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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 22, 1916

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EIGHTH YEAfjgf No. 38
Hard Times Yarn Worked
to Good Purpose By
City Council   '
Burnaby Council Stricken
With Dangerous Fit
of Generosity
IT WILL BE remembered that the
Civic Eraployoes' union of thie city
recently made a demand for an increase
of wages, which would bring the wages
back to that whieh waB paid prior to
the breaking out of the war. The majority of tho men have been receiving
but $2.25 per day, as against $3.00 before the war. At the time the demand
was made the eity council, after much
quibbling, laid consideration of the
mntter over until the expiry of the tax
rebate period, which wus Sept. 15.
On Hand in Force.
A large deputation from the union
was on hand at the meeting of the
board of works on TueBdajr last, for
the purpose of gently reminding the
somewhat forgetful city authorities that
the tax rebate period had expired. Victor Midgley, representing the union,
pressed upon the board the necessity of
granting the demands of the men, and
cited a number of instances showing
that their demands wero only in accord
with the general upward tendency of
wages at the- present time. The gradually increasing business activity, coup
led with the shortage of labor owing to
the heavy draft of men from the labor
market for war purposes, has had its
effect upon wages, a fact that the workers are not slow to discover. It seems
under such circumstances that the demands of tho men were, if anything,
unduly modest. To ask that their wages
be brought back to tho rate prevailing
before the war, *3.000 per day of 8
hours, was surely asking but little.
The Poverty Yarn.
According to the chairman of the
finance committee, it was absolutely impossible for this great city to pay the
increased wageB asked for. The eity
had no money, and at least six or seven
thousand dollars would be required to
meet such increoses from Sept. 1 to the
end of the year. Wo one seemed to have
the sagacity to suggest that the civic
authorities have a tag day for the purpose of raising the necessary -funds,
just as all other organisations do that
are financially on tho bum. It is a sad
reflection upon the perBpicacity of these
city fathers that they should not havo
seen this eaay road out of the dilemma,
they who bo rendily grant tag dnys to
other equally deserving purposes. Bnt
nt any rato oat of the womb of cjvic
poverty at laBt emerged a twenty*fivo
cent piece to be added to the already
princely stipend of $2.25 per day, being
enjoyed by the men. This magnificent
increase is to take effect from Sept. 1.
Thus does the metropolis of British Columbia accentuate the oft reiterated
boast of being a rich and prosperous
city. Just how the city employees are
going to feel about tins two-bit matter
has not yet developed.
Burnaby Takes a Fit.
The municipality of Burnaby, luckily
finding itself in possession of $25,000
available for road purposes, has been
suddenly stricken with a fit of generosity like unto that of a man who, having partaken of the cup that cheers,
wishes to treat everybody else, so that
they also may experience the joy that
titillates his soul. Ab a result of this fit
of generoBity upon the part of the municipal council, the wages of road foremen will now be 77% cents per hour,
and that of workmen, 35 cents, based
on an 8-hour working day.
Now la the Time to Make Hay.
The labor market has been pretty well
depleted of all surplus stock that chit-
■ tered up its shelves prior to the war.
It is being still more completely drained
each day as this war continues. The
time is opportune for those workers
still remaining in the field of industry
to follow in the footsteps of their capitalist masters and take advantage of
the present opportunity to get all they
can for that which thoy have to sell-—
their labor power. Let mem be in no
wny bashful in demanding. Let them
tako all they can got. Never in all the
history of industrial piracy and plunder,
were the maBter pirates drawing down
such a plethora of plunder as now. And
this applies to the pirates of all lands
alike. And when the loud-mouthed
capitalist pirateB' themselves take advantage of the opportunities afforded
by thiB wholesale European butchery,
to feather their financial nests, who
amongst them is licensed to cast reflections upon the patriotism of a wage
plug who takes similar advantage1 of the
opportunity to realize a few more centB
out of the sale of his very life force.
If the rulera of the earth see fit in their
wisdom to continue this holocaust of
slaughter, they will eventually so fix tho
labor market as to cause themselves to
Bweat great drops of blood (figuratively, of course, for it in well-known that
they neither sweat nor bleed in any
othor way), because or the woges they
will be forced by circumstances to pay.
Now is the accoptod time to demand
incronsod wages and get them. Let all
workers make a note of that fact and
act accordingly.
Causes Vancouver Unionists to Hark
Back to Burial of Frank Rogers.
The funeral of the martyred longshoremen on laBt Tuesday was an eye-
opener to the citizens of Seattle. Threo
thousand men in line, with fifty automobiles, stopping traffic for more than an
nour, in a procession in memory of two j
common workingmen," has caused
more comment than any other feature'
of the strike.   In this connection it is
&2SS? $_V_t that the only *«i yet
murdered in the industrial warfare on
ZoZtZtT are ."*«-*•«.
Terrific Impulse Given to Capitalist Production' by the
War—Labor of Women Incorporated Into Industry
Beyond Recall—Sex War Threatened as Aftermath of War—Sweeping Social Changes Portended—Canada Drawn Into Current
w^ff> RBAT BRITAIN was at one time known as the workshop of
Vj the world, but as capitalist methods of production developed
in other countries, competitors arose and threatened this title.
Then came THK WAR—a war such as the world never saw before.
And it was found that as well as being a war of destruction it was
also a war that, to a great measure, depended upon production, not
the everyday production of the things necessary to maintain life, but
the production of the things necessary to destroy life, as well as those
things that arc necessary to maintain life in those engaged in destruction and those that arc engaged in the production of the means to destroy life. Great Britain was found lacking in the up-to-day methods
of production, and, as necessity is the mother of invention, so the
needs of the Old Land, embarked upon a gigantic war, have revolutionized the means of production in those countries," said A. S. Wells,
secretary-treasurer of the B. C. Federation of Labor, who has just returned from England, to The Federationist yesterday.
"New methods have been adopted that will bring Great Britain to
the forefront once more, in the production of the commodities demanded all over the world today," continued Mr. Wells. "Systemiza-
tion in production; division of labor to a greatet extent than ever has
been introduced; up-to-date automatic machinery, and every device
that can be conceived for increasing the productivity of the workers,
has been introduced. And another factor, that will never be eliminated under capitalist reign, and which will alter the aspect of the industrial situation in the whole of the British Isles, is the introduction
of women workers into those industries that have heretofore been
looked upon as unsuitable for female workers.
Development and Promise.
"In fact, Great Britain has developed the capitalist method of production,
in two years, to the same extent as
would, under normal times, have taken
decides to have accomplished,
1' Promises have been made by the Imperial government to the workers that
after- the war things will return to the
Btatus quo. This, however, even to tho
casual observer, is impossible.
A Feminine Innovation.
'' Two great factors which will determine that women workerB will not be
eliminated from the industries which
they have invaded are the economic
position of the women, and tbe economic
position of the operators of the industries in question. Firat, the ever-growing need for the opportunity to obtain
the necessities of life, which will be
accentuated by the ever-growing preponderance of females over the males in
numbers, which will again be increased
by the ravages of war. Second, the well
known desire of the captain of industry
for the cheapest possible kind of labor,
and who having proved .the ability of
women to engage in those industries
which have in the past been only entered into by the males, with benefit to
the operators, and, thus opened up a
field of exploitation with visions of
greater profits.
Either War or Acknowledgment.
"Under these conditions the workers
of the old land must reconsider the
question of organization. There are
only two methods'by which this position can bo approached. The one, a
war by the males upon the females to
eliminate them from the industries,
which must inovitably prove worse than
futile; or the organization of women
workers and the demand for equal pay
for equal work. Tho one a war between
the Hexes for jobs, and the other an
acknowledgment that women are the
equals of the males on the industrial
field, aided by the introduction of labor-
saving machinery, and the division of
labor, with systemization of production,
which will, so long as capitalism obtains, bo intensified and perfected.
Politically Given Away.
"Politically the situation in Great
Britain is such as to have shown the
weakness of the Labor party A Yorkshire Labor paper, commenting upon
the Labor party and ita attitude to
questions affecting the workers, sueh as
the dilution of Labor, etc., says: .'The
Labor party have not sold us. They
have given us away.' And slowly but
surely the workerB are recognizing that
thiB is only too true. A party which, in
itB essence, iB a party of compromise,
without any foundation except the desire of individuals to become members
of the Mother of Parliaments, and who
have little knowledge of the working
class position or the oconomic structure
of Bociety. And without that knowledge it is incapable of looking after
the interests of those they are supposed
to represent.
Ideals and Sacrifice.
"The question arises, to those who
see the changes in methods of production: Will the ideas of those who toil
change at the same rate end in proportion to the industrial changes, or will
they lac behind?,...If the.former, then
we shall witness changes in Great Britain that will bring very near tbe ideals
for which the clnss conscious element in
society is ever atriving.
"Sacrifices have.been made by the
workors of all countries engaged in the
present conflict. So-called privileges
have been relinquished. The coat of living has steadily increased. Wages have
not increased in the snme proportion.
Wnr bonuses have been granted to offset the steady rise in prices of the daily
necessities of lifo. The pound sterling
has decreased in purchasing power to
tho extent that •'it will now only purchase twelve and sixpence worth of the
necessities, as compared with pre-war
Conditions Will Kipen.
"Will these prices fall at the conclusion of tho wnr, at the aame time as the
war bonus becomes a thing of the past?
If not, then tho workers vof the Old
Land will have received such a cut in
wages as will bring them to a position
('eggg')     IW0 PER YEAR
Amended Agreement Carry
All-union Clause and '
Wage Increase
Electrical Workers and the
Street Rallwaymen's
Unions Pleased
Continued on Page 4.)
THEBE IS a general feeling of
quiet satisfaction among the
members of the Street Railway
Employees' unions and also the
Electrical Workers' unions of
Vancouver, New Westminster and
Victoria this week-end. And there
is much justification. The Electrical Workers, after a holiday of
two weeks, are back at work, as
union men, the proud possessors
of an all-union agreement with the
B. C. E. B. Co., covering satisfactorily all the points which were in
dispute. The Street Railwaymen,
too, have had their grievances
heard and many of them amended.
In fact the general good feeling,
as a result of "going to the mat,"
which now exists between the employees and the company, should
redound to the mutual advantage
of both parties. The officers of all
the unions involved are receiving
the congratulations of the mem
bership for the able presentation
of their claims and the clear-cut
victory obtained., The attitude of
the company, when it came to a
show-down, is to be commended.
It will be found that the adopted
policy will work out to the advan**
tage of all concerned.
Tbe New Wage Scbedute.
The *amended schedule, affecting the
street railwaymen, reads:
W. II. Cottrell, Esq., President
Amalgamated Association of Street
and Glectric Bailway Employees
of America, Vancouver, B. O.
Dear Sir,—
Dear Sir: The following is a statement of the alterations we agreed with
your committee to mako in the agreement dated the 1st September, 1915, be*
tween this company and your association:
Clause 1. The said agreement to be
extended so as to terminate on the 30th
day of June, 1918, or at the expiration
of six months after the cessation of the
wur, whichever date comes flrst.
Clause 2. Tho following rates of
wages to be paid from and aftor tho
date of this letter until the termination
of the agreement in plnco of the rates
provided by the agreement dated 1st
September, 1915.
(a)   On   City, and Suburban  lines,
Motormen and Conductors shall receive:
New Bate.
Per hour
First year    27c
Second year .
Third year ...
Fourth year .
After fourth year    35c
(b)   Motormen   and   Conductors   in
(Continued on page 2)
Baken' Union Registers a
Protest Against the
Master Bakers
Kick Against Long Hours
of Labor and Filthy
—Courtesy Australian Lsbor Call.
Capitalist: "The interests of capital and Labor are identical."
The Cow: "Yes, but I still demand the right to strike.'"
Query: Does the cow milk herself I
O. F. E. System Federation Succeeds In
Landing Agreement With B. ft N.
The officers of the C. P. E. System
Federation, embracing the allied metal
trades, have succeeded in securing a
settlement with the officials of the h. &
N. (C. P. R.) on Vancouver island. Ne
gotiations have been in progress for the
paBt couple of weeks, -The absence of
any previous agreement on the island
railways made the task of the union
officers somewhat difficult, but all obstacles have been overcome and a very
satisfactory schedule has been secured.
It covers the machinists, boilermakers,
carmen and blacksmiths, and carries
with it a wage increase of from 4 cents
to 7 cents per hour. Chairman F. McKenna of the Federation and J. Brooks
of the local Machinists' union conducted 'the negotiations with President
Orant Hall, Vice-president Marpole and
Supt. Beasley. Working conditions of
the naw agreement are similar to those
obtaining on the main line system.
Messrs. McVety and Byron Away to the
Labor Congress Convention.
Jbb. H. McVety, uccompnniod by Mrs.
McVety, left for Toronto on Tuesday
morning, to attend the 1916 convention
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, which convenes next Monday
morning. Mr, McVety is tho only delegato from Vancouver Trades and Lnbor
council, and he has been named by the
Congress executive council as a member of the resolutions committee. He
will also do his utmost to interest the
delegates to the convention in the redemption of Vancouver Labor Temple.
J. Byron, the only delegate from the
Street Railway Employees' union this
year, is making the trip with President
McVety, ond, liko tho latter, is pledged
to work for the repeal of the federal
Industrial Disputes Act, rathor than its
All-union Agreements, Wage
Increases and Better
Short Session Deals With
Various Matters in a
Business Way
—CourUiy Vtncouvor Daily Province
town in British Columbia.   Tho above is the other
N SEPT. 8, in its 20-page Labor Day edition, Tho Federationist run a cut of a typical "company   _,    .„ v„„ vv„v.
w side of the picture. Tho former at least represented production—this represents nothing but the vulgar and impressive display of tho powor and plunder made possible under the capitalist system. Here may be seen the emporiums wherein aro displayed tho fabricB woven by the sweat of labor, most of
whioh are beyond the financial reach of their creator. In the foreground looms up one of the counting houses of the proflt game, thoso sacrosanct edifices
wherein are kept careful record of the chips to the credit of the respective players.   It is a great game and solid and impressive are its resultB, iih may be
LAST NIGHT'S meeting of Vancouver Trades and laber council was
fairly well attended. Vice-president
It. N. Myles presided in the absence of
of President MoVety, and Socretary V,
R. Midgley and other officers wero ou
the job.
' Mossrs. Perry of tho Bookbinders and
Woodside and Murdock of the Electri
cal Workers, were seated as delegates.
It was doiided, upon tho recomniendn
tion of the executive, thut no delegate
be sent thiB year to the Baltimore convention of the American Federation of
A letter, received from W. Barker,
waB read complaining of tho treatment
his communication had received ut tho
hands of The Federationist. A recommendation by the executive that the
editor be requested to publish the com
municutioii was concurred in.
The bylaw' and constitution revision
special committee reported progress.
Beports of Unions.
Delegate Nagle, 1'ainters, reported
covering the convention proceedings of
tho recent Pacific Northwest conforonco,
Delegate Rigby, Streot Railway Employees, reported on tho satisfactory
settlement of their differences with the
B. C. E. R, Co., in conjunction with the
Electrical Workors, resulting in an all-
uuion agreement being obtained.
Delegate Steves, Pressmen, reported
that tho trouble with ■Timms' printshop
had been squared away.
Delegate Midgley, Civic Employees,
reported that a small Increase in wages,
25 cents per day, had been secured from
the city council. Tho fight would be
continued, he said, until the $.'l-a-day
wago had been' restored, even if it
meant making it an issue nt the forth
coming municipal elections.
Upon thc suggestion of Rec.-Trens.
Wells of the B. C. Federation of Labor,
Secretary Midgley introduced a motion
that the council re-affirm its ondorsn-
tion of President Jas. H. McVety for
thu position of commissioner, under the
B, C. Workmen's Compensntion Act,
and that copies of Bamo be forwnrded
to Premier-elect Brewster. Tho motion
wns iiiiiinimously adopted.
Delegate Benson, Typos., asked who
wns the federal Labor Gnzetto correspondent, nnd upon being ndvlBftd that it
was J. W. Wilkinson, tho matter wns
referred to tho executive to act, inns-
much ns the council's policy was to
hnve its secretary fill thnt position.
A good deal of discussion took place
over tho contomplatod action of the
federal government to repeal the Alien
Labor Act. Upon motion tlio secretnry
was instructed to wire a protest nnd
also to adviso Delegato McVety to raise
the question at the Toronto convention
of the Trndes and Labor Congress convention, winch opens next Monday.
Under the order of good nnd wolfaro,
Secretary A. S. Wolls, of tho B. C.
Federation of Lnbor, who was present,
was invited to address the delegates.
Mr. Wells reviewed tlio work of tho B.
C. F. of L., and referred to the mnny
"aftor-tlic-wnr" problems which were
bound to nrise. He urged tho trade
unionists of British Columbia to fortify
themselves by becoming n part of tho
Federation. Tic predicted a greater
usefulness for tho Federation in the:
near future, inasmuch ns most of the,
legislation needed by Lnbor wns of a
provincinl nature. Tn dealing with tho
politicnl situation, Mr. Wells reiterated
the opinion fixpresscd, in nn Interview
with Tho Federationist, elsewhero in
this h mo. TTe boliovcd thnt the B. C.
Federation of Labor had merit, and he
asked for the united support of every
union represented in ttio council. Tho
now Workmen's Compensation Aet wns
but one example of the work accomplished. A businesslike session of the
council terminated at 9 p.m.
IT'IS FAIRLY well-known that capitalist production of foodstuffs is not
usually marked  with  any pronounced
effort at cleanliness, if such effort'in
any manner tends to lessen the profit to
be gained.   Anything is good enough
and clean enough to be sold for human
consumption, provided there is a satisfactory margin of profit to be gained
from the selling.  A satisfactory margin
of profit is, however, scarcely definable,
for it is a well-known fact tbat be the
profit never bo great, the profit-monger
has yet to be discovered who would not
cheerfully   appropriate   unto   himself
everything in that line that he eould lay
his hands upon, no matter how filthy the
circumstances leading up to the appro-
priation might be.   Of course, a people
so devoid of sense as to insist upon
leaving the matter of providing themselves with food, etc., to the gentle
mercies of others who have no other interest in the matter than to get aa much
swag as possible out of tbetransaction,
ought to be poisoned stiff.   But tbat ia
no satisfaction to those who have better
sense, and would like to adopt a more
Bane  and  sanitary  method  of  doing
things, for the simple reason that while
those who are without sense are getting whnt is properly coming to them, '
sensible people are also being poisoned
with the same filth.
The Bakers Make a Kick.
The Bakers' union of this city haa
been making some demands upon the
bosses for improvement in working
hours and general conditions of employment. Of course the bosses have
refused to grant such demands. True
to the instincts of their tribe, the muter bakers would do nothing, At laet
the Bakers' union sent a delegation to
the city hall to lay matters before the
council. On Monday last a regular bakers' convention was held in the court-oil
chamber. Mr. David Nichol, principal
speaker for the bakers, informed the
couneil that the conditions under whieh
the men had been working had beeome
absolutely intolerable. They worked
neither day or night, but mostly both.
While others were outside enjoying the
flne weather, they were compelled to put
in nine or more hours in almost intolerable heat and humidity, owing to thc
bnkeshops being improperly ventilated.
The conditions under which tho men
wero working, Mr. Nichol declared, to
be fnr from sanitary and healthful.
Those conditions the bosses hnd refused
to remedy. He aaid that the Vancouver bakeshop motto should bc, "abandon hopo all ye who enter here."
Fabulous Wages, Infinitesimal Profits.
In response to queries, Mr. Nichol
disclosed that the wages of the men
wero fJS per week, and the average
daily output per man was 1000 loaves
of bread. He charged that even with
(lour nt its present price the master
bnkers were making 100 per cent, profit
on bread. He alleged that the bylaws
of the city were boing violated daily
by the master bakers, and especially
was this truo in rognrd to the regulation relating to Sunday labor. They
had approached the council in tbo hope
that tho city authorities would do something for them thnt would enable them
to get better ventilated working quarters nnd shorter hours of labor. At
present mnny of them were forced to
work as many as twelve hours por day.
Inspector Gives His Version.
Bakery Inspector Eugene Plant being
cnlled upon by the council gave his version of the way the master bnkers observed thc Bakeshop Act. He stated
that the act provided that bakeshops
must bo ventilated, heated and drained
according to certain standards, but that
the act hod lots of loopholes and those
lind been tnken advantage of by the
maBter bakers. Ho had particularly <
protested to the civic authorities
against some of these bakeshops being
located in basements, which could not
bo properly ventilated. He cited threo
instances where ho had reported infractions of the bakeshop net, but iu two
of these instances tlin police commissioners had instructed him to drop tho
prosecution. Il would seem from this
that tho city authorities either entertain vory intimate relations with the
bakery bosses nr are extremely lax iu
their duties as custodians of tho law.
They Got Nowhere.
^ After a lengthy nnd desultory discussion of everything but tho question nt
issue, the performance onded by "nobody getting nowhere," as Sis Hopkins
might Bay. Tho bakers oro still work- '■
ing tho samo old hours, and tho bread
wo cat is still baked undor conditions
that aro none too clean nnd healthy.
Tlie master bakers' *!--1-* '- '-
ine master bakers' right to do ns they
please, has not beon sorlously threatened. The snerod right to reap profit
from the exploitation of the workerB,
still remains sacred to the master bnkers, and the public gullet is still nttuned
to swallow thoir product no matter how
filthy tho conditions under which it
mny bo brought forth. All of which is
as it Bhould bo under tho rogimo of production for proflt.
Fourth Member to Fall.
Sergt. Angus Mclvor, of tho local
Bricklayers' and Masons' union, who
left Vancouver in April with tho fith
Canndian Fiold ongincerfl, wob killed in
Franco on August 2, although the newa
only enmo through a few days ago. It
appears that he had been ln the trenches
several weoks and was coming out for
four days' loavo when ho was shot
through the heart. Tho deceased brother rcBldod at 962 Twenty-first avenne,
and leaves a widow and two small children to mourn his Iosb, tho eldest being
only three years of age. PAGE TWO
96 Branch., ln Ouadi
A punl bulking btuiiMU trma-
Mted. Oiicnlir l.tttn of endtt.
Buk money orden.
Savings Department
Interett allowed at talgheit
current rate
Aimi a««.ooo,ooo
Depoalta 41,000,0(0
Household Banking
In The Bank of Toronto have been
found by many to be a great convenience. .The accounts may be
opened in the names of husband
and wife, and either may deposit
or withdraw money. Interest la
paid on theae accounts twice a
Paid ap ttpl'll    6,000,000
■team hit     e,M>,lll
Corner Haatinga and Cambie Sta.
Free Homesteads
Along our line, beaver meadows
and open popuar lands. We locate you. Boom for thousands.
Call at our offlce and see our land
Pacific Great Eutern Railway
Wilton Block'
' Men's Hatters and Outfitters'
Three Storei
Some of Oar Beit Caitomert
are among the trade unionists of
Greater Vancouver. In aome
cases, where a customer
we are willing to talk it over.
- Come in and look over the biggest
and beat stock of furniture in
British Colombia.
Published every Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Ftdtrationlst, Limited
tt. Parm. Pettipiece , .Manager
Offlce:  Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:   $1.50 per year;   in. Vancouver
City,  $2.00;  to unions subscribing
 In a body, $1.00 ;•
Now Westminster. .W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert .W. E. Denning, Box 581
Victoria A. S. Wells. Box  1588
'Unity of Labor: the Hope' of the World'
Malleable Rangea, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doora
and windows.
2337 MAIN BT. Phone: Pair. 447
Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. Britlah Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Aotual Settlers—
TERMS—Bealdence on the land
for at leaat three yeara; improve*
menti to the eitent of $S per
aore; bringing onder cultivation
at least five aerei.
For further Information apply to
WHETHER THEpaBaage of the
Workmen's Compensation Act
by the Bowser government was
an eleventh-hfiur political effort to bolster up a dying cause, or was honestly
put forward for the
WORKMEN'S purpose of making
COMPENSATION aome well-^eservod
ACT. provision    for   the
workingman and
family in the day of need, matters Uttle.
That the act is a good one seems to be
generally acknowledged. ' The taking
over by the province of the insurance
of the workmen engaged in industry, is
strictly in line with the trend of development toward state capitalism,
which, whether we liko it or not, op-
pears to be the logical culmination of
the capitalist system, and a stnge of development that must be reached before
capitalism will be ripe for overthrovr.nt
the hands of the proletariat.
* *      *
If state  insurance  will do  nothing
else, it will at least afford an opportunity for this particular service to be rendered at considerably less cost than
where it is furnished through the medium of the regular insurance companies. If there is any proof required for
this it may be found in the move already made by the insurance companies,
an account of which may be found in
another column. That these concerns
are alarmed' because of the passage of
this Aot and look upon it as a dangerous
encroachment upon the field hitherto
held exclusively by them, is proof positive that they expect to suffer a loss of
revenue thereby. Such being the case,
it logically follows that there must be
a profit in the insurance- business that
it will be possible to eliminate if the
state takes the business in hand. If the
state can take over the insurance of
workingmen against loss through industrial accidents, and render es efficient
And a cheaper service than individual
concerns, thero is no logical reason why
it should not do the same thing in other
lines of insurance. And1 this also applies to all activities as well,
* at      *
As it appears that this Compensation
Act is right in line with the policy and
programme of the Liberal party it is
hardly likely that the newly-elected
government will place any obstacles in
the way of its being put in force upon
the date specified in the Act. While,
many ridiculous things may be said and
done during the excitement and heat of
a political campaign, there are happily
but few of us so blind to reason as to
refuse to accept sound measures and
follow good principles, merely because
our most inveterate political enemies
havo advised us so to do. It is but fair
to presume that Mr. Brewstor and his
advisers will prove to bo of too large a
calibre to Indulge in any unnecessary
displays of political temper along snch
lines. We should be considerably dis-
nppointed In them were it to prove
* * *
As Jns. H. McVety, at present president of the B. C. federation of Labor,
and who was one of the commissioners
appointed to gather the information
upon whioh the Act was based, has been
nlmost unanimously endorsed by the or-
galnzed Labor movement of the province for appointment to the Board of
Commissioners to administer the Act, it
would appear practically certain that
the Brewster government will give duo
consideration to such endorsement. Presumably there will be applicants for the
position, other than Mr. McVety, but
unless they are mado upon other than
grounds of more patronage, it is hardly
likely that Mr. Browster's judgment
will bo influenced thoroby, for his policy
nnd stand upon the question of patron
ngo is well-known.
THE    QUERY,   "what   are    we
worth f" is anothor department of
trado and commorco suggestion for
nn cditorinl caption.   And it strikos ub
as being a very good one at thnt.   Why
should we not sire
WHAT ourselves up for the
ARE WE purpose   of   ascor-
WORTH7 taining,     for     in-
stnnco, whether wo
are worth our keep, or whether it is a
losing proposition to havo ub banging
around the national premises! As the
pronoun "we" is used in tho query wo
do not feel justified in making our enquiries along any other lines than those
of the plurality suggosted. The Feder-
ationist being first a Labor paper, it
must bo assumed that the "we" referred to means the members of the working class. Such being the caso the query
is not difficult to answer. What have
the workers, as a cIhbb, to prove their
value or worth 1 Being practically
without material wealth it Is clear that
their worth, to themselves, is nil. It is
beyond dispute that they havo been
busy all down through tho ages producing wealth, but as they are now in
povorty, that Is they aro without wealth
to show for their efforts, nothing can
bo plainer than that thoy aro without
worth to themselves.    It matters not
whether, their poverty is the result of
their prodigality or their inability to
make good, the conclusion is the same.
"We" ure worth nothing. To put it
plainly "we" are the poorest kind of a
poor investment.
*      *      *
If our worth, however, be judged
from the standpoint of our masters,
those genial and philanthropical gentlemen who act as our guardiuns and saviors by kindly and considerately giving ub work, things might look differently. The Wall Street Journal states
that the Du Pont powder factories distributed more than $240,000,000 in dividends last year. This was at the rate
of more than 100 per cent, upon the investment (may the good lord deliver
us). Now it would appear that the
working class, or such portion of it as
the Du Pont valuators had an opportunity to size up, was worth quito a
chunk of money to that concern. Bat
the Du Pont outfit being a foreign affair, its financial experience with working animals can have little or no bearing upon an estimate of what "we"
are worth on this side of that line that
exists in the imagination only. The Du
Ponta being alien to us, and belonging
to that conscienceless tribe that
world-famous for being addieted 'to the
grossly material and vulgar practice of
grabbing filthy lucre, uninfluenced by
any consideration of patriotism or other
ennobling virtues, Bhould have no, standing with us in considering the case.
"We" will drop them and come nearer
home in search of testimony more reliable. Right in Ihia Dominion of
"oura" there is in* existence a concern
known as the Montreal Ammunition
Company. It is one of the subsidiaries
of the Dominion Bridge Company. In
less than one year thiB Ammunition Co.
paid more than 750 per cent, in dividends. "We" may not be worth anything to ourselves, but "we" are not
altogether without value to those who
know how to pry it out of us. For instance last year "we" were worth over
$40,000,000 to that eleemosynary institution known as the Canadian' Pacific
Bailway. And so it goea all along the
line. What "we" are worth to the
master class cannot be measured, without including all that claas ever had,
now haa and ever will have.
s       *      *      *
If the department of trade and com
merce meant the property owning class
when it put forth the query of "what
are we worth,'' the answer is still easier. Judged either from the standpoint
of themselves or the workers the answer
is the same In either case "we" are
worth nothing. A class that lives by
its property is an abaolutely worthless
class, because it is a useless class. It
produces nothing, therefore it is valueless. The working class ia a miserably
poor investment, from the standpoint of
the working class itself, but a mighty
profitable one from that of the master
class. The master class, tho class that
lives by its property rights, is "not only
a miserably costly and worthless investment to the working class, but it is
also absolutely worthless to itself. It
neither brings revenue to itself or any
one else. It ia a dead Iosb to human
society, a veritable sinkhole that swallows up everything and gives back nothing but bad' smells. Yes, quite a lot
could be said about what "we" are
worth, but it could not be published in
a respectable family journal like this,
without incurring the disapproval of
the censor.
machine" that so ruthlessly held
the treasury trenches against the
assaults of the Liberal host made hungry by the ghaatily procession of long
lean years unbroken
THEY by manna, has been
WANTED scrapped,    ditched,
A CHANGE. pulverized  and  an-
'' nihilated. It has
been Baid that ompty stomachs cannot
be pitted against a bank vault with
any prospect of winning, but the way
the half-famished Liberal phalanx went
up against that terrible machine and
ditched it, seems to belle the statement.
Latest advices indicate that the next
house will be mado up of 39 Liberals
and 8 Conservatives. Much to the satisfaction of the powors thnt be, there are
no longer any Socialists left. It is also
lucky for the Socialists that suoh is the
case, for now that the Liberals are in
power they would aurely make life a
burden for any socialists who might
happen to be there, in retaliation for
tho sins of their predecessors who, in
days gono by, .aided and abetted' the
Conservative government in its nefarious machinations. That ia according to
thc trndltional Liberal version of thoae
tragic days.
* * *
Now that the alleged change has been
made, does any reasonable person believe thot any real change has actually
occurred f In what manner does the
political programme of the victors differ from that of the vanquishedt Does
the Liberal party stand for any system
of property or method of conducting industrial operations, that in any manner
differs from that of tho Conservatives!
Will the laws of the market that actually govorn the wages of labor, work
any loss ruthlessly now than prior to
the election! Will house rents either
go up or down In consequence of tho
election of Mr. Brewster and hia colleagues! Will thore be any greater or
less demand for labor and its products
than formerlyt la it reasonable to
suppose that any greator or'less degree
of integrity and offlcloncy in administration is to bo found' in the one political camp than in the other! Is it not
a fact that the campaign arguments and
accusations used by olther of these par-
tiea, to belittle and besmirch the other
wero practically all bosh, and calculated
to mislead the voters into believing that
wrongs had been committed, when the
facts were otherwise, or that wrongs
and infamies were intended to be perpetrated, when auch was not the caBpf
In fact waa there any valid reason given
by any of the platform combatants during the scrimmage, why there should' or
should not have been ai change of administration! Is it not true that everybody has been bamboozled into a great
excitement and flurry over nothing, and
the majority induced to effect a change
that is no change at all! Is not thia
alleged change fully as ridiculous as
that of the hobo who professes to have
changed Mb ahirt by merely turning it
the other side out! query: If all of
this fuss and bother has been indulged
in for the purpose of effecting a change
that is in reality no change at all, how
many of the Henry Dubb family went
to tho polls upon September 14!
A garrulous ass once rampant, did
with his jaw his enemies flay, but now
ho's as dumb as an oyster, in its shell
at Oyster Bay.
A lot of howlers are continually unloading ;their lungs nsserting that everybody haa an1 "inalienable right to
work." Well, what about it anyway!
Who has denied it! Of course everybody has that right, that ia if they can
find any one who will loan them a job
to work at. What is all this row about,
In thirteen counties of New York
"surveyed" by the Wicks committee
for the purpose of finding out how the
farmer waa getting along under the
rule of capitalist property, it waa found
that the average returns were about
$560 per year. In addition to this-he
consumed some of the stuff he raised
such as vegetables, fruits, poultry, milk,
etc., but at that he just about held Ijis
own with urban labor. In other words,
his wages amounted to about $2 per
day for the 365 days in the year. That
is he had a steady job.
The majority faction of the Socialist
party in Germany, which has supported
the government 'a war meaaurea, haa issued a manifesto declaring against annexation of any kind. This attitude is
being supported by many members - of
the Radical and Liberal parties. Such
self-denial is almost Incomprehensible.
Under the circumstances at present existing, it seems positively incredible.
And that, too, after the "fatherland
has won (!) so many victories and bo
much territory.   We cannot believe it.
And now the Swiss socialists are inaugurating a referendum to compel the
military to. cease meddling with civic
affairs. The much-her aldccT '' democratic military system," which alleged socialists of aome other countries are so
anxious to copy, has turned out to bo
just like tho military beast wherever
found. It is the extreme anthithesis of
domocracy. Freedom and a military establishment never existed1 alongside of
each other. The soldier and the slave
were born at the same time. The one
is the complement of the other. Where
one is the other iB there also; the one to
swaggor and the other to cringe. Where
freedom dwells neither of them will be
Just to show how tne ruthless acts of
organized labor often frightens capital
away and thus destroys industry, we
beg to note that a clothes pin famine is
threatened down in Virgania, because
the Dodge Clothes Pin company has decided to remove its factory rather than
submit to the exorbitant demands of its
employeea in the matter of wagea. Aa
tho slaves of the eompany were drawing down the munificent wages of $3.50
per week for girls and $7.50 per week
for mon, and only working from ten to
twelve hours in order to get all that
money, the utter recklessness of their
demands may be readily understood.
They should be ashamed of themselves;
they should indeed.
Trades and labor Council.
Friday, September 26,1891
Letter received from Under Secretary
of State S. A. Cattelier in reference to
importation of Chinese into British Co
On motion of Delegates Woodley and
Chapman, an arbitration committee of
one delegate from each union of the
building trades was appointed, the
unions to select the committee.
H. Cowan resigned as recording secretary. Accepted with a vote of thanks.
Hugh Wilpon elected.
Vice-president Bartley preaided.
(Continued from page 1)
work train service shall receive 1%
cents per hour in addition to the above
(c) On Interurban Lines, being District 1, New Westminster (Central
Park) Line, District 4, New Westminster (Burnaby Lake) Line and also on
Saanich Line:
First year    28%c
Second year    30^c
Third year    32%c
Fourth year    34^c
After fourth year.     36^0
(d) Brakemen, trolleymen and bag-
fagemen on those lines shall receive;
or the first six months    27c
For the aecond six months    28c
For the second year —-   29c
For the third year    30c
For the fourth year and after    31c
(o) . Shop and barn wages
Car cleaners      28c
Motor car repairers, armature wind-
era, helpers, blacksmith helpers, carpenters' helpers, machinists' helpers and
sawyers: *   j,
First year    27c
Seoond year
Third' year : *   31c
Fourth year     33c
After fourth year.    35c
Freight car repairers    30c
Freight c.ar repairers' helpers    27c
Freight car inspectors....  .   33c
Painters  :    43c
Freight car and rough painters..   29%c
Brush handa     27c
Carpentera  _    43c
Freight car carpenters...    35o
Machinists     46c
Babbiter 36 l-3c
m-"- -'-'    •"-- 38c
Trolley retriever repairer.
Car wiremen ...
Air brake fitters	
Aramature winders, first-class	
Armature winders, second class....
Armature winders, third class	
Leading hands while so aoting to
receive beyond regular pay, 3
cents extra per hour.
First year    17c
Second year    SOo
Third year —   24c
Fourth year ',.....   30o
(f) Freight shed department:
Checkers    30c
Truckers    28c
(g) Maintenance-of-way Men:
Track Maintenance Men.
First nine months,    27c
After nine moaths', Vancouver and ■
Victoria City:
Trackmen    29c
All other trackmen *   29c
Track greasers     29o
Blacksmiths—Same rate as Bhop blacksmiths,
(h)   Meter men: *
First year    —
Second year    ' —
Third year and. after.....    —
House Meter Installers, Testers and
First year ( 81c
Second year ^    33c
Third year and after    35c
Meter installers, driving autos to
receive lc extra per hour.
Meter installers, high tension    40c
Meter Repairers.
Firat claBB     42c
Second class-
First year ...
W, 0. Lee, president of the Brotherhood of Trainmen, has Bent out a bulletin calling upon the membership to use
"every honorable means in its power to
retain in office, regardless of partizan
beliefs, those who have proven loyal to
the cause of Labor." The official organ
of the trainmen, The Railroad Trainman, will in its next issuo attack Chas.
E. Hughes, tho republican candidate for
the presidency, for his attitude
Labor matters. Thus does the Wilson
administration get returns for the
clever political work done in the matter
of averting the threatened railway
strike, by passing the eight-hour bill.
The catching of gudgeons Is by no
means a lost art, and there is still a
large school of them to be caught, And
that Is evidently the purpose for which
they were made.
According to John Beed, in the Metropolitan Magazine, the output of 16,-
000 workmen, working ten hours per
day in the Ford automobile works during tho month of February, 1913, was
16,000 cars. For the month of February, 1914, wltlf 15,800 mon working, the
output was 26,000 cars. This was after
the inauguration of the much-touted $5
por day scheme of Ford's. Beed Bays
that thia phenomenal Increase la not duo
to "the introduction of new machinery
or to improved methods of production;
It must be credited almost entirely to
shorter hours and more wages." Any
one who enn figure an increase of wages
out of such a proposition as that is possessed of a mathematical faculty that
makcB old man Euclid look .like a piker,
in comparison. But then there are some
brilliant geniuses running around looae
theae days, shedding their effulgence
upon the dull and oommon herd.
Second year    33c
Third year and after .' ......   35c
(i)   Employeea paid monthly.
House light troublemen and assistant
house light troublemen to be left ont of
this Agreement, nnd to be included in
Electrical Workers' Agreement.
Per month
Baggage room men (Vancouver)..$85.00
Baggage room men (New Weatr.) 75.00
Teamsters   70,00
Interlocking tower men 65.00
Arc lamp repnirman 85.00
Outside carpentera—
Bridge   nnd    building   maatera'
maintenance gang    43c
Section 11—Lout Property.
In regard to your suggestion that lost
property should be returned to the
finder if not claimed within a specified
time, we are willing to adopt the aame
practice as the C P. R.
Section 15 (b)—Concessions.
Trackmen on District Two to have
paaaes good on Vancouver or WeBtmin
ster City Linos, ns desired'.
Section 16 (c)—Concessions.
With Tegard to your desire that
pnRaes over District 3 and Saanich line
should be good at week-ends nnd holidays, we will Issue a reasonable number nf such passes, reserving the.jight
to restrict them according to trafflc
Section 118—Train Maintenance Men.
The  following olause to be  added
after Clause 118:
118 (a) In the event of day gangs
being required to do night work for a
period of two nights or less, thev shall
not on that account be compelled to
lose a dnv prior to tno commencement
of that nitrht work, and they shall be
paid overtime rates for the two nights.
When n day gang is required to work
threo nights or,- more in succession, it
nhnll be considered tn have been transferred to night work fnr the time being,
but ahall be paid at overtime ratea^for
the flrst night's work. y
Provided that the foregoing shall not
apply to cxtra'-men taken on for emer-
gencv work in connection with snow
Genernl Manager.
General Superintendent.
Witness:     ' -,
Chief Clerk.
Wo accept the above on behalf pf the
Amalgamated Association of Street and
Electric Rnilwny Employees of America,
President Division 101.
Preaident Division 109.
President Division 334.
Secretary Division 101, /
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute {or any Boyal Orown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep Britlah Columbia clean)
Pour-room bungalow on Fraser
avenue, having full basement,
splendid garden, chicken run,
high and dry, splendid view and
all in good condition; clear deed
to this property. Price $900;
will give good terms.
We would be glad to quote you
prices on your fire insurance. We
are making a specialty of this department, and will guarantee you
as cheap rates as can be had, also
complete satisfaction in all your
We want listings of houses to
rent, both furnished and unfurnished. Any information or assistance cheerfully given.
Vice-president DIV. 101.
Secretary Division 134.
Secretary Division 109.
Chief Clerk.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meeti tn convention September of
oach year. Executive board: Ju. 0. Watten,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Vlotoria, B. O.; secretary- treasurer, P. 11. Draper, Drawer 615, Ottawa, Ont.
Adopted ln Stpttmbtr, 1015, \_ tbt Tradai
and Labor Contrail of Cauda
1. Free   compulsory  education.
2. Legal working day of eight hoars, and
■Ix days to a week,
8, Government inspection of all industries.
4. The abolition of the contract system
on all public works, f
6 A minimum living wage, bated on
local conditlona.
6. Publlo ownership of all franchises,
such as rallwaya, telegraphs, telephones,
water-works, lighting, etc.
7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation on
industry and Increasing It on land valuta.
8. Abolition of the Dominion Senate.
9. Exclusion of all Asiatics.
10. The Union Labol to be placed on all
manufactured goods where practicable, and
all government and municipal supplies.
11. Abolition of child labor for children
under sixteen years,, and tha establishing of
equal pay for equal work for men and
13. Abolition of property qualification for
all public offices.
13. Voluntary arbitration of labor disputes.
14 Compulsory vote and proportional
representation with grouped constituencies
and abolition of municipal wariln.
15. Direct legislation through the Initiative and referendum.
in. Prohibition of prison labor jn competition with free labor.
17. Equal suffrage for men and women
ovor 21 yean of age.
Aak for Labor Ttmplt  'Phont Exchange,
Stymour   7400   (nnlasi   othtnriit   stated).
Cooks, Walten, Waitresses—Room 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Worken (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.    Bey. 8610.
Deep Sea Fishermen1! Union—Ruuell Kear-
loy, 437 Gore avenne. Ofllce phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell atreet; phone Sey. 0859.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805.
Sallon—W. 8. Burnt, 318 Hastings itreet
west.     Bey.  S708.
Street Railway Employeea—Fred A. Hoover;
cor, Main and Union/ Phont Exchange
Seymoar 6000.
Typographical—R. _V. Neelands. Room 208.
Allied Printing Trades CouncU—B. H. Neelands, Bos 56.
Barben—8. H. Grant, 1301 7th avenue weat.
Bartenden—H. Davit, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill
P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H, Cowdaroy, HIS Thirty
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraier, 1151 Howe street.
Brewery Worken—Chat. G. Austin, 782 7th
avonue east.
Brlcklayen—William 8. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Council
—F. L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers-—L. T,
Solloway, 1157 Harwooa itreet. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—O. W. Polbam, 1808 Seymoar
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—M, D.
Jordan, 1060 Granville atreet,
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees—E, Corado, 236 Clark drive.
Clgarmaken—W. H. McQueen, care Knrtt
Olgar Faotory. 72 Water Stnet.
Cooks, Walten, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne.
Electrical Worken (outalde)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple,
Eleotrleal Worktn (inilde)—F. L. Estinghausen, Room 207.
Granite Cutten—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Worktn—Un. Jardlne, Labor Tem
Honeihoen—Labor Temple,
Latter Carrlen—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue weit.    -
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Ttmplt.
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brookt, Room 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue watt.
Musiciani—H. J. Braifleld, Room 806, Labor
Moving Picture Operaton—H. O. Roddan, P.
O. Box 846.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty atreet.
Painters—Geo. Weston, Room 808, Labor
Plumbers —Room 206Hi Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Wat^man, 1167 Georgia Bt.
Flasterere—John ,1 ...ei Cornish, 1809 Eleventh avenut Eut.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
Quarry Worken—James Hepburn, oan Columbia Hotel.
Beamen'i Union—W. 8. Burnt, P. O. Box
Structural Iron Worktn—Room 808, tabor
Stonecutters—James   Rayburn,   P.   O.   Box
Sheet Metal Worken—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east,
Street Railway Employee!—A. V. Lofting,
2661 Trinity street.
Stereotypcn—W. Bayley, can Province,
Telegrapher*—E. B. Poppln, Box 842,
Trades and Labor Council—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical—n. Neelanda, Box 66,
Tallow—0.  McDonald,  Box 508.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Oeo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayen and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenne tait.
_        -  I
first   and  third   Thursdays.   Executivo
_._. mm* uiiru laursaaya. Executive
board: Jamea H. McVety, president: R. N.
Myles, vice-president; Victor R. Mldgley,
general secretary, 210 Labor Temple; Fred
Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill, statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A. J.
Crawford, Jaa, Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
Meets second Monday in the month.
President,  J.  McKinnon; 'secretary,  R.  H.
Neelanda, P. 0. Box 66,     Sv
BARTENDERS'    LOCAL   No.   676.—Offlce,
Room 208 Labor Templo. Meets flnt
Sunday of each montb. President, Jamea
Campbell; finanoial seoretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey, 4752; recording secretary,
Wm. Mottllhaw, .Globe Hotel, Main street.
al Union of America, Looal No, 120—
Moots 2nd and 4th TMsdaya ln the month,
Room 205 Labor Temple. President, L. E.
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
Meets every lit and 3rd Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 307. President, F. Dickie; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 68;
financial   secretary,   W.   J.   Pipes;   busintil
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 215. ■
U. B. W. of A.—Meeta flrst and third
Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. President, A. Sykes; iecretary, Chaa. G. Austin, 721 Eighth Avenuo
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpen of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue west;
socretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
Pacific—Meeta at 437 Gore avenue erery
Tuesday,  7 p.m.    Russell Kearley,  bnslneil
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet; recording secretary, R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; flnanclal
secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association,  Local  88-52—Ofllce and hall,
10 Powell atreet.    Meeti every Thursday 8
6m.    Geo. Thomas, business agent; Thomas
ixon, seoretary.
and foarth Thursdays at 8 p.r. President, J. Molvor; recording secretary, J.
Brooks; flnanolal secretary, J. H. McVety,
211 Labor Temple.    Seymour 7406.
tors' Union, Local 348, I. A. T. B. E. *
M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday of each
month, Room 204, Labor Temple. Preaident,
J. 0. Laohance; buslneas agent, W. E. McCartney; financial and corresponding secre-
tary, H. C. Roddan, P. 0. Box 845.
America—Vancouver and 'vicinity.—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 205, Labor Tomple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 601 Seventh avenue weat; flnanolal secretary, J. Campbell, 4869 Argyll
streot; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512 Yew Btreet. Phone Bayvlew 8698L,
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. li. (Vttrull;
vice-president, R. E. Rigby; recording secretary, A. V. Lofting, •2«51 Trinity street; financial aeeretary and business agont, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m. President, Francis Williams; vice-president, Mini
II. Gutteridge; rocording -secretary, C. McDonald, Box 503; financial secretary, H.
Nordland. V. 0. Box 503.
last Sunday of oach month at 2 p.m.
President, Win. H. Youhill; vice-president,
W. R. Trotter; socretary-troasurer, R. H.
Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
ln annual convention ln January. Exeoutlve offleen, 1916-17: Preildent, Jaa. H. MoVety ; vice-presidents — Vancouvor, John
Brooke, E. Morrison; Victoria, 0. Slverti j
New Westminster, W. Yatei; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Thompson, P. 0. Box 158; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart: District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; Dlitrlet 18,
U. H. W. of A. (Crowe Neat valley), A. J.
Carter. Secretary-treasu-er, A. 8. Wells, P.
IO, Box 1588, Victoria, B, 0.
 VIOTOBIA, B. 0. •*.
OIL—Meete fint and third Wednesday,
Labor hall,  1424 Government itreet,   at  8
6 m:     President, G. Taylor; secretary, F.
oldrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
of America, local 784, New. Weitmlmter.
Metti teeond Sunday of each month at 1*80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameton, Box 496.
synopsis or goal jmrara regulations.
Ooal mining rights of tbt Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tht Yukon Terirtory, tbt Northwest Territorial and
In a portion of tht Province of Brltlih Colombia, may bt lined for a term of twenty-one
yean at an annual rental of 81 an ton. Not
more than 2,660 atrea will bt leaaed to ont
Application! for lease mast bt made by tht
applicant ln penon to tht Agent or Sab-Agent
of tht district ln whloh tht rlgbti applied
for an situated.
In surveyed territory tht land muit bt described by tactloni, or legal subdivisions of
sectlom, and In uniurveyed territory tht
tract applied for ihall bt staked by tht applicant himtelf.
Eaeh application moat bt accompanied by
a fet of 85, which wUl bt refunded If tht
righti applied for an nei available, bnt not
otherwise. A royalty ahall bt paid on tht
mercbtntablt output of tht mint at tha rati
of flvt centi ptr ton.
Tht penon operating tht mint than fur-
nlih tht Agent with aworn returni accounting for tha fall quantity of merchantable
eoal mined'and pay tht royalty thereon. If
the coal mining righti an not being operated,
inch returni thonld bo furniihed at least once
a ytar.
Tht leaat will Include tht eoal mining
rlghta only, but tht lessee may bt permitted
to purchtse whatever available surface righti
may be eomldered neceuary for tht working
of tht mine at tht rata <tt 110 u aore.
For full Information application should bt
madt to tht Secretary of tht Dtpartmtnt of
tht Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agtnt of Dominion Landa.
~ W. H. CORY.
Deputy Mlnliter of tht Interior,
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not bt paid for— 80690
tk a _    ^1
, . Of America *4&«<,
Vott  agalnat prohibition!    Demand  per-
■onal llbtrty In chooilng what yon will drink.
Aik for thla Labil wain purchasing Beer,.
Alt or Porter, at a guarantee that lt la Un* '
' ~ " Thli la oor Label FBIDAT. SEPTEMBEB 22, 1916
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Drink Cascade Beer
With your meals—Cascade is a heauthful, nourishing
Pint.        FOR SALE EVERYWHERE       Quarts
$1.00 per       BREWED AND BOTTLED       $2.00 per
dozen AT THE BREWERY dozen
Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops, and,
incidentally, furnishes a living to some
forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Iimtied
On Sale at all Liquor Stores in
Pale or
The Best
Westminster BreWeryy Ltd.
Vancouver Distributor
0. H. Musun & Oo,, Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whiiky
Old Smuggler Whiiky
Whyte & Maekay, Whiiky
William Teacher & Boat, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Rook, Lithia Water
Dog'i Head, Bait and Ouinneii
Oarnegiei Swediih Porter
Lemp'i Beer
O. Preller & Oo.'i Olareti, Sauternei and Bnrgan-
diet, eto., eto.
lUbUlji LAKU3 nw/o^Vuarami^dtV.)
PiooA for one y.u't ubaorlpttoa to the ti.
J. Foderttioniit  will be milled to .ay id*
— »_ «._--.- .__ ....     (o00d anywhere
- ..      —...    Order tea to-
day.   Remit irhen aold.
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
BAOLET * SONS, 151 Eutinga Btreet Seymour S19
BLOOHBEROER, F. R., 819 Broadway Eaat Fairmont 808
BRAND * PERRY, 631 Fender Street, Weat  Seymoar 2578
BURRARD PUBLISHING CO.,  711 Seymonr Stmt   Seymour 8530
CLARKE * STUART, 890 Seymour Street   Seymonr 8
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 487 Dmemnir Street Seymonr 1108
ETANS A HASTINOS, Aria and Orafta Bldg., Seymonr St Seymonr 5860
JEWELL. M. L., 841 Pender 8t Seymour 144*
KERSHAW, J. A., 689 Howe St Seymonr 9674
LATTA. R P., 888 Oore Are.. Seymonr 1039
MAIN PRINTINO CO., 8851 Main St ..Fairmont 1988
MoLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver  >N. Van. 53
MOORE PRINTINO/ CO.. Cor. Qranvllle and Bobion SU Seymour 4548
NEWS-ADVERTISER, hi Pender St ....Seymour 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Bnildini Seymour 9692
PEARCE * HODOSON, 618 Hamilton Street Seymour 3928
ROEDDE, O. A.. 616 Homer Street Seymonr 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Cambie St Seymour 6509
TERMINAL OITT PRESS, 308 Kingaway  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Street  Soymonr 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Hestlngi W , ... .Seymour 8620
TIMMS, A. B., 980 Fourteenth Ave. E    ... .Fairmont 62111
WESTERN PRESS, 898 Cordova W     Seymonr 7666
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dunemulr St Seymour 8626
WHITE * BINDON, 526 Pender Weat Seymour 1314
 Wrlta "Union Label" oa Tear Oopy whan Ton Sand It ta Jht Printer
Premier Hughes Forces the
Conscription Issue in
Turns Judas to Movement
Which Raised Him to
-  [By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. 8. W., Sept. 1.—(Specially written for The Federationist.)—'
Next week I shall be sending you the
full report of an anti-conscription meeting we have just held in Sydney. I attended in company with friends Foxcroft and McEwen. The crowd was a
full 100,000 (that is the estimate by the
conservative press, and it might easily
have been better.) There were but SO
people of this huge crowd in favor of
conscription. On the same day this
huge meeting was held in the biggest
park of Sydney, the I. W. W. party addressed a meeting of over 60,000 people.
Fancy the I; W. W, meeting getting a
crowd of 60,000 to vote down conscription. I tell you the I. W. W. ifiovement
is growing here like lightning since the
war saw many of their leaders gaoled.
They count their enrollments now by
the thousands, and last Sunday I saw a
call for $250 for a comrade in jail. The
boys shot the money in like hail stones,
while three of the enrolling committee
sat at tables* enrolling them aB fast as
they could write. It is somo move'
ment now, to be sure, and is making
the government sit up.
A Second Judas?
Will the leader of Australian Labor
prove a second Judas. Signs show tbat
the workers in Australia are being betrayed by leaders on conscription issue,
In the columns of the Milwaukee
Leader of May 12 last, I stated that
when the Australian prime minister re*
turned to Australia from England, he
would carry in Us coat pocket the draft
bills of military and industrial conscription for enactment in Australia. I also
stated thnt to stave off the wrath of the
Labor party supporters, following the
introduction of conscription, the na*
tional elections in Australia would be
deferred till after the close of the war.
This information was secured exclusively for the leader from a usually
well-informed parliamentarian, who has
every opportunity of learning what are,
to .the outside public, "state secrets.'"
At ,tbis date the public press of Australia is proclaiming the self-same facts as
a '' new discovery, hot from the cabinet
room.'' Immediately the news appeared in the public press, I wrote pointing
ont that if they took the trouble to. scan
the files of the Milwaukee Leader, they
would flnd that the "new discovery"
was known in America a full conple of
months before it was known publicly in
Austrnlin. I stresB this fact to show
the renders of this, journnl that in the
politicnl happenings of Australia, I have
nt my hand the opportunity to get direct ond nccurnto "inside information"
considerably in ndvnnce of the ordinary
Austrnlian public press.
Conscription Coming.
Personally, I don't quite see at this
date how conscription can be prevented
in Australia. I haVe written much on
the mntter, pointing out the Btand organized workers will take when the
matter is being rushed into law. That
they will put up drastic and well-organized opposition is true, but today I
nm able to show readers just how the
double shuffle will be put over the
workers of Australia.
Hughes' Answer.
Today, while the citizens of Australia
are waiting to hear the fatal pronouncement of the prime minister on conscription, the organized workers from one
end to the other in this land are galvanized into activity preparing for the
worst. The position is truly serjous today, and what haa made it worse than
it would have otherwise been, is the
fact that- during the last week or two
the military, acting under orders of the
minister of defence, has raided TradeB
Halls, and Labor newspaper offices and
seized the trade union pamphlets
against conscription. The workers are
again angered because on their sending
a wire of protest to the prime minister,
immediately he landed in Austrnlin from
England, he In turn wired back that he
personally approved of the action of the
military. I have, this fact from a confidential source, and as usual this news
is not official public property as yet.
Smells Like a Sale.
So that was Prime Minister Hughes'
answer to thc industrialists. It must be
remembered that Hughos ia a member
of the moBt militant trndes orgnnization
in Australia—the waterside workers,
which makes inn poBltion all the moro
misunderstood. It is with genuine regret that I Bee in his action something
Phone High. 21        .
Factory 801 Powell
s Ask for
Soft Drinks
Phone Seymonr 181
that smells of selling his fellow union*
istB. ■   • -
v    A Hobo's Uplift.
Hughes owes much to the Labor party
aud the unions. When they saw in him,
over twenty years ago, something out
of the ordinary, and took him into the.
Labor party, he was a '' hobo'' in every
sense of Ihe word. Not that there is
any disgrace in being a "hobo," but I
wish to say what' the workers have done
for him since they took him in hand.
In those days he could be' seen tramping
towna ana hamlets with his clothes the
worse for wear, a bundle of umbrella
sticks over Mb shoulder, and a tinker's
pot in Ris hand. He eked out a miserable . living at mending umbrellas and
repairing tinware, and often did not i
have the price of a loaf of bread in his
pocket. The "hobo", of over twenty
years ago is today the chief man in the
Commonwealth, plus a top hat, morning
coat, and $200 a week. Even in hia
primeval state, workerB took pity on
him and helped the man who was one
day, as prime minister of Australia, to
sell them to the cannon 'a mouth and the
industrial sweat Bhop. One of my personal friends often tells me of the fact
that for two years he acted aa barber to
Hughes because he hnd not the price to
pay for a haircut and shave to the
shopa. But the workers took hold- of
Hughes the hobo, and by a strange process of evolution, made a politician out
of him, placed him flrst in the state parliament of New South Wales, and then
in the national parliament of Auatrnlia,
and from one position to another till he
became prime minister. "Umbrella;
mender to uncrowned king" is perhaps
a more romantic evolution than from
log cabin to white house, but it is true
all'the same.
Somewhat Forgetful.
For what Hughes is today he has to*
thank the workera. They made him
what he ia, placed him beyond all want,
and shot him skywards in the political
arena, while they themselveB remained
in the gutters. And Hughes, the leader
of Australian Labor, is prone to forget
the past, and those who helped him, because the present seems a convenient
time tb do so, and is losing no time to
place the workers, who made him, in the
shackles of industrial servitude. Even
so late aa yesterday, he saya in a public
speech: "The workera of Australia,
loaded with the millstone of debt, will
after thiB .war, have to produce faster
and more intensely than ever. Formerly
we have worked in order that we might
enjoy—in the future we must produce
in order that we may live." In other
words, we have had too good a thing in
the past, and In thc future must work
like hell to pay off the war debt. Can
you wonder, then, that at this date a
huge anti-Hughes and anti-conscription
campaign is to be launched by the work-
era of Australia. It will, I am sorry to
aay, bring to Australia the biggest crisis
in its history—a definite split in the
Labor party beyond all hope of healing.
WiU Be a Split. | *
If the prime minister declares for conscription at once (and he ia to conaider
it with his cabinet within the next few
days), it ia certain he will carry with
him a following of the Labor party parliamentarians. But heads have been
counted and views canvassed, and by
far the largest number of the Labor
parliamentarians in Australia will declare against Mr. Hughes and his conscription policy. Ordinarily there would
be the end of tho matter were it to be
settled by the rules laid down by the'
policy-selection committee of the Labor
organization in Australin, but the policy
of conscription will not be settled by
those,means. And therein lies tho danger. Mr. Hughes, .aa prime minister,
knows that if he puts the matter beforo
tho full membership of the parliamentary party, it ia doomed to defeat, and
bo he proposes to at once throw overboard the democratic principles of his
own party *aa far na receiving consent
for policy-construction goea. And because he will do this, I see nothing else
than a split in Australian Labor, and
the true socialist democracy of Australia will at once renounce Hughes and
start out on a fresh march of its own.
Coalition Imminent.
It will be thought perhaps that the
Hughes conscription clique will (seeing
the breakaway will probably withdraw
70 per cent, of Mb support), be forced
into a minority, and of necessity resign
office. But such will not be the case.
A move in the conscription against true
Labor .will prevent this. Just as tho
Asquith cabinet ia England had to form
a coalition government to carry conscription in that country, ao Hughes in
Australia with his small following of
"Labor" will merge to a coalition with
tho Conservative party in Australia,
and enact conscription here. Drastic
as the happening will be, the fact that
alleged Labor will fuse with Conservatism and Trustism. in a democratic
country like' Australia, shows only too
true how the working class can be sold
into bondage by its own professed leaders.
Want No Dictator.
It is true that the workers huve
sworn vengeance to (he deserters to
true Labor by political annihilation at
tho next election. And this explains
why Hughes haa taken the precaution
to get authority to postpone the elections (which should happen noxt June,
1017, by effluxion of time), till some
time after peace is declared, it is
thought thnt the workers, ob in the past
instances, will ngnin have short memories, nnd time will heal the dbmage done.
But as the official organ of Austrnlirih
Lnbor—The Austrnlian 'Worker—says:
"Nobody knows bettor than Hughes
that Austrnlian Labor will not tolerate
a Mexican dictator, especially ono from
their own ranks." And it is to bc
hoped that Australian Labor will always remember this frank expression.
One Year's Change of Tune,
It is just a year ago that Hughes
stood in his official position in the national parliament nnd made uso of
words thnt are ever memornblo: "In
no circumstanco will I'ever consent to
send men out of this country to fight
against their will." Today wo remind
Hughes of thnt fnct, Hughes knows
in Australia tho Labor movement, of
which he is a member nftor all, is bitterly opposed to conscription, and if the
man whom thc Lnbor movement has
picked from the gutter nnd placed in
power does violence to the brnin and
conscienco of the movement, it will constitute the most sltnmoful betrayal of
trust since Judas Iscariot hung himself.
But believe me, "if by some -strange
fntb," to quote the words of the official
orgnn of Australian Lnbor, "the lender
of Austriiinn Lnbor does force conscription in Australin, then Lnbor in nil
its organized strength, will simply wipo
its foot upon his foul and hideous betrayal nnd still go marching proudly
How to Show Appreciation
of Officers' Work By
Construction Camp Ethics
Invade the Street Car
OUB BUSINESS AGENT, W. H. Cottrell, is receiving many congratulations for the manner in which he handled the affairs of the division during
the recent controversy. Harry says he
wanta no thanka for his work, but if the
boys appreciate the efforts of the officers they can easily show their appreciation by attending the meetings and
co-operating with the officers in the future. Do not drop back into' the rut
agyin. Make an effort to attend a meeting at leaat once a month. Don't imagine that when ydu take out a card you,
have, done your bit. Attend the meetings 'and be a union man instead of a
card man.
Have Ljttl? Hope.
Bro. Bryan has been elected aa the
delegate to the Trades and Xabor Con/
greas. No doubt Joe will render a1 good
account of himself, although he will be
up against some strong opposition. Our
resolution, calling for the repeal of the
"Lemon Act," will no doubt hold the
delegatea for a while. If we are correctly informed that J. H. McVety is
chairman of the resolutions committee,
we haven't much to hope for in that
direction unless Mac. has changed Ms
mind since the last convention.
A Chance to Boost, -
However, Bro. Byron will have a
chance to boost for the Vancouver
Labor Temple if that proposition is
favorably considered by the Congress.
Having a seat on the board of directors
of the Labor Temple company, Joe will
be in a position to talk Intelligently on
the subject. We sincerely hope, that the
Congress will give this matter their
deepest consideration, as the saving of
this building to organised labor will
mean much to the movement in the
years to come.
All Same Construction Camp.
, Our job is getting to be like the construction campB theae days. Three gangs
—one on the job, one coming and one
going. Men are still breaking in and
others are quitting. Not to mention the
lucky ones that get flred.
The letter from Bro. Barker and the
anawer that appeared in The Federationist two weeks ago, was the cause
of considerable discussion at our last
nieeting. For the benefit of those who
think otherwise, we would like to say
that your correspondent was also interested in the matter and submitted his
opinion on the aubject laBt week, but
this pnrt was deleted when the paper
waa printed. -Sowever, the editor being
willing and with space to spare there ia
no reason why it cannot appear in this
"Bullpen" Gossip.:
Nothing too good for Bro. MeArthur.
In starting a poultry ranch, Mac. believes in having the vory best of stock,
so he took a hike out to Jack Barclay's
place and came away with a fine pedigreed rooster. We havo no kick about
that. All we hope is thnt Bro. Bnrclny
does business on a strictly cash basis.
Bro. Hacking's Physical .Terks association is doing busineas twice weekly
in the Prior streot building. No doubt
some brothers will fin« time to attend
twice weekly who haven't timo to attend a union meeting once a month.
Lack of space prevents telling of the
adventures of three brothers Beeking a
change of scenery over Capilano way.
(It certninly is worth telling, 'but we
enn'ttget tho apace this weok.) However, it goes something like this: Brothers Hitcben. Poole nnd Cade, taking nd-
vnntage of the good weather, went over
to Capilano for an outing. Tho outing
wos there alright; you could smell it, on
Jack Poole's clotheB. Ono of the trio
was lowering the baggage down to tho
other two whon the string broke. Tim
snys they managed to save n couplo of
hottlos, but it cast n gloom over the
party for the rest, of the dny, nnd to
make matters worse, all Teddy Hitchen
could think of to whistle was the air
of that very appropriate song: "How
Dry I Am." J. E. O.
"Tho man who extracts the full mens-
nro of joy out of lifo is the one who always gives more thnn he. expects; sometimes spends moro thnn he enn afford,
and occasionally loves more thnn iB
Allied Printing Trades.
The 1917 convention of the Northwestern Typographical conference will
be held in Evorett, Wash., following thc
meeting of the Washington Stato Federation of Labor, next January. The
Northwest conference of I. P, P, & A.
V. and the Northwest Printing Trades
conference will also meet in Everett at
the samo time we do.
Send in the news! Every union in
the city and province should have a
proBa correspondent. Vou want news
of your union to appear in your paper.
Then aee thnt someone Ib especially appointed to send it in. And see that it.
roaches this office on time. All local
news must' bo in not later than Thuraday morning, if it Is to appear the same
week. Address all news mntter to Editor B. C. Federationist, Labor Templo,
Vancouvor, B. C. *••
Refined Service
One Blook weat of Court House.
Uaa of Modern  Ch.p.1  md
Funeral  Parlor,   free   to  all
Telephone Seymour 2425
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1084 Oranvllle St., Phone Si*y. lilt.
North Vanoouver — Office and
Chanel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
Large, Modern 12,000 ton Steameri,—currying Cabin and Third Claaa onlj
S.S. "Northland". October 14th
S.S. "Southland" L —. Oceober 28th
SS. "Canada" i.— 1 November 4th
Cabin Bates, 180.00 sad IM.00 and up; Olid claas, »3S.75
"Ooi«lsb«sii," Oct 80th       "WeMuun," Oct. 88th
,   "    To Avonmoath. \
For -further information, apply to Company'a offlee, UB Seeond Ave,
Seattle, A. B. Disney, Agent; or local rail and steamship, agents. '
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Oars is a Sanitary Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every modern facility for handling milk. All
bottles and utensils are thoroughly sterilised before being used, Tke
milk comes from the Fraser Biver valley.
Union Delivered Milk for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Offlce: 005 Twenty-fourth Avenne East. TeL Fairmont 1687
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it Or watch
for our drivers.
Milk Fresh from the Ranch to the Consumer
M. McNATB, Prop.       '  v
Parity snd Cleanliness Guaranteed     Delivered is sterilized bottles daily
Are your teeth
in good order ?
ABE your teeth efficientf Have you your full equipment of thirty-
two teeth in good working order f Each one of them is important,
and you cannot afford to do without a Bingle one of them—-your health
and efficiency depend on your teeth being able to perform their function
completely.        PERMANENT CROWNS and BRIDGES
Beauty of expression as well as full efficiency restored—made to fit the
face—heavily cast in solid gold, with Medal of Honor Teeth.
$4. per tooth
Consultations and examinations free.
Telephone Seymonr 3331.  . *
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings, 7 to 8.
Office closed Saturday afternoon.
StSTJSS;   Dr. Brett Anderson
known  to  dental 0rown *»d Bridge Specialist
science.        ' 002 HASTINOS STBEET, COB, SETMOUB
Industrial Purposes
Every factory that has heating to be done can not
afford to do it otherwise than by gas
Our new Business Department is maintained for advising manufacturers as to the
most advantageous way to operate their
Do not hesitate to call on the manager of
this department for advice.
Carrall and Hastings        Phone Seymour
1138 Granville Near Davie     5000 PAGE ?OUR
FBIDAY...... SEPTEMBEB 23, 1916
a Bargain
—Exceptionally fine Shoes for fall and winter wear; ideal Boots for men
and boys desiring a stout boot that will stand hard usage; made of Bolid
leather through and through, with uppers of oil tan leather. Made
blucher style, with toe cap, doublo soles.
A great bargain, per pair $0«t/t)
WBudson'sBa^Compaiu). j$t
ti_____s  iota     at*Mm t saamSmt. ttaatt eai-Hittitata ' ^gy J
Granville and Georgia Streets
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of tbis stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp' are
alwayB Non-Union. ,
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. R Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
South Vancouver Night Classses
Session 1916-1917      Opens on Monday, O.tober 2,1916
PROVIDED a sufficient number of Pupils enrol, the following subjects will be taught:
Agriculture, Book-keeping and Arithmetic, Carpentry and Building
Construction, Domestic Science, Dressmaking, Millinery, Shorthand and
Time 7.30 to 9.30 p.m.   Each Subject twice weekly.
A fee of three dollars will be charged each pupil. This will be returned, after the close of the session, if 75% of possible attendances,
(reckoned from date of opening of class) are made in every class in which
the student has enrolled. If less than 75%, in either class, the fee will
be forfeited. This fee permits a student to attend aB many classes as
can be arranged.
The number of centres will depend on the number of students. If
only one class in each subject all classes will attend one centre. If more
than sufficient for one class in a subject, more centres will be opened.
Enrolment may be made at either publie school on or before September 22.
Information regarding subjects courses, etc., may be obtained from
the School Board offices, Cedar Cottage, up to date of opening—after,
from the Class Instructors.       i By order of
Pure Food
—Conform to all the requirements of the Dominion
Act of Parliament referring
to Pure Foods.
Nabob Coffee—NsbobTea
Nabob Baking Powder, Nabob Extracts, Nabob, Spices,
Nabob Lemonade, Nabob
Pure Halt Vinegar ore but
a few of this excellent Pure
Food family.
Each and all are worthy
a place in any family.
Established 1904
The Pickling
Pure Vinegar is essential with
which to make good pickles.
Our Vinegar manufactured nn
led government supervision..
New season Is Apple Cider will
be ready Sept. 15 at our branch
factory, Vernon, B.. C.
Also new B. C. Sauerkraut, made
from Lulu Island finest cabbage.
Vinegar Works
1365-7 Powell St. Vancouver, B.O.
and Vernon, B. 0.
Telephone at Vancouver,
High. 286
Phone Seymour 4490
Federation Formed to Fight
the Compensation Act
of Province
Head of B. C. Federation of
Labor Sounds Note of
[By Jas. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor)
THE WORKERS were warned somo
time ago, through the columns of
The Federationist, that although the B.
C. Compensation Act had been passed
and tho insuranco companies excluded
from the field, that the companies had
by no means ceased their activities, and
would do everything in their power to
again secure the casualty business.
Form a Federation.
The firBt step was tho organization of
un association, including the nineteen
casualty companies operating in the province and following this a federation of
all the different insurance interests. The
writer has endeavored to keep in touch
with the work of these organizations,
insofar as it would, affect the Workmen's Compensation Act, and in proof
of the statement that everything possible will be done to destroy the state insurance feature of the act, submits the
following letter, which is to a large extent self explanatory:
Secretary's Office, 708-9 London Bldg.
Labor Temple Press    Vaneoaver, B. 0.
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Vancouver, B. C, Sepfc 11, 1916.
To the Insurance Agents
of British Columbia:
To a have po doubt read and heard a
great deal relative to the Workmen's
Compensation Act, which the Conservative government placed on the statutes
recently. This act, in so far as tho
compensntion features are concerned, is
an excellent one for the working man,
in fact it U a necessary one, and we approve of the measure generally, with
the exception of the monopolistic administration features.
Are you aware that the government
refuses to allow the insurance companies to underwrite the scheme 1 If not,
you will be interested to know the reason why:
When the insurance companies asked
the government to allow them to under*
write the risk,.they were told that they
had been making too much money, and
that they (the government), proposed
to do the work through a board without
profit. When the insurance companies
asked to be allowed to compete against
the government scheme, they were told
there was not room for two.
In order to carry out this scheme, the
government will hnvo to employ a large
staff. They will have to have a sinking
fund, and have already guaranteed somo
$00,000 iof public monies towards the
cost, of administration, and apart from
this'they will have absolute control-fif a
fund made up by assessments from employers of labor, of possibly $2t000,000
a year, and here you have the real reason why the government want to shut
out the insurance companies.
1, The large staff, meaning positions
for numerous friends of the party.
2. The handling of a large sum of
money which can be used for political
purposes. (The money will all go into
the provincial treasury.)
A state-administered compensation
act may be feasible and workable in
large states and provinces, but it is unsound in British Columbia, and we give
you tfiree reasons of the principal reasons why:
(a) The limited number of industries.
(b) The catastrophe hazard, i. e.,
the mining and lumbering industries.
(c) The heavy cost of administration, owing to the large area, and the
sparsely populated districts.
This legislation, which please remember, is already on the statutes, affects
all insurance men seriously. It will not
only take away part of yonr living, but
it will impose a tax on you in order that
the government may Create positions for
itB friends, and the plea that.it will be
a saving to the community is all "bunkum."
The coming electionfwill give you an
opportunity of showing your protest
against the actions of the government,
but you will naturally ask: "What have
we to hopo from the opposition!" Ab
to this, we would say that while they
are pledged to a compensation act, the
genoral opinion of tho opposition candidates is that they do not see the necessity for excluding the insurance companies in order to properly carry out a
compensation Bchome, and point' to
Groat Britain's actions in this connection as their authority.
Last, but not least, if you do not
show your protest, but quietly sit bnck
nnd submit to the action of the government, then you may readily look for
them to cntor into other lines of stato
administered insurance, as has already
been intimated by some of tho present
Tours truly,
(Signed)        H. F. RODEN,
"Foreign Agitators" interfere.
Aside from drawing attention to the
extremoly bad taste of Mr. Eoden and a
number of other non-citizens interfering
in British Columbia affairs, the writer
has nothing to sny on the political side
of the document. Tho insurance interests Havo the same rights as others to
protect their business aB best they can,
but might at lenst secure tho signature
of a citizen for their appeals.
Misstatements Corrected.
An attempt is made to create tho impression that a large staff will be required to administer tho new act, but
common sense will show that one state
administered fund will require Iosb staff
than nineteen separate companies competing for business, and employing
agents and canvassers who receive 26
per cent, of every dollar paid by the
employer in premiums for securing the
The claim is also mnde that because
the money collected from the industries
is paid into the provincial treasury that
it can or will be used for political pur-
Unusual Values
The flannelette stock has
never been quite so replete
as it is now, and the values were never more interesting. If you require
Flannelette now, or if you
ean anticipate future
needs, make it a point to
come and inspect the new
assortments. You will appreciate the splendid
value presented in all
White Flannelettes
Special ioc per yard, 28
inches wide, White Plan-
nelettc,;.heavy quality and
free from dressing.
Special 17y2c per yard, 28
inches wide, White Twill
Flannelette, beautiful, soft
quality, free from dressing.
Stripe Flannelettes
Special 17%c per yard, 31
inches wide; heavy quality, shown in a large variety of desirable stripe designs.
Special 25c per yard, 36
inches wide, beautiful,
soft quality, choice designs in pinks, blues,
greens and helio, with
, white stripe.
ON NOV. 13
Official "Call" Received This
Week By the Affiliated
Local Unions
Many  Important  Subjects
Affecting Labor to Be
Taken Up
Stanfield's Winter Under-
wear Is Here for Men
575 Granville ,<Phone Sey .3540
poses. Surely the provincial treasury is
as safe a custodian as the inaurance
companies, with head offices in other
countries, and who have no tangible assets within the province! . As to the
contention that the money will be used
for political purposes, I suggest thnt
the writer of the document was possibly
more familiar with tho practice in the
land of bis nativity, and that it is the
height of impudence to charge any public officer here with what- amounts to
misappropriation of trust funds until it
can be shown that the money hns been
so mis-applied.
Act "Not Feasible" in B. O.
It is stated that "a state administe-
ed compensation act is unsound in this
province, for the reasons that the industries are limited—on account of the
catastrophe hazard of the mining and
lumbering industries, and that the cost
of administration will be high because
of the large area and sparsely populated
Ab to the number of industries. There
are about the same as the two states im
mediately to the south, and the number
of workers covered is very close to the
number under the act in Oregon, where
the act has been giving good satisfaction. The catastrophe hazard is only a
factor in coal mining, and the same provision can bo made for It by the state
board aB by the insurance companies.
There is no catastrophe hazard in either
the lumbering or .metalliferous mining
industries, and if there were it could
be taken care of in the same manner
as the coal mining hazard1. The cost of
administration has been mentioned, and
that is the poorest ground the insurance
companies can choose, oecause the
cheapest administration cost any insurance company has been able to show is
3D per cent,, meaning that every dollar
collected from the employer is eut down
to 60 cents before a single eent is paid
to workmen for compensation. Many
of the companies show a cost of 50 and
60 per cent. Compared with the cost of
Btate-administered funds, which range
from 7 and a fraction cents in JVnBhing-
ton, as an nvernge for five years' operation, to 1? and 13 per cent, where the
insurance compnnies nre allowed to compete for the business, the insurance
companies do not show up to advantage,
for be it remembered that with any
given scale of compensation, the difference betwoon the two costs of administration ia tho nmount thnt is being kept
in the industry instead of being sent to
foreign countries in the form of dividends and overhend expenses.
Mr Brewster's Views,   .
Having kept as closely in touch with
tho activities of the companies as possible, and hearing that efforts were being
made to pledge candidates for the legislature to amend the act to permit tho
insurnnce compnnies to compote againBt
thc state fund, the writer asked the secretary of Federation to write Mr. Brewster, and ascertain his views on tho subject. His reply is a fair and square
answer to the hopes of the insurance interests, and for the information of the
workers, is subjoined:
Nelson, B. C„ Aug. 18, 1916,
Christian Sivertz, Esq.,
Acting Secretary-treasurer,
B. C. Federation of Labor,
Victoria, B. O. *
Dear Sivertz,—Re Workmen's Compensation Act. Tours of Aug. 1 hns followed mo around the country, ns is evi
'denced by the enclosed envelope.
It Tcachod mo yesterday afternoon,
and I hasten to reply, as it is beyond
my comprehension where you could
learn through the preBB or from any
other source, that my attitudo in this
matter could in any manner be construed as favoring the principle of permitting privato   insurance   companies to
Going Away
THE OFFICIAL ."call" for tho 36th
annual convontion of the American
Federation of Labor hns reached Vancouver unions. Tho 1917 convention
will ho held ut Baltimore, Md., beginning Monday, Nov. 13. The "call,"
signed by President J3amuel Gompers
and Secretary Frank Korlson, and the
other nine members of the executive
council, says:
"It is, of course, entirely unnecessary
•bere to enumerate all the important subjects with which our forthcoming convention will concern itself, but the reminder is not at all amiss that every
effort must be made to bronden the field
and means for the organization of the
yet unorganized workera, to strive to
bring about more effectually than ever
a better day in the lives and homes of
the toilors, to defend and maintain by
every honorable meanB in our power the
right to recognize for our common defense and advancement, for the exercise
of our normal and constitutional activities to protect and promote the rights
and interests of the workers; and to assert at nny risk the freedom of speech
and of the press and the equal rights
before the law 'of every worker with
every other citizen; to aid our fellow-
workers against the effort now being
made by Labor's enemies to entangle
the workera in the raesnea of litigation
before the courts in the several states;
to arouBe our fellow-workers and fellow-
citizens to the danger which threatens
to curb or take away their guaranteed
rights and freedom; the tremendous
conflict now being waged in Europe and
its possible consequences and results,
not only upon the people of European
countries but upon the people of America, as well sb on the whole civilized
world, must of necessity receive the
deepest solicitous consideration of the
working poople of America. How and
what further action can be taken by
the American labor movement to. help
bring about an early peace among the
warring nations of Europe. How that
peace can be secured with the establishment and maintenance of justice, freedom and brotherhood the world over.
These and other great questions of equal
importance will, of necessity, occupy
the attention of the Baltimore convention. Therefore the importance of our
movement, the duty of the hour and for
the future, demand that every organization entitled to representation shall send
its full quota of delegates to the Baltimore convention, November 13,1916.''
Oalgary Strike Settled.
Secretary D. S. Lyons of the Machinists' union at Calgary adviBeB The,-Federationist that the strike of the employeea of the Buckeye Machine Co. hns
been satisfactorily settled and tho strik
era have returned to work.
Men going to the prairies or anywhere else where they are
apt to want warm underwear will be glad to know that we have
our entire Winter Btock just in and that they can take their
favorite brand away with them.
Yes; we have your kind—"Blue Label," "Black Label,"
"Red Label," and the smoother kinds.
We are right on the price, because we buy more Stanfield's
than any store in Vancouver, consequently our values must be
Y'iaht —Main Moor, Bast Wing.
David Spencer Limited
(Continued from Page 1.)
MMta Ntxt Sunday—Members ln Politics—"Pat" Pettipiece Enlists.
Vancouver Typographical union, No
-16, will meet next Sunday at 2 p.m.
sharp, for tho transaction of business
accumulated during the month of September. President W. H. Youhill, who
is again on active service on Vancouver
island, is expected to be present. Every
member Bhould be present. ,
Quito a number of tho members of
nows chapels have been away during
the past week or two on Ashing expeditions, with all the consequences and
stories usually following such past-
Vice-president W. B. Trotter and J.
E. Wilton are receiving tho congratula*
tions of their many friends upon the
splendid vote they polled in the general
elections last weok.
Still another member of No. 220 has
enlisted fnr overseas service. This time
it is Clarke W. ("Pat") Pettipiece,
oldest son of B. P. who "signed nn"
this week with the motor evelo section
of tho lOlith Western University battalion. He expects to loavo about'the end
of the month for England, with a viow
to transferring to the Boyal Aviation
that will drive them to desperation.
Overtime will cease. Production of
munitions will slow up. Unemployment
will prevail, and tho increased cost of
these things that are necessary in 'order
to maintain life will bring about conditions that must surely open the eyes of
the workers to the necessity for a
change—a chango not of governmont,
but a change of tho social systom that
brings in its train ever-increasing misery and suffering to tho dispossessed.
How Will Canada Fare?
"Will these conditions nffect thc
workers in Canada? Aye, will theyj
Por the eddies of capitalism muat
spread to its furthermost edge. Bad
conditions will force the workors
of tbe European countries to emigrate.
Heavy taxation will force capital 'to
seek pastures now. Canada will receive
itB share of both, and th» problems of
the old lands will be transferred to this
and other countries. And, us the systom is developed to tho extent of Britain, Germany and the United States in
capitalist production, so will tho problems that faco the workers in the older
lands develop in those newer countries.
"Shall we have to go through the
straggles of the older lands, both ns to
industrial organizations, and the groping in political ignoroncef Or shall wo,
in this country, place our industrial organisations on radical and class-conscious lines, and found our political ideas
on sound and scientific foundations.
Should Proflt By Experience.
"Surely, with the oxporienco gained
by our fellows in those countries thnt
havo in the past struggled in 'darkness,
wo shall profit by their oxperienco, plnco
pur houso in order, both politically and
industrially, and bring nearer the day
when the horrors of war shall not darken the lives of the people, nnd the industrial slnvery so essential to capitalism shall cease.
"Thoso who havo desired a 'Labor
pnrty in this country should view with
somo misgivings the results of tho Labor
party In the Old Lund, for It does not
givo vory bright prospects for any expectations of greater things, if established in this country. Like Liboral
parties, and Conservative parties, thoy
are full of promises which nro never
ronlizod, and tho position of tho workors
becomes worse instoad of bettor, oven
though lured by visions, tinsed upon perverted views, given out by blind lead*
ors of the blind—blind to tho system
thnt exploits, and its composition based
upon slnvery of the many that the fow
may profit."
operate under the "Workmen's Compensation Act."
As a matter of fact tho principle so
strongly endorsed by our pnrty would
bo entirely destroyed if the Btate insurance provisions wore thus nullified, and
I shnll appreciate very much a donial
boing made by you to any such statement, which is entirely without foundation.   Yours sincerely,
(Signed)*      H. C, BREWSTER.
W. H. B., Ducks.
SUNDAY, Sept. 24—Typographical Union.
MONDAY, Sept. 25—Amalgamated Engineers, Electrical Work*
ers, No. 213, Patternmnkers,
Street Rallwaymen's Executive
TUESDAY,   Sept.   26—Barbers,' *
Bro. Locomotive Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 27—Press
Feeders Com., Street Railway-
THURSDAY, Sopt. 28—Machinists, Milk Wagon Drivers.
FRIDAY, Sept. 29—Civic Employees.
After a Few Weeks in Old Country, B.
C. F. of L. Secretary Ib Back.
A. S. Wolls, secretary-treasurer of thc
B. C. Federation of Labor, is in Vancouver this weok, spending a good doal
of his time in conference with local
Lnbor Temple officials. Ho has just re
turned from Manchester, England
where ho attended a six weeks' session
of tho sextennial convention of the
genoral council of thc Amalgamated Society of Carpenters aad Joiners ns the
Canadian representative. Mr. Wolls
took advantage of the opportunity while
returning to visit various locals in the
prairie provinces in thc interests of tbe
Luge Numb.ero of Pre-emptors Are
Going Into the Interior.
Since Monday last no less than thirty-
five persons have arranged to tako up
land nlong the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway. Yesterday moro arrived to
make arrangements for going into the
interior and according to tho statements
of Commissioner Williamson, who has
oharge of this department, which is a
new ono ln connection with the railway's operations, ho is in daily roeelpt
of letters asking for particulars on this
mntter. The majority of theso people
nre taking a quarter section of land,
which is stated to be of splendid quality
for tho growing of fruits nnd vegetables. So fnr, most of them havo located on Horse I.oko ond Decker Lake,
which aro about 35 miles north of Clinton. All thoso who havo made application for lands are from Vnncouvor, but
Mr. Williamson expects thnt quite a
largo number will como from south of
the boundary lino in the near future.
Brotherhood of Bookbinders.
To organized labor,* greeting: Very
attractive advertisements are appearing
in tho principal magazines of the conn-
try, offoring liberal inducements nnd
easy terms in order to push tho sales of
tho "Handy Volume" issuo of the Encyclopedia Brltannica. Tho purpose of
this* letter is to cnll attention to the
non-union conditions undor which the
work is produced. The printing and
binding of tho "Handy Volumo" isBuo
of the Encyclopedia Brltannica is done
by the R. R. Donclloy Si Sons Co. of
Chicago, and the J. F. Taploy Book
Manufacturing Co. of New York. Both
of these concerns havo boon opposed to
tho printing trados unions since the inauguration of the eight-hour work dny
in tho printing industry, and have been
and aro now operating non-union establishments in all branches of tho printing
The low in its majestic equality forbids the rich as woll as the poor to
sleep under bridges, to beg on the
streets and to steal broad.—Anatole
Wages is to tho workmnn what hay,
oats and stable is to the workhorse,
Tho equine slave gets his ents, etc., at
first hnnds, whilo the human slave buys
his with hiB wages. The one is free aB
tho othor. Though the latter has the
fmachise, by the exercise of which ho
might do something towards effecting
his escape from slavery, tho former
seems to have the best of it becaase of
his greater security in tho matter of
creature comforts. He has a steady job,
and is never compelled to strike for a
living wage.-*
If you are interested
in securing a free 160-
acre homestead along
the new P. G. E. Railway, in the fertile valleys of Northern British
Columbia write for particulars to DRAWER 3,
c|o Federationist, Room
217, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
VnsquUed VsncUvlU. Mains
t:tt. T.oo. S:IS    Snion's Prices:
Me;  Bvenlais,  16s,  sic
tfeDomon wbc
acco. i
Delivered to uy put of the dty.
Furniture and Pianos
Moved or Stored
at reasonable rates.
Phones Seymoar 405, 60S.  Night
and Sunday calls, Sey. 3589.
Great Northern Transfer Co.
(McNeill, Weloh A Wllion, Ltd.)
80 Pander St. W„ Vancouver, B.C.
For school boys and girls are the mtat
logical footwear It la possible for parents to
The style la there—the Ht la there—the
comfort Is tbere—and for heaping good measure, there Is the wear.
"LEOKIE" makes a school boot that is
Just ahout perfection.
The same honest workmanship—the samo
honest materials which have made thoir
Men's Boot famous.
Talk to your shoo dealer—ask to see the
"LEOKIE" and look for the name on every


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