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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 2, 1916

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 THE EjltlTISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTBIAL UNITY: STBENGTH. • f . OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B 0 FEDEBATION OF t .nnn ^"^
DU" —tarn POLrn&il, ITOITV . VTflTnBT I
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 22.
OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B.C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 2, 1916
POLITICAL UNITT : VIOTOBTI
____%*?)     $1.50 PER YEAR
I "PREVA
RATE OF WAGES
Pay-triotic Employers Taking Full Advantage of
Labor's Need
Central Labor Body Insists
Upon $2.50 Per Day
for Laborers
THE "PREVAILING" rato of wages
is n quostion receiving attention
from several branches of tho building
trades juBt now. For some months past
thoro has been so little work in that
line of uny description that most employers Boom to have lost track of tho
old schedules; in fact tlieir memories
nre seriously und conveniently impaired.
The 1914 Scale of Wages,
During the year euding Dec. 31, 1914,
tho following wns the official scale of
union wages; likewise the "prevailing"
rate:
Per hour
Stone Cutters    70   c
Bricklayers and Masons    75   c
Bricklayers' und Masons' labor   43940
Carpenters and Joiners    53^c
Plasterers     75   c
Plasterers' Laborers     50   c
Lnthcrs     08%c
Painters     Sli^e
Plumbers and Steam Fitters    62%e
Shoet Metal Workers    56%e
Structural Iron Workors    Q2\_e
Electrical Workers (insida)    G2%c
HoiBt  Engineers,  according  to
rig operated     43%c to 62%o
Common laborers     37%c
In all cases the hours of labor nro 8
per dny; 44-hour week.
Builders' Exchange Scale.
On Dec. 31, 1014, the Vancouver Bull
dors' Exchange submitted the following
Bchedule of wages to the city council,
but on Jan. 20, 1915, the board of works
filed the communication, and no official
recognition was therefore ever given
the notification.   Tho scale read:
Por day. Hrs.
Bricklayers   $5.00       8
Bricklayers' Laborers     2.40      8
Mortar Misers    3.00       8
Stone Cutters :    5.00       8
Stone Mnsons    5.00       8
Plasterers     5.00       8
Plasterers' Helpers     3,50      8
Tile and Marble Hot-torn    5.00       8
Tile and Marble Helpers....   2.80       8
Building Laborers.     2.40      8
Excavating Laborers  4.80       8
Motal Laborers     4.80      8
Carpenters     3,00   ,   8
Pointers    3.60       8
Glaziers     2.50       8
Plumbers     4.00       8
Plumbers' Helpers     2.40      8
Steam Fitters    4.00       8
Steam Fitters' Helpers    2.40       8
Gas Filters  '4.00       8
Sheet Metal Workers    4,00       8
Electrical Workers    4.00       8
Structural Lino Workers..,.   4.50       8
Hoisting Engineers, stoam..   4.00       8
Hoisting Engineers, electric   3,00       8
One man, horse and cart....   4.50
One man, team nnd wagon..   0.00
The Limit Reached hy G. N. R.
A few weeks ago tho contractors on
tho new G. N. R. depot, patriots that
they are, decided to adopt a littlo "prevailing" rate of wages of their own,
and submitted the following schedule
for tlie consideration of tho civic railway und bridges committee:
Per hour
Laborers     28^c
Teumsters .
25
Foremen    42%c
Carpenters    38ViC
Blacksmiths     38%c
Powder mon     3114c
Bricklayers     50
Stoam Shovel Engineers    04Vi
Road Roller Engineers    42%c
Plumbers .'    37%c
Machinists     40V(c to 48
Cement men     3114c to 34
Concrete laborers     31^4o
Wage Scale of Building Trades.
This wus so rotten that tho Trades
nnd Labor council protested to thc city
council against its adoption, and it was
furthor arranged that a special-com
mittee from the building trades shoitb
meet und draft a new schedule of wages
for submission and adoption by the
central labor body.   This rends:
Per hr. 8 hrs,
Bricklayers     (12%e      $6.00
Sheet Metal Workers....   50   c        4.00
Plasterers     «2%c        5.00
Stone Cutters    02VjC 5.00
■ Carpenters    45   c        3.00
| Plumbers     50   c        4.00
I Laborers   2.50
Concrete Workers     81%c        2.52
j Mortar Mixers    37Vjc        3.00
Plasterers' Laborers ....   43%c        3.50
Tile Layers    08%c        5.50
Marblo WorkerB    08%c        5.50
Electrical Workers     02^c        5.00
Electrical Helpers    37%c        3.00
Structural Iron W 'kors   62#e        5.00
Steam Engineers $4.00 to $5.00
Electrical Engineers  $4.00 to $5.00
Marblo WorkerB' Help   44%c        3.58
PaintcrB  3.00
9 hours
| Machinists  46%C        4.18
Harbor Board Schedule of Wages.
Following is the schedule of minimum
Iwnges paid by tho Vancouver harbor
board ond recognized by the federal
government:
8-hour-day
Stono cutters   $5.00
Bricklayers     5.00
MasonB ( 6.00
Carpenters     3.00
Plasterers     5.00
LnthorB (metal)     4.80
Paintors     3.60
Plumbers nnd stoam fitters    4.50
Sheet metal workers     4.00
Structural Iron Workers     5.00
Electrical Workers    5.00
Plasterers' laborers     3.50
Bricklnyers' laborers    3.00.
^Ordinary laborers    2.40 i
Hoisting    Engineers    (operating
double drum derrick)    4.50
SWAMP OF SLAVERY BREEDS NOXIOUS VERMIN AND DEADLY POISON
PRIVATE SLEUTHS LOWEST OF ALL CREATURES
Their Slimy Trail Leads to the Invasion of the Most Sacred Confidences and Relations
of Men and Spreads Poison in All Walks of Life—The Last
Word in Human Degradation
J
DAN. W. POUPABD
Hon. (.rent'nil seen-tiiry of tlio Hi*tail Employ-eon! organ hut ion of British Coluin-
l.iu, with hoadtiua'rtora at Victoria—Editor tlio Butoll Employee- official monthly
publication of tho organisation—Air.
Poupard was ono of tho pioneer movera
in the recently enacted half-holiday
legislation.
Old-time Western Federation of Miners Must
Lead the Way
They Can Save the Day for
Organized Labor With
"Come Back"
UST AS A SWAMP breeds miasmatic germs, foul and poisonous odors, slimy reptiles and noxious
insects, so docs the slave market of the world bring forth a prolific assortment of crawling, creeping
_ and malodorous reptiles and vermin in human guise, that can be enlisted for any purpose 110 matter
how low, mean and vile. Slavery being the primal and fundamental orime and curse inflicted upon hu
map kind, it becomes the prolific parent of all that multitude of lesser evils and vices that afflict and pes
ter the sons of men. The enervating miasma arising from thc swamp of human slavery acts as a deadlv
poison to everything hat » moral, ethical and decent in human society, and it is ouly the mt and 3
est ot mora1 fibre that can stand up against it. The masters of slaves become so lost to all deee, cv tha
there » nothing so low in human conduct that they will not cheerfully resort to it in order to «&
their ends The slaves likewise, become so morally, ethically and intellectually stunted, dwarfed and
rippled that many of them are thus made available lor the most despicable service agaii t X r own
kind, in order that the interests of the masters may be made secure. Personal flunkies aiid aokev. Ze
not usually considered to be a very high type. In fact their servility and low-down fawnin.andcrine
ng clearly stamps them as something less than human, though it would, perhaps, not be doing usti e to
he canine fain, y to call them dogs. Pimps, panders, procurers and prostitutes are, if possible a Ttt e
lover in tbe scale of morality and decency: This class ooinnrises a hmV of i„rliv;,i,,li 1r
side of that commonly and politely referred to aS the "soeid evfl ".nd it.nffilli /£ "SP* °Ut-
those who pimp, pander and procure, for the interests bf great wealth arid ohjf.T & r, ♦ T.h,er*e 8,;e
cuts and abilities in exchange for pieces of silver nimp n, l „ ™ ful1/ V^^te their tal
called to the attention of Ihf press^ P^ph^^a^S^SsT ^ ^ reSPeCtfU"y
BECAUSE of tho peculiar industrial
conditions prevalent in British Columbia, as a result ot' several yours of
fevcriBa-flapitnU»*t-exploitation and the
collnpso of a real estate boom that will
bo remembered for two or throe genera
tions, furthor complicated by the outbreak of war, a tremendous responsibility hns been placed upon the membership of organized labor. And accept it
they will, becauso thoy must do so or
leave the provinco entirely to Orientals
and Europenii "bolmnks" without of
VOtO] Inasmuch ns the mining industry
gives promise of continued activity the
eyes of those workmen less favorably
situated naturally turn to the Western
Federation of Miners, tho pioneers of
the eight-hour duy and 'much other
labor legislation in this province.
Battle-scarred Veterans Resuming Fight
Though almost shattered to pieces by
industrial depression, huge union-hating
corporations and intornul strife in recent yenrB, tho suine economic conditions thut mado them u lighting militant
uggressive orgnnization along in 1900
aro once more marsh n Hi ng their forces
and placing them in shape to assume
their old-time place in the vanguard of
the Labor movement.
Profited by Experience.
President Moyer has recently paid a
visit to the KootenayB and, judging
from his public addresses to tho miners,
ho has learned many lessons and will
therefore bo in a better aud stronger
position to tako advnntuge of prosent
opportunities. When the metalliferous
minors "como back," ns they surely
will, the outlook for all tho members of
organized labor in British Columbia will
bo more encouraging. At tho recent
Trail convention of District (i, W. P. of
M., the miners renfllliutcd with tho B.
C. Federation of Lubor, a good token in
itself.
Special Organizers Needed.
It is to bo hoped thut the executive
bourd, of which Ernest Mills, an ox-
Greenwood local secretnry, is a member, will rise to the occasion and help to
put tho Western Federation of Miners
buck on tho map of this province. A
special corps of organizers should bo
started out at the earliest possiblo mo-,
ment and these should work night and
duy until every mining camp in British
Columbia is aguin brought buck into
thc union fold. The Lubor movement
needs tho organized miners. And organized miners can help to make the
Labor movement move. Lot tho Western Federation of Miners sturt from
here and keep going.
AS TO DEPRAVITY, in all the category of slimy,, disgusting and evil-smelling things in human form, thero
is none to challenge the supremacy of that delectable product of slavery and slave civilization known as a private
detective. Ho has been in evidence all along down tho
history of slavery, but never until now, nt the vory zenith
of slave civilization, hus he blossomed out into what would
nppoar to be the limit of attainment in all that is nauseating and stinking in tho nostrils of decency. It was at ono
time supposed to be low and dishonorable to listen nt keyholes nnd penk through crocks. A sneuk, a spy nnd a telltale were looked down upon by everybody who made any
pretense of honorable conduct und seemly behavior. This
despicable', vicious nnd cowardly sort of business has now
been commercinlized nnd mado respectable. At. least it is
catored to and patronized by the greatest and most notable in the land.
THE FIRM OF MORGAN has just beon caught employing the notorious and superlatively nasty Burns' detective agency, to Bpy out the actions of some who wore
under suspicion of having gotten next to certain wnr contract information that the House of Morgan desired to
keep for itsolf. In this laudable undertaking, tho Burns
person broke into tho offices of a legnl firm nnd ransacked
the archives of this firm and carried nway such ns the
Morgan interests required. Dictaphones were nlso placod
whero they could do the most good. So fur as yot learned,
no one has been arrested for this burglary.
NOT LONG SINCE an employoo of a powder company
ih this city was suspected of being short a few hundred dollars in his accounts. He hud worked for the company for fifteen years and, as ho had a family nnd his
wages were of tho usual narrow dimensions, it mny have
been truo that he'had gone a little beyond what should
have been the caso, in order to have sntisfied tho require
ments of bourgeoia morality, as designed for the guidance
of slaves. Be that as it may, however, the Thiel Detective agency was called upon and this unfortunate man was
dogged and followed by that sweet-scented aggregation of
slimy roptiles until he was driven to suicide. Ho wns not
arrosted, oh, no. Tho Thiel whelps merely came to his
house and requested bim to come down to the office. As
the pretense was also mado that it might be necessary for
him to make a trip to Victoriu, he bado his wife and
children good-byo and went with the aforesaid whelps.
An hour or so afterwards ho shot himself in the Thiel
offices. Nervous and high-strung he could not stand the
ordeal. It matters not how great his offense might be,
from a judicial standpoint, ho was as surely murdered by
this in famous Thiel gang ob though the shot had been
fired by that gang itself.
SOME INTERESTING EVIDENCE was given the other
day before the commission sitting in inquiry/into thc
alleged frauds pulled off at the recent bye-election. A
person by the name of Reddington, who is manager of the
Thiel agency in this city, gave evidence to show that the
alleged "plugging" at the election had beon done without
tho knowledge of the Conservatives, for he assured the
commission that his "agency" hnd an "operator" sitting
on the executive of the Conservative nsoBcintion, and if
such knowledgo had been possessed by the executive, the
matter would have been duly reported to the "agency."
Just why the commission did not ascertain who the Thiel
"operator" upon the executivo wns, is not clear. These
disclosures of tho fine hand of the Thiol "agency" hns
caused mnny bourgeois heart-throbs of anxiety around
this neighborhood already, as it opens up the question of
how far this sort of espionage huB been carried on. Thero
is more thnn ono business and political tin-horn in this
province who would much rather have nt least the history of somo of his transactions remain a secret.
FATAL ACCIDENT
TO SECOND SON OF
R. PETTIPIECE
Ferby P. Pettipiece Meets an Untimely End in His Nineteenth
Year at Bear Creek
"no;
SAD aft'air occurred on Wed-
esday at 3 p.m. at Bear Creek.
Forby Parm Pettipiece, the beloved
sou of Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Pettipiece of this city, hnd been with
Foley Bros., Welch & Stewart but
three weeks when the fatal accident occurred. The big stonm
shovel, in charge of his uncle—Geo.
Pettipiece, working in the outside
tunnel, was backing up when it tipped over burying the deceased. He
was a bright good-natured promising young fellow, popular with his
associates here, having been un enthusiastic lacrosse player, a good
swimmer and u clover boxer. Ferby
was a Vancouver boy, having attended the Mt. Plcnsant school. Besides his parents he leaves to mourn
his untimely loss two brothers
(Clarke W. and Punnalee) and three
sisters (Elsie, Nellie and Una.) He
was the grandson of Mr. and Mrs.
John Bielby of White Rock.
Tho remains will arrive this ovoning and the funeral will tnke place
from tho undertaking parlors of
Center & Hunna tomorrow afternoon, under the auspices of the
local printers, his father being retiring president of Typographical
union, No. 22(1. The sympathy of u
large circlo of friends is extended
to the family in this their hour of
bereavement. G. B.
"Always   flght  oppression; be one  of
'  God's own free-
Never havo your wishbone whero your
backbone ought to be."
Driver with horse nnd cart    4.50
Driver with 2 horses and wagon..   6.00
•Laborers  on  Granville street  reclamation work wore paid    2.75
Civic Committee Scale.
On Tuesdny tho civic bridge and railways sub-committee met and after a
good deal of discussion decided that
thoy would amend tho G. N. R. work
scale to read:
Por hour
Cnrpenters     45   c
Blacksmiths     45   c
Bricklayers     62%c
Plumbers     50   c
Othor classes of work to conform to
tho "prevailing" rate of wages, as re-
;ognized by the federal department of
labor.
Wbat of Labprers' Wage?
All of which leaves tho question of
laborers' wages up in tho air. But if it
is found that the "prevailing" rate is
set at anything lower than 31]4c an
hour there will be something doing
every minute in organized labor circles.
Winnipeg Factories ln Line,
Representatives of tho Garment
Workers' union have secured signed
contracts with overy shirt and overall
fuctory in Winnipeg. The ugreements
provido for better working conditions.
Infest Labor "Unions, Too.
AMPLE MEN AVAILABLE
IN B. C. FOR P. G. E. WORK
As the result of representations made
by the presidont of the B. C. Federation of Labor, Jas. H. McVety, it is said
that the provincial government has succeeded in having tho rate of wages for
laborers on tho proposed P. G. E. railway work fixed at $2.50 per day, 50c
more than at first announced. It is said
that somo two thousand men will bc
placed nt work during tho next few
weeks, but there are plenty of job-seek-
ers in the province nnd there will bo no
need for importations.
Victory for Organized Sailors.
Aften lengthy conferences, tho shipowners operating from Han Francisco
have granted practically all tho demands of tho three Pacific district organizations of tho International Seamen's union. This ngreement, which
was reuchod without uny walkout or
strike, gives tho men an average wage
increase of about 10 per cent. The
agreement also secures working condi-1
tions for the men for which they have
long been striving. Tho Const Soa-
nien'B Journal points out thnt tho men,
secured this victory solely because of,
tho strength of the organizations which i
presontcd tho demands.
Just whnt sort of a figure theso do
tcctive agencies have cut in labor troubles for tho last quarter of a century if
well-known to everybody. Not a thing
has beon planned by the labor unions
thnt hns not been known by the employ'
ers and the information has been obtained directly from members of thc
unionfl themselves. The paid agents of
these detective agencies huve But at the
councils of the unions and hnve often
times served upon executivo bonrds ant
strike committees.
It is no secret that upon more than
ono occasion strikes havo beon engineer'
ed nt the instigation of employers, sucli
affairs being pulled off through these
agencies. Many a strike hns been broken
by the same moans. Who has forgotten
Homestead, Cour d'Alene, Colorado,
West Virginia, tho Michigan copper district, not to mention a hundred other
nnd similar incidents, a number o'f
whieh have occurred not fnr from Bri
tish Columbia?1
Theso detective conspiracies huve
proven even moro infamous and unscrupulous than tho police nnd military in
dealing with lnbor in its struggli
against capital.
Parker Williams' Protest.
Whatever may bo said in criticism o
Parker Williams, let this bo said to his
credit, that ho has bawled these infamous conspiracies out for fair, and done
what he could to see that they worn
driven from this province. Needless to
say his protests have fallen upon deaf
enrs, but now thut tho sacred precincts
of the secret political councils of the
petty bourgeoiB of tho province have
boen invaded by this pest, thero mny be
possibility of governmontnl cars becoming more sennntivo to danger signals.
To even speuk of theBe detective
agencies and their reptile "operntors"
leaves a hud tuste in the mouth. Their
very presence within tho precincts of
labor organizations, or anywhere else,
soon develops a contamination strongly
suggestive of the presence of ordure, or
other fetid matter.
Unions Have Nothing to Hide.
Their usefulness, however, to the employing class, can be at once destroyed,
us far as the labor movement is con*
corned, if tho unions refrain from attempting to do nnything in secret. Lot
everything be done in the opon light of
day. .There is nothing io cover up. There
is nothing to evude or deny.
Must Fight It Out ln Open.
The flght against the master class is n
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, June 4.—Bartenders',
Moving Picture Operators.
MONDAY, Juno 6.—Boiler Makers) Electrical Workers, No.
218; Brewery Workers.
TUESDAY, June fi.—Cigar Makers; Railway Firemen,
WEDNESDAY, June 7.—Press
Feeders; Plasterers; Tile Layers;
THURSDAY, June 8.—Horse-
sheers; Sheet Metal Workers;
Milk Wagon Drivers,
FRIDAY, Juno 9.—Carpenters;
Much in ists.
MACHINISTS'
ORGANIZATION
JAMPAICN
Bad Working Conditions In the
Munition Plants Compel
Men to Organize
THE MACHINISTS held two
successful meetings on Friday
and Saturday. Friday's meeting
was composed largely of railroad
men, nnd tho business wus mostly
in tho interests of tho railroaders.
Tho railroad machinists arc almost
100 per cent, organized, the lust
non-union men making application
for membership on Friday evening.
Whilo Saturday's meeting was not
as well attended as the previous
meeting, still it was equally successful from an organizing viewpoint. Reports of wages and conditions wore received from most of
tho shops in the city, and it was
found that conditions are generally
bad. Most shops nnd factories are
working 11-hour shifts, and in some
enses only allowing 15 minutes for
u meal hour; straight time is pnid
for Sunday work, and in fact overtime rate of any kind is almost unknown. President J. Mclvor presided nt both meetings, and W. R.
Trotter and Organizer McCallum
addressed Saturday's meeting. Tho
organizing campaign is progressing
vory favorably and new applications nre being received daily.
NEGOTIATING NEW  AGREEMENT
Federated Trades Committee Meet C. P.
R. Officers at Winnipeg.
A committee, representing the Federated Trades in the mechanical and cur
departments on the western lines of the
('. I*. R., is in Winnipeg at present, negotiating a new agreement.
light for tho control of industry by the
working class. This cannot be covered
up and it might not to be covered up.
Ev«*y class conscious worker proclaims
it from the housetops so that nil the
world may hear and take heed.
It is unnecessary that the employers
should send out "pussy-footed operators" to ferret out the fact. There is
no struggle for wages or other temporary relief measures that stands any in
creased chance of success merely bo
cause it has been planned in secrecy.
The labor market is too vast nnd ifs
scope of activity too wide to be succ.ei
fully juggled with by anything hatched
in secret and nurtured in thc dark. The
ruling class will know all nbout it, nnd
will take nil possible measures to defend
itself against every attack that may be
made upon itg. right to own, to rule nnd
to rob.
Must Abolish Social Stinkpot.
In tho meantime these detective
agencies and their staffs are well entitled to the heartiest execrations of
which organized lubor is capable. But
whut is the use? They are u product of
the swamp. They aro among the choicest specimens that are bred from the
foul and noxious slime of human slavery
that hus engulfed mankind for the last
ten thousand years. Efforts put forth
to end thnt slavery would be energy
better spent than in cursing its fruits.
But it docs relievo the feelings to curse
a bit, once in a while.
W. H. OOTTEELL
President of Pionuor Division No. 101, Street
and Electric Railway Employees' union—
Statistician Vancouver Trades and Labor
council and central labor body representative on several civic public bodies.
COMPENSATION ACT
REUS IN LESS
Industry Having: to Pay the
Freight Workers Are
Safeguarded
Remarkable Showing Made
in California During
Three Years
THE INDUSTRIAL Accident-commission of California hns just issued
figures giving the number of deaths in
the industries of that state during tho
year 19.15, and draws attention to the
list us compared with the statistics for
1914. In tho lattor year, thero worn (191
workers killed and iu 1913 583 workers
gnve their lives to tho industries of
that state. The following table shows
tho reductions in the death list by occupations (tho word "service" includes
employees of men in tho professions, ns
well as those engaged in hotel service,
apartment houses, restaurants, domestic
servants and nuiusement or entertainment employees):
1915   1914
Agriculture     55        02
Construction     78       115
Extraction   (mining and   quarrying)
Extraction (min., quarry)...."   71
Manufacturing     99
Service     25
Trados    20
Transport and pub. util  172
Unknown       13
SO
121
24
24
239
20
091
Total   533
Reduce Industrial Fatalities,
The effective work in behalf uf
"Safety First" has been accomplished
as a result of cordial support from employers and employees, the public generally, and tho press of California. It is
a striking roBult to bo ablo to show a
reduction of 158 in tho death roll of
1915 ns'compared to 1914. That this
reduction comes ns the result of careful
planning is shown by the doorcase in
the main industries of the state, except*
ing service, where the record shows an
increase of one death in 1915 over 1914.
It is the hope of tho Industrial Ac-
iidont commission that statistics will
show u substantial reduction for each
succeeding yoar. The aim is thnt no
proven tamo death shnll take place. The
158 lives speak in terms of bread-winners saved to wives nnd little children
nnd nn enrichment to tho state's citizenship.     	
MILK WAGON DRIVERS'
UNION DESERVES HELP
Membership Nearly All Employed By
Local Union Dairies.
[f there is ono union in Vancouver
leserviag the co-operation and hearty
support of the members of organized
labor and their friends, it is the Milk
Wagon Drivers. They have just emerged from a strike in which nil the big
dairies iiBod their power, through the,
daily   press   nnd   othorwiso,   to   crush
FOR 1916-1917
BY If
The Apprentice Question Is
Dealt With-Will Take
Technical Course
Fatal Accident to the Ex-
President's Son—Other
News Items
I AST SUNDAY'S MEETING of
—* Vancouver Typographical union
proved to be the most interesting
held for somo time. Two candidates
for membership were initiated, two traveling curds were received, the newly
elected officers were installed into their
respective positions and a live discussion took place on the apprentice ques*
tion.
Clarke W. Pettipiece and S. Williamson wero obligated as journeymen
members, and it was indeed with noticeable satisfaction and pride that President Pettipiece delivered his charge to
the candidates and welcomed his eldest son as a full-fledged member of the
orgnnization.
Traveling cards were deposited by
Ivan Brest rom from Portland, Ore., and
C. C. Lamb who returned to this city
after a sojourn of about seven months
at Kelowna, B. C,
New Officers,
The officers elected for the 1916-17
term wero duly installed by retiring
President R. P. Pettipiece, who, in a
few well chosen words handed tho
gavel to President-elect W. H. Youhill.
During the course of his remarks the
retiring president referred to the unusual conditions brought nbout by the
great conflict going on in Europe, and
expressed his appreciation for tho assistance and co-operation given him by
the executive committee and the entire
membership of No. 220 throughout the
two-nnd-n-hnlf yoors he hud tho honor
to serve ns presiding officer. President
Youhill suitably responded und thanked
the memberB for their expression of confidence by electing him to the highest
office in the gift of a local union.
Apprentices Encouraged
A resolution was passed which stipulates that apprentices, upon entering
their third year at the trade shall take
up the course of instruction provided
by the I, T. U. commission, or some
other course to bo nproved by the union..
The idea being that boys shall supplement the practical Oxoprience guinea in
the printing office by other technical
training. As nn encouragement to the
boys tho union offers $5.00 to thoso who
complete thc course.
President's Son's Untimely End.
The mnny friends of R. P. Pottipieco
will regret to learn of tho untimely
death of his second son Ferine, who wns
killed on Wednesday afternoon at. Bonr
Creek, at the east end of Rogers Puss
tunnel, by tho upsetting of a steam
shovel. Ho had been working for
Foley, Welsh & Stewart only a few
weeks when the fatal accident occurred.
Tho sympathy of tho members of No.
is extended to Mr. and Mrs. Petti-
pieco and family in their bereavement.
Ernest Cnter, nn old Vancouver boy,
blew back to the burg after an absence
of nearly four years, optimistic us over.
He made un extended tour along the O.
T. K from Prince Rupert, through tho
western provinces, Dakota, Montnna,
Eastern Washington and tho Kootenay
country. He says sometimes he rodo in
n varnished car and sometimes travelled
by hand.
After completing Mb contract with
the Imperial government, John Jackson,
a member of Vnncouver Typngruphicnl
union, who left with the munition workers lust fall, returned to Vancouvor a
few days ago.
Kingston (Ont.) Typographical Union
No. 204 hns just succeeded in having
the master printers sign up a now wage-
oale agreement that concedes nil in-
rense of $5.00 per week, bringing up
the standard of day and night men to
$17.00 and $19.00 per week, respectively
The old scale ranged from $12.00 to
$20.00 por week, so it will be soon that
under the new agreement the jmirnoy-
men aro materially benefitted.
WINNIPEG TRADE UNIONIST
W. J. Bartlett Decides to Make Vancouver His Place of Residence.
W. J, Bartlett, who lias for some
yours boen an active participant in the
Labor movement in Winnipeg, arrived
in Vancouver Tuesday morning, and
will start work at his trmle. blacksmith,
in the C. P. R. shops on Monday. It
was necessary for Mr. Bartlett to resign
ns councillor for ward four, Assinihoin
municipality, prior to ln« leaving Winnipeg. He wus also a defeated candidato for tho Manitoba legislature in tho
snme constituency some two years ago.
.,. -   -T. , .   .,.  .,.     u 1'   .   - ., ,   Vancouvor unionists will welcome ini
then.   But 111 this the scab-lovers faiec. 1   .....      ,    ,     , ,,,   „   .   . ,  .,
»      -            ,    ,,         •       1 •         1         addition to local     bor c re es,     1   tlio
A  reference to tho union dairy ndver-  „.  ' - -
Hsoments   in   Tho   Federationist   will)
serve as a guide to those who wish to
do the right thing by a body of men
who have to work unceasingly to
earn their money. The recent increase
in business accruing to union dairies
lins made it. possible for nearly all the
members to secure stoady employment.
The entire membership and more can
easily bo put to work if unionists and
their friends will switch their patronage
to unitiii drivers. See flint your "milk-
mun" wears the union button for the
current term.
Blacksmiths' union can be safely depended upon to be heard from in tho
near future.
Hays the Voice: H. Veitch, president
of the Trades and Lnbor council, is being pressed to offer himself as a candidato for tho seat in the Assiniboin
municipal council made vacant by tha
retirement of W, J. Bartlett.
Typo. Election at Winnipeg.
Winnipeg Typos, have elected Officers
as follows: President, 11. Strange; vice-
president, C. Hynu; secretary-treasurer,
W. Wakefield. In the I. T. U. elections
for delegate fo tho Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada, tho vote stood,
Trotter, 151; Sam lladden, 52; .lames
Drury, 23. A total vote of 242 was
polled, out of nn available 850. In Vancouver, only 72 out of u possiblo .182
cast ballots.
TOUCHES THE FRINGE
Local Weekly Almost Tempted to Say
Things, But-—
"The scarcity of sugar," a certnin
newspaper says, "is causing the German government serious concern," Tho
fact that there will soon not be money
onough in Vancouver to buy n bag of
sugar is causing serious concern among
the thrifty housewives of 'his community. A little Inquiry Into present conditions in this trade in B. C, might reveal some queer fucts. Some business
men have yet to learn the truo meaning
of the word "patriotic."—Tho Standard. PAGE TWO
..li BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY : TONE 2, 1916
INCORPORATED 1856
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Bank
CAPITAL and RESERVE
$8,800,000
98 Bianchei ln Canada
A general banking business transacted. Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED llil
Capital    * 12,000,000
HesBIVO        13,000,000
Total Assets         200,000,000
WE  ALLOW   INTEREST ON DE-
ITS IN  OUR
P08
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar wtll open
the account, and your
buslnese will be welcome be It large or
iriiall
Branches and correspondents
throughout the world
THE
INCORPORATED
1855
BANK OF
TORONTO
ABBets $06,000,000
Deposits     48,000,000
The   Most  Convenient   of  All
Small Investments
The Bank of Toronto will necept
deposits of $1.00 and upwards. A
pass-book showing the amount of
your balance will be given you
when you make your first depo*
ait. You have then a Bank Account, to which you can add or
from which you can withdraw at
any time. Interest is paid on
bulances.
Paid up eapf al
Reserve  fund   .
Labor Temple
Building
Phone Sey. 4490
printers of The Fbd.
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
IANTAQES VAUDEVILLE
THBEE SHOWS DAILY
2:45,7:20,0:16,   Season's Prices:
Matinee,   16c;   Evenings,   16c,   26c.
Increase Your Husband's
Salary
Every woman con increase her bus-
bund's salary; all she has to do ia to
use good judgment when purchasing
anything for Iho home. Every timo you
save monoy on a piece of furniture
you nro that, much hotter off. Wo
gladly invite yon to como in and inspect same.   Cash or easy payments.
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd
41 HASTINOS ST., WEST      *
British
Columbia
Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farmiug, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry, British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 100 .acreB
to Actual SettlerB—
Free
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three years; improvements to the extent of $5 por
acre; bringing under cultivation
ut least live acres.
Por further information apply to
DEPUTY MINISTER OF
LANDS, VICTORIA, B. O.
SEORETARY, BUREAU OF
PROVINCIAL   INFORMATION,
VICTORIA, B. O,
11 c.
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0,
Foduratirmi.it, Limited
B.  Parm.  Pettipiece Manager
Offlce:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7405
Subscription:    $1.60 per year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
REPRESENTATIVES
Now Westminster W. Yules. Box 1021
Prince Rupert..,'... .W. E. Dennjng^Boxj6&l
Vlotoria ■
...A. S. Wells,  ft'ox   1688
dency towards tlio
creasing   number
ORIENTAL
AND OTHER
ALIEN LABOR.
h.mliiti,'
'ting ■
Unity of Labor:  the Hope of the World"
FRIDAY June 2, 1910
MENTION HAS been made upon
more tliun one occasion, in these
columns, of tlio evident ten*
ploymoiU ni'.in in-
of alien workers in
Cariadiap indust-Mos,
a pronounced prefer*
once being given to
Orientals and workers from Southern
This tendency has been GBpO-
onounced here in British Co-
Only lust week n largo mass-
itf miners wns held at Fernie
for the purpose of devising ways and
monna to forostftl the introduction of
large numbers of Orientnls into the mining industry of that district. As has
already jbeon pointed out, the mines of
Vancouver island are alrendy largely
manned with Orientals. This has eome
nbout ns an aftermath of the Btrike
i roubles of three yours agoi Immediate
ly nfter the strike the mining companies
proceeded to greatly increase the mini
bor of Orientnls employed until now
the force is almost entirely mnde up o
that clnss of labor. Of course the war
has afforded an excuse to facilitate the
matter of displacing tho British nnd
Canadian workors with the yellow variety, upon the grounds thnt the former
are required for duty on the battlefield,
in defense of that civilization and liberty that has secured for them the proud
privilege of working for a master
whenever they could find one, and hold
ing their jobs ns long nn thnt master
snw fit to allow them to do so. When
unable to find employment they nre also
at liberty to go without food, clothing
and shelter, provided they arc not
caught at it. If caught, however, they
will be cared for by a grateful country,
by being arrested and punished ns va
grunts, which is ns it ought to bc, for to
be a vagrant is most reprehensible indeed, for vngrancy in no manner contributes to tho profit of masters and the
aggrandizement and glorification of their
rule. It should bc frowned down by
all deecnt persons. *
* * *
And right upon the heels of this kick
upon the part of thc miners of Fernie
against thc introduction of Orientnls
into that district, there comes the
cheering nows that the Ottawa government hns decided to release a largo
number of interned .aliens, who arc to bo
put to work by conl mining and pulp
companies in Nova Scotia, Alberta nnd
British Columbia. It is naively mentioned in the despatches that/'those
arc mon who were interned at the opening of the wnr, more on account of their
Inability to mnke n living thnn because
of any hostile intentions on their pnrt."
Now that* the mining und pulp companies require their services, they will be
mado to contribute to the industrial
welfare of the community, more especially to that part of it made up of the
mining and pulp companies. Those
aliens wore unable to make a living in
Canada at the time the war broke out.
The demnnds of the war hnve so depleted thc supply of labor available for
the employers that it is now necessary
to drnw upon this interned body of men.
If the war lasts long enough the conditions mny become such us to enable nil
the Oriental and other alien lnbor in the
Dominion to make n living. Should it
so happen that at the close of the war
there should be any soldiers left who
Biibuld wish to return to Canada, it
should be of great satisfaction to them
to find all employments woll filled with
Orientals and Souiliern Europeans, and
it lie their turn to be unable to make a
living in this Innd of freedom and groat
opportunities, for which they have
risked their lives and lost their jobs,
upon tho battle-Holds of Europe. It
might be well for those who arc now
wearing the uniform to think the matter
over, so ns to be able to act. intelligently in tho days that arc to como, for just
aw sure as day follows night, this war is
to be followed by conditions for labor
far worse than has been known for the
lust century. All of the rapacious instincts of thoso interests that fatten
und batten upon the exploitation and
torture of labor are keenly alive to the
opportunities afforded by thc abnormal
conditions arising in consequence of this
war, to put nn ndidtionnl cinch upon thc
employment of a cheaper and more docile class of labor than that previously
employed. Unless somo more energetic
measures arc usod to forestall it thnn
hnve yet been applied, thnt cinch will
lie ho complete by the time thc war ends
that it will take years of struggle to
overcomo it. With Oriental and other
nlien labor nnd the labor of women and
children firmly established in thc industrial life of Britain and her dominions,
tho returned Boldier will have nmplo
time at his disposal to ponder over the
vicissitudes of existence under a property regime that is based upon his enslavement and thnt of his clnss. Mny
he ponder it woll and with profit to himself and his fellow victims of misplaced
confidence.
ACCORDING TO THE statement of
Dr. Mcintosh, chairman of tho
civic health committee,'tuberculosis iu on tho increase in this eity, de
spite the efforts of the medical profession to stamp it out.
THE SPREAD Dr. Mcintosh further
OF declared   that   dark,
TUBERCULOSIS, unsanitary rooms \n
apartment houseb,
where tho sun could no! penetrate sufficiently, were largely responsible for
the white plague. .»
* ♦       *
Wo believe it is now very generally
acknowledged that tuberculosis is a
j scourge that springs from the present
j system of industry, nnd the conditions
■of living that are forced upon an overwhelming mass of the working people
who uro compelled to live and suffer
under it. In other words, it is :iu evil
incidental to that form of human slavery that Is expressed in the present
i form of properly, and the intense oxj
ploltdtion und misery that tho slaves
suffer,undor it. The white plague is
, iiiit nurtured by fresh air, sunlight,
! wholesome food and plenty of it, rest,
: recreation und cleanly living and liub-
1 its. It is the legitimate offspring of the
; fotid and disease-laden atmosphere of
factories und workshops, dark, dump
and ill-ventilated living quarters, of
cheap and scanty food, often unwholesome and of the poorest quality, the exhaustion resulting from overwork, the
luck of proper rest and the filthy, narrow aad wretched existence and habits
that aro forced upon countless thousands
of the poor in the cruelly congested districts where tho great industries of capital grind the bodies of slaves into thc
luscious profit that can alone bring solace to the pious souls of those who rule
over them.
* *       *
Like all other filth diseases, and thnt
comprises the tuti.ro list, the white
plague reaches out and fastens its vile
tentacles upon, those who ought, by virtue of their opportunity for clean^and
wholesome living, io be immune from
its atlncks. The disease-breeding proclivities of the congested districts nre
sufficient to contaminate the atmosphere surrounding tlie rich und mighty,
and occasionally a member of this precious tribe falls a victim to,thut plague
that is bred by the very system of
slavery that provides the wealth that
measures their pomp and power.
Whether these visitations are to be considered as retributions or not, does not
mutter, but one thing scorns plain, and
that is that filthy nnd disease-breeding
conditions of living ennnot bo forced
upon the working class without dnnger
of the disease germs claiming nn occasional victim from the ranks of the
"better clnss."
* *       *
That   this   wage   slave   disease   is
spreading is by no means strange. How
else could it bc, in face of the fact thut
the congested and crowded conditions
of millions of workers are being accentuated and made worse oach day? It
is not a mutter of record thnt uny appreciable improvement in working nnd
living conditions for theso millions of
workers is being made. At least not a
sufficient improvement to warrant the
expectation that thc toll of the white
plague is being particularly lessened.
That thc "medical profession" is mak*
efforts "to stump it out" is, however, most strange indeed. If the "profession,?*1 should succeed in thut most
laudable effort, it would be a most serious blow to the material interests of
tho " profession, "as it would cut off a
considerable volume of revenue. Has
it ever bCen established that medicos
practice their art for any other purpose
than that of obtaining filthy lucre? If
it has not been so established, why nre
wc justified in believing thut they arc
now putting forth efforts to destroy onc
of thc most prolific sources of such revenue, or lucre? If the disease in question is n result of the miserable and
death-dealing conditions forced upon
the victims -of capitalist exploitation,
under this modern system of property
and shivery, how do these well-meaning
medicos expect "to stamp it out," without stamping out tlio nccursed institution from whieh it springs aud which
affords u sure and prolific breeding
ground for n multitude of kindred nnd
equally deadly evils?
* *      *
Wo may not wilh reason expect to sec
any more serious effort put forth to
stamp out this white plague, or any
oilier plague that is incideutnl to the
presenl system of properly, by the medical profession, than that of temporizing
with some of lis offocts. Efforts will
be made to care such of its victims us
have the price, but to expect the "medical profession" to drain the swamp
from which its members get tlieir fees,
is expecting too much It would be
equally reasonable to expect thc police
forco "to stamp out" crime. Whatever nny section of modem society
draws its suslennnee from will be safe
from attnek at the hands of that section. The medical profession, the press,
tho pulpit, the police, in fact the entire
personnel of thc modem stnto, its beneficiaries nnd boosters, drnw their sustenance from the dismal swnmp of human slavery. Thnt i« why this peculiar
institution is safe from serious attack
from these quarters. Spectacular platform stunts will be pullod off iu the
war crusndc agniust the white plague,
but no attack will bo mado upon the
cause from which it springs, except at
thc hands of the slnvc class thut suffers under its baneful rule. ;
Just how to distinguish botweon the two
is not altogether clear. In fnct, the distinction is fully as obscure as thut between good trusts and bud ones.
An absentee from one of the battalions stationed tit Wininpog was roeyit-
ly givon a year in the penitentiary, by
a magistrate of that city. As wo have
never been in -either the penitentiary or
the trenches, wo are not qualified to decide whethor that which he received
should be termed a sentence, or a
blessing.
"We're working full time nnd tho
dinner pail is full," culled the crowd of
shop sluves, to i-rosidont Wilson us lie
addressed them ut Spencer, N. C, reeently, "Yes, and those pails will be
filled to overflowing," responded Mr.
Wilson. Tiiko Jhc horse, Ihey are happy
so long ns the "nose bug" is not without contents; There does not seem to
lie any particular difference between
the intellect of.the biped worker und
Ihut of his quadruped relative. Seems,
to lie pretty close to the belly itroitli
case.
Jackson in the Westminster 131st bat-
tnlion band.
Trade conditions aro alack, but the
membership remuining is fairly well employed. R. A. S.
Hard Luck for "Jimmie" Robinson.
"Jimmie" Robinson will bo remembered by Vancouver unionists in tho
building trndes us one of the popular
business agents of the flourishing days
of 1909-11, and lator as one of the city
hall staff in tho building inspector's office. A few months ago ".limmie" left
for his native home iu the old land as
onc of the many Vancouverites who volunteered for war supply work. He re-
fimod horo a few weeks ago a sick
man, having contracted tubercular
trouble, and has been unable to do a
day's work for months. With a wife*
aud three chlldroa'to be provided for,
the problem for ••Jimmie" is acute.
Unfortunately the Carpenters' union
has not the sumo provision made for
such cases as the I. T. II., with a
"home" ut Colorado Springs, so thnt
sonic other arrangements must be made.
One of the most excruciatingly humorous sights in life is thai peripulolie
und poverty-stricken ass, who, never
having had sufficient property himself
to bring him into acquaintance with thc
assessor, is always howling liko a Coyote because the rich often wrong Ihe
government by nut paying their tuxes.
Whose government is*-it anyway, and
whose business whether tho taxes are
paid, or not? Surely not his. But the
zeal and persistence with which he
bawls out the offenders and the dynamic
thrust of his snout into other people's
affairs, is enough to make a stoic audibly, or even raucously smile.
And now the Pacific Groat Eastern
gets $(1,000,000 from the provincial
treasury as a loan and the porvince
gets a mortgage on the road. The
money will filter into thc pockets of
the industrious promoters of this joki
of a road and the property will event
uully fall into the hands of the province
and bc added to its othor assets, such as
they are. It will be one asset, liowe-
ever, thut will 'not of itself bring any
financial solace to thc harried souls
of those whose mission in life is
gather nectar along the pathway of
political graft and plunder Its fuue
tion as a producer of nectar will cense
before present manipulators see lit to
drop it.
Prof. Scott Wearing of Toledo, Ohio,
is chnrged with saying that "the American flag belongs to the capitalists, so
why should the workingmen fight for
it." If he did not sny it he could
have done so without doing violence to
the truth. lt*!s Ihe trade mark of
American wealth and wo have boen
ton! thnt American wealth belongs to
the capitalist class of that country
If the capitalists do not own it, who
does? 'We never heard of any capital
ists being shot down for parading under
its sacred folds, but it seems tu hav
been the fortune of workers to have
met with such trenliueut upon more
limn one occasion.
SOMEWHERE IN GERMANY
According to Rabbi .Samuel Hindi-
berg of Now York, "thoro is a vast
nmount of poverty in tho world that
should not oxint." This implies that
there is either a greater or lesser
amount thnt should exist. Evidently
thero is good poverty and bnd poverty.
LONDON, Muy 17.—Many conscientious objectors," whose objections
to military service have been overruled by the military tribunals, nre
having a hard time of it. A score of
I hem left Rhyl, Wnles, yeslerduy, for
different prisons to undergo varying'
degrees of punishment us n result of
Iheir court martini tin charges of refusing lo obey military orders. Sev-
erul were sentenced to ewo years at
hard labor. Some of them had refused tn put tm khuki or shnve, and
all refused to drill.
The more one learns of Ihe military
regime of Germany, the more thoroughly
is one convinced that decent condition's
enn never be brought nbout in Europe
until fijuit brutal regime is broken and
the people of the Central Empires nre
raised to the enjoyment of those price-
| less liberties thnt have been gained for
the denizens of the British Isles,
through the iieroic struggles of our ancestors. To tliiiik of men being drugged
from homo nnd loved ones nnd brutally
thrust into prison und grossly maltreated beciuise they have conscientious ob-
jeclious |o breaking the divine commandment, Ihut "thou shnlt not kill,"
is enough In cnuso the most unpatriotic
•among us to thank high heaven thai
tlioy have been privileged to dwell in a
laud nf domocracy nnd liberty, rather
than under a nightmare und horror of
military rapacity nnd rapine. In whut
part of Germany, Khyl, Wnles, is located iB not staled, but the name has a
sort of a Hun twist and Innks as though
il ought in be hyphenated. As the despatch comes by wny nf I.nudnu, however, it is presumably authentic.
ROYAL CITY PRINTERS'
UNION ELECTS OFFICERS
NEW WESTMINSTER, Mny 81.—
Elect inn of officers for Typographical
union Nn. (i.'12, resulted us follows: President, H. S. Walsh; vice-president, W.
Burnett j secretnry-trcusurer, It. A.
Stoney; sergeant-ut-arius, 1\ 8. Smith;
executive, L. Netherby, A.J. Oxcnbiiry;
delegntcs to Trados aud Lnbor council,
it. A. Stoney, H. S. Walsh, A. I. Lewis,
It. K. Sangater; delegates to Trades
aud Labor Congress of Canada, It. A.
Stoney; label committee, A. J. Oxen-
bury, W. T. Jnekmun, J. A. Bates, W.
Bnrnetl, .1. 1\ Cnnnock; delegate to
Northwest Typographical conference, R.
A. Stoney; Journal correspondent, H. 8.
Walsh; apprentice cxuininiag bonrd, A.
J. Oxenbury, R. A. Stoney, T. CoBtello,
W. Burnett.
Tho total voto of twenty-six wns registered in favor of President Scott,
Vice-President Barrett nnd Socrotary-
Trensurer Hays, respectively, in thc international election. Por 1. T. U. delegate fo tho Trades and Labor Congress
of Cannda, W. R. Trotter recojvod four
votes and Samuel Hndden 21.
Two more members of the Royal City
Typographical union enlisted for overseas service last week: John Kennedy,
in the army medical corps, nnd Fred,
"Memory is ony the ghost of si-usn-
tion, as evanescent ns a dream. It must
needs be so fur if we could bring bnck
again nil our dead experiences with the
same virility with which wc lived them,
I am afraid wo would be a race of
maniacs."
Howe Sound Trip
Bouts having Union Dock Daily
nt 9:15 n. in. Suntliiys at 10:.i0
a. m., callinj; nt Bowoil Island,
Britannia Minos, Will Crook ami
Squamisli.. Returning at 7 p. ni.
Sunday Special, $1 Bound Trip
Terminal Steam
Navigation Co., Ltd.
Soymour 6330
W. R. OWEN
Malleable Ranges, Shelf and
Heavy Hardware; screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phono*. Tail. 447
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & Co.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Established 1904
VINEGAR
PICKLING
Wo operate our own distillery
at New Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar mnking nre prepared with
great care fpom the best selected
grains that money can buy.
Don't forget when ordering
from your grocer to ask for tho
B. C. article. ,
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation <
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Royal Crown products
SAVE ALL ROYAL CROWN COUPONS ANT WRAPPERS
i®i>&~-,. THEY ARE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TiUDKS AND LAllOll OOUNOIL—MEETS
Itrst nnd third Thuradftyit, Executive
bonril: ./tinioa H. MoVety, prosldoiHl K. 1'
Puttlplooo, vIoo-proBidaiit; Hylimn (Jul*
ii'rtfltfo, general Booretftry, 210 Labor Templo;
Troll Knowlou, troiiHiirer; W. H. Oottorlll,
statistician; 8orgottht*4t*arnn, John Sully; A
.1. Orawford, Jas. Cuuipholl, J. lirouks, tma
ALLIED  l'KI.Vmo  TIIADKH  COUNCIL.—
MoelH   socuml   Monday  in   tlio  month.
I'rosiilunt,   J.   McKinnon;   aorcctary,   11.   H,
Noolonds, 1'. O. Hox co.
IUUTKNDEUS'     LOCAL   No.    070.—Oflkc,
Ituoin   208   Luhcr  Tempi...     MootB   first
Sunday of each month. President, .lame.
Campbell; financial secretary, H, Davis, Hot
■12.1; phone, Soy. 47fi2; recording secretary
Jli!!'_ Mottishaw, Globo Hotel, Main street.
JOURNEYMEN DAUBERS' INTEUNATION*
al   Union   of   America,   Locnl   No.   120—
Meets 2nd and 4th TlosdByB in the month,
''"  2l)o. Labor Temple.    President, L.  E
llorntt; secretary, S. H. Ornnt, 004 Oeorcia
street.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS'. NO. 1
—Mopts pvpry int nnd 3rd TiiPHdnv
8 p.m., Room B07. President H. P. Wand;
corresponding secretary. W. B. Dnjnall. Boi
* j"!!'!'.1 secretary, W. J. Pipes; ImslnoB.
went, W. S. Dannall, Room 215.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281. I. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third Monday of each month, Room S02, Labor Temple
B p.m President. A. Sykes; socretary, Chaa.
C. Austin, 7;l2 Seventh avenue east.
BROTHERHOOD OP BOILER MAKER'S
and Iron Ship Builders nnd Helpero of
America. Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meet,
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President.
A. Campbell 73 Seventeenth avenue west*
secretary, A. Frailer, 1161 Howe street.
DEEP SEA FlSllERJIEXS USIoToFTHE
PACIFIC—Meets nt 437 Gore avenue everv
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russell Kenrloy, business
•.Kent.
ELiBOTMOAI "WORKERS."LOOAirNfT tii
moots room 205. Labor Temnle ever.
Hl.'n 8 ",'."■ President. D. W. MeDougall
1102 Pwll Btreet: recording socrctnr*-
R. N. Elgar. Labor Temple; financial score-
»ry "SL >'■<'<'"■'* agent. E. H. Morrison
Room 207^^ Labor Temple.    -
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'SAS.
, .SOCIATION Loral 3852. OfH«e, A.,o-
elation hall. 10 Powell street. Meets even
Sunday, 8(80 p.m. -.ThotnaB Nlion, Boorotoir
MACHINISTS. NO, 182—MEETS SECOND
and fourth Fridays al 8 p.m. President
J. Mclvor; recording secretarv. ,T. Brookes;
financial seeretary, J. H. MeVety.
MILK WAGON DRIVERS' UNION? NoTofi—
Moots second nnd fourth Thursdays, Labor
JjW'i * "■"i, Preaident. Oenrgo Anderson.
?3;S X""S° -*1'"'""! "treet; nhono Fairmont
17200. Secretary. Stanley Tiller, 312 Flgb*
","1"1' "■••■<  neat; phone Fairmont 71131,
M0VH2Q.r;F™E MACHINE OPERA:
TORS' UNION, Local 848., I. A T
8. E. & M. P. M. 0.—Moots first Sunday of
each month, Room 204, Labor Temple.
President, W. E. McCartney; BnsinosB
Agont, E. J. Hnttlomayer; Financial and Corresponding Secrotary, H. C. Roddan, P. 0
IIOZ U45.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity-
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays
Room 205, Labor Temple. President, Hay
McDongoll, 001 Seventh avenuo west; financial secretnry, ,1. Campbell, 4809 Argyle
"He'LreaorjlIng secretary, E. Westmoreland,
lot-   lew   street;   phono   Bnyvien*  2131)81..
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION (VAN-
COUVER), No, 09—Meets second Tiles,
I "!'• s P-m*. Room 204. President, W. Hell
<[J20 Vina Btreet; secretary-treasurer. E
Waterman, 1107 Georgia street; recording
seeretary,   W.   Shannon,   1730—28th  avenue
STREET iKD electricTailway EM*
PLOVEES, Pioneer Division, N?. 101—
Meets Labor Templo, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:30 and 8 p.m. President. W.
It. Liillri.il; reeordlng secreUry, .las. E. Grit-
lln, 100 Twenty-flfth avonue east; financial
secretary and business agent, Frod A
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION-OF
. ,, A„MI-RICA, Local No. 178—Heatings
held first Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m.
1 resident, Francis Williams; vico-prosident
MIsb H. Outtortdgo; recording aee, 0. McDonald, Box 503; financial secretary H
-Sordlnnd. P. 0. Box 503
IRAI'HICAL    UNION,    NO.    ».:„.—
-aetB last Sunday of each month nt 2
p.m.    President,  Will. II. Youhill;  vl pi-esi*
'nt. W. R. Trotter: secretary-treasurer,  R
II. Neelands,  P. 0. Box 00.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. U. FKDliHATION Of LAIlOIt—Meets
in annual convontion In Jatuiiiry. Hxnc-
utivi. ollicors, 1016-17: 1'reniilont. Jaa. H. Mc-
Wty; vioo-proBlilonts — Vanunnvui-, John
Brooks, B. Morrison; Victoria, C. Sivertz;
New WfiHtiiiinster, W. Yates; l'rlnee Hupurt,
W, B, Thompson, I'. 0. Box i&b; Rowland,
11. A. Htewnrt; DUtrlot 'J8. U. M. W. of A.
(Vutioonvor Island), \V. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. (Crow's Noat valley), A. J.
Carter. .Seeivlary.treasurer, A. S. Wells, 1\
0. Box Jf.IlS, Victoria, B. C.
VICTORIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL— MeetH flrst and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1421 Government Btreet, at 8
p. m. President, 0. Tnylor; seeretary, F.
Holdridgo, Box 302, Victoria, B. C.
NEW WESTMINSTEH
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of  America,   local   784,   Now  Westminster.
Moots second Sunday of each month at 1:30
p.m.    Secretary, P. W. Jamoson, Box 496.
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alburta, tho Yukon Terirtory, tho Northwest Territories and
in n portion of tho Province of British Columbia, may bo loasod for a term of twentyione
years at an annual rental of ?1 an ocre. Not
morn than 2,500 aires will bo leased to one
applicant.
Applications for leaRo must be made by the
applicant In person to tho Agent or Sub-A^ent
of tbo district in which the rights appliod
for are situated.
In surveyed territory tho land must be'described by sections, or lognl subdivisions of
sections, nnd in unsiirveyed torrltory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the ap-
plicant himself.
Each application must ho accompanied by
n foo nf $5. which will bo refunded if the
rights appliod for aro tint available, hut not
otherwise. A royalty Bhall bo paid on the
merchantablo output of thu mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The porson operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with Bworn roturnB accounting  for   tho   full   quantity   of   merchantable
coal niihod and pay the royalty thereon.    If l_
the coal mining rights are not being operated,   |
Bitch returns should ho furnished at least once   ■
a year,
Tho lease will Include tho coal mining
rights only, but tho lessee mny ho permitted
to purchase whatever available siirTaco rtghtB
may he considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rnte ot $10 an acre.
For full Information application shnuM h*
mado to tho Secretary of the Department of
tho Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agont of Dominion Lands.
W. H. CORY.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not bo paid for—S0690
««^a
•Ale
AND
Porter
*KA> Of America  rG_yr
COPYRIGHT STHAOE MARK REGISTERED 1903
Voto against prohibition I Demand i
sonnl liborty in choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label whon purchasing Boer,
Ale nr Porter, as a guarantee that It Is Union Mnde. This In our Label
The Terms of the Provincial
Prohibition Referendum Deny
the Workingman the Right to
Purchase His Glass of Beer
Should tho referendum oarry it will be impossible,
without breaking the law, for any resident ol' British Columbia to secure any form of liquor (other
than for medicinal purposes, and then only through
ii physician's prescription) unless he sends outside
(he province for his supply.
This moans that thc cost of liquor would he practically prohibitive for the workingman on account of
the heavy transportation charges which would be
made.
It also means that liquor must be purchased in
quantities, thereby again making it difficult for the
workingman to arrange for his supply.
As workingmen of British Columbia, thc careful
attention of every reader of The Federationist is
directed to the above statements.
/
THE REFERENDUM IS A DIRECT
BLOW AT THE PERSONAL LIBERTY
OF THE MAN WHO DESIRES TO LIVE
WITHIN THE LAW, BUT OAN ONLY
AFFORD TO PURCHASE HIS BEER BY
THE OLASS OR IN SMALL QUANTITIES. C . FBIDAT,... JUNE 2, 1810
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
GOOD MALT and HOPS,
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
"The Beer Without a Pfeer"
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
THE BREWING of CASCADE    BEER   is   the
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
THE   PRINCIPLE  OF
TEMPERANCE
is good—be temperate in
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
A FOOD AND DRINK IN
ONE FOR SALE AT ALL
DEALERS
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
VANCOUVER
BREWERIES LTD.
V6t~%
BREWED »__%&
HOTEL &
FAMll-V
**t
VANCOUVER. '
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
BreWed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
VANCOUVER and .VICTORIA
TEMPERANCE
is good for till men; total abstinence is n matter of expediency for aome
men. The total abstainer 1ms no niore right to compel the tompernto
man to abstain by forco of law, than the temperate mnn hns to compel
the abstainer to drink what ho neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
brands.
BRITANNIA, PALE
OB
PREMIER
WESTMINSTER BREWERY
LIMITED
A. E. SUCKLING & CO. LTD.
VANOOUVEE DISTRIBUTORS
ASK FOR
B. C. Special
RYE
Whisky
Nine Years in Wood
UNSURPASSED
IN QUALITY
AND FLAVOR,
Established 1903
THE
OF
AIM
Cannot Justify Secession by
Experience or Light
of Reason
Ample Recourse Within the
Union to Correct Any
Evils or Mistakes
[From The Union Leiidbf]
q.EOHBSION AND the establishment
^ oi' dual organization in any trado,
ornft or calling can no more be justified
in the Labor movement-than the seceding of provinces from confederation,
and the attempt to establish a dual
government. v .
Sny that secession is right under cer-
tnin circumstances in the trade union
movement, and \ve at once invite and
encourage dual organization, tlio most
effective means the opposition has yet
found to weaken the forces of lahor.
Through tlie solidarity of the workers
lies tlieir hope of triumph. To divide
the forces of labor aud set one against
the other is to destroy tlie power of or-
Igunizatiou, and this'is precisely what
^secession and dual organization in tho
Labor movement brings nbout.    \
To grant secession to be right because of certain conditions existing in
u trade union is to open the way for the
OnemioB of'organized labor to influence
the dissatisfied, the disgruntled and the
spineless to start rump organizations
and defeat the purpose of our movement.
If tho officers of a trade union refuse
to carry out its laws and pervert the
purpose of the organization there is ample recourse within the union to correct
this condition. The democracy of tho
trade union is the effective check
against such evils. Where members are
alert to their rights, wrong-doing on the
part of officers cannot continue. The
corrective processes must operate from
within and not from without.
Grunt the right of secession from a
trade union for any cause and you have
paved the way for secession for no
cause. Once let down the bars and you
encourage disloyalty, invite division
and place your unions on the road to
disintegration.
Secession und dual organization is
subversive of the fundamental purpose
of the Labor movement. Happily the
American Federation of Labor has
taken a strong stand against it and refuses to recognize secessionists iu any
way.
Just aa thc preservation and powor of
our national government precludes seces
sion and demands the union of the
provinces, so nlBo thc preservation and
power-'of the Labor movement depends
updn tho union of its forces. of
Secession means division. "A bouse
divided against itsolf must fall." Any
attempt to justify secession in the trade
union movement is treading on danger?
ous ground.
.^TWENTY-FIVE YEARS ACK>
Trades and Labor Oouncll..
Friday, June 6, 1891.
. Messrs. Franklin aad Hardy chosen
to assist Secretary Fulton to prepare report of another influx of Chinese and
the state of trade in B. C. for federal
governmont and -Dominion Traded and
Labor Congross.
Decided to hold Labor Day demonstration.
As Michael Davitt, who was' proprietor of tho defunct Labor World, is expected to be in Vancouver shortly, he
w'ill be asked to deliver a lecture on
the labor question.
EQUAL RIGHTS ASSOCIATION
Nntwithstumling that prohibition
laws huve become effective in seven
states since July "1, 1015, approximately
7,500,000 gallons • moro whiskey have
been used in the United States so far
during this fiscal year ending Juno'.10
than ever before. Returns to the internal revenue bureau approximate the
total increase for the yonr at 10,000,000
gallons. During the siune period the
use.of beer has fallen more than 1,500,-
000 barrels, or ^45,000,000 gallons! from
lust year's figures. The total use of
beer for the yoar ending June 30, H is
estimated, will be about 00,000,000 loss
than it was in thc last fiscal year. An
extraordinary increase in the amount of
cigars, cigarettes and tobacco is reported for the current year. The tax collected during tho nine months ending
March 31 shows an iacreaso of approximately $5,000,000 nn tobacco? which includes cigars and cigarettes, over the
last fiscal year.
Tho B. O. Workers' Equal'Rights association is organized to devise ways
and menus to combat prohibition, from
an economic standpoint, becauso under
the present industrial system, prohibition will cnuse unemployment and will
vitally effect a large number of organized trades, such as the brewery workers, cigarmakers, bricklayers, carpenters, glass blowers, waiters, printers,
bartenders, cooks, coopers, lithographers, and in fact it will effect many of
the other trades directly and indirectly,
and the entire labor movement by causing a greater competition for the remaining jobs. R. N. M.  •
Patronize those who patronize you is
a good rule to follow. Th'ose who advertise in The Federationist patronize
you. D.eal with them and tell them
why. But always ask for union-label
products.
The one time a woman can always hit
what she aims at is when she casts reflections. —
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
LET THE
Hillcrest Dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
Valley.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT   1934
TEe Hillcrest Dairy
131 FIFTEENTH AVE. WEST
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
HOTEL ST. REGIS
^Strictly modern), ono block from Labor Temple.   Here, every comfort
nwaits you. '   -
IS
TO
The Kept Press Copiously
Slops over with Fulsome
i     Eulogy
Stripped of Hypocrisy and
Pretense "Empire Building" is a Joke
TRANSIENTS $1.00 PER  DAY AND UP
LOW RATES TO PERMANENT GUESTS
Union Cigars and best brands of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe in connection.
J J. HILL, the grand mogul o'f- tho
•Great Northern railway, hus at last
passed in his checks, at the ripe old age
og 78. And great is tho volume of fulsome slush being ladled out by the kept
pre.ss, over the marvellous achievements
aud superlative virtues of this vory ordinary, if not actually mediocre specimen of what this money worshipping
age terms a great man. The head linos
in the paporB proclaim him "an empire
builder," a "great financier,'/ and columns of adulation arc poured out to his
memory by tho ponay-a-liner press
scribes who deliver the goods only upon
order and to suit the buyer. One of the
most pleasing testimonials to tlio good
sense and-raro judgment of the deceusod
is that he always had an aversion to
manual work. Kven as a boy he woulcl
come through with none of it. Then his
paternal ancestor tried to make a Presbyterian parson of him, but that fell
through, evidently because lie inherited
certain traits that qualified him for a
line of action that might do viblencc to
ti strict interpretation of the moral and
othical code of Presbyterian austerity
und harrow piety. These particular
traits came to the surface when the
opportunity camo to take up the burden
of "empire building," und expressed
themselves in a manner not calculated
to shock the sensibilities of a porch-
climber, although it might have severely
jolted tho conscience of any oae addicted to the Prcsbyteriun conception of
honesty. *
Raising the Curtain.
The beginning of the task of "empire building" was effected by the outright stealings tho old St. Paul and
Pacific railway from the Dutch bondholders. The "empire buildur" neatly
pulled off this little curtain-raiser to a
great and successful cureer, with the
aid of a couplo of great Caaadian empire builders, whose activities were conducted along the same freebooting lines
that characterized the operations of Mr.
Hill. To the layman it would appear
to be more closely akin to taking an.em-
pile than to building one. Bo thut as it
may, however, the deal was pulled olf
successfully, and to mako the job as
neat and complcto as a voritable work
of art, Mr. Hill and1 his Canadian colleagues double-crossed one of their fellow conspirators, a Mr. Parley, out of
his portion of the swag. This Faric^,
by the way, was receiver for the road,
and had been appointed by tho cburt
to protect tho bondholders. His part of
the cunning little play was to so com
pletoly wreck the road financially that
Hill and his gang would bc able to pick
up the bonds at a song, und then bid
the road in when the receiver got an
order from the court to sell it under thc
hammer. Everything worked out iu accord with the calculations of the chief
i'empire builder." Parley, however,
overlooked one thing. As un oflicer of
the court, he acted as receiver. Such
being the case he could aot. apply to any
court to enforce an accounting, in cuse
his fellow-conspirators attempted to
double-cross him. The worthy "empire
builders" with whom he was working,
did riot overlook this chance to expedite the building process to their own
profit.. They practically told Parley to
go and chase himself, when he demand-:
ed the division of the swng previously
agreed upon. Parley, although he tried
for years, was never able to force an
accounting. Me could not come into
court with clean hands, so he wns completely at the mercy of his pals, whose
hands were even dirtier than his own.
Tho now belauded "empire builder,."
gathered to his account n large chunk
of empire by this simple process of
morely taking everything that came
within reach.
Staging the Joke.
A complete account of this laying of
the corner-stone of the Hill edilicc ofj
empires, may be found in Myers' History of Great Canadian Fortunes, ('bus. i
Kerr & Co., Chicago. Along with tho
St. Paul &, Pacilic steal went an im-j
mense land grant covering some of thu
richest agricultural lunds on tho western continent. .Settlers 1jy the thouB- j
ands poured into the west aad located
upon those fertile acres nnd a huge.
stream of wealth has ever since flowed
into the coffers oi' Mill and his follow,
conspirators. That is all there is t»i this
"empire building." The workers buill
tho empire, eventually extending its
limits lo encompass the earth. Hill Bim
ply took possesion of it. Hill turns up
" ' bly $100,000,000.
porty is worth thut much,
not his toes. The busy und productive
workers who have toiled to bring forth
those fabulous millions; they who by
their sweat have brought forth this empire, it is safe to say, are not worth aa
average o'f six bits each. And yet largo
numbers of them will rend the fulsome
slop poured out about* this dead "empire builder," without realizing what a
joke it really is upon themselves and
their fellow workors. They Will, with
a profound BQriousness of purpose und
dignity of demeaaor, continue lu extend
and sustain tins empire of capital to
the continued glory of their musters
and their own undoing. Some joke,
this empire business, oh yes.
his
• nil,
I In
"Movie" Business Agent Goes Bast
K J. Hnttleiaaycr, business agent of
local ;UN for thc past year, und chief
operator at tho Colonial theatre since it
lirst opened with the Kinemacolor pictures, left the city last Monday morning for Niagara Palls, Ont., to take the
luanngcment of the Queens theatre
theie, whchi is owned by his father. His
loss will be greatly felt by the operators
of this city, as he lias been a very efficient business agent during his tenure
of that office, likewise Mr. Guagliotte,
manager of the Colonial, who was reluctant to let him go, will seriously miss
him. His position at Ihe Colonial is being filled by Geo. Smith, formerly of the
I'rinccss theatre, who has been recuperating the last two weeks from a three
weeks' Session in the'hospital, after a
very serious operation.
i p Miners*
^& Loggers*
Nowhere
in all the world
—are   better   Boots   mado
than "Leekio-'s."
I Men whose work makes
•the heaviest demands on
footwear—the miner—tlie
prospector—the rancher-
should see that the name
Leckie is stumped on the
boots thoy purchusc.
Business and professional
men too will find u Leckie
Boot particularly suited to
their purposes.
At all Shoe Dealers
Made in British Columbia
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without thc  Union   Stamp  are
always Non-Union,
BOOT ft SHOE'WOBKEBS* UNION
245 Summer Street, Boston, Mass,
J. F. Tobin, Pres.     C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
PITHER & LEISER, LTD.
Wholesale
WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS
VANCOUVER
VICTORIA, B.C.
REPRESENTING—
0. H. Mumm & Oo., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
G. Preller & Co.'s Olarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Milk Users!
ARE YOU STILL SUPPORTING A NON-UNION
DAIRY?
OUR DELIVERY SYSTEM COVERS ALL TERRITORY SOUTH OP FALSE CREEK, WEST OF
BRIDGE, TO THE FRASER RIVER
SOU-VAN MILK
Fairmont 2624
Fairmont 2024
Cook at your table
with an
Electric Grill Stove
Special Price
during Electric Grill stove week only,
June 5th to 10th
$4.90
This electric table stove, called the
"Three-pound rage," boils, broils,
fries, makes waffles, pops corn and
makes delicious toast, and any two
of these performances can be done at
the same time.
You have only to taste
Electric Cooking
to become convinced of the superiority of thc electric appliance.
(MSicctriC
Salesrooms
and leading electrical dealers PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY. JUNE 2, 1916
A Good
SHIRT
—for-
$1.00
You can buy a shirt for a dollar in almost any store, but it
wouldn't be like these—wouldn't look as well, fit as well, or
wear as well. Our shirts are good from the material to the finish, and no laundry enn take out their color.     All sizes.
Each .
. $1.00
\__ .   _/ ______   ttro      **______ av»aiiat. irwrt cohhimumh    ^ ( ^amr
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Most Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
REX THEATRE
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Sheet
First Vancouver Bun of All
"Triangle" Pictures.
"Triangle" Pictures Are the
World's Best Films.
MONDAY, TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY
JUNE 5, 6, 7
Cross Currents
Worst of Friends
THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
JUNE S, 9. 10
The Edge of the Abyss
Submarine Pirates
Entire change of programme fur latter part of tho weok.
ADMISSION I
Matineo (to 6 p.m.;   10c Children (all the timo)  5r
Evenings 16cBoxca (all the time)  26c
UNION IS STRENGTH
ffmhts
When you recognizo this aB a
fnct you will boost for the products of home industries by cutting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
BUTTER. EGGS, LARD
BACON, HAM and SAUSAGE
The only government-inspected
plant in B. C. <
"BIG HORN" BRAND
UNION
MADE
WHY NOT WEAR THE BEST ON THE MARKET?
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, MACKINAWS
—— TENTS, 'ETC., ETC.
OIVC TOUMIir »»Tlir«CTIO» AND « MtlTWH COLUMIUW
INDUSTRY VOUR PATRONAGE iV USINO THI» SUPERIOR SRAND
Ckin.ese- made Skirts {{Overalls
MUST GOf
JRN BRANF
BUTTING AHEAD.
■010 SV AIL THI LEADINtt STORES
Turner, Beeton 4 Co., Ltd.  Victoria, B. C,
WHOkWUCNS AND MHHIMCTUMM
UNION • OFFICES
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
OAN SUPPLY TOU WITB THE ALLIED PBINTINO TBADES UNION LABEL
BAOLEV * SONS, 161 Hlstlnga Street  Seymour 818
Ul.OCHllERdKH, P. 11.,  319 llroidwi** Bust Fairmont 203
BKAND *  l'KUBV, 629 Pender Street, Weit   Seymour 2578
BUKKAKU  1'UBI.ISIIINU   CO.,   711   Beymour  Street    Seymour  8530
CLAltKK & STUAttT,  320 Seymour Street     Seymour 8
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 437 Dunemulr Street Seymour 1108
EVANS St HASTINOS, Arte and Crofts UIiIk, Seymour St Seymour 6650
JEWEuL, M. L., 841 Pender St Seymour 1444
KERSHAW, J. A., 580 Howe St Seymour 8874
LATTA, R P., 333 Oore Avo Seymour 1089
MAIN PRINTINO CO., 8861 Main St Fairmont 1988
MoLEAN & SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver N. Van. 58
MOORE PRINTINO CO., Cor. Oranvllle and Robson Ble Seymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 137 Pender St Soymour 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver N Van, 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Bulldlnj Soymour 9692
PF.ARCE * HODOSON, 613 Hamilton Street Seymour 2928
ROEDDE, G. A„ 616 Homer Street Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUI1LISHINO CO., 817 Gamble St Seymour 6609
TERMINAL CITV 1'HKKH, 208 Klnmway  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Street   Seymour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 HaitlnKi W Soymonr 8520
TIMMS, A. H„ 280 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 621R
WESTERN PRESS, 323 Cordova W Seymour 7566
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 381 Dunemulr St Seymour 8526
WHITE & B1NDON, 528 Pender Weet  Seymour 1214
Writ* "Union Lsbel" on Tour Oopy when Ton Bond It to tbo Printer
PROPOSED LOCK-OUT
OF I"
Labor Troubles at Granby
Mines May Result in a
General Strike
Wages and Men on the P. G,
E.—Other Important
Business
At lust night's meeting of the Trillion
mid Labor couneil, a telegram was ro
oolvod from Anyox stinting that a gen
cral walkout of most of tho trados in
the employ of the Granby company
would take place on June 1st, unless
certnin demands wore complied wilh,
A longthy discussion was precipitated
over this matter. A delegate who recently returned from the Granby mines
at this point said that Ihe company
would discountenance any attempt of
tho Western Federation of Miners t
organize the mon in thoir employ. It
was iinly optional with tlio company to
allow tlie men to land on the wharf.
Once there you nre in the dutches of
the officials and must eat and sleep on
the company's property and patronize
its stores. Everything belongs to the
mine-owners. If one should die ho would
bo buried in ono of tho company's coffins. There are .1500 or more men employed, who arc owned body nnd soul
by their employers. There is a system
growing up along this const worse than
that of thc feudal barons. At Anyox,
Britannia nnd other points, the police
were at the bock and call of tlio companies. At Onyox the timekeeper nift
tho boat, and a man with liis blankets
would .not bo allowed to land without
thnt official's permission. Three-fourths
of thc men employed wero foreigners.
A motion was passed asking Col. Duff-
Stuart, officer in command of the llth
district to intern all the alien enemy
lass of laborers employed in the B. C.
mines.
Proposed Lock-out.
'All the moving picture exhibitors in
Vancouver, with thc exception of tho
Orpheum theatre, will refuse to recognize the union on and after June 12th,"
snid the delegate of the Moving Picture
Operators' union. The employers win
buck the government examination to
have competent men. And so they have
marked the ring-leaders. Exhibitors at
South Vancouver, New Westminster and
most likely those of Nanaimo and Victoria have joined the combine to light
the union.
Tho new provincial law, which will
go into effect on October 1st next, will
mako the examinations uniform all over
ti|ie province. In the meantime the
civic examination will prevail. This is
a written one and can bo read out of a
book und so learned, lt is not practical, and the successful student is sent to
tho house to work.
Exhibitors believed that by breaking
up the union tho provincial examination
board would not be compelled to strictly examine intending operators—and so
in time would become a dend letter. At
present the only places in B. C. issuing
licenses to moving pict ure operntors
e Vancouver and Victoria. Another
scheme the exhibitors had in view was
the employment of returned soldiers to
take the placeB of union men—the pretext being for patriotic reasons. All
operators employed ia Vancouver, with
two exceptions, were married with
families.
Other Business.
P. M. Draper, secretary-treasurer
Tradea and Labor Congress of Canada,
replied at length to a series of questions
asked by 'the local council. He had nothing to mask and no reason for declining replies. Tho members of the executive council did consider investments in
Canadian government bonds, but without any definite action being taken, lie
President Watters building houso at
Victoria by non-union labor, in view of
tho evidence submitted, an investigation committee rocommondod that he be
exonerated from all blame in connection
with the matter. Several othor questions
were also answered by Secretary
Draper.
An attempt will be made to organize
the broom and whisk makers in thia
eity.
'L'he schedule of wages as Bet by tho
federal government for work done by it
in this city was criticized at length.
A resolution of condolence was passed
on the demise of Ferby P. Pettipiece,
second son of Mr. and Mrs. R, P. Pettipiece.
President's Beport.
President McVety mado an extended
statistical report re the expenditure of
the patriotic fund.
Regarding wages paid common laborers on tbo P. G. E., he said tbat they
had been sot at $2 per 9 hours, but he
had boen instrumental, through'Premid'r
Bowser, having this raised CO cents.
Twolve hundred laborers, 200 bridge
carpenters and 100 .mill men would bo
employed.
The compensation act had boen passed
by tho legislature, and was as good ns
any on the continent. If, however, Mr.
Brewster's contention that all the acts
pasBed since March 16th are null and
void, it and other labor legislation
would be without effect.
Warners
Corsets
Will Please
You
$1.50 to $5.00 a Pair
If you are onc of the
many who seek the. best
possible value you take
particular interest in
choosing a Warner Corset.
"Warner's possess an unusual amount of good
style, the fabrics are superior and the finish is all
that could be desired.
There are many fine models to select from—styles
for every normal figure
type. Come and view
Warner's Corsets. Allow
one of our corsetieres to
show you wherein they represent the best corset
value at the price. All
sizes ih stock now at $1.50
to $5.00 a pair.
LMUTtt
675 ORANVILLE STBEET
LONGSHOREMEN STRIKE
At All Chief American Ports Along the
Pacific Coast.
Yesterday, a general striko was called
by the international Longshoremen's
association at all American ports on the
Pacific coast and, ns a result, numbers
of vessels are idle or experiencing
trouble in working cargo.
The men arc nsking for nn increase
from 50 conts tin hour to 55 cents for
general cargo and $1 nil hour overtime.
They also want $1 an hour for explosives, sacks weighing 150 pounds and
salvage work and $1.50 an hour overtime for thia class of freight.
The number of men out on itrike are:
At Seattle, 2000; Los Angeles, 1200;
San Francisco, 4000; Aberdeon and Ho-
|iiiam, 100; Portland and Astoria, 1500;
Taeoma, 000; Bellinghnm, fiO. Altogether over 10,000 men aro on strike. Vancouver and Victoria aro not na yet affected.
Ono. action which may be takon at
British Columbia ports ia that the union
longshoremen will refuse to wbrk ves-
kcIs coming from ports affected by the
strike.   .
Work for Better Conditions,
Editor Federationist: Your articles on
the sugar monopoly caused readers to
work for remedies, but the leader of
May 20th on the slave-side of work has
a discouraging effect upon the best efforts of many helpful workers, who by
united efforts can more quickly remove
unjust conditions where handicapping
tho lives of workers. More than fifty
years' experience convinces me that
work is best for me and that persons
who work aro healthier and happier
than others who try to avoid work. The
most tortured men in British Columbia
nre thoso who strive to lind, but Cannot
get remunerative work to maintain
their families, because the land they
need to build upon or cultivate to win
the full benefit of their labors us free
men iB unjustly  kept  from   them  by
peculators and others. All tho best investigators who havo striven to win better conditions for workers have been
convinced that direct access to the land
for production—without either speculators or otherfl being allowed to make
any exactions, is the Burest way to permanently free workers. That first necessity of direct freedom to use a share of
the land is the best meana you can urge.
Next if you encourage farmers to sow
sugar beets," etc., (as they are doing
in Washington state) and then encourage co-operation with tho united workers of British Columbia in economic development of BUgar beet and other factories on the lower mainland, and save
all waste cost in distribution of those
products, you will greatly help to win
truo freedom for workers. Most peoplo
respect men who work, and rightly despise all who wont. Idle men become
miserable. I always want to do useful
work, both physical and mental, to tlie
meaaure of my strength ub both are
neceBsary to tho enjoyment of life. Hoping that more prominence will be givon
in your paper to the supremo importance
of the land question, nnd the beneficial
cffectB of work in which we all should
gladly shnro.
MOSES B. COTSWORTH.
New Westminster, May 31, 19.16.
Methodist "Open-shoppers."
By a vote of 447 to 280 the Methodist
general conference, closed last week at
Saratoga Springs, N. Y., defeated that
part of the roport of the commiBBion on
social aorvice which declared a preference ahould bc given union labor in all
matters affecting employment.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1041 GEORGIA STREET
One  Block  weit of Court  Houie.
Uie  of  Modern  Chapel   end
Funeral Parlors free  to  all
Patrons
Telephone Beymour 2426
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle St.. Phone Sey   :I4«6.
North Vancouver — Oflloe and
Chapel, 122-Slxth St. West, Phone
IM.
STRET
ELECT
Correspondent Urges Membership to Attend All
Meetings
Takes a Crack at Sundry
Misdemeanors of Local
Unionists
[By J. E. G.]
THE NEXT regular meeting of Pio-
neor division will bo held on Juno
14. Tor the benefit of the "slackers,"
wo would liko to point out that our
meetings are hold on the second ami
fourth Wednesdaya of each month, and
uot every second weok. The seaii-annuul
election of oiHccrH will take place shortly, so boc that you aro on hand to nominate those whom you think will serve
the Interests of tlie members best.
■ Thore is an Indian settlement across
tho inlet, known as North Vancouvor.
Tho natives havo proudly dubbed it
"The Ambitious City." Now it seems
that the ambitious members of Division
101 on tho north shore feel that they
havo not been receiving the attention,
duo to that seloct body, so we have arranged to have Bro. Hughes send over
any items of interest concerning organized labor. Tho flrst item that Bert
sends is not very encouraging. It is to
the effect that some of our members ure
pntronizing scab barber shopB. lt seems
thnt there is only one union barber shop
tho Gem; one union hotol and one union
street car system in the village, and
Bert threatens to publish the names of
the north shore members that are patronizing tho unfair places.
Speaking about barbers reminds us
that their correspondence last week contained tho announcement that providing
the ollicers of their locnl would supply
them, Tho Federationist would publish
tho names of those union men that patronized scab shops. Quite right—lead
on and we will fall right iu lino with
the names of enough so-called union
men who patronize jitneys to justify
the issuing of a special edition of The
Federationist.
If any union has cause to complain of
lack of patronage, on the part of organized lnbor, the Street Kailwnymon
have. Not only barbers, but plumbers,
telephone men and othors can bo seen
daily riding in tho jitney.
We aro pleased to note that our old
friend Bro. Sclby is again taking nn interest in tho affairs of the division. Bert
is right on deck with good sound judg-
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
These Are
STRAW HAT DAYS
The young men nnd men who stay young nre wearing them nnd setting
n Summer fnsUion that is refreshing to see nftor six months or more of
tho sombro styles ind colors of folt hots. Got your straw at once. Get
a whole Summer's wear out of it.
PINE ENGLI8H STRAWS.—A light weight English sennit straw in a
line bright braid, solf conforming swoat bands, silk trimmings and
outside bunds.   Extra good value at  $1.76, 2.00 and $2.60
SPLIT STRAWS—Split straws aro light in woight anh wear well. We
show two populnr shapes.   Prices  $1.76 and $2.00
SPECIAL BOATER $1.26—This is an English sennit and a special value
nt our price. Nicely trimmod, RuBBin leathor sweats nnd blaok silk
bunds, Prico   $1,26
SOFT STRAWS—For the mnn who does not liko tho boater or hard
shaped lint we hnve three good shilpos ln soft struws; a height of
crown und width of brim to suit all.   Prices  66c, 76c, $1.00
GARDEN STRAWS—Wide brim plain straws f(Jr gnrdon or country
....wonr.   Prices  20c. nnd 26c.
MEN '8 LINEN HATS 60c—These uro made in tho regulation pannma
Hhnpe, nicely trimmed.   Colors tan, grey und green  60c.
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
ment, nnd if somo kindly-disposed porson would loan our friend a copy of
Robert's Rulus of Order to study up, believe us, Bro. Selby will become a very
valuable member of the orgnnization.
While wo nre not in any particular
hurry about, takiag the new men into
the division, thoro is nothing whatever
to prevent nny of them filing an application for membership. Those that are
working como undof our schodulo of
wuges and enjoy tho conditions nnd concessions thut the ollicers of this locnl
have had many a hard flght to obtain
and maintain.
After reading The Federationist's editorial on "Work," we feel liko asking
ourself the question, '' What excuse
havo we got for being alive f"
Wo rogret very much to announce
that some of our own men are eating in
a Chiaese joint in the vicinity of Prior
streot. Boys, think this over. It calls
for serious consideration, The Oriontal
is slowly but surely undermining the
white man iu this province. In the
economic struggle, the white mnn is
gradually being reduced to the level of
the Asiatic. Wages have fallen, and
our stnndard of living is reduced accordingly. Wo have only to look to
Vancouver island for nn example. Time
was when all thft minors Mere white
men, but thoy havo gradually beon
forced out, until now the majority of
mine workers are Orientnls. The same
conditions are making themselves felt
right here in this city. Organized labor
is lighting for itB very existence on ac
count of tho little interest that many
mombors of unions tnko in tho matter.
Think it over, boys, and remember that
thore is a union of restaurant employees, who need holping out in their
bittet light against Oriontal competition. 	
Off to New York.
Hubert Steele, of Portland, Oro.,
spent a fow hnppy hours with old-time
friondB in this city Thursday weok. He
is on Ins wny to New York, nnd will
mako the overland trip oik tho Grand
Trunk Pacific, via Prince Ruport.
"Bert" is a native of thiB provinco,
and hails from Victoria, where he was
one-time prosident of Typographical
union No. 201 of that city. He iB well-
known to thc const fraternity, having
worked on most of tho loading newspapers of tho Western States and British Columbia, including Vnncouver.
ARGUE!
Sell
lie neonoobc
acca
Maple p Leaf
Dairy
Dealers in high-grade
Milk and Cream
produced from tuberculin-tested herds and Pasteurized in the best-equipped
dairy on the Pacific Coast.
This milk is never touched by humanhands, and has 3tood the test in all bacteriological examinations as a safe milk at all times for children.
Delivered to your door
for 10 cents per quart
Milk,Cream,WhippingCream
and Butter Milk
OUR BUTTER MILK IS CHURNED, NOT SOURED SKIM MILK
WE ARE ALSO MANUFACTURERS OF
Butter of the Highest Quality
We Deliver in All Parts of the City by
Union Labor
We Boast of No Alluring Trophies, but Deliver the Goods
1935 Second Avenue West
PHONE BAYVIEW 1417 ,

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