho
city's fire fighting equipment nnd tho
principles of common humanity for tho
firemen. Wc are perfectly Biitisfied to
leave thc justice of our cause to the
doctors, nnd all wo aro asking is that
thoy bo given a chance to stato their
opinions at the polls."
Iu closing, Mr. Watson asked that
every reader of Tho Federationist living
in Vancouver should nt onco sign the
potition to tho city council requesting
the pleblflcito on tho two-platoon question, as it is desired to present this formal request vory shortly. These petitions mny bo found at any fire hall,
whero full explanations of the proposed
system will be givon to all enquirers.
Thc Federationist welcomes correspondence from any of tho wago workers of
British Columbia. But lot it be remembered that there arc many wago workers nnd very few pnges of The Federationist.   Brevity haB many virtues. PAGE TWO
\ .
THE BRITISH COHJMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY. November 24, 1916
THE
INCORPORATED
1855
BANK OF
TORONTO
iiMtt M8.000.000
Depo.it U.000.00O
Household Banking
Accounts
in The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. Tbe accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may depoeit
or withdraw money. Interest ia
paid on these accounts twice a
year.
Paid op espial.
Rsserve  Innd   ..
5,000,000
Mat.aai
Cornet HMtings ud Cambie Sta.
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & Oo.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
IM
Published every Friday morning hy the B. 0.
Federatlonist. Limited
E. Perm. Pettlplece .Manager
Offlce: Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:  »1.50 per year;  In Vancouver
City. $2.00;   to union, subscribing
In a body, gl.OO
REPRESENTATIVES
New Westminster W. Yates. Boi 1021
Prince Rupert S. D. Macdonald   Box 268
Victoria A. S. Wells. Box 1538
I
■Unity of Labor: the Hope ot the World"
FBIDAY November  24,
191(1
SOME OF OUR
BEST CUSTOMERS
are among tbe trade unionists of
Oreater Vaneoaver,
We Will Make Terms to
Suit You
Come in and look over the biggest
and best stock of furniture in
British Columbia.
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
41 HASTINOS ST., WEST
W. R. OWEN
Malleable   Bavngu,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN BT. Pbnu: Fair. MT
THE NEW
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Corner Main and Broadway
Tha Suburban House Beautiful
Where the whole family goes. .
PANTAGES
UaswaUsd Vaudeville Mean,
F.UITAOES VAUDEVILLE
THBEB SHOWS DAJLT
>:<(, 7:10, »:!»    Season'. Prices:
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British
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Land
Splendid opportunities ia Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Btoek aad
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 aeres
to Aotual Settlert—
Free
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three years; improvements to the extent of (5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least live acres.
For further information apply to
DEPUTY MINISTER OF
LANDS, VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
SEOBETABY, BUBEAU OF
PBOVINOIAL  INFORMATION,
VICTORIA, B. 0.
Quality Supreme
Sou-Van Milk
Fair. 262*1
Union Delivery
PRINTING
COWAN ft BROOKHOUSE
labor Temple Press    Sey. 4490
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST
ADVERTISERS AND TELL
THEM WHY. COSTS LITTLE
—HELPS A LOT.
SIR GEORGE NEWMAN, the chief
medical officer of the English Board
of Education, in a report recently
issued, has set forth a fow facts rclat
Ing to the condition of a largo percentage    of   the    school
AN children of England,
APPALLING that has aroused
CONDITION. great interest, und
bus como ns a shock
to tho public generally. According to
the report, there are "not less thun a
quarter of a million children in England
who are aeriously crippled, invalided or
disabled, and not leBS than a million
school children are so physi«ully or mentally defective or diseased as to be un-
nblo to derive reasonable benefit from
the education which the Btutc provides." These conditions nre not the
result of war but peace. TheBe are the
normal conditions brought ■ about
through the operation of industrial production under a property regime that
forces the wealth producers to surrender
their life force for the purpose of coining profit for the vulgar money hogs
that constitute the British ruling class.
No evidence is required to make it clear
that thoso unfortunate children are tie
offspring of the working class. They
could belong nowhere else, for in no
other stratum of human society cuild
the necessary groundwork for such conditions be found.
N THESE days of worship at the
shrine of efficiency, the conservation
of energy for the purpose of avoiding waste, and the directing of it into
channels that will bring an adidtion to
the figures upon the
THE profit side of the led-
CONSERVATIONger, has been well-
OF ENERGY.      nigh reduced to a fine
art. Efficiency experts are able to command good positions in the great scheme of making a
profit out of the labor of others, nnd
their services are rated high in the financial terms of the commercial mart.
Some of these efficiency experts hnve
attained national and even international
fume, while many others whose names
are never mentioned, hnve done invaluable spade work along the line of com-
and dollars for the purpose of operating
wood camps near the city and delivering
wood for sale in town. Such brave action affords a fitting reply to the base
assumption held by many Winnipeggers,
that the city council was largely made
up of wooden heads. By this master
stroke, the gigantic monopoly that has
hitherto accumulated untold millions
through charging exorbitant prices for
cordwood, will be broken upon the
wheel of a people's wrath, und craven
capital throughout tho world will be
given a fever-and-ague chill of fear and
trembling, at the threat of a still
greater wrath yet to come. Especially
will capital interested in the cordwood
business, shiver and shake. This fearless bearding of tho Hon of trade in his
very den, however, affords an excellent
A woman was the prize winner at the
St. Johns, N. B., apple show recently.
This is perhaps largely due to an inherited .trait along the female line, for
let it not be forgotten that Mother Eve
played a star part in the firBt apple
show.
polling the field of labor exploitation to j illustration of the progressive tendency
It is doubtful if nny other bunch of
industrial slaves in all history ever produced more wealth for their masters in
the same length of time, than the workers of England have brought forth for
theirs.   And they have struggled valiantly and stubbornly against their mas-
tors all down through the centuries of
the wage system in order to prevent
their living conditions being forced below the limit of toleration.    In sheer
self-defence they havo been forced to
fight in order to hang on to even a bare
and meagre existence.   And after six
centuries of work and wnges more than
a million of their children are in the
condition referred to, a physical and
mental condition that is not bred from
good working and living circumstances
and   surroundings.     Such  a   condition
spells poverty of the most severe and
ghastly type, a poverty thnt in turn
spells   slavery,   the   sole   and   prolific
mother of all poverty and its attendant
evils.   It is said that truth oft comeB
from tho "mouths of babes and sucklings."    It  may  be   said  with   even
greater certainty thut much of it may
often be gathered from public reports
and archives, especially if one takes
pains to read between the lines.   Truth
does not lie at "the bottom of a well,"
but is found all about us, thnt is if wo
havo "eyes to see and ears to hear."
'*       *       *
From what othor circumstance could
such appalling conditions arise, except
from that of human slavery 9    From
whence comes the withering curse of
povorty, if not from slavery!    What
blighting evil has yot afflicted mankind
that is not directly attributable, and
cannot be clearly traced, to the enslavement of man by man?  Whnt other reason can be given for the lamentable
conditions referred to by Sir George
Newman, and the multitude of other evidences of the physical und moral degradation tbat is the chief characteristic
of modern civilization f   It is no doubt
true that tho conditions found in England are neither better nor worse than
are the conditions to be found in the
othor countries of the capitalist countries of tho world.   Should any difference exist, it would be in degree only,
and duo no doubt largely to the stage
of capitalist development in tho respective countries.   At tho snmo stage of development conditions would be equalized.   England boing one of the oldest
and   most   highly   developed  capitalist
countries, it is perfectly logicul that the
resultant conditions  of  wnge slavery
ahould be in fullest and most perfect
flower.   As all belligerentB in the present war are lighting for the preservation of their respective Y»ranai of civilization, and all of their brands are alike,
then it also logically follows that the
workors  of these  respective countries
nro nil fighting to preserve for themselves and futuro generation**., the syBtem of property and slavery that has already brought to a million children of
the English working class tho appalling
physical and mental condition set forth
by Sir George Newman, and which, if
continued, will bring similar conditions
to nil of the children of all the workers
of nil countries. That, with the thousand
and one object lessons of their slavery
confronting   them   upon   evory   hand,
workers by the million in all lands can
still bo found stupid enough to cut each
other's throats in such a cause aa the
perpetuation of that slnvery, is thc most
amazing thing ovor yet recorded in the
annals of time.
bring forth the largest possible crop of
proflt. A solitary Ruth gleaning in ihe
fields of Boaz, While no doubt able to
pick up a considerable number of grains
of corn, could not be expected to thus
accumulate any great store. But a large
number of gleaners operating in u much
larger field might be able to gather a
quantity that would be worth while
* * *
Every person in Canada knows the
Canadian Pacific railway. In fact that
benevolent institution is not altogether
unknown outside of the Dominion. Thu
reason it is so well-known to those who
dwell in Canada is, that it cornea nbout
as near to being the absolute owner of
the Dominion aB it iB possible to come
nnd not actually own it. Like all creatures of its kind it keeps an eye open
for tho mnin chance and does not allow
anything to escape ita clutches through
lack of efficiency 'upon the part of its
staff. Somewhere in its employ are un
doubtedly to be found gleaners who
glean, not for themselves as did Ruth
of biblical times, but glean diligently
for the company, accepting chiefly aa
their reward therefor, that supreme satisfaction that alone cometh to he who
has, worthily and well, served the mas-
ter who has so kindly furnished the opportunity so to do. Some such worthy
gleaner in the service of the C. P. H.
has been at some time inspired to inaugurate an efficiency scheme that is well
worthy to be chronicled among the notable achievements of the age. It is for
tho purpose of calling the attention of
other concerns to the efficiency possibilities lying within the scheme, once it is
applied to industries in gencrnl, that
these lines nre written.
*       *       *        *
From time immemorial it has been th°
custom of "Jerry on the track" to go
to and from his work, by means of a
handcar which he pumped by means ot
hia good right arm. "Jerry" no longer
furnishes the motive power that drives
the handcar on the C. P. R. A nice
little gas engine does the job. The com
pany kindly furnishes the car and the
gasoline, but "Jerry" ia compelled to
furnish the engine. This is only equivalent to what ho did in the days when
the car waa pumped by hand. Inasmuch
ns "Jerry" now rides without pumping
why should he not furnish the engine of
iron and steel that has supplanted his
engine of flesh and blood that previously developed the power to speed the car
along the rails? The gas engine is paid
for by the "Jerry's," the company deducting a certain amount from their
wages. It has always been the practice
for the men to go to and from their
work, on the company's time. As the
gas engine makea a greater speed possible, less time is lost in going and coming. As "Jerry" uses up none of his
energy in pumping himself to and from
his work, he has that much more energy
to expend upon the spike maul and the
tamping bar. Thus two birds are killed
with the samo Btone. The C. P. R. gains
by the increased efficiency of "Jerry,
nnd the later gains an added dignity by
being the owner of an tfngine outside of
himself and being able to "joy ride"
to and from his daily labors. Thore aro
many ways in which the same principle
of efficiency may bo mado to apply in a
similar manner in other industries. It
opens up a splendid field for speculation.
It should be well cultivated.
Uncle Sam seems to be in a devil of
a fix. He has more go.ld than he knows
what to do with, and he is getting to be
rather doubtful about European credit,
He iB getting too much of tbat. Still
he has goods to sell, and must sell them
or starve.   Queer, isn't it?
of the times, and the growing revolutionary spirit that heralds tho swift
coming dawn of a better era and a more
comoly civilization. It sure does.
*' * *
But best of all is tho fact that thero
are 4,035,000' women working for wages
in dear old England now. The number
has been increased by some 800,000 during the past year. About one-hnlf are
working in industrial plants, while 200,-
000 are farm luborors. What a splendid
vista is thus opened to the eager gaze of
he who longs for the miienium or for a
return to the good old daya of our forefathers, when the hanughty m*le confined himself to those virtues that consisted, in the main, of resting nnd smoking the pipe of peace, while his old
squaw did the work. May the war last
long enough to bring the complete and
full return of those hnlycon days of
yore. That would surely be the allien-
ium, or something just as good. It is
pleasing to note that at the "request of
the Imperial Munitions board, Mr. H.
E. Morgan, of the labor supply department of the ministry of munitions, is
proceeding to Canada to advise the
board on the procedure adopted in this
country (England) in regard to labor
munition factories." Glory be!
Coming over here to show how the trick
of "diluting labor" was worked in the
dear old motherland. Thnt is fine, and
there ia an excellent field in Canada in
which to exercise hiB talent. There are
somo thousands of women here who
have, as yet, not been put to work,
either in munition works, lumber camps
or aaw mills. And who shall say that
there is no opening for them theroin?
And nre the women of Canada to bo
kept behind their sisters of the old land,
by being denied the glorious and God-
given right to work? Nay, nay, Pauline. Let them all have a job. Let
thom all work for their country. Let
the male animal regain the long lost
estate of his fathers, and again become
tho warrior in times of strifo and tho
haughty disciple of dignity and rest during times of peace. The millenium? It
surely-cometh. The dawn is breaking.
Still it ia going to be somewhat tough
on the squaw, but what was good enough
for her maternal ancestors ought to be
good enough for her. And then when
she gets an easy job at good pay, in a
saw mill or out on a farm, sho will no
longer need to bc a drag upon the patriotic fund. See the point? Of course
you do.
When John Burns resigned from the
British cabinet at the outbreak of the
war, he prophesied that Great Britain
would be driven to "conscription, protection and then to revolution." This
leads the Milwaukee Leader to remark
that "conscription and protection have
come, and revolution is waiting at the
door."
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown product!
SAVE ALL BOTAL OBOWN COUPONS AND WBAPPEES
THEV ABE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia dean)
The coal minors of British Columbls,
thunks to socialist legislators, have had
an eight-hour bank-tobonk law for
some years. This is the very thing the
miners of Australia are now on strike
for. Zt is so long since British Columbia was a trail-blazer in the matter of
legislation thnt no opportunity must be
miHBGd .to modestly make comparisons.*
The New York Call offers $100 in gold
to nny person who can prove that the
working people of the United States
have any cause for going to war with
the working people of Mexico. The
Federationist will give $1000 to any person who can prove that the working
people of any country on earth have any
cause for going to war with the workers
of any country whatever. Here's your
chance to get a little easy money.
FIBE INSURANCE
We would be glad to quote you rates
on your ire insurance. We are making
a specialty of this department, and will
guarantee you as cheap rates as can be
had, also complete satisfaction in all
your transactions.
JOHN A. BABBBB
590 Bichard! St. Tel. Sey, 4434
LIST OF UNIONS ATP1LIATED WITH
TBE B. 0. FEDERATION Or LABOB
VANCOUVER UNIONS
>J
TRADEB AND LABOB COUNOIL—11EETB
flnt   ind  third  Thuridaye.   Executlvt
botrd; Jimoi H. MoVew, president:   B. H.
Myles,   vice-president;   Victor  B.   Midgley,
general secretary,  210 Ubor Templo;  Fred
Knowles, trenflurer; W. 11. Cotterill itatliti- ■
iiit\a;   sergeant-at-arms,   John   Sully:   A    J.
Crawford, Jss. Campbell, J. Brooks, truttttt.
ALLIED PBINTINO TBADES COUNOIL—
Meets   second   Monday   In   the   month.
President,   J.   McKinnon;   secretary,   R,   H.
Neelands, P. 0. Boat flfl.
A peace conference was broken up at
Cardiff, Wales, recently by a riotous
mob of patriots. The police did not interfere. If the gentle Nazarene were to
reappear on enrth during these glorious
patriotic days, and attempt to again de-'
liver his massage of "peace on earth,"
he evidently would fare no better than
he did at Jerusalem 1900 years ago. At
least not in Wales.
The amount of business transacted by
the Baltimore convention of the American Federation of Labor, and the important bearing it has upon the "irrepressible conflict" of interest between
the capitalist class and the working
class, may be best illustrated by resort
to statistical information, gathered
from the official reports of its proceedings. There were 150 sets of resolutions
introduced to the convention, and duly
deliberated upon. These contained no
less than 443 " whereas V" and 210
"resolved." Every great public question, from digging clams up the north
coast clear down to giving Mr. Oompers a wedding anniversary bnnquet, was
properly and emphatically deal with. If
"whereas" and be it "resolved" will
batter down the walls of tho capitalist
"Jericho," she ought to be pretty near
in ruins, after such a fusilade,
Still fiirther evidonce of tho deadly
effect of gas was recorded down In Wisconsin, on Nov. 8, whon John 8. Hutch-
ins dropped dead while discussing politics.
THERE ABE numerous signs upon
the social horizon presaging the
rapid approach of that millenium
of which poets hnve sung and sages
dreamed all down through the ages. As
showing the pronoun-
THE DAWN cod trend of thojght
OF THE looking townrds high-
MILLENIUM. er and better things,
wo note in dospntches
from tho old country that, "the public
rcsentB the fact that private ship owners are allowed to reap enormous proflti." This is indeed encouraging. It
is also most surprising. After long
years of observation of tho peculiar
characteristics of that "long eared
ass," commonly tormed the publie, we
are not only surprised, but completely
dumbfounded to lenrn thnt it hns sense
enough to resent anything. If it be
true, howover, thore is hopo that it will
in time become wise enough to resent
something worth while bothering about.
But then, come to think about it, the
"public" haB often beon accused of
idiosyncracics of which it was, by no
means, guilty, and perhaps the same is
true in this very serious caso. Let us
hope so, in nil seriousness. At any rate
it is at cheerful sign, whether it be truo
or not.
* * *
Another evidence of the swift progress, the almost reckless progress of the
ttmcH, is found in the case of the city
of Winnipeg. This advanced and progressive burg has at Inst thrown all
caution to the winds nnd plunged headlong into the seething maelstrom of the
world 'b trade and commerce. Tho city
has gone into the wood business. The
city council has appropriated ten thous-
IN THE FEDERATIONIST of Nov._
10, under caption "The Location of
Patriotic Cash," wo took occasion
to point out, among promising lends, one
that would, if followed, bring the patriotic    fund    collectors
FATTING into close proximity
OUB to a fine aggregation
OWN BAOK of swag that had
been accumulated
through the initiative, application and
thrift of a band of commercial aud exploiting gentlemen known as tbe Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting und
Power Co. As this company had just
declared a dividend that swelled the
year's plundor to over one million dollars, we felt that our tip would lead to
a most satisfactory addition to the patriotic exchequer. We were by no means
mistaken iu our judgment. Evidently
our tip was followed up, for let it be
known to all men that the Granby outfit
has como through with the magnificent
donution of $15,000 for the fund. While
wo do not pretend to be qualified to furnish competent advice as to likely winners in a horse raco, we feel compelled
to admit, and we do so with due und be
coming modesty, and without intent to
appear egotistic, that as a locator of
patriotic cash we stand in a class by
oursolf. The result of the.following up
of our Granby tip emphatically affirms
it. Now if the patriotic fund accumulators will be good onough to take our
further tip that a certain B. T. Rogers,
of B. C. Sugar Refinery fame, is also the
cuBtodian of mint her fat wad of swag,
and he being a patriot^ though perhaps
an absent-minded one, who will undoubtedly como through with something
handsome, we will freely donate to the
f and any sura that may be gotten out of
him through following up this information. Tho Federationist will cheerfully
and patriotically waive any and all
claim to any commission or other emolument that might be justly claimed for
having directed tho "fund" to the location of the caBh. Tho feeling that we
have "dono our bit" is all the reward
we wish. If cash be required for any
other putriotic purpose, we shall be
pleased to locate it, freo of chargo.
Ask  for Labor Temple   'Phone  Exchange,
Seymour  7196 ..^unless   othenrlie   itated).
Cooks, Walters, Waitress.?*—Room 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workera (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.    fief. 9610.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue. Offlce phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Association—Thomaa Nixon,
10 Powell street; phono Sey, 8859.
Musicians—11. J. Brasfleld, Boom 805,
Sailors—W. 8. Burns, 3X8 Hastings atreet
west.    Sey,  8708.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union, Phone Exchange
Seymour 5000,
Typographical—B. H. Neelanda. Boom 206.
BUSINESS AGENT DIRECTORY
TRADES UNION DIRECTORY
An hour aftor casting his ballot for
Wilson, a Jerseyville, III., man commit
ted suicide by cutting his throat, after
drinking poison. Evidently a case of remorse of conscience.
From latest reports from the cent belt
wo learn that an admission fee is now
charged for tho privilege of entering a
shop and looking at a potato. Recruiting !b said to Btlll be fairly good
lands, Box 66.
Barbers—8. H. Grant, 1801 7th avenue weit.
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—H. Cattell, 2206 Fifteenth Ave.
west.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowdoroy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
Brewery Workers—Frank Graham, 2256 12th
avneue west.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Tem
pie.
Brotherhood of Carpentera District Council
—F. L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T,
Solloway, 1157 Harwood atreet. Seymour
1848R
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—H, G. Savage,  1286 Hornby St.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—M. D.
Jordan, 1080 Granville atreet.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Clgarmakers—W. H. McQueen, oare Kurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooks, Walten, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workers (outside)—E, H. Morrison, Koora 207, Labor Temple,
Engineers—(Steam and Operating)—W. A.
Aloxander, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Hotel.
Garment Workers—Mra. Jardlne, Labor Temple,
Horseshoers—Labor Temple,
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue west. —
Laborers—George Harrison, Boom 220, Labor Temple,
Longshoremen—Thomaa Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Temple.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Boom 805, Labor
Tomple.
Moving Picture Operators—H. 0. Roddan, P.
0. Box 846.
Order of Railroad Conduct-ore—G, Hatch, 761
Beatty atreet.
Painters—Geo. Weiton, Room 808, Labor
Temple.
Plumbers —Room 208%, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—E, Waterman, 1167 Georgia Bt.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 2278 Fourteen Avo.
west.    Bayvlew 215L.
Pattern Makers—Vancouver—E. Westmoreland, 1512 Yew street.
Quarry Workera—James Hepburn, eare Columbia Hotel.
Seamen'B Colon—W. 8. Burns, P. 0, Box
1865.
Structural Iron Workers—Room 208, Labor
Temple.
Stonecutters—James   Rayburn,   P,   0,   Box
Sheet Metal Workers—J, W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway  Employees—A.  V.  Lofting,
2661 Trinity street.
Stereotypora—W. Bayley, eare Provlnee.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 842,
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 06.
Tailors—H. Nordland, Box 508.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo. W, Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers  and  Helpers—A. Jamleson,  540
Twenty-third avenue eait,
Blacksmiths—Revelstoke—Jas. M, Goble, Y.
M, C. A. Box, Bevelstoke, B. 0.
Brewery Workers—Vancouver—M. 0. Austin, 782 7th avenue east, Vanoouver, B. C.
Barbers—Victoria—G. W. Wood, 1807 Government atreet, Victoria, B, C.
Boilor Makers—Vancouver—A. Fraaer, 1161
Howo street, Vancouver, B. C.
Boiler Makers—Victoria, A. Stewart, P. 0.
Box 48, Beaumont, P. 0., B. C.
Bookbinders—Victoria — E. Sturgeon, 141
Eberts street, Victoria, B. C.
Bookbinders—Vancouver—W. H, Cowderay,
1885 84th avenue east, Vancouver, B. C.
Brewery   Workers—New   tVestmlnster—Jas.
A. Munday, 834 Columbia street oast, New
Westminster, B. 0.
Boiler Makers—Revelstoke—A. MoMahon, P.
0. Box 188, Revelstoke, B. C.
U.   B.   Carpenters—Victoria—W.   Galloway,
Labor Hall, Victoria, B. C.
A,  S.  U.  B.  Carpenters—Victoria—J.  Ley,
P. 0. Box 770, Victoria, B. C.
U. B. Carpenters—Prince Rupert—F. Salter,
P. 0. Box 694, Prince Rupert, B. C.
U. B, Carpenters—Nelson—Robt, Jardine, P.
0. Box 1006, Nelson, B. 0.
U. B. Carpenters—Nelson—G. Fraser, P. 0.
Box 264, Nelson, B. 0.
U.  B. Carpenters—Trail—F,  Camsell,  Trail,
B. C.
Cigar  Makers—Vancouver—T. H.  McQueen,
72 Water street, Vancouver, B.' 0.
Cigar   Makers—Victoria—Gua   Boaby,   1255
Pandora street, Victoria,
Electrical Workers-—Vancouver—B. H. Mor
rison, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Prince Rupert—S. Mas-
soy, P. 0. Box 944, Prince Rupert, B. C.
Electrical Workers—Victoria—W. Reld,  686
Cecilia road, Victoria, B. C.
Garment   Workers—Vancouver—Mrs.   Helen
Jardine, Labor Temple.
Horspshoors — Vancouver — Thos     McHugh,
2046 Pine street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Horseshoers—Victoria—R.  S.  Williams, 622
Pandora street, Victoria, B, C. '
Letter  Carriers—Victoria—C.   Siverts,   1278
Denman street, Victoria, B. C.
Longshoremen—Victoria—Frank  Varney,   P.
0. Box 1815, Victoria, B. C.
Longshoremen—Vancouver—Thos.  Nixon,   10
Powell itreet, Vancouver, B, 0.
Longshoremen—Prince  Rupert—F.   Aldridge,
P. 0. Box D31, Princo Ruport, B. 0.
Moving    Picture    Operators—Vancouver—H.
C. Roddan, 2647 McKensle street, Vancouver. B. C.
Machinists—Vancouver—J. H. McVety, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. 0,
Machinists—Revolstoke—D. Bell, P. 0. Box
284, Revelstoke, B. C.
Machinists—Cranbrook—W. Henderson, P. 0.
Box 827.
Machinists—Victoria—R.   H.   Scholes,   2720
Fifth street.
Moulders—Victoria—F. A. Rudd, P. 0. Box
81, Beaumont P. 0., B, 0.
Moulders—Vancouver—W.    H.    Cooke,    551
Sixth avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Painters—Victoria—J. Beckett, Labor   Hall,
Victoria.
Paper   Makers—Powell   River—J.   E.   Mo
rath, Powell River, B. C.
Pattern  Makers—Victoria—Geo. T.   Murray,
1043 Sutley street, Victoria, B. C.
Pattern   Makers—Vancouvei-—E.   Westmoreland, 1512 Yew street, Vancouver B. C.
Plumbers—Vancouver—H. Mundell, P. 0. Box
1131, Vancouver, B. C.
Plumbers—Victoria—J.  Fox,  Lahor Temple,
Victoria, B. 0.
Bro.    Railway    Carmen—Revelstoke—Harry
Parsons, Revelstoke, B. C.
Bro.  Railway  Carmen—Nelson—C.  H.  Phillips, P. 0. Box 808, Nelson, B. 0.
Bro.     Railway     Carmen — Vancouvor — H.
BrookB.  1860 Graveloy itreet, Vancouver.
Bro. Railway Carmen—Cranbrook—J.  Whit-
taker. P. O. Box 607, Cranbrook, B. a
Bro.   Railway   Carmen—North   Bend—John
McDonald. North Bend, B. C.
Sheot   Metal   Workers—Victoria—O.   Kreh-
ling, 1082 Richmond avenue, Victoria, B.C.
Steam Englnears—Victoria—J. Aymer, P. 0.
Box 92. Victoria, B. C.
Stage  Empluyee*—Victoria—L.  D.  Foxgord,
1330 Grant street.
Street  Railway  Employees—Victoria—R.   A.
C. Dewar,  1237 Johnson street,  Victoria,
B.C.
Street   Railwav   Employees—New   Westminster—W. Yates, P. 0. Box 1021, New Westminster, B. C.
Teamsters'   Union—Pernio—E.  Paterson,  P.
0. Box 681, Fernie, B. C.
Trades  Council—Vancouver—V. B.  Midgley,
Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Trades Council—Victoria—B. Simmons, P. 0.
Box B02. Victoria, B. C.
Trades    Council —New    Westminster —W.
Yatei, P. 0. Box  1021, New Westminster,
B. C.
Tailors—Victoria-E. C.  Christopher, P.  0.
Box 387, Victoria, B. 0.
TUe  Layers—Victoria—T.  King, P.  0. Box
1212, Vlctoris, B. C.
...... „    . „ .Jn        A
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 676.—Offloe.
Boom 208 Labor Temple. Meeta first
Sunday of each month. President, Jaiuea
Campbell^ flnanclal secretary, H. Davis Box
424; nhone, Sey. 4762; reeordlng --- *■
Wm. Mot"
etary, .
a-__;-_v__*__r__V«
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTKRNAT10J1*
•1 Union of America, Loul Mo. 120—
MeeU 2nd ind 4th Tuesdays In til, month,
Room 205 Labqy Tomplo. President, L. X.
Herrltt* aeoretary, 8. H. Glint, 801 Georgia
■treet.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', MO. 1—
Meet, ever; lit tnd Srd Tueaday, •
p.m., Room 807. Preaident, P. Pickle; cor*
responding secretory, W. 8. Dagnall, Box 58*
finnneill secretory, W. J. Pines; busineu
agont, ,W. S. Dagnall, Room aft,       "
BREWERY WORKERS, L. V. 1th. ttl, I.' V.
D. B. W. of A.—Moots tret ud third
Mondoy of eaeh month, Room 802. Ubor
Tomple, 8 p.m. President, R. N. Mole.: secretary. Frank Graham, 3260 Twelfth ai
weat.
BROTHERHOOD OP BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vanoouver Lodge Mo. 194—Moeta
Srat and third Monday.. 8 p.m. Preaident,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenne woat:
secrotary, A, Fraser, 1161 Howe atreet.
DEEP SEA FISHERMEN'S ONION OP TH*
Paella—Meets at 487 Gore avenuo every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, bualneaa
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 911
—Meets In Room 206, Labor Templo,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. Ut- .
Dougall, 1162 Powell atreet; reeordlng aeon-
tary, R. M. Elgar, Labor Temple; Inanelal
secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
■ociotion, Local 88*62—Office and hall.
10 Powell atreet.   MeeU every Thursday 0 I
*m.   Geo. Thomas, business agent; Thomaa
ixon, eecretary.
MACHINISTS, NO. 182—MEETS SEOOND
and fourth Thursdays at 8 pr. Preaident, Wm. Small; recording seeretary, J.
Brooks: Inanelal seeretary, J. H. MoVety,
211 Labor Temple.   Seymour 7495.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERA-
tors' Union, Looal 848, I. A. T. 8. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets Irst Sunday of eaeh
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. President,)
J. C. Lachance; business agent. W. E. McCartney; financial and correapondlng sect**
tary, H. 0. Roddan, P. 0. Box 846.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America—Vancouver and vicinity.—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondaya,
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue weat; flnsnclsl seeretary, J, Campbell, 4669 Argylo
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew street.   Phone Bayvlew 2699L.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployees. Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wed*
nesdays at 8 p.m. Preeldent, W. H. Ottr.ll;
vloepreeldent, R. E. Rigby; reeordlng aeeretary, A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity street; Inanclal secretary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION—OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Irst Tueeday ln each month, 8 p.m. Preal.
dent, Francis Williams; vice-president. Hlsa
H. Gutteridge; reeordlng seeretary, 0. Me*
Donald. Box 508; Inanelal eecretary. H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 503.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 226—MeeU
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
President, H. C. Benson; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
Typographical Union—Prince Rnpert—A. 0.
Franks, P. 0. Box 1021, Prince Rupert.
B. 0.
Typographical Union—Vernon—W. .T. Docke-
ray, P. 0. Box 641, Vernon, B. C.
Trndes    Council — Prince   Rupert — W.    E.
Thompson, P. 0. Box 158, Prince Rupert,
B. 0.
Brotherhood   of  Railway  Trainmen—D.   A.
Munro, 636 Ninth avonuo east, Vancouver,
B. 0.
United Mine Workers—Thos. Fawkes, P. 0.
Box 389, Cumberland. B. C.
United Mine Workers—H. Beard. Michel, B.
C.
United Mint) Workers—Thos. Uphill, Fernle,
B. C.
United Mine Workors—J. Jonea, Corbln, B.
0.
United Mlno Workers—A. McLellan, Nanalmo, B. 0., Jingle Pot Mine.
United   Mine   Workere1—J.   H.   Armstrong,
Ladyimlth, B. 0.
United Mine Workers—A. Dean. P. 0. Box
768. Nanaimo, B. 0.
United    Mine   Workers — James    Bateman,
South Wellington, B. 0.
United Mine Workors—Brunno Kaarro, Soln*
tnls, B. 0.
Western Federation of Minors—
W. B. Mclsaac, P. 0. Box 506, Ymlr, B. 0.
W, A. Mowlds, V. 0. Box 27. Stewart, B.O.
P. J. Bolman, P. 0. Box 26, Trail, B. 0.
Harry McGregor, VanAndn, B. 0.
J. Donnghue, Box K, Sandon, B. C.
F. Lubocher, Silverton, B. C.
W. Smith, P. 0. Box 294. Thoenlx. B. C.
0. 0.  Marshall, P. 0. Box 421, Rossland,
B. C.
Jas. Roberts, Moyle, B. 0.
J. Taylor. Klmberley, B. C.
T. R. Wllley. P. 0. Box 875, Hedley. B. 0.
Frank Phillips, P. 0. Box  106. Nelson,
B. C.
W. Lnkewood, P. 0. Box 124. Greenwood,
B. 0.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU
in annual convention In January, Exeoutlve officers, 1918*17: Pnaldent, Jaa. H. MoVety; vice-presidents — Vanoouver, Joba
Brooks, E. Morrison; Vlotoria, C. Siverts;
.N,,w_W^!,mln,"r' w. Yatea; Prince Ruport,
W. E. Thompson, P. 0. Box 168; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
jy*,1MSy,,iI,.'-W.dJ> VT. Head: Dlatrlct 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crew', Neat Valley), A. 5!
Carter. Secretsry-treasu-er, A. 8. Wills, P.*.
0. Box 1686. Vlotoria, B. fj, ™"   >"
VIOTOBIA, B. 0,
VICTORIA TRADEB AMD LABOR COUN*
t v 0I!r^H,.,.'J.,!f' ui aM Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government atreet, at •
p.m. Preaident, 0. Taylor: aeeretary, B.
Simmons, Box 302, Vlotoria, B, 0.
MEW WESTMimTBB. B, 0,
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784, Mow Westminster.
Meiti second Sunday of eaoh month at 1 '80
p.m.   Secretary, F. w. Jameson, Box 496.
PHMCE BOPBBT. B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AMD LABOB
Council—Moeta second and fourth Tuea*
daya of each montb, in Carpentera' hall, Prosldent, 8. D. Macdonald; aeeretary, J. j.
Anderaon, Box 978, Prince Rnpert. B. 0.
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 872, U. MTW. OF A.—
Meets second and fourth Sunday of eaoh
month, at 8.30 p.m., Richards Hall. Preal.
dent, waiter Head; vice-president. Wm. Iven;
recording secretary, Jaa. Bateman; Inanclal
aeoretary. S. Portray; treasurer, J. H. Rich,
ardson.
OBBAIlaBP LABOB COMPAimi
FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE BOOT
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CAN
ADA—Meete In convention September of
eaeh year. Exeoutlve hoard: Jas. 0. Watten.
president: vice-president, A. Watchman, Vlotoria, B. C.: James Simpson. Toronto, Ont.;
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, Man.; secretary-treasurer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 515, Ot*
town, Ont.
^S^^SS^P
"Ale
AND
Porter
__°~   > f tustBa-
*%&> or America *-<ci<r
tOFT«HHTai..OIMt.l(»MHn»IDI>0»
s
Vote agalnat prohibition! Demand per
..Ml liberty In enooalnr wbat yon will drink.
Ask for.thli Label wben purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee that It la Union Made. Thla li onr Label
B. 0. PEDEBATIONISTr LIMITED-Meete
at call of preildent. Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. 0. Dlreetora: Jamea Campbell,
president | J. H. MoVety, lecretarytreaanrer;
A. Watchman and A. k Weill.    R. Parm
Pettlpleoe,    '       -
Labor r
.■-—H..a *..u ta. a. nana. n. rarm.
•Ince, managing director. Room 917,
• Temple.   Telephone Seymonr 7405.
STKOPSIS   OF   COAL  MDHJIO   BEOULA-
TIOM.
.. ,Cotl minin* *'«**• of U>« Dominion, Ib
Manitoba, Saakatcbewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, tha Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Provinoe of Brltlih Colombia, may be leased for. a term of twenty-one
yeara at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 3,660 acrea will be leased to one
applicant.
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant In person to the Ageni or Snb-Agent
of the dlstriot In which the rlghta applied
for are situated.
In inrveyed territory tha land mnst ba de*
scribed by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in nnsurveyed territory the
traet applied for ahall bt ataked by the ao-
pllcant himself, r
Eaoh application muit be accompanied by
a fee of tS, wblch will be refunded If tbt
rights applied for are not available^ bnt not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on tha
merchantable output of tho mine at the rate
of five eents per ton.
The penon operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent wltb sworn returns account-'
Ing for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns ahould be furnished at lent onee
a year.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lenee may be permitted
to purehaie whatever available surface righti
may be considered neceuary for the working
of the mine at the rate of 110 an aere.
For (ull Information application shenM b#
made to the Seeretary ot the Department ef
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent er Sab-
Agent of Dominion Landa.
W. H. CORT.
« -   S'P"*? •f'n,.rtw..0' tha Interior.
N, B.—unauthorised publication of thli al
vertIn«Qi«n* win <m| be i^Jd for—10610 FRIDAY November 24, 1916
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE
Now On!
Our Annua)
Department
Managers'Sale
AND SAVE
BUY NOW
rMMMMrte  ttta     mrnmr I awiaXT wwi mKmmiii
Granville and Georgia Streets
CANADA'S BEST
"The Beer Without a Peer"
A CANADIAN PRODUCT BREWED FROM CANADIAN
BARLEY AND HOBS
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthful, nourishing
beverage.
Pints
$1.00 per
dozen
FOR SALE EVERYWHERE       Quart,
BREWED AND BOTTLED       $2.00 per
AT THE BREWERY
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
The Milk Wagon Drivers' union has
won out at Winnipeg, after a strike of
it few days1 duration. Secured recognition, increased pay and improved working conditions.
Reeve Fraser, of Burnaby municipality, has promised to present Mb name
on nomination day for a fourth term as
chief magistrate, at the request of a
large deputation.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
-LET THB—
HILLCREST DAIRY
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours ia a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used. The
milk comes from the Fraser Biver Valley.
PHONE YOUB ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT 1934
THE HILLCREST DAIRY
131 FIFTEENTH AVENUE VEST
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Oapital .....$15,000,000        Best $13,600,000
Main Offlca:   Corner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vaneoaver
OITT BRANCHES LOCATION
COMMERCIAL DRIVE     Oor. First Avenne tnd Commerciil Drive
EAdT END...,  ' Oor. Pender and llftln Street*
FAIRVIEW     Cor. Sixth Avenue tnd Granville Btreet
HASTINGS and CAMBIE     Cor. Hasting! and Gamble Street!
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenne and Tew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Oor. Eighth Avenne and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Btreet
SOOTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraaer Bond
Alio North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenne and Esplanade
UNION ^OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
OAK SUPPLY TOU WITB THB ALLIED PEMTDrO TBADBS TOION LABEL
BAULKY A SONS. 191 Haitian Street Stymour 810
nLOOHBERQER, T. R., St» Broadway East .Fairmont a0|
BRAND A PERRT, 6110 Peadsr Street. West  .Sermour 8671
BURRARD  PUBLISHING  CO.,  711  Sermour Street    Seymour  8580
CLARKE t> STUART, »80 Seymour Btreet   Seymour 8
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Temple Bulldlnj Seymour UK
DON8MUIB PBINTINO CO., AIT Dousmulr Street Seymour 1106
EVANS A HASTINOS. Arte and Orelts Bld|., Seymonr St Seymoar 6«60
KERSHAW, J. A., 589 Howe St Seymonr 8874
LATTA, R P.. 888 Oore Ara...T .Seymonr 1088
MAIN tRINTINO CO., 8851 Main Bt Falmoat 1888
5fcL*EAN* SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver.... ..N. Van. SB
HOORE PRINTINO CO., Oor. Oranvllle and Bobson Sta Seymour 4548
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 187 Pender Bt Seymonr 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancourer ...» Van. 80
PaCIPIO PRINTERS, World Bulldlnj Seymour JMJ
PEARCE A HODOSON, 618 Hamilton Btreet Seymour 8188
ROEDDE. O. A. til Homer Street .Seymonr 814
Scandinavia!! poblishino co., 8i7 Gamble Bt .Seymour i;;;
TERMINAL OITY PRESS, 208 Klngswey  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homor Street i8*'""1".}!?
THOMSON STATIONERY, 815 Hsstings W .Seymonr 1510
TIMMB, A. H., 180 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 611R
WESTERN PBEB8, 818 Cordora W     Seymonr 7511
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dnntmuir Bt Seymour 861t
WHITE * BINDON, 528 Pendor West Seymour 1214
I        Write ''Onion Labal" on Yonr Oopy whan Tm Band It ta tha Printer
WHITE STAR-DOMINION LINE
Portland, Me.—Halifax—Liverpool
Twin screw S.S.
Twin screw S.S.
CHRISTMAS SAILINGS
"Southland," 12,000 tons, from Portland, December Si
Halifax December 0.
"Canada," 10,000 tons, from Portland, December 16;
Halifax, December 17.
ONLY ONE OLASS CABIN AT $55.00 AND OP;
AND THIRD CLASS AT $33.75, CARRIED
At Portland, trains run alongside steamslip dock; baggage checked
through to steamer in bond; no trouble with customs. Passengere may
embark previous evening. ,
For further information, apply to Company's office, 619 Second Ave.,
Seattle, A. E. Disney, Agent; or local rail and steamship agents.
B.C.COMPENSATION
Corporations Are Attempting to Sfiift Burden
Upon Employees
Commissioners  Will  Have
Power to Put the Employers Right
[By Jaa. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor)
WORKMEN have always had a good
deal to complain of in connection
with the deductions by employers for
alleged medical attendance furnished as
a result of a contract between the em*
ployer and medical practitioners. In
fact the repreaentativas of, the work*
men, when before the committee investigating the subject of Workmen's Com*
pensation placed as much emphasis on
the necessity of a proper and equitable
arrangement for supplying medical aid
to workmen as they did on the question
of the monetary considerations involved.
Subject Fully Covered.
As a result, every conceivable situation was covered in the new act, and
while permitting, by the approval of the
Compensation board, some satisfactory
arrangements already in existence to
continue, it provides that they can be
continued only as long as they have the
approval of the board, which, by the
way, has not yet been appointed.
Premature to Say the Least.
The West Kootenay Power & Light
company, one of the group of C. P. B,
companies operating in various parts of
this province, has struck on the novel
idea of providing, at the expense of
the employees,* a medical aid arrangement for its workmen, doing it under
the new Compensation act. The circular
letter follows:
"Please take notice thut under the
Workmen's Compensation Act, 1916,
section 21, subsection 4, we have entered
into arrangements with Doctors Rose &
Hartin, of Nelson, to provide accident
and medical aid from date of November
1, 1916.
"In consideration of the benefit to
the employees under this arrangement,
we will deduct $1.00 a month from each
of our employees haviug worked seven
full days during any calendar month.
This provides for medical aid and hospital accommodation. Full particulars
may be had by muklng inquiry of the
superintendent.
*' At his option any married employee
on payment of an additional one dollar
($1.00) a month nnd in consideration
thereof, shall be entitled to medical attendance and free medicines for his wife
and children, with exceptions as provided in agreement.
"West Kootenay Power & Light Company, Limited."
Money Under False Pretences.
As this circular is issued under the alleged authority contained in subsection
4, of section 21 of the net, it is as well
that the section bo exnmined to see
whether the company is given any such
power.   The section rends:
"Any plnn for providing medical aid
i'n force between an employer and his
workmen or otherwise available to the
workmen at the time of the coming into
force of this purt, of which is hereafter
put into force, or mnde available to.the
workmen, and which in the opinion of
the board, after investigation of the
facts, is found on the whole to be not
less efficient in the interests both of
the employer and of the general body
of workmen thnn the provisions for
medicnl aid contnained in this section,
may by order of the board, subject to
Buch conditions as the board may re-
quire, be declared to be aa plan approved by the board. So long as tho
order of the bonrd approving the plan
is in force nnd unrevoked.the provisions
of subsections 1, 2 nnd 3 and of subsection 1 of section 30 shall not npply to
any of tho'workmen in any employment
embrnced in such plan, and during the
like period the provisions of section 12
of the 'Master and Servant Act' shall
not npply in respect of any such workmen."
Apparently the only way any company cnn bring such a scheme as this
within the law is to ask the Workmen's
Compensntion board for approval and
the bonrd, "after investigation of the
facts," meaning with the approval and
consent of the workmen Involved, mnke
an order approving of the nrrnngement.
But in this case the facts hnve not been
investigated by or for the board, for
the commissioners hnve not yet been appointed, so thnt the Bchemo has no
standing, neither ns it authorized under
the section and the workmon affected
nre not required to permit any deduction
from their wages whatever.
Act Not Tet in Force.
Even though the section referred to
gave the compnny the power to put the
scheme into force, under no circumstances could it be done until the net
itself becomes Inw and this does not
come nbout until January 1, 1917. Section 76 reads:
'The application of this act ns bo-
tween employers nnd workmen, nnd aB
to the payment of compensation in respect of injuries to workmen, shall tnke
effect on the 1st day of Janutur, 1917."
Subsection 2 provides that the act except as provided in the foregoing section, shall apply from October 1, 1916,
but it !b expressly provided in section
76 that the act as between employer
and workmen Ib not to apply before the
beginning of the year.
Irregular In Every Particular.
Quito disregarding the fact that
the price charged is out of nil proportion to the service to bo rendered, this
compnny purposes collecting funds under tho authority of nn act that is not
yet law, and under a Bection that givea
no such power ns has been assumed under nny conditions, or nt least until tho
bonrd, not yet appointed, has had nn
opportunity of investignting the facts,
consulted the workmen, compared the
schemo with the benefits provided under
the net and with other schemes operating to the satisfaction of the workmen
affected and thon givon its approval.
Until those -conditions hnve boen fulfilled the workmen of the WeBt Kootenay Power & Light company, and every
other company operating in the province, are justified in rofuBing to permit
nny deductions from their wages under
any alleged authority company officials
may assume to acquire from the Workmen's Compensation Act.
LETTERS TO
What Ahout It?
Editor B. C. Federationist: In the
Victoria Daily Colonist of Saturday,
Oct. 21, appears an article under the
heading, "Man-power Will Be Organized," in which Mr. R. F. Green, member of the National Service board, outlines at some length a scheme the board
proposes carrying out shortly. Briefly
thiB board proposes to tabulate information as to what labor is available for
industrial purposes; the labor that Ib
needed in Canadian industry. Also the
labor that oan be spared from the industrial field for military purposes. To
quote Mr. Oreen, "the board will get in
touch with the management of all industries of the country, and secure their
assistance in preparing a list of callings
and labor necessary to keep at home."
Further on in the article he speaks of
getting In touch with the various woman's organizations, with a view to obtaining their, assistance in substituting
female labor wherever possible, and
thus relieving male labor for other purposes.
Nowhere, however, in the article do
we find any mention of consulting the
organized labor movement, or getting In
touch with the workers in any way.
They are entirely ignored except for
their labor power, and itB disposition.
A short while before the publication
of this article, the Trades and Labor
CongresB of Canada, at itB convention,
went on record aa being opposed to registration. However, judging from the
above article, and sundry others of the
same nature that have appeared from
time to time in the press, the Dominion
government intends carrying out some
scheme along these UneB, In spite of organized labor's protest.
Nearly a month hus elapsed since the
article was written and meanwhile Mr.
Green and his colleagues are perfecting
their plans to enforce them at some future date, with the Dominion government to back them up.
What steps have been taken /by organized labor in Canada towards investigating into, or having a^ say in these
matters, Bince the passing of that resolu
tion at the laBt convention?
Is the movement going to remain
quiet and let a fully-matured registration scheme be enforced before it at*
tempts to organize for assistance f
We, the members of the Laborers'
Protective union, believe that in sending this communication to The Federationist, and also the article referred to,
that theBe matters affecting Labor
should be no longer shunned, but openly
dealt with, so that we of the Labor
movement in British Columbia can have
discussion, and know, in a measure, how
we stand.
Hoping you will give this matter publicity  in  The Federationist,  and also
that it will be taken up by the B. C. F.
of L. in the near future, we remain,
D. VARNEY,
C. DEAR,
Executive L. P. Union.
Victoria, Nov. 20, 1916.
Proportional Representation.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Increasing numbers of people agree that proportional representntion should be
adopted in Dominion and provincial
elections, bat as these elections only
come every four or five years, the difficulty is to keep up the public's interest
during the interval. Ab municipal elections come around annually, I bolieve
it would be well if your paper kept up
a continuous and strong educational
campaign to bring the change about in
municipal elections; this would pnve the
way for adoption of the system in provincial ahd Dominion elections. Mnny
people do not understand thc idea at
all, and I believe thnt if you would
print articles from time to time, Betting
out in the plainest language possible,
the application of this principle to municipal elections, that it would greatly assist in its ultimate general adoption. I
mnke tbis suggestion to you, as I believe that this is a Bubject that particularly appealB to your renders and would
work out to their benefit probably more
than the "political" and other cliques
und fnctions in our communities.
INTERESTED.
Victoria, B. C, Nov. 18, 1916.
From Parm's
Potato Patch
Ell Perkins on Bedbugs.
One day they
were talking in
Uncle Hank's grocery about largo
and tough bedbugs.
"I boiled a bedbug nine hours,
and it swam round
on the top all the
time,'' said Mr.
~ Perkins.   "I put a
bedbjg in u kerosene lamp," said Judge
Jones, "kept it there four years, and it
hatched out twenty-seven litters of bedbugs right in the kerosene."
swam around on the top all tho time,"
said Mr. Perkins. "I put a bedbug in
a kerosene lamp," said Judge Jones,
"kept it there four years, and it hutched oat twenty-seven litters of bedbugs
right in tho kerosene."
Old Hank Allen, who had beon listening attentively, here put in, nftor taking his quid out of his mouth, and gavo
his experience in corroboration of the
facts.' He said: "Some years ago I took
a bedbug to Wood's iron foundry, and
dropped it into a ladle where the melted
iron was, and bad it run into n skillet.
Well, my old woman used that skillet for
six yearB, and here the other day she
broke it nil to smash; nnd what do yoa
think, gentlemen? That 'ere Insect just
walked out of his hole where he'd been
layin' liko a frog in n rock, and made
tracks for his old roost upstairs. But,"
he added, by way of parenthesis, "by
ginger, gentlemen, he looked mighty
pale!"
Republic of Ecuador Has An
Eight-hour Day for All
Its Workers
In Canada and U. S. Workers Battle on Economic
Field Only
ALTHOUGH NO one ever heard of
any live Labor movement in the Be*
public of Ecuador, South America, it appears, from the following, that there is
some force at work there that at least
possesses as intelligent a conception of
the Labor problem and how to cope with
it,' as has yet been manifested on this
western continent. Of course one is
bound to admit that an eight-hour day
obtained by and through legal enactment, may not possess tbe same virtue
ub though obtained through an "economic organization." The .workers will
more than likely not appreciate it as
they would have done had they got it by
means of the strike. Then again, if
they have it by law and the law happens to be in the hands of those who
are disposed to enforce it, they would
not have the glorious privilege of striking again every few weeks, because the
bosses paid no attention to the law.
With thiB lack of both the opportunity
and necessity of striking, the workers
might, in time, become too flabby to
fight and the bosses might then take it
back, and where would the workers bef
Then we would be compelled to again
conquer the glorious right to strike. Let
us here in Canada and the United States
stick to the sure thing we already have,
and that never gets ifs anywhere permanently, rather than fly to rccklesB ex*
periments of such backward and uncivilized countries as Ecuador, where so far
as we know, they never had either a
strike or any other kind of war. We
don't want the state to do for us politically what we have ably and amply demonstrated we are capable of not doing
so much better for ourselves, through
our economic organizations.
But, to lay all jokes aside, the following reads a whole' lot better than any
eight-hour stuff thut wo have ever yet
known to eminate from Labor circles in
at least some of the highest of civilized
states, that might be mentioned:
A recent United States commerce report received, treats of Ecuador's new
eight-hoar law, the text of which appeared in the Registro Official of Sept.
12.   It provides:
Art. 1—Every laborer, workman,
clerk in store, office, or industrial establishment, and, in general, every employee of any kind shall not be forced
to work more than eight hours doily,
six days a week, and is exempt from
work on Sundays and legal holidays.
Art. 2—No employer can evade the
accomplishment of that decreed in Art.
1 by any contract or stipulation with
the employee or laborer.
Art. 3—-If the laborer, workman,
clerk, etc., be requested to work longer
than eight hours, us stated in Art. 1,
he shall be paid 25 per cent, overtime
for tbe extra work done during the day,
50 per cent, overtime from 6 in the
evening to midnight, and 100 per cent,
after that hour. This percentage Bhall
be computed on the wage corresponding
to an hour's work during the day, and
shall be-paid on that basis for each additional hour.
Art. 4—The laborer who, because of
his employment, has to work in shifts
shall not be entitled to the percentage
of overtime according to the hours of
work as stated in Art. 3, but he shall
be entitled to claim payment for working more than eight hours according to
the percentage of overtime us fits the
case.
Art. 5—The employer and the employee or day laborer shall give each
other 30 days' notice before making
any change. The party neglecting to do
this may be sued and is sabjected to the
payment of loss and damages.
Art. 6—Police judges and constnbles
of the republic are authorized to judge
all such actions, which shall be done
without delay and summarily; nothing
cIbc being required for bringing nction
thnn the registering of the complaint.
The moon was ensting flickering shadows over a pair of lovers us they sat
side by side in Buttery Purk. He glanced out ncross the water nnd saw tho
Statue of Liberty in the shadowy gloom.
"I wonder why they have its light so
small?" ho broke in on the blissful silence.
"Perhaps," answered she, in n soulful tone, as she coquettishly*'tried to slip
from hiB nrm, "the smaller tho light the
greater liberty."—Harper's Magazine.
"The wHiskcy business ought to show
a marked improvement tho coming year.
Three moro states in tho south have
voted "dry." Every time n stato goes
dry, beer and light wines go out and
whiskey goes in. It's fine business for
the distilleries."—Milwaukee Leader.
PUT IN WITH CIVIC FIREMEN
Two-Platoon System Endorsed By Progressive Liberal Association.
A resolution favoring tho movement
of the men of the Vancouver fire department to have a plebiscite on the
"two-platoon" system wns passed on
Monday night at a meeting of the Provincial Progressive Liberal association.
It was proposed by A. C. Brydone-Jack,
seconded by Andrew Blyth, und unanimously adopted:
"Thut the Progressive club endorses
tho movement of the firemen of Vancouver to huvo the mayor ond council of
the city of Vancouver submit a plebiscite for tho decision of the electorate
of the city of Vancouvor nt tho forthcoming civic elections to be held in the
month of January, 1017, as to what is
known as tho double platoon system to
be put in oporution by the firo department of the city of Vancouver.
"And that the socretary be instructed
to forward a copy of this resolution to
the city council, nnd also a copy to the
Firemen's association."
Tho International Typographical
union, during the pust year, paid mortuary benefits to tho amount of $274,-
822.31; old-ngo pensions to members to
the amount of $1152,920; it oxpended for
the maintenance of its members in tho
Union Printers' Home thc sum of $120,-
149.07.
An Improved
OROWN-GBANTED
Alberta Homestead
(160 aeres)
Neat Edmonton
FOB ONLY $2,000
((easy terms)
For full particulars writo Drawer
E, C|o B. O. Federatlonist, Labor
Tomplo, Vancouver.
DAVID ■PBNOEB, LTD.
I
DAVID IFBHOUi LID.
Make a Pretty Garden Now
Plant These Wonderful Bulbs
for Spring Blooming
DAFFODILS-HYACINTHS—TULIPS
AU New Stock Direct from Holland
DAFFODILS; best trumpet vario* TULIPS, single, early flowering*—
tt««— Doaen ,...„.. Me to Ue
Dosen 30c and SSe 100 for 11.00 to MUM
100 tor,,. 11.76 and IU0 T                         J£*
NABCI8SUS   for  bedding  pur- Doaen' .......... .'25c to SSe
E?'"-^ Parrot, mixed, doien J0C
P»™tt "•• Mc and 15c Darwin, Mar flowering; price,
100 for 11.00 and f 1.SS per dozen ...... 30c to Mc
HYACINTHS; early flowering- 8NOWDBOP8, siagle-
Doien 30c Dotth  SOe
Bedding; separate colors; per •*■"• 'or .— L 11.00
<■■<•«■•« 50c CBOCUS, four colors-
Selected top roots for house eul*           Doaen - 18e
ture; each 15c IM -for „ 11.00
D<>»n for 11.00 —Cordova St., Vain Floor
David Spencer Limited
DAVID IPENOEB, LTD.
david mnroTa, lid.
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
Offlce: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue Eaat  TeL Fairmont HOT
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it. Or watch
for our drivers.
Teeth Investments Return Positive Health Dividends
FOE when a littlo time and • little less moier Is Invested lo a Bet ol Teeth, •
Crown or Bridie Work, or evert • Flllins, the Investment Is bonnd to produce
good, steady dividends ln the ships ot belter health. Improved appesranee lid
a certain satisfaction that has been called mouth-comfort. Dentistry, as practiced
by myself, has been brought to ench a high pitch of perfection as to Insure you a
high degree of satisfaction, the highest possible. Attention to yoar teeth does aot
entail the loss of time from your profession, your business, your social pursuits
that It used to do. For good dentistry can he quickly performed. Moreover, I am
able to assure you that ln my practice the bogy of pain haB been banished. Ton
will not, you cannot, criticise the regular schedule of prices for my dentistry. And
remember—-
LEAVE TODE WARS BEHIND; I WILL HOT HOIT TOO
TELEPHONE SETUODK 3931
EXPERT EXAMINATIONS TREE HAKE AH APPOINTMENT
OfflCM
open
Tuesday and
Friday
Etonian
Sayan to
Eight
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
Ota HASTINGS STREET
Cor.Soyamsr
Saturday!
to One p.m.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
LIMITED
(MCNEILL, WELCH ft WILSON, LIMITED)
Cartage Agents—Furniture, Piano and Safe
Removers.
\
Baggage, Express and Motor Truck Service
80 Pender East Phones, Day and Night, Sey. 604-605
Have You an Electrical
Breakfast Table?
If not, why not?
You place the Electric Toaster on one side
and the toast is prepared in front of your
eyes.
Or your grill stove, equally handy, cooks
the eggs above and toasts underneath.
And on the other side, the electric coffee percolator or tea pot rapidly prepares the morning beverage.
Could anything be handier?
Besides, look at tbe pleasure you have cooking independently of a hot stove at any time of the day, in
the afternoon when company calls or in the evening,
after theatre.
O$€££ec0rtc
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
Phone Seymour
5000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
I;
PBIDAY. November 84, IM
J. N. HARVEY'S SIXTH ANNIVERSARY
ns Today CLOTHING SALE Opens Today
In the face of the sharp advance ln prices of both Woollens and Cottons, it takes some courage to run a sale
just now. But we have always celebrated our anniversary in this way, and we ate going to again this year
by giving you
CLOTHING, HATS AND FURNISHINGS
At Less Than Before the War Prices
EXTRA SPECIAL-37 MEN'S SUITS AT HALF
REGULAR PRICE
Wo have picked out 37 Men's Suits, only ono of eaeh lino, which sold regularly at from $15 to $30, and
will sell thom while thoy last ot juBt half tho regular prices. Sizes 35 to 39 only. This means *15 for $7.60,
$20.00 suits for $10.00, and $30.00 suits for $15.00.
250 OF OUB KEGULAB MEN'S SUIT STOCK WILL BE PLACED ON SALE AS FOLLOWS:
Our reg. $18.00
and $20 suits iu
all sizes will he
placed on snle
at	
v».    .»b.   *.....    a-    ■
,_m  JO      and $27.50 suits /h ] Q "> ^M Sttit8 (t>*f)*f)
\ltl     will be placed \|Q "ill  - P-"* \_\_\
t                 on sale nt  r on sale at  T
Our reg. $22.50
to $25.00 suits
will be placed
on sale at...
OVERCOATS
EXTBA SPECIAL—Sixtocn coatB mado from showerproofed cloths, sizo 34 to 44.   Regular
$16.50 ond $18.00, for	
89.5
Bcgalar $10.50 nnd $18.00 coats, for .914.76
Regular $20 and $22.50 coats, for 118.76
Men's $25.00 and $27.50 coats, for $22.76
Mon's $40.00 overcoat for $34.76
SEE OUB WINDOWS FOB SHIRT AND UNDEBWEAB FBIOES
MEN'S WATEBFBOOFS
Men's reg. $10 coats for $ 8.60
Men's rog. $15 Conts for $12*76
Men's reg. $20 Coats for. $16.75
Men's reg. $22.50 Coats for $18.75
TWO STORES IN B. C.
J. N. HARVEY, Limited
125-127 HASTINOS STREET WEST, VANCOUVEB      614-A16 TATES STBEET, VICTORIA, B. O.
FREE HOMESTEADS
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. O. E. Bailway open parke like lands. Tho finest mixed
farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who bave gone
in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON
LAND CRUISER
PACIFIC OREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
Wilton Block, Vaneoaver
PURE FOOD
There is nothing in the nature of compound in the
Famous "Squirrel" Brand
Peanut Butter
which is an absolutely pure food, both nourishing and delicious.
Made up to a standard and sold at the standard price of 26c per
1-lb., in bulk and in 1-lb. tins.
IT'S MADE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
Vff recommend that readers of The Federationist try a pound
tin.
Seymonr 1116 1285 FENDER STREET WEST
Have You Signed the
0 Firemen's Petition Ask-   O
1 ing for a Plebiscite on the    ,
Two-Platoon System
GET BUSY!        SIGN IT TODAY!!
Petitions mny bc found at ony Fre Hall, where the firemen
will be glad to answer all enquiries concerning the Two-
Platoon system.
Here Are a Few Facts For the Workingmen of Vancouver to Consider
The present flro department rule culls for firemen working
21 hours out of 24 for six dnys of ench week.
Do you work such hours?
Did you know the firemen worked such hours?
Is lt right, fair or just to impose such hours on the firemen?
The Two-Plntoon system provides for a slightly increased
force, which.... will fully man all the uppuratus, the men
working day shifts of 10 hours and night shifts of 14 hours,
the entire force being subject to telephone call In case of
emergency.
Does not such an arrangement provide for a more efficient department as well as treat the firemen with common humanity?
The increased cost of tho Two-Platoon system (above what
will be demanded in any caso next year), is only 25 cents
on the assessed valuation of $1000.
SIGN THIS PETITION TODAY
Workers, Fooled By Smooth
Talk Cling to Political
Chains
'Where Ignorance Is Bliss"
There Is No Chance
for Wisdom
[By John L. Martin]
BERKELEY, Cal., Nov. 30—(Specially written for The Federationist)—The
United States election of 101(1 has now
passed into history, und while it is lute
to impart news, yet it is not too late to
render one's impression regarding it,
Being a stranger ia Uncle Sam's domain, and boing present for the first
time when a presidential election wob in
progress, the writer might be excused if
in writing the opinion of an "onlooker"
he imparts a false impression. In order
to avoid that, the writer justifies himself iu deferring judgment until tbis
time, A few things, however, that took
place are worthy of mention.
For a considerable time previous to
tho election, the people were trcuted to
the sumo brand of politicul metaphysics
as one might roceive free of cost in
other countries. Both of the old parties promised much that were likely to
catch votes. The republicans promised
prosperity, the democrats did the same.
Both pruted about their parties standing
for peace. Both painted word pictures
of freedom, justice and prosperity, and
of anything else that would meet favor
in the eyes of tho simple-minded people,
In the United Stutes aB in other countries where politics reaches a high state
of perfection, the votes of the working-
men are regarded with much affection.
The obeisance bestowed by American
politicians on the workers' votes is like
one huge salaam. Their veneration for
the rights of those who indeed have no
rights, is well nigh unsurpassable They
would say or do anything thut would
reveal their devotion to the cuubo of the
down-trodden poor. Thut iB before the
election. Ab dope peddlers, they are
without equal. Why it becomes necessary-to close saloons on election day,
after the politicians have beon doping
tho people for months previous iB something thc writer fails to understand.
But such is the case. The political dope
handed out to the American worker
should make the Cnnndiuu politician
feel like u schoolboy at politics. Even
workers supposed to huve been educated
ua to the clnss these politicians represent, fell under the influence of their
dope. And even socialists, or to be correct, "alleged socialists," fell by the
wayside. Doped into thinking that
"President Wilson kept up out of war"
und that "he will give tho 8-hour day
to the railroad workers," a large number of socialists, while voting with tho
party on the rest of the ticket, voted for
Wilson. In California for example, the
rest of the socialist ticket went thousands aheud of Benson, California is
accredited with electing Wilson. If tho
socialists (f) had decided to mind their
own business and voted for their own
candidate, he would not huve curried
the atute. President Wilson hus Culifor-
nin to thank for his re-election, und he
has tho socialists to thank for that.
When it is finally discovered thut it waa
the insatiable demnnd of the Allies for
wnr muteriul that kept this country out
of war and not Wilson, and when it is
discovered two or three mouths hence,
that tho much vaunted 8-hour day bill
wus prepared more for political benefit
thun for tho benefit of the workers;
then some socialists down here will have
to admit thnt Wilson handed them some
"dope." Somo of them are in favor of
prohibition." If thoy would be as
easily affected with alcoholic dope as
they hnve been with political dope, then
anyone will agree with their logic. Now
that tho election is over, such people
will bo passing resolutions against the
high cost of living, and asking President Wilson to pass thiB und that piece
of legislation. What he will do now
that the election is over, remains to bo
seen. Ono thing is certain, that "pray"
ns such people will, the cnpitnlist cIusb
thnt President Wilson represents will
continue to "proy" as they have dono
before.
As to going dry? Winnipeg was certainly in tho dry list this weok. The
ordinary flght mixtures nre debarred by
law, the fountains wero frozen and the
strike made milk unobtainable.   Winni-
An
nounctng
the Arrival of
Imported
Coats
In Broadcloths
and Wool Velour
CUSHION says: Deep
collars and very full
lines. The sailor and monk
like collars arc to be worn
crushed up in folds about
the neck scarf fashion, or
can hang long and like a
scant cape at thc coat*
back.
The new models just received accentuate the latest coat fashions, many of
them displaying wide
trimmings of scalette, opossum, coon, fox or wolf.
The models are made in
very full flare lines, some
of them belted and others
plain. Colors include purple, green, navy, brown or
black. Sizes 16 to 46, at
$39.60 to $75.00.
IW||
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
linns
Union Men Will Not Oppose
the Introduction of
Female Labor
Insist Only That Employers
Pay Equal Wages for
Equal Work
MUST ORGANIZE FOR ACTION
The only practicable thing for wage-
workers is to build up an organization.
To accomplish this, we must become
familiar with our constitution and laws
and the constitution and laws of the
American Federation of Labor, also read
tho Labor and socialist papers in order
that we may understand ourselves and
be able to tell our fellow-worker the
necessity of organization of all working-
men into unions and the benefits which
have been obtained through united efforts in the past and the greater need
of a liberal, sound and efficient organization of workers at present and in the
future to meet and successfully solve
the great and important questions aheud
of us, suys the Jewelry Workers' Journal.
There are many grave questions confronting Labor today, and without organization labor cannot accomplish anything new nor protect what it has already gained through our unions; and at
the close of the European war—this
great und bloody conflict which hus upset more old traditions and customs in
tho past three yeara than anything
which has ever hupponod—there must
bc a tremendous readjustment and thou
as never before will it count for Labor's
welfare if we have a sound, efficient organization of our force's.
Wnge-workors, let ua be up and doingl
Spread the doctrine of Orgunized Lnbor
—agitate—" grit your teeth and organize."
With immigration decreased to a large
etxont,. unskilled lnbor, underpaid and
overworked for generations, has now a
bettor opportunity to improve its condition thnn it had for the last fifty years.
If it fails to take advantage of conditions, by demanding higher wages and
shorter hours, the blame will rest whero
it belongs. Whatever is gained now cnn
be maintained only when the wave of
adversity sets in, by orgnnizntion on
trades union lines. Wnko up and organize!
Alberta's Goal Production.
It is not vory long sinco British Columbin produced more conl than Alberta,
hut now Alborta lends. Tho production
of conl in British Columbia in 1013 was
2,714,440 tons. Alberta's total production in 1018 amounted to 4,144,377 tons,
valued at the mine nt $9,462,830. This
production has increased somewhat
sinco 1913, but thc 1913 figure is approximately the same us for this year.
Fishermen Wrecked Up North.
Tho twenty-two members of tho Deep
Sen Fishermen's union, Vancouver, who
were wrecked on tho Roman last Saturday in Clarence Straits, 05 miles from
Ketchikan, Alaska, along with a crew of
twelve, reached town yesterday, from
Seattle, whore thoy were taken by the
Admiral Evans from the scene oif the
week. They lost nil their personal belongings nnd, of course, at least temporarily, the opportunity of earning a
winter grubstake. Their union is caring for them whilo in port.
A small boy astride a donkey was
taking somo supplies to an army enmp
in Texas not long ago, and got there
just ub a detachment of soldierB, preceded by a bund, wus marching past.
The lud dismounted, and held the
bridle of the donkey tightly in his hand.
'' Why are you holding on to your brother so hard?" asked a group of soldiers who wero standing near and wanted to tease the country boy.
"I'm afraid ho might onlist," said
tho lad without batting an eyelash.—
Exchange.
REGARDING THE talk about fomulo
conductors on tho street cars: This
muy or may not come ubout at some
futuro date. We should worry. All we
require ia thnt thoy become members of
oar association und receive the suine
wuges und consideration us the men, und
beliovo us there certainly will bo a live
organization when the dour ladies take
a hand in the game, No doubt many
women could be found who would accept, for thc time being, such a thankless job us u cur conductor, but not
many would stuy with it. There aro too
many other positions, with moro congenial, work and surroundings open to
them, und, us the wur continues, the women will be iu u much bettor position to
choose their culling. And who ever
heard of a person in such a position accepting a job us cur conductor! There
are hundreds of ways of looking at this
proposition. For instance, we know
whut it costs the company to break a
man in, and it would be interesting to
know what the training of women would
meun. Of course we know all about
J what they are doing in the Old Country. But this is Cauudu, and wo prefer
to await results, rather than speculate
as to the success of the venture. Try
to imagine a straight-laced dainty young
thing, "Y-ing" one of the old-type of
■ears.   Oh, you dignity!
Helping New York Strikers.
Tbo trude unionists of New York city
have been deeply interested in the success of the cur strikers, Some time ago
the Central Federated union thore recommended that every local union as-
sosb its members $1 a week for the benefit of the Amalgamated strikers. Many
of the local unions havo responded und
ure continuing the assessment. It takes
uonsideruble money to finance 11,000
strikers, but through the donations of
onr members and the ussistance of other
trude unions, sufficient funds ure being
raised to take cure of our brothers who
have beeu on strike in Now York city
more than two mouths. The New York
light cun be won if the strikers uro
given the proper finunciul support. We
who ure working continuously und who
arc enjoying the benefits of Amalgamated success, can woll afford to contribute
to the support of those who have buen
forced to sucrifico in uu effort to establish their rights. Every dollar contributed by Amulgamated members to the
Now York strikers is a dollar spent iu
a worthy cause, und if we continue the
supply of dollars wo will yet bave tho
satisfaction of realizing the establishment of the Amalgamated Association
in the Grouter City. Shouts, Hedley and
Wall street cannot suppress the spirit
for freedom that is dominating our
membership in this fight.
Ah a reminder to the unions affiliated
with the central body of New York city,
tbo Call published the following editorial lust week: "Romembor that the big
traction strike is still on. It is on now
as much us it was a month ago. Evory
line in .Manhattan und the Bronx iB
struck. The meu on strike need tho
help of every member of organized
lubor now moro than over. They need
your help now more than ever becauso
they huve been out longer. They have
boon under fire longer. They havo been
without income longer. Every week the
Central Federated unions sends out its
appeal to you for a $1 assessment.
Every week thero is pointed out to you
the absolute necessity of helping tho
striking cur men. Many of you hnvo
done your duty nobly. Some, of you
huve uot yet responded to tho uppeul.
Every union man who it at work ought
to bo glad und anxious to help tho cur
men in this way. No union man knows
when his own union may be appealing
for the samo kind of holp. Levy your
dollar assessment if you havo nut dono
so already. The car men have given
New York an inspiring example of solidarity. A few out of 11,000 havo deserted. Not enough to count. These men
ure fighters. Their fight is a just ono if
ever u flght wus just. You huve given
them your moral support gulluntly. Give
them tho solid support of your dollurs
with equal galluntry. Thoy deserve it
and thoy need it."
Arranging for a Social Gathering.
The Vancouver streot railwaymen nre
to huve a social iu the near future, but
whether it will bo simply a get-together,
or an affair to which outsiders will be
invited, is not yet sottlod upon. Wi
understand thut the mattor is in the
hands of our executive board (some so-
ciul lions ull right) to bring in a report.
The affair no duubt will be carefully
considered and tho result submitted to
the regulur meeting for its approval.
Whatever is decided upon, no doubt all
hands will unito to muke the affair a
success.
Medical Association Doctor.
Somo of our members will bo pleased
to know thut the board or management
of the Medical Attendance association
have approved of the appointment of
Dr. Murruy, whose address is Belvo-
dore block, Alain and Eleventh streets,
us one of the association doctors.
Headquarters Gossip.
Bro. Tom Flynn iB contemplating a
trip to his old home in Australia,
Expert advice concerning dogs can be
had from Fred. Knowles, ono of tho
locnl letter curriers. Frod. suro knows
a bargain in dogs. He bought an animal
with part of a tail and minus a fine
pedigrco for $1.
The burnmen aro kicking about Joe
Armstrong wearing out so many gong
pins, J, E, G.
peg has the reputntion of being cold but
dry,—Winnipeg Voice.
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
November 20,1801
On motion of J. A. Fulton, the parliamentary committee was authorized to
secure a copy of the act covering the
case under which Walking Delegate
Geo. Irvine was recently indicted—or
rather, tho one Lawyer Russell referred
to—before this council takes steps to
have it amended, so that the trados
unions will have more liberty of action.
H. Cowan moved that tho parliamentary committee obtain a written Btate-
ment of Mr. Irvine's case.
J. Andrews and J. t.. Franklin appointed to assist tho longshoremen in
their trouble with tho ship Titunia.
President Bnrtley wanted the council
to convene onrlier.
SAFELY LANDED
Federal Labor Bureaux Advocate Fulls
Down Supervisorship.
Tho Imperial Munitions board has
croated tho post of supervisor of women
labor und nppointed Miss Wiseman, an
Englishwoman to fill tho position. MisB
Wiseman has had wide experience in
war work in England.
"I huve seon," she states, "what
war means and what a nation organized
for war is like. At present these things
nre insufficiently realized in this coun.
try, and wo aro here to see, so far as we
can, that tho fomnlo labor, which is boing introduced into the munition factories, shall be introduced under conditions appropriate to female lnbor. Manufacturers in Toronto, and in tho province as a whole, have shown the utmost
readiness to avail themselves of our assistance, nnd the utmost willingness to
comply with any suggestion made for
ensuring the comfort of their women
workers."—Woman's Century.
LONGSHOREMEN ACCEPT
Wharf Workers Made Compromise Settlement of New Wage Schedule.
The International Longhsoremen's association has agreed, practically 'unanimously, to accept an offer of 37% cents
an hour from representatives of the companies touching St. John, N. B. The
men naked for 40 cents, which was five
cents more than thoir formor rate. The
now scalo will become effective at once,
and continue in force until December,
1919. Coal passers have been granted
50 conts an hour, which is an increase
of 15 cents over their former scalo.
They asked for 05 eents. They have accepted the 50-cent scalo.
An Emphatic Protest.
A recommendation of the executive
board, endorsing the principlo involved
tn the roport of the Machinists' union,
namoly that orgunized lubor should oppose Industrial Registration nnd endeavor by all means in its power to
nullify the effectB of tho Nationul Service commission, was adopted by Montreal Trades and Labor council at its
last meoting, only seven delegates dissenting. Tho couneil also reiterated its
emphatic opposition to all forms of conscription and registration for military
service.—Labor World.
Provincial Government Resigns.
Yesterday nfternoon, Promier W. J.
Bowser tendered tho resignation of his
government to Lieutenant - Govornor
Barnard, His honor received the same,
and called upon Mr. Brewster to form a
cabinet. It is believed the now cabinet
ministers will be sworn in on Tuesday.
Lw. T. English, an old-time member
of Vancouver Typo, union, is in thotity
this woek, from Calgary.
Have you ever tried a meal nt the
Delmonico Cafe, just off Granville on
Robson street. Its so different. All-
union, too! Somo chef. And spenking
of "service"—thut's the word. Drop
in tonight for dinner, or any old time.
Always open. ••«
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1040 GEORGIA 6TREIT
One Block west of Court Housa.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors  free to all
Patrons
Telephone Sermour 2425
J. N. Harvey & Co., Ltd., 127 Hastings street west, uro rearranging the
storo, and with tho added floor spneo it
makes this one of the most convenient
men's wear stores in tho city in which
to shop. Entire new windows, backs
and floors have boon installed and British Columbia woods have been used
throughout. Tho window floors aro especially attraetivo, being made from
veneered B. C. cottonwood and are qiiite
as presentable nnd serviceable as imported oak and really less expensive.t#*
Miners and
Prospectors
who bave copper properties north
while, cnn bo placed in touch with
actual buyere if tbey will lend
full particulara to DRAWER t,
C|o B. O. FEDERATIONIST,
Lnbor Tomplo, Vanoouver, B. C.
Nabob
Pure Food
Products
—Are all manufactured here
in British Columbia under
the most perfect ,sanitary
conditions—in surroundings,
clean and bright, and with
abundance of fresh air and
sunshine.
The  standard of Nabob
products has been set high—
the manufacturers are determined to maintain this stan-.
dard at all costs.
High quality makes Nabob
products popular in thousands   of  British   Columbia
Just a mention of a few of
this healthy, flourishing family: Nabob Coffee, Nabob
Tea, Nabob Baking Powder,
Nabob Extracts, Nabob
Spices, Nabob Jelly Powder,
etc., etc.
There's a hint hereof preparations for Christmas.
Specify Nabob to your grocer in your next order.
VANCOUVER
PICKLE CO.
ASK FOB
B.C. HOME BRAND
PICKLES,
KETCHUP, SAUCE
Phone High. 21
Factory 801 Powell
LECKg
3H2B
Rain or Shine
There's a LECKIE BOOT for
all weather conditions.
Prepare for inclement weather
with a pair of LECKIE'S staunch,
sturdy, all-leather shoes.
Not clumsy-looking, mind you—
just as stylish as you please—but
there's comfort—there's wear—
hidden away under the graceful
lines.
Try and see your shoe dealer
right away.  Ask him.
Ijly
ikii * IvBCKlB
WM. RENNIE & CO.
NEW STORE
872 Granville Street
Wm. Bennie Co. of Toronto have opened a new store at 872
Oranvllle Street with a full line of seeds, bulbs, poultry supplies and garden tools.
"Tht Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and, incidentally, fur-
nlahei a living to aome forty odd brewery workera,
MANUFACTURED BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On- Bale at all Liquor Stores la
VANCOUVER AND VICTORIA

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