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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 17, 1916

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 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITT s^BBNOTH.
Stair-
omblAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND 1,AB0B COUNCIL AND R 0. FEDEBATTON OP LABOB
. POLITICAL UNITT: VIOTOBTI
EIGHTH Y_K
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, MARCH 17,1916
(la Yanooanr\
OUj.QAOO)
$1.50 PER YEAR
NEW^clEOULE STREET
Trail Convention Compiles a
Draft Measure for
Discussion
Unanimous Decision to Re-
Affiliate with the B. C.
Federation
TKAIL, B. C., March 14.—(Speciul to
Tho Federationist.)—The moat important business coming before the convontion of District 6, W. P. of Miners, held
here last week, was the consideration of
the report of the scale committee. The
report contained a complete wnge schedule, which will bo tho basis of negotiations with the employers ia connection
with a iyjw agreement. The schedule
was carefully gone over by the convention, rovised to its satisfaction, and formally adopted.
The schedule as approved was then
aent up to a conference, composed of
one representative from each local^in
thc district, which will meet at Nelson
next Sunday. These delegates will be
empowered to take final action on the
schedule in order that it may .bo sub*
mitted to the employers.
The appointment of a subcommittee
of three was authorized, which should
take up the question of the new schedule, as approved at the Nelson conference, with the employers,, conduct all
negotiations, and generally take all
nccessucy aetion to obtain the object's
sought. At all conferences and consultations of this subcommittee a member
of the district executive board and of
the executive of the W. F. of M. must
bo present.
When an agreement is reached between the subcommittee and tho employers, it Bhall be submitted for a re
ferendum vote.
Affiliate with B. 0. Federation.
It was decided by unanimous vote to
take immediate steps for the re-affiliation of the organization with the B. C.
Federation of Labor. Tlie delegates
were apparently of one mind on the
subject, the action being taken after
very brief discussion, in which Mr. J.
H. McVety, preBidont of the Federation
nnd Mr. D. Knes, executive board mem-
bur of District IS, U. M. W, of A., took
part. It waB also requested that H. A.
Stewart bo placed on the Federation's
Hsi of vice-presidents.
The convention discussed tho lack of
uniformity in tho wages now being paid
in the various camps. The Bcale is
graduated according to the prevailing
price of copper, and in some mines it
waB said that no attention was boing
paid to computing the wage on the prevailing-advanced prices while, in othor
cases, the higher rate was being paid.
Tho matter was referred to the scale
committeo with instructions to see that
the miners in all camps wewe paid at
the uniform rate.
Formal Resolutions Adopted.
Resolutions were adopted by the convention as follows:
For the strict enforcement of the 8-
hour law. Resolution introduced by
Phoenix local in connection with underground work of contract miners.
Favoring the principle of equal pay
for men and women for equal work.
Favoring old ago pensions for thoso
over 60 yearB of age in order to do
away with unnecessary suffering.
Total expulsion of Asiatics from the
mines owing to the danger to all bo-
cause of their ignorance, natural timidity and inability to understand the
English language.
Favoring the extension of the fran
chise by granting of voting privileges
to women.
(The action of tho convention on the
subject of the Workmen's Compensation act will be found in another column
of this issue.)
President Moyer, of the Western
Federation was present at the convention and took part .in the deliberations.
At its close he addressed the delegates
on the subject of contracts and time
agreements. In reply to an inquiry, he
said he was hoping for the establish*
mont of a universal transfer card. He
also addressed largely attended moss
meetings of the minors at Trail on Saturday night and nt RosBland on Monday night. In company with Exocutive
Board Member Davidson, ho is now
making a complete tour of the various
camps in the district, addressing tho
men on the subject of their general welfare.
Election of Officers.
Officers for the ensuing year wero
chosen by the convention as follows:
President, Jas. Roberts; flrst vice-president, Glen Marshall; second vice-president, John Docksteader; secretary-
treasurer, A*. Shilland. Jas. Roberta
was chosen as fraternal delegate to the
convontion of District 18, U. M. W.
of A.   ■
It was decided that the next convention should be held in Rossland.
The Trail convention waB thoroughly
representative, all sections of the field
being represented. The revival of the
mining interests in the district waB reflected in the interest and enthusiasm
with which the delegates took up tho
work coming before the sessions.
UNIONISTS SHOULD     v
GIVE PREFERENCE TO
"FED" ADVERTISERS
Merchants wit advertising in
your paper (The Federationist)
do not doBiro your patronage. Do
not force it on thom. Patronize
those who patronize the .only
weapon of publicity in the hands
of organized labor west of Winnipeg. But, of course, members
of affiliated unions are urged to
demand the Union- Label when
making purchases.
RAILWAY EMPLOYEES ASK
FOR A WORKING WEEK OF SIX DAYS
STREET RAILWAY MEN of British Columbia have for the first
time placed their demands for a six-day week for men engaged
in this field of work in the form of' a request for legislative action. This, does not mean that it is the first time the men have taken
action on the plan, as the local organization has several times expressed its opinion in favor of the six-day week. This action was
taken, however, in connection ^ith the consideration of working
conditions forming part of wage agreements, and did not contemplate
that the rule should be worked out by means of government regulation. During recent years, legislation providing for the six-day week
on street railways has been passed by a number of Canadian provinces
and the regulation has been found to work to the advantage of all
concerned. On the basis of this practical showing, the various locals
representing employees of the B. C. Electric railway, took up, the
matter early this year. The discussion in the various locals favored
the plan, and the officials were instructed to approach the provincial
authorities on the subject, as the result of which a conference of representatives of the street railway men and the premier was helcfin
Victoria last week.
Conference with Premier.
At thiB conference, which wns attended on behalf of the men by Presidont Cottrell and Business Agent
Hoover of Vancouver, Bro. Yates of
New Westminster, and Bros. Nock,
Nunn and Dewar of Victoria, the arguments in favor of the regulatio'n were
dismissed at length. Special reference
was made to the fact thatVby adopting
the plan, British Columbia would be
getting into line with Ontario, Alberta,
Manitoba and Saskatchewan, where
such a rule now prevails.
The premier paid close attention to
the representations, and then stated
that the government would take the
subject under consideration. Thoro was
somo doubt in his mind, however, ns to
the manner in which the requested legislation should be covered. It was a
question as to whether tho subject wns
within tho field of the provincail tramways act. Should it be found necessary
to pass special legislation on the matter, the Bubject would have to be very
carefully considered as the government
might not introduce any legislation of
that class at the present session.
Resolution Favoring Flan.
The requeBt for the six-day weok, as
mndo by tho Vancouver local, was in
tho form of a resolution adopted laBt
January as follows:
"Whoroas, it is universally recognized that any person having a period
of rest after working six days and before commencing another weok, is both
mentally and physically a better citizen, and,
"Whereas, the street railwaymen of
this provinco of British Columbia havo
no legislation enforced wheroby they
are guaranteed a period of rest after
working aix days, .
'' Therefore, be it resolved, that we,
the members of Pioneer Division, No.
101, of the Amalgamated Association
of Street and Electric Railway Employees of America, hereby go on record
as boing unanimously in favor of a six-
day week for Btreet and electric railway
employees in this province, and,
"Bo it furthor resolved, that we instruct our committee to bring the matter before the proper authorities with
tho idea of having this legislation enacted in our behalf aB soon as possible.'
Ontario Legislation.
The six-day week is secured for
street railway employees in Ontario by
means of clauses in the Ontario Railway
and Municipal Board act which read as
follows:
"(1) The board may regulate the
hours during which conductors and motormen employees of a street railway
company may be required or permitted
to work, but in no case shall an employee be permitted to work more than
six days in a weok or ten hours per day,
nnd wherever practicable and reasonable such ten hours' work shall be performed within twelve consecutive
hours. (2) The power conferred by subsection 1 may be exercised notwithstanding the provisions of any agreement between a municipal corporation
nnd a railway company as to hours of
labor.''
It iB understood that the legislation
covering the subject in Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan is, in the main,
similar to that prevailing in Ontario,
having been copied from tho regulations of that province.
The power behind tbo Ontario legislation is purely civil and the question of
the violation iB one which must be
brought before the courts in the form
of a penalty demand. The wording is,
however, very rigid ns it prohibits, on
tho other hand, companies from requiring the men to work and, on the other,
prohibits the employees from working
evon if he so desires.
Arguments for Six-day Week.
Tho nrgumonts in favor of a six-day
week on street railways are strong, the
majority being classified under tho principle of "Safety First," a policy on
which nearly nil great railways are
now placing great emphasis. There is
also the humanitarian sido of the case,
tho rule guaranteeing to tho workor
constantly some extended period of
time for recreation or being at home
with his family.
Ono of tho results of tho new rule,
should it be established, would be that
employment would be provided on tho
cars for a larger number of mon.
Members of the street railwaymen's
union state that so far, officials of tho
B. C. Electric have never taken any
part in connection with tho discussion
on the six-day week. It is thought
that they were willing to allow tho
matter to be regulated, in general, according to the declared wish of the men.
Another Film Favorite.
Mr. R. D. Freeman, operator nt the
Strand theatre, announces tho arrival at
his home on Tuesday, March 14, of a
fine baby girl.
"Jim" Grier Turns a Role.
Still another British Columbia newspaper has Buccumbod to war condition. Editor "Jim" Grier announces
that tho Slocan Record, New Donvor,
will close up with the current issuo. In
calling "30," ho wallops local business
mon who send oast for their printing,
and intimates that tho mine owners and
politicians have spoiled tho enmp by
encouraging tho importation bf cheap
"alien" labor.
I
UP TO SENSE OF
IIS DUTY
Federationist Hits the Mark
in Search, for Onward
Ho Article
Both Government and Owners Making Efforts to
Trace Vessel
Press reportB from Ottawa, published
during tho week, deal with the question
of tho search for missing halibut flsh
ing vessel Onward Ho, concerning
which The Federationist dealt at length
laBt week in a manner which the hair
but fishermen say was the first correct
putting of the enso before the public,
The Ottawa reports state that the Dominion authorities had no vessel at command which was suited for a cruiso in
the probable direction the Onward Ho,
if disabled, might go. Hence the Estevan was ordered to cruiBe about the
Queen Charlotte islands as the beBt that
could be dono. It is promised, however,
that the American authorities .would be
asked to have one of their revenue cutters take up the search in northern
waters, and around the Aleutian islands.
Halibut fishermen, while pleased that
tho authorities are considering some
steps toward a real search, oven at this
lato day, say that they learned for tho
first time from the press despatches
that the reason for lack of previous adequate action waB that the government
had no vcaael available which was suited for the search work, nothing of thiB
character boing told them when they
appealed for immediate action. They
also say that there are at least two Dominion fishery vessels on the Pacific
which wero much better fitted to have
prosecuted a search than the Estevan,
On Tuesday the B. C. Packers' association, owners of the Onward Ho, sent
a halibut steamer to the north and it
was stated that' in addition to a fishing
trip, instructions had been given the
captain to cruise around in the possible
hope that some trace of the missing
vessel might be found.
STREET RAILWAY JOTTINGS
Correspondent Urges Full Attendance
at Next Meeting.
The advent of the new running sheet
seos the abolition of the "block system," which the great majority of our
members very much regret, as, undor
the "block syatem," overy man had a
day off a weok. However, thiB matter
is being cared for by tho officers of the
division and any discussion on this
question juBt now would probably bo
out of place.
In answer to a quory from a member
of the division regarding conditions of
labor for tho girls working for Ramsay
Bros., we refer the enquirers to Miss
Helena Gutteridgo, secretary of tho
Trades and Labor council, who can
probably givo the desired information
aa sho is conversant with conditions ob
taining in that pnrticulur factory. However, you do not have to send your
money out of British Columbia, as there
are other local flrtna manufacturing a
similar line of goods.
There is a rumor that the B. C. E. R.
intends to equip all cars with doors instead of gates for winter use. We sincerely hope that this is true as, judging by the conversation of street car
patrons during the cold weather, this
would bo greatly appreciated. Ab to
the conductors—woll, it don't mattor
about them.
The law adopted by tho division, covering the working of overtime, has been
approved by the international office,
und is now in effect.
Brothers, try and get around to the
next meeting. Somo vory important
questions will be taken up, nr.d you
Bhould be on hand to voico approval or
otherwise. Also, our worthy president
will still be nursing tha. remains of a
pench of a black eye. He says the stove
hit him. Well, of course, he had to say
somothing. J. E. G.
LABOR SCORES A VICTORY
San Francisco Codfishermen Successful
in Securing Good Agreement
All danger of a lengthy Btriko of the
codfishermen on tho const has been
averted by tho owners of the San Francisco Ashing fleet coming to an agreement with the flshormon, who wero out
for a short timo owing to the owners
refusing to havo any doalingB with thc
men. Tho new agreement grantB a sub
stantinl increase in wages nnd, in general, will mako tho lot of the codfislicr
men far more satisfactory than was tho
caao when they wore not recognizod.
"G0PWI01L"
. IS RESPONSE TO
5
Authorities Refuse to Consider Electrical Workers' Request
48 Hours' Notice Given By
Men After Interview
with Chairman
After putting forth every possible
effort to amicably settle their dispute
with the civic authorities of New Westminster on the question of wages, the
electrical workers employed in connection'with the city's lighting system
were compelled to give notice on Tuesday that if their claims were not considered within 48 hours the men would
stop work. ;.
Notice to the above effect was given
after the men had made a final effort
to reach some agreement by means of
a conference with Aid. Eastman, Chairman of the couneil lighting committee,
The civic representative took a very
autocratic stand, and declared that as
far as he personally was concerned, the
mon could go "plumb to hell." The
council had mado certain proposals covering the reduction of the wages of the
city's, electrical workers, and he intended to stand by the cut. As Aid.
Eastman would not pay the slightest
attention to the representations of the
men's committee, ; there was nothing
left for the representatives to do but
protect their rights by giving notice
as previously mentioned.
Statement'of the Case.
The -electrical, workers employed by
tho New Westminster authorities have
boen receiving $4.35 per day. This year
the city council decided to reduce their
pay to $4,10 per day, putting forward
the argument that the lower rate waB
that which tho B. C. Electric was paying. The men replied that the B. C.
Electric men were actually receiving
more than the stated pay, inasmuch as
thoy received concessions covering
transportation, etc., which made a considerable difference in the men's monthly bill of expenditures. These concessions wero estimated to amount to 20
cents per day and the city employees
offered to accept the B. C, Electric
wage, plus the value of the concessions,
or $4.30 per day, this being a reduction
from the rate paid last year.
In considering -ths reply of. the.nwn,
it should be remembered that in the
wage agreements of the Vancouver
local of the electrical workers with the
Western Canada Power Co. the men employed by this company aro granted a
wage of 20 cents per day more than the
rate paid B. C. Electric men in the same
field, this difference being the nccepted
value of the concessions granted to the
latter.
Prior to the final conference of the
committee with Aid. Eastman, efforts
were made by the electrical workers to
settle the differences by arbitration
under the Lemieux act. The civic authorities positively refused to consider
any such action in connection with the
matter.
HALIBUT FISHERS' STRIKE
Hen on Seattle Independent Fleet Expect Satisfactory Agreement.
Reports from the local officos of the
Deep Sea Fishermen 's union state that
there was, early this week, no settlement as yet of the dispute between the
owners of the independent halibut fleet
of Seattle and their men. One owner,
operating the Helonic, had signed up,
but matters are nt a standstill regarding the rest of the fleet, the vessels being sent to Seattle as they arrive nt
Prince Rupert. A report wus circulated
along tho waterfront during the week
to the effect that the men had lost out,
but a letter from Mr. P. B. Gill, the
union's representative in Seattle, says
no settlement hai' been reached, although he expects that the differences
between the men and the owners will
be adjusted shortly on a satisfactory
basiB.
T. AND L. CONGRESS CONVENTION
Toronto Trade Unionists Are Making
Great Preparations.
Representatives of trades unionism in
Toronto are already at work m preliminary plans for tho 1910 convention of
the Trndes and Lnbor CongresB of Canada, which will bo held in that city
during Hcptember. A largely attended
nnd onthuBiastic meeting, nt which
nearly all tbe Toronto unions were represented, was recently hold at which a
permanent convention committeo wns
formed and sub-committees on flnance,
entertainment and reception appointed.
Tho ladies' auxiliaries of tho uniona
wero represented nnd promised to tako
full charge of tho lady visitors who will
come with the convention delegates.
The committee is laying ita plans in the
expectation of thc coming convention
being the largest in the history of the
organization.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
MONDAY, March 20—Boilermakers, Electrical Works, No. 818,
Brewery Workers, Street Railwaymen executive.
TUESDAY, March 21.—Amalgamated Cnrpentors, Bookbinders, Railway Firemen.
WEDNESDAY, March 22—Press
Feeders, Committee Streot Railwaymen.
THURSDAY, March 23—Milk
Wngon Drivers, Plumbers.
FRIDAY, March 24—Pile Drivers and Wooden Bridge Builders, Machinists,
MOVEMENTTOSAVELABORTEMPLE COMPENSATION ACT
HASEVERYPROSPECTOFSUCCESS   EXPLAINED TO
; ■miPM
EXPRESSING COMPLETE CONFIDENCE in the success of the
plan attaining its aim of saving the Labor Temple for the cause
of Labor, the Vancouver Trades and Labor council last night
launchd a continent-wide appeal to organized labor to come to the
rescue of the project and enable the Labor Temple Co. to meet the
pressing obligations which, under existing local conditions, the company was unable to handle. The appeal will go forward to from 7500
to 10,000 locals on the continent in the form of literature which sets
out fully the facts of the case in attractive and telling form. In return for the contribution made, the unions responding to the appeal
will be given, dollar for dollar, paid-up shares in the Labor Temple
Co., an investment which prominent Labor officials, who are fully ac-
sending the remittances. *
The contributions are to be placed in a separate trust fund account
pending the termination of the appeal. Should the total Deceived be
less than $10,000, the contributions will bc returned to the unions
making response.
President McVety stated to the council that the appeal would be
made with the endorsement of a large number of officials of international unions, all of whom were acquainted with the facts of the case.
Mass Meeting at Trail Keenly Interested in Address
of Mr. McVety
WITHOUT IL
?
Agent of Sailors Union Says
No Effort to Sign Men
in Vancouver
Report on Subject Is Made
'Frisco Headquarters
of the Union
Business Agent Burns, local representative of the Sailors' Union of the Pacific, had something to Bay this week
concerning the schooner Encore. According to press reports the captain of
this vessel kept the wires between
Puget Sound and Washington hot recently, explaining why he could not get
n full crew of certified men at Port
Townsend, and thns conform to the
United States Seamen's act. He waB
finally allowed to leave the port on payment of a nominal fine.
The Encore was in Vancouver recently, being loaded'with lumber for Sydney at the Hastings mill. Mr. Burns
knew that the crew of the vessel was
discharged here and kept watch when
she was about ready to sail, as he was
in a position to supply a crew. He waB
unable to see the captain, although
making several trips to tho wharf, and
is certain that absolutely no attempt
was made to secure a crew hore.
He believes that the Encore's captain
went over to Port Townsend with tho
idea of picking up a "scab" crew at
some boarding house there. But the
boarding house game at that port is
now played.out, henco the wires to
Washington explaining (f) the situation. Information has also been received that no attempt was made to secure
a crew for the Encore at Seattle.
Mr. Burns received a wire from the
San Francisco headquarters of hiB
union, as to the facts of the case, thc
Encore being owned by Mayor Rolph of
that city, nnd hns replied stating the
results of hiB investigations ns noted
above.
Men Walked Out Last Night
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, March
10—(By long distance 'phone).—This
afternoon the electrical workers held
another conference with the civic officials, but they refimed to recede from
the arbitrary decision mentioned above.
Consequently the men walked out at
5 p. m., to a man. Eight employees arc
involved. Four of them havo worked
for the city 14 years and nono of them
less than for five yenrs. Tho strikers
have the unanimous support of organized labor and will flght to win.
KOOTENAY ELECTRICIANS
Organisation Work Now Being Done in
Busy Mining District.
E. H. Morrison of Local 818, Electrical Workers, is ut present in tbo Kootenay district, being engaged in tbe organization of the large number of electrical workers which the increased activity in the mining business has drawn
to Trail, Fernio, Nelson and other mining centres of the section. A large
number of these workers have union
cards but, as there is no local in thc
district, organization work waB deemed
ndvisnble. Tho workers will probably
be organized and attached to the Vancouver local. Bro. Morrison reports
that he is being given a good reception
by the up-country workers, and that his
organization work is proceeding very
successfully. He will probably remain
in the field for another two weeks.
NO PUBLIC DEFENDER
Police Commission Lay Over Without
Taking Any Action.
When tho Vancouver police commis-
sion-wni-i considering estimates, the request of the Trades and Jjnbor council
for tho appointment of a public defender, to take up tho crises in the polico
court, whero thoBe under chnrge wero
unable to ongago thc services of a lawyer, thus following thc practice in Los
Angeles nnd other largo cities, was
taken up. Tho action recommended
was that the matter bo left in abeyance
for tho present year.
Press reports of the discussion on the
point indicate that the commissioners
were somewhat hazy as to tho tenor of
the request when they said that many
prisoners would rathor havo their private lawyer tban the public defender.
The Trados nnd Lnbor council's request
was meant to cover only tho cases
whero tho unfortunates wero unable to
ongago legal assistance.
1 The Formal Resolution.
The formal resolution whereby the
council undertook tbe work of presenting the appeal was as follows:
•\Whurea*, tne Vancouver Trades »M L»*
oor council am shareholder* In thu Vancouver -nuur Temple Company, .Limited; and
"Wnvrt.au, ii ui considered ln thu Interests
of this council and ot thu labor movement,
und in the interest of labor generally inroujfti-
oui tne province of liritiaii Columbia that
I'urthur money ue advanced for the purpose
of additional shares In the said .Labor Temple company, Limited, with the view of enabling the said company to meet lta finanoial
obligations and to prevent foreclosure pro-
cuudlngs being taken against the property of
tlio said company; therefore
"tie it resolved, that Vancouver Trades
and Labor council make a public appeal to
the aiilliated locals of international unions
throughout Canada and the United States
for the contribution of funds for the purchase
of shares In tho said Vancouver Labor Temple Company, Limited.
"fie It further resolved, that the Vancouver Trades and Labor council hereby undertakes to hold all money received under thiB
appeal In trust on behalf of the varloua persons or organizations contributing, for the
purpose of applying the same for the purchase of stock as aforesaid, such stock to be
issued in the names of the respective persons
or organisations making iuch contributions
aB aforesaid it being further understood that
as part of the said trusteeship, the money
received shall be held by this council until
the appeal has been completed and tbe
amount received has been determined, and,
In the event of receipts from such appeal being less than the sum of $10,000, tho money
so reeolved shall be returned to tbe respective
parties having contributed tbe same.
"tie-It further resolved, that all cheques
or money to be received under this appeal
shall be payable to the Vancouver Trades and
Labor council, and to be deposited in a
special trust account in the Royal Bank of
Canada, Buch account to be designated 'Vancouver Trades and Labor council-Labor Temple Company, Limited, Truat Fund Account;1
such funds to be withdrawn only upon the
signature of the president and secretaries for
the time being of the Vancouver Trades and
Labor council, which officer* shall be placed
under bonds sufficient to cover the amount
received."
Explanation of Situation.
President McVety briefly stated the
plans proposed by the Labor Temple Co,
tn connection with the appeal and the
manner in which they were being carried out. It was considered that as the
Trades and Labor council held the majority of thc shares in the company, nnd
could better approach the unions, tho
appeal should be made by it, the
funds being fully safeguarded by opening a trust fund account. Tho stipule
tion as to the return of the contributions, if lesa than 410,000 was received,
was made as it would be useless to follow up the plan unless sufficient funds
were forihemong to meet present obligations and put the Temple Co. on its
feet for a year or bo. -,
After several questions as to thc
mnnner In which the trust fund should
be handled had been satisfactorily adjusted, the council, by unanimous vote,
endorsed the appeal. It was also decided to advance $200 to defray the
cost of postage in connection with the
sending out of the literature
Suburban Candidates Dropped.
The parliamentary committee recommended thnt the running of Labor candidates in Richmond and South Vancou
ver districts should be abandoned, nnd
that the council take no further part in
tho provincial elections. It was stated,
however, that there was no intention of
I "knocking" any man, previously supported by tho council, who might choose
to run as an independent.
| In response to an enquiry, President
i McVety snid he understood the report
j to mean that the council would not en
dorse the candidates of any party.
(Continued on page 4)
EIGHT-HOUR WORK DAY
Continent-wide Movement for Shorter
Hours Gathering Force,
The organized Labor movement of
America is rallying as one man to its
demand for an eight-hour working day.
Never before has tho demand beon so
insistent nnd so compelling. Never before has Labor had Buch magnificent opportunity to enforce, by its own efforts,
the application of a working day thnt
gives those who work tho time and opportunity to become, in the words of
President Gompers of tho American
Federation of Labor, "a human being
with intellectual desires and cravings."
ORIENTAL HELP IN HOTELS
Vigorous Fight Against Practice Being
Made by T. and L. Council
icon-
ively
t the
■ for
ident
made
of
"'/I
The first meeting of the new Van
ver license commission pttiB a liv
session, owing to representatives of
Trades nnd Lnbor council pressing n*>
action against tho employment of Ori
entals on licensed premises. Presidi
,T. H, McVety and Miss Gutteridge m
strong representations in support' ./■
the council's request, pointing out that
nt thc present timo there should be
cry from tho hotel men ns to their
ability to secure white help, Mr. W. 8.
Kamsny of the Regent hotol and W.
Turquand of the Hotel Vancouver appeared in opposition tn the proposal.
After lengthy discussion, tho commission laid the matter over for consideration nt its next meeting.
A letter from tho Vancouver local of
tho Longshoremen's union dcnling with
thc death of ono of its members, John
McHcndry, in the Irving hotel bar, wns
lnid over for investigation as to tho
facts.
A suggestion was mado that the council go beyond tho recommendation and
decide   that   the   organization   Bhould
Appointment of Speaker on
Permanent Board b
Requested
Last Friday night Mr. J. H. MoVety
addressed a mass meeting of minera at
Trail, B. C, on the question of the
Workmen's Compensation act, tlie
meeting hall being crowded to ita capacity. The address was given in connection with the annual convention of District il, W. F. of Miners; which waa f,t*
tended by Mr. McVety by direction of
the executive committee of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, which had received an invitation'from tbe executive of
the mienrs' organization.
The speaker went fully into the sib-
ject, opening his remarks by giving I
history of the movement for the legit'
lative enforcement of the rightful.
claims of employees upon their employers for compensation in case of in- *
jury. Step by step, the speaker showed
how the wisdom, justice and unquestionable good results of such legislation
led to measures of the class being
ndopted by government after government. Bringing his hearers to the present moment, Mr. MoVety outlined the
steps taken in this province in connection with which an act, culminating in
the appointment of a commission, of
which the speaker was a member as the
representative of labor, which made a
thorough inquiry concerning the practical results of the operation of the most
tlcal results. The operation of the most
complete compensation legislation at
various points on the continent.
Proposed B. 0.. Act Outlined.
As a result of this trip; the commission bad prepared for the B. C. government a report covering recommendations which it was expected the legislature would enact at its present session.
The draft measure Mr. McVety discus-
sed in detail, closing with the statement
that its passage, with the inclusion of
new recommendations, would mean that
British Columbia would have the moat
complete legislation of the kind on the
continent.
The address closed with an invitation
to members of the audience to put questions to tho speaker concerning the
subject in general and the proposed B.
C. act in particular. A large number
of questions were put, these being of
such a character as to show by their
pointed relation to the question at issue
and the intelligent manner in whieh
they were framed, that the men making
them had already studied the question.
Convention Endorses Mr. McVety.
The subject of the Workmen's Compensation act was taken up on the door1
of the miners' convention, and the following resolution on the subject was
adopted:
"Whereas, the British Columbia government has under consideration a new
Workmen's Compensation act, and
"Whereas, the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada has selected Bro.
James H. McVety as Labor's representative on a commission for the collection of data dealing with this and kindred acts, and have recommended bim \
as an administrator under the act, when
that act becomes law,
"Therefore, be it resolved,, that this
convention endorse the action taken by
tho Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, and also recommend Mr. McVety be made an administrator under
tho act, and
'' Further, that a copy of this resolution be forwarded to Premier Bowser."
PLENTY OF HEN AT FERNIE
Miners Protest Against Article lu Coal
Age As to Help Being Scarce.
At tbe recent Fernie convention of
District 18, U. M. W. of A., a resolution
wns passed protesting against the incorrectness of a report appearing in the
Coal Age of Feb. 20, concerning industrial conditions at Fernio nnd Michel.
ThiB article stated that every coke oven
in Fernio was running nnd 200 ovens at
Michel, which had been shut down for
tho last three years, woro in operation;
there wns a scarcity of help in tho district owing to many men enlisting and
tho increased demand for coal, especially by tho railways.
In the discussion, delegates stated
that so far from there being a scarcity
of men in tho Crow's Nest district,
thero were men to be seen every day
"rustling" for work. Ono man, who
has sinco enlisted, wont to the pit-
bosses nine times, but could get no
work. Tbo convention directed that
tho correction bo sent to tho press in
order that the truo stato of affairs
might be known.
Investigated tbe Investigators.
'I hoar thero is a movemont on foot
to weed out all unscrupulous lawyers
from thc legislature."
"Wo investigated nnd found there
aro  no unscrupulous lawyers at Victoria."
"Who investigatedf"
''Us InwyorB."
ALL UNION MEN
SHOULD USE THEIR
PURCHASING POWER
The Union Label is your label,
and when you ignoro it you ignore your own best interests and
hinder your own progress toward
better thingfl. If you do not demand the Union Label on your
purchases you aro not only failing to use your purchasing power,
but you nro violating your obligation ns a union man. Try being a 100 per cent, union man
and demand tho Union Label. Do
it today. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FBIDAY. MABCH 17, Wt
INCORPORATED  1865
Molsons
Bank
CAPITAL md BEBBBVB
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86 BrtnchH in C«n«d»
A geunal tanking DUtneu tr«n«-
acted.  Circular litters ol credit.
Buk money orden.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at Ugliest
currant rata
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATE IMt
Paid-up Capital ....» 11,500,000
Beserve 	
Total Assets  180,000,000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DE-
POSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
bualneaa will ba welcome  ba  It   largo  —
Branches aad correspondents
throughout tie world
THE
INCORPORATED
1155
BANK OF
TORONTO-
  ..*
Amu l«e,ooo,ooo
DtpoilU 41,000,000
The Host Convenient   ot All
Small Investments
The Bank of Toronto will accept
deposits jf $1.00 and upwards. A
pans-book showing the amount of
yonr balance will be given you
when you make your first deposit. You have then a Bank Account, to which you can add or
from which you can withdraw at
any time. Interest is paid on
balances.
Paid up MpU«l...
Reierv. fond  ....
6,000,000
6,489,882
Conor Hastings aad Gamble Sts.
British
Columbia
Land
■•*a
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Settlers—
Free
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at JeaBt three years; improvements to the extent of $5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least five acres.
For. further information apply to
DEPUTY MINISTEB OF
LANDS, VIOTOBIA, B. O.
SBOBBTABT, BUBEAU OF
PBOVINOIAL  INFORMATION,
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
THE
SUN
LEADS THE WAY
A PAPEB FOB THE PEOPLE,
not for any class of the people.
Clean, newsy and bright—a newspaper you can trust. THE SUN
upholds the principle of government by the peoplo.
KEEP IN TOUCH with the
news of the day by reading THE
SUN.
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THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning t>y ttae B, 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Ofllce:    Boom 217, Labor Templo
Tol. Exchange Seymour 7485
Subserlptlon:   $1.50 per year; ln Vanoouver
City, 12.00: to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00        ^^
REPRESENTATIVES
Now Westminster W. Yatefl, Box 1021
Prince Rupert *VV. E. Denning, Box 581
Victoria A. 8. Wolls, Box 1538
'Unity of Labor: the Hope ot tho World"
PBIDAY. MARCH 17, 1910
PREPAREDNESS
AB A
PORE BARREL
IT IS A MATTER of common knowledge that the "pork barrel" liafl
long since become ono of tho moat
cherished institutions connected with
the political life of the great American
republic. What juicy
pickings may have
accrued to the faith*
ful through judiciously distributed appropriations for tho
improvemenV of rivers and harbors and
the building of postofflcea and other
public buildings, is largely a matter of
conjecture, but the largess must have
Wen ample, for the faithful are many,
and thoy have been fed and it is not a
mutter of record that the political manipulator of these times can satisfy the
hunger of a multitude as did the gentle
Nazarene upon that memorable occasion
of the loaves and fishes. More fiah^and
bread would be required and even then
there would be nothing left for the
poor. Many a constituency has been
held safe by pulling snags from some
creek-bed and dredging its channel, or
by securing a costly post office at some
country cross-roads where next to nobody lives and the dogs bark at strangers. This satisfactory and convincing
way of doing politicsVis facetiously referred to as the "pork barrel" route to
political security. It has been asserted
that the "pork barrel" is not unknown
to Canadian political life, but be that
as it may, as regards other parts of
the Dominion, the chief evidence of it's
existence in British Columbia consists
of an occasional sickly looking little
wharf'and a bit of tough and rough
roadway or trail.
• •      •
As everybody in the United States is
wise to the old "pork barrel," the time
and opportunity has now arrived for
springing a new one upon the confiding
suckers who foot the bill. Certain in-
tereBts have been reaping such a volume
of profit from the sale of supplies to
the militant Christian nations of Europe
since the breaking out of their little
neighborly misunderstanding, that they
would evidently like to continue this
soul-satisfying process after the pre-
sent fracas has ended. With their plants
splendidly equipped for the production
of powder, shot and shell, cannon big
and cannon small, battleships, submarines, torpedo and bomb and having already arrived at a realization of the
magnificent possibilities for profit' in
this particular line, what more logical
than that they should eagerly scan the
horizonvin search of fresh fields for
future exploitation! In what direction
may such a field be found!  Let us see.
a        a        a
By the time this European war is
ended the participants therein will be
so completely "bled white" that there
will be no more fight in them for at
least the next half century. They will
have so exhausted themselveB and so
drained their resources that they will
be as tame aB kittens for a long time
to come. Instead of laying plans for
future scraps they will be in fine trim
to rest upon their laurels for at least
some decades, and boast of their glorious achievements during their laBt mix*
up. Of the present belligerents, pro*
bably Japan will suffer the least, but
she need not count ia our calculations,
as she will manufacture her own materials for war. Then the^ only field to
turn to is the United States. Surely a
cAintry of immense resources and not
already saddled with either a debt or
a military establishment, should open
up an enchanting prospect to the profit*
mongering armament and munitions interests, whose 'appetite for plunder has
beon whetted to a keen edge by their
profitable experience of recent months.
Unless "Uncle Sam" can be cajoled or
scared into a military nnd naval obseB*
-.ion, the huge plnntB thnt are now
bringing millions to their owners on account of the European wnr will cither
havo to suspend operations or be turned
to other and less inviting channels,
onco the wnr ends. Hence the tremendous pressure that will bo brought to
bear upon Uncle Sam in order to transform that delightfully simplo and bucolic old star spangled "hoss trader"
into a fierce and pompous war lord,
after tho European pattern.
* *       *
All of the big interests of the United
States will |pvor this preparedness
scheme, without a doubt, because the
plunder they extort from tho working
class must bo disposed of, if possible
Such portions as cannot be disposed of
at home, must bo sent abroad in search
of sale. In this search for foreign markets, troublo is at any time liable to
occur for the simple reason that the
plunder bund of other lands is alao in
search of additional markets and for a
slmilnr purpose. As the world's market is limited, a fight is at any moment
likely to occur in order to ascertain
which bunch of labor exploiters shall
be allowed to unload its plunder. But
the workers out of whose exploitation
this plunder iB wrung should take no
part in such a scrap. It is bad enough
to be robbed. It is much worse to go
out and fight, In ordrr to enable the
robber   to   profitably   dispose   of   his
plunder.
#       » ,    •
Wo hope the workers of the United
States will refuse to lose their heads
over - this preparedness scheme. Let
them rest assured that there will be
nothing left in Europe that will be ut
all anxious to cross 3000 miles of water
to lick anybody, when the present scrap
is over. \From the Orient the danger is
no greater. Let the workers see that
the preparedness business is confined
solely to coast defence and naval preparation. These are reasonably excusable if a nation's protense of peaceful
intention aro sincere. These ure not
public nuisances because they are not
externally in evidence as a distinct
threat against poace and liberty. They
cannot be used to perpetrate such murder and rapine as has been done in
Colorado Idaho and other places too
numerous to mention. An army, however, is not only a distinct menace to
thu liborty and well-being of tbe citizens of a country, but on equally distinct threat against other countries, and
a pronouncod danger to the peace of all
tho world. As proof of this, one needs
but look at Europe. i-
aaa
Preparedness should be the motto of
the workers of the United States and
of the world, but it should mean a thorough and complete preparedness to not
only ward off any and all further encroachments of capital upon labor, but
to, eventually, assume complete control
of the meun of production for the oommon good of all memberB of the human
family. That would be the end of the
capitalist pork^JwrreJ.
THAT DELECTABLE spectacle of
blood  and  slaughter now being
staged in Europe, will no doubt
some time come to an end.   Just how
soon that will be is not, nt the moment,
quite clear   There are
WHAT 8ignB  UP°D  ^6  h0"'
feudal empires of
Central Europe and the forcing of their
peoples to move forward in political
development to a point at least abreast
of that of Weatern Europe. Until that
is accomplished there will be no possibility of an enduring peace. It looks
now as though the cost of putting the
Teutonic survival of feudalism out of
business for good will be so great as
to practically bankrupt the leading capitalist nations of Europe and thus force
to the front some sweeping and drastic
readjustment of the social and industrial affairs of mankind if civilization
is to save itself from total' collapse.
• *        »        a
The debts of nations, and in the last
analysis, all capital is debt, promises
to become so colossal by the end of this
war that it will be beyond the power
of human industry to pay interest upon
it, to say nothing of tne principal itself,
The working class con produce enough
to satisfy its'own actual needs, and in
addition thereto nn enormous revenue
for its capitalist masters. But there
must needs be a limit that at sometime may be reached. When the invested capital of the world reaches a
figure so large that it becomes impossible for Labor to produce sufficient to
pay a profit upon such investment, the
end of capitalism is in sight. This war
need not continue many yeara longer to
bring the world into such a .condition
that it will become imperative that
capitalist rule shall be thrown into^he
discard and some other method than
thnt of production for sale, be adopted
if the race iB to survive.
*      *      *
But what is to be done with the millions of men who, having served in the
European armies during this struggle,
find themselves once more turned loose
in a Labor market that is even more
merciless and unrelenting than the field
of battle! That industry will at once
return to its normal status prior to the
wnr is unthinkable. Industry, commerce and trade throughout the whole
world have suffered such a tremendous
disturbance and dislocation that it is
moro than probable that conditions prevailing in all countries before the war
will never return.
i aaa
Labor conditions in all countries were
bud before and right up to the breaking out of the wnr. In fact they have
never beon good nnd can never be good
so long as Labor remains enslaved. Labor conditions after tho wnr is finished
will be worse nnd will bo continuo until
the\W.orking class wins for itself a commanding position iu the social and industrial life of ull lands. May the
workera everywhere refuae to surrender
cither jot or tittle of the privileges
they have acquired during past years
of struggle and just as soon ns this
European holocnuBt endB, push forward
with renewed vigor and intensified enthusiasm to the complete conquest of
all the political and economic powers of
modern society, to the end that Labor
may free itself from all exploitation
nnd rapine. Such a consummation
would bo a harvest well worth tho reaping. Muy overy worker consecrate
himself to tho task.
A noted Vancouver barrister: "—By
the way, what is the nationality bf
capital!"
Trade unionists have no valid objection to the employment of women in industry. But what they do object to is
that "equal pay for equal work" is
not adhered to. This is especially true
of banks and other patriotic institutions most able to do so.
A good deal of attention is given by
patriotic employers to encouraging their
employees to enlist. It's a poor rule
that won't work both ways.   What's
the matter with wage-workers encouraging their employers to share some of
the glory!
'  -
Business man — (Scene — Hastings
street)—"Well, young man, why don't
you enlist!"
Young man—(sole support of a
mother and three small children)^
"Weill Tell yqu what I'll do. I will
if you will."   Curtain.
Henry Ford's employees are '' organized '' all right, all right. But they are
not permitted to join a union. Employees are subjected to tho vilest
forma of speeding-up; are paid only for
actual time worked, though kept on
call for the whole shift. To secure a
job one has to tell the story of his life
und answer questions which common
decency would concede to be nobody's
business. As a prolltmiongering old
hypocrite, Henry Ford haB few rivals.
M. Emilo Cartaloa, a member of tho
International Socialist bureau, und a
former secretary of tho Spanish Social
Democratic party, wus Recently arrested
upon his return from Holland, where ho
had been visiting by permission of the
German army command. He is accused
of having been'in communication with
the Belgian minister, M. Vandervelde,
and other members of the Belgian Socialist party.' More than half of the
members of the International Socialist
bureau are now imprisoned in Germany
and Belgium. John Reid, socialist candidate for Red Deer, Alberta, is also
imprisoned for fifteen months for having talked, not tb an alien enemy, but
to voters and residents of Red Deer.
Red Doer, Alberta, is not in either Belgium or Germany,
"Language was given to us to conceal our thoughts."—Oliver Goldsmith.
The Mexican government haa taken
over the express business of the whole
country, and so there is another crowd
bf coupon-clippers out of jobs.
It is better to lose a minute i» avoiding an accident than a month in nursing an injury. Get the safety habit.
When you see a man do a careless
thing, "call Mm down," and don't be
afraid you will hurt his feelings.
The very best glass eyes cost $25
apiece; a false nose can be purchased
for the same money; a pair of false
ears cost $30, and artificial hands with
which you can write and eat can be
bought for $125. But a title may cost
even n Dreadnought. — Mnorilnnd
Worker.
The American federation of Labor,
through its executive committee, has decided to take the initiative in arranging
for the international labor conference
that is to be held at the same time and
place as the final peace negotiations in
Europe. All organized labor bodies of
Europe will be asked to join in the proposed world labor congress.
After many months of investigation,
the Eastland tragedy, involving the
lives of a thousand more or less no-account people, haa been satisfactorily
settled—that is, the settlement is satis-
tory to the important people of the
country. How the relatives of the
drowned will take it is another matter,
which, after all, is of no particular importance. The steumboat inspectors
have been exonerated, the owners and
officials of tho company and the captain
and engineer of the vessel have also
been exonerated, the 'indictments
against them having been quashed.
There is nothing or nobody to blame;
the 'thing just happened.' '—New York
Call.   ,
'' The individual who works eight
hours or less doea not each day exhaust
his energy. He has time for recuperation and something more. His mind, is
more alert and active. He is capable
of more vigorous and more effective
work. He goes to and from work at a
time when well-dressed people are on
the streets. He really haa time and opportunity for making comparisons and
forming desires. He has longer time
to stay at home, sees other homes better furnished, and consequently wants a
better home for himself. He wants
books, pictures, friends, entertainment.
In short, he becomes a human being
with intellectual desires and cravings.
This change makes him a more valuable
worker. Because his standard of living
has changed, he demands Aigher wages.
Men and women will* not continue indefinitely to work, fqj/wages that force
them to live below their concepts of
what constitutes standard^ of living."
^-Samuel Gompers, president A. F. of L.
RAILWAY "BROTHERHOODS"
Four   International   Brotherhoods   in
Canada.
There are four of these international
organizations in Canada, namely: (1)
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers;
(2) Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire,
meu and Enginemen; (3) Brotherhood
of Railroad Trainmen; (4) Order of
Railroad Conductors.
These respective bodies have affiliated with their local or divisional
unions, embrncing employees in the
transportation service of the different
railroads. They are a class by themselves in the category of tradea, unionism, inasmuch ua their methods of
doing business differs somewhat from
the other international unions.
The curdinal principles observed by
these "brotherhoods" embrace the
policy of negotiating with the big
railroad corporations for wage schedules
and the drawing up of trade agreements. In, this regard they have been
eminently successful in thoir dealings,
and are considered important both in
thoir influence und 'through organization. ^
Each of the "brotherhoods" hnve
"adjustment" boards or committees
to transact their affairs with the railroad officials!
They also maintain a general legislative board, or legislative agents,
whose duties are to watch governmental legislation in the interest ot the
members of their respective union*.
In fact, other international labor
unions directly concerned with tho
railroads do business on similar lines
as the "brotherhoods." These latter
embrace~"the mointenance-of-way men,
machinists and carmen.
The officers in Vancouver, B. C, are:
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, Local No. 320—President, A. E.
Iliff, 1007 Davie street; secretary, A.
E. Holloway, 1157 Harwood street.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen
and Enginemen, Local No. 656, Secretary, C. W. Pulham, 1308 Seymour
street.
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen,
Local No. 144—President, A. E. Mc-
Carvill, 856 Fourteenth avenuo east;
secretary, D. A. Munro, P. O. box 243.
Order of Railroad Conductors, Local
No, 267—Chief conductor, J. R. Burton,
1423 First avonue east; secretary, G.
... Hatch, 761 Beatty Btreet.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen of
America, Local No. 68—Secretary, M.
D. Jordan, 1060 Granville street.
International Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees, Local No.
167—Secretary, & Corado, 236 Clark
drive.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS
Members Think "Hello Girls" Should
Be Organised in Vancouver.
What are tho chances of organizing
the telephone operators in this city!
Have you given this subject any serious
thought! There are thousands and thousands of telephone operutors who are
compelled to work under unfair conditions at a wago insufficient to maintain
them properly—who need the protection
of our Brotherhood.
If your business brings you in contact with Borne 6r them it would not bo
amiss for you to mention tlie subject to
thoso of them you con depend upon and
see if you'cannot light the candle of
organization among them.
You can point to the progross the
operators have made in the New England states as an example of what organization will do for them when it is
properly conducted.
The telephone operators need organization and need it badly. It is your
duty to assiBt them in organizing.
Any information sent us that will be
of assistance in organizing them will
be appreciated1.
Ten Sub. Cards for 910.
Ten yearly Fed. sub. cards for $10.
Pay as sold. Order ten at once and help
to push the Fed's, circulation.
BUSINESS  AQENT   DIRECTORY
Ask for Labor Tomplo 'Phono Exchange,
Seymour   7495   (unless   otherwise  stated).
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Room 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workers (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.    Sey. 8511).
Englneera (steam)—Room 216; E. Prondor-
' gast. v ,
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenne. Office phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen*b Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey. 6S69.    I
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room S06.
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 218 Hastings streot
west.    Sey.   8708.   -
Street Railway Employees—Fred A, Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymoar 5000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 206.
TRADE UNION  DIRECTORY
Allied Printing Tradea CouncU—R. H. Neelanda, Box 66.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, 1801 7th avenue west.
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill
P. 0.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1685 Thirty-
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser,  1151 Howe street.
Brewery Workera—Chas. O. Austin, 732 7th
avenue east.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Templo.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Council
—F. L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Cigarmakers—W. H. McQueen, care Kurti
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne.
Electrical Workers (outalde)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical Workera (Inside)—F. L. Estinghausen, Room 207.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Hotel.
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Temple,
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenuo weat.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple,
Locomotive Firemen and Engineers—C.' How-
1 ard, Port Coquitlam.
Local Englneera—L, T. SoIIoway, 1157 Harwood.   Tel. Bey. 1848R.
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Templo.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812. Eighteenth
avenue west. x
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Temple. i
Molders—
Moving Picture Operators—H. C. Roddan, P.
0. Box 846.
Painters—Geo. Weston, Room 808, Labor
Templo.
Plumbers — Room 206 _, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—ffi. Waterman,  1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—John James Cornish, 1800 Eleventh avenne East.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
Street.
Quarry Workera—James Hepburn, eare Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A. E, McCorvllle, Box
248.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb, 430 Nelson
Street.
Seamen's Union—W. 8. Bums, P. 0. Box
1866.
Structural Iron Worken—Room 208, Labor
Temple.
Stonecutters—James   Rayburn,   P.   0.   Box
Stone cutters-—
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway Employees—James E. Griffin,
168 Twenty-flfth avenue east.
Stereotype™—W. Bayloy, care Province.
T-fleftrafchers—E. B. Peppln, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Miss Helena Gutteridge. Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographic^—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Tailors—C.  McDonald, Box 508.
Theatrical Stngo Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tilolayem and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 540
Twenty-third avonue east.
OFFICERS OF THS AMERICAN FEDEBA-
_____        TION OF LABOB
President—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D.
0.; Cigarmakers International union.
First vice-president—James Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.; Granite Cutters' International
union.
Second vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C; International Association of Machinists.
Third vice-president—D. A. Hayes, Phllldol-
phla; Glass Blowers' association.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati; Molders1 union of North
America.
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'umbers.
Sixth vice-president—H. B. Perham, St.
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphers.
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis; United Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John B. Lennon, Bloomington,
111,; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secretary—Frank  Morrison,  Washington, D.
C!; International Typographical union.
Labor Unions, Attention!
fl Let us print your
next Bylaws and Constitutions. We know how
and our prices are
right. flWe can give
you prompt service on
all your printing. Give
us a trial.
The B.C Federationist
ROOM 217
SEY. 7498        LABOR TEMPLE
Westminster Trust Co.
Head Office: New Westminster, B.C.
3. 3. JONES J. A.
Managing Director '   Secretary-Treararer
ACTS AS ASSIGNEES LIQUIDATOES AND RECEIVERS
INSURANCE IN ALL ITS BRANCHES
Houses, Bungalows, Stores and modern suites for rent at a big reduction. Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at $2.50 up. Wills drawn up free
of charge. Deposits accepted and interest at Four per iett. allowed on
dally balances.
PBOVINOIAL UNIONS
B.    0.    FEDERATION  OF LABOR—MeeU
In annual convention In January, Exec
utivo officers, 1910-17: President, Jas. H, McVoty; vice-presidents — Vancouver, J.
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, 0. Siverts;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Denning: Revelstoke, J. Lyon; District 28, U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Island),
W. Head: District 18, |U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Nost Valley), A. J. Carter. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, P. 0. Box 1536,
Victoria, B. C.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meets flrst and third Wednesday,
Labor hall,-1424 Government street, at 8
p. m. President, A. S. Welia; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
MEW WESTMINSTER
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson. Box 408.
DELEGATES TO THE VANOOUVER
TRADES AND LABOB COUNOIL
Bricklayers—H.. Wand, W. Plpea, W. Dagnall.
Boilermakers— .,
Barbers—S. H. Grant, J. P. Farris.
Bartenders—H. Davis, W. Laurie, W. MotUshaw, G. Kelly, ,J. Smith.
Bookkbinders—F. Manaell, F. Napier.
Brewery Workors—A. Myles. J. .Sykes, J.
Piggott.
Cigflnnakers—
Civic Employees—J. Sully, G. Kilpatrick, F.
Harrison.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—A. Graham, W.
Martyn.
Carpenters, No. 617—JoraeB Campbell, Geo.
Hardy.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, R. N.
Elgar.
Garment Workera—
Horse Shoers—     ' ,
Deep Sea Fishermen—Russell Kearley.
Letter Carriers—Fred Knowles, R, Wight, J.
Dodd, R. Kirkwood. A. Cook.
LongRhoremon—F, Williams, D. Sinclair.
Machinists—J. Brooks, J. H. MoVety, A. R.
Towler.
Milk Wagon Drivers—A. H. Porter, 0. Borden, Geo, Anderson.
Moving Picture Operators—
Printing Pressmen—J. J. Bothers, Thomaa
Nines.
Plumbers—J. Cowling.
Pattern Makers—R. MeDougall, H. S. Night-
scales.
Painters and Decorators—W. J. Nagle.
Printing Pressmen's Assistants—
Pile Drivers and Wooden Brldgemen—
Street Railway Employe*—F. Haigh, F. A.
Hoover, W. H. Cottrell, W. E. Beattle, J.
Anton, H. Wltltngton, A. Lofting, R.
Rigby.
Stone Cutters—J. Downle.
8heet Metal Workers—A. J. Crawford.
Stone Employees—A. Sf. Harrington, G. 0.
Thomas.
Sailors—W. F. Burns.
Tailors—Dan Leigh, C. McDonald, Helena
Gutteridge.
Typographical—R. P. Pettipiece, W. R. Trotter, J. E. Wilton. H. L. Corey, J. R. Mel-
som,  Geo.  Bartley.
Tile Layers—F. Ringle, R. Neville.
Telegraphers—
SECRETARIES OF TBADES AND
LABOB COUNCILS IN CANADA
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER I MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver .Lodge No. 194—Meeta
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A, Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue west;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street. .
DEEP SKA FISHBRMENS UNION OF THE
PACIFIC—Meets mt 487 Gore avenue every
Tuesday,  7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, business
agent.-	
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 221
meeta room 205. Labor Temple, even
Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall,
11162 Powell atreet; recording secretary,
|R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple: flnanclal secre-
[tary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.	
hodcarriersTbuilding and common
Laborers' union, No. 65—Meets first and
third Friday of each month, Labor Temple.
President, E. C. Appleby; seoretary, George
Harrison; business agent, John Sully, room
220, Labor Temple. All laborera invited to
meeting.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S ASSOCIATION, Local 8852. Offlce, Association hall, 10 Powell street. Meets every
Sunday, 2:80 p.m. Thomas Nixon, secretary.
MACHINISTS, NO. 182—MEETS SECOND
/ and fourth Frldaya at 8 p.m. President,
J. Mclvor; recording secretary, J. Brookes;
flnanclal secretary, ______> McVety.	
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERATORS' UNION, Local 848., I. A. T.
8. E. ft M. P. M. 0.—Meets first Sunday of
each month, Room 204, Labor Temple.
President, W. E. McCartney; Business
Agent, E. J. Huttlemeyer; Financial and Cor
responding Secretary, H. C, Roddan. P. 0.
Box 845.	
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
AMERICA—Vanoouver and vicinity.
Branch moets 1st and 3rd Fridays at Labor
Temple, Room 205. H. Nlghtseales, president, 276 Fifty-sixth avenue east; Jos, G.
Lyon, financial socretary, 1721 Grant street;
J. Campbell, recording seeretary, 4862 Argyle
atreet.
British Columbia.
Cranbrook Trades an'd Labor Council—Secretary, F. McKenna, Watt avenue.
Nelflon Trades and Labor Council—F. Poseril,
Box 674.
New Westminster Trades and Labor Council
—:W. YateB, Box 1021.
Prince Rupert Trades and Lahor Counoll—
W. E. Thompson, Box 694.
Revelstoke Trades and Labor Council—Phil
Parker, Box 468.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—Miss
Helena Gutteridgo, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Victoria Trades and Labor Connell—Frank
Holdrldge, Box 802.
Alberto.
Calgary Trades and Labor Counoll—J.   E.
Young, Box 1404.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor  Counoll—A.
Farmilo, Box 1499.
Lethbridge   Trades   and   Lahor  Counoll—H.
Morris, 226—14th street north.
Medicine Hat Trades and Lahor Council,—
W. BurgesB, 590—4th avenue N, E.
Saskatchewan.
Mooae Jaw Trades and Labor Connell—R.
H.  Chadwick,  Box  588.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—H.
D. Davis, 576—5th St. 8.
Regina  Trades  and  Labor  Council—0.   W.
Walker,  Labor Temple, Ash street.
Saskatoon Trades and Labor Council—J. D.
Wallace,  212—81st  St. W.
Manitoba/
Brandon Tradea and Labor Council—W. Busby, 240 Frederick St.
Transcona Trades and Labor Council—John
Weir, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Couneil—R. A
Rigg, M. P. P., Room 14, Labor Temple.
Ontario.
Berlin Trades and Labor Council—U. Strub,
Weber Apartments, Young St.
Brantford Trades and Labor Council—H. J.
Symons, 115 Cayuga St.
Fort William Trades and Labor Council—S.
P. Speed, 610 N. Brodle St.
Gait Trades and Labor Council—A. L. Philp,
58 Centre St.
Guelph    Tradea   and Labor Council—Thos.
Hall, SO Kathleen Btreet,
Hamilton Trades and Labor Council—W. R.
Rollo,  Box   328.
Kingston Trades and Labor Council—W. J.
Driscoll, 112 Lower Bagot street.
London  Trades  and  Lahor Council—Joseph
Hill, Llnwood Btreet, Knollwood Park.
Niagara Falls Trades and Labor Council—D.
Wagner, 619 Ferry streot.
Ottawa Allied Trades and Labor Association
—W. Lodge, Box  51.
Port Arthur Trades and Labor Council—A.
F.   Manchee,   116  Jean   St.
Peterborough Trades and Labor Counoll—W.
M. Stevens. Box 928.
Sault Ste Marie and Steelton Trades Council—Wm. Gregory- East End P. 0., Sault
Ste. Mario.    1
South Waterloo Trades Council—A. L. Philp,
63 Centre Btreet. Gait.
St. 'Catherines Trades and Labor Council—
Leo. T. Coylo, 208 St. Paul street.
St. Thomas Trades and Labor Council—A,
R. Robertson,  124 Redan street.
Toronto    District    Labor Council—T.    A.
Stevenson, 24 Hazel wood avenue.
Welland    Trades    and   Labor   Council—W.
Powrie,   Box  28. .
Windsor Trades and Labor Council—HarolflJ
Clarke, 94 Howard avenue.
Quebec.
Montreal  Trados  and    Labor    Council—G.
Francq, 2 Ht. Paul street.
Quebec  and  Levis  Trades Council—Joseph
Gaiivln, 74 Scott street.
Sherbrooke    TradeB    and Labor Council—
Chas. Dunsmoro, 106 King St.
St. Jciin Trades and Labor Council—George
Smith.
Three Rivers  Trades  Council—0.  Lapolnto,
44 St. Phllllppe/
Mew Brunswick.
Moncton Trades and Labor Counoil—Chas.
H. Cameron, 105 Bonnacord Btreet. **
St. John Trades and Labor Council—John
Kemp, 820 Main street.
Nova Scotia.     .
Amherst Trades  and Labor Counoll-r-Thoi.
Carr, Box 981.
Halifax Trades and Labor Oouncll—Robert
Miller,  57 Almon street.
Plctou Couhty Tradea and Labor Council—
Alex.  M.  Ferguson,  Box  980,  New  Glasgow, N.  S.
Sydnoy Trades and Labor Council—J. A, Mclntyre, 80 Louisa street.
OBOANIEBP LABOB COMPANIES. __
LABOR  TEMPLE  COMPANY, LIMITED—
Directors: R. P. Pettipiece, president; Jas.
Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wllby, W. J.
Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H, Freo, Miss Helena
Gutteridge, Fred A. Hoover, J. Byron.   Ju.
H.      MoVety,      manager-secretary-treaaurer,
room 211, Labor Temple.
VANCOUVEB UNIONS
w f
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
flrst and third Thursdays. . Executive
board: James H. MoVoty, president; R. P.
Pottlplece, vice-president; MIbb Helena Gutteridge, general secrotary, 210 Labor Temple;
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brookes, true*
tees.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL.—Meeta aecond Monday In tha
month. President. H. J. Bothel; secretary,
B. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66,
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No.' 676.—Offlco,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets firat
Sunday of each month. President, Jamea
Campbell; financial socretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4752; recording aeeretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main streot.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. i
—Meets every 1st and 3rd TueHday,
8 p.m., Room 807. Presidont H. P. Wand;
corresponding seoretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
53; financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; business
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 216.	
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets flrst and third Monday of eaoh month, Room 802, Labor Temple,
8 p.m, President, Chas. A. Thomas; aeeretary, Chas. G. Austin, 732 Seventh avenue
eut.
VANCOUVER PRINTING PRESSMEN'S
UNION, Nd. 69—Meets second Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 204. President, W. Bell, 2220
Vine atreet; secretary-treasurer, E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia street; recording secre*
tary, W. Shannon, 1789—28th avenue east.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EMPLOYEES, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wed*
nesdays at 2:80 and 8 p.m. President, W.
H. Cotterill; recording secretary, Jas. E. Griffin, 166 Twenty-flfth avenue east; flnanclal
aeeretary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoovor, 2409_Cl_ark drive.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held flrst Tuesday In eaeh month, 6 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording sec, 0. McDonald, Box 503; flnanclal secretary, K.
Paterson, P. 0. Box *<■»
TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION,    NO.    216—
Meeta lut Bandar of each month at I
p.m.   President, R, Parm. Pettlpleoe; vice-
Sresident, W. 8. Metsger; aecretary-treunrer
.. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 66.
FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE BODY
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meets In convention September of
eaoh year. Executive' board: Ju. 0. Watters,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. C; secretary-treasurer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 616, Ottawa, Onl,
SYNOPSI8  OF OOAL MINING BBOULA-
TIONS.
Coal mining rlghta of the Dominion, la
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terlrtory, the Northwest Territories and
ln a portion of the Province of Britlah Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
yeara at aa annual rental of $1 an aere. Not
more than 2,660 acrea will be leued to oaa
applicant.
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant ln persou to the Agent or Sab-Agent
of the district In whloh the rlghta applied
for are situated. »
In surveyed territory, tha land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
seotlons, and ln nnsurveyed territory the
tract applied for ahall be staked by the applicant himself.
Eaeh application moat be accompanied by
a fee of 16, wblch will be refunded if the
rlghta applied for are nos available, but not
otherwise. A royalty ihall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five eents per too.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
tbe coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at leut once
a year,
The  lease will  Include  the  eoal  mining
rights only, bnt the lessee may bo permitted/
to purchase whatever available surface rlghta
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate or 110 an acre.
For full Information application should be
mado to the Seeretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to spj Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.      __       _
W. H. CORY.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thla ad*
vertlsement will not be paid for—8069O
S8S86
Union
MADE
.Peer
AND
 Porter
■■ '   II-EBB*
 Of America rQ><r
comitHT tTMOi w»K»H|iTimD noa
Vote against prohibition I Demand per*
sonal liberty In choosing what yon will drink.'
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that It Is Union Made. This ia our Label
RENNIE'S SEEDS
II! AIMJUAK 1 1 RS   1 i U(    ,1 1 1 pS   |'l  \ N 1 .
Ill I Us \*.h MIITlr.
SKYMOUR sfi.lii
Wm   RENNIE C'«, Limited
1  ,*>  III 1MI K  ST.              '. \Nl m 1 l< FBIDAY MABCH 17, 1916
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATl6NIST
PAGE THREE
This Beer is
Different
ftSft
"The Beer Without a Peer"
differs from ordinary beer
in all the prime essentials
of quality.
Every bottle is brimful of
the nourishing elements
derived from large plump
malt berries — its fragrance of aroma and delici-
ousness of flavor is due to
the exclusive use of the
best B. C. hops.
Your dealer has CASCADE. Phone him TODAY sure, for a trial case.
6 PINTS for 50c
3 QUARTS for.. .50c
VANCOUVER
BREWERIES
LIMITED
BREWED
HOTEL S
«$f>
■metfER
<>'
'J
m
l BREW
VANCOUVER,**)
tr**
PrtOENIX
BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops
by Union Labor.
.   MANUFACTURED BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
/.       	
And on sale al all Liquor Stores in
VANCOUVER and VICTORIA       v
TEMPERANCE
is good for all men; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. The total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
tho abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink j it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
brands.
BRITANNIA, PALE
OB
PREMIER
WESTMINSTER BREWERY
LIMITED
A. E. SUCKLING & CO. LTD.
VANCOUVEB DISTBIBUTOBB
Goo.l for one year', subscription to Tho B.
0. Fotlorationlflt, will be mailed to any ad*
10 SUB   CARDS '"".-"-P*"'1* '■"•»'?• JOood'anyihefe
outalde of Vancouver city.)    Order ten to-
day.   Remit when aold.
•4Ukamttatar^f
ASK FOR
B. C. Special
RYE
Whisky
Nine Years in Wood
UNSURPASSED
IN QUALITY
AND FLAVOR
Established 1903
MENINTHETRENCHES
EA
Industrial Banner Say They
Should Be Permitted
to Vote
Unfair to Disqualify Them
on Such Important
i        Legislation
If a provincial reforondtun is to bo
taken on the question of prohibition, is
it fair to consider that the real voice
of the electorate has been heard on the
subject unless the thousands of men
who.are on the provincial list, but who
are now lighting for their country at
the front, are given a chance to vote on
the question f
The above question is put forward.
by the Industrial Banner of Toronto in
connection with the proposed referendum on prohibition in Ontario. The arguments in connection with the subject,
if true for Ontario, are also T&lid for
British Columbia.        v
The Banner points out that when it
was thought that a federal election
would be held thiB year, the government considered that the real choice of
the electors as to their Dominion representatives could not be obtained unless
ballot boxeB were sent to the front and
the enlisted men given an opportunity
to take part in the election.
As a Labor organ, the Banner Btates
that it has always been in favor of the
principle of the referendum on questions of importance, but it considers
that on a subject of the importance of
the prohibition referendum, any declaration of the electorate would be only
a partial return should the thousands of
provincial electors now at the front be
disqualified from participating because
of their temporary absence from their
homes fighting for the cause of the
Allies.
Whom Does Prohibition Benefit?
The Western Clarion ■ taxes a *'shy"
at the question by the publication of
the following article:
"Revolutionary socialists do not
make a practice of dealing with reform
measures, which is undoubtedly the
correct attitude, but the question of
prohibition being "next to the war in
interest these days, affords one a little
mental recreation, looked at from a revolutionary standpoint.
"Granted 'we should worry' aa to
the outcome of this latest farce, let ub
give the question a few minutes
thought.
"First of all, when any such act as
this is staged on the platform of life,
we inquisitive economists look around
to see who reaps the benefit. ,
"It stands to reaBon that when a
slave's intellect is clouded through the
too liberal use of liquor, Mb day 's output of labor will not be up to the standard. This being ,undebatable, the next
thing we see is that by keeping the
slave sober wo get more energy from
his hide, and, besides this, we have cut
out one of his little pleasures in life,
thus reducing his cost of living, so that
we are now able to screw down one
more notch and reduce nls wages.
"Here, then, we have two ways in
which prohibition will greatly enhance
the dividend hunters' chances. -First by
the fact that the slaves are- now sober
all duy and produce more, and secondly,
that money which he spent In drink was
not used to reproduce lasting energy so
that his wage can be safely cut that
amount.
,.   Harvest for Drugclsts.
"No wonder prohibition sweeps in,
for besides this view of the situation,
we can look at it from the .druggists'
point of view, as their's will-be a rich
harvest selling liquor on 'doctor's pre.
scriptions,' which, by the way, will
probably enhance the price very considerably, so that Mr. Druggist will get
the saloonkeeper's profit besides his
own, which will undoubtedly be added
somewhat heavily.
"We may not worry much, ns stated
at the beginning of thiB article, and
about the only way we revolutionists
can take an interest in it is on account
of the extra propaganda which can be
carried on by us among those who were
heretofore too much taken up with the
'call to the bar.'
"Prohibition may, or may not, be all
rot, it matters not. There is so much
force behind it that the liquor interests
look, small in comparison and, as it will
undoubtedly be existent In our neighborhood beforo many months, we may
as well look around and see how it will
help us to educate the slaves to their
position in human society.
"When beer, or whiskey, is as easily
obtainable as water, as it may be under
different social conditions, there will
then be no drunkenness or abuse of
liquor uny/noro than there is an over-
consumption of water today."
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
Friday, March 20,. 1895.
Secretary John A. Fulton instructed
to communicate with the Stonecutters'
union, with a view to having it affiliated with the Trades and Labor, council.
Jack Hardy was initiated as delegate
from Stevedores' union, vice F. Britton.
W. Pleming mtake a lengthy report on
tke convention of building trades held
at Olympia, Wash., on the 24th, 25th
and 26th February.  .
Rumor bricklayers will withdraw
from council.
ffl LETTERS TO
Oriental Question,
Editor B. tt Federationist. Now that
a general election is about to be held
in this province, it is up to the voters
to elect good men pledged to enact the
following legislation:
1. A bill prohibiting Orientals from
holding or leasing lands within the
province.
2. Fishing licenses to be issued only
to white men and native Indiana.
3. Mill owners who employ Orientals
to have their timber limits cancelled.
4. The coal mines of the province to
be worked by the government.
The above is the kind of legislation
this province needs to make it a white
man's country.
W. SMITE
Vancouver, March 13,1910.
Railwaymen "Federating"
, President Wharton, of the Railway
Employees' department of the A. F. of
L., has issued the call for a convention,
which is to be held in Kansas City, beginning April 10. It is expected that
some serious problems will come before
Labor Official Beports on Situation in
the convention for solution, such as
closer affiliation and following the
transportation men to secure improvements.
FromParm's
Potato Patch
Seasons
put up in
pint bottles
B.C. VINEGAR WORKS
Faotory; 1865-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 285
Est. 1904 Vancouver, B. O.
Judge Jones, J. P., Shelved;
Tljo Hyack Canyon Vindicator says
there was a 'ell of "a time at the Old
Boys' club the other night. President
Jones was withdrawn as official candidate.
When he called the meeting to order,
he said: "Brothers, I want yon to pnBS
a resolution that in case of fire or riots
the president Bhall havo ten feet start,
for the door. These strong March gales
are dangerous."
Dan Moss, the notorious after-night
equine expert, made the motion, and
said the request of "our official candidate" (with emphasis on the candidate)
was a modest one. The elements were
stormy and the 'hall was liable to blaze
up any time.
Bill Boggs arose und said that the
president and Dan Moss had run this
club long enough. It was common road
talk, tavern talk and every other kind
of talk, that Judge Jones had been appointed a J. P. because he was fit for
nothing else. Some queer people imagine it gave him a pull as a candidate
to split up the vote, and keep Premier
Parker WilliamB, Attorney-General
Macdonald and the rest of the gang in
control at New Westminster or some
other old place. The judge said at the
committee caucus that' he was an "independent-opposition ist-wetter ''—whatever that was.   (Deriflive laughter.)
"You see the dodge, don't yer, gentlemen?" said Bill. (More applause,
for they saw it.) "That will elect the
'drys.' This club is all 'wets.' If we
don't' withdraw Judge Jones from the
fight of our lives, its mighty liable to
end up in victory for the drys. Mind
yer, the majority of the electors in
Hyak Canyon are against prohibition
and in favor of liberty and the flag—
but then they'd be split up."
Bill then proposod the club withdraw
its candidate, amidst loud applause.
Jack Plum, in seconding the resolution, said he thought the president and
treasurer should both resign. "I tell
yer, they've worked their cards long
enough pretty well, and munnged to get
about all the political boodle that blows
anywhere near these diggings, he said,
followed by cheers.
President Judge Jones, J. P., vociferously declared that he would not resign.
"I've been president since this club
started. Sir, I absolutely refuse to resign,"    (Big excitement.)
Cy. King (better known by the old
boys as Ananias)—Mr, President, did
you, or did you not, sny to the committee the other night, if you wero turned
down as candidato by this club, you'd
run anyhow ? (Members stirred up to a
high pitch.)
The presidont—What if I did? (Cries
of "don't wriggle out of it.")
Cy. King—Further, did .you, or did
you not, sny that if certain members
went against you in thiB club, that' the
nest time any of them came bofore you
for drinking, you would "sock it to
overy mother's son of themf" (Members now thoroughly aroused.)
President Judge Joiicb—In my capacity as justice of the peaco, I will enforce the law.(
Several voices—What about Dan
Moss fiindin' horses?
A member—He's chairman of your
committee, aint he?   (Groans.)
President JonCB refused to put the
motion, and the membors roared "Carried."   Throe grunted "No."     '
Proceedings terminated without pitting tho Mobs resolution ns printed
above.
"Lifo is but n dream,"' sang the
poet. It's a safo bet, it has been a regular nightmnro to Judgo "Jones since tho
meeting of tho Old Boys' club.—Vindicator.
Thc Hyak C&nyon Vindicator, our
valued exchange, was late last week. It
had to wait for a few delinquent subscribers to pay up in order to buy paper
for Friday's issue. However, tho Vindicator has beon vindicated, and we
congratulate the editor.
MisB jffnriu Josephine Jenkins writes:
What is tho fashionable color of nn
envelope denoting a June proposal for
marriage?" Miss Roso Jane Thnlman,
our society editor, being out of town
with Judge and Mrs. Jones, the offico
devil Informs ub that he heard her say
to Miss Lucy M. Greon that the roal
Paris society eolor was white. Wo Bell
them at ten for a nick!©.—Ed.
New South Wales Sets Good
Example for Others
to Follow
Doctors Strike Because of
Proposal to Give Free
Medical Service
[By W. FranclB Ahern]
SYDNEY, N.S.W., Feb. 23.—(Special
to The Federationist.)—The Labor
premier of New South Wales, speaking
at Sydney on January 20, outlined the
work done by that state in guarding
the people against exploitation on the
part of the food hogs. Since the war,
this state has devoted Itself to the effort to combat high prices. Tho government appointed a Necessary Commodities commission clothed with power
to seize all goods sold above the government proclaimed prices. The effect
of tbis action is apparent' in the figures
supplied by the Australian commonwealth statistician in regard to the increase in "the coat of living since the
war began. In Victoria the cost of living has increased 33 per cent.; in
Queensland, 27 per cent.; in Tasmania,
23 per cent, and in New South Wales
it haa increased 16 per cent. Thua the
actual increase in Victoria, * under a
Conservative government,, had been
twice as dear as in New South Wales,
under a' Labor government. But the
.result is still more striking when actual figures are seen. Ab a result of
direct control of the food prices, the
public have been saved in New South
Wales over $7,000,000 of purchasing*
money, which sum would have otherwise gone into the pockets of the exploiters. In other directions, owing to
government action, inflation of prices
had been checked and the value of this
saving cannot be estimated.
Food Production Nationalised.
At the laat state election the Labor
government pledged itself to deal with
the cheapening of food. When the war
came, the commission regulated prices,
but as this is but a temporary measure,
the value of such a court cannot be
fully estimated till peace cornea again.
While this was being done, however,
fundamental steps were taken to cope
with the greater problems. The fishery
schemes are now a going concern, with
many shops open to'the public and the
price of fish down more than half. A
fleet of trawlers is being rapidly built,
while the greater question of nationalizing the meat industry is being rapidly
brought to practical purpose. The
bread industry will have Wn nationalized before tho close of the present, year,
the government undertaking as a first
setoff, to reduce the bread by 2 cents
per loaf.
National Liquor Traffic
As regards liquor reform the Labor party is in favor of nationalizing
the whole industry and at the next
state election a referendum will be
taken to get tne authority of the people
to this step.
Free Medical Aid for Schools.
The government is also formulating
a scheme of free medical treatment to
all school children, ond this is causing
much disturbance among the medical
fraternity of New South Wales. The
highly paid doctors of today fear that
the government intend to nationalize
their industry, and break down the old
barrier of high prices for medical treatment, and indeed, this is just whnt tho
government is out to do. Aa a beginning, the government ia putting doctors in to attend to the school childron
all over the Btate, and it seems as if we
will see a atrike on the part of tho doctors, who will tako the "charitable"
action of seeing people die, rather than
succor them without payment of high
fees. Needless to say the government
has the entire mass of the people with
them in their attack on high-priced
quackery and the Boonor we see the nationalization of this trade the better
it will be for the mankind nnd womankind of our state. An interesting situation Is now arising, as a strike on the
pnrt of the doctors is already in thc
air. But the govornment is determined
that tho people shall havo cheap medical treatment, no matter what thc cost
may bej *.-
Try It For a Day or Two.
If you do not demand the union label
on all purchasos there is n gap in your
trado unionism that should bo speedily
closed up, and of which you should bo
heartily ashamed. Think this ovor
nnd govern your future conduct accordingly. Bo a consistent, persistent, hon-
est trnde unionist.
Named Shoes ve frequently made in Noa-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what Ita name, unltsa lt bean a
plain aad readable Imprewlon or thla stamp.
All ahoea without tho Union Stamp an
always Non-Union.
BOOT * OHOI WORKER* UNION
148 Summer Stroot, Boston. Mass.
J. P. Tobta, Pros.   O. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treea
Mr. Skilled Workman,
. meet my Skilled Specialists
Your teeth, wben they need care, will be better looked after in my
office, because of the high-class of the special equipment installed for the
work—no finer or more complete modern dental office anywhere..
, Then, too, I have a staff of highly trained specialists in eaoh department of my laboratory. They, like you, hold their positions by reaaon
of their special training and skill. I take care that I have none but men
of exceptional ability on my staff. Come in and look them over and at
the same time let ub look your teeth over. I
No man ahould let more than six months go without a visit to his dentist, to have his teeth carefully inspected. Let me be your dentist. It
coBts you nothing to consult me and have a complete examination of your
teeth,   AU dental work is done at extremely moderate prices in my office.
Offlce open evenings, Tuesdays and Saturdays,
These are my prices for the highest class dentistry^and guaranteed
peinless methods:
Gold Crowna, eaoh $4.00
Porcelain fillings, each ....$1.00.
Porcelain crowns, each $4.00
Amalgam fillings, each $1.00
Full upper or lower plates,
each $6.00
Expression plates; the very
best, per set $10.00
Bridge work, per tooth....$4.00
Painless extraction     60c
Bepairing plates     50c
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown uid Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St., W.
Cor. Seymour St
Phone Seymour 3331
Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10
RITCHIE'S 1916
SPRING CATALOGUE
Now ready for mailing
freo on application. fiend
In your name and address.
The quality of the floods
and plants we carry Ir
stock fa u insur panned. Full
descriptive directions for
all flowers and vegetables.
Btart yonr gardon right by
buying Ritchie's Seeds.
Qet onr Special Offers on .
and Oold   Medal   Sweet
our  Famous Irish Roses
Peas.
RITCHIE'S
8*10 ORANVILLE ST.
:    VANCOUVEB, B.O.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 GEORGIA STRUT
On.  Blook   weit  of Court  Houee.
Ul.  of  Modem  Chapol and
Funeral  Parlor,  free  to all
Patron.
Telephone Seymour 2US
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Offloo and Chapel,
1M4 Oranvllle St., Phone Bey. 3486.
North Vanoouver — office and
Chapel, 122-8lith Bt. Weat, Phone
IM.
It will pay you
to install electrical household devices in your home, owing to
the cheapness, efficiency and economy with which they can be
operated. ,
The Electric Iron
will reduce to nil the chances of your spoiling a fabric costing
many times the price of the iron. That's the way with all electrical appliances—they save their cost several times over in '
their reliability.
The Electric Toaster
Electric Percolator and Electric Grill stove all lighten the
household labors and add nothing to the cost. By the use of
electrical appliances you may cook a meal in the dining-room,
saving innumerable steps back and forth. -
Enquire about electrical household appliances at our salesrooms.
(jfCS&cfoic
Carrall and Hastings,Streets
1138 Granville St. Near Davie
Phone Seymour 5000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY MABCH 17, 1916
AN OVERALL FOR
MEN 'm
for $1.00 pair
One you can depend on—its well cut, made of good
material, strongly sewn and with bib and pockets.
You can pay $1.25 for overalls that are not as good
as these. All sizes, per pair $1.00
Granville and Georgia Streets
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
SAVE ALL BOYAL OBOWN COUPONS AND WBAPPEBS
THEY ABE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)     ,
*c|
jiwikJi ii
hacdonald-Marpole Co.
Phone
mXT
tmggs*
Phone
Seqnww
2lO
PRICES FOR COAL DELIVERED
LUMP, PER TON, $7.50   PEA, PER TON, $5l5
NUT, PER TON, $6.50   SLACK, PER TON, 4.50
PITHER& LEISER, LTD.
WHOLESALE
WINE AND SPIRITVMERCHANTS
VANCOUVER VICTORIA, B.C.
REPRESENTING-
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnook Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Bock, lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sautemes and Burgan-
dies, eto., eto.
Safeguard
Good    ^™^
Wourlshink*/ )
Food
Ooilvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
AS
1Y BLED THE
Favorite Tune Is "Around
and Around the Mulberry Bush"    .
Standard of Efficiency for
Charity Organizations
Is Outlined
tho square root of jniniiB unity.    Ay,
man!
And so the parliament house in Ottawa went up in smoke. Must have
been   a   spontaneous   combustion   of
[By. W. M. C]
To paraphrase the wisdom of the pro>
phot's, "Banks move in a mysterious
way their wonders to perform." As to
thoir methods of performing the aforementioned wonders, hereby hangs a
tale. The gold reserve of what is practically conceded to be the state bank
of ono of the Allies was about $45,000,-
000 when the war broke out in August,
1914. Tho banking system—what' there
was of it—hopelessly broke down under
the strain, and could, by no manner of
means, havo fulfilled its obligations had
not the state came to its assistance by
declaring a moratorium and providing
it ^tth legal tender paper money. About
two'months afterwards, the state applied to this bank for a loon of $1,500,000,-
000, and hero the tail wagsl
Tho bank did not have the money;
neither did tho "patriots" of the nation, Nevertheless, as it is a well-known
scientific fact that banks can squeeze
blood out of a stone and call tho elusive dollar home just as "Mary calls
tho cattle home," they issoed tho call
to the public to "divide up," in a truly
alleged socialist manner, their ill-gotten
wealth for the defense of liberty and
other things too numerous to mention.
"Around the Mulberry Bush."
But the "cattle" heeded not the call,
because, forBooth, they, held a four-
flush. Whereat the brains rotated a
few times, and evolved the following:
Circulars were issued to a choice 'selection of solid citizens notifying them
thnt, if they would''fill in tho enclosed
form of application for a portion of the
war loan, they, the banks, would lend
the money—which they did not have,
or they would not have issued the circulars in the first place. Thoae who
availed themselves of this offer were
charged 3% for the accommodation;
the state will pay 4%; and the state
will collect from the taxpayers, of
which they are units, the only real part
of the transaction.
Wbat has here happened? Mere bookkeeping, and nothing more. Not a cent
of money in sight. The bank debits
the subscriber with the amount supposedly subscribed (which neither it
nor he possessed) and credits him with
war loan stock to that amount. Then
the treasury draws cheques on the bank
to tho value of the stock subscribed.
With them it pays the munition makers, contractors, etc., and, in due course
the cheques return to the bankers'
clearing house. And thus we go round
the mulberry bush!
How the Plan Works Out.
If money was not employed, what
then wast Obviously, credit. But
whose credit? As the subscribers and
the bankers were absolutely guiltless,
it must then be the taxpayers. The
whole trick turned upon the assurance
that, for this bit of bookkeeping, the
taxpayers would bleed to the extent of
'$60,000,000 per annum—a mere bagatelle these prosperous times. The taxpayers thus pay the bookkeepers for the
use of the taxpayers' credit—and we
are a wise, enlightened and highly civilized nation, and make much ado about
fighting for liberty, freedom and the 4-
lb. loaf.
Listen to the chortle of the Financial
News over this little deal: "The banks
and financiers, once supposed the very
quintessence of selfishness, are found
the bulwarks of imperial freedom in its
hour of need. And money itself, for
thousands of years the scorn of every
cheap philosopher and even of better
minds, is at last coming into its own.''
My goodness godnesB, Agnes, wouldn't
that cork youl Of course, wo wouldn't
dare mention the remedy for this study
in black and white, as it is a Utopian
scheme.
Waste in Charity.
According to latest press reports,
Woe ' iveekumfunny, the man from
Wales that makes the munitions, is go-
ingt to be run by Lord Northcliffe for
the kaiser's job—when that bad cough
of the kaiser's gets its work in.
F. J. Bruno, head of Minneapolis
charities, says: "The amount given (to
the poor) is not a tost of a society's
faithfulness to its obligations. It might
almost be Said that a society is faithful
inversely in proportion to the amount
of material relief it spends," In other
words, a Rociety thnt retains 100 cents
in the dollar is 1X10% efficient. As, in
every dollar given to charity organizations, 43 cent's goes to the poor, and 57
cents to the organizations, these societies have quite a bit of leeway to make
up before becoming efficient. Mathematically put, the problem is thus one
of diminishing quantities subdividing
WESTEBN CANADA TYPOS.
Secretary Bellamy's Quarterly Beports
Show Quiet Trade Conditions.
Medicine Hat reports twonty-throo
members. C. A. Adist and F. Matthews
enlisted, making a t'oti* of ton members
now in service. Bob Collier has boen
discharged from his regiment as physically unfit, after spending nearly two
months in the hospital. William Burgess was elected president of tho trades
und labor council. Trade is quiet.
. Swift Current reports eight mombers
and no subs. Trade fair. James Quinn
has enlisted for overseas service.
Prince Albert reports nine members
and no subs. Relations with employers
regarding scale negotiations unsettled.
Trade very poor. Daily paper is publishing four-page sheet four days a
week.
Moose Jaw reports thirty-six members and two buds.   Trado is fair.
Lethbridge has thirteen members, one
band sub. Job trade is good; advertising quiet. Two members have enlisted
for overseas service. Union is protecting the membership.
Calgary 'haB 132 members, ten subs.
Trade is fair, but there are plenty of
suits. Standard Publishing company
went out of business in January. Four
more members recently enlisted for service overseas.
The Saskatchewan executivo of tho
Trades Congress took up the matter of
amendments to the factories act of that
provinco (as drafted by the conference)
with the cabinet ministers. J.'D. Wallace, president of Saskatoon union, was
a member of the committee, and particularly urged action with regard to improvements of sanitation. and ventilation in printing offices.
Rogina scale negotiations have not
been settled at time of writing.—B. W.
Bellnmy, in Typo. Journal.
E
Good Reports from Many
Unions at Last T. and
L. Council
Contract for Street Railway
Men's Uniforms Now
Being Discussed
BARTENDERS' POINT OP VIEW
Members of Union Wondering Whose
Job to Look After.
Local (i76, Bartenders' International
league, has not much to say this week
in -tho way of news. Things aro jogging
along, but only in a quiet sort of way.
We are beginning to get anxious about
the result of tho prohibition agitation,
kind of wondering where our next
meal ticket is coming from if the prohibitionists have thoir way, and trying to
figure out whoso job we will take if we
lose. It is a cinch we will get somebody's. Some of us may turn out to be
good ministers, and, with thc experience
we have, I don^t know but that some
of us might qualify aB doctors or druggists (?) But we would rather do it
legitimately, so let us hope that such
legislation will not get by with the
electors.
Here are a few factB and figures from
the February isBue of Pure Products,
which go to show that prohibition does
not bring the prosperity and good times
claimed for it.
"In the 1014 vote on state-wide prohibition the 'dry' majority in the states
of Arizona, Colorado, Oregon, Virginia
and Washington was 100,203.
"The 'wet"majority in the fltates of
California, Ohio and Texas was 273,757.
"Note the larger majority against in
three states ns against the majority
for in five states,
"Sixteen states which havo tried
prohibition and returned to license system have a combined population of 38,-
032,302. Add TexaB and California,
which rejected prohibition, and' the
combined population which has repudiated the idea is 46,058,304.
"The nineteen states under prohibition law have a combined population of
27,344,013. So, taking the United
States as a whole, nearly twice as many
people have tried and rejected the idea
as those who are now trying it.
"Seven of thoso nineteen 'dry'
states are 'dry'by act of legislature,
that is, the people in these states never
had an opportunity to vote on the question, but prohibition was forced upon
the citizens by the  legislature.   The
topulation of these seven states is 12,-
53,931.
"The total population of the nineteen 'dry' statea is 27,344,013, while
the total population of the states whero
licenses are still granted is 64,628,253,
In other words, there are almost three
times as many people living in 'wet'
territory as there arc in 'dry' territory
in tho United States.
"In the last four years 10,000 illicit
distilleries have been seized in the
United States, four-fifths of theBe stills
being found in 'dry' territory.
"All of which, Mr. Editor, goes to
ahow that the majority of the,people,
(and with them must go a large amount
of prosperity) goea to the part of tho
country that handles ita liquor trade by
the license system.
"So I say, let British Columbia profit by the experience of those who have
tried the remedy, and found it wanting.
If we want prosperity let us stay with
the legitimate license system."
"BILL.
•  [By W. YateB]
NEW WESTMINSTER, March 16.—
The reports of delegates at tho last
meeting of tho Trades and Labor council showed a decided improvement in
the Btate of work as compared with the
last few months. The Typo, union reported all mon working, and two now
papers being startod in town. The
Cigarmakers and Brewery Workers ro-
ported all men working, and the Street
Railwaymen reported a fair increase in
the nmount of work nvnilable for thoir
membors. The lumber mills are all vory
busy, although they are handicapped to
a certain extont by a shortage of cara
to ship their product to tho prairies.
The munition factories aro working full
capacity, one of them running a nighf
shift. The B. C. Electric is employing
several moro men than usual, as the
freight business ia still on tho increase,
also considerable repairs to make to
their tracks, etc., caused by the heavy
snows and floods of the winter, ia under
way. A gang of nbout 25 men is preparing to move the freight sheds to the
new harbor line which will require the
laying of a new track.
Some of the city employeea, having
becomo aware of what is necessary to
take care of their material interests,
have requested the council to form nn
organization of all city employees, nnd
a movement of that nature is now under way. One member of the council
assigned to each department to interview the men ns to what kind of nn
organization they desire nnd to report
at tho next meeting.
Street Railway Employees
Division 134 of tho Street' Rnilwny
Men's union held one of tho largest
meetings last night they havo had for
some time. One new member, H. A.
Petorsen, was initiated, and one withdrawn reported. Considerable time.wob
spent discussing thc matter of a now
contract for the making of uniforms.
Although no deciaion wns arrivod at as
to which firm should got the contract,
it was definitely decided that tho uniforms must be made in New Weatmin-
stor by union labor and thnt each garment must have the union label on it.
Ever since the last agreement wns
made, when the head office of the association refused their help to the locals
in British Columbia, there haa been a
great deal of dissatisfaction expressed
by a certain section of tho membor-
shio ns to tho treatment nccorded us,
and when we received a letter from
President Mahon, which advised a large
part of our membership to drop out of
the organization, the unrest was
brought to a head, and tho members
tako somo action toward getting fair
treatment or withdrawing entirely nnd
forming a new association. A committee of three members wbb appointed to
visit the locals in Vancouver and Victoria and get the viewa of the membera
there on the question.
tfelkjrc^oobc
acco.
Labor Temple
Building
Phone Ser. 4410
printers of'rhe Pun.
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vaudeville Huns
IAKTAOSS VAUDEVILLE
THEEE SHOWS DAILY
2:46, 7:30, 0:15    Season's Prices:
Matinee,   16c;   Evenings,   16o,   25c.
PRESENTATION AT CAB BABNS
Vancouver Platform Man Present Bearing Supt. Hilton with Gold Watch.
On Wednesday afternoon a large
number of the platform employees of
the B, C. Electric Bailway met in tho
reading room of the men's quarters at
Main and Prior streets, to make a farewell presentation to Mr. Jaa. Hilton,
who recently resigned the position of
superintendent of the company's Vancouver and suburban lines.
Tho presentation was in the form of
a handsome gold watch, which was
handed to Mr. Hilton by Mr, P. Logic,
representing a committee of the motor-
men and conductors. Mr. Logie said
that he was sure he voiced the general
feeling of the platform men when he
expressed regret on account of Mr. Hilton 'a resignation, his personal qualities
being of sjich a character as to cause
them to respect him, evon when they
wero "on tho carpet." In reply, Mr.
Hilton said that while connected with
the company, he had tried to deal fairly
with tho men, and he certainly folt re-
grot because his resignation would
mean tho severance of many friendships
ho had formed with many of them during hiB term of office, ue trusted that
the same spirit of helpful loyalty which
had assisted him in performing his
duties would be transferred to "Billy"
Diitaraoro, his successor aa superintendent of the division.
Women aro Joining Unions.
Women and girls in England nro now
flocking into tho Clerks' union more
rapidly than men. In ono month 556
women joined agninst 489 men. Tho
reason is that many men havo gone to
war and the womon are rapidly filling
their plaees.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
1
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
Note These Points
which Stand Out Pre-eminent in Spencer's
WORKMAN'S WATCH
P.    • For a watch at this price thero is none better in
teClSlOn     Vancouver.   For whatever purpose needed you can
  reply on ita precise timekeeping qualities.   It is
quickly ndjusted to your particular wear.   Week in week out it is on
steady timb.
dynamo.
It is non-magnetic /and not affected by the strongest
\\i.\-iAm
5      1 a J a a        Every wheel, pinion and jewel hole ia soundly and
Oltul tU     solidly ^finished and the general principles on whioh
i, ■.,., ■■■ii-.h..,,.. , the movement is constructed bear evidence that it
is a thoroughly dependable watch suited for the man or boy who leads
an active out of door lifo.
r\ I alaa        The guaranteo is for a yoar, but with anything like
UUTQulltty    fair treatment you can keop on uBing it year after
woll.
year and it will continue to serve you faithfully and
The caae is of nickol silver and'wears white throughout.
Savon jewel .
, $3.50 Fifteen jewel   95.00
—Jewelry Section Main Floor
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
T
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
For agent Union Printers' Home—
Joo M. Johnson of Columbia No. 101,
600 unions.
Tlie oleotion will bo hold on the 4th
Wodncsdny in May, by referendum
vote, and in tho meantime the various
candidates will ondenvor, through tho
columns of their trado journal and by
circular, to obtain tho support of tho
membership on election day.
MOVEMENT TO SAVE
LABOR TEMPLE
(Continued from page One.)
I. T. V. NOMINATIONS
Starters Named and Elections Will
Take Place in Hay.
The official result of voting for the
election of candidates for International
Typographical union officers for the
next two yeara haa been distributed by
Secretary-treasurer J. W. Hays, and
shows that candidatea received endorsements ns indicated belowr
For president—Marsden G. Scott of
New York No. 6, 598 unions.
For vice-president—Walter W. Barrett of Chicago No. 10, 59S unions.
For secretary-treasurer—J. W. Hays
of Minneapolis No. 42, 401 unions; W.
E. Merritt of Houston No. 87, 65
unions; J. W. Bramwood of Indianapolis No. 1, 13 unions.
As the law requires that candidates
for secretary-treasurer must receive the
endorsement of nt least fifty unions In
order to become a nominee, the contest
will be between the present incumbent,
Mr. J. W. Hays, and Mr. W. E. Merritt of Houston.
For delegates to American Federation
of Labor—Max S. Hayes of Cleveland
. n. 5U, 510 unions; Frank Morrison ot
Chicago No. 16, 491 unions; H. W. Dennett of Los Angeles No. 174, 478
unions; T. W. McCulIough of Omaha
No. 190, 400 unions; H. Stevenson of
Toronto No. 91, 378 unions; U. B. Pit-
tinger of Mount Morria No. 681, 53
unions.
For delegate to Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada—James Drury of
Montreal, No. 176, 217 unions; Samuel
Haddon of Toronto No. 91, 169 unions;
W. B. Trotter of Vancouver No. 22fl,
163 unions.
For truatees Union Printers' Home—
Thomas MeCaffery of Colorado Springs
No. 82, 518 unions; Malcolm A. Knock
of Boston No. 13, 395 unions; Michael
Powell of Ottawa No. 102, 266 unions;
William Mounce of New Tork No. 6,
220 unions; T. T. Nock of Birmingham
No. 104, 187 unions; Jerome V. O'Hara
of New Tork No. 6, 118 unions.
take no political action in the future.
Tlie entire subject waa then diseased
along the lines of it being impossible to
secure unanimity of action on political
lines in the council at present ond, on
the other hand, the inadvisability of attempting to bind future councila ub to
their policy on political questions, some
delegates oxpreBsing the opinion that
there was hope for the future. At the
close of the discussion, the report of the
committee was adopted without amendment.
Bestrict Entrance of Labor.
Another recommendation of tho parliamentary committee which was endorsed, was that thc Dominion authorities be requested to furthor extend tho
order-in-council which expires on March
31 and prohibits the entrance of labor
from outside pointa into British Columbia. In the discussion, Delegato Trotter said that there were sovoral American companies working in the province
who wouid probably try to bring in men
from the othor sido and it was necessary to do something to protect the unemployed now here.
Vico-president Pettipiece said tho order-in-council did not seem to be doing
much good. He had been to White
Rock during the wook, and on his return saw men coming over who were
undoubtedly loggers. He had also found
that practically the entire white force
at the plant of tho Campbell River
Lumber Co. were mon who camo over
from Blnino every day.
On the recommendation of the parliamentary committee and after explanation ot the case by President McVoty,
the council sent up a request for the
amendment of the Dominion shipping
regulations to provide that the hospital
tax be'paid by British or foreign fishing vessels operating from Canadian
ports.
Pay of Munition Workers.
On the queation of the families of
munition workers receiving insufficient
pay to support their families, tho parliamentary committeo said that special
cases of this character would be taken
up if tho full facta could be secured.
Preaident McVoty, reporting on the
local patriotic fund) said that tho wives
of somo munition workers complained
that they were not being as well provided for as the wives of soldiers. On the
general work of the patriotic fund, ho
reported that 2192 families wore being
given aid, 3289 children being on the
list. Tho average monthly payment per
family was $20.49, and the total disbursements for the month woro $45,-
142.23. The provision made by this
fund was in addition to tho separation
allowance and the proportion of pay of
the Boldier.
Labor for Northwest Farmers.
President McVety stated that recently a query had come from Saskatchewan aa to the possibility of securing
mon in British Columbia for work with
the farmors. A reply had been sent to
tho effect that there wero 500 men hore
who had previously been in Albortn and
Saskatchewan, and who wore available.
Nothing furthor had beon heard on the
matter, but the speaker had later been
informed that tho railways had granted
a Bpocial rato from tho east to meet
the demands of the caae, and that t«o
SaBkafchewan farmers were now looking to the east ar.d south for their help.
Some action should be taken which
would givo equal opportunities for men
hero who were capable and willing to
go to the northwest
The council directed thnt representations bo made to the labor department
of. Saskatchewan as to farm laborers
boing available here and requesting
thnt there be no discrimination against
men from B. C. In discussing the resolution, Del. Harrison Baid thtft tho city
counoil should aupport the movement,
as it was providing from relief funds
for some who might thus be provided
with work. This might open the way
for the city to givo its regular men full
time.
Milk Drivers' Union.
Delegate Porter reported for the milk
drivers, saying that 67 men were now
enrolled, lie wbb sure good work could
be done if membera of trades unions
would ask tho men delivering milk at
their homes if they were wearing the
union button or nsk their dairiea if
their milk was being delivered by a
union man. The lot of the milk drivers
was hard, as some had to work 14 hourB
§er day and seven days per week. One
airy had recently placed a contract
before its employees whieh demanded
that the men should not be connected
with any union.
Furniture
Largest and most select atock in
Western Omnia. Easy Terms
and decent treatment, at War
Ume prices.
41 HASTINOS ST., WEST
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & Co.
Men'a Hatters and Outfitters
Thr** Stores
HOTEL New
LOTUS =
■ Modern — Fireproof
COR. ABBOTT AND  PENDER* STS
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under tbe management of W. V. MOBAN
Boom wtth deliehed b.th ji.oo nor day no
Boom vltb private bath |ug p„ daj up
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Oar electric motor but meeti ill boiti and trains free
LOTUS GRILL—Open Continuously
PROM 7 n.m. to MIDNIOHT
Mualc from 6.80 to 8.80 end 10 to midnight
Take up these Questions
at Next Meeting of
your Union
Subscribe
in a Body
Today
10 yearly sub1* cards $10.
Union Secretaries
Please Notice
There are still a number of
local unions throughout British
Columbia tbat have not given
the assistance they should to.
wards The Pederationist, now
the only Labor paper published
west of Winnipeg.
Will your organisation place
a card in our union directory,
costing only fl.00 per month?
Will your organization subscribe In a body to The Federatlonist at the rate of $1.00
eaoh, to be mailed to individual
addresses !
Will your organisation appoint a correspondent to send
In nnlon items of Interest each
weok!
And, by the way: la yoar
union affiliated with the central
labor body of your locality t Is
your union affiliated with the
B. C. Federation of Labor! If
not, what about it!

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