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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 23, 1916

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(In Vu«ram\
Oltr MOO /
$1.50 PER YEAR
John Bull Great Champion
of Weak Against the
Equally Efficient as Warrior
Or As An Account
"Thero was quite a long list of
judgment debtors, who appeared before Judge yesterday oa sum-
monses. The majority expressed a
desire to pay off what they owed.
One young man said he wns keeping n wife und family on a salary
of $45 per month. He offered to
pay $2 per month on the judgment
ngninst him, nnd even the plaintiff's lawyer thought this would be
a liberal payment for a man so situated. Another man getting $12 per
week promised to pay $5 per month,
although he too had dependent^."
—Duily presB item.     '
IT IS the pro'ad bonst of the average
Briton of our time that the British
Empire is the greatest in all hisfory,
The sun is said to never set upon thnt
empire, and its "morning drum-beat
rolls round the earth." That would in
dicate some empire, so to speak. Alsi
we are not unmindful of tlie fact thai
this great umpire is even now putting
forth all of its great strength on behalf
of the* small and the weak nations of
the earth, as against the brutal aggres^
sions of the unscrupulous und powerful,
Also that this magnificent empire has
set itself the splendid task of defending
liberty and democrucy against the assaults' of unbridled autocracy and mili-
• tnrisin most dangerous and damnable.
At least that is the way it is put up to
us by the daily advertisers of British
worth and British glory.
And it is but fnir to say that this all
tends to duly impress the average person with a feeling of boastful satisfaction over the proud privilege of living
and, perchance, dying otherwise than by
starvation, 'neuth the folds of the
"Union Jack." There is much also said
about British tradition, British dignity
und British idents, all of which is, no
doubt, very line. But there is probably
more noise and blow made about British
institutions than anything else, unless
it is bluff and bluster about "British
justice" nnd "British fnir play."
Ideal Infamies.
To he who has read aught of British
history, outside of that which has been
written for the purpose of covering up
the rascality and brutalities of niters
and making their veninlities and peccadillos appear as commendable virtues,
most of this boast, and blow, and bluff,
will pass for whnt it is really worth as
comic opera stuff of the character so
skilfully woven into "Pinafore" and
other Gilbert and Sullivan productions.
To read the works of Charles Rcade, or
Pickens is to gain a valuable insight
into at least some of the most onfeicnt
nnd long-cherished of British institutions—for instance, the mnd-house, the
work-house, the debtor's prison and
kindred paternal elemosynary crentioiiB.
As a resiilt of popular clamor, following
the expose of these nncient nnd venerated institutions mid the uncovering of
the festive and humorous practices indulged in nt the expense of the inmates,
considerable modification was made in
the methods of operating them. Som'e
of the grosser nbuses were nbolished,
and numerouH reforms introduced, but
even yet, if report be true, these institutions cannot be classed as ideal, except ns infamies.
- From Pride to Disgust.
The very coateinplutiou of the mightiest of empires going boldly forth us the
champion of the weak against the
strong, or posing as a veritable palladium of liberty nnd democracy, is quite
enough to cause the heart to swell with
pride. But to drop into the smnll debts
court and witness the same forces of
empire engnged in the contemptible
task of petty debt collector for tinhorn merchants nnd cockroach tradesmen, iH to turn such pride into pronounced disgust. It is evident that the
margin between the dignity of empire
and the low-down infamy of bullying
and heckling impecuuiouH wnge sieves
into tho payment of petty bills that
their very necessities hnve forced them
to contract, is a very narrow one to say
the least.
Penalty Enough.
It would seem that when men nre
vouchsafed the glorious privilego of
drawing down the magnificent gum of
$45 per month, or $12 per week, as thc
case may be, upon which to keep a family, they might be spared the humiliation of being publicly blue-papered,
bully-ragged, brow-beaten and bMll-doz-
od because these splendid sums had
proven inadequate tu meet their most
pressing needs. The penalty of such
miserable wages ought to be quito
enough to pay for the proud privilege
of being a subject of the empire, without being heckled and tormented by
legalized pests and nose-poking nuisances.
A Splendid Institution,
The smnll debts court is one of those
British institutions secured to us, no
dc/jbt, through the splendid struggles
of our ancestors. ForhapB it iB to be
classed among those popular liberties
of which wc are so proud and which
nre to be preserved to us through the
( empire's shcccbb in the present war. It
it nevertheless nn infnm). It is one of
those infamies incidental to human slavery. It is one of the lowest and meanest contrivances over deviBcd in the interest of petty chicanery, because it
mnkos as its target the poorest, the
wenkest and most defenceless of all tho
victims of ruling class tyrnany and exploitation. An empire^ either great' or
small, using its powers for tho ennobling purpose of squeezing petty drops of
b'ood out of human beings already Tiled
to exhaustion, is n sight for thc gods, i.
a., tho bourgeois gods.
The reception given the "appeal" of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, on behalf of
one of their members, "an ex-
mayor of Kamloops," by the organized labor movement of the
province, should bo entirely satisfactory to the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canudn, the B. C.
Federation of Labor, District 6
of the Western Federation of
Miners und other organizations
which have endorsed J. H. McVety for the position of Labor's
representative on the Workmen's
Compensation commission of
three. Division No. 101 Street
Railway Employees' union, the
Electrical Workers and others
have promptly flled the communi-
cntion. Others, including the
Longshoremen, have went furthor
and re-endorsed Mr. McVety, the
nominee of the organizations mentioned above. The remaining
unions willknow what to do when
they meet and the Brotherhood
circilur is up for consideration.
Rich Returns from British
Planting in China
in 1840
How Sinners Are Made Good
By Means of a Legal
WALK INTO Magistrate
South's court almost any
day and you will see the
dock lined with emaciated-looking
Chinese, charged with either being
keepers of opium joints or being
caught smoking in one of them
lu fact the daily papers boast of
the amount collected in fines for
these offences, last Friday netting
the tidy sum of *$700.
As far as the keepers are concerned, there are no outstanding
features that differentiate them
from others engaged in selling
merchandise for gain. But to sec
the poor devils sentenced to pay
$25 fine, or in default two months
in jail for merely smoking opium,
brings to mind some beautiful
monuments in Happy Valley cemetery, Hong Kong, erected to the
memory of soldiers and sailors
killed in the war of 1840, when thc
British declared war on China because of the refusal of the Chinese
authorities to permit a continuance of thc opium traffic in China.
Forced Upon China.
This traflic, prior to 1834, wob a monopoly of the East India company., whon
it was extended greatly through other
traders being allowed to cngnge in the
trade. Tho Chinese governmont protested time after time without avail,
and finally seized 20,.'t8.'t chests of tho
drug and destroyed it. At this time
the only open ports in China were Canton and Maceo, and nil the opium went
through these ports, which explains, in
a large measure, why the curse is so
prevalent here, most of the Chinese inhabitants being Cantonese.
The"war of 1840 resulted in the capture of Chuscn, Bogue Forts, Ningpo
and Anioy, and resulted in a one-sided
trenty, in which the Chinese wero
forced to allow the continuance of the
traffic—to open tho ports of Canton,
Amoy, Foochow, Ningpo nnd Slmnghni
to the British—to pay for tho opium
destroyed, nnd an indemnity of four
nnd one-hnlf million pounds sterling to
reimburse England for the expenses of
tho war.
Attempt to Curb Use of Drug.
Nothing further was done until a few
years ago, an international conference
wus held at Shanghai, Mackenzie King
representing Canada. Some arrangement was made nnd the Canadian pnr-
linment passed the Opium Act, making
it an offence to oithcr Bmnko or havo
the drug in possession.
Considering the origin of the diseaso
among the Chinese, there is nothing to
be proud of in the remedy being used
to attempt a remedy in Cnnada. Why
should men who hnve acquired this
habit be arreBted and fined for the
effects of a traffic forced upon themf
Need Oovernment Dispensary.
The proper course for Canada is to open
a dispensary, under government control
nnd to sell the drug to thoso who ore
found to be addicted to the habit, nnd
in that way gradually stamp out the
disease. At thc same time, it should be
made an offence, punishable only by imprisonment, to hnve the opium in possession in saleable Quantities, and tbis
would result in preventing thc extension
of the hnbit to tho younger Chinese nnd
white population. J. H. M.
,   *
Brazenly Defied Federal Government Board Award—Refuse to Permit Union Men oh
Premises—Employ Enemy "Aliens"—Ignore Kelly Truck Act By Forcing Employees to Deal at "Company" Store — Inspector Does Not Inspect
VIOLATION OF THE! LAW is not an uncommon tiling in British Columbia, but the flagrancy, utter
disregard and contempt with which thc Britannia .Mines management treat the Eight-hour Day
Act, for metalliferous miners, and also the Kelly Truck Act, has become so atrocious that words
fail to convey the meaning of it all. And as if this were not enough to try the patience of even the ox-
like forbearance of wage-workers who have insufficient gumption to organize, the newly-appointed minister of mines, Mr. Lome Campbell, or his subordinates- let the company get away with it. The 1200 employees of Ihe Britannia ^lines have been forced to surrender the right ta organize. They are afraid to
call their souls their own. They arc compelled to put up with conditions that would make the negro slave
of old chuckle to get away from. All this and more is gospel truth'. The Federationist herewith serves
notice on the management that organized labor, on the outside of- this inodetm plantation, proposes to
take, a hand in the game. If Mine Inspector Newton cannot or will not do his plain duty, and enforce
the provisions of the laws enacted to protect miners, then the organized miners of Rossland will be asked
to find out from Mr. Campbell just why such is the case. The Britannia gang has pulled off a bunch of
raw stuff during the past few years. But the breaking point has been reached, and there will be something doing between now and election day.
Ignored Oovernment Award.        ♦- — — ♦
A little more than two yenrs ago
the miners at Britannia mine were
organized. Soon thc company refused
to permit the miners' union secretury,
Mr. Webb, now away fighting for
them, to Innd on the property—all
owned by the compnny, from streets
to bscIiooIs. The miners applied for a
federal arbitration board. The award
was in favor of the miners. But the
company, in effect, told the federal
government to go to hell—they would
run the mines to suit themselveB.
And they havo done so from thnt dny
to this. The unions miners, over 500
strong, wnlked out in protest. They
were driven from the plnntution and
kept nwny. Today a union man dure
not put a foot on the company landing. A private poliecmun at thc
wharf attends to that.
Enemy "Aliens" Employed.
After the strike was broken, nothing but "bolninks," mostly of the
Austrian variety, (now Ser'jinns) or
men- who could be trusted to keep
away from unions, were employed.
Today there are nearly 1200 men in
all employed, outside and inside the
workings. A considerable number of
the outside employees are Orientals.
The majority of the miners are enemy
"aliens" aud it is no wonder there is
no room for recruiting sergeants at
that point on Howe Sound. Every
citizen of British Columbia who enlists for overseas servico can have the
questionable satisfaction of knowing
thut they are mnking a place for another "nlien." It is snid that not
more thnn 50 Canadians ure employed.
Did Blasting Cause Slide?
It will bo remembered, too, that a
year ago last March, a terrible rock
and snow slide befell the residents of
Britannia. No less than 54 were killed outright, others were injured and
it is alleged that even yet there are
bodies buried beneath the debris, At
the iiuf.iest it was found that Providence was to blame. The calamity
just happened, the victims were dead
and probably would remain dead a
long time. But miners who have
since left the employ of the company
huve no hesitation in attributing the
slide to the fact that very heavy
bhiBting was being carried on at the
time near the surface, which started
the surface rock and snow whicli resulted in such a slaughter.
Their "Prayers" Answered.
On April 20 the employees, of all
nationalities, decided thut the wages
were too small, considering the increased price of copper, and they called a formal meeting and prepared a
"petition," which was handed to
Mine Supt. Wyllie, "praying" for aa
increase of wages. They secured an
incrense of 50 cents per day, and later
another incrense of 25 cents, bringing
the wages to *4.50 a dny for miners,
und  $4   for  m-ickers,  still  two  bits
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. 8. W.t June 1.—
(Special to The Federationist.)—The hill, Introducing conscription, has passed its first reading in the New Zealand parliament. The hill not only provides
for military conscription, hut
good old Iron-clad industrial conscription, as well. The workers
are to be brought under thorough
military organization In everything that the term implies, in
order to meet the requirements of
the "Prussian" or feudal plans
the capitalists are developing for
future use.
less than is being paid by the Granby
Mining Co. nt Anyox, the place where
recruiting ngents nre barred absolutely, said to be the slickest bunch of
lnbor exploiters ever admitted from
the United States. The "petitioners"
secured the increased wnges nnd a
few other concessions asked for. But
since then the thousand and one annoyances inflicted by petty bosses
upon those responsible for the "prayers" hns resulted iu most of them
"coming down the hill,"
"Company" Stores and Things.
No more attention is paid to the
provisions of wtint is known as
tho Kelly Truck Act than if it hnd
never existed. If the officials flnd
thnt an employee dares to trnde at
other than the "company" store,
which charges exorbitant prices, they
nre "canned" forthwith. The company hns erected about a hundred
houses for the nccommodation df married men. Men with wives and fuini-
lies are known to put up with more
than single men. They are tied to
their tasks by the lash of necessity.
The compnny hns also erected a few
boarding-houses which they rent to
Japs or others, who, of course, hnve
to do all their buying at the company
store. Spies nnd stool-pigeons nre
employed to frisk the employees'
clothcB, rooms or bunks, from time to
time, generally when absent nt work,
nnd if n union card, a flask of brandy
for medicinnl purposes, or anything,
in fnct, is found which displeases the
plantation chief, instant dismissal
follows. ThiiB is the fenr of manhood
stricken from nny who dare uct like
Method in Their Methods.
The "Serbian" employees ure permitted to term themselveB Serbians so
long as they are working for the Britannia compnny. But when any of
them are injured or killed tho com\
pnny tnkes good enre that the victims '
must then float under their true colors, ns Austriuns. For, be it remembered, enemy "aliens" have no status in the courts, and thus damages
nre saved and profits incrensed.
Gross Violation of Eight-hour Day;
Some twenty years ngo the Western
Federation of Miners of the upper
country secured the enactment of an
Eight-hour Day Act, covering metalliferous mines. Later they were compelled to enforce its provisions by one
of the moBt bitterly contested strikeB
ever known in this province. Organized labor won, after tho expenditure
of thousands of dollars and an enormous loss of time. So long ns the
miners were welt organized the Inw
wns enforced. The formation of the
lend trust nnd the copper trust, nlong
in 1003, resulted in practically a closing down of British Columiba mines
for n time. Tbo W. F. of M. consequently suffered a corresponding loss
in membership. For those minerB who
were loft it then became largely a
question of whnt the mine inspectors
did, ns to whether the law was enforced or uot. The non-enforcement
of the law wns sort of winked at, and
innsmuch as there was very little activity in thc mining regions, no serious attention wns pnid to it by organized labor. But now the situntion
is different. The war hns consumed
the entire visible supply of lead and
copper, nnd the prices hnve leaped to
a place where this class of mining
has become very profitable. Probably
more than 3000 miners hnve been
placed at work during the pnst few
monthB. Naturally n few of these
manage to get by the spies nnd inquisitors of the Britannin. And they
are nware of their rights under the
law. More thnn one of these hnve recently visited The Federntionisf. And
they say, nnd are prepared to net as
witnesses, thnt the Britannin Mines'
manncement is flagrnntly violating
the Eight-hour Pny Act', which specifies—ns thc title implies—thnt miners
shnll be employed only eight hri.irs
underground nut of ench twenty-four
hours. The Britannia management,
since the "round robin" of April 20,
furnishes n train to take the men on
shift, a distnnce of over a mile underground, on their own time. But nt
quitting time the men on each of the
three shifts nre compelled to walk
out. which means thnt they are at
lenst ten hours on duty. The act
says, "Eight hours from bunk to
bnnk." Whnt in blazes is Mine Inspector Newton doing any wny f Hns
he a cork eye and a blind one? Or
doe8 he intend to stnnd by and let
this scab-herding b'ineh of foreign
Inbor-skinners do ns they damn well
nlenseT On behalf of orgnnized labor
The Federationist pusses these queries on to Minister of Mines Campbell.
More nnon.
Tht Longshoremen's union,
along tha V. 8. Paelfle coast, vent
out on strike on May 31-June 1
for increased wages and improved
working conditions. They were
out a week when a temporary
truce was declared, and the strikers returned to work, pending a
settlement hy arbitration. The
Steamboat Owners' association
decided a few days ago to ignore
the Longshoremen's union, and Issued a declaration for tht "open
shop" on Wednetday. During
the truce the shipowners broke
faith by herding scabs ln readiness for the inevitable flght. The
Longshoremen have decided to accept the challenge and, beginning
this morning, will start what
may be one of the bitterest struggles for recognition ever waged
on the coast. It will be a flght to
a finish, and no quarter given or
asked for. As was the case during strike-week, the local Longshoremen will not be affected, except that no "struck" cargo will
be handled at this port.
AWave of Organization Is
_ Spreading Among the
~       Pedagogues
San Francisco Is the Latest
City to Fall in Line with
New A. F. of T.
Presidents Wilson and Oompers Will
Dedicate Labor's Own Home,
"The American Federation of Labor
requests the honor of your presenco at
the ceremonies attending thc dedication
of its office building, Mussnchusofts
avenue nnd Ninth street, Washington,
I), C. on Tuesdnv morning, thc FourtT)
nf July, at 10 o'clock, 1916. Tho address will be delivered by the prosidorit
of thc United Stntes."
Second of a Series Elucidating Workmen's Compensation Act       '
I3y Jus. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federation of Labor.)
TiE WORKMEN '8 Compensation act,
1016, is a new law about accidents to
workmen. It comes into force, ns far aB
tlie workmon are concerned, on January
1, 11117, and ns it completely changes
the methods by which compensation or
dumages may be obtained, every workman should make an effort to familiarize himself with the important clauses,
aud the reasonable constructions that
may be placod upon them.
Supercedes AU Other Remedies,
Common law and statute rights of
workmen against their employers are
taken away, and the Employers' Liability and Workmen's Compensation acts
are repealed, so that from Janunry 1st,
1917, the solo remedy of the workmen
is under the new act. Lawyers, courts
and insurance companies disappear at
the Bnme time nnd injured workmen
only requiro to apply to the Compensation bonrd for their compensation.
Who Are Covered by New Act.
Under the old act, railways, factories,
mines, quarries, engineering work, and
buildings which exceed 40 feet in height
nnd are being constructed or repaired
by moans of a BcufTolding or being demolished or on which muchinery driven
by mechanical power is used for construction, repntf or demolition, are the
only industries covered. Contrast that
with the new act, which covers practically overy line of work, with the exception of clerks, outworkors, farm labor and hotel employees. Section 4
reads in part:
"This part shall apply to employers and workmen in or about the industries of lumbering, mining, quarrying, excavation, well-drilling, fishing, manufacturing, printing, construction, building, engineering, trans
portation; operation of railways or
tramways; operation of telegraph or
telephone systems; operation of lumber, wood, or coal yards; operation
pf steam heating plants, power plants,
electric light and electric power
plants or systems, gns works, water
works or sewers; operation of muni-
cipul police forces or municipal fire
departments; operation of theatre
singes or kincmatngraphs; operation
nf power Inundrics, stock yards, pnek-
ing houses, refrigerating or cold storage plants, ducks, -wharves, warehouses, freight and pnsBengcr elevators, grain elevators, bouts, ships,
tugs, ferries or dredges; navigation,
stevedoring, teaming, horHe shoeing,
scavenging, street cleaning, painting,
decorating, dyeing and cleaning; and
in and about any occupation incidental to or immediately connected with
any of the industries enumerated in
this section."
Employers Defences Removed.
With the workmen's remedies went
the employers' defences of contributory
negligence, assumption of risk nnd negligence of fellow servants, and the now
act contemplates industry paying for all
SUNDAY. June 25—Typographical Uiiion.
MONDAY, June 2(i—Amalgamated Engineers, Patternmakers,
Electrical Workers No. 213,
Street Railwaymen Executive.
TUESDAY, June 27—Barbers,
Bro. Locomotive Engineers.
WEDNESDAY, June 28—Press
Feeders Com., Street Bailway*
THURSDAY, June 29—
FRTDAY, June 30—
B. C. F. of L. President Further Reviews Features
of Measure
accidents except those "attributable
solely to the serious and wilful misconduct of the workman," 1/ut payment is
provided for in those cases if the nec.i
dent results in serious injury or death.
In addition, the industrial diseases an
tlirnx, lend poisoning, mercury poison
ing, phosphorous poisoning, arsenic poisoning and ankylostomusis or diseases
common to mining ure 'provided for.
Onus of Proof on Employer.
It lies iipnn the employer to prove
thnt the injury was due solely to tho
serious and wilful iniBcotiduct of the
workman. He must, therefore, show
serious and wilful misconduct, und that
the accident was due solely to these
causes to prevent the workman from receiving compensation. The English act
contniiiH the same provision, except that
Sir William Meredith inserled the word
"solely" in the Ontario act, copied into
the British Columbin act, for, as Sir
William put it, the further protection of
the workmen. Many interesting decisions huve been handed down by the
courts of Great Britain on the interpre-
tntions to be pluced on this Clause, nnd
in many cases the final decision has
rested with the House of Lords. In the
first place, the misconduct must be serious, and this means not merely thnt the
consequences are serious, but thnt the
misconduct itself is serious. Secondly,
the misconduct must bc wilful, und
Lord Justice Brumwcll says, "Wilful
misconduct means misconduct to which
thc will is a party, Something opposed
to accident or negligence." Lord Lore-
burn says the world "wilful . . .
imports that thc misconduct was deliberate, not merely n thoughtless act nn the
spur of the moment," Having established the serious and wilful misconduct
of thc workman, thc employer must
then show that thc injury was uttribu-
(Continued on page 4)
The American Federation of Teachers,
n bona fide union organization of teachers in the public schools, recently chartered by the American Federation of
Lubor, will hold its first national convention next month at New York city,
iu conjunction with the annual meeting
of the National Education association.
A movement has been started by \he
Snn Frnnciaco Lnbor council to establish a local of the American Federation
of Teachers in San Frnnciscn, and it is
hoped thut t,he organization will be perfected in time to have the Sun Francisco school teachers represented in the
convention of the Ainericnn Federation
of Teachers, says Frederick -W. Ely, in
the Bulletin.
Chartered By A. F. of L.
The American Federation of Teachers
was chartered by the American Federation of Labor on May 9 of this year.
The charter locals of the American Federation of Teachers nre Chicago Teachers' Federation, the Chicago Men Teachers' Federation, the Chicago Federation
ttf Women High School Teachers, and
locals from New Ynrk city, Washington,
D. C, Scranton, Pa., Oklahoma City,
Gary, Ind., and Wuycross, Ga.
Oompers Encourages Work.
In granting the charter to thc American Federation of Teachers, Samuel
Gompers, president nf the American
Federntinn of Labor, said: "Permit mc
to take advantage of this opportunity
of sending u message nf greeting and
good will for a thorough orgnnizntion of
teachers of America, thut the Americnn
Federation of Teachers may be set nn
the road nf prncticnl beneficinl wnrk in
the interest nf the teachers, of the
pupils in the school and of thc people."
Meeting Next Sunday—Mr. Sullivan's
Death—I. T. U. Election Results.
On Sunday next Vancouver Typographical union will hold its regular
meeting in Lnbor Temple. The meeting
commences promptly at 2 o'clock, and
members are requested to be iu their
places on time, as matters of importance
arc expected to come up fnr discussion.
Word lias just been received nf the
death uf Mr. B. L. Sullivan, which occurred at the Union Printers' Home,
Colorado Springs, on Thursday, June 8.
The Into Mr. Sullivan was a member nf
No. 220, nnd entered the home a little
over three years ngo suffering from
tuberculosis. The dread disease, however, was in ton advanced a stage tn be
('unlimited by the Homo treatment.
Secretary'treasurer J. W. Hays has issued the ollicial repnrt (tf the result of
election nf I. Ti U. officers, held nn May
24, which shows that Marsden G. Scott,
president, Walter W. Barrett, vice-president, and Jofl M. Johnson, agent
Union Printers' Hnme, were returned
by acclamation; that for secretary-treasurer, .1. W. Havs received 27,294 votes,
and W. E. Merritt 14,922 votes; for
delegates to A. F. of L., Max S. Haves
received 28,858 votes, Frank Mnrris'nn, 1
28,324, H. W. Dennett, 27,547, Hugh
Stevenson. 20,501, T. W. McCulIough,
20,551 nnd I'. B. Pittinger, 13,411, the
first four elected; for delegate tn
Trndes and Labor Congress of Canada,
Samuel Haddon, 15,231. James JV-iry,
12,958, and W. R Trotter, 9513, Samuel
Haddon elected; fnr trustees Union
Printers' Home, Thomas McCutTerv, 28,-
315, Malcolm A. Knock, 22,007, William
Mounce, 20.250. Michael Powell, 18,044,
Jerome V. O'Hara, 14,830, T. T. Nock,
11.841, the firtft three elected; of the 31
candidates for nuditnrjj, the three elected wero David AI. Bnird. who received
13,300 votes, John M. Dugnn, 12,421 and
Fred Darker, 11,380.
Significant News that Failed
to Find Its Way Into
Labor Government At lis
Worst Better Than Old-
Party Regime
Speaking of Unanimity,
"Tf tfn> (lens had been ^nnnimniif,
they oould huve pulled me nut of hfrl,"
said Charles Lamb. We hear a great
deal about cn-nperntion, but the word
has become shop-worn and without significance, Organization demands individual devotion to the ideals of the
orgnnization, Organize yourself into
your organization— be unanimous—and
inngnanimnus.—Inland Printer.
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., May 18.—
{Special toTbeFederatlonirt)—
By a majority of 260,000, the trade
unionists of Australia have turned
down conscription. This Important '
piece of information will, of course,
only percolate to the outside world
by means of that snail-like proceta
known as slow freight It ie not
that sort of news thr.t calls for
lightning express dlssemiuation. It
Is of the kind that would better
please the "better clawses" If it
never happened.
War Markets Quicken "Prosperity."
v Nover has there been such prosperity
in Australia as at present. Commercial
us well as private people cannot understand it. Look where you will and you
will find lots of persons with money to
Bpond. A striking evidence of this prosperity is shown in the increase last
month of the deposits in the State Savings Bank. The deposits exceeded the
withdrawals by $1,625,000. This is the
greatest increase for any month in the
history of the bank. Of course, we all
understand thnt prosperity, under the
present system of industry, is very much
the same as the hectic pulse of a sick
mnn. Not an evidence of health, by any
manner of means.
Higher Education for Workers.
The Labor governments in the various
states have   introduced   a   system   of
higher    education    whereby    workers
(adults) can attend the universities and
undergo courses in Industrial History
and Economics free of charge. The only
restriction is that they must attend re*
gulurly.   The only expense in the matter is that thc students have to provide
themselves with nny extra text books
they require, other than those set apart
for thc elastics.   These classes are carried on not so much in the form of
teachers and pupils, aB in that of individuals trying to learn from each other.
Each of the governments provide funds
for lectures, us well as for special libra*
ries for reference.   If a special subject,
other than provided in tho regular curriculum, is required, nil that is necessary is for a worker to get 14 of his
fellow-B together nnd make application,
und it will be granted.   The whole mnt*
ter comes under the management of the1
Workers' Educational Association, and
great strideB are being mnde with the
classes in the various Labor states.
Idlers Still Fault-finding.
The capitalist papers throughout Australia have lately been lamenting the
fact that the Labor states, by booming
tlie employment question at home, nre
seriously interfering with enlistment for
the war.   From the 'way they are howling, it would appear that they do not
like the idea of the workers- mnking -
sufficient money to enable them to avoid
being driven to butchery through economic pressure.   It is also an illuminating indication as to what would likely
happen if capitalist governments were
fashionable and in thc saddle in Australia at present.   It nil shows that tho
working man is desired in the fighting
line, and not the rich idler.   Evidently
the idlers nre of no more use in times
of war thnn in times of peace,
Warbling in Vain.
Much   uneasiness   hns   been   caused
throughout the Austrnlinn Labor movement by  the rcmurknble imperialistic
nnd jingo utterances of Premier Hughes
in England.   Particularly obnoxious has
been his advocacy of continuing an economic wur ngninst Germany after the
military  struggle  in  over.    After tho
manner in which Hughes hns been conducting himself in Great Britnin, it^lB
clear thnt ho no longer represents the
truo  spirit  of   Australian   democracy.
The premier's swan song on behalf of
Imperialism nnd Empire trade organization is destined to have been warbled in
Would Break "Pat" Burns' Heart,
Recently the Queensland government
acquired n cattle station of  178 square
miles, from which it will supply its own
e.nttle fnr the state butcher shops.    At
nne shop in Brisbane nlnne over 1000
ustomers are  supplied  dnily.    At iht\
government  shops  ment   is sold   for  a
lower price than in nny other shop in
Australia.    Now that  the government
hns taken steps to provido its own cattle supply the prices of meat should go
still lower.   The cattle station referred
to is the first nf many the government
intends to have in the country, until its
full  supply  is  assured.    Thc  government hns also acquired n coal mine and
established saw mills and dniries.   It is
at  present engaged in boring for oil,
und is running two hotels In the sugar
fields that have been acquired at a cost
of $250,000.
Local Board Named to Decide Dispute
Between B. O. E. R. and Union.
Under n provision in tho agreement
between the B. O. E. H. eompany nnd
the Street Kaihviiy Employees' union, a
local board nf arbitration hns this week
been chosen tn adjust certnin matters
under dispute between the two parties.
Business Agent Fred. A. Honver will represent the anion, Supt. Murrin the B.
0, B, li. Co., and Mr. Justice Macdonald
has been agreed upon as chairman.
"The Labor press should speak for
the Labor movement us n whole nnd,
therefore, is in safe hands whon It is
owned nnd published by n central labor
body,"—Samuel Gompers, president A.
FRIDAY JUNE 23, 1916
86 Branch,, in Canada
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital  I 12,000,000
Reserve      13,000,000
Total Assets     200,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
bualneaa will ba welcome   be  It   large   er
Branches and correspondent!
throughout tba world
Aaaeta 111,000,000
Deposits   48,000,000
Most  Convenient   of
Small ISTtrtmanta
The Bank of Toronto wiU accept
deposits of (1.00 and upwardB. A
pass-book showing the amount of
your balance wiU be given you
when you make your first deposit. Tou have then a Bank Account, to whioh you can add or
from which you ean withdraw at
any time. Intereat ia paid on
Paid ap espial....
Reserve  fond   	
Comer Hastings ud Gamble Bti.
Men's Hstters and Outfitters
Three Storei
UnwotUsd VftudflvUte Meani
2:46, 7:20, 8:15    Bmhii'i Frlcu:
16c;   EnntBii,   16c,   26c.
Increaie Your Hmband'a
Every woman can Increase ber hui*
band's salary; all she bas to do is to
use good Judgment wben purchasing
anything for the home. Every time yon
save money on a piece of furniture
you aro that much better off. We
gladly Invite yon to come In and Inspect same.   Cash or easy payments.
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 aeres
to Actual Settlers—
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Offlce:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
TeL Exchange Soymonr 7496
Subscription:    91.60 per year; In Vaneoaver
City, |2.00; to unlona subscribing
In a body, $1.00
Now Westminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 631
Victoria A.  H. Wolls,  Box  1538
"Unity of Labor: tke Hope of the World'
FRIDAY JUNE 23, 1010
TERMS-^Besidence on the land
for at least three years; improvement to the eitent of $5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least five acres.
For further information apply to
FOll CLOSE upon two yenrs the
world has been chiefly occupied with
mutters, either directly or indirectly
related to the art of human butchery,
commonly termed wnr. The minds of
men hnve boon filled
WOKKERS OF with wur philosophy,
THE WORLD, nnd their attention
BEWARE! hns been principally
given tn tlie consideration of war problems, possibilities and]
probabilities. It is not altogether a figaro
of speech to say that the world 1ms gone
wnr innd, for it is a fact that little eon*
Bidoration hns boen given to anything
that hus not had a direct bearing upon
the struggle now going on in Europe.
! Everything hns been turned to the purpose of winning thia wnr. This seems
j to hnve been the caso, not only with the
people of the countries directly involved, but by the people of nil other
count lies as well, und whatever sacri*
lice has been asked hns been cheerfully
granted, us thcrjgh the victorious conclusion of the present' struggle was the
I (inly thing worthy of consideration by
those in nny man nor interested, no mat-
: ter upon which side their services might
be enlisted. It is u well-known fnct
that the workers of Great Britain (with
the exception of Ireland) have waived
practically nil of tho privileges they
have so laboriously wrung from thoir
callous und brutal rulers during the
past, in order to aid those rulers to successfully prosecute the present war. At
least that is whut they havo beon led
to believe, through the sophistry of tho
spokesmen of British cluss rule. Thnt
thoy have been weak enough to waive
these privileges (upon the more assurance that their masters would return
them ut the end of the wnr, indicates
weakness closely bordering upon stupidity. Surely thoy should know that
the word of no ruling class was ever
worth anything whore nny material interest wus at stake.
* *      *
As painful as it may be to think of
those workers voluntarily waiving tlieir
rights and privileges in deference to
ruling class interests, tho must amassing
and painful part of it is to be found in
the circumstance of their meek submission to the conscription scheme foisted
upon them by the govornment. To show
how weak they were, it is but necos
snry to mention a fow facts In regard
to the passage of this precious uct. The
full membership of the House of Commons is 070. Tlie vote stood: For tlio
bill, 250; against, 35. It mny be seen
from this that 385 members did not
vote. Apparently tho most of these
feared tho political consequences. At
the munuer in which the Labor movement as a whole laid down in tho mat-
tor, nnd meekly submitted to being
made an enforced part of a "Prussian
militarism," the fears of these politicians were, evidently, unwarranted.
* *       *
Ireland is exempt from conscription.
Tho renson is thnt thc Irish would not
li.y di.wn and the political tools of i?ri-
Hsh capitalism knew it. The trades
unionists of Australia, by a majority of
250,000 decided last month that they
would havo no conscription. The unions
of New Zenland nre one by one taking
similnr action. Tho New Zealand gov
ernment is, evidently, determined to
push the mutter through regurdless of
consequences. The Australian govern
ment will probably be more diplomatic
mid careful, as it is iu the hands of the
working cluss, although some of its
working cIubs members nre of doubtful
loyally to Labor. To go outside tlio
empire for a moment is, perhaps, permissible. Tremendous efforts nre botng
put forth in tho United Ktntes to lend
■ or foreo the people of thnt country into
u governmental military machine. All
sorts of specious arguments and scare-
mongcrlng is being indulged in to forco
the issue. As the country is in no manner threatened by wnr (outside of that
threat which mny be found in the Mexi-
enn ombroglio, and which could in no
e develop into anything demanding
gre.it military preparation) it would be
u matter of irfach interest to know just
workers, not only of Britain, but of the
wholo world.
*       *       *
It is as well-known to tro rulers and
musters as anything can be, thnt right
upon the heels of this wur of theirs will
come a day of reckoning with the enslaved  and  disinherited  working class
of all countries.  It does not require any
remarkably keen vision to seo thut. The
rapid growth of political and economic
intelligence among the workers during
recent  years  has  not been  overlooked
by  tho  masters.    Thnt  this  has Jjeen
forced by economic pressure they well
know.   That the result of this war will
lie   to   greatly  increase   and   intensify
thnt pressure und thus speed up this education of the workers, is nlso known to
them.   Unless they have ut their disposal a military establishment sufficiently
powerful  to  cope  with   the  difficulty,
their regime of industrial and commercial innniuiliug nnd piracy muy como to
uu end.   Thore never wns yet a slave
thnt   did   not   hnve   a   soldier   for    u
shadow.  There never wus a military establishment except for the purpose of
holding slaves in subjection   to   their
masters.   It is now ns always, that the
military   must   bo   recruited   from   thc   j# ,.
runks of the slaves themselves, for the I npj
reason that there   is   no   other source
from which recruits enn como.   Unless
Grout Britain nnd these other countries
hnve at tho nd of this wur huge forces
under arms, und to be kept ttmler nrms,
there will be no assurance of the rulers
being able to withstand the upthrust of
Labor in tlie direction of a greater lib-
Tty und  vidcr participation in the con-
trol of industry and the enjoyment of
ts fruits.   Tho masters of wealth in the
United States realize this as woll as do
thoso of Britain.   Thnt is why there Is
such a frenzy for prepnredness.   They,
too, are propnring their slnvos in uniform, to hold tlieir fellows in overalls in
due meekness nnd docility to continued
xploitation and misery.   Let the work-
rs everywhere beware of falling for
uy of these military schemes of the
musters.   If the workors give up any ot
their   privileges   or   relinquish   nny   of
their liberties, they may rest nssured
they will be gone forever unless thoy
win them back again by the same pro
ess of struggle by which they were
lirst gained.   The ending of this wnr is
not the only thing in view with the nil
rs of thoso empires.    To be able to
uccessfully cope with the struggles of
the working class that nre to follow is
of more consequence ar**-  that is what
they hnve in mind.   Do not forget that,
when you nro asked to stand for conscription.
Ever heard of the Clique^
so, then listen:
Does ono run your branch or district?   If
What is the Clique?    'Tis a body of men
Who attend every meeting, not now and then;
Who don't miss a meeting unless they are sick,
These are the men whom the Grouch calls the Clique.
Who don't inuke a farce of the sacred word "Brother,"
Who believe in the motto of "Help one another,"
Who never resort to a dishonest trick—
These are the men thut somo call tho Clique.
The men that ure seldom behind in their dues;
And who from the meeting do not carry the news;
Who attend to their duties and visit tho sick—
These aro the men the crunk calls tho Clique
We ull should be proud of members like fheso,
They can cull them "The Clique" or whatever they plonse;
Thoy never leave nny duties to chance—
These are "The Clique" that runs mnny a brunch.
Hut there nre some people who nlwuys lind fault,
And most of this kind nre not worth their suit;
They like to start trouble, but seldom will stick,
They like to put nil the work on "The Clique."
—U. W. It., in A. S. E. Journal.
the enslavement of Labor and the
iprintlon of the wealth it alone
brings forth. Like its predecessors,
capitalism must go down und out, nnd
for the solf-sume reason, Slavery is a
crime that poisons und rots thut which
is built upon it. It is the parent of ull
other crimes. There will bc no health,
either physical or moral, in human society until it is purged of its deadly
presence. So long ns it remains, it is a
symptom nnd an nssurnnce of inevitable
stagnation, decay and death, to all empires bullded upon it. The hmnnn nice
cannot really live until it has been nbolished. It is up to the working class to
abolish it, by assorting its right to control its own means of life. To accomplish this menus to conquer thc powers
of government in ils own Behalf and
use those powers to wipe the statutes
clear of every enactment that hus been
placed there for the purpose of sepurat-
iug the working mnn from the product
of his lnbor. This will soon cure all
poverty, us woll as fatty degeneration
of the soul.
THE DOWNFALL of those ancient
empires of which we have any record, seems to bc, in eaeh cnuse duo
ono  spccilic cause.    Their downfall
what really lies behind this world-wide
and sudden frenzy for the acquirement
of menus and machinery for human
butchery. Surely nny one must know
that if Great Britain hns already raised
an army of more than 5,000,000 men,
nnd that outside of her colonies and
without conscription, there can be no
reason for resorting to conscription now
unless thero is some hidden or ulterior
motive bohind it. If one-half of whnt
we havo been told of the Totitonic situation be true, thero must nlroady bo
armies iu the field sufficiently powerful
to bring matters to a ffuccessful conclusion, without going beyond voluntary
enlistment for the maintenance of that
strength. In addition to the 5,000,000
mentioned above, the colonics havo furnished over a half million. In viow of
all that has occurred, und is occurring,
this military enthusiasm bordoring upon
frenzy, that is manifested by tho ruling
class, has a sinister significance to the
followed close upon the heels of the
congestion of popula-
A tion   in   huge  cities,
SYMPTOM and    the    concentra-
OF DECAY. tion   of   wealth   nnd
power in the hands
of the few. Out of such abnormal conditions no other result could be reasonably expected. In the midst of s-jch
conditions, the moral and physical well-
being of no people could be conserved,
but must inevitably bo destroyed. A
civilization built upon such an anomaly
ns dire poverty nnd distress alongside
of wealth beyond the dreams of avarice,
will us surely perish from its own inherent rottenness, ns thnt the sun will rise
upon the morrow. It cannot survive,
and it ought not, because it is nn unclean thing, and health is not within it.
Empires, the measure of whoBe great-
ness is expressed in widespread poverty,
degradation and starvation nmong the
producers of wealth and an equally pro-
ndanced fatty degeneration of tho soul
upon the part of their rulers, have little
to recommend them to the consideration
of those who have the welfare of human
kind at heart, unless such consideration
were directed towards their abatement
as dangerous nuisances.
* *       *
Cttti anything be said, however, of ancient Assyria, Babylon, Greeco or Koine,
that could not be said, with equal truth
of the boasted empires of today? Are
not the snme conditions of congested
population in cities, widespread und
ovor-i ner easing poverty, misery, degradation und actual starvation throughout
largo sections of human society und the
inordinate concentration of fat in the
hands of the few, just ns trtily in evidence now as in the days of tho Ca'sarsf
Is ihe power of rulers less brutally nnd
nrrognntly used now, or their indilTor
once lo human suffering nnd misery less
pronounced, tliun in the days when
Christians were used for fnggots and
Nero fiddled? At whnt period in the
history of slave civilization did the ruling class ever sacrifice its human chattels upon the ult ur of the war god, wifli
such joyous aud reckless abandon as
jnow? At whnt time were musters more
powerful uml brutil, und slaves cheaper
nnd more docile, than nt present! At
whnt time in the history of empires
were conditions more rotten ripe for decay than right now?
* *       *
Thut the empires of capitalist rulers
will full into decay is assured. They
are even now on the way. A tremendous hastening .if the process is occurring through this European exhibition
of tho culmination of ruling clnss
achievement down through the ages.
Human society has long since attained
the level beyond which it cunnot raise
itself without first getting rid of the incubus of slavery which, at periodic intervals, has drugged it down into decay
and ruin. A slave society cannot stand,
becauso it inevitably results in those
conditions of social filth that poison and
destroy. The empires of chattel slavery,
of feudalism, of capitalism, havo all
beon buildod upon tho same foundation
Out of 30,000 organized workers in
Washington, D. C, just one lone union
took part in the prepnredness parade on
June 14, as a union. While some of the
government employees were practically
forced to participate, ull of the big
unions positively refused to do so. It
looks us though this prepnredness swindle is not destined to fool anybody.
tnge of the experience nnd practice of
the capitalist governments, and will appoint their ambassadorial stall's, connect
up their organizations und be prepared
to act in assisting each other, whenever
attacked by the capitalist class in their
several countries. With such an organization and in such a dny and hour, will
possess u renl international working
class movement."—Jim Larkin.
After working for three yenrs in a
Pennsylvania coal mine, Josephine Rica-
tone quit the job, donned female attire
again nnd went to work as a domestic.
If she had saved her wages, ns sho
should have done, she would not have
boen compelled to work nny more for
the rest of her life. It looks ns though
Josephine hns been following in the
footsteps ofthe prodigal son.
According to an English paper, Lord
Derby recently declared in parliament
that women were being drafted into
British munition works nt tho rnte of
15,000 por month. The minimum wage
in all state-owned and state-controlled
orks is one po'und per week. Thus is
the road to affluence opened to the gentler sex by this wnr, and the noisy suffragette relegated to the background.
Now that the bewhiskered Hughes
has resigned Ins soat upon the
United Stntes Supreme Court in
order to run for the presidency,
an opportunity is afforded for Wilson to
appoint another of the Brnndeis type to
fill the vacancy. Rumor hath it that
Senator Walsh of Montana, who led tho
fight in the senate for the confirmation
of Brnndeis, is slated for the appointment.
It is noted thut the most stubborn
opposition to womnn suffrage is developing iu England among thc munition
and machine workers, who are beginning to resent the invnsion of their
trades by women. It does bent all whnt
nn influence mnterinl things hitve in
shaping the thoughts and actions of
men. Even members of the Dubb family are not altogether exempt from such
Frnnk P. Walsh, chairman of tho Into
United Slates Commission on Industrial
Relations, walked right into the democratic movie picture show at St. Louis
Inst week and asked thnt tho democratic donkey kick the profit system into
oblivion and enact s.ich legislation ns
might be necessary to give to the work
•rs tho "full product of their labor.'
Although Frank did not get what ho
asked for, one cannot help admiring thc
gall of him in mnking such a request,
Don't   bnckcnp   others  nnd  perhaps
they won't bnckcnp you.
Indifference is the greatest crime in
thc calendar of trnde unionism.
The best preparation for tomorrow is
to do your best today.
"The (New) Day."
".     .   .   Some dny organized workers of the different nations thnt go to
mako up the universe will take ndvnn-
Howe Sound Trip
Boats leaving Union Dock Daily
at 11:15 a. m. Sundays at 10:30
n. m., calling at Bowen Island,
Britannia MjnoB, Mill Crock and
SquamiBh. Returning at 7 p. m.
Sunday Special, 11 Bound Trip
Terminal Steam
Navigation Co., Ltd.
Soymour 0330
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows,
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
■lb freoh oobc
Established 1901
We oporate our own distillery
at New Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making are prepared with
great care from the best selected
grains that money can buy.
Don't forget when ordering
from your grocer to ask for the
B. C. article.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
: ;'*.'   '    Accept«o substitute for any Boyal Grown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
first and third Thursdays. Executive
hoard: Junius H. McVety. president; R. P
Pettipiooo, vice-president; Helena Gutteridge, gonoral secretary, 210 Labor Templo;
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill.
statistician; sergeant-at-arms. John Sully; A
.1, Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
Meets   second   Monday   in   the   montb
President, J.  McKinnon;   eercetary,   R.   H.
Neelands, P. O. Box 06.
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets first
Sunday of each month. President, James
Campbell: financial socretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4752; recording secretary.
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main street.
nl Union of America, Local No. 120—
Moots '2nd and 4th Tuesdays In the month,
room 20fi, Labor Templo. President, L. E.
Herrltt; secretary, S. H. Grant, 604 Georgia
—.Meets every ]pt nn*1 3rd Tn*»»rtnv
8 p.m.. Room 307. President, P. Dicltio;
corresponding socretary. W. 9. Dagnall. Box
53; financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; business
airent. W. 8. Dagnall, Room 215.
In annual convention in January. Exec*
utive officers, 1018-17; Presidont, Jas. H, McVety: vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, 0. Siverts;
New Westminster, \V. Yatos; Prince Rupert,
W. E. TlmmpMiii. P. O. Box l,r>6; Rossland,
II. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Nest Valley), A. J.
Cartor. Secret ary-treasurer, A. S. Wolls, P.
O. Box 1538. Victoria, B. C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MeotB flrat and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Governmont street, at 8
p. m. President. O. Taylor; sebretary, P.
Holdrldge, Box 302, Victoria, B. C.
of America,  local  784,  New  Westminster
Meots second Sunday of each month at 1:30
p.m.    Socretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 406.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third Monday of each month, Room 302. Labor Tomple
H p.m. President. A. Sykes; secretary, Chns.
ft. Austin, 732 Seventh avenuo east. __
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers nf
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meets
first and third Mondays, 8 n.m. President.
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue west:
secretary, A. Fraser. 1151 Howe street.
PACTFrO—Meets at 437 Oore avenue si
a day, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley,  business
meets room 205 Lahor Temple everv
Monday. 8 p.m. President. P. W. McDnneall.
1162 Powell street: recording secretary.
N. Elcar. Labor Temple: flnanclal seem-
tnry and hn<-lnoss agent. E. H. Morrison
Rnnm 207. Labor Temple.
SOHTATTON. Loral 3852. Office, Asso-
elation hall. 10 Powell street. Meets everv
Sunday. 2:30 p.m. Thomas Nixon, secretary
nnd fourth Fridays at 8 n.m, Peosltlent
J MeTvor; reenrdlne snerelnrr. J, Brookes:
finnnclnl secretary. ,T. H.  McVety.
Mo-Ms seeond and fourth Thursdays. Labor
tnnin. fl j).m President. Oenree Anderson,
*>tlft Prince Edward street: «>ione Fnlrrnnnt
1721-0. Sucre tarv. Stanley Ttller. 31" VicV
too-nth avenuo west: phone Fairmont 7fl3li,
TORS' UNION, Local 348., 7. A. T
S, E. A M. P. M. O.—Meeta flrst 8unday nf
ouch month. Rnom 204, Lahor Temp'*1
President, J, C. Lnehnneo; business scent, W.
Ei McCartney! flnanolal and corresponding
secretary. H. C. Roddan. P. O. Box 345.
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays.
Room 205, Labor Templo. President, Ray
MrPougflll, 601 Seventh nvenuo west; flnanclal secretary, J. Campbell, 4860 Arcyle
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1512  Yew street;   phone  Bayvlew 260BL.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, Id
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, tho Northwest Territories and
In a portion of tho Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acrea will bo leased to one
Applications for lease must be made by tbe
applicant In person tu the Agent or Sub-Agent
nt liie district in which the rights applied
for aro situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for bhall be ataked by the applicant- himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee nf (5. which will bo refunded If the
rights applied for are nn* available but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mlno at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for tho hill quantity of merchantable"
coal mined and pay .the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rlirht's are not helng operated,
such returns ahould be furnished at least once
a Tear.
The lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, hut the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate ot 110 an acre
For full Information application «hnnM h*
mado to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Landa.
Pepnty Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thli advertisement will not be paid for—B0MO
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION (VANCOUVER). No. 60—Meets second Tuesday, 8 p.m.. Room 204. President, W. Bell
2220 Vine street; secretary-treasurer, E
Waterman, 1157 Georgia street: recording
seeretary, W. Shannon, 1730—28th avenue
MeotB Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:30 and 8 p.m. President, W.
H. Cottrell; recording secretary, Jas. K. Griffin, 166 Twenty-flfth avenue eaat; flnanclal
secretary and business agent, Fred A
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
hold first Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m
President, Francis Williams; vice-president
Miss H. Gutteridge; recording sec. C. Mc
Donald, Box 503; flnanclal secretary, II
Nordland, P. O. Box 503.
Meets last Sunday of each month nt 2
p.m. President, Wm. H. Youhill; vice-president. W. R. Trotter; secretary-treasurer, H.
H. Neelands, P. O. Box 66.
m%5h Of America -Qxt
cowiiioht amos _sj_s___ noa
Vote agalnat prohibition! Demand per-
aonal liberty tn chooalng what you will drink.
Aak for thla Label when purchasing Boor,
Ala or Porter, aa a guarantee that It ia Dn*
lon Made. Thla la our Label
Phone Seymour 4490
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. O.
Is the B. C. Prohibition Act
Fair to the Worklngman?
Sec. 67, Par. 2:
What does this clause mean?
It moans that tbe aet allows tho free nnd unrestricted
importation of liquor by prlvato individuals from
points outside tho province.
It meana the building up of industry nnd trade out-
side the provinoe at the oxponso of British Columbia
Whom does the act hit hardest?
It strikes at tlio workingmnn who can only afford to
buy his beer by the glass, To tho mnn with ready
money, it morely menus that ho will only hnve to pay
tho higher cost of liquor, becauso of transportation
As men who arc interested in the employment
of labor in British Columbia, and who bolievo in
oqunl legislation for all—workingman and capitalist alike—readers of The Federationist are
asked to carefully conBidor tho tormB of the
Prohibition Act. FRIDAY JUNE 23, 1916
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
0]!>en a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
is good—be temperate in
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
An Appeal to the Workers to
Join Hands in Cause
of Peace
Agents of Organized Labor
Bring Message pf Class
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
ia good for all men; total abstinence ia a matter of expediency for some
mea. Tho total abstainer haa 110 moro right to compel tho temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the tomporato mnn has to compel
tho abstainer to drink what bo neither Ukea or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Aak your dealer for our
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
pABLOS LOVEBIA, chief of the Do-
^ pnrtment of Labor of Yucatan and
Bnltafltir Pages, editor of the Voice ot*
lie vol at ion, published in Meridu, Yucatan, arrived in New York last week,
bringing with them a proclamation from
the organized workers 'of Yucatan ad
dressed to the workera of the United
States. This proclamation is in the nature of an appeal to the workers of tlie
republic to join hands with tlieir broth
ers of Mexico in order to prevent war
between the two countries, or in the
event of war, insisting that their com
mon exploiters shall be forced into the
front milks of the hosts of slaughter.
WIU Appeal to A. T. of L.
The appeal is to be presented to tho
head of the American Fcderution oi*
Labor as well as to the heads of all the
big labor organizations such as the railway brotherhoods, the seamen's union,
the miners organizations and the other
" g internationals.
An Intelligent Appeal.
It will come us a surprise to many
that the workers of that great hemp
district of Mexico are so well organized
and so thoroughly abreast of the times
as to have such a grasp of the significance of modern events and saeh a
pmplote understanding of thc necessity
of class solidarity aud unity of action,
is expressed in tlieir proclamation.
It is fervently to be hoped that this
appeal will meet with hearty respons*:
ut thti hands <:i ihe workt-i-s of the
United btntes, as well as thmigliotit tin-
world, lo the end thot the bonds of fraternity aud solidarity between the
workers of all lands shnll be
strengthened ns to make it no longer
possible that they be used to butcher
each other at tho behest of their rulers
and masters.
Appeal to United States Workers.
To the Workors of tho United Statea:
We, laborers of Mexico, moved by ex
coptional circumstances, appeal to you
in demand ot* solidarity.
On the border, whicli, politically, separates our land from yours, there aro
at this very moment two nrmios, face
to face, waiting for the opportunity of
throwing themselves into a war, that,
no matter which side might win, wouid
nevertheless cause great evils, both
moral aud material, to both of our coun
tries, crushing at the same time the
principles of a social revolution that has
no precedent in history, und which, pre
cisely for that reason, has secared thc
sympathy of every progressive man in
tho world.
Before a catastrophe of that kind
should sadden the homes of the toilers
of both nations, we, moved by true and
juat wishes of international solidarity,
with our mind free from shameful prejudices, being afraid of having the
plans of our saviour revolution destroyed by our foes, come to you, our brothers of this side of the continent, to you,
meritorious comrades of Spies, Ling.
Fisher, Engels and many other martyr*
of the Labor cause in the United States,
to beg from you the necessary support
to raise a formidable agitutioa against
imperialism, agitation against a war be
tween two brother countries, the coase
quoaces of which we, the workers of
both sides of the frontier, alone wd.ild
Suffer; because the instigators, the jingoes, those of the holy alliance—composed of exiled Mexicans, reactionaries,
laud owners, Wall street grafters and
clerical. magnates—would remain in
their homes, quietly waiting the moment for the distribution of the struggle's booty.
Yellow Press Condemned.
In the yellow press of your country,
in the lectures und meetings of monopolists and clericals, Mexico is pictured as
an uncivilized region, in the hands of
a lot of bandits with no other Hag or
ideals than thoso of loot and destruction; and based oa this the justification
of an imperialistic policy, pushed by
some Americans who do not have any
more resemblance to you, the workers
of America, than people of another na
tionality; for they, like the rich of
every part of the earth, are only after
personal gain, by fair means or by foul,
We, conscious of our rights and duties,
toilers properly organized for the struggle of classes, are anxious lo tell yon
the entire truth nbout tlio so-called
" Mexican Cnse."
Cause of Revolt.
Listen, Workers of the United Stntes!
Ijitil the day on whicli our soalal re
volution broke out, Mexico was, despite
its wonderful resources, a land of deso
lation and misery for tlie real producers,
for tho proletarians, because sheltered
by tho government—represented lirst
by i'orlirio Diaz, tho Dictator, generally
known as the Czar of the Americas, and
later by Victoriano Huertu—ignorance
religious intolerance, alcoholism and
proltnrian slavery in its most terrible
form prevailed in the country.
In shops, mines and manufacturing
centres the conditions of tho toilers, although not so bud as in the "hucien-
das," wore still terrible; twelve or four-
teea hours daily, poorly paid labor was
exacted without the hope of uny progressive legislation at all being enacted
that would secure their condition as
free citizens; at tho mercy of their
"owners," Mexican or foreigners, who,
while' tho real producers howled, bore
the yoke of servilism und suffered starvation, drove through the brilliant
streets of tho city of Mexico in luxurious nutomobiles, and built in every corner of tho aamo "villas" and palaces
thnt gave tho capital of the republic
universal renown.
Public instruction, especially in the
large rural districts, was entirely abandoned, because it was the dictatorial
policy, in thia respect, to drivo the poor
peoplo to the great "haciendas," great
mine nnd factory regions, where fhey
could bo more easily controlled by tho
"rurolea" and tho soldiers, instead of
allowing them to go to school and got
an education, to become real citizens de
serving of such a title.
Workers Strangled.
Workingmen in Mexico were killed if
thoy attempted to unionize or to atrike;
the peasants were slaughtered in order
to secure their property; the Yaqui Indians were deported or sold into slavery
in Yucatan, so that the great landowners of the state of Sonora could sell
their lands to American syndicates.
Anybody who protested, orally or in
writing, was thrown into jail, where imprisonment was worae than death.
No Hate for Working Class,
Wo want to say, very frankly, to the
American toilers that the Mexican people do not hate the real American people, tho people who still havo in their
heart the principles of Washington and
Franklin; we do not have any hostile
sentiment of any kind nguinst you
American laborers. In the United StateB.
We only hate the monopolists, the great
oil and railroad kings, all those who
have utilized the richness of our land
for their personal benefit; impudently
stealing from ua tho fruits of our labor;
the same as they do with you in your
country, those very samo compatriots
of yours, whose only interests are their
bank accounts, having no love of country, honor, or high ideals of life.
Be on Tour Guard!
Ba on your guard ,workors of the
United States. The Columbus raid, all
the anti^Mexican agitation of the mercenary press of North America, all the
meetings, lecttares and publications of
our foea in tho great American cities,
are only for the purpose of drowning
in blood the desires of a brother people
who have had the courage and the
strength to rebel against their oppressors, of giving the workers of the world
an example of the only social revolution that honestly deserves such a name.
Let Exploiters Fight.
Be on watch, North Amorican comrades. Do not allow any one to fool you
with tho lies of thoBe who, as long as
they can mako money, do not enre very
much about tho killing of thousands of
laborers. Help us to secure thut, once
and forever, the United States troops bo
recalled, avoiding the great danger that
there is and must be while a khaki uniform remains in Mexican territory. And
if, even by this means, it is impossible
to avoid a bloddy struggle, then, workers of the United States, do as wo will
do wit hour reactionaries—put at tho
head of your army all those who are
responsible for the tragedy, the magnates of the Standard Oil company and
of the International Harvester company,
William B. Hearst, Harrison Gray Ojtis,
of the Los Angeles Times, professional
soldiers and others who in any form
and by any means are lookiag for intervention in Mexico.
The "proclamation," in part" as
above, is signed by J. M. Duran, general
secretary Syndicate of Electricians;
Crescendo Flores Dinz, Carpenters' syndicate; Nabor Fernandez, president
Seamen'a union, port of Progreso; Pru-
dencio Gonzalez, president Dockers'
union; Crescensio Sanchez, general secretary Bakers' syndicate; Manuel Ruiz,
genernl secretnry Masons' syndicate;
David Gonzalez, union of Clerks, Cooks,
etc., und of Hotels, Restaurants nnd
Similars; Antonio Ramirez, president
Commercial Clerks' club; Alvaro Vargas, general secretary Smelters' syndi-
cate; Nnzario Pech, general secretary
Hnckmen's  syndicate;   Claiidio  Sacra-
Election of Officers for Ensuing Term
Taking Place Today.
[By J. E. G.]
Some slight changes in the administration of affairs of our local will take
place on the day that The Federationist
is published,.Friday, the 23rd, being the
day of election. While some may not
know or caro anything about the election of officers for tho ensuing term, we
will be playing safe to claim that none
of our members will forget the 23rd.
MoBt of us have been waiting for it for
two weeks.
President Cottrell will hnve some opposition in the person of Bro, J. Byron,
who aspires to the presidential chair.
Vice-president F. Haigh is retiring, and
the battle iB between Bros. P. Logec, R.
Rigby and H. Whittlngton. Recording
Secretary J. E. Griffin declined the nomination for a fourth term, and Bro. A.
V. Lofting again takes up the secretary's work. Our old friend, W. J. Harper, is again returned to the office of
treasurer. Nobody seems to bo anxious
to run against Bill. Our fighting mem
ber, Bro. Buckler, will mako a good conductor, as thore is no opposition,
Freddy'a chances are good. For the offices of warden and press correBpondent
J. E. Griffin has boen nominated and as
there ia no opposition hia chances are
nlBO good. The auditors are Bros. Hubble, Byron and Cleveland, the latter tak
ing the place of W. Murray. Bro. F.
Haigh, although seeking oblivion for a
ttyrie, was elected to tho execative committee by acclamation to represent the
day men. For tho night men, Bro.
Cleveland will oppose Bro. Hubble.
Delegates to tho central labor body,
headed by the president, will bo Bros.
Haigli, Rigby, HjgheB, Hoover, Clevc
land and Whittington, and wo Bincorely
hopo that there will be' a full attendance of these delegates to this important office.
Probably the safest way to tell your
thoughts to any person is by means of
an anonymous letter. For low-down,
miserable, despicable means this method
is hard to beat. This hns reference to n
commuinentiou received from a party in
an outside union who forgot his name
and address, but signed himself "A
Committeeman." We cannot.help but
feel sorry for the futuro of any union
whose committees ure composed of men
that conveniently forgot to sigu their
names to any complaint. That Pioneer
division does not and will not reoognize
such dirty work wns shown by the attitude of our members when they refused
to allow the secretnry to read the communication.
All hands are urged to attead our
next meeting, when a delegation from
the "Medical Attendance" will be present to give ub some interesting information.
The output of whiskey in the United
States last year was seven nnd n half
million gnllons in excess of thc year before.   Prohibition prohibits!
mento, president Yucatan Railroad
Men's union; Miguel A, Prado, syndicate of Machinists, Blacksmiths and
Merida, Mexico, May 29, 1910.
Hillcrest dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
TBe Hillcrest Dairy
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
(Strictly modorn), one block from Labor Temple,   Here, every comfort
awaits you.
Union Cigars and beat brands of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe ln connection.
—no boots like the
Leckie Boots
—for the wear-and-tcar conditions of work in the field—in the
hills—in the logging camps—anywhere—where thc hardest
knocks are given to footwear.
The House of Leckie has
years and years experience
of British Columbia underfoot conditions, and is
making b'oots that
will stand up under the
toughest and hardest use
to which a boot can be put
as a result of this experience.
Thc Jjcckie stamp on a
boot is their guarantee to
you but—
"The quality goes IN
before the name goes ON
—that's a LECKIE."
Named Shoes are frequently made ia Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Boy Any Shoe
no matter what ita name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without tbe  Union  Stamp  are
always Non-Union.
240 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. P. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
C. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte de Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegiea Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
G. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Milk Users!
Fairmont 2624 Fairmont 2624
use the large burner except for the largest
forget to keep the burners clear of grease
and dirt.
boil a gallon of water if you only require a
leave the burner burning if you don't require
it soon.
leave the burner blazing when boiling point
is reached.
use heavy pots and pans, aluminum saves the
turn down the large burner. Turn it out
and use either the simmering burner or one
of the smaller ones.
to ring up "Gas Trouble" if you require service.
Hastings and Oarrall Sts.
1138 Granville, near Davie PAGE FOUR
...JUNE 23, 1916
Values to $10.50
to Sell for
—Well made Bjiits of long-wearing materials,
and in this season's most wanted colorings, Including navy blue.
Style and fit Is guaranteed.
SIZES 34 to 42
Very Special	
maaaaaoima   tort      ____
t t_st_maSa. tt*«n ca
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Most Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Street
First Vancouver Run of All
"Triangle" Pictures.
'Triangle" Pictures Are the
World's Best Films.
JUNE 26, 27, 28
The Beckoning Flame
The Hunt
JUNE 29, 30. JULY 1
Let Katy Do It
Great Pearl Tangle
Entire change of programme fur latter part of the week.
Matinee (to 6 p.m.,1 ■  lOcChildren (all the time) br
Evenings 16cBoxes (all the time)  26c
Vancouver Theatrical Association
Theatrical   Stage
Employees      4PWSm™
No-11S.I. A.T.S.E.
Musicians' Union
M. H. P. U. Local 145
A. F.ofM.
Moving Picture
No. 348.1. A.T.S.E.
Federation of
Trades and Labor
Congress of
Trades and Labor
Chinese- made Skirts ^Overalls
Turner, Beeton 4 Co., Ltd. Victoria, B. C.
When you recognize this as a
fact yon will boost for tho pro-
dufits of homo industries by cutting out tho imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only govern ment-in spec ted
plant in B, C.
  Ooo.l for ono year'i nobioripllon to The B
„.__—__.     «   a.   ■e^mm.^mV. Fe<lt.r»tionlBt. will be nuUlod  to any ad-
lACTTR   f^A PTlKuroBB In Canada for flO.    (Good anywhere
1UOU AJ* \-^ni\J-/0,h.iUiilr of Vaneoaver city,)    Order lon today.    Remit when eold.
Workers' Representatives to
Either Obey Mandate
Or Get Out
A General Shake-up Which
May Result in Better
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., May 17—{Specinl
Correspondence to Thc Federationist)—In uie various Australian states
there has just concluded the annual conferences of tlie La.bor leagues and
unions, whicli decide the programme for
the coming year, and which puss judgment on the work done by the parliaments during the past year. The conferences just concluded are the most
important that have ever been held in
Australia. For the first time in the history of the Australian Lnbor movement,
the industrial sections of the movement
nre in a position to demand concessions
that they could not compol in former
years. Especially has this been the ease
in New South Wales, which politically
iB the most advanced Labor state in
Australia. The rank and file of the industrial movement feel thnt they have
not had it square deal in the business
of Labor government since the war
broke out, and for sonte time past have
been marshalling forces and consolidating tlieir strength till now they are ablo
to con pel the political party to do their
bidding or make way for those who
Unfulfilled Pledges.
In New South Wnles, the industrialists complain that the government has
only mado any real industrial advance
in the matters of health and education,
while tho real interests of the industrialists, ns defined on the platform of
tho party on all other matters, has been
entirely neglected. The abolition of
tho upper house—a nominee chamber—
in the state parliament, as well as the
abolition of the state governor's office
have not been dealt with in tlie mutter
of equitable industrial laws, the workers olaim that (lie stale government
hns been singularly contemptuous to the
wishes of the unionists.
That Eight-hour Day Bill.
Tt is true the state government hns
passed an eight-hour hill in fact, but in
name only, and is really a Wl-hour-per-
fortilight bill, and does not in nny way
benefit the workers, since none work
more thnn these hours now. What wns
wanted was a statutory eight-hour per
dny bill—that is eight hours every dny,
and no more, which, with four hours on
Saturday, reduces the week to 44 hours.
This the workers have not got, except
in a very few eases where the unions
have beon strong enough to push the
Labor Measures Ignored.
That the industrialists hud a good
ease against the govornment is seen by
the following measures the government
neglected to bring into nctual law—although instructed to do so at the last
conference of the workers: Minimum
wage of j):2.40 per day; equal pay for
women and men for equal work; preference to unionists in all classes of work;
six hours a dny for all underground
workers, the right to work" bill, universal Snturdny half-holiday for everybody
without discrimination; abolition of the
contract system on nil government
work; legalized annua) holidays for ull
workers; abolition of night work for
women, and other tike humnnituriun
To Carry Fight Into Parliament.
If the industrialists did uot succeed
in getting their own wuy nl the conference, which happily they did, then there
would have been a split in the Lnbor
party. Already the industrialists had
prepared for this und had nominated
their own party "ticket," which
aimed nt industrialists capturing the
parliamentary seats, nnd thus currying
out "direct action" in parliament.
There was much to be snid iu favor of
this, for Labor in Australin nt least, ox-
poets its elected representatives to ho
the workers in more than name only, nnd
not subservient to the big interests.
Must Oboy Labor 0r Oet Out.
Well, ut the New South Wnles conference, particularly, the industrialists had
their own wuy in everything, since they
were able to outvote the less radically
inclined. They censured the state parliament und the Holiuun ministry for
not initiating tho workers' programme,
ns laid down ut previous conferences,
The Labor premier, Mr. Holuinn, re
sented this, nnd tidd the conferring in
dnstriulists thut if they dured interfere
with the pnrliameutury pnrty he would
resign with his cnbinet. The nnswer of
tlie industrialists, ut a later meeting,
was to again censure the state cabinet,
telling Holm an pretty plainly thnt, brilliant and eloquent though he may be
(he is Australia's best orator, by the
way), if he did not do whnt he wns
told, he could resign—not on his own
account,   but   because   the   conference
Many Styles
|F YOU want Middy
I Waists you will appreciate the excellent assortments offered here We
have never had a more
pleasing collection and
values were never better.
Middy Waist in short
sleeve style, square collar
and breast pocket; the
collar is in navy or Copenhagen blue, is finished
with two or three rows of
braid; sizes 34 to 42.
Price $1.00
White Middy iu short
sleeve style, sailor collar,
two pockets, and laced in
front with Copenhagen,
navy or red laces; sizes 34
to 42.   Price $1.25.
An all while Middy Waist
is made witli belt and two
pockets, sailor collar and
short sleeves; the model
has red, Copenhagen or
navy laces; sizes 34 to 42.
Price $1.50.
Sir H. Rider Haggard to Confer with
Provincial Organization.
The Provincial Returned Soldiers'
commission, of which H, E. Young, M.
D., LL. D., M. P. P., is chairman, and
James H, Hill secretury, Victoria, has
advised President McVety of Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, who is a
member of the advisory board, that Sir
H. Rider Haggurd will arrive on the
steamer Niagara about next Thursduy.
Sir Rider wns sent from England enrly
in the year to inquire into the plncing
of British soldiers and sailors on farmB
in oversens dominions after the war.
Already South Africa, .Australia and
New Zealand have been visited, nnd
Canada comes, next. A special nieeting
of the provincial orgnnization will be
arranged to meet with Sir Rider during
his brief visit on the coast.
More "White" Fishermen.,'
Advices from Prince Rupert indicate
that a few more white fishermen nre being employed this season along the
Skeena river than in previous yeurs. In
1014 und 1015 the number of "white"
licenses taken up wns 170. In 1JM5 the
number grew to 225, nnd this year to
.'{00. Independent fishermen, who own
their own boats and genr, nre today
being paid 22 cents per fish; while cannery boats get 14 cents each.
O. P. R. Stewards Receive Increase.
Last week the stewards in the employ
of the G. T. P., on the Pacific const service, received a "voluntary'' increase
of .$10 per mouth in their wages. Of
course, the real reason was that the
stewards recently organized, and wero
in a position to enforce their demands.
During the pnst week the daily press
announces that the C. P. 11. service has
emulated the G. T. P. But mnke no
mistake, it was for the same renson.
Organization pays.
(Continued from page 1)
Because We Invested $17,000.00
Above Usual Orders a Year Ago
We Have These Values  .       .
Today in Men's Suits at «P£U-—
—And you cannot find their equal in the city.
A year ago it was obvious to every merchant that prices were going
to sour. These who had cash, protected themselves. This store with its
cash selling policy was one of the fortunate ones and we bought right out
eight hundred suits nbove o\ir usual season's orders. This is why we
have the best values in thc city in suits ut $20.00 '  ,  '
Exuminp. Compare. Don't lake our word for it. See it with your
own eyes. Muteiiuls ure smart and dressy, including excellent grey and
brown/oyelty patterns that will appeal to men of taste. There arc also
plainer fabrics of sturdy quality imported cloths in grey nnd browns
that will prove popular with men of more conservative inclinations. Our
sidesmen never fail to sell to the man who wants to pay this price and
this is not due to any great degree of sulesniunship but to the worthiness
of the suits nml their value.
David Spencer Limited
Phone Seymour M26
Notary Public, Conveyancer
llriiMi  Colmnlila,  Allii-rtn  anil  U'hsIi-
hiKtf.n furiiiH, Niilnnili/.ili.iTi 1'npnrK.
nfii.v Room il, 341 Gamble Street,
(bttioment   Dominion   Hnllilini:.).
Kvnnlng  work  by  ni>|in)ntiii«-nt.
Phono JliKh.   11IH1H.
would no longer sanction his right to be
the Labor lender in New South Wales.
Mr. Holman took thc stand that his
cabinet or himself must not be interfered with by outside conferences, to
which the conference told him that as
they put him and the Labor party in
power, they would see that it did its
proper duty to the workers.
Rosigned, Retracted; Resumed.
Thereupon Mr. Holman and his cabinet sent in their resignations.   This did
not deter the industrialists, for they set
about electing n new Labor leader, hoping to cleanse thc movement, once and
for nil.-   Whether Holman was playing
a bluff or not, when he Baw that the industrialists would compel him to bow to
I tlieir wishes, he withdrew his resignn*
j tion nnd cut the leek.   He enme to the
i conference   and,   in   a   most  eloquent
speech, lasting ovor a couple of hours,
snid he wus prepared to bow to the wish
of the industrialists, since they represented the workers of thc state, bo long
nB they supported him.
Victory for Militant Laborltes,
Tt was a great victory for the Indus*
triulists, as will be seen, since it settles for all time thnt even a Lnbor gov-
'ernment ifl subservient to those who
] elect it to power, nnd must be prepared
to enrry out the workers' programme or
get out of the movement. So next seB-
sion we nre to have some real red-hot
legislation, and the conference has made
tho programme a "specially red one."
A move is to be made ti gainst' the upper
house—the nominee chamber—in the
form of a direct nppenl to the people as
to whether it should be nbolished or
not. Other matters of equal importance
| nre to be gone on with nnd unless 1
mistnke not the coming session will be
n momentous one.
Linos Were Sharply Drawn.
At all events this conference is historical because, for the first time, the
industrialists have dominated the tho
j less radical men of the Lnbor move*
I ment, nnd have put, fnr ull time, the
j parliamentary party in its right plaoe.
lit is true thnt there wns the risk of u
I split in the party, but honest nnd enn-
' did talk prevailed, .and genemlly we
hnve Hhotnhead fur beyond expectations.
] Tn other Australian states, confer-
I eiices have been sitting and the result
! hns been the same. Tndustrinlists have
J carried the day. This had to come in
I the ordinary course of events, though
to be sure, the wur has galvanized the
I workerB to quicker action than would
I have otherwise been the case. The Aiib-
I tralian workers are up and doing; make
\ no mistake nbout that, and great things
j mny be expected from now on,
table solely to it—that the accident
would not hnve happened without it,
and was the result of it.
Presumption with the Workmen.
"Where the accident arose out of the
employment, unless the contrury is
shown, it shall bc presumed that it occurred iu the course of the employment,
and where the nccident. occurred in the
course of the employment, unless the
contrary is shown, it shall bo presumed
that it arose out of the employment."
While thc presumption in this section is
in favor of thc workman, it must not be
presumed thut the workmen are entitled
to compensation if they persist in dangerous practices in spite of the instruction of the employer; if they attempt
to perform other work than that to
which they have been assigned, except
in cases of emergoncy; or if they ure
injured through "lurking" or "horseplay." On the other hand, thc workmen are entitled to recover ,for accidents arising from "acts of God or the
forces of nature," if the injury occurs
in tho course of the employment or
arise out of the employment.
"Should Re Construed in Popular
As has been explained iu previous articles, the compensation cases in England are passed upon by a county court
judge sitting us un arbitrator, and the
decisions' of the nrbitrntorB hnve been
nppealed through the various courts to
the privy council; in fact, the procedure
is the same as that followed under the
old net of this province. The following
nre extracts from judgments handed
down by the higher courts, und they are
an indication, despite the many close
decisions necessary iu muny cases coming before them, of the line of reason-
ing arbitrators and judges of the lower
courts ure expected to follow:
"It ought to be remembered that
the Workmen's Compensution acts
are expressed not in technical but in
popular Innguago, nnd ought to be
construed not iu n technical, but u
popular sense."—Lord Justice Ro-
"This court would be slow to adopt
un interpretation of the act which
would introduce exceptions thut have
not been made by the legislature."-—
Lord Justice Matthews.
"The first thing, 1 think, one has to
do is to apply one's mind to what is
the substantive intention nnd meaning of this statute. "—Earl of Huls-
Ifjry, Lord Chuncellor.
"We have been told by the House
of Lords to give Ihe terms used in the
Workmen's Compensation act their
practical, popular moaning, aad not to
put a technical construction on
them."—Collins, Master of the Rolls.
Entire Change of System.
Having in mind that the courts and
IuwyerB have been entirely oliminated
insofar us the administration of the new
B. C. act is concerned, it may suggest
itself that the interpretations and opinions of the English courts nre of Uttle
value, but it i8 becnuso of the changed
system thut reference hns been made to
these points. The net here is to be administered by n board of three commissioners, who will, in addition to the actual administration, be entrusted with
the judicial functions formerly exercised by the various eo*,irtB through
which an appeal reaches the privy council, and from the decision of the board,
there is no appeal to any court, either
on the law or the facts. Regard must,
therefore, be hnd for the best information obtainable in order that the board
may decide impartially in the many
doubtful cases that will necessarily
Come befcire it for decisions. It is logical that the board will at least consider
the opinions of the House of LohIb in
such enses ns nro on all fours, and for
that reason the writer has referred to
judgments dealing with the sections disqualifying workmen for compensation.
Nexl week other phases of the aet
will be discussed from the standpoint of
the workmen, special reference being
made to sections dealing with the
amount of compensation; how wages
may be computed; the procedure necessary to secure payments nnd what workmen, and particularly workmen with
alien dependents should do to ensure recognition of their dependents in case of
Refined Service
One   Block   wot(   ot   Court   Hoiinb
Vut}   ot   Modern   Ctmpul   nnd
Funeral   Parlor*   free   lo  nil
Telephone Beymour 2425
Pessimist—Ts ho proHperojjs, do you
I hi nt;?
Optimist—Ts hot Why, he owcb twice
what he owns.—.lodge.
Not Too High.
i Wit'ey-—T see by this paper that in
Sumatra a wife can be bought for j&3.
! Isn't thnt perfectly awful?
Hubby—Oh, I don't know!   A really
| good wife would be worth thnt.
There's no fool like nn old fool who
marries a young fool,
I    When n man is nt the end of his nrgn-,
i ment he cusses.   When n woman is at
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1034 Granville St., Phone 8»y. 348«,
North Vancouver — Olflco anil
Chapfl, 122—Sixth Ht. Went, Phone
the end of her nrgumeuts she cries.
"To muke u mnn perfectly happy tell
him thnt he works too hnrd, Hint he
spends too much money, thnt he is
'misunderstood,' or that he is 'different'; none of this is necessarily com-
plimentiiry, but it will flutter him tnfl-
intcly more than merely telling him
tbat he is brilliantfi or noble, or wise,
or good."
Maple 0 Leaf
Dealers in high-grade
Milk and Cream
produced from tuberculin-tested herds and Pasteurized in the best-equipped
dairy on the Pacific Coast.
This milk is never touched by humanhands, and has stood the test in all bacteriological examinations as a safe milk at all times for children.
Delivered to your door
for 10 cents per quart
and Butter Milk
Butter of the Highest Quality
We Deliver in All Parts of the City by
Union Labor     /
We Boast of No Alluring Trophies, but Deliver the Goods
1935 Second Avenue West


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