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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 7, 1916

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/ In Vancouver \
■\    Olty 88.QO }
$1.50 PER YEAR
_______ . iy ti .uiii, iiiii.
•tTTTT" 1£S»/^T,' "TTTTT TTT""'
ONE OP THr^ilNCIPAL SOURCES of industrial activity in
the Domini at the present time is the manufacture of munitions ant *^ her war supplies for the use of the Allies.
One of the principal lines of activity now followed by manufacturers is to follow up and obtain, on account of party affiliation, through
connections or pull, or in any old way, one of these war contracts,
not necessarily for the purpose of doing the work, but always with
the end in view of obtaining war-timo profits, for Canada has her
"war brides" and "war babies" as well as the States.
One of thc chief worries of the manager of thc industrial plant who
gets a slice of thc "good thing," in the form of a sub-ontract, is to
seo how ho can squeeze thc greatest return out of thc work, regardless of suoh considerations as hours, working conditions, etc.
The press now almost daily gives its most prominent space and its
largest type to headlines and text covering charges, counter charges,
statements as to commissions and rake-offs, rumors as to favoritism,
graft, etc., all in connection with theso war supply contracts.
Members of parliament are now working overtime on investigations
of reports and charges concerning thc allotment of these contracts
and thc prominent and influential friends of the subjects of the
charges are, night and day, "pussyfooting" here and.there, in constant dread lest their names should bo connected with the affair.
Under conditions as above noted, would it not be well for the government to take over, on its own account, the manufacture of all war
supplies which can be provided by Canadian industrial plants—the
work to be done under the direction and supervision of a commission
of competent persons, selected not because of party affiliation or government pull, but because of their training and experience, Labor being represented on the board.
Such a policy is now being caried out in the Old Country, and
while everything does not work out as smoothly under the munitions
ministry of Lloyd George as might bc wished for, the plan is adlnitted
to have brought out strong arguments in its favor,
Problem Oan Be Solved.
It Is admitted thnt thoro aro peculiar
difficulties in tho way of working out
such a plnn In Canada but, judging
from tho records of thc doily press nnd
the rumors and reports which nro in
circulation from ono end of thc Dominion to tho other, it is reasonably certain
thnt the idea ia well worth consideration. Mutters could not bo very much
worse than thoy aro nt present and, to
uso a nautical term, "nny pnrt in time
of storm."
Tho parties interested in tho subject
nro thoBO who pay tho bills; tho owner
of tho factory, who has the plant; and
the workmen, who provide the labor.
Thoso Who Must Pay.
On the part of the masses thoro is a
general desiro to seo the war brought
to a close ns quickly as possible. To
this end tho public is undoubtedly in
favor of Canadian Industrial plants
turning out aa expeditiously ns possible
tho means for nttnining tho purpose
Those who must pny tho awful toll ore
anxious that when tho war is ovor it
may not bo discovered tbnt the generation unborn nro to bo sweated out of its
living to moot war flnanclal undertakings, whilo a handful of manufacturers'
families sit nt ease and clip coupons, as
tho rosult of thc opportunities of their
nncestors in securing a war contract.
Surely Politics Enough.
On tho pnrt of the mnnnfnoturor,
surely thore should bo no objection to
the government eonunnndeoring his
plant for such u patriotic purpose ns to
nsslst the "cause of tho Empire." Ho
would, of courso, bo paid a stated percentage on the valuation of the plant
used and the operation would be in the
hands of a duly authorized ond responsible commission.
Rule Should Work Both Ways.
These are limes of emergency—times
nf stress und strain. Capitalists should
certainly not object to volunteering the
resources nt their disposal, for thc purpose of meeting war conditions through
the most rapid method of ti ing nut
supplies. Is it. not us much Incumbent
on capitalists to volunteer their resources for thc "good of the empire"
ns for thc workman to offer tho only
thing (uliis, too often) he can call his
awn—Ws life? Surely if Cunndinns at
Ihe front lire to-day making the "grent
sacrifice", and giving up their lives,
the capitalists, who operate industrial
plants in the Dominion, should nlso bo
willing to evon make the "grent sne*
rillco" in connection with their resources.
Conditions Couldn't Be Worse..
And whnt. nbout labor? From what
is heard und said it is judged thut under
tho proposed plnn, the conditions imposed upon it would certainly not bc
worse thnn they are to-day. With II
Labor representative on tho government
commission und one central nnd responsible board, upon whom n linger might
lie placed, to deal with, there would be
n chance for organized labor to stntc
its case and appenl for decent ond uniform treatment.
Workers' Claims Disregarded.
It is well known that many Arms now
holding govornment wnr contracts nre
carrying on their work without nny regard for tho reasonable demnnds of
their workmen. Ouco in n whilo ono
henrs the rumblings of such it case as
whon, only recently, it is learned that
nn unnamed Western Canadian firm hnd
its shell contract cancelled bccauBO it
imposed wretched conditions upon its
And, again, it is stated thnt complaints as to such instances nre so numerous thnt the federal depnrtment of
lnbor is considering tho widening of the
scope of its regulntions so us to provide
for a governmont Investigation of disputes ob to wages nnd working conditions prevailing in connects iwith
war contracts. ixv
Unskilled and Underpaid La'*/*
In Vancouver it is well known shut
plants aro working on munition contracts and that, in these plants, almost
every mnn is nn amateur nt his work,
boing cngngod hecnusc his lnbor con bo
choaply bought. Meanwhllo trained
mon, competent for the work, nro walking tho streets nr asking relief for
their families.
Conditions could be no worse afreet*
ing labor on war contract work than
thoy aro at present', nnd, with n few
cascB being talked about, It is ronBon*
ably certain that, there arc hundreds
of similar cases.
Whatever mny bo tho solution of thc
problem above stated, it would sootn
that something Is demanded to meet
conditions which oro now reported to
Splendid Publicity Given "S.
0. S." of Vancouver
Huge Task of Mailing Continent-wide Appeal Almost Done
Full Report of Committee Pressing
For Six-Day Week Is Awaited
With Oreat Interest.
A great fully (if street railway mon
will bu hold on April 12 (next Wednesday)) und President Cottrell ia considering hiring the large hall in the Lnbor
Temple for the ocension. According to
rumors there is going to be u big crowd
present us nil hands will bc on deck to
hear thu report of the president and
business agent regarding thu six-day
week. Thu Daily Province reports from
Victoriu stntos: "That the company has
agreed to bring forward a new schedule
that will provide for a dny off in seven
or eight, and. thut there waB no intention to enforce the luw against the
company if the latter enrried out' tho
compromise now arranged and which
tho company agrees to voluntarily to
put into effect." Now isn't thut nice
nnd kind?
Will somebody kindly tell us on whnt
reasonable grounds could Premier Bow
ser havo refused our demnnds. As to
this controversy ending in a compromise, well, we prefer to wait until tlvrt
report from our representatives is at
hand before commenting further.
Those memberB who do not attend the
meetings must feel u sense of gratitude
toward the active members when they
rctilizo how thoir interests are being
looked after in spite uf their iitdiffer-
Do you ever notice how frequently
the Oriuntul question crops up iu the
city council? .lust lately tho worthy
aldermen have spent u lot of valuable
time discussing this annoying subject.
Tf begins to look as though there was a
danger of the mutter becoming serious.
Most of the aldermen apparently think
bo, but seem afraid to mnke a determined-stand. Did you read the report
of their deliberations ia last Tuesday's
World. If iiQt, you surely missed something. They certainly seem to understand the situation alright,—I don't
think. Why not adopt Aid. Woodsido's
suggestion with regard to thc men who
(by reason of not being able tn compete
against Orientals for jobs) are forced
to seek relief from the city. Turn them
loose, now that the flne weather is coaling. He might have suggested giving
them a few bales of buy as they must
eat whether the city gives them meal
tickets or not.
Reading nbout tlie Workmen's Compensation act and the objections
brought forward by a Mr. Matthews, represent ing the Insurance companies,
nearly brought (ears to onr eyes. Being
young and inexperienced wo did not
realize the motives underlying the government's uction in bringing forward
the Compensation act, but it seems thnt
if this net becomes law then, according
to Mr. Matthews, the Insurance eompa'
aies will be forced out of business.
Whnt an awful calamity? Fancy having to put up with state insurance instead of making private individuals
rich.   Cnu we stand such a shock?
.T. E. 0.
Amendment Submitted by Duluth , Is
Adopted by Referendum Vote. '
The amendment, to the constitution
of tho International Typographical
union, recently offered by Duluth union,
nnd providing for a board of three auditors, has been adopted by a vote of
17,088 to 14,0(10. The amended law
makes no provision for tho arrangement
of the names of candidates for auditor
on the hallot at tho May, IfllO, election. Since it exempts them, from the
provisions of the nomination requirements ot the election laws the executive
council has ordered thnt the names of
candidates for auditor at the .11)1(1 elec-
thin be arranged on thc ballot in alphabetical order.
TF YOU ARE NOT in thc habit
A of reading the editorial page
of The Federationist, just try it
today. "Tho Situation in British
Columbia'' presents a question
flint deserves more than passing
attention on the part of what
white wage-workers are left in
this province—[Ed. Fed.]
THE LABOR PRESS all over the
■*■ American continont is making a
splendid response to the "nppeul" sent
out by The Federationist, on behalf of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
for the Vancouver Labor Templo Co.,
Ltd. Practically overy exchange coming to hand this week contains the matter furnished by The Federationist two
weeks ago, and in many cases additional comment is made. The Tri-City Labor Review, published at Oakland, Cal.,
by P. S. Clark, precedes a front-page
story in this way:
"The following article, with the accompanying view, is furnished us by
tho British Columbia Federationist, one
of the best edited labor papers in the
jurisdiction of the American Federation
of Labor, of which the Canadian labor
organizations are an integral part.
"The appeal of these brothers to the
north of us deserves the careful consideration of every Labor union in thc
United States, and therewith n prompt
and libornl action. The appeal comes
not for charity, but for temporary assistance, which will be repaid in time
dollar for dollar. JvTor is it as though
these organizations had entered into a
wildcat speculation and then appealed
to their brother workers to,help them
snvo something from the wreck,
"They had purchased a tract of land
and erected a beautiful' building—the
home of Labor. It was more than half
paid for, with a rental income which
would have easily liquidated the balance of tho indebtedness in four or fivo
years more,
"Then transpired that stupendous
calamity, the European war, the greatest and moat devastating ever known in
tho history of tho world. The sons of
toil of the provinces of Canada, subjects of Great Britain, were drafted
upon heavily, not only for men to fill
the trenches, but the fuctories nnd
shops as well.
"This so depleted the ranks of organized lnbor'and crippled tho Industrial and commercial interests of the
entire country that tho Vancouver
council now.finds "itself in as great, if
not worse, predicament than was created by the great earthquake and lire of
Snn Francisco in .190(1, Tho unions of
this nation responded nobly in thnt
crisis, and it is trusted they will do
equally well in this case.
"When the appeal from the Vancouver council is rend beforo your union,
give it the consideration and action you
would expect, if placed in the position
the union mon of Vancouver find themselves, through circumstances over
whieh thoy had no control."
Making It Unanimous.
The Grays Harbor Post, Aberdeen,
Wash.; the Labor World, Spokane; the
Yellowstone Labor News, Billings,
Mont.; the Winnipeg Voice and the
Union Labor Journal, Bukersfield, Cal.,
Hamilton  t,uhnr News, all give promi-
The danger of encouraging in
nny manner the employment of
Oriental labor was strikingly
shown at the meeting of the In-
termunicipal Industrial committeo on Tuesday.
Reevo Winrum called attention
to the fact that steps were already well under way to establish a "firewood combine" in the
vicinity of Vanoouver. The plan
was being carried out on the basis of the business boing controlled by Orientals and would result
in over 100 whites boing thrown
out of work.
The question wus only briefly
discussed, but the reports of the
remarks indicated that the specific mention of Reeve Winram
brought home to every member
of the committee the great danger
of encouraging or cuntenaucing
the employment of Oriontals, a
point on which the Trades and
Labor council hnd The Federationist hus long since taken a decided stand.
Tho meeting passed a resolution stating that it could not afford to support any industry employing Oriental labor. On the
specific case brought forward by
Reeve Winram, a committee composed of Mayor McBeath and
Aid. Hamilton and Industrial
Commissioner Davidson was appointed to take up tbe question
with the B. C. Lumbermen's association.
Representations  of  Labor
Congress Executive
Not Accepted
Scope of Industrial Disputes
Act Extended As An
Wonder Whose Job to Strike
for If Prohibition
Confident Fellow Unionists
Will Support Them at
the Poll
nenco to th
Vancouver union-
Local Officers Busy.
The huge tusk of mailing 12,500 pop-
ios of the printed matter to all the
unions in America is almost completed,
and initiatory returns give promise of
a hearty response, lt is too early, however, to get a line on what the result
of the appeal will lie, but Vancouver
unionists are hopeful that sufficient assistance will be forthcoming lo save to
them their magnificent Labor Temple.
International Officers Helping.
Ono of thc lirst international union
officers to write Thc Federntionist wns
Secretary-treasurer J. C. Skemp of the
Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators
nnd Puperhnngcrs' union, Lufnyette.
Ind. He says: "Dear Friend, Petti-
piece: I.very much regret the straits in
which the Trndes and Labor council
finds itself, nnd earnestly trust that organized labor will respond to the appeal and snve Hie Temple from foreclosure. It would be an outrage for so
promising an enterprise to fall into (he
hands of the Philistines, Will use your
printed matter, and, if possible, cut, in
the Painter and Decorator. With kindest regards...."
The members of Local 213, Interna
tional Association of Brewery Workers,
have just one subject of conversation
at this time, that being as to the possibility of thu prohibition referendum
carrying at the polls, thus automatical
ly sending them out on a quiet hunt
for some other fellow's job. Many of
the men have followed their special
trade for years, and should they not be
permitted to continue in this line, will
bu up against it hard, as it will be difficult for them to adapt themselves to
now conditions.
Tho Brewery Workers nre confident
thnt in thc contest at tho polls, trades
unionists throughout tlie province will
recognize the claims of their fellow
unionists, whose employment is threat
enod by the referendum. They include
not only the Brewery Workers, but also
a targe number of trades whoso bnsi
ness is connected, directly or indirectly
with work in connection with licensed
Union or Non-union, Which?
Reports coming to the Brewery Work
ers from outside points, which have already gone "dry," show a turn of affairs to which unionists might well take
notice. As is well-known, when a man
really Wants a drink he gets it, even in
u "dry" spot. The business in these
places mus previously controlled by
unionized labor, but when the devious
and subtle methods of securing liquid
refreshment word found necessary, it
was not union work, as the existence of
a union would bc it sure indication of
violation of fho law. Consequently,
prohibition laws work out, ns fur as
unionized labor is concerned, in sending
tlie union man on the street, who, because of conditions, dure not organize,
and the new type of business run by
anybody and everybody nt tho usual
wage which is paid "anybody and
everybody." thus reducing the nil-
round wage standard of workers,
Mass Meeting Hears That Prospects of
Legislation Are Excellent.
A mass meeting ef thc retail store
Temple on Tuesday night when reports
give them a weekly half-holiday. It
was stated that thu deputation hud been
given a good hearing by the government
authorities and that there were excellent prospects of the matter being
dealt with favorably at the present
session of the legislature,
The sentiment of the nieeting on the
subject was voiced in tho following
"That we nsk tho support of the
dty council for the petition signed by
5(100 voters cnlling for a Saturday half
holiday, and If o'clock closing each
week night, nnd that of the retail clerks
this mnss mooting or the retail clerks
that the city council endorse the request to the provincial government with
the request for prompt action."
This resolution will come before the
Trades und Lnbor council, the board of
trade, the Kotary club and the British
Columbia Bar association, with a request for endorsement.
Versatility and Then Some.
Oeo. H. Hardy of tho local Carpenters' union and .n delegate to the
Trades nnd Lnbor council, who recently
supported the election of tho Liberal
party candidate, while a candidate of
the "Labor" ticket himself, is now
stumping thc upper country for the pro-
Request of Vancouver Union Is Granted
By Olty Oouncll.
On Wednesday evening the Vancouver city council held a speciul nieeting,
nt which the case of the Unionized city
employees was taken up.
la necorduaco with the request nf the
Employees' union, and the pre-election
pledges of Mayor McBeath and a number of ihe aldermen, it was decided to
abolish thc policy of half and three-
quarter time after May .1. The report
of the special committee considering
the subject stated that it was advisable to return to the rule of full time
in order to secure efficiency in the various fields of work.
Sunday,' April ii—Stage Em*
plnyecs, 'Musicians, Bro, Loco.
Monday, April .10—Amal. Engineers, Patternmakers, Klectrical
Workers No. 213, Street Railway-
men Executive.
Tuesday, April 11—Stone Cutters, Pressmen, Barbers.
Wednesday, April 12—Stereo-
Thursday, April L'l—Horseshoers, Sheet Metal Workers,
Milk Wagon Drivers, Plumbers.
Friday, April II—Pile. Drivers
and Wooden Bridgebuilders, Machinists.
of Canada executive board has held
no meetings, at which all the members
were present since the Vancouver convontion. But an interim report of the
parliamentary representative, President
Watters, which reached The Federation-
iat from Secretary-treasurer Draper
this morning, Indicates that at least an
effort has been made to prevail upon the
government to concodo some of the demnnds of Labor. The report reads:
Everything Subordinate to War.
"Follow Workers: The war Btlll overshadows every other' issue and because _ uf that
fact the government claims an their policy
the subordination of every Intercut to that of
u successful prosecution of the war. Based
on thc assurance given, therefore, that the
legislative programme of tho present session
of parliament would be limited to war measures and a few necessary but non-controversial quostions, the efforts of your representatives has heen largely bent In the direction
of obtaining guarantees from the imperial
and Dominion authorities for thc establishment of fair conditions of labor under which
supplies for both governments are being manufactured.
Refuse "ralr" Wage OUum.
"A 'fair wage clauso* to be Inserted In
every contract placed in Canada for both the
imperial and Dominion 'governments was insisted upon, as woll as the establishment of
a 'fair wago board' to determine such fair
rates of wages and hours of employment and
to enforce same.
"With respect to munitions and other supplies for the imperial government, the Dom In
ion authorities claimed that the imperial authorities, ulonc, could insert a 'fair wage
clause' in contracts placed in Canada. On
that ground tho Dominion government recommended, oa two m-perato occasions, to the
Imperial authorities tho Insertion of such
clause In such contracts. No effect has yet
been given to the recommendation.
"As to the contracts let for supplies for
tho   Dominion   authorities   tho   government
claims to be giving effect to the 'fair wages
resolution of the Dominion parliament' in
far as clrruuiKtnnci-s and  the exigencies
the present timo of stress make possible.
"Tho government havo refused to establish
a 'fair wage board,' giving as the principal
objection to such a course tho difficulty there
would be In finding relief from a permanent
board being estahlislicd to decide in eseh
of either or both employers and employees
by reason of one or more of its decisions being unsatisfactory or unacceptable to the employers or the workera.
"As ah alternative tho government have
extended the application of tho Industrial
Disputes Investik'atlnn act to permit of
board being established to deslde In ench
ease where n dispute arises, The government further clniius that a recommendation
mnde hy a hoard appointed under the Disputes act ss to rates of wages, hours of employment, etc, in one rnse would have the
effect of insking It apply to every employer
In the district iu which the recommendotinii
waa made.   The order In council follows:
"P. C. (ISO .
"At the Oovernment House nt Ottawa, Thursday, the gflrtl day of March. Ifllfl
"Present Ills  Royal Highness,  (tie (lover-
nor-flonernl in connell,
"His Royal Highness Ufa (lovernortlcn-
iT.-il in council is pleased, by virtue of Ihe
WHf measures act. 1014. to order that the
provisions of the Industrial Disputes Invent!-
L'tttion net, 1007. other limn seellon (III thereof, shall Kjioi-ltlnilly apply in the ease of nny
dispute between employers nnd employees en-
"aired In tlie const met Inn. production, repair-
Ing, manufacture, transportation or delivery,
of ships, vessels, works, building*, munition***..
ordnance, wins, explosives and iiinterliils and
ami su unties of every nature and description  \eltalKOPVer   Intended   Tor  the  us-  of His
Mn'-'sty'-j military or naval forces or mllltla,
or f«r tlie forces of tho nations allied with
the United IKntrriom In the present wnr
"Clerk of the Privy Council."
"The hon, minister of Labor,
"Hec (13 of the Industrial Disputes
Investigation nel is suhmited for your
information, viz.:
"0!I,    In the event of n dispute, arising In
nn {-Industry or trade other than such as may
he Included under the provisions of this act,
and such dispute threatens to result In n
lockout or strike, either of the parties mny
ngree in writing to allow (Itch dispute to he
referred to n hoard of conciliation und Inves-
Hpiiinii. to li istiluted under the provisions of this net.
"2. Kvery n nre cm ent to allow such reference shnll he forwarded to tin- registrar, who
shall comma n lea tn ll tn the other pnrty. nnd
if such other pnrty screes in like manner lo
SHOW Hie dispute lo he referred In a hoard.
Ihe dispute may ho so referred «s If the industry or trade nnd the parlies were Included within the provisions of this aet.
"B, Prom the time that Ihe parlies hnve
heen notified In writing by the rcglHlrnr ihnl
In ronseipieriH- of th- ir mutual ngreement to
rsfor the dlljtuto to » I.mini under the provisions of this art. the minister has decided to
•'•fer Klfcl) dispute, the logout or strike, if
i-i c'l-lotin*. Ouill forthwith cease, and the
provisions of this art shnll Mi..I the parlies.
"Tt Is not mine lo rnmmcnl nn the action
of ihe ifovorninent, rather In ll mine to watch
lo wnteh very doM-ly Ihe effeels of such nelion wilh a view to helng prepared to sun-
"est   or   lo   lii'L'e   wherein    Improvements   mm-
ha   made   or   n   completely   different   policy
Belated Remembrance.
Let mc draw your attention to tho
following resolution, adopted   nt   the
Vitncnuvor convention:
♦ ♦♦♦♦ +*+¥+ ■■»■»♦♦■»■ ■>♦♦♦♦■
STREET RAILWAY MEN EMPLOYED by the B. G. Electric railway have won out in their fight for a six-day week, and the company will shortly post a running sheet which gives the men
practically what they sought. The men will also be protected/in the
continuance of their rights by legislation, in the form of an amendment to the provincial tramways act, which will go through at the
present session of the legislature. /
Announcement to the above effect was made as the result of a conference of representatives of the street railwaymen's union and officials of thc company with Premier Bowser at Victoria last Monday.
As fully outlined in The Federationist of March 17, the street railway employees have for several years been urging the movement for
a six-day week, and this year decided to ask the provincial authorities to enact legislation in accordance with their request. The formal
request was made to the premier by the men early last month, and
consideration of their claims promised. Later, the representatives of
the company presented their views on the matter, their contention!
being so much at variance with the men's statements that the premier
summoned both parties tb a joint conference for the purpose of
straightening the matter out. ,
Statement of Employees' Oast.
At this conference the men were represented by President Cottrell and
Business Agent Hoover of the Vancouver division, and President Nock of tht
Victoria division. The company wm
represented by Oen. 8upt. Murrin »n<
Chief Clerk Saville and the premiel
bad Tramways Inspector Bae on han*J
to explain mutters which might arise.
Premier Bowser opened the conference by saying that the representations
of tbe men nnd the company were
greatly nt variance, and that the latter
contended tbat the real end sought by
thu men wus tho obtaining of shorter
hours with a view to paving the way
for increased pay.
Mr. Hoover denied thnt the men had
any such ideu in mind. It was considered thnt a six-day week would be aa
all-round general benefit. The mea
would then obtain some stated extended time for pleasure or to spend af
home with their families. From the
standpoint of the company, the movemont was along the lines of grenter efficiency, us it wns in perfect harmonr
with the principle of "Safety First/'
a movement for the advancement of
which the great railways and many
streot ear companies of the continent
were now expending large sums. Only
reeently a parallel caso with that of the
street railway men had been presented
to the promier by the retail store clerki
when they asked asked for a half-holt
day legislation in tbeir behalf, and it
this ense employers, instead of oppoa
ing the movement, admitted the wisdom
of thc plan and tbeir representatives
joined in the request. Mr. Hoover then
| went over the ground covered at the
: former hearing hs to the conditions prevailing in other sections of Canada*-
Vancouver Local No. 1, Socialist
Party of Canada, will run a full
ticket of six candidates, in the1
forthcoming goneral provincial elections, in Vnncouver city electoral
riding. This was definitely decided
upon nt a meeting held on Tuesday
evening. Already moro than $200
has been raised as u campaign
fund, und collectors are now out
raising the balance among the
workers. Organizer Connor has
been selected to hold street meetings and assist in campaign work.
The ticket nominated is: J, Harrington., Alex. McLean, Jas, Smith,
W. W. Lefeaux, W, A. Prltchard
and J. Kavanagh. In addition to
these J. A. Mucdonald will run in
Comox riding, W. Bennett in North
Vaneoaver (Squnmish) nnd Organizer Connor iu Fernie. Candidates
mny also bo placed in the field nf
Kossland und Trail (Ymir.)
Fellow Unionists Will Not Send
Press Wires for W. A. P.
OALOARY, April 5.—(Speciul to The
Federationist.)—The Western Associated Press division of the Commercial
Tologrftphor8J union is making up[>liea
tioa this week to the federal Depart
ment of Labor for n bi
Mr. Murrin Disputes Claim.
General Superintendent Murrin disputed the contentions of Mr. Hoover.
He said the company was working with
, i's men under an agreement much har-
I der thua thut governing other eompa-
rd of concilia-j n(eH( The seniority rule lu connection
titfu, to consider a disagreement as to [ with "signing up" wus not the general
wages between the division und the em-J practice elsewhere, mid this point had a
players. The strike vote taken over direct bearing on the question under
the division hns resulted in n decisive J discussion. Personally, he did not be-•
majority vote being recorded in fuvor, lieve thut the idea of the six-day week
of pressing the demnnds of the men on j represented the desire of the men na
the question.
At a meeting of C. P. it., li. N. W.
und broker and press telegruphers, held
in Winnipeg recently, tho possibility of
ii labor dispute nn the W. A. P. division
was discussed. It was pointed out thnt
when union men go on strike, it was
tho duty of all union members to refuse
to "scab" in any shape or form. Regarding the nise of the W. A. P. telegraphers, it wns Stated that the Western Associated Press wns un orgunizu-
tion of publications which could work
tinder various names.
After full discussion it  was decided
i ntlividuals. ,_^^__^^^_^__
Mr. Hoover and his associates stated
illustrations in opposition to Mr. Murrin's contentions ns to the working
agreement and the signing of the running sheet. As to the men desiring the
six-day week, Mr. Hoover snid he waa
ia :i position to know the wishes of the
men and suggested that Mr. Morris
post a sheet on which the men were tl
express their views on the subject. Thij
I offer wits not taken up.
Mr. Murrin th contended that thl
j service demanded by the public ol
; holidays would not be possible if the
linen's request wns grunted.   The whole
that in the event of a strike of thu W. ^^^^^^^^
A. P. telegraphers, nil operators were j proposal covered a plnn which wns too
to refuse to bundle all press matter for rigid and did not provide the degree of
papers under the jurisdiction of the! flexibility necessary for the operation
Western Associated Press, and that the j of it street car system. Tho plnn wyuld
various district committees notify their I ;<jsn make it necessary to increase the
respective companies of tho decision of number of Sunday runs,
the meeting. I     Mr. Hoover replied that the six-day
 j „,.,,}( wng |j(jing worked out in Toronto,
ALDERMEN DODGE ISSUE \ Winnipeg   mid   other   centres,   which
  proved it could be carried out here. The
Sidetrack Resolution Prohibiting Use of! men did not wish in miy wny to inter-
Meal Tickets at Asiatic Joints.       I fere with good public service und were
„,. .,       ...       .. „   . .   .    ,    1 always   willing   to   consider   demands
Ihe question of the relief tickets for' wtfQn wmjI), ,*„„,„ umler this hi!ft||i   0a
meals and   lodgings  being
joints run by Asiatics, cum
ii ting of tlie Vuiieouve
isbod  at
up  a I   a
Aid. Woodside tried to
put a strip to the practice by moving
that the use of tlie tlokots nl such
places be prohibited. As usual, however, when definite notion on the Orion*
Inl question is suggested, the mutter
WAS sidetracked nnd the subject referred lo ti subcommittee for report.
"Hi-solution  No,  83,  hy  t,V<\  Bsrtlej
.lolir Sully. Vnncouver:
"HcHolvctl, tfmt the executive officers "f
thlx ContrrcM lie Instructed to noinmuntcnto
with often tiftilinti'rt union nmuir Mii-I union
to HUhscrlho for lln> entire tuemliorNhl)- lo (lie
officlnl  liilmr pspo'r  pHbll'hoil,  otfnod  ami
controlled   hy   nrgsnlietl   Iritinr   In   ltd   Itntio'-
dlnte vicinity, to Ihe end thnt these pnpcru
mny t;il;e ilieir proper |>lHce ns the menu*, of
com man lent Inn  for tlie mouthpiece* of tlie
tfthitr movement."
Socialist Mayor ln Milwaukee
Milwaukee again bus a socialist
mayor, Daniel lloaii, after a hot campaign In which every conceivable trick,
invention and falsehood, which promised to arouse hatred, bigotry and prejudice, was invoked, in n desperate effort to "beat the socialists."
Machinists to Hold Convention
The machinists' International officers)
through u referendum vote, have decided to hold ii convention ia .lane, when
delegates from local lodges will be
elected to attend the sessions and take
up general matters pertaining to the
welfare of the organization.
The Bank of Safety pays 100 per eent,
and never fails. It pays dividends In
human lives and limbs every dny.
Compensation Act Weakened.
The state senate of Kentucky
amended tin1 proposed Workmen's Compensation net and the friends of this
legislation declare that as it now tends
the'ineithiire has un effect or value. The
blow which crippled I lie act strikes out
the section which removes the common
law defenses of contributory negligence, assumption of risk mid fellow
servnut relation from any damage suit
brought against uu employer who had
decided not to accept Ihe provisions of
the law,
The Victoria local of the Pain
tors', PnperhnngorsJ nnd Decorators' union hus the honor of being the lirst on the list of labor
organizations to respond to the
appenl of the Trades and Labor
council for assistance On the Lnbor Temple project*
A letter was received from the
organization yesterday afternoon
stating that the local was heart
mid soul in the movement to snve
the Temple for the cause <»f La-
or, and backing up thai statement with "enclosed Had remit*
t n net; "
the point of Sundny operation, there'
were now only 2311 runs for thut dny, ns*
compared with 24J runs on weckdnys,
beside the short hour specials.
Premier Decides for Employees.
After further genera] discussion uf
thc case, Premier Bowsor said that the
representatives of tho employees had
proven their case and asked the company's officials if Ihey would mnke arrangement to curry it into effect. Mr.
Murrin replied, p. int ing out the difficulties in the way, but the premier insisted thnt provision lie iiitule for generally meeting tho employees' request.
The promier mnde it plnin that,
should the company not arrange a
schedule along thc lines of his decision
aad mutually ngreenble, the men would
be protected in their claim through an
amendment of the provincial tramways
uct, which would givo tho lieutenant-
governor in council power to demand
provision for a six-day week for tho
Representatives of the street railway
men's union state that there uru somo
detailed points iu connection with tho
day week which must still be considered. Theso matters will be taken
np at thc next meeting of tho various
divisions, and arrangements wero then
mnde for it full discussion of the subject with the company.
One phase of the case is that the six-
day week will provide for the employment of a larger number of meu on tho
cars. As to the possibility of promptly
meeting this demaad, there is snid to
bo no question, ns Oen. Supt. Murrin
stutcd at the Victoria conference thot
in response to the eompany's recent advertisement covering positions of motormen and conductors, about 400 appli-
cations had been received.
Big Lockout at Minneapolis.
Machinists and building trados mechanics are advised to steer clear of
Minneapolis.   Pig lockout on. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY April 7, 1916
OS BranchM In Ouudi
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Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at Ugliest
current rat*
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital ....» 11,500,000
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Total Assets '. 180,000,000
One Dollar will open
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buelneee will ba welcome  be   It   large   or
Branches and correspondents
tbrouglont tbe world
An.li (66,000,000
DepoiiU  46,000,000
The  Most Convenient   ot All
■mall Investments
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Peld op capital.
Reierve fond   ..
Coma Haatinga and Cambie ltt.
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Forming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Qrants Pre-emptions of 160 acrea
to Actual Settlers--
TERMS—Besidence on the land
for at least three yearB; improvements to the extent of (5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least five aeres.
For further information apply to
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Federationist, Limited
R.  Farm.  Pettipiece Manager
Office:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; ln Vancouvor
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'Unity of Labor: tbe Hope of the World'
.April 7, 1916
IN B. 0.
DOWN TO THE YEAR 1900 there
was little in the nature of a Labor movement in this province,
outside of the mining districts of the
interior, with ti small number of unions
of tho older trndes in
'i few of the larger
centres, principally
on the coast. Very
early in this century,
however, this Lubor movement begun
to take on a moro virile character and
develop a more vigorous and threatening policy against the employing class
and its institutions of tapine and plunder. The Hrst evidences of this awakening activity came from the mining
districts of the province, where the
workers seem to have been among the
first to grnsp the significance of modern industry and the class chnracter of
capitalist rule and all of those institutions that feed upon and defend it.
The new concept of the Labor movement soon expressed itself politically,
an'd several working class representatives were elected to tho provincial parliament. New and strange doctrines
were mnde to echo throughout thc corridors of our rulers' political johs houso
at Victoria. A now note had been
struck; a new slogan sounded.
* *    ' *
The new gospel of Labor soon spread
from tho mining districts to city, town
aad village elsewhere. Along came the
boom times, during which Vancouver,
Victoria nnd other cities experienced a
most phenomenal growth and tho hundreds of workmen who flocked hither
swelled the membership of the unions
of their several crafts until the organized Labor movement bid fair to become a power to be rockoned with by
those who would seek either political
or industrial prestige in British Columbia. Then the end came. The building
boom that raised Vancouver, within ten
short yenrs, from little better than a
country village to a population of probably 150,000, collapsed. With no industries to maintain it nnd render it
stable the crash was bound to come as
soon ns the limit of human credulity
in the effiency of wind as u basis for
city building hod been reached. And
now there are mnny who are convinced
that a city builded upon wind is evon
more unstable than a house built upon
sand. Tho collapse began about four
yeara ago, and has not yet ended. Thousands havo left thc province and more
nre to follow. With the ending of the
building boom, of course, came a loss
of membership to the unions, not only
in the building trades, but in all others.
Tho carpenters with, at one time, 1600
mombors, now hnve, probnbly, less than
200. The bricklayers, with 555, now
havo but little moro than a baker's
dozen, and so thc story goes to the end
of the present chapter.
* *       •
While the city of Vancouver, ns well
as other towns in British Columbia, has
been booming and then collapsing, with
its corresponding offoct upon the Labor
movement, the musters of the mining
districts and elsewhere have not been
idle., Among the ilrst to scent danger
from the new and more aggressive Lnbor movement they were also- the first
to get busy in thc endenvor to ward of!
its attacks, Through n process of careful weeding out of all of tho moro dangerous und outspoken radicals and n
lose scrutiny of all newcomers, the
hicf mining industries of tho province
hnve been well nigh purified of all taint
that tends to prove repugnant or threatening to the capitalist beast thai is
happy only while saiftiug profits. Although some of the mining camps aro
still presumed to be organized, it is an
open secret that beeause of the treatment that has been accorded them and
their fellows during these recent years,
the miners lire in a mood so chastened
as tu strongly resemble a veritable bulwark of strength to the economic inter-
ests of their capitalist masters.
* *       *
Outside of mining, tishing, lumbering
and paper-making, there is little in the
way of productive industry in this province. The mining properties arc veritable modern slave plantations. Britannia mine nnd the mines at Anyox arc,
perhaps, the two most shining aad up-
to-date examples of how to so safeguard
the slaves upon a capitalist plantation
as to render them immune to nil those
malignnnt und vexatious distempers
that causo thom, firstly, to think and,
secondly, to so curse, weop and howl as
to disturb the sweet contentment of
those whom heaven has sent to bleBS
them liy giving them work. ,
* *       *
The Britannia bunch of legalized
capitalist pirates, termed tho Company,
owns everything from the earth's centre to the atmospheric limits and for
three miles iu all othor directions, excepting thnt of salt water. No one can
get within throe miles . of thc Com-
puny's plant unless they come by water
and then they nre met by somo satrap
of tho owners und gently plied with
questions, upon tho satisfactory answor
to which depends whether tho applicant
mny land or not.   If tho answers aro
uot such us to make certain that the
visitor is absolutely incapable of committing anything dangerous to the Company's peace of mind, a swift nnd vigorous kick, figuratively speaking, is so
administered to his corpQreal anatomy
as to greatly expedite his return to
whence he came, or elsewhere provided
it is located a safe and sane distance
from Britannia mines. Thc Inst strike
at thiB mine occurred over the Com-
puny's refusal to allow the union official to visit the mine in order to collect thc dues of members. It is not a
matter of record that t^e Company lost
the strike. It iB a matter of record,
however, that Britannia miners mny
come to Vancouver or elsewhere and
purchase the things they require, but it
will bc better for their health if they
do not.
* *       *
Anyox, B. C, is another similar camp,
It is owned by the Granby outfit, the
same bunch that own the big parent
slave camp at Phoenix and Grand
Porks. The method of operation at
Anyox is much the same, or, perhaps
even aiore so, than at Britannia, Everything is owned by the company and the
employees nre thus at the mercy of thut
legally constituted concern.
* *       *
The big paper mill at Powell Biver is
another big plantation whej;c slaves are
expeditiously "skinned and thoir hides
tanned for market. Here, as at the
places • previously mentioned, everything is owned by the Company. There
are not truly public streets in these
places, and even thc schools are held in
company buildings, on company property. Stores, though sometimes run
ostensibly by private individuals, are
known ,to belong to the companies and
woe be to the employee who dareB to
spend his wealth elsowhere. To toll the
truth about some of the prices.chargod
at these joints would be to cruelly test
the credulity of the render.
* *       *
The fishing industry has, practically,
no Labor organization. The same is
true of lumbering. Some of the lumber camps are of the very worst type
of slave kennels, wherein neither tho
agitator, organizer or even tho peripatetic peddler of ordinary merchandise
dare enter.
* *       *
Outside of the industries ulrendy
mentioned, there are none other in the
provinco worth speaking of except, perhaps, the sugar refinery here in Vancouver. It is a proper slnvii camp, cut on
the penitentiary pnttern. To work there
is to serve a term markod with about
the same incidental torture connected
with a term in prison. No one enn get
near thc slaves for any purpose unless
it might possibly be a purely "patriotic" one.
* #       *
These are the coaditions confronting
the Labor movement in this province.
It muy be readily understood why the
movement that seemed so vigorously
on its feet a few years Bince is now
apparently all shot to pieces. It hns
logically fallen down, just as the boom
times upon which it was built have fallen
down and collapsed, aided and abetted
by the persistent and unscrupulous activity referred to upon the part fit the
large employers of labor. Needless to
add that these worthies have received
ample assistance at the hands of their
government agents, located not a thousand miles from the parliament buildings
at Victoria. In the face of theso events
the Labor movement has suffered, but
it will rise ngutn with a clearer vision
and a stronger will.
Lot those among us who ure prone to
blame individuals for thc apparent collapse of our movemont, solace themselves with this reflection, that any,
movement that enn be thwarted of its,
purpose because of the ignorance or rascality of individuals who mny bo connected with it, must bc constitutionally
weak and. therefore, incapable of survival. Movements, if they aro based
upon sound premises and uie historically accessary for the advancement of Ini-
inanity, will survive and grow and
move onward to their ultimate fruition,
in spite of the shortcomings or chicanery , of individuals, however cunning,
utiBc'rupulous and numerous they bc. To
assert that a great cause has beea ruined because John Smith, or some other,
has betrayed it is to attribute to tho
said Smith a powor greater, or a virtuo
in excess of thnt possessed by the cuuso
itself. -
* *       *
In viow of the conditions existing in
Britb-h Columbia nnd elswhere, those
of us who are fit lo serve onr class in
the activities of the Labor movement
have a more serious and important duty
to porform than merely to make the
welkin ring with our raucous lamentations over the shortcomings or rascalities of others. The Labor movement
will eventually And itself, nnd having
dono so, it will usscrt itself, even more
emphatically than it hns done in the
past, ns infinitely more poworful than
all tho forces that all capitalist hell can
coiijuro forth to Bworve it from its
purpose and prevent its triumph.
Today no one dares speak of the
"rights of Labor." Many have been
jailed by tho "Labor administration"
for so doing. The war hns taken precedence over the "unity of Labor.-"
The wage workers of Australia dare not
call their bodies or souls their own.
They are as completely as ever denied
the right to remain in employment, except by the wish of their masters. In
spite of s'tate regulation their labor-
power must be offered cheap or it cannot bc sold. The "iron law of wages"
has not been put out of business. All
of which should point out to us that
"Labor Parties" born of an ignorance
of the claBB character of modern society
and of the irrepressible conflict of interest between Lnbor aad Capital, are
bound to prove a delusion and a snare.
This attempt to lighten the burden upon
the workers whilo Reaving the property
rights of their masters intact must fail.
The class war nfust be fought out upon
class lines nnd the attack be made upon
the property rights of the capitalist
class. Any "Labor Party" that attempts to reconcile tho conflicting interests of Labor and Capital and plays
for the patronage anil plaudits of the
enemies of Labor, is a veritable ass in a
lion's skin. At least thnt is the most
charitable inference to be drawn that
will not seriously reflect upon tae integrity of its leaders.
The profits of the American Woollen
company for the year 1015 amounted to
.+5,1110,201. That is the way in which
mnnna falls down from heaven nowadays.
It is reported thnt mving.to the high
price of gnsoline the Standard Oil company has decided to nlmiidon the use of
auto-trucks ia its delivery service and
return to the proBuie equine for motive
power. Pnwumably the horse will now
laugh at the prospect of more good- jobs
in sight. At nny rnte, the "working
plug" of the bipednl type would do so
under similnr circumstances.
"And they shnll build houses and inhabit them; they shall plant and sat
the fruits thereof. They shnll not build
and another inhabit; they shall not
plant and another eat the fruit thereof." Isuiah 65: 21-22. A free trip to
the battle front in Europe and then
some, will be given to the first ten thousand able-bodied wage workers betwixt
puberty and senility who will correctly
giiesa who Isainh wns referring to in the
above quotation.
South Carolina cotton manufacturers
ate*'testing the constitutioaality oMhe
weekly pay law, in that state upon the
grounds that the Inw will not benefit
the workers, "us they are more liable
to spend their wages than to save
them." It does bent aU to whut reckless and ridiculous extremes these legislatures will go in theitmattcr of labor
legislation. Were it not for the vigilance of their employers the poor silly
workors would, undoubtedly, bo soon led
to bankruptcy und rain by political pipe
It is'related that a couple of men,
while walking along the street of a
city rather less than 40,000 miles from
Berlin, Germany, chanced to meet one
who was busily engaged in gesticulating and talking incoherently to himself. The two wnyfarers took him to
be a returned soldier whose mind hnd
become unbalanced through Ihe horrors
of the trenches. Oae of them remurked
Hint "at the end of the war many
would return to their homes completely
daffy,'' to which the other replied,
"not nearly so many as went into
it that way."
IN   AUSTRALIA   the  Lnbor   Pnrty
holds complete control of the reins
of  government.    It  has  used   its
power in various ways calculated to relieve   the   workers   from   tho   terrible
economic pressure of
ASS cnpitul, It hns thrown
IN A a    customs    barrier
LION'S SKIN, around a "White
Australin." By stnte
regulations of wages it hns attempted
to knock out the "iron law of wages."
Old ago pensions have been provided,
preference given to members of unions
and courts hnve been sot up to settle
Industrinl disputed. Vnrious othor at*
tempts have been mnde to ndjust tho
relationship between Labor nnd Capital,
Geo. Armstrong, of Winnipeg, on behalf of 'the Bartenders' union, took
part, it seems, iu a debate over the
merits or demerits of the proposed Manitoba Temperance act. Such dastardly
conduct was not, however, allowed to go
unchallenged; nor the perpetrator thereof unpunished. Upon the grounds thnt
snid dobnte was merely the discussion
of a political issue, "We, the Dominion
executive committee of the S, P. of C."
has ordered looal Winnipeg to cast into
thc outer dnrkaess the nforcsnid Armstrong. To the unscientific mind it mny
not be clear why it is an'offonso to discuss a political issue. Self-constituted
saviours and purifiers aro, howover,
usually of small calibre. Pope evidently had such in mind when he said thnt,
"a little learning is a dangerous
The suspension of hostilities by tho
English suffragettes during the period
of the war has been considered by mnny
to be a serious setback to the cuuBe of
"Woman's Rights." From English
papers nt hnnd we learn that woman is
rapidly coming into tho enjoyment of
all of the rights previously possessed by
tho masculine bipod. Seventy thousand
women nre now employed at skilled and
semi-skilled labor in Birmingham alone,
while 00 more ure holding down sinecures at the Leyland lino docks at
Liverpool. AH theso latter have to do
is to truck boles ^f cotton from ship to
warohouse. From this it mny be soen
that the war is doing more for womnn
thnn all tho noisy effortB of tho Pnnk-
hurst type of platform calliope. If the
wnr Insts long enough womnn will bo ns
economically free ns mnn. Sho will bo
freo to work in nil industries, that is
if she can get n chance. This enlargement of hor field of activity will allow
her tu marry and support n husband
without being confined to tho nnrrow
limits of tnking in washing.
"Today there nre, in round numbers,
about 40,000,000 persons, ten years of
age and over, ongaged in gninfuf occupations in thc United Stntes. Of these
nbout 8,000,000 are womon," according
to United States Secretary of Labor
Wilson.    '        /
Topical Talk
Trusty Tillicum
"Hell hath no fury like u woman
* *      *
As to prohibition: I prefer booze-
fighters to hophends.
* *       *
"Some folks cannot see anything but
rheumntism in the rainbow."
* *      *
Young ladies should never wear
stays—it's so horrid to boo a woman
* *      *
I wasn't around at any of tho wars
we read about at school. But I wonder
if the same things were taking placo
then as now. If so, it will benecessary
for mc to read my history anew.
* *       *
At "home" aad in industry the
bosses demnnd sobriety of their employees, and call upon the government
to see that such a condition is govern-
men tnlly-enforced. "Overseas," tho
same men nre given all tho booze thoy
want, and it: is supplied first hand by
the employers through their government.   It seems to ull depend.
* *       *
Agent General McBride will have
some difficulty persuading Australians
to use B. C. lumber so long ns Orientals are used in its production. As u
successful fish poddlar he too should remember that a great deal of the payroll
gooB to Orientals; the balance to the
canners' trust. Very little of the wages
in either the lumbering or fishing industry finds its way into the hands of
citizen labor.
* *       *
How often do yoa ask for the Union
Label, and how often do you get it?
Merchunts i n British Columbin make
tho statement, and unfortunately it can
bc borne out by facts, that the call for
the label is so rare that it creatos a
mild sensation when the demand is
mnde. Now in labor organizations, as
well as many others, the heavy work,
the missionary work, is left to the few,
and the majority are content to sit by
and criticize defeats and indulge in
self-glorifications over victories. This
is all wrong. vBe men enough to come
out in the- open and show your colors;
ask for the label, and don't purehiiBe
goods not bearing it. It appears to be
a thankless tnsk, and one not appreciated, to be continually hnrping on this
theme, "Ask for the label," but duty
and self interest demands it of us. Do
it now, and do it evor; for while it may
be the least you can do, yet it is one of
the most effective methods adopted by
organized labor.
Another Labor Publication Added to
List By, Montreal Unionists,
Vol. 1, No. 2 of Tho Labor World
(Le Monde Ourier1), printed and published by the Lahor Press, Ltd., at 2 St.
Paul street east, Moatreal, has reached
The Federationist exchaage table. "The
official bilingual mouthpiece of Montreal's 114,000 organized workers" is a
seven-column six-page publication, 10-
pt. letter press. The bnoijd of directors
are; ,L T. Foster, president; A. Gariepy,
first vice-president; A. Mnthieu, second
vice-president; Gus Francq, secretary-
t reasuro r a nd mu nagiag-d i rector; Z.
Lesperaace, R. Lynch, O. Proulx, Chas.
Mackercher and Geo. Pierce.
Gust a v Francq, the secretary-treasurer aad managing-director of The World,
is no stranger to the organized labor
movement throughout Canada. He was
for several terms vice-president of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Cnnuda,
and attended the Seattle convention of
the Americuu Federation of Labor ns
fraternal delegate front that body. Already The World is taking nn active
pnrt in municipal affairs, and backing
Labor candidates for ofllce. It is well
edited, has punch and virility and gives
every promise of being a most useful
weapon of publicity iu the hands of
Montreal trade unionists. There is always .aa element of novelty nbout a
new publication, but The Federationist
not only wishes The World every success; it hopes that Montreal unionists
will not grow indifferent in giving it
much-deserved support for the many
years of usefulness ahead.
Pres. Moyer PointB Out That Credit Is
Due Organised Labor.
In the course of an address at a muss
meeting of miners at Phoenix, President
Moyer of the Western Federation of
Miners, strongly endorsed the proposed
Workmen's Compensation act, which has
been outlined ut the direction of the
British Columbin authorities. He pointed out that ihe draft act was based on
ndvaaced lines and would give the
wage-workers of Ihe provinsc as good
protection as was given by similnr legislation anywhere oa the continent.
The audience greeted President
Moyor's statement with great enthusiasm. The speaker then followed up his
slateinent by alludiuk to the fact that
Ihe mine owners of ltosslaud and Trail
were sending a deputation to Victoria
to. oppose the legislation. This condition showed that when the worker ever
obtained his just rights, it was through
the constant efforts of organized labor.
The B. ('.!. Workmen's Compensation net,
like the 8-hour dny, hnd been udvunced
solely iih the result of vigorous pressure
by organized labor, No wage worker
should ever forget this outstanding
Knotty Problem in Sight Unless Provision Is Made for Tbem.
The returned soldiers' problem will
open up a very acute problem to the
unorganized workers of this country in
view of certain incidents that have
beon reported to have taken place. The
fact that tho returned soldier enjoys or
rather has a pension insufficient to keep
him will forco him to nccept employment at less than a living wnge to n
man who does not have n pension—iu
other words, in the same clnss as n girl
who works for pocket money only, and
not for n livelihood, Lot us hope not,
and also that the government sees lit
to give n ponsion largo enough for the
hero to be independent Tiither than dependant.   It is his due.—Tho Voico.
Org. Scott In Montreal.
\V. E. Scott, vice-president of tho International Brothorhood of 'Painters,
Paper Hangers nnd Decorators, is now
in Montreal, doing constructive work
for the puinters. He gives encouraging
messages from the territory which he
has recently covered, particularly from
Bridgeport, Conn,, where he was last
week and where many working men are
required.—Montreal Labor News.
Westminster Trust Co.
Head Office: New Westminster, B.C.
Managing Director
Houses, Bungalows, Stores and modern suites for rent at a big reduction. Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at 32.60 up. Wills drawn up free
of charge. Deposits accepted and interest at Four per cent, allowed on
daily balances.
Investigation of Miss Wile-
man's Labor Bureau
Question of Examination of
Coal Miners Will Be
At lust night's meeting of the Trados
and Labor council Vice-president Petti-
pieco cnlled attention to the visit of
Miss St. John Wilemnn to the const,
in behalf of the movement to organize
a chain of government lubor bureaux
throughout Canada. He said that false
statements had appeared in tho local
daily press as to the movement being
endorsed by labor councils. As a mutter of fact, the Trades nnd Lnbor congress hnd condemned the plan and he
knew of no labor council which had np-
proveVl it. In Australin the labor bureau system was uot working out well,
the reports being that thoy were acting
as strike-breaking ngoticics. Miss Wile-
man's movements on the coast should
be watched and to this end he moved
thnt tho Parliamentary committee look
into tho movement and report. The resolution was adopted after Miss Gutteridge stilted thut Miss Wilemun had
called to see President McVoty, who
was out of town, and that her enquiries
of the visitor as to her movement showed thnt she had behind her nothing
but a provisional committee in the
examination of Miners.
A communication from Hon. Lome
Campbell stated that the examinations
under tlie Coal Mines .Regulation act
wero being strictly carried out. As
members of the counoil have information to the contrary, the Parliamentary
committee will report on the subject.
H. II. Stevens, M. I'., wrote regarding the employment of Orientnls on war
supply contracts, saying that he understood a fair wnge clause would be inserted in thc contracts. The secretnry
stated that late information from Ottawa was to the effect that this wus
not the cubo, owing to uie contracts
being carried on for the Imperial authorities. Hon, Mr. Crothers wrote, stating thai if there was complaint as to
wages on war contracts, the facts be
secured and given to Mr. J. D. McNiven, western representative of the
Dominion lubor department.
The resolution of the Retail Employees' association requesting weekly
linlf-lioliday legislation was endorsed.
Mr. Morrow will be thanked for a letter stating that the Hotel Prince Rupert was being successfully operated
entirely by white help, the information having beon of use in the council's
appeal for Ihe abolition of Orientals in
Vancouver hotols.
A letter from a member of the Pain-
tors' union who had gone to the front
stuted thnt his wife hnd not received
funds to which she was entitled. An
investigation by President McVety
showed thnt the complnint was unfounded us the wife hnd received hor
due allowance.
President McVety wns asked to continue to press for-'fishing vessels of
foreign registry, operating from Canadian ports, being liable for the hospital tax. /
Tuckett & Son wrote stating that a
union label was placed oa the cartons
of their brands of tobacco und cigarettes. They deplored ...e fact that union men were not enreful as to using
tobaccos bearing the label,
A lengthy letter from Miss E. Harrington-Ham, immigration secretary of
the Y. \V. 0, A., called attention to the
inefficient operation of the Canadian
immigration service, suggesting that
the work be taken out of the field of
R. L. Rhodes was received as a member of tho council from local 818, Electrical Workors. Two months' leave of
absence wns given Delegate Hardy und
Ihe resignation of Dologato Trottor
from tho Parliamentary and Orientnl
Investigation committees accepted,
Owing to the absence of President
McVety from the city nnd Vice-president Pettipiece being otherwise engaged, the chair was occupied by Delegate Brooks of tli» Machinists' union.
In annual convention in January. Exeoutlve offlcen, 1016-17: Preildent, Jan. H. MeVety: ' vice-presidents — Vancouver. J.
Brooks, E. Morriion; Victoria, O. Slverti;
New Weitmlmter, W. Yatei; Prlneo Rupert,
W. E, Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; Dlatrlct 28, U, M. W. of A. (Vancouver Iiland),
W. Head: Dlitrlet IS, U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Nest Valley), A, J. Carter, Secretary-treaiurer, A. H. Weill, P. O. Box 1638,
Victoria, B. 0.
'VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meeti first Md third Wcdneiday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p. m, President, A, B. Welli; iecretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria,  B. O.
of America, local 7*84, New Weitmlmter
Meets second Sunday of eaeh month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 406,
Dlrecton: R. P. Pettipiece, preildent; Jas.
Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wllby, W. J,
Nagle, F. Slumbers, H. H. Free, Mln Helena
Gutteridge, Fred A. Hoover, J. Byron, Jaa.
H. MoVety, manager and secretary-treasurer,
Room 211, Labor Temple.
lirst and third Thursdays. Executive
hoard: James H, MeVqty, president; K. P,
Pettlplece, vice-president; Miss Helena Gut-
luriiigu, general secretary, 210 Lnbor Temple;
Fred Knowles, L treasurer; W. H. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A,
J. Crawford, Jan. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustees.
Meets   second   .Monday   in   the   month.
President, H, J. Bothel;  secretary.  R   H.
Neelands, P. O. Box 60.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Offloe,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets ilrst
Sunday of each montb. President, James
Campbell; financial secretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4752;,.recording secretary,
Win. Mqttiihaw, Olubo Hotel, Main street.
.tt.UlCKLAk.KiiS'  AAD AlAtiUMs",  iNU.   i
—Aleut* every int ami aru Tuevdisy,
8 p.m., Room 8C7. President H. P. Wand;
corresponding secretary, W. S, Dagnall, Box
63; financial secretary, W. J. Pipes; busineu
agent, W. 8. Dagnall, Room 216.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281. 1. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor Temple,
8 p.m. President, Chas. A. Thomas; secretary, Chas, G, Austin, 782 Seventh avenue
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meets
first and third Mondays, 6 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue west;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street.
PACIFIC—Meets at 487 Goro avenue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russell Kearley, business
meets room 206, Labor Temple, even
Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall,
1162 Powell street; recording secretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; financial seoretary   and   business  Agent,   £.  H. .Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.	
Laborers' union. No. 65—Meets first and
third Friday of each month, Labor Temple.
President, E. C. Appleby; aeeretary, George
Harrison; business agent, John Sully, room
220, Labor Temple. All laborera invited to
SOCIATION, Local 8852. Offise, Association hall, 10 PoweU street. Meets every
Sunday, 2:80 p.m. Thomaa Nixon, secretary.
•nd fourth Fridays at 8 p.m. President,
J. Mclvor; recording secretary, J. Brookes;
financial secretary, J. H. McVety.	
TORS' UNION, Local 846., I. A. T.
S. E. & M. P. M. O.—Meeta flret Sunday of
each montb, Room 204, Labor Temple.
Presidont, W, E, McCartney; Business
Agent, E. J. Huttlemayer; Finanoial and Corresponding Secretary, H. O. Roddan, P. O,
Box 845.
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity.
Branch meets 1st and Srd Fridays at Labor
Temple, Room 205. H. Nlghtscales, presidont, 276 Fifty-sixth avenue east; Jos. G.
Lyon, financial secretary, 1721 Grant atreet;
J. Campbell, recording secretary, 4860 Argyle
UNION, No. 60—Meets second Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 204. Presidont, W. Bell, 2220
Vino street; secretary-treasurer, E, waterman, 1167 Geongia streot; recording secre-
tary, W. Shannon, 1788—28th avenuo _st
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:30 and 8 p.m. President, W.
H. Cotterill; recording secretary, Jas. E. Griffin, 166 Twenty-fifth avenuo east; financial
iecretary    and    business    agent,    Fred    A.
Hoover, 2400 Clark drive.	
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
hold first Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vlcc-pmldont,
Mlis H. Outtoririgo; recording sec, C. McDonald, Box 503; flnanclal secretary, K.
Paterson, P. O. Box 503,
Mqots Inst Sunday of each month at 2
p.m. Presidont, R. Parm. Pettlplece; vice-
president, W. H. Metsger; secretary treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P. O   Box 66. .
eseh year. Executive board: Jaa. C. Watters,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. C.; secretory-treasurer, P, M. Draper, Drawer 515, Ottawa, Ont.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, ln
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, ths Yukon Terirtory, tho Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,660 acres will be leased to ont
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant In person to the Agent or Bab-Agent
of the district ln which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land mast be described by aectione, or legal subdlvliloni of
sections, and in nmurveyed territory tho
tract applied for ihall be staked by the applicant himself.
Eaoh application mast be accompanied by
■ fee of AS, which wtll bs refunded if the
rights applied for are nos available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at ths rale
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mint ahall furnish tbe Agent with sworn returns accounting for tb* full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
snch returns should be famished at least once
■ rear.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rlghta only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate or 110 an acre.
For til) information application should be
made to tbe Seoretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid for— 80690
HHA> Of America
corrmcHT tmupi	
Vote against prohibition I Demand pel
sonal liberty In choosing what you will drink,
Aak for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ala or Porter, oa a guarantee that it la Union Vide, This la oar Label
vVm   KKNNlf •(' .'   .*"
FBIDAY April 7, 1916
Because it measures up to
the highest standard is the
reason for the popularity
"The Beer Without a Peer"
It appeals to you from the
first on account of its superior and delicious quality. Cascade not only refreshes but topes up the
system and does you real
good. Any dealer will
supply you with any quantity.
Pints $1.00 per dozen
Quarts $2.00 per dozen
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops
by Union Labor.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
And on sale at all Liquor Stores in
is good for all mon; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. The total abstainer bas no moro right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what' he neither likes or chooses by forco of law.
Beer is tho temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your denier for our
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1908
Equal  Rights  Association
Appeals fo Organized
All Men Whose Employment
Threatened Co-operate
in Movement
r\URING THE WEEK a permanent
U organization is threatened by reason of tho proposed prohibition referendum was effected and steps are now
boing taken to extend the movement
until it includes all workers in similar
lines throughout the province.
Tho organization will carry on a vigorous cumpuigu among the wage workers of the province in connection with
the vote on the referendum. Its basis
of organization recites the various
trades which will certainly be affected,
either directly or indirectly should the
legislation carry, thus throwing on an
already overcrowded labor market a
larger number who, under present conditions, are reasonably sure of a livelihood. Such a condition, it is pointed
out, would not only cnuse difficulty and
personal suffering , but also generally
tend to lower the wage scale in many
lines. ,In addition to its special work
of combatting the prohibition legislation, the organization will also take n
stand up questions pertaining to the
persouul liberty of workers or matters
which are deemed generally detrimental
to the cause of lubor. A campaign for
compensation in connection with1 tbe
prohibition referendum will also be carried on.
Officers of Organization.
Among the trades mentioned us affected by the prohibition movement are
the following: Brewery workers, cigar*
milkers, coopers, engineers, firemen,
teamsters, machinists, carpenters, pulm-
bers, painters, tinsmiths, pipe-fitters*,
box-makers, tile-lnyers, glass-blowers,
cork-cutters, electricians, lithographers
and printers, strippers, farmers, bartenders and many others.
The name chosen for the organization
is the Workers' Equal Bights association, and the office-bearers selected at
lust Sunday's meetings ure: President,
Geo. J. Gerrard; vice-presidents, B. N.
Myles, Geo. Bartley, Wm. Mottisbaw,
Gordon T. Black, Walter Laurie; secro-
tary, J. A. Smith; trcusurer, S. W. Johnson; trustees, F. Grahnm, Harry Davis,
James Halawell, Chas. B. Leer.
At a mooting of the executive on
Tuesday night it was reported thnt letters had been written to the various
centres of trados union activity
throughout the province, asking that
Bteps be taken to form similar organise
tions. A reply hnd been received from
Victoria, stating that the trades union
ists in that city were already busy or
organization work.
It was decided that a button should
be worn by all members and a committee wns appointed to mnke arrange'
ments along this line.
Action of Los Angeles Unions,
A member of the organization handed
in  a  clipping from  the Los  Angeles
The B. C. Federationist
is a recognized medium
for Legal Advertising.
Legal notices printed in
The Federationist receive the personal attention necessary to insure accuracy.
B.   0.   Federationist
Labor Temple
Sey. 7495
Printers and
Labor Ttmple
Phon. Sey. -U90
j.rlnter-iof The Peu.
Unequalled Vaudeville Menus
2:46, 7:20, 8:1ft    Season's Prices:
Matinee,   lfic;   Evenings,   15o,   26c,
Labor Press, which states the attitude
of organized labor in that cityion the
prohibition question: "The labor movement of Los Anegeles is opposed to
state-wide prohibition. With only five
dissenting votes, last Friday night the
ceheral labor council there voted to cooperate with the Trade Union Liberty
league in fighting the efforts now being made to place California among the
'dry' Btatos. Similar action was .taken
by the Building Trndes council the preceding night. No subject that has come
before that central labor couneil during
the present year has been so thoroughly
discussed by the delegates, and it is a
significant fact thnt wn eh a motion -was
made to close debate, only three votes
were cast in opposition, so general had
been the discussion in which many delegates participated, that the council
practically was unanimous in its desire
to vote on tho matter. President Hos-
sel discussed the matter entirely from
an economic standpoint, contending
that it was neigther a political nor a
moral question. Ho presented figures in
substantiation of the assertion that as
a result of prohibition in Colorado,
Washington, Oregon and Arizona, thou-
sandsof trade unionists have surrendered their charters, and no effort whatsoever hus been made by the advocates
of prohibition to provide work for tbo
men forced into idleness.
Scabbiest Kind of a Scab.
Georgo Cowling, who sauntered into
The Federationist about two weeks ago,
and announced himself as "an old-time
Vancouver member of the Elecrical
Workers' union, in fact a charter member of No. 213," who had just returned
to the city from the south, after an absence of twelve years, is now scabbing
on his fellow-unionists at New Westminster. A little investigation has revealed the fact that he officiated in.a
like capacity during cho Washington
Water Co. strike at Spoltnno in 1907-8.
Trades and Labor Council.
April 10, 1891.
President Stnrk and Wm. Fowler,
from the Bricklayers' union, stated
fully the position of that society regarding affiliation with the Trades and
Labor council, und quoted international
law on the matter.
Thomas Musters admitted delegate
from Amalgamated Society of Carpen-
F. Davenport and W. P. Brown elected members respectively of parliamentary and finance committees.
Re labor paper, it was Btated that
the proposition had not yet assumed definite shape. George Bartley had declined the editorship, and a Victoria
man had been communicated with on
the matter.
Geo. Irvine, walking delegate, report'
ed re the number of buildings in course
of erection in the city.
Delegate Honre stated the hod-carriers intended to stick to tho working
card system despite the actions of the
MeasrB. Davenport, Franklin nnd
Brown instructed to draft circular on
the labor situation in B. (\, and send
same to labor assemblies in Eastern
From Parm's
Potato Patch
put up io
pint bottles
Factory: 1366-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 286
Est 1904        Vucouver, B. O.
Says tho Hyack Canyon Vindicator
"The 'drys' were out iu full force oi
Thursday night to heiir their candidntt
make his maiden speech in thc opening
campaign. A lot of his supporters wished
he'd never spoke. Mrs. O'Hurra is.one
of the bolters. She says the deacon
even opposed Bonding a bottle of boozo
ns ii medicine by parcel post.
'' Deacon Brown spoke as follows:
Fellow 'boiize-dghters'—(cries of Oh!
<>h!) and moral supporters: Prohibition
is absolutely necessary to sober up tho
yahoos of this district, (Applause.) We
need a great deal of legislation to make
this a moral country lit for a good man
like myself to live in.
"Women who blindly follow the latest fashions are prone to the worst kind
of infeinperance. Mnvjn' picture shows
must be prohibited; because they lead
to idleness and folly. (Audience kind of
"Curd playin' of nny sort and giimb-
lin' must be stopped, because there ore
top many card fiends at large iu theso
diggings. (Cy. King and two others
leave the hall.)
"Diiticiu' is nu unpardonable sin and
hns caused tlie downfall of some who I
enn inline. (Profound silence.)
"Thnt filthy habit of smokin' and
hewin' tpbnccod and usin' snuff" is a
"witive disgrace and an oulrnge on eiv-
lix.nfion ihkI must be jerked up by pus-
in' a good salutary law matin' it n
ii mi tin I nlTi'iicc to use Ihe stinkin'
weed. Tobacco oontnins nicotine, The
use of tea and coffee is just as bud, lie-
iUllSQ niie cuntniiis thcinc and the other
tufForlno. Those are deadly poisons. 1
never touch booze or tobacco or snuff. |
Pure water is the only proper and refreshing stimulant  for either mnn  or
beast nnd	
"A yulino mi n back bench tossed tin
empty black bottle up the aisle that
went bumpty-biimp right up against the
platform in fmnl of the deacon. The
crowd enjoyed it, nnd hollered out 'See,
deacon, whnt you missed.' 'You fellows
nre goin1 to the devil along with Judge
Jones on horseback.' yelled bnck Deacon Brown, amidst the uproar as several
' wets' left the hull, nnd Bomebody
blew a blast mi a kiigoo. Quiet being
restored the deacon proceeded:   ■
"It's nothing short of a crime to allow hand concerts on Sunday, (Female
voice—Hero, here.)
"Parents should bo arrested who allow their children nt large in the woods
and Ileitis on the Lord's dny. Sunday
newspapers belong to the devil,"
"Elder Krap—'Deacon, your'e the
star of the canyon—you are, deacon!'
(Applause and laughter.)
"What we need is a real live cumpuigu to clear tho country of those dastardly evils. It must be a real trumpet,
bell-ringing, drum-bent ing, devil-light-
lug campaign to stir up the people to n
realization thnt war is hell—but where
millions are stain in buttle, that billions are killed by accursed booze."
A Buffragotte—'' What about wo-
men's suffrage?"
"Deacon Brown—Women should stay
home and mind their own business. (A
buzz of excitement, an-1 somo ono said,
"Three cheers for Deacon Brown,"
nnd they cheered. Another called for
"Three cheers for Judgo Jonea" (he
wns not at the mooting.) The judge
also received a "tiger," and the gathering broke up.
It 'h reported that a new paper will
be started next wook.
Unless Request Is Granted
Convention Will Take
Some Action
Postmasters WiU Recognize
Seniority in Making
VICTORIA, April 4.—The matter of
securing a holiday- for the temporary
letter carriers, who arc now employed to
the number of 200 or more by the postal
authorities throughout the Dominion,
taking the place of enlisted carriers,
wus the most important subject under
discussion by tke Victoria branch' association of Letter Carriers at its last
meeting. If the department does not
grant this very reasonable request by
midsummer, it is expected that the Dominion convention of the carriers, which
convenes in Vancouver on Aug 17, will
take a strong Btand in favor of the temporary men, some of whom have worked
for fully two years without getting a
day off, except in urgent cases, when, as
a matter of course, they lose the time
they are off.
Seniority System to Prevail.
An important communication was received from the postmaster in reply to
a statement of the branch association on
the question of seniority as a principle
to bo followed in making appointments
to the permanent staff. The postmaster
stated that the department admitted
the groun'd taken by the carriers, nnd
will act accordingly in the future. The
members were particularly pleased with
the work of tbeir officials in this mutter, as Borne disappointments have occurred in the past, where appointments
have boon made directly over the list
of temporary carriers.
Revision of Constitution.
The^executivo of tho federation declines to comply with a^8olution,'for
warded some time ago by this branch,
recommending the' appointment of o
special committee of delegates to meet
iu Vancouver two days prior to ftie
convention for the purpose of revising
the constitution, taking into consideration all the proposed amendments, etc,
This branch is of the opinion that much
time could bo saved and fuller consideration would be given the subject by
such a step. A constitution of a national body, regulation of a fratornal
insurance inside of same, together with
a constitution for branches, is scarcely
a thing that can be successfully amended by one convention after another,
without some few misfits and contradictions creeping in.
Convention Entertainment.
The secretnry-trcasurer of the con
vention entertainment committee wroto
asking to whnt extent tho Victorin
branch would pledge to support the cost
of entertaining a party of the delegates
iu case of a visit to tho Capital. A
special committee wns appointed to con
sider the subject nnd to refer it to the
next meeting of the branch.
Letter Carrier Entertainment.
One of thc members displayed to the
admiration of the meeting, a scroll con
taining the names of all the members
who have enlisted to date, nnd their
respective units. The lettering and border were executed in n style that deserves greater recognition than this
branch is in a position to offer. Some
proposed amendments to the constitution were adopted, and a copy ordered
to bo provided to tho secretary-treaB-
urer of the Federation.
One application for membership wns
considered and approved.
Our organization might very properly recognize the fact that we invite to
our membership besides tho carriers,
postal employees such aB parcel postmen, porters, collectors, messengers and
watchmen, by adopting u more inclusive name than that of Letter Carriers'
frecn X5obc
Prize Winning
Sweet Peas
I'lii- sciiMin In well along, hut growth
Ims houn so slow that yoa imiy yet
I'liint sweet pons—hut do not delay.
lii't   ono   of   our   lino   colIitIions   of
Spencer varieties 1
BUehle's Exhibition Collection, 12
hi'Ri named     fl.00
Ritchie's Royal Collection, 12 well-
known named      75c
Ritchie's Favorite Collection, 12
choice, named   36c
Catalogue mailed free. Send address.
810 Granville Street
- Opp, Globe Theatre
Refined Service
One  Blook  west  of Court  House.
Un of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors  free  to all
Telephone Seymour 8426
Vancouver—Offloe and Chapel.
1034 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3481
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapel, 122-Slxth St. Weat, Phone
REAL SHOE ECONOMY it provided when the
actually withstand every demand made upon them
over a fixed period of time. The only land which civ*
service are those which are HONESTLY built of HONEST
leather by experienced manufacturers.
The reason for the success of LECKIE SHOES is because
these essentials exist in LECKIE SHOES—there ia absolutely
no "experiment''
Some shoes are made merely to sell at a low price. They may
look as good as a LECKIE. But LECKIE SHOES are made
will be worn long after the other kind is forgotten.
That's real shoe economy—the only kind you can afford.
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories-Do Not Bay Any Shoe
ao matter what tta name, anion 11 bears a
plain and readable Impression or this itamp
AU shoes without tht Union Stamp tre
alwaya Non-Union.
246 Bummer Street, Boston, Halt.
3. r. Tobin, Fret   O. L. Blaine, Sac -Trate.
Have your teeth
examined I make
no charge
Every one should consult t
dental surgeon regularly. It
saves trouble, often saves
money, always saves teeth.
Hygienic Crowns
and Bridges
Mado to replace lost or injurod teoth, aolid   $4 061* tOOtll
gold moulded und cunt to stand weur; beuuti-
ful finish, best .workmanship.
Modelled und moulded to lit the face as
woll as tho jaw; give back the natural expression and facial appearance; solid wearing
und exact "bite" with comfort in use.
$10 per set
Office open Tuesday and Saturday
My modern painless methods on
all my work
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St., W.
Cor. Seymour St.
Phone Seymour^331
Goo.l (or one rear's lubicrlptlon to Tbe B.
IA OTTD rjDnC1!' Foderatloniit. will be milled lo .nr td*
»w w w *-•• v^tiivi^r v_» outiide ot Vancouver oitjr.)    Ordoi* ten to.
dny.    Remit when Bold.
May wc sec you at our showroom demonstration in
Carrall Street, City
Granville Street, City
North Vancouver
New Westminster
Next Monday, April 10th, and throughout tho
entire week?
in order to convince you that a comfortable
home may he obtained by tho extended use of
Electric Service
An Extraordinary Bargain
is Being Offered
Oui' new  indirect  illumination  at  Corral I
street is worth inspection.
Special features—including music during entire week.
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville St. Near Davie
Phone Seymour
FBIDAY April 7, 1916
We Are Doing Business in
Our New Store, Now
—You must pay us a visit. Shopping here is like
shopping in a large store in New York. Immense
stocks to choose from, dependable merchandise—
everything arranged to make choosing easy and intelligent. Courteous and experienced salespeople
ready to wait upon you quickly. And with all this
to make shopping comfortable for you, we are keeping our prices down to the lowest notch. Try us
and see.
Spring   stocks   are   here
now waiting your choosing
M^h^dson^BauCompani). M
V   .   _) immwiiIii   loio     mumwt i saamwaa. ttaatt ___w_m ( 7**^
Granville and Georgia Streets
Capital 115,000,000        Best  813,600,000
, Main Office:  Corner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
ALMA ROAD  .Cor. Fourth Avenue and Alnia Road
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. First Avenue and Commercial Drive
EAST END Oor. Pender and Main Streets
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Granville Street
HASTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Hastings and Cambie Streets
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraser Road
Also North Vancouver Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
O. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Goon   Wm™™?
mumsbin_KT_/ )
0§iIvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
Refuses to Consider Amicable Settlement With
Electrical Workers
"Body Turns Down Suggestion of Dominion Labor Official
Although there is gcnoral sympathy
with the electrical workers employed
on the city lighting system, who went
on strike several weeks ngo on account
ot! a dispute as to wages, the men are
still out. Aid, Eastman, chairman of
the lighting committee, hns met in the
same autocratic manner he displayed toward tho men previous to the strike being declared, every/movement looking
toward an amicable adjustment of the
case and has swung the majority of the
council with him. So far did Aid.
Eastman curry this attitude that he
moved that the demand of the Dominion
labor authorities for a form report on
the dispute be Jiled, declaring that the
council was a legislative body and was
not obliged to answer the set of queries
outlined. Fortunately Wiser opinions
prevailed on this point and the form
will be lilled out.
Amicable Proposals Refused.
Acting on instructions from Ottawa,
Mr. J. 1J. McNiven, Dominion fair wage
officer, heard the case of the men, nnd
then s-ppro.ichod the city council, suggesting that the matter be submitted to
arbitration, eaeh party agreeing to accept the findings. Aid. Eastman said
the council was not in a position of an
employer of labor handling private affairs, and had no power under the Municipal act to delegate its authority in
such a ctise as was being considered.
Mr. McNiven again pressed his request,
stating that arrangements could probably be made for a hoard under the Lo-
mieux act, which eould hold a hearing
and come to a decision which would be
u guide for public opinion. The eouacil
refused to consider any of Mr. McNiven 's suggestions, as it also declined
to consider the petition of ratepayers
which requested arbitration on the matter.
Organizer Not Allowed to Speak.
On Monday night a deputation representing the men appeared at the meeting of the city couneil. Strong objection was made to Mr. Dunn, district organizer of the Electrical Workers'
union, being allowed to speak. Mr.
Yates, seeretary of the Trades and Labor council, linully obtained the right to
uddresB the aldermen aad put up a proposal that the mea return to work at
the wages established by the council,
providing the aldermen would agree,
during their term of office, to submit
thc question to arbitration. Tho proposal was taken up by Aid. Dodd in the
form of a resolution, but he could not
find any seconder. The council even
voted down a resolution by Aid. Dodd
and Bryson, for a statement by the
city electriciaa as to thc capability of
the present stall" as compared with the
old men. There- was smae talk in favor
of submitting a referendum on the ease
to the electors, but no action was taken.
Mass Protest Meeting.
The next mooting of thc Trades nnd
Labor council will take the nature of n
Canadian Prices
We have received a shipment
of Gossard "First Lace" Corsets, from the Canadian factory, and are now selling them
at the same prices as you
would pay in the United
See Gossard's. You will appreciate the extraordinary
Capitalist Packing Firm Explains the Secrets of
• Export Trade
Semi-ready Clothes
Made to Measure
public meeting fur the consideration of
the claims of thc striking workers. All
the members of the eity council will be
specially invited to attend und a general invitation given to the general pub
lie. It is believed that the presentn-
tions mnde at* this meeting will go far
to increase the public sympathy which
is now being accorded tho men.
The Present Situation.
Tlie situation as it siands at present
is that all negotiations for u settlement
are off for the time being. While the
men will be compelled to remain idle
for a time, they can not help but win,
as the strike-breakers ure all green
hands, and are not able to do the work
that needs to lie done to keep the plant
in order, so it is only a question of
time ns to how long they will last cm
the job.
Council Uses Intimidation.
The worst feature of the situation is
that the couneil is forcing other men
employed by the city to work with
these "ruts" and, when they refuse
to help them, Ihey are threatened with
dismissal. This aetion alone will mean
the end of thi' present council at the
next election, fur, while the working
class might forgive lbe council for making ihe eity unfair by the employment
of strike-breakers, they will never forgive them for forcing men into such a
position against their wishes.
This strike is different from most
strikes inasmuch as the strikers have
devoted all thoir efforts to having a
peaceful settlement by conciliation, nnd
have even retrained from exercising
their legal right: lo picket, while the
council has resorted tn force by compelling moil from ntlier departments to do
the work of the strikers which Ihe
"rats" were unable to do, and they
very plainly show that they are taking
the' wrong position in the matter by
hiding behind Ihe technical point in the
Industrial Disputes act, which requires
ten men to be affected before a board
of investigation can be made compulsory. If they hud a case which eould
stand investigation, they would not be
afraid to submit it, but. knowing they
are in the wrong, Ihey are taking advantage of flic power iheir positions
give them to defeat the mon.
Special Order Tiiiloring-iiuiking
dollies lo Order in five days.
This is the Semi-ready schedule
on ull special orders.
Many men sec a pattern which
may not be carried in stock in any
store—they like it, want it, must
have it.
That's the. genesis 0|' Semi-ready
Special Orders—and they make
hall: a million a yeai! to personal
HO0 Cloth patterns, imported English
worsteds, Serges, Cheviots, Tweeds, Vicunas, 'Homespuns.
;i0 styles to select from.
Prices, $18 and up.
Delivered on dny promised.
Absolute fit and perlect finish
guaranteed, or your money
back "—cheerfully.
Thomas & McBain
655 Granville Street
Many from Ranks of Unemployed Are
Now Leaving for Northwest,
As thc result nf vigorous joint action,
as recommended in recent issue of The
Federation 1st] tlie claims of the unemployed in British Columbia who are fitted for farm work for special railway
rates from the coast to the Northwest,
have at last been recognized. Special
rates of a cent per mile for tlie selected
men, their families and for female help
for the farms now prevail.
Belief 8upt. Ireland of Vancouver has
been chosen as the central authority for
sending out the men und within a few
weeks a large number will take advantage of the offer of employment. The
province of Saskatchewan has sent Mr
F. .I, .Fit/.pntriek, of the provincinl department of agriculture, to the coast to
select the men for that province, ho
states that ho eaa find work for every
available man and has already seat off
severul parties.
Premier Norris of Alberto has sent
word to Mr. Ireland that ho can send
700 men to Alberta, the selection boing
left, to the Vancouver relief officer.
An estimate of tho number of available mea given by Mr. Irelnnd early in
tho week was as follows: Vancouver,
250; South Vancouver, 400; North Vancouver, 50, and Victoria, 100. Applications were called for as soon as tho reduced railway rates were declared, with
tho result thnt. this estimate hns been
greatly incronscd.
Caustic Comment by Correspondent on Old Country Matters
[By \V. M. C.J
HERE IS HOW wc feed 'em on our
world-famed brand of civilization,
as told in tho London Times of Feb. 24:
"At Tower bridge police court, Messrs.
Armour & Co., Ltd., were summoned for
haying on their premises 103 tons of
pork, unsound and unfit for food. They
tendered a plea of 'guilty/ claiming
that it was intended for export' to the
West Coast of Africa as trado pork for
native consumption.'" Pity the poor
heathens! As the bovril udvertisement
man says, "Alas, my poor brother!"
And as Queen Victoria said to the savage chief, "The foundation of Britain's
greatness Mies' in the Bible.
Shifting the Blister.
The report of the British govornment 'b retrenchment committee says
that civil expenditure during recent
years has grown by £40,000,000 annually; and that old age pensions, national
insurance, labor exchanges and education are responsible for ±';i5,000,000 of
this sum. "It follows," the committee
says, "that if aay wholesale reduction
of civil expenditure is desired, it can
only be effected by a general restriction of state activities, and by the'ubro-
gation of acts of parliament enjoining
such activities. Very heavy taxation
will be nccossary to meet tho iaterest
upon war debt and Ihe charges for war
pensions, etc." It would be a fair sample of their everlasting gall should they
attempt to curtail the old nge pensions
in order to pay increased interest to the
financiers of the war loans.
May Be All Oyer Again.
Thus Dr. Wurolea, in Everyman,
"After a careful survey and analysis
of all the economics, political and moral
factors, my conviction is that Germany
will not be less formidable after tho
war limn she was before." Then what's
the fight about?
Who Always Pays?
And listen to the Nation: "Mr. McKenna must well understand that he
cannot get enough to support tho new
costs of war from the purses of the
well-to-do alone." When, in the name
of tlie seven prophets, did ever he,
any other chancellor, get flic cost of
anything from the well-to-do alonef
A Drastic Contemplation.
A Berlin message states that the Uor-
mnn authorities are contemplating drastic legal curtailments of the sausage
supply. Hume more "frightfuluess." If
such n dire threat ns this cannot force
the Allies to their knees in abject fer
ror, then they are hopeless.
Still Another Nostrum.
Thus A, M. Thompson, a pro-war socialist of the deepest dye, iu the Hun-
day Chronicle: "The taxation of profits
hns shown a new way to better economic system than socialism, Let cup
tains of industry make profits with a
view to surrendering thom pntriotieal
ly." The main intention, wo presume,
is to leave open a field for tho lit and
proper cultivation of the spirit of charity.
Save the Infants.
"The birth rate can be increased effectively only by the reduction of mortality among infants. It is not; the
gross number born, but the net survival
of healthy children, that matters to the
state." Thus I.. Darwin, in T, P.'s
Weekly. Suppose some pre-war courageous chancellor had proposed to im
pose n tax of £5,000,000 {a day's wnr
bill) to save infantile life! He would
have been crucified inside two shakes
of a jamb's tail, and had nails driven
all over his enreass until he resembled
thc Iron Man of Germany.
How Old Is Ann?
The story goes that, in tho early days
of the present war, Pr. David Starr
Jordan, chancellor of Leland Stanford
university, was asked which side he
thought would win. Bis Inconie reply
was: "Who won the San Francisco
Equally True ln Vancouver.
Surely it is time to let up on the
ruff-stuff iu the recruiting operations,
Complaints come iu from all sides about
interference with citizens passing ntong
the slreets. On the corner of Main and
Logan the other evening there wns Ihe
makings of a very ugly row when a man
resented insulting reflections which had
been mado as lie passed along. Si.me
battalion officers have warned their
men not to molest ur insult any mnn,
and the hint could very well be tnken
nil round.'—The Voice.
Mr. A. tT, Carter, vice-president of
District IS, tij M, W. of A,, asks flint
the report of his statements at Victoria,
given in last week's Federationist under
u Victoria date Hne, be corrected. On
the Workmen's Compensation act his
statement was that the measuro would
be one of the best, providing tho amendments which had been outlined to him
were secured. On tho question of minors' wages, the 10 per cent, increase
referred to was that reeently secured
in the Central States.
Increaie Your Husband's
/ Salary
Yivery woman can incrcanc her hus*
Imtifl'K rnilnry; nil hIio hits to do is lo
iisc good judgment when imrdiiisinn
nnyllilnjr for tho homo; Kvery time von
nave money nn a pfeee of furniture
you are that much bettor off. We
gladly invito you to come in nnd In-
h|.it| mum..   Cash or easy paytner.tR.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Note These Points
which Stand Out t're-eminent in Spencer's
D •    • For a watch at this price there is none better in
iteCtStOTl Vancouver. For whatever purpose needed you can
"    "   i reply on its precise timekeeping qualities.    It is
quickly adjusted to your particular wear. Week in week out' it is on
steady timo. It is non-magnetic and not affected by the strongest
5     1 •   1 • a Every wheel, pinion and jewel hole is soundly and
O Ll til ty    solidly finished and the general principles on which
*' ■* '■" — * '■■■" the movement is constructed bear evidence that it
is a thoroughly dependable watch suited for the man or boy who leads
an active out of door life.
r\ I ajaa        Tho guarantee is for a year, but with anything like
LstlTQutllty    fair treatment you can keep on using it year after
■■   ~   ■'   -■'      year and it will continue to serve you faithfully and
well.   The case is of nickel silver and wears white throughout,
Seven jewel  J3.50       Fifteen jewel 96.00
—Jewelry Section Main Floor
David Spencer Limited
"Spring Has Come"
mid thus provide yourself with the means for healthy and pleasurable
enjoyment throughout the long outdoor season beforo us.
MA88EY-HAKM8 (Silver Ribbon)  MS
IMPERIAL  ."  $30
108 Hastings St. East, Vancouver
Phone Seymour 2791
or more—memberB of any trades union in Canada may have
mailed to their individual addresses for J J a year
(Strictly modern), one block from Labor Tomple.   Hore, evory comfort
'awaits you,     ,
Union Cigars and best brands of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe ln connection.
U-—    i. —ja_m_--_—-_*m—m—,  I     —       \'m. m*SSS_______Sm_SS____Z
When you recognize this as a
fact you will boost for the pro*
"nets of home industries bv cut-
ling out tho importod artio'lo
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand'
The only government-inspected
plant in B. C.
An enemy to tbe Wage Earner, Say Labor Leaders.
Thoro are seven million wnge earners in the United States.
In the live leading Industries of the United States an average of lilil'
wnge earners nre employed for every one million dollars invested.
Per eaeh one million dollars invested in the liquor trade thero nre only
104 ivngo earners employed.
Labor's share at the value of the products of the lending industries
nt' the Tinted States is a little more than 24 per cent.
Labor's share of the products of the liquor industry is only 11.01 per
For every dollar spent for intoxiennts labor roeeives two conts.
For every dollar spent for other products labor's share is 1(1.2 per eent.
Athletes are required to abstain from drinking when in training. Why
should the working man drink to give him strength?
John Mitchell, formerly National l'resident of tho Miners' Union,
says, "1 till) not impressed with the idea that if you cIobo down the liquor
frame you bring about calamity. Rather the contrary. There will bo readjustment rif society.   If a saloon is closed, in its place comes a store."
"The destruction of the poor is their poverty, and the present licensing system is the chief cause of the present-time weakness, poverty and
debasement of the poor. "—John Burns, M. P., English Labor leader.
"The damning curse of the laborer is thnt which gurgles from thc
neck of a bottle,"—T. V. Powdorly, ex-l'res. Knights of Labor.
"I stnnd side by side with tho representatives of labor who object to
the labor union being tied to tbe tail of tho brewers' kite. The saloon is
contrary to nil the union stands for; it is the union's worst enemy."—,
Vicar General Cassldy, Roman Catholic Prolate.
"Resolved, that we, tho delegates of the trndes unions of Philadelphia, earnestly advise the workers of this city in general and the memberB
of the unions in particular, to agitate nnd vote for local option."—Central Labor Union, Philadelphia, March 27, 11)10.
"The saloon is a greater injury to the wage workers of this eountry
than any other thing connected with our lives."—John Lennon, Treas,
American Federation of Labor.
According to the report of the United States Census Bureau for 1908
the nvernge yearly earnings of all cities in Massachusetts for each individual worker in manufacturing plants wns:
No-license cities  $543.75
License cities  408.(10       y
Difference in favor of no-license cities.$ 74.00
, Drinking diminishes tho productive power und decreases the wage-
earning capacity of all who drink.
The liquor traffic bids for tho support of the laborer only because it
wants his money.
Tho saloon makes many u man live in a poorer home, oat poorer food,
and wear poorer clothes.
Fifty per cent, moro peoplo own their homos in states that have ban-
ishod tho saloon than in license states.
Vote ugaiiiBt the snloon and it will make you u better and happier man.
a better father to your boys and girls, and a bettor husband to your wife,
. People's Prohibition Movement of B. O., 703 Rogers Building, Vancouver, B, O.


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