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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 16, 1916

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Array ITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
POLITICAL UNITT: VIOTOBTI
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY, JUNE 16,1916
(la Vancouver \
 Olty $2.00  /
$1.50 PER YEAR
No Longer Have Any Policy
In Line with Human
Progress
Stand-pat or Plug Becomes
Chief Tactics of Rival
Factions
THE ADVANCED nations of the
earth have been for a considerable
period of timo conducting their affairs
under what is commonly termed government by politics. Modern states are now
governed by political parties. This particular scheme of government has particularly marked that period thut has
elapsed since the downfall of feudalism
and the uprise of capitalist property as
the dominant force in the production
and distribution of wealth. It would
appear that this peculiar type of property and the method of production thnt
goes with it could be best conserved
and protected by n form of government
that, in uppearnnce at leaBt, was based
upon the popular will. Hence the institution of whnt is called popular government, based upon the franchise. This
gradually usurped tho authority previously held Bolely by virtue of the club
of ormod force.
Has Outlived Its Usefulness.
Thc present jjystem of proporty bears
upon its face unmistakable evidence of
having reached the time when it can no
longer satisfy the needs nnd requirements of mankind. In no other manner
is this so clenrly sot forth as in the
complete bankruptcy of thc political
movements that have sprung from it,
nnd whose efforts alone sustain and defend it. During thc period of its youth
and manhood, the capitalist Bystem of
property had ablo and virile defenders,
in the shape of political movements
capable of putting forward lines of governmental policy and action that were
well calculated to enlist the support of
electors, because they were manifestly
in lino with human progress and development.
Oan Beget No New Policies.
But now tho capitalist system is fully
grown. It hns conquered the earth. All
people aro its subjects and itB victims.
It hns nothing further to offer in the
way of advancement and human uplift.
No new policies can be devised to still
further retain the allegiance of the electorate upon which it- has always-.de-
ponded for support. Hence it becomes
more and mote necessary each day to
fall bnck upon the club and gun for the
governmental support required. This
probably accounts in no small measure
fo the "preparedness" and other con
scription schemes now so zealously be
ing propagated and pushed forward.
Hand-picked Booze Artists.
No more striking illustration of the
political bankruptcy of capitalism need
be offered than that of the Chicago display of last week. The republican and
"bull moose" conventions pulled off in
that city, were about the most empty
nnd inane gatherings of the kind ever
held. Thnt is they were empty of
everything but noise. Not a constructive idea was advanced during their sessions. Nothing was even suggested
above tho level of that dull mediocrity
that is alone capable of noisily boosting
some eut aad dried rascality, that has
been hutched in the dark and is to be
sprung upon the unwary, to their undoing. It appears thnt tho vnst majority of dolegates went to Chicago with
no loftier motive thnn the nomination
of eertain individuals who had been
hand-picked for the purpose by interests
0,nt lurked securely in the background.
Upon their arrival theso worthy hand-
picked delegates boosted raucously for
the attainment of the desired end. Once
thnt was accomplished, tho most of
them did nothing further thnn merely
to punish Chicago booze to the limit of
their capacity. It is n matter of current comment thnt in all tho history of
political conventions, thero was never
a more glaring display of ineptitude nnd
political bankruptcy, than nt Chicago
upon the occasion in question.
The Roosevelt Fade-away.
One comforting result of the performance lins been the squelching of thnt
spectacular and self-acclaimed political
broncho-buster, Roosevelt. This person
hns made such good use of his lungs
that many were led to believe him possessed of the virtues and qualifications
that elevate that "worm of the dust"
called man to the category of the gods,
or at least the demi-gods. Ho made so
much noise that it is but fair to sny!
thnt he undoubtedly got to fancying
himself to be something more than nn
extraordinary garrulous ass. The showing he made in tho ropublicaa convention fully illustrates the weight he carries among tho big political boosters of
cnpitulism. The showing he made in
the "bull moose" powwow Bhould mislead no one, for thnt political side-show
wns an abortion of his own making,
nnd wns never calculated for nny other
purpose than that of mnking a loud
noise on behnlf of its author. It now
seems thnt tho garrulous one has declared his intention of quitting politics.
Lot all hands pray that he sticks to
such intention. May it prove true that
this political gnsometer hns been busted
beyond repnir, and thnt his fndc-nwny
will be complete and lasting.
As to Local Bankruptcy.
Though fully realizing the political
ineptitude and bankruptcy of other subdivisions of tho empire of enpitnl, it
might bo well to take n look at tho conditions in this province. An election is
presumed to occur within thc next few
months. Some forty or more human
chunks of political wisdom are to "be
selected to preside over the political destinies of British Columbia for tho next
four years. The word sclocted is used
rnther than the word elected', for two
reasons. The first is that the electors
will havo nothing to say as to who they j
will vote for, as the selection of enndi-j
datea will be cheerfully attended to by'
those   worthy   persons   and   interests!
whom an all-wise providence haB appointed aB guardians and custodians of
wealth and power, in order that the
common herd may bo freo from the burden of empire und not linblo to the
gout from too high living. The second
reason is that in view of the revelations
bearing upon the conduct of the late by-
eloction in this city, the rosult seems
to have been reached more through the,
selection of competent "pluggers,"!
than because of any keen discrimination
upon the part of the elctorate
A enreful scrutiny of the work accomplished by recent sessions of tho provincial house, and more especially of the
session just ended, shows an almost
complcto nbfloncc of any effort to intelligently denl with any of tho pressing
problems thnt nre continually forcing
themselves to the attention of nil thinking mon.
That the condition of lnbor is continuity getting worse in thia province is
patent to overy one who cores to make
note of it That tho combinations of
capital are becoming moro brutally arrogant and reckless in their treatment
of tho workers, is equally a matter of
fact.
"Whites" Being Crowded Out.
That British nnd Canadian labor is
becoming more nnd moro discriminated
against in favor of Orientals ond other
aliens, is a fnct that cannot be well
disputed.
That conditions are becoming such
thut it is u matter of but a short time
until it will be impossible for a British
or Canadian worker to live in British
Columbia, is sufficient to cause thoso
who nre here, no litle unensinesa.
That the precious gang which now
holds the fort of cupitalism at Victoria,
has never raised its hand to offer any
protection to labor against this pressure
towards worse conditions, ia well-known
to every worker who has eyes to see
and ears to hear.
That the equally precious gang that
is on thc outside and that longs with
an eurnost yearning to get in, is nny
more fnvorably inclined towards the
men of labor, thnn those on the inside,
is too ridiculous to be entertained by
nny but fools. Whether this gang
"plugs" itself to victoryli or attains it
by less devious pathways at the forthcoming hustings, the hopes of the workers will he turned to bitter disappointment if any reliance is placed upon its
word to act in Labor's behalf.
Brute Force Last Resort.
The present system of property must
ench day come to depend more and
more completely upon brute force for
its defense. It must more and more
abandon all dependence upon politicul
govornment for protection. It hns no
further policies to offer, thnt in nny
manner conform to tho requirements of
human progress and development. Its
only' policy is to stand pat and depend
upon brute forco for its continued existence. That is why it is politically
bankrupt. That is why such exhibitions
as that pulled off nt Chicago, and the
continuous performance in this province
are possible. There iB no section of
human society longor cupnble of virile
and intelligent political expression
other than-th* working class, and that
cluss is, as yet, too blinded to ita own
and too loyal to its masters' interests,
to act in the matter. But while there
is life thero is hope, and the working
cluss Btill lives. The Federationist
shall still hope.
"JOr-RIDINO SUBS."
"Oood Old Days" Relegated to Oblivion by Vancouver Typos.
In thc old hand days and even until
late yenrs, the "snbs." uround a print'
shop were accustomed to '' hnngin
round tho stone'' every morning or
evening, nt such an nngle thnt the
"slip-board" was in sight. Thon after
"time" hnd boon culled by the "chair-
mnn of the chapel," and the usual fivo
minutes had elapsed, they slipped out
into tho alleyway and held "session"
on the gang. But ull this has been
changed. At lenst in Vnncouver. At
the Province chapel overy morning—
and these are flno mornings, too—the
"subs." can scarcely wait for "timo."
Chnrlie Collier's Ford awaits the gang
at the front door, and tho earnings of
tho bunch is forthwith exchanged for
gasolene. They bid fnrowell to the
"regulars," and* nre soon communing
with Nature in somo one of the many
seasonable haunts along the coast. To
the park today, to a clam-bed tomorrow,
to the bathing beach another day, and
so on.   It's Bure great to be a "sub."
INCREASE FOR STEWARDS
"Voluntary" Raise of $10 Per Month
Result of Organization.
Local officials have announced in the
dnily press that n "voluntary" raiso of
wages has been granted to tho stewads
on their coast service stenmors, from
$30 to 440 por month. Tho fact that
tho mon had recently organized, and
were propured to go on strike if their
demands were not conceded wns not,
howover, mentioned. While on this subject, The Federationist commends this
method of securing betterments in
working conditions to many workmon
who are still outsido tho ranks of organized lnbor. There ure nbout 70,000
wage-workers in British Columbia. Of
these nbout 15,000 are organized, nnd
possibly 20,000 of them nre Orientals.
Whnt about the other 35,000?
7
Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers Attempt to
Secure the Job
Labor Congress, B. C. of L.
!    and W. F. of M. Endorsed McVety
Organizer Scott at Rome.
A. E. Scott, organizer for tho Paintors and Decorators in Caundu, is tuning
n Bpell nt his home in Winnipeg, nftor
being nbsont for nbout eight months.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Juno 18—
MONDAY, June 1&—Boilermakers; Eloctricnl Workers, No.
213; Brewery Workera.
TUESDAY, June 20—Bookbinders; Railway Firemen.
WEDNESDAY, June 21—
THURSDAY, Juno 22 — Milk
Wagon Drivers.
FRIDAY, June    23—Carpenters;
Machinists.
«<\Y7ELL; WHAT do you know about
W that!" exclaimed a Labor Tomple business agent yesterday morning,
as he Bauntered into The Federationist
sanctorium, holding a copy of a circular
letter issued by Division No. 320 of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers.
"Yes sirce, it has suddenly dawned
upon the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers thnt there are other labor
unions in this province!"
"What's the matter now?" queried
The FederntioniBt, as soon as there was
n chnnce to break in.
"Why, would you believe it," continued the visitor, "this brotherhood
bunch arc sending circulars to all the
different unions, asking for the endorsation of ono of their membera ns the
Lnbor member of the Workmen's Compensation bonrd, soon to be appointed
by the government. And the best of it
is thnt the chief qualification of the
new-found applicant is that he is 'an
ex-mayor of Kamloops,' and therefore
eminently qualified to represent the
'laboring classes.' It seems to me these
fellows have a 'crust' to attempt to
pull off a stunt like this, when they
knew full well that the members of organized labor who have worked for this
legislation for years have already, in
convention and out of convention, selected their nominee for this position.
They can all say whut they like nbout
McVety, but he is our ununimous choice
for the job, and the man beBt qualified
in every way for such a position. It is
up to The Federationist to get busy."
And before there was time to catch
up to such a rapid-fire indictment, tho
business agont hastened to his own office
saying things that wouldn't look well
in print.
A Little Retrospective.
Federationist readers will remember
that the B. C. Federation of Labor has
been working on the question of a new
compensation act for this province ever
sinco ita orgnnization in 1912, President
McVety being chairman of the specinl
committee nppointed to go into the
question before "the "Lnbor Commission
nnd, Inter, before the government. After
strong representntioiiB to both the commission and the government, a draft bill
was introduced and laid over for a year.
Endorsed By Lahor Congress.
When the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, representing tho organized
wage-workers of Canada, met in Vancouver in September lust, the premier]
stated to the convention that he intend-1
ed ro appoint a committee to further
investigate the subject and that he;
would be glad if the convention would
make a selection of a man to represent
the workers. President' McVety wns
selected out of a field of five, nnd ut
once appointed by the premier. Later,
in the Bame convention, he received the
ununimous endorsation for the position
of commissioner after the act became
law. The investigation was made, and
as will bo seen in another column of
this issue, resulted in numerous changes
of benefit to wage-workers generally.
Endorsed by B. O. F. of L.
At thc convention of the B. C. Fedc
ration of Labor, President McVety
made an exhaustive report on the subject, the discussion lusting a whole day,
the report being unanimously adopted,
being followed by a resolution endorsing him for the position of commissioner.
Endorsed by W. F. of M.
LaBt Murch tho annual convention of
the Western Federation of Miners was
held at Trail, The president of the B.
C. Federation of Labor, J. H. McVety,
attended the convention at tho request
of tho minors, where numcrouB questions wore answered. Here again he
was given the unanimous endorsation
of the convention, this body representing oil the metalliferous miners of the
interior.
Organized Labor for McVety.
After having received the endorsation
of the Trades and Lubor Congress of
Canada, representing 150,000 organized
wngc-workers; the B. C. Federation of
Labor, representing some 10,000 organized wage-workers outside of the railway
brotherhoods (which, with one exception, have never been nffilinted or in
nny way identified with the rest of the.
unions); the Western Federation of
Miners, representing more than 3000 of
the men who will bo most keenly affected by the now act, The Federationist
believes McVety is entitled to the job,
if it is the intention of the governmont
to permit Labor to nnmo its representative on the board. He hns the necessary qualifications, and his recent experiences in gathering data and firsthand information, combined with the
fact that he has worked in season and
out for thc enactment of the measure,
because orgnnized lnbor had confidence
enough in him to place him in tho position, should mnke it unnecessary to no!-
vise the trnde unionists of British Columbia what to do with the circular in
question.
CIVIC FIREMEN QUITTING
Take Tbls Course Rather Than Organize
and Enforce Their Claims.
As the result of lack of organization
conditions have become so unsatisfactory with tho civic firemen thnt they
are quitting in bunchcB. The remaining
ones are Bpread around to replace the
quitters" and break in new easy-
marks. When will the firemen apply a
little of their bravery to forming a real
union, and asserting their claims in a
manner that will be understood by thoso
responsible?
"JIMMY SKUNK"
RECEIVES HIS DUE
CONSIDERATION
Slimy Thiel "Operative" Used in
An Attempt to Discredit
Organized Labor
A TEAMSTERS'' STRIKE is on in
Winnipeg. According to The
Voice, tho police of that city arreBted
a man during the enrly part of last
week upon tho charge of "inciting to
riot." This happened neur the freight
sheds, when a number of teamsters
and onlookers wore accompanying a
load of freight, which was being handled by scabs. It waB noticed that a
certain mnn in the crowd soemed to
be energetically egging the strikers
nnd others to mnke trouble. In consequence of this he wus arreBted on
the charge mentioned. At the police
station it was discovered that he was
a detective in the employ of the malodorous Thiel Agency. Immediately
upon tbe discovery of this, the charge
wns reduced to one of disorderly conduct. Thus this "Jimmy Skunk" received due and proper consideration
at the hnndB of the police department,
presumably because he belonged to
the same genus ns itself. It is a mat-
tor of wonder that tho arresting officer did not at once recognize the family smell. Had he done so, he could
not have made the arrest without
committing a most serious violation
of family ethics. Then again it may
be that these "Jimmy Skunks" are
so used to their own smell that they
no longer notice it us anything outside of a normal und healthy condition of perfumed Bwcetness. It will
bo well for the teamsters and all other
workingmen to look with extreme
suspicion upon ull and sundry who are
disposed to urge them to acts of violence, either during times of strike or
times of peace. It is almost a safe
bet that such persons cither belong to,
or are agents of some strike-breuking
or detective agency. A skunk is a
skunk, and may bo located by his
smell. Look out, or rnther smell out
for him.
COAST CITIES
ADOPT SATURDAY
HALF-HOLIDAY
Ratepayers Endorsed the Day As
Selected by the Retail Employees' Organization
BEGINNING WITH July 8, the employees of stores und factories in
Victoria, New Westminster and Vancouver will hnve Saturday afternoons
to do as they please. As with the
miners, smeltermcn nnd provincial
government employees, it is a legislative enactment, the choice of day
having been left to referendum. In
Vancouver Saturday received 5522
votes, ns against 1054 for Wednesday. In New Westminster the vote
stood: Saturday, 1040; Wednesday,
101, At Victoria the result wus: But-
urduy, 1853; Wednesday, 1183. Thus
similar conditions will prevail in all
three coast cities.
Some thirteen years ago the retail
clerks of Vancouver had n splendid
union. In fact one of their delegntcs,
W, J. Lamrick, was president of thc
Trndes and Lnbor council. At thnt
time the agitation wns for curly closing of the stores every dny. The
union won out—nnd then died. The
Retuil Employees' organization is not
a full-fledged affiliated union, but it
hns done good work. Thc Federationist trusts it will not suffer n similnr fate. There is still plenty of work
for it to do. Thc miners Inter found
thnt "legislative" provisions alone
were not sufficient. It needed u good
strong organization to seo that the
laws were enforced. Probably the
clerks will profit by thoir experience.
I
AND LABOR
IL
Decided to Oppose Prohibition Measure When the
Vote Is Taken
A. S. WELLS
!
B. C. F. of L. Sec. and Carpenters' Delegate Old
Country Bound
Makes a Few Observations
for The Federationist
En Route
AS. WELLS, secretury-treasuror of
• the B. C. Federation of Lubor,
Victoria, who is en route to Manchester,
England, to represent Canada at the
Carpenters' convention, sailed from
New York on Saturday last. Prior to
leaving he jotted down n few impressions und sent them to The Federation-
ist:
Chicago on "Preparedness."
Chicago has gone on record as being
in favor of war preparedness. The parade, which is estimated to have bad
over 150,000 participating, wus governed, as usual, by thc ruling clnss, which
intimuted to the slaves thnt they desired
them to parade. Hence thoy did. There
were flags of the} United States galore;
also bands of music and different brands
of lnbor were labelled, some as follows
"Dry Goods," "Telephone Operators,'
etc. They were sure dry goods, and
could not boo thnt they were squeezed
nearly as dry ns it was nt ull possible
for them to be squeezed.
"Toronto the Oood."
Toronto the Good is still ns good ns
ever, nnd will shortly be "dry." Jim-
mio Simpson and Jack Bruce arc still
on deck. The curpenters report thnt
trude is a little better. Still lots of idle
men, however. The action of Jimmie
Watters is thc subject ,of much discus
sion in the Good City, especially his ac
tion he the munition workers, and many
ure the threats.
New York Carpenters' Scrap.
The carpentera of Now York are in
revolt against tbe action of the general
president, who hus acted in a very highhanded manner in the recent attempt
by the carpenters to better conditions.
Some sixty-five locals have been suspended by President Hutchinson, because they would not submit to have
their fate with the employers settled
by him, without the wish of the membership in the district being ascertained. Protests nre being daily received
by the New York district council of
carpenters against the action of Genernl
President Hutchinson, copies of which
are being sent to tho general president.
It appears that somo 14,000 of the
union carpenters hnd gone bnck to work
at the advanced rates asked for when
President Hutchinson arrived in New
York. Ho held a meeting the day nftor
his arrival with the employers, and
came to an agreement with tliem, with
out consulting the local officers or mem
bers, and then culled n meeting of the
men the next day, and told them that
they hnd to go buck to work under the
torms thnt had been arrived at by tho
employers and himself. This the men
refused to do, us there were less than
4000 of the 18,000 carpenters belonging
to the different locals still on strike.
Hence the suspension of their charters,
which also includes the charter of tho
district council. An injunction has
been grunted thc local unions restraining President Hutchinson from suspending the locals, or preventing them from
forming new locals, by the supreme
court. The injunction covers the state
of New York, us well us the New York
:ity district. The A. S. of the U. B.
Curpenters, who linked their fates witb
the IT. B. in 1014, nre still receiving
financial support in the New York district from the parent body. This has
been denied the membera of the U. B.,
und makes the fight against the employers more severe. Every credit is due
the members of the U. B. for their
stand-pat attitude under such condi-
iotis. Mny democracy provail over the
spirit of officialdom in the carpenters'
organization, is the wish of nil thinking
meu in the Labor movement.
Dissenting Delegate Admits
the Present Act Is Not
"Prohibition"
NEW WESTMINSTEB, Juno 15.—
Without u dissenting voice, the
Trades nnd Lubor council lust night
passed the following resolution: "That
this council go on record as opposed to
prohibition, as contained in the proposed bill, from un economic nnd social
standpoint, und report this decision to
tho various unions with the request that
thoy help to defcut the prosont measure."
Delegate Knudson, of tlie Cigarmakers' union, proposed tho resolution, declaring that the measure would completely destroy one union and do very
grave injury to throe or four others. He
wanted to see a straight vote ngninst
prohibition, without qualification, because he was totally opposed to it.
Delegate Yates, general secretary, intimated that he would voto for a resolution in that shape, becauso he was in
favor of complete prohibition, Ho agreed
that thoro was not a real prohibition
measure in the United States or Canada.
Tlio legislation tho people had in Kansas, Washington and the other stntes,
and what wus proposed in tins province,
wns not prohibition, but simply trnns-
ferred the business from one body of in-
STREET RAILWAYMEN
Pioneer Division Correspondent Crisply
Covers "Bull-pen" Gossip of
the Week.
[By J. E. G.]
The executive board on Monday ro-
immendod that lenve-of-nbsonce for an
Indefinite poriod be granted Bros. Norman McDonald and ,1. A. Woods, for
military service. The former has enlisted in the artillery and the latter in
the 196th (Western Universities bat hi-
dividuuls and a well-organized trude, tn
private houses and dispensaries. Prohibition, to bo complete and effective,
must pievent liquor being manufac*
tured.
Vice-president Chapman, who was in
tho chair, also dwelt with the injury
the act would do to certnin unions, und
tho fnct' that liquor seemed a necessary
refreshment to tho men in the trenches.
Delegate Knudson renewed his objection to prohibition in nny form, but the
resolution in the form presented found
unanimous acceptance.
Reports of Unions,
Reports of unions showed satisfactory conditions, ns everybody in town
is employed, nnd a shortage in some
lines of trado was noted. Credentials
were received from J. Thompson from
the Street linilwuymen 's association,
and also from tlie Typos, for A. L
Lowis. A communication from the International Garment Workers, warning
union men ngninst a bogus label which
is being used by some clothing ninnu-
fncturers, wns referred to the delegates
to report to their unions.
Cheap Labor Wanted.
Tbe flonrch for berry-pickers to go to
Hatzic this summer, to pick berries, did
not' receive much encouragement from
the peoplo here at the rates offered, and
they nre now offering 85 cents, instead
of 25 cents per crnte, with camp fixtures furnished freo.
lion). We aU join in wishing our
brothers a safe and speedy return.
Application for membership from 20
of our new men were also dealt with.
Business Agent Hoover reported that
Conductor Jas. Hutchinson, who has
been in hospital for some considerable
time, is now mending and hopes to be
out very shortly, although considerable
time will elapse before be will be fit to
go to work.
We have it on very good authority
that Bro. Hugh Kennedy is beginning
to see the light. They say he carries u
copy of Tbe Federationist around in his
hip pocket, which goea to show that
there is hope for our brother yet.
Bro. J. W. Dew's experiences in a
barber shop that did not display the
"union curd'' can be summarized as
follows: "Ho walked right, in nnd turned around and walked right out again."
Make no mistake about thta, the Milk
Wagon Drivers' strike is still on, and
we are pleased to know that most of
the union men have gone to work for
the fair dairies, they having put on
extra rigs to handle tjte increased business. The unfair dairies are working
hard to get back tbe customers that
they lost when they refused to recognize the union. Two more dairies are
about to sign up the agreement, nnd if
organized lnbor stands by these union
dairies all will be well. We note with
regret thnt some of our men are tak
ing milk from unfair dairies. This is not
a mutter to be treated lightly, because
the fnct remains that by refusing to
support other unions you nre undermining your own orgnnization. These indifferent brothers nre known and for their
own peace of mind we vfould suggest
that they do the right thing by organized labor nnd uphold the dignity of Pioneer Division 101.
We understand thnt the civic firemen
have formed a union? Said union (1)
haB received a charter from the "Canadian Federation of Lnbor," whatever
thnt is, which goes to show that the
firemen did not wnnt nn organization
that intended getting down-to business.
For all the good their union will be to
them in Bccuring better wnges nnd conditions they might just as well drop
their good money down a sewor.
Our contribution this week is short on
account of having too much business to
dc in connection with next week's article, which will contain something interesting.
INDUSTRIAL SLAUGHTER-HOUSE
Foley Bros., Welch & Stewart Keeping
Up Average at Big Tunnel.
The second accident caused by n
atenm shovel at the tunnel occurred on
Snturdny, when Poter Cunningham of
Bear Creek lost his life. It appeared
thnt in some way the shovel slipped
nnd Cunningham, who was underneath,
wus caught, death being instantaneous.
Ferby Pettipiece lost his lifo in a Bimi-
lnr way last week.
An accident which cast a deep gloom
over Bevelstoke occurred at the enst
end of the Rogers Puss tunnel enrly
Monday morning, when Olnndo Dupont,
aged 19 yenrB, lost his life. • It nppoars
that he attempted to board an engine
and, missing his step, fell under it, receiving injuries which resulted in his
death for hours Inter—Revelstoke Mail-
Herald.
In addition to those mentioned by thc
Mail-Herald, another victim is now in
Vancouver General Hospital, with a
badly injured or broken back.
COUNCIL PROTESTS
Pass and Forward Protest Against Release of "Aliens."
At last mooing nf South Vancouver
municipal council, upon motion of Coun-
illors James and (irimmctt, the follow*
ing resolution was forwarded to Minister of Lnbor Crothers nnd Hon. W. J.
Bowser:
'Thut this council, in view of tho
fact that so many British-born nre now
out of employment owing to circumstances over which they hnve no control, do strongly protest against the release from internment camps of alien
enemies for the purpose of placing them
on our Canadian railways now in course
of construction, should this action as
reported iti the press be correct, and
that a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the proper authorities."
LONGSHOREMEN'S UNION
Everybody Working and Membership
Increasing Rapidly.
Business Agents Nixon and Sinclair
report a busy waterfront these? days,
und consequently the membership is In*
creasing. Thero will be no less than
twenty new npplicants initiated this;
vening. Tho membership has rench-
d a high-water mark. All arc taking
keen intercut in scale negotiations
along the V. S, const, ns it may affect
local interests later on.
IMPERATIVE NEED
OF LIVE CENTRAL
S
Unionists of B. C. Should
School the Pick of This
The Only Solution Lies in
Renewed and Concerted Action
This Council is organized for
tin. purpose of voicing (he needs
■nd aspirations of Ubor, legislatively and otherwise; and to pro-
• u^JStf* for •"*■» members
or its 'affiliated unions to participate In the discussion of those
practical problems, upon the sola-
tion of wblch depends their wel-
u "f ?'or,te™; Individually and
collectively. With the introduc-
tion of the modorn machinery of
production and the harnessing of
the forces of Nature, it is only fit-
!!n* ,."•»* tne w«lth producers
should participate In the benefits
derived. Wo, therefore, pledge*,
ourselves to unceasingly demand
a universal work-day of eight
hours or less; so long as labor-
power is sold as a commodity. We
■ believe there is more efficacy In
electing working class representatives to write tho law than by sup
plicatory methods; and our efforts
will.be more in that direction In
JS *?i , ar" flrmly convinced
that the future belongs to the only
useful people in human society—
the working class."—Preamble
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Couneil.
SAILORS'   UNION  BUSY
Local Membership Increasing Every
Week and All Working,
lushiess Agonf Burns of the Sailors'
Union of tho Pacific reports the local
membership Increasing each week, and
work is picking Up, with the prospects
for sailors better than for some years.
Socialists Postpone Conference.
The International   Socialist   Bureau
announces that  the socialist peace conference, set for Juno 2-3, has noon postponed   until  .Inly   1;".
Printing Trades to Picnic.
The Winnipeg printing trades picnic
has been fixed for Tuesday, July ll, nt
Winnipog bonch, It will bc a closed dny
for printing in tho Pralrlo Capital City.
Death by violence lias become such a commonplace
thing within thc last two
years that the taking off of
any particular individual
amounts to Uttle more than a
headline in one of the numerous editions of the daily papers. In a day or two it will
bc utterly forgotten or become but a faint memory,
overlaid with accounts of ten
thousand other tragedies.
THE WORK performed by a central
labor body is seldom appreciated by
the average trade unionist. Its ramifications nre such that few save the executivo board members have any idea of
the amount of work and the varied
number of questions which have to be
dealt with in the course of n month.
Frequently the unions which pay the
least heed to the vnlue of a central
labor body, or kick because of some of
its actions, are the very first to seek its
assistance when tbey get into trouble,
either legislatively or with employers.
Outsiders Recognize Ita Value.
Thnt many men outside the trade
union movement recognize the need and
function of a central labor body is evidenced by the fact that when some
"denl" or quostion comes up which
threatens the best interests of the community, the first organization they
think of appealing to for assistance or
publicity is the central lnbor body.
Still a Oood Fighting Force.
In \ ancouver thero are still more
than forty unions ufliliuted with the
Trades und Lnbor council, ns aguinst
more thnn fifty a couple of yenrs ngo.
There is now a dues-pnying membership
of more than 5000, us compared with
more than 8000 prior to the wur. The
possible number of delegates should
reach at least 100, if every union were
fully represented at each meeting. But
slightly more than half that number attend meetings regularly.
Plenty of Material to Work On.
With so many things happening of
world-wide significance, and u provincial situation, from n Lubor standpoint,
with no parallel in Canada, and numerous purely local problems pressing for
attention, it is absolutely imperafivo
that the members of organized labor in
Vnncouver tnke a renewed interest iu
tho affairs of iheir central labor body.
Every union, without a single exception,
should fool it incumbent upon themselves to elect good live delegates to
the Trndes und Labor council—und see
thnt they attend regularly.
Fighting Against Heavy Odds.
The orgnnized labor situation is serious enough, but not beyond regeneration. Admittedly the odds are in fnvor
of the pny-triotic employers just now,
in tnost branches of industry. With nn
Increasing number of voteless Orientnls
and "bohunks" being poured into tho
labor market it seems well nigh impossible to stop tho trend towards demoralization. But what is the good of whin-
lug about iff To merely point out tho
facts will not solve the problem. It
mny nil bo necessary to a Letter understanding of the tusk confronting Labor*,
but without organized effort to buck up
these demnnds for social changes, little
progress will be made.
Concerted Action Needed.
Resolutions solve no problems. They
merely point the way. It is Hourly up
to every union mnn left in British Colombia to take u fresh grip, face the
tremendous odds ngninst them und fight
on. This can be most effectively accomplished by, first, attending the meetings of tlieir respective unions; then by
Bonding tho besl representatives possible to the central labor body. And nlso
to the annual conventions of the B, C.
Federation of Labor and the Trndes nnd
Labor Congress of Canada.
Labor Men As Law-makers.
And on top of all thnt let it be remembered thnt. sooner or later Lubor
will havo to be more fully represented
in the houses of legislation, civic, provincial and federal.
Labor's School,
A good live central labor body, with
the backing of the affiliated membership, is a good preparatory school nppli-
cuble to all of thc above. The members
of organized lnbor in Vnncouver nnd
elsewhere throughout* the province
should nt once set out to huild up nnd
rejuvenate their central labor bodies.
EARL B, PETTIPIECE KILLED
EnUsted at Revelstoke and L*ft Vernon
Last August.
Telegraphic ndvice from Ottawa yesterday places Karl B. Pettipiece among
the list of those killed "at the front"
during the pnst week. He was 28 years
of age, u trainman, enlisted nt Revelstoke, nnd left the training camp nt
Vernon lust August. He leaves a wifo
and child, resident in Vancouvor. Ho
was the youngest brother of R. P. Pettipiece of Thc Federationist, PAGE TWO
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■Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World"
FRIDAY...
...Tune 16; 3010
NOT LONG SINCE we took the opportunity of making a feeble protest against the evident intention
of tho socialist oanditlate for the vino-
presidency of the United States, to inflict tho hated gospel
SLAVES TO of "work" upon all
PURCHASE and sundry, upon the
FltBEDOM. arrival of the oppor
tunity so to do, in
consequence of thc triumph of tho
cause for whioh he speaks. Wo
wore rather inclined to think
that the gentleman in question
wus noae too well informed as to the
real .significance of the socialist philosophy, and as to what would result in the
event of its triumphant assault upon
tho battlements of capitalist privilege
nnd power. We were, perhaps foolishly,
of tho opinion that the abolition of tho
wage system would releguto the curse
of work, to the lumber room of oblivion,, where mnny an obnoxious and ob
scone nuisance nnd affliction have gone
before. It now appears that as ill-informed and crude ns the vice-presidential candidate may be, tho presidential
candidato upon the same ticket' can give
him cards and spades and then beat
him out.
* * *
In tlie American Socialist of June 10,
Mr. Allan L. Benson, socialist candidate
for president, interestingly tells what
would happen "if I were presidont."
That the article ia question wns copied
from some other sheet in no manner detracts from its merit, however. After
dealing with such minor matters as
keeping the country out of wnr aad do
ing various diplomatic stunts as they
should bo dono, Mr. Benson proceeds to
disclose a most clover scheme whoreUy
he would emasculate the supreme court
and thus make it impossible for that
body to perpetrate any more of its "unconstitutional" jokes in the future.
This cunning little scheme is to appoint
eleven socialist lawyers to the supreme
bench, thus rnising its membership to
twenty, ns against thc nine it now has.
This would give the necessary majority
to render snfo any enactment desired by
the other branches of government. Although it is nn exceedingly cunning
schemo, it is a simple one as well. The
capitalists will be properly stung once
it has been slipped over on them, and
in working order. Mr. Benson will attend to that. Of courso nenrly every
ono nt all familiar with thc UniTed
States constitution, ond with the history
of the supreme court, fully knows that
the power to declare nets of congress
"unconstitutional," is n power that
has been assumed by this precious court.
It has not boen placed in that august
body by nny provision of thnt musty
old document' known ns the constitution. It is just n power that has been
taken in ordor to conservo certnin interests in the industrial life of tho nation. A presidont and congress thnt
was hostile to that sort of thing would
find a shorter routo to hoist that precious court thnn the one proposed to bo
followed by tho versatile Benson. To
cut off its meal ticket would help some.
* *      *
Mr. Benson, having discovered thnt
"transportation lies nt the bottom of
our industrial nnd social system," declares that he "would urge congress to
acquire and operate the railroads." His
plan to do thiB is to "buy tho roads
nnd pay in government, bonds whnt it
would actually cost to reproduce
them." These bonds, he suggests,
should run for fifty years, and be paid
from the earnings of the roads at the
rate of 2 por eent. each year. This delightfully simple and clever method of
transforming the present system of property into whatever Mr. Benson haa in
mind, is tn bo carried out in the sntne
mntiner in regard to all other industries
nnd natural resources, even down to the
smnll holdings of the petty agriculturist. Tn make a long story short, tbe
harried slnves of capitalist property are
to obtain their freedom from itB brutal
exploitation, not by kicking the master
class off their backB, but, by pnying
them over a long period of years n right
tidy little sum for staying on. Thoy
are to purchnse their freedom by paying'
their masters countless millions not to.
releaso them. They are to destroy capitalist property by preserving it. Turning capitalist investment, ns nt present
in stocks, bonds and debentures of industrial enterprises, into government
long-term bonds, Ib a revolutionary innovation that need not strike serious
terror to evon the wenkest capitalist
heart. It is a joke, even greater thnn
that gospel of work joke recently
worked over by Mr. Benson's running
mate. That such ridiculous stuff can
bo promulgated by presidential candidates of a socinllBt party, speaks volumes for thoir conception of the goBpel
and doctrine of socialism as laid down
by Marx, Engels and other of its pioneers, Tt also affords a most scathing
commentary upon the intelligence of,
not only he who promulgates It, but Ke
who swallows it, ns well,
* *      *
The enslaved class hns nothing to
purchase from the master class.   The
master class has nothing to sell to the
enslaved. Neither slavery or freedom
are matters of purchase or sale. Neither
are questions of barter. They arc simply questions of power. The master
class holds its slaves in subjection solely because it has the power to do so.
That is all tho justification there is or
ever was for slavery. Slaves that are
worthy to be free must assert their
worth by seizing and holding their freedom. If they have not the strength,
both morally and physically to do that,
they do not deserve their freedom, and
they may rest assured they will never
get it. A slave that would even entertain a proposition to purchase freedom
ought to be forced to retain his chains
through all eternity and mako daily
oath that ho liked his job. The penalty
to bo put upon he who would preach
salvation by purchase has not yet been
devised to properly meet the requirements of the case.
IN THE  CITIZEN, of Lob Angeles,
California,  thoro  appeared recently
an article by Samuel Gompers, under
caption herewith. In the course of his
explanation of the struggles of organized labor and tho pur-
"LABOR ASKS pose underlying its
ITS RIGHTFUL actions, he said, "it
SHARE." makes  for improved
conditions every day,
and makes no claim to the
confiscation of property to bring
every one of our people to an impossible, dead level. The meaning of
the present conditions in the labor
world is that the workers are demanding their rightful share in the increased
productivity of industry and the prosperity of the nation." As the executive head of the American Federation
of Labor, ao doubt Mr. Gompers speaks
by the card, and what he says may be
taken without reservation. His reference to "confiscation of property" may,
perchance, be intended as a dig at the
misguided socialists, to whom has been
attributed a predilection to confiscate
other people's property, once the opportunity presents itself. It is well-known
that thc socialists are the most bitter
opponents of confiscation. That is, it
is known to every onc except Mr. Goinp
ers. These misguided ones have so
aroused his ire through their fault's that
he seems to be blind to their virtues.
*       *       *
Now as to the rightful share of labor,
what is it and how is it to be determined f This ought not to be difficult to
answer. In fact it is easy if onc does
not overlook tho self-evident' truth that
labor is tho sole factor in wealth production. Lnbor nlono produces all
wealth. There is no other factor entering into the matter. It is folly to assert
that natural resources constitute a factor in production, for the reason that
the lnborer himself is impossible, except
ns a consequence of tho existence of
these resources. In fnct he is n natural
resource himself, just ns much as nny
other thing that might bo mentioned.
He meroly happens to be the one natural resource that has the power to convert all othor resourcoB to the service
of his kind. It is still greater folly to
assert that capital is n factor in production, for capital expresses merely
the command of production and the
power to make way with the product
once it is turned out. This power to
seize upon the fruits of industry, instead of being an aid to production Ib a
veritable drag upon iff, aB any one not
blinded with bins can plainly see. It is
in consequence of this drain upon the
productive powers of labor that all
necessity for labor organization and
struggle arises. All that capital draws
from tho productive process, as woll as
the entire cost' of obtaining it, is that
mucb drawn from the workers without
anything being given in return for it.
*      *       ♦
As labor produces all wealth, it is
manifestly clear that tho rightful share
thereof should be all of it. There is no
other conchiBion to be drawn, unless the
drnwing of it shall be shaped so aa to
conserve the interests of those who live
as bloodsuckers, obtaining their sustenance by exploiting nnd robbing the producers of wealth. All pretonce that any
share of the wealth produced by labor,
justly nnd rightly, or evon decently, belongs to ony other than the workers
themselves, is a pretonco that cannot, be
made by any man in the nnme of Labor,
without laying himself open to tho suspicion of being either ill-informed, or
Btrangoly desirous of maintaining
friendly rolationB with thnt clasB in
modorn society that rules, robs and tortures tho working claBB in tho name of
capitalist property and its sacred profits. Tho "rightful share of loborl"
If is either all or none.
to is the value that remains after deducting the cost of materials from the
total value.
* *       *
It may be seon from this that the relative condition of labor is coatinually
sinking, in spite of all contentions to
the contrary notwithstanding. While it
may be possible, or even probable that
some of the workers have gained a little
in wealth volume, the fact still remains
that the percentage of the net result of
the operation of their particular industries, after deducting the cost of materials, that' falls to their hands in the
form of wageB, is considerably loss
thnn was formerly the case. Relatively
speaking, their conditions are worse,
while those of the masters nre appreciably better. It might be well to note
that tlio wage-earners mentioned in the
report, and whose share in tho net product had fallen nearly five per cent,
during the ten years referred to, wero
those engaged in the best organized ami
best paid parts of the industrial fiold,
"mmiufacturing, mining nnd transportation." That the showing made by
the less favorably situated workers in
the unorganized and moro scnttorod industries will bo far worse than thiB,
goes without saying.
* *       *
Bnt all of this merely goes to prove
the contention of tho obstreperous socialist that all of the benefit accruing
from the operation of industry must go
to thc owners thereof. Whatever has
been gnined over the older and more
primitive industrial processes, by and
through the advent of power driven
machines nnd tools into the industrial
scheme, has gone into the coffers of ffio
capitalist class thnt owns and controls
the means and instruments of industry,
and which, by virtue of such ownership
and coatrol, also owns and controls the
workors themselves. The wenlth thnt
comes forth from the operation of nn
industrial establishment thuB owned
and controlled, must belong to the own
ers of thc establishment, and not to the
wage slaves, who sell their labor power
at its gates. If thc workers would take
unto themselves the benefits accruing
from this much more powerful and prolific system of woalth production, thoy
must, ns a class, firBt become owner nnd
master of the entire establishment of
modern indiiBtry. Thus would lnbor be
come sole arbiter of the wealth poured
forth from the induBtrial process. Until
then, Labor eon win no substantial and
lasting material gain.
THOSE WHO CONTEND that the
conditions of labor aro continually
becoming better will receive little
comfort from the report of the commission   on   Industrial Relations, if such
betterment is to bo
MATERIAL determined byjhe re-
PROGRESS lative     amount     of
OF LABOR. wealth   at  the com
mand of employers
and wage-earners. Prom the report wo
learn that "the wealth of tho country
fUnitcd Stntes) betweon 1890 and 1912
incroascd from sixty-five to one hundred and eighty-seven billions, or 188
por cent., whereas tho aggregate income
of wago-earnorB in manufacturing, mining and transportation   has   risen  bc-
from two thousand five hundred and
sixteen millions In 1889, to four thousand nine hundred and sixteen millions
in 1909. Furthermore, the wage-earners' share of the net product of industry in the case of manufactures was
only 40.2 per cent, in 1909, as compared
with 44.9 per cent, in 1889." It may
be added that the net product referred
When it comes to purloining labor
news, without credit, "Joe" Mnrks has
all the other Labor paper editors in
Canada cheated to a whisper. Of course
The Federationist must admit thnt the
Industrial Banner's "Industrial Can
ada" column is an outstanding fenture
of Ontario's nowsy Labor champion
That is why it appears in this great
family journal first.
"Will thc workers always bo ignorant and stupid enough to give their
earnings for the useless? Will they always support millions of soldiers to
kill the sons of other workingmen? "Will
they always build temples for ghosts
and phantoms; and live in huts and
dens themsolves? Will the HpB, unstained by lies, forever kisB the robed
impostor's hands,''—Ingersoll.
From the Free Lnnce, Butte, Mont.,
we learn that the teamsters and othor
workmen of that city are on strike
against their bosses, nnd the miners arc
not with them in the struggle. As Butte
has always been among the promier
union towns, we aro at a loss to understand the why and wherefore of tho present situation. Can it be possible that
workers of Butto are forgetting how to
bo real union mon? Tho organized
workers of Vancouver sincerely hope
that such is not the case.
The striking shingle \veavers of
Everett, Wash., refused to entertain a
delightful little profit-sharing plan of-
fored thom by the employers. Attachod
•to thiB very attractive proposition was
an agreement that the shingle weavers
woro not to belong to a union. While
tho strikers in no way objected to taking anything that was properly coming
to them, they refused to allow a bunch
to be handed to them in that manner.
It may be a long time ore they have another chance to liocomo profit-mongers,
but they will remain unionists and men.
Tlieir action is to their credit,
"My appreciation of tho conditions
surrounding wage-earners and my sym
pathy with every endeavor to bettor
theso conditions are as Btrong as thoso
of any man." This is from John D.
Itockefoll-lf, jr. '' There is none but you
aad mo that has the pooplo's interest
at heart." Thus spake Louis XVI of
France. "Two souls with but a single
thought." What r chummy pair of angels they will mnke, that is if they happen to moot in that happy land where
angels moBt do dwell. And who dare
say thnt they will not? If half we
hear is true, a multitude of more consummate hypocrites and conscienceless
raseals havo already gono there.
When consideration of tho wago
schedule of the District of Columbia
appropriation bill was beforo tho houBO
of representatives, at Washington re
cently, twenty-five "representatives of
tho people" voted against increasing
.the wages of tho street laborers from
tweon 1889 and 1909 only 95 per cent., .$1.50 to $1.75 per day.   As theso wor
thy "representatives" receive but $25
por day for thoir arduous duties, it was
not difficult for them to see that $1.50
per day was quite sufficient remuneration for the lightsome and pleasing task
nf clenning sewers and sweeping np
horse-droppings. If tho impertinent
and unreasonable demands of the workers were not frownod down, there is no
telling to what extremes their inordinate greed might lead them. It is, indeed, fortunate for their moral welfare
that guardians have been provided to
save them from their lustful and unworthy ambition.
The B. C. Federation of Labor came
in for a good deal of criticism at the
hands of President J. C. Watters of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Catiadn,
a few days ago, whilo addressing a
mooting of Hamilton Trades and Labor
council. "In British Columbia, where
such an organization existed, it - had
been more or less of a failure, duo
largely to the fact that those who had
charge of its affairs and those who constituted it forgot to recognize tlie important fact that it was a legislative
body,'' said Mr. Watters. It might be
mentioned in this connection that none
other than President Watters himself
was, at the timo spokca of, presidont of
the B. C. F. of L.
Howe Sound Trip
Bouts leaving Union Dock Daily
at 9:15 a. m. Sundays' at 10:30
a. m., calling at Bowen Island,
Britannia Mines, Mill Creek nnd
Squamish. Returning nt 7 p. m,
Sunday Special, $1 Bound Trip
Terminal Steam
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Seymour 6330
W. R. OWEN
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
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Established 1904
VINEGAR
PICKLING
We operate our own distillery
at Now Westminster, whero our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making aro prepared with
great care from the best selected
grains that money can buy.
Don't forget when ordering
from your grocor to aBk for tho
B. C. article.
B.C.
Vinegar Works
1365 POWELL STBEET,
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Telephone High. 286
III
I NABOB COFFEE
consists of accurate proportions of Mocha and Java
Coffeo, roasted, ground and
packed by the most scientific modern methods.
AT ALL GROCERS
JND
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Grown products
SAVE ALL BOYAL OBOWN COUPONS AND WBAPPEBS
THEY ABE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETH
lirst and third Thursday!. Executive
board: Jamee H, MoVety, president; R. P.
L'uttiplecu, vice-president; Helena Gutteridgo, gonoral secretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Frod Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A,
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL.—
Meets   second   Monday   in   the   month*
Presidont,  J.   McKinnon;   sercetary,    R.    H.
Neelands,  P. 0. Box  66.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Offlce.
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets firat
Sunday of each month. President, Jamea
Campbell; flnanclal secretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey, 4752; recording secretary,
Wm. MottUhaw, Globe Hotel, Main street.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERN ATION-
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays In tho month,
room 205, Labor Temple. President, L. E.
Herrltt; secretary, 8. H, Grant, 604 Goorgia
street.
BRICKLAYERS* AND MASONS', NO. 1
—MMts every 1** and Srd Tuwiflay
8 p.m., Room 307. President, F. Dickie;
corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
F>8; flnanclal secretary, W. J. Pipeaj business
sKont. W. 8. Dagnall, Room 216.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third Mon-
'lay of each month, Room 802, Labor Temple
B p.m." President. A. Sykes; socretary, Chas.
(i. Austin. 732 Seventh avenue east, '
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meets
Ilrst and third Mondays. 8 n.m. President.
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue weat;
secretary. A. Fraaer, 1151 Howe street.
DEEP SEA FTRHERMENR UNION OF THE
PACIFIC—Meets nt 4H7 Onrn avenne everv
Tuesday,  7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, business
scent.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS. LOOAL NO. 91V
meets room 205. Labor Temple everv
Monday. * p.m. President. D. W. MeDongall
1162 Powell utreet: recording seeretary.
R. N. Elcsr. Labor Temple: financial seen*,
tary and bnulness agent. E. H. Mnrrlson
Room 207. Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS"
SOCTATTON, Loral RB52. Offlce. Association hsll. 10 Powell street. Meets everv
Sunday. 2:30 p.m. Thomas Nixon, secretary
MACHINISTS.~N07 182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Fridays at B p.m. President,
■T. Mclvor; recording secretary, J. Brookes:
financial secretary. ,T. H. McVety.   _^	
MTIjK WAGON DRTVERS^TTNTON. No. 9fl—
Meets second nnd fourth Thtirsdnys. Lahor
Temnle. 8 p.m. President. George Anderson.
2310 Prlnre Eilwnrd street: nhnne Fairmont
1720-0. Secretary. RtBnley Tiller, R12 Eighteenth avenue west: phone Fninnont 763L.
HOVTNG" >TrTTTRE~~M~AOmNE~OPERA~
TOFR' UNTON. Local 348., 7. A. T
R. E. ft M. P. M. O.—Meets flrst Sunday of
"ach month. Room 204. Lahor Temple
President, W. E. McCartney: Bnslness
Agent. E. J. rTnttlemayer: Flnsnclsl and Cor-
responding Secretary. H. C. Roddan. V. O
Box 846.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity—
Uranch meets second and fourth Mnndavs.
Rnpm 205, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall. 601 Seventh avenue west; financial secretary. J. Campbell. 4869 Argyle
street; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland,
1.112  Yew  street;   phone  Bayvfew 2698L.
PRINTING PRERRMEN'S UNION (VANCOUVER), No. 6ft—Meets second Tnes-
day, 8 n.m., Room 204. President. W. Bell
2220 Vine street: secretary-treasurer, E
Watennnn, 1107 Georgia street: recording
secretary, W. Shannon, 1739—28th avenue
east.	
STREET AND ELECTRIC^rTilWAY~EM-
PLOYEES, Plonoor Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Tomple, aecond and fourth Wednesdaya at 2:80 and 8 p.m. President. W.
H. Cottrell; recording secretary, Jas. E. Griffin, 168 Twenty-flfth avenue east; financial
seoretary and business agont, Frod A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held first Tuesday in eaoh month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Gutteridge; recording tea., 0. MoDonald,   Box   503;   financial   secretary,   H.
Nordland, P. 0. Box 503.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION. NO. 226,—
Meets last Sunday of each month at 2
p.m. President, Win. H. Youhill; vice-president, W. lt, Trotter; secretary-treasurer, It.
H. NeclnmlH, P. 0. Box 06.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meeta
in annual convention in January. Executivo officers, 1915-17: Presidont, Jas. H. McVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Siverts;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. B. Thompson, P. 0. Box 108; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Vnncouver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow'B Nest Valley), A. J.
Carter. Sec retary-treasurer, A. S. Wells. P.
0. Box 1538, Victoria, B. 0.
VIOTOBU, 8. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUN-
OIL—Meets first and third Wednesday,
Labor hsll, 1424 Government street, at 8
p. in. President, G. Taylor; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 302, Victoria, B. 0.
NEW WESTMINSTER
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.    Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alborta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an aere. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leaaed to one
applicant.
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant in porson to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district in whioh tne rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in nnsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of |5, which will be refunded If ths
rights applied for are not available, bnt not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on tha
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton,
Tho person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns ahonld be furnished at least once
a year,
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate ot 110 an aere.
For full Information application stionlrt h*
made to the Secretary of the Department of
tbe Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. H. CORY.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80600
pajwy^g
\
V*
AND
Porter
^KA Of America  *Q>er
tgmmt hmm wiwmtitTimp noa
Tote against prohibition I Demand per*
aonal liberty in choosing what yon will drink.
Ask for thla Label when purchasing Beor,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee that it ie Un-
lon Made. Thi. 1. onr Label
Phone Beymour 4190
UW(W 4 ***9/Muw«
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Labor Temple Press    Vancouver, B. 0.
What Do Central
Labor Organizations say about the
B. C. Prohibition
Act?
Resolution passed unanimously by the
New Westminster Trades and Labor Council at its meeting on June 14:
"That this Council go on record
as opposed to Prohibition as contained in the present bill, from a
social and economic standpoint, and
report this decision to the various
unions with the request that they
help to defeat the present measure."
The careful attention of every reader of
The Federationist is requested to the above
unanimous action. FRIDAY...
..June 16, 1916
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
GOOD MALT and HOPS,
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling* make
"The BeerJWithout a Peer"
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
THE BREWING of CASCADE   BEER   is   the
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
THE  PRINCIPLE  OP
TEMPERANCE
is good—be temperate in
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
A FOOD AND DRINK IN
ONE FOR SALE AT ALL
DEALERS
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
VANCOUVER
BREWERIES LTD.
Lpffm
HOtEL S FA***"**
   yj
g THE BEW * U  MP
^BREWER'** ^
VANCOUVEI^J
SALIENT FEATURES
E
Some  Differentiations Between New B. C. Act
and Others
Comprehensive  Review  of
Outstanding Provisions
Affecting Workers
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
VANCOUVER and VICTORIA
TEMPERANCE
ia good for all mon; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. The total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what be neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for onr
brands.
BRITANNIA, PALE
OR
PREMIER
WESTMINSTER BREWERY
LIMITED
A. E. SUCKLING & CO. LTD.
VANCOUVEB DISTRIBUTORS
ASK FOR
B. C. Special
RYE
Whisky
Nine Years in Wood
UNSURPASSED
IN QUALITY
AND FLAVOR
EstrtUahed 1903
[By Jas. H. McVety]
(President B. C. Federation of Lubor)
WHEN TJiE Ontario legislature
passed the Compensation act,
drafted by Sir William Meredith, it
Waa considered the bost piece of legislation of the kind on the continent; both
from the standpoint of number of industries covered and its provisions generally.
B. O. Goes Sixteen Points Better.
The British Columbia government,
however, has in its act jiiRt passed mado
at least sixteen distinct improvements
that are of benefit to the workmen*,
quite disregarding the numerous
changes that will enable the employor
to moro easily comply with the law.
Rescue Workers Covered.
For the first time in the history of
compensation legislation, workers engaged in rescue work in the coal mining
industry aro covered, the government
conceding that even though the men engaged in this hazardous work are not, in
many cases, regularly employed by the
company on whose-property the accident occurs, frequently coming from
other properties to assist, they are engaged in snving both lives and property and should therefore be protected
during the time they are engaged in
that work at the-expense of the industry benefited.
"Gas Committees" Included.
Practically the same line of reasoning applied to the caso of men elected
by their fellow miners, or appointed by
the chief mino inspector under the provisions of tho Conl Mines Regulation
act on "gas committees," for tho purpose of inspecting the workings of
mines to ascertain if there is sufficient
gas to make their operation dangerous.
Holding that thoy were a protection to
tlio property, and at the same time reduced the number of accidents, the government included such work even
though the wages of the committeemen
was paid by the miners instead of by
the owners of thc miiioa.
Workers in Small Plants Included.
Under tho Ontario net the board is
given power to exclude small employers
and their workmon where the number
employed does not exceed four or six,
It was held here that from the standpoint of tho workmen, as well as the
employor, that an accident would, if a
number of people wero badly injured,
bankrupt the employer and result in
the workers not receiving nny compensation and as a result all workmen in
industries that are Included under tho
act are covered, regardless of the number employed in any shop or factory.
Short Waiting Period.
Thc majority of acts require workmen to bc disabled for one or two weeks
before any compensation i.s paid, tlui
practice resulting in 40 to 70 per coat,
of the injured workmen not receiving
nny compensation whatever, ns they are
completely recovered before the waiting
period expires. Tho B. C. act pays aft
n period of three days.
Unable to Assign Compensation.
In Ontario the board is permitted to
allow workers to assign their,compensa-
tion ,nnd because there is no medical
aid provisions in tho act of that province, the workers are required to as
sign their compensation to the hospitals
before they arc admitted. This has
been remedied here by taking away
from tho board thc power to permit assignments or attachments of any kind.
Compensation Provisions Better.
Whore children receiving compensation are invalids, their payments do aot
cease at the age of sixteen years, but
continue until they recover their health
or die. Widows are paid a flat rate of
$20 in both Ontario aad British Columbia, but tho Oatario act contains a provision that where *20 amounts to more
than 55 per cent, of the wuges received
by the husband, the compensation is reduced correspondingly. This section is
omitted from the B. C. act. A minimum
of $5 per week is fixed in this province
for tho protection of women and apprentices, aad the compensation cannot
bo less than this nmount unless the
wages are less, then the full wngea are
paid. Compensation is also paid in this
province where the worker has suffered
facial disfigurement.
Board Unable to Commute Claims.
It has been alleged, in some states,
that compensation boards have induced
injured workmen to settle their claims
for lump sum payments, and that these
settlements have beea to the disadvantage of the workmen. Under the B. C,
act the board is unable to commute
without tho consent of the workmen,
except whore the reduction of earning
capacity is less than ten per cent.
Unlimited Medical Aid.
Neither Ontario, Nova Scotia
Washington nets mako any provision
for medical aid for tho workmen, although the absence of this provision is
coaceded in all three places to be
serious omission. California, Ohio and
New York havo limited medical aid pro-
vided entirely at the expense of tho employer, but the first and last of these
states have a waiting period of two
weeks, during which the injured workmen receive nothing but the medical
aid. Here, by agreement betwocn tho
employers and the omployoos, injured
workmen are to receive unlimited medical aid, transportation, hospital service,
crutches and artificial limbs, with a
wniting period of only three days, but
will contribute one cent for ench day
worked to thc medical fund. Any de
flciency in tho fund will bo mado up by
assessing the employers. Arrangements
at present in operntion that nro satis
factory to the workmen and secure tho
npproval of the board, will bo allowed
to continuo and tho workmon who nro
enrolled in any existing scheme will not
require to contribute, tho one cent per
day.
Individuality Liability Abolished.
In this province all employers aro
placed on exactly the same footing; all
pay tbeir assessments to the board, and
the workmen recoive their compensation
direct from that body, instead of, as in
Ontario, allowing the railways to pay
their injured workmen without the payment going through the hands of the
board, this practice causing strong suspicion that workmen were being required to accept less than tbey were entitled
to under the law.
Form of Notice Simplified.
A lot of red tape in connection with
the notice the injured workmen are required to give has been done away with,
this being made possible through the inclusion of the medical aid features.
Board Enforces Safety Rules.
The board is given power to appoint
advisory committees, consisting of employers and workmen to draft rules for
the snfety of the workmen, and these
rules become law after their adoption
by the board. In Ontario no provision
is made for giving the workmen representation on the advisory committees.
Non-resident Allen Dependents.
In Ontario and Nova Scotia no compensation is paid to dependents unless
they nro residents, except where the
country in which the dependents is resident would pay compensation, to a dependent residing in Ontario or Nova
Scotia. This, it is contended by representatives of tho workmen, givos tho
employers tho benefit of tho lower rate
of wages paid to foreigners nnd also reduces the expenses of compensation, because the dependents arc mostly non-resident. Particularly is this true in British Columbia, where such a large number of Chinese are employed, who are
required- to pay a head tux of $500 for
themselves, and oach of their families
that come to the province. Despite tBe
objections of the employers, who contended that compensation should not be
paid in such casos, or if any payment
wns made it Bhould be on the basis of
the relative purchasing power in British
Columbin and the country in which the
dependent resides, the government decided that all workmen should be treat
ed alike, and that' no advnntage woulfl
accrue to the employer of foreign labor
over other employers who had given a
preference to Canadians. The objection thnt money is being sent out of tho
country can best be met by the employers themselves realizing that the
fewer Asiatics employed, the smaller
the nmount of money that will go to
dependents in China, .Tnpan and India.
BARBERS' MAT SPEND
MILLION ON HOSPITAL
A $1,000,000 sanitarium for the treatment of tuberculosis among barbers is
advocated by a committeo composed of
the general officers of the Journeymen
Barbers' International Union of America, in a report mado public this week
at New York. This committee recently
inspected the homo and sanitarium of
tho International Printing Pressmen's
union in Eastern Tennessee. The extent
to which tuborculosis exists among bii_
bers also haa been investigated by the
committee, which is expected to report
thereon in September.
Don't condemn the Labor movement
because you know of "objectionnble
features." Every man and'every human institution hns some imperfections.
I
Splendid Demonstration of
Revolutionary Sons
of Toil
Soldiers  and Workingmen
Fraternize and Cheer
the Cause
WHILE THE daily press goes the
/ limit iu stuffing its readers with all
that occurs in the line of military and
naval activities and, in many cases oven
goes so far as to record thingB that
never happened, much thut might be of
great interest to the workors and other
progressive and well-disposed persons,
is carefully covered up or ignored.
This is quite as it should be in view
of the fact that the world's news service is controlled by the dominant
classes of the various countries, and is
used solely for the purpose of disseminating such information as may suit
rulers aad ruling class interests. It is
scarce to be expected that roliable information relating to working class activity, more especially if such activity
should take on a revolutionary tinge,
would be freely disseminated through
channels under such control.
Slow Freight.
For that reason anything that may
occur in Europe indicating that the
workers are' in rebellious mood against
either the peace or war schemes of their
rulers, is carefully kept out of the despatches and tho Labor world learns of
it only through such underground chan
nels as may escape tho notice of the
censor. Such information must come
through by slow freight, as it were.
In Commemoration.
On Jan. 22, there occurred in Petrograd a strike of something like 100,000
workers. It was a 24-hour strike. It
was not a strike for wageB or shorter
hours. It waB called for the purpose of
commemorating the bloody day in 190(1
whon a peaceful procession of working
class petitioners was hacked to pieces
by the brutal Cossacks of the Czar. It
was called on the 10th anniversary of
"Bloody Sunday." Tbe call met with
almost unanimous responso throughout
the tntire factory districts.
Tbe Red Flag.
During the day many street demonstrations were held and soldiers mot
and fraternized with the strikers. Train
loads of soldiers passing tho strikers
waved friendly greetings and cheered
the red flags as they filed past. On Jnn.
(Continued on page 4)
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
LET THE
Hillcrest Dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
Valley.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT   1934
m Hillcrest Dairy
131 FIFTEENTH AVE. WEST
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
HOTEL ST. REGIS
(Strictly modern), one block from Labor Tomple.   Here, every comfort
awaits you.
TRANSIENTS fl.00 PER DAY AND UP
LOW RATES TO PERMANENT GUESTS
Union Cigars and best brands of beverages our specialty.
First-clan cate ln connection,
—no boots like the
Leckie Boots
—for the wear-and-tear conditions of work in the field—in the
hills—in the logging camps—anywhere—where the hardest
knocks are given to footwear.
The House of Leckie has
years and years experience
of British Columbia underfoot conditions, and is
making boots that
will stand up under the
toughest and hardest use
to which a boot can be put
as a result of this experience.
Thc Leckie stamp on a
boot is their guarantee to
you but—
"The quality goes IN
before the name goes ON
—that's a LECKIE."
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what itB name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoos without the  Union Stamp  are
always Non-Union.
BOOT A SHOE WOBKEBS' ONION
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. P. Tobin, Pres.     C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
PITHER & LEISER, LTD.
WHOLESALE
WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS
VANCOUVER
VICTORIA, B.C.
RBPRESBNTINO-
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher it Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Book, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Preller ft Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc, eto,
Milk Users!
ARE YOU STILL SUPPORTING A NON-UNION
DAIRY?
OUR DELIVERY SYSTEM COVERS ALL TERRITORY SOUTH OF FALSE CREEK, WEST OF
BRIDGE, TO THE FRASER RIVER
SOU-VAN MILK
Fairmont 2624 Fairmont 2624
Do It Now!
Water Heaters for Summer
Hot water is as much a necessity in summer as in winter. After a day in the woods
or on the water, what is more refreshing
than a hot bath?
It's the heating of the water in summer
that is the problem.
The Gas
Water
Heater
gives you all
the hot water
required,   at
a nominal
cost.
Heats  the
water, but
won't heat
the house.
THE PROBLEM SOLVED
The cost of installation is low—$20 connected for the best water heater made.
LET US INSTAL ONE FOR YOU
The pleasure and satisfaction you will get will
make up a hundred times for thc outlay.
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granvivle,
Near Davie PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH. COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
...June 16, 1916
A Great Value in
Men's
Shirts
AT
$1.00
—tin* groiltosi values this storo hns ever offered; nmdo of tlio very boat ot
shirting fabrics, in nil slaea nnd a variety of neat colored stripes, in nil
sizes, and with roomy body nnd full length sleeves.
Value nnmntohablo, ench » '
M^BudsorfsBauCompanji. m
[^J     life        NlWWt ■  lUM-JoT IIMti  MHHIMjWIMj V
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Most Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
REX THEATRE
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Street
First Vancouver Run of All
"Triangle" Pictures.
•Triangle" Pictures Are the
World's Best Films.
MONDAY, TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY
JUNE 19, 20. 21
The Missing Link
Because He Loved Her
THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
JUNE 22. 23, 24
Between Men
Dizzy Heights and Daring Hearts
Entire ehango of programme for latter part of tho week.
ADMISSION
Matinee (to 0 p.m.;  10c Children (all the time)  6r
Evenings 15cBoxes (nil tho time)  25c
"BIG HORN" BRAND
UNION
MADE
WHY NOT WEAR THE BEST ON THE MARKET?
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, MACKINAWS ,
TENTS,'ETC., ETC.
give vounatir sathmction ono a ■■mix columimn
IHOU1TRV WUR MTMIMU It UIIHS TH* MJPIMOR UMNO
Chinese- made Shirts fi^ Overalls
MUST GO!
TH
UHlOn-HADL
RN BRANF
BUTTING AHEAD.
IQLD »Y «U THI jJMBIMO »TO»[»
Turner, Beeton 4 Co., Ltd. Victoria. B. C.
WHOlflMLCM ANO MARUrUTVRISe
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital $16,000,000 Eest  (13,600,000
Main Offlce:   Oorner Hastings and Granville Streets, Vancouver
CITV BRANCHES LOCATION
ALMA ROAD Cur. Fourth Avenue and Alma Road
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cur. First Avenuo and Cumtnercial Drive
EAST END Cur. l'under nnd Main Streeta
FAIRVIEW Cur. Sixth Avenue and Oranvllle Street
HASTINGS and CAMBIE..... Cur. HaMlntf. and Cambie Streeta
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Kinlitli Avenuu and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor, Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cur. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraaer Ruad
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
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TRADES
LABOR
Short, Snappy Session of the
Capital City Central
Labor Body
Many Subjects Discussed by
Increased Number of
Delegates
[By Frank Hold ridge]
VICTORIA, June 8,—President Taylor oponed lust night's regular mooting of the Trades and Labor council
with all officers present and a good attendant of delegates. Credentials wore
received from the Buratnders for H. W.
Tyson, from the Machinists for- J. A.
Nicholson, and from the Bookbinders
for R. Posllete und R. T. Williams, all
being accepted and delegates seated.
Anyox Strike Settled.
The secretary read two telegrams received from Anyox, B, 0., the second
stating that the strike was favorably
settled.
Labor Bureau Scheme.
The regular order of business was suspended for the purpose of allowing Afiss
Wileman to speak on thc Labor Bureau
question. She spoke at length oa the
subject, after commenting on the nation's calamity .in losing Lord Kitchener. She claimed that the labor bureau
was to solve the unemployment question
nfter the war, and her scheme had beon
endorsed by several well-known members of parliament. Later in the evening, when the question came up, the
memorial was simply received and filed.
Labor Day Programme.
The special committee on the Labor
Day celebration reported aad presented
n draft programme of sports, etc., which
was accepted.
Munition Workers' Grievances.
The special committee for the purpose of securing information re wages
paid for munition work, was instructed
to draft a letter to forward to Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, setting
forth conditions as the committee found
them.
Civic Employees' Hours and Wages.
The special committee re hours and
wages on civic and municipal work had
visited Saanich council, where they had
been courteously received and promised
that the nine-hour day would not prevail except in case of absolute necessity. The city council promised to take
the question of wages up. Tn the meantime the committee was instructed to
keep the matter before them,
Endorse Equal Bights' Association.
The council went on record "ns endorsing the stand of thc B. C. Equal
Rights' association, and to lend what
moral support lay in their power to further the interests of that body."
Ohild Labor in Machine Shops.
The executive committeo was instructed to take up a question that a
delegate brought up regarding the employment of child labor in the mnehiae
shops of the city, The delegate reported that he knew of a boy, 1(1 years old,
working 12 hours a day or night.
Importing Old Country Boiler Makers.
Organizer Read, of the Boilermakers'
International, was present, nnd was
asked to speak to the council, His remarks were chiefly on local conditions
in the V. M. D. and Yarrows, Ltd.
Twenty men had been brought from tho
Old Country to work at Yarrows, aad it
was stated that 110 more were on tho
way. This was considered unfair, after
the commission, only n short time ngo,
took hundreds of men away from here
to the Old Country nnd again hundreds
of boilermakers wero much nearor here
than the Old Country.
Attendance Is Increasing.
The attendance of the meetings hnve
been increasing every meeting. Locals
seem to be taking moro interest these
days; so keep it up nnd if yours is one
of the few locals not represented, send
in your credentials at once.
New Bylaws and Constitution.
The Declaration of Purposes of the
newly-adopted bylaws and constitution
roads: "For the purpose of oxtending,
strengthening nnd perpetuating the organization of labor in the city of Victoria and surrounding districts; to improve its present socinl condition; to
resist thc impositions of additional burdens: to mitigate the evils of unjust
legislation; to work for enforcement of
existing laws favorable to labor; to oppose immigration of Asiatics and any
othor nationality of a lower standard of
living than obtains in Canada; to work
for the establishment of ns near ns possible of n six-hour day in nil branches
of industry To disserninnte knowledge,
and in every practical way advance the
aiatorial welfare of the wagc-earaers,
individually and collectively, the various trades and labor organisations of
the city of Victoria and district do
hereby combine their influences and
adopt the following constitution, bylaws
and rules for tlieir future guidance."
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UWITIB
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II
AND LABOR
A Short Interesting Session
Last Evening with a
Fair Attendance
Diversified Number of Subjects Disposed of In
An Hour
LA8T NIGHT'S meeting of the Van-
eouver Trades and Labor council
was fairly well attended, and a divers!
fled number of subjects were dealt with
.Several new delegates were seated.
Delegate Crawford, for the purlin
mentary committee, asked the council
to do everything possibly to prevent the
hiring of strike-breakers in Vnncouver
to be shipped tp Winnipeg, where (lie
Teamsters are on strike. This recommendation was concurred in.
The strike at Anyox, B. C,, had been
settled in favor of the miners.
Reports of Unions.
Delegate Knowles, of the Letter Carriers', reported that they would hold
their annual picnic at Bowen Island on
July 15.
Delegate Harrington, of the Vancouver Theatrical Federation reported that
the prospects of getting tlieir trouble
settled up amicably with the "movies"
were such that no statement could be
made just now.
New Business.
A letter from Col. Duff Stuart, stating
that District 18, U. U. W. of A., had
objection to the employment of
"aliens" in tho Crows Nest valley eoal
fields, as they were union men. Delegate Youhill, Typos., protested and
moved that the question be taken up at
Ottawa. Delegate Trotter urged that
Secretary Carter be communicated with.
Delegate Smith wanted to know if the
Alien Labor law was still operative,
President McVety replied, "Yes, ns
much as it ever was." Delegate Bon-
son pointed out that Col. Duff Stuart
had evaded the questioas submitted. No
mention had been made of Anyox or
the Britnnnin mines, chietly opernted
with "aliens." Delegute Youhill stated that oven recruiting ollicers had beea
debarred from landing at Anyox, lt
was decided to write Col. Duff Stuart,
asking for more specific information.
Delegate Nagle referred to the
"strike" umong civic firemen. Prcsi
dent McVety pointed out that these men
were "organized" in a "Canadian"
union, having no affiliation with the
Labor movement aad wero therefore en
titled to no consideration at the hands
of this council.
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Delegate Trotter reported that it had
been alleged that the Henry Birks Co.,
jewelers and manufacturers nf "patriotic" badges, had fired all tbeir white
janitors and replaced them with Orientnls, Delegate Campbell, carpenters,
said the building owners were responsible for the change. The secretnry was
instructed to writo for particulars.
Delegate Nagle moved that the president attend the next meeting of tho
civic lire und police committee, with a
view to keeping tab on the situation on
behalf of the council. Delegate Harrison felt sure the firemen could be won
over to the trade union movement. Delegate Benson objected, unless the firemen first asked for his services.
Delegute Crawford moved that tho
secretary bo instructed to write the
manager of the Vantages theatre, asking him to place a "union" clause iu
the contract for his proposed new
theatre.
" 'Philosophy is what conies to a
man of forty when he has at last reached the conclusion that nothing is permanent but change, nothing worth
while but growth and nothing worth
keeping but his enthusiasm."
A San Francisco woman who married
two men through n technical error told
Judge von Nostrum! she had one husband too mnny. Some women, with
only one husband, have beon heard to
utter the same sentiment,
Don't forget that organization increases wages aad shortens the working
dny.
The Oat Is Out.
Said the Daily World, prohibition organ, editorially, on Monday last: " .
. . Seattle and Portland merchants
would not change back to the bnrs on
any terms. They are now getting the
money that used to go to the liquor
men."
May Amalgamate,
Conferences between the Bricklayers
nnd Stune Cutters huve reached the
point whore the ofiicials of the latter \
organization have prepared a proposition to submit to tlieir membership for
amalgamation into the Bricklayers',
Masons' aad Plasterers' International
union.
Don't be blind to your own interests;
unionism helps nil workingmen.
"Almost everyone (eicept, maybo,
those who earn their living by writing)
wants at some stage of his or her earthly pilgriaiage to bo a writer. But tho
road to literary prominence is bumpy. |
All too short, for most aspirants, is tho
journey of their manuscript from typewriter to waste-basket. Tho great majority give up nnd go into more dependable occupations, such as mixing dynamite in ammunition mills, or playing
poker oa passenger steamships. A few,
reasoning that tho vast quantities of
published matter must bo written by
human beings and that some of these
human beings must occasionally die and
leave vacancies, stick to the weary task,
and finally, when they are too old or too
tired to enjoy success, achieve it."
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Oonrcll.
Friday, June 19, 1891.
J. A. Fulton reported progress ro
drafting letters to the imperial parliament, marine department at Ottawa and
Dominion Trades nnd Labor Congress
with reference to the influx of Chinese
at this port.
Wm. Homing reported for the dry
dock committee thut the Dominion charter grnnted the compnny did not con-
jtlict with the charter under which the
j company receives a bonus from Vancouver.
j Geo. Irvine, walking delegate, said
| that he had had difficulty with several
small johs, but in every case where men
were shown thnt they were nctiag contrary to union princip.es, they immediately quit work.   Trade fair.
Councillor James Denies Statement,
Councillor .T. O. James, of ward five.
South Vancouver, called upon The Federationist on Tuesday. The corrcspon-
j dent of the Street Railway Employees'
I union last week mado roference to Mr.
j.Tames, and attributed n statement to
him that he had advocated the employment of women on the locnl streot. railway sorvico. This Councillor James emphatically denies. And The Federationist is plensed to make the correction.
Tho councillor stntes thnt nfter calling
attention to the fact that men who hnd
joined were replaced by men equally fit
to fight the battles of their country.
This would be impossible in England,
as there men unfit for militnry service
replncod those who had joined the
forces, nnd when unable to do so by
men, their places were filled in some
towns by women.
Phone Seymour 6125
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HARRON BROS.
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North Vancouvor — Offloe and
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134.
PETROORAD WORKERS
REMEMBER BLOODY SUNDAY
(Continued from page 3)
2)1, u gront demonstration took place iu
one of tlio public parks, soldier* and
workmon mingling freely together. Re-
volutionnry songs were sung, speeches
wero made nnd the demand for pence
and popular liberties was hailed wilh
tremendous outbursts of enthnsinsm nnd
applause. Tlio presence of large numbers of soldiers in the crowd seems to
havo held the police in check, for no
attempt nt violence was mnde. Not
evon threatening language was indulged
in by these usually valiant and zealous
gnnrdinnH of ruling class "law and order."
A Struggle for Liberty.
That the Russian workmen are capable of making a struggle for liberty
wiiH amply shown during tho revolutionary period of ]0O5-ll)O(i. Thnt they
hnve not lost their spirit and determination, although that struggle wns
drowned in blood, is indicated by thoir
notions as roferrod to nbove.
It is a good omon for the futuro that
out of lliia welter of wnr madness thero
still survives that' spirit of revolt
against rulers and their atrocltios that
will not down, no matter what the apparent odds ogninut it.
It is a veritable rainbow of promise
to the workers of nil lands thnt the immediate futuro, close upon the hook of
tins fratricidal war, will bo fraught
with happenings portentious of the
timo when Labor shall have written its
declaration of freedom from exploitn-
tion and enforced its decree.
By all rules of logic that spirit of revolt Bhould be oven moro pronounced in
the countries nf western Europe, bo-
cause of their higher development nlong
the lines of capitalism. It is fervently
to be. hoped that such is tho case, but
time alone can tell.
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OUR BUTTER MILK IS CHURNED, NOT SOURED SKIM MILK
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Butter of the Highest Quality
We Deliver in All Parts of the City by
Union Labor
We Boast of No Alluring Trophies, but Deliver the Goods
1935 Second Avenue West
PHONE BAYVIEW 1417

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